[Historical Tables]
[Section 9 - Federal Government Outlays for Major Physical Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training]
[Table 9.9 - Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Education and Training: 1962-2008]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 189]]

 
    Table 9.9--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING: 1962-2008
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Category                                    1962      1963      1964      1965      1966      1967      1968      1969
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Federal outlays:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................      100       110       122       154       206       272       291       349
  Higher education......................................................      313       411       367       396       648       972     1,005       883
  Training and employment...............................................       12        64        42       255       398       657       710       682
  Health................................................................      132       165       219       209       233       278       210       354
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation......................      159       101        77        58        54       305       478       701
  All other.............................................................       53        50        55        66        80       111       153       150
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct.......................................................      768       901       882     1,138     1,619     2,595     2,847     3,119
                                                                         ===============================================================================
 
Grants to State and local governments:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................      382       442       457       565     1,421     2,038     2,224     2,121
  Higher education......................................................       15        15        15        17        58       188       389       351
  Research and general education aids...................................        8         7         9        29        45        70       103        77
  Training and employment...............................................  ........  ........       80        23        22        34       260       317
  Social services.......................................................       65        73        88       106       234       480       605       692
  All other.............................................................       68        72        77        82        93       121       309       276
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, grants.......................................................      538       610       726       821     1,874     2,931     3,889     3,833
                                                                         ===============================================================================
Total conduct of education and training.................................    1,306     1,511     1,607     1,959     3,494     5,526     6,737     6,953
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Memorandum: Conduct of education and training
  As a percentage of total outlays......................................      1.2       1.4       1.4       1.7       2.6       3.5       3.8       3.8
  In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars.............................      7.8       8.7       8.9      10.5      18.8      29.1      34.4      33.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                            Table 9.9--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Category                                    1970      1971      1972      1973      1974      1975      1976       TQ
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Federal outlays:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................      383       419       464       420       332       404       388       132
  Higher education......................................................    1,043     1,125     1,231     1,345     1,380     2,096     2,770       736
  Training and employment...............................................      196       341       621       554       378       360       377        88
  Health................................................................      367       391       437       655       564       564       602       192
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation......................    1,015     1,659     1,960     2,801     3,249     4,593     5,531       784
  All other.............................................................      249       239       348       401       506       459       568       130
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct.......................................................    3,253     4,175     5,060     6,176     6,409     8,476    10,236     2,062
                                                                         ===============================================================================
 
Grants to State and local governments:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................    2,510     2,914     3,221     3,153     3,241     3,945     3,812       942
  Higher education......................................................      343       310       217       189        70        85        43         8
  Research and general education aids...................................      124        99       109       126       192       286       224        47
  Training and employment...............................................      757     1,013     1,156       987     1,137     1,985     2,355       856
  Social services.......................................................      767       846       859       949       971     1,244     1,269       376
  All other.............................................................      373       424       457       361       443       476       561       130
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, grants.......................................................    4,874     5,606     6,019     5,765     6,053     8,021     8,264     2,360
                                                                         ===============================================================================
Total conduct of education and training.................................    8,127     9,781    11,080    11,941    12,462    16,496    18,500     4,422
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Memorandum: Conduct of education and training
  As a percentage of total outlays......................................      4.2       4.7       4.8       4.9       4.6       5.0       5.0       4.6
  In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars.............................     36.7      41.0      43.9      45.1      43.6      52.5      53.8      12.5
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[[Page 190]]


                            Table 9.9--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Category                                    1977      1978      1979      1980      1981      1982      1983      1984
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Federal outlays:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................      438       407       416       403       395       490       561       564
  Higher education......................................................    3,117     3,648     4,898     6,576     8,638     7,003     7,070     7,233
  Training and employment...............................................      439       601       807       930       977       861       740       706
  Health................................................................      519       648       443       644       681       644       459       370
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation......................    3,713     3,396     2,789     2,418     2,367     2,083     1,827     1,556
  All other.............................................................      662       719     1,005     1,090     1,011       802       868     1,153
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct.......................................................    8,888     9,419    10,359    12,060    14,068    11,884    11,524    11,582
                                                                         ===============================================================================
 
Grants to State and local governments:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................    4,200     4,779     5,542     6,277     6,617     6,214     5,663     5,869
  Higher education......................................................       83        62        84        98        89        60        54        70
  Research and general education aids...................................      283       347       484       491       282       309       314       255
  Training and employment...............................................    2,444     3,256     3,643     4,295     4,391     3,225     3,188     2,556
  Social services.......................................................    1,302     1,379     1,707     1,848     1,834     1,655     1,777     2,258
  All other.............................................................      661       534       469       525       588       548       507       514
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, grants.......................................................    8,973    10,356    11,929    13,535    13,801    12,010    11,503    11,521
                                                                         ===============================================================================
Total conduct of education and training.................................   17,862    19,775    22,288    25,596    27,869    23,893    23,028    23,103
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Memorandum: Conduct of education and training
  As a percentage of total outlays......................................      4.4       4.3       4.4       4.3       4.1       3.2       2.8       2.7
  In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars.............................     48.0      50.2      52.3      54.4      53.4      42.7      39.4      37.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                            Table 9.9--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Category                                    1985      1986      1987      1988      1989      1990      1991      1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Federal outlays:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................      521       356       634       502       581       521       857       706
  Higher education......................................................    8,056     8,261     7,238     8,129    10,474    10,996    11,862    11,156
  Training and employment...............................................      688       689       726       793       793       848       879       912
  Health................................................................      438       489       533       527       591       532       608       748
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation......................    1,390     1,176     1,113     1,055     1,018       786       803       995
  All other.............................................................      980     1,021     1,084     1,127     1,254     1,442     1,571     2,287
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct.......................................................   12,071    11,993    11,327    12,134    14,712    15,124    16,579    16,803
                                                                         ===============================================================================
 
Grants to State and local governments:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................    7,031     7,408     7,204     7,813     8,499     9,281    10,444    11,627
  Higher education......................................................       82        83        91        89        89        98        79        96
  Research and general education aids...................................      260       296       366       360       386       396       478       292
  Training and employment...............................................    2,775     3,019     2,930     2,958     3,020     3,300     3,530     3,982
  Social services.......................................................    1,779     2,292     2,321     3,029     2,875     2,891     3,045     3,878
  All other.............................................................      543       510       431       422       453       474       487       501
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, grants.......................................................   12,470    13,607    13,343    14,671    15,322    16,440    18,063    20,376
                                                                         ===============================================================================
Total conduct of education and training.................................   24,541    25,599    24,671    26,805    30,034    31,564    34,642    37,179
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Memorandum: Conduct of education and training
  As a percentage of total outlays......................................      2.6       2.6       2.5       2.5       2.6       2.5       2.6       2.7
  In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars.............................     38.8      39.3      36.4      38.3      41.7      42.4      44.4      46.0
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[[Page 191]]


                            Table 9.9--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Category                                    1993      1994      1995      1996      1997      1998      1999      2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Federal outlays:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................      760       806       958       809       813       821       846     1,172
  Higher education......................................................   14,339     7,753    14,034    12,064    12,215    11,970    10,598     9,918
  Training and employment...............................................    1,024     1,085     1,126     1,013     1,000     1,106     1,178     1,274
  Health................................................................      775       759       766       760       880       808       877       948
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation......................    1,091     1,358     1,374     1,373     1,477     1,502     1,643     1,694
  All other.............................................................    2,393     2,488     2,857     2,845     2,636     2,754     2,763     2,956
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct.......................................................   20,382    14,249    21,115    18,864    19,021    18,961    17,905    17,962
                                                                         ===============================================================================
 
Grants to State and local governments:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................   12,763    13,314    13,677    13,930    14,212    15,721    16,684    19,352
  Higher education......................................................      119       111       117       108        75        90        65       193
  Research and general education aids...................................      315       289       268       288       277       378       389       546
  Training and employment...............................................    3,982     4,149     4,573     4,162     3,769     3,463     3,712     3,484
  Social services.......................................................    3,862     4,936     5,584     5,702     6,185     6,354     7,027     7,359
  All other.............................................................      502       527       496       505       509       498     1,313     1,745
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, grants.......................................................   21,543    23,327    24,715    24,695    25,027    26,504    29,190    32,679
                                                                         ===============================================================================
Total conduct of education and training.................................   41,925    37,576    45,830    43,559    44,048    45,465    47,095    50,641
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Memorandum: Conduct of education and training
  As a percentage of total outlays......................................      3.0       2.6       3.0       2.8       2.8       2.8       2.8       2.8
  In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars.............................     49.8      43.5      51.3      47.4      47.1      48.0      48.7      50.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                            Table 9.9--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING: 1962-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                        2007      2008
                                Category                                    2001      2002      2003      2004      2005      2006    estimate  estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Federal outlays:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................    1,667     2,142     1,858     1,691     1,706     1,656     1,634     1,343
  Higher education......................................................   16,842    17,960    23,875    25,201    31,482    50,716    23,441    17,841
  Training and employment...............................................    1,338     1,507     1,514     1,552     1,652       469       549       534
  Health................................................................    1,143     1,368     1,500     1,858     1,465     1,334     1,311     1,222
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation......................    2,221     2,396     2,295     2,707     2,970     2,980     3,321     3,316
  All other.............................................................    3,303     3,466     3,443     3,771     3,889     3,852     4,247     4,220
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct.......................................................   26,514    28,839    34,485    36,780    43,164    61,007    34,503    28,476
                                                                         ===============================================================================
 
Grants to State and local governments:
  Elementary, secondary, and vocational education.......................   21,326    23,459    29,004    32,194    36,393    37,984    38,258    35,467
  Higher education......................................................      360       444       487       499       522       540       582       510
  Research and general education aids...................................      670       702       782       714       753       727       813       710
  Training and employment...............................................    3,791     4,706     4,603     4,064     3,378     4,801     4,749     4,543
  Social services.......................................................    7,960     9,183     9,607     9,746     9,861    10,015    10,255     9,873
  All other.............................................................    2,033     2,019     1,856     1,801     2,008     2,105     2,632     2,475
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, grants.......................................................   36,140    40,513    46,339    49,018    52,915    56,172    57,289    53,578
                                                                         ===============================================================================
Total conduct of education and training.................................   62,654    69,352    80,824    85,798    96,079   117,179    91,792    82,054
                                                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Memorandum: Conduct of education and training
  As a percentage of total outlays......................................      3.4       3.4       3.7       3.7       3.9       4.4       3.3       2.8
  In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars.............................     61.0      65.8      74.2      75.8      80.6      94.4      71.5      61.7
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