[Historical Tables]
[Section 8 - Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category]
[Table 8.9 - Budget Authority for Discretionary Programs: 1976-2008]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 161]]

 
    Table 8.9--BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1976-2008
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Category and Program                 1976         TQ         1977        1978        1979        1980        1981        1982        1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense............................     97,567      23,455     110,362     117,349     126,880     144,502     180,443     217,179     244,972
International affairs.......................      8,410       1,557       9,514      11,033      13,303      12,874      17,555      14,222      16,017
  General science, space and technology:
    General science and basic research......      1,037         244       1,129       1,270       1,344       1,456       1,526       1,524       1,627
    Space and other technology..............      3,227         850       3,498       3,807       4,223       4,790       5,108       5,683       6,517
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and            4,264       1,094       4,627       5,076       5,567       6,246       6,634       7,208       8,145
       technology...........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy......................................      3,597         943       5,586       9,015       8,446      17,445       8,970       8,280       6,928
Natural resources and environment...........      6,856       2,081      10,620      14,650      14,662      14,613      12,857      13,121      14,585
Agriculture.................................      1,131         296       1,197       1,401       1,574       1,535       1,737       1,684       1,957
Commerce and housing credit.................      3,581       1,109       4,543       4,178       4,325       6,162       4,324       3,259       3,556
  Transportation:
    Ground transportation...................      2,970       1,277       2,110       2,886       5,164       6,250       8,716       8,450       5,466
    Air transportation......................      2,270         524       2,454       2,692       3,048       3,181       3,397       3,223       3,939
    Water and other transportation..........      1,304         301       1,306       1,564       1,689       1,766       2,099       2,432       2,380
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation..................      6,545       2,102       5,869       7,141       9,900      11,197      14,212      14,105      11,785
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..........      4,166         460      12,245       9,838       8,967       9,804       7,715       6,267       7,602
  Education, training, employment and social
   services:
    Education...............................      8,835       3,317      10,508      11,030      12,607      12,660      12,421      11,698      12,338
    Training, employment and social services      9,260       1,339      16,331       7,433      15,048      12,641      12,162       7,308       8,584
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment      18,096       4,656      26,839      18,463      27,655      25,301      24,583      19,006      20,922
       and social services..................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health......................................      6,220       1,230       6,856       7,703       8,317       8,812       8,729       8,205       8,795
Medicare....................................        775         222         836         914         985       1,078       1,207       1,221       1,369
  Income security:
    Housing assistance......................     18,621         111      28,629      32,300      24,780      27,654      26,071      13,876      10,025
    Other...................................      2,169         529       2,518       2,755       3,363       5,680       6,537       6,822       7,865
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.................     20,790         641      31,147      35,055      28,143      33,335      32,608      20,698      17,889
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.............................      1,086         279       1,181       1,292       1,365       1,451       1,635       1,905       2,120
Veterans benefits and services..............      4,931       1,216       5,612       6,249       6,756       7,043       7,583       8,479       9,526
Administration of justice...................      3,389         879       3,712       3,971       4,337       4,493       4,518       4,844       5,468
General government..........................      6,363       2,363       6,071       6,614       4,834       5,347       5,648       5,884       6,644
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Total discretionary budget authority........    197,766      44,583     246,817     259,940     276,016     311,237     340,959     355,567     388,278
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 162]]


                                      Table 8.9--BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1976-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Category and Program                 1984        1985        1986        1987        1988        1989        1990        1991        1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense............................    265,584     294,853     289,625     287,960     292,497     300,067     303,946     332,228     299,115
International affairs.......................     25,170      24,057      20,279      18,800      18,079      18,537      20,027      21,321      20,927
  General science, space and technology:
    General science and basic research......      1,957       2,223       2,107       2,324       2,521       2,835       3,167       3,454       4,105
    Space and other technology..............      6,858       6,925       7,165      10,198       8,322      10,001      11,359      13,046      13,199
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and            8,815       9,148       9,272      12,522      10,843      12,836      14,526      16,500      17,304
       technology...........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy......................................      6,029       6,527       4,299       3,211       4,726       4,726       5,585       5,436       5,833
Natural resources and environment...........     13,967      15,082      13,355      16,185      16,238      17,284      18,593      19,615      21,288
Agriculture.................................      2,053       2,123       1,998       2,166       2,218       2,253       2,612       2,979       4,408
Commerce and housing credit.................      3,775       4,023       2,937       2,937       2,912       3,125       3,914       2,825       3,429
  Transportation:
    Ground transportation...................      4,267       4,056       3,385       3,417       3,020       3,001       4,051       3,443       3,703
    Air transportation......................      4,316       5,063       4,565       4,685       5,209       5,792       6,609       7,332       8,104
    Water and other transportation..........      2,679       2,471       2,165       2,432       2,362       2,769       2,874       2,890       3,154
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation..................     11,262      11,591      10,115      10,534      10,590      11,563      13,533      13,665      14,962
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..........      6,611       6,232       5,766       5,657       5,451       6,063       7,311       5,892      11,384
  Education, training, employment and social
   services:
    Education...............................     13,092      15,167      14,438      16,717      17,397      18,355      19,939      22,861      24,446
    Training, employment and social services     11,867       8,808       8,151       8,827       9,324       9,508      10,091      10,953      11,912
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment      24,960      23,975      22,589      25,543      26,721      27,864      30,031      33,814      36,358
       and social services..................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health......................................      9,343      10,310      10,344      12,141      12,958      14,262      16,078      18,169      19,560
Medicare....................................      1,553       1,656       1,719       1,724       2,206       2,276       2,361       2,566       2,860
  Income security:
    Housing assistance......................     11,398      12,613      10,748       8,564       8,648       9,009      10,785      19,596      19,696
    Other...................................      8,033       7,655       7,790       7,722       7,629       7,652       8,158       9,985      10,735
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.................     19,431      20,268      18,538      16,286      16,276      16,662      18,943      29,581      30,432
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.............................      2,080       2,110       2,193       2,147       2,257       2,121       2,223       2,399       2,540
Veterans benefits and services..............      9,946      10,783      10,742      11,313      11,631      12,363      13,037      14,124      15,298
Administration of justice...................      6,152       6,781       6,828       8,657       9,180      10,055      12,555      12,906      14,499
General government..........................      6,915       7,072       7,305       7,981       8,468       9,024      11,430      12,078      11,196
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Total discretionary budget authority........    423,645     456,592     437,903     445,764     453,251     471,081     496,704     546,099     531,392
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 163]]


                                      Table 8.9--BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1976-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Category and Program                       1993        1994        1995        1996        1997        1998        1999        2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense........................................    276,109     262,246     262,937     265,186     266,248     272,416     288,310     300,767
International affairs...................................     33,257      20,854      20,166      18,122      18,150      18,991      41,509      23,459
  General science, space and technology:
    General science and basic research..................      4,149       4,558       4,132       4,121       4,184       5,627       6,329       6,658
    Space and other technology..........................     13,063      13,022      12,543      12,570      12,456      12,321      12,460      12,541
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology.......     17,212      17,580      16,675      16,691      16,640      17,948      18,789      19,199
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..................................................      5,832       6,381       6,230       4,893       4,212       3,077       2,861       2,705
Natural resources and environment.......................     21,395      22,430      20,421      20,639      22,379      23,405      23,800      24,633
Agriculture.............................................      4,178       4,303       3,844       4,075       4,092       4,214       4,368       4,587
Commerce and housing credit.............................      2,482       1,442       3,061       2,248       1,395         446         774       5,112
  Transportation:
    Ground transportation...............................      2,575       3,883       3,067       2,453       2,899       2,051       2,340       2,011
    Air transportation..................................      8,307       8,430       5,985       7,987       8,328       8,687       9,046       9,207
    Water and other transportation......................      3,077       3,384       3,433       3,157       3,276       3,238       3,760       3,953
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation..............................     13,959      15,697      12,485      13,597      14,503      13,976      15,146      15,171
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development......................      9,655      15,394      12,090      11,707      13,114      10,366      11,122      12,202
  Education, training, employment and social services:
    Education...........................................     25,485      26,355      26,413      23,234      28,193      31,350      30,511      31,104
    Training, employment and social services............     12,658      14,266      13,477      13,284      14,660      15,382      16,172      13,307
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social       38,143      40,620      39,890      36,518      42,853      46,732      46,683      44,411
       services.........................................
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..................................................     20,697      22,193      22,814      23,303      25,086      26,386      30,209      33,823
Medicare................................................      2,829       2,962       3,028       2,939       2,623       2,723       2,803       2,998
  Income security:
    Housing assistance..................................     21,117      21,088      15,302      16,410      11,661      17,449      20,377      18,077
    Other...............................................     10,871      11,978      12,200      11,347      11,032      12,309      12,376      13,491
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.............................     31,988      33,066      27,502      27,757      22,693      29,758      32,753      31,568
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.........................................      2,640       2,828       2,325       3,135       3,451       3,195       3,144       3,195
Veterans benefits and services..........................     16,235      17,193      17,618      17,801      18,908      18,943      19,261      20,904
Administration of justice...............................     14,852      15,454      18,650      21,056      23,395      25,385      27,137      27,710
General government......................................     11,507      11,946      11,684      11,291      11,473      11,672      13,171      11,906
                                                         ===============================================================================================
Total discretionary budget authority....................    522,970     512,589     501,420     500,958     511,215     529,633     581,840     584,350
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 164]]


                                      Table 8.9--BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1976-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                     2007        2008
                  Category and Program                       2001        2002        2003        2004        2005        2006      estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense........................................    331,720     360,823     455,008     485,677     499,848     556,505     619,341     643,727
International affairs...................................     24,179      25,167      33,483      49,333      34,727      35,882      36,937      39,502
  General science, space and technology:
    General science and basic research..................      7,574       8,016       8,561       9,045       9,002       9,156       9,163      10,761
    Space and other technology..........................     13,327      13,901      14,386      14,321      15,243      15,765      15,606      16,580
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology.......     20,901      21,917      22,947      23,366      24,245      24,921      24,769      27,341
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..................................................      3,183       3,247       3,217       3,564       3,806       3,780       3,621       4,208
Natural resources and environment.......................     29,054      29,614      30,139      31,134      31,897      38,046      27,888      28,739
Agriculture.............................................      5,014       5,634       6,180       5,838       5,916       6,147       5,641       5,765
Commerce and housing credit.............................      1,413         603        -299         -13       2,620       1,863       2,623       3,003
  Transportation:
    Ground transportation...............................      4,928       4,810       2,958       2,894       4,450       6,673      -1,111         311
    Air transportation..................................     10,922      14,106      17,790      14,890      15,194      15,645      15,518      15,659
    Water and other transportation......................      3,813       4,483       5,836       5,771       5,824       6,487       7,296       7,397
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation..............................     19,663      23,399      26,584      23,555      25,468      28,805      21,703      23,367
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development......................     14,342      22,721      16,402      17,435      82,402      14,048      16,202      10,694
  Education, training, employment and social services:
    Education...........................................     42,168      51,550      55,309      57,965      59,594      60,898      58,601      58,594
    Training, employment and social services............     19,169      19,761      19,806      20,211      20,619      20,054      20,262      17,646
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Education, training, employment and social       61,337      71,311      75,115      78,176      80,213      80,952      78,863      76,240
       services.........................................
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Health..................................................     38,891      45,787      49,395      50,828      52,008      56,489      50,992      52,315
Medicare................................................      3,323       3,805       3,795       5,350       4,000       4,912       4,757       5,192
  Income security:
    Housing assistance..................................     25,100      26,945      28,771      29,576      29,108      31,170      30,347      32,858
    Other...............................................     14,638      15,760      15,496      15,652      16,679      16,538      16,362      16,366
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Income security.............................     39,738      42,705      44,267      45,228      45,787      47,708      46,709      49,224
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security.........................................      3,430       3,504       3,797       4,133       4,436       4,633       4,642       4,866
Veterans benefits and services..........................     22,459      24,043      26,614      29,231      32,298      34,205      33,292      39,551
Administration of justice...............................     31,078      35,434      35,741      37,884      39,417      41,118      40,997      43,639
General government......................................     14,107      15,075      17,071      16,867      15,908      16,710      15,684      17,593
Allowances..............................................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........     13,130   ..........
                                                         ===============================================================================================
Total discretionary budget authority....................    663,832     734,789     849,456     907,586     984,996     996,724   1,047,791   1,074,966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Due to the effects of the Credit Reform Act of 1990 on the measurement and classification of Federal credit activities, the discretionary budget
  authority for these programs for years prior to 1992 is not strictly comparable to that for 1992 and beyond. Due to the effects of the Budget
  Enforcement Act of 1990 and subsequent comparable redefinitions on the measurement and classification as budget authority of the obligation
  limitations of certain special and trust funds, the discretionary budget authority for these programs for years prior to 1990 is not strictly
  comparable to that for 1990 and beyond.