[Historical Tables]
[Section 8 - Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category]
[Table 8.8 - Outlays for Discretionary Programs in Constant (FY 2000) Dollars: 1962-2008]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 155]]

 
   Table 8.8--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2008
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1962       1963       1964       1965       1966       1967       1968       1969
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................      317.1      311.2      316.5      294.1      327.8      386.4      421.3      401.1
International affairs...........................................       33.1       29.9       25.1       24.7       25.9       26.7       23.6       18.5
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        3.0        3.0        4.2        4.1        4.4        4.5        4.5        4.2
  Space and other technology....................................        7.4       14.3       22.5       26.4       29.9       26.7       22.3       18.5
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............       10.3       17.4       26.7       30.6       34.3       31.1       26.8       22.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        3.9        3.7        3.7        4.4        3.8        4.2        5.0        4.6
Natural resources and environment...............................       13.7       14.4       14.5       14.9       16.0       16.4       16.5       15.4
Agriculture.....................................................        2.2        2.6        2.7        2.8        3.1        3.4        3.8        3.5
Commerce and housing credit.....................................        8.1        7.8        6.4        8.6        9.5       11.2       10.2        4.7
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.5        0.6        0.8        1.4
  Air transportation............................................        4.4        4.4        4.4        4.6        4.6        4.9        5.0        5.4
  Water and other transportation................................        3.7        3.6        3.4        3.7        3.4        3.7        4.0        3.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................        8.6        8.4        8.1        8.6        8.5        9.3        9.8       10.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................        2.6        3.0        5.0        5.7        5.5        5.3        6.6        7.2
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................        3.8        4.3        4.5        5.4       11.7       17.2       19.2       17.5
  Training, employment and social services......................        1.7        1.9        2.3        4.2        9.2       12.3       14.6       14.2
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.        5.6        6.2        6.8        9.6       20.9       29.5       33.8       31.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................        6.3        7.1        8.3        7.7        8.7       10.5       12.4       12.8
Medicare........................................................  .........  .........  .........  .........        0.3        1.1        1.1        1.4
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................        0.8        0.8        0.9        1.0        1.1        1.1        1.3        1.5
  Other.........................................................        2.0        1.6        1.8        1.7        1.8        1.9        1.9        2.0
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................        2.8        2.5        2.7        2.6        2.8        3.0        3.2        3.5
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        1.9        1.9        2.0        2.0        2.2        2.2        2.7        2.7
Veterans benefits and services..................................        6.2        6.3        6.6        6.7        6.8        7.0        7.2        7.4
Administration of justice.......................................        2.6        2.6        2.7        2.8        2.9        3.1        3.2        3.0
General government..............................................        7.6        7.7        9.0        8.4        8.7        9.3        9.3        8.8
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................      432.5      432.6      447.1      434.0      487.7      559.8      596.5      559.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 156]]


                            Table 8.8--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975       1976        TQ
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................      376.1      341.4      311.0      280.1      272.1      266.1      253.4       61.2
International affairs...........................................       16.9       14.9       17.0       17.0       20.6       24.9       20.7        9.0
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        4.0        4.0        3.6        3.4        3.4        3.2        2.9        0.8
  Space and other technology....................................       15.2       12.6       11.9       10.8        9.8        9.0        9.3        2.3
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............       19.3       16.6       15.5       14.2       13.2       12.2       12.1        3.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        4.2        3.5        4.1        3.8        2.3        5.3        7.2        2.0
Natural resources and environment...............................       15.0       17.1       18.0       19.8       22.3       25.4       25.7        8.0
Agriculture.....................................................        3.6        3.6        3.5        3.4        3.2        3.3        3.0        0.7
Commerce and housing credit.....................................        9.0       10.6        7.1        6.9        8.0        8.7        7.7        3.1
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................        1.3        2.1        2.4        3.2        3.3        6.7       27.4        6.4
  Air transportation............................................        5.9        9.5       10.3        7.8        7.3        7.2        7.0        1.5
  Water and other transportation................................        3.8        4.1        4.0        4.3        4.4        4.4        4.2        1.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................       11.0       15.6       16.8       15.3       15.0       18.4       38.6        9.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................       10.5       11.4       12.5       13.9       12.5       12.0       13.9        3.9
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................       19.4       20.4       21.3       20.9       19.3       22.5       21.9        5.3
  Training, employment and social services......................       14.0       15.2       18.8       19.9       17.1       19.6       24.8        7.2
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.       33.4       35.6       40.1       40.9       36.4       42.1       46.7       12.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................       13.3       13.5       15.0       16.2       15.8       17.7       18.7        4.3
Medicare........................................................        1.6        1.6        1.7        1.5        2.2        2.0        2.3        0.6
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................        1.9        2.8        4.1        5.6        5.8        6.1        6.7        1.7
  Other.........................................................        2.0        2.6        2.7        2.9        3.5        4.3        6.5        1.3
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................        4.0        5.4        6.8        8.5        9.3       10.4       13.2        3.0
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        2.7        2.9        2.9        3.2        2.9        3.4        3.3        0.8
Veterans benefits and services..................................        8.0        8.6        9.7       10.5       10.7       11.9       12.3        3.0
Administration of justice.......................................        3.5        4.7        5.7        7.2        8.1        9.0        9.7        2.5
General government..............................................        9.8        9.8       11.1       11.7       12.6       11.4       10.0        5.7
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................      542.0      516.8      498.5      474.3      467.2      484.0      498.5      132.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 157]]


                            Table 8.8--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983       1984
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................      251.3      251.5      258.4      268.3      283.0      308.0      330.6      334.9
International affairs...........................................       20.3       20.6       20.4       26.2       25.4       22.7       23.0       26.5
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        2.7        2.8        2.9        2.8        2.7        2.8        2.8        3.0
  Space and other technology....................................        9.3        9.1        8.8        9.1        9.3        9.9       10.6       10.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............       12.0       11.8       11.7       12.0       12.0       12.7       13.4       13.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        9.6       12.8       13.7       12.7       19.3       15.2       11.0       11.5
Natural resources and environment...............................       29.8       29.9       31.5       32.5       29.1       26.4       24.1       23.5
Agriculture.....................................................        3.1        3.2        3.5        3.2        3.2        3.0        2.8        3.1
Commerce and housing credit.....................................        8.8        8.1        8.5       10.4        8.0        6.3        5.9        6.0
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................       26.2       25.9       28.0       32.0       28.8       23.8       23.9       24.0
  Air transportation............................................        7.0        7.8        7.5        7.6        7.0        6.1        6.6        7.2
  Water and other transportation................................        4.4        4.1        4.3        4.7        4.3        4.6        4.7        4.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................       37.6       37.8       39.8       44.3       40.2       34.5       35.2       35.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................       16.7       27.9       22.0       20.3       17.5       12.0       10.5       10.4
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................       22.9       23.2       25.4       26.0       24.2       19.9       20.3       19.6
  Training, employment and social services......................       25.5       34.9       34.0       29.1       24.5       14.9       14.2       12.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.       48.4       58.1       59.3       55.1       48.7       34.9       34.5       32.2
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................       17.8       17.6       16.7       17.1       16.8       15.6       14.2       14.4
Medicare........................................................        2.0        2.3        2.2        2.2        2.3        2.2        2.3        2.5
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................        7.5        8.6        9.3       10.7       12.3       13.6       15.2       15.6
  Other.........................................................        6.7        6.9        7.2       10.8       11.6       11.7       12.4       11.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................       14.2       15.5       16.5       21.5       23.9       25.3       27.6       27.3
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        3.5        3.4        3.3        3.1        3.2        3.6        3.7        3.5
Veterans benefits and services..................................       13.1       13.8       13.5       14.1       13.6       13.8       14.5       14.9
Administration of justice.......................................        9.6        9.5        9.6        9.6        9.1        8.5        8.8        9.4
General government..............................................       15.6       11.6       10.7       10.8        9.9       10.0       10.1       10.5
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................      513.4      535.4      541.3      563.4      565.1      554.6      572.2      579.9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 158]]


                            Table 8.8--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................      357.0      381.4      387.9      393.9      399.6      383.7      390.4      359.3
International affairs...........................................       27.5       27.4       22.8       22.9       23.6       26.5       25.9       24.0
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        3.2        3.4        3.4        3.5        3.7        3.9        4.1        4.4
  Space and other technology....................................       10.5       10.4       10.4       12.2       14.5       16.1       17.1       16.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............       13.7       13.9       13.8       15.7       18.2       20.0       21.2       20.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................       10.3        7.8        7.5        7.2        6.9        6.6        5.8        6.8
Natural resources and environment...............................       23.9       23.8       22.7       23.1       24.1       24.4       24.2       25.0
Agriculture.....................................................        3.2        3.0        3.0        3.0        3.2        3.4        3.5        5.1
Commerce and housing credit.....................................        5.8        4.4        3.6        3.4        4.7        5.3        4.4        3.3
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................       27.0       27.3       23.6       24.5       23.1       23.0       22.6       23.1
  Air transportation............................................        7.8        8.2        8.3        8.5        9.3        9.9       10.7       11.6
  Water and other transportation................................        4.5        4.0        4.1        4.1        4.0        4.2        4.0        4.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................       39.3       39.6       36.1       37.1       36.4       37.1       37.3       38.9
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................       10.5        9.4        8.1        7.5        7.1        9.7        7.8        7.9
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................       21.2       21.5       21.5       21.9       23.5       23.8       25.4       27.2
  Training, employment and social services......................       12.9       13.1       12.4       12.7       13.3       12.6       13.0       14.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.       34.1       34.5       33.9       34.6       36.8       36.4       38.3       41.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................       15.0       15.6       15.7       17.4       18.2       20.1       20.7       22.1
Medicare........................................................        2.7        2.7        2.6        2.9        3.2        3.2        3.2        3.6
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................       17.1       16.7       16.0       17.3       18.2       19.4       20.4       21.9
  Other.........................................................       11.9       11.7       10.9       10.4       10.3       10.4       10.9       11.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................       29.0       28.4       26.9       27.7       28.5       29.7       31.2       33.3
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        3.5        3.4        3.4        3.7        3.1        3.0        3.0        3.0
Veterans benefits and services..................................       15.6       15.6       15.7       16.0       15.9       16.4       16.7       17.7
Administration of justice.......................................       10.1       10.3       11.2       13.1       13.6       14.2       15.9       17.8
General government..............................................       10.5       11.1       10.9       11.6       11.6       12.3       13.4       13.7
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................      611.8      632.2      625.7      640.6      654.9      652.2      663.0      643.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 159]]


                            Table 8.8--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................      341.8      323.6      307.5      289.4      289.6      284.5      284.3      295.0
International affairs...........................................       25.6       24.2       22.5       19.8       20.2       19.1       20.2       21.3
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        4.7        4.4        4.6        4.3        4.4        5.6        5.8        6.2
  Space and other technology....................................       15.6       14.4       14.1       13.7       13.9       13.6       12.9       12.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............       20.2       18.8       18.7       18.0       18.2       19.2       18.7       18.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        6.6        7.4        7.6        6.5        5.2        3.9        3.2        3.0
Natural resources and environment...............................       23.9       24.2       24.5       22.7       22.7       23.1       24.4       25.0
Agriculture.....................................................        4.9        5.0        4.3        4.3        4.2        4.4        4.6        4.5
Commerce and housing credit.....................................        2.5        1.0        3.2        1.8        1.7        0.5        0.5        4.5
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................       23.6       25.8       26.3       25.8       26.8       25.9       27.6       30.6
  Air transportation............................................       12.0       11.8       11.2       11.0       10.8       11.2       11.1       10.6
  Water and other transportation................................        4.0        4.1        4.0        3.6        3.5        3.3        3.3        3.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................       39.5       41.7       41.5       40.3       41.1       40.4       42.0       44.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................       10.0       12.6       11.4       11.4       11.5       10.8       12.4       11.4
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................       29.0       28.2       28.0       27.3       27.4       29.4       31.3       33.7
  Training, employment and social services......................       13.9       15.0       15.4       14.5       14.9       15.4       15.4       15.3
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.       42.9       43.2       43.4       41.8       42.3       44.8       46.7       49.0
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................       23.1       23.6       24.4       24.3       24.3       26.1       27.8       30.0
Medicare........................................................        3.2        3.4        3.3        3.2        2.7        2.7        2.8        3.0
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................       24.4       26.6       30.0       28.5       29.1       29.9       28.4       28.8
  Other.........................................................       11.6       13.5       13.0       12.2       12.4       12.8       12.7       12.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................       36.0       40.1       43.0       40.8       41.6       42.7       41.0       41.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        3.1        3.1        2.9        2.8        3.1        3.3        3.1        3.4
Veterans benefits and services..................................       18.1       18.7       19.0       18.8       19.5       19.2       19.9       20.8
Administration of justice.......................................       17.7       17.7       18.4       19.4       21.9       23.9       26.4       27.5
General government..............................................       13.6       13.4       13.7       12.5       12.5       12.3       12.3       11.9
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................      632.7      621.6      609.2      577.9      582.4      581.0      590.2      614.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 160]]


                            Table 8.8--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                      Category and Program                           2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................      298.4      329.8      364.5      392.8      406.4      415.7      444.3      458.6
International affairs...........................................       22.0       24.9       25.7       29.9       33.1       29.7       31.3       30.2
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        6.4        6.9        7.3        7.4        7.5        7.4        7.5        7.8
  Space and other technology....................................       12.9       12.8       11.9       13.0       12.5       11.9       12.5       13.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............       19.3       19.7       19.2       20.4       20.0       19.3       20.0       21.0
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        2.8        2.8        2.8        3.0        3.2        2.7        3.0        3.1
Natural resources and environment...............................       25.4       27.2       27.9       27.1       25.6       27.8       26.8       24.8
Agriculture.....................................................        4.8        4.9        5.2        5.1        5.1        4.9        4.6        4.8
Commerce and housing credit.....................................        1.4        0.9       -0.5        0.1        1.8        1.5        2.2        2.3
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................       33.6       37.0       32.8       35.2       34.6       34.9       36.0       36.5
  Air transportation............................................       11.3       13.4       21.3       15.2       16.0       15.3       14.7       15.2
  Water and other transportation................................        3.8        3.9        4.9        5.1        4.7        4.8        5.5        5.9
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................       48.7       54.4       58.9       55.4       55.3       55.0       56.2       57.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................       12.1       13.4       17.9       13.8       20.8       30.8       23.1       18.5
Education, training, employment and social services:
  Education.....................................................       36.7       41.3       47.1       49.0       50.5       49.2       48.1       43.8
  Training, employment and social services......................       16.2       18.5       18.7       18.1       16.6       16.0       16.0       14.2
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social services.       52.8       59.8       65.8       67.0       67.0       65.2       64.1       58.0
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..........................................................       32.4       37.6       41.0       42.7       43.4       42.7       43.7       42.8
Medicare........................................................        3.3        3.0        3.4        4.0        3.7        4.1        3.9        4.1
Income security:
  Housing assistance............................................       29.4       31.8       33.2       33.6       33.5       32.4       32.2       32.2
  Other.........................................................       13.6       14.3       14.7       14.3       14.5       13.8       13.8       13.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.....................................       43.0       46.1       47.9       47.8       48.0       46.2       46.1       45.3
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.................................................        3.5        3.7        3.9        3.6        3.9        3.8        3.8        3.8
Veterans benefits and services..................................       21.9       23.2       24.3       26.2       27.0       27.7       28.1       31.6
Administration of justice.......................................       29.2       32.1       31.5       33.7       33.3       33.1       34.2       35.4
General government..............................................       12.3       13.4       14.0       14.2       13.9       13.2       13.1       14.1
Allowances......................................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        6.0        1.9
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for discretionary programs........................      633.4      696.8      753.6      786.8      811.4      823.5      854.4      857.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Due to the effects of the Credit Reform Act of 1990 on the measurement and classification of Federal credit activities, the discretionary outlays
  for years prior to 1992 are not strictly comparable to those for 1992 and beyond. However, the discretionary outlays shown for 1992 are no more than
  $1 billion higher (in nominal dollars) than they would have been if measured on the same (pre-credit reform) basis as the 1991 outlays.