[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 744 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 744

To provide for comprehensive immigration reform and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

               April 17 (legislative day, April 16), 2013

   Mr. Schumer (for himself, Mr. McCain, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Graham, Mr. 
    Menendez, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Bennet, and Mr. Flake) introduced the 
 following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on 
                             the Judiciary

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To provide for comprehensive immigration reform and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Border Security, 
Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Statement of congressional findings.
Sec. 3. Effective date triggers.
Sec. 4. Southern Border Security Commission.
Sec. 5. Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy and Southern 
                            Border Fencing Strategy.
Sec. 6. Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund.
Sec. 7. Reference to the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 8. Definitions.
                        TITLE I--BORDER SECURITY

Sec. 1101. Definitions.
Sec. 1102. Additional U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers.
Sec. 1103. National Guard support to secure the Southern border.
Sec. 1104. Enhancement of existing border security operations.
Sec. 1105. Border security on certain Federal land.
Sec. 1106. Equipment and technology.
Sec. 1107. Access to emergency personnel.
Sec. 1108. Southwest Border region prosecution initiative.
Sec. 1109. Interagency collaboration.
Sec. 1110. SCAAP reauthorization.
Sec. 1111. Use of force.
Sec. 1112. Training for border security and immigration enforcement 
                            officers.
Sec. 1113. Department of Homeland Security Border Oversight Task Force.
Sec. 1114. Immigration ombudsman.
Sec. 1115. Reports.
Sec. 1116. Severability.
                       TITLE II--IMMIGRANT VISAS

   Subtitle A--Registration and Adjustment of Registered Provisional 
                               Immigrants

Sec. 2101. Registered provisional immigrant status.
Sec. 2102. Adjustment of status of registered provisional immigrants.
Sec. 2103. The DREAM Act.
Sec. 2104. Additional requirements.
Sec. 2105. Criminal penalty.
Sec. 2106. Grant program to assist eligible applicants.
Sec. 2107. Conforming amendments to the Social Security Act.
Sec. 2108. Government contracting and acquisition of real property 
                            interest.
Sec. 2109. Long-term legal residents of the Commonwealth of the 
                            Northern Mariana Islands.
Sec. 2110. Rulemaking.
Sec. 2111. Statutory construction.
                Subtitle B--Agricultural Worker Program

Sec. 2201. Short title.
Sec. 2202. Definitions.
Chapter 1--Program for Earned Status Adjustment of Agricultural Workers

                     subchapter a--blue card status

Sec. 2211. Requirements for blue card status.
Sec. 2212. Adjustment to permanent resident status.
Sec. 2213. Use of information.
Sec. 2214. Reports on blue cards.
Sec. 2215. Authorization of appropriations.
          subchapter b--correction of social security records

Sec. 2221. Correction of social security records.
           Chapter 2--Nonimmigrant Agricultural Visa Program

Sec. 2231. Nonimmigrant classification for nonimmigrant agricultural 
                            workers.
Sec. 2232. Establishment of nonimmigrant agricultural worker program.
Sec. 2233. Transition of H-2A worker program.
Sec. 2234. Reports to Congress on nonimmigrant agricultural workers.
                      Chapter 3--Other Provisions

Sec. 2241. Rulemaking.
Sec. 2242. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 2243. Effective date.
                     Subtitle C--Future Immigration

Sec. 2301. Merit-based points track one.
Sec. 2302. Merit-based track two.
Sec. 2303. Repeal of the diversity visa program.
Sec. 2304. World-wide levels and recapture of unused immigrant visas.
Sec. 2305. Reclassification of spouses and minor children of lawful 
                            permanent residents as immediate relatives.
Sec. 2306. Numerical limitations on individual foreign states.
Sec. 2307. Allocation of immigrant visas.
Sec. 2308. V nonimmigrant visas.
Sec. 2309. Fiancee and fiance child status protection.
Sec. 2310. Equal treatment for all stepchildren.
Sec. 2311. International adoption harmonization.
Sec. 2312. Relief for orphans, widows, and widowers.
Sec. 2313. Discretionary authority with respect to removal, deportation 
                            or inadmissibility of citizen and resident 
                            immediate family members.
Sec. 2314. Waivers of inadmissibility.
Sec. 2315. Continuous presence.
Sec. 2316. Global health care cooperation.
Sec. 2317. Extension and improvement of the Iraqi special immigrant 
                            visa program.
Sec. 2318. Extension and improvement of the Afghan special immigrant 
                            visa program.
Sec. 2319. Elimination of sunsets for certain visa programs.
            Subtitle D--Conrad State 30 and Physician Access

Sec. 2401. Conrad State 30 Program.
Sec. 2402. Retaining physicians who have practiced in medically 
                            underserved communities.
Sec. 2403. Employment protections for physicians.
Sec. 2404. Allotment of Conrad 30 waivers.
Sec. 2405. Amendments to the procedures, definitions, and other 
                            provisions related to physician 
                            immigration.
                        Subtitle E--Integration

Sec. 2501. Definitions.
                Chapter 1--Citizenship and New Americans

         subchapter a--office of citizenship and new americans

Sec. 2511. Office of Citizenship and New Americans.
               subchapter b--task force on new americans

Sec. 2521. Establishment.
Sec. 2522. Purpose.
Sec. 2523. Membership.
Sec. 2524. Functions.
                 Chapter 2--Public-private Partnership

Sec. 2531. Establishment of United States Citizenship Foundation.
Sec. 2532. Funding.
Sec. 2533. Purposes.
Sec. 2534. Authorized activities.
Sec. 2535. Council of directors.
Sec. 2536. Powers.
Sec. 2537. Initial Entry, Adjustment, and Citizenship Assistance Grant 
                            Program.
Sec. 2538. Pilot program to promote immigrant integration at State and 
                            local levels.
Sec. 2539. Naturalization ceremonies.
                           Chapter 3--Funding

Sec. 2541. Authorization of appropriations.
              Chapter 4--Reduce Barriers to Naturalization

Sec. 2551. Waiver of English requirement for senior new Americans.
Sec. 2552. Filing of applications not requiring regular internet 
                            access.
                    TITLE III--INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT

               Subtitle A--Employment Verification System

Sec. 3101. Unlawful employment of unauthorized aliens.
Sec. 3102. Increasing security and integrity of social security cards.
Sec. 3103. Increasing security and integrity of immigration documents.
Sec. 3104. Responsibilities of the Social Security Administration.
Sec. 3105. Improved prohibition on discrimination based on national 
                            origin or citizenship status.
Sec. 3106. Rulemaking.
              Subtitle B--Protecting United States Workers

Sec. 3201. Protections for victims of serious violations of labor and 
                            employment law or crime.
Sec. 3202. Employment Verification System Education Funding.
Sec. 3203. Directive to the United States Sentencing Commission.
Sec. 3204. Confidentiality for victims of crime.
                      Subtitle C--Other Provisions

Sec. 3301. Funding.
Sec. 3302. Effective date.
Sec. 3303. Mandatory exit system.
Sec. 3304. Identity-theft resistant manifest information for 
                            passengers, crew, and non-crew onboard 
                            departing aircraft and vessels.
Sec. 3305. Profiling.
               Subtitle D--Asylum and Refugee Provisions

Sec. 3401. Time limits and efficient adjudication of genuine asylum 
                            claims.
Sec. 3402. Refugee family protections.
Sec. 3403. Clarification on designation of certain refugees.
Sec. 3404. Asylum determination efficiency.
Sec. 3405. Stateless persons in the United States.
Sec. 3406. U visa accessibility.
Sec. 3407. Representation at overseas refugee interviews.
    Subtitle E--Shortage of Immigration Court Resources for Removal 
                              Proceedings

Sec. 3501. Shortage of immigration court personnel for removal 
                            proceedings.
Sec. 3502. Improving immigration court efficiency and reducing costs by 
                            increasing access to legal information.
Sec. 3503. Office of Legal Access Programs.
Sec. 3504. Codifying Board of Immigration Appeals.
Sec. 3505. Improved training for immigration judges and Board Members.
Sec. 3506. Improved resources and technology for immigration courts and 
                            Board of Immigration Appeals.
 Subtitle F--Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Abuses Involving 
                        Workers Recruited Abroad

Sec. 3601. Definitions.
Sec. 3602. Disclosure.
Sec. 3603. Prohibition on discrimination.
Sec. 3604. Recruitment fees.
Sec. 3605. Registration.
Sec. 3606. Bonding requirement.
Sec. 3607. Maintenance of lists.
Sec. 3608. Amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 3609. Responsibilities of Secretary of State.
Sec. 3610. Enforcement provisions.
Sec. 3611. Rule of construction.
Sec. 3612. Regulations.
                    Subtitle G--Interior Enforcement

Sec. 3701. Criminal street gangs.
Sec. 3702. Banning habitual drunk drivers from the United States.
Sec. 3703. Sexual abuse of a minor.
Sec. 3704. Illegal entry.
Sec. 3705. Reentry of removed alien.
Sec. 3706. Penalties related to removal.
Sec. 3707. Reform of passport, visa, and immigration fraud offenses.
Sec. 3708. Combating schemes to defraud aliens.
Sec. 3709. Inadmissibility and removal for passport and immigration 
                            fraud offenses.
Sec. 3710. Directives related to passport and document fraud.
Sec. 3711. Inadmissible aliens.
Sec. 3712. Organized and abusive human smuggling activities.
Sec. 3713. Preventing criminals from renouncing citizenship during 
                            wartime.
Sec. 3714. Diplomatic security service.
Sec. 3715. Secure alternatives programs.
Sec. 3716. Oversight of detention facilities.
Sec. 3717. Procedures for bond hearings and filing of notices to 
                            appear.
Sec. 3718. Sanctions for countries that delay or prevent repatriation 
                            of their nationals.
Sec. 3719. Gross violations of human rights.
            TITLE IV--REFORMS TO NONIMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAMS

            Subtitle A--Employment-based Nonimmigrant Visas

Sec. 4101. Market-based H-1B visa limits.
Sec. 4102. Employment authorization for dependents of employment-based 
                            nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4103. Eliminating impediments to worker mobility.
Sec. 4104. STEM Education and Training.
           Subtitle B--H-1B Visa Fraud and Abuse Protections

           Chapter 1--H-1B Employer Application Requirements

Sec. 4211. Modification of application requirements.
Sec. 4212. Requirements for admission of nonimmigrant nurses in health 
                            professional shortage areas.
Sec. 4213. New application requirements.
Sec. 4214. Application review requirements.
 Chapter 2-- Investigation and Disposition of Complaints Against H-1B 
                               Employers

Sec. 4221. General modification of procedures for investigation and 
                            disposition.
Sec. 4222. Investigation, working conditions, and penalties.
Sec. 4223. Initiation of investigations.
Sec. 4224. Information sharing.
                      Chapter 3--Other Protections

Sec. 4231. Posting available positions through the Department of Labor.
Sec. 4232. H-1B government authority and requirements.
Sec. 4233. Requirements for information for H-1B and L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4234. Filing fee for H-1B-dependent employers.
Sec. 4235. Providing premium processing of employment-based visa 
                            petitions.
Sec. 4236. Technical correction.
Sec. 4237. Application.
             Subtitle C--L Visa Fraud and Abuse Protections

Sec. 4301. Prohibition on outplacement of L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4302. L employer petition requirements for employment at new 
                            offices.
Sec. 4303. Cooperation with Secretary of State.
Sec. 4304. Limitation on employment of L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4305. Filing fee for L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4306. Investigation and disposition of complaints against L 
                            nonimmigrant employers.
Sec. 4307. Penalties.
Sec. 4308. Prohibition on retaliation against L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4309. Reports on L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4310. Application.
Sec. 4311. Report on L blanket petition process.
                  Subtitle D--Other Nonimmigrant Visas

Sec. 4401. Nonimmigrant visas for students.
Sec. 4402. Classification for specialty occupation workers from free 
                            trade countries.
Sec. 4403. E-visa reform.
Sec. 4404. Other changes to nonimmigrant visas.
Sec. 4405. Treatment of nonimmigrants during adjudication of 
                            application.
Sec. 4406. Nonimmigrant elementary and secondary school students.
                          Subtitle E--JOLT Act

Sec. 4501. Short titles.
Sec. 4502. Premium processing.
Sec. 4503. Encouraging Canadian tourism to the United States.
Sec. 4504. Retiree visa.
Sec. 4505. Incentives for foreign visitors visiting the United States 
                            during low peak seasons.
Sec. 4506. Visa waiver program enhanced security and reform.
Sec. 4507. Expediting entry for priority visitors.
Sec. 4508. Visa processing.
              Subtitle F--Reforms to the H-2B Visa Program

Sec. 4601. Extension of returning worker exemption to H-2B numerical 
                            limitation.
Sec. 4602. Other requirements for H-2B employers.
Sec. 4603. Nonimmigrants participating in relief operations.
Sec. 4604. Nonimmigrants performing maintenance on common carriers.
                    Subtitle G--W Nonimmigrant Visas

Sec. 4701. Bureau of Immigration and Labor Market Research.
Sec. 4702. Nonimmigrant classification for W nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4703. Admission of W nonimmigrant workers.
  Subtitle H--Investing in New Venture, Entrepreneurial Startups, and 
                              Technologies

Sec. 4801. Nonimmigrant INVEST visas.
Sec. 4802. INVEST immigrant visa.
Sec. 4803. Administration and oversight.

SEC. 2. STATEMENT OF CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The passage of this Act recognizes that the primary 
        tenets of its success depend on securing the sovereignty of the 
        United States of America and establishing a coherent and just 
        system for integrating those who seek to join American society.
            (2) We have a right, and duty, to maintain and secure our 
        borders, and to keep our country safe and prosperous. As a 
        nation founded, built and sustained by immigrants we also have 
        a responsibility to harness the power of that tradition in a 
        balanced way that secures a more prosperous future for America.
            (3) We have always welcomed newcomers to the United States 
        and will continue to do so. But in order to qualify for the 
        honor and privilege of eventual citizenship, our laws must be 
        followed. The world depends on America to be strong -- 
        economically, militarily and ethically. The establishment of a 
        stable, just and efficient immigration system only supports 
        those goals. As a nation, we have the right and responsibility 
        to make our borders safe, to establish clear and just rules for 
        seeking citizenship, to control the flow of legal immigration, 
        and to eliminate illegal immigration, which in some cases has 
        become a threat to our national security.
            (4) All parts of this Act are premised on the right and 
        need of the United States to achieve these goals, and to 
        protect its borders and maintain its sovereignty.

SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE TRIGGERS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Southern 
        Border Security Commission established pursuant to section 4.
            (2) Comprehensive southern border security strategy.--The 
        term ``Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy'' means 
        the strategy established by the Secretary pursuant to section 
        5(a) to achieve and maintain an effectiveness rate of 90 
        percent or higher in all high risk border sectors.
            (3) Effective control.--The term ``effective control'' 
        means the ability to achieve and maintain, in a Border Patrol 
        sector--
                    (A) persistent surveillance; and
                    (B) an effectiveness rate of 90 percent or higher.
            (4) Effectiveness rate.--The ``effectiveness rate'', in the 
        case of a border sector, is the percentage calculated by 
        dividing the number of apprehensions and turn backs in the 
        sector during a fiscal year by the total number of illegal 
        entries in the sector during such fiscal year.
            (5) High risk border sector.--The term ``high risk border 
        sector'' means a border sector in which more than 30,000 
        individuals were apprehended during the most recent fiscal 
        year.
            (6) Southern border.--The term ``Southern border'' means 
        the international border between the United States and Mexico.
            (7) Southern border fencing strategy.--The term ``Southern 
        Border Fencing Strategy'' means the strategy established by the 
        Secretary pursuant to section 5(b) that identifies where 
        fencing, including double-layer fencing, should be deployed 
        along the Southern border.
    (b) Border Security Goal.--The Department's border security goal is 
to achieve and maintain effective control in high risk border sectors 
along the Southern border.
    (c) Triggers.--
            (1) Processing of applications for registered provisional 
        immigrant status.--Not earlier than the date upon which the 
        Secretary has submitted to Congress the Notice of Commencement 
        of implementation of the Comprehensive Southern Border Security 
        Strategy and the Southern Border Fencing Strategy under section 
        5 of this Act, the Secretary may commence processing 
        applications for registered provisional immigrant status 
        pursuant to section 245B of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act, as added by section 2101 of this Act.
            (2) Adjustment of status of registered provisional 
        immigrants.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary may not adjust the status of aliens 
                who have been granted registered provisional immigrant 
                status, except for aliens granted agriculture card 
                status under section 2201 of this Act or described in 
                section 245D(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
                until the Secretary, after consultation with the 
                Comptroller General of the United States, submits to 
                the President and Congress a written certification 
                that--
                            (i) the Comprehensive Southern Border 
                        Security Strategy has been submitted to 
                        Congress and is substantially deployed and 
                        substantially operational;
                            (ii) the Southern Border Fencing Strategy 
                        has been submitted to Congress, implemented, 
                        and is substantially completed;
                            (iii) the Secretary has implemented a 
                        mandatory employment verification system to be 
                        used by all employers to prevent unauthorized 
                        workers from obtaining employment in the United 
                        States; and
                            (iv) the Secretary is using an electronic 
                        exit system at air and sea ports of entry that 
                        operates by collecting machine-readable visa or 
                        passport information from air and vessel 
                        carriers.
                    (B) Exception.--The Secretary shall permit 
                registered provisional immigrants to apply for an 
                adjustment to lawful permanent resident status if--
                            (i)(I) litigation or a force majeure has 
                        prevented one or more of the conditions 
                        described in clauses (i) through (iv) of 
                        subparagraph (A) from being implemented; or
                            (II) the implementation of subparagraph (A) 
                        has been held unconstitutional by the Supreme 
                        Court of the United States or the Supreme Court 
                        has granted certiorari to the litigation on the 
                        constitutionality of implementation of 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) 10 years have elapsed since the date 
                        of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Waiver of Legal Requirements Necessary for Improvement at 
Borders.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary is 
authorized to waive all legal requirements that the Secretary 
determines to be necessary to ensure expeditious construction of the 
barriers, roads, or other physical tactical infrastructure needed to 
fulfill the requirements under this section. Any determination by the 
Secretary under this section shall be effective upon publication in the 
Federal Register.
    (e) Federal Court Review.--
            (1) In general.--The district courts of the United States 
        shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear all causes or claims 
        arising from any action undertaken, or any decision made, by 
        the Secretary under subsection (d). A cause of action or claim 
        may only be brought alleging a violation of the Constitution of 
        the United States. The court does not have jurisdiction to hear 
        any claim not specified in this paragraph.
            (2) Time for filing complaint.--If a cause or claim under 
        paragraph (1) is not filed within 60 days after the date of the 
        contested action or decision by the Secretary, the claim shall 
        be barred.
            (3) Appellate review.--An interlocutory or final judgment, 
        decree, or order of the district court may be reviewed only 
        upon petition for a writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court of 
        the United States.

SEC. 4. SOUTHERN BORDER SECURITY COMMISSION.

    (a) Establishment.--If Secretary certifies that the Department has 
not achieved effective control in all high risk border sectors during 
any fiscal year beginning before the date that is 5 years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, not later than 60 days after the 
date of the certification there shall be established a commission to be 
known as the ``Southern Border Security Commission'' (referred to in 
this section as the ``Commission'').
    (b) Composition.--
            (1) In general.--The Commission shall be composed of--
                    (A) 2 members who shall be appointed by the 
                President;
                    (B) 2 members who shall be appointed by the 
                President pro tempore of the Senate, of which--
                            (i) 1 shall be appointed upon the 
                        recommendation of the leader in the Senate of 
                        the political party that is not the political 
                        party of the President; and
                            (ii) 1 shall be appointed upon the 
                        recommendation of the leader in the Senate of 
                        the other political party;
                    (C) 2 members who shall be appointed by the Speaker 
                of the House of Representatives, of which--
                            (i) 1 shall be appointed upon the 
                        recommendation of the leader in the House of 
                        Representatives of the political party that is 
                        not the political party of the President; and
                            (ii) 1 shall be appointed upon the 
                        recommendation of the leader in the House of 
                        Representatives of the other political party; 
                        and
                    (D) 4 members, consisting of 1 member from each of 
                the States along the Southern border, who shall be--
                            (i) the Governor of such State; or
                            (ii) appointed by the Governor of each such 
                        State.
            (2) Qualification for appointment.--Appointed members of 
        the Commission shall be distinguished individuals noted for 
        their knowledge and experience in the field of border security 
        at the Federal, State, or local level.
            (3) Time of appointment.--The appointments required by 
        paragraph (1) shall be made not later than 60 days after the 
        Secretary makes a certification described in subsection (a).
            (4) Chair.--At the first meeting of the Commission, a 
        majority of the members of the Commission present and voting 
        shall elect the Chair of the Commission.
            (5) Vacancies.--Any vacancy of the Commission shall not 
        affect its powers, but shall be filled in the manner in which 
        the original appointment was made.
            (6) Rules.--The Commission shall establish the rules and 
        procedures of the Commission which shall require the approval 
        of at least 6 members of the Commission.
    (c) Duties.--The Commission's primary responsibility shall be 
making recommendations to the President, the Secretary, and Congress on 
policies to achieve and maintain the border security goal specified in 
section 3(b) by achieving and maintaining--
            (1) the capability to engage in, and to engage in, 
        persistent surveillance in high risk border sectors along the 
        Southern border; and
            (2) an effectiveness rate of 90 percent or higher in all 
        high risk border sectors along the Southern border.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the end of the 5-year 
period described in subsection (a), the Commission shall submit to the 
President, the Secretary, and Congress a report setting forth specific 
recommendations for policies for achieving and maintaining the border 
security goals specified in subsection (c). The report shall include, 
at a minimum, recommendations for the personnel, infrastructure, 
technology, and other resources required to achieve and maintain an 
effectiveness rate of 90 percent or higher in all high risk border 
sectors.
    (e) Travel Expenses.--Members of the Commission shall be allowed 
travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence rates 
authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 
of title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes or regular 
places of business in the performance of services for the Commission.
    (f) Administrative Support.--The Secretary shall provide the 
Commission such staff and administrative services as may be necessary 
and appropriate for the Commission to perform its functions. Any 
employee of the executive branch of Government may be detailed to the 
Commission without reimbursement to the agency of that employee and 
such detail shall be without interruption or loss of civil service or 
status or privilege.
    (g) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall review the recommendations in the report submitted 
under subsection (d) in order to determine--
            (1) whether any of the recommendations are likely to 
        achieve effective control in all high risk border sectors;
            (2) which recommendations are most likely to achieve 
        effective control; and
            (3) whether such recommendations are feasible within 
        existing budget constraints.
    (h) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate 30 days after the 
date on which the report is submitted under subsection (d).

SEC. 5. COMPREHENSIVE SOUTHERN BORDER SECURITY STRATEGY AND SOUTHERN 
              BORDER FENCING STRATEGY.

    (a) Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a 
        strategy, to be known as the ``Comprehensive Southern Border 
        Security Strategy'', for achieving and maintaining effective 
        control between the ports of entry in all high risk border 
        sectors along the Southern border, to--
                    (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
                of Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (E) the Comptroller General of the United States.
            (2) Elements.--The Comprehensive Southern Border Security 
        Strategy shall specify--
                    (A) the priorities that must be met for the 
                strategy to be successfully executed;
                    (B) the capabilities that must be obtained to meet 
                each of the priorities referred to in subparagraph (A), 
                including--
                            (i) surveillance and detection capabilities 
                        developed or used by the Department of Defense 
                        to increase situational awareness; and
                            (ii) the requirement for stationing 
                        sufficient Border Patrol agents and Customs and 
                        Border Protection officers at and between ports 
                        of entry along the Southern border; and
                    (C) the resources, including personnel, 
                infrastructure, and technology that must be procured 
                and successfully deployed to obtain the capabilities 
                referred to in subparagraph (B), including--
                            (i) fixed, mobile, and agent portable 
                        surveillance systems; and
                            (ii) unarmed, unmanned aerial systems and 
                        unarmed, fixed-wing aircraft and necessary and 
                        qualified staff and equipment to fully utilize 
                        such systems.
            (3) Additional elements regarding execution.--The 
        Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy shall 
        describe--
                    (A) how the resources referred to in paragraph 
                (2)(C) will be properly aligned with the priorities 
                referred to in paragraph (2)(A) to ensure that the 
                strategy will be successfully executed;
                    (B) the interim goals that must be accomplished to 
                successfully implement the strategy; and
                    (C) the schedule and supporting milestones under 
                which the Department will accomplish the interim goals 
                referred to in subparagraph (B).
            (4) Implementation.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall commence the 
                implementation of the Comprehensive Southern Border 
                Security Strategy immediately after submitting the 
                strategy under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Notice of commencement.--Upon commencing the 
                implementation of the strategy, the Secretary shall 
                submit a notice of commencement of such implementation 
                to--
                            (i) Congress; and
                            (ii) the Comptroller General of the United 
                        States.
            (5) Semiannual reports.--
                    (A) In general.--After the Comprehensive Southern 
                Border Security Strategy is submitted under paragraph 
                (1),the Secretary shall submit, not later than May 15 
                and November 15 of each year, a report on the status of 
                the Department's implementation of the strategy to--
                            (i) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                        Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                            (ii) the Committee on Homeland Security of 
                        the House of Representatives;
                            (iii) the Committee on Appropriations of 
                        the Senate; and
                            (iv) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                        House of Representatives.
                    (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            (i) a detailed description of the steps the 
                        Department has taken, or plans to take, to 
                        execute the strategy submitted under paragraph 
                        (1), including the progress made toward 
                        achieving the interim goals and milestone 
                        schedule established pursuant to subparagraphs 
                        (B) and (C) of paragraph (3);
                            (ii) a detailed description of--
                                    (I) any impediments identified in 
                                the Department's efforts to execute the 
                                strategy;
                                    (II) the actions the Department has 
                                taken, or plans to take, to address 
                                such impediments; and
                                    (III) any additional measures 
                                developed by the Department to measure 
                                the state of security along the 
                                Southern border; and
                            (iii) for each Border Patrol sector along 
                        the Southern border--
                                    (I) the effectiveness rate for each 
                                individual Border Patrol sector and the 
                                aggregated effectiveness rate;
                                    (II) the number of recidivist 
                                apprehensions, sorted by Border Patrol 
                                sector; and
                                    (III) the recidivism rate for all 
                                unique subjects that received a 
                                criminal consequence through the 
                                Consequence Delivery System process.
    (b) Southern Border Fencing Strategy.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a 
        strategy, to be known as the ``Southern Border Fencing 
        Strategy'', to identify where fencing, including double-layer 
        fencing, infrastructure, and technology should be deployed 
        along the Southern border.
            (2) Submittal.--The Secretary shall submit the Southern 
        Border Fencing Strategy to Congress and the Comptroller General 
        of the United States for review.
            (3) Notice of commencement.--Upon commencing the 
        implementation of the Southern Border Fencing Strategy, the 
        Secretary shall submit a notice of commencement of the 
        implementation of the Strategy to Congress and the Comptroller 
        General of the United States.

SEC. 6. COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM TRUST FUND.

    (a) Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury a 
        separate account, to be known as the Comprehensive Immigration 
        Reform Trust Fund (referred to in this section as the ``Trust 
        Fund''), consisting of--
                    (A) amounts transferred from the general fund of 
                the Treasury under paragraph (2)(A); and
                    (B) proceeds from the fees described in paragraph 
                (2)(B).
            (2) Deposits.--
                    (A) Initial funding.--On the later of the date of 
                the enactment of this Act or October 1, 2013, 
                $6,500,000,000 shall be transferred from the general 
                fund of the Treasury to the Trust Fund.
                    (B) Start-up costs.--On the later of the date of 
                the enactment of this Act or October 1, 2013, 
                $100,000,000 is hereby appropriated from the general 
                fund of the Treasury, to remain available until 
                September 30, 2015, to the Department to pay for one-
                time and startup costs necessary to implement this Act,
                    (C) Ongoing funding.--In addition to the funding 
                described in subparagraph (A), the following amounts 
                shall be deposited in the trust fund:
                            (i) Electronic travel authorization system 
                        fees.--75 percent of the fees collected under 
                        section 217(h)(3)(B) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1187(h)(3)).
                            (ii) J-1 visa mitigation fees.--Mitigation 
                        fees collected from employers who employ aliens 
                        described in section 101(a)(15)(J) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1101(a)(15)(J)) through the Summer Work Travel 
                        Program.
                            (iii) H-1B visa fees.--Fees collected from 
                        employers hiring nonimmigrants described in 
                        section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) of the Immigration 
                        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 
                        (a)(15)(H)(i)(b)).
                            (iv) L-1 visa fees.--Fees collected under 
                        section 214(c)(12) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(12) from 
                        employers hiring a nonimmigrant described in 
                        section 101(a)(15)(L) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1101(a)(15)(L)).
                            (v) H-2B visa fees.--Fees collected from 
                        employers hiring nonimmigrants described in 
                        section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration 
                        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(15)(H)(i 
                        i)(b)) in the amount of $500 under section 214 
                        of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                        U.S.C. 1184).
                            (vi) F-1 visa fees.--Fees collected for 
                        nonimmigrants admitted under section 
                        101(a)(15)(F)(i) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F)(i)) in 
                        the amount of $500 under section 214 of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184)
                            (vii) Visitor visa fees.--Amend Section 214 
                        to add a $5 fee for visitor visas 
                        101(a)(15)(B).
                            (viii) Merit system green card fees.--
                        Include the fee charged in the document to get 
                        a ``merit system'' green card.
                            (ix) Other aliens.--An alien who is 
                        allocated a visa under section 211 shall pay a 
                        fee of $1,500.
                            (x) Penalty.--Penalties collected from 
                        applicants for provisional immigrant status 
                        under section 245B(c)(9)(C) of the Immigration 
                        and Nationality Act, as added by section 2101 
                        of this Act.
                            (xi) H-1b nonimmigrant dependent employer 
                        fees.--Fees collected under section 423(a)(2).
                            (xii) H-1B outplacement fee.--Fees 
                        collected under section 212(n)(1)(F)(ii) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
                        section 4201(d).
                            (xiii) L nonimmigrant dependent employer 
                        fees.--Fees collected under section 435(a)(2).
                            (xiv) Retiree visa fees.--Fees collected 
                        under section 101(a)(15)(Y) of the Immigration 
                        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(Y)).
                            (xv) Nonimmigrants performing maintenance 
                        on common carriers.--Fees collected under 
                        subsection (z) of section 214 of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1184), as added by section 4604.
            (3) Use of funds.--
                    (A) Initial funding.--Of the amounts transferred to 
                the Trust Fund pursuant to paragraph (2)(A)--
                            (i) $3,000,000,000 shall be made available 
                        to the Secretary, during the 5-year period 
                        beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act, to carry out the Comprehensive Southern 
                        Border Security Strategy;
                            (ii) $2,000,000,000 shall be made available 
                        to the Secretary, during the 10-year period 
                        beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act, to carry out programs, projects, and 
                        activities recommended by the Commission 
                        pursuant to section 4(c) to achieve and 
                        maintain the border security goal specified in 
                        section 3(b); and
                            (iii) $1,500,000,000 shall be made 
                        available to the Secretary, during the 5-year 
                        period beginning on the date of the enactment 
                        of this Act, to procure and deploy additional 
                        fencing in high-risk border sectors in 
                        accordance with the Southern Border Fencing 
                        Strategy established pursuant to section 5(b).
                    (B) Ongoing funding.--Of the amounts deposited into 
                the Trust Fund pursuant to paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) $50,000,000 shall be available during 
                        each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2018 to 
                        carry out the activities described in section 
                        1104(a)(1); and
                            (ii) $50,000,000 shall be available during 
                        each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2018 to 
                        carry out the activities described in section 
                        1104(b).
    (b) Limitation on Collection.--No fee described in paragraph (2)(B) 
may be collected under this Act except to the extent that the 
expenditure of the fee to pay the costs of activities and services for 
which the fee is imposed is provided for in advance in an 
appropriations Act.
    (c) Receipts Collected as Offsetting Receipts.--Notwithstanding 
section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, any fee collected under 
this Act--
            (1) shall be credited as offsetting collections to the 
        Trust Fund;
            (2) shall be available for expenditure only to pay the 
        costs of activities and services authorized from the Trust 
        Fund; and
            (3) shall remain available until expended.
    (d) Determination of Budgetary Effects.--
            (1) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
        In the Senate, amounts made available under this section are 
        designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
        403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
        resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
            (2) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
        made available under this section are designated as an 
        emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory Pay-
        As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 933(g)).

SEC. 7. REFERENCE TO THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).

SEC. 8. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Department.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
        ``Department'' means the Department of Homeland Security.
            (2) Secretary.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
        ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Homeland Security.

                        TITLE I--BORDER SECURITY

SEC. 1101. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Rural, high-trafficked areas.--The term ``rural, high-
        trafficked areas'' means rural areas through which drugs and 
        undocumented aliens are routinely smuggled, as designated by 
        the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
            (2) Southern border.--The term ``Southern border'' means 
        the international border between the United States and Mexico.
            (3) Southwest border region.--The term ``Southwest border 
        region'' means the area in the United States that is within 100 
        miles of the Southern border.

SEC. 1102. ADDITIONAL U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION OFFICERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than September 30, 2017, the Secretary 
shall increase the number of trained U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
officers by 3,500, compared to the number of such officers as of the 
date of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall make progress in 
increasing such number of officers during each of the fiscal years 2014 
through 2017.
    (b) Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) may be interpreted to 
preclude the Secretary from reassigning or stationing U.S. Customs and 
Border protection officers and agents from the Northern border to the 
Southern border.
    (c) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated, from the 
Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
6(a)(1), such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 1103. NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO SECURE THE SOUTHERN BORDER.

    (a) In General.--With the approval of the Secretary of Defense, the 
Governor of a State may order any units or personnel of the National 
Guard of such State to perform operations and missions under section 
502(f) of title 32, United States Code, in the Southwest Border region 
for the purposes of assisting U.S. Customs and Border Protection in 
securing the Southern border.
    (b) Assignment of Operations and Missions.--
            (1) In general.--National Guard units and personnel 
        deployed under subsection (a) may be assigned such operations 
        and missions specified in subsection (c) as may be necessary to 
        secure the Southern border.
            (2) Nature of duty.--The duty of National Guard personnel 
        performing operations and missions described in paragraph (1) 
        shall be full-time duty under title 32, United States Code.
    (c) Range of Operations and Missions.--The operations and missions 
assigned under subsection (b) shall include the temporary authority--
            (1) to construct fencing, including double-layer and 
        triple-layer fencing;
            (2) to increase ground-based mobile surveillance systems;
            (3) to deploy additional unmanned aerial systems and manned 
        aircraft sufficient to maintain continuous surveillance of the 
        Southern Border;
            (4) to deploy and provide capability for radio 
        communications interoperability between U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection and State, local, and tribal law enforcement 
        agencies;
            (5) to construct checkpoints along the Southern border to 
        bridge the gap to long-term permanent checkpoints; and
            (6) to provide assistance to U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection, particularly in rural, high-trafficked areas, as 
        designated by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection.
    (d) Materiel and Logistical Support.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall deploy such materiel and equipment and logistical support as may 
be necessary to ensure success of the operations and missions conducted 
by the National Guard under this section.
    (e) Exclusion From National Guard Personnel Strength Limitations.--
National Guard personnel deployed under subsection (a) shall not be 
included in--
            (1) the calculation to determine compliance with limits on 
        end strength for National Guard personnel; or
            (2) limits on the number of National Guard personnel that 
        may be placed on active duty for operational support under 
        section 115 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 1104. ENHANCEMENT OF EXISTING BORDER SECURITY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Border Crossing Prosecutions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, shall--
                    (A) increase the number of border crossing 
                prosecutions in the Tucson Sector of the Southwest 
                Border region to up to 210 prosecutions per day by 
                increasing the funding available for--
                            (i) attorneys and administrative support 
                        staff in the Tucson United States Attorney 
                        Office;
                            (ii) support staff and interpreters in the 
                        Tucson Court Clerks Office;
                            (iii) pre-trial services;
                            (iv) activities of the Tucson Federal 
                        Public Defenders Office; and
                            (v) additional marshals in the Tucson 
                        United States Marshals Office to perform 
                        intake, coordination, transportation, and court 
                        security; and
                    (B) reimburse State, local, and tribal law 
                enforcement agencies for any detention costs related to 
                the border crossing prosecutions carried out pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A).
            (2) Additional magistrate judges to assist with increased 
        caseload.--The chief judge of the United States District Court 
        for the District of Arizona is authorized to appoint additional 
        full-time magistrate judges, who, consistent with the 
        Constitution and laws of the United States, shall have the 
        authority to hear cases and controversies in the judicial 
        district in which the respective judges are appointed.
            (3) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated, from 
        the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established 
        under section 6(a)(1), such sums as may be necessary to carry 
        out this subsection.
    (b) Operation Stonegarden.--
            (1) In general.--The Federal Emergency Management Agency 
        shall enhance law enforcement preparedness and operational 
        readiness along the borders of the United States through 
        Operation Stonegarden. The amounts available under this 
        paragraph are in addition to any other amounts otherwise made 
        available for Operation Stonegarden. Not less than 90 percent 
        of the amounts made available under section 5(a)(3)(B)(ii) 
        shall be allocated for grants and reimbursements to law 
        enforcement agencies in the States in the Southwest Border 
        region for personnel, overtime, travel, and other costs related 
        to illegal immigration and drug smuggling in the Southwest 
        Border region.
            (2) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated, from 
        the amounts made available under section 6(a)(3)(A)(i), such 
        sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.
    (c) Infrastructure Improvements.--
            (1) Border patrol stations.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) construct additional Border Patrol stations in 
                the Southwest Border region that U.S. Border Patrol 
                determines are needed to provide full operational 
                support in rural, high-trafficked areas; and
                    (B) analyze the feasibility of creating additional 
                Border Patrol sectors along the Southern border to 
                interrupt drug trafficking operations.
            (2) Forward operating bases.--The Secretary shall enhance 
        the security of the Southwest Border region by--
                    (A) establishing additional permanent forward 
                operating bases for the Border Patrol, as needed;
                    (B) upgrading the existing forward operating bases 
                to include modular buildings, electricity, and potable 
                water; and
                    (C) ensuring that forward operating bases surveil 
                and interdict individuals entering the United States 
                unlawfully immediately after such individuals cross the 
                Southern border.
            (3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 
        such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 1105. BORDER SECURITY ON CERTAIN FEDERAL LAND.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Federal lands.--The term ``Federal lands'' includes all 
        land under the control of the Secretary concerned that is 
        located within the Southwest border region in the State of 
        Arizona along the international border between the United 
        States and Mexico.
            (2) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
        means--
                    (A) with respect to land under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of 
                Agriculture; and
                    (B) with respect to land under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of the 
                Interior.
    (b) Support for Border Security Needs.--To achieve effective 
control of Federal lands--
            (1) the Secretary concerned, notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, shall authorize and provide U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection personnel with immediate access to Federal 
        lands for security activities, including--
                    (A) routine motorized patrols; and
                    (B) the deployment of communications, surveillance, 
                and detection equipment;
            (2) the security activities described in paragraph (1) 
        shall be conducted, to the maximum extent practicable, in a 
        manner that the Secretary determines will best protect the 
        natural and cultural resources on Federal lands; and
            (3) the Secretary concerned may provide education and 
        training to U.S. Customs and Border Protection on the natural 
        and cultural resources present on individual Federal land 
        units.
    (c) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement.--
            (1) In general.--After implementing subsection (b), the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Secretaries concerned, 
        shall prepare and publish in the Federal Register a notice of 
        intent to prepare a programmatic environmental impact statement 
        in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 
        1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) to analyze the impacts of the 
        activities described in subsection (b).
            (2) Effect on processing application and special use 
        permits.--The pending completion of a programmatic 
        environmental impact statement under this section shall not 
        result in any delay in the processing or approving of 
        applications or special use permits by the Secretaries 
        concerned for the activities described in subsection (b).
            (3) Amendment of land use plans.--The Secretaries concerned 
        shall amend any land use plans, as appropriate, upon completion 
        of the programmatic environmental impact statement described in 
        subsection (b).
            (4) Scope of programmatic environmental impact statement.--
        The programmatic environmental impact statement described in 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) may be used to advise the Secretary on the 
                impact on natural and cultural resources on Federal 
                lands; and
                    (B) shall not control, delay, or restrict actions 
                by the Secretary to achieve effective control on 
                Federal lands.
    (d) Intermingled State and Private Land.--This section shall not 
apply to any private or State-owned land within the boundaries of 
Federal lands.

SEC. 1106. EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Enhancements.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection, working through U.S. Border Patrol, shall--
            (1) deploy additional mobile, video, and agent-portable 
        surveillance systems, and unmanned aerial vehicles in the 
        Southwest Border region as necessary to provide 24-hour 
        operation and surveillance;
            (2) operate unarmed unmanned aerial vehicles along the 
        Southern border for 24 hours per day and for 7 days per week;
            (3) deploy unarmed additional fixed-wing aircraft and 
        helicopters along the Southern border;
            (4) acquire new rotocraft and make upgrades to the existing 
        helicopter fleet; and
            (5) increase horse patrols in the Southwest Border region.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--In addition to amounts 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated, there is authorized to be 
appropriated to U.S. Customs and Border Protection such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out subsection (a) during fiscal years 2014 through 
2018.

SEC. 1107. ACCESS TO EMERGENCY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Southwest Border Region Emergency Communications Grants.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        governors of the States in the Southwest Border region, shall 
        establish a 2-year grant program, to be administered by the 
        Secretary, to improve emergency communications in the Southwest 
        Border region.
            (2) Eligibility for grants.--An individual is eligible to 
        receive a grant under this subsection if the individual 
        demonstrates that he or she--
                    (A) regularly resides or works in the Southwest 
                Border region;
                    (B) is at greater risk of border violence due to 
                the lack of cellular service at his or her residence or 
                business and his or her proximity to the Southern 
                border.
            (3) Use of grants.--Grants awarded under this subsection 
        may be used to purchase satellite telephone communications 
        systems and service that--
                    (A) can provide access to 9-1-1 service; and
                    (B) are equipped with global positioning systems.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
        the grant program established under this subsection.
    (b) Interoperable Communications for Law Enforcement.--
            (1) Federal law enforcement.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated, to the Department, the Department of Justice, and 
        the Department of the Interior, during the 5-year period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, such sums 
        as may be necessary--
                    (A) to purchase, through a competitive procurement 
                process, P25-compliant radios, which may include a 
                multi-band option, for Federal law enforcement agents 
                working in the Southwest Border region in support of 
                the activities of U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
                and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, including 
                law enforcement agents of the Drug Enforcement 
                Administration, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
                Firearms and Explosives, the Department of the 
                Interior, and the Forest Service; and
                    (B) to upgrade, through a competitive procurement 
                process, the communications network of the Department 
                of Justice to ensure coverage and capacity, 
                particularly when immediate access is needed in times 
                of crisis, in the Southwest Border region for 
                appropriate law enforcement personnel of the Department 
                of Justice (including the Drug Enforcement 
                Administration and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
                Firearms and Explosives), the Department (including 
                U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and U.S. 
                Customs and Border Protection), the United States 
                Marshals Service, other Federal agencies, the State of 
                Arizona, tribes, and local governments.
            (2) State and local law enforcement.--
                    (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
                Justice, during the 5-year period beginning on the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, such sums as may be 
                necessary to purchase, through a competitive 
                procurement process, P25-compliant radios, which may 
                include a multi-band option, for State and local law 
                enforcement agents working in the Southwest Border 
                region.
                    (B) Access to federal spectrum.--If a State, 
                tribal, or local law enforcement agency in the 
                Southwest Border region experiences an emergency 
                situation that necessitates immediate communication 
                with the Department of Justice, the Department, the 
                Department of the Interior, or any of their respective 
                subagencies, such law enforcement agency shall have 
                access to the spectrum assigned to such Federal agency 
                for the duration of such emergency situation.

SEC. 1108. SOUTHWEST BORDER REGION PROSECUTION INITIATIVE.

    (a) Reimbursement to State and Local Prosecutors for Federally 
Initiated Criminal Cases.--The Attorney General shall reimburse State, 
county, tribal, and municipal governments for costs associated with the 
prosecution and pre-trial detention of Federally initiated criminal 
cases declined by local offices of the United States Attorneys.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out subsection (a) 
during fiscal years 2014 through 2018 .

SEC. 1109. INTERAGENCY COLLABORATION.

    The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
shall collaborate with the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for 
Science and Technology to identify equipment and technology used by the 
Department of Defense that could be used by U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection to improve the security of the Southern border by--
            (1) detecting border tunnels;
            (2) detecting the use of ultralight aircraft;
            (3) enhancing wide aerial surveillance; and
            (4) otherwise improving the enforcement of such border.

SEC. 1110. SCAAP REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 241(i)(5)(C) (8 U.S.C. 1231(i)(5)) is amended by striking 
``2011'' and inserting ``2015''.

SEC. 1111. USE OF FORCE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Assistant Attorney General 
for the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, shall issue 
policies governing the use of force by all Department personnel that--
            (1) require all Department personnel to report each use of 
        force; and
            (2) establish procedures for--
                    (A) accepting and investigating complaints 
                regarding the use of force by Department personnel;
                    (B) disciplining Department personnel who violate 
                any law or Department policy relating to the use of 
                force; and
                    (C) reviewing all uses of force by Department 
                personnel to determine whether the use of force--
                            (i) complied with Department policy; or
                            (ii) demonstrates the need for changes in 
                        policy, training, or equipment.

SEC. 1112. TRAINING FOR BORDER SECURITY AND IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT 
              OFFICERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection officers, U.S. Border Patrol officers, U.S. 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents, and agriculture specialists 
stationed within 100 miles of any land or marine border of the United 
States or at any United States port of entry receive appropriate 
training, which shall be prepared in collaboration with the Assistant 
Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division of the Department of 
Justice, in--
            (1) identifying and detecting fraudulent travel documents;
            (2) civil, constitutional, human, and privacy rights of 
        individuals;
            (3) the scope of enforcement authorities, including 
        interrogations, stops, searches, seizures, arrests, and 
        detentions;
            (4) the use of force policies issued by the Secretary 
        pursuant to section 1111;
            (5) immigration laws, including screening, identifying, and 
        addressing vulnerable populations, such as children, victims of 
        crime and human trafficking, and individuals fleeing 
        persecution or torture;
            (6) social and cultural sensitivity toward border 
        communities;
            (7) the impact of border operations on communities; and
            (8) any particular environmental concerns in a particular 
        area.
    (b) Training for Border Community Liaison Officers.--The Secretary 
shall ensure that border communities liaison officers in Border Patrol 
sectors along the international borders between the United States and 
Mexico and between the United States and Canada receive training to 
better--
            (1) act as a liaison between border communities and the 
        Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department 
        and the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice;
            (2) foster and institutionalize consultation with border 
        communities;
            (3) consult with border communities on Department programs, 
        policies, strategies, and directives; and
            (4) receive Department performance assessments from border 
        communities.

SEC. 1113. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BORDER OVERSIGHT TASK FORCE.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--There is established an independent task 
        force, which shall be known as the Department of Homeland 
        Security Border Oversight Task Force (referred to in this 
        section as the ``DHS Task Force'').
            (2) Duties.--The DHS Task Force shall--
                    (A) review and make recommendations regarding 
                immigration and border enforcement policies, 
                strategies, and programs that take into consideration 
                their impact on border communities;
                    (B) recommend ways in which the Border Communities 
                Liaison Offices can strengthen relations and 
                collaboration between communities in the border regions 
                and the Department, the Department of Justice, and 
                other Federal agencies that carry out such policies, 
                strategies, and programs;
                    (C) evaluate how the policies, strategies, and 
                programs of Federal agencies operating along the 
                international borders between the United States and 
                Mexico and between the United States and Canada protect 
                the due process, civil, and human rights of border 
                residents, visitors, and migrants at and near such 
                borders; and
                    (D) evaluate and make recommendations regarding the 
                training of border enforcement personnel described in 
                section 1112.
            (3) Membership.--
                    (A) In general.--The DHS Task Force shall be 
                composed of 26 members, appointed by the President, who 
                have expertise in migration, local crime indices, civil 
                and human rights, community relations, cross-border 
                trade and commerce, quality of life indicators, or 
                other pertinent experience, of whom--
                            (i) 11 members shall be from the Northern 
                        border region and shall include--
                                    (I) 2 local government elected 
                                officials;
                                    (II) 2 local law enforcement 
                                official;
                                    (III) 2 civil rights advocates;
                                    (IV) 1 business representative;
                                    (V) 1 higher education 
                                representative;
                                    (VI) 1 representative of a faith 
                                community; and
                                    (VII) 2 representatives of U.S. 
                                Border Patrol; and
                            (ii) 15 members shall be from the Southern 
                        border region and include--
                                    (I) 3 local government elected 
                                officials;
                                    (II) 3 local law enforcement 
                                officials;
                                    (III) 3 civil rights advocates;
                                    (IV) 2 business representatives;
                                    (V) 1 higher education 
                                representative;
                                    (VI) 1 representative of a faith 
                                community; and
                                    (VII) 2 representatives of U.S. 
                                Border Patrol.
                    (B) Nongovernmental appointees.--Individuals 
                appointed as members of the DHS Task Force may not be 
                employed by the Federal Government.
                    (C) Term of service.--Members of the Task Force 
                shall be appointed for the shorter of--
                            (i) 3 years; or
                            (ii) the life of the DHS Task Force.
                    (D) Chair, vice chair.--The members of the DHS Task 
                Force shall elect a Chair and a Vice Chair from among 
                its members, who shall serve in such capacities for the 
                life of the DHS Task Force or until removed by the 
                majority vote of at least 14 members.
    (b) Operations.--
            (1) Hearings.--The DHS Task Force may, for the purpose of 
        carrying out its duties, hold hearings, sit and act, take 
        testimony, receive evidence, and administer oaths.
            (2) Recommendations.--The DHS Task Force may make findings 
        or recommendations to the Secretary related to the duties 
        described in subsection (a)(2).
            (3) Response.--Not later than 180 days after receiving the 
        findings and recommendations from the DHS Task Force under 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall issue a response that 
        describes how the Department has addressed, or will address, 
        such findings and recommendations.
            (4) Information from federal agencies.--The Chair, or 16 
        members of the DHS Task Force, may request statistics relating 
        to the duties described in subsection (a)(2) directly from any 
        Federal agency, which shall, to the extent authorized by law, 
        furnish such information, suggestions, estimates, and 
        statistics directly to the DHS Task Force.
            (5) Compensation.--Members of the DHS Task Force shall 
        serve without pay, but shall be reimbursed for reasonable 
        travel and subsistence expenses incurred in the performance of 
        their duties.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after its first meeting, the 
DHS Task Force shall submit a final report to the President, Congress, 
and the Secretary that contains--
            (1) findings with respect to the duties of the DHS Task 
        Force; and
            (2) recommendations regarding border and immigration 
        enforcement policies, strategies, and programs, including--
                    (A) a recommendation as to whether the DHS Task 
                Force should continue to operate; and
                    (B) a description of any duties the DHS Task Force 
                should be responsible for after the termination date 
                described in subsection (e).
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section 
for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2017.
    (e) Sunset.--The DHS Task Force shall terminate operations 60 days 
after the date on which the DHS Task Force submits the report described 
in subsection (c).

SEC. 1114. IMMIGRATION OMBUDSMAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 452 of the Homeland Security Act (6 U.S.C. 
272) is amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows:

``SEC. 452. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION OMBUDSMAN.'';

            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services Ombudsman'' and inserting ``DHS 
        Immigration Ombudsman'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Director of the 
        Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services'' and inserting 
        ``Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the 
        Assistant Secretary, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
        the Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection'';
            (4) in subsections (d)(4) and (f), by striking ``Director 
        of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services'' each 
        place such term appears and inserting ``Director, U.S. 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services, the Assistant Secretary, 
        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Commissioner, 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection'';
            (5) in subsection (f), by striking ``director'' each place 
        such term appears and inserting ``official''; and
            (6) by striking ``the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services'' each place it appears and inserting ``U.S. 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services, U.S. Immigration and 
        Customs Enforcement, or U.S. Customs and Border Protection''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1 of the 
Homeland Security Act (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 452 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 452. Department of Homeland Security Immigration Ombudsman.''.

SEC. 1115. REPORTS.

    (a) Report on Certain Border Matters.--The Secretary shall submit a 
report to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives that sets forth--
            (1) the effectiveness rate (as defined in section 2(a)(4)) 
        for each Border Patrol sector along the Northern border and the 
        Southern border;
            (2) the number of miles along the Southern border that is 
        under persistent surveillance;
            (3) the monthly wait times per passenger, including data on 
        averages and peaks, for crossing the Southern border, and the 
        staffing of such border crossings; and
            (4) the allocations at each port of entry along the 
        Southern border.
    (b) Report on Interagency Collaboration.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the Under 
Secretary of Homeland Security for Science and Technology shall jointly 
submit a report on the results of the interagency collaboration under 
section 1109 to--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (2) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate;
            (3) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (4) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1116. SEVERABILITY.

    If any provision of this Act or any amendment made by this Act, or 
any application of such provision or amendment to any person or 
circumstance, is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of the 
provisions of this Act and the amendments made by this Act and the 
application of the provision or amendment to any other person or 
circumstance shall not be affected.

                       TITLE II--IMMIGRANT VISAS

   Subtitle A--Registration and Adjustment of Registered Provisional 
                               Immigrants

SEC. 2101. REGISTERED PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANT STATUS.

    (a) Authorization.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et seq.) 
is amended by inserting after section 245A the following:

``SEC. 245B. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF ELIGIBLE ENTRANTS BEFORE DECEMBER 
              31, 2011, TO THAT OF REGISTERED PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANT.

    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security (referred to in this section as the 
`Secretary'), after conducting the national security and law 
enforcement clearances required under subsection (c)(8), may grant 
registered provisional immigrant status to an alien who--
            ``(1) meets the eligibility requirements set forth in 
        subsection (b);
            ``(2) submits a completed application before the end of the 
        period set forth in subsection (c)(3); and
            ``(3) has paid the fee required under subsection (c)(10)(A) 
        and the penalty required under subsection (c)(10)(C), if 
        applicable.
    ``(b) Eligibility Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--An alien is not eligible for registered 
        provisional immigrant status unless the alien establishes, by a 
        preponderance of the evidence, that the alien meets the 
        requirements set forth in this subsection.
            ``(2) Physical presence.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The alien--
                            ``(i) shall be physically present in the 
                        United States on the date on which the alien 
                        submits an application for registered 
                        provisional immigrant status;
                            ``(ii) shall have been physically present 
                        in the United States on or before December 31, 
                        2011; and
                            ``(iii) shall have maintained continuous 
                        physical presence in the United States from 
                        December 31, 2011, until the date on which the 
                        alien is granted status as a registered 
                        provisional immigrant under this section.
                    ``(B) Break in physical presence.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), an alien who is absent from the 
                        United States without authorization after the 
                        date of the enactment of this section does not 
                        meet the continuous physical presence 
                        requirement set forth in subparagraph (A)(iii).
                            ``(ii) Exception.--An alien who departed 
                        from the United States after December 31, 2011 
                        will not be considered to have failed to 
                        maintain continuous presence in the United 
                        States if the alien's absences from the United 
                        States are brief, casual, and innocent whether 
                        or not such absences were authorized by the 
                        Secretary.
            ``(3) Grounds for ineligibility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), an alien is ineligible for registered 
                provisional immigrant status if the Secretary 
                determines that the alien--
                            ``(i) has a conviction for--
                                    ``(I) an offense classified as a 
                                felony in the convicting jurisdiction 
                                (other than a State or local offense 
                                for which an essential element was the 
                                alien's immigration status or a 
                                violation of this Act);
                                    ``(II) an aggravated felony (as 
                                defined in section 101(a)(43) at the 
                                time of the conviction);
                                    ``(III) 3 or more misdemeanor 
                                offenses (other than minor traffic 
                                offenses or State or local offenses for 
                                which an essential element was the 
                                alien's immigration status or a 
                                violation of this Act) if the alien was 
                                convicted on different dates for each 
                                of the 3 offenses;
                                    ``(IV) any offense under foreign 
                                law, except for a purely political 
                                offense, which, if the offense had been 
                                committed in the United States, would 
                                render the alien inadmissible under 
                                section 212(a) (excluding the 
                                paragraphs set forth in clause (ii)) or 
                                removable under section 237(a), except 
                                as provided in paragraph (3) of section 
                                237(a);
                                    ``(V) unlawful voting (as defined 
                                in section 237(a)(6));
                            ``(ii) is admissible under section 212(a), 
                        except that in determining an alien's 
                        admissibility--
                                    ``(I) paragraphs (4), (5), (7), and 
                                (9)(B) of section 212(a) shall not 
                                apply;
                                    ``(II) subparagraphs (A), (C), (D), 
                                (F), and (G) of section 212(a)(6) and 
                                paragraphs (9)(C) and (10)(B) of 
                                section 212(a) shall not apply unless 
                                based on the act of unlawfully entering 
                                the United States after the date of the 
                                enactment of the Border Security, 
                                Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                                Modernization Act; and
                                    ``(III) paragraphs (6)(B) and 
                                (9)(A) of section 212(a) shall not 
                                apply unless the relevant conduct began 
                                on or after the date on which the alien 
                                files an application for registered 
                                provisional immigrant status under this 
                                section;
                            ``(iii) the Secretary knows or has 
                        reasonable grounds to believe, is engaged in or 
                        is likely to engage after entry in any 
                        terrorist activity (as defined in section 
                        212(a)(3)(B)(iv)); or
                            ``(iv) was, on the date on which this Act 
                        was introduced in the Senate--
                                    ``(I) an alien lawfully admitted 
                                for permanent residence;
                                    ``(II) an alien admitted as a 
                                refugee under section 207 or granted 
                                asylum under section 208; or
                                    ``(III) an alien who, according to 
                                the records of the Secretary or the 
                                Secretary of State, is lawfully present 
                                in the United States in any 
                                nonimmigrant status (other than an 
                                alien considered to be a nonimmigrant 
                                solely due to the application of 
                                section 244(f)(4) or the amendment made 
                                by section 702 of the Consolidated 
                                Natural Resources Act of 2008 (Public 
                                Law 110-229)), notwithstanding any 
                                unauthorized employment or other 
                                violation of nonimmigrant status.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may waive 
                        the application of subparagraph (A)(i)(III) or 
                        any provision of section 212(a) that is not 
                        listed in clause (ii) on behalf of an alien for 
                        humanitarian purposes, to ensure family unity, 
                        or if such a waiver is otherwise in the public 
                        interest. Any discretionary authority to waive 
                        grounds of inadmissibility under section 212(a) 
                        conferred under any other provision of this Act 
                        shall apply equally to aliens seeking 
                        registered provisional status under this 
                        section.
                            ``(ii) Exceptions.--The discretionary 
                        authority under clause (i) may not be used to 
                        waive--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (B), (C), 
                                (D)(ii), (E), (G), (H), or (I) of 
                                section 212(a)(2);
                                    ``(II) section 212(a)(3);
                                    ``(III) subparagraph (A), (C), (D), 
                                or (E) of section 212(a)(10); or
                                    ``(IV) with respect to 
                                misrepresentations relating to the 
                                application for registered provisional 
                                immigrant status, section 
                                212(a)(6)(C)(i).
                    ``(C) Conviction explained.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the term `conviction' does not include a 
                judgment that has been expunged, set aside, or the 
                equivalent.
                    ``(D) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph may be construed to require the Secretary to 
                commence removal proceedings against an alien.
            ``(4) Applicability of other provisions.--Sections 
        208(d)(6) and 240B(d) shall not apply to any alien filing an 
        application for registered provisional immigrant status under 
        this section.
            ``(5) Dependent spouse and children.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, the Secretary shall classify the 
                spouse or child of a registered provisional immigrant 
                as a registered provisional immigrant dependent if the 
                spouse or child--
                            ``(i) is physically present in the United 
                        States--
                                    ``(I) on the date on which the 
                                registered provisional immigrant is 
                                granted such status; and
                                    ``(II) on or before December 30, 
                                2012;
                            ``(ii) meets all of the eligibility 
                        requirements set forth in this subsection, 
                        other than the requirements of clause (ii) or 
                        (iii) of paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Effect of termination of legal 
                relationship.--If the spousal or parental relationship 
                between an alien who is granted registered provisional 
                immigrant status under this section and the alien's 
                child is terminated, the spouse or child may apply for 
                classification as a registered provisional immigrant 
                dependent if the termination of the relationship with 
                such parent was due to death, divorce, or otherwise 
                connected to domestic violence, notwithstanding 
                subsection (c)(3).
                    ``(C) Effect of disqualification of parent.--If the 
                application of a spouse or parent for registered 
                provisional immigrant status is terminated or revoked, 
                the husband, wife, or child of that spouse or parent 
                shall be eligible to apply for registered provisional 
                immigrant status independent of the parent 
                notwithstanding subsection (c)(3).
    ``(c) Application Procedures.--
            ``(1) In general.--An alien, or the dependent spouse or 
        child of such alien, who meets the eligibility requirements set 
        forth in subsection (b) may apply for status as a registered 
        provisional immigrant or a registered provisional immigrant 
        dependent, as applicable, by submitting a completed application 
        form to the Secretary during the application period set forth 
        in paragraph (3), in accordance with the final rule promulgated 
        by the Secretary under the Border Security, Economic 
        Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act. An applicant 
        for registered provisional immigrant status shall be treated as 
        an applicant for admission.
            ``(2) Payment of taxes.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An alien may not file an 
                application for registered provisional immigrant status 
                under paragraph (1) unless the applicant has satisfied 
                any applicable Federal tax liability.
                    ``(B) Definition of applicable federal tax 
                liability.--In this paragraph, the term `applicable 
                Federal tax liability' means all Federal income taxes 
                assessed in accordance with section 6203 of the 
                Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
                    ``(C) Demonstration of compliance.--An applicant 
                may demonstrate compliance with this paragraph by 
                submitting appropriate documentation, in accordance 
                with regulations promulgated by the Secretary, in 
                consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury.
            ``(3) Application period.--
                    ``(A) Initial period.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary may only accept 
                applications for registered provisional immigrant 
                status from aliens in the United States during the 1-
                year period beginning on the date on which the final 
                rule is published in the Federal Register pursuant to 
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Extension.--If the Secretary determines, 
                during the initial period described in subparagraph 
                (A), that additional time is required to process 
                applications for registered provisional immigrant 
                status or for other good cause, the Secretary may 
                extend the period for accepting applications for such 
                status for an additional 18 months.
            ``(4) Application form.--
                    ``(A) Required information.--The application form 
                referred to in paragraph (1) shall collect such 
                information as the Secretary determines necessary and 
                appropriate.
                    ``(B) Family application.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a process through which an alien may submit a 
                single application under this section on behalf of the 
                alien, his or her spouse, and his or her children, who 
                are residing in the United States.
                    ``(C) Interview.--The Secretary may interview 
                applicants for registered provisional immigrant status 
                under this section to determine whether they meet the 
                eligibility requirements set forth in subsection (b).
            ``(5) Aliens apprehended before or during the application 
        period.--If an alien who is apprehended during the period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
        Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act and the 
        end of the application period described in paragraph (3) 
        appears prima facie eligible for registered provisional 
        immigrant status, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, the 
        Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall provide the alien with a reasonable 
                opportunity to file an application under this section 
                during such application period; and
                    ``(B) may not remove the individual until a final 
                administrative determination is made on the 
                application.
            ``(6) Eligibility after departure.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An alien who departed from the 
                United States while subject to an order of exclusion, 
                deportation, or removal, or pursuant to an order of 
                voluntary departure and who is outside of the United 
                States, or who has reentered the United States 
                illegally after December 31, 2011 without receiving the 
                Secretary's consent to reapply for admission under 
                section 212(a)(9), shall not be eligible to file an 
                application for registered provisional immigrant 
                status.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary, in the Secretary's 
                sole and unreviewable discretion, may waive the 
                application of subparagraph (A) on behalf of an alien 
                if the alien--
                            ``(i) is the spouse or child of a United 
                        States citizen or lawful permanent resident;
                            ``(ii) is the parent of a child who is a 
                        United States citizen or lawful permanent 
                        resident;
                            ``(iii) meets the requirements set forth in 
                        clause (ii) and (iii) of section 245D(b)(1)(A); 
                        or
                            ``(iv) meets the requirements set forth in 
                        section 245D(b)(1)(A)(ii), is 16 years or older 
                        on the date on which the alien applies for 
                        registered provisional immigrant status, and 
                        was physically present in the United States for 
                        an aggregate period of not less than 3 years 
                        during the 6-year period immediately preceding 
                        the date of the enactment of the Border 
                        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                        Modernization Act.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--Notwithstanding subsection 
                (b)(2), section 241(a)(5), or a prior order of 
                exclusion, deportation, or removal, an alien described 
                in subparagraph (B) who is otherwise eligible for 
                registered provisional immigrant status may file an 
                application for such status.
            ``(7) Suspension of removal during application period.--
                    ``(A) Protection from detention or removal.--A 
                registered provisional immigrant may not be detained by 
                the Secretary or removed from the United States, 
                unless--
                            ``(i) the Secretary determines that--
                                    ``(I) such alien is, or has become, 
                                ineligible for registered provisional 
                                immigrant status under subsection 
                                (b)(3); or
                                    ``(II) the alien's registered 
                                provisional immigrant status has been 
                                revoked under subsection (d)(2).
                    ``(B) Aliens in removal proceedings.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act--
                            ``(i) if the Secretary determines that an 
                        alien, during the period beginning on the date 
                        of the enactment of this section and ending on 
                        the last day of the application period 
                        described in paragraph (3), is in removal, 
                        deportation, or exclusion proceedings before 
                        the Executive Office for Immigration Review and 
                        is prima facie eligible for registered 
                        provisional immigrant status under this 
                        section--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary shall provide 
                                the alien with the opportunity to file 
                                an application for such status; and
                                    ``(II) upon motion by the Secretary 
                                and with the consent of the alien or 
                                upon motion by the alien, the Executive 
                                Office for Immigration Review shall--
                                            ``(aa) terminate such 
                                        proceedings without prejudice 
                                        to future proceedings on any 
                                        basis; and
                                            ``(bb) provide the alien a 
                                        reasonable opportunity to apply 
                                        for such status; and
                            ``(ii) if the Executive Office for 
                        Immigration Review determines that an alien, 
                        during the application period described in 
                        paragraph (3), is in removal, deportation, or 
                        exclusion proceedings before the Executive 
                        Office for Immigration Review and is prima 
                        facie eligible for registered provisional 
                        immigrant status under this section--
                                    ``(I) the Executive Office of 
                                Immigration Review shall notify the 
                                Secretary of such determination; and
                                    ``(II) if the Secretary does not 
                                dispute the determination of prima 
                                facie eligibility within 7 days after 
                                such notification, the Executive Office 
                                for Immigration Review, upon consent of 
                                the alien, shall--
                                            ``(aa) terminate such 
                                        proceedings without prejudice 
                                        to future proceedings on any 
                                        basis; and
                                            ``(bb) permit the alien a 
                                        reasonable opportunity to apply 
                                        for such status.
                    ``(C) Treatment of certain aliens.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If an alien who meets 
                        the eligibility requirements set forth in 
                        subsection (b) is present in the United States 
                        and has been ordered excluded, deported, or 
                        removed, or ordered to depart voluntarily from 
                        the United States under any provision of this 
                        Act--
                                    ``(I) notwithstanding such order or 
                                section 241(a)(5), the alien may apply 
                                for registered provisional immigrant 
                                status under this section; and
                                    ``(II) if the alien is granted such 
                                status, the alien shall file a motion 
                                to reopen the exclusion, deportation, 
                                removal, or voluntary departure order, 
                                which motion shall be granted unless 1 
                                or more of the grounds of ineligibility 
                                is established by clear and convincing 
                                evidence.
                            ``(ii) Limitations on motions to reopen.--
                        The limitations on motions to reopen set forth 
                        in section 240(c)(7) shall not apply to motions 
                        filed under clause (i)(II).
                    ``(D) Period pending adjudication of application.--
                            ``(i) In general.--During the period 
                        beginning on the date on which an alien applies 
                        for registered provisional immigrant status 
                        under paragraph (1) and the date on which the 
                        Secretary makes a final decision regarding such 
                        application, the alien--
                                    ``(I) may receive advance parole to 
                                reenter the United States if urgent 
                                humanitarian circumstances compel such 
                                travel;
                                    ``(II) may not be detained by the 
                                Secretary or removed from the United 
                                States unless the Secretary makes a 
                                prima facie determination that such 
                                alien is, or has become, ineligible for 
                                registered provisional immigrant status 
                                under subsection (b)(3);
                                    ``(III) shall not be considered 
                                unlawfully present for purposes of 
                                section 212(a)(9)(B); and
                                    ``(IV) shall not be considered an 
                                unauthorized alien (as defined in 
                                section 274A(h)(3)).
                            ``(ii) Evidence of application filing.--As 
                        soon as practicable after receiving each 
                        application for registered provisional 
                        immigrant status, the Secretary shall provide 
                        the applicant with a document acknowledging the 
                        receipt of such application.
                            ``(iii) Continuing employment.--An employer 
                        who knows that an alien employee is an 
                        applicant for registered provisional immigrant 
                        status or will apply for such status once the 
                        application period commences is not in 
                        violation of section 274A(a)(2) if the employer 
                        continues to employ the alien pending the 
                        adjudication of the alien employee's 
                        application.
                            ``(iv) Effect of departure.--Section 101(g) 
                        shall not apply to an alien granted--
                                    ``(I) advance parole under clause 
                                (i)(I) to reenter the United States; or
                                    ``(II) registered provisional 
                                immigrant status.
            ``(8) Security and law enforcement clearances.--
                    ``(A) Biometric and biographic data.--The Secretary 
                may not grant registered provisional immigrant status 
                to an alien or an alien dependent spouse or child under 
                this section unless such alien submits biometric and 
                biographic data in accordance with procedures 
                established by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Alternative procedures.--The Secretary shall 
                provide an alternative procedure for applicants who 
                cannot provide the standard biometric data required 
                under subparagraph (A) because of a physical 
                impairment.
                    ``(C) Clearances.--
                            ``(i) Data collection.--The Secretary shall 
                        collect, from each alien applying for status 
                        under this section, biometric, biographic, and 
                        other data that the Secretary determines to be 
                        appropriate--
                                    ``(I) to conduct national security 
                                and law enforcement clearances; and
                                    ``(II) to determine whether there 
                                are any national security or law 
                                enforcement factors that would render 
                                an alien ineligible for such status.
                            ``(ii) Prerequisite.--The required 
                        clearances described in clause (i)(I) shall be 
                        completed before the alien may be granted 
                        registered provisional immigrant status.
            ``(9) Duration of status and extension.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The initial period of authorized 
                admission for a registered provisional immigrant--
                            ``(i) shall remain valid for 6 years unless 
                        revoked pursuant to subsection (d)(2); and
                            ``(ii) may be extended for additional 6-
                        year terms if--
                                    ``(I) the alien remains eligible 
                                for registered provisional immigrant 
                                status;
                                    ``(II) the alien meets the 
                                employment requirements set forth in 
                                subparagraph (B); and
                                    ``(III) such status was not revoked 
                                by the Secretary for any reason.
                    ``(B) Employment or education requirement.--Except 
                as provided in subparagraphs (D) and (E) of section 
                245C(b)(3), an alien may not be granted an extension of 
                registered provisional immigrant status under this 
                paragraph unless the alien establishes that, during the 
                alien's period of status as a registered provisional 
                immigrant, the alien--
                            ``(i)(I) was regularly employed throughout 
                        the period of admission as a registered 
                        provisional immigrant, allowing for brief 
                        periods lasting not more than 60 days; and
                            ``(II) is not likely to become a public 
                        charge (as determined under section 212(a)(4)); 
                        or
                            ``(ii) is able to demonstrate average 
                        income or resources that are not less than 100 
                        percent of the Federal poverty level throughout 
                        the period of admission as a registered 
                        provisional immigrant.
                    ``(C) Payment of taxes.--An applicant may not be 
                granted an extension of registered provisional 
                immigrant status under subparagraph (A)(ii) unless the 
                applicant has satisfied any applicable Federal tax 
                liability in accordance with paragraph (2).
            ``(10) Fees and penalties.--
                    ``(A) Standard processing fee.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Aliens who are 16 years 
                        of age or older and are applying for registered 
                        provisional immigrant status under paragraph 
                        (1), or for an extension of such status under 
                        paragraph (9)(A)(ii), shall pay a processing 
                        fee to the Department of Homeland Security in 
                        an amount determined by the Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Recovery of costs.--The processing 
                        fee authorized under clause (i) shall be set at 
                        a level that is sufficient to recover the full 
                        costs of processing the application, including 
                        any costs incurred--
                                    ``(I) to adjudicate the 
                                application;
                                    ``(II) to take and process 
                                biometrics;
                                    ``(III) to perform national 
                                security and criminal checks, including 
                                adjudication;
                                    ``(IV) to prevent and investigate 
                                fraud; and
                                    ``(V) to administer the collection 
                                of such fee.
                            ``(iii) Authority to limit fees.--The 
                        Secretary, by regulation, may--
                                    ``(I) limit the maximum processing 
                                fee payable under this subparagraph by 
                                a family, including spouses and 
                                unmarried children younger than 21 
                                years of age; and
                                    ``(II) exempt defined classes of 
                                individuals, including individuals 
                                described in section 245B(c)(13), from 
                                the payment of the fee authorized under 
                                clause (i).
                    ``(B) Deposit and use of processing fees.--Fees 
                collected under subparagraph (A)(i)--
                            ``(i) shall be deposited into the 
                        Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
                        established under section 6(a)(1) of the Border 
                        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                        Modernization Act; and
                            ``(ii) may be used for the purposes set 
                        forth in section 6(a)(3)(B) of such Act.
                    ``(C) Penalty.--
                            ``(i) Payment.--In addition to the 
                        processing fee required under subparagraph (A), 
                        aliens not described in section 245D who are 21 
                        years of age or older and are filing an 
                        application under this subsection shall pay a 
                        $1,000 penalty to the Department of Homeland 
                        Security.
                            ``(ii) Installments.--The Secretary shall 
                        establish a process for collecting payments 
                        required under clause (i) that--
                                    ``(I) requires the alien to pay 
                                $500 in conjunction with the submission 
                                of an application under this subsection 
                                for registered provisional immigrant 
                                status; and
                                    ``(II) allows the remaining $500 to 
                                be paid in periodic installments that 
                                shall be completed before the alien may 
                                be granted an extension of status under 
                                paragraph (9)(A)(ii).
                            ``(iii) Deposit.--Penalties collected 
                        pursuant to this subparagraph shall be 
                        deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration 
                        Reform Trust Fund established under section 
                        6(a)(1) of the Border Security, Economic 
                        Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
            ``(11) Adjudication.--
                    ``(A) Failure to submit sufficient evidence.--The 
                Secretary shall deny an application submitted by an 
                alien who fails to submit--
                            ``(i) requested initial evidence, including 
                        requested biometric data; or
                            ``(ii) any requested additional evidence by 
                        the date required by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Amended application.--An alien whose 
                application for registered provisional immigrant status 
                is denied under subparagraph (A) may file an amended 
                application for such status to the Secretary if the 
                amended application--
                            ``(i) is filed within the application 
                        period described in paragraph (3); and
                            ``(ii) contains all the required 
                        information and fees that were missing from the 
                        initial application.
            ``(12) Evidence of registered provisional immigrant 
        status.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue 
                documentary evidence of registered provisional 
                immigrant status to each alien whose application for 
                such status has been approved.
                    ``(B) Documentation features.--Documentary evidence 
                provided under subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) shall be machine-readable and tamper-
                        resistant, and shall contain a digitized 
                        photograph;
                            ``(ii) shall, during the alien's authorized 
                        period of admission, and any extension of such 
                        authorized admission, serve as a valid travel 
                        and entry document for the purpose of applying 
                        for admission to the United States;
                            ``(iii) may be accepted during the period 
                        of its validity by an employer as evidence of 
                        employment authorization and identity under 
                        section 274A(b)(1)(B);
                            ``(iv) shall indicate that the alien is 
                        authorized to work in the United States for up 
                        to 3 years; and
                            ``(v) shall include such other features and 
                        information as may be prescribed by the 
                        Secretary.
            ``(13) Daca recipients.--Unless the Secretary determines 
        that an alien who was granted Deferred Action for Childhood 
        Arrivals (referred to in this paragraph as `DACA') pursuant to 
        the Secretary's memorandum of June 15, 2012, has engaged in 
        conduct since the alien was granted DACA that would make the 
        alien ineligible for registered provisional immigrant status, 
        the Secretary may grant such status to the alien if renewed 
        national security and law enforcement clearances have been 
        completed on behalf of the alien.
    ``(d) Terms and Conditions of Registered Provisional Immigrant 
Status.--
            ``(1) Conditions of registered provisional immigrant 
        status.--
                    ``(A) Employment.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, including section 241(a)(7), a 
                registered provisional immigrant shall be authorized to 
                be employed in the United States while in such status.
                    ``(B) Travel outside the united states.--A 
                registered provisional immigrant may travel outside of 
                the United States and may be admitted, if otherwise 
                admissible, upon returning to the United States without 
                having to obtain a visa if--
                            ``(i) the alien is in possession of--
                                    ``(I) valid, unexpired documentary 
                                evidence of registered provisional 
                                immigrant status that complies with 
                                subsection (c)(12); or
                                    ``(II) a travel document, duly 
                                approved by the Secretary, that was 
                                issued to the alien after the alien's 
                                original documentary evidence was lost, 
                                stolen, or destroyed;
                            ``(ii) the alien's absence from the United 
                        States did not exceed 180 days, unless the 
                        alien's failure to timely return was due to 
                        extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
                        control;
                            ``(iii) the alien meets the requirements 
                        for an extension as described in subclauses (I) 
                        and (III) of paragraph (9)(A); and
                            ``(iv) the alien establishes that the alien 
                        is not inadmissible under subparagraph (A)(i), 
                        (A)(iii), (B), or (C) of section 212(a)(3).
                    ``(C) Admission.--An alien granted registered 
                provisional immigrant status under this section shall 
                be considered to have been admitted and lawfully 
                present in the United States in such status as of the 
                date on which the alien's application was filed.
                    ``(D) Clarification of status.--An alien granted 
                registered provisional immigrant status--
                            ``(i) is lawfully admitted to the United 
                        States; and
                            ``(ii) may not be classified as a 
                        nonimmigrant or as an alien who has been 
                        lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
            ``(2) Revocation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may revoke the 
                status of a registered provisional immigrant at any 
                time after providing appropriate notice to the alien, 
                and after the exhaustion or waiver of all applicable 
                administrative review procedures under section 245E(c), 
                if the alien--
                            ``(i) no longer meets the eligibility 
                        requirements set forth in subsection (b);
                            ``(ii) knowingly used documentation issued 
                        under this section for an unlawful or 
                        fraudulent purpose; or
                            ``(iii) was absent from the United States--
                                    ``(I) for any single period longer 
                                than 180 days in violation of the 
                                requirements set forth in paragraph 
                                (1)(B)(ii); or
                                    ``(II) for more than 180 days in 
                                the aggregate during any calendar year, 
                                unless the alien's failure to timely 
                                return was due to extenuating 
                                circumstances beyond the alien's 
                                control.
                    ``(B) Additional evidence.--In determining whether 
                to revoke an alien's status under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary may require the alien--
                            ``(i) to submit additional evidence; or
                            ``(ii) to appear for an interview.
                    ``(C) Invalidation of documentation.--If an alien's 
                registered provisional immigrant status is revoked 
                under subparagraph (A), any documentation issued by the 
                Secretary to such alien under subsection (c)(12) shall 
                automatically be rendered invalid for any purpose 
                except for departure from the United States.
            ``(3) Ineligibility for public benefits.--An alien who has 
        been granted registered provisional immigrant status under this 
        section is not eligible for any Federal means-tested public 
        benefit (as such term is defined in section 403 of the Personal 
        Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 
        (8 U.S.C. 1613)).
            ``(4) Treatment of registered provisional immigrants.--A 
        noncitizen granted registered provisional immigrant status 
        under this section shall be considered lawfully present in the 
        United States for all purposes while such noncitizen remains in 
        such status, except that the noncitizen--
                    ``(A) is not entitled to the premium assistance tax 
                credit authorized under section 36B of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986;
                    ``(B) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
                individuals not lawfully present that are set forth in 
                subsection (e) of such section; and
                    ``(C) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
                individuals not lawfully present that are set forth in 
                section 1402(e) of the Patient Protection and 
                Affordable Care Act (42 U.S.C. 18071).
            ``(5) Assignment of social security number.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Commissioner of Social 
                Security, in coordination with the Secretary, shall 
                implement a system to allow for the assignment of a 
                Social Security number and the issuance of a Social 
                Security card to each alien who has been granted 
                registered provisional immigrant status under this 
                section.
                    ``(B) Use of information.--The Secretary shall 
                provide the Commissioner of Social Security with 
                information from the applications filed by aliens 
                granted registered provisional immigrant status under 
                this section and such other information as the 
                Commissioner determines to be necessary to assign a 
                Social Security account number to such aliens. The 
                Commissioner may use information received from the 
                Secretary under this subparagraph to assign Social 
                Security account numbers to such aliens and to 
                administer the programs of the Social Security 
                Administration. The Commissioner may maintain, use, and 
                disclose such information only as permitted under 
                section 552a of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
                known as the Privacy Act of 1974) and other applicable 
                Federal laws.
    ``(e) Dissemination of Information on Registered Provisional 
Immigrant Program.--As soon as practicable after the date of the 
enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
Modernization Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with entities approved 
by the Secretary, and in accordance with a plan adopted by the 
Secretary, shall broadly disseminate, in the most common languages 
spoken by aliens who would qualify for registered provisional immigrant 
status under this section, to television, radio, print, and social 
media to which such aliens would likely have access--
            ``(1) the procedures for applying for such status;
            ``(2) the terms and conditions of such status; and
            ``(3) the eligibility requirements for such status.''.
    (b) Enlistment in the Armed Forces.--Section 504(b)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) An alien who has been granted registered provisional 
        immigrant status under section 245B of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act.''.

SEC. 2102. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF REGISTERED PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after section 245B, as added by section 2101 of 
this title, the following:

``SEC. 245C. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF REGISTERED PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to section 245E(d) and section 
2302(c)(3) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
(referred to in this section as the `Secretary') may adjust the status 
of a registered provisional immigrant to that of an alien lawfully 
admitted for permanent residence if the registered provisional 
immigrant satisfies the eligibility requirements set forth in 
subsection (b).
    ``(b) Eligibility Requirements.--
            ``(1) Registered provisional immigrant status.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The alien was granted registered 
                provisional immigrant status under section 245B and 
                remains eligible for such status.
                    ``(B) Continuous physical presence.--The alien 
                establishes, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that 
                the alien was not continuously absent from the United 
                States for more than 180 days in any calendar year 
                during the period of admission as a registered 
                provisional immigrant, unless the alien's absence was 
                due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
                control.
                    ``(C) Maintenance of waivers of admissibility.--The 
                grounds of inadmissibility set forth in section 212(a) 
                that were previously waived for the alien or made 
                inapplicable under section 245B(b) shall not apply for 
                purposes of the alien's adjustment of status under this 
                section.
                    ``(D) Pending revocation proceedings.--If the 
                Secretary has notified the applicant that the Secretary 
                intends to revoke the applicant's registered 
                provisional immigrant status under section 
                245B(d)(2)(A), the Secretary may not approve an 
                application for adjustment of status under this section 
                unless the Secretary makes a final determination not to 
                revoke the applicant's status.
            ``(2) Payment of taxes.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An applicant may not file an 
                application for adjustment of status under this section 
                unless the applicant has satisfied any applicable 
                Federal tax liability.
                    ``(B) Definition of applicable federal tax 
                liability.--In subparagraph (A), the term `applicable 
                Federal tax liability' means all assessed Federal 
                income taxes since the date on which the applicant was 
                authorized to work in the United States as a registered 
                provisional immigrant under section 245B(a).
                    ``(C) Compliance.--The applicant may demonstrate 
                compliance with subparagraph (A) by submitting such 
                documentation as the Secretary, in consultation with 
                the Secretary of the Treasury, may require by 
                regulation.
            ``(3) Employment or education requirement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (D) and (E), an alien applying for 
                adjustment of status under this section shall establish 
                that, during his or her period of status as a 
                registered provisional immigrant, he or she--
                            ``(i)(I) was regularly employed throughout 
                        the period of admission as a registered 
                        provisional immigrant, allowing for brief 
                        periods lasting not more than 60 days; and
                            ``(II) is not likely to become a public 
                        charge (as determined under section 212(a)(4)); 
                        or
                            ``(ii) can demonstrate average income or 
                        resources that are not less than 125 percent of 
                        the Federal poverty level throughout the period 
                        of admission as a registered provisional 
                        immigrant.
                    ``(B) Evidence of employment.--
                            ``(i) Documents.--An alien may satisfy the 
                        employment requirement under subparagraph 
                        (A)(i) by submitting, to the Secretary, records 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) establish, by the 
                                preponderance of the evidence, 
                                compliance with such employment 
                                requirement; and
                                    ``(II) have been maintained by the 
                                Social Security Administration, the 
                                Internal Revenue Service, or any other 
                                Federal, State, or local government 
                                agency.
                            ``(ii) Other documents.--An alien who is 
                        unable to submit the records described in 
                        clause (i) may satisfy the employment or 
                        education requirement under subparagraph (A) by 
                        submitting to the Secretary at least 2 types of 
                        reliable documents not described in clause (i) 
                        that provide evidence of employment or 
                        education, including--
                                    ``(I) bank records;
                                    ``(II) business records;
                                    ``(III) employer records;
                                    ``(IV) records of a labor union, 
                                day labor center, or organization that 
                                assists workers in employment;
                                    ``(V) sworn affidavits from 
                                nonrelatives who have direct knowledge 
                                of the alien's work or education, that 
                                contain--
                                            ``(aa) the name, address, 
                                        and telephone number of the 
                                        affiant;
                                            ``(bb) the nature and 
                                        duration of the relationship 
                                        between the affiant and the 
                                        alien; and
                                            ``(cc) other verification 
                                        or information;
                                    ``(VI) remittance records; and
                                    ``(VII) school records from 
                                institutions described in subparagraph 
                                (D).
                            ``(iii) Additional documents and 
                        restrictions.--The Secretary may--
                                    ``(I) designate additional 
                                documents that may be used to establish 
                                compliance with the requirement under 
                                subparagraph (A); and
                                    ``(II) set such terms and 
                                conditions on the use of affidavits as 
                                may be necessary to verify and confirm 
                                the identity of any affiant or to 
                                otherwise prevent fraudulent 
                                submissions.
                    ``(C) Satisfaction of employment requirement.--An 
                alien may not be required to satisfy the employment 
                requirements under this section with a single employer.
                    ``(D) Education permitted.--An alien may satisfy 
                the requirement under subparagraph (A), in whole or in 
                part, by providing evidence of full-time attendance 
                at--
                            ``(i) an institution of higher education 
                        (as defined in section 102(a) of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002(a)));
                            ``(ii) a secondary school (as defined in 
                        section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
                            ``(iii) an education, literacy, or career 
                        training program (including vocational 
                        training) that is designed to lead to placement 
                        in postsecondary education, job training, or 
                        employment through which the alien is working 
                        toward such placement; or
                            ``(iv) an education program assisting 
                        students either in obtaining a regular high 
                        school diploma or its recognized equivalent 
                        under state law (including a certificate of 
                        completion, certificate of attendance, or 
                        alternate award), or in passing a General 
                        Educational Development exam or other 
                        equivalent State-authorized exam.
                    ``(E) Authorization of exceptions and waivers.--
                            ``(i) Exceptions based on age or 
                        disability.--The employment and education 
                        requirements under this paragraph shall not 
                        apply to any alien who --
                                    ``(I) is younger than 21 years of 
                                age on the date on which the alien 
                                files an application for the first 
                                extension of the initial period of 
                                authorized admission as a registered 
                                provisional immigrant;
                                    ``(II) is at least 60 years of age 
                                on the date on which the alien files an 
                                application described in subclause (II) 
                                or at least 65 years of age on the date 
                                on which the alien's status is adjusted 
                                under this section; or
                                    ``(III) has a physical or mental 
                                disability (as defined in section 3(2) 
                                of the Americans with Disabilities Act 
                                of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2))) or as a 
                                result of pregnancy if such condition 
                                is evidenced by the submission of 
                                documentation prescribed by the 
                                Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Family exceptions.--The employment 
                        and education requirements under this paragraph 
                        shall not apply to any alien who is a dependent 
                        registered provisional immigrant under 
                        subsection (b)(5).
                            ``(iii) Temporary exceptions.--The 
                        employment and education requirements under 
                        this paragraph shall not apply during any 
                        period during which the alien--
                                    ``(I) was on medical leave, 
                                maternity leave, or other employment 
                                leave authorized by Federal law, State 
                                law, or the policy of the employer;
                                    ``(II) is or was the primary 
                                caretaker of a child or another person 
                                who requires supervision or is unable 
                                to care for himself or herself; or
                                    ``(III) was unable to work due to 
                                circumstances outside the control of 
                                the alien.
                            ``(iv) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
                        employment or education requirements under this 
                        paragraph with respect to any individual alien 
                        who demonstrates extreme hardship to himself or 
                        herself or to a spouse, parent, or child who is 
                        a United States citizen or lawful permanent 
                        resident.
            ``(4) English skills.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided under 
                subparagraph (C), a registered provisional immigrant 
                who is 16 years of age or older shall establish that he 
                or she--
                            ``(i) meets the requirements set forth in 
                        section 312; or
                            ``(ii) is satisfactorily pursuing a course 
                        of study, pursuant to standards established by 
                        the Secretary of Education, in consultation 
                        with the Secretary, to achieve an understanding 
                        of English and knowledge and understanding of 
                        the history and Government of the United 
                        States, as described in section 312(a).
                    ``(B) Relation to naturalization examination.--A 
                registered provisional immigrant who demonstrates that 
                he or she meets the requirements set forth in section 
                312 may be considered to have satisfied such 
                requirements for purposes of becoming naturalized as a 
                citizen of the United States.
                    ``(C) Exceptions.--
                            ``(i) Mandatory.--Subparagraph (A) shall 
                        not apply to any person who is unable to comply 
                        with the requirements under that subparagraph 
                        because of a physical or developmental 
                        disability or mental impairment.
                            ``(ii) Discretionary.--The Secretary may 
                        waive all or part of subparagraph (A) for a 
                        registered provisional immigrant who is 70 
                        years of age or older on the date on which an 
                        application is filed for adjustment of status 
                        under this section.
            ``(5) Military selective service.--The alien shall provide 
        proof of registration under the Military Selective Service Act 
        (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) if the alien is subject to such 
        registration.
    ``(c) Application Procedures.--
            ``(1) In general.--Beginning on the date described in 
        paragraph (2), a registered provisional immigrant, or a 
        registered provisional immigrant dependent, who meets the 
        eligibility requirements set forth in subsection (b) may apply 
        for adjustment of status to that of an alien lawfully admitted 
        for permanent residence by submitting an application to the 
        Secretary that includes the evidence required, by regulation, 
        to demonstrate the applicant's eligibility for such adjustment.
            ``(2) Back of the line.--The status of a registered 
        provisional immigrant may not be adjusted to that of an alien 
        lawfully admitted for permanent residence under this section 
        until after the Secretary of State certifies that immigrant 
        visas have become available for all approved petitions for 
        immigrant visas that were filed under sections 201 and 203 
        before the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
        Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
            ``(3) Interview.--The Secretary may interview applicants 
        for adjustment of status under this section to determine 
        whether they meet the eligibility requirements set forth in 
        subsection (b).
            ``(4) Security and law enforcement clearances.--The 
        Secretary may not adjust the status of a registered provisional 
        immigrant under this section until renewed national security 
        and law enforcement clearances have been completed with respect 
        to the registered provisional immigrant, to the satisfaction of 
        the Secretary.
            ``(5) Fees and penalties.--
                    ``(A) Processing fees.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        impose a processing fee on applicants for 
                        adjustment of status under this section at a 
                        level sufficient to recover the full cost of 
                        processing such applications, including costs 
                        associated with--
                                    ``(I) adjudicating the 
                                applications;
                                    ``(II) taking and processing 
                                biometrics;
                                    ``(III) performing national 
                                security and criminal checks, including 
                                adjudication;
                                    ``(IV) preventing and investigating 
                                fraud; and
                                    ``(V) the administration of the 
                                fees collected.
                            ``(ii) Authority to limit fees.--The 
                        Secretary, by regulation, may--
                                    ``(I) limit the maximum processing 
                                fee payable under this subparagraph by 
                                a family, including spouses and 
                                children; and
                                    ``(II) exempt other defined classes 
                                of individuals from the payment of the 
                                fee authorized under clause (i).
                            ``(iii) Deposit and use of fees.--Fees 
                        collected under this subparagraph--
                                    ``(I) shall be deposited into the 
                                Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
                                Fund established under section 6(a)(1) 
                                of the Border Security, Economic 
                                Opportunity, and Immigration 
                                Modernization Act; and
                                    ``(II) may be used for the purposes 
                                set forth in section 6(a)(3)(B) of such 
                                Act.
                    ``(B) Penalties.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In addition to the 
                        processing fee required under subparagraph (A) 
                        and the penalty required under section 
                        245B(c)(6)(D), an alien who was 21 years of age 
                        or older on the date on which the Border 
                        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                        Modernization Act was originally introduced in 
                        the Senate and is filing an application for 
                        adjustment of status under this section shall 
                        pay a $1,000 penalty to the Secretary unless 
                        the alien meets the requirements under section 
                        245D(b).
                            ``(ii) Installments.--The Secretary shall 
                        establish a process for collecting payments 
                        required under clause (i) through periodic 
                        installments.
                            ``(iii) Deposit, allocation, and spending 
                        of penalties.--Penalties collected under this 
                        subparagraph--
                                    ``(I) shall be deposited into the 
                                Comprehensive Immigration Trust Fund 
                                established under section 6(a)(1) of 
                                the Border Security, Economic 
                                Opportunity, and Immigration 
                                Modernization Act; and
                                    ``(II) may be used for the purposes 
                                set forth in section 6(a)(3)(B) of such 
                                Act.''.
    (b) Limitation on Registered Provisional Immigrants.--An alien 
admitted as a registered provisional immigrant may only adjust status 
to an alien lawfully admitted for permanent resident status under 
section 2302 of this Act.
    (c) Naturalization.--Section 319 (8 U.S.C. 1430) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``and employees of 
        certain nonprofit organizations'' and inserting ``, employees 
        of certain nonprofit organizations, and other long-term lawful 
        residents''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Any lawful permanent resident who was lawfully present in the 
United States and eligible for work authorization for not less than 10 
years before becoming a lawful permanent resident may be naturalized 
upon compliance with all the requirements under this title except the 
provisions of section 316(a)(1) if such person, immediately preceding 
the date on which the person filed an application for naturalization--
            ``(1) has resided continuously within the United States, 
        after being lawfully admitted for permanent residence, for at 
        least 3 years;
            ``(2) during the 3-year period immediately preceding such 
        filing date, has been physically present in the United States 
        for periods totaling at least 50 percent of such period; and
            ``(3) has resided within the State or in the jurisdiction 
        of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services field office 
        in the United States in which the applicant filed such 
        application for at least 3 months.''.

SEC. 2103. THE DREAM ACT.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Development, 
Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act of 2013'' or the ``DREAM Act 
2013''.
    (b) Adjustment of Status for Certain Aliens Who Entered the United 
States as Children.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after section 245C, as added by section 2102 of 
this title, the following:

``SEC. 245D. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN ALIENS WHO ENTERED THE 
              UNITED STATES AS CHILDREN.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        `institution of higher education' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1002), except that the term does not include 
        institutions described in subsection (a)(1)(C) of such section.
            ``(2) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Homeland Security.
            ``(3) Uniformed services.--The term `Uniformed Services' 
        has the meaning given the term `uniformed services' in section 
        101(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code.
    ``(b) Adjustment of Status for Certain Aliens Who Entered the 
United States as Children.--
            ``(1) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland 
                Security may adjust the status of a registered 
                provisional immigrant to the status of a lawful 
                permanent resident if the immigrant demonstrates that 
                he or she--
                            ``(i) has been a registered provisional 
                        immigrant for at least 5 years;
                            ``(ii) was younger than 16 years of age on 
                        the date on which the alien initially entered 
                        the United States;
                            ``(iii) has earned a high school diploma or 
                        obtained a general education development 
                        certificate in the United States;
                            ``(iv)(I) has acquired a degree from an 
                        institution of higher education or has 
                        completed at least 2 years, in good standing, 
                        in a program for a bachelor's degree or higher 
                        degree in the United States; or
                            ``(II) has served in the Uniformed Services 
                        for at least 4 years and, if discharged, 
                        received an honorable discharge; and
                            ``(v) has provided a list of each secondary 
                        school (as that term is defined in section 9101 
                        of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801)) that the alien 
                        attended in the United States.
                    ``(B) Hardship exception.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may adjust 
                        the status of a registered provisional 
                        immigrant to the status of a lawful permanent 
                        resident if the alien--
                                    ``(I) satisfies the requirements 
                                under clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) 
                                of subparagraph (A); and
                                    ``(II) demonstrates compelling 
                                circumstances for the inability to 
                                satisfy the requirement under 
                                subparagraph (A)(iv).
                    ``(C) Citizenship requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), the Secretary may not adjust the 
                        status of an alien to lawful permanent resident 
                        status under this section unless the alien 
                        demonstrates that the alien satisfies the 
                        requirements of section 312(a) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1423(a)).
                            ``(ii) Exception.--Clause (i) shall not 
                        apply to an alien whose physical or 
                        developmental disability or mental impairment 
                        prevents the alien from meeting the 
                        requirements such section.
                    ``(D) Submission of biometric and biographic 
                data.--The Secretary may not adjust the status of an 
                alien to lawful permanent resident status unless the 
                alien--
                            ``(i) submits biometric and biographic 
                        data, in accordance with procedures established 
                        by the Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) complies with an alternative 
                        procedure prescribed by the Secretary, if the 
                        alien is unable to provide such biometric data 
                        because of a physical impairment.
                    ``(E) Background checks.--
                            ``(i) Requirement for background checks.--
                        The Secretary shall utilize biometric, 
                        biographic, and other data that the Secretary 
                        determines appropriate--
                                    ``(I) to conduct security and law 
                                enforcement background checks of an 
                                alien applying for lawful permanent 
                                resident status under this section; and
                                    ``(II) to determine whether there 
                                is any criminal, national security, or 
                                other factor that would render the 
                                alien ineligible for such status.
                            ``(ii) Completion of background checks.--
                        The Secretary may not adjust an alien's status 
                        to the status of a lawful permanent resident 
                        under this subsection until the security and 
                        law enforcement background checks required 
                        under clause (i) have been completed with 
                        respect to the alien, to the satisfaction of 
                        the Secretary.
            ``(2) Application for lawful permanent resident status.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A registered provisional 
                immigrant seeking lawful permanent resident status 
                shall file an application for such status in such 
                manner as the Secretary of Homeland Security may 
                require.
                    ``(B) Adjudication.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        evaluate each application filed by a registered 
                        provisional immigrant under this paragraph to 
                        determine whether the alien meets the 
                        requirements under paragraph (1).
                            ``(ii) Adjustment of status if favorable 
                        determination.--If the Secretary determines 
                        that the alien meets the requirements under 
                        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall notify the 
                        alien of such determination and adjust the 
                        status of the alien to lawful permanent 
                        resident status, effective as of the date of 
                        such determination.
                            ``(iii) Adverse determination.--If the 
                        Secretary determines that the alien does not 
                        meet the requirements under paragraph (1), the 
                        Secretary shall notify the alien of such 
                        determination.
                    ``(C) Daca recipients.--The Secretary may adopt 
                streamlined procedures for applicants for adjustment to 
                lawful permanent resident status under this section who 
                were granted Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals 
                (referred to in this paragraph as `DACA') pursuant to 
                the Secretary's memorandum of June 15, 2012.
            ``(3) Treatment for purposes of naturalization.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An alien granted lawful 
                permanent resident status under this subsection shall 
                be considered, for purposes of title III--
                            ``(i) to have been lawfully admitted for 
                        permanent residence; and
                            ``(ii) to have been in the United States as 
                        an alien lawfully admitted to the United States 
                        for permanent residence during the period the 
                        alien was a registered provisional immigrant.
                    ``(B) Limitation on application for 
                naturalization.--An alien may not apply for 
                naturalization while the alien is a registered 
                provisional immigrant..''.
    (c) Exemption From Numerical Limitations.--Section 201(b) (8 U.S.C. 
1151(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) Aliens whose status is adjusted to permanent resident 
        status under section 245C or 245D.''.
    (d) Restoration of State Option To Determine Residency for Purposes 
of Higher Education.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 505 of the Illegal Immigration Reform 
        and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1623) is 
        repealed.
            (2) Effective date.--The repeal under paragraph (1) shall 
        take effect as if included in the original enactment of the 
        Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 
        1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208).

SEC. 2104. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after section 245C, as added by section 2102 of 
this title, the following:

``SEC. 245E. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO REGISTERED PROVISIONAL 
              IMMIGRANTS AND OTHERS.

    ``(a) Disclosures.--
            ``(1) Prohibited disclosures.--Except as otherwise provided 
        in this subsection, no officer or employee of any Federal 
        agency may--
                    ``(A) use the information furnished in an 
                application for lawful status under section 245B, 245C, 
                or 245D for any purpose other than to make a 
                determination on any application by the alien for any 
                immigration benefit or protection;
                    ``(B) make any publication through which 
                information furnished by any particular applicant can 
                be identified; or
                    ``(C) permit anyone other than the sworn officers, 
                employees, and contractors of such agency or of another 
                entity approved by the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                to examine individual applications that have been filed 
                under either such section.
            ``(2) Required disclosures.--The Secretary shall provide 
        the information furnished in an application filed under section 
        245B, 245C, or 245D and any other information derived from such 
        furnished information to--
                    ``(A) a law enforcement agency, intelligence 
                agency, national security agency, component of the 
                Department of Homeland Security, court, or grand jury 
                if such information is requested by such entity, 
                consistent with law, in connection with--
                            ``(i) a criminal investigation or 
                        prosecution of any matter not related to the 
                        applicant's immigration status; or
                            ``(ii) a national security investigation or 
                        prosecution; and
                    ``(B) an official coroner for purposes of 
                affirmatively identifying a deceased individual, 
                whether or not the death of such individual resulted 
                from a crime.
            ``(3) Auditing and evaluation of information.--The 
        Secretary may--
                    ``(A) audit and evaluate information furnished as 
                part of any application filed under section 245B, 245C, 
                or 245D for purposes of identifying immigration fraud 
                or fraud schemes; and
                    ``(B) use any evidence detected by means of audits 
                and evaluations for purposes of investigating, 
                prosecuting, referring for prosecution, or denying or 
                terminating immigration benefits.
    ``(b) Employer Protections.--
            ``(1) Use of employment records.--Copies of employment 
        records or other evidence of employment provided by an alien or 
        by an alien's employer in support of an alien's application for 
        registered provisional immigrant status under section 245B may 
        not be used in a civil or criminal prosecution or investigation 
        of that employer under section 274A or the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986 for the prior unlawful employment of that alien 
        regardless of the adjudication of such application or 
        reconsideration by the Secretary of Homeland Security of such 
        alien's prima facie eligibility determination. Employers that 
        provide unauthorized aliens with copies of employment records 
        or other evidence of employment pursuant to an application for 
        registered provisional immigrant status shall not be subject to 
        civil and criminal liability pursuant to section 274A for 
        employing such unauthorized aliens.
            ``(2) Limit on applicability.--The protections for 
        employers and aliens under paragraph (1) shall not apply if the 
        aliens or employers submit employment records that are deemed 
        to be fraudulent.
    ``(c) Administrative Review.--
            ``(1) Exclusive administrative review.--Administrative 
        review of a determination respecting an application for status 
        under section 245B, 245C, or 245D shall be conducted solely in 
        accordance with this subsection.
            ``(2) Administrative appellate review.--
                    ``(A) Establishment of administrative appellate 
                authority.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
                establish or designate an appellate authority to 
                provide for a single level of administrative appellate 
                review of a determination with respect to applications 
                for, or revocation of, status under sections 245B, 
                245C, and 245D.
                    ``(B) Single appeal for each administrative 
                decision.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An alien in the United 
                        States whose application for status under 
                        section 245B, 245C, or 245D has been denied or 
                        revoked may file with the Secretary not more 
                        than 1 appeal of each decision to deny or 
                        revoke such status.
                            ``(ii) Notice of appeal.--A notice of 
                        appeal filed under this subparagraph shall be 
                        filed not later than 90 days after the date of 
                        service of the decision of denial or 
                        revocation, unless the delay was reasonably 
                        justifiable.
                    ``(C) Review by secretary.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph may be construed to limit the authority of 
                the Secretary to certify appeals for review and final 
                administrative decision.
                    ``(D) Denial of petitions for dependents.--Appeals 
                of a decision to deny or revoke a petition filed by a 
                registered provisional immigrant pursuant to 
                regulations promulgated under section 245B to classify 
                a spouse or child of such alien as a registered 
                provisional immigrant shall be subject to the 
                administrative appellate authority described in 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(E) Stay of removal.--Aliens seeking 
                administrative review shall not be removed from the 
                United States until a final decision is rendered 
                establishing ineligibility for status under section 
                245B, 245C, or 245D.
            ``(3) Record for review.--Administrative appellate review 
        under paragraph (2) shall be de novo and based solely upon--
                    ``(A) the administrative record established at the 
                time of the determination on the application; and
                    ``(B) any additional newly discovered or previously 
                unavailable evidence.
            ``(4) Unlawful presence.--During the period in which an 
        alien may request administrative review under this subsection, 
        and during the period that any such review is pending, the 
        alien shall not be considered `unlawfully present in the United 
        States' for purposes of section 212(a)(9)(B).
    ``(d) Privacy and Civil Liberties.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in accordance with 
        subsection (a)(1), shall require appropriate administrative and 
        physical safeguards to protect the security, confidentiality, 
        and integrity of personally identifiable information collected, 
        maintained, and disseminated pursuant to sections 245B, 245C, 
        and 245D.
            ``(2) Assessments.--Notwithstanding the privacy 
        requirements set forth in section 222 of the Homeland Security 
        Act (6 U.S.C. 142) and the E-Government Act of 2002 (Public Law 
        107-347), the Secretary shall conduct a privacy impact 
        assessment and a civil liberties impact assessment of the 
        legalization program established under sections 245B, 245C, and 
        245D during the pendency of the interim final regulations 
        required to be issued under section 2110 of the Border 
        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
        Act.''.
    (b) Judicial Review.--Section 242 (8 U.S.C. 1252) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``the 
                exercise of discretion arising under'' after ``no court 
                shall have jurisdiction to review'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``raised upon 
                a petition for review filed with an appropriate court 
                of appeals in accordance with this section'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or, in the case of 
        a decision rendered under section 245E(c), in the judicial 
        circuit in which the petitioner resides'' after 
        ``proceedings''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Judicial Review of Eligibility Determinations Relating to 
Status Under Chapter 5.--
            ``(1) Direct review.--If an alien's application under 
        section 245B, 245C, or 245D is denied, or is revoked after the 
        exhaustion of administrative appellate review under section 
        245E(c), the alien may seek review of such decision, in 
        accordance with chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code, 
        before the United States district court for the district in 
        which the person resides.
            ``(2) Status during review.--While a review described in 
        paragraph (1) is pending--
                    ``(A) the alien shall not be deemed to accrue 
                unlawful presence for purposes of section 212(a)(9);
                    ``(B) any unexpired grant of voluntary departure 
                under section 240B shall be tolled; and
                    ``(C) the court shall have the discretion to stay 
                the execution of any order of exclusion, deportation, 
                or removal.
            ``(3) Review after removal proceedings.--An alien may seek 
        judicial review of a denial or revocation of approval of the 
        alien's application under section 245B, 245C, or 245D in the 
        appropriate United States court of appeal in conjunction with 
        the judicial review of an order of removal, deportation, or 
        exclusion if the validity of the denial has not been upheld in 
        a prior judicial proceeding under paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Standard for judicial review.--
                    ``(A) Basis.--Judicial review of a denial, or 
                revocation of an approval, of an application under 
                section 245B, 245C, or 245D shall be based upon the 
                administrative record established at the time of the 
                review.
                    ``(B) Authority to remand.--The reviewing court may 
                remand a case under this subsection to the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security for consideration of additional 
                evidence if the court finds that--
                            ``(i) the additional evidence is material; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) there were reasonable grounds for 
                        failure to adduce the additional evidence 
                        before the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Scope of review.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, judicial review of all questions 
                arising from a denial, or revocation of an approval, of 
                an application under section 245B, 245C, or 245D shall 
                be governed by the standard of review set forth in 
                section 706 of title 5, United States Code.
            ``(5) Remedial powers.--
                    ``(A) Jurisdiction.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, the United States district courts 
                shall have jurisdiction over any cause or claim arising 
                from a pattern or practice of the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security in the operation or implementation of the 
                Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                Modernization Act, or the amendments made by such Act, 
                that is arbitrary, capricious, or otherwise contrary to 
                law.
                    ``(B) Scope of relief.--The United States district 
                courts may order any appropriate relief in a clause or 
                claim described in subparagraph (A) without regard to 
                exhaustion, ripeness, or other standing requirements 
                (other than constitutionally-mandated requirements), if 
                the court determines that--
                            ``(i) the resolution of such cause or claim 
                        will serve judicial and administrative 
                        efficiency; or
                            ``(ii) a remedy would otherwise not be 
                        reasonably available or practicable.
            ``(6) Challenges to the validity of the system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
                (5), any claim that section 245B, 245C, 245D, or 245E 
                or any regulation, written policy, or written 
                directive, issued or unwritten policy or practice 
                initiated by or under the authority of the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security to implement such sections, violates 
                the Constitution of the United States or is otherwise 
                in violation of law is available exclusively in an 
                action instituted in United States District Court in 
                accordance with the procedures prescribed in this 
                paragraph.
                    ``(B) Savings provision.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), nothing in subparagraph (A) may be 
                construed to preclude an applicant under 245B, 245C, or 
                245D from asserting that an action taken or a decision 
                made by the Secretary with respect to the applicant's 
                status was contrary to law.
                    ``(C) Class actions.--Any claim described in 
                subparagraph (A) that is brought as a class action 
                shall be brought in conformity with--
                            ``(i) the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 
                        (Public Law 109-2); and
                            ``(ii) the Federal Rules of Civil 
                        Procedure.
                    ``(D) Preclusive effect.--The final disposition of 
                any claim brought under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                preclusive of any such claim asserted by the same 
                individual in a subsequent proceeding under this 
                subsection.
                    ``(E) Exhaustion and stay of proceedings.--
                            ``(i) In general.--No claim brought under 
                        this paragraph shall require the plaintiff to 
                        exhaust administrative remedies under section 
                        245E(c).
                            ``(ii) Stay authorized.--Nothing in this 
                        paragraph may be construed to prevent the court 
                        from staying proceedings under this paragraph 
                        to permit the Secretary to evaluate an 
                        allegation of an unwritten policy or practice 
                        or to take corrective action. In determining 
                        whether to issue such a stay, the court shall 
                        take into account any harm the stay may cause 
                        to the claimant.''.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Section 244(h) shall not limit the 
authority of the Secretary to adjust the status of an alien under 
section 245C or 245D of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
by this subtitle.
    (d) Effect of Failure to Register on Eligibility for Immigration 
Benefits.--Failure to comply with section 264.1(f) of title 8, Code of 
Federal Regulations or with removal orders or voluntary departure 
agreements based on such section for acts committed before the date of 
the enactment of this Act shall not affect the eligibility of an alien 
to apply for a benefit under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 245A the following:

``Sec. 245B. Adjustment of status of eligible entrants before December 
                            31, 2011, to that of registered provisional 
                            immigrant.
``Sec. 245C. Adjustment of status of registered provisional immigrants.
``Sec. 245D. Adjustment of status for certain aliens who entered the 
                            United States as children.
``Sec. 245E. Additional requirements relating to registered provisional 
                            immigrants and others.''.

SEC. 2105. CRIMINAL PENALTY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 69 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 1430. Improper use of information relating to registered 
              provisional immigrant applications
    ``Any person who knowingly uses, publishes, or permits information 
described in section 245E(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to 
be examined in violation of such section shall be fined not more than 
$10,000.''.
    (b) Deposit of Fines.--All criminal penalties collected under 
section 1430 of title 18, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall be deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
Fund established under section 6(a)(1).
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections in chapter 69 of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``1430. Improper use of information relating to registered provisional 
                            immigrant applications.''.

SEC. 2106. GRANT PROGRAM TO ASSIST ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary may establish, within U.S. 
Citizenship and Immigration Services, a program to award grants, on a 
competitive basis, to eligible public or private nonprofit 
organizations that will use the funding to assist eligible applicants 
under section 245B, 245C, or 245D of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act by providing them with the services described in subsection (c).
    (b) Eligible Public or Private Non-profit Organization.--The term 
``eligible public or private nonprofit'' means a nonprofit, tax-exempt 
organization, including a community, faith-based or other immigrant-
serving organization, whose staff has demonstrated qualifications, 
experience, and expertise in providing quality services to immigrants, 
refugees, persons granted asylum, or persons applying for such 
statuses.
    (c) Use of Funds.--Grant funds awarded under this section may be 
used for the design and implementation of programs that provide--
            (1) information to the public regarding the eligibility and 
        benefits of registered provisional immigrant status authorized 
        under section 245B of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
        particularly individuals potentially eligible for such status;
            (2) assistance, within the scope of authorized practice of 
        immigration law, to individuals submitting applications for 
        registered provisional immigrant status, including--
                    (A) screening prospective applicants to assess 
                their eligibility for such status;
                    (B) completing applications and petitions, 
                including providing assistance in obtaining the 
                requisite documents and supporting evidence;
                    (C) applying for any waivers for which applicants 
                and qualifying family members may be eligible; and
                    (D) providing any other assistance that the 
                Secretary or grantees consider useful or necessary to 
                apply for registered provisional immigrant status;
            (3) assistance, within the scope of authorized practice of 
        immigration law, to individuals seeking to adjust their status 
        to that of an alien admitted for permanent residence under 
        section 245C of the Immigration and Nationality Act; and
            (4) assistance, within the scope of authorized practice of 
        immigration law, and instruction, to individuals--
                    (A) on the rights and responsibilities of United 
                States citizenship;
                    (B) in civics and civics-based English as a second 
                language; and
                    (C) in applying for United States citizenship.
    (d) Source of Grant Funds.--
            (1) Application fees.--The Secretary may use up to 
        $50,000,000 from the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
        Fund established under section 6(a)(1) to carry out this 
        section.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--
                    (A) Amounts authorized.--In addition to the amounts 
                made available under paragraph (1), there are 
                authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
                necessary for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 
                2018 to carry out this section.
                    (B) Availability.--Any amounts appropriated 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall remain available 
                until expended.

SEC. 2107. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT.

    (a) Correction of Social Security Records.--
            (1) In general.--Section 208(e)(1) of the Social Security 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 408(e)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the comma at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon;
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) who is granted status as a registered 
                provisional immigrant under section 245B or 245D of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act; or
                    ``(E) whose status is adjusted to that of lawful 
                permanent resident under section 245C of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act,''; and
                    (D) in the undesignated matter at the end, by 
                inserting ``, or in the case of an alien described in 
                subparagraph (D) or (E), if such conduct is alleged to 
                have occurred before the date on which the alien 
                submitted an application under section 245B of such Act 
                for classification as a registered provisional 
                immigrant'' before the period at the end.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the first day of the tenth month that 
        begins after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) State Discretion Regarding Termination of Parental Rights .--
            (1) In general.--A compelling reason for a State not to 
        file (or to join in the filing of) a petition to terminate 
        parental rights under section 475(5)(E) of the Social Security 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)(E)) shall include--
                    (A) the removal of the parent from the United 
                States; or
                    (B) the involvement of the parent in (including 
                detention pursuant to) an immigration proceeding, 
                unless the parent is unfit or unwilling to be a parent 
                of the child.
            (2) Conditions.--Before a State may file to terminate the 
        parental rights under such section 475(5)(E)--
                    (A) the State (or the county or other political 
                subdivision of the State, as applicable) shall make 
                reasonable efforts--
                            (i) to identify, locate, and contact, 
                        through the diplomatic or consular offices of 
                        the country to which the parent was removed or 
                        in which a parent or relative resides--
                                    (I) any parent of the child who has 
                                been removed from the United States; 
                                and
                                    (II) if possible, any potential 
                                adult relative of the child (as 
                                described in section 471(a)(29));
                            (ii) to notify such parent or relative of 
                        the intent of the State (or the county or other 
                        political subdivision of the State, as 
                        applicable) to file (or to join in the filing 
                        of) a petition referred to in paragraph (1); or
                            (iii) to reunify the child with any such 
                        parent or relative; and
                    (B) appropriate services have been provided (and 
                documented) to the parent or relative.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 475(5)(E)(ii) of the 
        Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)(E)) is amended by 
        inserting ``, including the reason set forth in section 
        2107(b)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
        Immigration Modernization Act'' after ``child''.
    (c) Children Separated From Parents and Caregivers.--
            (1) State plan for foster care and adoption assistance.--
        Section 471(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 671(a)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (19) to read as follows:
            ``(19) provides that the State shall consider giving 
        preference to an adult relative over a nonrelated caregiver 
        when determining a placement for a child if--
                    ``(A) the relative caregiver meets all relevant 
                State child protection standards; and
                    ``(B) the standards referred to in subparagraph (A) 
                ensure that the immigration status alone of a parent, 
                legal guardian, or relative shall not disqualify the 
                parent, legal guardian, or relative from being a 
                placement for a child;''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (32), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in paragraph (33), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(34) provides that the State shall--
                    ``(A) ensure that the case manager for a separated 
                child is capable of communicating in the native 
                language of such child and of the family of such child, 
                or an interpreter who is so capable is provided to 
                communicate with such child and the family of such 
                child at no cost to the child or to the family of such 
                child;
                    ``(B) coordinate with the Department of Homeland 
                Security to ensure that parents who wish for their 
                child to accompany them to their country of origin are 
                given adequate time and assistance to obtain a passport 
                and visa, and to collect all relevant vital documents, 
                such as birth certificate, health, and educational 
                records and other information;
                    ``(C) coordinate with State agencies regarding 
                alternate documentation requirements for a criminal 
                records check or a fingerprint-based check for a 
                caregiver that does not have Federal or State-issued 
                identification;
                    ``(D) preserve, to the greatest extent possible, 
                the privacy and confidentiality of all information 
                gathered in the course of administering the care, 
                custody, and placement of, and follow up services 
                provided to, a separated child, consistent with the 
                best interest of such child, by not disclosing such 
                information to other government agencies or persons 
                (other than a parent, guardian, or relative caregiver 
                or such child), except that the head of the State 
                agency may disclose such information, after placing a 
                written record of the disclosure in the file of the 
                child--
                            ``(i) to a consular official for the 
                        purpose of reunification of a child with a 
                        parent, legal guardian, or relative caregiver 
                        who has been removed or is involved in an 
                        immigration proceeding, unless the child has 
                        refused contact with, or the sharing of 
                        personal or identifying information with, the 
                        government of his or her country of origin;
                            ``(ii) when authorized to do so by the 
                        child (if the child has attained 18 years of 
                        age) if the disclosure is consistent with the 
                        best interest of the child; or
                            ``(iii) to a law enforcement agency if the 
                        disclosure would prevent imminent and serious 
                        harm to another individual; and
                    ``(E) not less frequently than annually, compile, 
                update, and publish a list of entities in the State 
                that are qualified to provide guardian and legal 
                representation services for a separated child, in a 
                language such that a child can read and understand.''.
            (2) Additional information to be included in case plan.--
        Section 475 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 675) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                    ``(H) In the case of a separated child with respect 
                to whom the State plan requires the State to provide 
                services under section 471(a)(34)--
                            ``(i) the location of the parent, guardian, 
                        or relative described in paragraph (9)(A) from 
                        whom the child has been separated; and
                            ``(ii) a written record of each disclosure 
                        to a government agency or person (other than 
                        such a parent, guardian, or relative) of 
                        information gathered in the course of tracking 
                        the care, custody, and placement of, and 
                        follow-up services provided to, the child.''; 
                        and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) The term `separated child' means an individual who--
                    ``(A) has a parent, legal guardian, or primary 
                caregiver who has been--
                            ``(i) detained by a Federal, State, or 
                        local law enforcement agency in the enforcement 
                        of an immigration law; or
                            ``(ii) removed from the United States as a 
                        result of a violation of such a law; and
                    ``(B) is in foster care under the responsibility of 
                a State.''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the 1st day of the 1st calendar quarter 
        that begins after the 1-year period that begins on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2108. GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING AND ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY 
              INTEREST.

    (a) Exemption From Government Contracting and Hiring Rules.--
            (1) In general.--A determination by a Federal agency to use 
        a procurement competition exemption under section 253(c) of 
        title 41, United States Code, or to use the authority granted 
        in paragraph (2), for the purpose of implementing this title 
        and the amendments made by this title is not subject to 
        challenge by protest to the Government Accountability Office 
        under sections 3551 and 3556 of title 31, United States Code, 
        or to the Court of Federal Claims, under section 1491 of title 
        28, United States Code. An agency shall immediately advise the 
        Congress of the exercise of the authority granted under this 
        paragraph.
            (2) Government contracting exemption.--The competition 
        requirement under section 253(a) of title 41, United States 
        Code, may be waived or modified by a Federal agency for any 
        procurement conducted to implement this title or the amendments 
        made by this title if the senior procurement executive for the 
        agency conducting the procurement--
                    (A) determines that the waiver or modification is 
                necessary; and
                    (B) submits an explanation for such determination 
                to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland 
                Security of the House of Representatives.
            (3) Hiring rules exemption.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Secretary of Homeland Security is 
        authorized to make term, temporary limited, and part-time 
        appointments of employees who will implement this title and the 
        amendments made by this title without regard to the number of 
        such employees, their ratio to permanent full-time employees, 
        and the duration of their employment. Nothing in chapter 71 of 
        title 5, United States Code, shall affect the authority of any 
        Department of Homeland Security management official to hire 
        term, temporary limited or part-time employees under this 
        paragraph.
    (b) Authority to Waive Annuity Limitations.--Section 824(g)(2)(B) 
of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4064(g)(2)(B)) is amended 
by striking ``2009'' and inserting ``2017''.
    (c) Authority to Acquire Leaseholds.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Secretary of Homeland Security may acquire a 
leasehold interest in real property, and may provide in a lease entered 
into under this subsection for the construction or modification of any 
facility on the leased property, if the Secretary determines that the 
acquisition of such interest, and such construction or modification, 
are necessary in order to facilitate the implementation of this title 
and the amendments made by this title.

SEC. 2109. LONG-TERM LEGAL RESIDENTS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE 
              NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS.

    Section (6)(e) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A Joint 
Resolution to approve the `Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of 
America', and for other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 (48 U.S.C. 
1806(e)), as added by section 702 of the Consolidated Natural Resources 
Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-229; 122 Stat. 854), is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
            ``(6) Special provision regarding long-term residents of 
        the commonwealth.--
                    ``(A) CNMI-only resident status.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (1), an alien described in subparagraph (B) 
                may, upon the application of the alien, be admitted as 
                an immigrant to the Commonwealth subject to the 
                following rules:
                            ``(i) The alien shall be treated as an 
                        immigrant lawfully admitted for permanent 
                        residence in the Commonwealth only, including 
                        permitting entry to and exit from the 
                        Commonwealth, until the earlier of the date on 
                        which--
                                    ``(I) the alien ceases to 
                                permanently reside in the Commonwealth; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) the alien's status is 
                                adjusted under this paragraph or 
                                section 245 of the Immigration and 
                                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255) to that 
                                of an alien lawfully admitted for 
                                permanent residence in accordance with 
                                all applicable eligibility 
                                requirements.
                            ``(ii) The Secretary of Homeland Security 
                        shall establish a process for such aliens to 
                        apply for CNMI-only permanent resident status 
                        during the 90-day period beginning on the first 
                        day of the sixth month after the date of the 
                        enactment of this paragraph.
                            ``(iii) Nothing in this subparagraph may be 
                        construed to provide any alien status under 
                        this subparagraph with public assistance to 
                        which the alien is not otherwise entitled.
                    ``(B) Aliens described.--An alien is described in 
                this subparagraph if the alien--
                            ``(i) is lawfully present in the 
                        Commonwealth under the immigration laws of the 
                        United States;
                            ``(ii) is otherwise admissible to the 
                        United States under the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.);
                            ``(iii) resided continuously and lawfully 
                        in the Commonwealth from November 28, 2009, 
                        through the date of the enactment of this 
                        paragraph;
                            ``(iv) is not a citizen of the Republic of 
                        the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of 
                        Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau; and
                            ``(v)(I) was born in the Northern Mariana 
                        Islands between January 1, 1974 and January 9, 
                        1978;
                            ``(II) was, on May 8, 2008, and continues 
                        to be as of the date of the enactment of this 
                        paragraph, a permanent resident (as defined in 
                        section 4303 of title 3 of the Northern Mariana 
                        Islands Commonwealth Code, in effect on May 8, 
                        2008);
                            ``(III) is the spouse or child (as defined 
                        in section 101(b)(1) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1))), of an 
                        alien described in subclauses (I) or (II);
                            ``(IV) was, on May 8, 2008, an immediate 
                        relative (as defined in section 4303 of title 3 
                        of the Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth 
                        Code, in effect on May 8, 2008, of a United 
                        States citizen, notwithstanding the age of the 
                        United States citizen, and continues to be such 
                        an immediate relative on the date of the 
                        application described in subparagraph (A);
                            ``(V) resided in the Northern Mariana 
                        Islands as a guest worker under Commonwealth 
                        immigration law for at least 5 years before May 
                        8, 2008 and is presently resident under CW-1 
                        status; or
                            ``(VI) is the spouse or child (as defined 
                        in section 101(b)(1) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1))), of the 
                        alien guest worker described in subclause (V) 
                        and is presently resident under CW-2 status.
                    ``(C) Adjustment for long term and permanent 
                residents.--Beginning on the date that is 5 years after 
                the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
                Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
                Act, an alien described in subparagraph (B) may apply 
                to receive an immigrant visa or to adjust his or her 
                status to that of an alien lawfully admitted for 
                permanent residence.''.

SEC. 2110. RULEMAKING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary, the Attorney General, and the 
Secretary of State separately shall issue interim final regulations to 
implement this subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle, which 
shall take effect immediately upon publication in the Federal Register.
    (b) Application Procedures; Processing Fees; Documentation.--The 
interim final regulations issued under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) the procedures by which an alien, and the dependent 
        spouse and children of such alien may apply for status under 
        section 245B of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
        by section 2101 of this Act, as a registered provisional 
        immigrant or a registered provisional immigrant dependent, as 
        applicable, including the evidence required to demonstrate 
        eligibility for such status or to be included in each 
        application for such status;
            (2) the criteria to be used by the Secretary to determine--
                    (A) the maximum processing fee payable under 
                sections 245B(c)(10)(B) and 245C(c)(5)(A) of such Act 
                by a family, including spouses and unmarried children 
                younger than 21 years of age; and
                    (B) which individuals will be exempt from such 
                fees;
            (3) the documentation required to be submitted by the 
        applicant to demonstrate compliance with section 245C(b)(3) of 
        such Act; and
            (4) the procedures for a registered provisional immigrant 
        to apply for adjustment of status under section 245C or 245D of 
        such Act, including the evidence required to be submitted with 
        such application to demonstrate the applicant's eligibility for 
        such adjustment.
    (c) Exemption From National Environmental Policy Act.--Any decision 
by the Secretary concerning any rulemaking action, plan, or program 
described in this section shall not be considered to be a major Federal 
action subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 
1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

SEC. 2111. STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.

    Except as specifically provided, nothing in this subtitle, or any 
amendment made by this subtitle, may be construed to create any 
substantive or procedural right or benefit that is legally enforceable 
by any party against the United States or its agencies or officers or 
any other person.

                Subtitle B--Agricultural Worker Program

SEC. 2201. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Agricultural Worker Program Act 
of 2013''.

SEC. 2202. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Blue card status.--The term ``blue card status'' means 
        the status of an alien who has been lawfully admitted into the 
        United States for temporary residence under section 2211.
            (2) Agricultural employment.--The term ``agricultural 
        employment''--
                    (A) subject to subparagraph (B) has the meaning 
                given such term in section 3 of the Migrant and 
                Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 
                1802), without regard to whether the specific service 
                or activity is temporary or seasonal; and
                    (B) includes farming in all its branches, the 
                cultivation and tillage of the soil, dairying, the 
                production, cultivation, growing, and harvesting of any 
                agricultural or horticultural commodities, the raising 
                of livestock, bees, fur-bearing animals, or poultry, 
                and any practices (including any forestry or lumbering 
                operations) performed by a farmer or on a farm as an 
                incident to, or in conjunction with, such farming 
                operations, including preparation for market, delivery 
                to storage or to market or to carriers for 
                transportation to market.
            (3) Child.--The term ``child'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)).
            (4) Employer.--The term ``employer'' means any person or 
        entity, including any farm labor contractor and any 
        agricultural association, that employs workers in agricultural 
        employment.
            (5) Qualified designated entity.--The term ``qualified 
        designated entity'' means--
                    (A) a qualified farm labor organization or an 
                association of employers designated by the Secretary; 
                or
                    (B) any other entity that the Secretary designates 
                as having substantial experience, demonstrated 
                competence, and a history of long-term involvement in 
                the preparation and submission of application for 
                adjustment of status under title II of the Immigration 
                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.).
            (6) Work day.--The term ``work day'' means any day in which 
        the individual is employed 5.75 or more hours in agricultural 
        employment.

CHAPTER 1--PROGRAM FOR EARNED STATUS ADJUSTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL WORKERS

                     Subchapter A--Blue Card Status

SEC. 2211. REQUIREMENTS FOR BLUE CARD STATUS.

    (a) Requirements for Blue Card Status.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Secretary, after conducting the national security 
and law enforcement clearances required under section 245B(c)(4), may 
grant blue card status to an alien who--
            (1)(A) performed agricultural employment in the United 
        States for not fewer than 575 hours or 100 work days during the 
        2-year period ending on December 31, 2012; or
            (B) is the spouse or child of an alien described in 
        paragraph (1);
            (2) submits a completed application before the end of the 
        period set forth in subsection (b)(2); and
            (3) is not ineligible under paragraph (3) or (4) of section 
        245B(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
    (b) Application.--
            (1) In general.--An alien who meets the eligibility 
        requirements set forth in subsection (a)(1), may apply for blue 
        card status and that alien's spouse or child may apply for 
        agricultural worker status as a dependent, by submitting a 
        completed application form to the Secretary during the 
        application period set forth in paragraph (2) in accordance 
        with the final rule promulgated by the Secretary pursuant to 
        subsection (f).
            (2) Application period.--
                    (A) Initial period.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary may only accept 
                applications for blue card status from aliens in the 
                United States during the 1-year period beginning on the 
                date on which the final rule is published in the 
                Federal Register pursuant to subsection (f).
                    (B) Extension.--If the Secretary determines, during 
                the initial period described in subparagraph (A), that 
                additional time is required to process applications for 
                blue card status or for other good cause, the Secretary 
                may extend the period for accepting applications for an 
                additional 18 months.
            (3) Application form.--
                    (A) Required information.--The application form 
                referred to in paragraph (1) shall collect such 
                information as the Secretary determines necessary and 
                appropriate.
                    (B) Family application.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a process through which an alien may submit a 
                single application under this section on behalf of the 
                alien, his or her spouse, and his or her children, who 
                are residing in the United States.
                    (C) Interview.--The Secretary may interview 
                applicants for blue card status to determine whether 
                they meet the eligibility requirements set forth in 
                subsection (a)(1).
            (4) Aliens apprehended before or during the application 
        period.--If an alien, who is apprehended during the period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending 
        on the application period described in paragraph (2), appears 
        prima facie eligible for blue card status, the Secretary--
                    (A) shall provide the alien with a reasonable 
                opportunity to file an application under this section 
                during such application period; and
                    (B) may not remove the individual until a final 
                administrative determination is made on the 
                application.
            (5) Suspension of removal during application period.--
                    (A) Protection from detention or removal.--An alien 
                granted blue card status may not be detained by the 
                Secretary or removed from the United States unless--
                            (i) such alien is, or has become, 
                        ineligible for blue card status under 
                        subsection (a)(1)(C); or
                            (ii) the alien's blue card status has been 
                        revoked under subsection (2).
                    (B) Aliens in removal proceedings.--Notwithstanding 
                any other provision of the Immigration and Nationality 
                Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.)--
                            (i) if the Secretary determines that an 
                        alien, during the period beginning on the date 
                        of the enactment of this section and ending on 
                        the last day of the application period 
                        described in paragraph (2), is in removal, 
                        deportation, or exclusion proceedings before 
                        the Executive Office for Immigration Review and 
                        is prima facie eligible for blue card status 
                        under this section--
                                    (I) the Secretary shall provide the 
                                alien with the opportunity to file an 
                                application for such status; and
                                    (II) upon motion by the Secretary 
                                and with the consent of the alien or 
                                upon motion by the alien, the Executive 
                                Office for Immigration Review shall--
                                            (aa) terminate such 
                                        proceedings without prejudice 
                                        to future proceedings on any 
                                        basis; and
                                            (bb) provide the alien a 
                                        reasonable opportunity to apply 
                                        for such status; and
                            (ii) if the Executive Office for 
                        Immigration Review determines that an alien, 
                        during the application period described in 
                        paragraph (2), is in removal, deportation, or 
                        exclusion proceedings before the Executive 
                        Office for Immigration Review and is prima 
                        facie eligible for blue card status under this 
                        section--
                                    (I) the Executive Office of 
                                Immigration Review shall notify the 
                                Secretary of such determination; and
                                    (II) if the Secretary does not 
                                dispute the determination of prima 
                                facie eligibility within 7 days after 
                                such notification, the Executive Office 
                                for Immigration Review, upon consent of 
                                the alien, shall--
                                            (aa) terminate such 
                                        proceedings without prejudice 
                                        to future proceedings on any 
                                        basis; and
                                            (bb) permit the alien a 
                                        reasonable opportunity to apply 
                                        for such status.
                    (C) Treatment of certain aliens.--
                            (i) In general.--If an alien who meets the 
                        eligibility requirements set forth in 
                        subsection (a) is present in the United States 
                        and has been ordered excluded, deported, or 
                        removed, or ordered to depart voluntarily from 
                        the United States under any provision of this 
                        Act--
                                    (I) notwithstanding such order or 
                                section 241(a)(5) of the Immigration 
                                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                                1231(a)(5)), the alien may apply for 
                                blue card status under this section; 
                                and
                                    (II) if the alien is granted such 
                                status, the alien shall file a motion 
                                to reopen the exclusion, deportation, 
                                removal, or voluntary departure order, 
                                which motion shall be granted unless 1 
                                or more of the grounds of ineligibility 
                                is established by clear and convincing 
                                evidence.
                            (ii) Limitations on motions to reopen.--The 
                        limitations on motions to reopen set forth in 
                        section 240(c)(7) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(7)) shall 
                        not apply to motions filed under clause 
                        (i)(II).
                    (D) Period pending adjudication of application.--
                            (i) In general.--During the period 
                        beginning on the date on which an alien applies 
                        for blue card status under paragraph (1) and 
                        the date on which the Secretary makes a final 
                        decision regarding such application, the 
                        alien--
                                    (I) may receive advance parole to 
                                reenter the United States if urgent 
                                humanitarian circumstances compel such 
                                travel;
                                    (II) may not be detained by the 
                                Secretary or removed from the United 
                                States unless the Secretary makes a 
                                prima facie determination that such 
                                alien is, or has become, ineligible for 
                                blue card status under subsection 
                                (a)(1)(c);
                                    (III) shall not be considered 
                                unlawfully present for purposes of 
                                section 212(a)(9)(B) of the Immigration 
                                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                                1182(a)(9)(B)); and
                                    (IV) shall not be considered an 
                                unauthorized alien (as defined in 
                                section 274A(h)(3) of the Immigration 
                                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                                1324a(h)(3))).
                            (ii) Evidence of application filing.--As 
                        soon as practicable after receiving each 
                        application for blue card status, the Secretary 
                        shall provide the applicant with a document 
                        acknowledging the receipt of such application.
                            (iii) Continuing employment.--An employer 
                        who knows an alien employee is an applicant for 
                        blue card status or will apply for such status 
                        once the application period commences is not in 
                        violation of section 274A(a)(2) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1324a(a)(2)) if the employer continues to 
                        employ the alien pending the adjudication of 
                        the alien employee's application.
                            (iv) Effect of departure.--Section 101(g) 
                        of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                        U.S.C. 1101(g)) shall not apply to an alien 
                        granted--
                                    (I) advance parole under clause 
                                (i)(I) to reenter the United States; or
                                    (II) blue card status.
            (6) Security and law enforcement clearances.--
                    (A) Biometric and biographic data.--The Secretary 
                may not grant blue card status to an alien or an alien 
                dependent spouse or child under this section unless 
                such alien submits biometric and biographic data in 
                accordance with procedures established by the 
                Secretary.
                    (B) Alternative procedures.--The Secretary shall 
                provide an alternative procedure for applicants who 
                cannot provide the standard biometric data required 
                under subparagraph (A) because of a physical 
                impairment.
                    (C) Clearances.--
                            (i) Data collection.--The Secretary shall 
                        collect, from each alien applying for status 
                        under this section, biometric, biographic, and 
                        other data that the Secretary determines to be 
                        appropriate--
                                    (I) to conduct national security 
                                and law enforcement clearances; and
                                    (II) to determine whether there are 
                                any national security or law 
                                enforcement factors that would render 
                                an alien ineligible for such status.
                            (ii) Prerequisite.--The required clearances 
                        described in clause (i)(I) shall be completed 
                        before the alien may be granted blue card 
                        status.
            (7) Duration of status and extension.--
                    (A) In general.--After the date that is 8 years 
                after the date regulations are published under this 
                section, no alien may remain in blue card status.
                    (B) Extension.--An extension of blue card status 
                may not be granted by the Secretary until renewed 
                national security and law enforcement clearances have 
                been completed with respect to the applicant, to the 
                satisfaction of the Secretary.
            (8) Fees and penalties.--
                    (A) Standard processing fee.--
                            (i) In general.--Aliens who are 16 years of 
                        age or older and are applying for blue card 
                        status under paragraph (2), or for an extension 
                        of such status, shall pay a processing fee to 
                        the Department of Homeland Security in an 
                        amount determined by the Secretary.
                            (ii) Recovery of costs.--The processing fee 
                        authorized under clause (i) shall be set at a 
                        level that is sufficient to recover the full 
                        costs of processing the application, including 
                        any costs incurred--
                                    (I) to adjudicate the application;
                                    (II) to take and process 
                                biometrics;
                                    (III) to perform national security 
                                and criminal checks, including 
                                adjudication;
                                    (IV) to prevent and investigate 
                                fraud; and
                                    (V) to administer the collection of 
                                such fee.
                            (iii) Authority to limit fees.--The 
                        Secretary, by regulation, may--
                                    (I) limit the maximum processing 
                                fee payable under this subparagraph by 
                                a family, including spouses and 
                                unmarried children younger than 21 
                                years of age; and
                                    (II) exempt defined classes of 
                                individuals from the payment of the fee 
                                authorized under clause (i).
                    (B) Deposit and use of processing fees.--Fees 
                collected pursuant to subparagraph (A)(i)--
                            (i) shall be deposited into the 
                        Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
                        established under section 6(a)(1);
                            (ii) may be used for the purposes set forth 
                        in section 6(a)(3)(B).
                    (C) Penalty.--
                            (i) Payment.--In addition to the processing 
                        fee required under subparagraph (A), aliens who 
                        are 21 years of age or older and are applying 
                        for blue card status under paragraph (2) shall 
                        pay a $100 penalty to the Department.
                            (ii) Deposit.--Penalties collected pursuant 
                        to clause (i) shall be deposited into the 
                        Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
                        established under section 6(a)(1).
            (9) Adjudication.--
                    (A) Failure to submit sufficient evidence.--The 
                Secretary shall deny an application submitted by an 
                alien who fails to submit--
                            (i) requested initial evidence, including 
                        requested biometric data; or
                            (ii) any requested additional evidence by 
                        the date required by the Secretary.
                    (B) Amended application.--An alien whose 
                application for blue card status is denied under 
                subparagraph (A) may file an amended application for 
                such status to the Secretary if the amended 
                application--
                            (i) is filed within the application period 
                        described in paragraph (2); and
                            (ii) contains all the required information 
                        and fees that were missing from the initial 
                        application.
            (10) Evidence of blue card status.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue 
                documentary evidence of blue card status to each alien 
                whose application for such status has been approved.
                    (B) Documentation features.--Documentary evidence 
                provided under subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) shall be machine-readable and tamper-
                        resistant, and shall contain a digitized 
                        photograph;
                            (ii) shall, during the alien's authorized 
                        period of admission, and any extension of such 
                        authorized admission, serve as a valid travel 
                        and entry document for the purpose of applying 
                        for admission to the United States;
                            (iii) may be accepted during the period of 
                        its validity by an employer as evidence of 
                        employment authorization and identity under 
                        section 274A(b)(1)(B) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(b)(1)(B)); and
                            (iv) shall include such other features and 
                        information as the Secretary may prescribe.
    (c) Terms and Conditions of Blue Card Status.--
            (1) Conditions of blue card status.--
                    (A) Employment.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, including section 241(a)(7) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1231(a)(7)), 
                an alien with blue card status shall be authorized to 
                be employed in the United States while in such status.
                    (B) Travel outside the united states.--An alien 
                with blue card status may travel outside of the United 
                States and may be admitted, if otherwise admissible, 
                upon returning to the United States without having to 
                obtain a visa if--
                            (i) the alien is in possession of--
                                    (I) valid, unexpired documentary 
                                evidence of blue card status that 
                                complies with subsection (b)(11); or
                                    (II) a travel document that has 
                                been approved by the Secretary and was 
                                issued to the alien after the alien's 
                                original documentary evidence was lost, 
                                stolen, or destroyed;
                            (ii) the alien's absence from the United 
                        States did not exceed 180 days, unless the 
                        alien's failure to timely return was due to 
                        extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
                        control; and
                            (iii) the alien establishes that the alien 
                        is not inadmissible under subparagraph (A)(i), 
                        (A)(iii), (B), or (C) of section 212(a)(3) of 
                        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1182(a)(3)).
                    (C) Admission.--An alien granted blue card status 
                shall be considered to have been admitted in such 
                status as of the date on which the alien's application 
                was filed.
                    (D) Clarification of status.--An alien granted blue 
                card status--
                            (i) is lawfully admitted to the United 
                        States; and
                            (ii) may not be classified as a 
                        nonimmigrant or as an alien who has been 
                        lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
            (2) Revocation.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may revoke blue card 
                status at any time after providing appropriate notice 
                to the alien, and after the exhaustion or waiver of all 
                applicable administrative review procedures under 
                section 245E(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
                as added by section 2104(a) of this Act, if the alien--
                            (i) no longer meets the eligibility 
                        requirements described in subsection (a)(1)(C);
                            (ii) knowingly used documentation issued 
                        under this section for an unlawful or 
                        fraudulent purpose; or
                            (iii) was absent from the United States 
                        for--
                                    (I) any single period longer than 
                                180 days in violation of the 
                                requirement under paragraph (1)(B)(ii); 
                                or
                                    (II) for more than 180 days in the 
                                aggregate during any calendar year, 
                                unless the alien's failure to timely 
                                return was due to extenuating 
                                circumstances beyond the alien's 
                                control.
                    (B) Additional evidence.--
                            (i) In general.--In determining whether to 
                        revoke an alien's status under subparagraph 
                        (A), the Secretary may require the alien--
                                    (I) to submit additional evidence; 
                                or
                                    (II) to appear for an interview.
                            (ii) Effect of noncompliance.--The status 
                        of an alien who fails to comply with any 
                        requirement imposed by the Secretary under 
                        clause (i) shall be revoked unless the alien 
                        demonstrates to the Secretary's satisfaction 
                        that such failure was reasonably excusable.
                    (C) Invalidation of documentation.--If an alien's 
                blue card status is revoked under subparagraph (A), any 
                documentation issued by the Secretary to such alien 
                under subsection (b)(11) shall automatically be 
                rendered invalid for any purpose except for departure 
                from the United States.
            (3) Ineligibility for public benefits.--An alien who has 
        been granted blue card status is not eligible for any Federal 
        means-tested public benefit (as such term is defined in section 
        403 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
        Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613).
            (4) Treatment of blue card status.--A noncitizen granted 
        blue card status shall be considered lawfully present in the 
        United States for all purposes while such noncitizen remains in 
        such status, except that the noncitizen--
                    (A) is not entitled to the premium assistance tax 
                credit authorized under section 36B of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986;
                    (B) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
                individuals who are not lawfully present set forth in 
                subsection (e) of such section; and
                    (C) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
                individuals who are not lawfully present set forth in 
                section 1402(e) of the Patient Protection and 
                Affordable Care Act (42 U.S.C. 18071(e)).
            (5) Adjustment to registered provisional immigrant 
        status.--The Secretary may adjust the status of an alien who 
        has been granted blue card status to the status of a registered 
        provisional immigrant under section 245B if the Secretary 
        determines that the alien is unable to fulfill the agricultural 
        service requirement set forth in section 2212(a)(1).
    (d) Record of Employment.--
            (1) In general.--Each employer of an alien granted blue 
        card status shall annually provide--
                    (A) a written record of employment to the alien; 
                and
                    (B) a copy of such record to the Secretary of 
                Agriculture.
            (2) Civil penalties.--
                    (A) In general.--If the Secretary finds, after 
                notice and an opportunity for a hearing, that an 
                employer of an alien granted blue card status has 
                knowingly failed to provide the record of employment 
                required under paragraph (1) or has provided a false 
                statement of material fact in such a record, the 
                employer shall be subject to a civil penalty in an 
                amount not to exceed $500 per violation.
                    (B) Limitation.--The penalty under subparagraph (A) 
                for failure to provide employment records shall not 
                apply unless the alien has provided the employer with 
                evidence of employment authorization provided under 
                subsection (c).
                    (C) Deposit of civil penalties.--Civil penalties 
                collected under this paragraph shall be deposited in 
                the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
                established under section 6(a)(1).
            (3) Termination of obligation.--The obligation under 
        paragraph (1) shall terminate on the date that is 8 years after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Agriculture, shall issue final regulations for granting 
blue card status under this section.

SEC. 2212. ADJUSTMENT TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), and not 
earlier than 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall adjust the status of an alien granted blue card status 
to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the 
Secretary determines that the following requirements are satisfied:
            (1) Qualifying employment.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (3), the alien--
                    (A) during the 8-year period beginning on the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, performed not less than 
                100 work days of agricultural employment during each of 
                5 years; or
                    (B) during the 5-year period beginning on the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, performed not less than 
                150 work days of agricultural employment during each of 
                3 years.
            (2) Evidence.--An alien may demonstrate compliance with the 
        requirement under paragraph (1) by submitting--
                    (A) the record of employment described in section 
                2211(e);
                    (B) documentation that may be submitted under 
                subsection (e)(5); or
                    (C) any other documentation designated by the 
                Secretary for such purpose.
            (3) Extraordinary circumstances.--
                    (A) In general.--In determining whether an alien 
                has met the requirement under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary may credit the alien with not more than 12 
                additional months of agricultural employment in the 
                United States to meet such requirement if the alien was 
                unable to work in agricultural employment due to--
                            (i) pregnancy, disabling injury, or disease 
                        that the alien can establish through medical 
                        records;
                            (ii) illness, disease, or other special 
                        needs of a child that the alien can establish 
                        through medical records;
                            (iii) severe weather conditions that 
                        prevented the alien from engaging in 
                        agricultural employment for a significant 
                        period of time; or
                            (iv) termination from agricultural 
                        employment, if the Secretary determines that--
                                    (I) the termination was without 
                                just cause; and
                                    (II) the alien was unable to find 
                                alternative agricultural employment 
                                after a reasonable job search.
                    (B) Effect of determination.--A determination under 
                subparagraph (A)(iv), with respect to an alien, shall 
                not be conclusive, binding, or admissible in a separate 
                or subsequent judicial or administrative action or 
                proceeding between the alien and a current or prior 
                employer of the alien or any other party.
            (4) Application period.--The alien applies for adjustment 
        of status before the alien's agricultural card status expires.
            (5) Fine.--The alien pays a fine of $400 to the Secretary, 
        which shall be deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration 
        Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1).
    (b) Grounds for Denial of Adjustment of Status.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may not adjust the status of 
        an alien granted blue card status if the alien--
                    (A) is no longer eligible for blue card status; or
                    (B) failed to perform the qualifying employment 
                requirement under subsection (a)(1), considering any 
                amount credited by the Secretary under subsection 
                (a)(3).
            (2) Maintenance of waivers of inadmissibility.--The grounds 
        of inadmissibility set forth in section 212(a) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)) that were 
        previously waived for the alien or made inapplicable shall not 
        apply for purposes of the alien's adjustment of status under 
        this section.
            (3) Pending revocation proceedings.--If the Secretary has 
        notified the applicant that the Secretary intends to revoke the 
        applicant's blue card status, the Secretary may not approve an 
        application for adjustment of status under this section unless 
        the Secretary makes a final determination not to revoke the 
        applicant's status.
            (4) Payment of taxes.--
                    (A) In general.--An applicant may not file an 
                application for adjustment of status under this section 
                unless the applicant has satisfied any applicable 
                Federal tax liability.
                    (B) Compliance.--The applicant may demonstrate 
                compliance with subparagraph (A) by submitting such 
                documentation as the Secretary, in consultation with 
                the Secretary of the Treasury, may require by 
                regulation.
    (c) Spouses and Children.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Secretary shall grant permanent resident status to the spouse 
or child of an alien whose status was adjusted under subsection (a) 
if--
            (1) the spouse or child applies for such status;
            (2) the principal alien includes the spouse and children in 
        an application for adjustment of status to that of a lawful 
        permanent resident; and
            (3) the spouse or child is not ineligible under section 
        245B(b)(3).
    (d) Numerical Limitations Do Not Apply.--
            (1) In general.--The numerical limitations under sections 
        201 and 202 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1151 and 1152) shall not apply to the adjustment of aliens to 
        lawful permanent resident status under this section.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 201(b)(1) is amended by 
        adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Aliens granted lawful permanent resident 
                status under section 245B.''.
    (e) Submission of Applications.--
            (1) Interview.--The Secretary may interview applicants for 
        adjustment of status under this section to determine whether 
        they meet the eligibility requirements set forth in this 
        section.
            (2) Fees .--
                    (A) In general.--Applicants for adjustment of 
                status under this section shall pay a processing fee to 
                the Secretary in an amount that will ensure the 
                recovery of the full costs of adjudicating such 
                applications, including--
                            (i) the cost of taking and processing 
                        biometrics;
                            (ii) expenses relating to prevention and 
                        investigation of fraud; and
                            (iii) costs relating to the administration 
                        of the fees collected.
                    (B) Authority to limit fees.--The Secretary, by 
                regulation--
                            (i) may limit the maximum processing fee 
                        payable under this paragraph by a family, 
                        including spouses and unmarried children 
                        younger than 21 years of age; and
                            (ii) may exempt individuals described in 
                        section 245B(c)(10) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act, as added by section 2201 of 
                        this Act, and other defined classes of 
                        individuals from the payment of the fee under 
                        subparagraph (A).
            (3) Disposition of fees.--
                    (A) In general.--All fees collected under paragraph 
                (1)(A) shall be deposited as offsetting receipts into 
                the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
                established under section 6(a)(1).
                    (B) Use of fees for application processing.--
                Amounts deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration 
                Reform Trust Fund pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall 
                remain available to the Secretary until expended for 
                processing applications for agriculture card status or 
                for adjustment of status under this section or section 
                2211.
            (4) Documentation of work history.--
                    (A) Burden of proof.--An alien applying for blue 
                card status under this section or for adjustment of 
                status under subsection (a) has provided evidence that 
                the alien has worked the requisite number of hours or 
                days required under section 2211(a)(1) or subsection 
                (a)(3), as applicable.
                    (B) Timely production of records.--If an employer 
                or farm labor contractor employing such an alien has 
                kept proper and adequate records respecting such 
                employment, the alien's burden of proof under 
                subparagraph (A) may be met by securing timely 
                production of those records under regulations to be 
                promulgated by the Secretary.
                    (C) Sufficient evidence.--An alien may meet the 
                burden of proof under subparagraph (A) to establish 
                that the alien has performed the days or hours of work 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) by producing sufficient 
                evidence to show the extent of that employment as a 
                matter of just and reasonable inference.
    (f) Limitation on Access to Information.--Files and records 
collected or compiled by a qualified designated entity for the purposes 
of this section are confidential. The Secretary may not have access to 
such a file or record relating to an alien without the consent of the 
alien, except as allowed by a court order issued pursuant to subsection 
(g).
    (g) Confidentiality of Information.--Except as otherwise provided 
in this section, the Secretary or any other official or employee of the 
Department may not--
            (1) use information furnished by the applicant pursuant to 
        an application filed under this subtitle, the information 
        provided by an applicant to a qualified designated entity, or 
        any information provided by an employer or former employer for 
        any purpose other than to make a determination on the 
        application or for imposing the penalties described in 
        subsection (h);
            (2) make any publication in which the information furnished 
        by any particular individual can be identified; or
            (3) permit a person other than a sworn officer or employee 
        of the Department or, with respect to applications filed with a 
        qualified designated entity, that qualified designated entity, 
        to examine individual applications.
    (h) Penalties for False Statements in Applications.--
            (1) Criminal penalty.--Any person who--
                    (A) files an application for blue card status under 
                section 2211 or an adjustment of status under this 
                section and knowingly and willfully falsifies, 
                conceals, or covers up a material fact or makes any 
                false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements or 
                representations, or makes or uses any false writing or 
                document knowing the same to contain any false, 
                fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry; or
                    (B) creates or supplies a false writing or document 
                for use in making such an application,
        shall be fined in accordance with title 18, United States Code, 
        imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
            (2) Inadmissibility.--An alien who is convicted of a crime 
        under paragraph (1) shall be deemed inadmissible to the United 
        States on the ground described in section 212(a)(6)(C)(i) of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(a)(6)(C)(i)).
            (3) Deposit.--Fines collected under paragraph (1) shall be 
        deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
        established under section 6(a)(1).
    (i) Eligibility for Legal Services.--Section 504(a)(11) of the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996 (Public Law 104-134; 110 Stat. 1321-
55) may not be construed to prevent a recipient of funds under the 
Legal Services Corporation Act (42 U.S.C. 2996 et seq.) from providing 
legal assistance directly related to an application for blue card 
status under section 2211 or an adjustment of status under this 
section.

SEC. 2213. USE OF INFORMATION.

    Beginning not later than the first day of the application period 
described in section 2211(c)(1), the Secretary, in cooperation with 
qualified designated entities, shall broadly disseminate information 
respecting the benefits that aliens may receive under this subchapter 
and the requirements that an alien is required to meet to receive such 
benefits.

SEC. 2214. REPORTS ON BLUE CARDS.

    Not later than September 30, 2013, and annually thereafter for the 
next 8 years, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress that 
identifies, for the previous fiscal year--
            (1) the number of aliens who applied for blue card status;
            (2) the number of aliens who were granted blue card status;
            (3) the number of aliens who applied for an adjustment of 
        status pursuant to section 2212(a); and
            (4) the number of aliens who received an adjustment of 
        status pursuant section 2212(a).

SEC. 2215. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums 
as may be necessary to implement this subpart, including any sums 
needed for costs associated with the initiation of such implementation, 
for fiscal years 2013 and 2014.

          Subchapter B--Correction of Social Security Records

SEC. 2221. CORRECTION OF SOCIAL SECURITY RECORDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 208(e)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 408(e)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or'' at the end;
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) who is granted blue card status under the 
                Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013,''; and
            (4) by striking ``1990.'' and inserting ``1990, or in the 
        case of an alien described in subparagraph (D), if such conduct 
        is alleged to have occurred before the date on which the alien 
        was granted blue card status under section 2211(a) of the 
        Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the first day of the seventh month that begins after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

           CHAPTER 2--NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL VISA PROGRAM

SEC. 2231. NONIMMIGRANT CLASSIFICATION FOR NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL 
              WORKERS.

    Section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (U), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (V), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(W) an alien having a residence in a foreign 
                country who is coming to the United States for a 
                temporary period--
                            ``(iii)(I) to perform services or labor in 
                        agricultural employment and who has a written 
                        contract that specifies the wages, benefits, 
                        and working conditions of such full-time 
                        employment in an agricultural occupation with a 
                        designated agricultural employer for a 
                        specified period of time;
                            ``(II) who meets the requirements under 
                        section 218A for a nonimmigrant visa described 
                        in this clause; and
                            ``(III) with respect to whom the Secretary 
                        of Agriculture has notified the Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security and the Secretary of State 
                        that the intending employer has accepted the 
                        terms and conditions of such employment for 
                        such a nonimmigrant; or
                            ``(iv)(I) to perform services or labor in 
                        agricultural employment and who has an offer of 
                        full-time employment in an agricultural 
                        occupation from a designated agricultural 
                        employer for such employment and is not 
                        described in clause (i);
                            ``(II) who meets the requirements under 
                        section 218A for a nonimmigrant visa described 
                        in this clause; and
                            ``(III) with respect to whom the Secretary 
                        of Agriculture has notified the Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security and the Secretary of State 
                        that the intending employer has accepted the 
                        terms and conditions of such employment for 
                        such a nonimmigrant.''.

SEC. 2232. ESTABLISHMENT OF NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title II of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 211 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``SEC. 218A. NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section and in section 101(a)(15)(W):
            ``(1) Agricultural employment.--The term `agricultural 
        employment'--
                    ``(A) subject to subparagraph (B) has the meaning 
                given such term in section 3 of the Migrant and 
                Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 
                1802), without regard to whether the specific service 
                or activity is temporary or seasonal; and
                    ``(B) includes farming in all its branches, the 
                cultivation and tillage of the soil, dairying, the 
                production, cultivation, growing, and harvesting of any 
                agricultural or horticultural commodities, the raising 
                of livestock, bees, fur-bearing animals, or poultry, 
                and any practices (including any forestry or lumbering 
                operations) performed by a farmer or on a farm as an 
                incident to, or in conjunction with, such farming 
                operations, including preparation for market, delivery 
                to storage or to market or to carriers for 
                transportation to market.
            ``(2) At-will agricultural worker.--The term `at-will 
        agricultural worker' means an alien present in the United 
        States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(W)(iv).
            ``(3) Blue card.--The term `blue card' means an employment 
        authorization and travel document issued to an alien granted 
        blue card status under section 2211(a) of the Agricultural Job 
        Opportunities, Benefits, and Security Act of 2013.
            ``(4) Contract agricultural worker.--The term `contract 
        agricultural worker' means an alien present in the United 
        States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(W)(iii).
            ``(5) Designated agricultural employer.--The term 
        `designated agricultural employer' means an employer who is 
        registered with the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to 
        subsection (e)(1).
            ``(6) Electronic job registry.--The term `Electronic Job 
        Registry' means the Electronic Job Registry of a State 
        workforce agency (or similar successor registry).
            ``(7) Employer.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
        `employer' means any person or entity, including any farm labor 
        contractor and any agricultural association, that employs 
        workers in agricultural employment.
            ``(8) Nonimmigrant agricultural worker.--The term 
        `nonimmigrant agricultural worker' mean a nonimmigrant 
        described in clause (iii) or (iv) of section 101(a)(15)(W).
            ``(9) Program.--The term `Program' means the Nonimmigrant 
        Agricultural Worker Program established under subsection (b).
            ``(10) Secretary.--Except as otherwise specifically 
        provided, the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
        Agriculture.
            ``(11) United states worker.--The term `United States 
        worker' means an individual who--
                    ``(A) is a national of the United States; or
                    ``(B) is an alien who--
                            ``(i) is lawfully admitted for permanent 
                        residence;
                            ``(ii) is admitted as a refugee under 
                        section 207;
                            ``(iii) is granted asylum under section 
                        208;
                            ``(iv) holds an blue card; or
                            ``(v) is an immigrant otherwise authorized 
                        by this Act or by the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security to be employed in the United States.
    ``(b) Requirements.--
            ``(1) Employer.--An employer may not employ an alien for 
        agricultural employment under the Program unless such employer 
        is a designated agricultural employer and complies with the 
        terms of this section.
            ``(2) Worker.--An alien may not be employed for 
        agricultural employment under the Program unless such alien is 
        a nonimmigrant agricultural worker and complies with the terms 
        of this section.
    ``(c) Numerical Limitation.--
            ``(1) First 5 years of program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
                worldwide level of visas for nonimmigrant agricultural 
                workers for the fiscal year during which the first visa 
                is issued to a nonimmigrant agricultural worker and for 
                each of the following 4 fiscal years shall be equal 
                to--
                            ``(i) 112,333; and
                            ``(ii) the numerical adjustment made by the 
                        Secretary for such fiscal year in accordance 
                        with paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Quarterly allocation.--The annual allocation 
                of visas described in subparagraph (A) shall be evenly 
                allocated between the 4 quarters of the fiscal year 
                unless the Secretary determines that an alternative 
                allocation would better accommodate the seasonal demand 
                for visas. Any unused visas in a quarter shall be added 
                to the allocation for the subsequent quarter of the 
                same fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Effect of 2nd or subsequent designated 
                agricultural employer.--A nonimmigrant agricultural 
                worker who has a valid visa issued under this section 
                that counted against the allocation described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall not be recounted against the 
                allocation if the worker is petitioned for by a 
                subsequent designated agricultural employer.
            ``(2) Annual adjustments for first 5 years of program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, after reviewing 
                relevant evidence submitted by agricultural producers 
                and organizations representing agricultural workers, 
                may increase or decrease, as appropriate, the worldwide 
                level of visas under paragraph (1) for each of the 5 
                fiscal years referred to in paragraph (1) based on the 
                following factors:
                            ``(i) A demonstrated shortage of 
                        agricultural workers.
                            ``(ii) The level of unemployment and 
                        underemployment of agricultural workers during 
                        the preceding fiscal year.
                            ``(iii) The number of applications for blue 
                        card status.
                            ``(iv) The number of blue card visa 
                        applications approved.
                            ``(v) The number of nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural workers sought by employers during 
                        the preceding fiscal year.
                            ``(vi) The estimated number of United 
                        States workers, including blue card workers, 
                        who worked in agriculture during the preceding 
                        fiscal year.
                            ``(vii) The number of nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural workers issued a visa in the most 
                        recent fiscal year who remain in the United 
                        States in compliance with the terms of such 
                        visa.
                            ``(viii) The number of United States 
                        workers who accepted jobs offered by employers 
                        using the Electronic Job Registry during the 
                        preceding fiscal year.
                            ``(ix) Any growth or contraction of the 
                        United States agricultural industry that has 
                        increased or decreased the demand for 
                        agricultural workers.
                            ``(x) Any changes in the real wages paid to 
                        agricultural workers in the United States as an 
                        indication of a shortage or surplus of 
                        agricultural labor.
                    ``(B) Notification; implementation.--The Secretary 
                shall notify the Secretary of Homeland Security of any 
                change to the worldwide level of visas for nonimmigrant 
                agricultural workers. The Secretary of Homeland 
                Security shall implement such changes.
                    ``(C) Emergency procedures.--The Secretary shall 
                establish, by regulation, procedures for immediately 
                adjusting an annual allocation under paragraph (1) for 
                severe labor shortages, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Sixth and subsequent years of program.--The 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
        establish the worldwide level of visas for nonimmigrant 
        agricultural workers for each fiscal year following the fiscal 
        years referred to in paragraph (1) after considering 
        appropriate factors, including--
                    ``(A) a demonstrated shortage of agricultural 
                workers;
                    ``(B) the level of unemployment and underemployment 
                of agricultural workers during the preceding fiscal 
                year;
                    ``(C) the number of applications for blue card 
                status;
                    ``(D) the number of blue card visa applications 
                approved;
                    ``(E) the number of nonimmigrant agricultural 
                workers sought by employers during the preceding fiscal 
                year;
                    ``(F) the estimated number of United States 
                workers, including blue card workers, who worked in 
                agriculture during the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(G) the number of nonimmigrant agricultural 
                workers issued a visa in the most recent fiscal year 
                who remain in the United States in compliance with the 
                terms of such visa;
                    ``(H) the number of United States workers who 
                accepted jobs offered by employers using the Electronic 
                Job Registry during the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(I) any growth or contraction of the United 
                States agricultural industry that has increased or 
                decreased the demand for agricultural workers; and
                    ``(J) any changes in the real wages paid to 
                agricultural workers in the United States as an 
                indication of a shortage or surplus of agricultural 
                labor.
    ``(d) Requirements for Nonimmigrant Agricultural Workers.--
            ``(1) Eligibility for nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
        status.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An alien is not eligible to be 
                admitted to the United States as a nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker if the alien--
                            ``(i) violated a material term or condition 
                        of a previous admission as a nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker during the most recent 3-
                        year period (other than a contract agricultural 
                        worker who voluntarily abandons his or her 
                        employment before the end of the contract 
                        period or whose employment is terminated by the 
                        employer for cause);
                            ``(ii) has not obtained successful 
                        clearance of any security and criminal 
                        background checks required by the Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security or any other examination 
                        required under this Act; or
                            ``(iii)(I) departed from the United States 
                        while subject to an order of exclusion, 
                        deportation, or removal, or pursuant to an 
                        order of voluntary departure; and
                            ``(II)(aa) is outside of the United States; 
                        or
                            ``(bb) has reentered the United States 
                        illegally after December 31, 2012 without 
                        receiving consent to the alien's reapplication 
                        for admission under section 212(a)(9).
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
                application of subparagraph (A)(iii) on behalf of an 
                alien if the alien--
                            ``(i) is the spouse or child of a United 
                        States citizen or lawful permanent resident;
                            ``(ii) is the parent of a child who is a 
                        United States citizen or lawful permanent 
                        resident;
                            ``(iii) meets the requirements set forth in 
                        clause (ii) or (iii) of section 245D(b)(1)(A); 
                        or
                            ``(iv)(I) meets the requirements set forth 
                        in section 245D(b)(1)(A)(ii);
                            ``(II) is 16 years or older on the date on 
                        which the alien applies for nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural status; and
                            ``(III) was physically present in the 
                        United States for an aggregate period of not 
                        less than 3 years during the 6-year period 
                        immediately preceding the date of the enactment 
                        of this section.
            ``(2) Term of stay for nonimmigrant agricultural workers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Initial admission.--A nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker may be admitted into the 
                        United States in such status for an initial 
                        period of 3 years.
                            ``(ii) Renewal.--A nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker may renew such worker's 
                        period of admission in the United States for 1 
                        additional 3-year period.
                    ``(B) Break in presence.--A nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker who has been admitted to the United 
                States for 2 consecutive periods under subparagraph (A) 
                is ineligible to renew the alien's nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker status until such alien--
                            ``(i) returns to a residence outside the 
                        United States for a period of not less than 3 
                        months; and
                            ``(ii) seeks to reenter the United States 
                        under the terms of the Program as a 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural worker.
            ``(3) Loss of status.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An alien admitted as a 
                nonimmigrant agricultural worker shall be ineligible 
                for such status and shall be required to depart the 
                United States if such alien--
                            ``(i) after the completion of his or her 
                        contract with a designated agricultural 
                        employer, is not employed in agricultural 
                        employment by a designated agricultural 
                        employer; or
                            ``(ii) is an at-will agricultural worker 
                        and is not continuously employed by a 
                        designated agricultural employer in 
                        agricultural employment as an at-will 
                        agricultural worker.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Subject to subparagraph (C), a 
                nonimmigrant agricultural worker has not violated 
                subparagraph (A) if the contract agricultural worker is 
                not employed in agricultural employment for a period 
                not to exceed 60 days.
                    ``(C) Waiver.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), 
                the Secretary of Homeland Security may waive the 
                application of clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) 
                for a nonimmigrant agricultural worker who was not 
                employed in agricultural employment for a period of 
                more than 60 days if such period of unemployment was 
                due to--
                            ``(i) the injury of such worker; or
                            ``(ii) a natural disaster declared by the 
                        Secretary.
                    ``(D) Tolling of employment requirement.--A 
                nonimmigrant agricultural worker may leave the United 
                States for up to 60 days in any fiscal year while in 
                such status. During the period in which the worker is 
                outside of the United States, the 60-day limit 
                specified in subparagraph (B) shall be tolled.
            ``(4) Portability of status.--
                    ``(A) Contract agricultural workers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), an alien who entered the United 
                        States as a contract agricultural worker may--
                                    ``(I) seek employment as a 
                                nonimmigrant agricultural worker with a 
                                designated agricultural employer other 
                                than the designated agricultural 
                                employer with whom the employee had a 
                                contract described in section 
                                101(a)(15)(W)(ii)(I); and
                                    ``(II) accept employment with such 
                                new employer after the date the 
                                contract agricultural worker completes 
                                such contract.
                            ``(ii) Voluntary abandonment; termination 
                        for cause.--A contract agricultural worker who 
                        voluntarily abandons his or her employment 
                        before the end of the contract period or whose 
                        employment is terminated for cause by the 
                        employer--
                                    ``(I) may not accept subsequent 
                                employment with another designated 
                                agricultural employer without first 
                                departing the United States and 
                                reentering pursuant to a new offer of 
                                employment; and
                                    ``(II) is not entitled to the 75 
                                percent payment guarantee described in 
                                subsection (e)(4)(B).
                            ``(iii) Termination by mutual agreement.--
                        The termination of an employment contract by 
                        mutual agreement of the designated agricultural 
                        employer and the contract agricultural worker 
                        shall not be considered voluntary abandonment 
                        for purposes of clause (ii).
                    ``(B) At-will agricultural workers.--An alien who 
                entered the United States as an at-will agricultural 
                worker may seek employment as an at-will agricultural 
                worker with any other designated agricultural employer 
                referred to in section 101(a)(15)(W)(iii)(I).
            ``(5) Prohibition on geographic limitation.--A nonimmigrant 
        visa issued to a nonimmigrant agricultural worker--
                    ``(A) shall not limit the geographical area within 
                which such worker may be employed;
                    ``(B) shall not limit the type of agricultural 
                employment such worker may perform; and
                    ``(C) may restrict such worker to employment with 
                designated agricultural employers.
            ``(6) Treatment of spouses and children.--A spouse or child 
        of a nonimmigrant agricultural worker--
                    ``(A) shall not be entitled to visa or other 
                immigration status by virtue of the relationship of 
                such spouse or child to such worker; and
                    ``(B) may be provided status as a nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker if the spouse or child is 
                independently qualified for such status.
    ``(e) Employer Requirements.--
            ``(1) Designated agricultural employer status.--
                    ``(A) Registration requirement.--Each employer 
                seeking to employ nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
                shall register for designated agricultural employer 
                status by submitting to the Secretary, through the Farm 
                Service Agency in the geographic area of the employer 
                or electronically to the Secretary, a registration that 
                includes--
                            ``(i) the employer's employer 
                        identification number; and
                            ``(ii) a registration fee, in an amount 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall grant 
                designated agricultural employer status to an employer 
                who submits an registration for such status that 
                includes--
                            ``(i) documentation that the employer is 
                        engaged in agriculture;
                            ``(ii) the estimated number of nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural workers the employer will need 
                        each year;
                            ``(iii) the anticipated periods during 
                        which the employer will need such workers; and
                            ``(iv) documentation establishing need for 
                        a specified agricultural occupation or 
                        occupations.
                    ``(C) Designation.--
                            ``(i) Registration number.--The Secretary 
                        shall assign each employer that meets the 
                        criteria established pursuant to subparagraph 
                        (B) with a designated agricultural employer 
                        registration number.
                            ``(ii) Term of designation.--Each employer 
                        granted designated agricultural employer status 
                        under this paragraph shall retain such status 
                        for a term of 3 years.
                    ``(D) Assistance.--In carrying out the functions 
                described in this subsection, the Secretary may work 
                through the Farm Service Agency, or any other agency in 
                the Department of Agriculture--
                            ``(i) to assist agricultural employers with 
                        the registration process under this paragraph 
                        by providing such employers with--
                                    ``(I) technical assistance and 
                                expertise;
                                    ``(II) internet access for 
                                submitting such applications; and
                                    ``(III) a nonelectronic means for 
                                submitting such registrations; and
                            ``(ii) to provide resources about the 
                        Program, including best practices and 
                        compliance related assistance and resources or 
                        training to assist in retention of such workers 
                        to agricultural employers.
                    ``(E) Deposit of registration fee.--All 
                registration fees collected under subparagraph (A)(ii) 
                shall be deposited in the Comprehensive Immigration 
                Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1) of 
                the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
                Immigration Modernization Act.
            ``(2) Nonimmigrant agricultural worker petition process.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 45 days before 
                the date on which nonimmigrant agricultural workers are 
                needed, a designated agricultural employer seeking to 
                employ such workers shall submit a petition to the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security that includes the 
                employer's designated agricultural employer 
                registration number.
                    ``(B) Attestation.--An application submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include an attestation of the 
                following
                            ``(i) the number of named or unnamed 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural workers the 
                        designated agricultural employer is seeking to 
                        employ during the applicable period of 
                        employment;
                            ``(ii) the total number of contract 
                        agricultural workers and of at-will 
                        agricultural workers the employer will require 
                        for each occupational category;
                            ``(iii) the anticipated period, including 
                        expected beginning and ending dates, during 
                        which such employees will be needed;
                            ``(iv) evidence of contracts or written 
                        disclosures of employment terms and conditions 
                        in accordance with the Migrant and Seasonal 
                        Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 
                        1801 et seq.), which have been provided to the 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural workers, or a sample 
                        of such contract or disclosure for unnamed 
                        workers;
                            ``(v) the information submitted to the 
                        State workforce agency pursuant to paragraph 
                        (3)(A)(i);
                            ``(vi) the record of United States workers 
                        described in paragraph (3)(A)(iv) on the date 
                        of the request;
                            ``(vii) evidence of offers of employment 
                        made to United States workers as required under 
                        paragraph (3)(B); and
                            ``(viii) that the employer has complied 
                        with the conditions pursuant to (4)(A) and 
                        (4)(B).
                    ``(C) Employment authorization when changing 
                employers.--Nonimmigrant agricultural workers in the 
                United States who are identified in a petition 
                submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) and are in 
                lawful status may commence employment with their 
                designated agricultural employer after such employer 
                has submitted such petition to the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security.
            ``(3) Employment of united states workers.--
                    ``(A) Recruitment.--
                            ``(i) Filing a job offer with the local 
                        office of the state workforce agency.--Not 
                        later than 60 days before the date on which the 
                        employer desires to employ a nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker, the employer shall submit 
                        the job posting for such worker to the local 
                        office of the State workforce agency where the 
                        job site is located and authorize the posting 
                        of the job opportunity on `America's Job Bank' 
                        or other Electronic Job Registry for a period 
                        of 45 days. Nothing in this clause may be 
                        construed to require the employer to file an 
                        interstate job order under section 653.500 of 
                        title 20, Code of Federal Regulations.
                            ``(ii) Construction.--Nothing in clause (i) 
                        may be construed to cause a listing referred to 
                        in clause (i) to be treated as an interstate 
                        job order under section 653.500 of title 20, 
                        Code of Federal Regulations (or similar 
                        successor regulation).
                            ``(iii) Record of united states workers.--
                        An employer shall keep a record of all 
                        eligible, able, willing, and qualified United 
                        States workers who apply for agricultural 
                        employment with the employer for the 
                        agricultural employment for which the 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural nonimmigrant workers 
                        are sought.
                    ``(B) Requirement to hire.--
                            ``(i) United states workers.--An employer 
                        may not seek a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
                        for agricultural employment unless the employer 
                        offers such employment to any equally or better 
                        qualified United States worker who will be 
                        available at the time and place of need and who 
                        applies for such employment during the 
                        recruitment period.
                            ``(ii) Blue card status.--Except as 
                        provided in clause (iii), the employer shall, 
                        for each job to be filled by a nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker, offer the job to any 
                        eligible alien with blue card status who--
                                    ``(I) applies for such job;
                                    ``(II) is equally or better 
                                qualified for the job; and
                                    ``(III) will be available at the 
                                time and place of need.
                            ``(iii) Exception.--Notwithstanding clauses 
                        (i) and (ii), the employer may hire a 
                        nonimmigrant described in section 
                        101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) for agricultural 
                        employment if--
                                    ``(I) such worker worked for the 
                                employer for 3 years during the 4-year 
                                period ending on the date on which the 
                                program authorized under section 218 
                                (as in effect on the date of the 
                                enactment of the Agricultural Worker 
                                Program Act of 2013) is terminated; and
                                    ``(II) the employer pays such 
                                worker the adverse effect wage rate 
                                calculated under subsection (f)(5).
            ``(4) Additional program requirements for designated 
        agricultural employers.--Each designated agricultural employer 
        shall comply with the following requirements:
                    ``(A) No displacement of united states workers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The employer shall not 
                        displace a United States worker employed by the 
                        employer, other than for good cause, during the 
                        period of employment of the nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker and for a period of 30 days 
                        preceding such period in the occupation and at 
                        the location of employment for which the 
                        employer seeks to employ nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural workers.
                            ``(ii) Labor dispute.--The employer shall 
                        not employ a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
                        for a specific job for which the employer is 
                        requesting a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
                        because the former occupant of the job is on 
                        strike or being locked out in the course of a 
                        labor dispute.
                    ``(B) Guarantee of employment for contract 
                agricultural workers.--
                            ``(i) Offer to contract worker.--The 
                        employer shall guarantee to offer contract 
                        agricultural workers employment for the hourly 
                        equivalent of at least 75 percent of the work 
                        days of the total period of employment, 
                        beginning with the first work day after the 
                        arrival of the worker at the place of 
                        employment and ending on the expiration date 
                        specified in the job offer. In this clause, the 
                        term `hourly equivalent' means the number of 
                        hours in the work days as stated in the job 
                        offer and shall exclude the worker's Sabbath 
                        and Federal holidays. If the employer affords 
                        the contract agricultural worker less 
                        employment than the number of hours required 
                        under this subparagraph, the employer shall pay 
                        such worker the amount the worker would have 
                        earned had the worker worked the guaranteed 
                        number of hours.
                            ``(ii) Failure to work.--Any hours which 
                        the worker fails to work, up to a maximum of 
                        the number of hours specified in the job offer 
                        for a work day, when the worker has been 
                        offered an opportunity to do so, and all hours 
                        of work actually performed (including voluntary 
                        work in excess of the number of hours specified 
                        in the job offer in a work day, on the worker's 
                        Sabbath, or on Federal holidays) may be counted 
                        by the employer in calculating whether the 
                        period of guaranteed employment has been met.
                            ``(iii) Contract impossibility.--If, before 
                        the expiration of the period of employment 
                        specified in the job offer, the services of a 
                        contract agricultural worker are no longer 
                        required for reasons beyond the control of the 
                        employer due to any form of natural disaster, 
                        including a flood, hurricane, freeze, 
                        earthquake, fire, drought, plant or animal 
                        disease or pest infestation, or regulatory 
                        drought, before the guarantee in subparagraph 
                        (A) is fulfilled, the employer--
                                    ``(I) may terminate the worker's 
                                employment;
                                    ``(II) shall fulfill the employment 
                                guarantee described in subparagraph (B) 
                                for the work days that have elapsed 
                                from the first work day after the 
                                arrival of the worker to the 
                                termination of employment;
                                    ``(III) shall make efforts to 
                                transfer the worker to other comparable 
                                employment acceptable to the worker; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) if such a transfer does not 
                                take place, shall provide the return 
                                transportation required under 
                                subparagraph (J).
                    ``(C) Workers' compensation.--
                            ``(i) Requirement to provide.--If a job 
                        referred to in paragraph (3) is not covered by 
                        the State workers' compensation law, the 
                        employer shall provide, at no cost to the 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural worker, insurance 
                        covering injury and disease arising out of, and 
                        in the course of, such job.
                            ``(ii) Benefits.--The insurance required to 
                        be provided under clause (i) shall provide 
                        benefits at least equal to those provided under 
                        and pursuant to State's workers' compensation 
                        law for comparable employment.
                    ``(D) Prohibition for use for nonagricultural 
                services.--The employer may not employ a nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker for employment other than 
                agricultural employment.
                    ``(E) Wages.--The employer shall pay the wage 
                required under subsection (f).
                    ``(F) Deduction of wages.--The employer shall make 
                only deductions from a nonimmigrant agricultural 
                worker's wages that are authorized by law or are 
                reasonable and customary in the occupation and area of 
                employment of such worker.
                    ``(G) Requirement to provide housing or a housing 
                allowance.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clauses (iv) and (v), a designated agricultural 
                        employer shall offer to provide a nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker with housing in accordance 
                        with clause (ii) or (iii).
                            ``(ii) Housing.--An employer may provide 
                        housing to a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
                        that meets--
                                    ``(I) applicable Federal standards 
                                for temporary labor camps; or
                                    ``(II) applicable local standards 
                                (or, in the absence of applicable local 
                                standards, State standards) for rental 
                                or public accommodation housing or 
                                other substantially similar class of 
                                habitation.
                            ``(iii) Housing payments.--
                                    ``(I) Public housing.--If the 
                                employer arranges public housing for 
                                nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
                                through a State, county, or local 
                                government program and such public 
                                housing units normally require payments 
                                from tenants, such payments shall be 
                                made by the employer directly to the 
                                landlord.
                                    ``(II) Deposits.--Deposits for 
                                bedding or other similar incidentals 
                                related to housing shall not be 
                                collected from workers by employers who 
                                provide housing for such workers.
                                    ``(III) Damages.--The employer may 
                                require any worker who is responsible 
                                for damage to housing that did not 
                                result from normal wear and tear 
                                related to habitation to reimburse the 
                                employer for the reasonable cost of 
                                repairing such damage.
                            ``(iv) Housing allowance alternative.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The employer may 
                                provide a reasonable housing allowance 
                                instead of providing housing under 
                                clause (i). Upon the request of a 
                                worker seeking assistance in locating 
                                housing, the employer shall make a good 
                                faith effort to assist the worker in 
                                identifying and locating housing in the 
                                area of intended employment. An 
                                employer who offers a housing allowance 
                                to a worker or assists a worker in 
                                locating housing, which the worker 
                                occupies shall not be deemed a housing 
                                provided under section 203 of the 
                                Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural 
                                Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 1823) 
                                solely by virtue of providing such 
                                housing allowance. No housing allowance 
                                may be used for housing that is owned 
                                or controlled by the employer.
                                    ``(II) Certification requirement.--
                                Contract agricultural workers may only 
                                be provided a housing allowance if the 
                                Governor of the State in which the 
                                place of employment is located 
                                certifies to the Secretary that there 
                                is adequate housing available in the 
                                area of intended employment for migrant 
                                farm workers and contract agricultural 
                                workers who are seeking temporary 
                                housing while employed in agricultural 
                                work. Such certification shall expire 
                                after 3 years unless renewed by the 
                                Governor of the State.
                                    ``(III) Amount of allowance.--
                                            ``(aa) Nonmetropolitan 
                                        counties.--If the place of 
                                        employment of the workers 
                                        provided an allowance under 
                                        this clause is a 
                                        nonmetropolitan county, the 
                                        amount of the housing allowance 
                                        under this clause shall be 
                                        equal to the average fair 
                                        market rental for existing 
                                        housing in nonmetropolitan 
                                        counties in the State in which 
                                        the place of employment is 
                                        located, as established by the 
                                        Secretary of Housing and Urban 
                                        Development pursuant to section 
                                        8(c) of the United States 
                                        Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
                                        1437f(c)), based on a 2-bedroom 
                                        dwelling unit and an assumption 
                                        of 2 persons per bedroom.
                                            ``(bb) Metropolitan 
                                        counties.--If the place of 
                                        employment of the workers 
                                        provided an allowance under 
                                        this clause is a metropolitan 
                                        county, the amount of the 
                                        housing allowance under this 
                                        clause shall be equal to the 
                                        average fair market rental for 
                                        existing housing in 
                                        metropolitan counties in the 
                                        State in which the place of 
                                        employment is located, as 
                                        established by the Secretary of 
                                        Housing and Urban Development 
                                        pursuant to section 8(c) of the 
                                        United States Housing Act of 
                                        1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(c)), 
                                        based on a 2-bedroom dwelling 
                                        unit and an assumption of 2 
                                        persons per bedroom.
                            ``(v) Exception for commuting workers.--
                        Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed 
                        to require an employer to provide housing or a 
                        housing allowance to workers who reside outside 
                        of the United States if their place of 
                        residence is within normal commuting distance 
                        and the job site is within 50 miles of an 
                        international land border of the United States.
                    ``(H) Worksite transportation for contract 
                workers.--During the period a designated agricultural 
                employer employs a contract worker, such employer 
                shall, at the employer's option, provide or reimburse 
                the contract worker for the cost of transportation from 
                the contract worker's residence in the United States to 
                the contract worker's place of employment.
                    ``(I) Reimbursement of transportation to place of 
                employment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        subclause (II) a contract agricultural worker 
                        who completes at least 27 months under his or 
                        her contract with the same designated 
                        agricultural employer shall be reimbursed by 
                        that employer for the cost of the worker's 
                        transportation and subsistence from the place 
                        of employment to the place from which the 
                        worker came from abroad to work for the 
                        employer.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (iii), the amount of reimbursement 
                        provided under clause (i) to a worker shall not 
                        exceed the lesser of--
                                    ``(I) the actual cost to the worker 
                                of the transportation and subsistence 
                                involved; or
                                    ``(II) the most economical and 
                                reasonable common carrier 
                                transportation charges and subsistence 
                                costs for the distance involved.
                            ``(iii) Distance traveled.--The employer 
                        shall not be required to reimburse a worker 
                        under clause (i) if--
                                    ``(I) the distance traveled is 100 
                                miles or less; or
                                    ``(II) the worker is not residing 
                                in employer-provided housing or housing 
                                secured through an allowance described 
                                in subclause (I)(iv).
                    ``(J) Reimbursement of transportation from place of 
                employment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Except as 
                                provided in subclause (II), a contract 
                                agricultural worker who completes at 
                                least 75 percent of a contract for a 
                                designated agricultural employer shall 
                                be reimbursed by the employer for the 
                                cost of the worker's transportation and 
                                subsistence from the place of 
                                employment to the place from which the 
                                worker came to work for the employer.
                                    ``(II) Exception.--If a contract 
                                agricultural worker was employed by 
                                another designated agricultural worker 
                                after terminating employment with the 
                                designated agricultural employer 
                                described in subclause (I) and before 
                                returning to the place outside the 
                                United States from which the worker 
                                came, the subsequent designated 
                                agricultural employer shall reimburse 
                                the worker for the costs described in 
                                subclause (I).
                                    ``(III) Single trip.--A contract 
                                agricultural worker is only entitled to 
                                be reimbursed by a designated 
                                agricultural employer under this 
                                subparagraph for travel to the place 
                                from which the worker came at the time 
                                the worker is leaving the Program.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (iii), the amount of reimbursement 
                        provided under clause (i) to a worker shall not 
                        exceed the lesser of--
                                    ``(I) the actual cost to the worker 
                                of the transportation and subsistence 
                                involved; or
                                    ``(II) the most economical and 
                                reasonable common carrier 
                                transportation charges and subsistence 
                                costs for the distance involved.
                            ``(iii) Distance traveled.--The employer 
                        shall not be required to reimburse a worker 
                        under clause (i) if--
                                    ``(I) the distance traveled is 100 
                                miles or less; or
                                    ``(II) the worker is not residing 
                                in employer-provided housing or housing 
                                secured through an allowance described 
                                in subclause (I)(iv).
                            ``(iv) Early termination.--If a contract 
                        agricultural worker is laid off or the worker's 
                        employment is terminated for contract 
                        impossibility (as described in subparagraph 
                        (C)(iii)) before completing 75 percent of such 
                        contract, the employer shall reimburse the 
                        worker for the costs described in clause 
                        (i)(I).
            ``(5) Violation of program requirements.--If the Secretary 
        determines, after an opportunity for a hearing, that a 
        designated agricultural employer has violated a term under this 
        section the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) impose penalties, including fines; and
                    ``(B) for serious violations, disqualify the 
                employer from future enrollment in the Program for a 
                period of not more than 3 years.
    ``(f) Wages.--
            ``(1) Wage rate requirement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A nonimmigrant agricultural 
                worker employed by a designated agricultural employer 
                shall be paid the wage rate for such employment set 
                forth in paragraph (3).
                    ``(B) Workers paid on a piece rate or other 
                incentive basis.--If an employer pays by the piece rate 
                or other incentive method and requires one or more 
                minimum productivity standards as a condition of job 
                retention, such standards shall be specified in the job 
                offer and be no more than those which have been 
                normally required (at the time of the employee's 
                initial entry into the country as a nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker) by other employers for the 
                activity in the geographic area of the job, unless the 
                Secretary approves a higher standard.
            ``(2) Job categories.--For purposes of paragraph (1), each 
        nonimmigrant agricultural worker employed by such employer 
        shall be assigned to 1 of the following standard occupational 
        classifications, as defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics:
                    ``(A) First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, 
                and Forestry Workers (45-1011).
                    ``(B) Animal Breeders (45-2021).
                    ``(C) Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 
                (45-2041).
                    ``(D) Agricultural equipment operator (45-2091).
                    ``(E) Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and 
                Greenhouse (45-2092).
                    ``(F) Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch and Aquacultural 
                Animals (45-2093).
            ``(3) Determination of wage rate.--
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2014 through 2016.--The wage 
                rate under this subparagraph for fiscal years 2014 
                through 2016 shall be the higher of--
                            ``(i) the applicable Federal, State or 
                        local minimum wage; or
                            ``(ii)(I) for the category described in 
                        paragraph (2)(C)--
                                    ``(aa) $9.37 for fiscal year 2014;
                                    ``(bb) $9.60 for fiscal year 2015; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) $9.84 for fiscal year 2016;
                            ``(II) for the category described in 
                        paragraph (2)(D)--
                                    ``(aa) $11.30 for fiscal year 2014;
                                    ``(bb) $11.58 for fiscal year 2015; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) $11.87 for fiscal year 2016;
                            ``(III) for the category described in 
                        paragraph (2)(E)--
                                    ``(aa) $9.17 for fiscal year 2014;
                                    ``(bb) $9.40 for fiscal year 2015; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) $9.64 for fiscal year 2016; 
                                and
                            ``(IV) for the category described in 
                        paragraph (2)(F)--
                                    ``(aa) $10.82 for fiscal year 2014;
                                    ``(bb) $11.09 for fiscal year 2015; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) $11.37 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(B) Subsequent years.--The Secretary shall 
                increase the hourly wage rates set forth in clauses (i) 
                through (iv) of subparagraph (A), for each fiscal year 
                after the fiscal years described in subparagraph (A) by 
                an amount equal to--
                            ``(i) 1.5 percent, if the percentage 
                        increase in the Employment Cost Index for wages 
                        and salaries during the previous fiscal year, 
                        as calculated by the Bureau of Labor 
                        Statistics, is less than 1.5 percent;
                            ``(ii) the percentage increase in such 
                        Employment Cost Index, if such percentage 
                        increase is between 1.5 percent and 2.5 
                        percent, inclusive; or
                            ``(iii) 2.5 percent, if such percentage 
                        increase is greater than 2.5 percent.
                    ``(C) Agricultural supervisors and animal 
                breeders.--Not later than September 1, 2015, and 
                annually thereafter, the Secretary, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of Labor, shall establish the 
                prevailing wage for the next fiscal year for each of 
                the job categories set out in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                of paragraph (2).
                    ``(D) Survey by bureau of labor statistics.--Not 
                later than April 15, 2015, the Bureau of Labor 
                Statistics shall consult with the Secretary to expand 
                the Occupational and Employment Survey to survey 
                agricultural producers and contractors and produce 
                improved wage data by State and the job categories set 
                out in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Consideration.--In determining the wage rate under 
        paragraph (3), the Secretary may consider appropriate factors, 
        including--
                    ``(A) whether the employment of additional alien 
                workers at the prevailing wage will adversely affect 
                the wages and working conditions of workers in the 
                United States similarly employed;
                    ``(B) whether the employment in the United States 
                of an alien admitted under section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) 
                or unauthorized aliens in the agricultural workforce 
                has depressed wages of United States workers engaged in 
                agricultural employment below the levels that would 
                otherwise have prevailed if such aliens had not been 
                employed in the United States;
                    ``(C) whether wages of agricultural workers are 
                sufficient to support such workers and their families 
                at a level above the poverty thresholds determined by 
                the Bureau of Census;
                    ``(D) the wages paid workers in the United States 
                who are not employed in agricultural employment but who 
                are employed in comparable employment;
                    ``(E) the continued exclusion of employers of 
                nonimmigrant alien workers in agriculture from the 
                payment of taxes under chapter 21 of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) and 
                chapter 23 of such Code (26 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.);
                    ``(F) the impact of farm labor costs in the United 
                States on the movement of agricultural production to 
                foreign countries;
                    ``(G) a comparison of the expenses and cost 
                structure of foreign agricultural producers to the 
                expenses incurred by agricultural producers based in 
                the United States; and
                    ``(H) the accuracy and reliability of the 
                Occupational and Employment Survey.
            ``(5) Adverse effect wage rate.--
                    ``(A) Prohibition of modification.--The adverse 
                effect wage rates in effect on April 15, 2013, for 
                nonimmigrants admitted under 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a)--
                            ``(i) shall remain in effect until the date 
                        described in section 2233 of the Agricultural 
                        Worker Program Act of 2013; and
                            ``(ii) may not be modified except as 
                        provided in subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Exception.--Until the Secretary establishes 
                the wage rates required under paragraph (3)(C), the 
                adverse effect wage rates in effect on the date of the 
                enactment of the Agricultural Worker Program Act of 
                2013 shall be--
                            ``(i) deemed to be such wage rates; and
                            ``(ii) after September 1, 2015, adjusted 
                        annually in accordance with paragraph (3)(B).
            ``(6) Equal wages, benefits, and working conditions.--
                    ``(A) Preferential treatment of aliens 
                prohibited.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The employer's job offer 
                        must offer to United States workers no less 
                        than the same benefits, wages, and working 
                        conditions that the employer is offering, 
                        intends to offer, or will provide to 
                        nonimmigrant workers. Conversely, no job offer 
                        may impose on United States workers any 
                        restrictions or obligations which will not be 
                        imposed on the employer's nonimmigrants.
                            ``(ii) Similarly situated u.s. workers.--
                        Except as provided in paragraph (3), all 
                        similarly situated U.S. workers employed at the 
                        same place of employment in the same 
                        occupational classification as the nonimmigrant 
                        workers must be provided the same wages, 
                        benefits, and working conditions described in 
                        this section.
                            ``(iii) Exception.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (2), an employer is not required 
                        to provide housing for similarly situated 
                        United States workers, other than United States 
                        workers recruited and hired pursuant to an 
                        offer of employment in connection with an 
                        application.
                    ``(B) Attestation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each designated 
                        agricultural employer shall include an 
                        attestation that the employer is or is not a 
                        Program dependent employer in its petition for 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural workers under 
                        paragraph (2).
                            ``(ii) Program dependent employer 
                        determination.--Each designated agricultural 
                        employer shall annually determine whether the 
                        employer is a Program dependent employer, with 
                        at least 60 percent of its employees who are 
                        not United States workers, based upon--
                                    ``(I) the total number of employees 
                                employed by an employer during the 
                                preceding calendar year, as evidenced 
                                by the employer's payroll records; and
                                    ``(II) the employer's E-Verify 
                                records indicating the citizenship and 
                                alien status of each employee employed 
                                by the employer.
                    ``(C) Housing exception.--An employer described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall only be required to provide 
                housing to United States workers in accordance with 
                subsection (e)(4)(H) if such workers do not reside 
                within 100 miles of their place of employment.
    ``(g) Worker Protections and Dispute Resolution.--
            ``(1) Equality of treatment.--Nonimmigrant agricultural 
        workers shall not be denied any right or remedy under any 
        Federal, State, or local labor or employment law applicable to 
        United States workers engaged in agricultural employment.
            ``(2) Applicability of the migrant and seasonal 
        agricultural worker protection act.--
                    ``(A) Migrant and seasonal agricultural worker 
                protection act.--Nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
                shall be considered migrant agricultural workers for 
                purposes of the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural 
                Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.).
                    ``(B) Eligibility of nonimmigrant agricultural 
                workers for certain legal assistance.--A nonimmigrant 
                agricultural worker shall be considered to be lawfully 
                admitted for permanent residence for purposes of 
                establishing eligibility for legal services under the 
                Legal Services Corporation Act (42 U.S.C. 2996 et seq.) 
                on matters relating to wages, housing, transportation, 
                and other employment rights.
                    ``(C) Mediation.--
                            ``(i) Free mediation services.--The Federal 
                        Mediation and Conciliation Service shall be 
                        available to assist in resolving disputes 
                        arising under this section between nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural workers and designated 
                        agricultural employers without charge to the 
                        parties.
                            ``(ii) Complaint.--If a nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural worker files a complaint under 
                        section 504 of the Migrant and Seasonal 
                        Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 
                        1854), not later than 60 days after the filing 
                        of proof of service of the complaint, a party 
                        to the action may file a request with the 
                        Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service to 
                        assist the parties in reaching a satisfactory 
                        resolution of all issues involving all parties 
                        to the dispute.
                            ``(iii) Notice.--Upon filing a request 
                        under clause (ii) and giving of notice to the 
                        parties, the parties shall attempt mediation 
                        within the period specified in clause (iv).
                            ``(iv) 90-day limit.--The Federal Mediation 
                        and Conciliation Service may conduct mediation 
                        or other nonbinding dispute resolution 
                        activities for a period not to exceed 90 days 
                        beginning on the date on which the Federal 
                        Mediation and Conciliation Service receives a 
                        request for assistance under clause (ii) unless 
                        the parties agree to an extension of such 
                        period.
                            ``(v) Authorization of appropriations.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                clause (II), there are authorized to be 
                                appropriated to the Federal Mediation 
                                and Conciliation Service $500,000 for 
                                each fiscal year to carry out this 
                                subparagraph.
                                    ``(II) Mediation.--Notwithstanding 
                                any other provision of law, the 
                                Director of the Federal Mediation and 
                                Conciliation Service is authorized--
                                            ``(aa) to conduct the 
                                        mediation or other dispute 
                                        resolution activities from any 
                                        other account containing 
                                        amounts available to the 
                                        Director; and
                                            ``(bb) to reimburse such 
                                        account with amounts 
                                        appropriated pursuant to 
                                        subclause (I).
                            ``(vi) Private mediation.--If all parties 
                        agree, a private mediator may be employed as an 
                        alternative to the Federal Mediation and 
                        Conciliation Service.
            ``(3) Other rights.--Nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
        shall be entitled to the rights granted to other classes of 
        aliens under sections 242(h) and 245E.
            ``(4) Waiver of rights.--Agreements by nonimmigrant 
        agricultural workers to waive or modify any rights or 
        protections under this section shall be considered void or 
        contrary to public policy except as provided in a collective 
        bargaining agreement with a bona fide labor organization.
    ``(h) Enforcement Authority.--
            ``(1) Review.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        review petitions submitted by designated agricultural employers 
        under subsection (e)(2) for completeness or obvious 
        inaccuracies.
            ``(2) Investigation of complaints.--
                    ``(A) Aggrieved person or third-party complaints.--
                            ``(i) Process.--The Secretary of Labor 
                        shall establish a process for the receipt, 
                        investigation, and disposition of complaints 
                        respecting a designated agricultural employer's 
                        failure to meet a condition specified in 
                        subsection (e), or an employer's 
                        misrepresentation of material facts in a 
                        petition under subsection (e)(2).
                            ``(ii) Filing.--Any aggrieved person or 
                        organization, including bargaining 
                        representatives, may file a complaint referred 
                        to in clause (i) not later than 1 year after 
                        the date of the failure or misrepresentation, 
                        respectively.
                            ``(iii) Investigation or hearing.--The 
                        Secretary of Labor shall conduct an 
                        investigation if there is reasonable cause to 
                        believe that such failure or misrepresentation 
                        has occurred.
                    ``(B) Determination on complaint.--Under such 
                process, the Secretary of Labor shall provide, not 
                later than 30 days after the date on which such a 
                complaint is filed, for a determination as to whether 
                or not a reasonable basis exists to make a finding 
                described in subparagraph (C), (D), (E), or (F). If the 
                Secretary of Labor determines that such a reasonable 
                basis exists, the Secretary of Labor shall provide for 
                notice of such determination to the interested parties 
                and an opportunity for a hearing on the complaint, in 
                accordance with section 556 of title 5, United States 
                Code, within 60 days after the date of the 
                determination. If such a hearing is requested, the 
                Secretary of Labor shall make a finding concerning the 
                matter not later than 60 days after the date of the 
                hearing. In the case of similar complaints respecting 
                the same applicant, the Secretary of Labor may 
                consolidate the hearings under this subparagraph on 
                such complaints.
                    ``(C) Failure to meet conditions.--If the Secretary 
                of Labor finds, after notice and opportunity for a 
                hearing, a failure to meet a condition under subsection 
                (e) or (f), or made a material misrepresentation of 
                fact in a petition under subsection (e)(2)--
                            ``(i) the Secretary of Labor shall notify 
                        the Secretary of such finding and may, in 
                        addition, impose such other administrative 
                        remedies (including civil money penalties in an 
                        amount not to exceed $1,000 per violation) as 
                        the Secretary of Labor determines to be 
                        appropriate; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary may disqualify the 
                        designated agricultural employer from the 
                        employment of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
                        for a period of 1 year.
                    ``(D) Willful failures and willful 
                misrepresentations.--If the Secretary of Labor finds, 
                after notice and opportunity for hearing, a willful 
                failure to meet a condition under subsection (e) or (f) 
                or a willful misrepresentation of a material fact in an 
                application or petition under paragraph (1) or (2) of 
                subsection (e)--
                            ``(i) the Secretary of Labor shall notify 
                        the Secretary of such finding and may, in 
                        addition, impose such other administrative 
                        remedies (including civil money penalties in an 
                        amount not to exceed $5,000 per violation) as 
                        the Secretary of Labor determines to be 
                        appropriate;
                            ``(ii) the Secretary of Labor may seek 
                        appropriate legal or equitable relief to 
                        effectuate the purposes of subsection (e)(8); 
                        and
                            ``(iii) the Secretary may disqualify the 
                        designated agricultural employer from the 
                        employment of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
                        for a period of 2 years.
                    ``(E) Displacement of united states workers.--If 
                the Secretary of Labor finds, after notice and 
                opportunity for hearing, a willful failure to meet a 
                condition under subsection (e) or (f) or a willful 
                misrepresentation of a material fact in an application 
                or petition under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection 
                (e), in the course of which failure or 
                misrepresentation the employer displaced a United 
                States worker employed by the employer during the 
                period of employment on the employer's petition under 
                subsection (e)(2) or during the period of 30 days 
                preceding such period of employment--
                            ``(i) the Secretary of Labor shall notify 
                        the Secretary of such finding and may, in 
                        addition, impose such other administrative 
                        remedies (including civil money penalties in an 
                        amount not to exceed $15,000 per violation) as 
                        the Secretary of Labor determines to be 
                        appropriate; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary may disqualify the 
                        employer from the employment of nonimmigrant 
                        agricultural workers for a period of 3 years.
                    ``(F) Failures to pay wages or required benefits.--
                If the Secretary of Labor finds, after notice and 
                opportunity for a hearing, that the employer has failed 
                to pay the wages, or provide the housing allowance, 
                transportation, subsistence reimbursement, or guarantee 
                of employment required under subsection (e)(4) and (f), 
                the Secretary of Labor shall assess payment of back 
                wages, or other required benefits, due any United 
                States worker or nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
                employed by the employer in the specific employment in 
                question. The back wages or other required benefits 
                required under subsection (e) and (f) shall be equal to 
                the difference between the amount that should have been 
                paid and the amount that actually was paid to such 
                worker.
                    ``(G) Disposition of penalties.--Civil penalties 
                collected under this paragraph shall be deposited into 
                the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
                established under section 6(a)(1) of the Border 
                Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                Modernization Act.
            ``(3) Limitations on civil money penalties.--The Secretary 
        of Labor shall not impose total civil money penalties with 
        respect to a petition under subsection (e)(2) in excess of 
        $90,000.
            ``(4) Election.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker who has 
        filed an administrative complaint with the Secretary of Labor 
        may not maintain a civil action under paragraph (2) unless a 
        complaint based on the same violation filed with the Secretary 
        of Labor under subsection (a)(1) is withdrawn before the filing 
        of such action, in which case the rights and remedies available 
        under this subsection shall be exclusive.
            ``(5) Preclusive effect.--Any settlement by a nonimmigrant 
        agricultural worker, a designated agricultural employer, or any 
        person reached through the mediation process required under 
        subsection (g)(2)(C) shall preclude any right of action arising 
        out of the same facts between the parties in any Federal or 
        State court or administrative proceeding, unless specifically 
        provided otherwise in the settlement agreement.
            ``(6) Settlements.--Any settlement by the Secretary of 
        Labor on behalf of a designated agricultural worker on behalf 
        of a nonimmigrant agricultural worker of a complaint filed with 
        the Secretary of Labor under this section or any finding by the 
        Secretary of Labor under this subsection shall preclude any 
        right of action arising out of the same facts between the 
        parties under any Federal or State court or administrative 
        proceeding, unless specifically provided otherwise in the 
        settlement agreement.
            ``(7) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        may be construed as limiting the authority of the Secretary of 
        Labor to conduct any compliance investigation under any other 
        labor law, including any law affecting migrant and seasonal 
        agricultural workers, or, in the absence of a complaint under 
        this section, under paragraph (1), (3), or (4) of subsection 
        (e), in the settlement agreement.
            ``(8) Discrimination prohibited.--It is a violation of this 
        subsection for any person to intimidate, threaten, restrain, 
        coerce, blacklist, discharge, or in any other manner 
        discriminate against an employee, including a former employee 
        or an applicant for employment, because the employee--
                    ``(A) has disclosed information to the employer, or 
                to any other person, that the employee reasonably 
                believes evidences a violation of subsection (e), or 
                any rule or regulation relating to subsection (e); or
                    ``(B) cooperates or seeks to cooperate in an 
                investigation or other proceeding concerning the 
                employer's compliance with the requirements under 
                subsection (e) or any rule or regulation pertaining to 
                subsection (e).
            ``(9) Role of associations.--
                    ``(A) Violation by a member of an association.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If an association acting 
                        as the agent of an employer files an 
                        application on behalf of such employer, the 
                        employer is fully responsible for such 
                        application, and for complying with the terms 
                        and conditions of subsection (e). If such an 
                        employer is determined to have violated any 
                        requirement described in this subsection, the 
                        penalty for such violation shall apply only to 
                        that employer except as provided in clause 
                        (ii).
                            ``(ii) Collective responsibility.--If the 
                        Secretary of Labor determines that the 
                        association or other members of the association 
                        participated in, had knowledge of, or reason to 
                        know of a violation described in clause (i), 
                        the penalty shall also be invoked against the 
                        association and complicit association members.
                    ``(B) Violations by an association acting as an 
                employer.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If an association filing 
                        an application as a sole or joint employer is 
                        determined to have violated any requirement 
                        described in this section, the penalty for such 
                        violation shall apply only to the association 
                        except as provided in clause (ii).
                            ``(ii) Member responsibility.--If the 
                        Secretary of Labor determines that 1 or more 
                        association members participated in, had 
                        knowledge of, or reason to know of the 
                        violation described in clause (i), the penalty 
                        shall be invoked against all complicit 
                        association members.
    ``(i) Special Nonimmigrant Visa Processing and Wage Determination 
Procedures for Certain Agricultural Occupations.--
            ``(1) Finding.--Certain industries possess unique 
        occupational characteristics that necessitate the Secretary of 
        Agriculture adopt special procedures relating to housing, pay, 
        and visa program application requirements for those industries.
            ``(2) Special procedures industries defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `Special Procedures Industries' means--
                    ``(A) sheepherding and goat herding;
                    ``(B) itinerant commercial beekeeping and 
                pollination;
                    ``(C) open range production of livestock;
                    ``(D) itinerant animal shearing;
                    ``(E) custom combining industries; and
                    ``(F) any other industry designated by the 
                Secretary, upon petition by an employer, as a Special 
                Procedures Industry.
            ``(3) Work locations.--The Secretary shall allow designated 
        agricultural employers in a Special Procedures Industry that do 
        not operate in a single fixed-site location to provide, as part 
        of application and job description under the Program, a list of 
        anticipated work locations, which--
                    ``(A) may include an anticipated itinerary; and
                    ``(B) may be subsequently amended by the employer, 
                after notice to the Secretary.
            ``(4) Wage rates.--The Secretary may establish monthly, 
        weekly, or biweekly wage rates for occupations in a Special 
        Procedures Industry for a State or other geographic area. For 
        an employer in those Special Industries that typically pay a 
        monthly wage, the Secretary shall require that workers will be 
        paid not less frequently than monthly and at a rate no less 
        than the legally required monthly cash wage for such employer 
        as of the date of enactment and in an amount as re-determined 
        annually by the Secretary of Agriculture through rulemaking.
            ``(5) Housing.--The Secretary shall allow for the provision 
        of housing or a housing allowance by employers in Special 
        Procedures Industries and allow housing suitable for workers 
        employed in remote locations.
            ``(6) Allergy limitation.--An employer engaged in the 
        commercial beekeeping or pollination services industry may 
        require that an applicant be free from bee pollen or honey-
        related allergies.
            ``(7) Application.--An individual employer in Special 
        Procedures Industry may file visa program applications on its 
        own behalf, including with use of an agent, or in conjunction 
        with an association of employers, and in any case the 
        employer's application may be part of several related 
        applications submitted simultaneously that constitute a master 
        application.
            ``(8) Rulemaking.--The Secretary of Agriculture, after 
        consultation with employers and employee representatives, shall 
        publish for notice and comment proposed regulations relating to 
        housing, pay and application procedures for Special Procedure 
        Industries.
    ``(j) Miscellaneous Provisions.--
            ``(1) Disqualification of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
        from financial assistance.--An alien admitted as a nonimmigrant 
        agricultural worker is not eligible for any program of 
        financial assistance under Federal law (whether through grant, 
        loan, guarantee, or otherwise) on the basis of financial need, 
        as such programs are identified by the Secretary in 
        consultation with other agencies of the United States.
            ``(2) Monitoring requirement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall monitor the 
                movement of nonimmigrant agricultural workers through--
                            ``(i) the Employment Verification System 
                        described in section 274A(b); and
                            ``(ii) the electronic monitoring system 
                        established pursuant to subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Electronic monitoring system.--The Secretary 
                of Homeland Security, through the Director of U.S. 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services, shall establish 
                an electronic monitoring system, which shall--
                            ``(i) be modeled on the Student and 
                        Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) and 
                        the SEVIS II tracking system administered by 
                        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
                            ``(ii) monitor the presence and employment 
                        of nonimmigrant agricultural workers; and
                            ``(iii) assist in ensuring the compliance 
                        of designated agricultural employers and 
                        nonimmigrant agricultural workers with the 
                        requirements of the Program.''.
    (b) Rulemaking.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall issue 
regulations to cary out section 218A of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act, as added by subsection (a), not later than 1 year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in the first section 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after the item relation to section 219 the 
following:

``Sec. 218A. Nonimmigrant agricultural worker program.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2014.

SEC. 2233. TRANSITION OF H-2A WORKER PROGRAM.

    (a) Sunset of Program.--An employer may not petition to employ an 
alien present in the United States pursuant to section 
101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a)) after the date that is 1 year after the 
effective date of the regulations issued pursuant to section 2241(b).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Repeal of h-2a nonimmigrant category.--Section 
        101(a)(15)(H)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)) is amended by striking subclause 
        (a).
            (2) Repeal of admission requirements for h-2a worker.--
        Section 218 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1188) is repealed.
            (3) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Amendment of petition requirements.--Section 
                214(c)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                U.S.C. 1184(g)(9)) is amended by striking ``For 
                purposes of this subsection'' and all that follows.
            (4) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the 
        effective date of the regulations issued pursuant to section 
        2241(b).

SEC. 2234. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL WORKERS.

    (a) Annual Report by Secretary of Agriculture.--Not later than 
September 30 of each year, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit a 
report to Congress that identifies, for the previous year, the number, 
disaggregated by State and by occupation, of--
            (1) job opportunities approved for employment of aliens 
        admitted pursuant to clause (iii) or clause (iv) of section 
        101(a)(15)(W) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
        by section 2232; and
            (2) aliens actually admitted pursuant to each such clause.
    (b) Annual Report by Secretary of Homeland Security.--Not later 
than September 30 of each year, the Secretary shall submit a report to 
Congress that identifies, for the previous year, the number of aliens 
described in subsection (a)(2) who--
            (1) violated the terms of the nonimmigrant agricultural 
        worker program established under section 218A(b) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 2232; and
            (2) have not departed from the United States.

                      CHAPTER 3--OTHER PROVISIONS

SEC. 2241. RULEMAKING.

    (a) Consultation Requirement.--In the course of promulgating any 
regulation necessary to implement this subtitle, or the amendments made 
by this subtitle, the Secretary, the Secretary of Agriculture, the 
Secretary of Labor, and the Secretary of State shall regularly consult 
with each other.
    (b) Deadline for Issuance of Regulations.--Except as provided in 
section 2232(b), all regulations to implement this subtitle and the 
amendments made by this subtitle shall be issued not later than 6 
months after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2242. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary and the Secretary of Agriculture shall jointly 
submit a report to Congress that describes the measures being taken and 
the progress made in implementing this subtitle and the amendments made 
by this subtitle.

SEC. 2243. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle, except for 
sections 2221, 2242, and 2243, shall take effect on the date on which 
the regulations required under section 2241(e) are issued, regardless 
of whether such regulations are issued on an interim basis or on any 
other basis.

                     Subtitle C--Future Immigration

SEC. 2301. MERIT-BASED POINTS TRACK ONE.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Worldwide level of merit-based immigrants.--Section 
        201(e) (8 U.S.C. 1151(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Worldwide Level of Merit-based Immigrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Numerical limitation.--Subject to paragraphs 
                (2), (3), and (4), the worldwide level of merit-based 
                immigrants is equal to 120,000 for each fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Status.--An alien admitted on the basis of a 
                merit-based immigrant visa under this section shall 
                have the status of an alien lawfully admitted for 
                permanent residence.
            ``(2) Annual increase.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B) and 
                paragraph (3), if in any fiscal year the worldwide 
                level of visas available for merit-based immigrants 
                under this section--
                            ``(i) is less than 75 percent of the number 
                        of applicants for such fiscal year, the 
                        worldwide level shall increase by 5 percent for 
                        the next fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) is equal to or more than 75 percent 
                        of such number, the worldwide level for the 
                        next fiscal year shall be the same as the 
                        worldwide level for such fiscal year, minus any 
                        amount added to the worldwide level for such 
                        fiscal year under paragraph (4).
                    ``(B) Limitation on increase.--The worldwide level 
                of visas available for merit-based immigrants shall not 
                exceed 250,000.
            ``(3) Employment consideration.--The worldwide level of 
        visas available for merit-based immigrants may not be increased 
        for a fiscal year under paragraph (2) if the annual average 
        unemployment rate for the civilian labor force 18 years or over 
        in the United States, as determined by the Bureau of Labor 
        Statistics, for such previous fiscal year is more than 8\1/2\ 
        percent.
            ``(4) Recapture of unused visas.--The worldwide level of 
        merit-based immigrants described in paragraph (1) for a fiscal 
        year shall be increased by the difference (if any) between the 
        worldwide level established under paragraph (1) for the 
        previous fiscal year and the number of visas actually issued 
        under this subsection during that fiscal year. Such visas shall 
        be allocated for the following year pursuant to section 
        203(c)(3).''.
            (2) Merit-based immigrants.--Section 203 (8 U.S.C. 1153), 
        as amended by section 213, is further amended by inserting 
        after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Merit-based Immigrants.--
            ``(1) Fiscal years 1 through 4.--For the first 4 fiscal 
        years beginning after the date of enactment of the Border 
        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
        Act, the worldwide level of merit-based immigrant visas made 
        available under section 201(e)(1) shall be available for aliens 
        described in section 203(b)(3) and in addition to any visas 
        available for such aliens under such section.
            ``(2) Subsequent fiscal years.--Beginning with the fifth 
        fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of the 
        Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
        Modernization Act, aliens subject to the worldwide level 
        specified in section 201(e) for merit-based immigrants shall be 
        allocated as follows:
                    ``(A) 50 percent shall be available to applicants 
                with the highest number of points allocated under tier 
                1 in paragraph (4).
                    ``(B) 50 percent shall be available to applicants 
                with the highest number of points allocated under tier 
                2 in paragraph (5).
            ``(3) Unused visas.--If the total number of visas allocated 
        to tier 1 or tier 2 for a fiscal year are not granted during 
        that fiscal year, such number may be added to the number of 
        visas available section 201(e)(1) for the following fiscal year 
        and allocated as follows:
                    ``(A) If the unused visas were allocated for tier 1 
                in a fiscal year, \2/3\ of such visas shall be 
                available for aliens allocated visas under tier 1 in 
                the following fiscal year and \1/3\ of such visas shall 
                be available for aliens allocated visas under either 
                tier 1 or tier 2 in the following fiscal year.
                    ``(B) If the unused visas were allocated for tier 2 
                in a fiscal year, \2/3\ of such visas shall be 
                available for aliens allocated visas under tier 2 in 
                the following fiscal year and \1/3\ of such visas shall 
                be available for aliens allocated visas under either 
                tier 1 or tier 2 in the following fiscal year.
            ``(4) Tier 1.--The Secretary shall allocate points to each 
        alien seeking to be a tier 1 merit-based immigrant as follows:
                    ``(A) Education.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An alien may received 
                        points under only one of the following 
                        categories:
                                    ``(I) An alien who has received a 
                                doctorate degree shall be allocated 15 
                                points.
                                    ``(II) An alien who has received a 
                                master's degree shall be allocated 10 
                                points.
                            ``(ii) An alien who has received a 
                        bachelor's degree from an institution of higher 
                        education (as defined in section 101(a) of the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1001(a)) shall be allocated 5 points.
                    ``(B) Employment experience.--An alien shall be 
                allocated not more than 20 points as follows:
                            ``(i) 3 points for each year the alien has 
                        been lawfully employed in a zone 5 occupation 
                        in the United States.
                            ``(ii) 2 points for each year the alien has 
                        been lawfully employed in a zone 4 occupation 
                        in the United States.
                    ``(C) Employment related to education.--An alien 
                who in the United States and is employed full-time or 
                has an offer of full-time employment in a field related 
                to the alien's education--
                            ``(i) in a zone 5 occupation shall be 
                        allocated 10 points; or
                            ``(ii) in a zone 4 occupation shall be 
                        allocated 8 points.
                    ``(D) Entrepreneurship.--An alien who is an 
                entrepreneur in business that employs at least 2 
                employee in a zone 4 occupation or a zone 5 occupation 
                shall be allocated 10 points.
                    ``(E) High demand occupation.--An alien who is 
                employed full-time in the United States or has an offer 
                of full-time employment in a high demand occupation 
                high demand tier 1 occupation shall be allocated 10 
                points.
                    ``(F) Civic involvement.--An alien who has attested 
                that he or she has engaged in a significant amount of 
                community service, as determined by the Secretary, 
                shall be allocated 2 points.
                    ``(G) English language.--An alien who received a 
                score of 80 or more on the Test of English as a Foreign 
                Language, or an equivalent score on a similar test, as 
                determined by the Secretary, shall be allocated points 
                10 points.
                    ``(H) Siblings and married sons and daughters of 
                citizens.--An alien who is the sibling of a citizen of 
                the United States or who is more than 31 years of age 
                and is the married son or married daughter of a citizen 
                of the United States shall be allocated 10 points.
                    ``(I) Age.--An alien who is--
                            ``(i) between 18 and 24 years of age shall 
                        be allocated 8 points;
                            ``(ii) between 25 and 32 years of age shall 
                        be allocated 6 points; or
                            ``(iii) between 33 and 37 years of age 
                        shall be allocated 4 points.
                    ``(J) Country of origin.--An alien who is a 
                national of a country of which fewer than 50,000 
                nationals were lawfully admitted to permanent residence 
                in the United States in the previous 5 years shall be 
                allocated 5 points.
            ``(5) Tier 2.--The Secretary shall allocate points to each 
        alien seeking to be a tier 2 merit-based immigrant as follows:
                    ``(A) Employment experience.--An alien shall be 
                allocated 2 points for each year the alien has been 
                lawfully employed in the United States, for a total of 
                not more than 20 points.
                    ``(B) Special employment criteria.--An alien who is 
                employed full-time in the United States, or has an 
                offer of full-time employment--
                            ``(i) in a high demand tier 2 occupation 
                        shall be allocated 10 points; or
                            ``(ii) in a zone 1 occupation or zone 2 
                        occupation shall be allocated 10 points.
                    ``(C) Caregiver.--An alien who is or has been a 
                primary caregiver shall be allocated 10 points.
                    ``(D) Exceptional employment record.--An alien who 
                has a record of exceptional employment, as determined 
                by the Secretary, shall be allocated 10 points. In 
                determining a record of exceptional employment, the 
                Secretary shall consider factors including promotions, 
                longevity, changes in occupations from a lower job zone 
                to a higher job zone , good safety record, and an 
                increases in pay.
                    ``(E) Civic involvement.--An alien who has 
                demonstrated significant shall civic involvement shall 
                be allocated 2 points.
                    ``(F) English language.--An alien who received a 
                score on the Test of English as a Foreign Language, or 
                an equivalent score on a similar test, as determined by 
                the Secretary of Homeland Security of--
                            ``(i) 75 or more shall be allocated points 
                        10 points; or
                            ``(ii) more than 54 and less than 75 shall 
                        be allocated 5 points.
                    ``(G) Siblings and married sons and daughters of 
                citizens.--An alien who is the sibling of a citizen of 
                the United States or is over the age of 31 and is the 
                married son or married daughter of a citizen of the 
                United States shall be allocated 10 points.
                    ``(H) Age.--An alien who is--
                            ``(i) between 18 and 24 years of age shall 
                        be allocated 8 points;
                            ``(ii) between 25 and 32 years of age shall 
                        be allocated 6 points; or
                            ``(iii) between 33 and 37 years of age 
                        shall be allocated 4 points.
                    ``(I) Country of origin.--An alien who is a 
                national of a country of which fewer than 50,000 
                nationals were lawfully admitted to permanent residence 
                in the United States in the previous 5 years shall be 
                allocated 5 points.
            ``(6) Fee.--An alien who is allocated a visa under this 
        section shall pay a fee of $500.
            ``(7) Eligibility of aliens in registered provisional 
        immigrant status.--An alien who was granted registered 
        provisional immigrant status may be granted a merit-based 
        immigrant visa under section 201(e) and may begin accruing 
        points under subsections (b), (d), and (e) no earlier than the 
        date that is 10 years after the date of the enactment of the 
        Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
        Modernization Act.
            ``(8) Ineligibility of aliens with pending or approved 
        petitions.--An alien who has a petition pending or approved in 
        another immigrant category under this section or section 201 
        may not apply for a merit-based immigrant visa.
            ``(9) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) High demand tier 1 occupation.--The term 
                `high demand tier 1 occupation' means 1 of the 5 
                occupations for which the highest number of 
                nonimmigrants described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) 
                were sought to be admitted by employers during the 
                previous fiscal year.
                    ``(B) High demand tier 2 occupation.--The term 
                `high demand tier 2 occupation' means 1 of the 5 
                occupations for which the highest number of positions 
                were sought to become registered positions by employers 
                under section 220(e) during the previous fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security.
                    ``(D) Zone 1 occupation.--The term `zone 1 
                occupation' means an occupation that requires little or 
                no preparation and is classified as a zone 1 occupation 
                on--
                            ``(i) the Occupational Information Network 
                        Database (O*NET) on the date of the enactment 
                        of this Act; or
                            ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor 
                        database, as designated by the Secretary of 
                        Labor, after the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act.
                    ``(E) Zone 2 occupation.--The term `zone 2 
                occupation' means an occupation that requires some 
                preparation and is classified as a zone 2 occupation 
                on--
                            ``(i) the Occupational Information Network 
                        Database (O*NET) on the date of the enactment 
                        of this Act; or
                            ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor 
                        database, as designated by the Secretary of 
                        Labor, after the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act.
                    ``(F) Zone 3 occupation.--The term `zone 3 
                occupation' means an occupation that requires medium 
                preparation and is classified as a zone 3 occupation 
                on--
                            ``(i) the Occupational Information Network 
                        Database (O*NET) on the date of the enactment 
                        of this Act; or
                            ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor 
                        database, as designated by the Secretary of 
                        Labor, after the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act.
                    ``(G) Zone 4 occupation.--The term `zone 3 
                occupation' means an occupation that requires 
                considerable preparation and is classified as a zone 4 
                occupation on--
                            ``(i) the Occupational Information Network 
                        Database (O*NET) on the date of the enactment 
                        of this Act; or
                            ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor 
                        database, as designated by the Secretary of 
                        Labor, after the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act.
                    ``(H) Zone 5 occupation.--The term `zone 5 
                occupation' means an occupation that requires extensive 
                preparation and is classified as a zone 5 occupation 
                on--
                            ``(i) the Occupational Information Network 
                        Database (O*NET) on the date of the enactment 
                        of this Act; or
                            ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor 
                        database, as designated by the Secretary of 
                        Labor, after the date of the enactment of this 
                        Act.''.
    (b) Modification of Points.--The Secretary may submit to Congress a 
proposal to modify the number of points allocated under subsection (c) 
of section 203 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153), 
as amended by subsection (a).
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 203(d) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(d)), as amended by section 213(a)(2)(B) 
of this Act, is further amended by striking ``(a) or (b)'' and 
inserting ``(a), (b), or (c)''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the first day of the first fiscal year beginning after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2302. MERIT-BASED TRACK TWO.

    (a) In General.--In addition to any immigrant visa made available 
under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.), as 
amended by this Act, the Secretary of State shall allocate merit-based 
immigrant visas as described in this section.
    (b) Status.--An alien admitted on the basis of a merit-based 
immigrant visa under this section shall have the status of an alien 
lawfully admitted for permanent residence (as that term is defined in 
section 101(a)(20) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(20)).
    (c) Eligibility.--Beginning on October 1, 2014, the following 
aliens shall be eligible for merit-based immigrant visas under this 
section:
            (1) Employment-based immigrants.--An alien who is the 
        beneficiary of a petition filed before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act to accord status under section 203(b) of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act, if the visa has not been 
        issued within 5 years after the date on which such petition was 
        filed.
            (2) Family-based immigrants.--Subject to subsection (d), an 
        alien who is the beneficiary of a petition filed to accord 
        status under section 203(a) of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act--
                    (A) prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                if the visa was not issued within 5 years after the 
                date on which such petition was filed; or
                    (B) after such date of enactment, to accord status 
                under paragraph (3) or (4) of section 203(a) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153 (a)), as 
                in effect the day before the effective date specified 
                in section 217(a)(3 )of this Act, and the visa was not 
                issued within 5 years after the date on which petition 
                was filed.
            (3) Long-term alien workers and other merit-based 
        immigrants.--An alien who--
                    (A) is not admitted pursuant to subparagraph (W) of 
                section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality 
                Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)); and
                    (B) has been lawfully present in the United States 
                for not less than 10 years; and
    (d) Allocation of Employment-sponsored Merit-based Immigrant 
Visas.--In each of the fiscal years 2015 through and including 2021, 
the Secretary of State shall allocate to aliens described in subsection 
(c)(1) a number of merit-based immigrant visas equal to \1/7\ of the 
number of aliens described in subsection (c)(1) whose visas had not 
been issued as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Allocation of Family-sponsored Merit-based Immigrant Visas.--
The visas authorized by subsection (c)(2) shall be allocated as 
follows:
            (1) Spouses and children of permanent residents.--Petitions 
        to accord status under section 203(a)(2)(A) of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)(2)(A)) of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act, as in effect the day before the effective 
        date specified in section 217(a)(3) of this Act, are 
        automatically converted to petitions to accord status to the 
        same beneficiaries as immediate relatives under section 
        201(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1151(b)(2)(A)).
            (2) Other family members.--In each of the fiscal years 2015 
        through and including 2021, the Secretary of State shall 
        allocate to the aliens described in subsection (c)(2)(A), other 
        than those aliens described in paragraph (1), a number of 
        transitional merit-based immigrant visas equal to \1/7\ of the 
        difference between--
                    (A) the number of aliens described in subsection 
                (c)(2)(A) whose visas had not been issued as of the 
                date of the enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) the number of aliens described in paragraph 
                (1).
            (3) Order of issuance for previously filed applications.--
        Subject to paragraphs (1) and (2), the visas authorized by 
        subsection (c)(2)(A) shall be issued in the order in which the 
        petitions to accord status under section 203(a) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act were filed (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)).
            (4) Subsequently filed applications.--In fiscal year 2022, 
        the Secretary of State shall allocate to the aliens described 
        in subsection (c)(2)(B), the number of merit-based immigrant 
        visas equal to \1/2\ of the number of aliens described in 
        subsection (c)(2)(B) whose visas had not been issued by October 
        1, 2021. In fiscal year 2023, the Secretary of State shall 
        allocate to the aliens described in subsection (c)(2)(B), the 
        number of merit-based immigrant visas equal to the number of 
        aliens described in subsection (c)(2)(B) whose visas had not 
        been issued by October 1, 2022.
            (5) Order of issuance for subsequently filed 
        applications.--Subject to paragraph (4), the visas authorized 
        by subsection (c)(2)(B) shall be issued in the order in which 
        the petitions to accord status under section 203(a) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act were filed, as in effect the 
        day before the effective date specified in section 217(a)(3) of 
        this Act.
    (f)  Eligibility in Years After 2028.--Beginning in fiscal year 
2029, aliens eligible for adjustment of status under paragraph (c)(3) 
of this section must be lawfully present in an employment authorized 
status for 20 years prior to filing an application for adjustment of 
status.
    (g) Registered Provisional Immigrants.--An alien granted registered 
provisional status under section 201 of this Act is not eligible to 
receive a merit-based immigrant visa under section 201(e) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by section 2301, until 10 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2303. REPEAL OF THE DIVERSITY VISA PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Title II (8 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 201 (8 U.S.C. 1151)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by adding ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; 
                        and'' at the end and inserting a period; and
                            (iii) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by striking subsection (e);
            (2) in section 203 (8 U.S.C. 1153)--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c);
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``(a), (b), or 
                (c)'' and inserting ``(a) or (b)
                    (C) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (2); and
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                        paragraph (2);
                    (D) in subsection (f), by striking ``(a), (b), or 
                (c) of this section'' and inserting ``(a) or (b)''; and
                    (E) in subsection (g), by striking ``(a), (b), and 
                (c)'' and inserting ``(a) and (b)''; and
            (3) in section 204 (8 U.S.C. 1154)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking subparagraph 
                (I); and
                    (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``(a), (b), or 
                (c)'' and inserting ``(a) or (b)''.
    (b) Effective Date and Application.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall take effect on October 1, 2014.
            (2) Application.--An alien who receives a notification from 
        the Secretary that the alien was selected to receive a 
        diversity immigrant visa under section 203(c) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(c)) for fiscal 
        year 2013 or fiscal year 2014 shall remain eligible to receive 
        such visa under the rules of such section, as in effect on 
        September 30, 2014. No alien may be allocated such a diversity 
        immigrant visa for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2015.

SEC. 2304. WORLD-WIDE LEVELS AND RECAPTURE OF UNUSED IMMIGRANT VISAS.

    (a) Employment-based Immigrants.--Section 201(d) (8 U.S.C. 1151(d)) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Worldwide Level of Employment-based Immigrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Worldwide level.--For a fiscal year after 
                fiscal year 2015, the worldwide level of employment-
                based immigrants under this subsection is equal to the 
                sum of--
                            ``(i) 140,000; and
                            ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph 
                        (2).
                    ``(B) Fiscal year 2015.--For fiscal year 2015, the 
                worldwide level of employment-based immigrants under 
                this subsection is equal to the sum of--
                            ``(i) 140,000;
                            ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph 
                        (2); and
                            ``(iii) the number computed under paragraph 
                        (3).
            ``(2) Previous fiscal year.--The number computed under this 
        paragraph for a fiscal year is the difference, if any, between 
        the maximum number of visas which may be issued under section 
        203(a)(relating to family-sponsored immigrants) during the 
        previous fiscal year and the number of visas issued under that 
        section during that year.
            ``(3) Unused visas.--The number computed under this 
        paragraph is the difference, if any, between--
                    ``(A) the sum of the worldwide levels established 
                under paragraph (1) for fiscal years 1992 through and 
                including 2013; and
                    ``(B) the number of visas actually issued under 
                section 203(b) during such fiscal years.''.
    (b) Family-sponsored Immigrants.--Section 201(c) (8 U.S.C. 1151(c)) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Worldwide Level of Family-sponsored Immigrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Worldwide level.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (C), for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2015, the 
                worldwide level of family-sponsored immigrants under 
                this subsection for a fiscal year is equal to the sum 
                of--
                            ``(i) 480,000 minus the number computed 
                        under paragraph (2); and
                            ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph 
                        (3).
                    ``(B) Fiscal year 2015.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (C), for fiscal year 2015, the worldwide level of 
                family-based immigrants under this subsection for a 
                fiscal year after fiscal year 2015 is equal to the sum 
                of--
                            ``(i) 480,000 minus the number computed 
                        under paragraph (2);
                            ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph 
                        (3); and
                            ``(iii) the number computed under paragraph 
                        (4).
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The number computed under 
                subparagraph (A)(i) or (B)(i) may not be less than 
                226,000. The number computed under subparagraph (A)(i) 
                or (B)(i) may not be less than 226,000, except that 
                beginning on the date that is 18 months after the date 
                of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
                Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the 
                number computed under subparagraph (A)(i) or (B)(i) may 
                not be less than 161,000.
            ``(2) Immediate relatives.--The number computed under this 
        paragraph for a fiscal year is the number of aliens described 
        in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (b)(2) who were issued 
        immigrant visas, or who otherwise acquired the status of an 
        alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent 
        residence, in the previous fiscal year.
            ``(3) Previous fiscal year.--The number computed under this 
        paragraph for a fiscal year is the difference, if any, between 
        the maximum number of visas which may be issued under section 
        203(b) (relating to employment-based immigrants) during the 
        previous fiscal year and the number of visas issued under that 
        section during that year.
            ``(4) Unused visas.--The number computed under this 
        paragraph is the difference, if any, between--
                    ``(A) the sum of the worldwide levels established 
                under paragraph (1) for fiscal years 1992 through and 
                including 2013; and
                    ``(B) the number of visas actually issued under 
                section 203(a) during such fiscal years.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this Act shall take 
effect on the first day of the first fiscal year beginning after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2305. RECLASSIFICATION OF SPOUSES AND MINOR CHILDREN OF LAWFUL 
              PERMANENT RESIDENTS AS IMMEDIATE RELATIVES.

    (a) Immediate Relatives.--Section 201(b)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(2)) 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2)(A) Aliens who are immediate relatives.
            ``(B) In this paragraph, the term `immediate relative' 
        means--
                    ``(i) a child, spouse, or parent of a citizen of 
                the United States, except that in the case of such a 
                parent such citizen shall be at least 21 years of age;
                    ``(ii) a child or spouse of an alien lawfully 
                admitted for permanent residence;
                    ``(iii) the child or spouse of an alien described 
                in clause (i), who is accompanying or following to join 
                the alien;
                    ``(iv) the child or spouse of an alien described in 
                clause (ii), who is accompanying or following to join 
                the alien;
                    ``(v) an alien admitted under section 211(a) on the 
                basis of a prior issuance of a visa to the alien's 
                accompanying parent who is an immediate relative; and
                    ``(vi) an alien born to an alien lawfully admitted 
                for permanent residence during a temporary visit 
                abroad.
            ``(C) If an alien who was the spouse or child of a citizen 
        of the United States or of an alien lawfully admitted for 
        permanent residence and was not legally separated from the 
        citizen or lawful permanent resident at the time of the 
        citizen's or lawful permanent resident's death files a petition 
        under section 204(a)(1)(A)(ii) not later than 2 years after the 
        date of the citizen's or permanent resident's death, the alien 
        spouse (and each child of the alien) shall remain, for purposes 
        of this paragraph, an immediate relative during the period 
        beginning on the date of the citizen's or permanent resident's 
        death and ending on the date on which the alien spouse 
        remarries.
            ``(D) An alien who has filed a petition under clause (iii) 
        or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(A) shall remain, for purposes of 
        this paragraph, an immediate relative if the United States 
        citizen or lawful permanent resident spouse or parent loses 
        United States citizenship on account of the abuse.''.
    (b) Allocation of Immigrant Visas.--Section 203(a) (8 U.S.C. 
1153(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``23,400,'' and inserting 
        ``20 percent of the worldwide level of family-sponsored 
        immigrants under section 201(c)'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Unmarried sons and unmarried daughters of permanent 
        resident aliens.--Qualified immigrants who are the unmarried 
        sons or unmarried daughters (but are not the children) of an 
        alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence shall be 
        allocated visas in a number not to exceed 20 percent of the 
        worldwide level of family-sponsored immigrants under section 
        201(c), plus any visas not required for the class specified in 
        paragraph (1).'';
            (3) in paragraph (3) --
                    (A) by striking ``23,400,'' and inserting ``20 
                percent of the worldwide level of family-sponsored 
                immigrants under section 201(c)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``classes specified in paragraphs 
                (1) and (2).'' and inserting ``class specified in 
                paragraph (2).''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking ``65,000,'' and inserting ``40 
                percent of the worldwide level of family-sponsored 
                immigrants under section 201(c)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``classes specified in paragraphs 
                (1) through (3).'' and inserting ``class specified in 
                paragraph (3).''.
    (c) Termination of Registration.--Section 203(g) (8 U.S.C. 1153(g)) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Lists.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of carrying out the orderly 
        administration of this title, the Secretary of State may make 
        reasonable estimates of the anticipated numbers of immigrant 
        visas to be issued during any quarter of any fiscal year within 
        each of the categories under subsections (a), (b), and (c) and 
        may rely upon such estimates in authorizing the issuance of 
        visas.
            ``(2) Termination of registration.--
                    ``(A) Information dissemination.--Not later than 
                180 days after the date of the enactment of the Border 
                Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                Modernization Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                and the Secretary of State shall adopt a plan to 
                broadly disseminate information to the public regarding 
                termination of registration procedures described in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), including procedures for 
                notifying the Department of Homeland Security and the 
                Department of State of any change of address on the 
                part of a petitioner or a beneficiary of an immigrant 
                visa petition.
                    ``(B) Termination for failure to adjust.--The 
                Secretary of Homeland Security shall terminate the 
                registration of any alien who has evidenced an 
                intention to acquire lawful permanent residence under 
                section 245 and who fails to apply to adjust status 
                within 1 year following notification to the alien of 
                the availability of an immigrant visa.
                    ``(C) Termination for failure to apply.--The 
                Secretary of State shall terminate the registration of 
                any alien not described in subparagraph (B) who fails 
                to apply for an immigrant visa within 1 year following 
                notification to the alien of the availability of such 
                visa.
            ``(3) Reinstatement.--The registration of any alien that 
        was terminated under paragraph (2) shall be reinstated if the 
        alien establishes within 2 years following the date of 
        notification of the availability of such visa demonstrates that 
        such failure to apply was due to good cause.''.
    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Definitions.--Section 101(a)(15)(K)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(15)(K)(ii)) is amended by striking ``section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than 
        clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (A))''.
            (2) Per country level.--Section 202(a)(1)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
        1152(a)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than 
        clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (A))''.
            (3) Rules for determining whether certain aliens are 
        immediate relatives.--Section 201(f) (8 U.S.C. 1151(f)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) 
                and (3),'' and inserting ``paragraph (2),'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``through (3)'' and 
                inserting ``and (2)''.
            (4) Numerical limitation to any single foreign state.--
        Section 202 (8 U.S.C. 1152) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(4)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B);
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and 
                        (D) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; 
                        and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (A), as redesignated 
                        by clause (ii), by striking ``section 
                        203(a)(2)(B)'' and inserting ``section 
                        203(a)(2)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e), in the flush matter 
                following paragraph (3), by striking ``, or as limiting 
                the number of visas that may be issued under section 
                203(a)(2)(A) pursuant to subsection (a)(4)(A)''.
            (5) Allocation of immigrant visas.--Section 203(h) (8 
        U.S.C. 1153(h)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``subsections (a)(2)(A) and 
                        (d)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``becomes available for such alien (or, in the 
                        case of subsection (d), the date on which an 
                        immigrant visa number became available for the 
                        alien's parent),'' and inserting ``became 
                        available for the alien's parent,''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``applicable'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Petitions described.--The petition described in this 
        paragraph is a petition filed under section 204 for 
        classification of the alien's parent under subsection (a), (b), 
        or (c).''; and
                    (C) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
            ``(3) Retention of priority date.--
                    ``(A) Petitions filed for children.--For a petition 
                originally filed to classify a child under subsection 
                (d), if the age of the alien is determined under 
                paragraph (1) to be 21 years of age or older on the 
                date that a visa number becomes available to the 
                alien's parent who was the principal beneficiary of the 
                petition, then, upon the parent's admission to lawful 
                permanent residence in the United States, the petition 
                shall automatically be converted to a petition filed by 
                the parent for classification of the alien under 
                subsection (a)(2) and the petition shall retain the 
                priority date established by the original petition.
                    ``(B) Family and employment-based petitions.--The 
                priority date for any family- or employment-based 
                petition shall be the date of filing of the petition 
                with the Secretary of Homeland Security (or the 
                Secretary of State, if applicable), unless the filing 
                of the petition was preceded by the filing of a labor 
                certification with the Secretary of Labor, in which 
                case that date shall constitute the priority date. The 
                beneficiary of any petition shall retain his or her 
                earliest priority date based on any petition filed on 
                his or her behalf that was approvable when filed, 
                regardless of the category of subsequent petitions.''.
            (6) Procedure for granting immigrant status.--Section 204 
        (8 U.S.C. 1154) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by inserting 
                                ``or alien lawfully admitted for 
                                permanent residence'' after ``citizen 
                                of the United States'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``described in the second sentence of 
                                section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) also'' and 
                                inserting ``or alien child described in 
                                section 201(b)(2)(C)'';
                                    (III) in clause (iii)--
                                            (aa) in subclause (I)(aa), 
                                        by striking ``United States 
                                        citizen'' and inserting 
                                        ``citizen of the United States 
                                        or lawful permanent resident''; 
                                        and
                                            (bb) in subclause 
                                        (II)(aa)--

                                                    (AA) in subitem 
                                                (AA), by striking the 
                                                semicolon at the end 
                                                and inserting ``or 
                                                lawful permanent 
                                                resident;'';

                                                    (BB) in subitem 
                                                (BB)--

                                                    (cc) by inserting 
                                                ``or lawful permanent 
                                                resident'' after ``a 
                                                citizen of the United 
                                                States''; and

                                                    (dd) by striking 
                                                ``States;'' and 
                                                inserting ``States or 
                                                lawful permanent 
                                                resident;''; and

    (CC) by amending subitem (CC) to read as follows:
            ``(CC) who was a bona fide spouse of a citizen of the 
        United States or a lawful permanent resident within the past 2 
        years and--
                    ``(aaa) whose spouse died within the past 2 years;
                    ``(bbb) whose spouse renounced citizenship status 
                or renounced or lost status as a lawful permanent 
                resident within the past 2 years related to an incident 
                of domestic violence; or
                    ``(ccc) who demonstrates a connection between the 
                legal termination of the marriage within the past 2 
                years and battering or extreme cruelty by the spouse 
                who is a citizen of the United States or a lawful 
                permanent resident spouse;'';
                                    (IV) in clause (iv), by inserting 
                                ``or lawful permanent resident'' after 
                                ``citizen'' each place that term 
                                appears;
                                    (V) in clause (v)(I), by inserting 
                                ``or lawful permanent resident'' after 
                                ``citizen''; and
                                    (VI) in clause (vi)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``citizenship,'' and inserting 
                                        ``citizenship or lawful 
                                        permanent resident status,''; 
                                        and
                                            (bb) by inserting ``or 
                                        lawful permanent resident'' 
                                        after ``abuser's citizenship'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B);
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``subparagraph (A)(iii), (A)(iv), (B)(ii), or 
                        (B)(iii)'' and inserting ``clause (iii) or (iv) 
                        of subparagraph (A)''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``or 
                        clause (ii) or (iii) of subparagraph (B)'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``or 
                preference status''; and
                    (D) in subsection (h), by striking ``or a petition 
                filed under subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii)''.
            (7) Excludable aliens.--Section 212(d)(12)(B) (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(d)(12)(B)) is amended by striking ``section 201(b)(2)(A)'' 
        and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than subparagraph 
        (A)(vi))''.
            (8) Admission of nonimmigrants.--Section 214(r)(3)(A) (8 
        U.S.C. 1184(r)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ``section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(i).'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other 
        than clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (A)).''.
            (9) Refugee crisis in iraq act of 2007.--Section 1243(a)(4) 
        of the Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 note) 
        is amended by striking ``section 201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and 
        inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than clause (v) or (vi) of 
        subparagraph (A))''.
            (10) Processing of visa applications.--Section 233 of the 
        Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (8 
        U.S.C. 1201 note) is amended by striking ``section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than 
        clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (A))''.
            (11) Adjustment of status.--Section 245(a) (8 U.S.C. 
        1255(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) The status of an alien who was inspected and admitted or 
paroled into the United States or the status of any other alien having 
an approved petition for classification as a VAWA self-petitioner may 
be adjusted by the Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, in the Attorney General's or the Secretary's discretion and 
under such regulations as the Attorney General or Secretary may 
prescribe, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence (regardless of whether the alien has already been admitted 
for permanent residence) if--
            ``(A) the alien makes an application for such adjustment;
            ``(B) the alien is eligible to receive an immigrant visa 
        and is admissible to the United States for permanent residence; 
        and
            ``(C) subject to paragraph (2), an immigrant visa is 
        immediately available to the alien at the time the alien's 
        application is filed.
    ``(2)(A) An application that is based on a petition approved or 
approvable under subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 204(a)(1) may be 
filed without regard to the limitation set forth in paragraph (1)(C).
    ``(B) An application for adjustment filed for an alien under this 
paragraph may not be approved until such time as an immigrant visa 
becomes available for the alien.''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2306. NUMERICAL LIMITATIONS ON INDIVIDUAL FOREIGN STATES.

    (a) Numerical Limitation to Any Single Foreign State.--Section 
202(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1152(a)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``AND employment-
        based'';
            (2) by striking ``(3), (4), and (5),'' and inserting ``(3) 
        and (4),'';
            (3) by striking ``subsections (a) and (b) of section 203'' 
        and inserting ``section 203(a)'';
            (4) by striking ``7'' and inserting ``15''; and
            (5) by striking ``such subsections'' and inserting ``such 
        section''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 202 (8 U.S.C. 1152) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``both 
                subsections (a) and (b) of section 203'' and inserting 
                ``section 203(a)''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5); and
            (2) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
    ``(e) Special Rules for Countries at Ceiling.--If it is determined 
that the total number of immigrant visas made available under section 
203(a) to natives of any single foreign state or dependent area will 
exceed the numerical limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) in any 
fiscal year, in determining the allotment of immigrant visa numbers to 
natives under section 203(a), visa numbers with respect to natives of 
that state or area shall be allocated (to the extent practicable and 
otherwise consistent with this section and section 203) in a manner so 
that, except as provided in subsection (a)(4), the proportion of the 
visa numbers made available under each of paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
section 203(a) is equal to the ratio of the total number of visas made 
available under the respective paragraph to the total number of visas 
made available under section 203(a).''.
    (c) Country-specific Offset.--Section 2 of the Chinese Student 
Protection Act of 1992 (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (e))'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (d))''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (d) and redesignating subsection 
        (e) as subsection (d).
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2307. ALLOCATION OF IMMIGRANT VISAS.

    (a) Preference Allocation for Family-based Immigrants.--
            (1) In general.--Section 203(a) (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)) is 
        amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Preference Allocation for Family-based Immigrants.--Aliens 
subject to the worldwide level specified in section 201(c) for family-
based immigrants shall be allotted visas as follows:
            ``(1) Sons and daughters of citizens.--Qualified immigrants 
        who are--
                    ``(A) the unmarried sons or unmarried daughters but 
                not the children of citizens of the United States shall 
                be allocated visas in a number not to exceed 35 percent 
                of the worldwide level authorized in section 201(c), 
                plus the sum of--
                            ``(i) the number of visas not required for 
                        the class specified in paragraph (2) for the 
                        current fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) the number of visas not required for 
                        the class specified in subparagraph (B); or
                    ``(B) the married sons or married daughters of 
                citizens of the United States who are under 31 years of 
                age at the time of filing a petition under section 204 
                shall be allocated visas in a number not to exceed 25 
                percent of the worldwide level authorized in section 
                201(c), plus the number of any visas not required for 
                the class specified in subparagraph (A) current fiscal 
                year.
            ``(2) Sons and daughters of residents.--Qualified 
        immigrants who are the unmarried sons or unmarried daughters of 
        aliens admitted for permanent residence shall be allocated 
        visas in a number not to exceed 40 percent of the worldwide 
        level authorized in section 201(c), plus any visas not required 
        for the class specified in paragraph (1)(A).''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Procedure for granting immigrant status.--
                Section 204 (8 U.S.C. 1154) is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(1)(A)(i), by striking 
                        ``(1), (3), or (4) of section 203(a)'' and 
                        inserting ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 
                        203(a)(1)''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (f)(1), by striking 
                        ``section 201(b), 203(a)(1), or 203(a)(3),'' 
                        and inserting ``section 201(b) or subparagraph 
                        (A) or (B) of section 203(a)(1)''.
                    (B) Automatic conversion.--For the purposes of any 
                petition pending or approved based on a relationship 
                described--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A) of section 
                        203(a)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality 
                        Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)(1)), as amended by 
                        paragraph (1), and notwithstanding the age of 
                        the alien, such a petition shall be deemed 
                        reclassified as a petition based on a 
                        relationship described in subparagraph (B) of 
                        such section 203(a)(1) upon the marriage of 
                        such alien; or
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B) of such section 
                        203(a)(1), such a petition shall be deemed 
                        reclassified as a petition based on a 
                        relationship described in subparagraph (A) of 
                        such section 203(a)(1) upon the legal 
                        termination of marriage or death of such 
                        alien's spouse.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
        that begins at least 18 months following the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (b) Preference Allocation for Employment-based Immigrants.--Section 
201(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(F) Derivative beneficiaries as described in 
                section 203(d) of employment-based immigrants under 
                section 203(b).
                    ``(G) Aliens with extraordinary ability in the 
                sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics which 
                has been demonstrated by sustained national or 
                international acclaim, if, with respect to any such 
                alien--
                            ``(i) the achievements of such alien have 
                        been recognized in the field through extensive 
                        documentation;
                            ``(ii) such alien seeks to enter the United 
                        States to continue work in the area of 
                        extraordinary ability; and
                            ``(iii) the entry of such alien into the 
                        United States will substantially benefit 
                        prospectively the United States.
                    ``(H) Aliens who are outstanding professors and 
                researchers if, with respect to any such alien--
                            ``(i) the alien is recognized 
                        internationally as outstanding in a specific 
                        academic area;
                            ``(ii) the alien has at least 3 years of 
                        experience in teaching or research in the 
                        academic area; and
                            ``(iii) the alien seeks to enter the United 
                        States--
                                    ``(I) to be employed in for a 
                                tenured position (or tenure-track 
                                position) within a not for profit 
                                university or institution of higher 
                                education to teach in the academic 
                                area;
                                    ``(II) for employment in a 
                                comparable position with a not for 
                                profit university or institution of 
                                higher education , or a governmental 
                                research organization, to conduct 
                                research in the area; or
                                    ``(III) for employment in a 
                                comparable position to conduct research 
                                in the area with a department, 
                                division, or institute of a private 
                                employer, if the department, division, 
                                or institute employs at least 3 persons 
                                full-time in research activities and 
                                has achieved documented accomplishments 
                                in an academic field.
                    ``(I) Aliens who are multinational executives and 
                managers if, with respect to any such alien--
                            ``(i) in the 3 years preceding the time of 
                        the alien's application for classification and 
                        admission into the United States under this 
                        subparagraph, the alien has been employed for 
                        at least 1 year by a firm or corporation or 
                        other legal entity or an affiliate or 
                        subsidiary thereof; and
                            ``(ii) the alien seeks to enter the United 
                        States in order to continue to render services 
                        to the same employer or to a subsidiary or 
                        affiliate thereof in a capacity that is 
                        managerial or executive.
                    ``(J) Aliens who have earned a doctorate degree.
                    ``(K) Alien physicians who have completed the 
                foreign residency requirements under section 212(e) or 
                obtained a waiver of these requirements or an exemption 
                requested by an interested State agency or by an 
                interested Federal agency under section 214(l), 
                including those alien physicians who completed such 
                service before the date of the enactment of the Border 
                Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                Modernization Act.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Procedure for granting immigrant status.--Section 
        204(a)(1)(E) (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(E)) is amended by striking 
        ``under section 203(b)(1)(A)'' and inserting ``under 
        subparagraph (G), (H), (I), (J) or (K) of section 201(b)(1), or 
        section''.
            (2) Treatment of derivative family members.--Section 203(d) 
        (8 U.S.C. 1153(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Treatment of Family Members.--If accompanying or following to 
join a spouse or parent issued a visa under subsection (a), (b), or 
(c), subparagraph (G), (H), (I), (j), or (K) of section 201(b)(1), or 
section 201(b)(2), a spouse or child as defined in subparagraph (A), 
(B), (C), (D), or (E) of section 101(b)(1) shall be entitled to the 
same immigrant status and the same order of consideration provided in 
the respective subsection.''.
            (3) Aliens who are priority workers or members of the 
        professions holding advanced degrees.--Section 203(b) (8 U.S.C. 
        1153(b)) is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Aliens'' and inserting ``Other than aliens 
                described in paragraph (1) or (2)(B), aliens'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1) by striking the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ``Aliens 
                described in any of the following subparagraphs be 
                admitted to the United States without respect to the 
                worldwide level specified in section 201(d)''; and
                    (C) by amending (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Aliens who are members of the professions holding 
        advanced degrees or advanced degrees in a stem field.--
                    ``(A) Professions holding advanced degrees.--Visas 
                shall be made available, in a number not to exceed 40 
                percent of the worldwide level authorized in section 
                201(d), plus any visas not required for the classes 
                specified in paragraph (5), to qualified immigrants who 
                are members of the professions holding advanced degrees 
                or their equivalent whose services in the sciences, 
                arts, professions, or business are sought by an 
                employer in the United States, including alien 
                physicians holding foreign medical degrees that have 
                been deemed sufficient for acceptance by an accredited 
                United States medical residency or fellowship program.
                    ``(B) Advanced degrees in a stem field.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A qualified immigrant 
                        shall be admitted to the United States without 
                        respect to the worldwide level specified in 
                        section 201(d) if such immigrant--
                                    ``(I) has earned a graduate degree 
                                at the level of master's or higher in a 
                                field of science, technology, 
                                engineering, or mathematics from an 
                                accredited United States institution of 
                                higher education
                                    ``(II) has an offer of employment 
                                from a United States employer in a 
                                field related to such degree; and
                                    ``(III) earned the qualifying 
                                graduate degree within the 5 years 
                                immediately prior to the initial filing 
                                date of the petition under which the 
                                nonimmigrant is a beneficiary.
                            ``(ii) United states doctoral institution 
                        of higher education.--In this subparagraph, the 
                        term `United States doctoral institution of 
                        higher education' means an institution that--
                                    ``(I) is described in section 
                                101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 
                                1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)) or is a 
                                proprietary institution of higher 
                                education (as defined in section 102(b) 
                                of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1002(b)));
                                    ``(II) was classified by the 
                                Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement 
                                of Teaching on January 1, 2012, as a 
                                doctorate-granting university with a 
                                very high or high level of research 
                                activity or classified by the National 
                                Science Foundation after the date of 
                                enactment of this paragraph, pursuant 
                                to an application by the institution, 
                                as having equivalent research activity 
                                to those institutions that had been 
                                classified by the Carnegie Foundation 
                                as being doctorate-granting 
                                universities with a very high or high 
                                level of research activity; and
                                    ``(III) is accredited by an 
                                accrediting body that is itself 
                                accredited either by the Department of 
                                Education or by the Council for Higher 
                                Education Accreditation.
                    ``(C) Waiver of job offer.--
                            ``(i) National interest waiver.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                        may, if the Secretary deems it to be in the 
                        national interest, waive the requirements of 
                        subparagraph (A) that an alien's services in 
                        the sciences, arts, professions, or business be 
                        sought by an employer in the United States.
                            ``(ii) Physicians working in shortage areas 
                        or veterans facilities.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall grant a national interest waiver 
                                pursuant to clause (i) on behalf of any 
                                alien physician with respect to whom a 
                                petition for preference classification 
                                has been filed under subparagraph (A) 
                                if--
                                            ``(aa) the alien physician 
                                        agrees to work full time as a 
                                        physician practicing primary 
                                        care, specialty medicine, or a 
                                        combination thereof, in an area 
                                        or areas designated by the 
                                        Secretary of Health and Human 
                                        Services as having a shortage 
                                        of health care professionals or 
                                        at a health care facility under 
                                        the jurisdiction of the 
                                        Secretary of Veterans Affairs; 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) the alien physician 
                                        is pursuing such waiver based 
                                        upon service at a facility or 
                                        facilities that serve patients 
                                        who reside in a geographic area 
                                        or areas designated by the 
                                        Secretary of Health and Human 
                                        Services as having a shortage 
                                        of health care professionals 
                                        (without regard to whether such 
                                        facility or facilities are 
                                        located within such an area) 
                                        and a Federal agency or a 
                                        local, county, regional, or 
                                        State department of public 
                                        health determines that the 
                                        alien physician's work at such 
                                        facility was or will be in the 
                                        public interest.
                                    ``(II) Prohibition.--
                                            ``(aa) No permanent 
                                        resident visa may be issued to 
                                        an alien physician described in 
                                        subclause (I) by the Secretary 
                                        of State under section 204(b), 
                                        and the Secretary of Homeland 
                                        Security may not adjust the 
                                        status of such an alien 
                                        physician from that of a 
                                        nonimmigrant alien to that of a 
                                        permanent resident alien under 
                                        section 245, until such time as 
                                        the alien has worked full time 
                                        as a physician for an aggregate 
                                        of 5 years (not including the 
                                        time served in the status of an 
                                        alien described in section 
                                        101(a)(15)(J)), in an area or 
                                        areas designated by the 
                                        Secretary of Health and Human 
                                        Services as having a shortage 
                                        of health care professionals or 
                                        at a health care facility under 
                                        the jurisdiction of the 
                                        Secretary of Veterans Affairs; 
                                        or at a facility or facilities 
                                        meeting the requirements of 
                                        subclause (I)(bb).
                                            ``(bb) The 5-year service 
                                        requirement of item (aa) shall 
                                        be counted from the date the 
                                        alien physician begins work in 
                                        the shortage area in any legal 
                                        status and not the date an 
                                        immigrant visa petition is 
                                        filed or approved. Such service 
                                        shall be aggregated without 
                                        regard to when such service 
                                        began and without regard to 
                                        whether such service began 
                                        during or in conjunction with a 
                                        course of graduate medical 
                                        education.
                                            ``(cc) An alien physician 
                                        shall not be required to submit 
                                        an employment contract with a 
                                        term exceeding the balance of 
                                        the 5-year commitment yet to be 
                                        served, nor an employment 
                                        contract dated within a minimum 
                                        time period prior to filing of 
                                        a visa petition pursuant to 
                                        this subsection.
                                            ``(dd) An alien physician 
                                        shall not be required to file 
                                        additional immigrant visa 
                                        petitions upon a change of work 
                                        location from the location 
                                        approved in the original 
                                        national interest immigrant 
                                        petition.
                                    ``(III) Statutory construction.--
                                Nothing in this subparagraph may be 
                                construed to prevent the filing of a 
                                petition with the Secretary of Homeland 
                                Security for classification under 
                                section 204(a), by an alien physician 
                                described in subclause (I) prior to the 
                                date by which such alien physician has 
                                completed the service described in 
                                subclause (II) or in section 214(l).''.
            (4) Exception from labor certification requirement for stem 
        immigrants.--Section 212(a)(5)(D) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)(D)) is 
        amended to read as follows:
                    ``(D) Application of grounds.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), the grounds for inadmissibility of 
                        aliens under subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall 
                        apply to immigrants seeking admission or 
                        adjustment of status under paragraph (2) or (3) 
                        of section 203(b).
                            ``(ii) Special rule for stem immigrants.--
                        The grounds for inadmissibility of aliens under 
                        subparagraph (A) shall not apply to an 
                        immigrant seeking admission or adjustment of 
                        status under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) of section 
                        203(b).''.
            (5) Skilled workers, professionals, and other workers.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 203(b)(3)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
                1153(b)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ``in a number not 
                to exceed 28.6 percent of such worldwide level, plus 
                any visas not required for the classes specified in 
                paragraphs (1) and (2),'' and inserting `` in a number 
                not to exceed 40 percent of the worldwide level 
                authorized in section 201(d), plus any visas not 
                required for the class specified in paragraph (2),''.
                    (B) Medical license requirements.--Section 
                214(i)(2)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1184(i)(2)(A)) is amended by 
                adding at the end ``including in the case of a medical 
                doctor, the licensure required to practice medicine in 
                the United States,''.
                    (C) Repeal of limitation on other workers.--Section 
                203(b)(3) (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(3)) is amended--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                            (ii) redesignated subparagraph (C) as 
                        subparagraph (B).
            (6) Certain special immigrants.--Section 203(b)(4) (8 
        U.S.C. 1153(b)(4)) is amended by striking ``in a number not to 
        exceed 7.1 percent of such worldwide level,'' and inserting 
        ``in a number not to exceed 10 percent of the worldwide level 
        authorized in section 201(d), plus any visas not required for 
        the class specified in paragraph (3),''.
            (7) Employment creation.--Section 203(b)(5)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
        1153(b)(5)(A)) is amended by striking ``in a number not to 
        exceed 7.1 percent of such worldwide level,'' and inserting `` 
        in a number not to exceed 10 percent of the worldwide level 
        authorized in section 201(d), plus any visas not required for 
        the class specified in paragraph (4),''.

SEC. 2308. V NONIMMIGRANT VISAS.

    (a) Nonimmigrant Eligibility.--Subparagraph (V) of section 
101(a)(15) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(V)(i) subject to section 214(q)(1) and section 
                212(a)(4), an alien who is the beneficiary of an 
                approved petition under section 203(a) as--
                            ``(I) the unmarried son or unmarried 
                        daughter of a citizen of the United States;
                            ``(II) the unmarried son or unmarried 
                        daughter of an alien lawfully admitted for 
                        permanent residence; or
                            ``(III) the married son or married daughter 
                        of a citizen of the United States and who is 
                        under 31 years of age; or
                    ``(ii) subject to section 214(q)(2), an alien who 
                is--
                            ``(I) the sibling of a citizen of the 
                        United States; or
                            ``(II) the married son or married daughter 
                        of a citizen of the United States and who is 
                        over 31 years of age.''.
    (b) Employment and Period of Admission of Nonimmigrants Described 
in Section 101(a)(15)(V).--Section 214(q) (8 U.S.C. 1184(q)) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(q) Nonimmigrants Described in Section 101(a)(15)(V).--
            ``(1) Certain sons and daughters.--
                    ``(A) Employment authorization.--The Secretary 
                shall--
                            ``(i) authorize a nonimmigrant admitted 
                        pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(V)(i) to engage 
                        in employment in the United States during the 
                        period of such nonimmigrant's authorized 
                        admission; and
                            ``(ii) provide such a nonimmigrant with an 
                        `employment authorized' endorsement or other 
                        appropriate document signifying authorization 
                        of employment.
                    ``(B) Termination of admission.--The period of 
                authorized admission for such a nonimmigrant shall 
                terminate 30 days after the date on which--
                            ``(i) such nonimmigrant's application for 
                        an immigrant visa pursuant to the approval of a 
                        petition under subsection (a) or (c) of section 
                        203 is denied; or
                            ``(ii) such nonimmigrant's application for 
                        adjustment of status under section 245 pursuant 
                        to the approval of such a petition is denied.
            ``(2) Siblings and sons and daughters of citizens.--
                    ``(A) Employment authorization.--The Secretary may 
                not authorize a nonimmigrant admitted pursuant to 
                section 101(a)(15)(V)(ii) to engage in employment in 
                the United States.
                    ``(B) Period of admission.--The period of 
                authorized admission as such a nonimmigrant may not 
                exceed 60 days per fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Treatment of period of admission.--An alien 
                admitted under section 101(a)(15)(V) may not received 
                an allocation of points pursuant to section 211 of this 
                Act which is section 201(e) as amended for residence in 
                the United States while admitted as such a 
                nonimmigrant.''.
    (c) Public Benefits.--A noncitizen who is lawfully present in the 
United States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(V) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(V)) is not eligible for any 
means-tested public benefits (as such term is defined in section 403 of 
the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 
1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613)). A noncitizen admitted under this section is--
            (1) not entitled to the premium assistance tax credit 
        authorized under section 36B of the Internal Revenue Code of 
        1986;
            (2) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
        not lawfully present that are set forth in subsection (e) of 
        such section; and
            (3) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
        not lawfully present that are set forth in section 1402(e) of 
        the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (42 U.S.C. 
        18071).
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the first day of the first fiscal year beginning after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2309. FIANCEE AND FIANCE CHILD STATUS PROTECTION.

    (a) Definition.--Section 101(a)(15)(K) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(K)(i) 
is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``or of an alien lawfully 
        admitted for permanent residence'' after 
        ``204(a)(1)(A)(viii)(I))'';
            (2) in clause (ii), by inserting ``or of an alien lawfully 
        admitted for permanent residence'' after 
        ``204(a)(1)(A)(viii)(I))''; and
            (3) in clause (iii), by striking the semicolon and 
        inserting ``, provided that a determination of the age of such 
        child is made using the age of the alien on the date on which 
        the fiance, fiancee, or immigrant visa petition is filed with 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security to classify the alien's 
        parent as the fiancee or fiance of a United States citizen or 
        of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence (in the 
        case of an alien parent described in clause (i)) or as the 
        spouse of a citizen of the United States or of an alien 
        lawfully admitted to permanent residence under section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(i) (in the case of an alien parent described in 
        clause (ii));''.
    (b) Adjustment of Status Authorized.--Section 214(d) (8 U.S.C. 
1184(d)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In the event'' and all 
        that follows through the end; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
    ``(2)(A) If an alien does not marry the petitioner under paragraph 
(1) within 3 months after the alien and the alien's children are 
admitted into the United States, the visa previously issued under the 
provisions of section 1101(a)(15)(K)(i) shall automatically expire and 
such alien and children shall be required to depart from the United 
States. If such aliens fail to depart from the United States, they 
shall be placed in proceedings in accordance with sections 240 and 241.
    ``(B) Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), if an alien marries the 
petitioner described in section 101(a)(15)(K)(i) within 90 days after 
the alien is admitted into the United States, the Secretary or the 
Attorney General, subject to the provisions of section 245(d), may 
adjust the status of the alien, and any children accompanying or 
following to join the alien, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for 
permanent residence on a conditional basis under section 216 if the 
alien and any such children apply for such adjustment and are not 
determined to be inadmissible to the United States. If the alien does 
not apply for such adjustment within 6 months after the marriage, the 
visa issued under the provisions of section 1101(a)(15)(K) shall 
automatically expire.
    ``(C) Paragraphs (5) and (7)(A) of section 212(a) shall not apply 
to an alien who is eligible to apply for adjustment of the alien's 
status to an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence under this 
section.
    ``(D) An alien eligible for a waiver of inadmissibility as 
otherwise authorized under this Act or the Border Security, Economic 
Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act shall be permitted to 
apply for adjustment of the alien's status to that of an alien lawfully 
admitted for permanent residence under this section.''.
    (c) Age Determination.--Section 245(d) (8 U.S.C. 1255(d)) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Attorney General'' by 
        striking ``The Attorney General'' and inserting ``(1) The 
        Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as designated under paragraph (1) of 
        this subsection, by striking ``Attorney General'' and inserting 
        ``Secretary''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) A determination of the age of an alien admitted to the United 
States under section 101(a)(15)(K)(iii) shall be made, for purposes of 
adjustment to the status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence on a conditional basis under section 216, using the age of 
the alien on the date on which the fiance, fiancee, or immigrant visa 
petition was filed with the Secretary of Homeland Security to classify 
the alien's parent as the fiancee or fiance of a United States citizen 
or of an alien lawfully admitted to permanent residence (in the case of 
an alien parent admitted to the United States under section 
101(a)(15)(K)(i)) or as the spouse of a United States citizen or of an 
alien lawfully admitted to permanent residence under section 
201(b)(2)(A)(i) (in the case of an alien parent admitted to the United 
States under section 101(a)(15)(K)(ii)).''.
    (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
to all petitions or applications described in such amendments that are 
pending as of the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
    (e) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Definitions.--Section 101(a)(15)(K) (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(15)(K)), as amended by subsection (a), if further 
        amended--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``section 
                201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2)''; 
                and
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking ``section 
                201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2)''.
            (2) Age determination.--Section paragraph (2) of section 
        245(d) (8 U.S.C. 1255(d)), as add by subsection (c), is further 
        amended by striking section ``201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting 
        ``201(b)(2)''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
        beginning no earlier than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2310. EQUAL TREATMENT FOR ALL STEPCHILDREN.

    Section 101(b)(1)(B) (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``eighteen years'' and inserting ``21 years''.

SEC. 2311. INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION HARMONIZATION.

    (a) Modification of Adoption Age Requirements.--Section 101(b)(1) 
(8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E)--
                    (A) by striking ``(E)(i)'' and inserting ``(E)'';
                    (B) by striking ``sixteen'' and inserting ``18'';
                    (C) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (D) by striking clause (ii);
            (2) in subparagraph (F)--
                    (A) by striking ``(F)(i)'' and inserting ``(F)'';
                    (B) by striking ``sixteen'' and inserting ``18'';
                    (C) by striking ``Attorney General'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
                    (D) by striking clause (ii); and
            (3) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``16'' and inserting 
        ``18''.
    (b) Harmonizing Adoptions Between Hague Convention and Non-Hague-
Convention Countries.--Section 212(a)(1)(C)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(a)(1)(C)(ii)) is amended by striking ``section 101(b)(1)(F),'' and 
inserting ``subparagraph (F) or (G) of section 101(b)(1),''.

SEC. 2312. RELIEF FOR ORPHANS, WIDOWS, AND WIDOWERS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Special rule for orphans and spouses.--In applying 
        clauses (iii) and (iv) of section 201(b)(2)(A) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 102(a) of 
        this Act, to an alien whose citizen or lawful permanent 
        resident relative died before the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the alien relative may file the classification petition 
        under section 204(a)(1)(A)(ii) of such Act, as amended by 
        section 102(c)(4)(A)(i)(II) of this Act, not later than 2 years 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Eligibility for parole.--If an alien was excluded, 
        deported, removed, or departed voluntarily before the date of 
        the enactment of this Act based solely upon the alien's lack of 
        classification as an immediate relative (as defined in section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(iv) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
        amended by section 102(a) of this Act) due to the death of such 
        citizen or resident--
                    (A) such alien shall be eligible for parole into 
                the United States pursuant to the Secretary's 
                discretionary authority under section 212(d)(5) of such 
                Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)); and
                    (B) such alien's application for adjustment of 
                status shall be considered notwithstanding section 
                212(a)(9) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)).
            (3) Eligibility for parole.--If an alien described in 
        section 204(l) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1154(l)), was excluded, deported, removed, or departed 
        voluntarily before the date of the enactment of this Act--
                    (A) such alien shall be eligible for parole into 
                the United States pursuant to the Secretary's 
                discretionary authority under section 212(d)(5) of such 
                Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)); and
                    (B) such alien's application for adjustment of 
                status shall be considered notwithstanding section 
                212(a)(9) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)).
    (b) Processing of Immigrant Visas and Derivative Petitions.--
            (1) In general.--Section 204(b) (8 U.S.C. 1154(b)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``After an investigation'' and 
                inserting ``(1) After an investigation''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2)(A) Any alien described in subparagraph (B) whose qualifying 
relative died before the completion of immigrant visa processing may 
have an immigrant visa application adjudicated as if such death had not 
occurred. An immigrant visa issued before the death of the qualifying 
relative shall remain valid after such death.
    ``(B) An alien described in this subparagraph is an alien who--
            ``(i) is an immediate relative (as described in section 
        201(b)(2)(A));
            ``(ii) is a family-sponsored immigrant (as described in 
        subsection (a) or (d) of section 203);
            ``(iii) is a derivative beneficiary of an employment-based 
        immigrant under section 203(b) (as described in section 
        203(d)); or
            ``(iv) is the spouse or child of a refugee (as described in 
        section 207(c)(2)) or an asylee (as described in section 
        208(b)(3)).''.
            (2) Transition period.--
                    (A) In general.--Notwithstanding a denial or 
                revocation of an application for an immigrant visa for 
                an alien whose qualifying relative died before the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, such application may be 
                renewed by the alien through a motion to reopen, 
                without fee.
                    (B) Inapplicability of bars to entry.--
                Notwithstanding section 212(a)(9) of the Immigration 
                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)), an alien's 
                application for an immigrant visa shall be considered 
                if the alien was excluded, deported, removed, or 
                departed voluntarily before the date of the enactment 
                of this Act.
    (c) Naturalization.--Section 319(a) (8 U.S.C. 1430(a)) is amended 
by striking ``States,'' and inserting ``States (or if the spouse is 
deceased, the spouse was a citizen of the United States),''.
    (d) Waivers of Inadmissibility.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(v) Continued Waiver Eligibility for Widows, Widowers, and 
Orphans.--In the case of an alien who would have been statutorily 
eligible for any waiver of inadmissibility under this Act but for the 
death of a qualifying relative, the eligibility of such alien shall be 
preserved as if the death had not occurred and the death of the 
qualifying relative shall be the functional equivalent of hardship for 
purposes of any waiver of inadmissibility which requires a showing of 
hardship.''.
    (e) Surviving Relative Consideration for Certain Petitions and 
Applications.--Section 204(l)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1154(l)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``who resided in the United States at the 
        time of the death of the qualifying relative and who continues 
        to reside in the United States''; and
            (2) by striking ``related applications,'' and inserting 
        ``related applications (including affidavits of support),''.
    (f) Immediate Relatives.--Section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) (8 U.S.C. 
1151(b)(2)(A)(i)) is amended by striking ``within 2 years after such 
date''.
    (g) Family-sponsored Immigrants.--Section 212(a)(4)(C)(i) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(a)(4)(C)(i)) is amended--
            (1) in subclause (I), by striking ``, or'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in subclause (II), by striking ``or'' at the end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                                    ``(IV) the status as a surviving 
                                relative under 204(l); or''.

SEC. 2313. DISCRETIONARY AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO REMOVAL, DEPORTATION 
              OR INADMISSIBILITY OF CITIZEN AND RESIDENT IMMEDIATE 
              FAMILY MEMBERS.

    (a) Applications for Relief From Removal.--Section 240(c)(4) (8 
U.S.C. 1229a(c)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Judicial discretion.--In the case of an alien 
                subject to removal, deportation, or exclusion, the 
                immigration judge may exercise discretion to decline to 
                order the alien removed, deported or excluded from the 
                United States and terminate proceedings if the judge 
                determines that such removal, deportation, or exclusion 
                is against the public interest or would result in 
                hardship to the alien's United States citizen or 
                permanent resident parent of a child, spouse, or child, 
                or the judge determines the alien is prima facie 
                eligible for naturalization except that this 
                subparagraph shall not apply to an alien whom the judge 
                determines--
                            ``(i) is described in--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (B), (C), 
                                (D)(ii), (E), (H), (I), or (J) of 
                                section 212(a)(2);
                                    ``(II) section 212(a)(3);
                                    ``(III) subparagraph (A), (C), or 
                                (D) of section 212(a)(10); or
                                    ``(IV) paragraph (2)(A)(ii), 
                                (2)(A)(v), (2)(F), (4), or (6) of 
                                section 237(a); or
                            ``(ii) has--
                                    ``(I) engaged in conduct described 
                                in paragraph (8) or (9) of section 103 
                                of the Trafficking Victims Protection 
                                Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102); or
                                    ``(II) a felony conviction 
                                described in section 101(a)(43) that 
                                would have been classified as an 
                                aggravated felony at the time of 
                                conviction.''.
    (b) Secretary's Discretion.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182), as 
amended by section 2312(d), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(w) Secretary's Discretion.--In the case of an alien inadmissible 
under this section, the Secretary of Homeland Security may exercise 
discretion to waive a ground of inadmissibility if the Secretary 
determines that such refusal of admission is against the public 
interest or would result in hardship to the alien's United States 
citizen or permanent resident parent, spouse, or child except that this 
subparagraph shall not apply to an alien whom the Secretary 
determines--
            ``(1) is described in--
                    ``(A) subparagraph (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (H), 
                (I), of subsection (a)(2);
                    ``(B) subsection (a)(3);
                    ``(C) subparagraph (A), (C), or (D) of subsection 
                (a)(10);
                    ``(D) paragraphs (2)(A)(ii), (2)(A)(v), (2)(F), or 
                (6) of section 237(a); or
                    ``(E) section 240(c)(4)(D)(ii)(II); or
            ``(2) has--
                    ``(A) engaged in conduct described in paragraph (8) 
                or (9) of section 103 of the Trafficking Victims 
                Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102); or
                    ``(B) a felony conviction described in section 
                101(a)(43) that would have been classified as an 
                aggravated felony at the time of conviction.''.
    (c) Reinstatement of Removal Orders.--Section 241(a)(5) (8 U.S.C. 
1231(a)(5)) is amended by striking the period at the end and inserting 
``, unless the alien reentered prior to attaining the age of 18 years, 
or reinstatement of the prior order of removal would not be in the 
public interest or would result in hardship to the alien's United 
States citizen or permanent resident parent, spouse, or child.''.

SEC. 2314. WAIVERS OF INADMISSIBILITY.

    (a) Aliens Who Entered as Children.--Section 212(a)(9)(B)(iii) (8 
U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(B)(iii)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                                    ``(VI) Aliens who entered as 
                                children.--Clause (i) shall not apply 
                                to an alien who is the beneficiary of 
                                an approved petition under 
                                101(a)(15)(H) and who has earned a 
                                baccalaureate or higher degree from a 
                                United States institution of higher 
                                education (as defined in section 101(a) 
                                of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                                U.S.C. 1001(a)), and had not yet 
                                reached the age of 16 years at the time 
                                of initial entry to the United 
                                States.''.
    (b) Aliens Unlawfully Present.--Section 212(a)(9)(B)(v) (8 U.S.C. 
1181(a)(9)(B)(v) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``spouse or son or daughter'' and inserting 
        ``spouse, son, daughter, or parent''; and
            (2) by striking ``extreme''.
    (c) Previous Immigration Violations.--Section 212(a)(9)(C)(i) (8 
U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(C)(i)) is amended by adding ``, other than an alien 
described in clause (iii) or (iv) of subparagraph (B),'' after ``Any 
alien''.
    (d) False Claims.--
            (1) Inadmissibility.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 212(a)(6)(C) (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(a)(6)(C)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(C) Misrepresentation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Any alien who, by fraud 
                        or willfully misrepresenting a material fact, 
                        seeks to procure (or within the last 3 years 
                        has sought to procure or has procured) a visa, 
                        other documentation, or admission into the 
                        United States or other benefit provided under 
                        this Act is inadmissible.
                            ``(ii) Falsely claiming citizenship.--
                                    ``(I) Inadmissibility.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), any alien who knowingly 
                                misrepresents himself or herself to be 
                                a citizen of the United States for any 
                                purpose or benefit under this chapter 
                                (including section 274A) or any other 
                                Federal or State law is inadmissible.
                                    ``(II) Special rule for children.--
                                An alien shall not be inadmissible 
                                under this clause if the 
                                misrepresentation described in 
                                subclause (I) was made by the alien 
                                when the alien--
                                            ``(aa) was under 18 years 
                                        of age; or
                                            ``(bb) otherwise lacked the 
                                        mental competence to knowingly 
                                        misrepresent a claim of United 
                                        States citizenship.
                            ``(iii) Waiver.--The Attorney General or 
                        the Secretary of Homeland Security may, in the 
                        discretion of the Attorney General or the 
                        Secretary, waive the application of clause (i) 
                        or (ii)(I) for an alien, regardless whether the 
                        alien is within or outside the United States, 
                        if the Attorney General or the Secretary find 
                        that a determination of inadmissibility to the 
                        United States for such alien would--
                                    ``(I) result in extreme hardship to 
                                the alien or to the alien's parent, 
                                spouse, son, or daughter who is a 
                                citizen of the United States or an 
                                alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
                                residence; or
                                    ``(II) in the case of a VAWA self-
                                petitioner, result in significant 
                                hardship to the alien or a parent or 
                                child of the alien who is a citizen of 
                                the United States, an alien lawfully 
                                admitted for permanent residence, or a 
                                qualified alien (as defined in section 
                                431 of the Personal Responsibility and 
                                Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 
                                1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(b)).
                            ``(iv) Limitation on review.--No court 
                        shall have jurisdiction to review a decision or 
                        action of the Attorney General or the Secretary 
                        regarding a waiver under clause (iii).''.
                    (B) Conforming amendment.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 
                1182) is amended by striking subsection (i).
            (2) Deportability.--Section 237(a)(3)(D) (8 U.S.C. 
        1227(a)(3)(D)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(D) Falsely claiming citizenship.--Any alien 
                described in section 212(a)(6)(C)(ii) is deportable.''.

SEC. 2315. CONTINUOUS PRESENCE.

    Section 240A(d)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1229b(d)(1)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(1) Termination of continuous period.--For purposes of 
        this section, any period of continuous residence or continuous 
        physical presence in the United States shall be deemed to end, 
        except in the case of an alien who applies for cancellation of 
        removal under subsection (b)(2), on the date that a notice to 
        appear is filed with the Executive Office for Immigration 
        Review pursuant to section 240.''.

SEC. 2316. GLOBAL HEALTH CARE COOPERATION.

    (a) Temporary Absence of Aliens Providing Health Care in Developing 
Countries.--
            (1) In general.--Title III (8 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.) is 
        amended by inserting after section 317 the following:

``SEC. 317A. TEMPORARY ABSENCE OF ALIENS PROVIDING HEALTH CARE IN 
              DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, 
the Secretary of Homeland Security shall allow an eligible alien and 
the spouse or child of such alien to reside in a candidate country 
during the period that the eligible alien is working as a physician or 
other health care worker in a candidate country. During such period the 
eligible alien and such spouse or child shall be considered--
            ``(1) to be physically present and residing in the United 
        States for purposes of naturalization under section 316(a); and
            ``(2) to meet the continuous residency requirements under 
        section 316(b).
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Candidate country.--The term `candidate country' 
        means a country that the Secretary of State determines to be--
                    ``(A) eligible for assistance from the 
                International Development Association, in which the per 
                capita income of the country is equal to or less than 
                the historical ceiling of the International Development 
                Association for the applicable fiscal year, as defined 
                by the International Bank for Reconstruction and 
                Development;
                    ``(B) classified as a lower middle income country 
                in the then most recent edition of the World 
                Development Report for Reconstruction and Development 
                published by the International Bank for Reconstruction 
                and Development and having an income greater than the 
                historical ceiling for International Development 
                Association eligibility for the applicable fiscal year; 
                or
                    ``(C) qualified to be a candidate country due to 
                special circumstances, including natural disasters or 
                public health emergencies.
            ``(2) Eligible alien.--The term `eligible alien' means an 
        alien who--
                    ``(A) has been lawfully admitted to the United 
                States for permanent residence; and
                    ``(B) is a physician or other healthcare worker.
    ``(c) Consultation.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
consult with the Secretary of State in carrying out this section.
    ``(d) Publication.--The Secretary of State shall publish--
            ``(1) not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
        Immigration Modernization Act, a list of candidate countries;
            ``(2) an updated version of the list required by paragraph 
        (1) not less often than once each year; and
            ``(3) an amendment to the list required by paragraph (1) at 
        the time any country qualifies as a candidate country due to 
        special circumstances under subsection (b)(1)(C).''.
            (2) Rulemaking.--
                    (A) Requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                promulgate regulations to carry out the amendments made 
                by this subsection.
                    (B) Content.--The regulations promulgated pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A) shall--
                            (i) permit an eligible alien (as defined in 
                        section 317A of the Immigration and Nationality 
                        Act, as added by subsection (a)) and the spouse 
                        or child of the eligible alien to reside in a 
                        foreign country to work as a physician or other 
                        healthcare worker as described in subsection 
                        (a) of such section 317A for not less than a 
                        12-month period and not more than a 24-month 
                        period, and shall permit the Secretary to 
                        extend such period for an additional period not 
                        to exceed 12 months, if the Secretary 
                        determines that such country has a continuing 
                        need for such a physician or other healthcare 
                        worker;
                            (ii) provide for the issuance of documents 
                        by the Secretary to such eligible alien, and 
                        such spouse or child, if appropriate, to 
                        demonstrate that such eligible alien, and such 
                        spouse or child, if appropriate, is authorized 
                        to reside in such country under such section 
                        317A; and
                            (iii) provide for an expedited process 
                        through which the Secretary shall review 
                        applications for such an eligible alien to 
                        reside in a foreign country pursuant to 
                        subsection (a) of such section 317A if the 
                        Secretary of State determines a country is a 
                        candidate country pursuant to subsection 
                        (b)(1)(C) of such section 317A.
            (3) Technical and conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Definition.--Section 101(a)(13)(C)(ii) (8 
                U.S.C. 1101(a)(13)(C)(ii)) is amended by adding 
                ``except in the case of an eligible alien, or the 
                spouse or child of such alien, who is authorized to be 
                absent from the United States under section 317A,'' at 
                the end.
                    (B) Documentary requirements.--Section 211(b) (8 
                U.S.C. 1181(b)) is amended by inserting ``, including 
                an eligible alien authorized to reside in a foreign 
                country under section 317A and the spouse or child of 
                such eligible alien, if appropriate,'' after 
                ``101(a)(27)(A),''.
                    (C) Ineligible aliens.--Section 212(a)(7)(A)(i)(I) 
                (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(7)(A)(i)(I)) is amended by inserting 
                ``other than an eligible alien authorized to reside in 
                a foreign country under section 317A and the spouse or 
                child of such eligible alien, if appropriate,'' after 
                ``Act,''.
            (4) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents of such Act 
        is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 317 
        the following:

``Sec. 317A. Temporary absence of aliens providing health care in 
                            developing countries.''.
    (b) Attestation by Health Care Workers.--
            (1) Attestation requirement.--Section 212(a)(5) (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(a)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Health care workers with other obligations.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An alien who seeks to 
                        enter the United States for the purpose of 
                        performing labor as a physician or other health 
                        care worker is inadmissible unless the alien 
                        submits to the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                        or the Secretary of State, as appropriate, an 
                        attestation that the alien is not seeking to 
                        enter the United States for such purpose during 
                        any period in which the alien has an 
                        outstanding obligation to the government of the 
                        alien's country of origin or the alien's 
                        country of residence.
                            ``(ii) Obligation defined.--In this 
                        subparagraph, the term `obligation' means an 
                        obligation incurred as part of a valid, 
                        voluntary individual agreement in which the 
                        alien received financial assistance to defray 
                        the costs of education or training to qualify 
                        as a physician or other health care worker in 
                        consideration for a commitment to work as a 
                        physician or other health care worker in the 
                        alien's country of origin or the alien's 
                        country of residence.
                            ``(iii) Waiver.--The Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security may waive a finding of inadmissibility 
                        under clause (i) if the Secretary determines 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) the obligation was incurred 
                                by coercion or other improper means;
                                    ``(II) the alien and the government 
                                of the country to which the alien has 
                                an outstanding obligation have reached 
                                a valid, voluntary agreement, pursuant 
                                to which the alien's obligation has 
                                been deemed satisfied, or the alien has 
                                shown to the satisfaction of the 
                                Secretary that the alien has been 
                                unable to reach such an agreement 
                                because of coercion or other improper 
                                means; or
                                    ``(III) the obligation should not 
                                be enforced due to other extraordinary 
                                circumstances, including undue hardship 
                                that would be suffered by the alien in 
                                the absence of a waiver.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the date that is 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) Application.--Not later than the effective date 
        described in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall begin to carry out subparagraph (E) of section 212(a)(5) 
        of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by paragraph 
        (1), including the requirement for the attestation and the 
        granting of a waiver described in clause (iii) of such 
        subparagraph (E), regardless of whether regulations to 
        implement such subparagraph have been promulgated.

SEC. 2317. EXTENSION AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE IRAQI SPECIAL IMMIGRANT 
              VISA PROGRAM.

    The Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in section 1242, by amended subsection (c) to read as 
        follows:
    ``(c) Improved Application Process.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
and Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary of State and the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense, shall improve the efficiency by which applications for special 
immigrant visas under section 1244(a) are processed so that all steps 
incidental to the issuance of such visas, including required screenings 
and background checks, are completed not later than 9 months after the 
date on which an eligible alien applies for such visa.''; and
            (2) in section 1244--
                    (A) subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by amending subparagraph (B) to 
                                read as follows:
                    ``(B) was or is employed in Iraq on or after March 
                20, 2003, for not less than 1 year, by, or on behalf 
                of--
                            ``(i) the United States Government;
                            ``(ii) a media or nongovernmental 
                        organization headquartered in the United 
                        States; or
                            ``(iii) an organization or entity closely 
                        associated with the United States mission in 
                        Iraq that has received United States Government 
                        funding through an official and documented 
                        contract, award, grant, or cooperative 
                        agreement;'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (C), by 
                                striking ``United States Government'' 
                                and inserting ``an entity or 
                                organization described in subparagraph 
                                (B)''; and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (D), by 
                                striking by striking ``United States 
                                Government.'' and inserting ``such 
                                entity or organization.'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (4)--
                                    (I) by striking ``A 
                                recommendation'' and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided under 
                subparagraph (B), a recommendation'';
                                    (II) by striking ``United States 
                                Government prior'' and inserting ``an 
                                entity or organization described in 
                                paragraph (1)(B) prior''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                    ``(B) Review process for denial by chief of 
                mission.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An applicant who has 
                        been denied Chief of Mission approval required 
                        by subparagraph (A) shall--
                                    ``(I) receive a written decision; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) be provided 120 days from 
                                the date of the decision to request 
                                reopening of the decision to provide 
                                additional information, clarify 
                                existing information, or explain any 
                                unfavorable information.
                            ``(ii) Senior coordinator.--The Secretary 
                        of State shall designate, in the Embassy of the 
                        United States in Baghdad, Iraq, a senior 
                        coordinator responsible for overseeing the 
                        efficiency and integrity of the processing of 
                        special immigrant visas under this section, who 
                        shall be given--
                                    ``(I) sufficiently high security 
                                clearance to review Chief of Mission 
                                denials in cases that appear to have 
                                relied upon insufficient or incorrect 
                                information; and
                                    ``(II) responsibility for ensuring 
                                that an applicant described in clause 
                                (i) receives the information described 
                                in clause (i)(I).''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(3), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Subsequent fiscal years.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), and consistent with 
                subsection (b), any unused balance of the total number 
                of principal aliens who may be provided special 
                immigrant status under this section in fiscal years 
                2008 through 2012 may be carried forward and provided 
                through the end of fiscal year 2018.''; and
            (3) in section 1248, by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Report on Improvements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
        and Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary of State and 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Defense, shall submit a report, with a classified 
        annex, if necessary, to--
                    ``(A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
                    ``(B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate;
                    ``(C) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                    ``(D) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives.
            ``(2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall describe the implementation of improvements to the 
        processing of applications for special immigrant visas under 
        section 1244(a), including information relating to--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing systems for conducting 
                background and security checks of persons applying for 
                special immigrant status, which shall--
                            ``(i) support immigration security; and
                            ``(ii) provide for the orderly processing 
                        of such applications without delay;
                    ``(B) the financial, security, and personnel 
                considerations and resources necessary to carry out 
                this subtitle;
                    ``(C) the number of aliens who have applied for 
                special immigrant visas under section 1244 during each 
                month of the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(D) the reasons for the failure to expeditiously 
                process any applications that have been pending for 
                longer than 9 months;
                    ``(E) the total number of applications that are 
                pending due to the failure--
                            ``(i) to receive approval from the Chief of 
                        Mission;
                            ``(ii) for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services to complete the adjudication of the 
                        Form I-360;
                            ``(iii) to conduct a visa interview; or
                            ``(iv) to issue the visa to an eligible 
                        alien;
                    ``(F) the average wait times for an applicant at 
                each of the stages described in subparagraph (E);
                    ``(G) the number of denials or rejections at each 
                of the stages described in subparagraph (E); and
                    ``(H) a breakdown of reasons for denials at by the 
                Chief of Mission based on the categories already made 
                available to denied special immigrant visa applicants 
                in the denial letter sent to them by the Chief of 
                Mission.
    ``(g) Public Quarterly Reports .--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
Immigration Modernization Act, and every 3 months thereafter, the 
Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall publish a report on 
the website of the Department of State that describes the efficiency 
improvements made in the process by which applications for special 
immigrant visas under section 1244(a) are processed, including 
information described in subparagraphs (C) through (H) of subsection 
(f)(2).''.

SEC. 2318. EXTENSION AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE AFGHAN SPECIAL IMMIGRANT 
              VISA PROGRAM.

    Section 602(b) of the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 
U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by amending clause (ii) to read as 
                        follows:
                            ``(ii) was or is employed in Afghanistan on 
                        or after October 7, 2001, for not less than 1 
                        year, by, or on behalf of--
                                    ``(I) the United States Government;
                                    ``(II) a media or nongovernmental 
                                organization headquartered in the 
                                United States; or
                                    ``(III) an organization or entity 
                                closely associated with the United 
                                States mission in Afghanistan that has 
                                received United States Government 
                                funding through an official and 
                                documented contract, award, grant, or 
                                cooperative agreement;'';
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``United 
                        States Government'' and inserting ``an entity 
                        or organization described in clause (ii)''; and
                            (iii) in clause (iv), by striking by 
                        striking ``United States Government.'' and 
                        inserting ``such entity or organization.'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(B) Family members.--An alien is described in 
                this subparagraph if the alien is--
                            ``(i) the spouse or minor child of a 
                        principal alien described in subparagraph (A) 
                        who is accompanying or following to join the 
                        principal alien in the United States; or
                            ``(ii)(I) the spouse, child, parent or 
                        sibling of a principal alien described in 
                        subparagraph (A), whether or not accompanying 
                        or following to join; and
                            ``(II) has experienced or is experiencing 
                        an ongoing serious threat as a consequence of 
                        the qualifying employment of a principal alien 
                        described in subparagraph (A).''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) by striking ``A recommendation'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided under 
                        clause (ii), a recommendation'';
                            (ii) by striking ``United States Government 
                        prior'' and inserting ``an entity or 
                        organization described in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) 
                        prior''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Review process for denial by chief 
                        of mission.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--An applicant who 
                                has been denied Chief of Mission 
                                approval shall--
                                            ``(aa) receive a written 
                                        decision; and
                                            ``(bb) be provided 120 days 
                                        from the date of receipt of 
                                        such opinion to request 
                                        reconsideration of the decision 
                                        to provide additional 
                                        information, clarify existing 
                                        information, or explain any 
                                        unfavorable information..
                                    ``(II) Senior coordinator.--The 
                                Secretary of State shall designate, in 
                                the Embassy of the United States in 
                                Kabul, Afghanistan, a senior 
                                coordinator responsible for overseeing 
                                the efficiency and integrity of the 
                                processing of special immigrant visas 
                                under this section, who shall be 
                                given--
                                            ``(aa) sufficiently high 
                                        security clearance to review 
                                        Chief of Mission denials in 
                                        cases that appear to have 
                                        relied upon insufficient or 
                                        incorrect information; and
                                            ``(bb) responsibility for 
                                        ensuring that an applicant 
                                        described in subclause (I) 
                                        receives the information 
                                        described in subclause 
                                        (I)(aa).'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)(C), by amending clause (iii) to read 
        as follows:
                            ``(iii) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--
                        For each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 
                        the total number of principal aliens who may be 
                        provided special immigrant status under this 
                        section may not exceed the sum of--
                                    ``(I) 5,000;
                                    ``(II) the difference between the 
                                number of special immigrant visas 
                                allocated under this section for fiscal 
                                years 2009 through 2013 and the number 
                                of such allocated visas that were 
                                issued; and
                                    ``(III) any unused balance of the 
                                total number of principal aliens who 
                                may be provided special immigrant 
                                status in fiscal years 2014 through 
                                2018 that have been carried forward.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Prohibition on 
                fees.--''and inserting ``Application process.--'';
                    (B) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after 
                the date of enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
                Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the 
                Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
                Defense, shall improve the efficiency by which 
                applications for special immigrant visas under 
                paragraph (1) are processed so that all steps 
                incidental to the issuance of such visas, including 
                required screenings and background checks, are 
                completed not later than 6 months after the date on 
                which an eligible alien applies for such visa.
                    ``(B) Prohibition on fees.--The Secretary''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) Report on improvements.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
        Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the 
        Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees a report, with a classified annex, if 
        necessary, that describes the implementation of improvements to 
        the processing of applications for special immigrant visas 
        under this subsection, including information relating to--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing systems for conducting 
                background and security checks of persons applying for 
                special immigrant status, which shall--
                            ``(i) support immigration security; and
                            ``(ii) provide for the orderly processing 
                        of such applications without delay;
                    ``(B) the financial, security, and personnel 
                considerations and resources necessary to carry out 
                this section;
                    ``(C) the number of aliens who have applied for 
                special immigrant visas under this subsection during 
                each month of the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(D) the reasons for the failure to expeditiously 
                process any applications that have been pending for 
                longer than 9 months;
                    ``(E) the total number of applications that are 
                pending due to the failure--
                            ``(i) to receive approval from the Chief of 
                        Mission;
                            ``(ii) for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services to complete the adjudication of the 
                        Form I-360;
                            ``(iii) to conduct a visa interview; or
                            ``(iv) to issue the visa to an eligible 
                        alien;
                    ``(F) the average wait times for an applicant at 
                each of the stages described in subparagraph (E);
                    ``(G) the number of denials or rejections at each 
                of the stages described in subparagraph (E); and
                    ``(H) a breakdown of reasons for denials by the 
                Chief of Mission based on the categories already made 
                available to denied special immigrant visa applicants 
                in the denial letter sent to them by the Chief of 
                Mission.
            ``(13) Public quarterly reports .--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
        Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, and 
        every 3 months thereafter, the Secretary of State and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Defense, shall publish a report on the website of 
        the Department of State that describes the efficiency 
        improvements made in the process by which applications for 
        special immigrant visas under this subsection are processed, 
        including information described in subparagraph (C) through (H) 
        of paragraph (12).''.

SEC. 2319. ELIMINATION OF SUNSETS FOR CERTAIN VISA PROGRAMS.

    (a) Special Immigrant Nonminister Religious Worker Program.--
Section 101(a)(27)(C)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(27)(C)(ii)) is amended in 
subclauses (II) and (III) by striking ``before September 30, 2015,'' 
both places such term appears.
    (b) EB -5 Regional Center Program.--Section 610(b) of the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 102-395; 8 U.S.C. 1153 
note) is amended by striking ``until September 30, 2015''.

            Subtitle D--Conrad State 30 and Physician Access

SEC. 2401. CONRAD STATE 30 PROGRAM.

    Section 220(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Technical 
Corrections Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-416; 8 U.S.C. 1182 note) is 
amended by striking ``and before September 30, 2015''.

SEC. 2402. RETAINING PHYSICIANS WHO HAVE PRACTICED IN MEDICALLY 
              UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES.

    Section 201(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(1)), as amended by section 
217(b), is further amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(L)(i) Alien physicians who have completed service 
        requirements of a waiver requested under section 
        203(b)(2)(B)(ii), including alien physicians who completed such 
        service before the date of the enactment of the Border 
        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
        Act and any spouses or children of such alien physicians.
            ``(ii) Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed--
                    ``(I) to prevent the filing of a petition with the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security for classification under 
                section 204(a) or the filing of an application for 
                adjustment of status under section 245 by an alien 
                physician described in this subparagraph prior to the 
                date by which such alien physician has completed the 
                service described in section 214(l) or worked full-time 
                as a physician for an aggregate of 5 years at the 
                location identified in the section 214(l) waiver or in 
                an area or areas designated by the Secretary of Health 
                and Human Services as having a shortage of health care 
                professionals; or
                    ``(II) to permit the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                to grant such a petition or application until the alien 
                has satisfied all the requirements of the waiver 
                received under section 214(l).''.

SEC. 2403. EMPLOYMENT PROTECTIONS FOR PHYSICIANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 214(l)(1)(C) (8 U.S.C. 1184(l)(1)(C)) is 
amended by striking clauses (i) and (ii) and inserting the following:
                    ``(i) the alien demonstrates a bona fide offer of 
                full-time employment, at a health care organization, 
                which employment has been determined by the Secretary 
                of Homeland Security to be in the public interest; and
                    ``(ii) the alien agrees to begin employment with 
                the health facility or health care organization in a 
                geographic area or areas which are designated by the 
                Secretary of Health and Human Services as having a 
                shortage of health care professionals by the later of 
                the date that is 90 days after receiving such waiver, 
                90 days after completing graduate medical education or 
                training under a program approved pursuant to section 
                212(j)(1), or 90 days after receiving nonimmigrant 
                status or employment authorization, and agrees to 
                continue to work for a total of not less than 3 years 
                in any status authorized for such employment under this 
                subsection unless--
                            ``(I) the Secretary determines that 
                        extenuating circumstances exist that justify a 
                        lesser period of employment at such facility or 
                        organization, in which case the alien shall 
                        demonstrate another bona fide offer of 
                        employment at a health facility or health care 
                        organization, for the remainder of such 3-year 
                        period;
                            ``(II) the interested State agency that 
                        requested the waiver attests that extenuating 
                        circumstances exist that justify a lesser 
                        period of employment at such facility or 
                        organization in which case the alien shall 
                        demonstrate another bona fide offer of 
                        employment at a health facility or health care 
                        organization so designated by the Secretary of 
                        Health and Human Services, for the remainder of 
                        such 3-year period; or
                            ``(III) if the alien elects not to pursue a 
                        determination of extenuating circumstances 
                        pursuant to subclause (I) or (II), the alien 
                        terminates the alien's employment relationship 
                        with such facility or organization, in which 
                        case the alien shall be employed for the 
                        remainder of such 3-year period, and 1 
                        additional year for each termination, at 
                        another health facility or health care 
                        organization in a geographic area or areas 
                        which are designated by the Secretary of Health 
                        and Human Services as having a shortage of 
                        health care professionals; and''.
    (b) Contract Requirements.--Section 214(l) (8 U.S.C. 1184(l)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(4) An alien granted a waiver under paragraph (1)(C) shall enter 
into an employment agreement with the contracting health facility or 
health care organization that--
            ``(A) specifies the maximum number of on-call hours per 
        week (which may be a monthly average) that the alien will be 
        expected to be available and the compensation the alien will 
        receive for on-call time;
            ``(B) specifies whether the contracting facility or 
        organization will pay for the alien's malpractice insurance 
        premiums, including whether the employer will provide 
        malpractice insurance and, if so, the amount of such insurance 
        that will be provided;
            ``(C) describes all of the work locations that the alien 
        will work and a statement that the contracting facility or 
        organization will not add additional work locations without the 
        approval of the Federal agency or State agency that requested 
        the waiver; and
            ``(D) does not include a non-compete provision.
    ``(5) An alien granted a waiver under paragraph (1)(C) whose 
employment relationship with a health facility or health care 
organization terminates during the 3-year service period required by 
such paragraph--
            ``(A) shall have a period of 120 days beginning on the date 
        of such termination of employment to submit to the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security applications or petitions to commence 
        employment with another contracting health facility or health 
        care organization in a geographic area or areas which are 
        designated by the Secretary of Health and Human Services as 
        having a shortage of health care professionals; and
            ``(B) shall be considered to be maintaining lawful status 
        in an authorized stay during the 120-day period referred to in 
        subsection (A).''.

SEC. 2404. ALLOTMENT OF CONRAD 30 WAIVERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 214(l) (8 U.S.C. 1184(l)), as amended by 
section 333(b), is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(6)(A)(i) All States shall be allotted a total of 35 waivers 
under paragraph (1)(B) for a fiscal year if 90 percent of the waivers 
available to the States receiving at least 5 waivers were used in the 
previous fiscal year.
    ``(ii) When an allocation has occurred under clause (i), all States 
shall be allotted an additional 5 waivers under paragraph (1)(B) for 
each subsequent fiscal year if 90 percent of the waivers available to 
the States receiving at least 5 waivers were used in the previous 
fiscal year. If the States are allotted 45 or more waivers for a fiscal 
year, the States will only receive an additional increase of 5 waivers 
the following fiscal year if 95 percent of the waivers available to the 
States receiving at least 1 waiver were used in the previous fiscal 
year.
    ``(B) Any increase in allotments under subparagraph (A) shall be 
maintained indefinitely, unless in a fiscal year, the total number of 
such waivers granted is 5 percent lower than in the last year in which 
there was an increase in the number of waivers allotted pursuant to 
this paragraph, in which case--
            ``(i) the number of waivers allotted shall be decreased by 
        5 for all States beginning in the next fiscal year; and
            ``(ii) each additional 5 percent decrease in such waivers 
        granted from the last year in which there was an increase in 
        the allotment, shall result in an additional decrease of 5 
        waivers allotted for all States, provided that the number of 
        waivers allotted for all States shall not drop below 30.''.
    (b) Academic Medical Centers.--Section 214(l)(1)(D) (8 U.S.C. 
1184(l)(1)(D)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(iv) in the case of a request by an interested 
                State agency--
                            ``(I) the head of such agency determines 
                        that the alien is to practice medicine in, or 
                        be on the faculty of a residency program at, an 
                        academic medical center (as that term is 
                        defined in section 411.355(e)(2) of title 42, 
                        Code of Federal Regulation, or similar 
                        successor regulation), without regard to 
                        whether such facility is located within an area 
                        designated by the Secretary of Health and Human 
                        Services as having a shortage of health care 
                        professionals; and
                            ``(II) the head of such agency determines 
                        that--
                                    ``(aa) the alien physician's work 
                                is in the public interest; and
                                    ``(bb) the grant of such waiver 
                                would not cause the number of the 
                                waivers granted on behalf of aliens for 
                                such State for a fiscal year (within 
                                the limitation in subparagraph (B) and 
                                subject to paragraph (6)) in accordance 
                                with the conditions of this clause to 
                                exceed 3.''.

SEC. 2405. AMENDMENTS TO THE PROCEDURES, DEFINITIONS, AND OTHER 
              PROVISIONS RELATED TO PHYSICIAN IMMIGRATION.

    (a) Dual Intent for Physicians Seeking Graduate Medical Training.--
Section 214(b) (8 U.S.C. 1184(b)) is amended by striking ``(other than 
a nonimmigrant described in subparagraph (L) or (V) of section 
101(a)(15), and other than a nonimmigrant described in any provision of 
section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) except subclause (b1) of such section)'' and 
inserting ``(other than a nonimmigrant described in subparagraph (L) or 
(V) of section 101(a)(15), a nonimmigrant described in any provision of 
section 101(a)(15)(H)(i), except subclause (b1) of such section, and an 
alien coming to the United States to receive graduate medical education 
or training as described in section 212(j) or to take examinations 
required to receive graduate medical education or training as described 
in section 212(j))''.
    (b) Allowable Visa Status for Physicians Fulfilling Waiver 
Requirements in Medically Underserved Areas.--Section 214(l)(2)(A) (8 
U.S.C. 1184(l)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``an alien described in 
section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b).'' and inserting ``any status authorized 
for employment under this Act.''.
    (c) Physician National Interest Waiver Clarifications.--Section 
203(b)(2)(B)(ii)(I) (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2)(B)(ii)(I)) is amended by 
striking items (aa) and (bb) and inserting the following:
                            ``(aa) the alien physician agrees to work 
                        on a full-time basis practicing primary care, 
                        specialty medicine, or a combination thereof, 
                        in an area or areas designated by the Secretary 
                        of Health and Human Services as having a 
                        shortage of health care professionals, or at a 
                        health care facility under the jurisdiction of 
                        the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; or
                            ``(bb) the alien physician is pursuing such 
                        waiver based upon service at a facility or 
                        facilities that serve patients who reside in a 
                        geographic area or areas designated by the 
                        Secretary of Health and Human Services as 
                        having a shortage of health care professionals 
                        (without regard to whether such facility or 
                        facilities are located within such an area) and 
                        a Federal agency, or a local, county, regional, 
                        or State department of public health determines 
                        the alien physician's work was or will be in 
                        the public interest.''.
    (d) Short Term Work Authorization for Physicians Completing Their 
Residencies.--A physician completing graduate medical education or 
training as described in section 212(j) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(j)) as a nonimmigrant described section 
101(a)(15)(H)(i) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(i)) shall have 
such nonimmigrant status automatically extended until October 1 of the 
fiscal year for which a petition for a continuation of such 
nonimmigrant status has been submitted in a timely manner and where the 
employment start date for the beneficiary of such petition is October 1 
of that fiscal year. Such physician shall be authorized to be employed 
incident to status during the period between the filing of such 
petition and October 1 of such fiscal year. However, the physician's 
status and employment authorization shall terminate 30 days from the 
date such petition is rejected, denied or revoked. A physician's status 
and employment authorization will automatically extend to October 1 of 
the next fiscal year if all visas as described in such section 
101(a)(15)(H)(i) authorized to be issued for the fiscal year have been 
issued.
    (e) Applicability of Section 212(e) to Spouses and Children of J-1 
Exchange Visitors.--A spouse or child of an exchange visitor described 
in section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(J)) shall not be subject to the requirements of 
section 212(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1182(e)).

                        Subtitle E--Integration

SEC. 2501. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Chief.--The term ``Chief'' means the Chief of the 
        Office.
            (2) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the United 
        States Citizenship Foundation established pursuant to section 
        2531.
            (3) IEACA grants.--The term ``IEACA grants'' means Initial 
        Entry, Adjustment, and Citizenship Assistance grants authorized 
        under section 2537.
            (4) Immigrant integration.--The term ``immigrant 
        integration'' means the process by which immigrants--
                    (A) join the mainstream of civic life by engaging 
                and sharing ownership in their local community, the 
                United States, and the principles of the Constitution;
                    (B) attain financial self-sufficiency and upward 
                economic mobility for themselves and their family 
                members; and
                    (C) acquire English language skills and related 
                cultural knowledge necessary to effectively participate 
                in their community.
            (5) Linguistic integration.--The term ``linguistic 
        integration'' means the acquisition, by limited English 
        proficient individuals, of English language skills and related 
        cultural knowledge necessary to meaningfully and effectively 
        fulfill their roles as community members, family members, and 
        workers.
            (6) Office.--The term ``Office'' means the Office of 
        Citizenship and New Americans established in U.S. Citizenship 
        and Immigration Services under section 2511.
            (7) Receiving communities.--The term ``receiving 
        communities'' means the long-term residents of the communities 
        in which immigrants settle.
            (8) Task force.--The term ``Task Force'' means the Task 
        Force on New Americans established pursuant to section 2521.
            (9) USCF council.--The term ``USCF Council'' means the 
        Council of Directors of the Foundation.

                CHAPTER 1--CITIZENSHIP AND NEW AMERICANS

         Subchapter A--Office of Citizenship and New Americans

SEC. 2511. OFFICE OF CITIZENSHIP AND NEW AMERICANS.

    (a) Renaming Office of Citizenship.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, the Office of Citizenship in U.S. Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services shall be referred to as the ``Office of 
        Citizenship and New Americans''.
            (2) References.--Any reference in a law, regulation, 
        document, paper, or other record of the United States to the 
        Office of Citizenship in U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services shall be deemed to be a reference to the Office of 
        Citizenship and New Americans.
            (3) Technical and conforming amendments.--Section 451 of 
        the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271) is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``bureau 
                of'' and inserting ``u.s.'';
                    (B) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``the 'Bureau 
                of'' and inserting ``'U.S.'';
                    (C) by striking ``the Bureau of'' each place such 
                terms appears and inserting ``U.S.''; and
                    (D) in subsection (f)--
                            (i) by amending the subsection heading to 
                        read as follows: ``Office of Citizenship and 
                        New Americans''; and
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Chief.--The Office of Citizenship and New Americans 
        shall be within U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and 
        shall be headed by the Chief of the Office of Citizenship and 
        New Americans.''.
    (b) Functions.--Section 451(f) of such Act (6 U.S.C. 271(f)), as 
amended by subsection (a)(3)(D), is further amended by striking 
paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Functions.--The Chief of the Office of Citizenship 
        and New Americans shall--
                    ``(A) promote institutions and training on 
                citizenship responsibilities for aliens interested in 
                becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, 
                including the development of educational materials for 
                such aliens;
                    ``(B) provide general leadership, consultation, and 
                coordination of the immigrant integration programs 
                across the Federal Government and with State and local 
                entities;
                    ``(C) advise the Director of U.S. Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services, the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security, and the Domestic Policy Council on--
                            ``(i) the challenges and opportunities 
                        relating to the linguistic, economic, and civic 
                        integration of immigrants and their young 
                        children and progress in meeting integration 
                        goals and indicators; and
                            ``(ii) immigrant integration considerations 
                        relating to Federal budgets;
                    ``(D) establish national goals for introducing new 
                immigrants into the United States and measure the 
                degree to which such goals are met;
                    ``(E) evaluate the scale, quality, and 
                effectiveness of Federal Government efforts in 
                immigrant integration and provide advice on appropriate 
                actions;
                    ``(F) identify the integration implications of new 
                or proposed immigration policies and provide 
                recommendations for addressing such implications;
                    ``(G) continue the efforts of the Task Force on New 
                Americans established by Executive Order 13404 (71 Fed. 
                Reg. 33593);
                    ``(H) serve as a liaison and intermediary with 
                State and local governments and other entities to 
                assist in establishing local goals, task forces, and 
                councils to assist in--
                            ``(i) introducing immigrants into the 
                        United States; and
                            ``(ii) promoting citizenship education and 
                        awareness among aliens interested in becoming 
                        naturalized citizens of the United States;
                    ``(I) coordinate with other Federal agencies to 
                provide information to State and local governments on 
                the demand for existing Federal and State English 
                acquisition and citizenship education programs and best 
                practices for immigrants who recently arrived in the 
                United States;
                    ``(J) assist States in coordinating the activities 
                of the grant programs authorized under sections 2537 
                and 2538 of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
                and Immigration Modernization Act;
                    ``(K) submit a biennial report to the appropriate 
                congressional committees that describes the activities 
                of the Office of Citizenship and New Americans; and
                    ``(L) carry out such other functions and activities 
                as Secretary may assign.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

               Subchapter B--Task Force on New Americans

SEC. 2521. ESTABLISHMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a Task Force on New 
Americans.
    (b) Fully Functional.--The Task Force shall be fully functional not 
later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 2522. PURPOSE.

    The purposes of the Task Force are--
            (1) to establish a coordinated Federal program and policy 
        response to immigrant integration issues; and
            (2) to advise and assist the Secretary in identifying and 
        fostering policies to carry out the policies and goals 
        established under this chapter.

SEC. 2523. MEMBERSHIP.

    (a) In General.--The Task Force shall be comprised of--
            (1) the Secretary, who shall serve as Chair of the Task 
        Force;
            (2) the Secretary of the Treasury;
            (3) the Attorney General;
            (4) the Secretary of Commerce;
            (5) the Secretary of Labor;
            (6) the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
            (7) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development;
            (8) the Secretary of Transportation;
            (9) the Secretary of Education;
            (10) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget;
            (11) the Administrator of the Small Business 
        Administration;
            (12) the Director of the Domestic Policy Council; and
            (13) the Director of the National Economic Council.
    (b) Delegation.--A member of the Task Force may delegate a senior 
official, at the Assistant Secretary, Deputy Administrator, Deputy 
Director, or Assistant Attorney General level to perform the functions 
of a Task Force member described in section 2524.

SEC. 2524. FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Meetings; Functions.--The Task Force shall--
            (1) meet at the call of the Chair; and
            (2) perform such functions as the Secretary may prescribe.
    (b) Coordinated Response.--The Task Force shall work with executive 
branch agencies--
            (1) to provide a coordinated Federal response to issues 
        that impact the lives of new immigrants and receiving 
        communities, including--
                    (A) access to youth and adult education 
                programming;
                    (B) workforce training;
                    (C) health care policy;
                    (D) access to naturalization; and
                    (E) community development challenges; and
            (2) to ensure that Federal programs and policies adequately 
        address such impacts.
    (c) Liaisons.--Members of the Task Force shall serve as liaisons to 
their respective agencies to ensure the quality and timeliness of their 
agency's participation in activities of the Task Force, including--
            (1) creating integration goals and indicators;
            (2) implementing the biannual consultation process with the 
        agency's State and local counterparts; and
            (3) reporting on agency data collection, policy, and 
        program efforts relating to achieving the goals and indicators 
        referred to in paragraph (1).
    (d) Recommendations.--Not later than 18 months after the end of the 
period specified in section 2521(b), the Task Force shall--
            (1) provide recommendations to the Domestic Policy Council 
        and the Secretary on the effects of pending legislation and 
        executive branch policy proposals;
            (2) suggest changes to Federal programs or policies to 
        address issues of special importance to new immigrants and 
        receiving communities;
            (3) review and recommend changes to policies that have a 
        distinct impact on new immigrants and receiving communities; 
        and
            (4) assist in the development of legislative and policy 
        proposals of special importance to new immigrants and receiving 
        communities.

                 CHAPTER 2--PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP

SEC. 2531. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP FOUNDATION.

    The Secretary, acting through the Director of U.S. Citizenship and 
Immigration Services, is authorized to establish a nonprofit 
corporation, which shall be known as the ``United States Citizenship 
Foundation''.

SEC. 2532. FUNDING.

    (a) Gifts to Foundation.--In order to carry out the purposes set 
forth in section 2533, the Foundation may--
            (1) solicit, accept, and make gifts of money and other 
        property in accordance with section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986;
            (2) engage in coordinated work with the Department, 
        including the Office and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services; and
            (3) accept, hold, administer, invest, and spend any gift, 
        devise, or bequest of real or personal property made to the 
        Foundation.
    (b) Gifts to Office of Citizenship and New Americans.--The Office 
may accept gifts from the Foundation to support the functions of the 
Office.

SEC. 2533. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of the Foundation are--
            (1) to expand citizenship preparation programs for 
        permanent residents;
            (2) to provide direct assistance for aliens seeking 
        provisional immigrant status, legal permanent resident status, 
        or naturalization as a United States citizen; and
            (3) to coordinate immigrant integration with State and 
        local entities.

SEC. 2534. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    The Foundation shall carry out its purpose by--
            (1) making United States citizenship instruction and 
        naturalization application services accessible to low-income 
        and other underserved permanent resident populations;
            (2) developing, identifying, and sharing best practices in 
        United States citizenship preparation;
            (3) supporting innovative and creative solutions to 
        barriers faced by those seeking naturalization;
            (4) increasing the use of, and access to, technology in 
        United States citizenship preparation programs;
            (5) engaging receiving communities in the United States 
        citizenship and civic integration process;
            (6) administering the New Citizens Award Program to 
        recognize, in each calendar year, not more than 10 United 
        States citizens who--
                    (A) have made outstanding contributions to the 
                United States; and
                    (B) have been naturalized during the 10-year period 
                ending on the date of such recognition;
            (7) fostering public education and awareness;
            (8) coordinate its immigrant integration efforts with the 
        Office;
            (9) awarding grants to eligible public or private nonprofit 
        organizations under section 2537.
            (10) awarding grants to State and local governments under 
        section 2538.

SEC. 2535. COUNCIL OF DIRECTORS.

    (a) Members.--The Foundation shall have a Council of Directors, 
which shall be comprised of--
            (1) the Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services;
            (2) the Chief of the Office of Citizenship and New 
        Americans; and
            (3) 10 directors, appointed by the ex-officio directors 
        designated in paragraphs (1) and (2), from national community-
        based organizations that promote and assist permanent residents 
        with naturalization.
    (b) Appointment of Executive Director.--The USCF Council shall 
appoint an Executive Director, who shall oversee the day-to-day 
operations of the Foundation.

SEC. 2536. POWERS.

    The Executive Director is authorized to carry out the purposes set 
forth in section 2533 on behalf of the Foundation by--
            (1) accepting, holding, administering, investing, and 
        spending any gift, devise, or bequest of real or personal 
        property made to the Foundation;
            (2) entering into contracts and other financial assistance 
        agreements with individuals, public or private organizations, 
        professional societies, and government agencies to carry out 
        the functions of the Foundation;
            (3) entering into such other contracts, leases, cooperative 
        agreements, and other transactions as the Executive Director 
        considers appropriate to carry out the activities of the 
        Foundation; and
            (4) charging such fees for professional services furnished 
        by the Foundation as the Executive Director determines 
        reasonable and appropriate.

SEC. 2537. INITIAL ENTRY, ADJUSTMENT, AND CITIZENSHIP ASSISTANCE GRANT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Authorization.--The Secretary, acting through the Director of 
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, may award Initial Entry, 
Adjustment, and Citizenship Assistance grants to eligible public or 
private, nonprofit organizations.
    (b) Use of Grant Funds.--IEACA grants shall be used for the design 
and implementation of programs that provide direct assistance, within 
the scope of the authorized practice of immigration law--
            (1) to aliens who are preparing an initial application for 
        registered provisional immigrant status under section 245B of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 2101 
        of this Act, including assisting applicants in--
                    (A) screening to assess prospective applicants' 
                potential eligibility or lack of eligibility;
                    (B) completing applications;
                    (C) gathering proof of identification, employment, 
                residence, and tax payment;
                    (D) gathering proof of relationships of eligible 
                family members;
                    (E) applying for any waivers for which applicants 
                and qualifying family members may be eligible; and
                    (F) any other assistance that the Secretary or 
                grantee considers useful to aliens who are interested 
                in applying for registered provisional immigrant 
                status;
            (2) to aliens seeking to adjust their status under 
        section2211 or 2212 of this Act or section 245, 245B, or 245C 
        of the Immigration and Nationality Act;
            (3) to legal permanent residents seeking to become 
        naturalized United States citizens; and
            (4) to applicants on--
                    (A) the rights and responsibilities of United 
                States citizenship;
                    (B) civics-based English as a second language;
                    (C) civics, with a special emphasis on common 
                values and traditions of Americans, including an 
                understanding of the history of the United States and 
                the principles of the Constitution; and
                    (D) applying for United States citizenship.

SEC. 2538. PILOT PROGRAM TO PROMOTE IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION AT STATE AND 
              LOCAL LEVELS.

    (a) Grants Authorized.--The Chief shall establish a pilot program 
through which the Chief may award grants, on a competitive basis, to 
States and local governments or other qualifying entities, in 
collaboration with State and local governments --
            (1) to establish New Immigrant Councils to carry out 
        programs to integrate new immigrants; or
            (2) to carry out programs to integrate new immigrants.
    (b) Application.--A State or local government desiring a grant 
under this section shall submit an application to the Chief at such 
time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Chief may 
reasonably require, including--
            (1) a proposal to meet an objective or combination of 
        objectives set forth in subsection (d)(3);
            (2) the number of new immigrants in the applicant's 
        jurisdiction; and
            (3) a description of the challenges in introducing and 
        integrating new immigrants into the State or local community.
    (c) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the Chief 
shall give priority to States and local governments or other qualifying 
entities that--
            (1) use matching funds from non-Federal sources, which may 
        include in-kind contributions;
            (2) demonstrate collaboration with public and private 
        entities to achieve the goals of the comprehensive plan 
        developed pursuant to subsection (d)(3);
            (3) are 1 of the 10 States with the highest rate of 
        foreign-born residents; or
            (4) have experienced a large increase in the population of 
        immigrants during the most recent 10-year period relative to 
        past migration patterns, based on data compiled by the Office 
        of Immigration Statistics or the United States Census Bureau.
    (d) Authorized Activities.--A grant awarded under this subsection 
may be used--
            (1) to form a New Immigrant Council, which shall--
                    (A) consist of between 15 and 19 individuals, 
                inclusive, from the State, local government, or 
                qualifying organization;
                    (B) include, to the extent practicable, 
                representatives from--
                            (i) business;
                            (ii) faith-based organizations;
                            (iii) civic organizations;
                            (iv) philanthropic organizations;
                            (v) nonprofit organizations, including 
                        those with experience working with immigrant 
                        communities;
                            (vi) key education stakeholders, such as 
                        State educational agencies, local educational 
                        agencies, community colleges, and teachers;
                            (vii) State adult education offices;
                            (viii) State or local public libraries; and
                            (ix) State or local governments; and
                    (C) meet not less frequently than once each 
                quarter;
            (2) to provide subgrants to local communities, city 
        governments, municipalities, nonprofit organizations (including 
        veterans' and patriotic organizations) or other qualifying 
        entities;
            (3) to develop, implement, expand, or enhance a 
        comprehensive plan to introduce and integrate new immigrants 
        into the State by--
                    (A) improving English language skills;
                    (B) engaging caretakers with limited English 
                proficiency in their child's education through 
                interactive parent and child literacy activities;
                    (C) improving and expanding access to workforce 
                training programs;
                    (D) teaching United States history, civics 
                education, citizenship rights, and responsibilities;
                    (E) promoting an understanding of the form of 
                government and history of the United States and the 
                principles of the Constitution;
                    (F) improving financial literacy; and
                    (G) focusing on other key areas of importance to 
                integration in our society; and
            (4) to engage receiving communities in the citizenship and 
        civic integration process by--
                    (A) increasing local service capacity;
                    (B) building meaningful connections between newer 
                immigrants and long-time residents;
                    (C) communicating the contributions of receiving 
                communities and new immigrants; and
                    (D) engaging leaders from all sectors of the 
                community.
    (e) Reporting and Evaluation.--
            (1) Annual report.--Each grant recipient shall submit an 
        annual report to the Office that describes--
                    (A) the activities undertaken by the grant 
                recipient, including how such activities meet the goals 
                of the Office, the Foundation, and the comprehensive 
                plan described in subsection (d)(3);
                    (B) the geographic areas being served;
                    (C) the number of immigrants in such areas; and
                    (D) the primary languages spoken in such areas.
            (2) Annual evaluation.--The Chief shall conduct an annual 
        evaluation of the grant program established under this 
        section--
                    (A) to assess and improve the effectiveness of such 
                grant program;
                    (B) to assess the future needs of immigrants and of 
                State and local governments related to immigrants; and
                    (C) to ensure that grantees recipients and 
                subgrantees are acting within the scope and purpose of 
                this subchapter.

SEC. 2539. NATURALIZATION CEREMONIES.

    (a) In General.--The Chief, in consultation with the Director of 
the National Park Service, the Archivist of the United States, and 
other appropriate Federal officials, shall develop and implement a 
strategy to enhance the public awareness of naturalization ceremonies.
    (b) Venues.--In developing the strategy under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall consider the use of outstanding and historic locations 
as venues for select naturalization ceremonies.
    (c) Reporting Requirement.--The Secretary shall annually submit a 
report to Congress that contains--
            (1) the content of the strategy developed under subsection 
        (a); and
            (2) the progress made towards the implementation of such 
        strategy.

                           CHAPTER 3--FUNDING

SEC. 2541. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Office of Citizenship and New Americans.--In addition to any 
amounts otherwise made available to the Office, there are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out the functions described in section 
451(f)(2) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271(f)(2)), as 
amended by section 2511(b)--
            (1) $10,000,000 for the 5-year period ending on September 
        30, 2018; and
            (2) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019 and 
        subsequent fiscal years.
    (b) Grant Programs.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
implement the grant programs authorized under sections 2537 and 2538, 
and to implement the strategy under section 2539--
            (1) $100,000,000 for the 5-year period ending on September 
        30, 2018; and
            (2) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019 and 
        subsequent fiscal years.

              CHAPTER 4--REDUCE BARRIERS TO NATURALIZATION

SEC. 2551. WAIVER OF ENGLISH REQUIREMENT FOR SENIOR NEW AMERICANS.

    Section 312 (8 U.S.C. 1423) is amended by striking subsection (b) 
and inserting the following:
    ``(b) The requirements under subsection (a) shall not apply to any 
person who--
            ``(1) is unable to comply with such requirements because of 
        physical or developmental disability or mental impairment; or
            ``(2) on the date on which the person's application for 
        naturalization is filed under section 334--
                    ``(A) is older than 65 years of age; and
                    ``(B) has been living in the United States for 
                periods totaling at least 5 years after being lawfully 
                admitted for permanent residence.
    ``(c) The requirement under subsection (a)(1) shall not apply to 
any person who, on the date on which the person's application for 
naturalization is filed under section 334--
            ``(1) is older than 50 years of age and has been living in 
        the United States for periods totaling at least 20 years after 
        being lawfully admitted for permanent residence;
            ``(2) is older than 55 years of age and has been living in 
        the United States for periods totaling at least 15 years after 
        being lawfully admitted for permanent residence; or
            ``(3) is older than 60 years of age and has been living in 
        the United States for periods totaling at least 10 years after 
        being lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
    ``(d) The Secretary of Homeland Security may waive, on a case-by-
case basis, the requirement under subsection (a)(2) on behalf of any 
person who, on the date on which the person's application for 
naturalization is filed under section 334--
            ``(1) is older than 60 years of age; and
            ``(2) has been living in the United States for periods 
        totaling at least 10 years after being lawfully admitted for 
        permanent residence.''.

SEC. 2552. FILING OF APPLICATIONS NOT REQUIRING REGULAR INTERNET 
              ACCESS.

    (a) Electronic Filing Not Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may not require that an 
        applicant or petitioner for permanent residence or citizenship 
        of the United States use an electronic method to file any 
        application, or access to a customer account.
            (2) Sunset date.--This subsection shall cease to be 
        effective on October 1, 2020.
    (b) Notification Requirement.--Beginning on October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary may not require that an applicant or petitioner for permanent 
residence or citizenship of the United States use an electronic method 
to file any application, or access to a customer account unless the 
Secretary notifies the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
House of Representatives of such requirement not later than 30 days 
before the effective date of such requirement.

                    TITLE III--INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT

               Subtitle A--Employment Verification System

SEC. 3101. UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF UNAUTHORIZED ALIENS.

    (a) In General.--Section 274A (8 U.S.C. 1324a) is amended to read 
as follows:

``SEC. 274A. UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS.

    ``(a) Making Employment of Unauthorized Aliens Unlawful.--
            ``(1) In general.--It is unlawful for an employer--
                    ``(A) to hire, recruit, or refer for a fee an alien 
                for employment in the United States knowing that the 
                alien is an unauthorized alien with respect to such 
                employment; or
                    ``(B) to hire, recruit, or refer for a fee for 
                employment in the United States an individual without 
                complying with the requirements under subsections (c) 
                and (d).
            ``(2) Continuing employment.--
                    ``(A) Prohibition on continued employment of 
                unauthorized aliens.--It is unlawful for an employer, 
                after hiring an alien for employment, to continue to 
                employ the alien in the United States knowing that the 
                alien is (or has become) an unauthorized alien with 
                respect to such employment.
                    ``(B) Prohibition on consideration of previous 
                unauthorized status.--Nothing in this section may be 
                construed to prohibit the employment of an individual 
                who is authorized for employment in the United States 
                if such individual was previously an unauthorized 
                alien.
            ``(3) Use of labor through contract.--For purposes of this 
        section, any employer that uses a contract, subcontract, or 
        exchange to obtain the labor of an alien in the United States 
        while knowing that the alien is an unauthorized alien with 
        respect to performing such labor shall be considered to have 
        hired the alien for employment in the United States in 
        violation of paragraph (1)(A).
            ``(4) Use of state employment agency documentation.--For 
        purposes of paragraphs (1)(B), (5), and (6), an employer shall 
        be deemed to have complied with the requirements under 
        subsection (c) with respect to the hiring of an individual who 
        was referred for such employment by a State employment agency 
        (as defined by the Secretary) if the employer has and retains 
        (for the period and in the manner described in subsection 
        (c)(3)) appropriate documentation of such referral by such 
        agency, certifying that such agency has complied with the 
        procedures described in subsection (c) with respect to the 
        individual's referral. An employer that relies on a State 
        agency's certification of compliance with subsection (c) under 
        this paragraph may utilize and retain the State agency's 
        certification of compliance with the procedures described in 
        subsection (d), if any, in the manner provided under this 
        paragraph.
            ``(5) Good faith defense.--
                    ``(A) Defense.--An employer, person, or entity that 
                hires, employs, recruits, or refers individuals for 
                employment in the United States, or is otherwise 
                obligated to comply with the requirements under this 
                section and establishes good faith compliance with the 
                requirements under paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
                subsection (c) and subsection (d)--
                            ``(i) has established an affirmative 
                        defense that the employer, person, or entity 
                        has not violated paragraph (1)(A) with respect 
                        to hiring and employing; and
                            ``(ii) has established compliance with its 
                        obligations under subparagraph (A) and (B) of 
                        paragraph (1) and subsection (c) unless the 
                        Secretary demonstrates that the employer had 
                        knowledge that an individuals hired, employed, 
                        recruited, or referred by the employer, person, 
                        or entity is an authorized alien.
                    ``(B) Failure to obtain verification.--An employer 
                that has made the inquiry under subsection (d) with 
                respect to an individual, but has not received an 
                appropriate verification of the identity and work 
                eligibility of such individual from the System within 
                the time period specified in subsection (d)(4)(C) may 
                retain the defense under subparagraph (A) if the 
                employer timely records in the System the reasons the 
                employer continues to employ the individual.
                    ``(C) Exception for certain employers.--An employer 
                who is not required to participate in the System or who 
                is participating in the System on a voluntary basis 
                pursuant to subsection (d)(2)(I) has established an 
                affirmative defense under subparagraph (A) and need not 
                demonstrate compliance with the requirements under 
                subsection (d).
            ``(6) Good faith compliance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                this subsection, an employer, person, or entity is 
                considered to have complied with a requirement under 
                this subsection notwithstanding a technical or 
                procedural failure to meet such requirement if there 
                was a good faith attempt to comply with the 
                requirement.
                    ``(B) Exception if failure to correct after 
                notice.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply if--
                            ``(i) the failure is not de minimis;
                            ``(ii) the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                        has explained to the employer, person, or 
                        entity the basis for the failure and why it is 
                        not de minimis;
                            ``(iii) the employer, person, or entity has 
                        been provided a period of not less than 30 days 
                        (beginning after the date of the explanation) 
                        to correct the failure; and
                            ``(iv) the employer, person, or entity has 
                        not corrected the failure voluntarily within 
                        such period.
                    ``(C) Exception for pattern or practice 
                violators.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to an 
                employer, person, or entity that has engaged or is 
                engaging in a pattern or practice of violations of 
                paragraph (1)(A) or (2).
            ``(7) Presumption.--After the date on which an employer is 
        required to participate in the System under subsection (d), the 
        employer is presumed to have acted with knowledge for purposes 
        of paragraph (1)(A) if the employer hires, employs, recruits, 
        or refers an employee and fails to make an inquiry to verify 
        the employment authorization status of the employee through the 
        System.
            ``(8) Continued application of workforce and labor 
        protection remedies despite unauthorized employment.--An 
        employer may not deny an employee back pay or any other remedy 
        provided under any Federal, State, or local law relating to 
        workplace rights, and a court may not prohibit an employee from 
        pursuing other causes of action giving rise to liability, 
        except any reinstatement remedy prohibited by Federal law, on 
        account of the employee's status as an unauthorized alien, 
        either during or after the period of employment by the 
        employer.
            ``(9) Availability of reinstatement and relief.--
        Reinstatement and all other appropriate relief shall be 
        available to individuals who--
                    ``(A) are lawfully present in the United States at 
                the time such relief is requested; and
                    ``(B) lost employment authorized status due to the 
                unlawful acts of the employer and for whom 
                reinstatement would restore such status.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Commissioner.--The term `Commissioner' means the 
        Commissioner of Social Security.
            ``(2) Department.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
        `Department' means the Department of Homeland Security.
            ``(3) Employer.--The term `employer' means any person or 
        entity, including an agency or department of a Federal, State, 
        or local government, an agent, or a System service provider, 
        that hires, employs, recruits, or refers for a fee an 
        individual for employment in the United States that is not 
        casual, sporadic, irregular, or intermittent (as defined by the 
        Secretary).
            ``(4) Employment authorized status.--The term `employment 
        authorized status' means, with respect to an individual, that 
        the individual is authorized to be employed in the United 
        States under the immigration laws of the United States.
            ``(5) Secretary.--Except as otherwise specifically 
        provided, the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security.
            ``(6) System.--The term `System' means the Employment 
        Verification System established under subsection (d).
            ``(7) Unauthorized alien.--The term `unauthorized alien' 
        means an alien who, with respect to employment in the United 
        States at a particular time--
                    ``(A) is not lawfully admitted for permanent 
                residence; or
                    ``(B) is not authorized to be employed under this 
                Act or by the Secretary.
            ``(8) Workplace rights.--The term `workplace rights' means 
        rights guaranteed under Federal, State, or local labor or 
        employment laws, including laws concerning wages and hours, 
        benefits and employment standards, labor relations, workplace 
        health and safety, work-related injuries, nondiscrimination, 
        and retaliation for exercising rights under such laws.
    ``(c) Document Verification Requirements.--Any employer hiring an 
individual for employment in the United States shall comply with the 
following requirements and the requirements under subsection (d) to 
verify that the individual has employment authorized status:
            ``(1) Attestation after examination of documentation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Examination by employer.--An employer 
                        shall attest, under penalty of perjury on a 
                        form prescribed by the Secretary, that the 
                        employer has verified the identity and 
                        employment authorization status of the 
                        individual--
                                    ``(I) by examining--
                                            ``(aa) a document specified 
                                        in subparagraph (C); or
                                            ``(bb) a document specified 
                                        in subparagraph (D) and a 
                                        document specified in 
                                        subparagraph (E); and
                                    ``(II) by utilizing an identity 
                                authentication mechanism described in 
                                clause (iii) or (iv) of subparagraph 
                                (F).
                            ``(ii) Publication of documents.--The 
                        Secretary shall publish a picture of each 
                        document specified in subparagraphs (C) and (E) 
                        on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services' website.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--
                            ``(i) Form.--The form referred to in 
                        subparagraph (A)(i)--
                                    ``(I) shall be prescribed by the 
                                Secretary not later than 6 months after 
                                the date of the enactment of the Border 
                                Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
                                Immigration Modernization Act;
                                    ``(II) shall be available as--
                                            ``(aa) a paper form;
                                            ``(bb) a form that may be 
                                        completed by an employer via 
                                        telephone;
                                            ``(cc) an electronic form; 
                                        or
                                            ``(dd) a form that is 
                                        integrated electronically with 
                                        the requirements under 
                                        subsection (d).
                            ``(ii) Attestation.--Each such form shall 
                        require the employer to sign an attestation 
                        with a handwritten, electronic, or digital pin 
                        code signature, according to standards 
                        prescribed by the Secretary.
                            ``(iii) Compliance.--An employer has 
                        complied with the requirements under this 
                        paragraph with respect to examination of the 
                        documents included in subclauses (I) and (II) 
                        of subparagraph (A)(i) if--
                                    ``(I) the employer has, in good 
                                faith, followed applicable regulations 
                                and any written procedures or 
                                instructions provided by the Secretary; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) a reasonable person would 
                                conclude that the documentation is 
                                genuine and relates to the individual 
                                presenting such documentation.
                    ``(C) Documents establishing identity and 
                employment authorized status.--A document is specified 
                in this subparagraph if the document is unexpired 
                (unless the validity of the document is extended by 
                law) and is 1 of the following:
                            ``(i) A United States passport or passport 
                        card issued to an individual pursuant to the 
                        Secretary of State's authority under the Act 
                        entitled `An Act to regulate the issue and 
                        validity of passports, and for other purposes', 
                        approved July 3, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 211a).
                            ``(ii) A document issued to an alien 
                        evidencing that the alien is lawfully admitted 
                        for permanent residence or another document 
                        issued to an individual evidencing the 
                        individual's employment authorized status, as 
                        designated by the Secretary, if the document--
                                    ``(I) contains a photograph of the 
                                individual, or such other personal 
                                identifying information relating to the 
                                individual as the Secretary determines, 
                                by regulation, to be sufficient for the 
                                purposes of this subparagraph;
                                    ``(II) is evidence of employment 
                                authorized status; and
                                    ``(III) contains security features 
                                to make the document resistant to 
                                tampering, counterfeiting, and 
                                fraudulent use.
                            ``(iii) An enhanced driver's license or 
                        identification card issued to a national of the 
                        United States by a State or a federally 
                        recognized Indian tribe that--
                                    ``(I) meets the requirements under 
                                section 202 of the REAL ID Act of 2005 
                                (division B of Public Law 109-13; 49 
                                U.S.C. 30301 note); and
                                    ``(II) the Secretary has certified 
                                by notice published in the Federal 
                                Register and through appropriate notice 
                                directly to employers registered in the 
                                System 3 months prior to publication 
                                that such enhanced license or card is 
                                suitable for use under this 
                                subparagraph based upon the accuracy 
                                and security of the issuance process, 
                                security features on the document, and 
                                such other factors as the Secretary may 
                                prescribe.
                            ``(iv) A passport issued by the appropriate 
                        authority of a foreign country accompanied by a 
                        Form I-94 or Form I-94A (or similar successor 
                        form), or other documentation as designated by 
                        the Secretary that specifies the individual's 
                        status in the United States and the duration of 
                        such status if the proposed employment is not 
                        in conflict with any restriction or limitation 
                        specified on such form or documentation.
                            ``(v) A passport issued by the Federated 
                        States of Micronesia or the Republic of the 
                        Marshall Islands with evidence of nonimmigrant 
                        admission to the United States under the 
                        Compact of Free Association between the United 
                        States and the Federated States of Micronesia 
                        or the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
                    ``(D) Documents establishing identity of 
                individual.--A document is specified in this 
                subparagraph if the document is unexpired (unless the 
                validity of the document is extended by law) and is 1 
                of the following:
                            ``(i) A driver's license or identity card 
                        that is not described in subparagraph (C)(iii) 
                        and is issued to an individual by a State or an 
                        outlying possession of the United States, a 
                        federally recognized Indian tribe, or an agency 
                        (including military) of the Federal Government 
                        if the driver's license or identity card 
                        includes, at a minimum--
                                    ``(I) the individual's photograph, 
                                name, date of birth, gender, and 
                                driver's license or identification card 
                                number, and
                                    ``(II) security features to make 
                                the license or card resistant to 
                                tampering, counterfeiting, and 
                                fraudulent use.
                            ``(ii) A voter registration card.
                            ``(iii) A document that complies with the 
                        requirements under section 7209(b)(1) of the 
                        Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
                        Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458; 8 U.S.C. 1185 
                        note).
                            ``(iv) For individuals under 18 years of 
                        age who are unable to present a document listed 
                        in clause (i) or (ii), documentation of 
                        personal identity of such other type as the 
                        Secretary determines will provide a reliable 
                        means of identification, which may include an 
                        attestation as to the individual's identity by 
                        a person 21 years of age or older under penalty 
                        of perjury.
                    ``(E) Documents evidencing employment 
                authorization.--A document is specified in this 
                subparagraph if the document is unexpired (unless the 
                validity of the document is extended by law) and is 1 
                of the following:
                            ``(i) A social security account number card 
                        issued by the Commissioner, other than a card 
                        which specifies on its face that the card is 
                        not valid to evidence employment authorized 
                        status or has other similar words of 
                        limitation.
                            ``(ii) Any other documentation evidencing 
                        employment authorized status that the Secretary 
                        determines and publishes in the Federal 
                        Register and through appropriate notice 
                        directly to employers registered within the 
                        System to be acceptable for purposes of this 
                        subparagraph if such documentation, including 
                        any electronic security measures linked to such 
                        documentation, contains security features to 
                        make such documentation resistant to tampering, 
                        counterfeiting, and fraudulent use.
                    ``(F) Identity authentication mechanism.--
                            ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:
                                    ``(I) Covered identity document.--
                                The term `covered identity document' 
                                means a valid--
                                            ``(aa) United States 
                                        passport, passport card, or a 
                                        document evidencing lawful 
                                        permanent residence status or 
                                        employment authorized status 
                                        issued to an alien;
                                            ``(bb) enhanced driver's 
                                        license or identity card issued 
                                        by a participating State; or
                                            ``(cc) photograph and 
                                        appropriate identifying 
                                        information provided by the 
                                        Secretary of State pursuant to 
                                        the granting of a visa.
                                    ``(II) Participating state.--The 
                                term `participating State' means a 
                                State that has an agreement with the 
                                Secretary to provide the Secretary, for 
                                purposes of identity verification in 
                                the System, with photographs and 
                                appropriate identifying information 
                                maintained by the State.
                            ``(ii) Requirement for identity 
                        authentication.--In addition to verifying the 
                        documents specified in subparagraph (C), (D), 
                        or (E) and utilizing the System under 
                        subsection (d), each employer shall use an 
                        identity authentication mechanism described in 
                        clause (iii) or provided in clause (iv) after 
                        it becomes available to verify the identity of 
                        each individual the employer seeks to hire.
                            ``(iii) Photo tool.--
                                    ``(I) Use requirement.--An employer 
                                seeking to hire an individual who has a 
                                covered identity document shall verify 
                                the identity of such individual using 
                                the photo tool described in subclause 
                                (II).
                                    ``(II) Development requirement.--
                                The Secretary shall develop and 
                                maintain a photo tool that enables 
                                employers to match the photo on a 
                                covered identity document provided to 
                                the employer to a photo maintained by a 
                                U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                                Services database.
                            ``(iv) Additional security measures.--
                                    ``(I) Use requirement.--An employer 
                                seeking to hire an individual whose 
                                identity may not be verified using the 
                                photo tool described in clause (iii) 
                                shall verify the identity of such 
                                individual using the additional 
                                security measures described in 
                                subclause (II).
                                    ``(II) Development requirement.--
                                The Secretary shall develop, after 
                                publication in the Federal Register and 
                                an opportunity for public comment, 
                                specific and effective additional 
                                security measures to adequately verify 
                                the identity of an individual whose 
                                identity may not be verified using the 
                                photo tool described in clause (iii). 
                                Such additional security measures--
                                            ``(aa) shall be kept up-to-
                                        date with technological 
                                        advances; and
                                            ``(bb) shall provide a 
                                        means of identity 
                                        authentication in a manner that 
                                        provides a high level of 
                                        certainty as to the identity of 
                                        such individual, using 
                                        immigration and identifying 
                                        information that may include 
                                        review of identity documents or 
                                        background screening 
                                        verification techniques using 
                                        publicly available information.
                    ``(G) Authority to prohibit use of certain 
                documents.--If the Secretary determines, after 
                publication in the Federal Register and an opportunity 
                for public commit, that any document or class of 
                documents specified in subparagraph (B), (C), or (D) 
                does not reliably establish identity or that employment 
                authorized status is being used fraudulently to an 
                unacceptable degree, the Secretary--
                            ``(i) may prohibit or restrict the use of 
                        such document or class of documents for 
                        purposes of this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) shall directly notify all employers 
                        registered within the System of the prohibition 
                        through appropriate means.
                    ``(H) Authority to allow use of certain 
                documents.--If the Secretary has determined that 
                another document or class of documents, such as a 
                document issued by a federally recognized Indian tribe, 
                may be used to reliably establish identity or 
                employment authorized status, the Secretary--
                            ``(i) may allow the use of that document or 
                        class of documents for purposes of this 
                        subsection after publication in the Federal 
                        Register and an opportunity for public comment;
                            ``(ii) shall publish a description of any 
                        such document or class of documents on the U.S. 
                        Citizenship and Immigration Services' website; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) shall directly notify all employers 
                        registered within the System of the prohibition 
                        through appropriate means.
            ``(2) Individual attestation of employment authorization.--
        An individual, upon commencing employment with an employer, 
        shall--
                    ``(A) attest, under penalty of perjury, on the form 
                prescribed by the Secretary, that the individual is--
                            ``(i) a national of the United States;
                            ``(ii) an alien lawfully admitted for 
                        permanent residence;
                            ``(iii) an alien who has employment 
                        authorized status; or
                            ``(iv) otherwise authorized by the 
                        Secretary to be hired for such employment;
                    ``(B) provide such attestation by a handwritten, 
                electronic, or digital pin code signature; and
                    ``(C) provide the individual's social security 
                account number to the Secretary, unless the individual 
                has not yet been issued such a number, on such form as 
                the Secretary may require.
            ``(3) Retention of verification record.--
                    ``(A) In general.--After completing a form for an 
                individual in accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2), 
                the employer shall retain a version of such completed 
                form and make such form available for inspection by the 
                Secretary or the Office of Special Counsel for 
                Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices of the 
                Department of Justice during the period beginning on 
                the hiring date of the individual and ending on the 
                later of--
                            ``(i) the date that is 3 years after such 
                        hiring date; or
                            ``(ii) the date that is 1 year after the 
                        date on which the individual's employment with 
                        the employer is terminated.
                    ``(B) Requirement for electronic retention.--The 
                Secretary--
                            ``(i) shall permit an employer to retain 
                        the form described in subparagraph (A) in 
                        electronic form; and
                            ``(ii) may permit an employer to retain 
                        such form in paper, microfiche, microfilm, or 
                        other media.
            ``(4) Copying of documentation and recordkeeping.--The 
        Secretary may promulgate regulations regarding--
                    ``(A) copying documents and related information 
                pertaining to employment verification presented by an 
                individual under this subsection; and
                    ``(B) retaining such information during a period 
                not to exceed the required retention period set forth 
                in paragraph (3).
            ``(5) Penalties.--An employer that fails to comply with any 
        requirement under this subsection may be penalized under 
        subsection (e)(4)(B).
            ``(6) Protection of civil rights.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this section may be 
                construed to diminish any rights otherwise protected by 
                Federal law.
                    ``(B) Prohibition on discrimination.--An employer 
                shall use the procedures for document verification set 
                forth in this paragraph for all employees without 
                regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, 
                or, unless specifically permitted in this section, to 
                citizenship status.
            ``(7) Receipts.--The Secretary may authorize the use of 
        receipts for replacement documents, and temporary evidence of 
        employment authorization by an individual to meet a 
        documentation requirement under this subsection on a temporary 
        basis not to exceed 1 year, after which time the individual 
        shall provide documentation sufficient to satisfy the 
        documentation requirements under this subsection.
            ``(8) No authorization of national identification cards.--
        Nothing in this section may be construed to directly or 
        indirectly authorize the issuance, use, or establishment of a 
        national identification card.
    ``(d) Employment Verification System.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary, in 
                consultation with the Commissioner, shall establish the 
                Employment Verification System.
                    ``(B) Monitoring.--The Secretary shall create the 
                necessary processes to monitor--
                            ``(i) the functioning of the System, 
                        including the volume of the workflow, the speed 
                        of processing of queries, the speed and 
                        accuracy of responses;
                            ``(ii) the misuse of the System, including 
                        the prevention of fraud or identity theft;
                            ``(iii) whether the use of the System 
                        results in wrongful adverse actions or 
                        discrimination based upon a prohibited factor 
                        against nationals of the United States or 
                        individuals who have employment authorized 
                        status; and
                            ``(iv) the security, integrity, and privacy 
                        of the System.
                    ``(C) Procedures.--The Secretary--
                            ``(i) shall create processes to provide an 
                        individual with direct access to the 
                        individual's case history in the System, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) the identities of all persons 
                                or entities that have queried the 
                                individual through the System;
                                    ``(II) the date of each such query; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) the System response for 
                                each such query; and
                            ``(ii) in consultation with the 
                        Commissioner, may develop--
                                    ``(I) protocols to notify an 
                                individual, in a timely manner through 
                                the use of electronic correspondence or 
                                mail, that a query for the individual 
                                has been processed through the System; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) a process for the individual 
                                to submit additional queries to the 
                                System or notify the Secretary of 
                                potential identity fraud.
            ``(2) Participation requirements.--
                    ``(A) Federal government.--Except as provided in 
                clause (ii), all agencies and departments in the 
                executive, legislative, or judicial branches of the 
                Federal Government shall participate in the System 
                beginning on the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the date of the enactment of the 
                        Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
                        Immigration Modernization Act, to the extent 
                        required under section 402(e)(1) of the Illegal 
                        Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility 
                        Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 
                        8 U.S.C. 1324a) and as already implemented by 
                        each agency or department; or
                            ``(ii) the date that is 90 days after the 
                        date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
                        Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                        Modernization Act.
                    ``(B) Federal contractors.--Federal contractors 
                shall participate in the System as provided in the 
                final rule relating to employment eligibility 
                verification published in the Federal Register on 
                November 14, 2008 (73 Fed. Reg. 67,651), or any similar 
                subsequent regulation, for which purpose references to 
                E-Verify in the final rule shall be construed to apply 
                to the System.
                    ``(C) Critical infrastructure.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Beginning on the date 
                        that is 1 year after the date on which 
                        regulations are published implementing this 
                        subsection, the Secretary may authorize or 
                        direct any employer, person, or entity 
                        responsible for granting access to, protecting, 
                        securing, operating, administering, or 
                        regulating part of the critical infrastructure 
                        (as defined in section 1016(e) of the Critical 
                        Infrastructure Protection Act of 2001 (42 
                        U.S.C. 5195c(e))) to participate in the System 
                        to the extent the Secretary determines that 
                        such participation will assist in the 
                        protection of the critical infrastructure.
                            ``(ii) Notification to employers.--The 
                        Secretary shall notify an employer required to 
                        participate in the System under this 
                        subparagraph not later than 90 days before the 
                        date on which the employer is required to 
                        participate.
                    ``(D) Employers with more than 5,000 employees.--
                Not later than 2 years after regulations are published 
                implementing this subsection, all employers with more 
                than 5,000 employees shall participate in the System 
                with respect to all newly hired employees and employees 
                with expiring temporary employment authorization 
                documents.
                    ``(E) Employers with more than 500 employees.--Not 
                later than 3 years after regulations are published 
                implementing this subsection, all employers with more 
                than 500 employees shall participate in the System with 
                respect to all newly hired employees and employees with 
                expiring temporary employment authorization documents.
                    ``(F) Agricultural labor or services.--With respect 
                to an employee performing agricultural labor or 
                services (as defined for purposes of section 
                101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a)), this paragraph shall not apply 
                with respect to the verification of the employee until 
                the date that is 4 years after the date of the 
                enactment of the Legal Workforce Act. An employee 
                described in this clause shall not be counted for 
                purposes of subparagraph (D) or (E).
                    ``(G) All employers.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (I), not later than 4 years after 
                regulations are published implementing this subsection, 
                all employers shall participate in the System with 
                respect to all newly hired employees and employees with 
                expiring temporary employment authorization documents.
                    ``(H) Tribal government employers.--
                            ``(i) Rulemaking.--In developing 
                        regulations to implement this subsection, the 
                        Secretary shall--
                                    ``(I) consider the effects of this 
                                section on federally recognized Indian 
                                tribes and tribal members; and
                                    ``(II) consult with the governments 
                                of federally recognized Indian tribes.
                            ``(ii) Required participation.--Not later 
                        than 5 years after regulations are published 
                        implementing this subsection, all employers 
                        owned by, or entities of, the government of a 
                        federally recognized Indian tribe shall 
                        participate in the System with respect to all 
                        newly hired employees with expiring temporary 
                        employment authorization documents.
                    ``(I) Immigration law violators.--
                            ``(i) Orders finding violations.--An order 
                        finding any employer to have violated this 
                        section or section 274C may, in the Secretary's 
                        discretion, require the employer to participate 
                        in the System with respect to newly hired 
                        employees and employees with expiring temporary 
                        employment authorization documents, if such 
                        employer is not otherwise required to 
                        participate in the System under this section. 
                        The Secretary shall monitor such employer's 
                        compliance with System procedures.
                            ``(ii) Pattern or practice of violations.--
                        The Secretary may require an employer that is 
                        required to participate in the System with 
                        respect to newly hired employees to participate 
                        in the System with respect to the employer's 
                        current employees if the employer is determined 
                        by the Secretary or other appropriate authority 
                        to have engaged in a pattern or practice of 
                        violations of the immigration laws of the 
                        United States.
                    ``(J)  Voluntary participation.--The Secretary may 
                permit any employer that is not required to participate 
                in the System under this section to do so on a 
                voluntary basis.
            ``(3) Consequence of failure to participate.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the failure, other than a de minimis 
                or inadvertent failure, of an employer that is required 
                to participate in the System to comply with the 
                requirements of the System with respect to an 
                individual--
                            ``(i) shall be treated as a violation of 
                        subsection (a)(1)(B) with respect to that 
                        individual; and
                            ``(ii) creates a rebuttable presumption 
                        that the employer has violated paragraph (1)(A) 
                        or (2) of subsection (a).
                    ``(B) Exception.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subparagraph (A) shall 
                        not apply in a criminal prosecution.
                            ``(ii) Use as evidence.--Nothing in this 
                        paragraph may be construed to limit the use in 
                        the prosecution of a Federal crime, in a manner 
                        otherwise consistent with Federal criminal law 
                        and procedure, of evidence relating to the 
                        employer's failure to comply with requirements 
                        of the System.
            ``(4) Procedures for participants in the system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An employer participating in the 
                System shall register such participation with the 
                Secretary and, when hiring any individual for 
                employment in the United States, shall comply with the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Registration of employers.--The 
                        Secretary, through notice in the Federal 
                        Register, shall prescribe procedures that 
                        employers shall be required to follow to 
                        register with the System.
                            ``(ii) Updating information.--The employer 
                        is responsible for providing notice of any 
                        change to the information required under 
                        subclauses (I), (II), and (III) of clause (v) 
                        before conducting any further inquiries within 
                        the System, or on such other schedule as the 
                        Secretary may prescribe.
                            ``(iii) Training.--The Secretary shall 
                        require employers to undergo such training as 
                        the Secretary determines to be necessary to 
                        ensure proper use, protection of civil rights 
                        and civil liberties, privacy, integrity, and 
                        security of the System. To the extent 
                        practicable, such training shall be made 
                        available electronically on the U.S. 
                        Citizenship and Immigration Services' website.
                            ``(iv) Notification to employees.--The 
                        employer shall inform individuals hired for 
                        employment that the System--
                                    ``(I) will be used by the employer;
                                    ``(II) may be used for immigration 
                                enforcement purposes; and
                                    ``(III) may not be used to 
                                discriminate or to take adverse action 
                                against a national of the United States 
                                or an alien who has employment 
                                authorized status.
                            ``(v) Provision of additional 
                        information.--The employer shall obtain from 
                        the individual (and the individual shall 
                        provide) and shall record in such manner as the 
                        Secretary may specify--
                                    ``(I) the individual's social 
                                security account number;
                                    ``(II) if the individual does not 
                                attest to United States citizenship or 
                                noncitizen nationality under subsection 
                                (c)(2), such identification or 
                                authorization number established by the 
                                Department as the Secretary shall 
                                specify; and
                                    ``(III) such other information as 
                                the Secretary may require to determine 
                                the identity and employment 
                                authorization of an individual.
                            ``(vi) Presentation of documentation.--The 
                        employer, and the individual whose identity and 
                        employment authorized status are being 
                        confirmed, shall fulfill the requirements under 
                        subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Seeking confirmation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An employer shall use 
                        the System to confirm the identity and 
                        employment authorized status of any individual 
                        during--
                                    ``(I) the period beginning on the 
                                date on which the individual accepts an 
                                offer of employment and ending 3 
                                business days after the date on which 
                                employment begins; or
                                    ``(II) such other reasonable period 
                                as the Secretary may prescribe.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--An employer may not 
                        make the starting date of an individual's 
                        employment or training or any other term and 
                        condition of employment dependent on the 
                        receipt of a confirmation of identity and 
                        employment authorized status by the System.
                            ``(iii) Reverification.--If an individual 
                        has a limited period of employment authorized 
                        status, the individual's employer shall 
                        reverify such status through the System not 
                        later than 3 business days after the last day 
                        of such period.
                            ``(iv) Other employment.--For employers 
                        directed by the Secretary to participate in the 
                        System under paragraph (2)(C)(i) to protect 
                        critical infrastructure or otherwise specified 
                        circumstances in this section to verify their 
                        entire workforce, the System may be used for 
                        initial verification of an individual who was 
                        hired before the employer became subject to the 
                        System, and the employer shall initiate all 
                        required procedures on or before such date as 
                        the Secretary shall specify.
                            ``(v) Notification.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall provide, and the employer shall 
                                utilize, as part of the System, a 
                                method of notifying employers of a 
                                confirmation or nonconfirmation of an 
                                individual's identity and employment 
                                authorized status, or a notice that 
                                further action is required to verify 
                                such identity or employment eligibility 
                                (referred to in this subsection as a 
                                `further action notice').
                                    ``(II) Procedures.--The Secretary 
                                shall establish procedures--
                                            ``(aa) to directly notify 
                                        the individual and the employer 
                                        of a confirmation, 
                                        nonconfirmation, or further 
                                        action notice; and
                                            ``(bb) to provide 
                                        information about filing an 
                                        administrative appeal under 
                                        paragraph (6) and a hearing 
                                        before an administrative law 
                                        judge under paragraph (7).
                                    ``(III) Implementation.--The 
                                Secretary may provide for a phased-in 
                                implementation of the notification 
                                requirements under this clause, as 
                                appropriate. The notification system 
                                shall cover all inquiries not later 
                                than 1 year from the date of the 
                                enactment of the Border Security, 
                                Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                                Modernization Act.
                    ``(C) Confirmation or nonconfirmation.--
                            ``(i) Initial response.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Except as 
                                provided in subclause (II), the System 
                                shall provide--
                                            ``(aa) a confirmation of an 
                                        individual's identity and 
                                        employment authorized status or 
                                        a further action notice at the 
                                        time of the inquiry; and
                                            ``(bb) an appropriate code 
                                        indicating such confirmation or 
                                        such further action notice.
                                    ``(II) Alternative deadline.--If 
                                the System is unable to provide 
                                immediate confirmation or further 
                                action notice for technological reasons 
                                or due to unforeseen circumstances, the 
                                System shall provide a confirmation or 
                                further action notice not later than 3 
                                business days after the initial 
                                inquiry.
                            ``(ii) Confirmation upon initial inquiry.--
                        If the employer receives an appropriate 
                        confirmation of an individual's identity and 
                        employment authorized status under the System, 
                        the employer shall record the confirmation in 
                        such manner as the Secretary may specify.
                            ``(iii) Further action notice and later 
                        confirmation or nonconfirmation.--
                                    ``(I) Notification and 
                                acknowledgment that further action is 
                                required.--Not later than 3 business 
                                days after an employer receives a 
                                further action notice of an 
                                individual's identity or employment 
                                eligibility under the System, or during 
                                such other reasonable time as the 
                                Secretary may prescribe, the employer 
                                shall notify the individual for whom 
                                the confirmation is sought of the 
                                further action notice and any 
                                procedures specified by the Secretary 
                                for addressing such notice. The further 
                                action notice shall be given to the 
                                individual in writing and the employer 
                                shall acknowledge in the System under 
                                penalty of perjury that it provided the 
                                employee with the further action 
                                notice. The individual shall 
                                affirmatively acknowledge in writing, 
                                or in such other manner as the 
                                Secretary may specify, the receipt of 
                                the further action notice from the 
                                employer. If the individual refuses to 
                                acknowledge the receipt of the further 
                                action notice, or acknowledges in 
                                writing that the individual will not 
                                contest the further action notice under 
                                subclause (II), the employer shall 
                                notify the Secretary in such manner as 
                                the Secretary may specify.
                                    ``(II) Contest.--Not later than 10 
                                business days after receiving 
                                notification of a further action notice 
                                under subclause (I), the individual 
                                shall contact the appropriate Federal 
                                agency and, if the Secretary so 
                                requires, appear in person for purposes 
                                of verifying the individual's identity 
                                and employment eligibility. The 
                                Secretary, in consultation with the 
                                Commissioner and other appropriate 
                                Federal agencies, shall specify an 
                                available secondary verification 
                                procedure to confirm the validity of 
                                information provided and to provide a 
                                confirmation or nonconfirmation. Any 
                                procedures for reexamination shall not 
                                limit in any way an employee's right to 
                                appeal a nonconfirmation.
                                    ``(III) No contest.--If the 
                                individual refuses to acknowledge 
                                receipt of the further action notice, 
                                acknowledges that the individual will 
                                not contest the further action notice 
                                as provided in subclause (I), or does 
                                not contact the appropriate Federal 
                                agency within the period specified in 
                                subclause (II), following expiration of 
                                the period specified in subclause (II), 
                                a nonconfirmation shall be issued. The 
                                employer shall record the 
                                nonconfirmation in such manner as the 
                                Secretary may specify and terminate the 
                                individual's employment. An 
                                individual's failure to contest a 
                                further action notice shall not be 
                                considered an admission of guilt with 
                                respect to any violation of this 
                                section or any provision of law.
                                    ``(IV) Confirmation or 
                                nonconfirmation.--Unless the period is 
                                extended in accordance with this 
                                subclause, the System shall provide a 
                                confirmation or nonconfirmation not 
                                later than 10 business days after the 
                                date on which the individual contests 
                                the further action notice under 
                                subclause (II). If the Secretary 
                                determines that good cause exists, 
                                after taking into account adverse 
                                impacts to the employer, and including 
                                time to permit the individual to obtain 
                                and provide needed evidence of identity 
                                or employment eligibility, the 
                                Secretary shall extend the period for 
                                providing confirmation or 
                                nonconfirmation for stated periods 
                                beyond 10 business days. When 
                                confirmation or nonconfirmation is 
                                provided, the confirmation system shall 
                                provide an appropriate code indicating 
                                such confirmation or nonconfirmation.
                                    ``(V) Reexamination.--Nothing in 
                                this section shall prevent the 
                                Secretary from establishing procedures 
                                to reexamine a case where a 
                                confirmation or nonconfirmation has 
                                been provided if subsequently received 
                                information indicates that the 
                                confirmation or nonconfirmation may not 
                                have been correct. Any procedures for 
                                reexamination shall not limit in any 
                                way an employee's right to appeal a 
                                nonconfirmation.
                                    ``(VI) Employee protections.--An 
                                employer may not terminate employment 
                                or take any other adverse action 
                                against an individual solely because of 
                                a failure of the individual to have 
                                identity and employment eligibility 
                                confirmed under this subsection until--
                                            ``(aa) a nonconfirmation 
                                        has been issued;
                                            ``(bb) if the further 
                                        action notice was contested, 
                                        the period to timely file an 
                                        administrative appeal has 
                                        expired without an appeal; or
                                            ``(cc) if an administrative 
                                        appeal has been filed, the 
                                        nonconfirmation has been 
                                        upheld.
                            ``(iv) Notice of nonconfirmation.--Not 
                        later than 3 business days after an employer 
                        receives a nonconfirmation, or during such 
                        other reasonable time as the Secretary may 
                        provide, the employer shall notify the 
                        individual who is the subject of the 
                        nonconfirmation, and provide information about 
                        filing an administrative appeal pursuant to 
                        paragraph (6) and request for a hearing before 
                        an administrative law judge pursuant to 
                        paragraph (7). The nonconfirmation notice shall 
                        be given to the individual in writing and the 
                        employer shall acknowledge in the System under 
                        penalty of perjury that it provided the notice 
                        (or adequately attempted to provide notice, but 
                        was unable to do so despite reasonable 
                        efforts). The individual shall affirmatively 
                        acknowledge in writing, or in such other manner 
                        as the Secretary may prescribe, the receipt of 
                        the nonconfirmation notice from the employer. 
                        If the individual refuses or fails to 
                        acknowledge the receipt of the nonconfirmation 
                        notice, the employer shall notify the Secretary 
                        in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe.
                    ``(D) Consequences of nonconfirmation.--
                            ``(i) Termination of continued 
                        employment.--Except as provided in clause 
                        (iii), an employer that has received a 
                        nonconfirmation regarding an individual and has 
                        made reasonable efforts to notify the 
                        individual in accordance with subparagraph 
                        (C)(iv) shall terminate the employment of the 
                        individual upon the expiration of the time 
                        period specified in paragraph (6)(A) for filing 
                        an administrative appeal and paragraph (7)(A) 
                        for requesting a hearing before an 
                        administrative law judge.
                            ``(ii) Continued employment after 
                        nonconfirmation.--If the employer continues to 
                        employ an individual after receiving 
                        nonconfirmation and exhaustion of all appeals 
                        or expiration of all rights to appeal if not 
                        appealed, in violation of clause (i), a 
                        rebuttable presumption is created that the 
                        employer has violated paragraphs (1)(A) and (2) 
                        of subsection (a). Such presumption shall not 
                        apply in any prosecution under subsection 
                        (k)(1).
                            ``(iii) Effect of administrative appeal or 
                        review by administrative law judge.--If an 
                        individual files an administrative appeal of 
                        the nonconfirmation within the time period 
                        specified in paragraph (6)(A), or review by an 
                        administrative law judge specified in paragraph 
                        (7)(A), the employer shall not terminate the 
                        individual's employment under this subparagraph 
                        prior to the resolution of the administrative 
                        appeal unless the Secretary or Commissioner 
                        terminates the stay under paragraph (6)(B) or 
                        (7)(B).
                    ``(E) Obligation to respond to queries and 
                additional information.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Employers shall comply 
                        with requests for information from the 
                        Secretary and the Special Counsel for 
                        Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices 
                        of the Department of Justice, including queries 
                        concerning current and former employees, within 
                        the time frame during which records are 
                        required to be maintained under this section 
                        regarding such former employees, if such 
                        information relates to the functioning of the 
                        System, the accuracy of the responses provided 
                        by the System, or any suspected misuse, 
                        discrimination, fraud, or identity theft in the 
                        use of the System. Failure to comply with a 
                        request under this clause constitutes a 
                        violation of subsection (a)(1)(B).
                            ``(ii) Action by individuals.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Individuals 
                                being verified through the System may 
                                be required to take further action to 
                                address questions identified by the 
                                Secretary or the Commissioner regarding 
                                the documents relied upon for purposes 
                                of subsection (c).
                                    ``(II) Notification.--Not later 
                                than 3 business days after the receipt 
                                of such questions regarding an 
                                individual, or during such other 
                                reasonable time as the Secretary may 
                                prescribe, the employer shall--
                                            ``(aa) notify the 
                                        individual of any such 
                                        requirement for further 
                                        actions; and
                                            ``(bb) shall record the 
                                        date and manner of such 
                                        notification.
                                    ``(III) Acknowledgment.--The 
                                individual shall acknowledge the 
                                notification received from the employer 
                                under subclause (II) in writing, or in 
                                such other manner as the Secretary may 
                                prescribe.
                            ``(iii) Rulemaking.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary, 
                                in consultation with the Commissioner, 
                                is authorized to issue regulations 
                                implementing, clarifying, and 
                                supplementing the requirements under 
                                this subparagraph--
                                            ``(aa) to facilitate the 
                                        functioning, accuracy, and 
                                        fairness of the System; or
                                            ``(bb) to prevent misuse, 
                                        discrimination, fraud, or 
                                        identity theft in the use of 
                                        the System.
                                    ``(II) Notice.--The regulations 
                                issued under subclause (I)--
                                            ``(aa) shall be published 
                                        in the Federal Register; and
                                            ``(bb) provide directly to 
                                        all employers registered in the 
                                        System.
                    ``(F) Designated agents.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a process--
                            ``(i) for certifying, on an annual basis or 
                        at such times as the Secretary may prescribe, 
                        designated agents and other System service 
                        providers seeking access to the System to 
                        perform verification queries on behalf of 
                        employers, based upon training, usage, privacy, 
                        and security standards prescribed by the 
                        Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) for ensuring that designated agents 
                        and other System service providers are subject 
                        to monitoring to the same extent as direct 
                        access users.
                    ``(G) Requirement to provide information.--
                            ``(i) In general.--No later than 3 months 
                        after the date of the enactment of the Border 
                        Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                        Modernization Act, the Secretary, in 
                        consultation with the Secretary of Labor, the 
                        Secretary of Agriculture, the Commissioner, the 
                        Attorney General, the Equal Employment 
                        Opportunity Commission, and the Administrator 
                        of the Small Business Administration, shall 
                        commence a campaign to disseminate information 
                        respecting the procedures, rights, and remedies 
                        prescribed under this section.
                            ``(ii) Campaign requirements.--The campaign 
                        authorized under clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) shall be aimed at increasing 
                                the knowledge of employers, employees, 
                                and the general public concerning 
                                employer and employee rights, 
                                responsibilities, and remedies under 
                                this section; and
                                    ``(II) shall be coordinated with 
                                the public education campaign conducted 
                                by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                                Services.
                            ``(iii) Assessment.--The Secretary shall 
                        assess the success of the campaign in achieving 
                        the goals of the campaign.
                            ``(iv) Authority to contract.--In order to 
                        carry out and assess the campaign under this 
                        subparagraph, the Secretary may, to the extent 
                        deemed appropriate and subject to the 
                        availability of appropriations, contract with 
                        public and private organizations for outreach 
                        and assessment activities under the campaign.
                            ``(v) Authorization of appropriations.--
                        There are authorized to be appropriated to 
                        carry out this paragraph $40,000,000 for each 
                        of the fiscal years 2014 through 2016.
                    ``(H) Authority to modify information 
                requirements.--Based on a regular review of the System 
                and the document verification procedures to identify 
                misuse or fraudulent use and to assess the security of 
                the documents and processes used to establish identity 
                or employment authorized status, the Secretary, in 
                consultation with the Commissioner, after publication 
                of notice in the Federal Register and an opportunity 
                for public comment, may modify, if the Secretary 
                determines that the modification is necessary to ensure 
                that the System accurately and reliably determines the 
                identity and employment authorized status of employees 
                and maintain existing protections against misuse, 
                discrimination, fraud, and identity theft--
                            ``(i) the information that shall be 
                        presented to the employer by a worker 
                        individual;
                            ``(ii) the information that shall be 
                        provided to the System by the employer; and
                            ``(iii) the procedures that shall be 
                        followed by employers with respect to the 
                        process of verifying an individual through the 
                        System.
                    ``(I) Self-verification.--Subject to appropriate 
                safeguards to prevent misuse of the system, the 
                Secretary, in consultation with the Commissioner, shall 
                establish a secure self-verification procedure to 
                permit an individual who seeks to verify the 
                individual's own employment eligibility to contact the 
                appropriate agency and, in a timely manner, correct or 
                update the information contained in the System.
            ``(5) Protection from liability for actions taken on the 
        basis of information provided by the system.--An employer shall 
        not be liable to a job applicant, an employee, the Federal 
        Government, or a State or local government, under Federal, 
        State, or local criminal or civil law for any employment-
        related action taken with respect to a job applicant or 
        employee in good-faith reliance on information provided by the 
        System.
            ``(6) Administrative appeal.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An individual who is notified of 
                a nonconfirmation may, not later than 10 business days 
                after the date that such notice is received, file an 
                administrative appeal of such nonconfirmation with the 
                Commissioner if the notice is based on records 
                maintained by the Commissioner, or in any other case, 
                with the Secretary. An individual who did not timely 
                contest a further action notice timely received by that 
                individual for which the individual acknowledged 
                receipt may not be granted a review under this 
                paragraph.
                    ``(B) Administrative stay of nonconfirmation.--The 
                nonconfirmation shall be automatically stayed upon the 
                timely filing of an administrative appeal, unless the 
                nonconfirmation resulted after the individual 
                acknowledged receipt of the further action notice but 
                failed to contact the appropriate agency within the 
                time provided. The stay shall remain in effect until 
                the resolution of the appeal, unless the Secretary or 
                the Commissioner terminates the stay based on a 
                determination that the administrative appeal is 
                frivolous or filed for purposes of delay.
                    ``(C) Review for error.--The Secretary and the 
                Commissioner shall develop procedures for resolving 
                administrative appeals regarding nonconfirmations based 
                upon the information that the individual has provided, 
                including any additional evidence or argument that was 
                not previously considered. Any such additional evidence 
                or argument shall be filed within 10 business days of 
                the date the appeal was originally filed. Appeals shall 
                be resolved within 20 business days after the 
                individual has submitted all evidence and arguments the 
                individual wishes to submit, or has stated in writing 
                that there is no additional evidence that the 
                individual wishes to submit. The Secretary and the 
                Commissioner may, on a case by case basis for good 
                cause, extend the filing and submission period in order 
                to ensure accurate resolution of an appeal before the 
                Secretary or the Commissioner.
                    ``(D) Preponderance of evidence.--Administrative 
                appeal under this paragraph shall be limited to whether 
                a nonconfirmation notice is supported by a 
                preponderance of the evidence.
                    ``(E) Damages, fees, and costs.--No money damages, 
                fees or costs may be awarded in the administrative 
                appeal process under this paragraph.
            ``(7) Review by administrative law judge.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the 
                date an individual receives a final determination on an 
                administrative appeal under paragraph (6), the 
                individual may obtain review of such determination by 
                filing a complaint with an administrative law judge in 
                accordance with this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Stay of nonconfirmation.--The nonconfirmation 
                related to such final determination shall be 
                automatically stayed upon the timely filing of a 
                complaint under this paragraph, and the stay shall 
                remain in effect until the resolution of the complaint, 
                unless the administrative law judge determines that the 
                action is frivolous or filed for purposes of delay.
                    ``(C) Service.--The respondent to complaint filed 
                under this paragraph is either the Secretary or the 
                Commissioner, but not both, depending upon who issued 
                the administrative order under paragraph (6). In 
                addition to serving the respondent, the plaintiff shall 
                serve the Attorney General.
                    ``(D) Authority of administrative law judge.--
                            ``(i) Rules of practice.--The Secretary 
                        shall promulgate regulations regarding the 
                        rules of practice in appeals brought pursuant 
                        to this subsection.
                            ``(ii) Authority of administrative law 
                        judge.--The administrative law judge shall have 
                        power to--
                                    ``(I) terminate a stay of a 
                                nonconfirmation under subparagraph (B) 
                                if the administrative law judge 
                                determines that the action is frivolous 
                                or filed for purposes of delay;
                                    ``(II) adduce evidence at a 
                                hearing;
                                    ``(III) compel by subpoena the 
                                attendance of witnesses and the 
                                production of evidence at any 
                                designated place or hearing;
                                    ``(IV) resolve claims of identity 
                                theft; and
                                    ``(V) enter, upon the pleadings and 
                                any evidence adduced at a hearing, a 
                                decision affirming or reversing the 
                                result of the agency, with or without 
                                remanding the cause for a rehearing.
                            ``(iii) Subpoena.--In case of contumacy or 
                        refusal to obey a subpoena lawfully issued 
                        under this section and upon application of the 
                        administrative law judge, an appropriate 
                        district court of the United States may issue 
                        an order requiring compliance with such 
                        subpoena and any failure to obey such order may 
                        be punished by such court as a contempt of such 
                        court.
                            ``(iv) Training.--An administrative law 
                        judge hearing cases shall have special training 
                        respecting employment authorized status 
                        verification.
                    ``(E) Order by administrative law judge.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The administrative law 
                        judge shall issue and cause to be served to the 
                        parties in the proceeding an order which may be 
                        appealed as provided in subparagraph (G).
                            ``(ii) Contents of order.--Such an order 
                        shall uphold or reverse the final determination 
                        on the request for reconsideration and order 
                        lost wages and other appropriate remedies as 
                        provided in subparagraph (F).
                    ``(F) Compensation for error.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In cases in which the 
                        administrative law judge reverses the final 
                        determination of the Secretary or the 
                        Commissioner made under paragraph (6), and the 
                        administrative law judge finds that--
                                    ``(I) the nonconfirmation was due 
                                to gross negligence or intentional 
                                misconduct of the employer, the 
                                administrative law judge may order the 
                                employer to pay the individual lost 
                                wages, and reasonable costs and 
                                attorneys' fees incurred during 
                                administrative and judicial review; or
                                    ``(II) such final determination was 
                                erroneous by reason of the negligence 
                                of the Secretary or the Commissioner, 
                                the administrative law judge may order 
                                the Secretary or the Commissioner to 
                                pay the individual lost wages, and 
                                reasonable costs and attorneys' fees 
                                incurred during administrative and 
                                judicial review.
                            ``(ii) Calculation of lost wages.--Lost 
                        wages shall be calculated based on the wage 
                        rate and work schedule that prevailed prior to 
                        termination. The individual shall be 
                        compensated for wages lost beginning on the 
                        first scheduled work day after employment was 
                        terminated and ending 120 days after completion 
                        of the administrative law judge's review 
                        described in this paragraph or the day after 
                        the individual is reinstated or obtains 
                        employment elsewhere, whichever occurs first. 
                        If the individual obtains employment elsewhere 
                        at a lower wage rate, the individual shall be 
                        compensated for the difference in wages for the 
                        period ending 120 days after completion of the 
                        administrative law judge review process. No 
                        lost wages shall be awarded for any period of 
                        time during which the individual was not in 
                        employment authorized status.
                            ``(iii) Payment of compensation.--
                        Notwithstanding any other law, payment of 
                        compensation for lost wages, costs, and 
                        attorneys' fees under this paragraph, or 
                        compromise settlements of the same, shall be 
                        made as provided by section 1304 of title 31, 
                        United States Code. Appropriations made 
                        available to the Secretary or the Commissioner, 
                        accounts provided for under section 286, and 
                        funds from the Federal Old-Age and Survivors 
                        Insurance Trust Fund or the Federal Disability 
                        Insurance Trust Fund shall not be available to 
                        pay such compensation.
                    ``(G) Appeal.--No later than 45 days after the 
                entry of such final order, any person adversely 
                affected by such final order may seek review of such 
                order in the United States Court of Appeals for the 
                circuit in which the violation is alleged to have 
                occurred or in which the employer resides or transacts 
                business.
            ``(8) Management of the system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
                establish, manage, and modify the System, which shall--
                            ``(i) respond to inquiries made by 
                        participating employers at any time through the 
                        internet, or such other means as the Secretary 
                        may designate, concerning an individual's 
                        identity and whether the individual is in 
                        employment authorized status;
                            ``(ii) maintain records of the inquiries 
                        that were made, of confirmations provided (or 
                        not provided), and of the codes provided to 
                        employers as evidence of their compliance with 
                        their obligations under the System; and
                            ``(iii) provide information to, and require 
                        action by, employers and individuals using the 
                        System.
                    ``(B) Design and operation of system.--The System 
                shall be designed and operated--
                            ``(i) to maximize its reliability and ease 
                        of use by employers consistent with protecting 
                        the privacy and security of the underlying 
                        information, and ensuring full notice of such 
                        use to employees;
                            ``(ii) to maximize its ease of use by 
                        employees, including direct notification of its 
                        use, of results, and ability to challenge 
                        results;
                            ``(iii) to respond accurately to all 
                        inquiries made by employers on whether 
                        individuals are authorized to be employed and 
                        to register any times when the system is unable 
                        to receive inquiries;
                            ``(iv) to maintain appropriate 
                        administrative, technical, and physical 
                        safeguards to prevent unauthorized disclosure 
                        of personal information, misuse by employers 
                        and employees, and discrimination;
                            ``(v) to require regularly scheduled 
                        refresher training of all users of the System 
                        to ensure compliance with all procedures;
                            ``(vi) to allow for auditing of the use of 
                        the System to detect misuse, discrimination, 
                        fraud, and identity theft, and to preserve the 
                        integrity and security of the information in 
                        all of the System, including--
                                    ``(I) to develop and use tools and 
                                processes to detect or prevent fraud 
                                and identity theft, such as multiple 
                                uses of the same identifying 
                                information or documents to 
                                fraudulently gain employment;
                                    ``(II) to develop and use tools and 
                                processes to detect and prevent misuse 
                                of the system by employers and 
                                employees;
                                    ``(III) to develop tools and 
                                processes to detect anomalies in the 
                                use of the system that may indicate 
                                potential fraud or misuse of the 
                                system;
                                    ``(IV) to audit documents and 
                                information submitted by employees to 
                                employers, including authority to 
                                conduct interviews with employers and 
                                employees, and obtain information 
                                concerning employment from the 
                                employer;
                            ``(vii) to confirm identity and employment 
                        authorization through verification and 
                        comparison of records as determined necessary 
                        by the Secretary;
                            ``(viii) to confirm electronically the 
                        issuance of the employment authorization or 
                        identity document and--
                                    ``(I) if such photograph is 
                                available, to display the digital 
                                photograph that the issuer placed on 
                                the document so that the employer can 
                                compare the photograph displayed to the 
                                photograph on the document presented by 
                                the employee; or
                                    ``(II) if a photograph is not 
                                available from the issuer, to confirm 
                                the authenticity of the document using 
                                such alternative procedures as the 
                                Secretary may specify; and
                            ``(ix) to provide appropriate notification 
                        directly to employers registered with the 
                        System of all changes made by the Secretary or 
                        the Commissioner related to allowed and 
                        prohibited documents, and use of the System.
                    ``(C) Safeguards to the system.--
                            ``(i) Requirement to develop.--The 
                        Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        Commissioner and other appropriate Federal and 
                        State agencies, shall develop policies and 
                        procedures to ensure protection of the privacy 
                        and security of personally identifiable 
                        information and identifiers contained in the 
                        records accessed or maintained by the System. 
                        The Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        Commissioner and other appropriate Federal and 
                        State agencies, shall develop and deploy 
                        appropriate privacy and security training for 
                        the Federal and State employees accessing the 
                        records under the System.
                            ``(ii) Privacy audits.--The Secretary, 
                        acting through the Chief Privacy Officer of the 
                        Department, shall conduct regular privacy 
                        audits of the policies and procedures 
                        established under clause (i), including any 
                        collection, use, dissemination, and maintenance 
                        of personally identifiable information and any 
                        associated information technology systems, as 
                        well as scope of requests for this information. 
                        The Chief Privacy Officer shall review the 
                        results of the audits and recommend to the 
                        Secretary any changes necessary to improve the 
                        privacy protections of the program.
                            ``(iii) Records security program.--Any 
                        person, including a private third party vendor, 
                        who retains document verification or System 
                        data pursuant to this section shall implement 
                        an effective records security program that--
                                    ``(I) ensures that only authorized 
                                personnel have access to document 
                                verification or System data; and
                                    ``(II) ensures that whenever such 
                                data is created, completed, updated, 
                                modified, altered, or corrected in 
                                electronic format, a secure and 
                                permanent record is created that 
                                establishes the date of access, the 
                                identity of the individual who accessed 
                                the electronic record, and the 
                                particular action taken.
                            ``(iv) Records security program.--In 
                        addition to the security measures described in 
                        clause (iii), a private third party vendor who 
                        retains document verification or System data 
                        pursuant to this section shall implement an 
                        effective records security program that--
                                    ``(I) provides for backup and 
                                recovery of any records maintained in 
                                electronic format to protect against 
                                information loss, such as power 
                                interruptions; and
                                    ``(II) ensures that employees are 
                                trained to minimize the risk of 
                                unauthorized or accidental alteration 
                                or erasure of such data in electronic 
                                format.
                            ``(v) Authorized personnel defined.--In 
                        this subparagraph, the term `authorized 
                        personnel' means anyone registered as a System 
                        user, or anyone with partial or full 
                        responsibility for completion of employment 
                        authorization verification or retention of data 
                        in connection with employment authorization 
                        verification on behalf of an employer.
                    ``(D) Responsibilities of the secretary.--
                            ``(i) In general.--As part of the System, 
                        the Secretary shall maintain a reliable, secure 
                        method, which, operating through the System and 
                        within the time periods specified, compares the 
                        name, alien identification or authorization 
                        number, or other information as determined 
                        relevant by the Secretary, provided in an 
                        inquiry against such information maintained or 
                        accessed by the Secretary in order to confirm 
                        (or not confirm) the validity of the 
                        information provided, the correspondence of the 
                        name and number, whether the alien has 
                        employment authorized status (or, to the extent 
                        that the Secretary determines to be feasible 
                        and appropriate, whether the records available 
                        to the Secretary verify the identity or status 
                        of a national of the United States), and such 
                        other information as the Secretary may 
                        prescribe.
                            ``(ii) Photograph display.--As part of the 
                        System, the Secretary shall establish a 
                        reliable, secure method, which, operating 
                        through the System, displays the digital 
                        photograph described in subparagraph 
                        (B)(viii)(I).
                            ``(iii) Timing of notices.--The Secretary 
                        shall have authority to prescribe when a 
                        confirmation, nonconfirmation, or further 
                        action notice shall be issued.
                            ``(iv) Use of information.--The Secretary 
                        shall perform regular audits under the System, 
                        as described in subparagraph (B)(vi) and shall 
                        utilize the information obtained from such 
                        audits, as well as any information obtained 
                        from the Commissioner pursuant to part E of 
                        title XI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        1301 et seq.), for the purposes of this section 
                        and to administer and enforce the immigration 
                        laws.
                            ``(v) Available facilities and alternative 
                        accommodations.--The Secretary shall make 
                        appropriate arrangements and develop standards 
                        to allow employers or employees, including 
                        remote hires, who are otherwise unable to 
                        access the System to use electronic and 
                        telephonic formats (including video 
                        conferencing, scanning technology, and other 
                        available technologies), Federal Government 
                        facilities, public facilities, or other 
                        available locations in order to utilize the 
                        System.
                            ``(vi) Identity fraud protection.--To 
                        prevent identity fraud, not later than 18 
                        months after the date of the enactment of the 
                        Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
                        Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary 
                        shall--
                                    ``(I) in consultation with the 
                                Commissioner, establish a program to 
                                provide a reliable, secure method for 
                                an individual to temporarily suspend or 
                                limit the use of the individual's 
                                social security account number or other 
                                identifying information for 
                                verification by the System; and
                                    ``(II) for each individual being 
                                verified through the System--
                                            ``(aa) notify the 
                                        individual that the individual 
                                        has the option to limit the use 
                                        of the individual's social 
                                        security account number or 
                                        other identifying information 
                                        for verification by the System; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) provide instructions 
                                        to the individuals for 
                                        exercising the option referred 
                                        to in item (aa).
                            ``(vii) Protection from multiple use.--The 
                        Secretary and the Commissioner shall establish 
                        a procedure for identifying and handling a 
                        situation in which a social security account 
                        number has been identified to be subject to 
                        unusual multiple use in the System or is 
                        otherwise suspected or determined to have been 
                        compromised by identity fraud.
                            ``(viii) Monitoring and compliance unit.--
                        The Secretary shall establish or designate a 
                        monitoring and compliance unit to detect and 
                        reduce identity fraud and other misuse of the 
                        System.
                            ``(ix) Civil rights and civil liberties 
                        assessments.--
                                    ``(I) Requirement to conduct.--The 
                                Secretary shall conduct regular civil 
                                rights and civil liberties assessments 
                                of the System, including participation 
                                by employers, other private entities, 
                                and Federal, State, and local 
                                government entities.
                                    ``(II) Requirement to respond.--
                                Employers, other private entities, and 
                                Federal, State, and local entities 
                                shall timely respond to any request in 
                                connection with such an assessment.
                                    ``(III) Assessment and 
                                recommendations.--The Officer for Civil 
                                Rights and Civil Liberties of the 
                                Department shall review the results of 
                                each such assessment and recommend to 
                                the Secretary any changes necessary to 
                                improve the civil rights and civil 
                                liberties protections of the System.
                    ``(E) Grants to states.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        create and administer a grant program to help 
                        provide funding for States that grant--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary access to 
                                driver's license information as needed 
                                to confirm that a driver's license 
                                presented under subsection (c)(1)(C)(i) 
                                confirms the identity of the subject of 
                                the System check, and that a driver's 
                                license matches the State's records; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) such assistance as the 
                                Secretary may request in order to 
                                resolve further action notices or 
                                nonconfirmations relating to such 
                                information.
                            ``(ii) Construction with the driver's 
                        privacy protection act of 1994.--The provision 
                        of a photograph to the Secretary as described 
                        in clause (i) may not be construed as a 
                        violation of section 2721 of title 18, United 
                        States Code, and is a permissible use under 
                        subsection (b)(1) of that section.
                            ``(iii) Authorization of appropriations.--
                        There is authorized to be appropriated to the 
                        Secretary $250,000,000 to carry out this 
                        subparagraph.
                    ``(F) Responsibilities of the secretary of state.--
                As part of the System, the Secretary of State shall 
                provide to the Secretary access to passport and visa 
                information as needed to confirm that a passport, 
                passport card, or visa presented under subsection 
                (c)(1)(B) confirms the identity of the subject of the 
                System check, and that a passport, passport card, or 
                visa photograph matches the Secretary of State's 
                records, and shall provide such assistance as the 
                Secretary may request in order to resolve further 
                action notices or nonconfirmations relating to such 
                information.
                    ``(G) Updating information.--The Commissioner, the 
                Secretary, and the Secretary of State shall update 
                their information in a manner that promotes maximum 
                accuracy and shall provide a process for the prompt 
                correction of erroneous information.
            ``(9) Limitation on use of the system.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, nothing in this subsection may be 
        construed to permit or allow any department, bureau, or other 
        agency of the United States Government or any other entity to 
        utilize any information, database, or other records assembled 
        under this subsection for any purpose other than for employment 
        verification or to ensure secure, appropriate and 
        nondiscriminatory use of the System.
            ``(10) Annual report and certification.--Not later than 18 
        months after the promulgation of regulations to implement this 
        subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit 
        to Congress a report that includes the following:
                    ``(A) An assessment of the accuracy rates of 
                further action notices and other System notices 
                provided by employers to individuals who are authorized 
                to be employed in the United States.
                    ``(B) An assessment of the accuracy rates of 
                further action notices and other System notices 
                provided directly (by the System) in a timely fashion 
                to individuals who are not authorized to be employed in 
                the United States.
                    ``(C) An assessment of any challenges faced by 
                small employers in utilizing the System.
                    ``(D) An assessment of the rate of employer 
                noncompliance (in addition to failure to provide 
                required notices in a timely fashion) in each of the 
                following categories:
                            ``(i) Taking adverse action based on a 
                        further action notice.
                            ``(ii) Use of the System for nonemployees 
                        or other individuals before they are offered 
                        employment.
                            ``(iii) Use of the System to reverify 
                        employment authorized status of current 
                        employees except if authorized to do so.
                            ``(iv) Use of the System selectively, 
                        except in cases in which such use is 
                        authorized.
                            ``(v) Use of the System to deny employment 
                        or post-employment benefits or otherwise 
                        interfere with labor rights.
                            ``(vi) Requiring employees or applicants to 
                        use any self-verification feature or to provide 
                        self-verification results.
                            ``(vii) Discouraging individuals who 
                        receive a further action notice from 
                        challenging the further action notice or 
                        appealing a determination made by the System.
                    ``(E) An assessment of the rate of employee 
                noncompliance in each of the following categories:
                            ``(i) Obtaining employment when 
                        unauthorized with an employer complying with 
                        the System in good faith.
                            ``(ii) Failure to provide required 
                        documents in a timely manner.
                            ``(iii) Attempting to use fraudulent 
                        documents or documents not related to the 
                        individual.
                            ``(iv) Misuse of the administrative appeal 
                        and judicial review process.
                    ``(F) An assessment of the amount of time taken 
                for--
                            ``(i) the System to provide the 
                        confirmation or further action notice;
                            ``(ii) individuals to contest further 
                        action notices;
                            ``(iii) the System to provide a 
                        confirmation or nonconfirmation of a contested 
                        further action notice;
                            ``(iv) individuals to file an 
                        administrative appeal of a nonconfirmation; and
                            ``(v) resolving administrative appeals 
                        regarding nonconfirmations.
            ``(11) Annual gao study and report.--
                    ``(A) Requirement.--The Comptroller General shall, 
                for each year, undertake a study to evaluate the 
                accuracy, efficiency, integrity, and impact of the 
                System.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
                promulgation of regulations to implement this 
                subsection, and yearly thereafter, the Comptroller 
                General shall submit to Congress a report containing 
                the findings of the study carried out under this 
                paragraph. Each such report shall include, at a 
                minimum, the following:
                            ``(i) An assessment of System performance 
                        with respect to the rate at which individuals 
                        who are eligible for employment in the United 
                        States are correctly approved within the 
                        required periods, including a separate 
                        assessment of such rate for nationals and 
                        aliens.
                            ``(ii) An assessment of the privacy and 
                        confidentiality of the System and of the 
                        overall security of the System with respect to 
                        cybertheft and theft or misuse of private data.
                            ``(iii) An assessment of whether the System 
                        is being implemented in a manner that is not 
                        discriminatory or used for retaliation against 
                        employees.
                            ``(iv) An assessment of the most common 
                        causes for the erroneous issuance of 
                        nonconfirmations by the System and 
                        recommendations to correct such causes.
                            ``(v) The recommendations of the 
                        Comptroller General regarding System 
                        improvements.
                            ``(vi) An assessment of the frequency and 
                        magnitude of changes made to the System and the 
                        impact on the ability for employers to comply 
                        in good faith.
                            ``(vii) An assessment of the direct and 
                        indirect costs incurred by employers in 
                        complying with the System, including costs 
                        associated with retaining potential employees 
                        through the administrative appeals process and 
                        receiving a nonconfirmation.
                            ``(viii) An assessment of any backlogs or 
                        delays in the System providing the confirmation 
                        or further action notice and impacts to hiring 
                        by employers.
    ``(e) Compliance.--
            ``(1) Complaints and investigations.--The Secretary shall 
        establish procedures--
                    ``(A) for individuals and entities to file 
                complaints respecting potential violations of 
                subsections (a) or (f)(1);
                    ``(B) for the investigation of those complaints 
                which the Secretary deems appropriate to investigate; 
                and
                    ``(C) for providing notification to the Special 
                Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment 
                Practices of the Department of Justice of potential 
                violations of section 274B.
            ``(2) Authority in investigations.--In conducting 
        investigations and proceedings under this subsection--
                    ``(A) immigration officers shall have reasonable 
                access to examine evidence of the employer being 
                investigated;
                    ``(B) immigration officers designated by the 
                Secretary, and administrative law judges and other 
                persons authorized to conduct proceedings under this 
                section, may compel by subpoena the attendance of 
                relevant witnesses and the production of relevant 
                evidence at any designated place in an investigation or 
                case under this subsection. In case of refusal to fully 
                comply with a subpoena lawfully issued under this 
                paragraph, the Secretary may request that the Attorney 
                General apply in an appropriate district court of the 
                United States for an order requiring compliance with 
                the subpoena, and any failure to obey such order may be 
                punished by the court as contempt. Failure to cooperate 
                with the subpoena shall be subject to further 
                penalties, including but not limited to further fines 
                and the voiding of any mitigation of penalties or 
                termination of proceedings under paragraph (4)(D); and
                    ``(C) the Secretary, in cooperation with the 
                Commissioner and Attorney General, and in consultation 
                with other relevant agencies, shall establish a Joint 
                Employment Fraud Task Force consisting of, at a 
                minimum--
                            ``(i) the System's compliance personnel;
                            ``(ii) immigration law enforcement 
                        officers;
                            ``(iii) personnel of the Office of Special 
                        Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair 
                        Employment Practices of the Department of 
                        Justice;
                            ``(iv) personnel of the Office for Civil 
                        Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department; 
                        and
                            ``(v) personnel of Office of Inspector 
                        General of the Social Security Administration.
            ``(3) Compliance procedures.--
                    ``(A) Pre-penalty notice.--If the Secretary has 
                reasonable cause to believe that there has been a civil 
                violation of this section, the Secretary shall issue to 
                the employer concerned a written notice of the 
                Department's intention to issue a claim for a monetary 
                or other penalty. Such pre-penalty notice shall:
                            ``(i) describe the violation;
                            ``(ii) specify the laws and regulations 
                        allegedly violated;
                            ``(iii) disclose the material facts which 
                        establish the alleged violation;
                            ``(iv) describe the penalty sought to be 
                        imposed; and
                            ``(v) inform such employer that such 
                        employer shall have a reasonable opportunity to 
                        make representations as to why a monetary or 
                        other penalty should not be imposed.
                    ``(B) Employer's response.--Whenever any employer 
                receives written pre-penalty notice of a fine or other 
                penalty in accordance with subparagraph (A), the 
                employer may, within 60 days from receipt of such 
                notice, file with the Secretary its written response to 
                the notice. The response may include any relevant 
                evidence or proffer of evidence that the employer 
                wishes to present with respect to whether the employer 
                violated this section and whether, if so, the penalty 
                should be mitigated, and shall be filed and considered 
                in accordance with procedures to be established by the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(C) Right to a hearing.--Before issuance of an 
                order imposing a penalty on any employer, person, or 
                entity, the employer, person, or entity shall be 
                entitled to a hearing before an administrative law 
                judge, if requested within 60 days of the notice of 
                penalty. The hearing shall be held at the nearest 
                location practicable to the place where the employer, 
                person, or entity resides or of the place where the 
                alleged violation occurred.
                    ``(D) Issuance of orders.--If no hearing is so 
                requested, the Secretary's imposition of the order 
                shall constitute a final and unappealable order. If a 
                hearing is requested and the administrative law judge 
                determines, upon clear and convincing evidence 
                received, that there was a violation, the 
                administrative law judge shall issue the final 
                determination with a written penalty claim. The penalty 
                claim shall specify all charges in the information 
                provided under clauses (i) through (iii) of 
                subparagraph (A) and any mitigation of the penalty that 
                the administrative law judge deems appropriate under 
                paragraph (4)(D).
            ``(4) Civil penalties.--
                    ``(A) Hiring or continuing to employ unauthorized 
                aliens.--Any employer that violates any provision of 
                subsection (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) shall--
                            ``(i) pay a civil penalty of not less than 
                        $3,500 and not more than $7,500 for each 
                        unauthorized alien with respect to which each 
                        violation of either subsection (a)(1)(A) or 
                        (a)(2) occurred;
                            ``(ii) if the employer has previously been 
                        fined as a result of a previous enforcement 
                        action or previous violation under this 
                        paragraph, pay a civil penalty of not less than 
                        $5,000 and not more than $15,000 for each 
                        unauthorized alien with respect to which a 
                        violation of either subsection (a)(1)(A) or 
                        (a)(2) occurred; and
                            ``(iii) if the employer has previously been 
                        fined more than once under this paragraph, pay 
                        a civil penalty of not less than $10,000 and 
                        not more than $25,000 for each unauthorized 
                        alien with respect to which a violation of 
                        either subsection (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) occurred.
                    ``(B) Enhanced penalties.--After the Secretary 
                certifies to Congress that the System has been 
                established, implemented, and made mandatory for use by 
                all employers in the United States, the Secretary may 
                establish an enhanced civil penalty for an employer 
                who--
                            ``(i) fails to query the System to verify 
                        the identify and work authorized status of an 
                        individual; and
                            ``(ii) violates a Federal, State, or local 
                        law related to--
                                    ``(I) the payment of wages;
                                    ``(II) hours worked by employees; 
                                or
                                    ``(III) workplace health and 
                                safety.
                    ``(C) Recordkeeping or verification practices.--Any 
                employer that violates or fails to comply with any 
                requirement under subsection (a)(1)(B), other than a 
                minor or inadvertent failure, as determined by the 
                Secretary, shall pay a civil penalty of--
                            ``(i) not less than $500 and not more than 
                        $2,000 for each violation;
                            ``(ii) if an employer has previously been 
                        fined under this paragraph, not less than 
                        $1,000 and not more than $4,000 for each 
                        violation; and
                            ``(iii) if an employer has previously been 
                        fined more than once under this paragraph, not 
                        less than $2,000 and not more than $8,000 for 
                        each violation.
                    ``(D) Other penalties.--The Secretary may impose 
                additional penalties for violations, including cease 
                and desist orders, specially designed compliance plans 
                to prevent further violations, suspended fines to take 
                effect in the event of a further violation, and in 
                appropriate cases, the remedy provided by paragraph 
                (f)(2).
                    ``(E) Mitigation.--The Secretary or, if an employer 
                requests a hearing, the administrative law judge, is 
                authorized, upon such terms and conditions as the 
                Secretary or administrative law judge deems reasonable 
                and just and in accordance with such procedures as the 
                Secretary may establish or any procedures established 
                governing the administrative law judge's assessment of 
                penalties, to reduce or mitigate penalties imposed upon 
                employers, based upon factors including, the employer's 
                hiring volume, compliance history, good-faith 
                implementation of a compliance program, the size and 
                level of sophistication of the employer, and voluntary 
                disclosure of violations of this subsection to the 
                Secretary. The Secretary or administrative law judge 
                shall not mitigate a penalty below the minimum penalty 
                provided by this section, except that the Secretary 
                may, in the case of an employer subject to penalty for 
                recordkeeping or verification violations only who has 
                not previously been penalized under this section, in 
                the Secretary's or administrative law judge's 
                discretion, mitigate the penalty below the statutory 
                minimum or remit it entirely. In any case where a civil 
                money penalty has been imposed on an employer under 
                section 274B for an action or omission that is also a 
                violation of this section, the Secretary or 
                administrative law judge shall mitigate any civil money 
                penalty under this section by the amount of the penalty 
                imposed under section 274B.
                    ``(F) Effective date.--The civil money penalty 
                amounts and the enhanced penalties provided by 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of this paragraph and 
                by subsection (f)(2) shall apply to violations of this 
                section committed on or after the date that is 1 year 
                after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
                Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
                Act. For violations committed prior to such date of 
                enactment, the civil money penalty amounts provided by 
                regulations implementing this section as in effect the 
                day before such date of enactment with respect to 
                knowing hiring or continuing employment, verification, 
                or indemnity bond violations, as appropriate, shall 
                apply.
            ``(5) Order of internal review and certification of 
        compliance.--
                    ``(A) Employer compliance.--If the Secretary has 
                reasonable cause to believe that an employer has failed 
                to comply with this section, the Secretary is 
                authorized, at any time, to require that the employer 
                certify that it is in compliance with this section, or 
                has instituted a program to come into compliance.
                    ``(B) Employer certification.--
                            ``(i) Requirement.--Except as provided in 
                        subparagraph (C), not later than 60 days after 
                        receiving a notice from the Secretary requiring 
                        a certification under subparagraph (A), an 
                        official with responsibility for, and authority 
                        to bind the company on, all hiring and 
                        immigration compliance notices shall certify 
                        under penalty of perjury that the employer is 
                        in conformance with the requirements of 
                        paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (c), 
                        pertaining to document verification 
                        requirements, and with subsection (d), 
                        pertaining to the System (once the System is 
                        implemented with respect to that employer 
                        according to the requirements of subsection 
                        (d)(1)), and with any additional requirements 
                        that the Secretary may promulgate by regulation 
                        pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) or that the 
                        employer has instituted a program to come into 
                        compliance with these requirements.
                            ``(ii) Application.--Clause (i) shall not 
                        apply until the date that the Secretary 
                        certifies to Congress that the System has been 
                        established, implemented, and made mandatory 
                        for use by all employers in the United States.
                    ``(C) Extension of deadline.--At the request of the 
                employer, the Secretary may extend the 60-day deadline 
                for good cause.
                    ``(D) Standards or methods.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to publish in the Federal Register standards 
                or methods for such certification, require specific 
                recordkeeping practices with respect to such 
                certifications, and audit the records thereof at any 
                time. This authority shall not be construed to diminish 
                or qualify any other penalty provided by this section.
            ``(6) Requirements for review of a final determination.--
        With respect to judicial review of a final determination or 
        penalty claim issued under paragraph (3)(C), the following 
        requirements apply:
                    ``(A) Deadline.--The petition for review must be 
                filed no later than 30 days after the date of the final 
                determination or penalty claim issued under paragraph 
                (3)(C).
                    ``(B) Venue and forms.--The petition for review 
                shall be filed with the court of appeals for the 
                judicial circuit where the employer's principal place 
                of business was located when the final determination or 
                penalty claim was made. The record and briefs do not 
                have to be printed. The court shall review the 
                proceeding on a typewritten or electronically filed 
                record and briefs.
                    ``(C) Service.--The respondent is the Secretary. In 
                addition to serving the respondent, the petitioner 
                shall serve the Attorney General.
                    ``(D) Petitioner's brief.--The petitioner shall 
                serve and file a brief in connection with a petition 
                for judicial review not later than 40 days after the 
                date on which the administrative record is available, 
                and may serve and file a reply brief not later than 14 
                days after service of the brief of the respondent, and 
                the court may not extend these deadlines, except for 
                good cause shown. If a petitioner fails to file a brief 
                within the time provided in this paragraph, the court 
                shall dismiss the appeal unless a manifest injustice 
                would result.
                    ``(E) Scope and standard for review.--The court of 
                appeals shall conduct a de novo review of the 
                administrative record on which the final determination 
                was based and any additional evidence that the Court 
                finds was previously unavailable at the time of the 
                administrative hearing.
                    ``(F) Exhaustion of administrative remedies.--A 
                court may review a final determination under paragraph 
                (3)(C) only if--
                            ``(i) the petitioner has exhausted all 
                        administrative remedies available to the 
                        petitioner as of right, including any 
                        administrative remedies established by 
                        regulation, and
                            ``(ii) another court has not decided the 
                        validity of the order, unless the reviewing 
                        court finds that the petition presents grounds 
                        that could not have been presented in the prior 
                        judicial proceeding or that the remedy provided 
                        by the prior proceeding was inadequate or 
                        ineffective to test the validity of the order.
                    ``(G) Enforcement of orders.--If the final 
                determination issued against the employer under this 
                subsection is not subjected to review as provided in 
                this paragraph, the Attorney General, upon request by 
                the Secretary, may bring a civil action to enforce 
                compliance with the final determination in any 
                appropriate district court of the United States. The 
                court, on a proper showing, shall issue a temporary 
                restraining order or a preliminary or permanent 
                injunction requiring that the employer comply with the 
                final determination issued against that employer under 
                this subsection. In any such civil action, the validity 
                and appropriateness of the final determination shall 
                not be subject to review
            ``(7) Creation of lien.--If any employer liable for a fee 
        or penalty under this section neglects or refuses to pay such 
        liability after demand and fails to file a petition for review 
        (if applicable) as provided in paragraph (6), the amount of the 
        fee or penalty shall be a lien in favor of the United States on 
        all property and rights to property, whether real or personal, 
        belonging to such employer. If a petition for review is filed 
        as provided in paragraph (6), the lien shall arise upon the 
        entry of a final judgment by the court. The lien continues for 
        20 years or until the liability is satisfied, remitted, set 
        aside, or terminated.
            ``(8) Filing notice of lien.--
                    ``(A) Place for filing.--The notice referred to in 
                paragraph (7) shall be filed as described in 1 of the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Under state laws.--
                                    ``(I) Real property.--In the case 
                                of real property, in 1 office within 
                                the State (or the county, or other 
                                governmental subdivision), as 
                                designated by the laws of such State, 
                                in which the property subject to the 
                                lien is situated.
                                    ``(II) Personal property.--In the 
                                case of personal property, whether 
                                tangible or intangible, in 1 office 
                                within the State (or the county, or 
                                other governmental subdivision), as 
                                designated by the laws of such State, 
                                in which the property subject to the 
                                lien is situated, except that State law 
                                merely conforming to or reenacting 
                                Federal law establishing a national 
                                filing system does not constitute a 
                                second office for filing as designated 
                                by the laws of such State.
                            ``(ii) With clerk of district court.--In 
                        the office of the clerk of the United States 
                        district court for the judicial district in 
                        which the property subject to the lien is 
                        situated, whenever the State has not by law 
                        designated 1 office which meets the 
                        requirements of clause (i).
                            ``(iii) With recorder of deeds of the 
                        district of columbia.--In the office of the 
                        Recorder of Deeds of the District of Columbia, 
                        if the property subject to the lien is situated 
                        in the District of Columbia.
                    ``(B) Situs of property subject to lien.--For 
                purposes of subparagraph (A), property shall be deemed 
                to be situated as follows:
                            ``(i) Real property.--In the case of real 
                        property, at its physical location.
                            ``(ii) Personal property.--In the case of 
                        personal property, whether tangible or 
                        intangible, at the residence of the taxpayer at 
                        the time the notice of lien is filed.
                    ``(C) Determination or residence.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A)(ii), the residence of a corporation or 
                partnership shall be deemed to be the place at which 
                the principal executive office of the business is 
                located, and the residence of a taxpayer whose 
                residence is outside the United States shall be deemed 
                to be in the District of Columbia.
                    ``(D) Effect of filing notice of lien.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Upon filing of a notice 
                        of lien in the manner described in this 
                        paragraph, the lien shall be valid against any 
                        purchaser, holder of a security interest, 
                        mechanic's lien, or judgment lien creditor, 
                        except with respect to properties or 
                        transactions specified in subsection (b), (c), 
                        or (d) of section 6323 of the Internal Revenue 
                        Code of 1986 for which a notice of tax lien 
                        properly filed on the same date would not be 
                        valid.
                            ``(ii) Notice of lien.--The notice of lien 
                        shall be considered a notice of lien for taxes 
                        payable to the United States for the purpose of 
                        any State or local law providing for the filing 
                        of a notice of a tax lien. A notice of lien 
                        that is registered, recorded, docketed, or 
                        indexed in accordance with the rules and 
                        requirements relating to judgments of the 
                        courts of the State where the notice of lien is 
                        registered, recorded, docketed, or indexed 
                        shall be considered for all purposes as the 
                        filing prescribed by this section.
                            ``(iii) Other provisions.--The provisions 
                        of section 3201(e) of title 28, United States 
                        Code, shall apply to liens filed as prescribed 
                        by this paragraph.
                    ``(E) Enforcement of a lien.--A lien obtained 
                through this paragraph shall be considered a debt as 
                defined by section 3002 of title 28, United States Code 
                and enforceable pursuant to chapter 176 of such title.
            ``(9) Attorney general adjudication.--The Attorney General 
        shall have jurisdiction to adjudicate administrative 
        proceedings under this subsection. Such proceedings shall be 
        conducted in accordance with requirements of section 554 of 
        title 5, United States Code.
    ``(f) Criminal and Civil Penalties and Injunctions.--
            ``(1) Prohibition of indemnity bonds.--It is unlawful for 
        an employer, in the hiring of any individual, to require the 
        individual to post a bond or security, to pay or agree to pay 
        an amount, or otherwise to provide a financial guarantee or 
        indemnity, against any potential liability arising under this 
        section relating to such hiring of the individual.
            ``(2) Civil penalty.--Any employer who is determined, after 
        notice and opportunity for mitigation of the monetary penalty 
        under subsection (e), to have violated paragraph (1) shall be 
        subject to a civil penalty of $10,000 for each violation and to 
        an administrative order requiring the return of any amounts 
        received in violation of such paragraph to the employee or, if 
        the employee cannot be located, to the general fund of the 
        Treasury.
    ``(g) Government Contracts.--
            ``(1) Contractors and recipients.--Whenever an employer who 
        is a Federal contractor (meaning an employer who holds a 
        Federal contract, grant, or cooperative agreement, or 
        reasonably may be expected to submit an offer for or be awarded 
        a government contract) is determined by the Secretary to have 
        violated of this section more than 3 occasions or is convicted 
        of a crime under this section, the employer shall be considered 
        for debarment from the receipt of Federal contracts, grants, or 
        cooperative agreements in accordance with the procedures and 
        standards and for the periods prescribed by the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation. However, any administrative 
        determination of liability for civil penalty by the Secretary 
        or the Attorney General shall not be reviewable in any 
        debarment proceeding.
            ``(2) Inadvertent violations.--Inadvertent violations of 
        recordkeeping or verification requirements, in the absence of 
        any other violations of this section, shall not be a basis for 
        determining that an employer is a repeat violator for purposes 
        of this subsection.
            ``(3) Other remedies available.--Nothing in this subsection 
        shall be construed to modify or limit any remedy available to 
        any agency or official of the Federal Government for violation 
        of any contractual requirement to participate in the System, as 
        provided in the final rule relating to employment eligibility 
        verification published in the Federal Register on November 14, 
        2008 (73 Fed. Reg. 67,651), or any similar subsequent 
        regulation.
    ``(h) Preemption.--The provisions of this section preempt any State 
or local law, ordinance, policy, or rule, including any criminal or 
civil fine or penalty structure, relating to the hiring, continued 
employment, or status verification for employment eligibility purposes, 
of unauthorized aliens. A State, locality, municipality, or political 
subdivision may exercise its authority over business licensing and 
similar laws as a penalty for failure to use the System.
    ``(i) Deposit of Amounts Received.--Except as otherwise specified, 
civil penalties collected under this section shall be deposited by the 
Secretary into the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund 
established under section 6 of the Border Security, Economic 
Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
    ``(j) Challenges to Validity of the System.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any right, benefit, or claim not 
        otherwise waived or limited pursuant to this section is 
        available in an action instituted in the United States District 
        Court for the District of Columbia, but shall be limited to 
        determinations of--
                    ``(A) whether this section, or any regulation 
                issued to implement this section, violates the 
                Constitution of the United States; or
                    ``(B) whether such a regulation issued by or under 
                the authority of the Secretary to implement this 
                section, is contrary to applicable provisions of this 
                section or was issued in violation of title 5, chapter 
                5, United States Code.
            ``(2) Deadlines for bringing actions.--Any action 
        instituted under this subsection must be filed no later than 
        180 days after the date the challenged section or regulation 
        described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) becomes 
        effective. No court shall have jurisdiction to review any 
        challenge described in subparagraph (B) after the time period 
        specified in this subsection expires.
    ``(k) Criminal Penalties and Injunctions for Pattern or Practice 
Violations.--
            ``(1) Pattern and practice.--Any employer who engages in a 
        pattern or practice of knowing violations of subsection 
        (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) shall be fined under title 18, United 
        States Code, no more than $10,000 for each unauthorized alien 
        with respect to whom such violation occurs, imprisoned for not 
        more than 2 years for the entire pattern or practice, or both.
            ``(2) Term of imprisonment.--The maximum term of 
        imprisonment of a person convicted of any criminal offense 
        under the United States Code shall be increased by 5 years if 
        the offense is committed as part of a pattern or practice of 
        violations of subsection (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2).
            ``(3) Enjoining of pattern or practice violations.--
        Whenever the Secretary or the Attorney General has reasonable 
        cause to believe that an employer is engaged in a pattern or 
        practice of employment in violation of subsection (a)(1)(A) or 
        (a)(2), the Attorney General may bring a civil action in the 
        appropriate district court of the United States requesting such 
        relief, including a permanent or temporary injunction, 
        restraining order, or other order against the employer, as the 
        Secretary or Attorney General deems necessary.
    ``(l) Criminal Penalties for Unlawful and Abusive Employment.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any person who, during any 12-month 
        period, knowingly employs or hires, employs, recruits, or 
        refers for employment 10 or more individuals within the United 
        States who are under the control and supervision of such 
        person--
                    ``(A) knowing that the individuals are unauthorized 
                aliens; and
                    ``(B) under conditions that violate section 5(a) of 
                the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 
                U.S.C. 654(a) (relating to occupational safety and 
                health), section 6 or 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
                of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206 and 207) (relating to minimum 
                wages and maximum hours of employment), section 3142 of 
                title 40, United States Code, (relating to required 
                wages on construction contracts), or sections 6703 or 
                6704 of title 41, United States Code, (relating to 
                required wages on service contracts)
        shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or 
        imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.
            ``(2) Attempt and conspiracy.--Any person who attempts or 
        conspires to commit any offense under this section shall be 
        punished in the same manner as a person who completes the 
        offense.''.
    (b) Report on Use of the System in the Agricultural Industry.--Not 
later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that assesses 
implementation of the Employment Verification System established under 
section 274A(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
subsection (a), in the agricultural industry, including the use of such 
System technology in agriculture industry hiring processes, user, 
contractor, and third-party employer agent employment practices, timing 
and logistics regarding employment verification and reverification 
processes to meet agriculture industry practices, and identification of 
potential challenges and modifications to meet the unique needs of the 
agriculture industry. Such report shall review--
            (1) the modality of access, training and outreach, customer 
        support, processes for further action notices and secondary 
        verifications for short-term workers, monitoring, and 
        compliance procedures for such System;
            (2) the interaction of such System with the process to 
        admit nonimmigrant workers pursuant to section 218 or 218A of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1188 et seq.) and 
        with enforcement of the immigration laws; and
            (3) the collaborative use of processes of other Federal and 
        State agencies that intersect with the agriculture industry.
    (c) Report on Impact of the System on Employers.--Not later than 18 
months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
submit to Congress a report that assesses--
            (1) the implementation of the Employment Verification 
        System established under section 274A(d) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act, as amended by subsection (a), by employers;
            (2) any adverse impact on the revenues, business processes, 
        or profitability of employers required to use such System; and
            (3) the economic impact of such System on small businesses.
    (d) Government Accountability Office Study of the Effects of 
Document Requirements on Employment Authorized Persons and Employers.--
            (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall carry out a study of the effects of the documentary 
        requirements of section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act, as amended by subsection (a), on employers, nationals of 
        the United States and individuals with employment authorized 
        status, and challenges such employers, nationals or individuals 
        may face in obtaining the documentation required by that 
        section.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the enactment of 
        this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a 
        report containing the findings of the study carried out under 
        paragraph (1). Such report shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of available information 
                regarding the number of working age nationals of the 
                United States and individuals who have employment 
                authorized status who lack documents required for 
                employment by such section 274A.
                    (B) A description of the additional steps required 
                for individuals who have employment authorized status 
                and do not possess the documents required by such 
                section 274A to obtain such documents.
                    (C) A general assessment of the average financial 
                costs for individuals who have employment authorized 
                status who do not possess the documents required by 
                such section 274A to obtain such documents.
                    (D) A general assessment of the average financial 
                costs and challenged for employers who have been 
                required to participate in the Employment Verification 
                System established by subsection (d) of such section 
                274A.
                    (E) A description of the barriers to individuals 
                who have employment authorized status in obtaining the 
                documents required by such section 274A, including 
                barriers imposed by the executive branch of the 
                Government.
                    (F) Any particular challenges facing individuals 
                who have employment authorized status who are members 
                of a federally recognized Indian tribe in complying 
                with the provisions of such section 274A.
    (e) Repeal of Pilot Programs and E-Verify and Transition 
Procedures.--
            (1) Repeal.--Sections 401, 402, 403, 404, and 405 of the 
        Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 
        1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 8 U.S.C. 1324a note) 
        are repealed.
            (2) Transition procedures.--Any employer who was 
        participating in the E-Verify Program described in section 403 
        of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility 
        Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 8 U.S.C. 1324a 
        note), as in effect on the minute before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, shall participate in the System 
        described in subsection (d) of section 274A of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act, as amended by subsection (a) to the same 
        extent and in the same manner that the employer participated in 
        such E-Verify Program.
            (3) Construction.--The repeal made by paragraph (1) may not 
        be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary to allow 
        or continue to allow the participation in such System of 
        employers who have participated in such E-Verify Program, as in 
        effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (3) of section 274(a) (8 
U.S.C. 1324(a)) is repealed.

SEC. 3102. INCREASING SECURITY AND INTEGRITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY CARDS.

    (a) Fraud-resistant, Tamper-resistant, Wear-resistant, and Identity 
Theft-resistant Social Security Cards.--
            (1) Issuance.--
                    (A) Preliminary work.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this title, the 
                Commissioner of Social Security shall begin work to 
                administer and issue fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant, 
                wear-resistant, and identity theft-resistant social 
                security cards.
                    (B) Completion.--Not later than 5 years after the 
                date of enactment of this title, the Commissioner of 
                Social Security shall issue only social security cards 
                determined to be fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant, 
                wear-resistant, and identity theft-resistant social 
                security cards.
            (2) Amendment.--Section 205(c)(2)(G) of the Social Security 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 405(c)(2)(G)) is amended by striking the second 
        sentence and inserting the following: ``The social security 
        card shall be fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant, wear-
        resistant, and identity theft-resistant.''.
            (3) Appropriation.--Out of any money in the Treasury of the 
        United States not otherwise appropriated, there is appropriated 
        to the Commissioner of Social Security an additional amount for 
        ``Limitation on Administrative Expenses'' for the purpose of 
        carrying out the amendments made by this subsection, 
        $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain available until 
        expended.
            (4) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
        In the Senate, amounts made available under this subsection are 
        designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
        403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
        resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
            (5) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
        made available under this subsection are designated as an 
        emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory Pay-
        As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 933(g)).
    (b) Multiple Cards.--Section 205(c)(2)(G) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 405(c)(2)(G)), as amended by subsection (a)(2), is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(i)'' after ``(G)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(ii) The Commissioner of Social Security shall restrict the 
issuance of multiple replacement social security cards to any 
individual to 3 per year and 10 for the life of the individual, except 
that the Commissioner may allow for reasonable exceptions from the 
limits under this clause on a case-by-case basis in compelling 
circumstances.''.
    (c) Criminal Penalties.--
            (1) Social security fraud.--
                    (A) In general.--Chapter 47 of title 18, United 
                States Code, is amended by inserting at the end the 
                following:
``Sec. 1041. Social security fraud.
    ``Any person who--
            ``(1) knowingly possesses or uses a social security account 
        number or social security card knowing that the number or card 
        was obtained from the Commissioner of Social Security by means 
        of fraud or false statement;
            ``(2) knowingly and falsely represents a number to be the 
        social security account number assigned by the Commissioner of 
        Social Security to him or her or to another person, when such 
        number is known not to be the social security account number 
        assigned by the Commissioner of Social Security to him or her 
        or to such other person;
            ``(3) knowingly, and without lawful authority, buys, sells, 
        or possesses with intent to buy or sell a social security 
        account number or a social security card that is or purports to 
        be a number or card issued by the Commissioner of Social 
        Security;
            ``(4) knowingly alters, counterfeits, forges, or falsely 
        makes a social security account number or a social security 
        card;
            ``(5) knowingly uses, distributes, or transfers a social 
        security account number or a social security card knowing the 
        number or card to be intentionally altered, counterfeited, 
        forged, falsely made, or stolen; or
            ``(6) without lawful authority, knowingly produces or 
        acquires for any person a social security account number, a 
        social security card, or a number or card that purports to be a 
        social security account number or social security card,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or 
both.''.
                    (B) Table of sections amendment.--The table of 
                sections for chapter 47 of title 18, United States 
                Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to 
                section 1040 the following:

``Sec. 1041. Social security fraud.''.
            (2) Information disclosure.--
                    (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law and subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Commissioner of Social Security shall disclose for the 
                purpose of investigating a violation of section 1041 of 
                title 18, United States Code, or section 274A, section 
                274B, or section 274C of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a, 1324b, 1324c), 
                provided that such request is in writing and from an 
                officer in a supervisory position or higher official, 
                the following records of the Social Security 
                Administration to any Federal law enforcement agency 
                that requests such records:
                            (i) Records concerning the identity, 
                        address, location, or financial institution 
                        accounts of the holder of a social security 
                        account number or social security card.
                            (ii) Records concerning the application for 
                        and issuance of a social security account 
                        number or social security card.
                            (iii) Records concerning the existence or 
                        nonexistence of a social security account 
                        number or social security card.
                    (B) Limitation.--The Commissioner of Social 
                Security shall not disclose any tax return or tax 
                return information pursuant to subparagraph (A) except 
                as authorized by section 6103 of the Internal Revenue 
                Code of 1986.

SEC. 3103. INCREASING SECURITY AND INTEGRITY OF IMMIGRATION DOCUMENTS.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress on the feasibility, 
advantages, and disadvantages of including, in addition to a 
photograph, other biometric information on each employment 
authorization document issued by the Department.

SEC. 3104. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.

    Title XI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new part:

                   ``Part E--Employment Verification

       ``responsibilities of the commissioner of social security

    ``Sec. 1186.  (a) Confirmation of Employment Verification Data.--As 
part of the employment verification system established by the Secretary 
of Homeland Security under the provisions of section 274A of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a) (in this section 
referred to as the `System'), the Commissioner of Social Security 
shall, subject to the provisions of section 274A(d) of the Immigration 
and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(d)), establish a reliable, secure 
method that, operating through the System and within the time periods 
specified in section 274A(d) of such Act--
            ``(1) compares the name, date of birth, social security 
        account number, and available citizenship information provided 
        in an inquiry against such information maintained by the 
        Commissioner in order to confirm (or not confirm) the validity 
        of the information provided regarding an individual whose 
        identity and employment eligibility must be confirmed;
            ``(2) determines the correspondence of the name, date of 
        birth, and number;
            ``(3) determines whether the name and number belong to an 
        individual who is deceased according to the records maintained 
        by the Commissioner;
            ``(4) determines whether an individual is a national of the 
        United States, as defined in section 101(a)(22) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)); and
            ``(5) determines whether the individual has presented a 
        social security account number that is not valid for 
        employment.
    ``(b) Prohibition.--The System shall not disclose or release social 
security information to employers through the confirmation system 
(other than such confirmation or nonconfirmation, information provided 
by the employer to the System, or the reason for the issuance of a 
further action notice).''.

SEC. 3105. IMPROVED PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION BASED ON NATIONAL 
              ORIGIN OR CITIZENSHIP STATUS.

    (a) In General.--Section 274B(a) (8 U.S.C. 1324b) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(a) Prohibition on Discrimination Based on National Origin or 
Citizenship Status.--
            ``(1) Prohibition on discrimination generally.--It is an 
        unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person, 
        other entity, or employment agency, to discriminate against any 
        individual (other than an unauthorized alien defined in section 
        274A(b)) because of such individual's national origin or 
        citizenship status, with respect to the following:
                    ``(A) The hiring of the individual for employment.
                    ``(B) The verification of the individual's 
                eligibility to work in the United States.
                    ``(C) The discharging of the individual from 
                employment.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A person, other entity, or employer that 
                employs 5 or fewer employees, except for an employment 
                agency.
                    ``(B) A person's or entity's discrimination because 
                of an individual's national origin if the 
                discrimination with respect to that employer, person, 
                or entity and that individual is covered under section 
                703 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-
                2), unless the discrimination is related to an 
                individual's verification of employment authorization.
                    ``(C) Discrimination because of citizenship status 
                which--
                            ``(i) is otherwise required in order to 
                        comply with a provision of Federal, State, or 
                        local law related to law enforcement;
                            ``(ii) is required by Federal Government 
                        contract; or
                            ``(iii) the Secretary or Attorney General 
                        determines to be essential for an employer to 
                        do business with an agency or department of the 
                        Federal Government or a State, local, or tribal 
                        government.
            ``(3) Additional exception providing right to prefer 
        equally qualified citizens.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this section, it is not an unfair immigration-
        related employment practice for an employer (as defined in 
        section 274A(b)) to prefer to hire, recruit, or refer an 
        individual who is a citizen or national of the United States 
        over another individual who is an alien if the 2 individuals 
        are equally qualified.
            ``(4) Unfair immigration-related employment practices 
        relating to the system.--It is also an unfair immigration-
        related employment practice for a person, other entity, or 
        employment agency--
                    ``(A) to discharge or constructively discharge an 
                individual solely due to a further action notice issued 
                by the Employment Verification System created by 
                section 274A until the administrative appeal described 
                in section 274A(d)(6) is completed;
                    ``(B) to use the System with regard to any person 
                for any purpose except as authorized by section 
                274A(d);
                    ``(C) to use the System to reverify the employment 
                authorization of a current employee, including an 
                employee continuing in employment, other than 
                reverification in a situation authorized by regulation 
                on the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
                Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
                Act, reverification upon expiration of employment 
                authorization, or as otherwise authorized under section 
                274A(d) or by regulation;
                    ``(D) to use the System selectively for employees, 
                except where authorized by law;
                    ``(E) to fail to provide to an individual any 
                notice required in section 274A(d) within the relevant 
                time period;
                    ``(F) to use the System to deny workers' employment 
                or post-employment benefits;
                    ``(G) to misuse the System to discriminate based on 
                national origin or citizenship status;
                    ``(H) to require an employee or prospective 
                employee to use any self-verification feature of the 
                System or provide, as a condition of application or 
                employment, any self-verification results;
                    ``(I) to use an immigration status verification 
                system, service, or method other than those described 
                in section 274A for purposes of verifying employment 
                eligibility; or
                    ``(J) to grant access to document verification or 
                System data, to any individual or entity other than 
                personnel authorized to have such access, or to fail to 
                take reasonable safeguards to protect against 
                unauthorized loss, use, alteration, or destruction of 
                System data.
            ``(5) Prohibition of intimidation or retaliation.--It is 
        also an unfair immigration-related employment practice for a 
        person, other entity, or employment agency to intimidate, 
        threaten, coerce, or retaliate against any individual--
                    ``(A) for the purpose of interfering with any right 
                or privilege secured under this section; or
                    ``(B) because the individual intends to file or has 
                filed a charge or a complaint, testified, assisted, or 
                participated in any manner in an investigation, 
                proceeding, or hearing under this section.
            ``(6) Treatment of certain documentary practices as 
        employment practices.--A person's, other entity's, or 
        employment agency's request, for purposes of verifying 
        employment eligibility, for more or different documents than 
        are required under section 274A, or for specific documents, or 
        refusing to honor documents tendered that reasonably appear to 
        be genuine shall be treated as an unfair immigration-related 
        employment practice.
            ``(7) Employment agency defined.--In this section, the term 
        `employment agency' means any employer, person, or entity 
        regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure 
        employees for an employer or to procure for employees 
        opportunities to work for an employer and includes an agent of 
        such employer, person, or entity.''.
    (b) Referral by EEOC.--Section 274B(b) (8 U.S.C. 1324b(b)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Referral by eeoc.--The Equal Employment Opportunity 
        Commission shall refer all matters alleging immigration-related 
        unfair employment practices filed with the Commission, 
        including those alleging violations of paragraphs (1), (4), 
        (5), and (6) of subsection (a) to the Special Counsel for 
        Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices of the 
        Department of Justice.'';
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 274B(l)(3) (8 U.S.C. 
1324b(l)(3)), is amended by striking the period at the end and 
inserting ``and an additional $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2016.''.
    (d) Fines.--
            (1) In general.--Section 274B(g)(2)(B) (8 U.S.C. 
        1324b(g)(2)(B)) is amended by striking clause (vi) and 
        inserting the following:
                            ``(iv) to pay any applicable civil 
                        penalties prescribed below, the amounts of 
                        which may be adjusted periodically to account 
                        for inflation as provided by law--
                                    ``(I) except as provided in 
                                subclauses (II) through (IV), to pay a 
                                civil penalty of not less than $2,000 
                                and not more than $5,000 for each 
                                individual subjected to an unfair 
                                immigration-related employment 
                                practice;
                                    ``(II) except as provided in 
                                subclauses (III) and (IV), in the case 
                                of an employer, person, or entity 
                                previously subject to a single order 
                                under this paragraph, to pay a civil 
                                penalty of not less than $4,000 and not 
                                more than $10,000 for each individual 
                                subjected to an unfair immigration-
                                related employment practice;
                                    ``(III) except as provided in 
                                subclause (IV), in the case of an 
                                employer, person, or entity previously 
                                subject to more than 1 order under this 
                                paragraph, to pay a civil penalty of 
                                not less than $8,000 and not more than 
                                $25,000 for each individual subjected 
                                to an unfair immigration-related 
                                employment practice; and
                                    ``(IV) in the case of an unfair 
                                immigration-related employment practice 
                                described in paragraphs (4) through (6) 
                                of subsection (a), to pay a civil 
                                penalty of not less than $500 and not 
                                more than $2,000 for each individual 
                                subjected to an unfair immigration-
                                related employment practice.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and apply to violations occurring on 
        or after such date of enactment.

SEC. 3106. RULEMAKING.

    (a) Interim Final Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act--
                    (A) the Secretary, shall issue regulations 
                implementing sections 3101, 3104, and 3105, and the 
                amendments made by such sections; and
                    (B) the Attorney General shall issue regulations 
                implementing section 3102 and the amendment made by 
                such section.
            (2) Effective date.--Regulations issued pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall be effective immediately on an interim 
        basis, but are subject to change and revision after public 
        notice and opportunity for a period for public comment.
    (b) Final Regulations.--Within a reasonable time after publication 
of the interim regulations under subsection (a), the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Commissioner of Social Security and the Attorney 
General, shall publish final regulations implementing this subtitle.

              Subtitle B--Protecting United States Workers

SEC. 3201. PROTECTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF SERIOUS VIOLATIONS OF LABOR AND 
              EMPLOYMENT LAW OR CRIME.

    (a) In General.--Section 101(a)(15)(U) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(U)) is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) by amending subclause (I) to read as follows:
                            ``(I) the alien--
                                    ``(aa) has suffered substantial 
                                physical or mental abuse or substantial 
                                harm as a result of having been a 
                                victim of criminal activity described 
                                in clause (iii) or of a covered 
                                violation described in clause (iv); or
                                    ``(bb) is a victim of criminal 
                                activity described in clause (iii) or 
                                of a covered violation described in 
                                clause (iv) and would suffer extreme 
                                hardship upon removal;'';
                    (B) in subclause (II), by inserting ``, or a 
                covered violation resulting in a claim described in 
                clause (iv) that is not the subject of a frivolous 
                lawsuit by the alien'' before the semicolon at the end; 
                and
                    (C) by amending subclauses (III) and (IV) to read 
                as follows:
                            ``(III) the alien (or in the case of an 
                        alien child who is younger than 16 years of 
                        age, the parent, guardian, or next friend of 
                        the alien) has been helpful, is being helpful, 
                        or is likely to be helpful to--
                                    ``(aa) a Federal, State, or local 
                                law enforcement official, a Federal, 
                                State, or local prosecutor, a Federal, 
                                State, or local judge, the Department 
                                of Homeland Security, the Equal 
                                Employment Opportunity Commission, the 
                                Department of Labor, or other Federal 
                                or, State, or local authorities 
                                investigating or prosecuting criminal 
                                activity described in clause (iii); or
                                    ``(bb) any Federal, State, or local 
                                governmental agency investigating, 
                                prosecuting, or seeking civil remedies 
                                for any cause of action, whether 
                                criminal, civil, or administrative, 
                                arising from a covered violation 
                                described in clause (iv) and presents a 
                                certification from such Federal, State, 
                                or local governmental agency attesting 
                                that the alien has been helpful, is 
                                being helpful, or is likely to be 
                                helpful to such agency in the 
                                investigation, prosecution, or 
                                adjudication arising from a covered 
                                violation described in clause (iv); and
                            ``(IV) the criminal activity described in 
                        clause (iii) or the covered violation described 
                        in clause (iv)--
                                    ``(aa) violated the laws of the 
                                United States; or
                                    ``(bb) occurred in the United 
                                States (including Indian country and 
                                military installations) or the 
                                territories and possessions of the 
                                United States;'';
            (2) in clause (ii)(II), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) by moving clause (iii) 2 ems to the left;
            (4) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``stalking, child abuse when the 
                alien is a minor;'' after ``sexual exploitation;'';
                    (B) by inserting ``fraud in foreign labor 
                contracting;'' before ``peonage;''; and
                    (C) by striking ``or'' at the end and inserting 
                ``and''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(iv) a covered violation referred to in this clause is--
                    ``(I) a serious violation involving 1 or more of 
                the following or any similar activity in violation of 
                any Federal, State, or local law, serious workplace 
                abuse, exploitation, retaliation, or violation of 
                whistleblower protections;
                    ``(II) a violation giving rise to a civil cause of 
                action under section 1595 of title 18, United States 
                Code; or
                    ``(III) a violation resulting in the deprivation of 
                due process or constitutional rights.''.
    (b) Savings Provision.--Nothing in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iv)(III) 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection (a), may 
be construed as altering the definition of retaliation or 
discrimination under any other provision of law.
    (c) Temporary Stay of Removal.--Section 274A (8 U.S.C. 1324a), as 
amended by section 3101, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (e) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(10) Conduct in enforcement actions.--If the Secretary 
        undertakes an enforcement action at a facility about which a 
        bona fide workplace claim has been filed or is 
        contemporaneously filed, or as a result of information provided 
        to the Secretary in retaliation against employees for 
        exercising their rights related to a bona fide workplace claim, 
        the Secretary shall ensure that--
                    ``(A) any aliens arrested or detained who are 
                necessary for the investigation or prosecution of a 
                bona fide workplace claim violations or criminal 
                activity (as described in subparagraph (T) or (U) of 
                section 101(a)(15)) are not removed from the United 
                States until after the Secretary--
                            ``(i) notifies the appropriate law 
                        enforcement agency with jurisdiction over such 
                        violations or criminal activity; and
                            ``(ii) provides such agency with the 
                        opportunity to interview such aliens;
                    ``(B) no aliens entitled to a stay of removal or 
                abeyance of removal proceedings under this section are 
                removed; and
                    ``(C) the Secretary shall stay the removal of an 
                alien who--
                            ``(i) has filed a covered violation 
                        described in clause (iv) of section 
                        101(a)(15)(U) and is the victim of the same 
                        violations under an existing investigation;
                            ``(ii) is a material witness in any pending 
                        or anticipated proceeding involving a bona fide 
                        workplace claim or civil rights claim; or
                            ``(iii) has filed for relief under such 
                        section if the alien has is working with law 
                        enforcement as described in clause (i)(III) of 
                        such section.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Victims of Criminal Activity or Labor and Employment 
Violations.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may permit an alien to 
remain temporarily in the United States and authorize the alien to 
engage in employment in the United States if the Secretary determines 
that the alien--
            ``(1) has filed for relief under section 101(a)(15)(U); or
            ``(2)(A) has filed, or is a material witness to, a bona 
        fide claim or proceedings resulting from a covered violation 
        (as defined in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iv)); and
            ``(B) has been helpful, is being helpful, or is likely to 
        be helpful, in the investigation, prosecution of, or pursuit of 
        civil remedies related to the claim arising from a covered 
        violation, to--
                    ``(i) a Federal, State, or local law enforcement 
                official;
                    ``(ii) a Federal, State, or local prosecutor;
                    ``(iii) a Federal, State, or local judge;
                    ``(iv) the Department of Homeland Security;
                    ``(v) the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; 
                or
                    ``(vi) the Department of Labor.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 214(p) (8 U.S.C. 1184(p)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``in section 
        101(a)(15)(U)(iii).'' both places it appears and inserting ``in 
        clause (iii) of section 101(a)(15)(U) or investigating, 
        prosecuting, or seeking civil remedies for claims resulting 
        from a covered violation described in clause (iv) of such 
        section.''; and
            (2) in the first sentence of paragraph (6)--
                    (A) by striking ``in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iii)'' 
                and inserting ``in clause (iii) of section 
                101(a)(15)(U) or claims resulting from a covered 
                violation described in clause (iv) of such section''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting ``or claim arising from a covered 
                violation'' after ``prosecution of such criminal 
                activity''.
    (e) Modification of Limitation on Authority To Adjust Status for 
Victims of Crimes.--Section 245(m)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1255(m)(1)) is amended, 
in the matter before subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or an 
investigation or prosecution regarding a workplace or civil rights 
claim'' after ``prosecution''.
    (f) Expansion of Limitation on Sources of Information That May Be 
Used To Make Adverse Determinations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 384(a)(1) of the Illegal 
        Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 
        U.S.C. 1367(a)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in each of subparagraphs (A) through (D), by 
                striking the comma at the end and inserting a 
                semicolon;
                    (B) subparagraph (E), by striking ``the criminal 
                activity,'' and inserting ``abuse and the criminal 
                activity or bona fide workplace claim (as defined in 
                subsection (e));'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``, the 
                trafficker or perpetrator,'' and inserting ``), the 
                trafficker or perpetrator; or''; and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
                following:
                    ``(G) the alien's employer,''.
            (2) Workplace claim defined.--Section 384 of the Illegal 
        Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 
        U.S.C. 1367) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Workplace Claims.--
            ``(1) Workplace claims defined.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In section (a)(1), the term 
                `workplace claim' means any claim, petition, charge, 
                complaint, or grievance filed with, or submitted to, a 
                Federal, State, or local agency or court, relating to 
                the violation of applicable Federal, State, or local 
                labor or employment laws.
                    ``(B) Constructions.--Subparagraph (A) may not be 
                construed to alter what constitutes retaliation or 
                discrimination under any other provision of law.
            ``(2) Penalty for false claims.--Any person who knowingly 
        presents a false or fraudulent claim to a law enforcement 
        official in relation to a covered violation for the purpose of 
        obtaining a benefit under this section shall be subject to a 
        civil penalty of not more than $1,000.
            ``(3) Limitation on stay of adverse determinations.--In the 
        case of an alien applying for status under section 
        101(a)(15)(U) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and 
        seeking relief under this section, the prohibition on adverse 
        determinations under subsection (a) shall expire on the date 
        that the alien's application for status under such section is 
        denied and all opportunities for appeal of the denial have been 
        exhausted.''.
    (g) Removal Proceedings.--Section 239(e) (8 U.S.C. 1229(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``In cases where'' and inserting 
                ``If''; and
                    (B) by striking ``paragraph (2),'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (2) or as a result of information provided 
                to the Secretary of Homeland Security in retaliation 
                against individuals for exercising or attempting to 
                exercise their employment rights or other legal 
                rights,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) At a facility about which a bona fide 
                workplace claim has been filed or is contemporaneously 
                filed.''.

SEC. 3202. EMPLOYMENT VERIFICATION SYSTEM EDUCATION FUNDING.

    (a) Disposition of Civil Penalties.--Penalties collected under 
subsections (e)(4) and (f)(3) of section 274A of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act, amended by section 3101, shall be deposited, as 
offsetting receipts, into the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
Fund established under section 6(a)(1).
    (b) Expenditures.--Amounts deposited into the Trust Fund under 
subsection (a) shall be made available to the Secretary to provide 
education to employers and employees regarding the requirements, 
obligations, and rights under the Employment Verification System.
    (c) Determination of Budgetary Effects.--
            (1) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
        In the Senate, amounts made available under this section are 
        designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
        403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
        resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
            (2) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
        made available under this section are designated as an 
        emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory Pay-
        As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 933(g)).

SEC. 3203. DIRECTIVE TO THE UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION.

    (a) In General.--Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of 
title 28, United States Code, and in accordance with subsection (b), 
the United States Sentencing Commission shall promulgate sentencing 
guidelines or amend existing sentencing guidelines to modify, if 
appropriate, the penalties imposed on persons convicted of offenses 
under--
            (1) section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1324a), as amended by section 3101;
            (2) section 16 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 
        U.S.C. 216); and
            (3) any other Federal law covering similar conduct.
    (b) Requirements.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Sentencing 
Commission shall provide sentencing enhancements for any person 
convicted of an offense described in subsection (a) if such offense 
involves--
            (1) the intentional confiscation of identification 
        documents;
            (2) corruption, bribery, extortion, or robbery;
            (3) sexual abuse;
            (4) serious bodily injury;
            (5) an intent to defraud; or
            (6) a pattern of conduct involving multiple violations of 
        law that--
                    (A) creates, through knowing and intentional 
                conduct, a risk to the health or safety of any victim; 
                or
                    (B) denies payments due to victims for work 
                completed.

SEC. 3204. CONFIDENTIALITY FOR VICTIMS OF CRIME.

    Section 384 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1367) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``in no case may''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``or, with respect to 
                        subparagraphs (E) and (F) and paragraph (2), 
                        any other official or employee of a certifying 
                        agency, may not'' after ``Departments)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``who is a 
                beneficiary of an application'' and inserting 
                ``applying for''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``battered''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8)(A) Subsection (a)(2) may not be construed to prevent 
        the disclosure of--
                    ``(i) information that prosecutors are 
                constitutionally obligated to disclose to provide 
                statements by witnesses and certain other documents to 
                defendants in a pending Federal criminal proceeding; or
                    ``(ii) information in a civil proceeding in which a 
                judge orders that such information be disclosed in 
                connection with a witness testifying in such 
                proceeding.
            ``(B) All information disclosed during litigation pursuant 
        to the exception set forth in this paragraph for any purpose 
        other than the purpose ordered in the proceeding--
                    ``(i) may not be disclosed to any nonrequired 
                party;
                    ``(ii) shall be filed under seal, with all 
                personally identifying information redacted except the 
                witness's first name; and
                    ``(iii) shall be returned to the disclosing party 
                at the conclusion of the proceeding.''.

                      Subtitle C--Other Provisions

SEC. 3301. FUNDING.

    (a) Establishment of the Interior Enforcement Account.--There is 
hereby established in the Treasury of the United States an account 
which shall be known as the Interior Enforcement Account.
    (b) Appropriations.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Interior Enforcement Account $1,000,000,000 to carry out this title and 
the amendments made by this title, including the following 
appropriations:
            (1) In each of the 5 years beginning on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the appropriations necessary to increase 
        to a level not less than 5,000, by the end of such 5-year 
        period, the total number of personnel of the Department 
        assigned exclusively or principally to an office or offices in 
        U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement (and consistent with the missions of 
        such agencies), dedicated to administering the System, and 
        monitoring and enforcing compliance with sections 274A, 274B, 
        and 274C of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1324a, 1324b, and 1324c), including compliance with the 
        requirements of the Electronic Verification System established 
        under section 274A(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1324a(d)), as amended by section 3101. Such personnel 
        shall perform compliance and monitoring functions, including 
        the following:
                    (A) Verify compliance of employers participating in 
                such System with the requirements for participation 
                that are prescribed by the Secretary.
                    (B) Monitor such System for multiple uses of social 
                security account numbers and immigration identification 
                numbers that could indicate identity theft or fraud.
                    (C) Monitor such System to identify discriminatory 
                or unfair practices.
                    (D) Monitor such System to identify employers who 
                are not using such System properly, including employers 
                who fail to make available appropriate records with 
                respect to their queries and any notices of 
                confirmation, nonconfirmation, or further action.
                    (E) Identify instances in which an employee alleges 
                that an employer violated the employee's privacy or 
                civil rights, or misused such System, and create 
                procedures for an employee to report such an 
                allegation.
                    (F) Analyze and audit the use of such System and 
                the data obtained through such System to identify fraud 
                trends, including fraud trends across industries, 
                geographical areas, or employer size.
                    (G) Analyze and audit the use of such System and 
                the data obtained through such System to develop 
                compliance tools as necessary to respond to changing 
                patterns of fraud.
                    (H) Provide employers with additional training and 
                other information on the proper use of such System, 
                including training related to privacy and employee 
                rights.
                    (I) Perform threshold evaluation of cases for 
                referral to the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related 
                Unfair Employment Practices of the Department of 
                Justice or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 
                and other officials or agencies with responsibility for 
                enforcing anti-discrimination, civil rights, privacy, 
                or worker protection laws, as may be appropriate.
                    (J) Any other compliance and monitoring activities 
                that the Secretary determines are necessary to ensure 
                the functioning of such System.
                    (K) Investigate identity theft and fraud detected 
                through such System and undertake the necessary 
                enforcement or referral actions.
                    (L) Investigate use of or access to fraudulent 
                documents and undertake the necessary enforcement 
                actions.
                    (M) Perform any other investigations that the 
                Secretary determines are necessary to ensure the lawful 
                functioning of such System, and undertake any 
                enforcement actions necessary as a result of such 
                investigations.
            (2) The appropriations necessary to acquire, install, and 
        maintain technological equipment necessary to support the 
        functioning of such System and the connectivity between U.S. 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services and U.S. Immigration and 
        Customs Enforcement, the Department of Justice, and other 
        agencies or officials with respect to the sharing of 
        information to support such System and related immigration 
        enforcement actions.
            (3) The appropriations necessary to establish a robust 
        redress process for employees who wish to appeal contested 
        nonconfirmations to ensure the accuracy and fairness of such 
        System.
            (4) The appropriations necessary to provide a means by 
        which individuals may access their own employment authorization 
        data to ensure the accuracy of such data, independent of an 
        individual's employer.
            (5) To carry out the identity authentication mechanisms 
        described in section 274A(c)(1)(F) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act, as amended by section 3101(a).
            (6) The appropriations necessary for the Office for Civil 
        Rights and Civil Liberties and the Office of Privacy of the 
        Department to perform the responsibilities of such Offices 
        related to such System.
            (7) The appropriations necessary to make grants to States 
        to support the States in assisting the Federal Government in 
        carrying out the provisions of this title and the amendments 
        made by this title.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations to the Commissioner of Social 
Security.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Commissioner of Social Security such sums as may be 
        necessary to carry out the provisions of this title and the 
        amendments made by this title.
            (2) Prohibition on use of trust funds.--In no case shall 
        the Commissioner expend funds from the Old Age and Survivors 
        Trust Fund or the Disability Trust Fund for expenses related to 
        administration of this title or the amendments made by this 
        title.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations to the Attorney General.--There 
are authorized to be appropriated to the Attorney General such sums as 
may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this title and the 
amendments made by this title, including enforcing compliance with 
section 274B of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
section 3105 of this Act.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations to the Secretary of State.--
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this title and 
the amendments made by this title.

SEC. 3302. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Except as otherwise specifically provided, this title and the 
amendments made by this title shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3303. MANDATORY EXIT SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary 
shall establish a mandatory exit data system that shall include a 
requirement for the collection of data from machine-readable visas, 
passports, and other travel and entry documents for all categories of 
aliens who are exiting from air and sea ports of entry.
    (b) Integration and Interoperability.--
            (1) Integration of data system.--The Secretary shall fully 
        integrate all data from databases and data systems that process 
        or contain information on aliens, which are maintained by--
                    (A) the Department, at--
                            (i) the U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                        Enforcement;
                            (ii) the U.S. Customs and Border 
                        Protection; and
                            (iii) the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services;
                    (B) the Department of Justice, at the Executive 
                Office for Immigration Review; and
                    (C) the Department of State, at the Bureau of 
                Consular Affairs.
            (2) Interoperable component.--The fully integrated data 
        system under paragraph (1) shall be an interoperable component 
        of the exit data system.
            (3) Interoperable data system.--The Secretary shall fully 
        implement an interoperable electronic data system to provide 
        current and immediate access to information in the databases of 
        Federal law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community 
        that is relevant to determine--
                    (A) whether to issue a visa; or
                    (B) the admissibility or deportability of an alien.
            (4) Training.--The Secretary shall establish ongoing 
        training modules on immigration law to improve adjudications at 
        United States ports of entry, consulates, and embassies.

SEC. 3304. IDENTITY-THEFT RESISTANT MANIFEST INFORMATION FOR 
              PASSENGERS, CREW, AND NON-CREW ONBOARD DEPARTING AIRCRAFT 
              AND VESSELS.

    (a) Definitions.--Except as otherwise specifically provided, in 
this section:
            (1) Identity-theft resistant collection location.--The term 
        ``identity-theft resistant collection location'' means a 
        location within an airport or seaport--
                    (A) within the path of the departing alien, such 
                that the alien would not need to significantly deviate 
                from that path to comply with exit requirements at 
                which air or vessel carrier employees, as applicable, 
                either present or routinely available if an alien needs 
                processing assistance; and
                    (B) which is equipped with technology that is able 
                to securely transmit identity-theft resistant departure 
                manifest information to the Department.
            (2) US-VISIT.--The term ``US-VISIT'' means the United 
        States-Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology 
        system.
    (b) Identity Theft Resistant Manifest Information.--
            (1) Passport or visa collection requirement.--Except as 
        provided in paragraph (c), an appropriate official of each 
        commercial aircraft or vessel departing from the United States 
        to any port or place outside the United States shall ensure 
        transmission to U.S. Customs and Border Protection of identity-
        theft resistant departure manifest information covering alien 
        passengers, crew, and non-crew. Such identity-theft resistant 
        departure manifest information--
                    (A) shall be transmitted to U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection at the place and time specified in 
                subparagraph (3) by means approved by the Secretary; 
                and
                    (B) shall set forth the information specified in 
                paragraph (4) or other information as required by the 
                Secretary.
            (2) Manner of collection.--Carriers boarding alien 
        passengers, crew, and non-crew subject to the requirement to 
        provide information upon departure US-VISIT processing shall 
        collect identity-theft resistant departure manifest information 
        from each alien at a collection location at the airport or 
        seaport before boarding that alien on transportation for 
        departure from the United States, at a time close to the 
        originally scheduled departure of that passenger's aircraft or 
        sea vessel as practicable.
            (3) Time and manner of submission.--
                    (A) In general.--The appropriate official specified 
                in paragraph (1) shall ensure transmission of the 
                identity-theft resistant departure manifest information 
                required and collected under paragraphs (1) and (2) to 
                the Data Center or Headquarters U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection, or such other data center as may be 
                designated.
                    (B) Transmission.--The biometric departure 
                information may be transmitted to the Department over 
                any means of communication authorized by the Secretary 
                for the transmission of other electronic manifest 
                information containing personally identifiable 
                information and under transmission standards currently 
                applicable to other electronic manifest information.
                    (C) Submission along with other information.--Files 
                containing the identity-theft resistant departure 
                manifest information--
                            (i) may be sent with other electronic 
                        manifest data prior to departure or may be sent 
                        separately from any topically related 
                        electronic manifest data; and
                            (ii) may be sent in batch mode.
            (4) Information required.--The identity-theft resistant 
        departure information required under paragraphs (1) through (3) 
        for each covered passenger or crew member shall contain alien 
        data from machine-readable visas, passports, and other travel 
        and entry documents issued to the alien.
    (c) Exception.--The identity-theft resistant departure manifest 
information specified in this section is not required for any alien 
active duty military personnel traveling as passengers on board a 
departing Department of Defense commercial chartered aircraft.
    (d) Carrier Maintenance and Use of Identity-theft Resistant 
Departure Manifest Information.--Carrier use of identity-theft 
resistant departure manifest information for purposes other than as 
described in standards set by the Secretary is prohibited. Carriers 
shall immediately notify the Chief Privacy Officer of the Department in 
writing in event of unauthorized use or access, or breach, of identity-
theft resistant departure manifest information.
    (e) Collection at Specified Location.--If the Secretary determines 
that an air or vessel carrier has not adequately complied with the 
provisions of this section, the Secretary may, in the Secretary's 
discretion, require the air or vessel carrier to collect identity-theft 
resistant departure manifest information at a specific location prior 
to the issuance of a boarding pass or other document on the 
international departure, or the boarding of crew, in any port through 
which the carrier boards aliens for international departure under the 
supervision of the Secretary for such period as the Secretary considers 
appropriate to ensure the adequate collection and transmission of 
biometric departure manifest information.
    (f) Funding.--There shall be appropriated to the Interior 
Enforcement Account $500,000,000 to reimburse carriers for their 
reasonable actual expenses in carrying out their duties as described in 
this section.
    (g) Determination of Budgetary Effects.--
            (1) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
        In the Senate, amounts made available under this section are 
        designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
        403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
        resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
            (2) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
        made available under this section are designated as an 
        emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory Pay-
        As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 933(g)).

SEC. 3305. PROFILING.

    (a) Prohibition.--In making routine or spontaneous law enforcement 
decisions, such as ordinary traffic stops, Federal law enforcement 
officers may not use race or ethnicity to any degree, except that 
officers may rely on race and ethnicity if a specific suspect 
description exists.
    (b) Exceptions.--
            (1) In conducting activities in connection with a specific 
        investigation, Federal law enforcement officers may consider 
        race and ethnicity only to the extent that there is trustworthy 
        information, relevant to the locality or time frame, that links 
        persons of a particular race or ethnicity to an identified 
        criminal incident, scheme, or organization. This standard 
        applies even where the use of race or ethnicity might otherwise 
        be lawful.
            (2) In investigating or preventing threats to national 
        security or other catastrophic events (including the 
        performance of duties related to air transportation security), 
        or in enforcing laws protecting the integrity of the Nation's 
        borders, Federal law enforcement officers may not consider race 
        or ethnicity except to the extent permitted by the Constitution 
        and laws of the United States.
            (3) Defined term.--In this section, the term ``Federal law 
        enforcement officer'' means any officer, agent, or employee of 
        the United States authorized by law or by a Government agency 
        to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, 
        investigation, or prosecution of any violation of Federal law.
    (b) Study and Regulations.--
            (1) Data collection.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall begin 
        collecting data regarding the individualized immigration 
        enforcement activities of covered Department of Homeland 
        Security officers.
            (2) Study.--Not later than 180 days after data collection 
        under paragraph (1) commences, the Secretary shall complete a 
        study analyzing the data.
            (3) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
        study required by paragraph (2) is completed, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Attorney General, shall issue regulations 
        regarding the use of race, ethnicity, and any other suspect 
        classifications the Secretary deems appropriate by covered 
        Department of Homeland Security officers.
            (4) Reports.--Not later than 30 days after completion of 
        the study required by paragraph (2), the Secretary shall submit 
        the study to--
                    (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
                of Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (E) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; 
                and
                    (F) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (5) Defined term.--In this subsection, the term ``covered 
        Department of Homeland Security officer'' means any officer, 
        agent, or employee of United States Customs and Border 
        Protection, United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
        or the Transportation Security Administration.

               Subtitle D--Asylum and Refugee Provisions

SEC. 3401. TIME LIMITS AND EFFICIENT ADJUDICATION OF GENUINE ASYLUM 
              CLAIMS.

    Section 208(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1158(a)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security'' after ``Attorney General'' both places such 
        term appears;
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (D);
            (3) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B);
            (4) in subparagraph (B), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``subparagraph (D)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (C) and 
        (D)''; and
            (5) by inserting after subparagraph (B), as redesignated, 
        the following:
                    ``(C) Changed circumstances.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (B), an application for asylum of an alien 
                may be considered if the alien demonstrates, to the 
                satisfaction of the Attorney General or the Secretary 
                of Homeland Security, the existence of changed 
                circumstances that materially affect the applicant's 
                eligibility for asylum.
                    ``(D) Motion to reopen certain meritorious 
                claims.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (B) or section 
                240(c)(7), an alien may file a motion to reopen an 
                asylum claim during the 2-year period beginning on the 
                date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
                Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act if the 
                alien--
                            ``(i) was denied asylum based solely upon a 
                        failure to meet the 1-year application filing 
                        deadline in effect on the date on which the 
                        application was filed;
                            ``(ii) was granted withholding of removal 
                        pursuant to section 241(b)(3) and has not 
                        obtained lawful permanent residence in the 
                        United States pursuant to any other provision 
                        of law;
                            ``(iii) is not subject to the safe third 
                        country exception in subsection (a)(2)(A) or a 
                        bar to asylum under subsection (b)(2) and 
                        should not be denied asylum as a matter of 
                        discretion; and
                            ``(iv) is physically present in the United 
                        States when the motion is filed.''.

SEC. 3402. REFUGEE FAMILY PROTECTIONS.

    (a) Children of Refugee or Asylee Spouses and Children.--A child of 
an alien who qualifies for admission as a spouse or child under section 
207(c)(2)(A) or 208(b)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
U.S.C. 1157(c)(2)(A) and 1158(b)(3)) shall be entitled to the same 
admission status as such alien if the child--
            (1) is accompanying or following to join such alien; and
            (2) is otherwise eligible under section 207(c)(2)(A) or 
        208(b)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

SEC. 3403. CLARIFICATION ON DESIGNATION OF CERTAIN REFUGEES.

    Section 207(c)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1157(c)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Subject to the numerical 
        limitations''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(B)(i) The President, upon a recommendation of the Secretary of 
State made in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, and 
after appropriate consultation, may designate specifically defined 
groups of aliens--
            ``(I) whose resettlement in the United States is justified 
        by humanitarian concerns or is otherwise in the national 
        interest; and
            ``(II) who--
                    ``(aa) share common characteristics that identify 
                them as targets of persecution on account of race, 
                religion, nationality, membership in a particular 
                social group, or political opinion; or
                    ``(bb) having been identified as targets as 
                described in item (aa), share a common need for 
                resettlement due to a specific vulnerability.
    ``(ii) An alien who establishes membership in a group designated 
under clause (i) to the satisfaction of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall be considered a refugee for purposes of admission as a 
refugee under this section unless the Secretary determines that such 
alien ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the 
persecution of any person on account of race, religion, nationality, 
membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
    ``(iii) A designation under clause (i) is for purposes of 
adjudicatory efficiency and may be revoked by the President at any time 
after notification to Congress.
    ``(iv) Categories of aliens established under section 599D of the 
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167; 8 U.S.C. 1157 note)--
            ``(I) shall be designated under clause (i) until the end of 
        the first fiscal year commencing after the date of the 
        enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
        Immigration Modernization Act; and
            ``(II) shall be eligible for designation thereafter at the 
        discretion of the President, considering, among other factors, 
        whether a country under consideration has been designated by 
        the Secretary of State as a `Country of Particular Concern' for 
        engaging in or tolerating systematic, ongoing, and egregious 
        violations of religious freedom.
    ``(v) A designation under clause (i) shall not influence decisions 
to grant, to any alien, asylum under section 208, protection under 
section 241(b)(3), or protection under the Convention Against Torture 
and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, done at 
New York December 10, 1984.
    ``(vi) A decision to deny admission under this section to an alien 
who establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the alien is 
a member of a group designated under clause (i) shall--
            ``(I) be in writing; and
            ``(II) state, to the maximum extent feasible, the reason 
        for the denial.
    ``(vii) Refugees admitted pursuant to a designation under clause 
(i) shall be subject to the number of admissions under this section.''.

SEC. 3404. ASYLUM DETERMINATION EFFICIENCY.

    Section 235(b)(1)(B)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 1225(b)(1)(B)(ii)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``asylum.'' and inserting ``asylum by an 
        asylum officer. The asylum officer, after conducting a 
        nonadversarial asylum interview and seeking supervisory review, 
        may grant asylum to the alien under section 208 or refer the 
        case to a designee of the Attorney General, for a de novo 
        asylum determination, for relief under the Convention Against 
        Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or 
        Punishment, done at New York December 10, 1984, or for 
        protection under section 241(b)(3).''.

SEC. 3405. STATELESS PERSONS IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 210A. PROTECTION OF CERTAIN STATELESS PERSONS IN THE UNITED 
              STATES.

    ``(a) Stateless Persons.--
            ``(1) In general.--In this section, the term `stateless 
        person' means an individual who is not considered a national 
        under the operation of the laws of any country.
            ``(2) Designation of specific stateless groups.--The 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of State, may, in the discretion of the Secretary, 
        designate specific groups of individuals who are considered 
        stateless persons, for purposes of this section.
    ``(b) Status of Stateless Persons.--
            ``(1) Relief for certain individuals determined to be 
        stateless persons.--The Secretary of Homeland Security or the 
        Attorney General may, in his or her discretion, provide 
        conditional lawful status to an alien who is otherwise 
        inadmissible or deportable from the United States if the 
        alien--
                    ``(A) is a stateless person present in the United 
                States;
                    ``(B) applies for such relief;
                    ``(C) has not lost his or her nationality as a 
                result of his or her voluntary action or knowing 
                inaction after arrival in the United States;
                    ``(D) except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), 
                is not inadmissible under section 212(a); and
                    ``(E) is not described in section 241(b)(3)(B)(i).
            ``(2) Inapplicability of certain provisions.--The 
        provisions under paragraphs (4), (5), (7), and (9)(B) of 
        section 212(a) shall not apply to any alien seeking relief 
        under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary or the Attorney General may 
        waive any other provisions of such section, other than 
        subparagraphs (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (G), (H), or (I) of 
        paragraph (2), paragraph (3), paragraph (6)(C)(i) (with respect 
        to misrepresentations relating to the application for relief 
        under paragraph (1)), or subparagraphs (A), (C), (D), or (E) of 
        paragraph (10) of section 212(a), with respect to such an alien 
        for humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity, or if it is 
        otherwise in the public interest.
            ``(4) Submission of passport or travel document.--Any alien 
        who seeks relief under this section shall submit to the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney General--
                    ``(A) any available passport or travel document 
                issued at any time to the alien (whether or not the 
                passport or document has expired or been cancelled, 
                rescinded, or revoked); or
                    ``(B) an affidavit, sworn under penalty of 
                perjury--
                            ``(i) stating that the alien has never been 
                        issued a passport or travel document; or
                            ``(ii) identifying with particularity any 
                        such passport or travel document and explaining 
                        why the alien cannot submit it.
            ``(5) Work authorization.--The Secretary of Homeland 
        Security may authorize an alien who has applied for and is 
        found prima facie eligible for or been granted relief under 
        paragraph (1) to engage in employment in the United States.
            ``(6) Travel documents.--The Secretary may issue 
        appropriate travel documents to an alien who has been granted 
        relief under paragraph (1) that would allow him or her to 
        travel abroad and be admitted to the United States upon return, 
        if otherwise admissible.
            ``(7) Treatment of spouse and children.--The spouse or 
        child of an alien who has been granted conditional lawful 
        status under paragraph (1) shall, if not otherwise eligible for 
        admission under paragraph (1), be granted conditional lawful 
        status under this section if accompanying, or following to 
        join, such alien if--
                    ``(A) the spouse or child is admissible (except as 
                otherwise provided in paragraphs (2) and (3)) and is 
                not described in section 241(b)(3)(B)(i); and
                    ``(B) the qualifying relationship to the principal 
                beneficiary existed on the date on which such alien was 
                granted conditional lawful status.
    ``(c) Adjustment of Status.--
            ``(1) Inspection and examination.--At the end of the 1-year 
        period beginning on the date on which an alien has been granted 
        conditional lawful status under subsection (b), the alien may 
        apply for lawful permanent residence in the United States if--
                    ``(A) the alien has been physically present in the 
                United States for at least 1 year;
                    ``(B) the alien's conditional lawful status has not 
                been terminated by the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                or the Attorney General, pursuant to such regulations 
                as the Secretary or the Attorney General may prescribe; 
                and
                    ``(C) the alien has not otherwise acquired 
                permanent resident status.
            ``(2) Requirements for adjustment of status.--The Secretary 
        of Homeland Security or the Attorney General, under such 
        regulations as the Secretary or the Attorney General may 
        prescribe, may adjust the status of an alien granted 
        conditional lawful status under subsection (b) to that of an 
        alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if such alien--
                    ``(A) is a stateless person;
                    ``(B) properly applies for such adjustment of 
                status;
                    ``(C) has been physically present in the United 
                States for at least 1 year after being granted 
                conditional lawful status under subsection (b);
                    ``(D) is not firmly resettled in any foreign 
                country; and
                    ``(E) is admissible (except as otherwise provided 
                under paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (b)) as an 
                immigrant under this chapter at the time of examination 
                of such alien for adjustment of status.
            ``(3) Record.--Upon approval of an application under this 
        subsection, the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney 
        General shall establish a record of the alien's admission for 
        lawful permanent residence as of the date that is 1 year before 
        the date of such approval.
            ``(4) Numerical limitation.--The number of aliens who may 
        receive an adjustment of status under this section for a fiscal 
        year shall be subject to the numerical limitation of section 
        203(b)(4).
    ``(d) Proving the Claim.--In determining an alien's eligibility for 
lawful conditional status or adjustment of status under this 
subsection, the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney General 
shall consider any credible evidence relevant to the application. The 
determination of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given 
that evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the Secretary or 
the Attorney General.
    ``(e) Review.--
            ``(1) Administrative review.--No appeal shall lie from the 
        denial of an application by the Secretary, but such denial will 
        be without prejudice to the alien's right to renew the 
        application in proceedings under section 240.
            ``(2) Motions to reopen.--Notwithstanding any limitation 
        imposed by law on motions to reopen removal, deportation, or 
        exclusion proceedings, any individual who is eligible for 
        relief under this section may file a motion to reopen 
        proceedings in order to apply for relief under this section. 
        Any such motion shall be filed within 2 years of the date of 
        the enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
        Immigration Modernization Act.
    ``(f) Limitation.--
            ``(1) Applicability.--The provisions of this section shall 
        only apply to aliens present in the United States.
            ``(2) Savings provision.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to authorize or require--
                    ``(A) the admission of any alien to the United 
                States;
                    ``(B) the parole of any alien into the United 
                States; or
                    ``(C) the grant of any motion to reopen or 
                reconsider filed by an alien after departure or removal 
                from the United States.''.
    (b) Judicial Review.--Section 242(a)(2)(B)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 
1252(a)(2)(B)(ii)) is amended by striking ``208(a).'' and inserting 
``208(a) or 210A.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 203(b)(4) (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(4)) 
is amended by inserting ``to aliens granted an adjustment of status 
under section 210A(c) or'' after ``level,''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Immigration 
and Nationality Act is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 210 the following:

``Sec. 210A. Protection of stateless persons in the United States.''.

SEC. 3406. U VISA ACCESSIBILITY.

    Section 214(p)(2)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1184(p)(2)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``10,000.'' and inserting ``18,000, of which not more than 
3,000 visas may be issued for aliens who are victims of a covered 
violation described in section 101(a)(15)(U).''.

SEC. 3407. REPRESENTATION AT OVERSEAS REFUGEE INTERVIEWS.

    Section 207(c) (8 U.S.C. 1157(c)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
            ``(5) The adjudicator of an application for refugee status 
        under this section shall consider all relevant evidence and 
        maintain a record of the evidence considered.
            ``(6) An applicant for refugee status may be represented, 
        including at a refugee interview, at no expense to the 
        Government, by an attorney or accredited representative who--
                    ``(A) was chosen by the applicant; and
                    ``(B) is authorized by the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security to be recognized as the representative of such 
                applicant in an adjudication under this section.
            ``(7)(A) A decision to deny an application for refugee 
        status under this section--
                    ``(i) shall be in writing; and
                    ``(ii) shall provide, to the maximum extent 
                feasible, information on the reason for the denial, 
                including--
                            ``(I) the facts underlying the 
                        determination; and
                            ``(II) whether there is a waiver of 
                        inadmissibility available to the applicant.
            ``(B) The basis of any negative credibility finding shall 
        be part of the written decision.
            ``(8)(A) An applicant who is denied refugee status under 
        this section may file a request with the Secretary for a review 
        of his or her application not later than 120 days after such 
        denial.
            ``(B) A request filed under subparagraph (A) shall be 
        adjudicated by refugee officers who have received training on 
        considering requests for review of refugee applications that 
        have been denied.
            ``(C) The Secretary shall publish the standard applied to a 
        request for review.
            ``(D) A request for review may result in the decision being 
        granted, denied, or reopened for a further interview.
            ``(E) A decision on a request for review under this 
        paragraph--
                    ``(i) shall be in writing; and
                    ``(ii) shall provide, to the maximum extent 
                feasible, information on the reason for the denial.''.

    Subtitle E--Shortage of Immigration Court Resources for Removal 
                              Proceedings

SEC. 3501. SHORTAGE OF IMMIGRATION COURT PERSONNEL FOR REMOVAL 
              PROCEEDINGS.

    (a) Immigration Court Judges.--The Attorney General shall increase 
the total number of immigration judges to adjudicate current pending 
cases and efficiently process future cases by at least--
            (1) 75 in fiscal year 2014;
            (2) 75 in fiscal year 2015; and
            (3) 75 in fiscal year 2016.
    (b) Necessary Support Staff for Immigration Court Judges.--The 
Attorney General shall address the shortage of support staff for 
immigration judges by ensuring that each immigration judge has the 
assistance of the necessary support staff, including the equivalent of 
1 staff attorney or law clerk and 1 legal assistant.
    (c) Annual Increases in Board of Immigration Appeals Personnel.--
The Attorney General shall increase the number of Board of Immigration 
Appeals staff attorneys (including the necessary additional support 
staff) to efficiently process cases by at least--
            (1) 30 in fiscal year 2014;
            (2) 30 in fiscal year 2015; and
            (3) 30 in fiscal year 2016.
    (d) Funding.--There shall be appropriated, from the Comprehensive 
Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 3502. IMPROVING IMMIGRATION COURT EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS BY 
              INCREASING ACCESS TO LEGAL INFORMATION.

    (a) Clarification Regarding the Authority of the Attorney General 
to Appoint Counsel to Aliens in Immigration Proceedings.--Section 292 
(8 U.S.C. 1362) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``In any'';
            (2) by striking ``(at no expense to the Government)'';
            (3) by striking ``he shall'' and inserting ``the person 
        shall''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) The Government is not required to provide counsel to aliens 
under subsection (a). However, the Attorney General may, in the 
Attorney General's sole and unreviewable discretion, appoint or provide 
counsel to aliens in immigration proceedings conducted under section 
240 of this Act.''.
    (b) Appointment of Counsel in Certain Cases.--Section 240(b)(4) (8 
U.S.C. 1229a(b)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``, at no expense to 
        the Government,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``The Government is 
        not required to provide counsel to aliens under this paragraph. 
        However, the Attorney General may, in the Attorney General's 
        sole and unreviewable discretion, appoint or provide counsel at 
        government expense to aliens in immigration proceedings.''.
    (c) Appointment of Counsel for Unaccompanied Alien Children and 
Aliens With a Serious Mental Disability.--Section 292 (8 U.S.C. 1362), 
as amended by subsection (a), is further amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(c) Notwithstanding subsection (b), the Attorney General shall 
appoint counsel, at the expense of the Government, if necessary, to 
represent an alien in a removal proceeding who has been determined by 
the Secretary to be an unaccompanied alien child, is incompetent to 
represent himself or herself due to a serious mental disability that 
would be included in section 3(2) of the Americans with Disabilities 
Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)), or is considered particularly 
vulnerable when compared to other aliens in removal proceedings, such 
that the appointment of counsel is necessary to help ensure fair 
resolution and efficient adjudication of the proceedings.''.
    (d) Funding.--There shall be appropriated, from the Comprehensive 
Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out this section and the amendments 
made by this section.

SEC. 3503. OFFICE OF LEGAL ACCESS PROGRAMS.

    (a) Establishment of Office of Legal Access Programs.--The Attorney 
General shall establish within the Executive Office for Immigration 
Review an Office of Legal Access Programs to develop and administer a 
system of legal orientation programs to make immigration proceedings 
more efficient and cost effective by educating aliens regarding 
administrative procedures and legal rights under United States 
immigration law and to establish other programs to assist in providing 
aliens access to legal information.
    (b) Legal Orientation Programs.--The legal orientation programs--
            (1) shall provide programs to assist detained aliens in 
        making informed and timely decisions regarding their removal 
        and eligibility for relief from removal in order to increase 
        efficiency and reduce costs in immigration proceedings and 
        Federal custody processes and to improve access to counsel and 
        other legal services;
            (2) may provide services to detained aliens in immigration 
        proceedings under sections 235, 238, 240, and 241(a)(5) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225, 1228, 1229a, 
        and 1231(a)(5)) and to other aliens in immigration and asylum 
        proceedings under sections 235, 238, and 240 of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225, 1228, and 1229a); and
            (3) shall identify unaccompanied alien children, aliens 
        with a serious mental disability, and other particularly 
        vulnerable aliens for consideration by the Attorney General 
        pursuant to section 292(c) of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act, as added by section 3502(c).
    (c) Procedures.--The Secretary shall establish procedures that 
ensure that legal orientation programs are available for all detained 
aliens within 5 days of arrival into custody and to inform such aliens 
of the basic procedures of immigration hearings, their rights relating 
to those hearings under the immigration laws, information that may 
deter such aliens from filing frivolous legal claims, and any other 
information deemed appropriate by the Attorney General, such as a 
contact list of potential legal resources and providers.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
construed to create any substantive or procedural right or benefit that 
is legally enforceable by any party against the United States or its 
agencies or officers or any other person.
    (e) Funding.--There shall be appropriated, from the Comprehensive 
Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 3504. CODIFYING BOARD OF IMMIGRATION APPEALS.

    (a) Definition of Board Member.--Section 101(a) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(53) The term `Board Member' means an attorney whom the 
        Attorney General appoints as an administrative judge within the 
        Executive Office for Immigration Review to serve on the Board 
        of Immigration Appeals, qualified to review decisions of 
        immigration judges and other matters within the jurisdiction of 
        the Board of Immigration Appeals.''.
    (b) Board of Immigration Appeals.--Section 240(a)(1) (8 U.S.C. 
1229a(a)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``The Board 
of Immigration Appeals and its Board Members shall review decisions of 
immigration judges under this section.''.
    (c) Appeals.--Section 240(b)(4) (8 U.S.C. 1229a(b)(4)), as amended 
by section 3502(b), is further amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``, and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) the alien may appeal the immigration judge's 
                decision to a 3-judge panel of the Board of Immigration 
                Appeals.''.
    (d) Decision and Burden of Proof.--Section 240(c)(1)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
1229a(c)(1)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--At the conclusion of the 
                proceeding, the immigration judge shall decide whether 
                an alien is removable from the United States. The 
                determination of the immigration judge shall be based 
                only on the evidence produced at the hearing. On 
                appeal, the Board of Immigration Appeals shall issue a 
                written opinion. The opinion shall address all 
                dispositive arguments raised by the parties. The panel 
                may incorporate by reference the opinion of the 
                immigration judge whose decision is being reviewed, 
                provided that the panel also addresses any arguments 
                made by the nonprevailing party regarding purported 
                errors of law, fact, or discretion.''.

SEC. 3505. IMPROVED TRAINING FOR IMMIGRATION JUDGES AND BOARD MEMBERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 240 (8 U.S.C. 1229a) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(f) Improved Training.--
            ``(1) Improved training for immigration judges and board 
        members.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In consultation with the 
                Attorney General and the Director of the Federal 
                Judicial Center, the Director of the Executive Office 
                for Immigration Review shall review and modify, as 
                appropriate, training programs for immigration judges 
                and Board Members.
                    ``(B) Elements of review.--Each such review shall 
                study--
                            ``(i) the expansion of the training program 
                        for new immigration judges and Board Members;
                            ``(ii) continuing education regarding 
                        current developments in the field of 
                        immigration law; and
                            ``(iii) methods to ensure that immigration 
                        judges are trained on properly crafting and 
                        dictating decisions.
            ``(2) Improved training and guidance for staff.--The 
        Director of the Executive Office for Immigration Review shall--
                    ``(A) modify guidance and training regarding 
                screening standards and standards of review; and
                    ``(B) ensure that Board Members provide staff 
                attorneys with appropriate guidance in drafting 
                decisions in individual cases, consistent with the 
                policies and directives of the Director of the 
                Executive Office for Immigration Review and the 
                Chairman of the Board of Immigration Appeals.''.
    (b) Funding.--There shall be appropriated, from the Comprehensive 
Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out this section and the amendment 
made by this section.

SEC. 3506. IMPROVED RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGY FOR IMMIGRATION COURTS AND 
              BOARD OF IMMIGRATION APPEALS.

    (a) Improved On-bench Reference Materials and Decision Templates.--
The Director of the Executive Office for Immigration Review shall 
ensure that immigration judges are provided with updated reference 
materials and standard decision templates that conform to the law of 
the circuits in which they sit.
    (b) Practice Manual.--The Director of the Executive Office for 
Immigration Review shall produce a practice manual describing best 
practices for the immigration courts and shall make such manual 
available electronically to counsel and litigants who appear before the 
immigration courts.
    (c) Recording System and Other Technologies.--
            (1) Plan required.--The Director of the Executive Office 
        for Immigration Review shall provide the Attorney General with 
        a plan and a schedule to replace the immigration courts' tape 
        recording system with a digital recording system that is 
        compatible with the information management systems of the 
        Executive Office for Immigration Review.
            (2) Audio recording system.--Consistent with the plan 
        described in paragraph (1), the Director shall pilot a digital 
        audio recording system not later than 1 year after the 
        enactment of this Act, and shall begin nationwide 
        implementation of that system as soon as practicable.
    (d) Improved Transcription Services.--Not later than 1 year after 
the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Executive Office for 
Immigration Review shall report to the Attorney General on the current 
transcription services utilized by the Office and recommend 
improvements to this system regarding quality and timeliness of 
transcription.
    (e) Improved Interpreter Selection.--Not later than 1 year after 
the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Executive Office for 
Immigration Review shall report to the Attorney General on the current 
interpreter selection process utilized by the Office and recommend 
improvements to this process regarding screening, hiring, 
certification, and evaluation of staff and contract interpreters.
    (f) Funding.--There shall be appropriated, from the Comprehensive 
Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

 Subtitle F--Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Abuses Involving 
                        Workers Recruited Abroad

SEC. 3601. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) In General.--Except as otherwise provided by this subtitle, the 
terms used in this subtitle shall have the same meanings, respectively, 
as are given those terms in section 3 of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203).
    (b) Other Definitions.--
            (1) Foreign labor contractor.--The term ``foreign labor 
        contractor'' means any person who performs any foreign labor 
        contracting activity, including any person who performs foreign 
        labor contracting activity wholly outside of the United States, 
        except that the term does not include any entity of the United 
        States Government.
            (2) Foreign labor contracting activity.--The term ``foreign 
        labor contracting activity'' means recruiting, soliciting, 
        hiring, employing, sponsoring, managing, furnishing, processing 
        visa applications for, transporting, or housing an individual 
        who resides outside of the United States in furtherance of 
        employment in the United States, including when such activity 
        occurs wholly outside of the United States.
            (3) Person.--The term ``person'' means any natural person 
        or any corporation, company, firm, partnership, joint stock 
        company or association or other organization or entity (whether 
        organized under law or not), including municipal corporations.
            (4) Secretary.--The term the ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of Labor.
            (5) Worker.--the term ``worker'' means an individual or 
        exchange visitor who is the subject of foreign labor 
        contracting activity.

SEC. 3602. DISCLOSURE.

    (a) Requirement for Disclosure.--Any person who engages in foreign 
labor contracting activity shall ascertain and disclose in writing in 
English and in the primary language of the worker at the time of the 
worker's recruitment, the following information:
            (1) The identity and address of the employer and the 
        identity and address of the person conducting the recruiting on 
        behalf of the employer, including any subcontractor or agent 
        involved in such recruiting.
            (2) All assurances and terms and conditions of employment, 
        from the prospective employer for whom the worker is being 
        recruited, including the work hours, level of compensation to 
        be paid, the place and period of employment, a description of 
        the type and nature of employment activities, any withholdings 
        or deductions from compensation and any penalties for 
        terminating employment.
            (3) A signed copy of the work contract between the worker 
        and the employer.
            (4) The type of visa under which the foreign worker is to 
        be employed, the length of time for which the visa will be 
        valid and the terms and conditions under which this visa will 
        be renewed with a clear statement of whether the employer will 
        secure renewal of this visa or if renewal must be obtained by 
        the worker and any expenses associated with securing or 
        renewing the visa.
            (5) An itemized list of any costs or expenses to be charged 
        to the worker and any deductions to be taken from wages, 
        including any costs for housing or accommodation, 
        transportation to and from the worksite, meals, health 
        insurance, workers' compensation, costs of benefits provided, 
        medical examinations, healthcare, tools, or safety equipment 
        costs.
            (6) The existence of any labor organizing effort, strike, 
        lockout, or other labor dispute at the place of employment.
            (7) Whether and the extent to which workers will be 
        compensated through workers' compensation, private insurance, 
        or otherwise for injuries or death, including work related 
        injuries and death, during the period of employment and, if so, 
        the name of the State workers' compensation insurance carrier 
        or the name of the policyholder of the private insurance, the 
        name and the telephone number of each person who must be 
        notified of an injury or death, and the time period within 
        which such notice must be given.
            (8) A statement, in a form specified by the Secretary--
                    (A) stating that--
                            (i) no foreign labor contractor, agent, or 
                        employee of a foreign labor contractor, may 
                        lawfully assess any fee (including visa fees, 
                        processing fees, transportation fees, legal 
                        expenses, placement fees, and other costs) to a 
                        worker for any foreign labor contracting 
                        activity; and
                            (ii) the employer may bear such costs or 
                        fees for the foreign labor contractor, but that 
                        these fees cannot be passed along to the 
                        worker; and
                    (B) explaining that--
                            (i) no additional requirements or changes 
                        may be made from the terms of the contract 
                        originally signed by the worker unless the 
                        worker is provided at least 48 hours to review 
                        and consider the additional requirements or 
                        changes;
                            (ii) no such additional requirements or 
                        changes may be made to the original contract 
                        signed by the worker without the specific 
                        consent of the worker to each such additional 
                        requirement or change; and
                            (iii) such consent shall be obtained 
                        voluntarily and without threat of penalty and 
                        if not so obtained will be a violation of law 
                        subject to the provisions of section 3611;
                    (C) describing the protections afforded the worker 
                by this section and by section 202 of the William 
                Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection 
                Reauthorization Act of 2008 (8 U.S.C. 1375b) and any 
                applicable visa program, including--
                            (i) relevant information about the 
                        procedure for filing a complaint provided for 
                        in section 3611 and
                            (ii) the telephone number for the national 
                        human trafficking resource center hotline 
                        number.
            (9) Any education or training to be provided or required, 
        including the nature, timing and cost of such training and the 
        person who will pay such costs, whether the training is a 
        condition of employment, continued employment, or future 
        employment; and whether the worker will be paid or remunerated 
        during the training period, including the rate of pay.
            (10) Any other information that the Secretary may require 
        by regulation.
    (b) Relationship to Labor and Employment Laws.--Nothing in the 
disclosure required by subsection (a) shall constitute a legal 
conclusion as to the worker's status or rights under the labor and 
employment laws.
    (c) Prohibition on False and Misleading Information.--No foreign 
labor contractor or employer who engages in any foreign labor 
contracting activity shall knowingly provide materially false or 
misleading information to any worker concerning any matter required to 
be disclosed under section (a). The disclosure required by this section 
is a document concerning the proper administration of a matter within 
the jurisdiction of a department or agency of the United States for the 
purposes of section 1519 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 3603. PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION.

    (a) In General.--It shall be unlawful for an employer or a foreign 
labor contractor to fail or refuse to hire, discharge, intimidate, 
threaten, restrain, coerce, or blacklist any individual or otherwise 
discriminate against an individual with respect to compensation, terms, 
conditions, or privileges of employment, because of such individual's 
race, color, creed, sex, national origin, religion, age, or disability.
    (b) Determinations of Discrimination.--For the purposes of 
determining the existence of unlawful discrimination under subsection 
(a)--
            (1) in the case of a claim of discrimination based on race, 
        color, creed, sex, national origin, or religion, the same legal 
        standards shall apply as are applicable under title VII of the 
        Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq.);
            (2) in the case of a claim of discrimination based on 
        unlawful discrimination based on age, the same legal standards 
        shall apply as are applicable under the Age Discrimination in 
        Employment Act of 1967 (29 U.S.C. 621 et seq.); and
            (3) in the case of a claim of discrimination based on 
        disability, the same legal standards shall apply as are 
        applicable under title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act 
        of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12111 et seq.).

SEC. 3604. RECRUITMENT FEES.

    No employer, foreign labor contractor, or agent or employee of a 
foreign labor contractor, shall assess any fee (including visa fees, 
processing fees, transportation fees, legal expenses, placement fees, 
and other costs) to a worker for any foreign labor contracting 
activity.

SEC. 3605. REGISTRATION.

    (a) Requirement to Register.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), prior to 
        engaging in any foreign labor contracting activity, any person 
        who is a foreign labor contractor or who, for any money or 
        other valuable consideration paid or promised to be paid, 
        performs a foreign labor contracting activity on behalf of a 
        foreign labor contractor, shall obtain a certificate of 
        registration from the Secretary of Labor pursuant to 
        regulations promulgated by the Secretary under subsection (c).
            (2) Exception for certain employers.--An employer, or 
        employee of an employer, who engages in foreign labor 
        contracting activity solely to find employees for that 
        employer's own use, and without the participation of any other 
        foreign labor contractor, shall not be required to register 
        under this section. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, 
        such an employer shall be subject to the requirements of 
        subsections (a) and (c) of section 3602 and sections 3603 and 
        3604 and shall be subject to the remedies under section 3610 
        for all violations stemming from the employer's own foreign 
        labor contracting activity.
    (b) Notification.--
            (1) Annual employer notification.--Each employer shall 
        notify the Secretary, not less frequently than once every year, 
        of the identity of any foreign labor contractor involved in any 
        foreign labor contracting activity for, or on behalf of, the 
        employer, including at a minimum, the name and address of the 
        foreign labor contractor and a description of the services.
            (2) Annual foreign labor contractor notification.--Each 
        foreign labor contractor shall notify the Secretary, not less 
        frequently than once every year, of the identity of any 
        subcontractee, agent, or foreign labor contractor employee 
        involved in any foreign labor contracting activity for, or on 
        behalf of, the foreign labor contractor.
            (3) Noncompliance notification.--An employer shall notify 
        the Secretary of the identity of a foreign labor contractor 
        whose activities do not comply with this subtitle.
            (4) Agreement.--Not later than 48 hours after receiving a 
        request from the Secretary, an employer shall provide the 
        Secretary with the identity of any foreign labor contractor 
        with which the employer has a contract or other agreement.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
establish an efficient electronic process for the timely investigation 
and approval of an application for a certificate of registration of 
foreign labor contractors, including--
            (1) a declaration, subscribed and sworn to by the 
        applicant, stating the applicant's permanent place of 
        residence, the foreign labor contracting activities for which 
        the certificate is requested, and such other relevant 
        information as the Secretary may require;
            (2) a set of fingerprints of the applicant;
            (3) an expeditious means to update registrations and renew 
        certificates;
            (4) providing for the consent of any foreign labor 
        recruiter to the designation by a court of the Secretary as an 
        agent available to accept service of summons in any action 
        against the applicant, if the applicant has left the 
        jurisdiction in which the action is commenced, otherwise has 
        become unavailable to accept service or is subject to personal 
        jurisdiction in no State;
            (5) providing for the consent of any foreign labor 
        recruiter to jurisdiction in the Department of Labor or any 
        state or Federal court of the United States for any action 
        brought by any aggrieved individual or worker;
            (6) providing for cooperation in any investigation by the 
        Secretary or other appropriate authorities;
            (7) providing for consent to the forfeiture of the bond for 
        failure to cooperate with these provisions;
            (8) providing for consent to be liable for violations of 
        this subtitle by any agents or subcontractees of any level in 
        relation to the foreign labor contracting activity of the agent 
        or subcontractee to the same extent as if the foreign labor 
        contractor had committed the violation;
            (9) providing for consultation with other appropriate 
        Federal agencies to determine whether any reason exists to deny 
        registration to a foreign labor contractor; and
            (10) any other requirements that the Secretary may 
        prescribe.
    (d) Term of Registration.--Unless suspended or revoked, a 
certificate under this section shall be valid for 2 years.
    (e) Application Fee.--
            (1) Requirement for fee.--In addition to any other fees 
        authorized by law, the Secretary shall impose a fee, to be 
        deposited in the general fund of the Treasury, on a foreign 
        labor contractor that submits an application for a certificate 
        of registration under this section.
            (2) Amount of fee.--The amount of the fee required by 
        paragraph (1) shall be set at a level that the Secretary 
        determines sufficient to cover the full costs of carrying out 
        foreign labor contract registration activities under this 
        subtitle, including worker education and any additional costs 
        associated with the administration of the fees collected.
    (f) Refusal to Issue; Revocation.--In accordance with regulations 
promulgated by the Secretary, the Secretary shall refuse to issue or 
renew, or shall revoke and debar from eligibility to obtain a 
certificate of registration for a period of not greater than 5 years, 
after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, a certificate of 
registration under this section if--
            (1) the applicant for, or holder of, the certification has 
        knowingly made a material misrepresentation in the application 
        for such certificate;
            (2) the applicant for, or holder of, the certification is 
        not the real party in interest in the application or 
        certificate of registration and the real party in interest--
                    (A) is a person who has been refused issuance or 
                renewal of a certificate;
                    (B) has had a certificate revoked; or
                    (C) does not qualify for a certificate under this 
                section;
            (3) the applicant for, or holder of, the certification has 
        been convicted within the preceding 5 years of --
                    (A) any felony under State or Federal law or crime 
                involving robbery, bribery, extortion, embezzlement, 
                grand larceny, burglary, arson, violation of narcotics 
                laws, murder, rape, assault with intent to kill, 
                assault which inflicts grievous bodily injury, 
                prostitution, peonage, or smuggling or harboring 
                individuals who have entered the United States 
                illegally; or
                    (B) any crime relating to gambling, or to the sale, 
                distribution or possession of alcoholic beverages, in 
                connection with or incident to any labor contracting 
                activities.
            (4) the applicant for, or holder of, the certification has 
        materially failed to comply with this section.
    (g) Re-registration of Violators.--The Secretary shall establish a 
procedure by which a foreign labor contractor that has had its 
registration revoked under subsection (f) may seek to re-register under 
this subsection by demonstrating to the Secretary's satisfaction that 
the foreign labor contractor has not violated this subtitle in the 
previous 5 years and that the foreign labor contractor has taken 
sufficient steps to prevent future violations of this subtitle.

SEC. 3606. BONDING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall require a foreign labor 
contractor to post a bond in an amount sufficient to ensure the ability 
of the foreign labor contractor to discharge its responsibilities and 
to ensure protection of workers, including wages.
    (b) Regulations.--The Secretary, by regulation, shall establish the 
conditions under which the bond amount is determined, paid, and 
forfeited.
    (c) Relationship to Other Remedies.--The bond requirements and 
forfeiture of the bond under this section shall be in addition to other 
remedies under 3610 or any other law.

SEC. 3607. MAINTENANCE OF LISTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall maintain--
            (1) a list of all foreign labor contractors registered 
        under this subsection, including--
                    (A) the countries from which the contractors 
                recruit;
                    (B) the employers for whom the contractors recruit;
                    (C) the visa categories and occupations for which 
                the contractors recruit; and
                    (D) the States where recruited workers are 
                employed; and
            (2) a list of all foreign labor contractors whose 
        certificate of registration the Secretary has revoked.
    (b) Updates; Availability.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) update the lists required by subsection (a) on an 
        ongoing basis, not less frequently than every 6 months; and
            (2) make such lists publicly available, including through 
        continuous publication on Internet websites and in written form 
        at and on the websites of United States embassies in the 
        official language of that country.
    (c) Inter-agency Availability.--The Secretary shall share the 
information described in subsection (a) with the Secretary of State

SEC. 3608. AMENDMENT TO THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT.

    Section 214 (8 U.S.C. 1184) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(s) A visa shall not be issued under the subparagraph (A)(iii), 
(B)(i) (but only for domestic servants described in clause (i) or (ii) 
of section 274a.12(c)(17) of title 8, Code of Federal Regulations (as 
in effect on December 4, 2007)), (G)(v), (H), (J), (L), (Q), (R) or add 
any new immigration subsections of section 101(a)(15) until the 
consular officer--
            ``(1) has provided to and reviewed with the applicant, in 
        the applicant's language (or a language the applicant 
        understands), a copy of the information and resources pamphlet 
        required by section 202 of the William Wilberforce Trafficking 
        Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (8 U.S.C. 1375b) 
        ; and
            ``(2) has reviewed and made a part of the visa file the 
        foreign labor recruiter disclosures required by section 3602 of 
        the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
        Modernization Act, including whether the foreign labor 
        recruiter is registered pursuant to that section.''.

SEC. 3609. RESPONSIBILITIES OF SECRETARY OF STATE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of State shall ensure that each 
United States diplomatic mission has a person who shall be responsible 
for receiving information from any worker who has been subject to 
violations of this subtitle.
    (b) Provision of Information.--The responsible person referred to 
in subsection (a) shall ensure that the information received is 
provided to the Department of Justice, the Department of Labor, or any 
other relevant Federal agency.
    (c) Mechanisms.--The Attorney General and the Secretary shall 
ensure that there is a mechanism for any actions that need to be taken 
in response to information received under subsection (a).
    (d) Assistance From Foreign Government.--The person designated for 
receiving information pursuant to this subsection is strongly 
encouraged to coordinate with governments and civil society 
organizations in the countries of origin to ensure the worker receives 
additional support.
    (e) Maintenance and Availability of Information.--The Secretary of 
State shall ensure that consulates maintain information regarding the 
identities of foreign labor contractors and the employers to whom the 
foreign labor contractors supply workers. The Secretary of State shall 
make such information publically available in written form and on-line, 
including on the websites of United States embassies in the official 
language of that country.
    (f) Annual Public Disclose.--The Secretary of State shall make 
publically available on-line, on an annual basis, data disclosing the 
gender, country of origin and state, if available, date of birth, wage, 
level of training, and occupation category, disaggregated by job and by 
visa category.

SEC. 3610. ENFORCEMENT PROVISIONS.

    (a) Complaints and Investigations.--The Secretary--
            (1) shall establish a process for the receipt, 
        investigation, and disposition of complaints filed by any 
        person, including complaints respecting a foreign labor 
        contractor's compliance with this subtitle; and
            (2) either pursuant to the process required by paragraph 
        (1) or otherwise, may investigate employers or foreign labor 
        contractors, including actions occurring in a foreign country, 
        as necessary to determine compliance with this subtitle.
    (b) Administrative Enforcement.--
            (1) In general.--If the Secretary finds, after notice and 
        an opportunity for a hearing, any foreign labor contractor or 
        employer failed to comply with any of the requirements of this 
        subtitle, the Secretary may impose the following against such 
        contractor or employer--
                    (A) a fine in an amount not more than $10,000 per 
                violation; and
                    (B) upon the occasion of a third violation or a 
                failure to comply with representations, a fine of not 
                more than $25,000 per violation.
    (c) Authority to Ensure Compliance.--The Secretary is authorized to 
take other such actions, including issuing subpoenas and seeking 
appropriate injunctive relief and recovery of damages, as may be 
necessary to assure compliance with the terms and conditions of this 
subtitle.
    (d) Bonding.--Pursuant to the bonding requirement in section 3606, 
bond liquidation and forfeitures shall be in addition to other remedies 
under this section or any other law.
    (e) Civil Action.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary or any person aggrieved by a 
        violation of this subtitle may bring a civil action against any 
        foreign labor contractor or employer that does not meet the 
        requirements of section (f)(2) in any court of competent 
        jurisdiction--
                    (A) to seek remedial action, including injunctive 
                relief;
                    (B) to recover damages on behalf of any worker 
                harmed by a violation of this subsection; and,
                    (C) to ensure compliance with requirements of this 
                section.
            (2) Actions by the secretary of labor.--
                    (A) Sums recovered.--Any sums recovered by the 
                Secretary on behalf of a worker under paragraph (1) or 
                through liquidation of the bond held pursuant to 
                section 3606 shall be held in a special deposit account 
                and shall be paid, on order of the Secretary, directly 
                to each worker affected. Any such sums not paid to a 
                worker because of inability to do so within a period of 
                5 years shall be credited as an offsetting collection 
                to the appropriations account of the Secretary for 
                expenses for the administration of this section and 
                shall remain available to the Secretary until expended 
                or may be used for enforcement of the laws within the 
                jurisdiction of the wage and hour division or may be 
                transferred to the Secretary of Health and Human 
                Services for the purpose of providing support to 
                programs that provide assistance to victims of 
                trafficking in persons or other exploited persons. The 
                Secretary shall work with any attorney or organization 
                representing workers to locate workers owed sums under 
                this section.
                    (B) Representation.--Except as provided in section 
                518(a) of title 28, United States Code, the Solicitor 
                of Labor may appear for and represent the Secretary in 
                any civil litigation brought under this paragraph. All 
                such litigation shall be subject to the direction and 
                control of the Attorney General.
            (3) Actions by individuals.--
                    (A) Award.--If the court finds in a civil action 
                filed by an individual under this section that the 
                defendant has violated any provision of this subtitle 
                (or any regulation issued pursuant to this subtitle), 
                the court may award--
                            (i) damages, up to and including an amount 
                        equal to the amount of actual damages, and 
                        statutory damages of up to $1,000 per plaintiff 
                        per violation, or other equitable relief, 
                        except that with respect to statutory damages--
                                    (I) multiple infractions of a 
                                single provision of this subtitle (or 
                                of a regulation under this subtitles) 
                                shall constitute only 1 violation for 
                                purposes of section 3602(a) to 
                                determine the amount of statutory 
                                damages due a plaintiff; and
                                    (II) if such complaint is certified 
                                as a class action the court may award--
                                            (aa) damages up to an 
                                        amount equal to the amount of 
                                        actual damages; and
                                            (bb) statutory damages of 
                                        no more than the lesser of up 
                                        to $1,000 per class member per 
                                        violation, or up to $500,000; 
                                        and other equitable relief;
                            (ii) reasonable attorneys' fees and costs; 
                        and
                            (iii) such other and further relief, 
                        including declaratory and injunctive relief, as 
                        necessary to effectuate the purposes of this 
                        subtitle.
                    (B) Criteria.--In determining the amount of 
                statutory damages to be awarded under subparagraph (A), 
                the court is authorized to consider whether an attempt 
                was made to resolve the issues in dispute before the 
                resort to litigation.
                    (C) Bond.--To satisfy the damages, fees, and costs 
                found owing under this clause, the Secretary shall 
                release as much of the bond held pursuant to section 
                3606 as necessary.
                    (D) Appeal.--Any civil action brought under this 
                section shall be subject to appeal as provided in 
                chapter 83 of title 28, United States Code (28 U.S.C. 
                1291 et seq.).
                    (E) Access to legal services corporation.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Legal 
                Services Corporation and recipients of its funding may 
                provide legal assistance on behalf of any alien with 
                respect to any provision of this subtitle.
    (f) Agency Liability.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning 180 days after the Secretary of 
        Labor has promulgated regulations pursuant to section 3605(c), 
        an employer who retains the services of a foreign labor 
        contractor shall only use those foreign labor contractors who 
        are registered under section 3605. An employer who uses a 
        foreign labor contractor who is not registered under section 
        3605 after such time period, or who uses a foreign labor 
        contractor that has violated any provision of this subsection, 
        shall be subject to the provisions of this subsection for 
        violations committed by such foreign labor contractor to the 
        same extent as if the employer were the foreign labor 
        contractor who had committed the violation.
            (2) Safe harbor.--An employer shall not have any liability 
        under this section if the employer hires workers referred by a 
        foreign labor contractor that has a valid registration with the 
        Department of Labor pursuant to section 3605, the employer does 
        not act with reckless disregard of the fact that the foreign 
        labor contractor has violated any provision of this section, 
        and if the employer obtained knowledge of a violation of the 
        provisions of this section, it immediately reported the 
        violation to the Secretary.
            (3) Liability for agents.--Foreign labor contractors shall 
        be subject to the provisions of this section for violations 
        committed by the foreign labor contractor's agents or 
        subcontractees of any level in relation to their foreign labor 
        contracting activity to the same extent as if the foreign labor 
        contractor had committed the violation.
    (g) Retaliation.--
            (1) In general.--No person shall intimidate, threaten, 
        restrain, coerce, discharge or in any other manner discriminate 
        or retaliate against any worker or their family members 
        (including a former employee or an applicant for employment) 
        because such worker disclosed information to any person that 
        the worker reasonably believes evidences a violation of this 
        section (or any rule or regulation pertaining to this section), 
        including seeking legal assistance of counsel or cooperating 
        with an investigation or other proceeding concerning compliance 
        with this section (or any rule or regulation pertaining to this 
        section).
            (2) Enforcement.--An individual who is subject to any 
        conduct described in paragraph (1) may, in a civil action, 
        recover appropriate relief, including reasonable attorneys' 
        fees and costs, with respect to that violation. Any civil 
        action under this subparagraph shall be stayed during the 
        pendency of any criminal action arising out of the violation.
    (h) Waiver of Rights.--Agreements by employees purporting to waive 
or to modify their rights under this subtitle shall be void as contrary 
to public policy.
    (i) Presence During Pendency of Actions.--
            (1) In general.--If other immigration relief is not 
        available, the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall grant advance parole to permit a nonimmigrant to 
        remain legally in the United States for time sufficient to 
        fully and effectively participate in all legal proceedings 
        related to any action taken pursuant to this section.
            (2) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate 
        regulations to carry out paragraph (1).

SEC. 3611. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to preempt or alter any 
other rights or remedies, including any causes of action, available 
under any other Federal or State law.

SEC. 3612. REGULATIONS.

    The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary 
to carry out this subtitle.

                    Subtitle G--Interior Enforcement

SEC. 3701. CRIMINAL STREET GANGS.

    (a) Inadmissibility.--Section 212(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (L); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:
                    ``(F) Aliens in criminal street gangs.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Any alien is 
                        inadmissible--
                                    ``(I) who has been convicted of an 
                                offense for which an element was active 
                                participation in a criminal street gang 
                                (as defined in section 521(a) of title 
                                18, United States Code) and the alien--
                                            ``(aa) had knowledge that 
                                        the gang's members engaged in 
                                        or have engaged in a continuing 
                                        series of offenses described in 
                                        section 521(c) of title 18, 
                                        United States Code; and
                                            ``(bb) acted with the 
                                        intention to promote or further 
                                        the felonious activities of the 
                                        criminal street gang or 
                                        maintain or increase his or her 
                                        position in the gang; or
                                    ``(II) subject to clause (ii), who 
                                is 18 years of age or older, who is 
                                physically present outside the United 
                                States, whom the Secretary determines 
                                by clear and convincing evidence, based 
                                upon law enforcement information deemed 
                                credible by the Secretary, has, since 
                                the age of 18, knowingly and willingly 
                                participated in a criminal street gang 
                                with knowledge that such participation 
                                promoted or furthered the illegal 
                                activity of the gang.
                            ``(ii) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive 
                        clause (i)(II) if the alien has renounced all 
                        association with the criminal street gang, is 
                        otherwise admissible, and is not a threat to 
                        the security of the United States.''.
    (b) Grounds for Deportation.--Section 237(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 
1227(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) Aliens associated with criminal street 
                gangs.--Any alien is removable who has been convicted 
                of an offense for which an element was active 
                participation in a criminal street gang (as defined in 
                section 521(a) of title 18, United States Code), and 
                the alien--
                            ``(i) had knowledge that the gang's members 
                        engaged in or have engaged in a continuing 
                        series of offenses described in section 521(c) 
                        of title 18, United States Code; and
                            ``(ii) acted with the intention to promote 
                        or further the felonious activities the 
                        criminal street gang or increase his or her 
                        position in such gang.''.
    (c) Ground of Ineligibility for Registered Provisional Immigrant 
Status.--
            (1) In general.--An alien who is 18 years of age or older 
        is ineligible for registered provisional immigrant status if 
        the Secretary determines that the alien--
                    (A) has been convicted of an offense for which an 
                element was active participation in a criminal street 
                gang (as defined in section 521(a) of title 18, United 
                States Code and the alien--
                            (i) had knowledge that the gang's members 
                        engaged in or have engaged in a continuing 
                        series of offenses described in section 521(c) 
                        of title 18, United States Code; and
                            (ii) acted with the intention to promote or 
                        further the felonious activities of the 
                        criminal street gang or maintain or increase 
                        his or her position in such gang; or
                    (B) subject to paragraph (2), any alien who is 18 
                years of age or older whom the Secretary determines by 
                clear and convincing evidence, based upon law 
                enforcement information deemed credible by the 
                Secretary, has, since the age of 18, knowingly and 
                willingly participated in a such gang with knowledge 
                that such participation promoted or furthered the 
                illegal activity of such gang.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive this paragraph (1)(B) 
        if the alien has renounced all association with the criminal 
        street gang, is otherwise admissible, and is not a threat to 
        the security of the United States.

SEC. 3702. BANNING HABITUAL DRUNK DRIVERS FROM THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Grounds for Inadmissibility.--Section 212(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 
1182), as amended by section 3401, is further amended by inserting 
after subparagraph (I) the following:
                    ``(J) Habitual drunk drivers.--An alien convicted 
                of 3 or more offenses on separate dates, at least 1 of 
                which occurred after the date of the enactment of the 
                Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                Modernization Act, related to driving under the 
                influence or driving while intoxicated is 
                inadmissable.''.
    (b) Grounds for Deportation.--Section 237(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 
1227(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) Habitual drunk drivers.--An alien convicted 
                of 3 or more offenses on separate dates related to 
                driving under the influence or driving while 
                intoxicated is deportable.''.

SEC. 3703. SEXUAL ABUSE OF A MINOR.

    Section 101(a)(43)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(43)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``murder, rape, or sexual abuse of a minor;'' and inserting 
``murder, rape, or sexual abuse of a minor, whether or not the minority 
of the victim is established by evidence contained in the record of 
conviction or by credible evidence extrinsic to the record of 
conviction;'';

SEC. 3704. ILLEGAL ENTRY.

    (a) In General.--Section 275 (8 U.S.C. 1325) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 275. ILLEGAL ENTRY.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Criminal offenses.--An alien shall be subject to the 
        penalties set forth in paragraph (2) if the alien--
                    ``(A) enters or crosses the border into the United 
                States at any time or place other than as designated by 
                the Secretary of Homeland Security;
                    ``(B) eludes examination or inspection by an 
                immigration officer, or a customs or agriculture 
                inspection at a port of entry; or
                    ``(C) enters or crosses the border to the United 
                States by means of a knowingly false or misleading 
                representation or the concealment of a material fact.
            ``(2) Criminal penalties.--Any alien who violates any 
        provision under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall, for the first violation, be fined 
                under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more 
                than 12 months, or both;
                    ``(B) shall, for a second or subsequent violation, 
                or following an order of voluntary departure, be fined 
                under such title, imprisoned not more than 3 years, or 
                both;
                    ``(C) if the violation occurred after the alien had 
                been convicted of 3 or more misdemeanors with the 
                convictions occurring on different dates or of a felony 
                for which the alien served a term of imprisonment of 15 
                days or more, shall be fined under such title, 
                imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both; and
                    ``(D) if the violation occurred after the alien had 
                been convicted of a felony for which the alien was 
                sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not less than 30 
                months,
        shall be fined under such title, imprisoned not more than 15 
        years, or both.
            ``(3) Prior convictions.--The prior convictions described 
        in subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (2) are elements of 
        the offenses described in that paragraph and the penalties in 
        such subparagraphs shall apply only in cases in which the 
        conviction or convictions that form the basis for the 
        additional penalty are--
                    ``(A) alleged in the indictment or information; and
                    ``(B) proven beyond a reasonable doubt at trial or 
                admitted by the defendant under oath as part of a plea 
                agreement.
    ``(b) Improper Time or Place; Civil Penalties.--Any alien older 
than 18 years of age who is apprehended while knowingly entering, 
attempting to enter, or crossing or attempting to cross the border to 
the United States at a time or place other than as designated by 
immigration officers shall be subject to a civil penalty, in addition 
to any criminal or other civil penalties that may be imposed under any 
other provision of law, in an amount equal to--
            ``(1) not less than $250 or more than $5000 for each such 
        entry, crossing, attempted entry, or attempted crossing; or
            ``(2) twice the amount specified in paragraph (1) if the 
        alien had previously been subject to a civil penalty under this 
        subsection.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 275 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 275. Illegal entry.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3705. REENTRY OF REMOVED ALIEN.

    Section 276 (8 U.S.C. 1326) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 276. REENTRY OF REMOVED ALIEN.

    ``(a) Reentry After Removal.--Any alien who has been denied 
admission, excluded, deported, or removed, or who has departed the 
United States while an order of exclusion, deportation, or removal is 
outstanding, and subsequently enters, attempts to enter, crosses the 
border to, attempts to cross the border to, or is at any time found in 
the United States, shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, 
and imprisoned not more than 2 years.
    ``(b) Reentry of Criminal Offenders.--Notwithstanding the penalty 
provided in subsection (a), if an alien described in that subsection--
            ``(1) was convicted for 3 or more misdemeanors, with the 
        convictions occurring on different dates, before such removal 
        or departure, the alien shall be fined under title 18, United 
        States Code, and imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both;
            ``(2) was convicted for a felony before such removal or 
        departure for which the alien was sentenced to a term of 
        imprisonment of not less than 30 months, the alien shall be 
        fined under such title, and imprisoned not more than 15 years, 
        or both;
            ``(3) was convicted for a felony before such removal or 
        departure for which the alien was sentenced to a term of 
        imprisonment of not less than 60 months, the alien shall be 
        fined under such title, and imprisoned not more than 20 years, 
        or both;
            ``(4) was convicted for 3 felonies, with the convictions 
        occurring on different dates before such removal or departure, 
        the alien shall be fined under such title, and imprisoned not 
        more than 20 years, or both; or
            ``(5) was convicted, before such removal or departure, for 
        murder, rape, kidnapping, or a felony offense described in 
        chapter 77 (relating to peonage and slavery) or 113B (relating 
        to terrorism) of such title, the alien shall be fined under 
        such title, and imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.
    ``(c) Reentry After Repeated Removal.--Any alien who has been 
denied admission, excluded, deported, or removed 3 or more times and 
thereafter enters, attempts to enter, crosses the border to, attempts 
to cross the border to, or is at any time found in the United States, 
shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, and imprisoned not 
more than 10 years, or both.
    ``(d) Proof of Prior Convictions.--The prior convictions described 
in subsection (b) are elements of the offenses described in that 
subsection, and the penalties in such subsection shall apply only in 
cases in which the conviction or convictions that form the basis for 
the additional penalty are--
            ``(1) alleged in the indictment or information; and
            ``(2) proven beyond a reasonable doubt at trial or admitted 
        by the defendant under oath as part of a plea agreement.
    ``(e) Affirmative Defenses.--It shall be an affirmative defense to 
a violation of this section that--
            ``(1) prior to the alleged violation, the alien had sought 
        and received the express consent of the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security to reapply for admission into the United States; or
            ``(2) at the time of the prior exclusion, deportation, 
        removal, or denial of admission alleged in the violation, the 
        alien had not yet reached 18 years of age and had not been 
        convicted of a crime or adjudicated a delinquent minor by a 
        court of the United States, or a court of a state or territory, 
        for conduct that would constitute a felony if committed by an 
        adult.
    ``(f) Limitation on Collateral Attack on Underlying Deportation 
Order.--In a criminal proceeding under this section, an alien may not 
challenge the validity of the deportation order described in subsection 
(a) or subsection (c) unless the alien demonstrates that--
            ``(1) the alien exhausted any administrative remedies that 
        may have been available to seek relief against the order;
            ``(2) the deportation proceedings at which the order was 
        issued improperly deprived the alien of the opportunity for 
        judicial review; and
            ``(3) the entry of the order was fundamentally unfair.
    ``(g) Reentry of Alien Removed Prior to Completion of Term of 
Imprisonment.--Any alien removed pursuant to section 241(a)(4) who 
enters, attempts to enter, crosses the border to, attempts to cross the 
border to, or is at any time found in, the United States shall be 
incarcerated for the remainder of the sentence of imprisonment which 
was pending at the time of deportation without any reduction for parole 
or supervised release unless the alien affirmatively demonstrates that 
the Secretary of Homeland Security has expressly consented to the 
alien's reentry or the alien is prima facie eligible for protection 
from removal. Such alien shall be subject to such other penalties 
relating to the reentry of removed aliens as may be available under 
this section or any other provision of law.
    ``(h) Limitation.--It is not aiding and abetting a violation of 
this section for an individual to provide an alien with emergency 
humanitarian assistance, including emergency medical care and food, or 
to transport the alien to a location where such assistance can be 
rendered without compensation or the expectation of compensation.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Felony.--The term `felony' means any criminal offense 
        punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than 1 year under 
        the laws of the United States, any State, or a foreign 
        government.
            ``(2) Misdemeanor.--The term `misdemeanor' means any 
        criminal offense punishable by a term of imprisonment of not 
        more than 1 year under the applicable laws of the United 
        States, any State, or a foreign government.
            ``(3) Removal.--The term `removal' includes any denial of 
        admission, exclusion, deportation, or removal, or any agreement 
        by which an alien stipulates or agrees to exclusion, 
        deportation, or removal.
            ``(4) State.--The term `State' means a State of the United 
        States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, 
        territory, or possession of the United States.''.

SEC. 3706. PENALTIES RELATED TO REMOVAL.

    (a) Penalties Relating to Vessels and Aircraft.--Section 243(c) (8 
U.S.C. 1253(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Attorney General'' each place such term 
        appears and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
            (2) by striking ``Commissioner'' each place such term 
        appears and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
            (3) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$2,000'' and 
                inserting ``$5,000'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$5,000'' and 
                inserting ``$10,000'';
                    (C) by amending paragraph (1)(C) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(C) Compromise.--The Secretary of Homeland 
                Security, in the Secretary's unreviewable discretion 
                and upon the receipt of a written request, may mitigate 
                the monetary penalties required under this subsection 
                for each alien stowaway to an amount equal to not less 
                than $2,000, upon such terms that the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.''; and
                    (D) by inserting at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Exception.--A person, acting without 
                compensation or the expectation of compensation, is not 
                subject to penalties under this paragraph if the person 
                is--
                            ``(i) providing, or attempting to provide, 
                        an alien with humanitarian assistance, 
                        including emergency medical care or food or 
                        water; or
                            ``(ii) transporting the alien to a location 
                        where such humanitarian assistance can be 
                        rendered without compensation or the 
                        expectation of compensation.''.

SEC. 3707. REFORM OF PASSPORT, VISA, AND IMMIGRATION FRAUD OFFENSES.

    (a) Trafficking in Passports.--Section 1541 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1541. Trafficking in passports
    ``(a) Multiple Passports.--Subject to subsection (b), any person 
who, during any period of 3 years or less, knowingly--
            ``(1) and without lawful authority produces, issues, or 
        transfers 3 or more passports;
            ``(2) forges, counterfeits, alters, or falsely makes 3 or 
        more passports;
            ``(3) secures, possesses, uses, receives, buys, sells, or 
        distributes 3 or more passports, knowing the passports to be 
        forged, counterfeited, altered, falsely made, stolen, procured 
        by fraud, or produced or issued without lawful authority; or
            ``(4) completes, mails, prepares, presents, signs, or 
        submits 3 or more applications for a United States passport, 
        knowing the applications to contain any materially false 
        statement or representation,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or 
both.
    ``(b) Use in a Terrorism Offense.--Any person who commits an 
offense described in subsection (a) to facilitate an act of 
international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) shall be fined 
under this title, imprisoned not more than 25 years, or both.
    ``(c) Passport Materials.--Any person who knowingly and without 
lawful authority produces, buys, sells, possesses, or uses any official 
material (or counterfeit of any official material) used to make 10 or 
more passports, including any distinctive paper, seal, hologram, image, 
text, symbol, stamp, engraving, or plate, shall be fined under this 
title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.''.
    (b) False Statement in an Application for a Passports.--Section 
1542 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1542. False statement in an application for a passport
    ``(a) In General.--Any person who knowingly makes any material 
false statement or representation in an application for a United States 
passport, or mails, prepares, presents, or signs an application for a 
United States passport knowing the application to contain any material 
false statement or representation, shall be fined under this title, 
imprisoned not more than 25 years (if the offense was committed to 
facilitate an act of international terrorism (as defined in section 
2331 of this title)), 20 years (if the offense was committed to 
facilitate a drug trafficking crime (as defined in section 929(a) of 
this title)), or 15 years (in the case of any other offense) or both.
    ``(b) Venue.--
            ``(1) In general.--An offense under subsection (a) may be 
        prosecuted in any district--
                    ``(A) in which the false statement or 
                representation was made or the application for a United 
                States passport was prepared or signed; or
                    ``(B) in which or to which the application was 
                mailed or presented.
            ``(2) Offenses outside the united states.--An offense under 
        subsection (a) involving an application prepared and 
        adjudicated outside the United States may be prosecuted in the 
        district in which the resultant passport was or would have been 
        produced.
    ``(c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
limit the venue otherwise available under sections 3237 and 3238 of 
this title.''.
    (c) Misuse of a Passport.--Section 1544 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1544. Misuse of a passport
    ``Any person who knowingly--
            ``(1) misuses for their own purposes any passport issued or 
        designed for the use of another;
            ``(2) uses any passport in violation of the laws, 
        regulations, or rules governing the issuance and use of the 
        passport;
            ``(3) secures, possesses, uses, receives, buys, sells, or 
        distributes any passport knowing the passport to be forged, 
        counterfeited, altered, falsely made, procured by fraud, or 
        produced or issued without lawful authority; or
            ``(4) substantially violates the terms and conditions of 
        any safe conduct duly obtained and issued under the authority 
        of the United States,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 25 years (if 
the offense was committed to facilitate an act of international 
terrorism (as defined in section 2331 of this title)), 20 years (if the 
offense was committed to facilitate a drug trafficking crime (as 
defined in section 929(a) of this title)) or 15 years (in the case of 
any other offense), or both.''.
    (d) Schemes to Provide Fraudulent Immigration Services.--Section 
1545 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1545. Schemes to provide fraudulent immigration services
    ``(a) In General.--Any person who knowingly executes a scheme or 
artifice, in connection with any matter that is authorized by or arises 
under any Federal immigration law or any matter the offender claims or 
represents is authorized by or arises under any Federal immigration 
law, to--
            ``(1) defraud any person; or
            ``(2) obtain or receive money or anything else of value 
        from any person by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, 
        representations, or promises,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or 
both.
    ``(b) Misrepresentation.--Any person who knowingly and falsely 
represents that such person is an attorney or an accredited 
representative (as that term is defined in section 1292.1 of title 8, 
Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation)) in any 
matter arising under any Federal immigration law shall be fined under 
this title, imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both.''.
    (e) Immigration and Visa Fraud.--Section 1546 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows:
``Sec. 1546. Immigration and visa fraud'';
            and
            (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Trafficking.--Any person who, during any period of 3 years or 
less, knowingly--
            ``(1) and without lawful authority produces, issues, or 
        transfers 3 or more immigration documents;
            ``(2) forges, counterfeits, alters, or falsely makes 3 or 
        more immigration documents;
            ``(3) secures, possesses, uses, buys, sells, or distributes 
        3 or more immigration documents, knowing the immigration 
        documents to be forged, counterfeited, altered, stolen, falsely 
        made, procured by fraud, or produced or issued without lawful 
        authority; or
            ``(4) completes, mails, prepares, presents, signs, or 
        submits 3 or more immigration documents knowing the documents 
        to contain any materially false statement or representation,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or 
both.
    ``(c) Immigration Document Materials.--Any person who knowingly and 
without lawful authority produces, buys, sells, possesses, or uses any 
official material (or counterfeit of any official material) used to 
make 10 or more immigration documents, including any distinctive paper, 
seal, hologram, image, text, symbol, stamp, engraving, or plate, shall 
be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or 
both.''.
    (f) Alternative Imprisonment Maximum for Certain Offenses.--Section 
1547 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``(other than an offense under section 1545)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``15'' and inserting 
        ``20''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``20'' and inserting 
        ``25''.
    (g) Authorized Law Enforcement Activities.--Chapter 75 of title 18, 
United States Code, is amended by adding after section 1547 the 
following:
``Sec. 1548. Authorized law enforcement activities
    ``Nothing in this chapter may be construed to prohibit--
            ``(1) any lawfully authorized investigative, protective, or 
        intelligence activity of a law enforcement agency of the United 
        States, a State, or a political subdivision of a State, or an 
        intelligence agency of the United States; or
            ``(2) any activity authorized under title V of the 
        Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-452; 84 
        Stat. 933).''.
    (h) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 
75 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec.
``1541. Trafficking in passports.
``1542. False statement in an application for a passport.
``1543. Forgery or false use of a passport.
``1544. Misuse of a passport.
``1545. Schemes to provide fraudulent immigration services.
``1546. Immigration and visa fraud.
``1547. Alternative imprisonment maximum for certain offenses.
``1548. Authorized law enforcement activities.''.

SEC. 3708. COMBATING SCHEMES TO DEFRAUD ALIENS.

    (a) Regulations, Forms, and Procedures.--The Secretary and the 
Attorney General, for matters within their respective jurisdictions 
arising under the immigration laws, shall promulgate appropriate 
regulations, forms, and procedures defining the circumstances in 
which--
            (1) persons submitting applications, petitions, motions, or 
        other written materials relating to immigration benefits or 
        relief from removal under the immigration laws will be required 
        to identify who (other than immediate family members) assisted 
        them in preparing or translating the immigration submissions; 
        and
            (2) any person or persons who received compensation (other 
        than a nominal fee for copying, mailing, or similar services) 
        in connection with the preparation, completion, or submission 
        of such materials will be required to sign the form as a 
        preparer and provide identifying information.
    (b) Civil Injunctions Against Immigration Service Provider.--The 
Attorney General may commence a civil action in the name of the United 
States to enjoin any immigration service provider from further engaging 
in any fraudulent conduct that substantially interferes with the proper 
administration of the immigration laws or who willfully misrepresents 
such provider's legal authority to provide representation before the 
Department of Justice or Department.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Immigration laws.--The term ``immigration laws'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(17) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(17)).
            (2) Immigration service provider.--The term ``immigration 
        service provider'' means any individual or entity (other than 
        an attorney or individual otherwise authorized to provide 
        representation in immigration proceedings as provided in 
        Federal regulation) who, for a fee or other compensation, 
        provides any assistance or representation to aliens in relation 
        to any filing or proceeding relating to the alien which arises, 
        or which the provider claims to arise, under the immigration 
        laws, executive order, or presidential proclamation.

SEC. 3709. INADMISSIBILITY AND REMOVAL FOR PASSPORT AND IMMIGRATION 
              FRAUD OFFENSES.

    (a) Inadmissibility.--Section 212(a)(2)(A)(i) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(a)(2)(A)(i)) is amended--
            (1) in subclause (I), by striking ``, or'' at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subclause (II), by striking the comma at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by inserting after subclause (II) the following:
                                    ``(III) a violation of section 
                                1541, 1545, and subsection (b) of 
                                section 1546 of title 18, United States 
                                Code,''.
    (b) Removal.--Section 237(a)(3)(B)(iii) (8 U.S.C. 
1227(a)(3)(B)(iii)) is amended to read as follows:
                            ``(ii) a violation of section 1541, 1545, 
                        and subsection (b) of section 1546 of title 18, 
                        United States Code,''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall apply to proceedings pending on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, with respect to conduct occurring on or after 
that date.

SEC. 3710. DIRECTIVES RELATED TO PASSPORT AND DOCUMENT FRAUD.

    (a) Directive to the United States Sentencing Commission.--
            (1) In general.--Pursuant to the authority under section 
        994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States 
        Sentencing Commission shall promulgate or amend the sentencing 
        guidelines, policy statements, and official commentaries, if 
        appropriate, related to passport fraud offenses, including the 
        offenses described in chapter 75 of title 18, United States 
        Code, as amended by section 3407, to reflect the serious nature 
        of such offenses.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the United States Sentencing Commission 
        shall submit a report on the implementation of this subsection 
        to--
                    (A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; 
                and
                    (B) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives.
    (b) Protection for Legitimate Refugees and Asylum Seekers.--
            (1) In general.--
                    (A) Requirement for guidelines.--The Attorney 
                General, in consultation with the Secretary, shall 
                develop binding prosecution guidelines for Federal 
                prosecutors to ensure that each prosecution of an alien 
                seeking entry into the United States by fraud is 
                consistent with the United States treaty obligations 
                under Article 31(1) of the Convention Relating to the 
                Status of Refugees, done at Geneva July 28, 1951 (as 
                made applicable by the Protocol Relating to the Status 
                of Refugees, done at New York January 31, 1967 (19 UST 
                6223)).
                    (B) No private right of action.--The guidelines 
                developed pursuant to subparagraph (A), and any 
                internal office procedures related to such guidelines--
                            (i) are intended solely for the guidance of 
                        attorneys of the United States; and
                            (ii) are not intended to, do not, and may 
                        not be relied upon to, create any right or 
                        benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable 
                        at law by any party in any administrative, 
                        civil, or criminal matter.
            (2) Protection of vulnerable persons.--A person described 
        in paragraph (3) may not be prosecuted under chapter 75 of 
        title 18, United States Code, or under section 275 or 276 of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1325 and 1326), 
        in connection with the person's entry or attempted entry into 
        the United States until after the date on which the person's 
        application for such protection, classification, or status has 
        been adjudicated and denied in accordance with the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
            (3) Persons seeking protection, classification, or 
        status.--A person described in this paragraph is a person who--
                    (A) is seeking protection, classification, or 
                status; and
                    (B)(i) has filed an application for asylum under 
                section 208 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                U.S.C. 1158), withholding of removal under section 
                241(b)(3) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1231(b)(3)), or relief 
                under the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, 
                Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, done at 
                New York, December 10, 1994, pursuant to title 8, Code 
                of Federal Regulations;
                    (ii) indicates immediately after apprehension, that 
                he or she intends to apply for such asylum, withholding 
                of removal, or relief and promptly files the 
                appropriate application;
                    (iii) has been referred for a credible fear 
                interview, a reasonable fear interview, or an asylum-
                only hearing under section 235 of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225) or title 8, Code of 
                Federal Regulations; or
                    (iv) has filed an application for classification or 
                status under--
                            (I) subparagraph (T) or (U) of paragraph 
                        (15), paragraph (27)(J), or paragraph (51) of 
                        section 101(a) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)); or
                            (II) section 216(c)(4)(C) or 240A(b)(2), of 
                        such Act (8 U.S.C. 1186a(c)(4)(C) and 
                        1229b(b)(2)).

SEC. 3711. INADMISSIBLE ALIENS.

    (a) Deterring Aliens Ordered Removed From Remaining in the United 
States Unlawfully.--Section 212(a)(9)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(A)) is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``seeks admission within 5 
        years of the date of such removal (or within 20 years'' and 
        inserting ``seeks admission not later than 5 years after the 
        date of the alien's removal (or not later than 20 years after 
        the alien's removal''; and
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``seeks admission within 10 
        years of the date of such alien's departure or removal (or 
        within 20 years of'' and inserting ``seeks admission not later 
        than 10 years after the date of the alien's departure or 
        removal (or not later than 20 years after''.
    (b) Biometric Screening.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(7), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) Withholding information.--Except as provided 
                in subsection (d)(2), any alien who willfully, through 
                his or her own fault, refuses to comply with a lawful 
                request for biometric information is inadmissible.''; 
                and
            (2) in subsection (d), by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
        following:
            ``(2) The Secretary may waive the application of subsection 
        (a)(7)(C) for an individual alien or a class of aliens.''.
    (c) Precluding Admissibility of Aliens Convicted of Serious 
Criminal Offenses and Domestic Violence, Stalking, Child Abuse and 
Violation of Protection Orders.--
            (1) Inadmissibility on criminal and related grounds; 
        waivers.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182), as amended by section 
        3302, is further amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), as amended by sections 
                3401 and 3402, is further amended by inserting after 
                subparagraph (J) the following:
                    ``(K) Crimes of domestic violence, stalking, or 
                violation of protective orders; crimes against 
                children.--
                            ``(i) Domestic violence, stalking, and 
                        child abuse.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Any alien who 
                                has been convicted of a crime of 
                                domestic violence, a crime of stalking, 
                                or a crime of child abuse, child 
                                neglect, or child abandonment, provided 
                                the alien served at least 1 year 
                                imprisonment for the crime, or provided 
                                the alien was convicted of offenses 
                                constituting more than 1 such crime, 
                                not arising out of a single scheme of 
                                criminal misconduct, is inadmissible.
                                    ``(II) Crime of domestic violence 
                                defined.--In this clause, the term 
                                `crime of domestic violence' means any 
                                crime of violence (as defined in 
                                section 16 of title 18, United States 
                                Code) against a person committed by a 
                                current or former spouse of the person, 
                                by an individual with whom the person 
                                shares a child in common, by an 
                                individual who is cohabiting with or 
                                has cohabited with the person as a 
                                spouse, by an individual similarly 
                                situated to a spouse of the person 
                                under the domestic or family violence 
                                laws of the jurisdiction where the 
                                offense occurs, or by any other 
                                individual against a person who is 
                                protected from that individual's acts 
                                under the domestic or family violence 
                                laws of the United States or any State, 
                                Indian tribal government, or unit of 
                                local or foreign government.
                            ``(ii) Violators of protection orders.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Any alien who at 
                                any time is enjoined under a protection 
                                order issued by a court and whom the 
                                court determines has engaged in conduct 
                                that constitutes criminal contempt of 
                                the portion of a protection order that 
                                involves protection against credible 
                                threats of violence, repeated 
                                harassment, or bodily injury to the 
                                person or persons for whom the 
                                protection order was issued, is 
                                inadmissible.
                                    ``(II) Protection order defined.--
                                In this clause, the term `protection 
                                order' means any injunction issued for 
                                the purpose of preventing violent or 
                                threatening acts of domestic violence, 
                                including temporary or final orders 
                                issued by civil or criminal courts 
                                (other than support or child custody 
                                orders or provisions) whether obtained 
                                by filing an independent action or as 
                                an independent order in another 
                                proceeding.
                            ``(iii) Applicability.--This subparagraph 
                        shall not apply to an alien who has been 
                        battered or subjected to extreme cruelty and 
                        who is not and was not the primary perpetrator 
                        of violence in the relationship, upon a 
                        determination by the Attorney General or the 
                        Secretary of Homeland Security that--
                                    ``(I) the alien was acting in self-
                                defense;
                                    ``(II) the alien was found to have 
                                violated a protection order intended to 
                                protect the alien; or
                                    ``(III) the alien committed, was 
                                arrested for, was convicted of, or pled 
                                guilty to committing a crime that did 
                                not result in serious bodily injury.'';
                    (B) in subsection (h)--
                            (i) by striking ``The Attorney General may, 
                        in his discretion, waive the application of 
                        subparagraphs (A)(i)(I), (B), (D), and (E) of 
                        subsection (a)(2)'' and inserting ``The 
                        Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security may waive the application of 
                        subparagraphs (A)(i)(I), (B), (D), (E), of 
                        subsection (a)(2)''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``or Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security'' after ``the Attorney 
                        General'' each place that term appears.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall apply to any acts that occurred on or after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3712. ORGANIZED AND ABUSIVE HUMAN SMUGGLING ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Enhanced Penalties.--
            (1) In general.--Title II (8 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.) is 
        amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 295. ORGANIZED HUMAN SMUGGLING.

    ``(a) Prohibited Activities.--Whoever, while acting for profit or 
other financial gain, knowingly directs or participates in an effort or 
scheme to assist or cause 5 or more persons (other than a parent, 
spouse or child of the offender)--
            ``(1) to enter, attempt to enter, or prepare to enter the 
        United States--
                    ``(A) by fraud, falsehood, or other corrupt means;
                    ``(B) at any place other than a port or place of 
                entry designated by the Secretary; or
                    ``(C) in a manner not prescribed by the immigration 
                laws and regulations of the United States; or
            ``(2) to travel by air, land, or sea toward the United 
        States (whether directly or indirectly)--
                    ``(A) knowing that the persons seek to enter or 
                attempt to enter the United States without lawful 
                authority; and
                    ``(B) with the intent to aid or further such entry 
                or attempted entry; or
            ``(3) to be transported or moved outside of the United 
        States--
                    ``(A) knowing that such persons are aliens in 
                unlawful transit from one country to another or on the 
                high seas; and
                    ``(B) under circumstances in which the persons are 
                in fact seeking to enter the United States without 
                official permission or legal authority;
        shall be punished as provided in subsection (c) or (d).
    ``(b) Conspiracy and Attempt.--Any person who attempts or conspires 
to violate subsection (a) of this section shall be punished in the same 
manner as a person who completes a violation of such subsection.
    ``(c) Base Penalty.--Except as provided in subsection (d), any 
person who violates subsection (a) or (b) shall be fined under title 
18, imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both.
    ``(d) Enhanced Penalties.--Any person who violates subsection (a) 
or (b) shall--
            ``(1) in the case of a violation during and in relation to 
        which a serious bodily injury (as defined in section 1365 of 
        title 18) occurs to any person, be fined under title 18, 
        imprisoned for not more than 30 years, or both;
            ``(2) in the case of a violation during and in relation to 
        which the life of any person is placed in jeopardy, be fined 
        under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 30 years, or both;
            ``(3) in the case of a violation involving 10 or more 
        persons, be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 
        30 years, or both;
            ``(4) in the case of a violation involving the bribery or 
        corruption of a U.S. or foreign government official, be fined 
        under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 30 years, or 
        both;''.
            ``(5) in the case of a violation involving robbery or 
        extortion (as those terms are defined in paragraph (1) or (2), 
        respectively, of section 1951(b)) be fined under title 18, 
        imprisoned for not more than 30 years, or both;
            ``(6) in the case of a violation during and in relation to 
        which any person is subjected to an involuntary sexual act (as 
        defined in section 2246(2) of title 18), be fined under title 
        18, imprisoned for not more than 30 years, or both; or
            ``(7) in the case of a violation resulting in the death of 
        any person, be fined under title 18, imprisoned for or any term 
        of years or for life, or both.
    ``(e) Lawful Authority Defined.--
            ``(1) In general.--In this section, the term `lawful 
        authority'--
                    ``(A) means permission, authorization, or license 
                that is expressly provided for in the immigration laws 
                of the United States or accompanying regulations: and
                    ``(B) does not include any such authority secured 
                by fraud or otherwise obtained in violation of law; nor 
                does it include authority sought, but not approved.
            ``(2) Application to travel or entry.--No alien shall be 
        deemed to have lawful authority to travel to or enter the 
        United States if such travel or entry was, is, or would be in 
        violation of law.
    ``(f) Effort or Scheme.--For purposes of this section, `effort or 
scheme to assist or cause 5 or more persons' does not require that the 
5 or more persons enter, attempt to enter, prepare to enter, or travel 
at the same time so long as the acts are completed within 1 year.

``SEC. 296. UNLAWFULLY HINDERING IMMIGRATION, BORDER, AND CUSTOMS 
              CONTROLS.

    ``(a) Illicit Spotting.--Whoever knowingly transmits to another 
person the location, movement, or activities of any Federal, State, or 
tribal law enforcement agency with the intent to further a Federal 
crime relating to United States immigration, customs, controlled 
substances, agriculture, monetary instruments, or other border controls 
shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or 
both.
    ``(b) Destruction of United States Border Controls.--Whoever 
knowingly and without lawful authorization destroys, alters, or damages 
any fence, barrier, sensor, camera, or other physical or electronic 
device deployed by the Federal government to control the border or a 
port of entry or otherwise seeks to construct, excavate, or make any 
structure intended to defeat, circumvent or evade any such fence, 
barrier, sensor camera, or other physical or electronic device deployed 
by the Federal government to control the border or a port of entry 
shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or 
both, and if, at the time of the offense, the person uses or carries a 
firearm or who, in furtherance of any such crime, possesses a firearm, 
that person shall be fined under Title 18, imprisoned not more than 20 
years, or both
    ``(c) Conspiracy and Attempt.--Any person who attempts or conspires 
to violate subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall be punished in 
the same manner as a person who completes a violation of such 
subsection.''.
            (2) Table of contents amendment.--The table of contents is 
        amended by adding after the item relating to section 294 the 
        following:

``Sec. 295. Organized human smuggling.
``Sec. 296. Unlawfully hindering immigration, border, and customs 
                            controls.''.
    (b) Prohibiting Carrying or Use of a Firearm During and in Relation 
to an Alien Smuggling Crime.--Section 924(c) of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, alien 
                smuggling crime,'' after ``crime of violence'' each 
                place that term appears; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by inserting ``, alien 
                smuggling crime,'' after ``crime of violence''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection, the term `alien smuggling 
crime' means any felony punishable under section 274(a), 277, or 278 of 
the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324(a), 1327, and 
1328).''.
    (c) Statute of Limitations.--Section 3298 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``, 295, 296, or 297'' after 
``274(a)''.

SEC. 3713. PREVENTING CRIMINALS FROM RENOUNCING CITIZENSHIP DURING 
              WARTIME.

    Section 349(a) (8 U.S.C. 1481(a) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (6) ; and
            (2) redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (6).

SEC. 3714. DIPLOMATIC SECURITY SERVICE.

    Paragraph (1) of section 37(a) of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2709(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(1) conduct investigations concerning--
                    ``(A) illegal passport or visa issuance or use;
                    ``(B) identity theft or document fraud affecting or 
                relating to the programs, functions, and authorities of 
                the Secretary of State;
                    ``(C) violations of chapter 77 of title 18, United 
                States Code; and
                    ``(D) Federal offenses committed within the special 
                maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United 
                States (as defined in section 7(9) of title 18, United 
                States Code);''.

SEC. 3715. SECURE ALTERNATIVES PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish secure alternatives 
programs that incorporate case management services in each field office 
of the Department to ensure appearances at immigration proceedings and 
public safety.
    (b) Contract Authority.--The Secretary shall contract with 
nongovernmental community based organizations to conduct screening of 
detainees, provide appearance assistance services, and operate 
community-based supervision programs. Secure alternatives shall offer a 
continuum of supervision mechanisms and options including community 
support, depending on an assessment of each individual's circumstances. 
The Secretary may contract with nongovernmental organizations to 
implement secure alternatives that maintain custody over the alien.
    (c) Individualized Determinations.--In determining whether to use 
secure alternatives, the Secretary shall make an individualized 
determination, and for each individual placed on secure alternatives 
shall review the level of supervision on a monthly basis. Secure 
alternatives shall not be used when release on bail or recognizance is 
determined to be a sufficient measure to ensure appearances at 
immigration proceedings and public safety.
    (d) Custody.--The Secretary may use secure alternatives programs to 
maintain custody over any alien detained under this Act except for 
aliens detained under section 236A of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act (8 U.S.C. 1226a). If an individual is not eligible for release from 
custody or detention, the Secretary shall consider the alien for 
placement in secure alternatives that maintain custody over the alien 
to serve as detention, including the use of electronic ankle devices.

SEC. 3716. OVERSIGHT OF DETENTION FACILITIES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Applicable standards.--The term ``applicable 
        standards'' means the most recent version of detention 
        standards and detention-related policies issued by the 
        Secretary or the Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement.
            (2) Detention facility.--The term ``detention facility'' 
        means a Federal, State, or local government facility, or a 
        privately owned and operated facility, that is used, in whole 
        or in part, to hold individuals under the authority of the 
        Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, including 
        facilities that hold such individuals under a contract or 
        agreement with the Director.
    (b) Detention Requirements.--The Secretary shall ensure that all 
persons detained pursuant to the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) are treated humanely and benefit from the 
protections set forth in this section.
    (c) Oversight Requirements.--
            (1) Annual inspection.--All detention facilities shall be 
        inspected by the Secretary on a regular basis, but not less 
        than annually, for compliance with applicable detention 
        standards issued by the Secretary and other applicable 
        regulations.
            (2) Routine oversight.--In addition to annual inspections, 
        the Secretary shall conduct routine oversight of detention 
        facilities, including unannounced inspections.
            (3) Availability of records.--All detention facility 
        contracts, memoranda of agreement, and evaluations and reviews 
        shall be considered records for purposes of section 552(f)(2) 
        of title 5, United States Code.
            (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall seek input from 
        nongovernmental organizations regarding their independent 
        opinion of specific facilities.
    (d) Compliance Mechanisms.--
            (1) Agreements.--
                    (A) New agreements.--Compliance with applicable 
                standards of the Secretary and all applicable 
                regulations, and meaningful financial penalties for 
                failure to comply, shall be a material term in any new 
                contract, memorandum of agreement, or any 
                renegotiation, modification, or renewal of an existing 
                contract or agreement, including fee negotiations, 
                executed with detention facilities.
                    (B) Existing agreements.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall secure a modification incorporating 
                these terms for any existing contracts or agreements 
                that will not be renegotiated, renewed, or otherwise 
                modified.
                    (C) Cancellation of agreements.--Unless the 
                Secretary provides a reasonable extension to a specific 
                detention facility that is negotiating in good faith, 
                contracts or agreements with detention facilities that 
                are not modified within 1 year of the date of the 
                enactment of this Act will be cancelled.
                    (D) Provision of information.--In making 
                modifications under this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                require that detention facilities provide to the 
                Secretary all contracts, memoranda of agreement, 
                evaluations, and reviews regarding the facility on a 
                regular basis. The Secretary shall make these materials 
                publicly available.
            (2) Financial penalties.--
                    (A) Requirement to impose.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (C), the Secretary shall impose meaningful financial 
                penalties upon facilities that fail to comply with 
                applicable detention standards issued by the Secretary 
                and other applicable regulations.
                    (B) Timing of imposition.--Financial penalties 
                imposed under subparagraph (A) shall be imposed 
                immediately after a facility fails to achieve an 
                adequate or the equivalent median score in any 
                performance evaluation.
                    (C) Waiver.--The requirements of subparagraph (A) 
                may be waived if the facility corrects the noted 
                deficiencies and receives an adequate score in not more 
                than 90 days.
                    (D) Multiple offenders.--In cases of persistent and 
                substantial non-compliance, including scoring less than 
                adequate or the equivalent median score in 2 
                consecutive inspections, the Secretary shall terminate 
                contracts or agreements with such facilities within 60 
                days, or in the case of facilities operated by the 
                Secretary, such facilities shall be closed within 90 
                days.
    (e) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Objectives.--Not later than June 30 of each year, the 
        Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on the 
        Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
        the House of Representatives a report on inspection and 
        oversight activities of detention facilities.
            (2) Contents.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a description of each detention facility found 
                to be in noncompliance with applicable detention 
                standards issued by the Department and other applicable 
                regulations;
                    (B) a description of the actions taken by the 
                Department to remedy any findings of noncompliance or 
                other identified problems, including financial 
                penalties, contract or agreement termination, or 
                facility closure; and
                    (C) information regarding whether the actions 
                described in subparagraph (B) resulted in compliance 
                with applicable detention standards and regulations.

SEC. 3717. PROCEDURES FOR BOND HEARINGS AND FILING OF NOTICES TO 
              APPEAR.

    (a) Aliens in Custody.--Section 236 (8 U.S.C. 1226) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Procedures for Custody Hearings.--For any alien taken into 
custody under any provision of this Act, with the exception of minors 
being transferred to or in the custody of the Office of Refugee 
Resettlement, the following shall apply:
            ``(1) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall, without 
        unnecessary delay and not later than 72 hours after the alien 
        is taken into custody, file the Notice to Appear or other 
        relevant charging document with the immigration court having 
        jurisdiction over the location where the alien was apprehended, 
        and serve such notice on the alien.
            ``(2) The Secretary shall immediately determine whether the 
        alien shall remain in custody or be released and, without 
        unnecessary delay and not later than 72 hours after the alien 
        was taken into custody, serve upon the alien the custody 
        decision specifying the reasons for continued custody and the 
        amount of bond if any.
            ``(3) The Attorney General shall ensure the alien has the 
        opportunity to appear before an immigration judge for a custody 
        determination hearing promptly after service of the Secretary's 
        custody decision. The immigration judge may, on the Secretary's 
        motion and upon a showing of good cause, postpone a custody 
        determination hearing for no more than 72 hours after service 
        of the custody decision, except that in no case shall the 
        hearing occur more than seven days (including weekends and 
        holidays) after the alien was taken into custody.
            ``(4) The immigration judge shall advise the alien of the 
        right to postpone the custody determination hearing and shall, 
        on the oral or written request of the individual, postpone the 
        custody determination hearing for a period of no more than 14 
        days.
            ``(5) Except for aliens that the immigration judge has 
        determined are deportable as described in section 236A and 
        236(c), the immigration judge shall review the custody 
        determination de novo and may detain the alien only if the 
        Secretary demonstrates that no conditions, including the use of 
        alternatives to detention that maintain custody over the alien, 
        will reasonably assure the appearance of the alien as required 
        and the safety of any other person and the community. For 
        aliens detained under 236(c), the immigration judge may review 
        the custody determination if the Secretary agrees the alien is 
        not a danger to the community and alternatives to detention 
        exist that assure the appearance of the alien as required and 
        the safety of any other person and the community.
            ``(6) In the case of any alien remaining in custody after a 
        custody determination, the Attorney General shall provide de 
        novo custody determination hearings before an immigration judge 
        every 90 days so long as the alien remains in custody. The 
        alien may obtain a de novo custody redetermination hearing upon 
        a showing of good cause.
            ``(7) The Secretary shall inform the alien of his or her 
        rights under this paragraph at the time the alien is first 
        taken into custody.''.
    (b) Stipulated Removal.--Section 240(d) (8 U.S.C. 1229a) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(d) Stipulated Removal.--The Attorney General shall provide by 
regulation for the entry by an immigration judge of an order of removal 
stipulated to by the alien (or the alien's representative) and the 
Service. An immigration judge may enter a stipulated removal order only 
upon a finding at an in-person hearing that the stipulation is 
voluntary, knowing and intelligent. A stipulated order shall constitute 
a conclusive determination of the alien's removability from the United 
States.''.

SEC. 3718. SANCTIONS FOR COUNTRIES THAT DELAY OR PREVENT REPATRIATION 
              OF THEIR NATIONALS.

    Section 243(d) (8 U.S.C. 1253(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Discontinuing Granting Visas to Nationals of Countries That 
Deny or Delay Accepting Aliens.--Notwithstanding section 221(c), if the 
Secretary of Homeland Security determines, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, that the government of a foreign country denies or 
unreasonably delays accepting aliens who are citizens, subjects, 
nationals, or residents of that country after the Secretary asks 
whether the government will accept an alien under this section, or 
after a determination that the alien is inadmissible under paragraph 
(6) or (7) of section 212(a), the Secretary of State shall order 
consular officers in that foreign country to discontinue granting 
visas, or classes of visas until the Secretary of Homeland Security 
notifies the Secretary of State that the country has accepted the 
aliens.''.

SEC. 3719. GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

    (a) Inadmissibility of Certain Aliens.--Section 212(a)(3)(E)(iii) 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(E)(iii)) is 
amended to read as follows:
                            ``(iii) Commission of acts of torture, 
                        extrajudicial killings, war crimes, or 
                        widespread or systematic attacks on 
                        civilians.--Any alien who planned, ordered, 
                        assisted, aided and abetted, committed, or 
                        otherwise participated, including through 
                        command responsibility, in the commission of--
                                    ``(I) any act of torture (as 
                                defined in section 2340 of title 18, 
                                United States Code);
                                    ``(II) any extrajudicial killing 
                                (as defined in section 3(a) of the 
                                Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991 
                                (28 U.S.C. 1350 note)) under color of 
                                law of any foreign nation;
                                    ``(III) a war crime (as defined in 
                                section 2441 of title 18, United States 
                                Code); or
                                    ``(IV) a widespread or systematic 
                                attack directed against a civilian 
                                population, with knowledge of the 
                                attack, murder, extermination, 
                                enslavement, forcible transfer of 
                                population, arbitrary detention, rape, 
                                sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, 
                                forced pregnancy, enforced 
                                sterilization, or any other form of 
                                sexual violence of comparable gravity;
                                    ``(V) persecution on political 
                                racial, national, ethnic, cultural, 
                                religious, or gender grounds;
                                    ``(VI) enforced disappearance of 
                                persons; or
                                    ``(VII) other inhumane acts of a 
                                similar character intentionally causing 
                                great suffering or serious bodily or 
                                mental injury,
                        is in admissible.''.
    (b) Nonapplicability of Confidentiality Requirement With Respect to 
Visa Records.--The President may make public, without regard to the 
requirements under section 222(f) of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act (8 U.S.C. 1202(f)), with respect to confidentiality of records 
pertaining to the issuance or refusal of visas or permits to enter the 
United States, the names of aliens deemed inadmissible on the basis of 
section 212(a)(3)(E)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
amended by subsection (a).

            TITLE IV--REFORMS TO NONIMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAMS

            Subtitle A--Employment-based Nonimmigrant Visas

SEC. 4101. MARKET-BASED H-1B VISA LIMITS.

    (a) In General.--Section 214(g) (8 U.S.C. 1184(g)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``(beginning with fiscal year 1992)''; and
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(A) under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) may not 
                exceed--
                            ``(i) 110,000 for the first fiscal year 
                        beginning after the date of the enactment the 
                        Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
                        Immigration Modernization Act; and
                            ``(ii) the number calculated under 
                        paragraph (9) for succeeding fiscal year; or'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (10) as subparagraph (D) of 
        paragraph (9);
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
    ``(9)(A) Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), the 
allocation of nonimmigrant visas under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) for 
each fiscal year after the first fiscal year beginning after the date 
of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
Immigration Modernization Act shall be equal to the sum of--
            ``(i) the allocation of such visas for the most recently 
        completed fiscal year; and
            ``(ii) the product of--
                    ``(I) the allocation of such visas for the most 
                recently completed fiscal year; multiplied by
                    ``(II) the High Skilled Jobs Demand Index for such 
                fiscal year calculated under subparagraph (C).
    ``(B)(i) The number of visas calculated under subparagraph (A) for 
any fiscal year shall not be less than 110,000 or more than 180,000.
    ``(ii) The number of visas calculated under subparagraph (A) for 
any fiscal year may not be more than 10,000 more than, or less than 
10,000 less than, the allocation of such visas for the previous fiscal 
year.
    ``(C) The High Skilled Jobs Demand Index calculated under this 
subparagraph for a fiscal year is the percentage equal to the sum of--
            ``(i) \1/2\ of a fraction--
                    ``(I) the numerator of which is the number of 
                nonimmigrant visas under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) 
                petitioned for during the previous fiscal year minus 
                the numerical limitation of such visas determined under 
                paragraph (1) for the previous fiscal year; and
                    ``(II) the denominator of which is the numerical 
                limitation of such visas determined under paragraph (1) 
                for the previous fiscal year; and
            ``(ii) \1/2\ of a fraction--
                    ``(I) the numerator of which is the average number 
                of specified unemployed persons for the previous fiscal 
                year minus the average number of specified unemployed 
                persons for such fiscal year; and
                    ``(II) the denominator of which is the average 
                number of specified unemployed persons for such fiscal 
                year.
    ``(D) If the actual number of visas under section 
101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) applied for during a previous fiscal year is not 
available at the time the Secretary determines the numerical limitation 
under subparagraph (C) for the following fiscal year, the Secretary may 
estimate such number based on a statistical extrapolation of the number 
of applications for such visas received at the time such estimate is 
made.
    ``(E) For purposes of subparagraph (C), the term `specified 
unemployed persons' means, with respect to any fiscal year, the number 
of unemployed persons in the `management, professional, and related 
occupations' category of the employment report released by the Bureau 
of Labor Statistics.''.
    (b) Increase in Allocation for STEM Nonimmigrants.--Section 
214(g)(5)(C) (8 U.S.C. 1184(g)(5)(C)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(C) has earned a master's or higher, in a field of 
        science, technology, engineering, or math included in the 
        Department of Education's Classification of Instructional 
        Programs taxonomy within the summary groups of computer and 
        information sciences and support services, engineering, 
        mathematics and statistics, and physical sciences, from a 
        United States institution of higher education (as defined in 
        section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1001(a)) until the number of aliens who are exempted from such 
        numerical limitation during such year exceed 25,000.''.
    (c) Publication.--
            (1) Data summarizing petitions.--The Secretary shall timely 
        upload to a public website data that summarizes the 
        adjudication of nonimmigrant petitions under section 
        101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b)) during each fiscal year.
            (2) Annual numerical limitation.--As soon as practicable 
        and no later than March 2 of each fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall publish in the Federal Register the numerical limitation 
        determined under section 214(g)(1)(A) for such fiscal year.
    (d) Effective Date and Application.--The amendments made by 
subsection (a) shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal 
year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act and apply to 
applications for nonimmigrant visas under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b)) 
for such fiscal year.

SEC. 4102. EMPLOYMENT AUTHORIZATION FOR DEPENDENTS OF EMPLOYMENT-BASED 
              NONIMMIGRANTS.

    Section 214(c) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Attorney General'' each place such term 
        appears and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (E) to read 
        as follows:
    ``(E)(i) In the case of an alien spouse admitted under section 
101(a)(15)(L), who is accompanying or following to join a principal 
alien admitted under such section, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
shall--
            ``(I) authorize the alien spouse to engage in employment in 
        the United States; and
            ``(II) provide the spouse with an `employment authorized' 
        endorsement or other appropriate work permit.
    ``(ii) In the case of an alien spouse admitted under section 
101(a)(15)(H)(i), who is accompanying or following to join a principal 
alien admitted under such section, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
shall--
            ``(I) authorize the alien spouse to engage in employment in 
        the United States only if such spouse is a national of a 
        foreign country that permits reciprocal employment; and
            ``(II) provide such a spouse with an `employment 
        authorized' endorsement or other appropriate work permit, if 
        appropriate.
    ``(iii)(I) In clause (ii), the term `foreign country that permits 
reciprocal employment' means a foreign country that permits a spouse 
who is a national of the United States and is accompanying or following 
to join the employment-based nonimmigrant husband or wife of such 
spouse to be employed in such foreign country based on that status.
    ``(II) In subclause (I), the term `employment-based nonimmigrant' 
means an individual who is admitted to a foreign country to perform 
employment similar to the employment described in section 
101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b).''.

SEC. 4103. ELIMINATING IMPEDIMENTS TO WORKER MOBILITY.

    (a) Deference to Prior Approvals.--Section 214(c) (8 U.S.C. 
1184(c)), as amended by section 4102, is further amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(15) Subject to paragraph (2)(D) and subsection (g) and section 
104(c) and subsections (a) and (b) of section 106 of the American 
Competitiveness in the Twenty-first Century Act of 2000 (Public Law 
106-313; 8 U.S.C. 1184 note), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
give deference to a prior approval of a petition in reviewing a 
petition to extend the status of a nonimmigrant admitted under 
subparagraph (H)(i)(b) or (L) of section 101(a)(15) if the petition 
involves the same alien and petitioner unless the Secretary determines 
that--
            ``(A) there was a material error with regard to the 
        previous petition approval;
            ``(B) a substantial change in circumstances has taken 
        place;
            ``(C) new material information has been discovered that 
        adversely impacts the eligibility of the employer or the 
        nonimmigrant; or
            ``(D) in the Secretary's discretion, such extension should 
        not be approved.''.
    (b) Effect of Employment Termination.--Section 214(n) (8 U.S.C. 
1184(n)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(3) A nonimmigrant admitted under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) 
whose employment relationship terminates before the expiration of the 
nonimmigrant's period of authorized admission shall be deemed to have 
retained such legal status throughout the entire 60-day period 
beginning on the date such employment is terminated. A nonimmigrant who 
files a petition to extend, change, or adjust their status at any point 
during such period shall be deemed to have lawful status under section 
101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) while that petition is pending.''.
    (c) Visa Revalidation.--Section 222(c) (8 U.S.C. 1202(c)) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Every alien''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) The Secretary of State may, at the Secretary's discretion, 
renew in the United States the visa of an alien admitted under 
subparagraph (A), (E), (G), (H), (I), (L), (N), (O), (P), (R), or (W) 
section 101(a)(15) if the alien has remained eligible for such status 
and qualifies for a waiver of interview as provided for in subsection 
(h)(1)(D).''.
    (d) Interview Waivers for Low Risk Visa Applicants.--Section 
222(h)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1202(h)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)(iv), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking ``and'' at the end 
        and inserting ``or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) by the Secretary of State, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of Homeland Security, for such 
                aliens or classes of aliens--
                            ``(i) that the Secretary determines 
                        generally represent a low security risk;
                            ``(ii) for which an in-person interview 
                        would not add material benefit to the 
                        adjudication process;
                            ``(iii) unless the Secretary of State, 
                        after a review of all standard database and 
                        biometric checks, the visa application, and 
                        other supporting documents, determines that an 
                        interview is unlikely to reveal derogatory 
                        information; and
                            ``(iv) except that in every case, the 
                        Secretary of State retains the right to require 
                        an applicant to appear for an interview; and''.

SEC. 4104. STEM EDUCATION AND TRAINING.

    (a) Fee.--Section 212(a)(5)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)(A)) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(v) Fee.--An employer shall submit, along 
                        with an application for a certification under 
                        this subparagraph, a fee of $500 which shall be 
                        deposited in the STEM Education and Training 
                        Account established by section 286(s).''.
    (b) Use of Fee.--Section 286(s) (8 U.S.C. 1356(s)) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(s) STEM Education and Training Account.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established in the general fund 
        of the Treasury a separate account, which shall be known as the 
        `STEM Education and Training Account'. Notwithstanding any 
        other section of this title, there shall be deposited as 
        offsetting receipts into the account all fees collected under 
        section 212(a)(5)(A)(v).
            ``(2) Low-income stem scholarship program.--Sixty percent 
        of the amounts deposited into the STEM Education and Training 
        Account shall remain available to the Director of the National 
        Science Foundation until expended for scholarships described in 
        section 414(d) of the American Competitiveness and Workforce 
        Improvement Act of 1998 (42 U.S.C. 1869c) for low-income 
        students enrolled in a program of study leading to a degree in 
        science, technology, engineering, or mathematics.
            ``(3) National science foundation competitive grant program 
        for k-12 science, technology, engineering and mathematics 
        education.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Fifteen percent of the amounts 
                deposited into the STEM Education and Training Account 
                shall remain available to the Director of the National 
                Science Foundation until expended to carry out a direct 
                or matching grant program to support improvement in K-
                12 education, including through private-public 
                partnerships.
                    ``(B) Types of programs covered.--The Director 
                shall award grants to such programs, including those 
                which support the development and implementation of 
                standards-based instructional materials models and 
                related student assessments that enable K-12 students 
                to acquire an understanding of science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics, as well as to develop 
                critical thinking skills; provide systemic improvement 
                in training K-12 teachers and education for students in 
                science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, 
                including by supporting efforts to promote gender-
                equality among students receiving such instruction; 
                support the professional development of K-12 science, 
                technology, engineering and mathematics teachers in the 
                use of technology in the classroom; stimulate system-
                wide K-12 reform of science, technology, engineering, 
                and mathematics in rural, economically disadvantaged 
                regions of the United States; provide externships and 
                other opportunities for students to increase their 
                appreciation and understanding of science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics (including summer 
                institutes sponsored by an institution of higher 
                education for students in grades 7-12 that provide 
                instruction in such fields); involve partnerships of 
                industry, educational institutions, and community 
                organizations to address the educational needs of 
                disadvantaged communities; provide college preparatory 
                support to expose and prepare students for careers in 
                science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; and 
                provide for carrying out systemic reform activities 
                under section 3(a)(1) of the National Science 
                Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1862(a)(1)).
            ``(4) Stem capacity building at minority-serving 
        institutions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Twelve percent of the amounts 
                deposited into the STEM Education and Training Account 
                shall remain available to the Director of the National 
                Science Foundation until expended to establish or 
                expand programs to award grants on a competitive, 
                merit-reviewed basis to enhance the quality of 
                undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics education at minority-serving institutions 
                of higher education and to increase the retention and 
                graduation rates of students pursuing degrees in such 
                fields at such institutions.
                    ``(B) Types of programs covered.--Grants awarded 
                under this paragraph shall be awarded to--
                            ``(i) minority-serving institutions of 
                        higher education for--
                                    ``(I) activities to improve courses 
                                and curriculum in science, technology, 
                                engineering, and mathematics;
                                    ``(II) efforts to promote gender 
                                equality among students enrolled in 
                                such courses;
                                    ``(III) faculty development;
                                    ``(IV) stipends for undergraduate 
                                students participating in research; and
                                    ``(V) other activities consistent 
                                with subparagraph (A), as determined by 
                                the Director; and
                            ``(ii) to other institutions of higher 
                        education to partner with the institutions 
                        described in clause (i) for--
                                    ``(I) faculty and student 
                                development and exchange;
                                    ``(II) research infrastructure 
                                development;
                                    ``(III) joint research projects; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) identification and 
                                development of minority and low-income 
                                candidates for graduate studies in 
                                science, technology, engineering and 
                                mathematics degree programs.
                    ``(C) Institutions included.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `minority-serving institutions of higher 
                education' shall include--
                            ``(i) colleges eligible to receive funds 
                        under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321-
                        326a and 328), including Tuskegee University;
                            ``(ii) 1994 Institutions, as defined in 
                        section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-
                        Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note); 
                        and
                            ``(iii) Hispanic-serving institutions, as 
                        defined in section 502(a)(5) of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1101a(a)(5)).
            ``(5) STEM job training.--Ten percent of amounts deposited 
        into the STEM Education and Training Account shall remain 
        available to the Secretary of Labor until expended for--
                    ``(A) demonstration programs and projects described 
                in section 414(c) of the American Competitiveness and 
                Workforce Improvement Act of 1998; and
                    ``(B) training programs in the fields of science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics for persons 
                who have served honorably in the Armed Forces of the 
                United States and have retired or are retiring from 
                such service.
            ``(6) Use of fees for duties relating to petitions.--One 
        and one-half percent of the amounts deposited into the STEM 
        Education and Training Account shall remain available to the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security until expended to carry out 
        duties under paragraphs (1) (E) or (F) of section 204(a) 
        (related to petitions for immigrants described in section 
        203(b)) and under paragraphs (1) and (9) of section 214(c) 
        (related to petitions made for nonimmigrants described in 
        section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b)).
            ``(7) Use of fees for application processing and 
        enforcement.--One and one-half percent of the amounts deposited 
        into the STEM Education and Training Account shall remain 
        available to the Secretary of Labor until expended for 
        decreasing the processing time for applications under section 
        212(a)(5)(A) and section 212(n)(1).''.

           Subtitle B--H-1B Visa Fraud and Abuse Protections

           CHAPTER 1--H-1B EMPLOYER APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS

SEC. 4211. MODIFICATION OF APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) General Application Requirements.--
            (1) Wage rates.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 212(n)(1)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(n)(1)(A)) is amended--
                            (i) clause (i)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subclause (I), by inserting ``if the 
                                employer is not an H-1B-dependent 
                                employer,'' before ``is offering'';
                                    (II) in subclause (I), by striking 
                                ``question, or'' and inserting 
                                ``question; or'';
                                    (III) in subclause (II), by 
                                striking ``employment,'' and inserting 
                                ``employment;'' and
                                    (IV) in the undesignated material 
                                following subclause (II), by striking 
                                ``application, and'' and inserting 
                                ``application;''; and
                            (ii) by striking clause (ii) and inserting 
                        the following:
                    ``(ii) if the employer is an H-1B-dependent 
                employer, is offering and will offer to H-1B 
                nonimmigrants, during the period of authorized 
                employment for each H-1B nonimmigrant, wages that are 
                not less than the level 2 wages set out in subsection 
                (p); and
                    ``(iii) will provide working conditions for H-1B 
                nonimmigrants that will not adversely affect the 
                working conditions of other workers similarly 
                employed.''.
            (2) Strengthening the prevailing wage system.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 212(p) (8 U.S.C. 1182(p)) 
                is amended to read as follows:
    ``(p) Computation of Prevailing Wage Level.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Surveys.--For employers of nonimmigrants 
                admitted pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b), the 
                Secretary of Labor shall make available to employers a 
                governmental survey to determine the prevailing wage 
                for each occupational classification by metropolitan 
                statistical area in the United States. Such survey, or 
                other survey approved by the Secretary of Labor, shall 
                provide 3 levels of wages commensurate with experience, 
                education, and level of supervision. Such wage levels 
                shall be determined as follows:
                            ``(i) The first level shall be the mean of 
                        the lowest two-thirds of wages surveyed, but in 
                        no case less than 80 percent of the mean of the 
                        wages surveyed.
                            ``(ii) The second level shall be the mean 
                        of wages surveyed.
                            ``(iii) The third level shall be the mean 
                        of the highest two-thirds of wages surveyed.
                    ``(B) Educational, nonprofit, research, and 
                governmental entities.--In computing the prevailing 
                wage level for an occupational classification in an 
                area of employment for purposes of section 203(b)(1)(D) 
                and subsections (a)(5)(A), (n)(1)(A)(i)(II), and 
                (t)(1)(A)(i)(II) of this section in the case of an 
                employee of--
                            ``(i) an institution of higher education, 
                        or a related or affiliated nonprofit entity; or
                            ``(ii) a nonprofit research organization or 
                        a governmental research organization;
                the prevailing wage level shall only take into account 
                employees at such institutions and organizations in the 
                area of employment.
            ``(2) Payment of prevailing wage.--The prevailing wage 
        level required to be paid pursuant to section 203(b)(1)(D) and 
        subsections (a)(5)(A), (n)(1)(A)(i)(II), and (t)(1)(A)(i)(II) 
        of this section shall be 100 percent of the wage level 
        determined pursuant to those sections.
            ``(3) Professional athlete.--With respect to a professional 
        athlete (as defined in subsection (a)(5)(A)(iii)(II)) when the 
        job opportunity is covered by professional sports league rules 
        or regulations, the wage set forth in those rules or 
        regulations shall be considered as not adversely affecting the 
        wages of United States workers similarly employed and be 
        considered the prevailing wage.
            ``(4) Wages for h-2b employees.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The wages paid to H-2B 
                nonimmigrants employed by the employer will be the 
                greater of--
                            ``(i) the actual wage level paid by the 
                        employer to other employees with similar 
                        experience and qualifications for such 
                        position; or
                            ``(ii) the prevailing wage level for the 
                        occupational classification of the position in 
                        the geographic area of the employment, based on 
                        the best information available as of the time 
                        of filing the application.
                    ``(B) Best information available.--In subparagraph 
                (A), the term `best information available', with 
                respect to determining the prevailing wage for a 
                position, means--
                            ``(i) a controlling collective bargaining 
                        agreement or Federal contract wage, if 
                        applicable;
                            ``(ii) if there is no applicable wage under 
                        clause (i), the wage level commensurate with 
                        the experience, training, and supervision 
                        required for the job based on Bureau of Labor 
                        Statistics data; or
                            ``(iii) if the data referred to in clause 
                        (ii) is not available, a legitimate and recent 
                        private survey of the wages paid for such 
                        positions in the metropolitan statistical 
                        area.''.
            (3) Wages for educational, nonprofit, research, and 
        governmental entities.--Section 212 is amended by adding at the 
        end the following:
    ``(v) Determination of Prevailing Wage.--In the case of a nonprofit 
institution of higher education (as defined in section 101(a) of the 
Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), a related or 
affiliated nonprofit entity, a nonprofit research organization, or a 
Governmental research organization, the Secretary of Labor shall 
determine such wage levels as follows:
            ``(1) If the Secretary of Labor uses, or makes available to 
        employers, a governmental survey to determine the prevailing 
        wage, such survey shall provide at least 4 levels of wages 
        commensurate with experience, education, and the level of 
        supervision.
            ``(2) If an existing government survey has only 2 levels, 2 
        intermediate levels may be created by dividing by 3, the 
        difference between the 2 levels offered, adding the quotient 
        thus obtained to the first level and subtracting that quotient 
        from the second level .
            ``(3) For institutions of higher education, only teaching 
        positions and research positions may be paid using this special 
        educational wage level.''.
    (b) Internet Posting Requirement.--Section 212(n)(1)(C) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(n)(1)(C)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clause (ii) as subclause (II);
            (2) by striking ``(i) has provided'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(ii)(I) has provided''; and
            (3) by striking ``sought, or'' and inserting ``sought; 
        or'';
            (4) by inserting before clause (ii), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
                    ``(i) has advertised on the Internet website 
                maintained by the Secretary of Labor for the purpose of 
                such advertising, for at least 30 calendar days, a 
                detailed description of each position for which a 
                nonimmigrant is sought that includes a description of--
                            ``(I) the wage ranges and other terms and 
                        conditions of employment;
                            ``(II) the minimum education, training, 
                        experience, and other requirements for the 
                        position; and
                            ``(III) the process for applying for the 
                        position; and''.
    (c) Application of Requirements to All Employers.--
            (1) Nondisplacement.--Section 212(n)(1)(E) (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(n)(1)(E)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(E)(i)(I) Subject to subclause (II), in the case of an 
        application filed by an employer that is not an H-1B-dependent 
        employer, the employer did not displace and will not displace a 
        United States worker (as defined in paragraph (4)) employed by 
        the employer within the period beginning 90 days before and 
        ending 90 days after the date of filing of any visa petition 
        supported by the application.
            ``(II) An employer who is not an H-1B-dependent employer 
        shall not be subject to clause (i) if the number of United 
        States workers employed by such employer in the same job zone 
        as the H-1B nonimmigrant has not decreased during the 1-year 
        period ending on the date of the labor condition application 
        filed by the employer.
            ``(ii)(I) In the case of an application filed by an H-1B-
        dependent employer, the employer did not displace and will not 
        displace a United States worker (as defined in paragraph (4)) 
        employed by the employer within the period beginning 180 days 
        before and ending 180 days after the date of the filing of any 
        visa petition supported by the application.
            ``(II) An application described in this clause is an 
        application filed on or after the date final regulations are 
        first promulgated to carry out this subparagraph, and before by 
        an H-1B-dependent employer (as defined in paragraph (3)) or by 
        an employer that has been found, on or after the date of the 
        enactment of the American Competitiveness and Workforce 
        Improvement Act of 1998, under paragraph (2)(C) or (5) to have 
        committed a willful failure or misrepresentation during the 5-
        year period preceding the filing of the application.
            ``(iii) In this subparagraph, the term` job zone' means a 
        zone assigned to an occupation by--
                    ``(I) the Occupational Information Network Database 
                (O*NET) on the date of the enactment of this Act; or
                    ``(II) such Database or a similar successor 
                database, as designated by the Secretary of Labor, 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act.''.
            (2) Recruitment.--Section 212(n)(1)(G) (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(n)(1)(G)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(G) An employer, prior to filing the application--
                    ``(i) has advertised the job on an Internet website 
                maintained by the Secretary of Labor for the purpose of 
                such advertising;
                    ``(ii) has offered the job to any United States 
                worker who applies and is equally or better qualified 
                for the job for which the nonimmigrant or nonimmigrants 
                is or are sought; and
                    ``(iii) if the employer is an H-1B-dependent 
                employer, has taken good faith steps to recruit, in the 
                United States using procedures that meet industry-wide 
                standards and offering compensation that is at least as 
                great as that required to be offered to H-1B 
                nonimmigrants under subparagraph (A), United States 
                workers for the job for which the nonimmigrant or 
                nonimmigrants is or are sought.''.
    (d) Outplacement.--Section 212(n)(1)(F) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(1)(F)) is 
amended to read as follows:
                    ``(F)(i) An H-1B-dependent employer may not place, 
                outsource, lease, or otherwise contract for the 
                services or placement of an H-1B nonimmigrant employee.
                    ``(ii) An employer that is not an H-1B-dependent 
                employer and not described in paragraph (3)(A)(i) may 
                not place, outsource, lease, or otherwise contract for 
                the services or placement of an H-1B nonimmigrant 
                employee unless the employer pays a fee of $500.
                    ``(iii) A fee collected under clause (ii) shall be 
                deposited in the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
                Fund established under section 6 of the Border 
                Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
                Modernization Act.''.
    (e) H-1B-dependent Employer Defined.--Section 212(n)(3) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(n)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(3)(A) For purposes of complying with the requirements related to 
outplacement of an employee, the term `H-1B-dependent employer' means 
an employer that--
            ``(i) is not a nonprofit institution of higher education, a 
        nonprofit research organization, or an employer whose primary 
        line of business is healthcare and who is petitioning for a 
        physician, a nurse, or physical therapist or a substantially 
        equivalent healthcare occupation; and
            ``(ii)(I) in the case of an employer that has 25 or fewer 
        full-time equivalent employees who are employed in the United 
        States, employs more than 7 H-1B nonimmigrants;
            ``(II) in the case of an employer that has at least 26 but 
        not more than 50 full-time equivalent employees who are 
        employed in the United States, employs more than 12 H-1B 
        nonimmigrant; or
            ``(III) in the case of an employer that has at least 51 
        full-time equivalent employees who are employed in the United 
        States, employs H-1B nonimmigrants in a number that is equal to 
        at least 15 percent of the number of such full-time equivalent 
        employees.
    ``(B) In determining the number of employees who are H-1B 
nonimmigrants under subparagraph (A)(ii), an intending immigrant 
employee shall not count toward such number''.
    (f) Intending Immigrants Defined.--Section 101(a) (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(53)(A) The term `intending immigrant' means, with 
        respect to the number of aliens employed by an employer, an 
        alien who intends to work and reside permanently in the United 
        States, as evidenced by--
                    ``(i) for a covered employer, an approved 
                application for a labor certification or an application 
                that has been pending for longer than 1 year; or
                    ``(ii) a pending or approved immigrant status 
                petition filed for such alien.
            ``(B) In this paragraph:
                    ``(i) The term `covered employer' means an employer 
                of an alien that, during the 1-year period ending on 
                the date the employer files an application for the 
                labor certification for such alien, has filed an 
                immigrant status petition for not less than 90 percent 
                of the aliens for whom the employer filed an 
                application for a labor certification during such 
                period. Labor certification applications that have been 
                pending for longer than 1 year may be treated for this 
                calculation as if the employer filed an immigrant 
                status petition
                    ``(ii) The term `labor certification' means an 
                employment certification under section 212(a)(5)(A).
                    ``(iii) The term `immigrant status petition' means 
                a petition filed under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 
                section 203(b).
            ``(C) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for all--
                    ``(i) calculations under this Act of the number of 
                aliens admitted pursuant to subparagraph (H)(i)(b) or 
                (L) of paragraph (15) an intending immigrant shall be 
                counted as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
                residence and shall not be counted as an employee 
                admitted pursuant to such a subparagraph; and
                    ``(ii) determinations of the number of employees or 
                United States workers employed by an employer, all of 
                the employees in any group treated as a single employer 
                under subsection (b), (c), (m), or (o) of section 414 
                of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be 
                counted.''.

SEC. 4212. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION OF NONIMMIGRANT NURSES IN HEALTH 
              PROFESSIONAL SHORTAGE AREAS.

    (a) Extension of Period of Authorized Admission.--Section 212(m)(3) 
(8 U.S.C. 1182(m)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(3) The initial period of authorized admission as a nonimmigrant 
under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(c) shall be 3 years, and may be extended 
once for an additional 3-year period.''.
    (b) Number of Visas.--Section 212(m)(4) (8 U.S.C. 1182(m)(4)) is 
amended by striking ``500.'' and inserting ``300.''.
    (c) Portability.--Section 214(n) (8 U.S.C. 1184(n)), as amended by 
section 4103(b), is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(4)(A) A nonimmigrant alien described in subparagraph (B) who was 
previously issued a visa or otherwise provided nonimmigrant status 
under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(c) is authorized to accept new 
employment performing services as a registered nurse for a facility 
described in section 212(m)(6) upon the filing by the prospective 
employer of a new petition on behalf of such nonimmigrant as provided 
under subsection (c). Employment authorization shall continue for such 
alien until the new petition is adjudicated. If the new petition is 
denied, such authorization shall cease.
    ``(B) A nonimmigrant alien described in this paragraph is a 
nonimmigrant alien--
            ``(i) who has been lawfully admitted into the United 
        States;
            ``(ii) on whose behalf an employer has filed a nonfrivolous 
        petition for new employment before the date of expiration of 
        the period of stay authorized by the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, except that, if a nonimmigrant described in section 
        101(a)(15)(H)(i)(c) is terminated or laid off by the 
        nonimmigrant's employer, or otherwise ceases employment with 
        the employer, such petition for new employment shall be filed 
        during the 45-day period beginning on the date of such 
        termination, lay off, or cessation; and
            ``(iii) who, subsequent to such lawful admission, has not 
        been employed without authorization in the United States before 
        the filing of such petition.''.
    (d) Applicability.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning on the commencement date 
        described in paragraph (2), the amendments made by section 2 of 
        the Nursing Relief for Disadvantaged Areas Act of 1999 (Public 
        Law 106-95; 113 Stat. 1313), and the amendments made by this 
        section, shall apply to classification petitions filed for 
        nonimmigrant status. This period shall be in addition to the 
        period described in section 2(e) of the Nursing Relief for 
        Disadvantaged Areas Act of 1999 (8 U.S.C. 1182 note).
            (2) Commencement date.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        determine whether regulations are necessary to implement the 
        amendments made by this section. If the Secretary determines 
        that no such regulations are necessary, the commencement date 
        described in this paragraph shall be the date of such 
        determination. If the Secretary determines that regulations are 
        necessary to implement any amendment made by this section, the 
        commencement date described in this paragraph shall be the date 
        on which such regulations (in final form) take effect.

SEC. 4213. NEW APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 212(n)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(1)) is amended by inserting 
after clause (iii) of subparagraph (G) , as amended by section 
4211(c)(2),the following:
            ``(H)(i) The employer has not advertised any available 
        position specified in the application in an advertisement that 
        states or indicates that--
                    ``(I) such position is only available to an 
                individual who is or will be an H-1B nonimmigrant or an 
                alien participating in optional practical training 
                pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(F)(i); or
                    ``(II) an individual who is or will be an H-1B 
                nonimmigrant or participant in such optional practical 
                training shall receive priority or a preference in the 
                hiring process for such position.
            ``(ii) The employer has not solely recruited individuals 
        who are or who will be H-1B nonimmigrants or participants in 
        optional practical training pursuant to section 
        101(a)(15)(F)(i) to fill such position.
            ``(I)(i) If the employer (other than an educational or 
        research employer) employs 50 or more employees in the United 
        States, the sum of the number of such employees who are H-1B 
        nonimmigrants plus the number of such employees who are 
        nonimmigrants described in section 101(a)(15)(L) may not 
        exceed--
                    ``(I) 75 percent of the total number of employees, 
                for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(II) 65 percent of the total number of employees, 
                for fiscal year 2016; and
                    ``(III) 50 percent of the total number of 
                employees, for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2016.
            ``(ii) In this subparagraph:
                    ``(I) The term `educational or research employer' 
                means an employer that is a nonprofit institution of 
                higher education or a nonprofit research organization 
                described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue 
                Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under 501(a) of 
                that Code.
                    ``(II) The term `H-1B nonimmigrant' means an alien 
                admitted as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 
                101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b).
                    ``(III) The term `L nonimmigrant' means an alien 
                admitted as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 
                101(a)(15)(L) to provide services to his or her 
                employer involving specialized knowledge.
            ``(iii) In determining the percentage of employees of an 
        employer that are H-1B nonimmigrants or L nonimmigrants under 
        clause (i), an intending immigrant employee shall not count 
        toward such percentage.
            ``(J) The employer shall submit to the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security an annual report that includes the Internal 
        Revenue Service Form W-2 Wage and Tax Statement filed by the 
        employer for each H-1B nonimmigrant employed by the employer 
        during the previous year.''.

SEC. 4214. APPLICATION REVIEW REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Technical Amendment.--Section 212(n)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(1)), 
as amended by section 4213, is further amended in the undesignated 
paragraph at the end, by striking ``The employer'' and inserting the 
following:
            ``(K) The employer''.
    (b) Application Review Requirements.--Subparagraph (K) of such 
section 212(n)(1), as designated by subsection (a), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and through the Department of Labor's 
        website, without charge.'' after ``D.C.'';
            (2) by striking ``only for completeness'' and inserting 
        ``for completeness and evidence of fraud or misrepresentation 
        of material fact,'';
            (3) by striking ``or obviously inaccurate'' and inserting 
        ``, presents evidence of fraud or misrepresentation of material 
        fact, or is obviously inaccurate'';
            (4) by striking ``within 7 days of the'' and inserting 
        ``not later than 14 after''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following: ``If the 
        Secretary's review of an application identifies evidence of 
        fraud or misrepresentation of material fact, the Secretary may 
        conduct an investigation and hearing in accordance with 
        paragraph (2).''.
    (c) Filing of Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker.--Section 212(n)(1) 
(8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(1)), as amended by section 4213, is further amended 
by adding at the end the following:
            ``(L) An I-129 Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker (or similar 
        successor form)--
                    ``(i) may be filed by an employer with the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security prior to the date the 
                employer receives an approved certification described 
                in section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) from the Secretary of 
                Labor; and
                    ``(ii) may not be approved by the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security until the date such certification is 
                approved.''.

 CHAPTER 2-- INVESTIGATION AND DISPOSITION OF COMPLAINTS AGAINST H-1B 
                               EMPLOYERS

SEC. 4221. GENERAL MODIFICATION OF PROCEDURES FOR INVESTIGATION AND 
              DISPOSITION.

    Subparagraph (A) of section 212(n)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``(A) Subject'' and inserting ``(A)(i) 
        Subject'';
            (2) by striking ``12 months'' and inserting ``24 months'';
            (3) by striking the last sentence; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(ii)(I) Upon the receipt of such a complaint, the 
                Secretary may initiate an investigation to determine if 
                such a failure or misrepresentation has occurred.
                    ``(II) The Secretary may conduct voluntary surveys 
                of the degree to which employers comply with the 
                requirements of this subsection.
                    ``(III) The Secretary shall--
                            ``(aa) conduct annual compliance audits of 
                        each employer with more than 100 employees who 
                        work in the United States if more than 15 
                        percent of such employees are H-1B 
                        nonimmigrants; and
                            ``(bb) make available to the public an 
                        executive summary or report describing the 
                        general findings of the audits carried out 
                        pursuant to this subclause.''.

SEC. 4222. INVESTIGATION, WORKING CONDITIONS, AND PENALTIES.

    Subparagraph (C) of section 212(n)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subclause (I)--
                            (i) by striking ``a condition of paragraph 
                        (1)(B), (1)(E), or (1)(F)'' and inserting ``a 
                        condition under subparagraph (A), (B), (C)(i), 
                        (E), (F), (G)(i)(I), (H), (I), or (J) of 
                        paragraph (1)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``(1)(C)'' and inserting 
                        ``(1)(C)(ii)'';
                    (B) in subclause (I)--
                            (i) by striking ``$1,000'' and inserting 
                        ``$2,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in subclause (II), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon and ``and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(III) an employer that violates such subparagraph (A) 
        shall be liable to any employee harmed by such violations for 
        lost wages and benefits.''; and
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) in subclause (I)--
                            (i) by striking ``may'' and inserting 
                        ``shall''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``$5,000'' and inserting 
                        ``$10,000'';
                    (B) in subclause (II), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon and ``and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(III) an employer that violates such subparagraph (A) 
        shall be liable to any employee harmed by such violations for 
        lost wages and benefits.'';
            (3) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by 
                striking ``90 days'' both places it appears and 
                inserting ``180 days'';
                    (B) in subclause (I)--
                            (i) by striking ``may'' and inserting 
                        ``shall''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in subclause (II), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon and ``and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(III) an employer that violates subparagraph (A) of such 
        paragraph shall be liable to any employee harmed by such 
        violations for lost wages and benefits.'';
            (4) in clause (iv)--
                    (A) by inserting ``to take, or threaten to take, a 
                personnel action, or'' before ``to intimidate'';
                    (B) by inserting ``(I)'' after ``(iv)''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(II) An employer that violates this clause shall be 
        liable to any H-1B nonimmigrant employee harmed by such 
        violation for lost wages and benefits.''; and
            (5) in clause (vi)--
                    (A) by amending subclause (I) to read as follows:
            ``(I) It is a violation of this clause for an employer who 
        has filed an application under this subsection--
                    ``(aa) to require an H-1B nonimmigrant to pay a 
                penalty for ceasing employment with the employer prior 
                to a date agreed to by the nonimmigrant and the 
                employer (the Secretary shall determine whether a 
                required payment is a penalty, and not liquidated 
                damages, pursuant to relevant State law); and
                    ``(bb) to fail to offer to an H-1B nonimmigrant, 
                during the nonimmigrant's period of authorized 
                employment, on the same basis, and in accordance with 
                the same criteria, as the employer offers to similarly 
                situated United States workers, benefits and 
                eligibility for benefits, including--
                            ``(AA) the opportunity to participate in 
                        health, life, disability, and other insurance 
                        plans;
                            ``(BB) the opportunity to participate in 
                        retirement and savings plans; and
                            ``(CC) cash bonuses and noncash 
                        compensation, such as stock options (whether or 
                        not based on performance).''; and
                    (B) in subclause (III), by striking ``$1,000'' and 
                inserting ``$2,000''.

SEC. 4223. INITIATION OF INVESTIGATIONS.

    Subparagraph (G) of section 212(n)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``if the Secretary'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``with regard to the employer's 
        compliance with the requirements of this subsection.'';
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``and whose identity'' and 
        all that follows through ``failure or failures.'' and inserting 
        ``the Secretary of Labor may conduct an investigation into the 
        employer's compliance with the requirements of this 
        subsection.'';
            (3) in clause (iii), by striking the last sentence;
            (4) by striking clauses (iv) and (v);
            (5) by redesignating clauses (vi), (vii), and (viii) as 
        clauses (iv), (v), and (vi), respectively;
            (6) in clause (iv), as so redesignated, by striking ``meet 
        a condition described in clause (ii), unless the Secretary of 
        Labor receives the information not later than 12 months'' and 
        inserting ``comply with the requirements under this subsection, 
        unless the Secretary of Labor receives the information not 
        later than 24 months'';
            (7) by amending clause (v), as so redesignated, to read as 
        follows:
            ``(v) The Secretary of Labor shall provide notice to an 
        employer of the intent to conduct an investigation. The notice 
        shall be provided in such a manner, and shall contain 
        sufficient detail, to permit the employer to respond to the 
        allegations before an investigation is commenced. The Secretary 
        is not required to comply with this clause if the Secretary 
        determines that such compliance would interfere with an effort 
        by the Secretary to investigate or secure compliance by the 
        employer with the requirements of this subsection. A 
        determination by the Secretary under this clause shall not be 
        subject to judicial review.'';
            (8) in clause (vi), as so redesignated, by striking ``An 
        investigation'' and all that follows through ``the 
        determination.'' and inserting ``If the Secretary of Labor, 
        after an investigation under clause (i) or (ii), determines 
        that a reasonable basis exists to make a finding that the 
        employer has failed to comply with the requirements under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall provide interested parties with 
        notice of such determination and an opportunity for a hearing 
        in accordance with section 556 of title 5, United States Code, 
        not later than 120 days after the date of such 
        determination.''; and
            (9) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(vii) If the Secretary of Labor, after a hearing, finds a 
        reasonable basis to believe that the employer has violated the 
        requirements under this subsection, the Secretary shall impose 
        a penalty under subparagraph (C).''.

SEC. 4224. INFORMATION SHARING.

    Subparagraph (H) of section 212(n)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(2)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(H) The Director of United States Citizenship and Immigration 
Services shall provide the Secretary of Labor with any information 
contained in the materials submitted by employers of H-1B nonimmigrants 
as part of the adjudication process that indicates that the employer is 
not complying with visa program requirements for H-1B nonimmigrants. 
The Secretary may initiate and conduct an investigation related to H-1B 
nonimmigrants and hearing under this paragraph after receiving 
information of noncompliance under this subparagraph. This subparagraph 
may not be construed to prevent the Secretary of Labor from taking 
action related to wage and hour and workplace safety laws.''.

                      CHAPTER 3--OTHER PROTECTIONS

SEC. 4231. POSTING AVAILABLE POSITIONS THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.

    (a) Department of Labor Website.--Section 212(n) (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)) 
is amended by adding at the end following:
    ``(6)(A) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
Modernization Act, the Secretary of Labor shall establish a searchable 
Internet website for posting positions as required by paragraph (1)(C). 
Such website shall be available to the public without charge.
    ``(B) The Secretary may work with private companies or nonprofit 
organizations to develop and operate the Internet website described in 
subparagraph (A).
    ``(C) The Secretary may promulgate rules, after notice and a period 
for comment, to carry out the requirements of this paragraph.''.
    (b) Requirement for Publication.--The Secretary of Labor shall 
submit to Congress and publish in the Federal Register and other 
appropriate media a notice of the date that the Internet website 
required by paragraph (6) of section 212(n) of such Act, as amended by 
subsection (a), will be operational.
    (c) Application.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply 
to an application filed on or after the date that is 30 days after the 
date described in subsection (b).

SEC. 4232. H-1B GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY AND REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Immigration Documents.--Section 204 (8 U.S.C. 1154) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Employer To Provide Immigration Paperwork Exchanged With 
Federal Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after a Labor 
        Condition Application is filed, an employer shall provide an 
        employee or beneficiary of such Application who is or seeking 
        to be an nonimmigrant described in subparagraph (H)(i)(b) of 
        (L) of section 101(a)(15) with a copy the original of all 
        applications and petitions filed by the employer with the 
        Department of Labor or the Department of Homeland Security for 
        such employee or beneficiary.
            ``(2) Withholding of financial or proprietary 
        information.--If a document required to be provided to an 
        employee or beneficiary under paragraph (1) includes any 
        financial or propriety information of the employer, the 
        employer may redact such information from the copies provided 
        to such employee or beneficiary.''.
    (b) Report on Job Classification and Wage Determinations.--Not 
later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall prepare a report 
analyzing the accuracy and effectiveness of the Secretary of Labor's 
current job classification and wage determination system. The report 
shall--
            (1) specifically address whether the systems in place 
        accurately reflect the complexity of current job types as well 
        as geographic wage differences; and
            (2) make recommendations concerning necessary updates and 
        modifications.

SEC. 4233. REQUIREMENTS FOR INFORMATION FOR H-1B AND L NONIMMIGRANTS.

    Section 214 (8 U.S.C. 1184), as amended by section 3608, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(t) Requirements for Information for H-1B and L Nonimmigrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Upon issuing a visa to an applicant for 
        nonimmigrant status pursuant to subparagraph (H)(i)(b) or (L) 
        of section 101(a)(15) who is outside the United States, the 
        issuing office shall provide the applicant with--
                    ``(A) a brochure outlining the obligations of the 
                applicant's employer and the rights of the applicant 
                with regard to employment under Federal law, including 
                labor and wage protections; and
                    ``(B) the contact information for appropriate 
                Federal agencies or departments that offer additional 
                information or assistance in clarifying such 
                obligations and rights.
            ``(2) Provision of material.--Upon the approval of an 
        application of an applicant referred to in paragraph (1), the 
        applicant shall be provided with the material described in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) by the issuing officer of the Department of 
                Homeland Security, if the applicant is inside the 
                United States; or
                    ``(B) by the appropriate official of the Department 
                of State, if the applicant is outside the United 
                States.''.

SEC. 4234. FILING FEE FOR H-1B-DEPENDENT EMPLOYERS.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, there 
shall be a fee required to be submitted by an employer with an 
application for admission of an H-1B nonimmigrant as follows:
            (1) For each of the fiscal years 2015 through 2024, $5,000 
        for applicants that employ 50 or more employees in the United 
        States if more than 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the 
        applicant's employees are H-1B nonimmigrants or L 
        nonimmigrants.
            (2) For each of the fiscal years 2015 through 2017, $10,000 
        for applicants that employ 50 or more employees in the United 
        States if more than 50 percent and less than 75 percent of the 
        applicant's employees are H-1B nonimmigrants or L 
        nonimmigrants.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Employer.--The term ``employer''--
                    (A) means any entity or entities treated as a 
                single employer under subsection (b), (c), (m), or (o) 
                of section 414 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; 
                and
                    (B) does not include a nonprofit institution of 
                higher education or a nonprofit research organization 
                described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue 
                Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under 501(a) of 
                that Code that is--
                            (i) an institution of higher education (as 
                        defined in section 101(a) of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a))); or
                            (ii) a research organization.
            (2) H-1B nonimmigrant.--The term ``H-1B nonimmigrant'' 
        means an alien admitted as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 
        101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b)).
            (3) Intending immigrant.--The term ``intending immigrant'' 
        has the meaning given that term in paragraph (53) of section 
        101(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)).
            (4) L nonimmigrant.--The term ``L nonimmigrant'' means an 
        alien admitted as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 
        101(a)(15)(L) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(15)(L)) to provide services to the alien's employer 
        involving specialized knowledge.
    (c) Exception for Intending Immigrants.--In determining the 
percentage of employees of an employer that are H-1B nonimmigrants or L 
nonimmigrants under subsection (a), an intending immigrant employee 
shall not count toward such percentage.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 402 of the Act entitled ``An Act 
making emergency supplemental appropriations for border security for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2010, and for other purposes'', 
approved August 13, 2010 (Public Law 111-230; 8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is 
amended by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 4235. PROVIDING PREMIUM PROCESSING OF EMPLOYMENT-BASED VISA 
              PETITIONS.

    Pursuant to section 286(u) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
(8 U.S.C. 1356(u)), the Secretary shall establish and collect--
            (1) a fee for premium processing of employment-based 
        immigrant petitions; and
            (2) a fee for premium processing of an administrative 
        appeal of any decision on a permanent employment-based 
        immigrant petition.

SEC. 4236. TECHNICAL CORRECTION.

    Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182) is amended by redesignating the second 
subsection (t), as added by section 1(b)(2)(B) of the Act entitled ``An 
Act to amend and extend the Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training 
Program Act of 1998'' (Public Law 108-449 (118 Stat. 3470)), as 
subsection (u).

SEC. 4237. APPLICATION.

    Except as specifically otherwise provided, the amendments made by 
this subtitle shall apply to applications filed on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

             Subtitle C--L Visa Fraud and Abuse Protections

SEC. 4301. PROHIBITION ON OUTPLACEMENT OF L NONIMMIGRANTS.

    Subparagraph (F) of section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(F) The employer of an alien described in section 101(a)(15)(L) 
shall not place, outsource, lease, or otherwise contract for the 
services or placement of such alien with another employer unless--
            ``(i) the other employer is an affiliate, subsidiary, or 
        parent entity of the petitioning employer;
            ``(ii) such alien will not be controlled or supervised 
        principally by the employer with whom such alien would be 
        placed;
            ``(iii) the placement of such alien at the worksite of the 
        other employer, who is not described in clause (i), is not 
        essentially an arrangement to provide labor for hire for the 
        other employer; and
            ``(iv) the other employer attests that the other employer 
        has not displaced and will not displace a United States worker 
        during the period beginning 90 days prior to and 90 days after 
        the date the employer files the application.''.

SEC. 4302. L EMPLOYER PETITION REQUIREMENTS FOR EMPLOYMENT AT NEW 
              OFFICES.

    Section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(G)(i) If the beneficiary of a petition under this paragraph is 
coming to the United States to open, or be employed in, a new office, 
the petition may be approved for up to 12 months only if--
            ``(I) the alien has not been the beneficiary of 2 or more 
        petitions under this subparagraph during the immediately 
        preceding 2 years; and
            ``(II) the employer operating the new office has--
                    ``(aa) an adequate business plan;
                    ``(bb) sufficient physical premises to carry out 
                the proposed business activities; and
                    ``(cc) the financial ability to commence doing 
                business immediately upon the approval of the petition.
    ``(ii) An extension of the approval period under clause (i) may not 
be granted until the importing employer submits an application to the 
Secretary of Homeland Security that contains--
            ``(I) evidence that the importing employer meets the 
        requirements of this subsection;
            ``(II) evidence that the beneficiary of the petition is 
        eligible for nonimmigrant status under section 101(a)(15)(L);
            ``(III) a statement summarizing the original petition;
            ``(IV) evidence that the importing employer has complied 
        with the business plan submitted under clause (i)(I);
            ``(V) evidence of the truthfulness of any representations 
        made in connection with the filing of the original petition;
            ``(VI) evidence that the importing employer has been doing 
        business at the new office through regular, systematic, and 
        continuous provision of goods and services;
            ``(VII) a statement of the duties the beneficiary has 
        performed at the new office during the approval period under 
        clause (i) and the duties the beneficiary will perform at the 
        new office during the extension period granted under this 
        clause;
            ``(VIII) a statement describing the staffing at the new 
        office, including the number of employees and the types of 
        positions held by such employees;
            ``(IX) evidence of wages paid to employees;
            ``(X) evidence of the financial status of the new office; 
        and
            ``(XI) any other evidence or data prescribed by the 
        Secretary.
    ``(iii) A new office employing the beneficiary of an L-1 petition 
approved under this paragraph shall do business only through regular, 
systematic, and continuous provision of goods and services.
    ``(iv) Notwithstanding clause (ii), and subject to the maximum 
period of authorized admission set forth in subparagraph (D), the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, in the Secretary's discretion, may 
approve a subsequently filed petition on behalf of the beneficiary to 
continue employment at the office described in this subparagraph for a 
period beyond the initially granted 12-month period if the importing 
employer has been doing business at the new office through regular, 
systematic, and continuous provision of goods and services for the 6 
months immediately preceding the date of extension of petition filing 
and demonstrates that the failure to satisfy any of the requirements 
described in those subclauses was directly caused by extraordinary 
circumstances, as determined by the Secretary in the Secretary's 
discretion.''.

SEC. 4303. COOPERATION WITH SECRETARY OF STATE.

    Section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)), as amended by section 
4302, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(H) For purposes of approving petitions under this paragraph, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall work cooperatively with the 
Secretary of State to verify the existence or continued existence of a 
company or office in the United States or in a foreign country.''.

SEC. 4304. LIMITATION ON EMPLOYMENT OF L NONIMMIGRANTS.

    Section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)), as amended by sections 
4302 and 4303, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(I)(i) If the employer employs 50 or more employees in the United 
States, the sum of the number of such employees who are H-1B 
nonimmigrants plus the number of such employees who are L nonimmigrants 
may not exceed--
            ``(I) 75 percent of the total number of employees, for 
        fiscal year 2015;
            ``(II) 65 percent of the total number of employees, for 
        fiscal year 2016; and
            ``(III) 50 percent of the total number of employees, for 
        each fiscal year after fiscal year 2016.
    ``(ii) In this subparagraph:
            ``(I) The term `employer' does not include a nonprofit 
        institution of higher education or a nonprofit research 
        organization/an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation 
        under 501(a) of that Code that is--
                    ``(aa) an institution of higher education (as 
                defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a))); or
                    ``(bb) a research organization.
            ``(II) The term `H-1B nonimmigrant' means an alien admitted 
        as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b).
            ``(III) The term `L nonimmigrant' means an alien admitted 
        as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(L) to provide 
        services to the alien's employer involving specialized 
        knowledge.
    ``(iii) In determining the percentage of employees of an employer 
that are H-1B nonimmigrants or L nonimmigrants under clause (i), an 
intending immigrant employee shall not count toward such percentage.''.

SEC. 4305. FILING FEE FOR L NONIMMIGRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
filing fee for an application for admission of an L nonimmigrant shall 
be as follows:
            (1) For each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2024, $5,000 
        for applicants that employ 50 or more employees in the United 
        States if more than 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the 
        applicant's employees are H-1B nonimmigrants or L 
        nonimmigrants.
            (2) For each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2017, $10,000 
        for applicants that employ 50 or more employees in the United 
        States if more than 50 percent and less than 75 percent of the 
        applicant's employees are H-1B nonimmigrants or L 
        nonimmigrants.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Employer.--The term ``employer'' does not include a 
        nonprofit institution of higher education or a nonprofit 
        research organization/an organization described in section 
        501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from 
        taxation under 501(a) of that Code that is--
                    (A) an institution of higher education (as defined 
                in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1001(a))); or
                    (B) a research organization.
            (2) H-1B nonimmigrant.--The term ``H-1B nonimmigrant'' 
        means an alien admitted as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 
        101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b)).
            (3) L nonimmigrant.--The term ``L nonimmigrant'' means an 
        alien admitted as a nonimmigrant pursuant to section 
        101(a)(15)(L) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(15)(L)) to provide services to the alien's employer 
        involving specialized knowledge.
    (c) Exception for Intending Immigrants.--In determining the 
percentage of employees of an employer that are H-1B nonimmigrants or L 
nonimmigrants under subsection (a), an intending immigrant employee 
shall not count toward such percentage.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 402 of the Act entitled ``An Act 
making emergency supplemental appropriations for border security for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2010, and for other purposes'', 
approved August 13, 2010 (Public Law 111-230; 8 U.S.C. 1101 note), as 
amended by section 4234(d), is further amended by striking subsections 
(a) and (c).

SEC. 4306. INVESTIGATION AND DISPOSITION OF COMPLAINTS AGAINST L 
              NONIMMIGRANT EMPLOYERS.

    Section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)), as amended by sections 
4302, 4303, and 4304 is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(J)(i) The Secretary of Homeland Security may initiate an 
investigation of any employer that employs nonimmigrants described in 
section 101(a)(15)(L) with regard to the employer's compliance with the 
requirements of this subsection.
    ``(ii)(I) If the Secretary receives specific credible information 
from a source who is likely to have knowledge of an employer's 
practices, employment conditions, or compliance with the requirements 
under this subsection, the Secretary may conduct an investigation into 
the employer's compliance with the requirements of this subsection.
    ``(II) The Secretary may withhold the identity of a source referred 
to in subclause (I) from an employer and the identity of such source 
shall not be subject to disclosure under section 552 of title 5, United 
States Code.
    ``(iii) The Secretary shall establish a procedure for any person 
desiring to provide to the Secretary information described in clause 
(ii)(I) that may be used, in whole or in part, as the basis for the 
commencement of an investigation described in such clause, to provide 
the information in writing on a form developed and provided by the 
Secretary and completed by or on behalf of the person.
    ``(iv) No investigation described in clause (ii)(I) (or hearing 
described in clause (vi) based on such investigation) may be conducted 
with respect to information about a failure to comply with the 
requirements under this subsection, unless the Secretary receives the 
information not later than 24 months after the date of the alleged 
failure.
    ``(v)(I) Subject to subclause (III), before commencing an 
investigation of an employer under clause (i) or (ii), the Secretary 
shall provide notice to the employer of the intent to conduct such 
investigation.
    ``(II) The notice required by subclause (I) shall be provided in 
such a manner, and shall contain sufficient detail, to permit the 
employer to respond to the allegations before an investigation is 
commenced.
    ``(III) The Secretary is not required to comply with this clause if 
the Secretary determines that to do so would interfere with an effort 
by the Secretary to investigate or secure compliance by the employer 
with the requirements of this subsection.
    ``(IV) There shall be no judicial review of a determination by the 
Secretary under this clause.
    ``(vi) If the Secretary, after an investigation under clause (i) or 
(ii), determines that a reasonable basis exists to make a finding that 
the employer has failed to comply with the requirements under this 
subsection, the Secretary shall provide the interested parties with 
notice of such determination and an opportunity for a hearing in 
accordance with section 556 of title 5, United States Code, not later 
than 120 days after the date of such determination. If such a hearing 
is requested, the Secretary shall make a finding concerning the matter 
by not later than 120 days after the date of the hearing.
    ``(vii) If the Secretary, after a hearing, finds a reasonable basis 
to believe that the employer has violated the requirements under this 
subsection, the Secretary shall impose a penalty under subparagraph 
(K).
    ``(viii)(I) The Secretary may conduct surveys of the degree to 
which employers comply with the requirements under this section.
    ``(II) The Secretary shall--
            ``(aa) conduct annual compliance audits of each employer 
        with more than 100 employees who work in the United States if 
        more than 15 percent of such employees are nonimmigrants 
        described in 101(a)(15)(L); and
            ``(bb) make available to the public an executive summary or 
        report describing the general findings of the audits carried 
        out pursuant to this subclause.''.

SEC. 4307. PENALTIES.

    Section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)), as amended by sections 
4302, 4303, 4304, and 4306, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(K)(i) If the Secretary of Homeland Security finds, after notice 
and an opportunity for a hearing, a failure by an employer to meet a 
condition under subparagraph (F), (G), or (L) or a misrepresentation of 
material fact in a petition to employ 1 or more aliens as nonimmigrants 
described in section 101(a)(15)(L)--
    ``(I) the Secretary shall impose such administrative remedies 
(including civil monetary penalties in an amount not to exceed $2,000 
per violation) as the Secretary determines to be appropriate;
    ``(II) the Secretary may not, during a period of at least 1 year, 
approve a petition for that employer to employ 1 or more aliens as such 
nonimmigrants; and
    ``(III) in the case of a violation of subparagraph (J), the 
employer shall be liable to the employees harmed by such violation for 
lost wages and benefits.
    ``(ii) If the Secretary finds, after notice and an opportunity for 
a hearing, a willful failure by an employer to meet a condition under 
subparagraph (F), (G), or (L) or a willful misrepresentation of 
material fact in a petition to employ 1 or more aliens as nonimmigrants 
described in section 101(a)(15)(L)--
            ``(I) the Secretary shall impose such administrative 
        remedies (including civil monetary penalties in an amount not 
        to exceed $10,000 per violation) as the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate;
            ``(II) the Secretary may not, during a period of at least 2 
        years, approve a petition filed for that employer to employ 1 
        or more aliens as such nonimmigrants; and
            ``(III) in the case of a violation of subparagraph (J), the 
        employer shall be liable to the employees harmed by such 
        violation for lost wages and benefits.''.

SEC. 4308. PROHIBITION ON RETALIATION AGAINST L NONIMMIGRANTS.

    Section 214(c)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(2)), as amended by sections 
4302, 4303, 4303, 4306, and 4307, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(L)(i) It is a violation of this subparagraph for an employer who 
has filed a petition to import 1 or more aliens as nonimmigrants 
described in section 101(a)(15)(L) to take, fail to take, or threaten 
to take or fail to take, a personnel action, or to intimidate, 
threaten, restrain, coerce, blacklist, discharge, or discriminate in 
any other manner against an employee because the employee--
            ``(I) has disclosed information that the employee 
        reasonably believes evidences a violation of this subsection, 
        or any rule or regulation pertaining to this subsection; or
            ``(II) cooperates or seeks to cooperate with the 
        requirements of this subsection, or any rule or regulation 
        pertaining to this subsection.
    ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `employee' includes--
            ``(I) a current employee;
            ``(II) a former employee; and
            ``(III) an applicant for employment.''.

SEC. 4309. REPORTS ON L NONIMMIGRANTS.

    Section 214(c)(8) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(8)) is amended by inserting 
``(L),'' after ``(H),''.

SEC. 4310. APPLICATION.

    The amendments made by this subtitle shall apply to applications 
filed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 4311. REPORT ON L BLANKET PETITION PROCESS.

    (a) Requirement for Report.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the Department 
of Homeland Security shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report regarding the use of blanket petitions under section 
214(c)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1184(c)(2)(A)). Such report shall assess the efficiency and reliability 
of the process for reviewing such blanket petitions, including whether 
the process includes adequate safeguards against fraud and abuse.
    (b) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this section the term 
``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate;
            (2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
            (3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (4) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives.

                  Subtitle D--Other Nonimmigrant Visas

SEC. 4401. NONIMMIGRANT VISAS FOR STUDENTS.

    (a) Authorization of Dual Intent for F Nonimmigrants Seeking 
Bachelor's or Graduate Degrees.--
            (1) In general.--Section 101(a)(15)(F) (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(15)(F)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(F)(i) an alien having a residence in a foreign 
                country who is a bona fide student qualified to pursue 
                a full course of study and who seeks to enter the 
                United States temporarily and solely for the purpose of 
                pursuing such a course of study consistent with section 
                214(m) at an accredited college, university, or 
                language training program, or at an established 
                seminary, conservatory, academic high school, 
                elementary school, or other academic institution in the 
                United States, particularly designated by the alien and 
                approved by the Secretary of Homeland Security after 
                consultation with the Secretary of Education, which 
                institution or place of study shall have agreed to 
                report to the Secretary of Homeland Security the 
                termination of attendance of each nonimmigrant student, 
                and if any such institution of learning or place of 
                study fails to make reports promptly the approval shall 
                be withdrawn, except that such an alien who is not 
                seeking to pursue a degree that is a bachelor's degree 
                or a graduate degree shall have a residence in a 
                foreign country that the alien has no intention of 
                abandoning;
                    ``(ii) the alien spouse and minor children of any 
                alien described in clause (i) if accompanying or 
                following to join such an alien; and
                    ``(iii) an alien who is a national of Canada or 
                Mexico, who maintains actual residence and place of 
                abode in the country of nationality, who is described 
                in clause (i) except that the alien's qualifications 
                for and actual course of study may be full or part-
                time, and who commutes to the United States institution 
                or place of study from Canada or Mexico.''.
            (2) Presumption of status; intention to abandon foreign 
        residence.--Section 214 (8 U.S.C. 1184) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``(L) or (V)'' 
                and inserting ``(F), (L), or (V)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (h), by striking ``(H)(i)(b) or 
                (c),'' and inserting ``(F), (H)(i)(b), (H)(i)(c),''.
    (b) Accreditation Requirement for Colleges and Universities.--
Section 101(a)(52) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(52)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(52) Except as provided in section 214(m)(4), the term 
        `accredited college, university, or language training program' 
        means a college, university, or language training program that 
        is accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the 
        Secretary of Education.''.
    (c) Other Requirements for Academic Institutions.--Section 214(m) 
(8 U.S.C. 1184(m)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in the Secretary's 
discretion, may require accreditation of an academic institution 
(except for seminaries or other religious institutions) for purposes of 
section 101(a)(15)(F) if--
            ``(A) that institution is not already required to be 
        accredited under section 101(a)(15)(F)(i);
            ``(B) an appropriate accrediting agency recognized by the 
        Secretary of Education is able to provide such accreditation; 
        and
            ``(C) the institution has or will have 25 or more alien 
        students accorded status as nonimmigrants under clause (i) or 
        (iii) of section 101(a)(15)(F) pursuing a course of study at 
        that institution.
    ``(4) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in the Secretary's 
discretion, may waive the accreditation requirement in section 
101(a)(15)(F)(i) with respect to an established college, university, or 
language training program if the academic institution--
            ``(A) is otherwise in compliance with the requirements of 
        such section; and
            ``(B) is making a good faith effort to satisfy the 
        accreditation requirement.
    ``(5)(A) No person convicted of an offense referred to in 
subparagraph (B) shall be permitted by any academic institution having 
authorization for attendance by nonimmigrant students under section 
101(a)(15)(F)(i) to be involved with the institution as its principal, 
owner, officer, board member, general partner, or other similar 
position of substantive authority for the operations or management of 
the institution, including serving as an individual designated by the 
institution to maintain records required by the Student and Exchange 
Visitor Information System established under section 641 of the Illegal 
Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 
1372).
    ``(B) An offense referred to in this subparagraph includes a 
violation, punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than 1 year, of 
any of the following:
            ``(i) Chapter 77 of title 18, United States Code (relating 
        to peonage, slavery and trafficking in persons).
            ``(ii) Chapter 117 of title 18, United States Code 
        (relating to transportation for illegal sexual activity and 
        related crimes).
            ``(iii) Section 274 of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
        (8 U.S.C. 1324) (relating to unlawful bringing of aliens into 
        the United States).
            ``(iv) Section 1546 of title 18, United States Code 
        (relating to fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other 
        documents) relating to an academic institution's participation 
        in the Student and Exchange Visitor Program.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 212(a)(6)(G) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(a)(6)(G)) is amended by striking ``section 214(l)'' and inserting 
``section 214(m)''.
    (e) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        amendments made by subsections (a), (b), and (c)--
                    (A) shall take effect on the date that is 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) shall apply with respect to applications for a 
                nonimmigrant visa under section 101(a)(15)(F)(i) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1101(a)(15)(F)(i)) that are filed on or after the 
                effective date described in subparagraph (A).
            (2) Temporary exception.--
                    (A) In general.--During the 3-year period beginning 
                on the date of the enactment of this Act, an alien 
                seeking to enter the United States to pursue a course 
                of study at a college or university that has been 
                certified by the Secretary may be granted a 
                nonimmigrant visa under clause (i) or clause (iii) of 
                section 101(a)(15)(F) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F)) without 
                regard to whether or not that college or university has 
                been accredited or been denied accreditation by an 
                entity described in section 101(a)(52) of such Act (8 
                U.S.C. 1101(a)(52)), as amended by subsection (b).
                    (B) Additional requirement.--An alien may not be 
                granted a nonimmigrant visa under subparagraph (A) if 
                the college or university to which the alien seeks to 
                enroll does not--
                            (i) submit an application for the 
                        accreditation of such institution to a regional 
                        or national accrediting agency recognized by 
                        the Secretary of Education on or before the 
                        date that is 1 year after the effective date 
                        described in paragraph (1)(A); and
                            (ii) comply with the applicable accrediting 
                        requirements of such agency.

SEC. 4402. CLASSIFICATION FOR SPECIALTY OCCUPATION WORKERS FROM FREE 
              TRADE COUNTRIES.

    (a) Nonimmigrant Status.--Section 101(a)(15)(E)(8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)(E)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``, 
        bilateral investment treaty, or free trade agreement'' after 
        ``treaty of commerce and navigation'';
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``or'' at the end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) solely to perform services in a 
                        specialty occupation in the United States if 
                        the alien is a national of a country, other 
                        than Chile, Singapore, or Australia, with which 
                        the United States has entered into a free trade 
                        agreement (regardless of whether such an 
                        agreement is a treaty of commerce and 
                        navigation) and with respect to whom the 
                        Secretary of Labor determines and certifies to 
                        the Secretary of Homeland Security and the 
                        Secretary of State that the intending employer 
                        has filed with the Secretary of Labor an 
                        attestation under section 212(t); or
                            ``(v) solely to perform services in a 
                        specialty occupation in the United States if 
                        the alien is a national of the Republic of 
                        Korea and with respect to whom the Secretary of 
                        Labor determines and certifies to the Secretary 
                        of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State 
                        that the intending employer has filed with the 
                        Secretary of Labor an attestation under section 
                        212(t);''.
    (b) Free Trade Agreements.--Section 214(g) (8 U.S.C. 1184(g)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(12)(A) The free trade agreements referred to in section 
101(a)(15)(E)(iv) are defined as any free trade agreement designated by 
the Secretary of Homeland Security with the concurrence of the United 
States Trade Representative and the Secretary of State.
    ``(B) The Secretary of State may not approve a number of initial 
applications submitted for aliens described in section 
101(a)(15)(E)(iv) that is more than 5,000 per fiscal year for each 
country with which the United States has entered into a Free Trade 
Agreement.
    ``(C) The applicable numerical limitation referred to in 
subparagraph (A) shall apply only to principal aliens and not to the 
spouses or children of such aliens.''.
    (c) Nonimmigrant Professionals.--Section 212(t) (8 U.S.C. 1182(t)) 
is amended by striking ``section 101(a)(15)(E)(iii)'' each place that 
term appears and inserting ``clause (iii) or (iv) of section 
101(a)(15)(E)''.

SEC. 4403. E-VISA REFORM.

    (a) Nonimmigrant Category.--Section 101(a)(15)(E)(iii) (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)(E)(iii)) is amended by inserting ``, or solely to perform 
services as an employee and who has at least a high school education or 
its equivalent, or has, within 5 years, at least 2 years of work 
experience in an occupation which requires at least 2 years of training 
or experience if the alien is a national of the Republic of Ireland,'' 
after ``Australia''.
    (b) Temporary Admission.--Section 212(d)(3)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
1182(d)(3)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(A) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection--
                    ``(i) an alien who is applying for a nonimmigrant 
                visa and who the consular officer knows or believes to 
                be ineligible for such visa under subsection (a) (other 
                than subparagraphs (A)(i)(I), (A)(ii), (A)(iii), (C), 
                (E)(i), and (E)(ii) of paragraph (3) of such 
                subsection)--
                            ``(I) after approval by the Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security of a recommendation by the 
                        Secretary of State or by the consular officer 
                        that the alien be admitted temporarily despite 
                        the alien's inadmissibility, may be granted 
                        such a visa and may be admitted into the United 
                        States temporarily as a nonimmigrant, in the 
                        discretion of the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security; or
                            ``(II) absent such recommendation and 
                        approval, be granted a nonimmigrant visa 
                        pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(E) if such 
                        ineligibility is based solely on conduct in 
                        violation of paragraph (6), (7), or (9) of 
                        section 212(a) that occurred before the date of 
                        the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
                        Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act; 
                        and
                    ``(ii) an alien who is inadmissible under 
                subsection (a) (other than subparagraphs (A)(i)(I), 
                (A)(ii), (A)(iii), (C), (E)(i), and (E)(ii) of 
                paragraph (3) of such subsection), is in possession of 
                appropriate documents or was granted a waiver from such 
                document requirement, and is seeking admission, may be 
                admitted into the United States temporarily as a 
                nonimmigrant, in the discretion of the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security, who shall prescribe conditions, 
                including exaction of such bonds as may be necessary, 
                to control and regulate the admission and return of 
                inadmissible aliens applying for temporary admission 
                under this paragraph.''.
    (c) Numerical Limitation.--Section 214(g)(11)(B) (8 U.S.C. 
1184(g)(11)(B)) is amended by striking the period at the end and 
inserting ``for each of the nationalities identified under section 
101(a)(15)(E)(iii).''.

SEC. 4404. OTHER CHANGES TO NONIMMIGRANT VISAS.

    (a) Portability.--Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 214(n) (8 
U.S.C. 1184(n)) are amended to read as follows:
    ``(1) A nonimmigrant alien described in paragraph (2) who was 
previously issued a visa or otherwise provided nonimmigrant status 
under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b) or 101(a)(15)(O)(i) is authorized to 
accept new employment pursuant to such section upon the filing by the 
prospective employer of a new petition on behalf of such nonimmigrant 
as provided under subsection (a). Employment authorization shall 
continue for such alien until the new petition is adjudicated. If the 
new petition is denied, such authorization shall cease.
    ``(2) A nonimmigrant alien described in this paragraph is a 
nonimmigrant alien--
            ``(A) who has been lawfully admitted into the United 
        States;
            ``(B) on whose behalf an employer has filed a nonfrivolous 
        petition for new employment before the date of expiration of 
        the period of stay authorized by the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security; and
            ``(C) who, subsequent to such lawful admission, has not 
        been employed without authorization in the United States before 
        the filing of such petition.''.
    (b) Waiver.--The undesignated material at the end of section 
214(c)(3) (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
``The Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide by regulation for 
the waiver of the consultation requirement under subparagraph (A) in 
the case of aliens who have been admitted as nonimmigrants under 
section 101(a)(15)(O)(i) because of extraordinary ability in the arts 
or extraordinary achievement in motion picture or television production 
and who seek readmission to perform similar services within 3 years 
after the date of a consultation under such subparagraph provided that, 
in the case of aliens admitted because of extraordinary achievement in 
motion picture or television production, such waiver shall apply only 
if the prior consultations by the appropriate union and management 
organization were favorable or raised no objection to the approval of 
the petition. Not later than 5 days after such a waiver is provided, 
the Secretary shall forward a copy of the petition and all supporting 
documentation to the national office of an appropriate labor 
organization.''.

SEC. 4405. TREATMENT OF NONIMMIGRANTS DURING ADJUDICATION OF 
              APPLICATION.

    Section 214 (8 U.S.C. 1184), as amended by sections 3609 and 4233, 
is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(u) Treatment of Nonimmigrants During Adjudication of 
Application.--A nonimmigrant alien granted employment authorization 
pursuant to sections 101(a)(15)(A), 101(a)(15)(E), 101(a)(15)(G), 
101(a)(15)(H), 101(a)(15)(I), 101(a)(15)(J), 101(a)(15)(L), 
101(a)(15)(O), 101(a)(15)(P), 101(a)(15)(Q), 101(a)(15)(R), 214(e), and 
such other sections as the Secretary of Homeland Security may by 
regulations prescribe whose status has expired but who has, or whose 
sponsoring employer or authorized agent has, filed a timely application 
or petition for an extension of such employment authorization and 
nonimmigrant status as provided under subsection (a) is authorized to 
continue employment with the same employer until the application or 
petition is adjudicated. Such authorization shall be subject to the 
same conditions and limitations as the initial grant of employment 
authorization.''.

SEC. 4406. NONIMMIGRANT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS.

    Section 214(m)(1)(B) (8 U.S.C. 1184(m)(1)(B)) is amended striking 
``unless--'' and all that follows through ``(ii)'' and inserting 
``unless''.

                          Subtitle E--JOLT Act

SEC. 4501. SHORT TITLES.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Jobs Originated through 
Launching Travel Act of 2013'' or the ``JOLT Act of 2013''.

SEC. 4502. PREMIUM PROCESSING.

    Section 221 (8 U.S.C. 1201) is amended by inserting at the end the 
following:
    ``(j) Premium Processing.--
            ``(1) Pilot processing service.--Recognizing that the best 
        solution for expedited processing is low interview wait times 
        for all applicants, the Secretary of State shall nevertheless 
        establish, on a limited, pilot basis only, a fee-based premium 
        processing service to expedite interview appointments. In 
        establishing a pilot processing service, the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) determine the consular posts at which the 
                pilot service will be available;
                    ``(B) establish the duration of the pilot service;
                    ``(C) define the terms and conditions of the pilot 
                service, with the goal of expediting visa appointments 
                and the interview process for those electing to pay 
                said fee for the service; and
                    ``(D) resources permitting, during the pilot 
                service, consider the addition of consulates in 
                locations advantageous to foreign policy objectives or 
                in highly populated locales.
            ``(2) Fees.--
                    ``(A) Authority to collect.--The Secretary of State 
                is authorized to collect, and set the amount of, a fee 
                imposed for the premium processing service. The 
                Secretary of State shall set the fee based on all 
                relevant considerations including, the cost of 
                expedited service.
                    ``(B) Use of fees.--Fees collected under the 
                authority of subparagraph (A) shall be deposited as an 
                offsetting collection to any Department of State 
                appropriation, to recover the costs of providing 
                consular services. Such fees shall remain available for 
                obligation until expended.
                    ``(C) Relationship to other fees.--Such fee is in 
                addition to any existing fee currently being collected 
                by the Department of State.
                    ``(D) Nonrefundable.--Such fee will be 
                nonrefundable to the applicant.
            ``(3) Description of premium processing.--Premium 
        processing pertains solely to the expedited scheduling of a 
        visa interview. Utilizing the premium processing service for an 
        expedited interview appointment does not establish the 
        applicant's eligibility for a visa. The Secretary of State 
        shall, if possible, inform applicants utilizing the premium 
        processing of potential delays in visa issuance due to 
        additional screening requirements, including necessary 
        security-related checks and clearances.
            ``(4) Report to congress.--
                    ``(A) Requirement for report.--Not later than 18 
                months after the date of the enactment of the JOLT Act 
                of 2013, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
                appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
                results of the pilot service carried out under this 
                section.
                    ``(B) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--
                In this paragraph, the term `appropriate committees of 
                Congress' means--
                            ``(i) the Committee on the Judiciary, the 
                        Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                            ``(ii) the Committee on the Judiciary, the 
                        Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee 
                        on Appropriations of the House of 
                        Representatives.''.

SEC. 4503. ENCOURAGING CANADIAN TOURISM TO THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 214 (8 U.S.C. 1184), as amended by sections 3609, 4233, and 
4405, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(v) Canadian Retirees.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may 
        admit as a visitor for pleasure as described in section 
        101(a)(15)(B) any alien for a period not to exceed 240 days, if 
        the alien demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, 
        that the alien--
                    ``(A) is a citizen of Canada;
                    ``(B) is at least 55 years of age;
                    ``(C) maintains a residence in Canada;
                    ``(D) owns a residence in the United States or has 
                signed a rental agreement for accommodations in the 
                United States for the duration of the alien's stay in 
                the United States;
                    ``(E) is not inadmissible under section 212;
                    ``(F) is not described in any ground of 
                deportability under section 237;
                    ``(G) will not engage in employment or labor for 
                hire in the United States; and
                    ``(H) will not seek any form of assistance or 
                benefit described in section 403(a) of the Personal 
                Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act 
                of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613(a)).
            ``(2) Spouse.--The spouse of an alien described in 
        paragraph (1) may be admitted under the same terms as the 
        principal alien if the spouse satisfies the requirements of 
        paragraph (1), other than subparagraph (D).
            ``(3) Immigrant intent.--In determining eligibility for 
        admission under this subsection, maintenance of a residence in 
        the United States shall not be considered evidence of intent by 
        the alien to abandon the alien's residence in Canada.
            ``(4) Period of admission.--During any single 365-day 
        period, an alien may be admitted as described in section 
        101(a)(15)(B) pursuant to this subsection for a period not to 
        exceed 240 days, beginning on the date of admission. Periods of 
        time spent outside the United States during such 240-day period 
        shall not toll the expiration of such 240-day period.''.

SEC. 4504. RETIREE VISA.

    (a) Nonimmigrant Status.--Section 101(a)(15) is amended by 
inserting after subparagraph (W) the following:
                    ``(Y) subject to section 214(w), an alien who, 
                after the date of the enactment of the JOLT Act of 
                2013--
                            ``(i)(I) uses at least $500,000 in cash to 
                        purchase 1 or more residences in the United 
                        States, which each sold for more than 100 
                        percent of the most recent appraised value of 
                        such residence, as determined by the property 
                        assessor in the city or county in which the 
                        residence is located;
                            ``(II) maintains ownership of residential 
                        property in the United States worth at least 
                        $500,000 during the entire period the alien 
                        remains in the United States as a nonimmigrant 
                        described in this subparagraph; and
                            ``(III) resides for more than 180 days per 
                        year in a residence in the United States that 
                        is worth at least $250,000; and
                            ``(ii) the alien spouse and children of the 
                        alien described in clause (i) if accompanying 
                        or following to join the alien.''.
    (b) Visa Application Procedures.--Section 214 (8 U.S.C. 1184), as 
amended by sections 3609, 4233, 4405, and 4503, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(w) Visas of Nonimmigrants Described in Section 101(a)(15)(Y).--
            ``(1) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall authorize 
        the issuance of a nonimmigrant visa to any alien described in 
        section 101(a)(15)(Y) who submits a petition to the Secretary 
        that demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that 
        the alien--
                    ``(A) has purchased a residence in the United 
                States that meets the criteria set forth in section 
                101(a)(15)(Y)(i);
                    ``(B) is at least 55 years of age;
                    ``(C) possesses health insurance coverage;
                    ``(D) is not inadmissible under section 212; and
                    ``(E) will comply with the terms set forth in 
                paragraph (2).
            ``(2) An alien who is issued a visa under this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall reside in the United States at a 
                residence that meets the criteria set forth in section 
                101(a)(15)(Y)(i) for more than 180 days per year;
                    ``(B) is not authorized to engage in employment in 
                the United States, except for employment that is 
                directly related to the management of the residential 
                property described in section 101(Y)(i)(II);
                    ``(C) is not eligible for any form of assistance or 
                benefit described in section 403(a) of the Personal 
                Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act 
                of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613(a)); and
                    ``(D) may renew such visa every 3 years under the 
                same terms and conditions.''.

SEC. 4505. INCENTIVES FOR FOREIGN VISITORS VISITING THE UNITED STATES 
              DURING LOW PEAK SEASONS.

    The Secretary of State shall make publically available, on a 
monthly basis, historical data, for the previous 2 years, regarding the 
availability of visa appointments for each visa processing post, to 
allow applicants to identify periods of low demand, when wait times 
tend to be lower.

SEC. 4506. VISA WAIVER PROGRAM ENHANCED SECURITY AND REFORM.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 217(c)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1187(c)(1)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Authority to designate; definitions.--
                    ``(A) Authority to designate.--The Secretary of 
                Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary 
                of State, may designate any country as a program 
                country if that country meets the requirements under 
                paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                            ``(i) Appropriate congressional 
                        committees.--The term `appropriate 
                        congressional committees' means--
                                    ``(I) the Committee on Foreign 
                                Relations, the Committee on Homeland 
                                Security and Governmental Affairs, and 
                                the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                                Senate; and
                                    ``(II) the Committee on Foreign 
                                Affairs, the Committee on Homeland 
                                Security, and the Committee on the 
                                Judiciary of the House of 
                                Representatives.
                            ``(ii) Overstay rate.--
                                    ``(I) Initial designation.--The 
                                term `overstay rate' means, with 
                                respect to a country being considered 
                                for designation in the program, the 
                                ratio of--
                                            ``(aa) the number of 
                                        nationals of that country who 
                                        were admitted to the United 
                                        States on the basis of a 
                                        nonimmigrant visa under section 
                                        101(a)(15)(B) whose periods of 
                                        authorized stay ended during a 
                                        fiscal year but who remained 
                                        unlawfully in the United States 
                                        beyond such periods; to
                                            ``(bb) the number of 
                                        nationals of that country who 
                                        were admitted to the United 
                                        States on the basis of a 
                                        nonimmigrant visa under section 
                                        101(a)(15)(B) whose periods of 
                                        authorized stay ended during 
                                        that fiscal year.
                                    ``(II) Continuing designation.--The 
                                term `overstay rate' means, for each 
                                fiscal year after initial designation 
                                under this section with respect to a 
                                country, the ratio of--
                                            ``(aa) the number of 
                                        nationals of that country who 
                                        were admitted to the United 
                                        States under this section or on 
                                        the basis of a nonimmigrant 
                                        visa under section 
                                        101(a)(15)(B) whose periods of 
                                        authorized stay ended during a 
                                        fiscal year but who remained 
                                        unlawfully in the United States 
                                        beyond such periods; to
                                            ``(bb) the number of 
                                        nationals of that country who 
                                        were admitted to the United 
                                        States under this section or on 
                                        the basis of a nonimmigrant 
                                        visa under section 
                                        101(a)(15)(B) whose periods of 
                                        authorized stay ended during 
                                        that fiscal year.
                                    ``(III) Computation of overstay 
                                rate.--In determining the overstay rate 
                                for a country, the Secretary of 
                                Homeland Security may utilize 
                                information from any available 
                                databases to ensure the accuracy of 
                                such rate.
                            ``(iii) Program country.--The term `program 
                        country' means a country designated as a 
                        program country under subparagraph (A).''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 217 (8 U.S.C. 
1187) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Attorney General'' each place the term 
        appears (except in subsection (c)(11)(B)) and inserting 
        ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(C)(iii), by striking 
                ``Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on 
                International Relations of the House of Representatives 
                and the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on 
                Foreign Relations of the Senate'' and inserting 
                ``appropriate congressional committees'';
                    (B) in paragraph (5)(A)(i)(III), by striking 
                ``Committee on the Judiciary, the Committee on Foreign 
                Affairs, and the Committee on Homeland Security, of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on the 
                Judiciary, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate'' and inserting ``appropriate 
                congressional committees''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by striking subparagraph (E).
    (c) Designation of Program Countries Based on Overstay Rates.--
            (1) In general.--Section 217(c)(2)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
        1187(c)(2)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) General numerical limitations.--
                            ``(i) Low nonimmigrant visa refusal rate.--
                        The percentage of nationals of that country 
                        refused nonimmigrant visas under section 
                        101(a)(15)(B) during the previous full fiscal 
                        year was not more than 3 percent of the total 
                        number of nationals of that country who were 
                        granted or refused nonimmigrant visas under 
                        such section during such year.
                            ``(ii) Low nonimmigrant overstay rate.--The 
                        overstay rate for that country was not more 
                        than 3 percent during the previous fiscal 
                        year.''.
            (2) Qualification criteria.--Section 217(c)(3) (8 U.S.C. 
        1187(c)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Qualification criteria.--After designation as a 
        program country under section 217(c)(2), a country may not 
        continue to be designated as a program country unless the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of State, determines, pursuant to the requirements 
        under paragraph (5), that the designation will be continued.''.
            (3) Initial period.--Section 217(c) is further amended by 
        striking paragraph (4).
            (4) Continuing designation.--Section 217(c)(5)(A)(i)(II) (8 
        U.S.C. 1187(c)(5)(A)(i)(II)) is amended to read as follows:

                                                    ``(II) shall 
                                                determine, based upon 
                                                the evaluation in 
                                                subclause (I), whether 
                                                any such designation 
                                                under subsection (d) or 
                                                (f), or probation under 
                                                subsection (f), ought 
                                                to be continued or 
                                                terminated;''.

            (5) Computation of visa refusal rates; judicial review.--
        Section 217(c)(6) (8 U.S.C. 1187(c)(6)) is amended to read as 
        follows:
            ``(6) Computation of visa refusal rates and judicial 
        review.--
                    ``(A) Computation of visa refusal rates.--For 
                purposes of determining the eligibility of a country to 
                be designated as a program country, the calculation of 
                visa refusal rates shall not include any visa refusals 
                which incorporate any procedures based on, or are 
                otherwise based on, race, sex, or disability, unless 
                otherwise specifically authorized by law or regulation.
                    ``(B) Judicial review.--No court shall have 
                jurisdiction under this section to review any visa 
                refusal, the Secretary of State's computation of a visa 
                refusal rate, the Secretary of Homeland Security's 
                computation of an overstay rate, or the designation or 
                nondesignation of a country as a program country.''.
            (6) Visa waiver information.--Section 217(c)(7) (8 U.S.C. 
        1187(c)(7)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subparagraphs (B) through (D); and
                    (B) by striking ``waiver information.--'' and all 
                that follows through ``In refusing'' and inserting 
                ``waiver information.--In refusing''.
            (7) Waiver authority.--Section 217(c)(8) (8 U.S.C. 
        1187(c)(8)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(8) Waiver authority.--The Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, may 
        waive the application of paragraph (2)(A)(i) for a country if--
                    ``(A) the country meets all other requirements of 
                paragraph (2);
                    ``(B) the Secretary of Homeland Security determines 
                that the totality of the country's security risk 
                mitigation measures provide assurance that the 
                country's participation in the program would not 
                compromise the law enforcement, security interests, or 
                enforcement of the immigration laws of the United 
                States;
                    ``(C) there has been a general downward trend in 
                the percentage of nationals of the country refused 
                nonimmigrant visas under section 101(a)(15)(B);
                    ``(D) the country consistently cooperated with the 
                Government of the United States on counterterrorism 
                initiatives, information sharing, preventing terrorist 
                travel, and extradition to the United States of 
                individuals (including the country's own nationals) who 
                commit crimes that violate United States law before the 
                date of its designation as a program country, and the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of 
                State assess that such cooperation is likely to 
                continue; and
                    ``(E) the percentage of nationals of the country 
                refused a nonimmigrant visa under section 101(a)(15)(B) 
                during the previous full fiscal year was not more than 
                10 percent of the total number of nationals of that 
                country who were granted or refused such nonimmigrant 
                visas.''.
    (d) Termination of Designation; Probation.--Section 217(f) (8 
U.S.C. 1187(f)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Termination of Designation; Probation.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Probationary period.--The term `probationary 
                period' means the fiscal year in which a probationary 
                country is placed in probationary status under this 
                subsection.
                    ``(B) Program country.--The term `program country' 
                has the meaning given that term in subsection 
                (c)(1)(B).
            ``(2) Determination, notice, and initial probationary 
        period.--
                    ``(A) Determination of probationary status and 
                notice of noncompliance.--As part of each program 
                country's periodic evaluation required by subsection 
                (c)(5)(A), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
                determine whether a program country is in compliance 
                with the program requirements under subparagraphs 
                (A)(ii) through (F) of subsection (c)(2).
                    ``(B) Initial probationary period.--If the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security determines that a 
                program country is not in compliance with the program 
                requirements under subparagraphs (A)(ii) through (F) of 
                subsection (c)(2), the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                shall place the program country in probationary status 
                for the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which 
                the periodic evaluation is completed.
            ``(3) Actions at the end of the initial probationary 
        period.--At the end of the initial probationary period of a 
        country under paragraph (2)(B), the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall take 1 of the following actions:
                    ``(A) Compliance during initial probationary 
                period.--If the Secretary determines that all instances 
                of noncompliance with the program requirements under 
                subparagraphs (A)(ii) through (F) of subsection (c)(2) 
                that were identified in the latest periodic evaluation 
                have been remedied by the end of the initial 
                probationary period, the Secretary shall end the 
                country's probationary period.
                    ``(B) Noncompliance during initial probationary 
                period.--If the Secretary determines that any instance 
                of noncompliance with the program requirements under 
                subparagraphs (A)(ii) through (F) of subsection (c)(2) 
                that were identified in the latest periodic evaluation 
                has not been remedied by the end of the initial 
                probationary period--
                            ``(i) the Secretary may terminate the 
                        country's participation in the program; or
                            ``(ii) on an annual basis, the Secretary 
                        may continue the country's probationary status 
                        if the Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        Secretary of State, determines that the 
                        country's continued participation in the 
                        program is in the national interest of the 
                        United States.
            ``(4) Actions at the end of additional probationary 
        periods.--At the end of all probationary periods granted to a 
        country pursuant to paragraph (3)(B)(ii), the Secretary shall 
        take 1 of the following actions:
                    ``(A) Compliance during additional period.--The 
                Secretary shall end the country's probationary status 
                if the Secretary determines during the latest periodic 
                evaluation required by subsection (c)(5)(A) that the 
                country is in compliance with the program requirements 
                under subparagraphs (A)(ii) through (F) of subsection 
                (c)(2).
                    ``(B) Noncompliance during additional periods.--The 
                Secretary shall terminate the country's participation 
                in the program if the Secretary determines during the 
                latest periodic evaluation required by subsection 
                (c)(5)(A) that the program country continues to be in 
                noncompliance with the program requirements under 
                subparagraphs (A)(ii) through (F) of subsection (c)(2).
            ``(5) Effective date.--The termination of a country's 
        participation in the program under paragraph (3)(B) or (4)(B) 
        shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
        following the fiscal year in which the Secretary determines 
        that such participation shall be terminated. Until such date, 
        nationals of the country shall remain eligible for a waiver 
        under subsection (a).
            ``(6) Treatment of nationals after termination.--For 
        purposes of this subsection and subsection (d)--
                    ``(A) nationals of a country whose designation is 
                terminated under paragraph (3) or (4) shall remain 
                eligible for a waiver under subsection (a) until the 
                effective date of such termination; and
                    ``(B) a waiver under this section that is provided 
                to such a national for a period described in subsection 
                (a)(1) shall not, by such termination, be deemed to 
                have been rescinded or otherwise rendered invalid, if 
                the waiver is granted prior to such termination.
            ``(7) Consultative role of the secretary of state.--In this 
        subsection, references to subparagraphs (A)(ii) through (F) of 
        subsection (c)(2) and subsection (c)(5)(A) carry with them the 
        consultative role of the Secretary of State as provided in 
        those provisions.''.
    (e) Review of Overstay Tracking Methodology.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall conduct a review of the methods used 
by the Secretary--
            (1) to track aliens entering and exiting the United States; 
        and
            (2) to detect any such alien who stays longer than such 
        alien's period of authorized admission.
    (f) Evaluation of Electronic System for Travel Authorization.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress--
            (1) an evaluation of the security risks of aliens who enter 
        the United States without an approved Electronic System for 
        Travel Authorization verification; and
            (2) a description of any improvements needed to minimize 
        the number of aliens who enter the United States without the 
        verification described in paragraph (1).
    (g) Sense of Congress on Priority for Review of Program 
Countries.--It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary, in the 
process of conducting evaluations of countries participating in the 
visa waiver program under section 217 of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1187), should prioritize the reviews of 
countries in which circumstances indicate that such a review is 
necessary or desirable.

SEC. 4507. EXPEDITING ENTRY FOR PRIORITY VISITORS.

    Section 7208(k)(4) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 (8 U.S.C. 1365b(k)(4)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(4) Expediting entry for priority visitors.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland 
                Security may expand the enrollment across registered 
                traveler programs to include eligible individuals 
                employed by international organizations, selected by 
                the Secretary, which maintain strong working 
                relationships with the United States.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--An individual may not be 
                enrolled in a registered traveler program unless--
                            ``(i) the individual is sponsored by an 
                        international organization selected by the 
                        Secretary under subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) the government that issued the 
                        passport that the individual is using has 
                        entered into a Trusted Traveler Arrangement 
                        with the Department of Homeland Security to 
                        participate in a registered traveler program.
                    ``(C) Security requirements.--An individual may not 
                be enrolled in a registered traveler program unless the 
                individual has successfully completed all applicable 
                security requirements established by the Secretary, 
                including cooperation from the applicable foreign