[Historical Tables]
[Section 9 - Federal Government Outlays for Major Physical Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training]
[Table 9.6 - Composition of Outlays for Grants for Major Public Physical Capital Investment: 1941-2008]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 174]]

 
   Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Category                   1941         1942         1943         1944         1945         1946         1947         1948         1949
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways.......................         172          152           88           48           33           44          183          327          403
    Airports.......................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           6           30
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation.........         172          152           88           48           33           44          183          333          433
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional
   development:
    Public works acceleration/local         117           68          130          134          119           68           31            8            8
     public works..................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional          117           68          130          134          119           68           31            8            8
       development.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and
   environment:
    Other..........................           1            1            1            1            1            1            1            2            3
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and             1            1            1            1            1            1            1            2            3
       environment.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Health.........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           1           10
    Veterans.......................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          29          384           96            7
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense.......  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          29          384           97           17
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense............         290          222          218          183          154          142          599          440          462
                                    ====================================================================================================================
Total..............................         290          222          218          183          154          142          599          440          462
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Category                   1950         1951         1952         1953         1954         1955         1956         1957         1958
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways.......................         432          396          415          501          522          586          729          950        1,511
    Airports.......................          33           30           33           27           18            8           17           21           43
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation.........         465          426          448          528          540          594          746          971        1,554
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional
   development:
    Urban renewal..................  ...........  ...........  ...........           8           12           34           14           30           37
    Public works acceleration/local           1            *            4   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
     public works..................
    Other..........................  ...........  ...........  ...........           5            5            6            7            4            4
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional            1            *            4           13           17           40           21           34           41
       development.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and
   environment:
    Pollution control facilities...           1            1            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           2           19
    Other..........................           5            5            6            8           16           21           25           24           29
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and             6            6            7            8           16           21           25           26           49
       environment.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training,             ...........          62           55          134          105          121           89           67           74
     employment, and social
     services......................
    Health.........................           9           70           61           60           52           34           24           32           50
    Veterans.......................           3            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
    Other..........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           9           13
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense.......          12          133          116          194          157          155          113          108          137
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense............         484          566          575          743          730          810          905        1,139        1,780
                                    ====================================================================================================================
National defense \1\ ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........          13           14           10           10            9            8
                                    ====================================================================================================================
Total..............................         484          566          575          756          744          820          915        1,148        1,788
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 175]]


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Category                   1959         1960         1961         1962         1963         1964         1965         1966         1967
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways.......................       2,601        2,927        2,610        2,769        3,008        3,626        3,998        3,979        3,984
    Urban mass transportation \2\ .  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          11           16           42
    Airports.......................          57           57           65           58           52           65           71           54           64
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation.........       2,658        2,984        2,674        2,827        3,059        3,691        4,079        4,049        4,090
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional
   development:
    Urban renewal..................          77          104          144          169          199          212          281          313          370
    Public works acceleration/local  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          15          257          288           85           19
     public works..................
    Other..........................           3            2            1            *            2           14           13           22          105
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional           80          106          145          170          217          484          582          420          495
       development.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and
   environment:
    Pollution control facilities...          36           40           44           42           52           66           75           88           99
    Other..........................          36           47           46           52           88           78           84          105          121
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and            72           88           90           94          140          144          159          193          220
       environment.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training,                     66           71           59           42           53           39           50          119          236
     employment, and social
     services......................
    Health.........................          69           64           68           72           72           64           69           96          142
    Other..........................           3            3            5           18           32           38           27           24           38
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense.......         138          138          132          132          157          141          146          239          416
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense............       2,948        3,316        3,042        3,223        3,572        4,460        4,966        4,901        5,221
                                    ====================================================================================================================
National defense \1\ ..............           8            5           11           16           28           22           19           11           10
                                    ====================================================================================================================
Total..............................       2,956        3,321        3,053        3,239        3,600        4,482        4,985        4,912        5,231
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 176]]


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Category                   1968         1969         1970         1971         1972         1973         1974         1975         1976
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways.......................       4,138        4,121        4,311        4,570        4,601        4,644        4,378        4,589        6,144
    Urban mass transportation \2\ .          66          141          119          187          259          358          503          687          946
    Airports.......................          75          104           83           62          106          232          243          292          269
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation.........       4,279        4,366        4,514        4,818        4,966        5,235        5,123        5,568        7,360
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional
   development:
    Block grants...................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          38          983
    Urban renewal..................         475          534        1,054        1,026        1,218        1,010        1,205        1,374        1,166
    Public works acceleration/local           5            2            1            *            *   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
     public works..................
    Other..........................         294          428          570          900        1,104        1,279        1,180        1,082          667
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional          774          964        1,624        1,927        2,322        2,289        2,386        2,494        2,816
       development.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and
   environment:
    Pollution control facilities...         133          161          176          478          413          684        1,553        1,938        2,429
    Other..........................         176          145          189          169          214          230          299          338          360
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and           308          306          365          648          627          915        1,852        2,276        2,788
       environment.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training,                    297          293          257          222          146          124           74           86           44
     employment, and social
     services......................
    Health.........................         200          171          230          221          294          211          256          306          361
    Other..........................          27           49           50           22           38           60          114          111           89
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense.......         524          513          537          465          478          395          444          502          494
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense............       5,885        6,149        7,040        7,858        8,393        8,834        9,806       10,840       13,458
                                    ====================================================================================================================
National defense \1\ ..............          11           16           16           14           24           31           39           41           60
                                    ====================================================================================================================
Total..............................       5,896        6,165        7,056        7,872        8,417        8,865        9,845       10,880       13,517
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 177]]


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Category                    TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980         1981         1982         1983         1984
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways.......................       1,605        5,884        5,940        7,119        8,952        8,832        7,730        8,759       10,372
    Urban mass transportation \2\ .         265        1,307        1,358        2,278        2,072        2,599        2,593        2,785        3,146
    Airports.......................          26          335          562          556          590          469          339          453          694
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation.........       1,896        7,526        7,860        9,953       11,614       11,900       10,662       11,997       14,212
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional
   development:
    Block grants...................         439        2,089        2,464        3,161        4,126        4,042        3,792        4,005        4,273
    Urban renewal..................         295          899          392          298          206          167          101           38           24
    Public works acceleration/local  ...........         577        3,057        1,741          416           83           40   ...........           1
     public works..................
    Other..........................         159          604          628          895        1,098        1,301        1,239          679          598
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional          894        4,169        6,542        6,095        5,846        5,593        5,170        4,722        4,896
       development.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and
   environment:
    Pollution control facilities...         920        3,530        3,187        3,756        4,343        3,881        3,756        2,983        2,619
    Other..........................          97          376          410          513          556          616          643          572          666
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and         1,016        3,906        3,597        4,269        4,899        4,498        4,399        3,555        3,285
       environment.................
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training,                     29           66           12           27           25           14           37           36           42
     employment, and social
     services......................
    Health.........................          64          330          212          132           10           32           11           55   ...........
    Housing assistance.............  ...........  ...........  ...........          11           18           24           28           23           19
    Other..........................          28           98           80           96          102          128          170           80          193
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense.......         121          494          305          265          155          198          246          194          254
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense............       3,927       16,095       18,304       20,582       22,514       22,189       20,477       20,468       22,647
                                    ====================================================================================================================
National defense \1\ ..............           9           69           24           57           56           33           31           45           46
                                    ====================================================================================================================
Total..............................       3,936       16,164       18,328       20,639       22,570       22,222       20,508       20,513       22,693
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 178]]


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Category                          1985         1986         1987         1988         1989         1990         1991         1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways....................................      12,685       13,939       12,478       13,714       13,240       13,961       14,197       15,038
    Urban mass transportation \2\ ..............       2,473        2,754        2,577        2,425        2,686        3,165        3,230        2,778
    Airports....................................         789          853          917          825        1,135        1,220        1,541        1,672
    Other.......................................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           *
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation......................      15,947       17,547       15,971       16,965       17,061       18,346       18,967       19,488
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional development:
    Block grants................................       4,314        3,787        3,322        3,266        2,948        2,818        2,976        3,090
    Urban renewal...............................          28           13   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
    Other.......................................         655          731          676          780          946          921          760          738
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional development..       4,997        4,531        3,998        4,046        3,894        3,739        3,736        3,828
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and environment:
    Pollution control facilities................       2,936        3,158        2,961        2,600        2,498        2,533        2,714        2,631
    Other.......................................         666          654          606          657          600          734          761          773
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and environment...       3,602        3,812        3,567        3,257        3,098        3,267        3,475        3,404
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training, employment, and social           59           51           42           55           77           58           25           48
     services...................................
    Housing assistance..........................          10           25           25          294          788        1,408        1,701        2,132
    Other.......................................         224          204          136          162          211          213          223          172
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense....................         293          280          203          511        1,077        1,679        1,949        2,352
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense.........................      24,838       26,170       23,740       24,779       25,130       27,031       28,127       29,073
                                                 =======================================================================================================
National defense \1\ ...........................          62           98          109          109          166          154          110          225
                                                 =======================================================================================================
Total...........................................      24,901       26,268       23,849       24,888       25,296       27,185       28,237       29,297
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 179]]


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Category                          1993         1994         1995         1996         1997         1998         1999         2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways....................................      16,177       18,419       19,200       19,644       20,498       20,036       22,722       24,909
    Urban mass transportation \2\ ..............       3,078        2,563        3,581        3,723        4,079        3,945        4,067        5,118
    Airports....................................       1,931        1,620        1,826        1,655        1,489        1,511        1,565        1,578
    Other.......................................           *            1            1            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation......................      21,187       22,603       24,608       25,023       26,066       25,492       28,354       31,605
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional development:
    Block grants................................       3,198        3,651        4,333        4,545        4,517        4,621        4,804        4,955
    Other.......................................         526          811          989        1,183        1,235        1,068        1,027        1,084
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional development..       3,724        4,462        5,322        5,728        5,752        5,689        5,831        6,039
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and environment:
    Pollution control facilities................       2,358        2,219        2,671        2,368        2,319        2,084        2,180        2,700
    Other.......................................         816          877          999          929          985          832          922          921
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and environment...       3,174        3,096        3,670        3,297        3,304        2,916        3,102        3,621
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training, employment, and social          -44           76           40          143           73           38           17           19
     services...................................
    Housing assistance..........................       2,929        4,855        5,762        6,007        6,015        6,388        6,368        7,160
    Other.......................................         140          167          170          141          275          577          266          211
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense....................       3,025        5,097        5,972        6,291        6,363        7,003        6,651        7,390
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense.........................      31,110       35,258       39,572       40,339       41,485       41,100       43,938       48,655
                                                 =======================================================================================================
National defense \1\ ...........................          60           15            7           16   ...........           5   ...........  ...........
                                                 =======================================================================================================
Total...........................................      31,170       35,274       39,579       40,355       41,485       41,105       43,938       48,655
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 180]]


                     Table 9.6--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS FOR MAJOR PUBLIC PHYSICAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT: 1941-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                    2007         2008
                    Category                          2001         2002         2003         2004         2005         2006       estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nondefense:
  Transportation:
    Highways....................................      27,206       30,115       30,379       30,188       31,433       33,975       34,914       37,621
    Urban mass transportation \2\ ..............       6,795        7,384        7,356        7,587        7,861        8,450       10,059       10,282
    Airports....................................       2,020        2,860        2,681        3,131        3,530        3,841        3,821        3,711
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total transportation......................      36,021       40,359       40,416       40,906       42,824       46,266       48,794       51,614
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Community and regional development:
    Block grants................................       4,939        5,429        5,569        5,388        4,985        5,012        7,828        7,999
    Other.......................................       1,330        1,287        1,401        1,414        1,428        1,312        1,332        1,247
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total community and regional development..       6,269        6,716        6,970        6,802        6,413        6,324        9,160        9,246
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Natural resources and environment:
    Pollution control facilities................       2,720        2,538        2,883        2,066        2,021        1,740        1,685        1,546
    Other.......................................         988          974        1,020        1,426        1,567        1,689        1,639        1,615
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total natural resources and environment...       3,708        3,512        3,903        3,492        3,588        3,429        3,324        3,161
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other nondefense:
    Education, training, employment, and social           24          233          613          441          118           73          145           37
     services...................................
    Housing assistance..........................       7,198        7,720        7,827        7,659        7,687        7,750        7,566        7,563
    Other.......................................         183          121          114          111          218          272          219          213
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total other nondefense....................       7,405        8,074        8,554        8,211        8,023        8,095        7,930        7,813
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, nondefense.........................      53,403       58,661       59,843       59,411       60,848       64,114       69,208       71,834
                                                 =======================================================================================================
Total...........................................      53,403       58,661       59,843       59,411       60,848       64,114       69,208       71,834
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.
\1\ National Guard shelters and civil defense.
\2\ Includes relatively small amounts for railroads.
Note: Grants for 1940 totaled $442 million, composed of $165 million for highways and $277 million for public works.