[Historical Tables]
[Section 11 - Federal Government Payments for Individuals]
[Table 11.3 - Outlays for Payments for Individuals by Category and Major Program: 1940-2012]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 205]]

 
    Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1940                             1941                             1942
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...         16         16  .........         64         64  .........        110        110  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        113        113  .........        121        121  .........        126        126  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...        129        129  .........        186        186  .........        237        237  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................         60         60  .........         65         65  .........         70         70  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................         68         68  .........         74         74  .........         78         78  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............        244        244  .........        247        247  .........        246        246  .........
  Other..............................................         17         17  .........         16         16  .........         16         16  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance        389        389  .........        402        402  .........        410        410  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................        498        498  .........        451        451  .........        377        377  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................          6          6  .........          6          6  .........          6          6  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............         69         68          1         73         72          1         81         79          1
  Health resources and services......................         21          3         18         24          3         20         25          4         22
  Other..............................................          1          1  .........          1          1  .........          1          1  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................         97         78         18        104         82         21        113         90         23
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................  .........  .........  .........          5  .........          5         10  .........         10
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........        279  .........        279        330  .........        330        376  .........        376
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............        185        185  .........        186        186  .........        185        185  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....        464        185        279        516        186        330        561        185        376
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............         80         80  .........         67         67  .........         50         50  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........         80         80  .........         67         67  .........         50         50  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................      1,657      1,360        298      1,730      1,374        356      1,758      1,348        410
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 206]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1943                             1944                             1945
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...        149        149  .........        185        185  .........        240        240  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        130        130  .........        134        134  .........        141        141  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...        280        280  .........        319        319  .........        381        381  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................         75         75  .........         80         80  .........         85         85  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................         85         85  .........        105        105  .........        154        154  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............        251        251  .........        365        365  .........        497        497  .........
  Other..............................................         16         16  .........         17         17  .........         18         18  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance        428        428  .........        567        567  .........        754        754  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................        176        176  .........         61         61  .........         71         71  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................          6          6  .........          6          6  .........          5          5  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............         87         85          1         97         96          1        131        129          1
  Health resources and services......................         27          7         20         30         10         20         33         12         20
  Other..............................................          2          2  .........          2          2  .........          2          2  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................        121        100         21        136        114         22        171        149         22
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................         10  .........         10         10  .........         10          9  .........          9
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........        395  .........        395        430  .........        430        401  .........        401
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............        191        191  .........        130        130  .........        235        235  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....        586        191        395        560        130        430        636        235        401
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............         46         46  .........         70         70  .........        193        193  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........         46         46  .........         70         70  .........        193        193  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................      1,647      1,220        427      1,721      1,260        461      2,215      1,784        432
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 207]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1946                             1947                             1948
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...        321        321  .........        426        426  .........        512        512  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        152        152  .........        173        173  .........        222        222  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...        472        472  .........        599        599  .........        734        734  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................         93         93  .........        122        122  .........        136        136  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................        287        287  .........        296        296  .........        243        243  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............        942        942  .........      1,400      1,400  .........      1,434      1,434  .........
  Other..............................................         17         17  .........         25         25  .........         26         26  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      1,340      1,340  .........      1,844      1,844  .........      1,839      1,839  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      1,145      1,145  .........        869        869  .........        858        858  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................          6          6  .........          6          6  .........          7          7  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............        253        252          1        516        515          2        559        557          2
  Health resources and services......................         34         12         22         47         14         33         44         15         29
  Other..............................................          3          3  .........          2          2  .........          2          2  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................        296        274         23        571        536         35        612        581         31
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,342      1,342  .........      3,566      3,566  .........      3,174      3,174  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      1,342      1,342  .........      3,566      3,566  .........      3,174      3,174  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................          7  .........          7          6  .........          6          3  .........          3
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........  .........  .........  .........         76  .........         76         68  .........         68
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............  .........  .........  .........         76  .........         76         68  .........         68
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........        421  .........        421        644  .........        644        732  .........        732
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............        275        275  .........        332        332  .........        386        386  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....        696        275        421        976        332        644      1,118        386        732
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        374        374  .........        546        546  .........        637        637  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        374        374  .........        546        546  .........        637        637  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................      5,673      5,222        451      9,052      8,292        761      9,043      8,208        835
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 208]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1949                             1950                             1951
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...        607        607  .........        727        727  .........      1,498      1,498  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        278        278  .........        300        300  .........        317        317  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...        885        885  .........      1,027      1,027  .........      1,815      1,815  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................        162        162  .........        195        195  .........        324        324  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................        220        220  .........        267        267  .........        269        269  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      1,467      1,467  .........      1,533      1,533  .........      1,516      1,516  .........
  Other..............................................         27         27  .........         38         38  .........         44         44  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      1,877      1,877  .........      2,032      2,032  .........      2,153      2,153  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      1,327      1,327  .........      2,013      2,013  .........        898        898  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................         11         11  .........         12         12  .........         15         15  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............        620        617          3        764        761          3        744        741          4
  Health resources and services......................         55         24         31         64         27         36         73         31         42
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........          3  .........          3          3  .........          3          3  .........          3
  Other..............................................          2          2  .........          5          5  .........          4          4  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................        690        653         37        848        805         43        838        790         48
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      3,207      3,207  .........      2,739      2,739  .........      1,953      1,953  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      3,207      3,207  .........      2,739      2,739  .........      1,953      1,953  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................          3  .........          3          7  .........          7          7  .........          7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........         75  .........         75         83  .........         83         83  .........         83
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............         75  .........         75         83  .........         83         83  .........         83
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........        921  .........        921      1,123  .........      1,123      1,186  .........      1,186
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............        424        424  .........        476        476  .........        520        520  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      1,345        424        921      1,599        476      1,123      1,706        520      1,186
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        656        656  .........      3,315      3,315  .........        826        826  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        656        656  .........      3,315      3,315  .........        826        826  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     10,065      9,029      1,036     13,664     12,407      1,257     10,279      8,955      1,324
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 209]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1952                             1953                             1954
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...      1,982      1,982  .........      2,627      2,627  .........      3,275      3,275  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        385        385  .........        459        459  .........        496        496  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...      2,367      2,367  .........      3,087      3,087  .........      3,771      3,771  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................        329        329  .........        358        358  .........        386        386  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................        299        299  .........        361        361  .........        409        409  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      1,545      1,545  .........      1,713      1,713  .........      1,731      1,731  .........
  Other..............................................         52         52  .........         61         61  .........         63         63  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      2,225      2,225  .........      2,493      2,493  .........      2,589      2,589  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      1,057      1,057  .........      1,034      1,034  .........      1,836      1,836  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................         16         16  .........         20         20  .........         21         21  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............        783        779          4        755        752          4        675        672          4
  Health resources and services......................         78         34         44         82         37         44         77         37         40
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........          3  .........          3          3  .........          3          2  .........          2
  Other..............................................          3          3  .........          3          3  .........          6          6  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................        883        832         51        863        812         51        781        736         46
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,326      1,326  .........        668        668  .........        546        546  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      1,326      1,326  .........        668        668  .........        546        546  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................         12  .........         12         26  .........         26         44  .........         44
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........         84  .........         84         83  .........         83         84  .........         84
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............         84  .........         84         83  .........         83         84  .........         84
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      1,178  .........      1,178      1,330  .........      1,330      1,438  .........      1,438
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............        558        558  .........        660        660  .........        716        716  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      1,735        558      1,178      1,990        660      1,330      2,153        716      1,438
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,163      1,163  .........        707        707  .........        805        805  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      1,163      1,163  .........        707        707  .........        805        805  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     10,853      9,528      1,325     10,950      9,460      1,490     12,610     10,999      1,611
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 210]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1955                             1956                             1957
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...      4,333      4,333  .........      5,361      5,361  .........      6,515      6,515  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        579        579  .........        604        604  .........        675        675  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...      4,912      4,912  .........      5,965      5,965  .........      7,190      7,190  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................        419        419  .........        477        477  .........        511        511  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................        428        428  .........        504        504  .........        588        588  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      1,828      1,828  .........      1,864      1,864  .........      1,876      1,876  .........
  Other..............................................         71         71  .........         77         77  .........         84         84  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      2,746      2,746  .........      2,922      2,922  .........      3,059      3,059  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      2,099      2,099  .........      1,498      1,498  .........      1,729      1,729  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................         25         25  .........         32         32  .........         39         39  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............        706        700          5        768        762          6        780        774          6
  Health resources and services......................         75         36         39         84         38         47         94         43         51
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........          2  .........          2          3  .........          3          4  .........          4
  Other..............................................          4          4  .........          4          4  .........          5          5  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................        811        765         46        891        836         55        922        861         61
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................        678        678  .........        781        781  .........        787        787  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................        678        678  .........        781        781  .........        787        787  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................         67  .........         67         82  .........         82         91          4         87
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........         83  .........         83         82  .........         82         98  .........         98
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............         83  .........         83         82  .........         82         98  .........         98
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      1,427  .........      1,427      1,455  .........      1,455      1,556  .........      1,556
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............        800        800  .........        883        883  .........        950        950  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      2,227        800      1,427      2,338        883      1,455      2,507        950      1,556
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        674        674  .........        651        651  .........        645        645  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        674        674  .........        651        651  .........        645        645  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     14,297     12,674      1,623     15,208     13,534      1,674     17,027     15,226      1,802
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 211]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1958                             1959                             1960
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...      7,875      7,875  .........      9,171      9,171  .........     10,867     10,867  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............        168        168  .........        339        339  .........        528        528  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        721        721  .........        644        644  .........        343        343  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...      8,764      8,764  .........     10,153     10,153  .........     11,738     11,738  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................        562        562  .........        641        641  .........        694        694  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................        696        696  .........        783        783  .........        893        893  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      2,024      2,024  .........      2,071      2,071  .........      2,049      2,049  .........
  Other..............................................         90         90  .........        103        103  .........         95         95  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      3,372      3,372  .........      3,597      3,597  .........      3,730      3,730  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      3,288      3,288  .........      3,206      3,206  .........      2,782      2,782  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Indian health......................................         41         41  .........         47         47  .........         55         55  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............        832        826          6        894        887          6        931        925          6
  Health resources and services......................        108         52         56        118         60         58        109         58         51
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........          6  .........          6          6  .........          6          5          *          5
  Other..............................................          8          8  .........          5          5  .........          4          4  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................        993        926         67      1,069        999         70      1,104      1,043         62
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................        711        711  .........        585        585  .........        392        392  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................        711        711  .........        585        585  .........        392        392  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................         99          4         95        117          6        111        140         13        127
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........        165  .........        165        216  .........        216        232          *        232
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............        165  .........        165        216  .........        216        232          *        232
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      1,795  .........      1,795      1,966  .........      1,966      2,059          *      2,059
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      1,036      1,036  .........      1,153      1,153  .........      1,263      1,263  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      2,831      1,036      1,795      3,119      1,153      1,966      3,322      1,263      2,059
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        708        708  .........        693        693  .........        720        720  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        708        708  .........        693        693  .........        720        720  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     20,931     18,810      2,121     22,757     20,393      2,364     24,162     21,682      2,480
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 212]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1961                             1962                             1963
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     11,494     11,494  .........     13,027     13,027  .........     14,268     14,268  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............        709        709  .........      1,022      1,022  .........      1,190      1,190  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        645        645  .........        652        652  .........        622        622  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     12,848     12,848  .........     14,702     14,702  .........     16,080     16,080  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................        786        786  .........        894        894  .........      1,015      1,015  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................        951        951  .........      1,060      1,060  .........      1,178      1,178  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      2,034      2,034  .........      2,019      2,019  .........      2,118      2,118  .........
  Other..............................................         99         99  .........        103        103  .........        110        110  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      3,871      3,871  .........      4,076      4,076  .........      4,420      4,420  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      4,426      4,426  .........      3,475      3,475  .........      3,212      3,212  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicaid...........................................         23  .........         23        103  .........        103        157  .........        157
  Indian health......................................         58         58  .........         62         62  .........         62         62  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............        996        988          8      1,043      1,035          7      1,102      1,094          7
  Health resources and services......................        118         62         56        128         53         75        139         55         84
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........          8         -*          8         11          2         10         11          4          7
  Other..............................................          5          5  .........          8          8  .........          7          7  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................      1,208      1,114         95      1,354      1,159        195      1,479      1,223        256
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................        246        246  .........        151        151  .........         95         95  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................        246        246  .........        151        151  .........         95         95  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................        155         15        140        167         13        154        182         11        170
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........  .........  .........  .........         14  .........         14         20          1         19
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........        239          *        239        261          3        258        263          1        262
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............        239          *        239        275          3        272        284          2        281
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      2,144          *      2,144      2,329  .........      2,329      2,572  .........      2,572
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      1,532      1,532  .........      1,635      1,635  .........      1,698      1,698  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      3,676      1,532      2,144      3,964      1,635      2,329      4,271      1,698      2,572
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        857        857  .........        768        768  .........        877        877  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................  .........  .........  .........          6          6  .........         58         58  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        857        857  .........        774        774  .........        935        935  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     27,525     24,907      2,618     28,938     25,987      2,951     30,958     27,677      3,280
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 213]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1964                             1965                             1966
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     14,981     14,981  .........     15,665     15,665  .........     18,516     18,516  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............      1,269      1,269  .........      1,416      1,416  .........      1,748      1,748  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        671        671  .........        657        657  .........        725        725  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     16,920     16,920  .........     17,738     17,738  .........     20,989     20,989  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................      1,209      1,209  .........      1,384      1,384  .........      1,591      1,591  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................      1,320      1,320  .........      1,440      1,440  .........      1,687      1,687  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      2,159      2,159  .........      2,177      2,177  .........      2,222      2,222  .........
  Other..............................................        108        108  .........        106        106  .........        107        107  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      4,796      4,796  .........      5,107      5,107  .........      5,608      5,608  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      3,012      3,012  .........      2,537      2,537  .........      2,068      2,068  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicaid...........................................        210  .........        210        272  .........        272        770  .........        770
  Indian health......................................         66         66  .........         71         71  .........         75         75  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      1,182      1,174          8      1,218      1,210          8      1,266      1,257          9
  Health resources and services......................        178         68        110        205         68        137        276        102        174
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........         13          3         10          9         -2         11         15          3         12
  Other..............................................          9          9  .........         10         10  .........         11         11  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................      1,657      1,321        337      1,786      1,358        428      2,413      1,449        965
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................         70         70  .........         52         52  .........         48         48  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and      .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         45         45  .........
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................         70         70  .........         52         52  .........         94         94  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................        193         11        183        219         11        208        239         13        226
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........         30          1         29         34          3         32         69          4         65
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........        278          2        276        265          2        263        294          2        291
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............        308          3        305        299          5        295        363          6        357
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      2,734  .........      2,734      2,787  .........      2,787      2,758  .........      2,758
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      1,743      1,743  .........      1,864      1,864  .........      1,910      1,910  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      4,477      1,743      2,734      4,651      1,864      2,787      4,668      1,910      2,758
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        735        735  .........        676        676  .........        599        599  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................         47         47  .........         38         38  .........         35         35  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        783        783  .........        713        713  .........        634        634  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     32,217     28,658      3,559     33,103     29,385      3,718     37,076     32,771      4,305
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 214]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1967                             1968                             1969
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     19,395     19,395  .........     21,175     21,175  .........     24,225     24,225  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............      1,898      1,898  .........      2,124      2,124  .........      2,480      2,480  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........        719        719  .........        930        930  .........      1,020      1,020  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     22,011     22,011  .........     24,229     24,229  .........     27,725     27,725  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................      1,830      1,830  .........      2,095      2,095  .........      2,444      2,444  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................      1,962      1,962  .........      2,136      2,136  .........      2,403      2,403  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      2,311      2,311  .........      2,469      2,469  .........      2,663      2,663  .........
  Other..............................................        121        121  .........        134        134  .........        149        149  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      6,225      6,225  .........      6,834      6,834  .........      7,659      7,659  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      2,042      2,042  .........      2,270      2,270  .........      2,297      2,297  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................      2,508      2,508  .........      3,736      3,736  .........      4,654      4,654  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........        664        664  .........      1,390      1,390  .........      1,645      1,645  .........
  Medicaid...........................................      1,173  .........      1,173      1,806          *      1,806      2,285  .........      2,285
  Indian health......................................         83         83  .........         94         94  .........        107        107  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      1,332      1,324          9      1,410      1,399         11      1,498      1,484         14
  Health resources and services......................        381        134        246        350         58        293        488        109        379
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........         23         12         11         39         18         21         52         22         30
  Other..............................................         10         10  .........         11         11  .........         12         12  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................      6,174      4,735      1,439      8,836      6,706      2,130     10,740      8,032      2,708
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................        300        300  .........        470        470  .........        691        691  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and            226        226  .........        460        460  .........        570        570  .........
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................        526        526  .........        930        930  .........      1,261      1,261  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................        257          7        251        281         -3        284        342         -5        346
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........        114          8        106        185         14        171        248         13        234
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........        304          2        302        321          3        318        339          3        336
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............        418         10        408        505         16        489        587         16        570
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      2,720  .........      2,720      3,166  .........      3,166      3,618  .........      3,618
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      1,893      1,893  .........      2,048      2,048  .........      2,149      2,149  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      4,613      1,893      2,720      5,215      2,048      3,166      5,767      2,149      3,618
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        897        897  .........        691        691  .........        775        775  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................         46         46  .........         60         60  .........         73         73  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        943        943  .........        751        751  .........        848        848  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     43,211     38,392      4,819     49,849     43,779      6,070     57,225     49,983      7,243
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 215]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1970                             1971                             1972
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     26,846     26,846  .........     31,716     31,716  .........     35,266     35,266  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............      2,805      2,805  .........      3,416      3,416  .........      4,098      4,098  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      1,002      1,002  .........      1,272      1,272  .........      1,371      1,371  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     30,654     30,654  .........     36,404     36,404  .........     40,735     40,735  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................      2,849      2,849  .........      3,386      3,386  .........      3,885      3,885  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................      2,746      2,746  .........      3,228      3,228  .........      3,772      3,772  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      2,980      2,980  .........      3,360      3,360  .........      3,496      3,496  .........
  Other..............................................        172        172  .........        203        203  .........        221        221  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance      8,747      8,747  .........     10,177     10,177  .........     11,374     11,374  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      3,083      3,083  .........      5,760      5,760  .........      6,652      6,652  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................      4,804      4,804  .........      5,443      5,443  .........      6,109      6,109  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........      1,979      1,979  .........      2,035      2,035  .........      2,255      2,255  .........
  Medicaid...........................................      2,727  .........      2,727      3,362  .........      3,362      4,601  .........      4,601
  Indian health......................................        120        120  .........        143        143  .........        170        170  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      1,723      1,706         17      1,954      1,935         18      2,336      2,317         18
  Health resources and services......................        545        166        380        568        204        364        686        173        513
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        110         30         80        151         35        116        232         45        187
  Other..............................................         17         17  .........         25         25  .........         24         24  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................     12,026      8,822      3,204     13,681      9,820      3,861     16,413     11,093      5,320
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,002      1,002  .........      1,644      1,644  .........      1,942      1,942  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and            503        503  .........        904        904  .........      1,067      1,067  .........
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      1,505      1,505  .........      2,548      2,548  .........      3,009      3,009  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................        480         38        442        737        175        562      1,121        371        751
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........        577         18        559      1,568      1,548         20      1,909      1,882         27
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........        383          4        379        611          8        603        716          8        707
  Commodity donations and other......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        593         13        580
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............        960         22        938      2,179      1,556        623      3,218      1,904      1,314
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      4,142  .........      4,142      5,486  .........      5,486      6,559  .........      6,559
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      2,255      2,255  .........      2,330      2,330  .........      2,531      2,531  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      6,397      2,255      4,142      7,816      2,330      5,486      9,089      2,531      6,559
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................         10         10  .........        319        318          1        418        418          *
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        848        848  .........        820        820  .........        887        887  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................         95         95  .........        121        121  .........        140        140  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        954        954  .........      1,261      1,260          1      1,444      1,444          *
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................     64,806     56,079      8,727     80,564     70,030     10,533     93,055     79,112     13,943
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 216]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1973                             1974                             1975
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     42,956     42,956  .........     48,760     48,760  .........     55,828     55,828  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............      5,221      5,221  .........      6,230      6,230  .........      7,729      7,729  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      1,622      1,622  .........      1,723      1,723  .........      3,720      3,720  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     49,799     49,799  .........     56,712     56,712  .........     67,277     67,277  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................      4,390      4,390  .........      5,128      5,128  .........      6,242      6,242  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................      4,515      4,515  .........      5,661      5,661  .........      7,048      7,048  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      3,843      3,843  .........      3,990      3,990  .........      4,697      4,697  .........
  Other..............................................        240        240  .........        263        263  .........        385        385  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     12,987     12,987  .........     15,041     15,041  .........     18,372     18,372  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................      4,893      4,893  .........      5,594      5,594  .........     12,806     12,806  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................      6,649      6,649  .........      7,807      7,807  .........     10,355     10,355  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........      2,391      2,391  .........      2,874      2,874  .........      3,765      3,765  .........
  Medicaid...........................................      4,600  .........      4,600      5,818  .........      5,818      6,840  .........      6,840
  Indian health......................................        198        198  .........        216        216  .........        283        283  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      2,611      2,591         20      2,896      2,871         25      3,527      3,502         26
  Health resources and services......................        676        156        520        685        154        530        785        218        567
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        395         76        319        358         56        302        639         49        590
  Other..............................................         37         37  .........         40         40  .........         45         45  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................     17,557     12,098      5,459     20,694     14,019      6,675     26,241     18,217      8,024
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      2,781      2,781  .........      3,233      3,233  .........      4,560      4,560  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and          1,199      1,199  .........      1,054      1,054  .........      1,604      1,582         22
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      3,979      3,979  .........      4,287      4,287  .........      6,164      6,142         22
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................      1,614        559      1,055      1,794        673      1,122      2,093        761      1,333
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........      2,208      2,177         31      2,845      2,797         48      4,599      4,463        136
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........        693          8        685        802          8        793      1,575         10      1,565
  Commodity donations and other......................        740         12        728        787         44        743        469         18        451
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............      3,641      2,197      1,444      4,433      2,850      1,583      6,643      4,491      2,152
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............  .........  .........  .........      1,954      1,907         47      4,320      4,209        110
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      5,922  .........      5,922      5,423  .........      5,423      5,121  .........      5,121
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      2,565      2,565  .........      2,530      2,530  .........      2,739      2,739  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....      8,487      2,565      5,922      9,907      4,437      5,470     12,180      6,948      5,231
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................        952        952  .........      1,000      1,000          *        968        968  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        680        680  .........        819        819  .........        978        978  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        151        151  .........        125        125  .........        113        113  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      1,783      1,783  .........      1,944      1,944          *      2,059      2,059  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    104,739     90,860     13,879    120,407    105,557     14,851    153,836    137,074     16,762
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 217]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1976                              TQ                              1977
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     63,361     63,361  .........     16,876     16,876  .........     72,486     72,486  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............      9,341      9,341  .........      2,582      2,582  .........     11,212     11,212  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      2,226      2,226  .........        912        912  .........      2,560      2,560  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     74,929     74,929  .........     20,371     20,371  .........     86,258     86,258  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................      7,296      7,296  .........      1,947      1,947  .........      8,216      8,216  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................      8,267      8,267  .........      2,261      2,261  .........      9,531      9,531  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      5,173      5,173  .........      1,325      1,325  .........      5,735      5,735  .........
  Other..............................................        463        463  .........        129        129  .........        553        553  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     21,199     21,199  .........      5,662      5,662  .........     24,035     24,035  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     18,560     18,560  .........      3,304      3,304  .........     14,318     14,318  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     12,270     12,270  .........      3,315      3,315  .........     14,912     14,912  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........      4,672      4,672  .........      1,269      1,269  .........      5,867      5,867  .........
  Medicaid...........................................      8,568  .........      8,568      2,229  .........      2,229      9,876  .........      9,876
  Indian health......................................        332        332  .........         91         91  .........        395        395  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      3,892      3,861         31        999        991          8      4,532      4,485         48
  Health resources and services......................      1,120        214        905        191         50        142      1,029        289        740
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        604         69        535        172         16        156        516         45        471
  Other..............................................         60         60  .........         16         16  .........         67         67  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................     31,519     21,479     10,040      8,281      5,748      2,534     37,195     26,061     11,134
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      5,493      5,493  .........        776        776  .........      3,672      3,672  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and          2,394      2,359         35        595        590          6      2,719      2,657         62
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      7,887      7,852         35      1,372      1,366          6      6,391      6,329         62
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................      2,466        873      1,594        648        236        413      2,964      1,139      1,825
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........      5,632      5,365        267      1,325      1,260         65      5,399      5,128        271
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      1,890         12      1,878        393          3        390      2,792         17      2,775
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......        143          1        141         41          1         41        245          3        242
  Commodity donations and other......................        294         10        284         64          2         62         91          5         86
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............      7,959      5,389      2,570      1,824      1,266        558      8,527      5,153      3,375
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............      4,573      4,507         67      1,165      1,159          5      4,772      4,732         39
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      5,753  .........      5,753      1,570  .........      1,570      6,165  .........      6,165
  Low income home energy assistance..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        110  .........        110
  Earned income tax credit...........................        808        808  .........         86         86  .........        901        901  .........
  Legal services.....................................         85         85  .........         52         52  .........        125        125  .........
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      2,859      2,859  .........        719        719  .........      3,113      3,113  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     14,078      8,259      5,819      3,591      2,016      1,575     15,186      8,872      6,314
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................        998        998  .........        240        240  .........        956        956  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        869        869  .........        196        196  .........        933        933  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        171        171  .........         45         45  .........        213        213  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      2,038      2,038  .........        482        482  .........      2,102      2,102  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    180,634    160,576     20,058     45,534     40,449      5,085    196,978    174,268     22,710
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 218]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1978                             1979                             1980
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...     80,119     80,119  .........     89,052     89,052  .........    102,067    102,067  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     12,328     12,328  .........     13,542     13,542  .........     14,998     14,998  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      2,332      2,332  .........      2,767      2,767  .........      3,268      3,268  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...     94,779     94,779  .........    105,361    105,361  .........    120,333    120,333  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................      9,171      9,171  .........     10,279     10,279  .........     11,920     11,920  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     10,867     10,867  .........     12,369     12,369  .........     14,662     14,662  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      6,173      6,173  .........      6,756      6,756  .........      7,446      7,446  .........
  Other..............................................        483        483  .........        538        538  .........        661        661  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     26,694     26,694  .........     29,942     29,942  .........     34,689     34,689  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     10,886     10,886  .........      9,837      9,837  .........     16,889     16,889  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     17,419     17,419  .........     19,900     19,900  .........     23,802     23,802  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........      6,856      6,856  .........      8,260      8,260  .........     10,152     10,152  .........
  Medicaid...........................................     10,680  .........     10,680     12,407  .........     12,407     13,957  .........     13,957
  Indian health......................................        467        467  .........        555        555  .........        637        637  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      5,059      5,019         41      5,410      5,361         49      6,290      6,241         49
  Health resources and services......................      1,079        261        818      1,183        270        913      1,311        395        916
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        642         37        605        632         38        594        730         51        679
  Other..............................................         74         74  .........         83         83  .........        106        106  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................     42,277     30,133     12,143     48,431     34,467     13,963     56,985     41,384     15,601
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      3,334      3,334  .........      2,790      2,790  .........      2,418      2,418  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and          3,059      3,004         56      3,767      3,706         62      5,089      5,011         78
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      6,393      6,338         56      6,557      6,495         62      7,507      7,428         78
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................      3,631      1,208      2,423      4,230      1,447      2,784      5,418      1,965      3,453
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........      5,499      5,200        299      6,822      6,498        324      9,117      8,705        412
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      2,665        139      2,526      3,014        152      2,862      3,536        148      3,388
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......        371  .........        371        542  .........        542        717          1        716
  Commodity donations and other......................        325          4        321        338          4        334        562          5        557
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............      8,859      5,343      3,516     10,716      6,654      4,061     13,932      8,858      5,074
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............      5,280      5,241         39      4,865      4,824         41      5,716      5,677         39
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      6,393         23      6,369      6,358         27      6,331      6,924         36      6,888
  Low income home energy assistance..................        193  .........        193        186  .........        186      1,577        398      1,180
  Earned income tax credit...........................        881        881  .........        773        773  .........      1,275      1,275  .........
  Legal services.....................................        157        157  .........        254        254  .........        320        320  .........
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,239      3,239  .........      3,522      3,522  .........      3,585      3,585  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     16,143      9,542      6,601     15,957      9,399      6,558     19,398     11,291      8,107
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,005      1,005  .........      1,604      1,604  .........      1,788      1,788  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............        909        909  .........      1,033      1,033  .........      1,188      1,188  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        185        129         56        170         37        132        402         64        338
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      2,099      2,044         56      2,806      2,674        132      3,378      3,040        338
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    211,761    186,967     24,795    233,837    206,276     27,561    278,530    245,879     32,652
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 219]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1981                             1982                             1983
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    121,003    121,003  .........    136,454    136,454  .........    150,893    150,893  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     16,879     16,879  .........     17,463     17,463  .........     17,620     17,620  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      3,643      3,643  .........      3,856      3,856  .........      3,771      3,771  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    141,524    141,524  .........    157,773    157,773  .........    172,284    172,284  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     13,729     13,729  .........     14,938     14,938  .........     15,945     15,945  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     17,597     17,597  .........     19,405     19,405  .........     20,717     20,717  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      8,438      8,438  .........      9,289      9,289  .........      9,857      9,857  .........
  Other..............................................        735        735  .........        816        816  .........        759        759  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     40,499     40,499  .........     44,448     44,448  .........     47,277     47,277  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     18,406     18,406  .........     22,314     22,314  .........     29,815     29,815  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     28,916     28,916  .........     34,354     34,354  .........     38,005     38,005  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     12,351     12,351  .........     14,813     14,813  .........     17,493     17,493  .........
  Medicaid...........................................     16,833  .........     16,833     17,391  .........     17,391     18,985  .........     18,985
  Indian health......................................        679        679  .........        654        654  .........        692        692  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      6,732      6,683         50      7,296      7,238         57      8,044      7,987         57
  Health resources and services......................      1,298        330        968      1,546        955        591      1,174        745        429
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        712         48        664        656  .........        656        506  .........        506
  Other..............................................        124        124  .........         69         69  .........         90         90  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................     67,647     49,132     18,516     76,778     58,083     18,695     84,991     65,013     19,978
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      2,367      2,367  .........      2,083      2,083  .........      1,827      1,827  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and          6,166      6,087         78      5,758      5,701         57      6,601      6,550         51
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      8,533      8,454         78      7,840      7,784         57      8,428      8,377         51
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................      6,775      2,716      4,059      7,960      3,038      4,922      9,366      3,648      5,718
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     11,253     10,764        489     11,014     10,262        752     12,653     11,210      1,444
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      3,543        183      3,359      3,043        167      2,875      3,293        178      3,115
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......        930          2        928        930          1        928      1,126          3      1,123
  Commodity donations and other......................        394          5        389        506          6        500        797          5        791
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     16,119     10,954      5,165     15,493     10,436      5,056     17,869     11,396      6,473
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............      6,467      6,422         45      6,864      6,844         20      7,894      7,881         13
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      7,736         42      7,694      7,530         42      7,488      7,875         31      7,844
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,780        126      1,653      1,687          2      1,685      1,993          3      1,991
  Earned income tax credit...........................      1,318      1,318  .........      1,201      1,201  .........      1,213      1,213  .........
  Legal services.....................................        324        324  .........        259        259  .........        234        234  .........
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,755      3,755  .........      3,879      3,879  .........      3,894      3,894  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....        557          1        557        418         16        402        410          2        408
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     21,938     11,988      9,949     21,839     12,244      9,595     23,513     13,257     10,256
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,770      1,770  .........      1,706      1,706  .........      1,737      1,737  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,243      1,243  .........      1,130      1,130  .........      1,073      1,073  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        761        120        641      1,061        183        878        581         76        504
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      3,775      3,134        641      3,896      3,018        878      3,390      2,886        504
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    325,216    286,808     38,408    358,342    319,139     39,202    396,933    353,953     42,980
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 220]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1984                             1985                             1986
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    158,256    158,256  .........    167,732    167,732  .........    176,949    176,949  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     17,797     17,797  .........     18,700     18,700  .........     19,598     19,598  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      3,672      3,672  .........      3,863      3,863  .........      3,699      3,699  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    179,724    179,724  .........    190,295    190,295  .........    200,246    200,246  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     16,471     16,471  .........     15,801     15,801  .........     17,621     17,621  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     21,813     21,813  .........     23,012     23,012  .........     23,942     23,942  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............      9,973      9,973  .........     10,243     10,243  .........     10,442     10,442  .........
  Other..............................................        825        825  .........        790        790  .........        942        942  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     49,082     49,082  .........     49,846     49,846  .........     52,945     52,945  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     16,911     16,911  .........     16,186     16,186  .........     16,427     16,427  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     41,476     41,476  .........     47,841     47,841  .........     49,018     49,018  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     19,475     19,475  .........     21,808     21,808  .........     25,166     25,166  .........
  Medicaid...........................................     20,061  .........     20,061     22,655  .........     22,655     24,995  .........     24,995
  Indian health......................................        790        790  .........        872        872  .........        870        870  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............      8,604      8,545         59      9,264      9,180         84      9,634      9,553         81
  Health resources and services......................      1,203        178      1,025      1,224        186      1,037      1,249        171      1,078
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        501  .........        501        501  .........        501        494  .........        494
  Other..............................................        107        107  .........         55         55  .........         61         61  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................     92,217     70,571     21,646    104,219     79,942     24,277    111,488     84,839     26,649
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,538      1,538  .........      1,321      1,321  .........      1,142      1,142  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and          7,036      6,966         70      7,800      7,724         76      8,036      7,954         82
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      8,574      8,505         70      9,121      9,045         76      9,177      9,095         82
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................      9,932      4,163      5,769     11,200      4,783      6,417     12,279      4,836      7,443
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     12,375     10,829      1,547     12,526     10,815      1,710     12,443     10,651      1,792
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      3,552        192      3,361      3,681        201      3,480      3,835        157      3,678
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      1,367          2      1,365      1,495          *      1,495      1,578          *      1,577
  Commodity donations and other......................        677          9        668        756          9        747        668          9        660
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     17,972     11,032      6,941     18,457     11,025      7,431     18,524     10,817      7,707
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............      7,633      7,625          8      8,654      8,654  .........      9,323      9,323  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........      8,346         34      8,311      8,625         33      8,592      9,877  .........      9,877
  Low income home energy assistance..................      2,026          2      2,024      2,141          2      2,139      2,046  .........      2,046
  Earned income tax credit...........................      1,193      1,193  .........      1,100      1,100  .........      1,415      1,415  .........
  Legal services.....................................        271        271  .........        300        300  .........        305        305  .........
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,874      3,874  .........      3,842      3,842  .........      3,874      3,874  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....        659         10        648        749         11        738        808         14        794
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     24,001     13,010     10,991     25,411     13,942     11,469     27,648     14,931     12,717
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,687      1,687  .........      1,663      1,663  .........      1,612      1,612  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,102      1,102  .........      1,134      1,134  .........      1,204      1,204  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        663         78        585        519         99        420        518         96        422
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      3,453      2,867        585      3,316      2,896        420      3,334      2,912        422
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    401,868    355,866     46,001    428,051    377,961     50,090    452,069    397,049     55,020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 221]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1987                             1988                             1989
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    184,612    184,612  .........    195,331    195,331  .........    207,493    207,493  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     20,492     20,492  .........     21,477     21,477  .........     22,644     22,644  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      3,904      3,904  .........      3,872      3,872  .........      4,097      4,097  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    209,009    209,009  .........    220,679    220,679  .........    234,234    234,234  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     18,080     18,080  .........     19,011     19,011  .........     20,184     20,184  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     25,713     25,713  .........     28,047     28,047  .........     29,134     29,134  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     10,516     10,516  .........     11,268     11,268  .........     11,669     11,669  .........
  Other..............................................        907        907  .........        970        970  .........      1,132      1,132  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     55,216     55,216  .........     59,296     59,296  .........     62,119     62,119  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     15,760     15,760  .........     13,857     13,857  .........     14,125     14,125  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     49,976     49,976  .........     52,022     52,022  .........     57,433     57,433  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     29,937     29,937  .........     33,682     33,682  .........     36,867     36,867  .........
  Medicaid...........................................     27,435  .........     27,435     30,462  .........     30,462     34,604  .........     34,604
  Indian health......................................        866        866  .........        951        951  .........      1,050      1,050  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     10,061      9,967         94     10,714     10,608        106     11,242     11,117        125
  Health resources and services......................      1,235        107      1,128      1,308        229      1,079      1,230        145      1,085
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........        622  .........        622        720  .........        720        666  .........        666
  Other..............................................         34         34  .........         42         42  .........         22         22  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    120,165     90,886     29,279    129,900     97,534     32,366    143,114    106,634     36,480
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,075      1,075  .........      1,042      1,042  .........      1,014      1,014  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and          7,469      7,402         66      8,139      8,070         68      9,906      9,838         68
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................      8,544      8,477         66      9,180      9,112         68     10,920     10,852         68
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     12,626      5,226      7,400     13,841      5,190      8,651     14,661      6,108      8,553
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     12,407     10,448      1,959     13,145     11,152      1,993     13,725     11,650      2,075
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      4,060        138      3,922      4,305        146      4,158      4,574        119      4,455
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      1,670          *      1,669      1,804          3      1,801      1,942          2      1,940
  Commodity donations and other......................        725         10        716        745          9        736        861          9        852
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     18,863     10,596      8,267     19,998     11,310      8,688     21,102     11,780      9,323
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............      9,933      9,933  .........     11,370     11,370  .........     11,503     11,503  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     10,540  .........     10,540     10,764  .........     10,764     11,166  .........     11,166
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,829  .........      1,829      1,585  .........      1,585      1,393  .........      1,393
  Earned income tax credit...........................      1,410      1,410  .........      2,698      2,698  .........      4,002      4,002  .........
  Legal services.....................................        309        309  .........        306        306  .........        307        307  .........
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,793      3,793  .........      3,935      3,935  .........      4,024      4,024  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....        802         19        783      1,004         16        988      1,344          6      1,338
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     28,616     15,464     13,152     31,663     18,325     13,337     33,739     19,842     13,897
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,598      1,598  .........      1,558      1,558  .........      1,520      1,520  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,205      1,205  .........      1,275      1,275  .........      1,350      1,350  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        478        104        374        413        101        312        490        120        370
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      3,281      2,907        374      3,247      2,935        312      3,360      2,989        370
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    472,079    413,541     58,538    501,661    438,238     63,422    537,374    468,683     68,691
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 222]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1990                             1991                             1992
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    221,926    221,926  .........    239,495    239,495  .........    254,466    254,466  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     24,423     24,423  .........     26,987     26,987  .........     30,452     30,452  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      4,138      4,138  .........      4,032      4,032  .........      4,424      4,424  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    250,488    250,488  .........    270,514    270,514  .........    289,342    289,342  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     21,545     21,545  .........     23,093     23,093  .........     24,491     24,491  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     31,036     31,036  .........     33,188     33,188  .........     33,545     33,545  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     10,735     10,735  .........     12,153     12,153  .........     12,658     12,658  .........
  Other..............................................        804        804  .........      1,229      1,229  .........      1,235      1,235  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     64,120     64,120  .........     69,663     69,663  .........     71,928     71,928  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     17,445     17,445  .........     25,451     25,451  .........     37,701     37,701  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     65,912     65,912  .........     68,705     68,705  .........     80,784     80,784  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     41,498     41,498  .........     45,514     45,514  .........     48,627     48,627  .........
  Medicaid...........................................     41,103  .........     41,103     52,533  .........     52,533     67,827  .........     67,827
  Indian health......................................      1,117      1,117  .........      1,310      1,310  .........      1,558      1,558  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     12,021     11,890        131     12,499     12,361        138     13,826     13,671        155
  Health resources and services......................      1,371        230      1,141      1,467        355      1,112      1,832        473      1,359
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      1,241  .........      1,241      1,744  .........      1,744      1,778  .........      1,778
  Other..............................................         19         19  .........         12         12  .........        419        419  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    164,282    120,667     43,616    183,785    128,258     55,527    216,650    145,532     71,118
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................        795        795  .........        814        814  .........      1,005      1,005  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         10,442     10,369         73     11,272     11,211         60     10,500     10,427         73
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     11,238     11,164         73     12,086     12,026         60     11,505     11,432         73
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     15,915      6,362      9,552     17,198      6,732     10,466     18,899      6,613     12,286
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     15,923     13,793      2,130     19,649     17,278      2,371     22,800     20,193      2,607
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      4,996        125      4,871      5,557        139      5,418      6,146        154      5,993
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      2,121          3      2,119      2,280          5      2,275      2,545          3      2,542
  Commodity donations and other......................        831         11        820        902         13        888      1,030         13      1,017
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     23,872     13,932      9,939     28,388     17,435     10,953     32,521     20,363     12,158
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     11,493     11,493  .........     14,668     14,668  .........     17,239     17,239  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     12,246  .........     12,246     13,520  .........     13,520     15,103  .........     15,103
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,314  .........      1,314      1,742  .........      1,742      1,142          *      1,142
  Earned income tax credit...........................      4,354      4,354  .........      4,885      4,885  .........      7,345      7,345  .........
  Legal services.....................................        291        291  .........        344        344  .........        329        329  .........
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,594      3,594  .........      3,917      3,917  .........      3,666      3,666  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      1,579  .........      1,579      2,120  .........      2,120      2,505  .........      2,505
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     34,872     19,733     15,139     41,196     23,814     17,382     47,330     28,580     18,751
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,482      1,482  .........      1,462      1,462  .........      1,453      1,453  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,400      1,400  .........      1,395      1,395  .........      1,460      1,460  .........
  Payments to Japanese American WWII internees.......  .........  .........  .........        499        499  .........        500        500  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        570        179        391        412        184        228        577        273        304
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      3,452      3,061        391      3,769      3,540        228      3,990      3,686        304
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    585,683    506,972     78,711    652,050    557,433     94,617    729,866    615,175    114,691
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 223]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993                             1994                             1995
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    267,934    267,934  .........    279,710    279,710  .........    292,669    292,669  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     33,709     33,709  .........     36,966     36,966  .........     40,316     40,316  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      4,370      4,370  .........      4,468      4,468  .........      3,974      3,974  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    306,013    306,013  .........    321,144    321,144  .........    336,959    336,959  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     25,708     25,708  .........     26,717     26,717  .........     27,797     27,797  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     34,792     34,792  .........     36,254     36,254  .........     38,319     38,319  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     13,399     13,399  .........     15,117     15,117  .........     14,842     14,842  .........
  Other..............................................      1,316      1,316  .........      1,284      1,284  .........      1,287      1,287  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     75,214     75,214  .........     79,373     79,373  .........     82,245     82,245  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     36,208     36,208  .........     27,145     27,145  .........     21,919     21,919  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................     90,738     90,738  .........    101,535    101,535  .........    113,583    113,583  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     52,409     52,409  .........     58,006     58,006  .........     63,491     63,491  .........
  Medicaid...........................................     75,774  .........     75,774     82,034  .........     82,034     89,070  .........     89,070
  Indian health......................................      1,742      1,742  .........      1,822      1,822  .........      2,012      2,012  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     14,554     14,370        185     15,429     15,231        197     16,196     15,946        250
  Health resources and services......................      1,994        555      1,438      2,258        793      1,465      2,213        778      1,435
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      1,994  .........      1,994      2,132  .........      2,132      2,444  .........      2,444
  Other..............................................        814        814  .........      1,061      1,061  .........        336        336  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    240,019    160,628     79,391    264,276    178,449     85,827    289,345    196,146     93,199
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,102      1,102  .........      1,369      1,369  .........      1,386      1,386  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         13,463     13,373         89      7,231      7,150         81     13,385     13,303         82
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     14,564     14,475         89      8,601      8,520         81     14,771     14,689         82
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     20,905      6,994     13,911     22,497      7,482     15,015     25,568      8,379     17,189
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     24,602     21,991      2,611     25,441     22,752      2,688     25,554     22,814      2,740
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      6,612         23      6,589      7,044        106      6,938      7,499        112      7,387
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      2,846          4      2,842      3,160          5      3,155      3,404          3      3,401
  Commodity donations and other......................        979        125        854      1,002         86        916      1,029         16      1,013
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     35,040     22,143     12,897     36,646     22,949     13,697     37,486     22,945     14,541
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     20,343     20,343  .........     23,700     23,700  .........     23,583     23,583  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     15,628  .........     15,628     16,508  .........     16,508     17,133  .........     17,133
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,068          *      1,067      2,126          *      2,125      1,419  .........      1,419
  Earned income tax credit...........................      8,781      8,781  .........     10,950     10,950  .........     15,244     15,244  .........
  Legal services.....................................        389        389  .........        375        375  .........        429        429  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance..........        411  .........        411        786  .........        786        933  .........        933
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,529      3,529  .........      3,427      3,427  .........      3,024      3,024  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      2,636  .........      2,636      3,030  .........      3,030      3,243         -1      3,244
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     52,784     33,042     19,743     60,902     38,453     22,450     65,008     42,279     22,729
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,412      1,412  .........      1,371      1,371  .........      1,284      1,284  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,247      1,247  .........      1,349      1,349  .........      1,374      1,374  .........
  Payments to Japanese American WWII internees.......        500        500  .........         87         87  .........         10         10  .........
  Aging services programs............................        567  .........        567        859  .........        859        952          1        951
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        606        280        327        650        318        333        609        263        346
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      4,332      3,439        894      4,317      3,125      1,192      4,229      2,932      1,297
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    785,081    658,156    126,925    824,901    686,639    138,262    877,530    728,493    149,037
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.


[[Page 224]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1996                             1997                             1998
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    303,539    303,539  .........    316,568    316,568  .........    327,936    327,936  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     43,281     43,281  .........     45,490     45,490  .........     47,894     47,894  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      4,598      4,598  .........      4,458      4,458  .........      4,440      4,440  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    351,418    351,418  .........    366,516    366,516  .........    380,270    380,270  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     28,831     28,831  .........     30,188     30,188  .........     31,142     31,142  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     39,670     39,670  .........     41,604     41,604  .........     42,943     42,943  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     14,247     14,247  .........     16,242     16,242  .........     17,151     17,151  .........
  Other..............................................      1,338      1,338  .........      1,491      1,491  .........      1,507      1,507  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     84,086     84,086  .........     89,525     89,525  .........     92,743     92,743  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     22,958     22,958  .........     21,145     21,145  .........     20,094     20,094  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................    124,089    124,089  .........    136,175    136,175  .........    135,486    135,486  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     67,176     67,176  .........     71,133     71,133  .........     74,841     74,841  .........
  State children's health insurance..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5  .........          5
  Medicaid...........................................     91,990  .........     91,990     95,552  .........     95,552    101,234  .........    101,234
  Indian health......................................      2,031      2,031  .........      2,174      2,174  .........      2,151      2,151  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     16,401     16,137        264     16,869     16,598        271     17,472     17,187        285
  Health resources and services......................      3,537        775      2,762      3,023      1,943      1,080      3,042      1,451      1,591
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      2,084          1      2,083      1,622  .........      1,622      2,234         -2      2,236
  Other..............................................        351        351  .........        370        370  .........        373        373  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    307,659    210,560     97,099    326,918    228,393     98,525    336,838    231,487    105,351
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,386      1,386  .........      1,489      1,489  .........      1,457      1,457  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         11,407     11,328         79     11,481     11,438         43     11,341     11,290         51
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     12,793     12,714         79     12,970     12,927         43     12,798     12,747         51
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     24,571      9,257     15,314     23,772      9,276     14,496     24,776      8,391     16,385
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     25,422     22,392      3,030     22,857     19,735      3,122     20,141     16,468      3,673
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      7,875        118      7,757      8,265        124      8,141      8,564        128      8,436
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      3,678          2      3,676      3,866          3      3,863      3,902          1      3,901
  Commodity donations and other......................        851         15        836        968         15        953        876         15        861
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     37,826     22,527     15,299     35,956     19,877     16,079     33,483     16,612     16,871
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     22,938     22,938  .........     25,367     25,367  .........     26,111     26,111  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     16,670  .........     16,670     15,069         -2     15,071     15,455  .........     15,455
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,067  .........      1,067      1,221  .........      1,221      1,132  .........      1,132
  Earned income tax credit...........................     19,159     19,159  .........     21,856     21,856  .........     23,239     23,239  .........
  Legal services.....................................        282        282  .........        282        282  .........        284        284  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance..........        933  .........        933      2,307  .........      2,307      3,122          2      3,120
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      2,834      2,834  .........      3,055      3,055  .........      3,059      3,059  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      3,691  .........      3,691      4,047  .........      4,047      4,451  .........      4,451
  Other public assistance............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2  .........          2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     67,574     45,213     22,361     73,204     50,558     22,646     76,855     52,695     24,160
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,212      1,212  .........      1,154      1,154  .........      1,090      1,090  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,369      1,369  .........      1,355      1,355  .........      1,339      1,339  .........
  Payments to Japanese American WWII internees.......          6          6  .........          7          7  .........         35         35  .........
  Aging services programs............................        818  .........        818        828  .........        828        830  .........        830
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        562        243        319        530        253        277        561        267        294
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      3,967      2,830      1,137      3,874      2,769      1,105      3,855      2,731      1,124
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................    912,852    761,563    151,289    953,880    800,986    152,894    981,712    817,770    163,942
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 225]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1999                             2000                             2001
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    336,064    336,064  .........    351,432    351,432  .........    370,950    370,950  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     50,622     50,622  .........     54,435     54,435  .........     58,231     58,231  .........
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      4,429      4,429  .........      4,600      4,600  .........      5,125      5,125  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    391,115    391,115  .........    410,467    410,467  .........    434,306    434,306  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     31,889     31,889  .........     32,808     32,808  .........     34,096     34,096  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     43,828     43,828  .........     45,072     45,072  .........     47,244     47,244  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     17,994     17,994  .........     20,775     20,775  .........     18,579     18,579  .........
  Other..............................................      1,601      1,601  .........      1,673      1,673  .........      1,940      1,940  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance     95,312     95,312  .........    100,328    100,328  .........    101,859    101,859  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     21,736     21,736  .........     21,139     21,139  .........     28,341     28,341  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................    129,462    129,462  .........    127,933    127,933  .........    139,356    139,356  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........     79,008     79,008  .........     87,212     87,212  .........     97,526     97,526  .........
  State children's health insurance..................        565  .........        565      1,220  .........      1,220      3,699  .........      3,699
  Medicaid...........................................    108,042  .........    108,042    117,921  .........    117,921    129,374        -60    129,434
  Indian health......................................      2,201      2,201  .........      2,379      2,379  .........      2,561      2,561  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     18,027     17,714        313     19,343     18,921        422     20,966     20,578        388
  Health resources and services......................      3,481      2,033      1,448      3,884      1,856      2,028      4,065      2,245      1,820
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      2,215          1      2,214      2,499        568      1,931      2,737        643      2,094
  Other..............................................        230        230  .........        264        264  .........        332        332  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    343,231    230,649    112,582    362,655    239,133    123,522    400,616    263,181    137,435
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,592      1,592  .........      1,636      1,636  .........      1,783      1,783  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         10,013      9,990         23      9,243      9,202         41      8,335      8,275         60
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     11,605     11,582         23     10,879     10,838         41     10,118     10,058         60
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     22,853      4,053     18,800     24,093      8,070     16,023     25,130      8,096     17,034
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     19,005     15,643      3,362     18,295     14,787      3,508     19,096     15,432      3,664
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........      8,878        138      8,740      9,203        143      9,060      9,560        144      9,416
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      3,942  .........      3,942      3,950  .........      3,950      4,077         -8      4,085
  Commodity donations and other......................      1,212         16      1,196        921         19        902      1,203         17      1,186
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     33,037     15,797     17,240     32,369     14,949     17,420     33,936     15,585     18,351
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     26,698     26,698  .........     29,511     29,511  .........     25,875     25,875  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     16,917  .........     16,917     18,370  .........     18,370     21,864       -425     22,289
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,176  .........      1,176      1,495  .........      1,495      2,161  .........      2,161
  Earned income tax credit...........................     25,632     25,632  .........     26,099     26,099  .........     26,123     26,123  .........
  Legal services.....................................        298        298  .........        303        303  .........        319        319  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance..........      3,286          3      3,283      3,307          5      3,302      3,717         12      3,705
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,076      3,076  .........      2,969      2,969  .........      2,760      2,760  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      4,707  .........      4,707      5,453  .........      5,453      5,711          1      5,710
  Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability...        445        445  .........        809        809  .........        982        982  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....     82,235     56,152     26,083     88,316     59,696     28,620     89,512     55,647     33,865
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................      1,039      1,039  .........        988        988  .........        931        931  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,321      1,321  .........      1,363      1,363  .........      1,347      1,347  .........
  Payments to Japanese American WWII internees.......          6          6  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  DC employee retirement.............................     -3,258     -3,258  .........        411        411  .........        430        430  .........
  Aging services programs............................        879  .........        879        885          1        884        952          4        948
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        565        329        236        610        330        280        954        609        345
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........        552       -563      1,115      4,257      3,093      1,164      4,614      3,321      1,293
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................  1,001,676    825,833    175,843  1,054,503    867,713    186,790  1,128,432    920,394    208,038
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 226]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     2002                             2003                             2004
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    387,463    387,463  .........    400,179    400,179  .........    414,788    414,788  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     64,423     64,422          1     70,014     70,012          2     76,482     76,479          3
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      5,070      5,070  .........      6,561      6,561  .........      5,173      5,173  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    456,956    456,955          1    476,754    476,752          2    496,443    496,440          3
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     35,060     35,060  .........     35,568     35,568  .........     36,995     36,995  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     48,838     48,838  .........     50,248     50,248  .........     52,122     52,122  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     22,418     22,418  .........     24,696     24,696  .........     26,297     26,297  .........
  Other..............................................      1,894      1,894  .........      1,771      1,771  .........      2,016      2,016  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance    108,210    108,210  .........    112,283    112,283  .........    117,430    117,430  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     51,207     51,207  .........     55,049     55,049  .........     43,128     43,128  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................    145,566    145,566  .........    151,250    151,250  .........    164,078    164,078  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........    107,108    107,108  .........    121,810    121,810  .........    131,842    131,842  .........
  State children's health insurance..................      3,682  .........      3,682      4,355  .........      4,355      4,607  .........      4,607
  Medicaid...........................................    147,512       -138    147,650    160,693       -112    160,805    176,231  .........    176,231
  Indian health......................................      2,817      2,817  .........      2,945      2,945  .........      3,063      3,063  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     22,384     22,024        360     24,487     24,084        403     21,590     21,151        439
  Health resources and services......................      5,012      2,659      2,353      5,323      2,810      2,513      5,482      2,667      2,815
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      2,885        692      2,193      3,038        867      2,171      3,112        871      2,241
  Health care tax credit.............................  .........  .........  .........          3          3  .........         82         82  .........
  Uniformed Services retiree health care fund........  .........  .........  .........      4,315      4,315  .........      5,202      5,202  .........
  Other..............................................        214        214  .........        246        246  .........        142        142  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    437,180    280,942    156,238    478,465    308,218    170,247    515,431    329,098    186,333
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      1,681      1,681  .........      2,049      2,049  .........      2,408      2,408  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         15,197     15,118         79     20,715     20,633         82     23,332     23,250         82
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     16,878     16,799         79     22,764     22,682         82     25,740     25,658         82
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     27,616      8,458     19,158     29,707      8,417     21,290     30,778      8,617     22,161
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     22,069     18,120      3,949     25,325     21,163      4,162     28,621     24,417      4,204
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........     10,254        154     10,100     10,826        162     10,664     11,206        171     11,035
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      4,330  .........      4,330      4,547         -1      4,548      4,858         -2      4,860
  Commodity donations and other......................      1,370         -2      1,372      1,693         25      1,668      1,195         24      1,171
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     38,023     18,272     19,751     42,391     21,349     21,042     45,880     24,610     21,270
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     29,378     29,378  .........     30,445     30,445  .........     31,228     31,228  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     22,747  .........     22,747     23,140  .........     23,140     21,540  .........     21,540
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,773  .........      1,773      2,030  .........      2,030      1,891  .........      1,891
  Earned income tax credit...........................     27,826     27,826  .........     31,961     31,961  .........     33,134     33,134  .........
  Legal services.....................................        333        333  .........        337        337  .........        335        335  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance..........      4,539         14      4,525      5,203         14      5,189      4,833          7      4,826
  Veterans non-service connected pensions............      3,166      3,166  .........      3,229      3,229  .........      3,334      3,334  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      5,885  .........      5,885      6,124  .........      6,124      6,340  .........      6,340
  Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability...      5,060      5,060  .........      6,435      6,435  .........      8,857      8,857  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....    100,707     65,777     34,930    108,904     72,421     36,483    111,492     76,895     34,597
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................        888        888  .........        841        841  .........        782        782  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,320      1,320  .........      1,331      1,331  .........      1,392      1,392  .........
  DC employee retirement.............................        459        459  .........        481        481  .........        487        487  .........
  Aging services programs............................      1,105  .........      1,105      1,309  .........      1,309      1,342         22      1,320
  Energy employees compensation fund.................        347        347  .........        321        321  .........        274        274  .........
  September 11th victim compensation.................         20         20  .........        709        709  .........      6,309      6,309  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................      1,156        794        362        850        498        352        876        451        425
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      5,295      3,828      1,467      5,842      4,181      1,661     11,462      9,717      1,745
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................  1,242,072  1,010,448    231,624  1,332,159  1,081,352    250,807  1,397,784  1,131,593    266,191
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 227]]


      Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                            (in millions of dollars)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              2005                             2006
                    Program                    -----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors          433,956    433,956  .........    457,726    457,726  .........
   insurance..................................
  Social security: disability insurance.......     84,152     84,150          2     91,150     91,141          9
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security).      5,276      5,276  .........      5,633      5,633  .........
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad           523,384    523,382          2    554,509    554,500          9
     retirement...............................
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement.........................     38,965     38,965  .........     41,145     41,145  .........
  Civil service retirement....................     54,657     54,657  .........     57,816     57,816  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation.....     30,877     30,877  .........     34,538     34,538  .........
  Other.......................................      2,230      2,230  .........      2,158      2,158  .........
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and       126,729    126,729  .........    135,657    135,657  .........
     insurance................................
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance.......................     33,085     33,085  .........     31,876     31,876  .........
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance................    182,842    182,842  .........    183,914    183,914  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance...    150,982    150,982  .........    191,705    191,705  .........
  State children's health insurance...........      5,129  .........      5,129      5,451  .........      5,451
  Medicaid....................................    181,720  .........    181,720    180,625  .........    180,625
  Indian health...............................      3,117      3,117  .........      3,253      3,253  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans......     23,073     22,542        531     24,445     23,857        588
  Health resources and services...............      5,884      2,657      3,227      6,087      2,747      3,340
  Substance abuse and mental health services..      3,203  .........      3,203      3,183  .........      3,183
  Health care tax credit......................         90         90  .........         94         94  .........
  Uniformed Services retiree health care fund.      6,273      6,273  .........      7,067      7,067  .........
  Other.......................................        192        192  .........        171        171  .........
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care.......................    562,505    368,695    193,810    605,995    412,808    193,187
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits.................      3,224      3,224  .........      3,325      3,325  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education      28,865     28,779         86     48,364     48,263        101
   and other..................................
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students.............     32,089     32,003         86     51,689     51,588        101
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance............................     31,830      6,517     25,313     32,106      9,144     22,962
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico)..     32,614     28,229      4,385     34,620     30,012      4,608
  Child nutrition and special milk programs...     11,899        173     11,726     12,437        174     12,263
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP)      4,985  .........      4,985      5,056  .........      5,056
  Commodity donations and other...............      1,195         24      1,171      1,674         45      1,629
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance......     50,693     28,426     22,267     53,787     30,231     23,556
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program........     35,285     35,285  .........     34,330     34,330  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF..     21,340          1     21,339     20,898  .........     20,898
  Low income home energy assistance...........      2,095  .........      2,095      2,637  .........      2,637
  Earned income tax credit....................     34,559     34,559  .........     36,166     36,166  .........
  Legal services..............................        331        331  .........        327        327  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance...      4,901          7      4,894      5,252          7      5,245
  Veterans non-service connected pensions.....      3,663      3,663  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption          6,427  .........      6,427      6,352         -1      6,353
   Assist.....................................
  Payment where child credit exceeds tax           14,624     14,624  .........     15,473     15,473  .........
   liability..................................
  Other public assistance.....................         43  .........         43         77  .........         77
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related          123,268     88,470     34,798    121,512     86,302     35,210
     programs.................................
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits.........        737        737  .........        682        682  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits......      1,369      1,369  .........      1,350      1,350  .........
  DC employee retirement......................      2,178      2,178  .........        503        503  .........
  Aging services programs.....................      1,401         22      1,379      1,379         21      1,358
  Energy employees compensation fund..........        615        615  .........        863        863  .........
  September 11th victim compensation..........         12         12  .........          1          1  .........
  Refugee assistance and other................        821        402        419        776        351        425
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals.      7,133      5,335      1,798      5,554      3,771      1,783
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals...............  1,490,716  1,212,642    278,074  1,592,685  1,315,877    276,808
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 228]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                2007 estimate                    2008 estimate                    2009 estimate
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    482,197    482,197  .........    503,014    503,014  .........    528,888    528,888  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............     99,009     98,959         50    103,966    103,909         57    110,097    110,037         60
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      6,017      6,017  .........      6,276      6,276  .........      6,619      6,619  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    587,223    587,173         50    613,256    613,199         57    645,604    645,544         60
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     43,673     43,673  .........     45,681     45,681  .........     47,625     47,625  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     61,408     61,408  .........     64,090     64,090  .........     66,492     66,492  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     35,649     35,649  .........     40,867     40,867  .........     43,683     43,683  .........
  Other..............................................      2,374      2,374  .........      2,448      2,448  .........      2,597      2,597  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance    143,104    143,104  .........    153,086    153,086  .........    160,397    160,397  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     32,646     32,646  .........     34,936     34,936  .........     36,290     36,290  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................    205,243    205,243  .........    211,581    211,581  .........    223,278    223,278  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........    225,132    225,132  .........    242,584    242,584  .........    259,259    259,259  .........
  State children's health insurance..................      5,647  .........      5,647      6,644  .........      6,644      7,036  .........      7,036
  Medicaid...........................................    191,876  .........    191,876    201,944  .........    201,944    216,359  .........    216,359
  Indian health......................................      3,261      3,261  .........      3,480      3,480  .........      3,302      3,302  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     26,113     25,520        593     29,975     29,326        649     29,730     29,123        607
  Health resources and services......................      5,798      2,615      3,183      5,651      2,541      3,110      5,560      2,500      3,060
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      3,204        896      2,308      3,144        850      2,294      3,053        825      2,228
  Health care tax credit.............................        102        102  .........        114        114  .........        131        131  .........
  Uniformed Services retiree health care fund........      7,680      7,680  .........      8,286      8,286  .........      8,946      8,946  .........
  Other..............................................        174        174  .........        178        178  .........        175        175  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    674,230    470,623    203,607    713,581    498,940    214,641    756,829    527,539    229,290
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      3,794      3,794  .........      3,819      3,819  .........      3,943      3,943  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         26,186     26,082        104     19,256     19,170         86     20,320     20,235         85
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     29,980     29,876        104     23,075     22,989         86     24,263     24,178         85
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     32,454      9,389     23,065     33,295      9,344     23,951     32,000      8,075     23,925
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     35,564     30,926      4,638     36,818     32,006      4,812     37,797     32,855      4,942
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........     13,656        174     13,482     13,843        174     13,669     14,449        182     14,267
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      5,172  .........      5,172      5,319         -1      5,320      5,232         -1      5,233
  Commodity donations and other......................      1,408         38      1,370      1,369         48      1,321      1,143         39      1,104
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     55,800     31,138     24,662     57,349     32,227     25,122     58,621     33,075     25,546
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     33,445     33,445  .........     38,955     38,955  .........     40,595     40,595  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     21,837  .........     21,837     21,381  .........     21,381     21,413        272     21,141
  Low income home energy assistance..................      2,635  .........      2,635      1,874  .........      1,874      1,779          2      1,777
  Earned income tax credit...........................     36,461     36,461  .........     37,236     37,236  .........     38,364     38,364  .........
  Legal services.....................................        327        327  .........        313        313  .........        306        306  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance..........      4,852          7      4,845      4,853          7      4,846      4,955          8      4,947
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      6,533  .........      6,533      6,834  .........      6,834      7,045  .........      7,045
  Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability...     14,931     14,931  .........     14,312     14,312  .........     13,585     13,585  .........
  Refundable AMT credit..............................  .........  .........  .........        349        349  .........        283        283  .........
  Other public assistance............................        103  .........        103         91  .........         91        103         11         92
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....    121,124     85,171     35,953    126,198     91,172     35,026    128,428     93,426     35,002
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................        654        654  .........        605        605  .........        564        564  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,414      1,414  .........      1,398      1,398  .........      1,423      1,423  .........
  DC employee retirement.............................        518        518  .........        526        526  .........        610        610  .........
  Aging services programs............................      1,348         21      1,327      1,342         19      1,323      1,322         19      1,303
  Energy employees compensation fund.................        946        946  .........      1,192      1,192  .........        906        906  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        807        386        421        856        377        479        879        376        503
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      5,687      3,939      1,748      5,919      4,117      1,802      5,704      3,898      1,806
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................  1,682,248  1,393,059    289,189  1,760,695  1,460,010    300,685  1,848,136  1,532,422    315,714
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[[Page 229]]


                          Table 11.3--OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                2010 estimate                    2011 estimate                    2012 estimate
                       Program                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants     Total      Direct     Grants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social security and railroad retirement:
  Social security: old age and survivors insurance...    560,038    560,038  .........    593,823    593,823  .........    659,955    659,955  .........
  Social security: disability insurance..............    116,834    116,770         64    122,028    121,961         67    129,126    129,055         71
  Railroad retirement (excl. social security)........      6,905      6,905  .........      7,224      7,224  .........      7,448      7,448  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, social security and railroad retirement...    683,777    683,713         64    723,075    723,008         67    796,529    796,458         71
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
  Military retirement................................     49,412     49,412  .........     51,232     51,232  .........     52,392     52,392  .........
  Civil service retirement...........................     68,725     68,725  .........     70,815     70,815  .........     72,977     72,977  .........
  Veterans service-connected compensation............     46,544     46,544  .........     53,409     53,409  .........     48,242     48,242  .........
  Other..............................................      2,729      2,729  .........      2,875      2,875  .........      3,020      3,020  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, federal employees retirement and insurance    167,410    167,410  .........    178,331    178,331  .........    176,631    176,631  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unemployment assistance..............................     38,437     38,437  .........     40,397     40,397  .........     42,024     42,024  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medical care:
  Medicare: hospital insurance.......................    234,559    234,559  .........    253,557    253,557  .........    257,652    257,652  .........
  Medicare: supplementary medical insurance..........    278,710    278,710  .........    307,191    307,191  .........    316,573    316,573  .........
  State children's health insurance..................      6,277  .........      6,277      6,631  .........      6,631      6,627  .........      6,627
  Medicaid...........................................    232,686  .........    232,686    250,425  .........    250,425    270,223  .........    270,223
  Indian health......................................      3,298      3,298  .........      3,289      3,289  .........      3,313      3,313  .........
  Hospital and medical care for veterans.............     29,671     29,039        632     30,354     29,704        650     30,602     29,945        657
  Health resources and services......................      5,482      2,464      3,018      5,516      2,479      3,037      5,592      2,514      3,078
  Substance abuse and mental health services.........      3,004        811      2,193      3,018        815      2,203      3,055        825      2,230
  Health care tax credit.............................        143        143  .........        154        154  .........        166        166  .........
  Uniformed Services retiree health care fund........      9,662      9,662  .........     10,441     10,441  .........     11,287     11,287  .........
  Other..............................................        173        173  .........        186        186  .........        182        182  .........
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, medical care..............................    803,665    558,859    244,806    870,762    607,816    262,946    905,272    622,457    282,815
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance to students:
  Veterans education benefits........................      4,069      4,069  .........      4,285      4,285  .........      4,297      4,297  .........
  Student assistance--Department of Education and         21,300     21,216         84     21,749     21,664         85     21,963     21,877         86
   other.............................................
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, assistance to students....................     25,369     25,285         84     26,034     25,949         85     26,260     26,174         86
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Housing assistance...................................     30,713      7,674     23,039     29,979      6,849     23,130     29,744      6,715     23,029
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food and nutrition assistance:
  Food stamp program (including Puerto Rico).........     38,672     33,622      5,050     39,558     34,392      5,166     40,394     35,119      5,275
  Child nutrition and special milk programs..........     15,073        189     14,884     15,718        197     15,521     16,351        205     16,146
  Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).......      5,208         -1      5,209      5,318         -1      5,319      5,368         -2      5,370
  Commodity donations and other......................      1,142         40      1,102      1,146         40      1,106      1,148         39      1,109
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, food and nutrition assistance.............     60,095     33,850     26,245     61,740     34,628     27,112     63,261     35,361     27,900
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public assistance and related programs:
  Supplemental security income program...............     42,249     42,249  .........     48,453     48,453  .........     42,515     42,515  .........
  Family support payments to States and TANF.........     21,198        338     20,860     21,238        266     20,972     21,301        269     21,032
  Low income home energy assistance..................      1,753          1      1,752      1,778          1      1,777      1,798          1      1,797
  Earned income tax credit...........................     43,466     43,466  .........     44,480     44,480  .........     43,165     43,165  .........
  Legal services.....................................        305        305  .........        311        311  .........        315        315  .........
  Payments to States for daycare assistance..........      4,940          6      4,934      4,973          7      4,966      4,996          7      4,989
  Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist....      7,264  .........      7,264      7,550  .........      7,550      7,713  .........      7,713
  Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability...     13,188     13,188  .........     12,985     12,985  .........     12,723     12,723  .........
  Refundable AMT credit..............................        224        224  .........        174        174  .........        128        128  .........
  Other public assistance............................         97          9         88         98          7         91        103          7         96
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, public assistance and related programs....    134,684     99,786     34,898    142,040    106,684     35,356    134,757     99,130     35,627
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All other payments for individuals:
  Coal miners and black lung benefits................        527        527  .........        490        490  .........        455        455  .........
  Veterans insurance and burial benefits.............      1,434      1,434  .........      1,363      1,363  .........      1,333      1,333  .........
  DC employee retirement.............................        543        543  .........        554        554  .........        564        564  .........
  Aging services programs............................      1,311         19      1,292      1,328         19      1,309      1,345         20      1,325
  Energy employees compensation fund.................        774        774  .........        671        671  .........        588        588  .........
  Refugee assistance and other.......................        885        372        513        888        369        519        893        368        525
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, all other payments for individuals........      5,474      3,669      1,805      5,294      3,466      1,828      5,178      3,328      1,850
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, payments for individuals......................  1,949,624  1,618,683    330,941  2,077,652  1,727,128    350,524  2,179,656  1,808,278    371,378
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