[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 2401 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.2401
                       One Hundred Third Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
  the fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-three


                                 An Act

  
 
  To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1994 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, and for 
other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1994''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into three divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees defined.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Army.
Sec. 102. Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 103. Air Force.
Sec. 104. Defense-wide activities.
Sec. 105. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 106. Reserve components.
Sec. 107. Chemical demilitarization program.
Sec. 108. National Shipbuilding Initiative.
Sec. 109. Denial of multiyear procurement authorization.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Procurement of helicopters.
Sec. 112. Light utility helicopter modernization.
Sec. 113. Nuclear, biological, and chemical protective masks.
Sec. 114. Chemical agent monitoring program.
Sec. 115. Close Combat Tactical Trainer Quickstart program.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Seawolf attack submarine program.
Sec. 122. Trident II (D-5) missile procurement.
Sec. 123. Study of Trident missile submarine program.
Sec. 124. MK-48 ADCAP torpedo program.
Sec. 125. SSN acoustics master plan.
Sec. 126. Long-term lease or charter authority for certain double-hull 
tankers and oceanographic vessels.
Sec. 127. Long-term lease or charter authority for certain Roll-On/Roll-
Off vessels.
Sec. 128. F-14 aircraft upgrade program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. B-2 bomber aircraft program.
Sec. 132. B-1B bomber aircraft program.
Sec. 133. Full and prompt access by Comptroller General to information 
on heavy bomber programs.
Sec. 134. C-17 aircraft program progress payments and reports.
Sec. 135. Live-fire survivability testing of the C-17 aircraft.
Sec. 136. Intertheater airlift program.
Sec. 137. Use of F-16 aircraft advance procurement funds for program 
termination costs.
Sec. 138. Tactical signals intelligence aircraft.
Sec. 139. C-135 aircraft program.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 151. ALQ-135 jammer device.
Sec. 152. Global Positioning System.
Sec. 153. Ring laser gyro navigation systems.
Sec. 154. Operational support aircraft.
Sec. 155. Administration of chemical demilitarization program.
Sec. 156. Chemical munitions disposal facilities, Tooele Army Depot, 
Utah.
Sec. 157. Authority to convey Los Alamos dry dock.
Sec. 158. Sales authority of certain working-capital funded industrial 
facilities of the Army.
Sec. 159. Space-based missile warning and surveillance programs.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 202. Amount for basic research and exploratory development.
Sec. 203. Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Kinetic Energy Antisatellite Program.
Sec. 212. B-1B bomber program.
Sec. 213. Space launch modernization plan.
Sec. 214. Medical countermeasures against biowarfare threats.
Sec. 215. Federally funded research and development centers.
Sec. 216. Demonstration program for ballistic missile post-launch 
destruct mechanism.
Sec. 217. High Performance Computing and Communication Initiative.
Sec. 218. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) program.
Sec. 219. Advanced Self Protection Jammer (ASPJ) Program.
Sec. 220. Electronic combat systems testing.
Sec. 221. Limitation on flight tests of certain missiles.
Sec. 222. Joint Advanced Rocket System.
Sec. 223. Standoff Air-to-Surface munitions technology demonstration.
Sec. 224. Standard extremely high frequency waveform.
Sec. 225. Extension of prohibition on testing Mid-Infrared Advanced 
Chemical Laser against an object in space.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 231. Funding for ballistic missile defense programs for fiscal year 
1994.
Sec. 232. Revisions to Missile Defense Act of 1991.
Sec. 233. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 theater missile defense system.
Sec. 234. Compliance of ballistic missile defense systems and components 
with ABM Treaty.
Sec. 235. Theater missile defense master plan.
Sec. 236. Limited Defense System development plan.
Sec. 237. Theater and Limited Defense System testing.
Sec. 238. Arrow Tactical Anti-Missile program.
Sec. 239. Report on Arrow Tactical Anti-Missile program.
Sec. 240. Technical amendments to annual report requirement to reflect 
creation of Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
Sec. 241. Clementine satellite program.
Sec. 242. Cooperation of United States allies on development of tactical 
and theater missile defenses.
Sec. 243. Transfer of follow-on technology programs.

                   Subtitle D--Women's Health Research

Sec. 251. Defense Women's Health Research Center.
Sec. 252. Inclusion of women and minorities in clinical research 
projects.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 261. Nuclear weapons effects testing by Department of Defense.
Sec. 262. One-year delay in transfer of management responsibility for 
Navy mine countermeasures program to the Director, Defense Research and 
Engineering.
Sec. 263. Termination, reestablishment, and reconstitution of an 
Advisory Council on Semiconductor Technology.
Sec. 264. Navy large cavitation channel, Memphis, Tennessee.
Sec. 265. Strategic Environmental Research Council.
Sec. 266. Repeal of requirement for study by Office of Technology 
Assessment.
Sec. 267. Comprehensive independent study of national cryptography 
policy.
Sec. 268. Review of assignment of defense research and development 
categories.
Sec. 269. Authorized use for facility constructed with prior defense 
grant funds.
Sec. 270. Grant to support research on exposure to hazardous agents and 
materials by military personnel who served in the Persian Gulf War.
Sec. 271. Research on exposure to depleted uranium by military personnel 
who served in the Persian Gulf War.
Sec. 272. Sense of Congress on metalcasting and ceramic semiconductor 
package industries.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.
Sec. 302. Working capital funds.
Sec. 303. Armed Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 304. National Security Education Trust Fund obligations.
Sec. 305. Transfer from National Defense Stockpile Fund.
Sec. 306. Funds for clearing landmines.

                         Subtitle B--Limitations

Sec. 311. Prohibition on operation of Naval Air Station, Bermuda.
Sec. 312. Limitation on the use of appropriated funds for Department of 
Defense golf courses.
Sec. 313. Prohibition on the use of certain cost comparison studies.
Sec. 314. Limitation on contracts with certain ship repair companies for 
ship repair.
Sec. 315. Requirement of performance in the United States of certain 
reflagging or repair work.
Sec. 316. Prohibition on joint civil aviation use of Selfridge Air 
National Guard Base, Michigan.
Sec. 317. Location of certain prepositioning facilities.

              Subtitle C--Defense Business Operations Fund

Sec. 331. Extension of authority for use of the Defense Business 
Operations Fund.
Sec. 332. Implementation of the Defense Business Operations Fund.
Sec. 333. Charges for goods and services provided through the Defense 
Business Operations Fund.
Sec. 334. Limitation on obligations against the Defense Business 
Operations Fund.

                   Subtitle D--Depot-Level Activities

Sec. 341. Department of Defense depot task force.
Sec. 342. Limitation on consolidation of management of depot-level 
maintenance workload.
Sec. 343. Continuation of certain percentage limitations on the 
performance of depot-level maintenance.
Sec. 344. Sense of Congress on the performance of certain depot-level 
work by foreign contractors.
Sec. 345. Sense of Congress on the role of depot-level activities of the 
Department of Defense.
Sec. 346. Contracts to perform workloads previously performed by depot-
level activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 347. Authority to waive certain claims of the United States.

             Subtitle E--Commissaries and Military Exchanges

Sec. 351. Prohibition on operation of commissary stores by active duty 
members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 352. Modernization of automated data processing capability of the 
Defense Commissary Agency.
Sec. 353. Operation of Stars and Stripes bookstores overseas by the 
military exchanges.
Sec. 354. Availability of funds for relocation expenses of the Navy 
Exchange Service Command.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Emergency and extraordinary expense authority for the 
Inspector General of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 362. Authority for civilian employees of the Army to act on reports 
of survey.
Sec. 363. Extension of guidelines for reductions in civilian positions.
Sec. 364. Authority to extend mailing privileges.
Sec. 365. Extension and modification of pilot program to use National 
Guard personnel in medically underserved communities.
Sec. 366. Amendments to the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991.
Sec. 367. Modification of restriction on repair of certain vessels the 
homeport of which is planned for reassignment.
Sec. 368. Escorts and flags for civilian employees who die while serving 
in an armed conflict with the Armed Forces.
Sec. 369. Maintenance and repair of Pacific battle monuments.
Sec. 370. One-year extension of certain programs.
Sec. 371. Ships' stores.
Sec. 372. Promotion of civilian marksmanship.
Sec. 373. Assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
dependents of members of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense 
civilian employees.
Sec. 374. Budget information on Department of Defense recruiting 
expenditures.
Sec. 375. Revision of authorities on National Security Education Trust 
Fund.
Sec. 376. Annual assessment of force readiness.
Sec. 377. Reports on transfers of certain funds.
Sec. 378. Report on replacement sites for Army Reserve Facility in 
Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Temporary variation of end strength limitations for Marine 
Corps majors and lieutenant colonels.
Sec. 403. Army end strength.
Sec. 404. Report on end strengths necessary to meet levels assumed in 
Bottom Up Review.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
Reserves.
Sec. 413. Increase in number of members in certain grades authorized to 
be on active duty in support of the Reserves.
Sec. 414. Force structure allowance for Army National Guard.
Sec. 415. Personnel level for Navy Craft of Opportunity (COOP) Program.

               Subtitle C--Military Training Student Loads

Sec. 421. Authorization of training student loads.

               Subtitle D--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 431. Authorization of appropriations for military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                      Subtitle A--Active Components

Sec. 501. Years of service for eligibility for separation pay for 
regular officers involuntarily discharged.
Sec. 502. Expansion of eligibility for Voluntary Separation Incentive 
and Special Separation Benefits programs.
Sec. 503. Members eligibile for involuntary separation benefits.
Sec. 504. Temporary authority for involuntary separation of certain 
regular warrant officers.
Sec. 505. Determination of service for warrant officer retirement 
sanctuary.
Sec. 506. Officers ineligible for consideration by early retirement 
boards.
Sec. 507. Remedy for ineffective counseling of officers discharged 
following selection by early discharge boards.
Sec. 508. Two-year extension of authority for temporary promotions of 
certain Navy lieutenants.
Sec. 509. Award of constructive service credit for advanced education in 
a health profession upon original appointment as an officer.
Sec. 510. Original appointment as regular officers of certain reserve 
officers in health professions.

                     Subtitle B--Reserve Components

Sec. 511. Exception for health care providers to requirement for 12 
weeks of basic training before assignment outside United States.
Sec. 512. Number of full-time reserve personnel who may be assigned to 
ROTC duty.
Sec. 513. Repeal of mandated reduction in Army Reserve component full-
time manning end strength.
Sec. 514. Two-year extension of certain reserve officer management 
authorities.
Sec. 515. Active component support for reserve training.
Sec. 516. Test program for Reserve Combat Maneuver Unit integration.
Sec. 517. Revisions to pilot program for active component support of the 
reserves.
Sec. 518. Educational assistance for graduate programs for members of 
the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 519. Frequency of physical examinations of members of the Ready 
Reserve.
Sec. 520. Revision of certain deadlines under Army National Guard Combat 
Readiness Reform Act.
Sec. 521. Annual report on implementation of Army National Guard Combat 
Readiness Reform Act.
Sec. 522. FFRDC study of State and Federal missions of the National 
Guard.
Sec. 523. Consistency of treatment of National Guard technicians and 
other members of the National Guard.
Sec. 524. National Guard management initiatives.

                      Subtitle C--Service Academies

Sec. 531. Congressional nominations.
Sec. 532. Technical amendment related to change in nature of commission 
of service academy graduates.
Sec. 533. Management of civilian faculty at Military and Air Force 
Academies.
Sec. 534. Evaluation of requirement that officers and civilian faculty 
members report violations of Naval Academy regulations.
Sec. 535. Prohibition of transfer of Naval Academy Preparatory School.
Sec. 536. Test program to evaluate use of private preparatory schools 
for service academy preparatory school mission.

                    Subtitle D--Women in the Service

Sec. 541. Repeal of the statutory restriction on the assignment of women 
in the Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Notice to Congress of proposed changes in combat assignments 
to which female members may be assigned.
Sec. 543. Gender-neutral occupational performance standards.

             Subtitle E--Victims' Rights and Family Advocacy

Sec. 551. Responsibilities of military law enforcement officials at 
scenes of domestic violence.
Sec. 552. Improved procedures for notification of victims and witnesses 
of status of prisoners in military correctional facilities.
Sec. 553. Study of stalking by persons subject to UCMJ.
Sec. 554. Transitional compensation for dependents of members of the 
Armed Forces discharged for dependent abuse.
Sec. 555. Clarification of eligibility for benefits for dependent 
victims of abuse by members of the Armed Forces pending loss of retired 
pay.

                 Subtitle F--Force Reduction Transition

Sec. 561. Extension through fiscal year 1999 of certain force draw-down 
transition authorities relating to personnel management and benefits.
Sec. 562. Retention in an active status of enlisted Reserves with 
between 18 and 20 years of service.
Sec. 563. Authority to order early Reserve retirees to active duty.
Sec. 564. Applicability to Coast Guard Reserve of certain reserve 
components transition initiatives.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 571. Policy concerning homosexuality in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 572. Change in timing of required drug and alcohol testing and 
evaluationP of applicants for appointment as cadet or midshipman and for 
ROTC graduates.
Sec. 573. Reimbursement requirements for advanced education assistance.
Sec. 574. Recognition by States of military powers of attorney.
Sec. 575. Foreign language proficiency test program.
Sec. 576. Clarification of punitive UCMJ article regarding drunken 
driving.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Military pay raise for fiscal year 1994.
Sec. 602. Continuation of rate of basic pay applicable to certain 
members with over 24 years of service.
Sec. 603. Pay for students at service academy preparatory schools.
Sec. 604. Variable housing allowance for certain members who are 
required to pay child support and who are assigned to sea duty.
Sec. 605. Evacuation advance pay.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. Extension of authority for bonuses and special pay for nurse 
officer candidates, registered nurses, and nurse anesthetists.
Sec. 612. Extension and modification of certain bonuses for reserve 
forces.
Sec. 613. Extension of authority relating to payment of other bonuses 
and special pays.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Reimbursement of temporary lodging expenses.
Sec. 622. Payment of losses incurred or collection of gains realized due 
to fluctuations in foreign currency in connection with housing members 
in private housing abroad.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Revision of definition of dependents for purposes of 
allowances.
Sec. 632. Clarification of eligibility for tuition assistance.
Sec. 633. Sense of Congress regarding the provision of excess leave and 
permissive temporary duty for members from outside the continental 
United States.
Sec. 634. Special pay for certain disabled members.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

                    Subtitle A--Health Care Services

Sec. 701. Primary and preventive health care services for women.
Sec. 702. Revision of definition of dependents for purposes of health 
benefits.
Sec. 703. Authorization to expand enrollment in the dependents' dental 
program to certain members returning from overseas assignments.
Sec. 704. Authorization to apply section 1079 payment rules for the 
spouse and children of a member who dies while on active duty.

  Subtitle B--Changes to Existing Laws Regarding Health Care Management

Sec. 711. Codification of CHAMPUS Peer Review Organization program 
procedures.
Sec. 712. Increased flexibility for personal service contracts in 
military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Expansion of the program for the collection of health care 
costs from third-party payers.
Sec. 714. Alternative resource allocation method for medical facilities 
of the uniformed services.
Sec. 715. Federal preemption regarding contracts for medical and dental 
care.
Sec. 716. Specialized treatment facility program authority and issuance 
of nonavailability of health care statements.
Sec. 717. Delay of termination authority regarding status of certain 
facilities as Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities.
Sec. 718. Managed-care delivery and reimbursement model for the 
Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities.
Sec. 719. Flexible deadline for continuation of CHAMPUS reform 
initiative in Hawaii and California.
Sec. 720. Clarification of conditions on expansion of CHAMPUS reform 
initiative to other locations.
Sec. 721. Report regarding demonstration programs for the sale of 
pharmaceuticals.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 731. Use of health maintenance organization model as option for 
military health care.
Sec. 732. Clarification of authority for graduate student program of the 
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 733. Authority for the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology to 
obtain additional distinguished pathologists and scientists.
Sec. 734. Authorization for automated medical record capability to be 
included in medical information system.
Sec. 735. Report on the provision of primary and preventive health care 
services for women.
Sec. 736. Independent study of conduct of medical study by Arctic 
Aeromedical Laboratory, Ladd Air Force Base, Alaska.
Sec. 737. Availability of report regarding the CHAMPUS chiropractic 
demonstration.
Sec. 738. Sense of Congress regarding the provision of adequate medical 
care to covered beneficiaries under the military medical system.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

 Subtitle A--Defense Technology and Industrial Base, Reinvestment, and 
                               Conversion

Sec. 801. Industrial Preparedness Manufacturing Technology Program.
Sec. 802. University Research Initiative Support Program.
Sec. 803. Operating Committee of the Critical Technologies Institute.

               Subtitle B--Acquisition Assistance Programs

Sec. 811. Contract goal for disadvantaged small businesses and certain 
institutions of higher education.
Sec. 812. Procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 813. Pilot Mentor-Protege Program funding and improvements.

    Subtitle C--Provisions to Revise and Consolidate Certain Defense 
                            Acquisition Laws

Sec. 821. Repeal and amendment of obsolete, redundant, or otherwise 
unnecessary laws applicable to Department of Defense generally.
Sec. 822. Extension to Department of Defense generally of certain 
acquisition laws applicable to the Army and Air Force.
Sec. 823. Repeal of certain acquisition laws applicable to the Army and 
Air Force.
Sec. 824. Consolidation, repeal, and amendment of certain acquisition 
laws applicable to the Navy.
Sec. 825. Additional authority to contract for fuel storage and 
management.
Sec. 826. Additional authority relating to the acquisition of petroleum 
and natural gas.
Sec. 827. Amendment of research authorities.
Sec. 828. Technical and clerical amendments relating to acquisition 
laws.

             Subtitle D--Defense Acquisition Pilot Programs

Sec. 831. Reference to Defense Acquisition Pilot Program.
Sec. 832. Defense Acquisition Pilot Program amendments.
Sec. 833. Mission oriented program management.
Sec. 834. Savings objectives.
Sec. 835. Program phases and phase funding.
Sec. 836. Program work force policies.
Sec. 837. Efficient contracting processes.
Sec. 838. Contract administration: performance based contract 
management.
Sec. 839. Contractor performance assessment.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 841. Reimbursement of indirect costs of institutions of higher 
education under Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 842. Prohibition on award of certain Department of Defense and 
Department of Energy contracts to entities controlled by a foreign 
government.
Sec. 843. Reports by defense contractors of dealings with terrorist 
countries.
Sec. 844. Department of Defense purchases through other agencies.
Sec. 845. Authority of the Advanced Research Projects Agency to carry 
out certain prototype projects.
Sec. 846. Improvement of pricing policies for use of major range and 
test facility installations of the military departments.
Sec. 847. Contract bundling.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on competition between Department of Defense and 
small businesses for certain maintenance contracts.
Sec. 849. Buy American provisions.
Sec. 850. Clarification to Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration 
Program Act.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

             Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense

Sec. 901. Enhanced position for Comptroller of Department of Defense.
Sec. 902. Additional responsibilities of the Comptroller.
Sec. 903. New position of Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness.
Sec. 904. Redesignation of positions of Under Secretary and Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition.
Sec. 905. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Legislative Affairs.
Sec. 906. Further conforming amendments to chapter 4 of title 10, United 
States Code.
Sec. 907. Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

               Subtitle B--Professional Military Education

Sec. 921. Congressional findings concerning professional military 
education schools.
Sec. 922. Authority for award by National Defense University of certain 
master of science degrees.
Sec. 923. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at George C. 
Marshall European Center for Security Studies.

               Subtitle C--Joint Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 931. Revision of Goldwater-Nichols requirement of service in a 
joint duty assignment before promotion to general or flag grade.
Sec. 932. Joint duty credit for certain duty performed during Operations 
Desert Shield and Desert Storm.
Sec. 933. Flexibility for required post-education joint duty assignment.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Army Reserve Command.
Sec. 942. Flexibility in administering requirement for annual four 
percent reduction in number of personnel assigned to headquarters and 
headquarters support activities.
Sec. 943. Report on Department of Defense Bottom Up Review.
Sec. 944. Repeal of termination of requirement for a Director of 
Expeditionary Warfare in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
Sec. 945. CINC Initiative Fund.

    Subtitle E--Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces

Sec. 951. Findings.
Sec. 952. Establishment of Commission.
Sec. 953. Duties of Commission.
Sec. 954. Reports.
Sec. 955. Powers.
Sec. 956. Commission procedures.
Sec. 957. Personnel matters.
Sec. 958. Miscellaneous administrative provisions.
Sec. 959. Payment of Commission expenses.
Sec. 960. Termination of the Commission.

                    TITLE X--ENVIRONMENTAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 1001. Annual environmental reports.
Sec. 1002. Indemnification of transferees of closing defense property 
for releases of petroleum and petroleum derivatives.
Sec. 1003. Shipboard plastic and solid waste control.
Sec. 1004. Extension of applicability period for reimbursement for 
certain liabilities arising under hazardous waste contracts.
Sec. 1005. Prohibition on the purchase of surety bonds and other 
guaranties for the Department of Defense.

                      TITLE XI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1101. Transfer authority.
Sec. 1102. Clarification of scope of authorizations.
Sec. 1103. Incorporation of classified annex.
Sec. 1104. Revision of date for submittal of joint report on scoring of 
budget outlays.
Sec. 1105. Comptroller General audits of acceptance by Department of 
Defense of property, services, and contributions.
Sec. 1106. Limitation on transferring defense funds to other departments 
and agencies.
Sec. 1107. Sense of Congress concerning defense budget process.
Sec. 1108. Funding structure for contingency operations.

           Subtitle B--Fiscal Year 1993 Authorization Matters

Sec. 1111. Authority for obligation of certain unauthorized fiscal year 
1993 defense appropriations.
Sec. 1112. Obligation of certain appropriations.
Sec. 1113. Supplemental authorization of appropriations for fiscal year 
1993.

                   Subtitle C--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1121. Department of Defense support for counter-drug activities of 
other agencies.
Sec. 1122. Requirement to establish procedures for State and local 
governments to buy law enforcement equipment suitable for counter-drug 
activities through the Department of Defense.

           Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Reserve Components

Sec. 1131. Review of Air Force plans to transfer heavy bombers to 
reserve components units.

                   Subtitle E--Awards and Decorations

Sec. 1141. Award of purple heart to members killed or wounded in action 
by friendly fire.
Sec. 1142. Sense of Congress relating to award of the Navy Expeditionary 
Medal to Navy members supporting Doolittle Raid on Tokyo.
Sec. 1143. Award of gold star lapel buttons to survivors of service 
members killed by terrorist acts.

          Subtitle F--Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements

Sec. 1151. Termination of Department of Defense reporting requirements 
determined by Secretary of Defense to be unnecessary or incompatible 
with efficient management of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1152. Reports relating to certain special access programs and 
similar programs.
Sec. 1153. Identification of service in Vietnam in the computerized 
index of the National Personnel Records Center.
Sec. 1154. Report on personnel requirements for control of transfer of 
certain weapons.
Sec. 1155. Report on food supply and distribution practices of the 
Department of Defense.

    Subtitle G--Congressional Findings, Policies, Commendations, and 
                             Commemorations

Sec. 1161. Sense of Congress regarding justification for continuing the 
Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) communication system.
Sec. 1162. Sense of Congress regarding the importance of naval 
oceanographic survey and research in the post-cold war period.
Sec. 1163. Sense of Congress regarding United States policy on 
plutonium.
Sec. 1164. Sense of Senate on entry into the United States of certain 
former members of the Iraqi armed forces.
Sec. 1165. U.S.S. Indianapolis Memorial, Indianapolis, Indiana.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1171. Procedures for handling war booty.
Sec. 1172. Basing for C-130 aircraft.
Sec. 1173. Transportation of cargoes by water.
Sec. 1174. Modification of authority to conduct National Guard Civilian 
Youth Opportunities Program.
Sec. 1175. Effective date for changes in Servicemen's Group Life 
Insurance Program.
Sec. 1176. Eligibility of former prisoners of war for burial in 
Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1177. Redesignation of Hanford Arid Lands Ecology Reserve.
Sec. 1178. Aviation Leadership Program.
Sec. 1179. Administrative improvements in the Goldwater Scholarship and 
Excellence in Education Program.
Sec. 1180. Transfer of obsolete destroyer tender Yosemite.
Sec. 1181. Transfer of obsolete heavy cruiser U.S.S. Salem.
Sec. 1182. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1183. Security clearances for civilian employees.
Sec. 1184. Videotaping of investigative interviews.
Sec. 1185. Investigations of deaths of members of the Armed Forces from 
self-inflicted causes.
Sec. 1186. Export loan guarantees.

  TITLE XII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION WITH STATES OF FORMER SOVIET 
                                  UNION

Sec. 1201. Short title.
Sec. 1202. Findings on cooperative threat reduction.
Sec. 1203. Authority for programs to facilitate cooperative threat 
reduction.
Sec. 1204. Demilitarization Enterprise Fund.
Sec. 1205. Funding for fiscal year 1994.
Sec. 1206. Prior notice to Congress of obligation of funds.
Sec. 1207. Semiannual report.
Sec. 1208. Appropriate congressional committees defined.
Sec. 1209. Authorization for additional fiscal year 1993 assistance to 
the independent states of the former Soviet Union.

 TITLE XIII--DEFENSE CONVERSION, REINVESTMENT, AND TRANSITION ASSISTANCE

Sec. 1301. Short title.
Sec. 1302. Funding of defense conversion, reinvestment, and transition 
assistance programs for fiscal year 1994.
Sec. 1303. Reports on defense conversion, reinvestment, and transition 
assistance programs.

      Subtitle A--Defense Technology and Industrial Base, Defense 
                  Reinvestment, and Defense Conversion

Sec. 1311. Funding of defense dual-use partnerships program for fiscal 
year 1994.
Sec. 1312. Defense technology and industrial base, reinvestment, and 
conversion planning.
Sec. 1313. Congressional defense policy concerning defense technology 
and industrial base, reinvestment, and conversion.
Sec. 1314. Expansion of businesses eligible for loan guarantees under 
the defense dual-use assistance extension program.
Sec. 1315. Consistency in financial commitment requirements of non-
Federal Government participants in technology reinvestment projects.
Sec. 1316. Additional criteria for the selection of regional technology 
alliances.
Sec. 1317. Conditions on funding of defense technology reinvestment 
projects.

        Subtitle B--Community Adjustment and Assistance Programs

Sec. 1321. Adjustment and diversification assistance for States and 
local governments from the Office of Economic Adjustment.
Sec. 1322. Assistance for communities adversely affected by catastrophic 
or multiple base closures or realignments.
Sec. 1323. Continuation of pilot project to improve economic adjustment 
planning.

   Subtitle C--Personnel Adjustment, Education, and Training Programs

Sec. 1331. Continuation of teacher and teacher's aide placement 
programs.
Sec. 1332. Programs to place separated members in employment positions 
with law enforcement agencies and health care providers.
Sec. 1333. Grants to institutions of higher education to provide 
education and training in environmental restoration to dislocated 
defense workers and young adults.
Sec. 1334. Environmental education opportunities program.
Sec. 1335. Training and employment of Department of Defense employees to 
carry out environmental restoration at military installations to be 
closed.
Sec. 1336. Revision to improvements to employment and training 
assistance for dislocated workers.
Sec. 1337. Demonstration program for the training of recently discharged 
veterans for employment in construction and in hazardous waste 
remediation.
Sec. 1338. Service members occupational conversion and training.
Sec. 1339. Amendments to defense diversification program under Job 
Training Partnership Act.

              Subtitle D--National Shipbuilding Initiative

Sec. 1351. Short title.
Sec. 1352. National Shipbuilding Initiative.
Sec. 1353. Department of Defense program management through Advanced 
Research Projects Agency.
Sec. 1354. Advanced Research Projects Agency functions and minimum 
financial commitment of non-Federal Government participants.
Sec. 1355. Authority for Secretary of Transportation to make loan 
guarantees.
Sec. 1356. Loan guarantees for export vessels.
Sec. 1357. Loan guarantees for shipyard modernization and improvement.
Sec. 1358. Eligible shipyards.
Sec. 1359. Funding for certain loan guarantee commitments for fiscal 
year 1994.
Sec. 1360. Court sale to enforce preferred mortgage liens for export 
vessels.
Sec. 1361. Authorizations of appropriations.
Sec. 1362. Regulations.
Sec. 1363. Shipyard conversion and reuse studies.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1371. Encouragement of the purchase or lease of vehicles producing 
zero or very low exhaust emissions.
Sec. 1372. Revision to requirements for notice to contractors upon 
pending or actual termination of defense programs.
Sec. 1373. Regional retraining services clearinghouses.
Sec. 1374. Use of naval installations to provide employment training to 
nonviolent offenders in State penal systems.

         TITLE XIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ALLIES AND OTHER NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Defense Burden Sharing

Sec. 1401. Defense burdens and responsibilities.
Sec. 1402. Burden sharing contributions from designated countries and 
regional organizations.

             Subtitle B--North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Sec. 1411. Findings, sense of Congress, and report requirement 
concerning North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1412. Modification of certain report requirements.
Sec. 1413. Permanent authority to carry out AWACS memoranda of 
understanding.

                 Subtitle C--Export of Defense Articles

Sec. 1421. Extension of authority for certain foreign governments to 
receive excess defense articles.
Sec. 1422. Report on effect of increased use of dual-use technologies on 
ability to control exports.
Sec. 1423. Extension of landmine export moratorium.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Codification of provision relating to Overseas Workload 
Program.
Sec. 1432. American diplomatic facilities in Germany.
Sec. 1433. Consent of Congress to service by retired members in military 
forces of newly democratic nations.
Sec. 1434. Semiannual report on efforts to seek compensation from 
Government of Peru for death and wounding of certain United States 
servicemen.

    TITLE XV--INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING AND HUMANITARIAN ACTIVITIES

                    Subtitle A--Assistance Activities

Sec. 1501. General authorization of support for international 
peacekeeping activities.
Sec. 1502. Report on multinational peacekeeping and peace enforcement.
Sec. 1503. Military-to-military contact.
Sec. 1504. Humanitarian and civic assistance.

            Subtitle B--Policies Regarding Specific Countries

Sec. 1511. Sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro.
Sec. 1512. Involvement of Armed Forces in Somalia.

                     TITLE XVI--ARMS CONTROL MATTERS

    Subtitle A--Programs in Support of the Prevention and Control of 
              Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Sec. 1601. Study of global proliferation of strategic and advanced 
conventional military weapons and related equipment and technology.
Sec. 1602. Extension of existing authorities.
Sec. 1603. Studies relating to United States counterproliferation 
policy.
Sec. 1604. Sense of Congress regarding United States capabilities to 
prevent and counter weapons proliferation.
Sec. 1605. Joint Committee for Review of Proliferation Programs of the 
United States.
Sec. 1606. Report on nonproliferation and counterproliferation 
activities and programs.
Sec. 1607. Definitions.

          Subtitle B--International Nonproliferation Activities

Sec. 1611. Nuclear nonproliferation.
Sec. 1612. Condition on assistance to Russia for construction of 
plutonium storage facility.
Sec. 1613. North Korea and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of 
Nuclear Weapons.
Sec. 1614. Sense of Congress relating to the proliferation of space 
launch vehicle technologies.

           TITLE XVII--CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS DEFENSE

Sec. 1701. Conduct of the chemical and biological defense program.
Sec. 1702. Consolidation of chemical and biological defense training 
activities.
Sec. 1703. Annual report on chemical and biological warfare defense.
Sec. 1704. Sense of Congress concerning Federal emergency planning for 
response to terrorist threats.
Sec. 1705. Agreements to provide support to vaccination programs of 
Department of Health and Human Services.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.

                             TITLE XXI--ARMY

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Termination of authority to carry out certain projects.
Sec. 2106. Construction of chemical munitions disposal facilities.

                            TITLE XXII--NAVY

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Termination of authority to carry out certain projects.

                         TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Termination of authority to carry out certain projects.
Sec. 2306. Relocation of Air Force activities from Sierra Army Depot, 
California, to Beale Air Force Base, California.
Sec. 2307. Combat arms training and maintenance facility relocation from 
Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii, to United States Army Schofield Barracks 
Open Range, Hawaii.
Sec. 2308. Authority to transfer funds as part of the improvement of 
Dysart Channel, Luke Air Force Base, Arizona.
Sec. 2309. Authority to transfer funds for school construction for 
Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.
Sec. 2310. Transfer of funds for construction of family housing, Scott 
Air Force Base, Illinois.
Sec. 2311. Increase in authorized unit cost for certain family housing, 
Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.

                      TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
projects.
Sec. 2402. Energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Termination of authority to carry out certain projects.

      TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION INFRASTRUCTURE

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Guard and Reserve construction and land 
acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Reduction in amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
Reserve military construction projects.
Sec. 2603. United States Army Reserve Command headquarters facility.
Sec. 2604. Limitation on total cost of construction projects.

         TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2701. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
specified by law.
Sec. 2702. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 1991 
projects.
Sec. 2703. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 1990 
projects.
Sec. 2704. Effective date.

                    TITLE XXVIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                 Changes

Sec. 2801. Military family housing leasing programs.
Sec. 2802. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
production facilities.
Sec. 2803. Authority for military departments to participate in water 
conservation programs.
Sec. 2804. Clarification of energy conservation measures for the 
Department of Defense.

Sec. 2805. Authority to acquire existing facilities in lieu of carrying 
out construction authorized by law.
Sec. 2806. Clarification of participation in Department of State housing 
pools.
Sec. 2807. Extension of authority to lease real property for special 
operations activities.

                 Subtitle B--Land Transactions Generally

Sec. 2811. Land conveyance, Broward County, Florida.
Sec. 2812. Land conveyance, Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia.
Sec. 2813. Land conveyance, Craney Island Fuel Depot, Naval Supply 
Center, Virginia.
Sec. 2814. Land conveyance, Portsmouth, Virginia.
Sec. 2815. Land conveyance, Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Iowa.
Sec. 2816. Land conveyance, Radar Bomb Scoring Site, Conrad, Montana.
Sec. 2817. Land conveyance, Charleston, South Carolina.
Sec. 2818. Land conveyance, Fort Missoula, Montana.
Sec. 2819. Land acquisition, Navy Large Cavitation Channel, Memphis, 
Tennessee.
Sec. 2820. Release of reversionary interest, Old Spanish Trail Armory, 
Harris County, Texas.
Sec. 2821. Grant of easement, West Loch Branch, Naval Magazine 
Lualualei, Hawaii.
Sec. 2822. Review of proposed land exchange, Fort Sheridan, Illinois, 
and Arlington County, Virginia.

       Subtitle C--Changes to Existing Land Transaction Authority

Sec. 2831. Modification of land conveyance, New London, Connecticut.
Sec. 2832. Modification of termination of lease and sale of facilities, 
Naval Reserve Center, Atlanta, Georgia.
Sec. 2833. Modification of lease authority, Naval Supply Center, 
Oakland, California.
Sec. 2834. Expansion of land transaction authority involving Hunters 
Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, California.

            Subtitle D--Land Transactions Involving Utilities

Sec. 2841. Conveyance of natural gas distribution system, Fort Belvoir, 
Virginia.
Sec. 2842. Conveyance of water distribution system, Fort Lee, Virginia.
Sec. 2843. Conveyance of waste water treatment facility, Fort Pickett, 
Virginia.
Sec. 2844. Conveyance of water distribution system and reservoir, 
Stewart Army Subpost, New York.
Sec. 2845. Conveyance of electric power distribution system, Naval Air 
Station, Alameda, California.
Sec. 2846. Conveyance of electricity distribution system, Fort Dix, New 
Jersey.
Sec. 2847. Lease and joint use of certain real property, Marine Corps 
Base, Camp Pendleton, California.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 2851. Conveyance of real property at missile sites to adjacent 
landowners.
Sec. 2852. Prohibition on use of funds for planning and design of 
Department of Defense vaccine production facility.
Sec. 2853. Grant relating to elementary school for dependents of 
Department of Defense personnel, Fort Belvoir, Virginia.
Sec. 2854. Allotment of space in Federal buildings to credit unions.
Sec. 2855. Flood control project for Coyote and Berryessa Creeks, 
California.
Sec. 2856. Restrictions on land transactions relating to the Presidio of 
San Francisco, California.

            TITLE XXIX--DEFENSE BASE CLOSURE AND REALIGNMENT

              Subtitle A--Base Closure Community Assistance

Sec. 2901. Findings.
Sec. 2902. Prohibition on transfer of certain property located at 
military installations to be closed.
Sec. 2903. Authority to transfer property at closed installations to 
affected communities and States.
Sec. 2904. Expedited determination of transferability of excess property 
of installations to be closed.
Sec. 2905. Availability of property for assisting the homeless.
Sec. 2906. Authority to lease certain property at installations to be 
closed.
Sec. 2907. Authority to contract for certain services at installations 
being closed.
Sec. 2908. Authority to transfer property at military installations to 
be closed to persons paying the cost of environmental restoration 
activities on the property.
Sec. 2909. Sense of Congress on availability of surplus military 
equipment.
Sec. 2910. Identification of uncontaminated property at installations to 
be closed.
Sec. 2911. Compliance with certain environmental requirements relating 
to closure of installations.
Sec. 2912. Preference for local and small businesses.
Sec. 2913. Consideration of applications of affected States and 
communities for assistance.
Sec. 2914. Clarification of utilization of funds for community economic 
adjustment assistance.
Sec. 2915. Transition coordinators for assistance to communities 
affected by the closure of installations.
Sec. 2916. Sense of Congress on seminars on reuse or redevelopment of 
property at installations to be closed.
Sec. 2917. Feasibility study on assisting local communities affected by 
the closure or realignment of military installations.
Sec. 2918. Definitions.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2921. Base closure account management flexibility.
Sec. 2922. Limitation on expenditure of funds from the Defense Base 
Closure Account 1990 for military construction in support of transfers 
of functions.
Sec. 2923. Modification of requirement for reports on activities under 
the Defense Base Closure Account 1990.
Sec. 2924. Residual value of overseas installations being closed.
Sec. 2925. Sense of Congress on development of base closure criteria.
Sec. 2926. Information relating to recommendations for the closure or 
realignment of military installations.
Sec. 2927. Public purpose extensions.

Sec. 2928. Expansion of conveyance authority regarding financial 
facilities on closed military installations to include all depository 
institutions.
Sec. 2929. Electric power allocation and economic development at certain 
military installations to be closed in the State of California.
Sec. 2930. Testimony before Defense Base Closure and Realignment 
Commission.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

          Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. Weapons activities.
Sec. 3102. Environmental restoration and waste management.
Sec. 3103. Nuclear materials support and other defense programs.
Sec. 3104. Defense nuclear waste disposal.

                Subtitle B--Recurring General Provisions

Sec. 3121. Reprogramming.
Sec. 3122. Limits on general plant projects.
Sec. 3123. Limits on construction projects.
Sec. 3124. Fund transfer authority.
Sec. 3125. Authority for construction design.
Sec. 3126. Authority for emergency planning, design, and construction 
activities.
Sec. 3127. Funds available for all national security programs of the 
Department of Energy.
Sec. 3128. Availability of funds.

    Subtitle C--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3131. Defense inertial confinement fusion program.
Sec. 3132. Payment of penalty assessed against Hanford project.
Sec. 3133. Water management programs.
Sec. 3134. Technology transfer.
Sec. 3135. Technology transfer and economic development activities for 
communities surrounding Savannah River Site.
Sec. 3136. Prohibition on research and development of low-yield nuclear 
weapons.
Sec. 3137. Testing of nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3138. Stockpile stewardship program.
Sec. 3139. National security programs.
Sec. 3140. Expended core facility dry cell.
Sec. 3141. Scholarship and fellowship program for environmental 
restoration and waste management.
Sec. 3142. Hazardous materials management and hazardous materials 
emergency response training program.
Sec. 3143. Worker health and protection.
Sec. 3144. Verification and control technology.
Sec. 3145. Tritium production requirements.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3151. Limitations on the receipt and storage of spent nuclear fuel 
from foreign research reactors.
Sec. 3152. Extension of review of waste isolation pilot plant in New 
Mexico.
Sec. 3153. Baseline environmental management reports.
Sec. 3154. Lease of property at Department of Energy weapon production 
facilities.
Sec. 3155. Authority to transfer certain Department of Energy property.
Sec. 3156. Improved congressional oversight of Department of Energy 
special access programs.
Sec. 3157. Reauthorization and expansion of authority to loan personnel 
and facilities.
Sec. 3158. Modification of payment provision.
Sec. 3159. Contract goal for small disadvantaged businesses and certain 
institutions of higher education.
Sec. 3160. Amendments to Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 
1980.
Sec. 3161. Conflict of interest provisions for Department of Energy 
employees.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Requirement for transmittal to Congress of certain 
information prepared by Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                TITLE XXXIII--NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE

        Subtitle A--Authorizations of Disposals and Use of Funds

Sec. 3301. Disposal of obsolete and excess materials contained in the 
National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 3302. Authorized uses of stockpile funds.
Sec. 3303. Revision of authority to dispose of certain materials 
authorized for disposal in fiscal year 1993.
Sec. 3304. Conversion of chromium ore to high purity chromium metal.

                    Subtitle B--Programmatic Changes

Sec. 3311. Stockpiling principles.
Sec. 3312. Modification of notice and wait requirements for deviations 
from annual materials plan.
Sec. 3313. Additional authorized uses of the National Defense Stockpile 
Transaction Fund.
Sec. 3314. National emergency planning assumptions for biennial report 
on stockpile requirements.

                       TITLE XXXIV--CIVIL DEFENSE

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3402. Modernization of the civil defense system.

                   TITLE XXXV--PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION

Sec. 3501. Short title.
Sec. 3502. Authorization of expenditures.
Sec. 3503. Expenditures in accordance with other laws.
Sec. 3504. Employment of commission employees by the Government of 
Panama.
Sec. 3505. Labor-management relations.
Sec. 3506. Effective date.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES DEFINED.

    For purposes of this Act, the term ``congressional defense 
committees'' means the Committees on Armed Services and the Committees 
on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT
               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. ARMY.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for procurement for the Army as follows:
        (1) For aircraft, $1,338,351,000.
        (2) For missiles, $1,081,515,000.
        (3) For weapons and tracked combat vehicles, $886,717,000.
        (4) For ammunition, $619,668,000.
        (5) For other procurement, $2,992,077,000.
SEC. 102. NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Navy.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 1994 for procurement for the Navy as follows:
        (1) For aircraft, $5,793,157,000.
        (2) For weapons, including missiles and torpedoes, 
    $2,986,965,000.
        (3) For shipbuilding and conversion, $4,265,102,000.
        (4) For other procurement, $2,953,605,000.
    (b) Marine Corps.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 1994 for procurement for the Marine Corps in the amount 
of $483,621,000.
SEC. 103. AIR FORCE. 
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for procurement for the Air Force as follows:
        (1) For aircraft, $7,013,938,000.
        (2) For missiles, $3,582,743,000.
        (3) For other procurement, $7,524,608,000.
SEC. 104. DEFENSE-WIDE ACTIVITIES. 
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for Defense-wide procurement in the amount of $3,050,748,000.
SEC. 105. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for procurement for the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
in the amount of $800,000.
SEC. 106. RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 for procurement of aircraft, 
vehicles, communications equipment, and other equipment for the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces as follows:
        (1) For the Army National Guard, $210,000,000.
        (2) For the Air National Guard, $260,000,000.
        (3) For the Army Reserve, $50,000,000.
        (4) For the Naval Reserve, $60,000,000.
        (5) For the Air Force Reserve, $250,000,000.
        (6) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $35,000,000.
        (7) For reserve components simulation equipment, $75,000,000.
        (8) For National Guard aircraft replacement and modernization, 
    $50,000,000.
    (b) Multiple-Launch Rocket System.--Of the total number of Multiple-
Launch Rocket System units acquired with funds appropriated pursuant to 
the authorization of appropriations in section 101 for the Army, the 
Secretary of the Army shall ensure that one battalion set shall be 
authorized for and made available to the Army National Guard.

SEC. 107. CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Authorization.--There is hereby authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 1994 the amount of $379,561,000 for--
        (1) the destruction of lethal chemical agents and munitions in 
    accordance with section 1412 of the Department of Defense 
    Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
        (2) the destruction of chemical warfare material of the United 
    States that is not covered by section 1412 of such Act.
    (b) Limitation.--Of the funds specified in subsection (a)--
        (1) $280,361,000 is for operations and maintenance;
        (2) $72,600,000 is for procurement; and
        (3) $26,600,000 is for research and development efforts in 
    support of the nonstockpile chemical weapons program.
    (c) Clarification of Cooperative Agreement Authority.--Subsection 
(c)(3) of section 1412 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 
1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521), is amended by striking out ``and approving'' in 
the third sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``, approving, and 
overseeing''.

SEC. 108. NATIONAL SHIPBUILDING INITIATIVE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 for the National Shipbuilding 
Initiative under subtitle D of title XIII in the amount of $147,000,000.
    (b) Availability for Obligation.--Funds appropriated pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall not be available for obligation for loan guarantees 
after September 30, 1997.

SEC. 109. DENIAL OF MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORIZATION.

    The Secretary of the Navy may not enter into a multiyear procurement 
contract under section 2306(h) of title 10, United States Code, for the 
F/A-18C/D aircraft program.
                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. PROCUREMENT OF HELICOPTERS.

    (a) AH-64 Apache Aircraft.--The prohibition in section 132(a)(2) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 
(Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1382) does not apply to the obligation of 
funds in amounts not to exceed $150,000,000 for the procurement of not 
more than 10 AH-64 aircraft from funds appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
pursuant to section 101.
    (b) OH-58D AHIP Aircraft.--The prohibition in section 133(a)(2) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 
(Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1383) does not apply to the obligation of 
funds in amounts not to exceed $112,500,000 for the procurement of not 
more than 18 OH-58D AHIP Scout aircraft from funds appropriated for 
fiscal year 1994 pursuant to section 101.

SEC. 112. LIGHT UTILITY HELICOPTER MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Program Study.--The Secretary of the Army, in coordination with 
the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, shall conduct a thorough study 
of the requirements of the Army for light utility helicopter 
modernization. The study shall include considerations of life-cycle 
costs, capability requirements, and, if acquisition of new light 
helicopters is determined to be needed, an appropriate acquisition 
strategy, including full and open competition.
    (b) Requirement for Use of Competitive Procedures.--Funds may not be 
obligated for a light utility helicopter modernization program for a 
contractor selected through the use of acquisition procedures other than 
competitive procedures.
    (c) Limitation on Obligations.--No funds may be obligated for such a 
program until 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
submits to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth 
the recommendations of the Secretary for a light helicopter 
modernization program for the Army based upon the Secretary's review of 
the results of the study under subsection (a).

SEC. 113. NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE MASKS.

    Of the unobligated balance of the funds appropriated for the Army 
for fiscal year 1993 for other procurement, $9,300,000 shall be 
available, to the extent provided in appropriations Acts, for 
procurement of M40/M42 nuclear, biological, and chemical protective 
masks.

SEC. 114. CHEMICAL AGENT MONITORING PROGRAM.

    Funds appropriated for the Army for fiscal year 1993 for other 
procurement may not be obligated after the date of the enactment of this 
Act for the Improved Chemical Agent Monitor (ICAM) program.

SEC. 115. CLOSE COMBAT TACTICAL TRAINER QUICKSTART PROGRAM.

    Funds authorized to be appropriated for the Army for procurement for 
fiscal year 1994 by section 101 may be used for long lead procurement of 
component hardware items to accelerate the Close Combat Tactical Trainer 
Quickstart program.
                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. SEAWOLF ATTACK SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Certain Funds.--Except as provided in 
subsection (c), none of the funds described in subsection (b) may be 
obligated for Seawolf-class attack submarines other than for long-lead 
components for the vessel designated as SSN-23.
    (b) Funds Subject to Limitation.--Subsection (a) applies to any 
unobligated funds remaining on the date of the enactment of this Act 
from the amount of $540,200,000 originally appropriated for fiscal year 
1992 for the Seawolf-class attack submarine program and made available 
under Public Law 102-298 for the purposes of preserving the industrial 
base for submarine construction (as specified at page 27 of the report 
of the committee of conference to accompany the conference report on 
H.R. 4990 of the 102d Congress (House Report 102-530)).
    (c) Exception.--Subsection (a) does not prohibit the obligation of 
funds for settlement of claims arising from the termination for the 
convenience of the Government during fiscal year 1992 of contracts for 
Seawolf-class submarines or components of Seawolf-class submarines.

SEC. 122. TRIDENT II (D-5) MISSILE PROCUREMENT.

    (a) Production.--Of amounts appropriated pursuant to section 102 for 
procurement of weapons (including missiles and torpedoes) for the Navy 
for fiscal year 1994--
        (1) not more than $983,345,000 may be obligated for procurement 
    of Trident II (D-5) missiles; and
        (2) not more than $145,251,000 may be obligated for advance 
    procurement for production of D-5 missiles for a fiscal year after 
    fiscal year 1994.
    (b) Options for Achieving SLBM Warhead Limitations.--Not later than 
April 1, 1994, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
report on options available for achieving the limitations on submarine-
launched ballistic missile (SLBM) warheads imposed by the START II 
treaty at significantly reduced costs from the costs planned for fiscal 
year 1994. The report shall include an examination of the implications 
for those options of further reductions in the number of such warheads 
under further strategic arms reduction treaties.

SEC. 123. STUDY OF TRIDENT MISSILE SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees, not later than April 1, 1994, a report comparing (1) 
modifying Trident I submarines to enable those submarines to be deployed 
with D-5 missiles, with (2) retaining the Trident I (C-4) missile on the 
Trident I submarine. In preparing the report, the Secretary shall 
include considerations of cost effectiveness, force structure 
requirements, and future strategic flexibility of the Trident I and 
Trident II submarine programs.

SEC. 124. MK-48 ADCAP TORPEDO PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall terminate the 
MK-48 ADCAP torpedo program in accordance with this section.
    (2) Except as provided in subsection (b), funds appropriated or 
otherwise made available to the Department of Defense pursuant to this 
or any other Act may not be obligated for the procurement of MK-48 ADCAP 
torpedoes.
    (b) Exceptions.--(1) The prohibition in subsection (a)(2) does not 
apply to--
        (A) the modification of, or the acquisition of, spare or repair 
    parts for MK-48 ADCAP torpedoes described in paragraph (2);
        (B) completion of the procurement of MK-48 ADCAP torpedoes 
    described in paragraph (2)(B); and
        (C) the obligation of not more than $100,125,000 from funds made 
    available pursuant to section 102(a) for the procurement of 108 MK-
    48 ADCAP torpedoes and for payment of costs necessary to terminate 
    the MK-48 ADCAP procurement program.
    (2) The MK-48 ADCAP torpedoes referred to in paragraph (1)(A) are--
        (A) MK-48 ADCAP torpedoes acquired by the Navy on or before the 
    date of the enactment of this Act;
        (B) MK-48 ADCAP torpedoes for which funds, other than funds for 
    the procurement of long lead items and other advance procurement, 
    were obligated before the date of the enactment of this Act and 
    which are delivered to the Navy on or after that date; and
        (C) 108 MK-48 ADCAP torpedoes for which funds are available in 
    accordance with paragraph (1)(C).

SEC. 125. SSN ACOUSTICS MASTER PLAN.

    (a) Master Plan.--The funds described in subsection (b) may not be 
obligated until the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees a submarine acoustics master plan. The master plan 
shall include--
        (1) current requirements for submarine acoustic sensors and 
    combat systems based on existing and future evolving missions and 
    environment considerations;
        (2) a catalogue of existing and future sensors, technologies, 
    and programs and a description of their shortcomings relative to 
    current requirements;
        (3) technology application, program plans, and costs for 
    remedying shortcomings in submarine acoustic sensors and combat 
    systems identified under paragraph (2); and
        (4) a statement of the specific purposes for which the Navy 
    intends to obligate the funds described in subsection (b).
    (b) Funds Subject to Limitation.--Subsection (a) applies to 
$13,000,000 of the amount appropriated pursuant to section 102 for other 
procurement for the Navy that is available for submarine acoustics.
    SEC. 126. LONG-TERM LEASE OR CHARTER AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN DOUBLE-
      HULL TANKERS AND OCEANOGRAPHIC VESSELS.
    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a long-term 
lease or charter for any double-hull tanker or oceanographic vessel 
constructed in a United States shipyard after the date of the enactment 
of this Act using assistance provided under the National Shipbuilding 
Initiative.
    (b) Conditions on Obligation of Funds.--Unless budget authority is 
specifically provided in an appropriations Act for the lease or charter 
of vessels pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary may not enter into 
a contract for a lease or charter pursuant to that subsection unless the 
contract includes the following provisions:
        (1) A statement that the obligation of the United States to make 
    payments under the contract in any fiscal year is subject to 
    appropriations being provided specifically for that fiscal year and 
    specifically for that lease or charter or that kind of vessel lease 
    or charter.
        (2) A commitment to obligate the necessary amount for each 
    fiscal year covered by the contract when and to the extent that 
    funds are appropriated for that lease or charter, or that kind of 
    lease or charter, for that fiscal year.
        (3) A statement that such a commitment given under paragraph (2) 
    does not constitute an obligation of the United States.
    (c) Inapplicability of Certain Laws.--A long-term lease or charter 
authorized by subsection (a) may be entered into without regard to the 
provisions of section 2401 of title 10, United States Code, or section 
9081 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1990 (10 U.S.C. 
2401 note).
    (d) Definition.--For purposes of subsection (a), the term ``long-
term lease or charter'' has the meaning given that term in subparagraph 
(A) of section 2401(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 127. LONG-TERM LEASE OR CHARTER AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN ROLL-ON/
      ROLL-OFF VESSELS.
    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a long-term 
lease or charter for vessels described in subsection (b) without regard 
to the provisions of section 2401 of title 10, United States Code, or 
section 9081 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1990 (10 
U.S.C. 2401 note). The authority provided in the preceding sentence may 
not be exercised after June 15, 1995, to enter into a long-term lease or 
charter for a vessel described in subsection (b)(1).
    (b) Vessels Covered.--Subsection (a) applies to the following 
vessels which are required by the Department of the Navy for 
prepositioning aboard ship or related point-to-point service as follows:
        (1) Not more than five roll-on/roll-off (RO/RO) vessels which 
    were constructed before the date of the enactment of this Act and on 
    which, in the case of a vessel for which work is required to make 
    the vessel eligible for such service and for documentation under the 
    laws of the United States, such work is performed in a United States 
    shipyard.
        (2) Any roll-on/roll-off (RO/RO) vessel built after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act in a shipyard located in the United 
    States.
    (c) Limitation on Source of Funds.--The Secretary may not use funds 
appropriated for the National Defense Sealift program that are available 
for construction of vessels to enter into a contract for a lease or 
charter pursuant to subsection (a).
    (d) Conditions on Obligation of Funds.--Unless budget authority is 
specifically provided in an appropriations Act for the lease or charter 
of vessels pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary may not enter into 
a contract for a lease or charter pursuant to that subsection unless the 
contract includes the following provisions:
        (1) A statement that the obligation of the United States to make 
    payments under the contract in any fiscal year is subject to 
    appropriations being provided specifically for that fiscal year and 
    specifically for that lease or charter or that kind of vessel lease 
    or charter.
        (2) A commitment to obligate the necessary amount for each 
    fiscal year covered by the contract when and to the extent that 
    funds are appropriated for that lease or charter, or that kind of 
    lease or charter, for that fiscal year.
        (3) A statement that such a commitment given under paragraph (2) 
    does not constitute an obligation of the United States.
    (e) Renewal of Charters.--A long-term lease or charter under 
subsection (a) for a vessel described in subsection (b)(1) may not be 
entered into for a term of more than five years. Such a lease or charter 
may only be renewed or extended subject to the restrictions and 
authority provided in section 9081 of the Department of Defense 
Appropriations Act, 1990 (10 U.S.C. 2401 note).
    (f) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``long-term 
lease or charter'' has the meaning given that term in subparagraph (A) 
of section 2401(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 128. F-14 AIRCRAFT UPGRADE PROGRAM.

    None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
Department of Defense for procurement for fiscal year 1994 may be 
obligated for the F-14 aircraft upgrade program until 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees a report on that upgrade program that includes the 
following information:
        (1) A description of the F-15E equivalent strike upgrade 
    configuration selected for the F-14D upgrade program.
        (2) A schedule for conversion of the F-14D fleet to the upgraded 
    configuration.
        (3) A description of the F-14D strike upgrade derivative 
    configuration selected for the F-14A or F-14B upgrade program.
        (4) A schedule for conversion of the F-14A and F-14B fleet to an 
    upgraded configuration.
        (5) The total number of F-14A and F-14B aircraft to be 
    converted.
        (6) A funding plan for implementing the upgrade programs.
                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. B-2 BOMBER AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Amount for Program.--Of the amount appropriated pursuant to 
section 103 for the Air Force for fiscal year 1994 for procurement of 
aircraft, not more than $911,300,000 may be obligated for the B-2 bomber 
aircraft program. Of that amount, not more than $285,100,000 may be 
obligated for initial spares.
    (b) Limitation on Obligation of Funds.--None of the unobligated 
balances of funds appropriated for procurement of B-2 aircraft for 
fiscal year 1992, fiscal year 1993, or fiscal year 1994 may be obligated 
for the B-2 bomber aircraft program until--
        (1) the Secretary of the Air Force--
            (A) enters into a definitized production contract with the 
        prime contractor for air vehicles 17 through 21; or
            (B) submits to the congressional defense committees a report 
        setting forth the reasons that such a contract cannot be entered 
        into; and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense submits to those committees a 
    certification that the Department of the Air Force is in full 
    compliance with the B-2 correction-of-deficiency requirements set 
    forth in section 117(d) of Public Law 101-189 (103 Stat. 1376) in 
    all aspects of deficiency correction.
    (c) Reaffirmation of Limitation on Number of B-2 Aircraft.--As 
provided in section 151(c) of Public Law 102-484 (106 Stat. 2339), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may not procure more than 20 deployable B-2 
bomber aircraft (plus one test aircraft which may not be made 
operational).
    (d) Limitation on Total Program Cost.--The total amount obligated on 
or after the date of the enactment of this Act (1) for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for, and acquisition, modification and 
retrofitting of, the B-2 bomber aircraft referred to in subsection (c), 
and (2) for paying the costs associated with termination of the B-2 
bomber aircraft program upon completion of the acquisition of those 
aircraft may not exceed $28,968,000,000 (in fiscal year 1981 constant 
dollars).
    (e) Release of Prior Year Funds.--Funds previously authorized and 
appropriated for procurement of the B-2 bomber aircraft program, the 
obligation of which was limited by section 131(b) of Public Law 102-190 
(105 Stat. 1306) or by section 151(d) of Public Law 102-484 (106 Stat. 
2339), may be obligated for that program.

SEC. 132. B-1B BOMBER AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Amount for Procurement.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated pursuant to section 103(1) for the Air Force for fiscal 
year 1994 for procurement of aircraft, not more than $272,300,000 shall 
be available for the B-1B bomber program.
    (b) Requirement for Test Plan.--(1) The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall develop a plan to test the operational readiness rate of one B-1B 
bomber wing that could be sustained if that wing were provided the 
planned complement of base-level spare parts, maintenance equipment, 
maintenance manpower, and logistic support equipment.
    (2) The plan shall also test the operational readiness rates of one 
squadron of that wing operating at a remote operating location, for a 
period of not less than two weeks, in a manner consistent with Air Force 
plans for the use of B-1B bombers in a conventional conflict.
    (3) The remote operating location selected for purposes of paragraph 
(2) shall be at a base other than a base containing or servicing heavy 
bomber aircraft.
    (4) The test plan under paragraph (1) shall be designed to be 
carried out over a period of not less than six months ending not later 
than December 1, 1995.
    (c) Report on the Test Plan.--(1) The Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the proposed test plan not 
later than March 31, 1994. The report shall include a copy of the 
proposed test plan.
    (2) The report on the test plan shall include the following 
elements:
        (A) A description of the plans of the Air Force for meeting the 
    test requirements specified in subsection (b), including the period 
    during which the test is proposed to be conducted under this 
    section.
        (B) A description of the predicted contribution to mission 
    capable rates that planned reliability and maintenance improvements 
    are expected to make.
        (C) A description of the predicted effects of the test on the 
    readiness rates of the B-1B wings not participating in the test if 
    the test is initiated between the date of the enactment of this Act 
    and June 1, 1995.
        (D) The earliest date feasible for the implementation of the 
    test plan if a test within the period specified in the description 
    under subparagraph (A) is predicted under subparagraph (C) to have 
    an adverse effect on B-1B fleet readiness.
    (d) Implementation of Test Plan.--(1) The Secretary shall notify the 
congressional defense committees of the start of the test period.
    (2) The Secretary shall complete the implementation of the test plan 
required under subsection (b) not later than December 1, 1995.
    (e) Waiver Authority.--(1)(A) The Secretary of the Air Force may 
postpone implementation of the test plan to a period ending after 
December 1, 1995, if the Secretary determines that, as a result of 
implementing the planned test within the period specified in subsection 
(b)(4), the ability of the Air Force to meet operational readiness rates 
for B-1B units not participating in the test would be reduced to 
unacceptable levels.
    (B) If the Secretary of the Air Force proposes to use the authority 
provided in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall, before using that 
authority, submit to the congressional defense committees notice in 
writing of the proposed postponement of the test plan. If the test plan 
report required under subsection (c) has not been submitted as of the 
time of the decision to postpone implementation of the test plan, that 
notice shall be submitted as part of the submission of the test plan 
report.
    (2)(A) The Secretary of Defense may waive implementation of the test 
plan if the Secretary determines that implementing the test plan would 
not be in the national security interest of the United States.
    (B) If the Secretary of Defense proposes to use the waiver authority 
provided in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall, before using that 
authority, submit to the congressional defense committees notice in 
writing of the proposed waiver. Upon using that waiver authority, the 
Secretary shall, not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
waiver authority is used, submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report setting forth a detailed explanation of the reasons for the 
waiver.
    (f) Report on Test Results.--(1) Unless the Secretary exercises the 
waiver authority provided in subsection (e)(1)(B), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees, and to the Comptroller 
General of the United States, a report on the results obtained from 
implementation of the test. The report shall be submitted within 90 days 
after the completion of the test.
    (2) The report required under paragraph (1) shall include an 
assessment of--
        (A) the extent to which the provision of planned spares, 
    maintenance manpower, and logistics support will enable the B-1B 
    force to achieve the planned operational readiness rate; and
        (B) if the planned readiness rate cannot be achieved with the 
    planned level of spares, maintenance manpower, and logistics 
    support--
            (i) an estimate of the operational readiness rate that can 
        be achieved with the planned level of spares, maintenance 
        manpower, and logistics support;
            (ii) an estimate of the additional amounts of spares, 
        maintenance manpower, and logistics support and the added costs 
        thereof, to achieve the planned operational readiness rate; and
            (iii) an enumeration of those specific factors limiting the 
        achievable operational readiness rate which it would be cost-
        effective to mitigate, and the increase in operational readiness 
        that would result therefrom.
    SEC. 133. FULL AND PROMPT ACCESS BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL TO 
      INFORMATION ON HEAVY BOMBER PROGRAMS.
    (a) Duty of Secretary of Defense.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
take all actions necessary to ensure that all components of the 
Department of Defense, in providing to the Comptroller General of the 
United States such access to information described in subsection (b) as 
the Comptroller General may require in order to carry out the functions 
of the Comptroller General, provide such access on a full and prompt 
basis.
    (b) Information Covered.--Subsection (a) refers to all information 
(including reports and analyses) generated by or on behalf of the 
Department of the Air Force (including by Air Force contractors) that 
relates to (1) operation, maintenance, repair, and modernization of 
heavy bombers, or (2) the plans of the Air Force for operation, 
maintenance, repair, and modernization of heavy bombers in the future.
    SEC. 134. C-17 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM PROGRESS PAYMENTS AND REPORTS.
    (a) Withholding of Payments for Software Noncompliance.--In 
accepting further delivery of C-17 aircraft that in accordance with 
existing C-17 contracts require a waiver for software noncompliance, the 
Secretary of Defense shall withhold from the unliquidated portion of the 
progress payments for such aircraft an amount not less than 1 percent of 
the total cost of such aircraft. The withholding shall continue until 
the Secretary submits to each of the congressional committees named in 
subsection (e) a report in which the Secretary certifies each of the 
following:
        (1) That C-17 software testing and avionics integration have 
    been completed.
        (2) That the costs of waivers for software noncompliance have 
    been identified and are in accordance with the terms of existing C-
    17 contracts.
    (b) Correction of Wing Defects.--Within 120 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to each 
of the congressional committees named in subsection (e) a report in 
which the Secretary certifies that, in accordance with the terms of 
existing C-17 contracts, the contractor has identified and is bearing 
each of the following:
        (1) The costs related to wing structural deficiencies (including 
    the costs of redesign, static wing failure repair, and retrofit for 
    existing wing sets).
        (2) The costs for required redesign, retesting, and manufacture 
    of C-17 slats and flaps to correct identified deficiencies.
    (c) Analysis of Range/Payload Deficiency.--Within 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to each of the congressional committees named in subsection (e) a report 
containing the following:
        (1) An analysis of the operational impacts caused by 
    deficiencies in the range/payload specification, as defined by the 
    C-17 Lot III production contract, including projected operational 
    and maintenance costs, such as the costs of required airborne 
    refueling due to range shortfalls.
        (2) A schedule for securing from the contractor, in accordance 
    with the terms of existing C-17 contracts, an equitable recovery for 
    the operational impacts caused by deficiencies in the range/payload 
    specification identified in the analysis required by this section.
    (d) Report Contents.--Each report required by this section shall 
include an itemization of the estimated effect on total production costs 
caused by software noncompliance, wing defects, or range/payload 
deficiency, as applicable.
    (e) Congressional Committees.--The committees of Congress to which a 
report required by this section is to be submitted are the following:
        (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
    of Representatives.
        (2) The Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House 
    of Representatives.
        (3) The Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the 
    Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 135. LIVE-FIRE SURVIVABILITY TESTING OF THE C-17 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 132(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2335) is amended by striking 
out ``for fiscal year 1993''.

SEC. 136. INTERTHEATER AIRLIFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding for Program.--Of the amount appropriated under section 
103 for procurement of aircraft for the Air Force (or otherwise made 
available for procurement of aircraft for the Air Force for fiscal year 
1994), not more than $2,318,000,000 (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as ``fiscal year 1994 intertheater airlift funds'') may be 
made available for the Intertheater Airlift Program, including the C-17 
aircraft program. Of that amount--
        (1) not more than $1,730,000,000 may be made available for 
    procurement for the C-17 aircraft program (other than for advanced 
    procurement and procurement of spare parts), except as such amount 
    may be increased pursuant to paragraph (4);
        (2) not more than $188,000,000 may be made available for 
    advanced procurement for the C-17 aircraft program;
        (3) not more than $100,000,000 may be made available for 
    procurement of nondevelopmental wide-body military or commercial 
    cargo variant aircraft as a complement to the C-17 aircraft, except 
    as such amount may be increased pursuant to paragraph (4); and
        (4) subject to subsection (h), not more than $300,000,000 may be 
    made available for procurement either as specified in paragraph (1) 
    or as specified in paragraph (3), in addition to the amount 
    specified in that paragraph.
    (b) Use of Funds.--(1) Using fiscal year 1994 intertheater airlift 
funds and subject to the limitations in subsection (a), the Secretary of 
Defense shall do the following:
        (A) Procure C-17 aircraft.
        (B) Initiate procurement of nondevelopmental aircraft as a 
    complement to the C-17 aircraft, selected as provided in paragraph 
    (3).
    (2) Using fiscal year 1994 intertheater airlift funds and subject to 
the limitations in subsection (a), the Secretary shall develop an 
acquisition plan leading to procurement as an airlift aircraft 
complementary to the C-17 aircraft of either--
        (A) a nondevelopmental, wide-body military airlift aircraft; or
        (B) a nondevelopmental commercial wide-body cargo variant 
    aircraft.
    (3) The Secretary shall choose which, or what mix, of the options 
specified in paragraph (2) best supports intertheater airlift 
requirements.
    (c) Fiscal Year 1994 Limitation.--Amounts appropriated under section 
103 for procurement of aircraft for the Air Force (or otherwise made 
available for procurement of aircraft for the Air Force for fiscal year 
1994) may not be obligated for procurement of C-17 aircraft (other than 
for advanced procurement) until--
        (1) each limitation and requirement set forth in subsections 
    (b), (c), (d), and (f) of section 134 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 
    Stat. 2335) has been satisfied; and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on the C-17 acquisition program that 
    contains--
            (A) the results of the special Defense Acquisition Board 
        review of the program, to include specific changes to 
        requirements recommended by the Joint Requirements Oversight 
        Council (JROC);
            (B) a discussion of the corrective actions to be taken by 
        the Air Force with regard to such program;
            (C) a proposed resolution of outstanding contractor claims 
        and any requested legislation relating to those claims;
            (D) a discussion of the corrective actions to be taken by 
        the contractor with regard to such program; and
            (E) the findings and recommendations of the special Defense 
        Science Board group resulting from the investigation of the 
        program by that group.
    (d) Fiscal Year 1995 Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
obligate any funds that may be appropriated for the Department of 
Defense for fiscal year 1995 that are made available for the C-17 
aircraft program (other than funds made available for advanced 
procurement) until the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing a review (based on an analysis by a 
federally funded research and development center) of the airlift 
requirements of the Armed Forces. The review shall reflect consideration 
of each of the following:
        (1) The changes in total airlift requirements of the Armed 
    Forces resulting from the disintegration of the Warsaw Pact and 
    Soviet Union that eliminate any major trans-Atlantic airlift 
    requirement for Europe.
        (2) The change in airlift requirements of the Armed Forces from 
    requirements for airlift of large quantities of outsize cargo for 
    reenforcement of North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces to 
    requirements for airlift in connection with such lesser regional 
    contingencies and humanitarian operations as Operation Desert 
    Shield, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Restore Hope.
        (3) The potential contribution that planned strategic sealift 
    improvements can make toward--
            (A) reducing the total demand for airlift; and
            (B) changing the type of cargo that airlift aircraft must 
        carry.
        (4) The declining demand for the conduct of airlift operations 
    in austere airfield environments.
        (5) The trade-off between purchasing the type of additional 
    capability that the C-17 aircraft can provide and purchasing and 
    using additional support equipment that would increase the cargo 
    airlift capacity of alternative cargo aircraft.
    (e) Limitation on Acquisition of More Than Four C-17 Aircraft.--The 
Secretary of Defense may not obligate C-17 production funds (as defined 
in subsection (i)) to produce more than four C-17 aircraft until the 
program meets the following milestones:
        (1) Clearance of flight envelope with respect to altitude and 
    speed.
        (2) Takeoff of aircraft at gross weight of 580,000 pounds and 
    160,000 pounds payload within a critical field length of 8,500 feet 
    at sea level and 90 degrees Fahrenheit day conditions (or equivalent 
    results under other conditions).
        (3) Backing aircraft up a two degree slope with a gross weight 
    of 510,000 pounds.
        (4) Unassisted 180 degree turn of aircraft on paved runway of 
    load classification group IV in less than 90 feet, using three 
    maneuvers.
        (5) Completion of static article ultimate load (150 percent of 
    design limit load) test condition S.P. 5030 for wing up bending.
        (6) Completion of electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic 
    compatibility, and lightening tests.
        (7) Low velocity air drop of 5,000-pound, 8-foot length 
    platform.
        (8) Sequential air drop of multiple simulated paratroop dummies 
    from both paratroop doors.
        (9) A minimum unit equivalent assembly rate of 6.0 assemblies 
    per year, as measured by the ratio of annualized standard hours 
    earned to that required to assemble one aircraft from beginning of 
    assembly to the completion of assembly before movement to the ramp 
    at the prime contractor's facilities.
        (10) For all aircraft scheduled for delivery in the prior six-
    month period, delivery of each aircraft within one month of 
    scheduled delivery date.
    (f) Limitation on Acquisition of More Than Six C-17 Aircraft.--The 
Secretary of Defense may not obligate C-17 production funds (as defined 
in subsection (i)) to produce more than six aircraft for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 1995 until the program meets the following milestones 
(in addition to the milestones specified in subsection (e)):
        (1) Clearance of flight envelope with respect to loads.
        (2) Estimate of payload meets 95 percent of the requirement 
    provided in the full-scale development contract for the key 
    performance parameters for payload-to-range systems performance.
        (3) Operational clearance for aircraft to be air refueled from 
    operational KC-10 and KC-135 aircraft at standard Air Force 
    refueling speeds for the specific tanker in a single receiver 
    formation.
        (4) Demonstration of combat offload with two 463L pallets using 
    the air delivery system rails.
        (5) Airdrop of 70 paratroopers on one pass, using both paratroop 
    doors.
        (6) Low velocity air drop of 30,000-pound, 24-foot length 
    platform.
    (g) Limitation on Acquisition of More Than Six C-17 Aircraft.--The 
Secretary of Defense may not obligate C-17 production funds (as defined 
in subsection (i)) to produce more than six C-17 aircraft for a fiscal 
year after fiscal year 1996 until the program meets the following 
milestones (in addition to the milestones specified in subsections (e) 
and (f)):
        (1) Estimate of payload meets 97.5 percent of the requirement 
    provided in the full-scale development contract for the key 
    performance parameters for payload-to-range systems performance.
        (2) Landing of aircraft with a payload of 160,000 pounds and 
    fuel necessary to fly 300 nautical miles on a 3,000-foot long, 90-
    foot wide, and load classification group IV runway at sea level, 90 
    degrees Fahrenheit day conditions (or equivalent results under other 
    conditions).
        (3) Low altitude parachute extraction system delivery of a 
    20,000-pound cargo.
        (4) Simultaneous and sequential container delivery system 
    airdrop of 30 bundles.
        (5) Low velocity air drop of 42,000-pound platform.
        (6) Satisfactory completion of one lifetime of testing of 
    durability article.
        (7) Air vehicle mean time between removal at cumulative flying 
    hours to date of measurement indicates that the mature requirement 
    established in the full-scale development contract will be met.
    (h) Funding Out of Intertheater Airlift Program.--Fiscal year 1994 
intertheater airlift funds that are referred to in paragraph (4) of 
subsection (a) may be made available by the Secretary of Defense for 
procurement for the C-17 program, or for procurement for the 
complementary nondevelopmental wide-body aircraft, only after--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense--
            (A) submits the report on the C-17 program specified in 
        subsection (c)(2);
            (B) determines whether procurement of two additional C-17 
        aircraft would contribute more to intertheater lift 
        modernization than procurement of additional complementary 
        nondevelopment wide-body aircraft at the same funding level; and
            (C) submits to the congressional defense committees notice 
        of the determination described in subparagraph (B) along with 
        notification of the Secretary's intent to transfer up to 
        $300,000,000 as provided in subsection (a)(4) either to the C-17 
        program or to the nondevelopmental aircraft program specified in 
        subsection (a)(3); and
        (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the submission of the 
    report referred to in paragraph (1)(A) and the notification required 
    by paragraph (1)(C).
    (i) C-17 Production Funds Defined.--For purposes of this section, 
the term ``C-17 production funds'' means funds appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for a fiscal year after fiscal year 1993 that are 
made available for the intertheater airlift program, including the C-17 
aircraft program (other than funds made available for advanced 
procurement).
    SEC. 137. USE OF F-16 AIRCRAFT ADVANCE PROCUREMENT FUNDS FOR PROGRAM 
      TERMINATION COSTS.
    (a) Funds for Program Termination Costs.--Of the amount provided in 
section 103 for procurement of aircraft for the Air Force, the amount of 
$70,800,000 shall be available only for program termination costs for 
the F-16 aircraft program.
    (b) Prohibition of Funds for Advance Procurement.--None of the funds 
appropriated pursuant to section 103 for procurement of aircraft for the 
Air Force shall be available for advance procurement of F-16 aircraft 
for fiscal year 1995.

SEC. 138. TACTICAL SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Fiscal Year 1994 Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for procurement for Defense-wide activities in section 104, 
$161,225,000 shall be available for tactical signals intelligence 
aircraft programs as follows:
        (1) $34,225,000 for the EP-3 Aries II Phase I modification 
    program.
        (2) $33,800,000 for the RC-135 Rivet Joint Block III Baseline 
    Six modification program.
        (3) $93,200,000 for a nondevelopmental testbed aircraft 
    incorporating ARSP SIGINT upgrade program architecture.
    (b) Prior Year Funds.--(1) Section 141 of Public Law 102-484 (106 
Stat. 2338) is repealed.
    (2) Amounts made available pursuant to section 141 of Public Law 
102-484 that remain available for obligation shall be available for the 
fiscal year 1993 EP-3 Aries II Phase I modification program and the RC-
135 Rivet Joint Block III Baseline Six modification program as provided 
for in the budget for fiscal year 1993 submitted to Congress pursuant to 
section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
    (c) Limitation.--None of the funds referred to in subsection (a) or 
(b) may be used for any purpose other than the EP-3 and RC-135 aircraft 
upgrade programs identified in those subsections.

SEC. 139. C-135 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Fiscal Year 1994 Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated in section 103 for procurement of aircraft for the Air 
Force for fiscal year 1994, $48,000,000 shall be available for 
reengining two KC-135E aircraft.
    (b) Fiscal Year 1993 Funds.--Of the funds available for C-135 series 
aircraft modifications for fiscal year 1993 that remain available for 
obligation, $100,900,000 shall be available for reengining four KC-135E 
aircraft.
                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 151. ALQ-135 JAMMER DEVICE.

    Section 182(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1508) isP amended by 
striking out ``meets or exceeds all operational criteria established for 
the program'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``is operationally effective 
and suitable''.

SEC. 152. GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM.

    (a) Program Study Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for an independent study to be conducted on the management and 
funding of the Global Positioning System program for the future.
    (2) With the agreement of the National Academy of Sciences and the 
National Academy of Public Administration, the study shall be conducted 
jointly by those organizations.
    (3) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 1994 and made available for procurement of 
Global Positioning System user equipment, for procurement of spacecraft, 
or for operations and maintenance, up to $3,000,000 may be used for 
carrying out the study required by paragraph (1).
    (b) Limitation on Procurement of Systems Not GPS-Equipped.--After 
September 30, 2000, funds may not be obligated to modify or procure any 
Department of Defense aircraft, ship, armored vehicle, or indirect-fire 
weapon system that is not equipped with a Global Positioning System 
receiver.
    (c) Report.--(1) Not later than May 1, 1994, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the committees specified in paragraph (3) a 
report on the Global Positioning System. The report shall include a 
description of each of the following:
        (A) The threats, if any, to the health and safety of United 
    States military forces, allied military forces, and the United 
    States and allied civilian populations, and the threats, if any, of 
    damage to property within the United States and allied countries, 
    that will result by the year 2000 from Global Positioning System 
    navigation signals, local and wide-area differential navigation 
    correction signals, kinematic differential correction signals, and 
    commercially available map products based on the Global Positioning 
    System.
        (B) The threat, if any, to civil aviation and other 
    transportation operations that will result by the year 2000 from the 
    signal jamming, deception, and other disruptive effects of Global 
    Positioning System navigation signals.
        (C) The actions, if any, that can be taken to eliminate or 
    mitigate such threats.
        (D) The modifications, if any, of the Global Positioning System 
    and derivative systems that can be made to eliminate or 
    significantly reduce such threats, or to increase the ability of the 
    Department of Defense to mitigate such threats, without interfering 
    with authorized and peaceful uses of the Global Positioning System.
    (2) The report under paragraph (1) shall be prepared in coordination 
with the Director of Central Intelligence.
    (3) The committees referred to in paragraph (1) are--
        (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
    Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
    of the House of Representatives; and
        (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
    Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
    Senate.

SEC. 153. RING LASER GYRO NAVIGATION SYSTEMS.

    None of the funds appropriated for fiscal year 1993 or fiscal year 
1994 for procurement for the Navy may be obligated or expended for the 
procurement of ring laser gyro navigation systems for surface ships 
under a sole-source contract.

SEC. 154. OPERATIONAL SUPPORT AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 1994 may be obligated for a procurement of 
any operational support aircraft without full and open competition (as 
defined in section 2302(3) of title 10, United States Code) unless the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology certifies to 
the congressional defense committees that the procurement is within an 
exception set forth in section 2304(c) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Airlift Study.--Of the funds appropriated pursuant to section 
106, not more than $50,000,000 may be obligated to procure operational 
support airlift aircraft. None of those funds may be obligated until 60 
days after the date on which the study required by subsection (c) is 
transmitted to the congressional defense committees.
    (c) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall undertake a 
study of operational support airlift aircraft and administrative 
transport airlift aircraft operated by reserve components of the 
Department of Defense.
    (d) Study Requirements.--The study required by subsection (c) shall 
include the following:
        (1) An inventory of all operational support airlift aircraft and 
    administrative transport airlift aircraft.
        (2) The peacetime utilization rate of such aircraft.
        (3) The wartime mission of such aircraft.
        (4) The need for such aircraft for the future base force.
        (5) The current age, projected service life, and programmed 
    retirement date for such aircraft.
        (6) A list of aircraft programmed in the current future-years 
    defense program to be purchased or to be transferred from the active 
    components to the reserve components.
        (7) The funds programmed in the current future-years defense 
    program for procurement of replacement operational support and 
    administrative transport airlift aircraft, and the acquisition 
    strategy proposed for each type of replacement aircraft so 
    programmed.
    (e) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``future-
years defense program'' means the future-years defense program submitted 
to Congress pursuant to section 221 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 155. ADMINISTRATION OF CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Submission of Reports on Alternative Technologies.--Section 
173(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
(Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2343) is amended by striking out the 
period at the end and inserting in lieu thereof ``and a period of 60 
days has passed following the submission of the report. During such 60-
day period, each Chemical Demilitarization Citizens' Advisory Commission 
in existence on the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 may submit such comments on the 
report as it considers appropriate to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives.''.
    (b) Extension of Deadline for Submission of Revised Concept Plan.--
Section 175(d) of such Act (106 Stat. 2344) is amended by striking out 
``not later than 180 days'' and all that follows and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``during the 120-day period beginning at the end of the 60-day 
period following the submission of the report of the Secretary required 
under section 173.''.
    SEC. 156. CHEMICAL MUNITIONS DISPOSAL FACILITIES, TOOELE ARMY DEPOT, 
      UTAH.
    (a) Limitation Pending Certification.--After January 1, 1994, none 
of the funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
1993 or 1994 may be obligated for the systemization of chemical 
munitions disposal facilities at Tooele Army Depot, Utah, until the 
Secretary of Defense submits to Congress a certification described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Certification Requirement.--A certification referred to in 
subsection (a) is a certification submitted by the Secretary of Defense 
to Congress that--
        (1) the operation of the chemical munitions disposal facilities 
    at Tooele Army Depot will not jeopardize the health, safety, or 
    welfare of the community surrounding Tooele Army Depot; and
        (2) adequate base support, management, oversight, and security 
    personnel to ensure the public safety in the operation of chemical 
    munitions disposal facilities constructed and operated at Tooele 
    Army Depot will remain at that depot while chemical munitions 
    storage or disposal activities continue.
    (c) Supporting Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall include with 
a certification under this section a report specifying all base support, 
management, oversight, and security personnel to be retained at Tooele 
Army Depot after the realignment of that depot is completed.

SEC. 157. AUTHORITY TO CONVEY LOS ALAMOS DRY DOCK.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may convey to the 
Brownsville Navigation District of Brownsville, Texas, all right, title, 
and interest of the United States in and to the dry dock designated as 
Los Alamos (AFDB7).
    (b) Consideration.--As consideration for the conveyance under 
subsection (a), the Brownsville Navigation District shall permit the 
Secretary of the Navy--
        (1) to use real property which is (A) located on and near a ship 
    channel, (B) under the ownership or control of the Brownsville 
    Navigation District, and (C) not used by the Brownsville Navigation 
    District, except that such use shall be only for training purposes 
    and shall be permitted for a five-year period beginning on the date 
    of the transfer;
        (2) to use such property under paragraph (1) without 
    reimbursement from the Secretary of the Navy; and
        (3) to use the dock for dockage services, without reimbursement 
    from the Secretary of the Navy, except that such use shall be for 
    not more than 45 days each year during the period referred to in 
    paragraph (1) and shall be subject to all applicable Federal and 
    State laws, including laws on maintenance and dredging.
    (c) Extension of Use.--At the end of the five-year period referred 
to in subsection (b)(1), the Secretary of the Navy and the chief 
executive officer of the Brownsville Navigation District may enter into 
an agreement to extend the period during which the Secretary may use 
real property and dockage under subsection (b).
    (d) Condition.--As a condition of the conveyance authorized by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the 
Brownsville Navigation District under which the Brownsville Navigation 
District agrees to hold the United States harmless for any claim arising 
with respect to the drydock after the conveyance of the drydock other 
than as a result of use of the dock by the Navy pursuant to subsection 
(b) or an agreement under subsection (c).
    SEC. 158. SALES AUTHORITY OF CERTAIN WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDED 
      INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES OF THE ARMY.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 433 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§4543. Army industrial facilities: sales of manufactured articles 
     or services outside Department of Defense
    ``(a) Authority To Sell Outside DOD.--Regulations under section 
2208(h) of this title shall authorize a working-capital funded Army 
industrial facility (including a Department of the Army arsenal) that 
manufactures large caliber cannons, gun mounts, recoil mechanisms, 
ammunition, munitions, or components thereof to sell manufactured 
nondefense-related commercial articles or services to a person outside 
the Department of Defense if--
        ``(1) in the case of an article, the article is sold to a United 
    States manufacturer, assembler, developer, or other concern--
            ``(A) for use in developing new products;
            ``(B) for incorporation into items to be sold to, or to be 
        used in a contract with, an agency of the United States;
            ``(C) for incorporation into items to be sold to, or to be 
        used in a contract with, or to be used for purposes of 
        soliciting a contract with, a friendly foreign government; or
            ``(D) for use in commercial products;
        ``(2) in the case of an article, the purchaser is determined by 
    the Department of Defense to be qualified to carry out the proposed 
    work involving the article to be purchased;
        ``(3) the sale is to be made on a basis that does not interfere 
    with performance of work by the facility for the Department of 
    Defense or for a contractor of the Department of Defense; and
        ``(4) in the case of services, the services are related to an 
    article authorized to be sold under this section and are to be 
    performed in the United States for the purchaser.
    ``(b) Additional Requirements.--The regulations shall also--
        ``(1) require that the authority to sell articles or services 
    under the regulations be exercised at the level of the commander of 
    the major subordinate command of the Army with responsibility over 
    the facility concerned;
        ``(2) authorize a purchaser of articles or services to use 
    advance incremental funding to pay for the articles or services; and
        ``(3) in the case of a sale of commercial articles or commercial 
    services in accordance with subsection (a) by a facility that 
    manufactures large caliber cannons, gun mounts, or recoil 
    mechanisms, or components thereof, authorize such facility--
            ``(A) to charge the buyer, at a minimum, the variable costs 
        that are associated with the commercial articles or commercial 
        services sold;
            ``(B) to enter into a firm, fixed-price contract or, if 
        agreed by the buyer, a cost reimbursement contract for the sale; 
        and
            ``(C) to develop and maintain (from sources other than 
        appropriated funds) working capital to be available for paying 
        design costs, planning costs, procurement costs, and other costs 
        associated with the commercial articles or commercial services 
        sold.
    ``(c) Relationship to Arms Export Control Act.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to affect the application of the export 
controls provided for in section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
U.S.C. 2778) to items which incorporate or are produced through the use 
of an article sold under this section.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `commercial article' means an article that is 
    usable for a nondefense purpose.
        ``(2) The term `commercial service' means a service that is 
    usable for a nondefense purpose.
        ``(3) The term `advance incremental funding', with respect to a 
    sale of articles or services, means a series of partial payments for 
    the articles or services that includes--
            ``(A) one or more partial payments before the commencement 
        of work or the incurring of costs in connection with the 
        production of the articles or the performance of the services, 
        as the case may be; and
            ``(B) subsequent progress payments that result in full 
        payment being completed as the required work is being completed.
        ``(4) The term `variable costs', with respect to sales of 
    articles or services, means the costs that are expected to fluctuate 
    directly with the volume of sales and--
            ``(A) in the case of articles, the volume of production 
        necessary to satisfy the sales orders; or
            ``(B) in the case of services, the extent of the services 
        sold.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``4543. Army industrial facilities: sales of manufactured articles or 
          services outside Department of Defense.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (i) of section 2208 of such 
title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) For provisions relating to sales outside the Department of 
Defense of manufactured articles and services by a working-capital 
funded Army industrial facility (including a Department of the Army 
arsenal) that manufactures large caliber cannons, gun mounts, recoil 
mechanisms, ammunition, munitions, or components thereof, see section 
4543 of this title.''.
    (c) Deadline for Regulations.--Regulations under subsection (b) of 
section 4543 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall be prescribed not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 159. SPACE-BASED MISSILE WARNING AND SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Amount for Programs.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by section 104, not to exceed $801,900,000 shall be 
available for space-based missile warning and surveillance programs.
    (b) Transfer Authority.--To the extent provided in appropriations 
Acts, during fiscal year 1994 funds may be transferred from the amount 
available for space-based missile warning and surveillance programs 
pursuant to subsection (a) to programs specified in subsection (c) as 
follows:
        (1) Before March 1, 1994, up to $250,000,000.
        (2) On or after March 1, 1994, any unobligated amount remaining 
    for space-based missile warning and surveillance programs pursuant 
    to subsection (a).
    (c) Programs To Which Transferred.--A transfer under subsection (b) 
may be made to any of the following programs:
        (1) The Follow-on Early Warning System.
        (2) The Defense Support Program.
        (3) The Brilliant Eyes Program.
        (4) The Cobra Ball Upgrade Program.
    (d) Relationship to Other Transfer Authority.--The authority to make 
transfers under subsection (b) is in addition to the authority provided 
in section 1101.
          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as follows:
        (1) For the Army, $5,197,467,000.
        (2) For the Navy, $8,376,737,000.
        (3) For the Air Force, $12,289,211,000.
        (4) For Defense-wide activities, $9,042,949,000, of which--
            (A) $242,592,000 is authorized for the activities of the 
        Director, Test and Evaluation; and
            (B) $12,650,000 is authorized for the Director of 
        Operational Test and Evaluation.
    SEC. 202. AMOUNT FOR BASIC RESEARCH AND EXPLORATORY DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Fiscal Year 1994.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by section 201, $4,283,935,000 shall be available for basic research and 
exploratory development projects.
    (b) Basic Research and Exploratory Development Defined.--For 
purposes of this section, the term ``basic research and exploratory 
development'' means work funded in program elements for defense research 
and development under Department of Defense category 6.1 or 6.2.
    SEC. 203. STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by section 201, 
$150,000,000 shall be available for the Strategic Environmental Research 
and Development Program.
     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. KINETIC ENERGY ANTISATELLITE PROGRAM.

    (a) Conversion of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall convert 
the Kinetic Energy Antisatellite (KE-ASAT) Program to a tactical 
antisatellite technologies program.
    (b) Level Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in 
this title, $10,000,000 shall be available for fiscal year 1994 for 
engineering development under the program.
    (c) Development of Most Critical Technologies.--The amount referred 
to in subsection (b) shall be available for engineering development of 
the most critical antisatellite technologies.
    (d) Limitation Pending Submission of Report.--No funds appropriated 
to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994 may be obligated for 
the Kinetic Energy Antisatillite (KE-ASAT) program until the Secretary 
of Defense submits to Congress the report required by section 1363 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 
102-484; 106 Stat. 2560) that contains, in addition to the matter 
required by such section, the Secretary's certification that there is a 
requirement for an antisatellite program.

SEC. 212. B-1B BOMBER PROGRAM.

    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 201 
for the Air Force for fiscal year 1994, not more than $49,000,000 shall 
be available for the B-1B bomber program.

SEC. 213. SPACE LAUNCH MODERNIZATION PLAN.

    (a) Plan Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
plan that establishes and clearly defines priorities, goals, and 
milestones regarding modernization of space launch capabilities for the 
Department of Defense or, if appropriate, for the Government as a whole. 
The plan shall specify whether the Secretary intends to allocate funds 
for a new space launch vehicle or other major space launch development 
initiative in the next future-years defense program submitted pursuant 
to section 221 of title 10, United States Code.
    (2) The plan shall be developed in consultation with the Director of 
the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
    (3) The Secretary shall submit the plan to Congress at the same time 
in 1994 that the Secretary submits to Congress the next future-years 
defense program.
    (b) Allocation of Funds.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated in section 201, $35,000,000 shall be available through the 
Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology 
for research, development, test, and evaluation of new non-man-rated 
space launch systems and technologies. None of that amount may be 
obligated or expended for any operational United States space launch 
vehicle system in existence as of the date of the enactment of this Act. 
Of that amount--
        (1) $17,000,000 shall be available for the single-stage rocket 
    technology (SSRT) program, including--
            (A) completion of phase one of the SSRT program begun in the 
        Ballistic Missile Defense Office;
            (B) concept studies for new reusable space launch vehicles;
            (C) data base development on domestic and foreign launch 
        systems to support design-to-cost, engine development, and 
        reduced life-cycle costs; and
            (D) examination of reusable engine thrust chamber component 
        applications to achieve advanced producibility, cost, and 
        durability information needed for improved designs; and
        (2) $18,000,000 shall be available for similar tasks related to 
    expendable launch vehicles, including--
            (A) concept studies for new expendable space launch 
        vehicles;
            (B) data base development on domestic and foreign launch 
        systems to support design-to-cost, engine development, and 
        reduced life-cycle costs; and
            (C) examination of expendable engine thrust chamber 
        component applications to achieve advanced producibility, cost, 
        and durability information needed for improved designs.
    (c) Requirements Regarding Development of New Launch Vehicles.--If 
the space launch plan under subsection (a) identifies a new, non-man-
rated expendable or reusable launch vehicle technology for development 
or acquisition, the Secretary shall explore innovative government-
industry funding, management, and acquisition strategies to minimize the 
cost and time involved.
    (d) Cost Reduction Requirement.--The plan shall provide for a means 
of reducing the cost of producing existing launch vehicles at current 
and projected production rates below the current estimates of the costs 
for those production rates.
    (e) Study of Differences Between United States and Foreign Space 
Launch Vehicles.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
comprehensive study of the differences between existing United States 
and foreign expendable space launch vehicles in order--
        (A) to identify specific differences in the design, manufacture, 
    processing, and overall management and infrastructure of such space 
    launch vehicles; and
        (B) to determine the approximate effect of the differences on 
    the relative cost, reliability, and operational efficiency of such 
    space launch vehicles.
    (2) The Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration and, as appropriate, the 
heads of other Federal agencies and appropriate personnel of United 
States industries and academic institutions in carrying out the study.
    (3) The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report of the results 
of the study no later than October 1, 1994.
    SEC. 214. MEDICAL COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST BIOWARFARE THREATS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2370 the following new section:
``§2370a. Medical countermeasures against biowarfare threats: 
      allocation of funding between near-term and other threats
    ``(a) Allocation Between Near-Term and Other Threats.--Of the funds 
appropriated or otherwise made available for any fiscal year for the 
medical component of the Biological Defense Research Program (BDRP) of 
the Department of Defense --
        ``(1) not more than 80 percent may be obligated and expended for 
    product development, or for research, development, test, or 
    evaluation, of medical countermeasures against near-term validated 
    biowarfare threat agents; and
        ``(2) not more than 20 percent may be obligated or expended for 
    product development, or for research, development, test, or 
    evaluation, of medical countermeasures against mid-term or far-term 
    validated biowarfare threat agents.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `validated biowarfare threat agent' means a 
    biological agent that--
            ``(A) is named in the biological warfare threat list 
        published by the Defense Intelligence Agency; and
            ``(B) is identified as a biowarfare threat by the Deputy 
        Chief of Staff of the Army for Intelligence in accordance with 
        Army regulations applicable to intelligence support for the 
        medical component of the Biological Defense Research Program.
        ``(2) The term `near-term validated biowarfare threat agent' 
    means a validated biowarfare threat agent that has been, or is 
    being, developed or produced for weaponization within 5 years, as 
    assessed and determined by the Defense Intelligence Agency.
        ``(3) The term `mid-term validated biowarfare threat agent' 
    means a validated biowarfare threat agent that is an emerging 
    biowarfare threat, is the object of research by a foreign threat 
    country, and will be ready for weaponization in more than 5 years 
    and less than 10 years, as assessed and determined by the Defense 
    Intelligence Agency.
        ``(4) The term `far-term validated biowarfare threat agent' 
    means a validated biowarfare threat agent that is a future 
    biowarfare threat, is the object of research by a foreign threat 
    country, and could be ready for weaponization in more than 10 years 
    and less than 20 years, as assessed and determined by the Defense 
    Intelligence Agency.
        ``(5) The term `weaponization' means incorporation into usable 
    ordnance or other militarily useful means of delivery.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2370 the following new item:
``2370a. Medical countermeasures against biowarfare threats: allocation 
          of funding between near-term and other threats.''.

    SEC. 215. FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.
    (a) Centers Covered.--Funds appropriated or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994 pursuant to an 
authorization of appropriations in section 201 may be obligated to 
procure work from a federally funded research and development center 
only in the case of a center named in the report required by subsection 
(b) and, in the case of such a center, only in an amount not in excess 
of the amount of the proposed funding level set forth for that center in 
such report.
    (b) Report on Allocations for Centers.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing--
        (1) the name of each federally funded research and development 
    center from which work is proposed to be procured for the Department 
    of Defense for fiscal year 1994; and
        (2) for each such center, the proposed funding level and the 
    estimated personnel level for fiscal year 1994.
The total of the proposed funding levels set forth in the report for all 
federally funded research and development centers may not exceed the 
amount set forth in subsection (d).
    (c) Limitation Pending Submission of Report.--No funds appropriated 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal 
year 1994 may be obligated to obtain work from a federally funded 
research and development center until the Secretary of Defense submits 
the report required by subsection (b).
    (d) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to the 
Department of Defense for research, development, test, and evaluation 
for fiscal year 1994 pursuant to section 201, not more than a total of 
$1,352,650,000 may be obligated to procure services from the federally 
funded research and development centers named in the report required by 
subsection (b).
    (e) Authority To Waive Funding Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense 
may waive the limitation regarding the maximum funding amount that 
applies under subsection (a) to a federally funded research and 
development center. Whenever the Secretary proposes to make such a 
waiver, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees notice of the proposed waiver and the reasons for the waiver. 
The waiver may then be made only after the end of the 60-day period that 
begins on the date on which the notice is submitted to those committees, 
unless the Secretary determines that it is essential to the national 
security that funds be obligated for work at that center in excess of 
that limitation before the end of such period and notifies the 
congressional defense committees of that determination and the reasons 
for the determination.
    (f) Undistributed Reduction.--The total amount authorized to be 
appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation in section 
201 is hereby reduced by $200,000,000.
    SEC. 216. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM FOR BALLISTIC MISSILE POST-LAUNCH 
      DESTRUCT MECHANISM.
    (a) Demonstration Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
demonstration program to develop and test a ballistic missile post-
launch destruct mechanism. The program shall be carried out through the 
Advanced Research Projects Agency.
    (b) Funding.--The amount expended for the demonstration program may 
not exceed $15,000,000. Subject to the provisions of appropriations 
Acts, the Secretary may provide $5,000,000 for the program from 
unexpended balances remaining available for obligation from funds 
appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1993.
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement to 
conduct a demonstration program under subsection (a) if the Secretary 
certifies to the congressional defense committees that conducting such a 
program is not in the national security interest of the United States.
    SEC. 217. HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND COMMUNICATION INITIATIVE.
    (a) Independent Study.--Within 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, shall 
request the National Research Council (NRC) to conduct a comprehensive 
study of the inter-agency High Performance Computing and Communications 
Initiative (HPCCI).
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The study shall address (at a minimum) 
the following aspects of the High Performance Computing and 
Communications Initiative:
        (1) The basic underlying rationale for the program, including 
    the appropriate balance between Federal efforts and private sector 
    efforts.
        (2) The appropriateness of the goals and directions of the 
    program.
        (3) The balance between various elements of the program.
        (4) The likelihood that the various goals of the program will be 
    achieved.
        (5) The effectiveness of the mechanisms for obtaining the views 
    of industry and the views of users for the planning and 
    implementation of the program.
        (6) The management and coordination of the program.
        (7) The relationship of the program to other Federal support of 
    high performance computing and communications, including acquisition 
    of high performance computers by Federal departments and agencies in 
    support of the mission needs of such departments and agencies.
    (c) Cooperation With Study.--The Director of the Office of Science 
and Technology Policy shall direct all relevant Federal agencies to 
cooperate fully with the National Research Council in all aspects of 
this study. The heads of Federal agencies receiving the directive shall 
cooperate in accordance with the provisions of the directive.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary shall make available from funds 
available for the High Performance Computing and Communications Program 
of the Department of Defense amounts not to exceed $500,000 for the 
National Research Council to conduct the study under subsection (a).
    (e) Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in an agreement 
with the National Academy of Sciences that provides for the study, a 
requirement that the National Research Council submit an interim report 
and a final report on the results of the study to the Secretary of 
Defense and to the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy. The interim report shall be submitted not later than July 1, 
1994, and the final report shall be submitted not later than February 1, 
1995. Promptly after receiving the reports, the Director of the Office 
of Science and Technology Policy shall submit the reports to Congress 
and may submit with the reports such additional comments as the Director 
considers appropriate. The reports shall be submitted to Congress in 
unclassified form with classified annexes as necessary.
    SEC. 218. SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE (SMES) PROGRAM.
    (a) Program Office.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish within 
the Department of the Navy a program office to facilitate research and 
design studies leading to possible construction of Superconducting 
Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) test models.
    (b) Funding.--Immediately upon enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense shall transfer from the Defense Nuclear Agency to the 
Department of the Navy any funds appropriated for fiscal years before 
fiscal year 1994 that were designated for the Superconducting Magnetic 
Energy Storage Project that remain available for obligation. Those funds 
shall be obligated for (1) continued work for experiments and studies 
described in section 218(b)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
of 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2353), and (2) study of 
alternative SMES designs.
    (c) Coordination With Department of Energy.--Research work of the 
Department of the Navy described in subsection (a) shall be coordinated 
with emerging Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage research being 
carried out within the Department of Energy.
    (d) Deadline.--The office referred to in subsection (a) shall be 
created and staffed not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 219. ADVANCED SELF PROTECTION JAMMER (ASPJ) PROGRAM.

    Notwithstanding section 122 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2334), the 
Secretary of Defense may carry out material procurement, logistics 
support, and integration of existing Advanced Self Protection Jammer 
systems from Department of Defense inventory into the F-14D aircraft for 
testing and evaluation using funds appropriated to the Department of 
Defense for fiscal year 1993 and prior years.

SEC. 220. ELECTRONIC COMBAT SYSTEMS TESTING.

    (a) Detailed Test and Evaluation Before Initial Low-Rate 
Production.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that any electronic 
combat system and any command, control, and communications 
countermeasure system is authorized to proceed into the low-rate initial 
production stage only upon the completion of an appropriate, rigorous, 
and structured test and evaluation regime. Such a regime shall include 
testing and evaluation at each of the following types of facilities: 
computer simulation and modeling facilities, measurement facilities, 
system integration laboratories, simulated threat hardware-in-the-loop 
test facilities, installed system test facilities, and open air ranges.
    (b) Timely Test and Evaluation Required.--The Secretary shall ensure 
that test and evaluation of a system as required by subsection (a) is 
conducted sufficiently early in the development phase to allow--
        (1) a correction-of-deficiency plan to be developed and in place 
    for deficiencies identified by the testing before the system 
    proceeds into low-rate initial production; and
         (2) the deficiencies identified by test and evaluation to be 
    corrected before the system proceeds beyond low-rate initial 
    production.
    (c) Annual Report on Compliance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
include in the annual Department of Defense Electronic Warfare Plan 
report a description of compliance with this section during the 
preceding year. Such a report shall include a description of the test 
and evaluation process applied to each system, the results of that 
process, and the adequacy of test and evaluation resources to carry out 
that process.
    (d) Funds Used for Testing.--The costs of the testing necessary to 
carry out this section with respect to any system shall be paid from 
funds available for that system.
    (e) Applicability.--The provisions of subsections (a) and (b) shall 
apply to any ACAT I level electronic combat system milestone I program 
and to any command, control, and communications countermeasure system 
milestone I program that is initiated after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON FLIGHT TESTS OF CERTAIN MISSILES.

    (a) Limitation.--During the one-year period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may not conduct a 
flight test program of theater missile defense interceptors and sensors 
if an anticipated result of the launch of a missile under that test 
program would be release of debris within 50 miles of the Canyonlands 
National Park, Utah.
    (b) Definition of Debris.--For purposes of subsection (a), the term 
``debris'' does not include particulate matter that is regulated for 
considerations of air quality.

SEC. 222. JOINT ADVANCED ROCKET SYSTEM.

    (a) Program Requirement.--None of the funds appropriated pursuant to 
authorizations in section 201 or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 1994 for research, development, test, and evaluation for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated for any technology for a 2.75-
inch rocket or missile program that is inconsistent with the goals and 
objectives of the joint Advanced Rocket System program or that would 
otherwise not result in the use of a common 2.75-inch rocket motor by 
all components of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Army Program.--Of the amount authorized for the Army under 
section 201, $5,500,000 shall be available for participation by the 
Department of the Army in the Advanced Rocket System program.
    (c) Funding Limitation Pending Report.--Of the amount appropriated 
pursuant to section 201 for the Department of the Navy for the Advanced 
Rocket System (program element 604603N) and for the Department of the 
Army for program element 603313A, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated until the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the matters specified in subsection (d).
    (d) Report Contents.--The matters referred to in subsection (c) are 
the following:
        (1) A cost and operational effectiveness analysis (COEA) of 
    2.75-inch hypervelocity rockets, jointly developed by the military 
    services.
        (2) If the analysis referred to in paragraph (1) validates the 
    requirement for such hypervelocity rockets, an evaluation (prepared 
    jointly by the Army and the Navy) of the feasibility of 
    incorporating hypervelocity rocket technology into the Advanced 
    Rocket System.
        (3) A plan (prepared jointly by the Army and the Navy) for the 
    transition of total responsibility for 2.75-inch rocket systems to 
    the Rocket Management Office of the Army.
    SEC. 223. STANDOFF AIR-TO-SURFACE MUNITIONS TECHNOLOGY 
      DEMONSTRATION.
    (a) In General.--(1) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
pursuant to section 201, up to $2,000,000 of the amount for the Navy and 
up to $2,000,000 of the amount for the Air Force may be used for the 
conduct of a demonstration of nondevelopmental technology that would 
enable the use of a single adaptor kit for munitions described in 
paragraph (2) in order to give those munitions a standoff, near-
precision guided capability.
    (2) Paragraph (1) applies to unguided, in-inventory munitions of the 
class of 1,000 pounds and below.
    (b) Request for Information.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall issue a 
request for information for nondevelopmental munitions adaptor kits for 
the purpose described in subsection (a).
    (c) Contractor Selection.--Not later than 30 days after the closing 
date of the request for information under subsection (b), the Secretary 
of the Navy shall determine whether any of the responses received have 
sufficient technical merit to justify the conduct of a technology 
demonstration. If the Secretary determines that the conduct of such a 
technology demonstration is justified, the Secretary shall select the 
single most promising technology offered, if applicable, for that 
demonstration.
    (d) Technology Demonstration.--If the Secretary determines under 
subsection (c) that a technology demonstration is warranted, the 
Secretary shall require the contractor selected to complete a suitable 
nondevelopmental item demonstration of the contractor's adaptor kit 
proposal.
    (e) Report.--If a contractor is selected in accordance with 
subsection (c) and a demonstration is accomplished in accordance with 
subsection (d), the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report detailing the results and 
costs of the demonstration and the applicability of the technology 
demonstrated in providing the Armed Forces with an inexpensive solution 
to providing near-precision guided munition capability to in-inventory 
munitions.

SEC. 224. STANDARD EXTREMELY HIGH FREQUENCY WAVEFORM.

    The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Technology, shall establish a single 
standard for all components of the Department of Defense for the set of 
waveforms to be used for medium data rate (MDR) communications using an 
extremely high frequency (EHF) band. The standard shall be established 
not later than June 1, 1994.
    SEC. 225. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON TESTING MID-INFRARED ADVANCED 
      CHEMICAL LASER AGAINST AN OBJECT IN SPACE.
    The Secretary of Defense may not carry out a test of the Mid-
Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser (MIRACL) transmitter and associated 
optics against an object in space during 1994 unless such testing is 
specifically authorized by law.
                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs
    SEC. 231. FUNDING FOR BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAMS FOR FISCAL 
      YEAR 1994.
    (a) Total Amount.--Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to section 
201 for fiscal year 1994 or otherwise made available to the Department 
of Defense for research, development, test, and evaluation for fiscal 
year 1994, not more than $2,638,992,000 may be obligated for programs 
managed by the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
    (b) Allocation to Program Elements.--Of the amount specified in 
subsection (a)--
        (1) not more than $1,450,992,000 shall be available for 
    programs, projects, and activities within the Theater Missile 
    Defense program element;
        (2) not more than $650,000,000 shall be available for programs, 
    projects, and activities within the Limited Defense System program 
    element; and
        (3) a total of not more than $538,000,000 shall be available for 
    programs, projects, and activities within the Research and Support 
    Activities program element, including funding for the Small Business 
    Innovation Research Program and the Small Business Technology 
    Transfer Program.
    (c) Transfer Authorities.--(1) Notwithstanding the limitations set 
forth in paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense may transfer funds among the program elements managed by the 
Ballistic Missile Defense Organization. The total amount that may be 
transferred pursuant to the preceding sentence--
        (A) from any program element named in subsection (b) may not 
    exceed 10 percent of the amount specified for that program element 
    in subsection (b); and
        (B) to any program element named in subsection (b) may not 
    result in an increase by more than 10 percent of the amount 
    specified for that program element in that subsection.
    (2) The authority under paragraph (1) may not be used to transfer 
funds from the Theater Missile Defense program element.
    (3) The authority under paragraph (1) may not be used to transfer 
funds from the Limited Defense System program element to the program 
element for Research and Support Activities.
    (4) Amounts transferred pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be merged 
with and be available for the same purposes as the amounts to which 
transferred.
    (d) Limitations.--None of the funds authorized to be obligated under 
subsection (a) may be obligated for the Brilliant Eyes space-based 
sensor program. Such funds may be obligated for the Brilliant Pebbles 
program only within the Research and Support Activities program element 
and in an amount not in excess of $35,000,000.
    (e) Report on Allocation of Funds.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the allocation of 
funds appropriated for the ballistic missile defense program for fiscal 
year 1994. The report--
        (1) shall specify the amount of such funds allocated for each 
    program, project, and activity managed by the Ballistic Missile 
    Defense Organization; and
        (2) shall list each ballistic missile defense program, project, 
    and activity under the appropriate program element.

SEC. 232. REVISIONS TO MISSILE DEFENSE ACT OF 1991.

    The Missile Defense Act of 1991 (part C of title II of Public Law 
102-190; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 232(a) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``while deploying'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``while developing, and 
        maintaining the option to deploy,''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, as appropriate,'' 
        before ``to friends and allies of the United States''.
        (2) Section 232(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``the Soviet Union'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``other nuclear weapons states''; 
        and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking out ``the Soviet Union'' and inserting 
            in lieu thereof ``Russia''; and
                (ii) by striking out ``Treaty, to include the down-
            loading of multiple warhead ballistic missiles'' and 
            inserting in lieu thereof ``Treaties, to include the down-
            loading of multiple warhead ballistic missiles, as 
            appropriate''.
        (3) Section 233(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in compliance with the 
        ABM Treaty, including any protocol or amendment thereto'' after 
        ``for deployment'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``develop for 
        deployment'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``conduct a research 
        and development program to develop and maintain the option to 
        deploy''; and
            (C) by striking out paragraph (3).
        (4) Subsection (c) of section 233 is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Presidential Actions.--Congress urges the President to pursue 
immediate discussions with Russia and other successor states of the 
former Soviet Union, as appropriate, on the feasibility of, and mutual 
interest in, amendments to the ABM Treaty to permit--
        ``(1) clarification of the distinctions for the purposes of the 
    ABM Treaty between theater missile defenses and anti-ballistic 
    missile defenses, including interceptors, radars, and other sensors; 
    and
        ``(2) increased use of space-based sensors for direct battle 
    management.''.
        (5) Section 235 is amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking out ``strategic 
        defense initiative'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``ballistic 
        missile defense program'';
            (B) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking out ``Strategic Defense Initiative'' and 
            inserting in lieu thereof ``Ballistic Missile Defense 
            program''; and
                (ii) by striking out paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
            redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (2); and
            (C) in subsection (b), by striking out ``Strategic Defense 
        Initiative'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Ballistic Missile 
        Defense program''.
        (6) Section 236 is amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking out ``sdi'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``bmd'';
            (B) by striking out subsections (b) and (c); and
            (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (b) and in 
        paragraph (1) of that subsection by striking out ``within the'' 
        and all that follows in that paragraph and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``within the Limited Defense System program element.''.
        (7) Section 238 is amended by striking out ``As deployment'' and 
    all that follows through ``deployment date,'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``Once development testing of components for a Limited 
    Defense System has begun,''.
    SEC. 233. PATRIOT ADVANCED CAPABILITY-3 THEATER MISSILE DEFENSE 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) Competition for Missile Selection.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall continue the strategy being carried out by the Ballistic Missile 
Defense Organization as of October 1, 1993, for selection of the best 
technology (in terms of cost, schedule, risk, and performance) to meet 
the missile requirements for the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) 
theater missile defense system. That strategy, consisting of flight 
testing, ground testing, simulations, and other analyses of the weapon 
systems referred to in subsection (d), shall be continued until the 
Secretary determines that the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization has 
adequate information upon which to base a decision as to which missile 
will be selected to proceed into the Engineering and Manufacturing 
Development stage.
    (b) Implications of Delay.--If there is a delay (based upon the 
schedule in effect in October 1993) in the selection described in 
subsection (a) of the missile for the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 
system, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that demonstration and 
validation of both competing systems can continue as needed to support 
an informed decision for such selection.
    (c) Funding for Certain Ballistic Missile RDT&E.--If a decision is 
not made before February 28, 1994, to proceed into the Engineering and 
Manufacturing Development stage under a weapon system program referred 
to in subsection (d), the funds appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 201 that are available for 
engineering and manufacturing development for such a program shall be 
available for research, development, test, and evaluation of the Patriot 
PAC-3 Missile program.
    (d) Covered Weapon System Programs.--For purposes of subsections (a) 
and (c), the weapon system programs referred to in this subsection are 
as follows:
        (1) The Patriot Multimode Missile Program.
        (2) The Extended Range Interceptor (ERINT) missile program.
    SEC. 234. COMPLIANCE OF BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEMS AND 
      COMPONENTS WITH ABM TREATY.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Section 232(a)(1) of the Missile Defense Act of 1991 (10 
    U.S.C. 2431 note) establishes a goal for the United States to comply 
    with the ABM Treaty (including any protocol or amendment thereto) 
    and not develop, test, or deploy any ballistic missile defense 
    system, or component thereof, in violation of that treaty (as 
    modified by any protocol or amendment thereto) while deploying an 
    anti-ballistic missile system capable of providing a highly 
    effective defense of the United States against limited attacks of 
    ballistic missiles.
        (2) The Department of Defense has conducted no formal compliance 
    review of any of the components or systems scheduled for early 
    deployment as part of either the Theater Missile Defense Initiative 
    or the initial limited defense system to be located at Grand Forks, 
    North Dakota.
        (3) The Department of Defense is continuing to obligate hundreds 
    of millions of dollars for the development and testing of systems or 
    components of ballistic missile defense systems before a 
    determination has been made that, if successfully developed, tested, 
    or deployed, those systems and components would be in compliance 
    with the ABM Treaty.
        (4) The President requested the authorization and appropriation 
    of additional funds for continued development of such systems and 
    components during fiscal year 1994.
        (5) The United States and its allies face existing and expanding 
    threats from ballistic missiles capable of being used as theater 
    weapon systems that are presently possessed by, being developed by, 
    or being acquired by a number of countries, including Iraq, Iran, 
    and North Korea.
        (6) Some theater ballistic missiles presently deployed or being 
    developed (such as the Chinese-made CSS-2) have capabilities equal 
    to or greater than the capabilities of missiles which were 
    determined to be strategic missiles more than 20 years ago under the 
    SALT I Interim Agreement of 1972 entered into between the United 
    States and the Soviet Union.
        (7) The ABM Treaty was not intended to, and does not, apply to 
    or limit research, development, testing, or deployment of missile 
    defense systems, system upgrades, or system components that are 
    designed to counter modern theater ballistic missiles, regardless of 
    the capabilities of such missiles, unless those systems, system 
    upgrades, or system components are tested against or have 
    demonstrated capabilities to counter modern strategic ballistic 
    missiles.
        (8) It is a national security priority of the United States to 
    develop and deploy highly effective theater missile defense systems 
    capable of countering the existing and expanding threats posed by 
    modern theater ballistic missiles as soon as is technically 
    possible.
        (9) It is essential that the Secretary of Defense immediately 
    undertake and complete a review for compliance with the ABM Treaty 
    of proposed theater missile defense systems, system upgrades, and 
    system components so as to not delay the development and deployment 
    of such highly effective theater missile defense systems.
    (b) Required Compliance Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
review the current baseline configuration of each system or system 
upgrade specified in paragraph (2), and the system components, to 
determine whether the development, testing, or deployment of that system 
or system upgrade would be in compliance with the ABM Treaty, including 
the interpretation of the Treaty set forth in the enclosure to the July 
13, 1993, ACDA letter.
    (2) The systems and system upgrades to be reviewed pursuant to 
paragraph (1) are the following:
        (A) The Patriot Multimode Missile.
        (B) The Extended Range Interceptor (ERINT).
        (C) The Ground-Based Radar for theater missile defenses (GBR-T).
        (D) The Theater High Altitude Area Defense interceptor missile 
    (THAAD).
        (E) The Brilliant Eyes space-based sensor system.
        (F) Upgrades to the AEGIS/SPY radar system of the Navy.
        (G) Upgrades to the Standard Missile-2 (SM-2) interceptor of the 
    Navy.
    (3) If during the course of the compliance review under paragraph 
(1) (or any other such compliance review of a ballistic missile system 
or system upgrade), an issue arises that appears to indicate that a 
provision of the ABM Treaty may limit research, development, testing, or 
deployment by the United States of highly effective theater missile 
defense systems capable of countering modern theater ballistic missiles, 
the Secretary of Defense shall immediately submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on that issue.
    (c) Report.--(1) For each system and system upgrade specified in 
paragraph (2) of subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the results of the 
review required by that subsection. A report may include the results of 
the reviews of more than one system and system upgrade. For any system 
or system upgrade determined not to be in compliance with the ABM 
Treaty, the Secretary shall indicate (A) what changes to the ABM Treaty 
would be required for the system to be deemed compliant with such 
modified ABM Treaty, and (B) what changes to the performance capability 
of the system or system upgrade would be required in order for it to 
become compliant with the existing Treaty, together with the effect of 
those performance capability changes on the effectiveness of the planned 
missile defense architecture.
    (2) With regard to the Brilliant Eyes space-based sensor system, the 
Secretary shall include in the report findings on each of the following 
issues:
        (A) Whether the current baseline configuration of the Brilliant 
    Eyes space-based sensor system would comply with the ABM Treaty if 
    the system were used in conjunction with the planned ground-based 
    radar system and its ground-based interceptors at Grand Forks, North 
    Dakota.
        (B) If not, whether design changes or operational changes can be 
    made to the Brilliant Eyes space-based sensor system that--
            (i) will result in the sensor system, when employed in 
        conjunction with the planned ground-based radar system and its 
        ground-based interceptors, being in compliance with the ABM 
        Treaty; and
            (ii) will not prevent the sensor system from performing its 
        strategic defense missions with a high degree of effectiveness.
        (C) If not, whether the Brilliant Eyes space-based sensor system 
    can be made, through design changes or operational changes, for use 
    only with theater missile defense systems and be in compliance with 
    the ABM Treaty.
        (D) If so, the extent to which deployment of the Brilliant Eyes 
    space-based sensor system would enhance the capability of upper-tier 
    theater defense systems and lower-tier theater defense systems, 
    respectively.
    (d) Limitations on Funding Pending Submission of Report.--(1) Not 
more than 50 percent of the funds reported pursuant to section 231(e) to 
be allocated for fiscal year 1994 for a system or system upgrade 
specified in subsection (b)(2) may be obligated for that system or 
system upgrade, or any of its components, until the Secretary completes 
the compliance review of such system or system upgrade required by 
subsection (b) and submits to the appropriate congressional committees 
the report on the results of the compliance review of that system or 
system upgrade as required by subsection (c).
    (2) Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
1994, or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense from any 
funds appropriated for fiscal year 1994 or for any fiscal year before 
1994, may not be obligated or expended--
        (A) for any development or testing of anti-ballistic missile 
    systems or components except for development and testing consistent 
    with the interpretation of the ABM Treaty set forth in the enclosure 
    to the July 13, 1993, ACDA letter; or
        (B) for the acquisition of any material or equipment (including 
    long lead materials, components, piece parts, or test equipment, or 
    any modified space launch vehicle) required or to be used for the 
    development or testing of anti-ballistic missile systems or 
    components, except for material or equipment required for 
    development or testing consistent with the interpretation of the ABM 
    Treaty set forth in the enclosure to the July 13, 1993, ACDA letter.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``July 13, 1993, ACDA letter'' means the letter 
    dated July 13, 1993, from the Acting Director of the Arms Control 
    and Disarmament Agency to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
    Relations of the Senate relating to the correct interpretation of 
    the ABM Treaty and accompanied by an enclosure setting forth such 
    interpretation.
        (2) The term ``ABM Treaty'' means the Treaty between the United 
    States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the 
    Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missiles, signed in Moscow on May 26, 
    1972.
        (3) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate.

SEC. 235. THEATER MISSILE DEFENSE MASTER PLAN.

    (a) Integration and Compatibility.--In carrying out the Theater 
Missile Defense Initiative, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) seek to maximize the use of existing systems and 
    technologies; and
        (2) seek to promote joint use by the military departments of 
    existing and future ballistic missile defense equipment (rather than 
    each military department developing its own systems that would 
    largely overlap in their capabilities).
The Secretaries of the military departments shall seek the maximum 
integration and compatibility of their ballistic missile defense systems 
as well as of the respective roles and missions of those systems.
    (b) TMD Master Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report (which shall constitute the TMD master plan) 
containing a thorough and complete analysis of the future of theater 
missile defense programs. The report shall include the following:
        (1) A description of the mission and scope of Theater Missile 
    Defense.
        (2) A description of the role of each of the Armed Forces in 
    Theater Missile Defense.
        (3) A description of how those roles interact and complement 
    each other.
        (4) An evaluation of the cost and relative effectiveness of each 
    interceptor and sensor under development as part of a Theater 
    Missile Defense system by the Ballistic Missile Defense 
    Organization.
        (5) A detailed acquisition strategy which includes an analysis 
    and comparison of the projected acquisition and life-cycle costs of 
    each Theater Missile Defense system intended for production (shown 
    separately for research, development, test, and evaluation, for 
    procurement, for operation and maintenance, and for personnel costs 
    for each system).
        (6) Specification of the baseline production rate for each year 
    of the program through completion of procurement.
        (7) An estimate of the unit cost and capabilities of each 
    system.
        (8) A description of plans for theater and tactical missile 
    defense doctrine, training, tactics, and force structure.
    (c) Description of Testing Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
include in the report under subsection (b)--
        (1) a description of the current and projected testing program 
    for Theater Missile Defense systems and major components; and
        (2) an evaluation of the adequacy of the testing program to 
    simulate conditions similar to those the systems and components 
    would actually be expected to encounter if and when deployed (such 
    as the ability to track and engage multiple targets with multiple 
    interceptors, to discriminate targets from decoys and other incoming 
    objects, and to be employed in a shoot-look-shoot firing mode).
    (d) Relationship to Arms Control Treaties.--The Secretary shall 
include in the report under subsection (b) a statement of how production 
and deployment of any projected Theater Missile Defense program will 
conform to all relevant arms control agreements. The report shall 
describe any potential noncompliance with any such agreement, when such 
noncompliance is expected to occur, and whether provisions need to be 
renegotiated within that agreement to address future contingencies.
    (e) Submission of Report.--The report required by subsection (b) 
shall be submitted as part of the next annual report of the Secretary 
submitted to Congress under section 224 of Public Law 101-189 (10 U.S.C. 
2431 note).
    (f) Objectives of Plan.--In preparing the master plan, the Secretary 
shall--
        (1) seek to maximize the use of existing technologies (such as 
    SM-2, AEGIS, Patriot, and THAAD) rather than develop new systems;
        (2) seek to maximize integration and compatibility among the 
    systems, roles, and missions of the military departments; and
        (3) seek to promote cross-service use of existing equipment 
    (such as development of Army equipment for the Marine Corps or 
    ground utilization of an air or sea system).
    (g) Review and Report on Deployment of Ballistic Missile Defenses.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an intensive and extensive 
review of opportunities to streamline the weapon systems acquisition 
process applicable to the development, testing, and deployment of 
theater ballistic missile defenses with the objective of reducing the 
cost of deployment and accelerating the schedule for deployment without 
significantly increasing programmatic risk or concurrency.
    (2) In conducting the review, the Secretary shall obtain 
recommendations and advice from--
        (A) the Defense Science Board;
        (B) the faculty of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces; 
    and
        (C) federally funded research and development centers supporting 
    the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
    (3) Not later than May 1, 1994, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the Secretary's findings 
resulting from the review under paragraph (1), together with any 
recommendations of the Secretary for legislation. The Secretary shall 
submit the report in unclassified form, but may submit a classified 
version of the report if necessary to clarify any of the information in 
the findings or recommendations or any related information. The report 
may be submitted as part of the next annual report of the Secretary 
submitted to Congress under section 224 of Public Law 101-189 (10 U.S.C. 
2431 note).

SEC. 236. LIMITED DEFENSE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PLAN.

    (a) Requirement for Report.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
development plan for a Limited Defense System covering the period of 
fiscal years 1994 through 1999.
    (2) The report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted not later than 
May 30, 1994, and may be included in the next annual report on ballistic 
missile defenses submitted to Congress under section 224 of Public Law 
101-189 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note).
    (b) Issues To Be Addressed in Report.--The report under subsection 
(a) shall include discussion of the following matters:
        (1) The proposed Limited Defense System architecture.
        (2) The systems and components to be developed to implement that 
    architecture.
        (3) The extent to which those systems and components can be 
    developed during the period referred to in subsection (a), assuming 
    annual funding for the Limited Defense System averaging $600,000,000 
    per year.
        (4) The additional funding required and the additional time 
    required after fiscal year 1999 in order for initial deployment of a 
    limited, ABM-Treaty-compliant capability at a single site to be 
    implemented.
        (5) The variations in both required funding and required time 
    after fiscal year 1999 for the same initial deployment to be 
    implemented--
            (A) if funding for a Limited Defense System during fiscal 
        years 1995 through 1999 averages $750,000,000 per year; and
            (B) if funding for a Limited Defense System during fiscal 
        years 1995 through 1999 averages $450,000,000 per year.
        (6) The extent to which missile defense technologies and 
    components that are developed for Theater Missile Defense systems to 
    be deployed before fiscal year 2000 can reduce the development costs 
    and lead-times for development and deployment of a Limited Defense 
    System.
        (7) The extent to which acquisition streamlining can be applied 
    to the development of a Limited Defense System.
        (8) The extent to which the testing and simulation 
    infrastructure, the level of engineering and technical support, the 
    extensive reliance on studies and analyses by contractors, and the 
    substantial use of outside contractors for systems engineering and 
    technical analysis which the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization 
    has inherited from the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization can 
    be reduced given the re-evaluation of the Ballistic Missile Defense 
    program that has emerged from the Bottom-Up Review of the Secretary 
    of Defense which was conducted during 1993.
        (9) Such other matters as the Secretary considers important.

SEC. 237. THEATER AND LIMITED DEFENSE SYSTEM TESTING.

    (a) Testing of Theater Missile Defense Interceptors.--Except for the 
acquisition of those production representative missiles required for the 
completion of developmental and operational testing, the Secretary of 
Defense may not approve a theater missile defense interceptor program 
proceeding into the Low-Rate Initial Production (Milestone IIIA) 
acquisition stage until the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that more than two realistic live-fire tests, 
consistent with section 2366 of title 10, United States Code, have been 
conducted, the results of which demonstrate the achievement by the 
interceptors of the weapons systems performance goals specified in the 
system baseline document established pursuant to section 2435(a)(1)(A) 
of title 10, United States Code, before the program entered engineering 
and manufacturing systems development. The live-fire tests demonstrating 
such results shall involve multiple interceptors and multiple targets in 
the presence of realistic countermeasures.
    (b) Advance Review and Approval of Proposed Developmental Tests of 
Limited Defense System Program Projects.--A developmental test may not 
be conducted under the Limited Defense System program element of the 
Ballistic Missile Defense Program until the Secretary of Defense reviews 
and approves (or approves with changes) the test plan for such 
developmental test.
    (c) Independent Monitoring of Tests.--(1) The Secretary shall 
provide for monitoring of the implementation of each test plan referred 
to in subsection (b) by a group composed of persons who--
        (A) by reason of education, training, or experience are 
    qualified to monitor the testing covered by the plan; and
        (B) are not assigned or detailed to, or otherwise performing 
    duties of, the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization and are 
    otherwise independent of such organization.
    (2) The monitoring group shall submit to the Secretary its analysis 
of, and conclusions regarding, the conduct and results of each test 
monitored by the group.

SEC. 238. ARROW TACTICAL ANTI-MISSILE PROGRAM.

    (a) Endorsement of Cooperative Research and Development.--Congress 
reiterates its endorsement (previously stated in section 225(a)(5) of 
Public Law 101-510 (104 Stat. 1515) and section 241(a) of Public Law 
102-190 (105 Stat. 1326)) of a continuing program of cooperative 
research and development, jointly funded by the United States and 
Israel, on the Arrow Tactical Anti-Missile program.
    (b) Program Goal.--The goal of the cooperative program is to 
demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of the Arrow system and to 
permit the government of Israel to make a decision on its own initiative 
regarding deployment of that system without financial participation by 
the United States beyond the research and development stage.
    (c) Arrow Continuing Experiments.--The Secretary of Defense, from 
amounts appropriated to the Department of Defense pursuant to section 
201 for Defense-wide activities and available for the Ballistic Missile 
Defense Organization, shall fund the United States contribution to the 
fiscal year 1994 Arrow Continuing Experiments program in an amount not 
to exceed $56,400,000.
    (d) Arrow Deployability Initiative.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), 
the Secretary of Defense may obligate funds appropriated pursuant to 
section 201 in an amount not to exceed $25,000,000 for the purpose of 
research and development of technologies associated with deploying the 
Arrow missile in the future (including technologies associated with 
battle management, lethality, system integration, and test bed systems).
    (2) Funds may not be obligated for the purpose stated in paragraph 
(1) (other than as required to satisfy the conditions set forth in this 
paragraph) unless the President certifies to Congress that--
        (A) the United States and the government of Israel have entered 
    into an agreement governing the conduct and funding of research and 
    development projects for the purpose stated in paragraph (1);
        (B) each project in which the United States will join under that 
    agreement (i) will have a benefit for the United States, and (ii) 
    has not been barred by other congressional direction;
        (C) the Arrow missile has successfully completed a flight test 
    in which it intercepted a target missile under realistic test 
    conditions; and
        (D) the government of Israel is continuing, in accordance with 
    its previous public commitments, to adhere to export controls 
    pursuant to the Guidelines and Annex of the Missile Technology 
    Control Regime.
    (e) Sense of Congress on Expediting Test Program.--It is the sense 
of Congress that, in order to expedite the test program for the Arrow 
missile, the United States should seek to initiate with the government 
of Israel discussions on the agreement referred to in subsection 
(d)(2)(A) without waiting for the condition specified in subsection 
(d)(2)(C) to be met first.

SEC. 239. REPORT ON ARROW TACTICAL ANTI-MISSILE PROGRAM.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 1994, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the Arrow Tactical Anti-Missile program. The Secretary shall design the 
report to provide those committees with the information they need in 
order to perform their oversight function. The Secretary shall obtain 
the information for the report from actual program data to which the 
United States Government has access, to the extent possible, or, if 
necessary, from the best estimates available to the United States 
Government.
    (b) Content of Report.--The report shall include (at a minimum) the 
following:
        (1) The development and procurement schedules for the program.
        (2) The estimated annual and total cost of the program.
        (3) The estimated total cost to the United States of involvement 
    in the program, including funding provided through foreign military 
    sales financing under the Arms Export Control Act.
        (4) A detailed description of the contract types and cost 
    estimating data for the program.
        (5) An assessment of the performance of the Arrow interceptor 
    and the Arrow system.
        (6) An evaluation of the development and production risks under 
    the program.
        (7) Alternatives to the Arrow interceptor and Arrow system for 
    meeting the tactical ballistic missile defense needs of Israel, 
    including providing Israel with an existing or planned United States 
    weapon system.
        (8) For each such alternative--
            (A) an assessment of the cost effectiveness of undertaking 
        the alternative;
            (B) the technology transfer implications; and
            (C) the weapon proliferation implications.
    (c) Form of Report.--The Secretary shall submit the report in 
classified and unclassified versions.
    (d) Construction of Section.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to endorse United States participation in any aspect of the 
Arrow program beyond the research and development programs authorized by 
law.
    SEC. 240. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO ANNUAL REPORT REQUIREMENT TO 
      REFLECT CREATION OF BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE ORGANIZATION.
    Section 224 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``Strategic Defense Initiative'' each place 
    it appears (other than in subsection (b)(5)) and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``Ballistic Missile Defense program'';
        (2) by striking out ``Strategic Defense Initiative'' in 
    subsection (b)(5) and inserting in lieu thereof ``Ballistic Missile 
    Defense'';
        (3) by striking out ``SDI'' each place it appears and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ``BMD''; and
        (4) by striking out the section heading and inserting in lieu 
    thereof the following:
``SEC. 224. ANNUAL REPORT ON BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAM.''.

SEC. 241. CLEMENTINE SATELLITE PROGRAM.

    (a) Finding.--The Congress finds that the program of the Ballistic 
Missile Defense Organization that is known as the ``Clementine'' 
program, consisting of a satellite space project that will, among other 
matters, provide valuable information about asteroids in the vicinity of 
Earth, represents an important opportunity for transfer of Department of 
Defense technology for civilian purposes and should be supported.
    (b) Congressional Views.--The Congress urges the Secretary of 
Defense--
        (1) to identify an appropriate management structure within 
    either the Advanced Research Projects Agency or one of the military 
    departments to which the Clementine program and related programs of 
    general applicability to civilian, commercial, and military space 
    programs might be transferred; and
        (2) to consider funding for the Clementine program to be a 
    priority within whatever agency or department is identified as 
    described in paragraph (1) and to provide funds for that program at 
    an appropriate level.
    SEC. 242. COOPERATION OF UNITED STATES ALLIES ON DEVELOPMENT OF 
      TACTICAL AND THEATER MISSILE DEFENSES.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Systems to provide effective defense against theater and 
    tactical ballistic missiles that may be developed and deployed by 
    the United States have the potential to make contributions to the 
    national security interests of nations that are allies of the United 
    States that would be equal to or greater than the contributions such 
    systems would make to the national security interests of the United 
    States.
        (2) The cost of developing and deploying a broad spectrum of 
    such systems will be several tens of billions of dollars.
        (3) A truly cooperative multinational approach to the 
    development and deployment of such systems could substantially 
    reduce the financial burden of such an undertaking on any one 
    country and would involve additional sources of technological 
    expertise.
        (4) While leaders of nations that are allies of the United 
    States have stated an interest in becoming involved, or increasing 
    involvement, in United States tactical missile defense programs, the 
    governments of those nations are unlikely to support programs for 
    theater missile defense development and deployment unless, at a 
    minimum, they can participate in meaningful ways in the planning and 
    execution of such programs, including active participation in 
    research and development and production of the systems involved.
        (5) Given the high cost of developing theater ballistic missile 
    defense systems, the participation of United States allies in the 
    efforts to develop tactical missile defenses would result in 
    substantial savings to the United States.
    (b) Plan and Reports.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
plan to coordinate development and implementation of Theater Missile 
Defense programs of the United States with theater missile defense 
programs of United States allies, with the goal of avoiding duplication 
of effort, increasing interoperability, and reducing costs. The plan 
shall set forth in detail any financial, in-kind, or other form of 
participation by each nation in cooperative efforts to plan, develop, 
produce, and deploy theater ballistic missile defenses for the mutual 
benefit of the countries involved.
    (2) The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the plan 
developed under paragraph (1). The report shall be submitted in both 
classified and unclassified versions, as appropriate, and may be 
submitted as a component of the next Theater Missile Defense Initiative 
report to Congress.
    (3) The Secretary shall include in each annual Theater Missile 
Defense Initiative report to Congress a report on actions taken to 
implement the plan developed under paragraph (1). Each such report shall 
set forth the status of discussions between the United States and United 
States allies for the purposes stated in that paragraph and shall state 
the status of contributions by those allies to the Theater Missile 
Defense Cooperation Account, shown separately for each allied country 
covered by the plan.
    (c) Restriction on Funds.--Of the total amount appropriated pursuant 
to authorizations in this Act for theater ballistic missile defense 
programs, not more than 80 percent may be obligated until--
        (1) the report under subsection (b)(2) is submitted to Congress; 
    and
        (2) the President certifies in writing to Congress that 
    representatives of the United States have formally submitted to each 
    of the member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and 
    to Japan, Israel, and South Korea a proposal concerning the matters 
    described in the report.
The President may submit with such certification a report of similar 
formal contacts with any other country that the President considers 
appropriate.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that whenever 
the United States deploys theater ballistic missile defenses to protect 
another country, or the military forces of another country, that has not 
provided financial or in-kind support for development of theater 
ballistic missile defenses, the United States should consider whether it 
is appropriate to seek reimbursement from that country to cover at least 
the incremental cost to the United States of such deployment.
    (e) Allied Participation in TMD Programs.--Congress encourages 
allies of the United States, and particularly those allies that would 
benefit most from deployment of Theater Missile Defense systems, to 
participate in, or to increase participation in, cooperative Theater 
Missile Defense programs of the United States. Congress also encourages 
participation by the United States in cooperative theater missile 
defense efforts of allied nations as such programs emerge.
    (f) Fund for Allied Contributions.--(1) Chapter 155 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:
``§2609. Theater Missile Defense: acceptance of contributions from 
     allies; Theater Missile Defense Cooperation Account
    ``(a) Acceptance Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may accept 
from any allied foreign government or any international organization any 
contribution of money made by such foreign government or international 
organization for use by the Department of Defense for Theater Missile 
Defense programs.
    ``(b) Establishment of Theater Missile Defense Cooperation 
Account.--(1) There is established in the Treasury a special account to 
be known as the `Theater Missile Defense Cooperation Account'.
    ``(2) Contributions accepted by the Secretary of Defense under 
subsection (a) shall be credited to the Account.
    ``(c) Use of the Account.--Funds in the Account are hereby made 
available for obligation for research, development, test, and 
evaluation, and for procurement, for Theater Missile Defense programs of 
the Department of Defense.
    ``(d) Investment of Money.--(1) Upon request by the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury may invest money in the Account 
in securities of the United States or in securities guaranteed as to 
principal and interest by the United States.
    ``(2) Any interest or other income that accrues from investment in 
securities referred to in paragraph (1) shall be deposited to the credit 
of the Account.
    ``(e) Notification of Conditions.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
notify Congress of any condition imposed by the donor on the use of any 
contribution accepted by the Secretary under the authority of this 
section.
    ``(f) Annual Audit by GAO.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall conduct an annual audit of money accepted by the Secretary 
of Defense under this section and shall submit a copy of the results of 
each such audit to Congress.
    ``(g) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2609. Theater Missile Defense: acceptance of contributions from 
allies; Theater Missile Defense Cooperation Account.''.

SEC. 243. TRANSFER OF FOLLOW-ON TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS.

    (a) Management Responsibility.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b), the Secretary of Defense shall provide that management and budget 
responsibility for research and development of any program, project, or 
activity to develop far-term follow-on technology relating to ballistic 
missile defense shall be provided through the Advanced Research Projects 
Agency or the appropriate military department.
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary may waive the provisions of 
subsection (a) in the case of a particular program, project, or activity 
if the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees that 
it is in the national security interest of the United States to provide 
management and budget responsibility for that program, project, or 
activity through the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
    (c) Report Required.--As a part of the report required by section 
231(e), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report identifying--
        (1) each program, project, and activity with respect to which 
    the Secretary has transferred management and budget responsibility 
    from the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization in accordance with 
    subsection (a);
        (2) the agency or military department to which each such 
    transfer was made; and
        (3) the date on which each such transfer was made.
    (d) Definition.--For the purposes of this section, the term ``far-
term follow-on technology'' means a technology that is not incorporated 
into a ballistic missile defense architecture and is not likely to be 
incorporated within 15 years into a weapon system for ballistic missile 
defense.
    (e) Conforming Amendment.--Section 234 of the Missile Defense Act of 
1991 is repealed.
                   Subtitle D--Women's Health Research

SEC. 251. DEFENSE WOMEN'S HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER.

    (a) Authority To Establish Center.--The Secretary of Defense may 
establish a Defense Women's Health Research Center (hereinafter in this 
section referred to as the ``Center'') at an existing Department of 
Defense medical center to serve as the coordinating agent for 
multidisciplinary and multi-institutional research within the Department 
of Defense on women's health issues related to service in the Armed 
Forces. The Secretary shall determine whether or not to establish the 
Center not later than May 1, 1994. If established, the Center shall also 
coordinate with research supported by the Department of Health and Human 
Services and other agencies that is aimed at improving the health of 
women.
    (b) Support of Research.--The Center shall support health research 
into matters relating to the service of women in the military, including 
the following matters:
        (1) Combat stress and trauma.
        (2) Exposure to toxins and other environmental hazards 
    associated with military equipment.
        (3) Psychology related stress in warfare situations.
        (4) Mental health, including post-traumatic stress disorder and 
    depression.
        (5) Human factor studies related to women in combat areas.
    (c) Competition Requirement Relating to Establishment of Center.--
The Center may be established only pursuant to a competition among 
existing Department of Defense medical centers.
    (d) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare a 
plan for the implementation of subsection (a). The plan shall be 
submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives before May 1, 1994.
    (e) Activities for Fiscal Year 1994.--During fiscal year 1994, the 
Center may address the following:
        (1) Program planning, infrastructure development, baseline 
    information gathering, technology infusion, and connectivity.
        (2) Management and technical staffing.
        (3) Data base development of health issues related to service by 
    women on active duty as compared to service by women in the National 
    Guard or Reserves.
        (4) Research protocols, cohort development, health surveillance, 
    and epidemiologic studies, to be developed in coordination with the 
    Centers for Disease Control and the National Institutes of Health 
    whenever possible.
    (f) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated pursuant to 
section 201, $20,000,000 shall be available for the establishment of the 
Center or for medical research at existing Department of Defense medical 
centers into matters relating to service by women in the military.
    (g) Report.--(1) If the Secretary of Defense determines not to 
establish a women's health center under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives, not later than May 1, 1994, a report on the plans of 
the Secretary for the use of the funds described in subsection (f).
    (2) If the Secretary determines to establish the Center, the 
Secretary shall, not less than 60 days before the establishment of the 
Center, submit to those committees a report describing the planned 
location for the Center and the competitive process used in the 
selection of that location.
    SEC. 252. INCLUSION OF WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN CLINICAL RESEARCH 
      PROJECTS.
    (a) General Rule.--In conducting or supporting clinical research, 
the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
        (1) women who are members of the Armed Forces are included as 
    subjects in each project of such research; and
        (2) members of minority groups who are members of the Armed 
    Forces are included as subjects of such research.
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The requirement in subsection (a) regarding 
women and members of minority groups who are members of the Armed Forces 
may be waived by the Secretary of Defense with respect to a project of 
clinical research if the Secretary determines that the inclusion, as 
subjects in the project, of women and members of minority groups, 
respectively--
        (1) is inappropriate with respect to the health of the subjects;
        (2) is inappropriate with respect to the purpose of the 
    research; or
        (3) is inappropriate under such other circumstances as the 
    Secretary of Defense may designate.
    (c) Requirement for Analysis of Research.--In the case of a project 
of clinical research in which women or members of minority groups will 
under subsection (a) be included as subjects of the research, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the project is designed and 
carried out so as to provide for a valid analysis of whether the 
variables being tested in the research affect women or members of 
minority groups, as the case may be, differently than other persons who 
are subjects of the research.
                        Subtitle E--Other Matters
    SEC. 261. NUCLEAR WEAPONS EFFECTS TESTING BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Limitation on Obligation of Funds.--The Secretary of Defense may 
not obligate funds in preparation for any activity of the Department of 
Defense, including the so-called ``Mighty Uncle'' test, to study the 
effects of a nuclear weapon explosion through underground nuclear 
weapons testing unless that test is permitted in accordance with the 
provisions of section 507 of Public Law 102-377 (106 Stat. 1343).
    (b) Certain Actions Not Prohibited.--Subsection (a) does not 
preclude the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Director of the 
Defense Nuclear Agency, from--
        (1) proceeding with underground nuclear test tunnel deactivation 
    and environmental cleanup; or
        (2) expending funds for infrastructure activities not covered by 
    the limitation in subsection (a).
    (c) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated pursuant to 
section 201 for Defense-wide activities, not more than $38,000,000 may 
be used for activities described in subsection (b).
    SEC. 262. ONE-YEAR DELAY IN TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITY 
      FOR NAVY MINE COUNTERMEASURES PROGRAM TO THE DIRECTOR, DEFENSE 
      RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING.
    Section 216(a) of the National Defense Authorization for Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190) is amended by striking out 
``fiscal years 1994 through 1997'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``fiscal years 1995 through 1999''.
    SEC. 263. TERMINATION, REESTABLISHMENT, AND RECONSTITUTION OF AN 
      ADVISORY COUNCIL ON SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Termination of Advisory Council on Federal Participation in 
Sematech.--The advisory council known as the Advisory Council on Federal 
Participation in Sematech, established by section 273 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (15 U.S.C. 
4603), is hereby terminated.
    (b) Semiconductor Technology Council.--Section 273 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (15 U.S.C. 
4603) is amended by striking out the heading and subsections (a) through 
(c) and inserting in lieu thereof the following:

``SEC. 273. SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established the Semiconductor 
Technology Council.
    ``(b) Purposes and Functions.--(1) The purposes of the Council are 
the following:
        ``(A) To link assessment by the semiconductor industry of future 
    market and national security needs to opportunities for technology 
    development through cooperative public and private investment.
        ``(B) To seek ways to respond to the technology challenges for 
    semiconductors by fostering precompetitive cooperation among 
    industry, the Federal Government, and institutions of higher 
    education.
        ``(C) To make available judgments, assessments, insights, and 
    recommendations that relate to the opportunities for new research 
    and development efforts and the potential to better rationalize and 
    align industry and government contributions to semiconductor 
    research and development.
    ``(2) The Council shall carry out the following functions:
        ``(A) Advise Sematech and the Secretary of Defense on 
    appropriate technology goals and appropriate level of effort for the 
    research and development activities of Sematech.
        ``(B) Review the emerging markets, technology developments, and 
    core technology challenges for semiconductor research and 
    development and semiconductor manufacturing and explore 
    opportunities for improved coordination among industry, the Federal 
    Government, and institutions of higher education regarding such 
    developments and challenges.
        ``(C) Assess the effect on the appropriate role of Sematech of 
    public and private sector international agreements in semiconductor 
    research and development.
        ``(D) Exchange views regarding the competitiveness of United 
    States semiconductor technology and new or emerging semiconductor 
    technologies that could affect national economic and security 
    interests.
        ``(E) Exchange and update information and identify overlaps and 
    gaps regarding the efforts of industry, the Federal Government, and 
    institutions of higher education in semiconductor research and 
    development.
        ``(F) Assess technology progress relative to industry 
    requirements and Federal Government requirements, responding as 
    appropriate to the challenges in the national semiconductor 
    technology roadmap developed by representatives of industry, the 
    Federal Government, and institutions of higher education.
        ``(G) Make recommendations regarding the semiconductor 
    technology development efforts that should be supported by Federal 
    agencies and industry.
        ``(H) Appoint subgroups as appropriate in connection with the 
    updating of the semiconductor technology roadmap.
        ``(I) Publish an annual report addressing the semiconductor 
    technology challenges and developments for industry, government, and 
    institutions of higher education and the relationship among the 
    challenges and developments for each, including an evaluation of the 
    role of Sematech.
    ``(c) Membership.--The Council shall be composed of 16 members as 
follows:
        ``(1) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Technology, who shall be Cochairman of the Council.
        ``(2) The Under Secretary of Energy responsible for science and 
    technology matters.
        ``(3) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology.
        ``(4) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
    Policy.
        ``(5) The Assistant to the President for Economic Policy.
        ``(6) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
        ``(7) Ten members appointed by the President as follows:
            ``(A) Four individuals who are eminent in the semiconductor 
        device industry, one of whom shall be Cochairman of the Council.
            ``(B) Two individuals who are eminent in the semiconductor 
        equipment and materials industry.
            ``(C) Three individuals who are eminent in the semiconductor 
        user industry, including representatives from the 
        telecommunications and computer industries.
            ``(D) One individual who is eminent in an academic 
        institution.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Part F of title II of such Act (15 
U.S.C. 4601 et seq.) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 271(c)(1) (15 U.S.C. 4601(c)(1)) is amended by 
    striking out ``Advisory Council on Federal Participation in 
    Sematech'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Semiconductor Technology 
    Council''.
        (2) Section 272(b)(1)(B) (15 U.S.C. 4602(b)(1)(B)) isP amended 
    by striking out ``Advisory Council on Federal Participation in 
    Sematech'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Semiconductor Technology 
    Council''.
        (3) Section 273 (15 U.S.C. 4603) is amended--
            (A) in the first sentence of subsection (d)--
                (i) by striking out ``(c)(6)'' and inserting in lieu 
            thereof ``(c)(7)''; and
                (ii) by striking out ``two shall be appointed for a term 
            of two years'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``five shall be 
            appointed for a term of two years'';
            (B) in the first sentence of subsection (e), by striking out 
        ``(c)(6)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(c)(7)''; and
            (C) in subsection (f), by striking out ``Seven members'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``Eleven members''.
    (d) Authority To Call Meetings.--Section 273(g) of such Act (15 
U.S.C. 4603(g)) is amended by striking out ``the Chairman or a majority 
of its members'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``a Cochairman''.
    (e) Source of Support for Sematech.--Section 273 of such Act (22 
U.S.C. 4603) is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(j) Support for Council.--The Council shall use Federal funds made 
available to Sematech as needed for general and administrative support 
in accomplishing the Council's purposes.''.
    (f) First Meeting of New Council.--The first meeting of the 
Semiconductor Technology Council shall be held not later than 45 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (g) References to Terminated Council.--A reference in any provision 
of law to the Advisory Council on Federal Participation in Sematech 
shall be deemed to refer to the Semiconductor Technology Council 
established by section 273 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989, as amended by subsection (b).

SEC. 264. NAVY LARGE CAVITATION CHANNEL, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE.

    Amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 201 for 
the Navy shall be available to the Secretary of the Navy for the 
acquisition of real property under section 2819 of this Act (related to 
the Navy Large Cavitation Channel, Memphis, Tennessee).

SEC. 265. STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH COUNCIL.

    (a) Membership.--Section 2902(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (1);
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), as paragraphs 
    (1), (2), and (3), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3), as so redesignated, the 
    following new paragraph (4):
        ``(4) The Deputy Under Secretary of Defense responsible for 
    environmental security.''; and
        (4) by striking out paragraph (6) and inserting in lieu thereof 
    the following new paragraph (6):
        ``(6) The Assistant Secretary of Energy responsible for 
    environmental restoration and waste management.''.
    (b) Extension of Authority To Establish Employee Pay Rates.--Section 
2903(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``November 5, 1992'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 
1995''.
    SEC. 266. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR STUDY BY OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY 
      ASSESSMENT.
    Section 802(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1414; 10 U.S.C. 2372 
note) is repealed.
    SEC. 267. COMPREHENSIVE INDEPENDENT STUDY OF NATIONAL CRYPTOGRAPHY 
      POLICY.
    (a) Study by National Research Council.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall request the National Research Council of the National Academy of 
Sciences to conduct a comprehensive study of cryptographic technologies 
and national cryptography policy.
    (b) Matters To Be Assessed in Study.--The study shall assess--
        (1) the effect of cryptographic technologies on--
            (A) national security interests of the United States 
        Government;
            (B) law enforcement interests of the United States 
        Government;
            (C) commercial interests of United States industry; and
            (D) privacy interests of United States citizens; and
        (2) the effect on commercial interests of United States industry 
    of export controls on cryptographic technologies.
    (c) Interagency Cooperation With Study.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall direct the National Security Agency, the Advanced Research 
Projects Agency, and other appropriate agencies of the Department of 
Defense to cooperate fully with the National Research Council in its 
activities in carrying out the study under this section. The Secretary 
shall request all other appropriate Federal departments and agencies to 
provide similar cooperation to the National Research Council.
    (d) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 
201 for Defense-wide activities, $800,000 shall be available for the 
study under this section.
    (e) Report.--(1) The National Research Council shall complete the 
study and submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the study 
within approximately two years after full processing of security 
clearances under subsection (f). The report on the study shall set forth 
the Council's findings and conclusions and the recommendations of the 
Council for improvements in cryptography policy and procedures.
    (2) The Secretary shall submit the report to the Committee on Armed 
Services, the Committee on the Judiciary, and the Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the Senate and to the Committee on Armed Services, the 
Committee on the Judiciary, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives not later than 120 days 
after the day on which the report is submitted to the Secretary. The 
report shall be submitted to those committees in unclassified form, with 
classified annexes as necessary.
    (f) Expedited Processing of Security Clearances for Study.--For the 
purpose of facilitating the commencement of the study under this 
section, the Secretary of Defense shall expedite to the fullest degree 
possible the processing of security clearances that are necessary for 
the National Research Council to conduct the study.
    SEC. 268. REVIEW OF ASSIGNMENT OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
      CATEGORIES.
    (a) Responsible Official.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate 
an official within the Office of the Secretary of Defense to be 
responsible for conducting an annual review of program elements for 
proper categorization to the research and development categories of the 
Department of Defense designated as 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, and 6.6.
    (b) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
review of the general content of the research and development categories 
specified in subsection (a), including a review of the criteria for 
assigning programs to those categories. The review shall examine the 
assignment of current programs to those categories for the purpose of 
ensuring that those programs are correctly categorized and assigned 
program element numbers in accordance with existing Department of 
Defense policy.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall include with the budget 
justification materials for fiscal year 1995 submitted to Congress by 
the Secretary in support of the President's budget for that year a 
report on the implementation of this section. The report--
        (1) shall specify the official designated under subsection (a); 
    and
        (2) shall include a certification (or an explanation of why the 
    Secretary cannot certify) that current research and development 
    programs are correctly categorized as described in subsection (b).
    SEC. 269. AUTHORIZED USE FOR FACILITY CONSTRUCTED WITH PRIOR DEFENSE 
      GRANT FUNDS.
    The plasma arc facilities constructed using funds provided under 
grants made to the South Carolina Research Authority from amounts 
appropriated in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1988 
(Public Law 100-463), and the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 
1991 (Public Law 101-511), may be equipped and operated as prototype 
materials processing facilities.
    SEC. 270. GRANT TO SUPPORT RESEARCH ON EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS AGENTS 
      AND MATERIALS BY MILITARY PERSONNEL WHO SERVED IN THE PERSIAN GULF 
      WAR.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) A number of veterans of the Persian Gulf War have reported 
    unexplained illnesses and claim that such illnesses are a 
    consequence of exposure to hazardous agents or materials as a result 
    of service in Southwest Asia during the Persian Gulf War.
        (2) Reports indicate that members of the Armed Forces who served 
    in Southwest Asia during the Persian Gulf War may have been exposed 
    to hazardous agents, including chemical warfare agents, biotoxins, 
    and other substances during such service.
        (3) It is in the interest of the United States that medical 
    professionals providing care to members of the Armed Forces and to 
    veterans understand the nature of the illnesses that such members 
    and veterans may contract in order to ensure that such professionals 
    have sufficient information to provide proper care to such members 
    and veterans.
    (b) Grant To Support Establishment of Research Facility To Study 
Low-Level Chemical Sensitivities.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to make a grant in the amount of $1,200,000 to a medical 
research institution for the purpose of constructing and equipping a 
specialized environmental medical facility at that institution for the 
conduct of research into the possible health effect of exposure to low 
levels of hazardous chemicals, including chemical warfare agents and 
other substances and the individual susceptibility of humans to such 
exposure under environmentally controlled conditions, and for the 
conduct of such research, especially among persons who served on active 
duty in the Southwest Asia theater of operations during the Persian Gulf 
War. The grant shall be made in consultation with the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of Health and Human Services. The 
institution to which the grant is to be made shall be selected through 
established acquisition procedures.
    (c) Funding Source.--Funds for the grant under subsection (b) shall 
be made from amounts appropriated to the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 1994 for research, development, test, and evaluation.
    (d) Selection Criteria.--To be eligible to be selected for a grant 
under subsection (b), an institution must meet each of the following 
requirements:
        (1) Be affiliated with an accredited hospital and be affiliated 
    with, and in close proximity to, a Department of Defense medical and 
    a Department of Veterans Affairs medical center.
        (2) Enter into an agreement with the Secretary of Defense to 
    ensure that research personnel of those affiliated medical 
    facilities and other relevant Federal personnel may have access to 
    the facility to carry out research.
        (3) Have demonstrated potential or ability to ensure the 
    participation of scientific personnel with expertise in research on 
    possible chemical sensitivities to low-level exposure to hazardous 
    chemicals and other substances.
        (4) Have immediate access to sophisticated physiological imaging 
    (including functional brain imaging) and other innovative research 
    technology that could better define the possible health effects of 
    low-level exposure to hazardous chemicals and other substances and 
    lead to new therapies.
    (e) Participation by the Department of Defense.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that each element of the Department of Defense 
provides to the medical research institution that is awarded the grant 
under subsection (b) any information possessed by that element on 
hazardous agents and materials to which members of the Armed Forces may 
have been exposed as a result of service in Southwest Asia during the 
Persian Gulf War and on the effects upon humans of such exposure. To the 
extent available, the information provided shall include unit 
designations, locations, and times for those instances in which such 
exposure is alleged to have occurred.
    (f) Reports to Congress.--Not later than October 1, 1994, and 
annually thereafter for the period that research described in subsection 
(b) is being carried out at the facility constructed with the grant made 
under this section, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the results during the year preceding the 
report of the research and studies carried out under the grant.
    SEC. 271. RESEARCH ON EXPOSURE TO DEPLETED URANIUM BY MILITARY 
      PERSONNEL WHO SERVED IN THE PERSIAN GULF WAR.
    (a) Grant To Support Research On The Effects Of Depleted Uranium.--
From the funds appropriated or otherwise made available in fiscal year 
1994 for research, development, test, and evaluation for the Department 
of Defense, the Secretary of Defense is authorized to make a competitive 
award of a grant in the amount of $1,700,000 to a medical research 
institution for the purpose of studying the possible health effects of 
battlefield exposure to depleted uranium, including exposure through 
ingestion, inhalation, or bodily injury. The selection of the 
institution to which the grant is awarded shall be made in accordance 
with established defense acquisition procedures.
    (b) Research Program.--The research to be conducted at the facility 
for which a grant is made under subsection (a) shall explore the 
possible short-term and long-term health effects of exposure to depleted 
uranium, including exposure through ingestion, inhalation, or bodily 
injury, and the individual susceptibility of service personnel to such 
exposure. Such research shall focus on (but not be limited to) persons 
who may have been exposed to depleted uranium while serving on active 
duty in the theater of operations during the Persian Gulf War. The 
specific objectives of the study shall include investigation of the 
pathology of depleted uranium fragments under controlled conditions, 
including--
        (1) assessment of the toxico-kinetic properties of the various 
    chemical forms of depleted uranium that could be inhaled, ingested, 
    or imbedded;
        (2) examination of whether there are depleted uranium cancer 
    induction mechanisms similar to those observed in Thorotrast-
    specific liver cancers;
        (3) determination of whether the radiogenic effects described in 
    paragraphs (1) and (2) occur and, if so, at what fragment densities 
    and latent periods;
        (4) assessment of long-term, low-dose-rate irradiation of 
    specific tissues, such as those of the nervous system;
        (5) determination of the potential for chronic nephrotoxicity as 
    a function of the organ exposed to depleted uranium; and
        (6) conduct of pathological studies of tissue surrounding 
    depleted uranium particles.
    (c) Reports To Congress.--Not later than October 1, 1994, and 
annually thereafter for the period that research described in subsection 
(a) is being carried out under the grant made under this section, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the results of such research during the year preceding the report.
    SEC. 272. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON METALCASTING AND CERAMIC 
      SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE INDUSTRIES.
    (a) Metalcasting Industry.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the health and viability of the metalcasting industry of the 
    United States are at serious risk; and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense should seriously consider providing 
    funds, from the funds made available pursuant to section 201, for 
    research and development activities of the metalcasting industry, 
    including the following activities:
            (A) Development of casting technologies and techniques.
            (B) Improvement of technology transfer within the 
        metalcasting industry in the United States.
            (C) Improvement of training for the metalcasting industry 
        workforce.
    (b) Ceramic Semiconductor Package Industry.--It is the sense of 
Congress that--
        (1) the health and viability of the ceramic semiconductor 
    package industry of the United States are at serious risk, as 
    demonstrated by the action plan relating to the ceramic 
    semiconductor package industry issued by the Secretary of Commerce 
    on August 15, 1993;
        (2) advanced ceramic semiconductor packages are critical 
    components under section 107 of the Defense Production Act (50 
    U.S.C. App. 2077);
        (3) the technologies used in producing ceramic and advanced 
    ceramic semiconductor packages are dual-use technologies; and
        (4) the Secretary of Defense should provide funds for support of 
    the domestic ceramic semiconductor package industry through the 
    following types of activities:
            (A) Research and development.
            (B) Procurement by the Department of Defense of ceramic 
        semiconductor packages made in the United States.
            (C) Assistance to the industry in meeting qualification 
        specifications of the Department of Defense for procurement 
        solicitations.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDING.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance in amounts as follows:
        (1) For the Army, $15,907,246,000.
        (2) For the Navy, $20,076,440,000.
        (3) For the Marine Corps, $1,860,056,000.
        (4) For the Air Force, $19,330,109,000.
        (5) For Defense-wide activities, $9,235,461,000.
        (6) For Medical Programs, Defense, $9,379,447,000.
        (7) For the Army Reserve, $1,095,590,000.
        (8) For the Naval Reserve, $772,706,000.
        (9) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $82,950,000.
        (10) For the Air Force Reserve, $1,346,292,000.
        (11) For the Army National Guard, $2,216,544,000.
        (12) For the Air National Guard, $2,639,204,000.
        (13) For the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice, 
    $2,483,000.
        (14) For the Defense Inspector General, $161,001,000.
        (15) For Drug Interdiction and Counter-drug Activities, Defense-
    wide, $868,200,000.
        (16) For the Court of Military Appeals, $6,055,000.
        (17) For Environmental Restoration, Defense, $1,962,400,000.
        (18) For Humanitarian Assistance, $48,000,000.
        (19) For support for the 1996 Summer Olympics, $2,000,000.
        (20) For support for the 1994 World Cup Games, $12,000,000.
        (21) For Former Soviet Union Threat Reduction, $400,000,000.

SEC. 302. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds in amounts as follows:
        (1) For the Defense Business Operations Fund, $1,116,095,000.
        (2) For the National Defense Sealift Fund, $290,800,000.

SEC. 303. ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME.

    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994 
from the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund the sum of $61,918,000 
for the operation of the Armed Forces Retirement Home, including the 
United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home and the Naval Home.
    SEC. 304. NATIONAL SECURITY EDUCATION TRUST FUND OBLIGATIONS.
    During fiscal year 1994, $24,000,000 is authorized to be obligated 
from the National Security Education Trust Fund established by section 
804(a) of the David L. Boren National Security Education Act of 1991 
(Public Law 102-183; 50 U.S.C. 1904(a)).

SEC. 305. TRANSFER FROM NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE FUND.

    (a) Transfer Authority.--To the extent provided in appropriations 
Acts, not more than $500,000,000 is authorized to be transferred from 
the National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund to operation and 
maintenance accounts for fiscal year 1994 in amounts as follows:
        (1) For the Army, $150,000,000.
        (2) For the Navy, $150,000,000.
        (3) For the Air Force, $200,000,000.
    (b) Treatment of Transfers.--Amounts transferred under this 
section--
        (1) shall be merged with and be available for the same purposes 
    and the same period as the amounts in the accounts to which 
    transferred; and
        (2) may not be expended for an item that has been denied 
    authorization of appropriations by Congress.
    (c) Relationship to Other Transfer Authority.--The transfer 
authority provided in this section is in addition to the transfer 
authority provided in section 1101.

SEC. 306. FUNDS FOR CLEARING LANDMINES.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301, not more than $10,000,000 shall be available for activities 
to support the clearing of landmines for humanitarian purposes (as 
determined by the Secretary of Defense), including the clearing of 
landmines in areas in which refugee repatriation programs are on-going.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the implementation of subsection (a). The 
report shall specify the following:
        (1) The amount of the funds made available under subsection (a) 
    that are to be expended.
        (2) The purposes for which the funds are to be expended.
        (3) The location of the landmine clearing activity.
        (4) Any use of United States military personnel or employees of 
    the Department of Defense in the activity.
        (5) Any use of non-Federal Government organizations in the 
    activity.
        (6) The relationship between the activity and the missions of 
    the Department of Defense.
                         Subtitle B--Limitations
    SEC. 311. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OF NAVAL AIR STATION, BERMUDA.
    (a) Prohibition.--No funds available to the Department of Defense 
for operation and maintenance may be used to operate Naval Air Station, 
Bermuda after September 1, 1995.
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 1994, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Congress a report that contains a plan for the 
termination of the operation of Naval Air Station, Bermuda.
    (c) Operation on Reimbursable Basis.--The Secretary of Defense may 
provide support for airfield operations at Naval Air Station, Bermuda 
after September 1, 1995, except that any such support shall be provided 
only on a reimbursable basis.
    SEC. 312. LIMITATION ON THE USE OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE GOLF COURSES.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§2246. Department of Defense golf courses: limitation on use of 
    appropriated funds
    ``(a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), funds 
appropriated to the Department of Defense may not be used to equip, 
operate, or maintain a golf course at a facility or installation of the 
Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--(1) Subsection (a) does not apply to a golf 
course at a facility or installation outside the United States or at a 
facility or installation inside the United States at a location 
designated by the Secretary of Defense as a remote and isolated 
location.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations governing 
the use of appropriated funds under this subsection.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such subchapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2246. Department of Defense golf courses: limitation on use of 
          appropriated funds.''.

    SEC. 313. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF CERTAIN COST COMPARISON STUDIES.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense may not, during the period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and ending on April 1, 1994, enter into a 
contract for the performance of a commercial activity if the contract 
results from a cost comparison study conducted by the Department of 
Defense under Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 (or any 
successor administrative regulation or policy).
    (b) Exceptions for Certain Contracts.--Subsection (a) does not apply 
to--
        (1) a contract to be carried out at a location outside the 
    United States at which members of the Armed Forces would otherwise 
    have to be used for the performance of an activity described in 
    subsection (a) at the expense of unit readiness; or
        (2) a contract (or the renewal of a contract) for the 
    performance of an activity under contract on September 30, 1992.
    SEC. 314. LIMITATION ON CONTRACTS WITH CERTAIN SHIP REPAIR COMPANIES 
      FOR SHIP REPAIR.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not enter into a 
contract having a value greater than $250,000 with a ship repair company 
referred to in subsection (b) for the overhaul, repair, or maintenance 
of a naval vessel until the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives the certification 
referred to in subsection (c).
    (b) Covered Ship Repair Company.--A ship repair company referred to 
in subsection (a) is a ship repair company located outside the United 
States that was the subject of a court inquiry into fatalities resulting 
from ship repairs performed by that company in fiscal year 1990, 1991, 
1992, or 1993.
    (c) Certification.--The certification referred to in subsection (a) 
is a certification that a ship repair company referred to in subsection 
(b) has initiated legal proceedings, or other proceedings, to compensate 
the survivors of each member of the Navy killed as a result of faulty 
ship repair performed by that company during a fiscal year referred to 
in such subsection.
    (d) Waiver.--A contract referred to in subsection (a) may be entered 
into pursuant to a waiver of the limitation in such subsection only 
after the Secretary of the Navy submits to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a certification 
that--
        (1) the work is for voyage repairs; or
        (2) there is a compelling national security reason for the work 
    to be done by the ship repair company.
    SEC. 315. REQUIREMENT OF PERFORMANCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF CERTAIN 
      REFLAGGING OR REPAIR WORK.
    (a) Requirement.--Section 2631 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``Only vessels''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b)(1) In each request for proposals to enter into a time-charter 
contract for the use of a vessel for the transportation of supplies 
under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall require that any 
reflagging or repair work on a vessel for which a proposal is submitted 
in response to the request for proposals be performed in the United 
States (including any territory of the United States).
    ``(2) In paragraph (1), the term `reflagging or repair work' means 
work performed on a vessel--
        ``(A) to enable the vessel to meet applicable standards to 
    become a vessel of the United States; or
        ``(B) to convert the vessel to a more useful military 
    configuration.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement described 
in paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that such waiver is 
critical to the national security of the United States. The Secretary 
shall immediately notify the Congress of any such waiver and the reasons 
for such waiver.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply 
to a vessel for which reflagging or repair work is necessary to be 
performed after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 316. PROHIBITION ON JOINT CIVIL AVIATION USE OF SELFRIDGE AIR 
      NATIONAL GUARD BASE, MICHIGAN.
    The Secretary of the Air Force may not enter into any agreement that 
would provide for or permit civil aircraft to regularly use Selfridge 
Air National Guard Base, Michigan.

SEC. 317. LOCATION OF CERTAIN PREPOSITIONING FACILITIES.

    (a) Site for Army Prepositioning Maintenance Facility.--The 
Secretary of the Army shall establish the Army Prepositioning 
Maintenance Facility at Charleston, South Carolina.
    (b) Limitation.--During the two-year period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
separate but complementary prepositioning facilities are maintained in 
Charleston, South Carolina, and Blount Island, Jacksonville, Florida, 
for the Army and Marine Corps, respectively.
    (c) Report Before Subsequent Relocation.--After the end of such two-
year period, the Secretary of the Navy may not relocate the Marine 
Prepositioning Forces from Blount Island, Jacksonville, Florida, until 
the Secretary of Defense has submitted to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a detailed cost 
analysis and operational analysis explaining the basis of the decision 
for such relocation.
              Subtitle C--Defense Business Operations Fund
    SEC. 331. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR USE OF THE DEFENSE BUSINESS 
      OPERATIONS FUND.
    Section 316(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (10 U.S.C. 2208 note) is amended by striking out 
``April 15, 1994'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``December 31, 1994''.
    SEC. 332. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DEFENSE BUSINESS OPERATIONS FUND.
    Section 316 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (10 U.S.C. 2208 note) is amended by striking out 
subsections (d), (e), and (f) and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following new subsections (d), (e), and (f):
    ``(d) Comprehensive Management Plan.--(1) Not later than 30 days 
after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1994, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a comprehensive management plan for the 
Defense Business Operations Fund. The Secretary shall identify in the 
plan the actions the Secretary will take to improve the implementation 
and operation of the Defense Business Operations Fund.
    ``(2)(A) The plan shall also include the following matters:
        ``(i) The specific tasks to be performed to address the serious 
    shortcomings that exist in the Fund's implementation and operation.
        ``(ii) Milestones for starting and completing each task.
        ``(iii) A statement of the resources needed to complete each 
    task.
        ``(iv) The specific organizations within the Department of 
    Defense that are responsible for accomplishing each task.
        ``(v) Department of Defense plans to monitor the implementation 
    of all corrective actions.
    ``(B) The plan shall also address the following specific areas:
        ``(i) The management and organizational structure of the Fund.
        ``(ii) The development and implementation of the policies and 
    procedures, including cash management and internal controls, 
    applicable to the Fund.
        ``(iii) Management reporting, including financial and 
    operational reporting.
        ``(iv) Accuracy and reliability of cost accounting data.
        ``(v) Development and use of performance indicators to measure 
    the efficiency and effectiveness of Fund operations.
        ``(vi) The status of efforts to develop and implement new 
    financial systems for the Fund.
    ``(e) Progress Report on Implementation.--Not later than February 1, 
1994, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the progress made in implementing the 
comprehensive management plan required by subsection (d). The report 
shall describe the progress made in reaching the milestones established 
in the plan and provide an explanation for the failure to meet any of 
the milestones. The Secretary shall submit a copy of the report to the 
Comptroller General of the United States at the same time the Secretary 
submits the report to the congressional defense committees.
    ``(f) Responsibilities of the Comptroller General.--(1) The 
Comptroller General shall monitor and evaluate the progress of the 
Department of Defense in developing and implementing the comprehensive 
management plan required by subsection (d).
    ``(2) Not later than March 1, 1994, the Comptroller General shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing the 
following:
        ``(A) The findings and conclusions of the Comptroller General 
    resulting from the monitoring and evaluation conducted under 
    paragraph (1).
        ``(B) An evaluation of the progress report submitted to the 
    congressional defense committees by the Secretary of Defense 
    pursuant to subsection (e).
        ``(C) Any recommendations for legislation or administrative 
    action concerning the Fund that the Comptroller General considers 
    appropriate.''.
    SEC. 333. CHARGES FOR GOODS AND SERVICES PROVIDED THROUGH THE 
      DEFENSE BUSINESS OPERATIONS FUND.
    (a) In General.--Charges for goods and services provided through the 
Defense Business Operations Fund--
        (1) shall include amounts necessary to recover the full costs 
    of--
            (A) the development, implementation, operation, and 
        maintenance of systems supporting the wholesale supply and 
        maintenance activities of the Department of Defense; and
            (B) the use of military personnel in the provision of the 
        goods and services, as computed by calculating, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, such costs if employees of the Department of 
        Defense were used in the provision of the goods and services; 
        and
        (2) shall not include amounts necessary to recover the costs of 
    a military construction project (as such term is defined in section 
    2801(b) of title 10, United States Code), other than a minor 
    construction project financed by the Defense Business Operations 
    Fund pursuant to section 2805(c)(1) of such title.
    (b) Defense Finance Accounting Services.--The full cost of the 
operation of the Defense Finance Accounting Service shall be financed 
within the Defense Business Operations Fund through charges for goods 
and services provided through the Fund.
    (c) Modification of Capital Asset Subaccount.--Section 342 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-
484; 10 U.S.C. 2208 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking out the third sentence;
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking out ``, to the extent 
    provided for in appropriations Acts''; and
        (3) in subsection (d), by striking out ``, during fiscal year 
    1993 and until April 15, 1994,''.
    SEC. 334. LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS AGAINST THE DEFENSE BUSINESS 
      OPERATIONS FUND.
    (a) Limitation.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may not incur 
obligations against the supply management divisions of the Defense 
Business Operations Fund during fiscal year 1994 in a total amount in 
excess of 65 percent of the total amount derived from sales from such 
divisions during that fiscal year.
    (2) For purposes of determining the amount of obligations incurred 
against, and sales from, such divisions during fiscal year 1994, the 
Secretary shall exclude obligations and sales for fuel, commissary and 
subsistence items, retail operations, repair of equipment and spare 
parts in support of repair, direct vendor deliveries, foreign military 
sales, initial outfitting requiring equipment furnished by the Federal 
Government, and the cost of operations.
    (b) Exception.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the limitation 
described in subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that such waiver 
is necessary in order to maintain the readiness and combat effectiveness 
of the Armed Forces. The Secretary shall immediately notify Congress of 
any such waiver and the reasons for such waiver.
                   Subtitle D--Depot-Level Activities

SEC. 341. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPOT TASK FORCE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a task 
force to assess the overall performance and management of depot-level 
activities of the Department of Defense. The assessment shall include 
the following:
        (1) The identification of the depot-level maintenance workloads 
    that were performed during each of fiscal years 1990 through 1993 
    for the military departments and the Defense Agencies by employees 
    of the Department of Defense and by non-Federal Government 
    personnel.
        (2) An estimate of the current capacity to carry out the 
    performance of depot-level maintenance workloads by employees of the 
    Department of Defense and by non-Federal Government personnel.
        (3) An identification of the rationale used by the Department of 
    Defense to support a decision to provide for the performance of a 
    depot-level maintenance workload by employees of the Department of 
    Defense or by non-Federal Government personnel.
        (4) An evaluation of the cost, manner, and quality of 
    performance of the depot-level maintenance workload by employees of 
    the Department of Defense and by non-Federal Government personnel.
        (5) An evaluation of the manner of determining the core workload 
    requirements for depot-level maintenance workloads performed by 
    employees of the Department of Defense.
        (6) A comparison of the methods by which the rates and prices 
    for depot-level maintenance workloads performed by employees of the 
    Department of Defense are determined with the methods by which such 
    rates and prices are determined for depot-level maintenance 
    workloads performed by non-Federal Government personnel.
        (7) A discussion of the issues involved in determining the 
    balance between the amount of depot-level maintenance workloads 
    assigned for performance by employees of the Department of Defense 
    and the amount of depot-level maintenance workloads assigned for 
    performance by non-Federal Government personnel, including the 
    preservation of surge capabilities and essential industrial base 
    capabilities needed in the event of mobilization.
        (8) An identification of the depot-level functions and 
    activities that are suitable for performance by employees of the 
    Department of Defense and the depot-level functions and activities 
    that are suitable for performance by non-Federal Government 
    personnel.
        (9) An identification of the management and organizational 
    structure of the Department of Defense necessary for the Department 
    to provide the optimal management of depot-level maintenance and the 
    allocation of related resources.
    (b) Membership.--The task force established pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall be composed of individuals from the Department of Defense and 
the private sector who--
        (1) have expertise in the management of depot-level activities;
        (2) have expertise in acquisition;
        (3) have expertise in the management of relevant items and 
    weapon systems; and
        (4) are or have been users of depot-level maintenance products 
    produced by employees of the Department of Defense and by non-
    Federal Government personnel.
    (c) Pay and Travel Expenses.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph 
(3), each member of the task force shall be paid at a rate equal to the 
daily equivalent of the minimum annual rate of basic pay payable for 
level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United 
States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the 
member is engaged in the actual performance of the duties of the task 
force.
    (2) Each member of the task force shall receive travel expenses, 
including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 
5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.
    (3) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a member of the task force 
who is an employee of the Department of Defense or a member of the Armed 
Forces may not receive additional pay, allowances, or benefits by reason 
of such individual's service on the task force.
    (d) Administrative Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
the task force with the administrative, professional, and technical 
support required by the task force to carry out its duties under this 
section.
    (e) Report.--Not later than April 1, 1994, the task force shall 
submit to the Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense 
committees a report on the results of the assessment conducted under 
subsection (a) and the recommendations of the task force for any 
legislative and administrative action the task force considers to be 
appropriate.
    (f) Termination.--The task force shall terminate not later than 60 
days after submitting its report pursuant to subsection (e).
    SEC. 342. LIMITATION ON CONSOLIDATION OF MANAGEMENT OF DEPOT-LEVEL 
      MAINTENANCE WORKLOAD.
    The Secretary of Defense may not, during fiscal year 1994, 
consolidate the management of the depot-level maintenance workload of 
the Department of Defense under a single Defense-wide entity.
    SEC. 343. CONTINUATION OF CERTAIN PERCENTAGE LIMITATIONS ON THE 
      PERFORMANCE OF DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE.
    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the percentage 
limitations applicable to the depot-level maintenance workload performed 
by non-Federal Government personnel set forth in section 2466 of title 
10, United States Code, are adhered to.
    SEC. 344. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN DEPOT-
      LEVEL WORK BY FOREIGN CONTRACTORS.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense should not contract for the performance by a person 
or organization described in subsection (b) of any depot-level 
maintenance work on equipment located in the United States if the 
Secretary determines that the work could be performed in the United 
States on a cost-effective basis and without significant adverse effect 
on the readiness of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Covered Persons and Organizations.--A person or organization 
referred to in subsection (a) is a person or organization which is not 
part of the national technology and industrial base, as such term is 
defined in section 2491(1) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 345. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE ROLE OF DEPOT-LEVEL ACTIVITIES OF 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The depot-level maintenance and repair activities of the 
    Department of Defense provide the Armed Forces with a critical 
    capacity to respond to the needs of the Armed Forces for depot-level 
    maintenance and repair of weapon systems and equipment.
        (2) The depot-level maintenance and repair activities of the 
    Department of Defense provide the Department with capabilities that 
    are uniquely suited to responding to the increased need for repair 
    and maintenance of weapon systems and equipment which may arise in 
    times of national crisis.
        (3) The skilled employees and equipment of the depot-level 
    maintenance and repair activities of the Department of Defense are 
    an essential component of the overall defense industrial base of the 
    United States.
        (4) The critical role of the depot-level maintenance and repair 
    activities of the Department of Defense is recognized in section 
    2466 of title 10, United States Code, which provides that the 
    Secretary of a military department and, with respect to a Defense 
    Agency, the Secretary of Defense, may not contract for the 
    performance by non-Federal Government personnel of more than 40 
    percent of the depot-level maintenance workload for the military 
    department or the Defense Agency.
        (5) Maintenance of this critical industrial capability in the 
    Department of Defense requires that an appropriate level of the 
    depot-level maintenance and repair of new weapon systems be assigned 
    to depot-level maintenance and repair activities of the Department 
    of Defense.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that, in 
order to maintain the critical depot-level maintenance and repair 
capability for military weapon systems and equipment, the Secretary of 
Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that a 
sufficient amount of the depot-level maintenance and repair of new 
weapon systems and equipment is assigned to depot-level maintenance and 
repair activities of the Department of Defense, consistent with the 
requirements of section 2466 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 346. CONTRACTS TO PERFORM WORKLOADS PREVIOUSLY PERFORMED BY 
      DEPOT-LEVEL ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 2469 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(a) Requirement for Competition.--''P before 
    ``The Secretary of Defense'';
        (2) by striking out ``threshold'';
        (3) by striking out ``unless'' and all that follows and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``to performance by a contractor unless 
    the Secretary uses competitive procedures for the selection of the 
    contractor to perform such workload.''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Inapplicability of OMB Circular A-76.--The use of Office of 
Management and Budget Circular A-76 shall not apply to a performance 
change under subsection (a).''.
    SEC. 347. AUTHORITY TO WAIVE CERTAIN CLAIMS OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Description of Claims Involved.--This section applies with 
respect to any claim of the United States against an individual which 
relates to a bonus or other payment awarded to such individual under a 
productivity gainsharing program based on work performed by such 
individual as an employee of Naval Aviation Depot, Norfolk, Virginia, or 
as an employee of Naval Aviation Depot, Jacksonville, Florida, after 
September 30, 1988, and before October 1, 1992.
    (b) Waiver Authority Available Without Regard to Amount Involved.--
Notwithstanding the limitation set forth in section 2774(a)(2)(A) of 
title 10, United States Code, any waiver authority under section 
2774(a)(2) of such title may be exercised, with respect to any claim 
described in subsection (a) of this section, without regard to the 
amount involved.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 1994, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
specifies--
        (1) the circumstances under which each overpayment of a bonus or 
    other payment referred to in subsection (a) was made;
        (2) the number of individuals to whom such an overpayment was 
    made;
        (3) the total amount of such overpayments; and
        (4) any action planned or initiated by the Secretary to prevent 
    the occurrence of similar overpayments in the future.
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``productivity 
gainsharing program'' means a productivity gainsharing program 
established under chapter 45 or section 5407 of title 5, United States 
Code, or Executive Order No. 12637 (31 U.S.C. 501 note).
             Subtitle E--Commissaries and Military Exchanges
    SEC. 351. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OF COMMISSARY STORES BY ACTIVE 
      DUTY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 49 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 976 the following new section:
``§977. Operation of commissary stores: assignment of active duty 
    members generally prohibited
    ``(a) General Rule.--A member of the armed forces on active duty may 
not be assigned to the operation of a commissary store.
    ``(b) Exception for DCA Director.--The Secretary of Defense may 
assign an officer on the active-duty list to serve as the Director of 
the Defense Commissary Agency.
    ``(c) Exception for Certain Additional Members.--Beginning on 
October 1, 1996, not more than 18 members (in addition to the officer 
referred to in subsection (b)) of the armed forces on active duty may be 
assigned to the Defense Commissary Agency. Members who may be assigned 
under this subsection to regional headquarters of the agency shall be 
limited to enlisted members assigned to duty as advisors in the regional 
headquarters responsible for overseas commissaries and to veterinary 
specialists.
    ``(d) Exception for Certain Navy Personnel.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Navy may assign to the Defense Commissary Agency a member of the 
Navy on active duty whose assignment afloat is part of the operation of 
a ship's food service or a ship's store. Any such assignment shall be on 
a nonreimbursable basis.
    ``(2) The number of such members assigned to the Defense Commissary 
Agency during any period before October 1, 1996, may not exceed the 
number of such members so assigned on October 1, 1993. After September 
30, 1996, the number of such members so assigned may not exceed the 
lesser of (A) the number of members so assigned on October 1, 1993, and 
(B) 400.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
976 the following new item:
``977. Operation of commissary stores: assignment of active duty members 
          generally prohibited.''.

    SEC. 352. MODERNIZATION OF AUTOMATED DATA PROCESSING CAPABILITY OF 
      THE DEFENSE COMMISSARY AGENCY.
    In order to perform inside the Defense Commissary Agency all 
automated data processing functions of the Agency as soon as possible, 
the Secretary of Defense shall, consistent with other applicable law, 
take any action necessary to expedite the modernization of the automated 
data processing capability of the Agency, including the adoption of the 
use of commercial grocery industry practices and financial management 
programs with respect to such processing.
    SEC. 353. OPERATION OF STARS AND STRIPES BOOKSTORES OVERSEAS BY THE 
      MILITARY EXCHANGES.
    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the 
commencement, not later than October 1, 1994, of the operation of Stars 
and Stripes bookstores outside of the United States by the military 
exchanges.
    (b) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out subsection (a).
    SEC. 354. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RELOCATION EXPENSES OF THE NAVY 
      EXCHANGE SERVICE COMMAND.
    Of funds authorized to be appropriated under section 301(2), not 
more than $10,000,000 shall be available to provide for the payment of 
expenses incurred by the Navy Exchange Service Command to relocate 
functions and activities from Naval Station, Staten Island, New York, to 
Norfolk, Virginia.
                        Subtitle F--Other Matters
    SEC. 361. EMERGENCY AND EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSE AUTHORITY FOR THE 
      INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 127 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``, the Inspector 
        General of the Department of Defense,'' after ``the Secretary of 
        Defense'';
            (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or the Inspector 
        General'' after ``the Secretary concerned''; and
            (C) in the third sentence, by inserting ``or the Inspector 
        General'' after ``The Secretary concerned'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, by the Inspector General 
    to any person in the Office of the Inspector General,'' after ``the 
    Department of Defense''; and
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The amount of funds expended by the Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense under subsections (a) and (b) during a fiscal year 
may not exceed $400,000.''.
    SEC. 362. AUTHORITY FOR CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE ARMY TO ACT ON 
      REPORTS OF SURVEY.
    Section 4835 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``or any civilian employee 
    of the Department of the Army'' after ``any officer of the Army''; 
    and
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking out ``an officer of the Army 
    designated by him.'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the Secretary's 
    designee. The Secretary may designate officers of the Army or 
    civilian employees of the Department of the Army to approve such 
    action.''.
    SEC. 363. EXTENSION OF GUIDELINES FOR REDUCTIONS IN CIVILIAN 
      POSITIONS.
    (a) Extension of Guidelines.--Section 1597 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking out ``during fiscal year 
    1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``during a fiscal year''; and
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking out ``for fiscal year 1993''.
    (b) Update of Master Plan.--Section 1597(c) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``for fiscal year 1994'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``for each fiscal year'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (3), by adding at the end 
    the following new clause:
            ``(vii) The total number of individuals employed by 
        contractors and subcontractors of the Department of Defense 
        under a contract or subcontract entered into pursuant to Office 
        of Management and Budget Circular A-76 to perform commercial 
        activities for the Department of Defense, a military department, 
        a defense agency, or other component.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall include in the materials 
referred to in paragraph (1) a report on the implementation of the 
master plan for the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year 
for which such materials are submitted.''.

SEC. 364. AUTHORITY TO EXTEND MAILING PRIVILEGES.

    Paragraph (1) of section 3401(a) of title 39, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the matter before subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by inserting ``an individual who is'' before ``a 
        member''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or a civilian, otherwise authorized to 
        use postal services at Armed Forces installations, who holds a 
        position or performs one or more functions in support of 
        military operations, as designated by the military theater 
        commander,'' after ``section 101 of title 10,''; and
        (2) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by striking ``the member'' and 
    inserting ``such individual''.
    SEC. 365. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO USE 
      NATIONAL GUARD PERSONNEL IN MEDICALLY UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES.
    (a) Pilot Program.--Subsection (a) of section 376 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
U.S.C. 501 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``Under regulations prescribed by the 
    Secretary of Defense, the'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``The'';
        (2) by inserting ``, approved by the Secretary of Defense,'' 
    after ``enter into an agreement''; and
        (3) by striking out ``fiscal years 1993 and 1994'' and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ``fiscal years 1993, 1994, and 1995''.
    (b) Funding Assistance.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(b) Funding Assistance.--Amounts made available from Department of 
Defense accounts for operation and maintenance and for pay and 
allowances to carry out the pilot program shall be apportioned by the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau among those States with which the 
Chief has entered into approved agreements. In addition to such amounts, 
the Chief of the National Guard Bureau may authorize any such State, in 
order to carry out the pilot program during a fiscal year, to use funds 
received as part of the operation and maintenance allotments and the pay 
and allowances allotments for the National Guard of the State for that 
fiscal year.''.
    (c) Supplies and Equipment.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) as 
    subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Supplies and Equipment.--(1) Funds made available from 
Department of Defense operation and maintenance accounts to carry out 
the pilot program may be used for the purchase of supplies and equipment 
necessary for the provision of health care under the pilot program.
    ``(2) In addition to supplies and equipment provided through the use 
of funds under paragraph (1), supplies and equipment described in such 
paragraph that are furnished by a State, a Federal agency, a private 
agency, or an individual may be used to carry out the pilot program.''.
    (d) Service of Participants.--Subsection (f) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (c)(1), is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Service of Participants.--Service in the pilot program by a 
member of the National Guard shall be considered training in the 
member's Federal status as a member of the National Guard of a State 
under section 270 of title 10, United States Code, and section 502 of 
title 32, United States Code.''.
    (e) Report.--Subsection (g) of such section, as redesignated by 
subsection (c)(1), is amended by striking out ``January 1, 1994'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``January 1, 1995''.
    (f) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `health care' includes medical care services and 
    dental care services.
        ``(2) The term `Governor', with respect to the District of 
    Columbia, means the commanding general of the District of Columbia 
    National Guard.
        ``(3) The term `State' includes the District of Columbia, the 
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.''.
    SEC. 366. AMENDMENTS TO THE ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME ACT OF 
      1991.
    (a) Support for Home by Department of Defense.--Section 1511 of the 
Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (title XV of Public Law 101-
510; 24 U.S.C. 411) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Department of Defense Support.--The Secretary of Defense may 
make available to the Retirement Home, on a nonreimbursable basis, 
administrative support and office services, legal and policy planning 
assistance, access to investigative facilities of the Inspector General 
of the Department of Defense and of the military departments, and any 
other support necessary to enable the Retirement Home to carry out its 
functions under this Act.''.
    (b) Authority of Retirement Home Chairman.--Paragraph (1) of section 
1515(d) of such Act (24 U.S.C. 415(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(1)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall select one of the members of 
the Retirement Home Board to serve as chairman. The term of office of 
the chairman shall be five years. At the discretion of the Secretary a 
chairman may serve a second five-year term of office as chairman.
    ``(B) The chairman shall act as the chief executive officer of the 
Armed Forces Retirement Home and while so acting shall not be 
responsible to the Secretary of Defense or to the Secretaries of the 
military departments for direction and management of the Retirement Home 
or each facility maintained as a separate facility of the Retirement 
Home.
    ``(C) The chairman may appoint, in addition to such ad hoc 
committees as the chairman determines to be appropriate, a standing 
executive committee to act for, and in the name of, the Retirement Home 
Board at such times and on such matters as the chairman considers 
necessary to expedite the efficient and timely management of each 
facility maintained as a separate facility of the Retirement Home.
    ``(D) The chairman may appoint an administrative staff to assist the 
chairman in the performance of the duties of the chairman. The chairman 
shall determine the rates of pay applicable to such staff, except that a 
staff member who is a member of the Armed Forces on active duty or who 
is a full-time officer or employee of the United States shall receive no 
additional pay by reason of service on the administrative staff.''.
    (c) Hospital Care for Home Residents.--Section 1513(b) of such Act 
(24 U.S.C. 413(b)) is amended by striking out the second sentence and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``Secondary and tertiary 
hospital care for residents that is not available at a facility 
maintained as a separate establishment of the Retirement Home shall, to 
the extent available, be obtained by agreement with the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs or the Secretary of Defense in a facility administered 
by such Secretary. The Retirement Home shall not be responsible for the 
costs incurred for such care by a resident of the Retirement Home who 
uses a private medical facility for such care.''.
    (d) Disposition of Estates of Deceased Persons.--Subsection (a) of 
section 1520 of such Act (24 U.S.C. 420) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Disposition of Effects of Deceased Persons.--The Director of 
each facility that is maintained as a separate establishment of the 
Retirement Home shall safeguard and dispose of the estate and personal 
effects of deceased residents, including effects delivered to such 
facility under sections 4712(f) and 9712(f) of title 10, United States 
Code, and shall ensure the following:
        ``(1) A will or other instrument of a testamentary nature 
    involving property rights executed by a resident shall be promptly 
    delivered, upon the death of the resident, to the proper court of 
    record.
        ``(2) If a resident dies intestate and the heirs or legal 
    representative of the deceased cannot be immediately ascertained, 
    the Director shall retain all property left by the decedent for a 
    three-year period beginning on the date of the death. If entitlement 
    to such property is established to the satisfaction of the Director 
    at any time during the three-year period, the Director shall 
    distribute the decedent's property, in equal pro-rata shares when 
    multiple beneficiaries have been identified, to the highest 
    following categories of identified survivors (listed in the order of 
    precedence indicated):
            ``(A) The surviving spouse or legal representative.
            ``(B) The children of the deceased.
            ``(C) The parents of the deceased.
            ``(D) The siblings of the deceased.
            ``(E) The next-of-kin of the deceased.''.
    (e) Sale of Effects.--Subsection (b) of such section 1520 is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(b) Sale of Effects.--(1)(A) If the disposition of the estate of a 
resident of the Retirement Home cannot be accomplished under subsection 
(a)(2) or if a resident dies testate and the nominated fiduciary, 
legatees, or heirs of the resident cannot be immediately ascertained, 
the entirety of the deceased resident's domiciliary estate and the 
entirety of any ancillary estate that is unclaimed at the end of the 
three-year period beginning on the date of the death of the resident 
shall escheat to the Retirement Home.
    ``(B) Upon the sale of any such unclaimed estate property, the 
proceeds of the sale shall be deposited in the Retirement Home Trust 
Fund.
    ``(C) If a personal representative or other fiduciary is appointed 
to administer a deceased resident's estate and the administration is 
completed before the end of such three-year period, the balance of the 
entire net proceeds of the estate, less expenses, shall be deposited 
directly in the Retirement Home Trust Fund. The heirs or legatees of the 
deceased resident may file a claim made with the Comptroller General of 
the United States to reclaim such proceeds. A determination of the claim 
by the Comptroller General shall be subject to judicial review 
exclusively by the United States Court of Federal Claims.
    ``(2)(A) The Director of a facility maintained as a separate 
establishment of the Retirement Home may designate an attorney to serve 
as attorney or agent for the facility in any probate proceeding in which 
the Retirement Home may have a legal interest as nominated fiduciary, 
testamentary legatee, escheat legatee, or in any other capacity.
    ``(B) An attorney designated under this paragraph may, in the 
domiciliary jurisdiction of the deceased resident and in any ancillary 
jurisdiction, petition for appointment as fiduciary. The attorney shall 
have priority over any petitioners (other than the deceased resident's 
nominated fiduciary, named legatees, or heirs) to serve as fiduciary. In 
a probate proceeding in which the heirs of an intestate deceased 
resident cannot be located and in a probate proceeding in which the 
nominated fiduciary, legatees, or heirs of a testate deceased resident 
cannot be located, the attorney shall be appointed as the fiduciary of 
the deceased resident's estate.
    ``(3) The designation of an employee or representative of a facility 
of the Retirement Home as personal representative of the estate of a 
resident of the Retirement Home or as a legatee under the will or 
codicil of the resident shall not disqualify an employee or staff member 
of that facility from serving as a competent witness to a will or 
codicil of the resident.
    ``(4) After the end of the three-year period beginning on the date 
of the death of a resident of a facility, the Director of the facility 
shall dispose of all property of the deceased resident that is not 
otherwise disposed of under this subsection, including personal effects 
such as decorations, medals, and citations to which a right has not been 
established under subsection (a). Disposal may be made within the 
discretion of the Director by--
        ``(A) retaining such property or effects for the facility;
        ``(B) offering such items to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 
    a State, another military home, a museum, or any other institution 
    having an interest in such items; or
        ``(C) destroying any items determined by the Director to be 
    valueless.''.
    (f) Applicability.--Section 1541 of such Act (24 U.S.C. 401 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Applicability.--Section 1520 of this Act shall apply to the 
estate of each resident of the Armed Forces Retirement Home, including 
the United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home and the Naval Home, who 
dies after November 29, 1989.''.
    SEC. 367. MODIFICATION OF RESTRICTION ON REPAIR OF CERTAIN VESSELS 
      THE HOMEPORT OF WHICH IS PLANNED FOR REASSIGNMENT.
    Subsection (b) of section 7310 of title 10, United States Code, as 
inserted by section 824(b), is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Vessel Changing Homeports.--(1) In the case of a naval vessel 
the homeport of which is not in the United States (or a territory of the 
United States), the Secretary of the Navy may not during the 15-month 
period preceding the planned reassignment of the vessel to a homeport in 
the United States (or a territory of the United States) begin any work 
for the overhaul, repair, or maintenance of the vessel that is scheduled 
to be for a period of more than six months.
    ``(2) In the case of a naval vessel the homeport of which is in the 
United States (or a territory of the United States), the Secretary of 
the Navy shall during the 15-month period preceding the planned 
reassignment of the vessel to a homeport not in the United States (or a 
territory of the United States) perform in the United States (or a 
territory of the United States) any work for the overhaul, repair, or 
maintenance of the vessel that is scheduled--
        ``(A) to begin during the 15-month period; and
        ``(B) to be for a period of more than six months.''.
    SEC. 368. ESCORTS AND FLAGS FOR CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES WHO DIE WHILE 
      SERVING IN AN ARMED CONFLICT WITH THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 75 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1482 the following new section:
``§1482a. Expenses incident to death: Civilian employees serving 
      with an armed force

    ``(a) Payment of Expenses.--The Secretary concerned may pay the 
expenses incident to the death of a civilian employee who dies of 
injuries incurred in connection with the employee's service with an 
armed force in a contingency operation, or who dies of injuries incurred 
in connection with a terrorist incident occurring during the employee's 
service with an armed force, as follows:
        ``(1) Round-trip transportation and prescribed allowances for 
    one person to escort the remains of the employee to the place 
    authorized under section 5742(b)(1) of title 5.
        ``(2) Presentation of a flag of the United States to the next of 
    kin of the employee.
        ``(3) Presentation of a flag of equal size to the flag presented 
    under paragraph (2) to the parents or parent of the employee, if the 
    person to be presented a flag under paragraph (2) is other than the 
    parent of the employee.
    ``(b) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to implement this section. The Secretary of Transportation 
shall prescribe regulations to implement this section with regard to 
civilian employees of the Department of Transportation. Regulations 
under this subsection shall be uniform to the extent possible and shall 
provide for the Secretary's consideration of the conditions and 
circumstances surrounding the death of an employee and the nature of the 
employee's service with the armed force.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `civilian employee' means a person employed by 
    the Federal Government, including a person entitled to basic pay in 
    accordance with the General Schedule provided in section 5332 of 
    title 5 or a similar basic pay schedule of the Federal Government.
        ``(2) The term `contingency operation' includes humanitarian 
    operations, peacekeeping operations, and similar operations.
        ``(3) The term `parent' has the meaning given such term in 
    section 1482(a)(11) of this title.
        ``(4) The term `Secretary concerned' includes the Secretary of 
    Defense with respect to employees of the Department of Defense who 
    are not employees of a military department.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 75 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 1482 the following new item:
``1482a. Expenses incident to death: Civilian employees serving with an 
          armed force.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
with respect to the payment of incidental expenses for civilian 
employees who die while serving in a contingency operation that occurs 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 369. MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF PACIFIC BATTLE MONUMENTS.
    (a) Authority.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps may provide 
necessary minor maintenance and repairs to the Pacific battle monuments 
until such time as the Secretary of the American Battle Monuments 
Commission and the Commandant of the Marine Corps agree that the repair 
and maintenance will be performed by the American Battle Monuments 
Commission.
    (b) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to the 
Marine Corps for operation and maintenance in a fiscal year, not more 
than $15,000 may be made available to repair and maintain Pacific battle 
monuments, except that of the amounts available to the Marine Corps for 
operation and maintenance in fiscal year 1994, $150,000 may be made 
available to repair and relocate a monument located on Iwo Jima 
commemorating the heroic efforts of United States military personnel 
during World War II.

SEC. 370. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PROGRAMS.

    (a) Demonstration Project for Use of Proceeds From the Sale of 
Certain Property.--(1) Section 343(d)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 
105 Stat. 1344) is amended by striking out ``terminate at the end of the 
two-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``terminate on December 5, 1994''.
    (2) Section 343(e) of such Act is amended by striking out ``60 days 
after the end of the two-year period described in subsection (d)'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``February 3, 1995''.
    (b) Authority for Aviation Depots and Naval Shipyards To Engage in 
Defense-Related Production and Services.--Section 1425(e) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-
510; 104 Stat. 1684) is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1994''.
    (c) Authority of Base Commanders Over Contracting for Commercial 
Activities.--Section 2468(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``September 30, 1994''.

SEC. 371. SHIPS' STORES.

    (a) Conversion to Operation as Nonappropriated Fund 
Instrumentalities.--Not later than October 1, 1994, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall convert the operation of all ships' stores from operation as 
an activity funded by direct appropriations to operation by the Navy 
Exchange Service Command as an activity funded from sources other than 
appropriated funds.
    (b) Transfer of Funds.--To facilitate the conversion required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy shall transfer to the Navy 
Exchange Service Command, without cost to the Navy Exchange Service 
Command, from--
        (1) the Navy Stock Fund, an amount equal to the value of 
    existing ships' stores assets in that Fund; and
        (2) the Ships' Stores Profits, Navy Fund, residual cash in that 
    Fund.
    (c) Codification.--Section 7604 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(a) In General.--'' before ``Under such 
    regulations''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) Incidental Services.--The Secretary of the Navy may provide 
financial services, space, utilities, and labor to ships' stores on a 
nonreimbursable basis.
    ``(c) Items Sold.--Merchandise sold by ship stores afloat shall 
include items in the following categories:
        ``(1) Health, beauty, and barber items.
        ``(2) Prerecorded music and videos.
        ``(3) Photographic batteries and related supplies.
        ``(4) Appliances and accessories.
        ``(5) Uniform items, emblematic and athletic clothing, and 
    equipment.
        ``(6) Luggage and leather goods.
        ``(7) Stationery, magazines, books, and supplies.
        ``(8) Sundry, games, and souvenirs.
        ``(9) Beverages and related food and snacks.
        ``(10) Laundry, tailor, and cleaning supplies.
        ``(11) Tobacco products.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--Subsections (b) and (c) of section 7604 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (c), shall take 
effect on the date on which the Secretary of the Navy completes the 
conversion referred to in subsection (a).

SEC. 372. PROMOTION OF CIVILIAN MARKSMANSHIP.

    Section 4308(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, such amounts shall remain available until expended.''.
    SEC. 373. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT 
      DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Eligible Local Educational Agencies.--Section 386(c) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-
484; 20 U.S.C. 238 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``or'' at the end of paragraph (1);
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph 
    (2):
        ``(2) there has been a significant increase, as determined by 
    the Secretary of Defense, in the number of military dependent 
    students in average daily attendance in the schools of that agency 
    as a result of a relocation of Armed Forces personnel or civilian 
    employees of the Department of Defense or as a result of a 
    realignment of one or more military installations; or''; and
        (4) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
    inserting ``or (2)'' before the period at the end.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 386 of such Act is amended--
        (1) by redesignating the second subsection (e), relating to 
    definitions, as subsection (h); and
        (2) by transferring such subsection, as so redesignated, to the 
    end of such section.
    (c) Effective Date of Amendments.--The amendments made by 
subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect as of October 23, 1992, as if 
section 386 of Public Law 102-484 had been enacted as amended by such 
subsections.
    (d) Availability of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated pursuant to section 301(5)--
        (1) $50,000,000 shall be available for providing assistance to 
    local educational agencies under subsection (b) of section 386 of 
    Public Law 102-484; and
        (2) $8,000,000 shall be available for making payments to local 
    educational agencies under subsection (d) of such section.
    (e) Notification and Disbursal.--(1) On or before June 30, 1994, the 
Secretary of Defense (with respect to assistance provided in subsection 
(b) of section 386 of Public Law 102-484) and the Secretary of Education 
(with respect to payments made under subsection (d) of such section) 
shall notify each local educational agency eligible for assistance under 
subsections (b) and (d) of such section, respectively, for fiscal year 
1994 of such agency's eligibility for such assistance and the amount of 
such assistance.
    (2) The Secretary of Defense (with respect to funds made available 
under subsection (d)(1)) and the Secretary of Education (with respect to 
funds made available under subsection (d)(2)) shall disburse such funds 
not later than 30 days after notification to eligible local education 
agencies.
    SEC. 374. BUDGET INFORMATION ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RECRUITING 
      EXPENDITURES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``§227. Recruiting costs

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget justification 
documents submitted to Congress each year in connection with the 
submission of the budget pursuant to section 1105 of title 31 the 
following matters:
        ``(1) The amount requested for the recruitment of persons for 
    enlistment or appointment into the armed forces, including--
            ``(A) the personnel costs for Department of Defense 
        personnel whose duties include--
                ``(i) recruitment;
                ``(ii) the management of Department of Defense personnel 
            performing recruitment duties; or
                ``(iii) supporting Department of Defense personnel in 
            the performance of duties referred to in clause (i) or (ii);
            ``(B) the cost of providing support for such personnel for 
        the performance of those duties;
            ``(C) operation and maintenance costs associated with 
        recruitment, including the costs of paid advertising and 
        facilities;
            ``(D) the costs of incentives, including--
                ``(i) amounts paid under sections 302d, 308a, 308c, 
            308f, 308g, 308h (for a first enlistment), and 308i of title 
            37, relating to bonuses and other incentives;
                ``(ii) amounts deposited in the Department of Defense 
            Education Benefits Fund pursuant to section 2006(g) of this 
            title; and
                ``(iii) payments under the provisions of chapters 105, 
            107, and 109 of this title and chapter 30 of title 38; and
            ``(E) costs associated with military entrance processing.
        ``(2) The appropriation accounts from which such costs are to be 
    paid.
        ``(3) The estimated average total annual cost of recruiting a 
    person for enlistment or appointment into the armed forces for the 
    fiscal year covered by the budget, determined and shown separately 
    for--
            ``(A) each armed force;
            ``(B) the active component of each armed force;
            ``(C) each of the reserve components of each armed force; 
        and
            ``(D) for all of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``227. Recruiting costs.''.

    SEC. 375. REVISION OF AUTHORITIES ON NATIONAL SECURITY EDUCATION 
      TRUST FUND.
    (a) Crediting of Gifts to the National Security Education Trust 
Fund.--Section 804(e) of the David L. Boren National Security Education 
Act of 1991 (50 U.S.C. 1904(e)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(3) Any gifts of money shall be credited to and form a part of the 
Fund.''.
    (b) Repeal of Authorization Requirement.--Section 804(b) of such Act 
is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking out ``(1)''; and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs (1) 
    and (2), respectively.

SEC. 376. ANNUAL ASSESSMENT OF FORCE READINESS.

    (a) Annual Assessment Required.--Not later than March 1 of each of 
1994, 1995, and 1996, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
submit to the Congress an assessment of--
        (1) the readiness and capability of the Armed Forces to carry 
    out the full range of the missions assigned to the Armed Forces; and
        (2) the associated level or degree of risk for the Armed Forces 
    in responding to current and anticipated threats to national 
    security interests of the United States.
    (b) Content of Assessment.--Each assessment shall include, for the 
five-year period described in subsection (c), the following matters:
        (1) An unclassified description of the current and projected 
    readiness and capability of the Armed Forces taking into 
    consideration each of the following areas:
            (A) Personnel.
            (B) Training and exercises.
            (C) Logistics, including equipment maintenance and supply 
        availability.
            (D) Equipment modernization.
            (E) Installations, real property, and facilities.
            (F) Munitions.
            (G) Mobility.
            (H) Wartime sustainability.
        (2) The personal assessment of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
    of Staff regarding the readiness and capabilities of the Armed 
    Forces, together with the Chairman's personal judgment on whether 
    there are significant problems or risks regarding the readiness and 
    capabilities of the Armed Forces.
        (3) Any factors that the Chairman or any other member of the 
    Joint Chiefs of Staff believes may lead to a decrease in force 
    readiness or a degradation in the overall capability of the Armed 
    Forces.
        (4) Any recommended actions that the Chairman of the Joint 
    Chiefs of Staff considers appropriate.
        (5) Any classified annexes that the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
    of Staff considers appropriate.
    (c) Period Assessed.--The assessment shall include information for 
the fiscal year in which the assessment is submitted, the three 
preceding fiscal years, and projections for the subsequent fiscal year.
    (d) Interim Assessments.--If, at any time between submissions of 
assessments to the Congress under subsection (a), the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff determines that there is a significant change in 
the projected readiness or capability of the Armed Forces from the 
readiness or capability projected in the most recent annual assessment, 
the Chairman shall submit to the Congress a revised assessment that 
reflects each such significant change.

SEC. 377. REPORTS ON TRANSFERS OF CERTAIN FUNDS.

    (a) Annual Reports.--In each of 1994, 1995, and 1996, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees, not 
later than the date on which the President submits the budget pursuant 
to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, in that year, a report 
on each transfer of funds that was made from an operation and 
maintenance account of the Department of Defense for operating forces 
during the preceding fiscal year. The report shall include the reason 
for the transfer.
    (b) Midyear Reports.--On May 1 of each of 1994, 1995, and 1996, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on each transfer of funds that was made from an 
operation and maintenance account of the Department of Defense for 
operating forces during the first six months of the fiscal year in which 
such report is submitted. The report shall include the reason for the 
transfer.
    SEC. 378. REPORT ON REPLACEMENT SITES FOR ARMY RESERVE FACILITY IN 
      MARCUS HOOK, PENNSYLVANIA.
    Not later than March 1, 1994, the Secretary of the Army shall submit 
to the Congress a report evaluating the suitability of each site within 
a 100-mile radius of the Army Reserve Facility in Marcus Hook, 
Pennsylvania, that may be considered by the Secretary as a replacement 
facility for the Army Reserve Facility. The report shall include a 
detailed accounting of--
        (1) the pier and building space required at the replacement 
    facility and the pier and building space available at each 
    alternative site;
        (2) the cost of operating a facility comparable to the Army 
    Reserve Facility at each alternative site;
        (3) the other entities, if any, carrying out activities at each 
    alternative site and the pier and building space required by such 
    entities at each alternative site; and
        (4) the advantages and disadvantages of locating the facility at 
    each alternative site.
               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS
                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 1994, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 540,000.
        (2) The Navy, 480,800.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 177,000.
        (4) The Air Force, 425,700.
    SEC. 402. TEMPORARY VARIATION OF END STRENGTH LIMITATIONS FOR MARINE 
      CORPS MAJORS AND LIEUTENANT COLONELS.
    (a) Variation Authorized.--In the administration of the limitation 
under section 523(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, for fiscal 
years 1994 and 1995, the numbers applicable to officers of the Marine 
Corps serving on active duty in the grades of major and lieutenant 
colonel shall be the numbers set forth for that fiscal year in 
subsection (b) (rather than the numbers determined in accordance with 
the table in that section).
    (b) Numbers for Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995.--The numbers referred to 
in subsection (a) are as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Number of officers who may be  
                                               serving on active duty in the  
                                                         grade of:            
        Fiscal year:                       -----------------------------------
                                                                 Lieutenant   
                                                  Major            colonel    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1994......................................        3,023            1,578     
1995......................................        3,157            1,634.     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 403. ARMY END STRENGTH.

    (a) Timing of Reduction.--The number of active duty members of the 
Army may not be reduced (from the number as of the date of the enactment 
of this Act) to a number below 555,000 until after April 30, 1994.
    (b) Conditions on Reduction.--After April 30, 1994, the number of 
active duty members of the Army may be reduced below 555,000 only if--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense has submitted to Congress a report 
    setting forth in detail--
            (A) the method by which the force structure of the Army in 
        the Bottom Up Review was derived and the projected active duty 
        end strength for the Army for each of fiscal years 1995 through 
        1999;
            (B) how the forces recommended in the Bottom Up Review for 
        the Army for future fiscal years will be able to carry out the 
        two major regional conflicts strategy; and
            (C) what effect peacekeeping operations, peace making 
        operations, peace enforcing operations, disaster relief 
        operations, and other operations other than war have on the 
        ability of the Army to carry out the two major regional 
        conflicts strategy;
        (2) the President (after receiving a report from the Secretary 
    of the Army containing the assessment of the Secretary on the 
    capabilities of the Army) has submitted to Congress a report--
            (A) containing a certification that the Army is capable of 
        providing sufficient forces (excluding forces engaged in 
        peacekeeping operations and other operations other than war) to 
        carry out two major regional conflicts nearly simultaneously, in 
        accordance with the National Military Strategy;
            (B) specifying the active Army units anticipated to deploy 
        within the first 75 days in response to a major regional 
        conflict that are at the time of the submission of the report 
        engaged in peacekeeping operations and other operations other 
        than war; and
            (C) containing the President's estimate of the time required 
        to redeploy and retrain the forces specified in subparagraph (B) 
        and subsequently to commit them to combat in a major regional 
        contingency; and
        (3) the President has submitted the report on multinational 
    peacekeeping and peace enforcement required by section 1502.
    (c) Limitation on Reductions.--If the conditions specified in 
subsection (b) are met, the number of active duty members of the Army 
may not during fiscal year 1994 be reduced below the end strength for 
the Army specified in section 401.
    (d) Certification Upon Participation in Peacetime Contingency 
Operations.--Whenever, at a time when the number of active duty members 
of the Army is below 555,000, the President makes a decision to commit 
elements of the Army to (1) a peacekeeping operation, a peace making 
operation, or a peace enforcing operation, or (2) any other operation 
during peacetime that would require assignment of a large contingent of 
personnel or that would consume significant resources, the President 
shall submit to Congress a report containing a certification specified 
in subsection (b)(2)(A). Any such report shall be submitted not later 
than the date on which the execution of the operation begins.
    (e) End Strength Without Certification.--If the conditions specified 
in subsection (b) have not been met as of September 30, 1994, the 
limitation as of that date for the Army under section 401 shall be 
555,000 (rather than the number specified in that section for the Army).
    (f) Active Duty Members of the Army.--For purposes of this section, 
active duty members of the Army are those members of the Army who are on 
active duty and are counted for purposes of the active duty end strength 
limitation under section 401.
    (g) Bottom Up Review.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``Bottom Up Review'' means the internal study of the Department of 
Defense conducted during 1993 at the direction of the Secretary of 
Defense, the results of which were published in October 1993 in the 
report entitled ``Report on the Bottom-Up Review''.
    SEC. 404. REPORT ON END STRENGTHS NECESSARY TO MEET LEVELS ASSUMED 
      IN BOTTOM UP REVIEW.
    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on the personnel management actions programmed to be carried 
out in order to reach the military force strength levels assumed as of 
the end of fiscal year 1999 in the Bottom Up Review study carried out in 
the Department of Defense during 1993.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following, shown separately for each of the Army, Navy, Air 
Force, and Marine Corps:
        (1) The active-duty and Selected Reserve end strengths 
    programmed for each fiscal year through fiscal year 1999.
        (2) The number of accessions (shown by type of accession) 
    programmed for each fiscal year through fiscal year 1999.
        (3) The number of separations, shown by category of separation 
    for both voluntary and involuntary separations, and shown separately 
    for officers and enlisted personnel, programmed for each fiscal year 
    through fiscal year 1999.
        (4) A description of any other personnel management action 
    programmed for the purpose stated in subsection (a).
    (c) Deadline for Report.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted not later than February 15, 1994.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
1994, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 410,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 260,000.
        (3) The Naval Reserve, 118,000.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 42,200.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 117,700.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 81,500.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 10,000.
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may increase the end 
strength authorized by subsection (a) by not more than 2 percent.
    (c) Adjustments.--The end strengths prescribed by subsection (a) for 
the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall be reduced 
proportionately by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve as 
    units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on active 
    duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal year, and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
Whenever such units or such individual members are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal 
year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 1994, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or, in the case of members of the National Guard, full-time National 
Guard duty for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 24,180.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 12,542.
        (3) The Naval Reserve, 19,718.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,285.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 9,389.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 648.
    SEC. 413. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF MEMBERS IN CERTAIN GRADES AUTHORIZED 
      TO BE ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.
    (a) Senior Enlisted Members.--The table in section 517(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                       Marine 
              ``Grade                  Army       Navy    Air Force    Corps  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
E-9...............................        569        202        328       14
E-8...............................      2,585        429        840      74''.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Officers.--The table in section 524(a) of such title is amended 
to read as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

                                                                              
                                                                       Marine 
              ``Grade                  Army       Navy    Air Force    Corps  
Major or Lieutenant Commander.....      3,219      1,071        575      110


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                       Marine 
              ``Grade                  Army       Navy    Air Force    Corps  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lieutenant Colonel or Commander...      1,524        520        636       75
Colonel or Navy Captain...........        372        188        274      25''.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    SEC. 414. FORCE STRUCTURE ALLOWANCE FOR ARMY NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Minimum Force Structure Level.--The force structure allowance 
for the Army National Guard of the United States for fiscal year 1994 
shall be not less than 420,000.
    (b) Force Structure Allowance Defined.--For purposes of this 
section, the force structure allowance for a reserve component is the 
allowance prescribed for that reserve component by the Secretary of the 
military department concerned pursuant to section 413 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 
Stat. 2400).
    SEC. 415. PERSONNEL LEVEL FOR NAVY CRAFT OF OPPORTUNITY (COOP) 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Fiscal Year 1994.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that 
none of the end strength reduction projected for the Naval Reserve in 
this Act shall be derived from personnel authorizations assigned to the 
Craft of Opportunity mission.
    (b) Permanent Staffing Level.--The number of personnel 
authorizations assigned to the Craft of Opportunity mission shall be 
maintained during fiscal year 1994 and thereafter at not less than the 
level in effect on September 30, 1991.
               Subtitle C--Military Training Student Loads

SEC. 421. AUTHORIZATION OF TRAINING STUDENT LOADS.

    (a) In General.--For fiscal year 1994, the Armed Forces are 
authorized average military training student loads as follows:
        (1) The Army, 75,220.
        (2) The Navy, 45,269.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 22,753.
        (4) The Air Force, 33,439.
    (b) Scope.--The average military training student load authorized 
for an armed force under subsection (a) applies to the active and 
reserve components of that armed force.
    (c) Adjustments.--The average military training student loads 
authorized in subsection (a) shall be adjusted consistent with the end 
strengths authorized in subtitles A and B. The Secretary of Defense 
shall prescribe the manner in which such adjustments shall be 
apportioned.
               Subtitle D--Authorization of Appropriations
    SEC. 431. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
Defense for military personnel for fiscal year 1994 a total of 
$70,183,770,000. The authorization in the preceding sentence supersedes 
any other authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
such purpose for fiscal year 1994.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY
                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy
    SEC. 501. YEARS OF SERVICE FOR ELIGIBILITY FOR SEPARATION PAY FOR 
      REGULAR OFFICERS INVOLUNTARILY DISCHARGED.
    (a) Period of Service Required for Eligibility.--Section 1174(a)(1) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``five'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``six''.
    (b) Effective Date.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to any regular 
officer who is discharged after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (2) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall not apply with 
respect to an officer who on the date of the enactment of this Act has 
five or more, but less than six, years of active service in the Armed 
Forces.
    SEC. 502. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR VOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
      INCENTIVE AND SPECIAL SEPARATION BENEFITS PROGRAMS.
    Sections 1174a(c)(2) and 1175(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
are amended by striking out ``before December 5, 1991''.
    SEC. 503. MEMBERS ELIGIBILE FOR INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION BENEFITS.
    Section 1141 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or on or after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994'' after ``September 30, 
1990,''.
    SEC. 504. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY FOR INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF CERTAIN 
      REGULAR WARRANT OFFICERS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 33A of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 580 the following new section:

``§580a. Enhanced authority for selective early discharges

    ``(a) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of a 
military department, during the period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this section and ending on October 1, 1999, to take the 
action set forth in subsection (b) with respect to regular warrant 
officers of an armed force under the jurisdiction of that Secretary.
    ``(b) The Secretary of a military department may, with respect to 
regular warrant officers of an armed force, when authorized to do so 
under subsection (a), convene selection boards under section 573(c) of 
this title to consider for discharge regular warrant officers on the 
warrant officer active-duty list--
        ``(1) who have served at least one year of active duty in the 
    grade currently held;
        ``(2) whose names are not on a list of warrant officers 
    recommended for promotion; and
        ``(3) who are not eligible to be retired under any provision of 
    law and are not within two years of becoming so eligible.
    ``(c)(1) In the case of an action under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the military department concerned may submit to a selection 
board convened pursuant to that subsection--
        ``(A) the names of all regular warrant officers described in 
    that subsection in a particular grade and competitive category; or
        ``(B) the names of all regular warrant officers described in 
    that subsection in a particular grade and competitive category who 
    also are in particular year groups or specialties, or both, within 
    that competitive category.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall specify the total number of 
warrant officers to be recommended for discharge by a selection board 
convened pursuant to subsection (b). That number may not be more than 30 
percent of the number of officers considered--
        ``(A) in each grade in each competitive category; or
        ``(B) in each grade, year group, or specialty (or combination 
    thereof) in each competitive category.
    ``(3) The total number of regular warrant officers described in 
subsection (b) from any of the armed forces (or from any of the armed 
forces in a particular grade) who may be recommended during a fiscal 
year for discharge by a selection board convened pursuant to the 
authority of that subsection may not exceed 70 percent of the decrease, 
as compared to the preceding fiscal year, in the number of warrant 
officers of that armed force (or the number of warrant officers of that 
armed force in that grade) authorized to be serving on active duty as of 
the end of that fiscal year.
    ``(4) A warrant officer who is recommended for discharge by a 
selection board convened pursuant to subsection (b) and whose discharge 
is approved by the Secretary concerned shall be discharged on a date 
specified by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(5) Selection of warrant officers for discharge under this 
subsection shall be based on the needs of the service.
    ``(d) The discharge of any warrant officer pursuant to this section 
shall be considered involuntary for purposes of any other provision of 
law.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
580 the following new item:
``580a. Enhanced authority for selective early discharges.''.

    SEC. 505. DETERMINATION OF SERVICE FOR WARRANT OFFICER RETIREMENT 
      SANCTUARY.
    (a) Equity With Other Members.--Section 580(a)(4) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(except as provided in subparagraph (C))'' in 
    subparagraph (A) after ``shall be separated''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) If on the date on which a warrant officer is to be separated 
under subparagraph (A) the warrant officer has at least 18 years of 
creditable active service, the warrant officer shall be retained on 
active duty until retired under paragraph (3) in the same manner as if 
the warrant officer had had at least 18 years of service on the 
applicable date under subparagraph (A) or (B) of that paragraph.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply to warrant officers who have not been separated pursuant to 
section 580(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, before the date of 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 506. OFFICERS INELIGIBLE FOR CONSIDERATION BY EARLY RETIREMENT 
      BOARDS.
    Section 638(e)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(i)'' after ``grade and competitive 
    category'';
        (2) by inserting ``(ii)'' after ``of this title, or''; and
        (3) by striking out the comma after ``any provision of law''.
    SEC. 507. REMEDY FOR INEFFECTIVE COUNSELING OF OFFICERS DISCHARGED 
      FOLLOWING SELECTION BY EARLY DISCHARGE BOARDS.
    (a) Procedure for Review.--(1) The Secretary of each military 
department shall establish a procedure for the review of the individual 
circumstances of an officer described in paragraph (2) who is 
discharged, or who the Secretary concerned approves for discharge, 
following the report of a selection board convened by the Secretary to 
select officers for separation. The procedure established by the 
Secretary of a military department under this section shall provide that 
each review under that procedure be carried out by the Board for the 
Correction of Military Records of that military department.
    (2) This section applies in the case of any officer (including a 
warrant officer) who, having been offered the opportunity to be 
discharged or otherwise separated from active duty through the programs 
provided under section 1174a and 1175 of title 10, United States Code--
        (A) elected not to accept such discharge or separation; and
        (B) submits an application under subsection (b) during the two-
    year period beginning on the later of the date of the enactment of 
    this Act and the date of such discharge or separation.
    (b) Application.--A review under this section shall be conducted in 
any case submitted to the Secretary concerned by application from the 
officer or former officer under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
    (c) Purpose of Review.--(1) The review under this section shall be 
designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the counseling of the officer 
before the convening of the board to ensure that the officer was 
properly informed that selection for discharge or other separation from 
active duty was a potential result of being within the group of officers 
to be considered by the board and that the officer was not improperly 
informed that such selection in that officer's personal case was 
unlikely.
    (2) The Board for the Correction of Military Records of a military 
department shall render a decision in each case under this section not 
later than 60 days after receipt by the Secretary concerned of an 
application under subsection (b).
    (d) Remedy.--Upon a finding of ineffective counseling under 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall provide the officer the opportunity 
to participate, at the officer's option, in any one of the following 
programs for which the officer meets all eligibility criteria:
        (1) The Special Separation Benefits program under section 1174a 
    of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The Voluntary Separation Incentive program under section 
    1175 of such title.
        (3) Retirement under the authority provided by section 4403 of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public 
    Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2702; 10 U.S.C. 1293).
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect to 
officers separated after September 30, 1990.
    SEC. 508. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TEMPORARY PROMOTION OF 
      CERTAIN NAVY LIEUTENANTS.
    (a) Extension.--Section 5721(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect as of September 30, 1993.
    SEC. 509. AWARD OF CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE CREDIT FOR ADVANCED 
      EDUCATION IN A HEALTH PROFESSION UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS AN 
      OFFICER.
    (a) Credit Upon Appointment in a Regular Component.--Section 
533(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking out ``Except as provided in clause (E), in'' 
        at the beginning of the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``In''; and
            (B) by striking out ``postsecondary education in excess of 
        four that are'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``advanced education'';
        (2) by striking out subparagraph (E); and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (E).
    (b) Credit Upon Appointment as Reserve Officer in the Army.--Section 
3353(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking out ``Except as provided in clause (E), in'' 
        at the beginning of the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``In''; and
            (B) by striking out ``postsecondary education in excess of 
        four that are'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``advanced education'';
        (2) by striking out subparagraph (E); and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (E).
    (c) Credit Upon Appointment as Officer in Naval Reserve or Marine 
Corps Reserve.--Section 5600(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking out ``Except as provided in clause (E), in'' 
        at the beginning of the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``In''; and
            (B) by striking out ``postsecondary education in excess of 
        four that are'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``advanced education'';
        (2) by striking out subparagraph (E); and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (E).
    (d) Credit Upon Appointment as Reserve Officer in the Air Force.--
Section 8353(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking out ``Except as provided in clause (E), in'' 
        at the beginning of the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``In''; and
            (B) by striking out ``postsecondary education in excess of 
        four that are'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``advanced education'';
        (2) by striking out subparagraph (E); and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (E).
    (e) Ratification of Prior Credit.--To the extent that service credit 
awarded before the date of the enactment of this Act under section 533, 
3353, 5600, or 8353 of title 10, United States Code, based on advanced 
education in medicine or dentistry was awarded consistent with that 
section as amended by this section (whether or not properly awarded 
under that section as in effect before such amendment), the awarding of 
that service credit is hereby ratified.
    SEC. 510. ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS REGULAR OFFICERS OF CERTAIN 
      RESERVE OFFICERS IN HEALTH PROFESSIONS.
    Section 532(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(d)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) A reserve commissioned officer appointed in a medical skill 
other than as a medical officer or dental officer (as defined in 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense) is not subject to 
clause (2) of subsection (a).''.
                     Subtitle B--Reserve Components
    SEC. 511. EXCEPTION FOR HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS TO REQUIREMENT FOR 12 
      WEEKS OF BASIC TRAINING BEFORE ASSIGNMENT OUTSIDE UNITED STATES.
    Section 671 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(except as provided in subsection (c))'' in 
    subsection (b) after ``may not''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c)(1) A period of basic training (or equivalent training) shorter 
than 12 weeks may be established by the Secretary concerned for members 
of the armed forces who have been credentialed in a medical profession 
or occupation and are serving in a health-care occupational specialty, 
as determined under regulations prescribed under paragraph (2). Any such 
period shall be established under regulations prescribed under paragraph 
(2) and may be established notwithstanding section 4(a) of the Military 
Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 454(a)).
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Transportation 
with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in 
the Navy, shall prescribe regulations for the purposes of paragraph (1). 
The regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense shall apply 
uniformly to the military departments.''.
    SEC. 512. NUMBER OF FULL-TIME RESERVE PERSONNEL WHO MAY BE ASSIGNED 
      TO ROTC DUTY.
    Section 690 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
out ``may not exceed 200'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``may not 
exceed 275''.
    SEC. 513. REPEAL OF MANDATED REDUCTION IN ARMY RESERVE COMPONENT 
      FULL-TIME MANNING END STRENGTH.
    Section 412 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 261 note) is amended by 
striking out subsections (b) and (c).
    SEC. 514. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN RESERVE OFFICER MANAGEMENT 
      AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Grade Determination Authority for Certain Reserve Medical 
Officers.--Sections 3359(b) and 8359(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
are each amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (b) Promotion Authority for Certain Reserve Officers Serving on 
Active Duty.--Sections 3380(d) and 8380(d) of such title are each 
amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (c) Years of Service for Mandatory Transfer to the Retired 
Reserve.--Section 1016(d) of the Department of Defense Authorization 
Act, 1984 (10 U.S.C. 3360 note) is amended by striking out ``September 
30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (d) Effective Date.--(1) The amendments made by this section shall 
take effect as of September 30, 1993.
    (2) The Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as 
appropriate, shall provide, in the case of a Reserve officer appointed 
to a higher grade on or after the date of the enactment of this Act 
under an appointment described in paragraph (3), that the date of rank 
of such officer under that appointment shall be the date of rank that 
would have applied to the appointment had the authority referred to in 
that paragraph not lapsed.
    (3) An appointment referred to in paragraph (2) is an appointment 
under section 3380 or 8380 of title 10, United States Code, that (as 
determined by the Secretary concerned) would have been made during the 
period beginning on October 1, 1993, and ending on the date of the 
enactment of this Act had the authority to make appointments under that 
section not lapsed during such period.

SEC. 515. ACTIVE COMPONENT SUPPORT FOR RESERVE TRAINING.

    (a) Requirement To Establish.--The Secretary of the Army shall, not 
later than September 30, 1995, establish one or more active-component 
units of the Army with the primary mission of providing training support 
to reserve units. Each such unit shall be part of the active Army force 
structure and shall have a commander who is on the active-duty list of 
the Army.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary of the Army shall during 
fiscal year 1994 submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a plan to meet the requirement in 
subsection (a). The plan shall include a proposal for any statutory 
changes that the Secretary considers to be necessary for the 
implementation of the plan.
    SEC. 516. TEST PROGRAM FOR RESERVE COMBAT MANEUVER UNIT INTEGRATION.
    (a) Plan for Test Program.--The Secretary of the Army shall prepare 
a plan for carrying out a test program to determine the feasibility and 
advisability of applying the roundout and roundup models for integration 
of active and reserve component Army units at the battalion and company 
levels.
    (b) Purpose of Test Program.--The purpose of the test program shall 
be to evaluate whether the roundout and roundup concepts if applied at 
the battalion and company levels would--
        (1) decrease post-mobilization training time;
        (2) increase the capabilities of reserve component leaders;
        (3) improve the integration of the active and reserve 
    components; and
        (4) provide a more efficient means for future expansion of the 
    Army in a period of emergency or increasing international threats to 
    the vital interests of the United States.
    (c) Report on Plan.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
Congress not later than March 31, 1994, a report that includes the plan 
for the test program required under subsection (a).
    (d) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the terms 
``roundout'' and ``roundup'' refer to two approaches for integrating 
Army National Guard and Army Reserve combat units into active Army 
corps, divisions, brigades, and battalions after mobilization. The 
roundout approach is the method of bringing an incomplete active unit up 
to full strength by assigning one or more reserve component units to it. 
The roundup approach is the use of reserve component units to augment or 
expand active units that are already at full strength.
    SEC. 517. REVISIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM FOR ACTIVE COMPONENT SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    (a) Active Component Advisers.--(1) Subsection (c) of section 414 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 
(Public Law 102-190; 10 U.S.C. 261 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Personnel To Be Assigned.--The Secretary shall assign not less 
than 2,000 active component personnel to serve as advisers under the 
program. After September 30, 1994, the number under the preceding 
sentence shall be increased to not less than 5,000.''.
    (2) Subsection (d) of such section is amended by striking out the 
period at the end of the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof 
``, together with a proposal for any statutory changes that the 
Secretary considers necessary to implement the program on a permanent 
basis.''.
    (b) Annual Report on Implementation.--(1) The Secretary of the Army 
shall include in the annual report of the Secretary to Congress known as 
the Army Posture Statement a presentation relating to the implementation 
of the Pilot Program for Active Component Support of the Reserves under 
section 414 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 
1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 10 U.S.C. 261 note), as amended by 
subsection (a).
    (2) Each such presentation shall include, with respect to the period 
covered by the report, the following information:
        (A) The promotion rate for officers considered for promotion 
    from within the promotion zone who are serving as active component 
    advisers to units of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve (in 
    accordance with that program) compared with the promotion rate for 
    other officers considered for promotion from within the promotion 
    zone in the same pay grade and the same competitive category, shown 
    for all officers of the Army.
        (B) The promotion rate for officers considered for promotion 
    from below the promotion zone who are serving as active component 
    advisers to units of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve (in 
    accordance with that program) compared in the same manner as 
    specified in subparagraph (A).
    SEC. 518. EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR GRADUATE PROGRAMS FOR MEMBERS 
      OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.
    Section 2131 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking out ``other than'' and all 
    that follows through ``level.'' and inserting in lieu thereof a 
    period; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) A program of education in a course of instruction beyond the 
baccalaureate degree level shall be provided under this chapter, subject 
to the availability of appropriations.''.
    SEC. 519. FREQUENCY OF PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE READY 
      RESERVE.
    Section 1004(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``four years'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``five 
years''.
    SEC. 520. REVISION OF CERTAIN DEADLINES UNDER ARMY NATIONAL GUARD 
      COMBAT READINESS REFORM ACT.
    (a) Delay in Minimum Percentage of Prior Active-Duty Personnel.--(1) 
Subsection (b) of section 1111 of the Army National Guard Combat 
Readiness Reform Act of 1992 (title XI of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 
3077 note; 106 Stat. 2537) is amended by striking out ``fiscal years 
1993 through 1997'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``fiscal years 1994 
through 1997''.
    (2) Subsection (d) of such section is amended by striking out 
``March 15, 1993'' and ``April 1, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``December 15, 1993'' and ``January 15, 1994'', respectively.
    (b) Report on Dental Readiness of Members of Early Deploying 
Units.--Section 1118(b) of such Act (106 Stat. 2539) is amended by 
striking out ``February 15, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``December 1, 1993''.
    SEC. 521. ANNUAL REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF ARMY NATIONAL GUARD 
      COMBAT READINESS REFORM ACT.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 307 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§3082. Army National Guard combat readiness reform: annual report
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army shall include in the 
annual report of the Secretary to Congress known as the Army Posture 
Statement a detailed presentation concerning the Army National Guard, 
including particularly information relating to the implementation of the 
Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act of 1992 (title XI of 
Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2536) (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as `ANGCRRA').
    ``(b) Matters To Be Included in Report.--Each presentation under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the period covered by the 
report, the following information concerning the Army National Guard:
        ``(1) The number and percentage of officers with at least two 
    years of active-duty before becoming a member of the Army National 
    Guard.
        ``(2) The number and percentage of enlisted personnel with at 
    least two years of active-duty before becoming a member of the Army 
    National Guard.
        ``(3) The number of officers who are graduates of one of the 
    service academies and were released from active duty before the 
    completion of their active-duty service obligation and, of those 
    officers--
            ``(A) the number who are serving the remaining period of 
        their active-duty service obligation as a member of the Selected 
        Reserve pursuant to section 1112(a)(1) of ANGCRRA; and
            ``(B) the number for whom waivers were granted by the 
        Secretary under section 1112(a)(2) of ANGCRRA, together with the 
        reason for each waiver.
        ``(4) The number of officers who were commissioned as 
    distinguished Reserve Officers' Training Corps graduates and were 
    released from active duty before the completion of their active-duty 
    service obligation and, of those officers--
            ``(A) the number who are serving the remaining period of 
        their active-duty service obligation as a member of the Selected 
        Reserve pursuant to section 1112(a)(1) of ANGCRRA; and
            ``(B) the number for whom waivers were granted by the 
        Secretary under section 1112(a)(2) of ANGCRRA, together with the 
        reason for each waiver.
        ``(5) The number of officers who are graduates of the Reserve 
    Officers' Training Corps program and who are performing their 
    minimum period of obligated service in accordance with section 
    1112(b) of ANGCRRA by a combination of (A) two years of active duty, 
    and (B) such additional period of service as is necessary to 
    complete the remainder of such obligation served in the National 
    Guard and, of those officers, the number for whom permission to 
    perform their minimum period of obligated service in accordance with 
    that section was granted during the preceding fiscal year.
        ``(6) The number of officers for whom recommendations were made 
    during the preceding fiscal year for a unit vacancy promotion to a 
    grade above first lieutenant and, of those recommendations, the 
    number and percentage that were concurred in by an active-duty 
    officer under section 1113(a) of ANGCRRA, shown separately for each 
    of the three categories of officers set forth in section 1113(b) of 
    ANGCRRA.
        ``(7) The number of waivers during the preceding fiscal year 
    under section 1114(a) of ANGCRRA of any standard prescribed by the 
    Secretary establishing a military education requirement for 
    noncommissioned officers and the reason for each such waiver.
        ``(8) The number and distribution by grade, shown for each 
    State, of personnel in the initial entry training and 
    nondeployability personnel accounting category established under 
    section 1115 of ANGCRRA for members of the Army National Guard who 
    have not completed the minimum training required for deployment or 
    who are otherwise not available for deployment.
        ``(9) The number of members of the Army National Guard, shown 
    for each State, that were discharged during the previous fiscal year 
    pursuant to section 1115(c)(1) of ANGCRRA for not completing the 
    minimum training required for deployment within 24 months after 
    entering the National Guard.
        ``(10) The number of waivers, shown for each State, that were 
    granted by the Secretary during the previous fiscal year under 
    section 1115(c)(2) of ANGCRRA of the requirement in section 
    1115(c)(1) of ANGCRRA described in paragraph (9), together with the 
    reason for each waiver.
        ``(11) The number of members, shown for each State, who were 
    screened during the preceding fiscal year to determine whether they 
    meet minimum physical profile standards required for deployment and, 
    of those members--
            ``(A) the number and percentage who did not meet minimum 
        physical profile standards required for deployment; and
            ``(B) the number and percentage who were transferred 
        pursuant to section 1116 of ANGCRRA to the personnel accounting 
        category described in paragraph (8).
        ``(12) The number of members, and the percentage of the total 
    membership, of the Army National Guard, shown for each State, who 
    underwent a medical screening during the previous fiscal year as 
    provided in section 1117 of ANGCRRA.
        ``(13) The number of members, and the percentage of the total 
    membership, of the Army National Guard, shown for each State, who 
    underwent a dental screening during the previous fiscal year as 
    provided in section 1117 of ANGCRRA.
        ``(14) The number of members, and the percentage of the total 
    membership, of the Army National Guard, shown for each State, over 
    the age of 40 who underwent a full physical examination during the 
    previous fiscal year for purposes of section 1117 of ANGCRRA.
        ``(15) The number of units of the Army National Guard that are 
    scheduled for early deployment in the event of a mobilization and, 
    of those units, the number that are dentally ready for deployment in 
    accordance with section 1118 of ANGCRRA.
        ``(16) The estimated post-mobilization training time for each 
    Army National Guard combat unit, and a description, displayed in 
    broad categories and by State, of what training would need to be 
    accomplished for Army National Guard combat units in a post-
    mobilization period for purposes of section 1119 of ANGCRRA.
        ``(17) A description of the measures taken during the preceding 
    fiscal year to comply with the requirement in section 1120 of 
    ANGCRRA to expand the use of simulations, simulators, and advanced 
    training devices and technologies for members and units of the Army 
    National Guard.
        ``(18) Summary tables of unit readiness, shown for each State, 
    and drawn from the unit readiness rating system as required by 
    section 1121 of ANGCRRA, including the personnel readiness rating 
    information and the equipment readiness assessment information 
    required by that section, together with--
            ``(A) explanations of the information shown in the table; 
        and
            ``(B) based on the information shown in the tables, the 
        Secretary's overall assessment of the deployability of units of 
        the Army National Guard, including a discussion of personnel 
        deficiencies and equipment shortfalls in accordance with such 
        section 1121.
        ``(19) Summary tables, shown for each State, of the results of 
    inspections of units of the Army National Guard by inspectors 
    general or other commissioned officers of the Regular Army under the 
    provisions of section 105 of title 32, together with explanations of 
    the information shown in the tables, and including display of--
            ``(A) the number of such inspections;
            ``(B) identification of the entity conducting each 
        inspection;
            ``(C) the number of units inspected; and
            ``(D) the overall results of such inspections, including the 
        inspector's determination for each inspected unit of whether the 
        unit met deployability standards and, for those units not 
        meeting deployability standards, the reasons for such failure 
        and the status of corrective actions.
        ``(20) A listing, for each Army National Guard combat unit, of 
    the active-duty combat unit associated with that Army National Guard 
    unit in accordance with section 1131(a) of ANGCRRA, shown by State 
    and to be accompanied, for each such National Guard unit, by--
            ``(A) the assessment of the commander of that associated 
        active-duty unit of the manpower, equipment, and training 
        resource requirements of that National Guard unit in accordance 
        with section 1131(b)(3) of ANGCRRA; and
            ``(B) the results of the validation by the commander of that 
        associated active-duty unit of the compatibility of that 
        National Guard unit with active duty forces in accordance with 
        section 1131(b)(4) of ANGCRRA.
        ``(21) A specification of the active-duty personnel assigned to 
    units of the Selected Reserve pursuant to section 414(c) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 
    (10 U.S.C. 261 note), shown (A) by State, (B) by rank of officers, 
    warrant officers, and enlisted members assigned, and (C) by unit or 
    other organizational entity of assignment.
    ``(c) Implementation.--The requirement to include in a presentation 
required by subsection (a) information under any paragraph of subsection 
(b) shall take effect with respect to the year following the year in 
which the provision of ANGCRRA to which that paragraph pertains has 
taken effect. Before then, in the case of any such paragraph, the 
Secretary shall include any information that may be available concerning 
the topic covered by that paragraph.
    ``(d) Definition.--In this section, the term `State' includes the 
District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``3082. Army National Guard combat readiness reform: annual report.''.
    SEC. 522. FFRDC STUDY OF STATE AND FEDERAL MISSIONS OF THE NATIONAL 
      GUARD.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for a 
study of the State and Federal missions of the National Guard to be 
carried out by a federally funded research and development center. The 
study shall consider both the separate and integrated requirements 
(including requirements pertaining to personnel, weapons, equipment, and 
facilities) that derive from those missions.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The Secretary shall require that the 
matters to be considered under the study include the following:
        (1) Whether the currently projected size for the National Guard 
    after the completion of the reductions in the national defense 
    structure planned through fiscal year 1999 will be adequate for the 
    National Guard to fulfill both its State and Federal missions.
        (2) Whether the system of assigning Federal missions to State 
    Guard units could be altered to optimize the Federal as well as the 
    State capabilities of the National Guard.
        (3) Whether alternative arrangements, such as cooperative 
    development of National Guard capabilities among the States grouped 
    as regions, are advisable and feasible.
        (4) Whether alternative Federal-State cost-sharing arrangements 
    should be implemented for National Guard units whose principal 
    function is to support State missions.
        (5) Such other matters related to the missions of the National 
    Guard and the corresponding requirements related to those missions 
    as the Secretary may specify or the center carrying out the study 
    may determine necessary.
    (c) FFRDC Reports.--(1) The Secretary shall require the center 
carrying out the study to submit an interim report not later than May 1, 
1994, and a final report not later than November 15, 1994. Each report 
shall include the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the 
center concerning each of the matters referred to in subsection (b).
    (2) The Secretary shall submit each such report to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives not later than 
15 days after the date on which it is received by the Secretary.
    (d) Evaluation and Report of Final FFRDC Report.--(1) After the 
center carrying out the study submits its final report, the Secretary of 
Defense, together with the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of 
the Air Force, shall conduct an evaluation of the assumptions, analysis, 
findings, and recommendations of that study.
    (2) Not later than February 1, 1995, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the evaluation under paragraph (1). The 
report shall be accompanied by any recommendations for legislative 
action that the Secretary considers necessary as a result of the study 
and evaluation required by this section.
    (e) Cooperation.--The Secretary shall ensure that the center 
carrying out the study under this section has full access to such 
information as the center requires for the purposes of the study and 
that the center otherwise receives full cooperation from all officials 
and entities of the Department of Defense, including the National Guard, 
in carrying out the study.
    SEC. 523. CONSISTENCY OF TREATMENT OF NATIONAL GUARD TECHNICIANS AND 
      OTHER MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Federal Recognition Qualifications for Technicians.--Section 709 
of title 32, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(i) The Secretary concerned may not prescribe for purposes of 
eligibility for Federal recognition under section 301 of this title a 
qualification applicable to technicians employed under subsection (a) 
that is not applicable pursuant to that section to the other members of 
the National Guard in the same grade, branch, position, and type of unit 
or organization involved.''.
    (b) Military Education.--The following provisions of law are 
repealed:
        (1) Section 523 of the National Defense Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 1974; 32 U.S.C. 709 
    note).
        (2) Section 506 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1438; 32 
    U.S.C. 709 note).
    (c) Savings Provision.--A civilian technician of the Army National 
Guard serving in an active status on the date of the enactment of this 
Act who under the provisions of law repealed by subsection (b) (or under 
other Department of the Army policy in effect on the day before such 
date of enactment) was granted credit on the technician's military 
record for the completion of certain education and training courses 
shall retain such credit, notwithstanding the provisions of subsections 
(a) and (b), for a period determined by the Secretary of the Army. Such 
a period may not terminate, in the case of any such civilian technician, 
before the effective date of such civilian technician's next mililitary 
promotion. 

SEC. 524. NATIONAL GUARD MANAGEMENT INITIATIVES.

    (a) Clarification Regarding Female Members of the National Guard as 
Members of the Militia.--Section 311(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking out ``commissioned officers'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``members''.
    (b) Increased Period for Completion of Unit Training.--Section 
502(b) of title 32, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``30 
consecutive days'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof 
``90 consecutive days''.
    (c) Exceptions to 30-Day Notice for Termination of Employment of 
Technicians.--Section 709(e)(6) of title 32, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after ``termination of employment as a technician 
and'' the following: ``, unless the technician is serving under a 
temporary appointment, is serving in a trial or probationary period, or 
has voluntarily ceased to be a member of the National Guard when such 
membership is a condition of employment,''.
    (d) Repeal of Limit on Number of Technicians Employed 
Concurrently.--Section 709(h) of title 32, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (e) Personnel Authorized To Make Unserviceability Findings.--Section 
710(f) of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(f)'';
        (2) by striking out ``subsections (b)-(d)'' and inserting in 
    lieu thereof ``subsections (b), (c), and (d)'';
        (3) by striking out ``of the Regular Army or the Regular Air 
    Force, as the case may be,''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) In designating an officer to conduct inspections and make 
findings for purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall 
designate--
        ``(A) in the case of the Army National Guard, a commissioned 
    officer of the Regular Army or a commissioned officer of the Army 
    National Guard who is also a commissioned officer of the Army 
    National Guard of the United States; and
        ``(B) in the case of the Air National Guard, a commissioned 
    officer of the Regular Air Force or a commissioned officer of the 
    Air National Guard who is also a commissioned officer of the Air 
    National Guard of the United States.''.
                      Subtitle C--Service Academies

SEC. 531. CONGRESSIONAL NOMINATIONS.

    Sections 4342(a), 6954(a), and 9342(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, are each amended--
        (1) in the sentence following paragraph (9), by striking out ``a 
    principal candidate and nine alternates'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``10 persons''; and
        (2) by inserting after such sentence the following: ``Nominees 
    may be submitted without ranking or with a principal candidate and 9 
    ranked or unranked alternates. Qualified nominees not selected for 
    appointment under this subsection shall be considered qualified 
    alternates for the purposes of selection under other provisions of 
    this chapter.''.
    SEC. 532. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT RELATED TO CHANGE IN NATURE OF 
      COMMISSION OF SERVICE ACADEMY GRADUATES.
    Section 702(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``regular'' in the first sentence.
    SEC. 533. MANAGEMENT OF CIVILIAN FACULTY AT MILITARY AND AIR FORCE 
      ACADEMIES.
    (a) Recodification of Military Academy Authority.--(1) Chapter 403 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
4337 the following new section:

``§4338. Civilian faculty: number; compensation

    ``(a) The Secretary of the Army may employ as many civilians as 
professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Academy as the Secretary 
considers necessary.
    ``(b) The compensation of persons employed under this section is as 
prescribed by the Secretary.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 4337 the 
following new item:
``4338. Civilian faculty: number; compensation.''.

    (3) Section 4331 of such title is amended by striking out subsection 
(c).
    (b) Recodification of Air Force Academy Authority.--(1) Chapter 903 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
9337 the following new section:
``§9338. Civilian faculty: number; compensation
    ``(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may employ as many civilians as 
professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Academy as the Secretary 
considers necessary.
    ``(b) The compensation of persons employed under this section is as 
prescribed by the Secretary.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 9337 the 
following new item:
``9338. Civilian faculty: number; compensation.''.

    (3) Section 9331 of such title is amended by striking out subsection 
(c).
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5102(c)(10) of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``at the Naval Academy whose pay 
is fixed under section 6952 of title 10'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``at the Military Academy, the Naval Academy, and the Air Force Academy 
whose pay is fixed under sections 4338, 6952, and 9338, respectively, of 
title 10''.
    SEC. 534. EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENT THAT OFFICERS AND CIVILIAN 
      FACULTY MEMBERS REPORT VIOLATIONS OF NAVAL ACADEMY REGULATIONS.
    (a) Report Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report evaluating the administration of section 6965 
of title 10, United States Code. The report shall include any 
recommendations of the Secretary as to amendments or repeal of that 
section or whether the provisions of that section should be applied to 
the United States Military Academy and the United States Air Force 
Academy.
    (b) Submission of Report.--The report shall be submitted not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 535. PROHIBITION OF TRANSFER OF NAVAL ACADEMY PREPARATORY 
      SCHOOL.
    During fiscal year 1994, the Secretary of the Navy may not transfer 
the Naval Academy Preparatory School from Newport, Rhode Island, to 
Annapolis, Maryland, or expend any funds for any work (including 
preparation of an architectural engineering study, design work, or 
construction or modification of any structure) in preparation for such a 
transfer.
    SEC. 536. TEST PROGRAM TO EVALUATE USE OF PRIVATE PREPARATORY 
      SCHOOLS FOR SERVICE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL MISSION.
    (a) Test Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a test 
program to determine the efficiency and cost effectiveness of using 
schools in the private sector as an alternative to the existing schools 
used for the mission of operating a military preparatory school program 
for one or more of the service academies. The Secretary shall carry out 
the test program through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
and Readiness.
    (b) Priority.--The test program shall be carried out so as to give 
priority to the goal of enhancing opportunities for minorities, women, 
and prior enlisted personnel to attend service academies.
    (c) Exclusion From Academy Strength Limitations.--Any individual who 
is admitted to one of the three service academies following completion 
of a program of instruction at a private sector preparatory school under 
the test program shall be excluded from the computation of the size of 
the corps of cadets or brigade of midshipmen, as the case may be, for 
purposes of strength ceilings imposed by law.
                    Subtitle D--Women in the Service
    SEC. 541. REPEAL OF THE STATUTORY RESTRICTION ON THE ASSIGNMENT OF 
      WOMEN IN THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.
    (a) In General.--Section 6015 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 555 of such title is amended by striking out the item relating 
to section 6015.
    SEC. 542. NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF PROPOSED CHANGES IN COMBAT 
      ASSIGNMENTS TO WHICH FEMALE MEMBERS MAY BE ASSIGNED.
    (a) In General.--(1) Except in a case covered by subsection (b), 
whenever the Secretary of Defense proposes to change military personnel 
policies in order to make available to female members of the Armed 
Forces assignment to any type of combat unit, class of combat vessel, or 
type of combat platform that is not open to such assignments, the 
Secretary shall, not less than 30 days before such change is 
implemented, transmit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives notice of the proposed change in personnel 
policy.
    (2) If before the date of the enactment of this Act the Secretary 
made any change to military personnel policies in order to make 
available to female members of the Armed Forces assignment to any type 
of combat unit, class of combat vessel, or type of combat platform that 
was not previously open to such assignments, the Secretary shall, not 
later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, transmit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives notice of that change in personnel policy.
    (b) Special Rule for Ground Combat Exclusion Policy.--(1) If the 
Secretary of Defense proposes to make any change described in paragraph 
(2) to the ground combat exclusion policy, the Secretary shall, not less 
than 90 days before any such change is implemented, submit to Congress a 
report providing notice of the proposed change.
    (2) A change referred to in paragraph (1) is a change that either--
        (A) closes to female members of the Armed Forces any category of 
    unit or position that at that time is open to service by such 
    members; or
        (B) opens to service by such members any category of unit or 
    position that at that time is closed to service by such members.
    (3) The Secretary shall include in any report under paragraph (1)--
        (A) a detailed description of, and justification for, the 
    proposed change to the ground combat exclusion policy; and
        (B) a detailed analysis of legal implication of the proposed 
    change with respect to the constitutionality of the application of 
    the Military Selective Service Act to males only.
    (4) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``ground combat 
exclusion policy'' means the military personnel policies of the 
Department of Defense and the military departments, as in effect on 
January 1, 1993, by which female members of the Armed Forces are 
restricted from assignment to units and positions whose mission requires 
routine engagement in direct combat on the ground.
    SEC. 543. GENDER-NEUTRAL OCCUPATIONAL PERFORMANCE STANDARDS.
    (a) Gender Neutrality Requirement.--In the case of any military 
occupational career field that is open to both male and female members 
of the Armed Forces, the Secretary of Defense--
        (1) shall ensure that qualification of members of the Armed 
    Forces for, and continuance of members of the Armed Forces in, that 
    occupational career field is evaluated on the basis of common, 
    relevant performance standards, without differential standards or 
    evaluation on the basis of gender;
        (2) may not use any gender quota, goal, or ceiling except as 
    specifically authorized by law; and
        (3) may not change an occupational performance standard for the 
    purpose of increasing or decreasing the number of women in that 
    occupational career field.
    (b) Requirements Relating To Use of Specific Physical 
Requirements.--(1) For any military occupational specialty for which the 
Secretary of Defense determines that specific physical requirements for 
muscular strength and endurance and cardiovascular capacity are 
essential to the performance of duties, the Secretary shall prescribe 
specific physical requirements for members in that specialty and shall 
ensure (in the case of an occupational specialty that is open to both 
male and female members of the Armed Forces) that those requirements are 
applied on a gender-neutral basis.
    (2) Whenever the Secretary establishes or revises a physical 
requirement for an occupational specialty, a member serving in that 
occupational specialty when the new requirement becomes effective, who 
is otherwise considered to be a satisfactory performer, shall be 
provided a reasonable period, as determined under regulations prescribed 
by the Secretary, to meet the standard established by the new 
requirement. During that period, the new physical requirement may not be 
used to disqualify the member from continued service in that specialty.
    (c) Notice to Congress of Changes.--Whenever the Secretary of 
Defense proposes to implement changes to the occupational standards for 
a military occupational field that are expected to result in an 
increase, or in a decrease, of at least 10 percent in the number of 
female members of the Armed Forces who enter, or are assigned to, that 
occupational field, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
report providing notice of the change and the justification and 
rationale for the change. Such changes may then be implemented only 
after the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date on which such 
report is submitted.
             Subtitle E--Victims' Rights and Family Advocacy
    SEC. 551. RESPONSIBILITIES OF MILITARY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS AT 
      SCENES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
    (a) In General.--(1) Section 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§1058. Responsibilities of military law enforcement officials at 
     scenes of domestic violence
    ``(a) Immediate Actions Required.--Under regulations prescribed 
pursuant to subsection (c), the Secretary concerned shall ensure, in any 
case of domestic violence in which a military law enforcement official 
at the scene determines that physical injury has been inflicted or a 
deadly weapon or dangerous instrument has been used, that military law 
enforcement officials--
        ``(1) take immediate measures to reduce the potential for 
    further violence at the scene; and
        ``(2) within 24 hours of the incident, provide a report of the 
    domestic violence to the appropriate commander and to a local 
    military family advocacy representative exercising responsibility 
    over the area in which the incident took place.
    ``(b) Family Advocacy Committee.--Under regulations prescribed 
pursuant to subsection (c), the Secretary concerned shall ensure that, 
whenever a report is provided to a commander under subsection (a)(2), a 
multidisciplinary family advocacy committee meets, with all due 
practicable speed, to review the situation and to make recommendations 
to the commander for appropriate action.
    ``(c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of 
Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating 
as a service in the Navy, shall prescribe by regulation the definition 
of `domestic violence' for purposes of this section and such other 
regulations as may be necessary for purposes of this section.
    ``(d) Military Law Enforcement Official.--In this section, the term 
`military law enforcement official' means a person authorized under 
regulations governing the armed forces to apprehend persons subject to 
this chapter or to trial thereunder.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``1058. Responsibilities of military law enforcement officials at scenes 
          of domestic violence.''.

    (b) Deadline for Prescribing Procedures.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall prescribe procedures to carry out section 1058 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later than six months after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 552. IMPROVED PROCEDURES FOR NOTIFICATION OF VICTIMS AND 
      WITNESSES OF STATUS OF PRISONERS IN MILITARY CORRECTIONAL 
      FACILITIES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe procedures 
and implement a centralized system for notice of the status of offenders 
confined in military correctional facilities to be provided to victims 
and witnesses. Such procedures shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
be consistent with procedures of the Federal Bureau of Prisons for 
victim and witness notification.
    (b) Deadline for Prescribing Procedures.--The Secretary of Defense--
        (1) shall prescribe the procedures required by subsection (a) 
    not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this 
    Act; and
        (2) shall implement the centralized system required by that 
    section not later than six months after those procedures are 
    prescribed.
    (c) Notification and Reporting Requirement.--(1) Upon implementation 
of the centralized system of notice under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall notify Congress of such implementation.
    (2) After such system has been in operation for one year, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report detailing the lessons 
learned during the first year of operation.
    (d) Termination of Requirement.--The requirement to establish 
procedures and implement a centralized system of notice under subsection 
(a) shall expire 90 days after the receipt of the report required by 
subsection (c)(2).

SEC. 553. STUDY OF STALKING BY PERSONS SUBJECT TO UCMJ.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than six months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on the problem of stalking by persons subject to the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice (chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code). 
In the report, the Secretary shall describe the scope of the problem of 
stalking within the Armed Forces and shall address whether existing 
procedures and punitive articles under the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice adequately protect members of the Armed Forces, and dependents 
of members of the Armed Forces, who are threatened with stalking. The 
Secretary shall include in the report such recommendations for changes 
to law and regulations as the Secretary determines to be necessary.
    (b) Stalking.--For purposes of the report under subsection (a), 
stalking shall be considered to include actions of a person in 
repeatedly following or harassing another person in a manner to induce 
in a reasonable person a fear of sexual battery, bodily injury, or death 
of that person or a member of that person's immediate family.
    SEC. 554. TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES SEPARATED FOR DEPENDENT ABUSE.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§1058. Dependents of members separated for dependent abuse: 
     transitional compensation
    ``(a) Authority To Pay Compensation.--The Secretary of Defense, with 
respect to the armed forces (other than the Coast Guard when it is not 
operating as a service in the Navy), and the Secretary of 
Transportation, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating 
as a service in the Navy, may each establish a program to pay monthly 
transitional compensation in accordance with this section to dependents 
or former dependents of a member of the armed forces described in 
subsection (b).
    ``(b) Punitive and Other Adverse Actions Covered.--This section 
applies in the case of a member of the armed forces on active duty for a 
period of more than 30 days--
        ``(1) who is convicted of a dependent-abuse offense (as defined 
    in subsection (c)) and whose conviction results in the member--
            ``(A) being separated from active duty pursuant to a 
        sentence of a court-martial; or
            ``(B) forfeiting all pay and allowances pursuant to a 
        sentence of a court-martial; or
        ``(2) who is administratively separated from active duty in 
    accordance with applicable regulations if the basis for the 
    separation includes a dependent-abuse offense.
    ``(c) Dependent-Abuse Offenses.--For purposes of this section, a 
dependent-abuse offense is conduct by an individual while a member of 
the armed forces on active duty for a period of more than 30 days--
        ``(1) that involves abuse of the spouse or a dependent child of 
    the member; and
        ``(2) that is a criminal offense specified in regulations 
    prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (j).
    ``(d) Recipients of Payments.--In any case of a separation from 
active duty as described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall pay such 
compensation to dependents or former dependents of the former member as 
follows:
        ``(1) If the former member was married at the time of the 
    commission of the dependent-abuse offense resulting in the 
    separation, such compensation shall (except as otherwise provided in 
    this subsection) be paid to the spouse or former spouse to whom the 
    member was married at that time.
        ``(2) If there is a spouse or former spouse who (but for 
    subsection (g)) would be eligible for compensation under this 
    section and if there is a dependent child of the former member who 
    does not reside in the same household as that spouse or former 
    spouse, such compensation shall be paid to each such dependent child 
    of the former member who does not reside in that household.
        ``(3) If there is no spouse or former spouse who is (or but for 
    subsection (g) would be) eligible under paragraph (1), such 
    compensation shall be paid to the dependent children of the former 
    member.
        ``(4) For purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3), an individual's 
    status as a `dependent child' shall be determined as of the date on 
    which the member is convicted of the dependent-abuse offense or, in 
    a case described in subsection (b)(2), as of the date on which the 
    member is separated from active duty.
    ``(e) Commencement and Duration of Payment.--(1) Payment of 
transitional compensation under this section shall commence as of the 
date of the discontinuance of the member's pay and allowances pursuant 
to the separation or sentencing of the member and, except as provided in 
paragraph (2), shall be paid for a period of 36 months.
    ``(2) If as of the date on which payment of transitional 
compensation commences the unserved portion of the member's period of 
obligated active duty service is less than 36 months, the period for 
which transitional compensation is paid shall be equal to the greater 
of--
        ``(A) the unserved portion of the member's period of obligated 
    active duty service; or
        ``(B) 12 months.
    ``(f) Amount of Payment.--(1) Payment to a spouse or former spouse 
under this section for any month shall be at the rate in effect for that 
month for the payment of dependency and indemnity compensation under 
section 1311(a)(1) of title 38.
    ``(2) If a spouse or former spouse to whom compensation is paid 
under this section has custody of a dependent child or children of the 
member, the amount of such compensation paid for any month shall be 
increased for each such dependent child by the amount in effect for that 
month under section 1311(b) of title 38.
    ``(3) If compensation is paid under this section to a child or 
children pursuant to subsection (d)(2) or (d)(3), such compensation 
shall be paid in equal shares, with the amount of such compensation for 
any month determined in accordance with the rates in effect for that 
month under section 1313 of title 38.
    ``(g) Spouse and Former Spouse Forfeiture Provisions.--(1) If a 
former spouse receiving compensation under this section remarries, the 
Secretary shall terminate payment of such compensation, effective as of 
the date of such marriage. The Secretary may not renew payment of 
compensation under this section to such former spouse in the event of 
the termination of such subsequent marriage.
    ``(2) If after a punitive or other adverse action is executed in the 
case of a former member as described in subsection (b) the former member 
resides in the same household as the spouse or former spouse, or 
dependent child, to whom compensation is otherwise payable under this 
section, the Secretary shall terminate payment of such compensation, 
effective as of the time the former member begins residing in such 
household. Compensation paid for a period after the former member's 
separation, but before the former member resides in the household, shall 
not be recouped. If the former member subsequently ceases to reside in 
such household before the end of the period of eligibility for such 
payments, the Secretary may not resume such payments.
    ``(3) In a case in which the victim of the dependent-abuse offense 
resulting in a punitive or other adverse action described in subsection 
(b) was a dependent child, the Secretary concerned may not pay 
compensation under this section to a spouse or former spouse who would 
otherwise be eligible to receive such compensation if the Secretary 
determines (under regulations prescribed under subsection (j)) that the 
spouse or former spouse was an active participant in the conduct 
constituting the dependent-abuse offense.
    ``(h) Effect of Continuation of Military Pay.--In the case of 
payment of transitional compensation by reason of a total forfeiture of 
pay and allowances pursuant to a sentence of a court-martial, payment of 
transitional compensation shall not be made for any period for which an 
order--
        ``(1) suspends, in whole or in part, that part of a sentence 
    that includes forfeiture of the member's pay and allowance; or
        ``(2) otherwise results in continuation, in whole or in part, of 
    the member's pay and allowances.
    ``(i) Coordination of Benefits.--The Secretary concerned may not 
make payments to a spouse or former spouse under both this section and 
section 1408(h)(1) of this title. In the case of a spouse or former 
spouse for whom a court order provides for payments by the Secretary 
pursuant to section 1408(h)(1) of this title and to whom the Secretary 
offers payments under this section, the spouse or former spouse shall 
elect which to receive.
    ``(j) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section with respect to the armed forces 
(other than the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the 
Navy). The Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this section with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not 
operating as a service in the Navy.
    ``(2) Regulations prescribed under paragraph (1) shall include the 
criminal offenses, or categories of offenses, under the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice (chapter 47 of this title), Federal criminal law, the 
criminal laws of the States and other jurisdictions of the United 
States, and the laws of other nations that are to be considered to be 
dependent-abuse offenses for the purposes of this section.
    ``(k) Dependent Child Defined.--In this section, the term `dependent 
child', with respect to a member or former member of the armed forces 
referred to in subsection (b), means an unmarried child, including an 
adopted child or a stepchild, who was residing with the member at the 
time of the dependent-abuse offense resulting in the separation of the 
former member and--
        ``(1) who is under 18 years of age;
        ``(2) who is 18 years of age or older and is incapable of self-
    support because of a mental or physical incapacity that existed 
    before the age of 18 and who is (or, at the time a punitive or other 
    adverse action was executed in the case of the former member as 
    described in subsection (b), was) dependent on the former member for 
    over one-half of the child's support; or
        ``(3) who is 18 years of age or older but less than 23 years of 
    age, is enrolled in a full-time course of study in an institution of 
    higher learning approved by the Secretary of Defense and who is (or, 
    at the time a punitive or other adverse action was executed in the 
    case of the former member as described in subsection (b), was) 
    dependent on the former member for over one-half of the child's 
    support.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1056 the 
following new item:
``1058. Dependents of members separated for dependent abuse: 
          transitional compensation.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--(1) Section 1058 of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to a member 
of the Armed Forces who, on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act--
        (A) is separated from active duty as described in subsection (b) 
    of such section; or
        (B) forfeits all pay and allowances as described in such 
    subsection.
    (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), no payment may be made under such 
section 1058 with respect to any period before April 1, 1994.
    SEC. 555. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR BENEFITS FOR DEPENDENT 
      VICTIMS OF ABUSE BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES PENDING LOSS OF 
      RETIRED PAY.
    (a) Payment Required.--Subsection (h) of section 1408 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new paragraph 
    (10):
    ``(10)(A) For purposes of this subsection, in the case of a member 
of the armed forces who has been sentenced by a court-martial to receive 
a punishment that will terminate the eligibility of that member to 
receive retired pay if executed, the eligibility of that member to 
receive retired pay may, as determined by the Secretary concerned, be 
considered terminated effective upon the approval of that sentence by 
the person acting under section 860(c) of this title (article 60(c) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    ``(B) If each form of the punishment that would result in the 
termination of eligibility to receive retired pay is later remitted, set 
aside, or mitigated to a punishment that does not result in the 
termination of that eligibility, a payment of benefits to the eligible 
recipient under this subsection that is based on the punishment so 
vacated, set aside, or mitigated shall cease. The cessation of payments 
shall be effective as of the first day of the first month following the 
month in which the Secretary concerned notifies the recipient of such 
benefits in writing that payment of the benefits will cease. The 
recipient may not be required to repay the benefits received before that 
effective date (except to the extent necessary to recoup any amount that 
was erroneous when paid).''.
    (b) Administration for the Coast Guard.--Such subsection is further 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting after ``Secretary of 
    Defense'' the following: ``or, for the Coast Guard when it is not 
    operating as a service in the Navy, by the Secretary of 
    Transportation''; and
        (2) in paragraph (8), by inserting before the period at the end 
    the following: ``or, in the case of the Coast Guard, out of funds 
    appropriated to the Department of Transportation for payment of 
    retired pay for the Coast Guard''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect as of October 23, 1992, and shall apply as if the provisions of 
the paragraph (10) of section 1408(h) of title 10, United States Code, 
added by such subsection were included in the amendment made by section 
653(a)(2) of Public Law 102-484 (106 Stat. 2426).
                 Subtitle F--Force Reduction Transition
    SEC. 561. EXTENSION THROUGH FISCAL YEAR 1999 OF CERTAIN FORCE DRAW-
      DOWN TRANSITION AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AND 
      BENEFITS.
    (a) Early Retirement Authority for Active Duty Members.--Section 
4403(i) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
(Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2704; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note) is amended by 
striking out ``October 1, 1995'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 
1, 1999''.
    (b) Selective Early Retirement Boards.--Section 638a(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``five-year period'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-year period''.
    (c) Required Length of Commissioned Service for Voluntary Retirement 
as an Officer.--Sections 3911(b), 6323(a)(2), and 8911(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, are each amended by striking out ``five-year 
period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-year period''.
    (d) Reduction of Time-in-Grade Requirement for Retention of Grade 
Upon Voluntary Retirement.--Section 1370(a)(2)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``five-year period'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-year period''.
    (e) Retirement of Certain Limited Duty Officers of the Navy.--
Sections 633 and 634, and subsection (a)(5) and (i) of section 6383, of 
title 10, United States Code, are each amended by striking out ``October 
1, 1995'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1999''.
    (f) Guard and Reserve Transition Initiatives.--(1) Section 4411 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 
102-484; 106 Stat. 2712; 10 U.S.C. 1162 note) is amended by striking out 
``September 30, 1995'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 
1999''.
    (2) Section 4416 of such Act (106 Stat. 2714; 10 U.S.C. 1162 note) 
is amended--
        (A) in subsection (b)--
            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking out 
        ``the period referred to in subsection (c)'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``the force reduction transition period'';
            (ii) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``October 1, 1995,'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1999,''; and
            (iii) in paragraph (3), by striking out ``Retired Reserve--
        '' and all that follows in that paragraph and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``Retired Reserve.''; and
        (B) by striking out subsection (c).
    (3) Section 4418(a) of such Act (106 Stat. 2717; 10 U.S.C. 1162 
note) is amended by inserting ``during the force reduction transition 
period'' before ``is entitled to separation pay''.
    (4) Section 1331a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (A) in subsection (a)(1)(B), by striking out ``October 1, 1995'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1999'';
        (B) in subsection (a)(2), by striking out ``within one year 
    after the date of the notification referred to in paragraph (1)''; 
    and
        (C) in subsection (b), by striking out ``October 1, 1995'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1999''.
    (g) Special Separation Benefit.--Section 1174a(h) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1995'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (h) Voluntary Separation Incentive.--Section 1175 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsections (d)(3) and (h)(6), by striking out 
    ``September 30, 1995'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``September 30, 1999''; and
        (2) in subsection (h)(7)(A), by striking out ``fiscal year 
    1996'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``fiscal year 1999''.
    (i) Health, Commissary, and Family Housing Benefits.--Sections 
1145(a)(1), 1145(c)(1), 1146, and 1147(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, are each amended by striking out ``five-year period'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-year period''.
    (j) Guard and Reserve Affiliation Preference.--Section 1150(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``five-year 
period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-year period''.
    (k) Assistance To Obtain Employment as Teacher.--Section 
1151(c)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
out ``five-year period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``seven-year 
period''.
    (l) Travel and Transportation Allowances and Storage of Baggage and 
Household Effects for Certain Members Being Involuntarily Separated.--
(1) Sections 404(c)(1)(C), 404(f)(2)(B)(v), 406(a)(2)(B)(v), and 
406(g)(1)(C) of title 37, United States Code, are each amended by 
striking out ``five-year period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-
year period''.
    (2) Section 503(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 37 U.S.C. 406 note) is amended by 
striking out ``five-year period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-
year period''.
    (m) Waiver of Service Requirement for Certain Reservists Under 
Montgomery GI Bill.--Section 2133(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States 
Code, and section 3012(b)(1)(B)(iii) of title 38, United States Code, 
are each amended by striking out ``September 30, 1995,'' and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999,''.
    (n) Continued Enrollment of Dependents in Defense Dependents' 
Education System.--Section 1407(c)(1) of the Defense Dependents' 
Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 926(c)(1)) is amended by striking out 
``five-year period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``nine-year period''.
    (o) Program of Educational Leave Relating to Continuing Public and 
Community Service.--Section 4463(f) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (106 Stat. 2741; 10 U.S.C. 1143a 
note) is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1995'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    SEC. 562. RETENTION IN AN ACTIVE STATUS OF ENLISTED RESERVES WITH 
      BETWEEN 18 AND 20 YEARS OF SERVICE.
    (a) Sanctuary for Reserve Members.--Section 1176 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out subsection (b) and inserting in 
lieu thereof the following:
    ``(b) Reserve Members in Active Status.--A reserve enlisted member 
serving in an active status who is selected to be involuntarily 
separated (other than for physical disability or for cause), or whose 
term of enlistment expires and who is denied reenlistment (other than 
for physical disability or for cause), and who on the date on which the 
member is to be discharged or transferred from an active status is 
entitled to be credited with at least 18 but less than 20 years of 
service computed under section 1332 of this title, may not be 
discharged, denied reenlistment, or transferred from an active status 
without the member's consent before the earlier of the following:
        ``(1) If as of the date on which the member is to be discharged 
    or transferred from an active status the member has at least 18, but 
    less than 19, years of service computed under section 1332 of this 
    title--
            ``(A) the date on which the member is entitled to be 
        credited with 20 years of service computed under section 1332 of 
        this title; or
            ``(B) the third anniversary of the date on which the member 
        would otherwise be discharged or transferred from an active 
        status.
        ``(2) If as of the date on which the member is to be discharged 
    or transferred from an active status the member has at least 19, but 
    less than 20, years of service computed under section 1332 of this 
    title--
            ``(A) the date on which the member is entitled to be 
        credited with 20 years of service computed under section 1332 of 
        this title; or
            ``(B) the second anniversary of the date on which the member 
        would otherwise be discharged or transferred from an active 
        status.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (b) of section 1176 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect as of 
October 23, 1992.
    SEC. 563. AUTHORITY TO ORDER EARLY RESERVE RETIREES TO ACTIVE DUTY.
    Section 688(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``who has completed at least 20 years of active service'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``who was retired under section 1293, 
3911, 3914, 6323, 8911, or 8914 of this title''.
    SEC. 564. APPLICABILITY TO COAST GUARD RESERVE OF CERTAIN RESERVE 
      COMPONENTS TRANSITION INITIATIVES.
    (a) Applicability of Certain Benefits.--The Secretary of 
Transportation shall prescribe such regulations as necessary so as to 
apply to the members of the Coast Guard Reserve the provisions of 
subtitle B of title XLIV of the Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and 
Transition Assistance Act of 1992 (division D of Public Law 102-484; 106 
Stat. 2712), including the amendments made by those provisions. For 
purposes of the application of any of such provisions to the Coast Guard 
Reserve, any reference in those provisions to the Secretary of Defense 
or Secretary of a military department shall be treated as referring to 
the Secretary of Transportation.
    (b) Regulations.--Regulations prescribed for the purposes of this 
section shall to the extent practicable be identical to the regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under those provisions.
    (c) Temporary Special Retirement Authority.--Section 1331a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking out ``Secretary of a military 
    department'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Secretary concerned''; 
    and
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking out ``of the military 
    department''; and
        (3) in subsection (e), by striking out the period at the end and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``and by the Secretary of Transportation 
    with respect to the Coast Guard.''.
                        Subtitle G--Other Matters
    SEC. 571. POLICY CONCERNING HOMOSEXUALITY IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Codification.--(1) Chapter 37 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§654. Policy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces
    ``(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        ``(1) Section 8 of article I of the Constitution of the United 
    States commits exclusively to the Congress the powers to raise and 
    support armies, provide and maintain a Navy, and make rules for the 
    government and regulation of the land and naval forces.
        ``(2) There is no constitutional right to serve in the armed 
    forces.
        ``(3) Pursuant to the powers conferred by section 8 of article I 
    of the Constitution of the United States, it lies within the 
    discretion of the Congress to establish qualifications for and 
    conditions of service in the armed forces.
        ``(4) The primary purpose of the armed forces is to prepare for 
    and to prevail in combat should the need arise.
        ``(5) The conduct of military operations requires members of the 
    armed forces to make extraordinary sacrifices, including the 
    ultimate sacrifice, in order to provide for the common defense.
        ``(6) Success in combat requires military units that are 
    characterized by high morale, good order and discipline, and unit 
    cohesion.
        ``(7) One of the most critical elements in combat capability is 
    unit cohesion, that is, the bonds of trust among individual service 
    members that make the combat effectiveness of a military unit 
    greater than the sum of the combat effectiveness of the individual 
    unit members.
        ``(8) Military life is fundamentally different from civilian 
    life in that--
            ``(A) the extraordinary responsibilities of the armed 
        forces, the unique conditions of military service, and the 
        critical role of unit cohesion, require that the military 
        community, while subject to civilian control, exist as a 
        specialized society; and
            ``(B) the military society is characterized by its own laws, 
        rules, customs, and traditions, including numerous restrictions 
        on personal behavior, that would not be acceptable in civilian 
        society.
        ``(9) The standards of conduct for members of the armed forces 
    regulate a member's life for 24 hours each day beginning at the 
    moment the member enters military status and not ending until that 
    person is discharged or otherwise separated from the armed forces.
        ``(10) Those standards of conduct, including the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice, apply to a member of the armed forces at all times 
    that the member has a military status, whether the member is on base 
    or off base, and whether the member is on duty or off duty.
        ``(11) The pervasive application of the standards of conduct is 
    necessary because members of the armed forces must be ready at all 
    times for worldwide deployment to a combat environment.
        ``(12) The worldwide deployment of United States military 
    forces, the international responsibilities of the United States, and 
    the potential for involvement of the armed forces in actual combat 
    routinely make it necessary for members of the armed forces 
    involuntarily to accept living conditions and working conditions 
    that are often spartan, primitive, and characterized by forced 
    intimacy with little or no privacy.
        ``(13) The prohibition against homosexual conduct is a 
    longstanding element of military law that continues to be necessary 
    in the unique circumstances of military service.
        ``(14) The armed forces must maintain personnel policies that 
    exclude persons whose presence in the armed forces would create an 
    unacceptable risk to the armed forces' high standards of morale, 
    good order and discipline, and unit cohesion that are the essence of 
    military capability.
        ``(15) The presence in the armed forces of persons who 
    demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts 
    would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, 
    good order and discipline, and unit cohesion that are the essence of 
    military capability.
    ``(b) Policy.--A member of the armed forces shall be separated from 
the armed forces under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense if one or more of the following findings is made and approved in 
accordance with procedures set forth in such regulations:
        ``(1) That the member has engaged in, attempted to engage in, or 
    solicited another to engage in a homosexual act or acts unless there 
    are further findings, made and approved in accordance with 
    procedures set forth in such regulations, that the member has 
    demonstrated that--
            ``(A) such conduct is a departure from the member's usual 
        and customary behavior;
            ``(B) such conduct, under all the circumstances, is unlikely 
        to recur;
            ``(C) such conduct was not accomplished by use of force, 
        coercion, or intimidation;
            ``(D) under the particular circumstances of the case, the 
        member's continued presence in the armed forces is consistent 
        with the interests of the armed forces in proper discipline, 
        good order, and morale; and
            ``(E) the member does not have a propensity or intent to 
        engage in homosexual acts.
        ``(2) That the member has stated that he or she is a homosexual 
    or bisexual, or words to that effect, unless there is a further 
    finding, made and approved in accordance with procedures set forth 
    in the regulations, that the member has demonstrated that he or she 
    is not a person who engages in, attempts to engage in, has a 
    propensity to engage in, or intends to engage in homosexual acts.
        ``(3) That the member has married or attempted to marry a person 
    known to be of the same biological sex.
    ``(c) Entry Standards and Documents.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that the standards for enlistment and appointment of 
members of the armed forces reflect the policies set forth in subsection 
(b).
    ``(2) The documents used to effectuate the enlistment or appointment 
of a person as a member of the armed forces shall set forth the 
provisions of subsection (b).
    ``(d) Required Briefings.--The briefings that members of the armed 
forces receive upon entry into the armed forces and periodically 
thereafter under section 937 of this title (article 137 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice) shall include a detailed explanation of the 
applicable laws and regulations governing sexual conduct by members of 
the armed forces, including the policies prescribed under subsection 
(b).
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (b) shall be 
construed to require that a member of the armed forces be processed for 
separation from the armed forces when a determination is made in 
accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense 
that--
        ``(1) the member engaged in conduct or made statements for the 
    purpose of avoiding or terminating military service; and
        ``(2) separation of the member would not be in the best interest 
    of the armed forces.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `homosexual' means a person, regardless of sex, 
    who engages in, attempts to engage in, has a propensity to engage 
    in, or intends to engage in homosexual acts, and includes the terms 
    `gay' and `lesbian'.
        ``(2) The term `bisexual' means a person who engages in, 
    attempts to engage in, has a propensity to engage in, or intends to 
    engage in homosexual and heterosexual acts.
        ``(3) The term `homosexual act' means--
            ``(A) any bodily contact, actively undertaken or passively 
        permitted, between members of the same sex for the purpose of 
        satisfying sexual desires; and
            ``(B) any bodily contact which a reasonable person would 
        understand to demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in an 
        act described in subparagraph (A).''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``654. Policy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces.''.

    (b) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise Department of Defense 
regulations, and issue such new regulations as may be necessary, to 
implement section 654 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a).
    (c) Savings Provision.--Nothing in this section or section 654 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), may be 
construed to invalidate any inquiry, investigation, administrative 
action or proceeding, court-martial, or judicial proceeding conducted 
before the effective date of regulations issued by the Secretary of 
Defense to implement such section 654.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the suspension of questioning concerning homosexuality as 
    part of the processing of individuals for accession into the Armed 
    Forces under the interim policy of January 29, 1993, should be 
    continued, but the Secretary of Defense may reinstate that 
    questioning with such questions or such revised questions as he 
    considers appropriate if the Secretary determines that it is 
    necessary to do so in order to effectuate the policy set forth in 
    section 654 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
    (a); and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense should consider issuing guidance 
    governing the circumstances under which members of the Armed Forces 
    questioned about homosexuality for administrative purposes should be 
    afforded warnings similar to the warnings under section 831(b) of 
    title 10, United States Code (article 31(b) of the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice).
    SEC. 572. CHANGE IN TIMING OF REQUIRED DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING AND 
      EVALUATION OF APPLICANTS FOR APPOINTMENT AS CADET OR MIDSHIPMAN 
      AND FOR ROTC GRADUATES.
    Section 978(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence, by striking out ``during the physical 
    examination given the applicant before such appointment'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``within 72 hours of such appointment''; 
    and
        (2) in the second sentence, by striking out ``during the 
    precommissioning physical examination given such person'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``before such an appointment is 
    executed''.
    SEC. 573. REIMBURSEMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED EDUCATION 
      ASSISTANCE.
    (a) In General.--Section 2005 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(g)(1) In any case in which the Secretary concerned determines 
that a person who entered into an agreement under this section failed to 
complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement (or failed 
to fulfill any other term or condition prescribed in the agreement) and, 
by reason of the provision of the agreement required under subsection 
(a)(3), may owe a debt to the United States and in which that person 
disputes that such a debt is owed, the Secretary shall designate a 
member of the armed forces or a civilian employee under the jurisdiction 
of the Secretary to investigate the facts of the case and hear evidence 
presented by the person who may owe the debt and other parties, as 
appropriate, in order to determine the validity of the debt. That 
official shall report the official's findings and recommendations to the 
Secretary concerned. If the justification for the debt investigated 
includes an allegation of misconduct, the investigating official shall 
state in the report the official's assessment as to whether the 
individual behavior that resulted in the separation of the person who 
may owe the debt qualifies as misconduct under subsection (a)(3).
    ``(2) The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that a 
member of the armed forces who may be subject to a reimbursement 
requirement under this section is advised of such requirement before (1) 
submitting a request for voluntary separation, or (2) making a decision 
on a course of action regarding personal involvement in administrative, 
nonjudicial, and judicial action resulting from alleged misconduct.
    ``(h) The Secretary concerned may, at any time before October 1, 
1998, modify an agreement described in subsection (a) to reduce the 
active duty service obligation specified in the agreement if the 
Secretary determines that it is in the best interests of the United 
States to do so. In such a case, the Secretary shall reduce the amount 
required to be reimbursed to the United States proportionately with the 
reduction in the period of obligated active duty service.''.
    (b) Effective Dates.--(1) Subsection (g) of section 2005 of title 
10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with 
respect to persons separated from the Armed Forces after the end of the 
six-month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (2) Subsection (h) of such section, as added by subsection (a), 
shall apply with respect to persons separated from the Armed Forces 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 574. RECOGNITION BY STATES OF MILITARY POWERS OF ATTORNEY.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1044a the following new section:
``§1044b. Military powers of attorney: requirement for recognition 
      by States
    ``(a) Instruments To Be Given Legal Effect Without Regard to State 
Law.--A military power of attorney--
        ``(1) is exempt from any requirement of form, substance, 
    formality, or recording that is provided for powers of attorney 
    under the laws of a State; and
        ``(2) shall be given the same legal effect as a power of 
    attorney prepared and executed in accordance with the laws of the 
    State concerned.
    ``(b) Military Power of Attorney.--For purposes of this section, a 
military power of attorney is any general or special power of attorney 
that is notarized in accordance with section 1044a of this title or 
other applicable State or Federal law.
    ``(c) Statement To Be Included.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by 
the Secretary concerned, each military power of attorney shall contain a 
statement that sets forth the provisions of subsection (a).
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not be construed to make inapplicable the 
provisions of subsection (a) to a military power of attorney that does 
not include a statement described in that paragraph.
    ``(d) State Defined.--In this section, the term `State' includes the 
District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and a possession 
of the United States.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1044a the following:
``1044b. Military powers of attorney: requirement for recognition by 
          States.''.

SEC. 575. FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY TEST PROGRAM.

    (a) Test Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and carry 
out a test program for improving foreign language proficiency in the 
Department of Defense through improved management and other measures. 
The test program shall be designed to evaluate the findings and 
recommendations of--
        (1) the June 1993 inspection report of the Inspector General of 
    the Department of Defense on the Defense Foreign Language Program 
    (report numbered 93-INS-10);
        (2) the report of the Sixth Quadrennial Review of Military 
    Compensation (August 1988); and
        (3) any other recent study of the foreign language proficiency 
    program of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Evaluation of Prior Recommendations.--The test program shall 
include an evaluation of the following possible changes to current 
practice identified in the reports referred to in subsec-P tion (a):
        (1) Management of linguist billets and personnel for the active 
    and reserve components from a Total Force perspective.
        (2) Improvement of linguist training programs, both resident and 
    nonresident, to provide greater flexibility, to accommodate missions 
    other than signals intelligence, and to improve the provision of 
    resources for nonresident programs.
        (3) Centralized responsibility within the Office of the 
    Secretary of Defense to provide coordinated oversight of all foreign 
    language issues and programs, including a centralized process for 
    determination, validation, and documentation of foreign language 
    requirements for different services and missions.
        (4) Revised policies of each of the military departments to 
    foster maintenance of highly perishable linguistic skills through 
    improved management of the careers of language-trained personnel, 
    including more effective use of language skills, improved career 
    opportunities within the linguistics field, and specific linkage of 
    language proficiency to promotions.
        (5) In the case of language-trained members of the reserve 
    components--
            (A) the use of additional training assemblies (ATAs) as a 
        means of sustaining linguistic proficiency and enhancing 
        retention; and
            (B) the use of larger enlistment and reenlistment bonuses, 
        Special Duty Assignment Pay, and educational incentives.
        (6) Such other management changes as the Secretary may consider 
    necessary.
    (c) Evaluation of Adjustment in Foreign Language Proficiency Pay.--
(1) The Secretary shall include in the test program an evaluation of 
adjustments in foreign language proficiency pay for active and reserve 
component personnel (which may be adjusted for purposes of the test 
program without regard to section 316(b) of title 37, United States 
Code).
    (2) Before any adjustment in foreign language proficiency pay is 
included in the test program as authorized by paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall submit to the committees named in subsection (d)(2) the 
following information related to proficiency pay adjustments:
        (A) The response of the Secretary to the findings of the 
    Inspector General in the report on the Defense Foreign Language 
    Program referred to in subsection (a)(1), specifically including the 
    following matters raised in that report:
            (i) Inadequate centralized oversight of planning, policy, 
        roles, responsibilities, and funding for foreign language 
        programs.
            (ii) Inadequate management and validation of the 
        requirements process for foreign language programs.
            (iii) Inadequate uniform career management of language-
        trained personnel, including failure to take sufficient 
        advantage of language skills and to recoup investment of 
        training dollars.
            (iv) Inadequate training programs, both resident and 
        nonresident.
        (B) The current manning of linguistic billets (shown by service, 
    by active or reserve component, and by career field).
        (C) The rates of retention in the service for language-trained 
    personnel (shown by service, by active or reserve component, and by 
    career field).
        (D) The rates of retention by career field for language-trained 
    personnel (shown by service and by active or reserve component).
        (E) The rates of language proficiency for personnel serving in 
    linguistic billets (shown by service, by active or reserve 
    component, and by career field).
        (F) Trends in performance ratings for personnel serving in 
    linguistic billets (shown by service, by active or reserve 
    component, and by career field).
        (G) Promotion rates for personnel serving in linguistic billets 
    (shown by service, by active or reserve component, and by career 
    field).
        (H) The estimated cost of foreign language proficiency pay as 
    proposed to be paid at the adjusted rates for the test program under 
    paragraph (1)--
            (i) for each year of the test program; and
            (ii) for five years, if those rates are subsequently applied 
        to the entire Department of Defense.
    (3) The rates for adjusted foreign language proficiency pay as 
proposed to be paid for the test program under paragraph (1) may not 
take effect for the test program unless the senior official responsible 
for personnel matters in the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
determines that--
        (A) the foreign language proficiency pay levels established for 
    the test program are consistent with proficiency pay levels for 
    other functions throughout the Department of Defense; and
        (B) the terms and conditions for receiving foreign language 
    proficiency pay conform to current policies and practices within the 
    Department of Defense.
    (d) Report on Plan for Test Program.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the committees named in paragraph (2) a report 
containing a plan for the test program required in subsection (a), an 
explanation of the plan, and a discussion of the matters stated in 
subsection (c)(2). The report shall be submitted not later than April 1, 
1994.
    (2) The committees referred to in paragraph (1) are--
        (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Select 
    Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
        (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select Committee on 
    Intelligence of the Senate.
    (e) Period of Test Program.--(1) The test program required by 
subsection (a) shall begin on October 1, 1994. However, if the report 
required by subsection (d) is not submitted by the date specified in 
that subsection for the submission of the report, the test program shall 
begin at the end of a period of 180 days (as computed under paragraph 
(2)) beginning on the date on which such report is submitted.
    (2) For purposes of paragraph (1), days on which either House is not 
in session because of an adjournment of more than 3 days to a day 
certain or because of an adjournment sine die shall be excluded in the 
computation of such 180-day period.
    (3) The test program shall terminate two years after it begins.
    SEC. 576. CLARIFICATION OF PUNITIVE UCMJ ARTICLE REGARDING DRUNKEN 
      DRIVING.
    (a) Clarification.--Paragraph (2) of section 911 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 111 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by inserting ``or more'' after ``0.10 grams'' both places such 
term appears.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect as if included in the amendment to section 911 of title 10, 
United States Code, made by section 1066(a)(1) of Public Law 102-484 on 
October 23, 1992.
           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS
                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. MILITARY PAY RAISE FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994.

    (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--Any adjustment required by 
section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, in elements of 
compensation of members of the uniformed services to become effective 
during fiscal year 1994 shall not be made.
    (b) Increase in Basic Pay, BAS, and BAQ.--Effective on January 1, 
1994, the rates of basic pay, basic allowance for subsistence, and basic 
allowance for quarters of members of the uniformed services are 
increased by 2.2 percent.
    SEC. 602. CONTINUATION OF RATE OF BASIC PAY APPLICABLE TO CERTAIN 
      MEMBERS WITH OVER 24 YEARS OF SERVICE.
    (a) Continuation of Rate.--Section 4402 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 
2701; 37 U.S.C. 1009 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking out ``Temporary'' in the subsection heading; 
        and
            (B) by striking out ``Temporary'' in the heading of the 
        table; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking out ``Temporary'' in the subsection heading; 
        and
            (B) by striking out ``December 31, 1992,'' and all that 
        follows through the period at the end and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``December 31, 1992.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) The heading of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 4402. RATE OF BASIC PAY APPLICABLE TO CERTAIN MEMBERS WITH OVER 
24 YEARS OF SERVICE.''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of contents in 
section 2(b) of such Act (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2329) is amended 
to read as follows:
``Sec. 4402. Rate of basic pay applicable to certain members with over 
          24 years of service.''.
    SEC. 603. PAY FOR STUDENTS AT SERVICE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOLS.
    (a) Rates of Pay.--Section 203 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e)(1) A student at the United States Military Academy Preparatory 
School, the United States Naval Academy Preparatory School, or the 
United States Air Force Academy Preparatory School who was selected to 
attend the preparatory school from civilian life is entitled to monthly 
student pay at the same rate as provided for cadets and midshipmen under 
subsection (c).
    ``(2) A student at a preparatory school referred to in paragraph (1) 
who, at the time of the student's selection to attend the preparatory 
school, was an enlisted member of the uniformed services on active duty 
for a period of more than 30 days shall continue to receive monthly 
basic pay at the rate prescribed for the student's pay grade and years 
of service as an enlisted member.
    ``(3) The monthly student pay of a student described in paragraph 
(1) shall be treated for purposes of the accrual charge for the 
Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund established under section 
1461 of title 10 in the same manner as monthly cadet pay or midshipman 
pay under subsection (c).''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall apply with respect to students entering the United States Military 
Academy Preparatory School, the United States Naval Academy Preparatory 
School, or the United States Air Force Academy Preparatory School on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 604. VARIABLE HOUSING ALLOWANCE FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS WHO ARE 
      REQUIRED TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT AND WHO ARE ASSIGNED TO SEA DUTY.
    Section 403a(b)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking out ``or''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or'' after the 
    semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) the member is assigned to sea duty and elects not to 
        occupy assigned quarters for unaccompanied personnel, unless the 
        member is in a pay grade above E-6;''.

SEC. 605. EVACUATION ADVANCE PAY.

    (a) Designation of Evacuation Location.--Section 1006(c) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``the President'' in 
the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``the Secretary of 
Defense''.
    (b) Treatment of Homestead Air Force Base Evacuation.--The advance 
payments of pay for permanent change of station that were received by 
members of the uniformed services who were evacuated in August 1992 from 
Homestead Air Force Base, Florida, because of Hurricane Andrew, shall be 
treated as having been paid as evacuation advance pay under the 
authority of section 1006(c) of title 37, United States Code.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays
    SEC. 611. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAY FOR 
      NURSE OFFICER CANDIDATES, REGISTERED NURSES, AND NURSE 
      ANESTHETISTS.
    (a) Nurse Officer Candidate Accession Program.--Section 2130a(a)(1) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 
30, 1993,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Septem-P ber 30, 1995,''.
    (b) Accession Bonus for Registered Nurses.--Section 302d(a)(1) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1993,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Septem-P ber 30, 1995,''.
    (c) Incentive Special Pay for Nurse Anesthetists.--Section 
302e(a)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``September 30, 1993,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Septem-P ber 30, 
1995,''.
    (d) Coverage of Period of Lapsed Agreement Authority.--(1) In the 
case of a person described in paragraph (2) who executes an agreement 
described in paragraph (3) during the 90-day period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may treat the 
agreement for purposes of the accession bonus, monthly stipend, or 
special pay authorized under the agreement as having been executed and 
accepted on the first date on which the person would have qualified for 
such an agreement had the amendments made by this section taken effect 
on Octo-P ber 1, 1993.
    (2) A person referred to in paragraph (1) is a person described in 
section 2130a(b) of title 10, United States Code, or section 302d(a)(1) 
or 302e(b) of title 37, United States Code, who, during the period 
beginning on October 1, 1993, and ending on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, would have qualified for an agreement described in paragraph 
(3) had the amendments made by this section taken effect on October 1, 
1993.
    (3) An agreement referred to in this subsection is an agreement with 
the Secretary concerned that is a condition for the payment of an 
accession bonus and monthly stipend under section 2130a of title 10, 
United States Code, an accession bonus under section 302d of title 37, 
United States Code, or incentive special pay under section 302e of title 
37, United States Code.
    (4) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``Secretary 
concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 101(5) of title 
37, United States Code.
    SEC. 612. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN BONUSES FOR RESERVE 
      FORCES.
    (a) Selected Reserve Reenlistment Bonus.--Section 308b(f) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (b) Selected Reserve Enlistment Bonus.--Section 308c of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking out ``$2,000'' in the material preceding 
        paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof ``$5,000''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``one-half of the 
        bonus shall be paid'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``an amount 
        not to exceed one-half of the bonus may be paid'';
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) The total amount of expenditures under this section may not 
exceed $37,024,000 during fiscal year 1994.''.
    (c) Selected Reserve Affiliation Bonus.--Section 308e of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``fifth anniversary'' 
        in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``sixth 
        anniversary''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In lieu of the procedures set out in paragraph (2), the 
Secretary concerned may pay the bonus in monthly installments in such 
amounts as may be determined by the Secretary. Monthly payments under 
this paragraph shall begin after the first month of satisfactory service 
of the person and are payable only for those months in which the person 
serves satisfactorily. Satisfactory service shall be determined under 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (d) Ready Reserve Enlistment and Reenlistment Bonus.--Section 
308h(g) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 
1995''.
    (e) Prior Service Enlistment Bonus.--Section 308i(i) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (f) Application of Certain Amendments.--The amendments made by 
subsections (a), (b), (d), and (e) shall take effect as of September 30, 
1993, and shall apply with respect to an enlistment, reenlistment, or 
extension of an enlistment described in section 308b, 308c, 308h, or 
308i of title 37, United States Code, occurring on or after that date.
    (g) Coverage of Period of Lapsed Agreement Authority.--(1) In the 
case of a person described in paragraph (2) who executes a reserve 
affiliation agreement under section 308e of title 37, United States 
Code, during the 90-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of the military department concerned may treat 
the agreement for purposes of the bonus authorized under such section as 
having been executed and accepted on the first date on which the person 
would have qualified for such an agreement had the amendment made by 
subsection (c)(2) taken effect on October 1, 1993.
    (2) A person referred to in paragraph (1) is a person described in 
section 308e(a) of title 37, United States Code, who, during the period 
beginning on October 1, 1993, and ending on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, would have qualified for a reserve affiliation agreement under 
such section had the amendment made by subsection (c)(2) taken effect on 
October 1, 1993.
    SEC. 613. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY RELATING TO PAYMENT OF OTHER 
      BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.
    (a) Aviation Officer Retention Bonus.--Section 301b(a) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``Septem-P ber 30, 1993'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1994''.
    (b) Reenlistment Bonus for Active Members.--Section 308(g) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Septem-P ber 30, 1995''.
    (c) Enlistment Bonus for Critical Skills.--Section 308a(c) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (d) Special Pay for Enlisted Members of the Selected Reserve 
Assigned To Certain High Priority Units.--Section 308d(c) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``Septem-P ber 30, 1995''.
    (e) Army Enlistment Bonus.--Section 308f(c) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1992'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    (f) Repayment of Education Loans for Certain Health Professionals 
Who Serve in the Selected Reserve.--Section 2172(d) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``October 1, 1993'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1995''.
    (g) Special Pay for Critically Short Wartime Health Specialists in 
the Selected Reserves.--Section 613(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (37 U.S.C. 302 note), is amended by 
striking out ``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``September 30, 1995''.
    (h) Application of Certain Amendments.--(1) The amendments made by 
subsections (b) and (c) shall take effect as of Sep-P tember 30, 1993, 
and shall apply with respect to an enlistment, reenlistment, or 
extension of an enlistment described in section 308 or 308a of title 37, 
United States Code, occurring on or after that date.
    (2) The amendment made by subsection (d) shall take effect as of 
September 30, 1993, and shall apply with respect to inactive duty for 
training performed after that date for which special pay is authorized 
under section 308d of title 37, United States Code.
    (3) The amendment made by subsection (e) shall take effect as of 
September 30, 1992, and shall apply with respect to an enlistment in the 
Army described in section 308f of title 37, United States Code, 
occurring on or after that date.
    (i) Coverage of Period of Lapsed Agreement Authority.--(1) In the 
case of an officer described in paragraph (2) who executes an agreement 
described in paragraph (3) during the 90-day period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may treat the 
agreement for purposes of the retention bonus or special pay authorized 
under the agreement as having been executed and accepted on the first 
date on which the officer would have qualified for such an agreement had 
the amendments made by subsections (a) and (g) taken effect on October 
1, 1993.
    (2) An officer referred to in paragraph (1) is an officer described 
in section 301b(b) of title 37, United States Code, or in section 
613(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 
(37 U.S.C. 302 note), who, during the period beginning on October 1, 
1993, and ending on the date of the enactment of this Act, would have 
qualified for an agreement described in paragraph (3) had the amendments 
made by subsections (a) and (g) taken effect on October 1, 1993.
    (3) An agreement referred to in this subsection is a service 
agreement with the Secretary concerned that is a condition for the 
payment of a retention bonus under section 301b of title 37, United 
States Code, or special pay under section 613 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (37 U.S.C. 302 note).
    (4) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``Secretary 
concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 101(5) of title 
37, United States Code.
            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

SEC. 621. REIMBURSEMENT OF TEMPORARY LODGING EXPENSES.

    (a) Periods Covered.--Subsection (a) of section 404a of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the second sentence, by striking out ``four days'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``10 days''; and
        (2) in the third sentence, by striking out ``two days'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``five days''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Subsection (d) of such section 
is repealed.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on April 1, 1994.
    SEC. 622. PAYMENT OF LOSSES INCURRED OR COLLECTION OF GAINS REALIZED 
      DUE TO FLUCTUATIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY IN CONNECTION WITH HOUSING 
      MEMBERS IN PRIVATE HOUSING ABROAD.
    (a) Payment or Collection Authorized.--Section 405(d) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d)(1) In the case of a member of the uniformed services 
authorized to receive a per diem allowance under subsection (a), the 
Secretary concerned may make a lump-sum payment for nonrecurring 
expenses--
        ``(A) incurred by the member in occupying private housing 
    outside of the United States; and
        ``(B) authorized or approved under regulations prescribed by the 
    Secretary concerned.
    ``(2) Nonrecurring expenses for which a member may be reimbursed 
under paragraph (1) may include losses sustained by the member on the 
refund of a rental deposit (or other deposit made by the member to 
secure housing) as a result of fluctuations in the relative value of the 
currencies of the United States and the foreign country in which such 
housing is located.
    ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall recoup the full amount of a 
refunded deposit referred to in paragraph (2) that was paid by the 
United States, including any gain resulting from a fluctuation in 
currency values referred to in that paragraph.
    ``(4) Expenses for which payments are made under this subsection may 
not be considered for purposes of determining the per diem allowance of 
the member under subsection (a).''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall apply with respect to nonrecurring expenses and currency 
fluctuation gains described in section 405(d) of title 37, United States 
Code, that are incurred by members of the uniformed services on or after 
October 1, 1993.
                        Subtitle D--Other Matters
    SEC. 631. REVISION OF DEFINITION OF DEPENDENTS FOR PURPOSES OF 
      ALLOWANCES.
    (a) Expansion of Definition.--Section 401(a) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(4) An unmarried person who--
            ``(A) is placed in the legal custody of the member as a 
        result of an order of a court of competent jurisdiction in the 
        United States (or Puerto Rico or a possession of the United 
        States) for a period of at least 12 consecutive months;
            ``(B) either--
                ``(i) has not attained the age of 21;
                ``(ii) has not attained the age of 23 years and is 
            enrolled in a full time course of study at an institution of 
            higher learning approved by the Secretary concerned; or
                ``(iii) is incapable of self support because of a mental 
            or physical incapacity that occurred while the person was 
            considered a dependent of the member or former member under 
            this paragraph pursuant to clause (i) or (ii);
            ``(C) is dependent on the member for over one-half of the 
        person's support;
            ``(D) resides with the member unless separated by the 
        necessity of military service or to receive institutional care 
        as a result of disability or incapacitation or under such other 
        circumstances as the Secretary concerned may by regulation 
        prescribe; and
            ``(E) is not a dependent of a member under any other 
        paragraph.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--Section 401(a)(4) of title 37, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to 
determinations of dependency made on or after July 1, 1994.

SEC. 632. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TUITION ASSISTANCE.

    Section 2007 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Subsection (c)(3) may not be construed to prohibit the 
Secretary of a military department from exercising any authority that 
the Secretary may have to pay charges of an educational institution 
(within the limits set forth in subsection (a)) in the case of--
        ``(1) a warrant officer on active duty or full-time National 
    Guard duty;
        ``(2) a commissioned officer on full-time National Guard duty; 
    or
        ``(3) a commissioned officer on active duty who satisfies the 
    condition in subsection (a)(3) relating to an agreement to remain on 
    active duty.''.
    SEC. 633. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE PROVISION OF EXCESS LEAVE 
      AND PERMISSIVE TEMPORARY DUTY FOR MEMBERS FROM OUTSIDE THE 
      CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense should ensure that a member of the Armed Forces 
whose home of record is outside the continental United States and who is 
stationed inside the continental United States at the time of the 
separation of the member will be eligible to receive the same amount of 
excess leave or permissive temporary duty under section 1149 of title 
10, United States Code, as a member who is stationed overseas.
    (b) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``continental United States'' means the 48 contiguous States and the 
District of Columbia.

SEC. 634. SPECIAL PAY FOR CERTAIN DISABLED MEMBERS.

    (a) Special Pay for Certain Disabled Members.--A person who has a 
service-connected disability rated as total may be paid special pay 
under this section if the person is entitled to emergency officers', 
regular, or reserve retirement pay based solely on--
        (1) the person's age;
        (2) the length of the person's service in the uniformed 
    services; or
        (3) both the person's age and the length of such service.
    (b) Amount of Special Pay.--The amount of special pay that may be 
paid a person under subsection (a) for any month may not exceed the 
monthly amount of the compensation that is paid such person under laws 
administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (c) Funding.--The cost of the special pay authorized to be paid 
under this section shall be paid out of funds available to the 
Department of Defense for travel of personnel of the Department of 
Defense in positions within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the 
Office of the Secretary of the Army, the Office of the Secretary of the 
Navy, and the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``compensation'' and 
``service-connected'' have the meanings given such terms in section 101 
of title 38, United States Code.
    (e) Effective Date.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this 
section shall take effect on January 1, 1994.
    (2) This section shall not take effect if, before January 1, 1994, 
the Secretary of Defense submits to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives the report required by section 
641 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
(Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2424).
    (f) Applicability.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this 
section shall apply to months that begin on or after the effective date 
of this section.
    (2) This section shall not be effective for months that begin after 
September 30, 1994.
                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS
                    Subtitle A--Health Care Services

SEC. 701. PRIMARY AND PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE SERVICES FOR WOMEN.

    (a) Female Members and Retirees of the Uniformed Services.--(1) 
Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after section 1074c the following new section:

``§1074d. Primary and preventive health care services for women

    ``(a) Services Available.--Female members and former members of the 
uniformed services entitled to medical care under section 1074 or 1074a 
of this title shall also be entitled to primary and preventive health 
care services for women as part of such medical care.
    ``(b) Definition.--In this section, the term `primary and preventive 
health care services for women' means health care services, including 
related counseling services, provided to women with respect to the 
following:
        ``(1) Papanicolaou tests (pap smear).
        ``(2) Breast examinations and mammography.
        ``(3) Comprehensive obstetrical and gynecological care, 
    including care related to pregnancy and the prevention of pregnancy.
        ``(4) Infertility and sexually transmitted diseases, including 
    prevention.
        ``(5) Menopause, including hormone replacement therapy and 
    counseling regarding the benefits and risks of hormone replacement 
    therapy.
        ``(6) Physical or psychological conditions arising out of acts 
    of sexual violence.
        ``(7) Gynecological cancers.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1074c the 
following new item:
``1074d. Primary and preventive health care services for women.''.

    (b) Female Dependents.--Section 1077(a) of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(13) Primary and preventive health care services for women (as 
    defined in section 1074d(b) of this title).''.
    SEC. 702. REVISION OF DEFINITION OF DEPENDENTS FOR PURPOSES OF 
      HEALTH BENEFITS.
    (a) Expansion of Definition.--Section 1072(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (G), by striking out ``; and'' and inserting 
    in lieu thereof a semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (H), by striking out the period and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(I) an unmarried person who--
                ``(i) is placed in the legal custody of the member or 
            former member as a result of an order of a court of 
            competent jurisdiction in the United States (or a Territory 
            or possession of the United States) for a period of at least 
            12 consecutive months;
                ``(ii) either--

                    ``(I) has not attained the age of 21;
                    ``(II) has not attained the age of 23 and is 
                enrolled in a full time course of study at an 
                institution of higher learning approved by the 
                administering Secretary; or
                    ``(III) is incapable of self support because of a 
                mental or physical incapacity that occurred while the 
                person was considered a dependent of the member or 
                former member under this subparagraph pursuant to 
                subclause (I) or (II);

                ``(iii) is dependent on the member or former member for 
            over one-half of the person's support;
                ``(iv) resides with the member or former member unless 
            separated by the necessity of military service or to receive 
            institutional care as a result of disability or 
            incapacitation or under such other circumstances as the 
            administering Secretary may by regulation prescribe; and
                ``(v) is not a dependent of a member or a former member 
            under any other subparagraph.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--Section 1072(2)(I) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect 
to determinations of dependency made on or after July 1, 1994.
    SEC. 703. AUTHORIZATION TO EXPAND ENROLLMENT IN THE DEPENDENTS' 
      DENTAL PROGRAM TO CERTAIN MEMBERS RETURNING FROM OVERSEAS 
      ASSIGNMENTS.
    (a) Authority To Expand Program.--After March 31, 1994, the 
Secretary of Defense may expand the dependents' dental program 
established under section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, to 
permit a member of the uniformed services described in subsection (b) to 
enroll dependents described in subsection (a) of such section in a 
dental benefits plan under the program without regard to the length of 
the uncompleted portion of the member's period of obligated service.
    (b) Covered Members.--A member referred to in subsection (a) is a 
member of the uniformed services who is--
        (1) on active duty for a period of more than 30 days (as defined 
    in section 101(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code); and
        (2) reassigned from a permanent duty station where a dental 
    benefits plan under the dependents' dental program is not available 
    to a permanent duty station where such a plan is available.
    (c) Report on Advisability of Expansion.--Not later than February 
28, 1994, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report evaluating the 
advisability of expanding the enrollment eligibility of members of the 
uniformed services in the dependents' dental program in the manner 
authorized in subsection (a). The report shall include an analysis of 
the cost implications for such an expansion to the Federal Government, 
beneficiaries under the dependents' dental program, and contractors 
under the program.
    (d) Notification of Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary shall 
notify Congress of any decision to expand the enrollment eligibility of 
dependents in the dependents' dental program as provided in subsection 
(a) not later than 30 days before such expansion takes effect.
    SEC. 704. AUTHORIZATION TO APPLY SECTION 1079 PAYMENT RULES FOR THE 
      SPOUSE AND CHILDREN OF A MEMBER WHO DIES WHILE ON ACTIVE DUTY.
    (a) Authority To Use Section 1079 Payment Rules.--In the case of a 
dependent described in subsection (b) of a member of a uniformed service 
who died while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days, the 
administering Secretary may apply the payment provisions set forth in 
section 1079(b) of title 10, United States Code (in lieu of the payment 
provisions set forth in section 1086(b) of such title), with respect to 
health benefits received by the dependent under section 1086 of such 
title in connection with an illness or medical condition for which the 
dependent was receiving treatment under chapter 55 of such title at the 
time of the death of the member.
    (b) Eligible Dependents Described.--A dependent referred to in this 
section is a dependent who--
        (1) is the unremarried widow, unremarried widower, or child of a 
    member of a uniformed service who died on or after January 1, 1993, 
    while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days; and
        (2) was a covered beneficiary under chapter 55 of title 10, 
    United States Code, at the time of the death of the member by reason 
    of being the spouse or child of the member.
    (c) Period of Application of Special Payment Rule.--The special 
payment rule authorized by subsection (a) for a dependent described in 
subsection (b) shall expire upon the earlier of--
        (1) the end of the one-year period beginning on the date of the 
    death of the member; and
        (2) the termination of the illness or condition for which the 
    dependent was receiving treatment under chapter 55 of title 10, 
    United States Code, at the time of the death of the member.
    (d) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``administering Secretary'' means--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Armed Forces 
    under the jurisdiction of the Secretary;
        (2) the Secretary of Transportation, with respect to the Coast 
    Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the 
    Navy; and
        (3) the Secretary of Health and Human Services with respect to 
    the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Public 
    Health Service.
  Subtitle B--Changes to Existing Laws Regarding Health Care Management
    SEC. 711. CODIFICATION OF CHAMPUS PEER REVIEW ORGANIZATION PROGRAM 
      PROCEDURES.
    Section 1079 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(o)(1) Health care services provided pursuant to this section or 
section 1086 of this title (or pursuant to any other contract or project 
under the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services) 
may not include services determined under the CHAMPUS Peer Review 
Organization program to be not medically or psychologically necessary.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense, after consulting with the other 
administering Secretaries, may adopt or adapt for use under the CHAMPUS 
Peer Review Organization program, as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, any of the quality and utilization review requirements and 
procedures that are used by the Peer Review Organization program under 
part B of title XI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320c et 
seq.).''.
    SEC. 712. INCREASED FLEXIBILITY FOR PERSONAL SERVICE CONTRACTS IN 
      MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) Personal Services Contracts Authorized.--(1) Section 1091 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``§1091. Personal services contracts

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into personal 
services contracts to carry out health care responsibilities in medical 
treatment facilities of the Department of Defense, as determined to be 
necessary by the Secretary. The authority provided in this subsection is 
in addition to any other contract authorities of the Secretary, 
including authorities relating to the management of such facilities and 
the administration of this chapter.
    ``(b) Limitation on Amount of Compensation.--In no case may the 
total amount of compensation paid to an individual in any year under a 
personal services contract entered into under subsection (a) exceed the 
amount of annual compensation (excluding the allowances for expenses) 
specified in section 102 of title 3.
    ``(c) Procedures.--(1) The Secretary shall establish by regulation 
procedures for entering into personal services contracts with 
individuals under subsection (a). At a minimum, such procedures shall 
assure--
        ``(A) the provision of adequate notice of contract opportunities 
    to individuals residing in the area of the medical treatment 
    facility involved; and
        ``(B) consideration of interested individuals solely on the 
    basis of the qualifications established for the contract and the 
    proposed contract price.
    ``(2) Upon the establishment of the procedures under paragraph (1), 
the Secretary may exempt contracts covered by this section from the 
competitive contracting requirements specified in section 2304 of this 
title or any other similar requirements of law.
    ``(d) Exceptions.--The procedures and exemptions provided under 
subsection (c) shall not apply to personal services contracts entered 
into under subsection (a) with entities other than individuals or to any 
contract that is not an authorized personal services contract under 
subsection (a).''.
    (2) The item relating to section 1091 in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
to read as follows:
``1091. Personal services contracts.''.

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the end of the 
180-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
first uses the authority provided under section 1091 of title 10, United 
States Code (as amended by subsection (a)(1)), the Secretary shall 
submit to Congress a report specifying--
        (1) the compensation, by medical specialty, provided by the 
    Secretary to individuals agreeing to enter into a personal services 
    contract under such section during that period;
        (2) the extent to which the amounts of such compensation exceed 
    the amounts previously provided by the Secretary for individuals in 
    such medical specialties;
        (3) the total number and medical specialties of individuals 
    serving in military medical treatment facilities during that period 
    pursuant to such a contract; and
        (4) the number of such individuals (and their medical 
    specialties) who are receiving compensation under such a contract in 
    an amount in excess of the maximum amount authorized under such 
    section, as such section was in effect on the day before the date of 
    the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 713. EXPANSION OF THE PROGRAM FOR THE COLLECTION OF HEALTH CARE 
      COSTS FROM THIRD-PARTY PAYERS.
    (a) Collection Changes.--Subsection (g) of section 1095 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting after ``collected under this section from a 
    third party payer'' the following: ``or under any other provision of 
    law from any other payer''; and
        (2) by inserting before the period the following: ``and shall 
    not be taken into consideration in establishing the operating budget 
    of the facility''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting after ``includes'' the 
    following: ``a preferred provider organization and''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The term `health care services' includes products provided 
    or purchased through a facility of the uniformed services.''.
    (c) Report on Collections.--Subsection (g) of such section (as 
amended by subsection (a)) is further amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Not later than February 15 of each year, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report specifying for each facility 
of the uniformed services the amount credited to the facility under this 
subsection during the preceding fiscal year.''.
    SEC. 714. ALTERNATIVE RESOURCE ALLOCATION METHOD FOR MEDICAL 
      FACILITIES OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    (a) Inclusion of Capitation Method.--Section 1101 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking out ``DRGs'' in the subsection heading and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``Capitation or DRG Method''; and
            (B) by inserting ``capitation or'' before ``diagnosis-
        related groups'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking out ``Diagnosis-related 
    groups'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Capitation or diagnosis-
    related groups''; and
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking out ``shall'' both places it appears and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``may''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) An appropriate method for calculating or estimating the 
    annual per capita costs of providing comprehensive health care 
    services to members of the uniformed services on active duty and 
    covered beneficiaries.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of such section is amended 
to read as follows:
``§1101. Resource allocation methods: capitation or diagnosis-
     related groups''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 55 of such title is amended to read as follows:
``1101. Resource allocation methods: capitation or diagnosis-related 
          groups.''.

    SEC. 715. FEDERAL PREEMPTION REGARDING CONTRACTS FOR MEDICAL AND 
      DENTAL CARE.
    (a) Preemption.--Section 1103 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``§1103. Contracts for medical and dental care: State and local 
     preemption
    ``(a) Occurrence of Preemption.--A law or regulation of a State or 
local government relating to health insurance, prepaid health plans, or 
other health care delivery or financing methods shall not apply to any 
contract entered into pursuant to this chapter by the Secretary of 
Defense or the administering Secretaries to the extent that the 
Secretary of Defense or the administering Secretaries determine that--
        ``(1) the State or local law or regulation is inconsistent with 
    a specific provision of the contract or a regulation promulgated by 
    the Secretary of Defense or the administering Secretaries pursuant 
    to this chapter; or
        ``(2) the preemption of the State or local law or regulation is 
    necessary to implement or administer the provisions of the contract 
    or to achieve any other important Federal interest.
    ``(b) Effect of Preemption.--In the case of the preemption under 
subsection (a) of a State or local law or regulation regarding financial 
solvency, the Secretary of Defense or the administering Secretaries 
shall require an independent audit of the prime contractor of each 
contract that is entered into pursuant to this chapter and covered by 
the preemption. The audit shall be performed by the Defense Contract 
Audit Agency.
    ``(c) State Defined.--In this section, the term `State' includes the 
District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands, and each Territory and possession of 
the United States.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--Section 1103 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to 
any contract entered into under chapter 55 of such title before, on, or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 716. SPECIALIZED TREATMENT FACILITY PROGRAM AUTHORITY AND 
      ISSUANCE OF NONAVAILABILITY OF HEALTH CARE STATEMENTS.
    (a) Authority.--(1) Section 1105 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``§1105. Specialized treatment facility program

    ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may conduct a 
specialized treatment facility program pursuant to regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. The Secretary shall consult with 
the other administering Secretaries in prescribing regulations for the 
program and in conducting the program.
    ``(b) Facilities Authorized To Be Used.--Under the specialized 
treatment facility program, the Secretary may designate health care 
facilities of the uniformed services and civilian health care facilities 
as specialized treatment facilities.
    ``(c) Waiver of Nonemergency Health Care Restriction.--Under the 
specialized treatment facility program, the Secretary may waive, with 
regard to the provision of a particular service, the 40-mile radius 
restriction set forth in section 1079(a)(7) of this title if the 
Secretary determines that the use of a different geographical area 
restriction will result in a more cost-effective provision of the 
service.
    ``(d) Civilian Facility Service Area.--For purposes of the 
specialized treatment facility program, the service area of a civilian 
health care facility designated pursuant to subsection (b) shall be 
comparable in size to the service areas of facilities of the uniformed 
services.
    ``(e) Issuance of Nonavailability of Health Care Statements.--A 
covered beneficiary who resides within the service area of a specialized 
treatment facility designated under the specialized treatment facility 
program may be required to obtain a nonavailability of health care 
statement in the case of a specialized service offered by the facility 
in order for the covered beneficiary to receive the service outside of 
the program.
    ``(f) Payment of Costs Related to Care in Specialized Treatment 
Facilities.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), in connection with the 
treatment of a covered beneficiary under the specialized treatment 
facility program, the Secretary may provide the following benefits:
        ``(A) Full or partial reimbursement of a member of the uniformed 
    services for the reasonable expenses incurred by the member in 
    transporting a covered beneficiary to or from a health care facility 
    of the uniformed services or a civilian health care facility at 
    which specialized health care services are provided pursuant to this 
    chapter.
        ``(B) Full or partial reimbursement of a person (including a 
    member of the uniformed services) for the reasonable expenses of 
    transportation, temporary lodging, and meals (not to exceed a per 
    diem rate determined in accordance with implementing regulations) 
    incurred by such person in accompanying a covered beneficiary as a 
    nonmedical attendant to a health care facility referred to in 
    subparagraph (A).
        ``(C) In-kind transportation, lodging, or meals instead of 
    reimbursements under subparagraph (A) or (B) for transportation, 
    lodging, or meals, respectively.
    ``(2) The Secretary may make reimbursements for or provide 
transportation, lodging, and meals under paragraph (1) in the case of a 
covered beneficiary only if the total cost to the Department of Defense 
of doing so and of providing the health care in such case is less than 
the cost to the Department of providing the health care to the covered 
beneficiary by other means authorized under this chapter.
    ``(g) Covered Beneficiary Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered beneficiary' means a person covered under section 1079 or 1086 
of this title.
    ``(h) Expiration of Program.--The Secretary may not carry out the 
specialized treatment facility program authorized by this section after 
September 30, 1995.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 55 of such 
title is amended by striking out the item relating to section 1105 and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following:
``1105. Specialized treatment facility program.''.

    (b) Clarification of Determination To Issue Nonavailability of 
Health Care Statements.--(1) Section 1080 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (A) by inserting ``(a) Election.--'' before ``A dependent''; and
        (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Issuance of Nonavailability of Health Care Statements.--In 
determining whether to issue a nonavailability of health care statement 
for a dependent described in subsection (a), the commanding officer of a 
facility of the uniformed services may consider the availability of 
health care services for the dependent pursuant to any contract or 
agreement entered into under this chapter for the provision of health 
care services.''.
    (2) Section 1086(e) of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``In addition, section 1080(b) of this title 
shall apply in making the determination whether to issue a 
nonavailability of health care statement for a person covered by this 
section.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1079(a)(7) of title 10, United  
States  Code,  is  amended  by  striking  out  ``except that--'' and all 
that follows through the semicolon at the end of subparagraph (B) and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``except that those services 
may be provided in any case in which another insurance plan or program 
provides primary coverage for those services;''.
    SEC. 717. DELAY OF TERMINATION AUTHORITY REGARDING STATUS OF CERTAIN 
      FACILITIES AS UNIFORMED SERVICES TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) Termination Authority.--Section 1252(e) of the Department of 
Defense Authorization Act, 1984 (42 U.S.C. 248d(e)) is amended by 
striking out ``December 31, 1993'' in the first sentence and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``December 31, 1996''.
    (b) Evaluation of DOD-USTF Participation Agreements.--(1) The 
Comptroller General of the United States and the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office shall jointly prepare a report evaluating 
the participation agreements entered into between Uniformed Services 
Treatment Facilities and the Secretary of Defense under the authority of 
section 718(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1587).
    (2) The report required under this subsection shall include an 
evaluation of the following:
        (A) The cost-effectiveness of the agreements compared to other 
    components of the military health care delivery system, including 
    the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services.
        (B) The impact of the agreements, during the four-year term of 
    the agreements, on the budget and expenditures of the Department of 
    Defense for health care programs.
        (C) The cost and other implications of terminating the 
    agreements before their expiration.
        (D) The health care services available through the Uniformed 
    Services Treatment Facilities under the agreements compared to the 
    health care services available through other components of the 
    military health care delivery system.
        (E) The beneficiary cost-sharing requirements of the Uniformed 
    Services Treatment Facilities under the agreements compared to the 
    beneficiary cost-sharing requirements of other components of the 
    military health care delivery system.
    (3) The report required under this subsection shall be submitted to 
Congress not later than six months after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    (4) For purposes of this subsection:
        (A) The term ``Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities'' means 
    those facilities described in section 911(a) of the Military 
    Construction Authorization Act, 1982 (42 U.S.C. 248c(a)).
        (B) The term ``Civilian Health and Medical Program of the 
    Uniformed Services'' has the meaning given that term in section 
    1072(4) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 718. MANAGED-CARE DELIVERY AND REIMBURSEMENT MODEL FOR THE 
      UNIFORMED SERVICES TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) Time for Operation of Managed-Care Delivery and Reimbursement 
Model.--Subsection (c) of section 718 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 
1587) is amended--
        (1) by striking out the first sentence; and
        (2) by inserting before the second sentence the following:
        ``(1) Time for operation.--Not later than the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall begin 
    operation of a managed-care delivery and reimbursement model that 
    will continue to utilize the Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities 
    in the military health services system.''.
    (b) Copayments, Evaluation, and Definition.--Such subsection is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(2) Copayments.--A Uniformed Services Treatment Facility for 
    which there exists a managed-care plan developed as part of the 
    model required by this subsection may impose reasonable charges for 
    inpatient and outpatient care provided to all categories of 
    beneficiaries enrolled in the plan. The schedule and application of 
    such charges shall be in accordance with the terms and conditions 
    specified in the plan.
        ``(3) Evaluation of performance under the model.--(A) The 
    Secretary of Defense shall utilize a federally funded research and 
    development center to conduct an independent evaluation of the 
    performance of each Uniformed Services Treatment Facility operating 
    under a managed-care plan developed as part of the model required by 
    this subsection. The evaluation shall include an assessment of the 
    efficiency of the Uniformed Services Treatment Facility in providing 
    health care under the plan. The assessment shall be made in the same 
    manner as provided in section 712(a) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (10 U.S.C. 1073 note) for 
    expansion of the CHAMPUS reform initiative.
        ``(B) Not later than December 31, 1995, the center conducting 
    the evaluation and assessment shall submit to the Secretary of 
    Defense and to Congress a report on the results of the evaluation 
    and assessment. The report shall include such recommendations 
    regarding the managed-care delivery and reimbursement model under 
    this subsection as the entity considers to be appropriate.
        ``(4) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, the term 
    `Uniformed Services Treatment Facility' means a facility described 
    in section 911(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 
    1982 (42 U.S.C. 248c(a)).''.
    SEC. 719. FLEXIBLE DEADLINE FOR CONTINUATION OF CHAMPUS REFORM 
      INITIATIVE IN HAWAII AND CALIFORNIA.
    Section 713(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended by 
striking out ``not later than August 1, 1993.'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``as soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994.''.
    SEC. 720. CLARIFICATION OF CONDITIONS ON EXPANSION OF CHAMPUS REFORM 
      INITIATIVE TO OTHER LOCATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 712 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``Condition.--'';
        (2) in the second sentence, by inserting after ``cost-
    effectiveness of the initiative'' the following: ``(while assuring 
    that the combined cost of care in military treatment facilities and 
    under the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed 
    Services will not be increased as a result of the expansion)''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) To the extent any revision of the CHAMPUS reform initiative is 
necessary in order to make the certification required by this 
subsection, the Secretary shall assure that enrolled covered 
beneficiaries may obtain health care services with reduced out-of-pocket 
costs, as compared to standard CHAMPUS.''.
    (b) Definition.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The terms `Civilian Health and Medical Program of the 
    Uniformed Services' and `CHAMPUS' have the meaning given the term 
    `Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services' in 
    section 1072(4) of title 10, United States Code.''.
    SEC. 721. REPORT REGARDING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS FOR THE SALE OF 
      PHARMACEUTICALS.
    Section 702 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1079 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(f) Additional Report Regarding Programs.--Not later than January 
1, 1994, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
containing--
        ``(1) an evaluation of the feasibility and advisability of 
    increasing the size of those areas determined by the Secretary under 
    subsection (c)(2) to be adversely affected by the closure of a 
    health care facility of the uniformed services in order to increase 
    the number of persons described in such subsection who will be 
    eligible to participate in the demonstration project for 
    pharmaceuticals by mail or in the retail pharmacy network under this 
    section;
        ``(2) an evaluation of the feasibility and advisability of 
    expanding the demonstration project and the retail pharmacy network 
    under this section to include all covered beneficiaries under 
    chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, including those persons 
    currently excluded from participation in the Civilian Health and 
    Medical Program of the Uniformed Services by operation of section 
    1086(d)(1) of such title;
        ``(3) an estimation of the costs that would be incurred, and any 
    savings that would be achieved by improving efficiencies of 
    operation, as a result of undertaking the increase or expansion 
    described in paragraph (1) or (2); and
        ``(4) such recommendations as the Secretary considers to be 
    appropriate.''.
                        Subtitle C--Other Matters
    SEC. 731. USE OF HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION MODEL AS OPTION FOR 
      MILITARY HEALTH CARE.
    (a) Use of Model.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe and 
implement a health benefit option (and accompanying cost-sharing 
requirements) for covered beneficiaries eligible for health care under 
chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, that is modelled on health 
maintenance organization plans offered in the private sector and other 
similar Government health insurance programs. The Secretary shall 
include, to the maximum extent practicable, the health benefit option 
required under this subsection as one of the options available to 
covered beneficiaries in all managed health care initiatives undertaken 
by the Secretary after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Elements of Option.--The Secretary shall offer covered 
beneficiaries who enroll in the health benefit option required under 
subsection (a) reduced out-of-pocket costs and a benefit structure that 
is as uniform as possible throughout the United States. The Secretary 
shall allow enrollees to seek health care outside of the option, except 
that the Secretary may prescribe higher out-of-pocket costs than are 
provided under section 1079 or 1086 of title 10, United States Code, for 
enrollees who obtain health care outside of the option.
    (c) Government Costs.--The health benefit option required under 
subsection (a) shall be administered so that the costs incurred by the 
Secretary under each managed health care initiative that includes the 
option are no greater than the costs that would otherwise be incurred to 
provide health care to the covered beneficiaries who enroll in the 
option.
    (d) Covered Beneficiary Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``covered beneficiary'' means a beneficiary under chapter 55 of 
title 10, United States Code, other than a beneficiary under section 
1074(a) of such title.
    (e) Regulations.--Not later than February 1, 1994, the Secretary 
shall prescribe final regulations to implement the health benefit option 
required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 732. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR GRADUATE STUDENT PROGRAM OF 
      THE UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES.
    (a) Distinction Between Medical and Graduate Students.--Section 2114 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking out ``Students'' in the first 
    sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``Medical students'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking out ``Students'' both places 
    it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``Medical students'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking out ``member of the program'' in the first 
        sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``medical student''; and
            (B) by striking out ``any such member'' in the second 
        sentence both places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``any such student''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) The Secretary of Defense shall establish such selection 
procedures, service obligations, and other requirements as the Secretary 
considers appropriate for graduate students (other than medical 
students) in a postdoctoral, postgraduate, or technological institute 
established pursuant to section 2113(h) of this title.''.
    (b) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by subsection 
(a) shall apply with respect to students attending the Uniformed 
Services University of the Health Sciences on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 733. AUTHORITY FOR THE ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE OF PATHOLOGY TO 
      OBTAIN ADDITIONAL DISTINGUISHED PATHOLOGISTS AND SCIENTISTS.
    Section 176(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new sentence: ``The Secretary of Defense, on a 
case-by-case basis, may waive the limitation on the number of 
distinguished pathologists or scientists with whom agreements may be 
entered into under this subsection if the Secretary determines that such 
waiver is in the best interest of the Department of Defense.''.
    SEC. 734. AUTHORIZATION FOR AUTOMATED MEDICAL RECORD CAPABILITY TO 
      BE INCLUDED IN MEDICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM.
    (a) Automated Medical Record Capability.--In carrying out the 
acquisition of the Department of Defense medical information system 
referred to in section 704 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 100 Stat. 3900), the Secretary of 
Defense may permit an automated medical record capability to be included 
in the system. The Secretary may make such modifications to existing 
contracts, and include such specifications in future contracts, as the 
Secretary considers necessary to include such a capability in the 
system.
    (b) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan to test the 
use of automated medical records at one or more military medical 
treatment facilities. Not later than January 15, 1994, the Secretary 
shall submit the plan to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives.
    (c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``medical information system'' means a computer-
    based information system that--
            (A) receives data normally recorded concerning patients;
            (B) creates and maintains from such data a computerized 
        medical record for each patient; and
            (C) provides access to data for patient care, hospital 
        administration, research, and medical care resource planning.
        (2) The term ``automated medical record'' means a computer-based 
    information system that--
            (A) is available at the time and place of interaction 
        between a patient and a health care provider;
            (B) receives, stores, and provides access to relevant 
        patient and other medical information in a single, logical 
        patient record that is appropriately organized for clinical 
        decisionmaking; and
            (C) maintains patient confidentiality in conformance with 
        all applicable laws and regulations.
    SEC. 735. REPORT ON THE PROVISION OF PRIMARY AND PREVENTIVE HEALTH 
      CARE SERVICES FOR WOMEN.
    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare a 
report evaluating the provision of primary and preventive health care 
services through military medical treatment facilities and the Civilian 
Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services to female members 
of the uniformed services and female covered beneficiaries eligible for 
health care under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall contain 
the following:
        (1) A description of the number and types of health care 
    providers who are providing health care services in military medical 
    treatment facilities or through the Civilian Health and Medical 
    Program of the Uniformed Services to female members and female 
    covered beneficiaries.
        (2) A description of the health care programs implemented (or 
    planned) by the administering Secretaries to assess the health needs 
    of women or to meet the special health needs of women.
        (3) A description of the demographics of the population of 
    female members and female covered beneficiaries and the leading 
    categories of morbidity and mortality among such members and 
    beneficiaries.
        (4) A description of any actions, including the use of special 
    pays and incentives, undertaken by the Secretary during fiscal year 
    1993--
            (A) to ensure the retention of health care providers who are 
        providing health care services to female members and female 
        covered beneficiaries;
            (B) to recruit additional health care providers to provide 
        such health care services; and
            (C) to replace departing health care providers who provided 
        such health care services.
        (5) A description of any existing or proposed programs to 
    encourage specialization of health care providers in fields related 
    to primary and preventive health care services for women.
        (6) An assessment of any difficulties experienced by military 
    medical treatment facilities or health care providers under the 
    Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services in 
    furnishing primary and preventive health care services for women and 
    a description of the actions taken by the Secretary to resolve such 
    difficulties.
        (7) A description of the actions taken by the Secretary to 
    foster and encourage the expansion of research relating to health 
    care issues of concern to female members of the uniformed services 
    and female covered beneficiaries.
    (c) Study of the Needs of Female Members and Female Covered 
Beneficiaries for Health Care Services.--(1) As part of the report 
required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall conduct a study to 
determine the needs of female members of the uniformed services and 
female covered beneficiaries for health care services, including primary 
and preventive health care services for women.
    (2) The study shall examine the health care needs of current female 
members and female covered beneficiaries and anticipated future female 
members and female covered beneficiaries, taking into consideration the 
anticipated size and composition of the Armed Forces in the year 2000 
and the demographics of the entire United States.
    (d) Submission and Revision.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress 
the report required by subsection (a) not later than October 1, 1994. 
The Secretary shall revise and resubmit the report to Congress not later 
than October 1, 1999.
    (e) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``primary and preventive health care services for 
    women'' has the meaning given that term in section 1074d(b) of title 
    10, United States Code, as added by section 701(a)).
        (2) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1072(5) of such title.
    SEC. 736. INDEPENDENT STUDY OF CONDUCT OF MEDICAL STUDY BY ARCTIC 
      AEROMEDICAL LABORATORY, LADD AIR FORCE BASE, ALASKA.
    (a) Requirement for Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide, 
in accordance with this section, for an independent study of the conduct 
of a series of medical studies performed during or prior to 1957 by the 
Air Force Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory, Ladd Air Force Base, Alaska. 
The series of medical studies referred to in the preceding sentence was 
designed to study thyroid activity in men exposed to cold and involved 
the administration of a radioactive isotope (Iodine 131) to certain 
Alaska Natives.
    (b) Conduct of Required Study.--The independent study required by 
subsection (a) shall be conducted by the Institute of Medicine of the 
National Academy of Sciences or a similar organization. The study shall, 
at a minimum, include the consideration of the following matters:
        (1) Whether the series of medical studies referred to in 
    subsection (a) was conducted in accordance with generally accepted 
    guidelines for the use of human participants in medical 
    experimentation.
        (2) Whether Iodine 131 dosages in the series of medical studies 
    were administered in accordance with radiation exposure standards 
    generally accepted as of 1957 and with radiation exposure standards 
    generally accepted as of 1993.
        (3) The guidelines that should have been followed in the conduct 
    of the series of medical studies, including guidelines regarding 
    notification of participants about any possible risks.
        (4) Whether subsequent studies of the participants should have 
    been provided for and conducted to determine whether any 
    participants suffered long term ill effects of the administration of 
    Iodine 131 and, in the case of such ill effects, needed medical care 
    for such effects.
    (c) Direct or Indirect DOD Involvement.--The Secretary may provide 
for the conduct of the independent study required by subsection (a) 
either--
        (1) by entering into an agreement with an independent 
    organization referred to in subsection (b) to conduct the study; or
        (2) by transferring to the Secretary of the Interior, the 
    Secretary of Health and Human Services, or the head of another 
    department or agency of the Federal Government the funds necessary 
    to carry out the study in accordance with subsection (b).
    (d) Report.--The Secretary of Defense or the head of the department 
or agency of the Federal Government who provides for carrying out the 
independent study required by subsection (a), as the case may be, shall 
submit to Congress a report on the results of the study, including the 
matters referred to in subsection (b).
    SEC. 737. AVAILABILITY OF REPORT REGARDING THE CHAMPUS CHIROPRACTIC 
      DEMONSTRATION.
    (a) Availability of Report.--Subject to subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall make available to interested persons upon 
request the report prepared by the Secretary evaluating the chiropractic 
demonstration that was conducted under the Civilian Health and Medical 
Program of the Uniformed Services and completed on March 31, 1992. The 
Secretary shall include with the report all data and analyses related to 
the demonstration.
    (b) Charges.--The cost of making the report and related information 
available under subsection (a) shall be borne by the recipients at the 
discretion of the Secretary.
    SEC. 738. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE PROVISION OF ADEQUATE 
      MEDICAL CARE TO COVERED BENEFICIARIES UNDER THE MILITARY MEDICAL 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--In order to provide covered beneficiaries 
under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, especially retired 
military personnel, with greater access to health care in medical 
facilities of the uniformed services, it is the sense of Congress that 
the Secretary of Defense should encourage the increased use in such 
facilities of physicians, dentists, or other health care professionals 
who are members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces and who 
are performing active duty, full-time National Guard duty, or inactive-
duty training, if service in such facilities is consistent with the 
other military training requirements of these members.
    (b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``retired military personnel'' means persons who 
    are eligible for health care in medical facilities of the uniformed 
    services under section 1074(b) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The terms ``active duty'', ``full-time National Guard 
    duty'', and ``inactive-duty training'' have the meanings given such 
    terms in section 101(d) of such title.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS
  Subtitle A--Defense Technology and Industrial Base, Reinvestment and 
                               Conversion
    SEC. 801. INDUSTRIAL PREPAREDNESS MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.
    (a) Program Authorized.--(1) Subchapter IV of chapter 148 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new section:

``§2525. Industrial Preparedness Manufacturing Technology Program

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall establish an Industrial 
Preparedness Manufacturing Technology program to enhance the capability 
of industry to meet the manufacturing needs of the Department of 
Defense.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter IV of such 
chapter is amended by adding at the end the following:
``2525. Industrial Preparedness Manufacturing Technology Program.''.

    (b) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
section 201(d), $112,500,000 shall be available for the Industrial 
Preparedness Manufacturing Technology Program under section 2525 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).

SEC. 802. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INITIATIVE SUPPORT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, through the Director 
of Defense Research and Engineering, shall establish a University 
Research Initiative Support Program.
    (b) Purpose.--Under the program, the Director shall award grants and 
contracts to eligible institutions of higher education to support the 
conduct of research and development relevant to requirements of the 
Department of Defense.
    (c) Eligibility.--An institution of higher education is eligible for 
a grant or contract under the program if the institution has received 
less than a total of $2,000,000 in grants and contracts from the 
Department of Defense in the two fiscal years before the fiscal year in 
which the institution submits a proposal for such grant or contract.
    (d) Competition Required.--The Director shall use competitive 
procedures in awarding grants and contracts under the program.
    (e) Selection Process.--In awarding grants and contracts under the 
program, the Director shall use a merit-based selection process that is 
consistent with the provisions of section 2361(a) of title 10, United 
States Code. Such selection process shall require that each person 
selected to participate in such a merit-based selection process be a 
member of the faculty or staff of an institution of higher education 
that is a member of the National Association of State Universities and 
Land Grant Colleges or the American Association of State Colleges and 
Universities.
    (f) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director shall prescribe regulations for 
carrying out the program.
    (g) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
section 201, $20,000,000 shall be available for the University Research 
Initiative Support Program.
    SEC. 803. OPERATING COMMITTEE OF THE CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES 
      INSTITUTE.
    Section 822(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1991 (42 U.S.C. 6686(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Operating Committee.--(1) The Institute shall have an 
Operating Committee composed of six members as follows:
        ``(A) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
    Policy, who shall chair the committee.
        ``(B) The Director of the National Institutes of Health.
        ``(C) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology.
        ``(D) The Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency.
        ``(E) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
        ``(F) The Under Secretary of Energy having responsibility for 
    science and technology matters.
    ``(2) The Operating Committee shall meet not less than four times 
each year.''.
               Subtitle B--Acquisition Assistance Programs
    SEC. 811. CONTRACT GOAL FOR DISADVANTAGED SMALL BUSINESSES AND 
      CERTAIN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
    (a) Scope of Reference to Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities.--Subparagraph (B) of section 2323(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
        ``(B) historically Black colleges and universities, including 
    any nonprofit research institution that was an integral part of such 
    a college or university before November 14, 1986;''.
    (b) Definition of Minority Institution.--Subparagraph (C) of section 
2323(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
        ``(C) minority institutions (as defined in section 1046(3) of 
    the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1135d-5(3)), which, for 
    the purposes of this section, shall include Hispanic-serving 
    institutions (as defined in section 316(b)(1) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
    1059c(b)(1)).''.
    (c) Award Eligibility.--Section 2323(f)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations that 
prohibit awarding a contract under this section to an entity described 
in subsection (a)(1) unless the entity agrees to comply with the 
requirements of section 15(o)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
644(o)(1)).''.
    (d) Implementing Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
propose amendments to the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation that address the matters described in 
subsection (g) and subsection (h)(2) of section 2323 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    (2) Not later than 15 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall publish such proposed amendments in accordance 
with section 22 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 
U.S.C. 418b). The Secretary shall provide a period of at least 60 days 
for public comment on the proposed amendments.
    (3) The Secretary shall publish the final regulations not later than 
120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Information on Progress in Providing Infrastructure Assistance 
Required in Annual Report.--Section 2323(i)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(D) A detailed description of the infrastructure assistance 
    provided under subsection (c) during the preceding fiscal year and 
    of the plans for providing such assistance during the fiscal year in 
    which the report is submitted.''.
    (f) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 1994 pursuant to title II of this Act, $15,000,000 shall be 
available for such fiscal year for infrastructure assistance to 
historically Black colleges and universities and minority institutions 
under section 2323(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 812. PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Procurement Technical Assistance Program Funding.--Of the amount 
authorized to be appropriated in section 301(5), $12,000,000 shall be 
available for carrying out the provisions of chapter 142 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    (b) Specific Programs.--Of the amount made available pursuant to 
subsection (a), $600,000 shall be available for fiscal year 1994 for the 
purpose of carrying out programs sponsored by eligible entities referred 
to in subparagraph (D) of section 2411(1) of title 10, United States 
Code, that provide procurement technical assistance in distressed areas 
referred to in subparagraph (B) of section 2411(2) of such title. If 
there is an insufficient number of satisfactory proposals for 
cooperative agreements in such distressed areas to allow for effective 
use of the funds made available in accordance with this subsection in 
such areas, the funds shall be allocated among the Defense Contract 
Administration Services regions in accordance with section 2415 of such 
title.
    SEC. 813. PILOT MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM FUNDING AND IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 1994 pursuant to title I of this Act, $50,000,000 shall be 
available for conducting the pilot Mentor-Protege Program established 
pursuant to section 831 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2301 note).
    (b) Regulations.--(1) The fifth sentence of section 831(k) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2301 
note) is amended to read as follows: ``The Department of Defense policy 
regarding the pilot Mentor-Protege Program shall be published and 
maintained as an appendix to the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation.''.
    (2) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, within 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Department of Defense policy 
regarding the pilot Mentor-Protege Program, as in effect on September 
30, 1993, is incorporated into the Department of Defense Supplement to 
the Federal Acquisition Regulation as an appendix. Revisions to such 
policy (or any successor policy) shall be published and maintained in 
such supplement as an appendix.
    (c) Extension of Program Admissions.--Section 831(j)(1) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2301 
note) is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1994'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``September 30, 1995''.
    Subtitle C--Provisions to Revise and Consolidate Certain Defense 
                            Acquisition Laws
    SEC. 821. REPEAL AND AMENDMENT OF OBSOLETE, REDUNDANT, OR OTHERWISE 
      UNNECESSARY LAWS APPLICABLE TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERALLY.
    (a) Repeals.--The following provisions of law are repealed:
        (1) Chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code (relating to 
    encouragement of aviation).
        (2) Section 2317 of title 10, United States Code (relating to 
    encouragement of competition and cost savings).
        (3) Section 2362 of title 10, United States Code (relating to 
    testing requirements for wheeled or tracked vehicles).
        (4) Section 2389 of title 10, United States Code (relating to 
    purchases from the Commodity Credit Corporation and price 
    adjustments for contracts for procurement of milk).
        (5) Sections 2436 and 2437 of title 10, United States Code 
    (relating to defense enterprise programs).
        (6) Section 821 of Public Law 101-189 (103 Stat. 1503) (relating 
    to certificate of independent price determination in certain 
    Department of Defense contract solicitations).
    (b) Deletion of Expiring Report Requirement.--Effective February 1, 
1994, section 2361 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out subsection (c).
    SEC. 822. EXTENSION TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERALLY OF CERTAIN 
      ACQUISITION LAWS APPLICABLE TO THE ARMY AND AIR FORCE.
    (a) Industrial Mobilization.--(1) Subchapter V of chapter 148 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sections:
``§2538. Industrial mobilization: orders; priorities; possession of 
     manufacturing plants; violations
    ``(a) Ordering Authority.--In time of war or when war is imminent, 
the President, through the Secretary of Defense, may order from any 
person or organized manufacturing industry necessary products or 
materials of the type usually produced or capable of being produced by 
that person or industry.
    ``(b) Compliance With Order Required.--A person or industry with 
whom an order is placed under subsection (a), or the responsible head 
thereof, shall comply with that order and give it precedence over all 
orders not placed under that subsection.
    ``(c) Seizure of Manufacturing Plants Upon Noncompliance.--In time 
of war or when war is imminent, the President, through the Secretary of 
Defense, may take immediate possession of any plant that is equipped to 
manufacture, or that in the opinion of the Secretary of Defense is 
capable of being readily transformed into a plant for manufacturing, 
arms or ammunition, parts thereof, or necessary supplies for the armed 
forces if the person or industry owning or operating the plant, or the 
responsible head thereof, refuses--
        ``(1) to give precedence to the order as prescribed in 
    subsection (b);
        ``(2) to manufacture the kind, quantity, or quality of arms or 
    ammunition, parts thereof, or necessary supplies, as ordered by the 
    Secretary; or
        ``(3) to furnish them at a reasonable price as determined by the 
    Secretary.
    ``(d) Use of Seized Plant.--The President, through the Secretary of 
Defense, may manufacture products that are needed in time of war or when 
war is imminent, in any plant that is seized under subsection (c).
    ``(e) Compensation Required.--Each person or industry from whom 
products or materials are ordered under subsection (a) is entitled to 
fair and just compensation. Each person or industry whose plant is 
seized under subsection (c) is entitled to a fair and just rental.
    ``(f) Criminal Penalty.--Whoever fails to comply with this section 
shall be imprisoned for not more than three years and fined under title 
18.

``§2539. Industrial mobilization: plants; lists

    ``(a) List of Plants Equipped to Manufacture Arms or Ammunition.--
The Secretary of Defense may maintain a list of all privately owned 
plants in the United States, and the territories, Commonwealths, and 
possessions of the United States, that are equipped to manufacture for 
the armed forces arms or ammunition, or parts thereof, and may obtain 
complete information of the kinds of those products manufactured or 
capable of being manufactured by each of those plants, and of the 
equipment and capacity of each of those plants.
    ``(b) List of Plants Convertible Into Ammunition Factories.--The 
Secretary of Defense may maintain a list of privately owned plants in 
the United States, and the territories, Commonwealths, and possessions 
of the United States, that are capable of being readily transformed into 
factories for the manufacture of ammunition for the armed forces and 
that have a capacity sufficient to warrant conversion into ammunition 
plants in time of war or when war is imminent, and may obtain complete 
information as to the equipment of each of those plants.
    ``(c) Conversion Plans.--The Secretary of Defense may prepare 
comprehensive plans for converting each plant listed pursuant to 
subsection (b) into a factory for the manufacture of ammunition or parts 
thereof.
``§2540. Industrial mobilization: Board on Mobilization of 
     Industries Essential for Military Preparedness
    ``The President may appoint a nonpartisan Board on Mobilization of 
Industries Essential for Military Preparedness, and may provide 
necessary clerical assistance, to organize and coordinate operations 
under sections 2538 and 2539 of this title.''.
    (2) Sections 4501, 4502, 9501, and 9502 of title 10, United States 
Code, are repealed.
    (b) Availability of Samples, Drawings, Information, Equipment, 
Materials, and Certain Services.--(1) Subchapter V of chapter 148 of 
title 10, United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following:
``§2541. Availability of samples, drawings, information, equipment, 
     materials, and certain services
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the secretaries of 
the military departments, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
of Defense and when determined by the Secretary of Defense or the 
Secretary concerned to be in the interest of national defense, may 
each--
        ``(1) sell, lend, or give samples, drawings, and manufacturing 
    or other information (subject to the rights of third parties) to any 
    person or entity;
        ``(2) sell or lend government equipment or materials to any 
    person or entity--
            ``(A) for use in independent research and development 
        programs, subject to the condition that the equipment or 
        material be used exclusively for such research and development; 
        or
            ``(B) for use in demonstrations to a friendly foreign 
        government; and
        ``(3) make available to any person or entity, at an appropriate 
    fee, the services of any government laboratory, center, range, or 
    other testing facility for the testing of materials, equipment, 
    models, computer software, and other items.
    ``(b) Confidentiality of Test Results.--The results of tests 
performed with services made available under subsection (a)(3) are 
confidential and may not be disclosed outside the Federal Government 
without the consent of the persons for whom the tests are performed.
    ``(c) Fees.--Fees for services made available under subsection 
(a)(3) shall be established in the regulations prescribed pursuant to 
subsection (a). Such fees may not exceed the amount necessary to recoup 
the direct costs involved, such as direct costs of utilities, contractor 
support, and salaries of personnel that are incurred by the United 
States to provide for the testing.
    ``(d) Use of Fees.--Fees received for services made available under 
subsection (a)(3) may be credited to the appropriations or other funds 
of the activity making such services available.''.
    (2) Section 2314 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or sale'' after ``procurement''.
    (3) Sections 4506, 4507, 4508, 9506, and 9507 of title 10, United 
States Code, are repealed.
    (c) Procurement for Experimental Purposes.--(1) Chapter 139 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new section:

``§2373. Procurement for experimental purposes

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of 
the military departments may each buy ordnance, signal, and chemical 
activity supplies, including parts and accessories, and designs thereof, 
that the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary concerned considers 
necessary for experimental or test purposes in the development of the 
best supplies that are needed for the national defense.
    ``(b) Procedures.--Purchases under this section may be made inside 
or outside the United States and by contract or otherwise. Chapter 137 
of this title applies when such purchases are made in quantity.''.
    (2) Sections 4504 and 9504 of title 10, United States Code, are 
repealed.
    (d) Acceptance of Gratuitous Services of Certain Reserve Officers.--
(1) Chapter 11 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after section 278 the following new section:
``§279. Authority to accept certain gratuitous services of officers
    ``Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, the Secretary of a 
military department may accept the gratuitous services of an officer of 
a reserve component under the Secretary's jurisdiction (other than an 
officer of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air 
National Guard of the United States)--
        ``(1) in the furtherance of the enrollment, organization, and 
    training of that officer's reserve component or the Reserve 
    Officers' Training Corps; or
        ``(2) in consultation upon matters relating to the armed 
    forces.''.
    (2) Sections 4541 and 9541 of title 10, United States Code, are 
repealed.
    SEC. 823. REPEAL OF CERTAIN ACQUISITION LAWS APPLICABLE TO THE ARMY 
      AND AIR FORCE.
    The following provisions of subtitles B and D of title 10, United 
States Code, are repealed:
        (1) Sections 4505 and 9505 (relating to procurement of 
    production equipment).
        (2) Sections 4531 and 9531 (relating to procurement 
    authorization).
        (3) Section 4533 (relating to Army rations).
        (4) Sections 4534 and 9534 (relating to subsistence supplies, 
    contract stipulations, and place of delivery on inspection).
        (5) Sections 4535 and 9535 (relating to purchase of exceptional 
    subsistence supplies without advertising).
        (6) Sections 4537 and 9537 (relating to assistance of United 
    States mapping agencies with military surveys and maps).
        (7) Sections 4538 and 9538 (relating to exchange and reclamation 
    of unserviceable ammunition).
    SEC. 824. CONSOLIDATION, REPEAL, AND AMENDMENT OF CERTAIN 
      ACQUISITION LAWS APPLICABLE TO THE NAVY.
    (a) Repeals.--The following provisions of subtitle C of title 10, 
United States Code, are repealed:
        (1) Section 7201 (relating to research and development, 
    procurement, and construction of guided missiles).
        (2) Section 7210 (relating to purchase of patents, patent 
    applications, and licenses).
        (3) Section 7213 (relating to relief of contractors and their 
    employees from losses by enemy action).
        (4) Section 7230 (relating to sale of degaussing equipment).
        (5) Section 7296 (relating to availability of appropriations for 
    other purposes).
        (6) Section 7298 (relating to conversion of combatants and 
    auxiliaries).
        (7) Section 7301 (relating to estimates required for bids on 
    construction).
        (8) Section 7310 (relating to constructing combatant vessels).
        (9) Chapter 635 (relating to naval aircraft).
        (10) Section 7366 (relating to limitation on appropriations for 
    naval salvage facilities).
    (b) Revision and Streamlining of Certain Provisions Relating to 
Naval Vessels.--Chapter 633 of such title is amended by striking out 
sections 7304, 7305, 7306, 7307, 7308, and 7309 and inserting in lieu 
thereof the following:
``§7304. Examination of vessels; striking of vessels from Naval 
     Vessel Register
    ``(a) Boards of Officers To Examine Naval Vessels.--The Secretary of 
the Navy shall designate boards of naval officers to examine naval 
vessels, including unfinished vessels, for the purpose of making a 
recommendation to the Secretary as to which vessels, if any, should be 
stricken from the Naval Vessel Register. Each vessel shall be examined 
at least once every three years if practicable.
    ``(b) Actions by Board.--A board designated under subsection (a) 
shall submit to the Secretary in writing its recommendations as to which 
vessels, if any, among those it examined should be stricken from the 
Naval Vessel Register.
    ``(c) Action by Secretary.--If the Secretary concurs with a 
recommendation by a board that a vessel should be stricken from the 
Naval Vessel Register, the Secretary shall strike the name of that 
vessel from the Naval Vessel Register.

``§7305. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register: sale

    ``(a) Appraisal of Vessels Stricken From Naval Vessel Register.--The 
Secretary of the Navy shall appraise each vessel stricken from the Naval 
Vessel Register under section 7304 of this title.
    ``(b) Authority To Sell Vessel.--If the Secretary considers that the 
sale of the vessel is in the national interest, the Secretary may sell 
the vessel. Any such sale shall be in accordance with regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary for the purposes of this section.
    ``(c) Procedures for Sale.--(1) A vessel stricken from the Naval 
Vessel Register and not subject to disposal under any other law may be 
sold under this section. In such a case, the Secretary may sell the 
vessel to the highest acceptable bidder, regardless of the appraised 
value of the vessel, after the vessel is publicly advertised for sale 
for a period of not less than 30 days.
    ``(2) If the Secretary determines that the bid prices for a vessel 
received after advertising under paragraph (1) are not acceptable and 
that readvertising will serve no useful purpose, the Secretary may sell 
the vessel by negotiation to the highest acceptable bidder if--
        ``(A) each responsible bidder has been notified of intent to 
    negotiate and has been given a reasonable opportunity to negotiate; 
    and
        ``(B) the negotiated price is--
            ``(i) higher than the highest rejected price of any 
        responsible bidder; or
            ``(ii) reasonable and in the national interest.
    ``(d) Applicability.--This section does not apply to a vessel the 
disposal of which is authorized by the Federal Property and 
Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.), if it is to 
be disposed of under that Act.
``§7306. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register; captured 
      vessels: transfer by gift or otherwise
    ``(a) Authority To Make Transfer.--Subject to subsections (c) and 
(d) of section 602 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services 
Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 474), the Secretary of the Navy may transfer, by 
gift or otherwise, any vessel stricken from the Naval Vessel Register, 
or any captured vessel, to--
        ``(1) any State, Commonwealth, or possession of the United 
    States or any municipal corporation or political subdivision 
    thereof;
        ``(2) the District of Columbia; or
        ``(3) any not-for-profit or nonprofit entity.
    ``(b) Vessel To Be Maintained in Condition Satisfactory to 
Secretary.--An agreement for the transfer of a vessel under subsection 
(a) shall include a requirement that the transferee will maintain the 
vessel in a condition satisfactory to the Secretary.
    ``(c) Transfers To Be at No Cost to United States.--Any transfer of 
a vessel under this section shall be made at no cost to the United 
States.
    ``(d) Notice to Congress.--(1) No transfer under this section takes 
effect unless--
        ``(A) notice of the proposal to make the transfer is sent to 
    Congress; and
        ``(B) 60 days of continuous session of Congress have expired 
    following the date on which such notice is sent to Congress.
    ``(2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), the continuity of a session 
of Congress is broken only by an adjournment of the Congress sine die, 
and the days on which either House is not in session because of an 
adjournment of more than 3 days to a day certain are excluded in the 
computation of such 60-day period.
``§7306a. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register: use for 
      experimental purposes
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may use for experimental 
purposes any vessel stricken from the Naval Vessel Register.
    ``(b) Stripping Vessel.--(1) Before using a vessel for an 
experimental purpose pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
carry out such stripping of the vessel as is practicable.
    ``(2) Amounts received as proceeds from the stripping of a vessel 
pursuant to this subsection shall be credited to appropriations 
available for the procurement of scrapping services needed for such 
stripping. Amounts received which are in excess of amounts needed for 
procuring such services shall be deposited into the general fund of the 
Treasury.

``§7307. Disposals to foreign nations

    ``(a) Larger or Newer Vessels.--A naval vessel that is in excess of 
3,000 tons or that is less than 20 years of age may not be disposed of 
to another nation (whether by sale, lease, grant, loan, barter, 
transfer, or otherwise) unless the disposition of that vessel is 
approved by law enacted after August 5, 1974. A lease or loan of such a 
vessel under such a law may be made only in accordance with the 
provisions of chapter 6 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2796 
et seq.) or chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2311 et seq.).
    ``(b) Other Vessels.--(1) A naval vessel not subject to subsection 
(a) may be disposed of to another nation (whether by sale, lease, grant, 
loan, barter, transfer, or otherwise) in accordance with applicable 
provisions of law, but only after--
        ``(A) the Secretary of the Navy notifies the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives in writing of 
    the proposed disposition; and
        ``(B) 30 days of continuous session of Congress have expired 
    following the date on which such notice is sent to those committees.
    ``(2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), the continuity of a session 
of Congress is broken only by an adjournment of the Congress sine die, 
and the days on which either House is not in session because of an 
adjournment of more than 3 days to a day certain are excluded in the 
computation of such 30-day period.
``§7308. Chief of Naval Operations: certification required for 
     disposal of combatant vessels
    ``Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no combatant vessel of 
the Navy may be sold, transferred, or otherwise disposed of unless the 
Chief of Naval Operations certifies that it is not essential to the 
defense of the United States.
``§7309. Construction of vessels in foreign shipyards: prohibition
    ``(a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), no vessel 
to be constructed for any of the armed forces, and no major component of 
the hull or superstructure of any such vessel, may be constructed in a 
foreign shipyard.
    ``(b) Presidential Waiver for National Security Interest.--(1) The 
President may authorize exceptions to the prohibition in subsection (a) 
when the President determines that it is in the national security 
interest of the United States to do so.
    ``(2) The President shall transmit notice to Congress of any such 
determination, and no contract may be made pursuant to the exception 
authorized until the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date on 
which the notice of the determination is received by Congress.
    ``(c) Exception for Inflatable Boats.--An inflatable boat or a rigid 
inflatable boat, as defined by the Secretary of the Navy, is not a 
vessel for the purpose of the restriction in subsection (a).
``§7310. Overhaul, repair, etc. of vessels in foreign shipyards: 
     restrictions
    ``(a) Vessels With Homeport in United States.--A naval vessel (or 
any other vessel under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy) 
the homeport of which is in the United States may not be overhauled, 
repaired, or maintained in a shipyard outside the United States, other 
than in the case of voyage repairs.
    ``(b) Vessel Changing Homeports.--In the case of a naval vessel the 
homeport of which is not in the United States (or a territory of the 
United States), the Secretary of the Navy may not during the 15-month 
period preceding the planned reassignment of the vessel to a homeport in 
the United States (or a territory of the United States) begin any work 
for the overhaul, repair, or maintenance of the vessel that is scheduled 
to be for a period of more than six months.''.
    SEC. 825. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT FOR FUEL STORAGE AND 
      MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Revision of Authority.--Section 2388 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out subsections (a) and (b) and inserting in 
    lieu thereof the following:
    ``(a) Authority To Contract.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of a military department may each contract for storage 
facilities for, or the storage, handling, or distribution of, liquid 
fuels and natural gas.
    ``(b) Period of Contract.--The period of a contract entered into 
under subsection (a) may not exceed 5 years. However, the contract may 
provide options for the Secretary to renew the contract for additional 
periods of not more than 5 years each, but not for more than a total of 
20 years.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), by inserting ``Option To Purchase 
    Facility.--'' after ``(c)''.
    (b) Section Heading Amendment.--The heading of section 2388 of such 
title is amended to read as follows:
``§2388. Liquid fuels and natural gas: contracts for storage, 
     handling, or distribution''.
    SEC. 826. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY RELATING TO THE ACQUISITION OF 
      PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS.
    (a) Acquisition, Sale, and Exchange of Natural Gas.--Section 2404 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the matter above paragraph (1), by inserting ``or 
        natural gas'' after ``petroleum'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by inserting ``or natural gas market conditions, as 
            the case may be,'' after ``petroleum market conditions''; 
            and
                (ii) by inserting ``or acquisition of natural gas, 
            respectively,'' after ``acquisition of petroleum''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or natural gas, as the 
        case may be,'' after ``petroleum''; and
        (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``or natural gas'' in the 
    second sentence after ``petroleum''.
    (b) Expansion of Exchange Authority.--Subsection (c) of such section 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Exchange Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may acquire 
petroleum, petroleum-related services, natural gas, or natural gas-
related services by exchange of petroleum, petroleum-related services, 
natural gas, or natural gas-related services.''.
    (c) Sale of Petroleum and Natural Gas.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Authority To Sell.--The Secretary of Defense may sell 
petroleum or natural gas of the Department of Defense if the Secretary 
determines that the sale would be in the public interest. The proceeds 
of such a sale shall be credited to appropriations of the Department of 
Defense for the acquisition of petroleum, petroleum-related services, 
natural gas, or natural gas-related services. Amounts so credited shall 
be available for obligation for the same period as the appropriations to 
which the amounts are credited.''.
    (d) Technical and Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Subsection captions.--Section 2404 of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Waiver Authority.--'' 
        after ``(a)'';
            (B) in subsection (b), by inserting ``Scope of Waiver.--'' 
        after ``(b)''; and
            (C) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subsection (c)(1), 
        by inserting ``Petroleum Defined.--'' after ``(e)''.
        (2) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended to 
    read as follows:
``§2404. Acquisition of petroleum and natural gas: authority to 
     waive contract procedures; acquisition by exchange; sales 
     authority''.

SEC. 827. AMENDMENT OF RESEARCH AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authority To Conduct Basic, Advanced, and Applied Research.--
Section 2358 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:

``§2358. Research projects

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a 
military department may engage in basic, advanced, and applied research 
and development projects that--
        ``(1) are necessary to the responsibilities of such Secretary's 
    department in the field of basic, advanced, and applied research and 
    development; and
        ``(2) either--
            ``(A) relate to weapons systems and other military needs; or
            ``(B) are of potential interest to such department.
    ``(b) Authorized Means.--The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary 
of a military department may perform research and development projects--
        ``(1) by contract, cooperative agreement, or other transaction 
    with, or by grant to, educational or research institutions, private 
    businesses, or other agencies of the United States;
        ``(2) by using employees and consultants of the Department of 
    Defense; or
        ``(3) through one or more of the military departments.
    ``(c) Requirement of Potential Military Interest.--Funds 
appropriated to the Department of Defense or to a military department 
may not be used to finance any research project or study unless the 
project or study is, in the opinion of the Secretary of Defense or the 
Secretary of that military department, respectively, of potential 
interest to the Department of Defense or to such military department, 
respectively.''.
    (b) Authority Related to Advanced Research Projects.--
        (1) Repeal of redundant authority.--Section 2371 of such title 
    is amended--
            (A) by striking out subsection (a);
            (B) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), 
        and (g) as subsections (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), and (f), 
        respectively;
            (C) in subsection (a), as redesignated by subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``subsection (a)'' 
            and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 2358 of this 
            title''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``subsection 
            (e)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (d)'';
            (D) in subsection (d), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 
        by striking out ``subsection (a)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``section 2358 of this title''; and
            (E) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in paragraph (4), by striking out ``subsection (b)'' 
            and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (a)''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking out ``subsection 
            (e)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (d)''.
        (2) Consistency of terminology.--Such section, as amended by 
    paragraph (1), is further amended--
            (A) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``and development'' 
        after ``research'' both places it appears;
            (B) in subsections (d) and (e)(3), by striking out 
        ``advanced research'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``research 
        and development''; and
            (C) in subsection (e)(1), by striking out ``advanced 
        research is'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``research and 
        development are''.
    (c) Redundant and Obsolete Authority for the Army and the Air 
Force.--Sections 4503 and 9503 of title 10, United States Code, are 
repealed.
    SEC. 828. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO ACQUISITION 
      LAWS.
    (a) Amendments to Tables of Sections.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of each chapter of title 10, United States Code, listed in the 
following paragraphs is amended by striking out the items relating to 
the sections listed in such paragraphs:
        (1) Chapter 137: section 2317.
        (2) Chapter 139: section 2362.
        (3) Chapter 141: section 2389.
        (4) Chapter 144: sections 2436 and 2437.
        (5) Chapter 433: sections 4531, 4533, 4534, 4535, 4537, 4538, 
    and 4541.
        (6) Chapter 631: sections 7201, 7210, 7213, and 7230.
        (7) Chapter 633: sections 7296, 7298, and 7301.
        (8) Chapter 637: section 7366.
        (9) Chapter 933: sections 9531, 9534, 9535, 9537, 9538, and 
    9541.
    (b) Amendments to Tables of Chapters.--
        (1) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and 
    part IV of subtitle A, of title 10, United States Code, are amended 
    by striking out the item relating to chapter 135.
        (2) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle B, and 
    part IV of subtitle B, of such title are amended by striking out the 
    item relating to chapter 431.
        (3) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle C, and 
    part IV of subtitle C, of such title are amended by striking out the 
    item relating to chapter 635.
    (c) Additional Amendments.--
        (1) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 11 of 
    title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 278 the following new item:
``279. Authority to accept certain gratuitous services of officers.''.

        (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 139 of 
    such title is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2373. Procurement for experimental purposes.''.

        (3) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 141 of 
    such title is amended by striking out the item relating to section 
    2388 and inserting in lieu thereof the following:

``2388. Liquid fuels and natural gas: contracts for storage, handling, 
or distribution.''.

        (4) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 141 of 
    title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out the item 
    relating to section 2404 and inserting in lieu thereof the 
    following:

``2404. Acquisition of petroleum and natural gas: authority to waive 
contract procedures; acquisition by exchange; sales authority.''.

        (5) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter V of 
    chapter 148 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new items:

``2538. Industrial mobilization: orders; priorities; possession of 
manufacturing plants; violations.

``2539. Industrial mobilization: plants; lists.

``2540. Industrial mobilization: Board on Mobilization of Industries 
Essential for Military Preparedness.

``2541. Availability of samples, drawings, information, equipment, 
materials, and certain services.''.

        (6) Chapter 431 of such title is amended by striking out the 
    chapter heading and the table of sections.
        (7) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 633 of 
    such title is amended by striking out the items relating to sections 
    7304, 7305, 7306, 7307, 7308, 7309, and 7310 and inserting in lieu 
    thereof the following:

``7304. Examination of vessels; striking of vessels from Naval Vessel 
Register.

``7305. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register: sale.

``7306. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register; captured vessels: 
transfer by gift or otherwise.

``7306a. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register: use for 
experimental purposes.

``7307. Disposals to foreign nations.

``7308. Chief of Naval Operations: certification required for disposal 
of combatant vessels.

``7309. Construction of vessels in foreign shipyards: prohibition.

``7310. Overhaul, repair, etc. of vessels in foreign shipyards: 
restrictions.''.

        (8)(A) Chapter 931 of such title is amended--
            (i) by striking out the table of sections for subchapter I;
            (ii) by striking out the headings for subchapters I and II;
            (iii) by striking out the table of subchapters; and
            (iv) by amending the chapter heading to read as follows:

                ``CHAPTER 931--CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET''.

        (B) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle D, and 
    part IV of subtitle D, of such title are amended by striking out the 
    item relating to chapter 931 and inserting in lieu thereof the 
    following:

``931. Civil Reserve Air Fleet....................................


                                                                 9511''.

    (d) Cross-Reference Amendments.--(1) Section 505(a)(2)(B)(i) of the 
National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 415(a)(2)(B)(i)) is amended by 
striking out ``section 7307(b)(1)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``section 7307(a)''.
    (2) Section 2366(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``to the defense committees of Congress (as defined in 
section 2362(e)(3) of this title).'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``to 
the Committees on Armed Services and on Appropriations of the Senate and 
House of Representatives.''.
             Subtitle D--Defense Acquisition Pilot Programs

SEC. 831. REFERENCE TO DEFENSE ACQUISITION PILOT PROGRAM.

    A reference in this subtitle to the Defense Acquisition Pilot 
Program is a reference to the defense acquisition pilot program 
authorized by section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2430 note).

SEC. 832. DEFENSE ACQUISITION PILOT PROGRAM AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Repeal of Limitation on Number of Participating Defense 
Acquisition Programs.--Section 809(b)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended 
by striking out ``not more than six''.
    (b) Repeal of Requirement To Designate Participating Programs as 
Defense Enterprise Programs.--Section 809 of such Act is amended by 
striking out subsection (d).
    (c) Publication of Policies and Guidelines for Public Comment.--
Section 809 of such Act is amended by striking out subsection (e) and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following:
    ``(d) Publication of Policies and Guidelines.--The Secretary shall 
publish in the Federal Register a proposed memorandum setting forth 
policies and guidelines for implementation of the pilot program under 
this section and provide an opportunity for public comment on the 
proposed memorandum for a period of 60 days after the date of 
publication. The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register any 
subsequent proposed change to the memorandum and provide an opportunity 
for public comment on each such proposed change for a period of 60 days 
after the date of publication.''.
    (d) Congressional Notification Requirements.--Section 809 of such 
Act is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
    subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(D) of subsection (e), as so redesignated, 
    by striking out ``specific budgetary and personnel savings'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``a discussion of the efficiencies or 
    savings''.

SEC. 833. MISSION ORIENTED PROGRAM MANAGEMENT.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) in the exercise of the authority provided in section 809 of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 
    U.S.C. 2430 note), the Secretary of Defense should propose for one 
    or more of the defense acquisition programs covered by the Defense 
    Acquisition Pilot Program to utilize the concept of mission oriented 
    program management that includes--
            (A) establishing a mission oriented program executive 
        office; and
            (B) designating a lead agency for the mission oriented 
        program executive office;
        (2) the duties of the program executive officer for each of one 
    or more of such programs should include--
            (A) planning, programming, and carrying out research, 
        development, and acquisition activities;
            (B) providing advice regarding the preparation and 
        integration of budgets for research, development, and 
        acquisition activities;
            (C) informing the operational commands of alternative 
        technology solutions to fulfill emerging requirements;
            (D) ensuring that the acquisition plan for the program 
        realistically reflects the budget and related decisions made for 
        that program;
            (E) managing related technical support resources;
            (F) conducting integrated decision team meetings; and
            (G) providing technological advice to users of program 
        products and to the officials within the military departments 
        who prepare plans, programs, and budgets;
        (3) the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation 
    with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, 
    should prescribe policies and procedures for the interaction of the 
    commanders of the unified and specified combatant commands with the 
    mission oriented program executive officers, and such policies and 
    procedures should include provisions for enabling the user commands 
    to perform acceptance testing; and
        (4) the management functions of a program manager should not 
    duplicate the management functions of the mission oriented program 
    executive officer.

SEC. 834. SAVINGS OBJECTIVES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense, on the 
basis of the experience under the Defense Acquisition Pilot Program, 
should seek personnel reductions and other management and administrative 
savings that, by September 30, 1998, will achieve at least a 25-percent 
reduction in defense acquisition management costs below the costs of 
defense acquisition management during fiscal year 1993.

SEC. 835. PROGRAM PHASES AND PHASE FUNDING.

    (a) Acquisition Program Phases.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense should propose that one or more 
    defense acquisition programs proposed for participation in the 
    Defense Acquisition Pilot Program be exempted from acquisition 
    regulations regarding program phases that are applicable to other 
    Department of Defense acquisition programs; and
        (2) a program so exempted should follow a simplified acquisition 
    program cycle that is results oriented and consists of--
            (A) an integrated decision team meeting phase which--
                (i) could be requested by a potential user of the system 
            or component to be acquired, the head of a laboratory, or a 
            program office on such bases as the emergence of a new 
            military requirement, cost savings opportunity, or new 
            technology opportunity;
                (ii) should be conducted by a program executive officer; 
            and
                (iii) should usually be completed within 1 to 3 months;
            (B) a prototype development and testing phase which should 
        include operational tests and concerns relating to manufacturing 
        operations and life cycle support, should usually be completed 
        within 6 to 36 months, and should produce sufficient numbers of 
        prototypes to assess operational utility;
            (C) a product integration, development, and testing phase 
        which--
                (i) should include full-scale development, integration 
            of components, and operational testing; and
                (ii) should usually be completed within 1 to 5 years; 
            and
            (D) a phase for production, integration into existing 
        systems, or production and integration into existing systems.
    (b) Phase Funding.--To the extent specific authorization is provided 
for any defense acquisition program designated for participation in the 
Defense Acquisition Pilot Program, as required by section 809(b)(1) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 
2430 note), in a law authorizing appropriations for such program enacted 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, and to the extent provided 
in appropriations Acts, the Secretary of Defense is authorized to expend 
for such defense acquisition program such sums as are necessary to carry 
out the next phase of the acquisition program cycle after the Secretary 
determines that objective quantifiable performance expectations relating 
to the execution of that phase have been identified.
    (c) Major Program Decision.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense should establish for one or more defense 
acquisition programs participating in the Defense Acquisition Pilot 
Program an approval process having one major decision point.

SEC. 836. PROGRAM WORK FORCE POLICIES.

    (a) Encouragement of Excellence.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
review the incentives and personnel actions available to the Secretary 
for encouraging excellence in the acquisition work force of the 
Department of Defense and should provide an enhanced system of 
incentives, in accordance with the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Improvement Act (title XII of Public Law 101-510) and other applicable 
law, for the encouragement of excellence in the work force of a program 
participating in the Defense Acquisition Pilot Program.
    (b) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense may consider providing for 
program executive officers, program managers, and other acquisition 
personnel of defense acquisition programs participating in the Defense 
Acquisition Pilot Program an enhanced system of incentives which--
        (1) in accordance with applicable law, relates pay to 
    performance; and
        (2) provides for consideration of the extent to which the 
    performance of such personnel contributes to the achievement of cost 
    goals, schedule goals, and performance goals established for such 
    programs.

SEC. 837. EFFICIENT CONTRACTING PROCESSES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense, in 
exercising the authority provided in section 809 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2430 note), should 
seek to simplify the procurement process, streamline the period for 
entering into contracts, and simplify specifications and requirements.
    SEC. 838. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION: PERFORMANCE BASED CONTRACT 
      MANAGEMENT.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should 
propose under section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 2430 note) that, for one or more defense 
acquisition programs participating in the Defense Acquisition Pilot 
Program, payments under section 2307(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
be made on any of the following bases:
        (1) Performance measured by statistical process controls.
        (2) Event accomplishment.
        (3) Other quantifiable measures of results.

SEC. 839. CONTRACTOR PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Collection and Analysis of Performance Information.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall collect and analyze information on contractor 
performance under the Defense Acquisition Pilot Program.
    (b) Information To Be Included.--Information collected under 
subsection (a) shall include the history of the performance of each 
contractor under the Defense Acquisition Pilot Program contracts and, 
for each such contract performed by the contractor, a technical 
evaluation of the contractor's performance prepared by the program 
manager responsible for the contract.
                        Subtitle E--Other Matters
    SEC. 841. REIMBURSEMENT OF INDIRECT COSTS OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER 
      EDUCATION UNDER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS.
    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may not by regulation 
place a limitation on the amount that the Department of Defense may 
reimburse an institution of higher education for allowable indirect 
costs incurred by the institution for work performed for the Department 
of Defense under a Department of Defense contract unless that same 
limitation is applied uniformly to all other organizations performing 
similar work for the Department of Defense under Department of Defense 
contracts.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the application of 
the prohibition in subsection (a) in the case of a particular 
institution of higher education if the governing body of the institution 
requests the waiver in order to simplify the overall management by that 
institution of cost reimbursements by the Department of Defense for 
contracts awarded by the Department to the institution.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``allowable indirect costs'' means costs that are 
    generally considered allowable as indirect costs under regulations 
    that establish the cost reimbursement principles applicable to an 
    institution of higher education for purposes of Department of 
    Defense contracts.
        (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning 
    given such term in section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 
    1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)).
    SEC. 842. PROHIBITION ON AWARD OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND 
      DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTS TO ENTITIES CONTROLLED BY A FOREIGN 
      GOVERNMENT.
    (a) Terminology Amendment.--Subsection (a) of section 2536 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``a company owned by''; and
        (2) by striking out ``that company'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``that entity''.
    (b) Exclusion From Definition of Entity Controlled by Foreign 
Government.--Subsection (c)(1) of such section is amended by adding at 
the end the following: ``Such term does not include an organization or 
corporation that is owned, but is not controlled, either directly or 
indirectly, by a foreign government if the ownership of that 
organization or corporation by that foreign government was effective 
before October 23, 1992.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of such section is amended 
to read as follows:
``§2536. Award of certain contracts to entities controlled by a 
     foreign government: prohibition''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of subchapter V of chapter 148 of such title is amended to 
read as follows:

``2536. Award of certain contracts to entities controlled by a foreign 
government: prohibition.''.

    SEC. 843. REPORTS BY DEFENSE CONTRACTORS OF DEALINGS WITH TERRORIST 
      COUNTRIES.
    (a) Report Requirement.--(1) Whenever the Secretary of Defense 
proposes to enter into a contract with any person for an amount in 
excess of $5,000,000 for the provision of goods or services to the 
Department of Defense, the Secretary shall require that person--
        (A) before entering into the contract, to report to the 
    Secretary each commercial transaction which that person has 
    conducted with the government of any terrorist country during the 
    preceding three years or the period since the effective date of this 
    section, whichever is shorter; and
        (B) to report to the Secretary each such commercial transaction 
    which that person conducts during the course of the contract (but 
    not after the date specified in subsection (h)) with the government 
    of any terrorist country.
    (2) The requirement contained in paragraph (1)(B) shall be included 
in the contract with the Department of Defense.
    (b) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such 
regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section.
    (c) Annual Report to Congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Congress each year by December 1 a report setting forth 
those persons conducting commercial transactions with terrorist 
countries that are included in the reports made pursuant to subsection 
(a) during the preceding fiscal year, the terrorist countries with which 
those transactions were conducted, and the nature of those transactions. 
The version of the report made available for public release shall 
exclude information exempt from public disclosure under section 552 of 
title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Freedom of 
Information Act).
    (d) Liability.--This section shall not be interpreted as imposing 
any liability on a person for failure to comply with the reporting 
requirement of subsection (a) if the failure to comply is caused solely 
by an act or omission of a third party.
    (e) Person Defined.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``person'' means a corporate or other business entity proposing to enter 
or entering into a contract covered by this section. The term does not 
include an affiliate or subsidiary of the entity.
    (f) Terrorist Country Defined.--A country shall be considered to be 
a terrorist country for purposes of a contract covered by this section 
if the Secretary of State has determined pursuant to law, as of the date 
that is 60 days before the date on which the contract is signed, that 
the government of that country is a government that has repeatedly 
provided support for acts of international terrorism.
    (g) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect to 
contracts entered into after the expiration of the 90-day period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, or after the 
expiration of the 30-day period beginning on the date of publication in 
the Federal Register of the final regulations referred to in subsection 
(b), whichever is earlier.
    (h) Termination.--This section expires on September 30, 1996.
    SEC. 844. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PURCHASES THROUGH OTHER AGENCIES.
    (a) Regulations Required.--Not later than six months after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations governing the exercise by the Department of Defense of the 
authority under section 1535 of title 31, United States Code, to 
purchase goods and services under contracts entered into or administered 
by another agency.
    (b) Content of Regulations.--The regulations prescribed pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall--
        (1) require that each purchase described in subsection (a) be 
    approved in advance by a contracting officer of the Department of 
    Defense with authority to contract for the goods or services to be 
    purchased or by another official in a position specifically 
    designated by regulation to approve such purchase;
        (2) provide that such a purchase of goods or services may be 
    made only if--
            (A) the purchase is appropriately made under a contract that 
        the agency filling the purchase order entered into, before the 
        purchase order, in order to meet the requirements of such agency 
        for the same or similar goods or services;
            (B) the agency filling the purchase order is better 
        qualified to enter into or administer the contract for such 
        goods or services by reason of capabilities or expertise that is 
        not available within the Department;
            (C) the agency or unit filling the order is specifically 
        authorized by law or regulations to purchase such goods or 
        services on behalf of other agencies; or
            (D) the purchase is authorized by an Executive order or a 
        revision to the Federal Acquisition Regulation setting forth 
        specific additional circumstances in which purchases referred to 
        in subsection (a) are authorized;
        (3) prohibit any such purchase under a contract or other 
    agreement entered into or administered by an agency not covered by 
    the provisions of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, or 
    title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 
    1949 and not covered by the Federal Acquisition Regulation unless 
    the purchase is approved in advance by the Senior Acquisition 
    Executive responsible for purchasing by the ordering agency or unit; 
    and
        (4) prohibit any payment to the agency filling a purchase order 
    of any fee that exceeds the actual cost or, if the actual cost is 
    not known, the estimated cost of entering into and administering the 
    contract or other agreement under which the order is filled.
    (c) Monitoring System Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that, not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, systems of the Department of Defense for collecting and 
evaluating procurement data are capable of collecting and evaluating 
appropriate data on procurements conducted under the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to subsection (a).
    (d) Termination.--This section shall cease to be effective one year 
after the date on which final regulations prescribed pursuant to 
subsection (a) take effect.
    SEC. 845. AUTHORITY OF THE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY TO 
      CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.
    (a) Authority.--The Director of the Advanced Research Projects 
Agency may, under the authority of section 2371 of title 10, United 
States Code, carry out prototype projects that are directly relevant to 
weapons or weapon systems proposed to be acquired or developed by the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Exercise of Authority.--(1) Subsections (c)(2) and (c)(3) of 
such section 2371, as redesignated by section 827(b)(1)(B), shall not 
apply to projects carried out under subsection (a).
    (2) The Director shall, to the maximum extent practicable, use 
competitive procedures when entering into agreements to carry out 
projects under subsection (a).
    (c) Period of Authority.--The authority of the Director to carry out 
projects under subsection (a) shall terminate 3 years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 846. IMPROVEMENT OF PRICING POLICIES FOR USE OF MAJOR RANGE AND 
      TEST FACILITY INSTALLATIONS OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 159 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2680 the following new section:
``§2681. Use of test and evaluation installations by commercial 
     entities
    ``(a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into 
contracts with commercial entities that desire to conduct commercial 
test and evaluation activities at a Major Range and Test Facility 
Installation.
    ``(b) Termination or Limitation of Contract Under Certain 
Circumstances.--A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall 
contain a provision that the Secretary of Defense may terminate, 
prohibit, or suspend immediately any commercial test or evaluation 
activity to be conducted at the Major Range and Test Facility 
Installation under the contract if the Secretary of Defense certifies in 
writing that the test or evaluation activity is or would be 
detrimental--
        ``(1) to the public health and safety;
        ``(2) to property (either public or private); or
        ``(3) to any national security interest or foreign policy 
    interest of the United States.
    ``(c) Contract Price.--A contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall include a provision that requires a commercial entity using a 
Major Range and Test Facility Installation under the contract to 
reimburse the Department of Defense for all direct costs to the United 
States that are associated with the test and evaluation activities 
conducted by the commercial entity under the contract. In addition, the 
contract may include a provision that requires the commercial entity to 
reimburse the Department of Defense for such indirect costs related to 
the use of the installation as the Secretary of Defense considers to be 
appropriate. The Secretary may delegate to the commander of the Major 
Range and Test Facility Installation the authority to determine the 
appropriateness of the amount of indirect costs included in such a 
contract provision.
    ``(d) Retention of Funds Collected From Commercial Users.--Amounts 
collected under subsection (c) from a commercial entity conducting test 
and evaluation activities at a Major Range and Test Facility 
Installation shall be credited to the appropriation accounts under which 
the costs associated with the test and evaluation activities of the 
commercial entity were incurred.
    ``(e) Regulations and Limitations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `Major Range and Test Facility Installation' 
    means a test and evaluation installation under the jurisdiction of 
    the Department of Defense and designated as a Major Range and Test 
    Facility Installation by the Secretary.
        ``(2) The term `direct costs' includes the cost of--
            ``(A) labor, material, facilities, utilities, equipment, 
        supplies, and any other resources damaged or consumed during 
        test or evaluation activities or maintained for a particular 
        commercial entity; and
            ``(B) construction specifically performed for a commercial 
        entity to conduct test and evaluation activities.
    ``(g) Termination of Authority.--The authority provided to the 
Secretary of Defense by subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 
1998.
    ``(h) Report.--Not later than January 1, 1998, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report describing the number and 
purposes of contracts entered into under subsection (a) and evaluating 
the extent to which the authority under this section is exercised to 
open Major Range and Test Facility Installations to commercial test and 
evaluation activities.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item related to section 
2680 the following new item:
``2681. Use of test and evaluation installations by commercial 
          entities.''.

SEC. 847. CONTRACT BUNDLING.

    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study 
regarding the impact of contract bundling on the participation of small 
business concerns (including small business concerns owned and 
controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals) in 
procurement by the Department of Defense.
    (b) Purposes of Study.--In addition to such other matters as the 
Comptroller General considers appropriate, the study required by 
subsection (a) shall--
        (1) catalog the benefits and adverse effects of contract 
    bundling on Department of Defense contracting activities;
        (2) catalog the benefits and adverse effects of contract 
    bundling on small business concerns seeking to sell goods or 
    services to the Department of Defense;
        (3) catalog and assess the adequacy of the policy guidance 
    applicable to procurement personnel of the Department of Defense 
    regarding the bundling of contract requirements;
        (4) review and analyze the data compiled pursuant to subsection 
    (c) regarding the extent to which procuring activities of the 
    Department of Defense have been bundling their requirements for the 
    procurement of goods and services (including construction);
        (5) review and assess the adequacy of the statements submitted 
    by procuring activities of the Department of Defense pursuant to 
    section 15(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(a)) regarding 
    bundling of contract requirements; and
        (6) assess whether small business specialists of the Department 
    of Defense or procurement center representatives of the Small 
    Business Administration have adequate policy guidance and effective 
    authority to make an independent assessment regarding proposed 
    bundling of contract requirements.
    (c) Data on Contract Bundling.--
        (1) Data to be compiled.--For purposes of conducting the study 
    required by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall compile 
    and furnish to the Comptroller General data regarding contracts 
    awarded during fiscal years 1988, 1992, and 1993 that reflect the 
    bundling of the types of contract requirements that were previously 
    solicited and awarded as separate contract actions. With respect to 
    such bundled contracts, the Secretary shall seek to furnish data 
    regarding--
            (A) the number and dollar value of such contract awards and 
        the types of goods or services (including construction) that 
        were procured;
            (B) the number and estimated dollar value of requirements 
        previously procured through separate contract actions which were 
        included in each of the contract actions identified under 
        subparagraph (A);
            (C) any justifications (including estimates of cost savings) 
        for the bundled contract actions identified under subparagraph 
        (A); and
            (D) the extent of participation by small business concerns 
        and small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals under subcontracting 
        plans pursuant to section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 637(d)).
        (2) Submission to the comptroller general.--The Secretary of 
    Defense shall furnish the data described in paragraph (1) to the 
    Comptroller General not later than February 1, 1994.
    (d) Report.--Not later than April 1, 1994, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services and Small Business of 
the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the results 
of the study required by subsection (a). The report shall include 
recommendations for appropriate changes to statutes, regulations, 
policy, or practices that would ameliorate any identified adverse 
effects of contract bundling on the participation of small business 
concerns in procurements by the Department of Defense.
    (e) Definition.--For the purposes of this section, the terms 
``contract bundling'' and ``bundling of contract requirements'' means 
the practice of consolidating two or more procurement requirements of 
the type that were previously solicited and awarded as separate smaller 
contracts into a single large contract solicitation likely to be 
unsuitable for award to a small business concern due to--
        (1) the diversity and size of the elements of performance 
    specified;
        (2) the aggregate dollar value of the anticipated award;
        (3) the geographical dispersion of the contract performance 
    sites; or
        (4) any combination of the factors described in paragraphs (1), 
    (2), and (3).
    SEC. 848. PROHIBITION ON COMPETITION BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      AND SMALL BUSINESSES FOR CERTAIN MAINTENANCE CONTRACTS.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2304 the following new section:
``§2304a. Contracts: prohibition on competition between Department 
      of Defense and small businesses and certain other entities
    ``(a) Exclusion.--In any case in which the Secretary of Defense 
plans to use competitive procedures for a procurement, if the 
procurement is to be conducted as described in subsection (b), then the 
Secretary shall exclude the Department of Defense from competing in the 
procurement.
    ``(b) Procurement Description.--The requirement to exclude the 
Department of Defense under subsection (a) applies in the case of a 
procurement to be conducted by excluding from competition entities in 
the private sector other than--
        ``(1) small business concerns in furtherance of section 8 or 15 
    of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637 or 644); or
        ``(2) entities described in subsection (a)(1) of section 2323 of 
    this title in furtherance of the goal specified in that 
    subsection.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2304 the 
following new item:

``2304a. Contracts: prohibition on competition between Department of 
Defense and small businesses and certain other entities.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--Section 2304a of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 849. BUY AMERICAN PROVISIONS.

    (a) Compliance with Buy American Act.--No funds authorized to be 
appropriated pursuant to this Act may be expended by an entity of the 
Department of Defense unless the entity, in expending the funds, 
complies with the Buy American Act.
    (b) Prohibition of Contracts.--If the Secretary of Defense 
determines that a person has been convicted of intentionally affixing a 
label bearing a ``Made in America'' inscription to any product sold in 
or shipped to the United States that is not made in America, the 
Secretary shall determine, in accordance with section 2410f of title 10, 
United States Code, whether the person should be debarred from 
contracting with the Department of Defense.
    (c) Buy American Act Waiver Rescissions.--(1) If the Secretary of 
Defense, after consultation with the United States Trade Representative, 
determines that a foreign country which is party to an agreement 
described in paragraph (2) has violated the terms of the agreement by 
discriminating against certain types of products produced in the United 
States that are covered by the agreement, the Secretary of Defense shall 
rescind the Secretary's blanket waiver of the Buy American Act with 
respect to such types of products produced in that foreign country.
    (2) An agreement referred to in paragraph (1) is any reciprocal 
defense procurement memorandum of understanding between the United 
States and a foreign country pursuant to which the Secretary of Defense 
has prospectively waived the Buy American Act for certain products in 
that country.
    (d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``Buy 
American Act'' means title III of the Act entitled ``An Act making 
appropriations for the Treasury and Post Office Departments for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1934, and for other purposes'', approved 
March 3, 1933 (41 U.S.C. 10a et seq.).
    SEC. 850. CLARIFICATION TO SMALL BUSINESS COMPETITIVENESS 
      DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ACT.
    The Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program Act of 1988 
(15 U.S.C. 644 note) is amended--
        (1) in section 732, by striking out the second sentence; and
        (2) in section 717, by adding at the end the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(f) Size Standards.--
        ``(1) In general.--Any numerical size standard that is assigned 
    to a standard industrial classification code (or a subdivision of 
    such a code) for any of the designated industry groups described in 
    subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section and that was in effect 
    on September 30, 1988, shall remain in effect for the duration of 
    the Program (as specified in section 711(c)).
        ``(2) Engineering services other than architectural and 
    engineering services.--The limitation imposed by paragraph (1) does 
    not preclude modification to the numerical size standard assigned to 
    those subdivisions of standard industrial classification code 8711 
    that are not subject to the Program, including--
            ``(A) engineering services--military and aerospace equipment 
        and military weapons;
            ``(B) engineering services--marine engineering and naval 
        architecture; or
            ``(C) any successor to a subdivision described in 
        subparagraph (A) or (B).''.
       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
             Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense
    SEC. 901. ENHANCED POSITION FOR COMPTROLLER OF DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating sections 135, 136, 138, 139, 140, and 141 
    as sections 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, and 142, respectively; and
        (2) by transferring section 137 (relating to the Comptroller) so 
    as to appear after section 134a, redesignating that section as 
    section 135, and amending that section by adding at the end the 
    following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Comptroller takes precedence in the Department of Defense 
after the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.''.
    (b) Executive Schedule III Pay Level.--Section 5314 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy the following:
        ``Comptroller of the Department of Defense.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (d) of section 138 of title 
10, United States Code, as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended by 
inserting ``and Comptroller'' after ``Under Secretaries of Defense''.

SEC. 902. ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMPTROLLER.

    (a) Chief Financial Officer.--(1) Section 135 of title 10, United 
States Code, as redesignated and amended by section 901, is further 
amended in subsection (b)--
        (A) by inserting after ``(b)'' the following: ``The Comptroller 
    is the agency Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Defense 
    for the purposes of chapter 9 of title 31.''; and
        (B) by inserting ``additional'' after ``shall perform such''.
    (2) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out the following:
        ``Chief Financial Officer, Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Congressional Information Responsibilities.--Such section is 
further amended by adding after subsection (d), as added by section 
901(a)(2), the following new subsection:
    ``(e) The Comptroller shall ensure that the Committees on Armed 
Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of 
Representatives are each informed, in a timely manner, regarding all 
matters relating to the budgetary, fiscal, and analytic activities of 
the Department of Defense that are under the supervision of the 
Comptroller.''.
    SEC. 903. NEW POSITION OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR PERSONNEL 
      AND READINESS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 135, as transferred and redesignated 
by section 901(a), the following new section:
``§136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness
    ``(a) There is an Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with 
the consent of the Senate.
    ``(b) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the 
Secretary of Defense may prescribe in the areas of military readiness, 
total force management, military and civilian personnel requirements, 
military and civilian personnel training, military and civilian family 
matters, exchange, commissary, and nonappropriated fund activities, 
personnel requirements for weapons support, National Guard and reserve 
components, and health affairs.
    ``(c) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
takes precedence in the Department of Defense after the Comptroller.''.
    (b) Executive Schedule III Pay Level.--Section 5314 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
the Comptroller of the Department of Defense, as added by section 
901(b), the following:
        ``Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.''.
    (c) Offsetting Reduction in Number of Assistant Secretary of Defense 
Positions.--(1) Subsection (a) of section 138 of title 10, United States 
Code, as redesignated by section 901(a), is amended by striking out 
``eleven'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``ten''.
    (2) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``Assistant Secretaries of Defense (11)'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``Assistant Secretaries of Defense (10)''.
    SEC. 904. REDESIGNATION OF POSITIONS OF UNDER SECRETARYP AND DEPUTY 
      UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION.
    (a) Redesignations.--The office of Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition in the Department of Defense is hereby redesignated as Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology. The office of 
Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition in the Department of 
Defense is hereby redesignated as Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Technology.
    (b) USD Charter Amendments.--(1) Section 133 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition'' in subsections (a), (b), and (e)(1) and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology''.
    (2) The heading for such section is amended to read as follows:
``§133. Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Technology''.
    (c) DUSD Charter Amendments.--(1) Section 133a of such title is 
amended by striking out ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition'' in subsections (a) and (b) and inserting in lieu thereof 
``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology''.
    (2) The heading for such section is amended to read as follows:
``§133a. Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Technology''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--(1) The 
following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking out ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition'' each place 
such term appears (including section headings) and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology'': 
sections 134(c), 137(b) (as redesignated by section 901(a)), 139 (as 
redesignated by section 901(a)), 171(a)(3), 179(a), 1702, 1703, 1707(a), 
1722, 1735(c), 1737(c), 1741(b), 1746(a), 1761(b)(4), 1762(a), 1763, 
2304(f), 2308(b), 2325(b), 2329, 2350a, 2369, 2399(b)(3), 2435(b)(2)(B), 
2438(c), 2523(a), and 2534(b)(2).
    (2) The item relating to section 1702 in the table of sections at 
the beginning of subchapter I of chapter 87 of such title is amended to 
read as follows:

``1702. Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology: 
authorities and responsibilities.''.

    (3) Section 171(a)(8) of such title is amended by striking out 
``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Technology''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments to Title 5, United States Code.--(1) 
Section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology''.
    (2) Section 5314 of such title is amended by striking out ``Deputy 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Technology''.
    (f) References in Other Laws.--Any reference to the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition or the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition in any provision of law other than title 10, United States 
Code, or in any rule, regulation, or other paper of the United States 
shall be treated as referring to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Technology or the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Technology, respectively.
    SEC. 905. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR LEGISLATIVE AFFAIRS.
    Section 138(b) of title 10, United States Code, as redesignated by 
section 901(a)(1), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Legislative Affairs. He shall have as his 
principal duty the overall supervision of legislative affairs of the 
Department of Defense.''.
    SEC. 906. FURTHER CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO CHAPTER 4 OF TITLE 10, 
      UNITED STATES CODE.
    (a) Composition of OSD.--Subsection (b) of section 131 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) The Office of the Secretary of Defense is composed of the 
following:
        ``(1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.
        ``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Technology.
        ``(3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
        ``(4) The Comptroller.
        ``(5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
    Readiness.
        ``(6) The Director of Defense Research and Engineering.
        ``(7) The Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
        ``(8) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
        ``(9) The General Counsel of the Department of Defense.
        ``(10) The Inspector General of the Department of Defense.
        ``(11) Such other offices and officials as may be established by 
    law or the Secretary of Defense may establish or designate in the 
    Office.''.
    (b) Table of Sections.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 4 of such title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec.
``131. Office of the Secretary of Defense.
``132. Deputy Secretary of Defense.
``133. Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology.
``133a. Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
          Technology.
``134. Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
``134a. Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
``135. Comptroller.
``136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.
``137. Director of Defense Research and Engineering.
``138. Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
``139. Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
``140. General Counsel.
``141. Inspector General.
``142. Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Atomic Energy.''.

SEC. 907. DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.

    Subsection (c) of section 139 of title 10, United States Code, as 
redesignated by section 901(a)(1), is amended--
        (1) by striking out the first sentence;
        (2) by striking out ``Director of Defense Research and 
    Engineering'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition and Technology''; and
        (3) by striking out ``research and development'' and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ``acquisition''.
               Subtitle B--Professional Military Education
    SEC. 921. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS CONCERNING PROFESSIONAL MILITARY 
      EDUCATION SCHOOLS.
    The Congress finds that--
        (1) the primary mission of the professional military education 
    schools of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps is to provide 
    military officers with expertise in their particular warfare 
    specialties and a broad and deep understanding of the major elements 
    of their own service;
        (2) the primary mission of the joint professional military 
    education schools is to provide military officers with expertise in 
    the integrated employment of land, sea, and air forces, including 
    matters relating to national security strategy, national military 
    strategy, strategic planning and contingency planning, and command 
    and control of combat operations under unified command; and
        (3) there is a continuing need to maintain professional military 
    education schools for the Armed Forces and separate joint 
    professional military education schools.
    SEC. 922. AUTHORITY FOR AWARD BY NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY OF 
      CERTAIN MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§2163. National Defense University: masters of science in 
     national security strategy and in national resource strategy
    ``(a) National War College Degree.--The President of the National 
Defense University, upon the recommendation of the faculty and 
commandant of the National War College, may confer the degree of master 
of science of national security strategy upon graduates of the National 
War College who fulfill the requirements for the degree.
    ``(b) ICAF Degree.--The President of the National Defense 
University, upon the recommendation of the faculty and commandant of the 
Industrial College of the Armed Forces, may confer the degree of master 
of science of national resource strategy upon graduates of the 
Industrial College of the Armed Forces who fulfill the requirements for 
the degree.
    ``(c) Regulations.--The authority provided by subsections (a) and 
(b) shall be exercised under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2163. National Defense University: masters of science in national 
security strategy and in national resource strategy.''.

    SEC. 923. AUTHORITY TO EMPLOY CIVILIAN FACULTY MEMBERS AT GEORGE C. 
      MARSHALL EUROPEAN CENTER FOR SECURITY STUDIES.
    (a) In General.--(1) Section 1595 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
``§1595. Civilian faculty members at certain Department of Defense 
     schools: employment and compensation
    ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of Defense may employ 
as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers at the 
institutions specified in subsection (c) as the Secretary considers 
necessary.
    ``(b) Compensation of Faculty Members.--The compensation of persons 
employed under this section shall be as prescribed by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Covered Institutions.--This section applies with respect to 
the following institutions of the Department of Defense:
        ``(1) The National Defense University.
        ``(2) The Foreign Language Center of the Defense Language 
    Institute.
        ``(3) The George C. Marshall European Center for Security 
    Studies.
    ``(d) Application to Faculty Members at NDU.--(1) In the case of the 
National Defense University, this section applies with respect to 
persons selected by the Secretary for employment as professors, 
instructors, and lecturers at the National Defense University after 
February 27, 1990.
    ``(2) For purposes of this section, the National Defense University 
includes the National War College, the Armed Forces Staff College, the 
Institute for National Strategic Study, and the Industrial College of 
the Armed Forces.
    ``(e) Application to Director and Deputy Director at George C. 
Marshall Center.--In the case of the George C. Marshall European Center 
for Security Studies, this section also applies with respect to the 
Director and the Deputy Director.''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 81 of such title is amended to read as follows:

``1595. Civilian faculty members at certain Department of Defense 
schools: employment and compensation.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5102(c)(10) of title 5, United 
States Code, as amended by section 533(c), is amended by inserting 
``(and, in the case of the George C. Marshall European Center for 
Security Studies, the Director and the Deputy Director)'' after 
``professional military education school''.
               Subtitle C--Joint Officer Personnel Policy
    SEC. 931. REVISION OF GOLDWATER-NICHOLS REQUIREMENT OF SERVICE IN A 
      JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENT BEFORE PROMOTION TO GENERAL OR FLAG GRADE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 619 the following new section:
``§619a. Eligibility for consideration for promotion: joint duty 
     assignment required before promotion to general or flag grade; 
     exceptions
    ``(a) General Rule.--An officer on the active-duty list of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may not be appointed to the grade of 
brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) unless the officer has 
completed a full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment (as described 
in section 664(f) of this title).
    ``(b) Exceptions.--Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
Defense may waive subsection (a) in the following circumstances:
        ``(1) When necessary for the good of the service.
        ``(2) In the case of an officer whose proposed selection for 
    promotion is based primarily upon scientific and technical 
    qualifications for which joint requirements do not exist.
        ``(3) In the case of--
            ``(A) a medical officer, dental officer, veterinary officer, 
        medical service officer, nurse, or biomedical science officer;
            ``(B) a chaplain; or
            ``(C) a judge advocate.
        ``(4) In the case of an officer selected by a promotion board 
    for appointment to the grade of brigadier general or rear admiral 
    (lower half) while serving in a joint duty assignment if--
            ``(A) at least 180 days of that joint duty assignment have 
        been completed on the date of the convening of that selection 
        board; and
            ``(B) the officer's total consecutive service in joint duty 
        assignments within that immediate organization is not less than 
        two years.
        ``(5) In the case of an officer who served in a joint duty 
    assignment that began before January 1, 1987, if the officer served 
    in that assignment for a period of sufficient duration (which may 
    not be less than 12 months) for the officer's service to have been 
    considered a full tour of duty under the policies and regulations in 
    effect on September 30, 1986.
    ``(c) Waiver To Be Individual.--A waiver may be granted under 
subsection (b) only on a case-by-case basis in the case of an individual 
officer.
    ``(d) Special Rule for Good-of-the-Service Waiver.--In the case of a 
waiver under subsection (b)(1), the Secretary shall provide that the 
first duty assignment as a general or flag officer of the officer for 
whom the waiver is granted shall be in a joint duty assignment.
    ``(e) Limitation on Delegation of Waiver Authority.--The authority 
of the Secretary of Defense to grant a waiver under subsection (b) 
(other than under paragraph (1) of that subsection) may be delegated 
only to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, 
or an Assistant Secretary of Defense.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. The regulations shall 
specifically identify for purposes of subsection (b)(2) those categories 
of officers for which selection for promotion to brigadier general or, 
in the case of the Navy, rear admiral (lower half) is based primarily 
upon scientific and technical qualifications for which joint 
requirements do not exist.
    ``(g) Transition Waiver Authorities.--(1)(A) Until January 1, 1999, 
the Secretary of Defense may waive subsection (a) in the case of an 
officer who served in an assignment (other than a joint duty assignment) 
that began before October 1, 1986, and that involved significant 
experience in joint matters (as determined by the Secretary) if the 
officer served in that assignment for a period of sufficient duration 
(which may not be less than 12 months) for the officer's service to have 
been considered a full tour of duty under the policies and regulations 
in effect on September 30, 1986.
    ``(B) Of the total number of appointments to the grades of brigadier 
general and rear admiral (lower half) for officers on the active-duty 
lists of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps during each of the 
years 1995 through 1999, the number in any such year that are made using 
a waiver under subparagraph (A) may not exceed the applicable percentage 
of such total determined as follows:
                                                              Applicable
``Year:
                                                             Percentage:
    1995......................................................


                                                                     205

    1996......................................................


                                                                     155

    1997......................................................


                                                                     105

    1998......................................................


                                                                      5.

    ``(C) The provisions of subsections (c) and (e) apply to waivers 
under this paragraph in the same manner as to waivers under subsection 
(b).
    ``(2) Until January 1, 1999, the Secretary of Defense may waive 
subsection (d) in the case of an officer granted a waiver of subsection 
(a) under the authority of subsection (b)(1).
    ``(3)(A) An officer described in subparagraph (B) may not be 
appointed to the grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral until the 
officer completes a full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment.
    ``(B) Subparagraph (A) applies to an officer--
        ``(i) who is promoted after January 1, 1994, to the grade of 
    brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) and who receives a 
    waiver of subsection (a) under the authority of paragraph (1) of 
    this subsection; or
        ``(ii) who receives a waiver of subsection (d) under the 
    authority of paragraph (2) of this subsection.
    ``(h) Special Transition Rules for Nuclear Propulsion Officers.--(1) 
Until January 1, 1997, an officer of the Navy designated as a qualified 
nuclear propulsion officer may be appointed to the grade of rear admiral 
(lower half) without regard to subsection (a). An officer so appointed 
may not be appointed to the grade of rear admiral until the officer 
completes a full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment.
    ``(2) Not later than March 1 of each year from 1994 through 1997, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
implementation during the preceding calendar year of the transition plan 
developed by the Secretary pursuant to section 1305(b) of Public Law 
100-180 (10 U.S.C. 619a note) with respect to service by qualified 
nuclear propulsion officers in joint duty assignments.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 619 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking out subsection (e).
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of section 619 is amended 
to read as follows:
``§619. Eligibility for consideration for promotion: time-in-grade 
    and other requirements.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter II of 
chapter 36 of such title is amended by striking out the item relating to 
section 619 and inserting in lieu thereof the following new items:
``619. Eligibility for consideration for promotion: time-in-grade and 
          other requirements.
``619a. Eligibility for consideration for promotion: joint duty 
          assignment required before promotion to general or flag grade; 
          exceptions.''.

    (d) Report on Plans for Compliance With Section 619a.--Not later 
than February 1, 1994, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to 
Congress that the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps have each 
developed and implemented a plan for their officer personnel assignment 
and promotion policies so as to ensure compliance with the requirements 
of section 619a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a). Each such plan should particularly ensure that by January 1, 1999, 
the service covered by the plan shall have enough officers who have 
completed a full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment so as to permit 
the orderly promotion of officers to brigadier general or, in the case 
of the Navy, rear admiral (lower half) pursuant to the requirements of 
chapter 38 of title 10, United States Code.
    (e) Additional Information To Be Included in Next Five Annual Joint 
Officer Policy Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall include as part 
of the information submitted to Congress pursuant to section 667 of 
title 10, United States Code, for each of the next five years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act the following:
        (1) The degree of progress made toward meeting the requirements 
    of section 619a of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The compliance achieved with each of the plans developed 
    pursuant to subsection (d).
    (f) Extension of Transition Plan for Nuclear Propulsion Officers.--
(1) Section 1305(b) of Public Law 101-180 (10 U.S.C. 619a note) is 
amended by striking out ``January 1, 1994'' each place it appears and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``January 1, 1997''.
    (2) The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Chairman 
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall revise the transition plan developed 
pursuant to section 1305(b) of Public Law 101-180 to take account of the 
amendments made by subsection (a) and by paragraph (1) of this 
subsection. The Secretary shall include with the next report of the 
Secretary after the date of the enactment of this Act under section 
619a(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), 
a report on the actions of the Secretary in revising such transition 
plan.
    (3) Such section is further amended by striking out ``nuclear 
populsion'' in paragraph (1)(B) and inserting in lieu thereof ``nuclear 
propulsion''.
    SEC. 932. JOINT DUTY CREDIT FOR CERTAIN DUTY PERFORMED DURING 
      OPERATIONS DESERT SHIELD AND DESERT STORM.
    (a) Authority To Give Joint Duty Credit.--(1) An officer described 
in paragraph (2) may (subject to paragraph (3)) be given credit for 
service in a joint duty assignment pursuant to the provisions of section 
933 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
(Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2476; 10 U.S.C. 664 note), 
notwithstanding the expiration (under subsection (e) of that section) of 
authority to give such credit under that section.
    (2) Paragraph (1) applies--
        (A) in the case of an officer who was recommended for such 
    credit under subsection (a)(3) of that section before the expiration 
    (under subsection (e) of that section) of authority to give such 
    credit, but for whom such credit either was denied or was granted as 
    credit for less than a full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment; 
    and
        (B) in the case of an officer who did not submit a timely 
    request for consideration for such credit.
    (3)(A) In the case of an officer described in paragraph (2)(A), 
joint duty credit may be granted by reason of this subsection only if 
the Secretary determines that the decision not to give the credit or not 
to give greater credit, as the case may be, to that officer was 
incorrect.
    (B) In the case of an officer described in paragraph (2)(B), joint 
duty credit may be granted by reason of this subsection only if the 
Secretary determines that the officer's ability to submit a timely 
request was impaired by involvement of the officer in an operational 
assignment and, as a result of the failure to submit such a timely 
request, the officer was not recommended for such credit.
    (b) Duration of Authority.--Subsection (a) expires at the end of the 
90-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Clarification of Intended Relationship Between Credit and 
Promotions.--(1) Section 933(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2476; 10 U.S.C. 
644 note) is amended by striking out ``chapter 38 of'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``any provision of''.
    (2) Any joint duty service credit given to an officer under section 
933(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
before the date of the enactment of this Act may be applied to any 
provision of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 933. FLEXIBILITY FOR REQUIRED POST-EDUCATION JOINT DUTY 
      ASSIGNMENT.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (d) of section 663 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Post-Education Joint Duty Assignments.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that each officer with the joint specialty who 
graduates from a joint professional military education school shall be 
assigned to a joint duty assignment for that officer's next duty 
assignment after such graduation (unless the officer receives a waiver 
of that requirement by the Secretary in an individual case).
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a high 
proportion (which shall be greater than 50 percent) of the officers 
graduating from a joint professional military education school who do 
not have the joint specialty shall receive assignments to a joint duty 
assignment as their next duty assignment after such graduation or, to 
the extent authorized in subparagraph (B), as their second duty 
assignment after such graduation.
    ``(B) The Secretary may, if the Secretary determines that it is 
necessary to do so for the efficient management of officer personnel, 
establish procedures to allow up to one-half of the officers subject to 
the joint duty assignment requirement in subparagraph (A) to be assigned 
to a joint duty assignment as their second (rather than first) 
assignment after such graduation from a joint professional military 
education school.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to officers graduating from joint professional 
military education schools after the date of the enactment of this Act.
                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 941. ARMY RESERVE COMMAND.

    Section 903 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1620; 10 U.S.C. 3074 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking out ``shall be a major 
    subordinate command of Forces Command'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``shall be a separate command of the Army commanded by the 
    Chief, Army Reserve'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking out ``Commander-in-Chief, 
    Forces Command'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Commander-in-Chief, 
    United States Atlantic Command''; and
        (3) by striking out subsections (c) through (e).
    SEC. 942. FLEXIBILITY IN ADMINISTERING REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL FOUR 
      PERCENT REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO HEADQUARTERS 
      AND HEADQUARTERS SUPPORT ACTIVITIES.
    Section 906(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1622) is amended by adding at 
the end the following: ``If the number by which the number of such 
personnel is reduced during any of fiscal years 1991, 1992, 1993, or 
1994 is greater than the number required under the preceding sentence, 
the excess number from that fiscal year may be applied by the Secretary 
toward the required reduction during a subsequent fiscal year (so that 
the total reduction under this section need not exceed the number equal 
to five times the required reduction number specified under the 
preceding sentence).''.
    SEC. 943. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BOTTOM UP REVIEW.
    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit, in 
classified and unclassified forms, to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on aspects of the 
comprehensive review of Department of Defense activities ordered by the 
Secretary of Defense and identified as the ``Bottom Up Review'' 
(hereinafter in this section referred to as the ``Review'') that were 
not included in the October 1993 Department of Defense report entitled 
``Report on the Bottom-Up Review''. The report shall include the 
following information:
        (1) A presentation of the process, structure, and scope of the 
    Review, including all programs and policies examined by the Review.
        (2) The various force structure, strategy, budgetary, and 
    programmatic options considered as part of the Review.
        (3) A description of any threat assessment or defense planning 
    scenario used in conducting the Review.
        (4) The criteria used in the development, review, and selection 
    of the alternative strategy, force structure, programmatic, 
    budgetary, and other options considered in the Review.
        (5) A detailed description and break out of the resource savings 
    and costs resulting from the recommendations stated in the October 
    1993 Department of Defense report entitled ``Report on the Bottom-Up 
    Review''.
        (6) Presentation of changes as a result of the Review in each of 
    the following:
            (A) The National Security Strategy of the United States, as 
        described in the January 1993 report entitled ``National 
        Security Strategy of the United States'', issued by former 
        President Bush.
            (B) The National Military Strategy of the United States, as 
        described in the January 1993 report entitled ``Annual Report to 
        the President and the Congress'' from former Secretary of 
        Defense Cheney.
            (C) The military force structure and active and reserve 
        personnel end strength, as described in the January 1993 report 
        entitled ``Annual Report to the President and the Congress'' 
        from former Secretary of Defense Cheney.
            (D) The roles and functions of the military departments and 
        the roles and functions of the unified commands as set out in 
        the Unified Command Plan.
            (E) Cost, schedule, and inventory objectives for major 
        defense acquisition programs (as defined in section 2430 of 
        title 10, United States Code) altered as a result of the Review.
    (b) Deadline.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted not later than the date on which the budget for fiscal year 
1995 is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 944. REPEAL OF TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR A DIRECTOR OF 
      EXPEDITIONARY WARFARE IN THE OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF NAVAL 
      OPERATIONS.
    Subsection (e) of section 5038 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.

SEC. 945. CINC INITIATIVE FUND.

    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 301 
for Defense-wide activities, $30,000,000 shall be made available for the 
CINC Initiative Fund.
    Subtitle E--Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces

SEC. 951. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The current allocation of roles and missions among the Armed 
    Forces evolved from the practice during World War II to meet the 
    Cold War threat and may no longer be appropriate for the post-Cold 
    War era.
        (2) Many analysts believe that a realignment of those roles and 
    mission is essential for the efficiency and effectiveness of the 
    Armed Forces, particularly in light of lower budgetary resources 
    that will be available to the Department of Defense in the future.
        (3) The existing process of a triennial review of roles and 
    missions by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff pursuant to 
    provisions of law enacted by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of 
    Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 has not produced the 
    comprehensive review envisioned by Congress.
        (4) It is difficult for any organization, and may be 
    particularly difficult for the Department of Defense, to reform 
    itself without the benefit and authority provided by external 
    perspectives and analysis.

SEC. 952. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.

    (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established a commission to be 
known as the Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces 
(hereinafter in this subtitle referred to as the ``Commission'').
    (b) Composition and Qualifications.--(1) The Commission shall be 
composed of seven members. Members of the Commission shall be appointed 
by the Secretary of Defense.
    (2) The Commission shall be appointed from among private United 
States citizens with appropriate and diverse military, organizational, 
and management experiences and historical perspectives.
    (3) The Secretary shall designate one of the members as chairman of 
the Commission.
    (c) Period of Appointment; Vacancies.--Members shall be appointed 
for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the Commission shall not 
affect its powers, but shall be filled in the same manner as the 
original appointment.
    (d) Initial Organizational Requirements.--(1) The Secretary shall 
make all appointments to the Commission within 45 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    (2) The Commission shall convene its first meeting within 30 days 
after the first date on which all members of the Commission have been 
appointed. At that meeting, the Commission shall develop an agenda and a 
schedule for carrying out its duties.

SEC. 953. DUTIES OF COMMISSION.

    (a) In General.--The Commission shall--
        (1) review the efficacy and appropriateness for the post-Cold 
    War era of the current allocations among the Armed Forces of roles, 
    missions, and functions;
        (2) evaluate and report on alternative allocations of those 
    roles, missions, and functions; and
        (3) make recommendations for changes in the current definition 
    and distribution of those roles, missions, and functions.
    (b) Review of Potential Military Operations.--The Commission shall 
review the types of military operations that may be required in the 
post-Cold War era, taking into account the requirements for success in 
various types of operations. As part of such review, the Commission 
shall take into consideration the official strategic planning of the 
Department of Defense. The types of operations to be considered by the 
Commission as part of such review shall include the following:
        (1) Defense of the United States.
        (2) Warfare against other national military forces.
        (3) Participation in peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and other 
    nontraditional activities.
        (4) Action against nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons 
    capabilities in hostile hands.
        (5) Support of law enforcement.
        (6) Other types of operations as specified by the chairman of 
    the Commission.
    (c) Commission To Define Broad Mission Areas and Key Support 
Requirements.--As a result of the review under subsection (b), the 
Commission shall define broad mission areas and key support requirements 
for the United States military establishment as a whole.
    (d) Development of Conceptual Framework for Organizational 
Allocations.--The Commission shall develop a conceptual framework for 
the review of the organizational allocation among the Armed Forces of 
military roles, missions, and functions. In developing that framework, 
the Commission shall consider--
        (1) static efficiency (such as duplicative overhead and 
    economies of scale);
        (2) dynamic effectiveness (including the benefits of competition 
    and the effect on innovation);
        (3) interoperability, responsiveness, and other aspects of 
    military effectiveness in the field;
        (4) gaps in mission coverage and so-called orphan missions that 
    are inadequately served by existing organizational entities;
        (5) division of responsibility on the battlefield;
        (6) exploitation of new technology and operational concepts;
        (7) the degree of disruption that a change in roles and missions 
    would entail; and
        (8) the experience of other nations.
    (e) Recommendations Concerning Military Roles and Missions.--Based 
upon the conceptual framework developed under subsection (d) to evaluate 
possible changes to the existing allocation among the Armed Forces of 
military roles, missions, and functions, the Commission shall 
recommend--
        (1) the functions for which each military department should 
    organize, train, and equip forces;
        (2) the missions of combatant commands; and
        (3) the roles that Congress should assign to the various 
    military elements of the Department of Defense.
    (f) Recommendations Concerning Civilian Elements of Department of 
Defense.--The Commission may address the roles, missions, and functions 
of civilian portions of the Department of Defense and other national 
security agencies to the extent that changes in these areas are 
collateral to changes considered in military roles, missions, and 
functions.
    (g) Recommendations Concerning Process for Future Changes.--The 
Commission shall also recommend a process for continuing to adapt the 
roles, missions, and functions of the Armed Forces to future changes in 
technology and in the international security environment.

SEC. 954. REPORTS.

    (a) Implementation Plan.--Not later than three months after the date 
on which all members of the Commission have been appointed, the 
Commission shall transmit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a report setting forth its plan for 
the work of the Commission. The plan shall be developed following 
discussions with the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, and the chairmen of those committees.
    (b) Commission Report.--The Commission shall, not later than one 
year after the date of its first meeting, submit to the committees named 
in subsection (a) and to the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff a report setting forth the activities, 
findings, and recommendations of the Commission, including any 
recommendations for legislation that the Commission considers advisable.
    (c) Action by Secretary of Defense.--The Secretary of Defense, after 
consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall 
submit comments on the Commission's report to the committees referred to 
in subsection (b) not later than 90 days following receipt of the 
report.

SEC. 955. POWERS.

    (a) Hearings.--The Commission or, at its direction, any panel or 
member of the Commission, may, for the purpose of carrying out the 
provisions of this subtitle, hold hearings, sit and act at times and 
places, take testimony, receive evidence, and administer oaths to the 
extent that the Commission or any panel or member considers advisable.
    (b) Information.--The Commission may secure directly from the 
Department of Defense and any other Federal department or agency any 
information that the Commission considers necessary to enable the 
Commission to carry out its responsibilities under this subtitle. Upon 
request of the chairman of the Commission, the head of such department 
or agency shall furnish such information expeditiously to the 
Commission.

SEC. 956. COMMISSION PROCEDURES.

    (a) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet at the call of the 
chairman.
    (b) Quorum.--(1) Four members of the Commission shall constitute a 
quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold hearings.
    (2) The Commission shall act by resolution agreed to by a majority 
of the members of the Commission.
    (c) Panels.--The Commission may establish panels composed of less 
than the full membership of the Commission for the purpose of carrying 
out the Commission's duties. The actions of each such panel shall be 
subject to the review and control of the Commission. Any findings and 
determinations made by such a panel shall not be considered the findings 
and determinations of the Commission unless approved by the Commission.
    (d) Authority of Individuals To Act for Commission.--Any member or 
agent of the Commission may, if authorized by the Commission, take any 
action which the Commission is authorized to take under this subtitle.

SEC. 957. PERSONNEL MATTERS.

    (a) Pay of Members.--Each member of the Commission shall be paid at 
a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay 
payable for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of 
title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time) during 
which the member is engaged in the performance of the duties of the 
Commission. All members of the Commission who are officers or employees 
of the United States shall serve without pay in addition to that 
received for their services as officers or employees of the United 
States.
    (b) Travel Expenses.--The members of the Commission shall be allowed 
travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates 
authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of 
title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes or regular 
places of business in the performance of services for the Commission.
    (c) Staff.--(1) The chairman of the Commission may, without regard 
to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments 
in the competitive service, appoint a staff director and such additional 
personnel as may be necessary to enable the Commission to perform its 
duties. The appointment of a staff director shall be subject to the 
approval of the Commission.
    (2) The chairman of the Commission may fix the pay of the staff 
director and other personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 
51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, 
relating to classification of positions and General Schedule pay rates, 
except that the rate of pay fixed under this paragraph for the staff 
director may not exceed the rate payable for level V of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5316 of such title and the rate of pay for other 
personnel may not exceed the maximum rate payable for grade GS-15 of the 
General Schedule.
    (d) Detail of Government Employees.--Upon request of the chairman of 
the Commission, the head of any Federal department or agency may detail, 
on a nonreimbursable basis, any personnel of that department or agency 
to the Commission to assist it in carrying out its duties.
    (e) Procurement of Temporary and Intermittent Services.--The 
chairman of the Commission may procure temporary and intermittent 
services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates 
for individuals which do not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual 
rate of basic pay payable for level V of the Executive Schedule under 
section 5316 of such title.

SEC. 958. MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    (a) Postal and Printing Services.--The Commission may use the United 
States mails and obtain printing and binding services in the same manner 
and under the same conditions as other departments and agencies of the 
Federal Government.
    (b) Miscellaneous Administrative and Support Services.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall furnish the Commission, on a reimbursable 
basis, any administrative and support services requested by the 
Commission.
    (c) Gifts.--The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or 
donations of services or property.
    (d) Travel.--To the maximum extent practicable, the members and 
employees of the Commission shall travel on military aircraft, military 
ships, military vehicles, or other military conveyances when travel is 
necessary in the performance of a responsibility of the Commission, 
except that no such aircraft, ship, vehicle, or other conveyance may be 
scheduled primarily for the transportation of any such member or 
employee when the cost of commercial transportation is less expensive.

SEC. 959. PAYMENT OF COMMISSION EXPENSES.

    The compensation, travel expenses, and per diem allowances of 
members and employees of the Commission shall be paid out of funds 
available to the Department of Defense for the payment of compensation, 
travel allowances, and per diem allowances, respectively, of civilian 
employees of the Department of Defense. The other expenses of the 
Commission shall be paid out of funds available to the Department of 
Defense for the payment of similar expenses incurred by that Department.

SEC. 960. TERMINATION OF THE COMMISSION.

    The Commission shall terminate on the last day of the sixteenth 
month that begins after the date of its first meeting, but not earlier 
than 30 days after the date of the Secretary of Defense's submission of 
comments on the Commission's report.
                    TITLE X--ENVIRONMENTAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 1001. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTS.

    (a) Report on Environmental Restoration Activities.--Subsection (a) 
of section 2706 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(a) Report on Environmental Restoration Activities.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Congress each year, not later 
than 30 days after the date on which the President submits to the 
Congress the budget for a fiscal year, a report on the progress made by 
the Secretary in carrying out environmental restoration activities at 
military installations.
    ``(2) Each such report shall include, with respect to environmental 
restoration activities for each military installation, the following:
        ``(A) A statement of the number of sites at which a hazardous 
    substance has been identified.
        ``(B) A statement of the status of response actions proposed for 
    or initiated at the military installation.
        ``(C) A statement of the total cost estimated for such response 
    actions.
        ``(D) A statement of the amount of funds obligated by the 
    Secretary for such response actions, and the progress made in 
    implementing the response actions during the fiscal year preceding 
    the year in which the report is submitted, including an explanation 
    of--
            ``(i) any cost overruns for such response actions, if the 
        amount of funds obligated for those response actions exceeds the 
        estimated cost for those response actions by the greater of 15 
        percent of the estimated cost or $10,000,000; and
            ``(ii) any deviation in the schedule (including a milestone 
        schedule specified in an agreement, order, or mandate) for such 
        response actions of more than 180 days.
        ``(E) A statement of the amount of funds allocated by the 
    Secretary for, and the anticipated progress in implementing, such 
    response actions during the fiscal year in which the report is 
    submitted.
        ``(F) A statement of the amount of funds requested for such 
    response actions for the five fiscal years following the fiscal year 
    in which the report is submitted, and the anticipated progress in 
    implementing such response actions for the fiscal year for which the 
    budget is submitted.
        ``(G) A statement of the total costs incurred for such response 
    actions as of the date of the submission of the report.
        ``(H) A statement of the estimated cost of completing all 
    environmental restoration activities required with respect to the 
    military installation, including, where relevant, the estimated cost 
    of such activities in each of the five fiscal years following the 
    fiscal year in which the report is submitted.
        ``(I) A statement of the estimated schedule for com-P pleting 
    all environmental restoration activities at the military 
    installation.
    (b) Report on Environmental Compliance Activities.--Subsection (b) 
of section 2706 of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Report on Environmental Compliance Activities.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Congress each year, not later 
than 30 days after the date on which the President submits to the 
Congress the budget for a fiscal year, a report on the progress made by 
the Secretary in carrying out environmental compliance activities at 
military installations.
    ``(2) Each such report shall include the following:
        ``(A) A statement of the funding levels and full-time personnel 
    required for the Department of Defense to comply with applicable 
    environmental laws during the fiscal year for which the budget is 
    submitted, setting forth separately the funding levels and personnel 
    required for the Department of Defense as a whole and for each 
    military installation.
        ``(B) A statement of the funding levels and full-time personnel 
    requested for such purposes in the budget submitted by the President 
    at the same time as the report, including--
            ``(i) an explanation of any differences between the funding 
        level and personnel requirements and the funding level and 
        personnel requests in the budget; and
            ``(ii) a statement setting forth separately the funding 
        levels and full-time personnel requested for the Department of 
        Defense as a whole and for each military installation.
        ``(C) A projection of the funding levels and the number of full-
    time personnel that will be required over the five fiscal years 
    following the fiscal year in which the report is submitted for the 
    Department of Defense to comply with applicable environmental laws, 
    setting forth separately such projections for the Department of 
    Defense as a whole and for each military installation.
        ``(D) An analysis of the effect that compliance with such 
    environmental laws may have on the operations and mission 
    capabilities of the Department of Defense as a whole and of each 
    military installation.
        ``(E) A statement of the funding levels requested in the budget 
    submitted by the President at the same time as the report for 
    carrying out research, development, testing, and evaluation for 
    environmental purposes or environmental activities of the Department 
    of Defense. The statement shall set forth separately the funding 
    levels requested for the Department of Defense as a whole and for 
    each military department and Defense Agency.
        ``(F) A description of the number and duties of all current 
    full-time civilian and military personnel who carry out 
    environmental activities (including research) for the Department of 
    Defense, including a description of the organizational structure of 
    such personnel from the Secretary of Defense down to the military 
    installation level.
        ``(G) A statement of the funding levels and personnel required 
    for the Department of Defense to comply with applicable 
    environmental requirements for military installations located 
    outside the United States during the fiscal year for which the 
    budget is submitted.''.
    (c) Report on Contractor Reimbursement Costs.--Section 2706 of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Report on Contractor Reimbursement Costs.--(1) The Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Congress each year, not later than 30 
days after the date on which the President submits to the Congress the 
budget for a fiscal year, a report on payments made by the Secretary to 
defense contractors for the costs of environmental response actions.
    ``(2) Each such report shall include, for the fiscal year preceding 
the year in which the report is submitted, the following:
        ``(A) An estimate of the payments made by the Secretary to any 
    defense contractor (other than a response action contractor) for the 
    costs of environmental response actions at facilities owned or 
    operated by the defense contractor or at which the defense 
    contractor is liable in whole or in part for the environmental 
    response action.
        ``(B) A statement of the amount and current status of any 
    pending requests by any defense contractor (other than a response 
    action contractor) for payment of the costs of environmental 
    response actions at facilities owned or operated by the defense 
    contractor or at which the defense contractor is liable in whole or 
    in part for the environmental response action.''.
    (d) Definitions.--Section 2706 of such title, as amended by 
subsection (c), is further amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `defense contractor'--
            ``(A) means an entity (other than an entity referred to in 
        subparagraph (B)) that is one of the top 100 entities receiving 
        the largest dollar volume of prime contract awards by the 
        Department of Defense during the fiscal year covered by the 
        report; and
            ``(B) does not include small business concerns, commercial 
        companies (or segments of commercial companies) providing 
        commercial items to the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) The term `military installation' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 2687(e) of this title, except that such term 
    does not include a homeport facility for any ship and includes--
            ``(A) each facility or site owned by, leased to, or 
        otherwise possessed by the United States and under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense;
            ``(B) each facility or site which was under the jurisdiction 
        of the Secretary and owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed 
        by the United States at the time of actions leading to 
        contamination by hazardous substances; and
            ``(C) each facility or site at which the Secretary is 
        conducting environmental restoration activities.
        ``(3) The term `response action contractor' has the meaning 
    given such term in section 119(e)(2) of the Comprehensive 
    Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
    U.S.C. 9619(e)(2)).''.
    (e) Time of Submission of Certain Reports.--(1) A report submitted 
in 1994 under subsection (a) of section 2706 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by subsection (a), and under subsection (b) of such 
section, as amended by subsection (b), shall be submitted not later than 
March 31, 1994.
    (2) A report under subsection (c) of section 2706 of such title, as 
added by subsection (c), shall be submitted for fiscal years beginning 
with fiscal year 1993. Any such report that is submitted for fiscal year 
1993 or fiscal year 1994 shall be submitted not later than February 1, 
1995.
SEC. 1002. INDEMNIFICATION OF TRANSFEREES OF CLOSING DEFENSE PROPERTY 
FOR RELEASES OF PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM DERIVATIVES.
    Section 330 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1993 (10 U.S.C. 2687 note) is amended by striking out ``hazardous 
substance or pollutant or contaminant'' in subsections (a) and (d) and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``hazardous substance, pollutant or 
contaminant, or petroleum or petroleum derivative''.

SEC. 1003. SHIPBOARD PLASTIC AND SOLID WASTE CONTROL.

    (a) Compliance by Navy Ships with Certain Pollution Control 
Conventions.--Subsection (b)(2)(A) of section 3 of the Act to Prevent 
Pollution from Ships (33 U.S.C. 1902) is amended by striking out ``after 
5 years'' and all that follows and inserting in lieu thereof ``as 
follows:
        ``(i) After December 31, 1993, to all ships referred to in 
    paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection other than those owned or 
    operated by the Department of the Navy.
        ``(ii) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, 
    after December 31, 1998, to all ships referred to in paragraph 
    (1)(A) of this subsection other than submersibles owned or operated 
    by the Department of the Navy.
        ``(iii) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, 
    after December 31, 2008, to all ships referred to in paragraph 
    (1)(A) of this subsection.''.
    (b) Special Area Discharges.--Section 3 of such Act is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (g), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Discharges in Special Areas.--(1) Not later than December 31, 
2000, all surface ships owned or operated by the Department of the Navy, 
and not later than December 31, 2008, all submersibles owned or operated 
by the Department of the Navy, shall comply with the special area 
requirements of Regulation 5 of Annex V to the Convention.
    ``(2) Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the 
Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Transportation, and the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, submit to the 
Congress a plan for the compliance by all ships owned or operated by the 
Department of the Navy with the requirements set forth in paragraph (1) 
of this subsection. Such plan shall be submitted after opportunity for 
public participation in its preparation, and for public review and 
comment.
    ``(3) If the Navy plan for compliance demonstrates that compliance 
with the requirements set forth in paragraph (1) of this subsection is 
not technologically feasible in the case of certain ships under certain 
circumstances, the plan shall include information describing--
        ``(A) the ships for which full compliance with the requirements 
    of paragraph (1) of this subsection is not technologically feasible;
        ``(B) the technical and operational impediments to achieving 
    such compliance;
        ``(C) a proposed alternative schedule for achieving such 
    compliance as rapidly as is technologically feasible; and
        ``(D) such other information as the Secretary of the Navy 
    considers relevant and appropriate.
    ``(4) Upon receipt of the compliance plan under paragraph (2) of 
this subsection, the Congress may modify the applicability of paragraph 
(1) of this subsection, as appropriate.''.
    (c) Compliance Measures.--Section 3 of such Act is amended by 
inserting after subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection (b)(1), 
the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Compliance by Excluded Vessels.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy 
shall develop and, as appropriate, support the development of 
technologies and practices for solid waste management aboard ships owned 
or operated by the Department of the Navy, including technologies and 
practices for the reduction of the waste stream generated aboard such 
ships, that are necessary to ensure the compliance of such ships with 
Annex V to the Convention on or before the dates referred to in 
subsections (b)(2)(A) and (c)(1) of this section.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding any effective date of the application of this 
section to a ship, the provisions of Annex V to the Convention with 
respect to the disposal of plastic shall apply to ships equipped with 
plastic processors required for the long-term collection and storage of 
plastic aboard ships of the Navy upon the installation of such 
processors in such ships.
    ``(3) Except when necessary for the purpose of securing the safety 
of the ship, the health of the ship's personnel, or saving life at sea, 
it shall be a violation of this Act for a ship referred to in subsection 
(b)(1)(A) of this section that is owned or operated by the Department of 
the Navy:
        ``(A) With regard to a submersible, to discharge buoyant garbage 
    or garbage that contains more than the minimum amount practicable of 
    plastic.
        ``(B) With regard to a surface ship, to discharge plastic 
    contaminated by food during the last 3 days before the ship enters 
    port.
        ``(C) With regard to a surface ship, to discharge plastic, 
    except plastic that is contaminated by food, during the last 20 days 
    before the ship enters port.
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall publish in the Federal 
Register:
        ``(A) Beginning on October 1, 1994, and each year thereafter 
    until October 1, 2000, the amount and nature of the discharges in 
    special areas, not otherwise authorized under Annex V to the 
    Convention, during the preceding year from ships referred to in 
    subsection (b)(1)(A) of this section owned or operated by the 
    Department of the Navy.
        ``(B) Beginning on October 1, 1996, and each year thereafter 
    until October 1, 1998, a list of the names of such ships equipped 
    with plastic processors pursuant to section 1003(e) of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994.''.
    (d) Waiver Authority.--Section 3 of such Act, as amended by 
subsection (c), is further amended by inserting after subsection (e) the 
following new subsection:
    ``(f) Waiver Authority.--The President may waive the effective dates 
of the requirements set forth in subsection (c) of this section and in 
subsection 1003(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1994 if the President determines it to be in the paramount interest 
of the United States to do so. Any such waiver shall be for a period not 
in excess of one year. The President shall submit to the Congress each 
January a report on all waivers from the requirements of this section 
granted during the preceding calendar year, together with the reasons 
for granting such waivers.''.
    (e) Other Actions.--(1) Not later than October 1, 1994, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall release a request for proposals for 
equipment (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as ``plastics 
processor'') required for the long-term collection and storage of 
plastic aboard ships owned or operated by the Navy.
    (2) Not later than July 1, 1996, the Secretary shall install the 
first production unit of the plastics processor on board a ship owned or 
operated by the Navy.
    (3) Not later than March 1, 1997, the Secretary shall complete the 
installation of plastics processors on board not less than 25 percent of 
the ships owned or operated by the Navy that require plastics processors 
to comply with section 3 of the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships, as 
amended by subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section.
    (4) Not later than July 1, 1997, the Secretary shall complete the 
installation of plastics processors on board not less than 50 percent of 
the ships owned or operated by the Navy that require processors to 
comply with section 3 of such Act, as amended by subsections (a), (b), 
and (c) of this section.
    (5) Not later than July 1, 1998, the Secretary shall complete the 
installation of plastics processors on board not less than 75 percent of 
the ships owned or operated by the Navy that require processors to 
comply with section 3 of such Act, as amended by subsections (a), (b), 
and (c) of this section.
    (6) Not later than December 31, 1998, the Secretary shall complete 
the installation of plastics processors on board all ships owned or 
operated by the Navy that require processors to comply with section 3 of 
such Act, as amended by subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section.
    (f) Definition.--Section 2(a) of the Act to Prevent Pollution from 
Ships (33 U.S.C. 1901(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``and'' at the end of paragraph (8);
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new paragraph 
    (9):
        ``(9) `submersible' means a submarine, or any other vessel 
    designed to operate under water; and''.
SEC. 1004. EXTENSION OF APPLICABILITY PERIOD FOR REIMBURSEMENT FOR 
CERTAIN LIABILITIES ARISING UNDER HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTRACTS.
    Section 2708(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``and 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``through 
1996''.
SEC. 1005. PROHIBITION ON THE PURCHASE OF SURETY BONDS AND OTHER 
GUARANTIES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    No funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 1994 may be obligated or expended for the 
purchase of surety bonds or other guaranties of financial responsibility 
in order to guarantee the performance of any direct function of the 
Department of Defense.
                      TITLE XI--GENERAL PROVISIONS
                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1101. TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--(1) Upon determination by 
the Secretary of Defense that such action is necessary in the national 
interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
available to the Department of Defense in this division for fiscal year 
1994 between any such authorizations for that fiscal year (or any 
subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be 
merged with and be available for the same purposes as the authorization 
to which transferred.
    (2) The total amount of authorizations that the Secretary of Defense 
may transfer under the authority of this section may not exceed 
$2,000,000,000.
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by this section to transfer 
authorizations--
        (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that have a 
    higher priority than the items from which authority is transferred; 
    and
        (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that has 
    been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount is 
transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall promptly 
notify Congress of transfers made under the authority of this section.

SEC. 1102. CLARIFICATION OF SCOPE OF AUTHORIZATIONS.

    No funds are authorized to be appropriated under this Act for the 
Department of Justice.

SEC. 1103. INCORPORATION OF CLASSIFIED ANNEX.

    (a) Status of Classified Annex.--The Classified Annex prepared by 
the committee of conference to accompany the bill H.R. 2401 of the One 
Hundred Third Congress and transmitted to the President is hereby 
incorporated into this Act.
    (b) Construction With Other Provisions of Act.--The amounts 
specified in the Classified Annex are not in addition to amounts 
authorized to be appropriated by other provisions of this Act.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to an 
authorization contained in this Act that are made available for a 
program, project, or activity referred to in the Classified Annex may 
only be expended for that program, project, or activity in accordance 
with such terms, conditions, limitations, restrictions, and requirements 
as are set out for that program, project, or activity in the Classified 
Annex.
    (d) Distribution of Classified Annex.--The President shall provide 
for appropriate distribution of the Classified Annex, or of appropriate 
portions of the annex, within the executive branch of the Government.
SEC. 1104. REVISION OF DATE FOR SUBMITTAL OF JOINT REPORT ON SCORING OF 
BUDGET OUTLAYS.
    Section 226(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``Not later than'' and all that follows 
    through ``section 1105 of title 31'', and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``Not later than December 15 of each year''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``that budget'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``the budget to be submitted to Congress 
    in the following year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31''.
SEC. 1105. COMPTROLLER GENERAL AUDITS OF ACCEPTANCE BY DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE OF PROPERTY, SERVICES, AND CONTRIBUTIONS.
    (a) Property and Services From Foreign Countries in Connection With 
Certain Agreements.--Subsection (d) of section 2350g of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Periodic Audits by GAO.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall make periodic audits of money and property accepted under 
this section, at such intervals as the Comptroller General determines to 
be warranted. The Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report 
on the results of each such audit.''.
    (b) Defense Cooperation Account.--(1) Subsection (i) of section 2608 
of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Periodic Audits by GAO.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall make periodic audits of money and property accepted under 
this section, at such intervals as the Comptroller General determines to 
be warranted. The Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report 
on the results of each such audit.''.
    (2) The heading of such section is amended to read as follows:
``§2608. Acceptance of contributions for defense programs, 
     projects, and activities; Defense Cooperation Account''.
    (3) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 155 of such title is amended to read as 
follows:

``2608. Acceptance of contributions for defense programs, projects, and 
activities; Defense Cooperation Account.''.

SEC. 1106. LIMITATION ON TRANSFERRING DEFENSE FUNDS TO OTHER DEPARTMENTS 
AND AGENCIES.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 131 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2214 the following new section:
``§2215. Transfer of funds to other departments and agencies: 
     limitation
    ``Funds available for military functions of the Department of 
Defense may not be made available to any other department or agency of 
the Federal Government pursuant to a provision of law enacted after 
November 29, 1989, unless, not less than 30 days before such funds are 
made available to such other department or agency, the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the Committees on Armed Services and the Committees 
on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
certification that making those funds available to such other department 
or agency is in the national security interest of the United States.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2214 the 
following new item:
``2215. Transfer of funds to other departments and agencies: 
          limitation.''.

    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1604 of Public Law 101-189 (103 
Stat. 1598) is repealed.
SEC. 1107. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING DEFENSE BUDGET PROCESS.
    It is the sense of Congress that any future-years defense plan 
prepared after the date of the enactment of this Act--
        (1) should be based on an objective assessment of United States 
    national security requirements and include funding proposals at a 
    level capable of protecting and promoting the Nation's interests; 
    and
        (2) should be based on financial integrity and accountability to 
    ensure a fully funded defense program necessary to maintain a ready 
    and capable force.
SEC. 1108. FUNDING STRUCTURE FOR CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 3 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 127 the following new section:

``§127a. Expenses for contingency operations

    ``(a) Designation of National Contingency Operations.--The funding 
procedures prescribed by this section apply with respect to any 
operation involving the armed forces that is designated by the Secretary 
of Defense as a National Contingency Operation. Whenever the Secretary 
designates an operation as a National Contingency Operation, the 
Secretary shall promptly transmit notice of that designation in writing 
to Congress. This section does not provide authority for the President 
or the Secretary of Defense to carry out an operation, but applies to 
the Department of Defense mechanisms by which funds are provided for 
operations that the armed forces are required to carry out under some 
other authority.
    ``(b) Waiver of Requirement To Reimburse Support Units.--(1) When an 
operating unit of the armed forces participating in a National 
Contingency Operation receives support services from a support unit of 
the armed forces that operates through the Defense Business Operations 
Fund (or a successor fund), that operating unit need not reimburse that 
support unit for the incremental costs incurred by the support unit in 
providing such support, notwithstanding any other provision of law or 
Government accounting practice.
    ``(2) The amounts which but for paragraph (1) would be required to 
be reimbursed to a support unit shall be recorded as an expense 
attributable to the operation and shall be accounted for separately.
    ``(3) The total of the unreimbursed sums for all National 
Contingency Operations may not exceed $300,000,000 at any one time.
    ``(c) Financial Plan for Contingency Operations.--(1) Within two 
months of the beginning of any National Contingency Operation, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a financial plan for the 
operation that sets forth the manner by which the Secretary proposes to 
obtain funds for the full cost to the United States of the operation.
    ``(2) The plan shall specify in detail how the Secretary proposes to 
make the Defense Business Operations Fund (or a successor fund) whole 
again.
    ``(d) Incremental Costs.--For purposes of this section, incremental 
costs of the Department of Defense with respect to an operation are the 
costs that are directly attributable to the operation and that are 
otherwise chargeable to accounts available for operation and maintenance 
or for military personnel. Any costs which are otherwise chargeable to 
accounts available for procurement may not be considered to be 
incremental costs for purposes of this section.
    ``(e) Incremental Personnel Costs Account.--There is hereby 
established in the Department of Defense a reserve fund to be known as 
the `National Contingency Operation Personnel Fund'. Amounts in the fund 
shall be available for incremental military personnel costs attributable 
to a National Contingency Operation. Amounts in the fund remain 
available until expended.
    ``(f) Coordination With War Powers Resolution.--This section may not 
be construed as altering or superseding the War Powers Resolution. This 
section does not provide authority to conduct a National Contingency 
Operation or any other operation.
    ``(g) GAO Compliance Reviews.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall from time to time, and when requested by a committee of 
Congress, conduct a review of the defense contingency funding structure 
under this section to determine whether the Department of Defense is 
complying with the requirements and limitations of this section.
    ``(h) Definition.-- In this section, the term `National Contingency 
Operation' means a military operation that is designated by the 
Secretary of Defense as an operation the cost of which, when considered 
with the cost of other ongoing or potential military operations, is 
expected to have a negative effect on training and readiness.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 127 the 
following new item:
``127a. Expenses for contingency operations.''.

    (b) First Year Funding.--There is hereby authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 1994 to the fund established under section 
127a(e) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), the 
sum of $10,000,000.
           Subtitle B--Fiscal Year 1993 Authorization Matters
SEC. 1111. AUTHORITY FOR OBLIGATION OF CERTAIN UNAUTHORIZED FISCAL YEAR 
1993 DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) Authority.--The amounts described in subsection (b), totaling 
$5,148,730,000 may be obligated and expended for programs, projects, and 
activities of the Department of Defense in accordance with fiscal year 
1993 defense appropriations.
    (b) Covered Amounts.--The amounts referred to in subsection (a) are 
the amounts provided for programs, projects, and activities of the 
Department of Defense in fiscal year 1993 defense appropriations that 
are in excess of the amounts provided for such programs, projects, and 
activities in fiscal year 1993 defense authorizations.
    (c) Definitions.--For the purposes of this subtitle:
        (1) Fiscal year 1993 defense appropriations.--The term ``fiscal 
    year 1993 defense appropriations'' means amounts appropriated or 
    otherwise made available to the Department of Defense for fiscal 
    year 1993 in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1993 
    (Public Law 102-396).
        (2) Fiscal year 1993 defense authorizations.--The term ``fiscal 
    year 1993 defense authorizations'' means amounts authorized to be 
    appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1993 in 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public 
    Law 102-484).

SEC. 1112. OBLIGATION OF CERTAIN APPROPRIATIONS.

    In obligating amounts for fiscal year 1993 defense appropriations 
that were provided for specific non-Federal government entities (in the 
total amount of $176,450,000) for the University Research Initiatives 
program under research, development, test, and evaluation for Defense 
Agencies, the Secretary of Defense shall have the discretion to make the 
award of any grant or contract from those amounts under that program 
using merit-based selection procedures.
SEC. 1113. SUPPLEMENTAL AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 
1993.
    (a) Authorization of Supplemental Appropriations.--There is 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1993 for covering the 
incremental costs arising from Operation Restore Hope, Operation Provide 
Comfort, and Operation Southern Watch, and deficiencies in funding of 
the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services 
(CHAMPUS), and for repairing flood damage at Camp Pendleton, California, 
$1,246,928 as follows:
        (1) For Military Personnel:
            For the Navy, $7,100,000.
        (2) For Operation and Maintenance:
            (A) For the Army, $149,800,000.
            (B) For the Navy, $46,356,000.
            (C) For the Marine Corps, $122,192,000.
            (D) For the Air Force, $226,400,000.
            (E) For the Defense Agencies, $2,000,000.
            (F) For the Naval Reserve, $237,000.
            (G) For Humanitarian Assistance, $23,000,000.
            (H) For Real Property Maintenance, Defense, $29,098,000.
            (I) For the Defense Health Program, $299,900,000.
        (3) For Military Construction:
            (A) For the Navy inside the United States, $3,000,000.
            (B) For the Navy for family housing inside the United 
        States, $4,345,000.
        (4) For Working Capital Funds:
            For the Defense Business Operations Fund, $293,500,000.
    (b) National Security Education Trust Fund Obligations.--There is 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1993 from the National 
Security Education Trust Fund the amount of $10,000,000.
                   Subtitle C--Counter-Drug Activities
SEC. 1121. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES OF 
OTHER AGENCIES.
    (a) Extension of Support Authorization.--Subsection (a) of section 
1004 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 
U.S.C. 374 note) is amended by striking out ``fiscal years 1991, 1992, 
1993, and 1994,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``fiscal years 1991 
through 1995,''.
    (b) Additional Type of Support Authorized.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(10) Aerial and ground reconnaissance.''.
    (c) Funding of Support Activities.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 1994 under section 301(15) for operation 
and maintenance with respect to drug interdiction and counter-drug 
activities, $40,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Defense 
for the purposes of carrying out section 1004 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 374 note).
SEC. 1122. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH PROCEDURES FOR STATE AND LOCAL 
GOVERNMENTS TO BUY LAW ENFORCEMENT EQUIPMENT SUITABLE FOR COUNTER-DRUG 
ACTIVITIES THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 18 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§381. Procurement by State and local governments of law 
    enforcement equipment suitable for counter-drug activities through 
    the Department of Defense
    ``(a) Procedures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
procedures in accordance with this subsection under which States and 
units of local government may purchase law enforcement equipment 
suitable for counter-drug activities through the Department of Defense. 
The procedures shall require the following:
        ``(A) Each State desiring to participate in a procurement of 
    equipment suitable for counter-drug activities through the 
    Department of Defense shall submit to the Department, in such form 
    and manner and at such times as the Secretary prescribes, the 
    following:
            ``(i) A request for law enforcement equipment.
            ``(ii) Advance payment for such equipment, in an amount 
        determined by the Secretary based on estimated or actual costs 
        of the equipment and administrative costs incurred by the 
        Department.
        ``(B) A State may include in a request submitted under 
    subparagraph (A) only the type of equipment listed in the catalog 
    produced under subsection (c).
        ``(C) A request for law enforcement equipment shall consist of 
    an enumeration of the law enforcement equipment that is desired by 
    the State and units of local government within the State. The 
    Governor of a State may establish such procedures as the Governor 
    considers appropriate for administering and coordinating requests 
    for law enforcement equipment from units of local government within 
    the State.
        ``(D) A State requesting law enforcement equipment shall be 
    responsible for arranging and paying for shipment of the equipment 
    to the State and localities within the State.
    ``(2) In establishing the procedures, the Secretary of Defense shall 
coordinate with the General Services Administration and other Federal 
agencies for purposes of avoiding duplication of effort.
    ``(b) Reimbursement of Administrative Costs.--In the case of any 
purchase made by a State or unit of local government under the 
procedures established under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
shall require the State or unit of local government to reimburse the 
Department of Defense for the administrative costs to the Department of 
such purchase.
    ``(c) GSA Catalog.--The Administrator of General Services, in 
coordination with the Secretary of Defense, shall produce and maintain a 
catalog of law enforcement equipment suitable for counter-drug 
activities for purchase by States and units of local government under 
the procedures established by the Secretary under this section.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `State' includes the District of Columbia, the 
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
    Mariana Islands, and any territory or possession of the United 
    States.
        ``(2) The term `unit of local government' means any city, 
    county, township, town, borough, parish, village, or other general 
    purpose political subdivision of a State; an Indian tribe which 
    performs law enforcement functions as determined by the Secretary of 
    the Interior; or any agency of the District of Columbia government 
    or the United States Government performing law enforcement functions 
    in and for the District of Columbia or the Trust Territory of the 
    Pacific Islands.
        ``(3) The term `law enforcement equipment suitable for counter-
    drug activities' has the meaning given such term in regulations 
    prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. In prescribing the meaning 
    of the term, the Secretary may not include any equipment that the 
    Department of Defense does not procure for its own purposes.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``381. Procurement by State and local governments of law enforcement 
          equipment suitable for counter-drug activities through the 
          Department of Defense.''.

    (b) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures 
under section 381(a) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a), not later than six months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Congress a 
report on the procedures established pursuant to section 381 of title 
10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a). The report shall 
include, at a minimum, a list of the law enforcement equipment that will 
be covered under such procedures.
           Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Reserve Components
SEC. 1131. REVIEW OF AIR FORCE PLANS TO TRANSFER HEAVY BOMBERS TO 
RESERVE COMPONENTS UNITS.
    (a) Review of Air Force Plans.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
review Air Force plans to transfer certain heavy bomber units from the 
active component of the Air Force to the reserve components of the Air 
Force.
    (2) In carrying out the review, the Secretary shall consider the 
following matters:
        (A) The compatibility of Air Force plans with the relevant 
    results of the internal review of the Department of Defense (known 
    as the ``Bottom-Up Review'') being conducted during 1993 by 
    direction of the Secretary of Defense.
        (B) The effect that the transfer will have on the immediate 
    availability of substantial numbers of heavy bombers for combat 
    operations.
        (C) The levels of full-time and part-time employees that will be 
    necessary at reserve components units in order to provide adequate 
    logistics and maintenance support for intensive and sustained heavy 
    bomber operations.
        (D) The requirements for additional military construction 
    funding that will result from the transfer and relocation of heavy 
    bomber operations.
    (b) Secretary of Defense Plan Required.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of the Air Force, shall 
develop a comprehensive plan for proposed transfers of heavy bomber 
units from the active component of the Air Force to the reserve 
components of the Air Force. The plan shall cover the period beginning 
on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending January 1, 2000.
    (2) The plan shall include the following matters:
        (A) The unit designation of each active component unit from 
    which heavy bombers are to be transferred.
        (B) The unit designation of each reserve component unit to which 
    such heavy bombers are to be transferred.
        (C) The proposed date of inactivation of each active component 
    unit transferring heavy bombers.
        (D) The proposed date of activation of each reserve component 
    unit receiving heavy bombers.
        (E) The requirements at each reserve component unit receiving 
    heavy bombers for additional Armed Forces personnel and civilian 
    personnel, additional facilities for the bomber aircraft, additional 
    military construction funds other than for facilities construction, 
    additional spare parts, and additional logistics, maintenance, and 
    test equipment beyond such resources that become available by reason 
    of the inactivation of the active component unit.
    (c) Reporting Requirements.--Not later than March 31, 1994, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
        (1) a report on the results of the review required under 
    subsection (a), and
        (2) the plan required under subsection (b).
                   Subtitle E--Awards and Decorations
SEC. 1141. AWARD OF PURPLE HEART TO MEMBERS KILLED OR WOUNDED IN ACTION 
BY FRIENDLY FIRE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§1129. Purple Heart: members killed or wounded in action by 
     friendly fire
    ``(a) For purposes of the award of the Purple Heart, the Secretary 
concerned shall treat a member of the armed forces described in 
subsection (b) in the same manner as a member who is killed or wounded 
in action as the result of an act of an enemy of the United States.
    ``(b) A member described in this subsection is a member who is 
killed or wounded in action by weapon fire while directly engaged in 
armed conflict, other than as the result of an act of an enemy of the 
United States, unless (in the case of a wound) the wound is the result 
of willful misconduct of the member.
    ``(c) This section applies to members of the armed forces who are 
killed or wounded on or after December 7, 1941. In the case of a member 
killed or wounded as described in subsection (b) on or after December 7, 
1941, and before the date of the enactment of this section, the 
Secretary concerned shall award the Purple Heart under subsection (a) in 
each case which is known to the Secretary before the date of the 
enactment of this section or for which an application is made to the 
Secretary in such manner as the Secretary requires.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``1129. Purple Heart: members killed or wounded in action by friendly 
          fire.''.

SEC. 1142. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO AWARD OF THE NAVY EXPEDITIONARY 
MEDAL TO NAVY MEMBERS SUPPORTING DOOLITTLE RAID ON TOKYO.
    Congress hereby reaffirms the sense of Congress (previously 
expressed in section 1084 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2517)) that individuals 
who served in the naval service during April 1942 in Task Force 16, 
culminating in the air-raid commonly known as the ``Doolittle Raid on 
Tokyo'', should be awarded the Navy Expeditionary Medal for such service 
and urges the President or the Secretary of the Navy, as appropriate, to 
award such medal to those individuals.
SEC. 1143. AWARD OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTONS TO SURVIVORS OF SERVICE 
MEMBERS KILLED BY TERRORIST ACTS.
    (a) Eligibility.--Subsection (a) of section 1126 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``of the United States'' in the matter 
    preceding paragraph (1);
        (2) by striking out ``or'' at the end of paragraph (1);
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by redesignating clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) as 
        subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively; and
            (B) by striking out the period at the end and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``; or''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) who lost or lose their lives after March 28, 1973, as a 
    result of--
            ``(A) an international terrorist attack against the United 
        States or a foreign nation friendly to the United States, 
        recognized as such an attack by the Secretary of Defense; or
            ``(B) military operations while serving outside the United 
        States (including the commonwealths, territories, and 
        possessions of the United States) as part of a peacekeeping 
        force.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(7) The term `military operations' includes those operations 
    involving members of the armed forces assisting in United States 
    Government sponsored training of military personnel of a foreign 
    nation.
        ``(8) The term `peacekeeping force' includes those personnel 
    assigned to a force engaged in a peacekeeping operation authorized 
    by the United Nations Security Council.''.
          Subtitle F--Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements
SEC. 1151. TERMINATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS 
DETERMINED BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO BE UNNECESSARY OR INCOMPATIBLE 
WITH EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Termination of Report Requirements.--Unless otherwise provided 
by a law enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
provision of law requiring the submittal to Congress (or any committee 
of Congress) of any report specified in the list submitted under 
subsection (b) shall, with respect to that requirement, cease to be 
effective on October 30, 1995.
    (b) Preparation of List.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to Congress a list of each provision of law that, as of the date 
specified in subsection (c), imposes upon the Secretary of Defense (or 
any other officer of the Department of Defense) a reporting requirement 
described in paragraph (2). The list of provisions of law shall include 
a statement or description of the report required under each such 
provision of law.
    (2) Paragraph (1) applies to a requirement imposed by law to submit 
to Congress (or specified committees of Congress) a report on a 
recurring basis, or upon the occurrence of specified events, if the 
Secretary determines that the continued requirement to submit that 
report is unnecessary or incompatible with the efficient management of 
the Department of Defense.
    (3) The Secretary shall submit with the list an explanation, for 
each report specified in the list, of the reasons why the Secretary 
considers the continued requirement to submit the report to be 
unnecessary or incompatible with the efficient management of the 
Department of Defense.
    (c) Submission of List.--The list under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted not later than April 30, 1994.
    (d) Scope of Section.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``report'' includes a certification, notification, or other 
characterization of a communication.
    (e) Interpretation of Section.--This section does not require the 
Secretary of Defense to review each report required of the Department of 
Defense by law.
SEC. 1152. REPORTS RELATING TO CERTAIN SPECIAL ACCESS PROGRAMS AND 
SIMILAR PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--(1) Not later than February 1 of each year, the 
head of each covered department or agency shall submit to Congress a 
report on each special access program carried out in the department or 
agency.
    (2) Each such report shall set forth--
        (A) the total amount requested by the department or agency for 
    special access programs within the budget submitted under section 
    1105 of title 31, United States Code, for the fiscal year following 
    the fiscal year in which the report is submitted; and
        (B) for each program in such budget that is a special access 
    program--
            (i) a brief description of the program;
            (ii) in the case of a procurement program, a brief 
        discussion of the major milestones established for the program;
            (iii) the actual cost of the program for each fiscal year 
        during which the program has been conducted before the fiscal 
        year during which that budget is submitted; and
            (iv) the estimated total cost of the program and the 
        estimated cost of the program for (I) the current fiscal year, 
        (II) the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted, and 
        (III) each of the four succeeding fiscal years during which the 
        program is expected to be conducted.
    (b) Newly Designated Programs.--(1) Not later than February 1 of 
each year, the head of each covered department or agency shall submit to 
Congress a report that, with respect to each new special access program 
of that department or agency, provides--
        (A) notice of the designation of the program as a special access 
    program; and
        (B) justification for such designation.
    (2) A report under paragraph (1) with respect to a program shall 
include--
        (A) the current estimate of the total program cost for the 
    program; and
        (B) an identification, as applicable, of existing programs or 
    technologies that are similar to the technology, or that have a 
    mission similar to the technology, or that have a mission similar to 
    the mission, of the program that is the subject of the notice.
    (3) In this subsection, the term ``new special access program'' 
means a special access program that has not previously been covered in a 
notice and justification under this subsection.
    (c) Revision in Classification of Programs.--(1) Whenever a change 
in the classification of a special access program of a covered 
department or agency is planned to be made or whenever classified 
information concerning a special access program of a covered department 
or agency is to be declassified and made public, the head of the 
department or agency shall submit to Congress a report containing a 
description of the proposed change or the information to be 
declassified, the reasons for the proposed change or declassification, 
and notice of any public announcement planned to be made with respect to 
the proposed change or declassification.
    (2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), a report referred to in 
paragraph (1) shall be submitted not less than 14 days before the date 
on which the proposed change, declassification, or public announcement 
is to occur.
    (3) If the head of the department or agency determines that because 
of exceptional circumstances the requirement of paragraph (2) cannot be 
met with respect to a proposed change, declassification, or public 
announcement concerning a special access program of the department or 
agency, the head of the department or agency may submit the report 
required by paragraph (1) regarding the proposed change, 
declassification, or public announcement at any time before the proposed 
change, declassification, or public announcement is made and shall 
include in the report an explanation of the exceptional circumstances.
    (d) Revision of Criteria for Designating Programs.--Whenever there 
is a modification or termination of the policy and criteria used for 
designating a program of a covered department or agency as a special 
access program, the head of the department or agency shall promptly 
notify Congress of such modification or termination. Any such 
notification shall contain the reasons for the modification or 
termination and, in the case of a modification, the provisions of the 
policy as modified.
    (e) Waiver of Reporting Requirement.--(1) The head of a covered 
department or agency may waive any requirement under subsection (a), 
(b), or (c) that certain information be included in a report under that 
subsection if the head of the department or agency determines that 
inclusion of that information in the report would adversely affect the 
national security. Any such waiver shall be made on a case-by-case 
basis.
    (2) If the head of a department or agency exercises the authority 
provided under paragraph (1), the head of the department or agency shall 
provide the information described in that subsection with respect to the 
special access program concerned, and the justification for the waiver, 
to Congress.
    (f) Initiation of Programs.--A special access program may not be 
initiated by a covered department or agency until--
        (1) the appropriate oversight committees are notified of the 
    program; and
        (2) a period of 30 days elapses after such notification is 
    received.
    (g) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) Covered department or agency.--(A) Except as provided in 
    subparagraph (B), the term ``covered department or agency'' means 
    any department or agency of the Federal Government that carries out 
    a special access program.
        (B) Such term does not include--
            (i) the Department of Defense (which is required to submit 
        reports on special access programs under section 119 of title 
        10, United States Code);
            (ii) the Department of Energy, with respect to special 
        access programs carried out under the atomic energy defense 
        activities of that department (for which the Secretary of Energy 
        is required to submit reports under section 93 of the Atomic 
        Energy Act of 1954); or
            (iii) an agency in the Intelligence Community (as defined in 
        section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        401a)).
        (2) Special access program.--The term ``special access program'' 
    means any program that, under the authority of Executive Order 12356 
    (or any successor Executive order), is established by the head of a 
    department or agency whom the President has designated in the 
    Federal Register as an original ``secret'' or ``top secret'' 
    classification authority that imposes ``need-to-know'' controls or 
    access controls beyond those controls normally required (by 
    regulations applicable to such department or agency) for access to 
    information classified as ``confidential'', ``secret'', or ``top 
    secret''.
SEC. 1153. IDENTIFICATION OF SERVICE IN VIETNAM IN THE COMPUTERIZED 
INDEX OF THE NATIONAL PERSONNEL RECORDS CENTER.
    (a) Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri, such 
information and technical assistance as the Secretary considers to be 
appropriate to assist the Center in establishing an indicator in the 
computerized index of the Center that will facilitate searches for, and 
the selection of, military records of military personnel based upon 
service in a theater of operations during the Vietnam conflict.
    (b) Report on Implementation.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to Congress a report containing a plan to establish the indicator 
described in subsection (a). The Secretary shall prepare the report in 
consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Archivist of 
the United States.
    (c) Vietnam Conflict Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``Vietnam conflict'' has the meaning given that term in section 
1035(g)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 1154. REPORT ON PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTROL OF TRANSFER OF 
CERTAIN WEAPONS.
    (a) Report on Manpower Required To Implement Export Controls on 
Certain Weapons Transfers.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Energy shall submit to the committees of Congress named in subsection 
(c) a joint report on manpower required to implement export controls on 
certain weapons transfers.
    (b) Content of Report.--The report shall include the following 
matters:
        (1) A statement of the role of the Department of Defense, and a 
    statement of the role of the Department of Energy, in implementing 
    export controls on goods and technology related to nuclear, 
    chemical, and biological weapons.
        (2) A discussion of the number and skills of personnel currently 
    available in the Department of Defense and in the Department of 
    Energy to perform the respective roles of those departments.
        (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the number and skills of 
    those personnel for the effective performance of those roles.
        (4) For each of fiscal years 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 
    and 1994, the total number of Department of Defense and Department 
    of Energy full-time employees and military personnel who, in the 
    implementation of export controls on goods and technology related to 
    nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, carry out the following 
    activities of such department:
            (A) Review of private sector export license applications and 
        government-to-government cooperative activities.
            (B) Intelligence analysis and activities.
            (C) Policy coordination.
            (D) International liaison activity.
            (E) Technical review.
        (5) For each fiscal year referred to in paragraph (4), the 
    grades of the personnel referred to in that paragraph and the 
    special knowledge, experience, and expertise of those personnel that 
    enable them to carry out the activities referred to in that 
    paragraph.
        (6) An assessment of the adequacy of the staffing in each of the 
    categories specified in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph 
    (4).
        (7) Recommendations concerning measures, including any 
    legislation necessary, to eliminate any identified staffing 
    deficiencies and to improve interagency coordination with respect to 
    implementing export controls on goods and technology related to 
    nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.
        (8) All Department of Defense activities undertaken during 
    fiscal years 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993 in fulfillment of the 
    responsibilities of the Department of Defense under section 602(c) 
    of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 (Public Law 96-280; 22 
    U.S.C. 3282(c)) with respect to nuclear weapons proliferation 
    threats and the role of the department in addressing such threats.
    (c) Submission of Report.--The committees to which the report is to 
be submitted are--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
    Representatives.
    (d) Form of Report.--The report shall be submitted in unclassified 
form but may also be submitted in classified form if the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Energy consider it necessary to include 
classified information in order to satisfy fully the requirements of 
this section.
SEC. 1155. REPORT ON FOOD SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION PRACTICES OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The Defense Personnel Support Center, a component of the 
    Defense Logistics Agency, purchases more than 90 percent of the food 
    supplied to military end-users, including dining halls, hospitals, 
    and other facilities that feed troops.
        (2) Semiperishable items, such as canned goods, are stored in 
    four depots of the Defense Logistics Agency, and perishable items, 
    including fresh and frozen vegetables, fruits, and meats, are stored 
    in 21 contractor-operated Defense Subsistence Offices.
        (3) Private sector end-users, including independent restaurants, 
    hospitals, and hotels, obtain food through direct delivery from 
    commercial distributors of food.
        (4) In a comprehensive inventory reduction plan issued in May 
    1990, the Secretary of Defense concluded that there was no benefit 
    to using the food supply system of the Department of Defense in 
    circumstances in which the food requirements of the Department could 
    be met through the use of commercial distributors of food.
        (5) In a report published in June 1993, the General Accounting 
    Office determined that the Department of Defense could achieve 
    substantial cost savings by expanding the use of commercial 
    distributors of food and related commercial practices in the food 
    supply system of the Department.
    (b) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review of the 
food supply and distribution practices of the Department of Defense. The 
review shall include the following:
        (1) An evaluation of the feasibility of, and the economic 
    advantages and disadvantages of, the expanded use of full-line 
    commercial distributors of food to deliver food directly to military 
    end-users.
        (2) An evaluation of the potential for the expanded use of such 
    commercial distributors to reduce the need for the storage of food 
    (except for war reserve stocks and items bound for overseas) 
    directly by the Department of Defense and to eliminate the 
    requirement for Defense Subsistence Offices and certain warehouse 
    activities at military installations.
        (3) A comparison of the cost of using the Department of Defense 
    food supply and distribution system to meet the Department of 
    Defense food requirements with the cost of using commercial 
    distributors of food to meet such requirements.
        (4) A consideration of any obstacles that would hinder the 
    ability of the Department of Defense to procure commercial food 
    items and to institute commercial practices with respect to food 
    supply and distribution.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 1994, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the findings, 
conclusions, and recommendations of the Secretary as a result of the 
review conducted under subsection (b).
    Subtitle G--Congressional Findings, Policies, Commendations, and 
                             Commemorations
SEC. 1161. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING JUSTIFICATION FOR CONTINUING THE 
EXTREMELY LOW FREQUENCY (ELF) COMMUNICATION SYSTEM.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) There is a need to re-evaluate all defense spending in light 
    of the changed circumstances of the post-Cold War era and budget and 
    fiscal constraints.
        (2) The Extremely Low Frequency Communications System (ELF 
    System) was originally designed to play a role in the strategic 
    deterrence mission against the former Soviet Union.
        (3) The threat of nuclear war has greatly diminished since the 
    collapse of the Soviet Union.
        (4) The ELF System is increasingly in use for communications 
    with attack submarines in addition to ballistic missile submarines.
        (5) There have been questions raised about the effects of ELF 
    operations on human health and the environment and ongoing studies 
    of those effects are due to be concluded during 1994.
    (b) Evaluation and Report by Secretary of Defense.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees, before 
consideration by Congress of the fiscal year 1995 defense budget, a 
report containing the results of an evaluation of the benefits and costs 
of continued operation of the Extremely Low Frequency Communications 
System and the benefits and costs of any alternatives to that system. 
The report shall be based upon an evaluation conducted by the Secretary 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the bases 
at which the Extremely Low Frequency Communication System is located, 
having been considered for closure or realignment in the 1993 base 
closure process, should again be considered for closure or realignment 
in the round of military base closures to take place in 1995.
SEC. 1162. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF NAVAL 
OCEANOGRAPHIC SURVEY AND RESEARCH IN THE POST-COLD WAR PERIOD.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Oceanographic research and survey work is a critical element 
    to the ability of the Navy to conduct successful operations in 
    littoral waters of the world.
        (2) Over the five-year period of fiscal years 1989 through 1993, 
    the Navy experienced a significant diminution in its oceanographic 
    research and survey capability due to budget reductions that 
    resulted in (A) a reduction in the level of effort for Navy 
    oceanographic research and survey activities by almost 50 percent, 
    and (B) a reduction from 12 to 7 in the number of Navy ships 
    dedicated to oceanographic survey and research activities.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) reductions in the funding, activities, and capability of the 
    Navy to conduct oceanographic survey and research work, in addition 
    to the reductions referred to in subsection (a)(2), would further 
    reduce the level of oceanographic survey and research work of the 
    Navy and should be avoided; and
        (2) funding for oceanographic survey and research activities of 
    the Navy should be maintained at levels sufficient to ensure that 
    the Navy can exploit every opportunity to survey and research 
    littoral waters critical to the operational needs of the Navy.
SEC. 1163. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING UNITED STATES POLICY ON 
PLUTONIUM.
    (a) Finding.--The Congress finds that reprocessing spent nuclear 
fuel referred to in subsection (c) to recover plutonium may pose serious 
environmental hazards and increase the risk of proliferation of weapons-
usable plutonium.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that the 
President should take action to encourage the reduction or cessation of 
the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel referred to in subsection (c) to 
recover plutonium until the environmental and proliferation concerns 
related to such reprocessing are resolved.
    (c) Covered Spent Nuclear Fuel.--The spent nuclear fuel referred to 
in subsections (a) and (b) is spent nuclear fuel used in a commercial 
nuclear power reactor by the Government of a foreign country or by a 
foreign-owned or foreign-controlled entity.
SEC. 1164. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES OF CERTAIN 
FORMER MEMBERS OF THE IRAQI ARMED FORCES.
    It is the sense of the Senate that no person who was a member of the 
armed forces of Iraq during the period from August 2, 1990, through 
February 28, 1991, and who is in a refugee camp in Saudi Arabia as of 
the date of enactment of this Act should be granted entry into the 
United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act unless the 
President certifies to Congress before such entry that such person--
        (1) assisted the United States or coalition armed forces after 
    defection from the armed forces of Iraq or after capture by the 
    United States or coalition armed forces; and
        (2) did not commit or assist in the commission of war crimes.
SEC. 1165. U.S.S. INDIANAPOLIS MEMORIAL, INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) On July 30, 1945, during the closing days of World War II, 
    the U.S.S. Indianapolis (CA-35) was sunk as a result of a torpedo 
    attack on that ship.
        (2) The memorial to the U.S.S. Indianapolis (CA-35) to be 
    located on the east bank of the Indianapolis water canal in downtown 
    Indianapolis, Indiana, will honor the personal sacrifice of the 
    1,197 servicemen who were aboard the U.S.S. Indianapolis (CA-35) on 
    that day, 881 of whom died as one of the greatest single combat 
    losses suffered by the United States Navy in World War II.
        (3) The memorial will pay fitting tribute to that gallant ship 
    and her final crew and will forever commemorate the place of the 
    U.S.S. Indianapolis in United States Navy history as the last major 
    ship lost in World War II.
        (4) The memorial to the U.S.S. Indianapolis symbolizes the 
    devoted service of the United States Navy and Marine Corps 
    personnel, particularly those who lost their lives at sea in the 
    Pacific Theater during World War II, whose dedication and sacrifice 
    in the cause of liberty and freedom were instrumental in the triumph 
    of the United States and its allies in that war.
        (5) The citizens of the United States have a continuing 
    obligation to educate future generations about the military and 
    other historic endeavors of the United States.
    (b) Recognition as a National Memorial.--The memorial to the U.S.S. 
Indianapolis (CA-35) in Indianapolis, Indiana, is hereby recognized as 
the national memorial to the U.S.S. Indianapolis (CA-35) and to the 
final crew of that historic warship.
                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 1171. PROCEDURES FOR HANDLING WAR BOOTY.

    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 153 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§2579. War booty: procedures for handling and retaining 
     battlefield objects
    ``(a) Policy.--The United States recognizes that battlefield 
souvenirs have traditionally provided military personnel with a valued 
memento of service in a national cause. At the same time, it is the 
policy and tradition of the United States that the desire for souvenirs 
in a combat theater not blemish the conduct of combat operations or 
result in the mistreatment of enemy personnel, the dishonoring of the 
dead, distraction from the conduct of operations, or other unbecoming 
activities.
    ``(b) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations for the handling of battlefield objects that are consistent 
with the policies expressed in subsection (a) and the requirements of 
this section.
    ``(2) When forces of the United States are operating in a theater of 
operations, enemy material captured or found abandoned shall be turned 
over to appropriate United States or allied military personnel except as 
otherwise provided in such regulations. A member of the armed forces (or 
other person under the authority of the armed forces in a theater of 
operations) may not (except in accordance with such regulations) take 
from a theater of operations as a souvenir an object formerly in the 
possession of the enemy.
    ``(3) Such regulations shall provide that a member of the armed 
forces who wishes to retain as a souvenir an object covered by paragraph 
(2) may so request at the time the object is turned over pursuant to 
paragraph (2).
    ``(4) Such regulations shall provide for an officer to be designated 
to review requests under paragraph (3). If the officer determines that 
the object may be appropriately retained as a war souvenir, the object 
shall be turned over to the member who requested the right to retain it.
    ``(5) Such regulations shall provide for captured weaponry to be 
retained as souvenirs, as follows:
        ``(A) The only weapons that may be retained are those in 
    categories to be agreed upon jointly by the Secretary of Defense and 
    the Secretary of the Treasury.
        ``(B) Before a weapon is turned over to a member, the weapon 
    shall be rendered unserviceable.
        ``(C) A charge may be assessed in connection with each weapon in 
    an amount sufficient to cover the full cost of rendering the weapon 
    unserviceable.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2579. War booty: procedures for handling and retaining battlefield 
          objects.''.

    (b) Initial Regulations.--The initial regulations required by 
section 2579 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall be prescribed not later than 270 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act. Such regulations shall specifically address the 
following, consistent with section 2579 of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a):
        (1) The general procedures for collection and disposition of 
    weapons and other enemy material.
        (2) The criteria and procedures for evaluation and disposition 
    of enemy material for intelligence, testing, or other military 
    purposes.
        (3) The criteria and procedures for determining when retention 
    of enemy material by an individual or a unit in the theater of 
    operations may be appropriate.
        (4) The criteria and procedures for disposition of enemy 
    material to a unit or other Department of Defense entity as a 
    souvenir.
        (5) The criteria and procedures for disposition of enemy 
    material to an individual as an individual souvenir.
        (6) The criteria and procedures for determining when 
    demilitarization or the rendering unserviceable of firearms is 
    appropriate.
        (7) The criteria and procedures necessary to ensure that 
    servicemembers who have obtained battlefield souvenirs in a manner 
    consistent with military customs, traditions, and regulations have a 
    reasonable opportunity to obtain possession of such souvenirs, 
    consistent with the needs of the service.

SEC. 1172. BASING FOR C-130 AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall determine the unit assignment 
and basing location for any C-130 aircraft procured for the Air Force 
Reserve from funds appropriated for National Guard and Reserve Equipment 
procurement for fiscal year 1992 or 1993 in such manner as the Secretary 
determines to be in the best interest of the Air Force.

SEC. 1173. TRANSPORTATION OF CARGOES BY WATER.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 157 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2631 the following new section:
``§2631a. Contingency planning: sealift and related intermodal 
     transportation requirements
    ``(a) Consideration of Private Capabilities.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that all studies and reports of the Department of 
Defense, and all actions taken in the Department of Defense, concerning 
sealift and related intermodal transportation requirements take into 
consideration the full range of the transportation and distribution 
capabilities that are available from operators of privately owned United 
States flag merchant vessels.
    ``(b) Private Capacities Presentations.--The Secretary shall afford 
each operator of a vessel referred to in subsection (a), not less often 
than annually, an opportunity to present to the Department of Defense 
information on its port-to-port and intermodal transportation 
capacities.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2631 the following new item:

``2631a. Contingency planning: sealift and related intermodal 
transportation requirements.''.

SEC. 1174. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT NATIONAL GUARD CIVILIAN 
YOUTH OPPORTUNITIES PROGRAM.
    (a) Location of Program.--Subsection (c) of section 1091 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-
484; 32 U.S.C. 501 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Conduct of the Program.--The Secretary of Defense may provide 
for the conduct of the pilot program in such States as the Secretary 
considers to be appropriate.''.
    (b) Definition of State.--Subsection (l) of such section is amended 
by striking out paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following new paragraph:
        ``(2) The term `State' includes the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
    the territories (as defined in section 101(1) of title 32, United 
    States Code), and the District of Columbia.''.
    (c) Program Agreements.--Subsection (d)(3) of such section is 
amended by striking out ``reimburse'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``provide funds to''.
SEC. 1175. EFFECTIVE DATE FOR CHANGES IN SERVICEMEN'S GROUP LIFE 
INSURANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Use of International Date Line.--Section 1967 of title 38, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(f) The effective date and time for any change in benefits under 
the Servicemen's Group Life Insurance Program shall be based on the date 
and time according to the time zone immediately west of the 
International Date Line.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to amendments to chapter 19 of title 38, United 
States Code, that take effect after November 29, 1992.
SEC. 1176. ELIGIBILITY OF FORMER PRISONERS OF WAR FOR BURIAL IN 
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.
    (a) Eligibility for Burial.--Former prisoners of war described in 
subsection (b) are eligible for burial in Arlington National Cemetery, 
Arlington, Virginia.
    (b) Eligible Former POWs.--A former prisoner of war referred to in 
subsection (a) is a former prisoner of war--
        (1) who dies on or after the date of the enactment of this Act; 
    and
        (2) who, while a prisoner of war, served honorably in the active 
    military, naval, or air service, as determined under regulations 
    prescribed by the Secretary of the military department concerned.
    (c) Savings Provision.--This section may not be construed to make 
ineligible for burial in Arlington National Cemetery a former prisoner 
of war who is eligible to be buried in that cemetery under another 
provision of law.
    (d) Regulations.--This section shall be carried out under 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army. Those regulations 
may prescribe a minimum period of internment as a prisoner of war for 
purposes of eligibility under this section for burial in Arlington 
National Cemetery.
    (e) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``former prisoner of war'' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 101(32) of title 38, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``active military, naval, or air service'' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 101(24) of such title.
SEC. 1177. REDESIGNATION OF HANFORD ARID LANDS ECOLOGY RESERVE.
    (a) Redesignation.--The Hanford Arid Lands Ecology Reserve in 
Richland, Washington, is redesignated as the ``Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid 
Lands Ecology Reserve''.
    (b) Legal References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, 
document, record, map, or other paper of the United States to the 
ecology reserve referred to in subsection (a) is deemed to be a 
reference to the ``Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve''.

SEC. 1178. AVIATION LEADERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
        (1) The training in the United States of pilots from the air 
    forces of friendly foreign nations furthers the interests of the 
    United States, promotes closer relations with such nations, and 
    advances the national security.
        (2) Many friendly foreign nations cannot afford to reimburse the 
    United States for the cost of such training.
        (3) It is in the interest of the United States that the 
    Secretary of the Air Force establish a program to train in the 
    United States pilots from the air forces of friendly, less developed 
    foreign nations.
    (b) Establishment of Program.--Part III of subtitle D of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 903 the 
following new chapter:

               ``CHAPTER 905--AVIATION LEADERSHIP PROGRAM

``Sec.
``9381. Establishment of program.
``9382. Supplies and clothing.
``9383. Allowances.

``§9381. Establishment of program

    ``Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of the Air Force may establish and maintain an Aviation 
Leadership Program to provide undergraduate pilot training and necessary 
related training to personnel of the air forces of friendly, less-
developed foreign nations. Training under this chapter shall include 
language training and programs to promote better awareness and 
understanding of the democratic institutions and social framework of the 
United States.

``§9382. Supplies and clothing

    ``(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may, under such conditions as 
the Secretary may prescribe, provide to a person receiving training 
under this chapter--
        ``(1) transportation incident to the training;
        ``(2) supplies and equipment to be used during the training;
        ``(3) flight clothing and other special clothing required for 
    the training; and
        ``(4) billeting, food, and health services.
    ``(b) The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize such expenditures 
from the appropriations of the Air Force as the Secretary considers 
necessary for the efficient and effective maintenance of the Program in 
accordance with this chapter.

``§9383. Allowances

    ``The Secretary of the Air Force may pay to a person receiving 
training under this chapter a living allowance at a rate to be 
prescribed by the Secretary, taking into account the amount of living 
allowances authorized for a member of the armed forces under similar 
circumstances.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The tables of chapters at the beginning of 
subtitle D of title 10, United States Code, and at the beginning of part 
III of such subtitle are each amended by inserting after the item 
relating to chapter 903 the following new item:

``905. Aviation Leadership Program................................


                                                                 9381''.

SEC. 1179. ADMINISTRATIVE IMPROVEMENTS IN THE GOLDWATER SCHOLARSHIP AND 
EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Terms of Office of Foundation Members.--Section 1404(c)(1) of 
the Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Act (20 
U.S.C. 4703(c)(1)) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``, and'' at the end of subparagraph (A) and 
    inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon;
        (2) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph (B) 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C) notwithstanding the term limitation provided for under 
    this paragraph, a member appointed under subsection (b) may continue 
    to serve under such appointment until the successor to the member is 
    appointed.''.
    (b) Lease Authority.--Section 1411(a)(7) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
4710(a)(7)) is amended by striking out ``the District of Columbia'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``the Washington, District of Columbia, 
metropolitan area''.
SEC. 1180. TRANSFER OF OBSOLETE DESTROYER TENDER YOSEMITE.
    (a) Authority.--Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (c) of section 
7308 of title 10, United States Code, but subject to subsection (b) of 
that section, the Secretary of the Navy may transfer the obsolete 
destroyer tender Yosemite to the nonprofit organization Ships at Sea for 
education and drug rehabilitation purposes.
    (b) Limitations.--The transfer authorized by section (a) may be made 
only if the Secretary determines that the vessel Yosemite is of no 
further use to the United States for national security purposes.
    (c) Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require such terms and 
conditions in connection with the transfer authorized by this section as 
the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1181. TRANSFER OF OBSOLETE HEAVY CRUISER U.S.S. SALEM.
    (a) Transfer Without Regard to Notice and Wait Requirements.--
Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (c) of section 7308 of title 10, 
United States Code, but subject to subsection (b) of that section, the 
Secretary of the Navy, upon making the determinations described in 
subsection (b) of this section, may transfer the obsolete heavy cruiser 
U.S.S. Salem (CA-139) to the United States Naval Shipbuilding Museum, 
Quincy, Massachusetts.
    (b) Determinations Required.--The transfer referred to in subsection 
(a) may be made only if the Secretary of the Navy determines--
        (1) by appropriate tests, including tests administered by the 
    Environmental Protection Agency, that the U.S.S. Salem is in 
    environmentally safe condition;
        (2) that the museum referred to in subsection (a) has adequate 
    financial resources to maintain the cruiser in a condition 
    satisfactory to the Secretary; and
        (3) the U.S.S. Salem is of no further use to the United States 
    for national security purposes.
    (c)  Terms and Conditions.--(1) In exercising the authority provided 
in subsection (a), the Secretary shall deliver the vessel--
        (A) at the place where the vessel is located on the date of the 
    conveyance;
        (B) in its condition on that date; and
        (C) at no cost to the United States.
    (2) The Secretary may require such additional terms and conditions 
in connection with the transfer authorized by this section as the 
Secretary considers appropriate.

SEC. 1182. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Miscellaneous Amendments To Title 10, United States Code.--Title 
10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 401 is amended by striking out subsection (f).
        (2) Section 1408 is amended--
            (A) in subsections (b)(1)(A), (f)(1), and (f)(2), by 
        striking out ``subsection (h)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``subsection (i)''; and
            (B) in subsection (h)(4)(B), by inserting ``of'' after ``of 
        that termination''.
        (3) Section 1605(a) is amended by striking out ``(50 U.S.C. 403 
    note)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(50 U.S.C. 2153)''.
        (4) Section 1804(b)(1) is amended by striking out ``his or her'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``the volunteer's''.
        (5) Section 2305(b)(4)(A) is amended by realigning clauses (i) 
    and (ii) so that they are indented two ems from the left margin.
        (6) Subsections (a), (e), and (g) of section 2371 are amended by 
    striking out ``Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``Advanced Research Projects Agency''.
        (7) Section 2469 is amended by striking out ``, prior to any 
    such change,''.
        (8)(A) Section 2490a is transferred to the end of chapter 165, 
    redesignated as section 2783, and amended--
            (i) in subsection (b)(2)--
                (I) by striking out ``title 10, United States Code'' and 
            inserting in lieu thereof ``this title'';
                (II) by striking out the comma after ``Justice)''; and
                (III) by striking out ``of such title'' and inserting in 
            lieu thereof ``of this title''; and
            (ii) in subsection (c)(1), by striking out ``Armed Forces'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``armed forces''.
        (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 147 is 
    amended by striking out the item relating to section 2490a.
        (C) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 165 is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2783. Nonappropriated fund instrumentalities: financial management and 
use of nonappropriated funds.''.

        (9) Section 2491 is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``nonmilitary 
        application'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``nonmilitary 
        applications''; and
            (B) in paragraph (8), by striking out ``subsection (f)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (b)(4)''.
        (10) Section 2501(b)(2) is amended by striking out ``and thereby 
    free up capital'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``that, by reducing 
    the public sector demand for capital, increases the amount of 
    capital available''.
        (11) Section 2771 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking out ``who dies after 
        December 31, 1955''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking out ``for the'' in the 
        second sentence and all that follows through the period and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``for the uniformed services.''.
        (12) Section 9315 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b), by striking out ``Air Training 
        Command'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Air Education and 
        Training Command''; and
            (B) in subsection (c), by striking out ``Air Force Training 
        Command'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Air Education and 
        Training Command of the Air Force''.
    (b) Subsection Headings.--
        (1) Section 2507 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Authority.--'' after 
        ``(a)'';
            (B) in subsection (b), by inserting ``Condition for Use of 
        Authority.--'' after ``(b)'';
            (C) in subsection (c), by inserting ``Penalty for 
        Noncompliance.--'' after ``(c)'';
            (D) in subsection (d), by inserting ``Limitations on 
        Disclosure of Information.--'' after ``(d)'';
            (E) in subsection (e), by inserting ``Regulations.--'' after 
        ``(e)''; and
            (F) in subsection (f), by inserting ``Definitions.--'' after 
        ``(f)''.
        (2) Section 2523 of such title is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Use of Programs.--'' 
        after ``(a)''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking out ``(b)(1)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``(b) Program Requirements.--(1)''.
    (c) Amendments to Public Law 102-484.--Public Law 102-484 is amended 
as follows:
        (1) Section 1051(b)(2) (106 Stat. 2498) is amended--
            (A) by striking out ```section 101(47) of title 10,''' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ```section 101(47) of title 10'''; and
            (B) by striking out ```section 101 of title 10,''' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ```section 101 of title 10'''.
        (2) Section 1313(2) (106 Stat. 2548) is amended, effective as of 
    October 23, 1992, by striking out ```structure and''' and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ```structure, and'''.
        (3) Section 1365 (106 Stat. 2561) is amended by striking out 
    ``(e) Definition.--'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(d) 
    Definition.--''.
        (4) Section 1441 (106 Stat. 2566) is amended in the matter 
    preceding paragraph (1) by striking out ``the FREEDOM Support Act of 
    1992'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the Freedom for Russia and 
    Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 
    (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3345; 22 U.S.C. 5861)''.
        (5) Section 1505(e)(2) (106 Stat. 2571) is amended by striking 
    out ``(d)(2)'' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``(d)(4)''.
        (6) Section 1828 (106 Stat. 2585; 36 U.S.C. 5108) is amended by 
    striking out ``board of the directors'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``board of directors''.
    (d) Cross Reference Amendments in Other Laws.--
        (1) Effective as of December 19, 1991, section 12 of the Coast 
    Guard Authorization Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-241; 105 Stat. 2213) 
    is amended by striking out ``Section 406(b)(2)(E) of title 37,'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``Section 406(b)(1)(E) of title 37,''.
        (2) Section 3(c)(2) of Public Law 101-533 (22 U.S.C. 3142) is 
    amended by striking out ``section 2522 of title 10'' and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ``section 2506 of title 10''.
        (3) Section 109(17) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 
    U.S.C. App.) is amended by striking out ``section 101(8) of title 
    10'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 101(a)(9) of title 
    10''.
        (4) Section 179(a)(2)(B) of the National and Community Service 
    Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12639(a)(4)) is amended by striking out 
    ``section 101(4) of title 10,'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``section 101(a)(4) of title 10,''.
    (e) Reorganization of Title 10 Provision.--Section 1401a(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu thereof 
    the following:
        ``(2) Pre-august 1, 1986 members.--
            ``(A) General rule.--The Secretary shall increase the 
        retired pay of each member and former member who first became a 
        member of a uniformed service before August 1, 1986, by the 
        percent (adjusted to the nearest one-tenth of 1 percent) by 
        which--
                ``(i) the price index for the base quarter of that year, 
            exceeds
                ``(ii) the base index.
            ``(B) Special rules for fiscal years 1994 through 1998.--
                ``(i) Fiscal year 1994.--In the case of an increase in 
            retired pay that, pursuant to paragraph (1), becomes 
            effective on December 1, 1993, the initial month for which 
            such increase is payable as part of such retired pay shall 
            (notwithstanding such December 1 effective date) be March 
            1994.
                ``(ii) Fiscal years 1995 through 1998.--In the case of 
            an increase in retired pay that, pursuant to paragraph (1), 
            becomes effective on December 1 of 1994, 1995, 1996, or 
            1997, the initial month for which such increase is payable 
            as part of such retired pay shall (notwithstanding such 
            December 1 effective date) be September of the following 
            year.
            ``(C) Inapplicability to disability retirees.--Subparagraph 
        (B) does not apply with respect to the retired pay of a member 
        retired under chapter 61 of this title.''; and
        (2) by striking out paragraph (6).
    (f) Extension of Authority for Payments for Leave Accrued and Lost 
by Korean Conflict Prisoners of War.--Section 554 of Public Law 102-190 
(105 Stat. 1371) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``and who submits a request for such 
        payment to the Secretary not later than September 30, 1993'' in 
        the first sentence after ``prisoner of war''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or fiscal year 1994'' in the second 
        sentence after ``fiscal year 1993''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking out ``not later than 
    September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``not later than 
    September 30, 1994''.
    (g) Corrections of Amendments Made by Public Law 102-484.--Title 10, 
United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 2031(a)(1) is amended by striking out ``Not more 
    than 200 units may be established by all of the military departments 
    each year, and the'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``The''.
        (2) Section 2513(c)(2)(B)(ii) is amended by striking out ``two'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``one'';
    (h) Coordination With Other Provisions of Act.--For purposes of 
applying the amendments made by provisions of this Act other than this 
section, this section shall be treated as having been enacted 
immediately before the other provisions of this Act.
SEC. 1183. SECURITY CLEARANCES FOR CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Review of Security Clearance Procedures.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall conduct a review of the procedural safeguards available to 
Department of Defense civilian employees who are facing denial or 
revocation of security clearances.
    (2) Such review shall specifically consider--
        (A) whether the procedural rights provided to Department of 
    Defense civilian employees should be enhanced to include the 
    procedural rights available to Department of Defense contractor 
    employees;
        (B) whether the procedural rights provided to Department of 
    Defense civilian employees should be enhanced to include the 
    procedural rights available to similarly situated employees in those 
    Government agencies that provide greater rights than the Department 
    of Defense; and
        (C) whether there should be a difference between the rights 
    provided to both Department of Defense civilian and contractor 
    employees with respect to security clearances and the rights 
    provided with respect to sensitive compartmented information and 
    special access programs.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
results of the review required by subsection (a) not later than March 1, 
1994.
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary shall revise the regulations 
governing security clearance procedures for Department of Defense 
civilian employees not later than May 15, 1994.

SEC. 1184. VIDEOTAPING OF INVESTIGATIVE INTERVIEWS.

    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 301 
of this Act, $2,500,000 shall be available for use in connection with 
videotaping of interviews conducted in the course of Department of 
Defense investigations.
SEC. 1185. INVESTIGATIONS OF DEATHS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FROM 
SELF-INFLICTED CAUSES.
    (a) Secretary of Defense To Review Death Investigation Procedures.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall review the procedures of the military 
departments for investigating deaths of members of the Armed Forces that 
may have resulted from self-inflicted causes. The Secretary shall 
complete the review not later than June 30, 1994.
    (2) Not later than July 15, 1994, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on the results of such review. The report may include any 
recommendations for legislation that the Secretary considers 
appropriate.
    (3) Not later than October 1, 1994, the Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations governing the investigation of deaths of members of the 
Armed Forces that may have resulted from self-inflicted causes. The 
regulations shall include a date by which the Secretaries of the 
military departments are required to implement the regulations.
    (b) Inspector General To Review Certain Death Investigations.--(1) 
Upon a request that meets the requirements of paragraph (3), the 
Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall review each 
investigation conducted by a Department of Defense investigative 
organization of the death of a member of the Armed Forces who, while 
serving on active duty during the period described in paragraph (2), 
died from a cause determined to be self-inflicted.
    (2) The period referred to in paragraph (1) is the period that--
        (A) begins on January 1, 1982; and
        (B) ends on the date specified in the regulations prescribed 
    under subsection (a)(3) as the deadline for the implementation of 
    such regulations by the Secretaries of the military departments.
    (3) Any of the family members of a member of the Armed Forces 
referred to in paragraph (1) may request a review under paragraph (1). 
The request must be received by the Secretary of the military department 
concerned not later than one year after the date referred to in 
paragraph (2)(B) and shall contain or describe specific evidence of a 
material deficiency in the previous investigation.
    (4) If the Inspector General determines that a previous 
investigation of a death was deficient in a material respect, the 
Inspector General shall conduct any additional investigation that the 
Inspector General considers necessary to determine the cause of that 
death.
    (5) The Inspector General shall submit to the Secretary of the 
military department concerned a report on the results of each review 
conducted under paragraph (1) and each additional investigation 
conducted under paragraph (4) as a result of that review.
    (6) The Secretary of the military department concerned, consistent 
with other applicable law, shall take such corrective actions with 
regard to matters contained in the report as the Secretary considers 
appropriate.
    (7) To the same extent that fatality reports may be furnished to 
family members under section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2508; 10 U.S.C. 
113 note), the Inspector General, after consultation with the Secretary 
of the military department concerned, shall provide a copy of the 
Inspector General's report on the review of a death investigation to 
each of the family members who requested the review.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``active duty'' has the meaning given such term in 
    section 101(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``family members'' has the meaning given such term 
    in section 1072(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2510; 10 U.S.C. 133 
    note).
    (d) Applicability to Coast Guard.--The Secretary of Transportation 
shall implement with respect to the Coast Guard the requirements that 
are imposed by this section on the Secretary of Defense and the 
Inspector General of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 1186. EXPORT LOAN GUARANTEES.

    (a) Authority to Provide Loan Guarantees.--Subject to subsection (b) 
and subject to the availability of appropriations for this purpose, the 
President may carry out a program to issue guarantees during fiscal year 
1994 against the risk of nonpayment arising out of loan financing of the 
sale of defense articles and defense services to any member nation of 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (other than the United States), 
Israel, Australia, Japan, or the Republic of Korea. The aggregate amount 
guaranteed under this section in such fiscal year may not exceed 
$1,000,000,000.
    (b) Certification of Intent to Use Authority.--The President may not 
issue guarantees under the loan guarantee program unless, not later than 
the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the President certifies to Congress that--
        (1) the President intends to issue loan guarantees under the 
    loan guarantee program;
        (2) the exercise of the authority provided under the program is 
    consistent with the objectives of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
    U.S.C. 2751 et seq.); and
        (3) the exercise of the authority provided under the program is 
    consistent with the policy of the United States regarding 
    conventional arms sales and nonproliferation goals.
    (c) Prohibition on Use of Certain Funds.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated in this Act and made available for defense 
conversion, reinvestment, and transition assistance programs (as defined 
in section 1302(c)) may be used to finance the subsidy cost of loan 
guarantees issued under this section.
    (d) Terms and Conditions.--(1) In issuing guarantees under the loan 
guarantee program for medium- and long-term loans for sales of defense 
articles or defense services, the President may not offer terms and 
conditions more beneficial than would be provided by the Export-Import 
Bank of the United States under similar circumstances in conjunction 
with the provision of guarantees for nondefense articles and services.
    (2) The issuance of loan guarantees for exports under the loan 
guarantee program shall be subject to all United States Government 
review procedures for arms sales to foreign governments and shall be 
consistent with United States policy on arms sales to those nations 
referred to in subsection (a).
    (e) Subsidy Cost and Funding.--(1) There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 1994, $25,000,000 for the subsidy cost of 
the loan guarantees issued under this section.
    (2) Funds authorized to be available for the Export-Import Bank of 
the United States may not be used for the execution of the loan 
guarantee program.
    (f) Executive Agency.--The Department of Defense shall be the 
executive agency responsible for administration of the loan guarantee 
program unless the President, in consultation with Congress, designates 
another department or agency to implement the program. Applications for 
guarantees issued under this section shall be submitted to the Secretary 
of Defense, who may make such arrangements as are necessary with other 
departments or agencies to process the applications and otherwise to 
implement the loan guarantee program.
    (g) Fees Charged and Collected.--A fee shall be charged for each 
guarantee issued under the loan guarantee program. All fees collected in 
connection with guarantees issued under the program under this section 
shall be available to offset the cost of guarantee obligations under the 
program. All of the fees collected under this subsection, together with 
earnings on those fees and other income arising from guarantee 
operations under the program, shall be held in a financing account 
maintained in the Treasury of the United States. All funds in such 
account may be invested in obligations of the United States. Any 
interest or other receipts derived from such investments shall be 
credited to such account and may be used for the purposes of the 
program.
    (h) National Security Council Review Process.--In addition to the 
interagency review process for arms sales to foreign governments 
referred to in subsection (d)(2), the National Security Council shall 
review each proposed sale for which a guarantee is proposed to be issued 
under the loan guarantee program to determine whether the sale is in 
accord with United States security interests, that it contributes to 
collective defense burden sharing, and that it is consistent with United 
States nonproliferation goals.
    (i) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the terms ``defense 
article'', ``defense service'', and ``defense articles and defense 
services'' have the meanings given those terms in section 47 of the Arms 
Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794).
  TITLE XII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION WITH STATES OF FORMER SOVIET 
                                  UNION

SEC. 1201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Cooperative Threat Reduction Act of 
1993''.

SEC. 1202. FINDINGS ON COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION.

    The Congress finds that it is in the national security interest of 
the United States for the United States to do the following:
        (1) Facilitate, on a priority basis, the transportation, 
    storage, safeguarding, and elimination of nuclear and other weapons 
    of the independent states of the former Soviet Union, including--
            (A) the safe and secure storage of fissile materials derived 
        from the elimination of nuclear weapons;
            (B) the dismantlement of (i) intercontinental ballistic 
        missiles and launchers for such missiles, (ii) submarine-
        launched ballistic missiles and launchers for such missiles, and 
        (iii) heavy bombers; and
            (C) the elimination of chemical, biological and other 
        weapons capabilities.
        (2) Facilitate, on a priority basis, the prevention of 
    proliferation of weapons (and components of weapons) of mass 
    destruction and destabilizing conventional weapons of the 
    independent states of the former Soviet Union and the establishment 
    of verifiable safeguards against the proliferation of such weapons 
    and components.
        (3) Facilitate, on a priority basis, the prevention of diversion 
    of weapons-related scientific expertise of the independent states of 
    the former Soviet Union to terrorist groups or third world 
    countries.
        (4) Support (A) the demilitarization of the defense-related 
    industry and equipment of the independent states of the former 
    Soviet Union, and (B) the conversion of such industry and equipment 
    to civilian purposes and uses.
        (5) Expand military-to-military and defense contacts between the 
    United States and the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
SEC. 1203. AUTHORITY FOR PROGRAMS TO FACILITATE COOPERATIVE THREAT 
REDUCTION.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
President may conduct programs described in subsection (b) to assist the 
independent states of the former Soviet Union in the demilitarization of 
the former Soviet Union. Any such program may be carried out only to the 
extent that the President determines that the program will directly 
contribute to the national security interests of the United States.
    (b) Authorized Programs.--The programs referred to in subsection (a) 
are the following:
        (1) Programs to facilitate the elimination, and the safe and 
    secure transportation and storage, of nuclear, chemical, and other 
    weapons and their delivery vehicles.
        (2) Programs to facilitate the safe and secure storage of 
    fissile materials derived from the elimination of nuclear weapons.
        (3) Programs to prevent the proliferation of weapons, weapons 
    components, and weapons-related technology and expertise.
        (4) Programs to expand military-to-military and defense 
    contacts.
        (5) Programs to facilitate the demilitarization of defense 
    industries and the conversion of military technologies and 
    capabilities into civilian activities.
        (6) Programs to assist in the environmental restoration of 
    former military sites and installations when such restoration is 
    necessary to the demilitarization or conversion programs authorized 
    in paragraph (5).
        (7) Programs to provide housing for former military personnel of 
    the former Soviet Union released from military service in connection 
    with the dismantlement of strategic nuclear weapons, when provision 
    of such housing is necessary for dismantlement of strategic nuclear 
    weapons and when no other funds are available for such housing.
        (8) Other programs as described in section 212(b) of the Soviet 
    Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991 (title II of Public Law 102-
    228; 22 U.S.C. 2551 note) and section 1412(b) of the Former Soviet 
    Union Demilitarization Act of 1992 (title XIV of Public Law 102-484; 
    22 U.S.C. 5901 et seq.).
    (c) United States Participation.--The programs described in 
subsection (b) should, to the extent feasible, draw upon United States 
technology and expertise, especially from the private sector of the 
United States.
    (d) Restrictions.--Assistance authorized by subsection (a) may not 
be provided to any independent state of the former Soviet Union for any 
year unless the President certifies to Congress for that year that the 
proposed recipient state is committed to each of the following:
        (1) Making substantial investment of its resources for 
    dismantling or destroying its weapons of mass destruction, if such 
    state has an obligation under a treaty or other agreement to destroy 
    or dismantle any such weapons.
        (2) Foregoing any military modernization program that exceeds 
    legitimate defense requirements and foregoing the replacement of 
    destroyed weapons of mass destruction.
        (3) Foregoing any use in new nuclear weapons of fissionable or 
    other components of destroyed nuclear weapons.
        (4) Facilitating United States verification of any weapons 
    destruction carried out under this title, section 1412(b) of the 
    Former Soviet Union Demilitarization Act of 1992 (title XIV of 
    Public Law 102-484; 22 U.S.C. 590(b)), or section 212(b) of the 
    Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991 (title II of Public Law 
    102-228; 22 U.S.C. 2551 note).
        (5) Complying with all relevant arms control agreements.
        (6) Observing internationally recognized human rights, including 
    the protection of minorities.

SEC. 1204. DEMILITARIZATION ENTERPRISE FUND.

    (a) Designation of Fund.--The President is authorized to designate a 
Demilitarization Enterprise Fund for the purposes of this section. The 
President may designate as the Demilitarization Enterprise Fund any 
organization that satisfies the requirements of subsection (e).
    (b) Purpose of Fund.--The purpose of the Demilitarization Enterprise 
Fund is to receive grants pursuant to this section and to use the grant 
proceeds to provide financial support under programs described in 
subsection (b)(5) for demilitarization of industries and conversion of 
military technologies and capabilities into civilian activities.
    (c) Grant Authority.--The President may make one or more grants to 
the Demilitarization Enterprise Fund.
    (d) Risk Capital Funding of Demilitarization.--The Demilitarization 
Enterprise Fund shall use the proceeds of grants received under this 
section to provide financial support in accordance with subsection (b) 
through transactions as follows:
        (1) Making loans.
        (2) Making grants.
        (3) Providing collateral for loan guaranties by the Export-
    Import Bank of the United States.
        (4) Taking equity positions.
        (5) Providing venture capital in joint ventures with United 
    States industry.
        (6) Providing risk capital through any other form of transaction 
    that the President considers appropriate for supporting programs 
    described in subsection (b)(5).
    (e) Eligible Organization.--An organization is eligible for 
designation as the Demilitarization Enterprise Fund if the 
organization--
        (1) is a private, nonprofit organization;
        (2) is governed by a board of directors consisting of private 
    citizens of the United States; and
        (3) provides assurances acceptable to the President that it will 
    use grants received under this section to provide financial support 
    in accordance with this section.
    (f) Operational Provisions.--The following provisions of section 201 
of the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 (Public 
Law 101-179; 22 U.S.C. 5421) shall apply with respect to the 
Demilitarization Enterprise Fund in the same manner as such provisions 
apply to Enterprise Funds designated pursuant to subsection (d) of such 
section:
        (1) Subsection (d)(5), relating to the private character of 
    Enterprise Funds.
        (2) Subsection (h), relating to retention of interest earned in 
    interest bearing accounts.
        (3) Subsection (i), relating to use of United States private 
    venture capital.
        (4) Subsection (k), relating to support from Executive agencies.
        (5) Subsection (l), relating to limitation on payments to Fund 
    personnel.
        (6) Subsections (m) and (n), relating to audits.
        (7) Subsection (o), relating to record keeping requirements.
        (8) Subsection (p), relating to annual reports.
In addition, returns on investments of the Demilitarization Enterprise 
Fund and other payments to the Fund may be reinvested in projects of the 
Fund.
    (g) Experience of Other Enterprise Funds.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, the Board of Directors of the Demilitarization Enterprise 
Fund should adopt for that Fund practices and procedures that have been 
developed by Enterprise Funds for which funding has been made available 
pursuant to section 201 of the Support for East European Democracy 
(SEED) Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-179; 22 U.S.C. 5421).
    (h) Consultation Requirement.--In the implementation of this 
section, the Secretary of State and the Administrator of the Agency for 
International Development shall be consulted to ensure that the Articles 
of Incorporation of the Fund (including provisions specifying the 
responsibilities of the Board of Directors of the Fund), the terms of 
United States Government grant agreements with the Fund, and United 
States Government oversight of the Fund are, to the maximum extent 
practicable, consistent with the Articles of Incorporation of, the terms 
of grant agreements with, and the oversight of the Enterprise Funds 
established pursuant to section 201 of the Support for East European 
Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5421) and comparable provisions 
of law.
    (i) Initial Implementation.--The Board of Directors of the 
Demilitarization Enterprise Fund shall publish the first annual report 
of the Fund not later than January 31, 1995.
    (j) Termination of Designation.--A designation of an organization as 
the Demilitarization Enterprise Fund under subsection (a) shall be 
temporary. When making the designation, the President shall provide for 
the eventual termination of the designation.

SEC. 1205. FUNDING FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds authorized to be 
appropriated under section 301(21) shall be available for cooperative 
threat reduction with states of the former Soviet Union under this 
title.
    (b) Limitations.--(1) Not more than $15,000,000 of the funds 
referred to in subsection (a) may be made available for programs 
authorized in subsection (b)(6) of section 1203.
    (2) Not more than $20,000,000 of such funds may be made available 
for programs authorized in subsection (b)(7) of section 1203.
    (3) Not more than $40,000,000 of such funds may be made available 
for grants to the Demilitarization Enterprise Fund designated pursuant 
to section 1204 and for related administrative expenses.
    (c) Authorization of Extension of Availability of Prior Year 
Funds.--To the extent provided in appropriations Acts, the authority to 
transfer funds of the Department of Defense provided in section 9110(a) 
of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 102-
396; 106 Stat. 1928), and in section 108 of Public Law 102-229 (105 
Stat. 1708) shall continue to be in effect during fiscal year 1994.

SEC. 1206. PRIOR NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF OBLIGATION OF FUNDS.

    (a) Notice of Proposed Obligation.--Not less than 15 days before 
obligation of any funds for programs under section 1203, the President 
shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees as defined in 
section 1208 a report on the proposed obligation. Each such report shall 
specify--
        (1) the activities and forms of assistance for which the 
    President plans to obligate such funds;
        (2) the amount of the proposed obligation; and
        (3) the projected involvement of the departments and agencies of 
    the United States Government and the private sector of the United 
    States.
    (b) Reports on Demilitarization or Conversion Projects.--Any report 
under subsection (a) that covers proposed demilitarization or conversion 
projects under paragraph (5) or (6) of section 1203(b) shall contain 
additional information to assist the Congress in determining the merits 
of the proposed projects. Such information shall include descriptions 
of--
        (1) the facilities to be demilitarized;
        (2) the types of activities conducted at those facilities and of 
    the types of nonmilitary activities planned for those facilities;
        (3) the forms of assistance to be provided by the United States 
    Government and by the private sector of the United States;
        (4) the extent to which military activities and production 
    capability will consequently be eliminated at those facilities; and
        (5) the mechanisms to be established for monitoring progress on 
    those projects.

SEC. 1207. SEMIANNUAL REPORT.

    Not later than April 30, 1994, and not later than October 30, 1994, 
the President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees 
a report on the activities carried out under this title. Each such 
report shall set forth, for the preceding six-month period and 
cumulatively, the following:
        (1) The amounts obligated and expended for such activities and 
    the purposes for which they were obligated and expended.
        (2) A description of the participation, if any, of each 
    department and agency of the United States Government in such 
    activities.
        (3) A description of the activities carried out and the forms of 
    assistance provided, and a description of the extent to which the 
    private sector of the United States has participated in the 
    activities for which amounts were obligated and expended under this 
    title.
        (4) Such other information as the President considers 
    appropriate to fully inform the Congress concerning the operation of 
    the programs and activities carried out under this title, including, 
    with respect to proposed demilitarization or conversion projects, 
    additional information on the progress toward demilitarization of 
    facilities and the conversion of the demilitarized facilities to 
    civilian activities.

SEC. 1208. APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED.

    In this title, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means--
        (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the 
    Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and 
    the Committees on Appropriations of the House and the Senate, 
    wherever the account, budget activity, or program is funded from 
    appropriations made under the international affairs budget function 
    (150);
        (2) the Committees on Armed Services and the Committees on 
    Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, 
    wherever the account, budget activity, or program is funded from 
    appropriations made under the national defense budget function 
    (050); and
        (3) the committee to which the specified activities of section 
    1203, if the subject of separate legislation, would be referred 
    under the rules of the respective House of Congress.
SEC. 1209. AUTHORIZATION FOR ADDITIONAL FISCAL YEAR 1993 ASSISTANCE TO 
THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 1993 for ``Operation and Maintenance, 
Defense Agencies'' the additional sum of $979,000,000, to be available 
for the purposes of providing assistance to the independent states of 
the former Soviet Union.
    (b) Authorization of Transfer of Funds.--The Secretary of Defense 
may, to the extent provided in appropriations Acts, transfer from the 
account ``Operation and Maintenance, Defense Agencies'' for fiscal year 
1993 a sum not to exceed the amount appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization in subsection (a) to--
        (1) other accounts of the Department of Defense for the purpose 
    of providing assistance to the independent states of the former 
    Soviet Union; or
        (2) appropriations available to the Department of State and 
    other agencies of the United States Government for the purpose of 
    providing assistance to the independent states of the former Soviet 
    Union for programs that the President determines will increase the 
    national security of the United States.
    (c) Administrative Provisions.--(1) Amounts transferred under 
subsection (b) shall be available subject to the same terms and 
conditions as the appropriations to which transferred.
    (2) The authority to make transfers pursuant to this section is in 
addition to any other transfer authority of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Coordination of Programs.--The President shall coordinate the 
programs described in subsection (b) with those authorized in the other 
provisions of this title and in the provisions of the Freedom for Russia 
and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 
(Public Law 102-511) so as to optimize the contribution such programs 
make to the national interests of the United States.
 TITLE XIII--DEFENSE CONVERSION, REINVESTMENT, AND TRANSITION ASSISTANCE

SEC. 1301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, 
and Transition Assistance Amendments of 1993''.
SEC. 1302. FUNDING OF DEFENSE CONVERSION, REINVESTMENT, AND TRANSITION 
ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994.
    (a) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant 
to this Act for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994, the sum 
of $2,553,315,000 shall be available from the sources specified in 
subsection (b) for defense conversion, reinvestment, and transition 
assistance programs.
    (b) Sources of Funds.--The amount set forth in subsection (a) shall 
be derived from the following sources in amounts as follows:
        (1) $147,000,000 of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
    pursuant to section 108 to carry out subtitle D.
        (2) $2,071,315,000 of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
    pursuant to title II.
        (3) $335,000,000 of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
    pursuant to title III.
    (c) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``defense 
conversion, reinvestment, and transition assistance programs'' includes 
the following programs and activities of the Department of Defense:
        (1) The programs and activities authorized by the Defense 
    Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992 
    (division D of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2658) and the 
    amendments made by that Act.
        (2) The programs and activities authorized by this title and the 
    amendments made by this title.
SEC. 1303. REPORTS ON DEFENSE CONVERSION, REINVESTMENT, AND TRANSITION 
ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Report Required.--During each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 
and 1996, the Secretary of Defense shall prepare a report that assesses 
the effectiveness of all defense conversion, reinvestment, and 
transition assistance programs (as defined in section 1302) during the 
preceding fiscal year.
    (b) Contents of Report.--To the maximum extent practicable, each 
report required under subsection (a) shall include an assessment of each 
of the following:
        (1) The status of the obligation of appropriated funds for each 
    defense conversion, reinvestment, and transition assistance program.
        (2) With respect to each component of the dual-use partnership 
    program element specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 
    1311(b)--
            (A) the extent to which the component meets the objectives 
        set forth in section 2501 of title 10, United States Code;
            (B) the technology benefits of the component to the national 
        technology and industrial base;
            (C) any evidence of commercialization of technologies 
        developed under the component;
            (D) the extent to which the investments under the component 
        have affected levels of employment;
            (E) the number of defense firms participating in cooperative 
        agreements or other arrangements under the component;
            (F) the extent to which matching fund requirements of the 
        component were met by cash contributions by the non-Federal 
        Government participants;
            (G) the extent to which defense technology reinvestment 
        projects under the component have met milestones and financial 
        and technical requirements;
            (H) the extent to which the component is integrated with 
        technology programs conducted by other Federal agencies; and
            (I) the number of proposals under the component that were 
        received from small business concerns and the number of awards 
        made to small business concerns.
        (3) With respect to each personnel assistance program conducted 
    under subtitle C of this title, title XLIV of the Defense 
    Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992 
    (division D of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2701), and the 
    amendments made by that subtitle or title--
            (A) the extent to which the program meets the objectives set 
        forth in section 2501(b) of title 10, United States Code;
            (B) the number of individuals eligible for transition 
        assistance under the program;
            (C) the number of individuals directly receiving transition 
        assistance under the program and the projected number of 
        individuals who will directly receive transition assistance;
            (D) in the case of a job training program, an estimate of 
        the number of individuals who have secured permanent employment 
        as a result of participation in the program; and
            (E) the extent to which the transition assistance activities 
        under the program duplicated other transition assistance 
        provided or administered outside the Department of Defense.
    (c) Submission of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) 
for a particular fiscal year shall be submitted to Congress at the same 
time that the Secretary of Defense submits the annual report required 
under section 113(c) of title 10, United States Code, for that fiscal 
year.
      Subtitle A--Defense Technology and Industrial Base, Defense 
                  Reinvestment, and Defense Conversion
SEC. 1311. FUNDING OF DEFENSE DUAL-USE PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM FOR FISCAL 
YEAR 1994.
    (a) Funds Available.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
under section 201 for Defense-wide activities and specified in section 
1302(b) as a source of funds for defense conversion, reinvestment, and 
transition assistance programs, $624,000,000 shall be available for 
activities described in the dual-use partnerships program element of the 
budget of the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994.
    (b) Allocation of Funds.--The funds made available under subsection 
(a) shall be allocated as follows:
        (1) $250,000,000 shall be available for defense dual-use 
    critical technology partnerships under section 2511 of title 10, 
    United States Code.
        (2) $75,000,000 shall be available for commercial-military 
    integration partnerships under section 2512 of such title.
        (3) $75,000,000 shall be available for defense regional 
    technology alliances under section 2513 of such title.
        (4) $50,000,000 shall be available for defense advanced 
    manufacturing technology partnerships under section 2522 of such 
    title.
        (5) $30,000,000 shall be available for support of manufacturing 
    extension programs under section 2523 of such title;
        (6) $30,000,000 shall be available for the defense dual-use 
    extension program under section 2524 of such title, of which--
            (A) not more than $15,000,000 shall be available for 
        assistance pursuant to subsection (c)(3) of such section; and
            (B) not more than $15,000,000 shall be available for loan 
        guarantees pursuant to subsection (b)(3) of such section.
        (7) $24,000,000 shall be available for defense manufacturing 
    engineering education grants under section 2196 of such title.
        (8) $10,000,000 shall be available for grants under section 2198 
    of such title to United States institutions of higher education and 
    other United States not-for-profit organizations to support the 
    management training program in Japanese language and culture.
        (9) $30,000,000 shall be available for the advanced materials 
    synthesis and processing partnership program.
        (10) $50,000,000 shall be available for the agile manufacturing/
    enterprise integration program.
    (c) Availability of Funds for Fiscal Year 1993 Projects.--Funds made 
available under subsection (a) may also be used to make awards to 
projects of the types described in subsection (b) that were solicited in 
fiscal year 1993.
SEC. 1312. DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE, REINVESTMENT, AND 
CONVERSION PLANNING.
    (a) Abolishment of Defense Economic Adjustment Center.--(1) Section 
2504 of title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter II of 
chapter 148 of such title is amended by striking out the item relating 
to section 2504.
    (b) National Defense Technology and Industrial Base Council.--
Section 2502 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(d) Alternative Performance of Responsibilities.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (c), the President may assign the responsibilities of the 
Council to another interagency organization of the Executive branch that 
includes among its members the officials specified in paragraphs (1) 
through (4) of subsection (b).''.
SEC. 1313. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE POLICY CONCERNING DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY 
AND INDUSTRIAL BASE, REINVESTMENT, AND CONVERSION.
    Section 2501(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) Furthering the missions of the Department of Defense 
    through the support of policy objectives and programs relating to 
    the defense reinvestment, diversification, and conversion objectives 
    specified in subsection (b).''.
SEC. 1314. EXPANSION OF BUSINESSES ELIGIBLE FOR LOAN GUARANTEES UNDER 
THE DEFENSE DUAL-USE ASSISTANCE EXTENSION PROGRAM.
    Section 2524 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(3), by striking out ``small businesses'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``small business concerns and medium-
    sized business concerns'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Definition.--In this section, the `medium-sized business 
concern' means a business concern that is not more than two times the 
maximum size specified by the Administrator of the Small Business 
Administration for purposes of determining whether a business concern 
furnishing a product or service is a small business concern.''.
SEC. 1315. CONSISTENCY IN FINANCIAL COMMITMENT REQUIREMENTS OF NON-
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPANTS IN TECHNOLOGY REINVESTMENT PROJECTS.
    (a) Defense Dual-Use Critical Technology Partnerships.--Section 
2511(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Financial Commitment of Non-Federal Government Participants.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the amount of funds 
provided by the Federal Government to a partnership does not exceed 50 
percent of the total cost of partnership activities.
    ``(2) The Secretary may prescribe regulations to provide for 
consideration of in-kind contributions by non-Federal Government 
participants in a partnership for the purpose of calculating the share 
of the partnership costs that has been or is being undertaken by such 
participants. In such regulations, the Secretary may authorize a 
participant that is a small business concern to use funds received under 
the Small Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business 
Technology Transfer Program to help pay the costs of partnership 
activities. Any such funds so used may be considered in calculating the 
amount of the financial commitment undertaken by the non-Federal 
Government participants unless the Secretary determines that the small 
business concern has not made a significant equity percentage 
contribution in the partnership from non-Federal sources.''.
    (b) Commercial-Military Integration Partnerships.--Section 
2512(c)(3) of such title is amended by striking out subparagraph (B) and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) In such regulations, the Secretary may authorize a participant 
that is a small business concern to use funds received under the Small 
Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology 
Transfer Program to help pay the costs of partnership activities. Any 
such funds so used may be considered in calculating the amount of the 
financial commitment undertaken by the non-Federal Government 
participants unless the Secretary determines that the small business 
concern has not made a significant equity percentage contribution in the 
partnership from non-Federal sources.''.
    (c) Regional Technology Alliances Assistance Program.--Section 
2513(e) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary may prescribe regulations to provide for 
consideration of in-kind contributions by non-Federal Government 
participants in a regional technology alliance for the purpose of 
calculating the share of the costs that has been or is being undertaken 
by such participants. In such regulations, the Secretary may authorize a 
participant that is a small business concern to use funds received under 
the Small Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business 
Technology Transfer Program to help pay the costs of a regional 
technology alliance. Any such funds so used may be considered in 
calculating the amount of the financial commitment undertaken by the 
non-Federal Government participants unless the Secretary determines that 
the small business concern has not made a significant equity percentage 
contribution in the regional technology alliance from non-Federal 
sources.''.
    (d) Manufacturing Extension Programs.--Section 2523(b)(3) of such 
title is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking out the first sentence and 
    inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``The Secretary shall 
    ensure that the amount of financial assistance furnished by the 
    Federal Government to a manufacturing extension program under this 
    subsection may not exceed 50 percent of the total cost of the 
    program.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(D) The Secretary may prescribe regulations to provide for 
consideration of in-kind contributions by non-Federal Government 
participants in a manufacturing extension program for the purpose of 
calculating the share of the costs that has been or is being undertaken 
by such participants. In such regulations, the Secretary may authorize a 
participant that is a small business concern to use funds received under 
the Small Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business 
Technology Transfer Program to help pay the costs of the program. Any 
such funds so used may be considered in calculating the amount of the 
financial commitment undertaken by the non-Federal Government 
participants unless the Secretary determines that the small business 
concern has not made a significant equity percentage contribution in the 
program from non-Federal sources.''.
    (e) Defense Dual-Use Assistance Extension Program.--Section 2524(d) 
of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Financial Commitment of Non-Federal Government Participants.--
(1) The Secretary shall ensure that the amount of funds provided by the 
Secretary to a program under this section does not exceed 50 percent of 
the total cost of the program.
    ``(2) The Secretary may prescribe regulations to provide for 
consideration of in-kind contributions by non-Federal Government 
participants in a program under this section for the purpose of 
calculating the share of the costs that has been or is being undertaken 
by such participants. In such regulations, the Secretary may authorize a 
participant that is a small business concern to use funds received under 
the Small Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business 
Technology Transfer Program to help pay the costs of the program. Any 
such funds so used may be considered in calculating the amount of the 
financial commitment undertaken by the non-Federal Government 
participants unless the Secretary determines that the small business 
concern has not made a significant equity percentage contribution in the 
program from non-Federal sources.''.
    (f) Definitions.--Section 2491 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(13) The term `Small Business Innovation Research Program' 
    means the program established under the following provisions of 
    section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638):
            ``(A) Paragraphs (4) through (7) of subsection (b).
            ``(B) Subsections (e) through (l).
        ``(14) The term `Small Business Technology Transfer Program' 
    means the program established under the following provisions of such 
    section:
            ``(A) Paragraphs (4) through (7) of subsection (b).
            ``(B) Subsections (e) and (n) through (p).
        ``(15) The term `significant equity percentage' means--
            ``(A) a level of contribution and participation sufficient, 
        when compared to the other non-Federal participants in the 
        partnership or other cooperative arrangement involved, to 
        demonstrate a comparable long-term financial commitment to the 
        product or process development involved; and
            ``(B) any other criteria the Secretary may consider 
        necessary to ensure an appropriate equity mix among the 
        participants.''.
    (g) Application of Amendments to Existing Projects.--In the case of 
a project funded under section 2511, 2512, 2513, 2523, or 2524 of title 
10, United States Code, using funds appropriated for a fiscal year 
beginning before October 1, 1993, the amendments made by this section 
shall not alter the financial commitment requirements in effect on the 
day before the date of the enactment of this Act for the non-Federal 
Government participants in the project.
SEC. 1316. ADDITIONAL CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF REGIONAL TECHNOLOGY 
ALLIANCES.
    Section 2513(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(5) The potential for the regional technology alliance to 
    increase industrial competitiveness.
        ``(6) The potential for the regional technology alliance to meet 
    the needs of small- and medium-sized defense-dependent companies 
    across multiple activity areas including--
            ``(A) outreach;
            ``(B) manufacturing education and training;
            ``(C) technology development;
            ``(D) technology deployment; and
            ``(E) business counseling.''.
SEC. 1317. CONDITIONS ON FUNDING OF DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY REINVESTMENT 
PROJECTS.
    (a) Benefits to United States Economy.--In providing for the 
establishment or financial support of partnerships or other cooperative 
arrangements under chapter 148 of title 10, United States Code, using 
funds made available under section 1311(a), the Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that the principal economic benefits of such partnerships 
and other arrangements accrue to the economy of the United States.
    (b) Use of Competitive Selection Procedures.--Funds made available 
under subsection (a) of section 1311 for programs of the type described 
in subsection (b) of such section shall only be provided to projects 
selected using competitive procedures pursuant to a solicitation 
incorporating cost-sharing requirements for the non-Federal Government 
participants in the projects.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2511(e) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``, except that'' and all that 
follows through ``applies''.
        Subtitle B--Community Adjustment and Assistance Programs
SEC. 1321. ADJUSTMENT AND DIVERSIFICATION ASSISTANCE FOR STATES AND 
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FROM THE OFFICE OF ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT.
    (a) Funding For Fiscal Year 1994.--Of the amount made available 
pursuant to section 1302(a), $69,000,000 shall be available as community 
adjustment and economic diversification assistance under section 2391(b) 
of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Preparation Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense may use up to 
five percent of the amount specified in subsection (a) for the purpose 
of providing preparation assistance to those States intending to 
establish the types of programs for which assistance is authorized under 
section 2391(b) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 1322. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITIES ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY CATASTROPHIC 
OR MULTIPLE BASE CLOSURES OR REALIGNMENTS.
    (a) Assistance Available.--Not less than 25 percent of the funds 
made available for fiscal year 1994 to carry out subsection (b) of 
section 2391 of title 10, United States Code, but not to exceed 50 
percent of such funds, shall be used by the Secretary of Defense under 
paragraphs (1) and (4) of such subsection to make grants, conclude 
cooperative agreements, and supplement funds available under other 
Federal programs in order to assist State and local governments in 
planning and carrying out community adjustments and economic 
diversification in any community determined by the Secretary--
        (1) to be likely to experience a loss of not less than five 
    percent of the total number of civilian jobs in the community as a 
    result of the realignment or closure of a military installation; or
        (2) to be adversely affected by the realignment or closure of 
    more than one military installation.
    (b) Amount of Planning Assistance.--In providing assistance on 
behalf of communities described in subsection (a) under section 
2391(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure, to the greatest extent practicable, that the amount of 
such assistance provided on behalf of each such community for planning 
community adjustments and economic diversification is not less than 
$1,000,000 during fiscal year 1994.
    (c) Additional Adjustment Assistance.--In providing adjustment 
assistance (in addition to the planning assistance provided under 
subsection (b)) on behalf of communities described in subsection (a), to 
the maximum extent practicable, favorable consideration shall be given 
to proposals for economic adjustment implementation assistance of not 
more than $5,000,000 to be provided in accordance with established 
criteria, programs, and procedures governing the provision of such 
assistance.
SEC. 1323. CONTINUATION OF PILOT PROJECT TO IMPROVE ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT 
PLANNING.
    (a) Continuation of Program.--Subsection (a) of section 4302 of the 
Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992 
(division D of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 2391 note) is amended by 
striking out ``fiscal year 1993'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``fiscal 
years 1993 and 1994''.
    (b) Funding For Fiscal Year 1994.--Of the amount made available 
pursuant to section 1302(a) for defense conversion, reinvestment, and 
transitional assistance programs, not more than $1,000,000 shall be made 
available to continue the pilot project required under section 4302 of 
the Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 
1992 (division D of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 2391 note) with 
respect to those projects involving relieving the adverse effects upon a 
community from a combination of the closure or realignment of a military 
installation and changes in the mission of a national laboratory.
   Subtitle C--Personnel Adjustment, Education, and Training Programs
SEC. 1331. CONTINUATION OF TEACHER AND TEACHER'S AIDE PLACEMENT 
PROGRAMS.
    (a) Expanded Coverage of Certain Members of the Armed Forces.--
Subsection (e)(1) of section 1151 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking out ``before the date of the discharge or release'' 
in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``not later than one 
year after the date of the discharge or release''.
    (b) Eligibility of Members Not Educationally Qualified for Teacher 
Placement Assistance.--(1) Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
        (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) 
    and (4), respectively; and
        (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(2) For purposes of this section, a former member of the armed 
forces who did not meet the minimum educational qualification criterion 
set forth in paragraph (1)(B)(i) for teacher placement assistance before 
discharge or release from active duty shall be considered to be a member 
satisfying such educational qualification criterion upon satisfying that 
criterion within five years after discharge or release from active 
duty.''.
    (2) Subsection (e) of such section is amended--
        (A) in paragraph (1), as amended by subsection (a), by inserting 
    before the period at the end of the first sentence the following: 
    ``or, in the case of an applicant becoming educationally qualified 
    for teacher placement assistance in accordance with subsection 
    (c)(2), not later than one year after the date on which the 
    applicant becomes educationally qualified''; and
        (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) The Secretary shall provide under the program for 
identifying, during each fiscal year in the period referred to in 
subsection (c)(1)(A), noncommissioned officers who, on or before the end 
of such fiscal year, will have completed 10 or more years of continuous 
active duty, who have the potential to perform competently as elementary 
or secondary school teachers, but who do not satisfy the minimum 
educational qualification criterion under subsection (c)(1)(B)(i) for 
teacher placement assistance.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall inform noncommissioned officers identified 
under subparagraph (A) of the opportunity to qualify in accordance with 
subsection (c)(2) for teacher placement assistance under the program.''.
    (c) Extension of Period of Required Service.--(1) Section 1151 of 
such title is further amended--
        (A) in subsection (f)(2), by striking out ``two school years'' 
    both places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``five school 
    years'';
        (B) in subsection (h)(3)(A), by striking out ``two consecutive 
    school years'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``five consecutive 
    school years'';
        (C) in subsection (h)(5), by striking out ``two years'' both 
    places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``five years''; and
        (D) in subsection (i)(1), by striking out ``two years'' both 
    places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``five years''.
    (2) Section 1598(d)(2) of such title is amended by striking out 
``two school years'' both places it appears and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``five school years''.
    (3) Section 2410j(f)(2) of such title is amended by striking out 
``two school years'' both places it appears and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``five school years''.
    (d) Grant Payments.--Subsection (h)(3)(B) of section 1151 of such 
title is amended by striking out ``equal to the lesser of--'' and all 
that follows through ``$50,000.'' and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following: ``based upon the basic salary paid by the local educational 
agency to the participant as a teacher or teacher's aide. The rate of 
payment by the Secretary shall be as follows:
            ``(i) For the first school year of employment, 50 percent of 
        the basic salary, except that the payment may not exceed 
        $25,000.
            ``(ii) For the second school year of employment, 40 percent 
        of the basic salary, except that the payment may not exceed 
        $10,000.
            ``(iii) For the third school year of employment, 30 percent 
        of the basic salary, except that the payment may not exceed 
        $7,500.
            ``(iv) For the fourth school year of employment, 20 percent 
        of the basic salary, except that the payment may not exceed 
        $5,000.
            ``(v) For the fifth year of employment, 10 percent of the 
        basic salary, except that the payment may not exceed $2,500.''.
    (e) Increased Flexibility in Providing Stipends and Placement 
Grants.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended in paragraphs (1) and 
(2) by striking out ``shall'' both places it appears and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``may''.
    (f) Agreements with States.--Subsection (h) of such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(7)(A) In addition to the agreements referred to in paragraphs (1) 
and (2), the Secretary may enter into an agreement directly with a State 
identified pursuant to subsection (b)(1) to allow the State to arrange 
the placement of participants in the placement program with local 
educational agencies identified pursuant to subsection (b)(2) or (b)(3). 
The Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Education in entering 
into agreements with States under this paragraph.
    ``(B) With respect to an agreement under this paragraph with a 
State, nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to negate or 
supersede the authority of any appropriate official or entity of the 
State to approve those portions of the agreement that are not under the 
jurisdiction of the chief executive officer of the State.
    ``(C) The Secretary may reserve up to 10 percent of the funds made 
available to carry out the placement program for a fiscal year for the 
placement of participants through agreements entered into under this 
paragraph. Paragraphs (3) through (6) shall apply with respect to any 
placement made through such an agreement.''.
    (g) Clarification of Stipend Exception.--Subsection (g) of such 
section is amended by striking out paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu 
thereof the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A member who is separated under the special separation 
benefits program under section 1174a of this title, receives voluntary 
separation payments under section 1175 of this title, or retires 
pursuant to the authority provided in section 4403 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
U.S.C. 1293 note) shall not be paid a stipend under paragraph (1).''.
    (h) Application of Certain Amendments.--The amendments made by 
subsections (c) and (d) shall not apply with respect to--
        (1) persons selected by the Secretary of Defense before the date 
    of the enactment of this Act to participate in the teacher and 
    teacher's aide placement programs established pursuant to sections 
    1151, 1598, and 2410j of title 10, United States Code; or
        (2) agreements entered into by the Secretary before such date 
    with local educational agencies under such sections.
SEC. 1332. PROGRAMS TO PLACE SEPARATED MEMBERS IN EMPLOYMENT POSITIONS 
WITH LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES AND HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS.
    (a) Placement Program With Law Enforcement Agencies.--Chapter 58 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``§1152. Assistance to separated members to obtain employment with 
    law enforcement agencies
    ``(a) Placement Program.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
program to assist eligible members of the armed forces to obtain 
employment as law enforcement officers with State and local law 
enforcement agencies upon their discharge or release from active duty.
    ``(b) Eligible Members.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
member of the armed forces may apply to participate in the program 
established under subsection (a) if the member--
        ``(A) is selected for involuntary separation, is approved for 
    separation under section 1174a or 1175 of this title, or retires 
    pursuant to the authority provided in section 4403 of the Defense 
    Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992 
    (division D of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note) during the 
    six-year period beginning on October 1, 1993; and
        ``(B) has a military occupational specialty, training, or 
    experience related to law enforcement (such as service as a member 
    of the military police) or satisfies such other criteria for 
    selection as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe.
    ``(2) A member who is discharged or released from service under 
other than honorable conditions shall not be eligible to participate in 
the program.
    ``(c) Selection of Participants.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
select members to participate in the program established under 
subsection (a) on the basis of applications submitted to the Secretary 
not later than one year after the date of the discharge or release of 
the members from active duty. An application shall be in such form and 
contain such information as the Secretary may require.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not select a member to participate in the 
program unless the Secretary has sufficient appropriations for the 
placement program available at the time of the selection to satisfy the 
obligations to be incurred by the United States under subsection (d) 
with respect to that member.
    ``(d) Grants to Facilitate Employment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
may enter into agreements with State and local law enforcement agencies 
to assist eligible members selected under subsection (c) to obtain 
suitable employment as law enforcement officers with these agencies. 
Under such an agreement, a law enforcement agency shall agree to employ 
a participant in the program on a full-time basis for at least five 
years.
    ``(2) Under an agreement referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
shall agree to pay to the law enforcement agency involved an amount 
based upon the basic salary paid by the law enforcement agency to the 
participant as a law enforcement officer. The rate of payment by the 
Secretary shall be as follows:
        ``(A) For the first year of employment, 50 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $25,000.
        ``(B) For the second year of employment, 40 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $10,000.
        ``(C) For the third year of employment, 30 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $7,500.
        ``(D) For the fourth year of employment, 20 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $5,000.
        ``(E) For the fifth year of employment, 10 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $2,500.
    ``(3) Payments required under paragraph (2) may be made by the 
Secretary in such installments as the Secretary may determine.
    ``(4) If a participant who is placed under this program leaves the 
employment of the law enforcement agency before the end of the five 
years of required employment service, the agency shall reimburse the 
Secretary in an amount that bears the same ratio to the total amount 
already paid under the agreement as the unserved portion bears to the 
five years of required service.
    ``(5) The Secretary may not make a grant under this subsection to a 
law enforcement agency if the Secretary determines that the law 
enforcement agency terminated the employment of another employee in 
order to fill the vacancy so created with a participant in this program.
    ``(e) Agreements With States.--(1) In addition to the agreements 
referred to in subsection (d)(1), the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into an agreement directly with a State to allow the State to arrange 
the placement of participants in the program with State and local law 
enforcement agencies. Paragraphs (2) through (5) of subsection (d) shall 
apply with respect to any placement made through such an agreement.
    ``(2) The Secretary may reserve up to 10 percent of the funds made 
available to carry out the program for a fiscal year for the placement 
of participants through agreements entered into under paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `State' includes the District of Columbia, 
    American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the 
    Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
    Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Palau, and the 
    Virgin Islands.
        ``(2) The term `law enforcement officer' means an individual 
    involved in crime and juvenile delinquency control or reduction, or 
    enforcement of the laws, including police, corrections, probation, 
    parole, and judicial officers.''.
    (b) Placement Program With Health Care Providers.--Chapter 58 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding after section 1152, 
as added by subsection (a), the following new section:
``§1153. Assistance to separated members to obtain employment with 
     health care providers
    ``(a) Placement Program.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
program to assist eligible members of the armed forces to obtain 
employment with health care providers upon their discharge or release 
from active duty.
    ``(b) Eligible Members.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
member shall be eligible for selection by the Secretary of Defense to 
participate in the program established under subsection (a) if the 
member--
        ``(A) is selected for involuntary separation, is approved for 
    separation under section 1174a or 1175 of this title, or retires 
    pursuant to the authority provided in section 4403 of the Defense 
    Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992 
    (division D of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note) during the 
    six-year period beginning on October 1, 1993;
        ``(B) has received an associate degree, baccalaureate, or 
    advanced degree from an accredited institution of higher education 
    or a junior or community college; and
        ``(C) has a military occupational specialty, training, or 
    experience related to health care, is likely to be able to obtain 
    such training in a short period of time (as determined by the 
    Secretary), or satisfies such other criteria for selection as the 
    Secretary may prescribe.
    ``(2) For purposes of this section, a former member of the armed 
forces who did not meet the minimum educational qualification criterion 
set forth in paragraph (1)(B) for placement assistance before discharge 
or release from active duty shall be considered to be a member 
satisfying such educational qualification criterion upon satisfying that 
criterion within five years after discharge or release from active duty.
    ``(3) A member who is discharged or released from service under 
other than honorable conditions shall not be eligible to participate in 
the program.
    ``(c) Selection of Participants.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
select members to participate in the program established under 
subsection (a) on the basis of applications submitted to the Secretary 
not later than one year after the date of the discharge or release of 
the members from active duty or, in the case of an applicant becoming 
educationally qualified for teacher placement assistance in accordance 
with subsection (b)(2), not later than one year after the date on which 
the applicant becomes educationally qualified. An application shall be 
in such form and contain such information as the Secretary may require.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not select a member to participate in the 
program unless the Secretary has sufficient appropriations for the 
placement program available at the time of the selection to satisfy the 
obligations to be incurred by the United States under subsection (d) 
with respect to that member.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary shall provide under the program for 
identifying, during each fiscal year in the period referred to in 
subsection (b)(1)(A), noncommissioned officers who, on or before the end 
of such fiscal year, will have completed 10 or more years of continuous 
active duty, who have the potential to perform competently in employment 
positions with health care providers, but who do not satisfy the minimum 
educational qualification criterion under subsection (b)(1)(B) for 
placement assistance.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall inform noncommissioned officers identified 
under subparagraph (A) of the opportunity to qualify in accordance with 
subsection (b)(2) for placement assistance under the program.
    ``(d) Grants to Facilitate Employment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
may enter into an agreement with a health care provider to assist 
eligible members selected under subsection (c) to obtain suitable 
employment with the health care provider. Under such an agreement, a 
health care provider shall agree to employ a participant in the program 
on a full-time basis for at least five years.
    ``(2) Under an agreement referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
shall agree to pay to the health care provider involved an amount based 
upon the basic salary paid by the health care provider to the 
participant. The rate of payment by the Secretary shall be as follows:
        ``(A) For the first year of employment, 50 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $25,000.
        ``(B) For the second year of employment, 40 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $10,000.
        ``(C) For the third year of employment, 30 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $7,500.
        ``(D) For the fourth year of employment, 20 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $5,000.
        ``(E) For the fifth year of employment, 10 percent of the basic 
    salary, except that the payment may not exceed $2,500.
    ``(3) Payments required under paragraph (2) may be made by the 
Secretary in such installments as the Secretary may determine.
    ``(4) If a participant who is placed under this program leaves the 
employment of the health care provider before the end of the five years 
of required employment service, the provider shall reimburse the 
Secretary in an amount that bears the same ratio to the total amount 
already paid under the agreement as the unserved portion bears to the 
five years of required service.
    ``(5) The Secretary may not make a grant under this subsection to a 
health care provider if the Secretary determines that the provider 
terminated the employment of another employee in order to fill the 
vacancy so created with a participant in this program.
    ``(e) Agreements With States.--(1) In addition to the agreements 
referred to in subsection (d)(1), the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into an agreement directly with a State to allow the State to arrange 
the placement of participants in the program with health care providers. 
Paragraphs (2) through (5) of subsection (d) shall apply with respect to 
any placement made through such an agreement.
    ``(2) The Secretary may reserve up to 10 percent of the funds made 
available to carry out the program for a fiscal year for the placement 
of participants through agreements entered into under paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the term `State' includes the 
District of Columbia, American Samoa, the Federated States of 
Micronesia, Guam, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Palau, 
and the Virgin Islands.''.
    (c) Preseparation Counseling.--Section 1142(b)(4) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``program established 
under section 1151 of this title to assist members to obtain employment 
as elementary or secondary school teachers or teachers' aides.'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``programs established under sections 1151, 
1152, and 1153 of this title.''.
    (d) Study on Expansion of the Law Enforcement Placement Program to 
Include the Border Patrol.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service, shall conduct a study regarding the feasibility of expanding 
the law enforcement placement program established under section 1152 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), to include the 
placement of members of the Armed Forces who are discharged or released 
from active duty with the Border Patrol of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service.
    (2) Not later than March 1, 1994, the Secretary shall submit a 
report to Congress containing the results of the study required by this 
subsection.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new items:
``1152. Assistance to separated members to obtain employment with law 
          enforcement agencies.
``1153. Assistance to separated members to obtain employment with health 
          care providers.''.

SEC. 1333. GRANTS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION TO PROVIDE 
EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION TO DISLOCATED 
DEFENSE WORKERS AND YOUNG ADULTS.
    (a) Grant Program Authorized.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may 
establish a program to provide demonstration grants to institutions of 
higher education to assist such institutions in providing education and 
training in environmental restoration and hazardous waste management to 
eligible dislocated defense workers and young adults described in 
subsection (d). The Secretary shall award the grants pursuant to a 
merit-based selection process.
    (2) A grant provided under this subsection may cover a period of not 
more than three fiscal years, except that the payments under the grant 
for the second and third fiscal year shall be subject to the approval of 
the Secretary and to the availability of appropriations to carry out 
this section in that fiscal year.
    (b) Application.--To be eligible for a grant under subsection (a), 
an institution of higher education shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time, in such form, and containing such information as 
the Secretary may require. The application shall include the following:
        (1) An assurance by the institution of higher education that it 
    will use the grant to supplement and not supplant non-Federal funds 
    that would otherwise be available for the education and training 
    activities funded by the grant.
        (2) A proposal by the institution of higher education to provide 
    expertise, training, and education in hazardous materials and waste 
    management and other environmental fields applicable to defense 
    manufacturing sites and Department of Defense and Department of 
    Energy defense facilities.
    (c) Use of Grant Funds.--(1) An institution of higher education 
receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall use the grant to establish 
a consortium consisting of the institution and one or more of each of 
the entities described in paragraph (2) for the purpose of establishing 
and conducting a program to provide education and training in 
environmental restoration and waste management to eligible individuals 
described in subsection (d). To the extent practicable, the Secretary 
shall authorize the consortium to use a military installation closed or 
selected to be closed under a base closure law in providing on-site 
basic skills training to participants in the program.
    (2) The entities referred to in paragraph (1) are the following:
        (A) Appropriate State and local agencies.
        (B) Private industry councils (as described in section 102 of 
    the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1512)).
        (C) Community-based organizations (as defined in section 4(5) of 
    such Act (29 U.S.C. 1503(5)).
        (D) Businesses.
        (E) Organized labor.
        (F) Other appropriate educational institutions.
    (d) Eligible Individuals.--A program established or conducted using 
funds provided under subsection (a) may provide education and training 
in environmental restoration and waste management to--
        (1) individuals who have been terminated or laid off from 
    employment (or have received notice of termination or lay off) as a 
    consequence of reductions in expenditures by the United States for 
    defense, the cancellation, termination, or completion of a defense 
    contract, or the closure or realignment of a military installation 
    under a base closure law, as determined in accordance with 
    regulations prescribed by the Secretary; or
        (2) individuals who have attained the age of 16 but not the age 
    of 25.
    (e) Elements of Education and Training Program.--In establishing or 
conducting an education and training program using funds provided under 
subsection (a), the institution of higher education shall meet the 
following requirements:
        (1) The institution of higher education shall establish and 
    provide a work-based learning system consisting of education and 
    training in environmental restoration--
            (A) which may include basic educational courses, on-site 
        basic skills training, and mentor assistance to individuals 
        described in subsection (d) who are participating in the 
        program; and
            (B) which may lead to the awarding of a certificate or 
        degree at the institution of higher education.
        (2) The institution of higher education shall undertake outreach 
    and recruitment efforts to encourage participation by eligible 
    individuals in the education and training program.
        (3) The institution of higher education shall select 
    participants for the education and training program from among 
    eligible individuals described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection 
    (d).
        (4) To the extent practicable, in the selection of young adults 
    described in subsection (d)(2) to participate in the education and 
    training program, the institution of higher education shall give 
    priority to those young adults who--
            (A) have not attended and are otherwise unlikely to be able 
        to attend an institution of higher education; or
            (B) have, or are members of families who have, received a 
        total family income that, in relation to family size, is not in 
        excess of the higher of--
                (i) the official poverty line (as defined by the Office 
            of Management and Budget, and revised annually in accordance 
            with section 673(2) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
            of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)); or
                (ii) 70 percent of the lower living standard income 
            level.
        (5) To the extent practicable, the institution of higher 
    education shall select instructors for the education and training 
    program from institutions of higher education, appropriate community 
    programs, and industry and labor.
        (6) To the extent practicable, the institution of higher 
    education shall consult with appropriate Federal, State, and local 
    agencies carrying out environmental restoration programs for the 
    purpose of achieving coordination between such programs and the 
    education and training program conducted by the consortium.
    (f) Selection of Grant Recipients.--To the extent practicable, the 
Secretary shall provide grants to institutions of higher education under 
subsection (a) in a manner which will equitably distribute such grants 
among the various regions of the United States.
    (g) Limitation on Amount of Grant to a Single Recipient.--The amount 
of a grant under subsection (a) that may be made to a single institution 
of higher education in a fiscal year may not exceed \1/3\ of the amount 
made available to provide grants under such subsection for that fiscal 
year.
    (h) Reporting Requirements.--(1) The Secretary may provide a grant 
to an institution of higher education under subsection (a) only if the 
institution agrees to submit to the Secretary, in each fiscal year in 
which the Secretary makes payments under the grant to the institution, a 
report containing--
        (A) a description and evaluation of the education and training 
    program established by the consortium formed by the institution 
    under subsection (c); and
        (B) such other information as the Secretary may reasonably 
    require.
    (2) Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to the President and Congress an interim 
report containing--
        (A) a compilation of the information contained in the reports 
    received by the Secretary from each institution of higher education 
    under paragraph (1); and
        (B) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the demonstration 
    grant program authorized by this section.
    (3) Not later than January 1, 1997, the Secretary shall submit to 
the President and Congress a final report containing--
        (A) a compilation of the information described in the interim 
    report; and
        (B) a final evaluation of the effectiveness of the demonstration 
    grant program authorized by this section, including a recommendation 
    as to the feasibility of continuing the program.
    (i) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) Base closure law.--The term ``base closure law'' means the 
    following:
            (A) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 
        (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 
        note).
            (B) Title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and 
        Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100-526; 10 U.S.C. 
        2687 note).
            (C) Section 2687 of title 10, United States Code.
            (D) Any other similar law enacted after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
        (2) Environmental restoration.--The term ``environmental 
    restoration'' means actions taken consistent with a permanent remedy 
    to prevent or minimize the release of hazardous substances into the 
    environment so that such substances do not migrate to cause 
    substantial danger to present or future public health or welfare or 
    the environment.
        (3) Institution of higher education.--The term ``institution of 
    higher education'' has the meaning given such term in section 
    1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)).
        (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
    Defense.
    (j) Conforming Repeal.--Section 4452 of the Defense Conversion, 
Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992 (division D of 
Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1334. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, may establish a scholarship program in order to 
enable eligible individuals described in subsection (d) to undertake the 
educational training or activities relating to environmental 
engineering, environmental sciences, or environmental project management 
in fields related to hazardous waste management and cleanup described in 
subsection (b) at the institutions of higher education described in 
subsection (c).
    (b) Educational Training or Activities.--(1) The program established 
under subsection (a) shall be limited to educational training or 
activities related to--
        (A) site remediation;
        (B) site characterization;
        (C) hazardous waste management;
        (D) hazardous waste reduction;
        (E) recycling;
        (F) process and materials engineering;
        (G) training for positions related to environmental engineering, 
    environmental sciences, or environmental project management 
    (including training for management positions); and
        (H) environmental engineering with respect to the construction 
    of facilities to address the items described in subparagraphs (A) 
    through (G).
    (2) The program established under subsection (a) shall be limited to 
educational training or activities designed to enable individuals to 
achieve specialization in the following fields:
        (A) Earth sciences.
        (B) Chemistry.
        (C) Chemical Engineering.
        (D) Environmental engineering.
        (E) Statistics.
        (F) Toxicology.
        (G) Industrial hygiene.
        (H) Health physics.
        (I) Environmental project management.
    (c) Eligible Institutions of Higher Education.--Scholarship funds 
awarded under this section shall be used by individuals awarded 
scholarships to enable such individuals to attend institutions of higher 
education associated with hazardous substance research centers to enable 
such individuals to undertake a program of educational training or 
activities described in subsection (b) that leads to an undergraduate 
degree, a graduate degree, or a degree or certificate that is 
supplemental to an academic degree.
    (d) Eligible Individuals.--Individuals eligible for scholarships 
under the program established under subsection (a) are the following:
        (1) Any member of the Armed Forces who--
            (A) was on active duty or full-time National Guard duty on 
        September 30, 1990;
            (B) during the 5-year period beginning on that date--
                (i) is involuntarily separated (as defined in section 
            1141 of title 10, United States Code) from active duty or 
            full-time National Guard duty; or
                (ii) is separated from active duty or full-time National 
            Guard duty pursuant to a special separation benefits program 
            under section 1174a of title 10, United States Code, or the 
            voluntary separation incentive program under section 1175 of 
            that title; and
            (C) is not entitled to retired or retainer pay incident to 
        that separation.
        (2) Any civilian employee of the Department of Energy or the 
    Department of Defense (other than an employee referred to in 
    paragraph (3)) who--
            (A) is terminated or laid off from such employment during 
        the five-year period beginning on September 30, 1990, as a 
        result of reductions in defense-related spending (as determined 
        by the appropriate Secretary); and
            (B) is not entitled to retired or retainer pay incident to 
        that termination or lay off.
        (3) Any civilian employee of the Department of Defense whose 
    employment at a military installation approved for closure or 
    realignment under a base closure law is terminated as a result of 
    such closure or realignment.
    (e) Award of Scholarship.--(1)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall 
award scholarships under this section to such eligible individuals as 
the Secretary determines appropriate pursuant to regulations or policies 
promulgated by the Secretary.
    (B) In awarding a scholarship under this section, the Secretary 
shall--
        (i) take into consideration the extent to which the 
    qualifications and experience of the individual applying for the 
    scholarship prepared such individual for the educational training or 
    activities to be undertaken; and
        (ii) award a scholarship only to an eligible individual who has 
    been accepted for enrollment in the institution of higher education 
    described in subsection (c) and providing the educational training 
    or activities for which the scholarship assistance is sought.
    (2) The Secretary of Defense shall determine the amount of the 
scholarships awarded under this section, except that the amount of 
scholarship assistance awarded to any individual under this section may 
not exceed--
        (A) $10,000 in any 12-month period; and
        (B) a total of $20,000.
    (f) Application; Period for Submission.--(1) Each individual 
desiring a scholarship under this section shall submit an application to 
the Secretary of Defense in such manner and containing or accompanied by 
such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    (2) A member of the Armed Forces described in subsection (d)(1) who 
desires to apply for a scholarship under this section shall submit an 
application under this subsection not later than 180 days after the date 
of the separation of the member. In the case of members described in 
subsection (d)(1) who were separated before the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall accept applications from these members 
submitted during the 180-day period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (3) A civilian employee described in paragraph (2) or (3) of 
subsection (d) who desires to apply for a scholarship under this 
section, but who receives no prior notice of such termination or lay 
off, may submit an application under this subsection at any time after 
such termination or lay off. A civilian employee described in paragraph 
(1) or (2) of subsection (d) who receives a notice of termination or lay 
off shall submit an application not later than 180 days before the 
effective date of the termination or lay off. In the case of employees 
described in such paragraphs who were terminated or laid off before the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall accept 
applications from these employees submitted during the 180-day period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Repayment.--(1) Any individual receiving scholarship assistance 
from the Secretary of Defense under this section shall enter into an 
agreement with the Secretary under which the individual agrees to pay to 
the United States the total amount of the scholarship assistance 
provided to the individual by the Secretary under this section, plus 
interest at the rate prescribed in paragraph (4), if the individual does 
not complete the educational training or activities for which such 
assistance is provided.
    (2) If an individual fails to pay to the United States the total 
amount required pursuant to paragraph (1), including the interest, at 
the rate prescribed in paragraph (4), the unpaid amount shall be 
recoverable by the United States from the individual or such 
individual's estate by--
        (A) in the case of an individual who is an employee of the 
    United States, set off against accrued pay, compensation, amount of 
    retirement credit, or other amount due the employee from the United 
    States; and
        (B) such other method as is provided by law for the recovery of 
    amounts owing to the United States.
    (3) The Secretary of Defense may waive in whole or in part a 
required repayment under this subsection if the Secretary determines 
that the recovery would be against equity and good conscience or would 
be contrary to the best interests of the United States.
    (4) The total amount of scholarship assistance provided to an 
individual under this section, for purposes of repayment under this 
subsection, shall bear interest at the applicable rate of interest under 
section 427A(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
1077a(c)).
    (h) Coordination of Benefits.--Any scholarship assistance provided 
to an individual under this section shall be taken into account in 
determining the eligibility of the individual for Federal student 
financial assistance provided under title IV of the Higher Education Act 
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.).
    (i) Report to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 1995, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and 
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall submit 
to the Congress a report describing the activities undertaken under the 
program authorized by subsection (a) and containing recommendations for 
future activities under the program.
    (j) Funding.--(1) To carry out the scholarship program authorized by 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may use the unobligated balance 
of funds made available pursuant to section 4451(k) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
U.S.C. 2701 note) for fiscal year 1993 for environmental scholarship and 
fellowship programs for the Department of Defense.
    (2) The cost of carrying out the program authorized by subsection 
(a) may not exceed $8,000,000 in any fiscal year.
    (k) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``base closure law'' means the following:
            (A) Title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and 
        Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100-526; 10 U.S.C. 
        2687 note).
            (B) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 
        (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 
        note).
        (2) The term ``hazardous substance research centers'' means the 
    hazardous substance research centers described in section 311(d) of 
    the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
    Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9660(d)). Such term includes the 
    Great Plains and Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center, 
    the Northeast Hazardous Substance Research Center, the Great Lakes 
    and Mid-Atlantic Hazardous Substance Research Center, the South and 
    Southwest Hazardous Substance Research Center, and the Western 
    Region Hazardous Substance Research Center.
        (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the same 
    meaning given such term in section 1201(a) of the Higher Education 
    Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)).
SEC. 1335. TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EMPLOYEES TO 
CARRY OUT ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS TO BE 
CLOSED.
    (a) Training Program.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
program to provide such training to eligible civilian employees of the 
Department of Defense as the Secretary considers to be necessary to 
qualify such employees to carry out environmental assessment, 
remediation, and restoration activities (including asbestos abatement) 
at military installations closed or to be closed.
    (b) Employment of Graduates.--In the case of eligible civilian 
employees of the Department of Defense who successfully complete the 
training program established pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary 
may--
        (1) employ such employees to carry out environmental assessment, 
    remediation, and restoration activities at military installations 
    referred to in subsection (a); or
        (2) require, as a condition of a contract for the private 
    performance of such activities at such an installation, the 
    contractor to be engaged in carrying out such activities to employ 
    such employees.
    (c) Eligible Employees.--Eligibility for selection to participate in 
the training program under subsection (a) shall be limited to those 
civilian employees of the Department of Defense whose employment would 
be terminated by reason of the closure of a military installation if not 
for the selection of the employees to participate in the training 
program.
    (d) Priority in Training and Employment.--The Secretary shall give 
priority in providing training and employment under this section to 
eligible civilian employees employed at a military installation the 
closure of which will directly result in the termination of the 
employment of at least 1,000 civilian employees of the Department of 
Defense.
    (e) Effect on Other Environmental Requirements.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to revise or modify any requirement 
established under Federal or State law relating to environmental 
assessment, remediation, or restoration activities at military 
installations closed or to be closed.
SEC. 1336. REVISION TO IMPROVEMENTS TO EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING 
ASSISTANCE FOR DISLOCATED WORKERS.
    Section 141(s) of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 
1551(s)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(s)(1) Notwithstanding title II of the Federal Property and 
Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 481 et seq.) and any 
other provision of law, the Secretary and the Secretary of Education 
shall receive priority by the Secretary of Defense for the direct 
transfer, on a nonreimbursable basis, of the property described in 
paragraph (2) for use in carrying out programs under this Act or under 
any other Act.
    ``(2) The property described in this paragraph is both real and 
personal property under the control of the Department of Defense that is 
not used by such Department, including property that the Secretary of 
Defense determines is in excess of current and projected requirements of 
such Department.''.
SEC. 1337. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM FOR THE TRAINING OF RECENTLY DISCHARGED 
VETERANS FOR EMPLOYMENT IN CONSTRUCTION AND IN HAZARDOUS WASTE 
REMEDIATION.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
demonstration program to promote the training and employment of veterans 
in the construction and hazardous waste remediation industries. Using 
funds made available to carry out this section the Secretary shall make 
grants under the demonstration program to organizations that meet the 
eligibility criteria specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Grant Eligibility Criteria.--An organization is eligible to 
receive a grant from the Secretary under subsection (a) if it--
        (1) demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, an 
    ability to recruit and counsel veterans for participation in the 
    demonstration program under this section;
        (2) has entered into an agreement with a joint labor-management 
    training fund established consistent with section 8(f) of the 
    National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 158(f)) to implement and 
    operate a training and employment program for veterans;
        (3) agrees under the agreement referred to in paragraph (2) to 
    use grant funds to carry out a program that will provide eligible 
    veterans with training for employment in the construction and 
    hazardous waste remediation industries;
        (4) provides such training for an eligible veteran for not more 
    than 18 months;
        (5) demonstrates actual experience in providing training for 
    veterans under an agreement referred to in paragraph (2);
        (6) agrees to make, along with all subgrantees, a substantial 
    in-kind contribution (as determined by the Secretary of Defense) 
    from non-Federal sources to the demonstration program under this 
    section; and
        (7) gives its assurances, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, 
    that full time, permanent jobs will be available for individuals 
    successfully completing the training program, with a special 
    emphasis on jobs with employers in construction and hazardous waste 
    remediation on Department of Defense facilities.
    (c) Eligible Veterans.--An individual is an eligible veteran for the 
purposes of this section if the individual--
        (1)(A) served in the active military, naval, or air service for 
    a period of at least two years;
        (B) was discharged or released from active duty because of a 
    service-connected disability; or
        (C) is entitled to compensation (or who but for the receipt of 
    military retired pay would be entitled to compensation) under the 
    laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for a 
    disability rated at 30 percent or more; and
        (2) was discharged or released on or after August 2, 1990, under 
    conditions other than dishonorable.
    (d) Preference.--In carrying out the demonstration program under 
this section, the Secretary shall ensure that a preference is given to 
eligible veterans who had a primary or secondary occupational specialty 
in the Armed Forces that (as determined under regulations prescribed by 
the Secretary and in effect before the date of such separation) is not 
readily transferable to the civilian work force.
    (e) Hazardous Waste Operations Training Goal.--It is the sense of 
Congress that at least 20 percent of the total number of veterans 
completing training under the demonstration program under this section 
should complete the training required--
        (1) for certification under section 126 of the Superfund 
    Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (29 U.S.C. 655 note); and
        (2) under any other Federal law which requires certification for 
    employees engaged in hazardous waste remediation operations.
    (f) Use of Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this section 
may only be used for tuition and stipends to cover the living and travel 
expenses of participants, except that the Secretary may provide that not 
more than a total of four percent of all the funds made available under 
this section may be used for administrative expenses of grantees and 
subgrantees.
    (g) Limitation on Tuition Charged.--The amount of tuition charged 
eligible veterans participating in a training program funded under the 
demonstration program may not exceed the amount of tuition charged to 
nonveterans participating in programs substantially similar to that 
training program.
    (h) Limitation on Expenditures Per Participant.--Of the funds made 
available to carry out this section--
        (1) not more than $1,000 may be expended with respect to each 
    veteran participating in the construction phase of the demonstration 
    program; and
        (2) not more than an additional $1,000 may be expended with 
    respect to each veteran participating in the hazardous waste 
    remediation phase of the demonstration program, except that the 
    Secretary may authorize an additional $300 for the training of a 
    veteran participating in such phase if the Secretary determines that 
    such additional amount is necessary because of the type of training 
    needed for the particular kind of hazardous waste remediation 
    involved.
    (i) Reports.--(1) Not later than November 1, 1994, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress an interim report describing the manner in 
which the demonstration program under this section is being carried out, 
including a detailed description of the number of grants made, the 
number of veterans involved, the kinds of training received, and any job 
placements that have occurred or that are anticipated.
    (2) Not later than December 31, 1995, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a final report containing a description of the results of the 
demonstration program with a detailed description of the number of 
grants made, the number of veterans involved, the number of veterans who 
completed the program, the number of veterans who were placed in jobs, 
the number of veterans who failed to complete the program along with the 
reasons for such failure, and any recommendations the Secretary 
considers to be appropriate.
    (j) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the terms 
``veteran'', ``service-connected'', ``active duty'', and ``active 
military, naval, or air service'' have the meanings given such terms in 
paragraphs (2), (16), (21), and (24), respectively, of section 101 of 
title 38, United States Code.
    (k) Termination.--Not later than October 1, 1994, the Secretary 
shall obligate, in accordance with the provisions of this section, the 
funds made available to carry out the demonstration program under this 
section.
SEC. 1338. SERVICE MEMBERS OCCUPATIONAL CONVERSION AND TRAINING.
    (a) Authorization for Fiscal Year 1994.--Section 4495(a)(1) of the 
Service Members Occupational Conversion and Training Act of 1992 
(subtitle G of title XLIV of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2768; 10 
U.S.C. 1143 note) is amended by inserting after the first sentence the 
following: ``Of the amounts made available pursuant to section 1302(a) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994, 
$25,000,000 shall be made available for the purpose of making payments 
to employers under this subtitle.''.
    (b) Time Period for Application and Initiation of Training.--Section 
4496 of such Act (106 Stat. 2769) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``September 30, 1995'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1996''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``March 31, 1996'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``March 31, 1997''.
    (c) Provision of Training Through Educational Institutions.--Section 
4489 of such Act (106 Stat. 2764) is amended in the first sentence by 
inserting ``or any other institution offering a program of job training, 
as approved by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs,'' after ``United 
States Code,''.
SEC. 1339. AMENDMENTS TO DEFENSE DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAM UNDER JOB 
TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT.
    (a) Expanded Eligibility for Civilian Employees of the Department of 
Defense Employed at Certain Military Installations.--Section 
325A(b)(2)(B)(ii) of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1662d-
1(b)(2)(B)(ii)) is amended--
        (1) in subclause (I), by striking out ``and'' after the 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subclause (II), by striking out the period at the end and 
    inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subclauses:

                    ``(III) section 2687 of title 10, United States 
                Code; and
                    ``(IV) any other similar law enacted after the date 
                of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 1994.''.

    (b) Demonstration Projects.--Section 325A(k)(1) of the Job Training 
Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1662d-1(k)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking out ``and'' after the 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking out the period and 
    inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) projects involving teams of transition assistance 
        specialists from Federal, State, and local agencies to provide 
        onsite services, including assisting affected communities in 
        short-term and long-term planning and assisting affected 
        individuals through counseling and referrals to appropriate 
        services, at the site of such reductions or closures within 60 
        days of the announcement of such reductions or closures;
            ``(E) projects to assist in establishing transition 
        assistance centers at the installations where large dislocations 
        occur to provide comprehensive services to individuals affected 
        by such dislocations;
            ``(F) projects involving the joint efforts of Federal 
        agencies, such as the Department of Labor, the Department of 
        Defense, the Department of Commerce, and the Small Business 
        Administration, to assist communities affected by such 
        reductions or closures in developing integrated community 
        planning processes to facilitate the retraining of affected 
        individuals and the conversion of installations to commercial 
        uses;
            ``(G) projects to develop new information and data systems 
        to assist individuals and communities affected by such 
        reductions or closures, including the development of data bases 
        with the capability to provide an affected individual with a 
        civilian economy skills profile which takes into account the 
        skills acquired while working on defense-related matters; and
            ``(H) projects to assist small and medium-sized firms 
        affected by such reductions or closures in the formation of 
        learning consortia, which will promote joint efforts for staff 
        training, human resource development, product development, and 
        the marketing of products.''.
    (c) Staff Training, Administration, and Coordination.--Section 325A 
of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1662d-1) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (o); and
        (2) by adding the following new subsections after subsection 
    (k):
    ``(l) Staff Training and Technical Assistance.--In carrying out the 
grant program established under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
may provide staff training and technical assistance services to States, 
communities, businesses, and labor organizations, and other entities 
involved in providing adjustment assistance to workers.
    ``(m) Administrative Expenses.--Not more than 2 percent of the funds 
available to the Secretary of Defense to carry out this section for any 
fiscal year may be retained by the Secretary of Defense for the 
administration of activities authorized under this section.
    ``(n) Coordination With Technology Reinvestment Projects.--The 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
ensure that activities carried out under this section are coordinated 
with relevant activities carried out pursuant to title IV of the 
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 102-396; 106 
Stat. 1890).''.
              Subtitle D--National Shipbuilding Initiative

SEC. 1351. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``National Shipbuilding and 
Shipyard Conversion Act of 1993''.

SEC. 1352. NATIONAL SHIPBUILDING INITIATIVE.

    (a) Establishment of Program.--There shall be a National 
Shipbuilding Initiative program, to be carried out to support the 
industrial base for national security objectives by assisting in the 
reestablishment of the United States shipbuilding industry as a self-
sufficient, internationally competitive industry.
    (b) Administering Departments.--The program shall be carried out--
        (1) by the Secretary of Defense, with respect to programs under 
    the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense; and
        (2) by the Secretary of Transportation, with respect to programs 
    under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Transportation.
    (c) Program Elements.--The National Shipbuilding Initiative shall 
consist of the following program elements:
        (1) Financial incentives program.--A financial incentives 
    program to provide loan guarantees to initiate commercial ship 
    construction for domestic and export sales, encourage shipyard 
    modernization, and support increased productivity.
        (2) Technology development program.--A technology development 
    program, to be carried out within the Department of Defense by the 
    Advanced Research Projects Agency, to improve the technology base 
    for advanced shipbuilding technologies and related dual-use 
    technologies through activities including a development program for 
    innovative commercial ship design and production processes and 
    technologies.
        (3) Navy's affordability through commonality program.--Enhanced 
    support by the Secretary of Defense for the shipbuilding program of 
    the Department of the Navy known as the Affordability Through 
    Commonality (ATC) program, to include enhanced support (A) for the 
    development of common modules for military and commercial ships, and 
    (B) to foster civil-military integration into the next generation of 
    Naval surface combatants.
        (4) Navy's manufacturing technology and technology base 
    programs.--Enhanced support by the Secretary of Defense for, and 
    strengthened funding for, that portion of the Manufacturing 
    Technology program of the Navy, and that portion of the Technology 
    Base program of the Navy, that are in the areas of shipbuilding 
    technologies and ship repair technologies.
SEC. 1353. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAM MANAGEMENT THROUGH ADVANCED 
RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY.
    The Secretary of Defense shall designate the Advanced Research 
Projects Agency of the Department of Defense as the lead agency of the 
Department of Defense for activities of the Department of Defense which 
are part of the National Shipbuilding Initiative program. Those 
activities shall be carried out as part of defense conversion activities 
of the Department of Defense.
SEC. 1354. ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY FUNCTIONS AND MINIMUM 
FINANCIAL COMMITMENT OF NON-FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPANTS.
    (a) ARPA Functions.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, shall carry out the 
following functions with respect to the National Shipbuilding Initiative 
program:
        (1) Consultation with the Maritime Administration, the Office of 
    Economic Adjustment, the National Economic Council, the National 
    Shipbuilding Research Project, the Coast Guard, the National Oceanic 
    and Atmospheric Administration, appropriate naval commands and 
    activities, and other appropriate Federal agencies on--
            (A) development and transfer to the private sector of dual-
        use shipbuilding technologies, ship repair technologies, and 
        shipbuilding management technologies;
            (B) assessments of potential markets for maritime products; 
        and
            (C) recommendation of industrial entities, partnerships, 
        joint ventures, or consortia for short- and long-term 
        manufacturing technology investment strategies.
        (2) Funding and program management activities to develop 
    innovative design and production processes and the technologies 
    required to implement those processes.
        (3) Facilitation of industry and Government technology 
    development and technology transfer activities (including education 
    and training, market assessments, simulations, hardware models and 
    prototypes, and national and regional industrial base studies).
        (4) Integration of promising technology advances made in the 
    Technology Reinvestment Program of the Advanced Research Projects 
    Agency into the National Shipbuilding Initiative to effect full 
    defense conversion potential.
    (b) Financial Commitment of Non-Federal Government Participants.--
        (1) Maximum department of defense share.--The Secretary of 
    Defense shall ensure that the amount of funds provided by the 
    Secretary to a non-Federal government participant does not exceed 50 
    percent of the total cost of technology development and technology 
    transfer activities.
        (2) Regulations.--The Secretary may prescribe regulations to 
    provide for consideration of in-kind contributions by non-Federal 
    Government participants in a partnership for the purpose of 
    calculating the share of the partnership costs that has been or is 
    being undertaken by such participants. In prescribing the 
    regulations, the Secretary may determine that a participant that is 
    a small business concern may use funds received under the Small 
    Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business 
    Technology Transfer Program to help pay the costs of partnership 
    activities. Any such funds so used may be included in calculating 
    the amount of the financial commitment undertaken by the non-Federal 
    Government participants unless the Secretary determines that the 
    small business concern has not made a significant equity 
    contribution in the program from non-Federal sources.
SEC. 1355. AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO MAKE LOAN 
GUARANTEES.
    (a) In General.--Title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new section:
    ``Sec. 1111. (a) Authority To Guarantee Obligations for Eligible 
Export Vessels.--The Secretary may guarantee obligations for eligible 
export vessels--
        ``(1) in accordance with the terms and conditions of this title 
    applicable to loan guarantees in the case of vessels documented 
    under the laws of the United States; or
        ``(2) in accordance with such other terms as the Secretary 
    determines to be more favorable than the terms otherwise provided in 
    this title and to be compatible with export credit terms offered by 
    foreign governments for the sale of vessels built in foreign 
    shipyards.
    ``(b) Interagency Council.--
        ``(1) Establishment; composition.--There is hereby established 
    an interagency council for the purposes of this section. The council 
    shall be composed of the Secretary of Transportation, who shall be 
    chairman of the Council, the Secretary of the Treasury, the 
    Secretary of State, the Assistant to the President for Economic 
    Policy, the United States Trade Representative, and the President 
    and Chairman of the United States Export-Import Bank, or their 
    designees.
    ``(2) Purpose of the council.--The council shall--
        ``(A) obtain information on shipbuilding loan guarantees, on 
    direct and indirect subsidies, and on other favorable treatment of 
    shipyards provided by foreign governments to shipyards in 
    competition with United States shipyards; and
        ``(B) provide guidance to the Secretary in establishing terms 
    for loan guarantees for eligible export vessels under subsection 
    (a)(2).
    ``(3) Consultation with u.s. shipbuilders.--The council shall 
consult regularly with United States shipbuilders to obtain the 
essential information concerning international shipbuilding competition 
on which to set terms and conditions for loan guarantees under 
subsection (a)(2).
    ``(4) Annual Report.--Not later than January 31 of each year 
(beginning in 1995), the Secretary of Transportation shall submit to 
Congress a report on the activities of the Secretary under this section 
during the preceding year. Each report shall include documentation of 
sources of information on assistance provided by the governments of 
other nations to shipyards in those nations and a summary of 
recommendations made to the Secretary during the preceding year 
regarding applications submitted to the Secretary during that year for 
loan guarantees under this title for construction of eligible export 
vessels.''.
    (b) Implementation.--
        (1) Initial designation of council members.--Each member of the 
    council established under section 1111(b) of the Merchant Marine 
    Act, 1936, as added by subsection (a), shall name a designee for 
    service on the council not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act. Each such member shall promptly notify the 
    Secretary of Transportation of that designation.
        (2) Designation of senior marad official.--Not later than 30 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Transportation shall designate a senior official within the Maritime 
    Administration to have the responsibility and authority to carry out 
    the terms and conditions set forth under section 1111 of title XI 
    the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as added by subsection (a). The 
    Secretary shall make the designation of that official known through 
    a public announcement in a national periodical.

SEC. 1356. LOAN GUARANTEES FOR EXPORT VESSELS.

    Title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 App. U.S.C. 1271 et 
seq.) is amended as follows:
        (1) Eligible export vessel defined.--Section 1101 is amended by 
    adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(o) The term `eligible export vessel' means a vessel constructed, 
reconstructed, or reconditioned in the United States for use in world-
wide trade which will, upon delivery or redelivery, be placed under or 
continued to be documented under the laws of a country other than the 
United States.''.
        (2) Limitations on guarantee obligations.--Section 1103 is 
    amended--
            (A) by amending the first sentence of subsection (f) to read 
        as follows: ``The aggregate unpaid principal amount of the 
        obligations guaranteed under this section and outstanding at any 
        one time shall not exceed $12,000,000,000, of which (1) 
        $850,000,000 shall be limited to obligations pertaining to 
        guarantees of obligations for fishing vessels and fishery 
        facilities made under this title, and (2) $3,000,000,000 shall 
        be limited to obligations pertaining to guarantees of 
        obligations for eligible export vessels.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) The Secretary may not issue a commitment to guarantee 
obligations for an eligible export vessel unless, after considering--
        ``(A) the status of pending applications for commitments to 
    guarantee obligations for vessels documented under the laws of the 
    United States and operating or to be operated in the domestic or 
    foreign commerce of the United States,
        ``(B) the economic soundness of the applications referred to in 
    subparagraph (A), and
        ``(C) the amount of guarantee authority available,
the Secretary determines, in the sole discretion of the Secretary, that 
the issuance of a commitment to guarantee obligations for an eligible 
export vessel will not result in the denial of an economically sound 
application to issue a commitment to guarantee obligations for vessels 
documented under the laws of the United States operating in the domestic 
or foreign commerce of the United States.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not issue commitments to guarantee 
obligations for eligible export vessels under this section after the 
later of--
        ``(A) the 5th anniversary of the date on which the Secretary 
    publishes final regulations setting forth the application procedures 
    for the issuance of commitments to guarantee obligations for 
    eligible export vessels,
        ``(B) the last day of any 5-year period in which funding and 
    guarantee authority for obligations for eligible export vessels have 
    been continuously available, or
        ``(C) the last date on which those commitments may be issued 
    under any treaty or convention entered into after the date of the 
    enactment of the National Shipbuilding and Shipyard Conversion Act 
    of 1993 that prohibits guarantee of those obligations.''.
        (3) Authority to guarantee obligations for eligible export 
    vessels.--Section 1104A is amended--
            (A) by amending so much of subsection (a)(1) as precedes the 
        proviso to read as follows:
        ``(1) financing, including reimbursement of an obligor for 
    expenditures previously made for, construction, reconstruction, or 
    reconditioning of a vessel (including an eligible export vessel), 
    which is designed principally for research, or for commercial use 
    (A) in the coastwise or intercoastal trade; (B) on the Great Lakes, 
    or on bays, sounds, rivers, harbors, or inland lakes of the United 
    States; (C) in foreign trade as defined in section 905 of this Act 
    for purposes of title V of this Act; or (D) as an ocean thermal 
    energy conversion facility or plantship; (E) with respect to 
    floating drydocks in the construction, reconstruction, 
    reconditioning, or repair of vessels; or (F) with respect to an 
    eligible export vessel, in world-wide trade;'';
            (B) by amending subsection (b)(2)--
                (i) by striking ``subject to the provisions of paragraph 
            (1) of subsection (c) of this section,'' and inserting 
            ``subject to the provisions of subsection (c)(1) and 
            subsection (i),'', and
                (ii) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the 
            following: ``: Provided further, That in the case of an 
            eligible export vessel, such obligations may be in an 
            aggregate principal amount which does not exceed 87\1/2\ of 
            the actual cost or depreciated actual cost of the eligible 
            export vessel'';
            (C) by amending subsection (b)(6) by inserting after 
        ``United States Coast Guard'' the following: ``or, in the case 
        of an eligible export vessel, of the appropriate national flag 
        authorities under a treaty, convention, or other international 
        agreement to which the United States is a party'';
            (D) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(3) No commitment to guarantee, or guarantee of an obligation 
    may be made by the Secretary under this title for the construction, 
    reconstruction, or reconditioning of an eligible export vessel 
    unless--
            ``(A) the Secretary finds that the construction, 
        reconstruction, or reconditioning of that vessel will aid in the 
        transition of United States shipyards to commercial activities 
        or will preserve shipbuilding assets that would be essential in 
        time of war or national emergency, and
            ``(B) the owner of the vessel agrees with the Secretary of 
        Transportation that the vessel shall not be transferred to any 
        country designated by the Secretary of Defense as a country 
        whose interests are hostile to the interests of the United 
        States.''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(i) The Secretary may not, with respect to--
        ``(1) the general 75 percent or less limitation in subsection 
    (b)(2);
        ``(2) the 87\1/2\ percent or less limitation in the 1st, 2nd, 
    4th, or 5th proviso to subsection (b)(2) or section 1112(b); or
        ``(3) the 80 percent or less limitation in the 3rd proviso to 
    such subsection;
establish by rule, regulation, or procedure any percentage within any 
such limitation that is, or is intended to be, applied uniformly to all 
guarantees or commitments to guarantee made under this section that are 
subject to the limitation.
    ``(j)(1) Upon receiving an application for a loan guarantee for an 
eligible export vessel, the Secretary shall promptly provide to the 
Secretary of Defense notice of the receipt of the application. During 
the 30-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense receives such notice, the Secretary of Defense may disapprove 
the loan guarantee based on the assessment of the Secretary of the 
potential use of the vessel in a manner that may cause harm to United 
States national security interests. The Secretary of Defense may not 
disapprove a loan guarantee under this section solely on the basis of 
the type of vessel to be constructed with the loan guarantee. The 
authority of the Secretary to disapprove a loan guarantee under this 
section may not be delegated to any official other than a civilian 
officer of the Department of Defense appointed by the President, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Transportation may not make a loan guarantee 
disapproved by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1).''.
        (4) Limitation on authority to establish uniform percentage 
    limitation.--Section 1104B is amended by adding at the end of 
    subsection (b) the following flush sentence:
``The Secretary may not by rule, regulation, or procedure establish any 
percentage within the 87\1/2\ percent or less limitation in paragraph 
(2) that is, or is intended to be, applied uniformly to all guarantees 
or commitments to guarantee made under this section.''.
        (5) Conforming amendment.--Section 1103(a) is amended in the 
    first sentence by striking ``, upon application by a citizen of the 
    United States,''.
SEC. 1357. LOAN GUARANTEES FOR SHIPYARD MODERNIZATION AND IMPROVEMENT.
    (a) In General.--Title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new section:
    ``Sec. 1112. (a) The Secretary, under section 1103(a) and subject to 
the terms the Secretary shall prescribe, may guarantee or make a 
commitment to guarantee the payment of the principal of, and the 
interest on, an obligation for advanced shipbuilding technology and 
modern shipbuilding technology of a general shipyard facility located in 
the United States.
    ``(b) Guarantees or commitments to guarantee under this section are 
subject to the extent applicable to all the laws, requirements, 
regulations, and procedures that apply to guarantees or commitments to 
guarantee made under this title, except that guarantees or commitments 
to guarantee made under this section may be in the aggregate principal 
amount that does not exceed 87\1/2\ percent of the actual cost of the 
advanced shipbuilding technology or modern shipbuilding technology.
    ``(c) The Secretary may accept the transfer of funds from any other 
department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government 
and may use those funds to cover the cost (as defined in section 502 of 
the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990) of making guarantees or 
commitments to guarantee loans entered into under this section.
    ``(d) For purposes of this section:
        ``(1) The term `advanced shipbuilding technology' includes--
            ``(A) numerically controlled machine tools, robots, 
        automated process control equipment, computerized flexible 
        manufacturing systems, associated computer software, and other 
        technology for improving shipbuilding and related industrial 
        production which advance the state-of-the-art; and
            ``(B) novel techniques and processes designed to improve 
        shipbuilding quality, productivity, and practice, and to promote 
        sustainable development, including engineering design, quality 
        assurance, concurrent engineering, continuous process production 
        technology, energy efficiency, waste minimization, design for 
        recyclability or parts reuse, inventory management, upgraded 
        worker skills, and communications with customers and suppliers.
        ``(2) The term `modern shipbuilding technology' means the best 
    available proven technology, techniques, and processes appropriate 
    to enhancing the productivity of shipyards.
        ``(3) The term `general shipyard facility' means--
            ``(A) for operations on land--
                ``(i) any structure or appurtenance thereto designed for 
            the construction, repair, rehabilitation, refurbishment or 
            rebuilding of any vessel (as defined in title 1, United 
            States Code) and including graving docks, building ways, 
            ship lifts, wharves, and pier cranes;
                ``(ii) the land necessary for any structure or 
            appurtenance described in clause (i); and
                ``(iii) equipment that is for the use in connection with 
            any structure or appurtenance and that is necessary for the 
            performance of any function referred to in subparagraph (A);
            ``(B) for operations other than on land, any vessel, 
        floating drydock or barge built in the United States and used 
        for, equipped to be used for, or of a type that is normally used 
        for activities referred to in subparagraph (A)(i) of this 
        paragraph.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1101(n) of that Act (46 App. 
U.S.C. 1271(n)) is amended by striking ``vessels.'' and inserting 
``vessels and general shipyard facilities (as defined in section 
1112(d)(3)).''.

SEC. 1358. ELIGIBLE SHIPYARDS.

    To be eligible to receive loan guarantee assistance under title XI 
of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, a shipyard must be a private shipyard 
located in the United States.
SEC. 1359. FUNDING FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEE COMMITMENTS FOR FISCAL 
YEAR 1994.
    (a) Funding.--(1) The amount appropriated to the Secretary of 
Defense pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 108 
shall be available only for transfer to the Secretary of Transportation 
and shall be available only for costs (as defined in section 502 of the 
Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a)) of new loan guarantee 
commitments under (A) section 1104A(a)(1) of the Merchant Marine Act, 
1936 (46 App. U.S.C. 1274(a)(1)), as amended by section 1356, or section 
1111(a)(2) of such Act, as added by section 1355, for vessels of at 
least 5,000 gross tons that are commercially marketable on the 
international market (including eligible export vessels), and (B) 
section 1112 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as added by section 1357.
     (2) Of the amount referred to in paragraph (1) that is obligated in 
any year, not more than 12\1/2\ percent may be obligated for costs of 
new loan guarantee commitments under section 1112 of the Merchant Marine 
Act, 1936, as added by section 1357.
    (3) In making loan guarantee commitments using funds referred to in 
paragraph (1) for the purpose described in paragraph (2), the Secretary 
of Transportation shall give priority to applications from shipyards 
that have engaged in naval vessel construction.
    (b) Transfer to Secretary of Transportation.--Subject to the 
provisions of appropriations Acts, amounts made available under 
subsection (a) shall be transferred to the Secretary of Transportation 
for use as described in that subsection. Any such transfer shall be made 
not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of an Act 
appropriating the funds to be transferred.
    (c) Limitations on the Use of Department of Defense Funds.--(1) 
Funds available to the Secretary of Transportation from the Department 
of Defense under this section may be obligated only to the extent that 
an equal amount of funds is available for purposes of this section from 
non-Department of Defense sources.
    (2) Funds available as of the date of the enactment of this Act 
under loan guarantee programs under title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 
1936, are considered non-Department of Defense funds for purposes of 
paragraph (1).
SEC. 1360. COURT SALE TO ENFORCE PREFERRED MORTGAGE LIENS FOR EXPORT 
VESSELS.
    Section 31326(b) of title 46, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including a preferred 
    mortgage lien on a foreign vessel whose mortgage has been guaranteed 
    under title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 App. U.S.C. 1101 
    et seq.)'' after ``preferred mortgage lien'', and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``whose mortgage has not been 
    guaranteed under title XI of that Act'' after ``foreign vessel''.

SEC. 1361. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Authorizations for Department of Transportation.--There is 
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation for 
fiscal year 1994 the sum of $10,000,000 to pay administrative costs 
related to new loan guarantee commitments described in subsection (a) of 
section 1359.
    (b) Availability of Amounts.--Amounts appropriated under the 
authority of this section shall remain available until expended.

SEC. 1362. REGULATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe regulations as 
necessary to carry out the Secretary's responsibilities under this title 
(including the amendments made by this title).
    (b) Interim Regulations.--The Secretary of Transportation may 
prescribe interim regulations necessary to carry out this title and for 
accepting applications under title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, 
as amended by this title. For that purpose, the Secretary is excepted 
from compliance with the notice and comment requirements of section 553 
of title 5, United States Code. All regulations prescribed under this 
subsection that are not earlier superseded by final rules shall expire 
270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1363. SHIPYARD CONVERSION AND REUSE STUDIES.

    (a) Studies Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall make community 
adjustment and diversification assistance available under section 
2391(b) of title 10, United States Code, for the purpose of--
        (1) conducting a study regarding the feasibility of converting 
    and reutilizing the Charleston Naval Shipyard, South Carolina, as a 
    facility primarily oriented toward commercial use; and
        (2) conducting a study regarding the feasibility of converting 
    and reutilizing the Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, as a 
    facility primarily oriented toward commercial use.
    (b) Funding.--Of the amount made available pursuant to section 
1302(a), $500,000 shall be available to carry out each of the studies 
required by subsection (a).
                        Subtitle E--Other Matters
SEC. 1371. ENCOURAGEMENT OF THE PURCHASE OR LEASE OF VEHICLES PRODUCING 
ZERO OR VERY LOW EXHAUST EMISSIONS.
    From funds authorized to be appropriated in subtitle A of title I 
and section 301 for the purchase or lease of non-tactical administrative 
vehicles (such as automobiles, utility trucks, buses, and vans), the 
Secretary of Defense is encouraged to expend not less than 10 percent of 
such funds for the purchase or lease of vehicles producing zero or very 
low exhaust emissions.
SEC. 1372. REVISION TO REQUIREMENTS FOR NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS UPON 
PENDING OR ACTUAL TERMINATION OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS.
    Section 4471 of the Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition 
Assistance Act of 1992 (division D of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 
2753; 10 U.S.C. 2501 note) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 4471. NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS AND EMPLOYEES UPON PROPOSED AND 
ACTUAL TERMINATION OR SUBSTANTIAL REDUCTION IN MAJOR DEFENSE PROGRAMS.
    ``(a) Notice Requirement After Submission of President's Budget to 
Congress.--Each year, in conjunction with the preparation of the budget 
for the next fiscal year to be submitted to Congress under section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
determine which major defense programs (if any) are proposed to be 
terminated or substantially reduced under the budget. As soon as 
reasonably practicable after the date on which the budget is submitted 
to Congress under such section, and not more than 180 days after such 
date, the Secretary, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary, shall provide notice of the proposed termination of, or 
substantial reduction in, each such program--
        ``(1) directly to each prime contractor under that program; and
        ``(2) by general notice through publication in the Federal 
    Register.
    ``(b) Notice Requirement After Enactment of Appropriations Act.--
Each year, as soon as reasonably practicable after the date of the 
enactment of an Act appropriating funds for the military functions of 
the Department of Defense, and not more than 180 days after such date, 
the Secretary of Defense, in accordance with regulations prescribed by 
the Secretary--
        ``(1) shall determine which major defense programs (if any) of 
    the Department of Defense that were not previously identified under 
    subsection (a) are likely to be terminated or substantially reduced 
    as a result of the funding levels provided in that Act; and
        ``(2) shall provide notice of the anticipated termination of, or 
    substantial reduction in, that program--
            ``(A) directly to each prime contractor under that program;
            ``(B) directly to the Secretary of Labor; and
            ``(C) by general notice through publication in the Federal 
        Register.
    ``(c) Notice to Subcontractors.--As soon as reasonably practicable 
after the date on which the prime contractor for a major defense program 
receives notice under subsection (a) or (b) of the termination of, or 
substantial reduction in, that program, and not more than 45 days after 
such date, the prime contractor shall--
        ``(1) provide notice of that termination or substantial 
    reduction to each person that is a first-tier subcontractor for that 
    program under a contract in an amount not less than $500,000 for the 
    program; and
        ``(2) require that each such subcontractor--
            ``(A) provide such notice to each of its subcontractors for 
        the program under a contract in an amount in excess of $100,000; 
        and
            ``(B) impose a similar notice and pass through requirement 
        to subcontractors in an amount in excess of $100,000 at all 
        tiers.
    ``(d) Contractor Notice to Employees and State Dislocated Worker 
Unit.--Not later than two weeks after a defense contractor receives 
notice under subsection (a)(1) or (b)(1), as the case may be, of the 
termination of, or substantial reduction in, a defense program, the 
contractor shall provide notice of such termination or substantial 
reduction to--
        ``(1)(A) each representative of employees whose work is directly 
    related to the defense contract under such program and who are 
    employed by the defense contractor; or
        ``(B) if there is no such representative at that time, each such 
    employee; and
        ``(2) the State dislocated worker unit or office described in 
    section 311(b)(2) of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 
    1661(b)(2)) and the chief elected official of the unit of general 
    local government within which the adverse effect may occur.
    ``(e) Constructive Notice.--The notice of termination of, or 
substantial reduction in, a major defense program provided under 
subsection (d)(1) to an employee of a contractor shall have the same 
effect as a notice of termination to such employee for the purposes of 
determining whether such employee is eligible for training, adjustment 
assistance, and employment services under section 325 or 325A of the Job 
Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1662d, 1662d-1), except where the 
employer has specified that the termination of, or substantial reduction 
in, the program is not likely to result in plant closure or mass layoff. 
Any employee considered to have received such notice under the preceding 
sentence shall only be eligible to receive services under section 314(b) 
of such Act (29 U.S.C. 1661c(b)) and under paragraphs (1) through (14), 
(16), and (18) of section 314(c) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 1661c(c)).
    ``(f) Withdrawal of Notification Upon Sufficient Funding for Program 
To Continue.--
        ``(1) Notice to prime contractor.--If the Secretary of Defense 
    provides a notification under subsection (a) for a fiscal year with 
    respect to a major defense program and the Secretary subsequently 
    determines, upon enactment of an Act appropriating funds for the 
    military functions of the Department of Defense for that fiscal year 
    that due to a sufficient level of funding for the program having 
    been provided in that Act there will not be a termination of, or 
    substantial reduction in, that program, then the Secretary shall 
    provide notice of withdrawal of the notification provided under 
    subsection (a) to each prime contractor that received that notice 
    under such subsection. Any such notice of withdrawal shall be 
    provided as soon as reasonably practicable after the date of the 
    enactment of the appropriations Act concerned. In any such case, the 
    Secretary shall at the same time provide general notice of such 
    withdrawal by publication in the Federal Register.
        ``(2) Notice to subcontractors.--As soon as reasonably 
    practicable after the date on which the prime contractor for a major 
    defense program receives notice under paragraph (1) of the 
    withdrawal of a notification previously provided to the contractor 
    under subsection (a), and not more than 45 days after that date, the 
    prime contractor shall provide notice of such withdrawal to each 
    person that is a first-tier subcontractor for the program under a 
    contract in an amount not less than $500,000 for the program and 
    shall require that each such subcontractor provide such notice to 
    each subcontractor for the program under a contract in an amount not 
    less than $100,000 at any tier.
        ``(3) Notice to employees.--As soon as reasonably practicable 
    after the date on which a prime contractor receives notice of 
    withdrawal under paragraph (1) or a subcontractor receives such a 
    notice under paragraph (2), and not more than two weeks after that 
    date, the contractor or subcontractor shall provide notice of such 
    withdrawal--
            ``(A) to each representative of employees whose work is 
        directly related to the defense contract under the program and 
        who are employed by the contractor or subcontractor or, if there 
        is no such representative at that time, each such employee;
            ``(B) to the State dislocated worker unit or office 
        described in section 311(b)(2) of the Job Training Partnership 
        Act (29 U.S.C. 1661(b)(2)) and the chief elected official of the 
        unit of general local government within which the adverse effect 
        may occur; and
            ``(C) to each grantee under section 325(a) or 325A(a) of the 
        Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1662d, 1662d-1) 
        providing training, adjustment assistance, and employment 
        services to an employee described in this paragraph.
        ``(4) Loss of eligibility.--An employee who receives a notice of 
    withdrawal under paragraph (3) shall not be eligible for training, 
    adjustment assistance, and employment services under section 325 or 
    325A of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1662d, 1662d-1) 
    beginning on the date on which the employee receives the notice.
    ``(g) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        ``(1) The term `major defense program' means a program that is 
    carried out to produce or acquire a major system (as defined in 
    section 2302(5) of title 10, United States Code).
        ``(2) The terms `substantial reduction' and `substantially 
    reduced', with respect to a major defense program, mean a reduction 
    of 25 percent or more in the total dollar value of contracts under 
    the program.''.

SEC. 1373. REGIONAL RETRAINING SERVICES CLEARINGHOUSES.

    (a) Establishment Required.--The Secretary of Labor, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Defense, may carry out a demonstration project to 
establish one or more regional retraining services clearinghouses to 
serve eligible persons described in subsection (b).
    (b) Persons Eligible for Clearinghouse Services.--The following 
persons shall be eligible to receive services through the 
clearinghouses:
        (1) Members of the Armed Forces who are discharged or released 
    from active duty.
        (2) Civilian employees of the Department of Defense who are 
    terminated from such employment as a result of reductions in defense 
    spending or the closure or realignment of a military installation, 
    as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
        (3) Employees of defense contractors who are terminated or laid 
    off (or receive a notice of termination or lay off) as a result of 
    the completion or termination of a defense contract or program or 
    reductions in defense spending, as determined by the Secretary of 
    Defense.
    (c) Informational Activities of Clearinghouses.--The clearinghouses 
shall--
        (1) collect educational materials that have been prepared for 
    the purpose of providing information regarding available retraining 
    programs, in particular those programs dealing with critical skills 
    needed in advanced manufacturing and skill areas in which shortages 
    of skilled employees exist;
        (2) establish and maintain a data base for the purpose of 
    storing and categorizing such materials based on the different needs 
    of eligible persons; and
        (3) furnish such materials, upon request, to educational 
    institutions and other interested persons.
    (d) Funding.--From the unobligated balance of funds made available 
pursuant to section 4465(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 29 U.S.C. 1662d-1 note) to 
carry out section 325A of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 
1662d-1), not more than $10,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary 
of Labor to carry out this section during fiscal year 1994. Funds made 
available under section 1302 for defense conversion, reinvestment, and 
transition assistance programs shall not be used to carry out this 
section.
SEC. 1374. USE OF NAVAL INSTALLATIONS TO PROVIDE EMPLOYMENT TRAINING TO 
NONVIOLENT OFFENDERS IN STATE PENAL SYSTEMS.
    (a) Demonstration Project Authorized.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
conduct a demonstration project to test the feasibility of using Navy 
facilities to provide employment training to nonviolent offenders in a 
State penal system prior to their release from incarceration. The 
demonstration project shall be limited to not more than three military 
installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    (b) Agreements With Nonprofit Organizations.--The Secretary may 
enter into a cooperative agreement with one or more private, nonprofit 
organizations for purposes of providing at the military installations 
included in the demonstration project the prerelease employment training 
authorized under subsection (a).
    (c) Use of Facilities.--Under a cooperative agreement entered into 
under subsection (b), the Secretary may lease or otherwise make 
available to a nonprofit organization participating in the demonstration 
project at a military installation included in the demonstration project 
any real property or facilities at the installation that the Secretary 
considers to be appropriate for use to provide the prerelease employment 
training authorized under subsection (a). Notwithstanding section 
2667(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, the use of such real 
property or facilities may be permitted with or without reimbursement.
    (d) Acceptance of Services.--Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 
31, United States Code, the Secretary may accept voluntary services 
provided by persons participating in the prerelease employment training 
authorized under subsection (a).
    (e) Liability and Indemnification.--A nonprofit organization 
participating in the demonstration project shall be liable for any loss 
or damage to Government property that may result from, or in connection 
with, the provision of prerelease employment training by the 
organization under demonstration project. The nonprofit organization 
also shall hold harmless and indemnify the United States from and 
against any suit, claim, demand, action, or liability arising out of any 
claim for personal injury or property damage that may result from or in 
connection with the demonstration project.
    (f) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
evaluating the success of the demonstration project and containing such 
recommendations with regard to the termination, continuation, or 
expansion of the demonstration project as the Secretary considers to be 
appropriate.
         TITLE XIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ALLIES AND OTHER NATIONS
                   Subtitle A--Defense Burden Sharing

SEC. 1401. DEFENSE BURDENS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Since fiscal year 1985, the budget of the Department of 
    Defense has declined by 34 percent in constant fiscal year 1985 
    dollars.
        (2) During the past few years, the United States military 
    presence overseas has declined significantly in the following ways:
            (A) Since fiscal year 1986, the number of United States 
        military personnel permanently stationed overseas has declined 
        by almost 200,000.
            (B) From fiscal year 1989 to fiscal year 1994, spending by 
        the United States to support the stationing of United States 
        military forces overseas will have declined by 36 percent.
            (C) Since January 1990, the Department of Defense has 
        announced the closure, reduction, or transfer to standby status 
        of 840 United States military facilities overseas, which is 
        approximately a 50 percent reduction in the number of such 
        facilities.
        (3) The United States military presence overseas will continue 
    to decline as a result of actions by the executive branch and as a 
    result of the following provisions of law:
            (A) Section 1302 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1993, which requires a 40 percent reduction by 
        September 30, 1996, in the number of United States military 
        personnel permanently stationed ashore in overseas locations.
            (B) Section 1303 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1993, which provides that no more than 100,000 
        United States military personnel may be permanently stationed 
        ashore in NATO member countries after September 30, 1996.
            (C) Section 1301 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1993, which reduced the spending proposed by the 
        Department of Defense for overseas basing activities during 
        fiscal year 1993 by $500,000,000.
            (D) Sections 913 and 915 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, which directed 
        the President to develop a plan to gradually reduce the United 
        States military force structure in East Asia.
        (4) The East Asia Strategy Initiative, which was developed in 
    response to sections 913 and 915 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, has resulted in 
    the withdrawal of 12,000 United States military personnel from Japan 
    and the Republic of Korea since fiscal year 1990.
        (5) In response to actions by the executive branch and the 
    Congress, allied countries in which United States military personnel 
    are stationed and alliances in which the United States participates 
    have agreed to reduce the costs incurred by the United States in 
    basing military forces overseas in the following ways:
            (A) Under the 1991 Special Measures Agreement between Japan 
        and the United States, Japan will pay by 1995 almost all yen-
        denominated costs of stationing United States military personnel 
        in Japan.
            (B) The Republic of Korea has agreed to pay by 1995 one-
        third of the won-based costs incurred by the United States in 
        stationing United States military personnel in the Republic of 
        Korea.
            (C) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has agreed 
        that the NATO Infrastructure Program will adapt to support post-
        Cold War strategy and could pay the annual operation and 
        maintenance costs of facilities in Europe and the United States 
        that would support the reinforcement of Europe by United States 
        military forces and the participation of United States military 
        forces in peacekeeping and conflict prevention operations.
            (D) Such allied countries and alliances have agreed to share 
        more fully the responsibilities and burdens of providing for 
        mutual security and stability through steps such as the 
        following:
                (i) The Republic of Korea has assumed the leadership 
            role regarding ground combat forces for the defense of the 
            Republic of Korea.
                (ii) NATO has adopted the new mission of conducting 
            peacekeeping operations and is, for example, providing land, 
            sea, and air forces for United Nations efforts in the former 
            Yugoslavia.
                (iii) The countries of western Europe are contributing 
            substantially to the development of democracy, stability, 
            and open market societies in eastern Europe and the former 
            Soviet Union.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the forward presence of United States military personnel 
    stationed overseas continues to be important to United States 
    security interests;
        (2) that forward presence facilitates efforts to pursue United 
    States security interests on a collective basis rather than pursuing 
    them on a far more costly unilateral basis or receding into 
    isolationism;
        (3) the bilateral and multilateral arrangements and alliances in 
    which that forward presence plays a part must be further adapted to 
    the security environment of the post-Cold War period;
        (4) the cost-sharing percentages for the NATO Infrastructure 
    Program should be reviewed with the aim of reflecting current 
    economic, political, and military realities and thus reducing the 
    United States cost-sharing percentage; and
        (5) the amounts obligated to conduct United States overseas 
    basing activities should decline significantly in fiscal year 1994 
    and in future fiscal years as--
            (A) the number of United States military personnel stationed 
        overseas continues to decline; and
            (B) the countries in which United States military personnel 
        are stationed and the alliances in which the United States 
        participates assume an increased share of United States overseas 
        basing costs.
    (c) Reducing United States Overseas Basing Costs.--(1) In order to 
achieve additional savings in overseas basing costs, the President 
should--
        (A) continue with the reductions in United States military 
    presence overseas as required by sections 1302 and 1303 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993; and
        (B) intensify efforts to negotiate a more favorable host-nation 
    agreement with each foreign country to which this paragraph applies 
    under paragraph (3)(A).
    (2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), a more favorable host-nation 
agreement is an agreement under which such foreign country--
        (A) assumes an increased share of the costs of United States 
    military installations in that country, including the costs of--
            (i) labor, utilities, and services;
            (ii) military construction projects and real property 
        maintenance;
            (iii) leasing requirements associated with the United States 
        military presence; and
            (iv) actions necessary to meet local environmental 
        standards;
        (B) relieves the United States of all tax liability that, with 
    respect to forces located in that country, is incurred by the Armed 
    Forces of the United States under the laws of that country and the 
    laws of the community where those forces are located; and
        (C) ensures that goods and services furnished in that country to 
    the Armed Forces of the United States are provided at minimum cost 
    and without imposition of user fees.
    (3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), paragraph (1)(B) 
applies with respect to--
        (i) each country of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
    (other than the United States); and
        (ii) each other foreign country with which the United States has 
    a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement that provides for the 
    assignment of combat units of the Armed Forces of the United States 
    to permanent duty in that country or the placement of combat 
    equipment of the United States in that country.
    (B) Paragraph (1) does not apply with respect to--
        (i) a foreign country that receives assistance under section 23 
    of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763) (relating to the 
    foreign military financing program) or under the provisions of 
    chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
    U.S.C. 2346 et seq.); or
        (ii) a foreign country that has agreed to assume, not later than 
    September 30, 1996, at least 75 percent of the nonpersonnel costs of 
    United States military installations in the country.
    (d) Obligational Limitation.--(1) The total amount appropriated to 
the Department of Defense for Military Personnel, for Operation and 
Maintenance, and for military construction (including construction and 
improvement of military family housing) that is obligated to conduct 
overseas basing activities during fiscal year 1994 may not exceed 
$16,915,400,000 (such amount being the amount appropriated for such 
purposes for fiscal year 1993 reduced by $3,300,000,000), except to the 
extent provided by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (3).
    (2) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``overseas basing 
activities'' means the activities of the Department of Defense for which 
funds are provided through appropriations for Military Personnel, for 
Operation and Maintenance (including appropriations for family housing 
operations), and for military construction (including construction and 
improvement of military family housing) for the payment of costs for 
Department of Defense overseas military units and the costs for all 
dependents who accompany Department of Defense personnel outside the 
United States.
    (3) The Secretary of Defense may increase the amount of the 
limitation under paragraph (1) by such amount or amounts as the 
Secretary determines to be necessary in the national interest, but not 
to exceed a total increase of $582,700,000. The Secretary may not 
increase the amount of such limitation under the preceding sentence 
until the Secretary provides notice to Congress of the Secretary's 
intent to authorize such an increase and a period of 15 days elapses 
after the day on which such notice is provided.
    (e) Allocations of Savings.--Any amounts appropriated to the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994 for the purposes covered by 
subsection (d)(1) that are not available to be used for those purposes 
by reason of the limitation in that subsection shall be allocated by the 
Secretary of Defense for operation and maintenance and for military 
construction activities of the Department of Defense at military 
installations and facilities located inside the United States.
SEC. 1402. BURDEN SHARING CONTRIBUTIONS FROM DESIGNATED COUNTRIES AND 
REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 138 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end a new section 2350j 
consisting of--
        (1) a heading as follows:
``§2350j. Burden sharing contributions by designated countries and 
      regional organizations'';
        and
        (2) a text consisting of the text of section 1045 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 
    (Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1465), revised--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by replacing ``During fiscal years 1992 and 1993, 
            the Secretary'' with ``The Secretary'';
                (ii) by inserting ``, after consultation with the 
            Secretary of State,'' after ``Secretary of Defense'';
                (iii) by deleting ``from Japan, Kuwait, and the Republic 
            of Korea''; and
                (iv) by inserting ``from any country or regional 
            organization designated for purposes of this section by the 
            Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
            State''; and
            (B) in subsection (f)--
                (i) by replacing ``each quarter of fiscal years 1992 and 
            1993'' with ``each fiscal year'';
                (ii) by replacing ``congressional defense committees'' 
            with ``Congress'';
                (iii) by striking out ``Japan, Kuwait, and the Republic 
            of Korea'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``each country and 
            regional organization from which contributions have been 
            accepted by the Secretary under subsection (a)''; and
                (iv) by replacing ``the preceding quarter'' in 
            paragraphs (1) and (2) with ``the preceding fiscal year''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter II of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:
``2350j. Burden sharing contributions by designated countries and 
          regional organizations.''.
             Subtitle B--North Atlantic Treaty Organization
SEC. 1411. FINDINGS, SENSE OF CONGRESS, AND REPORT REQUIREMENT 
CONCERNING NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has 
    successfully met the challenge of helping to maintain the peace, 
    security, and freedom of the United States and its NATO allies for 
    more than 40 years.
        (2) The national security interests of the United States have 
    been well served by the process of consultation, coordination, and 
    military cooperation in the NATO framework.
        (3) Recent history has witnessed radical changes in the 
    international security environment, including the fall of the Berlin 
    Wall, the unification of Germany, the disbanding of the Warsaw Pact 
    and the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
        (4) The military threats which NATO was established to deter 
    have greatly diminished with the end of the Cold War.
        (5) The post-Cold War security situation continues to present a 
    wide array of challenges to United States national interests, many 
    of which interests the United States shares with its allies in 
    Europe and Canada.
        (6) The international community may prove capable of deterring 
    many threats to the common peace if it can respond decisively to 
    aggression.
        (7) The United States must share the responsibilities and the 
    burdens of pursuing international security and stability with other 
    nations.
        (8) Several of the newly democratic nations of Central and 
    Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have expressed interest 
    in seeking membership in NATO.
        (9) Many of the security challenges facing the post-Cold War 
    world would be best handled through coherent multilateral responses.
        (10) The United States should never send its military forces 
    into combat unless they are provided with the best opportunity to 
    accomplish their objectives with as little risk as possible.
        (11) Military interventions against antagonistic armed forces 
    cannot be conducted safely or effectively on a multilateral basis 
    unless such operations are jointly planned in advance and are 
    executed by units which have trained together and are familiar with 
    each others' operational procedures.
        (12) NATO is currently the only organization with the 
    experience, trained staff, and infrastructure necessary to support 
    military cooperation with the major military allies of the United 
    States.
        (13) The NATO allies already have volunteered to consider 
    requests from the United Nations and the Conference on Security and 
    Cooperation in Europe for assistance in maintaining the peace.
        (14) Justification of the relevance of NATO in the post-Cold War 
    world will depend largely upon the alliance's ability to adapt its 
    mission, area of responsibility, and procedures to the new security 
    environment.
        (15) Justification of future United States support for the 
    alliance and for a United States military presence in Europe will 
    depend upon NATO's ability to address those security interests which 
    the United States shares with its allies in Europe and Canada.
        (16) The meeting of the NATO heads of state scheduled for 
    January 1994, presents an excellent opportunity for the President to 
    articulate a new, broader security mission for the alliance in the 
    post-Cold War world, one which will enable it to address a wider 
    array of threats to its members' interests and which will help to 
    share more effectively the burden of international security 
    requirements.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) old threats to the security of the United States and its 
    allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization having greatly 
    diminished, and new, more diverse challenges having arisen 
    (including ethno-religious conflict in Central and Eastern Europe 
    and the former Soviet Union and the proliferation of weapons of mass 
    destruction in regions proximate to alliance territory), NATO's 
    mission must be redefined so that it may respond to such challenges 
    to its members' security even when those challenges emanate from 
    beyond the geographic boundaries of its members' territories;
        (2) NATO should review its consultative mechanisms in order to 
    maximize its ability to marshal political, diplomatic, social, and 
    economic solidarity, buttressed by credible military capability, and 
    to bring the full weight and scope of its cooperative efforts to 
    bear in addressing the new challenges; and
        (3) future United States military involvement in, and 
    contributions to, NATO should be determined in relation to the 
    alliance's success or failure in adapting itself to confronting the 
    challenges of the post-Cold War world.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the President shall transmit a report to the Committee on 
Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives. The report shall contain recommendations 
on the following:
        (1) The manner in which NATO can formulate and implement a 
    strategy to address the new, more disparate threats to the security 
    of its members.
        (2) The manner in which NATO should continue to adapt its 
    consultative process, including efforts to extend that process to 
    the new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe and the former 
    Soviet Union, so as to enhance its political, diplomatic, social, 
    economic, and military efforts to project stability eastward and 
    maximize its capabilities in crisis prevention and crisis 
    management.
        (3) The feasibility of having NATO conduct security operations 
    beyond the geographic boundaries of the alliance.
        (4) The manner in which NATO should restructure its forces, 
    training and equipment for the new security environment, including 
    with regard to multinational peacekeeping activities.
        (5) The desirability of expanding the alliance to include 
    traditionally neutral nations or the new democratic nations of 
    Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union that wish to 
    join NATO.
        (6) The proper size and composition of United States forces to 
    be deployed in Europe to assist in the implementation of NATO's new 
    mandate and possible reduction in United States military deployments 
    in Europe in the event of the alliance's failure to adopt a new 
    mandate.
        (7) The structure and organization of NATO headquarters, with 
    particular attention to the need to reinvigorate the NATO Military 
    Committee.
        (8) The extent to which NATO liaison teams should be assigned to 
    the United Nations and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in 
    Europe so as to facilitate better coordination among these 
    organizations, especially in regard to crisis prevention and crisis 
    management.
        (9) The desirability of having additional NATO forces train in 
    North America in a manner supportive of NATO's proposed new 
    strategy.
        (10) The structure of NATO's military command, with particular 
    attention to the need to make NATO's Rapid Reaction Force a credible 
    deterrent to regional aggression.
        (11) The levels of United States, European, and Canadian defense 
    budgets and their ability to finance forces consistent with the 
    implementation of NATO's new mandate.

SEC. 1412. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Biennial NATO Report.--Section 1002(d) of the Department of 
Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-525; 22 U.S.C. 1928 
note), is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking out ``(1) Not later than April 1, 1990, and 
    biennially each year thereafter'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``Not later than April 1 of each even-numbered year''; and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs (1) 
    and (2).
    (b) Report on Allied Contributions.--Section 1046(e) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 
102-190; 105 Stat. 1467; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) specifying the incremental costs to the United States 
    associated with the permanent stationing ashore of United States 
    forces in foreign nations.''.
    (c) Finding and Sense of Congress.--(1) The Congress finds that the 
Secretary of Defense did not submit to Congress in a timely manner the 
report on allied contributions to the common defense required under 
section 1003(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public 
Law 98-525; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), to be submitted not later than April 
1, 1993.
    (2) It is the sense of Congress that the timely submission of such 
report to Congress each year is essential to the deliberation by 
Congress concerning the annual defense program.
SEC. 1413. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT AWACS MEMORANDA OF 
UNDERSTANDING.
    Section 2350e of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out subsection (d).
                 Subtitle C--Export of Defense Articles
SEC. 1421. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS TO 
RECEIVE EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES.
    Section 516(a)(3) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2321j(a)(3)) is amended by inserting ``or fiscal year 1992'' after 
``fiscal year 1991''.
SEC. 1422. REPORT ON EFFECT OF INCREASED USE OF DUAL-USE TECHNOLOGIES ON 
ABILITY TO CONTROL EXPORTS.
    (a) Report Requirement.--Not later than six months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report assessing what effect the increased use of dual-use 
and commercial technologies and items by the Department of Defense could 
have on the ability of the United States to control adequately the 
export of sensitive dual-use and military technologies and items to 
nations to whom the receipt of such technologies is contrary to United 
States national security interests.
    (b) Effect on Defense Programs.--The report required by subsection 
(a) shall include--
        (1) an assessment of the national security implications of any 
    lowering of licensing controls on the export of dual-use items and 
    technology, to include an assessment of the effect such lowering of 
    controls could have on operational United States defense programs 
    and capabilities and planned United States defense programs and 
    capabilities;
        (2) a description of the steps the Secretary of Defense intends 
    to take to ensure that any decontrol of dual-use items and 
    technology does not place at risk the technology and defense 
    capability lead that the United States currently enjoys; and
        (3) a description of the steps the Department of Defense intends 
    to take to mitigate any possible increase in the proliferation 
    threat resulting from decontrol of dual-use items and technology.
    (c) Consultation.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
prepared in consultation with the Director of Central Intelligence.

SEC. 1423. EXTENSION OF LANDMINE EXPORT MORATORIUM.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Anti-personnel landmines, which are designed to maim and 
    kill people, have been used indiscriminately in dramatically 
    increasing numbers around the world. Hundreds of thousands of 
    noncombatant civilians, including children, have been the primary 
    victims. Unlike other military weapons, landmines often remain 
    implanted and undiscovered after conflict has ended, causing massive 
    suffering to civilian populations.
        (2) Tens of millions of landmines have been strewn in at least 
    62 countries, often making whole areas uninhabitable. The Department 
    of State estimates that there are more than 10,000,000 landmines in 
    Afghanistan, 9,000,000 in Angola, 4,000,000 in Cambodia, 3,000,000 
    in Iraqi Kurdistan, and 2,000,000 each in Somalia, Mozambique, and 
    the former Yugoslavia. Hundreds of thousands of landmines were used 
    in conflicts in Central America in the 1980s.
        (3) Advanced technologies are being used to manufacture 
    sophisticated mines which can be scattered remotely at a rate of 
    1,000 per hour. These mines, which are being produced by many 
    industrialized countries, were found in Iraqi arsenals after the 
    Persian Gulf War.
        (4) At least 300 types of anti-personnel landmines have been 
    manufactured by at least 44 countries, including the United States. 
    However, the United States is not a major exporter of landmines. 
    During the 10 years from 1983 through 1992, the United States 
    approved 10 licenses for the commercial export of anti-personnel 
    landmines with a total value of $980,000 and the sale under the 
    Foreign Military Sales program of 108,852 anti-personnel landmines.
        (5) The United States signed, but has not ratified, the 1980 
    Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain 
    Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed To Be Excessively Injurious 
    or To Have Indiscriminate Effects. Protocol II of the Convention, 
    otherwise known as the Landmine Protocol, prohibits the 
    indiscriminate use of landmines.
        (6) When it signed the 1980 Convention, the United States 
    stated: ``We believe that the Convention represents a positive step 
    forward in efforts to minimize injury or damage to the civilian 
    population in time of armed conflict. Our signature of the 
    Convention reflects the general willingness of the United States to 
    adopt practical and reasonable provisions concerning the conduct of 
    military operations, for the purpose of protecting noncombatants.''.
        (7) The United States also indicated that it had supported 
    procedures to enforce compliance, which were omitted from the 
    Convention's final draft. The United States stated: ``The United 
    States strongly supported proposals by other countries during the 
    Conference to include special procedures for dealing with compliance 
    matters, and reserves the right to propose at a later date 
    additional procedures and remedies, should this prove necessary, to 
    deal with such problems.''.
        (8) The lack of compliance procedures and other weaknesses have 
    significantly undermined the effectiveness of the Landmine Protocol. 
    Since it entered into force on December 2, 1983, the number of 
    civilians maimed and killed by anti-personnel landmines has 
    multiplied.
        (9) Since October 23, 1992, when a one-year moratorium on sales, 
    transfers, and exports by the United States of anti-personnel 
    landmines was enacted into law (in section 1365 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 
    22 U.S.C. 2778 note)), the European Parliament has issued a 
    resolution calling for a five year moratorium on sales, transfers, 
    and exports of anti-personnel landmines and the Government of France 
    has announced that it has ceased all sales, transfers, and exports 
    of anti-personnel landmines.
        (10) On December 2, 1993, 10 years will have elapsed since the 
    1980 Convention entered into force, triggering the right of any 
    party to request a United Nations conference to review the 
    Convention. Amendments to the Landmine Protocol may be considered at 
    that time. A formal request has been made to the United Nations 
    Secretary General for a review conference. With necessary 
    preparations and consultations among governments, a review 
    conference is not expected to be convened before late 1994 or early 
    1995.
        (11) The United States should continue to set an example for 
    other countries in such negotiations by extending the moratorium on 
    sales, transfers, and exports of anti-personnel landmines for an 
    additional three years. A moratorium of that duration would extend 
    the prohibition on the sale, transfer, and export of anti-personnel 
    landmines a sufficient time to take into account the results of a 
    United Nations review conference.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--
        (1) It is the policy of the United States to seek verifiable 
    international agreements prohibiting the sale, transfer or export, 
    and further limiting the manufacture, possession and use, of anti-
    personnel landmines.
        (2) It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (A) the President should submit the 1980 Convention on 
        Certain Conventional Weapons to the Senate for ratification; and
            (B) the United States should--
                (i) participate in a United Nations conference to review 
            the Landmine Protocol; and
                (ii) actively seek to negotiate under United Nations 
            auspices a modification of the Landmine Protocol, or another 
            international agreement, to prohibit the sale, transfer, or 
            export of anti-personnel landmines and to further limit the 
            manufacture, possession, and use of anti-personnel 
            landmines.
    (c) Three-Year Extension of Landmine Moratorium.--Section 1365(c) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 
102-484; 22 U.S.C. 2778 note) is amended by striking out ``For a period 
of one year beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``During the four-year period beginning on 
October 23, 1992''.
    (d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``anti-
personnel landmine'' means any of the following:
        (1) Any munition placed under, on, or near the ground or other 
    surface area, or delivered by artillery, rocket, mortar, or similar 
    means or dropped from an aircraft and which is designed to be 
    detonated or exploded by the presence, proximity, or contact of a 
    person.
        (2) Any device or material which is designed, constructed, or 
    adapted to kill or injure and which functions unexpectedly when a 
    person disturbs or approaches an apparently harmless object or 
    performs an apparently safe act.
        (3) Any manually-emplaced munition or device designed to kill, 
    injure, or damage and which is actuated by remote control or 
    automatically after a lapse of time.
                        Subtitle D--Other Matters
SEC. 1431. CODIFICATION OF PROVISION RELATING TO OVERSEAS WORKLOAD 
PROGRAM.
    (a) Codification.--(1) Chapter 138 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 2348 the following new section:

``§2349. Overseas Workload Program

    ``(a) In General.--A firm of any member nation of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization or of any major non-NATO ally shall be eligible to 
bid on any contract for the maintenance, repair, or overhaul of 
equipment of the Department of Defense located outside the United States 
to be awarded under competitive procedures as part of the program of the 
Department of Defense known as the Overseas Workload Program.
    ``(b) Site of Performance.--A contract awarded to a firm described 
in subsection (a) may be performed in the theater in which the equipment 
is normally located or in the country in which the firm is located.
    ``(c) Exceptions.--The Secretary of a military department may 
restrict the geographic region in which a contract referred to in 
subsection (a) may be performed if the Secretary determines that 
performance of the contract outside that specific region--
        ``(1) could adversely affect the military preparedness of the 
    armed forces; or
        ``(2) would violate the terms of an international agreement to 
    which the United States is a party.
    ``(d) Definition.--In this section, the term `major non-NATO ally' 
has the meaning given that term in section 2350a(i)(3) of this title.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter I of such 
chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2348 
the following new item:
``2349. Overseas Workload Program.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 1465 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 
1700) is repealed.
    (2) Section 9130 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 
1993 (Public Law 102-396; 106 Stat. 1935), is amended--
        (A) in subsection (b), by striking out ``, or thereafter,''; and
        (B) in subsection (d), by striking out ``or thereafter'' each 
    place it appears.

SEC. 1432. AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC FACILITIES IN GERMANY.

    (a) Limitation on Source of Funds for New United States Diplomatic 
Facilities.--(1) As of January 1, 1995, the United States may not 
purchase, construct, lease, or otherwise occupy any facility as an 
embassy, chancery, or consular facility in Germany unless that facility 
is purchased, constructed, modified, or leased with funds provided by 
the Government of Germany as an offset for the value of facilities 
returned by the United States Government to the Government of Germany 
pursuant to Article 52 of the Status-of-Forces Agreement with the 
Government of Germany in effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (2) The limitation in paragraph (1) does not apply with respect to 
any facility occupied as of January 1, 1995, by United States diplomatic 
personnel.
    (b) Certification.--As of January 1, 1995, the Secretary of State 
(and any representative of the Secretary of State) may not enter into 
any legal instrument to purchase, construct, modify, or lease any 
facility described in subsection (a) until the Secretary of Defense 
certifies to the appropriate committees of Congress that the United 
States has received (or is scheduled to receive) cash payments or 
offsets-in-kind of a value not less than 50 percent of the value of the 
facilities returned by the United States Government to the Government of 
Germany pursuant to Article 52 of the Status-of-Forces Agreement with 
the Government of Germany in effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (c) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
    Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
    Relations of the Senate.
SEC. 1433. CONSENT OF CONGRESS TO SERVICE BY RETIRED MEMBERS IN MILITARY 
FORCES OF NEWLY DEMOCRATIC NATIONS.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) It is in the national security interest of the United States 
    to promote democracy throughout the world.
        (2) The armed forces of newly democratic nations often lack the 
    democratic traditions that are a hallmark of the Armed Forces of the 
    United States.
        (3) The understanding of military roles and missions in a 
    democracy is essential for the development and preservation of 
    democratic forms of government.
        (4) The service of retired members of the Armed Forces of the 
    United States in the armed forces of newly democratic nations could 
    lead to a better understanding of military roles and missions in a 
    democracy.
    (b) Consent of Congress.--(1) Chapter 53 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``§1058. Military service of retired members with newly democratic 
     nations: consent of Congress
    ``(a)  Consent of Congress.--Subject to subsection (b), Congress 
consents to a retired member of the uniformed services--
        ``(1) accepting employment by, or holding an office or position 
    in, the military forces of a newly democratic nation; and
        ``(2) accepting compensation associated with such employment, 
    office, or position.
    ``(b) Approval Required.--The consent provided in subsection (a) for 
a retired member of the uniformed services to accept employment or hold 
an office or position shall apply to a retired member only if the 
Secretary concerned and the Secretary of State jointly approve the 
employment or the holding of such office or position.
    ``(c) Determination of Newly Democratic Nations.--The Secretary 
concerned and the Secretary of State shall jointly determine whether a 
nation is a newly democratic nation for the purposes of this section.
    ``(d) Reports to Congressional Committees.--The Secretary concerned 
and the Secretary of State shall notify the Committee on Armed Services 
and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee 
on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives of each approval under subsection (b) and each 
determination under subsection (c).
    ``(e) Continued Entitlement to Retired Pay and Benefits.--The 
eligibility of a retired member to receive retired or retainer pay and 
other benefits arising from the retired member's status as a retired 
member of the uniformed services, and the eligibility of dependents of 
such retired member to receive benefits on the basis of such retired 
member's status as a retired member of the uniformed services, may not 
be terminated by reason of employment or holding of an office or 
position consented to in subsection (a).
    ``(f) Retired Member Defined.--In this section, the term `retired 
member' means a member or former member of the uniformed services who is 
entitled to receive retired or retainer pay.
    ``(g) Civil Employment by Foreign Governments.--For a provision of 
law providing the consent of Congress to civil employment by foreign 
governments, see section 908 of title 37.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 53 of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following:
``1058. Military service of retired members with newly democratic 
          nations: consent of Congress.''.

    (c) Conforming Cross Reference.--Section 908 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Congressional Consent.--'' 
    after ``(a)'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``Approval Required.--'' 
    after ``(b)''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Military Service in Foreign Armed Forces.--For a provision of 
law providing the consent of Congress to service in the military forces 
of certain foreign nations, see section 1058 of title 10.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--Section 1058 of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall take effect as of January 1, 1993.
SEC. 1434. SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON EFFORTS TO SEEK COMPENSATION FROM 
GOVERNMENT OF PERU FOR DEATH AND WOUNDING OF CERTAIN UNITED STATES 
SERVICEMEN.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
        (1) the United States Government has not made adequate efforts 
    to seek the payment of compensation by the Government of Peru for 
    the death and injuries to United States military personnel resulting 
    from the attack by aircraft of the military forces of Peru on April 
    24, 1992, against a United States Air Force C-130 aircraft operating 
    off the coast of Peru; and
        (2) in failing to make such efforts adequately, the United 
    States Government has failed in its obligation to support the 
    servicemen and their families involved in the incident and generally 
    to support members of the Armed Forces carrying out missions on 
    behalf of the United States.
    (b) Semiannual Report.--Not later than December 1 and June 1 of each 
year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
report on the efforts made by the Government of the United States during 
the preceding six-month period to seek the payment of fair and equitable 
compensation by the Government of Peru (1) to the survivors of Master 
Sergeant Joseph Beard, Jr., United States Air Force, who was killed in 
the attack described in subsection (a), and (2) to the other crew 
members who were wounded in the attack and survived.
    (c) Termination of Report Requirement.--The requirement in 
subsection (b) shall terminate upon certification by the Secretary of 
Defense to Congress that the Government of Peru has paid fair and 
equitable compensation as described in subsection (b).
    TITLE XV--INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING AND HUMANITARIAN ACTIVITIES
                    Subtitle A--Assistance Activities
SEC. 1501. GENERAL AUTHORIZATION OF SUPPORT FOR INTERNATIONAL 
PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Authorized Support for Fiscal Year 1994.--The Secretary of 
Defense may provide assistance for international peacekeeping activities 
during fiscal year 1994, in accordance with section 403 of title 10, 
United States Code, in an amount not to exceed $300,000,000. Any 
assistance so provided may be derived from funds appropriated to the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994 for operation and maintenance 
or (notwithstanding the second sentence of subsection (b) of that 
section) from balances in working capital funds.
    (b) Additional Limitations.--Subsection (c) of section 403 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``Related to Availability of State 
    Department Funds'' in the subsection heading;
        (2) by striking out ``and'' at the end of paragraphs (1) and 
    (2);
        (3) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
    inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(4) only if the United States has received written commitments 
    that the United States will be fully and promptly reimbursed by the 
    United Nations or the regional organization involved for outstanding 
    obligations incurred through an arrangement designated under United 
    Nations practices as a `letter of assist' or a similar arrangement 
    for logistics support, supplies, services, and equipment provided by 
    the Department of Defense on a contract basis to the United Nations 
    or the regional organization involved; and
        ``(5) only if the Department of Defense will receive any 
    reimbursement to the United States from the United Nations or a 
    regional organization for outstanding obligations incurred through 
    an arrangement designated under United Nations practices as a 
    `letter of assist' or a similar arrangement for logistics support, 
    supplies, services, and equipment provided by the Department of 
    Defense on a contract basis to the United Nations or the regional 
    organization involved, unless such reimbursement to the Department 
    of Defense is otherwise precluded by law.''.
    (c) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (h) of such section is 
amended by striking out ``September 30, 1993'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 1994''.
SEC. 1502. REPORT ON MULTINATIONAL PEACEKEEPING AND PEACE ENFORCEMENT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 1994, the President, 
after seeking the views of the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
Defense, shall submit to the committees specified in subsection (c) a 
report on United States policy on multinational peacekeeping and peace 
enforcement.
    (b) Content of Report.--The report shall contain a comprehensive 
analysis and discussion of the following matters:
        (1) Criteria for participation by the United States in 
    multinational missions through the United Nations, the North 
    Atlantic Treaty Organization, or other regional alliances and 
    international organizations.
        (2) Proposals for expanding peacekeeping activities by the North 
    Atlantic Treaty Organization and the North Atlantic Cooperation 
    Council, including multinational operations, multinational training, 
    and multinational doctrine development.
        (3) Proposals for establishing regional entities, on an ad hoc 
    basis or a permanent basis, to conduct peacekeeping or peace 
    enforcement operations under a United Nations mandate as an 
    alternative to direct United Nations involvement in such operations.
        (4) A summary of progress made by the United States, in 
    consultation with other nations, to develop doctrine for 
    peacekeeping and peace enforcement operations and plans to conduct 
    exercises with other nations for such purposes.
        (5) Proposals for criteria for determining whether to commence 
    new peacekeeping missions, including, in the case of any such 
    mission, criteria for determining the threat to international peace 
    to be addressed by the mission, the precise objectives of the 
    mission, the costs of the mission, and the proposed endpoint of the 
    mission.
        (6) The principles, criteria, or considerations guiding 
    decisions to place United States forces under foreign command or to 
    decline to put United States forces under foreign command.
        (7) Proposals to establish opportunities within the Armed Forces 
    for voluntary assignment to duty in units designated for assignment 
    to multinational peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions.
        (8) Proposals to modify the budgetary and financial policies of 
    the United Nations for peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions, 
    including--
            (A) proposals regarding the structure and control of 
        budgetary procedures;
            (B) proposals regarding United Nations accounting 
        procedures; and
            (C) specific proposals--
                (i) to establish a revolving capital fund to finance the 
            costs of starting new United Nations operations approved by 
            the Security Council;
                (ii) to establish a requirement that United Nations 
            member nations pay one-third of the anticipated first-year 
            costs of a new operation immediately upon Security Council 
            approval of that operation;
                (iii) to establish a requirement that United Nations 
            member nations be charged interest penalties on late payment 
            of their assessments for peacekeeping or peace enforcement 
            missions;
                (iv) regarding possible sources of international revenue 
            for United Nations peacekeeping and peace enforcement 
            missions;
                (v) regarding the need to lower the United States 
            peacekeeping assessment to the same percentage as the United 
            States assessment to the regular United Nations budget; and
                (vi) regarding a revision of the current schedule of 
            payments per servicemember assigned to a peacekeeping 
            mission in order to bring payments more in line with costs.
        (9) Proposals to establish a small United Nations Rapid 
    Deployment Force under the direction of the United Nations Security 
    Council in order to provide for quick intervention in disputes for 
    the purpose of preventing a larger outbreak of hostilities.
        (10) Proposals for reorganization of the United Nations 
    Secretariat to provide improved management of peacekeeping 
    operations, including the establishment of a Department of Peace 
    Operations (DPO) and the transfer of the Operations Division from 
    Field Operations into such a department.
        (11) Requirement of congressional approval for participation of 
    United States Armed Forces in multinational peacekeeping and peace 
    enforcement missions, including the applicability of the War Powers 
    Resolution and the United Nations Participation Act.
        (12) Proposals that the United States and other United Nations 
    member nations negotiate special agreements under article 43 of the 
    United Nations Charter to provide for those states to make armed 
    forces, assistance, and facilities available to the United Nations 
    Security Council for the purposes stated in article 42 of that 
    charter, not only on an ad hoc basis, but also on a permanent on-
    call basis for rapid deployment under Security Council 
    authorization.
        (13) A proposal that member nations of the United Nations commit 
    to keep equipment specified by the Secretary General of the United 
    Nations available for immediate sale, loan, or donation to the 
    United Nations when required.
        (14) A proposal that member nations of the United Nations make 
    airlift and sealift capacity available to the United Nations without 
    charge or at lower than commercial rates.
        (15) An evaluation of the current capabilities and future needs 
    of the United Nations for improved command, control, communications, 
    and intelligence infrastructure, including facilities, equipment, 
    procedures, training, and personnel, and an analysis of United 
    States capabilities and experience in such matters that could be 
    applied or offered directly to the United Nations.
        (16) An evaluation of the potential role of the Military Staff 
    Committee of the United Nations Security Council.
        (17) Training requirements for foreign military personnel 
    designated to participate in peacekeeping operations, including an 
    assessment of the nation, nations, or organizations that might best 
    provide such training and at what cost.
        (18) Any other information that may be useful to inform Congress 
    on matters relating to United States policy and proposals on 
    peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions.
    (c) Committees To Receive Report.--The committees to which the 
report under this section are to be submitted are--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
    Relations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
    Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 1503. MILITARY-TO-MILITARY CONTACT.

    (a) Continuation of Certain Military-to-Military Programs.--Of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 301 for 
Defense-wide activities, $10,000,000 shall be made available to continue 
efforts that were initiated by the commander of a United States unified 
command and approved by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for 
military-to-military contacts and comparable activities that are 
designed to assist the military forces of other countries in 
understanding the appropriate role of military forces in a democratic 
society.
    (b) Limitation.--Subsection (a) applies only to activities initiated 
by September 30, 1993, and only in the case of countries with which 
those activities had been initiated by that date.

SEC. 1504. HUMANITARIAN AND CIVIC ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Regulations.--The regulations required to be prescribed under 
section 401 of title 10, United States Code, shall be prescribed not 
later than March 1, 1994. In prescribing such regulations, the Secretary 
of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of State.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Section 401(c)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting before the period the 
following: ``, except that funds appropriated to the Department of 
Defense for operation and maintenance (other than funds appropriated 
pursuant to such paragraph) may be obligated for humanitarian and civic 
assistance under this section only for incidental costs of carrying out 
such assistance''.
    (c) Notifications Regarding Humanitarian Relief.--Any notification 
provided to the appropriate congressional committees with respect to 
assistance activities under section 2551 of title 10, United States 
Code, shall include a detailed description of any items for which 
transportation is provided that are excess nonlethal supplies of the 
Department of Defense, including the quantity, acquisition value, and 
value at the time of the transportation of such items.
    (d) Report on Humanitarian Assistance Activities.--(1) The Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on the activities planned to be carried out by the Department of 
Defense during fiscal year 1995 under sections 401, 402, 2547, and 2551 
of title 10, United States Code. The report shall include information, 
developed after consultation with the Secretary of State, on the 
distribution of excess nonlethal supplies transferred to the Secretary 
of State during fiscal year 1993 pursuant to section 2547 of that title.
    (2) The report shall be submitted at the same time that the 
President submits the budget for fiscal year 1995 to Congress pursuant 
to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--The funds authorized to be 
appropriated by section 301(18) shall be available to carry out 
humanitarian and civic assistance activities under sections 401, 402, 
and 2551 of title 10, United States Code.
    (f) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the term 
``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed 
    Services, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
    Representatives; and
        (2) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed 
    Services, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
            Subtitle B--Policies Regarding Specific Countries

SEC. 1511. SANCTIONS AGAINST SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO.

    (a) Codification of Executive Branch Sanctions.--The sanctions 
imposed on Serbia and Montenegro, as in effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, that were imposed by or pursuant to the following 
directives of the executive branch shall (except as provided under 
subsections (d) and (e)) remain in effect until changed by law:
        (1) Executive Order 12808 of May 30, 1992, as continued in 
    effect on May 25, 1993.
        (2) Executive Order 12810 of June 5, 1992.
        (3) Executive Order 12831 of January 15, 1993.
        (4) Executive Order 12846 of April 25, 1993.
        (5) Department of State Public Notice 1427, effective July 11, 
    1991.
        (6) Proclamation 6389 of December 5, 1991 (56 Fed. Register 
    64467).
        (7) Department of Transportation Order 92-5-38 of May 20, 1992.
        (8) Federal Aviation Administration action of June 19, 1992 (14 
    C.F.R. Part 91).
    (b) Prohibition on Assistance.--No funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available by law may be obligated or expended on behalf of the 
government of Serbia or the government of Montenegro.
    (c) International Financial Institutions.--The Secretary of the 
Treasury shall instruct the United States executive director of each 
international financial institution to use the voice and vote of the 
United States to oppose any assistance from that institution to the 
government of Serbia or the government of Montenegro, except for basic 
human needs.
    (d) Exception.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
President is authorized and encouraged to exempt from sanctions imposed 
against Serbia and Montenegro that are described in subsection (a) those 
United States-supported programs, projects, or activities that involve 
reform of the electoral process, the development of democratic 
institutions or democratic political parties, or humanitarian assistance 
(including refugee care and human rights observation).
    (e) Waiver Authority.--(1) The President may waive or modify the 
application, in whole or in part, of any sanction described in 
subsection (a), the prohibition in subsection (b), or the requirement in 
subsection (c).
    (2) Such a waiver or modification may only be effective upon 
certification by the President to Congress that the President has 
determined that the waiver or modification is necessary (A) to meet 
emergency humanitarian needs, or (B) to achieve a negotiated settlement 
of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina that is acceptable to the parties.

SEC. 1512. INVOLVEMENT OF ARMED FORCES IN SOMALIA.

    (a) Sense of Congress Regarding United States Policy Toward 
Somalia.--
        (1) Since United States Armed Forces made significant 
    contributions under Operation Restore Hope towards the establishment 
    of a secure environment for humanitarian relief operations and 
    restoration of peace in the region to end the humanitarian disaster 
    that had claimed more than 300,000 lives.
        (2) Since the mission of United States forces in support of the 
    United Nations appears to be evolving from the establishment of ``a 
    secure environment for humanitarian relief operations,'' as set out 
    in United Nations Security Council Resolution 794 of December 3, 
    1992, to one of internal security and nation building.
    (b) Statement of Congressional Policy.--
        (1) Consultation with the congress.--The President should 
    consult closely with the Congress regarding United States policy 
    with respect to Somalia, including in particular the deployment of 
    United States Armed Forces in that country, whether under United 
    Nations or United States command.
        (2) Planning.--The United States shall facilitate the assumption 
    of the functions of United States forces by the United Nations.
        (3) Reporting requirement.--
            (A) The President shall ensure that the goals and objectives 
        supporting deployment of United States forces to Somalia and a 
        description of the mission, command arrangements, size, 
        functions, location, and anticipated duration in Somalia of 
        those forces are clearly articulated and provided in a detailed 
        report to the Congress by October 15, 1993.
            (B) Such report shall include the status of planning to 
        transfer the function contained in paragraph (2).
        (4) Congressional approval.--Upon reporting under the 
    requirements of paragraph (3) Congress believes the President should 
    by November 15, 1993, seek and receive congressional authorization 
    in order for the deployment of United States forces to Somalia to 
    continue.
                     TITLE XVI--ARMS CONTROL MATTERS
    Subtitle A--Programs in Support of the Prevention and Control of 
              Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
SEC. 1601. STUDY OF GLOBAL PROLIFERATION OF STRATEGIC AND ADVANCED 
CONVENTIONAL MILITARY WEAPONS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Study.--The President shall conduct a study of (1) the factors 
that contribute to the proliferation of strategic and advanced 
conventional military weapons and related equipment and technologies, 
and (2) the policy options that are available to the United States to 
inhibit such proliferation.
    (b) Conduct of Study.--In carrying out the study the President shall 
do the following:
        (1) Identify those factors contributing to global weapons 
    proliferation which can be most effectively regulated.
        (2) Identify and assess policy approaches available to the 
    United States to discourage the transfer of strategic and advanced 
    conventional military weapons and related equipment and technology.
        (3) Assess the effectiveness of current multilateral efforts to 
    control the transfer of such military weapons and equipment and such 
    technology.
        (4) Identify and examine methods by which the United States 
    could reinforce these multilateral efforts to discourage the 
    transfer of such weapons and equipment and such technology, 
    including placing conditions on assistance provided by the United 
    States to other nations.
        (5) Identify the circumstances under which United States 
    national security interests might best be served by a transfer of 
    conventional military weapons and related equipment and technology, 
    and specifically assess whether such circumstances exist when such a 
    transfer is made to an allied country which, with the United States, 
    has mutual national security interests to be served by such a 
    transfer.
        (6) Assess the effect on the United States economy and the 
    national technology and industrial base (as defined by section 
    2491(1) of title 10, United States Code) which might result from 
    potential changes in United States policy controlling the transfer 
    of such military weapons and related equipment and technology.
    (c) Advisory Board.--(1) Within 15 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall establish an Advisory Board 
on Arms Proliferation Policy. The advisory board shall be composed of 5 
members. The President shall appoint the members from among persons in 
private life who are noted for their stature and expertise in matters 
covered by the study required under subsection (a) and shall ensure, in 
making the appointments, that the advisory board is composed of members 
from diverse backgrounds. The President shall designate one of the 
members as chairman of the advisory board.
    (2) The President is encouraged--
        (A) to obtain the advice of the advisory board regarding the 
    matters studied pursuant to subsection (a) and to consider that 
    advice in carrying out the study; and
        (B) to ensure that the advisory board is informed in a timely 
    manner and on a continuing basis of the results of policy reviews 
    carried out under the study by persons outside the board.
    (3) The members of the advisory board shall receive no pay for 
serving on the advisory board. However, the members shall be allowed 
travel expenses and per diem in accordance with the regulations referred 
to in paragraph (6).
    (4) Upon request of the chairman of the advisory board, the 
Secretary of Defense or the head of any other Federal department or 
agency may detail, without reimbursement for costs, any of the personnel 
of the department or agency to the advisory board to assist the board in 
carrying out its duties.
    (5) The Secretary of Defense shall designate a federally funded 
research and development center with expertise in the matters covered by 
the study required under subsection (a) to provide the advisory board 
with such support services as the advisory board may need to carry out 
its duties.
    (6) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of 
the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), and the regulations 
prescribed by the Administrator of General Services pursuant to that 
Act, shall apply to the advisory board. Subsections (e) and (f) of 
section 10 of such Act do not apply to the advisory board.
    (7) The advisory board shall terminate 30 days after the date on 
which the President submits the final report of the advisory board to 
Congress pursuant to subsection (d)(2)(B).
    (d) Reports.--(1) The Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation Policy 
shall submit to the President, not later than May 15, 1994, a report 
containing its findings, conclusions, and recommendations on the matters 
covered by the study carried out pursuant to subsection (a).
    (2) The President shall submit to Congress, not later than June 1, 
1994--
        (A) a report on the study carried out pursuant to subsection 
    (a), including the President's findings and conclusions regarding 
    the matters considered in the study; and
        (B) the report of the Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation 
    Policy received under paragraph (1), together with the comments, if 
    any, of the President on that report.

SEC. 1602. EXTENSION OF EXISTING AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Extension to Fiscal Year 1994.--Section 1505 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (22 U.S.C. 5859a) is 
amended by striking out ``fiscal year 1993'' in subsections (a), (d)(1), 
and (e) and inserting in lieu thereof ``fiscal year 1994''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (d)(3) of such section is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``40,000,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``$25,000,000, including funds used for activities of the On-Site 
    Inspection Agency in support of the United Nations Special 
    Commission on Iraq''; and
        (2) by striking out the second sentence.
    (c) Repeal of Notice-and-Wait Requirement.--Subsection (d) of such 
section is further amended by striking out paragraph (4).
SEC. 1603. STUDIES RELATING TO UNITED STATES COUNTERPROLIFERATION 
POLICY.
    (a) Authorization To Conduct Studies.--During fiscal year 1994, the 
Secretary of Defense may conduct studies and analysis programs in 
support of the counterproliferation policy of the United States.
    (b) Counterproliferation Studies.--Studies and analysis programs 
under this section may include programs intended to explore defense 
policy issues that might be involved in efforts to prevent and counter 
the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery 
systems. Such efforts include--
        (1) enhancing United States military capabilities to deter and 
    respond to terrorism, theft, and proliferation involving weapons of 
    mass destruction;
        (2) cooperating in international programs to enhance military 
    capabilities to deter and respond to terrorism, theft, and 
    proliferation involving weapons of mass destruction; and
        (3) otherwise contributing to Department of Defense capabilities 
    to deter, identify, monitor, and respond to such terrorism, theft, 
    and proliferation involving weapons of mass destruction.
    (c) Designation of Coordinator.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Policy, subject to the supervision and control of the Secretary of 
Defense, shall coordinate the policy studies and analysis of the 
Department of Defense on countering proliferation of weapons of mass 
destruction and their delivery systems.
    (d) Funds.--Funds for programs authorized in this section shall be 
derived from amounts made available to the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 1994 or from balances in working capital accounts of the 
Department of Defense. The total amount expended for fiscal year 1994 to 
carry out studies and analysis programs under subsection (a) may not 
exceed $6,000,000.
    (e) Restriction.--None of the funds referred to in subsection (d) 
shall be available for the purposes stated in this section until 15 days 
after the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report setting forth--
        (1) a description of all of the activities within the Department 
    of Defense that are being carried out or are to be carried out for 
    the purposes stated in this section;
        (2) the plan for coordinating and integrating those activities 
    within the Department of Defense;
        (3) the plan for coordinating and integrating those activities 
    with those of other Federal agencies; and
        (4) the sources of the funds to be used for such purposes.
    (f) Report.--Not later than April 30 of each year, and not later 
than October 30 of each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report on the activities 
carried out under subsection (a). Each report shall set forth for the 
six-month period ending on the last day of the month preceding the month 
in which the report is due the following:
        (1) A description of the studies and analysis carried out.
        (2) The amounts spent for such studies and analysis.
        (3) The organizations that conducted the studies and analysis.
        (4) An explanation of the extent to which such studies and 
    analysis contributes to the counterproliferation policy of the 
    United States and United States military capabilities to deter and 
    respond to terrorism, theft, and proliferation involving weapons of 
    mass destruction.
        (5) A description of the measures being taken to ensure that 
    such studies and analysis within the Department of Defense is 
    managed effectively and coordinated comprehensively.
SEC. 1604. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING UNITED STATES CAPABILITIES TO 
PREVENT AND COUNTER WEAPONS PROLIFERATION.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the United States should have the ability to counter 
    effectively potential threats to United States interests that arise 
    from the proliferation of such weapons;
        (2) the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the 
    Department of Energy, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and 
    the intelligence community have important roles, as well as unique 
    capabilities and expertise, in preventing the proliferation of 
    weapons of mass destruction and dealing with the consequences of any 
    proliferation of such weapons, including capabilities and expertise 
    regarding--
            (A) detection and monitoring of proliferation of weapons of 
        mass destruction;
            (B) development of effective export control regimes;
            (C) interdiction and destruction of weapons of mass 
        destruction and related weapons material; and
            (D) carrying out international monitoring and inspection 
        regimes that relate to proliferation of such weapons and 
        material;
        (3) the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, and the 
    intelligence community have unique capabilities and expertise that 
    contribute directly to the ability of the United States to implement 
    United States policy to counter effectively the threats that arise 
    from the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including 
    capabilities and expertise regarding--
            (A) responses to terrorism, theft, or accidents involving 
        weapons of mass destruction;
            (B) conduct of intrusive international inspections for 
        verification of arms control treaties;
            (C) direct and discrete counterproliferation actions that 
        require use of force; and
            (D) development and deployment of active military 
        countermeasures and protective measures against threats 
        resulting from arms proliferation, including defenses against 
        ballistic missile attacks; and
        (4) the United States should continue to maintain and improve 
    its capabilities to identify, monitor, and respond to the 
    proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and delivery systems 
    for such weapons.
SEC. 1605. JOINT COMMITTEE FOR REVIEW OF PROLIFERATION PROGRAMS OF THE 
UNITED STATES.
    (a) Establishment.--(1) There is hereby established a Non-
Proliferation Program Review Committee composed of the following 
members:
        (A) The Secretary of Defense.
        (B) The Secretary of State.
        (C) The Secretary of Energy.
        (D) The Director of Central Intelligence.
        (E) The Director of the United States Arms Control and 
    Disarmament Agency.
        (F) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (2) The Secretary of Defense shall chair the committee.
    (3) A member of the committee may designate a representative to 
perform routinely the duties of the member. A representative shall be in 
a position of Deputy Assistant Secretary or a position equivalent to or 
above the level of Deputy Assistant Secretary. A representative of the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall be a person in a grade 
equivalent to that of Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense.
    (4) The Secretary of Defense may delegate to the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Technology the performance of the duties of 
the Chairman of the committee.
    (5) The members of the committee shall first meet not later than 30 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Upon designation of 
working level officials and representatives, the members of the 
committee shall jointly notify the appropriate committees of Congress 
that the committee has been constituted. The notification shall identify 
the representatives designated pursuant to paragraph (3) and the working 
level officials of the committee.
    (b) Purposes of the Committee.--The purposes of the committee are as 
follows:
        (1) To optimize funding for, and ensure the development and 
    deployment of--
            (A) highly effective technologies and capabilities for the 
        detection, monitoring, collection, processing, analysis, and 
        dissemination of information in support of United States 
        nonproliferation policy; and
            (B) disabling technologies in support of such policy.
        (2) To identify and eliminate undesirable redundancies or 
    uncoordinated efforts in the development and deployment of such 
    technologies and capabilities.
    (c) Duties.--The committee shall--
        (1) identify and review existing and proposed capabilities 
    (including counterproliferation capabilities) and technologies for 
    support of United States nonproliferation policy with regard to--
            (A) intelligence;
            (B) battlefield surveillance;
            (C) passive defenses;
            (D) active defenses;
            (E) counterforce capabilities;
            (F) inspection support; and
            (G) support of export control programs;
        (2) as part of the review pursuant to paragraph (1), review all 
    directed energy and laser programs for detecting, characterizing, or 
    interdicting weapons of mass destruction, their delivery platforms, 
    or other orbiting platforms with a view to the elimination of 
    redundancy and the optimization of funding for the systems not 
    eliminated;
        (3) review the programs (including the crisis management 
    program) developed by the Department of State to counter terrorism 
    involving weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems;
        (4) prescribe requirements and priorities for the development 
    and deployment of highly effective capabilities and technologies to 
    support fully the nonproliferation policy of the United States;
        (5) identify deficiencies in existing capabilities and 
    technologies;
        (6) formulate near-term, mid-term, and long-term programmatic 
    options for meeting requirements established by the committee and 
    eliminating deficiencies identified by the committee; and
        (7) in carrying out the other duties of the committee, ensure 
    that all types of counterproliferation actions are considered.
    (d) Access to Information.--The committee shall have access to 
information on all programs, projects, and activities of the Department 
of Defense, the Department of State, the Department of Energy, the 
intelligence community, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency that 
are pertinent to the purposes and duties of the committee.
    (e) Budget Recommendations.--The committee may submit to the 
officials referred to in subsection (a) any recommendation regarding 
existing or planned budgets as the committee considers appropriate to 
encourage funding for capabilities and technologies at the level 
necessary to support United States nonproliferation policy.
    (f) Termination of Committee.--The committee shall cease to exist 
six months after the date on which the report of the Secretary of 
Defense under section 1606 is submitted to Congress.
SEC. 1606. REPORT ON NONPROLIFERATION AND COUNTERPRO- LIFERATION 
ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 1994, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the findings of the 
committee on nonproliferation activities established by section 1605.
    (b) Content of Report.--The report shall include the following 
matters:
        (1) A complete list, by program, of the existing, planned, and 
    proposed capabilities and technologies reviewed by the committee, 
    including all directed energy and laser programs reviewed pursuant 
    to section 1605(c)(2).
        (2) A complete description of the requirements and priorities 
    established by the committee.
        (3) A comprehensive discussion of the near-term, mid-term, and 
    long-term programmatic options formulated by the committee for 
    meeting requirements prescribed by the committee and eliminating 
    deficiencies identified by the committee, including the annual 
    funding requirements and completion dates established for each such 
    option.
        (4) An explanation of the recommendations made pursuant to 
    section 1605(e) and a full discussion of the actions taken on such 
    recommendations, including the actions taken to implement the 
    recommendations.
        (5) A discussion of the existing and planned capabilities of the 
    Department of Defense--
            (A) to detect and monitor clandestine programs for the 
        acquisition or production of weapons of mass destruction;
            (B) to respond to terrorism or accidents involving such 
        weapons and thefts of materials related to any weapon of mass 
        destruction; and
            (C) to assist in the interdiction and destruction of weapons 
        of mass destruction, related weapons materials, and advanced 
        conventional weapons.
        (6) A description of--
            (A) the extent to which the Secretary of Defense has 
        incorporated nonproliferation and counterproliferation missions 
        into the overall missions of the unified combatant commands; and
            (B) how the special operations command established pursuant 
        to section 167(a) of title 10, United States Code, might support 
        the commanders of the other unified combatant commands and the 
        commanders of the specified combatant commands in the 
        performance of such overall missions.
    (c) Forms of Report.--The report shall be submitted in both 
unclassified and classified forms, as appropriate.

SEC. 1607. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this subtitle:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
    U.S.C. 401a).
          Subtitle B--International Nonproliferation Activities

SEC. 1611. NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
        (1) The United States has been seeking to contain the spread of 
    nuclear weapons technology and materials.
        (2) With the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet 
    Union, the proliferation of nuclear weapons is now a leading 
    military threat to the national security of the United States and 
    its allies.
        (3) The United Nations Security Council declared on January 31, 
    1992, that ``proliferation of all weapons of mass destruction 
    constitutes a threat to international peace and security'' and 
    committed to taking appropriate action to prevent proliferation from 
    occurring.
        (4) Aside from the five declared nuclear weapon states, a number 
    of other nations have or are pursuing nuclear weapons capabilities.
        (5) The IAEA is a valuable international institution to counter 
    proliferation, but the effectiveness of its system to safeguard 
    nuclear materials may be adversely affected by financial 
    constraints.
        (6) The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty codifies world 
    consensus against further nuclear proliferation and is scheduled for 
    review and extension in 1995.
        (7) The Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 declared that the 
    United States is committed to continued strong support for the 
    Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and to a strengthened and more 
    effective IAEA, and established that it is United States policy to 
    establish more effective controls over the transfer of nuclear 
    equipment, materials, and technology.
    (b) Comprehensive Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy.--In order to end 
nuclear proliferation and reduce current nuclear arsenals and supplies 
of weapons-usable nuclear materials, it should be the policy of the 
United States to pursue a comprehensive policy to end the further spread 
of nuclear weapons capability, roll back nuclear proliferation where it 
has occurred, and prevent the use of nuclear weapons anywhere in the 
world, with the following additional objectives:
        (1) Successful conclusion of all pending nuclear arms control 
    and disarmament agreements with all the republics of the former 
    Soviet Union and their secure implementation.
        (2) Full participation by all the republics of the former Soviet 
    Union in all multilateral nuclear nonproliferation efforts and 
    acceptance of IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear facilities.
        (3) Strengthening of United States and international support to 
    the IAEA so that the IAEA has the technical, financial, and 
    political resources to verify that countries are complying with 
    their nonproliferation commitments.
        (4) Strengthening of nuclear export controls in the United 
    States and other nuclear supplier nations, impose sanctions on 
    individuals, companies, and countries which contribute to nuclear 
    proliferation, and provide increased public information on nuclear 
    export licenses approved in the United States.
        (5) Reduction in incentives for countries to pursue the 
    acquisition of nuclear weapons by seeking to reduce regional 
    tensions and to strengthen regional security agreements, and 
    encourage the United Nations Security Council to increase its role 
    in enforcing international nuclear nonproliferation agreements.
        (6) Support for the indefinite extension of the Nuclear Non-
    Proliferation Treaty at the 1995 conference to review and extend 
    that treaty and seek to ensure that all countries sign the treaty or 
    participate in a comparable international regime for monitoring and 
    safeguarding nuclear facilities and materials.
        (7) Reaching agreement with the Russian Federation to end the 
    production of new types of nuclear warheads.
        (8) Pursuing, once the START I treaty and the START II treaty 
    are ratified by all parties, a multilateral agreement to 
    significantly reduce the strategic nuclear arsenals of the United 
    States and the Russian Federation to below the levels of the START 
    II treaty, with lower levels for the United Kingdom, France, and the 
    People's Republic of China.
        (9) Reaching immediate agreement with the Russian Federation to 
    halt permanently the production of fissile material for weapons 
    purposes, and working to achieve worldwide agreements to--
            (A) end in the shortest possible time the production of 
        weapons-usable fissile material;
            (B) place existing stockpiles of such materials under 
        bilateral or international controls; and
            (C) require countries to place all of their nuclear 
        facilities dedicated to peaceful purposes under IAEA safeguards.
        (10) Strengthening IAEA safeguards to more effectively verify 
    that countries are complying with their nonproliferation commitments 
    and provide the IAEA with the political, technical, and financial 
    support necessary to implement the necessary safeguard reforms.
        (11) Conclusion of a multilateral comprehensive nuclear test ban 
    treaty.
    (c) Requirements for Implementation of Policy.--(1) Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
shall submit to the Congress a report, in unclassified form, with a 
classified appendix if necessary, on the actions the United States has 
taken and the actions the United States plans to take during the 
succeeding 12-month period to implement each of the policy objectives 
set forth in this section.
    (2) Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the President shall submit to the Congress a report in unclassified 
form, with a classified appendix if necessary, which--
        (A) addresses the implications of the adoption by the United 
    States of a policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons;
        (B) addresses the implications of an agreement with the other 
    nuclear weapons states to adopt such a policy; and
        (C) addresses the implications of a verifiable bilateral 
    agreement with the Russian Federation under which both countries 
    withdraw from their arsenals and dismantle all tactical nuclear 
    weapons, and seek to extend to all nuclear weapons states this zero 
    option for tactical nuclear weapons.
    (d) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``IAEA'' means the International Atomic Energy 
    Agency.
        (2) The term ``IAEA safeguards'' means the safeguards set forth 
    in an agreement between a country and the IAEA, as authorized by 
    Article III(A)(5) of the Statute of the International Atomic Energy 
    Agency.
        (3) The term ``non-nuclear weapon state'' means any country that 
    is not a nuclear weapon state.
        (4) The term ``Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty'' means the 
    Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed at 
    Washington, London, and Moscow on July 1, 1968.
        (5) The term ``nuclear weapon state'' means any country that is 
    a nuclear-weapon state, as defined by Article IX(3) of the Treaty on 
    the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed at Washington, 
    London, and Moscow on July 1, 1968.
        (6) The term ``weapons-usable fissile materials'' means highly 
    enriched uranium and separated or reprocessed plutonium.
        (7) The term ``policy of no first use of nuclear weapons'' means 
    a commitment not to initiate the use of nuclear weapons.
        (8) The term ``START II treaty'' means the Treaty on Further 
    Reductions and Limitations of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed by 
    the United States and the Russian Federation on January 3, 1993.
SEC. 1612. CONDITION ON ASSISTANCE TO RUSSIA FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 
PLUTONIUM STORAGE FACILITY.
    (a) Limitation.--Until a certification under subsection (b) is made, 
no funds may be obligated or expended by the United States for the 
purpose of assisting the Ministry of Atomic Energy of Russia to 
construct a storage facility for surplus plutonium from dismantled 
weapons.
    (b) Certification of Russia's Commitment to Halt Chemical Separation 
of Weapon-Grade Plutonium.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall 
cease to apply upon a certification by the President to Congress that 
Russia--
        (1) is committed to halting the chemical separation of weapon-
    grade plutonium from spent nuclear fuel; and
        (2) is taking all practical steps to halt such separation at the 
    earliest possible date.
    (c) Sense of Congress on Plutonium Policy.--It is the sense of 
Congress that a key objective of the United States with respect to the 
nonproliferation of nuclear weapons should be to obtain a clear and 
unequivocal commitment from the Government of Russia that it will (1) 
cease all production and separation of weapon-grade plutonium, and (2) 
halt chemical separation of plutonium produced in civil nuclear power 
reactors.
    (d) Report.--Not later than June 1, 1994, the President shall submit 
to Congress a report on the status of efforts by the United States to 
secure the commitments and achieve the objective described in 
subsections (b) and (c). The President shall include in the report a 
discussion of the status of joint efforts by the United States and 
Russia to replace any remaining Russian plutonium production reactors 
with alternative power sources or to convert such reactors to operation 
with alternative fuels that would permit their operation without 
generating weapon-grade plutonium.
SEC. 1613. NORTH KOREA AND THE TREATY ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
        (1) The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to 
    which 156 states are party, is the cornerstone of the international 
    nuclear nonproliferation regime.
        (2) Any nonnuclear weapon state that is a party to the Treaty on 
    the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is obligated to accept 
    International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards on all source or 
    special fissionable material that is within its territory, under its 
    jurisdiction, or carried out under its control anywhere.
        (3) The International Atomic Energy Agency is permitted to 
    conduct inspections in a nonnuclear weapon state that is a party to 
    the Treaty at any site, whether or not declared by that state, to 
    ensure that all source or special fissionable material in that state 
    is under safeguards.
        (4) North Korea acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation 
    of Nuclear Weapons as a nonnuclear weapons state in December 1985.
        (5) North Korea, after acceding to that Treaty, refused until 
    1992 to accept International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards as 
    required under the Treaty.
        (6) Inspections of North Korea's nuclear materials by the 
    International Atomic Energy Agency suggested discrepancies in North 
    Korea's declarations regarding special nuclear materials.
        (7) North Korea has not given a scientifically satisfactory 
    explanation for those discrepancies.
        (8) North Korea refused to provide International Atomic Energy 
    Agency inspectors with full access to two sites for the purposes of 
    verifying its compliance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of 
    Nuclear Weapons.
        (9) When called upon by the International Atomic Energy Agency 
    to provide such full access as required by the Treaty, North Korea 
    announced its intention to withdraw from the Treaty, effective after 
    the required three months notice.
        (10) After intensive negotiations with the United States, North 
    Korea agreed to suspend its intention to withdraw from the Treaty on 
    the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and begin consultations 
    with the International Atomic Energy Agency on providing access to 
    its suspect sites.
        (11) In an attempt to persuade North Korea to abandon its 
    nuclear weapons program, the United States has offered to discuss 
    with North Korea specific incentives that could be provided for 
    North Korea once (A) outstanding inspection issues between North 
    Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency are resolved, and 
    (B) progress is made in bilateral talks between North Korea and 
    South Korea.
    (b) Congressional Statements.--The Congress--
        (1) notes that the continued refusal of North Korea nearly eight 
    years after ratification of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of 
    Nuclear Weapons to fully accept International Atomic Energy Agency 
    safeguards raises serious questions regarding a possible North 
    Korean nuclear weapons program;
        (2) notes that possession by North Korea of nuclear weapons (A) 
    would threaten peace and stability in Asia, (B) would jeopardize the 
    existing nuclear non-proliferation regime, and (C) would undermine 
    the goal of the United States to extend the Treaty on the Non-
    Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons at the 1995 review conference;
        (3) urges continued pressure from the President, United States 
    allies, and the United Nations Security Council on North Korea to 
    adhere to the Treaty and provide full access to the International 
    Atomic Energy Agency in the shortest time possible;
        (4) urges the President, United States allies, and the United 
    Nations Security Council to press for continued talks between North 
    Korea and South Korea on denuclearization of the Korean peninsula;
        (5) urges that no trade, financial, or other economic benefits 
    be provided to North Korea by the United States or United States 
    allies until North Korea has (A) provided full access to the 
    International Atomic Energy Agency, (B) satisfactorily explained any 
    discrepancies in its declarations of bomb-grade material, and (C) 
    fully demonstrated that it does not have or seek a nuclear weapons 
    capability; and
        (6) calls on the President and the international community to 
    take steps to strengthen the international nuclear nonproliferation 
    regime.
SEC. 1614. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO THE PROLIFERATION OF SPACE 
LAUNCH VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
        (1) The United States has joined with other nations in the 
    Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which restricts the 
    transfer of missiles or equipment or technology that could 
    contribute to the design, development, or production of missiles 
    capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction.
        (2) Missile technology is indistinguishable from, and 
    interchangeable with, space launch vehicle technology.
        (3) Transfers of missile technology or space launch vehicle 
    technology cannot be safeguarded in a manner that would provide 
    timely warning of diversion for military purposes.
        (4) It has been United States policy since agreeing to the 
    guidelines of the Missile Technology Control Regime to treat the 
    sale or transfer of space launch vehicle technology as restrictively 
    as the sale or transfer of missile technology.
        (5) Previous congressional action on missile proliferation, 
    notably title XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1738), has 
    explicitly supported the policy described in paragraph (4) through 
    such actions as the statutory definition of the term ``missile'' to 
    mean ``a category I system as defined in the MTCR Annex, and any 
    other unmanned delivery system of similar capability, as well as the 
    specially designed production facilities for these systems''.
        (6) There is strong evidence that emerging national space launch 
    programs in the Third World are not economically viable.
        (7) The United States has been successful in dissuading other 
    countries from pursuing space launch vehicle programs in part by 
    offering to cooperate with those countries in other areas of space 
    science and technology.
        (8) The United States has successfully dissuaded other MTCR 
    adherents, and countries who have agreed to abide by MTCR 
    guidelines, from providing assistance to emerging national space 
    launch programs in the Third World.
    (b) Strict Interpretation of MTCR.--The Congress supports the strict 
interpretation by the United States of the Missile Technology Control 
Regime concerning--
        (1) the inability to distinguish space launch vehicle technology 
    from missile technology under the regime; and
        (2) the inability to safeguard space launch vehicle technology 
    in a manner that would provide timely warning of the diversion of 
    such technology to military purposes.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States Government and the governments of other nations adhering to the 
Missile Technology Control Regime should be recognized by the 
international community for--
        (1) the success of those governments in restricting the export 
    of space launch vehicle technology and of missile technology; and
        (2) the significant contribution made by the imposition of such 
    restrictions to reducing the proliferation of missile technology 
    capable of being used to deliver weapons of mass destruction.
    (d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``Missile 
Technology Control Regime'' or ``MTCR'' means the policy statement, 
between the United States, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of 
Germany, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan, announced on April 16, 1987, 
to restrict sensitive missile-relevant transfers based on the MTCR 
Annex, and any amendments thereto.
           TITLE XVII--CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS DEFENSE
SEC. 1701. CONDUCT OF THE CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.
    (a) General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the chemical 
and biological defense program of the United States in accordance with 
the provisions of this section.
    (b) Management and Oversight.--In carrying out his responsibilities 
under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall do the following:
        (1) Assign responsibility for overall coordination and 
    integration of the chemical and biological warfare defense program 
    and the chemical and biological medical defense program to a single 
    office within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
        (2) Take those actions necessary to ensure close and continuous 
    coordination between (A) the chemical and biological warfare defense 
    program, and (B) the chemical and biological medical defense 
    program.
        (3) Exercise oversight over the chemical and biological defense 
    program through the Defense Acquisition Board process.
    (c) Coordination of the Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
designate the Army as executive agent for the Department of Defense to 
coordinate and integrate research, development, test, and evaluation, 
and acquisition, requirements of the military departments for chemical 
and biological warfare defense programs of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Funding.--(1) The budget for the Department of Defense for each 
fiscal year after fiscal year 1994 shall reflect a coordinated and 
integrated chemical and biological defense program for the military 
departments.
    (2) Funding requests for the program shall be set forth in the 
budget of the Department of Defense for each fiscal year as a separate 
account, with a single program element for each of the categories of 
research, development, test, and evaluation, acquisition, and military 
construction. Amounts for military construction projects may be set 
forth in the annual military construction budget. Funds for military 
construction for the program in the military construction budget shall 
be set forth separately from other funds for military construction 
projects. Funding requests for the program may not be included in the 
budget accounts of the military departments.
    (3) All funding requirements for the chemical and biological defense 
program shall be reviewed by the Secretary of the Army as executive 
agent pursuant to subsection (c).
    (e) Management Review and Report.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall conduct a review of the management structure of the Department of 
Defense chemical and biological warfare defense program, including--
        (A) research, development, test, and evaluation;
        (B) procurement;
        (C) doctrine development;
        (D) policy;
        (E) training;
        (F) development of requirements;
        (G) readiness; and
        (H) risk assessment.
    (2) Not later than May 1, 1994, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report that describes the details of measures being taken to 
improve joint coordination and oversight of the program and ensure a 
coherent and effective approach to its management.
SEC. 1702. CONSOLIDATION OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE TRAINING 
ACTIVITIES.
    The Secretary of Defense shall consolidate all chemical and 
biological warfare defense training activities of the Department of 
Defense at the United States Army Chemical School.
SEC. 1703. ANNUAL REPORT ON CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE DEFENSE.
    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in the 
annual report of the Secretary under section 113(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, a report on chemical and biological warfare defense. The 
report shall assess--
        (1) the overall readiness of the Armed Forces to fight in a 
    chemical-biological warfare environment and shall describe steps 
    taken and planned to be taken to improve such readiness; and
        (2) requirements for the chemical and biological warfare defense 
    program, including requirements for training, detection, and 
    protective equipment, for medical prophylaxis, and for treatment of 
    casualties resulting from use of chemical or biological weapons.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The report shall include information on 
the following:
        (1) The quantities, characteristics, and capabilities of fielded 
    chemical and biological defense equipment to meet wartime and 
    peacetime requirements for support of the Armed Forces, including 
    individual protective items.
        (2) The status of research and development programs, and 
    acquisition programs, for required improvements in chemical and 
    biological defense equipment and medical treatment, including an 
    assessment of the ability of the Department of Defense and the 
    industrial base to meet those requirements.
        (3) Measures taken to ensure the integration of requirements for 
    chemical and biological defense equipment and material among the 
    Armed Forces.
        (4) The status of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) 
    warfare defense training and readiness among the Armed Forces and 
    measures being taken to include realistic nuclear, biological, and 
    chemical warfare simulations in war games, battle simulations, and 
    training exercises.
        (5) Measures taken to improve overall management and 
    coordination of the chemical and biological defense program.
        (6) Problems encountered in the chemical and biological warfare 
    defense program during the past year and recommended solutions to 
    those problems for which additional resources or actions by the 
    Congress are required.
        (7) A description of the chemical warfare defense preparations 
    that have been and are being undertaken by the Department of Defense 
    to address needs which may arise under article X of the Chemical 
    Weapons Convention.
        (8) A summary of other preparations undertaken by the Department 
    of Defense and the On-Site Inspection Agency to prepare for and to 
    assist in the implementation of the convention, including activities 
    such as training for inspectors, preparation of defense 
    installations for inspections under the convention using the Defense 
    Treaty Inspection Readiness Program, provision of chemical weapons 
    detection equipment, and assistance in the safe transportation, 
    storage, and destruction of chemical weapons in other signatory 
    nations to the convention.
SEC. 1704. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING FEDERAL EMERGENCY PLANNING FOR 
RESPONSE TO TERRORIST THREATS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the President should strengthen 
Federal interagency emergency planning by the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency and other appropriate Federal, State, and local 
agencies for development of a capability for early detection and warning 
of and response to--
        (1) potential terrorist use of chemical or biological agents or 
    weapons; and
        (2) emergencies or natural disasters involving industrial 
    chemicals or the widespread outbreak of disease.
SEC. 1705. AGREEMENTS TO PROVIDE SUPPORT TO VACCINATION PROGRAMS OF 
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES.
    (a) Agreements Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into 
agreements with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to provide 
support for vaccination programs of the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services in the United States through use of the excess peacetime 
biological weapons defense capability of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Report.--Not later than February 1, 1994, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the feasibility of providing Department of Defense support for 
vaccination programs under subsection (a) and shall identify resource 
requirements that are not within the Department's capability.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 2001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994''.
                             TITLE XXI--ARMY
SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZED ARMY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(1), the 
Secretary of the Army may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations inside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

                                                                            Army: Inside the United States                                                    
                                                                                                                                                              
                    <!!>                                  State                   Installation or location         Amount                    <!!>             
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Alabama.......................   Fort Rucker...................    $42,650,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Alaska........................   Fort Wainwright...............       $740,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Richardson...............    $10,000,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Arizona.......................   Fort Huachuca.................     $8,850,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          California....................   Fort Irwin....................     $5,900,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Colorado......................   Fort Carson...................     $4,050,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fitzsimons Medical Center.....     $4,400,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Georgia.......................   Fort Benning..................    $37,650,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Stewart..................    $20,300,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Gillem...................     $2,600,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Hawaii........................   Schofield Barracks............    $18,600,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Kansas........................   Fort Riley....................    $14,642,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Kentucky......................   Fort Campbell.................    $40,300,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Knox.....................    $41,350,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Maryland......................   Aberdeen Proving Ground.......    $21,700,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Missouri......................   Fort Leonard Wood.............     $1,000,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Nevada........................   Hawthorne Army Ammunition                       ...............................
                                                                               Plant.........................    $11,700,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          New Jersey....................   Fort Monmouth.................     $7,500,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Picatinny Arsenal.............    $10,500,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          New Mexico....................   White Sands Missile Range.....     $6,200,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          New York......................   Fort Drum.....................     $2,950,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           United States Military                          ...............................
                                                                               Academy, West Point...........    $13,800,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          North Carolina................   Fort Bragg....................   $118,690,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Oklahoma......................   Fort Sill.....................    $27,000,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Pennsylvania..................   Tobyhanna Army Depot..........       $750,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          South Carolina................   Fort Jackson..................     $2,700,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Texas.........................   Fort Bliss....................    $29,600,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Hood.....................    $56,500,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Sam Houston..............     $5,651,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Utah..........................   Dugway Proving Ground.........    $16,500,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Tooele Army Depot.............     $1,500,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Virginia......................   Fort Belvoir..................     $8,860,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Lee......................    $32,600,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Fort Myer.....................     $6,800,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Washington....................   Fort Lewis....................    $14,200,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          CONUS Various.................   Classified Locations..........     $1,852,000  <!!>                           
                                                                                                                               <!!>                           
                                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                

  
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    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(2), the 
Secretary of the Army may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the location outside the United States, and in 
the amount, set forth in the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                                            Army: Outside the United States                                                   
                                                                                                                                                              
                    <!!>                                 Country                  Installation or location         Amount                    <!!>             
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Kwajalein Atoll...............   Kwajalein.....................    $21,200,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                               <!!>                           
                                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                

  
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SEC. 2102. FAMILY HOUSING.

    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 
2104(a)(6)(A), the Secretary of the Army may construct or acquire family 
housing units (including land acquisition) at the installations, for the 
purposes, and in the amounts set forth in the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                                                 Army: Family Housing                                                         
                                                                                                                                                              
                    <!!>                              State                 Installation               Purpose              Amount               <!!>         
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>California.........  <!!>Fort Irwin.........  <!!>220 units..........    $25,000,000  ......................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>Hawaii.............  <!!>Schofield Barracks.  <!!>348 units..........    $52,000,000  ......................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>Maryland...........  <!!>Fort Meade.........  <!!>275 units..........    $26,000,000  ......................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>Nevada.............  <!!>Hawthorne Army                                     $500,000  ......................
                                                                       Ammunition Plant......  <!!>Demolition.........                                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>New York...........  <!!>U.S. Military                                   $15,000,000  ......................
                                                                       Academy, West Point...  <!!>100 units..........                                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>North Carolina.....  <!!>Fort Bragg.........  <!!>224 units..........    $18,000,000  ......................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         <!!>Wisconsin..........  <!!>Fort McCoy.........  <!!>16 units...........     $2,950,000  ......................
                                                                                                                                  <!!>                        
                                            -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                       

  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(6)(A), the Secretary 
of the Army may carry out architectural and engineering services and 
construction design activities with respect to the construction or 
improvement of family housing units in an amount not to exceed 
$11,805,000.

SEC. 2103. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.

    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
section 2104(a)(6)(A), the Secretary of the Army may improve existing 
military family housing in an amount not to exceed $77,630,000.

SEC. 2104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, ARMY.

    (a) In General.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1993, for military 
construction, land acquisition, and military family housing functions of 
the Department of the Army in the total amount of $2,378,919,000 as 
follows:
        (1) For military construction projects inside the United States 
    authorized by section 2101(a), $650,585,000.
        (2) For military construction projects outside the United States 
    authorized by section 2101(b), $21,200,000.
        (3) For the construction of the Chemical Demilitarization 
    Facility, Anniston Army Depot, Alabama, authorized in section 
    2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 1991 (division B of Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1758), 
    section 2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1992 (division B of Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1508), 
    and section 2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 
    2586), $95,300,000.
        (4) For unspecified minor military construction projects 
    authorized by section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, 
    $12,000,000.
        (5) For architectural and engineering services and construction 
    design under section 2807 of title 10, United States Code, 
    $109,441,000.
        (6) For military family housing functions:
            (A) For construction and acquisition of military family 
        housing and facilities, $228,885,000.
            (B) For support of military family housing (including the 
        functions described in section 2833 of title 10, United States 
        Code), $1,110,108,000 of which not more than $268,139,000 may be 
        obligated or expended for the leasing of military family housing 
        worldwide.
        (7) For the Homeowners Assistance Program as authorized by 
    section 2832 of title 10, United States Code, $151,400,000, to 
    remain available until expended.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2101 of this 
Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
SEC. 2105. TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROJECTS.
    (a) Fiscal Year 1993 Construction Project.--(1) The table in section 
2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1993 (division B of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2587) is amended by 
striking out the item relating to Tooele Army Depot, Utah.
    (2) Section 2105(a) of such Act (106 Stat. 2588) is amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$2,127,397,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$2,118,197,000''; and
        (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$338,860,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$329,660,000''.
    (b) Fiscal Year 1992 Construction Projects.--(1) Section 2101(a) of 
the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1992 
(division B of Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1508) is amended--
        (A) under the heading ``new york'', by striking out the item 
    relating to Seneca Army Depot; and
        (B) under the heading ``virginia'', by striking out the item 
    relating to Vint Hill Farms Station.
    (2) Section 2105(a) of such Act (105 Stat. 1511) is amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$2,576,674,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$2,571,974,000''; and
        (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$718,829,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$714,129,000''.
SEC. 2106. CONSTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL MUNITIONS DISPOSAL FACILITIES.
    (a) Limitation on Construction.--None of the amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a) may 
be obligated for the construction of a new chemical munitions disposal 
facility at Anniston Army Depot, Alabama, until the Secretary of Defense 
submits a certification described in subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--A certification referred to in subsection (a) is 
a certification submitted by the Secretary of Defense to Congress that--
        (1) the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System has 
    operated successfully for a period of six months, has met all 
    required environmental and safety standards, and has proven to be 
    operationally effective; and
        (2) if the Secretary of the Army awards a construction contract 
    for the chemical munitions disposal facility at Anniston Army Depot, 
    Alabama, the Secretary of the Army will schedule the award of a 
    construction contract for a chemical munitions disposal facility at 
    another non-low-volume chemical weapons storage site in the 
    continental United States during the same 12-month period in which 
    the construction contract for the facility at the Anniston Army 
    Depot is awarded.
                            TITLE XXII--NAVY
SEC. 2201. AUTHORIZED NAVY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a)(1), the 
Secretary of the Navy may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations inside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

                                                                            Navy: Inside the United States                                                    
                                                                                                                                                              
                    <!!>                                  State                   Installation or location         Amount                    <!!>             
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          California....................   Barstow Marine Corps Logistics                  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Camp Pendleton Marine Corps                     ...............................
                                                                               Air Station...................     $3,850,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Camp Pendleton Marine Corps                     ...............................
                                                                               Base..........................    $11,130,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Fallbrook Naval Weapons                         ...............................
                                                                               Station Annex.................     $4,630,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Lemoore Naval Air Station.....     $1,930,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           San Diego Naval Hospital......     $2,700,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           San Diego Fleet Industrial                      ...............................
                                                                               Supply Center.................     $2,270,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           San Diego Marine Corps Recruit                  ...............................
                                                                               Depot.........................     $1,130,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Twentynine Palms, Marine Corps                  ...............................
                                                                               Air-Ground Combat Center......     $7,900,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Connecticut...................   New London Naval Submarine                      ...............................
                                                                               Base..........................    $40,940,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          District of Columbia..........   Washington, Commandant, Naval                   ...............................
                                                                               District......................     $3,110,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Naval Research Laboratory.....     $2,380,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Florida.......................   Jacksonville Naval Air Station    $14,420,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Mayport Naval Station.........     $3,260,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Pensacola Naval Air Station...     $6,420,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Georgia.......................   Albany Marine Corps Logistics                   ...............................
                                                                               Base..........................       $940,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base    $10,920,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Kings Bay Trident Training                      ...............................
                                                                               Facility......................     $3,870,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Hawaii........................   Barbers Point Naval Air                         ...............................
                                                                               Station.......................     $2,700,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Honolulu, Naval Communications                  ...............................
                                                                               and Telecommunications Area                                                    
                                                                               Master Station, Eastern                                                        
                                                                               Pacific.......................     $9,120,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Pearl Harbor Naval Inactive                     ...............................
                                                                               Ship Maintenance Facility.....     $2,620,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Pearl Harbor Naval Submarine                    ...............................
                                                                               Base..........................    $54,140,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Pearl Harbor Public Works                       ...............................
                                                                               Center........................    $27,540,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Pearl Harbor, Commander,                        ...............................
                                                                               Oceanographic System Pacific,                                                  
                                                                               Berthing Pier.................    $16,780,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Indiana.......................   Crane Naval Surface Warfare                     ...............................
                                                                               Center........................     $9,600,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Maine.........................   Kittery Portsmouth Naval                        ...............................
                                                                               Shipyard......................     $4,780,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Maryland......................   Bethesda National Naval                         ...............................
                                                                               Medical Center................     $3,090,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Indian Head, Naval Surface                      ...............................
                                                                               Weapons Center................     $3,400,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Patuxent River Naval Air                        ...............................
                                                                               Warfare Center................     $9,300,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Mississippi...................   Gulfport Naval Construction                     ...............................
                                                                               Battalion Center..............     $4,400,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Nevada........................   Fallon Naval Air Station......     $1,600,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          New Jersey....................   Earle Naval Weapons Station...     $2,580,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          North Carolina................   Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base    $41,290,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Camp Lejeune Naval Hospital...     $2,370,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Cherry Point Marine Corps Air                   ...............................
                                                                               Station.......................     $7,500,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Pennsylvania..................   Philadelphia Aviation Supply                    ...............................
                                                                               Office........................     $1,900,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Philadelphia Naval Inactive                     ...............................
                                                                               Ship Maintenance Facility.....     $8,660,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Philadelphia Naval Shipyard...    $13,500,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Rhode Island..................   Newport Naval Education and                     ...............................
                                                                               Training Center...............    $11,300,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          South Carolina................   Beaufort Marine Corps Air                       ...............................
                                                                               Station.......................    $10,900,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Charleston Naval Weapons                        ...............................
                                                                               Station.......................       $580,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Tennessee.....................   Memphis Naval Air Station.....     $1,450,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Texas.........................   Corpus Christi Naval Air                        ...............................
                                                                               Station.......................     $1,670,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Virginia......................   Chesapeake, Marine Corps                        ...............................
                                                                               Security Battalion............     $5,380,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Craney Island Fleet and                         ...............................
                                                                               Industrial Supply Center Annex    $11,740,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Norfolk, Commander,                             ...............................
                                                                               Operational Test and                                                           
                                                                               Evaluation Force..............     $8,100,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Norfolk Naval Air Station.....    $12,270,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Norfolk Public Works Center...     $5,330,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Oceana Naval Air Station......     $7,100,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Portsmouth, Norfolk Naval                       ...............................
                                                                               Shipyard......................    $13,420,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Quantico, Combat Development                    ...............................
                                                                               Command.......................     $7,450,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Wallops Island, Naval Surface                   ...............................
                                                                               Weapons Center Detachment.....    $10,170,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Washington....................   Bangor Naval Submarine Base...     $3,100,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Everett Naval Station.........    $34,000,000  ...............................
<!!>                                                                           Keyport, Naval Undersea                         ...............................
                                                                               Warfare Center Division.......     $8,980,000                                 
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                          Various Locations.............   Wastewater Collection and                       ...............................
                                                                               Treatment Facilities..........     $3,260,000                                 
<!!>                                                                           Land Acquisition..............       $540,000  ...............................
                                                                                                                               <!!>                           
                                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                

  
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    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a)(2), the 
Secretary of the Navy may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations outside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

                                                       Navy: Outside the United States                                
                                                                                                                      
                                                       Country            Installation or location       Amount       
                                             Guam......................   Naval Hospital...........     $2,460,000   
<!!>                                                                      Anderson Air Force Base                     
                                                                          Naval Air Facility.......     $7,310,000   
<!!>                                                                      Naval Station............    $14,520,000   
<!!>                                                                      Fleet/Industrial Supply                     
                                                                          Center...................    $21,200,000   
<!!>                                                                      Public Works Center......     $7,230,000   
                                                                                                                      
<!!>                                         Italy.....................   Naples Naval Support         $11,740,000   
                                                                          Activity.                                   
<!!>                                                                      Sigonella Naval Air           $3,460,000   
                                                                          Station.                                    
                                                                                                                      
<!!>                                         Spain.....................   Rota Naval Station.......     $2,670,000   
                                                                                                                      
<!!>                                         Various Locations.........   Host Nation                                 
                                                                          Infrastructure Support...     $2,960,000   
<!!>                                                                      Land Acquisition.........       $800,000   
                                                                                                                     <
                                                                                                                     !
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------  

  
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SEC. 2202. FAMILY HOUSING.

    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 
2204(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Navy may construct or acquire family 
housing units (including land acquisition) at the installations, for the 
purposes, and in the amounts set forth in the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  

                                                                                 Navy: Family Housing                                                         
                                                                                                                                                              
                    <!!>                              State                 Installation               Purpose              Amount               <!!>         
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         California.............  San Diego Navy Public                               $36,571,000                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         District of Columbia...  Washington Navy Public                              $21,556,000                        
                                                                       Works Center..........  188 units..............                                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         Florida................  Pensacola Navy Public                                                                   
                                                                       Works Center..........  Housing Self Help/                                             
                                                                                                Warehouse.............       $300,000                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         Georgia................  Kings Bay Naval                                                                         
                                                                       Submarine Base........  Housing Office/Self                                            
                                                                                                Help/Warehouse........       $790,000                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         Maine..................  Brunswick Naval Air                                                                     
                                                                       Station...............  Mobile Home Spaces.....       $490,000                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         Virginia...............  Norfolk, Naval Public                               $50,674,000                        
                                                                       Works Center/Naval                                                                     
                                                                       Amphibious Base Little                                                                 
                                                                       Creek.................  392 units..............                                        
<!!>                                                                  Oceana Naval Air                                                                        
                                                                       Station...............  Community Center.......       $860,000                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         Washington.............  Bangor Naval Submarine                              $27,438,000                        
                                                                       Base..................  290 units..............                                        
<!!>                                                                  Whidbey Island, Naval                               $10,000,000                        
                                                                       Air Station...........  106 units..............                                        
                                                                                                                                                              
<!!>                                         United Kingdom.........  London Naval Activities                             $15,470,000                        
                                                                       Support...............  81 units...............                                        
                                                                                                                                  <!!>                        
                                            -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                       

  
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    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a)(5)(A), the Secretary 
of the Navy may carry out architectural and engineering services and 
construction design activities with respect to the construction or 
improvement of military family housing units in an amount not to exceed 
$22,924,000.

SEC. 2203. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.

    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
section 2204(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Navy may improve existing 
military family housing units in the amount of $183,135,000.

SEC. 2204. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, NAVY.

    (a) In General.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1993, for military 
construction, land acquisition, and military family housing functions of 
the Department of the Navy in the total amount of $1,858,505,000 as 
follows:
        (1) For military construction projects inside the United States 
    authorized by section 2201(a), $514,100,000.
        (2) For military construction projects outside the United States 
    authorized by section 2201(b), $74,350,000.
        (3) For unspecified minor construction projects authorized by 
    section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, $5,500,000.
        (4) For architectural and engineering services and construction 
    design under section 2807 of title 10, United States Code, 
    $64,373,000.
        (5) For military family housing functions:
            (A) For construction and acquisition of military family 
        housing and facilities, $370,208,000.
            (B) For support of military housing (including functions 
        described in section 2833 of title 10, United States Code), 
        $819,974,000, of which not more than $113,308,000 may be 
        obligated or expended for the leasing of military family housing 
        units worldwide.
        (6) For the construction of the large anachoic chamber facility 
    at the Patuxent River Naval Warfare Center, Aircraft Division, 
    Maryland, authorized by section 2201(a) of the Military Construction 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 
    Stat. 2590), $10,000,000.
    (b) Limitation of Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2201 of this 
Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
SEC. 2205. TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROJECTS.
    (a) Fiscal Year 1993 Construction and Family Housing Projects.--(1) 
The table in section 2201(a) of the Military Construction Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 
2589) is amended by striking out the items relating to the following 
installations:
        (A) Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California.
        (B) Miramar Naval Air Station, California.
        (C) Cecil Field, Naval Air Station, Florida.
        (D) Memphis, Naval Air Station, Tennessee.
    (2) Section 2204(a) of such Act (106 Stat. 2592) is amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$1,450,529,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$1,411,616,000'';
        (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$312,557,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$274,897,000''; and
        (C) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking out ``$661,246,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$659,993,000''.
    (b) Fiscal Year 1992 Construction Projects.--(1) Section 2201(a) of 
the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1992 
(division B of Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1514) is amended--
        (A) under the heading ``alaska'', by striking out the item 
    relating to Adak, Naval Security Group Activity;
        (B) under the heading ``california''--
            (i) by striking out the item relating to Concord, Naval 
        Weapons Station; and
            (ii) by striking out the item relating to Vallejo, Mare 
        Island Naval Shipyard;
        (C) under the heading ``district of columbia'', in the item 
    relating to Commandant Naval District Washington, by striking out 
    ``$5,570,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$3,520,000'';
        (D) under the heading ``florida''--
            (i) in the item relating to Orlando, Naval Training Center, 
        by striking out ``$21,430,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$13,450,000''; and
            (ii) by striking out the item relating to Pensacola, Naval 
        Supply Center;
        (E) under the heading ``georgia'', in the item relating to Kings 
    Bay, Naval Submarine Base, by striking out ``$9,780,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$580,000'';
        (F) under the heading ``maryland'', in the item relating to 
    Annapolis, Naval Radio Transmitting Facility, by striking out 
    ``$5,220,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$2,820,000'';
        (G) under the heading ``south carolina'', by striking out the 
    item relating to Charleston, Fleet and Mine Warfare Training Center;
        (H) under the heading ``virginia'', by striking out the item 
    relating to Norfolk, Naval Station; and
        (I) under the heading ``washington'', in the item relating to 
    Whidbey Island, Naval Air Station, by striking out ``$6,800,000'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``$3,451,000''.
    (2) Section 2205(a) of such Act (105 Stat. 1518) is amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$1,832,149,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$1,759,990,000''; and
        (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$739,859,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$667,700,000''.
    (c) Fiscal Year 1991 Construction and Family Housing Projects.--(1) 
Section 2201(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (division B of Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1763) is 
amended--
        (A) under the heading ``alaska'', in the item relating to 
    Amchitka, Fleet Surveillance Support Command, by striking out 
    ``$31,000,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$25,344,000'';
        (B) under the heading ``California'', by striking out the item 
    relating to Point Mugu, Pacific Missile Test Center;
        (C) under the heading ``Florida'', in the item relating to Key 
    West Naval Air Station, by striking out ``$7,030,000'' and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ``$4,020,000''; and
        (D) under the heading ``Virginia'', by striking out the item 
    relating to Oceana, Naval Air Station.
    (2) Section 2202(a) of such Act (104 Stat. 1767) is amended by 
striking out the item relating to Long Beach, Naval Station, California.
    (3) Section 2205(a) of such Act (104 Stat. 1767), as amended by 
section 2209(a)(2) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1992 (division B of Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1520), is 
amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$1,954,513,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$1,915,179,000'';
        (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$900,092,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$885,686,000''; and
        (C) in paragraph (7)(A), by striking out ``$174,827,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$149,899,000''.
    (d) Fiscal Year 1990 Construction and Family Housing Projects; 
Defense Access Roads.--(1) Section 2201(a) of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (division B of Public 
Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1621) is amended under the heading ``new york'', 
in the item relating to New York, Naval Station, by striking out 
``$25,640,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$20,978,000''.
    (2) Section 2202(a) of such Act (103 Stat. 1626) is amended by 
striking out the item relating to El Toro, Marine Corps Air Station, 
California.
    (3) Section 2204(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (103 Stat. 1627), as amended by section 
2209(b)(3) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1992 (division B of Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1521), is 
amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$1,939,375,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$1,917,613,000'';
        (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$892,561,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$883,237,000'';
        (C) in paragraph (5), by striking out ``$5,810,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$2,810,000''; and
        (D) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking out ``$191,290,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$177,190,000''.
    (e) Fiscal Year 1989 Project.--(1) Section 2202(a) of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-456; 
102 Stat. 2098), is amended in the item relating to Naval Station, Long 
Beach, California, by striking out ``$26,110,000'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``$17,038,000''.
    (2) Section 2205(a) of such Act (102 Stat. 2099), as amended by 
section 2206(b) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2593), is 
amended--
        (A) by striking out ``$2,361,555,000'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``$2,352,483,000'';
        (B) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking out ``$250,770,000'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``$241,698,000''.
                         TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE
SEC. 2301. AUTHORIZED AIR FORCE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION 
PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(1), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may acquire real property and carry out 
military construction projects for the installations and locations 
inside the United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following 
table:
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                                                      Air Force: Inside the United States                             
                                                                                                                      
                                                        State             Installation or location       Amount       
                                             Alabama...................  Gunter Air Force Base          $4,680,000   
                                                                          Annex.                                      
                                                                         Maxwell Air Force Base....    $16,170,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Alaska....................  Eielson Air Force Base....    $13,300,000   
                                                                         Elmendorf Air Force Base..    $33,305,000   
                                                                         Cape Roman Air Force           $3,350,000   
                                                                          Station.                                    
                                                                         Fort Richardson...........     $5,500,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Arizona...................  Davis Monthan Air Force        $6,150,000   
                                                                          Base.                                       
                                                                         Luke Air Force Base.......    $12,750,000   
                                                                         Navajo Army Depot.........     $7,250,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Arkansas..................  Little Rock Air Force Base     $4,500,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             California................  Beale Air Force Base......     $3,150,000   
                                                                         Edwards Air Force Base....    $11,300,000   
                                                                         McClellan Air Force Base..    $10,200,000   
                                                                         Travis Air Force Base.....    $19,140,000   
                                                                         Vandenberg Air Force Base.    $20,728,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Colorado..................  Buckley Air National Guard    $39,000,000   
                                                                          Base.                                       
<!!>                                                                     Cheyenne Mountain Air                        
                                                                          Force Base...............     $4,450,000   
<!!>                                                                     Peterson Air Force Base...    $21,030,000   
                                                                         United States Air Force       $11,680,000   
                                                                          Academy.                                    
                                                                                                                      
                                             Delaware..................  Dover Air Force Base......     $7,760,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             District of Columbia......  Bolling Air Force Base....     $2,000,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Florida...................  Cape Canaveral Air Force      $19,200,000   
                                                                          Station.                                    
                                                                         Eglin Air Force Base......    $12,050,000   
                                                                         Eglin Auxiliary Field No.      $7,829,000   
                                                                          9.                                          
<!!>                                                                     Patrick Air Force Base....     $3,850,000   
<!!>                                                                     Tyndall Air Force Base....     $2,600,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Georgia...................  Moody Air Force Base......    $13,700,000   
<!!>                                                                     Robins Air Force Base.....    $43,370,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Hawaii....................  Hickam Air Force Base.....    $13,800,000   
<!!>                                                                     Kaena Point...............     $7,350,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Illinois..................  Scott Air Force Base......     $7,450,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Kansas....................  McConnell Air Force Base..     $1,900,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Louisiana.................  Barksdale Air Force Base..    $13,860,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Maryland..................  Andrews Air Force Base....    $17,990,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Mississippi...............  Columbus Air Force Base...     $2,900,000   
<!!>                                                                     Keesler Air Force Base....     $8,710,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Missouri..................  Whiteman Air Force Base...    $36,388,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Montana...................  Malmstrom Air Force Base..     $7,700,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Nebraska..................  Offutt Air Force Base.....    $11,000,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Nevada....................  Nellis Air Force Base.....    $10,100,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             New Mexico................  Cannon Air Force Base.....    $11,915,000   
                                                                         Holloman Air Force Base...    $11,100,000   
<!!>                                                                     Kirtland Air Force Base...    $35,061,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             North Carolina............  Pope Air Force Base.......     $8,600,000   
                                                                         Seymour Johnson Air Force      $5,380,000   
                                                                          Base.                                       
                                                                                                                      
                                             North Dakota..............  Grand Forks Air Force Base    $16,050,000   
                                                                         Minot Air Force Base......    $10,500,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Ohio......................  Wright-Patterson Air Force    $44,680,000   
                                                                          Base.                                       
                                                                                                                      
                                             Oklahoma..................  Altus Air Force Base......     $7,710,000   
                                                                         Tinker Air Force Base.....    $20,749,000   
                                                                         Vance Air Force Base......    $11,000,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             South Carolina............  Charleston Air Force Base.     $1,100,000   
                                                                         Shaw Air Force Base.......     $5,870,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             South Dakota..............  Ellsworth Air Force Base..     $6,830,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Tennessee.................  Arnold Air Force Base.....     $1,500,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Texas.....................  Brooks Air Force Base.....     $8,400,000   
                                                                         Dyess Air Force Base......    $15,590,000   
                                                                         Goodfellow Air Force Base.     $3,700,000   
                                                                         Kelly Air Force Base......    $27,481,000   
                                                                         Lackland Air Force Base...    $30,093,000   
                                                                         Laughlin Air Force Base...     $8,650,000   
                                                                         Randolph Air Force Base...     $5,300,000   
                                                                         Reese Air Force Base......       $900,000   
                                                                         Sheppard Air Force Base...    $18,030,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Utah......................  Hill Air Force Base.......    $14,580,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Virginia..................  Langley Air Force Base....    $12,450,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Washington................  Fairchild Air Force Base..     $3,500,000   
                                                                         McChord Air Force Base....    $10,900,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Wyoming...................  F.E. Warren Air Force Base    $12,640,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Various Locations.........  Classified................     $8,140,000   
                                                                                                                     <
                                                                                                                     !
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    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(2), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may acquire real property and may carry out 
military construction projects for the installations and locations 
outside the United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the 
following table:
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                                                   Air Force: Outside the United States                               
                                                                                                                      
                                                       Country            Installation or location       Amount       
                                             Antigua Island............  Antigua Air Station.......     $1,000,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Ascension Island..........  Ascension Auxiliary Air        $3,400,000   
                                                                          Field.                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                             Germany...................  Ramstein Air Base.........     $3,100,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Greenland.................  Thule Air Base............     $5,492,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Indian Ocean..............  Diego Garcia Air Base.....     $2,260,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             Turkey....................  Incirlik Air Base.........     $2,400,000   
                                                                                                                      
                                             United Kingdom............  RAF Mildenhall............     $4,800,000   
                                                                                                                     <