[Congressional Bills 106th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H. Res. 406 Introduced in House (IH)]







106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
H. RES. 406

  Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that Pakistan 
         should be designated as a state sponsor of terrorism.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            January 27, 2000

  Mr. Pallone (for himself and Mr. McCollum) submitted the following 
   resolution; which was referred to the Committee on International 
                               Relations

_______________________________________________________________________

                               RESOLUTION


 
  Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that Pakistan 
         should be designated as a state sponsor of terrorism.

Whereas reliable reports from Western media sources have cited Pakistan as a 
        base and training ground for terrorist groups, and the Pakistani 
        Government's demonstrated reluctance to halt the use of its soil for 
        terrorist organizations;
Whereas media reports have implicated Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence 
        (ISI) directly in terrorist activities, as well as the international 
        drug trade;
Whereas a large number of terrorist organizations, such as the Harkat-ul-Ansar 
        (later re-named Harkat-ul-Mujahideen), Lashkar-e-Toiba, Hizbul 
        Mujahideen, Hizbe Wahdat, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, 
        Sipah-e-Mohammad Pakistan, and Al Badr are based and receive support 
        from Pakistan;
Whereas the Harkat-ul-Ansar, a terrorist organization based in Pakistan, was 
        declared a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S. Department of 
        State in 1997;
Whereas the hijackers of the Indian Airlines plane in December 1999 were 
        identified as being part of the Harakat-ul-Mujahideen, and among the 
        hijackers' demands were the release of the organization's former General 
        Secretary, Masood Azhar, who hails from Pakistan, and other jailed 
        Pakistani militants;
Whereas during the December 1999 hijacking incident, it was reported that Indian 
        intelligence intercepted satellite telephone conversations between 
        militant groups in Kashmir that confirmed Pakistan had links to the 
        hijackers;
Whereas it has been reported that, after the resolution of the crisis, the 
        hijackers left Afghanistan for Pakistan;
Whereas this organization is linked to the militant movement waging a campaign 
        of terror and violence against both military and civilian targets in an 
        effort to end Indian governance of Kashmir;
Whereas this organization has been reported to be behind the kidnapping of four 
        Western tourists in Kashmir, two of whom were murdered and two others, 
        including an American, still remain missing;
Whereas the Lasjkar-e-Toiba, a terrorist organization based in Pakistan, is 
        currently reviewed by the U.S. Department of State as a foreign 
        terrorist organization;
Whereas Pakistan is one of three countries to recognize the Taliban in 
        Afghanistan;
Whereas the Taliban, which has been declared a foreign terrorist organization by 
        the U.S. Department of State, has provided refuge and assistance to 
        Osama Bin Laden;
Whereas the U.S. Department of State has declared Osama Bin Laden and associates 
        as a foreign terrorist organization;
Whereas Pakistan has hindered U.S. and international efforts to apprehend Osama 
        Bin Laden;
Whereas Pakistan was placed on the U.S. Department of State's ``watch list'' of 
        suspected state sponsors of international terrorism in 1993;
Whereas in November 1979, according to the U.S. Department of State, the 
        Government of Pakistan allowed for the U.S. Embassy and the American 
        Cultural Center in Pakistan to be destroyed by fire, which led to the 
        death of two Americans;
Whereas the perpetrators of the terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center in 
        New York and at the Central Intelligence Agency headquarters in Langley, 
        Virginia, who were Pakistani nationals, were found in Pakistan;
Whereas three Pakistani nationals, who were closely linked to Osama Bin Laden, 
        were arrested in 1995 in Manila, Philippines, in connection with an 
        alleged plot to kill Pope Paul II;
Whereas Americans and other Westerners have been the victims of attacks in 
        Pakistan, including a November 12, 1999, rocket attack on the United 
        States Embassy in the Pakistani capital of Islamabad, and a March 8, 
        1995, attack in Karachi, Pakistan, in which two United States diplomats 
        were killed and a third wounded;
Whereas Pakistan has acknowledged its ``political and moral'' support of the 
        separatist movement in Kashmir;
Whereas, pursuant to the Export Administration Act of 1979, the Secretary of 
        State of the United States designates the governments of certain nations 
        as having repeatedly provided support for acts of international 
        terrorism; and
Whereas Members of Congress have called on the President and the Secretary of 
        State to place Pakistan on Watch List of nations which support 
        terrorism: Now, therefore, be it
    Resolved by the House of Representatives, That--
            (1) the Secretary of State, pursuant to the Export 
        Administration Act should designate the Islamic Republic of 
        Pakistan as a country, the government of which has repeatedly 
        provided support for international terrorism; and
            (2) in addition to terrorist organizations themselves, 
        those countries that harbor terrorist organizations or provide 
        them with technical, financial, political or other support 
        should also be held accountable; and
            (3) that, given the shared threat that the United States 
        and other countries face from international terrorist 
        organizations, the State Department is urged to explore ways to 
        keep up U.S. cooperation with those countries in the struggle 
        against terrorism.
                                 <all>