[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 1947 Introduced in House (IH)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1947

 To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2018, and 
                          for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              May 13, 2013

Mr. Lucas (for himself and Mr. Peterson) introduced the following bill; 
           which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2018, and 
                          for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Federal 
Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary of Agriculture.
                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                    Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

Sec. 1101. Repeal of direct payments.
Sec. 1102. Repeal of counter-cyclical payments.
Sec. 1103. Repeal of average crop revenue election program.
Sec. 1104. Definitions.
Sec. 1105. Base acres.
Sec. 1106. Payment yields.
Sec. 1107. Farm risk management election.
Sec. 1108. Producer agreements.
Sec. 1109. Period of effectiveness.
                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Availability of nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
                            loan commodities.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Term of loans.
Sec. 1204. Repayment of loans.
Sec. 1205. Loan deficiency payments.
Sec. 1206. Payments in lieu of loan deficiency payments for grazed 
                            acreage.
Sec. 1207. Special marketing loan provisions for upland cotton.
Sec. 1208. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1209. Availability of recourse loans for high moisture feed grains 
                            and seed cotton.
Sec. 1210. Adjustments of loans.
                           Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar program.
                           Subtitle D--Dairy

Part I--Dairy Producer Margin Protection and Dairy Market Stabilization 
                                Programs

Sec. 1401. Definitions.
Sec. 1402. Calculation of average feed cost and actual dairy producer 
                            margins.
          subpart a--dairy producer margin protection program

Sec. 1411. Establishment of dairy producer margin protection program.
Sec. 1412. Participation of dairy producers in margin protection 
                            program.
Sec. 1413. Production history of participating dairy producers.
Sec. 1414. Basic margin protection.
Sec. 1415. Supplemental margin protection.
Sec. 1416. Effect of failure to pay administrative fees or premiums.
             subpart b--dairy market stabilization program

Sec. 1431. Establishment of dairy market stabilization program.
Sec. 1432. Threshold for implementation and reduction in dairy producer 
                            payments.
Sec. 1433. Producer milk marketing information.
Sec. 1434. Calculation and collection of reduced dairy producer 
                            payments.
Sec. 1435. Remitting monies to the Secretary and use of monies.
Sec. 1436. Suspension of reduced payment requirement.
Sec. 1437. Enforcement.
Sec. 1438. Audit requirements.
                subpart c--commodity credit corporation

Sec. 1451. Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.
                   subpart d--initiation and duration

Sec. 1461. Rulemaking.
Sec. 1462. Duration.
  Part II--Repeal or Reauthorization of Other Dairy-related Provisions

Sec. 1481. Repeal of dairy product price support and milk income loss 
                            contract programs.
Sec. 1482. Repeal of dairy export incentive program.
Sec. 1483. Extension of dairy forward pricing program.
Sec. 1484. Extension of dairy indemnity program.
Sec. 1485. Extension of dairy promotion and research program.
Sec. 1486. Repeal of Federal Milk Marketing Order Review Commission.
                        Part III--Effective Date

Sec. 1491. Effective date.
   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.
                       Subtitle F--Administration

Sec. 1601. Administration generally.
Sec. 1602. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1603. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1604. Adjusted gross income limitation.
Sec. 1605. Geographically disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 1606. Personal liability of producers for deficiencies.
Sec. 1607. Prevention of deceased individuals receiving payments under 
                            farm commodity programs.
Sec. 1608. Technical corrections.
Sec. 1609. Assignment of payments.
Sec. 1610. Tracking of benefits.
Sec. 1611. Signature authority.
Sec. 1612. Implementation.
                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2001. Extension and enrollment requirements of conservation 
                            reserve program.
Sec. 2002. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2003. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2004. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2005. Payments.
Sec. 2006. Contract requirements.
Sec. 2007. Conversion of land subject to contract to other conserving 
                            uses.
Sec. 2008. Effective date.
              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

Sec. 2101. Conservation stewardship program.
          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Sec. 2201. Purposes.
Sec. 2202. Establishment and administration.
Sec. 2203. Evaluation of applications.
Sec. 2204. Duties of producers.
Sec. 2205. Limitation on payments.
Sec. 2206. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2207. Effective date.
         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2301. Agricultural conservation easement program.
         Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2401. Regional conservation partnership program.
                Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2501. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2502. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2503. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2504. Agriculture conservation experienced services program.
Sec. 2505. Small watershed rehabilitation program.
Sec. 2506. Agricultural management assistance program.
                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2601. Funding.
Sec. 2602. Technical assistance.
Sec. 2603. Reservation of funds to provide assistance to certain 
                            farmers or ranchers for conservation 
                            access.
Sec. 2604. Annual report on program enrollments and assistance.
Sec. 2605. Review of conservation practice standards.
Sec. 2606. Administrative requirements applicable to all conservation 
                            programs.
Sec. 2607. Standards for State technical committees.
Sec. 2608. Rulemaking authority.
 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

Sec. 2701. Comprehensive conservation enhancement program.
Sec. 2702. Emergency forestry conservation reserve program.
Sec. 2703. Wetlands reserve program.
Sec. 2704. Farmland protection program and farm viability program.
Sec. 2705. Grassland reserve program.
Sec. 2706. Agricultural water enhancement program.
Sec. 2707. Wildlife habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2708. Great Lakes basin program.
Sec. 2709. Chesapeake Bay watershed program.
Sec. 2710. Cooperative conservation partnership initiative.
Sec. 2711. Environmental easement program.
Sec. 2712. Technical amendments.
                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3001. General authority.
Sec. 3002. Support for organizations through which assistance is 
                            provided.
Sec. 3003. Food aid quality.
Sec. 3004. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3005. Food Aid Consultative Group.
Sec. 3006. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3007. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
                            delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable 
                            prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3008. General provisions.
Sec. 3009. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3010. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3011. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
                            assistance.
Sec. 3012. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3013. Micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3014. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program.
               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3101. Funding for export credit guarantee program.
Sec. 3102. Funding for market access program.
Sec. 3103. Foreign market development cooperator program.
               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3201. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3202. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust.
Sec. 3203. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3204. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
                            Nutrition Program.
Sec. 3205. Technical assistance for specialty crops.
Sec. 3206. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3207. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Foreign Agricultural 
                            Services.
                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Preventing payment of cash to recipients of supplemental 
                            nutrition assistance for the return of 
                            empty bottles and cans used to contain food 
                            purchased with benefits provided under the 
                            program.
Sec. 4002. Retailers.
Sec. 4003. Enhancing services to elderly and disabled supplemental 
                            nutrition assistance program recipients.
Sec. 4004. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4005. Updating program eligibility.
Sec. 4006. Exclusion of medical marijuana from excess medical expense 
                            deduction.
Sec. 4007. Standard utility allowances based on the receipt of energy 
                            assistance payments.
Sec. 4008. Eligibility disqualifications.
Sec. 4009. Ending supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits 
                            for lottery or gambling winners.
Sec. 4010. Improving security of food assistance.
Sec. 4011. Demonstration projects on acceptance of benefits of mobile 
                            transactions.
Sec. 4012. Use of benefits for purchase of community-supported 
                            agriculture share.
Sec. 4013. Restaurant meals program.
Sec. 4014. Mandating State immigration verification.
Sec. 4015. Data exchange standardization for improved interoperability.
Sec. 4016. Prohibiting government-sponsored recruitment activities.
Sec. 4017. Repeal of bonus program.
Sec. 4018. Funding of employment and training programs.
Sec. 4019. Monitoring employment and training program.
Sec. 4020. Cooperation with program research and evaluation.
Sec. 4021. Pilot projects to reduce dependency and increase work effort 
                            in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                            program.
Sec. 4022. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4023. Limitation on use of block grant to Puerto Rico.
Sec. 4024. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4025. Emergency food assistance.
Sec. 4026. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4027. Retailer trafficking.
Sec. 4028. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 4029. Tolerance level for excluding small errors.
Sec. 4030. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands pilot program.
Sec. 4031. Annual State report on verification of SNAP participation.
              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
                            projects.
Sec. 4104. Processing of commodities.
                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4202. Nutrition information and awareness pilot program.
Sec. 4203. Fresh fruit and vegetable program.
Sec. 4204. Additional authority for purchase of fresh fruits, 
                            vegetables, and other specialty food crops.
Sec. 4205. Encouraging locally and regionally grown and raised food.
                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5001. Eligibility for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5002. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5003. Down payment loan program.
Sec. 5004. Elimination of mineral rights appraisal requirement.
                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5101. Eligibility for farm operating loans.
Sec. 5102. Elimination of rural residency requirement for operating 
                            loans to youth.
Sec. 5103. Authority to waive personal liability for youth loans due to 
                            circumstances beyond borrower control.
Sec. 5104. Microloans.
                      Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

Sec. 5201. Eligibility for emergency loans.
                 Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
                            pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Eligible beginning farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 5303. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5304. Priority for participation loans.
Sec. 5305. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5306. Conforming amendment to borrower training provision, 
                            relating to eligibility changes.
           Subtitle E--State Agricultural Mediation Programs

Sec. 5401. State agricultural mediation programs.
      Subtitle F--Loans to Purchasers of Highly Fractionated Land

Sec. 5501. Loans to purchasers of highly fractionated land.
                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

        Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

Sec. 6001. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6002. Rural business opportunity grants.
Sec. 6003. Elimination of reservation of community facilities grant 
                            program funds.
Sec. 6004. Utilization of loan guarantees for community facilities.
Sec. 6005. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6006. Tribal college and university essential community 
                            facilities.
Sec. 6007. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
                            program.
Sec. 6008. Household water well systems.
Sec. 6009. Rural business and industry loan program.
Sec. 6010. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6011. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6012. Intermediary relending program.
Sec. 6013. Rural water and waste disposal infrastructure.
Sec. 6014. Simplified applications.
Sec. 6015. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6016. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6017. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6018. Northern Great Plains Regional Authority.
Sec. 6019. Rural business investment program.
             Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

Sec. 6101. Relending for certain purposes.
Sec. 6102. Fees for certain loan guarantees.
Sec. 6103. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
                            telephone purposes.
Sec. 6104. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6105. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
                            areas.
                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6201. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6202. Value-added agricultural market development program grants.
Sec. 6203. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 6204. Program metrics.
Sec. 6205. Study of rural transportation issues.
Sec. 6206. Certain Federal actions not to be considered major.
          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Option to be included as non-land-grant college of 
                            agriculture.
Sec. 7102. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
                            Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7103. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7104. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7105. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
                            education.
Sec. 7106. Policy research centers.
Sec. 7107. Repeal of human nutrition intervention and health promotion 
                            research program.
Sec. 7108. Repeal of pilot research program to combine medical and 
                            agricultural research.
Sec. 7109. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7110. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7111. Repeal of appropriations for research on national or 
                            regional problems.
Sec. 7112. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
                            at 1890 land-grant colleges, including 
                            Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7113. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food science facilities 
                            and equipment at insular area land-grant 
                            institutions.
Sec. 7114. Repeal of national research and training virtual centers.
Sec. 7115. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7116. Competitive Grants Program for Hispanic Agricultural Workers 
                            and Youth.
Sec. 7117. Competitive grants for international agricultural science 
                            and education programs.
Sec. 7118. Repeal of research equipment grants.
Sec. 7119. University research.
Sec. 7120. Extension service.
Sec. 7121. Auditing, reporting, bookkeeping, and administrative 
                            requirements.
Sec. 7122. Supplemental and alternative crops.
Sec. 7123. Capacity building grants for NLGCA institutions.
Sec. 7124. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7125. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7126. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7127. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
                            for insular area institutions of higher 
                            education.
Sec. 7128. Matching funds requirement.
   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
                            program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7206. Repeal of National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7207. Repeal of rural electronic commerce extension program.
Sec. 7208. Repeal of agricultural genome initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Repeal of nutrient management research and extension 
                            initiative.
Sec. 7211. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7212. Repeal of agricultural bioenergy feedstock and energy 
                            efficiency research and extension 
                            initiative.
Sec. 7213. Farm business management.
Sec. 7214. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 7215. Repeal of red meat safety research center.
Sec. 7216. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7217. National rural information center clearinghouse.
Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

Sec. 7301. Relevance and merit of agricultural research, extension, and 
                            education funded by the Department.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
                            grants program.
Sec. 7303. Repeal of coordinated program of research, extension, and 
                            education to improve viability of small and 
                            medium size dairy, livestock, and poultry 
                            operations.
Sec. 7304. Fusarium Graminearum grants.
Sec. 7305. Repeal of Bovine Johne's disease control program.
Sec. 7306. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7307. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7308. Food animal residue avoidance database program.
Sec. 7309. Repeal of national swine research center.
Sec. 7310. Office of pest management policy.
Sec. 7311. Repeal of studies of agricultural research, extension, and 
                            education.
                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

Sec. 7401. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7402. Equity in Educational Land-grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7403. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7404. Repeal of carbon cycle research.
Sec. 7405. Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act.
Sec. 7406. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7407. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7408. Repeal of use of remote sensing data.
Sec. 7409. Repeal of reports under Farm Security and Rural Investment 
                            Act of 2002.
Sec. 7410. Beginning farmer and rancher development program.
Sec. 7411. Inclusion of Northern Mariana Islands as a State under 
                            McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act.
         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     Part 1--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7501. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7502. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
                            biosecurity planning, preparation, and 
                            response.
Sec. 7503. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7504. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.
                         Part 2--Miscellaneous

Sec. 7511. Enhanced use lease authority pilot program.
Sec. 7512. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7513. Budget submission and funding.
Sec. 7514. Repeal of research and education grants for the study of 
                            antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Sec. 7515. Repeal of farm and ranch stress assistance network.
Sec. 7516. Repeal of seed distribution.
Sec. 7517. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7518. Sun grant program.
Sec. 7519. Repeal of study and report on food deserts.
Sec. 7520. Repeal of agricultural and rural transportation research and 
                            education.
                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7601. Agreements with nonprofit organizations for National 
                            Arboretum.
Sec. 7602. Cotton Disease Research Report.
Sec. 7603. Acceptance of facility for Agricultural Research Service.
Sec. 7604. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

            Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

Sec. 8001. Forest land enhancement program.
Sec. 8002. Watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8003. Expired cooperative national forest products marketing 
                            program.
Sec. 8004. Hispanic-serving institution agricultural land national 
                            resources leadership program.
Sec. 8005. Tribal watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8006. Separate Forest Service decisionmaking and appeals process.
 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                             1978 Programs

Sec. 8101. State-wide assessment and strategies for forest resources.
Sec. 8102. Forest Legacy Program.
Sec. 8103. Community forest and open space conservation program.
       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-Related Laws

Sec. 8201. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8202. Office of International Forestry.
Sec. 8203. Change in funding source for healthy forests reserve 
                            program.
Sec. 8204. Stewardship end result contracting project authority.
           Subtitle D--National Forest Critical Area Response

Sec. 8301. Definitions.
Sec. 8302. Designation of critical areas.
Sec. 8303. Application of expedited procedures and activities of the 
                            Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 to 
                            critical areas.
Sec. 8304. Good neighbor authority.
                  Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 8401. Revision of strategic plan for forest inventory and 
                            analysis.
Sec. 8402. Forest Service participation in ACES Program.
                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definition of renewable energy system.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery Assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel Fuel Education Program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Biomass Research and Development.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Community wood energy program.
Sec. 9012. Repeal of biofuels infrastructure study.
Sec. 9013. Repeal of renewable fertilizer study.
                         TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10001. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10002. Repeal of grant program to improve movement of specialty 
                            crops.
Sec. 10003. Farmers market and local food promotion program.
Sec. 10004. Organic agriculture.
Sec. 10005. Investigations and enforcement of the Organic Foods 
                            Production Act of 1990.
Sec. 10006. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10007. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10008. Report on honey.
Sec. 10009. Bulk shipments of apples to Canada.
Sec. 10010. Inclusion of olive oil in import controls under the 
                            Agricultural Adjustment Act.
Sec. 10011. Consolidation of plant pest and disease management and 
                            disaster prevention programs.
Sec. 10012. Modification, cancellation, or suspension on basis of a 
                            biological opinion.
Sec. 10013. Use and discharges of authorized pesticides.
                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11001. Information sharing.
Sec. 11002. Publication of information on violations of prohibition on 
                            premium adjustments.
Sec. 11003. Supplemental coverage option.
Sec. 11004. Premium amounts for catastrophic risk protection.
Sec. 11005. Repeal of performance-based discount.
Sec. 11006. Permanent enterprise unit subsidy.
Sec. 11007. Enterprise units for irrigated and nonirrigated crops.
Sec. 11008. Data collection.
Sec. 11009. Adjustment in actual production history to establish 
                            insurable yields.
Sec. 11010. Submission and review of policies.
Sec. 11011. Equitable relief for specialty crop policies.
Sec. 11012. Budget limitations on renegotiation of the standard 
                            reinsurance agreement.
Sec. 11013. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11014. Coverage levels by practice.
Sec. 11015. Beginning farmer and rancher provisions.
Sec. 11016. Stacked income protection plan for producers of upland 
                            cotton.
Sec. 11017. Peanut revenue crop insurance.
Sec. 11018. Authority to correct errors.
Sec. 11019. Implementation.
Sec. 11020. Research and development priorities.
Sec. 11021. Additional research and development contracting 
                            requirements.
Sec. 11022. Program compliance partnerships.
Sec. 11023. Pilot programs.
Sec. 11024. Technical amendments.
                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                         Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. National Sheep Industry Improvement Center.
Sec. 12102. Trichinae certification program.
Sec. 12103. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12104. Country of origin labeling.
Sec. 12105. National animal health laboratory network.
   Subtitle B--Socially Disadvantaged Producers and Limited Resource 
                               Producers

Sec. 12201. Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers 
                            and ranchers and veteran farmers and 
                            ranchers.
Sec. 12202. Office of Advocacy and Outreach.
               Subtitle C--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 12301. Grants to improve supply, stability, safety, and training 
                            of agricultural labor force.
Sec. 12302. Program benefit eligibility status for participants in high 
                            plains water study.
Sec. 12303. Office of Tribal Relations.
Sec. 12304. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12305. Prohibition on keeping GSA leased cars overnight.
Sec. 12306. Noninsured crop assistance program.
Sec. 12307. Ensuring high standards for agency use of scientific 
                            information.

SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                    Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

SEC. 1101. REPEAL OF DIRECT PAYMENTS.

    (a) Repeal.--Sections 1103 and 1303 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713, 8753) are repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Sections 1103 and 
1303 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713, 
8753), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this 
Act, shall continue to apply through the 2013 crop year with respect to 
all covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 
U.S.C. 8702)) and peanuts on a farm.
    (c) Continued Application for 2014 and 2015 Crop Years.--Subject to 
this subtitle, the amendments made by sections 1603 and 1604 of this 
Act, and sections 1607 and 1611 of this Act, section 1103 of the Food, 
Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713), as in effect on 
the day before the date of enactment of this Act, shall continue to 
apply through the 2014 and 2015 crop years with respect to upland 
cotton only (as defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 8702)), 
except that, in applying such section 1103, the term ``payment acres'' 
means the following:
            (1) For crop year 2014, 70 percent of the base acres of 
        upland cotton on a farm on which direct payments are made.
            (2) For crop year 2015, 60 percent of the base acres of 
        upland cotton on a farm on which direct payments are made.

SEC. 1102. REPEAL OF COUNTER-CYCLICAL PAYMENTS.

    (a) Repeal.--Sections 1104 and 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754) are repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Sections 1104 and 
1304 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 
8754), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this 
Act, shall continue to apply through the 2013 crop year with respect to 
all covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 
U.S.C. 8702)) and peanuts on a farm.

SEC. 1103. REPEAL OF AVERAGE CROP REVENUE ELECTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1105 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8715) is repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Section 1105 of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8715), as in 
effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act, shall 
continue to apply through the 2013 crop year with respect to all 
covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
8702)) and peanuts on a farm for which the irrevocable election under 
section 1105 of that Act was made before the date of enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 1104. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle and subtitle B:
            (1) Actual county revenue.--The term ``actual county 
        revenue'', with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, 
        means the amount determined by the Secretary under section 
        1107(c)(4) to determine whether revenue loss coverage payments 
        are required to be provided for that crop year.
            (2) Base acres.--The term ``base acres'', with respect to a 
        covered commodity and cotton on a farm, means the number of 
        acres established under section 1101 and 1302 of the Farm 
        Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 7911, 7952) 
        or section 1101 and 1302 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
        Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8711, 8752), as in effect on September 
        30, 2013, subject to any adjustment under section 1105 of this 
        Act. For purposes of making payments under subsections (b) and 
        (c) of section 1107, base acres are reduced by the payment 
        acres calculated in 1101(c).
            (3) County revenue loss coverage trigger.--The term 
        ``county revenue loss coverage trigger'', with respect to a 
        covered commodity for a crop year, means the amount determined 
        by the Secretary under section 1107(c)(5) to determine whether 
        revenue loss coverage payments are required to be provided for 
        that crop year.
            (4) Covered commodity.--The term ``covered commodity'' 
        means wheat, oats, and barley (including wheat, oats, and 
        barley used for haying and grazing), corn, grain sorghum, long 
        grain rice, medium grain rice, pulse crops, soybeans, other 
        oilseeds, and peanuts.
            (5) Effective price.--The term ``effective price'', with 
        respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price 
        calculated by the Secretary under section 1107(b)(2) to 
        determine whether price loss coverage payments are required to 
        be provided for that crop year.
            (6) Extra long staple cotton.--The term ``extra long staple 
        cotton'' means cotton that--
                    (A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the 
                Barbadense species or any hybrid of the species, or 
                other similar types of extra long staple cotton, 
                designated by the Secretary, having characteristics 
                needed for various end uses for which United States 
                upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated 
                cotton-growing regions of the United States designated 
                by the Secretary or other areas designated by the 
                Secretary as suitable for the production of the 
                varieties or types; and
                    (B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if 
                authorized by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin 
                for experimental purposes.
            (7) Farm base acres.--The term ``farm base acres'' means 
        the sum of the base acreage for all covered commodities and 
        cotton on a farm in effect as of September 30, 2013, and 
        subject to any adjustment under section 1105.
            (8) Medium grain rice.--The term ``medium grain rice'' 
        includes short grain rice.
            (9) Midseason price.--The term ``midseason price'' means 
        the applicable national average market price received by 
        producers for the first 5 months of the applicable marketing 
        year, as determined by the Secretary.
            (10) Other oilseed.--The term ``other oilseed'' means a 
        crop of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, 
        mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or any oilseed designated by 
        the Secretary.
            (11) Payment acres.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) through (D), the term ``payment 
                acres'', with respect to the provision of price loss 
                coverage payments and revenue loss coverage payments, 
                means--
                            (i) 85 percent of total acres planted for 
                        the year to each covered commodity on a farm; 
                        and
                            (ii) 30 percent of total acres approved as 
                        prevented from being planted for the year to 
                        each covered commodity on a farm.
                    (B) Maximum.--The total quantity of payment acres 
                determined under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed the 
                farm base acres.
                    (C) Reduction.--If the sum of all payment acres for 
                a farm exceeds the limits established under 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall reduce the 
                payment acres applicable to each crop proportionately.
                    (D) Exclusion.--The term ``payment acres'' does not 
                include any crop subsequently planted during the same 
                crop year on the same land for which the first crop is 
                eligible for payments under this subtitle, unless the 
                crop was approved for double cropping in the county, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
            (12) Payment yield.--The term ``payment yield'' means the 
        yield established for counter-cyclical payments under section 
        1102 or 1302 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
        2002 (7 U.S.C. 7912, 7952), section 1102 of the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8712), as in 
        effect on September 30, 2013, or under section 1106 of this 
        Act, for a farm for a covered commodity.
            (13) Price loss coverage.--The term ``price loss coverage'' 
        means coverage provided under section 1107(b).
            (14) Producer.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``producer'' means an 
                owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that 
                shares in the risk of producing a crop and is entitled 
                to share in the crop available for marketing from the 
                farm, or would have shared had the crop been produced.
                    (B) Hybrid seed.--In determining whether a grower 
                of hybrid seed is a producer, the Secretary shall--
                            (i) not take into consideration the 
                        existence of a hybrid seed contract; and
                            (ii) ensure that program requirements do 
                        not adversely affect the ability of the grower 
                        to receive a payment under this title.
            (15) Pulse crop.--The term ``pulse crop'' means dry peas, 
        lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
            (16) Reference price.--The term ``reference price'', with 
        respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
        following:
                    (A) Wheat, $5.50 per bushel.
                    (B) Corn, $3.70 per bushel.
                    (C) Grain sorghum, $3.95 per bushel.
                    (D) Barley, $4.95 per bushel.
                    (E) Oats, $2.40 per bushel.
                    (F) Long grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
                    (G) Medium grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
                    (H) Soybeans, $8.40 per bushel.
                    (I) Other oilseeds, $20.15 per hundredweight.
                    (J) Peanuts $535.00 per ton.
                    (K) Dry peas, $11.00 per hundredweight.
                    (L) Lentils, $19.97 per hundredweight.
                    (M) Small chickpeas, $19.04 per hundredweight.
                    (N) Large chickpeas, $21.54 per hundredweight.
            (17) Revenue loss coverage.--The term ``revenue loss 
        coverage'' means coverage provided under section 1107(c).
            (18) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.
            (19) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                    (A) a State;
                    (B) the District of Columbia;
                    (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
                    (D) any other territory or possession of the United 
                States.
            (20) Temperate japonica rice.--The term ``temperate 
        japonica rice'' means rice that is grown in high altitudes or 
        temperate regions of high latitudes with cooler climate 
        conditions, in the Western United States, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (21) Transitional yield.--The term ``transitional yield'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 502(b) of the Federal 
        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(b)).
            (22) United states.--The term ``United States'', when used 
        in a geographical sense, means all of the States.
            (23) United states premium factor.--The term ``United 
        States Premium Factor'' means the percentage by which the 
        difference in the United States loan schedule premiums for 
        Strict Middling (SM) 1\1/8\-inch upland cotton and for Middling 
        (M) 1\3/32\-inch upland cotton exceeds the difference in the 
        applicable premiums for comparable international qualities.

SEC. 1105. BASE ACRES.

    (a) Adjustment of Base Acres.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
        adjustment, as appropriate, in the base acres for covered 
        commodities and cotton for a farm whenever any of the following 
        circumstances occurs:
                    (A) A conservation reserve contract entered into 
                under section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                U.S.C. 3831) with respect to the farm expires or is 
                voluntarily terminated.
                    (B) Cropland is released from coverage under a 
                conservation reserve contract by the Secretary.
                    (C) The producer has eligible oilseed acreage as 
                the result of the Secretary designating additional 
                oilseeds, which shall be determined in the same manner 
                as eligible oilseed acreage under section 1101(a)(1)(D) 
                of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 8711(a)(1)(D)).
            (2) Special conservation reserve acreage payment rules.--
        For the crop year in which a base acres adjustment under 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) is first made, the 
        owner of the farm shall elect to receive price loss coverage or 
        revenue loss coverage with respect to the acreage added to the 
        farm under this subsection or a prorated payment under the 
        conservation reserve contract, but not both.
    (b) Prevention of Excess Base Acres.--
            (1) Required reduction.--If the sum of the base acres for a 
        farm, together with the acreage described in paragraph (2) 
        exceeds the actual cropland acreage of the farm, the Secretary 
        shall reduce the base acres for 1 or more covered commodities 
        or cotton for the farm so that the sum of the base acres and 
        acreage described in paragraph (2) does not exceed the actual 
        cropland acreage of the farm.
            (2) Other acreage.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall include the following:
                    (A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in the 
                conservation reserve program or wetlands reserve 
                program (or successor programs) under chapter 1 of 
                subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
                1985 (16 U.S.C. 3830 et seq.).
                    (B) Any other acreage on the farm enrolled in a 
                Federal conservation program for which payments are 
                made in exchange for not producing an agricultural 
                commodity on the acreage.
                    (C) If the Secretary designates additional 
                oilseeds, any eligible oilseed acreage, which shall be 
                determined in the same manner as eligible oilseed 
                acreage under subsection (a)(1)(C).
            (3) Selection of acres.--The Secretary shall give the owner 
        of the farm the opportunity to select the base acres for a 
        covered commodity or cotton for the farm against which the 
        reduction required by paragraph (1) will be made.
            (4) Exception for double-cropped acreage.--In applying 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make an exception in the 
        case of double cropping, as determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Reduction in Base Acres.--
            (1) Reduction at option of owner.--
                    (A) In general.--The owner of a farm may reduce, at 
                any time, the base acres for any covered commodity or 
                cotton for the farm.
                    (B) Effect of reduction.--A reduction under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be permanent and made in a 
                manner prescribed by the Secretary.
            (2) Required action by secretary.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                proportionately reduce base acres on a farm for covered 
                commodities and cotton for land that has been 
                subdivided and developed for multiple residential units 
                or other nonfarming uses if the size of the tracts and 
                the density of the subdivision is such that the land is 
                unlikely to return to the previous agricultural use, 
                unless the producers on the farm demonstrate that the 
                land--
                            (i) remains devoted to commercial 
                        agricultural production; or
                            (ii) is likely to be returned to the 
                        previous agricultural use.
                    (B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall establish 
                procedures to identify land described in subparagraph 
                (A).

SEC. 1106. PAYMENT YIELDS.

    (a) Establishment and Purpose.--For the purpose of making payments 
under this subtitle, the Secretary shall provide for the establishment 
of a yield for each farm for any designated oilseed for which a payment 
yield was not established under section 1102 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8712) in accordance with this section.
    (b) Payment Yields for Designated Oilseeds.--
            (1) Determination of average yield.--In the case of 
        designated oilseeds, the Secretary shall determine the average 
        yield per planted acre for the designated oilseed on a farm for 
        the 1998 through 2001 crop years, excluding any crop year in 
        which the acreage planted to the designated oilseed was zero.
            (2) Adjustment for payment yield.--
                    (A) In general.--The payment yield for a farm for a 
                designated oilseed shall be equal to the product of the 
                following:
                            (i) The average yield for the designated 
                        oilseed determined under paragraph (1).
                            (ii) The ratio resulting from dividing the 
                        national average yield for the designated 
                        oilseed for the 1981 through 1985 crops by the 
                        national average yield for the designated 
                        oilseed for the 1998 through 2001 crops.
                    (B) No national average yield information 
                available.--To the extent that national average yield 
                information for a designated oilseed is not available, 
                the Secretary shall use such information as the 
                Secretary determines to be fair and equitable to 
                establish a national average yield under this section.
            (3) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per planted 
        acre for a crop of a designated oilseed for a farm for any of 
        the 1998 through 2001 crop years was less than 75 percent of 
        the county yield for that designated oilseed, the Secretary 
        shall assign a yield for that crop year equal to 75 percent of 
        the county yield for the purpose of determining the average 
        under paragraph (1).
            (4) No historic yield data available.--In the case of 
        establishing yields for designated oilseeds, if historic yield 
        data is not available, the Secretary shall use the ratio for 
        dry peas calculated under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) in determining 
        the yields for designated oilseeds, as determined to be fair 
        and equitable by the Secretary.
    (c) Effect of Lack of Payment Yield.--
            (1) Establishment by secretary.--If no payment yield is 
        otherwise established for a farm for which a covered commodity 
        is planted and eligible to receive price loss coverage 
        payments, the Secretary shall establish an appropriate payment 
        yield for the covered commodity on the farm under paragraph 
        (2).
            (2) Use of similarly situated farms.--To establish an 
        appropriate payment yield for a covered commodity on a farm as 
        required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into 
        consideration the farm program payment yields applicable to 
        that covered commodity for similarly situated farms. The use of 
        such data in an appeal, by the Secretary or by the producer, 
        shall not be subject to any other provision of law.
    (d) Single Opportunity to Update Yields Used to Determine Price 
Loss Coverage Payments.--
            (1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion of the 
        owner of a farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 1-time 
        opportunity to update the payment yields on a covered 
        commodity-by-covered commodity basis that would otherwise be 
        used in calculating any price loss coverage payment for covered 
        commodities on the farm.
            (2) Time for election.--The election under paragraph (1) 
        shall be made at a time and manner to be in effect for the 2014 
        crop year as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Method of updating yields.--If the owner of a farm 
        elects to update yields under this subsection, the payment 
        yield for a covered commodity on the farm, for the purpose of 
        calculating price loss coverage payments only, shall be equal 
        to 90 percent of the average of the yield per planted acre for 
        the crop of the covered commodity on the farm for the 2008 
        through 2012 crop years, as determined by the Secretary, 
        excluding any crop year in which the acreage planted to the 
        crop of the covered commodity was zero.
            (4) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per planted 
        acre for a crop of the covered commodity for a farm for any of 
        the 2008 through 2012 crop years was less than 75 percent of 
        the average of the 2008 through 2012 county yield for that 
        commodity, the Secretary shall assign a yield for that crop 
        year equal to 75 percent of the average of the 2008 through 
        2012 county yield for the purposes of determining the average 
        yield under paragraph (3).
            (5) Effect of lack of payment yield.--
                    (A) Establishment by secretary.--For purposes of 
                this subsection, if no payment yield is otherwise 
                established for a covered commodity on a farm, the 
                Secretary shall establish an appropriate updated 
                payment yield for the covered commodity on the farm 
                under subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Use of similarly situated farms.--To establish 
                an appropriate payment yield for a covered commodity on 
                a farm as required by subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall take into consideration the farm program payment 
                yields applicable to that covered commodity for 
                similarly situated farms. The use of such data in an 
                appeal, by the Secretary or by the producer, shall not 
                be subject to any other provision of law.

SEC. 1107. FARM RISK MANAGEMENT ELECTION.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Payments required.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), if the Secretary determines that payments are required 
        under subsection (b)(1) or (c)(2) for a covered commodity, the 
        Secretary shall make payments for that covered commodity 
        available under such subsection to producers on a farm pursuant 
        to the terms and conditions of this section.
            (2) Prohibition on payments; exceptions.--Notwithstanding 
        any other provision of this title, a producer on a farm may not 
        receive price loss coverage payments or revenue loss coverage 
        payments if the sum of the planted acres of covered commodities 
        on the farm is 10 acres or less, as determined by the 
        Secretary, unless the producer is--
                    (A) a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as 
                defined in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and 
                Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e))); or
                    (B) a limited resource farmer or rancher, as 
                defined by the Secretary.
    (b) Price Loss Coverage.--
            (1) Payments.--For each of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
        years, the Secretary shall make price loss coverage payments to 
        producers on a farm for a covered commodity if the Secretary 
        determines that--
                    (A) the effective price for the covered commodity 
                for the crop year; is less than
                    (B) the reference price for the covered commodity 
                for the crop year.
            (2) Effective price.--The effective price for a covered 
        commodity for a crop year shall be the higher of--
                    (A) the midseason price; or
                    (B) the national average loan rate for a marketing 
                assistance loan for the covered commodity in effect for 
                crop years 2014 through 2018 under subtitle B.
            (3) Payment rate.--The payment rate shall be equal to the 
        difference between--
                    (A) the reference price for the covered commodity; 
                and
                    (B) the effective price determined under paragraph 
                (2) for the covered commodity.
            (4) Payment amount.--If price loss coverage payments are 
        required to be provided under this subsection for any of the 
        2014 through 2018 crop years for a covered commodity, the 
        amount of the price loss coverage payment to be paid to the 
        producers on a farm for the crop year shall be equal to the 
        product obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) the payment rate for the covered commodity 
                under paragraph (3);
                    (B) the payment yield for the covered commodity; 
                and
                    (C) the payment acres for the covered commodity.
            (5) Time for payments.--If the Secretary determines under 
        this subsection that price loss coverage payments are required 
        to be provided for the covered commodity, the payments shall be 
        made beginning October 1, or as soon as practicable thereafter, 
        after the end of the applicable marketing year for the covered 
        commodity.
            (6) Special rule for barley.--In determining the effective 
        price for barley in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall use the 
        all-barley price.
            (7) Special rule for temperate japonica rice.--The 
        Secretary shall provide a reference price with respect to 
        temperate japonica rice in an amount equal to 115 percent of 
        the amount established in subparagraphs (F) and (G) of section 
        1104(16) in order to reflect price premiums.
    (c) Revenue Loss Coverage.--
            (1) Available as an alternative.--As an alternative to 
        receiving price loss coverage payments under subsection (b) for 
        a covered commodity, all of the owners of the farm may make a 
        one-time, irrevocable election on a covered commodity-by-
        covered commodity basis to receive revenue loss coverage 
        payments for each covered commodity in accordance with this 
        subsection. If any of the owners of the farm make different 
        elections on the same covered commodity on the farm, all of the 
        owners of the farm shall be deemed to have not made the 
        election available under this paragraph.
            (2) Payments.--In the case of owners of a farm that make 
        the election described in paragraph (1) for a covered 
        commodity, the Secretary shall make revenue loss coverage 
        payments available under this subsection for each of the 2014 
        through 2018 crop years if the Secretary determines that--
                    (A) the actual county revenue for the crop year for 
                the covered commodity; is less than
                    (B) the county revenue loss coverage trigger for 
                the crop year for the covered commodity.
            (3) Time for payments.--If the Secretary determines under 
        this subsection that revenue loss coverage payments are 
        required to be provided for the covered commodity, payments 
        shall be made beginning October 1, or as soon as practicable 
        thereafter, after the end of the applicable marketing year for 
        the covered commodity.
            (4) Actual county revenue.--The amount of the actual county 
        revenue for a crop year of a covered commodity shall be equal 
        to the product obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) the actual county yield, as determined by the 
                Secretary, for each planted acre for the crop year for 
                the covered commodity; and
                    (B) the higher of--
                            (i) the midseason price; or
                            (ii) the national average loan rate for a 
                        marketing assistance loan for the covered 
                        commodity in effect for crop years 2014 through 
                        2018 under subtitle B.
            (5) County revenue loss coverage trigger.--
                    (A) In general.--The county revenue loss coverage 
                trigger for a crop year for a covered commodity on a 
                farm shall equal 85 percent of the benchmark county 
                revenue.
                    (B) Benchmark county revenue.--
                            (i) In general.--The benchmark county 
                        revenue shall be the product obtained by 
                        multiplying--
                                    (I) subject to clause (ii), the 
                                average historical county yield as 
                                determined by the Secretary for the 
                                most recent 5 crop years, excluding 
                                each of the crop years with the highest 
                                and lowest yields; and
                                    (II) subject to clause (iii), the 
                                average national marketing year average 
                                price for the most recent 5 crop years, 
                                excluding each of the crop years with 
                                the highest and lowest prices.
                            (ii) Yield conditions.--If the historical 
                        county yield in clause (i)(I) for any of the 5 
                        most recent crop years, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, is less than 70 percent of the 
                        transitional yield, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, the amounts used for any of those 
                        years in clause (i)(I) shall be 70 percent of 
                        the transitional yield.
                            (iii) Reference price.--If the national 
                        marketing year average price in clause (i)(II) 
                        for any of the 5 most recent crop years is 
                        lower than the reference price for the covered 
                        commodity, the Secretary shall use the 
                        reference price for any of those years for the 
                        amounts in clause (i)(II).
            (6) Payment rate.--The payment rate shall be equal to the 
        lesser of--
                    (A) the difference between--
                            (i) the county revenue loss coverage 
                        trigger for the covered commodity; and
                            (ii) the actual county revenue for the crop 
                        year for the covered commodity; or
                    (B) 10 percent of the benchmark county revenue for 
                the crop year for the covered commodity.
            (7) Payment amount.--If revenue loss coverage payments 
        under this subsection are required to be provided for any of 
        the 2014 through 2018 crop years of a covered commodity, the 
        amount of the revenue loss coverage payment to be provided to 
        the producers on a farm for the crop year shall be equal to the 
        product obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) the payment rate under paragraph (6); and
                    (B) the payment acres of the covered commodity on 
                the farm.
            (8) Duties of the secretary.--In providing revenue loss 
        coverage payments under this subsection, the Secretary--
                    (A) shall ensure that producers on a farm do not 
                reconstitute the farm of the producers to void or 
                change the election made under paragraph (1);
                    (B) to the maximum extent practicable, shall use 
                all available information and analysis, including data 
                mining, to check for anomalies in the provision of 
                revenue loss coverage payments;
                    (C) to the maximum extent practicable, shall 
                calculate a separate county revenue loss coverage 
                trigger for irrigated and nonirrigated covered 
                commodities and a separate actual county revenue for 
                irrigated and nonirrigated covered commodities;
                    (D) shall assign a benchmark county yield for each 
                planted acre for the crop year for the covered 
                commodity on the basis of the yield history of 
                representative farms in the State, region, or crop 
                reporting district, as determined by the Secretary, 
                if--
                            (i) the Secretary cannot establish the 
                        benchmark county yield for each planted acre 
                        for a crop year for a covered commodity in the 
                        county in accordance with paragraph (5); or
                            (ii) the yield determined under paragraph 
                        (5) is an unrepresentative average yield for 
                        the county (as determined by the Secretary); 
                        and
                    (E) to the maximum extent practicable, shall ensure 
                that in order to be eligible for a payment under this 
                subsection, the producers on the farm suffered an 
                actual loss on the covered commodity for the crop year 
                for which payment is sought.

SEC. 1108. PRODUCER AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--
            (1) Requirements.--Before the producers on a farm may 
        receive payments under this subtitle with respect to the farm, 
        the producers shall agree, during the crop year for which the 
        payments are made and in exchange for the payments--
                    (A) to comply with applicable conservation 
                requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.);
                    (B) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
                requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act 
                (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.); and
                    (C) to effectively control noxious weeds and 
                otherwise maintain the land in accordance with sound 
                agricultural practices, as determined by the Secretary.
            (2) Compliance.--The Secretary may issue such rules as the 
        Secretary considers necessary to ensure producer compliance 
        with the requirements of paragraph (1).
            (3) Modification.--At the request of the transferee or 
        owner, the Secretary may modify the requirements of this 
        subsection if the modifications are consistent with the 
        objectives of this subsection, as determined by the Secretary.
    (b) Transfer or Change of Interest in Farm.--
            (1) Termination.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
                (2), a transfer of (or change in) the interest of the 
                producers on a farm for which payments under this 
                subtitle are provided shall result in the termination 
                of the payments, unless the transferee or owner of the 
                acreage agrees to assume all obligations under 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) Effective date.--The termination shall take 
                effect on the date determined by the Secretary.
            (2) Exception.--If a producer entitled to a payment under 
        this subtitle dies, becomes incompetent, or is otherwise unable 
        to receive the payment, the Secretary shall make the payment in 
        accordance with rules issued by the Secretary.
    (c) Acreage Reports.--As a condition on the receipt of any benefits 
under this subtitle or subtitle B, the Secretary shall require 
producers on a farm to submit to the Secretary annual acreage reports 
with respect to all cropland on the farm.
    (d) Tenants and Sharecroppers.--In carrying out this subtitle, the 
Secretary shall provide adequate safeguards to protect the interests of 
tenants and sharecroppers.
    (e) Sharing of Payments.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
sharing of payments made under this subtitle among the producers on a 
farm on a fair and equitable basis.

SEC. 1109. PERIOD OF EFFECTIVENESS.

    This subtitle shall be effective beginning with the 2014 crop year 
of each covered commodity through the 2018 crop year.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. AVAILABILITY OF NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS FOR 
              LOAN COMMODITIES.

    (a) Definition of Loan Commodity.--In this subtitle, the term 
``loan commodity'' means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, 
upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, long grain rice, medium grain 
rice, peanuts, soybeans, other oilseeds, graded wool, nongraded wool, 
mohair, honey, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
    (b) Nonrecourse Loans Available.--
            (1) In general.--For each of the 2014 through 2018 crops of 
        each loan commodity, the Secretary shall make available to 
        producers on a farm nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
        loan commodities produced on the farm.
            (2) Terms and conditions.--The marketing assistance loans 
        shall be made under terms and conditions that are prescribed by 
        the Secretary and at the loan rate established under section 
        1202 for the loan commodity.
    (c) Eligible Production.--The producers on a farm shall be eligible 
for a marketing assistance loan under subsection (b) for any quantity 
of a loan commodity produced on the farm.
    (d) Compliance With Conservation and Wetlands Requirements.--As a 
condition of the receipt of a marketing assistance loan under 
subsection (b), the producer shall comply with applicable conservation 
requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and applicable wetland protection 
requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 
et seq.) during the term of the loan.
    (e) Special Rules for Peanuts.--
            (1) In general.--This subsection shall apply only to 
        producers of peanuts.
            (2) Options for obtaining loan.--A marketing assistance 
        loan under this section, and loan deficiency payments under 
        section 1205, may be obtained at the option of the producers on 
        a farm through--
                    (A) a designated marketing association or marketing 
                cooperative of producers that is approved by the 
                Secretary; or
                    (B) the Farm Service Agency.
            (3) Storage of loan peanuts.--As a condition on the 
        approval by the Secretary of an individual or entity to provide 
        storage for peanuts for which a marketing assistance loan is 
        made under this section, the individual or entity shall agree--
                    (A) to provide the storage on a nondiscriminatory 
                basis; and
                    (B) to comply with such additional requirements as 
                the Secretary considers appropriate to accomplish the 
                purposes of this section and promote fairness in the 
                administration of the benefits of this section.
            (4) Storage, handling, and associated costs.--
                    (A) In general.--To ensure proper storage of 
                peanuts for which a loan is made under this section, 
                the Secretary shall pay handling and other associated 
                costs (other than storage costs) incurred at the time 
                at which the peanuts are placed under loan, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    (B) Redemption and forfeiture.--The Secretary 
                shall--
                            (i) require the repayment of handling and 
                        other associated costs paid under subparagraph 
                        (A) for all peanuts pledged as collateral for a 
                        loan that is redeemed under this section; and
                            (ii) pay storage, handling, and other 
                        associated costs for all peanuts pledged as 
                        collateral that are forfeited under this 
                        section.
            (5) Marketing.--A marketing association or cooperative may 
        market peanuts for which a loan is made under this section in 
        any manner that conforms to consumer needs, including the 
        separation of peanuts by type and quality.
            (6) Reimbursable agreements and payment of administrative 
        expenses.--The Secretary may implement any reimbursable 
        agreements or provide for the payment of administrative 
        expenses under this subsection only in a manner that is 
        consistent with those activities in regard to other loan 
        commodities.

SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of each of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years, the loan rate for a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 
for a loan commodity shall be equal to the following:
            (1) In the case of wheat, $2.94 per bushel.
            (2) In the case of corn, $1.95 per bushel.
            (3) In the case of grain sorghum, $1.95 per bushel.
            (4) In the case of barley, $1.95 per bushel.
            (5) In the case of oats, $1.39 per bushel.
            (6) In the case of base quality of upland cotton, for the 
        2014 and each subsequent crop year, the simple average of the 
        adjusted prevailing world price for the 2 immediately preceding 
        marketing years, as determined by the Secretary and announced 
        October 1 preceding the next domestic plantings, but in no case 
        less than $0.47 per pound or more than $0.52 per pound.
            (7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, $0.7977 per 
        pound.
            (8) In the case of long grain rice, $6.50 per 
        hundredweight.
            (9) In the case of medium grain rice, $6.50 per 
        hundredweight.
            (10) In the case of soybeans, $5.00 per bushel.
            (11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per 
        hundredweight for each of the following kinds of oilseeds:
                    (A) Sunflower seed.
                    (B) Rapeseed.
                    (C) Canola.
                    (D) Safflower.
                    (E) Flaxseed.
                    (F) Mustard seed.
                    (G) Crambe.
                    (H) Sesame seed.
                    (I) Other oilseeds designated by the Secretary.
            (12) In the case of dry peas, $5.40 per hundredweight.
            (13) In the case of lentils, $11.28 per hundredweight.
            (14) In the case of small chickpeas, $7.43 per 
        hundredweight.
            (15) In the case of large chickpeas, $11.28 per 
        hundredweight.
            (16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
            (17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per pound.
            (18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
            (19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
            (20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.
    (b) Single County Loan Rate for Other Oilseeds.--The Secretary 
shall establish a single loan rate in each county for each kind of 
other oilseeds described in subsection (a)(11).

SEC. 1203. TERM OF LOANS.

    (a) Term of Loan.--In the case of each loan commodity, a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 shall have a term of 9 months 
beginning on the first day of the first month after the month in which 
the loan is made.
    (b) Extensions Prohibited.--The Secretary may not extend the term 
of a marketing assistance loan for any loan commodity.

SEC. 1204. REPAYMENT OF LOANS.

    (a) General Rule.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a 
farm to repay a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for a loan 
commodity (other than upland cotton, long grain rice, medium grain 
rice, extra long staple cotton, peanuts and confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed)) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under 
        section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283));
            (2) a rate (as determined by the Secretary) that--
                    (A) is calculated based on average market prices 
                for the loan commodity during the preceding 30-day 
                period; and
                    (B) will minimize discrepancies in marketing loan 
                benefits across State boundaries and across county 
                boundaries; or
            (3) a rate that the Secretary may develop using alternative 
        methods for calculating a repayment rate for a loan commodity 
        that the Secretary determines will--
                    (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                    (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of the 
                commodity by the Federal Government;
                    (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal 
                Government in storing the commodity;
                    (D) allow the commodity produced in the United 
                States to be marketed freely and competitively, both 
                domestically and internationally; and
                    (E) minimize discrepancies in marketing loan 
                benefits across State boundaries and across county 
                boundaries.
    (b) Repayment Rates for Upland Cotton, Long Grain Rice, and Medium 
Grain Rice.--The Secretary shall permit producers to repay a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 for upland cotton, long grain rice, 
and medium grain rice at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under 
        section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) the prevailing world market price for the commodity, as 
        determined and adjusted by the Secretary in accordance with 
        this section.
    (c) Repayment Rates for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--Repayment of a 
marketing assistance loan for extra long staple cotton shall be at the 
loan rate established for the commodity under section 1202, plus 
interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)).
    (d) Prevailing World Market Price.--For purposes of this section 
and section 1207, the Secretary shall prescribe by regulation--
            (1) a formula to determine the prevailing world market 
        price for each of upland cotton, long grain rice, and medium 
        grain rice; and
            (2) a mechanism by which the Secretary shall announce 
        periodically those prevailing world market prices.
    (e) Adjustment of Prevailing World Market Price for Upland Cotton, 
Long Grain Rice, and Medium Grain Rice.--
            (1) Rice.--The prevailing world market price for long grain 
        rice and medium grain rice determined under subsection (d) 
        shall be adjusted to United States quality and location.
            (2) Cotton.--The prevailing world market price for upland 
        cotton determined under subsection (d)--
                    (A) shall be adjusted to United States quality and 
                location, with the adjustment to include--
                            (i) a reduction equal to any United States 
                        Premium Factor for upland cotton of a quality 
                        higher than Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch; and
                            (ii) the average costs to market the 
                        commodity, including average transportation 
                        costs, as determined by the Secretary; and
                    (B) may be further adjusted, during the period 
                beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and 
                ending on July 31, 2019, if the Secretary determines 
                the adjustment is necessary--
                            (i) to minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                            (ii) to minimize the accumulation of stocks 
                        of upland cotton by the Federal Government;
                            (iii) to ensure that upland cotton produced 
                        in the United States can be marketed freely and 
                        competitively, both domestically and 
                        internationally; and
                            (iv) to ensure an appropriate transition 
                        between current-crop and forward-crop price 
                        quotations, except that the Secretary may use 
                        forward-crop price quotations prior to July 31 
                        of a marketing year only if--
                                    (I) there are insufficient current-
                                crop price quotations; and
                                    (II) the forward-crop price 
                                quotation is the lowest such quotation 
                                available.
            (3) Guidelines for additional adjustments.--In making 
        adjustments under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        establish a mechanism for determining and announcing the 
        adjustments in order to avoid undue disruption in the United 
        States market.
    (f) Repayment Rates for Confectionery and Other Kinds of Sunflower 
Seeds.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a farm to repay a 
marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under 
        section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) the repayment rate established for oil sunflower seed.
    (g) Payment of Cotton Storage Costs.--Effective for each of the 
2014 through 2018 crop years, the Secretary shall make cotton storage 
payments available in the same manner, and at the same rates as the 
Secretary provided storage payments for the 2006 crop of cotton, except 
that the rates shall be reduced by 10 percent.
    (h) Repayment Rate for Peanuts.--The Secretary shall permit 
producers on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan for peanuts 
under section 1201 at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for peanuts under section 
        1202(a)(20), plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) a rate that the Secretary determines will--
                    (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                    (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of peanuts 
                by the Federal Government;
                    (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal 
                Government in storing peanuts; and
                    (D) allow peanuts produced in the United States to 
                be marketed freely and competitively, both domestically 
                and internationally.
    (i) Authority to Temporarily Adjust Repayment Rates.--
            (1) Adjustment authority.--In the event of a severe 
        disruption to marketing, transportation, or related 
        infrastructure, the Secretary may modify the repayment rate 
        otherwise applicable under this section for marketing 
        assistance loans under section 1201 for a loan commodity.
            (2) Duration.--Any adjustment made under paragraph (1) in 
        the repayment rate for marketing assistance loans for a loan 
        commodity shall be in effect on a short-term and temporary 
        basis, as determined by the Secretary.

SEC. 1205. LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS.

    (a) Availability of Loan Deficiency Payments.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the 
        Secretary may make loan deficiency payments available to 
        producers on a farm that, although eligible to obtain a 
        marketing assistance loan under section 1201 with respect to a 
        loan commodity, agree to forgo obtaining the loan for the 
        commodity in return for loan deficiency payments under this 
        section.
            (2) Unshorn pelts, hay, and silage.--
                    (A) Marketing assistance loans.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (B), nongraded wool in the form of unshorn 
                pelts and hay and silage derived from a loan commodity 
                are not eligible for a marketing assistance loan under 
                section 1201.
                    (B) Loan deficiency payment.--Effective for the 
                2014 through 2018 crop years, the Secretary may make 
                loan deficiency payments available under this section 
                to producers on a farm that produce unshorn pelts or 
                hay and silage derived from a loan commodity.
    (b) Computation.--A loan deficiency payment for a loan commodity or 
commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the 
product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate determined under subsection (c) for 
        the commodity; by
            (2) the quantity of the commodity produced by the eligible 
        producers, excluding any quantity for which the producers 
        obtain a marketing assistance loan under section 1201.
    (c) Payment Rate.--
            (1) In general.--In the case of a loan commodity, the 
        payment rate shall be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 
                for the loan commodity; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan 
                for the loan commodity may be repaid under section 
                1204.
            (2) Unshorn pelts.--In the case of unshorn pelts, the 
        payment rate shall be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 
                for ungraded wool; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan 
                for ungraded wool may be repaid under section 1204.
            (3) Hay and silage.--In the case of hay or silage derived 
        from a loan commodity, the payment rate shall be the amount by 
        which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 
                for the loan commodity from which the hay or silage is 
                derived; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan 
                for the loan commodity may be repaid under section 
                1204.
    (d) Exception for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--This section shall not 
apply with respect to extra long staple cotton.
    (e) Effective Date for Payment Rate Determination.--The Secretary 
shall determine the amount of the loan deficiency payment to be made 
under this section to the producers on a farm with respect to a 
quantity of a loan commodity or commodity referred to in subsection 
(a)(2) using the payment rate in effect under subsection (c) as of the 
date the producers request the payment.

SEC. 1206. PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS FOR GRAZED 
              ACREAGE.

    (a) Eligible Producers.--
            (1) In general.--Effective for the 2014 through 2018 crop 
        years, in the case of a producer that would be eligible for a 
        loan deficiency payment under section 1205 for wheat, barley, 
        or oats, but that elects to use acreage planted to the wheat, 
        barley, or oats for the grazing of livestock, the Secretary 
        shall make a payment to the producer under this section if the 
        producer enters into an agreement with the Secretary to forgo 
        any other harvesting of the wheat, barley, or oats on that 
        acreage.
            (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--Effective for the 2014 
        through 2018 crop years, with respect to a producer on a farm 
        that uses acreage planted to triticale for the grazing of 
        livestock, the Secretary shall make a payment to the producer 
        under this section if the producer enters into an agreement 
        with the Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of triticale 
        on that acreage.
    (b) Payment Amount.--
            (1) In general.--The amount of a payment made under this 
        section to a producer on a farm described in subsection (a)(1) 
        shall be equal to the amount determined by multiplying--
                    (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined 
                under section 1205(c) in effect, as of the date of the 
                agreement, for the county in which the farm is located; 
                by
                    (B) the payment quantity determined by 
                multiplying--
                            (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on 
                        the farm with respect to which the producer 
                        elects to forgo harvesting of wheat, barley, or 
                        oats; and
                            (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the 
                        calculation of price loss coverage under 
                        subtitle A with respect to that loan commodity 
                        on the farm; or
                            (II) in the case of a farm without a 
                        payment yield for that loan commodity, an 
                        appropriate yield established by the Secretary 
                        in a manner consistent with section 1106(c) of 
                        this Act.
            (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--The amount of a payment 
        made under this section to a producer on a farm described in 
        subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the amount determined by 
        multiplying--
                    (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined 
                under section 1205(c) in effect for wheat, as of the 
                date of the agreement, for the county in which the farm 
                is located; by
                    (B) the payment quantity determined by 
                multiplying--
                            (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on 
                        the farm with respect to which the producer 
                        elects to forgo harvesting of triticale; and
                            (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the 
                        calculation of price loss coverage under 
                        subtitle A with respect to wheat on the farm; 
                        or
                            (II) in the case of a farm without a 
                        payment yield for wheat, an appropriate yield 
                        established by the Secretary in a manner 
                        consistent with section 1106(c) of this Act.
    (c) Time, Manner, and Availability of Payment.--
            (1) Time and manner.--A payment under this section shall be 
        made at the same time and in the same manner as loan deficiency 
        payments are made under section 1205.
            (2) Availability.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                availability period for the payments authorized by this 
                section.
                    (B) Certain commodities.--In the case of wheat, 
                barley, and oats, the availability period shall be 
                consistent with the availability period for the 
                commodity established by the Secretary for marketing 
                assistance loans authorized by this subtitle.
    (d) Prohibition on Crop Insurance Indemnity or Noninsured Crop 
Assistance.--A 2014 through 2018 crop of wheat, barley, oats, or 
triticale planted on acreage that a producer elects, in the agreement 
required by subsection (a), to use for the grazing of livestock in lieu 
of any other harvesting of the crop shall not be eligible for an 
indemnity under a policy or plan of insurance authorized under the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) or noninsured crop 
assistance under section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).

SEC. 1207. SPECIAL MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS FOR UPLAND COTTON.

    (a) Special Import Quota.--
            (1) Definition of special import quota.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``special import quota'' means a quantity 
        of imports that is not subject to the over-quota tariff rate of 
        a tariff-rate quota.
            (2) Establishment.--
                    (A) In general.--The President shall carry out an 
                import quota program during the period beginning on 
                August 1, 2014, and ending on July 31, 2019, as 
                provided in this subsection.
                    (B) Program requirements.--Whenever the Secretary 
                determines and announces that for any consecutive 4-
                week period, the Friday through Thursday average price 
                quotation for the lowest-priced United States growth, 
                as quoted for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch cotton, 
                delivered to a definable and significant international 
                market, as determined by the Secretary, exceeds the 
                prevailing world market price, there shall immediately 
                be in effect a special import quota.
            (3) Quantity.--The quota shall be equal to the consumption 
        during a 1-week period of cotton by domestic mills at the 
        seasonally adjusted average rate of the most recent 3 months 
        for which official data of the Department of Agriculture are 
        available or, in the absence of sufficient data, as estimated 
        by the Secretary.
            (4) Application.--The quota shall apply to upland cotton 
        purchased not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        Secretary's announcement under paragraph (2) and entered into 
        the United States not later than 180 days after that date.
            (5) Overlap.--A special quota period may be established 
        that overlaps any existing quota period if required by 
        paragraph (2), except that a special quota period may not be 
        established under this subsection if a quota period has been 
        established under subsection (b).
            (6) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity under a 
        special import quota shall be considered to be an in-quota 
        quantity for purposes of--
                    (A) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin Economic 
                Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                    (B) section 204 of the Andean Trade Preference Act 
                (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                    (C) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
                U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                    (D) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized Tariff 
                Schedule.
            (7) Limitation.--The quantity of cotton entered into the 
        United States during any marketing year under the special 
        import quota established under this subsection may not exceed 
        the equivalent of 10 week's consumption of upland cotton by 
        domestic mills at the seasonally adjusted average rate of the 3 
        months immediately preceding the first special import quota 
        established in any marketing year.
    (b) Limited Global Import Quota for Upland Cotton.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Demand.--The term ``demand'' means--
                            (i) the average seasonally adjusted annual 
                        rate of domestic mill consumption of cotton 
                        during the most recent 3 months for which 
                        official data of the Department of Agriculture 
                        are available or, in the absence of sufficient 
                        data, as estimated by the Secretary; and
                            (ii) the larger of--
                                    (I) average exports of upland 
                                cotton during the preceding 6 marketing 
                                years; or
                                    (II) cumulative exports of upland 
                                cotton plus outstanding export sales 
                                for the marketing year in which the 
                                quota is established.
                    (B) Limited global import quota.--The term 
                ``limited global import quota'' means a quantity of 
                imports that is not subject to the over-quota tariff 
                rate of a tariff-rate quota.
                    (C) Supply.--The term ``supply'' means, using the 
                latest official data of the Department of Agriculture--
                            (i) the carry-over of upland cotton at the 
                        beginning of the marketing year (adjusted to 
                        480-pound bales) in which the quota is 
                        established;
                            (ii) production of the current crop; and
                            (iii) imports to the latest date available 
                        during the marketing year.
            (2) Program.--The President shall carry out an import quota 
        program that provides that whenever the Secretary determines 
        and announces that the average price of the base quality of 
        upland cotton, as determined by the Secretary, in the 
        designated spot markets for a month exceeded 130 percent of the 
        average price of the quality of cotton in the markets for the 
        preceding 36 months, notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, there shall immediately be in effect a limited global 
        import quota subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) Quantity.--The quantity of the quota shall be 
                equal to 21 days of domestic mill consumption of upland 
                cotton at the seasonally adjusted average rate of the 
                most recent 3 months for which official data of the 
                Department of Agriculture are available or, in the 
                absence of sufficient data, as estimated by the 
                Secretary.
                    (B) Quantity if prior quota.--If a quota has been 
                established under this subsection during the preceding 
                12 months, the quantity of the quota next established 
                under this subsection shall be the smaller of 21 days 
                of domestic mill consumption calculated under 
                subparagraph (A) or the quantity required to increase 
                the supply to 130 percent of the demand.
                    (C) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity 
                under a limited global import quota shall be considered 
                to be an in-quota quantity for purposes of--
                            (i) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin 
                        Economic Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                            (ii) section 204 of the Andean Trade 
                        Preference Act (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                            (iii) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 
                        1974 (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                            (iv) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the 
                        Harmonized Tariff Schedule.
                    (D) Quota entry period.--When a quota is 
                established under this subsection, cotton may be 
                entered under the quota during the 90-day period 
                beginning on the date the quota is established by the 
                Secretary.
            (3) No overlap.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), a quota 
        period may not be established that overlaps an existing quota 
        period or a special quota period established under subsection 
        (a).
    (c) Economic Adjustment Assistance to Users of Upland Cotton.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall, on a monthly basis, make economic adjustment assistance 
        available to domestic users of upland cotton in the form of 
        payments for all documented use of that upland cotton during 
        the previous monthly period regardless of the origin of the 
        upland cotton.
            (2) Value of assistance.--Effective beginning on August 1, 
        2013, the value of the assistance provided under paragraph (1) 
        shall be 3 cents per pound.
            (3) Allowable purposes.--Economic adjustment assistance 
        under this subsection shall be made available only to domestic 
        users of upland cotton that certify that the assistance shall 
        be used only to acquire, construct, install, modernize, 
        develop, convert, or expand land, plant, buildings, equipment, 
        facilities, or machinery.
            (4) Review or audit.--The Secretary may conduct such review 
        or audit of the records of a domestic user under this 
        subsection as the Secretary determines necessary to carry out 
        this subsection.
            (5) Improper use of assistance.--If the Secretary 
        determines, after a review or audit of the records of the 
        domestic user, that economic adjustment assistance under this 
        subsection was not used for the purposes specified in paragraph 
        (3), the domestic user shall be--
                    (A) liable for the repayment of the assistance to 
                the Secretary, plus interest, as determined by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (B) ineligible to receive assistance under this 
                subsection for a period of 1 year following the 
                determination of the Secretary.

SEC. 1208. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.

    (a) Competitiveness Program.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this 
Act through July 31, 2019, the Secretary shall carry out a program--
            (1) to maintain and expand the domestic use of extra long 
        staple cotton produced in the United States;
            (2) to increase exports of extra long staple cotton 
        produced in the United States; and
            (3) to ensure that extra long staple cotton produced in the 
        United States remains competitive in world markets.
    (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Under the program, the 
Secretary shall make payments available under this section whenever--
            (1) for a consecutive 4-week period, the world market price 
        for the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
        other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
        determined by the Secretary, is below the prevailing United 
        States price for a competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton; and
            (2) the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
        other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
        determined by the Secretary, is less than 134 percent of the 
        loan rate for extra long staple cotton.
    (c) Eligible Recipients.--The Secretary shall make payments 
available under this section to domestic users of extra long staple 
cotton produced in the United States and exporters of extra long staple 
cotton produced in the United States that enter into an agreement with 
the Commodity Credit Corporation to participate in the program under 
this section.
    (d) Payment Amount.--Payments under this section shall be based on 
the amount of the difference in the prices referred to in subsection 
(b)(1) during the fourth week of the consecutive 4-week period 
multiplied by the amount of documented purchases by domestic users and 
sales for export by exporters made in the week following such a 
consecutive 4-week period.

SEC. 1209. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS FOR HIGH MOISTURE FEED GRAINS 
              AND SEED COTTON.

    (a) High Moisture Feed Grains.--
            (1) Definition of high moisture state.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``high moisture state'' means corn or grain sorghum 
        having a moisture content in excess of Commodity Credit 
        Corporation standards for marketing assistance loans made by 
        the Secretary under section 1201.
            (2) Recourse loans available.--For each of the 2014 through 
        2018 crops of corn and grain sorghum, the Secretary shall make 
        available recourse loans, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        producers on a farm that--
                    (A) normally harvest all or a portion of their crop 
                of corn or grain sorghum in a high moisture state;
                    (B) present--
                            (i) certified scale tickets from an 
                        inspected, certified commercial scale, 
                        including a licensed warehouse, feedlot, feed 
                        mill, distillery, or other similar entity 
                        approved by the Secretary, pursuant to 
                        regulations issued by the Secretary; or
                            (ii) field or other physical measurements 
                        of the standing or stored crop in regions of 
                        the United States, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, that do not have certified 
                        commercial scales from which certified scale 
                        tickets may be obtained within reasonable 
                        proximity of harvest operation;
                    (C) certify that the producers on the farm were the 
                owners of the feed grain at the time of delivery to, 
                and that the quantity to be placed under loan under 
                this subsection was in fact harvested on the farm and 
                delivered to, a feedlot, feed mill, or commercial or 
                on-farm high-moisture storage facility, or to a 
                facility maintained by the users of corn and grain 
                sorghum in a high moisture state; and
                    (D) comply with deadlines established by the 
                Secretary for harvesting the corn or grain sorghum and 
                submit applications for loans under this subsection 
                within deadlines established by the Secretary.
            (3) Eligibility of acquired feed grains.--A loan under this 
        subsection shall be made on a quantity of corn or grain sorghum 
        of the same crop acquired by the producer equivalent to a 
        quantity determined by multiplying--
                    (A) the acreage of the corn or grain sorghum in a 
                high moisture state harvested on the farm of the 
                producer; by
                    (B) the lower of the farm program payment yield 
                used to make payments under subtitle A or the actual 
                yield on a field, as determined by the Secretary, that 
                is similar to the field from which the corn or grain 
                sorghum was obtained.
    (b) Recourse Loans Available for Seed Cotton.--For each of the 2014 
through 2018 crops of upland cotton and extra long staple cotton, the 
Secretary shall make available recourse seed cotton loans, as 
determined by the Secretary, on any production.
    (c) Repayment Rates.--Repayment of a recourse loan made under this 
section shall be at the loan rate established for the commodity by the 
Secretary, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7283)).

SEC. 1210. ADJUSTMENTS OF LOANS.

    (a) Adjustment Authority.--Subject to subsection (e), the Secretary 
may make appropriate adjustments in the loan rates for any loan 
commodity (other than cotton) for differences in grade, type, quality, 
location, and other factors.
    (b) Manner of Adjustment.--The adjustments under subsection (a) 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be made in such a manner that 
the average loan level for the commodity will, on the basis of the 
anticipated incidence of the factors, be equal to the level of support 
determined in accordance with this subtitle and subtitle C.
    (c) Adjustment on County Basis.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish loan rates for 
        a crop for producers in individual counties in a manner that 
        results in the lowest loan rate being 95 percent of the 
        national average loan rate, if those loan rates do not result 
        in an increase in outlays.
            (2) Prohibition.--Adjustments under this subsection shall 
        not result in an increase in the national average loan rate for 
        any year.
    (d) Adjustment in Loan Rate for Cotton.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may make appropriate 
        adjustments in the loan rate for cotton for differences in 
        quality factors.
            (2) Types of adjustments.--Loan rate adjustments under 
        paragraph (1) may include--
                    (A) the use of non-spot market price data, in 
                addition to spot market price data, that would enhance 
                the accuracy of the price information used in 
                determining quality adjustments under this subsection;
                    (B) adjustments in the premiums or discounts 
                associated with upland cotton with a staple length of 
                33 or above due to micronaire with the goal of 
                eliminating any unnecessary artificial splits in the 
                calculations of the premiums or discounts; and
                    (C) such other adjustments as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate, after consultations conducted 
                in accordance with paragraph (3).
            (3) Consultation with private sector.--
                    (A) Prior to revision.--In making adjustments to 
                the loan rate for cotton (including any review of the 
                adjustments) as provided in this subsection, the 
                Secretary shall consult with representatives of the 
                United States cotton industry.
                    (B) Inapplicability of federal advisory committee 
                act.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
                App.) shall not apply to consultations under this 
                subsection.
            (4) Review of adjustments.--The Secretary may review the 
        operation of the upland cotton quality adjustments implemented 
        pursuant to this subsection and may make further adjustments to 
        the administration of the loan program for upland cotton, by 
        revoking or revising any adjustment taken under paragraph (2).
    (e) Rice.--The Secretary shall not make adjustments in the loan 
rates for long grain rice and medium grain rice, except for differences 
in grade and quality (including milling yields).

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR PROGRAM.

    (a) Continuation of Current Program and Loan Rates.--
            (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a)(5) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(a)(5)) is amended by striking ``the 2012 crop year'' and 
        inserting ``each of the 2012 through 2018 crop years''.
            (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
            (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(i)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
    (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
            (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the 
        Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) is 
        amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
            (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

                           Subtitle D--Dairy

PART I--DAIRY PRODUCER MARGIN PROTECTION AND DAIRY MARKET STABILIZATION 
                                PROGRAMS

SEC. 1401. DEFINITIONS.

    In this part:
            (1) Actual dairy producer margin.--The term ``actual dairy 
        producer margin'' means the difference between the all-milk 
        price and the average feed cost, as calculated under section 
        1402.
            (2) All-milk price.--The term ``all-milk price'' means the 
        average price received, per hundredweight of milk, by dairy 
        producers for all milk sold to plants and dealers in the United 
        States, as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Annual production history.--The term ``annual 
        production history'' means the production history determined 
        for a participating dairy producer under section 1413(b) 
        whenever the dairy producer purchases supplemental margin 
        protection.
            (4) Average feed cost.--The term ``average feed cost'' 
        means the average cost of feed used by a dairy operation to 
        produce a hundredweight of milk, determined under section 1402 
        using the sum of the following:
                    (A) The product determined by multiplying 1.0728 by 
                the price of corn per bushel.
                    (B) The product determined by multiplying 0.00735 
                by the price of soybean meal per ton.
                    (C) The product determined by multiplying 0.0137 by 
                the price of alfalfa hay per ton.
            (5) Basic production history.--The term ``basic production 
        history'' means the production history determined for a 
        participating dairy producer under section 1413(a) for 
        provision of basic margin protection.
            (6) Consecutive two-month period.--The term ``consecutive 
        two-month period'' refers to the two-month period consisting of 
        the months of January and February, March and April, May and 
        June, July and August, September and October, or November and 
        December, respectively.
            (7) Dairy producer.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                term ``dairy producer'' means an individual or entity 
                that directly or indirectly (as determined by the 
                Secretary)--
                            (i) shares in the risk of producing milk; 
                        and
                            (ii) makes contributions (including land, 
                        labor, management, equipment, or capital) to 
                        the dairy operation of the individual or entity 
                        that are at least commensurate with the share 
                        of the individual or entity of the proceeds of 
                        the operation.
                    (B) Additional ownership structures.--The Secretary 
                shall determine additional ownership structures to be 
                covered by the definition of dairy producer.
            (8) Handler.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``handler'' means the 
                initial individual or entity making payment to a dairy 
                producer for milk produced in the United States and 
                marketed for commercial use.
                    (B) Producer-handler.--The term includes a 
                ``producer-handler'' when the producer satisfies the 
                definition in subparagraph (A).
            (9) Margin protection program.--The term ``margin 
        protection program'' means the dairy producer margin protection 
        program required by subpart A.
            (10) Participating dairy producer.--The term 
        ``participating dairy producer'' means a dairy producer that--
                    (A) signs up under section 1412 to participate in 
                the margin protection program under subpart A; and
                    (B) as a result, also participates in the 
                stabilization program under subpart B.
            (11) Stabilization program.--The term ``stabilization 
        program'' means the dairy market stabilization program required 
        by subpart B for all participating dairy producers.
            (12) Stabilization program base.--The term ``stabilization 
        program base'', with respect to a participating dairy producer, 
        means the stabilization program base calculated for the 
        producer under section 1431(b).
            (13) United states.--The term ``United States'', in a 
        geographical sense, means the 50 States, the District of 
        Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
        Virgin Islands of the United States, and any other territory or 
        possession of the United States.

SEC. 1402. CALCULATION OF AVERAGE FEED COST AND ACTUAL DAIRY PRODUCER 
              MARGINS.

    (a) Calculation of Average Feed Cost.--The Secretary shall 
calculate the national average feed cost for each month using the 
following data:
            (1) The price of corn for a month shall be the price 
        received during that month by farmers in the United States for 
        corn, as reported in the monthly Agricultural Prices report by 
        the Secretary.
            (2) The price of soybean meal for a month shall be the 
        central Illinois price for soybean meal, as reported in the 
        Market News-Monthly Soybean Meal Price Report by the Secretary.
            (3) The price of alfalfa hay for a month shall be the price 
        received during that month by farmers in the United States for 
        alfalfa hay, as reported in the monthly Agricultural Prices 
        report by the Secretary.
    (b) Calculation of Actual Dairy Producer Margins.--
            (1) Margin protection program.--For use in the margin 
        protection program under subpart A, the Secretary shall 
        calculate the actual dairy producer margin for each consecutive 
        two-month period by subtracting--
                    (A) the average feed cost for that consecutive two-
                month period, determined in accordance with subsection 
                (a); from
                    (B) the all-milk price for that consecutive two-
                month period.
            (2) Stabilization program.--For use in the stabilization 
        program under subpart B, the Secretary shall calculate each 
        month the actual dairy producer margin for the preceding month 
        by subtracting--
                    (A) the average feed cost for that preceding month, 
                determined in accordance with subsection (a); from
                    (B) the all-milk price for that preceding month.
            (3) Time for calculations.--The calculations required by 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be made as soon as practicable 
        each month using the full month price of the applicable 
        reference month, but in no case shall the calculation be made 
        later than the last business day of the month.

          Subpart A--Dairy Producer Margin Protection Program

SEC. 1411. ESTABLISHMENT OF DAIRY PRODUCER MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    The Secretary shall establish and administer a dairy producer 
margin protection program for the purpose of protecting dairy producer 
income by paying participating dairy producers--
            (1) basic margin protection payments when actual dairy 
        producer margins are less than the threshold levels for such 
        payments; and
            (2) supplemental margin protection payments if purchased by 
        a participating dairy producer.

SEC. 1412. PARTICIPATION OF DAIRY PRODUCERS IN MARGIN PROTECTION 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility.--All dairy producers in the United States are 
eligible to participate in the margin protection program, except that a 
dairy producer must sign up with the Secretary before the producer may 
receive--
            (1) basic margin protection payments under section 1414; 
        and
            (2) if the dairy producer purchases supplemental margin 
        protection under section 1415, supplemental margin protection 
        payments under such section.
    (b) Sign-up Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall allow all interested 
        dairy producers to sign up to participate in the margin 
        protection program. The Secretary shall specify the manner and 
        form by which a dairy producer must sign up to participate in 
        the margin protection program.
            (2) Treatment of multi-producer operations.--If a dairy 
        operation consists of more than one dairy producer, all of the 
        dairy producers of the operation shall be treated as a single 
        dairy producer for purposes of--
                    (A) registration to receive basic margin protection 
                and purchase supplemental margin protection;
                    (B) payment of the administrative fee under 
                subsection (e) and producer premiums under section 
                1415; and
                    (C) participation in the stabilization program 
                under subpart B.
            (3) Treatment of producers with multiple dairy 
        operations.--If a dairy producer operates two or more dairy 
        operations, each dairy operation of the producer shall require 
        a separate registration to receive basic margin protection and 
        purchase supplemental margin protection. Only those dairy 
        operations so registered shall be subject to the stabilization 
        program.
    (c) Time for Sign up.--
            (1) Existing dairy producers.--During the one-year period 
        beginning on the date of the initiation of the sign-up period 
        for the margin protection program, a dairy producer that is 
        actively engaged in a dairy operation as of such date may sign 
        up with the Secretary--
                    (A) to receive basic margin protection; and
                    (B) if the producer elects, to purchase 
                supplemental margin protection.
            (2) New entrants.--A dairy producer that has no existing 
        interest in a dairy operation as of the date of the initiation 
        of the sign-up period for the margin protection program, but 
        that, after such date, establishes a new dairy operation, may 
        sign up with the Secretary during the one year period beginning 
        on the date on which the dairy operation first markets milk 
        commercially--
                    (A) to receive basic margin protection; and
                    (B) if the producer elects, to purchase 
                supplemental margin protection.
    (d) Retroactivity Provision.--
            (1) Notice of availability of retroactive protection.--Not 
        later than 30 days after the effective date of this subtitle, 
        the Secretary shall publish a notice in the Federal Register to 
        inform dairy producers of the availability of retroactive basic 
        margin protection and retroactive supplemental margin 
        protection, subject to the condition that interested producers 
        must file a notice of intent (in such form and manner as the 
        Secretary specifies in the Federal Register notice)--
                    (A) to participate in the margin protection program 
                and receive basic margin protection; and
                    (B) at the election of the producer under paragraph 
                (3), to also obtain supplemental margin protection.
            (2) Retroactive basic margin protection.--
                    (A) Availability.--If a dairy producer files a 
                notice of intent under paragraph (1) to participate in 
                the margin protection program before the initiation of 
                the sign-up period for the margin protection program 
                and subsequently signs up for the margin protection 
                program, the producer shall receive basic margin 
                protection retroactive to the effective date of this 
                subtitle.
                    (B) Duration.--Retroactive basic margin protection 
                under this paragraph for a dairy producer shall apply 
                from the effective date of this subtitle until the date 
                on which the producer signs up for the margin 
                protection program.
            (3) Retroactive supplemental margin protection.--
                    (A) Availability.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) and 
                (C), if a dairy producer files a notice of intent under 
                paragraph (1) to participate in the margin protection 
                program and obtain supplemental margin protection and 
                subsequently signs up for the margin protection 
                program, the producer shall receive supplemental margin 
                protection, in addition to the basic margin protection 
                under paragraph (2), retroactive to the effective date 
                of this subtitle.
                    (B) Deadline for submission.--A notice of intent to 
                obtain retroactive supplemental margin protection must 
                be filed with the Secretary no later than the earlier 
                of the following:
                            (i) 150 days after the date on which the 
                        Secretary publishes the notice in the Federal 
                        Register required by paragraph (1).
                            (ii) The date on which the Secretary 
                        initiates the sign up period for the margin 
                        protection program.
                    (C) Election of coverage level and percentage of 
                coverage.--To be sufficient to obtain retroactive 
                supplemental margin protection, the notice of intent to 
                participate filed by a dairy producer must specify--
                            (i) a selected coverage level that is 
                        higher, in any increment of $0.50, than the 
                        payment threshold for basic margin protection 
                        specified in section 1414(b), but not to exceed 
                        $6.00; and
                            (ii) the percentage of coverage, subject to 
                        limits imposed in section 1415(c).
                    (D) Duration.--The coverage level and percentage 
                specified in the notice of intent to participate filed 
                by a dairy producer shall apply from the effective date 
                of this subtitle until the later of the following:
                            (i) October 1, 2013.
                            (ii) The date on which the Secretary 
                        initiates the sign-up period for the margin 
                        protection program.
            (4) Notice of intent and obligation to participate in 
        margin protection program.--In no way does filing a notice of 
        intent under this subsection obligate a dairy producer to sign 
        up for the margin protection program once the program rules are 
        final, but if a producer does file a notice of intent and 
        subsequently signs up for the margin protection program, that 
        dairy producer is obligated to pay fees and premiums for any 
        retroactive basic margin protection or retroactive supplemental 
        margin protection selected in the notice of intent.
    (e) Administrative Fee.--
            (1) Administrative fee required.--A dairy producer shall 
        pay an administrative fee under this subsection to sign up to 
        participate in the margin protection program. The participating 
        dairy producer shall pay the administrative fee annually 
        thereafter to continue to participate in the margin protection 
        program.
            (2) Fee amount.--The administrative fee for a participating 
        dairy producer for a calendar year is based on the pounds of 
        milk (in millions) marketed by the dairy producer in the 
        previous calendar year, as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Pounds Marketed (in millions)                  Admin. Fee
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 less than 1                                 $100
                     1 to 10                                 $250
          more than 10 to 40                                 $500
                more than 40                                $1000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

            (3) Deposit of fees.--All administrative fees collected 
        under this subsection shall be credited to the fund or account 
        used to cover the costs incurred to administer the margin 
        protection program and the stabilization program and shall be 
        available to the Secretary, without further appropriation and 
        until expended, for use or transfer as provided in paragraph 
        (4).
            (4) Use of fees.--The Secretary shall use administrative 
        fees collected under this subsection--
                    (A) to cover administrative costs of the margin 
                protection program and stabilization program; and
                    (B) to the extent funds remain available after 
                operation of subparagraphs (A), to cover costs of the 
                Department of Agriculture relating to reporting of 
                dairy market news and to carry out section 273 of the 
                Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1637b).
    (f) Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall prohibit a dairy producer 
from reconstituting a dairy operation for the sole purpose of the dairy 
producer--
            (1) receiving basic margin protection;
            (2) purchasing supplemental margin protection; or
            (3) avoiding participation in the stabilization program.
    (g) Priority Consideration.--A dairy operation that participates in 
the margin protection program shall be eligible to participate in the 
livestock gross margin for dairy program under the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) only after operations that are 
not participating in the production margin protection program are 
enrolled.

SEC. 1413. PRODUCTION HISTORY OF PARTICIPATING DAIRY PRODUCERS.

    (a) Production History for Basic Margin Protection.--
            (1) Determination required.--For purposes of providing 
        basic margin protection, the Secretary shall determine the 
        basic production history of the dairy operation of each 
        participating dairy producer in the margin protection program.
            (2) Calculation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        basic production history of a participating dairy producer for 
        basic margin protection is equal to the highest annual milk 
        marketings of the dairy producer during any one of the three 
        calendar years immediately preceding the calendar year in which 
        the dairy producer first signed up to participate in the margin 
        protection program.
            (3) Election by new producers.--If a participating dairy 
        producer has been in operation for less than a year, the dairy 
        producer shall elect one of the following methods for the 
        Secretary to determine the basic production history of the 
        dairy producer:
                    (A) The volume of the actual milk marketings for 
                the months the dairy producer has been in operation 
                extrapolated to a yearly amount.
                    (B) An estimate of the actual milk marketings of 
                the dairy producer based on the herd size of the 
                producer relative to the national rolling herd average 
                data published by the Secretary.
            (4) No change in production history for basic margin 
        protection.--Once the basic production history of a 
        participating dairy producer is determined under paragraph (2) 
        or (3), the basic production history shall not be subsequently 
        changed for purposes of determining the amount of any basic 
        margin protection payments for the dairy producer made under 
        section 1414.
    (b) Annual Production History for Supplemental Margin Protection.--
            (1) Determination required.--For purposes of providing 
        supplemental margin protection for a participating dairy 
        producer that purchases supplemental margin protection for a 
        year under section 1415, the Secretary shall determine the 
        annual production history of the dairy operation of the dairy 
        producer under paragraph (2).
            (2) Calculation.--The annual production history of a 
        participating dairy producer for a year is equal to the actual 
        milk marketings of the dairy producer during the preceding 
        calendar year.
            (3) New producers.--Subsection (a)(3) shall apply with 
        respect to determining the annual production history of a 
        participating dairy producer that has been in operation for 
        less than a year.
    (c) Required Information.--A participating dairy producer shall 
provide all information that the Secretary may require in order to 
establish--
            (1) the basic production history of the dairy operation of 
        the dairy producer under subsection (a); and
            (2) the production history of the dairy operation of the 
        dairy producer whenever the producer purchases supplemental 
        margin protection under section 1415.
    (d) Transfer of Production Histories.--
            (1) Transfer by sale or lease.--In promulgating the rules 
        to initiate the margin protection program, the Secretary shall 
        specify the conditions under which and the manner by which the 
        production history of a dairy operation may be transferred by 
        sale or lease.
            (2) Coverage level.--
                    (A) Basic margin protection.--A purchaser or lessee 
                to whom the Secretary transfers a basic production 
                history under this subsection shall not obtain a 
                different level of basic margin protection than the 
                basic margin protection coverage held by the seller or 
                lessor from whom the transfer was obtained.
                    (B) Supplemental margin protection.--A purchaser or 
                lessee to whom the Secretary transfers an annual 
                production history under this subsection shall not 
                obtain a different level of supplemental margin 
                protection coverage than the supplemental margin 
                protection coverage in effect for the seller or lessor 
                from whom the transfer was obtained for the calendar 
                year in which the transfer was made.
    (e) Movement and Transfer of Production History.--
            (1) Movement and transfer authorized.--Subject to paragraph 
        (2), if a dairy producer moves from one location to another 
        location, the dairy producer may maintain the basic production 
        history and annual production history associated with the 
        operation.
            (2) Notification requirement.--A dairy producer shall 
        notify the Secretary of any move of a dairy operation under 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Subsequent occupation of vacated location.--A party 
        subsequently occupying a dairy operation location vacated as 
        described in paragraph (1) shall have no interest in the basic 
        production history or annual production history previously 
        associated with the operation at such location.

SEC. 1414. BASIC MARGIN PROTECTION.

    (a) Eligibility.--All participating dairy producers are eligible to 
receive basic margin protection under the margin protection program.
    (b) Payment Threshold.--Participating dairy producers shall receive 
a basic margin protection payment whenever the average actual dairy 
producer margin for a consecutive two-month period is less than $4.00 
per hundredweight of milk.
    (c) Basic Margin Protection Payment.--
            (1) Payment required.--The Secretary shall make a basic 
        margin protection payment to each participating dairy producer 
        whenever such a payment is required by subsection (b).
            (2) Amount of payment.--The basic margin protection payment 
        for the dairy operation of a participating dairy producer for a 
        consecutive two-month period shall be determined as follows:
                    (A) The Secretary shall calculate the difference 
                between the average actual dairy producer margin for 
                the consecutive two-month period and $4.00, except 
                that, if the difference is more than $4.00, the 
                Secretary shall use $4.00.
                    (B) The Secretary shall multiply the amount under 
                subparagraph (A) by the lesser of the following:
                            (i) 80 percent of the production history of 
                        the dairy producer, divided by six.
                            (ii) The actual amount of milk marketed by 
                        the dairy operation of the dairy producer 
                        during the consecutive two-month period.

SEC. 1415. SUPPLEMENTAL MARGIN PROTECTION.

    (a) Election of Supplemental Margin Protection.--Supplemental 
margin protection is available only on an annual basis. A participating 
dairy producer may annually purchase supplemental margin protection to 
protect, during the calendar year for which purchased, a higher level 
of the income of a participating dairy producer than the income level 
guaranteed by basic margin protection under section 1414.
    (b) Selection of Payment Threshold.--A participating dairy producer 
purchasing supplemental margin protection for a year shall elect a 
coverage level that is higher, in any increment of $0.50, than the 
payment threshold for basic margin protection specified in section 
1414(b), but not to exceed $8.00.
    (c) Selection of Coverage Percentage.--A participating dairy 
producer purchasing supplemental margin protection for a year shall 
elect a percentage of coverage equal to not more than 90 percent, nor 
less than 25 percent, of the annual production history of the dairy 
operation of the participating dairy producer.
    (d) Producer Premiums for Supplemental Margin Protection.--
            (1) Premiums required.--A participating dairy producer that 
        purchases supplemental margin protection shall pay an annual 
        premium equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) the percentage selected by the dairy producer 
                under subsection (c);
                    (B) the annual production history of the dairy 
                producer; and
                    (C) the premium per hundredweight of milk, as 
                specified in the applicable table under paragraph (2) 
                or (3).
            (2) Premium per hundredweight for first 4 million pounds of 
        production.--For the first 4,000,000 pounds of milk marketings 
        included in the annual production history of a participating 
        dairy producer, the premium per hundredweight corresponding to 
        each coverage level specified in the following table is as 
        follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.50                                $0.01
                       $5.00                               $0.025
                       $5.50                                $0.04
                       $6.00                               $0.065
                       $6.50                                $0.09
                       $7.00                               $0.434
                       $7.50                               $0.590
                       $8.00                               $0.922
------------------------------------------------------------------------

            (3) Premium per hundredweight for production in excess of 4 
        million pounds.--For milk marketings in excess of 4,000,000 
        pounds included in the annual production history of a 
        participating dairy producer, the premium per hundredweight 
        corresponding to each coverage level is as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.50                               $0.015
                       $5.00                               $0.036
                       $5.50                               $0.081
                       $6.00                               $0.155
                       $6.50                               $0.230
                       $7.00                               $0.434
                       $7.50                               $0.590
                       $8.00                               $0.922
------------------------------------------------------------------------

            (4) Time for payment.--In promulgating the rules to 
        initiate the margin protection program, the Secretary shall 
        provide more than one method by which a participating dairy 
        producer that purchases supplemental margin protection for a 
        calendar year may pay the premium under this subsection for 
        that year that maximizes producer payment flexibility and 
        program integrity.
    (e) Producer's Premium Obligations.--
            (1) Pro-ration of premium for new producers.--A dairy 
        producer described in section 1412(c)(2) that purchases 
        supplemental margin protection for a calendar year after the 
        start of the calendar year shall pay a pro-rated premium for 
        that calendar year based on the portion of the calendar year 
        for which the producer purchases the coverage.
            (2) Legal obligation.--A participating dairy producer that 
        purchases supplemental margin protection for a calendar year 
        shall be legally obligated to pay the applicable premium for 
        that calendar year, except that, if the dairy producer retires, 
        the producer may request that Secretary cancel the supplemental 
        margin protection if the producer has terminated the dairy 
        operation entirely and certifies under oath that the producer 
        will not be actively engaged in any dairy operation for at 
        least the next seven years.
    (f) Supplemental Payment Threshold.--A participating dairy producer 
with supplemental margin protection shall receive a supplemental margin 
protection payment whenever the average actual dairy producer margin 
for a consecutive two-month period is less than the coverage level 
threshold selected by the dairy producer under subsection (b).
    (g) Supplemental Margin Protection Payments.--
            (1) In general.--The supplemental margin protection payment 
        for a participating dairy producer is in addition to the basic 
        margin protection payment.
            (2) Amount of payment.--The supplemental margin protection 
        payment for the dairy operation of a participating dairy 
        producer shall be determined as follows:
                    (A) The Secretary shall calculate the difference 
                between the coverage level threshold selected by the 
                dairy producer under subsection (b) and the greater 
                of--
                            (i) the average actual dairy producer 
                        margin for the consecutive two-month period; or
                            (ii) $4.00.
                    (B) The amount determined under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be multiplied by the percentage selected by the 
                participating dairy producer under subsection (c) and 
                by the lesser of the following:
                            (i) The annual production history of the 
                        dairy operation of the dairy producer, divided 
                        by six.
                            (ii) The actual amount of milk marketed by 
                        the dairy operation of the dairy producer 
                        during the consecutive two-month period.

SEC. 1416. EFFECT OF FAILURE TO PAY ADMINISTRATIVE FEES OR PREMIUMS.

    (a) Loss of Benefits.--A participating dairy producer that fails to 
pay the required administrative fee under section 1412 or is in arrears 
on premium payments for supplemental margin protection under section 
1415--
            (1) remains legally obligated to pay the administrative fee 
        or premiums, as the case may be; and
            (2) may not receive basic margin protection payments or 
        supplemental margin protection payments until the fees or 
        premiums are fully paid.
    (b) Enforcement.--The Secretary may take such action as necessary 
to collect administrative fees and premium payments for supplemental 
margin protection.

             Subpart B--Dairy Market Stabilization Program

SEC. 1431. ESTABLISHMENT OF DAIRY MARKET STABILIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required; Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish and 
administer a dairy market stabilization program applicable to 
participating dairy producers for the purpose of assisting in balancing 
the supply of milk with demand when dairy producers are experiencing 
low or negative operating margins.
    (b) Election of Stabilization Program Base Calculation Method.--
            (1) Election.--When a dairy producer signs up under section 
        1412 to participate in the margin protection program, the dairy 
        producer shall inform the Secretary of the method by which the 
        stabilization program base for the dairy producer for fiscal 
        year 2013 will be calculated under paragraph (3).
            (2) Change in calculation method.--A participating dairy 
        producer may change the stabilization program base calculation 
        method to be used for a calendar year by notifying the 
        Secretary of the change not later than a date determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (3) Calculation methods.--A participating dairy producer 
        may elect either of the following methods for calculation of 
        the stabilization program base for the producer:
                    (A) The volume of the average monthly milk 
                marketings of the dairy producer for the three months 
                immediately preceding the announcement by the Secretary 
                that the stabilization program will become effective.
                    (B) The volume of the monthly milk marketings of 
                the dairy producer for the same month in the preceding 
                year as the month for which the Secretary has announced 
                the stabilization program will become effective.

SEC. 1432. THRESHOLD FOR IMPLEMENTATION AND REDUCTION IN DAIRY PRODUCER 
              PAYMENTS.

    (a) When Stabilization Program Required.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), the Secretary shall announce that the stabilization 
program is in effect and order reduced payments for any participating 
dairy producer that exceeds the applicable percentage of the producer's 
stabilization program base whenever--
            (1) the actual dairy producer margin has been $6.00 or less 
        per hundredweight of milk for each of the immediately preceding 
        two months; or
            (2) the actual dairy producer margin has been $4.00 or less 
        per hundredweight of milk for the immediately preceding month.
    (b) Exception.--The Secretary shall not make the announcement under 
subsection (a) to implement the stabilization program or order reduced 
payments if any of the conditions described in section 1436(b) have 
been met during the two months immediately preceding the month in which 
the announcement under subsection (a) would otherwise be made by the 
Secretary in the absence of this exception.
    (c) Effective Date for Implementation of Payment Reductions.--
Reductions in dairy producer payments shall commence beginning on the 
first day of the month immediately following the date of the 
announcement by the Secretary under subsection (a).

SEC. 1433. PRODUCER MILK MARKETING INFORMATION.

    (a) Collection of Milk Marketing Data.--The Secretary shall 
establish, by regulation, a process to collect from participating dairy 
producers and handlers such information that the Secretary considers 
necessary for each month during which the stabilization program is in 
effect.
    (b) Reduce Regulatory Burden.--When implementing the process under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall minimize the regulatory burden on 
dairy producers and handlers.

SEC. 1434. CALCULATION AND COLLECTION OF REDUCED DAIRY PRODUCER 
              PAYMENTS.

    (a) Reduced Producer Payments Required.--During any month in which 
payment reductions are in effect under the stabilization program, each 
handler shall reduce payments to each participating dairy producer from 
whom the handler receives milk.
    (b) Reductions Based on Actual Dairy Producer Margin.--
            (1) Reduction requirement 1.--Unless the reduction required 
        by paragraph (2) or (3) applies, when the actual dairy producer 
        margin has been $6.00 or less per hundredweight of milk for two 
        consecutive months, the handler shall make payments to a 
        participating dairy producer for a month based on the greater 
        of the following:
                    (A) 98 percent of the stabilization program base of 
                the dairy producer.
                    (B) 94 percent of the marketings of milk for the 
                month by the producer.
            (2) Reduction requirement 2.--Unless the reduction required 
        by paragraph (3) applies, when the actual dairy producer margin 
        has been $5.00 or less per hundredweight of milk for two 
        consecutive months, the handler shall make payments to a 
        participating dairy producer for a month based on the greater 
        of the following:
                    (A) 97 percent of the stabilization program base of 
                the dairy producer.
                    (B) 93 percent of the marketings of milk for the 
                month by the producer.
            (3) Reduction requirement 3.--When the actual dairy 
        producer margin has been $4.00 or less for any one month, the 
        handler shall make payments to a participating dairy producer 
        for a month based on the greater of the following:
                    (A) 96 percent of the stabilization program base of 
                the dairy producer.
                    (B) 92 percent of the marketings of milk for the 
                month by the producer.
    (c) Continuation of Reductions.--The largest level of payment 
reduction required under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (b) 
shall be continued for each month until the Secretary suspends the 
stabilization program and terminates payment reductions in accordance 
with section 1436.
    (d) Payment Reduction Exception.--Notwithstanding any preceding 
subsection of this section, a handler shall make no payment reductions 
for a dairy producer for a month if the producer's milk marketings for 
the month are equal to or less than the percentage of the stabilization 
program base applicable to the producer under paragraph (1), (2), or 
(3) of subsection (b).

SEC. 1435. REMITTING MONIES TO THE SECRETARY AND USE OF MONIES.

    (a) Remitting Monies.--As soon as practicable after the end of each 
month during which payment reductions are in effect under the 
stabilization program, each handler shall remit to the Secretary an 
amount equal to the amount by which payments to participating dairy 
producers are reduced by the handler under section 1434.
    (b) Deposit of Monies.--All monies received under subsection (a) 
shall be available to the Secretary, without further appropriation and 
until expended, for use or transfer as provided in subsection (c).
    (c) Use of Monies.--
            (1) Availability for certain commodity donations.--Within 
        three months of the receipt of monies under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall obligate the monies for the purpose of--
                    (A) purchasing dairy products for donation to food 
                banks and other programs that the Secretary determines 
                appropriate; and
                    (B) expanding consumption and building demand for 
                dairy products.
            (2) No duplication of effort.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that expenditures under paragraph (1) are compatible with, and 
        do not duplicate, programs supported by the dairy research and 
        promotion activities conducted under the Dairy Production 
        Stabilization Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.).
            (3) Accounting.--The Secretary shall keep an accurate 
        account of all monies obligated under paragraph (1).
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than December 31 of each year that 
the stabilization program is in effect, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report that provides an accurate accounting of--
            (1) the monies received by the Secretary during the 
        preceding fiscal year under subsection (a); and
            (2) all expenditures made by the Secretary under subsection 
        (b) during the preceding fiscal year.
    (e) Enforcement.--If a participating dairy producer or handler 
fails to remit or collect the amounts by which payments to 
participating dairy producers are reduced under section 1434, the 
producer or handler responsible for the failure shall be liable to the 
Secretary for the amount that should have been remitted or collected, 
plus interest. In addition to the enforcement authorities available 
under section 1437, the Secretary may enforce this subsection in the 
courts of the United States.

SEC. 1436. SUSPENSION OF REDUCED PAYMENT REQUIREMENT.

    (a) Determination of Prices.--For purposes of this section:
            (1) The price in the United States for cheddar cheese and 
        nonfat dry milk shall be determined by the Secretary.
            (2) The world price of cheddar cheese and skim milk powder 
        shall be determined by the Secretary.
    (b) Initial Suspension Thresholds.--The Secretary shall announce 
that the stabilization program shall be suspended whenever the 
Secretary determines that--
            (1) the actual dairy producer margin is greater than $6.00 
        per hundredweight of milk for two consecutive months;
            (2) the dairy producer margin is equal to or less than 
        $6.00 (but greater than $5.00) for two consecutive months, and 
        during the same two consecutive months--
                    (A) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                cheese is equal to or greater than the world price of 
                cheddar cheese; or
                    (B) the price in the United States for nonfat dry 
                milk is equal to or greater than the world price of 
                skim milk powder;
            (3) the dairy producer margin is equal to or less than 
        $5.00 (but greater than $4.00) for two consecutive months, and 
        during the same two consecutive months--
                    (A) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                cheese is more than 5 percent above the world price of 
                cheddar cheese; or
                    (B) the price in the United States for nonfat dry 
                milk is more than 5 percent above the world price of 
                skim milk powder; or
            (4) the dairy producer margin is equal to or less than 
        $4.00 for two consecutive months, and during the same two 
        consecutive months--
                    (A) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                cheese is more than 7 percent above the world price of 
                cheddar cheese; or
                    (B) the price in the United States for nonfat dry 
                milk is more than 7 percent above the world price of 
                skim milk powder.
    (c) Enhanced Suspension Thresholds.--If the stabilization program 
is not suspended pursuant to subsection (b) for six consecutive months 
or more, the stabilization program shall be suspended whenever the 
Secretary determines that--
            (1) the actual dairy producer margin is greater than $6.00 
        per hundredweight of milk for two consecutive months;
            (2) the dairy producer margin is equal to or less than 
        $6.00 (but greater than $5.00) for two consecutive months, and 
        during the same two consecutive months--
                    (A) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                cheese is not less than 97 percent of the world price 
                of cheddar cheese; or
                    (B) the price in the United States for non-fat dry 
                milk is not less than 97 percent of the world price of 
                skim milk powder;
            (3) the dairy producer margin is equal to or less than 
        $5.00 (but greater than $4.00) for two consecutive months, and 
        during the same two consecutive months--
                    (A) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                cheese is more than 3 percent above the world price of 
                cheddar cheese; or
                    (B) the price in the United States for non fat dry 
                milk is more than 3 percent above the world price of 
                skim milk powder; or
            (4) the dairy producer margin is equal to or less than 
        $4.00 for two consecutive months, and during the same two 
        consecutive months--
                    (A) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                cheese is more than 6 percent above the world price of 
                cheddar cheese; or
                    (B) the price in the United States for non fat dry 
                milk is more than 6 percent above the world price of 
                skim milk powder.
    (d) Implementation by Handlers.--Effective on the day after the 
date of the announcement by the Secretary under subsection (b) or (c) 
of the suspension of the stabilization program, the handler shall cease 
reducing payments to participating dairy producers under the 
stabilization program.
    (e) Condition on Resumption of Stabilization Program.--Upon the 
announcement by the Secretary under subsection (b) or (c) that the 
stabilization program has been suspended, the stabilization program may 
not be implemented again until, at the earliest--
            (1) two months have passed, beginning on the first day of 
        the month immediately following the announcement by the 
        Secretary; and
            (2) the conditions of section 1432(a) are again met.

SEC. 1437. ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Unlawful Act.--It shall be unlawful and a violation of the this 
subpart for any person subject to the stabilization program to 
willfully fail or refuse to provide, or delay the timely reporting of, 
accurate information and remittance of funds to the Secretary in 
accordance with this subpart.
    (b) Order.--After providing notice and opportunity for a hearing to 
an affected person, the Secretary may issue an order against any person 
to cease and desist from continuing any violation of this subpart.
    (c) Appeal.--An order of the Secretary under subsection (b) shall 
be final and conclusive unless an affected person files an appeal of 
the order of the Secretary in United States district court not later 
than 30 days after the date of the issuance of the order. A finding of 
the Secretary in the order shall be set aside only if the finding is 
not supported by substantial evidence.
    (d) Noncompliance With Order.--If a person subject to this subpart 
fails to obey an order issued under subsection (b) after the order has 
become final and unappealable, or after the appropriate United States 
district court has entered a final judgment in favor of the Secretary, 
the United States may apply to the appropriate United States district 
court for enforcement of the order. If the court determines that the 
order was lawfully made and duly served and that the person violated 
the order, the court shall enforce the order.

SEC. 1438. AUDIT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Audits of Producer and Handler Compliance.--
            (1) Audits authorized.--If determined by the Secretary to 
        be necessary to ensure compliance by participating dairy 
        producers and handlers with the stabilization program, the 
        Secretary may conduct periodic audits of participating dairy 
        producers and handlers.
            (2) Sample of dairy producers.--Any audit conducted under 
        this subsection shall include, at a minimum, investigation of a 
        statistically valid and random sample of participating dairy 
        producers.
    (b) Submission of Results.--The Secretary shall submit the results 
of any audit conducted under subsection (a) to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and include such 
recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate regarding the 
stabilization program.

                Subpart C--Commodity Credit Corporation

SEC. 1451. USE OF COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION.

    The Secretary shall use the funds, facilities, and the authorities 
of the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this part.

                   Subpart D--Initiation and Duration

SEC. 1461. RULEMAKING.

    (a) Procedure.--The promulgation of regulations for the initiation 
of the margin protection program and the stabilization program, and for 
administration of such programs, shall be made without regard to--
            (1) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly 
        known as the Paperwork Reduction Act);
            (2) the Statement of Policy of the Secretary of Agriculture 
        effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 13804), relating to 
        notices of proposed rulemaking and public participation in 
        rulemaking; and
            (3) the notice and comment provisions of section 553 of 
        title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking.--In carrying out 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall use the authority provided under 
section 808 of title 5, United States Code.
    (c) Inclusion of Additional Order.--Section 143(a)(2) of the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7253(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``Subsection (b)(2) does not apply to the authority of the Secretary 
under this subsection.''.

SEC. 1462. DURATION.

    The margin protection program and the stabilization program shall 
end on December 31, 2018.

  PART II--REPEAL OR REAUTHORIZATION OF OTHER DAIRY-RELATED PROVISIONS

SEC. 1481. REPEAL OF DAIRY PRODUCT PRICE SUPPORT AND MILK INCOME LOSS 
              CONTRACT PROGRAMS.

    (a) Repeal of Dairy Product Price Support Program.--Section 1501 of 
the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8771) is 
repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Milk Income Loss Contract Program.--Section 1506 of 
the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8773) is 
repealed.

SEC. 1482. REPEAL OF DAIRY EXPORT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 153 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (15 
U.S.C. 713a-14) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 902(2) of the Trade Sanctions 
Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7201(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (D); and
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively.

SEC. 1483. EXTENSION OF DAIRY FORWARD PRICING PROGRAM.

    Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
        ``2021''.

SEC. 1484. EXTENSION OF DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM.

    Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 450l) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 1485. EXTENSION OF DAIRY PROMOTION AND RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy Production Stabilization Act of 1983 
(7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 1486. REPEAL OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDER REVIEW COMMISSION.

    Section 1509 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1726) is repealed.

                        PART III--EFFECTIVE DATE

SEC. 1491. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible producer on a farm.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``eligible producer on a 
                farm'' means an individual or entity described in 
                subparagraph (B) that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                assumes the production and market risks associated with 
                the agricultural production of crops or livestock.
                    (B) Description.--An individual or entity referred 
                to in subparagraph (A) is--
                            (i) a citizen of the United States;
                            (ii) a resident alien;
                            (iii) a partnership of citizens of the 
                        United States; or
                            (iv) a corporation, limited liability 
                        corporation, or other farm organizational 
                        structure organized under State law.
            (2) Farm-raised fish.--The term ``farm-raised fish'' means 
        any aquatic species that is propagated and reared in a 
        controlled environment.
            (3) Livestock.--The term ``livestock'' includes--
                    (A) cattle (including dairy cattle);
                    (B) bison;
                    (C) poultry;
                    (D) sheep;
                    (E) swine;
                    (F) horses; and
                    (G) other livestock, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.
    (b) Livestock Indemnity Payments.--
            (1) Payments.--For each of the fiscal years 2012 through 
        2018, the Secretary shall use such sums as are necessary of the 
        funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to make livestock 
        indemnity payments to eligible producers on farms that have 
        incurred livestock death losses in excess of the normal 
        mortality, as determined by the Secretary, due to--
                    (A) attacks by animals reintroduced into the wild 
                by the Federal Government or protected by Federal law, 
                including wolves and avian predators; or
                    (B) adverse weather, as determined by the 
                Secretary, during the calendar year, including losses 
                due to hurricanes, floods, blizzards, disease, 
                wildfires, extreme heat, and extreme cold.
            (2) Payment rates.--Indemnity payments to an eligible 
        producer on a farm under paragraph (1) shall be made at a rate 
        of 75 percent of the market value of the applicable livestock 
        on the day before the date of death of the livestock, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Special rule for payments made due to disease.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that payments made to an eligible 
        producer under paragraph (1) are not made for the same 
        livestock losses for which compensation is provided pursuant to 
        section 10407(d) of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 
        8306(d)).
    (c) Livestock Forage Disaster Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Covered livestock.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), the term ``covered livestock'' 
                        means livestock of an eligible livestock 
                        producer that, during the 60 days prior to the 
                        beginning date of a qualifying drought or fire 
                        condition, as determined by the Secretary, the 
                        eligible livestock producer--
                                    (I) owned;
                                    (II) leased;
                                    (III) purchased;
                                    (IV) entered into a contract to 
                                purchase;
                                    (V) is a contract grower; or
                                    (VI) sold or otherwise disposed of 
                                due to qualifying drought conditions 
                                during--
                                            (aa) the current production 
                                        year; or
                                            (bb) subject to paragraph 
                                        (3)(B)(ii), 1 or both of the 2 
                                        production years immediately 
                                        preceding the current 
                                        production year.
                            (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``covered 
                        livestock'' does not include livestock that 
                        were or would have been in a feedlot, on the 
                        beginning date of the qualifying drought or 
                        fire condition, as a part of the normal 
                        business operation of the eligible livestock 
                        producer, as determined by the Secretary.
                    (B) Drought monitor.--The term ``drought monitor'' 
                means a system for classifying drought severity 
                according to a range of abnormally dry to exceptional 
                drought, as defined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Eligible livestock producer.--
                            (i) In general.--The term ``eligible 
                        livestock producer'' means an eligible producer 
                        on a farm that--
                                    (I) is an owner, cash or share 
                                lessee, or contract grower of covered 
                                livestock that provides the pastureland 
                                or grazing land, including cash-leased 
                                pastureland or grazing land, for the 
                                livestock;
                                    (II) provides the pastureland or 
                                grazing land for covered livestock, 
                                including cash-leased pastureland or 
                                grazing land that is physically located 
                                in a county affected by drought;
                                    (III) certifies grazing loss; and
                                    (IV) meets all other eligibility 
                                requirements established under this 
                                subsection.
                            (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``eligible 
                        livestock producer'' does not include an owner, 
                        cash or share lessee, or contract grower of 
                        livestock that rents or leases pastureland or 
                        grazing land owned by another person on a rate-
                        of-gain basis.
                    (D) Normal carrying capacity.--The term ``normal 
                carrying capacity'', with respect to each type of 
                grazing land or pastureland in a county, means the 
                normal carrying capacity, as determined under paragraph 
                (3)(D)(i), that would be expected from the grazing land 
                or pastureland for livestock during the normal grazing 
                period, in the absence of a drought or fire that 
                diminishes the production of the grazing land or 
                pastureland.
                    (E) Normal grazing period.--The term ``normal 
                grazing period'', with respect to a county, means the 
                normal grazing period during the calendar year for the 
                county, as determined under paragraph (3)(D)(i).
            (2) Program.--For each of the fiscal years 2012 through 
        2018, the Secretary shall use such sums as are necessary of the 
        funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to provide 
        compensation for losses to eligible livestock producers due to 
        grazing losses for covered livestock due to--
                    (A) a drought condition, as described in paragraph 
                (3); or
                    (B) fire, as described in paragraph (4).
            (3) Assistance for losses due to drought conditions.--
                    (A) Eligible losses.--
                            (i) In general.--An eligible livestock 
                        producer may receive assistance under this 
                        subsection only for grazing losses for covered 
                        livestock that occur on land that--
                                    (I) is native or improved 
                                pastureland with permanent vegetative 
                                cover; or
                                    (II) is planted to a crop planted 
                                specifically for the purpose of 
                                providing grazing for covered 
                                livestock.
                            (ii) Exclusions.--An eligible livestock 
                        producer may not receive assistance under this 
                        subsection for grazing losses that occur on 
                        land used for haying or grazing under the 
                        conservation reserve program established under 
                        subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
                        title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                        U.S.C. 3831 et seq.).
                    (B) Monthly payment rate.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), the payment rate for assistance 
                        under this paragraph for 1 month shall, in the 
                        case of drought, be equal to 60 percent of the 
                        lesser of--
                                    (I) the monthly feed cost for all 
                                covered livestock owned or leased by 
                                the eligible livestock producer, as 
                                determined under subparagraph (C); or
                                    (II) the monthly feed cost 
                                calculated by using the normal carrying 
                                capacity of the eligible grazing land 
                                of the eligible livestock producer.
                            (ii) Partial compensation.--In the case of 
                        an eligible livestock producer that sold or 
                        otherwise disposed of covered livestock due to 
                        drought conditions in 1 or both of the 2 
                        production years immediately preceding the 
                        current production year, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, the payment rate shall be 80 percent 
                        of the payment rate otherwise calculated in 
                        accordance with clause (i).
                    (C) Monthly feed cost.--
                            (i) In general.--The monthly feed cost 
                        shall equal the product obtained by 
                        multiplying--
                                    (I) 30 days;
                                    (II) a payment quantity that is 
                                equal to the feed grain equivalent, as 
                                determined under clause (ii); and
                                    (III) a payment rate that is equal 
                                to the corn price per pound, as 
                                determined under clause (iii).
                            (ii) Feed grain equivalent.--For purposes 
                        of clause (i)(II), the feed grain equivalent 
                        shall equal--
                                    (I) in the case of an adult beef 
                                cow, 15.7 pounds of corn per day; or
                                    (II) in the case of any other type 
                                of weight of livestock, an amount 
                                determined by the Secretary that 
                                represents the average number of pounds 
                                of corn per day necessary to feed the 
                                livestock.
                            (iii) Corn price per pound.--For purposes 
                        of clause (i)(III), the corn price per pound 
                        shall equal the quotient obtained by dividing--
                                    (I) the higher of--
                                            (aa) the national average 
                                        corn price per bushel for the 
                                        12-month period immediately 
                                        preceding March 1 of the year 
                                        for which the disaster 
                                        assistance is calculated; or
                                            (bb) the national average 
                                        corn price per bushel for the 
                                        24-month period immediately 
                                        preceding that March 1; by
                                    (II) 56.
                    (D) Normal grazing period and drought monitor 
                intensity.--
                            (i) Fsa county committee determinations.--
                                    (I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall determine the normal carrying 
                                capacity and normal grazing period for 
                                each type of grazing land or 
                                pastureland in the county served by the 
                                applicable committee.
                                    (II) Changes.--No change to the 
                                normal carrying capacity or normal 
                                grazing period established for a county 
                                under subclause (I) shall be made 
                                unless the change is requested by the 
                                appropriate State and county Farm 
                                Service Agency committees.
                            (ii) Drought intensity.--
                                    (I) D2.--An eligible livestock 
                                producer that owns or leases grazing 
                                land or pastureland that is physically 
                                located in a county that is rated by 
                                the U.S. Drought Monitor as having a D2 
                                (severe drought) intensity in any area 
                                of the county for at least 8 
                                consecutive weeks during the normal 
                                grazing period for the county, as 
                                determined by the Secretary, shall be 
                                eligible to receive assistance under 
                                this paragraph in an amount equal to 1 
                                monthly payment using the monthly 
                                payment rate determined under 
                                subparagraph (B).
                                    (II) D3.--An eligible livestock 
                                producer that owns or leases grazing 
                                land or pastureland that is physically 
                                located in a county that is rated by 
                                the U.S. Drought Monitor as having at 
                                least a D3 (extreme drought) intensity 
                                in any area of the county at any time 
                                during the normal grazing period for 
                                the county, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, shall be eligible to receive 
                                assistance under this paragraph--
                                            (aa) in an amount equal to 
                                        3 monthly payments using the 
                                        monthly payment rate determined 
                                        under subparagraph (B);
                                            (bb) if the county is rated 
                                        as having a D3 (extreme 
                                        drought) intensity in any area 
                                        of the county for at least 4 
                                        weeks during the normal grazing 
                                        period for the county, or is 
                                        rated as having a D4 
                                        (exceptional drought) intensity 
                                        in any area of the county at 
                                        any time during the normal 
                                        grazing period, in an amount 
                                        equal to 4 monthly payments 
                                        using the monthly payment rate 
                                        determined under subparagraph 
                                        (B); or
                                            (cc) if the county is rated 
                                        as having a D4 (exceptional 
                                        drought) intensity in any area 
                                        of the county for at least 4 
                                        weeks during the normal grazing 
                                        period, in an amount equal to 5 
                                        monthly payments using the 
                                        monthly rate determined under 
                                        subparagraph (B).
            (4) Assistance for losses due to fire on public managed 
        land.--
                    (A) In general.--An eligible livestock producer may 
                receive assistance under this paragraph only if--
                            (i) the grazing losses occur on rangeland 
                        that is managed by a Federal agency; and
                            (ii) the eligible livestock producer is 
                        prohibited by the Federal agency from grazing 
                        the normal permitted livestock on the managed 
                        rangeland due to a fire.
                    (B) Payment rate.--The payment rate for assistance 
                under this paragraph shall be equal to 50 percent of 
                the monthly feed cost for the total number of livestock 
                covered by the Federal lease of the eligible livestock 
                producer, as determined under paragraph (3)(C).
                    (C) Payment duration.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), an 
                        eligible livestock producer shall be eligible 
                        to receive assistance under this paragraph for 
                        the period--
                                    (I) beginning on the date on which 
                                the Federal agency excludes the 
                                eligible livestock producer from using 
                                the managed rangeland for grazing; and
                                    (II) ending on the last day of the 
                                Federal lease of the eligible livestock 
                                producer.
                            (ii) Limitation.--An eligible livestock 
                        producer may only receive assistance under this 
                        paragraph for losses that occur on not more 
                        than 180 days per year.
            (5) No duplicative payments.--An eligible livestock 
        producer may elect to receive assistance for grazing or pasture 
        feed losses due to drought conditions under paragraph (3) or 
        fire under paragraph (4), but not both for the same loss, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
    (d) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-raised 
Fish.--
            (1) In general.--For each of the fiscal years 2012 through 
        2018, the Secretary shall use not more than $20,000,000 of the 
        funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to provide emergency 
        relief to eligible producers of livestock, honey bees, and 
        farm-raised fish to aid in the reduction of losses due to 
        disease (including cattle tick fever), adverse weather, or 
        other conditions, such as blizzards and wildfires, as 
        determined by the Secretary, that are not covered under 
        subsection (b) or (c).
            (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this 
        subsection shall be used to reduce losses caused by feed or 
        water shortages, disease, or other factors as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (3) Availability of funds.--Any funds made available under 
        this subsection shall remain available until expended.
    (e) Tree Assistance Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Eligible orchardist.--The term ``eligible 
                orchardist'' means a person that produces annual crops 
                from trees for commercial purposes.
                    (B) Natural disaster.--The term ``natural 
                disaster'' means plant disease, insect infestation, 
                drought, fire, freeze, flood, earthquake, lightning, or 
                other occurrence, as determined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Nursery tree grower.--The term ``nursery tree 
                grower'' means a person who produces nursery, 
                ornamental, fruit, nut, or Christmas trees for 
                commercial sale, as determined by the Secretary.
                    (D) Tree.--The term ``tree'' includes a tree, bush, 
                and vine.
            (2) Eligibility.--
                    (A) Loss.--Subject to subparagraph (B), for each of 
                the fiscal years 2012 through 2018, the Secretary shall 
                use such sums as are necessary of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to provide assistance--
                            (i) under paragraph (3) to eligible 
                        orchardists and nursery tree growers that 
                        planted trees for commercial purposes but lost 
                        the trees as a result of a natural disaster, as 
                        determined by the Secretary; and
                            (ii) under paragraph (3)(B) to eligible 
                        orchardists and nursery tree growers that have 
                        a production history for commercial purposes on 
                        planted or existing trees but lost the trees as 
                        a result of a natural disaster, as determined 
                        by the Secretary.
                    (B) Limitation.--An eligible orchardist or nursery 
                tree grower shall qualify for assistance under 
                subparagraph (A) only if the tree mortality of the 
                eligible orchardist or nursery tree grower, as a result 
                of damaging weather or related condition, exceeds 15 
                percent (adjusted for normal mortality).
            (3) Assistance.--Subject to paragraph (4), the assistance 
        provided by the Secretary to eligible orchardists and nursery 
        tree growers for losses described in paragraph (2) shall 
        consist of--
                    (A)(i) reimbursement of 65 percent of the cost of 
                replanting trees lost due to a natural disaster, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent 
                mortality (adjusted for normal mortality); or
                    (ii) at the option of the Secretary, sufficient 
                seedlings to reestablish a stand; and
                    (B) reimbursement of 50 percent of the cost of 
                pruning, removal, and other costs incurred by an 
                eligible orchardist or nursery tree grower to salvage 
                existing trees or, in the case of tree mortality, to 
                prepare the land to replant trees as a result of damage 
                or tree mortality due to a natural disaster, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent 
                damage or mortality (adjusted for normal tree damage 
                and mortality).
            (4) Limitations on assistance.--
                    (A) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In 
                this paragraph, the terms ``legal entity'' and 
                ``person'' have the meaning given those terms in 
                section 1001(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
                U.S.C. 1308(a)).
                    (B) Amount.--The total amount of payments received, 
                directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity 
                (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) 
                under this subsection may not exceed $125,000 for any 
                crop year, or an equivalent value in tree seedlings.
                    (C) Acres.--The total quantity of acres planted to 
                trees or tree seedlings for which a person or legal 
                entity shall be entitled to receive payments under this 
                subsection may not exceed 500 acres.
    (f) Payment Limitations.--
            (1) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In this 
        subsection, the terms ``legal entity'' and ``person'' have the 
        meaning given those terms in section 1001(a) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)).
            (2) Amount.--The total amount of disaster assistance 
        payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal 
        entity (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) under 
        this section (excluding payments received under subsection (e)) 
        may not exceed $125,000 for any crop year.
            (3) Direct attribution.--Subsections (e) and (f) of section 
        1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) or any 
        successor provisions relating to direct attribution shall apply 
        with respect to assistance provided under this section.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

SEC. 1601. ADMINISTRATION GENERALLY.

    (a) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Secretary of 
Agriculture shall use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this title.
    (b) Determinations by Secretary.--A determination made by the 
Secretary under this title shall be final and conclusive.
    (c) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        subsection, not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary and the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, as appropriate, shall promulgate such regulations 
        as are necessary to implement this title and the amendments 
        made by this title.
            (2) Procedure.--The promulgation of the regulations and 
        administration of this title and the amendments made by this 
        title and sections 11003 and 11016 of this Act shall be made 
        without regard to--
                    (A) the notice and comment provisions of section 
                553 of title 5, United States Code;
                    (B) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code 
                (commonly known as the ``Paperwork Reduction Act''); 
                and
                    (C) the Statement of Policy of the Secretary of 
                Agriculture effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 
                13804), relating to notices of proposed rulemaking and 
                public participation in rulemaking.
            (3) Congressional review of agency rulemaking.--In carrying 
        out this subsection, the Secretary shall use the authority 
        provided under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.
    (d) Adjustment Authority Related to Trade Agreements Compliance.--
            (1) Required determination; adjustment.--If the Secretary 
        determines that expenditures under this title that are subject 
        to the total allowable domestic support levels under the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements (as defined in section 2 of the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3501)) will exceed the 
        allowable levels for any applicable reporting period, the 
        Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make 
        adjustments in the amount of the expenditures during that 
        period to ensure that the expenditures do not exceed the 
        allowable levels.
            (2) Congressional notification.--Before making any 
        adjustment under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report describing the determination made under 
        that paragraph and the extent of the adjustment to be made.

SEC. 1602. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.--The following provisions 
of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 shall not be applicable to 
the 2014 through 2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in 
section 1104), cotton, and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk 
during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act 
through December 31, 2018:
            (1) Parts II through V of subtitle B of title III (7 U.S.C. 
        1326 et seq.).
            (2) In the case of upland cotton, section 377 (7 U.S.C. 
        1377).
            (3) Subtitle D of title III (7 U.S.C. 1379a et seq.).
            (4) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).
    (b) Agricultural Act of 1949.--The following provisions of the 
Agricultural Act of 1949 shall not be applicable to the 2013 through 
2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in section 1104), cotton, 
and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk during the period 
beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and through December 31, 
2018:
            (1) Section 101 (7 U.S.C. 1441).
            (2) Section 103(a) (7 U.S.C. 1444(a)).
            (3) Section 105 (7 U.S.C. 1444b).
            (4) Section 107 (7 U.S.C. 1445a).
            (5) Section 110 (7 U.S.C. 1445e).
            (6) Section 112 (7 U.S.C. 1445g).
            (7) Section 115 (7 U.S.C. 1445k).
            (8) Section 201 (7 U.S.C. 1446).
            (9) Title III (7 U.S.C. 1447 et seq.).
            (10) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), other than sections 
        404, 412, and 416 (7 U.S.C. 1424, 1429, and 1431).
            (11) Title V (7 U.S.C. 1461 et seq.).
            (12) Title VI (7 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.).
    (c) Suspension of Certain Quota Provisions.--The joint resolution 
entitled ``A joint resolution relating to corn and wheat marketing 
quotas under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended'', 
approved May 26, 1941 (7 U.S.C. 1330, 1340), shall not be applicable to 
the crops of wheat planted for harvest in the calendar years 2014 
through 2018.

SEC. 1603. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308) is amended by striking subsections (b) and (c) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(b) Limitation on Payments for Covered Commodities (other Than 
Peanuts).--
            ``(1) In general.--The total amount of payments received, 
        directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity (except a 
        joint venture or general partnership) for any crop year under 
        section 1101(c) of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
        Management Act of 2013 and subsections (b) and (c) of section 
        1107 of such Act (other than peanuts) may not exceed $125,000.
            ``(2) Additional limitation on payments related to upland 
        cotton.--The total amount of direct payments received, directly 
        or indirectly, by a person or legal entity (except a joint 
        venture or a general partnership) for each of the 2014 and 2015 
        crop years under section 1101(c) of the Federal Agriculture 
        Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 may not exceed $40,000.
    ``(c) Limitation on Payments for Peanuts.--The total amount of 
payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity 
(except a joint venture or general partnership) for any crop year under 
subtitle A of title I of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
Management Act of 2013 for peanuts may not exceed $125,000.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 1001(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
        U.S.C. 1308(f)) is amended by striking ``or title XII'' each 
        place it appears in paragraphs (5)(A) and (6)(A) and inserting 
        ``, title I of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
        Management Act of 2013, or title XII''.
            (2) Section 1001C(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
        U.S.C. 1308-3(a)) is amended by inserting ``title I of the 
        Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013,'' 
        after ``2008,''.
    (c) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
beginning with the 2014 crop year.

SEC. 1604. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATION.

    (a) Limitations and Covered Benefits.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Limitations'' 
        and inserting ``Limitations on Commodity and Conservation 
        Programs'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, a person or legal entity shall not be eligible to receive 
        any benefit described in paragraph (2) during a crop, fiscal, 
        or program year, as appropriate, if the average adjusted gross 
        income of the person or legal entity exceeds $950,000.
            ``(2) Covered benefits.--Paragraph (1) applies with respect 
        to a payment or benefit under subtitle A, B, or E of title I, 
        or title II of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
        Management Act of 2013, title II of the Farm Security and Rural 
        Investment Act of 2002, title II of the Food, Conservation, and 
        Energy Act of 2008, title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, 
        section 524(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
        1524(b)), or section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement 
        and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).''.
    (b) Elimination of Unused Definitions.--Paragraph (1) of section 
1001D(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(a)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Average adjusted gross income.--In this section, the 
        term `average adjusted gross income', with respect to a person 
        or legal entity, means the average of the adjusted gross income 
        or comparable measure of the person or legal entity over the 3 
        taxable years preceding the most immediately preceding complete 
        taxable year, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (c) Income Determination.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, the average adjusted gross farm 
                income, and the average adjusted gross nonfarm 
                income'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``, average adjusted 
        gross farm income, and average adjusted gross nonfarm income'' 
        both places it appears;
            (3) in subsection (c) (as redesignated by subsection (c)(2) 
        of this section)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, average 
                adjusted gross farm income, and average adjusted gross 
                nonfarm income'' both places it appears; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraphs 
                (1)(C) and (2)(B) of subsection (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
            (4) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by subsection (c)(2) 
        of this section)--
                    (A) by striking ``paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of 
                subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``, average adjusted gross farm 
                income, or average adjusted gross nonfarm income''.
    (e) Effective Period.--Subsection (e) of section 1001D of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as redesignated by subsection 
(c)(2) of this section, is amended by striking ``2009 through 2012'' 
and inserting ``2014 through 2018''.
    (f) Limitation on Applicability.--Section 1001(d) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended by inserting before the 
period at the end the following: ``or title I of the Federal 
Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013''.
    (g) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect to the 2013 crop, 
fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for each program described in 
paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of subsection (b) of that section (as so 
in effect on that day).

SEC. 1605. GEOGRAPHICALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    Section 1621(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8792(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 1606. PERSONAL LIABILITY OF PRODUCERS FOR DEFICIENCIES.

    Section 164 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7284) is amended by striking ``and title I of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.), and title I of the Federal Agriculture Reform 
and Risk Management Act of 2013''.

SEC. 1607. PREVENTION OF DECEASED INDIVIDUALS RECEIVING PAYMENTS UNDER 
              FARM COMMODITY PROGRAMS.

    (a) Reconciliation.--At least twice each year, the Secretary shall 
reconcile social security numbers of all individuals who receive 
payments under this title, whether directly or indirectly, with the 
Commissioner of Social Security to determined if the individuals are 
alive.
    (b) Preclusion.--The Secretary shall preclude the issuance of 
payments to, and on behalf of, deceased individuals that were not 
eligible for payments.

SEC. 1608. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Missing Punctuation.--Section 359f(c)(1)(B) of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ff(c)(1)(B)) is amended by adding 
a period at the end.
    (b) Erroneous Cross Reference.--
            (1) Amendment.--Section 1603(g) of the Food, Conservation, 
        and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1739) is 
        amended in paragraphs (2) through (6) and the amendments made 
        by those paragraphs by striking ``1703(a)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``1603(a)''.
            (2) Effective date.--This subsection and the amendments 
        made by this subsection take effect as if included in the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 
        Stat. 1651).
    (c) Continued Applicability of Appropriations General Provision.--
Section 767 of division A of Public Law 108-7 (7 U.S.C. 7911 note; 117 
Stat. 48) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``sections 1101 and 1102 of Public 
                Law 107-171'' and inserting ``subtitle A of title I of 
                the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act 
                of 2013''; and
                    (B) by striking ``such section 1102'' and inserting 
                ``such subtitle''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(b) This section, as amended by section 1608(c) of the Federal 
Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, shall take effect 
beginning with the 2014 crop year.''.

SEC. 1609. ASSIGNMENT OF PAYMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The provisions of section 8(g) of the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(g)), relating 
to assignment of payments, shall apply to payments made under this 
title.
    (b) Notice.--The producer making the assignment, or the assignee, 
shall provide the Secretary with notice, in such manner as the 
Secretary may require, of any assignment made under this section.

SEC. 1610. TRACKING OF BENEFITS.

    As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary may track the benefits provided, directly or indirectly, to 
individuals and entities under titles I and II and the amendments made 
by those titles.

SEC. 1611. SIGNATURE AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--In carrying out this title and title II and 
amendments made by those titles, if the Secretary approves a document, 
the Secretary shall not subsequently determine the document is 
inadequate or invalid because of the lack of authority of any person 
signing the document on behalf of the applicant or any other 
individual, entity, general partnership, or joint venture, or the 
documents relied upon were determined inadequate or invalid, unless the 
person signing the program document knowingly and willfully falsified 
the evidence of signature authority or a signature.
    (b) Affirmation.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section prohibits the 
        Secretary from asking a proper party to affirm any document 
        that otherwise would be considered approved under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) No retroactive effect.--A denial of benefits based on a 
        lack of affirmation under paragraph (1) shall not be 
        retroactive with respect to third-party producers who were not 
        the subject of the erroneous representation of authority, if 
        the third-party producers--
                    (A) relied on the prior approval by the Secretary 
                of the documents in good faith; and
                    (B) substantively complied with all program 
                requirements.

SEC. 1612. IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Streamlining.--In implementing this title, the Secretary shall, 
to the maximum extent practicable--
            (1) seek to reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
        producers by streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, and 
        other administrative requirements;
            (2) improve coordination, information sharing, and 
        administrative work with the Risk Management Agency and the 
        Natural Resources Conservation Service; and
            (3) take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
        efficiency and effectiveness of program delivery to producers.
    (b) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall maintain through 
        September 30, 2018, for each covered commodity and upland 
        cotton, base acres and payment yields on a farm established 
        under--
                    (A)(i) in the case of covered commodities and 
                upland cotton, sections 1101 and 1102 of the Farm 
                Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
                7911, 7912); and
                    (ii) in the case of peanuts, section 1302 of that 
                Act (7 U.S.C. 7952); and
                    (B)(i) in the case of covered commodities and 
                upland cotton, sections 1101 and 1102 of the Food, 
                Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8711, 
                8712); and
                    (ii) in the case of peanuts, section 1302 of that 
                Act (7 U.S.C. 8752).
            (2)  Special rule for long grain and medium grain rice.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall maintain 
                separate base acres for long grain rice and medium 
                grain rice.
                    (B) Limitation.--In carrying out this paragraph, 
                the Secretary shall use the same total base acres and 
                payment yields established with respect to rice under 
                sections 1108 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
                of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8718), as in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of this Act, subject to any 
                adjustment under section 1105.
    (c) Implementation.--The Secretary shall make available to the Farm 
Service Agency to carry out this title $100,000,000.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2001. EXTENSION AND ENROLLMENT REQUIREMENTS OF CONSERVATION 
              RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the date of 
        enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' 
        and inserting ``the date of the enactment of the Federal 
        Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraph 
        (3) as paragraph (2);
            (3) by inserting before paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) grasslands that--
                    ``(A) contain forbs or shrubland (including 
                improved rangeland and pastureland) for which grazing 
                is the predominant use;
                    ``(B) are located in an area historically dominated 
                by grasslands; and
                    ``(C) could provide habitat for animal and plant 
                populations of significant ecological value if the land 
                is retained in its current use or restored to a natural 
                condition;'';
            (4) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking ``filterstrips devoted 
        to trees or shrubs'' and inserting ``filterstrips or riparian 
        buffers devoted to trees, shrubs, or grasses''; and
            (5) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) the portion of land in a field not enrolled in the 
        conservation reserve in a case in which--
                    ``(A) more than 50 percent of the land in the field 
                is enrolled as a buffer or filterstrip, or more than 75 
                percent of the land in the field is enrolled as a 
                conservation practice other than as a buffer or 
                filterstrip; and
                    ``(B) the remainder of the field is--
                            ``(i) infeasible to farm; and
                            ``(ii) enrolled at regular rental rates.''.
    (c) Planting Status of Certain Land.--Section 1231(c) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(c)) is amended by striking ``if'' 
and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting ``if, 
during the crop year, the land was devoted to a conserving use.''.
    (d) Enrollment.--Subsection (d) of section 1231 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Enrollment.--
            ``(1) Maximum acreage enrolled.--The Secretary may maintain 
        in the conservation reserve at any one time during--
                    ``(A) fiscal year 2014, no more than 27,500,000 
                acres;
                    ``(B) fiscal year 2015, no more than 26,000,000 
                acres;
                    ``(C) fiscal year 2016, no more than 25,000,000 
                acres;
                    ``(D) fiscal year 2017, no more than 24,000,000 
                acres; and
                    ``(E) fiscal year 2018, no more than 24,000,000 
                acres.
            ``(2) Grasslands.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the 
                limitations in paragraph (1), no more than 2,000,000 
                acres of the land described in subsection (b)(3) may be 
                enrolled in the program at any one time during the 2014 
                through 2018 fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may give priority to 
                land with expiring conservation reserve program 
                contracts.
                    ``(C) Method of enrollment.--In enrolling acres 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall make the 
                program available to owners or operators of eligible 
                land on a continuous enrollment basis with one or more 
                ranking periods.''.
    (e) Duration of Contract.--Section 1231(e) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(e)) is amended by striking paragraphs (2) and 
(3) and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Special rule for certain land.--In the case of land 
        devoted to hardwood trees, shelterbelts, windbreaks, or 
        wildlife corridors under a contract entered into under this 
        subchapter, the owner or operator of the land may, within the 
        limitations prescribed under paragraph (1), specify the 
        duration of the contract.''.
    (f) Conservation Priority Areas.--Section 1231(f) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``watershed areas of the 
        Chesapeake Bay Region, the Great Lakes Region, the Long Island 
        Sound Region, and other'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``watersheds.--
        Watersheds'' and inserting ``areas.--Areas''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``a watershed's 
        designation--'' and all that follows through the period at the 
        end and inserting ``an area's designation if the Secretary 
        finds that the area no longer contains actual and significant 
        adverse water quality or habitat impacts related to 
        agricultural production activities.''.

SEC. 2002. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1231B(a)(1) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(a)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``a program'' and inserting ``a farmable 
        wetland program''.
    (b) Eligible Acreage.--Section 1231B(b)(1)(B) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(1)(B)) is amended by striking ``flow 
from a row crop agriculture drainage system'' and inserting ``surface 
and subsurface flow from row crop agricultural production''.
    (c) Acreage Limitation.--Section 1231B(c)(1)(B) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(c)(1)(B)) is amended by striking 
``1,000,000'' and inserting ``750,000''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The heading of section 1231B of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b) is amended to read as follows: 
``farmable wetland program''.

SEC. 2003. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.

    (a) Limitation on Harvesting, Grazing, or Commercial Use of 
Forage.--Section 1232(a)(8) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3832(a)(8)) is amended by striking ``except that'' and all that follows 
through the semicolon at the end of the paragraph and inserting 
``except as provided in subsection (b) or (c) of section 1233;''.
    (b) Conservation Plan Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 1232 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Conservation Plans.--The plan referred to in subsection 
(a)(1) shall set forth--
            ``(1) the conservation measures and practices to be carried 
        out by the owner or operator during the term of the contract; 
        and
            ``(2) the commercial use, if any, to be permitted on the 
        land during the term.''.
    (c) Rental Payment Reduction.--Section 1232 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended by striking subsection (d).

SEC. 2004. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1233. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    ``(a) Cost-share and Rental Payments.--In return for a contract 
entered into by an owner or operator under the conservation reserve 
program, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) share the cost of carrying out the conservation 
        measures and practices set forth in the contract for which the 
        Secretary determines that cost sharing is appropriate and in 
        the public interest; and
            ``(2) for a period of years not in excess of the term of 
        the contract, pay an annual rental payment in an amount 
        necessary to compensate for--
                    ``(A) the conversion of highly erodible cropland or 
                other eligible lands normally devoted to the production 
                of an agricultural commodity on a farm or ranch to a 
                less intensive use;
                    ``(B) the retirement of any base history that the 
                owner or operator agrees to retire permanently; and
                    ``(C) the development and management of grasslands 
                for multiple natural resource conservation benefits, 
                including to soil, water, air, and wildlife.
    ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--The Secretary shall permit 
certain activities or commercial uses of land that is subject to a 
contract under the conservation reserve program in a manner that is 
consistent with a plan approved by the Secretary, as follows:
            ``(1) Harvesting, grazing, or other commercial use of the 
        forage in response to a drought or other emergency created by a 
        natural disaster, without any reduction in the rental rate.
            ``(2) Consistent with the conservation of soil, water 
        quality, and wildlife habitat (including habitat during nesting 
        seasons for birds in the area), and in exchange for a reduction 
        of not less than 25 percent in the annual rental rate for the 
        acres covered by the authorized activity--
                    ``(A) managed harvesting and other commercial use 
                (including the managed harvesting of biomass), except 
                that in permitting managed harvesting, the Secretary, 
                in coordination with the State technical committee--
                            ``(i) shall develop appropriate vegetation 
                        management requirements; and
                            ``(ii) shall identify periods during which 
                        managed harvesting may be conducted, such that 
                        the frequency is not more than once every three 
                        years;
                    ``(B) routine grazing or prescribed grazing for the 
                control of invasive species, except that in permitting 
                such routine grazing or prescribed grazing, the 
                Secretary, in coordination with the State technical 
                committee--
                            ``(i) shall develop appropriate vegetation 
                        management requirements and stocking rates for 
                        the land that are suitable for continued 
                        routine grazing; and
                            ``(ii) shall identify the periods during 
                        which routine grazing may be conducted, such 
                        that the frequency is not more than once every 
                        two years, taking into consideration regional 
                        differences such as--
                                    ``(I) climate, soil type, and 
                                natural resources;
                                    ``(II) the number of years that 
                                should be required between routine 
                                grazing activities; and
                                    ``(III) how often during a year in 
                                which routine grazing is permitted that 
                                routine grazing should be allowed to 
                                occur; and
                    ``(C) the installation of wind turbines and 
                associated access, except that in permitting the 
                installation of wind turbines, the Secretary shall 
                determine the number and location of wind turbines that 
                may be installed, taking into account--
                            ``(i) the location, size, and other 
                        physical characteristics of the land;
                            ``(ii) the extent to which the land 
                        contains wildlife and wildlife habitat; and
                            ``(iii) the purposes of the conservation 
                        reserve program under this subchapter.
            ``(3) The intermittent and seasonal use of vegetative 
        buffer practices incidental to agricultural production on lands 
        adjacent to the buffer such that the permitted use does not 
        destroy the permanent vegetative cover.
    ``(c) Authorized Activities on Grasslands.--For eligible land 
described in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall permit the 
following activities:
            ``(1) Common grazing practices, including maintenance and 
        necessary cultural practices, on the land in a manner that is 
        consistent with maintaining the viability of grassland, forb, 
        and shrub species appropriate to that locality.
            ``(2) Haying, mowing, or harvesting for seed production, 
        subject to appropriate restrictions during the nesting season 
        for critical bird species in the area.
            ``(3) Fire presuppression, fire-related rehabilitation, and 
        construction of fire breaks.
            ``(4) Grazing-related activities, such as fencing and 
        livestock watering.
    ``(d) Resource Conserving Use.--
            ``(1) In general.--Beginning on the date that is 1 year 
        before the date of termination of a contract under the program, 
        the Secretary shall allow an owner or operator to make 
        conservation and land improvements that facilitate maintaining 
        protection of enrolled land after expiration of the contract.
            ``(2) Conservation plan.--The Secretary shall require an 
        owner or operator carrying out the activities described in 
        paragraph (1) to develop and implement a conservation plan.
            ``(3) Re-enrollment prohibited.--Land improved under 
        paragraph (1) may not be re-enrolled in the conservation 
        reserve program for 5 years after the date of termination of 
        the contract.''.

SEC. 2005. PAYMENTS.

    (a) Trees, Windbreaks, Shelterbelts, and Wildlife Corridors.--
Section 1234(b)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3834(b)(3)(A)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) by striking clause (ii); and
            (3) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).
    (b) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(c) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or other eligible 
        lands'' after ``highly erodible cropland'' both places it 
        appears; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(2) Methods of determination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amounts payable to owners or 
                operators in the form of rental payments under 
                contracts entered into under this subchapter may be 
                determined through--
                            ``(i) the submission of bids for such 
                        contracts by owners and operators in such 
                        manner as the Secretary may prescribe; or
                            ``(ii) such other means as the Secretary 
                        determines are appropriate.
                    ``(B) Grasslands.--In the case of eligible land 
                described in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall 
                make annual payments in an amount that is not more than 
                75 percent of the grazing value of the land covered by 
                the contract.''.
    (c) Payment Schedule.--Subsection (d) of section 1234 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Payment Schedule.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        section, payments under this subchapter shall be made in cash 
        in such amount and on such time schedule as is agreed on and 
        specified in the contract.
            ``(2) Advance payment.--Payments under this subchapter may 
        be made in advance of determination of performance.''.
    (d) Payment Limitation.--Section 1234(f) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, including rental 
        payments made in the form of in-kind commodities,'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (2).

SEC. 2006. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Early Termination by Owner or Operator.--Section 1235(e) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``During fiscal year 2014, the Secretary''; and
                    (B) by striking ``before January 1, 1995,'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Land devoted to hardwood trees.
                    ``(D) Wildlife habitat, duck nesting habitat, 
                pollinator habitat, upland bird habitat buffer, 
                wildlife food plots, State acres for wildlife 
                enhancement, shallow water areas for wildlife, and rare 
                and declining habitat.
                    ``(E) Farmable wetland and restored wetland.
                    ``(F) Land that contains diversions, erosion 
                control structures, flood control structures, contour 
                grass strips, living snow fences, salinity reducing 
                vegetation, cross wind trap strips, and sediment 
                retention structures.
                    ``(G) Land located within a federally-designated 
                wellhead protection area.
                    ``(H) Land that is covered by an easement under the 
                conservation reserve program.
                    ``(I) Land located within an average width, 
                according to the applicable Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service field office technical guide, of a 
                perennial stream or permanent water body.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``60 days after the date 
        on which the owner or operator submits the notice required 
        under paragraph (1)(C)'' and inserting ``upon approval by the 
        Secretary''.
    (b) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--Section 
1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(f)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``Duties'' and all that follows through ``a 
                beginning farmer'' and inserting ``Transition to 
                covered farmer or rancher.--In the case of a contract 
                modification approved in order to facilitate the 
                transfer of land subject to a contract from a retired 
                farmer or rancher to a beginning farmer'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting ``, 
                including preparing to plant an agricultural crop'' 
                after ``improvements'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the farmer 
                or rancher'' and inserting ``the covered farmer or 
                rancher''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``section 
                1001A(b)(3)(B)'' and inserting ``section 1001''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``requirement of section 
        1231(h)(4)(B)'' and inserting ``option pursuant to section 
        1234(c)(2)(A)(ii)''.
    (c) Final Year Contract.--Section 1235 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(g) Final Year of Contract.--The Secretary shall not consider an 
owner or operator to be in violation of a term or condition of the 
conservation reserve contract if--
            ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the contract, 
        the land is enrolled in the conservation stewardship program; 
        and
            ``(2) the activity required under the conservation 
        stewardship program pursuant to such enrollment is consistent 
        with this subchapter.
    ``(h) Land Enrolled in Agricultural Conservation Easement 
Program.--The Secretary may terminate or modify a contract entered into 
under this subchapter if eligible land that is subject to such contract 
is transferred into the agricultural conservation easement program 
under subtitle H.''.

SEC. 2007. CONVERSION OF LAND SUBJECT TO CONTRACT TO OTHER CONSERVING 
              USES.

    Section 1235A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835a) is 
repealed.

SEC. 2008. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) In General.--The amendments made by this subtitle shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013, except the amendment made by section 
2001(d), which shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (b) Effect on Existing Contracts.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        amendments made by this subtitle shall not affect the validity 
        or terms of any contract entered into by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
        title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et 
        seq.) before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be 
        made in connection with the contract.
            (2) Updating of existing contracts.--The Secretary shall 
        permit an owner or operator of land subject to a contract 
        entered into under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
        title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et 
        seq.) before October 1, 2013, to update the contract to reflect 
        the activities and uses of land under contract permitted under 
        the terms and conditions of section 1233(b) of that Act (as 
        amended by section 2004), as determined appropriate by the 
        Secretary.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

SEC. 2101. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Revision of Current Program.--Subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3838d et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

            ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program

``SEC. 1238D. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subchapter:
            ``(1) Agricultural operation.--The term `agricultural 
        operation' means all eligible land, whether or not contiguous, 
        that is--
                    ``(A) under the effective control of a producer at 
                the time the producer enters into a contract under the 
                program; and
                    ``(B) operated with equipment, labor, management, 
                and production or cultivation practices that are 
                substantially separate from other agricultural 
                operations, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Conservation activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `conservation 
                activities' means conservation systems, practices, or 
                management measures.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `conservation 
                activities' includes--
                            ``(i) structural measures, vegetative 
                        measures, and land management measures, 
                        including agriculture drainage management 
                        systems, as determined by the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) planning needed to address a 
                        priority resource concern.
            ``(3) Conservation stewardship plan.--The term 
        `conservation stewardship plan' means a plan that--
                    ``(A) identifies and inventories priority resource 
                concerns;
                    ``(B) establishes benchmark data and conservation 
                objectives;
                    ``(C) describes conservation activities to be 
                implemented, managed, or improved; and
                    ``(D) includes a schedule and evaluation plan for 
                the planning, installation, and management of the new 
                and existing conservation activities.
            ``(4) Eligible land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means--
                            ``(i) private or tribal land on which 
                        agricultural commodities, livestock, or forest-
                        related products are produced; and
                            ``(ii) lands associated with the land 
                        described in clause (i) on which priority 
                        resource concerns could be addressed through a 
                        contract under the program.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' 
                includes--
                            ``(i) cropland;
                            ``(ii) grassland;
                            ``(iii) rangeland;
                            ``(iv) pasture land;
                            ``(v) nonindustrial private forest land; 
                        and
                            ``(vi) other agricultural areas (including 
                        cropped woodland, marshes, and agricultural 
                        land used or capable of being used for the 
                        production of livestock), as determined by the 
                        Secretary.
            ``(5) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority 
        resource concern' means a natural resource concern or problem, 
        as determined by the Secretary, that--
                    ``(A) is identified at the national, State, or 
                local level as a priority for a particular area of a 
                State;
                    ``(B) represents a significant concern in a State 
                or region; and
                    ``(C) is likely to be addressed successfully 
                through the implementation of conservation activities 
                under this program.
            ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the conservation 
        stewardship program established by this subchapter.
            ``(7) Stewardship threshold.--The term `stewardship 
        threshold' means the level of management required, as 
        determined by the Secretary, to conserve and improve the 
        quality and condition of a natural resource.

``SEC. 1238E. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment and Purpose.--During each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018, the Secretary shall carry out a conservation stewardship 
program to encourage producers to address priority resource concerns in 
a comprehensive manner--
            ``(1) by undertaking additional conservation activities; 
        and
            ``(2) by improving, maintaining, and managing existing 
        conservation activities.
    ``(b) Exclusions.--
            ``(1) Land enrolled in other conservation programs.--
        Subject to paragraph (2), the following land (even if covered 
        by the definition of eligible land) is not eligible for 
        enrollment in the program:
                    ``(A) Land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                program, unless--
                            ``(i) the conservation reserve contract 
                        will expire at the end of the fiscal year in 
                        which the land is to be enrolled in the 
                        program; and
                            ``(ii) conservation reserve program 
                        payments for land enrolled in the program cease 
                        before the first program payment is made to the 
                        applicant under this subchapter.
                    ``(B) Land enrolled in a wetland easement through 
                the agricultural conservation easement program.
                    ``(C) Land enrolled in the conservation security 
                program.
            ``(2) Conversion to cropland.--Eligible land used for crop 
        production after October 1, 2013, that had not been planted, 
        considered to be planted, or devoted to crop production for at 
        least 4 of the 6 years preceding that date shall not be the 
        basis for any payment under the program, unless the land does 
        not meet the requirement because--
                    ``(A) the land had previously been enrolled in the 
                conservation reserve program;
                    ``(B) the land has been maintained using long-term 
                crop rotation practices, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                    ``(C) the land is incidental land needed for 
                efficient operation of the farm or ranch, as determined 
                by the Secretary.

``SEC. 1238F. STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS.

    ``(a) Submission of Contract Offers.--To be eligible to participate 
in the conservation stewardship program, a producer shall submit to the 
Secretary a contract offer for the agricultural operation that--
            ``(1) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary 
        that the producer, at the time of the contract offer, meets or 
        exceeds the stewardship threshold for at least 2 priority 
        resource concerns; and
            ``(2) would, at a minimum, meet or exceed the stewardship 
        threshold for at least 1 additional priority resource concern 
        by the end of the stewardship contract by--
                    ``(A) installing and adopting additional 
                conservation activities; and
                    ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing existing 
                conservation activities across the entire agricultural 
                operation in a manner that increases or extends the 
                conservation benefits in place at the time the contract 
                offer is accepted by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Evaluation of Contract Offers.--
            ``(1) Ranking of applications.--In evaluating contract 
        offers submitted under subsection (a), the Secretary shall rank 
        applications based on--
                    ``(A) the level of conservation treatment on all 
                applicable priority resource concerns at the time of 
                application;
                    ``(B) the degree to which the proposed conservation 
                activities effectively increase conservation 
                performance;
                    ``(C) the number of applicable priority resource 
                concerns proposed to be treated to meet or exceed the 
                stewardship threshold by the end of the contract;
                    ``(D) the extent to which other priority resource 
                concerns will be addressed to meet or exceed the 
                stewardship threshold by the end of the contract 
                period;
                    ``(E) the extent to which the actual and 
                anticipated conservation benefits from the contract are 
                provided at the least cost relative to other similarly 
                beneficial contract offers; and
                    ``(F) the extent to which priority resource 
                concerns will be addressed when transitioning from the 
                conservation reserve program to agricultural 
                production.
            ``(2) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not assign a higher 
        priority to any application because the applicant is willing to 
        accept a lower payment than the applicant would otherwise be 
        eligible to receive.
            ``(3) Additional criteria.--The Secretary may develop and 
        use such additional criteria that the Secretary determines are 
        necessary to ensure that national, State, and local priority 
        resource concerns are effectively addressed.
    ``(c) Entering Into Contracts.--After a determination that a 
producer is eligible for the program under subsection (a), and a 
determination that the contract offer ranks sufficiently high under the 
evaluation criteria under subsection (b), the Secretary shall enter 
into a conservation stewardship contract with the producer to enroll 
the eligible land to be covered by the contract.
    ``(d) Contract Provisions.--
            ``(1) Term.--A conservation stewardship contract shall be 
        for a term of 5 years.
            ``(2) Required provisions.--The conservation stewardship 
        contract of a producer shall--
                    ``(A) state the amount of the payment the Secretary 
                agrees to make to the producer for each year of the 
                conservation stewardship contract under section 
                1238G(d);
                    ``(B) require the producer--
                            ``(i) to implement a conservation 
                        stewardship plan that describes the program 
                        purposes to be achieved through 1 or more 
                        conservation activities;
                            ``(ii) to maintain and supply information 
                        as required by the Secretary to determine 
                        compliance with the conservation stewardship 
                        plan and any other requirements of the program; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) not to conduct any activities on 
                        the agricultural operation that would tend to 
                        defeat the purposes of the program;
                    ``(C) permit all economic uses of the eligible land 
                that--
                            ``(i) maintain the agricultural nature of 
                        the land; and
                            ``(ii) are consistent with the conservation 
                        purposes of the conservation stewardship 
                        contract;
                    ``(D) include a provision to ensure that a producer 
                shall not be considered in violation of the contract 
                for failure to comply with the contract due to 
                circumstances beyond the control of the producer, 
                including a disaster or related condition, as 
                determined by the Secretary;
                    ``(E) include provisions requiring that upon the 
                violation of a term or condition of the contract at any 
                time the producer has control of the land--
                            ``(i) if the Secretary determines that the 
                        violation warrants termination of the 
                        contract--
                                    ``(I) the producer shall forfeit 
                                all rights to receive payments under 
                                the contract; and
                                    ``(II) the producer shall refund 
                                all or a portion of the payments 
                                received by the producer under the 
                                contract, including any interest on the 
                                payments, as determined by the 
                                Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) if the Secretary determines that the 
                        violation does not warrant termination of the 
                        contract, the producer shall refund or accept 
                        adjustments to the payments provided to the 
                        producer, as the Secretary determines to be 
                        appropriate;
                    ``(F) include provisions in accordance with 
                paragraphs (3) and (4) of this section; and
                    ``(G) include any additional provisions the 
                Secretary determines are necessary to carry out the 
                program.
            ``(3) Change of interest in land subject to a contract.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At the time of application, a 
                producer shall have control of the eligible land to be 
                enrolled in the program. Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), a change in the interest of a 
                producer in eligible land covered by a contract under 
                the program shall result in the termination of the 
                contract with regard to that land.
                    ``(B) Transfer of duties and rights.--Subparagraph 
                (A) shall not apply if--
                            ``(i) within a reasonable period of time 
                        (as determined by the Secretary) after the date 
                        of the change in the interest in eligible land 
                        covered by a contract under the program, the 
                        transferee of the land provides written notice 
                        to the Secretary that all duties and rights 
                        under the contract have been transferred to, 
                        and assumed by, the transferee for the portion 
                        of the land transferred;
                            ``(ii) the transferee meets the eligibility 
                        requirements of the program; and
                            ``(iii) the Secretary approves the transfer 
                        of all duties and rights under the contract.
            ``(4) Modification and termination of contracts.--
                    ``(A) Voluntary modification or termination.--The 
                Secretary may modify or terminate a contract with a 
                producer if--
                            ``(i) the producer agrees to the 
                        modification or termination; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary determines that the 
                        modification or termination is in the public 
                        interest.
                    ``(B) Involuntary termination.--The Secretary may 
                terminate a contract if the Secretary determines that 
                the producer violated the contract.
            ``(5) Repayment.--If a contract is terminated, the 
        Secretary may, consistent with the purposes of the program--
                    ``(A) allow the producer to retain payments already 
                received under the contract; or
                    ``(B) require repayment, in whole or in part, of 
                payments received and assess liquidated damages.
    ``(e) Contract Renewal.--At the end of the initial 5-year contract 
period, the Secretary may allow the producer to renew the contract for 
1 additional 5-year period if the producer--
            ``(1) demonstrates compliance with the terms of the initial 
        contract;
            ``(2) agrees to adopt and continue to integrate 
        conservation activities across the entire agricultural 
        operation, as determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(3) agrees, by the end of the contract period--
                    ``(A) to meet the stewardship threshold of at least 
                two additional priority resource concerns on the 
                agricultural operation; or
                    ``(B) to exceed the stewardship threshold of two 
                existing priority resource concerns that are specified 
                by the Secretary in the initial contract.

``SEC. 1238G. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    ``(a) In General.--To achieve the conservation goals of a contract 
under the conservation stewardship program, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) make the program available to eligible producers on a 
        continuous enrollment basis with 1 or more ranking periods, one 
        of which shall occur in the first quarter of each fiscal year;
            ``(2) identify not less than 5 priority resource concerns 
        in a particular watershed or other appropriate region or area 
        within a State; and
            ``(3) establish a science-based stewardship threshold for 
        each priority resource concern identified under paragraph (2).
    ``(b) Allocation to States.--The Secretary shall allocate acres to 
States for enrollment, based--
            ``(1) primarily on each State's proportion of eligible land 
        to the total acreage of eligible land in all States; and
            ``(2) also on consideration of--
                    ``(A) the extent and magnitude of the conservation 
                needs associated with agricultural production in each 
                State;
                    ``(B) the degree to which implementation of the 
                program in the State is, or will be, effective in 
                helping producers address those needs; and
                    ``(C) other considerations to achieve equitable 
                geographic distribution of funds, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
    ``(c) Acreage Enrollment Limitation.--During the period beginning 
on October 1, 2013, and ending on September 30, 2021, the Secretary 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(1) enroll in the program an additional 8,695,000 acres 
        for each fiscal year; and
            ``(2) manage the program to achieve a national average rate 
        of $18 per acre, which shall include the costs of all financial 
        assistance, technical assistance, and any other expenses 
        associated with enrollment or participation in the program.
    ``(d) Conservation Stewardship Payments.--
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary shall 
        provide annual payments under the program to compensate the 
        producer for--
                    ``(A) installing and adopting additional 
                conservation activities; and
                    ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing 
                conservation activities in place at the agricultural 
                operation of the producer at the time the contract 
                offer is accepted by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Payment amount.--The amount of the conservation 
        stewardship annual payment shall be determined by the Secretary 
        and based, to the maximum extent practicable, on the following 
        factors:
                    ``(A) Costs incurred by the producer associated 
                with planning, design, materials, installation, labor, 
                management, maintenance, or training.
                    ``(B) Income forgone by the producer.
                    ``(C) Expected conservation benefits.
                    ``(D) The extent to which priority resource 
                concerns will be addressed through the installation and 
                adoption of conservation activities on the agricultural 
                operation.
                    ``(E) The level of stewardship in place at the time 
                of application and maintained over the term of the 
                contract.
                    ``(F) The degree to which the conservation 
                activities will be integrated across the entire 
                agricultural operation for all applicable priority 
                resource concerns over the term of the contract.
                    ``(G) Such other factors as determined appropriate 
                by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Exclusions.--A payment to a producer under this 
        subsection shall not be provided for--
                    ``(A) the design, construction, or maintenance of 
                animal waste storage or treatment facilities or 
                associated waste transport or transfer devices for 
                animal feeding operations; or
                    ``(B) conservation activities for which there is no 
                cost incurred or income forgone to the producer.
            ``(4) Delivery of payments.--In making payments under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable--
                    ``(A) prorate conservation performance over the 
                term of the contract so as to accommodate, to the 
                extent practicable, producers earning equal annual 
                payments in each fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) make payments as soon as practicable after 
                October 1 of each fiscal year for activities carried 
                out in the previous fiscal year.
    ``(e) Supplemental Payments for Resource-conserving Crop 
Rotations.--
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary shall 
        provide additional payments to producers that, in participating 
        in the program, agree to adopt or improve resource-conserving 
        crop rotations to achieve beneficial crop rotations as 
        appropriate for the eligible land of the producers.
            ``(2) Beneficial crop rotations.--The Secretary shall 
        determine whether a resource-conserving crop rotation is a 
        beneficial crop rotation eligible for additional payments under 
        paragraph (1) based on whether the resource-conserving crop 
        rotation is designed to provide natural resource conservation 
        and production benefits.
            ``(3) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a payment 
        described in paragraph (1), a producer shall agree to adopt and 
        maintain beneficial resource-conserving crop rotations for the 
        term of the contract.
            ``(4) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--In this 
        subsection, the term `resource-conserving crop rotation' means 
        a crop rotation that--
                    ``(A) includes at least 1 resource conserving crop 
                (as defined by the Secretary);
                    ``(B) reduces erosion;
                    ``(C) improves soil fertility and tilth;
                    ``(D) interrupts pest cycles; and
                    ``(E) in applicable areas, reduces depletion of 
                soil moisture or otherwise reduces the need for 
                irrigation.
    ``(f) Payment Limitations.--A person or legal entity may not 
receive, directly or indirectly, payments under the program that, in 
the aggregate, exceed $200,000 under all contracts entered into during 
fiscal years 2013 through 2017, excluding funding arrangements with 
Indian tribes, regardless of the number of contracts entered into under 
the program by the person or legal entity.
    ``(g) Specialty Crop and Organic Producers.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that outreach and technical assistance are available, and 
program specifications are appropriate to enable specialty crop and 
organic producers to participate in the program.
    ``(h) Coordination With Organic Certification.--The Secretary shall 
establish a transparent means by which producers may initiate organic 
certification under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
6501 et seq.) while participating in a contract under the program.
    ``(i) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
that--
            ``(1) prescribe such other rules as the Secretary 
        determines to be necessary to ensure a fair and reasonable 
        application of the limitations established under subsection 
        (f); and
            ``(2) otherwise enable the Secretary to carry out the 
        program.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.
    (c) Effect on Existing Contracts.--
            (1) In general.--The amendment made by this section shall 
        not affect the validity or terms of any contract entered into 
        by the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter B of chapter 2 
        of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) before October 1, 2013, or any payments 
        required to be made in connection with the contract.
            (2) Conservation stewardship program.--Funds made available 
        under section 1241(a)(4) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) (as amended by section 2601(a) of this 
        title) may be used to administer and make payments to program 
        participants that enrolled into contracts during any of fiscal 
        years 2009 through 2013.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

SEC. 2201. PURPOSES.

    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C) and, in such subparagraph, by 
                inserting ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) developing and improving wildlife habitat; 
                and'';
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        period; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 2202. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1240B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2014'' and inserting 
        ``2018'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Term.--A contract under the program shall have a term 
        that does not exceed 10 years.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by inserting ``, veteran farmer or rancher 
                (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
                U.S.C. 2279(e))),'' before ``or a beginning farmer or 
                rancher''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Advance payments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not more than 50 percent 
                        of the amount determined under subparagraph (A) 
                        may be provided in advance for the purpose of 
                        purchasing materials or contracting.
                            ``(ii) Return of funds.--If funds provided 
                        in advance are not expended during the 90-day 
                        period beginning on the date of receipt of the 
                        funds, the funds shall be returned within a 
                        reasonable time frame, as determined by the 
                        Secretary.'';
            (4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(f) Allocation of Funding.--
            ``(1) Livestock.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018, at least 60 percent of the funds made available for 
        payments under the program shall be targeted at practices 
        relating to livestock production.
            ``(2) Wildlife habitat.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, 5 percent of the funds made available for 
        payments under the program shall be targeted at practices 
        benefitting wildlife habitat.'';
            (5) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Federally Recognized Native American Indian Tribes 
                and Alaska Native Corporations'' and inserting ``Indian 
                Tribes'';
                    (B) by striking ``federally recognized Native 
                American Indian Tribes and Alaska Native Corporations 
                (including their affiliated membership organizations)'' 
                and inserting ``Indian tribes''; and
                    (C) by striking ``or Native Corporation''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Practice.--The Secretary shall 
provide payments under the program for conservation practices that 
support the restoration, development, and improvement of wildlife 
habitat on eligible land, including--
            ``(1) upland wildlife habitat;
            ``(2) wetland wildlife habitat;
            ``(3) habitat for threatened and endangered species;
            ``(4) fish habitat;
            ``(5) habitat on pivot corners and other irregular areas of 
        a field; and
            ``(6) other types of wildlife habitat, as determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 2203. EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-3(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``environmental'' and 
        inserting ``conservation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``purpose of the 
        environmental quality incentives program specified in section 
        1240(1)'' and inserting ``purposes of the program''.

SEC. 2204. DUTIES OF PRODUCERS.

    Section 1240D(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-4(2)) is amended by striking ``farm, ranch, or forest'' and 
inserting ``enrolled''.

SEC. 2205. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-7) 
is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1240G. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

    ``A person or legal entity may not receive, directly or indirectly, 
cost share or incentive payments under this chapter that, in aggregate, 
exceed $450,000 for all contracts entered into under this chapter by 
the person or legal entity during the period of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018, regardless of the number of contracts entered into under 
this chapter by the person or legal entity.''.

SEC. 2206. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) facilitate on-farm conservation research and 
                demonstration activities; and
                    ``(F) facilitate pilot testing of new technologies 
                or innovative conservation practices.''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(b) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and every two 
years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives a report on the status of 
projects funded under this section, including--
            ``(1) funding awarded;
            ``(2) project results; and
            ``(3) incorporation of project findings, such as new 
        technology and innovative approaches, into the conservation 
        efforts implemented by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 2207. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) In General.--The amendments made by this subtitle shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.
    (b) Effect on Existing Contracts.--The amendments made by this 
subtitle shall not affect the validity or terms of any contract entered 
into by the Secretary of Agriculture under chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) 
before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be made in 
connection with the contract.

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2301. AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subtitle:

        ``Subtitle H--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

``SEC. 1265. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an agricultural 
conservation easement program for the conservation of eligible land and 
natural resources through easements or other interests in land.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are to--
            ``(1) combine the purposes and coordinate the functions of 
        the wetlands reserve program established under section 1237, 
        the grassland reserve program established under section 1238N, 
        and the farmland protection program established under section 
        1238I, as such sections were in effect on September 30, 2013;
            ``(2) restore, protect, and enhance wetlands on eligible 
        land;
            ``(3) protect the agricultural use and related conservation 
        values of eligible land by limiting nonagricultural uses of 
        that land; and
            ``(4) protect grazing uses and related conservation values 
        by restoring and conserving eligible land.

``SEC. 1265A. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) Agricultural land easement.--The term `agricultural 
        land easement' means an easement or other interest in eligible 
        land that--
                    ``(A) is conveyed for the purpose of protecting 
                natural resources and the agricultural nature of the 
                land; and
                    ``(B) permits the landowner the right to continue 
                agricultural production and related uses subject to an 
                agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) an agency of State or local government or an 
                Indian tribe (including a farmland protection board or 
                land resource council established under State law); or
                    ``(B) an organization that is--
                            ``(i) organized for, and at all times since 
                        the formation of the organization has been 
                        operated principally for, 1 or more of the 
                        conservation purposes specified in clause (i), 
                        (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 170(h)(4)(A) of 
                        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
                            ``(ii) an organization described in section 
                        501(c)(3) of that Code that is exempt from 
                        taxation under section 501(a) of that Code; or
                            ``(iii) described in--
                                    ``(I) paragraph (1) or (2) of 
                                section 509(a) of that Code; or
                                    ``(II) section 509(a)(3) of that 
                                Code and is controlled by an 
                                organization described in section 
                                509(a)(2) of that Code.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means 
        private or tribal land that is--
                    ``(A) in the case of an agricultural land easement, 
                agricultural land, including land on a farm or ranch--
                            ``(i) that is subject to a pending offer 
                        for purchase of an agricultural land easement 
                        from an eligible entity;
                            ``(ii) that--
                                    ``(I) has prime, unique, or other 
                                productive soil;
                                    ``(II) contains historical or 
                                archaeological resources; or
                                    ``(III) the protection of which 
                                will further a State or local policy 
                                consistent with the purposes of the 
                                program; and
                            ``(iii) that is--
                                    ``(I) cropland;
                                    ``(II) rangeland;
                                    ``(III) grassland or land that 
                                contains forbs, or shrubland for which 
                                grazing is the predominate use;
                                    ``(IV) pastureland; or
                                    ``(V) nonindustrial private forest 
                                land that contributes to the economic 
                                viability of an offered parcel or 
                                serves as a buffer to protect such land 
                                from development;
                    ``(B) in the case of a wetland easement, a wetland 
                or related area, including--
                            ``(i) farmed or converted wetlands, 
                        together with adjacent land that is 
                        functionally dependent on that land, if the 
                        Secretary determines it--
                                    ``(I) is likely to be successfully 
                                restored in a cost effective manner; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) will maximize the wildlife 
                                benefits and wetland functions and 
                                values, as determined by the Secretary 
                                in consultation with the Secretary of 
                                the Interior at the local level;
                            ``(ii) cropland or grassland that was used 
                        for agricultural production prior to flooding 
                        from the natural overflow of--
                                    ``(I) a closed basin lake and 
                                adjacent land that is functionally 
                                dependent upon it, if the State or 
                                other entity is willing to provide 50 
                                percent share of the cost of an 
                                easement;
                                    ``(II) a pothole and adjacent land 
                                that is functionally dependent on it;
                            ``(iii) farmed wetlands and adjoining lands 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) are enrolled in the 
                                conservation reserve program;
                                    ``(II) have the highest wetland 
                                functions and values, as determined by 
                                the Secretary; and
                                    ``(III) are likely to return to 
                                production after they leave the 
                                conservation reserve program;
                            ``(iv) riparian areas that link wetlands 
                        that are protected by easements or some other 
                        device that achieves the same purpose as an 
                        easement; or
                            ``(v) other wetlands of an owner that would 
                        not otherwise be eligible, if the Secretary 
                        determines that the inclusion of such wetlands 
                        in a wetland easement would significantly add 
                        to the functional value of the easement; or
                    ``(C) in the case of either an agricultural land 
                easement or wetland easement, other land that is 
                incidental to land described in subparagraph (A) or 
                (B), if the Secretary determines that it is necessary 
                for the efficient administration of the easements under 
                this program.
            ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means the agricultural 
        conservation easement program established by this subtitle.
            ``(5) Wetland easement.--The term `wetland easement' means 
        a reserved interest in eligible land that--
                    ``(A) is defined and delineated in a deed; and
                    ``(B) stipulates--
                            ``(i) the rights, title, and interests in 
                        land conveyed to the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) the rights, title, and interests in 
                        land that are reserved to the landowner.

``SEC. 1265B. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall facilitate 
and provide funding for--
            ``(1) the purchase by eligible entities of agricultural 
        land easements and other interests in eligible land; and
            ``(2) technical assistance to provide for the conservation 
        of natural resources pursuant to an agricultural land easement 
        plan.
    ``(b) Cost-share Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall protect the 
        agricultural use, including grazing, and related conservation 
        values of eligible land through cost-share assistance to 
        eligible entities for purchasing agricultural land easements.
            ``(2) Scope of assistance available.--
                    ``(A) Federal share.--An agreement described in 
                paragraph (4) shall provide for a Federal share 
                determined by the Secretary of an amount not to exceed 
                50 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural 
                land easement or other interest in land, as determined 
                by the Secretary using--
                            ``(i) the Uniform Standards of Professional 
                        Appraisal Practice;
                            ``(ii) an area-wide market analysis or 
                        survey; or
                            ``(iii) another industry-approved method.
                    ``(B) Non-federal share.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Under the agreement, the 
                        eligible entity shall provide a share that is 
                        at least equivalent to that provided by the 
                        Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Source of contribution.--An eligible 
                        entity may include as part of its share a 
                        charitable donation or qualified conservation 
                        contribution (as defined by section 170(h) of 
                        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) from the 
                        private landowner if the eligible entity 
                        contributes its own cash resources in an amount 
                        that is at least 50 percent of the amount 
                        contributed by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Exception.--In the case of grassland of 
                special environmental significance, as determined by 
                the Secretary, the Secretary may provide an amount not 
                to exceed 75 percent of the fair market value of the 
                agricultural land easement.
            ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--
                    ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish 
                evaluation and ranking criteria to maximize the benefit 
                of Federal investment under the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing the 
                criteria, the Secretary shall emphasize support for--
                            ``(i) protecting agricultural uses and 
                        related conservation values of the land; and
                            ``(ii) maximizing the protection of areas 
                        devoted to agricultural use.
                    ``(C) Bidding down.--If the Secretary determines 
                that 2 or more applications for cost-share assistance 
                are comparable in achieving the purpose of the program, 
                the Secretary shall not assign a higher priority to any 
                of those applications solely on the basis of lesser 
                cost to the program.
            ``(4) Agreements with eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
                agreements with eligible entities to stipulate the 
                terms and conditions under which the eligible entity is 
                permitted to use cost-share assistance provided under 
                this section.
                    ``(B) Length of agreements.--An agreement shall be 
                for a term that is--
                            ``(i) in the case of an eligible entity 
                        certified under the process described in 
                        paragraph (5), a minimum of five years; and
                            ``(ii) for all other eligible entities, at 
                        least three, but not more than five years.
                    ``(C) Minimum terms and conditions.--An eligible 
                entity shall be authorized to use its own terms and 
                conditions for agricultural land easements so long as 
                the Secretary determines such terms and conditions--
                            ``(i) are consistent with the purposes of 
                        the program;
                            ``(ii) permit effective enforcement of the 
                        conservation purposes of such easements;
                            ``(iii) include a right of enforcement for 
                        the Secretary, that may be used only if the 
                        terms of the easement are not enforced by the 
                        holder of the easement;
                            ``(iv) subject the land in which an 
                        interest is purchased to an agricultural land 
                        easement plan that--
                                    ``(I) describes the activities 
                                which promote the long-term viability 
                                of the land to meet the purposes for 
                                which the easement was acquired;
                                    ``(II) requires the management of 
                                grasslands according to a grasslands 
                                management plan; and
                                    ``(III) includes a conservation 
                                plan, where appropriate, and requires, 
                                at the option of the Secretary, the 
                                conversion of highly erodible cropland 
                                to less intensive uses; and
                            ``(v) include a limit on the impervious 
                        surfaces to be allowed that is consistent with 
                        the agricultural activities to be conducted.
                    ``(D) Substitution of qualified projects.--An 
                agreement shall allow, upon mutual agreement of the 
                parties, substitution of qualified projects that are 
                identified at the time of the proposed substitution.
                    ``(E) Effect of violation.--If a violation occurs 
                of a term or condition of an agreement under this 
                subsection--
                            ``(i) the Secretary may terminate the 
                        agreement; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary may require the 
                        eligible entity to refund all or part of any 
                        payments received by the entity under the 
                        program, with interest on the payments as 
                        determined appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Certification of eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) Certification process.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a process under which the Secretary may--
                            ``(i) directly certify eligible entities 
                        that meet established criteria;
                            ``(ii) enter into long-term agreements with 
                        certified eligible entities; and
                            ``(iii) accept proposals for cost-share 
                        assistance for the purchase of agricultural 
                        land easements throughout the duration of such 
                        agreements.
                    ``(B) Certification criteria.--In order to be 
                certified, an eligible entity shall demonstrate to the 
                Secretary that the entity will maintain, at a minimum, 
                for the duration of the agreement--
                            ``(i) a plan for administering easements 
                        that is consistent with the purpose of this 
                        subtitle;
                            ``(ii) the capacity and resources to 
                        monitor and enforce agricultural land 
                        easements; and
                            ``(iii) policies and procedures to ensure--
                                    ``(I) the long-term integrity of 
                                agricultural land easements on eligible 
                                land;
                                    ``(II) timely completion of 
                                acquisitions of such easements; and
                                    ``(III) timely and complete 
                                evaluation and reporting to the 
                                Secretary on the use of funds provided 
                                under the program.
                    ``(C) Review and revision.--
                            ``(i) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct 
                        a review of eligible entities certified under 
                        subparagraph (A) every three years to ensure 
                        that such entities are meeting the criteria 
                        established under subparagraph (B).
                            ``(ii) Revocation.--If the Secretary finds 
                        that the certified eligible entity no longer 
                        meets the criteria established under 
                        subparagraph (B), the Secretary may--
                                    ``(I) allow the certified eligible 
                                entity a specified period of time, at a 
                                minimum 180 days, in which to take such 
                                actions as may be necessary to meet the 
                                criteria; and
                                    ``(II) revoke the certification of 
                                the eligible entity, if after the 
                                specified period of time, the certified 
                                eligible entity does not meet such 
                                criteria.
    ``(c) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll eligible 
land under this section through the use of--
            ``(1) permanent easements; or
            ``(2) easements for the maximum duration allowed under 
        applicable State laws.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide technical 
assistance, if requested, to assist in--
            ``(1) compliance with the terms and conditions of 
        easements; and
            ``(2) implementation of an agricultural land easement plan.

``SEC. 1265C. WETLAND EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
assistance to owners of eligible land to restore, protect, and enhance 
wetlands through--
            ``(1) wetland easements and related wetland easement plans; 
        and
            ``(2) technical assistance.
    ``(b) Easements.--
            ``(1) Method of enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll 
        eligible land under this section through the use of--
                    ``(A) 30-year easements;
                    ``(B) permanent easements;
                    ``(C) easements for the maximum duration allowed 
                under applicable State laws; or
                    ``(D) as an option for Indian tribes only, 30-year 
                contracts (which shall be considered to be 30-year 
                easements for the purposes of this subtitle).
            ``(2) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) Ineligible land.--The Secretary may not 
                acquire easements on--
                            ``(i) land established to trees under the 
                        conservation reserve program, except in cases 
                        where the Secretary determines it would further 
                        the purposes of the program; and
                            ``(ii) farmed wetlands or converted 
                        wetlands where the conversion was not commenced 
                        prior to December 23, 1985.
                    ``(B) Changes in ownership.--No wetland easement 
                shall be created on land that has changed ownership 
                during the preceding 24-month period unless--
                            ``(i) the new ownership was acquired by 
                        will or succession as a result of the death of 
                        the previous owner;
                            ``(ii)(I) the ownership change occurred 
                        because of foreclosure on the land; and
                            ``(II) immediately before the foreclosure, 
                        the owner of the land exercises a right of 
                        redemption from the mortgage holder in 
                        accordance with State law; or
                            ``(iii) the Secretary determines that the 
                        land was acquired under circumstances that give 
                        adequate assurances that such land was not 
                        acquired for the purposes of placing it in the 
                        program.
            ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of offers.--
                    ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish 
                evaluation and ranking criteria to maximize the benefit 
                of Federal investment under the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--When evaluating offers from 
                landowners, the Secretary may consider--
                            ``(i) the conservation benefits of 
                        obtaining a wetland easement, including the 
                        potential environmental benefits if the land 
                        was removed from agricultural production;
                            ``(ii) the cost-effectiveness of each 
                        wetland easement, so as to maximize the 
                        environmental benefits per dollar expended;
                            ``(iii) whether the landowner or another 
                        person is offering to contribute financially to 
                        the cost of the wetland easement to leverage 
                        Federal funds; and
                            ``(iv) such other factors as the Secretary 
                        determines are necessary to carry out the 
                        purposes of the program.
                    ``(C) Priority.--The Secretary shall place priority 
                on acquiring wetland easements based on the value of 
                the wetland easement for protecting and enhancing 
                habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife.
            ``(4) Agreement.--To be eligible to place eligible land 
        into the program through a wetland easement, the owner of such 
        land shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary to--
                    ``(A) grant an easement on such land to the 
                Secretary;
                    ``(B) authorize the implementation of a wetland 
                easement plan developed for the eligible land under 
                subsection (f);
                    ``(C) create and record an appropriate deed 
                restriction in accordance with applicable State law to 
                reflect the easement agreed to;
                    ``(D) provide a written statement of consent to 
                such easement signed by those holding a security 
                interest in the land;
                    ``(E) comply with the terms and conditions of the 
                easement and any related agreements; and
                    ``(F) permanently retire any existing base history 
                for the land on which the easement has been obtained.
            ``(5) Terms and conditions of easement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A wetland easement shall include 
                terms and conditions that--
                            ``(i) permit--
                                    ``(I) repairs, improvements, and 
                                inspections on the land that are 
                                necessary to maintain existing public 
                                drainage systems; and
                                    ``(II) owners to control public 
                                access on the easement areas while 
                                identifying access routes to be used 
                                for restoration activities and 
                                management and easement monitoring;
                            ``(ii) prohibit--
                                    ``(I) the alteration of wildlife 
                                habitat and other natural features of 
                                such land, unless specifically 
                                authorized by the Secretary;
                                    ``(II) the spraying of such land 
                                with chemicals or the mowing of such 
                                land, except where such spraying or 
                                mowing is authorized by the Secretary 
                                or is necessary--
                                            ``(aa) to comply with 
                                        Federal or State noxious weed 
                                        control laws;
                                            ``(bb) to comply with a 
                                        Federal or State emergency pest 
                                        treatment program; or
                                            ``(cc) to meet habitat 
                                        needs of specific wildlife 
                                        species;
                                    ``(III) any activities to be 
                                carried out on the owner's or 
                                successor's land that is immediately 
                                adjacent to, and functionally related 
                                to, the land that is subject to the 
                                easement if such activities will alter, 
                                degrade, or otherwise diminish the 
                                functional value of the eligible land; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) the adoption of any other 
                                practice that would tend to defeat the 
                                purposes of the program, as determined 
                                by the Secretary;
                            ``(iii) provide for the efficient and 
                        effective establishment of wildlife functions 
                        and values; and
                            ``(iv) include such additional provisions 
                        as the Secretary determines are desirable to 
                        carry out the program or facilitate the 
                        practical administration thereof.
                    ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of the terms or 
                conditions of a wetland easement, the wetland easement 
                shall remain in force and the Secretary may require the 
                owner to refund all or part of any payments received by 
                the owner under the program, together with interest 
                thereon as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a wetland 
                easement may be used for compatible economic uses, 
                including such activities as hunting and fishing, 
                managed timber harvest, or periodic haying or grazing, 
                if such use is specifically permitted by the wetland 
                easement plan developed for the land under subsection 
                (f) and is consistent with the long-term protection and 
                enhancement of the wetland resources for which the 
                easement was established.
                    ``(D) Reservation of grazing rights.--The Secretary 
                may include in the terms and conditions of a wetland 
                easement a provision under which the owner reserves 
                grazing rights if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary determines that the 
                        reservation and use of the grazing rights--
                                    ``(I) is compatible with the land 
                                subject to the easement;
                                    ``(II) is consistent with the 
                                historical natural uses of the land and 
                                the long-term protection and 
                                enhancement goals for which the 
                                easement was established; and
                                    ``(III) complies with the wetland 
                                easement plan developed for the land 
                                under subsection (f); and
                            ``(ii) the agreement provides for a 
                        commensurate reduction in the easement payment 
                        to account for the grazing value, as determined 
                        by the Secretary.
            ``(6) Compensation.--
                    ``(A) Determination.--
                            ``(i) Permanent easements.--The Secretary 
                        shall pay as compensation for a permanent 
                        wetland easement acquired under the program an 
                        amount necessary to encourage enrollment in the 
                        program, based on the lowest of--
                                    ``(I) the fair market value of the 
                                land, as determined by the Secretary, 
                                using the Uniform Standards of 
                                Professional Appraisal Practice or an 
                                area-wide market analysis or survey;
                                    ``(II) the amount corresponding to 
                                a geographical cap, as determined by 
                                the Secretary in regulations; or
                                    ``(III) the offer made by the 
                                landowner.
                            ``(ii) 30-year easements.--Compensation for 
                        a 30-year wetland easement shall be not less 
                        than 50 percent, but not more than 75 percent, 
                        of the compensation that would be paid for a 
                        permanent wetland easement.
                    ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a wetland 
                easement shall be provided by the Secretary in the form 
                of a cash payment, in an amount determined under 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Payment schedule.--
                            ``(i) Easements valued at $500,000 or 
                        less.--For wetland easements valued at $500,000 
                        or less, the Secretary may provide easement 
                        payments in not more than 10 annual payments.
                            ``(ii) Easements valued at more than 
                        $500,000.--For wetland easements valued at more 
                        than $500,000, the Secretary may provide 
                        easement payments in at least 5, but not more 
                        than 10 annual payments, except that, if the 
                        Secretary determines it would further the 
                        purposes of the program, the Secretary may make 
                        a lump sum payment for such an easement.
    ``(c) Easement Restoration.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide financial 
        assistance to owners of eligible land to carry out the 
        establishment of conservation measures and practices and 
        protect wetland functions and values, including necessary 
        maintenance activities, as set forth in a wetland easement plan 
        developed for the eligible land under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Payments.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) in the case of a permanent wetland easement, 
                pay an amount that is not less than 75 percent, but not 
                more than 100 percent, of the eligible costs, as 
                determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a 30-year wetland easement, 
                pay an amount that is not less than 50 percent, but not 
                more than 75 percent, of the eligible costs, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall assist owners in 
        complying with the terms and conditions of wetland easements.
            ``(2) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may enter 
        into 1 or more contracts with private entities or agreements 
        with a State, non-governmental organization, or Indian tribe to 
        carry out necessary restoration, enhancement, or maintenance of 
        a wetland easement if the Secretary determines that the 
        contract or agreement will advance the purposes of the program.
    ``(e) Wetland Enhancement Option.--The Secretary may enter into 1 
or more agreements with a State (including a political subdivision or 
agency of a State), nongovernmental organization, or Indian tribe to 
carry out a special wetland enhancement option that the Secretary 
determines would advance the purposes of program.
    ``(f) Administration.--
            ``(1) Wetland easement plan.--The Secretary shall develop a 
        wetland easement plan for eligible lands subject to a wetland 
        easement, which shall include practices and activities 
        necessary to restore, protect, enhance, and maintain the 
        enrolled lands.
            ``(2) Delegation of easement administration.--The Secretary 
        may delegate--
                    ``(A) any of the easement management, monitoring, 
                and enforcement responsibilities of the Secretary to 
                other Federal or State agencies that have the 
                appropriate authority, expertise, and resources 
                necessary to carry out such delegated responsibilities; 
                and
                    ``(B) any of the easement management 
                responsibilities of the Secretary to other conservation 
                organizations if the Secretary determines the 
                organization has the appropriate expertise and 
                resources.
            ``(3) Payments.--
                    ``(A) Timing of payments.--The Secretary shall 
                provide payment for obligations incurred by the 
                Secretary under this section--
                            ``(i) with respect to any easement 
                        restoration obligation under subsection (c), as 
                        soon as possible after the obligation is 
                        incurred; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to any annual easement 
                        payment obligation incurred by the Secretary, 
                        as soon as possible after October 1 of each 
                        calendar year.
                    ``(B) Payments to others.--If an owner who is 
                entitled to a payment under this section dies, becomes 
                incompetent, is otherwise unable to receive such 
                payment, or is succeeded by another person or entity 
                who renders or completes the required performance, the 
                Secretary shall make such payment, in accordance with 
                regulations prescribed by the Secretary and without 
                regard to any other provision of law, in such manner as 
                the Secretary determines is fair and reasonable in 
                light of all of the circumstances.

``SEC. 1265D. ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Ineligible Land.--The Secretary may not use program funds for 
the purposes of acquiring an easement on--
            ``(1) lands owned by an agency of the United States, other 
        than land held in trust for Indian tribes;
            ``(2) lands owned in fee title by a State, including an 
        agency or a subdivision of a State, or a unit of local 
        government;
            ``(3) land subject to an easement or deed restriction 
        which, as determined by the Secretary, provides similar 
        protection as would be provided by enrollment in the program; 
        or
            ``(4) lands where the purposes of the program would be 
        undermined due to on-site or off-site conditions, such as risk 
        of hazardous substances, proposed or existing rights of way, 
        infrastructure development, or adjacent land uses.
    ``(b) Priority.--In evaluating applications under the program, the 
Secretary may give priority to land that is currently enrolled in the 
conservation reserve program in a contract that is set to expire within 
1 year and--
            ``(1) in the case of an agricultural land easement, is 
        grassland that would benefit from protection under a long-term 
        easement; and
            ``(2) in the case of a wetland easement, is a wetland or 
        related area with the highest functions and value and is likely 
        to return to production after the land leaves the conservation 
        reserve program.
    ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and Termination.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may subordinate, exchange, 
        modify, or terminate any interest in land, or portion of such 
        interest, administered by the Secretary, either directly or on 
        behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if 
        the Secretary determines that--
                    ``(A) it is in the Federal Government's interest to 
                subordinate, exchange, modify, or terminate the 
                interest in land;
                    ``(B) the subordination, exchange, modification, or 
                termination action--
                            ``(i) will address a compelling public need 
                        for which there is no practicable alternative; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) such action will further the 
                        practical administration of the program; and
                    ``(C) the subordination, exchange, modification, or 
                termination action will result in comparable 
                conservation value and equivalent or greater economic 
                value to the United States.
            ``(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall work with the 
        owner, and eligible entity if applicable, to address any 
        subordination, exchange, modification, or termination of the 
        interest, or portion of such interest, in land.
            ``(3) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any 
        termination action described in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall provide written notice of such action to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
        on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
    ``(d) Land Enrolled in Conservation Reserve Program.--The Secretary 
may terminate or modify a contract entered into under section 1231(a) 
if eligible land that is subject to such contract is transferred into 
the program.
    ``(e) Allocation of Funds for Agricultural Land Easements.--Of the 
funds made available under section 1241 to carry out the program for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, use for 
agricultural land easements--
            ``(1) no less than 40 percent in each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2017; and
            ``(2) no less than 50 percent in fiscal year 2018.''.
    (b) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--Before an eligible 
entity or owner of eligible land may receive assistance under subtitle 
H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, the eligible entity or 
person shall agree, during the crop year for which the assistance is 
provided and in exchange for the assistance--
            (1) to comply with applicable conservation requirements 
        under subtitle B of title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3811 et 
        seq.); and
            (2) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
        requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 
        U.S.C. 3821 et seq.).
    (c) Cross Reference; Calculation.--Section 1244 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and'' at the end of 
                        subparagraph (A);
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (C);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new subparagraph:
            ``(2) the agricultural conservation easement program 
        established under subtitle H; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``programs administered under subchapters B and 
                        C of chapter 1 of subtitle D'' and inserting 
                        ``conservation reserve program established 
                        under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D 
                        and wetland easements under section 1265C''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``an 
                        easement acquired under subchapter C of chapter 
                        1 of subtitle D'' and inserting ``a wetland 
                        easement under section 1265C''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(5) Calculation.--In calculating the percentages 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include any 
        acreage that was included in calculations of percentages made 
        under such paragraph, as in effect on September 30, 2013, and 
        that remains enrolled when the calculation is made after that 
        date under paragraph (1).''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

         Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2401. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is 
amended by inserting after subtitle H, as added by section 2301, the 
following new subtitle:

        ``Subtitle I--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

``SEC. 1271. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a regional 
conservation partnership program to implement eligible activities on 
eligible land through--
            ``(1) partnership agreements with eligible partners; and
            ``(2) contracts with producers.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are as follows:
            ``(1) To use covered programs to accomplish purposes and 
        functions similar to those of the following programs, as in 
        effect on September 30, 2013:
                    ``(A) The agricultural water enhancement program 
                established under section 1240I.
                    ``(B) The Chesapeake Bay watershed program 
                established under section 1240Q.
                    ``(C) The cooperative conservation partnership 
                initiative established under section 1243.
                    ``(D) The Great Lakes basin program for soil 
                erosion and sediment control established under section 
                1240P.
            ``(2) To further the conservation, restoration, and 
        sustainable use of soil, water, wildlife, and related natural 
        resources on eligible land on a regional or watershed scale.
            ``(3) To encourage eligible partners to cooperate with 
        producers in--
                    ``(A) meeting or avoiding the need for national, 
                State, and local natural resource regulatory 
                requirements related to production on eligible land; 
                and
                    ``(B) implementing projects that will result in the 
                carrying out of eligible activities that affect 
                multiple agricultural or nonindustrial private forest 
                operations on a local, regional, State, or multi-State 
                basis.

``SEC. 1271A. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means 
        the following:
                    ``(A) The agricultural conservation easement 
                program.
                    ``(B) The environmental quality incentives program.
                    ``(C) The conservation stewardship program.
            ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible activity' 
        means any of the following conservation activities:
                    ``(A) Water quality or quantity conservation, 
                restoration, or enhancement projects relating to 
                surface water and groundwater resources, including--
                            ``(i) the conversion of irrigated cropland 
                        to the production of less water-intensive 
                        agricultural commodities or dryland farming; or
                            ``(ii) irrigation system improvement and 
                        irrigation efficiency enhancement.
                    ``(B) Drought mitigation.
                    ``(C) Flood prevention.
                    ``(D) Water retention.
                    ``(E) Air quality improvement.
                    ``(F) Habitat conservation, restoration, and 
                enhancement.
                    ``(G) Erosion control and sediment reduction.
                    ``(H) Other related activities that the Secretary 
                determines will help achieve conservation benefits.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means land 
        on which agricultural commodities, livestock, or forest-related 
        products are produced, including--
                    ``(A) cropland;
                    ``(B) grassland;
                    ``(C) rangeland;
                    ``(D) pastureland;
                    ``(E) nonindustrial private forest land; and
                    ``(F) other land incidental to agricultural 
                production (including wetlands and riparian buffers) on 
                which significant natural resource issues could be 
                addressed under the program.
            ``(4) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible partner' means 
        any of the following:
                    ``(A) An agricultural or silvicultural producer 
                association or other group of producers.
                    ``(B) A State or unit of local government.
                    ``(C) An Indian tribe.
                    ``(D) A farmer cooperative.
                    ``(E) A water district, irrigation district, rural 
                water district or association, or other organization 
                with specific water delivery authority to producers on 
                agricultural land.
                    ``(F) An institution of higher education.
                    ``(G) An organization or entity with an established 
                history of working cooperatively with producers on 
                agricultural land, as determined by the Secretary, to 
                address--
                            ``(i) local conservation priorities related 
                        to agricultural production, wildlife habitat 
                        development, or nonindustrial private forest 
                        land management; or
                            ``(ii) critical watershed-scale soil 
                        erosion, water quality, sediment reduction, or 
                        other natural resource issues.
            ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership 
        agreement' means an agreement entered into under section 1271B 
        between the Secretary and an eligible partner.
            ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the regional 
        conservation partnership program established by this subtitle.

``SEC. 1271B. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

    ``(a) Partnership Agreements Authorized.--The Secretary may enter 
into a partnership agreement with an eligible partner to implement a 
project that will assist producers with installing and maintaining an 
eligible activity on eligible land.
    ``(b) Length.--A partnership agreement shall be for a period not to 
exceed 5 years, except that the Secretary may extend the agreement one 
time for up to 12 months when an extension is necessary to meet the 
objectives of the program.
    ``(c) Duties of Partners.--
            ``(1) In general.--Under a partnership agreement, the 
        eligible partner shall--
                    ``(A) define the scope of a project, including--
                            ``(i) the eligible activities to be 
                        implemented;
                            ``(ii) the potential agricultural or 
                        nonindustrial private forest land operations 
                        affected;
                            ``(iii) the local, State, multi-State, or 
                        other geographic area covered; and
                            ``(iv) the planning, outreach, 
                        implementation, and assessment to be conducted;
                    ``(B) conduct outreach to producers for potential 
                participation in the project;
                    ``(C) at the request of a producer, act on behalf 
                of a producer participating in the project in applying 
                for assistance under section 1271C;
                    ``(D) leverage financial or technical assistance 
                provided by the Secretary with additional funds to help 
                achieve the project objectives;
                    ``(E) conduct an assessment of the project's 
                effects; and
                    ``(F) at the conclusion of the project, report to 
                the Secretary on its results and funds leveraged.
            ``(2) Contribution.--An eligible partner shall provide a 
        significant portion of the overall costs of the scope of the 
        project that is the subject of the agreement entered into under 
        subsection (a), as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Applications.--
            ``(1) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
        competitive process to select applications for partnership 
        agreements and may assess and rank applications with similar 
        conservation purposes as a group.
            ``(2) Criteria used.--In carrying out the process described 
        in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make public the criteria 
        used in evaluating applications.
            ``(3) Content.--An application to the Secretary shall 
        include a description of--
                    ``(A) the scope of the project, as described in 
                subsection (c)(1)(A);
                    ``(B) the plan for monitoring, evaluating, and 
                reporting on progress made towards achieving the 
                project's objectives;
                    ``(C) the program resources requested for the 
                project, including the covered programs to be used and 
                estimated funding needed from the Secretary;
                    ``(D) eligible partners collaborating to achieve 
                project objectives, including their roles, 
                responsibilities, capabilities, and financial 
                contribution; and
                    ``(E) any other elements the Secretary considers 
                necessary to adequately evaluate and competitively 
                select applications for funding under the program.
            ``(4) Priority to certain applications.--The Secretary may 
        give a higher priority to applications that--
                    ``(A) assist producers in meeting or avoiding the 
                need for a natural resource regulatory requirement;
                    ``(B) have a high percentage of eligible producers 
                in the area to be covered by the agreement;
                    ``(C) significantly leverage non-Federal financial 
                and technical resources and coordinate with other 
                local, State, or national efforts;
                    ``(D) deliver high percentages of applied 
                conservation to address conservation priorities or 
                regional, State, or national conservation initiatives;
                    ``(E) provide innovation in conservation methods 
                and delivery, including outcome-based performance 
                measures and methods; or
                    ``(F) meet other factors that are important for 
                achieving the purposes of the program, as determined by 
                the Secretary.

``SEC. 1271C. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall enter into contracts with 
producers to provide financial and technical assistance to--
            ``(1) producers participating in a project with an eligible 
        partner, as described in section 1271B; or
            ``(2) producers that fit within the scope of a project 
        described in section 1271B or a critical conservation area 
        designated under section 1271F, but who are seeking to 
        implement an eligible activity on eligible land independent of 
        a partner.
    ``(b) Terms and Conditions.--
            ``(1) Consistency with program rules.--Except as provided 
        in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall ensure that the terms and 
        conditions of a contract under this section are consistent with 
        the applicable rules of the covered programs to be used as part 
        of the project, as described in the application under section 
        1271B(d)(3)(C).
            ``(2) Adjustments.--Except with respect to statutory 
        program requirements governing appeals, payment limitations, 
        and conservation compliance, the Secretary may adjust the 
        discretionary program rules of a covered program--
                    ``(A)   to provide a simplified application and 
                evaluation process; and
                    ``(B) to better reflect unique local circumstances 
                and purposes if the Secretary determines such 
                adjustments are necessary to achieve the purposes of 
                the program.
    ``(c) Payments.--
            ``(1) In general.--In accordance with statutory 
        requirements of the covered programs involved, the Secretary 
        may make payments to a producer in an amount determined by the 
        Secretary to be necessary to achieve the purposes of the 
        program.
            ``(2) Payments to producers in states with water quantity 
        concerns.--The Secretary may provide payments to producers 
        participating in a project that addresses water quantity 
        concerns for a period of five years in an amount sufficient to 
        encourage conversion from irrigated farming to dryland farming.
            ``(3) Waiver authority.--To assist in the implementation of 
        the program, the Secretary may waive the applicability of the 
        limitation in section 1001D(b)(2) of this Act for participating 
        producers if the Secretary determines that the waiver is 
        necessary to fulfill the objectives of the program.

``SEC. 1271D. FUNDING.

    ``(a) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary shall use $100,000,000 
of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018 to carry out the program.
    ``(b) Duration of Availability.--Funds made available under 
subsection (a) shall remain available until expended.
    ``(c) Additional Funding and Acres.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to the funds made available 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall reserve 6 percent of 
        the funds and acres made available for a covered program for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 in order to ensure 
        additional resources are available to carry out this program.
            ``(2) Unused funds and acres.--Any funds or acres reserved 
        under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year from a covered program 
        that are not obligated under this program by April 1 of that 
        fiscal year shall be returned for use under the covered 
        program.
    ``(d) Allocation of Funding.--Of the funds and acres made available 
for the program under subsections (a) and (c), the Secretary shall 
allocate--
            ``(1) 25 percent of the funds and acres to projects based 
        on a State competitive process administered by the State 
        Conservationist, with the advice of the State technical 
        committee established under subtitle G;
            ``(2) 50 percent of the funds and acres to projects based 
        on a national competitive process to be established by the 
        Secretary; and
            ``(3) 25 percent of the funds and acres to projects for the 
        critical conservation areas designated under section 1271F.
    ``(e) Limitation on Administrative Expenses.--None of the funds 
made available under the program may be used to pay for the 
administrative expenses of eligible partners.

``SEC. 1271E. ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Disclosure.--In addition to the criteria used in evaluating 
applications as described in section 1271B(d)(2), the Secretary shall 
make publicly available information on projects selected through the 
competitive process described in section 1271B(d)(1).
    ``(b) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and every two 
years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on the 
status of projects funded under the program, including--
            ``(1) the number and types of eligible partners and 
        producers participating in the partnership agreements selected;
            ``(2) the number of producers receiving assistance; and
            ``(3) total funding committed to projects, including from 
        Federal and non-Federal resources.

``SEC. 1271F. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.

    ``(a) In General.--In administering funds under section 
1271D(d)(3), the Secretary shall select applications for partnership 
agreements and producer contracts within critical conservation areas 
designated under this section.
    ``(b) Critical Conservation Area Designations.--
            ``(1) Priority.--In designating critical conservation areas 
        under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to 
        geographical areas based on the degree to which the 
        geographical area--
                    ``(A) includes multiple States with significant 
                agricultural production;
                    ``(B) is covered by an existing regional, State, 
                binational, or multistate agreement or plan that has 
                established objectives, goals, and work plans and is 
                adopted by a Federal, State, or regional authority;
                    ``(C) would benefit from water quality improvement, 
                including through reducing erosion, promoting sediment 
                control, and addressing nutrient management activities 
                affecting large bodies of water of regional, national, 
                or international significance;
                    ``(D) would benefit from water quantity 
                improvement, including improvement relating to--
                            ``(i) groundwater, surface water, aquifer, 
                        or other water sources; or
                            ``(ii) a need to promote water retention 
                        and flood prevention; or
                    ``(E) contains producers that need assistance in 
                meeting or avoiding the need for a natural resource 
                regulatory requirement that could have a negative 
                economic impact on agricultural operations within the 
                area.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary may not designate more 
        than 8 geographical areas as critical conservation areas under 
        this section.
    ``(c) Administration.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall administer any partnership agreement or 
        producer contract under this section in a manner that is 
        consistent with the terms of the program.
            ``(2) Relationship to existing activity.--The Secretary 
        shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that eligible 
        activities carried out in critical conservation areas 
        designated under this section complement and are consistent 
        with other Federal and State programs and water quality and 
        quantity strategies.
            ``(3) Additional authority.--For a critical conservation 
        area described in subsection (b)(1)(D), the Secretary may use 
        authorities under the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention 
        Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), other than section 14 of such Act 
        (16 U.S.C. 1012), to carry out projects for the purposes of 
        this section.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

                Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2501. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

    Section 1240M(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 2502. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Section 1240O(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb-2) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018.
            ``(2) Availability of funds.--In addition to funds made 
        available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use $5,000,000, to 
        remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 2503. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding.--Section 1240R(f)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(f)(1)) is amended by inserting before the period at 
the end the following: ``and $30,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
2014 through 2018''.
    (b) Report on Program Effectiveness.--Not later than two years 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House 
of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate a report evaluating the effectiveness of the 
voluntary public access program established by section 1240R of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5), including--
            (1) identifying cooperating agencies;
            (2) identifying the number of land holdings and total acres 
        enrolled by each State and tribal government;
            (3) evaluating the extent of improved access on eligible 
        lands, improved wildlife habitat, and related economic 
        benefits; and
            (4) any other relevant information and data relating to the 
        program that would be helpful to such Committees.

SEC. 2504. AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION EXPERIENCED SERVICES PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding.--Subsection (c) of section 1252 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3851) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may carry out the ACES 
        program using funds made available to carry out each program 
        under this title.
            ``(2) Exclusion.--Funds made available to carry out the 
        conservation reserve program may not be used to carry out the 
        ACES program.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2505. SMALL WATERSHED REHABILITATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Availability of Funds.--Section 14(h)(1) of the Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (3) in subparagraph (G), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(H) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain 
                available until expended.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)(E)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 2506. AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Uses.--Section 524(b)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1524(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (B) and redesignating 
        subparagraphs (C) through (F) as subparagraphs (B) through (E), 
        respectively; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
                ``or resource conservation practices''; and
                    (B) by striking clause (i) and redesignating 
                clauses (ii) through (iv) as clauses (i) through (iii), 
                respectively.
    (b) Commodity Credit Corporation.--
            (1) Funding.--Section 524(b)(4)(B) of the Federal Crop 
        Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(b)(4)(B)) is amended to read as 
        follows:
                    ``(B) Funding.--The Commodity Credit Corporation 
                shall make available to carry out this subsection not 
                less than $10,000,000 for each fiscal year.''.
            (2) Certain uses.--Section 524(b)(4)(C) of the Federal Crop 
        Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(b)(4)(C)) is amended--
                    (A) in clause (i)--
                            (i) by striking ``50'' and inserting 
                        ``30''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``(A), (B), and (C)'' and 
                        inserting ``(A) and (B)''; and
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking ``40'' and 
                inserting ``60''.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2601. FUNDING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1241 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Annual Funding.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 
the Secretary shall use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the following programs under 
this title (including the provision of technical assistance):
            ``(1) The conservation reserve program under subchapter B 
        of chapter 1 of subtitle D, including, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, $25,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018 to carry out section 1235(f) to facilitate the 
        transfer of land subject to contracts from retired or retiring 
        owners and operators to beginning farmers or ranchers and 
        socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers.
            ``(2) The agriculture conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H, using, to the maximum extent practicable--
                    ``(A) $425,000,000 in fiscal year 2014;
                    ``(B) $450,000,000 in fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(C) $475,000,000 in fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(D) $500,000,000 in fiscal year 2017; and
                    ``(E) $200,000,000 in fiscal year 2018.
            ``(3) The conservation security program under subchapter A 
        of chapter 2 of subtitle D, using such sums as are necessary to 
        administer contracts entered into before September 30, 2008.
            ``(4) The conservation stewardship program under subchapter 
        B of chapter 2 of subtitle D.
            ``(5) The environmental quality incentives program under 
        chapter 4 of subtitle D, using, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, $1,750,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.
    (b) Regional Equity; Guaranteed Availability of Funds.--Section 
1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as 
        subsections (c) through (e); respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Availability of Funds.--Amounts made available by subsection 
(a) shall be used by the Secretary to carry out the programs specified 
in such subsection for fiscal years 2014 through 2018 and shall remain 
available until expended. Amounts made available for the programs 
specified in such subsection during a fiscal year through 
modifications, cancellations, terminations, and other related 
administrative actions and not obligated in that fiscal year shall 
remain available for obligation during subsequent fiscal years, but 
shall reduce the amount of additional funds made available in the 
subsequent fiscal year by an amount equal to the amount remaining 
unobligated.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2602. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 1241 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841), as redesignated by section 
2601(b)(1) of this Act, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) Availability of funds.--Commodity Credit Corporation 
        funds made available for a fiscal year for each of the programs 
        specified in subsection (a)--
                    ``(A) shall be available for the provision of 
                technical assistance for the programs for which funds 
                are made available as necessary to implement the 
                programs effectively; and
                    ``(B) shall not be available for the provision of 
                technical assistance for conservation programs 
                specified in subsection (a) other than the program for 
                which the funds were made available.
            ``(2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2013, the 
        Secretary shall submit (and update as necessary in subsequent 
        years) to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report--
                    ``(A) detailing the amount of technical assistance 
                funds requested and apportioned in each program 
                specified in subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal 
                year; and
                    ``(B) any other data relating to this subsection 
                that would be helpful to such Committees.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2603. RESERVATION OF FUNDS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO CERTAIN 
              FARMERS OR RANCHERS FOR CONSERVATION ACCESS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (g) of section 1241 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Preference.--In providing assistance under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall give preference to a veteran farmer or 
        rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
        2279(e))) that qualifies under subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2604. ANNUAL REPORT ON PROGRAM ENROLLMENTS AND ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (h) of section 1241 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``wetlands reserve 
        program'' and inserting ``agricultural conservation easement 
        program'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and redesignating 
        paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), 
        respectively; and
            (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``agricultural water enhancement 
                program'' and inserting ``regional conservation 
                partnership program''; and
                    (B) by striking ``1240I(g)'' and inserting 
                ``1271C(c)(3)''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2605. REVIEW OF CONSERVATION PRACTICE STANDARDS.

    Section 1242(h)(1)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3842(h)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008'' and inserting ``the Federal Agriculture Reform and 
Risk Management Act of 2013''.

SEC. 2606. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL CONSERVATION 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in 
                section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by inserting ``, H, and I'' before 
        the period at the end;
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``country'' 
                and inserting ``county''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection 
                (c)(2)(B) or (f)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (c)(2)(A)(ii) or (f)(2)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(j) Improved Administrative Efficiency and Effectiveness.--In 
administrating a conservation program under this title, the Secretary 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(1) seek to reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
        producers by streamlining conservation planning and program 
        resources; and
            ``(2) take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
        efficiency and effectiveness.
    ``(k) Relation to Other Payments.--Any payment received by an owner 
or operator under this title, including an easement payment or rental 
payment, shall be in addition to, and not affect, the total amount of 
payments that the owner or operator is otherwise eligible to receive 
under any of the following:
            ``(1) This Act.
            ``(2) The Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.).
            ``(3) The Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management 
        Act of 2013.
            ``(4) Any law that succeeds a law specified in paragraph 
        (1), (2), or (3).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2607. STANDARDS FOR STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 1261(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(b)) is amended by striking ``Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, 
the Secretary shall develop'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
review and update as necessary''.

SEC. 2608. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.

    Subtitle E of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 1246. REGULATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate such regulations 
as are necessary to implement programs under this title, including such 
regulations as the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure a 
fair and reasonable application of the limitations established under 
section 1244(f).
    ``(b) Rulemaking Procedure.--The promulgation of regulations and 
administration of programs under this title--
            ``(1) shall be carried out without regard to--
                    ``(A) the Statement of Policy of the Secretary 
                effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 13804), relating 
                to notices of proposed rulemaking and public 
                participation in rulemaking; and
                    ``(B) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code 
                (commonly known as the Paperwork Reduction Act); and
            ``(2) shall be made as an interim rule effective on 
        publication with an opportunity for notice and comment.
    ``(c) Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking.--In promulgating 
regulations under this section, the Secretary shall use the authority 
provided under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.''.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

SEC. 2701. COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1230 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3830) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The heading of chapter 1 of subtitle D 
of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3830 et seq.) 
is amended to read as follows: ``CONSERVATION RESERVE''.

SEC. 2702. EMERGENCY FORESTRY CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1231A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831a) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        section 1231A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3831a) before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be 
        made in connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the conservation reserve program under subchapter B 
        of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
        Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2703. WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837 et seq.) before 
        October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2301 of this Act, to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2704. FARMLAND PROTECTION PROGRAM AND FARM VIABILITY PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The heading of chapter 2 of subtitle D 
of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838 et seq.) 
is amended by striking ``AND FARMLAND PROTECTION''.
    (c) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendments made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.) before 
        October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2301 of this Act, to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2705. GRASSLAND RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Subchapter D of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838n et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        subchapter D of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838n et seq.) before 
        October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2301 of this Act, to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2706. AGRICULTURAL WATER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-9) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839aa-9) before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to 
        be made in connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the regional conservation partnership program under 
        subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2401 of this Act, to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2707. WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839bb-1) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        section 1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839bb-1) before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to 
        be made in connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the environmental quality incentives program under 
        chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2708. GREAT LAKES BASIN PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1240P of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839bb-3) is repealed.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2709. CHESAPEAKE BAY WATERSHED PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1240Q of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839bb-4) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        section 1240Q of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839bb-4) before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to 
        be made in connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the regional conservation partnership program under 
        subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2401 of this Act, to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2710. COOPERATIVE CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1243 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3843) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by 
        this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
        contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        section 1243 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843) 
        before October 1, 2013, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the regional conservation partnership program under 
        subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2401 of this Act, to continue to carry out 
        contracts referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts as they existed 
        on September 30, 2013.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 2711. ENVIRONMENTAL EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    Chapter 3 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839 et seq.) is repealed.

SEC. 2712. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 1201(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3801(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``E'' and inserting ``I''.
    (b) Program Ineligibility.--Section 1211(a) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)) is amended by striking ``predominate'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``predominant''.
    (c) Specialty Crop Producers.--Section 1242(i) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(i)) is amended in the header by striking 
``Speciality'' and inserting ``Specialty''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3001. GENERAL AUTHORITY.

    Section 201 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1721) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``(to be implemented by the Administrator)'' after ``under this 
        title''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (7) and the second sentence and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(7) build resilience to mitigate and prevent food crises 
        and reduce the future need for emergency aid.''.

SEC. 3002. SUPPORT FOR ORGANIZATIONS THROUGH WHICH ASSISTANCE IS 
              PROVIDED.

    Section 202(e)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(e)(1)) 
is amended by striking ``13 percent'' and inserting ``11 percent''.

SEC. 3003. FOOD AID QUALITY.

    Section 202(h) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``The Administrator shall 
                        use funds made available for fiscal year 2009'' 
                        and inserting ``In consultation with the 
                        Secretary, the Administrator shall use funds 
                        made available for fiscal year 2013''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``to establish a 
                        mechanism'' after ``this title'';
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
                (B); and
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the 
                following new paragraphs:
                    ``(C) to evaluate, as necessary, the use of current 
                and new agricultural commodities and products thereof 
                in different program settings and for particular 
                recipient groups, including the testing of prototypes;
                    ``(D) to establish and implement appropriate 
                protocols for quality assurance of food products 
                procured by the Secretary for food aid programs; and
                    ``(E) to periodically update program guidelines on 
                the recommended use of agricultural commodities and 
                food products in food aid programs to reflect findings 
                from the implementation of this subsection and other 
                relevant information.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The Administrator'' and 
        inserting ``In consultation with the Secretary, the 
        Administrator''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``section 207(f)'' and 
        all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        the following: ``section 207(f)--
                    ``(A) for fiscal years 2009 through 2013, not more 
                than $4,500,000 may be used to carry out this 
                subsection; and
                    ``(B) for fiscal years 2014 through 2018, not more 
                than $1,000,000 may be used to carry out this 
                subsection.''.

SEC. 3004. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

SEC. 3005. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.

    (a) Membership.--Section 205(b) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1725(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (6);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(7) representatives from the United States agricultural 
        processing sector involved in providing agricultural 
        commodities for programs under this Act; and''.
    (b) Consultation.--Section 205(d) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1725(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking the first sentence and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Consultation in advance of issuance of implementation 
        regulations, handbooks, and guidelines.--Not later than 45 days 
        before a proposed regulation, handbook, or guideline 
        implementing this title, or a proposed significant revision to 
        a regulation, handbook, or guideline implementing this title, 
        becomes final, the Administrator shall provide the proposal to 
        the Group for review and comment.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Consultation regarding food aid quality efforts.--The 
        Administrator shall seek input from and consult with the Group 
        on the implementation of section 202(h).''.
    (c) Reauthorization.--Section 205(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1725(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3006. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

    (a) Regulations and Guidance.--Section 207(c) of the Food for Peace 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Guidance'' after ``Regulations'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management 
        Act of 2013, the Administrator shall issue all regulations and 
        revisions to agency guidance necessary to implement the 
        amendments made to this title by such Act.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and guidance'' after 
        ``develop regulations''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 207(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1726a(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
                (D);
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' at the end of 
                subparagraph (E) and inserting the period; and
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (F);
            (2) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``2012'' and 
                all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``2013, and up to $10,000,000 of such funds 
                for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``2012'' 
                and inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Implementation Reports.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Agency for 
International Development shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committees on Agriculture 
and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report 
describing--
            (1) the implementation of section 207(c) of the Food for 
        Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c));
            (2) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, and audit 
        requirements for programs conducted under title II of such Act 
        (7 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.) by an eligible organization that is a 
        nongovernmental organization (as such term is defined in 
        section 402 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1732)); and
            (3) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, and audit 
        requirements for such programs by an eligible organization that 
        is an intergovernmental organization, such as the World Food 
        Program or other multilateral organization.

SEC. 3007. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
              DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE PREPACKAGED 
              FOODS.

    Section 208(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b(f)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3008. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Impact on Local Farmers and Economy.--Section 403(b) of the 
Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``The Secretary or the Administrator, as 
appropriate, shall seek information, as part of the regular proposal 
and submission process, from implementing agencies on the potential 
benefits to the local economy of sales of agricultural commodities 
within the recipient country.''.
    (b) Prevention of Price Disruptions.--Section 403(e) of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``reasonable market 
        price'' and inserting ``fair market value''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Coordination on assessments.--The Secretary and the 
        Administrator shall coordinate in assessments to carry out 
        paragraph (1) and in the development of approaches to be used 
        by implementing agencies for determining the fair market value 
        described in paragraph (2).''.
    (c) Report on Use of Funds.--Section 403 of the Food for Peace Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1733) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(m) Report on Use of Funds.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
Management Act of 2013, and annually thereafter, the Administrator 
shall submit to Congress a report--
            ``(1) specifying the amount of funds (including funds for 
        administrative costs, indirect cost recovery, and internal 
        transportation, storage and handling, and associated 
        distribution costs) provided to each eligible organization that 
        received assistance under this Act in the previous fiscal year; 
        and
            ``(2) describing how those funds were used by the eligible 
        organization.''.

SEC. 3009. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

    Section 407(c)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736a(c)(4)) 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``for each such fiscal year not 
                more than $10,000,000 of such funds'' and inserting 
                ``for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2013 not more 
                than $10,000,000 of such funds and for each of fiscal 
                years 2014 through 2018 not more than $15,000,000 of 
                such funds''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Additional prepositioning sites.--The 
                Administrator may establish additional sites for 
                prepositioning in foreign countries or change the 
                location of current sites for prepositioning in foreign 
                countries after conducting, and based on the results 
                of, assessments of need, the availability of 
                appropriate technology for long-term storage, 
                feasibility, and cost.''.

SEC. 3010. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    Section 407(f)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736a(f)(1)) 
is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``agricultural 
        trade'' and inserting ``food aid'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by inserting before the 
        semicolon at the end the following: ``and the total number of 
        beneficiaries of the project and the activities carried out 
        through such project''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B)(iii)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by 
                inserting ``, and the total number of beneficiaries 
                in,'' after ``commodities made available to'';
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of subclause 
                (I);
                    (C) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subclause 
                (II); and
                    (D) by inserting after subclause (II) the following 
                new subclause:
                                    ``(III) the McGovern-Dole 
                                International Food for Education and 
                                Child Nutrition Program established by 
                                section 3107 of the Farm Security and 
                                Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
                                1736o-1);''.

SEC. 3011. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
              ASSISTANCE.

    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is amended 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3012. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 412(a)(1) of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736f(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``for 
fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year thereafter, $2,500,000,000'' and 
inserting ``$2,500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2013 
and $2,000,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
    (b) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--Paragraph (1) 
of section 412(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736f(e)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Funds and commodities.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, of the amounts made available to carry out 
        emergency and nonemergency food assistance programs under title 
        II, not less than $400,000,000 shall be expended for 
        nonemergency food assistance programs under such title.''.

SEC. 3013. MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Elimination of Obsolete Reference to Study.--Section 
415(a)(2)(B) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-2(a)(2)(B)) is 
amended by striking ``, using recommendations'' and all that follows 
through ``quality enhancements''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736g-2(c)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3014. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.

    Section 501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2013, and not less 
        than the greater of $15,000,000 or 0.5 percent of the amounts 
        made available for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018,''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3101. FUNDING FOR EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    Section 211(b) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
5641(b)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3102. FUNDING FOR MARKET ACCESS PROGRAM.

    Section 211(c)(1)(A) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
U.S.C. 5641(c)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 3103. FOREIGN MARKET DEVELOPMENT COOPERATOR PROGRAM.

    Section 703(a) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
5723(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3201. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

    (a) Extension.--The Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018'';
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018'';
            (3) in subsection (k), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (4) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Repeal of Completed Project.--Subsection (f) of the Food for 
Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) is amended by striking paragraph 
(6).

SEC. 3202. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST.

    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2012'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' both places it 
        appears and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3203. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.

    (a) Direct Credits or Export Credit Guarantees.--Section 1542(a) of 
the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 
101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Development of Agricultural Systems.--Section 1542(d)(1)(A)(i) 
of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public 
Law 101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3204. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
              NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    (a) Reauthorization.--Section 3107(l)(2) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(l)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 3107(d) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(d)) is amended by 
striking ``to'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1).

SEC. 3205. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SPECIALTY CROPS.

    (a) Purpose.--Section 3205(b) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(b)) is amended by striking 
``related barriers to trade'' and inserting ``technical barriers to 
trade''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 3205(e)(2) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(e)(2)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C); 
        and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 
                through 2018.''.

SEC. 3206. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

    Section 3202(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 22 U.S.C. 2220a note) is amended by striking 
``section'' and all that follows through the period and inserting the 
following: ``section--
            ``(1) $60,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2008 
        through 2013; and
            ``(2) $50,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 3207. UNDER SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE FOR FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL 
              SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle B of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 is amended by inserting after section 225 (7 
U.S.C. 6931) the following new section:

``SEC. 225A. UNDER SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE FOR FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL 
              SERVICES.

    ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary is authorized to establish in 
the Department the position of Under Secretary of Agriculture for 
Foreign Agricultural Services.
    ``(b) Confirmation Required.--If the Secretary establishes the 
position of Under Secretary of Agriculture for Foreign Agricultural 
Services under subsection (a), the Under Secretary shall be appointed 
by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    ``(c) Functions of Under Secretary.--
            ``(1) Principal functions.--Upon establishment, the 
        Secretary shall delegate to the Under Secretary of Agriculture 
        for Foreign Agricultural Services those functions under the 
        jurisdiction of the Department that are related to foreign 
        agricultural services.
            ``(2) Additional functions.--The Under Secretary of 
        Agriculture for Foreign Agricultural Services shall perform 
        such other functions as may be required by law or prescribed by 
        the Secretary.
    ``(d) Succession.--Any official who is serving as Under Secretary 
of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services on the date 
of the enactment of this section and who was appointed by the 
President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall not 
be required to be reappointed under subsection (b) or section 225(b) to 
the successor position authorized under subsection (a) or section 
225(a) if the Secretary establishes the position, and the official 
occupies the new position, with 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section (or such later date set by the Secretary if 
litigation delays rapid succession).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 225 of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6931) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm 
        and Foreign Agricultural Services'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Services''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``and foreign 
        agricultural''.
    (c) Permanent Authority.--Section 296(b) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6)(C), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(8) the authority of the Secretary to establish in the 
        Department the position of Under Secretary of Agriculture for 
        Foreign Agricultural Services in accordance with section 
        225A;''.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. PREVENTING PAYMENT OF CASH TO RECIPIENTS OF SUPPLEMENTAL 
              NUTRITION ASSISTANCE FOR THE RETURN OF EMPTY BOTTLES AND 
              CANS USED TO CONTAIN FOOD PURCHASED WITH BENEFITS 
              PROVIDED UNDER THE PROGRAM.

    Section 3(k)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2012(k)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and hot foods'' and inserting ``hot 
        foods''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
``and any deposit fee in excess of amount of the State fee 
reimbursement (if any) required to purchase any food or food product 
contained in a returnable bottle or can, regardless of whether such fee 
is included in the shelf price posted for such food or food product,''.

SEC. 4002. RETAILERS.

    (a) Definition of Retail Food Store.--Section 3(p)(1)(A) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(1)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``at least 2'' and inserting ``at least 3''.
    (b) Alternative Benefit Delivery.--Section 7(f) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Imposition of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall require 
                participating retailers (including restaurants 
                participating in a State option restaurant program 
                intended to serve the elderly, disabled, and homeless) 
                to pay 100 percent of the costs of acquiring, and 
                arrange for the implementation of, electronic benefit 
                transfer point-of-sale equipment and supplies.
                    ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt from 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) farmers' markets, military 
                        commissaries, nonprofit food buying 
                        cooperatives, and establishments, 
                        organizations, programs, or group living 
                        arrangements described in paragraphs (5), (7), 
                        and (8) of section 3(k); and
                            ``(ii) establishments described in 
                        paragraphs (3), (4), and (9) of section 3(k), 
                        other than restaurants participating in a State 
                        option restaurant program.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Termination of manual vouchers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning on the 
                effective date of this paragraph, except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), no State shall issue manual vouchers 
                to a household that receives supplemental nutrition 
                assistance under this Act or allow retailers to accept 
                manual vouchers as payment, unless the Secretary 
                determines that the manual vouchers are necessary, such 
                as in the event of an electronic benefit transfer 
                system failure or a disaster situation.
                    ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt 
                categories of retailers or individual retailers from 
                subparagraph (A) based on criteria established by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(5) Unique identification number required.--In an effort 
        to enhance the antifraud protections of the program, the 
        Secretary shall require all parties providing electronic 
        benefit transfer services to provide for and maintain a unique 
        terminal identification number information through the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program electronic benefit 
        transfer transaction routing system. In developing the 
        regulations implementing this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
        consider existing commercial practices for other point-of-sale 
        debit transactions. The Secretary shall issue proposed 
        regulations implementing this paragraph not earlier than 2 
        years after the date of enactment of this paragraph.''.
    (c) Electronic Benefit Transfers.--Section 7(h)(3)(B) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(3)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``is operational--'' and all that follows through ``(ii) in 
the case of other participating stores,'' and inserting ``is 
operational''.
    (d) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--
Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended--
            (1) in the 2d sentence of subsection (a)(1) by striking ``; 
        and (C)'' and inserting ``; (C) whether the applicant is 
        located in an area with significantly limited access to food; 
        and (D)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) EBT Service Requirement.--An approved retail food store shall 
provide adequate EBT service as described in section 7(h)(3)(B).''.

SEC. 4003. ENHANCING SERVICES TO ELDERLY AND DISABLED SUPPLEMENTAL 
              NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM RECIPIENTS.

    (a) Enhancing Services to Elderly and Disabled Program 
Recipients.--Section 3(p) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2012(p)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3) by striking ``and'' at the end,
            (2) in paragraph (4) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and'', and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) a governmental or private nonprofit food purchasing 
        and delivery service that--
                    ``(A) purchases food for, and delivers such food 
                to, individuals who are--
                            ``(i) unable to shop for food; and
                            ``(ii)(I) not less than 60 years of age; or
                            ``(II) physically or mentally handicapped 
                        or otherwise disabled;
                    ``(B) clearly notifies the participating household 
                at the time such household places a food order--
                            ``(i) of any delivery fee associated with 
                        the food purchase and delivery provided to such 
                        household by such service; and
                            ``(ii) that a delivery fee cannot be paid 
                        with benefits provided under supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program; and
                    ``(C) sells food purchased for such household at 
                the price paid by such service for such food and 
                without any additional cost markup.''.
    (b) Implementation.--
            (1) Issuance of rules.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
        issue regulations that--
                    (A) establish criteria to identify a food 
                purchasing and delivery service referred to in section 
                3(p)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 as 
                amended by this Act, and
                    (B) establish procedures to ensure that such 
                service--
                            (i) does not charge more for a food item 
                        than the price paid by the such service for 
                        such food item,
                            (ii) offers food delivery service at no or 
                        low cost to households under such Act,
                            (iii) ensures that benefits provided under 
                        the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                        are used only to purchase food, as defined in 
                        section 3 of such Act,
                            (iv) limits the purchase of food, and the 
                        delivery of such food, to households eligible 
                        to receive services described in section 
                        3(p)(5) of such Act as so amended,
                            (v) has established adequate safeguards 
                        against fraudulent activities, including 
                        unauthorized use of electronic benefit cards 
                        issued under such Act, and
                            (vi) such other requirements as the 
                        Secretary deems to be appropriate.
            (2) Limitation.--Before the issuance of rules under 
        paragraph (1) , the Secretary of Agriculture may not approve 
        more than 20 food purchasing and delivery services referred to 
        in section 3(p)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 as 
        amended by this Act, to participate as retail food stores under 
        the supplemental nutrition assistance program.

SEC. 4004. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

    Section 4(b)(6)(F) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2013(b)(6)(F)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4005. UPDATING PROGRAM ELIGIBILITY.

    Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) is 
amended--
            (1) in the 2d sentence of subsection (a) by striking 
        ``households in which each member receives benefits'' and 
        inserting ``households in which each member receives cash 
        assistance'', and
            (2) in subsection (j) by striking ``or who receives 
        benefits under a State program'' and inserting ``or who 
        receives cash assistance under a State program''.

SEC. 4006. EXCLUSION OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA FROM EXCESS MEDICAL EXPENSE 
              DEDUCTION.

    Section 5(e)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Exclusion of medical marijuana.--The 
                Secretary shall promulgate rules to ensure that medical 
                marijuana is not treated as a medical expense for 
                purposes of this paragraph.''.

SEC. 4007. STANDARD UTILITY ALLOWANCES BASED ON THE RECEIPT OF ENERGY 
              ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS.

    (a) Standard Utility Allowances in the Supplemental Nutrition 
Assistance Program.--Section 5(e)(6)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i) by inserting ``, subject to clause (iv)'' 
        after ``Secretary''; and
            (2) by striking subclause (I) of clause (iv) and in 
        inserting the following:
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), if a State agency 
                                elects to use a standard utility 
                                allowance that reflects heating and 
                                cooling costs, the standard utility 
                                allowance shall be made available to 
                                households that received a payment, or 
                                on behalf of which a payment was made, 
                                under the Low-Income Home Energy 
                                Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8621 
                                et seq.) or other similar energy 
                                assistance program, if in the current 
                                month or in the immediately preceding 
                                12 months, the household either 
                                received such payment, or such payment 
                                was made on behalf of the household, 
                                that was greater than $20 annually, as 
                                determined by the Secretary.''; and
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2605(f)(2)(A) of the Low-Income 
Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8624(f)(2)(A)) is amended 
by inserting before the semicolon the following:
        ``, except that, for purposes of the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program established under the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), such payments or allowances 
        were greater than $20 annually, consistent with section 
        5(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I)), 
        as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture''.
    (c) Effective Date and Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), this 
        section and the amendments made by this section shall take 
        effect on October 1, 2013, and shall apply with respect to 
        certification periods that begin after such date.
            (2) State option to delay implementation for current 
        recipients.--A State may, at the option of the State, implement 
        a policy that eliminates or reduces the effect of the 
        amendments made by this section on households that received a 
        standard utility allowance as of the date of enactment of this 
        Act, for not more than a 180-day period that begins on the date 
        on which such amendments would otherwise apply to the 
        respective household.

SEC. 4008. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS.

    Section 6(e)(3)(B) of Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2015(e)(3)(B)) is amended by striking ``section;'' and inserting the 
following:
                ``section, subject to the condition that the course or 
                program of study--
                            ``(i) is part of a program of career and 
                        technical education (as defined in section 3 of 
                        the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
                        Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302)) that 
                        may be completed in not more than 4 years at an 
                        institution of higher education (as defined in 
                        section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                        (20 U.S.C. 1002)); or
                            ``(ii) is limited to remedial courses, 
                        basic adult education, literacy, or English as 
                        a second language;''.

SEC. 4009. ENDING SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM BENEFITS 
              FOR LOTTERY OR GAMBLING WINNERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2015) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Ineligibility for Benefits Due to Receipt of Substantial 
Lottery or Gambling Winnings.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any household in which a member receives 
        substantial lottery or gambling winnings, as determined by the 
        Secretary, shall lose eligibility for benefits immediately upon 
        receipt of the winnings.
            ``(2) Duration of ineligibility.--A household described in 
        paragraph (1) shall remain ineligible for participation until 
        the household meets the allowable financial resources and 
        income eligibility requirements under subsections (c), (d), 
        (e), (f), (g), (i), (k), (l), (m), and (n) of section 5.
            ``(3) Agreements.--As determined by the Secretary, each 
        State agency, to the maximum extent practicable, shall 
        establish agreements with entities responsible for the 
        regulation or sponsorship of gaming in the State to determine 
        whether individuals participating in the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program have received substantial lottery or 
        gambling winnings.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5(a) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(a)) is amended in the 2d sentence by 
striking ``sections 6(b), 6(d)(2), and 6(g)'' and inserting 
``subsections (b), (d)(2), (g), and (r) of section 6''.

SEC. 4010. IMPROVING SECURITY OF FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Section 7(h)(8) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(8)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading by striking ``card fee'' and inserting 
        ``of cards'';
            (2) by striking ``A State'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Fees.--A State''; and
            (3) by adding after subparagraph (A) (as so designated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
                    ``(B) Purposeful loss of cards.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to terms and 
                        conditions established by the Secretary in 
                        accordance with clause (ii), if a household 
                        makes excessive requests for replacement of the 
                        electronic benefit transfer card of the 
                        household, the Secretary may require a State 
                        agency to decline to issue a replacement card 
                        to the household unless the household, upon 
                        request of the State agency, provides an 
                        explanation for the loss of the card.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--The terms and 
                        conditions established by the Secretary shall 
                        provide that--
                                    ``(I) the household be given the 
                                opportunity to provide the requested 
                                explanation and meet the requirements 
                                under this paragraph promptly;
                                    ``(II) after an excessive number of 
                                lost cards, the head of the household 
                                shall be required to review program 
                                rights and responsibilities with State 
                                agency personnel authorized to make 
                                determinations under section 5(a); and
                                    ``(III) any action taken, including 
                                actions required under section 6(b)(2), 
                                other than the withholding of the 
                                electronic benefit transfer card until 
                                an explanation described in subclause 
                                (I) is provided, shall be consistent 
                                with the due process protections under 
                                section 6(b) or 11(e)(10), as 
                                appropriate.
                    ``(C) Protecting vulnerable persons.--In 
                implementing this paragraph, a State agency shall act 
                to protect homeless persons, persons with disabilities, 
                victims of crimes, and other vulnerable persons who 
                lose electronic benefit transfer cards but are not 
                intentionally committing fraud.
                    ``(D) Effect on eligibility.--While a State may 
                decline to issue an electronic benefits transfer card 
                until a household satisfies the requirements under this 
                paragraph, nothing in this paragraph shall be 
                considered a denial of, or limitation on, the 
                eligibility for benefits under section 5.''.

SEC. 4011. DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS ON ACCEPTANCE OF BENEFITS OF MOBILE 
              TRANSACTIONS.

    Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(14) Demonstration projects on acceptance of benefits of 
        mobile transactions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall pilot the 
                use of mobile technologies determined by the Secretary 
                to be appropriate to test the feasibility and 
                implications for program integrity, by allowing retail 
                food stores, farmers markets, and other direct 
                producer-to-consumer marketing outlets to accept 
                benefits from recipients of supplemental nutrition 
                assistance through mobile transactions.
                    ``(B) Demonstration projects.--To be eligible to 
                participate in a demonstration project under subsection 
                (a), a retail food store, farmers market, or other 
                direct producer-to-consumer marketing outlet shall 
                submit to the Secretary for approval a plan that 
                includes--
                            ``(i) a description of the technology;
                            ``(ii) the manner by which the retail food 
                        store, farmers market or other direct producer-
                        to-consumer marketing outlet will provide proof 
                        of the transaction to households;
                            ``(iii) the provision of data to the 
                        Secretary, consistent with requirements 
                        established by the Secretary, in a manner that 
                        allows the Secretary to evaluate the impact of 
                        the demonstration on participant access, ease 
                        of use, and program integrity; and
                            ``(iv) such other criteria as the Secretary 
                        may require.
                    ``(C) Date of completion.--The demonstration 
                projects under this paragraph shall be completed and 
                final reports submitted to the Secretary by not later 
                than July 1, 2016.
                    ``(D) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall 
                submit a report to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate that 
                includes a finding, based on the data provided under 
                subparagraph (C) whether or not implementation in all 
                States is in the best interest of the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program.''.

SEC. 4012. USE OF BENEFITS FOR PURCHASE OF COMMUNITY-SUPPORTED 
              AGRICULTURE SHARE.

    Section 10 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2019) is 
amended in the 1st sentence by inserting ``agricultural producers who 
market agricultural products directly to consumers shall be authorized 
to redeem benefits for the initial cost of the purchase of a community-
supported agriculture share,'' after ``food so purchased,''.

SEC. 4013. RESTAURANT MEALS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (22) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (23)(C) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) if the State elects to carry out a program to 
        contract with private establishments to offer meals at 
        concessional prices, as described in paragraphs (3), (4), and 
        (9) of section 3(k)--
                    ``(A) the plans of the State agency for operating 
                the program, including--
                            ``(i) documentation of a need that eligible 
                        homeless, elderly, and disabled clients are 
                        underserved in a particular geographic area;
                            ``(ii) the manner by which the State agency 
                        will limit participation to only those private 
                        establishments that the State determines 
                        necessary to meet the need identified in clause 
                        (i); and
                            ``(iii) any other conditions the Secretary 
                        may prescribe, such as the level of security 
                        necessary to ensure that only eligible 
                        recipients participate in the program; and
                    ``(B) a report by the State agency to the Secretary 
                annually, the schedule of which shall be established by 
                the Secretary, that includes--
                            ``(i) the number of households and 
                        individual recipients authorized to participate 
                        in the program, including any information on 
                        whether the individual recipient is elderly, 
                        disabled, or homeless; and
                            ``(ii) an assessment of whether the program 
                        is meeting an established need, as documented 
                        under subparagraph (A)(i).''.
    (b) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--
Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Private Establishments.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), no private 
        establishment that contracts with a State agency to offer meals 
        at concessional prices as described in paragraphs (3), (4), and 
        (9) of section 3(k) may be authorized to accept and redeem 
        benefits unless the Secretary determines that the participation 
        of the private establishment is required to meet a documented 
        need in accordance with section 11(e)(24).
            ``(2) Existing contracts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, on the day before the 
                effective date of this subsection, a State has entered 
                into a contract with a private establishment described 
                in paragraph (1) and the Secretary has not determined 
                that the participation of the private establishment is 
                necessary to meet a documented need in accordance with 
                section 11(e)(24), the Secretary shall allow the 
                operation of the private establishment to continue 
                without that determination of need for a period not to 
                exceed 180 days from the date on which the Secretary 
                establishes determination criteria, by regulation, 
                under section 11(e)(24).
                    ``(B) Justification.--If the Secretary determines 
                to terminate a contract with a private establishment 
                that is in effect on the effective date of this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall provide justification 
                to the State in which the private establishment is 
                located for that termination.
            ``(3) Report to congress.--Not later than 90 days after 
        September 30, 2014, and 90 days after the last day of each 
        fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall report to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
        Senate on the effectiveness of a program under this subsection 
        using any information received from States under section 
        11(e)(24) as well as any other information the Secretary may 
        have relating to the manner in which benefits are used.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 3(k) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(k)) is amended by inserting ``subject to 
section 9(h)'' after ``concessional prices'' each place it appears.

SEC. 4014. MANDATING STATE IMMIGRATION VERIFICATION.

    Section 11(p) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(p)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(p) State Verification Option.--In carrying out the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program, a State agency shall be required to use 
an income and eligibility, or an immigration status, verification 
system established under section 1137 of the Social Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 1320b-7), in accordance with standards set by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 4015. DATA EXCHANGE STANDARDIZATION FOR IMPROVED INTEROPERABILITY.

    (a) Data Exchange Standardization.--Section 11 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(v) Data Exchange Standardization for Improved 
Interoperability.--
            ``(1) Data exchange standards.--
                    ``(A) Designation.--The Secretary, in consultation 
                with an interagency work group which shall be 
                established by the Office of Management and Budget, and 
                considering State perspectives, shall, by rule, 
                designate a data exchange standard for any category of 
                information required to be reported under this Act.
                    ``(B) Data exchange standards must be 
                nonproprietary and interoperable.--The data exchange 
                standard designated under subparagraph (A) shall, to 
                the extent practicable, be nonproprietary and 
                interoperable.
                    ``(C) Other requirements.--In designating data 
                exchange standards under this subsection, the Secretary 
                shall, to the extent practicable, incorporate--
                            ``(i) interoperable standards developed and 
                        maintained by an international voluntary 
                        consensus standards body, as defined by the 
                        Office of Management and Budget, such as the 
                        International Organization for Standardization;
                            ``(ii) interoperable standards developed 
                        and maintained by intergovernmental 
                        partnerships, such as the National Information 
                        Exchange Model; and
                            ``(iii) interoperable standards developed 
                        and maintained by Federal entities with 
                        authority over contracting and financial 
                        assistance, such as the Federal Acquisition 
                        Regulatory Council.
            ``(2) Data exchange standards for reporting.--
                    ``(A) Designation.--The Secretary, in consultation 
                with an interagency work group established by the 
                Office of Management and Budget, and considering State 
                perspectives, shall, by rule, designate data exchange 
                standards to govern the data reporting required under 
                this part.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The data exchange standards 
                required by subparagraph (A) shall, to the extent 
                practicable--
                            ``(i) incorporate a widely-accepted, 
                        nonproprietary, searchable, computer-readable 
                        format;
                            ``(ii) be consistent with and implement 
                        applicable accounting principles; and
                            ``(iii) be capable of being continually 
                        upgraded as necessary.
                    ``(C) Incorporation of nonproprietary standards.--
                In designating reporting standards under this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall, to the extent 
                practicable, incorporate existing nonproprietary 
                standards, such as the eXtensible Markup Language.''.
    (b) Effective Dates.--
            (1) Data exchange standards.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
        shall issue a proposed rule under section 11(v)(1) of the Food 
        and Nutrition Act of 2008 within 12 months after the effective 
        date of this section, and shall issue a final rule under such 
        section after public comment, within 24 months after such 
        effective date.
            (2) Data reporting standards.--The reporting standards 
        required under section 11(v)(2) of such Act shall become 
        effective with respect to reports required in the first 
        reporting period, after the effective date of the final rule 
        referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection, for which the 
        authority for data collection and reporting is established or 
        renewed under the Paperwork Reduction Act.

SEC. 4016. PROHIBITING GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED RECRUITMENT ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Administrative Cost-sharing and Quality Control.--Section 
16(a)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a)(4)) is 
amended by inserting after ``recruitment activities'' the following: 
``designed to persuade an individual to apply for program benefits or 
that promote the program via television, radio, or billboard 
advertisements''.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds Authorized to Be Appropriated Under 
Act.--Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no funds authorized 
to be appropriated under this Act shall be used by the Secretary for--
            ``(A) recruitment activities designed to persuade an 
        individual to apply for supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program benefits;
            ``(B) television, radio, or billboard advertisements that 
        are designed to promote supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program benefits and enrollment; or
            ``(C) any agreements with foreign governments designed to 
        promote supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits and 
        enrollment.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply to programmatic activities 
undertaken with respect to benefits made available in response to a 
natural disaster.''.

SEC. 4017. REPEAL OF BONUS PROGRAM.

    Section 16(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(d)) is repealed.

SEC. 4018. FUNDING OF EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

    Section 16(h)(1)(A) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(h)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``$90,000,000'' and all that 
follows through ``$79,000,000'', and inserting ``$79,000,000 for each 
fiscal year''.

SEC. 4019. MONITORING EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM.

    (a) Reporting Measures.--Section 16(h)(5) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)(5)) is amended to read:
            ``(5)(A) In general.--The Secretary shall monitor the 
        employment and training programs carried out by State agencies 
        under section 6(d)(4) and assess their effectiveness in--
                    ``(i) preparing members of households participating 
                in the supplemental nutrition assistance program for 
                employment, including the acquisition of basic skills 
                necessary for employment; and
                    ``(ii) increasing the numbers of household members 
                who obtain and retain employment subsequent to their 
                participation in such employment and training programs.
            ``(B) Reporting measures.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Labor, shall develop reporting measures 
        that identify improvements in the skills, training education or 
        work experience of members of households participating in the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program. Measures shall be 
        based on common measures of performance for federal workforce 
        training programs, so long as they reflect the challenges 
        facing the types of members of households participating in the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program who participate in a 
        specific employment and training component. The Secretary shall 
        require that each State employment and training plan submitted 
        under section 11(3)(19) identify appropriate reporting measures 
        for each of their proposed components that serve at least 100 
        people. Such measures may include:
                    ``(i) the percentage and number of program 
                participants who received employment and training 
                services and are in unsubsidized employment subsequent 
                to the receipt of those services;
                    ``(ii) the percentage and number of program 
                participants who obtain a recognized postsecondary 
                credential, including a registered apprenticeship, or a 
                regular secondary school diploma or its recognized 
                equivalent, while participating in or within 1 year 
                after receiving employment and training services;
                    ``(iii) the percentage and number of program 
                participants who are in an education or training 
                program that is intended to lead to a recognized 
                postsecondary credential, including a registered 
                apprenticeship or on-the-job training program, a 
                regular secondary school diploma or its recognized 
                equivalent, or unsubsidized employment;
                    ``(iv) subject to the terms and conditions set by 
                the Secretary, measures developed by each State agency 
                to assess the skills acquisition of employment and 
                training program participants that reflect the goals of 
                their specific employment and training program 
                components, which may include, but are not limited to--
                            ``(I) the percentage and number of program 
                        participants who are meeting program 
                        requirements in each component of the State's 
                        education and training program; and
                            ``(II) the percentage and number of program 
                        participants who are gaining skills likely to 
                        lead to employment as measured through testing, 
                        quantitative or qualitative assessment or other 
                        method; and
                    ``(v) other indicators as approved by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(C) State report.--Each State agency shall annually 
        prepare and submit to the Secretary a report on the State's 
        employment and training program that includes the numbers of 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program participants who have 
        gained skills, training, work or experience that will increase 
        their ability to obtain regular employment using measures 
        identified in subparagraph (B).
            ``(D) Modifications to the state employment and training 
        plan.--Subject to the terms and conditions established by the 
        Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the state agency's 
        performance with respect to employment and training outcomes is 
        inadequate, the Secretary may require the State agency to make 
        modifications to their employment and training plan to improve 
        such outcomes.
            ``(E) Periodic evaluation.--
                    ``(i) In general.--Subject to terms and conditions 
                established by the Secretary, not later than October 1, 
                2016, and not less frequently than once every 5 years 
                thereafter, the Secretary shall conduct a study to 
                review existing practice and research to identify 
                employment and training program components and 
                practices that--
                            ``(I) effectively assist members of 
                        households participating in the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program in gaining skills, 
                        training, work, or experience that will 
                        increase their ability to obtain regular 
                        employment, and
                            ``(II) are best integrated with statewide 
                        workforce development systems.
                    ``(ii) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall 
                submit a report that describes the results of the study 
                under clause (i) to the Committee on Agriculture in the 
                House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry in the Senate.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Notwithstanding section 4(c) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(a)), the Secretary shall issue 
interim final regulations implementing the amendment made by subsection 
(a) no later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act. 
States shall include such reporting measures in their employment and 
training plans for the 1st fiscal year thereafter that begins no sooner 
than 6 months after the date that such regulations are published.

SEC. 4020. COOPERATION WITH PROGRAM RESEARCH AND EVALUATION.

    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l) Cooperation With Program Research and Evaluation.--States, 
State agencies, local agencies, institutions, facilities such as data 
consortiums, and contractors participating in programs authorized under 
this Act shall cooperate with officials and contractors acting on 
behalf of the Secretary in the conduct of evaluations and studies under 
this Act and shall submit information at such time and in such manner 
as the Secretary may require.''.

SEC. 4021. PILOT PROJECTS TO REDUCE DEPENDENCY AND INCREASE WORK EFFORT 
              IN THE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

     Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026), 
as amended by section 4020, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(m) Pilot Projects to Reduce Dependency and Increase Work Effort 
in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out, under 
        such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers to be 
        appropriate, pilot projects to identify best practices for 
        employment and training programs under this Act to raise the 
        number of work registrants who obtain unsubsidized employment, 
        increase their earned income, and reduce their reliance on 
        public assistance, including but not limited to the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program.
            ``(2) Selection criteria.--Pilot projects shall be selected 
        based on criteria the Secretary establishes, that shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing employment and training 
                programs in the State;
                    ``(B) agreeing to participate in the evaluation 
                described in paragraph (3), including making available 
                data on participants' employment activities and post-
                participation employment, earnings, and public benefit 
                receipt;
                    ``(C) collaborating with the State workforce board 
                and other job training programs in the State and local 
                area;
                    ``(D) the extent to which the pilot project's 
                components can be easily replicated by other States or 
                political subdivisions; and
                    ``(E) such additional criteria that ensure that the 
                pilot projects--
                            ``(i) target a variety of populations of 
                        work registrants, including childless adults, 
                        parents, and individuals with low skills or 
                        limited work experience;
                            ``(ii) are selected from a range of 
                        existing employment and training programs 
                        including programs that provide--
                                    ``(I) section 20 workfare;
                                    ``(II) skills development for work 
                                registrants with limited employment 
                                history;
                                    ``(III) post-employment support 
                                services necessary for maintaining 
                                employment; and
                                    ``(IV) education leading to a 
                                recognized postsecondary credential, 
                                registered apprenticeship, or secondary 
                                school diploma or its equivalent;
                            ``(iii) are located in a range of 
                        geographic areas, including rural, urban, and 
                        Indian reservations;
                            ``(iv) include participants who are exempt 
                        and not exempt under section (6)(d)(2).
            ``(3) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
        independent evaluation of projects selected under this 
        subsection to measure the impact of the pilot projects on the 
        ability of each pilot project target population to find and 
        retain employment that leads to increased household income and 
        reduced dependency, compared to what would have occurred in the 
        absence of the pilot project.
            ``(4) Report to congress.--By September 30, 2017, the 
        Secretary shall submit, to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report that includes a 
        description of--
                    ``(A) the results of each pilot project, including 
                an evaluation of the impact of the project on the 
                employment, income, and public benefit receipt of the 
                targeted population of work registrants;
                    ``(B) the Federal, State, and other costs of each 
                pilot project;
                    ``(D) the planned dissemination of the reports' 
                findings with State agencies; and
                    ``(E) the steps and funding necessary to 
                incorporate components of pilot projects that 
                demonstrate increased employment and earnings into 
                State employment and training programs.
            ``(5) Funding.--From amounts made available to under 
        section 18(a)(1), the Secretary shall make $10,000,000 
        availalable for each of the fiscal years 2014, 2015, and 2016 
        to carry out this subsection. Such amounts shall remain 
        available until expended.
            ``(6) Use of funds.--
                    ``(A) Funds provided under this subsection for 
                pilot projects shall be used only for--
                            ``(i) pilot projects that comply with the 
                        provisions of this Act;
                            ``(ii) the costs and administration of the 
                        pilot projects;
                            ``(iii) the costs incurred in providing 
                        information and data to the independent 
                        evaluation under paragraph (3); and
                            ``(iv) the costs of the evaluation under 
                        paragraph (3).
                    ``(B) Funds made available under this subsection 
                may not be used to supplant non-Federal funds used for 
                existing employment and training activities.''.

SEC. 4022. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(a)(1)) is amended in the 1st sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4023. LIMITATION ON USE OF BLOCK GRANT TO PUERTO RICO.

    Section 19(a)(2)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2028(a)(2)(B)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Limitation on use of funds.--None 
                        of the funds made available to the Commonwealth 
                        of Puerto Rico under this subparagraph may be 
                        used to provide nutrition assistance in the 
                        form of cash benefits.''.

SEC. 4024. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.

    (a) Definition.--Section 25(a)(1)(B)(i) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2034(a)(1)(B)(i)) is amended--
            (1) in subclause (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subclause (III) by striking ``or'' at the end and 
        inserting ``and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                                    ``(IV) to provide incentives for 
                                the consumption of fruits and 
                                vegetables among low-income 
                                individuals; or''.
    (b) Additional Funding.--Section 25(b) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2034) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(3) Funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Out of any funds in the Treasury 
                not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the 
                Treasury shall transfer to the Secretary to carry out 
                this section not less than $10,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2014 and each fiscal year thereafter. Of the amount 
                made available under this subparagraph for each such 
                fiscal year, $5,000,000 shall be available to carry out 
                subsection (a)(1)(B)(I)(IV).
                    ``(B) Receipt and acceptance.--The Secretary shall 
                be entitled to receive, shall accept, and shall use to 
                carry out this section, the funds transferred under 
                subparagraph (A) without further appropriation.
                    ``(C) Maintenance of funding.--The funding provided 
                under subparagraph (A) shall supplement (and not 
                supplant) other Federal funding made available to the 
                Secretary to carry out this section.''.

SEC. 4025. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Purchase of Commodities.--Section 27(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and 
        inserting ``2013 through 2018'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2013, $265,750,000;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2014 the dollar amount of 
                commodities specified in subparagraph (A) adjusted by 
                the percentage by which the thrifty food plan has been 
                adjusted under section 3(u)(4) between June 30, 2012 
                and June 30, 2013, and subsequently increased by 
                $20,000,000;''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) by striking ``2010 through 2012, the 
                        dollar amount of commodities specified in'' and 
                        inserting ``2015 through 2018, the total amount 
                        of commodities under''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``2008'' and inserting 
                        ``2013''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Funds availability.--For purposes of the funds 
        described in this subsection, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) make the funds available for 2 fiscal years; 
                and
                    ``(B) allow States to carry over unexpended 
                balances to the next fiscal year pursuant to such terms 
                and conditions as are determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 209(d) 
of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7511a(d)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4026. NUTRITION EDUCATION.

    Section 28 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036a) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b) by inserting ``and physical 
        activity'' after ``healthy food choices''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D) by striking 
                ``$401,000,000;'' and inserting ``$375,000,000; and'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (E); and
                    (C) in subparagraph (F) by striking ``(F) For 
                fiscal year 2016'' and inserting ``(E) For fiscal year 
                2015''.

SEC. 4027. RETAILER TRAFFICKING.

    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 29. RETAILER TRAFFICKING.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide the 
Department of Agriculture with additional resources to prevent 
trafficking in violation of this Act by strengthening recipient and 
retailer program integrity. Additional funds are provided to supplement 
the Department's payment accuracy, and retailer and recipient integrity 
activities.
    ``(b) Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--Out of any funds in the Treasury not 
        otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
        transfer to the Secretary to carry out this section not less 
        than $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.
            ``(2) Receipt and acceptance.--The Secretary shall be 
        entitled to receive, shall accept, and shall use to carry out 
        this section the funds transferred under paragraph (1) without 
        further appropriation.
            ``(3) Maintenance of funding.--The funding provided under 
        paragraph (1) shall supplement (and not supplant) other Federal 
        funding for programs carried out under this Act.''.

SEC. 4028. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g) by striking ``coupon,'' the last 
        place it appears and inserting ``coupon'';
            (2) in subsection (k)(7) by striking ``or are'' and 
        inserting ``and'';
            (3) by striking subsection (l);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (m) through (t) as 
        subsections (l) through (s), respectively; and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (s) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
    ``(t) `Supplemental nutritional assistance program' means the 
program operated pursuant to this Act.''.
    (b) Section 4(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2013(a)) is amended by striking ``benefits'' the last place it appears 
and inserting ``Benefits''.
    (c) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) 
is amended--
            (1) in the last sentence of subsection (i)(2)(D) by 
        striking ``section 13(b)(2)'' and inserting ``section 13(b)''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (k)(4)(A) by striking ``paragraph 
        (2)(H)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(G)''.
    (d) Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2015(d)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)(vii) by moving the left margin 2 
        ems to the left, and
            (2) in subparagraph(F)(iii) by moving the left margin 4 ems 
        to the left.
    (e) Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)) is amended by redesignating the 2d paragraph (12) as paragraph 
(13).
    (f) Section 9(a)(3) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2018(a)) is amended by moving the left margin 2 ems to the left.
    (g) Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2021) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(3)(C) by striking ``civil money 
        penalties'' and inserting ``civil penalties''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1) by striking ``(7 U.S.C. 1786)'' 
        and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 1786)''.
    (h) Section 15(b)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2024(b)(1)) is amended in the 1st sentence by striking ``an 
benefit'' and inserting ``a benefit''.
    (i) Section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(a)) is amended in the proviso following paragraph (8) by striking 
``, as amended.''.
    (j) Section 18(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(e)) is amended in the 1st sentence by striking ``sections 7(f)'' 
and inserting ``section 7(f)''.
    (k) Section 22(b)(10)(B)(i) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2031(b)(10)(B)(i)) is amended in the last sentence by 
striking ``Food benefits'' and inserting ``Benefits''.
    (l) Section 26(f)(3)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2035(f)(3)(C)) is amended by striking ``subsection'' and 
inserting ``subsections''.
    (m) Section 27(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2036(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``(Public Law 98-8; 7 U.S.C. 
612c note)'' and inserting ``(7 U.S.C. 7515)''.
    (n) Section 509 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 
3056g) is amended in the section heading by striking ``food stamp 
programs'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance program''.
    (o) Section 4115(c)(2)(H) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1871) is amended by striking 
``531'' and inserting ``454''.
    (p) Section 3803(c)(2)(C)(vii) of title 31 of the United States 
Code is amended by striking ``section 3(l)'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``section 3(s)''.
    (q) Section 115 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
Reconciliation Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-193) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``section 3(l)'' and 
        inserting ``section 3(s)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2) by striking ``section 3(l)'' and 
        inserting ``section 3(s)''; and
            (3) in subsection (e)(2) by striking ``section 3(l)'' and 
        inserting ``section 3(s)''.
    (r) The Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 
612c) is amended--
            (1) in section 4(a) by striking ``Food Stamp Act of 1977'' 
        and inserting ``Food and Nutrition Act of 2008''; and
            (2) in section 5--
                    (A) in subsection (i)(1) by striking ``Food Stamp 
                Act of 1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition Act of 
                2008''; and
                    (B) in subsection (l)(2)(B) by striking ``Food 
                Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition 
                Act of 2008''.
    (s) The Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 301 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in the heading of section 453(j)(10) by striking ``food 
        stamp'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance'';
            (2) in section 1137--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(5)(B) by striking ``food 
                stamp'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition 
                assistance''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(4) by striking ``food stamp 
                program under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
                inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008''; and
            (3) in the heading of section 1631(n) by striking ``Food 
        Stamp'' and inserting ``Supplemental Nutrition Assistance''.

SEC. 4029. TOLERANCE LEVEL FOR EXCLUDING SMALL ERRORS.

    The Secretary shall set the tolerance level for excluding small 
errors for the purposes of section 16(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c))--
            (1) for fiscal year 2014 at an amount no greater than $25; 
        and
            (2) for each fiscal year thereafter, the amount specified 
        in paragraph (1) adjusted by the percentage by which the 
        thrifty food plan is adjusted under section 3(u)(4) of such Act 
        between June 30, 2012, and June 30 of the immediately preceding 
        fiscal year.

SEC. 4030. COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Prior to establishing the pilot program 
        under subsection (b), the Secretary shall conduct a study to be 
        completed not later than 2 years after the effective date of 
        this section to assess--
                    (A) the capabilities of the Commonwealth of the 
                Northern Mariana Islands to operate the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program in the same manner in 
                which the program is operated in the States (as defined 
                in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act (7 U.S.C. 
                2011 et seq)); and
                    (B) alternative models of the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program operation and benefit 
                delivery that best meet the nutrition assistance needs 
                of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
            (2) Scope.--The study conducted under paragraph (1)(A) will 
        assess the capability of the Commonwealth to fulfill the 
        responsibilities of a State agency, including--
                    (A) extending and limiting participation to 
                eligible households, as prescribed by sections 5 and 6 
                of the Act;
                    (B) issuing benefits through EBT cards, as 
                prescribed by section 7 of the Act;
                    (C) maintaining the integrity of the program, 
                including operation of a quality control system, as 
                prescribed by section 16(c) of the Act;
                    (D) implementing work requirements, including 
                operating an employment and training program, as 
                prescribed by section 6(d) of the Act; and
                    (E) paying a share of administrative costs with 
                non-Federal funds, as prescribed by section 16(a) of 
                the Act.
    (b) Establishment.--If the Secretary determines that a pilot 
program is feasible, the Secretary shall establish a pilot program for 
the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to operate the 
supplemental nutrition assistance program in the same manner in which 
the program is operated in the States.
    (c) Scope.--The Secretary shall utilize the information obtained 
from the study conducted under subsection (a) to establish the scope of 
the pilot program established under subsection (b).
    (d) Report.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report on the pilot program carried out under this section, including 
an analysis of the feasibility of operating in the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
as it is operated in the States.
    (e) Funding.--
            (1) Study.--Of the funds made available under section 
        18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, the Secretary 
        may use not more than $1,000,000 in each of fiscal years 2014 
        and 2015 to conduct the study described in subsection (a).
            (2) Pilot program.--Of the funds made available under 
        section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, for the 
        purposes of establishing and carrying out the pilot program 
        established under subsection (b) of this section, including the 
        Federal costs for providing technical assistance to the 
        Commonwealth, authorizing and monitoring retail food stores, 
        and assessing pilot operations, the Secretary may use not more 
        than--
                    (A) $13,500,000 in fiscal year 2016; and
                    (B) $8,500,000 in each of fiscal years 2017 and 
                2018.

SEC. 4031. ANNUAL STATE REPORT ON VERIFICATION OF SNAP PARTICIPATION.

    (a) Annual Report.--Not later 1 year after the date specified by 
the Secretary in the 180-period beginning on the date of the enactment 
of this Act, and annually thereafter, each State agency that carries 
out the supplemental nutrition assistance program shall submit to the 
Secretary a report containing sufficient information for the Secretary 
to determine whether the State agency has, for the then most recently 
concluded fiscal year preceding such annual date, verified that 
households to which such State agency provided such assistance in such 
fiscal year--
            (1) did not obtain benefits attributable to a deceased 
        individual; and
            (2) did not include an individual who was simultaneously 
        included in a household receiving such assistance in another 
        State.
    (b) Penalty for Noncompliance.--For any fiscal year for which a 
State agency fails to comply with subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
reduce by 50 percent the amount otherwise payable to such State agency 
under section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 with respect 
to such fiscal year.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

    Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 
(7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended in the 1st sentence 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2)(B) of subsection (a) by 
        striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting ``2018'';
            (2) in the 1st sentence of subsection (d)(2) by striking 
        ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Eligibility.--Except as provided in subsection (m), the 
States shall only provide assistance under the commodity supplemental 
food program to low-income individuals aged 60 and older.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Phase-out.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an 
individual who receives assistance under the commodity supplemental 
food program on the day before the effective date of this subsection 
shall continue to receive that assistance until the date on which the 
individual no longer qualifies for assistance under the eligibility 
criteria for the program in effect on the day before the effective date 
of this subsection.''.

SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL NUTRITION 
              PROJECTS.

    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (7 
U.S.C. 1431e(2)(A)) is amended in the 1st sentence by striking ``2012'' 
and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4104. PROCESSING OF COMMODITIES.

    (a) Section 17 of the Commodity Distribution Reform Act and WIC 
Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note) is amended by--
            (1) striking the heading and inserting ``commodity 
        donations and processing''; and
            (2) adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Processing.--For any program included in subsection (b), the 
Secretary may, notwithstanding any other provision of State or Federal 
law relating to the procurement of goods and services--
            ``(1) retain title to commodities delivered to a processor, 
        on behalf of a State (including a State distributing agency and 
        a recipient agency), until such time as end products containing 
        such commodities, or similar commodities as approved by the 
        Secretary, are delivered to a State distributing agency or to a 
        recipient agency; and
            ``(2) promulgate regulations to ensure accountability for 
        commodities provided to a processor for processing into end 
        products, and to facilitate processing of commodities into end 
        products for use by recipient agencies. Such regulations may 
        provide that--
                    ``(A) a processor that receives commodities for 
                processing into end products, or provides a service 
                with respect to such commodities or end products, in 
                accordance with its agreement with a State distributing 
                agency or a recipient agency, provide to the Secretary 
                a bond or other means of financial assurance to protect 
                the value of such commodities; and
                    ``(B) in the event a processor fails to deliver to 
                a State distributing agency or a recipient agency an 
                end product in conformance with the processing 
                agreement entered into under this Act, the Secretary 
                take action with respect to the bond or other means of 
                financial assurance pursuant to regulations promulgated 
                under this paragraph and distribute any proceeds 
                obtained by the Secretary to one or more State 
                distributing agencies and recipient agencies as 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 18 of the Commodity Distribution Reform 
Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note) is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) The term `commodities' means agricultural commodities 
        and their products that are donated by the Secretary for use by 
        recipient agencies.
            ``(2) The term `end product' means a food product that 
        contains processed commodities.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 3 of the 
Commodity Distribution Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 
612c note; Public Law 100-237) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by striking subparagraph (B) 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) the program established under section 4(b) of 
                the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                2013(b));''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(D) by striking ``the Committee 
                on Education and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee 
                on Education and the Workforce'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii) by striking ``section 32 of 
        the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and 
        inserting ``section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 
        612c)'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(1)(D)(iii) by striking subclause (II) 
        and inserting the following:
                                    ``(II) the program established 
                                under section 4(b) of the Food and 
                                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                                2013(b));''; and
            (4) in subsection (k) by striking ``the Committee on 
        Education and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee on 
        Education and the Workforce''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    Section 4402 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3007) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading by striking ``seniors'';
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary of Agriculture shall use to carry 
        out and expand the farmers market nutrition program $20,600,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Additional funding.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this 
        subsection for each of the fiscal years specified in paragraph 
        (1).'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``seniors''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``, and low-
                income families who are determined to be at nutritional 
                risk'' after ``low-income seniors'';
            (4) in subsection (c) by striking ``seniors'';
            (5) in subsection (d) by striking ``seniors'';
            (6) in subsection (e) by striking ``seniors'';
            (7) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
            (8) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) State Grants and Other Assistance.--The Secretary shall carry 
out the Program through grants and other assistance provided in 
accordance with agreements made with States, for implementation through 
State agencies and local agencies, that include provisions--
            ``(1) for the issuance of coupons or vouchers to 
        participating individuals;
            ``(2) establishing an appropriate annual percentage 
        limitation on the use of funds for administrative costs; and
            ``(3) specifying other terms and conditions as the 
        Secretary deems appropriate to encourage expanding the 
        participation of small scale farmers in Federal nutrition 
        programs.''.

SEC. 4202. NUTRITION INFORMATION AND AWARENESS PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 4403 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3171 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

SEC. 4203. FRESH FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PROGRAM.

    Section 19 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 
U.S.C. 1769a) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``fresh'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``fresh'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``fresh''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``fresh''.

SEC. 4204. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY FOR PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS, 
              VEGETABLES, AND OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD CROPS.

    Section 10603 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 612c-4) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Pilot Grant Program for Purchase of Fresh Fruits and 
Vegetables.--
            ``(1) In general.--Using amounts made available to carry 
        out subsection (b), the Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct 
        a pilot program under which the Secretary will give not more 
        than five participating States the option of receiving a grant 
        in an amount equal to the value of the commodities that the 
        participating State would otherwise receive under this section 
        for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Use of grant funds.--A participating State receiving 
        a grant under this subsection may use the grant funds solely to 
        purchase fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
        schools and service institutions in the State that participate 
        in the food service programs under the Richard B. Russell 
        National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) and the 
        Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.).
            ``(3) Selection of participating states.--The Secretary 
        shall select participating States from applications submitted 
        by the States.
            ``(4) Reporting requirements.--
                    ``(A) School and service institution requirement.--
                Schools and service institutions in a participating 
                State shall keep records of purchases of fresh fruits 
                and vegetables made using the grant funds and report 
                such records to the State.
                    ``(B) State requirement.--Each participating State 
                shall submit to the Secretary a report on the success 
                of the pilot program in the State, including 
                information on--
                            ``(i) the amount and value of each type of 
                        fresh fruit and vegetable purchased by the 
                        State; and
                            ``(ii) the benefit provided by such 
                        purchases in conducting the school food service 
                        in the State, including meeting school meal 
                        requirements.''.

SEC. 4205. ENCOURAGING LOCALLY AND REGIONALLY GROWN AND RAISED FOOD.

    (a) Commodity Purchase Streamlining.--The Secretary may permit each 
school food authority with a low annual commodity entitlement value, as 
determined by the Secretary, to elect to substitute locally and 
regionally grown and raised food for the authority's allotment, in 
whole or in part, of commodity assistance for the school meal programs 
under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 
et seq.) and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.), 
if--
            (1) the election is requested by the school food authority;
            (2) the Secretary determines that the election will reduce 
        State and Federal administrative costs; and
            (3) the election will provide the school food authority 
        with greater flexibility to purchase locally and regionally 
        grown and raised foods.
    (b) Farm-to-school Demonstration Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish farm-to-school 
        demonstration programs under which school food authorities, 
        agricultural producers producing for local and regional 
        markets, and other farm-to-school stakeholders will collaborate 
        with the Agriculture Marketing Service to, on a cost neutral 
        basis, source food for the school meal programs under the 
        Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
        seq.) and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et 
        seq.) from local farmers and ranchers in lieu of the commodity 
        assistance provided to the school food authorities for the 
        school meal programs.
            (2) Requirements.--
                    (A) In general.--Each demonstration program carried 
                out under this subsection shall--
                            (i) facilitate and increase the purchase of 
                        unprocessed and minimally processed locally and 
                        regionally grown and raised agricultural 
                        products to be served under the school meal 
                        programs;
                            (ii) test methods to improve procurement, 
                        transportation, and meal preparation processes 
                        for the school meal programs;
                            (iii) assess whether administrative costs 
                        can be saved through increased school food 
                        authority flexibility to source locally and 
                        regionally produced foods for the school meal 
                        programs; and
                            (iv) undertake rigorous evaluation and 
                        share information about results of the 
                        demonstration program, including cost savings, 
                        with the Secretary, other school food 
                        authorities, agricultural producers producing 
                        for the local and regional market, and the 
                        general public.
                    (B) Plans.--In order to be selected to carry out a 
                demonstration program under this subsection, a school 
                food authority shall submit to the Secretary a plan at 
                such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
                require, and containing information with respect to the 
                requirements described in clauses (i) through (iv) of 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
        technical assistance to demonstration program participants to 
        assist such participants to acquire bids from potential vendors 
        in a timely and cost-effective manner.
            (4) Length.--The Secretary shall determine the appropriate 
        length of time for each demonstration program under this 
        subsection.
            (5) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate among 
        relevant agencies of the Department of Agriculture and non-
        governmental organizations with appropriate expertise to 
        facilitate the provision of training and technical assistance 
        necessary to successfully carry out demonstration programs 
        under this subsection.
            (6) Number.--Subject to the availability of funds to carry 
        out this subsection, the Secretary shall select at least 10 
        demonstration programs to be carried out under this subsection.
            (7) Diversity and balance.--In selecting demonstration 
        programs to be carried out under this subsection, the Secretary 
        shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure--
                    (A) geographical diversity;
                    (B) that at least half of the demonstration 
                programs are completed in collaboration with school 
                food authorities with small annual commodity 
                entitlements, as determined by the Secretary;
                    (C) that at least half of the demonstration 
                programs are completed in rural or tribal communities;
                    (D) equitable treatment of school food authorities 
                with a high percentage of students eligible for free or 
                reduced price lunches, as determined by the Secretary; 
                and
                    (E) that at least one of the demonstration programs 
                is completed on a military installation as defined in 
                section 2687(e)(1) of title 10, United States Code.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5001. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 302(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
            (2) in the 1st sentence, by inserting after ``limited 
        liability companies'' the following: ``, and such other legal 
        entities as the Secretary deems appropriate,'';
            (3) in the 2nd sentence, by redesignating clauses (1) 
        through (4) as clauses (A) through (D), respectively;
            (4) in each of the 2nd and 3rd sentences, by striking ``and 
        limited liability companies'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
        entities'';
            (5) in the 3rd sentence, by striking ``(3)'' and ``(4)'' 
        and inserting ``(C)'' and ``(D)'', respectively; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Special deeming rules.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility of certain operating-only 
                entities.--An entity that is or will become only the 
                operator of a family farm is deemed to meet the owner-
                operator requirements of paragraph (1) if the 
                individuals that are the owners of the family farm own 
                more than 50 percent (or such other percentage as the 
                Secretary determines is appropriate) of the entity.
                    ``(B) Eligibility of certain embedded entities.--An 
                entity that is an owner-operator described in paragraph 
                (1), or an operator described in subparagraph (A) of 
                this paragraph that is owned, in whole or in part, by 
                other entities, is deemed to meet the direct ownership 
                requirement imposed under paragraph (1) if at least 75 
                percent of the ownership interests of each embedded 
                entity of such entity is owned directly or indirectly 
                by the individuals that own the family farm.''.
    (b) Direct Farm Ownership Experience Requirement.--Section 
302(b)(1) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(b)(1)) is amended by inserting 
``or has other acceptable experience for a period of time, as 
determined by the Secretary,'' after ``3 years''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 304(c)(2) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)(2)) by 
        striking ``paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 302(a)'' and 
        inserting ``clauses (A) and (B) of section 302(a)(1)''.
            (2) Section 310D of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1934) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting after ``partnership'' the 
                following: ``, or such other legal entities as the 
                Secretary deems appropriate,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``or partners'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``partners, or owners''.

SEC. 5002. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 304(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)) is amended by inserting after 
``limited liability companies'' the following: ``, or such other legal 
entities as the Secretary deems appropriate,''.
    (b) Limitation on Loan Guarantee Amount.--Section 304(e) of such 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(e)) is amended by striking ``75 percent'' and 
inserting ``90 percent''.
    (c) Extension of Program.--Section 304(h) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
1924(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 5003. DOWN PAYMENT LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 310E(b)(1)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)(1)(C)) is amended by striking 
``$500,000'' and inserting ``$667,000''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310E(b) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
1935(b)) is amended by striking the 2nd paragraph (2).

SEC. 5004. ELIMINATION OF MINERAL RIGHTS APPRAISAL REQUIREMENT.

    Section 307 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1927) is amended by striking subsection (d) and redesignating 
subsection (e) as subsection (d).

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5101. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 311(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1941(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
            (2) in the 1st sentence, by inserting after ``limited 
        liability companies'' the following: ``, and such other legal 
        entities as the Secretary deems appropriate,'';
            (3) in the 2nd sentence, by redesignating clauses (1) 
        through (4) as clauses (A) through (D), respectively;
            (4) in each of the 2nd and 3rd sentences, by striking ``and 
        limited liability companies'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
        entities'';
            (5) in the 3rd sentence, by striking ``(3)'' and ``(4)'' 
        and inserting ``(C)'' and ``(D)'', respectively; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Special deeming rule.--An entity that is an operator 
        described in paragraph (1) that is owned, in whole or in part, 
        by other entities, is deemed to meet the direct ownership 
        requirement imposed under paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent 
        of the ownership interests of each embedded entity of such 
        entity is owned directly or indirectly by the individuals that 
        own the family farm.''.

SEC. 5102. ELIMINATION OF RURAL RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT FOR OPERATING 
              LOANS TO YOUTH.

    Section 311(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``who are rural 
residents''.

SEC. 5103. AUTHORITY TO WAIVE PERSONAL LIABILITY FOR YOUTH LOANS DUE TO 
              CIRCUMSTANCES BEYOND BORROWER CONTROL.

    Section 311(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1941(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(5) The Secretary may, on a case by case basis, waive the 
personal liability of a borrower for a loan made under this subsection 
if any default on the loan was due to circumstances beyond the control 
of the borrower.''.

SEC. 5104. MICROLOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(c) Microloans.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        may establish a program to make or guarantee microloans.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not make or 
        guarantee a microloan under this subsection that exceeds 
        $35,000 or that would cause the total principal indebtedness 
        outstanding at any 1 time for microloans made under this 
        chapter to any 1 borrower to exceed $70,000.
            ``(3) Applications.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall limit the administrative burdens and streamline 
        the application and approval process for microloans under this 
        subsection.
            ``(4) Cooperative lending projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary may contract with community-based and 
                nongovernmental organizations, State entities, or other 
                intermediaries, as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate--
                            ``(i) to make or guarantee a microloan 
                        under this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) to provide business, financial, 
                        marketing, and credit management services to 
                        borrowers.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--Before contracting with an 
                entity described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary--
                            ``(i) shall review and approve--
                                    ``(I) the loan loss reserve fund 
                                for microloans established by the 
                                entity; and
                                    ``(II) the underwriting standards 
                                for microloans of the entity; and
                            ``(ii) establish such other requirements 
                        for contracting with the entity as the 
                        Secretary determines necessary.''.
    (b) Exceptions for Direct Loans.--Section 311(c)(2) of such Act (7 
U.S.C. 1941(c)(2)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Exceptions.--In this subsection, the term `direct 
        operating loan' shall not include--
                    ``(A) a loan made to a youth under subsection (b); 
                or
                    ``(B) a microloan made to a beginning farmer or 
                rancher or a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in 
                section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).''.
    (c) Section 312(a) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1942(a)) is amended by 
inserting ``(including a microloan, as defined by the Secretary)'' 
after ``A direct loan''.
    (d) Section 316(a)(2) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1946(a)(2)) is amended 
by inserting ``a microloan to a beginning farmer or rancher or veteran 
farmer or rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)) 
or'' after ``The interest rate on''.

                      Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

SEC. 5201. ELIGIBILITY FOR EMERGENCY LOANS.

    Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``owner-operators (in the case of loans for 
        a purpose under subtitle A) or operators (in the case of loans 
        for a purpose under subtitle B)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``(in the case of farm ownership loans in accordance 
        with subtitle A) owner-operators or operators, or (in the case 
        of loans for a purpose under subtitle B) operators'';
            (2) by inserting after ``limited liability companies'' the 
        1st place it appears the following: ``, or such other legal 
        entities as the Secretary deems appropriate''; and
            (3) by inserting after ``limited liability companies'' the 
        2nd place it appears the following: ``, or other legal 
        entities'';
            (4) by striking ``and limited liability companies,'' and 
        inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
        entities'';
            (5) by striking ``ownership and operator'' and inserting 
        ``ownership or operator''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following: ``An entity that is 
        an owner-operator or operator described in this subsection is 
        deemed to meet the direct ownership requirement imposed under 
        this subsection if at least 75 percent of the ownership 
        interests of each embedded entity of such entity is owned 
        directly or indirectly by the individuals that own the family 
        farm.''.

                 Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
              PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 5302. ELIGIBLE BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    (a) Conforming Amendments Relating to Changes in Eligibility 
Rules.--Section 343(a)(11) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting after ``joint operation,'' the 1st place 
        it appears the following: ``or such other legal entity as the 
        Secretary deems appropriate,'';
            (2) by striking ``or joint operators'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``joint operators, or owners''; and
            (3) by inserting after ``joint operation,'' the 2nd and 3rd 
        place it appears the following: ``or such other legal 
        entity,''.
    (b) Modification of Acreage Ownership Limitation.--Section 
343(a)(11)(F) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(F)) is amended by 
striking ``median acreage'' and inserting ``average acreage''.

SEC. 5303. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding 
subparagraph (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 5304. PRIORITY FOR PARTICIPATION LOANS.

    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(i)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
                                    ``(III) Priority.--In order to 
                                maximize the number of borrowers served 
                                under this clause, the Secretary--
                                            ``(aa) shall give priority 
                                        to applicants who apply under 
                                        the down payment loan program 
                                        under section 310E or joint 
                                        financing arrangements under 
                                        section 307(a)(3)(D); and
                                            ``(bb) may offer other 
                                        financing options under this 
                                        subtitle to applicants only if 
                                        the Secretary determines that 
                                        down payment or other 
                                        participation loan options are 
                                        not a viable approach for the 
                                        applicants.''.

SEC. 5305. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``of the total amount''.

SEC. 5306. CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO BORROWER TRAINING PROVISION, 
              RELATING TO ELIGIBILITY CHANGES.

    Section 359(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2006a(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``section 302(a)(2) 
or 311(a)(2)'' and inserting ``section 302(a)(1)(B) or 311(a)(1)(B)''.

           Subtitle E--State Agricultural Mediation Programs

SEC. 5401. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 506 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) 
is amended by striking ``2015'' and inserting ``2018''.

      Subtitle F--Loans to Purchasers of Highly Fractionated Land

SEC. 5501. LOANS TO PURCHASERS OF HIGHLY FRACTIONATED LAND.

    The first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 U.S.C. 488) is amended 
in subsection (b)(1) by striking ``pursuant to section 205(c) of the 
Indian Land Consolidation Act (25 U.S.C. 2204(c))'' and inserting ``or 
to intermediaries in order to establish revolving loan funds for the 
purchase of highly fractionated land''.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

        Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

SEC. 6001. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.

    Section 306(a)(2)(B)(vii) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)(vii)) by striking ``$30,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting 
``$15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6002. RURAL BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY GRANTS.

    Section 306(a)(11)(D) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(11)(D)) is amended by striking 
``$15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
inserting ``$15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6003. ELIMINATION OF RESERVATION OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES GRANT 
              PROGRAM FUNDS.

    Section 306(a)(19) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)) is amended by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 6004. UTILIZATION OF LOAN GUARANTEES FOR COMMUNITY FACILITIES.

     Section 306(a)(24) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(24)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(C) Utilization of loan guarantees for community 
                facilities.--The Secretary shall consider the benefits 
                to communities that result from using loan guarantees 
                in the Community Facilities Program and to the maximum 
                extent possible utilize guarantees to enhance community 
                involvement.''.

SEC. 6005. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

    Section 306(a)(22) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(22)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(22) Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall continue a 
                national rural water and wastewater circuit rider 
                program that--
                            ``(i) is consistent with the activities and 
                        results of the program conducted before the 
                        date of enactment of this paragraph, as 
                        determined by the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) receives funding from the Secretary, 
                        acting through the Rural Utilities Service.
                    ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
                paragraph $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.''.

SEC. 6006. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
              FACILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by striking 
``$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6007. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 306A(i)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926a(i)(2)) is amended by striking ``$35,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$27,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6008. HOUSEHOLD WATER WELL SYSTEMS.

    Section 306E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926e(d)) is amended by striking ``$10,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6009. RURAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) Flexibility for the Business and Loan Program.--Section 
310B(a)(2)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1932(a)(2)(A)) is amended by inserting ``including working 
capital'' after ``employment''.
    (b) Greater Flexibility for Adequate Collateral Through Accounts 
Receivable.--Section 310B(g)(7) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(7)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``In the discretion of the 
Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the action would not create 
or otherwise contribute to an unreasonable risk of default or loss to 
the Federal Government, the Secretary may take account receivables as 
security for the obligations entered into in connection with loans and 
a borrower may use account receivables as collateral to secure a loan 
made or guaranteed under this subsection.''.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate such regulations 
as are necessary to implement the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 6010. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(e)(12) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)(12)) is amended by striking ``$50,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$40,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6011. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.

    Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(v)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(v)(I)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and not more than 7 percent'' after ``5 
        percent''.

SEC. 6012. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922-1936a) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``SEC. 310H. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall make loans to the entities, 
for the purposes, and subject to the terms and conditions specified in 
the 1st, 2nd, and last sentences of section 623(a) of the Community 
Economic Development Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 9812(a)).
    ``(b) Limitations on Authorization of Appropriations.--For loans 
under subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary not more than $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1323(b)(2) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 7 U.S.C. 1932 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 6013. RURAL WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL INFRASTRUCTURE.

    Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``require'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``require'' after 
        ``(1)'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, require'' after 
        ``314'';
            (4) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``require'' after 
        ``loans,'';
            (5) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(4)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
            (6) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(5)''; and
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) with respect to water and waste disposal direct and 
        guaranteed loans provided under section 306, encourage, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, private or cooperative lenders to 
        finance rural water and waste disposal facilities by--
                    ``(A) maximizing the use of loan guarantees to 
                finance eligible projects in rural communities where 
                the population exceeds 5,500;
                    ``(B) maximizing the use of direct loans to finance 
                eligible projects in rural communities where the impact 
                on rate payers will be material when compared to 
                financing with a loan guarantee;
                    ``(C) establishing and applying a materiality 
                standard when determining the difference in impact on 
                rate payers between a direct loan and a loan guarantee;
                    ``(D) in the case of projects that require interim 
                financing in excess of $500,000, requiring that such 
                projects initially seek such financing from private or 
                cooperative lenders; and
                    ``(E) determining if an existing direct loan 
                borrower can refinance with a private or cooperative 
                lender, including with a loan guarantee, prior to 
                providing a new direct loan.''.

SEC. 6014. SIMPLIFIED APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 333A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Simplified Application Forms.--Except as provided in 
subsection (g)(2) of this section, the Secretary shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, develop a simplified application process, including 
a single page application where possible, for grants and relending 
authorized under sections 306, 306C, 306D, 306E, 310B(b), 310B(c), 
310B(e), 310B(f), 310H, 379B, and 379E.''.
    (b) Report to the Congress.--Within 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a written report 
that contains an evaluation of the implementation of the amendment made 
by subsection (a).

SEC. 6015. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.

    Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 6016. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 379E(d)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2008s(d)(2)) is amended by striking ``$40,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2009 through 2012'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6017. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
2012'' and inserting ``$12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
2009aa-13) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6018. NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 383N(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
2012'' and inserting ``$2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 383O of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
2009bb-13) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6019. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``$50,000,000 for the period 
of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

             Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

SEC. 6101. RELENDING FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

    (a) In General.--The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
901 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 2(a), by inserting ``(including relending 
        for this purpose as provided in section 4)'' after 
        ``efficiency'';
            (2) in section 4(a), by inserting ``(including relending to 
        ultimate consumers for this purpose by borrowers enumerated in 
        the proviso in this section)'' after ``efficiency''; and
            (3) in section 313(b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(acting through the Rural 
                Utilities Service)'' after ``Secretary''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``energy efficiency (including 
                relending to ultimate consumers for this purpose),'' 
                after ``promoting''.
    (b) Current Authority.--The authority provided in this section is 
in addition to any other relending authority of the Secretary under the 
Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et. seq.) or any other 
law.
    (c) Administration.--The Secretary (acting through the Rural 
Utilities Service) shall continue to carry out section 313 of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c) in the same manner as on 
the day before enactment of this Act until such time as any regulations 
necessary to carry out the amendments made by this section are fully 
implemented.

SEC. 6102. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.

    The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after section 4 the following:

``SEC. 5. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.

    ``(a) In General.--For electrification baseload generation loan 
guarantees, the Secretary shall, at the request of the borrower, charge 
an upfront fee to cover the costs of the loan guarantee.
    ``(b) Fee.--The fee described in subsection (a) for a loan 
guarantee shall be equal to the costs of the loan guarantee (within the 
meaning of section 502(5)(C) of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 
(2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(C))).
    ``(c) Limitation.--Funds received from a borrower to pay the fee 
described in this section shall not be derived from a loan or other 
debt obligation that is made or guaranteed by the Federal 
Government.''.

SEC. 6103. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR ELECTRIFICATION OR 
              TELEPHONE PURPOSES.

    Section 313A(f) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c-1(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6104. EXPANSION OF 911 ACCESS.

    Section 315(d) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940e(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6105. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL 
              AREAS.

    Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Priorities.--In making or guaranteeing loans under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give--
                    ``(A) the highest priority to applicants that offer 
                to provide broadband service to the greatest proportion 
                of households that, prior to the provision of the 
                broadband service, had no incumbent service provider; 
                and
                    ``(B) priority to applicants that offer in their 
                applications to provide broadband service not 
                predominantly for business service, but where at least 
                25 percent of customers in the proposed service 
                territory are commercial interests.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                        subparagraph (B);
                            (ii) by striking the period at the end of 
                        subparagraph (C) and inserting a semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) the amount and type of support requested; and
                    ``(E) a list of the census block groups or tracts 
                proposed to be so served.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) Additional process.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        process under which an incumbent service provider which, as of 
        the date of the publication of notice under paragraph (5) with 
        respect to an application submitted by the provider, is 
        providing broadband service to a remote rural area, may (but 
        shall not be required to) submit to the Secretary, not less 
        than 15 and not more than 30 days after that date, information 
        regarding the broadband services that the provider offers in 
        the proposed service territory, so that the Secretary may 
        assess whether the application meets the requirements of this 
        section with respect to eligible projects.'';
            (3) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Requirement.--In considering the technology needs of 
        customers in a proposed service territory, the Secretary shall 
        take into consideration the upgrade or replacement cost for the 
        construction or acquisition of facilities and equipment in the 
        territory.''; and
            (4) in each of subsections (k)(1) and (l), by striking 
        ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6201. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is 
amended by striking ``$100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
through 2012'' and inserting ``$65,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2014 through 2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-551 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 6202. VALUE-ADDED AGRICULTURAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM GRANTS.

    Section 231(b)(7) of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 
(7 U.S.C. 1632a(b)(7)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``2008'' and inserting ``2013''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``$15,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$50,000,000''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

SEC. 6203. AGRICULTURE INNOVATION CENTER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    Section 6402(i) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 1632b(i)) is amended by striking ``$6,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$1,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6204. PROGRAM METRICS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall collect data 
regarding economic activities created through grants and loans, 
including any technical assistance provided as a component of the grant 
or loan program, and measure the short and long term viability of award 
recipients and any entities to whom those recipients provide assistance 
using award funds under section 231 of the Agricultural Risk Protection 
Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. 1621 note; Public Law 106-224), section 9007 of 
the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107), 
section 313(b)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c(b)(2)), or section 306(a)(11), 310B(c), 310B(e), 310B(g), 310H, or 
379E, or subtitle E, of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(11), 1932(c), 1932(e), 1932(g), 2008s, or 2009 
through 2009m).
    (b) Data.--The data collected under subsection (a) shall include 
information collected from recipients both during the award period and 
after the period as determined by the Secretary, but not less than 2 
years after the award period ends.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report that contains the data described in subsection (a). The report 
shall include detailed information regarding--
            (1) actions taken by the Secretary to utilize the data;
            (2) the number of jobs, including self-employment and the 
        value of salaries and wages;
            (3) how the provision of funds from the grant or loan 
        involved affected the local economy;
            (4) any benefit, such as an increase in revenue or customer 
        base; and
            (5) such other information as the Secretary deems 
        appropriate.

SEC. 6205. STUDY OF RURAL TRANSPORTATION ISSUES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of 
Transportation shall publish an updated version of the study described 
in section 6206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary 
of Transportation shall submit to the Congress the updated version of 
the study required by subsection (a).

SEC. 6206. CERTAIN FEDERAL ACTIONS NOT TO BE CONSIDERED MAJOR.

    In the case of a loan, loan guarantee, or grant program in the 
rural development mission area of the Department of Agriculture, an 
action of the Secretary before, on, or after the date of enactment of 
this Act that does not involve the provision by the Department of 
Agriculture of Federal dollars or a Federal loan guarantee, including--
            (1) the approval by the Department of Agriculture of the 
        decision of a borrower to commence a privately funded activity;
            (2) a lien accommodation or subordination;
            (3) a debt settlement or restructuring; or
            (4) the restructuring of a business entity by a borrower,
shall not be considered a major Federal action.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

SEC. 7101. OPTION TO BE INCLUDED AS NON-LAND-GRANT COLLEGE OF 
              AGRICULTURE.

    Section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) Cooperating forestry school.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `cooperating forestry 
                school' means an institution--
                            ``(i) that is eligible to receive funds 
                        under the Act of October 10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 
                        582a et seq.), commonly known as the McIntire-
                        Stennis Act of 1962; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to which the Secretary 
                        has not received a declaration of the intent of 
                        that institution to not be considered a 
                        cooperating forestry school.
                    ``(B) Termination of declaration.--A declaration of 
                the intent of an institution to not be considered a 
                cooperating forestry school submitted to the Secretary 
                shall be in effect until September 30, 2018.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``that'';
                            (ii) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``that'' before 
                                ``qualify''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' at the 
                                end;
                            (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``that'' before 
                                ``offer''; and
                                    (II) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
                        clause:
                            ``(iii) with respect to which the Secretary 
                        has not received a statement of the declaration 
                        of the intent of a college or university to not 
                        be considered a Hispanic-serving agricultural 
                        college or university.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Termination of declaration of intent.--A 
                declaration of the intent of a college or university to 
                not be considered a Hispanic-serving agricultural 
                college or university submitted to the Secretary shall 
                be in effect until September 30, 2018.''.

SEC. 7102. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, EDUCATION, AND 
              ECONOMICS ADVISORY BOARD.

    (a) Extension of Termination Date.--Section 1408(h) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Duties of National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, 
and Economics Advisory Board.--Section 1408(c) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) consult with industry groups on agricultural 
        research, extension, education, and economics, and make 
        recommendations to the Secretary based on that consultation.''.

SEC. 7103. SPECIALTY CROP COMMITTEE.

    Section 1408A(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Measures'' and 
        inserting ``Programs'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``Programs that would'' and inserting 
                ``Research, extension, and teaching programs designed 
                to improve competitiveness in the specialty crop 
                industry, including programs that would'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``including 
                improving the quality and taste of processed specialty 
                crops'' before the semicolon; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``the remote 
                sensing and the'' before ``mechanization''.

SEC. 7104. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.

    The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1415A (7 U.S.C. 
3151a) the following new section:

``SEC. 1415B. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Qualified entity.--The term `qualified entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a for-profit or nonprofit entity located in 
                the United States that, or an individual who, operates 
                a veterinary clinic providing veterinary services--
                            ``(i) in a rural area, as defined in 
                        section 343(a) of the Consolidated Farm and 
                        Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)); and
                            ``(ii) in a veterinarian shortage 
                        situation;
                    ``(B) a State, national, allied, or regional 
                veterinary organization or specialty board recognized 
                by the American Veterinary Medical Association;
                    ``(C) a college or school of veterinary medicine 
                accredited by the American Veterinary Medical 
                Association;
                    ``(D) a university research foundation or 
                veterinary medical foundation;
                    ``(E) a department of veterinary science or 
                department of comparative medicine accredited by the 
                Department of Education;
                    ``(F) a State agricultural experiment station; or
                    ``(G) a State, local, or tribal government agency.
            ``(2) Veterinarian shortage situation.--The term 
        `veterinarian shortage situation' means a veterinarian shortage 
        situation as determined by the Secretary under section 1415A.
    ``(b) Establishment.--
            ``(1) Competitive grants.--The Secretary shall carry out a 
        program to make competitive grants to qualified entities that 
        carry out programs or activities described in paragraph (2) for 
        the purpose of developing, implementing, and sustaining 
        veterinary services.
            ``(2) Eligibility requirements.--A qualified entity shall 
        be eligible to receive a grant described in paragraph (1) if 
        the entity carries out programs or activities that the 
        Secretary determines will--
                    ``(A) substantially relieve veterinarian shortage 
                situations;
                    ``(B) support or facilitate private veterinary 
                practices engaged in public health activities; or
                    ``(C) support or facilitate the practices of 
                veterinarians who are providing or have completed 
                providing services under an agreement entered into with 
                the Secretary under section 1415A(a)(2).
    ``(c) Award Processes and Preferences.--
            ``(1) Application, evaluation, and input processes.--In 
        administering the grant program established under this section, 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) use an appropriate application and evaluation 
                process, as determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) seek the input of interested persons.
            ``(2) Coordination preference.--In selecting recipients of 
        grants to be used for any of the purposes described in 
        subsection (d)(1), the Secretary shall give a preference to 
        qualified entities that provide documentation of coordination 
        with other qualified entities, with respect to any such 
        purpose.
            ``(3) Consideration of available funds.--In selecting 
        recipients of grants to be used for any of the purposes 
        described in subsection (d), the Secretary shall take into 
        consideration the amount of funds available for grants and the 
        purposes for which the grant funds will be used.
            ``(4) Nature of grants.--A grant awarded under this section 
        shall be considered to be a competitive research, extension, or 
        education grant.
    ``(d) Use of Grants To Relieve Veterinarian Shortage Situations and 
Support Veterinary Services.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
        qualified entity may use funds provided by a grant awarded 
        under this section to relieve veterinarian shortage situations 
        and support veterinary services for any of the following 
        purposes:
                    ``(A) To promote recruitment (including for 
                programs in secondary schools), placement, and 
                retention of veterinarians, veterinary technicians, 
                students of veterinary medicine, and students of 
                veterinary technology.
                    ``(B) To allow veterinary students, veterinary 
                interns, externs, fellows, and residents, and 
                veterinary technician students to cover expenses (other 
                than the types of expenses described in section 
                1415A(c)(5)) to attend training programs in food safety 
                or food animal medicine.
                    ``(C) To establish or expand accredited veterinary 
                education programs (including faculty recruitment and 
                retention), veterinary residency and fellowship 
                programs, or veterinary internship and externship 
                programs carried out in coordination with accredited 
                colleges of veterinary medicine.
                    ``(D) To provide continuing education and 
                extension, including veterinary telemedicine and other 
                distance-based education, for veterinarians, veterinary 
                technicians, and other health professionals needed to 
                strengthen veterinary programs and enhance food safety.
                    ``(E) To provide technical assistance for the 
                preparation of applications submitted to the Secretary 
                for designation as a veterinarian shortage situation 
                under this section or section 1415A.
            ``(2) Qualified entities operating veterinary clinics.--A 
        qualified entity described in subsection (a)(1)(A) may only use 
        funds provided by a grant awarded under this section to 
        establish or expand veterinary practices, including--
                    ``(A) equipping veterinary offices;
                    ``(B) sharing in the reasonable overhead costs of 
                such veterinary practices, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                    ``(C) establishing mobile veterinary facilities in 
                which a portion of the facilities will address 
                education or extension needs.
    ``(e) Special Requirements for Certain Grants.--
            ``(1) Terms of service requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Funds provided through a grant 
                made under this section to a qualified entity described 
                in subsection (a)(1)(A) and used by such entity under 
                subsection (d)(2) shall be subject to an agreement 
                between the Secretary and such entity that includes a 
                required term of service for such entity (including a 
                qualified entity operating as an individual), as 
                prospectively established by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing a term of 
                service under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                consider only--
                            ``(i) the amount of the grant awarded; and
                            ``(ii) the specific purpose of the grant.
            ``(2) Breach remedies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An agreement under paragraph (1) 
                shall provide remedies for any breach of the agreement 
                by the qualified entity referred to in paragraph 
                (1)(A), including repayment or partial repayment of the 
                grant funds, with interest.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a waiver of 
                the repayment obligation for breach of contract if the 
                Secretary determines that such qualified entity 
                demonstrates extreme hardship or extreme need.
                    ``(C) Treatment of amounts recovered.--Funds 
                recovered under this paragraph shall--
                            ``(i) be credited to the account available 
                        to carry out this section; and
                            ``(ii) remain available until expended 
                        without further appropriation.
    ``(f) Prohibition on Use of Grant Funds for Construction.--Except 
as provided in subsection (d)(2), funds made available for grants under 
this section may not be used--
            ``(1) to construct a new building or facility; or
            ``(2) to acquire, expand, remodel, or alter an existing 
        building or facility, including site grading and improvement 
        and architect fees.
    ``(g) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
to carry out this section.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available 
until expended.''.

SEC. 7105. GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SCIENCES 
              EDUCATION.

    Section 1417(m) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3152(m)) is amended by 
striking ``section $60,000,000'' and all that follows and inserting the 
following: ``section--
            ``(1) $60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1990 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7106. POLICY RESEARCH CENTERS.

    Section 1419A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3155) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``agricultural and 
        food'' before ``policy'';
            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary may'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary shall, acting through the Office of the 
                Chief Economist,'';
                    (B) by striking ``make grants, competitive grants, 
                and special research grants to, and enter into 
                cooperative agreements and other contracting 
                instruments with,'' and inserting ``make competitive 
                grants to or enter into cooperative agreements with''; 
                and
                    (C) by inserting ``with a history of providing 
                unbiased, nonpartisan economic analysis to Congress'' 
                after ``subsection (b)'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``other research 
        institutions'' and all that follows through ``shall be 
        eligible'' and inserting ``and other public research 
        institutions and organizations shall be eligible'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (b), the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Preference.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give a preference to policy research centers that have 
extensive databases, models, and demonstrated experience in providing 
Congress with agricultural market projections, rural development 
analysis, agricultural policy analysis, and baseline projections at the 
farm, multiregional, national, and international levels.''; and
            (6) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (4)) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1996 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7107. REPEAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION INTERVENTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION 
              RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1424 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3174) is repealed.

SEC. 7108. REPEAL OF PILOT RESEARCH PROGRAM TO COMBINE MEDICAL AND 
              AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section1424A of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3174a) is repealed.

SEC. 7109. NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 1425(f) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175(f)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7110. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    Section 1433 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3195) is amended by striking the 
section designation and heading and all that follows through subsection 
(a) and inserting the following:

``SEC. 1433. APPROPRIATIONS FOR CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE 
              RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to support continuing animal health and disease research 
        programs at eligible institutions--
                    ``(A) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 
                through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.
            ``(2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this 
        section shall be used--
                    ``(A) to meet the expenses of conducting animal 
                health and disease research, publishing and 
                disseminating the results of such research, and 
                contributing to the retirement of employees subject to 
                the Act of March 4, 1940 (7 U.S.C. 331);
                    ``(B) for administrative planning and direction; 
                and
                    ``(C) to purchase equipment and supplies necessary 
                for conducting the research described in subparagraph 
                (A).''.

SEC. 7111. REPEAL OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR RESEARCH ON NATIONAL OR 
              REGIONAL PROBLEMS.

    (a) Repeal.--Effective October 1, 2013, section 1434 of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3196) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Matching funds.--Section 1438 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3200) is amended in the first sentence by 
        striking ``, exclusive of the funds provided for research on 
        specific national or regional animal health and disease 
        problems under the provisions of section 1434 of this title,''.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations for existing and 
        certain new agricultural research programs.--Section 1463(c) of 
        the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311(c)) is amended by striking 
        ``sections 1433 and 1434'' and inserting ``section 1433''.

SEC. 7112. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES FACILITIES 
              AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE 
              UNIVERSITY.

    Section 1447(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7113. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SCIENCE FACILITIES 
              AND EQUIPMENT AT INSULAR AREA LAND-GRANT INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Supporting Tropical and Subtropical Agricultural Research.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1447B(a) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the intent of Congress to assist the land-
grant colleges and universities in the insular areas in efforts to--
            ``(1) acquire, alter, or repair facilities or relevant 
        equipment necessary for conducting agricultural research; and
            ``(2) support tropical and subtropical agricultural 
        research, including pest and disease research.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1447B of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2) is amended in the heading--
                    (A) by inserting ``and support tropical and 
                subtropical agricultural research'' after 
                ``equipment''; and
                    (B) by striking ``institutions'' and inserting 
                ``colleges and universities''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 1447B(d) of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-
2(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7114. REPEAL OF NATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING VIRTUAL CENTERS.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1448 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3222c) is repealed.

SEC. 7115. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1455(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3241(c)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7116. COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM FOR HISPANIC AGRICULTURAL WORKERS 
              AND YOUTH.

    Section 1456(e)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3243(e)(1)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        competitive grants program--
                    ``(A) to fund fundamental and applied research and 
                extension at Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and 
                universities in agriculture, human nutrition, food 
                science, bioenergy, and environmental science; and
                    ``(B) to award competitive grants to Hispanic-
                serving agricultural colleges and universities to 
                provide for training in the food and agricultural 
                sciences of Hispanic agricultural workers and Hispanic 
                youth working in the food and agricultural sciences.''.

SEC. 7117. COMPETITIVE GRANTS FOR INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE 
              AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 1459A(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3292b(c)) is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7118. REPEAL OF RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1462A of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3310a) is repealed.

SEC. 7119. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH.

    Section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311) is amended in both of 
subsections (a) and (b) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7120. EXTENSION SERVICE.

    Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7121. AUDITING, REPORTING, BOOKKEEPING, AND ADMINISTRATIVE 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1469 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3315) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by adding ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (3);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as 
        subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Administrative Expenses.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may 
        retain not more than 4 percent of amounts made available for 
        agricultural research, extension, and teaching assistance 
        programs for the administration of those programs authorized 
        under this Act or any other Act.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--The limitation on administrative 
        expenses under paragraph (1) shall not apply to peer panel 
        expenses under subsection (d) or any other provision of law 
        related to the administration of agricultural research, 
        extension, and teaching assistance programs that contains a 
        limitation on administrative expenses that is less than the 
        limitation under paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Agreements With Non-Federal Entities.--
            ``(1) Former agricultural research facilities of the 
        department.--To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary, 
        for purposes of supporting ongoing research and information 
        dissemination activities, including supporting research and 
        those activities through co-locating scientists and other 
        technical personnel, sharing of laboratory and field equipment, 
        and providing financial support, shall enter into grants, 
        contracts, cooperative agreements, or other legal instruments 
        with former Department of Agriculture agricultural research 
        facilities.
            ``(2) Agreements with agricultural research 
        organizations.--The Secretary, for purposes of receiving from a 
        non-Federal agricultural research organization support for 
        agricultural research, including staffing, laboratory and field 
        equipment, or direct financial assistance, may enter into 
        grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, or other legal 
        instruments with an agricultural research organization, the 
        operation of which is consistent with the research mission and 
        programs of an agricultural research facility of the Department 
        of Agriculture.''.

SEC. 7122. SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations and Termination.--Section 1473D 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
    (b) Competitive Grants.--Section 1473D(c)(1) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3319d(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``use such research funding, 
special or competitive grants, or other means, as the Secretary 
determines,'' and inserting ``make competitive grants''.

SEC. 7123. CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS FOR NLGCA INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1473F(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319i(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7124. AQUACULTURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Competitive Grants.--Section 1475(b) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3322(b)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
inserting ``competitive'' before ``grants''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1477 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3324) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1477. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this subtitle--
            ``(1) $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Use.--Funds made available under this section 
may not be used to acquire or construct a building.''.

SEC. 7125. RANGELAND RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    Section 1483(a) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3336(a)) is amended by 
striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and inserting the following: 
``subtitle--
            ``(1) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7126. SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR BIOSECURITY PLANNING AND RESPONSE.

    Section 1484(a) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3351(a)) is amended by 
striking ``response such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows 
and inserting the following: ``response--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7127. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RESIDENT INSTRUCTION GRANTS PROGRAM 
              FOR INSULAR AREA INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    (a) Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas.--
            (1) Competitive grants.--Section 1490(a) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(a)) is amended by striking ``or 
        noncompetitive''.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 1490(f) of 
        the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(f)) is amended by striking 
        ``section'' and all that follows and inserting the following: 
        ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
    (b) Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 1491(c) 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363(c)) is amended by striking ``such sums as 
are necessary'' and all that follows and inserting the following: ``to 
carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7128. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subtitle:

                    ``Subtitle P--General Provisions

``SEC. 1492. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--The recipient of a competitive grant that is 
awarded by the Secretary under a covered law shall provide funds, in-
kind contributions, or a combination of both, from sources other than 
funds provided through such grant in an amount at least equal to the 
amount of such grant.
    ``(b) Exception.--The matching funds requirement under subsection 
(a) shall not apply to grants awarded--
            ``(1) to a research agency of the Department of 
        Agriculture;
            ``(2) to an entity eligible to receive funds under a 
        capacity and infrastructure program (as defined in section 
        251(f)(1)(C) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization 
        Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C))), including a partner of 
        such entity.
    ``(c) Covered Law.--In this section, the term `covered law' means 
each of the following provisions of law:
            ``(1) This title.
            ``(2) Title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.).
            ``(3) The Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
        Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601 et seq.).
            ``(4) Part III of subtitle E of title VII of the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 3202 et seq.).
            ``(5) The Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
        Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (9) of subsection (b) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (2) in the heading, by inserting ``for equipment grants'' 
        after ``funds'';
            (3) by striking ``(A) Equipment grants.--''; and
            (4) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B), respectively, and moving the margins of such 
        subparagraphs two ems to the left.
    (c) Application to Amendments.--
            (1) New grants.--Section 1492 of the National Agricultural, 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, as added 
        by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to grants described 
        in such section awarded after October 1, 2013, unless the 
        provision of a covered law under which such grants are awarded 
        specifically exempts such grants from the matching funds 
        requirement under such section.
            (2) Existing grants.--A matching funds requirement in 
        effect on or before October 1, 2013, under a covered law shall 
        continue to apply to a grant awarded under such provision of 
        law on or before that date.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

SEC. 7201. BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1624 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5814) is amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by striking ``$40,000,000 for each fiscal year''; and
            (2) by inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2013 through 2018'' after ``chapter''.

SEC. 7202. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.

    Section 1627(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5821(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section through the National Institute 
of Food and Agriculture $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 
through 2018.''.

SEC. 7203. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 1628(f) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5831(f)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7204. NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM.

    Section 1629(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5832(i)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the National Training Program $20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7205. NATIONAL GENETICS RESOURCES PROGRAM.

    Section 1635(b) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5844(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such funds as may be necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``subtitle--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1991 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7206. REPEAL OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM.

    Effective October 1, 2013, subtitle D of title XVI of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5851 et 
seq.) is repealed.

SEC. 7207. REPEAL OF RURAL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE EXTENSION PROGRAM.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1670 of the Food, Agriculture, 
Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5923) is repealed.

SEC. 7208. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL GENOME INITIATIVE.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1671 of the Food, Agriculture, 
Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5924) is repealed.

SEC. 7209. HIGH-PRIORITY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES.

    Section 1672 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a), by striking 
        ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting ``subsections (e) 
        and (f)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting 
        ``subsections (e) and (f)'';
            (3) by striking subsections (e), (f), and (i);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (g), (h), and (j) as 
        subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
            (5) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))--
                    (A) by striking ``2012'' each place it appears in 
                paragraphs (1)(B), (2)(B), and (3) and inserting 
                ``2018''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and 
                        honey bee health disorders'' after 
                        ``collapse''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, 
                        including best management practices'' after 
                        ``strategies''; and
            (6) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), 
        by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7210. REPEAL OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND EXTENSION 
              INITIATIVE.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1672A of the Food, Agriculture, 
Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925a) is repealed.

SEC. 7211. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.

    Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(e) Farm Business Management Encouraged.--Following the 
completion of a peer review process for grant proposals received under 
this section, the Secretary shall give a priority to grant proposals 
found in the review process to be scientifically meritorious using the 
same criteria the Secretary uses to give priority to grants under 
section 1672D(b).''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the heading of such paragraph, by 
                        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
                    ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the heading of such paragraph, by 
                        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
                        ``2018''.

SEC. 7212. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOENERGY FEEDSTOCK AND ENERGY 
              EFFICIENCY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.

    (a) Repeal.--Effective October 1, 2013, section 1672C of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925e) is 
repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 251(f)(1)(D) of the Department 
of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(D)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking clause (xi); and
            (2) by redesignating clauses (xii) and (xiii) as clauses 
        (xi) and (xii), respectively.

SEC. 7213. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.

    Section 1672D(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925f(d)) is amended by striking ``such sums as 
are necessary to carry out this section.'' and inserting the following: 
``to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7214. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 is 
amended by inserting after section 1672D (7 U.S.C. 5925f) the following 
new section:

``SEC. 1673. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    ``(a) Funding Priorities.--The Secretary shall prioritize centers 
of excellence established for specific agricultural commodities for the 
receipt of funding for any competitive research or extension program 
administered by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Composition.--A center of excellence is composed of 1 or more 
of the eligible entities specified in subsection (b)(7) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(b)(7)) that provide financial or in-kind support to the center of 
excellence.
    ``(c) Criteria for Centers of Excellence.--
            ``(1) Required efforts.--The criteria for consideration to 
        be recognized as a center of excellence shall include efforts--
                    ``(A) to ensure coordination and cost effectiveness 
                by reducing unnecessarily duplicative efforts regarding 
                research, teaching, and extension;
                    ``(B) to leverage available resources by using 
                public/private partnerships among agricultural industry 
                groups, institutions of higher education, and the 
                Federal Government;
                    ``(C) to implement teaching initiatives to increase 
                awareness and effectively disseminate solutions to 
                target audiences through extension activities; and
                    ``(D) to increase the economic returns to rural 
                communities by identifying, attracting, and directing 
                funds to high-priority agricultural issues.
            ``(2) Additional efforts.--Where practicable, the criteria 
        for consideration to be recognized as a center of excellence 
        shall include efforts to improve teaching capacity and 
        infrastructure at colleges and universities (including land-
        grant institutions, schools of forestry, schools of veterinary 
        medicine, and NLGCA Institutions).''.

SEC. 7215. REPEAL OF RED MEAT SAFETY RESEARCH CENTER.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 1676 of the Food, Agriculture, 
Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5929) is repealed.

SEC. 7216. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM FOR FARMERS WITH DISABILITIES.

    Section 1680(c)(1) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933(c)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``is'' and inserting ``are''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``section--
                    ``(A) $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 
                through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''.

SEC. 7217. NATIONAL RURAL INFORMATION CENTER CLEARINGHOUSE.

    Section 2381(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3125b(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

SEC. 7301. RELEVANCE AND MERIT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
              EDUCATION FUNDED BY THE DEPARTMENT.

    Section 103(a)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7613(a)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading by striking ``Merit review of 
        extension'' and inserting ``Relevance and merit review of 
        research, extension,'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``relevance and'' before 
                ``merit''; and
                    (B) by striking ``extension or education'' and 
                inserting ``research, extension, or education''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on a continuous 
        basis'' after ``procedures''.

SEC. 7302. INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION COMPETITIVE 
              GRANTS PROGRAM.

    Section 406(f) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626(f)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7303. REPEAL OF COORDINATED PROGRAM OF RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
              EDUCATION TO IMPROVE VIABILITY OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE 
              DAIRY, LIVESTOCK, AND POULTRY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Repeal.--Effective October 1, 2013, section 407 of the 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 
U.S.C. 7627) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 251(f)(1)(D) of the Department 
of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(D)), as 
amended by section 7212(b), is further amended--
            (1) by striking clause (xi) (as redesignated by section 
        7212(b)); and
            (2) by redesignating clause (xii) (as redesignated by 
        section 7212(b)) as clause (xi).

SEC. 7304. FUSARIUM GRAMINEARUM GRANTS.

    Section 408(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7628(e)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7305. REPEAL OF BOVINE JOHNE'S DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 409 of the Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7629) 
is repealed.

SEC. 7306. GRANTS FOR YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.

    Section 410(d) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630(d)) is amended by striking 
``section such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7307. SPECIALTY CROP RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

    Section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and genomics'' 
                and inserting ``genomics, and other methods''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``handling and 
                processing,'' after ``production efficiency,'';
            (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(d) Research Projects.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall award competitive grants on the basis of--
            ``(1) an initial scientific peer review conducted by a 
        panel of subject matter experts from Federal agencies, non-
        Federal entities, and the specialty crop industry; and
            ``(2) a final funding determination made by the Secretary 
        based on a review and ranking for merit, relevance, and impact 
        conducted by a panel of specialty crop industry representatives 
        for the specific specialty crop.''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking ``(1) 
                        Mandatory funding for fiscal years 2008 through 
                        2012.--Of the funds'' and inserting the 
                        following:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2008 through 2012.--Of the 
                funds''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Subsequent funding.--Of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make 
                available to carry out this section--
                            ``(i) $50,000,000 for fiscal years 2014 and 
                        2015;
                            ``(ii) $55,000,000 for fiscal years 2016 
                        and 2017; and
                            ``(iii) $65,000,000 for fiscal year 2018 
                        and each fiscal year thereafter.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and 
                inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7308. FOOD ANIMAL RESIDUE AVOIDANCE DATABASE PROGRAM.

    Section 604(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7642(e)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7309. REPEAL OF NATIONAL SWINE RESEARCH CENTER.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 612 of the Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-
185; 112 Stat. 605) is repealed.

SEC. 7310. OFFICE OF PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.

    Section 614(f) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7653(f)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7311. REPEAL OF STUDIES OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
              EDUCATION.

    Effective October 1, 2013, subtitle C of title VI of the 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 
U.S.C. 7671 et seq.) is repealed.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

SEC. 7401. CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS ACT.

    Section 16(a) of the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 
178n(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``Act'' and all that follows and inserting 
        the following: ``Act--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1991 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7402. EQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL LAND-GRANT STATUS ACT OF 1994.

    (a) Definition of 1994 Institutions.--Section 532 of the Equity in 
Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Memorial'';
            (2) in paragraph (26), by striking ``Community'';
            (3) by striking paragraphs (5), (10), and (27);
            (4) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (6), 
        (7), (8), (9), (14), (15), (16), (17), (18), (19), (20), (21), 
        (22), (23), (24), (25), (26), (28), (29), (30), (31), (32), 
        (33), and (34) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), (7), (8), (9), (5), 
        (10), (15), (17), (18), (19), (20), (22), (23), (24), (25), 
        (32), (26), (27), (28), (29), (30), (31), (33), (34), (35), and 
        (14), respectively, and transferring the paragraphs so as to 
        appear in numerical order;
            (5) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) Aaniih Nakoda College.'';
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (5) (as so redesignated), 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) College of the Muscogee Nation.'';
            (7) by inserting after paragraph (15) (as so redesignated) 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(16) Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College.''; and
            (8) by inserting after paragraph (20) (as so redesignated) 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(21) Navajo Technical College.''.
    (b) Endowment for 1994 Institutions.--Section 533(b) of the Equity 
in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Institutional Capacity Building Grants.--Section 535 of the 
Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; 
Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it 
appears in subsections (b)(1) and (c) and inserting ``2018''.
    (d) Research Grants.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 536(c) of the 
        Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
        301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence 
        by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
            (2) Research grant requirements.--Section 536(b) of the 
        Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
        301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``with at 
        least 1 other land-grant college or university'' and all that 
        follows and inserting the following: ``with--
            ``(1) the Agricultural Research Service of the Department 
        of Agriculture; or
            ``(2) at least 1--
                    ``(A) other land-grant college or university 
                (exclusive of another 1994 Institution);
                    ``(B) non-land-grant college of agriculture (as 
                defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural 
                Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
                U.S.C. 3103)); or
                    ``(C) cooperating forestry school (as defined in 
                that section).''.

SEC. 7403. RESEARCH FACILITIES ACT.

    Section 6(a) of the Research Facilities Act (7 U.S.C. 390d(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7404. REPEAL OF CARBON CYCLE RESEARCH.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 221 of the Agricultural Risk 
Protection Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. 6711) is repealed.

SEC. 7405. COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL, AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANT ACT.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b)(11)(A) of the Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(11)(A)) is amended 
in the matter preceding clause (i) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Priority Areas.--Subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in clause (vi), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (vii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                            ``(viii) plant-based foods that are major 
                        sources of nutrients of concern (as determined 
                        by the Secretary).'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (vii), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in clause (viii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                            ``(ix) the research and development of 
                        surveillance methods, vaccines, vaccination 
                        delivery systems, or diagnostic tests for pests 
                        and diseases (especially zoonotic diseases) in 
                        wildlife reservoirs presenting a potential 
                        concern to public health or domestic livestock 
                        and pests and diseases in minor species 
                        (including deer, elk, and bison); and
                            ``(x) the identification of animal drug 
                        needs and the generation and dissemination of 
                        data for safe and effective therapeutic 
                        applications of animal drugs for minor species 
                        and minor uses of such drugs in major 
                        species.'';
            (3) in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by inserting before the 
                semicolon ``, including the effects of plant-based 
                foods that are major sources of nutrients of concern on 
                diet and health'';
                    (B) in clause (iii), by inserting before the 
                semicolon ``, including plant-based foods that are 
                major sources of nutrients of concern'';
                    (C) in clause (iv), by inserting before the 
                semicolon ``, including postharvest practices conducted 
                with respect to plant-based foods that are major 
                sources of nutrients of concern''; and
                    (D) in clause (v), by inserting before the period 
                ``, including improving the functionality of plant-
                based foods that are major sources of nutrients of 
                concern'';
            (4) in subparagraph (D)--
                    (A) by redesignating clauses (iv), (v), and (vi) as 
                clauses (v), (vi), and (vii), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after clause (iii) the following 
                new clause:
                            ``(iv) the effectiveness of conservation 
                        practices and technologies designed to address 
                        nutrient losses and improve water quality;''; 
                        and
            (5) in subparagraph (F)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                inserting ``economics,'' after ``trade,'';
                    (B) by redesignating clauses (v) and (vi) as 
                clauses (vi) and (vii), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (iv) the following 
                new clause:
                            ``(v) the economic costs, benefits, and 
                        viability of producers adopting conservation 
                        practices and technologies designed to improve 
                        water quality;''.
    (c) General Administration.--Subsection (b)(4) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(4)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) establish procedures under which a commodity 
                board established under a commodity promotion law (as 
                such term is defined under section 501(a) of the 
                Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
                (7 U.S.C. 7401(a))) or a State commodity board (or 
                other equivalent State entity) may directly submit to 
                the Secretary proposals for requests for applications 
                to specifically address particular issues related to 
                the priority areas specified in paragraph (2).''.
    (d) Special Considerations.--Subsection (b)(6) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(6)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) to eligible entities to carry out the 
                specific research proposals submitted under procedures 
                established under paragraph (4)(F).''.
    (e) Eligible Entities.--Subsection (b)(7)(G) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(7)(G)) is 
amended by striking ``or corporations'' and inserting ``, foundations, 
or corporations''.
    (f) Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4.--Subsection (e) of 
the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``minor use 
        pesticides'' and inserting ``pesticides for minor agricultural 
        use and for use on specialty crops (as defined in section 3 of 
        the Specialty Crop Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 
        note)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and for use 
                on specialty crops'' after ``minor agricultural use'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) prioritize potential pest management 
                technology for minor agricultural use and for use on 
                specialty crops;
                    ``(D) conduct research to develop the data 
                necessary to facilitate pesticide registrations, 
                reregistrations, and associated tolerances;
                    ``(E) assist in removing trade barriers caused by 
                residues of pesticides registered for minor 
                agricultural use and for use on domestically grown 
                specialty crops;
                    ``(F) assist in the registration and reregistration 
                of pest management technologies for minor agricultural 
                use and for use on specialty crops; and''.
    (g) Emphasis on Sustainable Agriculture.--The Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i) is amended by 
striking subsection (k).

SEC. 7406. RENEWABLE RESOURCES EXTENSION ACT OF 1978.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 6 of the Renewable 
Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1675) is amended in the 
first sentence by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Termination Date.--Section 8 of the Renewable Resources 
Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 note; Public Law 95-306) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7407. NATIONAL AQUACULTURE ACT OF 1980.

    Section 10 of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 2809) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 7408. REPEAL OF USE OF REMOTE SENSING DATA.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 892 of the Federal Agriculture 
Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 5935) is repealed.

SEC. 7409. REPEAL OF REPORTS UNDER FARM SECURITY AND RURAL INVESTMENT 
              ACT OF 2002.

    (a) Repeal of Report on Producers and Handlers for Organic 
Products.--Effective October 1, 2013, section 7409 of the Farm Security 
and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925b note; Public Law 107-
171) is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Report on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected 
Plants.--Effective October 1, 2013, section 7410 of the Farm Security 
and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 462) is 
repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Study on Nutrient Banking.--Effective October 1, 
2013, section 7411 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925a note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

SEC. 7410. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3319f) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (R) and inserting the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) basic livestock, forest management, and crop 
                farming practices;
                    ``(B) innovative farm, ranch, and private, 
                nonindustrial forest land transfer strategies;
                    ``(C) entrepreneurship and business training;
                    ``(D) financial and risk management training 
                (including the acquisition and management of 
                agricultural credit);
                    ``(E) natural resource management and planning;
                    ``(F) diversification and marketing strategies;
                    ``(G) curriculum development;
                    ``(H) mentoring, apprenticeships, and internships;
                    ``(I) resources and referral;
                    ``(J) farm financial benchmarking;
                    ``(K) assisting beginning farmers or ranchers in 
                acquiring land from retiring farmers and ranchers;
                    ``(L) agricultural rehabilitation and vocational 
                training for veterans; and
                    ``(M) other similar subject areas of use to 
                beginning farmers or ranchers.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and community-
                based organizations'' and inserting ``, community-based 
                organizations, and school-based agricultural 
                educational organizations'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(8) Military veteran beginning farmers and ranchers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not less than 5 percent of the 
                funds used to carry out this subsection for a fiscal 
                year shall be used to support programs and services 
                that address the needs of military veteran beginning 
                farmers and ranchers.
                    ``(B) Coordination permitted.--A recipient of a 
                grant under this section using the grant as described 
                in subparagraph (A) may coordinate with a recipient of 
                a grant under section 1680 of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933) in 
                addressing the needs of military veteran beginning 
                farmers and ranchers with disabilities.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(11) Limitation on indirect costs.--A recipient of a 
        grant under this section may not use more than 10 percent of 
        the funds provided by the grant for the indirect costs of 
        carrying out the initiatives described in paragraph (1).'';
            (2) in subsection (h)(1)--
                    (A) in the heading of such paragraph, by striking 
                ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018, to remain available until expended.''; 
                and
            (3) in subsection (h)(2)--
                    (A) in the heading of such paragraph, by striking 
                ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7411. INCLUSION OF NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS AS A STATE UNDER 
              MCINTIRE-STENNIS COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ACT.

    Section 8 of Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-
Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a-7) is amended by 
striking ``and Guam'' and inserting ``Guam, and the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands''.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART 1--AGRICULTURAL SECURITY

SEC. 7501. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY COMMUNICATION CENTER.

    Section 14112(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8912(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7502. ASSISTANCE TO BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN AGRICULTURAL 
              BIOSECURITY PLANNING, PREPARATION, AND RESPONSE.

    Section 14113 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8913) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``such sums as may be necessary''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``subsection'' and all that follows 
                and inserting the following: ``subsection--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``is authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this subsection'' and all that 
        follows and inserting the following: ``are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this subsection--
            ``(1) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7503. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL COUNTERMEASURES.

    Section 14121(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8921(b)) is amended by striking ``is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this section--
            ``(1) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7504. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 14122(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8922(e)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013, to remain available until expended; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018, to remain available until expended.''.

                         PART 2--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 7511. ENHANCED USE LEASE AUTHORITY PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 308 of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(6)(A), by striking ``5 years'' and 
        inserting ``10 years''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``1, 3, and 5 years'' 
        and inserting ``6, 8, and 10 years''.

SEC. 7512. GRAZINGLANDS RESEARCH LABORATORY.

    Section 7502 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2019) is amended by striking ``5-year 
period'' and inserting ``10-year period''.

SEC. 7513. BUDGET SUBMISSION AND FUNDING.

    Section 7506 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7614c) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means--
                    ``(A) each research program carried out by the 
                Agricultural Research Service or the Economic Research 
                Service for which annual appropriations are requested 
                in the annual budget submission of the President; and
                    ``(B) each competitive program carried out by the 
                National Institute of Food and Agriculture for which 
                annual appropriations are requested in the annual 
                budget submission of the President.
            ``(2) Request for awards.--The term `request for awards' 
        means a funding announcement published by the National 
        Institute of Food and Agriculture that provides detailed 
        information on funding opportunities at the Institute, 
        including the purpose, eligibility, restriction, focus areas, 
        evaluation criteria, regulatory information, and instructions 
        on how to apply for such opportunities.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(e) Additional Presidential Budget Submission Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each year, the President shall submit to 
        Congress, together with the annual budget submission of the 
        President, the information described in paragraph (2) for each 
        funding request for a covered program.
            ``(2) Information described.--The information described in 
        this paragraph includes--
                    ``(A) baseline information, including with respect 
                to each covered program--
                            ``(i) the funding level for the program for 
                        the fiscal year preceding the year the annual 
                        budget submission of the President is 
                        submitted;
                            ``(ii) the funding level requested in the 
                        annual budget submission of the President, 
                        including any increase or decrease in the 
                        funding level; and
                            ``(iii) an explanation justifying any 
                        change from the funding level specified in 
                        clause (i) to the level specified in clause 
                        (ii);
                    ``(B) with respect to each covered program that is 
                carried out by the Economic Research Service or the 
                Agricultural Research Service, the location and staff 
                years of the program;
                    ``(C) the proposed funding levels to be allocated 
                to, and the expected publication date, scope, and 
                allocation level for, each request for awards to be 
                published under or associated with--
                            ``(i) each priority area specified in 
                        subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, 
                        and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
                        450i(b)(2));
                            ``(ii) each research and extension project 
                        carried out under section 1621(a) of the Food, 
                        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                        1990 (7 U.S.C. 5811(a));
                            ``(iii) each grant to be awarded under 
                        section 1672B(a) of the Food, Agriculture, 
                        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
                        5925b(a));
                            ``(iv) each grant awarded under section 
                        412(d) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
                        and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 
                        7632(d)); and
                            ``(v) each grant awarded under 7405(c)(1) 
                        of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
                        of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f(c)(1)); or
                    ``(D) any other information the Secretary 
                determines will increase congressional oversight with 
                respect to covered programs.
            ``(3) Prohibition.--Unless the President submits the 
        information described in paragraph (2)(C) for a fiscal year, 
        the President may not carry out any program during the fiscal 
        year that is authorized under--
                    ``(A) subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, 
                and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b));
                    ``(B) section 1621 of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5811);
                    ``(C) section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b);
                    ``(D) section 412 of the Agricultural Research, 
                Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 
                7632); or
                    ``(E) section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural 
                Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f).
    ``(f) Report of the Secretary of Agriculture.--Each year on a date 
that is not later than the date on which the President submits the 
annual budget, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
containing a description of the agricultural research, extension, and 
education activities carried out by the Federal Government during the 
fiscal year that immediately precedes the year for which the report is 
submitted, including--
            ``(1) a review of the extent to which those activities--
                    ``(A) are duplicative or overlap within the 
                Department of Agriculture; or
                    ``(B) are similar to activities carried out by--
                            ``(i) other Federal agencies;
                            ``(ii) the States (including the District 
                        of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
                        and other territories or possessions of the 
                        United States);
                            ``(iii) institutions of higher education 
                        (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)); or
                            ``(iv) the private sector; and
            ``(2) for each report submitted under this section on or 
        after January 1, 2013, a 5-year projection of national 
        priorities with respect to agricultural research, extension, 
        and education, taking into account domestic needs.''.

SEC. 7514. REPEAL OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS FOR THE STUDY OF 
              ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 7521 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 3202) is repealed.

SEC. 7515. REPEAL OF FARM AND RANCH STRESS ASSISTANCE NETWORK.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 7522 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 5936) is repealed.

SEC. 7516. REPEAL OF SEED DISTRIBUTION.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 7523 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 415-1) is repealed.

SEC. 7517. NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 7525(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 5937(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $7,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7518. SUN GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 7526 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4)(B), by striking ``the Department 
        of Energy'' and inserting ``other appropriate Federal agencies 
        (as determined by the Secretary)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``multistate'' 
                and all that follows through the period and inserting 
                ``integrated, multistate research, extension, and 
                education programs on technology development and 
                technology implementation.'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (C); and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (C);
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``in accordance with 
                        paragraph (2)'';
                            (ii) by striking ``gasification'' and 
                        inserting ``bioproducts''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``the Department of 
                        Energy'' and inserting ``other appropriate 
                        Federal agencies'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (4) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 7526(f)(1) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114(f)(1)) is amended 
by striking ``subsection (c)(1)(D)(i)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(c)(1)(C)(i)''.

SEC. 7519. REPEAL OF STUDY AND REPORT ON FOOD DESERTS.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 7527 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2039) is 
repealed.

SEC. 7520. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND 
              EDUCATION.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 7529 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 5938) is repealed.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 7601. AGREEMENTS WITH NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS FOR NATIONAL 
              ARBORETUM.

    Section 6 of the Act of March 4, 1927 (20 U.S.C. 196), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) negotiate agreements for the National Arboretum with 
        nonprofit scientific or educational organizations, the 
        interests of which are complementary to the mission of the 
        National Arboretum, or nonprofit organizations that support the 
        purpose of the National Arboretum, except that the net proceeds 
        of the organizations from the agreements shall be used 
        exclusively for research and educational work for the benefit 
        of the National Arboretum and the operation and maintenance of 
        the facilities of the National Arboretum, including 
        enhancements, upgrades, restoration, and conservation;''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Recognition of Donors.--A non-profit organization that 
entered into an agreement under subsection (a)(1) may recognize donors 
if that recognition is approved in advance by the Secretary. In 
considering whether to approve such recognition, the Secretary shall 
broadly exercise the discretion of the Secretary to the fullest extent 
allowed under Federal law in effect on the date of the enactment of 
this subsection.''.

SEC. 7602. COTTON DISEASE RESEARCH REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the fungus 
fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 (referred to in this 
section as ``FOV Race 4'') and the impact of such fungus on cotton, 
including--
            (1) an overview of the threat FOV Race 4 poses to the 
        cotton industry in the United States;
            (2) the status and progress of Federal research initiatives 
        to detect, contain, or eradicate FOV Race 4, including current 
        FOV Race 4-specific research projects; and
            (3) a comprehensive strategy to combat FOV Race 4 that 
        establishes--
                    (A) detection and identification goals;
                    (B) containment goals;
                    (C) eradication goals; and
                    (D) a plan to partner with the cotton industry in 
                the United States to maximize resources, information 
                sharing, and research responsiveness and effectiveness.

SEC. 7603. ACCEPTANCE OF FACILITY FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE.

    (a) Construction Authorized.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), 
the Secretary of Agriculture may authorize a non-Federal entity to 
construct, at no cost and without obligation to the Federal Government, 
a facility for use by the Agricultural Research Service on land owned 
by the Agricultural Research Service and managed by the Secretary.
    (b) Acceptance of Gift.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), upon the 
        completion of the construction of the facility by the non-
        Federal entity under subsection (a), the Secretary shall accept 
        the facility as a gift in accordance with Public Law 95-442 (7 
        U.S.C. 2269).
            (2) Certification.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall certify 
        in advance that the acceptance under paragraph (1) complies 
        with the limitations specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
        subsection (c).
    (c) Limitations.--
            (1) Value.--The Secretary may not accept a facility as a 
        gift under this section if the fair market value of the 
        facility is more than $5,000,000.
            (2) No federal cost.--The Secretary shall not enter into 
        any acquisitions, demonstrations, exchanges, grants, contracts, 
        incentives, leases, procurements, sales, or other transaction 
        authorities or arrangements that would obligate future 
        appropriations with respect to the facility constructed under 
        subsection (a).
    (d) Termination of Authority.--No facility may be accepted by the 
Secretary for use by the Agricultural Research Service under this 
section after September 30, 2018.

SEC. 7604. MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    Sections 7408 and 7409 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2013) are both amended by striking 
``Title III of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994'' and inserting ``Title III of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform 
and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994''.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

            Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

SEC. 8001. FOREST LAND ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 4 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 
of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 8002 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 16 U.S.C. 2103 note) 
is amended by striking subsection (a).
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 8002. WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 6 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 
of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103b) is repealed.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 8003. EXPIRED COOPERATIVE NATIONAL FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETING 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 18 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2112) is repealed.

SEC. 8004. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION AGRICULTURAL LAND NATIONAL 
              RESOURCES LEADERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 8402 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (16 U.S.C. 1649a) is repealed.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 8005. TRIBAL WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 303 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 
2003 (16 U.S.C. 6542) is repealed.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 8006. SEPARATE FOREST SERVICE DECISIONMAKING AND APPEALS PROCESS.

    Section 322 of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 102-381; 16 U.S.C. 1612 note) is 
repealed. Section 428 of division E of the Consolidated Appropriations 
Act, 2012 (Public Law 112-74; 125 Stat. 1046; 16 U.S.C. 6515 note) 
shall not apply to any project or activity implementing a land and 
resource management plan developed under section 6 of the Forest and 
Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1604) 
that is categorically excluded from documentation in an environmental 
assessment or an environmental impact statement under the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                             1978 Programs

SEC. 8101. STATE-WIDE ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGIES FOR FOREST RESOURCES.

    Section 2A(c) of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 
(16 U.S.C. 2101a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(5) as feasible, appropriate military installations where 
        the voluntary participation and management of private or State-
        owned or other public forestland is able to support, promote, 
        and contribute to the missions of such installations; and''.

SEC. 8102. FOREST LEGACY PROGRAM.

    Subsection (m) of section 7 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103c) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(m) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there are authorized to be appropriated--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $55,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 8103. COMMUNITY FOREST AND OPEN SPACE CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

    Subsection (g) of section 7A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103d) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there are authorized to be appropriated--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $1,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-Related Laws

SEC. 8201. RURAL REVITALIZATION TECHNOLOGIES.

    Section 2371(d)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6601(d)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' 
and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 8202. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY.

    Subsection (d) of section 2405 of the Global Climate Change 
Prevention Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6704) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there are authorized to be appropriated--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1996 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 8203. CHANGE IN FUNDING SOURCE FOR HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 508 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
U.S.C. 6578) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``In General'' and 
        inserting ``Fiscal Years 2009 Through 2013'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Fiscal Years 2014 Through 2018.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out this section 
$9,750,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
    ``(c) Additional Source of Funds.--In addition to funds 
appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
subsection (b) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use such amount of 
the funds appropriated for that fiscal year to carry out the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590a et seq.) as the 
Secretary determines necessary to cover the cost of technical 
assistance, management, and enforcement responsibilities for land 
enrolled in the healthy forests reserve program pursuant to subsections 
(a) and (b) of section 504.''.

SEC. 8204. STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING PROJECT AUTHORITY.

    Section 347 of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (as contained in section 101(e) of division A 
of Public Law 105-277; 16 U.S.C. 2104 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(6) Contract for sale of property.--At the discretion of 
        the Secretary of Agriculture, a contract entered into by the 
        Forest Service under this section may be considered a contract 
        for the sale of property under such terms as the Secretary may 
        prescribe without regard to any other provision of law.''.

           Subtitle D--National Forest Critical Area Response

SEC. 8301. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Critical area.--The term ``critical area'' means an 
        area of the National Forest System designated by the Secretary 
        under section 8302
            (2) National forest system.--The term ``National Forest 
        System'' has the meaning given that term in section 11(a) of 
        the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 
        1974 (16 U.S.C. 1609(a)).
            (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.

SEC. 8302. DESIGNATION OF CRITICAL AREAS.

    (a) Designation Requirements.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
designate critical areas within the National Forest System for the 
purposes of addressing--
            (1) deteriorating forest health conditions in existence as 
        of the date of the enactment of this Act due to insect 
        infestation, drought, disease, or storm damage; and
            (2) the future risk of insect infestations or disease 
        outbreaks through preventative treatments.
    (b) Designation Method.--In considering National Forest System land 
for designation as a critical area, the Secretary shall use--
            (1) for purposes of subsection (a)(1), the most recent 
        annual forest health aerial surveys of mortality and 
        defoliation; and
            (2) for purposes of subsection (a)(2), the National Insect 
        and Disease Risk Map.
    (c) Time for Initial Designations.--The first critical areas shall 
be designated by the Secretary not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Duration of Designation.--The designation of a critical area 
shall expire not later than 10 years after the date of the designation.

SEC. 8303. APPLICATION OF EXPEDITED PROCEDURES AND ACTIVITIES OF THE 
              HEALTHY FORESTS RESTORATION ACT OF 2003 TO CRITICAL 
              AREAS.

    (a) Applicability.--Subject to subsections (b) through (e), title I 
of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511 et seq.) 
(including the environmental analysis requirements of section 104 of 
that Act (16 U.S.C. 6514), the special administrative review process 
under section 105 of that Act (16 U.S.C. 6515), and the judicial review 
process under section 106 of that Act (16 U.S.C. 6516)), shall apply to 
all Forest Service projects and activities carried out in a critical 
area.
    (b) Application of Other Law.--Section 322 of Public Law 102-381 
(16 U.S.C. 1612 note; 106 Stat. 1419) shall not apply to projects 
conducted in accordance with this section.
    (c) Required Modifications.--In applying title I of the Healthy 
Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511 et seq.) to Forest 
Service projects and activities in a critical area, the Secretary shall 
make the following modifications:
            (1) The authority shall apply to the entire critical area, 
        including land that is outside of a wildland-urban interface 
        area or that does not satisfy any of the other eligibility 
        criteria specified in section 102(a) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 
        6512(a)).
            (2) All projects and activities of the Forest Service, 
        including necessary connected actions (as described in section 
        1508.25(a)(1) of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or a 
        successor regulation)), shall be considered to be authorized 
        hazardous fuel reduction projects for purposes of applying the 
        title.
    (d) Smaller Projects.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
        project conducted in a critical area in accordance with this 
        section that comprises less than 10,000 acres shall be--
                    (A) considered an action categorically excluded 
                from the requirements for an environmental assessment 
                or an environmental impact statement under section 
                1508.4 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or a 
                successor regulation); and
                    (B) exempt from the special administrative review 
                process under section 105 of the Healthy Forests 
                Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6515).
            (2) Exclusion of certain areas.--Paragraph (1) does not 
        apply to--
                    (A) a component of the National Wilderness 
                Preservation System;
                    (B) any Federal land on which, by Act of Congress 
                or Presidential proclamation, the removal of vegetation 
                is restricted or prohibited;
                    (C) a congressionally designated wilderness study 
                area; or
                    (D) an area in which activities under paragraph (1) 
                would be inconsistent with the applicable land and 
                resource management plan.
    (e) Forest Management Plans.--All projects and activities carried 
out in a critical area pursuant to this subtitle shall be consistent 
with the land and resource management plan established under section 6 
of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 
(16 U.S.C. 1604) for the unit of the National Forest System containing 
the critical area.

SEC. 8304. GOOD NEIGHBOR AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible state.--The term ``eligible State'' means a 
        State that contains National Forest System land.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.
            (3) State forester.--The term ``State forester'' means the 
        head of a State agency with jurisdiction over State forestry 
        programs in an eligible State.
    (b) Cooperative Agreements and Contracts.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into a cooperative 
        agreement or contract (including a sole source contract) with a 
        State forester to authorize the State forester to provide the 
        forest, rangeland, and watershed restoration and protection 
        services described in paragraph (2) on National Forest System 
        land in the eligible State.
            (2) Authorized services.--The forest, rangeland, and 
        watershed restoration and protection services referred to in 
        paragraph (1) include the conduct of--
                    (A) activities to treat insect infected trees;
                    (B) activities to reduce hazardous fuels; and
                    (C) any other activities to restore or improve 
                forest, rangeland, and watershed health, including fish 
                and wildlife habitat.
            (3) State as agent.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), a 
        cooperative agreement or contract entered into under paragraph 
        (1) may authorize the State forester to serve as the agent for 
        the Secretary in providing the restoration and protection 
        services authorized under that paragraph.
            (4) Subcontracts.--In accordance with applicable contract 
        procedures for the eligible State, a State forester may enter 
        into subcontracts to provide the restoration and protection 
        services authorized under a cooperative agreement or contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1).
            (5) Timber sales.--Subsections (d) and (g) of section 14 of 
        the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a) 
        shall not apply to services performed under a cooperative 
        agreement or contract entered into under paragraph (1).
            (6) Retention of nepa responsibilities.--Any decision 
        required to be made under the National Environmental Policy Act 
        of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) with respect to any 
        restoration and protection services to be provided under this 
        section by a State forester on National Forest System land 
        shall not be delegated to a State forester or any other officer 
        or employee of the eligible State.
            (7) Applicable law.--The restoration and protection 
        services to be provided under this section shall be carried out 
        on a project-to-project basis under existing authorities of the 
        Forest Service.

                  Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 8401. REVISION OF STRATEGIC PLAN FOR FOREST INVENTORY AND 
              ANALYSIS.

    (a) Revision Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall revise 
the strategic plan for forest inventory and analysis initially prepared 
pursuant to section 3(e) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable 
Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642(e)) to address the 
requirements imposed by subsection (b).
    (b) Elements of Revised Strategic Plan.--In revising the strategic 
plan, the Secretary of Agriculture shall describe in detail the 
organization, procedures, and funding needed to achieve each of the 
following:
            (1) Complete the transition to a fully annualized forest 
        inventory program and include inventory and analysis of 
        interior Alaska.
            (2) Implement an annualized inventory of trees in urban 
        settings, including the status and trends of trees and forests, 
        and assessments of their ecosystem services, values, health, 
        and risk to pests and diseases.
            (3) Report information on renewable biomass supplies and 
        carbon stocks at the local, State, regional, and national 
        level, including by ownership type.
            (4) Engage State foresters and other users of information 
        from the forest inventory and analysis in reevaluating the list 
        of core data variables collected on forest inventory and 
        analysis plots with an emphasis on demonstrated need.
            (5) Improve the timeliness of the timber product output 
        program and accessibility of the annualized information on that 
        database.
            (6) Foster greater cooperation among the forest inventory 
        and analysis program, research station leaders, and State 
        foresters and other users of information from the forest 
        inventory and analysis.
            (7) Promote availability of and access to non-Federal 
        resources to improve information analysis and information 
        management.
            (8) Collaborate with the Natural Resources Conservation 
        Service, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and United 
        States Geological Survey to integrate remote sensing, spatial 
        analysis techniques, and other new technologies in the forest 
        inventory and analysis program.
            (9) Understand and report on changes in land cover and use.
            (10) Expand existing programs to promote sustainable forest 
        stewardship through increased understanding, in partnership 
        with other Federal agencies, of the over 10 million family 
        forest owners, their demographics, and the barriers to forest 
        stewardship.
            (11) Implement procedures to improve the statistical 
        precision of estimates at the sub-State level.
    (c) Submission of Revised Strategic Plan.--The Secretary of 
Agriculture shall submit the revised strategic plan to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.

SEC. 8402. FOREST SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN ACES PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the 
Forest Service, may use funds derived from conservation-related 
programs executed on National Forest System lands to utilize the 
Agriculture Conservation Experienced Services Program established 
pursuant to section 1252 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3851) to provide technical services for conservation-related programs 
and authorities carried out by the Secretary on National Forest System 
lands.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

SEC. 9001. DEFINITION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM.

    Section 9001 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8101) is amended by--
            (1) striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) Biobased product.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `biobased product' 
                means a product determined by the Secretary to be a 
                commercial or industrial product (other than food or 
                feed) that is--
                            ``(i) composed, in whole or in significant 
                        part, of biological products, including 
                        renewable domestic agricultural materials and 
                        forestry materials; or
                            ``(ii) an intermediate ingredient or 
                        feedstock.
                    ``(B) Inclusion.--The term `biobased product', with 
                respect to forestry materials, includes forest products 
                that meet biobased content requirements, 
                notwithstanding the market share the product holds, the 
                age of the product, or whether the market for the 
                product is new or emerging.'';
            (2) redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), 
        and (14) as paragraphs (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), and (16);
            (3) inserting after paragraph (8), the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(9) Forest product.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `forest product' means 
                a product made from materials derived from the practice 
                of forestry or the management of growing timber.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `forest product' 
                includes--
                            ``(i) pulp, paper, paperboard, pellets, 
                        lumber, and other wood products; and
                            ``(ii) any recycled products derived from 
                        forest materials.''; and
            (4) inserting after paragraph (14) (as so redesignated), 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(15) Renewable energy system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                term `renewable energy system' means a system that--
                            ``(i) produces usable energy from a 
                        renewable energy source; and
                            ``(ii) may include distribution components 
                        necessary to move energy produced by such 
                        system to the initial point of sale.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--A system described in 
                subparagraph (A) may not include a mechanism for 
                dispensing energy at retail.''.

SEC. 9002. BIOBASED MARKETS PROGRAM.

    Section 9002(h) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102(h)) is amended by--
            (1) striking ``(h) Funding.--'' and all that follows 
        through ``to carry out this section, there'' and inserting 
        ``(h) Funding.--There''; and
            (2) striking ``2013'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 9003. BIOREFINERY ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Program Adjustments.--Section 9003 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``to eligible entities'' 
        and all that follows through ``guarantees for loans'' and 
        inserting ``to eligible entities guarantees for loans'';
            (2) by striking subsection (d);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
            (4) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (c)(2)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``subsection 
                (h)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 9003(g) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002, as redesignated by subsection (a)(3), is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1);
            (3) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Discretionary 
                funding'' and inserting ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
                2013''; and
                    (B) by striking ``In addition to any other funds 
                made available to carry out this section, there'' and 
                inserting ``There''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 9004. REPOWERING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 9004(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8104(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1);
            (3) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Discretionary 
                funding'' and inserting ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
                2013''; and
                    (B) by striking ``In addition to any other funds 
                made available to carry out this section, there'' and 
                inserting ``There''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 9005. BIOENERGY PROGRAM FOR ADVANCED BIOFUELS.

    Section 9005(g) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8105(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1);
            (3) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Discretionary 
                funding'' and inserting ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
                2013''; and
                    (B) by striking ``In addition to any other funds 
                made available to carry out this section, there'' and 
                inserting ``There''; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) (as so redesignated) 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 9006. BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 9006(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8106(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1);
            (3) in the heading of paragraph (1) (as so redesignated), 
        by striking ``Authorization of appropriations'' and inserting 
        ``Fiscal year 2013''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 9007. RURAL ENERGY FOR AMERICA PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Adjustments.--
            (1) Repeal of feasibility studies.--Section 9007(c) of the 
        Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
        8107(c)) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
            (2) Tiered application process.--Section 9007(c) of the 
        Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
        8107(c)) is further amended by--
                    (A) redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2) Tiered application process.--In carrying out this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall establish a three-tiered 
        application, evaluation, and oversight process that varies 
        based on the cost of the proposed project with the process most 
        simplified for projects referred to in subparagraph (A), more 
        comprehensive for projects referred to in subparagraph (B), and 
        most comprehensive for projects referred to in subparagraph 
        (C). The three tiers for such process shall be as follows:
                    ``(A) Tier 1.--Projects for which the cost of the 
                project funded under this subsection is not more than 
                $80,000.
                    ``(B) Tier 2.--Projects for which the cost of the 
                project funded under this subsection is more than 
                $80,000 but less than $200,000.
                    ``(C) Tier 3.--Projects for which the cost of the 
                project funded under this subsection is $200,000 or 
                more.''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 9007(g) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107(g)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (1);
            (3) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Discretionary 
                funding'' and inserting ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
                2013''; and
                    (B) by striking ``In addition to any other funds 
                made available to carry out this section, there'' and 
                inserting ``There''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $45,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 9008. BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 9008(h) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8108(h)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1);
            (3) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Discretionary 
                funding'' and inserting ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
                2013''; and
                    (B) by striking ``In addition to any other funds 
                made available to carry out this section, there'' and 
                inserting ``There''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 9009. FEEDSTOCK FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM FOR BIOENERGY PRODUCERS.

    Section 9010(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8110(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

SEC. 9010. BIOMASS CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 9011 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8111) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (6); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (7) and (8) as 
                paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively;
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Program to'' and all that follows 
                through ``support the establishment'' and inserting 
                ``Program to support the establishment'';
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; 
                and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2);
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (viii), by striking ``; and'' 
                        and inserting a semicolon;
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (ix) as clause 
                        (x); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause (viii) the 
                        following new clause:
                            ``(ix) existing project areas that have 
                        received funding under this section and the 
                        continuation of funding of such project areas 
                        to advance the maturity of such project areas; 
                        and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5)(C)(ii)--
                            (i) by striking subclause (III); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subclauses (IV) and 
                        (V) as subclauses (III) and (IV), respectively;
            (4) by striking subsection (d);
            (5) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (6) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (1);
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``Fiscal year 2013'' and 
                        all that follows through ``There is 
                        authorized'' and inserting ``Fiscal year 
                        2013.--There is authorized''; and
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                        paragraph (3) and moving the margin of such 
                        paragraph (as so redesignated) two ems to the 
                        left;
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1), the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C)(ii) of this paragraph), by striking 
                ``this paragraph'' and inserting ``this subsection''.

SEC. 9011. COMMUNITY WOOD ENERGY PROGRAM.

    Section 9013(e) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(e)) is amended by striking ``carry out this 
section'' and all that follows and inserting the following: ``carry out 
this section--
            ``(1) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 9012. REPEAL OF BIOFUELS INFRASTRUCTURE STUDY.

    Section 9002 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2095) is repealed.

SEC. 9013. REPEAL OF RENEWABLE FERTILIZER STUDY.

    Section 9003 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2096) is repealed.

                         TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

SEC. 10001. SPECIALTY CROPS MARKET NEWS ALLOCATION.

    Section 10107(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 1622b(b)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 10002. REPEAL OF GRANT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE MOVEMENT OF SPECIALTY 
              CROPS.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 10403 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 1622c) is repealed.

SEC. 10003. FARMERS MARKET AND LOCAL FOOD PROMOTION PROGRAM.

    Section 6 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976 (7 
U.S.C. 3005) is amended--
            (1) in the heading of such section, by inserting ``and 
        local food'' after ``farmers' market'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and Local Food'' after 
                ``Farmers' Market'';
                    (B) by striking ``farmers' markets and to 
                promote''; and
                    (C) by striking the period and inserting ``and 
                assist in the development of local food business 
                enterprises.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(b) Program Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are to 
increase domestic consumption of, and consumer access to, locally and 
regionally produced agricultural products by assisting in the 
development, improvement, and expansion of--
            ``(1) domestic farmers' markets, roadside stands, 
        community-supported agriculture programs, agritourism 
        activities, and other direct producer-to-consumer market 
        opportunities; and
            ``(2) local and regional food business enterprises that 
        process, distribute, aggregate, and store locally or regionally 
        produced food products.'';
            (4) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or other agricultural business 
                entity'' after ``cooperative''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, including a community 
                supported agriculture network or association'' after 
                ``association'';
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Funds Requirements for Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) Matching funds.--An entity receiving a grant under 
        this section for a project to carry out a purpose described in 
        subsection (b)(2) shall provide matching funds in the form of 
        cash or an in-kind contribution in an amount equal to 25 
        percent of the total cost of such project.
            ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--An eligible entity may 
        not use a grant or other assistance provided under this section 
        for the purchase, construction, or rehabilitation of a building 
        or structure.''; and
            (7) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (5))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following 
                        new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.'';
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (6); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(4) Use of funds.--Of the funds made available to carry 
        out this section for a fiscal year, 50 percent of such funds 
        shall be used for the purposes described in paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b) and 50 percent of such funds shall be used for 
        the purposes described in paragraph (2) of such subsection.
            ``(5) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not more than 
        3 percent of the total amount made available to carry out this 
        section for a fiscal year may be used for administrative 
        expenses.''.

SEC. 10004. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE.

    (a) Organic Production and Market Data Initiatives.--Section 
7407(d)(2) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 5925c(d)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading of such paragraph, by striking ``2012'' 
        and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Modernization and Technology Upgrade for National Organic 
Program.--Section 2122 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 6521) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Modernization and Technology Upgrade for National Organic 
Program.--The Secretary shall modernize database and technology systems 
of the national organic program.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations for National Organic Program.--
Effective October 1, 2013, section 2123(b)(6) of the Organic Foods 
Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6522(b)(6)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(6) $11,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
    (d) National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program.--Effective 
October 1, 2013, section 10606 of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 6523) is repealed.

SEC. 10005. INVESTIGATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE ORGANIC FOODS 
              PRODUCTION ACT OF 1990.

    The Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 is amended by inserting 
after section 2122 (7 U.S.C. 6521) the following new section:

``SEC. 2122A. INVESTIGATION AND ENFORCEMENT.

    ``(a) Expedited Administrative Hearing.--The Secretary shall 
establish an expedited administrative hearing procedure under which the 
Secretary may suspend or revoke the organic certification of a producer 
or handler or the accreditation of a certifying agent in accordance 
with subsection (d). Such a hearing may be conducted in addition to a 
hearing conducted pursuant to section 2120.
    ``(b) Investigation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may take such 
        investigative actions as the Secretary considers to be 
        necessary to carry out this title--
                    ``(A) to verify the accuracy of any information 
                reported or made available under this title; and
                    ``(B) to determine, with regard to actions, 
                practices, or information required under this title, 
                whether a person covered by this title has committed a 
                violation of this title.
            ``(2) Investigative powers.--The Secretary may administer 
        oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel attendance 
        of witnesses, take evidence, and require the production of any 
        records required to be maintained under section 2112(d) or 
        2116(c) that are relevant to the investigation.
    ``(c) Unlawful Act.--It shall be unlawful and a violation of this 
title for any person covered by this title--
            ``(1) to refuse to provide information required by the 
        Secretary under this title; or
            ``(2) to violate--
                    ``(A) a suspension or revocation of the organic 
                certification of a producer or handler; or
                    ``(B) a suspension or revocation of the 
                accreditation of a certifying agent.
    ``(d) Enforcement.--
            ``(1) Suspension.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may, after notice 
                and opportunity for an expedited administrative 
                hearing, suspend the organic certification of a 
                producer, handler or the accreditation of a certifying 
                agent if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary, during such expedited 
                        administrative hearing, proved that--
                                    ``(I) in the case of a producer or 
                                handler, the producer or handler--
                                            ``(aa) has recklessly 
                                        committed a violation of a 
                                        term, condition, or requirement 
                                        of the organic plan to which 
                                        the producer or handler is 
                                        subject; or
                                            ``(bb) has recklessly 
                                        committed, or is recklessly 
                                        committing, a violation of this 
                                        title; or
                                    ``(II) in the case of a certifying 
                                agent, the agent has recklessly 
                                committed, or is recklessly committing, 
                                a violation of this title; or
                            ``(ii) the producer, handler, or certifying 
                        agent has waived such expedited administrative 
                        hearing.
                    ``(B) Issuance of suspension.-- A suspension issued 
                under this paragraph shall be issued not later than 
                five days after the date on which--
                            ``(i) the expedited administrative hearing 
                        referred to in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) 
                        concludes; or
                            ``(ii) the Secretary receives notice of the 
                        waiver referred to in clause (ii) of such 
                        subparagraph.
                    ``(C) Duration of suspension.--The period of a 
                suspension issued under this paragraph shall be not 
                more than 90 days, beginning on the date on which the 
                Secretary issues the suspension.
                    ``(D) Curing of violations.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may not 
                        issue a suspension of a certification or 
                        accreditation under this paragraph if the 
                        producer, handler, or certifying agent subject 
                        to such suspension--
                                    ``(I) before the date on which the 
                                suspension would otherwise have been 
                                issued, cures, or corrects the 
                                deficiency giving rise to, the 
                                violation for which the certification 
                                or accreditation would have been 
                                suspended; or
                                    ``(II) within a reasonable 
                                timeframe (as determined by the 
                                Secretary), enters into a settlement 
                                with the Secretary regarding a 
                                deficiency referred to in subclause 
                                (I).
                            ``(ii) During suspension.--The Secretary 
                        shall terminate the suspension of an organic 
                        certification or accreditation issued under 
                        this paragraph if the producer, handler, or 
                        certifying agent subject to such suspension 
                        cures the violation for which the certification 
                        or accreditation was suspended under such 
                        subparagraph before the date on which the 
                        period of the suspension ends.
            ``(2) Revocation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may, after notice 
                and opportunity for an expedited administrative hearing 
                under this section and an expedited administrative 
                appeal under section 2121, revoke the organic 
                certification of a producer or handler, or the 
                accreditation of a certifying agent if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary, during such hearing, 
                        proved that--
                                    ``(I) in the case of a producer or 
                                handler, the producer or handler--
                                            ``(aa) has knowingly 
                                        committed an egregious 
                                        violation of a term, condition, 
                                        or requirement of the organic 
                                        plan to which the producer or 
                                        handler is subject; or
                                            ``(bb) has knowingly 
                                        committed, or is knowingly 
                                        committing, an egregious 
                                        violation of this title; or
                                    ``(II) in the case of a certifying 
                                agent, the agent has knowingly 
                                committed, or is knowingly committing, 
                                an egregious violation of this title; 
                                or
                            ``(ii) the producer, handler, or certifying 
                        agent has waived such expedited administrative 
                        hearing and such an expedited administrative 
                        appeal.
                    ``(B) Initiation of revocation proceedings.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If the Secretary finds, 
                        during an investigation or during the period of 
                        a suspension under paragraph (1), that a 
                        producer, handler, or certifying agent has 
                        knowingly committed an egregious violation of 
                        this title, the Secretary shall initiate 
                        revocation proceedings with respect to such 
                        violation not later than 30 days after the date 
                        on which the producer, handler, or certifying 
                        agent receives notice of such finding in 
                        accordance with clause (ii). The Secretary may 
                        not initiate revocation proceedings with 
                        respect to such violation after the date on 
                        which that 30-day period ends.
                            ``(ii) Notice.--Not later than five days 
                        after the date on which the Secretary makes the 
                        finding described in clause (i), the Secretary 
                        shall provide to the producer, handler, or 
                        certifying agent notice of such finding.
    ``(e) Appeal.--
            ``(1) Suspensions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The suspension of a 
                certification or accreditation under subsection (d)(1) 
                by the Secretary may be appealed to a United States 
                district court in accordance with section 2121(b) not 
                later than 30 business days after the date on which the 
                person subject to such suspension receives notice of 
                the suspension.
                    ``(B) Suspension final and conclusive.--A 
                suspension of a certification or accreditation under 
                subsection (d)(1) by the Secretary shall be final and 
                conclusive--
                            ``(i) in the case of a suspension that is 
                        appealed under subparagraph (A) within the 30-
                        day period specified in such subparagraph, on 
                        the date on which judicial review of such 
                        suspension is complete; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a suspension that is 
                        not so appealed, the date on which such 30-day 
                        period ends.
            ``(2) Revocations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The revocation of a 
                certification or an accreditation under subsection 
                (d)(2) by the Secretary may be appealed to a United 
                States district court in accordance with section 
                2121(b) not later than 30 business days after the date 
                on which the person subject to such revocation receives 
                notice of the revocation.
                    ``(B) Revocation final and conclusive.--A 
                revocation of a certification or an accreditation under 
                subsection (d)(2) by the Secretary shall be final and 
                conclusive--
                            ``(i) in the case of a revocation that is 
                        appealed under subparagraph (A) within the 30-
                        day period specified in such subparagraph, on 
                        the date on which judicial review of such 
                        revocation is complete; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a revocation that is 
                        not so appealed, the date on which such 30-day 
                        period ends.
            ``(3) Standards for review of suspensions and 
        revocations.--A suspension or revocation of a certification or 
        an accreditation under subsection (d) shall be reviewed in 
        accordance with the standards of review specified in section 
        706(2) of title 5, United States Code.
    ``(f) Noncompliance.--
            ``(1) In general.--If a person covered by this title fails 
        to obey a revocation of a certification or an accreditation 
        under subsection (d)(2) after such revocation has become final 
        and conclusive or after the appropriate United States district 
        court has entered a final judgment in favor of the Secretary, 
        the United States may apply to the appropriate United States 
        district court for enforcement of such revocation.
            ``(2) Enforcement.--If the court determines that the 
        revocation was lawfully made and duly served and that the 
        person violated the revocation, the court shall enforce the 
        revocation.
            ``(3) Civil penalty.--If the court finds that the person 
        violated the revocation of a certification or an accreditation 
        under subsection (d)(2), the person shall be subject to one or 
        more of the penalties provided in subsections (a) and (b) of 
        section 2120.
    ``(g) Violation of This Title Defined.--In this section, the term 
`violation of this title' means a violation specified in section 
2120.''.

SEC. 10006. FOOD SAFETY EDUCATION INITIATIVES.

    Section 10105(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 7655a(c)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 10007. SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANTS.

    Section 101 of the Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 
U.S.C. 1621 note; Public Law 108-465) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (j)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (l)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(b) Grants Based on Value and Acreage.--Subject to subsection 
(c), for each State whose application for a grant for a fiscal year 
that is accepted by the Secretary under subsection (f), the amount of 
the grant for such fiscal year to the State under this section shall 
bear the same ratio to the total amount made available under subsection 
(l)(1) for such fiscal year as--
            ``(1) the average of the most recent available value of 
        specialty crop production in the State and the acreage of 
        specialty crop production in the State, as demonstrated in the 
        most recent Census of Agriculture data; bears to
            ``(2) the average of the most recent available value of 
        specialty crop production in all States and the acreage of 
        specialty crop production in all States, as demonstrated in the 
        most recent Census of Agriculture data.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (l);
            (4) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(j) Multistate Projects.--Not later than 180 days after the 
effective date of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management 
Act of 2013, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue guidance for the 
purpose of making grants to multistate projects under this section for 
projects involving--
            ``(1) food safety;
            ``(2) plant pests and disease;
            ``(3) research;
            ``(4) crop-specific projects addressing common issues; and
            ``(5) any other area that furthers the purposes of this 
        section, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(k) Administration.--
            ``(1) Department.--The Secretary of Agriculture may not use 
        more than 3 percent of the funds made available to carry out 
        this section for a fiscal year for administrative expenses.
            ``(2) States.--A State receiving a grant under this section 
        may not use more than 8 percent of the funds received under the 
        grant for a fiscal year for administrative expenses.''; and
            (5) in subsection (l) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) 
                as subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively, and 
                moving the margins of such subparagraphs two ems to the 
                right;
                    (B) by striking ``Of the funds'' and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--Of the funds'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by 
                        subparagraph (A)), by striking ``and'' at the 
                        end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated 
                        by subparagraph (A)), by striking the period at 
                        the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following 
                        new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) $72,500,000 for fiscal years 2014 through 
                2017; and
                    ``(E) $85,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) Multistate projects.--Of the funds made available 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary may use to carry out 
        subsection (j), to remain available until expended--
                    ``(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
                    ``(B) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(C) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(D) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
                    ``(E) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.

SEC. 10008. REPORT ON HONEY.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation 
with persons affected by the potential establishment of a Federal 
standard for the identity of honey, shall submit to the Commissioner of 
Food and Drugs a report describing how an appropriate Federal standard 
for the identity of honey would be in the interest of consumers, the 
honey industry, and United States agriculture.
    (b) Considerations.--In preparing the report required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall take into consideration the March 
2006, Standard of Identity citizens petition filed with the Food and 
Drug Administration, including any current industry amendments or 
clarifications necessary to update such petition.

SEC. 10009. BULK SHIPMENTS OF APPLES TO CANADA.

    (a) Bulk Shipment of Apples to Canada.--Section 4 of the Export 
Apple Act (7 U.S.C. 584) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Apples in'' and inserting ``(a) Apples 
        in''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Apples may be shipped to Canada in bulk bins without 
complying with the provisions of this Act.''.
    (b) Definition of Bulk Bin.--Section 9 of the Export Apple Act (7 
U.S.C. 589) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(5) The term `bulk bin' means a bin that contains a quantity of 
apples weighing more than 100 pounds.''.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue 
regulations to carry out the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 10010. INCLUSION OF OLIVE OIL IN IMPORT CONTROLS UNDER THE 
              AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT.

    Section 8e(a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608e-
1(a)) is amended by inserting ``olive oil,'' after ``olives (other than 
Spanish-style green olives),''.

SEC. 10011. CONSOLIDATION OF PLANT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT AND 
              DISASTER PREVENTION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Relocation of Legislative Language Relating to National Clean 
Plant Network.--Section 420 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7721) 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) National Clean Plant Network.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        to be known as the `National Clean Plant Network' (referred to 
        in this subsection as the `Program').
            ``(2) Requirements.--Under the Program, the Secretary shall 
        establish a network of clean plant centers for diagnostic and 
        pathogen elimination services--
                    ``(A) to produce clean propagative plant material; 
                and
                    ``(B) to maintain blocks of pathogen-tested plant 
                material in sites located throughout the United States.
            ``(3) Availability of clean plant source material.--Clean 
        plant source material produced or maintained under the Program 
        may be made available to--
                    ``(A) a State for a certified plant program of the 
                State; and
                    ``(B) private nurseries and producers.
            ``(4) Consultation and collaboration.--In carrying out the 
        Program, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) consult with--
                            ``(i) State departments of agriculture; and
                            ``(ii) land-grant colleges and universities 
                        and NLGCA Institutions (as those terms are 
                        defined in section 1404 of the National 
                        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); and
                    ``(B) to the extent practicable and with input from 
                the appropriate State officials and industry 
                representatives, use existing Federal or State 
                facilities to serve as clean plant centers.
            ``(5) Funding for fiscal year 2013.--There is authorized to 
        be appropriated to carry out the Program $5,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2013.''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (f) of section 420 of the Plant Protection 
Act (7 U.S.C. 7721) (as so redesignated) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.'' and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) $62,500,000 for fiscal years 2014 through 2017; and
            ``(6) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.
    (c) Repeal of Existing Provision.--Effective October 1, 2013, 
section 10202 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7761) is repealed.
    (d) Clarification of Use of Funds for Technical Assistance.--
Section 420 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7721) (as amended by 
subsection (a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Relationship to Other Law.--The use of Commodity Credit 
Corporation funds under this section to provide technical assistance 
shall not be considered an allotment or fund transfer from the 
Commodity Credit Corporation for purposes of the limit on expenditures 
for technical assistance imposed by section 11 of the Commodity Credit 
Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714i).''.

SEC. 10012. MODIFICATION, CANCELLATION, OR SUSPENSION ON BASIS OF A 
              BIOLOGICAL OPINION.

    (a) In General.--Except in the case of a voluntary request from a 
pesticide registrant to amend a registration under section 3 of the 
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136a), a 
registration of a pesticide may be modified, canceled, or suspended on 
the basis of the implementation of a Biological Opinion issued by the 
National Marine Fisheries Service or the United States Fish and 
Wildlife Service prior to the date of completion of the study referred 
to in subsection (b), or January 1, 2015, whichever is earlier, only 
if--
            (1) the modification, cancellation, or suspension is 
        undertaken pursuant to section 6 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 136d); 
        and
            (2) the Biological Opinion complies with the 
        recommendations contained in the study referred to in 
        subsection (b).
    (b) National Academy of Sciences Study.--The study commissioned by 
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency on March 10, 
2011, shall include, at a minimum, each of the following:
            (1) A formal, independent, and external peer review, 
        consistent with Office of Management and Budget policies, of 
        each Biological Opinion described in subsection (a).
            (2) Assessment of economic impacts of measures or 
        alternatives recommended in each such Biological Opinion.
            (3) An examination of the specific scientific and 
        procedural questions and issues pertaining to economic 
        feasibility contained in the June 23, 2011, letter sent to the 
        Administrator (and other Federal officials) by the Chairmen of 
        the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Natural 
        Resources, and the Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and 
        Related Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations, of the 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 10013. USE AND DISCHARGES OF AUTHORIZED PESTICIDES.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Reducing 
Regulatory Burdens Act of 2013''.
    (b) Use of Authorized Pesticides.--Section 3(f) of the Federal 
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136a(f)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Use of authorized pesticides.--Except as provided in 
        section 402(s) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the 
        Administrator or a State may not require a permit under such 
        Act for a discharge from a point source into navigable waters 
        of a pesticide authorized for sale, distribution, or use under 
        this Act, or the residue of such a pesticide, resulting from 
        the application of such pesticide.''.
    (c) Discharges of Pesticides.--Section 402 of the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1342) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(s) Discharges of Pesticides.--
            ``(1) No permit requirement.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), a permit shall not be required by the 
        Administrator or a State under this Act for a discharge from a 
        point source into navigable waters of a pesticide authorized 
        for sale, distribution, or use under the Federal Insecticide, 
        Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, or the residue of such a 
        pesticide, resulting from the application of such pesticide.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the 
        following discharges of a pesticide or pesticide residue:
                    ``(A) A discharge resulting from the application of 
                a pesticide in violation of a provision of the Federal 
                Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act that is 
                relevant to protecting water quality, if--
                            ``(i) the discharge would not have occurred 
                        but for the violation; or
                            ``(ii) the amount of pesticide or pesticide 
                        residue in the discharge is greater than would 
                        have occurred without the violation.
                    ``(B) Stormwater discharges subject to regulation 
                under subsection (p).
                    ``(C) The following discharges subject to 
                regulation under this section:
                            ``(i) Manufacturing or industrial effluent.
                            ``(ii) Treatment works effluent.
                            ``(iii) Discharges incidental to the normal 
                        operation of a vessel, including a discharge 
                        resulting from ballasting operations or vessel 
                        biofouling prevention.''.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

SEC. 11001. INFORMATION SHARING.

    Section 502(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(c)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Information.--
                    ``(A) Request.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Farm Service Agency shall, in a timely manner, provide 
                to an agent or an approved insurance provider 
                authorized by the producer any information (including 
                Farm Service Agency Form 578s (or any successor form) 
                or maps (or any corrections to those forms or maps) 
                that may assist the agent or approved insurance 
                provider in insuring the producer under a policy or 
                plan of insurance under this subtitle.
                    ``(B) Privacy.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (C), an agent or approved insurance provider that 
                receives the information of a producer pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) shall treat the information in 
                accordance with paragraph (1).
                    ``(C) Sharing.--Nothing in this section prohibits 
                the sharing of the information of a producer pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A) between the agent and the approved 
                insurance provider of the producer.''.

SEC. 11002. PUBLICATION OF INFORMATION ON VIOLATIONS OF PROHIBITION ON 
              PREMIUM ADJUSTMENTS.

    Section 508(a)(9) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(a)(9)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Publication of violations.--
                            ``(i) Publication required.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), the Corporation shall publish in a 
                        timely manner on the website of the Risk 
                        Management Agency information regarding each 
                        violation of this paragraph, including any 
                        sanctions imposed in response to the violation, 
                        in sufficient detail so that the information 
                        may serve as effective guidance to approved 
                        insurance providers, agents, and producers.
                            ``(ii) Protection of privacy.--In providing 
                        information under clause (i) regarding 
                        violations of this paragraph, the Corporation 
                        shall redact the identity of the persons and 
                        entities committing the violations in order to 
                        protect their privacy.''.

SEC. 11003. SUPPLEMENTAL COVERAGE OPTION.

    (a) Availability of Supplemental Coverage Option.--Paragraph (3) of 
section 508(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(c)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Yield and loss basis options.--A producer shall have 
        the option of purchasing additional coverage based on--
                    ``(A)(i) an individual yield and loss basis; or
                    ``(ii) an area yield and loss basis;
                    ``(B) an individual yield and loss basis, 
                supplemented with coverage based on an area yield and 
                loss basis to cover a part of the deductible under the 
                individual yield and loss policy, as described in 
                paragraph (4)(C); or
                    ``(C) a margin basis alone or in combination with 
                the coverages available in subparagraph (A) or (B).''.
    (b) Level of Coverage.--Paragraph (4) of section 508(c) of the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(c)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(4) Level of coverage.--
                    ``(A) Dollar denomination and percentage of 
                yield.--Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the 
                level of coverage--
                            ``(i) shall be dollar denominated; and
                            ``(ii) may be purchased at any level not to 
                        exceed 85 percent of the individual yield or 95 
                        percent of the area yield (as determined by the 
                        Corporation).
                    ``(B) Information.--The Corporation shall provide 
                producers with information on catastrophic risk and 
                additional coverage in terms of dollar coverage (within 
                the allowable limits of coverage provided in this 
                paragraph).
                    ``(C) Supplemental coverage option.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (A), in the case of the 
                        supplemental coverage option described in 
                        paragraph (3)(B), the Corporation shall offer 
                        producers the opportunity to purchase coverage 
                        in combination with a policy or plan of 
                        insurance offered under this subtitle that 
                        would allow indemnities to be paid to a 
                        producer equal to a part of the deductible 
                        under the policy or plan of insurance--
                                    ``(I) at a county-wide level to the 
                                fullest extent practicable; or
                                    ``(II) in counties that lack 
                                sufficient data, on the basis of such 
                                larger geographical area as the 
                                Corporation determines to provide 
                                sufficient data for purposes of 
                                providing the coverage.
                            ``(ii) Trigger.--Coverage offered under 
                        paragraph (3)(B) and clause (i) shall be 
                        triggered only if the losses in the area exceed 
                        10 percent of normal levels (as determined by 
                        the Corporation).
                            ``(iii) Coverage.--Subject to the trigger 
                        described in clause (ii), coverage offered 
                        under paragraph (3)(B) and clause (i) shall not 
                        exceed the difference between--
                                    ``(I) 90 percent; and
                                    ``(II) the coverage level selected 
                                by the producer for the underlying 
                                policy or plan of insurance.
                            ``(iv) Ineligible crops and acres.--Crops 
                        for which the producer has elected under 
                        section 1107(c)(1) of the Federal Agriculture 
                        Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 to 
                        receive revenue loss coverage and acres that 
                        are enrolled in the stacked income protection 
                        plan under section 508B shall not be eligible 
                        for supplemental coverage under this 
                        subparagraph.
                            ``(v) Calculation of premium.--
                        Notwithstanding subsection (d), the premium for 
                        coverage offered under paragraph (3)(B) and 
                        clause (i) shall--
                                    ``(I) be sufficient to cover 
                                anticipated losses and a reasonable 
                                reserve; and
                                    ``(II) include an amount for 
                                operating and administrative expenses 
                                established in accordance with 
                                subsection (k)(4)(F).''.
    (c) Payment of Portion of Premium by Corporation.--Section 
508(e)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(e)(2)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(H) In the case of the supplemental coverage 
                option authorized in subsection (c)(4)(C), the amount 
                shall be equal to the sum of--
                            ``(i) 65 percent of the additional premium 
                        associated with the coverage; and
                            ``(ii) the amount determined under 
                        subsection (c)(4)(C)(vi)(II), subject to 
                        subsection (k)(4)(F), for the coverage to cover 
                        operating and administrative expenses.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation shall 
begin to provide additional coverage based on an individual yield and 
loss basis, supplemented with coverage based on an area yield and loss 
basis, not later than for the 2014 crop year.

SEC. 11004. PREMIUM AMOUNTS FOR CATASTROPHIC RISK PROTECTION.

    Subparagraph (A) of section 508(d)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(d)(2)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) In the case of catastrophic risk protection, 
                the amount of the premium established by the 
                Corporation for each crop for which catastrophic risk 
                protection is available shall be reduced by the 
                percentage equal to the difference between the average 
                loss ratio for the crop and 100 percent, plus a 
                reasonable reserve.''.

SEC. 11005. REPEAL OF PERFORMANCE-BASED DISCOUNT.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 508(d) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1508(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 508(a)(9)(B) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(a)(9)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or'' at the end of clause (i);
            (2) by striking clause (ii); and
            (3) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).

SEC. 11006. PERMANENT ENTERPRISE UNIT SUBSIDY.

    Subparagraph (A) of section 508(e)(5) of the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(e)(5)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may pay a 
                portion of the premiums for plans or policies of 
                insurance for which the insurable unit is defined on a 
                whole farm or enterprise unit basis that is higher than 
                would otherwise be paid in accordance with paragraph 
                (2).''.

SEC. 11007. ENTERPRISE UNITS FOR IRRIGATED AND NONIRRIGATED CROPS.

    Section 508(e)(5) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(e)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                    ``(D) Nonirrigated crops.--Beginning with the 2014 
                crop year, the Corporation shall make available 
                separate enterprise units for irrigated and 
                nonirrigated acreage of crops in counties.''.

SEC. 11008. DATA COLLECTION.

    Section 508(g)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(g)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Sources of yield data.--To determine yields 
                under this paragraph, the Corporation--
                            ``(i) shall use county data collected by 
                        the Risk Management Agency or the National 
                        Agricultural Statistics Service, or both; or
                            ``(ii) if sufficient county data is not 
                        available, may use other data considered 
                        appropriate by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 11009. ADJUSTMENT IN ACTUAL PRODUCTION HISTORY TO ESTABLISH 
              INSURABLE YIELDS.

    Section 508(g)(4)(B) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(g)(4)(B)) is amended by striking ``60'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``70''.

SEC. 11010. SUBMISSION AND REVIEW OF POLICIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 508(h) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1508(h)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (B) by striking ``(1) In general.--In addition'' 
                and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Authority to submit.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Review and submission by corporation.--The 
                Corporation shall review any policy developed under 
                section 522(c) or any pilot program developed under 
                section 523 and submit the policy or program to the 
                Board under this subsection if the Corporation, at the 
                sole discretion of the Corporation, finds that the 
                policy or program--
                            ``(i) will likely result in a viable and 
                        marketable policy consistent with this 
                        subsection;
                            ``(ii) would provide crop insurance 
                        coverage in a significantly improved form; and
                            ``(iii) adequately protects the interests 
                        of producers.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``A policy'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--A policy''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Specified review and approval priorities.--In 
                reviewing policies and other materials submitted to the 
                Board under this subsection for approval, the Board--
                            ``(i) shall make the development and 
                        approval of a revenue policy for peanut 
                        producers a priority so that a revenue policy 
                        is available to peanut producers in time for 
                        the 2014 crop year;
                            ``(ii) shall make the development and 
                        approval of a margin coverage policy for rice 
                        producers a priority so that a margin coverage 
                        policy is available to rice producers in time 
                        for the 2014 crop year; and
                            ``(iii) may approve a submission that is 
                        made pursuant to this subsection that would, 
                        beginning with the 2014 crop year, allow 
                        producers that purchase policies in accordance 
                        with subsection (e)(5)(A) to separate 
                        enterprise units by risk rating for acreage of 
                        crops in counties.''.
    (b) Advance Payments.--Section 522(b)(2)(E) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(b)(2)(E)) is amended by striking ``50 
percent'' and inserting ``75 percent''.

SEC. 11011. EQUITABLE RELIEF FOR SPECIALTY CROP POLICIES.

    Section 508(k)(8)(E) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act of 1938 (7 
U.S.C. 1508(k)(8)(E)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
clause:
                            ``(iii) Equitable relief for specialty crop 
                        policies.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--For each of the 
                                2011 through 2015 reinsurance years, in 
                                addition to the total amount of funding 
                                for reimbursement of administrative and 
                                operating costs that is otherwise 
                                required to be made available in each 
                                such reinsurance year pursuant to an 
                                agreement entered into by the 
                                Corporation, the Corporation shall use 
                                $41,000,000 to provide additional 
                                reimbursement with respect to eligible 
                                insurance contracts for any 
                                agricultural commodity that is not 
                                eligible for a benefit under subtitles 
                                A, B or C of title I of the Federal 
                                Agriculture Reform and Risk Management 
                                Act of 2013.
                                    ``(II) Treatment.--Additional 
                                reimbursements made under this clause 
                                shall be included as part of the base 
                                level of administrative and operating 
                                expense reimbursement to which any 
                                limit on compensation to persons 
                                involved in the direct sale and service 
                                of any eligible crop insurance contract 
                                required under an agreement entered 
                                into by the Corporation is applied.
                                    ``(III) Rule of construction.--
                                Nothing in this clause shall be 
                                construed as statutory assent to the 
                                limit described in subclause (II).''.

SEC. 11012. BUDGET LIMITATIONS ON RENEGOTIATION OF THE STANDARD 
              REINSURANCE AGREEMENT.

    Section 508(k)(8) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act of 1938 (7 
U.S.C. 1508(k)(8)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                    ``(F) Budget.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Board shall ensure 
                        that any Standard Reinsurance Agreement 
                        negotiated under subparagraph (A)(ii), as 
                        compared to the previous Standard Reinsurance 
                        Agreement--
                                    ``(I) to the maximum extent 
                                practicable, shall be budget neutral; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) in no event, may 
                                significantly depart from budget 
                                neutrality.
                            ``(ii) Use of savings.--To the extent that 
                        any budget savings is realized in the 
                        renegotiation of a Standard Reinsurance 
                        Agreement under subparagraph (A)(ii), and the 
                        savings are determined not to be a significant 
                        departure from budget neutrality under clause 
                        (i), the savings shall be used to increase the 
                        obligations of the Corporation under 
                        subsections (e)(2) or (k)(4) or section 523.''.

SEC. 11013. CROP PRODUCTION ON NATIVE SOD.

    (a) Federal Crop Insurance.--Section 508(o) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(o)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``, or the producer 
        cannot substantiate that the ground has ever been tilled,'' 
        after ``tilled'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``Ineligibility for'' and inserting ``Reduction in''; 
                and
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``for benefits 
                under--'' and all that follows through the period at 
                the end and inserting ``for--
                            ``(i) a portion of crop insurance premium 
                        subsidies under this subtitle in accordance 
                        with paragraph (3);
                            ``(ii) benefits under section 196 of the 
                        Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
                        of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333); and
                            ``(iii) payments described in subsection 
                        (b) or (c) of section 1001 of the Food Security 
                        Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308).''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following 
        new paragraphs:
            ``(3) Administration.--
                    ``(A) In general.--During the first 4 crop years of 
                planting on native sod acreage by a producer described 
                in paragraph (2)--
                            ``(i) paragraph (2) shall apply to 65 
                        percent of the transitional yield of the 
                        producer; and
                            ``(ii) the crop insurance premium subsidy 
                        provided for the producer under this subtitle 
                        shall be 50 percentage points less than the 
                        premium subsidy that would otherwise apply.
                    ``(B) Yield substitution.--During the period native 
                sod acreage is covered by this subsection, a producer 
                may not substitute yields for the native sod acreage.
            ``(4) Application.--This subsection shall only apply to 
        native sod in the Prairie Pothole National Priority Area.''.
    (b) Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance.--Section 196(a)(4) of the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7333(a)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``ineligibility'' 
        and inserting ``benefit reduction'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting ``, or the 
        producer cannot substantiate that the ground has ever been 
        tilled,'' after ``tilled'';
            (3) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in the subparagraph heading, by striking 
                ``Ineligibility'' and inserting ``Reduction in''; and
                    (B) in clause (i), by striking ``for benefits 
                under--'' and all that follows through the period at 
                the end and inserting ``for--
                                    ``(I) benefits under this section;
                                    ``(II) a portion of crop insurance 
                                premium subsidies under the Federal 
                                Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et 
                                seq.) in accordance with subparagraph 
                                (C); and
                                    ``(III) payments described in 
                                subsection (b) or (c) of section 1001 
                                of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
                                U.S.C. 1308).''; and
            (4) by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Administration.--
                            ``(i) In general.--During the first 4 crop 
                        years of planting on native sod acreage by a 
                        producer described in subparagraph (B)--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (B) shall apply 
                                to 65 percent of the transitional yield 
                                of the producer; and
                                    ``(II) the crop insurance premium 
                                subsidy provided for the producer under 
                                the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
                                U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) shall be 50 
                                percentage points less than the premium 
                                subsidy that would otherwise apply.
                            ``(ii) Yield substitution.--During the 
                        period native sod acreage is covered by this 
                        paragraph, a producer may not substitute yields 
                        for the native sod acreage.
                    ``(D) Application.--This paragraph shall only apply 
                to native sod in the Prairie Pothole National Priority 
                Area.''.
    (c) Cropland Report.--
            (1) Baseline.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the cropland 
        acreage in each applicable county and State, and the change in 
        cropland acreage from the preceding year in each applicable 
        county and State, beginning with calendar year 2000 and 
        including that information for the most recent year for which 
        that information is available.
            (2) Annual updates.--Not later than January 1, 2015, and 
        each January 1 thereafter through January 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
        on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
        that describes--
                    (A) the cropland acreage in each applicable county 
                and State as of the date of submission of the report; 
                and
                    (B) the change in cropland acreage from the 
                preceding year in each applicable county and State.

SEC. 11014. COVERAGE LEVELS BY PRACTICE.

    Section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 
1508) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(p) Coverage Levels by Practice.--Beginning with the 2015 crop 
year, a producer that produces an agricultural commodity on both dry 
land and irrigated land may elect a different coverage level for each 
production practice.''.

SEC. 11015. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER PROVISIONS.

    (a) Definition.--Section 502(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1502(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (10), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Beginning farmer or rancher.--The term `beginning 
        farmer or rancher' means a farmer or rancher who has not 
        actively operated and managed a farm or ranch with a bona fide 
        insurable interest in a crop or livestock as an owner-operator, 
        landlord, tenant, or sharecropper for more than 5 crop years, 
        as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Premium Adjustments.--Section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(5)(E), by inserting ``and beginning 
        farmers or ranchers'' after ``limited resource farmers'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(8) Premium for beginning farmers or ranchers.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection 
        regarding payment of a portion of premiums, a beginning farmer 
        or rancher shall receive premium assistance that is 10 
        percentage points greater than premium assistance that would 
        otherwise be available under paragraphs (2) (except for 
        subparagraph (A) of that paragraph), (5), (6), and (7) for the 
        applicable policy, plan of insurance, and coverage level 
        selected by the beginning farmer or rancher.''; and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in clause (ii)(III), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) if the producer is a beginning 
                        farmer or rancher who was previously involved 
                        in a farming or ranching operation, including 
                        involvement in the decisionmaking or physical 
                        involvement in the production of the crop or 
                        livestock on the farm, for any acreage obtained 
                        by the beginning farmer or rancher, a yield 
                        that is the higher of--
                                    ``(I) the actual production history 
                                of the previous producer of the crop or 
                                livestock on the acreage determined 
                                under subparagraph (A); or
                                    ``(II) a yield of the producer, as 
                                determined in clause (i).''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B)(ii) (as amended by section 
                11009)--
                            (i) by inserting ``(I)'' after ``(ii)'';
                            (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                                            ``(II) in the case of 
                                        beginning farmers or ranchers, 
                                        replace each excluded yield 
                                        with a yield equal to 80 
                                        percent of the applicable 
                                        transitional yield.''.

SEC. 11016. STACKED INCOME PROTECTION PLAN FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
              COTTON.

    (a) Availability of Stacked Income Protection Plan for Producers of 
Upland Cotton.--The Federal Crop Insurance Act is amended by inserting 
after section 508A (7 U.S.C. 1508a) the following new section:

``SEC. 508B. STACKED INCOME PROTECTION PLAN FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
              COTTON.

    ``(a) Availability.--Beginning not later than the 2014 crop of 
upland cotton, the Corporation shall make available to producers of 
upland cotton an additional policy (to be known as the `Stacked Income 
Protection Plan'), which shall provide coverage consistent with the 
Group Risk Income Protection Plan (and the associated Harvest Revenue 
Option Endorsement) offered by the Corporation for the 2011 crop year.
    ``(b) Required Terms.--The Corporation may modify the Stacked 
Income Protection Plan on a program-wide basis, except that the Stacked 
Income Protection Plan shall comply with the following requirements:
            ``(1) Provide coverage for revenue loss of not less than 10 
        percent and not more than 30 percent of expected county 
        revenue, specified in increments of 5 percent. The deductible 
        is the minimum percent of revenue loss at which indemnities are 
        triggered under the plan, not to be less than 10 percent of the 
        expected county revenue.
            ``(2) Be offered to producers of upland cotton in all 
        counties with upland cotton production--
                    ``(A) at a county-wide level to the fullest extent 
                practicable; or
                    ``(B) in counties that lack sufficient data, on the 
                basis of such larger geographical area as the 
                Corporation determines to provide sufficient data for 
                purposes of providing the coverage.
            ``(3) Be purchased in addition to any other individual or 
        area coverage in effect on the producer's acreage or as a 
        stand-alone policy, except that if a producer has an individual 
        or area coverage for the same acreage, the maximum coverage 
        available under the Stacked Income Protection Plan shall not 
        exceed the deductible for the individual or area coverage.
            ``(4) Establish coverage based on--
                    ``(A) the expected price established under existing 
                Group Risk Income Protection or area wide policy 
                offered by the Corporation for the applicable county 
                (or area) and crop year; and
                    ``(B) an expected county yield that is the higher 
                of--
                            ``(i) the expected county yield established 
                        for the existing area-wide plans offered by the 
                        Corporation for the applicable county (or area) 
                        and crop year (or, in geographic areas where 
                        area-wide plans are not offered, an expected 
                        yield determined in a manner consistent with 
                        those of area-wide plans); or
                            ``(ii) the average of the applicable yield 
                        data for the county (or area) for the most 
                        recent 5 years, excluding the highest and 
                        lowest observations, from the Risk Management 
                        Agency or the National Agricultural Statistics 
                        Service (or both) or, if sufficient county data 
                        is not available, such other data considered 
                        appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Use a multiplier factor to establish maximum 
        protection per acre (referred to as a `protection factor') of 
        not less than the higher of the level established on a program 
        wide basis or 120 percent.
            ``(6) Pay an indemnity based on the amount that the 
        expected county revenue exceeds the actual county revenue, as 
        applied to the individual coverage of the producer. Indemnities 
        under the Stacked Income Protection Plan shall not include or 
        overlap the amount of the deductible selected under paragraph 
        (1).
            ``(7) In all counties for which data are available, 
        establish separate coverage levels for irrigated and non-
        irrigated practices.
    ``(c) Premium.--Notwithstanding section 508(d), the premium for the 
Stacked Income Protection Plan shall--
            ``(1) be sufficient to cover anticipated losses and a 
        reasonable reserve; and
            ``(2) include an amount for operating and administrative 
        expenses established in accordance with section 508(k)(4)(F).
    ``(d) Payment of Portion of Premium by Corporation.--Subject to 
section 508(e)(4), the amount of premium paid by the Corporation for 
all qualifying coverage levels of the Stacked Income Protection Plan 
shall be--
            ``(1) 80 percent of the amount of the premium established 
        under subsection (c) for the coverage level selected; and
            ``(2) the amount determined under subsection (c)(2), 
        subject to section 508(k)(4)(F), for the coverage to cover 
        administrative and operating expenses.
    ``(e) Relation to Other Coverages.--The Stacked Income Protection 
Plan is in addition to all other coverages available to producers of 
upland cotton.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 508(k)(4)(F) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(k)(4)(F)) is amended by inserting ``or 
authorized under subsection (c)(4)(C) or section 508B'' after ``of this 
subparagraph''.

SEC. 11017. PEANUT REVENUE CROP INSURANCE.

    The Federal Crop Insurance Act is amended by inserting after 
section 508B, as added by the previous section, the following new 
section:

``SEC. 508C. PEANUT REVENUE CROP INSURANCE.

    ``(a) In General.--Effective beginning with the 2014 crop year, the 
Risk Management Agency and the Corporation shall make available to 
producers of peanuts a revenue crop insurance program for peanuts.
    ``(b) Effective Price.--Subject to subsection (c), for purposes of 
the revenue crop insurance program and the multiperil crop insurance 
program under this Act, the effective price for peanuts shall be equal 
to the Rotterdam price index for peanuts, as adjusted to reflect the 
farmer stock price of peanuts in the United States.
    ``(c) Adjustments.--
            ``(1) In general.--The effective price for peanuts 
        established under subsection (b) may be adjusted by the Risk 
        Management Agency and the Corporation to correct distortions.
            ``(2) Administration.--If an adjustment is made under 
        paragraph (1), the Risk Management Agency and the Corporation 
        shall--
                    ``(A) make the adjustment in an open and 
                transparent manner; and
                    ``(B) submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that describes the reasons for the 
                adjustment.''.

SEC. 11018. AUTHORITY TO CORRECT ERRORS.

    Section 515(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1515(c)) 
is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Secretary'' 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``Beginning with'' 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Frequency.--Beginning with''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Corrections.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition to the corrections 
                permitted by the Corporation as of the date of 
                enactment of the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
                Management Act of 2013, the Corporation shall allow an 
                agent or an approved insurance provider, subject to 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            ``(i) within a reasonable amount of time 
                        following the applicable sales closing date, to 
                        correct unintentional errors in information 
                        that is provided by a producer for the purpose 
                        of obtaining coverage under any policy or plan 
                        of insurance made available under this subtitle 
                        to ensure that the eligibility information is 
                        correct;
                            ``(ii) within a reasonable amount of time 
                        following--
                                    ``(I) the acreage reporting date, 
                                to correct unintentional errors in 
                                factual information that is provided by 
                                a producer after the sales closing date 
                                to reconcile the information with the 
                                information reported by the producer to 
                                the Farm Service Agency; or
                                    ``(II) the date of any subsequent 
                                correction of data by the Farm Service 
                                Agency made as a result of the 
                                verification of information; and
                            ``(iii) at any time, to correct 
                        unintentional errors that were made by the Farm 
                        Service Agency or an agent or approved 
                        insurance provider in transmitting the 
                        information provided by the producer to the 
                        approved insurance provider or the Corporation.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--In accordance with the 
                procedures of the Corporation, correction to the 
                information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
                subparagraph (A) may only be made if the corrections do 
                not allow the producer--
                            ``(i) to avoid ineligibility requirements 
                        for insurance;
                            ``(ii) to obtain, enhance, or increase an 
                        insurance guarantee or indemnity, or avoid 
                        premium owed, if a cause of loss exists or has 
                        occurred before any correction has been made; 
                        or
                            ``(iii) to avoid an obligation or 
                        requirement under any Federal or State law.
                    ``(C) Exception to late filing sanctions.--Any 
                corrections made pursuant to this paragraph shall not 
                be subject to any late filing sanctions authorized in 
                the reinsurance agreement with the Corporation.''.

SEC. 11019. IMPLEMENTATION.

    Section 515 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1515) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (j), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) Systems maintenance and upgrades.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall maintain and 
                upgrade the information management systems of the 
                Corporation used in the administration and enforcement 
                of this subtitle.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In maintaining and 
                        upgrading the systems, the Secretary shall 
                        ensure that new hardware and software are 
                        compatible with the hardware and software used 
                        by other agencies of the Department to maximize 
                        data sharing and promote the purposes of this 
                        section.
                            ``(ii) Acreage report streamlining 
                        initiative project.--As soon as practicable, 
                        the Secretary shall develop and implement an 
                        acreage report streamlining initiative project 
                        to allow producers to report acreage and other 
                        information directly to the Department.''; and
            (2) in subsection (k), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) Information technology.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of subsection 
                (j)(1), the Corporation may use, from amounts made 
                available from the insurance fund established under 
                section 516(c), not more than--
                            ``(i)(I) for fiscal year 2014, $25,000,000; 
                        and
                            ``(II) for each of fiscal years 2015 
                        through 2018, $10,000,000; or
                            ``(ii) if the Acreage Crop Reporting 
                        Streamlining Initiative (ACRSI) project is 
                        substantially completed by September 30, 2015, 
                        not more than $15,000,000 for each of the 
                        fiscal years 2015 through 2018.
                    ``(B) Notification.--The Secretary shall notify the 
                Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate of the 
                substantial completion of the Acreage Crop Reporting 
                Streamlining Initiative (ACRSI) project not later than 
                July 1, 2015.''.

SEC. 11020. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIES.

    (a) Authority to Conduct Research and Development, Priorities.--
Section 522(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(c)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading by striking ``Contracting'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``may enter into contracts to carry out 
        research and development to'' and inserting ``may conduct 
        activities or enter into contracts to carry out research and 
        development to maintain or improve existing policies or develop 
        new policies to'';
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``conduct 
                research and development or'' after ``The Corporation 
                may''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``conducting 
                research and development or'' after ``Before'';
            (4) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``after expert review in 
        accordance with section 505(e)'' after ``approved by the 
        Board''; and
            (5) in paragraph (6), by striking ``a pasture, range, and 
        forage program'' and inserting ``policies that increase 
        participation by producers of underserved agricultural 
        commodities, including sweet sorghum, biomass sorghum, rice, 
        peanuts, sugarcane, alfalfa, and specialty crops''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 522(e) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1522(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``(A) Authority.--'' and inserting 
                ``(A) Conducting and contracting for research and 
                development.--'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``conduct 
                research and development and'' after ``the Corporation 
                may use to''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``conduct 
                research and development and'' after ``for the fiscal 
                year to'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``to provide either 
        reimbursement payments or contract payments''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (4).

SEC. 11021. ADDITIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 522(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(c)) 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (17) as paragraph (23); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (16), the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(17) Margin coverage for catfish.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to 
                enter into a contract with a qualified entity to 
                conduct research and development regarding a policy to 
                insure producers against reduction in the margin 
                between the market value of catfish and selected costs 
                incurred in the production of catfish.
                    ``(B) Eligibility.--Eligibility for the policy 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall be limited to 
                freshwater species of catfish that are propagated and 
                reared in controlled or selected environments.
                    ``(C) Implementation.--The Board shall review the 
                policy described in subparagraph (B) under subsection 
                508(h) and approve the policy if the Board finds that 
                the policy--
                            ``(i) will likely result in a viable and 
                        marketable policy consistent with this 
                        subsection;
                            ``(ii) would provide crop insurance 
                        coverage in a significantly improved form;
                            ``(iii) adequately protects the interests 
                        of producers; and
                            ``(iv) the proposed policy meets other 
                        requirements of this subtitle determined 
                        appropriate by the Board.
            ``(18) Biomass and sweet sorghum energy crop insurance 
        policies.--
                    ``(A) Authority.--The Corporation shall offer to 
                enter into 1 or more contracts with qualified entities 
                to carry out research and development regarding--
                            ``(i) a policy to insure biomass sorghum 
                        that is grown expressly for the purpose of 
                        producing a feedstock for renewable biofuel, 
                        renewable electricity, or biobased products; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) a policy to insure sweet sorghum 
                        that is grown for a purpose described in clause 
                        (i).
                    ``(B) Research and development.--Research and 
                development with respect to each of the policies 
                required in subparagraph (A) shall evaluate the 
                effectiveness of risk management tools for the 
                production of biomass sorghum or sweet sorghum, 
                including policies and plans of insurance that--
                            ``(i) are based on market prices and 
                        yields;
                            ``(ii) to the extent that insufficient data 
                        exist to develop a policy based on market 
                        prices and yields, evaluate the policies and 
                        plans of insurance based on the use of weather 
                        indices, including excessive or inadequate 
                        rainfall, to protect the interest of crop 
                        producers; and
                            ``(iii) provide protection for production 
                        or revenue losses, or both.
            ``(19) Study on swine catastrophic disease program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall contract 
                with a qualified person to conduct a study to determine 
                the feasibility of insuring swine producers for a 
                catastrophic event.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of the enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation 
                shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that describes the results of the study 
                conducted under subparagraph (A).
            ``(20) Whole farm diversified risk management insurance 
        plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall conduct 
                activities or enter into contracts to carry out 
                research and development to develop a whole farm risk 
                management insurance plan, with a liability limitation 
                of $1,000,000, that allows a diversified crop or 
                livestock producer the option to qualify for an 
                indemnity if actual gross farm revenue is below 85 
                percent of the average gross farm revenue or the 
                expected gross farm revenue that can reasonably be 
                expected of the producer, as determined by the 
                Corporation.
                    ``(B) Eligible producers.--The Corporation shall 
                permit producers (including direct-to-consumer 
                marketers and producers servicing local and regional 
                and farm identity-preserved markets) who produce 
                multiple agricultural commodities, including specialty 
                crops, industrial crops, livestock, and aquaculture 
                products, to participate in the plan in lieu of any 
                other plan under this subtitle.
                    ``(C) Diversification.--The Corporation may provide 
                diversification-based additional coverage payment 
                rates, premium discounts, or other enhanced benefits in 
                recognition of the risk management benefits of crop and 
                livestock diversification strategies for producers that 
                grow multiple crops or that may have income from the 
                production of livestock that uses a crop grown on the 
                farm.
                    ``(D) Market readiness.--The Corporation may 
                include coverage for the value of any packing, 
                packaging, or any other similar on-farm activity the 
                Corporation determines to be the minimum required in 
                order to remove the commodity from the field.
                    ``(E) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation 
                shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that describes the results and feasibility of 
                the research and development conducted under this 
                paragraph, including an analysis of potential adverse 
                market distortions.
            ``(21) Study on poultry catastrophic disease program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall contract 
                with a qualified person to conduct a study to determine 
                the feasibility of insuring poultry producers for a 
                catastrophic event.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of the enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation 
                shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that describes the results of the study 
                conducted under subparagraph (A).
            ``(22) Poultry business interruption insurance policy.--
                    ``(A) Authority.--The Corporation shall offer to 
                enter into a contract or cooperative agreement with a 
                university or other legal entity to carry out research 
                and development regarding a policy to insure the 
                commercial production of poultry against business 
                interruptions caused by integrator bankruptcy.
                    ``(B) Research and development.--As part of the 
                research and development conducted pursuant to a 
                contract or cooperative agreement entered into under 
                subparagraph (A), the entity shall--
                            ``(i) evaluate the market place for 
                        business interruption insurance that is 
                        available to poultry growers;
                            ``(ii) determine what statutory authority 
                        would be necessary to implement a business 
                        interruption insurance through the Corporation;
                            ``(iii) assess the feasibility of a policy 
                        or plan of insurance offered under this 
                        subtitle to insure against losses due to the 
                        bankruptcy of an business integrator; and
                            ``(iv) analyze the costs to the Federal 
                        Government of a Federal business interruption 
                        insurance program for poultry growers.
                    ``(C) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms 
                `poultry' and `poultry grower' have the meanings given 
                those terms in section 2(a) of the Packers and 
                Stockyards Act, 1921 (7 U.S.C. 182(a)).
                    ``(D) Deadline for contract or cooperative 
                agreement.--Not later than six months after the date of 
                the enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall 
                enter into the contract or cooperative agreement 
                required by subparagraph (A).
                    ``(E) Deadline for completion of research and 
                development.--Not later than one year after the date of 
                the enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall 
                submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
                describes the results of the research and development 
                conducted pursuant to the contract or cooperative 
                agreement entered into under subparagraph (A).''.

SEC. 11022. PROGRAM COMPLIANCE PARTNERSHIPS.

    Paragraph (1) of section 522(d) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1522(d)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to 
        authorize the Corporation to enter into partnerships with 
        public and private entities for the purpose of either--
                    ``(A) increasing the availability of loss 
                mitigation, financial, and other risk management tools 
                for producers, with a priority given to risk management 
                tools for producers of agricultural commodities covered 
                by section 196 of the Agricultural Market Transition 
                Act (7 U.S.C. 7333), specialty crops, and underserved 
                agricultural commodities; or
                    ``(B) improving analysis tools and technology 
                regarding compliance or identifying and using 
                innovative compliance strategies.''.

SEC. 11023. PILOT PROGRAMS.

    Section 523(a) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1523(a)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, at the sole 
        discretion of the Corporation,'' after ``may''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 11024. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Eligibility for Department Programs.--Section 508(b) of the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (7); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (8) through (11) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (10), respectively.
    (b) Exclusions to Assistance for Losses Due to Drought 
Conditions.--
            (1) In general.--Section 531(d)(3)(A) of the Federal Crop 
        Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1531(d)(3)(A)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(A) Eligible losses.--'' and all 
                that follows through ``An eligible'' in clause (i) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Eligible losses.--An eligible'';
                    (B) by striking clause (ii); and
                    (C) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) as 
                clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 901(d)(3)(A) of the 
        Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2497(d)(3)(A)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(A) Eligible losses.--'' and all 
                that follows through ``An eligible'' in clause (i) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Eligible losses.--An eligible'';
                    (B) by striking clause (ii); and
                    (C) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) as 
                clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                         Subtitle A--Livestock

SEC. 12101. NATIONAL SHEEP INDUSTRY IMPROVEMENT CENTER.

    Section 375(e)(6)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2008j(e)(6)(C)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 12102. TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Alternative Certification Process.--The Secretary of 
Agriculture shall amend the rule made under paragraph (2) of section 
11010(a) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
8304(a)) to implement the voluntary trichinae certification program 
established under paragraph (1) of such section, to include a 
requirement to establish an alternative trichinae certification process 
based on surveillance or other methods consistent with international 
standards for categorizing compartments as having negligible risk for 
trichinae.
    (b) Final Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date on 
which the international standards referred to in subsection (a) are 
adopted, the Secretary shall finalize the rule amended under such 
subsection.
    (c) Reauthorization.--Section 10405(d)(1) of the Animal Health 
Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8304(d)(1)) is amended in subparagraphs (A) 
and (B) by striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 12103. NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH PLAN.

    Section 11013(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8322(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 12104. COUNTRY OF ORIGIN LABELING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
Office of the Chief Economist, shall conduct an economic analysis of 
the proposed rule entitled ``Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling of 
Beef, Pork, Lamb, Chicken, Goat Meat, Wild and Farm-raised Fish and 
Shellfish, Perishable Agricultural Commodities, Peanuts, Pecans, 
Ginseng and Macadamia Nuts'' published by the Department of Agriculture 
on March 12, 2013 (76 Fed. Reg. 15645).
    (b) Contents.--The economic analysis described in subsection (a) 
shall include, with respect to the labeling of beef, pork, and chicken, 
an analysis of the impact on consumers, producers, and packers in the 
United States of--
            (1) the implentation of subtitle D of the Agricultural 
        Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638 et seq.); and
            (2) the proposed rule referred to in subsection (a).

SEC. 12105. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH LABORATORY NETWORK.

    Subtitle E of title X of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 
10409 the following new section:

``SEC. 10409A. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH LABORATORY NETWORK.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall enter into contracts, 
grants, cooperative agreements, or other legal instruments with 
eligible laboratories for any of the following purposes:
            ``(1) To enhance the capability of the Secretary to detect, 
        and respond in a timely manner to, emerging or existing threats 
        to animal health and to support the protection of public 
        health, the environment, and the agricultural economy of the 
        United States.
            ``(2) To provide the capacity and capability for 
        standardized--
                    ``(A) test procedures, reference materials, and 
                equipment;
                    ``(B) laboratory biosafety and biosecurity levels;
                    ``(C) quality management system requirements;
                    ``(D) interconnected electronic reporting and 
                transmission of data; and
                    ``(E) evaluation for emergency preparedness.
            ``(3) To coordinate the development, implementation, and 
        enhancement of national veterinary diagnostic laboratory 
        capabilities, with special emphasis on surveillance planning 
        and vulnerability analysis, technology development and 
        validation, training, and outreach.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--An eligible laboratory under this section is a 
diagnostic laboratory meeting specific criteria developed by the 
Secretary, in consultation with State animal health officials and State 
and university veterinary diagnostic laboratories.
    ``(c) Priority.--To the extent practicable and to the extent 
capacity and specialized expertise may be necessary, the Secretary 
shall give priority to existing Federal, State, and university 
facilities.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.

   Subtitle B--Socially Disadvantaged Producers and Limited Resource 
                               Producers

SEC. 12201. OUTREACH AND ASSISTANCE FOR SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS 
              AND RANCHERS AND VETERAN FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    (a) Outreach and Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and 
Ranchers and Veteran Farmers and Ranchers.--Section 2501 of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279) is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and veteran 
        farmers and ranchers'' after ``ranchers'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and veteran 
                farmers or ranchers'' after ``ranchers'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i), by inserting ``and 
                veteran farmers or ranchers'' after ``ranchers''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the heading of such 
                                subparagraph, by striking ``2012'' and 
                                insering ``2018'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and''; and
                                    (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following new clause:
                            ``(iii) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                        years 2014 through 2018.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
                authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
                $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
                2018.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or veteran farmers 
        and ranchers'' after ``socially disadvantaged farmers and 
        ranchers'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``veteran 
                farmers or ranchers and'' before ``members''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``veteran 
                farmers or ranchers and'' before ``members''; and
            (5) in subsection (e)(5)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by inserting ``and veteran 
                farmers or ranchers'' after ``ranchers''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``and veteran 
                farmers or ranchers'' after ``ranchers''.
    (b) Definition of Veteran Farmer or Rancher.--Section 2501(e) of 
the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
2279(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(7) Veteran farmer or rancher.--The term `veteran farmer 
        or rancher' means a farmer or rancher who served in the active 
        military, naval, or air service, and who was discharged or 
        released from the service under conditions other than 
        dishonorable.''.

SEC. 12202. OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH.

    Paragraph (3) of section 226B(f) of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6934(f)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
                years 2009 through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''.

               Subtitle C--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 12301. GRANTS TO IMPROVE SUPPLY, STABILITY, SAFETY, AND TRAINING 
              OF AGRICULTURAL LABOR FORCE.

    Subsection (d) of section 14204 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2008q-1) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

SEC. 12302. PROGRAM BENEFIT ELIGIBILITY STATUS FOR PARTICIPANTS IN HIGH 
              PLAINS WATER STUDY.

    Section 2901 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1818) is amended by striking ``this Act 
or an amendment made by this Act'' and inserting ``this Act, an 
amendment made by this Act, the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk 
Management Act of 2013, or an amendment made by the Federal Agriculture 
Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013''.

SEC. 12303. OFFICE OF TRIBAL RELATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Title III of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 is amended by 
adding after section 308 (7 U.S.C. 3125a note; Public Law 103-354) the 
following new section:

``SEC. 309. OFFICE OF TRIBAL RELATIONS.

    ``The Secretary shall establish in the Office of the Secretary an 
Office of Tribal Relations to advise the Secretary on policies related 
to Indian tribes.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 296(b) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)) is amended by 
inserting after paragraph (8), as added by section 3207, the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(9) the authority of the Secretary to establish in the 
        Office of the Secretary the Office of Tribal Relations in 
        accordance with section 309; and''.

SEC. 12304. MILITARY VETERANS AGRICULTURAL LIAISON.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 is amended by inserting after section 218 (7 
U.S.C. 6918) the following new section:

``SEC. 219. MILITARY VETERANS AGRICULTURAL LIAISON.

    ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary shall establish in the 
Department the position of Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
    ``(b) Duties.--The Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison shall--
            ``(1) provide information to returning veterans about, and 
        connect returning veterans with, beginning farmer training and 
        agricultural vocational and rehabilitation programs appropriate 
        to the needs and interests of returning veterans, including 
        assisting veterans in using Federal veterans educational 
        benefits for purposes relating to beginning a farming or 
        ranching career;
            ``(2) provide information to veterans concerning the 
        availability of and eligibility requirements for participation 
        in agricultural programs, with particular emphasis on beginning 
        farmer and rancher programs;
            ``(3) serve as a resource for assisting veteran farmers and 
        ranchers, and potential farmers and ranchers, in applying for 
        participation in agricultural programs; and
            ``(4) advocate on behalf of veterans in interactions with 
        employees of the Department.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 296(b) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)) is amended by 
inserting after paragraph (9), as added by section 12303, the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(10) the authority of the Secretary to establish in the 
        Department the position of Military Veterans Agricultural 
        Liaison in accordance with section 219.''.

SEC. 12305. PROHIBITION ON KEEPING GSA LEASED CARS OVERNIGHT.

    A Federal employee of a State office of the Farm Service Agency in 
the field and non-Federal employees of county and area committees 
established under section 8(b)(5) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic 
Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)(5)) shall keep leased interagency 
motor pool vehicles at a location listed on the General Services 
Administration inventory of owned and leased properties or a location 
owned or leased by the Department of Agriculture overnight unless the 
employee assigned the vehicle is on overnight, approved travel status 
involving per diem.

SEC. 12306. NONINSURED CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333), as amended by section 11013(b), is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Coverages.--In the case of an eligible crop 
                described in paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
                Agriculture shall operate a noninsured crop disaster 
                assistance program to provide coverages based on 
                individual yields (other than for value-loss crops) 
                equivalent to--
                            ``(i) catastrophic risk protection 
                        available under section 508(b) of the Federal 
                        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(b)); or
                            ``(ii) additional coverage available under 
                        subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of that 
                        Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) that does not exceed 65 
                        percent.
                    ``(B) Administration.--The Secretary shall carry 
                out this section through the Farm Service Agency 
                (referred to in this section as the `Agency').''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``and'' after the semicolon at the end;
                                    (II) by redesignating clause (ii) 
                                as clause (iii); and
                                    (III) by inserting after clause (i) 
                                the following new clause:
                                    ``(ii) for which additional 
                                coverage under subsections (c) and (h) 
                                of section 508 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
                                1508) is not available; and''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting 
                        ``sweet sorghum, biomass sorghum,'' before 
                        ``and industrial crops'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Subject to subsection (l), the Secretary''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Payment Equivalent to Additional Coverage.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available to a 
        producer eligible for noninsured assistance under this section 
        a payment equivalent to an indemnity for additional coverage 
        under subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of the Federal 
        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) that does not exceed 65 
        percent of the established yield for the eligible crop on the 
        farm, computed by multiplying--
                    ``(A) the quantity that is not greater than 65 
                percent of the established yield for the crop, as 
                determined by the Secretary, specified in increments of 
                5 percent;
                    ``(B) 100 percent of the average market price for 
                the crop, as determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(C) a payment rate for the type of crop, as 
                determined by the Secretary, that reflects--
                            ``(i) in the case of a crop that is 
                        produced with a significant and variable 
                        harvesting expense, the decreasing cost 
                        incurred in the production cycle for the crop 
                        that is, as applicable--
                                    ``(I) harvested;
                                    ``(II) planted but not harvested; 
                                or
                                    ``(III) prevented from being 
                                planted because of drought, flood, or 
                                other natural disaster, as determined 
                                by the Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a crop that is 
                        produced without a significant and variable 
                        harvesting expense, such rate as shall be 
                        determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Premium.--To be eligible to receive a payment under 
        this subsection, a producer shall pay--
                    ``(A) the service fee required by subsection (k); 
                and
                    ``(B) a premium for the applicable crop year that 
                is equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
                            ``(i) the number of acres devoted to the 
                        eligible crop;
                            ``(ii) the established yield for the 
                        eligible crop, as determined by the Secretary 
                        under subsection (e);
                            ``(iii) the coverage level elected by the 
                        producer;
                            ``(iv) the average market price, as 
                        determined by the Secretary; and
                            ``(v) .0525.
            ``(3) Limited resource, beginning, and socially 
        disadvantaged farmers.--The additional coverage made available 
        under this subsection shall be available to limited resource, 
        beginning, and socially disadvantaged producers, as determined 
        by the Secretary, in exchange for a premium that is 50 percent 
        of the premium determined for a producer under paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Premium payment and application deadline.--
                    ``(A) Premium payment.--A producer electing 
                additional coverage under this subsection shall pay the 
                premium amount owed for the additional coverage by 
                September 30 of the crop year for which the additional 
                coverage is purchased.
                    ``(B) Application deadline.--The latest date on 
                which additional coverage under this subsection may be 
                elected shall be the application closing date described 
                in subsection (b)(1).
            ``(5) Effective date.--Additional coverage under this 
        subsection shall be available beginning with the 2015 crop.''.

SEC. 12307. ENSURING HIGH STANDARDS FOR AGENCY USE OF SCIENTIFIC 
              INFORMATION.

    (a) Requirement for Final Guidelines.--Not later than January 1, 
2014, each Federal agency shall have in effect guidelines for ensuring 
and maximizing the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of 
scientific information relied upon by such agency.
    (b) Content of Guidelines.--The guidelines described in subsection 
(a), with respect to a Federal agency, shall ensure that--
            (1) when scientific information is considered by the agency 
        in policy decisions--
                    (A) the information is subject to well-established 
                scientific processes, including peer review where 
                appropriate;
                    (B) the agency appropriately applies the scientific 
                information to the policy decision;
                    (C) except for information that is protected from 
                disclosure by law or administrative practice, the 
                agency makes available to the public the scientific 
                information considered by the agency;
                    (D) the agency gives greatest weight to information 
                that is based on experimental, empirical, quantifiable, 
                and reproducible data that is developed in accordance 
                with well-established scientific processes; and
                    (E) with respect to any proposed rule issued by the 
                agency, such agency follows procedures that include, to 
                the extent feasible and permitted by law, an 
                opportunity for public comment on all relevant 
                scientific findings;
            (2) the agency has procedures in place to make policy 
        decisions only on the basis of the best reasonably obtainable 
        scientific, technical, economic, and other evidence and 
        information concerning the need for, consequences of, and 
        alternatives to the decision; and
            (3) the agency has in place procedures to identify and 
        address instances in which the integrity of scientific 
        information considered by the agency may have been compromised, 
        including instances in which such information may have been the 
        product of a scientific process that was compromised.
    (c) Approval Needed for Policy Decisions To Take Effect.--No policy 
decision issued after January 1, 2014, by an agency subject to this 
section may take effect prior to such date that the agency has in 
effect guidelines under subsection (a) that have been approved by the 
Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
    (d) Policy Decisions Not in Compliance.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), a policy 
        decision of an agency that does not comply with guidelines 
        approved under subsection (c) shall be deemed to be arbitrary, 
        capricious, an abuse of discretion, and otherwise not in 
        accordance with law.
            (2) Exception.--This subsection shall not apply to policy 
        decisions that are deemed to be necessary because of an 
        imminent threat to health or safety or because of another 
        emergency.
    (e) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
            (1) Agency.--The term ``agency'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 551(1) of title 5, United States Code.
            (2) Policy decision.--The term ``policy decision'' means, 
        with respect to an agency, an agency action as defined in 
        section 551(13) of title 5, United States Code, (other than an 
        adjudication, as defined in section 551(7) of such title), and 
        includes--
                    (A) the listing, labeling, or other identification 
                of a substance, product, or activity as hazardous or 
                creating risk to human health, safety, or the 
                environment; and
                    (B) agency guidance.
            (3) Agency guidance.--The term ``agency guidance'' means an 
        agency statement of general applicability and future effect, 
        other than a regulatory action, that sets forth a policy on a 
        statutory, regulatory, or technical issue or on an 
        interpretation of a statutory or regulatory issue.
                                 <all>