[Historical Tables]
[Section 8 - Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category]
[Table 8.7 - Outlays for Discretionary Programs: 1962-2008]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 149]]

 
    Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1962       1963       1964       1965       1966       1967       1968       1969
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................     52,550     53,718     55,038     51,023     58,998     71,990     82,152     82,715
International affairs...........................................      5,507      5,246      4,603      4,705      5,063      5,348      4,871      4,081
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        497        534        766        789        858        897        930        938
  Space and other technology....................................      1,226      2,516      4,131      5,035      5,858      5,337      4,596      4,083
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............      1,723      3,051      4,897      5,824      6,716      6,234      5,525      5,021
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        654        643        686        830        744        835      1,040      1,019
Natural resources and environment...............................      2,286      2,522      2,643      2,825      3,105      3,251      3,361      3,376
Agriculture.....................................................        369        454        492        521        596        663        761        764
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      1,342      1,364      1,177      1,634      1,850      2,243      2,103      1,038
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................         70         65         64         67         86        121        154        287
  Air transportation............................................        737        772        801        864        890        983      1,033      1,176
  Water and other transportation................................        617        633        620        698        671        743        826        847
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................      1,425      1,469      1,485      1,628      1,647      1,847      2,013      2,310
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................        432        527        894      1,045      1,009      1,001      1,280      1,476
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................        640        749        803      1,002      2,143      3,253      3,778      3,654
  Training, employment and social services......................        291        327        418        781      1,716      2,318      2,840      2,951
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.        931      1,075      1,221      1,784      3,858      5,571      6,618      6,605
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................      1,087      1,283      1,563      1,495      1,735      2,152      2,560      2,843
Medicare........................................................  .........  .........  .........  .........         64        223        221        299
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................        167        182        193        219        239        257        299        362
  Other.........................................................        336        295        335        307        327        365        383        427
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................        503        476        528        526        566        623        682        789
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        318        332        373        382        437        433        561        599
Veterans benefits and services..................................      1,256      1,316      1,404      1,445      1,493      1,584      1,677      1,790
Administration of justice.......................................        426        461        486        532        560        614        654        653
General government..............................................      1,266      1,356      1,647      1,596      1,702      1,863      1,898      1,940
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................     72,075     75,294     79,136     77,793     90,143    106,473    117,978    117,318
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 150]]


                                           Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975       1976        TQ
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................     81,912     79,009     79,338     77,095     80,720     87,615     89,876     22,312
International affairs...........................................      3,964      3,770      4,581      4,830      6,197      8,155      7,459      3,315
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        947      1,009        979        961      1,017      1,036      1,032        291
  Space and other technology....................................      3,565      3,172      3,196      3,074      2,964      2,951      3,336        869
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............      4,512      4,182      4,175      4,034      3,982      3,987      4,368      1,160
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        985        887      1,092      1,075        689      1,738      2,589        725
Natural resources and environment...............................      3,488      4,248      4,758      5,463      6,494      8,112      8,931      2,859
Agriculture.....................................................        827        884        912        936        945      1,047      1,059        271
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      2,100      2,687      1,907      1,969      2,417      2,851      2,764      1,153
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................        288        495        615        836        948      2,128      9,106      2,202
  Air transportation............................................      1,386      2,390      2,764      2,179      2,162      2,345      2,485        569
  Water and other transportation................................        887      1,033      1,086      1,220      1,339      1,443      1,523        417
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................      2,561      3,918      4,465      4,235      4,450      5,916     13,114      3,189
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................      2,291      2,651      3,047      3,565      3,458      3,678      4,649      1,342
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................      4,317      4,877      5,357      5,470      5,469      7,098      7,554      1,878
  Training, employment and social services......................      3,037      3,552      4,636      5,079      4,748      5,969      8,196      2,456
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.      7,354      8,429      9,993     10,549     10,217     13,067     15,751      4,334
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................      3,143      3,417      3,997      4,567      4,749      5,821      6,715      1,581
Medicare........................................................        366        397        455        439        667        661        836        220
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................        504        766      1,156      1,651      1,824      2,127      2,504        656
  Other.........................................................        455        627        672        762      1,022      1,368      2,270        474
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................        959      1,393      1,829      2,413      2,845      3,496      4,774      1,130
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        623        742        794        914        878      1,101      1,200        304
Veterans benefits and services..................................      2,057      2,314      2,734      3,050      3,358      4,121      4,535      1,157
Administration of justice.......................................        823      1,156      1,507      1,978      2,371      2,877      3,413        913
General government..............................................      2,292      2,447      2,961      3,284      3,773      3,720      3,545      2,090
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................    120,254    122,531    128,544    130,395    138,210    157,962    175,579     48,056
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 151]]


                                           Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983       1984
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................     97,517    104,649    116,777    134,629    157,964    185,933    209,882    228,045
International affairs...........................................      8,013      8,542      9,143     12,775     13,648     12,881     13,603     16,267
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................      1,072      1,154      1,295      1,380      1,469      1,591      1,638      1,839
  Space and other technology....................................      3,658      3,766      3,937      4,450      4,992      5,593      6,290      6,469
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............      4,730      4,919      5,232      5,829      6,461      7,184      7,928      8,308
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................      3,786      5,295      6,110      6,148     10,335      8,612      6,483      7,015
Natural resources and environment...............................     11,279     12,026     13,666     15,484     15,358     14,837     14,168     14,367
Agriculture.....................................................      1,193      1,304      1,519      1,533      1,682      1,693      1,625      1,873
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      3,455      3,369      3,801      5,080      4,272      3,582      3,512      3,675
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................      9,467      9,943     11,650     14,761     14,765     13,163     13,883     14,603
  Air transportation............................................      2,736      3,200      3,320      3,673      3,731      3,480      3,911      4,436
  Water and other transportation................................      1,716      1,692      1,923      2,281      2,334      2,592      2,754      2,792
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................     13,919     14,835     16,894     20,715     20,831     19,235     20,548     21,830
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................      6,058     10,845      9,247      9,437      9,058      6,677      6,087      6,316
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................      8,549      9,170     10,876     12,366     12,784     11,257     12,062     12,147
  Training, employment and social services......................      9,112     13,242     14,073     13,429     12,548      8,289      8,268      7,729
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.     17,661     22,412     24,948     25,795     25,332     19,545     20,330     19,876
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................      6,935      7,294      7,513      8,471      9,102      8,983      8,537      8,930
Medicare........................................................        770        936        988      1,080      1,222      1,256      1,342      1,531
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................      3,007      3,679      4,304      5,480      6,861      8,064      9,449     10,048
  Other.........................................................      2,529      2,808      3,159      5,325      6,328      6,786      7,507      7,389
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................      5,535      6,487      7,462     10,805     13,190     14,849     16,956     17,437
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................      1,370      1,413      1,479      1,494      1,703      2,048      2,211      2,171
Veterans benefits and services..................................      5,243      5,857      6,234      7,165      7,605      8,179      8,957      9,594
Administration of justice.......................................      3,711      3,901      4,258      4,668      4,864      4,804      5,196      5,768
General government..............................................      5,896      4,638      4,724      5,213      5,286      5,659      5,951      6,437
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................    197,072    218,722    239,993    276,321    307,913    325,958    353,316    379,440
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 152]]


                                           Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................    253,109    273,832    282,517    290,918    304,034    300,141    319,704    302,602
International affairs...........................................     17,390     17,708     15,224     15,743     16,596     19,056     19,698     19,160
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................      2,022      2,212      2,243      2,408      2,628      2,815      3,134      3,545
  Space and other technology....................................      6,607      6,756      6,957      8,413     10,196     11,609     12,957     12,838
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............      8,629      8,968      9,200     10,821     12,824     14,423     16,091     16,383
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................      6,502      5,021      5,021      4,968      4,881      4,761      4,409      5,396
Natural resources and environment...............................     15,071     15,444     15,253     16,011     17,074     17,790     18,593     20,027
Agriculture.....................................................      2,031      1,954      2,020      2,084      2,284      2,516      2,682      4,057
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      3,682      2,872      2,409      2,368      3,334      3,834      3,350      2,622
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................     17,076     17,899     16,199     17,391     16,950     17,611     18,028     18,869
  Air transportation............................................      4,934      5,341      5,556      5,888      6,621      7,233      8,187      9,316
  Water and other transportation................................      2,829      2,609      2,747      2,801      2,806      3,011      3,045      3,281
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................     24,839     25,849     24,502     26,079     26,377     27,855     29,260     31,465
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................      6,668      6,132      5,509      5,282      5,190      7,333      6,161      6,403
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................     13,651     14,262     14,811     15,657     17,446     18,352     20,364     22,528
  Training, employment and social services......................      8,156      8,533      8,433      8,933      9,670      9,522     10,237     11,501
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.     21,807     22,795     23,244     24,590     27,116     27,874     30,601     34,028
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................      9,602     10,231     10,653     12,151     13,055     14,863     16,164     17,966
Medicare........................................................      1,735      1,718      1,727      1,972      2,254      2,299      2,444      2,846
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................     11,402     11,441     11,278     12,727     13,979     15,481     16,958     18,776
  Other.........................................................      7,753      7,844      7,589      7,467      7,681      8,036      8,797      9,451
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................     19,156     19,285     18,867     20,194     21,660     23,517     25,756     28,227
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................      2,191      2,209      2,280      2,533      2,147      2,127      2,250      2,417
Veterans benefits and services..................................     10,352     10,653     11,037     11,677     12,145     12,996     13,759     15,112
Administration of justice.......................................      6,387      6,677      7,475      9,055      9,641     10,280     12,146     14,213
General government..............................................      6,643      7,178      7,262      7,990      8,218      8,906     10,261     10,906
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................    415,793    438,526    444,201    464,438    488,832    500,572    533,328    533,829
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 153]]


                                           Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................    292,430    282,266    273,562    265,961    271,674    270,250    275,463    294,965
International affairs...........................................     21,570     20,806     20,116     18,336     18,982     18,101     19,519     21,289
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................      3,927      3,820      4,108      3,987      4,092      5,307      5,633      6,170
  Space and other technology....................................     13,092     12,363     12,593     12,693     13,056     12,866     12,446     12,427
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............     17,019     16,183     16,701     16,680     17,148     18,173     18,079     18,597
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................      5,560      6,402      6,765      5,961      4,906      3,710      3,128      2,958
Natural resources and environment...............................     20,062     20,804     21,933     20,923     21,286     21,918     23,643     24,981
Agriculture.....................................................      4,136      4,266      3,889      4,009      3,943      4,197      4,431      4,515
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      2,099        853      2,850      1,674      1,608        490        447      4,470
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................     19,862     22,283     23,451     23,591     24,955     24,525     26,626     30,602
  Air transportation............................................     10,049     10,146     10,020     10,135     10,138     10,594     10,720     10,571
  Water and other transportation................................      3,332      3,563      3,566      3,307      3,302      3,132      3,211      3,573
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................     33,244     35,992     37,037     37,033     38,395     38,251     40,557     44,746
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................      8,446     10,877     10,202     10,431     10,772     10,207     11,971     11,419
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................     24,722     24,642     25,164     25,162     25,708     27,977     30,306     33,663
  Training, employment and social services......................     11,755     12,941     13,782     13,319     13,967     14,592     14,857     15,313
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.     36,477     37,583     38,946     38,481     39,675     42,569     45,163     48,976
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................     19,640     20,540     22,016     22,575     22,964     24,853     26,945     30,012
Medicare........................................................      2,650      2,914      2,971      2,953      2,575      2,589      2,753      2,998
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................     21,397     23,804     27,438     26,660     27,693     28,686     27,645     28,788
  Other.........................................................      9,960     11,941     11,772     11,340     11,754     12,223     12,313     12,639
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................     31,357     35,745     39,210     38,000     39,447     40,909     39,958     41,427
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................      2,600      2,651      2,573      2,620      2,955      3,096      3,046      3,375
Veterans benefits and services..................................     15,823     16,720     17,432     17,607     18,608     18,501     19,374     20,753
Administration of justice.......................................     14,891     15,288     16,443     17,932     20,534     22,663     25,578     27,463
General government..............................................     11,410     11,520     12,216     11,531     11,761     11,627     11,933     11,891
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................    539,412    541,410    544,862    532,707    547,233    552,104    571,988    614,835
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 154]]


                                           Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                      Category and Program                           2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................    306,075    348,952    404,953    454,077    493,617    519,974    568,836    602,922
International affairs...........................................     22,496     26,181     27,915     33,755     39,020     36,071     38,683     38,214
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................      6,509      7,237      7,935      8,326      8,787      9,006      9,307      9,914
  Space and other technology....................................     13,236     13,473     12,880     14,637     14,778     14,491     15,420     16,595
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............     19,745     20,710     20,815     22,963     23,565     23,497     24,727     26,509
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................      2,897      2,975      3,061      3,386      3,795      3,261      3,782      3,991
Natural resources and environment...............................     25,960     28,639     30,287     30,598     30,313     33,986     33,454     31,727
Agriculture.....................................................      4,958      5,165      5,642      5,754      5,974      5,958      5,758      6,089
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      1,460        976       -572        117      2,143      1,847      2,686      2,943
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................     34,595     39,031     35,813     39,930     41,583     44,212     47,296     49,839
  Air transportation............................................     11,617     14,147     23,086     17,123     18,937     18,803     18,399     19,481
  Water and other transportation................................      3,901      4,101      5,283      5,735      5,556      5,850      6,784      7,467
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................     50,113     57,279     64,182     62,788     66,076     68,865     72,479     76,787
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................     12,417     14,143     19,498     15,664     24,919     38,328     29,654     24,618
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................     37,689     43,333     50,920     54,822     59,410     60,655     61,117     57,496
  Training, employment and social services......................     16,607     19,445     20,340     20,394     19,715     20,051     20,596     18,901
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.     54,296     62,778     71,260     75,216     79,125     80,706     81,713     76,397
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................     33,158     39,402     44,233     47,732     50,522     51,398     53,642     53,869
Medicare........................................................      3,323      3,156      3,724      4,470      4,304      4,989      4,778      5,153
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................     30,067     33,046     35,306     36,574     37,710     38,002     38,627     39,662
  Other.........................................................     13,905     14,954     15,687     15,704     16,540     16,371     16,754     16,351
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................     43,972     48,000     50,993     52,278     54,250     54,373     55,381     56,013
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................      3,590      3,907      4,227      4,011      4,593      4,638      4,639      4,814
Veterans benefits and services..................................     22,399     24,106     25,743     28,594     30,497     32,441     33,478     38,592
Administration of justice.......................................     29,853     33,807     34,194     37,984     39,279     40,310     42,470     44,956
General government..............................................     12,614     14,143     15,257     16,074     16,459     16,046     16,264     17,811
Allowances......................................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      7,428      2,345
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................    649,326    734,319    825,412    895,461    968,451  1,016,688  1,079,852  1,113,750
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Due to the effects of the Credit Reform Act of 1990 on the measurement and classification of Federal credit activities, the discretionary outlays
  for years prior to 1992 are not strictly comparable to those for 1992 and beyond. However, the discretionary outlays shown for 1992 are no more than
  $1 billion higher than they would have been if measured on the same (pre-credit reform) basis as the 1991 outlays.