[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 2642 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.2642

                     One Hundred Thirteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

           Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday,
           the third day of January, two thousand and fourteen


                                 An Act


 
  To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2018, and 
                           for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Agricultural Act 
of 2014''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary of Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                     Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

                             Part I--Repeals

Sec. 1101. Repeal of direct payments.
Sec. 1102. Repeal of counter-cyclical payments.
Sec. 1103. Repeal of average crop revenue election program.

                        Part II--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1111. Definitions.
Sec. 1112. Base acres.
Sec. 1113. Payment yields.
Sec. 1114. Payment acres.
Sec. 1115. Producer election.
Sec. 1116. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1117. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1118. Producer agreements.
Sec. 1119. Transition assistance for producers of upland cotton.

                       Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Availability of nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
          loan commodities.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Term of loans.
Sec. 1204. Repayment of loans.
Sec. 1205. Loan deficiency payments.
Sec. 1206. Payments in lieu of loan deficiency payments for grazed 
          acreage.
Sec. 1207. Special marketing loan provisions for upland cotton.
Sec. 1208. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1209. Availability of recourse loans for high moisture feed grains 
          and seed cotton.
Sec. 1210. Adjustments of loans.

                            Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

                            Subtitle D--Dairy

          Part I--Margin Protection Program for Dairy Producers

Sec. 1401. Definitions.
Sec. 1402. Calculation of average feed cost and actual dairy production 
          margins.
Sec. 1403. Establishment of margin protection program for dairy 
          producers.
Sec. 1404. Participation of dairy operations in margin protection 
          program.
Sec. 1405. Production history of participating dairy operations.
Sec. 1406. Margin protection payments.
Sec. 1407. Premiums for margin protection program.
Sec. 1408. Effect of failure to pay administrative fees or premiums.
Sec. 1409. Duration.
Sec. 1410. Administration and enforcement.

  Part II--Repeal or Reauthorization of Other Dairy-Related Provisions

Sec. 1421. Repeal of dairy product price support program.
Sec. 1422. Temporary continuation and eventual repeal of milk income 
          loss contract program.
Sec. 1423. Repeal of dairy export incentive program.
Sec. 1424. Extension of dairy forward pricing program.
Sec. 1425. Extension of dairy indemnity program.
Sec. 1426. Extension of dairy promotion and research program.
Sec. 1427. Repeal of Federal Milk Marketing Order Review Commission.

                Part III--Dairy Product Donation Program

Sec. 1431. Dairy product donation program.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

Sec. 1601. Administration generally.
Sec. 1602. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1603. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1604. Rulemaking related to significant contribution for active 
          personal management.
Sec. 1605. Adjusted gross income limitation.
Sec. 1606. Geographically disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 1607. Personal liability of producers for deficiencies.
Sec. 1608. Prevention of deceased individuals receiving payments under 
          farm commodity programs.
Sec. 1609. Technical corrections.
Sec. 1610. Appeals.
Sec. 1611. Assignment of payments.
Sec. 1612. Tracking of benefits.
Sec. 1613. Signature authority.
Sec. 1614. Implementation.
Sec. 1615. Research option.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2001. Extension and enrollment requirements of conservation reserve 
          program.
Sec. 2002. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2003. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2004. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2005. Payments.
Sec. 2006. Contract requirements.
Sec. 2007. Conversion of land subject to contract to other conserving 
          uses.
Sec. 2008. Effect on existing contracts.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

Sec. 2101. Conservation stewardship program.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Sec. 2201. Purposes.
Sec. 2202. Definitions.
Sec. 2203. Establishment and administration.
Sec. 2204. Evaluation of applications.
Sec. 2205. Duties of producers.
Sec. 2206. Limitation on payments.
Sec. 2207. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2208. Effect on existing contracts.

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2301. Agricultural conservation easement program.

          Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2401. Regional conservation partnership program.

                 Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2501. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2502. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2503. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2504. Agriculture conservation experienced services program.
Sec. 2505. Small watershed rehabilitation program.
Sec. 2506. Emergency watershed protection program.
Sec. 2507. Terminal Lakes.
Sec. 2508. Soil and Water Resources Conservation.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2601. Funding.
Sec. 2602. Technical assistance.
Sec. 2603. Regional equity.
Sec. 2604. Reservation of funds to provide assistance to certain farmers 
          or ranchers for conservation access.
Sec. 2605. Annual report on program enrollments and assistance.
Sec. 2606. Administrative requirements applicable to all conservation 
          programs.
Sec. 2607. Standards for State technical committees.
Sec. 2608. Rulemaking authority.
Sec. 2609. Wetlands mitigation.
Sec. 2610. Lesser prairie-chicken conservation report.
Sec. 2611. Highly erodible land and wetland conservation for crop 
          insurance.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

Sec. 2701. Comprehensive conservation enhancement program.
Sec. 2702. Emergency forestry conservation reserve program.
Sec. 2703. Wetlands reserve program.
Sec. 2704. Farmland protection program and farm viability program.
Sec. 2705. Grassland reserve program.
Sec. 2706. Agricultural water enhancement program.
Sec. 2707. Wildlife habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2708. Great Lakes basin program.
Sec. 2709. Chesapeake Bay watershed program.
Sec. 2710. Cooperative conservation partnership initiative.
Sec. 2711. Environmental easement program.
Sec. 2712. Temporary administration of conservation programs.
Sec. 2713. Technical amendments.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3001. General authority.
Sec. 3002. Set-aside for support for organizations through which 
          nonemergency assistance is provided.
Sec. 3003. Food aid quality.
Sec. 3004. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3005. Food Aid Consultative Group.
Sec. 3006. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3007. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
          delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3008. Impact on local farmers and economy and report on use of 
          funds.
Sec. 3009. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3010. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3011. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
          assistance.
Sec. 3012. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3013. Micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3014. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program.
Sec. 3015. Coordination of foreign assistance programs report.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3101. Export credit guarantee program.
Sec. 3102. Funding for market access program.
Sec. 3103. Foreign market development cooperator program.

                Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3201. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3202. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3203. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3204. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
          Nutrition Program.
Sec. 3205. Technical assistance for specialty crops.
Sec. 3206. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3207. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3208. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign 
          Agricultural Affairs.

                           TITLE IV--NUTRITION

          Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Preventing payment of cash to recipients of supplemental 
          nutrition assistance benefits for the return of empty bottles 
          and cans used to contain food purchased with benefits provided 
          under the program.
Sec. 4002. Retail food stores.
Sec. 4003. Enhancing services to elderly and disabled supplemental 
          nutrition assistance program participants.
Sec. 4004. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4005. Exclusion of medical marijuana from excess medical expense 
          deduction.
Sec. 4006. Standard utility allowances based on the receipt of energy 
          assistance payments.
Sec. 4007. Eligibility disqualifications.
Sec. 4008. Eligibility disqualifications for certain convicted felons.
Sec. 4009. Ending supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits for 
          lottery or gambling winners.
Sec. 4010. Improving security of food assistance.
Sec. 4011. Technology modernization for retail food stores.
Sec. 4012. Use of benefits for purchase of community-supported 
          agriculture share.
Sec. 4013. Improved wage verification using the National Directory of 
          New Hires.
Sec. 4014. Restaurant meals program.
Sec. 4015. Mandating State immigration verification.
Sec. 4016. Data exchange standardization for improved interoperability.
Sec. 4017. Pilot projects to improve Federal-State cooperation in 
          identifying and reducing fraud in the supplemental nutrition 
          assistance program.
Sec. 4018. Prohibiting government-sponsored recruitment activities.
Sec. 4019. Tolerance level for excluding small errors.
Sec. 4020. Quality control standards.
Sec. 4021. Performance bonus payments.
Sec. 4022. Pilot projects to reduce dependency and increase work 
          requirements and work effort under supplemental nutrition 
          assistance program.
Sec. 4023. Cooperation with program research and evaluation.
Sec. 4024. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4025. Review, report, and regulation of cash nutrition assistance 
          program benefits provided in Puerto Rico.
Sec. 4026. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4027. Emergency food assistance.
Sec. 4028. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4029. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4030. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 4031. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands pilot program.
Sec. 4032. Annual State report on verification of SNAP participation.
Sec. 4033. Service of traditional foods in public facilities.

               Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
          projects.
Sec. 4104. Processing of commodities.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
          schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4202. Pilot project for procurement of unprocessed fruits and 
          vegetables.
Sec. 4203. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4204. Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Sec. 4205. Multiagency task force.
Sec. 4206. Healthy Food Financing Initiative.
Sec. 4207. Purchase of Halal and Kosher food for emergency food 
          assistance program.
Sec. 4208. Food insecurity nutrition incentive.
Sec. 4209. Food and agriculture service learning program.
Sec. 4210. Nutrition information and awareness pilot program.
Sec. 4211. Termination of existing agreement.
Sec. 4212. Review of sole-source contracts in Federal nutrition 
          programs.
Sec. 4213. Pulse crop products.
Sec. 4214. Pilot project for canned, frozen, or dried fruits and 
          vegetables.

                             TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5001. Eligibility for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5002. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5003. Joint financing arrangements.
Sec. 5004. Elimination of mineral rights appraisal requirement.
Sec. 5005. Down payment loan program.

                       Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5101. Eligibility for farm operating loans.
Sec. 5102. Elimination of rural residency requirement for operating 
          loans to youth.
Sec. 5103. Defaults by youth loan borrowers.
Sec. 5104. Term limits on direct operating loans.
Sec. 5105. Valuation of local or regional crops.
Sec. 5106. Microloans.
Sec. 5107. Term limits on guaranteed operating loans.

                       Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

Sec. 5201. Eligibility for emergency loans.

                  Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
          pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Farmer loan pilot projects.
Sec. 5303. Definition of qualified beginning farmer or rancher.
Sec. 5304. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5305. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5306. Borrower training.

                        Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5402. Loans to purchasers of highly fractionated land.
Sec. 5403. Removal of duplicative appraisals.
Sec. 5404. Compensation disclosure by Farm Credit System institutions.

                       TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

Sec. 6001. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6002. Elimination of reservation of community facilities grant 
          program funds.
Sec. 6003. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6004. Use of loan guarantees for community facilities.
Sec. 6005. Tribal college and university essential community facilities.
Sec. 6006. Essential community facilities technical assistance and 
          training.
Sec. 6007. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
          program.
Sec. 6008. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6009. Household water well systems.
Sec. 6010. Rural business and industry loan program.
Sec. 6011. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6012. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6013. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6014. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6015. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6016. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6017. Intermediary relending program.
Sec. 6018. Rural college coordinated strategy.
Sec. 6019. Rural water and waste disposal infrastructure.
Sec. 6020. Simplified applications.
Sec. 6021. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6022. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6023. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6024. Health care services.
Sec. 6025. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6026. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6027. Northern Great Plains Regional Authority.
Sec. 6028. Rural business investment program.

              Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

Sec. 6101. Fees for certain loan guarantees.
Sec. 6102. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
          telephone purposes.
Sec. 6103. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6104. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
          areas.
Sec. 6105. Rural Gigabit Network Pilot Program.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6201. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6202. Agricultural transportation.
Sec. 6203. Value-added agricultural product market development grants.
Sec. 6204. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 6205. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6206. Study of rural transportation issues.
Sec. 6207. Regional economic and infrastructure development.
Sec. 6208. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
          1949.
Sec. 6209. Program metrics.
Sec. 6210. Funding of pending rural development loan and grant 
          applications.

           TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Option to be included as non-land-grant college of 
          agriculture.
Sec. 7102. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
          Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7103. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7104. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7105. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
          education.
Sec. 7106. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7107. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
          Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7108. Repeal of human nutrition intervention and health promotion 
          research program.
Sec. 7109. Repeal of pilot research program to combine medical and 
          agricultural research.
Sec. 7110. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7111. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7112. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
          at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7113. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food science facilities and 
          equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7114. Repeal of national research and training virtual centers.
Sec. 7115. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7116. Competitive Grants Program for Hispanic Agricultural Workers 
          and Youth.
Sec. 7117. Competitive grants for international agricultural science and 
          education programs.
Sec. 7118. Repeal of research equipment grants.
Sec. 7119. University research.
Sec. 7120. Extension service.
Sec. 7121. Auditing, reporting, bookkeeping, and administrative 
          requirements.
Sec. 7122. Supplemental and alternative crops.
Sec. 7123. Capacity building grants for NLGCA institutions.
Sec. 7124. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7125. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7126. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7127. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
          for insular area institutions of higher education.
Sec. 7128. Matching funds requirement.
Sec. 7129. Designation of Central State University as 1890 institution.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
          program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7206. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7207. Repeal of rural electronic commerce extension program.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural Genome Initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Repeal of nutrient management research and extension 
          initiative.
Sec. 7211. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7212. Repeal of agricultural bioenergy feedstock and energy 
          efficiency research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7213. Farm business management.
Sec. 7214. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 7215. Repeal of red meat safety research center.
Sec. 7216. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7217. National rural information center clearinghouse.

 Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                 of 1998

Sec. 7301. Relevance and merit of agricultural research, extension, and 
          education funded by the Department.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
          grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
          and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia 
          indica.
Sec. 7304. Repeal of Bovine Johne's disease control program.
Sec. 7305. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7306. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7307. [H7308] Food animal residue avoidance database program.
Sec. 7308. Repeal of national swine research center.
Sec. 7309. Office of pest management policy.
Sec. 7310. Forestry products advanced utilization research.
Sec. 7311. Repeal of studies of agricultural research, extension, and 
          education.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

Sec. 7401. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7402. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7403. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7404. Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act.
Sec. 7405. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7406. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7407. Repeal of use of remote sensing data.
Sec. 7408. Repeal of reports under Farm Security and Rural Investment 
          Act of 2002.
Sec. 7409. Beginning farmer and rancher development program.
Sec. 7410. National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
          Policy Act Amendments of 1985.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                      Part I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7501. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7502. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
          biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7503. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7504. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                    Part II--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7511. Enhanced use lease authority pilot program.
Sec. 7512. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7513. Budget submission and funding.
Sec. 7514. Repeal of seed distribution.
Sec. 7515. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7516. Sun grant program.
Sec. 7517. Repeal of study and report on food deserts.
Sec. 7518. Repeal of agricultural and rural transportation research and 
          education.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7601. Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research.
Sec. 7602. Concessions and agreements with nonprofit organizations for 
          National Arboretum.
Sec. 7603. Agricultural and food law research, legal tools, and 
          information.
Sec. 7604. Cotton Disease Research Report.
Sec. 7605. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 7606. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

             Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

Sec. 8001. Forest land enhancement program.
Sec. 8002. Watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8003. Expired cooperative national forest products marketing 
          program.
Sec. 8004. Hispanic-serving institution agricultural land national 
          resources leadership program.
Sec. 8005. Tribal watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8006. Separate Forest Service decisionmaking and appeals process.

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                              1978 Programs

Sec. 8101. State-wide assessment and strategies for forest resources.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-Related Laws

Sec. 8201. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8202. Office of International Forestry.
Sec. 8203. Healthy forests reserve program.
Sec. 8204. Insect and disease infestation.
Sec. 8205. Stewardship end result contracting projects.
Sec. 8206. Good neighbor authority.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 8301. Revision of strategic plan for forest inventory and analysis.
Sec. 8302. Forest service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8303. Extension of stewardship contracts authority regarding use of 
          designation by prescription to all thinning sales under 
          National Forest Management Act of 1976.
Sec. 8304. Reimbursement of fire funds.
Sec. 8305. Forest Service large airtanker and aerial asset firefighting 
          recapitalization pilot program.
Sec. 8306. Land conveyance, Jefferson National Forest in Wise County, 
          Virginia.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definitions.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Repeal of forest biomass for energy.
Sec. 9012. Community wood energy program.
Sec. 9013. Repeal of biofuels infrastructure study.
Sec. 9014. Repeal of renewable fertilizer study.
Sec. 9015. Energy efficiency report for USDA facilities.

                          TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10001. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10002. Repeal of grant program to improve movement of specialty 
          crops.
Sec. 10003. Farmers' market and local food promotion program.
Sec. 10004. Organic agriculture.
Sec. 10005. Investigations and enforcement of the Organic Foods 
          Production Act of 1990.
Sec. 10006. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10007. Consolidation of plant pest and disease management and 
          disaster prevention programs.
Sec. 10008. Importation of seed.
Sec. 10009. Bulk shipments of apples to Canada.
Sec. 10010. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10011. Department of Agriculture consultation regarding enforcement 
          of certain labor law provisions.
Sec. 10012. Report on honey.
Sec. 10013. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 10014. Stay of regulations.
Sec. 10015. Regulation of sulfuryl fluoride.
Sec. 10016. Local food production and program evaluation.
Sec. 10017. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11001. Information sharing.
Sec. 11002. Publication of information on violations of prohibition on 
          premium adjustments.
Sec. 11003. Supplemental coverage option.
Sec. 11004. Crop margin coverage option.
Sec. 11005. Premium amounts for catastrophic risk protection.
Sec. 11006. Permanent enterprise unit subsidy.
Sec. 11007. Enterprise units for irrigated and nonirrigated crops.
Sec. 11008. Data collection.
Sec. 11009. Adjustment in actual production history to establish 
          insurable yields.
Sec. 11010. Submission of policies and Board review and approval.
Sec. 11011. Consultation.
Sec. 11012. Budget limitations on renegotiation of the standard 
          reinsurance agreement.
Sec. 11013. Test weight for corn.
Sec. 11014. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11015. Coverage levels by practice.
Sec. 11016. Beginning farmer and rancher provisions.
Sec. 11017. Stacked income protection plan for producers of upland 
          cotton.
Sec. 11018. Peanut revenue crop insurance.
Sec. 11019. Authority to correct errors.
Sec. 11020. Implementation.
Sec. 11021. Crop insurance fraud.
Sec. 11022. Research and development priorities.
Sec. 11023. Crop insurance for organic crops.
Sec. 11024. Program compliance partnerships.
Sec. 11025. Pilot programs.
Sec. 11026. Index-based weather insurance pilot program.
Sec. 11027. Enhancing producer self-help through farm financial 
          benchmarking.
Sec. 11028. Technical amendments.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                          Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Trichinae certification program.
Sec. 12102. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12103. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12104. Country of origin labeling.
Sec. 12105. National animal health laboratory network.
Sec. 12106. Food safety inspection.
Sec. 12107. National Poultry Improvement Plan.
Sec. 12108. Sense of Congress regarding feral swine eradication.

   Subtitle B--Socially Disadvantaged Producers and Limited Resource 
                                Producers

Sec. 12201. Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers 
          and ranchers and veteran farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 12202. Office of Advocacy and Outreach.
Sec. 12203. Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers Policy Research 
          Center.
Sec. 12204. Receipt for service or denial of service from certain 
          department of agriculture agencies.

               Subtitle C--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 12301. Grants to improve supply, stability, safety, and training of 
          agricultural labor force.
Sec. 12302. Program benefit eligibility status for participants in high 
          plains water study.
Sec. 12303. Office of Tribal Relations.
Sec. 12304. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12305. Noninsured crop assistance program.
Sec. 12306. Acer access and development program.
Sec. 12307. Science Advisory Board.
Sec. 12308. Amendments to Animal Welfare Act.
Sec. 12309. Produce represented as grown in the United States when it is 
          not in fact grown in the United States.
Sec. 12310. Report on water sharing.
Sec. 12311. Scientific and economic analysis of the FDA Food Safety 
          Modernization Act.
Sec. 12312. Payment in lieu of taxes.
Sec. 12313. Silvicultural activities.
Sec. 12314. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12315. Agriculture Wool Apparel Manufacturers Trust Fund.
Sec. 12316. Wool research and promotion.

    Subtitle D--Oilheat Efficiency, Renewable Fuel Research and Jobs 
                                Training

Sec. 12401. Short title.
Sec. 12402. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 12403. Definitions.
Sec. 12404. Membership.
Sec. 12405. Functions.
Sec. 12406. Assessments.
Sec. 12407. Market survey and consumer protection.
Sec. 12408. Lobbying restrictions.
Sec. 12409. Noncompliance.
Sec. 12410. Sunset.
SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE.
    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES
                    Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

                            PART I--REPEALS

SEC. 1101. REPEAL OF DIRECT PAYMENTS.
    Sections 1103 and 1303 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713, 8753) are repealed.
SEC. 1102. REPEAL OF COUNTER-CYCLICAL PAYMENTS.
    (a) Repeal.--Sections 1104 and 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754) are repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Sections 1104 and 
1304 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 
8754), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this 
Act, shall continue to apply through the 2013 crop year with respect to 
all covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 
U.S.C. 8702)) and peanuts on a farm.
SEC. 1103. REPEAL OF AVERAGE CROP REVENUE ELECTION PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 1105 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8715) is repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Section 1105 of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8715), as in 
effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act, shall 
continue to apply through the 2013 crop year with respect to all 
covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
8702)) and peanuts on a farm for which the irrevocable election under 
section 1105 of that Act was made before the date of enactment of this 
Act.

                       PART II--COMMODITY POLICY

SEC. 1111. DEFINITIONS.
    In this subtitle and subtitle B:
        (1) Actual crop revenue.--The term ``actual crop revenue'', 
    with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
    amount determined by the Secretary under section 1117(b).
        (2) Agriculture risk coverage.--The term ``agriculture risk 
    coverage'' means coverage provided under section 1117.
        (3) Agriculture risk coverage guarantee.--The term 
    ``agriculture risk coverage guarantee'', with respect to a covered 
    commodity for a crop year, means the amount determined by the 
    Secretary under section 1117(c).
        (4) Base acres.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``base acres'', with respect to a 
        covered commodity on a farm, means the number of acres in 
        effect under sections 1001 and 1301 of the Food, Conservation, 
        and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702, 8751), as adjusted 
        pursuant to sections 1101, 1108, and 1302 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
        8711, 8718, 8752), as in effect on September 30, 2013, subject 
        to any reallocation, adjustment, or reduction under section 
        1112 of this Act.
            (B) Inclusion of generic base acres.--The term ``base 
        acres'' includes any generic base acres planted to a covered 
        commodity as determined in section 1114(b).
        (5) County coverage.--The term ``county coverage'' means 
    agriculture risk coverage selected under section 1115(b)(1) to be 
    obtained at the county level.
        (6) Covered commodity.--The term ``covered commodity'' means 
    wheat, oats, and barley (including wheat, oats, and barley used for 
    haying and grazing), corn, grain sorghum, long grain rice, medium 
    grain rice, pulse crops, soybeans, other oilseeds, and peanuts.
        (7) Effective price.--The term ``effective price'', with 
    respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price 
    calculated by the Secretary under section 1116(b) to determine 
    whether price loss coverage payments are required to be provided 
    for that crop year.
        (8) Extra long staple cotton.--The term ``extra long staple 
    cotton'' means cotton that--
            (A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the 
        Barbadense species or any hybrid of the species, or other 
        similar types of extra long staple cotton, designated by the 
        Secretary, having characteristics needed for various end uses 
        for which United States upland cotton is not suitable and grown 
        in irrigated cotton-growing regions of the United States 
        designated by the Secretary or other areas designated by the 
        Secretary as suitable for the production of the varieties or 
        types; and
            (B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized by the 
        Secretary, ginned on another type gin for experimental 
        purposes.
        (9) Generic base acres.--The term ``generic base acres'' means 
    the number of base acres for cotton in effect under section 1001 of 
    the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702), as 
    adjusted pursuant to section 1101 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 8711), as 
    in effect on September 30, 2013, subject to any adjustment or 
    reduction under section 1112 of this Act.
        (10) Individual coverage.--The term ``individual coverage'' 
    means agriculture risk coverage selected under section 1115(b)(2) 
    to be obtained at the farm level.
        (11) Medium grain rice.--The term ``medium grain rice'' 
    includes short grain rice and temperate japonica rice.
        (12) Other oilseed.--The term ``other oilseed'' means a crop of 
    sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, mustard 
    seed, crambe, sesame seed, or any oilseed designated by the 
    Secretary.
        (13) Payment acres.--The term ``payment acres'', with respect 
    to the provision of price loss coverage payments and agriculture 
    risk coverage payments, means the number of acres determined for a 
    farm under section 1114.
        (14) Payment yield.--The term ``payment yield'', for a farm for 
    a covered commodity--
            (A) means the yield used to make payments pursuant to 
        section 1104 or 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754), as in effect on September 30, 
        2013; or
            (B) means the yield established under section 1113 of this 
        Act.
        (15) Price loss coverage.--The term ``price loss coverage'' 
    means coverage provided under section 1116.
        (16) Producer.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``producer'' means an owner, 
        operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that shares in the 
        risk of producing a crop and is entitled to share in the crop 
        available for marketing from the farm, or would have shared had 
        the crop been produced.
            (B) Hybrid seed.--In determining whether a grower of hybrid 
        seed is a producer, the Secretary shall--
                (i) not take into consideration the existence of a 
            hybrid seed contract; and
                (ii) ensure that program requirements do not adversely 
            affect the ability of the grower to receive a payment under 
            this title.
        (17) Pulse crop.--The term ``pulse crop'' means dry peas, 
    lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
        (18) Reference price.--The term ``reference price'', with 
    respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
    following:
            (A) For wheat, $5.50 per bushel.
            (B) For corn, $3.70 per bushel.
            (C) For grain sorghum, $3.95 per bushel.
            (D) For barley, $4.95 per bushel.
            (E) For oats, $2.40 per bushel.
            (F) For long grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
            (G) For medium grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
            (H) For soybeans, $8.40 per bushel.
            (I) For other oilseeds, $20.15 per hundredweight.
            (J) For peanuts, $535.00 per ton.
            (K) For dry peas, $11.00 per hundredweight.
            (L) For lentils, $19.97 per hundredweight.
            (M) For small chickpeas, $19.04 per hundredweight.
            (N) For large chickpeas, $21.54 per hundredweight.
        (19) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
    Agriculture.
        (20) State.--The term ``State'' means--
            (A) a State;
            (B) the District of Columbia;
            (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
            (D) any other territory or possession of the United States.
        (21) Temperate japonica rice.--The term ``temperate japonica 
    rice'' means rice that is grown in high altitudes or temperate 
    regions of high latitudes with cooler climate conditions, in the 
    Western United States, as determined by the Secretary, for the 
    purpose of--
            (A) the reallocation of base acres under section 1112;
            (B) the establishment of a reference price (as required 
        under section 1116(g)) and an effective price pursuant to 
        section 1116; and
            (C) the determination of the actual crop revenue and 
        agriculture risk coverage guarantee pursuant to section 1117.
        (22) Transitional yield.--The term ``transitional yield'' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 502(b) of the Federal Crop 
    Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(b)).
        (23) United states.--The term ``United States'', when used in a 
    geographical sense, means all of the States.
        (24) United states premium factor.--The term ``United States 
    Premium Factor'' means the percentage by which the difference in 
    the United States loan schedule premiums for Strict Middling (SM) 
    1\1/8\-inch upland cotton and for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch upland 
    cotton exceeds the difference in the applicable premiums for 
    comparable international qualities.
SEC. 1112. BASE ACRES.
    (a) Retention or 1-time Reallocation of Base Acres.--
        (1) Election required.--
            (A) Notice of election opportunity.--As soon as practicable 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        provide notice to the owners of a farm regarding their 
        opportunity to make an election, in the manner provided in this 
        subsection--
                (i) to retain base acres, including any generic base 
            acres, as provided in paragraph (2); or
                (ii) in lieu of retaining base acres, to reallocate 
            base acres, other than any generic base acres, as provided 
            in paragraph (3).
            (B) Content of notice.--The notice under subparagraph (A) 
        shall include the following:
                (i) Information that the opportunity of an owner to 
            make the election is being provided only once.
                (ii) Information regarding the manner in which the 
            owner must make the election and the manner of notifying 
            the Secretary of the election.
                (iii) Information regarding the deadline before which 
            the owner must notify the Secretary of the election to be 
            in effect beginning with the 2014 crop year.
            (C) Effect of failure to make election.--If the owner of a 
        farm fails to make the election under this subsection, or fails 
        to timely notify the Secretary of the election as required by 
        subparagraph (B)(iii), the owner shall be deemed to have 
        elected to retain base acres, including generic base acres, as 
        provided in paragraph (2).
        (2) Retention of base acres.--
            (A) Election to retain.--For the purpose of applying this 
        part to a covered commodity, the Secretary shall give an owner 
        of a farm an opportunity to elect to retain all of the base 
        acres for each covered commodity on the farm.
            (B) Treatment of generic base acres.--Generic base acres 
        are automatically retained.
        (3) Reallocation of base acres.--
            (A) Election to reallocate.--For the purpose of applying 
        this part to covered commodities, the Secretary shall give an 
        owner of a farm an opportunity to elect to reallocate all of 
        the base acres for covered commodities on the farm, as in 
        effect on September 30, 2013, among those covered commodities 
        planted on the farm at any time during the 2009 through 2012 
        crop years.
            (B) Reallocation formula.--The reallocation of base acres 
        among covered commodities on a farm shall be in proportion to 
        the ratio of--
                (i) the 4-year average of--

                    (I) the acreage planted on the farm to each covered 
                commodity for harvest, grazing, haying, silage, or 
                other similar purposes for the 2009 through 2012 crop 
                years; and
                    (II) any acreage on the farm that the producers 
                were prevented from planting during the 2009 through 
                2012 crop years to that covered commodity because of 
                drought, flood, or other natural disaster, or other 
                condition beyond the control of the producers, as 
                determined by the Secretary; to

                (ii) the 4-year average of--

                    (I) the acreage planted on the farm to all covered 
                commodities for harvest, grazing, haying, silage, or 
                other similar purposes for such crop years; and
                    (II) any acreage on the farm that the producers 
                were prevented from planting during such crop years to 
                covered commodities because of drought, flood, or other 
                natural disaster, or other condition beyond the control 
                of the producers, as determined by the Secretary.

            (C) Treatment of generic base acres.--Generic base acres 
        are retained and may not be reallocated under this paragraph.
            (D) Inclusion of all 4 years in average.--For the purpose 
        of determining a 4-year acreage average under subparagraph (B) 
        for a farm, the Secretary shall not exclude any crop year in 
        which a covered commodity was not planted.
            (E) Treatment of multiple planting or prevented planting.--
        For the purpose of determining under subparagraph (B) the 
        acreage on a farm that producers planted or were prevented from 
        planting during the 2009 through 2012 crop years to covered 
        commodities, if the acreage that was planted or prevented from 
        being planted was devoted to another covered commodity in the 
        same crop year (other than a covered commodity produced under 
        an established practice of double cropping), the owner may 
        elect the commodity to be used for that crop year in 
        determining the 4-year average, but may not include both the 
        initial commodity and the subsequent commodity.
            (F) Limitation.--The reallocation of base acres among 
        covered commodities on a farm under this paragraph may not 
        result in a total number of base acres (including generic base 
        acres) for the farm in excess of the number of base acres in 
        effect for the farm on September 30, 2013.
        (4) Application of election to all covered commodities.--The 
    election made under this subsection, or deemed to be made under 
    paragraph (1)(C), with respect to a farm shall apply to all of the 
    covered commodities on the farm.
    (b) Adjustment of Base Acres.--
        (1) In general.--Notwithstanding the election made under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide for an adjustment, as 
    appropriate, in the base acres for covered commodities for a farm 
    and any generic base acres for the farm whenever any of the 
    following circumstances occur:
            (A) A conservation reserve contract entered into under 
        section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) 
        with respect to the farm expires or is voluntarily terminated.
            (B) Cropland is released from coverage under a conservation 
        reserve contract by the Secretary.
            (C) The producer has eligible oilseed acreage as the result 
        of the Secretary designating additional oilseeds, which shall 
        be determined in the same manner as eligible oilseed acreage 
        under section 1101(a)(1)(D) of the Food, Conservation, and 
        Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8711(a)(1)(D)).
        (2) Special conservation reserve acreage payment rules.--For 
    the crop year in which a base acres adjustment under subparagraph 
    (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) is first made, the owner of the farm 
    shall elect to receive price loss coverage or agriculture risk 
    coverage with respect to the acreage added to the farm under this 
    subsection or a prorated payment under the conservation reserve 
    contract, but not both.
    (c) Prevention of Excess Base Acres.--
        (1) Required reduction.--Notwithstanding the election made 
    under subsection (a), if the sum of the base acres for a farm, 
    including generic base acres, and the acreage described in 
    paragraph (2) exceeds the actual cropland acreage of the farm, the 
    Secretary shall reduce the base acres for 1 or more covered 
    commodities or generic base acres for the farm so that the sum of 
    the base acres, including generic base acres, and the acreage 
    described in paragraph (2) does not exceed the actual cropland 
    acreage of the farm.
        (2) Other acreage.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary shall include the following:
            (A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in the conservation 
        reserve program or wetlands reserve program (or successor 
        programs) under chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3830 et seq.).
            (B) Any other acreage on the farm enrolled in a Federal 
        conservation program for which payments are made in exchange 
        for not producing an agricultural commodity on the acreage.
            (C) If the Secretary designates additional oilseeds, any 
        eligible oilseed acreage, which shall be determined in the same 
        manner as eligible oilseed acreage under subsection (b)(1)(C).
        (3) Selection of acres.--The Secretary shall give the owner of 
    the farm the opportunity to select the base acres for a covered 
    commodity or generic base acres for the farm against which the 
    reduction required by paragraph (1) will be made.
        (4) Exception for double-cropped acreage.--In applying 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make an exception in the case of 
    double cropping, as determined by the Secretary.
    (d) Reduction in Base Acres.--
        (1) Reduction at option of owner.--
            (A) In general.--The owner of a farm may reduce, at any 
        time, the base acres for any covered commodity or generic base 
        acres for the farm.
            (B) Effect of reduction.--A reduction under subparagraph 
        (A) shall be permanent and made in a manner prescribed by the 
        Secretary.
        (2) Required action by secretary.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall proportionately reduce 
        base acres, including any generic base acres, on a farm for 
        land that has been subdivided and developed for multiple 
        residential units or other nonfarming uses if the size of the 
        tracts and the density of the subdivision is such that the land 
        is unlikely to return to the previous agricultural use, unless 
        the producers on the farm demonstrate that the land--
                (i) remains devoted to commercial agricultural 
            production; or
                (ii) is likely to be returned to the previous 
            agricultural use.
            (B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall establish procedures 
        to identify land described in subparagraph (A).
SEC. 1113. PAYMENT YIELDS.
    (a) Establishment and Purpose.--For the purpose of making price 
loss coverage payments under section 1116, the Secretary shall provide 
for the establishment of a yield for each farm for any designated 
oilseed for which a payment yield was not established under section 
1102 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8712) 
in accordance with this section.
    (b) Payment Yields for Designated Oilseeds.--
        (1) Determination of average yield.--In the case of designated 
    oilseeds, the Secretary shall determine the average yield per 
    planted acre for the designated oilseed on a farm for the 1998 
    through 2001 crop years, excluding any crop year in which the 
    acreage planted to the designated oilseed was zero.
        (2) Adjustment for payment yield.--
            (A) In general.--The payment yield for a farm for a 
        designated oilseed shall be equal to the product of the 
        following:
                (i) The average yield for the designated oilseed 
            determined under paragraph (1).
                (ii) The ratio resulting from dividing the national 
            average yield for the designated oilseed for the 1981 
            through 1985 crops by the national average yield for the 
            designated oilseed for the 1998 through 2001 crops.
            (B) No national average yield information available.--To 
        the extent that national average yield information for a 
        designated oilseed is not available, the Secretary shall use 
        such information as the Secretary determines to be fair and 
        equitable to establish a national average yield under this 
        section.
        (3) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per planted acre 
    for a crop of a designated oilseed for a farm for any of the 1998 
    through 2001 crop years was less than 75 percent of the county 
    yield for that designated oilseed, the Secretary shall assign a 
    yield for that crop year equal to 75 percent of the county yield 
    for the purpose of determining the average under paragraph (1).
    (c) Effect of Lack of Payment Yield.--
        (1) Establishment by secretary.--In the case of a covered 
    commodity on a farm for which base acres have been established or 
    that is planted on generic base acres, if no payment yield is 
    otherwise established for the covered commodity on the farm, the 
    Secretary shall establish an appropriate payment yield for the 
    covered commodity on the farm under paragraph (2).
        (2) Use of similarly situated farms.--To establish an 
    appropriate payment yield for a covered commodity on a farm as 
    required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into 
    consideration the farm program payment yields applicable to that 
    covered commodity for similarly situated farms. The use of such 
    data in an appeal, by the Secretary or by the producer, shall not 
    be subject to any other provision of law.
    (d) Single Opportunity To Update Yields Used To Determine Price 
Loss Coverage Payments.--
        (1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion of the owner of 
    a farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 1-time opportunity to 
    update, on a covered commodity-by-covered-commodity basis, the 
    payment yield that would otherwise be used in calculating any price 
    loss coverage payment for each covered commodity on the farm for 
    which the election is made.
        (2) Time for election.--The election under paragraph (1) shall 
    be made at a time and manner to be in effect beginning with the 
    2014 crop year as determined by the Secretary.
        (3) Method of updating yields.--If the owner of a farm elects 
    to update yields under this subsection, the payment yield for a 
    covered commodity on the farm, for the purpose of calculating price 
    loss coverage payments only, shall be equal to 90 percent of the 
    average of the yield per planted acre for the crop of the covered 
    commodity on the farm for the 2008 through 2012 crop years, as 
    determined by the Secretary, excluding any crop year in which the 
    acreage planted to the crop of the covered commodity was zero.
        (4) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per planted acre 
    for a crop of the covered commodity for a farm for any of the 2008 
    through 2012 crop years was less than 75 percent of the average of 
    the 2008 through 2012 county yield for that commodity, the 
    Secretary shall assign a yield for that crop year equal to 75 
    percent of the average of the 2008 through 2012 county yield for 
    the purposes of determining the average yield under paragraph (3).
SEC. 1114. PAYMENT ACRES.
    (a) Determination of Payment Acres.--
        (1) General rule.--For the purpose of price loss coverage and 
    agriculture risk coverage when county coverage has been selected 
    under section 1115(b)(1), but subject to subsection (e), the 
    payment acres for each covered commodity on a farm shall be equal 
    to 85 percent of the base acres for the covered commodity on the 
    farm.
        (2) Effect of individual coverage.--In the case of agriculture 
    risk coverage when individual coverage has been selected under 
    section 1115(b)(2), but subject to subsection (e), the payment 
    acres for a farm shall be equal to 65 percent of the base acres for 
    all of the covered commodities on the farm.
    (b) Treatment of Generic Base Acres.--
        (1) In general.--In the case of generic base acres, price loss 
    coverage payments and agriculture risk coverage payments are made 
    only with respect to generic base acres planted to a covered 
    commodity for the crop year.
        (2) Attribution.--With respect to a farm containing generic 
    base acres, for the purpose of applying paragraphs (1)(B) and 
    (2)(B) of subsection (a), generic base acres on the farm are 
    attributed to a covered commodity in the following manner:
            (A) If a single covered commodity is planted and the total 
        acreage planted exceeds the generic base acres on the farm, the 
        generic base acres are attributed to that covered commodity in 
        an amount equal to the total number of generic base acres.
            (B) If multiple covered commodities are planted and the 
        total number of acres planted to all covered commodities on the 
        farm exceeds the generic base acres on the farm, the generic 
        base acres are attributed to each of the covered commodities on 
        the farm on a pro rata basis to reflect the ratio of--
                (i) the acreage planted to a covered commodity on the 
            farm; to
                (ii) the total acreage planted to all covered 
            commodities on the farm.
            (C) If the total number of acres planted to all covered 
        commodities on the farm does not exceed the generic base acres 
        on the farm, the number of acres planted to a covered commodity 
        is attributed to that covered commodity.
        (3) Treated as additional acreage.--When generic base acres are 
    planted to a covered commodity or acreage planted to a covered 
    commodity is attributed to generic base acres, the generic base 
    acres are in addition to other base acres on the farm.
    (c) Exclusion.--The quantity of payment acres determined under 
subsection (a) may not include any crop subsequently planted during the 
same crop year on the same land for which the first crop is eligible 
for price loss coverage payments or agriculture risk coverage payments, 
unless the crop was approved for double cropping in the county, as 
determined by the Secretary.
    (d) Effect of Minimal Payment Acres.--
        (1) Prohibition on payments.--Notwithstanding any other 
    provision of this title, a producer on a farm may not receive price 
    loss coverage payments or agriculture risk coverage payments if the 
    sum of the base acres on the farm is 10 acres or less, as 
    determined by the Secretary.
        (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to a producer 
    that is--
            (A) a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as defined 
        in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e))); or
            (B) a limited resource farmer or rancher, as defined by the 
        Secretary.
    (e) Effect of Planting Fruits and Vegetables.--
        (1) Reduction required.--In the manner provided in this 
    subsection, payment acres on a farm shall be reduced in any crop 
    year in which fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans and pulse 
    crops), or wild rice have been planted on base acres on a farm.
        (2) Price loss coverage and county coverage.--In the case of 
    price loss coverage payments and agricultural risk coverage 
    payments using county coverage, the reduction under paragraph (1) 
    shall be the amount equal to the base acres planted to crops 
    referred to in such paragraph in excess of 15 percent of base 
    acres.
        (3) Individual coverage.--In the case of agricultural risk 
    coverage payments using individual coverage, the reduction under 
    paragraph (1) shall be the amount equal to the base acres planted 
    to crops referred to in such paragraph in excess of 35 percent of 
    base acres.
        (4) Reduction exceptions.--No reduction to payment acres shall 
    be made under this subsection if--
            (A) cover crops or crops referred to in paragraph (1) are 
        grown solely for conservation purposes and not harvested for 
        use or sale, as determined by the Secretary; or
            (B) in any region in which there is a history of double-
        cropping covered commodities with crops referred to in 
        paragraph (1) and such crops were so double-cropped on the base 
        acres, as determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 1115. PRODUCER ELECTION.
    (a) Election Required.--For the 2014 through 2018 crop years, all 
of the producers on a farm shall make a 1-time, irrevocable election to 
obtain--
        (1) price loss coverage under section 1116 on a covered 
    commodity-by-covered-commodity basis; or
        (2) agriculture risk coverage under section 1117.
    (b) Coverage Options.--In the election under subsection (a), the 
producers on a farm that elect under paragraph (2) of such subsection 
to obtain agriculture risk coverage under section 1117 shall 
unanimously select whether to receive agriculture risk coverage 
payments based on--
        (1) county coverage applicable on a covered commodity-by-
    covered-commodity basis; or
        (2) individual coverage applicable to all of the covered 
    commodities on the farm.
    (c) Effect of Failure to Make Unanimous Election.--If all the 
producers on a farm fail to make a unanimous election under subsection 
(a) for the 2014 crop year--
        (1) the Secretary shall not make any payments with respect to 
    the farm for the 2014 crop year under section 1116 or 1117; and
        (2) the producers on the farm shall be deemed to have elected 
    price loss coverage under section 1116 for all covered commodities 
    on the farm for the 2015 through 2018 crop years.
    (d) Effect of Selection of County Coverage.--If all the producers 
on a farm select county coverage for a covered commodity under 
subsection (b)(1), the Secretary may not make price loss coverage 
payments under section 1116 to the producers on the farm with respect 
to that covered commodity.
    (e) Effect of Selection of Individual Coverage.--If all the 
producers on a farm select individual coverage under subsection (b)(2), 
in addition to the selection and election under this section applying 
to each producer on the farm, the Secretary shall consider, for 
purposes of making the calculations required by subsections (b)(2) and 
(c)(3) of section 1117, the producer's share of all farms in the same 
State--
        (1) in which the producer has an interest; and
        (2) for which individual coverage has been selected.
    (f) Prohibition on Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
producers on a farm do not reconstitute the farm to void or change an 
election or selection made under this section.
SEC. 1116. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.
    (a) Price Loss Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers on a 
farm make the election under subsection (a) of section 1115 to obtain 
price loss coverage or, subject to subsection (c)(1) of such section, 
are deemed to have made such election under subsection (c)(2) of such 
section, the Secretary shall make price loss coverage payments to 
producers on the farm on a covered commodity-by-covered-commodity basis 
if the Secretary determines that, for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years--
        (1) the effective price for the covered commodity for the crop 
    year; is less than
        (2) the reference price for the covered commodity for the crop 
    year.
    (b) Effective Price.--The effective price for a covered commodity 
for a crop year shall be the higher of--
        (1) the national average market price received by producers 
    during the 12-month marketing year for the covered commodity, as 
    determined by the Secretary; or
        (2) the national average loan rate for a marketing assistance 
    loan for the covered commodity in effect for such crop year under 
    subtitle B.
    (c) Payment Rate.--The payment rate shall be equal to the 
difference between--
        (1) the reference price for the covered commodity; and
        (2) the effective price determined under subsection (b) for the 
    covered commodity.
    (d) Payment Amount.--If price loss coverage payments are required 
to be provided under this section for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years for a covered commodity, the amount of the price loss coverage 
payment to be paid to the producers on a farm for the crop year shall 
be equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
        (1) the payment rate for the covered commodity under subsection 
    (c);
        (2) the payment yield for the covered commodity; and
        (3) the payment acres for the covered commodity.
    (e) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines under this 
section that price loss coverage payments are required to be provided 
for the covered commodity, the payments shall be made beginning October 
1, or as soon as practicable thereafter, after the end of the 
applicable marketing year for the covered commodity.
    (f) Effective Price for Barley.--In determining the effective price 
for barley under subsection (b), the Secretary shall use the all-barley 
price.
    (g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--The Secretary 
shall provide a reference price with respect to temperate japonica rice 
in an amount equal to 115 percent of the amount established in 
subparagraphs (F) and (G) of section 1111(18) in order to reflect price 
premiums.
SEC. 1117. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.
    (a) Agriculture Risk Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers on 
a farm make the election under section 1115(a) to obtain agriculture 
risk coverage, the Secretary shall make agriculture risk coverage 
payments to producers on the farm if the Secretary determines that, for 
any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years--
        (1) the actual crop revenue determined under subsection (b) for 
    the crop year; is less than
        (2) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee determined under 
    subsection (c) for the crop year.
    (b) Actual Crop Revenue.--
        (1) County coverage.--In the case of county coverage, the 
    amount of the actual crop revenue for a county for a crop year of a 
    covered commodity shall be equal to the product obtained by 
    multiplying--
            (A) the actual average county yield per planted acre for 
        the covered commodity, as determined by the Secretary; and
            (B) the higher of--
                (i) the national average market price received by 
            producers during the 12-month marketing year for the 
            covered commodity, as determined by the Secretary; or
                (ii) the national average loan rate for a marketing 
            assistance loan for the covered commodity in effect for 
            such crop year under subtitle B.
        (2) Individual coverage.--In the case of individual coverage, 
    the amount of the actual crop revenue for a producer on a farm for 
    a crop year shall be based on the producer's share of all covered 
    commodities planted on all farms for which individual coverage has 
    been selected and in which the producer has an interest, to be 
    determined by the Secretary as follows:
            (A) For each covered commodity, the product obtained by 
        multiplying--
                (i) the total production of the covered commodity on 
            such farms, as determined by the Secretary; and
                (ii) the higher of--

                    (I) the national average market price received by 
                producers during the 12-month marketing year, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or
                    (II) the national average loan rate for a marketing 
                assistance loan for the covered commodity in effect for 
                such crop year under subtitle B.

            (B) The sum of the amounts determined under subparagraph 
        (A) for all covered commodities on such farms.
            (C) The quotient obtained by dividing the amount determined 
        under subparagraph (B) by the total planted acres of all 
        covered commodities on such farms.
    (c) Agriculture Risk Coverage Guarantee.--
        (1) In general.--The agriculture risk coverage guarantee for a 
    crop year for a covered commodity shall equal 86 percent of the 
    benchmark revenue.
        (2) Benchmark revenue for county coverage.--In the case of 
    county coverage, the benchmark revenue shall be the product 
    obtained by multiplying--
            (A) subject to paragraph (4), the average historical county 
        yield as determined by the Secretary for the most recent 5 crop 
        years, excluding each of the crop years with the highest and 
        lowest yields; and
            (B) subject to paragraph (5), the national average market 
        price received by producers during the 12-month marketing year 
        for the most recent 5 crop years, excluding each of the crop 
        years with the highest and lowest prices.
        (3) Benchmark revenue for individual coverage.--In the case of 
    individual coverage, the benchmark revenue for a producer on a farm 
    for a crop year shall be based on the producer's share of all 
    covered commodities planted on all farms for which individual 
    coverage has been selected and in which the producer has an 
    interest, to be determined by the Secretary as follows:
            (A) For each covered commodity for each of the most recent 
        5 crop years, the product obtained by multiplying--
                (i) subject to paragraph (4), the yield per planted 
            acre for the covered commodity on such farms, as determined 
            by the Secretary; by
                (ii) subject to paragraph (5), the national average 
            market price received by producers during the 12-month 
            marketing year.
            (B) For each covered commodity, the average of the revenues 
        determined under subparagraph (A) for the most recent 5 crop 
        years, excluding each of the crop years with the highest and 
        lowest revenues.
            (C) For each of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the sum 
        of the amounts determined under subparagraph (B) for all 
        covered commodities on such farms, but adjusted to reflect the 
        ratio between the total number of acres planted on such farms 
        to a covered commodity and the total acres of all covered 
        commodities planted on such farms.
        (4) Yield conditions.--If the yield per planted acre for the 
    covered commodity or historical county yield per planted acre for 
    the covered commodity for any of the 5 most recent crop years, as 
    determined by the Secretary, is less than 70 percent of the 
    transitional yield, as determined by the Secretary, the amounts 
    used for any of those years in paragraph (2)(A) or (3)(A)(i) shall 
    be 70 percent of the transitional yield.
        (5) Reference price.--If the national average market price 
    received by producers during the 12-month marketing year for any of 
    the 5 most recent crop years is lower than the reference price for 
    the covered commodity, the Secretary shall use the reference price 
    for any of those years for the amounts in paragraph (2)(B) or 
    (3)(A)(ii).
    (d) Payment Rate.--The payment rate for a covered commodity, in the 
case of county coverage, or a farm, in the case of individual coverage, 
shall be equal to the lesser of--
        (1) the amount that--
            (A) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee for the crop 
        year applicable under subsection (c); exceeds
            (B) the actual crop revenue for the crop year applicable 
        under subsection (b); or
        (2) 10 percent of the benchmark revenue for the crop year 
    applicable under subsection (c).
    (e) Payment Amount.--If agriculture risk coverage payments are 
required to be paid for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the 
amount of the agriculture risk coverage payment for the crop year shall 
be determined by multiplying--
        (1) the payment rate determined under subsection (d); and
        (2) the payment acres determined under section 1114.
    (f) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines that 
agriculture risk coverage payments are required to be provided for the 
covered commodity, payments shall be made beginning October 1, or as 
soon as practicable thereafter, after the end of the applicable 
marketing year for the covered commodity.
    (g) Additional Duties of the Secretary.--In providing agriculture 
risk coverage, the Secretary shall--
        (1) to the maximum extent practicable, use all available 
    information and analysis, including data mining, to check for 
    anomalies in the determination of agriculture risk coverage 
    payments;
        (2) to the maximum extent practicable, calculate a separate 
    actual crop revenue and agriculture risk coverage guarantee for 
    irrigated and nonirrigated covered commodities;
        (3) in the case of individual coverage, assign an average yield 
    for a farm on the basis of the yield history of representative 
    farms in the State, region, or crop reporting district, as 
    determined by the Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the 
    farm has planted acreage in a quantity that is insufficient to 
    calculate a representative average yield for the farm; and
        (4) in the case of county coverage, assign an actual or 
    benchmark county yield for each planted acre for the crop year for 
    the covered commodity on the basis of the yield history of 
    representative farms in the State, region, or crop reporting 
    district, as determined by the Secretary, if--
            (A) the Secretary cannot establish the actual or benchmark 
        county yield for each planted acre for a crop year for a 
        covered commodity in the county in accordance with subsection 
        (b)(1) or (c)(2); or
            (B) the yield determined under subsection (b)(1) or (c)(2) 
        is an unrepresentative average yield for the county, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 1118. PRODUCER AGREEMENTS.
    (a) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--
        (1) Requirements.--Before the producers on a farm may receive 
    payments under this subtitle with respect to the farm, the 
    producers shall agree, during the crop year for which the payments 
    are made and in exchange for the payments--
            (A) to comply with applicable conservation requirements 
        under subtitle B of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.);
            (B) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
        requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 
        U.S.C. 3821 et seq.);
            (C) to effectively control noxious weeds and otherwise 
        maintain the land in accordance with sound agricultural 
        practices, as determined by the Secretary; and
            (D) to use the land on the farm, in a quantity equal to the 
        attributable base acres for the farm and any base acres for an 
        agricultural or conserving use, and not for a nonagricultural 
        commercial, industrial, or residential use, as determined by 
        the Secretary.
        (2) Compliance.--The Secretary may issue such rules as the 
    Secretary considers necessary to ensure producer compliance with 
    the requirements of paragraph (1).
        (3) Modification.--At the request of the transferee or owner, 
    the Secretary may modify the requirements of this subsection if the 
    modifications are consistent with the objectives of this 
    subsection, as determined by the Secretary.
    (b) Transfer or Change of Interest in Farm.--
        (1) Termination.--
            (A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
        transfer of (or change in) the interest of the producers on a 
        farm for which payments under this subtitle are provided shall 
        result in the termination of the payments, unless the 
        transferee or owner of the acreage agrees to assume all 
        obligations under subsection (a).
            (B) Effective date.--The termination shall take effect on 
        the date determined by the Secretary.
        (2) Exception.--If a producer entitled to a payment under this 
    subtitle dies, becomes incompetent, or is otherwise unable to 
    receive the payment, the Secretary shall make the payment in 
    accordance with rules issued by the Secretary.
    (c) Acreage Reports.--As a condition on the receipt of any benefits 
under this subtitle or subtitle B, the Secretary shall require 
producers on a farm to submit to the Secretary annual acreage reports 
with respect to all cropland on the farm.
    (d) Production Reports.--As an additional condition on receiving 
agriculture risk coverage payments for individual coverage, the 
Secretary shall require a producer on a farm to submit to the Secretary 
annual production reports with respect to all covered commodities 
produced on all farms in the same State--
        (1) in which the producer has an interest; and
        (2) for which individual coverage has been selected.
    (e) Effect of Inaccurate Reports.--No penalty with respect to 
benefits under this subtitle or subtitle B shall be assessed against a 
producer on a farm for an inaccurate acreage or production report 
unless the Secretary determines that the producer on the farm knowingly 
and willfully falsified the acreage or production report.
    (f) Tenants and Sharecroppers.--In carrying out this subtitle, the 
Secretary shall provide adequate safeguards to protect the interests of 
tenants and sharecroppers.
    (g) Sharing of Payments.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
sharing of payments made under this subtitle among the producers on a 
farm on a fair and equitable basis.
SEC. 1119. TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND COTTON.
    (a) Availability.--
        (1) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to provide 
    transition assistance to producers of upland cotton in light of the 
    repeal of section 1103 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
    2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713), the inapplicability of sections 1116 and 1117 
    to upland cotton, and the delayed implementation of the Stacked 
    Income Protection Plan required by section 508B of the Federal Crop 
    Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508b), as added by section 11017 of this 
    Act.
        (2) 2014 crop year.--For the 2014 crop of upland cotton, the 
    Secretary shall provide transition assistance, pursuant to the 
    terms and conditions of this section, to producers on a farm for 
    which cotton base acres were in existence for the 2013 crop year.
        (3) 2015 crop year.--For the 2015 crop of upland cotton, the 
    Secretary shall provide transition assistance, pursuant to the 
    terms and conditions of this section, to producers on a farm--
            (A) for which cotton base acres were in existence for the 
        2013 crop year; and
            (B) that is located in a county in which the Stacked Income 
        Protection Plan required by section 508B of the Federal Crop 
        Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508b) is not available to producers of 
        upland cotton for the 2015 crop year.
    (b) Transition Assistance Rate.--The transition assistance rate 
shall be equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
        (1) the June 12, 2013, midpoint estimate for the marketing year 
    average price of upland cotton received by producers for the 
    marketing year beginning August 1, 2013, minus the December 10, 
    2013, midpoint estimate for the marketing year average price of 
    upland cotton received by producers for the marketing year 
    beginning August 1, 2013, as contained in the applicable World 
    Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report published by the 
    Department of Agriculture; and
        (2) the national program yield for upland cotton of 597 pounds 
    per acre.
    (c) Calculation of Transition Assistance Amount.--The amount of 
transition assistance to be provided under this section to producers on 
a farm for a crop year shall be equal to the product obtained by 
multiplying--
        (1) for the 2014 crop year, 60 percent, and for the 2015 crop 
    year, 36.5 percent, of the cotton base acres referred to in 
    subsection (a) for the farm, subject to adjustment or reduction for 
    conservation measures as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of 
    section 1112;
        (2) the transition assistance rate in effect for the crop year 
    under subsection (b); and
        (3) the payment yield for upland cotton for the farm 
    established for purposes of section 1103(c)(3) of the Food, 
    Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713(c)(3)), divided 
    by the national program yield for upland cotton of 597 pounds per 
    acre.
    (d) Time for Payment.--The Secretary may not make transition 
assistance payments for a crop year under this section before October 1 
of the calendar year in which the crop of upland cotton is harvested.
    (e) Payment Limitations.--Sections 1001 through 1001C of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308 through 1308C), as in effect on 
September 30, 2013, shall apply to the receipt of transition assistance 
under this section in the same manner as such sections applied to 
section 1103 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8713).

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. AVAILABILITY OF NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS FOR 
LOAN COMMODITIES.
    (a) Definition of Loan Commodity.--In this subtitle, the term 
``loan commodity'' means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, 
upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, long grain rice, medium grain 
rice, peanuts, soybeans, other oilseeds, graded wool, nongraded wool, 
mohair, honey, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
    (b) Nonrecourse Loans Available.--
        (1) In general.--For each of the 2014 through 2018 crops of 
    each loan commodity, the Secretary shall make available to 
    producers on a farm nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for loan 
    commodities produced on the farm.
        (2) Terms and conditions.--The marketing assistance loans shall 
    be made under terms and conditions that are prescribed by the 
    Secretary and at the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
    the loan commodity.
    (c) Eligible Production.--The producers on a farm shall be eligible 
for a marketing assistance loan under subsection (b) for any quantity 
of a loan commodity produced on the farm.
    (d) Compliance With Conservation and Wetlands Requirements.--As a 
condition of the receipt of a marketing assistance loan under 
subsection (b), the producer shall comply with applicable conservation 
requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and applicable wetland protection 
requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 
et seq.) during the term of the loan.
    (e) Special Rules for Peanuts.--
        (1) In general.--This subsection shall apply only to producers 
    of peanuts.
        (2) Options for obtaining loan.--A marketing assistance loan 
    under this section, and loan deficiency payments under section 
    1205, may be obtained at the option of the producers on a farm 
    through--
            (A) a designated marketing association or marketing 
        cooperative of producers that is approved by the Secretary; or
            (B) the Farm Service Agency.
        (3) Storage of loan peanuts.--As a condition on the approval by 
    the Secretary of an individual or entity to provide storage for 
    peanuts for which a marketing assistance loan is made under this 
    section, the individual or entity shall agree--
            (A) to provide the storage on a nondiscriminatory basis; 
        and
            (B) to comply with such additional requirements as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to accomplish the purposes of 
        this section and promote fairness in the administration of the 
        benefits of this section.
        (4) Storage, handling, and associated costs.--
            (A) In general.--To ensure proper storage of peanuts for 
        which a loan is made under this section, the Secretary shall 
        pay handling and other associated costs (other than storage 
        costs) incurred at the time at which the peanuts are placed 
        under loan, as determined by the Secretary.
            (B) Redemption and forfeiture.--The Secretary shall--
                (i) require the repayment of handling and other 
            associated costs paid under subparagraph (A) for all 
            peanuts pledged as collateral for a loan that is redeemed 
            under this section; and
                (ii) pay storage, handling, and other associated costs 
            for all peanuts pledged as collateral that are forfeited 
            under this section.
        (5) Marketing.--A marketing association or cooperative may 
    market peanuts for which a loan is made under this section in any 
    manner that conforms to consumer needs, including the separation of 
    peanuts by type and quality.
        (6) Reimbursable agreements and payment of administrative 
    expenses.--The Secretary may implement any reimbursable agreements 
    or provide for the payment of administrative expenses under this 
    subsection only in a manner that is consistent with those 
    activities in regard to other loan commodities.
SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.
    (a) In General.--For purposes of each of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years, the loan rate for a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 
for a loan commodity shall be equal to the following:
        (1) In the case of wheat, $2.94 per bushel.
        (2) In the case of corn, $1.95 per bushel.
        (3) In the case of grain sorghum, $1.95 per bushel.
        (4) In the case of barley, $1.95 per bushel.
        (5) In the case of oats, $1.39 per bushel.
        (6) In the case of base quality of upland cotton, for each of 
    the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the simple average of the 
    adjusted prevailing world price for the 2 immediately preceding 
    marketing years, as determined by the Secretary and announced 
    October 1 preceding the next domestic plantings, but in no case 
    less than $0.45 per pound or more than $0.52 per pound.
        (7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, $0.7977 per pound.
        (8) In the case of long grain rice, $6.50 per hundredweight.
        (9) In the case of medium grain rice, $6.50 per hundredweight.
        (10) In the case of soybeans, $5.00 per bushel.
        (11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per hundredweight 
    for each of the following kinds of oilseeds:
            (A) Sunflower seed.
            (B) Rapeseed.
            (C) Canola.
            (D) Safflower.
            (E) Flaxseed.
            (F) Mustard seed.
            (G) Crambe.
            (H) Sesame seed.
            (I) Other oilseeds designated by the Secretary.
        (12) In the case of dry peas, $5.40 per hundredweight.
        (13) In the case of lentils, $11.28 per hundredweight.
        (14) In the case of small chickpeas, $7.43 per hundredweight.
        (15) In the case of large chickpeas, $11.28 per hundredweight.
        (16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
        (17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per pound.
        (18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
        (19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
        (20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.
    (b) Single County Loan Rate for Other Oilseeds.--The Secretary 
shall establish a single loan rate in each county for each kind of 
other oilseeds described in subsection (a)(11).
SEC. 1203. TERM OF LOANS.
    (a) Term of Loan.--In the case of each loan commodity, a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 shall have a term of 9 months 
beginning on the first day of the first month after the month in which 
the loan is made.
    (b) Extensions Prohibited.--The Secretary may not extend the term 
of a marketing assistance loan for any loan commodity.
SEC. 1204. REPAYMENT OF LOANS.
    (a) General Rule.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a 
farm to repay a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for a loan 
commodity (other than upland cotton, long grain rice, medium grain 
rice, extra long staple cotton, peanuts and confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed)) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
        (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under section 
    1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
    the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
    U.S.C. 7283));
        (2) a rate (as determined by the Secretary) that--
            (A) is calculated based on average market prices for the 
        loan commodity during the preceding 30-day period; and
            (B) will minimize discrepancies in marketing loan benefits 
        across State boundaries and across county boundaries; or
        (3) a rate that the Secretary may develop using alternative 
    methods for calculating a repayment rate for a loan commodity that 
    the Secretary determines will--
            (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
            (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of the commodity by 
        the Federal Government;
            (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal Government in 
        storing the commodity;
            (D) allow the commodity produced in the United States to be 
        marketed freely and competitively, both domestically and 
        internationally; and
            (E) minimize discrepancies in marketing loan benefits 
        across State boundaries and across county boundaries.
    (b) Repayment Rates for Upland Cotton, Long Grain Rice, and Medium 
Grain Rice.--The Secretary shall permit producers to repay a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 for upland cotton, long grain rice, 
and medium grain rice at a rate that is the lesser of--
        (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under section 
    1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
    the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
    U.S.C. 7283)); or
        (2) the prevailing world market price for the commodity, as 
    determined and adjusted by the Secretary in accordance with this 
    section.
    (c) Repayment Rates for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--Repayment of a 
marketing assistance loan for extra long staple cotton shall be at the 
loan rate established for the commodity under section 1202, plus 
interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)).
    (d) Prevailing World Market Price.--For purposes of this section 
and section 1207, the Secretary shall prescribe by regulation--
        (1) a formula to determine the prevailing world market price 
    for each of upland cotton, long grain rice, and medium grain rice; 
    and
        (2) a mechanism by which the Secretary shall announce 
    periodically those prevailing world market prices.
    (e) Adjustment of Prevailing World Market Price for Upland Cotton, 
Long Grain Rice, and Medium Grain Rice.--
        (1) Rice.--The prevailing world market price for long grain 
    rice and medium grain rice determined under subsection (d) shall be 
    adjusted to United States quality and location.
        (2) Cotton.--The prevailing world market price for upland 
    cotton determined under subsection (d)--
            (A) shall be adjusted to United States quality and 
        location, with the adjustment to include--
                (i) a reduction equal to any United States Premium 
            Factor for upland cotton of a quality higher than Middling 
            (M) 1\3/32\-inch; and
                (ii) the average costs to market the commodity, 
            including average transportation costs, as determined by 
            the Secretary; and
            (B) may be further adjusted, during the period beginning on 
        the date of enactment of this Act and ending on July 31, 2019, 
        if the Secretary determines the adjustment is necessary--
                (i) to minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                (ii) to minimize the accumulation of stocks of upland 
            cotton by the Federal Government;
                (iii) to ensure that upland cotton produced in the 
            United States can be marketed freely and competitively, 
            both domestically and internationally; and
                (iv) to ensure an appropriate transition between 
            current-crop and forward-crop price quotations, except that 
            the Secretary may use forward-crop price quotations prior 
            to July 31 of a marketing year only if--

                    (I) there are insufficient current-crop price 
                quotations; and
                    (II) the forward-crop price quotation is the lowest 
                such quotation available.

        (3) Guidelines for additional adjustments.--In making 
    adjustments under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish a 
    mechanism for determining and announcing the adjustments in order 
    to avoid undue disruption in the United States market.
    (f) Repayment Rates for Confectionery and Other Kinds of Sunflower 
Seeds.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a farm to repay a 
marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
        (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under section 
    1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
    the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
    U.S.C. 7283)); or
        (2) the repayment rate established for oil sunflower seed.
    (g) Payment of Cotton Storage Costs.--Effective for each of the 
2014 through 2018 crop years, the Secretary shall make cotton storage 
payments available in the same manner, and at the same rates as the 
Secretary provided storage payments for the 2006 crop of cotton, except 
that the rates shall be reduced by 10 percent.
    (h) Repayment Rate for Peanuts.--The Secretary shall permit 
producers on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan for peanuts 
under section 1201 at a rate that is the lesser of--
        (1) the loan rate established for peanuts under section 
    1202(a)(20), plus interest (determined in accordance with section 
    163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
    (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
        (2) a rate that the Secretary determines will--
            (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
            (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of peanuts by the 
        Federal Government;
            (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal Government in 
        storing peanuts; and
            (D) allow peanuts produced in the United States to be 
        marketed freely and competitively, both domestically and 
        internationally.
    (i) Authority To Temporarily Adjust Repayment Rates.--
        (1) Adjustment authority.--In the event of a severe disruption 
    to marketing, transportation, or related infrastructure, the 
    Secretary may modify the repayment rate otherwise applicable under 
    this section for marketing assistance loans under section 1201 for 
    a loan commodity.
        (2) Duration.--Any adjustment made under paragraph (1) in the 
    repayment rate for marketing assistance loans for a loan commodity 
    shall be in effect on a short-term and temporary basis, as 
    determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 1205. LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS.
    (a) Availability of Loan Deficiency Payments.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the 
    Secretary may make loan deficiency payments available to producers 
    on a farm that, although eligible to obtain a marketing assistance 
    loan under section 1201 with respect to a loan commodity, agree to 
    forgo obtaining the loan for the commodity in return for loan 
    deficiency payments under this section.
        (2) Unshorn pelts, hay, and silage.--
            (A) Marketing assistance loans.--Subject to subparagraph 
        (B), nongraded wool in the form of unshorn pelts and hay and 
        silage derived from a loan commodity are not eligible for a 
        marketing assistance loan under section 1201.
            (B) Loan deficiency payment.--Effective for each of the 
        2014 through 2018 crop years, the Secretary may make loan 
        deficiency payments available under this section to producers 
        on a farm that produce unshorn pelts or hay and silage derived 
        from a loan commodity.
    (b) Computation.--A loan deficiency payment for a loan commodity or 
commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the 
product obtained by multiplying--
        (1) the payment rate determined under subsection (c) for the 
    commodity; by
        (2) the quantity of the commodity produced by the eligible 
    producers, excluding any quantity for which the producers obtain a 
    marketing assistance loan under section 1201.
    (c) Payment Rate.--
        (1) In general.--In the case of a loan commodity, the payment 
    rate shall be the amount by which--
            (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for the 
        loan commodity; exceeds
            (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan for the 
        loan commodity may be repaid under section 1204.
        (2) Unshorn pelts.--In the case of unshorn pelts, the payment 
    rate shall be the amount by which--
            (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
        ungraded wool; exceeds
            (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan for 
        ungraded wool may be repaid under section 1204.
        (3) Hay and silage.--In the case of hay or silage derived from 
    a loan commodity, the payment rate shall be the amount by which--
            (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for the 
        loan commodity from which the hay or silage is derived; exceeds
            (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan for the 
        loan commodity may be repaid under section 1204.
    (d) Exception for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--This section shall not 
apply with respect to extra long staple cotton.
    (e) Effective Date for Payment Rate Determination.--The Secretary 
shall determine the amount of the loan deficiency payment to be made 
under this section to the producers on a farm with respect to a 
quantity of a loan commodity or commodity referred to in subsection 
(a)(2) using the payment rate in effect under subsection (c) as of the 
date the producers request the payment.
SEC. 1206. PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS FOR GRAZED 
ACREAGE.
    (a) Eligible Producers.--
        (1) In general.--Effective for each of the 2014 through 2018 
    crop years, in the case of a producer that would be eligible for a 
    loan deficiency payment under section 1205 for wheat, barley, or 
    oats, but that elects to use acreage planted to the wheat, barley, 
    or oats for the grazing of livestock, the Secretary shall make a 
    payment to the producer under this section if the producer enters 
    into an agreement with the Secretary to forgo any other harvesting 
    of the wheat, barley, or oats on that acreage.
        (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--Effective for each of the 
    2014 through 2018 crop years, with respect to a producer on a farm 
    that uses acreage planted to triticale for the grazing of 
    livestock, the Secretary shall make a payment to the producer under 
    this section if the producer enters into an agreement with the 
    Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of triticale on that 
    acreage.
    (b) Payment Amount.--
        (1) In general.--The amount of a payment made under this 
    section to a producer on a farm described in subsection (a)(1) 
    shall be equal to the amount determined by multiplying--
            (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined under 
        section 1205(c) in effect, as of the date of the agreement, for 
        the county in which the farm is located; by
            (B) the payment quantity determined by multiplying--
                (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on the farm with 
            respect to which the producer elects to forgo harvesting of 
            wheat, barley, or oats; and
                (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the calculation 
            of price loss coverage under section 1115 with respect to 
            that loan commodity on the farm;
                (II) in the case of a farm for which agriculture risk 
            coverage is elected under section 1116(a), the payment 
            yield that would otherwise be in effect with respect to 
            that loan commodity on the farm in the absence of such 
            election; or
                (III) in the case of a farm for which no payment yield 
            is otherwise established for that loan commodity on the 
            farm, an appropriate yield established by the Secretary in 
            a manner consistent with section 1113(c).
        (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--The amount of a payment made 
    under this section to a producer on a farm described in subsection 
    (a)(2) shall be equal to the amount determined by multiplying--
            (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined under 
        section 1205(c) in effect for wheat, as of the date of the 
        agreement, for the county in which the farm is located; by
            (B) the payment quantity determined by multiplying--
                (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on the farm with 
            respect to which the producer elects to forgo harvesting of 
            triticale; and
                (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the calculation 
            of price loss coverage under subtitle A with respect to 
            wheat on the farm;
                (II) in the case of a farm for which agriculture risk 
            coverage is elected under section 1116(a), the payment 
            yield that would otherwise be in effect for wheat on the 
            farm in the absence of such election; or
                (III) in the case of a farm for which no payment yield 
            is otherwise established for wheat on the farm, an 
            appropriate yield established by the Secretary in a manner 
            consistent with section 1113(c).
    (c) Time, Manner, and Availability of Payment.--
        (1) Time and manner.--A payment under this section shall be 
    made at the same time and in the same manner as loan deficiency 
    payments are made under section 1205.
        (2) Availability.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        availability period for the payments authorized by this 
        section.
            (B) Certain commodities.--In the case of wheat, barley, and 
        oats, the availability period shall be consistent with the 
        availability period for the commodity established by the 
        Secretary for marketing assistance loans authorized by this 
        subtitle.
    (d) Prohibition on Crop Insurance Indemnity or Noninsured Crop 
Assistance.--A 2014 through 2018 crop of wheat, barley, oats, or 
triticale planted on acreage that a producer elects, in the agreement 
required by subsection (a), to use for the grazing of livestock in lieu 
of any other harvesting of the crop shall not be eligible for an 
indemnity under a policy or plan of insurance authorized under the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) or noninsured crop 
assistance under section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).
SEC. 1207. SPECIAL MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS FOR UPLAND COTTON.
    (a) Special Import Quota.--
        (1) Definition of special import quota.--In this subsection, 
    the term ``special import quota'' means a quantity of imports that 
    is not subject to the over-quota tariff rate of a tariff-rate 
    quota.
        (2) Establishment.--
            (A) In general.--The President shall carry out an import 
        quota program beginning on August 1, 2014, as provided in this 
        subsection.
            (B) Program requirements.--Whenever the Secretary 
        determines and announces that for any consecutive 4-week 
        period, the Friday through Thursday average price quotation for 
        the lowest-priced United States growth, as quoted for Middling 
        (M) 1\3/32\-inch cotton, delivered to a definable and 
        significant international market, as determined by the 
        Secretary, exceeds the prevailing world market price, there 
        shall immediately be in effect a special import quota.
        (3) Quantity.--The quota shall be equal to the consumption 
    during a 1-week period of cotton by domestic mills at the 
    seasonally adjusted average rate of the most recent 3 months for 
    which official data of the Department of Agriculture are available 
    or, in the absence of sufficient data, as estimated by the 
    Secretary.
        (4) Application.--The quota shall apply to upland cotton 
    purchased not later than 90 days after the date of the Secretary's 
    announcement under paragraph (2) and entered into the United States 
    not later than 180 days after that date.
        (5) Overlap.--A special quota period may be established that 
    overlaps any existing quota period if required by paragraph (2), 
    except that a special quota period may not be established under 
    this subsection if a quota period has been established under 
    subsection (b).
        (6) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity under a 
    special import quota shall be considered to be an in-quota quantity 
    for purposes of--
            (A) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery 
        Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
            (B) section 204 of the Andean Trade Preference Act (19 
        U.S.C. 3203);
            (C) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
        2463(d)); and
            (D) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized Tariff 
        Schedule.
        (7) Limitation.--The quantity of cotton entered into the United 
    States during any marketing year under the special import quota 
    established under this subsection may not exceed the equivalent of 
    10 weeks' consumption of upland cotton by domestic mills at the 
    seasonally adjusted average rate of the 3 months immediately 
    preceding the first special import quota established in any 
    marketing year.
    (b) Limited Global Import Quota for Upland Cotton.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Demand.--The term ``demand'' means--
                (i) the average seasonally adjusted annual rate of 
            domestic mill consumption of cotton during the most recent 
            3 months for which official data of the Department of 
            Agriculture are available or, in the absence of sufficient 
            data, as estimated by the Secretary; and
                (ii) the larger of--

                    (I) average exports of upland cotton during the 
                preceding 6 marketing years; or
                    (II) cumulative exports of upland cotton plus 
                outstanding export sales for the marketing year in 
                which the quota is established.

            (B) Limited global import quota.--The term ``limited global 
        import quota'' means a quantity of imports that is not subject 
        to the over-quota tariff rate of a tariff-rate quota.
            (C) Supply.--The term ``supply'' means, using the latest 
        official data of the Department of Agriculture--
                (i) the carry-over of upland cotton at the beginning of 
            the marketing year (adjusted to 480-pound bales) in which 
            the quota is established;
                (ii) production of the current crop; and
                (iii) imports to the latest date available during the 
            marketing year.
        (2) Program.--The President shall carry out an import quota 
    program that provides that whenever the Secretary determines and 
    announces that the average price of the base quality of upland 
    cotton, as determined by the Secretary, in the designated spot 
    markets for a month exceeded 130 percent of the average price of 
    the quality of cotton in the markets for the preceding 36 months, 
    notwithstanding any other provision of law, there shall immediately 
    be in effect a limited global import quota subject to the following 
    conditions:
            (A) Quantity.--The quantity of the quota shall be equal to 
        21 days of domestic mill consumption of upland cotton at the 
        seasonally adjusted average rate of the most recent 3 months 
        for which official data of the Department of Agriculture are 
        available or, in the absence of sufficient data, as estimated 
        by the Secretary.
            (B) Quantity if prior quota.--If a quota has been 
        established under this subsection during the preceding 12 
        months, the quantity of the quota next established under this 
        subsection shall be the smaller of 21 days of domestic mill 
        consumption calculated under subparagraph (A) or the quantity 
        required to increase the supply to 130 percent of the demand.
            (C) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity under a 
        limited global import quota shall be considered to be an in-
        quota quantity for purposes of--
                (i) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin Economic 
            Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                (ii) section 204 of the Andean Trade Preference Act (19 
            U.S.C. 3203);
                (iii) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
            U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                (iv) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized Tariff 
            Schedule.
            (D) Quota entry period.--When a quota is established under 
        this subsection, cotton may be entered under the quota during 
        the 90-day period beginning on the date the quota is 
        established by the Secretary.
        (3) No overlap.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), a quota period 
    may not be established that overlaps an existing quota period or a 
    special quota period established under subsection (a).
    (c) Economic Adjustment Assistance to Users of Upland Cotton.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, 
    on a monthly basis, make economic adjustment assistance available 
    to domestic users of upland cotton in the form of payments for all 
    documented use of that upland cotton during the previous monthly 
    period regardless of the origin of the upland cotton.
        (2) Value of assistance.--Effective beginning on August 1, 
    2013, the value of the assistance provided under paragraph (1) 
    shall be 3 cents per pound.
        (3) Allowable purposes.--Economic adjustment assistance under 
    this subsection shall be made available only to domestic users of 
    upland cotton that certify that the assistance shall be used only 
    to acquire, construct, install, modernize, develop, convert, or 
    expand land, plant, buildings, equipment, facilities, or machinery.
        (4) Review or audit.--The Secretary may conduct such review or 
    audit of the records of a domestic user under this subsection as 
    the Secretary determines necessary to carry out this subsection.
        (5) Improper use of assistance.--If the Secretary determines, 
    after a review or audit of the records of the domestic user, that 
    economic adjustment assistance under this subsection was not used 
    for the purposes specified in paragraph (3), the domestic user 
    shall be--
            (A) liable for the repayment of the assistance to the 
        Secretary, plus interest, as determined by the Secretary; and
            (B) ineligible to receive assistance under this subsection 
        for a period of 1 year following the determination of the 
        Secretary.
SEC. 1208. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.
    (a) Competitiveness Program.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this 
Act through July 31, 2019, the Secretary shall carry out a program--
        (1) to maintain and expand the domestic use of extra long 
    staple cotton produced in the United States;
        (2) to increase exports of extra long staple cotton produced in 
    the United States; and
        (3) to ensure that extra long staple cotton produced in the 
    United States remains competitive in world markets.
    (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Under the program, the 
Secretary shall make payments available under this section whenever--
        (1) for a consecutive 4-week period, the world market price for 
    the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple cotton 
    (adjusted to United States quality and location and for other 
    factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
    determined by the Secretary, is below the prevailing United States 
    price for a competing growth of extra long staple cotton; and
        (2) the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
    cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
    other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
    determined by the Secretary, is less than 134 percent of the loan 
    rate for extra long staple cotton.
    (c) Eligible Recipients.--The Secretary shall make payments 
available under this section to domestic users of extra long staple 
cotton produced in the United States and exporters of extra long staple 
cotton produced in the United States that enter into an agreement with 
the Commodity Credit Corporation to participate in the program under 
this section.
    (d) Payment Amount.--Payments under this section shall be based on 
the amount of the difference in the prices referred to in subsection 
(b)(1) during the fourth week of the consecutive 4-week period 
multiplied by the amount of documented purchases by domestic users and 
sales for export by exporters made in the week following such a 
consecutive 4-week period.
SEC. 1209. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS FOR HIGH MOISTURE FEED GRAINS 
AND SEED COTTON.
    (a) High Moisture Feed Grains.--
        (1) Definition of high moisture state.--In this subsection, the 
    term ``high moisture state'' means corn or grain sorghum having a 
    moisture content in excess of Commodity Credit Corporation 
    standards for marketing assistance loans made by the Secretary 
    under section 1201.
        (2) Recourse loans available.--For each of the 2014 through 
    2018 crops of corn and grain sorghum, the Secretary shall make 
    available recourse loans, as determined by the Secretary, to 
    producers on a farm that--
            (A) normally harvest all or a portion of their crop of corn 
        or grain sorghum in a high moisture state;
            (B) present--
                (i) certified scale tickets from an inspected, 
            certified commercial scale, including a licensed warehouse, 
            feedlot, feed mill, distillery, or other similar entity 
            approved by the Secretary, pursuant to regulations issued 
            by the Secretary; or
                (ii) field or other physical measurements of the 
            standing or stored crop in regions of the United States, as 
            determined by the Secretary, that do not have certified 
            commercial scales from which certified scale tickets may be 
            obtained within reasonable proximity of harvest operation;
            (C) certify that the producers on the farm were the owners 
        of the feed grain at the time of delivery to, and that the 
        quantity to be placed under loan under this subsection was in 
        fact harvested on the farm and delivered to, a feedlot, feed 
        mill, or commercial or on-farm high-moisture storage facility, 
        or to a facility maintained by the users of corn and grain 
        sorghum in a high moisture state; and
            (D) comply with deadlines established by the Secretary for 
        harvesting the corn or grain sorghum and submit applications 
        for loans under this subsection within deadlines established by 
        the Secretary.
        (3) Eligibility of acquired feed grains.--A loan under this 
    subsection shall be made on a quantity of corn or grain sorghum of 
    the same crop acquired by the producer equivalent to a quantity 
    determined by multiplying--
            (A) the acreage of the corn or grain sorghum in a high 
        moisture state harvested on the farm of the producer; by
            (B) the lower of--
                (i) the payment yield in effect for the calculation of 
            price loss coverage under section 1115, or the payment 
            yield deemed to be in effect or established under subclause 
            (II) or (III) of section 1206(b)(1)(B)(ii), with respect to 
            corn or grain sorghum on a field that is similar to the 
            field from which the corn or grain sorghum referred to in 
            subparagraph (A) was obtained; or
                (ii) the actual yield of corn or grain sorghum on a 
            field, as determined by the Secretary, that is similar to 
            the field from which the corn or grain sorghum referred to 
            in subparagraph (A) was obtained.
    (b) Recourse Loans Available for Seed Cotton.--For each of the 2014 
through 2018 crops of upland cotton and extra long staple cotton, the 
Secretary shall make available recourse seed cotton loans, as 
determined by the Secretary, on any production.
    (c) Repayment Rates.--Repayment of a recourse loan made under this 
section shall be at the loan rate established for the commodity by the 
Secretary, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7283)).
SEC. 1210. ADJUSTMENTS OF LOANS.
    (a) Adjustment Authority.--Subject to subsection (e), the Secretary 
may make appropriate adjustments in the loan rates for any loan 
commodity (other than cotton) for differences in grade, type, quality, 
location, and other factors.
    (b) Manner of Adjustment.--The adjustments under subsection (a) 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be made in such a manner that 
the average loan level for the commodity will, on the basis of the 
anticipated incidence of the factors, be equal to the level of support 
determined in accordance with this subtitle and subtitle C.
    (c) Adjustment on County Basis.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish loan rates for a 
    crop for producers in individual counties in a manner that results 
    in the lowest loan rate being 95 percent of the national average 
    loan rate, if those loan rates do not result in an increase in 
    outlays.
        (2) Prohibition.--Adjustments under this subsection shall not 
    result in an increase in the national average loan rate for any 
    year.
    (d) Adjustment in Loan Rate for Cotton.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may make appropriate adjustments 
    in the loan rate for cotton for differences in quality factors.
        (2) Types of adjustments.--Loan rate adjustments under 
    paragraph (1) may include--
            (A) the use of non-spot market price data, in addition to 
        spot market price data, that would enhance the accuracy of the 
        price information used in determining quality adjustments under 
        this subsection;
            (B) adjustments in the premiums or discounts associated 
        with upland cotton with a staple length of 33 or above due to 
        micronaire with the goal of eliminating any unnecessary 
        artificial splits in the calculations of the premiums or 
        discounts; and
            (C) such other adjustments as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate, after consultations conducted in accordance with 
        paragraph (3).
        (3) Consultation with private sector.--
            (A) Prior to revision.--In making adjustments to the loan 
        rate for cotton (including any review of the adjustments) as 
        provided in this subsection, the Secretary shall consult with 
        representatives of the United States cotton industry.
            (B) Inapplicability of federal advisory committee act.--The 
        Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply 
        to consultations under this subsection.
        (4) Review of adjustments.--The Secretary may review the 
    operation of the upland cotton quality adjustments implemented 
    pursuant to this subsection and may make further adjustments to the 
    administration of the loan program for upland cotton, by revoking 
    or revising any adjustment taken under paragraph (2).
    (e) Rice.--The Secretary shall not make adjustments in the loan 
rates for long grain rice and medium grain rice, except for differences 
in grade and quality (including milling yields).

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.
    (a) Continuation of Current Program and Loan Rates.--
        (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a) of the Federal Agriculture 
    Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(a)) is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3);
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``the 2011 crop year; 
        and'' and inserting ``each of the 2011 through 2018 crop 
        years.''; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (5).
        (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal Agriculture 
    Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(b)(2)) is amended 
    by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
        (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the Federal 
    Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(i)) 
    is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
        (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the Agricultural 
    Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) is amended by 
    striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
        (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
    Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by striking 
    ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

                           Subtitle D--Dairy

         PART I--MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DAIRY PRODUCERS

SEC. 1401. DEFINITIONS.
    In this part and part III:
        (1) Actual dairy production margin.--The term ``actual dairy 
    production margin'' means the difference between the all-milk price 
    and the average feed cost, as calculated under section 1402.
        (2) All-milk price.--The term ``all-milk price'' means the 
    average price received, per hundredweight of milk, by dairy 
    operations for all milk sold to plants and dealers in the United 
    States, as determined by the Secretary.
        (3) Average feed cost.--The term ``average feed cost'' means 
    the average cost of feed used by a dairy operation to produce a 
    hundredweight of milk, determined under section 1402 using the sum 
    of the following:
            (A) The product determined by multiplying 1.0728 by the 
        price of corn per bushel.
            (B) The product determined by multiplying 0.00735 by the 
        price of soybean meal per ton.
            (C) The product determined by multiplying 0.0137 by the 
        price of alfalfa hay per ton.
        (4) Consecutive 2-month period.--The term ``consecutive 2-month 
    period'' refers to the 2-month period consisting of the months of 
    January and February, March and April, May and June, July and 
    August, September and October, or November and December, 
    respectively.
        (5) Dairy operation.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``dairy operation'' means, as 
        determined by the Secretary, 1 or more dairy producers that 
        produce and market milk as a single dairy operation in which 
        each dairy producer--
                (i) shares in the risk of producing milk; and
                (ii) makes contributions (including land, labor, 
            management, equipment, or capital) to the dairy operation 
            of the individual or entity, which are at least 
            commensurate with the individual or entity's share of the 
            proceeds of the operation.
            (B) Additional ownership structures.--The Secretary shall 
        determine additional ownership structures to be covered by the 
        definition of dairy operation.
        (6) Margin protection program.--The term ``margin protection 
    program'' means the margin protection program required by section 
    1403.
        (7) Margin protection program payment.--The term ``margin 
    protection program payment'' means a payment made to a 
    participating dairy operation under the margin protection program 
    pursuant to section 1406.
        (8) Participating dairy operation.--The term ``participating 
    dairy operation'' means a dairy operation that registers under 
    section 1404 to participate in the margin protection program.
        (9) Production history.--The term ``production history'' means 
    the production history determined for a participating dairy 
    operation under subsection (a) or (b) of section 1405 when the 
    participating dairy operation first registers to participate in the 
    margin protection program.
        (10) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
    Agriculture.
        (11) United states.--The term ``United States'', in a 
    geographical sense, means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, 
    American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
    Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the 
    United States, and any other territory or possession of the United 
    States.
SEC. 1402. CALCULATION OF AVERAGE FEED COST AND ACTUAL DAIRY PRODUCTION 
MARGINS.
    (a) Calculation of Average Feed Cost.--The Secretary shall 
calculate the national average feed cost for each month using the 
following data:
        (1) The price of corn for a month shall be the price received 
    during that month by farmers in the United States for corn, as 
    reported in the monthly Agricultural Prices report by the 
    Secretary.
        (2) The price of soybean meal for a month shall be the central 
    Illinois price for soybean meal, as reported in the Market News-
    Monthly Soybean Meal Price Report by the Secretary.
        (3) The price of alfalfa hay for a month shall be the price 
    received during that month by farmers in the United States for 
    alfalfa hay, as reported in the monthly Agricultural Prices report 
    by the Secretary.
    (b) Calculation of Actual Dairy Production Margin.--
        (1) In general.--For use in the margin protection program, the 
    Secretary shall calculate the actual dairy production margin for 
    each consecutive 2-month period by subtracting--
            (A) the average feed cost for that consecutive 2-month 
        period, determined in accordance with subsection (a); from
            (B) the all-milk price for that consecutive 2-month period.
        (2) Time for calculation.--The calculation required by this 
    subsection shall be made as soon as practicable using the full-
    month price of the applicable reference month.
SEC. 1403. ESTABLISHMENT OF MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DAIRY 
PRODUCERS.
    Not later than September 1, 2014, the Secretary shall establish and 
administer a margin protection program for dairy producers under which 
participating dairy operations are paid a margin protection payment 
when actual dairy production margins are less than the threshold levels 
for a margin protection payment.
SEC. 1404. PARTICIPATION OF DAIRY OPERATIONS IN MARGIN PROTECTION 
PROGRAM.
    (a) Eligibility.--All dairy operations in the United States shall 
be eligible to participate in the margin protection program to receive 
margin protection payments.
    (b) Registration Process.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall specify the manner and 
    form by which a participating dairy operation may register to 
    participate in the margin protection program.
        (2) Treatment of multiproducer dairy operations.--If a 
    participating dairy operation is operated by more than 1 dairy 
    producer, all of the dairy producers of the participating dairy 
    operation shall be treated as a single dairy operation for purposes 
    of participating in the margin protection program.
        (3) Treatment of producers with multiple dairy operations.--If 
    a dairy producer operates 2 or more dairy operations, each dairy 
    operation of the producer shall separately register to participate 
    in the margin protection program.
    (c) Annual Administrative Fee.--
        (1) Administrative fee required.--Each participating dairy 
    operation shall--
            (A) pay an administrative fee to register to participate in 
        the margin protection program; and
            (B) pay the administrative fee annually through the 
        duration of the margin protection program specified in section 
        1409.
        (2) Amount of fee.--The administrative fee for a participating 
    dairy operation shall be $100.
        (3) Use of fees.--The Secretary shall use administrative fees 
    collected under this subsection to cover administrative costs 
    incurred to carry out the margin protection program.
    (d) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--A dairy 
operation may participate in the margin protection program or the 
livestock gross margin for dairy program under the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), but not both.
SEC. 1405. PRODUCTION HISTORY OF PARTICIPATING DAIRY OPERATIONS.
    (a) Production History.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (b), when a 
    dairy operation first registers to participate in the margin 
    protection program, the production history of the dairy operation 
    for the margin protection program is equal to the highest annual 
    milk marketings of the participating dairy operation during any one 
    of the 2011, 2012, or 2013 calendar years.
        (2) Adjustment.--In subsequent years, the Secretary shall 
    adjust the production history of a participating dairy operation 
    determined under paragraph (1) to reflect any increase in the 
    national average milk production.
    (b) Election by New Dairy Operations.--In the case of a 
participating dairy operation that has been in operation for less than 
a year, the participating dairy operation shall elect 1 of the 
following methods for the Secretary to determine the production history 
of the participating dairy operation:
        (1) The volume of the actual milk marketings for the months the 
    participating dairy operation has been in operation extrapolated to 
    a yearly amount.
        (2) An estimate of the actual milk marketings of the 
    participating dairy operation based on the herd size of the 
    participating dairy operation relative to the national rolling herd 
    average data published by the Secretary.
    (c) Required Information.--A participating dairy operation shall 
provide all information that the Secretary may require in order to 
establish the production history of the participating dairy operation 
for purposes of participating in the margin protection program.
SEC. 1406. MARGIN PROTECTION PAYMENTS.
    (a) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--For purposes 
of receiving margin protection payments for a consecutive 2-month 
period, a participating dairy operation shall annually elect--
        (1) a coverage level threshold that is equal to $4.00, $4.50, 
    $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, or $8.00; and
        (2) a percentage of coverage, in 5-percent increments, 
    beginning with 25 percent and not exceeding 90 percent of the 
    production history of the participating dairy operation.
    (b) Payment Threshold.--A participating dairy operation shall 
receive a margin protection payment whenever the average actual dairy 
production margin for a consecutive 2-month period is less than the 
coverage level threshold selected by the participating dairy operation.
    (c) Amount of Margin Protection Payment.--The margin protection 
payment for the participating dairy operation shall be determined as 
follows:
        (1) The Secretary shall calculate the amount by which the 
    coverage level threshold selected by the participating dairy 
    operation exceeds the average actual dairy production margin for 
    the consecutive 2-month period.
        (2) The amount determined under paragraph (1) shall be 
    multiplied by--
            (A) the coverage percentage selected by the participating 
        dairy operation; and
            (B) the production history of the participating dairy 
        operation divided by 6.
SEC. 1407. PREMIUMS FOR MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM.
    (a) Calculation of Premiums.--For purposes of participating in the 
margin protection program, a participating dairy operation shall pay an 
annual premium equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
        (1) the coverage percentage elected by the participating dairy 
    operation under section 1406(a)(2);
        (2) the production history of the participating dairy 
    operation; and
        (3) the premium per hundredweight of milk imposed by this 
    section for the coverage level selected.
    (b) Premium Per Hundredweight for First 4 Million Pounds of 
Production.--
        (1) In general.--For the first 4,000,000 pounds of milk 
    marketings included in the production history of a participating 
    dairy operation, the premium per hundredweight for each coverage 
    level is specified in the table contained in paragraph (2).
        (2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
    the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.00                                 None
                       $4.50                               $0.010
                       $5.00                               $0.025
                       $5.50                               $0.040
                       $6.00                               $0.055
                       $6.50                               $0.090
                       $7.00                               $0.217
                       $7.50                               $0.300
                       $8.00                               $0.475
------------------------------------------------------------------------


        (3) Special rule.--The premium per hundredweight specified in 
    the table contained in paragraph (2) for each coverage level 
    (except the $8.00 coverage level) shall be reduced by 25 percent 
    for each of calendar years 2014 and 2015.
    (c) Premium Per Hundredweight for Production in Excess of 4 Million 
Pounds.--
        (1) In general.--For milk marketings in excess of 4,000,000 
    pounds included in the production history of a participating dairy 
    operation, the premium per hundredweight for each coverage level is 
    specified in the table contained in paragraph (2).
        (2) Producer premiums.--The following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.00                                 None
                       $4.50                               $0.020
                       $5.00                               $0.040
                       $5.50                               $0.100
                       $6.00                               $0.155
                       $6.50                               $0.290
                       $7.00                               $0.830
                       $7.50                               $1.060
                       $8.00                               $1.360
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    (d) Time for Payment of Premium.--The Secretary shall provide more 
than 1 method by which a participating dairy operation may pay the 
premium required under this section in any manner that maximizes 
participating dairy operation payment flexibility and program 
integrity.
    (e) Premium Obligations.--
        (1) Pro-ration of premium for new participants.--In the case of 
    a participating dairy operation that first registers to participate 
    in the margin protection program for a calendar year after the 
    start of the calendar year, the participating dairy operation shall 
    pay a pro-rated premium for that calendar year based on the portion 
    of the calendar year for which the participating dairy operation 
    purchases the coverage.
        (2) Legal obligation.--A participating dairy operation in the 
    margin protection program for a calendar year shall be legally 
    obligated to pay the applicable premium for that calendar year, 
    except that the Secretary may waive that obligation, under terms 
    and conditions determined by the Secretary, for any participating 
    dairy operation in the case of death, retirement, permanent 
    dissolution of a participating dairy operation, or other 
    circumstances as the Secretary considers appropriate to ensure the 
    integrity of the program.
SEC. 1408. EFFECT OF FAILURE TO PAY ADMINISTRATIVE FEES OR PREMIUMS.
    (a) Loss of Benefits.--A participating dairy operation that fails 
to pay the required annual administrative fee under section 1404 or is 
in arrears on premium payments under section 1407--
        (1) remains legally obligated to pay the administrative fee or 
    premiums, as the case may be; and
        (2) may not receive margin protection payments until the fees 
    or premiums are fully paid.
    (b) Enforcement.--The Secretary may take such action as necessary 
to collect administrative fees and premium payments for participation 
in the margin protection program.
SEC. 1409. DURATION.
    The margin protection program shall end on December 31, 2018.
SEC. 1410. ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
address administrative and enforcement issues involved in carrying out 
the margin protection program.
    (b) Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
prohibit a dairy producer from reconstituting a dairy operation for the 
purpose of the dairy producer receiving margin protection payments.
    (c) Administrative Appeals.--Using authorities under section 
1001(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(h)) and 
subtitle H of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act (7 
U.S.C. 6991 et seq.), the Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
provide for administrative appeals of decisions of the Secretary that 
are adverse to participants of the margin protection program.
    (d) Inclusion of Additional Order.--Section 143(a)(2) of the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7253(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``Subsection (b) does not apply to the authority of the Secretary under 
this subsection.''.

  PART II--REPEAL OR REAUTHORIZATION OF OTHER DAIRY-RELATED PROVISIONS

SEC. 1421. REPEAL OF DAIRY PRODUCT PRICE SUPPORT PROGRAM.
    Section 1501 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8771) is repealed.
SEC. 1422. TEMPORARY CONTINUATION AND EVENTUAL REPEAL OF MILK INCOME 
LOSS CONTRACT PROGRAM.
    (a) Temporary Continuation of Payments Under Milk Income Loss 
Contract Program.--Section 1506 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8773) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(6) Termination date.--The term `termination date' means the 
    earlier of the following:
            ``(A) The date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress 
        that the margin protection program required by section 1403 of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014 is operational.
            ``(B) September 1, 2014.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(3)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting after ``August 31, 
        2013,'' the following: ``and for the period beginning February 
        1, 2014, and ending on the termination date,''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and thereafter,'' 
        and inserting ``and ending January 31, 2014,'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``For any month beginning 
        on or after September 1, 2013,'' and inserting ``During the 
        period beginning on September 1, 2013, and ending on January 
        31, 2014,'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
        ``(3) Final adjustment authority.--During the period beginning 
    on February 1, 2014, and ending on the termination date, if the 
    National Average Dairy Feed Ration Cost for a month during that 
    period is greater than $7.35 per hundredweight, the amount 
    specified in subsection (c)(2)(A) used to determine the payment 
    rate for that month shall be increased by 45 percent of the 
    percentage by which the National Average Dairy Feed Ration Cost 
    exceeds $7.35 per hundredweight.'';
        (4) in subsection (e)(2)(A)--
            (A) in clause (ii), by inserting after ``August 31, 2013,'' 
        the following: ``and for the period beginning February 1, 2014, 
        and ending on the termination date,''; and
            (B) in clause (iii), by striking ``effective beginning 
        September 1, 2013,'' and inserting ``for the period beginning 
        September 1, 2013, and ending January 31, 2014,'';
        (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``during the period 
    beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment 
    of this Act and ending on September 30, 2013'' and inserting 
    ``until the termination date''; and
        (6) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``September 30, 2013'' 
    and inserting ``the termination date''.
    (b) Repeal of Milk Income Loss Contract Program.--
        (1) Repeal.--Effective on the termination date, section 1506 of 
    the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8773) is 
    repealed.
        (2) Termination date defined.--In paragraph (1), the term 
    ``termination date'' means the earlier of the following:
            (A) The date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress 
        that the margin protection program required by section 1403 is 
        operational.
            (B) September 1, 2014.
SEC. 1423. REPEAL OF DAIRY EXPORT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 153 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (15 
U.S.C. 713a-14) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 902(2) of the Trade Sanctions 
Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7201(2)) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subparagraph (D); and
        (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs 
    (D) and (E), respectively.
SEC. 1424. EXTENSION OF DAIRY FORWARD PRICING PROGRAM.
    Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
    ``2021''.
SEC. 1425. EXTENSION OF DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM.
    Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 450l) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 1426. EXTENSION OF DAIRY PROMOTION AND RESEARCH PROGRAM.
    Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy Production Stabilization Act of 1983 
(7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 1427. REPEAL OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDER REVIEW COMMISSION.
    Section 1509 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1726) is repealed.

                PART III--DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM

SEC. 1431. DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Program Required; Purpose.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress that the margin 
protection program is operational, the Secretary shall establish and 
administer a dairy product donation program for the purposes of--
        (1) addressing low operating margins experienced by 
    participating dairy operations; and
        (2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals in low-income 
    groups.
    (b) Program Trigger.--The Secretary shall announce that the dairy 
product donation program is in effect for a month, and undertake 
activities under subsection (c) during the month, whenever the actual 
dairy production margin has been $4.00 or less per hundredweight of 
milk for each of the immediately preceding 2 months.
    (c) Required Program Activities.--
        (1) In general.--Whenever the dairy product donation program is 
    in effect under subsection (b), the Secretary shall immediately 
    purchase dairy products, at prevailing market prices, until such 
    time as one of the termination conditions specified in subsection 
    (d)(1) is met.
        (2) Consultation.--To determine the types and quantities of 
    dairy products to purchase under the dairy product donation 
    program, the Secretary shall consult with public and private 
    nonprofit organizations organized to feed low-income populations
    (d) Termination of Program Activities.--
        (1) Termination thresholds.--The Secretary shall cease 
    activities under the dairy product donation program, and shall not 
    reinitiate activities under the program until the condition 
    specified in subsection (b) is again met, whenever any one of the 
    following occurs:
            (A) The Secretary has made purchases under the dairy 
        product donation program for three consecutive months, even if 
        the actual dairy production margin remains $4.00 or less per 
        hundredweight of milk.
            (B) The actual dairy production margin has been greater 
        than $4.00 per hundredweight of milk for the immediately 
        preceding month.
            (C) The actual dairy production margin has been $4.00 or 
        less, but more than $3.00, per hundredweight of milk for the 
        immediately preceding month and during the same month--
                (i) the price in the United States for cheddar cheese 
            was more than 5 percent above the world price; or
                (ii) the price in the United States for non-fat dry 
            milk was more than 5 percent above the world price of skim 
            milk powder.
            (D) The actual dairy production margin has been $3.00 or 
        less per hundredweight of milk for the immediately preceding 
        month and during the same month--
                (i) the price in the United States for cheddar cheese 
            was more than 7 percent above the world price; or
                (ii) the price in the United States for non-fat dry 
            milk was more than 7 percent above the world price of skim 
            milk powder.
        (2) Determinations.--For purposes of this subsection, the 
    Secretary shall determine the price in the United States for 
    cheddar cheese and non-fat dry milk and the world price of cheddar 
    cheese and skim milk powder.
    (e) Distribution of Purchased Dairy Products.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall distribute, 
    but not store, the dairy products purchased under the dairy product 
    donation program in a manner that encourages the domestic 
    consumption of such dairy products by diverting them to persons in 
    low-income groups, as determined by the Secretary.
        (2) Use of public or private nonprofit organizations.--The 
    Secretary shall utilize the services of public and private 
    nonprofit organizations for the distribution of dairy products 
    purchased under the dairy product donation program. A public or 
    private nonprofit organization that receives dairy products may 
    transfer the products to another public or private nonprofit 
    organization that agrees to use the dairy products to provide, 
    without cost or waste, nutrition assistance to individuals in low-
    income groups.
    (f) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--A public or private 
nonprofit organization that receives dairy products under subsection 
(e) may not sell the products back into commercial markets.
    (g) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation Funds.--As specified in 
section 1601(a), the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation shall be available to the Secretary for 
the purposes of implementing and administering the dairy product 
donation program.
    (h) Duration.--In addition to the termination conditions specified 
in subsection (d)(1), the dairy product donation program shall end on 
December 31, 2018.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Eligible producer on a farm.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``eligible producer on a farm'' 
        means an individual or entity described in subparagraph (B) 
        that, as determined by the Secretary, assumes the production 
        and market risks associated with the agricultural production of 
        crops or livestock.
            (B) Description.--An individual or entity referred to in 
        subparagraph (A) is--
                (i) a citizen of the United States;
                (ii) a resident alien;
                (iii) a partnership of citizens of the United States; 
            or
                (iv) a corporation, limited liability corporation, or 
            other farm organizational structure organized under State 
            law.
        (2) Farm-raised fish.--The term ``farm-raised fish'' means any 
    aquatic species that is propagated and reared in a controlled 
    environment.
        (3) Livestock.--The term ``livestock'' includes--
            (A) cattle (including dairy cattle);
            (B) bison;
            (C) poultry;
            (D) sheep;
            (E) swine;
            (F) horses; and
            (G) other livestock, as determined by the Secretary.
        (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
    Agriculture.
    (b) Livestock Indemnity Payments.--
        (1) Payments.--For fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding fiscal 
    year, the Secretary shall use such sums as are necessary of the 
    funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to make livestock 
    indemnity payments to eligible producers on farms that have 
    incurred livestock death losses in excess of the normal mortality, 
    as determined by the Secretary, due to--
            (A) attacks by animals reintroduced into the wild by the 
        Federal Government or protected by Federal law, including 
        wolves and avian predators; or
            (B) adverse weather, as determined by the Secretary, during 
        the calendar year, including losses due to hurricanes, floods, 
        blizzards, disease, wildfires, extreme heat, and extreme cold.
        (2) Payment rates.--Indemnity payments to an eligible producer 
    on a farm under paragraph (1) shall be made at a rate of 75 percent 
    of the market value of the applicable livestock on the day before 
    the date of death of the livestock, as determined by the Secretary.
        (3) Special rule for payments made due to disease.--The 
    Secretary shall ensure that payments made to an eligible producer 
    under paragraph (1) are not made for the same livestock losses for 
    which compensation is provided pursuant to section 10407(d) of the 
    Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(d)).
    (c) Livestock Forage Disaster Program.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Covered livestock.--
                (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), the 
            term ``covered livestock'' means livestock of an eligible 
            livestock producer that, during the 60 days prior to the 
            beginning date of a qualifying drought or fire condition, 
            as determined by the Secretary, the eligible livestock 
            producer--

                    (I) owned;
                    (II) leased;
                    (III) purchased;
                    (IV) entered into a contract to purchase;
                    (V) is a contract grower; or
                    (VI) sold or otherwise disposed of due to 
                qualifying drought conditions during--

                        (aa) the current production year; or
                        (bb) subject to paragraph (3)(B)(ii), 1 or both 
                    of the 2 production years immediately preceding the 
                    current production year.
                (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``covered livestock'' does 
            not include livestock that were or would have been in a 
            feedlot, on the beginning date of the qualifying drought or 
            fire condition, as a part of the normal business operation 
            of the eligible livestock producer, as determined by the 
            Secretary.
            (B) Drought monitor.--The term ``drought monitor'' means a 
        system for classifying drought severity according to a range of 
        abnormally dry to exceptional drought, as defined by the 
        Secretary.
            (C) Eligible livestock producer.--
                (i) In general.--The term ``eligible livestock 
            producer'' means an eligible producer on a farm that--

                    (I) is an owner, cash or share lessee, or contract 
                grower of covered livestock that provides the 
                pastureland or grazing land, including cash-leased 
                pastureland or grazing land, for the livestock;
                    (II) provides the pastureland or grazing land for 
                covered livestock, including cash-leased pastureland or 
                grazing land that is physically located in a county 
                affected by drought;
                    (III) certifies grazing loss; and
                    (IV) meets all other eligibility requirements 
                established under this subsection.

                (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``eligible livestock 
            producer'' does not include an owner, cash or share lessee, 
            or contract grower of livestock that rents or leases 
            pastureland or grazing land owned by another person on a 
            rate-of-gain basis.
            (D) Normal carrying capacity.--The term ``normal carrying 
        capacity'', with respect to each type of grazing land or 
        pastureland in a county, means the normal carrying capacity, as 
        determined under paragraph (3)(D)(i), that would be expected 
        from the grazing land or pastureland for livestock during the 
        normal grazing period, in the absence of a drought or fire that 
        diminishes the production of the grazing land or pastureland.
            (E) Normal grazing period.--The term ``normal grazing 
        period'', with respect to a county, means the normal grazing 
        period during the calendar year for the county, as determined 
        under paragraph (3)(D)(i).
        (2) Program.--For fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding fiscal 
    year, the Secretary shall use such sums as are necessary of the 
    funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to provide compensation 
    for losses to eligible livestock producers due to grazing losses 
    for covered livestock due to--
            (A) a drought condition, as described in paragraph (3); or
            (B) fire, as described in paragraph (4).
        (3) Assistance for losses due to drought conditions.--
            (A) Eligible losses.--
                (i) In general.--An eligible livestock producer may 
            receive assistance under this subsection only for grazing 
            losses for covered livestock that occur on land that--

                    (I) is native or improved pastureland with 
                permanent vegetative cover; or
                    (II) is planted to a crop planted specifically for 
                the purpose of providing grazing for covered livestock.

                (ii) Exclusions.--An eligible livestock producer may 
            not receive assistance under this subsection for grazing 
            losses that occur on land used for haying or grazing under 
            the conservation reserve program established under 
            subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
            Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.).
            (B) Monthly payment rate.--
                (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), the 
            payment rate for assistance under this paragraph for 1 
            month shall, in the case of drought, be equal to 60 percent 
            of the lesser of--

                    (I) the monthly feed cost for all covered livestock 
                owned or leased by the eligible livestock producer, as 
                determined under subparagraph (C); or
                    (II) the monthly feed cost calculated by using the 
                normal carrying capacity of the eligible grazing land 
                of the eligible livestock producer.

                (ii) Partial compensation.--In the case of an eligible 
            livestock producer that sold or otherwise disposed of 
            covered livestock due to drought conditions in 1 or both of 
            the 2 production years immediately preceding the current 
            production year, as determined by the Secretary, the 
            payment rate shall be 80 percent of the payment rate 
            otherwise calculated in accordance with clause (i).
            (C) Monthly feed cost.--
                (i) In general.--The monthly feed cost shall equal the 
            product obtained by multiplying--

                    (I) 30 days;
                    (II) a payment quantity that is equal to the feed 
                grain equivalent, as determined under clause (ii); and
                    (III) a payment rate that is equal to the corn 
                price per pound, as determined under clause (iii).

                (ii) Feed grain equivalent.--For purposes of clause 
            (i)(II), the feed grain equivalent shall equal--

                    (I) in the case of an adult beef cow, 15.7 pounds 
                of corn per day; or
                    (II) in the case of any other type of weight of 
                livestock, an amount determined by the Secretary that 
                represents the average number of pounds of corn per day 
                necessary to feed the livestock.

                (iii) Corn price per pound.--For purposes of clause 
            (i)(III), the corn price per pound shall equal the quotient 
            obtained by dividing--

                    (I) the higher of--

                        (aa) the national average corn price per bushel 
                    for the 12-month period immediately preceding March 
                    1 of the year for which the disaster assistance is 
                    calculated; or
                        (bb) the national average corn price per bushel 
                    for the 24-month period immediately preceding that 
                    March 1; by

                    (II) 56.

            (D) Normal grazing period and drought monitor intensity.--
                (i) FSA county committee determinations.--

                    (I) In general.--The Secretary shall determine the 
                normal carrying capacity and normal grazing period for 
                each type of grazing land or pastureland in the county 
                served by the applicable committee.
                    (II) Changes.--No change to the normal carrying 
                capacity or normal grazing period established for a 
                county under subclause (I) shall be made unless the 
                change is requested by the appropriate State and county 
                Farm Service Agency committees.

                (ii) Drought intensity.--

                    (I) D2.--An eligible livestock producer that owns 
                or leases grazing land or pastureland that is 
                physically located in a county that is rated by the 
                U.S. Drought Monitor as having a D2 (severe drought) 
                intensity in any area of the county for at least 8 
                consecutive weeks during the normal grazing period for 
                the county, as determined by the Secretary, shall be 
                eligible to receive assistance under this paragraph in 
                an amount equal to 1 monthly payment using the monthly 
                payment rate determined under subparagraph (B).
                    (II) D3.--An eligible livestock producer that owns 
                or leases grazing land or pastureland that is 
                physically located in a county that is rated by the 
                U.S. Drought Monitor as having at least a D3 (extreme 
                drought) intensity in any area of the county at any 
                time during the normal grazing period for the county, 
                as determined by the Secretary, shall be eligible to 
                receive assistance under this paragraph--

                        (aa) in an amount equal to 3 monthly payments 
                    using the monthly payment rate determined under 
                    subparagraph (B);
                        (bb) if the county is rated as having a D3 
                    (extreme drought) intensity in any area of the 
                    county for at least 4 weeks during the normal 
                    grazing period for the county, or is rated as 
                    having a D4 (exceptional drought) intensity in any 
                    area of the county at any time during the normal 
                    grazing period, in an amount equal to 4 monthly 
                    payments using the monthly payment rate determined 
                    under subparagraph (B); or
                        (cc) if the county is rated as having a D4 
                    (exceptional drought) intensity in any area of the 
                    county for at least 4 weeks during the normal 
                    grazing period, in an amount equal to 5 monthly 
                    payments using the monthly rate determined under 
                    subparagraph (B).
        (4) Assistance for losses due to fire on public managed land.--
            (A) In general.--An eligible livestock producer may receive 
        assistance under this paragraph only if--
                (i) the grazing losses occur on rangeland that is 
            managed by a Federal agency; and
                (ii) the eligible livestock producer is prohibited by 
            the Federal agency from grazing the normal permitted 
            livestock on the managed rangeland due to a fire.
            (B) Payment rate.--The payment rate for assistance under 
        this paragraph shall be equal to 50 percent of the monthly feed 
        cost for the total number of livestock covered by the Federal 
        lease of the eligible livestock producer, as determined under 
        paragraph (3)(C).
            (C) Payment duration.--
                (i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), an eligible 
            livestock producer shall be eligible to receive assistance 
            under this paragraph for the period--

                    (I) beginning on the date on which the Federal 
                agency excludes the eligible livestock producer from 
                using the managed rangeland for grazing; and
                    (II) ending on the last day of the Federal lease of 
                the eligible livestock producer.

                (ii) Limitation.--An eligible livestock producer may 
            only receive assistance under this paragraph for losses 
            that occur on not more than 180 days per year.
        (5) No duplicative payments.--An eligible livestock producer 
    may elect to receive assistance for grazing or pasture feed losses 
    due to drought conditions under paragraph (3) or fire under 
    paragraph (4), but not both for the same loss, as determined by the 
    Secretary.
    (d) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-Raised 
Fish.--
        (1) In general.--For fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding 
    fiscal year, the Secretary shall use not more than $20,000,000 of 
    the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to provide emergency 
    relief to eligible producers of livestock, honey bees, and farm-
    raised fish to aid in the reduction of losses due to disease 
    (including cattle tick fever), adverse weather, or other 
    conditions, such as blizzards and wildfires, as determined by the 
    Secretary, that are not covered under subsection (b) or (c).
        (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this subsection 
    shall be used to reduce losses caused by feed or water shortages, 
    disease, or other factors as determined by the Secretary.
        (3) Availability of funds.--Any funds made available under this 
    subsection shall remain available until expended.
    (e) Tree Assistance Program.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Eligible orchardist.--The term ``eligible orchardist'' 
        means a person that produces annual crops from trees for 
        commercial purposes.
            (B) Natural disaster.--The term ``natural disaster'' means 
        plant disease, insect infestation, drought, fire, freeze, 
        flood, earthquake, lightning, or other occurrence, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
            (C) Nursery tree grower.--The term ``nursery tree grower'' 
        means a person who produces nursery, ornamental, fruit, nut, or 
        Christmas trees for commercial sale, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (D) Tree.--The term ``tree'' includes a tree, bush, and 
        vine.
        (2) Eligibility.--
            (A) Loss.--Subject to subparagraph (B), for fiscal year 
        2012 and each succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary shall use 
        such sums as are necessary of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation to provide assistance--
                (i) under paragraph (3) to eligible orchardists and 
            nursery tree growers that planted trees for commercial 
            purposes but lost the trees as a result of a natural 
            disaster, as determined by the Secretary; and
                (ii) under paragraph (3)(B) to eligible orchardists and 
            nursery tree growers that have a production history for 
            commercial purposes on planted or existing trees but lost 
            the trees as a result of a natural disaster, as determined 
            by the Secretary.
            (B) Limitation.--An eligible orchardist or nursery tree 
        grower shall qualify for assistance under subparagraph (A) only 
        if the tree mortality of the eligible orchardist or nursery 
        tree grower, as a result of damaging weather or related 
        condition, exceeds 15 percent (adjusted for normal mortality).
        (3) Assistance.--Subject to paragraph (4), the assistance 
    provided by the Secretary to eligible orchardists and nursery tree 
    growers for losses described in paragraph (2) shall consist of--
            (A)(i) reimbursement of 65 percent of the cost of 
        replanting trees lost due to a natural disaster, as determined 
        by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent mortality (adjusted 
        for normal mortality); or
            (ii) at the option of the Secretary, sufficient seedlings 
        to reestablish a stand; and
            (B) reimbursement of 50 percent of the cost of pruning, 
        removal, and other costs incurred by an eligible orchardist or 
        nursery tree grower to salvage existing trees or, in the case 
        of tree mortality, to prepare the land to replant trees as a 
        result of damage or tree mortality due to a natural disaster, 
        as determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent damage 
        or mortality (adjusted for normal tree damage and mortality).
        (4) Limitations on assistance.--
            (A) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In this 
        paragraph, the terms ``legal entity'' and ``person'' have the 
        meaning given those terms in section 1001(a) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)).
            (B) Amount.--The total amount of payments received, 
        directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity (excluding 
        a joint venture or general partnership) under this subsection 
        may not exceed $125,000 for any crop year, or an equivalent 
        value in tree seedlings.
            (C) Acres.--The total quantity of acres planted to trees or 
        tree seedlings for which a person or legal entity shall be 
        entitled to receive payments under this subsection may not 
        exceed 500 acres.
    (f) Payment Limitations.--
        (1) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In this 
    subsection, the terms ``legal entity'' and ``person'' have the 
    meaning given those terms in section 1001(a) of the Food Security 
    Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)).
        (2) Amount.--The total amount of disaster assistance payments 
    received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity 
    (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) under this 
    section (excluding payments received under subsection (e)) may not 
    exceed $125,000 for any crop year.
        (3) Direct attribution.--Subsections (e) and (f) of section 
    1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) or any 
    successor provisions relating to direct attribution shall apply 
    with respect to assistance provided under this section.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

SEC. 1601. ADMINISTRATION GENERALLY.
    (a) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Secretary shall use 
the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit 
Corporation to carry out this title.
    (b) Determinations by Secretary.--A determination made by the 
Secretary under this title shall be final and conclusive.
    (c) Regulations.--
        (1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
    subsection, not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
    this Act, the Secretary and the Commodity Credit Corporation, as 
    appropriate, shall promulgate such regulations as are necessary to 
    implement this title and the amendments made by this title.
        (2) Procedure.--The promulgation of the regulations and 
    administration of this title and the amendments made by this title 
    and sections 11003 and 11017 shall be made without regard to--
            (A) the notice and comment provisions of section 553 of 
        title 5, United States Code;
            (B) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly 
        known as the ``Paperwork Reduction Act''); and
            (C) the Statement of Policy of the Secretary of Agriculture 
        effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 13804), relating to 
        notices of proposed rulemaking and public participation in 
        rulemaking.
        (3) Congressional review of agency rulemaking.--In carrying out 
    this subsection, the Secretary shall use the authority provided 
    under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.
    (d) Adjustment Authority Related to Trade Agreements Compliance.--
        (1) Required determination; adjustment.--If the Secretary 
    determines that expenditures under this title that are subject to 
    the total allowable domestic support levels under the Uruguay Round 
    Agreements (as defined in section 2 of the Uruguay Round Agreements 
    Act (19 U.S.C. 3501)) will exceed such allowable levels for any 
    applicable reporting period, the Secretary shall, to the maximum 
    extent practicable, make adjustments in the amount of such 
    expenditures during that period to ensure that such expenditures do 
    not exceed the allowable levels.
        (2) Congressional notification.--Before making any adjustment 
    under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
    Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
    describing the determination made under that paragraph and the 
    extent of the adjustment to be made.
SEC. 1602. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.
    (a) Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.--The following provisions 
of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 shall not be applicable to 
the 2014 through 2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in 
section 1111), cotton, and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk 
during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act 
through December 31, 2018:
        (1) Parts II through V of subtitle B of title III (7 U.S.C. 
    1326 et seq.).
        (2) In the case of upland cotton, section 377 (7 U.S.C. 1377).
        (3) Subtitle D of title III (7 U.S.C. 1379a et seq.).
        (4) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).
    (b) Agricultural Act of 1949.--The following provisions of the 
Agricultural Act of 1949 shall not be applicable to the 2014 through 
2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in section 1111), cotton, 
and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk during the period 
beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and through December 31, 
2018:
        (1) Section 101 (7 U.S.C. 1441).
        (2) Section 103(a) (7 U.S.C. 1444(a)).
        (3) Section 105 (7 U.S.C. 1444b).
        (4) Section 107 (7 U.S.C. 1445a).
        (5) Section 110 (7 U.S.C. 1445e).
        (6) Section 112 (7 U.S.C. 1445g).
        (7) Section 115 (7 U.S.C. 1445k).
        (8) Section 201 (7 U.S.C. 1446).
        (9) Title III (7 U.S.C. 1447 et seq.).
        (10) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), other than sections 404, 
    412, and 416 (7 U.S.C. 1424, 1429, and 1431).
        (11) Title V (7 U.S.C. 1461 et seq.).
        (12) Title VI (7 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.).
    (c) Suspension of Certain Quota Provisions.--The joint resolution 
entitled ``A joint resolution relating to corn and wheat marketing 
quotas under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended'', 
approved May 26, 1941 (7 U.S.C. 1330 and 1340), shall not be applicable 
to the crops of wheat planted for harvest in the calendar years 2014 
through 2018.
SEC. 1603. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308) is amended by striking subsections (b) and (c) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(b) Limitation on Payments for Covered Commodities (other Than 
Peanuts).--The total amount of payments received, directly or 
indirectly, by a person or legal entity (except a joint venture or 
general partnership) for any crop year under sections 1116 and 1117 and 
as marketing loan gains or loan deficiency payments under subtitle B of 
title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (other than for peanuts) may 
not exceed $125,000.
    ``(c) Limitation on Payments for Peanuts.--The total amount of 
payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity 
(except a joint venture or general partnership) for any crop year under 
sections 1116 and 1117 and as marketing loan gains or loan deficiency 
payments under subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
for peanuts may not exceed $125,000.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Limitation on applicability.--Section 1001(d) of the Food 
    Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(d)) is amended by striking 
    ``the marketing assistance loan program or the loan deficiency 
    payment program under title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
    Act of 2008'' and inserting ``the forfeiture of a commodity pledged 
    as collateral for a loan made available under subtitle B of title I 
    of the Agricultural Act of 2014''.
        (2) Treatment of federal agencies and state and local 
    governments.--Section 1001(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
    U.S.C. 1308(f)) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``or title XII'' and 
        inserting ``, title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or title 
        XII''; and
            (B) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking ``or title XII'' and 
        inserting ``, title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or title 
        XII''.
        (3) Foreign persons ineligible.--Section 1001C(a) of the Food 
    Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3(a)) is amended by inserting 
    ``title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014,'' after ``2008,''.
    (c) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
beginning with the 2014 crop year.
SEC. 1604. RULEMAKING RELATED TO SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION FOR ACTIVE 
PERSONAL MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Regulations Required.--Within 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate, with an 
opportunity for notice and comment, regulations--
        (1) to define the term ``significant contribution of active 
    personal management'' for purposes of section 1001A of the Food 
    Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-1); and
        (2) if the Secretary determines it is appropriate, to establish 
    limits for varying types of farming operations on the number of 
    individuals who may be considered to be actively engaged in farming 
    with respect to the farming operation when a significant 
    contribution of active personal management is the basis used to 
    meet the requirement of being actively engaged in farming under 
    section 1001A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-1) by 
    an individual or entity.
    (b) Considerations.--In promulgating the regulations required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
        (1) the size, nature, and management requirements of each type 
    of farming operation;
        (2) the changing nature of active personal management due to 
    advancements of farming operations; and
        (3) the degree to which the regulations promulgated pursuant to 
    subsection (a) will adversely impact the long-term viability of the 
    farming operation.
    (c) Family Farms.--The Secretary shall not apply the regulations 
promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) to individuals or entities 
comprised solely of family members (as that term is defined in section 
1001(a)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)(2))).
    (d) Monitoring.--The regulations promulgated pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall include a plan for monitoring the status of compliance 
reviews for whether a person or entity is in compliance with the 
regulations.
    (e) Paperwork Reduction.--In order to conserve Federal resources 
and prevent unnecessary paperwork burdens, the Secretary shall ensure 
that any additional paperwork required as a result of the regulations 
promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) be limited to those persons who 
are subject to such regulations.
    (f) Relation to Other Requirements.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize the Secretary to alter, directly or indirectly, 
existing regulations for other requirements in section 1001A of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-1).
    (g) Effective Date.--The requirements of any regulation promulgated 
pursuant to this section shall apply beginning with the 2015 crop year.
SEC. 1605. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATION.
    (a) Limitations and Covered Benefits.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Limitations'' and 
    inserting ``Limitations on Commodity and Conservation Programs'';
        (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
    following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
    a person or legal entity shall not be eligible to receive any 
    benefit described in paragraph (2) during a crop, fiscal, or 
    program year, as appropriate, if the average adjusted gross income 
    of the person or legal entity exceeds $900,000.
        ``(2) Covered benefits.--Paragraph (1) applies with respect to 
    the following:
            ``(A) A payment or benefit under subtitle A or E of title I 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
            ``(B) A marketing loan gain or loan deficiency payment 
        under subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
            ``(C) Starting with fiscal year 2015, a payment or benefit 
        under title II of the Agricultural Act of 2014, title II of the 
        Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, title II of the 
        Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, or title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985.
            ``(D) A payment or benefit under section 524(b) of the 
        Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(b)).
            ``(E) A payment or benefit under section 196 of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7333).''.
    (b) Updating Definitions.--Paragraph (1) of section 1001D(a) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
        ``(1) Average adjusted gross income.--In this section, the term 
    `average adjusted gross income', with respect to a person or legal 
    entity, means the average of the adjusted gross income or 
    comparable measure of the person or legal entity over the 3 taxable 
    years preceding the most immediately preceding complete taxable 
    year, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (c) Income Determination.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (c); and
        (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
    subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
            (A) by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of''; and
            (B) by striking ``, the average adjusted gross farm income, 
        and the average adjusted gross nonfarm income'';
        (2) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``, average adjusted 
    gross farm income, and average adjusted gross nonfarm income'' both 
    places it appears;
        (3) in subsection (c) (as redesignated by subsection (c)(2) of 
    this section)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, average adjusted 
        gross farm income, and average adjusted gross nonfarm income'' 
        both places it appears; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraphs (1)(C) and 
        (2)(B) of subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; 
        and
        (4) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by subsection (c)(2) of 
    this section)--
            (A) by striking ``paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of 
        subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
            (B) by striking ``, average adjusted gross farm income, or 
        average adjusted gross nonfarm income''.
    (e) Effective Period.--Subsection (e) of section 1001D of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as redesignated by subsection 
(c)(2) of this section, is repealed.
    (f) Limitation on Applicability.--Section 1001(d) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended by inserting before the 
period at the end the following: ``or title I of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014''.
    (g) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect to the 2013 crop, 
fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for each program described in 
paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of subsection (b) of that section (as so 
in effect on that day).
SEC. 1606. GEOGRAPHICALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS.
    Section 1621(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8792(d)) is amended by striking ``each of fiscal years 2009 
through 2012'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2009 and each succeeding 
fiscal year''.
SEC. 1607. PERSONAL LIABILITY OF PRODUCERS FOR DEFICIENCIES.
    Section 164 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7284) is amended by striking ``and title I of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.), and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014''.
SEC. 1608. PREVENTION OF DECEASED INDIVIDUALS RECEIVING PAYMENTS UNDER 
FARM COMMODITY PROGRAMS.
    (a) Reconciliation.--At least twice each year, the Secretary shall 
reconcile Social Security numbers of all individuals who receive 
payments under this title, whether directly or indirectly, with the 
Commissioner of Social Security to determine if the individuals are 
alive.
    (b) Preclusion.--The Secretary shall preclude the issuance of 
payments to, and on behalf of, deceased individuals that were not 
eligible for payments.
SEC. 1609. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
    (a) Missing Punctuation.--Section 359f(c)(1)(B) of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ff(c)(1)(B)) is amended by adding 
a period at the end.
    (b) Erroneous Cross Reference.--
        (1) Amendment.--Section 1603(g) of the Food, Conservation, and 
    Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1739) is amended 
    in paragraphs (2) through (6) and the amendments made by those 
    paragraphs by striking ``1703(a)'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``1603(a)''.
        (2) Effective date.--This subsection and the amendments made by 
    this subsection take effect as if included in the Food, 
    Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 
    1651).
    (c) Continued Applicability of Appropriations General Provision.--
Section 767 of division A of Public Law 108-7 (7 U.S.C. 7911 note; 117 
Stat. 48) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a)'';
        (2) by striking ``sections 1101 and 1102 of Public Law 107-
    171'' and inserting ``subtitle A of title I of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014''; and
        (3) by striking ``such section 1102'' and inserting ``such 
    subtitle''; and
        (4) by striking subsection (b).
SEC. 1610. APPEALS.
    (a) Direction, Control, and Support.--Section 272 of the Department 
of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6992) is amended by 
striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Direction, Control, and Support.--
        ``(1) Direction and control.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Director shall be free from the direction and control of any 
        person other than the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary of 
        Agriculture.
            ``(B) Administrative support.--The Division shall not 
        receive administrative support (except on a reimbursable basis) 
        from any agency other than the Office of the Secretary.
            ``(C) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may not 
        delegate to any other officer or employee of the Department, 
        other than the Deputy Secretary of Agriculture or the Director, 
        the authority of the Secretary with respect to the Division.
        ``(2) Exception.--The Assistant Secretary for Administration is 
    authorized to investigate, enforce, and implement the provisions in 
    law, Executive order, or regulations that relate in general to 
    competitive and excepted service positions and employment within 
    the Division, including the position of Director, and such 
    authority may be further delegated to subordinate officials.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 296(b) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
    ``affect--'' and inserting ``affect:'';
        (2) by striking ``the authority'' each place it appears in 
    paragraphs (1) through (7) and inserting ``The authority'';
        (3) by striking the semicolon at the end of each of paragraphs 
    (1) through (5) and inserting a period;
        (4) in paragraph (6)(C), by striking ``; or'' at the end and 
    inserting a period; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(8) The authority of the Secretary to carry out amendments 
    made to this title by the Agricultural Act of 2014.''.
SEC. 1611. ASSIGNMENT OF PAYMENTS.
    (a) In General.--The provisions of section 8(g) of the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(g)), relating 
to assignment of payments, shall apply to payments made under this 
title.
    (b) Notice.--The producer making the assignment, or the assignee, 
shall provide the Secretary with notice, in such manner as the 
Secretary may require, of any assignment made under this section.
SEC. 1612. TRACKING OF BENEFITS.
    As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary may track the benefits provided, directly or indirectly, to 
individuals and entities under titles I and II and the amendments made 
by those titles.
SEC. 1613. SIGNATURE AUTHORITY.
    (a) In General.--In carrying out this title and title II and 
amendments made by those titles, if the Secretary approves a document, 
the Secretary shall not subsequently determine the document is 
inadequate or invalid because of the lack of authority of any person 
signing the document on behalf of the applicant or any other 
individual, entity, general partnership, or joint venture, or the 
documents relied upon were determined inadequate or invalid, unless the 
person signing the program document knowingly and willfully falsified 
the evidence of signature authority or a signature.
    (b) Affirmation.--
        (1) In general.--Nothing in this section prohibits the 
    Secretary from asking a proper party to affirm any document that 
    otherwise would be considered approved under subsection (a).
        (2) No retroactive effect.--A denial of benefits based on a 
    lack of affirmation under paragraph (1) shall not be retroactive 
    with respect to third-party producers who were not the subject of 
    the erroneous representation of authority, if the third-party 
    producers--
            (A) relied on the prior approval by the Secretary of the 
        documents in good faith; and
            (B) substantively complied with all program requirements.
SEC. 1614. IMPLEMENTATION.
    (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--The Secretary 
shall maintain, for each covered commodity and upland cotton, base 
acres and payment yields on a farm established under sections 1001 and 
1301 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702, 
8751), as adjusted pursuant to sections 1101, 1102, 1108, and 1302 of 
such Act (7 U.S.C. 8711, 8712, 8718, 8752), as in effect on September 
30, 2013.
    (b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title, the Secretary 
shall--
        (1) reduce administrative burdens and costs to producers by 
    streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, and other 
    administrative requirements, including through the implementation 
    of the Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining Initiative that, in 
    part, shall ensure that--
            (A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) may report 
        information, electronically (including geospatial data) or 
        conventionally, to the Department; and
            (B) upon the request of the producer (or agent thereof) the 
        Department of Agriculture electronically shares with the 
        producer (or agent) in real time and without cost to the 
        producer (or agent) the common land unit data, related farm 
        level data, and other information of the producer;
        (2) improve coordination, information sharing, and 
    administrative work with the Farm Service Agency, Risk Management 
    Agency, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service; and
        (3) take advantage of new technologies to enhance efficiency 
    and effectiveness of program delivery to producers.
    (c) Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available to the Farm 
    Service Agency to carry out this title $100,000,000.
        (2) Additional funds.--
            (A) Initial determination.--If, by September 30, 2014, the 
        Secretary notifies the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate that the Farm Service Agency has 
        made substantial progress toward implementing the requirements 
        of subsection (b)(1), the Secretary shall make available to the 
        Farm Service Agency to carry out this title $10,000,000 on 
        October 1, 2014. The amount made available under this 
        subparagraph is in addition to the amount made available under 
        paragraph (1).
            (B) Subsequent determination.--If, by September 30, 2015, 
        the Secretary notifies the Committee on Agriculture of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate that the requirements of 
        subsection (b)(1) have been fully implemented and those 
        Committees provide written concurrence to the Secretary, the 
        Secretary shall make available to the Farm Service Agency to 
        carry out this title $10,000,000 on the date the written 
        concurrence is provided or October 1, 2015, whichever is later. 
        The amount made available under this subparagraph is in 
        addition to the amount made available under paragraph (1) and 
        any amount made available under subparagraph (A).
        (3) Producer education.--
            (A) In general.--Of the funds made available under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide $3,000,000 to State 
        extension services for the purpose of educating farmers and 
        ranchers on the options made available under subtitles A, D, 
        and E of this title and under section 196 of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).
            (B) Web-based decision aids.--
                (i) Use of qualified universities.--Of the funds made 
            available under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall use 
            $3,000,000 to support qualified universities (or 
            university-based organizations) that represent a diversity 
            of regions and commodities (including dairy), possess 
            expertise regarding the programs authorized by this Act, 
            have a history in the development of decision aids and 
            producer outreach initiatives regarding farm risk 
            management programs, and are able to meet the deadline 
            established pursuant to clause (ii) to develop web-based 
            decision aids to assist producers in understanding 
            available options described in subparagraph (A) and to 
            train producers to use these decision aids.
                (ii) Deadlines.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
            Secretary shall--

                    (I) obligate the funds made available under clause 
                (i) within 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this Act; and
                    (II) require the products described in clause (i) 
                to be made available to producers on the internet 
                within a reasonable period of time, as determined by 
                the Secretary, after the implementation of the first 
                rule implementing programs required under subtitle A of 
                this title.

    (d) Loan Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--In any crop year in which an order is issued 
    pursuant 2 U.S.C. 901(a), the Secretary shall use such sums as 
    necessary of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation for such 
    crop year to fully restore the support, loan, or assistance that is 
    otherwise required under subtitles B or C of this title or under 
    the amendments made by subtitles B or C, except with respect to the 
    assistance provided under sections 1207(c) and 1208.
        (2) Repayment.--In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary 
    shall ensure that when a producer repays a loan at a rate equal to 
    the loan rate plus interest in accordance with the repayment 
    provisions of subtitles B or C that the repayment amount shall 
    include the portion of the loan amount provided under paragraph 
    (1), except that this paragraph shall not affect or reduce 
    marketing loan gains, loan deficiency payments, or forfeiture 
    benefits provided for under subtitles B or C and as supplemented in 
    accordance with paragraph (1).
SEC. 1615. RESEARCH OPTION.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 4(m) of the Commodity 
Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b(m)), funds of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation disbursed pursuant to the memorandum of 
understanding between the Government of the United States of America 
and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil regarding a 
fund for technical assistance and capacity building with respect to 
dispute WT/DS 267 in the World Trade Organization may, upon resolution 
of the dispute, be used for research consistent with the conditions 
imposed by subsection (b).
    (b) Conditions.--Research authorized by subsection (a) must be 
conducted in collaboration with research agencies of the United States 
Department of Agriculture or with a college, university, or research 
foundation located in the United States. Such research and 
collaboration shall be subject to the agreement of the parties to the 
resolved dispute described in subsection (a).

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION
                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2001. EXTENSION AND ENROLLMENT REQUIREMENTS OF CONSERVATION 
RESERVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Extension.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the date of enactment of 
    the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' and inserting 
    ``the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraph (3) 
    as paragraph (2);
        (3) by inserting before paragraph (4) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(3) grasslands that--
            ``(A) contain forbs or shrubland (including improved 
        rangeland and pastureland) for which grazing is the predominant 
        use;
            ``(B) are located in an area historically dominated by 
        grasslands; and
            ``(C) could provide habitat for animal and plant 
        populations of significant ecological value if the land is 
        retained in its current use or restored to a natural 
        condition;'';
        (4) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking ``filterstrips devoted to 
    trees or shrubs'' and inserting ``filterstrips or riparian buffers 
    devoted to trees, shrubs, or grasses''; and
        (5) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(5) the portion of land in a field not enrolled in the 
    conservation reserve in a case in which--
            ``(A) more than 50 percent of the land in the field is 
        enrolled as a buffer or filterstrip, or more than 75 percent of 
        the land in the field is enrolled as a conservation practice 
        other than as a buffer or filterstrip; and
            ``(B) the remainder of the field is--
                ``(i) infeasible to farm; and
                ``(ii) enrolled at regular rental rates.''.
    (c) Planting Status of Certain Land.--Section 1231(c) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(c)) is amended by striking ``if'' 
and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting ``if, 
during the crop year, the land was devoted to a conserving use.''.
    (d) Enrollment.--Subsection (d) of section 1231 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Enrollment.--
        ``(1) Maximum acreage enrolled.--The Secretary may maintain in 
    the conservation reserve at any one time during--
            ``(A) fiscal year 2014, no more than 27,500,000 acres;
            ``(B) fiscal year 2015, no more than 26,000,000 acres;
            ``(C) fiscal year 2016, no more than 25,000,000 acres;
            ``(D) fiscal year 2017, no more than 24,000,000 acres; and
            ``(E) fiscal year 2018, no more than 24,000,000 acres.
        ``(2) Grasslands.--
            ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the limitations 
        in paragraph (1), no more than 2,000,000 acres of the land 
        described in subsection (b)(3) may be enrolled in the program 
        at any one time during the 2014 through 2018 fiscal years.
            ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under subparagraph (A), 
        the Secretary may give priority to land with expiring 
        conservation reserve program contracts.
            ``(C) Method of enrollment.--In enrolling acres under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall make the program 
        available to owners or operators of eligible land on a 
        continuous enrollment basis with one or more ranking 
        periods.''.
    (e) Duration of Contract.--Section 1231(e) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(e)) is amended by striking paragraphs (2) and 
(3) and inserting the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Special rule for certain land.--In the case of land 
    devoted to hardwood trees, shelterbelts, windbreaks, or wildlife 
    corridors under a contract entered into under this subchapter, the 
    owner or operator of the land may, within the limitations 
    prescribed under paragraph (1), specify the duration of the 
    contract.''.
    (f) Conservation Priority Areas.--Section 1231(f) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(f)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``watershed areas of the 
    Chesapeake Bay Region, the Great Lakes Region, the Long Island 
    Sound Region, and other'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Watersheds.--Watersheds'' 
    and inserting ``Areas.--Areas''; and
        (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``a watershed's designation--
    '' and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
    ``an area's designation if the Secretary finds that the area no 
    longer contains actual and significant adverse water quality or 
    habitat impacts related to agricultural production activities.''.
SEC. 2002. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.
    (a) Extension.--Section 1231B(a)(1) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(a)(1)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
        (2) by striking ``a program'' and inserting ``a farmable 
    wetland program''.
    (b) Eligible Acreage.--Section 1231B(b)(1)(B) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(1)(B)) is amended by striking ``flow 
from a row crop agriculture drainage system'' and inserting ``surface 
and subsurface flow from row crop agricultural production''.
    (c) Acreage Limitation.--Section 1231B(c)(1)(B) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(c)(1)(B)) is amended by striking 
``1,000,000'' and inserting ``750,000''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--Section 1231B of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b) is amended--
        (1) by striking the heading and inserting the following: 
    ``farmable wetland program''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``section 1234(c)(2)(B)'' 
    and inserting ``section 1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.
SEC. 2003. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.
    (a) Limitation on Harvesting, Grazing, or Commercial Use of 
Forage.--Section 1232(a)(8) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3832(a)(8)) is amended by striking ``except that'' and all that follows 
through the semicolon at the end of the paragraph and inserting 
``except as provided in subsection (b) or (c) of section 1233;''.
    (b) Conservation Plan Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 1232 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Conservation Plans.--The plan referred to in subsection 
(a)(1) shall set forth--
        ``(1) the conservation measures and practices to be carried out 
    by the owner or operator during the term of the contract; and
        ``(2) the commercial use, if any, to be permitted on the land 
    during the term.''.
    (c) Rental Payment Reduction.--Section 1232 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended by striking subsection (d).
SEC. 2004. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.
    Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is 
amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1233. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.
    ``(a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--In return for a contract 
entered into by an owner or operator under the conservation reserve 
program, the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) share the cost of carrying out the conservation measures 
    and practices set forth in the contract for which the Secretary 
    determines that cost sharing is appropriate and in the public 
    interest; and
        ``(2) for a period of years not in excess of the term of the 
    contract, pay an annual rental payment in an amount necessary to 
    compensate for--
            ``(A) the conversion of highly erodible cropland or other 
        eligible lands normally devoted to the production of an 
        agricultural commodity on a farm or ranch to a less intensive 
        use;
            ``(B) the retirement of any base history that the owner or 
        operator agrees to retire permanently; and
            ``(C) the development and management of grasslands for 
        multiple natural resource conservation benefits, including to 
        soil, water, air, and wildlife.
    ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--The Secretary shall permit 
certain activities or commercial uses of land that is subject to a 
contract under the conservation reserve program if those activities or 
uses are consistent with a plan approved by the Secretary and include--
        ``(1) harvesting, grazing, or other commercial use of the 
    forage in response to a drought, flooding, or other emergency, 
    without any reduction in the rental rate;
        ``(2) consistent with the conservation of soil, water quality, 
    and wildlife habitat (including habitat during primary nesting 
    seasons for birds in the area), and in exchange for a reduction of 
    not less than 25 percent in the annual rental rate for the acres 
    covered by the authorized activity, managed harvesting and other 
    commercial use (including the managed harvesting of biomass), 
    except that in permitting those activities, the Secretary, in 
    coordination with the State technical committee--
            ``(A) shall develop appropriate vegetation management 
        requirements; and
            ``(B) shall identify periods during which the activities 
        may be conducted, such that the frequency is at least every 5 
        but not more than once every 3 years;
        ``(3) subject to appropriate restrictions during the nesting 
    season for birds in the local area that are economically 
    significant, in significant decline, or conserved in accordance 
    with Federal or State law, as determined by the Secretary in 
    consultation with the State technical committee, and in exchange 
    for a reduction of not less than 25 percent in the annual rental 
    rate for the acres covered by the authorized activity--
            ``(A) prescribed grazing for the control of invasive 
        species, which may be conducted annually;
            ``(B) routine grazing, except that in permitting such 
        routine grazing, the Secretary, in coordination with the State 
        technical committee--
                ``(i) shall develop appropriate vegetation management 
            requirements and stocking rates for the land that are 
            suitable for continued routine grazing; and
                ``(ii) shall identify the periods during which routine 
            grazing may be conducted, such that the frequency is not 
            more than once every 2 years, taking into consideration 
            regional differences such as--

                    ``(I) climate, soil type, and natural resources;
                    ``(II) the number of years that should be required 
                between routine grazing activities; and
                    ``(III) how often during a year in which routine 
                grazing is permitted that routine grazing should be 
                allowed to occur; and

            ``(C) the installation of wind turbines and associated 
        access, except that in permitting the installation of wind 
        turbines, the Secretary shall determine the number and location 
        of wind turbines that may be installed, taking into account--
                ``(i) the location, size, and other physical 
            characteristics of the land;
                ``(ii) the extent to which the land contains threatened 
            or endangered wildlife and wildlife habitat; and
                ``(iii) the purposes of the conservation reserve 
            program under this subchapter;
        ``(4) the intermittent and seasonal use of vegetative buffer 
    practices incidental to agricultural production on lands adjacent 
    to the buffer such that the permitted use does not destroy the 
    permanent vegetative cover; and
        ``(5) grazing by livestock of a beginning farmer or rancher 
    without any reduction in the rental rate, if the grazing is--
            ``(A) consistent with the conservation of soil, water 
        quality, and wildlife habitat;
            ``(B) subject to appropriate restrictions during the 
        nesting season for birds in the local area that are 
        economically significant, in significant decline, or conserved 
        in accordance with Federal or State law, as determined by the 
        Secretary in consultation with the State technical committee; 
        and
            ``(C) described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph 
        (3).
    ``(c) Authorized Activities on Grasslands.--For eligible land 
described in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall permit the 
following activities:
        ``(1) Common grazing practices, including maintenance and 
    necessary cultural practices, on the land in a manner that is 
    consistent with maintaining the viability of grassland, forb, and 
    shrub species appropriate to that locality.
        ``(2) Haying, mowing, or harvesting for seed production, 
    subject to appropriate restrictions during the nesting season for 
    birds in the local area that are economically significant, in 
    significant decline, or conserved in accordance with Federal or 
    State law, as determined by the Secretary in consultation with the 
    State technical committee.
        ``(3) Fire presuppression, fire-related rehabilitation, and 
    construction of fire breaks.
        ``(4) Grazing-related activities, such as fencing and livestock 
    watering.
    ``(d) Resource Conserving Use.--
        ``(1) In general.--Beginning on the date that is 1 year before 
    the date of termination of a contract under the program, the 
    Secretary shall allow an owner or operator to make conservation and 
    land improvements for economic use that facilitate maintaining 
    protection of enrolled land after expiration of the contract.
        ``(2) Conservation plan.--The Secretary shall require an owner 
    or operator carrying out the activities described in paragraph (1) 
    to develop and implement a conservation plan.
        ``(3) Re-enrollment prohibited.--Land improved under paragraph 
    (1) may not be re-enrolled in the conservation reserve program for 
    5 years after the date of termination of the contract.
        ``(4) Payment reduction.--In the case of an activity carried 
    out under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall reduce the payment 
    otherwise payable under the contract by an amount commensurate with 
    the economic value of the activity.''.
SEC. 2005. PAYMENTS.
    (a) Trees, Windbreaks, Shelterbelts, and Wildlife Corridors.--
Section 1234(b)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3834(b)(3)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(A) Applicability.--This paragraph applies to land 
        devoted to the production of hardwood trees, windbreaks, 
        shelterbelts, or wildlife corridors under a contract entered 
        into under this subchapter after November 28, 1990.''.
    (b) Incentives for Thinning.--Section 1234 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Federal Percentage of''; 
        and
            (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or thinning''; and
                (ii) by amending clause (ii) to read as follows:
                ``(ii) Duration.--The Secretary shall make payments as 
            described in clause (i) for a period of not less than 2 
            years, but not more than 4 years, beginning on the date of 
            the planting of the trees or shrubs.'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as subsections 
    (d) through (h), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Incentive Payments.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make incentive payments to 
    an owner or operator of eligible land in an amount sufficient to 
    encourage proper thinning and other practices to improve the 
    condition of resources, promote forest management, or enhance 
    wildlife habitat on the land.
        ``(2) Limitation.--A payment described in paragraph (1) may not 
    exceed 150 percent of the total cost of thinning and other 
    practices conducted by the owner or operator.''.
    (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or other eligible lands'' 
    after ``highly erodible cropland'' both places it appears;
        (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(2) Methods of determination.--
            ``(A) In general.--The amounts payable to owners or 
        operators in the form of rental payments under contracts 
        entered into under this subchapter may be determined through--
                ``(i) the submission of bids for such contracts by 
            owners and operators in such manner as the Secretary may 
            prescribe; or
                ``(ii) such other means as the Secretary determines are 
            appropriate.
            ``(B) Grasslands.--In the case of eligible land described 
        in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall make annual payments 
        in an amount that is not more than 75 percent of the grazing 
        value of the land covered by the contract.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (5)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``conduct an annual 
        survey'' and inserting ``, not less frequently than once every 
        other year, conduct a survey'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``annual''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Use.--The Secretary may use the estimates derived 
        from the survey conducted under subparagraph (A) relating to 
        dryland cash rental rates as a factor in determining rental 
        rates under this section in a manner determined appropriate by 
        the Secretary.''.
    (d) Payment Schedule.--Subsection (e) of section 1234 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(e) Payment Schedule.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
    section, payments under this subchapter shall be made in cash in 
    such amount and on such time schedule as is agreed on and specified 
    in the contract.
        ``(2) Advance payment.--Payments under this subchapter may be 
    made in advance of determination of performance.''.
    (e) Payment Limitation.--Section 1234(g) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, including rental payments 
    made in the form of in-kind commodities,'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (3); and
        (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (2).
SEC. 2006. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Early Termination by Owner or Operator.--Section 1235(e) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
            (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``During 
        fiscal year 2015, the Secretary''; and
            (B) by striking ``before January 1, 1995,'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) and 
    inserting the following:
            ``(C) Land devoted to hardwood trees.
            ``(D) Wildlife habitat, duck nesting habitat, pollinator 
        habitat, upland bird habitat buffer, wildlife food plots, State 
        acres for wildlife enhancement, shallow water areas for 
        wildlife, and rare and declining habitat.
            ``(E) Farmable wetland and restored wetland.
            ``(F) Land that contains diversions, erosion control 
        structures, flood control structures, contour grass strips, 
        living snow fences, salinity reducing vegetation, cross wind 
        trap strips, and sediment retention structures.
            ``(G) Land located within a federally designated wellhead 
        protection area.
            ``(H) Land that is covered by an easement under the 
        conservation reserve program.
            ``(I) Land located within an average width, according to 
        the applicable Natural Resources Conservation Service field 
        office technical guide, of a perennial stream or permanent 
        water body.
            ``(J) Land enrolled under the conservation reserve 
        enhancement program.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``60 days after the date on 
    which the owner or operator submits the notice required under 
    paragraph (1)(C)'' and inserting ``upon approval by the 
    Secretary''.
    (b) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--Section 
1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(f)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``Duties'' and all that follows through ``a beginning farmer or 
        rancher or'' and inserting ``Transition to covered farmer or 
        rancher.--In the case of a contract modification approved in 
        order to facilitate the transfer of land subject to a contract 
        from a retired farmer or rancher to a beginning farmer or 
        rancher, a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in section 
        2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
        of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))), or a'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting ``, including 
        preparing to plant an agricultural crop'' after 
        ``improvements'';
            (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the farmer or 
        rancher'' and inserting ``the covered farmer or rancher''; and
            (D) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``section 
        1001A(b)(3)(B)'' and inserting ``section 1001''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``requirement of section 
    1231(h)(4)(B)'' and inserting ``option pursuant to section 
    1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.
    (c) Final Year Contract.--Section 1235 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(g) Final Year of Contract.--The Secretary shall not consider an 
owner or operator to be in violation of a term or condition of the 
conservation reserve contract if--
        ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the contract, the 
    land is enrolled in the conservation stewardship program; and
        ``(2) the activity required under the conservation stewardship 
    program pursuant to such enrollment is consistent with this 
    subchapter.
    ``(h) Land Enrolled in Agricultural Conservation Easement 
Program.--The Secretary may terminate or modify a contract entered into 
under this subchapter if eligible land that is subject to such contract 
is transferred into the agricultural conservation easement program 
under subtitle H.''.
SEC. 2007. CONVERSION OF LAND SUBJECT TO CONTRACT TO OTHER CONSERVING 
USES.
    Section 1235A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835a) is 
repealed.
SEC. 2008. EFFECT ON EXISTING CONTRACTS.
    (a) In General.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
amendments made by this subtitle shall not affect the validity or terms 
of any contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) before the date of 
enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to 
be made in connection with the contract.
    (b) Updating of Existing Contracts.--The Secretary shall permit an 
owner or operator of land subject to a contract entered into under 
subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) before the date of 
enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, to update the contract to 
reflect the activities and uses of land under contract permitted under 
the terms and conditions of section 1233(b) of that Act (as amended by 
section 2004), as determined appropriate by the Secretary.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

SEC. 2101. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) Revision of Current Program.--Subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3838d et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

            ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program

``SEC. 1238D. DEFINITIONS.
    ``In this subchapter:
        ``(1) Agricultural operation.--The term `agricultural 
    operation' means all eligible land, whether or not contiguous, that 
    is--
            ``(A) under the effective control of a producer at the time 
        the producer enters into a contract under the program; and
            ``(B) operated with equipment, labor, management, and 
        production or cultivation practices that are substantially 
        separate from other agricultural operations, as determined by 
        the Secretary.
        ``(2) Conservation activities.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `conservation activities' means 
        conservation systems, practices, or management measures.
            ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `conservation activities' 
        includes--
                ``(i) structural measures, vegetative measures, and 
            land management measures, including agriculture drainage 
            management systems, as determined by the Secretary; and
                ``(ii) planning needed to address a priority resource 
            concern.
        ``(3) Conservation stewardship plan.--The term `conservation 
    stewardship plan' means a plan that--
            ``(A) identifies and inventories priority resource 
        concerns;
            ``(B) establishes benchmark data and conservation 
        objectives;
            ``(C) describes conservation activities to be implemented, 
        managed, or improved; and
            ``(D) includes a schedule and evaluation plan for the 
        planning, installation, and management of the new and existing 
        conservation activities.
        ``(4) Eligible land.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means--
                ``(i) private or tribal land on which agricultural 
            commodities, livestock, or forest-related products are 
            produced; and
                ``(ii) lands associated with the land described in 
            clause (i) on which priority resource concerns could be 
            addressed through a contract under the program.
            ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' includes--
                ``(i) cropland;
                ``(ii) grassland;
                ``(iii) rangeland;
                ``(iv) pasture land;
                ``(v) nonindustrial private forest land; and
                ``(vi) other land in agricultural areas (including 
            cropped woodland, marshes, and agricultural land used or 
            capable of being used for the production of livestock), as 
            determined by the Secretary.
        ``(5) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority resource 
    concern' means a natural resource concern or problem, as determined 
    by the Secretary, that--
            ``(A) is identified at the national, State, or local level 
        as a priority for a particular area of a State;
            ``(B) represents a significant concern in a State or 
        region; and
            ``(C) is likely to be addressed successfully through the 
        implementation of conservation activities under this program.
        ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the conservation 
    stewardship program established by this subchapter.
        ``(7) Stewardship threshold.--The term `stewardship threshold' 
    means the level of management required, as determined by the 
    Secretary, to conserve and improve the quality and condition of a 
    natural resource.
``SEC. 1238E. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Establishment and Purpose.--During each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018, the Secretary shall carry out a conservation stewardship 
program to encourage producers to address priority resource concerns 
and improve and conserve the quality and condition of natural resources 
in a comprehensive manner--
        ``(1) by undertaking additional conservation activities; and
        ``(2) by improving, maintaining, and managing existing 
    conservation activities.
    ``(b) Exclusions.--
        ``(1) Land enrolled in other conservation programs.--Subject to 
    paragraph (2), the following land (even if covered by the 
    definition of eligible land) is not eligible for enrollment in the 
    program:
            ``(A) Land enrolled in the conservation reserve program, 
        unless--
                ``(i) the conservation reserve contract will expire at 
            the end of the fiscal year in which the land is to be 
            enrolled in the program; and
                ``(ii) conservation reserve program payments for land 
            enrolled in the program cease before the first program 
            payment is made to the applicant under this subchapter.
            ``(B) Land enrolled in a wetland reserve easement through 
        the agricultural conservation easement program.
            ``(C) Land enrolled in the conservation security program.
        ``(2) Conversion to cropland.--Eligible land used for crop 
    production after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014, that had not been planted, considered to be planted, or 
    devoted to crop production for at least 4 of the 6 years preceding 
    that date shall not be the basis for any payment under the program, 
    unless the land does not meet such requirement because--
            ``(A) the land had previously been enrolled in the 
        conservation reserve program;
            ``(B) the land has been maintained using long-term crop 
        rotation practices, as determined by the Secretary; or
            ``(C) the land is incidental land needed for efficient 
        operation of the farm or ranch, as determined by the Secretary.
``SEC. 1238F. STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS.
    ``(a) Submission of Contract Offers.--To be eligible to participate 
in the conservation stewardship program, a producer shall submit to the 
Secretary a contract offer for the agricultural operation that--
        ``(1) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that 
    the producer, at the time of the contract offer, meets or exceeds 
    the stewardship threshold for at least 2 priority resource 
    concerns; and
        ``(2) would, at a minimum, meet or exceed the stewardship 
    threshold for at least 1 additional priority resource concern by 
    the end of the stewardship contract by--
            ``(A) installing and adopting additional conservation 
        activities; and
            ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing existing 
        conservation activities across the entire agricultural 
        operation in a manner that increases or extends the 
        conservation benefits in place at the time the contract offer 
        is accepted by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Evaluation of Contract Offers.--
        ``(1) Ranking of applications.--In evaluating contract offers 
    submitted under subsection (a), the Secretary shall rank 
    applications based on--
            ``(A) the level of conservation treatment on all applicable 
        priority resource concerns at the time of application;
            ``(B) the degree to which the proposed conservation 
        activities effectively increase conservation performance;
            ``(C) the number of applicable priority resource concerns 
        proposed to be treated to meet or exceed the stewardship 
        threshold by the end of the contract;
            ``(D) the extent to which other priority resource concerns 
        will be addressed to meet or exceed the stewardship threshold 
        by the end of the contract period;
            ``(E) the extent to which the actual and anticipated 
        conservation benefits from the contract are provided at the 
        least cost relative to other similarly beneficial contract 
        offers; and
            ``(F) the extent to which priority resource concerns will 
        be addressed when transitioning from the conservation reserve 
        program to agricultural production.
        ``(2) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not assign a higher 
    priority to any application because the applicant is willing to 
    accept a lower payment than the applicant would otherwise be 
    eligible to receive.
        ``(3) Additional criteria.--The Secretary may develop and use 
    such additional criteria that the Secretary determines are 
    necessary to ensure that national, State, and local priority 
    resource concerns are effectively addressed.
    ``(c) Entering Into Contracts.--After a determination that a 
producer is eligible for the program under subsection (a), and a 
determination that the contract offer ranks sufficiently high under the 
evaluation criteria under subsection (b), the Secretary shall enter 
into a conservation stewardship contract with the producer to enroll 
the eligible land to be covered by the contract.
    ``(d) Contract Provisions.--
        ``(1) Term.--A conservation stewardship contract shall be for a 
    term of 5 years.
        ``(2) Required provisions.--The conservation stewardship 
    contract of a producer shall--
            ``(A) state the amount of the payment the Secretary agrees 
        to make to the producer for each year of the conservation 
        stewardship contract under section 1238G(d);
            ``(B) require the producer--
                ``(i) to implement a conservation stewardship plan that 
            describes the program purposes to be achieved through 1 or 
            more conservation activities;
                ``(ii) to maintain and supply information as required 
            by the Secretary to determine compliance with the 
            conservation stewardship plan and any other requirements of 
            the program; and
                ``(iii) not to conduct any activities on the 
            agricultural operation that would tend to defeat the 
            purposes of the program;
            ``(C) permit all economic uses of the eligible land that--
                ``(i) maintain the agricultural nature of the land; and
                ``(ii) are consistent with the conservation purposes of 
            the conservation stewardship contract;
            ``(D) include a provision to ensure that a producer shall 
        not be considered in violation of the contract for failure to 
        comply with the contract due to circumstances beyond the 
        control of the producer, including a disaster or related 
        condition, as determined by the Secretary;
            ``(E) include provisions requiring that upon the violation 
        of a term or condition of the contract at any time the producer 
        has control of the land--
                ``(i) if the Secretary determines that the violation 
            warrants termination of the contract--

                    ``(I) the producer shall forfeit all rights to 
                receive payments under the contract; and
                    ``(II) the producer shall refund all or a portion 
                of the payments received by the producer under the 
                contract, including any interest on the payments, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or

                ``(ii) if the Secretary determines that the violation 
            does not warrant termination of the contract, the producer 
            shall refund or accept adjustments to the payments provided 
            to the producer, as the Secretary determines to be 
            appropriate;
            ``(F) include provisions in accordance with paragraphs (3) 
        and (4); and
            ``(G) include any additional provisions the Secretary 
        determines are necessary to carry out the program.
        ``(3) Change of interest in land subject to a contract.--
            ``(A) In general.--At the time of application, a producer 
        shall have control of the eligible land to be enrolled in the 
        program. Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a change in 
        the interest of a producer in eligible land covered by a 
        contract under the program shall result in the termination of 
        the contract with regard to that land.
            ``(B) Transfer of duties and rights.--Subparagraph (A) 
        shall not apply if--
                ``(i) within a reasonable period of time (as determined 
            by the Secretary) after the date of the change in the 
            interest in eligible land covered by a contract under the 
            program, the transferee of the land provides written notice 
            to the Secretary that all duties and rights under the 
            contract have been transferred to, and assumed by, the 
            transferee for the portion of the land transferred;
                ``(ii) the transferee meets the eligibility 
            requirements of the program; and
                ``(iii) the Secretary approves the transfer of all 
            duties and rights under the contract.
        ``(4) Modification and termination of contracts.--
            ``(A) Voluntary modification or termination.--The Secretary 
        may modify or terminate a contract with a producer if--
                ``(i) the producer agrees to the modification or 
            termination; and
                ``(ii) the Secretary determines that the modification 
            or termination is in the public interest.
            ``(B) Involuntary termination.--The Secretary may terminate 
        a contract if the Secretary determines that the producer 
        violated the contract.
        ``(5) Repayment.--If a contract is terminated, the Secretary 
    may, consistent with the purposes of the program--
            ``(A) allow the producer to retain payments already 
        received under the contract; or
            ``(B) require repayment, in whole or in part, of payments 
        received and assess liquidated damages.
    ``(e) Contract Renewal.--At the end of the initial 5-year contract 
period, the Secretary may allow the producer to renew the contract for 
1 additional 5-year period if the producer--
        ``(1) demonstrates compliance with the terms of the initial 
    contract;
        ``(2) agrees to adopt and continue to integrate conservation 
    activities across the entire agricultural operation, as determined 
    by the Secretary; and
        ``(3) agrees, by the end of the contract period--
            ``(A) to meet the stewardship threshold of at least 2 
        additional priority resource concerns on the agricultural 
        operation; or
            ``(B) to exceed the stewardship threshold of 2 existing 
        priority resource concerns that are specified by the Secretary 
        in the initial contract.
``SEC. 1238G. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.
    ``(a) In General.--To achieve the conservation goals of a contract 
under the conservation stewardship program, the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) make the program available to eligible producers on a 
    continuous enrollment basis with 1 or more ranking periods, 1 of 
    which shall occur in the first quarter of each fiscal year;
        ``(2) identify not less than 5 priority resource concerns in a 
    particular watershed or other appropriate region or area within a 
    State; and
        ``(3) establish a science-based stewardship threshold for each 
    priority resource concern identified under paragraph (2).
    ``(b) Allocation to States.--The Secretary shall allocate acres to 
States for enrollment, based--
        ``(1) primarily on each State's proportion of eligible land to 
    the total acreage of eligible land in all States; and
        ``(2) also on consideration of--
            ``(A) the extent and magnitude of the conservation needs 
        associated with agricultural production in each State;
            ``(B) the degree to which implementation of the program in 
        the State is, or will be, effective in helping producers 
        address those needs; and
            ``(C) other considerations to achieve equitable geographic 
        distribution of funds, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Acreage Enrollment Limitation.--During the period beginning 
on the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, and ending on 
September 30, 2022, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable--
        ``(1) enroll in the program an additional 10,000,000 acres for 
    each fiscal year; and
        ``(2) manage the program to achieve a national average rate of 
    $18 per acre, which shall include the costs of all financial 
    assistance, technical assistance, and any other expenses associated 
    with enrollment or participation in the program.
    ``(d) Conservation Stewardship Payments.--
        ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
    annual payments under the program to compensate the producer for--
            ``(A) installing and adopting additional conservation 
        activities; and
            ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing conservation 
        activities in place at the agricultural operation of the 
        producer at the time the contract offer is accepted by the 
        Secretary.
        ``(2) Payment amount.--The amount of the annual payment shall 
    be determined by the Secretary and based, to the maximum extent 
    practicable, on the following factors:
            ``(A) Costs incurred by the producer associated with 
        planning, design, materials, installation, labor, management, 
        maintenance, or training.
            ``(B) Income forgone by the producer.
            ``(C) Expected conservation benefits.
            ``(D) The extent to which priority resource concerns will 
        be addressed through the installation and adoption of 
        conservation activities on the agricultural operation.
            ``(E) The level of stewardship in place at the time of 
        application and maintained over the term of the contract.
            ``(F) The degree to which the conservation activities will 
        be integrated across the entire agricultural operation for all 
        applicable priority resource concerns over the term of the 
        contract.
            ``(G) Such other factors as are determined appropriate by 
        the Secretary.
        ``(3) Exclusions.--A payment to a producer under this 
    subsection shall not be provided for--
            ``(A) the design, construction, or maintenance of animal 
        waste storage or treatment facilities or associated waste 
        transport or transfer devices for animal feeding operations; or
            ``(B) conservation activities for which there is no cost 
        incurred or income forgone to the producer.
        ``(4) Delivery of payments.--In making payments under this 
    subsection, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable--
            ``(A) prorate conservation performance over the term of the 
        contract so as to accommodate, to the extent practicable, 
        producers earning equal annual payments in each fiscal year; 
        and
            ``(B) make such payments as soon as practicable after 
        October 1 of each fiscal year for activities carried out in the 
        previous fiscal year.
    ``(e) Supplemental Payments for Resource-Conserving Crop 
Rotations.--
        ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
    additional payments to producers that, in participating in the 
    program, agree to adopt or improve resource-conserving crop 
    rotations to achieve beneficial crop rotations as appropriate for 
    the eligible land of the producers.
        ``(2) Beneficial crop rotations.--The Secretary shall determine 
    whether a resource-conserving crop rotation is a beneficial crop 
    rotation eligible for additional payments under paragraph (1) based 
    on whether the resource-conserving crop rotation is designed to 
    provide natural resource conservation and production benefits.
        ``(3) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a payment 
    described in paragraph (1), a producer shall agree to adopt and 
    maintain beneficial resource-conserving crop rotations for the term 
    of the contract.
        ``(4) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--In this subsection, 
    the term `resource-conserving crop rotation' means a crop rotation 
    that--
            ``(A) includes at least 1 resource-conserving crop (as 
        defined by the Secretary);
            ``(B) reduces erosion;
            ``(C) improves soil fertility and tilth;
            ``(D) interrupts pest cycles; and
            ``(E) in applicable areas, reduces depletion of soil 
        moisture or otherwise reduces the need for irrigation.
    ``(f) Payment Limitations.--A person or legal entity may not 
receive, directly or indirectly, payments under the program that, in 
the aggregate, exceed $200,000 under all contracts entered into during 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018, excluding funding arrangements with 
Indian tribes, regardless of the number of contracts entered into under 
the program by the person or legal entity.
    ``(g) Specialty Crop and Organic Producers.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that outreach and technical assistance are available, and 
program specifications are appropriate to enable specialty crop and 
organic producers to participate in the program.
    ``(h) Coordination With Organic Certification.--The Secretary shall 
establish a transparent means by which producers may initiate organic 
certification under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
6501 et seq.) while participating in a contract under the program.
    ``(i) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
that--
        ``(1) prescribe such other rules as the Secretary determines to 
    be necessary to ensure a fair and reasonable application of the 
    limitations established under subsection (f); and
        ``(2) otherwise enable the Secretary to carry out the 
    program.''.
    (b) Effect on Existing Contracts.--
        (1) In general.--The amendment made by this section shall not 
    affect the validity or terms of any contract entered into by the 
    Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
    subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3838d et seq.) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
    contract.
        (2) Conservation stewardship program.--Funds made available 
    under section 1241(a)(4) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
    U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) (as amended by section 2601(a) of this title) 
    may be used to administer and make payments to program participants 
    that enrolled into contracts during any of fiscal years 2009 
    through 2013.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

SEC. 2201. PURPOSES.
    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C) 
        and, in such subparagraph, by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon; and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) developing and improving wildlife habitat; and'';
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    period; and
        (3) by striking paragraph (5).
SEC. 2202. DEFINITIONS.
    Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraphs (3) 
    through (6) as paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively; and
        (2) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
    ``established under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
    U.S.C. 6501 et seq.)'' after ``national organic program''.
SEC. 2203. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.
    Section 1240B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2014'' and inserting 
    ``2018'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Term.--A contract under the program shall have a term 
    that does not exceed 10 years.'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraphs (A) through 
        (G) and inserting the following:
            ``(A) soil health;
            ``(B) water quality and quantity improvement;
            ``(C) nutrient management;
            ``(D) pest management;
            ``(E) air quality improvement;
            ``(F) wildlife habitat development, including pollinator 
        habitat; or
            ``(G) invasive species management.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), in the matter preceding clause 
            (i), by inserting ``, a veteran farmer or rancher (as 
            defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, 
            Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))),'' 
            before ``or a beginning farmer or rancher''; and
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
            following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Advance payments.--
                ``(i) In general.--Not more than 50 percent of the 
            amount determined under subparagraph (A) may be provided in 
            advance for the purpose of purchasing materials or 
            contracting.
                ``(ii) Return of funds.--If funds provided in advance 
            are not expended during the 90-day period beginning on the 
            date of receipt of the funds, the funds shall be returned 
            within a reasonable timeframe, as determined by the 
            Secretary.'';
        (4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(f) Allocation of Funding.--
        ``(1) Livestock.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 
    at least 60 percent of the funds made available for payments under 
    the program shall be targeted at practices relating to livestock 
    production.
        ``(2) Wildlife habitat.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018, at least 5 percent of the funds made available for payments 
    under the program shall be targeted at practices benefitting 
    wildlife habitat under subsection (g).''; and
        (5) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(g) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide payments under 
    the environmental quality incentives program for conservation 
    practices that support the restoration, development, protection, 
    and improvement of wildlife habitat on eligible land, including--
            ``(A) upland wildlife habitat;
            ``(B) wetland wildlife habitat;
            ``(C) habitat for threatened and endangered species;
            ``(D) fish habitat;
            ``(E) habitat on pivot corners and other irregular areas of 
        a field; and
            ``(F) other types of wildlife habitat, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
        ``(2) State technical committee.--In determining the practices 
    eligible for payment under paragraph (1) and targeted for funding 
    under subsection (f), the Secretary shall consult with the relevant 
    State technical committee not less often than once each year.''.
SEC. 2204. EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS.
    Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-3(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``environmental'' and 
    inserting ``conservation''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``purpose of the 
    environmental quality incentives program specified in section 
    1240(1)'' and inserting ``purposes of the program''.
SEC. 2205. DUTIES OF PRODUCERS.
    Section 1240D(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-4(2)) is amended by striking ``farm, ranch, or forest'' and 
inserting ``enrolled''.
SEC. 2206. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.
    Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-7) 
is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1240G. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.
    ``A person or legal entity may not receive, directly or indirectly, 
cost-share or incentive payments under this chapter that, in aggregate, 
exceed $450,000 for all contracts entered into under this chapter by 
the person or legal entity during the period of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018, regardless of the number of contracts entered into under 
this chapter by the person or legal entity.''.
SEC. 2207. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.
    Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(E) facilitate on-farm conservation research and 
        demonstration activities; and
            ``(F) facilitate pilot testing of new technologies or 
        innovative conservation practices.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) by striking ``$37,500,000'' and inserting 
        ``$25,000,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and every two 
years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives a report on the status of 
projects funded under this section, including--
        ``(1) funding awarded;
        ``(2) project results; and
        ``(3) incorporation of project findings, such as new technology 
    and innovative approaches, into the conservation efforts 
    implemented by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 2208. EFFECT ON EXISTING CONTRACTS.
    The amendments made by this subtitle shall not affect the validity 
or terms of any contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
under chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) before the date of enactment of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
connection with the contract.

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2301. AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Establishment.--Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subtitle:

        ``Subtitle H--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

``SEC. 1265. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an agricultural 
conservation easement program for the conservation of eligible land and 
natural resources through easements or other interests in land.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are to--
        ``(1) combine the purposes and coordinate the functions of the 
    wetlands reserve program established under section 1237, the 
    grassland reserve program established under section 1238N, and the 
    farmland protection program established under section 1238I, as 
    such sections were in effect on the day before the date of 
    enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014;
        ``(2) restore, protect, and enhance wetlands on eligible land;
        ``(3) protect the agricultural use and future viability, and 
    related conservation values, of eligible land by limiting 
    nonagricultural uses of that land; and
        ``(4) protect grazing uses and related conservation values by 
    restoring and conserving eligible land.
``SEC. 1265A. DEFINITIONS.
    ``In this subtitle:
        ``(1) Agricultural land easement.--The term `agricultural land 
    easement' means an easement or other interest in eligible land 
    that--
            ``(A) is conveyed for the purpose of protecting natural 
        resources and the agricultural nature of the land; and
            ``(B) permits the landowner the right to continue 
        agricultural production and related uses subject to an 
        agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the Secretary.
        ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
            ``(A) an agency of State or local government or an Indian 
        tribe (including a farmland protection board or land resource 
        council established under State law); or
            ``(B) an organization that is--
                ``(i) organized for, and at all times since the 
            formation of the organization has been operated principally 
            for, 1 or more of the conservation purposes specified in 
            clause (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 170(h)(4)(A) of 
            the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
                ``(ii) an organization described in section 501(c)(3) 
            of that Code that is exempt from taxation under section 
            501(a) of that Code; or
                ``(iii) described in--

                    ``(I) paragraph (1) or (2) of section 509(a) of 
                that Code; or
                    ``(II) section 509(a)(3) of that Code and is 
                controlled by an organization described in section 
                509(a)(2) of that Code.

        ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means private or 
    tribal land that is--
            ``(A) in the case of an agricultural land easement, 
        agricultural land, including land on a farm or ranch--
                ``(i) that is subject to a pending offer for purchase 
            of an agricultural land easement from an eligible entity;
                ``(ii)(I) that has prime, unique, or other productive 
            soil;
                ``(II) that contains historical or archaeological 
            resources;
                ``(III) the enrollment of which would protect grazing 
            uses and related conservation values by restoring and 
            conserving land; or
                ``(IV) the protection of which will further a State or 
            local policy consistent with the purposes of the program; 
            and
                ``(iii) that is--

                    ``(I) cropland;
                    ``(II) rangeland;
                    ``(III) grassland or land that contains forbs, or 
                shrubland for which grazing is the predominant use;
                    ``(IV) located in an area that has been 
                historically dominated by grassland, forbs, or shrubs 
                and could provide habitat for animal or plant 
                populations of significant ecological value;
                    ``(V) pastureland; or
                    ``(VI) nonindustrial private forest land that 
                contributes to the economic viability of an offered 
                parcel or serves as a buffer to protect such land from 
                development;

            ``(B) in the case of a wetland reserve easement, a wetland 
        or related area, including--
                ``(i) farmed or converted wetlands, together with 
            adjacent land that is functionally dependent on that land, 
            if the Secretary determines it--

                    ``(I) is likely to be successfully restored in a 
                cost-effective manner; and
                    ``(II) will maximize the wildlife benefits and 
                wetland functions and values, as determined by the 
                Secretary in consultation with the Secretary of the 
                Interior at the local level;

                ``(ii) cropland or grassland that was used for 
            agricultural production prior to flooding from the natural 
            overflow of--

                    ``(I) a closed basin lake and adjacent land that is 
                functionally dependent upon it, if the State or other 
                entity is willing to provide 50 percent share of the 
                cost of an easement; or
                    ``(II) a pothole and adjacent land that is 
                functionally dependent on it;

                ``(iii) farmed wetlands and adjoining lands that--

                    ``(I) are enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                program;
                    ``(II) have the highest wetland functions and 
                values, as determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(III) are likely to return to production after 
                they leave the conservation reserve program;

                ``(iv) riparian areas that link wetlands that are 
            protected by easements or some other device that achieves 
            the same purpose as an easement; or
                ``(v) other wetlands of an owner that would not 
            otherwise be eligible, if the Secretary determines that the 
            inclusion of such wetlands in a wetland reserve easement 
            would significantly add to the functional value of the 
            easement; or
            ``(C) in the case of either an agricultural land easement 
        or a wetland reserve easement, other land that is incidental to 
        land described in subparagraph (A) or (B), if the Secretary 
        determines that it is necessary for the efficient 
        administration of an easement under the program.
        ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means the agricultural 
    conservation easement program established by this subtitle.
        ``(5) Wetland reserve easement.--The term `wetland reserve 
    easement' means a reserved interest in eligible land that--
            ``(A) is defined and delineated in a deed; and
            ``(B) stipulates--
                ``(i) the rights, title, and interests in land conveyed 
            to the Secretary; and
                ``(ii) the rights, title, and interests in land that 
            are reserved to the landowner.
``SEC. 1265B. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.
    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall facilitate 
and provide funding for--
        ``(1) the purchase by eligible entities of agricultural land 
    easements in eligible land; and
        ``(2) technical assistance to provide for the conservation of 
    natural resources pursuant to an agricultural land easement plan.
    ``(b) Cost-Share Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall protect the agricultural 
    use, including grazing, and related conservation values of eligible 
    land through cost-share assistance to eligible entities for 
    purchasing agricultural land easements.
        ``(2) Scope of assistance available.--
            ``(A) Federal share.--An agreement described in paragraph 
        (4) shall provide for a Federal share determined by the 
        Secretary of an amount not to exceed 50 percent of the fair 
        market value of the agricultural land easement, as determined 
        by the Secretary using--
                ``(i) the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal 
            Practice;
                ``(ii) an areawide market analysis or survey; or
                ``(iii) another industry-approved method.
            ``(B) Non-federal share.--
                ``(i) In general.--Under the agreement, the eligible 
            entity shall provide a share that is at least equivalent to 
            that provided by the Secretary.
                ``(ii) Source of contribution.--An eligible entity may 
            include as part of its share under clause (i) a charitable 
            donation or qualified conservation contribution (as defined 
            by section 170(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) 
            from the private landowner if the eligible entity 
            contributes its own cash resources in an amount that is at 
            least 50 percent of the amount contributed by the 
            Secretary.
            ``(C) Exception.--
                ``(i) Grasslands.--In the case of grassland of special 
            environmental significance, as determined by the Secretary, 
            the Secretary may provide an amount not to exceed 75 
            percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land 
            easement.
                ``(ii) Cash contribution.--For purposes of subparagraph 
            (B)(ii), the Secretary may waive any portion of the 
            eligible entity cash contribution requirement for projects 
            of special significance, subject to an increase in the 
            private landowner donation that is equal to the amount of 
            the waiver, if the donation is voluntary and the property 
            is in active agricultural production.
        ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--
            ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish evaluation 
        and ranking criteria to maximize the benefit of Federal 
        investment under the program.
            ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing the criteria, the 
        Secretary shall emphasize support for--
                ``(i) protecting agricultural uses and related 
            conservation values of the land; and
                ``(ii) maximizing the protection of areas devoted to 
            agricultural use.
            ``(C) Bidding down.--If the Secretary determines that 2 or 
        more applications for cost-share assistance are comparable in 
        achieving the purpose of the program, the Secretary shall not 
        assign a higher priority to any of those applications solely on 
        the basis of lesser cost to the program.
        ``(4) Agreements with eligible entities.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
        agreements with eligible entities to stipulate the terms and 
        conditions under which the eligible entity is permitted to use 
        cost-share assistance provided under this section.
            ``(B) Length of agreements.--An agreement shall be for a 
        term that is--
                ``(i) in the case of an eligible entity certified under 
            the process described in paragraph (5), a minimum of five 
            years; and
                ``(ii) for all other eligible entities, at least three, 
            but not more than five years.
            ``(C) Minimum terms and conditions.--An eligible entity 
        shall be authorized to use its own terms and conditions for 
        agricultural land easements so long as the Secretary determines 
        such terms and conditions--
                ``(i) are consistent with the purposes of the program;
                ``(ii) permit effective enforcement of the conservation 
            purposes of such easements;
                ``(iii) include a right of enforcement for the 
            Secretary, that may be used only if the terms of the 
            easement are not enforced by the holder of the easement;
                ``(iv) subject the land in which an interest is 
            purchased to an agricultural land easement plan that--

                    ``(I) describes the activities which promote the 
                long-term viability of the land to meet the purposes 
                for which the easement was acquired;
                    ``(II) requires the management of grasslands 
                according to a grasslands management plan; and
                    ``(III) includes a conservation plan, where 
                appropriate, and requires, at the option of the 
                Secretary, the conversion of highly erodible cropland 
                to less intensive uses; and

                ``(v) include a limit on the impervious surfaces to be 
            allowed that is consistent with the agricultural activities 
            to be conducted.
            ``(D) Substitution of qualified projects.--An agreement 
        shall allow, upon mutual agreement of the parties, substitution 
        of qualified projects that are identified at the time of the 
        proposed substitution.
            ``(E) Effect of violation.--If a violation occurs of a term 
        or condition of an agreement under this subsection--
                ``(i) the Secretary may terminate the agreement; and
                ``(ii) the Secretary may require the eligible entity to 
            refund all or part of any payments received by the entity 
            under the program, with interest on the payments as 
            determined appropriate by the Secretary.
        ``(5) Certification of eligible entities.--
            ``(A) Certification process.--The Secretary shall establish 
        a process under which the Secretary may--
                ``(i) directly certify eligible entities that meet 
            established criteria;
                ``(ii) enter into long-term agreements with certified 
            eligible entities; and
                ``(iii) accept proposals for cost-share assistance for 
            the purchase of agricultural land easements throughout the 
            duration of such agreements.
            ``(B) Certification criteria.--In order to be certified, an 
        eligible entity shall demonstrate to the Secretary that the 
        entity will maintain, at a minimum, for the duration of the 
        agreement--
                ``(i) a plan for administering easements that is 
            consistent with the purpose of the program;
                ``(ii) the capacity and resources to monitor and 
            enforce agricultural land easements; and
                ``(iii) policies and procedures to ensure--

                    ``(I) the long-term integrity of agricultural land 
                easements on eligible land;
                    ``(II) timely completion of acquisitions of such 
                easements; and
                    ``(III) timely and complete evaluation and 
                reporting to the Secretary on the use of funds provided 
                under the program.

            ``(C) Review and revision.--
                ``(i) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct a review of 
            eligible entities certified under subparagraph (A) every 
            three years to ensure that such entities are meeting the 
            criteria established under subparagraph (B).
                ``(ii) Revocation.--If the Secretary finds that a 
            certified eligible entity no longer meets the criteria 
            established under subparagraph (B), the Secretary may--

                    ``(I) allow the certified eligible entity a 
                specified period of time, at a minimum 180 days, in 
                which to take such actions as may be necessary to meet 
                the criteria; and
                    ``(II) revoke the certification of the eligible 
                entity, if, after the specified period of time, the 
                certified eligible entity does not meet such criteria.

    ``(c) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll eligible 
land under this section through the use of--
        ``(1) permanent easements; or
        ``(2) easements for the maximum duration allowed under 
    applicable State laws.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide technical 
assistance, if requested, to assist in--
        ``(1) compliance with the terms and conditions of easements; 
    and
        ``(2) implementation of an agricultural land easement plan.
``SEC. 1265C. WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.
    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
assistance to owners of eligible land to restore, protect, and enhance 
wetlands through--
        ``(1) wetland reserve easements and related wetland reserve 
    easement plans; and
        ``(2) technical assistance.
    ``(b) Easements.--
        ``(1) Method of enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll 
    eligible land under this section through the use of--
            ``(A) 30-year easements;
            ``(B) permanent easements;
            ``(C) easements for the maximum duration allowed under 
        applicable State laws; or
            ``(D) as an option for Indian tribes only, 30-year 
        contracts.
        ``(2) Limitations.--
            ``(A) Ineligible land.--The Secretary may not acquire 
        easements on--
                ``(i) land established to trees under the conservation 
            reserve program, except in cases where the Secretary 
            determines it would further the purposes of this section; 
            and
                ``(ii) farmed wetlands or converted wetlands where the 
            conversion was not commenced prior to December 23, 1985.
            ``(B) Changes in ownership.--No wetland reserve easement 
        shall be created on land that has changed ownership during the 
        preceding 24-month period unless--
                ``(i) the new ownership was acquired by will or 
            succession as a result of the death of the previous owner;
                ``(ii)(I) the ownership change occurred because of 
            foreclosure on the land; and
                ``(II) immediately before the foreclosure, the owner of 
            the land exercises a right of redemption from the mortgage 
            holder in accordance with State law; or
                ``(iii) the Secretary determines that the land was 
            acquired under circumstances that give adequate assurances 
            that such land was not acquired for the purposes of placing 
            it in the program.
        ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of offers.--
            ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish evaluation 
        and ranking criteria for offers from landowners under this 
        section to maximize the benefit of Federal investment under the 
        program.
            ``(B) Considerations.--When evaluating offers from 
        landowners, the Secretary may consider--
                ``(i) the conservation benefits of obtaining a wetland 
            reserve easement, including the potential environmental 
            benefits if the land was removed from agricultural 
            production;
                ``(ii) the cost effectiveness of each wetland reserve 
            easement, so as to maximize the environmental benefits per 
            dollar expended;
                ``(iii) whether the landowner or another person is 
            offering to contribute financially to the cost of the 
            wetland reserve easement to leverage Federal funds; and
                ``(iv) such other factors as the Secretary determines 
            are necessary to carry out the purposes of the program.
            ``(C) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority to 
        acquiring wetland reserve easements based on the value of the 
        wetland reserve easement for protecting and enhancing habitat 
        for migratory birds and other wildlife.
        ``(4) Agreement.--To be eligible to place eligible land into 
    the program through a wetland reserve easement, the owner of such 
    land shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary to--
            ``(A) grant an easement on such land to the Secretary;
            ``(B) authorize the implementation of a wetland reserve 
        easement plan developed for the eligible land under subsection 
        (f);
            ``(C) create and record an appropriate deed restriction in 
        accordance with applicable State law to reflect the easement 
        agreed to;
            ``(D) provide a written statement of consent to such 
        easement signed by those holding a security interest in the 
        land;
            ``(E) comply with the terms and conditions of the easement 
        and any related agreements; and
            ``(F) permanently retire any existing base history for the 
        land on which the easement has been obtained.
        ``(5) Terms and conditions of easement.--
            ``(A) In general.--A wetland reserve easement shall include 
        terms and conditions that--
                ``(i) permit--

                    ``(I) repairs, improvements, and inspections on the 
                land that are necessary to maintain existing public 
                drainage systems; and
                    ``(II) owners to control public access on the 
                easement areas while identifying access routes to be 
                used for restoration activities and management and 
                easement monitoring;

                ``(ii) prohibit--

                    ``(I) the alteration of wildlife habitat and other 
                natural features of such land, unless specifically 
                authorized by the Secretary;
                    ``(II) the spraying of such land with chemicals or 
                the mowing of such land, except where such spraying or 
                mowing is authorized by the Secretary or is necessary--

                        ``(aa) to comply with Federal or State noxious 
                    weed control laws;
                        ``(bb) to comply with a Federal or State 
                    emergency pest treatment program; or
                        ``(cc) to meet habitat needs of specific 
                    wildlife species;

                    ``(III) any activities to be carried out on the 
                owner's or successor's land that is immediately 
                adjacent to, and functionally related to, the land that 
                is subject to the easement if such activities will 
                alter, degrade, or otherwise diminish the functional 
                value of the eligible land; and
                    ``(IV) the adoption of any other practice that 
                would tend to defeat the purposes of the program, as 
                determined by the Secretary;

                ``(iii) provide for the efficient and effective 
            establishment of wetland functions and values; and
                ``(iv) include such additional provisions as the 
            Secretary determines are desirable to carry out the program 
            or facilitate the practical administration thereof.
            ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of a term or condition 
        of a wetland reserve easement, the wetland reserve easement 
        shall remain in force and the Secretary may require the owner 
        to refund all or part of any payments received by the owner 
        under the program, with interest on the payments as determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a wetland reserve 
        easement may be used for compatible economic uses, including 
        such activities as hunting and fishing, managed timber harvest, 
        or periodic haying or grazing, if such use is specifically 
        permitted by the wetland reserve easement plan developed for 
        the land under subsection (f) and is consistent with the long-
        term protection and enhancement of the wetland resources for 
        which the easement was established.
            ``(D) Reservation of grazing rights.--The Secretary may 
        include in the terms and conditions of a wetland reserve 
        easement a provision under which the owner reserves grazing 
        rights if--
                ``(i) the Secretary determines that the reservation and 
            use of the grazing rights--

                    ``(I) is compatible with the land subject to the 
                easement;
                    ``(II) is consistent with the historical natural 
                uses of the land and the long-term protection and 
                enhancement goals for which the easement was 
                established; and
                    ``(III) complies with the wetland reserve easement 
                plan developed for the land under subsection (f); and

                ``(ii) the agreement provides for a commensurate 
            reduction in the easement payment to account for the 
            grazing value, as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(6) Compensation.--
            ``(A) Determination.--
                ``(i) Permanent easements.--The Secretary shall pay as 
            compensation for a permanent wetland reserve easement 
            acquired under the program an amount necessary to encourage 
            enrollment in the program, based on the lowest of--

                    ``(I) the fair market value of the land, as 
                determined by the Secretary, using the Uniform 
                Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice or an 
                areawide market analysis or survey;
                    ``(II) the amount corresponding to a geographical 
                cap, as determined by the Secretary in regulations; or
                    ``(III) the offer made by the landowner.

                ``(ii) Other.--Compensation for a 30-year contract or 
            30-year wetland reserve easement shall be not less than 50 
            percent, but not more than 75 percent, of the compensation 
            that would be paid for a permanent wetland reserve 
            easement.
            ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a wetland reserve 
        easement shall be provided by the Secretary in the form of a 
        cash payment, in an amount determined under subparagraph (A).
            ``(C) Payment schedule.--
                ``(i) Easements valued at $500,000 or less.--For 
            wetland reserve easements valued at $500,000 or less, the 
            Secretary may provide payments in not more than 10 annual 
            payments.
                ``(ii) Easements valued at more than $500,000.--For 
            wetland reserve easements valued at more than $500,000, the 
            Secretary may provide payments in at least 5, but not more 
            than 10 annual payments, except that, if the Secretary 
            determines it would further the purposes of the program, 
            the Secretary may make a lump-sum payment for such an 
            easement.
    ``(c) Easement Restoration.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide financial 
    assistance to owners of eligible land to carry out the 
    establishment of conservation measures and practices and protect 
    wetland functions and values, including necessary maintenance 
    activities, as set forth in a wetland reserve easement plan 
    developed for the eligible land under subsection (f).
        ``(2) Payments.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) in the case of a permanent wetland reserve easement, 
        pay an amount that is not less than 75 percent, but not more 
        than 100 percent, of the eligible costs, as determined by the 
        Secretary; and
            ``(B) in the case of a 30-year contract or 30-year wetland 
        reserve easement, pay an amount that is not less than 50 
        percent, but not more than 75 percent, of the eligible costs, 
        as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall assist owners in 
    complying with the terms and conditions of a wetland reserve 
    easement.
        ``(2) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may enter into 1 
    or more contracts with private entities or agreements with a State, 
    nongovernmental organization, or Indian tribe to carry out 
    necessary restoration, enhancement, or maintenance of a wetland 
    reserve easement if the Secretary determines that the contract or 
    agreement will advance the purposes of the program.
    ``(e) Wetland Reserve Enhancement Option.--The Secretary may enter 
into 1 or more agreements with a State (including a political 
subdivision or agency of a State), nongovernmental organization, or 
Indian tribe to carry out a special wetland reserve enhancement option 
that the Secretary determines would advance the purposes of program.
    ``(f) Administration.--
        ``(1) Wetland reserve easement plan.--The Secretary shall 
    develop a wetland reserve easement plan for any eligible land 
    subject to a wetland reserve easement, which shall include 
    practices and activities necessary to restore, protect, enhance, 
    and maintain the enrolled land.
        ``(2) Delegation of easement administration.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may delegate any of the 
        management, monitoring, and enforcement responsibilities of the 
        Secretary under this section to other Federal or State agencies 
        that have the appropriate authority, expertise, and resources 
        necessary to carry out such delegated responsibilities, or to 
        conservation organizations if the Secretary determines the 
        organization has similar expertise and resources.
            ``(B) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not delegate any of 
        the monitoring or enforcement responsibilities under this 
        section to conservation organizations.
        ``(3) Payments.--
            ``(A) Timing of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
        payment for obligations incurred by the Secretary under this 
        section--
                ``(i) with respect to any easement restoration 
            obligation under subsection (c), as soon as possible after 
            the obligation is incurred; and
                ``(ii) with respect to any annual easement payment 
            obligation incurred by the Secretary, as soon as possible 
            after October 1 of each calendar year.
            ``(B) Payments to others.--If an owner who is entitled to a 
        payment under this section dies, becomes incompetent, is 
        otherwise unable to receive such payment, or is succeeded by 
        another person or entity who renders or completes the required 
        performance, the Secretary shall make such payment, in 
        accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary and 
        without regard to any other provision of law, in such manner as 
        the Secretary determines is fair and reasonable in light of all 
        of the circumstances.
    ``(g) Application.--The relevant provisions of this section shall 
also apply to a 30-year contract.
``SEC. 1265D. ADMINISTRATION.
    ``(a) Ineligible Land.--The Secretary may not use program funds for 
the purposes of acquiring an easement on--
        ``(1) lands owned by an agency of the United States, other than 
    land held in trust for Indian tribes;
        ``(2) lands owned in fee title by a State, including an agency 
    or a subdivision of a State, or a unit of local government;
        ``(3) land subject to an easement or deed restriction which, as 
    determined by the Secretary, provides similar protection as would 
    be provided by enrollment in the program; or
        ``(4) lands where the purposes of the program would be 
    undermined due to on-site or off-site conditions, such as risk of 
    hazardous substances, proposed or existing rights of way, 
    infrastructure development, or adjacent land uses.
    ``(b) Priority.--In evaluating applications under the program, the 
Secretary may give priority to land that is currently enrolled in the 
conservation reserve program in a contract that is set to expire within 
1 year and--
        ``(1) in the case of an agricultural land easement, is 
    grassland that would benefit from protection under a long-term 
    easement; and
        ``(2) in the case of a wetland reserve easement, is a wetland 
    or related area with the highest wetland functions and value and is 
    likely to return to production after the land leaves the 
    conservation reserve program.
    ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and Termination.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may subordinate, exchange, 
    modify, or terminate any interest in land, or portion of such 
    interest, administered by the Secretary, either directly or on 
    behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if the 
    Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) it is in the Federal Government's interest to 
        subordinate, exchange, modify, or terminate the interest in 
        land;
            ``(B) the subordination, exchange, modification, or 
        termination action--
                ``(i) will address a compelling public need for which 
            there is no practicable alternative; or
                ``(ii) such action will further the practical 
            administration of the program; and
            ``(C) the subordination, exchange, modification, or 
        termination action will result in comparable conservation value 
        and equivalent or greater economic value to the United States.
        ``(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall work with the owner, 
    and eligible entity if applicable, to address any subordination, 
    exchange, modification, or termination of the interest, or portion 
    of such interest, in land.
        ``(3) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any termination 
    action described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide 
    written notice of such action to the Committee on Agriculture of 
    the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
    ``(d) Land Enrolled in Other Programs.--
        ``(1) Conservation reserve program.--The Secretary may 
    terminate or modify a contract entered into under section 1231(a) 
    if eligible land that is subject to such contract is transferred 
    into the program.
        ``(2) Other.--In accordance with the provisions of subtitle H 
    of title II of the Agricultural Act of 2014, land enrolled in the 
    wetlands reserve program, grassland reserve program, or farmland 
    protection program on the day before the date of enactment of the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014 shall be considered enrolled in the 
    program.
    ``(e) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary may not 
provide assistance under this subtitle to an eligible entity or owner 
of eligible land unless the eligible entity or owner agrees, during the 
crop year for which the assistance is provided--
        ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation requirements under 
    subtitle B; and
        ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection requirements 
    under subtitle C.''.
    (b) Cross Reference; Calculation.--Section 1244 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
            (A);
                (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
            (B); and
                (iii) by striking subparagraph (C);
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(2) the agricultural conservation easement program 
    established under subtitle H; and''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``programs 
            administered under subchapters B and C of chapter 1 of 
            subtitle D'' and inserting ``conservation reserve program 
            established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D 
            and wetland reserve easements under section 1265C''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``an easement 
            acquired under subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle D'' 
            and inserting ``a wetland reserve easement under section 
            1265C'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
        ``(4) Exclusions.--
            ``(A) Shelterbelts and windbreaks.--The limitations 
        established under paragraph (1) shall not apply to cropland 
        that is subject to an easement under subchapter B of chapter 1 
        of subtitle D that is used for the establishment of 
        shelterbelts and windbreaks.
            ``(B) Wet and saturated soils.--For the purposes of 
        enrolling land in a wetland reserve easement under section 
        1265C, the limitations established under paragraph (1) shall 
        not apply to cropland designated by the Secretary with subclass 
        w in the land capability classes IV through VIII because of 
        severe use limitations due to soil saturation or inundation.''; 
        and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) Calculation.--In calculating the percentages described in 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include any acreage that was 
    included in calculations of percentages made under such paragraph, 
    as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014, and that remains enrolled when the 
    calculation is made after that date under paragraph (1).''.

         Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2401. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.
    Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting 
after subtitle H, as added by section 2301, the following new subtitle:

        ``Subtitle I--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

``SEC. 1271. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a regional 
conservation partnership program to implement eligible activities on 
eligible land through--
        ``(1) partnership agreements with eligible partners; and
        ``(2) contracts with producers.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are as follows:
        ``(1) To use covered programs to accomplish purposes and 
    functions similar to those of the following programs, as in effect 
    on the day before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014:
            ``(A) The agricultural water enhancement program 
        established under section 1240I.
            ``(B) The Chesapeake Bay watershed program established 
        under section 1240Q.
            ``(C) The cooperative conservation partnership initiative 
        established under section 1243.
            ``(D) The Great Lakes basin program for soil erosion and 
        sediment control established under section 1240P.
        ``(2) To further the conservation, restoration, and sustainable 
    use of soil, water, wildlife, and related natural resources on 
    eligible land on a regional or watershed scale.
        ``(3) To encourage eligible partners to cooperate with 
    producers in--
            ``(A) meeting or avoiding the need for national, State, and 
        local natural resource regulatory requirements related to 
        production on eligible land; and
            ``(B) implementing projects that will result in the 
        installation and maintenance of eligible activities that affect 
        multiple agricultural or nonindustrial private forest 
        operations on a local, regional, State, or multistate basis.
``SEC. 1271A. DEFINITIONS.
    ``In this subtitle:
        ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means the 
    following:
            ``(A) The agricultural conservation easement program.
            ``(B) The environmental quality incentives program.
            ``(C) The conservation stewardship program.
            ``(D) The healthy forests reserve program established under 
        section 501 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
        U.S.C. 6571).
        ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible activity' means a 
    conservation activity for any of the following:
            ``(A) Water quality restoration or enhancement projects, 
        including nutrient management and sediment reduction.
            ``(B) Water quantity conservation, restoration, or 
        enhancement projects relating to surface water and groundwater 
        resources, including--
                ``(i) the conversion of irrigated cropland to the 
            production of less water-intensive agricultural commodities 
            or dryland farming; or
                ``(ii) irrigation system improvement and irrigation 
            efficiency enhancement.
            ``(C) Drought mitigation.
            ``(D) Flood prevention.
            ``(E) Water retention.
            ``(F) Air quality improvement.
            ``(G) Habitat conservation, restoration, and enhancement.
            ``(H) Erosion control and sediment reduction.
            ``(I) Forest restoration.
            ``(J) Other related activities that the Secretary 
        determines will help achieve conservation benefits.
        ``(3) Eligible land.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means--
                ``(i) land on which agricultural commodities, 
            livestock, or forest-related products are produced; and
                ``(ii) lands associated with the lands described in 
            clause (i).
            ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' includes--
                ``(i) cropland;
                ``(ii) grassland;
                ``(iii) rangeland;
                ``(iv) pastureland;
                ``(v) nonindustrial private forest land; and
                ``(vi) other land incidental to agricultural production 
            (including wetlands and riparian buffers) on which 
            significant natural resource issues could be addressed 
            under the program.
        ``(4) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible partner' means any 
    of the following:
            ``(A) An agricultural or silvicultural producer association 
        or other group of producers.
            ``(B) A State or unit of local government.
            ``(C) An Indian tribe.
            ``(D) A farmer cooperative.
            ``(E) A water district, irrigation district, rural water 
        district or association, or other organization with specific 
        water delivery authority to producers on agricultural land.
            ``(F) A municipal water or wastewater treatment entity.
            ``(G) An institution of higher education.
            ``(H) An organization or entity with an established history 
        of working cooperatively with producers on agricultural land, 
        as determined by the Secretary, to address--
                ``(i) local conservation priorities related to 
            agricultural production, wildlife habitat development, or 
            nonindustrial private forest land management; or
                ``(ii) critical watershed-scale soil erosion, water 
            quality, sediment reduction, or other natural resource 
            issues.
        ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership agreement' 
    means an agreement entered into under section 1271B between the 
    Secretary and an eligible partner.
        ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the regional 
    conservation partnership program established by this subtitle.
``SEC. 1271B. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.
    ``(a) Partnership Agreements Authorized.--The Secretary may enter 
into a partnership agreement with an eligible partner to implement a 
project that will assist producers with installing and maintaining an 
eligible activity on eligible land.
    ``(b) Length.--A partnership agreement shall be for a period not to 
exceed 5 years, except that the Secretary may extend the agreement one 
time for up to 12 months when an extension is necessary to meet the 
objectives of the program.
    ``(c) Duties of Partners.--
        ``(1) In general.--Under a partnership agreement, the eligible 
    partner shall--
            ``(A) define the scope of a project, including--
                ``(i) the eligible activities to be implemented;
                ``(ii) the potential agricultural or nonindustrial 
            private forest land operations affected;
                ``(iii) the local, State, multistate, or other 
            geographic area covered; and
                ``(iv) the planning, outreach, implementation, and 
            assessment to be conducted;
            ``(B) conduct outreach and education to producers for 
        potential participation in the project;
            ``(C) at the request of a producer, act on behalf of a 
        producer participating in the project in applying for 
        assistance under section 1271C;
            ``(D) leverage financial or technical assistance provided 
        by the Secretary with additional funds to help achieve the 
        project objectives;
            ``(E) conduct an assessment of the project's effects; and
            ``(F) at the conclusion of the project, report to the 
        Secretary on its results and funds leveraged.
        ``(2) Contribution.--An eligible partner shall provide a 
    significant portion of the overall costs of the scope of the 
    project that is the subject of the agreement entered into under 
    subsection (a), as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Applications.--
        ``(1) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
    competitive process to select applications for partnership 
    agreements and may assess and rank applications with similar 
    conservation purposes as a group.
        ``(2) Criteria used.--In carrying out the process described in 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make public the criteria used in 
    evaluating applications.
        ``(3) Content.--An application to the Secretary shall include a 
    description of--
            ``(A) the scope of the project, as described in subsection 
        (c)(1)(A);
            ``(B) the plan for monitoring, evaluating, and reporting on 
        progress made toward achieving the project's objectives;
            ``(C) the program resources requested for the project, 
        including the covered programs to be used and estimated funding 
        needed from the Secretary;
            ``(D) each eligible partner collaborating to achieve 
        project objectives, including their roles, responsibilities, 
        capabilities, and financial contribution; and
            ``(E) any other elements the Secretary considers necessary 
        to adequately evaluate and competitively select applications 
        for funding under the program.
        ``(4) Priority to certain applications.--The Secretary may give 
    a higher priority to applications that--
            ``(A) assist producers in meeting or avoiding the need for 
        a natural resource regulatory requirement;
            ``(B) have a high percentage of producers in the area to be 
        covered by the agreement;
            ``(C) significantly leverage non-Federal financial and 
        technical resources and coordinate with other local, State, or 
        national efforts;
            ``(D) deliver high percentages of applied conservation to 
        address conservation priorities or regional, State, or national 
        conservation initiatives;
            ``(E) provide innovation in conservation methods and 
        delivery, including outcome-based performance measures and 
        methods; or
            ``(F) meet other factors that are important for achieving 
        the purposes of the program, as determined by the Secretary.
``SEC. 1271C. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall enter into contracts with 
producers to provide financial and technical assistance to--
        ``(1) producers participating in a project with an eligible 
    partner; or
        ``(2) producers that fit within the scope of a project 
    described in section 1271B or a critical conservation area 
    designated under section 1271F, but who are seeking to implement an 
    eligible activity on eligible land independent of an eligible 
    partner.
    ``(b) Terms and Conditions.--
        ``(1) Consistency with program rules.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B) 
        and paragraph (2), the Secretary shall ensure that the terms 
        and conditions of a contract under this section are consistent 
        with the applicable rules of the covered programs to be used as 
        part of the partnership agreement, as described in the 
        application under section 1271B(d)(3)(C).
            ``(B) Adjustments.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may adjust the rules 
            of a covered program, including--

                    ``(I) operational guidance and requirements for a 
                covered program at the discretion of the Secretary so 
                as to provide a simplified application and evaluation 
                process; and
                    ``(II) nonstatutory, regulatory rules or provisions 
                to better reflect unique local circumstances and 
                purposes if the Secretary determines such adjustments 
                are necessary to achieve the purposes of the covered 
                program.

                ``(ii) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not adjust the 
            application of statutory requirements for a covered 
            program, including requirements governing appeals, payment 
            limits, and conservation compliance.
                ``(iii) Irrigation.--In States where irrigation has not 
            been used significantly for agricultural purposes, as 
            determined by the Secretary, the Secretary shall not limit 
            eligibility under section 1271B or this section on the 
            basis of prior irrigation history.
        ``(2) Alternative funding arrangements.--
            ``(A) In general.--For the purposes of providing assistance 
        for land described in subsection (a) and section 1271F, the 
        Secretary may enter into alternative funding arrangements with 
        a multistate water resource agency or authority if--
                ``(i) the Secretary determines that the goals and 
            objectives of the program will be met by the alternative 
            funding arrangements;
                ``(ii) the agency or authority certifies that the 
            limitations established under this section on agreements 
            with individual producers will not be exceeded; and
                ``(iii) all participating producers meet applicable 
            payment eligibility provisions.
            ``(B) Conditions.--As a condition of receiving funding 
        under subparagraph (A), the multistate water resource agency or 
        authority shall agree--
                ``(i) to submit an annual independent audit to the 
            Secretary that describes the use of funds under this 
            paragraph;
                ``(ii) to provide any data necessary for the Secretary 
            to issue a report on the use of funds under this paragraph; 
            and
                ``(iii) not to use any of the funds provided pursuant 
            to subparagraph (A) for administration or to provide for 
            administrative costs through contracts with another entity.
            ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may enter into not more 
        than 20 alternative funding arrangements under this paragraph.
    ``(c) Payments.--
        ``(1) In general.--In accordance with statutory requirements of 
    the covered programs involved, the Secretary may make payments to a 
    producer in an amount determined by the Secretary to be necessary 
    to achieve the purposes of the program.
        ``(2) Payments to certain producers.--The Secretary may provide 
    payments for a period of 5 years--
            ``(A) to producers participating in a project that 
        addresses water quantity concerns and in an amount sufficient 
        to encourage conversion from irrigated to dryland farming; and
            ``(B) to producers participating in a project that 
        addresses water quality concerns and in an amount sufficient to 
        encourage adoption of conservation practices and systems that 
        improve nutrient management.
        ``(3) Waiver authority.--To assist in the implementation of the 
    program, the Secretary may waive the applicability of the 
    limitation in section 1001D(b)(2) of this Act for participating 
    producers if the Secretary determines that the waiver is necessary 
    to fulfill the objectives of the program.
``SEC. 1271D. FUNDING.
    ``(a) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary shall use $100,000,000 
of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018 to carry out the program.
    ``(b) Duration of Availability.--Funds made available under 
subsection (a) shall remain available until expended.
    ``(c) Additional Funding and Acres.--
        ``(1) In general.--In addition to the funds made available 
    under subsection (a), the Secretary shall reserve 7 percent of the 
    funds and acres made available for a covered program for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018 in order to ensure additional 
    resources are available to carry out this program.
        ``(2) Unused funds and acres.--Any funds or acres reserved 
    under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year from a covered program that 
    are not committed under this program by April 1 of that fiscal year 
    shall be returned for use under the covered program.
    ``(d) Allocation of Funding.--Of the funds and acres made available 
for the program under subsection (a) and reserved for the program under 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall allocate--
        ``(1) 25 percent of the funds and acres to projects based on a 
    State competitive process administered by the State 
    Conservationist, with the advice of the State technical committee 
    established under subtitle G;
        ``(2) 40 percent of the funds and acres to projects based on a 
    national competitive process to be established by the Secretary; 
    and
        ``(3) 35 percent of the funds and acres to projects for 
    critical conservation areas designated under section 1271F.
    ``(e) Limitation on Administrative Expenses.--None of the funds 
made available or reserved for the program may be used to pay for the 
administrative expenses of eligible partners.
``SEC. 1271E. ADMINISTRATION.
    ``(a) Disclosure.--In addition to the criteria used in evaluating 
applications as described in section 1271B(d)(2), the Secretary shall 
make publicly available information on projects selected through the 
competitive process described in section 1271B(d)(1).
    ``(b) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and every two 
years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on the 
status of projects funded under the program, including--
        ``(1) the number and types of eligible partners and producers 
    participating in the partnership agreements selected;
        ``(2) the number of producers receiving assistance;
        ``(3) total funding committed to projects, including from 
    Federal and non-Federal resources; and
        ``(4) a description of how the funds under section 1271C(b)(2) 
    are being administered, including--
            ``(A) any oversight mechanisms that the Secretary has 
        implemented;
            ``(B) the process through which the Secretary is resolving 
        appeals by program participants; and
            ``(C) the means by which the Secretary is tracking 
        adherence to any applicable provisions for payment eligibility.
``SEC. 1271F. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.
    ``(a) In General.--In administering funds under section 
1271D(d)(3), the Secretary shall select applications for partnership 
agreements and producer contracts within critical conservation areas 
designated under this section.
    ``(b) Critical Conservation Area Designations.--
        ``(1) Priority.--In designating critical conservation areas 
    under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to 
    geographical areas based on the degree to which the geographical 
    area--
            ``(A) includes multiple States with significant 
        agricultural production;
            ``(B) is covered by an existing regional, State, 
        binational, or multistate agreement or plan that has 
        established objectives, goals, and work plans and is adopted by 
        a Federal, State, or regional authority;
            ``(C) would benefit from water quality improvement, 
        including through reducing erosion, promoting sediment control, 
        and addressing nutrient management activities affecting large 
        bodies of water of regional, national, or international 
        significance;
            ``(D) would benefit from water quantity improvement, 
        including improvement relating to--
                ``(i) groundwater, surface water, aquifer, or other 
            water sources; or
                ``(ii) a need to promote water retention and flood 
            prevention; or
            ``(E) contains producers that need assistance in meeting or 
        avoiding the need for a natural resource regulatory requirement 
        that could have a negative impact on the economic scope of the 
        agricultural operations within the area.
        ``(2) Expiration.--Critical conservation area designations 
    under this section shall expire after 5 years, subject to 
    redesignation, except that the Secretary may withdraw designation 
    from an area if the Secretary finds the area no longer meets the 
    conditions described in paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary may not designate more than 8 
    geographical areas as critical conservation areas under this 
    section.
    ``(c) Administration.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    Secretary shall administer any partnership agreement or producer 
    contract under this section in a manner that is consistent with the 
    terms of the program.
        ``(2) Relationship to existing activity.--The Secretary shall, 
    to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that eligible activities 
    carried out in critical conservation areas designated under this 
    section complement and are consistent with other Federal and State 
    programs and water quality and quantity strategies.
        ``(3) Additional authority.--For a critical conservation area 
    described in subsection (b)(1)(D), the Secretary may use 
    authorities under the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act 
    (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), other than section 14 of such Act (16 
    U.S.C. 1012), to carry out projects for the purposes of this 
    section.''.

                Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2501. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.
    Section 1240M(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 2502. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.
    Section 1240O(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb-2(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2008 through 2018.
        ``(2) Availability of funds.--In addition to funds made 
    available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation, the Secretary shall use $5,000,000, to remain 
    available until expended.''.
SEC. 2503. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Funding.--Section 1240R(f)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(f)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
    2012'' and inserting ``Mandatory funding''; and
        (2) by inserting ``and $40,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
    years 2014 through 2018'' before the period at the end.
    (b) Report on Program Effectiveness.--Not later than 2 years after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report evaluating the effectiveness of the voluntary public access 
and habitat incentive program established by section 1240R of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5), including--
        (1) identifying cooperating agencies;
        (2) identifying the number of land holdings and total acres 
    enrolled by State;
        (3) evaluating the extent of improved access on eligible land, 
    improved wildlife habitat, and related economic benefits; and
        (4) any other relevant information and data relating to the 
    program that would be helpful to such Committees.
SEC. 2504. AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION EXPERIENCED SERVICES PROGRAM.
    Subsection (c)(2) of section 1252 of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3851) is amended to read as follows:
        ``(2) Exclusion.--Funds made available to carry out the 
    conservation reserve program may not be used to carry out the ACES 
    program.''.
SEC. 2505. SMALL WATERSHED REHABILITATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Availability of Funds.--Section 14(h)(1) of the Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (3) in subparagraph (G), by striking the period and inserting 
    ``; and''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(H) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain 
        available until expended.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)(E)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 2506. EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION PROGRAM.
    Section 403 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Sec. 403. The Secretary'' and inserting the 
    following:
    ``SEC. 403. EMERGENCY MEASURES.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Floodplain Easements.--
        ``(1) Modification and termination.--The Secretary may modify 
    or terminate a floodplain easement administered by the Secretary 
    under this section if--
            ``(A) the current owner agrees to the modification or 
        termination; and
            ``(B) the Secretary determines that the modification or 
        termination--
                ``(i) will address a compelling public need for which 
            there is no practicable alternative; and
                ``(ii) is in the public interest.
        ``(2) Consideration.--
            ``(A) Termination.--As consideration for termination of an 
        easement and associated agreements under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall enter into compensatory arrangements as 
        determined to be appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Modification.--In the case of a modification under 
        paragraph (1)--
                ``(i) as a condition of the modification, the current 
            owner shall enter into a compensatory arrangement (as 
            determined to be appropriate by the Secretary) to incur the 
            costs of modification; and
                ``(ii) the Secretary shall ensure that--

                    ``(I) the modification will not adversely affect 
                the floodplain functions and values for which the 
                easement was acquired;
                    ``(II) any adverse impacts will be mitigated by 
                enrollment and restoration of other land that provides 
                greater floodplain functions and values at no 
                additional cost to the Federal Government; and
                    ``(III) the modification will result in equal or 
                greater environmental and economic values to the United 
                States.''.

SEC. 2507. TERMINAL LAKES.
    Section 2507 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(43 U.S.C. 2211 note; Public Law 107-171) is amended to read as 
follows:
``SEC. 2507. TERMINAL LAKES ASSISTANCE.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means privately 
    owned agricultural land (including land in which a State has a 
    property interest as a result of State water law)--
            ``(A) that a landowner voluntarily agrees to sell to a 
        State; and
            ``(B) which--
                ``(i)(I) is ineligible for enrollment as a wetland 
            reserve easement established under the agricultural 
            conservation easement program under subtitle H of the Food 
            Security Act of 1985;

                    ``(II) is flooded to--

                        ``(aa) an average depth of at least 6.5 feet; 
                    or
                        ``(bb) a level below which the State determines 
                    the management of the water level is beyond the 
                    control of the State or landowner; or

                    ``(III) is inaccessible for agricultural use due to 
                the flooding of adjoining property (such as islands of 
                agricultural land created by flooding);

                ``(ii) is located within a watershed with water rights 
            available for lease or purchase; and
                ``(iii) has been used during at least 5 of the 
            immediately preceding 30 years--

                    ``(I) to produce crops or hay; or
                    ``(II) as livestock pasture or grazing.

        ``(2) Program.--The term `program' means the voluntary land 
    purchase program established under this section.
        ``(3) Terminal lake.--The term `terminal lake' means a lake and 
    its associated riparian and watershed resources that is--
            ``(A) considered flooded because there is no natural outlet 
        for water accumulating in the lake or the associated riparian 
        area such that the watershed and surrounding land is 
        consistently flooded; or
            ``(B) considered terminal because it has no natural outlet 
        and is at risk due to a history of consistent Federal 
        assistance to address critical resource conditions, including 
        insufficient water available to meet the needs of the lake, 
        general uses, and water rights.
    ``(b) Assistance.--The Secretary shall--
        ``(1) provide grants under subsection (c) for the purchase of 
    eligible land impacted by a terminal lake described in subsection 
    (a)(3)(A); and
        ``(2) provide funds to the Secretary of the Interior pursuant 
    to subsection (e)(2) with assistance in accordance with subsection 
    (d) for terminal lakes described in subsection (a)(3)(B).
    ``(c) Land Purchase Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--Using funds provided under subsection 
    (e)(1), the Secretary shall make available land purchase grants to 
    States for the purchase of eligible land in accordance with this 
    subsection.
        ``(2) Implementation.--
            ``(A) Amount.--A land purchase grant shall be in an amount 
        not to exceed the lesser of--
                ``(i) 50 percent of the total purchase price per acre 
            of the eligible land; or
                ``(ii)(I) in the case of eligible land that was used to 
            produce crops or hay, $400 per acre; and

                    ``(II) in the case of eligible land that was 
                pasture or grazing land, $200 per acre.

            ``(B) Determination of purchase price.--A State purchasing 
        eligible land with a land purchase grant shall ensure, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, that the purchase price of such 
        land reflects the value, if any, of other encumbrances on the 
        eligible land to be purchased, including easements and mineral 
        rights.
            ``(C) Cost-share required.--To be eligible to receive a 
        land purchase grant, a State shall provide matching non-Federal 
        funds in an amount equal to 50 percent of the amount described 
        in subparagraph (A), including additional non-Federal funds.
            ``(D) Conditions.--To receive a land purchase grant, a 
        State shall agree--
                ``(i) to ensure that any eligible land purchased is--

                    ``(I) conveyed in fee simple to the State; and
                    ``(II) free from mortgages or other liens at the 
                time title is transferred;

                ``(ii) to maintain ownership of the eligible land in 
            perpetuity;
                ``(iii) to pay (from funds other than grant dollars 
            awarded) any costs associated with the purchase of eligible 
            land under this section, including surveys and legal fees; 
            and
                ``(iv) to keep eligible land in a conserving use, as 
            defined by the Secretary.
            ``(E) Loss of federal benefits.--Eligible land purchased 
        with a grant under this section shall lose eligibility for any 
        benefits under other Federal programs, including--
                ``(i) benefits under title XII of the Food Security Act 
            of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.);
                ``(ii) benefits under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
            U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                ``(iii) covered benefits described in section 1001D(b) 
            of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a).
            ``(F) Prohibition.--Any Federal rights or benefits 
        associated with eligible land prior to purchase by a State may 
        not be transferred to any other land or person in anticipation 
        of or as a result of such purchase.
    ``(d) Water Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, acting 
    through the Commissioner of Reclamation, may use the funds 
    described in subsection (e)(2) to administer and provide financial 
    assistance to carry out this subsection to provide water and 
    assistance to a terminal lake described in subsection (a)(3)(B) 
    through willing sellers or willing participants only--
            ``(A) to lease water;
            ``(B) to purchase land, water appurtenant to the land, and 
        related interests; and
            ``(C) to carry out research, support, and conservation 
        activities for associated fish, wildlife, plant, and habitat 
        resources.
        ``(2) Exclusions.--The Secretary of the Interior may not use 
    this subsection to deliver assistance to the Great Salt Lake in 
    Utah, lakes that are considered dry lakes, or other lakes that do 
    not meet the purposes of this section, as determined by the 
    Secretary of the Interior.
        ``(3) Transitional provision.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        this section, any funds made available before the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 under a provision of 
        law described in subparagraph (B) shall remain available using 
        the provisions of law (including regulations) in effect on the 
        day before the date of enactment of that Act.
            ``(B) Described laws.--The provisions of law described in 
        this section are--
                ``(i) section 2507 of the Farm Security and Rural 
            Investment Act of 2002 (43 U.S.C. 2211 note; Public Law 
            107-171) (as in effect on the day before the date of 
            enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014);
                ``(ii) section 207 of the Energy and Water Development 
            Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law 108-7; 117 Stat. 146);
                ``(iii) section 208 of the Energy and Water Development 
            Appropriations Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-103; 119 Stat. 
            2268, 123 Stat. 2856); and
                ``(iv) section 208 of the Energy and Water Development 
            and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 (Public Law 
            111-85; 123 Stat. 2858, 123 Stat. 2967, 125 Stat. 867).
    ``(e) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out subsection (c) 
    $25,000,000, to remain available until expended.
        ``(2) Commodity credit corporation.--As soon as practicable 
    after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the 
    Secretary shall transfer to the `Bureau of Reclamation--Water and 
    Related Resources' account $150,000,000 from the funds of the 
    Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out subsection (d), to remain 
    available until expended.''.
SEC. 2508. SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION.
    (a) Congressional Policy and Declaration of Purpose.--Section 4 of 
the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2003) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and tribal'' after 
    ``State'' each place it appears; and
        (2) in subsection (c)(2), by inserting ``, tribal,'' after 
    ``State''.
    (b) Continuing Appraisal of Soil, Water, and Related Resources.--
Section 5 of the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 
U.S.C. 2004) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ``and State'' and 
    inserting ``, State, and tribal'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, tribal'' after 
    ``State'' each place it appears; and
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking ``State soil'' and inserting ``State and 
        tribal soil''; and
            (B) by striking ``local'' and inserting ``local, tribal,''.
    (c) Soil and Water Conservation Program.--Section 6(a) of the Soil 
and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2005(a)) is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after ``State'' the first place 
    it appears;
        (2) by inserting ``, tribal'' after ``State'' each other place 
    it appears; and
        (3) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after ``private''.
    (d) Utilization of Available Information and Data.--Section 9 of 
the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2008) 
is amended by inserting ``, tribal'' after ``State''.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2601. FUNDING.
    (a) In General.--Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3841) is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(a) Annual Funding.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 
the Secretary shall use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the following programs under 
this title (including the provision of technical assistance):
        ``(1) The conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
    chapter 1 of subtitle D, including, to the maximum extent 
    practicable--
            ``(A) $10,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018 to provide payments under section 1234(c); and
            ``(B) $33,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018 to carry out section 1235(f) to facilitate the 
        transfer of land subject to contracts from retired or retiring 
        owners and operators to beginning farmers or ranchers and 
        socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers.
        ``(2) The agricultural conservation easement program under 
    subtitle H using to the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(A) $400,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
            ``(B) $425,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
            ``(C) $450,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(D) $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
            ``(E) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.
        ``(3) The conservation security program under subchapter A of 
    chapter 2 of subtitle D, using such sums as are necessary to 
    administer contracts entered into before September 30, 2008.
        ``(4) The conservation stewardship program under subchapter B 
    of chapter 2 of subtitle D.
        ``(5) The environmental quality incentives program under 
    chapter 4 of subtitle D, using, to the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(A) $1,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
            ``(B) $1,600,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
            ``(C) $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(D) $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
            ``(E) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.
    (b) Guaranteed Availability of Funds.--Section 1241 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (h) as subsections 
    (c) through (i), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
    ``(b) Availability of Funds.--Amounts made available by subsection 
(a) for fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall be used by the Secretary 
to carry out the programs specified in such subsection and shall remain 
available until expended.''; and
        (3) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by 
    striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''.
SEC. 2602. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.
    Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is 
amended by striking subsection (c) (as redesignated by section 
2601(b)(1)) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Technical Assistance.--
        ``(1) Availability.--Commodity Credit Corporation funds made 
    available for a fiscal year for each of the programs specified in 
    subsection (a)--
            ``(A) shall be available for the provision of technical 
        assistance for the programs for which funds are made available 
        as necessary to implement the programs effectively;
            ``(B) except for technical assistance for the conservation 
        reserve program under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D, 
        shall be apportioned for the provision of technical assistance 
        in the amount determined by the Secretary, at the sole 
        discretion of the Secretary; and
            ``(C) shall not be available for the provision of technical 
        assistance for conservation programs specified in subsection 
        (a) other than the program for which the funds were made 
        available.
        ``(2) Priority.--
            ``(A) In general.--In the delivery of technical assistance 
        under the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 
        U.S.C. 590a et seq.), the Secretary shall give priority to 
        producers who request technical assistance from the Secretary 
        in order to comply for the first time with the requirements of 
        subtitle B and subtitle C of this title as a result of the 
        amendments made by section 2611 of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014.
            ``(B) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report regarding the extent to 
        which the conservation compliance requirements contained in the 
        amendments made by section 2611 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        apply to and impact specialty crop growers, including national 
        analysis and surveys to determine the extent of specialty crop 
        acreage that includes highly erodible land and wetlands.
        ``(3) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2014, the Secretary 
    shall submit (and update as necessary in subsequent years) to the 
    Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
    Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
    report--
            ``(A) detailing the amount of technical assistance funds 
        requested and apportioned in each program specified in 
        subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year; and
            ``(B) any other data relating to this provision that would 
        be helpful to such Committees.
        ``(4) Compliance report.--Not later than November 1 of each 
    year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
    the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that includes--
            ``(A) a description of the extent to which the requests for 
        highly erodible land conservation and wetland compliance 
        determinations are being addressed in a timely manner;
            ``(B) the total number of requests completed in the 
        previous fiscal year;
            ``(C) the incomplete determinations on record; and
            ``(D) the number of requests that are still outstanding 
        more than 1 year since the date on which the requests were 
        received from the producer.''.
SEC. 2603. REGIONAL EQUITY.
    Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is 
amended by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by section 
2601(b)(1)) and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Regional Equity.--
        ``(1) Equitable distribution.--When determining funding 
    allocations each fiscal year, the Secretary shall, after 
    considering available funding and program demand in each State, 
    provide a distribution of funds for conservation programs under 
    subtitle D (excluding the conservation reserve program under 
    subchapter B of chapter 1), subtitle H, and subtitle I to ensure 
    equitable program participation proportional to historical funding 
    allocations and usage by all States.
        ``(2) Minimum percentage.--In determining the specific funding 
    allocations under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) ensure that during the first quarter of each fiscal 
        year each State has the opportunity to establish that the State 
        can use an aggregate allocation amount of at least 0.6 percent 
        of the funds made available for those conservation programs; 
        and
            ``(B) for each State that can so establish, provide an 
        aggregate amount of at least 0.6 percent of the funds made 
        available for those conservation programs.''.
SEC. 2604. RESERVATION OF FUNDS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO CERTAIN 
FARMERS OR RANCHERS FOR CONSERVATION ACCESS.
    Subsection (h) of section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3841) (as redesignated by section 2601(b)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Preference.--In providing assistance under paragraph (1), 
    the Secretary shall give preference to a veteran farmer or rancher 
    (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, 
    Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))) that 
    qualifies under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1).''.
SEC. 2605. ANNUAL REPORT ON PROGRAM ENROLLMENTS AND ASSISTANCE.
    Subsection (i) of section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3841) (as redesignated by section 2601(b)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``wetlands reserve program'' 
    and inserting ``agricultural conservation easement program'';
        (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and redesignating 
    paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), 
    respectively;
        (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by striking ``agricultural water enhancement program'' 
        and inserting ``regional conservation partnership program''; 
        and
            (B) by striking ``1240I(g)'' and inserting ``1271C(c)(3)''; 
        and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Payments made under the conservation stewardship program.
        ``(6) Exceptions provided by the Secretary under section 
    1265B(b)(2)(C).''.
SEC. 2606. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL CONSERVATION 
PROGRAMS.
    Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2), by adding at the end the following 
    new subparagraph:
            ``(E) Veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 
        2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
        of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).'';
        (2) in subsection (d), by inserting ``, H, and I'' before the 
    period at the end;
        (3) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``country'' and 
        inserting ``county''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (c)(2)(B) or 
        (f)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(2)(A)(ii) or (g)(2)'';
        (4) in subsection (h)(2), by inserting ``, including, to the 
    extent practicable, practices that maximize benefits for honey 
    bees'' after ``pollinators''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(j) Improved Administrative Efficiency and Effectiveness.--In 
administrating a conservation program under this title, the Secretary 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
        ``(1) seek to reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
    producers by streamlining conservation planning and program 
    resources; and
        ``(2) take advantage of new technologies to enhance efficiency 
    and effectiveness.
    ``(k) Relation to Other Payments.--Any payment received by an owner 
or operator under this title, including an easement payment or rental 
payment, shall be in addition to, and not affect, the total amount of 
payments that the owner or operator is otherwise eligible to receive 
under any of the following:
        ``(1) This Act.
        ``(2) The Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.).
        ``(3) The Agricultural Act of 2014.
        ``(4) Any law that succeeds a law specified in paragraph (1), 
    (2), or (3).
    ``(l) Funding for Indian Tribes.--In carrying out the conservation 
stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D and 
the environmental quality incentives program under chapter 4 of 
subtitle D, the Secretary may enter into alternative funding 
arrangements with Indian tribes if the Secretary determines that the 
goals and objectives of the programs will be met by such arrangements, 
and that statutory limitations regarding contracts with individual 
producers will not be exceeded by any tribal member.''.
SEC. 2607. STANDARDS FOR STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.
    Section 1261(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(b)) is amended by striking ``Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, 
the Secretary shall develop'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
review and update as necessary''.
SEC. 2608. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.
    Subtitle E of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:
``SEC. 1246. REGULATIONS.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate such regulations 
as are necessary to implement programs under this title, including such 
regulations as the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure a 
fair and reasonable application of the limitations established under 
section 1244(f).
    ``(b) Rulemaking Procedure.--The promulgation of regulations and 
administration of programs under this title--
        ``(1) shall be carried out without regard to chapter 35 of 
    title 44, United States Code (commonly known as the Paperwork 
    Reduction Act); and
        ``(2) shall be made as an interim rule effective on publication 
    with an opportunity for notice and comment.
    ``(c) Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking.--In promulgating 
regulations under this section, the Secretary shall use the authority 
provided under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.''.
SEC. 2609. WETLANDS MITIGATION.
    Section 1222(k) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3822(k)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(k) Mitigation Banking.--
        ``(1) Mitigation banking program.--
            ``(A) In general.--Using authorities available to the 
        Secretary, the Secretary shall operate a program or work with 
        third parties to establish mitigation banks to assist persons 
        in complying with the provisions of this section while 
        mitigating any loss of wetland values and functions.
            ``(B) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall use $10,000,000, to remain 
        available until expended, to carry out this paragraph.
        ``(2) Applicability.--Subsection (f)(2)(C) shall not apply to 
    this subsection.
        ``(3) Policy and criteria.--The Secretary shall develop the 
    appropriate policy and criteria that will allow willing persons to 
    access existing mitigation banks, under this section or any other 
    authority, that will serve the purposes of this section without 
    requiring the Secretary to hold an easement, in whole or in part, 
    in a mitigation bank.''.
SEC. 2610. LESSER PRAIRIE-CHICKEN CONSERVATION REPORT.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report containing 
the results of a review and analysis of each of the activities 
(including those administered by the Secretary) that pertain to the 
conservation of the lesser prairie-chicken, including the conservation 
reserve program, the environmental quality incentives program, the 
Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative, the Western Association of Fish and 
Wildlife Agencies Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for 
Oil and Gas, and the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 
Lesser Prairie-Chicken Range-Wide Conservation Plan.
    (b) Contents.--The Secretary shall include in the report required 
by this section, at a minimum--
        (1) with respect to each activity described in subsection (a) 
    as it relates to the conservation of the lesser prairie-chicken, 
    findings regarding--
            (A) the cost of the activity to the Federal Government, 
        impacted State governments, and the private sector;
            (B) the conservation effectiveness of the activity; and
            (C) the cost effectiveness of the activity; and
        (2) a ranking of the activities described in subsection (a) 
    based on their relative cost effectiveness.
SEC. 2611. HIGHLY ERODIBLE LAND AND WETLAND CONSERVATION FOR CROP 
INSURANCE.
    (a) Highly Erodible Land Program Ineligibility.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1211(a)(1) of the Food Security Act of 
    1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)(1)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by adding ``or'' at the end; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) any portion of the premium paid by the Federal Crop 
        Insurance Corporation for a policy or plan of insurance under 
        the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), on the 
        condition that if a person is determined to have committed a 
        violation under this subsection during a crop year, 
        ineligibility under this subparagraph shall--
                ``(i) only apply to reinsurance years subsequent to the 
            date of final determination of a violation, including all 
            administrative appeals; and
                ``(ii) not apply to the existing reinsurance year or 
            any reinsurance year prior to the date of final 
            determination;''.
        (2) Exemptions.--Section 1212(a)(2) of the Food Security Act of 
    1985 (16 U.S.C. 3812(a)(2)) is amended--
            (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``(2) If,'' and 
        inserting the following:
        ``(2) Eligibility based on compliance with conservation plan.--
            ``(A) In general.--If,'';
            (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``In carrying'' and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(B) Minimization of documentation.--In carrying''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Crop insurance.--
                ``(i) Operations new to compliance.--Notwithstanding 
            section 1211(a), in the case of a person that is subject to 
            section 1211 for the first time solely due to the amendment 
            made by section 2611(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
            any person who produces an agricultural commodity on the 
            land that is the basis of the payments described in section 
            1211(a)(1)(E) shall have 5 reinsurance years after the date 
            on which such payments become subject to section 1211 to 
            develop and comply with an approved conservation plan so as 
            to maintain eligibility for such payments.
                ``(ii) Existing operations with prior violations.--
            Notwithstanding section 1211(a), in the case of a person 
            that the Secretary determines would have been in violation 
            of section 1211(a) if the person had continued 
            participation in the programs requiring compliance at any 
            time after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
            2014 and is currently in violation of section 1211(a), the 
            person shall have 2 reinsurance years after the date on 
            which the payments described in section 1211(a)(1)(E) 
            become subject to section 1211 to develop and comply with 
            an approved conservation plan, as determined by the 
            Secretary, so as to maintain eligibility for such payments.
                ``(iii) Applicable reinsurance year.--Ineligibility for 
            the payment described in section 1211(a)(1)(E) for a 
            violation under this subparagraph during a crop year 
            shall--

                    ``(I) only apply to reinsurance years subsequent to 
                the date of a final determination of a violation, 
                including all administrative appeals; and
                    ``(II) not apply to the existing reinsurance year 
                or any reinsurance year prior to the date of the final 
                determination.''.

        (3) Crop insurance premium assistance.--Section 1213(d) of the 
    Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3812a(d)) is amended by adding 
    at the end the following:
        ``(4) Crop insurance premium assistance.--For the purpose of 
    determining the eligibility of a person for the payment described 
    in section 1211(a)(1)(E), the Secretary shall apply the procedures 
    described in section 1221(c)(3)(E) and coordinate the certification 
    process so as to avoid duplication or unnecessary paperwork.''.
    (b) Wetland Conservation Program Ineligibility.--Section 1221 of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3821) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
    subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Ineligibility for Crop Insurance Premium Assistance.--
        ``(1) Requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--If a person is determined to have 
        committed a violation under subsection (a) or (d) during a crop 
        year, the person shall be ineligible to receive any payment of 
        any portion of premium paid by the Federal Crop Insurance 
        Corporation for a plan or policy of insurance under the Federal 
        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) pursuant to this 
        subsection.
            ``(B) Applicability.--Ineligibility under this subsection 
        shall--
                ``(i) only apply to reinsurance years subsequent to the 
            date of a final determination of a violation, including all 
            administrative appeals; and
                ``(ii) not apply to the existing reinsurance year or 
            any reinsurance year prior to the date of the final 
            determination.
        ``(2) Conversions.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), 
        ineligibility for crop insurance premium assistance shall apply 
        in accordance with this paragraph.
            ``(B) New conversions.--In the case of a wetland that the 
        Secretary determines was converted after the date of enactment 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014--
                ``(i) the person shall be ineligible to receive crop 
            insurance premium subsidies in subsequent reinsurance years 
            unless the Secretary determines that an exemption pursuant 
            to section 1222 applies; or
                ``(ii) for any violation that the Secretary determines 
            impacts less than 5 acres of an entire farm, the person may 
            pay a contribution in an amount equal to 150 percent of the 
            cost of mitigation, as determined by the Secretary, to the 
            fund described in section 1241(f) for wetland restoration 
            in lieu of ineligibility to receive crop insurance premium 
            assistance.
            ``(C) Prior conversions.--In the case of a wetland that the 
        Secretary determines was converted prior to the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, ineligibility under 
        this subsection shall not apply.
            ``(D) Conversions and new policies or plans of insurance.--
        In the case of an agricultural commodity for which an 
        individual policy or plan of insurance is available for the 
        first time to the person after the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014--
                ``(i) ineligibility shall apply only to conversions 
            that take place after the date on which the policy or plan 
            of insurance first becomes available to the person; and
                ``(ii) the person shall take such steps as the 
            Secretary determines appropriate to mitigate any prior 
            conversion in a timely manner but not to exceed 2 
            reinsurance years.
        ``(3) Limitations.--
            ``(A) Mitigation required.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        this paragraph, a person subject to a final determination, 
        including all administrative appeals, of a violation described 
        in subsection (d) shall have 1 reinsurance year to initiate a 
        mitigation plan to remedy the violation, as determined by the 
        Secretary, before becoming ineligible under this subsection in 
        the following reinsurance year to receive any payment of any 
        portion of the premium paid by the Federal Crop Insurance 
        Corporation for a policy or plan of insurance under the Federal 
        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.).
            ``(B) Persons covered for the first time.--Notwithstanding 
        the requirements of paragraph (1), in the case of a person that 
        is subject to this subsection for the first time solely due to 
        the amendment made by section 2611(b) of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014, the person shall have 2 reinsurance years after the 
        reinsurance year in which a final determination is made, 
        including all administrative appeals, of a violation described 
        in this subsection to take such steps as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate to remedy or mitigate the violation in 
        accordance with this subsection.
            ``(C) Good faith.--If the Secretary determines that a 
        person subject to a final determination, including all 
        administrative appeals, of a violation described in this 
        subsection acted in good faith and without intent to commit a 
        violation described in this subsection as described in section 
        1222(h), the person shall have 2 reinsurance years to take such 
        steps as the Secretary determines appropriate to remedy or 
        mitigate the violation in accordance with this subsection.
            ``(D) Tenant relief.--
                ``(i) In general.--If a tenant is determined to be 
            ineligible for payments and other benefits under this 
            subsection, the Secretary may limit the ineligibility only 
            to the farm that is the basis for the ineligibility 
            determination if the tenant has established, to the 
            satisfaction of the Secretary that--

                    ``(I) the tenant has made a good faith effort to 
                meet the requirements of this section, including 
                enlisting the assistance of the Secretary to obtain a 
                reasonable plan for restoration or mitigation for the 
                farm;
                    ``(II) the landlord on the farm refuses to comply 
                with the plan on the farm; and
                    ``(III) the Secretary determines that the lack of 
                compliance is not a part of a scheme or device to avoid 
                the compliance.

                ``(ii) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
            Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
            and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
            of the Senate an annual report concerning the ineligibility 
            determinations limited during the previous 12-month period 
            under this subparagraph.
            ``(E) Certificate of compliance.--
                ``(i) In general.--Beginning with the first full 
            reinsurance year immediately following the date of 
            enactment of this paragraph, all persons seeking 
            eligibility for the payment of a portion of the premium 
            paid by the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation for a policy 
            or plan of insurance under the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
            (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) shall provide certification of 
            compliance with this section as determined by the 
            Secretary.
                ``(ii) Timely evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate 
            the certification in a timely manner and--

                    ``(I) a person who has properly complied with 
                certification shall be held harmless with regard to 
                eligibility during the period of evaluation; and
                    ``(II) if the Secretary fails to evaluate the 
                certification in a timely manner and the person is 
                subsequently found to be in violation of this 
                subsection, ineligibility shall not apply to the person 
                for that violation.

                ``(iii) Equitable contribution.--

                    ``(I) In general.--If a person fails to notify the 
                Secretary as required and is subsequently found to be 
                in violation of this subsection, the Secretary shall--

                        ``(aa) determine the amount of an equitable 
                    contribution to conservation by the person for the 
                    violation; and
                        ``(bb) deposit the contribution in the fund 
                    described in section 1241(f).

                    ``(II) Limitation.--The contribution shall not 
                exceed the total of the portion of the premium paid by 
                the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation for a policy or 
                plan of insurance for all years the person is 
                determined to have been in violation subsequent to the 
                date on which certification was first required under 
                this subparagraph.

        ``(4) Duties of the secretary.--
            ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall use existing processes and procedures for 
        certifying compliance.
            ``(B) Responsibility.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        agencies of the Department of Agriculture, shall be solely 
        responsible for determining whether a producer is eligible to 
        receive crop insurance premium subsidies in accordance with 
        this subsection.
            ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary shall ensure that no 
        agent, approved insurance provider, or employee or contractor 
        of an agency or approved insurance provider, bears 
        responsibility or liability for the eligibility of an insured 
        producer under this subsection, other than in cases of 
        misrepresentation, fraud, or scheme and device.''.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

SEC. 2701. COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 1230 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3830) is 
repealed.
SEC. 2702. EMERGENCY FORESTRY CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1231A of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831a) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The amendment 
    made by this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
    contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
    under section 1231A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3831a) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
    contract or agreement.
        (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
    carry out the conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
    chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
    1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) to continue to carry out contracts or 
    agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of law 
    and regulation applicable to such contracts or agreements as in 
    existence on the day before the date of enactment of the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2703. WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), subchapter C of 
chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3837 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and easements.--
    The amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
    terms of any contract, agreement, or easement entered into by the 
    Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter C of chapter 1 of 
    subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3837 et seq.) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
    contract, agreement, or easement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837 et seq.), any funds 
        made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry 
        out the wetlands reserve program under that subchapter for 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry 
        out contracts, agreements, or easements referred to in 
        paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including the 
        provision of technical assistance), provided that no such 
        contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase 
        the amount of the payment received.
            (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2301, to continue to carry out contracts, 
        agreements, and easements referred to in paragraph (1) using 
        the provisions of law and regulation applicable to such 
        contracts, agreements, and easements as in existence on the day 
        before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2704. FARMLAND PROTECTION PROGRAM AND FARM VIABILITY PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), subchapter C of 
chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing agreements and easements.--The amendment 
    made by this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
    agreement or easement entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
    under subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
    Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.) before the date 
    of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments 
    required to be made in connection with the agreement or easement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.), any funds 
        made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry 
        out the farmland protection program under that subchapter for 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry 
        out agreements and easements referred to in paragraph (1) that 
        were entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (including the provision of technical 
        assistance).
            (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2301, to continue to carry out agreements and 
        easements referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such agreements and easements 
        as in existence on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2705. GRASSLAND RESERVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), subchapter D of 
chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3838n et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and easements.--
    The amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
    terms of any contract, agreement, or easement entered into by the 
    Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter D of chapter 2 of 
    subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3838n et seq.) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
    contract, agreement, or easement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        subchapter D of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838n et seq.), any funds 
        made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry 
        out the grassland reserve program under that subchapter for 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry 
        out contracts, agreements, or easements referred to in 
        paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including the 
        provision of technical assistance), provided that no such 
        contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase 
        the amount of the payment received.
            (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2301, to continue to carry out contracts, 
        agreements, and easements referred to in paragraph (1) using 
        the provisions of law and regulation applicable to such 
        contracts, agreements, and easements as in existence on the day 
        before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2706. AGRICULTURAL WATER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1240I of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-9) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The amendment 
    made by this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
    contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
    under section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3839aa-9) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
    contract or agreement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839aa-9), any funds made available from the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation to carry out the agricultural water enhancement 
        program under that section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
        shall be made available to carry out contracts and agreements 
        referred to in paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to 
        the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (including the provision of technical assistance).
            (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the regional conservation partnership program under 
        subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2401, to continue to carry out contracts and 
        agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts and agreements 
        as in existence on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2707. WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1240N of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-1) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The amendment 
    made by this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
    contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
    under section 1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3839bb-1) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
    contract or agreement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        section 1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839bb-1), any funds made available from the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation to carry out the wildlife habitat incentive program 
        under that section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be 
        made available to carry out contracts or agreements referred to 
        in paragraph (1) which were entered into prior to the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including the 
        provision of technical assistance).
            (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the environmental quality incentives program under 
        chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) to continue to carry out 
        contracts or agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
        provisions of law and regulation applicable to such contracts 
        or agreements as in existence on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2708. GREAT LAKES BASIN PROGRAM.
    Section 1240P of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-3) 
is repealed.
SEC. 2709. CHESAPEAKE BAY WATERSHED PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1240Q of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-4) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and easements.--
    The amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
    terms of any contract, agreement, or easement entered into by the 
    Secretary of Agriculture under section 1240Q of the Food Security 
    Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-4) before the date of enactment of 
    the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made 
    in connection with the contract, agreement, or easement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        section 1240Q of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839bb-4), any funds made available from the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation to carry out the Chesapeake Bay watershed program 
        under that section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be 
        made available to carry out contracts, agreements, and 
        easements referred to in paragraph (1) that were entered into 
        prior to the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (including the provision of technical assistance).
            (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the regional conservation partnership program under 
        subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2401, to continue to carry out contracts, 
        agreements, and easements referred to in paragraph (1) using 
        the provisions of law and regulation applicable to such 
        contracts, agreements, and easements as in existence on the day 
        before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2710. COOPERATIVE CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE.
    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1243 of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The amendment 
    made by this section shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
    contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
    under section 1243 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3843) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
    or any payments required to be made in connection with the contract 
    or agreement.
        (2) Funding.--
            (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the repeal of 
        section 1243 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843), 
        any funds made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation 
        to carry out the cooperative conservation partnership 
        initiative under that section for fiscal years 2009 through 
        2013 shall be made available to carry out contracts and 
        agreements referred to in paragraph (1) that were entered into 
        prior to the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (including the provision of technical assistance).
            (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the regional conservation partnership program under 
        subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as 
        added by section 2401, to continue to carry out contracts and 
        agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts and agreements 
        as in existence on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2711. ENVIRONMENTAL EASEMENT PROGRAM.
    Chapter 3 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839 et seq.) is repealed.
SEC. 2712. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Applicability.--This section is applicable to activities 
under--
        (1) the wetlands reserve program, the farmland protection 
    program, and the farm viability program being merged into the 
    agricultural conservation easement program under the amendment made 
    by section 2301;
        (2) the wildlife habitat incentive program being merged into 
    the environmental quality incentives program under the amendments 
    made by subtitle C;
        (3) the agricultural water enhancement program, the Chesapeake 
    Bay watershed program, the cooperative conservation partnership 
    initiative, and the Great Lakes basin program being merged into the 
    regional conservation partnership program under the amendment made 
    by section 2401; and
        (4) the grassland reserve program being merged into the 
    conservation reserve program under the amendments made by subtitle 
    A and into the agricultural conservation easement program under the 
    amendment made by section 2301.
    (b) Interim Administration.--Subject to subsection (d), with 
respect to the implementation of the agricultural conservation easement 
program under subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, 
as added by section 2301, the amendments to the environmental quality 
incentives program made by subtitle C, the regional conservation 
partnership program under subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security 
Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, and the amendments to the 
conservation reserve program made by subtitle A, the Secretary shall 
use the regulations in existence as of the day before the date of 
enactment of this Act that are applicable to the wetlands reserve 
program, the grassland reserve program, the farmland protection 
program, the farm viability program, the wildlife habitat incentive 
program, the agricultural water enhancement program, the Chesapeake Bay 
watershed program, the cooperative conservation partnership initiative, 
and the Great Lakes basin program repealed by this subtitle, to the 
extent that the terms and conditions of such regulations are consistent 
with--
        (1) the provisions of the agricultural conservation easement 
    program and the regional conservation partnership program; and
        (2) the amendments to the environmental quality incentives 
    program and the conservation reserve program made by this title.
    (c) Funding.--The Secretary may only use funds authorized in this 
title or in the amendments made by this title for the specific programs 
listed in subsection (b), including any restrictions on the use of 
those funds, for the purposes identified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
subsection (b).
    (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority of the Secretary to 
carry out subsection (b) shall terminate on the date that is 270 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (e) Permanent Administration.--Effective beginning on the 
termination date described in subsection (d), the Secretary shall 
provide technical assistance, financial assistance, and easement 
enrollment in accordance with any final regulations that the Secretary 
considers necessary to carry out this title and the amendments made by 
this title.
SEC. 2713. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 1201(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3801(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``E'' and inserting ``I''.
    (b) Program Ineligibility.--Section 1211(a) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)) is amended by striking ``predominate'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``predominant''.
    (c) Specialty Crop Producers.--Section 1242(i) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(i)) is amended in the header by striking 
``Speciality'' and inserting ``Specialty''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE
                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3001. GENERAL AUTHORITY.
    Section 201 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1721) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``(to 
    be implemented by the Administrator)'' after ``under this title''; 
    and
        (2) by striking paragraph (7) and the second sentence and 
    inserting the following new paragraph:
        ``(7) build resilience to mitigate and prevent food crises and 
    reduce the future need for emergency aid.''.
SEC. 3002. SET-ASIDE FOR SUPPORT FOR ORGANIZATIONS THROUGH WHICH 
NONEMERGENCY ASSISTANCE IS PROVIDED.
    Section 202(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(e)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``13 percent'' and inserting ``20 percent'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``new'' and inserting 
        ``and enhancing'';
            (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D); 
        and
            (E) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraphs:
            ``(B) meeting specific administrative, management, 
        personnel, transportation, storage, and distribution costs for 
        carrying out programs in foreign countries under this title;
            ``(C) implementing income-generating, community 
        development, health, nutrition, cooperative development, 
        agricultural, and other developmental activities within 1 or 
        more recipient countries or within 1 or more countries in the 
        same region; and''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Investment authority.--An eligible organization that 
    receives funds made available under paragraph (1) may invest the 
    funds pending the eligible organization's use of the funds. Any 
    interest earned on such investment may be used for the purposes for 
    which the assistance was provided to the eligible organization 
    without further appropriation by Congress.''.
SEC. 3003. FOOD AID QUALITY.
    Section 202(h) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall use funds made 
    available for fiscal year 2014 and subsequent fiscal years to carry 
    out this title--
            ``(A) to assess the types and quality of agricultural 
        commodities and products donated for food aid;
            ``(B) to adjust products and formulations, including 
        potential introduction of new fortificants and products, as 
        necessary to cost-effectively meet nutrient needs of target 
        populations;
            ``(C) to test prototypes;
            ``(D) to adopt new specifications or improve existing 
        specifications for micronutrient fortified food aid products, 
        based on the latest developments in food and nutrition science, 
        and in coordination with other international partners;
            ``(E) to develop new program guidance to facilitate 
        improved matching of products to purposes having nutritional 
        intent, in coordination with other international partners;
            ``(F) to develop improved guidance for implementing 
        partners on how to address nutritional deficiencies that emerge 
        among recipients for whom food assistance is the sole source of 
        diet in emergency programs that extend beyond 1 year, in 
        coordination with other international partners; and
            ``(G) to evaluate, in appropriate settings and as 
        necessary, the performance and cost-effectiveness of new or 
        modified specialized food products and program approaches 
        designed to meet the nutritional needs of the most vulnerable 
        groups, such as pregnant and lactating mothers, and children 
        under the age of 5.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``fiscal years 2009 through 
    2011'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 3004. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.
    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
SEC. 3005. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.
    (a) Membership.--Section 205(b) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1725(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (6);
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(7) representatives from the United States agricultural 
    processing sector involved in providing agricultural commodities 
    for programs under this Act; and''.
    (b) Consultation.--Section 205(d) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1725(d)) is amended--
        (1) by striking the first sentence and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Consultation in advance of issuance of implementation 
    regulations, handbooks, and guidelines.--Not later than 45 days 
    before a proposed regulation, handbook, or guideline implementing 
    this title, or a proposed significant revision to a regulation, 
    handbook, or guideline implementing this title, becomes final, the 
    Administrator shall provide the proposal to the Group for review 
    and comment.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Consultation regarding food aid quality efforts.--The 
    Administrator shall seek input from and consult with the Group on 
    the implementation of section 202(h).''.
    (c) Reauthorization.--Section 205(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1725(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3006. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.
    (a) Regulations and Guidance.--Section 207(c) of the Food for Peace 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c)) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Guidance'' 
    after ``Regulations'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
    of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Administrator shall issue all 
    regulations and revisions to agency guidance necessary to implement 
    the amendments made to this title by such Act.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and guidance'' after 
    ``develop regulations''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 207(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1726a(f)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(F), by striking ``upgraded'' and inserting 
    ``maintenance of'';
        (2) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4); and
        (3) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs (3) 
    and (4), respectively; and
        (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$22,000,000'' and 
        all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        ``$17,000,000 of the funds made available under this title for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, except for paragraph 
        (2)(F), for which not more than $500,000 shall be made 
        available for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; 
        and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Implementation Reports.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Agency for 
International Development shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committees on Agriculture 
and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report 
describing--
        (1) the implementation of section 207(c) of the Food for Peace 
    Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c));
        (2) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, and audit 
    requirements for programs conducted under title II of such Act (7 
    U.S.C. 1721 et seq.) by an eligible organization that is a 
    nongovernmental organization (as such term is defined in section 
    402 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1732)); and
        (3) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, and audit 
    requirements for such programs by an eligible organization that is 
    an intergovernmental organization, such as the World Food Program 
    or other multilateral organization.
SEC. 3007. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE PREPACKAGED FOODS.
    Section 208(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b(f)) is 
amended by striking ``$8,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 
2012'' and inserting ``$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018''.
SEC. 3008. IMPACT ON LOCAL FARMERS AND ECONOMY AND REPORT ON USE OF 
FUNDS.
    (a) Impact on Local Farmers and Economy.--Section 403(b) of the 
Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``The Secretary or the Administrator, as 
appropriate, shall seek information, as part of the regular proposal 
and submission process, from implementing agencies on the potential 
costs and benefits to the local economy of sales of agricultural 
commodities within the recipient country.''.
    (b) Report on Use of Funds.--Section 403 of the Food for Peace Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1733) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(m) Report on Use of Funds.--
        ``(1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
    of the enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, and annually 
    thereafter, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report 
    that--
            ``(A) specifies the amount of funds (including funds for 
        administrative costs, indirect cost recovery, internal 
        transportation, storage, and handling, and associated 
        distribution costs) provided to each eligible organization that 
        received assistance under this Act in the previous fiscal year;
            ``(B) describes how those funds were used by the eligible 
        organization;
            ``(C) describes the actual rate of return for each 
        commodity made available under this Act, including--
                ``(i) factors that influenced the rate of return; and
                ``(ii) for the commodity, the costs of bagging or 
            further processing, ocean transportation, inland 
            transportation in the recipient country, storage costs, and 
            any other information that the Administrator determines to 
            be necessary; and
            ``(D) for each instance in which a commodity was made 
        available under this Act at a rate of return less than 70 
        percent, describes the reasons for the rate of return realized.
        ``(2) Rate of return described.--For purposes of applying 
    paragraph (1)(C), the rate of return for a commodity shall be equal 
    to the proportion that--
            ``(A) the proceeds the implementing partners generate 
        through monetization; bears to
            ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure and 
        ship the commodity to a recipient country for monetization.''.
SEC. 3009. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.
    Section 407(c)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736a(c)(4)) 
is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (B) by striking ``for each such fiscal year not more than 
        $10,000,000 of such funds'' and inserting ``for each of fiscal 
        years 2001 through 2013 not more than $10,000,000 of such funds 
        and for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 not more than 
        $15,000,000 of such funds''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following 
    new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Additional prepositioning sites.--The Administrator 
        may establish additional sites for prepositioning in foreign 
        countries or change the location of current sites for 
        prepositioning in foreign countries after conducting, and based 
        on the results of, assessments of need, the availability of 
        appropriate technology for long-term storage, feasibility, and 
        cost.''.
SEC. 3010. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.
    Section 407(f)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736a(f)(1)) 
is amended--
        (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``agricultural 
    trade'' and inserting ``food aid'';
        (2) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by inserting before the semicolon 
    at the end the following: ``and the total number of beneficiaries 
    of the project and the activities carried out through such 
    project''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (B)(iii)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by inserting ``, 
        and the total number of beneficiaries in,'' after ``commodities 
        made available to'';
            (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of subclause (I);
            (C) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subclause (II); and
            (D) by inserting after subclause (II) the following new 
        subclause:

                    ``(III) the McGovern-Dole International Food for 
                Education and Child Nutrition Program established by 
                section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
                Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1);''.

SEC. 3011. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
ASSISTANCE.
    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is amended 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3012. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.
    Subsection (e) of section 412 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), of the amounts 
    made available to carry out emergency and nonemergency food 
    assistance programs under title II, not less than 20 nor more than 
    30 percent for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall be 
    expended for nonemergency food assistance programs under title II.
        ``(2) Minimum level.--The amount made available to carry out 
    nonemergency food assistance programs under title II shall not be 
    less than $350,000,000 for any fiscal year.''.
SEC. 3013. MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Elimination of Obsolete Reference to Study.--Section 
415(a)(2)(B) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-2(a)(2)(B)) is 
amended by striking ``, using recommendations'' and all that follows 
through ``quality enhancements''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736g-2(c)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3014. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.
    (a) Funding and Reauthorization of Program.--Section 501 of the 
Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2013, and not less than the 
    greater of $15,000,000 or 0.6 percent of the amounts made available 
    for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018,''; and
        (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 270 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to Congress a report that contains--
        (1) a review of the John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-
    Farmer Program authorized by section 501 of the Food for Peace Act 
    (7 U.S.C. 1737); and
        (2) recommendations relating to actions that the Comptroller 
    General determines to be necessary to improve the monitoring and 
    evaluation of assistance provided under such program.
SEC. 3015. COORDINATION OF FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS REPORT.
    Section 413 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--To the maximum'' and 
    inserting ``To the maximum''; and
        (2) by striking subsection (b).

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3101. EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM.
    (a) Short-Term Credit Guarantees.--Section 202 of the Agricultural 
Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5622) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``3-year'' and inserting 
    ``24-month'';
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``country'' and inserting 
    ``obligor'';
        (3) by striking subsection (i);
        (4) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as subsections (i) 
    and (j), respectfully; and
        (5) in subsection (j)(2) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B);
            (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (E) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (C), respectfully;
            (C) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``and'' at the end;
            (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated)--
                (i) by striking ``, but do not exceed,''; and
                (ii) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
            ``; and''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) notwithstanding any other provision of this section, 
        administer and carry out (only after consulting with the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry of the 
        Senate) the program pursuant to such terms as may be agreed 
        between the parties to address the World Trade Organization 
        dispute WTO/DS267 to the extent not superseded by any 
        applicable international undertakings on officially supported 
        export credits to which the United States is a party.''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (b) of section 211 of the Agricultural 
Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Export Credit Guarantee Program.--The Commodity Credit 
Corporation shall make available for each fiscal year $5,500,000,000 of 
credit guarantees under section 202(a).''.
SEC. 3102. FUNDING FOR MARKET ACCESS PROGRAM.
    Section 211(c)(1)(A) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
U.S.C. 5641(c)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 3103. FOREIGN MARKET DEVELOPMENT COOPERATOR PROGRAM.
    Section 703(a) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
5723(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3201. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.
    (a) Extension.--The Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018'';
        (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018'';
        (3) in subsection (k), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (4) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
    (b) Repeal of Completed Project.--Subsection (f) of the Food for 
Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) is amended by striking paragraph 
(6).
SEC. 3202. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.
    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f-1) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2012'' both 
    places it appears and inserting ``2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' both places it 
    appears and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3203. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.
    (a) Direct Credits or Export Credit Guarantees.--Section 1542(a) of 
the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 
101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Development of Agricultural Systems.--Section 1542(d)(1)(A)(i) 
of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public 
Law 101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3204. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
NUTRITION PROGRAM.
    (a) Reauthorization.--Section 3107(l)(2) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(l)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 3107(d) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(d)) is amended by 
striking ``to'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1).
SEC. 3205. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SPECIALTY CROPS.
    (a) Purpose.--Section 3205(b) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(b)) is amended by striking 
``related barriers to trade'' and inserting ``technical barriers to 
trade''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 3205(e)(2) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(e)(2)) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C); and
        (2) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E) and inserting the 
    following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 
        2018.''.
    (c) U.S. Atlantic Spiny Dogfish Study.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
conduct an economic study on the existing market in the United States 
for U.S. Atlantic Spiny Dogfish.
SEC. 3206. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.
    Section 3202(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 22 U.S.C. 2220a note) is amended by striking 
``2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 3207. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.
    Section 3206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 1726c) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``(b) Study; Field-Based Projects.--'' and 
        all that follows through ``(2) Field-based projects.--'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(b) Field-Based Projects.--'';
            (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (C) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``subparagraph (B)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)''; and
            (D) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``subparagraph (A)'' and inserting ``paragraph (1)'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
    inserting ``subsection (b)'';
        (3) by striking subsections (d), (f), and (g);
        (4) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
        (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                (ii) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by striking ``(A) Application.--'' and all that 
                follows through ``To be eligible'' in clause (i) and 
                inserting the following:

            ``(A) In general.--To be eligible'';

                    (II) by redesignating clause (ii) as subparagraph 
                (B) and indenting appropriately; and
                    (III) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``clause (i)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
                (A)''; and

            (B) by striking paragraph (4); and
        (6) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this section $80,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(2) Preference.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
    may give a preference to eligible organizations that have, or are 
    working toward, projects under the McGovern-Dole International Food 
    for Education and Child Nutrition Program established under section 
    3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
    U.S.C. 1736o-1).
        ``(3) Reporting.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report that describes the use 
    of funds under this section, including--
            ``(A) the impact of procurements and projects on--
                ``(i) local and regional agricultural producers; and
                ``(ii) markets and consumers, including low-income 
            consumers; and
            ``(B) implementation time frames and costs.''.
SEC. 3208. UNDER SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE FOR TRADE AND FOREIGN 
AGRICULTURAL AFFAIRS.
    (a) Definition of Agriculture Committees and Subcommittees.--In 
this section, the term ``agriculture committees and subcommittees'' 
means--
        (1) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
    Representatives;
        (2) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
    the Senate; and
        (3) the subcommittees on agriculture, rural development, food 
    and drug administration, and related agencies of the Committees on 
    Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
    (b) Proposal.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
    agriculture committees and subcommittees, shall propose a 
    reorganization of international trade functions for imports and 
    exports of the Department of Agriculture.
        (2) Considerations.--In producing the proposal under this 
    section, the Secretary shall--
            (A) in recognition of the importance of agricultural 
        exports to the farm economy and the economy as a whole, include 
        a plan for the establishment of an Under Secretary of 
        Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs;
            (B) take into consideration how the Under Secretary 
        described in subparagraph (A) would serve as a multiagency 
        coordinator of sanitary and phytosanitary issues and nontariff 
        trade barriers in agriculture with respect to imports and 
        exports of agricultural products; and
            (C) take into consideration all implications of a 
        reorganization described in paragraph (1) on domestic programs 
        and operations of the Department of Agriculture.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act and before the reorganization described in 
    paragraph (1) can take effect, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    agriculture committees and subcommittees a report that--
            (A) includes the results of the proposal under this 
        section; and
            (B) provides a notice of the reorganization plan.
        (4) Implementation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    the submission of the report under paragraph (3), the Secretary 
    shall implement a reorganization of international trade functions 
    for imports and exports of the Department of Agriculture, including 
    the establishment of an Under Secretary of Agriculture for Trade 
    and Foreign Agricultural Affairs.
    (c) Confirmation Required.--The position of Under Secretary of 
Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs established 
under subsection (b)(2)(A) shall be appointed by the President, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION
         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. PREVENTING PAYMENT OF CASH TO RECIPIENTS OF SUPPLEMENTAL 
NUTRITION ASSISTANCE BENEFITS FOR THE RETURN OF EMPTY BOTTLES AND CANS 
USED TO CONTAIN FOOD PURCHASED WITH BENEFITS PROVIDED UNDER THE 
PROGRAM.
    Section 3(k)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2012(k)(1)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``and hot foods'' and inserting ``hot foods''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following: ``and any deposit fee 
    in excess of the amount of the State fee reimbursement (if any) 
    required to purchase any food or food product contained in a 
    returnable bottle or can, regardless of whether the fee is included 
    in the shelf price posted for the food or food product,''.
SEC. 4002. RETAIL FOOD STORES.
    (a) Definition of Retail Food Store.--Section 3(p)(1)(A) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(1)(A)) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``at least 7'' after ``a variety of''; and
        (2) by striking ``at least 2'' and inserting ``at least 3''.
    (b) Alternative Benefit Delivery.--Section 7(f) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Imposition of costs.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the Secretary shall require participating retail food stores 
        (including restaurants participating in a State option 
        restaurant program intended to serve the elderly, disabled, and 
        homeless) to pay 100 percent of the costs of acquiring, and 
        arrange for the implementation of, electronic benefit transfer 
        point-of-sale equipment and supplies, including related 
        services.
            ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt from 
        subparagraph (A)--
                ``(i) farmers' markets and other direct-to-consumer 
            markets, military commissaries, nonprofit food buying 
            cooperatives, and establishments, organizations, programs, 
            or group living arrangements described in paragraphs (5), 
            (7), and (8) of section 3(k); and
                ``(ii) establishments described in paragraphs (3), (4), 
            and (9) of section 3(k), other than restaurants 
            participating in a State option restaurant program.
            ``(C) Interchange fees.--Nothing in this paragraph permits 
        the charging of fees relating to the redemption of supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program benefits, in accordance with 
        subsection (h)(13).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Termination of manual vouchers.--
            ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning on the date of 
        enactment of this paragraph, except as provided in subparagraph 
        (B), no State shall issue manual vouchers to a household that 
        receives supplemental nutrition assistance under this Act or 
        allow retail food stores to accept manual vouchers as payment, 
        unless the Secretary determines that the manual vouchers are 
        necessary, such as in the event of an electronic benefit 
        transfer system failure or a disaster situation.
            ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt categories of 
        retail food stores or individual retail food stores from 
        subparagraph (A) based on criteria established by the 
        Secretary.
        ``(5) Unique identification number required.--
            ``(A) In general.--To enhance the anti-fraud protections of 
        the program, the Secretary shall require all parties providing 
        electronic benefit transfer services to provide for and 
        maintain unique terminal identification number information 
        through the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        electronic benefit transfer transaction routing system.
            ``(B) Regulations.--
                ``(i) In general.--Not earlier than 2 years after the 
            date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
            issue proposed regulations to carry out this paragraph.
                ``(ii) Commercial practices.--In issuing regulations to 
            carry out this paragraph, the Secretary shall consider 
            existing commercial practices for other point-of-sale debit 
            transactions.''.
    (c) Electronic Benefit Transfer Auditability.--Section 7(h)(2)(C) 
of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(2)(C)) is 
amended by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following:
                ``(ii) unless determined by the Secretary to be located 
            in an area with significantly limited access to food, 
            measures that require an electronic benefit transfer 
            system--

                    ``(I) to set and enforce sales restrictions based 
                on benefit transfer payment eligibility by using 
                scanning or product lookup entry; and
                    ``(II) to deny benefit tenders for manually entered 
                sales of ineligible items.''.

    (d) Electronic Benefit Transfers.--Section 7(h)(3)(B) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(3)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``is operational--'' and all that follows through ``(ii) in 
the case of other participating stores,'' and inserting ``is 
operational''.
    (e) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--
Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), in the second sentence, by striking 
    ``; and (C)'' and inserting ``; (C) whether the applicant is 
    located in an area with significantly limited access to food; and 
    (D)'';
        (2) in subsection (c), in the first sentence, by inserting 
    ``purchase invoices, or program-related records,'' after ``relevant 
    income and sales tax filing documents,''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) EBT Service Requirement.--An approved retail food store shall 
provide adequate EBT service as described in section 7(h)(3)(B).''.
SEC. 4003. ENHANCING SERVICES TO ELDERLY AND DISABLED SUPPLEMENTAL 
NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.
    (a) Enhancing Services to Elderly and Disabled Program 
Participants.--Section 3(p) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2012(p)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
        ``(5) a governmental or private nonprofit food purchasing and 
    delivery service that--
            ``(A) purchases food for, and delivers the food to, 
        individuals who are--
                ``(i) unable to shop for food; and
                ``(ii)(I) not less than 60 years of age; or
                ``(II) physically or mentally handicapped or otherwise 
            disabled;
            ``(B) clearly notifies the participating household at the 
        time the household places a food order--
                ``(i) of any delivery fee associated with the food 
            purchase and delivery provided to the household by the 
            service; and
                ``(ii) that a delivery fee cannot be paid with benefits 
            provided under supplemental nutrition assistance program; 
            and
            ``(C) sells food purchased for the household at the price 
        paid by the service for the food and without any additional 
        cost markup.''.
    (b) Implementation.--
        (1) Issuance of rules.--The Secretary shall issue regulations 
    that--
            (A) establish criteria to identify a food purchasing and 
        delivery service referred to in section 3(p)(5) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5)); and
            (B) establish procedures to ensure that the service--
                (i) does not charge more for a food item than the price 
            paid by the service for the food item;
                (ii) offers food delivery service at no or low cost to 
            households under that Act;
                (iii) ensures that benefits provided under the 
            supplemental nutrition assistance program are used only to 
            purchase food (as defined in section 3 of that Act (7 
            U.S.C. 2012));
                (iv) limits the purchase of food, and the delivery of 
            the food, to households eligible to receive services 
            described in section 3(p)(5) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
            2012(p)(5));
                (v) has established adequate safeguards against 
            fraudulent activities, including unauthorized use of 
            electronic benefit cards issued under that Act; and
                (vi) meets such other requirements as the Secretary 
            determines to be appropriate.
        (2) Limitation.--Before the issuance of rules under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary may not approve more than 20 food purchasing and 
    delivery services referred to in section 3(p)(5) of the Food and 
    Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5)) to participate as 
    retail food stores under the supplemental nutrition assistance 
    program.
SEC. 4004. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 4(b)(6)(F) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)(6)(F)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Feasibility Study, Report, and Demonstration Project for Indian 
Tribes.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms ``Indian'' and 
        ``Indian tribe'' have the meaning given the terms in section 4 
        of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act 
        (25 U.S.C. 450b).
            (B) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal organization'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
        (2) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to determine 
    the feasibility of tribal administration of Federal food assistance 
    programs, services, functions, and activities (or portions 
    thereof), in lieu of State agencies or other administrating 
    entities.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
    on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that--
            (A) contains a list of programs, services, functions, and 
        activities with respect to which it would be feasible to be 
        administered by a tribal organization;
            (B) a description of whether that administration would 
        necessitate a statutory or regulatory change; and
            (C) such other issues that may be determined by the 
        Secretary and developed through consultation pursuant to 
        paragraph (4).
        (4) Consultation with indian tribes.--In developing the report 
    required by paragraph (3), the Secretary shall consult with tribal 
    organizations.
        (5) Funding.--Out of any funds made available under section 18 
    for fiscal year 2014, the Secretary shall make available to carry 
    out the study and report described in paragraphs (2) and (3) 
    $1,000,000, to remain available until expended.
        (6) Traditional and local foods demonstration project.--
            (A) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, the Secretary shall pilot a demonstration 
        project by awarding a grant to 1 or more tribal organizations 
        authorized to administer the food distribution program on 
        Indian reservations under section 4(b) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)) for the purpose of 
        purchasing nutritious and traditional foods, and when 
        practicable, foods produced locally by Indian producers, for 
        distribution to recipients of foods distributed under that 
        program.
            (B) Administration.--The Secretary may award a grant on a 
        noncompetitive basis to 1 or more tribal organizations that 
        have the administrative and financial capability to conduct a 
        demonstration project, as determined by the Secretary.
            (C) Consultation, technical assistance, and training.--
        During the implementation phase of the demonstration project, 
        the Secretary shall consult with Indian tribes and provide 
        outreach to Indian farmers, ranchers, and producers regarding 
        the training and capacity to participate in the demonstration 
        project.
            (D) Funding.--
                (i) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
            authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
            $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
                (ii) Relationship to other authorities.--The funds and 
            authorities provided under this subparagraph are in 
            addition to any other funds or authorities the Secretary 
            may have to carry out activities described in this 
            paragraph.
SEC. 4005. EXCLUSION OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA FROM EXCESS MEDICAL EXPENSE 
DEDUCTION.
    Section 5(e)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Exclusion of medical marijuana.--The Secretary shall 
        promulgate rules to ensure that medical marijuana is not 
        treated as a medical expense for purposes of this paragraph.''.
SEC. 4006. STANDARD UTILITY ALLOWANCES BASED ON THE RECEIPT OF ENERGY 
ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS.
    (a) Standard Utility Allowances in the Supplemental Nutrition 
Assistance Program.--Section 5(e)(6)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)) is amended--
        (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``, subject to clause (iv)'' 
    after ``Secretary''; and
        (2) in clause (iv), by striking subclause (I) and inserting the 
    following:

                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to subclause (II), if a 
                State agency elects to use a standard utility allowance 
                that reflects heating and cooling costs, the standard 
                utility allowance shall be made available to households 
                that received a payment, or on behalf of which a 
                payment was made, under the Low-Income Home Energy 
                Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8621 et seq.) or 
                other similar energy assistance program, if in the 
                current month or in the immediately preceding 12 
                months, the household either received such a payment, 
                or such a payment was made on behalf of the household, 
                that was greater than $20 annually, as determined by 
                the Secretary.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2605(f)(2)(A) of the Low-Income 
Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8624(f)(2)(A)) is amended 
by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``, except that, for 
purposes of the supplemental nutrition assistance program established 
under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), such 
payments or allowances were greater than $20 annually, consistent with 
section 5(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I)), 
as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture''.
    (c) Application and Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), this 
    section and the amendments made by this section shall--
            (A) take effect 30 days after the date of enactment of this 
        Act; and
            (B) apply with respect to certification periods that begin 
        after that date.
        (2) State option to delay implementation for current 
    recipients.--A State may, at the option of the State, implement a 
    policy that eliminates or reduces the effect of the amendments made 
    by this section on households that received a standard utility 
    allowance as of the date of enactment of this Act, for not more 
    than a 5-month period beginning on the date on which the amendments 
    would otherwise apply to the respective household.
SEC. 4007. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS.
    Section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2015(e)(3)(B)) is amended by striking ``section;'' and inserting the 
following:
            ``section, subject to the condition that the course or 
        program of study--
                ``(i) is part of a program of career and technical 
            education (as defined in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins 
            Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
            2302)) that may be completed in not more than 4 years at an 
            institution of higher education (as defined in section 102 
            of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002)); or
                ``(ii) is limited to remedial courses, basic adult 
            education, literacy, or English as a second language;''.
SEC. 4008. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS FOR CERTAIN CONVICTED FELONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2015) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Disqualification for Certain Convicted Felons.--
        ``(1) In general.--An individual shall not be eligible for 
    benefits under this Act if--
            ``(A) the individual is convicted of--
                ``(i) aggravated sexual abuse under section 2241 of 
            title 18, United States Code;
                ``(ii) murder under section 1111 of title 18, United 
            States Code;
                ``(iii) an offense under chapter 110 of title 18, 
            United States Code;
                ``(iv) a Federal or State offense involving sexual 
            assault, as defined in 40002(a) of the Violence Against 
            Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13925(a)); or
                ``(v) an offense under State law determined by the 
            Attorney General to be substantially similar to an offense 
            described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii); and
            ``(B) the individual is not in compliance with the terms of 
        the sentence of the individual or the restrictions under 
        subsection (k).
        ``(2) Effects on assistance and benefits for others.--The 
    amount of benefits otherwise required to be provided to an eligible 
    household under this Act shall be determined by considering the 
    individual to whom paragraph (1) applies not to be a member of the 
    household, except that the income and resources of the individual 
    shall be considered to be income and resources of the household.
        ``(3) Enforcement.--Each State shall require each individual 
    applying for benefits under this Act to attest to whether the 
    individual, or any member of the household of the individual, has 
    been convicted of a crime described in paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5(a) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(a)) is amended in the second sentence by 
striking ``sections 6(b), 6(d)(2), and 6(g)'' and inserting 
``subsections (b), (d)(2), (g), and (r) of section 6''.
    (c) Inapplicability to Convictions Occurring on or Before 
Enactment.--The amendments made by this section shall not apply to a 
conviction if the conviction is for conduct occurring on or before the 
date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 4009. ENDING SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM BENEFITS 
FOR LOTTERY OR GAMBLING WINNERS.
    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2015) (as amended by section 4008) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(s) Ineligibility for Benefits Due to Receipt of Substantial 
Lottery or Gambling Winnings.--
        ``(1) In general.--Any household in which a member receives 
    substantial lottery or gambling winnings, as determined by the 
    Secretary, shall lose eligibility for benefits immediately upon 
    receipt of the winnings.
        ``(2) Duration of ineligibility.--A household described in 
    paragraph (1) shall remain ineligible for participation until the 
    household meets the allowable financial resources and income 
    eligibility requirements under subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), 
    (i), (k), (l), (m), and (n) of section 5.
        ``(3) Agreements.--As determined by the Secretary, each State 
    agency, to the maximum extent practicable, shall establish 
    agreements with entities responsible for the regulation or 
    sponsorship of gaming in the State to determine whether individuals 
    participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance program have 
    received substantial lottery or gambling winnings.''.
SEC. 4010. IMPROVING SECURITY OF FOOD ASSISTANCE.
    Section 7(h)(8) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(8)) is amended--
        (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``card fee'' and 
    inserting ``of cards'';
        (2) by striking ``A State'' and inserting the following:
            ``(A) Fees.--A State''; and
        (3) by adding after subparagraph (A) (as so designated) the 
    following:
            ``(B) Purposeful loss of cards.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to terms and conditions 
            established by the Secretary in accordance with clause 
            (ii), if a household makes excessive requests for 
            replacement of the electronic benefit transfer card of the 
            household, the Secretary may require a State agency to 
            decline to issue a replacement card to the household unless 
            the household, upon request of the State agency, provides 
            an explanation for the loss of the card.
                ``(ii) Requirements.--The terms and conditions 
            established by the Secretary shall provide that--

                    ``(I) the household be given the opportunity to 
                provide the requested explanation and meet the 
                requirements under this paragraph promptly;
                    ``(II) after an excessive number of lost cards, the 
                head of the household shall be required to review 
                program rights and responsibilities with State agency 
                personnel authorized to make determinations under 
                section 5(a); and
                    ``(III) any action taken, including actions 
                required under section 6(b)(2), other than the 
                withholding of the electronic benefit transfer card 
                until an explanation described in subclause (I) is 
                provided, shall be consistent with the due process 
                protections under section 6(b) or 11(e)(10), as 
                appropriate.

            ``(C) Protecting vulnerable persons.--In implementing this 
        paragraph, a State agency shall act to protect homeless 
        persons, persons with disabilities, victims of crimes, and 
        other vulnerable persons who lose electronic benefit transfer 
        cards but are not intentionally committing fraud.
            ``(D) Effect on eligibility.--While a State may decline to 
        issue an electronic benefits transfer card until a household 
        satisfies the requirements under this paragraph, nothing in 
        this paragraph shall be considered a denial of, or limitation 
        on, the eligibility for benefits under section 5.''.
SEC. 4011. TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION FOR RETAIL FOOD STORES.
    (a) Mobile Technologies.--Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)) (as amended by section 4030(e)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(14) Mobile technologies.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
        Secretary shall approve retail food stores to redeem benefits 
        through electronic means other than wired point of sale devices 
        for electronic benefit transfer transactions, if the retail 
        food stores--
                ``(i) establish recipient protections regarding 
            privacy, ease of use, access, and support similar to the 
            protections provided for transactions made in retail food 
            stores;
                ``(ii) bear the costs of obtaining, installing, and 
            maintaining mobile technologies, including mechanisms 
            needed to process EBT cards and transaction fees;
                ``(iii) demonstrate the foods purchased with benefits 
            issued under this section through mobile technologies are 
            purchased at a price not higher than the price of the same 
            food purchased by other methods used by the retail food 
            store, as determined by the Secretary;
                ``(iv) provide adequate documentation for each 
            authorized transaction, as determined by the Secretary; and
                ``(v) meet other criteria as established by the 
            Secretary.
            ``(B) Demonstration project on acceptance of benefits of 
        mobile transactions.--
                ``(i) In general.--Before authorizing implementation of 
            subparagraph (A) in all States, the Secretary shall pilot 
            the use of mobile technologies determined by the Secretary 
            to be appropriate to test the feasibility and implications 
            for program integrity, by allowing retail food stores to 
            accept benefits from recipients of supplemental nutrition 
            assistance through mobile transactions.
                ``(ii) Demonstration projects.--To be eligible to 
            participate in a demonstration project under clause (i), a 
            retail food store shall submit to the Secretary for 
            approval a plan that includes--

                    ``(I) a description of the technology;
                    ``(II) the manner by which the retail food store 
                will provide proof of the transaction to households;
                    ``(III) the provision of data to the Secretary, 
                consistent with requirements established by the 
                Secretary, in a manner that allows the Secretary to 
                evaluate the impact of the demonstration on participant 
                access, ease of use, and program integrity; and
                    ``(IV) such other criteria as the Secretary may 
                require.

                ``(iii) Date of completion.--The demonstration projects 
            under this subparagraph shall be completed and final 
            reports submitted to the Secretary by not later than July 
            1, 2016.
            ``(C) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                ``(i) by not later than January 1, 2017, authorize 
            implementation of subparagraph (A) in all States, unless 
            the Secretary makes a finding, based on the data provided 
            under subparagraph (B), that implementation in all States 
            is not in the best interest of the supplemental nutrition 
            assistance program; and
                ``(ii) if the determination made in clause (i) is not 
            to implement subparagraph (A) in all States, submit a 
            report to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
            Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
            Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate that includes the 
            basis of the finding.''.
    (b) Acceptance of Benefits Through On-line Transactions.--
        (1) In general.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
    2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Option to Accept Program Benefits Through On-line 
Transactions.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (4), the Secretary 
    shall approve retail food stores to accept benefits from recipients 
    of supplemental nutrition assistance through on-line transactions.
        ``(2) Requirements to accept benefits.--A retail food store 
    seeking to accept benefits from recipients of supplemental 
    nutrition assistance through on-line transactions shall--
            ``(A) establish recipient protections regarding privacy, 
        ease of use, access, and support similar to the protections 
        provided for transactions made in retail food stores;
            ``(B) ensure benefits are not used to pay delivery, 
        ordering, convenience, or other fees or charges;
            ``(C) clearly notify participating households at the time a 
        food order is placed--
                ``(i) of any delivery, ordering, convenience, or other 
            fee or charge associated with the food purchase; and
                ``(ii) that any such fee cannot be paid with benefits 
            provided under this Act;
            ``(D) ensure the security of on-line transactions by using 
        the most effective technology available that the Secretary 
        considers appropriate and cost-effective and that is comparable 
        to the security of transactions at retail food stores; and
            ``(E) meet other criteria as established by the Secretary.
        ``(3) State agency action.--Each State agency shall ensure that 
    recipients of supplemental nutrition assistance can use benefits 
    on-line as described in this subsection as appropriate.
        ``(4) Demonstration project on acceptance of benefits through 
    on-line transactions.--
            ``(A) In general.--Before the Secretary authorizes 
        implementation of paragraph (1) in all States, the Secretary 
        shall carry out a number of demonstration projects as 
        determined by the Secretary to test the feasibility of allowing 
        retail food stores to accept benefits through on-line 
        transactions.
            ``(B) Demonstration projects.--To be eligible to 
        participate in a demonstration project under subparagraph (A), 
        a retail food store shall submit to the Secretary for approval 
        a plan that includes--
                ``(i) a method of ensuring that benefits may be used to 
            purchase only eligible items under this Act;
                ``(ii) a description of the method of educating 
            participant households about the availability and operation 
            of on-line purchasing;
                ``(iii) adequate testing of the on-line purchasing 
            option prior to implementation;
                ``(iv) the provision of data as requested by the 
            Secretary for purposes of analyzing the impact of the 
            project on participant access, ease of use, and program 
            integrity;
                ``(v) reports on progress, challenges, and results, as 
            determined by the Secretary; and
                ``(vi) such other criteria, including security 
            criteria, as established by the Secretary.
            ``(C) Date of completion.--The demonstration projects under 
        this paragraph shall be completed and final reports submitted 
        to the Secretary by not later than July 1, 2016.
        ``(5) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) by not later than January 1, 2017, authorize 
        implementation of paragraph (1) in all States, unless the 
        Secretary makes a finding, based on the data provided under 
        paragraph (4), that implementation in all States is not in the 
        best interest of the supplemental nutrition assistance program; 
        and
            ``(B) if the determination made in subparagraph (A) is not 
        to implement in all States, submit a report to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
        on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate that 
        includes the basis of the finding.''.
        (2) Conforming amendments.--
            (A) Section 7(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2016(b)) is amended by striking ``purchase food in 
        retail food stores'' and inserting ``purchase food from retail 
        food stores''.
            (B) Section 10 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2019) is amended in the first sentence by inserting 
        ``retail food stores authorized to accept and redeem benefits 
        through on-line transactions shall be authorized to accept 
        benefits prior to the delivery of food if the delivery occurs 
        within a reasonable time of the purchase, as determined by the 
        Secretary,'' after ``food so purchased,''.
    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section or an amendment made 
by this section alters any requirements of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) unless specifically authorized in this 
section or an amendment made by this section.
SEC. 4012. USE OF BENEFITS FOR PURCHASE OF COMMUNITY-SUPPORTED 
AGRICULTURE SHARE.
    Subsection (o)(4) of section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) (as redesignated by section 4030(a)(4)) is amended 
by inserting ``, or agricultural producers who market agricultural 
products directly to consumers'' after ``such food''.
SEC. 4013. IMPROVED WAGE VERIFICATION USING THE NATIONAL DIRECTORY OF 
NEW HIRES.
    Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and after compliance with 
    the requirement specified in paragraph (24)'' after ``section 16(e) 
    of this Act'';
        (2) in paragraph (22), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (3) in paragraph (23)(C), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(24) that the State agency shall request wage data directly 
    from the National Directory of New Hires established under section 
    453(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 653(i)) relevant to 
    determining eligibility to receive supplemental nutrition 
    assistance program benefits and determining the correct amount of 
    those benefits at the time of certification.''.
SEC. 4014. RESTAURANT MEALS PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(e)) (as amended by section 4013) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (23)(C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (24), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(25) if the State elects to carry out a program to contract 
    with private establishments to offer meals at concessional prices, 
    as described in paragraphs (3), (4), and (9) of section 3(k)--
            ``(A) the plans of the State agency for operating the 
        program, including--
                ``(i) documentation of a need that eligible homeless, 
            elderly, and disabled clients are underserved in a 
            particular geographic area;
                ``(ii) the manner by which the State agency will limit 
            participation to only those private establishments that the 
            State determines necessary to meet the need identified in 
            clause (i); and
                ``(iii) any other conditions the Secretary may 
            prescribe, such as the level of security necessary to 
            ensure that only eligible recipients participate in the 
            program; and
            ``(B) a report by the State agency to the Secretary 
        annually, the schedule of which shall be established by the 
        Secretary, that includes--
                ``(i) the number of households and individual 
            recipients authorized to participate in the program, 
            including any information on whether the individual 
            recipient is elderly, disabled, or homeless; and
                ``(ii) an assessment of whether the program is meeting 
            an established need, as documented under subparagraph 
            (A)(i).''.
    (b) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--
Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) (as 
amended by section 4002(d)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Private Establishments.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), no private 
    establishment that contracts with a State agency to offer meals at 
    concessional prices as described in paragraphs (3), (4), and (9) of 
    section 3(k) may be authorized to accept and redeem benefits unless 
    the Secretary determines that the participation of the private 
    establishment is required to meet a documented need in accordance 
    with section 11(e)(25).
        ``(2) Existing contracts.--
            ``(A) In general.--If, on the day before the date of 
        enactment of this subsection, a State has entered into a 
        contract with a private establishment described in paragraph 
        (1) and the Secretary has not determined that the participation 
        of the private establishment is necessary to meet a documented 
        need in accordance with section 11(e)(25), the Secretary shall 
        allow the operation of the private establishment to continue 
        without that determination of need for a period not to exceed 
        180 days from the date on which the Secretary establishes 
        determination criteria, by regulation, under section 11(e)(25).
            ``(B) Justification.--If the Secretary determines to 
        terminate a contract with a private establishment that is in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall provide justification to the State in which the 
        private establishment is located for that termination.
        ``(3) Report to congress.--Not later than 90 days after 
    September 30, 2014, and 90 days after the last day of each fiscal 
    year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
    Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on the 
    effectiveness of a program under this subsection using any 
    information received from States under section 11(e)(25) as well as 
    any other information the Secretary may have relating to the manner 
    in which benefits are used.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 3(k) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(k)) is amended by inserting ``subject to 
section 9(h)'' after ``concessional prices'' each place it appears.
SEC. 4015. MANDATING STATE IMMIGRATION VERIFICATION.
    Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is 
amended by striking subsection (p) and inserting the following:
    ``(p) State Verification Option.--In carrying out the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program, a State agency shall be required to use 
an immigration status verification system established under section 
1137 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b-7), and an income and 
eligibility verification system, in accordance with standards set by 
the Secretary.''.
SEC. 4016. DATA EXCHANGE STANDARDIZATION FOR IMPROVED INTEROPERABILITY.
    (a) Data Exchange Standardization.--Section 11 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(v) Data Exchange Standards for Improved Interoperability.--
        ``(1) Designation.--The Secretary shall, in consultation with 
    an interagency work group established by the Office of Management 
    and Budget, and considering State government perspectives, 
    designate data exchange standards to govern, under this Act--
            ``(A) necessary categories of information that State 
        agencies operating related programs are required under 
        applicable law to electronically exchange with another State 
        agency; and
            ``(B) Federal reporting and data exchange required under 
        applicable law.
        ``(2) Requirements.--The data exchange standards required by 
    paragraph (1) shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(A) incorporate a widely accepted, nonproprietary, 
        searchable, computer-readable format, such as the eXtensible 
        Markup Language;
            ``(B) contain interoperable standards developed and 
        maintained by intergovernmental partnerships, such as the 
        National Information Exchange Model;
            ``(C) incorporate interoperable standards developed and 
        maintained by Federal entities with authority over contracting 
        and financial assistance;
            ``(D) be consistent with and implement applicable 
        accounting principles;
            ``(E) be implemented in a manner that is cost-effective and 
        improves program efficiency and effectiveness; and
            ``(F) be capable of being continually upgraded as 
        necessary.
        ``(3) Rules of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
    requires a change to existing data exchange standards for Federal 
    reporting found to be effective and efficient.''.
    (b) Application Date.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a proposed rule to 
    carry out the amendments made by this section.
        (2) Requirements.--The rule shall--
            (A) identify federally required data exchanges;
            (B) include specification and timing of exchanges to be 
        standardized;
            (C) address the factors used in determining whether and 
        when to standardize data exchanges;
            (D) specify State implementation options; and
            (E) describe future milestones.
SEC. 4017. PILOT PROJECTS TO IMPROVE FEDERAL-STATE COOPERATION IN 
IDENTIFYING AND REDUCING FRAUD IN THE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
PROGRAM.
    Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2021) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Pilot Projects to Improve Federal-State Cooperation in 
Identifying and Reducing Fraud in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance 
Program.--
        ``(1) Pilot projects required.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out, under 
        such terms and conditions as are determined by the Secretary, 
        pilot projects to test innovative Federal-State partnerships to 
        identify, investigate, and reduce fraud by retail food stores 
        and wholesale food concerns in the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program, including allowing States to operate 
        programs to investigate that fraud.
            ``(B) Requirement.--At least 1 pilot project described in 
        subparagraph (A) shall be carried out in an urban area that is 
        among the 10 largest urban areas in the United States (based on 
        population), if--
                ``(i) the supplemental nutrition assistance program is 
            separately administered in the area; and
                ``(ii) if the administration of the supplemental 
            nutrition assistance program in the area complies with the 
            other applicable requirements of the program.
        ``(2) Selection criteria.--Pilot projects shall be selected 
    based on criteria the Secretary establishes, which shall include--
            ``(A) enhancing existing efforts by the Secretary to reduce 
        fraud described in paragraph (1)(A);
            ``(B) requiring participant States to maintain the overall 
        level of effort of the States at addressing recipient fraud, as 
        determined by the Secretary, prior to participation in the 
        pilot project;
            ``(C) collaborating with other law enforcement authorities 
        as necessary to carry out an effective pilot project;
            ``(D) commitment of the participant State agency to follow 
        Federal rules and procedures with respect to investigations 
        described in paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(E) the extent to which a State has committed resources 
        to recipient fraud and the relative success of those efforts.
        ``(3) Evaluation.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall evaluate the pilot 
        projects selected under this subsection to measure the impact 
        of the pilot projects.
            ``(B) Requirements.--The evaluation shall include--
                ``(i) the impact of each pilot project on increasing 
            the capacity of the Secretary to address fraud described in 
            paragraph (1)(A);
                ``(ii) the effectiveness of the pilot projects in 
            identifying, preventing and reducing fraud described in 
            paragraph (1)(A); and
                ``(iii) the cost effectiveness of the pilot projects.
        ``(4) Report to congress.--Not later than September 30, 2017, 
    the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
    House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report that includes a 
    description of the results of each pilot project, including--
            ``(A) an evaluation of the impact of the pilot project on 
        fraud described in paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(B) the costs associated with the pilot project.
        ``(5) Funding.--Any costs incurred by a State to operate pilot 
    projects under this subsection that are in excess of the amount 
    expended under this Act to identify, investigate, and reduce fraud 
    described in paragraph (1)(A) in the respective State in the 
    previous fiscal year shall not be eligible for Federal 
    reimbursement under this Act.''.
SEC. 4018. PROHIBITING GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED RECRUITMENT ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Administrative Cost-sharing and Quality Control.--Section 
16(a)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a)(4)) is 
amended by inserting after ``recruitment activities'' the following: 
``designed to persuade an individual to apply for program benefits or 
that promote the program through television, radio, or billboard 
advertisements''.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds Authorized to Be Appropriated Under 
Act.--Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Ban on Recruitment and Promotion Activities.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), no 
    funds authorized to be appropriated under this Act shall be used by 
    the Secretary for--
            ``(A) recruitment activities designed to persuade an 
        individual to apply for supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program benefits;
            ``(B) television, radio, or billboard advertisements that 
        are designed to promote supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program benefits and enrollment; or
            ``(C) any agreements with foreign governments designed to 
        promote supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits and 
        enrollment.
        ``(2) Limitation.--Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply to 
    programmatic activities undertaken with respect to benefits made 
    under section 5(h).''.
    (c) Ban on Recruitment Activities by Entities That Receive Funds.--
Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) (as 
amended by subsection (b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Ban on Recruitment by Entities That Receive Funds.--The 
Secretary shall issue regulations that prohibit entities that receive 
funds under this Act to compensate any person for conducting outreach 
activities relating to participation in, or for recruiting individuals 
to apply to receive benefits under, the supplemental nutrition 
assistance program, if the amount of the compensation would be based on 
the number of individuals who apply to receive the benefits.''.
SEC. 4019. TOLERANCE LEVEL FOR EXCLUDING SMALL ERRORS.
    Section 16(c)(1)(A) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(c)(1)(A)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``In carrying'' and inserting the following:
                ``(i) In general.--In carrying''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) Tolerance level for excluding small errors.--The 
            Secretary shall set the tolerance level for excluding small 
            errors for the purposes of this subsection--

                    ``(I) for fiscal year 2014, at an amount not 
                greater than $37; and
                    ``(II) for each fiscal year thereafter, the amount 
                specified in subclause (I) adjusted by the percentage 
                by which the thrifty food plan is adjusted under 
                section 3(u)(4) between June 30, 2013, and June 30 of 
                the immediately preceding fiscal year.''.

SEC. 4020. QUALITY CONTROL STANDARDS.
    (a) In General.--Section 16(c)(1)(D)(i) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(D)(i)) is amended by striking 
subclause (I).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 13(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
    U.S.C. 2022(a)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
    ``section 16(c)(1)(D)(i)(III)'' and inserting ``section 
    16(c)(1)(D)(i)(II)''.
        (2) Section 16(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
    U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (D)--
                (i) in clause (i)--

                    (I) by redesignating subclauses (II) through (IV) 
                as subclauses (I) through (III), respectively; and
                    (II) in subclause (III) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``through (III)'' and inserting ``and (II)''; 
                and

                (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``waiver amount or'';
            (B) in subparagraph (E)(i), by striking ``(D)(i)(III)'' and 
        inserting ``(D)(i)(II)''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``(D)(i)(II)'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``(D)(i)(I)''.
SEC. 4021. PERFORMANCE BONUS PAYMENTS.
    Section 16(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Use of performance bonus payments.--A State agency may 
    use a performance bonus payment received under this subsection only 
    to carry out the program established under this Act, including 
    investments in--
            ``(A) technology;
            ``(B) improvements in administration and distribution; and
            ``(C) actions to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse.''.
SEC. 4022. PILOT PROJECTS TO REDUCE DEPENDENCY AND INCREASE WORK 
REQUIREMENTS AND WORK EFFORT UNDER SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by striking ``15 months'' and inserting ``24 
            months''; and
                (ii) by striking ``, except that for fiscal year 2013 
            and fiscal year 2014, the amount shall be $79,000,000'';
            (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                (i) by striking ``If a State'' and inserting the 
            following:
                ``(i) In general.--If a State''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) Timing.--The Secretary shall collect such 
            information as the Secretary determines to be necessary 
            about the expenditures and anticipated expenditures by the 
            State agencies of the funds initially allocated to the 
            State agencies under subparagraph (A) to make reallocations 
            of unexpended funds under clause (i) within a timeframe 
            that allows each State agency to which funds are 
            reallocated at least 270 days to expend the reallocated 
            funds.
                ``(iii) Opportunity.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
            all State agencies have an opportunity to obtain 
            reallocated funds.''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) Pilot projects to reduce dependency and increase work 
        requirements and work effort under supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program.--
                ``(i) Pilot projects required.--

                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out 
                pilot projects under which State agencies shall enter 
                into cooperative agreements with the Secretary to 
                develop and test methods, including operating work 
                programs with certain features comparable to the 
                program of block grants to States for temporary 
                assistance for needy families established under part A 
                of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 
                et seq.), for employment and training programs and 
                services to raise the number of work registrants under 
                section 6(d) of this Act who obtain unsubsidized 
                employment, increase the earned income of the 
                registrants, and reduce the reliance of the registrants 
                on public assistance, so as to reduce the need for 
                supplemental nutrition assistance benefits.
                    ``(II) Requirements.--Pilot projects shall--

                        ``(aa) meet such terms and conditions as the 
                    Secretary considers to be appropriate; and
                        ``(bb) except as otherwise provided in this 
                    subparagraph, be in accordance with the 
                    requirements of sections 6(d) and 20.
                ``(ii) Selection criteria.--

                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary shall select pilot 
                projects under this subparagraph in accordance with the 
                criteria established under this clause and additional 
                criteria established by the Secretary.
                    ``(II) Qualifying criteria.--To be eligible to 
                participate in a pilot project, a State agency shall--

                        ``(aa) agree to participate in the evaluation 
                    described in clause (vii), including providing 
                    evidence that the State has a robust data 
                    collection system for program administration and 
                    cooperating to make available State data on the 
                    employment activities and post-participation 
                    employment, earnings, and public benefit receipt of 
                    participants to ensure proper and timely 
                    evaluation;
                        ``(bb) commit to collaborate with the State 
                    workforce board and other job training programs in 
                    the State and local area; and
                        ``(cc) commit to maintain at least the amount 
                    of State funding for employment and training 
                    programs and services under paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                    and under section 20 as the State expended for 
                    fiscal year 2013.

                    ``(III) Selection criteria.--In selecting pilot 
                projects, the Secretary shall--

                        ``(aa) consider the degree to which the pilot 
                    project would enhance existing employment and 
                    training programs in the State;
                        ``(bb) consider the degree to which the pilot 
                    project would enhance the employment and earnings 
                    of program participants;
                        ``(cc) consider whether there is evidence that 
                    the pilot project could be replicated easily by 
                    other States or political subdivisions;
                        ``(dd) consider whether the State agency has a 
                    demonstrated capacity to operate high quality 
                    employment and training programs; and
                        ``(ee) ensure the pilot projects, when 
                    considered as a group, test a range of strategies, 
                    including strategies that--
                            ``(AA) target individuals with low skills 
                        or limited work experience, individuals subject 
                        to the requirements under section 6(o), and 
                        individuals who are working;
                            ``(BB) are located in a range of geographic 
                        areas and States, including rural and urban 
                        areas;
                            ``(CC) emphasize education and training, 
                        rehabilitative services for individuals with 
                        barriers to employment, rapid attachment to 
                        employment, and mixed strategies; and
                            ``(DD) test programs that assign work 
                        registrants to mandatory and voluntary 
                        participation in employment and training 
                        activities.
                ``(iii) Accountability .--

                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary shall establish 
                and implement a process to terminate a pilot project 
                for which the State has failed to meet the criteria 
                described in clause (ii) or other criteria established 
                by the Secretary.
                    ``(II) Timing.--The process shall include a 
                reasonable time period, not to exceed 180 days, for 
                State agencies found noncompliant to correct the 
                noncompliance.

                ``(iv) Employment and training activities.--Allowable 
            programs and services carried out under this subparagraph 
            shall include those programs and services authorized under 
            this Act and employment and training activities authorized 
            under the program of block grants to States for temporary 
            assistance for needy families established under part A of 
            title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et 
            seq.), including:

                    ``(I) Employment in the public or private sector 
                that is not subsidized by any public program.
                    ``(II) Employment in the private sector for which 
                the employer receives a subsidy from public funds to 
                offset all or a part of the wages and costs of 
                employing an adult.
                    ``(III) Employment in the public sector for which 
                the employer receives a subsidy from public funds to 
                offset all or a part of the wages and costs of 
                employing an adult.
                    ``(IV) A work activity that--

                        ``(aa) is performed in return for public 
                    benefits;
                        ``(bb) provides an adult with an opportunity to 
                    acquire the general skills, knowledge, and work 
                    habits necessary to obtain employment;
                        ``(cc) is designed to improve the employability 
                    of those who cannot find unsubsidized employment; 
                    and
                        ``(dd) is supervised by an employer, work site 
                    sponsor, or other responsible party on an ongoing 
                    basis.

                    ``(V) Training in the public or private sector 
                that--

                        ``(aa) is given to a paid employee while the 
                    employee is engaged in productive work; and
                        ``(bb) provides knowledge and skills essential 
                    to the full and adequate performance of the job.

                    ``(VI) Job search, obtaining employment, or 
                preparation to seek or obtain employment, including--

                        ``(aa) life skills training;
                        ``(bb) substance abuse treatment or mental 
                    health treatment, determined to be necessary and 
                    documented by a qualified medical, substance abuse, 
                    or mental health professional; and
                        ``(cc) rehabilitation activities, supervised by 
                    a public agency or other responsible party on an 
                    ongoing basis.

                    ``(VII) Structured programs and embedded 
                activities--

                        ``(aa) in which adults perform work for the 
                    direct benefit of the community under the auspices 
                    of public or nonprofit organizations;
                        ``(bb) that are limited to projects that serve 
                    useful community purposes in fields such as health, 
                    social service, environmental protection, 
                    education, urban and rural redevelopment, welfare, 
                    recreation, public facilities, public safety, and 
                    child care;
                        ``(cc) that are designed to improve the 
                    employability of adults not otherwise able to 
                    obtain unsubsidized employment;
                        ``(dd) that are supervised on an ongoing basis; 
                    and
                        ``(ee) with respect to which a State agency 
                    takes into account, to the maximum extent 
                    practicable, the prior training, experience, and 
                    skills of a recipient in making appropriate 
                    community service assignments.

                    ``(VIII) Career and technical training programs 
                that are--

                        ``(aa) directly related to the preparation of 
                    adults for employment in current or emerging 
                    occupations; and
                        ``(bb) supervised on an ongoing basis.

                    ``(IX) Training or education for job skills that 
                are--

                        ``(aa) required by an employer to provide an 
                    adult with the ability to obtain employment or to 
                    advance or adapt to the changing demands of the 
                    workplace; and
                        ``(bb) supervised on an ongoing basis.

                    ``(X) Education that is--

                        ``(aa) related to a specific occupation, job, 
                    or job offer; and
                        ``(bb) supervised on an ongoing basis.

                    ``(XI) In the case of an adult who has not 
                completed secondary school or received a certificate of 
                general equivalence, regular attendance that is--

                        ``(aa) in accordance with the requirements of 
                    the secondary school or course of study, at a 
                    secondary school or in a course of study leading to 
                    a certificate of general equivalence; and
                        ``(bb) supervised on an ongoing basis.

                    ``(XII) Providing child care to enable another 
                recipient of public benefits to participate in a 
                community service program that--

                        ``(aa) does not provide compensation for the 
                    community service;
                        ``(bb) is a structured program designed to 
                    improve the employability of adults who participate 
                    in the program; and
                        ``(cc) is supervised on an ongoing basis.
                ``(v) Sanctions.--Subject to clause (vi), no work 
            registrant shall be eligible to participate in the 
            supplemental nutrition assistance program if the individual 
            refuses without good cause to participate in an employment 
            and training program under this subparagraph, to the extent 
            required by the State agency.
                ``(vi) Standards.--

                    ``(I) In general.--Employment and training 
                activities under this subparagraph shall be considered 
                to be carried out under section 6(d), including for the 
                purpose of satisfying any conditions of participation 
                and duration of ineligibility.
                    ``(II) Standards for certain employment 
                activities.--The Secretary shall establish standards 
                for employment activities described in subclauses (I), 
                (II), and (III) of clause (iv) that ensure that failure 
                to work for reasons beyond the control of an 
                individual, such as involuntary reduction in hours of 
                employment, shall not result in ineligibility.
                    ``(III) Participation in other programs.--Before 
                assigning a work registrant to mandatory employment and 
                training activities, a State agency shall--

                        ``(aa) assess whether the work registrant is 
                    participating in substantial employment and 
                    training activities outside of the pilot project 
                    that are expected to result in the work registrant 
                    gaining increased skills, training, work, or 
                    experience consistent with the objectives of the 
                    pilot project; and
                        ``(bb) if determined to be acceptable, count 
                    hours engaged in the activities toward any minimum 
                    participation requirement.
                ``(vii) Evaluation and reporting.--

                    ``(I) Independent evaluation.--

                        ``(aa) In general.--The Secretary shall, under 
                    such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
                    determines to be appropriate, conduct for each 
                    State agency that enters into a cooperative 
                    agreement under clause (i) an independent 
                    longitudinal evaluation of each pilot project of 
                    the State agency under this subparagraph, with 
                    results reported not less frequently than in 
                    consecutive 12-month increments.
                        ``(bb) Purpose.--The purpose of the independent 
                    evaluation shall be to measure the impact of 
                    employment and training programs and services 
                    provided by each State agency under the pilot 
                    projects on the ability of adults in each pilot 
                    project target population to find and retain 
                    employment that leads to increased household income 
                    and reduced reliance on public assistance, as well 
                    as other measures of household well-being, compared 
                    to what would have occurred in the absence of the 
                    pilot project.
                        ``(cc) Methodology.--The independent evaluation 
                    shall use valid statistical methods that can 
                    determine, for each pilot project, the difference, 
                    if any, between supplemental nutrition assistance 
                    and other public benefit receipt expenditures, 
                    employment, earnings and other impacts as 
                    determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(AA) as a result of the employment and 
                        training programs and services provided by the 
                        State agency under the pilot project; as 
                        compared to
                            ``(BB) a control group that is not subject 
                        to the employment and training programs and 
                        services provided by the State agency under the 
                        pilot project.

                    ``(II) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 
                2015, and each December 31 thereafter until the 
                completion of the last evaluation under subclause (I), 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                the Senate and share broadly, including by posting on 
                the Internet website of the Department of Agriculture, 
                a report that includes a description of--

                        ``(aa) the status of each pilot project carried 
                    out under this subparagraph;
                        ``(bb) the results of the evaluation completed 
                    during the previous fiscal year;
                        ``(cc) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                    baseline information relevant to the stated goals 
                    and desired outcomes of the pilot project;
                        ``(dd) the employment and training programs and 
                    services each State tested under the pilot, 
                    including--
                            ``(AA) the system of the State for 
                        assessing the ability of work registrants to 
                        participate in and meet the requirements of 
                        employment and training activities and 
                        assigning work registrants to appropriate 
                        activities; and
                            ``(BB) the employment and training 
                        activities and services provided under the 
                        pilot;
                        ``(ee) the impact of the employment and 
                    training programs and services on appropriate 
                    employment, income, and public benefit receipt as 
                    well as other outcomes among households 
                    participating in the pilot project, relative to 
                    households not participating; and
                        ``(ff) the steps and funding necessary to 
                    incorporate into State employment and training 
                    programs and services the components of the pilot 
                    projects that demonstrate increased employment and 
                    earnings.
                ``(viii) Funding.--

                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to subclause (II), from 
                amounts made available under section 18(a)(1), the 
                Secretary shall use to carry out this subparagraph--

                        ``(aa) for fiscal year 2014, $10,000,000; and
                        ``(bb) for fiscal year 2015, $190,000,000.

                    ``(II) Limitations.--

                        ``(aa) In general.--The Secretary shall not 
                    fund more than 10 pilot projects under this 
                    subparagraph.
                        ``(bb) Duration.--Each pilot project shall be 
                    in effect for not more than 3 years.

                    ``(III) Availability of funds.--Funds made 
                available under subclause (I) shall remain available 
                through September 30, 2018.

                ``(ix) Use of funds.--

                    ``(I) In general.--Funds made available under this 
                subparagraph for pilot projects shall be used only 
                for--

                        ``(aa) pilot projects that comply with this 
                    Act;
                        ``(bb) the program and administrative costs of 
                    carrying out the pilot projects;
                        ``(cc) the costs incurred in developing systems 
                    and providing information and data for the 
                    independent evaluations under clause (vii); and
                        ``(dd) the costs of the evaluations under 
                    clause (vii).

                    ``(II) Maintenance of effort.--Funds made available 
                under this subparagraph shall be used only to 
                supplement, not to supplant, non-Federal funds used for 
                existing employment and training activities or 
                services.
                    ``(III) Other funds.--In carrying out pilot 
                projects, States may contribute additional funds 
                obtained from other sources, including Federal, State, 
                or private funds, on the condition that the use of the 
                contributions is permissible under Federal law.''; and

        (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
        ``(5) Monitoring.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall monitor the 
        employment and training programs carried out by State agencies 
        under section 6(d)(4) and assess the effectiveness of the 
        programs in--
                ``(i) preparing members of households participating in 
            the supplemental nutrition assistance program for 
            employment, including the acquisition of basic skills 
            necessary for employment; and
                ``(ii) increasing the number of household members who 
            obtain and retain employment subsequent to participation in 
            the employment and training programs.
            ``(B) Reporting measures.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
            the Secretary of Labor, shall develop State reporting 
            measures that identify improvements in the skills, 
            training, education, or work experience of members of 
            households participating in the supplemental nutrition 
            assistance program.
                ``(ii) Requirements.--Measures shall--

                    ``(I) be based on common measures of performance 
                for Federal workforce training programs; and
                    ``(II) include additional indicators that reflect 
                the challenges facing the types of members of 
                households participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program who participate in a specific 
                employment and training component.

                ``(iii) State requirements.--The Secretary shall 
            require that each State employment and training plan 
            submitted under section 11(e)(19) identifies appropriate 
            reporting measures for each proposed component that serves 
            a threshold number of participants determined by the 
            Secretary of at least 100 people a year.
                ``(iv) Inclusions.--Reporting measures described in 
            clause (iii) may include--

                    ``(I) the percentage and number of program 
                participants who received employment and training 
                services and are in unsubsidized employment subsequent 
                to the receipt of those services;
                    ``(II) the percentage and number of program 
                participants who obtain a recognized credential, 
                including a registered apprenticeship, or a regular 
                secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent, 
                while participating in, or within 1 year after 
                receiving, employment and training services;
                    ``(III) the percentage and number of program 
                participants who are in an education or training 
                program that is intended to lead to a recognized 
                credential, including a registered apprenticeship or 
                on-the-job training program, a regular secondary school 
                diploma or its recognized equivalent, or unsubsidized 
                employment;
                    ``(IV) subject to terms and conditions established 
                by the Secretary, measures developed by each State 
                agency to assess the skills acquisition of employment 
                and training program participants that reflect the 
                goals of the specific employment and training program 
                components of the State agency, which may include, at a 
                minimum--

                        ``(aa) the percentage and number of program 
                    participants who are meeting program requirements 
                    in each component of the education and training 
                    program of the State agency;
                        ``(bb) the percentage and number of program 
                    participants who are gaining skills likely to lead 
                    to employment as measured through testing, 
                    quantitative or qualitative assessment, or other 
                    method; and
                        ``(cc) the percentage and number of program 
                    participants who do not comply with employment and 
                    training requirements and who are ineligible under 
                    section 6(b); and

                    ``(V) other indicators approved by the Secretary.

            ``(C) Oversight of state employment and training 
        activities.--The Secretary shall assess State employment and 
        training programs on a periodic basis to ensure--
                ``(i) compliance with Federal employment and training 
            program rules and regulations;
                ``(ii) that program activities are appropriate to meet 
            the needs of the individuals referred by the State agency 
            to an employment and training program component;
                ``(iii) that reporting measures are appropriate to 
            identify improvements in skills, training, work and 
            experience for participants in an employment and training 
            program component; and
                ``(iv) for States receiving additional allocations 
            under paragraph (1)(E), any information the Secretary may 
            require to evaluate the compliance of the State agency with 
            paragraph (1), which may include--

                    ``(I) a report for each fiscal year of the number 
                of individuals in the State who meet the conditions of 
                paragraph (1)(E)(ii), the number of individuals the 
                State agency offers a position in a program described 
                in subparagraph (B) or (C) of section 6(o)(2), and the 
                number who participate in such a program;
                    ``(II) a description of the types of employment and 
                training programs the State agency uses to comply with 
                paragraph (1)(E) and the availability of those programs 
                throughout the State; and
                    ``(III) any additional information the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.

            ``(D) State report.--Each State agency shall annually 
        prepare and submit to the Secretary a report on the State 
        employment and training program that includes, using measures 
        identified under subparagraph (B), the numbers of supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program participants who have gained 
        skills, training, work, or experience that will increase the 
        ability of the participants to obtain regular employment.
            ``(E) Modifications to the state employment and training 
        plan.--Subject to terms and conditions established by the 
        Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the performance of 
        a State agency with respect to employment and training outcomes 
        is inadequate, the Secretary may require the State agency to 
        make modifications to the State employment and training plan to 
        improve the outcomes.
            ``(F) Periodic evaluation.--Subject to terms and conditions 
        established by the Secretary, not later than October 1, 2016, 
        and not less frequently than once every 5 years thereafter, the 
        Secretary shall conduct a study to review existing practice and 
        research to identify employment and training program components 
        and practices that--
                ``(i) effectively assist members of households 
            participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
            program in gaining skills, training, work, or experience 
            that will increase the ability of the participants to 
            obtain regular employment; and
                ``(ii) are best integrated with statewide workforce 
            development systems.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
    2014) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (d)(14), by inserting ``or a pilot 
        project under section 16(h)(1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)(I)'';
            (B) in subsection (e)(3)(B)(iii), by inserting ``or a pilot 
        project under section 16(h)(1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)''; and
            (C) in subsection (g)(3), in the first sentence, by 
        inserting ``or a pilot project under section 16(h)(1)(F)'' 
        after ``6(d)''.
        (2) Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
    U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or a pilot project 
        under paragraph (1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or a pilot project 
        under paragraph (1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)''.
        (3) Section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(hh) of the Food and Nutrition 
    Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(hh)) is amended by 
    inserting ``(h)(1)(F),'' after ``(g),''.
    (c) Application Date.--
        (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section (other 
    than the amendments made by subsection (a)(2)) shall apply 
    beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
        (2) Process for selecting pilot programs.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
                (i) develop and publish the process for selecting pilot 
            projects under section 16(h)(1)(F) of the Food and 
            Nutrition Act of 2008 (as added by subsection (a)(1)(C)); 
            and
                (ii) issue such request for proposals for the 
            independent evaluation as is determined appropriate by the 
            Secretary.
            (B) Application.--The Secretary shall begin considering 
        proposals not earlier than 90 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary completes the actions described in subparagraph (A).
            (C) Selection.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
        which the Secretary completes the actions described in 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall select pilot projects 
        from the applications submitted in response to the request for 
        proposals issued under subparagraph (A).
        (3) Monitoring of employment and training programs.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue interim final 
        regulations implementing the amendments made by subsection 
        (a)(2).
            (B) State action.--States shall include reporting measures 
        required under section 16(h)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (as amended by subsection (a)(2)) in the employment and 
        training plans of the States for the first full fiscal year 
        that begins not earlier than 180 days after the date that the 
        regulations described in subparagraph (A) are published.
SEC. 4023. COOPERATION WITH PROGRAM RESEARCH AND EVALUATION.
    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l) Cooperation With Program Research and Evaluation.--Subject to 
the requirements of this Act, including protections under section 
11(e)(8), States, State agencies, local agencies, institutions, 
facilities such as data consortiums, and contractors participating in 
programs authorized under this Act shall--
        ``(1) cooperate with officials and contractors acting on behalf 
    of the Secretary in the conduct of evaluations and studies under 
    this Act; and
        ``(2) submit information at such time and in such manner as the 
    Secretary may require.''.
SEC. 4024. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(a)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4025. REVIEW, REPORT, AND REGULATION OF CASH NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
PROGRAM BENEFITS PROVIDED IN PUERTO RICO.
    Section 19 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2028) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Review, Report, and Regulation of Cash Nutrition Assistance 
Program Benefits Provided in Puerto Rico.--
        ``(1) Review.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
    Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall carry out a review of 
    the provision of nutrition assistance in Puerto Rico in the form of 
    cash benefits under this section that shall include--
            ``(A) an examination of the history of and purpose for 
        distribution of a portion of monthly benefits in the form of 
        cash;
            ``(B) an examination of current barriers to the redemption 
        of non-cash benefits by current program participants and 
        retailers;
            ``(C) an examination of current usage of cash benefits for 
        the purchase of non-food and other prohibited items;
            ``(D) an identification and assessment of potential adverse 
        effects of the discontinuation of a portion of benefits in the 
        form of cash for program participants and retailers; and
            ``(E) an examination of such other factors as the Secretary 
        determines to be relevant.
        ``(2) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
    on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report that 
    describes the results of the review conducted under this 
    subsection.
        ``(3) Regulation.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        and notwithstanding the second sentence of subsection 
        (b)(1)(B)(i), the Secretary shall disapprove any plan submitted 
        pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(A)--
                ``(i) for fiscal year 2017 that provides for the 
            distribution of more than 20 percent of the nutrition 
            assistance benefit of a participant in the form of cash;
                ``(ii) for fiscal year 2018 that provides for the 
            distribution of more than 15 percent of the nutrition 
            assistance benefit of a participant in the form of cash;
                ``(iii) for fiscal year 2019 that provides for the 
            distribution of more than 10 percent of the nutrition 
            assistance benefit of a participant in the form of cash;
                ``(iv) for fiscal year 2020 that provides for the 
            distribution of more than 5 percent of the nutrition 
            assistance benefit of a participant in the form of cash; 
            and
                ``(v) for fiscal year 2021 that provides for the 
            distribution of any portion of the nutrition assistance 
            benefit of a participant in the form of cash.
            ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary, informed by the report required under paragraph (2), 
        may approve a plan that exempts participants or categories of 
        participants if the Secretary determines that discontinuation 
        of benefits in the form of cash is likely to have significant 
        adverse effects.
        ``(4) Funding.--Out of any funds made available under section 
    18 for fiscal year 2014, the Secretary shall make available to 
    carry out the review and report described in paragraphs (1) and (2) 
    $1,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 4026. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.
    Section 25 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2034) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                (i) in clause (i)--

                    (I) in subclause (I), by inserting after 
                ``individuals'' the following: ``through food 
                distribution, community outreach to assist in 
                participation in Federally assisted nutrition programs, 
                or improving access to food as part of a comprehensive 
                service;''; and
                    (II) in subclause (III), by inserting ``food 
                access,'' after ``food,''; and

                (ii) in clause (ii), by striking subclause (I) and 
            inserting the following:

                    ``(I) equipment necessary for the efficient 
                operation of a project;''; and

            (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(2) Gleaner.--The term `gleaner' means an entity that--
            ``(A) collects edible, surplus food that would be thrown 
        away and distributes the food to agencies or nonprofit 
        organizations that feed the hungry; or
            ``(B) harvests for free distribution to the needy, or for 
        donation to agencies or nonprofit organizations for ultimate 
        distribution to the needy, an agricultural crop that has been 
        donated by the owner of the crop.
        ``(3) Hunger-free communities goal.--The term `hunger-free 
    communities goal' means any of the 14 goals described in House 
    Concurrent Resolution 302, 102nd Congress, agreed to October 5, 
    1992.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``fiscal year 2008 and 
        each fiscal year thereafter.'' and inserting the following: 
        ``each of fiscal years 2008 through 2014; and
            ``(C) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2015 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.'';
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``private nonprofit entity'' and inserting ``public food 
        program service provider, a tribal organization, or a private 
        nonprofit entity, including gleaners,'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' after the 
            semicolon at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or'' after the 
            semicolon at the end; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) efforts to reduce food insecurity in the community, 
        including food distribution, improving access to services, or 
        coordinating services and programs;'';
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
            (D) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) collaborate with 1 or more local partner organizations to 
    achieve at least 1 hunger-free communities goal.'';
        (4) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) develop new resources and strategies to help reduce food 
    insecurity in the community and prevent food insecurity in the 
    future by--
            ``(A) developing creative food resources;
            ``(B) coordinating food services with park and recreation 
        programs and other community-based outlets to reduce barriers 
        to access; or
            ``(C) creating nutrition education programs for at- risk 
        populations to enhance food-purchasing and food- preparation 
        skills and to heighten awareness of the connection between diet 
        and health.'';
        (5) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``3 years'' and inserting 
    ``5 years''; and
        (6) by striking subsections (h) and (i) and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(h) Reports to Congress.--Not later than September 30, 2014, and 
each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
that describes each grant made under this section, including--
        ``(1) a description of any activity funded;
        ``(2) the degree of success of each activity funded in 
    achieving hunger-free community goals; and
        ``(3) the degree of success in improving the long-term capacity 
    of a community to address food and agriculture problems related to 
    hunger or access to healthy food.''.
SEC. 4027. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Purchase of Commodities.--Section 27(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and 
    inserting ``2014 through 2018'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                (i) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
                (ii) by striking the period at the end and inserting a 
            semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2018, the sum 
        obtained by adding the total dollar amount of commodities 
        specified in subparagraph (C) and--
                ``(i) for fiscal year 2015, $50,000,000;
                ``(ii) for fiscal year 2016, $40,000,000;
                ``(iii) for fiscal year 2017, $20,000,000; and
                ``(iv) for fiscal year 2018, $15,000,000; and
            ``(E) for fiscal year 2019 and each subsequent fiscal year, 
        the total dollar amount of commodities specified in 
        subparagraph (D)(iv) adjusted by the percentage by which the 
        thrifty food plan has been adjusted under section 3(u)(4) to 
        reflect changes between June 30, 2017, and June 30 of the 
        immediately preceding fiscal year.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Funds availability.--For purposes of the funds described 
    in this subsection, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) make the funds available for 2 fiscal years; and
            ``(B) allow States to carry over unexpended balances to the 
        next fiscal year pursuant to such terms and conditions as are 
        determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 209(d) 
of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7511a(d)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4028. NUTRITION EDUCATION.
    Section 28(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036a(b)) is amended by inserting ``and physical activity'' after 
``healthy food choices''.
SEC. 4029. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.
    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``SEC. 29. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.
    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide the 
Department of Agriculture with additional resources to prevent 
trafficking in violation of this Act by strengthening recipient and 
retail food store program integrity.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--Additional funds are provided under this 
    section to supplement the retail food store and recipient integrity 
    activities of the Department.
        ``(2) Information technologies.--The Secretary shall use an 
    appropriate amount of the funds provided under this section to 
    employ information technologies known as data mining and data 
    warehousing and other available information technologies to 
    administer the supplemental nutrition assistance program and 
    enforce regulations promulgated under section 4(c).
    ``(c) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(2) Mandatory funding.--
            ``(A) In general.--Out of any funds in the Treasury not 
        otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
        transfer to the Secretary to carry out this section not less 
        than $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain available 
        until expended.
            ``(B) Receipt and acceptance.--The Secretary shall be 
        entitled to receive, shall accept, and shall use to carry out 
        this section the funds transferred under subparagraph (A), 
        without further appropriation.
            ``(C) Maintenance of funding.--The funding provided under 
        subparagraph (A) shall supplement (and not supplant) other 
        Federal funding for programs carried out under this Act.''.
SEC. 4030. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (g), by striking ``coupon,'' the last place 
    it appears and inserting ``coupon'';
        (2) in subsection (k)(7), by striking ``or are'' and inserting 
    ``and'';
        (3) by striking subsection (l);
        (4) by redesignating subsections (m) through (t) as subsections 
    (l) through (s), respectively; and
        (5) by inserting after subsection (s) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
    ``(t) `Supplemental nutrition assistance program' means the program 
operated pursuant to this Act.''.
    (b) Section 4(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2013(a)) is amended in the last sentence by striking ``benefits'' and 
inserting ``Benefits''.
    (c) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) 
is amended--
        (1) in the last sentence of subsection (i)(2)(D), by striking 
    ``section 13(b)(2)'' and inserting ``section 13(b)''; and
        (2) in subsection (k)(4)(A), by striking ``paragraph (2)(H)'' 
    and inserting ``paragraph (2)(G)''.
    (d) Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2015(d)(4)) is amended in subparagraphs (B)(vii) and (F)(iii) by 
indenting both clauses appropriately.
    (e) Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)) is amended by redesignating the second paragraph (12) 
(relating to interchange fees) as paragraph (13).
    (f) Section 9(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2018(a)) is amended by indenting paragraph (3) appropriately.
    (g) Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2021) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(3)(C), by striking ``civil money 
    penalties'' and inserting ``civil penalties''; and
        (2) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``(7 U.S.C. 1786)'' and 
    inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 1786)''.
    (h) Section 15(b)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2024(b)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``an 
benefit'' both places it appears and inserting ``a benefit''.
    (i) Section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(a)) is amended in the proviso following paragraph (8) by striking 
``as amended.''.
    (j) Section 18(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(e)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``sections 7(f)'' 
and inserting ``section 7(f)''.
    (k) Section 22(b)(10)(B)(i) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2031(b)(10)(B)(i)) is amended in the last sentence by 
striking ``Food benefits'' and inserting ``Benefits''.
    (l) Section 26(f)(3)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2035(f)(3)(C)) is amended by striking ``subsection'' and 
inserting ``subsections''.
    (m) Section 27(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2036(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``(Public Law 98-8; 7 U.S.C. 
612c note)'' and inserting ``(7 U.S.C. 7515)''.
    (n) Section 115 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
Reconciliation Act of 1996 (21 U.S.C. 862a) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``food stamp program (as 
    defined in section 3(l) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977) or any State 
    program carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
    inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance program (as defined 
    in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012)) 
    or any State program carried out under that Act'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``the food stamp 
        act of 1977'' and inserting ``the food and nutrition act of 
        2008''; and
            (B) by striking ``food stamp program (as defined in section 
        3(l) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977), or any State program 
        carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting 
        ``supplemental nutrition assistance program (as defined in 
        section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2012)), or any State program carried out under that Act''; and
        (3) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``section 3(s) of the 
    Food Stamp Act of 1977, when referring to the food stamp program 
    (as defined in section 3(l) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977) or any 
    State program carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
    inserting ``section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
    U.S.C. 2012), when referring to the supplemental nutrition 
    assistance program (as defined in that section) or any State 
    program carried out under that Act''.
    (o) Section 3803(c)(2)(C)(vii) of title 31 of the United States 
Code is amended by striking ``section 3(l)'' and inserting ``section 
3''.
    (p) Section 453(j)(10) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
653(j)(10)) is amended in the paragraph heading by striking ``food 
stamp programs'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance 
program benefits''.
    (q) Section 1137 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b-7)--
        (1) in subsection (a)(5)(B), by striking ``food stamp'' and 
    inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``food stamp program 
    under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``supplemental 
    nutrition assistance program established under the Food and 
    Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.)''.
    (r) Section 1631(n) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1383) is 
amended in the subsection heading by striking ``Food Stamp'' and 
inserting ``Supplemental Nutrition Assistance''.
    (s) Section 509 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 
3056g) is amended in the section heading by striking ``food stamp 
programs'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance 
programs''.
    (t) Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 
1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended by striking 
``Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008''.
    (u) Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 
1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``food stamps'' and 
    inserting ``the supplemental nutrition assistance program'';
        (2) in subsection (i)(1), by striking ``food stamps provided 
    under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``supplemental 
    nutrition assistance benefits provided under the Food and Nutrition 
    Act of 2008''; and
        (3) in subsection (l)(2)(B), by striking ``Food Stamp Act of 
    1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition Act of 2008''.
    (v) Section 4115(c)(2)(H) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1871) is amended by striking 
``531'' and inserting ``454''.
SEC. 4031. COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--Prior to establishing the pilot program under 
    subsection (b), the Secretary shall conduct a study to be completed 
    not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act to 
    assess--
            (A) the capabilities of the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands to operate the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program established under the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) in a similar manner as the 
        program is operated in the States (as defined in section 3 of 
        that Act (7 U.S.C. 2012)); and
            (B) alternative models of the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program operation and benefit delivery that best 
        meet the nutrition assistance needs of the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands.
        (2) Scope.--The study conducted under paragraph (1)(A) shall 
    assess the capability of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
    Islands to fulfill the responsibilities of a State agency (as 
    defined in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
    U.S.C. 2012)), including--
            (A) extending and limiting participation to eligible 
        households, as required by sections 5 and 6 of that Act (7 
        U.S.C. 2014, 2015);
            (B) issuing benefits through EBT cards, as required by 
        section 7 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2016);
            (C) maintaining the integrity of the program, including 
        operation of a quality control system, as required by section 
        16(c) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2025(c));
            (D) implementing work requirements, including operating an 
        employment and training program, as required by section 6(d) of 
        that Act (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)); and
            (E) paying a share of administrative costs with non-Federal 
        funds, as required by section 16(a) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
        2016(a)).
    (b) Establishment.--If the Secretary determines that a pilot 
program is feasible, the Secretary shall establish a pilot program for 
the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to operate the 
supplemental nutrition assistance program in the same manner in which 
the program is operated in the States.
    (c) Scope.--The Secretary shall use the information obtained from 
the study conducted under subsection (a) to establish the scope of the 
pilot program established under subsection (b).
    (d) Report.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report on the pilot program carried out under this section, including 
an analysis of the feasibility of operating the supplemental nutrition 
assistance program in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 
in the same manner in which the program is operated in the States.
    (e) Funding.--
        (1) Study.--Of the funds made available under section 18(a)(1) 
    of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)), the 
    Secretary may use to conduct the study described in subsection (a) 
    not more than $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 and 2015.
        (2) Pilot program.--
            (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), of 
        the funds made available under section 18(a)(1) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)), the Secretary may 
        use to establish and carry out the pilot program under 
        subsection (b), including the Federal costs for providing 
        technical assistance to the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, authorizing and monitoring retail food stores, 
        and assessing pilot operations, not more than--
                (i) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 2016; and
                (ii) $8,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018.
            (B) Exception.--If the Secretary determines that a pilot 
        program described in subsection (b) is not feasible, the 
        Secretary shall provide to the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands any unspent funds described in subparagraph 
        (A), which shall--
                (i) be made available for obligation under the 
            Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands nutrition 
            assistance program block grant in addition to any other 
            funds made available for that grant; and
                (ii) remain available until expended.
SEC. 4032. ANNUAL STATE REPORT ON VERIFICATION OF SNAP PARTICIPATION.
    (a) Annual Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date specified 
by the Secretary during the 180-day period beginning on the date of 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, each State agency that 
carries out the supplemental nutrition assistance program established 
under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) shall 
submit to the Secretary a report containing sufficient information for 
the Secretary to determine whether the State agency has, for the most 
recently concluded fiscal year preceding that annual date, verified 
that the State agency in that fiscal year--
        (1) did not issue benefits to a deceased individual; and
        (2) did not issue benefits to an individual who had been 
    permanently disqualified from receiving benefits.
    (b) Penalty for Noncompliance.--For any fiscal year for which a 
State agency fails to comply with subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
impose a penalty that includes a reduction of up to 50 percent of the 
amount that would be otherwise payable to the State agency under 
section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a)) 
with respect to that fiscal year.
    (c) Report of Pilot Program to Test Prevention of Duplicate 
Participation.--Not later than 90 days after the completion in multiple 
States of a temporary pilot program to test the detection and 
prevention of duplicate participation by beneficiaries of the 
supplemental nutrition assistance program established under the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report assessing the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost for the 
expansion of the pilot program nationwide.
SEC. 4033. SERVICE OF TRADITIONAL FOODS IN PUBLIC FACILITIES.
    (a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
        (1) to provide access to traditional foods in food service 
    programs;
        (2) to encourage increased consumption of traditional foods to 
    decrease health disparities among Indians, particularly Alaska 
    Natives; and
        (3) to provide alternative food options for food service 
    programs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Alaska native.--The term ``Alaska Native'' means a person 
    who is a member of any Native village, Village Corporation, or 
    Regional Corporation (as those terms are defined in section 3 of 
    the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)).
        (2) Commissioner.--The term ``Commissioner'' means the 
    Commissioner of Food and Drugs.
        (3) Food service program.--The term ``food service program'' 
    includes--
            (A) food service at residential child care facilities that 
        have a license from an appropriate State agency;
            (B) any child nutrition program (as that term is defined in 
        section 25(b) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 1769f(b));
            (C) food service at hospitals, clinics, and long-term care 
        facilities; and
            (D) senior meal programs.
        (4) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms ``Indian'' and ``Indian 
    tribe'' have the meanings given those terms in section 4 of the 
    Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
    450b).
        (5) Traditional food.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``traditional food'' means food 
        that has traditionally been prepared and consumed by an Indian 
        tribe.
            (B) Inclusions.--The term ``traditional food'' includes--
                (i) wild game meat;
                (ii) fish;
                (iii) seafood;
                (iv) marine mammals;
                (v) plants; and
                (vi) berries.
        (6) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal organization'' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
    Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
    (c) Program.--The Secretary and the Commissioner shall allow the 
donation to and serving of traditional food through food service 
programs at public facilities and nonprofit facilities, including 
facilities operated by Indian tribes and facilities operated by tribal 
organizations, that primarily serve Indians if the operator of the food 
service program--
        (1) ensures that the food is received whole, gutted, gilled, as 
    quarters, or as a roast, without further processing;
        (2) makes a reasonable determination that--
            (A) the animal was not diseased;
            (B) the food was butchered, dressed, transported, and 
        stored to prevent contamination, undesirable microbial growth, 
        or deterioration; and
            (C) the food will not cause a significant health hazard or 
        potential for human illness;
        (3) carries out any further preparation or processing of the 
    food at a different time or in a different space from the 
    preparation or processing of other food for the applicable program 
    to prevent cross-contamination;
        (4) cleans and sanitizes food-contact surfaces of equipment and 
    utensils after processing the traditional food;
        (5) labels donated traditional food with the name of the food;
        (6) stores the traditional food separately from other food for 
    the applicable program, including through storage in a separate 
    freezer or refrigerator or in a separate compartment or shelf in 
    the freezer or refrigerator;
        (7) follows Federal, State, local, county, tribal, or other 
    non-Federal law regarding the safe preparation and service of food 
    in public or nonprofit facilities; and
        (8) follows other such criteria as established by the Secretary 
    and Commissioner.
    (d) Liability.--
        (1) In general.--The United States, an Indian tribe, and a 
    tribal organization shall not be liable in any civil action for any 
    damage, injury, or death caused to any person by the donation to or 
    serving of traditional foods through food service programs.
        (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (1) alters any 
    liability or other obligation of the United States under the Indian 
    Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 1450 et 
    seq.).

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.
    Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 
(7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended in the first sentence 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.
    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
        (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2)(B) of subsection (a), by striking 
    ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting ``2018'';
        (2) in the first sentence of subsection (d)(2), by striking 
    ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
        (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Eligibility.--Except as provided in subsection (m), the 
States shall only provide assistance under the commodity supplemental 
food program to low-income persons aged 60 and older.''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Phase-Out.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an 
individual who receives assistance under the commodity supplemental 
food program on the day before the date of enactment of this subsection 
shall continue to receive that assistance until the date on which the 
individual is no longer eligible for assistance under the eligibility 
requirements for the program in effect on the day before the date of 
enactment of this subsection.''.
SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL NUTRITION 
PROJECTS.
    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (7 
U.S.C. 1431e(2)(A)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4104. PROCESSING OF COMMODITIES.
    (a) In General.--Section 17 of the Commodity Distribution Reform 
Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 100-237) 
is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and processing'' 
    after ``donations''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Processing.--
        ``(1) In general.--For any program included under subsection 
    (b), the Secretary may, notwithstanding any other provision of 
    Federal or State law relating to the procurement of goods and 
    services--
            ``(A) retain title to commodities delivered to a processor, 
        on behalf of a State (including a State distributing agency and 
        a recipient agency), until such time as end products containing 
        the commodities, or similar commodities as approved by the 
        Secretary, are delivered to a State distributing agency or to a 
        recipient agency; and
            ``(B) promulgate regulations to ensure accountability for 
        commodities provided to a processor for processing into end 
        products, and to facilitate processing of commodities into end 
        products for use by recipient agencies.
        ``(2) Regulations.--The regulations described in paragraph 
    (1)(B) may provide that--
            ``(A) a processor that receives commodities for processing 
        into end products, or provides a service with respect to the 
        commodities or end products, in accordance with the agreement 
        of the processor with a State distributing agency or a 
        recipient agency, provide to the Secretary a bond or other 
        means of financial assurance to protect the value of the 
        commodities; and
            ``(B) in the event a processor fails to deliver to a State 
        distributing agency or a recipient agency an end product in 
        conformance with the processing agreement entered into under 
        this Act, the Secretary--
                ``(i) take action with respect to the bond or other 
            means of financial assurance pursuant to regulations 
            promulgated under this subsection; and
                ``(ii) distribute any proceeds obtained by the 
            Secretary to 1 or more State distributing agencies and 
            recipient agencies, as determined appropriate by the 
            Secretary.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 18 of the Commodity Distribution Reform 
Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 100-237) 
is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
following:
        ``(1) Commodities.--The term `commodities' means agricultural 
    commodities and their products that are donated by the Secretary 
    for use by recipient agencies.
        ``(2) End product.--The term `end product' means a food product 
    that contains processed commodities.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 3 of the 
Commodity Distribution Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 
612c note; Public Law 100-237) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(B) the program established under section 4(b) of the 
        Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b));''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3)(D), by striking ``the Committee on 
        Education and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee on 
        Education and the Workforce'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii), by striking ``section 32 of 
    the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and 
    inserting ``section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 
    612c)'';
        (3) in subsection (e)(1)(D)(iii), by striking subclause (II) 
    and inserting the following:

                    ``(II) the program established under section 4(b) 
                of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                2013(b));''; and

        (4) in subsection (k), by striking ``the Committee on Education 
    and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee on Education and the 
    Workforce''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR DISTRIBUTION TO 
SCHOOLS AND SERVICE INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 4202. PILOT PROJECT FOR PROCUREMENT OF UNPROCESSED FRUITS AND 
VEGETABLES.
    Section 6 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 
U.S.C. 1755) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Pilot Project for Procurement of Unprocessed Fruits and 
Vegetables.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a pilot project 
    under which the Secretary shall facilitate the procurement of 
    unprocessed fruits and vegetables in not more than 8 States 
    receiving funds under this Act.
        ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot project required by 
    this subsection is to provide selected States flexibility for the 
    procurement of unprocessed fruits and vegetables by permitting each 
    State--
            ``(A) to utilize multiple suppliers and products 
        established and qualified by the Secretary; and
            ``(B) to allow geographic preference, if desired, in the 
        procurement of the products under the pilot project.
        ``(3) Selection and participation.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall select States for 
        participation in the pilot project in accordance with criteria 
        established by the Secretary and terms and conditions 
        established for participation.
            ``(B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall ensure that at 
        least 1 project is located in a State in each of--
                ``(i) the Pacific Northwest Region;
                ``(ii) the Northeast Region;
                ``(iii) the Western Region;
                ``(iv) the Midwest Region; and
                ``(v) the Southern Region.
        ``(4) Priority.--In selecting States for participation in the 
    pilot project, the Secretary shall prioritize applications based 
    on--
            ``(A) the quantity and variety of growers of local fruits 
        and vegetables in the States on a per capita basis;
            ``(B) the demonstrated commitment of the States to farm-to-
        school efforts, as evidenced by prior efforts to increase and 
        promote farm-to-school programs in the States; and
            ``(C) whether the States contain a sufficient quantity of 
        local educational agencies, various population sizes, and 
        geographical locations.
        ``(5) Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.--
            ``(A) Recordkeeping requirement.--States selected to 
        participate in the pilot project, and participating school food 
        authorities within those States, shall keep records of the 
        fruits and vegetables received under the pilot project in such 
        manner and form as requested by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Reporting requirement.--Each participating State 
        shall submit to the Secretary a report on the success of the 
        pilot project in the State, including information on--
                ``(i) the quantity and cost of each type of fruit and 
            vegetable received by the State under the pilot project; 
            and
                ``(ii) the benefit provided by those procurements in 
            conducting school food service in the State, including 
            meeting school meal requirements.''.
SEC. 4203. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) takes 
effect on October 1, 2013.
SEC. 4204. DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS.
    Section 301(a) of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related 
Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341(a)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
        ``(3) Pregnant women and young children.--Not later than the 
    2020 report and in each report thereafter, the Secretaries shall 
    include national nutritional and dietary information and guidelines 
    for pregnant women and children from birth until the age of 2.''.
SEC. 4205. MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.
    Subtitle D of title II of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6951 et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 242. MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish, in the office of 
the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services, a 
multiagency task force for the purpose of providing coordination and 
direction for commodity programs.
    ``(b) Composition.--The Task Force shall be composed of at least 4 
members, including--
        ``(1) a representative from the Food Distribution Division of 
    the Food and Nutrition Service, who shall--
            ``(A) be appointed by the Under Secretary for Food, 
        Nutrition, and Consumer Services; and
            ``(B) serve as Chairperson of the Task Force;
        ``(2) at least 1 representative from the Agricultural Marketing 
    Service, who shall be appointed by the Under Secretary for 
    Marketing and Regulatory Programs;
        ``(3) at least 1 representative from the Farm Services Agency, 
    who shall be appointed by the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign 
    Agricultural Services; and
        ``(4) at least 1 representative from the Food Safety and 
    Inspection Service, who shall be appointed by the Under Secretary 
    for Food Safety.
    ``(c) Duties.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Task Force shall be responsible for 
    evaluation and monitoring of the commodity programs to ensure that 
    the commodity programs meet the mission of the Department--
            ``(A) to support the United States farm sector; and
            ``(B) to contribute to the health and well-being of 
        individuals in the United States through the distribution of 
        domestic agricultural products through commodity programs.
        ``(2) Specific duties.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the Task 
    Force shall--
            ``(A) review and make recommendations regarding the 
        specifications used for the procurement of food commodities;
            ``(B) review and make recommendations regarding the 
        efficient and effective distribution of food commodities; and
            ``(C) review and make recommendations regarding the degree 
        to which the quantity, quality, and specifications of procured 
        food commodities align the needs of producers and the 
        preferences of recipient agencies.
    ``(d) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this section, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report that describes, for the period covered by the 
report--
        ``(1) the findings and recommendations of the Task Force; and
        ``(2) policies implemented for the improvement of commodity 
    procurement programs.''.
SEC. 4206. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.
    Subtitle D of title II of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6951 et seq.) (as amended by 
section 4205) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 243. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.
    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to enhance the 
authorities of the Secretary to support efforts to provide access to 
healthy food by establishing an initiative to improve access to healthy 
foods in underserved areas, to create and preserve quality jobs, and to 
revitalize low-income communities by providing loans and grants to 
eligible fresh, healthy food retailers to overcome the higher costs and 
initial barriers to entry in underserved areas.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Community development financial institution.--The term 
    `community development financial institution' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 103 of the Community Development Banking and 
    Financial Institutions Act of 1994 (12 U.S.C. 4702).
        ``(2) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' means the Healthy Food 
    Financing Initiative established under subsection (c)(1).
        ``(3) National fund manager.--The term `national fund manager' 
    means a community development financial institution that is--
            ``(A) in existence on the date of enactment of this 
        section; and
            ``(B) certified by the Community Development Financial 
        Institution Fund of the Department of Treasury to manage the 
        Initiative for purposes of--
                ``(i) raising private capital;
                ``(ii) providing financial and technical assistance to 
            partnerships; and
                ``(iii) funding eligible projects to attract fresh, 
            healthy food retailers to underserved areas, in accordance 
            with this section.
        ``(4) Partnership.--The term `partnership' means a regional, 
    State, or local public-private partnership that--
            ``(A) is organized to improve access to fresh, healthy 
        foods;
            ``(B) provides financial and technical assistance to 
        eligible projects; and
            ``(C) meets such other criteria as the Secretary may 
        establish.
        ``(5) Perishable food.--The term `perishable food' means a 
    staple food that is fresh, refrigerated, or frozen.
        ``(6) Quality job.--The term `quality job' means a job that 
    provides wages and other benefits comparable to, or better than, 
    similar positions in existing businesses of similar size in similar 
    local economies.
        ``(7) Staple food.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `staple food' means food that 
        is a basic dietary item.
            ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `staple food' includes--
                ``(i) bread or cereal;
                ``(ii) flour;
                ``(iii) fruits;
                ``(iv) vegetables;
                ``(v) meat; and
                ``(vi) dairy products.
    ``(c) Initiative.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an 
    initiative to achieve the purpose described in subsection (a) in 
    accordance with this subsection.
        ``(2) Implementation.--
            ``(A) In general.--
                ``(i) In general.--In carrying out the Initiative, the 
            Secretary shall provide funding to entities with eligible 
            projects, as described in subparagraph (B), subject to the 
            priorities described in subparagraph (C).
                ``(ii) Use of funds.--Funds provided to an entity 
            pursuant to clause (i) shall be used--

                    ``(I) to create revolving loan pools of capital or 
                other products to provide loans to finance eligible 
                projects or partnerships;
                    ``(II) to provide grants for eligible projects or 
                partnerships;
                    ``(III) to provide technical assistance to funded 
                projects and entities seeking Initiative funding; and
                    ``(IV) to cover administrative expenses of the 
                national fund manager in an amount not to exceed 10 
                percent of the Federal funds provided.

            ``(B) Eligible projects.--Subject to the approval of the 
        Secretary, the national fund manager shall establish 
        eligibility criteria for projects under the Initiative, which 
        shall include the existence or planned execution of 
        agreements--
                ``(i) to expand or preserve the availability of staple 
            foods in underserved areas with moderate- and low-income 
            populations by maintaining or increasing the number of 
            retail outlets that offer an assortment of perishable food 
            and staple food items, as determined by the Secretary, in 
            those areas; and
                ``(ii) to accept benefits under the supplemental 
            nutrition assistance program established under the Food and 
            Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
            ``(C) Priorities.--In carrying out the Initiative, priority 
        shall be given to projects that--
                ``(i) are located in severely distressed low-income 
            communities, as defined by the Community Development 
            Financial Institutions Fund of the Department of Treasury; 
            and
                ``(ii) include 1 or more of the following 
            characteristics:

                    ``(I) The project will create or retain quality 
                jobs for low-income residents in the community.
                    ``(II) The project supports regional food systems 
                and locally grown foods, to the maximum extent 
                practicable.
                    ``(III) In areas served by public transit, the 
                project is accessible by public transit.
                    ``(IV) The project involves women- or minority-
                owned businesses.
                    ``(V) The project receives funding from other 
                sources, including other Federal agencies.
                    ``(VI) The project otherwise advances the purpose 
                of this section, as determined by the Secretary.

    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $125,000,000, 
to remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 4207. PURCHASE OF HALAL AND KOSHER FOOD FOR EMERGENCY FOOD 
ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 202 of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
7502) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Kosher and Halal Food.--As soon as practicable after the date 
of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall finalize and 
implement a plan--
        ``(1) to increase the purchase of Kosher and Halal food from 
    food manufacturers with a Kosher or Halal certification to carry 
    out the program established under this Act if the Kosher and Halal 
    food purchased is cost neutral as compared to food that is not from 
    food manufacturers with a Kosher or Halal certification; and
        ``(2) to modify the labeling of the commodities list used to 
    carry out the program in a manner that enables Kosher and Halal 
    distribution entities to identify which commodities to obtain from 
    local food banks.''.
SEC. 4208. FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.
    Section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7517) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 4405. FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.
    ``(a) In General.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
            ``(A) a nonprofit organization (including an emergency 
        feeding organization);
            ``(B) an agricultural cooperative;
            ``(C) a producer network or association;
            ``(D) a community health organization;
            ``(E) a public benefit corporation;
            ``(F) an economic development corporation;
            ``(G) a farmers' market;
            ``(H) a community-supported agriculture program;
            ``(I) a buying club;
            ``(J) a retail food store participating in the supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program;
            ``(K) a State, local, or tribal agency; and
            ``(L) any other entity the Secretary designates.
        ``(2) Emergency feeding organization.--The term `emergency 
    feeding organization' has the meaning given the term in section 
    201A of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7501).
        ``(3) Supplemental nutrition assistance program.--The term 
    `supplemental nutrition assistance program' means the supplemental 
    nutrition assistance program established under the Food and 
    Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
    ``(b) Food Insecurity Nutrition Incentive Grants.--
        ``(1) Authorization.--
            ``(A) In general.--In each of the years specified in 
        subsection (c), the Secretary shall make grants to eligible 
        entities in accordance with paragraph (2).
            ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of 
        carrying out an activity under this subsection shall not exceed 
        50 percent of the total cost of the activity.
            ``(C) Non-federal share.--
                ``(i) In general.--The non-Federal share of the cost of 
            an activity under this subsection may be provided--

                    ``(I) in cash or in-kind contributions as 
                determined by the Secretary, including facilities, 
                equipment, or services; and
                    ``(II) by a State or local government or a private 
                source.

                ``(ii) Limitation.--In the case of a for-profit entity, 
            the non-Federal share described in clause (i) shall not 
            include services of an employee, including salaries paid or 
            expenses covered by the employer.
        ``(2) Criteria.--
            ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this subsection, an 
        eligible entity is a governmental agency or nonprofit 
        organization that--
                ``(i) meets the application criteria set forth by the 
            Secretary; and
                ``(ii) proposes a project that, at a minimum--

                    ``(I) has the support of the State agency;
                    ``(II) would increase the purchase of fruits and 
                vegetables by low-income consumers participating in the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program by providing 
                incentives at the point of purchase;
                    ``(III) agrees to participate in the evaluation 
                described in paragraph (4);
                    ``(IV) ensures that the same terms and conditions 
                apply to purchases made by individuals with benefits 
                issued under this Act and incentives provided for in 
                this subsection as apply to purchases made by 
                individuals who are not members of households receiving 
                benefits, such as provided for in section 278.2(b) of 
                title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
                regulation); and
                    ``(V) includes effective and efficient technologies 
                for benefit redemption systems that may be replicated 
                in other States and communities.

            ``(B) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to projects that--
                ``(i) maximize the share of funds used for direct 
            incentives to participants;
                ``(ii) use direct-to-consumer sales marketing;
                ``(iii) demonstrate a track record of designing and 
            implementing successful nutrition incentive programs that 
            connect low-income consumers and agricultural producers;
                ``(iv) provide locally or regionally produced fruits 
            and vegetables;
                ``(v) are located in underserved communities; or
                ``(vi) address other criteria as established by the 
            Secretary.
        ``(3) Applicability.--
            ``(A) In general.--The value of any benefit provided to a 
        participant in any activity funded under this subsection shall 
        be treated as supplemental nutrition benefits under section 
        8(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2017(b)).
            ``(B) Prohibition on collection of sales taxes.--Each State 
        shall ensure that no State or local tax is collected on a 
        purchase of food under this subsection.
            ``(C) No limitation on benefits.--A grant made available 
        under this subsection shall not be used to carry out any 
        project that limits the use of benefits under the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) or any other 
        Federal nutrition law.
            ``(D) Household allotment.--Assistance provided under this 
        subsection to households receiving benefits under the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program shall not--
                ``(i) be considered part of the supplemental nutrition 
            assistance program benefits of the household; or
                ``(ii) be used in the collection or disposition of 
            claims under section 13 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
            2008 (7 U.S.C. 2022).
        ``(4) Evaluation.--
            ``(A) Independent evaluation.--The Secretary shall provide 
        for an independent evaluation of projects selected under this 
        subsection that measures the impact of each project on--
                ``(i) improving the nutrition and health status of 
            participating households receiving incentives under this 
            subsection; and
                ``(ii) increasing fruit and vegetable purchases in 
            participating households.
            ``(B) Requirement.--The independent evaluation under 
        subparagraph (A) shall use rigorous methodologies capable of 
        producing scientifically valid information regarding the 
        effectiveness of a project.
            ``(C) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds not to exceed 10 
        percent of the funding provided to carry out this section to 
        pay costs associated with administering, monitoring, and 
        evaluating each project.
    ``(c) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out subsection (b) $5,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(2) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out subsection (b)--
            ``(A) $35,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2014 and 
        2015;
            ``(B) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 and 2017; 
        and
            ``(C) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.
SEC. 4209. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SERVICE LEARNING PROGRAM.
    Title IV of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``SEC. 413. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SERVICE LEARNING PROGRAM.
    ``(a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations 
under subsection (e), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the 
National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and working in consultation 
with other appropriate Federal agencies that oversee national service 
programs, shall administer a competitively awarded food and agriculture 
service learning grant program (referred to in this section as the 
`Program') to increase knowledge of agriculture and improve the 
nutritional health of children.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are--
        ``(1) to increase capacity for food, garden, and nutrition 
    education within host organizations or entities and school 
    cafeterias and in the classroom;
        ``(2) to complement and build on the efforts of the farm to 
    school programs implemented under section 18(g) of the Richard B. 
    Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769(g));
        ``(3) to complement efforts by the Department and school food 
    authorities to implement the school lunch program established under 
    the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
    seq.) and the school breakfast program established by section 4 of 
    the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773);
        ``(4) to carry out activities that advance the nutritional 
    health of children and nutrition education in elementary schools 
    and secondary schools (as those terms are defined in section 9101 
    of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
    7801)); and
        ``(5) to foster higher levels of community engagement and 
    support the expansion of national service and volunteer 
    opportunities.
    ``(c) Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the Director of 
    the National Institute of Food and Agriculture shall make 
    competitive grants to eligible entities that carry out the purposes 
    described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b).
        ``(2) Priorities.--In making grants under this section, the 
    Secretary may consider projects that are carried out by entities 
    that--
            ``(A) have a proven track record in carrying out the 
        purposes described in subsection (b);
            ``(B) work in underserved rural and urban communities;
            ``(C) teach and engage children in experiential learning 
        about agriculture, gardening, nutrition, cooking, and where 
        food comes from; and
            ``(D) facilitate a connection between elementary schools 
        and secondary schools and agricultural producers in the local 
        and regional area.
    ``(d) Accountability.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may require a partner 
    organization or other qualified entity to collect and report any 
    data on the activities carried out under the Program, as determined 
    by the Secretary.
        ``(2) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) conduct regular evaluations of the activities carried 
        out under the Program; and
            ``(B) submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report that includes a description 
        of the results of each evaluation conducted under subparagraph 
        (A).
    ``(e) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out the Program $25,000,000, to remain 
    available until expended.
        ``(2) Administration.--Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) of 
    subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
    Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)) shall apply with respect to the making 
    of a competitive grant under this section.
        ``(3) Maintenance of effort.--Funds made available under 
    paragraph (1) shall be used only to supplement, not to supplant, 
    the amount of Federal funding otherwise expended for nutrition, 
    research, and extension programs of the Department.''.
SEC. 4210. NUTRITION INFORMATION AND AWARENESS PILOT PROGRAM.
    Section 4403 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3171 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
SEC. 4211. TERMINATION OF EXISTING AGREEMENT.
    Effective beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
memorandum of understanding entered into on July 22, 2004, by the 
Secretary of Agriculture of the United States Department of Agriculture 
and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Mexico and 
known as the ``Partnership for Nutrition Assistance Initiative'' is 
null and void.
SEC. 4212. REVIEW OF SOLE-SOURCE CONTRACTS IN FEDERAL NUTRITION 
PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an evaluation of sole-
source contracts in Federal nutrition programs carried out by the 
Secretary, and the effect the contracts have on program participation, 
program goals, nonprogram consumers, retailers, and free market 
dynamics.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the 
findings of the review conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 4213. PULSE CROP PRODUCTS.
    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage greater 
awareness and interest in the number and variety of pulse crop products 
available to schoolchildren, as recommended by the most recent Dietary 
Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 of the National 
Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Eligible pulse crop.--The term ``eligible pulse crop'' 
    means dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas.
        (2) Pulse crop product.--The term ``pulse crop product'' means 
    a food product derived in whole or in part from an eligible pulse 
    crop.
    (c) Purchase of Pulse Crops and Pulse Crop Products.--In addition 
to the commodities delivered under section 6 of the Richard B. Russell 
National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1755), subject to the availability 
of appropriations, the Secretary shall purchase eligible pulse crops 
and pulse crop products for use in--
        (1) the school lunch program established under the Richard B. 
    Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.); and
        (2) the school breakfast program established by section 4 of 
    the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).
    (d) Evaluation.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the Secretary 
shall conduct an evaluation of the activities conducted under 
subsection (c), including--
        (1) an evaluation of whether children participating in the 
    school lunch and breakfast programs described in subsection (c) 
    increased overall consumption of eligible pulse crops as a result 
    of the activities;
        (2) an evaluation of which eligible pulse crops and pulse crop 
    products are most acceptable for use in the school lunch and 
    breakfast programs;
        (3) any recommendations of the Secretary regarding the 
    integration of the use of pulse crop products in carrying out the 
    school lunch and breakfast programs;
        (4) an evaluation of any change in the nutrient composition in 
    the school lunch and breakfast programs due to the activities; and
        (5) an evaluation of any other outcomes determined to be 
    appropriate by the Secretary.
    (e) Report.--As soon as practicable after the completion of the 
evaluation under subsection (d), the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the 
Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representative 
a report describing the results of the evaluation.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000, to remain available 
until expended.
SEC. 4214. PILOT PROJECT FOR CANNED, FROZEN, OR DRIED FRUITS AND 
VEGETABLES.
    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), in the 2014-2015 school 
year, the Secretary shall carry out a pilot project in schools 
participating in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program under section 19 
of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769a) 
(referred to in this section as the ``Program''), in not less than 5 
States, to evaluate the impact of allowing schools to offer canned, 
frozen, or dried fruits and vegetables as part of the Program.
    (b) Requirements.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish criteria for the 
conditions under which canned, frozen, or dried fruits and vegetables 
may be offered, which shall be in accordance with the most recent 
Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 of the 
National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 5341).
    (c) Evaluation.--With respect to the pilot project, the Secretary 
shall evaluate--
        (1) the impacts on fruit and vegetable consumption at the 
    schools participating in the pilot project;
        (2) the impacts of the pilot project on school participation in 
    the Program and operation of the Program;
        (3) the implementation strategies used by the schools 
    participating in the pilot project;
        (4) the acceptance of the pilot project by key stakeholders; 
    and
        (5) such other outcomes as are determined by the Secretary.
    (d) Reports.--
        (1) Interim report.--Not later than January 1, 2015, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and Workforce 
    of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the 
    results of the evaluation under subsection (c).
        (2) Final report.--On completion of the pilot project, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and Workforce 
    of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the 
    results of the evaluation under subsection (c).
    (e) Notice of Availability.--As soon as practicable after the date 
on which the Secretary establishes the criteria for the pilot project 
under subsection (b), the Secretary shall notify potentially eligible 
schools of the potential eligibility of the schools for participation 
in the pilot project.
    (f) Relationship to Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program.--Nothing in 
this section permits a school that is not a part of the pilot project 
to offer anything other than fresh fruits and vegetables through the 
Program.
    (g) Funding.--The Secretary shall use $5,000,000 of amounts 
otherwise made available to the Secretary to carry out this section.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT
                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5001. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.
    (a) In General.--Section 302(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(a) In General.--
        ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
        (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``and limited liability 
    companies'' and inserting ``limited liability companies, and such 
    other legal entities as the Secretary considers appropriate,'';
        (3) in the second sentence, by redesignating paragraphs (1) 
    through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively;
        (4) in each of the second and third sentences, by striking 
    ``and limited liability companies'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
    entities'';
        (5) in the third sentence--
            (A) by striking ``clause (3)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
        (C)'';
            (B) by striking ``clause (4)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
        (D)''; and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Special rules.--
            ``(A) Eligibility of certain operating-only entities.--An 
        entity that is or will become only the operator of a family 
        farm shall be considered to meet the owner-operator 
        requirements of paragraph (1) if the individuals that are the 
        owners of the family farm own more than 50 percent (or such 
        other percentage as the Secretary determines is appropriate) of 
        the entity.
            ``(B) Eligibility of certain embedded entities.--An entity 
        that is an owner-operator described in paragraph (1), or an 
        operator described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph that 
        is owned, in whole or in part, by other entities, shall be 
        considered to meet the direct ownership requirement imposed 
        under paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent of the ownership 
        interests of each embedded entity of the entity is owned 
        directly or indirectly by the individuals that own the family 
        farm.''.
    (b) Direct Farm Ownership Experience Requirement.--Section 
302(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
1922(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
inserting ``or has other acceptable experience for a period of time, as 
determined by the Secretary,'' after ``3 years''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 304(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
    Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)(2)) by striking ``paragraphs (1) 
    and (2) of section 302(a)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (A) and 
    (B) of section 302(a)(1)''.
        (2) Section 310D(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
    Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1934(a)) is amended in the second 
    sentence--
            (A) by inserting after ``partnership'' the following: ``, 
        or such other legal entities as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate,''; and
            (B) by striking ``or partners'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``partners, or owners''.
SEC. 5002. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.
    (a) Eligibility.--Section 304(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)) is amended by striking ``or limited 
liability companies'' and inserting ``limited liability companies, or 
such other legal entities as the Secretary considers appropriate''.
    (b) Limitations Applicable to Loan Guarantees.--Section 304(e) of 
the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(e)) is 
amended by striking ``shall be 75 percent of the principal amount of 
the loan.'' and inserting ``shall be--
        ``(1) 80 percent of the principal amount of the loan; or
        ``(2) in the case of a producer that is a qualified socially 
    disadvantaged farmer or rancher or a beginning farmer or rancher, 
    90 percent of the principal amount of the loan.''.
    (c) Extension of Program.--Section 304 of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924) is amended by striking subsection 
(h) and inserting the following:
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $150,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 5003. JOINT FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS.
    Section 307(a)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1927(a)(3)) is amended by striking subparagraph (D) and 
inserting the following:
            ``(D) Joint financing arrangements.--If a direct farm 
        ownership loan is made under this subtitle as part of a joint 
        financing arrangement and the amount of the direct farm 
        ownership loan does not exceed 50 percent of the total 
        principal amount financed under the arrangement, the interest 
        rate on the direct farm ownership loan shall be a rate equal to 
        the greater of--
                ``(i) the difference between--

                    ``(I) 2 percent; and
                    ``(II) the interest rate for farm ownership loans 
                under this subtitle; or

                ``(ii) 2.5 percent.''.
SEC. 5004. ELIMINATION OF MINERAL RIGHTS APPRAISAL REQUIREMENT.
    Section 307 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1927) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 5005. DOWN PAYMENT LOAN PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 310E(b)(1)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)(1)(C)) is amended by striking 
``$500,000'' and inserting ``$667,000''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310E(b) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)) is amended by striking 
paragraph (2) (as added by section 7(a) of Public Law 102-554; 106 
Stat. 4145).

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5101. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OPERATING LOANS.
    Section 311(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1941(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(a) In General.--
        ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
        (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``and limited liability 
    companies'' and inserting `` limited liability companies, and such 
    other legal entities as the Secretary considers appropriate,'';
        (3) in the second sentence, by redesignating paragraphs (1) 
    through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively;
        (4) in each of the second and third sentences, by striking 
    ``and limited liability companies'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
    entities'';
        (5) in the third sentence--
            (A) by striking ``clause (3)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
        (C)''; and
            (B) by striking ``clause (4)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
        (D)''; and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Special rule.--An entity that is an operator described in 
    paragraph (1) that is owned, in whole or in part, by other 
    entities, shall be considered to meet the direct ownership 
    requirement imposed under paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent of 
    the ownership interests of each embedded entity of the entity is 
    owned directly or indirectly by the individuals that own the family 
    farm.''.
SEC. 5102. ELIMINATION OF RURAL RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT FOR OPERATING 
LOANS TO YOUTH.
    Section 311(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``who are rural 
residents''.
SEC. 5103. DEFAULTS BY YOUTH LOAN BORROWERS.
    Section 311(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1941(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Equitable considerations for default.--
            ``(A) Debt forgiveness.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may, on a case-by-case 
            basis, provide debt forgiveness to a borrower for a loan 
            made under this subsection if the borrower was unable to 
            timely repay the loan due to circumstances beyond the 
            control of the borrower, as determined by the Secretary, 
            including any natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other 
            man-made disaster that results in an inordinate level of 
            damage or disruption severely affecting the borrower.
                ``(ii) Eligibility for future loans.--Notwithstanding 
            any other provision of law, debt forgiveness provided under 
            this subparagraph shall not be used by any Federal agency 
            in determining the eligibility of the borrower for any loan 
            made or guaranteed by the agency.
            ``(B) Education loans.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, if a borrower becomes delinquent or is provided with 
        debt forgiveness with respect to a youth loan made under this 
        subsection, the borrower shall not become ineligible, as a 
        result of the delinquency or debt forgiveness, to receive loans 
        and loan guarantees from the Federal Government to pay for 
        education expenses of the borrower.''.
SEC. 5104. TERM LIMITS ON DIRECT OPERATING LOANS.
    Section 311(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1941(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Annual report on term limits on direct operating loans.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall prepare a report 
        annually that describes--
                ``(i) the status of the direct operating loan program 
            of the Department of Agriculture; and
                ``(ii) the impact of term limits on direct loan 
            borrowers.
            ``(B) Demographic information.--
                ``(i) In general.--The report shall provide a 
            demographic breakdown, on a State-by-State basis, of--

                    ``(I) all direct loan borrowers; and
                    ``(II) borrowers that have reached the eligibility 
                limit for direct lending programs during the previous 
                calendar year.

                ``(ii) Demographic information.--The available 
            demographic information shall include, to the maximum 
            extent practicable, a description of race or ethnicity, 
            gender, age, type of farm or ranch, financial 
            classification, number of years of indebtedness, veteran 
            status, and other similar information, as determined by the 
            Secretary.
            ``(C) Additional content.--In addition to information 
        described in subparagraph (B), the report shall provide--
                ``(i) a demographic analysis of the borrowers impacted 
            by term limits;
                ``(ii) information on the conditions impacting the 
            direct lending portfolio of the Department of Agriculture, 
            including impacts by region and agriculture sector, and 
            credit availability within those regions and sectors;
                ``(iii) to the maximum extent practicable, information 
            on the status of borrower operations impacted by term 
            limits; and
                ``(iv) recommendations, if appropriate, to address any 
            identifiable unmet credit needs.
            ``(D) Submission.--The Secretary shall--
                ``(i) annually submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
            of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
            Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a copy 
            of the report; and
                ``(ii) make the report available to the public, 
            including posting the report on the website of the 
            Department of Agriculture.''.
SEC. 5105. VALUATION OF LOCAL OR REGIONAL CROPS.
    Section 312 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1942) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Valuation of Local or Regional Crops.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop ways to 
    determine unit prices (or other appropriate forms of valuation) for 
    crops and other agricultural products, the end use of which is 
    intended to be in locally or regionally produced agricultural food 
    products, to facilitate lending to local and regional food 
    producers.
        ``(2) Price history.--The Secretary shall implement a mechanism 
    for local and regional food producers to establish price history 
    for the crops and other agricultural products produced by local and 
    regional food producers.''.
SEC. 5106. MICROLOANS.
    (a) In General.--Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(c) Microloans.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
    establish a program to make or guarantee microloans.
        ``(2) Limitations.--The Secretary shall not make or guarantee a 
    microloan under this subsection that would cause the total 
    principal indebtedness outstanding at any 1 time for microloans 
    made under this title to any 1 borrower to exceed $50,000.
        ``(3) Applications.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
    Secretary shall limit the administrative burdens and streamline the 
    application and approval process for microloans under this 
    subsection.
        ``(4) Cooperative lending pilot projects.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), during each 
        of the 2014 through 2018 fiscal years, the Secretary may carry 
        out a pilot project to make loans to community development 
        financial institutions, as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate--
                ``(i) to make or guarantee microloans consistent with 
            the terms provided under this subsection; and
                ``(ii) to provide business, financial, marketing, and 
            credit management services to microloan borrowers.
            ``(B) Requirements.--Prior to making a loan to an 
        institution described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
        shall--
                ``(i) review and approve--

                    ``(I) the loan loss reserve fund for microloans 
                established by the institution; and
                    ``(II) the underwriting standards for microloans of 
                the institution; and

                ``(ii) establish such other requirements for making a 
            loan to the institution as the Secretary determines 
            necessary.
            ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a loan under 
        subparagraph (A), an institution described in subparagraph (A) 
        shall, as determined by the Secretary--
                ``(i) have the legal authority necessary to carry out 
            the actions described in subparagraph (A);
                ``(ii) have a proven track record of successfully 
            assisting agricultural borrowers; and
                ``(iii) have the services of a staff with appropriate 
            loan making and servicing expertise.
            ``(D) Oversight.--Not less often than annually, on a date 
        determined by the Secretary, an institution that has a loan 
        under this paragraph shall provide to the Secretary such 
        information as the Secretary may require to ensure that the 
        services provided by the institution are serving the purposes 
        of this subsection.
            ``(E) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not make more than 
        $10,000,000 in loans under this paragraph in any fiscal 
        year.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 311(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
    Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(c)) is amended by striking paragraph 
    (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Definition of direct operating loan.--In this subsection, 
    the term `direct operating loan' does not include--
            ``(A) a loan made to a youth under subsection (b); or
            ``(B) a microloan made to a beginning farmer or rancher or 
        a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) of 
        the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
        U.S.C. 2279(e)).''.
        (2) Section 312(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
    Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1942(a)) is amended in the matter 
    preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``(including a microloan, as 
    defined by the Secretary)'' after ``A direct loan''.
        (3) Section 316(a)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
    Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1946(a)(2)) is amended in the matter 
    preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``a microloan to a 
    beginning farmer or rancher or veteran farmer or rancher (as 
    defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
    and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)), or'' after ``The interest 
    rate on''.
SEC. 5107. TERM LIMITS ON GUARANTEED OPERATING LOANS.
    Section 319 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1949) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``(a) Graduation Plan.--''; 
    and
        (2) by striking subsection (b).

                      Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

SEC. 5201. ELIGIBILITY FOR EMERGENCY LOANS.
    Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``owner-operators (in the case of loans for a 
    purpose under subtitle A) or operators (in the case of loans for a 
    purpose under subtitle B)'' each place it appears and inserting 
    ``(in the case of farm ownership loans in accordance with subtitle 
    A) owner-operators or operators, or (in the case of loans for a 
    purpose under subtitle B) operators'';
        (2) in the first sentence--
            (A) by inserting ``, or such other legal entities as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate'' after ``limited liability 
        companies'' the first place it appears;
            (B) by inserting ``, or other legal entities'' after 
        ``limited liability companies'' the second place it appears; 
        and
            (C) by striking ``and limited liability companies,'' and 
        inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
        entities'';
        (3) in the second sentence, by striking ``ownership and 
    operator'' and inserting ``ownership or operator''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following: ``An entity that is an 
    owner-operator or operator described in this subsection shall be 
    considered to meet the direct ownership requirement imposed under 
    this subsection if at least 75 percent of the ownership interests 
    of each embedded entity of the entity is owned directly or 
    indirectly by the individuals that own the family farm.''.

                 Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
PILOT PROGRAM.
    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 5302. FARMER LOAN PILOT PROJECTS.
    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is 
amended by inserting after section 333C (7 U.S.C. 1983c) the following:
``SEC. 333D. FARMER LOAN PILOT PROJECTS.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may conduct pilot projects of 
limited scope and duration that are consistent with subtitle A through 
this subtitle to evaluate processes and techniques that may improve the 
efficiency and effectiveness of the programs carried out under subtitle 
A through this subtitle.
    ``(b) Notification.--The Secretary shall--
        ``(1) not less than 60 days before the date on which the 
    Secretary initiates a pilot project under subsection (a), submit 
    notice of the proposed pilot project to the Committee on 
    Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate; and
        ``(2) consider any recommendations or feedback provided to the 
    Secretary in response to the notice provided under paragraph 
    (1).''.
SEC. 5303. DEFINITION OF QUALIFIED BEGINNING FARMER OR RANCHER.
    (a) In General.--Section 343(a)(11) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)) is amended in 
subparagraphs (C) and (D)--
        (1) by striking ``or joint operation,'' each place it appears 
    and inserting ``joint operation, or such other legal entity as the 
    Secretary considers appropriate,'';
        (2) by striking ``or joint operators,'' each place it appears 
    and inserting ``joint operators, or owners,''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``corporation, has 
    stockholders,'' each place it appears in clauses (i)(II)(bb) and 
    (ii)(II)(bb) and inserting ``cooperative, corporation, partnership, 
    joint operation, or other such legal entity as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate, has members, stockholders, partners, or 
    joint operators,''.
    (b) Modification of Acreage Ownership Limitation.--Section 
343(a)(11)(F) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(F)) is amended by striking ``median acreage'' and 
inserting ``average acreage''.
SEC. 5304. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.
    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding 
subparagraph (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 5305. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.
    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
        (2) by striking ``of the total amount''.
SEC. 5306. BORROWER TRAINING.
    Section 359(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2006a(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``section 302(a)(2) 
or 311(a)(2)'' and inserting ``section 302(a)(1)(B) or 311(a)(1)(B)''.

                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5401. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.
    Section 506 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) 
is amended by striking ``2015'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 5402. LOANS TO PURCHASERS OF HIGHLY FRACTIONATED LAND.
    The first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 U.S.C. 488) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking 
    ``loans from'' and all that follows through ``1929)'' and inserting 
    ``direct loans in a manner consistent with direct loans pursuant to 
    subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
    U.S.C. 1981 et seq.)''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``pursuant to section 205(c) of the Indian 
        Land Consolidation Act (25 U.S.C. 2204(c))''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or to intermediaries in order to 
        establish revolving loan funds for the purchase of highly 
        fractionated land under that section'' before the period at the 
        end.
SEC. 5403. REMOVAL OF DUPLICATIVE APPRAISALS.
    Notwithstanding any other law (including regulations), in making 
loans under the first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 U.S.C. 488), 
borrowers who are Indian tribes, members of Indian tribes, or tribal 
corporations shall only be required to obtain 1 appraisal under an 
appraisal standard recognized as of the date of enactment of this Act 
by the Secretary or the Secretary of the Interior.
SEC. 5404. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE BY FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that --
        (1) the reasonable disclosure to stockholders by Farm Credit 
    System institutions regarding the compensation of Farm Credit 
    System institution senior officers is beneficial to stockholders' 
    understanding of the operation of their institutions;
        (2) transparency regarding compensation practices reinforces 
    the cooperative nature of Farm Credit System institutions;
        (3) the unique cooperative structure of the Farm Credit System 
    should be considered when promulgating rules;
        (4) the participation of stockholders in the election of the 
    boards of directors of Farm Credit System institutions provides 
    stockholders the opportunity to participate in the management of 
    their institutions;
        (5) as representatives of stockholders, the boards of directors 
    of Farm Credit System institutions importantly establish and 
    oversee the compensation practices of Farm Credit System 
    institutions to ensure the safe and sound operation of those 
    institutions; and
        (6) any regulation should strengthen and not hinder the ability 
    of Farm Credit System boards of directors to oversee compensation 
    practices.
    (b) Implementation.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Farm Credit Administration shall review its 
rules to reflect Congressional intent that a primary responsibility of 
the boards of directors of Farm Credit System institutions, as elected 
representatives of their stockholders, is to oversee compensation 
practices.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT
        Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

SEC. 6001. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.
    Section 306(a)(2)(B)(vii) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)(vii)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6002. ELIMINATION OF RESERVATION OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES GRANT 
PROGRAM FUNDS.
    Section 306(a)(19) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)) is amended by striking subparagraph (C).
SEC. 6003. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.
    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (22) and inserting 
the following:
        ``(22) Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall continue a national 
        rural water and wastewater circuit rider program that--
                ``(i) is consistent with the activities and results of 
            the program conducted before the date of enactment of this 
            clause, as determined by the Secretary; and
                ``(ii) receives funding from the Secretary, acting 
            through the Rural Utilities Service.
            ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph $20,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter.''.
SEC. 6004. USE OF LOAN GUARANTEES FOR COMMUNITY FACILITIES.
    Section 306(a)(24) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(24)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(C) Use of loan guarantees for community facilities.--The 
        Secretary shall consider the benefits to communities that 
        result from using loan guarantees in carrying out the community 
        facilities program and, to the maximum extent practicable, use 
        guarantees to enhance community involvement.''.
SEC. 6005. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
FACILITIES.
    Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6006. ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY FACILITIES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND 
TRAINING.
    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(26) Essential community facilities technical assistance and 
    training.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make grants to public 
        bodies and private nonprofit corporations (such as States, 
        counties, cities, townships, and incorporated towns and 
        villages, boroughs, authorities, districts, and Indian tribes 
        on Federal and State reservations) that will serve rural areas 
        for the purpose of enabling the public bodies and private 
        nonprofit corporations to provide to associations described in 
        paragraph (1) technical assistance and training, with respect 
        to essential community facilities programs authorized under 
        this subsection--
                ``(i) to assist communities in identifying and planning 
            for community facility needs;
                ``(ii) to identify public and private resources to 
            finance community facility needs;
                ``(iii) to prepare reports and surveys necessary to 
            request financial assistance to develop community 
            facilities;
                ``(iv) to prepare applications for financial 
            assistance;
                ``(v) to improve the management, including financial 
            management, related to the operation of community 
            facilities; or
                ``(vi) to assist with other areas of need identified by 
            the Secretary.
            ``(B) Selection priority.--In selecting recipients of 
        grants under this paragraph, the Secretary shall give priority 
        to private, nonprofit, or public organizations that have 
        experience in providing technical assistance and training to 
        rural entities.
            ``(C) Funding.--Not less than 3 nor more than 5 percent of 
        any funds appropriated to carry out each of the essential 
        community facilities grant, loan and loan guarantee programs as 
        authorized under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be 
        reserved for grants under this paragraph.''.
SEC. 6007. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
PROGRAM.
    Section 306A(i)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926a(i)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6008. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN ALASKA.
    Section 306D(d)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926d(d)(1)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6009. HOUSEHOLD WATER WELL SYSTEMS.
    Section 306E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926e(d)) is amended by striking ``$10,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 6010. RURAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY LOAN PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 310B(a)(2)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(a)(2)(A)) is amended by inserting 
``(including through the financing of working capital)'' after 
``employment''.
    (b) Greater Flexibility for Adequate Collateral Through Accounts 
Receivable.--Section 310B(g)(7) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(7)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``In determining'' and inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--In determining''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Accounts receivable.--In the discretion of the 
        Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the action would 
        not create or otherwise contribute to an unreasonable risk of 
        default or loss to the Federal Government, the Secretary may 
        take accounts receivable as security for the obligations 
        entered into in connection with loans and a borrower may use 
        accounts receivable as collateral to secure a loan made or 
        guaranteed under this subsection.''.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate such regulations 
as are necessary to implement the amendments made by this section.
SEC. 6011. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.
    Section 310B(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and by inserting the 
    following:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following
        ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this subsection $10,000,000 for each 
    of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 6012. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 310B of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932) is amended by striking subsection (c) 
and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Rural Business Development Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
    subsection to eligible entities described in paragraph (2) in rural 
    areas that primarily serve rural areas for purposes described in 
    paragraph (3).
        ``(2) Eligible entities.--The Secretary may make grants under 
    this subsection to--
            ``(A) governmental entities;
            ``(B) Indian tribes; and
            ``(C) nonprofit entities.
        ``(3) Eligible purposes for grants.--Eligible entities that 
    receive grants under this subsection may use the grant funds for--
            ``(A) business opportunity projects that--
                ``(i) identify and analyze business opportunities;
                ``(ii) identify, train, and provide technical 
            assistance to existing or prospective rural entrepreneurs 
            and managers;
                ``(iii) assist in the establishment of new rural 
            businesses and the maintenance of existing businesses, 
            including through business support centers;
                ``(iv) conduct regional, community, and local economic 
            development planning and coordination, and leadership 
            development; and
                ``(v) establish centers for training, technology, and 
            trade that will provide training to rural businesses in the 
            use of interactive communications technologies to develop 
            international trade opportunities and markets; and
            ``(B) projects that support the development of business 
        enterprises that finance or facilitate--
                ``(i) the development of small and emerging private 
            business enterprise;
                ``(ii) the establishment, expansion, and operation of 
            rural distance learning networks;
                ``(iii) the development of rural learning programs that 
            provide educational instruction or job training instruction 
            related to potential employment or job advancement to adult 
            students; and
                ``(iv) the provision of technical assistance and 
            training to rural communities for the purpose of improving 
            passenger transportation services or facilities.
        ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--
            ``(A) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
        to the Secretary to carry out this subsection $65,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, to remain available 
        until expended.
            ``(B) Allocation.--Of the funds made available under 
        subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year, not more than 10 percent 
        shall be used for the purposes described in paragraph 
        (3)(A).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by striking 
paragraph (11).
SEC. 6013. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.
    Section 310B(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(e)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (12) as paragraph (13);
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (11) the following:
        ``(12) Interagency working group.--Not later than 90 days after 
    the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the 
    Secretary shall coordinate and chair an interagency working group 
    to foster cooperative development and ensure coordination with 
    Federal agencies and national and local cooperative organizations 
    that have cooperative programs and interests.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (13) (as so redesignated), by striking 
    ``$50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
    inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018''.
SEC. 6014. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.
    Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(v)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(v)(I)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6015. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS PROGRAM.
    Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6016. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.
    Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6017. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
``SEC. 310H. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make or guarantee loans to 
eligible entities described in subsection (b) so that the eligible 
entities may relend the funds to individuals and entities for the 
purposes described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--Entities eligible for loans and loan 
guarantees described in subsection (a) are--
        ``(1) public agencies;
        ``(2) Indian tribes;
        ``(3) cooperatives; and
        ``(4) nonprofit corporations.
    ``(c) Eligible Purposes.--The proceeds from loans made or 
guaranteed by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) may be relent by 
eligible entities for projects that--
        ``(1) predominately serve communities in rural areas; and
        ``(2) as determined by the Secretary--
            ``(A) promote community development;
            ``(B) establish new businesses;
            ``(C) establish and support microlending programs; and
            ``(D) create or retain employment opportunities.
    ``(d) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not make loans under section 
623(a) of the Community Economic Development Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 
9812(a)).
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this subsection $25,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1323(b)(2) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 7 U.S.C. 1932 note) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    period; and
        (3) by striking subparagraph (C).
SEC. 6018. RURAL COLLEGE COORDINATED STRATEGY.
    Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Rural College Coordinated Strategy.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a coordinated 
    strategy across the relevant programs within the Rural Development 
    mission areas to serve the specific, local needs of rural 
    communities when making investments in rural community colleges and 
    technical colleges through other authorities in effect on the date 
    of enactment of this subsection.
        ``(2) Consultation.--In developing a coordinated strategy, the 
    Secretary shall consult with groups representing rural-serving 
    community colleges and technical colleges to coordinate critical 
    investments in rural community colleges and technical colleges 
    involved in workforce training.
        ``(3) Administration.--Nothing in this subsection provides a 
    priority for funding under authorities in effect on the date of 
    enactment of this subsection.
        ``(4) Use.--The Secretary shall use the coordinated strategy 
    and information developed for the strategy to more effectively 
    serve rural communities with respect to investments in community 
    colleges and technical colleges.''.
SEC. 6019. RURAL WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL INFRASTRUCTURE.
    Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
    ``require'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``require'' after ``(1)'';
        (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, require'' after ``314'';
        (4) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``require'' after 
    ``loans,'';
        (5) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(4)''; and
            (B) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
        (6) in paragraph (5)--
            (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(5)''; and
            (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
        and''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) in the case of water and waste disposal direct and 
    guaranteed loans provided under section 306, encourage, to the 
    maximum extent practicable, private or cooperative lenders to 
    finance rural water and waste disposal facilities by--
            ``(A) maximizing the use of loan guarantees to finance 
        eligible projects in rural communities in which the population 
        exceeds 5,500;
            ``(B) maximizing the use of direct loans to finance 
        eligible projects in rural communities if the impact on 
        ratepayers will be material when compared to financing with a 
        loan guarantee;
            ``(C) establishing and applying a materiality standard when 
        determining the difference in impact on ratepayers between a 
        direct loan and a loan guarantee;
            ``(D) in the case of projects that require interim 
        financing in excess of $500,000, requiring that the projects 
        initially seek the financing from private or cooperative 
        lenders; and
            ``(E) determining if an existing direct loan borrower can 
        refinance with a private or cooperative lender, including with 
        a loan guarantee, prior to providing a new direct loan.''.
SEC. 6020. SIMPLIFIED APPLICATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 333A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Simplified Application Forms.--Except as provided in 
subsection (g)(2), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable, develop a simplified application process, including a 
single page application if practicable, for grants and relending 
authorized under sections 306, 306C, 306D, 306E, 310B(b), 310B(c), 
310B(e), 310B(f), 310H, 379B, and 379E.''.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
contains an evaluation of the implementation of the amendment made by 
subsection (a).
SEC. 6021. NATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP.
    Section 378 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008m) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
SEC. 6022. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.
    Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended by striking subsection (d) and inserting 
the following:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 6023. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 379E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008s(d)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
SEC. 6024. HEALTH CARE SERVICES.
    Section 379G(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008u(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6025. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.
    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 379H. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.
    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any rural development program 
described in subsection (d)(2), the Secretary may give priority to an 
application for a project that, as determined and approved by the 
Secretary--
        ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements of this 
    title;
        ``(2) will be carried out solely in a rural area; and
        ``(3) supports strategic community and economic development 
    plans on a multijurisdictional basis.
    ``(b) Rural Area.--For purposes of subsection (a)(2), the Secretary 
shall consider an application to be for a project that will be carried 
out solely in a rural area only if--
        ``(1) in the case of an application for a project in the rural 
    community facilities category described in subsection (d)(2)(A), 
    the project will be carried out in a rural area described in 
    section 343(a)(13)(C);
        ``(2) in the case of an application for a project in the rural 
    utilities category described in subsection (d)(2)(B), the project 
    will be carried out in a rural area described in section 
    343(a)(13)(B); and
        ``(3) in the case of an application for a project in the rural 
    business and cooperative development category described in 
    subsection (d)(2)(C), the project will be carried out in a rural 
    area described in section 343(a)(13)(A).
    ``(c) Evaluation.--
        ``(1) In general.--In evaluating strategic applications, the 
    Secretary shall give a higher priority to strategic applications 
    for a plan described in subsection (a) that demonstrates to the 
    Secretary--
            ``(A) the plan was developed through the collaboration of 
        multiple stakeholders in the service area of the plan, 
        including the participation of combinations of stakeholders 
        such as State, local, and tribal governments, nonprofit 
        institutions, institutions of higher education, and private 
        entities;
            ``(B) an understanding of the applicable regional resources 
        that could support the plan, including natural resources, human 
        resources, infrastructure, and financial resources;
            ``(C) investment from other Federal agencies;
            ``(D) investment from philanthropic organizations; and
            ``(E) clear objectives for the plan and the ability to 
        establish measurable performance measures and to track progress 
        toward meeting the objectives.
        ``(2) Consistency with plans.--Applications involving State, 
    county, municipal, or tribal governments shall include an 
    indication of consistency with an adopted regional economic or 
    community development plan.
    ``(d) Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (e), 
    the Secretary may reserve for projects that support 
    multijurisdictional strategic community and economic development 
    plans described in subsection (a) an amount that does not exceed 10 
    percent of the funds made available for a fiscal year for a 
    functional category described in paragraph (2).
        ``(2) Functional categories.--The functional categories 
    described in this subsection are the following:
            ``(A) Rural community facilities category.--The rural 
        community facilities category consists of all amounts made 
        available for community facility grants and direct and 
        guaranteed loans under paragraph (1), (19), (20), (21), (24), 
        or (25) of section 306(a).
            ``(B) Rural utilities category.--The rural utilities 
        category consists of all amounts made available for--
                ``(i) water or waste disposal grants or direct or 
            guaranteed loans under paragraph (1), (2), or (24) of 
            section 306(a);
                ``(ii) rural water or wastewater technical assistance 
            and training grants under section 306(a)(14);
                ``(iii) emergency community water assistance grants 
            under section 306A; or
                ``(iv) solid waste management grants under section 
            310B(b).
            ``(C) Rural business and cooperative development 
        category.--The rural business and cooperative development 
        category consists of all amounts made available for--
                ``(i) business and industry direct and guaranteed loans 
            under section 310B(a)(2)(A); or
                ``(ii) rural business development grants under section 
            310B(c).
        ``(3) Period.--The reservation of funds described in paragraph 
    (2) may only extend through June 30 of the fiscal year in which the 
    funds were first made available.
    ``(e) Approved Applications.--
        ``(1) In general.--Any applicant who submitted a rural 
    development application that was approved before the date of 
    enactment of this section may amend the application to qualify for 
    the funds reserved under subsection (d)(1).
        ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any rural development application 
    authorized under section 306(a)(2), 306(a)(14), 306(a)(24), 306A, 
    or 310B(b) and approved by the Secretary before the date of 
    enactment of this section shall be eligible for the funds reserved 
    under subsection (d)(1) on the same basis as the applications 
    submitted under this section until September 30, 2016.''.
SEC. 6026. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-13) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6027. NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGIONAL AUTHORITY.
    (a) Audit.--Section 383L(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Ac (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-10(c)) is amended by inserting ``for 
any fiscal year for which funds are appropriated'' after ``annual 
basis''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 383N(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Termination of Authority.--Section 383O of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-13) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6028. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``$50,000,000 for the period 
of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

             Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

SEC. 6101. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.
    The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 is amended by inserting after 
section 4 (7 U.S.C. 904) the following:
``SEC. 5. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.
    ``(a) In General.--For electrification baseload generation loan 
guarantees, the Secretary shall, at the request of the borrower, charge 
an upfront fee to cover the costs of the loan guarantee.
    ``(b) Fee.--The fee described in subsection (a) for a loan 
guarantee shall be equal to the costs of the loan guarantee (within the 
meaning of section 502(5)(C) of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 
(2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(C))).
    ``(c) Limitation.--Funds received from a borrower to pay the fee 
described in this section shall not be derived from a loan or other 
debt obligation that is made or guaranteed by the Federal 
Government.''.
SEC. 6102. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR ELECTRIFICATION OR 
TELEPHONE PURPOSES.
    Section 313A(f) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c-1(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6103. EXPANSION OF 911 ACCESS.
    Section 315(d) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940e(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6104. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL 
AREAS.
    (a) In General.--Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(2) Priority.--In making loans or loan guarantees under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) establish not less than 2 evaluation periods for each 
        fiscal year to compare loan and loan guarantee applications and 
        to prioritize loans and loan guarantees to all or part of rural 
        communities that do not have residential broadband service that 
        meets the minimum acceptable level of broadband service 
        established under subsection (e);
            ``(B) give the highest priority to applicants that offer to 
        provide broadband service to the greatest proportion of 
        unserved households or households that do not have residential 
        broadband service that meets the minimum acceptable level of 
        broadband service established under subsection (e), as--
                ``(i) certified by the affected community, city, 
            county, or designee; or
                ``(ii) demonstrated on--

                    ``(I) the broadband map of the affected State if 
                the map contains address-level data; or
                    ``(II) the National Broadband Map if address-level 
                data is unavailable; and

            ``(C) provide equal consideration to all qualified 
        applicants, including applicants that have not previously 
        received loans or loan guarantees under paragraph (1); and
            ``(D) give priority to applicants that offer in the 
        applications of the applicants to provide broadband service not 
        predominantly for business service, if at least 25 percent of 
        the customers in the proposed service territory are commercial 
        interests.'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking clause (i) and 
        inserting the following:
                ``(i) demonstrate the ability to furnish, improve in 
            order to meet the minimum acceptable level of broadband 
            service established under subsection (e), or extend 
            broadband service to all or part of an unserved rural area 
            or an area below the minimum acceptable level of broadband 
            service established under subsection (e);'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking clause (i) and 
            inserting the following:
                ``(i) not less than 15 percent of the households in the 
            proposed service territory are unserved or have service 
            levels below the minimum acceptable level of broadband 
            service established under subsection (e); and'';
                (ii) in the heading of subparagraph (B), by striking 
            ``25''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (C)--

                    (I) in the subparagraph heading, by striking ``3 or 
                more''; and
                    (II) by striking clause (i) and inserting the 
                following:

                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), 
            subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not apply to an incumbent 
            service provider in the portion of a proposed service 
            territory in which the provider is upgrading broadband 
            service to meet the minimum acceptable level of broadband 
            service established under subsection (e) for the existing 
            territory of the incumbent service provider.'';
            (C) in paragraph (3)(B), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                ``(iii) Information.--Information submitted under this 
            subparagraph shall be--

                    ``(I) certified by the affected community, city, 
                county, or designee; or
                    ``(II) demonstrated on--

                        ``(aa) the broadband map of the affected State 
                    if the map contains address-level data; or
                        ``(bb) the National Broadband Map if address-
                    level data is unavailable.'';
            (D) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
        ``(5) Notice requirements.--The Secretary shall promptly 
    provide a fully searchable database on the website of the Rural 
    Utilities Service that contains, at a minimum--
            ``(A) notice of each application for a loan or loan 
        guarantee under this section describing the application, 
        including--
                ``(i) the identity of the applicant;
                ``(ii) a description of each application, including--

                    ``(I) each area proposed to be served by the 
                applicant; and
                    ``(II) the amount and type of support requested by 
                each applicant;

                ``(iii) the status of each application;
                ``(iv) the estimated number and proportion relative to 
            the service territory of households without terrestrial-
            based broadband service in those areas; and
                ``(v) a list of the census block groups or proposed 
            service territory, in a manner specified by the Secretary, 
            that the applicant proposes to service;
            ``(B) notice of each entity receiving assistance under this 
        section, including--
                ``(i) the name of the entity;
                ``(ii) the type of assistance being received;
                ``(iii) the purpose for which the entity is receiving 
            the assistance;
                ``(iv) each semiannual report submitted under paragraph 
            (8)(A) (redacted to protect any proprietary information in 
            the report); and
            ``(C) such other information as is sufficient to allow the 
        public to understand assistance provided under this section.'';
            (E) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(8) Reporting.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall require any entity 
        receiving assistance under this section to submit a semiannual 
        report for 3 years after completion of the project, in a format 
        specified by the Secretary, that describes--
                ``(i) the use by the entity of the assistance, 
            including new equipment and capacity enhancements that 
            support high-speed broadband access for educational 
            institutions, health care providers, and public safety 
            service providers (including the estimated number of end 
            users who are currently using or forecasted to use the new 
            or upgraded infrastructure); and
                ``(ii) the progress towards fulfilling the objectives 
            for which the assistance was granted, including--

                    ``(I) the number and location of residences and 
                businesses that will receive new broadband service, 
                existing network service improvements, and facility 
                upgrades resulting from the Federal assistance;
                    ``(II) the speed of broadband service;
                    ``(III) the average price of broadband service in a 
                proposed service area;
                    ``(IV) any changes in broadband service adoption 
                rates, including new subscribers generated from demand-
                side projects; and
                    ``(V) any metrics the Secretary determines to be 
                appropriate;

            ``(B) Additional reporting.--The Secretary may require any 
        additional reporting and information by any recipient of any 
        assistance under this section so as to ensure compliance with 
        this section.
        ``(9) Default and deobligation.--In addition to other authority 
    under applicable law, the Secretary shall establish written 
    procedures for all broadband programs administered by the Rural 
    Utilities Service under this or any other Act that, to the maximum 
    extent practicable--
            ``(A) recover funds from loan defaults;
            ``(B) deobligate any awards, less allowable costs that 
        demonstrate an insufficient level of performance (including 
        metrics determined by the Secretary) or fraudulent spending, to 
        the extent funds with respect to the award are available in the 
        account relating to the program established by this section;
            ``(C) award those funds, on a competitive basis, to new or 
        existing applicants consistent with this section; and
            ``(D) minimize overlap among the programs.
        ``(10) Service area assessment.--The Secretary shall, with 
    respect to an application for assistance under this section--
            ``(A) provide not less than 15 days for broadband service 
        providers to voluntarily submit information concerning the 
        broadband services that the providers offer in the census block 
        groups or tracts described in paragraph (5)(A)(v) so that the 
        Secretary may assess whether the applications submitted meet 
        the eligibility requirements under this section; and
            ``(B) if no broadband service provider submits information 
        under subparagraph (A), consider the number of providers in the 
        census block group or tract to be established by using--
                ``(i) the most current National Broadband Map of the 
            National Telecommunications and Information Administration; 
            or
                ``(ii) any other data regarding the availability of 
            broadband service that the Secretary may collect or obtain 
            through reasonable efforts.'';
        (3) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), for purposes of 
    this section, the minimum acceptable level of broadband service for 
    a rural area shall be at least--
            ``(A) a 4-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; and
            ``(B) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity.
        ``(2) Adjustments.--
            ``(A) In general.--At least once every 2 years, the 
        Secretary shall review, and may adjust through notice published 
        in the Federal Register, the minimum acceptable level of 
        broadband service established under paragraph (1) to ensure 
        that high quality, cost-effective broadband service is provided 
        to rural areas over time.
            ``(B) Considerations.--In making an adjustment to the 
        minimum acceptable level of broadband service under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may consider establishing 
        different transmission rates for fixed broadband service and 
        mobile broadband service.'';
        (4) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(2) Terms.--In determining the term and conditions of a loan 
    or loan guarantee, the Secretary may--
            ``(A) consider whether the recipient is or would be serving 
        an area that is unserved or has service levels below the 
        minimum acceptable level of broadband service established under 
        subsection (e); and
            ``(B) if the Secretary makes a determination in the 
        affirmative under subparagraph (A), establish a limited initial 
        deferral period or comparable terms necessary to achieve the 
        financial feasibility and long-term sustainability of the 
        project.'';
        (5) in subsection (j)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including any loan 
        terms or conditions for which the Secretary provided additional 
        assistance to unserved areas'' before the semicolon at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
            (C) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(7) the overall progress towards fulfilling the goal of 
    improving the quality of rural life by expanding rural broadband 
    access, as demonstrated by metrics, including--
            ``(A) the number of residences and businesses receiving new 
        broadband services;
            ``(B) network improvements, including facility upgrades and 
        equipment purchases;
            ``(C) average broadband speeds and prices on a local and 
        statewide basis;
            ``(D) any changes in broadband adoption rates; and
            ``(E) any specific activities that increased high speed 
        broadband access for educational institutions, health care 
        providers, and public safety service providers.''; and
        (6) in subsections (k)(1) and (l), by striking ``2012'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Study on Providing Effective Data for National Broadband 
Map.--.
        (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
    Secretary of Commerce and the Chairman of the Federal 
    Communications Commission, shall conduct a study of the ways that 
    data collected under the broadband programs of the Secretary of 
    Agriculture could be most effectively shared with the Commission to 
    support the development and maintenance of the National Broadband 
    Map by the Commission.
        (2) Inclusions.--The study shall include a consideration of the 
    circumstances under which address-level data could be collected by 
    the Secretary and appropriately shared with the Commission.
        (3) Completion.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete the study 
    required under this subsection.
        (4) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
    completion of the study, the Secretary shall submit a report 
    describing the results of the study to--
            (A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (B) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (C) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
        of the Senate; and
            (D) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate.
SEC. 6105. RURAL GIGABIT NETWORK PILOT PROGRAM.
    Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 603. RURAL GIGABIT NETWORK PILOT PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Definition of Ultra-High Speed Service.--In this section, the 
term `ultra-high speed service' means broadband service operating at a 
1 gigabit per second downstream transmission capacity.
    ``(b) Pilot Program.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot program 
to be known as the `Rural Gigabit Network Pilot Program', under which 
the Secretary may, at the discretion of the Secretary, provide grants, 
loans, or loan guarantees to eligible entities.
    ``(c) Eligibility.--
        ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to obtain assistance under 
    this section, an entity shall--
            ``(A) demonstrate to the Secretary the ability to furnish 
        or extend ultra-high speed service to a rural area;
            ``(B) submit to the Secretary an application at such time, 
        in such manner, and containing such information as the 
        Secretary may require;
            ``(C) not already provide ultra-high speed service to a 
        rural area within any State in the proposed service territory; 
        and
            ``(D) agree to complete buildout of ultra-high speed 
        service by not later than 3 years after the initial date on 
        which assistance under this section is made available.
        ``(2) Eligible projects.--Assistance under this section may 
    only be used to carry out a project in a proposed service territory 
    if--
            ``(A) the proposed service territory is a rural area; and
            ``(B) ultra-high speed service is not provided in any part 
        of the proposed service territory.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6201. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is 
amended by striking ``$100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 
through 2012'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2014 through 2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-551 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6202. AGRICULTURAL TRANSPORTATION.
    Section 203(j) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 
1622(j)) is amended by striking ``the Interstate Commerce Commission, 
the Maritime Commission,,'' and inserting ``the Surface Transportation 
Board, the Federal Maritime Commission,''.
SEC. 6203. VALUE-ADDED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKET DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.
    Section 231(b) of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 (7 
U.S.C. 1632a(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
        ``(6) Priority.--
            ``(A) Eligible independent producers of value-added 
        agricultural products.--In awarding grants under paragraph 
        (1)(A), the Secretary shall give priority to--
                ``(i) operators of small- and medium-sized farms and 
            ranches that are structured as family farms;
                ``(ii) beginning farmers or ranchers;
                ``(iii) socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers; and
                ``(iv) veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in 
            section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
            Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).
            ``(B) Eligible agricultural producer groups, farmer or 
        rancher cooperatives, and majority-controlled producer-based 
        business venture.--In awarding grants under paragraph (1)(B), 
        the Secretary shall give priority to projects (including farmer 
        or rancher cooperative projects) that best contribute to 
        creating or increasing marketing opportunities for operators, 
        farmers, and ranchers described in subparagraph (A).''; and
        (2) in paragraph (7)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by striking ``On October 1, 2008,'' and inserting 
            ``On the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
            2014,''; and
                (ii) by striking ``$15,000,000'' and inserting 
            ``$63,000,000''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
SEC. 6204. AGRICULTURE INNOVATION CENTER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
    Section 6402(i) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 1632b(i)) is amended by striking ``$6,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$1,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 6205. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.
    Subtitle E of title VI of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 424) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
``SEC. 6407. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to help rural 
families and small businesses achieve cost savings by providing loans 
to qualified consumers to implement durable cost-effective energy 
efficiency measures.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
            ``(A) any public power district, public utility district, 
        or similar entity, or any electric cooperative described in 
        section 501(c)(12) or 1381(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code 
        of 1986, that borrowed and repaid, prepaid, or is paying an 
        electric loan made or guaranteed by the Rural Utilities Service 
        (or any predecessor agency);
            ``(B) any entity primarily owned or controlled by 1 or more 
        entities described in subparagraph (A); or
            ``(C) any other entity that is an eligible borrower of the 
        Rural Utilities Service, as determined under section 1710.101 
        of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
        regulation).
        ``(2) Energy efficiency measures.--The term `energy efficiency 
    measures' means, for or at property served by an eligible entity, 
    structural improvements and investments in cost-effective, 
    commercial technologies to increase energy efficiency.
        ``(3) Qualified consumer.--The term `qualified consumer' means 
    a consumer served by an eligible entity that has the ability to 
    repay a loan made under subsection (d), as determined by the 
    eligible entity.
        ``(4) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
    Agriculture, acting through the Administrator of the Rural 
    Utilities Service.
    ``(c) Loans to Eligible Entities.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
    shall make loans to eligible entities that agree to use the loan 
    funds to make loans to qualified consumers for the purpose of 
    implementing energy efficiency measures.
        ``(2) Requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--As a condition of receiving a loan under 
        this subsection, an eligible entity shall--
                ``(i) establish a list of energy efficiency measures 
            that is expected to decrease energy use or costs of 
            qualified consumers;
                ``(ii) prepare an implementation plan for use of the 
            loan funds, including use of any interest to be received 
            pursuant to subsection (d)(1)(A);
                ``(iii) provide for appropriate measurement and 
            verification to ensure--

                    ``(I) the effectiveness of the energy efficiency 
                loans made by the eligible entity; and
                    ``(II) that there is no conflict of interest in 
                carrying out this section; and

                ``(iv) demonstrate expertise in effective use of energy 
            efficiency measures at an appropriate scale.
            ``(B) Revision of list of energy efficiency measures.--
        Subject to the approval of the Secretary, an eligible entity 
        may update the list required under subparagraph (A)(i) to 
        account for newly available efficiency technologies.
            ``(C) Existing energy efficiency programs.--An eligible 
        entity that, at any time before the date that is 60 days after 
        the date of enactment of this section, has established an 
        energy efficiency program for qualified consumers may use an 
        existing list of energy efficiency measures, implementation 
        plan, or measurement and verification system of that program to 
        satisfy the requirements of subparagraph (A) if the Secretary 
        determines the list, plan, or systems are consistent with the 
        purposes of this section.
        ``(3) No interest.--A loan under this subsection shall bear no 
    interest.
        ``(4) Repayment.--With respect to a loan under paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) the term shall not exceed 20 years from the date on 
        which the loan is closed; and
            ``(B) except as provided in paragraph (6), the repayment of 
        each advance shall be amortized for a period not to exceed 10 
        years.
        ``(5) Amount of advances.--Any advance of loan funds to an 
    eligible entity in any single year shall not exceed 50 percent of 
    the approved loan amount.
        ``(6) Special advance for start-up activities.--
            ``(A) In general.--In order to assist an eligible entity in 
        defraying the appropriate start-up costs (as determined by the 
        Secretary) of establishing new programs or modifying existing 
        programs to carry out subsection (d), the Secretary shall allow 
        an eligible entity to request a special advance.
            ``(B) Amount.--No eligible entity may receive a special 
        advance under this paragraph for an amount that is greater than 
        4 percent of the loan amount received by the eligible entity 
        under paragraph (1).
            ``(C) Repayment.--Repayment of the special advance--
                ``(i) shall be required during the 10-year period 
            beginning on the date on which the special advance is made; 
            and
                ``(ii) at the election of the eligible entity, may be 
            deferred to the end of the 10-year period.
        ``(7) Limitation.--All special advances shall be made under a 
    loan described in paragraph (1) during the first 10 years of the 
    term of the loan.
    ``(d) Loans to Qualified Consumers.--
        ``(1) Terms of loans.--Loans made by an eligible entity to 
    qualified consumers using loan funds provided by the Secretary 
    under subsection (c)--
            ``(A) may bear interest, not to exceed 3 percent, to be 
        used for purposes that include--
                ``(i) to establish a loan loss reserve; and
                ``(ii) to offset personnel and program costs of 
            eligible entities to provide the loans;
            ``(B) shall finance energy efficiency measures for the 
        purpose of decreasing energy usage or costs of the qualified 
        consumer by an amount that ensures, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, that a loan term of not more than 10 years will 
        not pose an undue financial burden on the qualified consumer, 
        as determined by the eligible entity;
            ``(C) shall not be used to fund purchases of, or 
        modifications to, personal property unless the personal 
        property is or becomes attached to real property (including a 
        manufactured home) as a fixture;
            ``(D) shall be repaid through charges added to the electric 
        bill for the property for, or at which, energy efficiency 
        measures are or will be implemented, on the condition that this 
        requirement does not prohibit--
                ``(i) the voluntary prepayment of a loan by the owner 
            of the property; or
                ``(ii) the use of any additional repayment mechanisms 
            that are--

                    ``(I) demonstrated to have appropriate risk 
                mitigation features, as determined by the eligible 
                entity; or
                    ``(II) required if the qualified consumer is no 
                longer a customer of the eligible entity; and

            ``(E) shall require an energy audit by an eligible entity 
        to determine the impact of proposed energy efficiency measures 
        on the energy costs and consumption of the qualified consumer.
        ``(2) Contractors.--In addition to any other qualified general 
    contractor, eligible entities may serve as general contractors.
    ``(e) Contract for Measurement and Verification, Training, and 
Technical Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Secretary--
            ``(A) shall establish a plan for measurement and 
        verification, training, and technical assistance of the 
        program; and
            ``(B) may enter into 1 or more contracts with a qualified 
        entity for the purposes of--
                ``(i) providing measurement and verification 
            activities; and
                ``(ii) developing a program to provide technical 
            assistance and training to the employees of eligible 
            entities to carry out this section.
        ``(2) Use of subcontractors authorized.--A qualified entity 
    that enters into a contract under paragraph (1) may use 
    subcontractors to assist the qualified entity in carrying out the 
    contract.
    ``(f) Additional Authority.--The authority provided in this section 
is in addition to any other authority of the Secretary to offer loans 
under any other law.
    ``(g) Effective Period.--Subject to the availability of funds and 
except as otherwise provided in this section, the loans and other 
expenditures required to be made under this section shall be available 
until expended, with the Secretary authorized to make new loans as 
loans are repaid.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 6206. STUDY OF RURAL TRANSPORTATION ISSUES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of 
Transportation shall publish an updated version of the study described 
in section 6206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (as 
amended by subsection (b)).
    (b) Addition to Study.--Section 6206(b) of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1971) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) the sufficiency of infrastructure along waterways in the 
    United States and the impact of the infrastructure on the movement 
    of agricultural goods in terms of safety, efficiency and speed, as 
    well as the benefits derived through upgrades and repairs to locks 
    and dams.''.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary 
of Transportation shall submit to Congress the updated version of the 
study required by subsection (a).
SEC. 6207. REGIONAL ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.
    Section 15751 of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``Not more than'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
    more than''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Limited funding.--In a case in which less than 
    $10,000,000 is made available to a Commission for a fiscal year 
    under this section, paragraph (1) shall not apply.''.
SEC. 6208. DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA FOR PURPOSES OF THE HOUSING ACT OF 
1949.
    The second sentence of section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 
U.S.C. 1490) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``1990 or 2000 decennial census shall continue 
    to be so classified until the receipt of data from the decennial 
    census in the year 2010'' and inserting ``1990, 2000, or 2010 
    decennial census, and any area deemed to be a `rural area' for 
    purposes of this title under any other provision of law at any time 
    during the period beginning January 1, 2000, and ending December 
    31, 2010, shall continue to be so classified until the receipt of 
    data from the decennial census in the year 2020''; and
        (2) by striking ``25,000'' and inserting ``35,000''.
SEC. 6209. PROGRAM METRICS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall collect data regarding 
economic activities created through grants and loans, including any 
technical assistance provided as a component of the grant or loan 
program, and measure the short- and long-term viability of award 
recipients and any entities to whom those recipients provide assistance 
using award funds, under--
        (1) section 231 of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 
    (7 U.S.C. 1632a);
        (2) section 313(b)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
    (7 U.S.C. 940c(b)(2)); or
        (3) section 310B(c), 310B(e), 310B(g), 310H, or 379E, or 
    subtitle E, of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
    U.S.C. 1932(c), 1932(e), 1932(g), 2008s, 2009 et seq.).
    (b) Data.--The data collected under subsection (a) shall include 
information collected from recipients both during the award period and 
for a period of time, as determined by the Secretary, which is not less 
than 2 years after the award period ends.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
    Forestry of the Senate a report that contains the data described in 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Detailed information.--The report shall include detailed 
    information regarding--
            (A) actions taken by the Secretary to use the data;
            (B) the percentage increase of employees;
            (C) the number of business starts and clients served;
            (D) any benefit, such as an increase in revenue or customer 
        base; and
            (E) such other information as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
SEC. 6210. FUNDING OF PENDING RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN AND GRANT 
APPLICATIONS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use funds made available under 
subsection (b) to provide funds for applications that are pending on 
the date of enactment of this Act in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of section 6029 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1955).
    (b) Funding.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, beginning 
in fiscal year 2014, of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $150,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS
  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

SEC. 7101. OPTION TO BE INCLUDED AS NON-LAND-GRANT COLLEGE OF 
AGRICULTURE.
    Section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(5) Cooperating forestry school.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `cooperating forestry school' 
        means an institution--
                ``(i) that is eligible to receive funds under Public 
            Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-Stennis 
            Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.); and
                ``(ii) with respect to which the Secretary has not 
            received a declaration of the intent of that institution to 
            not be considered a cooperating forestry school.
            ``(B) Termination of declaration.--A declaration of the 
        intent of an institution to not be considered a cooperating 
        forestry school submitted to the Secretary shall be in effect 
        until September 30, 2018.'';
        (2) in paragraph (10)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
            ``that'';
                (ii) in clause (i)--

                    (I) by inserting ``that'' before ``qualify''; and
                    (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;

                (iii) in clause (ii)--

                    (I) by inserting ``that'' before ``offer''; and
                    (II) by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting ``; and''; and

                (iv) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                ``(iii) with respect to which the Secretary has not 
            received a declaration of the intent of a college or 
            university to not be considered a Hispanic-serving 
            agricultural college or university.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) Termination of declaration of intent.--A declaration 
        of the intent of a college or university to not be considered a 
        Hispanic-serving agricultural college or university submitted 
        to the Secretary shall be in effect until September 30, 
        2018.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (14)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``agriculture or 
        forestry'' and inserting ``food and agricultural sciences'';
            (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
        and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) Designation.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this subparagraph, the Secretary shall 
        establish an ongoing process through which public colleges or 
        universities may apply for designation as an NLGCA 
        Institution.''.
SEC. 7102. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, EDUCATION, AND 
ECONOMICS ADVISORY BOARD.
    (a) Extension of Termination Date.--Section 1408(h) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Duties of National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, 
and Economics Advisory Board.--Section 1408(c) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123(c)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate'' and all that follows through the semi-colon and 
        inserting ``Committee on Appropriations of the Senate on--''; 
        and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(A) long-term and short-term national policies and 
        priorities consistent with the purposes specified in section 
        1402 for agricultural research, extension, education, and 
        economics; and
            ``(B) the annual establishment of priorities that--
                ``(i) are in accordance with the purposes specified in 
            a provision of a covered law (as defined in subsection (d) 
            of section 1492) under which competitive grants (described 
            in subsection (c) of such section) are awarded; and
                ``(ii) the Board determines are national priorities.'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (3) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the national 
        research policies and priorities set forth in'' inserting 
        ``national research policies and priorities that are consistent 
        with the purposes specified in''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) consult with industry groups on agricultural research, 
    extension, education, and economics, and make recommendations to 
    the Secretary based on that consultation.''.
SEC. 7103. SPECIALTY CROP COMMITTEE.
    (a) Establishment of Subcommittee.--Section 1408A(a) of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Citrus disease subcommittee.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary 
        shall establish within the speciality crops committee, and 
        appoint the initial members of, a citrus disease subcommittee 
        to carry out the responsibilities of the subcommittee described 
        in subsection (g) in accordance with subsection (j)(3) of 
        section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
        Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632).
            ``(B) Composition.--The citrus disease subcommittee shall 
        be composed of 9 members, each of whom is a domestic producer 
        of citrus in a State, represented as follows:
                ``(i) Three of such members shall represent Arizona or 
            California.
                ``(ii) Five of such members shall represent Florida.
                ``(iii) One of such members shall represent Texas.
            ``(C) Membership.--The Secretary may appoint individuals 
        who are not members of the specialty crops committee or the 
        Advisory Board established under section 1408 as members of the 
        citrus disease subcommittee
            ``(D) Termination.--The subcommittee established under 
        subparagraph (A) shall terminate on September 30, 2018.
            ``(E) Federal advisory committee act.--The subcommittee 
        established under subparagraph (A) shall be covered by the 
        exemption to section 9(c) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act 
        (5 U.S.C. App.) applicable to the Advisory Board under section 
        1408(f).''.
    (b) Members.--Section 1408A(b) of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
3123a(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Individuals'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Eligibility.--Individuals'';
        (2) by striking ``Members'' and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Service.--Members''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Diversity.--Membership of the specialty crops committee 
    shall reflect diversity in the specialty crops represented.''.
    (c) Annual Committee Report.--Section 1408A(c) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123a(c)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Measures'' and inserting 
    ``Programs'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (2);
        (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as paragraphs 
    (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
        (4) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``Programs that would'' and inserting ``Research, extension, 
        and teaching programs designed to improve competitiveness in 
        the specialty crop industry, including programs that would'';
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, including 
        improving the quality and taste of processed specialty crops'' 
        before the semicolon; and
            (C) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``the remote sensing 
        and the'' before ``mechanization''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Analysis of the alignment of specialty crops committee 
    recommendations with grants awarded through the specialty crop 
    research initiative established under section 412 of the 
    Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 
    (7 U.S.C. 7632).''.
    (d) Consultation With Specialty Crop Industry.--Section 1408A of 
the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (e) 
    and (f), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Consultation With Specialty Crop Industry.--In studying the 
scope and effectiveness of programs under subsection (a), the specialty 
crops committee shall consult on an ongoing basis with diverse sectors 
of the specialty crop industry.''; and
        (3) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by 
    striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)''.
    (e) Duties of Citrus Disease Subcommittee.--Section 1408A of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a), as amended by subsection (d), is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Citrus Disease Subcommittee Duties.--For the purposes of 
subsection (j) of section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632), the citrus disease 
subcommittee shall--
        ``(1) advise the Secretary on citrus research, extension, and 
    development needs;
        ``(2) propose, by a favorable vote of two-thirds of the members 
    of the subcommittee, a research and extension agenda and annual 
    budgets for the funds made available to carry out such subsection;
        ``(3) evaluate and review ongoing research and extension funded 
    under the emergency citrus disease research and extension program 
    (as defined in such subsection);
        ``(4) establish, by a favorable vote of two-thirds of the 
    members of the subcommittee, annual priorities for the award of 
    grants under such subsection;
        ``(5) provide the Secretary any comments on grants awarded 
    under such subsection during the previous fiscal year; and
        ``(6) engage in regular consultation and collaboration with the 
    Department and other institutional, governmental, and private 
    persons conducting scientific research on, and extension activities 
    related to, the causes or treatments of citrus diseases and pests, 
    both domestic and invasive, for purposes of--
            ``(A) maximizing the effectiveness of research and 
        extension projects funded under the citrus disease research and 
        extension program;
            ``(B) hastening the development of useful treatments;
            ``(C) avoiding duplicative and wasteful expenditures; and
            ``(D) providing the Secretary with such information and 
        advice as the Secretary may request.''.
SEC. 7104. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.
    The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1415A (7 U.S.C. 
3151a) the following new section:
``SEC. 1415B. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Qualified entity.--The term `qualified entity' means--
            ``(A) a for-profit or nonprofit entity located in the 
        United States that, or an individual who, operates a veterinary 
        clinic providing veterinary services--
                ``(i) in a rural area, as defined in section 343(a) of 
            the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
            1991(a)); and
                ``(ii) in a veterinarian shortage situation;
            ``(B) a State, national, allied, or regional veterinary 
        organization or specialty board recognized by the American 
        Veterinary Medical Association;
            ``(C) a college or school of veterinary medicine accredited 
        by the American Veterinary Medical Association;
            ``(D) a university research foundation or veterinary 
        medical foundation;
            ``(E) a department of veterinary science or department of 
        comparative medicine accredited by the Department of Education;
            ``(F) a State agricultural experiment station; or
            ``(G) a State, local, or tribal government agency.
        ``(2) Veterinarian shortage situation.--The term `veterinarian 
    shortage situation' means a veterinarian shortage situation as 
    determined by the Secretary under section 1415A.
    ``(b) Establishment.--
        ``(1) Competitive grants.--The Secretary shall carry out a 
    program to make competitive grants to qualified entities that carry 
    out programs or activities described in paragraph (2) for the 
    purpose of developing, implementing, and sustaining veterinary 
    services.
        ``(2) Eligibility requirements.--A qualified entity shall be 
    eligible to receive a grant described in paragraph (1) if the 
    entity carries out programs or activities that the Secretary 
    determines will--
            ``(A) substantially relieve veterinarian shortage 
        situations;
            ``(B) support or facilitate private veterinary practices 
        engaged in public health activities; or
            ``(C) support or facilitate the practices of veterinarians 
        who are providing or have completed providing services under an 
        agreement entered into with the Secretary under section 
        1415A(a)(2).
    ``(c) Award Processes and Preferences.--
        ``(1) Application, evaluation, and input processes.--In 
    administering the grant program established under this section, the 
    Secretary shall--
            ``(A) use an appropriate application and evaluation 
        process, as determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(B) seek the input of interested persons.
        ``(2) Coordination preference.--In selecting recipients of 
    grants to be used for any of the purposes described in subsection 
    (d)(1), the Secretary shall give a preference to qualified entities 
    that provide documentation of coordination with other qualified 
    entities, with respect to any such purpose.
        ``(3) Consideration of available funds.--In selecting 
    recipients of grants to be used for any of the purposes described 
    in subsection (d), the Secretary shall take into consideration the 
    amount of funds available for grants and the purposes for which the 
    grant funds will be used.
        ``(4) Nature of grants.--A grant awarded under this section 
    shall be considered to be a competitive research, extension, or 
    education grant.
    ``(d) Use of Grants To Relieve Veterinarian Shortage Situations and 
Support Veterinary Services.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
    qualified entity may use funds provided by a grant awarded under 
    this section to relieve veterinarian shortage situations and 
    support veterinary services for any of the following purposes:
            ``(A) To promote recruitment (including for programs in 
        secondary schools), placement, and retention of veterinarians, 
        veterinary technicians, students of veterinary medicine, and 
        students of veterinary technology.
            ``(B) To allow veterinary students, veterinary interns, 
        externs, fellows, and residents, and veterinary technician 
        students to cover expenses (other than the types of expenses 
        described in section 1415A(c)(5)) to attend training programs 
        in food safety or food animal medicine.
            ``(C) To establish or expand accredited veterinary 
        education programs (including faculty recruitment and 
        retention), veterinary residency and fellowship programs, or 
        veterinary internship and externship programs carried out in 
        coordination with accredited colleges of veterinary medicine.
            ``(D) To provide continuing education and extension, 
        including veterinary telemedicine and other distance-based 
        education, for veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and other 
        health professionals needed to strengthen veterinary programs 
        and enhance food safety.
            ``(E) To provide technical assistance for the preparation 
        of applications submitted to the Secretary for designation as a 
        veterinarian shortage situation under this section or section 
        1415A.
        ``(2) Qualified entities operating veterinary clinics.--A 
    qualified entity described in subsection (a)(1)(A) may only use 
    funds provided by a grant awarded under this section to establish 
    or expand veterinary practices, including--
            ``(A) equipping veterinary offices;
            ``(B) sharing in the reasonable overhead costs of such 
        veterinary practices, as determined by the Secretary; or
            ``(C) establishing mobile veterinary facilities in which a 
        portion of the facilities will address education or extension 
        needs.
    ``(e) Special Requirements for Certain Grants.--
        ``(1) Terms of service requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--Funds provided through a grant made 
        under this section to a qualified entity described in 
        subsection (a)(1)(A) and used by such entity under subsection 
        (d)(2) shall be subject to an agreement between the Secretary 
        and such entity that includes a required term of service for 
        such entity (including a qualified entity operating as an 
        individual), as established by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing a term of service 
        under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider only--
                ``(i) the amount of the grant awarded; and
                ``(ii) the specific purpose of the grant.
        ``(2) Breach remedies.--
            ``(A) In general.--An agreement under paragraph (1) shall 
        provide remedies for any breach of the agreement by the 
        qualified entity referred to in paragraph (1)(A), including 
        repayment or partial repayment of the grant funds, with 
        interest.
            ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a waiver of the 
        repayment obligation for breach of contract if the Secretary 
        determines that such qualified entity demonstrates extreme 
        hardship or extreme need.
            ``(C) Treatment of amounts recovered.--Funds recovered 
        under this paragraph shall--
                ``(i) be credited to the account available to carry out 
            this section; and
                ``(ii) remain available until expended without further 
            appropriation.
    ``(f) Prohibition on Use of Grant Funds for Construction.--Except 
as provided in subsection (d)(2), funds made available for grants under 
this section may not be used--
        ``(1) to construct a new building or facility; or
        ``(2) to acquire, expand, remodel, or alter an existing 
    building or facility, including site grading and improvement and 
    architect fees.
    ``(g) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
to carry out this section.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available 
until expended.''.
SEC. 7105. GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SCIENCES 
EDUCATION.
    Section 1417(m) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3152(m)) is amended by 
striking ``section $60,000,000'' and all that follows and inserting the 
following: ``section--
        ``(1) $60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1990 through 2013; 
    and
        ``(2) $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018.''.
SEC. 7106. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD POLICY RESEARCH CENTERS.
    Section 1419A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3155) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``agricultural and 
    food'' before ``policy'';
        (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``Secretary may'' and inserting ``Secretary 
        shall, acting through the Office of the Chief Economist,''; and
            (B) by striking ``make grants, competitive grants, and 
        special research grants to, and enter into cooperative 
        agreements and other contracting instruments with,'' and 
        inserting ``make competitive grants to, or enter into 
        cooperative agreements with,'';
        (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(b) Eligible Recipients.--An entity eligible to apply for funding 
under subsection (a) is a State agricultural experiment station, 
college or university, or other public research institution or 
organization that has a history of providing--
        ``(1) unbiased, nonpartisan economic analysis to Congress on 
    the areas specified in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection 
    (a); or
        ``(2) objective, scientific information to Federal agencies and 
    the public to support and enhance efficient, accurate 
    implementation of Federal drought preparedness and drought response 
    programs, including interagency thresholds used to determine 
    eligibility for mitigation or emergency assistance.'';
        (4) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively;
        (5) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(c) Preference.--In making awards under this section, the 
Secretary shall give a preference to policy research centers that 
have--
        ``(1) extensive databases, models, and demonstrated experience 
    in providing Congress with agricultural market projections, rural 
    development analysis, agricultural policy analysis, and baseline 
    projections at the farm, multiregional, national, and international 
    levels; or
        ``(2) information, analysis, and research relating to drought 
    mitigation.'';
        (6) in subsection (d)(2) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by 
    inserting ``applied'' after ``theoretical and''; and
        (7) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph 
    (4)) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7107. EDUCATION GRANTS TO ALASKA NATIVE SERVING INSTITUTIONS AND 
NATIVE HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 1419B of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3156) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(or grants without 
        regard to any requirement for competition)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(or grants without 
        regard to any requirement for competition)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
SEC. 7108. REPEAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION INTERVENTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION 
RESEARCH PROGRAM.
    Section 1424 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3174) is repealed.
SEC. 7109. REPEAL OF PILOT RESEARCH PROGRAM TO COMBINE MEDICAL AND 
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH.
    Section 1424A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3174a) is repealed.
SEC. 7110. NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM.
    Section 1425(f) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175(f)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7111. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1433 of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3195) is 
amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1433. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE, FOOD SECURITY, AND 
STEWARDSHIP RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION PROGRAMS.
    ``(a) Capacity and Infrastructure Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--In each State with one or more accredited 
    colleges of veterinary medicine, the deans of the accredited 
    college or colleges and the director of the State agricultural 
    experiment station shall develop a comprehensive animal health and 
    disease research program for the State based on the animal health 
    research capacity of each eligible institution in the State, which 
    shall be submitted to the Secretary for approval and shall be used 
    for the allocation of funds available to the State under this 
    section.
        ``(2) Use of funds.--An eligible institution allocated funds to 
    carry out animal health and disease research under this section may 
    only use such funds--
            ``(A) to meet the expenses of conducting animal health and 
        disease research, publishing and disseminating the results of 
        such research, and contributing to the retirement of employees 
        subject to the Act of March 4, 1940 (7 U.S.C. 331);
            ``(B) for administrative planning and direction; and
            ``(C) to purchase equipment and supplies necessary for 
        conducting research described in subparagraph (A).
        ``(3) Cooperation among eligible institutions.--The Secretary, 
    to the maximum extent practicable, shall encourage eligible 
    institutions to cooperate in setting research priorities under this 
    section through conducting regular regional and national meetings.
    ``(b) Competitive Grant Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, for purposes of addressing 
    the critical needs of animal agriculture, shall award competitive 
    grants to eligible entities under which such eligible entities--
            ``(A) conduct research--
                ``(i) to promote food security, such as by--

                    ``(I) improving feed efficiency;
                    ``(II) improving energetic efficiency;
                    ``(III) connecting genomics, proteomics, 
                metabolomics and related phenomena to animal 
                production;
                    ``(IV) improving reproductive efficiency; and
                    ``(V) enhancing pre- and post-harvest food safety 
                systems; and

                ``(ii) on the relationship between animal and human 
            health, such as by--

                    ``(I) exploring new approaches for vaccine 
                development;
                    ``(II) understanding and controlling zoonosis, 
                including its impact on food safety;
                    ``(III) improving animal health through feed; and
                    ``(IV) enhancing product quality and nutritive 
                value; and

            ``(B) develop and disseminate to the public tools and 
        information based on the research conducted under subparagraph 
        (A) and sound science.
        ``(2) Eligible entities.--An entity eligible to receive a grant 
    under this subsection is any of the following:
            ``(A) A State cooperative institution.
            ``(B) An NLGCA Institution.
        ``(3) Administration.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
    Secretary shall establish procedures--
            ``(A) to seek and accept proposals for grants;
            ``(B) to review and determine the relevance and merit of 
        proposals, in consultation with representatives of the animal 
        agriculture industry;
            ``(C) to provide a scientific peer review of each proposal 
        conducted by a panel of subject matter experts from Federal 
        agencies, academic institutions, State animal health agencies, 
        and the animal agriculture industry; and
            ``(D) to award competitive grants on the basis of merit, 
        quality, and relevance.
    ``(c) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(2) Reservation of funds.--The Secretary shall reserve not 
    less than $5,000,000 of the funds made available under paragraph 
    (1) to carry out the capacity and infrastructure program under 
    subsection (a).
        ``(3) Initial apportionment.--The amounts made available under 
    paragraph (1) that are remaining after the reservation of funds 
    under paragraph (2), shall be apportioned as follows:
            ``(A) 15 percent of such amounts shall be used to carry out 
        the capacity and infrastructure program under subsection (a).
            ``(B) 85 percent of such funds shall be used to carry out 
        the competitive grant program under subsection (b).
        ``(4) Additional apportionment.--The funds reserved under 
    paragraph (2) and apportioned under paragraph (3)(A) to carry out 
    the capacity and infrastructure program under subsection (a) shall 
    be apportioned as follows:
            ``(A) Four percent shall be retained by the Department of 
        Agriculture for administration, program assistance to the 
        eligible institutions, and program coordination.
            ``(B) 48 percent shall be distributed among the several 
        States in the proportion that the value of and income to 
        producers from domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial 
        aquaculture species in each State bears to the total value of 
        and income to producers from domestic livestock, poultry, and 
        commercial aquaculture species in all the States. The Secretary 
        shall determine the total value of and income from domestic 
        livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species in all 
        the States and the proportionate value of and income from 
        domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species 
        for each State, based on the most current inventory of all 
        cattle, sheep, swine, horses, poultry, and commercial 
        aquaculture species published by the Department of Agriculture.
            ``(C) 48 percent shall be distributed among the several 
        States in the proportion that the animal health research 
        capacity of the eligible institutions in each State bears to 
        the total animal health research capacity in all the States. 
        The Secretary shall determine the animal health research 
        capacity of the eligible institutions.
        ``(5) Special rules for apportionment of certain funds.--With 
    respect to funds reserved under paragraph (2) and apportioned under 
    paragraph (3)(A) to carry out the capacity and infrastructure 
    program under subsection (a), the following shall apply:
            ``(A) When the amount available under this section for 
        allotment to any State on the basis of domestic livestock, 
        poultry, and commercial aquaculture species values and incomes 
        exceeds the amount for which the eligible institution or 
        institutions in the State are eligible on the basis of animal 
        health research capacity, the excess may be used, at the 
        discretion of the Secretary, for remodeling of facilities, 
        construction of new facilities, or increase in staffing, 
        proportionate to the need for added research capacity.
            ``(B) Whenever a new college of veterinary medicine is 
        established in a State and is accredited, the Secretary, after 
        consultation with the dean of such college and the director of 
        the State agricultural experiment station and where applicable, 
        deans of other accredited colleges in the State, shall provide 
        for the reallocation of funds available to the State pursuant 
        to paragraph (4) between the new college and other eligible 
        institutions in the State, based on the animal health research 
        capacity of each eligible institution.
            ``(C) Whenever two or more States jointly establish an 
        accredited regional college of veterinary medicine or jointly 
        support an accredited college of veterinary medicine serving 
        the States involved, the Secretary is authorized to make funds 
        which are available to such States pursuant to paragraph (4) 
        available for such college in such amount that reflects the 
        combined relative value of, and income from, domestic 
        livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species in the 
        cooperating States, such amount to be adjusted, as necessary, 
        pursuant to subsection (a)(1) and subparagraph (B).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Definition of state cooperative institution.--Section 
    1404(18) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
    Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(18)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``subtitles E, G,'' 
        and inserting ``subtitles G,'';
            (C) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G); 
        and
            (D) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(F) section 1430; and''.
        (2) Definition of capacity and infrastructure program.--Section 
    251(f)(1)(C)(vi) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization 
    Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)(vi)) is amended by inserting 
    ``except for the competitive grant program under section 1433(b)'' 
    before the period at the end.
        (3) Subtitle e of the national agricultural research, 
    extension, and teaching policy act of 1977.--Subtitle E of the 
    National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
    of 1977 is amended--
            (A) in section 1431(a) (7 U.S.C. 3193(a)), by inserting 
        ``under sections 1433(a) and 1434'' after ``eligible 
        institutions'';
            (B) in section 1435 (7 U.S.C. 3197), by striking ``for 
        allocation under the terms of this subtitle'' and inserting 
        ``to carry out sections 1433(a) and 1434'';
            (C) in section 1436 (7 U.S.C. 3198), in the first sentence, 
        by striking ``section 1433 of this title'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (c) of section 1433 to carry out subsection (a) of 
        such section'';
            (D) in section 1437 (7 U.S.C. 3199), in the first sentence, 
        by striking ``States under section 1433 of this title'' and 
        inserting ``States under subsection (c) of section 1433 to 
        carry out subsection (a) of such section'';
            (E) in section 1438 (7 U.S.C. 3200), in the first sentence 
        by striking ``under this subtitle'' and inserting ``under 
        subsection (c) of section 1433 to carry out subsection (a) of 
        such section''; and
            (F) in section 1439 (7 U.S.C. 3201), by striking ``under 
        this subtitle'' and inserting ``under subsection (c) of section 
        1433 to carry out subsection (a) of such section or section 
        1434, as applicable,''.
        (4) Authorization for appropriations for existing and certain 
    new agricultural research programs.--Section 1463(c) of the 
    National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
    of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311(c)) is amended by striking ``sections 1433 
    and 1434'' and inserting ``sections 1433(a) and 1434''.
SEC. 7112. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES FACILITIES 
AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.
    Section 1447(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7113. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SCIENCE FACILITIES 
AND EQUIPMENT AT INSULAR AREA LAND-GRANT INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) Supporting Tropical and Subtropical Agricultural Research.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1447B(a) of the National Agricultural 
    Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
    3222b-2(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the intent of Congress to assist the land-
grant colleges and universities in the insular areas in efforts to--
        ``(1) acquire, alter, or repair facilities or relevant 
    equipment necessary for conducting agricultural research; and
        ``(2) support tropical and subtropical agricultural research, 
    including pest and disease research.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1447B of the National 
    Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 
    (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2) is amended in the heading--
            (A) by inserting ``and support tropical and subtropical 
        agricultural research'' after ``equipment''; and
            (B) by striking ``institutions'' and inserting ``colleges 
        and universities''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 1447B(d) of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-
2(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7114. REPEAL OF NATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING VIRTUAL CENTERS.
    Section 1448 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222c) is repealed.
SEC. 7115. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 1455(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3241(c)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7116. COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM FOR HISPANIC AGRICULTURAL WORKERS 
AND YOUTH.
    Section 1456(e)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3243(e)(1)) is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a competitive 
    grants program--
            ``(A) to fund fundamental and applied research and 
        extension at Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and 
        universities in agriculture, human nutrition, food science, 
        bioenergy, and environmental science; and
            ``(B) to award competitive grants to Hispanic-serving 
        agricultural colleges and universities to provide for training 
        in the food and agricultural sciences of Hispanic agricultural 
        workers and Hispanic youth working in the food and agricultural 
        sciences.''.
SEC. 7117. COMPETITIVE GRANTS FOR INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE 
AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
    Section 1459A(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3292b(c)) is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7118. REPEAL OF RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.
    Section 1462A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3310a) is repealed.
SEC. 7119. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH.
    Section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311) is amended by striking 
``2012'' each place it appears in subsections (a) and (b) and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 7120. EXTENSION SERVICE.
    Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7121. AUDITING, REPORTING, BOOKKEEPING, AND ADMINISTRATIVE 
REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 1469 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3315) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as 
    subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(b) Agreements With Former Agricultural Research Facilities of 
the Department.--To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary, for 
purposes of supporting ongoing research and information dissemination 
activities, including supporting research and those activities through 
co-locating scientists and other technical personnel, sharing of 
laboratory and field equipment, and providing financial support, shall 
enter into grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, or other legal 
instruments with former Department of Agriculture agricultural research 
facilities.''.
SEC. 7122. SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations and Termination.--Section 1473D 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
        ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
    (b) Competitive Grants.--Section 1473D(c)(1) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3319d(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``use such research funding, 
special or competitive grants, or other means, as the Secretary 
determines,'' and inserting ``make competitive grants''.
SEC. 7123. CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS FOR NLGCA INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 1473F(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319i(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7124. AQUACULTURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Competitive Grants.--Section 1475(b) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3322(b)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
inserting ``competitive'' before ``grants''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1477 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3324) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1477. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this subtitle--
        ``(1) $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 through 2013; 
    and
        ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Use.--Funds made available under this section 
may not be used to acquire or construct a building.''.
SEC. 7125. RANGELAND RESEARCH PROGRAMS.
    Section 1483(a) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3336(a)) is amended by 
striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and inserting the following: 
``subtitle--
        ``(1) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 through 2013; 
    and
        ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7126. SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR BIOSECURITY PLANNING AND RESPONSE.
    Section 1484(a) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3351(a)) is amended by 
striking ``response such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows 
and inserting the following: ``response--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018.''.
SEC. 7127. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RESIDENT INSTRUCTION GRANTS PROGRAM 
FOR INSULAR AREA INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
    (a) Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas.--
        (1) Competitive grants.--Section 1490(a) of the National 
    Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 
    (7 U.S.C. 3362(a)) is amended by striking ``or noncompetitive''.
        (2) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 1490(f) of the 
    National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
    of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(f)) is amended by striking ``section'' and 
    all that follows and inserting the following: ``section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
    (b) Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 1491(c) 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363(c)) is amended by striking ``such sums as 
are necessary'' and all that follows and inserting the following: ``to 
carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7128. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.
    (a) In General.--The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subtitle:

                    ``Subtitle P--General Provisions

``SEC. 1492. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.
    ``(a) In General.--The recipient of a competitive grant that is 
awarded by the Secretary under a covered law shall provide funds, in-
kind contributions, or a combination of both, from sources other than 
funds provided through such grant in an amount that is at least equal 
to the amount of such grant.
    ``(b) Exception.--The matching funds requirement under subsection 
(a) shall not apply to grants awarded--
        ``(1) to a research agency of the Department of Agriculture; or
        ``(2) to an entity eligible to receive funds under a capacity 
    and infrastructure program (as defined in section 251(f)(1)(C) of 
    the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
    6971(f)(1)(C))), including a partner of such entity.
    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
requirement under subsection (a) for a year with respect to a 
competitive grant that involves research or extension activities that 
are consistent with the priorities established by the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory 
Board under section 1408(c)(1)(B) for the year involved. 
    ``(d) Covered Law.--In this section, the term `covered law' means 
each of the following provisions of law:
        ``(1) This title.
        ``(2) Title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
    Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.).
        ``(3) The Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
    Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601 et seq.).
        ``(4) Part III of subtitle E of title VII of the Food, 
    Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008.
        ``(5) The Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant 
    Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) National agricultural research, extension, and teaching 
    policy act of 1977.--The National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
    and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 is amended--
            (A) in section 1415(a) (7 U.S.C. 3151(a)), by striking the 
        second sentence;
            (B) in section 1475(b) (7 U.S.C. 3322(b)), in the matter 
        following paragraph (4), by striking ``Except in the case of'' 
        and all that follows; and
            (C) in section 1480 (7 U.S.C. 3333)--
                (i) by striking subsection (b); and
                (ii) by striking ``(a) In General.--The Secretary'' and 
            inserting ``The Secretary''.
        (2) Food, agriculture, conservation, and trade act of 1990.--
    The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 is 
    amended--
            (A) in section 1623(d)(2) (7 U.S.C. 5813(d)(2)), by adding 
        at the end the following: ``The matching funds requirement 
        under section 1492 of the National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 shall not apply to 
        grants awarded under this section.'';
            (B) in section 1671 (7 U.S.C. 5924)--
                (i) by striking subsection (e); and
                (ii) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e);
            (C) in section 1672 (7 U.S.C. 5925)--
                (i) by striking subsection (c); and
                (ii) by redesignating subsections (d) through (j) as 
            subsections (c) through (i), respectively; and
            (D) in section 1672B (7 U.S.C. 5925b)--
                (i) by striking subsection (c); and
                (ii) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
            subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
        (3) Agricultural research, extension, and education reform act 
    of 1998.--The Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
    Reform Act of 1998 is amended--
            (A) in section 406 (7 U.S.C. 7626)--
                (i) by striking subsection (d); and
                (ii) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
            subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (B) in section 412(e) (7 U.S.C. 7632(e))--
                (i) by striking paragraph (3); and
                (ii) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
        (4) Competitive, special, and facilities research grant act.--
    Subsection (b)(9) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
    Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(9)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding at the end the following 
        new clause:
                ``(iii) Exemption.--The matching funds requirement 
            under section 1492 of the National Agricultural Research, 
            Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 shall not apply 
            in the case of a grant made under paragraph (6)(A).''; and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
        (5) Sun grant program.--Section 7526(c)(1)(D)(iv) of the Food, 
    Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114(c)(1)(D)(iv)) 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new subclause:

                    ``(IV) Relation to other matching fund 
                requirement.--The matching funds requirement under 
                section 1492 of the National Agricultural Research, 
                Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 shall not 
                apply in the case of a grant provided by a sun grant 
                center or subcenter under this paragraph.''.

    (c) Application to Amendments.--
        (1) New grants.--Section 1492 of the National Agricultural 
    Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, as added by 
    subsection (a), shall apply with respect to grants described in 
    such section awarded after October 1, 2014, unless the provision of 
    a covered law under which such grants are awarded specifically 
    exempts such grants from the matching funds requirement under such 
    section.
        (2) Grants awarded on or before october 1, 2014.--
    Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (b), a matching 
    funds requirement in effect on or before the date of the enactment 
    of this section under a provision of a covered law shall continue 
    to apply to a grant awarded under such provision on or before 
    October 1, 2014.
SEC. 7129. DESIGNATION OF CENTRAL STATE UNIVERSITY AS 1890 INSTITUTION.
    (a) Designation.--Any provision of a Federal law relating to 
colleges and universities eligible to receive funds under the Act of 
August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee University, 
shall apply to Central State University.
    (b) Funding Restriction.--Notwithstanding the designation under 
subsection (a), for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, Central State 
University shall not be eligible to receive formula funds under--
        (1) section 1444 or 1445 of the National Agricultural Research, 
    Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221 and 
    3222);
        (2) section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343(d)) to 
    carry out the national education program established under section 
    1425 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
    Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175);
        (3) the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 
    1671 et seq.); or
        (4) Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-Stennis 
    Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.).

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

SEC. 7201. BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS.
    Section 1624 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5814) is amended in the first sentence--
        (1) by striking ``$40,000,000 for each fiscal year''; and
        (2) by inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 
    through 2018'' after ``chapter''.
SEC. 7202. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.
    Section 1627(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5821(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section through the National Institute 
of Food and Agriculture $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 
through 2018.''.
SEC. 7203. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER 
PROGRAM.
    Section 1628(f) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5831(f)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
        ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7204. NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM.
    Section 1629(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5832(i)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the National Training Program $20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7205. NATIONAL GENETICS RESOURCES PROGRAM.
    Section 1635(b) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5844(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``such funds as may be necessary''; and
        (2) by striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and inserting 
    the following: ``subtitle--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1991 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7206. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM.
    Section 1641(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5855(c)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``$5,000,000 to carry out this subtitle'' and 
    inserting ``to carry out this subtitle $5,000,000''; and
        (2) by inserting ``and $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
    through 2018'' before the period at the end.
SEC. 7207. REPEAL OF RURAL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE EXTENSION PROGRAM.
    Section 1670 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5923) is repealed.
SEC. 7208. AGRICULTURAL GENOME INITIATIVE.
    Section 1671(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5924(c)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
        ``(3) Consortia.--The Secretary shall encourage awards under 
    this section to consortia of eligible entities.''.
SEC. 7209. HIGH-PRIORITY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES.
    Section 1672 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925) is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a), by striking 
    ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting ``subsections (d) 
    through (g)'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2), in the first sentence, by striking 
    ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting ``subsections (d) 
    through (g)'';
        (3) by striking subsection (h) (as redesignated by section 
    7128(b)(2)(C)(ii));
        (4) by redesignating subsection (i) (as redesignated by such 
    section) as subsection (h);
        (5) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by such section)--
            (A) by striking paragraphs (1) through (5), (7), (8), (11) 
        through (43), (47), (48), (51), and (52);
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (9), (10), (44), (45), 
        (46), (49), and (50) as paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), 
        (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(9) Coffee plant health initiative.--Research and extension 
    grants may be made under this section for the purposes of--
            ``(A) developing and disseminating science-based tools and 
        treatments to combat the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus 
        hampei); and
            ``(B) establishing an areawide integrated pest management 
        program in areas affected by, or areas at risk of, being 
        affected by the coffee berry borer.
        ``(10) Corn, soybean meal, cereal grains, and grain byproducts 
    research and extension.--Research and extension grants may be made 
    under this section for the purpose of carrying out or enhancing 
    research to improve the digestibility, nutritional value, and 
    efficiency of the use of corn, soybean meal, cereal grains, and 
    grain byproducts for the poultry and food animal production 
    industries.'';
        (6) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by such 
    section) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Pulse Crop Health Initiative.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' means the pulse 
        crop health initiative established by paragraph (2).
            ``(B) Pulse crop.--The term `pulse crop' means dry beans, 
        dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas.
        ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall carry out a pulse 
    crop health competitive research and extension initiative to 
    address the critical needs of the pulse crop industry by developing 
    and disseminating science-based tools and information, including--
            ``(A) research conducted with respect to pulse crops in the 
        areas of health and nutrition, such as--
                ``(i) pulse crop diets and the ability of such diets to 
            reduce obesity and associated chronic disease; and
                ``(ii) the underlying mechanisms of the health benefits 
            of pulse crop consumption;
            ``(B) research related to the functionality of pulse crops, 
        such as--
                ``(i) improving the functional properties of pulse 
            crops and pulse crop fractions; and
                ``(ii) developing new and innovative technologies to 
            improve pulse crops as an ingredient in food products;
            ``(C) research conducted with respect to pulse crops for 
        purposes of enhancing sustainability and global food security, 
        such as--
                ``(i) improving pulse crop productivity, nutrient 
            density, and phytonutrient content using plant breeding, 
            genetics, and genomics;
                ``(ii) improving pest and disease management, including 
            resistance to pests and diseases; and
                ``(iii) improving nitrogen fixation and water use 
            efficiency to reduce the carbon and energy footprint of 
            agriculture;
            ``(D) the optimization of systems used in producing pulse 
        crops to reduce water usage; and
            ``(E) education and technical assistance programs with 
        respect to pulse crops, such as programs--
                ``(i) providing technical expertise to help food 
            companies include pulse crops in innovative and healthy 
            food; and
                ``(ii) establishing an educational program to encourage 
            pulse crop consumption in the United States.
        ``(3) Administration.--Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) of 
    subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
    Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)) shall apply with respect to the making 
    of a competitive grant under this subsection.
        ``(4) Priorities.--In making competitive grants under this 
    subsection, the Secretary shall provide a higher priority to 
    projects that--
            ``(A) are multistate, multiinstitutional, and 
        multidisciplinary; and
            ``(B) include explicit mechanisms to communicate results to 
        the pulse crop industry and the public.
        ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this subsection $25,000,000 for each 
    of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.'';
        (7) by striking subsection (f) (as redesignated by such 
    section) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Training Coordination for Food and Agriculture Protection.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make a competitive grant 
    to, or enter into a contract or a cooperative agreement with, an 
    eligible entity (described in paragraph (2)) for purposes of 
    establishing an internationally integrated training system to 
    enhance the protection of the food supply in the United States, to 
    be known as the `Comprehensive Food Safety Training Network' 
    (referred to in this subsection as the `Network').
        ``(2) Eligibility.--
            ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this subsection, an 
        eligible entity is a multiinstitutional consortium that 
        includes--
                ``(i) a nonprofit institution that provides food safety 
            protection training; and
                ``(ii) one or more training centers in institutions of 
            higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
            Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that have 
            demonstrated expertise in developing and delivering 
            community-based training in food supply and agricultural 
            safety and defense.
            ``(B) Collective consideration.--The Secretary may consider 
        such consortium collectively and not on an institution-by-
        institution basis.
        ``(3) Duties of eligible entity.--As a condition of receiving a 
    competitive grant or entering into a contract or a cooperative 
    agreement with the Secretary under this subsection, the eligible 
    entity, in cooperation with the Secretary, shall establish and 
    maintain the Network, including by--
            ``(A) providing basic, technical, management, and 
        leadership training (including by developing curricula) to 
        regulatory and public health officials, producers, processors, 
        and other agribusinesses;
            ``(B) serving as the hub for the administration of the 
        Network;
            ``(C) implementing a standardized national curriculum to 
        ensure the consistent delivery of quality training throughout 
        the United States;
            ``(D) building and overseeing a nationally recognized 
        instructor cadre to ensure the availability of highly qualified 
        instructors;
            ``(E) reviewing training proposed through the National 
        Institute of Food and Agriculture and other relevant Federal 
        agencies that report to the Secretary on the quality and 
        content of proposed and existing courses;
            ``(F) assisting Federal agencies in the implementation of 
        food safety protection training requirements including 
        requirements under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
        U.S.C. 301 et seq.), the Agricultural Act of 2014, and any 
        provision of law amended by such Act; and
            ``(G) performing evaluation and outcome-based studies to 
        provide to the Secretary information on the effectiveness and 
        impact of training and metrics on jurisdictions and sectors 
        within the food safety system.
        ``(4) Membership.--An eligible entity may alter the consortium 
    membership to meet specific training expertise needs.
        ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this subsection $20,000,000 for each 
    of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, to remain available until 
    expended.'';
        (8) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by such section)--
            (A) by striking ``2012'' each place it appears in 
        paragraphs (1)(B), (2)(B), and (3) and inserting ``2018'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``pest and pathogen''; 
            and
                (ii) by striking ``pest and pathogen surveillance'' and 
            inserting ``pest, pathogen, health, and population status 
            surveillance'';
            (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5);
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(4) Consultation.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
    Secretary of the Interior and the Administrator of the 
    Environmental Protection Agency, shall publish guidance on 
    enhancing pollinator health and the long-term viability of 
    populations of pollinators, including recommendations related to--
            ``(A) allowing for managed honey bees to forage on National 
        Forest System lands where compatible with other natural 
        resource management priorities; and
            ``(B) planting and maintaining managed honey bee and native 
        pollinator foraging on National Forest System lands where 
        compatible with other natural resource management 
        priorities.''; and
            (E) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
        (C))--
                (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
            clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and moving the margins 
            of such subparagraphs two ems to the right;
                (ii) by striking ``annual report describing'' and 
            inserting the following: ``annual report--
            ``(A) describing'';
                (iii) in clause (i) (as redesignated by clause (i) of 
            this subparagraph)--

                    (I) by inserting ``and honey bee health disorders'' 
                after ``collapse''; and
                    (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;

                (iv) in clause (ii) (as redesignated by clause (i) of 
            this subparagraph)--

                    (I) by inserting ``, including best management 
                practices'' after ``strategies''; and
                    (II) by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting ``; and'';

                (v) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                ``(iii) addressing the decline of managed honey bees 
            and native pollinators;''; and
                (vi) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraphs:
            ``(B) assessing Federal efforts to mitigate pollinator 
        losses and threats to the United States commercial beekeeping 
        industry; and
            ``(C) providing recommendations to Congress regarding how 
        to better coordinate Federal agency efforts to address the 
        decline of managed honey bees and native pollinators.''; and
        (9) in subsection (h) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by 
    striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7210. REPEAL OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND EXTENSION 
INITIATIVE.
    Section 1672A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925a) is repealed.
SEC. 7211. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.
    Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
        education,'' after ``support research'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and improvement'' 
        after ``development'';
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to producers and 
        processors who use organic methods'' and inserting ``of organic 
        agricultural production and methods to producers, processors, 
        and rural communities''; and
            (D) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and marketing and to 
        socioeconomic conditions'' and inserting ``, marketing, food 
        safety, socioeconomic conditions, and farm business 
        management''; and
        (2) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by section 
    7128(b)(2)(D)(ii))--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``for fiscal years 2009 
            through 2012'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
            the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``2009 through 2012'' 
            and inserting ``2014 through 2018''; and
                (ii) by striking ``2009 through 2012'' and inserting 
            ``2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 7212. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOENERGY FEEDSTOCK AND ENERGY 
EFFICIENCY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 1672C of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925e) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 251(f)(1)(D) of the Department 
of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(D)) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking clause (xi); and
        (2) by redesignating clauses (xii) and (xiii) as clauses (xi) 
    and (xii), respectively.
SEC. 7213. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.
    Section 1672D(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925f(d)) is amended by striking ``such sums as 
are necessary to carry out this section.'' and inserting the following: 
``to carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
        ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7214. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.
    (a) In General.--The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 is amended by inserting after section 1672D (7 U.S.C. 5925f) 
the following new section:
``SEC. 1673. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.
    ``(a) Funding Priorities.--The Secretary shall prioritize centers 
of excellence established for purposes of carrying out research, 
extension, and education activities relating to the food and 
agricultural sciences (as defined in section 1404 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3103)) for the receipt of funding for any competitive research 
or extension program administered by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Composition.--A center of excellence is composed of 1 or more 
of the eligible entities specified in subsection (b)(7) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(b)(7)) that provide financial or in-kind support to the center of 
excellence.
    ``(c) Criteria for Centers of Excellence.--
        ``(1) Required efforts.--The criteria for recognition as a 
    center of excellence shall include efforts--
            ``(A) to ensure coordination and cost effectiveness by 
        reducing unnecessarily duplicative efforts regarding research, 
        teaching, and extension;
            ``(B) to leverage available resources by using public-
        private partnerships among agricultural industry groups, 
        institutions of higher education, and the Federal Government;
            ``(C) to implement teaching initiatives to increase 
        awareness and effectively disseminate solutions to target 
        audiences through extension activities; and
            ``(D) to increase the economic returns to rural communities 
        by identifying, attracting, and directing funds to high-
        priority agricultural issues.
        ``(2) Additional efforts.--Where practicable, the criteria for 
    recognition as a center of excellence shall include efforts to 
    improve teaching capacity and infrastructure at colleges and 
    universities (including land-grant colleges and universities, 
    cooperating forestry schools, NLGCA Institutions (as those terms 
    are defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
    Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)), and 
    schools of veterinary medicine).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2014.
SEC. 7215. REPEAL OF RED MEAT SAFETY RESEARCH CENTER.
    Section 1676 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5929) is repealed.
SEC. 7216. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM FOR FARMERS WITH DISABILITIES.
    Section 1680(c)(1) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933(c)(1)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``is'' and inserting ``are''; and
        (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and inserting 
    the following: ``section--
            ``(A) $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 
        2013; and
            ``(B) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7217. NATIONAL RURAL INFORMATION CENTER CLEARINGHOUSE.
    Section 2381(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3125b(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

SEC. 7301. RELEVANCE AND MERIT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
EDUCATION FUNDED BY THE DEPARTMENT.
    Section 103(a)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7613(a)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in the heading by striking ``Merit review of extension'' 
    and inserting ``Relevance and merit review of research, 
    extension,'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by inserting ``relevance and'' before ``merit''; and
            (B) by striking ``extension or education'' and inserting 
        ``research, extension, or education''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on a continuous basis'' 
    after ``procedures''.
SEC. 7302. INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION COMPETITIVE 
GRANTS PROGRAM.
    Subsection (e) of section 406 of the Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626) (as 
redesignated by section 7128(b)(3)(A)(ii)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7303. SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH REGARDING DISEASES OF WHEAT, TRITICALE, 
AND BARLEY CAUSED BY FUSARIUM GRAMINEARUM OR BY TILLETIA INDICA.
    Section 408(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7628(e)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 
    1999 through 2013; and
        ``(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018.''.
SEC. 7304. REPEAL OF BOVINE JOHNE'S DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM.
    Section 409 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7629) is repealed.
SEC. 7305. GRANTS FOR YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.
    Section 410(d) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630(d)) is amended by striking 
``section such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2008 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7306. SPECIALTY CROP RESEARCH INITIATIVE.
    Section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively;
            (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
        the following new paragraph:
        ``(1) Citrus disease subcommittee.--The term `citrus disease 
    subcommittee' means the subcommittee established under section 
    1408A(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
    Teaching Policy Act of 1977.''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Specialty crops committee.--The term `specialty crops 
    committee' means the committee established under section 1408A of 
    the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
    Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a).'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and genomics'' and 
        inserting ``genomics, and other methods''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``handling and 
        processing,'' after ``production efficiency,'';
        (3) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``the Initiative'' and inserting ``this section'';
        (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(d) Review of Proposals.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall award competitive grants on the basis of--
        ``(1) a scientific peer review conducted by a panel of subject 
    matter experts from Federal agencies, non-Federal entities, and the 
    specialty crop industry; and
        ``(2) a review and ranking for merit, relevance, and impact 
    conducted by a panel of specialty crop industry representatives for 
    the specific specialty crop.'';
        (5) by redesignating subsections (e) (as amended by section 
    7128(b)(3)(B)), (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (g), (h), (i), and 
    (k), respectively;
        (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(e) Consultation.--Each fiscal year, before conducting the 
scientific peer review described in paragraph (1) of subsection (d) and 
the merit and relevancy review described in paragraph (2) of such 
subsection, the Secretary shall consult with the specialty crops 
committee regarding such reviews. The committee shall provide the 
Secretary--
        ``(1) in the first fiscal year in which that consultation 
    occurs, any recommendations for conducting such reviews in such 
    fiscal year; and
        ``(2) in any subsequent fiscal year in which such consultation 
    occurs--
            ``(A) an assessment of the procedures and objectives used 
        by the Secretary for such reviews in the previous fiscal year;
            ``(B) any recommendations for such reviews for the current 
        fiscal year; and
            ``(C) any comments on grants awarded under subsection (d) 
        during the previous fiscal year.
    ``(f) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on--
        ``(1) the results of the consultations with the specialty crops 
    committee (and subcommittees thereof) conducted under subsection 
    (e) of this section and subsection (g) of section 1408A of the 
    National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
    of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a);
        ``(2) the specialty crops committee's (and subcommittees 
    thereof) recommendations, if any, provided to the Secretary during 
    such consultations; and
        ``(3) the specialty crops committee's (and subcommittees 
    thereof) review of the grants awarded under subsection (d) and (j), 
    as applicable, in the previous fiscal year.'';
        (7) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(1) In general.--With respect to grants awarded under this 
    section, the Secretary shall seek and accept proposals for 
    grants.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by section 
        7128(b)(3)(B)), by striking ``this section'' and inserting 
        ``the Initiative'';
        (8) in subsection (h) (as so redesignated), in the matter 
    preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``this section'' and inserting 
    ``the Initiative'';
        (9) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``(1) Mandatory funding for fiscal 
            years 2008 through 2012.--Of the funds'' and inserting the 
            following:
        ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
            ``(A) Fiscal years 2008 through 2012.--Of the funds''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(B) Subsequent funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make available to carry 
        out this section $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each 
        fiscal year thereafter.
            ``(C) Reservation.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018, the Secretary shall reserve not less than $25,000,000 of 
        the funds made available under subparagraph (B) to carry out 
        the program established under subsection (j).
            ``(D) Availability of funds.--Funds reserved under 
        subparagraph (C) shall remain available and reserved for the 
        purpose described in such subparagraph until expended.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``2008 through 2012'' 
            and inserting ``2014 through 2018'' ; and
                (ii) by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and inserting 
            ``2014 through 2018''; and
        (10) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(j) Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension Program.--
        ``(1) Establishment and purpose.--The Secretary shall establish 
    a competitive research and extension grant program to combat 
    diseases of citrus under which the Secretary awards competitive 
    grants to eligible entities--
            ``(A) to conduct scientific research and extension 
        activities, technical assistance, and development activities to 
        combat citrus diseases and pests, both domestic and invasive, 
        which pose imminent harm to the United States citrus production 
        and threaten the future viability of the citrus industry, 
        including huanglongbing and the Asian Citrus Psyllid; and
            ``(B) to provide support for the dissemination and 
        commercialization of relevant information, techniques, and 
        technologies discovered pursuant to research and extension 
        activities funded through--
                ``(i) the emergency citrus disease research and 
            extension program; or
                ``(ii) other research and extension projects intended 
            to solve problems caused by citrus production diseases and 
            invasive pests.
        ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, the 
    Secretary shall give priority to grants that address the research 
    and extension priorities established pursuant to subsection (g)(4) 
    of section 1408A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
    and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a).
        ``(3) Coordination.--When developing the proposed research and 
    extension agenda and budget under subsection (g)(2) of section 
    1408A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
    Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a) for the funds made 
    available under this subsection for a fiscal year, the citrus 
    disease subcommittee shall--
            ``(A) seek input from Federal and State agencies and other 
        entities involved in citrus disease response; and
            ``(B) take into account other public and private citrus-
        related research and extension projects and the funding for 
        such projects.
        ``(4) Nonduplication.--The Secretary shall ensure that funds 
    made available to carry out the emergency citrus disease research 
    and extension activities under this subsection shall be in addition 
    to and not supplant funds made available to carry out other citrus 
    disease activities carried out by the Department of Agriculture in 
    consultation with State agencies.
        ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to the 
    amounts reserved under subsection (k)(1)(C), there are authorized 
    to be appropriated to carry out this subsection, $25,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) Citrus.--The term `citrus' means edible fruit of the 
        family Rutaceae, including any hybrid of such fruits and 
        products of such hybrids that are produced for commercial 
        purposes in the United States. 
            ``(B) Citrus producer.--The term `citrus producer' means 
        any person that is engaged in the domestic production and 
        commercial sale of citrus in the United States. 
            ``(C) Emergency citrus disease research and extension 
        program.--The term `emergency citrus disease research and 
        extension program' means the emergency citrus research and 
        extension grant program established under this subsection.''.
SEC. 7307. [H7308] FOOD ANIMAL RESIDUE AVOIDANCE DATABASE PROGRAM.
    Section 604(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7642(e)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7308. REPEAL OF NATIONAL SWINE RESEARCH CENTER.
    Section 612 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-185; 112 Stat. 605) is repealed.
SEC. 7309. OFFICE OF PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.
    Section 614(f) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7653(f)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
        (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and inserting 
    the following: ``section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7310. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.
    Subtitle B of title VI of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7651 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 616 (7 U.S.C. 7655) the following new section:
    ``SEC. 617. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a forestry and 
forestry products research and extension initiative to develop and 
disseminate science-based tools that address the needs of the forestry 
sector and their respective regions, forest and timberland owners and 
managers, and forestry products engineering, manufacturing, and related 
interests.
    ``(b) Activities.--The initiative described in subsection (a) shall 
include the following activities:
        ``(1) Research conducted for purposes of--
            ``(A) wood quality improvement with respect to lumber 
        strength and grade yield;
            ``(B) the development of novel engineered lumber products 
        and renewable energy from wood; and
            ``(C) enhancing the longevity, sustainability, and 
        profitability of timberland through sound management and 
        utilization.
        ``(2) Demonstration activities and technology transfer to 
    demonstrate the beneficial characteristics of wood as a green 
    building material, including investments in life cycle assessment 
    for wood products.
        ``(3) Projects designed to improve--
            ``(A) forestry products, lumber, and evaluation standards 
        and valuation techniques;
            ``(B) lumber quality and value-based, on-forest management 
        techniques; and
            ``(C) forestry products conversion and manufacturing 
        efficiency, productivity, and profitability over the long term 
        (including forestry product marketing).
    ``(c) Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make competitive grants 
    to carry out the activities described in subsection (b).
        ``(2) Priorities.--In making grants under this section, the 
    Secretary shall give higher priority to activities that are carried 
    out by entities that--
            ``(A) are multistate, multiinstitutional, or 
        multidisciplinary;
            ``(B) have explicit mechanisms to communicate results to 
        producers, forestry industry stakeholders, policymakers, and 
        the public; and
            ``(C) have--
                ``(i) extensive history and demonstrated experience in 
            forestry and forestry products research;
                ``(ii) existing capacity in forestry products research 
            and dissemination; and
                ``(iii) a demonstrated means of evaluating and 
            responding to the needs of the related commercial sector.
        ``(3) Administration.--In making grants under this section, the 
    Secretary shall follow the requirements of paragraphs (4), (7), 
    (8), and (11)(B) of subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and 
    Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).
        ``(4) Term.--The term of a grant made under this section may 
    not exceed 10 years.
    ``(d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall ensure that any activities 
carried out under this section are carried out in coordination with the 
Forest Service, including the Forest Products Laboratory, and other 
appropriate agencies of the Department.
    ``(e) Report.--The Secretary shall submit an annual report to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
describing, for the period covered by the report--
        ``(1) the research that has been conducted under paragraph (2) 
    of subsection (b);
        ``(2) the number of buildings the Forest Service has built with 
    wood as the primary structural material; and
        ``(3) the investments made by the Forest Service in green 
    building and wood promotion.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
        ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
    carry out this section $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
    through 2018.
        ``(2) Matching funds.--To the extent practicable, the Secretary 
    shall match any funds made available under paragraph (1) with funds 
    made available under section 7 of the Forest and Rangeland 
    Renewable Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C.1646).''.
SEC. 7311. REPEAL OF STUDIES OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
EDUCATION.
    Subtitle C of title VI of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7671 et seq.) is repealed.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

SEC. 7401. CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS ACT.
    Section 16(a) of the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 
178n(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
        (2) by striking ``Act'' and all that follows and inserting the 
    following: ``Act--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1991 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7402. EQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL LAND-GRANT STATUS ACT OF 1994.
    (a) Definition of 1994 Institution.--
        (1) In general.--Section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-
    Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382) is 
    amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 532. DEFINITION OF 1994 INSTITUTION.
    ``In this part, the term `1994 Institution' means any of the 
following colleges:
        ``(1) Aaniiih Nakoda College.
        ``(2) Bay Mills Community College.
        ``(3) Blackfeet Community College.
        ``(4) Cankdeska Cikana Community College.
        ``(5) Chief Dull Knife College.
        ``(6) College of Menominee Nation.
        ``(7) College of the Muscogee Nation.
        ``(8) D-Q University.
        ``(9) Dine College.
        ``(10) Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College.
        ``(11) Fort Berthold Community College.
        ``(12) Fort Peck Community College.
        ``(13) Haskell Indian Nations University.
        ``(14) Ilisagvik College.
        ``(15) Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture 
    and Arts Development.
        ``(16) Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College.
        ``(17) Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College.
        ``(18) Leech Lake Tribal College.
        ``(19) Little Big Horn College.
        ``(20) Little Priest Tribal College.
        ``(21) Navajo Technical College.
        ``(22) Nebraska Indian Community College.
        ``(23) Northwest Indian College.
        ``(24) Oglala Lakota College.
        ``(25) Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College.
        ``(26) Salish Kootenai College.
        ``(27) Sinte Gleska University.
        ``(28) Sisseton Wahpeton College.
        ``(29) Sitting Bull College.
        ``(30) Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.
        ``(31) Stone Child College.
        ``(32) Tohono O'odham Community College.
        ``(33) Turtle Mountain Community College.
        ``(34) United Tribes Technical College.
        ``(35) White Earth Tribal and Community College.''.
        (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) shall 
    take effect on October 1, 2014.
    (b) Endowment for 1994 Institutions.--Section 533(b) of the Equity 
in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Institutional Capacity Building Grants.--Section 535 of the 
Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; 
Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it 
appears in subsections (b)(1) and (c) and inserting ``2018''.
    (d) Research Grants.--
        (1) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 536(c) of the 
    Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 
    note; Public Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence by 
    striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
        (2) Research grant requirements.--Section 536(b) of the Equity 
    in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; 
    Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``with at least 1 other 
    land-grant college or university'' and all that follows and 
    inserting the following: ``with--
        ``(1) the Agricultural Research Service of the Department of 
    Agriculture; or
        ``(2) at least 1--
            ``(A) other land-grant college or university (exclusive of 
        another 1994 Institution);
            ``(B) non-land-grant college of agriculture (as defined in 
        section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
        and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); or
            ``(C) cooperating forestry school (as defined in that 
        section).''.
SEC. 7403. RESEARCH FACILITIES ACT.
    Section 6(a) of the Research Facilities Act (7 U.S.C. 390d(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7404. COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL, AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANT ACT.
    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b)(11)(A) of the Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(11)(A)) is amended, 
in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Priority Areas.--Subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in clause (vii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (viii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                ``(ix) the research and development of surveillance 
            methods, vaccines, vaccination delivery systems, or 
            diagnostic tests for pests and diseases, including--

                    ``(I) epizootic diseases in domestic livestock 
                (including deer, elk, bison, and other animals of the 
                family Cervidae); and
                    ``(II) zoonotic diseases (including bovine 
                brucellosis and bovine tuberculosis) in domestic 
                livestock or wildlife reservoirs that present a 
                potential concern to public health; and

                ``(x) the identification of animal drug needs and the 
            generation and dissemination of data for safe and effective 
            therapeutic applications of animal drugs for minor species 
            and minor uses of such drugs in major species.'';
        (2) in subparagraph (D)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Renewable energy'' and 
        inserting ``Bioenergy'';
            (B) by redesignating clauses (iv), (v), and (vi) as clauses 
        (v), (vi), and (vii), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after clause (iii) the following new 
        clause:
                ``(iv) the effectiveness of conservation practices and 
            technologies designed to address nutrient losses and 
            improve water quality;''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (F)--
            (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting 
        ``economics,'' after ``trade,'';
            (B) by redesignating clauses (v) and (vi) as clauses (vi) 
        and (vii), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after clause (iv) the following new 
        clause:
                ``(v) the economic costs, benefits, and viability of 
            producers adopting conservation practices and technologies 
            designed to improve water quality;''.
    (c) General Administration.--Subsection (b)(4) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(4)) is 
amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) establish procedures, including timelines, under 
        which an entity established under a commodity promotion law (as 
        such term is defined under section 501(a) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7401(a))) or a State commodity board (or other equivalent State 
        entity) may directly submit to the Secretary for consideration 
        proposals for requests for applications that specifically 
        address particular issues related to the priority areas 
        specified in paragraph (2). ''.
    (d) Special Considerations.--Subsection (b)(6) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(6)) is 
amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) to eligible entities to carry out the specific 
        proposals submitted under procedures established under 
        paragraph (4)(F) only if such specific proposals are consistent 
        with a priority area specified in paragraph (2).''.
    (e) Eligible Entities.--Subsection (b)(7)(G) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(7)(G)) is 
amended by striking ``or corporations'' and inserting ``, foundations, 
or corporations''.
    (f) Special Contribution Requirement for Certain Grants.--
Subsection (b)(9) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(9)) (as amended by section 7128(b)(4)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Contribution requirement for commodity promotion 
        grants.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clauses (ii) and (iii), 
            as a condition of funding a grant under paragraph (6)(E), 
            the Secretary shall require that the grant be matched with 
            an equal contribution of funds from the entities described 
            in paragraph (4)(F) submitting proposals under procedures 
            established under such paragraph.
                ``(ii) Availability of funds.--

                    ``(I) In general.--Contributions required by clause 
                (i) shall be available to the Secretary for obligation 
                and remain available until expended for the purpose of 
                making grants under paragraph (6)(E).
                    ``(II) Administration.--Of amounts contributed to 
                the Secretary under clause (i), not more than 4 percent 
                may be retained by the Secretary to pay administrative 
                costs incurred by the Secretary in carrying out this 
                subsection.
                    ``(III) Restriction.--Funds contributed to the 
                Secretary by an entity under clause (i) in connection 
                with a proposal submitted by that entity under 
                procedures established under paragraph (4)(F) may only 
                be used to fund grants in connection with that 
                proposal.
                    ``(IV) Remaining funds.--Funds contributed to the 
                Secretary by an entity under clause (i) that remain 
                unobligated at the time of grant closeout shall be 
                returned to that entity.
                    ``(V) Indirect costs.--The indirect cost rate 
                applicable to appropriated funds for a grant funded 
                under paragraph (6)(E) shall apply to amounts 
                contributed by an entity under clause (i).

                ``(iii) Other matching funds requirements.--The 
            contribution requirement under clause (i) shall be in 
            addition to any matching funds requirement for grant 
            recipients required by section 1492 of the National 
            Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
            of 1977.''.
    (g) Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4.--Subsection (e) of 
the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``minor use pesticides'' 
    and inserting ``pesticides for minor agricultural use and for use 
    on specialty crops (as defined in section 3 of the Specialty Crops 
    Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 note)),''; and
        (2) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and for use on 
        specialty crops'' after ``minor agricultural use'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (G); 
        and
            (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraphs:
            ``(C) prioritize potential pest management technology for 
        minor agricultural use and for use on specialty crops;
            ``(D) conduct research to develop the data necessary to 
        facilitate pesticide registrations, reregistrations, and 
        associated tolerances;
            ``(E) assist in removing trade barriers caused by residues 
        of pesticides registered for minor agricultural use and for use 
        on domestically grown specialty crops;
            ``(F) assist in the registration and reregistration of pest 
        management technologies for minor agricultural use and for use 
        on specialty crops; and''.
SEC. 7405. RENEWABLE RESOURCES EXTENSION ACT OF 1978.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 6 of the Renewable 
Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1675) is amended in the 
first sentence by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Termination Date.--Section 8 of the Renewable Resources 
Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 note; Public Law 95-306) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7406. NATIONAL AQUACULTURE ACT OF 1980.
    Section 10 of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 2809) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 7407. REPEAL OF USE OF REMOTE SENSING DATA.
    Section 892 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 5935) is repealed.
SEC. 7408. REPEAL OF REPORTS UNDER FARM SECURITY AND RURAL INVESTMENT 
ACT OF 2002.
    (a) Repeal of Report on Producers and Handlers for Organic 
Products.--Section 7409 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925b note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Report on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected 
Plants.--Section 7410 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 462) is repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Study on Nutrient Banking.--Section 7411 of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925a note; Public 
Law 107-171) is repealed.
SEC. 7409. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3319f) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) through 
        (R) and inserting the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(A) basic livestock, forest management, and crop farming 
        practices;
            ``(B) innovative farm, ranch, and private, nonindustrial 
        forest land transfer strategies;
            ``(C) entrepreneurship and business training;
            ``(D) financial and risk management training (including the 
        acquisition and management of agricultural credit);
            ``(E) natural resource management and planning;
            ``(F) diversification and marketing strategies;
            ``(G) curriculum development;
            ``(H) mentoring, apprenticeships, and internships;
            ``(I) resources and referral;
            ``(J) farm financial benchmarking;
            ``(K) assisting beginning farmers or ranchers in acquiring 
        land from retiring farmers and ranchers;
            ``(L) agricultural rehabilitation and vocational training 
        for veterans;
            ``(M) farm safety and awareness; and
            ``(N) other similar subject areas of use to beginning 
        farmers or ranchers.'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``and nongovernmental 
        organization'' and inserting ``or nongovernmental 
        organization'';
            (C) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and community-based 
        organizations'' and inserting ``, community-based 
        organizations, and school-based agricultural educational 
        organizations'';
            (D) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(8) Set-asides.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not less than 5 percent of the funds 
        used to carry out this subsection for a fiscal year shall be 
        used to support programs and services that address the needs 
        of--
                ``(i) limited resource beginning farmers or ranchers 
            (as defined by the Secretary);
                ``(ii) socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers (as 
            defined in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and 
            Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e)) who are beginning 
            farmers or ranchers; and
                ``(iii) farmworkers desiring to become farmers or 
            ranchers.
            ``(B) Veteran farmers and ranchers.--Not less than 5 
        percent of the funds used to carry out this subsection for a 
        fiscal year shall be used to support programs and services that 
        address the needs of veteran farmers and ranchers (as defined 
        in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))). ''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(11) Limitation on indirect costs.--A recipient of a grant 
    under this subsection may not use more than 10 percent of the funds 
    provided by the grant for the indirect costs of carrying out the 
    initiatives described in paragraph (1).
        ``(12) Coordination permitted.--A recipient of a grant under 
    this subsection using the grant as described in paragraph (8)(B) 
    may coordinate with a recipient of a grant under section 1680 of 
    the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
    U.S.C. 5933) in addressing the needs of veteran farmers and 
    ranchers with disabilities.'';
        (2) in subsection (h)(1)--
            (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018, to remain available until expended.''; and
        (3) in subsection (h)(2)--
            (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``2008 through 
        2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018''; and
            (B) by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``2014 
        through 2018''.
SEC. 7410. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING 
POLICY ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1985.
    Section 1431 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 99 Stat. 
1556) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART I--AGRICULTURAL SECURITY

SEC. 7501. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY COMMUNICATION CENTER.
    Section 14112(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8912(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2008 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7502. ASSISTANCE TO BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN AGRICULTURAL 
BIOSECURITY PLANNING, PREPARATION, AND RESPONSE.
    Section 14113 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8913) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
            (A) by striking ``such sums as may be necessary''; and
            (B) by striking ``subsection'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``subsection--
            ``(A) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``is authorized to be 
    appropriated to carry out this subsection'' and all that follows 
    and inserting the following: ``are authorized to be appropriated to 
    carry out this subsection--
            ``(A) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
        2013; and
            ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7503. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL COUNTERMEASURES.
    Section 14121(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8921(b)) is amended by striking ``is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this section--
        ``(1) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2013; 
    and
        ``(2) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018.''.
SEC. 7504. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.
    Section 14122(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8922(e)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``sums as are necessary''; and
        (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and inserting 
    the following: ``section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2008 
    through 2013, to remain available until expended; and
        ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, to 
    remain available until expended.''.

                   PART II--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 7511. ENHANCED USE LEASE AUTHORITY PILOT PROGRAM.
    Section 308 of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(6)(A), by striking ``5 years'' and 
    inserting ``10 years''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
    (A), by striking ``1, 3, and 5 years'' and inserting ``6, 8, and 10 
    years''.
SEC. 7512. GRAZINGLANDS RESEARCH LABORATORY.
    Section 7502 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2019) is amended by striking ``5-year 
period'' and inserting ``10-year period''.
SEC. 7513. BUDGET SUBMISSION AND FUNDING.
    Section 7506 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7614c) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means--
            ``(A) each research program carried out by the Agricultural 
        Research Service or the Economic Research Service for which 
        annual appropriations are requested in the annual budget 
        submission of the President; and
            ``(B) each competitive program carried out by the National 
        Institute of Food and Agriculture for which annual 
        appropriations are requested in the annual budget submission of 
        the President.
        ``(2) Request for applications.--The term `request for 
    applications' means a funding announcement published by the 
    National Institute of Food and Agriculture that provides detailed 
    information on funding opportunities at the Institute, including 
    the purpose, eligibility, restriction, focus areas, evaluation 
    criteria, regulatory information, and instructions on how to apply 
    for such opportunities.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(e) Additional Presidential Budget Submission Requirement.--
        ``(1) In general.--Each year, the President shall submit to 
    Congress for each funding request for a covered program--
            ``(A) in the case of the information described in paragraph 
        (2), such information together with the annual budget 
        submission of the President; and
            ``(B) in the case of any additional information described 
        in paragraph (3), such additional information within a 
        reasonable period that begins after the date of the annual 
        budget submission of the President.
        ``(2) Information described.--The information described in this 
    paragraph includes--
            ``(A) baseline information, including with respect to each 
        covered program--
                ``(i) the funding level for the program for the fiscal 
            year preceding the year for which the annual budget 
            submission of the President is submitted;
                ``(ii) the funding level requested in the annual budget 
            submission of the President, including any increase or 
            decrease in the funding level; and
                ``(iii) an explanation justifying any change from the 
            funding level specified in clause (i) to the level 
            specified in clause (ii);
            ``(B) with respect to each covered program that is carried 
        out by the Economic Research Service or the Agricultural 
        Research Service, the location and staff years of the program;
            ``(C) the proposed funding levels to be allocated to, and 
        the expected publication date, scope, and allocation level for, 
        each request for applications to be published under or 
        associated with--
                ``(i) each priority area specified in subsection (b)(2) 
            of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant 
            Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(2));
                ``(ii) each research and extension project carried out 
            under section 1621(a) of the Food, Agriculture, 
            Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5811(a));
                ``(iii) each grant awarded under section 1672B(a) of 
            the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 
            (7 U.S.C. 5925b(a));
                ``(iv) each grant awarded under section 412(d) of the 
            Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
            of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632(d)); and
                ``(v) each grant awarded under section 7405(c)(1) of 
            the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
            U.S.C. 3319f(c)(1)); and
            ``(D) any other information the Secretary determines will 
        increase congressional oversight with respect to covered 
        programs.
        ``(3) Additional information described.--The additional 
    information described in this paragraph is information that the 
    Secretary, after consulting with the Committee on Agriculture of 
    the House of Representatives, the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, and the Subcommittees on 
    Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and 
    Related Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
    Representatives and the Senate, determines is a necessary revision 
    or clarification to the information described in paragraph (2).
        ``(4) Prohibition.--Unless the President submits the 
    information described in paragraph (2)(C) for a fiscal year, the 
    President may not carry out any program during that fiscal year 
    that is authorized under--
            ``(A) subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and 
        Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b));
            ``(B) section 1621 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5811);
            ``(C) section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b);
            ``(D) section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
        and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632); or
            ``(E) section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural 
        Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f).
    ``(f) Report of the Secretary of Agriculture.--Each year on a date 
that is not later than the date on which the President submits the 
annual budget, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
containing a description of the agricultural research, extension, and 
education activities carried out by the Federal Government during the 
fiscal year that immediately precedes the year for which the report is 
submitted, including--
        ``(1) a review of the extent to which those activities--
            ``(A) are duplicative or overlap within the Department of 
        Agriculture; or
            ``(B) are similar to activities carried out by--
                ``(i) other Federal agencies;
                ``(ii) the States (including the District of Columbia, 
            the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and other territories or 
            possessions of the United States);
                ``(iii) institutions of higher education (as defined in 
            section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
            1001)); or
                ``(iv) the private sector; and
        ``(2) for each report submitted under this section on or after 
    January 1, 2014, a 5-year projection of national priorities with 
    respect to agricultural research, extension, and education, taking 
    into account domestic needs.
    ``(g) Interchangeability of Funds.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed so as to limit the authority of the Secretary under 
section 702(b) of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944 (7 
U.S.C. 2257(b)), with respect to the reprogramming or transfer of 
funds.''.
SEC. 7514. REPEAL OF SEED DISTRIBUTION.
    Section 7523 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 415-1) is repealed.
SEC. 7515. NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM.
    Section 7525(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 5937(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $7,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7516. SUN GRANT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 7526 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(4)(B), by striking ``the Department of 
    Energy'' and inserting ``other appropriate Federal agencies (as 
    determined by the Secretary)'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``at South Dakota 
        State University'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``at the University of 
        Tennessee at Knoxville'';
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``at Oklahoma State 
        University'';
            (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``at Oregon State 
        University'';
            (E) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``at Cornell 
        University''; and
            (F) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``at the University of 
        Hawaii'';
        (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``multistate'' and all 
        that follows through ``technology implementation'' and 
        inserting ``integrated, multistate research, extension, and 
        education programs on technology development and technology 
        implementation'';
            (B) by striking subparagraph (C); and
            (C) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (C);
        (4) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``in accordance with paragraph (2)'';
                (ii) by striking ``gasification'' and inserting 
            ``bioproducts''; and
                (iii) by striking ``the Department of Energy'' and 
            inserting ``other appropriate Federal agencies'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively; and
        (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7526(f)(1) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114(f)) is amended by 
striking ``subsection (c)(1)(D)(i)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(c)(1)(C)(i)''.
SEC. 7517. REPEAL OF STUDY AND REPORT ON FOOD DESERTS.
    Section 7527 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2039) is repealed.
SEC. 7518. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND 
EDUCATION.
    Section 7529 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 5938) is repealed.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 7601. FOUNDATION FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RESEARCH.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the Board of Directors 
    described in subsection (e).
        (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the Department 
    of Agriculture.
        (3) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the Foundation 
    for Food and Agriculture Research established under subsection (b).
        (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
    Agriculture.
    (b) Establishment.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a nonprofit 
    corporation to be known as the ``Foundation for Food and 
    Agriculture Research''.
        (2) Status.--The Foundation shall not be an agency or 
    instrumentality of the United States Government.
    (c) Purposes.--The purposes of the Foundation shall be--
        (1) to advance the research mission of the Department by 
    supporting agricultural research activities focused on addressing 
    key problems of national and international significance including--
            (A) plant health, production, and plant products;
            (B) animal health, production, and products;
            (C) food safety, nutrition, and health;
            (D) renewable energy, natural resources, and the 
        environment;
            (E) agricultural and food security;
            (F) agriculture systems and technology; and
            (G) agriculture economics and rural communities; and
        (2) to foster collaboration with agricultural researchers from 
    the Federal Government, State (as defined in section 1404 of the 
    National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
    of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)) governments, institutions of higher 
    education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 
    1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), industry, and nonprofit organizations.
    (d) Duties.--
        (1) In general.--The Foundation shall--
            (A) award grants to, or enter into contracts, memoranda of 
        understanding, or cooperative agreements with, scientists and 
        entities, which may include agricultural research agencies in 
        the Department, university consortia, public-private 
        partnerships, institutions of higher education, nonprofit 
        organizations, and industry, to efficiently and effectively 
        advance the goals and priorities of the Foundation;
            (B) in consultation with the Secretary--
                (i) identify existing and proposed Federal intramural 
            and extramural research and development programs relating 
            to the purposes of the Foundation described in subsection 
            (c); and
                (ii) coordinate Foundation activities with those 
            programs so as to minimize duplication of existing efforts 
            and to avoid conflicts;
            (C) identify unmet and emerging agricultural research needs 
        after reviewing the roadmap for agricultural research, 
        education, and extension authorized by section 7504 of the 
        Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7614a);
            (D) facilitate technology transfer and release of 
        information and data gathered from the activities of the 
        Foundation to the agricultural research community;
            (E) promote and encourage the development of the next 
        generation of agricultural research scientists; and
            (F) carry out such other activities as the Board determines 
        to be consistent with the purposes of the Foundation.
        (2) Relationship to other activities.--The activities described 
    in paragraph (1) shall be supplemental to any other activities at 
    the Department and shall not preempt any authority or 
    responsibility of the Department under another provision of law.
    (e) Board of Directors.--
        (1) Establishment.--The Foundation shall be governed by a Board 
    of Directors.
        (2) Composition.--
            (A) In general.--The Board shall be composed of appointed 
        and ex-officio, nonvoting members.
            (B) Ex-officio members.--The ex-officio members of the 
        Board shall be the following individuals or designees of such 
        individuals:
                (i) The Secretary.
                (ii) The Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, 
            Education, and Economics.
                (iii) The Administrator of the Agricultural Research 
            Service.
                (iv) The Director of the National Institute of Food and 
            Agriculture.
                (v) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
            (C) Appointed members.--
                (i) In general.--The ex-officio members of the Board 
            (as specified in subparagraph (B)) shall, by majority vote, 
            appoint to the Board 15 individuals, of whom--

                    (I) 8 shall be selected from a list of candidates 
                to be provided by the National Academy of Sciences; and
                    (II) 7 shall be selected from lists of candidates 
                provided by industry.

                (ii) Requirements.--

                    (I) Expertise.--The ex-officio members shall ensure 
                that a majority of the appointed members of the Board 
                have actual experience in agricultural research and, to 
                the extent practicable, represent diverse sectors of 
                agriculture.
                    (II) Limitation.--No employee of the Federal 
                Government may serve as an appointed member of the 
                Board under this subparagraph.
                    (III) Not federal employment.--Appointment to the 
                Board under this subparagraph shall not constitute 
                Federal employment.

                (iii) Authority.--All appointed members of the Board 
            shall be voting members.
            (D) Chair.--The Board shall, from among the members of the 
        Board, designate an individual to serve as Chair of the Board.
        (3) Initial meeting.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall convene a meeting of the 
    ex-officio members of the Board--
            (A) to incorporate the Foundation; and
            (B) to appoint the members of the Board in accordance with 
        paragraph (2)(C)(i).
        (4) Duties.--
            (A) In general.--The Board shall--
                (i) establish bylaws for the Foundation that, at a 
            minimum, include--

                    (I) policies for the selection of future Board 
                members, officers, employees, agents, and contractors 
                of the Foundation;
                    (II) policies, including ethical standards, for--

                        (aa) the acceptance, solicitation, and 
                    disposition of donations and grants to the 
                    Foundation; and
                        (bb) the disposition of assets of the 
                    Foundation, including appropriate limits on the 
                    ability of donors to designate, by stipulation or 
                    restriction, the use or recipient of donated funds;

                    (III) policies that would subject all employees, 
                fellows, trainees, and other agents of the Foundation 
                (including members of the Board) to conflict of 
                interest standards in the same manner as Federal 
                employees are subject to the conflict of interest 
                standards under section 208 of title 18, United States 
                Code;
                    (IV) policies for writing, editing, printing, 
                publishing, and vending of books and other materials;
                    (V) policies for the conduct of the general 
                operations of the Foundation, including a cap on 
                administrative expenses for recipients of a grant, 
                contract, or cooperative agreement from the Foundation; 
                and
                    (VI) specific duties for the Executive Director;

                (ii) prioritize and provide overall direction for the 
            activities of the Foundation;
                (iii) evaluate the performance of the Executive 
            Director; and
                (iv) carry out any other necessary activities regarding 
            the Foundation.
            (B) Establishment of bylaws.--In establishing bylaws under 
        subparagraph (A)(i), the Board shall ensure that the bylaws do 
        not--
                (i) reflect unfavorably on the ability of the 
            Foundation to carry out the duties of the Foundation in a 
            fair and objective manner; or
                (ii) compromise, or appear to compromise, the integrity 
            of any governmental agency or program, or any officer or 
            employee employed by, or involved in, a governmental agency 
            or program.
        (5) Terms and vacancies.--
            (A) Terms.--
                (i) In general.--The term of each member of the Board 
            appointed under paragraph (2)(C) shall be 5 years, except 
            that of the members initially appointed, 8 of the members 
            shall each be appointed for a term of 3 years and 7 of the 
            members shall each be appointed for a term of 2 years.
                (ii) Partial terms.--If a member of the Board does not 
            serve the full term applicable under clause (i), the 
            individual appointed to fill the resulting vacancy shall be 
            appointed for the remainder of the term of the predecessor 
            of the individual.
                (iii) Transition.--A member of the Board may continue 
            to serve after the expiration of the term of the member 
            until a successor is appointed.
            (B) Vacancies.--After the initial appointment of the 
        members of the Board under paragraph (2)(C), any vacancy in the 
        membership of the Board shall be filled as provided in the 
        bylaws established under paragraph (4)(A)(i).
        (6) Compensation.--Members of the Board may not receive 
    compensation for service on the Board but may be reimbursed for 
    travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred in 
    carrying out the duties of the Board.
        (7) Meetings and quorum.--A majority of the members of the 
    Board shall constitute a quorum for purposes of conducting the 
    business of the Board.
    (f) Administration.--
        (1) Executive director.--
            (A) In general.--The Board shall hire an Executive Director 
        who shall carry out such duties and responsibilities as the 
        Board may prescribe.
            (B) Service.--The Executive Director shall serve at the 
        pleasure of the Board.
        (2) Administrative powers.--
            (A) In general.--In carrying out this section, the Board, 
        acting through the Executive Director, may--
                (i) adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal, which shall 
            be judicially noticed;
                (ii) hire, promote, compensate, and discharge 1 or more 
            officers, employees, and agents, as may be necessary, and 
            define the duties of the officers, employees, and agents;
                (iii) solicit and accept any funds, gifts, grants, 
            devises, or bequests of real or personal property made to 
            the Foundation, including such support from private 
            entities;
                (iv) prescribe the manner in which--

                    (I) real or personal property of the Foundation is 
                acquired, held, and transferred;
                    (II) general operations of the Foundation are to be 
                conducted; and
                    (III) the privileges granted to the Board by law 
                are exercised and enjoyed;

                (v) with the consent of the applicable executive 
            department or independent agency, use the information, 
            services, and facilities of the department or agency in 
            carrying out this section on a reimbursable basis;
                (vi) enter into contracts with public and private 
            organizations for the writing, editing, printing, and 
            publishing of books and other material;
                (vii) hold, administer, invest, and spend any funds, 
            gifts, grant, devise, or bequest of real or personal 
            property made to the Foundation;
                (viii) enter into such contracts, leases, cooperative 
            agreements, and other transactions as the Board considers 
            appropriate to conduct the activities of the Foundation;
                (ix) modify or consent to the modification of any 
            contract or agreement to which the Foundation is a party or 
            in which the Foundation has an interest;
                (x) take such action as may be necessary to obtain and 
            maintain patents for and to license inventions (as defined 
            in section 201 of title 35, United States Code) developed 
            by the Foundation, employees of the Foundation, or derived 
            from the collaborative efforts of the Foundation;
                (xi) sue and be sued in the corporate name of the 
            Foundation, and complain and defend in courts of competent 
            jurisdiction;
                (xii) appoint other groups of advisors as may be 
            determined necessary to carry out the functions of the 
            Foundation; and
                (xiii) exercise such other incidental powers as are 
            necessary to carry out the duties and functions of the 
            Foundation in accordance with this section.
            (B) Limitation.--No appointed member of the Board or 
        officer or employee of the Foundation or of any program 
        established by the Foundation (other than ex-officio members of 
        the Board) shall exercise administrative control over any 
        Federal employee.
        (3) Records.--
            (A) Audits.--The Foundation shall--
                (i) provide for annual audits of the financial 
            condition of the Foundation; and
                (ii) make the audits, and all other records, documents, 
            and other papers of the Foundation, available to the 
            Secretary and the Comptroller General of the United States 
            for examination or audit.
            (B) Reports.--
                (i) Annual report on foundation.--

                    (I) In general.--Not later than 5 months following 
                the end of each fiscal year, the Foundation shall 
                publish a report for the preceding fiscal year that 
                includes--

                        (aa) a description of Foundation activities, 
                    including accomplishments; and
                        (bb) a comprehensive statement of the 
                    operations and financial condition of the 
                    Foundation.

                    (II) Financial condition.--Each report under 
                subclause (I) shall include a description of all gifts, 
                grants, devises, or bequests to the Foundation of real 
                or personal property or money, which shall include--

                        (aa) the source of the gifts, grants, devises, 
                    or bequests; and
                        (bb) any restrictions on the purposes for which 
                    the gift, grant, devise, or bequest may be used.

                    (III) Availability.--The Foundation shall--

                        (aa) make copies of each report submitted under 
                    subclause (I) available for public inspection; and
                        (bb) on request, provide a copy of the report 
                    to any individual.

                    (IV) Public meeting.--The Board shall hold an 
                annual public meeting to summarize the activities of 
                the Foundation.

                (ii) Grant reporting.--Any recipient of a grant under 
            subsection (d)(1)(A) shall provide the Foundation with a 
            report at the conclusion of any research or studies 
            conducted that describes the results of the research or 
            studies, including any data generated.
        (4) Integrity.--
            (A) In general.--To ensure integrity in the operations of 
        the Foundation, the Board shall develop and enforce procedures 
        relating to standards of conduct, financial disclosure 
        statements, conflicts of interest (including recusal and waiver 
        rules), audits, and any other matters determined appropriate by 
        the Board.
            (B) Financial conflicts of interest.--Any individual who is 
        an officer, employee, or member of the Board is prohibited from 
        any participation in deliberations by the Foundation of a 
        matter that would directly or predictably affect any financial 
        interest of--
                (i) the individual;
                (ii) a relative (as defined in section 109 of the 
            Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.)) of that 
            individual; or
                (iii) a business organization or other entity in which 
            the individual has an interest, including an organization 
            or other entity with which the individual is negotiating 
            employment.
        (5) Intellectual property.--The Board shall adopt written 
    standards to govern the ownership and licensing of any intellectual 
    property rights derived from the collaborative efforts of the 
    Foundation.
        (6) Liability.--The United States shall not be liable for any 
    debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of the Foundation nor shall the 
    full faith and credit of the United States extend to any 
    obligations of the Foundation.
    (g) Funds.--
        (1) Mandatory funding.--
            (A) In general.--On the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary 
        shall transfer to the Foundation to carry out this section 
        $200,000,000, to remain available until expended under the 
        conditions described in subparagraph (B).
            (B) Conditions on expenditure.--The Foundation may use the 
        funds made available under subparagraph (A) to carry out the 
        purposes of the Foundation only to the extent that the 
        Foundation secures an equal amount of non-Federal matching 
        funds for each expenditure.
            (C) Prohibition on construction.--None of the funds made 
        available under subparagraph (A) may be used for construction.
        (2) Separation of funds.--The Executive Director shall ensure 
    that any funds received under paragraph (1) are held in separate 
    accounts from funds received from nongovernmental entities as 
    described in subsection (f)(2)(A)(iii).
SEC. 7602. CONCESSIONS AND AGREEMENTS WITH NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS FOR 
NATIONAL ARBORETUM.
    Section 6 of the Act of March 4, 1927 (20 U.S.C. 196), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following new paragraph:
        ``(1) negotiate concessions and agreements for the National 
    Arboretum with nonprofit scientific or educational organizations, 
    the interests of which are complementary to the mission of the 
    National Arboretum, or nonprofit organizations that support the 
    purpose of the National Arboretum, except that the net proceeds of 
    the organizations from the concessions or agreements, as 
    applicable, shall be used exclusively for--
            ``(A) the research and educational work for the benefit of 
        the National Arboretum; and
            ``(B) the operation and maintenance of the facilities of 
        the National Arboretum, including enhancements, upgrades, 
        restoration, and conservation;''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Recognition of Donors.--A nonprofit organization that entered 
into a concession or agreement under subsection (a)(1) may recognize 
donors if that recognition is approved in advance by the Secretary of 
Agriculture. In considering whether to approve such recognition, the 
Secretary shall broadly exercise the discretion of the Secretary to the 
fullest extent allowed under Federal law.''.
SEC. 7603. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD LAW RESEARCH, LEGAL TOOLS, AND 
INFORMATION.
    (a) Partnerships.--The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
National Agricultural Library, shall support the dissemination of 
objective, scholarly, and authoritative agricultural and food law 
research, legal tools, and information by entering into cooperative 
agreements with institutions of higher education (as defined in section 
101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that on the 
date of enactment of this Act are carrying out objective programs for 
research, legal tools, and information in agricultural and food law.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 
and each fiscal year thereafter.
SEC. 7604. COTTON DISEASE RESEARCH REPORT.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the fungus 
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 (referred to in this 
section as ``FOV Race 4'') and the impact of such fungus on cotton, 
including--
        (1) an overview of the threat FOV Race 4 poses to the cotton 
    industry in the United States;
        (2) the status and progress of Federal research initiatives to 
    detect, contain, or eradicate FOV Race 4, including current FOV 
    Race 4-specific research projects; and
        (3) a comprehensive strategy to combat FOV Race 4 that 
    establishes--
            (A) detection and identification goals;
            (B) containment goals;
            (C) eradication goals; and
            (D) a plan to partner with the cotton industry in the 
        United States to maximize resources, information sharing, and 
        research responsiveness and effectiveness.
SEC. 7605. MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
    Sections 7408 and 7409 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2013) are both amended by striking 
``Title III of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994'' and inserting ``Title III of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform 
and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994''.
SEC. 7606. LEGITIMACY OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP RESEARCH.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the Controlled Substances Act (21 
U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act 
(20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), chapter 81 of title 41, United States Code, 
or any other Federal law, an institution of higher education (as 
defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
1001)) or a State department of agriculture may grow or cultivate 
industrial hemp if--
        (1) the industrial hemp is grown or cultivated for purposes of 
    research conducted under an agricultural pilot program or other 
    agricultural or academic research; and
        (2) the growing or cultivating of industrial hemp is allowed 
    under the laws of the State in which such institution of higher 
    education or State department of agriculture is located and such 
    research occurs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Agricultural pilot program.--The term ``agricultural pilot 
    program'' means a pilot program to study the growth, cultivation, 
    or marketing of industrial hemp--
            (A) in States that permit the growth or cultivation of 
        industrial hemp under the laws of the State; and
            (B) in a manner that--
                (i) ensures that only institutions of higher education 
            and State departments of agriculture are used to grow or 
            cultivate industrial hemp;
                (ii) requires that sites used for growing or 
            cultivating industrial hemp in a State be certified by, and 
            registered with, the State department of agriculture; and
                (iii) authorizes State departments of agriculture to 
            promulgate regulations to carry out the pilot program in 
            the States in accordance with the purposes of this section.
        (2) Industrial hemp.--The term ``industrial hemp'' means the 
    plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether 
    growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration 
    of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.
        (3) State department of agriculture.--The term ``State 
    department of agriculture'' means the agency, commission, or 
    department of a State government responsible for agriculture within 
    the State.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY
            Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

SEC. 8001. FOREST LAND ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 4 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 
of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 8002 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 16 U.S.C. 2103 note) 
is amended by striking subsection (a).
SEC. 8002. WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 6 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2103b) is repealed.
SEC. 8003. EXPIRED COOPERATIVE NATIONAL FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETING 
PROGRAM.
    Section 18 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2112) is repealed.
SEC. 8004. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION AGRICULTURAL LAND NATIONAL 
RESOURCES LEADERSHIP PROGRAM.
    Section 8402 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (16 
U.S.C. 1649a) is repealed.
SEC. 8005. TRIBAL WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 303 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
U.S.C. 6542) is repealed.
SEC. 8006. SEPARATE FOREST SERVICE DECISIONMAKING AND APPEALS PROCESS.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 322 of the Department of the Interior and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1612 note; Public 
Law 102-381) is repealed.
    (b) Forest Service Pre-Decisional Objection Process.--Section 428 
of division E of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (16 U.S.C. 
6515 note; Public Law 112-74) shall not apply to any project or 
activity implementing a land and resource management plan developed 
under section 6 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources 
Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1604) that is categorically excluded 
from documentation in an environmental assessment or an environmental 
impact statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                             1978 Programs

SEC. 8101. STATE-WIDE ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGIES FOR FOREST RESOURCES.
    Section 2A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2101a) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(5) as feasible, appropriate military installations where the 
    voluntary participation and management of private or State-owned or 
    other public forestland is able to support, promote, and contribute 
    to the missions of such installations; and''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-Related Laws

SEC. 8201. RURAL REVITALIZATION TECHNOLOGIES.
    Section 2371(d)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6601(d)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' 
and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 8202. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY.
    Section 2405(d) of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 
(7 U.S.C. 6704(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 8203. HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Definition of Acreage Owned by Indian Tribes.--Section 
502(e)(3) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 6572(e)(3)) 
is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``subparagraphs (A) and 
    (B)'' and inserting ``clauses (i) and (ii)'';
        (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) as clauses 
    (i) through (iii), respectively, and indenting appropriately; and
        (3) by striking ``In the case of'' and inserting the following:
            ``(A) Definition of acreage owned by indian tribes.--In 
        this paragraph, the term `acreage owned by Indian tribes' 
        includes--
                ``(i) land that is held in trust by the United States 
            for Indian tribes or individual Indians;
                ``(ii) land, the title to which is held by Indian 
            tribes or individual Indians subject to Federal 
            restrictions against alienation or encumbrance;
                ``(iii) land that is subject to rights of use, 
            occupancy, and benefit of certain Indian tribes;
                ``(iv) land that is held in fee title by an Indian 
            tribe; or
                ``(v) land that is owned by a native corporation formed 
            under section 17 of the Act of June 18, 1934 (commonly 
            known as the `Indian Reorganization Act') (25 U.S.C. 477) 
            or section 8 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 
            U.S.C. 1607); or
                ``(vi) a combination of 1 or more types of land 
            described in clauses (i) through (v).
            ``(B) Enrollment of acreage.--In the case of''.
    (b) Change in Funding Source for Healthy Forests Reserve Program.--
Section 508 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
6578) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``In General'' and inserting 
    ``Fiscal Years 2009 Through 2013'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
    ``(b) Fiscal Years 2014 Through 2018.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out this section 
$12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
    ``(c) Additional Source of Funds.--In addition to funds 
appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
subsection (b) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use such amount of 
the funds appropriated for that fiscal year to carry out the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590a et seq.) as the 
Secretary determines necessary to cover the cost of technical 
assistance, management, and enforcement responsibilities for land 
enrolled in the healthy forests reserve program pursuant to subsections 
(a) and (b) of section 504.''.
SEC. 8204. INSECT AND DISEASE INFESTATION.
    Title VI of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
6591 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 602. DESIGNATION OF TREATMENT AREAS.
    ``(a) Definition of Declining Forest Health.--In this section, the 
term `declining forest health' means a forest that is experiencing--
        ``(1) substantially increased tree mortality due to insect or 
    disease infestation; or
        ``(2) dieback due to infestation or defoliation by insects or 
    disease.
    ``(b) Designation of Treatment Areas.--
        ``(1) Initial areas.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
    enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary shall, if 
    requested by the Governor of the State, designate as part of an 
    insect and disease treatment program 1 or more landscape-scale 
    areas, such as subwatersheds (sixth-level hydrologic units, 
    according to the System of Hydrologic Unit Codes of the United 
    States Geological Survey), in at least 1 national forest in each 
    State that is experiencing an insect or disease epidemic.
        ``(2) Additional areas.--After the end of the 60-day period 
    described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may designate additional 
    landscape-scale areas under this section as needed to address 
    insect or disease threats.
    ``(c) Requirements.--To be designated a landscape-scale area under 
subsection (b), the area shall be--
        ``(1) experiencing declining forest health, based on annual 
    forest health surveys conducted by the Secretary;
        ``(2) at risk of experiencing substantially increased tree 
    mortality over the next 15 years due to insect or disease 
    infestation, based on the most recent National Insect and Disease 
    Risk Map published by the Forest Service; or
        ``(3) in an area in which the risk of hazard trees poses an 
    imminent risk to public infrastructure, health, or safety.
    ``(d) Treatment of Areas.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may carry out priority 
    projects on Federal land in the areas designated under subsection 
    (b) to reduce the risk or extent of, or increase the resilience to, 
    insect or disease infestation in the areas.
        ``(2) Authority.--Any project under paragraph (1) for which a 
    public notice to initiate scoping is issued on or before September 
    30, 2018, may be carried out in accordance with subsections (b), 
    (c), and (d) of section 102, and sections 104, 105, and 106.
        ``(3) Effect.--Projects carried out under this subsection shall 
    be considered authorized hazardous fuel reduction projects for 
    purposes of the authorities described in paragraph (2).
        ``(4) Report.--
            ``(A) In general.--In accordance with the schedule 
        described in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall issue 2 
        reports on actions taken to carry out this subsection, 
        including--
                ``(i) an evaluation of the progress towards project 
            goals; and
                ``(ii) recommendations for modifications to the 
            projects and management treatments.
            ``(B) Schedule.--The Secretary shall--
                ``(i) not earlier than September 30, 2018, issue the 
            initial report under subparagraph (A); and
                ``(ii) not earlier than September 30, 2024, issue the 
            second report under that subparagraph.
    ``(e) Tree Retention.--The Secretary shall carry out projects under 
subsection (d) in a manner that maximizes the retention of old-growth 
and large trees, as appropriate for the forest type, to the extent that 
the trees promote stands that are resilient to insects and disease.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $200,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2024.
    ``SEC. 603. ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW.
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), a project 
described in subsection (b) that is conducted in accordance with 
section 602(d) may be--
        ``(1) considered an action categorically excluded from the 
    requirements of Public Law 91-190 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); and
        ``(2) exempt from the special administrative review process 
    under section 105.
    ``(b) Collaborative Restoration Project.--
        ``(1) In general.--A project referred to in subsection (a) is a 
    project to carry out forest restoration treatments that--
            ``(A) maximizes the retention of old-growth and large 
        trees, as appropriate for the forest type, to the extent that 
        the trees promote stands that are resilient to insects and 
        disease;
            ``(B) considers the best available scientific information 
        to maintain or restore the ecological integrity, including 
        maintaining or restoring structure, function, composition, and 
        connectivity; and
            ``(C) is developed and implemented through a collaborative 
        process that--
                ``(i) includes multiple interested persons representing 
            diverse interests; and
                ``(ii)(I) is transparent and nonexclusive; or
                ``(II) meets the requirements for a resource advisory 
            committee under subsections (c) through (f) of section 205 
            of the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-
            Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 7125).
        ``(2) Inclusion.--A project under this subsection may carry out 
    part of a proposal that complies with the eligibility requirements 
    of the Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program under 
    section 4003(b) of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 
    (16 U.S.C. 7303(b)).
    ``(c) Limitations.--
        ``(1) Project size.--A project under this section may not 
    exceed 3000 acres.
        ``(2) Location.--A project under this section shall be limited 
    to areas--
            ``(A) in the wildland-urban interface; or
            ``(B) Condition Classes 2 or 3 in Fire Regime Groups I, II, 
        or III, outside the wildland-urban interface.
        ``(3) Roads.--
            ``(A) Permanent roads.--
                ``(i) Prohibition on establishment.--A project under 
            this section shall not include the establishment of 
            permanent roads.
                ``(ii) Existing roads.--The Secretary may carry out 
            necessary maintenance and repairs on existing permanent 
            roads for the purposes of this section.
            ``(B) Temporary roads.--The Secretary shall decommission 
        any temporary road constructed under a project under this 
        section not later than 3 years after the date on which the 
        project is completed.
    ``(d) Exclusions.--This section does not apply to--
        ``(1) a component of the National Wilderness Preservation 
    System;
        ``(2) any Federal land on which, by Act of Congress or 
    Presidential proclamation, the removal of vegetation is restricted 
    or prohibited;
        ``(3) a congressionally designated wilderness study area; or
        ``(4) an area in which activities under subsection (a) would be 
    inconsistent with the applicable land and resource management plan.
    ``(e) Forest Management Plans.--All projects and activities carried 
out under this section shall be consistent with the land and resource 
management plan established under section 6 of the Forest and Rangeland 
Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1604) for the unit 
of the National Forest System containing the projects and activities.
    ``(f) Public Notice and Scoping.--The Secretary shall conduct 
public notice and scoping for any project or action proposed in 
accordance with this section.
    ``(g) Accountability.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall prepare an annual report 
    on the use of categorical exclusions under this section that 
    includes a description of all acres (or other appropriate unit) 
    treated through projects carried out under this section.
        ``(2) Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this section, and each year thereafter, the Secretary 
    shall submit the reports required under paragraph (1) to--
            ``(A) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
        of the Senate;
            ``(B) the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the 
        Senate;
            ``(C) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives;
            ``(D) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            ``(E) the Government Accountability Office.''.
SEC. 8205. STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING PROJECTS.
    (a) In General.--Title VI of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 
2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591) (as amended by section 8204) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 604. STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING PROJECTS.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Chief.--The term `Chief' means the Chief of the Forest 
    Service.
        ``(2) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of the 
    Bureau of Land Management.
    ``(b) Projects.--The Chief and the Director, via agreement or 
contract as appropriate, may enter into stewardship contracting 
projects with private persons or other public or private entities to 
perform services to achieve land management goals for the national 
forests and the public lands that meet local and rural community needs.
    ``(c) Land Management Goals.--The land management goals of a 
project under subsection (b) may include any of the following:
        ``(1) Road and trail maintenance or obliteration to restore or 
    maintain water quality.
        ``(2) Soil productivity, habitat for wildlife and fisheries, or 
    other resource values.
        ``(3) Setting of prescribed fires to improve the composition, 
    structure, condition, and health of stands or to improve wildlife 
    habitat.
        ``(4) Removing vegetation or other activities to promote 
    healthy forest stands, reduce fire hazards, or achieve other land 
    management objectives.
        ``(5) Watershed restoration and maintenance.
        ``(6) Restoration and maintenance of wildlife and fish.
        ``(7) Control of noxious and exotic weeds and reestablishing 
    native plant species.
    ``(d) Agreements or Contracts.--
        ``(1) Procurement procedure.--A source for performance of an 
    agreement or contract under subsection (b) shall be selected on a 
    best-value basis, including consideration of source under other 
    public and private agreements or contracts.
        ``(2) Contract for sale of property.--A contract entered into 
    under this section may, at the discretion of the Secretary of 
    Agriculture, be considered a contract for the sale of property 
    under such terms as the Secretary may prescribe without regard to 
    any other provision of law.
        ``(3) Term.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the Chief and the Director may enter into a contract under 
        subsection (b) in accordance with section 3903 of title 41, 
        United States Code.
            ``(B) Maximum.--The period of the contract under subsection 
        (b) may exceed 5 years but may not exceed 10 years.
        ``(4) Offsets.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Chief and the Director may apply the 
        value of timber or other forest products removed as an offset 
        against the cost of services received under the agreement or 
        contract described in subsection (b).
            ``(B) Methods of appraisal.--The value of timber or other 
        forest products used as an offset under subparagraph (A)--
                ``(i) shall be determined using appropriate methods of 
            appraisal commensurate with the quantity of products to be 
            removed; and
                ``(ii) may--

                    ``(I) be determined using a unit of measure 
                appropriate to the contracts; and
                    ``(II) may include valuing products on a per-acre 
                basis.

        ``(5) Relation to other laws.--Notwithstanding subsections (d) 
    and (g) of section 14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 
    (16 U.S.C. 472a), the Chief may enter into an agreement or contract 
    under subsection (b).
        ``(6) Contracting officer.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
    of law, the Secretary or the Secretary of the Interior may 
    determine the appropriate contracting officer to enter into and 
    administer an agreement or contract under subsection (b).
        ``(7) Fire liability provisions.--Not later than 90 days after 
    the date of enactment of this section, the Chief and the Director 
    shall issue for use in all contracts and agreements under this 
    section fire liability provisions that are in substantially the 
    same form as the fire liability provisions contained in--
            ``(A) integrated resource timber contracts, as described in 
        the Forest Service contract numbered 2400-13, part H, section 
        H.4; and
            ``(B) timber sale contracts conducted pursuant to section 
        14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 
        472a).
    ``(e) Receipts.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director may collect 
    monies from an agreement or contract under subsection (b) if the 
    collection is a secondary objective of negotiating the contract 
    that will best achieve the purposes of this section.
        ``(2) Use.--Monies from an agreement or contract under 
    subsection (b)--
            ``(A) may be retained by the Chief and the Director; and
            ``(B) shall be available for expenditure without further 
        appropriation at the project site from which the monies are 
        collected or at another project site.
        ``(3) Relation to other laws.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the value of services received by the Chief or the 
        Director under a stewardship contract project conducted under 
        this section, and any payments made or resources provided by 
        the contractor, Chief, or Director shall not be considered 
        monies received from the National Forest System or the public 
        lands.
            ``(B) Knutson-vanderberg act.--The Act of June 9, 1930 
        (commonly known as the `Knutson-Vanderberg Act') (16 U.S.C. 576 
        et seq.) shall not apply to any agreement or contract under 
        subsection (b).
    ``(f) Costs of Removal.--Notwithstanding the fact that a contractor 
did not harvest the timber, the Chief may collect deposits from a 
contractor covering the costs of removal of timber or other forest 
products under--
        ``(1) the Act of August 11, 1916 (16 U.S.C. 490); and
        ``(2) the Act of June 30, 1914 (16 U.S.C. 498).
    ``(g) Performance and Payment Guarantees.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director may require 
    performance and payment bonds under sections 28.103-2 and 28.103-3 
    of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, in an amount that the 
    contracting officer considers sufficient to protect the investment 
    in receipts by the Federal Government generated by the contractor 
    from the estimated value of the forest products to be removed under 
    a contract under subsection (b).
        ``(2) Excess offset value.--If the offset value of the forest 
    products exceeds the value of the resource improvement treatments, 
    the Chief and the Director may--
            ``(A) collect any residual receipts under the Act of June 
        9, 1930 (commonly known as the `Knutson-Vanderberg Act') (16 
        U.S.C. 576 et seq.); and
            ``(B) apply the excess to other authorized stewardship 
        projects.
    ``(h) Monitoring and Evaluation.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director shall establish a 
    multiparty monitoring and evaluation process that accesses the 
    stewardship contracting projects conducted under this section.
        ``(2) Participants.--Other than the Chief and Director, 
    participants in the process described in paragraph (1) may 
    include--
            ``(A) any cooperating governmental agencies, including 
        tribal governments; and
            ``(B) any other interested groups or individuals.
    ``(i) Reporting.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this section, and annually thereafter, the Chief and the Director 
shall report to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
of the Senate and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives on--
        ``(1) the status of development, execution, and administration 
    of agreements or contracts under subsection (b);
        ``(2) the specific accomplishments that have resulted; and
        ``(3) the role of local communities in the development of 
    agreements or contract plans.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 347 of the Department of the 
Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (16 U.S.C. 2104 
note; Public Law 105-277) is repealed.
SEC. 8206. GOOD NEIGHBOR AUTHORITY.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Authorized restoration services.--The term ``authorized 
    restoration services'' means similar and complementary forest, 
    rangeland, and watershed restoration services carried out--
            (A) on Federal land and non-Federal land; and
            (B) by either the Secretary or a Governor pursuant to a 
        good neighbor agreement.
        (2) Federal land.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``Federal land'' means land that 
        is--
                (i) National Forest System land; or
                (ii) public land (as defined in section 103 of the 
            Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
            1702)).
            (B) Exclusions.--The term ``Federal land'' does not 
        include--
                (i) a component of the National Wilderness Preservation 
            System;
                (ii) Federal land on which the removal of vegetation is 
            prohibited or restricted by Act of Congress or Presidential 
            proclamation (including the applicable implementation 
            plan); or
                (iii) a wilderness study area.
        (3) Forest, rangeland, and watershed restoration services.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``forest, rangeland, and 
        watershed restoration services'' means--
                (i) activities to treat insect- and disease-infected 
            trees;
                (ii) activities to reduce hazardous fuels; and
                (iii) any other activities to restore or improve 
            forest, rangeland, and watershed health, including fish and 
            wildlife habitat.
            (B) Exclusions.--The term ``forest, rangeland, and 
        watershed restoration services'' does not include--
                (i) construction, reconstruction, repair, or 
            restoration of paved or permanent roads or parking areas; 
            or
                (ii) construction, alteration, repair or replacement of 
            public buildings or works.
        (4) Good neighbor agreement.--The term ``good neighbor 
    agreement'' means a cooperative agreement or contract (including a 
    sole source contract) entered into between the Secretary and a 
    Governor to carry out authorized restoration services under this 
    section.
        (5) Governor.--The term ``Governor'' means the Governor or any 
    other appropriate executive official of an affected State or the 
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
        (6) Road.--The term ``road'' has the meaning given the term in 
    section 212.1 of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
    effect on the date of enactment of this Act).
        (7) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means--
            (A) the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect to National 
        Forest System land; and
            (B) the Secretary of the Interior, with respect to Bureau 
        of Land Management land.
    (b) Good Neighbor Agreements.--
        (1) Good neighbor agreements.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary may enter into a good 
        neighbor agreement with a Governor to carry out authorized 
        restoration services in accordance with this section.
            (B) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make each 
        good neighbor agreement available to the public.
        (2) Timber sales.--
            (A) In general.--Subsections (d) and (g) of section 14 of 
        the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a(d) 
        and (g)) shall not apply to services performed under a 
        cooperative agreement or contract entered into under subsection 
        (a).
            (B) Approval of silviculture prescriptions and marking 
        guides.--The Secretary shall provide or approve all 
        silviculture prescriptions and marking guides to be applied on 
        Federal land in all timber sale projects conducted under this 
        section.
        (3) Retention of nepa responsibilities.--Any decision required 
    to be made under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
    U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) with respect to any authorized restoration 
    services to be provided under this section on Federal land shall 
    not be delegated to a Governor.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 8301. REVISION OF STRATEGIC PLAN FOR FOREST INVENTORY AND 
ANALYSIS.
    (a) Revision Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the strategic plan 
for forest inventory and analysis initially prepared pursuant to 
section 3(e) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642(e)) to address the requirements imposed by 
subsection (b).
    (b) Elements of Revised Strategic Plan.--In revising the strategic 
plan, the Secretary shall describe in detail the organization, 
procedures, and funding needed to achieve each of the following:
        (1) Complete the transition to a fully annualized forest 
    inventory program and include inventory and analysis of interior 
    Alaska.
        (2) Implement an annualized inventory of trees in urban 
    settings, including the status and trends of trees and forests, and 
    assessments of their ecosystem services, values, health, and risk 
    to pests and diseases.
        (3) Report information on renewable biomass supplies and carbon 
    stocks at the local, State, regional, and national level, including 
    by ownership type.
        (4) Engage State foresters and other users of information from 
    the forest inventory and analysis in reevaluating the list of core 
    data variables collected on forest inventory and analysis plots 
    with an emphasis on demonstrated need.
        (5) Improve the timeliness of the timber product output program 
    and accessibility of the annualized information on that database.
        (6) Foster greater cooperation among the forest inventory and 
    analysis program, research station leaders, and State foresters and 
    other users of information from the forest inventory and analysis.
        (7) Promote availability of and access to non-Federal resources 
    to improve information analysis and information management.
        (8) Collaborate with the Natural Resources Conservation 
    Service, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National 
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and United States 
    Geological Survey to integrate remote sensing, spatial analysis 
    techniques, and other new technologies in the forest inventory and 
    analysis program.
        (9) Understand and report on changes in land cover and use.
        (10) Expand existing programs to promote sustainable forest 
    stewardship through increased understanding, in partnership with 
    other Federal agencies, of the over 10,000,000 family forest 
    owners, their demographics, and the barriers to forest stewardship.
        (11) Implement procedures to improve the statistical precision 
    of estimates at the sub-State level.
    (c) Submission of Revised Strategic Plan.--The Secretary shall 
submit the revised strategic plan to the Committee on Agriculture of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
SEC. 8302. FOREST SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN ACES PROGRAM.
    The Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, may 
use funds derived from conservation-related programs executed on 
National Forest System land to utilize the Agriculture Conservation 
Experienced Services Program established pursuant to section 1252 of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3851) to provide technical 
services for conservation-related programs and authorities carried out 
by the Secretary on National Forest System land.
SEC. 8303. EXTENSION OF STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS AUTHORITY REGARDING USE 
OF DESIGNATION BY PRESCRIPTION TO ALL THINNING SALES UNDER NATIONAL 
FOREST MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1976.
    Section 14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 
472a) is amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(g) Designation and Supervision of Harvesting.--
        ``(1) In general.--Designation, including marking when 
    necessary, designation by description, or designation by 
    prescription, and supervision of harvesting of trees, portions of 
    trees, or forest products shall be conducted by persons employed by 
    the Secretary of Agriculture.
        ``(2) Requirement.--Persons employed by the Secretary of 
    Agriculture under paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) shall have no personal interest in the purchase or 
        harvest of the products; and
            ``(B) shall not be directly or indirectly in the employment 
        of the purchaser of the products.
        ``(3) Methods for designation.--Designation by prescription and 
    designation by description shall be considered valid methods for 
    designation, and may be supervised by use of post-harvest cruise, 
    sample weight scaling, or other methods determined by the Secretary 
    of Agriculture to be appropriate.''.
SEC. 8304. REIMBURSEMENT OF FIRE FUNDS.
    (a) Definition of State.--In this section, the term ``State'' 
means--
        (1) a State; and
        (2) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
    (b) In General.--If a State seeks reimbursement for amounts 
expended for resources and services provided to another State for the 
management and suppression of a wildfire, the Secretary, subject to 
subsections (c) and (d)--
        (1) may accept the reimbursement amounts from the other State; 
    and
        (2) shall pay those amounts to the State seeking reimbursement.
    (c) Mutual Assistance Agreement.--As a condition of seeking and 
providing reimbursement under subsection (b), the State seeking 
reimbursement and the State providing reimbursement must each have a 
mutual assistance agreement with the Forest Service or another Federal 
agency for providing and receiving wildfire management and suppression 
resources and services.
    (d) Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may prescribe the terms 
and conditions determined to be necessary to carry out subsection (b).
    (e) Effect on Prior Reimbursements.--Any acceptance of funds or 
reimbursements made by the Secretary before the date of enactment of 
this Act that otherwise would have been authorized under this section 
shall be considered to have been made in accordance with this section.
    (f) Amendment.--Section 5(b) of the Act of May 27, 1955 (42 U.S.C. 
1856d(b)) is amended in the first sentence by inserting ``or Department 
of Agriculture'' after ``Department of Defense''.
SEC. 8305. FOREST SERVICE LARGE AIRTANKER AND AERIAL ASSET FIREFIGHTING 
RECAPITALIZATION PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, may 
establish a large airtanker and aerial asset lease program in 
accordance with this section.
    (b) Aircraft Requirements.--In carrying out the program described 
in subsection (a), the Secretary may enter into a multiyear lease 
contract for up to 5 aircraft that meet the criteria--
        (1) described in the Forest Service document entitled ``Large 
    Airtanker Modernization Strategy'' and dated February 10, 2012, for 
    large airtankers; and
        (2) determined by the Secretary, for other aerial assets.
    (c) Lease Terms.--The term of any individual lease agreement into 
which the Secretary enters under this section shall be--
        (1) up to 5 years, inclusive of any options to renew or extend 
    the initial lease term; and
        (2) in accordance with section 3903 of title 41, United States 
    Code.
    (d) Prohibition.--No lease entered into under this section shall 
provide for the purchase of the aircraft by, or the transfer of 
ownership to, the Forest Service.
SEC. 8306. LAND CONVEYANCE, JEFFERSON NATIONAL FOREST IN WISE COUNTY, 
VIRGINIA.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Association.--The term ``Association'' means the Mullins 
    and Sturgill Cemetery Association of Pound, Virginia.
        (2) Map.--The term ``map'' means the map titled ``Mullins and 
    Sturgill Cemetery'' dated March 1, 2013.
    (b) Conveyance Required.--Upon payment by the Association of the 
consideration under subsection (c) and the costs under subsection (e), 
the Secretary shall, subject to valid existing rights, convey to the 
Association all right, title, and interest of the United States in and 
to a parcel of National Forest System land in the Jefferson National 
Forest in Wise County, Virginia, consisting of approximately 0.70 acres 
and containing the Mullins and Sturgill Cemetery and an easement to 
provide access to the parcel, as generally depicted on the map.
    (c) Consideration.--
        (1) Fair market value.--As consideration for the land conveyed 
    under subsection (b), the Association shall pay to the Secretary 
    cash in an amount equal to the market value of the land, as 
    determined by an appraisal approved by the Secretary and conducted 
    in conformity with the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land 
    Acquisitions and section 206 of the Federal Land Policy and 
    Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1716).
        (2) Deposit.--The consideration received by the Secretary under 
    paragraph (1) shall be deposited into the general fund of the 
    Treasury of the United States for the purposes of deficit 
    reduction.
    (d) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the land to be conveyed under subsection (b) shall be 
determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary.
    (e) Costs.--The Association shall pay to the Secretary at closing 
the reasonable costs of the survey, the appraisal, and any 
administrative and environmental analyses required by law.
    (f) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require 
such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance 
under subsection (b) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect 
the interests of the United States.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

SEC. 9001. DEFINITIONS.
    Section 9001 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8101) is amended by--
        (1) redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), and 
    (14) as paragraphs (10), (11), (12), (13), (15), and (17);
        (2) inserting after paragraph (8), the following new paragraph:
        ``(9) Forest product.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `forest product' means a 
        product made from materials derived from the practice of 
        forestry or the management of growing timber.
            ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `forest product' includes--
                ``(i) pulp, paper, paperboard, pellets, lumber, and 
            other wood products; and
                ``(ii) any recycled products derived from forest 
            materials.'';
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (13) (as redesignated by 
    paragraph (1) of this section) the following:
        ``(14) Renewable chemical.--The term `renewable chemical' means 
    a monomer, polymer, plastic, formulated product, or chemical 
    substance produced from renewable biomass.''; and
        (4) inserting after paragraph (15) (as so redesignated), the 
    following new paragraph:
        ``(16) Renewable energy system.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the term 
        `renewable energy system' means a system that--
                ``(i) produces usable energy from a renewable energy 
            source; and
                ``(ii) may include distribution components necessary to 
            move energy produced by such system to the initial point of 
            sale.
            ``(B) Limitation.--A system described in subparagraph (A) 
        may not include a mechanism for dispensing energy at retail.''.
SEC. 9002. BIOBASED MARKETS PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 9002 of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)(A)(i)--
                (i) in subclause (I), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subclause (II)(bb), by striking the period at 
            the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:

                    ``(III) establish a targeted biobased-only 
                procurement requirement under which the procuring 
                agency shall issue a certain number of biobased-only 
                contracts when the procuring agency is purchasing 
                products, or purchasing services that include the use 
                of products, that are included in a biobased product 
                category designated by the Secretary.''; and

            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) in clause (v), by inserting ``as determined to 
                be necessary by the Secretary based on the availability 
                of data,'' before ``provide information'';
                    (II) by redesignating clauses (v) and (vi) as 
                clauses (vii) and (viii), respectively; and
                    (III) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:

                ``(v) require reporting of quantities and types of 
            biobased products purchased by procuring agencies;
                ``(vi) promote biobased products, including forest 
            products, that apply an innovative approach to growing, 
            harvesting, sourcing, procuring, processing, manufacturing, 
            or application of biobased products regardless of the date 
            of entry into the marketplace;''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) Required designations.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of enactment of this subparagraph, the Secretary shall 
        begin to designate intermediate ingredients or feedstocks and 
        assembled and finished biobased products in the guidelines 
        issued under this paragraph.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Auditing and compliance.--The Secretary may carry out 
        such auditing and compliance activities as the Secretary 
        determines to be necessary to ensure compliance with 
        subparagraph (A).''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Assembled and finished products.--Not later than 1 year 
    after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
    begin issuing criteria for determining which assembled and finished 
    products may qualify to receive the label under paragraph (1).'';
        (3) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
            striking ``The report'' and inserting ``Each report under 
            paragraph (1)'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking the period 
            at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(C) the progress made by other Federal agencies in 
        compliance with the biobased procurement requirements, 
        including the quantity of purchases made.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Economic impact study and report.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to 
        assess the economic impact of the biobased products industry, 
        including--
                ``(i) the quantity of biobased products sold;
                ``(ii) the value of the biobased products;
                ``(iii) the quantity of jobs created;
                ``(iv) the quantity of petroleum displaced;
                ``(v) other environmental benefits; and
                ``(vi) areas in which the use or manufacturing of 
            biobased products could be more effectively used, including 
            identifying any technical and economic obstacles and 
            recommending how those obstacles can be overcome.
            ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this subparagraph, the Secretary shall submit to 
        Congress a report describing the results of the study conducted 
        under subparagraph (A).'';
        (4) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections (h) 
    and (i), respectively;
        (5) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(g) Forest Products Laboratory Coordination.--In determining 
whether products are eligible for the `USDA Certified Biobased Product' 
label, the Secretary (acting through the Forest Products Laboratory) 
shall provide appropriate technical and other assistance to the program 
and applicants for forest products.''; and
        (6) in subsection (i) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by 
    striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
    $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(2) Discretionary funding.--There is authorized to be 
    appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Biobased Product Inclusion.--In this section, the term 
`biobased product' (as defined in section 9001) includes, with respect 
to forestry materials, forest products that meet biobased content 
requirements, notwithstanding the market share the product holds, the 
age of the product, or whether the market for the product is new or 
emerging.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 944(c)(2)(A) of the Energy 
Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16253(c)(2)(A)) is amended by striking 
``section 9002(h)(1)'' and inserting ``section 9002(b)''.
SEC. 9003. BIOREFINERY ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Program Adjustments.--Section 9003 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``, renewable 
    chemical, and biobased product manufacturing'' after 
    ``biorefinery'';
        (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by inserting ``renewable chemicals, and biobased product 
    manufacturing'' after ``advanced biofuels,'';
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
        ``(1) Biobased product manufacturing.--The term `biobased 
    product manufacturing' means development, construction, and 
    retrofitting of technologically new commercial-scale processing and 
    manufacturing equipment and required facilities that will be used 
    to convert renewable chemicals and other biobased outputs of 
    biorefineries into end-user products on a commercial scale.'';
        (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``to eligible entities'' and 
    all that follows through ``guarantees for loans'' and inserting 
    ``to eligible entities guarantees for loans'';
        (5) by striking subsection (d);
        (6) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as 
    subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
        (7) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following 
        new subparagraph:
            ``(D) Project diversity.--In approving loan guarantee 
        applications, the Secretary shall ensure that, to the extent 
        practicable, there is diversity in the types of projects 
        approved for loan guarantees to ensure that as wide a range as 
        possible of technologies, products, and approaches are 
        assisted.''.
            (B) by striking ``subsection (c)(2)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``subsection (h)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (g)''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of section 9003 of the Farm Security 
and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) (as redesignated by 
paragraph (6)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), of the 
        funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall 
        use for the cost of loan guarantees under this section, to 
        remain available until expended--
                ``(i) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2014; and
                ``(ii) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2015 and 
            2016.
            ``(B) Biobased product manufacturing.--Of the total amount 
        of funds made available for fiscal years 2014 and 2015 under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use for the cost of loan 
        guarantees under this section not more than 15 percent of such 
        funds to promote biobased product manufacturing.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$150,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9004. REPOWERING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 9004(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8104(d)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$35,000,000 for fiscal year 
    2009'' and inserting ``$12,000,000 for fiscal year 2014''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$10,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9005. BIOENERGY PROGRAM FOR ADVANCED BIOFUELS.
    Section 9005(g) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8105(g)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9006. BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM.
    Section 9006(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8106(d)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
        2012'' and inserting ``Mandatory funding'' ; and
            (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Authorization of 
        appropriations'' and inserting ``Discretionary funding'' ; and
            (B) by striking ``fiscal year 2013'' and inserting ``each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9007. RURAL ENERGY FOR AMERICA PROGRAM.
    (a) Program Adjustments.--Section 9007 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
            ``(D) a council (as defined in section 1528 of the 
        Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 3451)); and''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3);
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3); and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Tiered application process.--
            ``(A) In general.--In providing loan guarantees and grants 
        under this subsection, the Secretary shall use a 3-tiered 
        application process that reflects the size of proposed projects 
        in accordance with this paragraph.
            ``(B) Tier 1.--The Secretary shall establish a separate 
        application process for projects for which the cost of the 
        activity funded under this subsection is not more than $80,000.
            ``(C) Tier 2.--The Secretary shall establish a separate 
        application process for projects for which the cost of the 
        activity funded under this subsection is greater than $80,000 
        but less than $200,000.
            ``(D) Tier 3.--The Secretary shall establish a separate 
        application process for projects for which the cost of the 
        activity funded under this subsection is equal to or greater 
        than $200,000.
            ``(E) Application process.--The Secretary shall establish 
        an application, evaluation, and oversight process that is the 
        most simplified for tier I projects and more comprehensive for 
        each subsequent tier.''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 9007(g) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107(g)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9008. BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
    Section 9008(h) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8108(h)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2017.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$35,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9009. FEEDSTOCK FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM FOR BIOENERGY PRODUCERS.
    Section 9010(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8110(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
SEC. 9010. BIOMASS CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 9011 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8111) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 9011. BIOMASS CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) BCAP.--The term `BCAP' means the Biomass Crop Assistance 
    Program established under this section.
        ``(2) BCAP project area.--The term `BCAP project area' means an 
    area that--
            ``(A) has specified boundaries that are submitted to the 
        Secretary by the project sponsor and subsequently approved by 
        the Secretary;
            ``(B) includes producers with contract acreage that will 
        supply a portion of the renewable biomass needed by a biomass 
        conversion facility; and
            ``(C) is physically located within an economically 
        practicable distance from the biomass conversion facility.
        ``(3) Contract acreage.--The term `contract acreage' means 
    eligible land that is covered by a BCAP contract entered into with 
    the Secretary.
        ``(4) Eligible crop.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible crop' means a crop of 
        renewable biomass.
            ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible crop' does not 
        include--
                ``(i) any crop that is eligible to receive payments 
            under title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 or an 
            amendment made by that title; or
                ``(ii) any plant that is invasive or noxious or species 
            or varieties of plants that credible risk assessment tools 
            or other credible sources determine are potentially 
            invasive, as determined by the Secretary in consultation 
            with other appropriate Federal or State departments and 
            agencies.
        ``(5) Eligible land.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' includes--
                ``(i) agricultural and nonindustrial private forest 
            lands (as defined in section 5(c) of the Cooperative 
            Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103a(c)); and
                ``(ii) land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
            program established under subchapter B of chapter I of 
            subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
            (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.), or the Agricultural Conservation 
            Easement Program established under subtitle H of title XII 
            of that Act, under a contract that will expire at the end 
            of the current fiscal year.
            ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible land' does not 
        include--
                ``(i) Federal- or State-owned land;
                ``(ii) land that is native sod, as of the date of 
            enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
            (7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.);
                ``(iii) land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
            program established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of 
            subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
            (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.), other than land described in 
            subparagraph (A)(ii); or
                ``(iv) land enrolled in the Agricultural Conservation 
            Easement Program established under subtitle H of title XII 
            of that Act, other than land described in subparagraph 
            (A)(ii).
        ``(6) Eligible material.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible material' means 
        renewable biomass harvested directly from the land, including 
        crop residue from any crop that is eligible to receive payments 
        under title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 or an amendment 
        made by that title.
            ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible material' shall only 
        include--
                ``(i) eligible material that is collected or harvested 
            by the eligible material owner--

                    ``(I) directly from--

                        ``(aa) National Forest System;
                        ``(bb) Bureau of Land Management land;
                        ``(cc) non-Federal land; or
                        ``(dd) land owned by an individual Indian or 
                    Indian tribe that is held in trust by the United 
                    States for the benefit of the individual Indian or 
                    Indian tribe or subject to a restriction against 
                    alienation imposed by the United States;

                    ``(II) in a manner that is consistent with--

                        ``(aa) a conservation plan;
                        ``(bb) a forest stewardship plan; or
                        ``(cc) a plan that the Secretary determines is 
                    equivalent to a plan described in item (aa) or (bb) 
                    and consistent with Executive Order 13112 (42 
                    U.S.C. 4321 note; relating to invasive species);
                ``(ii) if woody eligible material, woody eligible 
            material that is produced on land other than contract 
            acreage that--

                    ``(I) is a byproduct of a preventative treatment 
                that is removed to reduce hazardous fuel or to reduce 
                or contain disease or insect infestation; and
                    ``(II) if harvested from Federal land, is harvested 
                in accordance with section 102(e) of the Healthy 
                Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6512(e)); 
                and

                ``(iii) eligible material that is delivered to a 
            qualified biomass conversion facility to be used for heat, 
            power, biobased products, research, or advanced biofuels.
            ``(C) Exclusions.--The term `eligible material' does not 
        include--
                ``(i) material that is whole grain from any crop that 
            is eligible to receive payments under title I of the 
            Agricultural Act of 2014 or an amendment made by that 
            title, including--

                    ``(I) barley, corn, grain sorghum, oats, rice, or 
                wheat;
                    ``(II) honey;
                    ``(III) mohair;
                    ``(IV) oilseeds, including canola, crambe, 
                flaxseed, mustard seed, rapeseed, safflower seed, 
                soybeans, sesame seed, and sunflower seed;
                    ``(V) peanuts;
                    ``(VI) pulse;
                    ``(VII) chickpeas, lentils, and dry peas;
                    ``(VIII) dairy products;
                    ``(IX) sugar; and
                    ``(X) wool and cotton boll fiber;

                ``(ii) animal waste and byproducts, including fat, oil, 
            grease, and manure;
                ``(iii) food waste and yard waste;
                ``(iv) algae;
                ``(v) woody eligible material that--

                    ``(I) is removed outside contract acreage; and
                    ``(II) is not a byproduct of a preventative 
                treatment to reduce hazardous fuel or to reduce or 
                contain disease or insect infestation;

                ``(vi) any woody eligible material collected or 
            harvested outside contract acreage that would otherwise be 
            used for existing market products; or
                ``(vii) bagasse.
        ``(7) Producer.--The term `producer' means an owner or operator 
    of contract acreage that is physically located within a BCAP 
    project area.
        ``(8) Project sponsor.--The term `project sponsor' means--
            ``(A) a group of producers; or
            ``(B) a biomass conversion facility.
        ``(9) Socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher.--The term 
    `socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
    and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).
    ``(b) Establishment and Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish and 
administer a Biomass Crop Assistance Program to--
        ``(1) support the establishment and production of eligible 
    crops for conversion to bioenergy in selected BCAP project areas; 
    and
        ``(2) assist agricultural and forest land owners and operators 
    with the collection, harvest, storage, and transportation of 
    eligible material for use in a biomass conversion facility.
    ``(c) BCAP Project Area.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide financial 
    assistance to a producer of an eligible crop in a BCAP project 
    area.
        ``(2) Selection of project areas.--
            ``(A) In general.--To be considered for selection as a BCAP 
        project area, a project sponsor shall submit to the Secretary a 
        proposal that, at a minimum, includes--
                ``(i) a description of the eligible land and eligible 
            crops of each producer that will participate in the 
            proposed BCAP project area;
                ``(ii) a letter of commitment from a biomass conversion 
            facility that the facility will use the eligible crops 
            intended to be produced in the proposed BCAP project area;
                ``(iii) evidence that the biomass conversion facility 
            has sufficient equity available, as determined by the 
            Secretary, if the biomass conversion facility is not 
            operational at the time the proposal is submitted to the 
            Secretary; and
                ``(iv) any other information about the biomass 
            conversion facility or proposed biomass conversion facility 
            that the Secretary determines necessary for the Secretary 
            to be reasonably assured that the plant will be in 
            operation by the date on which the eligible crops are ready 
            for harvest.
            ``(B) BCAP project area selection criteria.--In selecting 
        BCAP project areas, the Secretary shall consider--
                ``(i) the volume of the eligible crops proposed to be 
            produced in the proposed BCAP project area and the 
            probability that those crops will be used for the purposes 
            of the BCAP;
                ``(ii) the volume of renewable biomass projected to be 
            available from sources other than the eligible crops grown 
            on contract acres;
                ``(iii) the anticipated economic impact in the proposed 
            BCAP project area;
                ``(iv) the opportunity for producers and local 
            investors to participate in the ownership of the biomass 
            conversion facility in the proposed BCAP project area;
                ``(v) the participation rate by--

                    ``(I) beginning farmers or ranchers (as defined in 
                accordance with section 343(a) of the Consolidated Farm 
                and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a))); or
                    ``(II) socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers;

                ``(vi) the impact on soil, water, and related 
            resources;
                ``(vii) the variety in biomass production approaches 
            within a project area, including (as appropriate)--

                    ``(I) agronomic conditions;
                    ``(II) harvest and postharvest practices; and
                    ``(III) monoculture and polyculture crop mixes;

                ``(viii) the range of eligible crops among project 
            areas;
                ``(ix) existing project areas that have received 
            funding under this section and the continuation of funding 
            of such project areas to advance the maturity of such 
            project areas; and
                ``(x) any additional information that the Secretary 
            determines to be necessary.
        ``(3) Contract.--
            ``(A) In general.--On approval of a BCAP project area by 
        the Secretary, each producer in the BCAP project area shall 
        enter into a contract directly with the Secretary.
            ``(B) Minimum terms.--At a minimum, a contract under this 
        subsection shall include terms that cover--
                ``(i) an agreement to make available to the Secretary, 
            or to an institution of higher education or other entity 
            designated by the Secretary, such information as the 
            Secretary considers to be appropriate to promote the 
            production of eligible crops and the development of biomass 
            conversion technology;
                ``(ii) compliance with the highly erodible land 
            conservation requirements of subtitle B of title XII of the 
            Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and the 
            wetland conservation requirements of subtitle C of title 
            XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.);
                ``(iii) the implementation of (as determined by the 
            Secretary)--

                    ``(I) a conservation plan;
                    ``(II) a forest stewardship plan; or
                    ``(III) a plan that is equivalent to a conservation 
                or forest stewardship plan; and

                ``(iv) any additional requirements that Secretary 
            determines to be necessary.
            ``(C) Duration.--A contract under this subsection shall 
        have a term of not more than--
                ``(i) 5 years for annual and perennial crops; or
                ``(ii) 15 years for woody biomass.
        ``(4) Relationship to other programs.--In carrying out this 
    subsection, the Secretary shall provide for the preservation of 
    cropland base and yield history applicable to the land enrolled in 
    a BCAP contract.
        ``(5) Payments.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall make establishment 
        and annual payments directly to producers to support the 
        establishment and production of eligible crops on contract 
        acreage.
            ``(B) Amount of establishment payments.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the amount 
            of an establishment payment under this subsection shall be 
            not more than 50 percent of the costs of establishing an 
            eligible perennial crop covered by the contract but not to 
            exceed $500 per acre, including--

                    ``(I) the cost of seeds and stock for perennials;
                    ``(II) the cost of planting the perennial crop, as 
                determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(III) in the case of nonindustrial private 
                forestland, the costs of site preparation and tree 
                planting.

                ``(ii) Socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers.--In 
            the case of socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers, the 
            costs of establishment may not exceed $750 per acre.
            ``(C) Amount of annual payments.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the amount 
            of an annual payment under this subsection shall be 
            determined by the Secretary.
                ``(ii) Reduction.--The Secretary shall reduce an annual 
            payment by an amount determined to be appropriate by the 
            Secretary, if--

                    ``(I) an eligible crop is used for purposes other 
                than the production of energy at the biomass conversion 
                facility;
                    ``(II) an eligible crop is delivered to the biomass 
                conversion facility;
                    ``(III) the producer receives a payment under 
                subsection (d);
                    ``(IV) the producer violates a term of the 
                contract; or
                    ``(V) the Secretary determines a reduction is 
                necessary to carry out this section.

            ``(D) Exclusion.--The Secretary shall not make any BCAP 
        payments on land for which payments are received under the 
        conservation reserve program established under subchapter B of 
        chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) or the agricultural 
        conservation easement program established under subtitle H of 
        title XII of that Act.
    ``(d) Assistance With Collection, Harvest, Storage, and 
Transportation.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make a payment for the 
    delivery of eligible material to a biomass conversion facility to--
            ``(A) a producer of an eligible crop that is produced on 
        BCAP contract acreage; or
            ``(B) a person with the right to collect or harvest 
        eligible material, regardless of whether the eligible material 
        is produced on contract acreage.
        ``(2) Payments.--
            ``(A) Costs covered.--A payment under this subsection shall 
        be in an amount described in subparagraph (B) for--
                ``(i) collection;
                ``(ii) harvest;
                ``(iii) storage; and
                ``(iv) transportation to a biomass conversion facility.
            ``(B) Amount.--Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary may 
        provide matching payments at a rate of up to $1 for each $1 per 
        ton provided by the biomass conversion facility, in an amount 
        not to exceed $20 per dry ton for a period of 2 years.
        ``(3) Limitation on assistance for bcap contract acreage.--As a 
    condition of the receipt of an annual payment under subsection (c), 
    a producer receiving a payment under this subsection for 
    collection, harvest, storage, or transportation of an eligible crop 
    produced on BCAP acreage shall agree to a reduction in the annual 
    payment.
    ``(e) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report on the dissemination by the Secretary of the best practice data 
and information gathered from participants receiving assistance under 
this section.
    ``(f) Funding.--
        ``(1) In general.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
    $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(2) Collection, harvest, storage, and transportation 
    payments.--Of the amount made available under paragraph (1) for 
    each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use not less than 10 percent, 
    nor more than 50 percent, of the amount to make collection, 
    harvest, transportation, and storage payments under subsection 
    (d)(2).
        ``(3) Technical assistance.--
            ``(A) In general.--Effective for fiscal year 2014 and each 
        subsequent fiscal year, funds made available under this 
        subsection shall be available for the provision of technical 
        assistance with respect to activities authorized under this 
        section.
            ``(B) Relationship to other laws.--To the extent funds 
        obligated or expended under subparagraph (A) include funds of 
        the Commodity Credit Corporation, such funds shall not be 
        considered an allotment or fund transfer from the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation for purposes of the limit on expenditures 
        for technical assistance imposed by section 11 of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714i).''.
SEC. 9011. REPEAL OF FOREST BIOMASS FOR ENERGY.
    Section 9012 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8112) is repealed.
SEC. 9012. COMMUNITY WOOD ENERGY PROGRAM.
    (a) Definition of Biomass Consumer Cooperative.--Section 9013(a) of 
the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(a)) 
is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs (2) 
    and (3), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
        ``(1) Biomass consumer cooperative.--The term `biomass consumer 
    cooperative' means a consumer membership organization the purpose 
    of which is to provide members with services or discounts relating 
    to the purchase of biomass heating products or biomass heating 
    systems.''.
    (b) Grant Program.--Section 9013(b)(1) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(b)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' after the 
    semicolon at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) grants of up to $50,000 to biomass consumer 
        cooperatives for the purpose of establishing or expanding 
        biomass consumer cooperatives that will provide consumers with 
        services or discounts relating to--
                ``(i) the purchase of biomass heating systems;
                ``(ii) biomass heating products, including wood chips, 
            wood pellets, and advanced biofuels; or
                ``(iii) the delivery and storage of biomass of heating 
            products.''.
    (c) Matching Funds.--Section 9013(d) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(d)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``A State or local government that receives a 
    grant under subsection (b)'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) State and local governments.--A State or local government 
    that receives a grant under subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection 
    (b)(1)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Biomass consumer cooperatives.--A biomass consumer 
    cooperative that receives a grant under subsection (b)(1)(C) shall 
    contribute an amount of non-Federal funds (which may include State, 
    local, and nonprofit funds and membership dues) toward the 
    establishment or expansion of a biomass consumer cooperative that 
    is at least equal to 50 percent of the amount of Federal funds 
    received for that purpose.''.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 9013(e) of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(e)) is amended 
by striking ``2013'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 9013. REPEAL OF BIOFUELS INFRASTRUCTURE STUDY.
    Section 9002 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2095) is repealed.
SEC. 9014. REPEAL OF RENEWABLE FERTILIZER STUDY.
    Section 9003 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2096) is repealed.
SEC. 9015. ENERGY EFFICIENCY REPORT FOR USDA FACILITIES.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report on energy use and energy efficiency projects at the Washington, 
District of Columbia, headquarters and the major regional facilities of 
the Department of Agriculture.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) An analysis of energy use by the Department of Agriculture 
    headquarters and major regional facilities.
        (2) A list of energy audits that have been conducted at such 
    facilities.
        (3) A list of energy efficiency projects that have been 
    conducted at such facilities.
        (4) A list of energy savings projects that could be achieved 
    with enacting a consistent, timely, and proper mechanical 
    insulation maintenance program and upgrading mechanical insulation 
    at such facilities.

                         TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

SEC. 10001. SPECIALTY CROPS MARKET NEWS ALLOCATION.
    Section 10107(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 1622b(b)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 10002. REPEAL OF GRANT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE MOVEMENT OF SPECIALTY 
CROPS.
    Effective October 1, 2013, section 10403 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 1622c) is repealed.
SEC. 10003. FARMERS' MARKET AND LOCAL FOOD PROMOTION PROGRAM.
    Section 6 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976 (7 
U.S.C. 3005) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and local food'' 
    after ``farmers' market'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``and Local Food'' after ``Farmers' 
        Market'';
            (B) by striking ``farmers' markets and to promote''; and
            (C) by striking the period and inserting ``and assist in 
        the development of local food business enterprises.'';
        (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Program Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are to 
increase domestic consumption of and access to locally and regionally 
produced agricultural products, and to develop new market opportunities 
for farm and ranch operations serving local markets, by developing, 
improving, expanding, and providing outreach, training, and technical 
assistance to, or assisting in the development, improvement and 
expansion of--
        ``(1) domestic farmers' markets, roadside stands, community-
    supported agriculture programs, agritourism activities, and other 
    direct producer-to-consumer market opportunities; and
        ``(2) local and regional food business enterprises (including 
    those that are not direct producer-to-consumer markets) that 
    process, distribute, aggregate, or store locally or regionally 
    produced food products.'';
        (4) in subsection (c)(1)--
            (A) by inserting ``or other agricultural business entity'' 
        after ``cooperative''; and
            (B) by inserting ``, including a community supported 
        agriculture network or association'' after ``association'';
        (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (g);
        (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
    ``(e) Priorities.--In providing grants under the Program, priority 
shall be given to applications that include projects that benefit 
underserved communities, including communities that--
        ``(1) are located in areas of concentrated poverty with limited 
    access to fresh locally or regionally grown foods; and
        ``(2) have not received benefits from the Program in the recent 
    past.
    ``(f) Funds Requirements for Eligible Entities.--
        ``(1) Matching funds.--An entity receiving a grant under this 
    section for a project to carry out a purpose described in 
    subsection (b)(2) shall provide matching funds in the form of cash 
    or an in-kind contribution in an amount equal to 25 percent of the 
    total cost of the project.
        ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--An eligible entity may not 
    use a grant or other assistance provided under this section for the 
    purchase, construction, or rehabilitation of a building or 
    structure.''; and
        (7) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (5))--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Fiscal 
            years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``Mandatory 
            funding'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
            the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.'';
            (B) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5);
            (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); and
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        ``(4) Use of funds.--Of the funds made available to carry out 
    this section for a fiscal year--
            ``(A) 50 percent of the funds shall be used for the 
        purposes described in subsection (b)(1); and
            ``(B) 50 percent of the funds shall be used for the 
        purposes described in subsection (b)(2).
        ``(5) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not more than 4 
    percent of the total amount made available to carry out this 
    section for a fiscal year may be used for administrative 
    expenses.''.
SEC. 10004. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE.
    (a) Organic Production and Market Data Initiatives.--Section 7407 
of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925c) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``and annually thereafter'' after ``this subsection'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) describes how data collection agencies (such as the 
    Agricultural Marketing Service and the National Agricultural 
    Statistics Service) are coordinating with data user agencies (such 
    as the Risk Management Agency) to ensure that data collected under 
    this section can be used by data user agencies, including by the 
    Risk Management Agency to offer price elections for all organic 
    crops; and''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3);
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Mandatory funding.--In addition to any funds made 
    available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
    $5,000,000, to remain available until expended.''; and
            (D) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
        (B))--
                (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``for fiscal 
            years 2008 through 2012'';
                (ii) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
            ``paragraphs (1) and (2)''; and
                (iii) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Modernization and Technology Upgrade for National Organic 
Program.--Section 2123 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 6522) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
        ``(6) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018; 
    and''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Modernization and Technology Upgrade for National Organic 
Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall modernize database and 
    technology systems of the national organic program.
        ``(2) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation and in addition to any other funds made available for 
    that purpose, the Secretary shall make available to carry out this 
    subsection $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain available 
    until expended.''.
    (c) National Organic Certification Cost-share Program.--Section 
10606(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 6523(d)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
following:
        ``(1) Mandatory funding for fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--Of 
    the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall 
    make available to carry out this section $11,500,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2014 through 2018, to remain available until 
    expended.''.
    (d) Exemption of Certified Organic Products From Promotion Order 
Assessments.--Section 501 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401) is amended by striking subsection 
(e) and inserting the following;
    ``(e) Exemption of Certified Organic Products From Promotion Order 
Assessments.--
        ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any provision of a commodity 
    promotion law, a person that produces, handles, markets, or imports 
    organic products may be exempt from the payment of an assessment 
    under a commodity promotion law with respect to any agricultural 
    commodity that is certified as `organic' or `100 percent organic' 
    (as defined in part 205 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
    a successor regulation)).
        ``(2) Split operations.--The exemption described in paragraph 
    (1) shall apply to the certified `organic' or `100 percent organic' 
    (as defined in part 205 of title 7 of the Code of Federal 
    Regulations (or a successor regulation)) products of a producer, 
    handler, or marketer regardless of whether the agricultural 
    commodity subject to the exemption is produced, handled, or 
    marketed by a person that also produces, handles, or markets 
    conventional or nonorganic agricultural products, including 
    conventional or nonorganic agricultural products of the same 
    agricultural commodity as that for which the exemption is claimed.
        ``(3) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve the exemption of a 
    person under this subsection if the person maintains a valid 
    organic certificate issued under the Organic Foods Production Act 
    of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.).
        ``(4) Termination of effectiveness.--This subsection shall be 
    effective until the date on which the Secretary issues an organic 
    commodity promotion order in accordance with subsection (f).
        ``(5) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
    concerning eligibility and compliance for an exemption under 
    paragraph (1).''.
    (e) Organic Commodity Promotion Order.--Section 501 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Organic Commodity Promotion Order.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) Certified organic farm.--The term `certified organic 
        farm' has the meaning given the term in section 2103 of the 
        Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502).
            ``(B) Covered person.--The term `covered person' means a 
        producer, handler, marketer, or importer of an organic 
        agricultural commodity.
            ``(C) Dual-covered agricultural commodity.--The term `dual-
        covered agricultural commodity' means an agricultural commodity 
        that--
                ``(i) is produced on a certified organic farm; and
                ``(ii) is covered under both--

                    ``(I) an organic commodity promotion order issued 
                pursuant to paragraph (2); and
                    ``(II) any other agricultural commodity promotion 
                order issued under section 514.

        ``(2) Authorization.--The Secretary may issue an organic 
    commodity promotion order under section 514 that includes any 
    agricultural commodity that--
            ``(A) is produced or handled (as defined in section 2103 of 
        the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502)) and 
        that is certified to be sold or labeled as `organic' or `100 
        percent organic' (as defined in part 205 of title 7, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation)); or
            ``(B) is imported with a valid organic certificate (as 
        defined in that part).
        ``(3) Election.--If the Secretary issues an organic commodity 
    promotion order described in paragraph (2), a covered person may 
    elect, for applicable dual-covered agricultural commodities and in 
    the sole discretion of the covered person, whether to be assessed 
    under the organic commodity promotion order or another applicable 
    agricultural commodity promotion order.
        ``(4) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
    concerning eligibility and compliance for an exemption under 
    paragraph (1).''.
    (f) Definition of Agricultural Commodity.--Section 513(1) of the 
Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7412(1)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs 
    (F) and (G), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) products, as a class, that are--
                ``(i) produced on a certified organic farm (as defined 
            in section 2103 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 
            (7 U.S.C. 6502)); and
                ``(ii) certified to be sold or labeled as `organic' or 
            `100 percent organic' (as defined in part 205 of title 7, 
            Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
            regulation));''.
SEC. 10005. INVESTIGATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE ORGANIC FOODS 
PRODUCTION ACT OF 1990.
    (a) Recordkeeping by Certified Operations.--Section 2112 of the 
Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6511) is amended by 
striking subsection (d).
    (b) Recordkeeping by Certifying Agents.--
        (1) In general.--Section 2116 of the Organic Foods Production 
    Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6515) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (c);
            (B) by redesignating subsections (d) through (j) as 
        subsections (c) through (i), respectively; and
            (C) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated), in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (c)''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 2107(a)(8) of the Organic 
    Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6506(a)(8)) is amended by 
    striking ``section 2116(h)'' and inserting ``section 2116(g)''.
    (c) Recordkeeping, Investigations, and Enforcement.--Section 2120 
of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6519) is amended 
to read as follows:
``SEC. 2120. RECORDKEEPING, INVESTIGATIONS, AND ENFORCEMENT.
    ``(a) Recordkeeping.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this title, 
    each person who sells, labels, or represents any agricultural 
    product as having been produced or handled using organic methods 
    shall make available to the Secretary or the applicable governing 
    State official, on request by the Secretary or official, all 
    records associated with the agricultural product.
        ``(2) Certified operations.--Each producer that operates a 
    certified organic farm or certified organic handling operation 
    under this title shall maintain, for a period of not less than 5 
    years, all records concerning the production or handling of any 
    agricultural product sold or labeled as organically produced under 
    this title, including--
            ``(A) a detailed history of substances applied to fields or 
        agricultural products;
            ``(B) the name and address of each person who applied such 
        a substance; and
            ``(C) the date, rate, and method of application of each 
        such substance.
        ``(3) Certifying agents.--
            ``(A) Maintenance of records.--A certifying agent shall 
        maintain all records concerning the activities of the 
        certifying agent under this title for a period of not less than 
        10 years.
            ``(B) Access for secretary.--A certifying agent shall 
        provide to the Secretary and the applicable governing State 
        official (or a representative) access to all records concerning 
        the activities of the certifying agent under this title.
            ``(C) Transference of records.--If a private person that 
        was certified under this title is dissolved or loses 
        accreditation, all records and copies of records concerning the 
        activities of the person under this title shall be--
                ``(i) transferred to the Secretary; and
                ``(ii) made available to the applicable governing State 
            official.
        ``(4) Unlawful act.--It shall be unlawful and a violation of 
    this title for any person covered by this title to fail or refuse 
    to provide accurate information (including a delay in the timely 
    delivery of such information) required by the Secretary under this 
    title.
        ``(5) Confidentiality.--Except as provided in section 
    2107(a)(9), or as otherwise directed by the Secretary or the 
    Attorney General for enforcement purposes, no officer, employee, or 
    agent of the United States shall make available to the public any 
    information, statistic, or document obtained from, or made 
    available by, any person under this title, other than in a manner 
    that ensures that confidentiality is preserved regarding--
            ``(A) the identity of all relevant persons (including 
        parties to a contract); and
            ``(B) proprietary business information.
    ``(b) Investigations.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may take such investigative 
    actions as the Secretary considers to be necessary--
            ``(A) to verify the accuracy of any information reported or 
        made available under this title; and
            ``(B) to determine whether a person covered by this title 
        has committed a violation of any provision of this title, 
        including an order or regulation promulgated by the Secretary 
        pursuant to this title.
        ``(2) Specific investigative powers.--In carrying out this 
    title, the Secretary may--
            ``(A) administer oaths and affirmations;
            ``(B) subpoena witnesses;
            ``(C) compel attendance of witnesses;
            ``(D) take evidence; and
            ``(E) require the production of any records required to be 
        maintained under this title that are relevant to an 
        investigation.
    ``(c) Violations of Title.--
        ``(1) Misuse of label.--Any person who knowingly sells or 
    labels a product as organic, except in accordance with this title, 
    shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $10,000.
        ``(2) False statement.--Any person who makes a false statement 
    under this title to the Secretary, a governing State official, or a 
    certifying agent shall be punished in accordance with section 1001 
    of title 18, United States Code.
        ``(3) Ineligibility.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (C), 
        any person that carries out an activity described in 
        subparagraph (B), after notice and an opportunity to be heard, 
        shall not be eligible, for the 5-year period beginning on the 
        date of the occurrence, to receive a certification under this 
        title with respect to any farm or handling operation in which 
        the person has an interest.
            ``(B) Description of activities.--An activity referred to 
        in subparagraph (A) is--
                ``(i) making a false statement;
                ``(ii) attempting to have a label indicating that an 
            agricultural product is organically produced affixed to an 
            agricultural product that a person knows, or should have 
            reason to know, to have been produced or handled in a 
            manner that is not in accordance with this title; or
                ``(iii) otherwise violating the purposes of the 
            applicable organic certification program, as determined by 
            the Secretary.
            ``(C) Waiver.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary may modify or waive a period of ineligibility under 
        this paragraph if the Secretary determines that the 
        modification or waiver is in the best interests of the 
        applicable organic certification program established under this 
        title.
        ``(4) Reporting of violations.--A certifying agent shall 
    immediately report any violation of this title to the Secretary or 
    the applicable governing State official.
        ``(5) Violations by certifying agent.--A certifying agent that 
    is a private person that violates the provisions of this title or 
    falsely or negligently certifies any farming or handling operation 
    that does not meet the terms and conditions of the applicable 
    organic certification program as an organic operation, as 
    determined by the Secretary or the applicable governing State 
    official shall, after notice and an opportunity to be heard--
            ``(A) lose accreditation as a certifying agent under this 
        title; and
            ``(B) be ineligible to be accredited as a certifying agent 
        under this title for a period of not less than 3 years, 
        beginning on the date of the determination.
        ``(6) Effect on other law.--Nothing in this title alters--
            ``(A) the authority of the Secretary concerning meat, 
        poultry and egg products under--
                ``(i) the Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 601 et 
            seq.);
                ``(ii) the Poultry Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 
            451 et seq.); or
                ``(iii) the Egg Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 1031 
            et seq.);
            ``(B) the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
        U.S.C. 301 et seq.); or
            ``(C) the authority of the Administrator of the 
        Environmental Protection Agency under the Federal Insecticide, 
        Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136 et seq.).''.
SEC. 10006. FOOD SAFETY EDUCATION INITIATIVES.
    Section 10105(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 7655a(c)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 10007. CONSOLIDATION OF PLANT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT AND 
DISASTER PREVENTION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Relocation of Legislative Language Relating to National Clean 
Plant Network.--Section 420 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7721) 
is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
    ``(e) National Clean Plant Network.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program to 
    be known as the `National Clean Plant Network' (referred to in this 
    subsection as the `Program').
        ``(2) Requirements.--Under the Program, the Secretary shall 
    establish a network of clean plant centers for diagnostic and 
    pathogen elimination services--
            ``(A) to produce clean propagative plant material; and
            ``(B) to maintain blocks of pathogen-tested plant material 
        in sites located throughout the United States.
        ``(3) Availability of clean plant source material.--Clean plant 
    source material may be made available to--
            ``(A) a State for a certified plant program of the State; 
        and
            ``(B) private nurseries and producers.
        ``(4) Consultation and collaboration.--In carrying out the 
    Program, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) consult with--
                ``(i) State departments of agriculture; and
                ``(ii) land-grant colleges and universities and NLGCA 
            Institutions (as those terms are defined in section 1404 of 
            the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
            Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); and
            ``(B) to the extent practicable and with input from the 
        appropriate State officials and industry representatives, use 
        existing Federal or State facilities to serve as clean plant 
        centers.
        ``(5) Funding for fiscal year 2013.--There is authorized to be 
    appropriated to carry out the Program $5,000,000 for fiscal year 
    2013.''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (f) of section 420 of the Plant Protection 
Act (7 U.S.C. 7721) (as so redesignated) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and each fiscal year 
    thereafter.'' and inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) $62,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2017; 
    and
        ``(6) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year 
    thereafter.''.
    (c) Repeal of Existing Provision.--Section 10202 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7761) is repealed.
    (d) Use of Funds for Clean Plant Network.--Section 420 of the Plant 
Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7721) (as amended by subsection (a)), is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Use of Funds for Clean Plant Network.--Of the funds made 
available under subsection (f) to carry out this section for a fiscal 
year, not less than $5,000,000 shall be available to carry out the 
National Clean Plant Network under subsection (e).
    ``(h) Limitation on Indirect Costs for the Consolidation of Plant 
Pest and Disease Management and Disaster Prevention Programs.--Indirect 
costs charged against a cooperative agreement under this section shall 
not exceed the lesser of--
        ``(1) 15 percent of the total Federal funds provided under the 
    cooperative agreement, as determined by the Secretary; and
        ``(2) the indirect cost rate applicable to the recipient as 
    otherwise established by law.''.
SEC. 10008. IMPORTATION OF SEED.
    Section 17(c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and 
Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136o(c)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Importation of seed.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
    of law, no person is required to notify the Administrator of the 
    arrival of a plant-incorporated protectant (as defined in section 
    174.3 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor 
    regulation)) that is contained in a seed, if--
            ``(A) that plant-incorporated protectant is registered 
        under section 3;
            ``(B) the Administrator has issued an experimental use 
        permit for that plant-incorporated protectant under section 5; 
        or
            ``(C) the seed is covered by a permit (as defined in part 
        340 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor 
        regulation)) or a notification.
        ``(3) Cooperation.--
            ``(A) In general.--In response to a request from the 
        Administrator, the Secretary of Agriculture shall provide to 
        the Administrator a list of seed containing plant-incorporated 
        protectants (as defined in section 174.3 of title 40, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation)) if the 
        importation of that seed into the United States has been 
        approved under a permit or notification referred to in 
        paragraph (2).
            ``(B) Contents.--The list under subparagraph (A) shall be 
        provided in a form and at such intervals as may be agreed to by 
        the Secretary and the Administrator.
        ``(4) Applicability.--Nothing in this subsection precludes or 
    limits the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture with respect 
    to the importation or movement of plants, plant products, or seeds 
    under--
            ``(A) the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.); and
            ``(B) the Federal Seed Act (7 U.S.C. 1551 et seq.).''.
SEC. 10009. BULK SHIPMENTS OF APPLES TO CANADA.
    (a) Bulk Shipment of Apples to Canada.--Section 4 of the Export 
Apple Act (7 U.S.C. 584) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Sec. 4.  Apples in'' and inserting the 
    following:
``SEC. 4. EXEMPTIONS.
    ``(a) In General.--Apples in''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Bulk Containers.--Apples may be shipped to Canada in bulk 
containers without complying with the provisions of this Act.''.
    (b) Definition of Bulk Container.--Section 9 of the Export Apple 
Act (7 U.S.C. 589) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(5) The term `bulk container' means a container that contains a 
quantity of apples weighing more than 100 pounds.''.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations to carry 
out the amendments made by this section.
SEC. 10010. SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANTS.
    Section 101 of the Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 
U.S.C. 1621 note; Public Law 108-465) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``subsection (j)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (l)''; and
            (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
        (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Grants Based on Value and Acreage.--Subject to subsection 
(c), for each State whose application for a grant for a fiscal year 
that is accepted by the Secretary under subsection (f), the amount of 
the grant for that fiscal year to the State under this section shall 
bear the same ratio to the total amount made available under subsection 
(l)(1) for that fiscal year as--
        ``(1) the average of the most recent available value of 
    specialty crop production in the State and the acreage of specialty 
    crop production in the State, as demonstrated in the most recent 
    Census of Agriculture data; bears to
        ``(2) the average of the most recent available value of 
    specialty crop production in all States and the acreage of 
    specialty crop production in all States, as demonstrated in the 
    most recent Census of Agriculture data.'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (l);
        (4) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
    ``(j) Multistate Projects.--Not later than 180 days after the 
effective date of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary of 
Agriculture shall issue guidance for the purpose of making grants to 
multistate projects under this section for projects involving--
        ``(1) food safety;
        ``(2) plant pests and disease;
        ``(3) research;
        ``(4) crop-specific projects addressing common issues; and
        ``(5) any other area that furthers the purposes of this 
    section, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(k) Administration.--
        ``(1) Department.--The Secretary of Agriculture may not use 
    more than 3 percent of the funds made available to carry out this 
    section for a fiscal year for administrative expenses.
        ``(2) States.--A State receiving a grant under this section may 
    not use more than 8 percent of the funds received under the grant 
    for a fiscal year for administrative expenses.''; and
        (5) in subsection (l) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
        subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (B) by striking ``Of the funds'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--Of the funds'';
            (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by 
            subparagraph (A)), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated by 
            subparagraph (A)), by striking the period at the end and 
            inserting a semicolon; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) $72,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2017; and
            ``(E) $85,000,000 for fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Multistate projects.--Of the funds made available under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary may use to carry out subsection (j), 
    to remain available until expended--
            ``(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
            ``(B) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
            ``(C) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(D) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
            ``(E) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.
SEC. 10011. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONSULTATION REGARDING 
ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN LABOR LAW PROVISIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Labor 
regarding the restraining of shipments of agricultural commodities, or 
the confiscation of agricultural commodities, by the Department of 
Labor for actual or suspected labor law violations in order to 
consider--
        (1) the perishable nature of the commodities;
        (2) the impact of the restraining or confiscation on the 
    economic viability of farming operations; and
        (3) the competitiveness of specialty crops through grants 
    awarded to States under section 101 of the Specialty Crops 
    Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 note; Public Law 108-
    465).
    (b) Report.--The Secretary of Labor shall submit to the Committees 
on Agriculture and Education and Workforce of the House of 
Representative and the Committees on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry and Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a 
report that describes the number of instances during the period of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2013 that the Department of Labor has 
contacted a purchaser of perishable agricultural commodities to notify 
that purchaser of an investigation or pending enforcement action 
against a producer from whom the purchaser has purchased perishable 
agricultural commodities.
SEC. 10012. REPORT ON HONEY.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with persons affected by the 
potential establishment of a Federal standard for the identity of 
honey, shall submit to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs a report 
describing how an appropriate Federal standard for the identity of 
honey would be in the interest of consumers, the honey industry, and 
United States agriculture.
    (b) Considerations.--In preparing the report required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall take into consideration the March 
2006, Standard of Identity citizens petition filed with the Food and 
Drug Administration, including any current industry amendments or 
clarifications necessary to update that petition.
SEC. 10013. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days and 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency and Secretaries of Commerce, Agriculture and the 
Interior shall submit to the Committees on Agriculture and Natural 
Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committees on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and Environment and Public Works 
of the Senate, 2 reports that describe approaches and actions taken by 
the Environmental Protection Agency, the United States Fish and 
Wildlife Service, and the National Marine Fisheries Service--
        (1) to implement recommendations, including an analysis of how 
    any identified delays to implementation will be overcome, of the 
    2013 Expert Report authored by the National Research Council of the 
    National Academies entitled ``Assessing Risks to Endangered and 
    Threatened Species from Pesticides'';
        (2) to otherwise minimize delays in integrating--
            (A) the pesticide registration and registration review 
        requirements of sections 3 and 33 of the Federal Insecticide, 
        Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136a, 136w-8); and
            (B) the species and habitat protection processes described 
        in sections 7 and 10 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
        U.S.C. 1536, 1539); and
        (3) to ensure public participation and transparency during the 
    development, implementation, and evaluation of the approaches to 
    implement the recommendations contained in the report described in 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Requirement for Final Report.--In addition to the requirements 
of subsection (a), the final report submitted to Congress under that 
subsection shall--
        (1) inform Congress of specific actions that have been and will 
    be taken to address the recommendations identified in subsection 
    (a)(1), including an evaluation to establish that--
            (A) the approaches utilize the best available science;
            (B) reasonable and prudent alternatives within biological 
        opinions are technologically and economically feasible;
            (C) reasonable and prudent measures are necessary and 
        appropriate; and
            (D) the agencies ensure public participation and 
        transparency in the development of reasonable and prudent 
        alternatives and reasonable and prudent measures; and
        (2) update the study and report required by subsections (b) and 
    (c) of section 1010 of Public Law 100-478 (7 U.S.C. 136a note).
SEC. 10014. STAY OF REGULATIONS.
    Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall lift the administrative stay imposed under the rule of 
the Secretary entitled ``Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and 
Information Order; Stay of Regulations'' and published by the 
Department of Agriculture on November 17, 2011 (76 Fed. Reg. 71241), on 
the regulations in subpart A of part 1214 of title 7, Code of Federal 
Regulations, establishing an industry-funded promotion, research, and 
information program for fresh-cut Christmas trees.
SEC. 10015. REGULATION OF SULFURYL FLUORIDE.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator of 
the Environmental Protection Agency shall exclude nonpesticideal 
sources of fluoride from any aggregate exposure assessment required 
under section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
U.S.C. 346a) when assessing tolerances associated with residues from 
the pesticide.
SEC. 10016. LOCAL FOOD PRODUCTION AND PROGRAM EVALUATION.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall--
        (1) collect data on--
            (A) the production and marketing of locally or regionally 
        produced agricultural food products; and
            (B) direct and indirect regulatory compliance costs 
        affecting the production and marketing of locally or regionally 
        produced agricultural food products;
        (2) facilitate interagency collaboration and data sharing on 
    programs relating to local and regional food systems;
        (3) monitor--
            (A) the effectiveness of programs designed to expand or 
        facilitate local food systems; and
            (B) barriers to local and regional market access due to 
        Federal regulation of small-scale production; and
        (4) evaluate the manner in which local food systems--
            (A) contribute to improving community food security; and
            (B) assist populations with limited access to healthy food.
    (b) Requirements.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
shall, at a minimum--
        (1) collect and distribute comprehensive reporting of prices 
    and volume of locally or regionally produced agricultural food 
    products;
        (2) conduct surveys and analysis and publish reports relating 
    to the production, handling, distribution, retail sales, and trend 
    studies (including consumer purchasing patterns) of or on locally 
    or regionally produced agricultural food products;
        (3) evaluate the effectiveness of existing programs in growing 
    local and regional food systems, including--
            (A) the impact of local food systems on job creation and 
        economic development;
            (B) the level of participation in the Farmers' Market and 
        Local Food Promotion Program established under section 6 of the 
        Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976 (7 U.S.C. 
        3005), including the percentage of projects funded in 
        comparison to applicants and the types of eligible entities 
        receiving funds;
            (C) the ability of participants to leverage private capital 
        and a synopsis of the places from which non-Federal funds are 
        derived; and
            (D) any additional resources required to aid in the 
        development or expansion of local and regional food systems;
        (4) evaluate the impact that Federal regulation of small 
    commercial producers of agricultural food products intended for 
    local and regional consumption may have on--
            (A) local job creation and economic development;
            (B) access to local and regional fruit and vegetable 
        markets, including for new and beginning small commercial 
        producers; and
            (C) participation in--
                (i) supplier networks;
                (ii) high volume distribution systems; and
                (iii) retail sales outlets;
        (5) expand the Agricultural Resource Management Survey of the 
    Department to include questions on locally or regionally produced 
    agricultural food products; and
        (6) seek to establish or expand private-public partnerships to 
    facilitate, to the maximum extent practicable, the collection of 
    data on locally or regionally produced agricultural food products, 
    including the development of a nationally coordinated and 
    regionally balanced evaluation of the redevelopment of locally or 
    regionally produced food systems.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report describing the progress that has been made in implementing this 
section and identifying any additional needs and barriers related to 
developing local and regional food systems.
SEC. 10017. CLARIFICATION OF USE OF FUNDS FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.
    In the case of each program established or amended by this title 
that is authorized or required to be carried out using funds of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation, the use of those funds to provide 
technical assistance shall not be considered an allotment or fund 
transfer from the Commodity Credit Corporation for purposes of the 
limit on expenditures for technical assistance imposed by section 11 of 
the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714i).

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

SEC. 11001. INFORMATION SHARING.
    Section 502(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(c)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Information.--
            ``(A) Request.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the Farm 
        Service Agency shall, in a timely manner, provide to an agent 
        or an approved insurance provider authorized by the producer 
        any information (including Farm Service Agency Form 578s (or 
        any successor form)) or maps (or any corrections to those forms 
        or maps) that may assist the agent or approved insurance 
        provider in insuring the producer under a policy or plan of 
        insurance under this subtitle.
            ``(B) Privacy.--Except as provided in subparagraph (C), an 
        agent or approved insurance provider that receives the 
        information of a producer pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall 
        treat the information in accordance with paragraph (1).
            ``(C) Sharing.--Nothing in this section prohibits the 
        sharing of the information of a producer pursuant to 
        subparagraph (A) between the agent and the approved insurance 
        provider of the producer.''.
SEC. 11002. PUBLICATION OF INFORMATION ON VIOLATIONS OF PROHIBITION ON 
PREMIUM ADJUSTMENTS.
    Section 508(a)(9) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(a)(9)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Publication of violations.--
                ``(i) Publication required.--Subject to clause (ii), 
            the Corporation shall publish in a timely manner on the 
            website of the Risk Management Agency information regarding 
            each violation of this paragraph, including any sanctions 
            imposed in response to the violation, in sufficient detail 
            so that the information may serve as effective guidance to 
            approved insurance providers, agents, and producers.
                ``(ii) Protection of privacy.--In providing information 
            under clause (i) regarding violations of this paragraph, 
            the Corporation shall redact the identity of the persons 
            and entities committing the violations in order to protect 
            the privacy of those persons and entities.''.
SEC. 11003. SUPPLEMENTAL COVERAGE OPTION.
    (a) Availability of Supplemental Coverage Option.--Section 508(c) 
of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(c)) is amended by 
striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) Yield and loss basis options.--A producer shall have the 
    option of purchasing additional coverage based on--
            ``(A)(i) an individual yield and loss basis; or
            ``(ii) an area yield and loss basis; or
            ``(B) an individual yield and loss basis, supplemented with 
        coverage based on an area yield and loss basis to cover a part 
        of the deductible under the individual yield and loss policy, 
        as described in paragraph (4)(C).''.
    (b) Level of Coverage.--Section 508(c) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(c)) is amended by striking paragraph (4) 
and inserting the following:
        ``(4) Level of coverage.--
            ``(A) Dollar denomination and percentage of yield.--Except 
        as provided in subparagraph (C), the level of coverage--
                ``(i) shall be dollar denominated; and
                ``(ii) may be purchased at any level not to exceed 85 
            percent of the individual yield or 95 percent of the area 
            yield (as determined by the Corporation).
            ``(B) Information.--The Corporation shall provide producers 
        with information on catastrophic risk and additional coverage 
        in terms of dollar coverage (within the allowable limits of 
        coverage provided in this paragraph).
            ``(C) Supplemental coverage option.--
                ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), in 
            the case of the supplemental coverage option described in 
            paragraph (3)(B), the Corporation shall offer producers the 
            opportunity to purchase coverage in combination with a 
            policy or plan of insurance offered under this subtitle 
            that would allow indemnities to be paid to a producer equal 
            to a part of the deductible under the policy or plan of 
            insurance--

                    ``(I) at a county-wide level to the fullest extent 
                practicable; or
                    ``(II) in counties that lack sufficient data, on 
                the basis of such larger geographical area as the 
                Corporation determines to provide sufficient data for 
                purposes of providing the coverage.

                ``(ii) Trigger.--Coverage offered under paragraph 
            (3)(B) and clause (i) shall be triggered only if the losses 
            in the area exceed 14 percent of normal levels (as 
            determined by the Corporation).
                ``(iii) Coverage.--Subject to the trigger described in 
            clause (ii), coverage offered under paragraph (3)(B) and 
            clause (i) shall not exceed the difference between--

                    ``(I) 86 percent; and
                    ``(II) the coverage level selected by the producer 
                for the underlying policy or plan of insurance.

                ``(iv) Ineligible crops and acres.--Crops for which the 
            producer has elected under section 1116 of the Agricultural 
            Act of 2014 to receive agriculture risk coverage and acres 
            that are enrolled in the stacked income protection plan 
            under section 508B shall not be eligible for supplemental 
            coverage under this subparagraph.
                ``(v) Calculation of premium.--Notwithstanding 
            subsection (d), the premium for coverage offered under 
            paragraph (3)(B) and clause (i) shall--

                    ``(I) be sufficient to cover anticipated losses and 
                a reasonable reserve; and
                    ``(II) include an amount for operating and 
                administrative expenses established in accordance with 
                subsection (k)(4)(F).''.

    (c) Payment of Portion of Premium by Corporation.--Section 
508(e)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(e)(2)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(H) In the case of the supplemental coverage option 
        authorized in subsection (c)(4)(C), the amount shall be equal 
        to the sum of--
                ``(i) 65 percent of the additional premium associated 
            with the coverage; and
                ``(ii) the amount determined under subsection 
            (c)(4)(C)(v)(II), subject to subsection (k)(4)(F), for the 
            coverage to cover operating and administrative expenses.''.
    (d) Application Date.--The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation shall 
begin to provide additional coverage based on an individual yield and 
loss basis, supplemented with coverage based on an area yield and loss 
basis, as described in the amendments made by this section, not later 
than for the 2015 crop year.
SEC. 11004. CROP MARGIN COVERAGE OPTION.
    Section 508(c)(3) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(c)(3)) (as amended by section 11003) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) a margin basis alone or in combination with the 
        coverages available under subparagraph (A) or (B).''.
SEC. 11005. PREMIUM AMOUNTS FOR CATASTROPHIC RISK PROTECTION.
    Section 508(d)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(d)(2)) is amended by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(A) In the case of catastrophic risk protection, the 
        amount of the premium established by the Corporation for each 
        crop for which catastrophic risk protection is available shall 
        be reduced by the percentage equal to the difference between 
        the average loss ratio for the crop and 100 percent, plus a 
        reasonable reserve, as determined by the Corporation.''.
SEC. 11006. PERMANENT ENTERPRISE UNIT SUBSIDY.
    Section 508(e)(5) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(e)(5)) is amended by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may pay a portion of the 
        premiums for plans or policies of insurance for which the 
        insurable unit is defined on a whole farm or enterprise unit 
        basis that is higher than would otherwise be paid in accordance 
        with paragraph (2).''.
SEC. 11007. ENTERPRISE UNITS FOR IRRIGATED AND NONIRRIGATED CROPS.
    Section 508(e)(5) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(e)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) Nonirrigated crops.--Beginning with the 2015 crop 
        year, the Corporation shall make available separate enterprise 
        units for irrigated and nonirrigated acreage of crops in 
        counties.''.
SEC. 11008. DATA COLLECTION.
    Section 508(g)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(g)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) Sources of yield data.--To determine yields under 
        this paragraph, the Corporation--
                ``(i) shall use county data collected by the Risk 
            Management Agency, the National Agricultural Statistics 
            Service, or both; or
                ``(ii) if sufficient county data is not available, may 
            use other data considered appropriate by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 11009. ADJUSTMENT IN ACTUAL PRODUCTION HISTORY TO ESTABLISH 
INSURABLE YIELDS.
    Section 508(g) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(g)) 
(as amended by section 11008) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``and paragraph (4)(C)'' 
    after ``(B)''; and
        (2) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D);
            (B) in subparagraph (D) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
        ``or (C)'' after ``(B)''; and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
            ``(C) Election to exclude certain history.--
                ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), with 
            respect to 1 or more of the crop years used to establish 
            the actual production history of an agricultural commodity 
            of the producer, the producer may elect to exclude any 
            recorded or appraised yield for any crop year in which the 
            per planted acre yield of the agricultural commodity in the 
            county of the producer was at least 50 percent below the 
            simple average of the per planted acre yield of the 
            agricultural commodity in the county during the previous 10 
            consecutive crop years.
                ``(ii) Contiguous counties.--In any crop year that a 
            producer in a county is eligible to make an election to 
            exclude a yield under clause (i), a producer in a 
            contiguous county is eligible to make such an election.
                ``(iii) Irrigation practice.--For purposes of 
            determining whether the per planted acre yield of the 
            agricultural commodity in the county of the producer was at 
            least 50 percent below the simple average of the per 
            planted acre yield of the agricultural commodity in the 
            county during the previous 10 consecutive crop years, the 
            Corporation shall make a separate determination for 
            irrigated and nonirrigated acreage.''.
SEC. 11010. SUBMISSION OF POLICIES AND BOARD REVIEW AND APPROVAL.
    (a) In General.--Section 508(h) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1508(h)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
        (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
            (B) by striking ``(1) In general.--In addition'' and 
        inserting the following:
        ``(1) Authority to submit.--
            ``(A) In general.--In addition''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Review and submission by corporation.--The 
        Corporation shall review any policy developed under section 
        522(c) or any pilot program developed under section 523 and 
        submit the policy or program to the Board under this subsection 
        if the Corporation, at the sole discretion of the Corporation, 
        finds that the policy or program--
                ``(i) will likely result in a viable and marketable 
            policy consistent with this subsection;
                ``(ii) would provide crop insurance coverage in a 
            significantly improved form; and
                ``(iii) adequately protects the interests of 
            producers.''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) Review and approval by the board.--
            ``(A) In general.--A policy, plan of insurance, or other 
        material submitted to the Board under this subsection shall be 
        reviewed by the Board and shall be approved by the Board for 
        reinsurance and for sale by approved insurance providers to 
        producers at actuarially appropriate rates and under 
        appropriate terms and conditions if the Board determines that--
                ``(i) the interests of producers are adequately 
            protected;
                ``(ii) the proposed policy or plan of insurance will--

                    ``(I) provide a new kind of coverage that is likely 
                to be viable and marketable;
                    ``(II) provide crop insurance coverage in a manner 
                that addresses a clear and identifiable flaw or problem 
                in an existing policy; or
                    ``(III) provide a new kind of coverage for a 
                commodity that previously had no available crop 
                insurance, or has demonstrated a low level of 
                participation or coverage level under existing 
                coverage; and

                ``(iii) the proposed policy or plan of insurance will 
            not have a significant adverse impact on the crop insurance 
            delivery system.
            ``(B) Consideration.--In approving policies or plans of 
        insurance, the Board shall in a timely manner--
                ``(i) first, consider policies or plans of insurance 
            that address underserved commodities, including commodities 
            for which there is no insurance;
                ``(ii) second, consider existing policies or plans of 
            insurance for which there is inadequate coverage or there 
            exists low levels of participation; and
                ``(iii) last, consider all policies or plans of 
            insurance submitted to the Board that do not meet the 
            criteria described in clause (i) or (ii).
            ``(C) Specified review and approval priorities.--In 
        reviewing policies and other materials submitted to the Board 
        under this subsection for approval, the Board--
                ``(i) shall make the development and approval of a 
            revenue policy for peanut producers a priority so that a 
            revenue policy is available to peanut producers in time for 
            the 2015 crop year;
                ``(ii) shall make the development and approval of a 
            margin coverage policy for rice producers a priority so 
            that a margin coverage policy is available to rice 
            producers in time for the 2015 crop year; and
                ``(iii) may approve a submission that is made pursuant 
            to this subsection that would, beginning with the 2015 crop 
            year, allow producers that purchase policies in accordance 
            with subsection (e)(5)(A) to separate enterprise units by 
            risk rating for acreage of crops in counties.''.
    (b) Approval of Costs for Research and Development.--Section 
522(b)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(b)(2)) is 
amended by striking subparagraph (E) and inserting the following:
            ``(E) Approval.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Board may approve up to 50 
            percent of the projected total research and development 
            costs to be paid in advance to an applicant, in accordance 
            with the procedures developed by the Board for the making 
            of the payments, if, after consideration of the reviewer 
            reports described in subparagraph (D) and such other 
            information as the Board determines appropriate, the Board 
            determines that--

                    ``(I) the concept, in good faith, will likely 
                result in a viable and marketable policy consistent 
                with section 508(h);
                    ``(II) at the sole discretion of the Board, the 
                concept, if developed into a policy and approved by the 
                Board, would provide crop insurance coverage--

                        ``(aa) in a significantly improved form;
                        ``(bb) to a crop or region not traditionally 
                    served by the Federal crop insurance program; or
                        ``(cc) in a form that addresses a recognized 
                    flaw or problem in the program;

                    ``(III) the applicant agrees to provide such 
                reports as the Corporation determines are necessary to 
                monitor the development effort;
                    ``(IV) the proposed budget and timetable are 
                reasonable, as determined by the Board; and
                    ``(V) the concept proposal meets any other 
                requirements that the Board determines appropriate.

                ``(ii) Waiver.--The Board may waive the 50-percent 
            limitation and, upon request of the submitter after the 
            submitter has begun research and development activities, 
            the Board may approve an additional 25 percent advance 
            payment to the submitter for research and development 
            costs, if, at the sole discretion of the Board, the Board 
            determines that--

                    ``(I) the intended policy or plan of insurance 
                developed by the submitter will provide coverage for a 
                region or crop that is underserved by the Federal crop 
                insurance program, including specialty crops; and
                    ``(II) the submitter is making satisfactory 
                progress towards developing a viable and marketable 
                policy or plan of insurance consistent with section 
                508(h).''.

SEC. 11011. CONSULTATION.
    Section 508(h)(4) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(h)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) Consultation.--
                ``(i) Requirement.--As part of the feasibility and 
            research associated with the development of a policy or 
            other material for fruits and vegetables, tree nuts, dried 
            fruits, and horticulture and nursery crops (including 
            floriculture), the submitter prior to making a submission 
            under this subsection shall consult with groups 
            representing producers of those agricultural commodities in 
            all major producing areas for the commodities to be served 
            or potentially impacted, either directly or indirectly.
                ``(ii) Submission to the board.--Any submission made to 
            the Board under this subsection shall contain a summary and 
            analysis of the feasibility and research findings from the 
            impacted groups described in clause (i), including a 
            summary assessment of the support for or against 
            development of the policy and an assessment on the impact 
            of the proposed policy to the general marketing and 
            production of the crop from both a regional and national 
            perspective.
                ``(iii) Evaluation by the board.--In evaluating whether 
            the interests of producers are adequately protected 
            pursuant to paragraph (3) with respect to a submission made 
            under this subsection, the Board shall review the 
            information provided pursuant to clause (ii) to determine 
            if the submission will create adverse market distortions 
            with respect to the production of commodities that are the 
            subject of the submission.''.
SEC. 11012. BUDGET LIMITATIONS ON RENEGOTIATION OF THE STANDARD 
REINSURANCE AGREEMENT.
    Section 508(k)(8) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(k)(8)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) Budget.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Board shall ensure that any 
            Standard Reinsurance Agreement negotiated under 
            subparagraph (A)(ii) shall--

                    ``(I) to the maximum extent practicable, be 
                estimated as budget neutral with respect to the total 
                amount of payments described in paragraph (9) as 
                compared to the total amount of such payments estimated 
                to be made under the immediately preceding Standard 
                Reinsurance Agreement if that Agreement were extended 
                over the same period of time;
                    ``(II) comply with the applicable provisions of 
                this Act establishing the rates of reimbursement for 
                administrative and operating costs for approved 
                insurance providers and agents, except that, to the 
                maximum extent practicable, the estimated total amount 
                of reimbursement for those costs shall not be less than 
                the total amount of the payments to be made under the 
                immediately preceding Standard Reinsurance Agreement if 
                that Agreement were extended over the same period of 
                time, as estimated on the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014; and
                    ``(III) in no event significantly depart from 
                budget neutrality unless otherwise required by this 
                Act.

                ``(ii) Use of savings.--To the extent that any budget 
            savings are realized in the renegotiation of a Standard 
            Reinsurance Agreement under subparagraph (A)(ii), and the 
            savings are determined not to be a significant departure 
            from budget neutrality under clause (i), the savings shall 
            be used to increase reimbursements or payments described 
            under paragraphs (4) and (9).''.
SEC. 11013. TEST WEIGHT FOR CORN.
    Section 508(m) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(m)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Test weight for corn.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall establish 
        procedures to allow insured producers not more than 120 days to 
        settle claims, in accordance with procedures established by the 
        Secretary, involving corn that is determined to have low test 
        weight.
            ``(B) Implementation.--As soon as practicable after the 
        date of enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall 
        implement subparagraph (A) on a regional basis based on market 
        conditions and the interests of producers.
            ``(C) Termination of effectiveness.--The authority provided 
        by this paragraph terminates effective on the date that is 5 
        years after the date on which subparagraph (A) is 
        implemented.''.
SEC. 11014. CROP PRODUCTION ON NATIVE SOD.
    (a) Federal Crop Insurance.--Section 508(o) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(o)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``, or the producer 
    cannot substantiate that the ground has ever been tilled,'' after 
    ``tilled'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Ineligibility 
        for'' and inserting ``Reduction in'';
            (B) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) In general.--During the first 4 crop years of 
        planting, as determined by the Secretary, native sod acreage 
        that has been tilled for the production of an annual crop after 
        the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 shall be 
        subject to a reduction in benefits under this subtitle as 
        described in this paragraph.''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Administration.--
                ``(i) Reduction.--For purposes of the reduction in 
            benefits for the acreage described in subparagraph (A)--

                    ``(I) the crop insurance guarantee shall be 
                determined by using a yield equal to 65 percent of the 
                transitional yield of the producer; and
                    ``(II) the crop insurance premium subsidy provided 
                for the producer under this subtitle, except for 
                coverage authorized pursuant to subsection (b)(1), 
                shall be 50 percentage points less than the premium 
                subsidy that would otherwise apply.

                ``(ii) Yield substitution.--During the period native 
            sod acreage is covered by this subsection, a producer may 
            not substitute yields for the native sod.'';
        (3) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) Application.--This subsection shall only apply to native 
    sod acreage in the States of Minnesota, Iowa, North Dakota, South 
    Dakota, Montana, and Nebraska.''.
    (b) Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance.--Section 196(a)(4) of the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7333(a)(4)) is amended--
        (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``ineligibility'' and 
    inserting ``reduction in benefits'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting ``, or the producer 
    cannot substantiate that the ground has ever been tilled,'' after 
    ``tilled'';
        (3) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in the subparagraph heading, by striking 
        ``Ineligibility for'' and inserting ``Reduction in'';
            (B) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
                ``(i) In general.--During the first 4 crop years of 
            planting, as determined by the Secretary, native sod 
            acreage that has been tilled for the production of an 
            annual crop after the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
            Act of 2014 shall be subject to a reduction in benefits 
            under this section as described in this subparagraph.''; 
            and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iii) Reduction.--For purposes of the reduction in 
            benefits for the acreage described in clause (i)--

                    ``(I) the approved yield shall be determined by 
                using a yield equal to 65 percent of the transitional 
                yield of the producer; and
                    ``(II) the service fees or premiums for crops 
                planted on native sod shall be equal to 200 percent of 
                the amount determined in subsections (l)(2) or (k), as 
                applicable, but in no case shall exceed the amount 
                determined in subsection (l)(2)(B)(ii).''; and

        (4) by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:
            ``(C) Application.--This paragraph shall only apply to 
        native sod acreage in the States of Minnesota, Iowa, North 
        Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Nebraska.''.
    (c) Cropland Report.--
        (1) Baseline.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
    on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
    describes the cropland acreage in each applicable county and State, 
    and the change in cropland acreage from the preceding year in each 
    applicable county and State, beginning with calendar year 2000 and 
    including that information for the most recent year for which that 
    information is available.
        (2) Annual updates.--Not later than January 1, 2015, and each 
    January 1 thereafter through January 1, 2018, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
    Forestry of the Senate a report that describes--
            (A) the cropland acreage in each applicable county and 
        State as of the date of submission of the report; and
            (B) the change in cropland acreage from the preceding year 
        in each applicable county and State.
SEC. 11015. COVERAGE LEVELS BY PRACTICE.
    Section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Coverage Levels by Practice.--Beginning with the 2015 crop 
year, a producer that produces an agricultural commodity on both dry 
land and irrigated land may elect a different coverage level for each 
production practice.''.
SEC. 11016. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER PROVISIONS.
    (a) Definition.--Section 502(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1502(b)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (9) as paragraphs 
    (4) through (10), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) Beginning farmer or rancher.--The term `beginning farmer 
    or rancher' means a farmer or rancher who has not actively operated 
    and managed a farm or ranch with a bona fide insurable interest in 
    a crop or livestock as an owner-operator, landlord, tenant, or 
    sharecropper for more than 5 crop years, as determined by the 
    Secretary.''.
    (b) Premium Adjustments.--Section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(5)(E), by inserting ``and beginning 
    farmers or ranchers'' after ``limited resource farmers'';
        (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following:
        ``(8) Premium for beginning farmers or ranchers.--
    Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection regarding 
    payment of a portion of premiums, a beginning farmer or rancher 
    shall receive premium assistance that is 10 percentage points 
    greater than premium assistance that would otherwise be available 
    under paragraphs (2) (except for subparagraph (A) of that 
    paragraph), (5), (6), and (7) for the applicable policy, plan of 
    insurance, and coverage level selected by the beginning farmer or 
    rancher.''; and
        (3) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or'' at the end;
                (ii) in clause (ii)(III), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; or''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iii) if the producer is a beginning farmer or 
            rancher who was previously involved in a farming or 
            ranching operation, including involvement in the 
            decisionmaking or physical involvement in the production of 
            the crop or livestock on the farm, for any acreage obtained 
            by the beginning farmer or rancher, a yield that is the 
            higher of--

                    ``(I) the actual production history of the previous 
                producer of the crop or livestock on the acreage 
                determined under subparagraph (A); or
                    ``(II) a yield of the producer, as determined in 
                clause (i).''; and

            (B) in paragraph (4)(B)(ii)--
                (i) by inserting ``(I)'' after ``(ii)'';
                (ii) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
            ``; or''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(II) in the case of beginning farmers or ranchers, 
            replace each excluded yield with a yield equal to 80 
            percent of the applicable transitional yield.''.
SEC. 11017. STACKED INCOME PROTECTION PLAN FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
COTTON.
    (a) Availability of Stacked Income Protection Plan for Producers of 
Upland Cotton.--The Federal Crop Insurance Act is amended by inserting 
after section 508A (7 U.S.C. 1508a) the following:
``SEC. 508B. STACKED INCOME PROTECTION PLAN FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
COTTON.
    ``(a) Availability.--Beginning not later than the 2015 crop of 
upland cotton, the Corporation shall make available to producers of 
upland cotton an additional policy (to be known as the `Stacked Income 
Protection Plan'), which shall provide coverage consistent with the 
Group Risk Income Protection Plan (and the associated Harvest Revenue 
Option Endorsement) offered by the Corporation for the 2011 crop year.
    ``(b) Required Terms.--The Corporation may modify the Stacked 
Income Protection Plan on a program-wide basis, except that the Stacked 
Income Protection Plan shall comply with the following requirements:
        ``(1) Provide coverage for revenue loss of not less than 10 
    percent and not more than 30 percent of expected county revenue, 
    specified in increments of 5 percent. The deductible shall be the 
    minimum percent of revenue loss at which indemnities are triggered 
    under the plan, not to be less than 10 percent of the expected 
    county revenue.
        ``(2) Be offered to producers of upland cotton in all counties 
    with upland cotton production--
            ``(A) at a county-wide level to the fullest extent 
        practicable; or
            ``(B) in counties that lack sufficient data, on the basis 
        of such larger geographical area as the Corporation determines 
        to provide sufficient data for purposes of providing the 
        coverage.
        ``(3) Be purchased in addition to any other individual or area 
    coverage in effect on the producer's acreage or as a stand-alone 
    policy, except that if a producer has an individual or area 
    coverage for the same acreage, the maximum coverage available under 
    the Stacked Income Protection Plan shall not exceed the deductible 
    for the individual or area coverage.
        ``(4) Establish coverage based on--
            ``(A) the expected price established under existing Group 
        Risk Income Protection or area wide policy offered by the 
        Corporation for the applicable county (or area) and crop year; 
        and
            ``(B) an expected county yield that is the higher of--
                ``(i) the expected county yield established for the 
            existing area-wide plans offered by the Corporation for the 
            applicable county (or area) and crop year (or, in 
            geographic areas where area-wide plans are not offered, an 
            expected yield determined in a manner consistent with those 
            of area-wide plans); or
                ``(ii) the average of the applicable yield data for the 
            county (or area) for the most recent 5 years, excluding the 
            highest and lowest observations, from the Risk Management 
            Agency or the National Agricultural Statistics Service (or 
            both) or, if sufficient county data is not available, such 
            other data considered appropriate by the Secretary.
        ``(5) Use a multiplier factor to establish maximum protection 
    per acre (referred to as a `protection factor') of not less than 
    the higher of the level established on a program wide basis or 120 
    percent.
        ``(6) Pay an indemnity based on the amount that the expected 
    county revenue exceeds the actual county revenue, as applied to the 
    individual coverage of the producer. Indemnities under the Stacked 
    Income Protection Plan shall not include or overlap the amount of 
    the deductible selected under paragraph (1).
        ``(7) In all counties for which data are available, establish 
    separate coverage levels for irrigated and nonirrigated practices.
    ``(c) Premium.--Notwithstanding section 508(d), the premium for the 
Stacked Income Protection Plan shall--
        ``(1) be sufficient to cover anticipated losses and a 
    reasonable reserve; and
        ``(2) include an amount for operating and administrative 
    expenses established in accordance with section 508(k)(4)(F).
    ``(d) Payment of Portion of Premium by Corporation.--Subject to 
section 508(e)(4), the amount of premium paid by the Corporation for 
all qualifying coverage levels of the Stacked Income Protection Plan 
shall be--
        ``(1) 80 percent of the amount of the premium established under 
    subsection (c) for the coverage level selected; and
        ``(2) the amount determined under subsection (c)(2), subject to 
    section 508(k)(4)(F), for the coverage to cover administrative and 
    operating expenses.
    ``(e) Relation to Other Coverages.--The Stacked Income Protection 
Plan is in addition to all other coverages available to producers of 
upland cotton.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 508(k)(4)(F) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(k)(4)(F)) is amended by inserting ``or 
authorized under subsection (c)(4)(C) or section 508B'' after ``of this 
subparagraph''.
SEC. 11018. PEANUT REVENUE CROP INSURANCE.
    The Federal Crop Insurance Act is amended by inserting after 
section 508B (as added by section 11017), the following:
``SEC. 508C. PEANUT REVENUE CROP INSURANCE.
    ``(a) In General.--Effective beginning with the 2015 crop year, the 
Risk Management Agency and the Corporation shall make available to 
producers of peanuts a revenue crop insurance program for peanuts.
    ``(b) Effective Price.--Subject to subsection (c), for purposes of 
the revenue crop insurance program and the multiperil crop insurance 
program under this Act, the effective price for peanuts shall be equal 
to the Rotterdam price index for peanuts or other appropriate price as 
determined by the Secretary, as adjusted to reflect the farmer stock 
price of peanuts in the United States.
    ``(c) Adjustments.--
        ``(1) In general.--The effective price for peanuts established 
    under subsection (b) may be adjusted by the Risk Management Agency 
    and the Corporation to correct distortions.
        ``(2) Administration.--If an adjustment is made under paragraph 
    (1), the Risk Management Agency and the Corporation shall--
            ``(A) make the adjustment in an open and transparent 
        manner; and
            ``(B) submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the reasons 
        for the adjustment.''.
SEC. 11019. AUTHORITY TO CORRECT ERRORS.
    Section 515(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1515(c)) 
is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
    inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
        (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``Beginning with'' and 
    inserting the following:
        ``(2) Frequency.--Beginning with''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Corrections.--
            ``(A) In general.--In addition to the corrections permitted 
        by the Corporation as of the day before the date of enactment 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Corporation shall 
        establish procedures that allow an agent or an approved 
        insurance provider, subject to subparagraph (B)--
                ``(i) within a reasonable amount of time following the 
            applicable sales closing date, to correct errors in 
            information that is provided by a producer for the purpose 
            of obtaining coverage under any policy or plan of insurance 
            made available under this subtitle to ensure that the 
            eligibility information is correct and consistent with 
            information reported by the producer for other programs 
            administered by the Secretary;
                ``(ii) within a reasonable amount of time following--

                    ``(I) the acreage reporting date, to reconcile 
                errors in the information reported by the producer with 
                correct information determined from any other program 
                administered by the Secretary; or
                    ``(II) the date of any subsequent correction of 
                data by the Farm Service Agency made as a result of the 
                verification of information, to make conforming 
                corrections; and

                ``(iii) at any time, to correct electronic transmission 
            errors that were made by an agent or approved insurance 
            provider, or such errors made by the Farm Service Agency or 
            any other agency of the Department of Agriculture in 
            transmitting the information provided by the producer for 
            purposes of other programs of the Department to the extent 
            an agent or approved insurance provider relied upon the 
            erroneous information for crop insurance purposes.
            ``(B) Limitation.--In accordance with the procedures of the 
        Corporation, correction to the information described in clauses 
        (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) may only be made if the 
        corrections do not allow the producer--
                ``(i) to avoid ineligibility requirements for insurance 
            or obtain a disproportionate benefit under the crop 
            insurance program or any related program administered by 
            the Secretary;
                ``(ii) to obtain, enhance, or increase an insurance 
            guarantee or indemnity if a cause of loss exists or has 
            occurred before any correction has been made, or avoid 
            premium owed if no loss is likely to occur; or
                ``(iii) to avoid an obligation or requirement under any 
            Federal or State law.
            ``(C) Exception to late filing sanctions.--Any corrections 
        made within a reasonable amount of time, in accordance with 
        established procedures, pursuant to this paragraph shall not be 
        subject to any late filing sanctions authorized in the 
        reinsurance agreement with the Corporation.
            ``(D) Late payment of debt.--In the case of a producer that 
        has inadvertently failed to pay a debt due as specified by 
        regulations of the Corporation and has been determined to be 
        ineligible for crop insurance pursuant to the terms of the 
        policy as a result of that failure, the Corporation may 
        determine to allow the producer to pay the debt and purchase 
        the crop insurance after the sales closing date, in accordance 
        with procedures and limitations established by the 
        Corporation.''.
SEC. 11020. IMPLEMENTATION.
    Section 515 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1515) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (j), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(1) Systems maintenance and upgrades.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall maintain and upgrade 
        the information management systems of the Corporation used in 
        the administration and enforcement of this subtitle.
            ``(B) Requirement.--
                ``(i) In general.--In maintaining and upgrading the 
            systems, the Secretary shall ensure that new hardware and 
            software are compatible with the hardware and software used 
            by other agencies of the Department to maximize data 
            sharing and promote the purposes of this section.
                ``(ii) Acreage report streamlining initiative 
            project.--As soon as practicable, the Secretary shall 
            develop and implement an acreage report streamlining 
            initiative project to allow producers to report acreage and 
            other information directly to the Department.''; and
        (2) in subsection (k), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(1) Information technology.--
            ``(A) In general.--For purposes of subsection (j)(1), the 
        Corporation may use, from amounts made available from the 
        insurance fund established under section 516(c), not more 
        than--
                ``(i)(I) for fiscal year 2014, $14,000,000; and
                ``(II) for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2018, 
            $9,000,000; or
                ``(ii) if the Acreage Crop Reporting Streamlining 
            Initiative (ACRSI) project is substantially completed by 
            September 30, 2015, not more than $14,000,000 for each of 
            the fiscal years 2015 through 2018.
            ``(B) Notification.--The Secretary shall notify the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
        Senate of the substantial completion of the Acreage Crop 
        Reporting Streamlining Initiative (ACRSI) project not later 
        than July 1, 2015.''.
SEC. 11021. CROP INSURANCE FRAUD.
    Section 516(b)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1516(b)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Reviews, compliance, and integrity.--
                ``(i) In general.--For each of the 2014 and subsequent 
            reinsurance years, the Corporation may use the insurance 
            fund established under subsection (c), but not to exceed 
            $9,000,000 for each fiscal year, to pay costs--

                    ``(I) to reimburse expenses incurred for the 
                operations and review of policies, plans of insurance, 
                and related materials (including actuarial and related 
                information); and
                    ``(II) to assist the Corporation in maintaining 
                program actuarial soundness and financial integrity.

                ``(ii) Secretarial action.--For the purposes described 
            in clause (i), the Secretary may, without further 
            appropriation--

                    ``(I) merge some or all of the funds made available 
                under this subparagraph into the accounts of the Risk 
                Management Agency; and
                    ``(II) obligate those funds.

                ``(iii) Maintenance of funding.--Funds made available 
            under this subparagraph shall be in addition to other funds 
            made available for costs incurred by the Corporation or the 
            Risk Management Agency.''.
SEC. 11022. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIES.
    (a) Authority to Conduct Research and Development, Priorities.--
Section 522(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(c)) is 
amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Contracting'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``may enter into contracts to carry out research and 
    development to'' and inserting ``may conduct activities or enter 
    into contracts to carry out research and development to maintain or 
    improve existing policies or develop new policies to'';
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``conduct research 
        and development or'' after ``The Corporation may''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``conducting research 
        and development or'' after ``Before'';
        (4) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``after expert review in 
    accordance with section 505(e)'' after ``approved by the Board'';
        (5) in paragraph (6), by striking ``a pasture, range, and 
    forage program'' and inserting ``policies that increase 
    participation by producers of underserved agricultural commodities, 
    including sweet sorghum, biomass sorghum, rice, peanuts, sugarcane, 
    alfalfa, pennycress, dedicated energy crops, and specialty crops'';
        (6) by redesignating paragraph (17) as paragraph (25); and
        (7) by inserting after paragraph (16), the following:
        ``(17) Margin coverage for catfish.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to enter 
        into a contract with a qualified entity to conduct research and 
        development regarding a policy to insure producers against 
        reduction in the margin between the market value of catfish and 
        selected costs incurred in the production of catfish.
            ``(B) Eligibility.--Eligibility for the policy described in 
        subparagraph (A) shall be limited to freshwater species of 
        catfish that are propagated and reared in controlled or 
        selected environments.
            ``(C) Implementation.--The Board shall review the policy 
        described in subparagraph (B) under section 508(h) and approve 
        the policy if the Board finds that the policy--
                ``(i) will likely result in a viable and marketable 
            policy consistent with this subsection;
                ``(ii) would provide crop insurance coverage in a 
            significantly improved form;
                ``(iii) adequately protects the interests of producers; 
            and
                ``(iv) meets other requirements of this subtitle 
            determined appropriate by the Board.
        ``(18) Biomass and sweet sorghum energy crop insurance 
    policies.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to enter 
        into 1 or more contracts with qualified entities to carry out 
        research and development regarding--
                ``(i) a policy to insure biomass sorghum that is grown 
            expressly for the purpose of producing a feedstock for 
            renewable biofuel, renewable electricity, or biobased 
            products; and
                ``(ii) a policy to insure sweet sorghum that is grown 
            for a purpose described in clause (i).
            ``(B) Research and development.--Research and development 
        with respect to each of the policies required in subparagraph 
        (A) shall evaluate the effectiveness of risk management tools 
        for the production of biomass sorghum or sweet sorghum, 
        including policies and plans of insurance that--
                ``(i) are based on market prices and yields;
                ``(ii) to the extent that insufficient data exist to 
            develop a policy based on market prices and yields, 
            evaluate the policies and plans of insurance based on the 
            use of weather indices, including excessive or inadequate 
            rainfall, to protect the interest of crop producers; and
                ``(iii) provide protection for production or revenue 
            losses, or both.
        ``(19) Study on swine catastrophic disease program.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall contract with 1 or 
        more qualified entities to conduct a study to determine the 
        feasibility of insuring swine producers for a catastrophic 
        event.
            ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall submit to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report that describes the results of the study 
        conducted under subparagraph (A).
        ``(20) Whole farm diversified risk management insurance plan.--
            ``(A) In general.--Unless the Corporation approves a whole 
        farm insurance plan, similar to the plan described in this 
        paragraph, to be available to producers for the 2016 
        reinsurance year, the Corporation shall conduct activities or 
        enter into contracts to carry out research and development to 
        develop a whole farm risk management insurance plan, with a 
        liability limitation of $1,500,000, that allows a diversified 
        crop or livestock producer the option to qualify for an 
        indemnity if actual gross farm revenue is below 85 percent of 
        the average gross farm revenue or the expected gross farm 
        revenue that can reasonably be expected of the producer, as 
        determined by the Corporation.
            ``(B) Eligible producers.--The Corporation shall permit 
        producers (including direct-to-consumer marketers and producers 
        servicing local and regional and farm identity-preserved 
        markets) who produce multiple agricultural commodities, 
        including specialty crops, industrial crops, livestock, and 
        aquaculture products, to participate in the plan developed 
        under subparagraph (A) in lieu of any other plan under this 
        subtitle.
            ``(C) Diversification.--The Corporation may provide 
        diversification-based additional coverage payment rates, 
        premium discounts, or other enhanced benefits in recognition of 
        the risk management benefits of crop and livestock 
        diversification strategies for producers that--
                ``(i) grow multiple crops; or
                ``(ii) may have income from the production of livestock 
            that uses a crop grown on the farm.
            ``(D) Market readiness.--The Corporation may include 
        coverage for the value of any packing, packaging, or any other 
        similar on-farm activity the Corporation determines to be the 
        minimum required in order to remove the commodity from the 
        field.
        ``(21) Study on poultry catastrophic disease program.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall contract with a 
        qualified person to conduct a study to determine the 
        feasibility of insuring poultry producers for a catastrophic 
        event.
            ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall submit to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report that describes the results of the study 
        conducted under subparagraph (A).
        ``(22) Poultry business interruption insurance policy.--
            ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms `poultry' 
        and `poultry grower' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 2(a) of the Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921 (7 U.S.C. 
        182(a)).
            ``(B) Authority.--The Corporation shall offer to enter into 
        a contract or cooperative agreement with an institution of 
        higher education or other legal entity to carry out research 
        and development regarding a policy to insure the commercial 
        production of poultry against business interruptions caused by 
        integrator bankruptcy.
            ``(C) Research and development.--As part of the research 
        and development conducted pursuant to a contract or cooperative 
        agreement entered into under subparagraph (B), the entity 
        shall--
                ``(i) evaluate the market place for business 
            interruption insurance that is available to poultry 
            growers;
                ``(ii) determine what statutory authority would be 
            necessary to implement a business interruption insurance 
            through the Corporation;
                ``(iii) assess the feasibility of a policy or plan of 
            insurance offered under this subtitle to insure against a 
            portion of losses due to business interruption or to the 
            bankruptcy of an business integrator; and
                ``(iv) analyze the costs to the Federal Government of a 
            Federal business interruption insurance program for poultry 
            growers or producers.
            ``(D) Deadline for contract or cooperative agreement.--Not 
        later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
        paragraph, the Corporation shall offer to enter into the 
        contract or cooperative agreement required by subparagraph (B).
            ``(E) Deadline for completion of research and 
        development.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
        of this paragraph, the Corporation shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
        Senate a report that describes the results of the research and 
        development conducted pursuant to the contract or cooperative 
        agreement entered into under subparagraph (B).]
        ``(23) Study of food safety insurance.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to enter 
        into a contract with 1 or more qualified entities to conduct a 
        study to determine whether offering policies that provide 
        coverage for specialty crops from food safety and contamination 
        issues would benefit agricultural producers.
            ``(B) Subject.--The study described in subparagraph (A) 
        shall evaluate policies and plans of insurance coverage that 
        provide protection for production or revenue impacted by food 
        safety concerns including, at a minimum, government, retail, or 
        national consumer group announcements of a health advisory, 
        removal, or recall related to a contamination concern.
            ``(C) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall submit to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report that describes the results of the study 
        conducted under subparagraph (A).''.
        ``(24) Alfalfa crop insurance policy.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to enter 
        into 1 or more contracts with qualified entities to carry out 
        research and development regarding a policy to insure alfalfa.
            ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall submit to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report that describes the results of the study 
        conducted under subparagraph (A).''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 522(e) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1522(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in the subparagraph heading, by striking 
            ``Authority.--'' and inserting ``Conducting and contracting 
            for research and development.--''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``conduct research and development 
            and'' after ``the Corporation may use to''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``conduct research 
        and development and'' after ``for the fiscal year to'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``to provide either reimbursement payments or contract 
    payments''; and
        (3) by striking paragraph (4).
SEC. 11023. CROP INSURANCE FOR ORGANIC CROPS.
    (a) In General.--Section 508(c)(6) of the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(c)(6)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(D) Organic crops.--
                ``(i) In general.--As soon as possible, but not later 
            than the 2015 reinsurance year, the Corporation shall offer 
            producers of organic crops price elections for all organic 
            crops produced in compliance with standards issued by the 
            Department of Agriculture under the national organic 
            program established under the Organic Foods Production Act 
            of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.) that reflect the actual 
            retail or wholesale prices, as appropriate, received by 
            producers for organic crops, as determined by the Secretary 
            using all relevant sources of information.
                ``(ii) Annual report.--The Corporation shall submit to 
            the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
            Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
            Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual report on 
            progress made in developing and improving Federal crop 
            insurance for organic crops, including--

                    ``(I) the numbers and varieties of organic crops 
                insured;
                    ``(II) the progress of implementing the price 
                elections required under this subparagraph, including 
                the rate at which additional price elections are 
                adopted for organic crops;
                    ``(III) the development of new insurance approaches 
                relevant to organic producers; and
                    ``(IV) any recommendations the Corporation 
                considers appropriate to improve Federal crop insurance 
                coverage for organic crops.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 522(c) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(c)) (as amended by section 11022) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (10); and
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (25) as paragraphs 
    (10) through (24), respectively.
SEC. 11024. PROGRAM COMPLIANCE PARTNERSHIPS.
    (a) In General.--Section 522(d) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1522(d)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
the following:
        ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to authorize 
    the Corporation to enter into partnerships with public and private 
    entities for the purpose of either--
            ``(A) increasing the availability of loss mitigation, 
        financial, and other risk management tools for producers, with 
        a priority given to risk management tools for producers of 
        agricultural commodities covered by section 196 of the 
        Agricultural Market Transition Act (7 U.S.C. 7333), specialty 
        crops, and underserved agricultural commodities; or
            ``(B) improving analysis tools and technology regarding 
        compliance or identifying and using innovative compliance 
        strategies.''.
    (b) Objectives.--Section 522(d)(3) of the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(d)(3)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as subparagraph (H); and
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:
            ``(G) to improve analysis tools and technology regarding 
        compliance or identifying and using innovative compliance 
        strategies; and''.
SEC. 11025. PILOT PROGRAMS.
    Section 523(a) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1523(a)) 
is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, at the sole discretion 
    of the Corporation,'' after ``may''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (5).
SEC. 11026. INDEX-BASED WEATHER INSURANCE PILOT PROGRAM.
    Section 523 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1523) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Underserved Crops and Regions Pilot Programs.--
        ``(1) Definition of livestock commodity.--In this subsection, 
    the term `livestock commodity' includes cattle, sheep, swine, 
    goats, and poultry, including pasture, rangeland, and forage as a 
    source of feed for that livestock.
        ``(2) Authorization.--Notwithstanding subsection (a)(2), the 
    Corporation may conduct 2 or more pilot programs to provide 
    producers of underserved specialty crops and livestock commodities 
    with index-based weather insurance, subject to the requirements of 
    this section.
        ``(3) Review and approval of submissions.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Board shall approve 2 or more 
        proposed policies or plans of insurance from approved insurance 
        providers if the Board determines that the policies or plans 
        provide coverage as specified in paragraph (2), and meet the 
        conditions described in this paragraph
            ``(B) Requirements.--To be eligible for approval under this 
        subsection, the approved insurance provider shall have--
                ``(i) adequate experience underwriting and 
            administering policies or plans of insurance that are 
            comparable to the proposed policy or plan of insurance;
                ``(ii) sufficient assets or reinsurance to satisfy the 
            underwriting obligations of the approved insurance 
            provider, and possess a sufficient insurance credit rating 
            from an appropriate credit rating bureau, in accordance 
            with Board procedures; and
                ``(iii) applicable authority and approval from each 
            State in which the approved insurance provider intends to 
            sell the insurance product.
            ``(C) Review requirements.--In reviewing applications under 
        this subsection, the Board shall conduct the review in a manner 
        consistent with the standards, rules, and procedures for 
        policies or plans of insurance submitted under section 508(h) 
        and the actuarial soundness requirements applied to other 
        policies and plans of insurance made available under this 
        subtitle.
            ``(D) Prioritization.--The Board shall prioritize 
        applications that provide a new kind of coverage for specialty 
        crops and livestock commodities that previously had no 
        available crop insurance, or has demonstrated a low level of 
        participation under existing coverage.
        ``(4) Payment of premium support.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall pay a portion of 
        the premium for producers that purchase a policy or plan of 
        insurance approved pursuant to this subsection.
            ``(B) Amount.--The premium subsidy shall provide a similar 
        dollar amount of premium subsidy per acre that the Corporation 
        pays for comparable policies or plans of insurance reinsured 
        under this subtitle, except that in no case shall the premium 
        subsidy exceed 60 percent of total premium, as determined by 
        the Corporation.
            ``(C) Calculation.--The premium subsidy, as determined by 
        the Corporation, shall be calculated as--
                ``(i) a percentage of premium;
                ``(ii) a percentage of expected loss determined 
            pursuant to a reasonable actuarial methodology; or
                ``(iii) a fixed dollar amount per acre.
            ``(D) Payment.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the 
        premium subsidy under this subsection shall be paid by the 
        Corporation in the same manner and under the same terms and 
        conditions as premium subsidy for other policies and plans of 
        insurance.
            ``(E) Operating and administrative expense payments.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), operating 
            and administrative expense payments may be made for 
            policies and plans of insurance approved under this 
            subsection in an amount that is commensurate with similar 
            policies and plans of insurance reinsured under this 
            subtitle, on the condition that the operating and 
            administrative expenses are not included in premiums.
                ``(ii) Limitation.--Subject to subparagraph (F)(i), 
            Federal reinsurance, research and development costs, other 
            reimbursements, or maintenance fees shall not be provided 
            or collected for policies and plans of insurance approved 
            under this subsection.
            ``(F) Approved insurance providers.--Any policy or plan of 
        insurance approved under this subsection may be sold only by 
        the approved insurance provider that submits the application 
        and by any additional approved insurance provider that--
                ``(i) agrees to pay maintenance fees or other payments 
            to the approved insurance provider that submitted the 
            application in an amount agreed to by the applicant and the 
            additional approved insurance provider, on the condition 
            that the fees or payments shall be reasonable and 
            appropriate to ensure that the policies or plans of 
            insurance may be made available by additional approved 
            insurance providers; and
                ``(ii) meets the eligibility criteria of paragraph 
            (3)(B), as determined by the Board.
            ``(G) Relationship to other provisions.--The requirements 
        of this paragraph shall apply notwithstanding paragraph (6).
        ``(5) Oversight.--The Corporation shall develop and publish 
    procedures to administer policies or plans of insurance approved 
    under this subsection that--
            ``(A) require each approved insurance provider to report 
        sales, acreage and claim data, and any other data that the 
        Corporation determines to be appropriate, to allow the 
        Corporation to evaluate sales and performance of the product; 
        and
            ``(B) contain such other requirements as the Corporation 
        determines necessary to ensure that the products--
                ``(i) do not have a significant adverse impact on the 
            crop insurance delivery system;
                ``(ii) are in the best interests of producers; and
                ``(iii) do not result in a reduction of program 
            integrity.
        ``(6) Confidentiality.--
            ``(A) In general.--All reports required under paragraph (5) 
        and all other proprietary information and data generated or 
        derived from applicants under this subsection shall be 
        considered to be confidential commercial or financial 
        information for the purposes of section 552(b)(4) of title 5, 
        United States Code.
            ``(B) Standard.--If information concerning a proposal could 
        be withheld by the Secretary under the standard for privileged 
        or confidential information pertaining to trade secrets and 
        commercial or financial information under section 552(b)(4) of 
        title 5, United States Code, the information shall not be 
        released to the public.
        ``(7) Ineligible purposes.--In no case shall a policy or plan 
    of insurance made available under this subsection provide coverage 
    substantially similar to privately available hail insurance.
        ``(8) Funding.--
            ``(A) Limitation on expenditures.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision in this subsection, of the funds of the 
        Corporation, the Corporation shall use to carry out this 
        section not more than $12,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2015 
        through 2018, to remain available until expended.
            ``(B) Relation to other programs.--The amount of funds made 
        available under this section shall be in addition to amounts 
        made available under other provisions of this subtitle, 
        including amounts made available under subsection (b).''.
SEC. 11027. ENHANCING PRODUCER SELF-HELP THROUGH FARM FINANCIAL 
BENCHMARKING.
    (a) Definition.--Section 502(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1502(b)) (as amended by section 11016(a)(1)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (10) as paragraphs 
    (8) through (11), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
        ``(7) Farm financial benchmarking.--The term `farm financial 
    benchmarking' means--
            ``(A) the process of comparing the performance of an 
        agricultural enterprise against the performance of other 
        similar enterprises, through the use of comparable and reliable 
        data, in order to identify business management strengths, 
        weaknesses, and steps necessary to improve management 
        performance and business profitability; and
            ``(B) benchmarking of the type conducted by farm management 
        and producer associations consistent with the activities 
        described in or funded pursuant to section 1672D of the Food, 
        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
        5925f).''.
    (b) Partnerships for Risk Management for Producers of Specialty 
Crops and Underserved Agricultural Commodities.--Section 522(d)(3)(F) 
of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(d)(3)(F)) is amended 
by inserting ``farm financial benchmarking,'' after ``management,''.
    (c) Crop Insurance Education and Risk Management Assistance.--
Section 524(a) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(a)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3)(A), by inserting ``farm financial 
    benchmarking,'' after ``risk reduction,''; and
        (2) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by inserting ``(including farm financial benchmarking)'' after 
    ``management strategies''.
SEC. 11028. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (7); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (8) through (11) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (10), respectively;
        (2) in subsection (e)(2), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
    (A), by striking ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (3), 
    (6), and (7)''; and
        (3) in subsection (k)(8)(C), by striking ``subparagraph 
    (A)(iii)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A)(ii)''.
    (b) Section 522 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(4)(A), by striking ``paragraphs (1)'' and 
    inserting ``paragraph (1)''; and
        (2) in subsection (e)(1), by adding a period at the end.
    (c) Section 531(d)(3)(A) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1531(d)(3)(A)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(A) Eligible losses.--'' and all that follows 
    through ``An eligible'' in clause (i) and inserting the following:
            ``(A) Eligible losses.--An eligible'';
        (2) by striking clause (ii); and
        (3) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) as clauses (i) and 
    (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately.
    (d) Section 901(d)(3)(A) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
2497(d)(3)(A)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(A) Eligible losses.--'' and all that follows 
    through ``An eligible'' in clause (i) and inserting the following:
            ``(A) Eligible losses.--An eligible'';
        (2) by striking clause (ii); and
        (3) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) as clauses (i) and 
    (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS
                         Subtitle A--Livestock

SEC. 12101. TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Alternative Certification Process.--The Secretary of 
Agriculture shall amend the rule made under paragraph (2) of section 
11010(a) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
8304(a)) to implement the voluntary trichinae certification program 
established under paragraph (1) of such section, to include a 
requirement to establish an alternative trichinae certification process 
based on surveillance or other methods consistent with international 
standards for categorizing compartments as having negligible risk for 
trichinae.
    (b) Final Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date on 
which the international standards referred to in subsection (a) are 
adopted, the Secretary shall finalize the rule amended under such 
subsection.
    (c) Reauthorization.--Section 10405(d)(1) of the Animal Health 
Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8304(d)(1)) is amended in subparagraphs (A) 
and (B) by striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 12102. SHEEP PRODUCTION AND MARKETING GRANT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 
1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``SEC. 209. SHEEP PRODUCTION AND MARKETING GRANT PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through 
the Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service, shall 
establish a competitive grant program for the purposes of strengthening 
and enhancing the production and marketing of sheep and sheep products 
in the United States, including through--
        ``(1) the improvement of--
            ``(A) infrastructure;
            ``(B) business; and
            ``(C) resource development; and
        ``(2) the development of innovative approaches to solve long-
    term needs.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--The Secretary shall make grants under this 
section to at least one national entity, the mission of which is 
consistent with the purpose of the grant program.
    ``(c) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $1,500,000 for fiscal 
year 2014, to remain available until expended.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 375 of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008j) (as in existence on the day 
before the date of the enactment of this Act) is--
        (1) amended in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (3)(D), by striking ``3 percent'' and 
        inserting ``10 percent''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (6);
        (2) redesignated as section 210 of the Agricultural Marketing 
    Act of 1946; and
        (3) moved so as to appear at the end of subtitle A of that Act 
    (as amended by subsection (a)).
SEC. 12103. NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH PLAN.
    Section 11013(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8322(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 12104. COUNTRY OF ORIGIN LABELING.
    (a) Economic Analysis.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through 
    the Office of the Chief Economist, shall conduct an economic 
    analysis of the final rule entitled ``Mandatory Country of Origin 
    Labeling of Beef, Pork, Lamb, Chicken, Goat Meat, Wild and Farm-
    raised Fish and Shellfish, Perishable Agricultural Commodities, 
    Peanuts, Pecans, Ginseng and Macadamia Nuts'' published by the 
    Department of Agriculture on May 24, 2013 (78 Fed. Reg. 31367) that 
    makes certain amendments to parts 60 and 65 of title 7, Code of 
    Federal Regulations.
        (2) Contents.--The economic analysis described in subsection 
    (a) shall include, with respect to the labeling of beef, pork, and 
    chicken, an analysis of the impact on consumers, producers, and 
    packers in the United States of--
            (A) the implementation of subtitle D of the Agricultural 
        Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638 et seq.); and
            (B) the final rule referred to in subsection (a).
    (b) Applying Country of Origin Labeling Requirements to Venison.--
        (1) Definition of covered commodity.--Section 281(2)(A) of the 
    Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638(2)(A)) is 
    amended--
            (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and pork'' and inserting 
        ``pork, and venison''; and
            (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``and ground pork'' and 
        inserting ``ground pork, and ground venison''.
        (2) Notice of country of origin.--Section 282(a)(2) of the 
    Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638a(a)(2)) is 
    amended--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``and goat'' and inserting 
        ``goat, and venison'';
            (B) by striking ``or goat'' and inserting ``goat, or 
        venison'' each place it appears in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), 
        and (D); and
            (C) in subparagraph (E)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``and goat'' and 
            inserting ``goat, and venison''; and
                (ii) by striking ``or ground goat'' each place it 
            appears and inserting ``ground goat, or ground venison''.
SEC. 12105. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH LABORATORY NETWORK.
    The Animal Health Protection Act is amended by inserting after 
section 10409 (7 U.S.C. 8308) the following new section:
``SEC. 10409A. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH LABORATORY NETWORK.
    ``(a) Definition of Eligible Laboratory.--In this section, the term 
`eligible laboratory' means a diagnostic laboratory that meets specific 
criteria developed by the Secretary, in consultation with State animal 
health officials, State veterinary diagnostic laboratories, and 
veterinary diagnostic laboratories at institutions of higher education 
(as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 1001)).
    ``(b) In General.--The Secretary, in consultation with State 
veterinarians, shall offer to enter into contracts, grants, cooperative 
agreements, or other legal instruments with eligible laboratories for 
any of the following purposes:
        ``(1) To enhance the capability of the Secretary to respond in 
    a timely manner to emerging or existing bioterrorist threats to 
    animal health.
        ``(2) To provide the capacity and capability for standardized--
            ``(A) test procedures, reference materials, and equipment;
            ``(B) laboratory biosafety and biosecurity levels;
            ``(C) quality management system requirements;
            ``(D) interconnected electronic reporting and transmission 
        of data; and
            ``(E) evaluation for emergency preparedness.
        ``(3) To coordinate the development, implementation, and 
    enhancement of national veterinary diagnostic laboratory 
    capabilities, with special emphasis on surveillance planning and 
    vulnerability analysis, technology development and validation, 
    training, and outreach.
    ``(c) Priority.--To the extent practicable and to the extent 
capacity and specialized expertise may be necessary, the Secretary 
shall give priority to existing Federal facilities, State facilities, 
and facilities at institutions of higher education.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 12106. FOOD SAFETY INSPECTION.
    (a) Inspections.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1(w) of the Federal Meat Inspection 
    Act (21 U.S.C. 601(w)) is amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
    inserting the following:
        ``(2) all fish of the order Siluriformes; and''.
        (2) Conditions.--Section 6 of the Federal Meat Inspection Act 
    (21 U.S.C. 606) is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting 
    the following:
    ``(b) Certain Fish.--In the case of an examination and inspection 
under subsection (a) of a meat food product derived from any fish 
described in section 1(w)(2), the Secretary shall take into account the 
conditions under which the fish is raised and transported to a 
processing establishment.''.
        (3) Inapplicability.--Section 25 of the Federal Meat Inspection 
    Act (21 U.S.C. 625) is amended by striking ``not apply'' and all 
    that follows and inserting ``not apply to any fish described in 
    section 1(w)(2).''.
        (4) Conforming amendment.--Section 203(n) of the Agricultural 
    Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1622(n)) is amended by striking 
    paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) all fish of the order Siluriformes; and''.
    (b) Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
            (A) not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, issue final regulations to carry out the amendments 
        made by section 11016(b)(1) of the Food, Conservation, and 
        Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2130), as 
        further clarified by the amendments made by this section; and
            (B) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, implement the amendments described in subparagraph 
        (A).
        (2) Notification.--Beginning 30 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act and every 30 days thereafter until the date 
    of full implementation of the amendments described in paragraph 
    (1)(A), the Secretary shall submit a report describing the status 
    of implementation to--
            (A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (B) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry of 
        the Senate;
            (C) the Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, 
        Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies of the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives; 
        and
            (D) the Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, and 
        Related Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate.
        (3) Procedure.--Section 1601(c)(2) applies to the promulgation 
    of the regulations and administration of this section and the 
    amendments made by this section.
        (4) Conforming amendment.--Section 11016(b) of the Food, 
    Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 
    2130) is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(2) Implementation.--
            ``(A) Regulations.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall 
        issue final regulations to carry out the amendments made by 
        paragraph (1) and section 12106 of that Act in a manner that 
        ensures that there is no duplication in inspection activities.
            ``(B) Interagency coordination.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
        the Secretary shall execute a memorandum of understanding with 
        the Commissioner of Food and Drugs for the following purposes:
                ``(i) To improve interagency cooperation on food safety 
            and fraud prevention, building upon any other prior 
            agreements, including provisions, performance metrics, and 
            timelines as appropriate.
                ``(ii) To maximize the effectiveness of limited 
            personnel and resources by ensuring that--

                    ``(I) inspections conducted by the Department 
                satisfy requirements under the Federal Food, Drug, and 
                Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.);
                    ``(II) inspections of shipments and processing 
                facilities for fish of the order Siluriformes by the 
                Department and the Food and Drug Administration are not 
                duplicative; and
                    ``(III) any information resulting from examination, 
                testing, and inspections conducted is considered in 
                making risk-based determinations, including the 
                establishment of inspection priorities.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect as if enacted as part of section 11016(b) of 
the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 
Stat. 2130).
SEC. 12107. NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN.
    The Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure that the Department of 
Agriculture continues to administer the diagnostic surveillance program 
for H5/H7 low pathogenic avian influenza with respect to commercial 
poultry under section 146.14 of title 9, Code of Federal Regulations 
(or a successor regulation), without amending the regulations in 
section 147.43 of title 9, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on 
the date of the enactment of this Act), with respect to the governance 
of the General Conference Committee established under such section. The 
Secretary of Agriculture shall maintain--
        (1) the operations of the General Conference Committee--
            (A) in the physical location at which the Committee was 
        located on the date of the enactment of this Act; and
            (B) with the organizational structure within the Department 
        of Agriculture in effect as of such date; and
        (2) the funding levels for the National Poultry Improvement 
    Plan for Commercial Poultry (established under part 146 of title 9, 
    Code of Federal Regulations, or a successor regulation) at the 
    fiscal year 2013 funding levels for the Plan.
SEC. 12108. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING FERAL SWINE ERADICATION.
    It is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) the Secretary of Agriculture should recognize the threat 
    feral swine pose to the domestic swine population and the entire 
    agriculture industry; and
        (2) feral swine eradication is a high priority that the 
    Secretary should carry out under the authorities of the Animal 
    Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8301 et seq.).

   Subtitle B--Socially Disadvantaged Producers and Limited Resource 
                               Producers

SEC. 12201. OUTREACH AND ASSISTANCE FOR SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS 
AND RANCHERS AND VETERAN FARMERS AND RANCHERS.
    (a) Outreach and Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and 
Ranchers and Veteran Farmers and Ranchers.--Section 2501 of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279) is 
amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and veteran farmers 
    and ranchers'' after ``ranchers'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by inserting ``and veteran farmers or ranchers'' after 
        ``ranchers'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i), by inserting ``and veteran 
        farmers or ranchers'' after ``ranchers''; and
            (C) in paragraph (4)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) in the subparagraph heading, by striking 
                ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
                    (II) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (IV) by adding at the end the following new clause:

                ``(iii) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
            through 2018.''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(E) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.'';
        (3) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or veteran farmers and 
    ranchers'' after ``socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers'';
        (4) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``veteran farmers or 
        ranchers and'' before ``members''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``veteran farmers or 
        ranchers and'' before ``members''; and
        (5) in subsection (e)(5)(A)--
            (A) in clause (i), by inserting ``and veteran farmers or 
        ranchers'' after ``ranchers''; and
            (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``and veteran farmers or 
        ranchers'' after ``ranchers''.
    (b) Definition of Veteran Farmer or Rancher.--Section 2501(e) of 
the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
2279(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(7) Veteran farmer or rancher.--The term `veteran farmer or 
    rancher' means a farmer or rancher who has served in the Armed 
    Forces (as defined in section 101(10) of title 38 United States 
    Code) and who--
            ``(A) has not operated a farm or ranch; or
            ``(B) has operated a farm or ranch for not more than 10 
        years.''.
SEC. 12202. OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH.
    Paragraph (3) of section 226B(f) of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6934(f)) is amended to read as 
follows:
        ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this subsection--
            ``(A) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2009 through 2013; and
            ``(B) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 12203. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS POLICY RESEARCH 
CENTER.
    Section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279), as amended by section 12201, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers Policy Research 
Center.--The Secretary shall award a grant to a college or university 
eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 
321 et seq.), including Tuskegee University, to establish a policy 
research center to be known as the `Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and 
Ranchers Policy Research Center' for the purpose of developing policy 
recommendations for the protection and promotion of the interests of 
socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.''.
SEC. 12204. RECEIPT FOR SERVICE OR DENIAL OF SERVICE FROM CERTAIN 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCIES.
    Section 2501A(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279-1(e)) is amended by striking ``and, at the 
time of the request, also requests a receipt''.

               Subtitle C--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 12301. GRANTS TO IMPROVE SUPPLY, STABILITY, SAFETY, AND TRAINING 
OF AGRICULTURAL LABOR FORCE.
    Subsection (d) of section 14204 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2008q-1) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
        ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2008 
    through 2013; and
        ``(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
    2018.''.
SEC. 12302. PROGRAM BENEFIT ELIGIBILITY STATUS FOR PARTICIPANTS IN HIGH 
PLAINS WATER STUDY.
    Section 2901 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1818) is amended by striking ``this Act 
or an amendment made by this Act'' and inserting ``this Act, an 
amendment made by this Act, the Agricultural Act of 2014, or an 
amendment made by the Agricultural Act of 2014''.
SEC. 12303. OFFICE OF TRIBAL RELATIONS.
    Title III of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 is amended by adding after 
section 308 (7 U.S.C. 3125a note; Public Law 103-354) the following new 
section:
    ``SEC. 309. OFFICE OF TRIBAL RELATIONS.
    ``The Secretary shall maintain in the Office of the Secretary an 
Office of Tribal Relations, which shall advise the Secretary on 
policies related to Indian tribes and carry out such other functions as 
the Secretary considers appropriate.''.
SEC. 12304. MILITARY VETERANS AGRICULTURAL LIAISON.
    Subtitle A of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 is amended by inserting after section 218 (7 U.S.C. 6918) the 
following new section:
    ``SEC. 219. MILITARY VETERANS AGRICULTURAL LIAISON.
    ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary shall establish in the 
Department the position of Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
    ``(b) Duties.--The Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison shall--
        ``(1) provide information to returning veterans about, and 
    connect returning veterans with, beginning farmer training and 
    agricultural vocational and rehabilitation programs appropriate to 
    the needs and interests of returning veterans, including assisting 
    veterans in using Federal veterans educational benefits for 
    purposes relating to beginning a farming or ranching career;
        ``(2) provide information to veterans concerning the 
    availability of, and eligibility requirements for, participation in 
    agricultural programs, with particular emphasis on beginning farmer 
    and rancher programs;
        ``(3) serve as a resource for assisting veteran farmers and 
    ranchers, and potential farmers and ranchers, in applying for 
    participation in agricultural programs; and
        ``(4) advocate on behalf of veterans in interactions with 
    employees of the Department.
    ``(c) Contracts and Cooperative Agreements.--For purposes of 
carrying out the duties under subsection (b), the Military Veterans 
Agricultural Liaison may enter into contracts or cooperative agreements 
with the research centers of the Agricultural Research Service, 
institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the 
Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), or nonprofit 
organizations for--
        ``(1) the conduct of regional research on the profitability of 
    small farms;
        ``(2) the development of educational materials;
        ``(3) the conduct of workshops, courses, and certified 
    vocational training;
        ``(4) the conduct of mentoring activities; or
        ``(5) the provision of internship opportunities.''.
SEC. 12305. NONINSURED CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement 
and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Coverages.--In the case of an eligible crop described 
        in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Agriculture shall operate a 
        noninsured crop disaster assistance program to provide 
        coverages based on individual yields (other than for value-loss 
        crops) equivalent to--
                ``(i) catastrophic risk protection available under 
            section 508(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
            1508(b)); or
                ``(ii) except in the case of crops and grasses used for 
            grazing, additional coverage available under subsections 
            (c) and (h) of section 508 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) that 
            does not exceed 65 percent, as described in subsection (l).
            ``(B) Administration.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
        section through the Farm Service Agency (referred to in this 
        section as the `Agency').''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (II) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); 
                and
                    (III) by inserting after clause (i) the following:

                        ``(ii) for which additional coverage under 
                    subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of that Act 
                    (7 U.S.C. 1508) is not available; and''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and industrial 
            crops'' and inserting ``sweet sorghum, biomass sorghum, and 
            industrial crops (including those grown expressly for the 
            purpose of producing a feedstock for renewable biofuel, 
            renewable electricity, or biobased products)'';
        (2) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``$100,000'' and 
    inserting ``$125,000'';
        (3) in subsection (k)(2), by striking ``limited resource 
    farmer'' and inserting ``limited resource, beginning, or socially 
    disadvantaged farmer''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l) Payment Equivalent to Additional Coverage.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available 
    noninsured assistance under this subsection (other than for crops 
    and grasses used for grazing) at a payment amount that is 
    equivalent to an indemnity for additional coverage under 
    subsections (c) and (h) of section 508 of the Federal Crop 
    Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) and equal to the product obtained by 
    multiplying--
            ``(A) the amount that--
                ``(i) the additional coverage yield, which shall be 
            equal to the product obtained by multiplying--

                    ``(I) an amount not less than 50 percent nor more 
                than 65 percent, as elected by the producer and 
                specified in 5-percent increments; and
                    ``(II) the approved yield for the crop, as 
                determined by the Secretary; exceeds

                ``(ii) the actual yield;
            ``(B) 100 percent of the average market price for the crop, 
        as determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(C) a payment rate for the type of crop, as determined by 
        the Secretary, that reflects--
                ``(i) in the case of a crop that is produced with a 
            significant and variable harvesting expense, the decreasing 
            cost incurred in the production cycle for the crop that is, 
            as applicable--

                    ``(I) harvested;
                    ``(II) planted but not harvested; or
                    ``(III) prevented from being planted because of 
                drought, flood, or other natural disaster, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or

                ``(ii) in the case of a crop that is produced without a 
            significant and variable harvesting expense, such rate as 
            shall be determined by the Secretary.
        ``(2) Service fee and premium.--To be eligible to receive a 
    payment under this subsection, a producer shall pay--
            ``(A) the service fee required by subsection (k); and
            ``(B) the lesser of--
                ``(i) the sum of the premiums for each eligible crop, 
            with the premium for each eligible crop obtained by 
            multiplying--

                    ``(I) the number of acres devoted to the eligible 
                crop;
                    ``(II) the yield, as determined by the Secretary 
                under subsection (e);
                    ``(III) the coverage level elected by the producer;
                    ``(IV) the average market price, as determined by 
                the Secretary; and
                    ``(V) a 5.25-percent premium fee; or

                ``(ii) the product obtained by multiplying--

                    ``(I) a 5.25-percent premium fee; and
                    ``(II) the applicable payment limit.

        ``(3) Additional availability.--
            ``(A) In general.--As soon as practicable after October 1, 
        2013, the Secretary shall make assistance available to 
        producers of an otherwise eligible crop described in subsection 
        (a)(2) that suffered losses--
                ``(i) to a 2012 annual fruit crop grown on a bush or 
            tree; and
                ``(ii) in a county covered by a declaration by the 
            Secretary of a natural disaster for production losses due 
            to a freeze or frost.
            ``(B) Assistance.--The Secretary shall make assistance 
        available under subparagraph (A) in an amount equivalent to 
        assistance available under paragraph (1), less any fees not 
        previously paid under paragraph (2).
        ``(4) Limited resource, beginning, and socially disadvantaged 
    farmers.--The coverage made available under this subsection shall 
    be available to limited resource, beginning, and socially 
    disadvantaged farmers, as determined by the Secretary, in exchange 
    for a premium that is 50 percent of the premium determined under 
    paragraph (2).
        ``(5) Effective date.--Except as provided in paragraph (3)(A), 
    additional coverage under this subsection shall be available for 
    each of the 2015 through 2018 crop years.''.
    (b) Prohibition on Catastrophic Risk Protection.--Section 508(b) of 
the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(b)) is amended by 
striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Coverage availability.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the Corporation shall offer a catastrophic risk protection plan 
        to indemnify producers for crop loss due to loss of yield or 
        prevented planting, if provided by the Corporation, when the 
        producer is unable, because of drought, flood, or other natural 
        disaster (as determined by the Secretary), to plant other crops 
        for harvest on the acreage for the crop year.
            ``(B) Exception.--Coverage described in subparagraph (A) 
        shall not be available for crops and grasses used for 
        grazing.''.
SEC. 12306. ACER ACCESS AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary of Agriculture may make 
competitive grants to States, tribal governments, and research 
institutions to support the efforts of such States, tribal governments, 
and research institutions to promote the domestic maple syrup industry 
through the following activities:
        (1) Promotion of research and education related to maple syrup 
    production.
        (2) Promotion of natural resource sustainability in the maple 
    syrup industry.
        (3) Market promotion for maple syrup and maple-sap products.
        (4) Encouragement of owners and operators of privately held 
    land containing species of trees in the genus Acer--
            (A) to initiate or expand maple-sugaring activities on the 
        land; or
            (B) to voluntarily make the land available, including by 
        lease or other means, for access by the public for maple-
        sugaring activities.
    (b) Application.--In submitting an application for a competitive 
grant under this section, a State, tribal government, or research 
institution shall include--
        (1) a description of the activities to be supported using the 
    grant funds;
        (2) a description of the benefits that the State, tribal 
    government, or research institution intends to achieve as a result 
    of engaging in such activities; and
        (3) an estimate of the increase in maple-sugaring activities or 
    maple syrup production that the State, tribal government, or 
    research institution anticipates will occur as a result of engaging 
    in such activities.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed so as to preempt a State or tribal government law, including 
a State or tribal government liability law.
    (d) Definition of Maple-Sugaring.--In this section, the term 
``maple-sugaring'' means the collection of sap from any species of tree 
in the genus Acer for the purpose of boiling to produce food.
    (e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall promulgate 
such regulations as are necessary to carry out this section.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.
SEC. 12307. SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD.
    Section 8 of the Environmental Research, Development, and 
Demonstration Authorization Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 4365) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Committees.--
        ``(1) Member committees.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Board is authorized to establish 
        such member committees and investigative panels as the 
        Administrator and the Board determine to be necessary to carry 
        out this section.
            ``(B) Chairmanship.--Each member committee or investigative 
        panel established under this subsection shall be chaired by a 
        member of the Board.
        ``(2) Agriculture-related committees.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Administrator and the Board--
                ``(i) shall establish a standing agriculture-related 
            committee; and
                ``(ii) may establish such additional agriculture-
            related committees and investigative panels as the 
            Administrator and the Board determines to be necessary to 
            carry out the duties under subparagraph (C).
            ``(B) Membership.--The standing committee and each 
        agriculture-related committee or investigative panel 
        established under subparagraph (A) shall be--
                ``(i) composed of--

                    ``(I) such quantity of members as the Administrator 
                and the Board determines to be necessary; and
                    ``(II) individuals who are not members of the Board 
                on the date of appointment to the committee or 
                investigative panel; and

                ``(ii) appointed by the Administrator and the Board, in 
            consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture.
            ``(C) Duties.--The agriculture-related standing committee 
        and each additional committee and investigative panel 
        established under subparagraph (A) shall provide scientific and 
        technical advice to the Board relating to matters referred to 
        the Board that the Administrator and the Board determines, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, to have a 
        significant direct impact on enterprises that are engaged in 
        the business of the production of food and fiber, ranching and 
        raising livestock, aquaculture, and all other farming- and 
        agriculture-related industries.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Public Participation and Transparency.--The Board shall make 
every effort, consistent with applicable law, including section 552 of 
title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the `Freedom of 
Information Act') and section 552a of title 5, United States Code 
(commonly known as the `Privacy Act'), to maximize public participation 
and transparency, including making the scientific and technical advice 
of the Board and any committees or investigative panels of the Board 
publically available in electronic form on the website of the 
Environmental Protection Agency.
    ``(i) Report to Congress.--The Administrator shall annually report 
to the Committees on Environment and Public Works and Agriculture of 
the Senate and the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
Energy and Commerce, and Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
regarding the membership and activities of the standing agriculture-
related committee established pursuant to subsection (e)(2)(A)(i).''.
SEC. 12308.