[Historical Tables]
[Section 9 - Federal Government Outlays for Major Physical Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training]
[Table 9.7 - Summary of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949-2008 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2000) Dollars)]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 181]]

 
    Table 9.7--SUMMARY OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: 1949-2008
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                                                                      In Millions of Dollars        In Billions of Constant (FY       As Percentages of Total          As Percentages of GDP
                                                                 --------------------------------          2000) Dollars                      Outlays            -------------------------------
                           Fiscal Year                                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  National  Nondefense    Total   National                        National                        National  Nondefense    Total
                                                                   Defense                         Defense  Nondefense    Total    Defense  Nondefense    Total    Defense
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1949............................................................       762        178        940       4.6        1.1        5.7       2.0        0.5        2.4       0.3        0.1        0.3
 
1950............................................................       772        282      1,054       4.7        1.7        6.4       1.8        0.7        2.5       0.3        0.1        0.4
1951............................................................       846        279      1,125       4.9        1.6        6.5       1.9        0.6        2.5       0.3        0.1        0.4
1952............................................................     1,204        291      1,495       6.7        1.6        8.3       1.8        0.4        2.2       0.3        0.1        0.4
1953............................................................     1,553        295      1,848       8.5        1.6       10.1       2.0        0.4        2.4       0.4        0.1        0.5
1954............................................................     1,551        297      1,848       8.4        1.6       10.0       2.2        0.4        2.6       0.4        0.1        0.5
 
1955............................................................     1,550        345      1,895       8.3        1.9       10.2       2.3        0.5        2.8       0.4        0.1        0.5
1956............................................................     1,898        428      2,326       9.9        2.2       12.2       2.7        0.6        3.3       0.4        0.1        0.5
1957............................................................     2,134        577      2,711      10.8        2.9       13.7       2.8        0.8        3.5       0.5        0.1        0.6
1958............................................................     2,459        729      3,188      12.0        3.6       15.6       3.0        0.9        3.9       0.5        0.2        0.7
1959............................................................     5,364      1,020      6,384      25.9        4.9       30.8       5.8        1.1        6.9       1.1        0.2        1.3
 
1960............................................................     5,937      1,385      7,322      28.3        6.6       34.9       6.4        1.5        7.9       1.1        0.3        1.4
1961............................................................     6,922      1,864      8,786      32.5        8.8       41.2       7.1        1.9        9.0       1.3        0.4        1.7
1962............................................................     7,090      2,747      9,837      32.9       12.8       45.7       6.6        2.6        9.2       1.2        0.5        1.7
1963............................................................     7,144      4,221     11,365      32.8       19.4       52.1       6.4        3.8       10.2       1.2        0.7        1.9
1964............................................................     7,865      5,931     13,796      35.6       26.9       62.5       6.6        5.0       11.6       1.2        0.9        2.2
 
1965............................................................     7,077      6,763     13,840      31.5       30.1       61.6       6.0        5.7       11.7       1.0        1.0        2.0
1966............................................................     7,097      7,821     14,918      31.0       34.1       65.1       5.3        5.8       11.1       0.9        1.0        2.0
1967............................................................     8,068      7,894     15,962      34.1       33.4       67.4       5.1        5.0       10.1       1.0        1.0        2.0
1968............................................................     8,544      7,628     16,172      34.9       31.1       66.0       4.8        4.3        9.1       1.0        0.9        1.9
1969............................................................     8,314      7,346     15,660      32.4       28.7       61.1       4.5        4.0        8.5       0.9        0.8        1.7
 
1970............................................................     8,021      7,132     15,153      29.7       26.4       56.1       4.1        3.6        7.7       0.8        0.7        1.5
1971............................................................     8,108      7,301     15,409      28.6       25.7       54.3       3.9        3.5        7.3       0.8        0.7        1.4
1972............................................................     8,837      7,466     16,303      29.7       25.1       54.9       3.8        3.2        7.1       0.7        0.6        1.4
1973............................................................     9,139      7,896     17,035      29.5       25.4       54.9       3.7        3.2        6.9       0.7        0.6        1.3
1974............................................................     9,406      8,028     17,434      28.3       24.1       52.4       3.5        3.0        6.5       0.7        0.6        1.2
 
1975............................................................     9,715      8,821     18,536      26.4       24.0       50.5       2.9        2.7        5.6       0.6        0.6        1.2
1976............................................................     9,819     10,169     19,988      24.9       25.8       50.8       2.6        2.7        5.4       0.6        0.6        1.2
TQ..............................................................     2,455      2,745      5,200       6.0        6.8       12.8       2.6        2.9        5.4       0.5        0.6        1.1
1977............................................................    10,874     10,569     21,443      25.7       25.0       50.7       2.7        2.6        5.2       0.6        0.5        1.1
1978............................................................    12,077     12,455     24,532      26.7       27.6       54.3       2.6        2.7        5.3       0.5        0.6        1.1
1979............................................................    12,129     14,196     26,325      24.8       29.1       53.9       2.4        2.8        5.2       0.5        0.6        1.1
 
1980............................................................    14,643     15,592     30,235      27.6       29.4       56.9       2.5        2.6        5.1       0.5        0.6        1.1
1981............................................................    16,937     17,231     34,168      29.1       29.6       58.6       2.5        2.5        5.0       0.6        0.6        1.1
1982............................................................    19,809     14,850     34,660      31.8       23.8       55.6       2.7        2.0        4.6       0.6        0.5        1.1
1983............................................................    22,298     13,602     35,900      34.3       20.9       55.2       2.8        1.7        4.4       0.6        0.4        1.0
1984............................................................    25,765     15,221     40,986      38.2       22.6       60.8       3.0        1.8        4.8       0.7        0.4        1.1
 
1985............................................................    30,360     16,856     47,216      43.6       24.2       67.8       3.2        1.8        5.0       0.7        0.4        1.1
1986............................................................    35,656     16,485     52,141      50.0       23.1       73.2       3.6        1.7        5.3       0.8        0.4        1.2
1987............................................................    37,097     16,159     53,256      50.7       22.1       72.8       3.7        1.6        5.3       0.8        0.3        1.1
1988............................................................    38,032     18,068     56,100      50.4       24.0       74.4       3.6        1.7        5.3       0.8        0.4        1.1
1989............................................................    40,366     20,394     60,760      51.5       26.0       77.6       3.5        1.8        5.3       0.7        0.4        1.1
 
1990............................................................    41,078     22,732     63,810      50.6       28.0       78.5       3.3        1.8        5.1       0.7        0.4        1.1
1991............................................................    37,887     24,296     62,183      44.9       28.8       73.8       2.9        1.8        4.7       0.6        0.4        1.0
1992............................................................    38,170     26,558     64,728      44.2       30.7       74.9       2.8        1.9        4.7       0.6        0.4        1.0
1993............................................................    40,396     27,982     68,378      45.7       31.7       77.4       2.9        2.0        4.9       0.6        0.4        1.0
1994............................................................    38,055     28,397     66,453      42.2       31.5       73.6       2.6        1.9        4.5       0.5        0.4        1.0
 
1995............................................................    37,699     30,733     68,432      40.9       33.3       74.2       2.5        2.0        4.5       0.5        0.4        0.9
1996............................................................    39,428     29,011     68,439      42.0       30.9       72.8       2.5        1.9        4.4       0.5        0.4        0.9
1997............................................................    40,177     30,896     71,073      42.0       32.3       74.4       2.5        1.9        4.4       0.5        0.4        0.9
1998............................................................    40,141     32,662     72,803      41.5       33.8       75.2       2.4        2.0        4.4       0.5        0.4        0.8
1999............................................................    40,276     33,860     74,136      41.1       34.5       75.6       2.4        2.0        4.4       0.4        0.4        0.8
 
2000............................................................    41,050     32,897     73,947      41.0       32.9       73.9       2.3        1.8        4.1       0.4        0.3        0.8
2001............................................................    44,147     35,942     80,089      43.1       35.1       78.2       2.4        1.9        4.3       0.4        0.4        0.8
2002............................................................    48,238     39,673     87,911      46.2       38.0       84.3       2.4        2.0        4.4       0.5        0.4        0.8
2003............................................................    57,328     44,112    101,440      53.9       41.4       95.3       2.7        2.0        4.7       0.5        0.4        0.9
2004............................................................    65,345     48,034    113,379      59.9       44.0      103.8       2.8        2.1        4.9       0.6        0.4        1.0
 
2005............................................................    70,646     49,200    119,846      62.8       43.7      106.5       2.9        2.0        4.8       0.6        0.4        1.0
2006............................................................    73,043     49,752    122,795      63.0       42.9      105.9       2.8        1.9        4.6       0.6        0.4        0.9
2007 estimate...................................................    75,481     52,660    128,141      63.5       44.3      107.8       2.7        1.9        4.6       0.5        0.4        0.9
2008 estimate...................................................    72,935     54,076    127,011      59.9       44.4      104.3       2.5        1.9        4.4       0.5        0.4        0.9
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