[Historical Tables]
[Section 12 - Federal Grants To State and Local Governments]
[Table 12.3 - Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function, Agency, and Program: 1940-2008]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 239]]

 
    Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1940       1941       1942       1943       1944       1945       1946       1947       1948
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    State and private forestry.......................          2          4          2          2          2          7          6          9          9
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................          2          4          2          2          2          7          6          9          9
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Fish and Wildlife Service........................  .........          1          1          2          1          1          1          2          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................  .........          1          1          2          1          1          1          2          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300.....................................          2          5          4          3          3          8          7         10         12
                                            ============================================================================================================
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Extension activities.............................         18         18         19         19         19         19         23         27         26
    Cooperative State Research Service...............          7          7          7          7          7          7          7          7          7
    AMS payments to States and possessions...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
    Price support and related programs: CCC..........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         28
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350.....................................         25         25         26         26         26         26         30         34         64
                                            ============================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (federal funds)..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6
    Other Federal fund aid for highways..............        165        172        152         88         48         33         44        183        327
    Merchant Marine Schools..........................          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation.......................        165        172        152         88         48         34         45        183        334
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400.....................................        165        172        152         88         48         34         45        183        334
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 240]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1940       1941       1942       1943       1944       1945       1946       1947       1948
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Public works planning and facilities.............        277        117         68        130        134        119         68         31          8
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........        277        117         68        130        134        119         68         31          8
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450.....................................        277        117         68        130        134        119         68         31          8
                                            ============================================================================================================
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL
 SERVICES
  Education:
    Impact aid.......................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5          6
    Rehabilitation services and disability research..          4          4          4          5         36         54         48         25         27
    Special institutions for the handicapped.........          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
    Career, technical and adult education............         19         80        132        152         93         64         16         20         26
    Higher education (including college housing                5          5          5          5          5          5          5          5          5
     loans)..........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education............................         28         89        141        163        134        123         69         56         64
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Unemployment assistance (Training and employment-- .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         53
     Federal funds)..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         53
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500.....................................         28         89        141        163        134        123         69         56        117
                                            ============================================================================================================
550 HEALTH
  Health and Human Services:
    Health Resources and Services....................  .........  .........          1          3         48         61         38         12          4
    Disease control (Preventive health)..............          4          6          8          9         10         10          9         13          7
    ***Health Resources and Services.................         18         20         22         20         20         20         22         33         29
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............         22         26         30         32         78         91         68         58         40
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550.....................................         22         26         30         32         78         91         68         58         40
                                            ============================================================================================================
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Child nutrition programs......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         76         68
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         76         68
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    ***Family support payments to States.............        279        330        376        395        430        401        421        644        732
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............        279        330        376        395        430        401        421        644        732
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    ***Subsidized housing programs...................  .........          5         10         10         10          9          7          6          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........  .........          5         10         10         10          9          7          6          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Grants for unemployment services administration           62         66         72         54         36         34         56        102         80
     (Federal funds).................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................         62         66         72         54         36         34         56        102         80
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600.....................................        341        401        458        460        476        444        484        828        884
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 241]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1940       1941       1942       1943       1944       1945       1946       1947       1948
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    VA State supervision of schools..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6
    VA State administration of UI Benefits...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         24
    VA veterans re-use housing.......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         29        358         42
    VA educational facilities........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         26         53
    ***Medical services..............................          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          2          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700.....................................          1          1          1          1          1          1         30        385        128
                                            ============================================================================================================
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues..................          2          2          2          *          *          *          4          4          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................          2          2          2          *          *          *          4          4          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues....................          1          1          1          3          2          2          2          2          3
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral             2          2          2          3          3          4          4          4          6
     Leasing Act.....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................          3          3          3          5          5          6          6          6          9
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *          *
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia.....          6          6          6          6          6          6          6          8         12
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-                6          6          6          6          6          6          6          8         12
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800.....................................         10         11         11         11         11         12         16         18         26
                                            ============================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants............................        872        847        892        914        911        859        819      1,603      1,612
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 242]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1949       1950       1951       1952       1953       1954       1955       1956       1957
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................  .........  .........  .........          *         13         14         10         10          9
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050.....................................  .........  .........  .........          *         13         14         10         10          9
                                            ============================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund..................          2          2          2          3          3          4          4          4          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270.....................................          2          2          2          3          3          4          4          4          5
                                            ============================================================================================================
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Watershed and flood prevention operations........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6         10         15         13
    State and private forestry.......................          9         10         10         10         10         10         10         11         11
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................          9         10         10         10         10         16         20         26         24
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants...............  .........          1          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency......  .........          1          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Fish and Wildlife Service........................          5          8          8         10         12         15         16         16         16
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................          5          8          8         10         12         15         16         16         16
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300.....................................         14         18         19         21         23         31         36         41         42
                                            ============================================================================================================
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Extension activities.............................         30         31         31         32         32         32         39         44         50
    Cooperative State Research Service...............          7         12         12         12         12         13         19         25         29
    AMS payments to States and possessions...........          3          1          1          1          1  .........          1          1          1
    Price support and related programs: CCC..........         46         62         53         38         52        162        178        305        289
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350.....................................         87        106         98         84         97        207        237        374        369
                                            ============================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (federal funds)..............         30         33         30         33         27         18          8         17         21
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)......  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        953
    Other Federal fund aid for highways..............        403        432        396        415        501        522        586        729          2
    Merchant Marine Schools..........................          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation.......................        434        465        426        448        528        540        594        746        976
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400.....................................        434        465        426        448        528        540        594        746        976
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 243]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1949       1950       1951       1952       1953       1954       1955       1956       1957
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Homeland Security:
    Disaster Relief..................................  .........  .........  .........         16         12          2          9         15         10
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................  .........  .........  .........         16         12          2          9         15         10
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Public works planning and facilities.............          8          1          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Urban renewal programs...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........          8         12         34         14         30
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........          8          1          *  .........          8         12         34         14         30
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Alaska and Virgin Islands land use planning and    .........  .........  .........          4          5          5          6          7          4
     public works....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-        .........  .........  .........          4          5          5          6          7          4
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450.....................................          8          1          *         20         25         19         48         36         44
                                            ============================================================================================================
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL
 SERVICES
  Education:
    Impact aid.......................................          6          7         17         91        200        173        203        170        160
    Education for the disadvantaged..................  .........  .........  .........  .........          4         13          5          1          1
    Rehabilitation services and disability research..         18         25         16         22         22         23         26         35         34
    Special institutions for the handicapped.........          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
    Career, technical and adult education............         26         26         27         26         25         25         30         33         38
    Higher education (including college housing                5          5          5          5          5          5          5          5          5
     loans)..........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education............................         55         64         65        144        257        239        269        244        238
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Unemployment assistance (Training and employment--        44         87         67         74         86         70         55         87         91
     Federal funds)..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................         44         87         67         74         86         70         55         87         91
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
     administration..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500.....................................         99        150        132        217        343        309        324        332        331
                                            ============================================================================================================
550 HEALTH
  Health and Human Services:
    Health Resources and Services....................         11         57        108        125        110         91         75         57         74
    Disease control (Preventive health)..............         21         20         17         15         11          6          5         28         36
    National Institutes of Health....................          3          5          4          4          4          4          3          3          4
    ***Health Resources and Services.................         31         36         42         44         44         40         39         47         51
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services....          3          3          3          3          3          2          2          3          4
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............         70        122        174        192        173        144        125        138        169
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550.....................................         70        122        174        192        173        144        125        138        169
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 244]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1949       1950       1951       1952       1953       1954       1955       1956       1957
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Child nutrition programs......................         75         83         83         84         83         84         83         82         98
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         75         83         83         84         83         84         83         82         98
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    ***Family support payments to States.............        921      1,123      1,186      1,178      1,330      1,438      1,427      1,455      1,556
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............        921      1,123      1,186      1,178      1,330      1,438      1,427      1,455      1,556
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    ***Subsidized housing programs...................          3          7          7         12         26         44         67         82         87
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........          3          7          7         12         26         44         67         82         87
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Grants for unemployment services administration           97        121        111        113        116        133        139        144        157
     (Federal funds).................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................         97        121        111        113        116        133        139        144        157
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600.....................................      1,096      1,335      1,386      1,387      1,555      1,698      1,715      1,763      1,898
                                            ============================================================================================================
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    VA State supervision of schools..................          5          4          3          2          2          2          2          3          2
    VA State administration of UI Benefits...........         21          8          2          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
    VA veterans re-use housing.......................          5          2          1          1          *  .........  .........  .........  .........
    VA educational facilities........................          2          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    ***Medical services..............................          3          3          4          4          4          4          5          6          6
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700.....................................         36         18         10          7          7          6          8          8          8
                                            ============================================================================================================
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues..................          6          8          9         14         17         19         16         19         29
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................          6          8          9         14         17         19         16         19         29
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues...........  .........  .........  .........          2          3          4          3          5          5
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues....................          3          5          3          5         12          9         14         11         14
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral            10         11         17         15         17         19         22         24         26
     Leasing Act.....................................
    Assistance to territories........................  .........  .........  .........          5          7          6          6          6          6
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4          4          2
     assistance......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................         13         16         19         26         36         34         46         45         48
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues..............          *          *          1          1          1          1          1          1          2
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia.....         12         12         11         11         11         12         22         20         20
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-               12         12         11         11         11         12         22         20         20
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico.....  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         15         16         18         19
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         15         16         18         19
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800.....................................         31         36         40         54         68         84        105        109        123
                                            ============================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants............................      1,876      2,253      2,287      2,433      2,835      3,056      3,207      3,561      3,974
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 245]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1958       1959       1960       1961       1962       1963       1964       1965       1966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Defense--Military:
    Military construction, Army National Guard.......  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         19         14         11          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Defense--Military....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         19         14         11          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................         14         11          5         11         17         21         20         22         22
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050.....................................         14         11          5         11         17         40         35         33         25
                                            ============================================================================================================
150 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
  State:
    East-West Center.................................  .........  .........  .........          1          7          7          4          4          6
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 150.....................................  .........  .........  .........          1          7          7          4          4          6
                                            ============================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund..................          5          6          6          6          7          7          8          9         10
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270.....................................          5          6          6          6          7          7          8          9         10
                                            ============================================================================================================
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Resource conservation and development............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *
    Watershed and flood prevention operations........         17         23         33         32         39         57         57         58         69
    State and private forestry.......................         12         12         11         11         14         16         16         15         19
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         29         35         44         44         53         74         73         74         88
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants...............         19         36         40         44         42         52         66         70         81
    Abatement, control, and compliance(including       .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5          7
     loans)..........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency......         19         36         40         44         42         52         66         75         88
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Mines and minerals...............................          1          2          2          *          *          *          *          1          1
    Colorado River dam fund, Boulder Canyon project..  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          1          1          1          1
    Miscellaneous permanent appropriations [Bureau of  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *
     Reclamation]....................................
    Fish and Wildlife Service........................         19         20         22         21         20         20         21         20         22
    Land acquisition(land and water conservation       .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          3
     fund)...........................................
    Miscellaneous expiring appropriations              .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5
     [Departmental Offices]..........................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................         19         22         24         21         21         21         21         22         32
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: Flood Control................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *         17          8         12         18
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300.....................................         67         94        108        109        116        163        168        183        227
                                            ============================================================================================================
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Salaries and expenses [Agricultural Research       .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          2
     Service]........................................
    Extension activities.............................         56         61         61         65         68         72         77         82         87
    Cooperative State Research Service...............         30         31         31         32         35         37         40         45         51
    AMS payments to States and possessions...........          1          1          1          1          1          1          2          2          2
    Price support and related programs: CCC..........        174        207        149        268        381        353        481        387        227
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350.....................................        262        300        243        365        485        464        599        517        368
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 246]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1958       1959       1960       1961       1962       1963       1964       1965       1966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT
  Commerce:
    Miscellaneous appropriations.....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
    Promote, develop American fishery products and     .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
     research........................................
    Scientific and technical research and services...  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Small Business Administration:
    Small business assistance........................  .........  .........          2          1          *          *          *          *  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 370.....................................  .........  .........          2          1          *          *          *          *          2
                                            ============================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (federal funds)..............         43         57         57         65         58         52         65         71         54
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)......  TF            1,493      2,589      2,913      2,591      2,752      2,984      3,607      3,980      3,959
    Other Federal fund aid for highways..............         25         25         29         32         31         39         37         38         43
    Urban mass transportation grants.................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          2          5         11         16
    Merchant Marine Schools..........................          *          *          1          *          1          *          1          1          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation.......................      1,562      2,671      2,999      2,688      2,841      3,077      3,716      4,100      4,072
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400.....................................      1,562      2,671      2,999      2,688      2,841      3,077      3,716      4,100      4,072
                                            ============================================================================================================
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Agriculture:
    Rural community advancement program..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    Economic development assistance programs.........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          3         11          8          7
    Local public works and drought assistance          .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         15        257        288         85
     programs........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *         18        269        297         92
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Disaster Relief..................................         12          4          1          7         14         30         21         43        132
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................         12          4          1          7         14         30         21         43        132
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Planning assistance..............................  .........  .........          3          3          7         12         15         17         20
    Urban renewal programs...........................         37         77        102        141        163        185        207        281        313
    Public facilities (including Model cities, water   .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          5          6          8
     and sewers).....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........         37         77        104        144        169        197        227        303        341
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Operation of Indian programs (Area and regional            *          *          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
     development)....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................          *          *          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Appalachian regional development programs........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *         10
    Alaska and Virgin Islands land use planning and            4          3          2          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     public works....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-                4          3          2          1  .........  .........  .........          *         10
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450.....................................         53         85        109        153        185        246        517        643        575
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 247]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1958       1959       1960       1961       1962       1963       1964       1965       1966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL
 SERVICES
  Education:
    Impact aid.......................................        178        198        237        267        268        330        323        341        378
    Education for the disadvantaged..................          2         44         69         50         53         48         69         67        900
    School improvement programs......................  .........  .........  .........  .........         13         15         15         13          2
    Special education................................  .........  .........          *          1          1          1          1          3          3
    Rehabilitation services and disability research..         41         45         49         55         65         73         88        101        159
    Special institutions for the handicapped.........          *          *          *          *          1          1          1          1          1
    Career, technical and adult education............         39         38         39         40         40         41         41        132        128
    Higher education (including college housing                5          5          5          7         15         14         14         16         57
     loans)..........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education............................        266        332        400        420        455        523        552        674      1,628
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Children and families services programs..........  .........  .........         13         14         18         24         35         33         98
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............  .........  .........         13         14         18         24         35         33         98
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Indian education.................................          7          6          5          6          7          7          8          9         10
  Labor:
    Training and employment services.................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         80         87        336
    Unemployment assistance (Training and employment--        92         94        100  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     Federal funds)..................................
    Unemployment trust fund................  TF        .........  .........  .........        120        170        131        160        177        237
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................         92         94        100        120        170        131        240        264        573
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Community services program (Social services).....  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         41        229
    Corporation for Public Broadcasting..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          3          4
    National Endowments for the Arts: grants.........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and          5          5          7          7          8          7          7         26         41
     administration..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-                5          5          7          7          8          7          9         70        274
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500.....................................        370        436        525        567        658        693        844      1,050      2,583
                                            ============================================================================================================
550 HEALTH
  Health and Human Services:
    Salaries and expenses [Food and Drug               .........  .........          3          3          4          6         10          5          4
     Administration].................................
    Health Resources and Services....................        110        148        145        158        164        184        189        196        204
    Disease control (Preventive health)..............          6          6          5          6  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    National Institutes of Health....................          4          4          6          9          9         12         11          2          *
    ***Health Resources and Services.................         56         58         51         56         75         84        110        137        174
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services....          6          6          5          8         10          7         10         11         12
    ***Grants to States for Medicaid.................  .........  .........  .........         23        103        157        210        272        770
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............        182        222        214        262        365        450        539        624      1,165
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550.....................................        182        222        214        262        365        450        539        624      1,165
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 248]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1958       1959       1960       1961       1962       1963       1964       1965       1966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Food stamp program............................  .........  .........  .........  .........         14         19         29         32         65
    ***Child nutrition programs......................        165        216        232        239        258        262        276        263        291
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................        165        216        232        239        272        281        305        295        357
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    ***Family support payments to States.............      1,795      1,966      2,059      2,144      2,329      2,572      2,734      2,787      2,758
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............      1,795      1,966      2,059      2,144      2,329      2,572      2,734      2,787      2,758
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    ***Subsidized housing programs...................         95        111        127        140        154        170        183        208        226
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........         95        111        127        140        154        170        183        208        226
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Grants for unemployment services administration          199        204        217          2  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     (Federal funds).................................
    Unemployment trust fund (administrative  TF        .........  .........  .........        255        298        205        253        223        239
     expenses).............................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................        199        204        217        257        298        205        253        223        239
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600.....................................      2,253      2,497      2,635      2,780      3,054      3,230      3,475      3,512      3,580
                                            ============================================================================================================
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    Medical services.................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *
    VA State supervision of schools..................          2          2          2          1          1          1  .........  .........  .........
    ***Medical services..............................          6          6          6          8          7          7          8          8          9
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700.....................................          8          8          8          9          8          8          8          8          9
                                            ============================================================================================================
750 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  Justice:
    Justice assistance...............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Justice..............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 750.....................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 249]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1958       1959       1960       1961       1962       1963       1964       1965       1966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues..................         27         22         30         36         26         28         31         34         36
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         27         22         30         36         26         28         31         34         36
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Payments to States under Federal Power Act.......  .........  .........          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues...........          6          7          8          9         14         13         14         17         20
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues....................         13         14         19         19         16         18         17         23         22
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral            32         33         36         35         39         47         47         48         47
     Leasing Act.....................................
    Assistance to territories........................          7          6          2          2          9          8         12          1         10
    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands...........  .........  .........          5          6          6         15         20         13         17
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal          3          4         15         13         12         11         26          9         16
     assistance......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................         55         56         77         75         83         98        122         93        111
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues..............          2          2          1          1          2          2          2          2          2
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia.....         20         25         25         25         30         30         38         38         44
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-               20         25         25         25         30         30         38         38         44
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico.....         19         21         23         25         30         45         45         43         52
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury.............................         19         21         23         25         30         45         45         43         52
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800.....................................        128        133        165        172        184        216        251        226        264
                                            ============================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants............................      4,905      6,463      7,019      7,126      7,926      8,602     10,164     10,910     12,887
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 250]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Defense--Military:
    Military construction, Army National Guard.......          1          1          8         10          8         19         26         33         34
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Defense--Military....................          1          1          8         10          8         19         26         33         34
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................         26         26         26         27         26         26         31         32         39
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050.....................................         27         27         34         37         34         45         57         64         74
                                            ============================================================================================================
150 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
  State:
    East-West Center.................................          7          6          6          5          5          5          6          7  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 150.....................................          7          6          6          5          5          5          6          7  .........
                                            ============================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Energy:
    Energy supply and conservation...................  .........          5          6          9          8          5          5          5          7
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund..................         12         13         15         16         20         26         27         31         37
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270.....................................         12         18         20         25         28         31         33         36         43
                                            ============================================================================================================
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Resource conservation and development............          1          2          7          8         12          7          8          8          9
    Watershed and flood prevention operations........         72         64         64         74         74         80         79         97         94
    State and private forestry.......................         19         19         22         21         21         26         26         26         32
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         92         85         93        104        107        113        112        131        136
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    NOAA: Operations, research, and facilities.......  .........  .........  .........  .........          4         20         26         18         18
    NOAA: Coastal zone management....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          7
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........          4         20         26         18         24
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants...............         84        122        135        176        478        413        684      1,553      1,938
    Abatement, control, and compliance(including              13         14         26         18         42         46         61         70         87
     loans)..........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency......         97        136        161        194        520        460        745      1,623      2,025
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Mines and minerals...............................          *          *  .........          2         -2          2          2          1          4
    Colorado River dam fund, Boulder Canyon project..          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
    Miscellaneous permanent appropriations [Bureau of          *          *          *          *          *          *  .........  .........  .........
     Reclamation]....................................
    Water resources and research.....................  .........  .........          *  .........          8         11          8          7          9
    Fish and Wildlife Service........................         22         31         34         43         45         54         58         54         72
    Parks and recreation.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *          *          *          *
    Land acquisition(land and water conservation              22         51         44         46         62         89        107        151        157
     fund)...........................................
    Historic preservation fund.......................  .........          *          *  .........          1          4          4          5          6
    Miscellaneous expiring appropriations                      6  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     [Departmental Offices]..........................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................         51         83         80         91        116        161        180        219        247
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: Flood Control................         12         15         15         19          4          1  .........  .........  .........
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Water resources planning.........................          2          2          2          2          4          3          3          3          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300.....................................        254        320        351        411        755        758      1,066      1,995      2,437
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 251]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Salaries and expenses [Agricultural Research               3          3          1          1          1          7  .........  .........  .........
     Service]........................................
    Extension activities.............................         89         74         81        106        134        147        158        162        183
    Cooperative State Research Service...............         55         57         58         60         67         72         80         83         92
    AMS payments to States and possessions...........          2          2          2          2          2          2          2          2          *
    Price support and related programs: CCC..........        278        405        610        434        387        268        244        234        128
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350.....................................        427        542        752        604        591        496        484        481        404
                                            ============================================================================================================
370 COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT
  Commerce:
    Miscellaneous appropriations.....................          1          4          4          4          2  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Minority business development....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          2          3          2
    Promote, develop American fishery products and             3          5          6  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     research........................................
    Scientific and technical research and services...  .........          *          *          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................          4          9         10          4          2          *          2          3          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 370.....................................          4          9         10          4          2          *          2          3          2
                                            ============================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Homeland Security:
    Boat Safety............................  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          4          4          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          4          4          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    WMATA............................................  .........          2          6         16         35         84         76        170        175
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-        .........          2          6         16         35         84         76        170        175
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (Airport and airway  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........         61        105        232        243        292
     trust fund)...........................
    Grants for airports (federal funds)..............         64         75        104         83  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)......  TF            3,966      4,117      4,085      4,300      4,561      4,562      4,604      4,361      4,573
    Other Federal fund aid for highways..............         63         80         77         95        104        121        101         76         46
    Other Trust fund aid for highways......  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........          2          4          7          9          8
    Highway safety grants..................  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          7         32         66         74
    Rail service assistance..........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
    Urban mass transportation grants.................         42         66        136        104        156        179        291        348        689
    Research and special programs (pipeline safety     .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *  .........          1          1
     and other)......................................
    Merchant Marine Schools..........................          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation.......................      4,135      4,338      4,402      4,583      4,884      4,979      5,269      5,105      5,683
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400.....................................      4,135      4,340      4,408      4,599      4,919      5,065      5,349      5,279      5,864
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 252]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Agriculture:
    Rural community advancement program..............         11         29         28         25         26         35         42         34         35
    Rural community fire protection grants...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
    Rural development planning grants................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          4
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         11         29         28         25         26         35         42         34         41
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    Economic development assistance programs.........         20        114        145        156        176        167        194        202        209
    Local public works and drought assistance                 19          5          2          1          *          *          *  .........  .........
     programs........................................
    Regional development programs....................  .........  .........  .........  .........          1         16         22         21         19
    Regional development commissions.......  TF        .........  .........  .........          1          1         10         16         16         22
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................         39        119        147        158        178        193        232        240        250
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Disaster Relief..................................         53         31          7         61        122         88        156        107        131
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................         53         31          7         61        122         88        156        107        131
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Planning assistance..............................         22         25         33         41         49         47         74         99         96
    Community development fund.......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         38
    Urban renewal programs...........................        370        475        534      1,054      1,026      1,218      1,010      1,205      1,374
    Public facilities (including Model cities, water          26         84        144        254        505        704        836        726        601
     and sewers).....................................
    New community assistance grants..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          *          1          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........        418        584        711      1,349      1,581      1,969      1,921      2,030      2,112
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Operation of Indian programs (Area and regional            1          1          1          2          2          2         10          4          2
     development)....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................          1          1          1          2          2          2         10          4          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Appalachian regional development programs........         60         98        155        184        229        235        260        286        306
    Alaska and Virgin Islands land use planning and    .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          1          *
     public works....................................
    Alaska land use planning: cooperative    TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          1          1
     funds.................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-               60         98        155        184        229        235        261        287        307
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450.....................................        582        862      1,049      1,780      2,138      2,523      2,623      2,702      2,842
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 253]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL
 SERVICES
  Commerce:
    Job opportunities program........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         22
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         22
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Education:
    Indian education.................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         10         24
    Impact aid.......................................        417        472        375        622        493        602        519        529        577
    Education for the disadvantaged..................      1,364      1,455      1,427      1,470      1,798      1,883      1,819      1,615      2,184
    School improvement programs......................         10         22         28         86        163        178        161        399        332
    English language acquisition.....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         50         93
    Special education................................          2          8         22         31         29         33         40         43         58
    Rehabilitation services and disability research..        185        282        353        441        486        544        598        649        810
    Special institutions for the handicapped.........          1          1          1          1          2          2          2          2          2
    Career, technical and adult education............        233        255        255        285        410        501        592        569        653
    Higher education (including college housing              187        387        350        342        309        216        187         68         61
     loans)..........................................
    ***Student financial assistance..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         22
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education............................      2,401      2,882      2,812      3,279      3,689      3,959      3,917      3,935      4,815
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Job opportunities and basic skills training        .........  .........         31         81        123        163        266        323        304
     program.........................................
    Social services block grant......................        322        347        378        574        785      1,931      1,613      1,471      2,047
    Children and families services programs..........        420        441        330        390        430        508        459        609        803
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............        742        788        738      1,045      1,338      2,602      2,338      2,403      3,154
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Indian education.................................         11         12         13         16         21         24         23         25         24
  Labor:
    Temporary employment assistance..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        558      1,002        598        372
    Training and employment services.................        281        556        513        954      1,107      1,156        987      1,137      2,504
    State unemployment insurance and employment        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         64         60        -19
     service operations..............................
    Unemployment trust fund................  TF              283        303        317        351        357        360        363        374        481
    Salaries and expenses [Departmental Management]..          2  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................        566        859        830      1,305      1,464      2,075      2,416      2,169      3,339
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Community services program (Social services).....        375        526        615        648        715        708        676        622        493
    Corporation for Public Broadcasting..............          8          7          5         15         23         35         35         48         62
    National Endowments for the Arts: grants.........          5          3          4          4          5          6          7          8         14
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and         57         93         68        105         71         68         85        137        210
     administration..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              445        629        692        772        814        818        803        814        779
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500.....................................      4,165      5,170      5,085      6,417      7,326      9,478      9,497      9,345     12,133
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 254]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 HEALTH
  Agriculture:
    Food safety and inspection.......................  .........          1         10         18         27         29         29         30         33
  Executive Office of the President:
    Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention..  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6         10
  Health and Human Services:
    Health Resources and Services....................        239        415        450        578        570        569        484        558        672
    Disease control (Preventive health)..............  .........  .........  .........          2          5          1         46         51         59
    National Institutes of Health....................          2  .........          2  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Substance abuse and mental health services.......  .........        171         47         66         50        103  .........  .........  .........
    ***Health Resources and Services.................        246        293        379        380        364        513        520        530        567
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services....         11         21         30         80        116        187        319        302        590
    ***Grants to States for Medicaid.................      1,173      1,806      2,285      2,727      3,362      4,601      4,600      5,818      6,840
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............      1,672      2,705      3,193      3,832      4,467      5,974      5,969      7,259      8,729
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Occupational and mine safety.....................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          7         11         27         38
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550.....................................      1,672      2,706      3,203      3,849      4,494      6,010      6,009      7,322      8,810
                                            ============================================================================================================
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Funds for strengthening markets, income, and    .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        580        728        743        451
     supply (section 32).............................
    ***Rural housing assistance grants...............          *          1          3          6          3          1          4          3          3
    ***Mutual and self-help housing grants...........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          1          1          3          3
    ***Food stamp program............................        106        171        234        559         20         27         31         48        136
    ***Child nutrition programs......................        302        318        336        379        603        707        685        793      1,565
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................        408        490        573        944        627      1,316      1,450      1,589      2,159
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    ***Family support payments to States.............      2,720      3,166      3,618      4,142      5,486      6,559      5,922      5,423      5,121
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............      2,720      3,166      3,618      4,142      5,486      6,559      5,922      5,423      5,121
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    ***Subsidized housing programs...................        250        283        344        436        558        749      1,049      1,116      1,326
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........        250        283        344        436        558        749      1,049      1,116      1,326
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Unemployment trust fund (administrative  TF              257        248        271        273        402        416        452        458        636
     expenses).............................
    ***Special benefits for disabled coal miners.....  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          *  .........          *  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................        257        248        271        273        403        416        452        458        636
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Social Security Administration(On-budget):
    ***Supplemental security income program..........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         47        110
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Social Security Administration (On-    .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         47        110
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600.....................................      3,636      4,188      4,806      5,795      7,074      9,040      8,872      8,633      9,352
                                            ============================================================================================================
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    Medical services.................................          1          2          *          1          1          *          1          1          7
    ***Medical services..............................          9          9         12         14         16         17         17         21         22
    ***Grants for construction of State extended care          *          2          2          3          3          2          3          4          3
     facilities......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700.....................................         10         13         14         18         19         19         20         26         32
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 255]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973       1974       1975
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  Justice:
    Justice assistance...............................          3          6         28         41        196        321        526        637        722
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Justice..............................          3          6         28         41        196        321        526        637        722
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission..........  .........          6  .........          1          1          1          1          2          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-        .........          6  .........          1          1          1          1          2          3
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 750.....................................          3         12         28         42        197        322        528        639        725
                                            ============================================================================================================
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues..................         43         45         53         79         73         58         86        115        121
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         43         45         53         79         73         58         86        115        121
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Payments to States under Federal Power Act.......          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues...........         28         32         35         48         58         73         77         95        172
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues....................         24         25         29         34         31         34         40         50         64
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral            48         48         51         53         54         56         56         57        117
     Leasing Act.....................................
    Assistance to territories........................         11         10         13          9         11         13         16         17         16
    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands...........         15         21         34         40         49         51         61         63         69
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal         11         12         13         14         13         19         22         17         17
     assistance......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................        109        117        139        149        158        172        195        203        283
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Office of Personnel Management:
    Intergovernmental personnel assistance...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          3         14         14         15
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues..............          2          2          3          3          3          3          3          3          4
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia.....         58         75         86        115        139        174        182        187        226
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-               58         75         86        115        139        174        182        187        226
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    General revenue sharing trust fund.....  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      6,636      6,106      6,130
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico.....         59         66         80         85         85        101        109        101        122
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury.............................         59         66         80         85         85        101      6,746      6,207      6,251
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800.....................................        299        338        396        479        516        584      7,302      6,824      7,072
                                            ============================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants............................     15,233     18,551     20,164     24,065     28,099     34,375     41,847     43,357     49,791
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 256]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Defense--Military:
    Military construction, Army National Guard.......         51          8         56         16         49         54         30         29         41
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Defense--Military....................         51          8         56         16         49         54         30         29         41
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................         38          7         40         43         44         39         45         39         45
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050.....................................         89         15         96         60         94         93         75         68         86
                                            ============================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Energy:
    Energy supply and conservation...................          8          7          6        100         83        384        480        346        317
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Assistance for solar and conservation              .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
     improvements....................................
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund..................         48         20         68         80        100        116        137        163        165
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270.....................................         56         27         74        180        183        499        617        509        482
                                            ============================================================================================================
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Resource conservation and development............         13          3         11         17         19         14         17         13         14
    Watershed and flood prevention operations........        114         27        115         99        123         57         71        144        134
    Forest and rangeland research....................  .........  .........  .........          8          8          8          6         10          9
    State and private forestry.......................         40          3         22         25         42         31         28         32         32
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................        167         33        148        149        191        111        121        199        189
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    NOAA: Operations, research, and facilities.......         23          6         19         18         43         69         47         50         80
    NOAA: Coastal zone management....................         13          5         22         24         27         41         50         33         43
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................         36         11         41         42         70        110         97         83        123
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants...............      2,429        919      3,530      3,187      3,756      4,343      3,881      3,756      2,983
    Abatement, control, and compliance(including             134         36        194        203        206        260        300        320        270
     loans)..........................................
    Hazardous substance superfund..........  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          3         13
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency......      2,563        955      3,724      3,390      3,963      4,603      4,181      4,079      3,266
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Mines and minerals...............................          1         -*          *          *         13         25         27         72         80
    Water and related resources......................  .........  .........  .........          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Colorado River dam fund, Boulder Canyon project..          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1  .........
    Water resources and research.....................         10          2  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Fish and Wildlife Service........................         73         17         90         91         96        124        141        149        155
    Parks and recreation.............................          *  .........          *         12         10         10         16         35         31
    Land acquisition(land and water conservation             156         43        156        180        239        307        292        211        144
     fund)...........................................
    Historic preservation fund.......................          6          2          9         10         28         47         51         36         31
    Youth conservation corps.........................          9          *         18         18         18         16         11          6         -*
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................        256         65        274        314        404        531        538        510        440
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Water resources planning.........................          5  .........          2          3          3          8          7  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300.....................................      3,027      1,064      4,189      3,898      4,631      5,363      4,944      4,872      4,018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 257]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Extension activities.............................        181         48        198        252        273        288        301        307        323
    Cooperative State Research Service...............        101         28        117         87         99        110        117        129        126
    AMS payments to States and possessions...........         -*          *          *          1          1          2          2          1          1
    Price support and related programs: CCC..........        143         47         56         87         84        169        409        548      1,366
    Commodity assistance program.....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          7
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350.....................................        425        123        371        426        456        569        829        986      1,822
                                            ============================================================================================================
370 COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT
  Agriculture:
    Miscellaneous expiring appropriations [Rural       .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          2          1          *
     Housing Service]................................
  Commerce:
    Miscellaneous appropriations.....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         -*
    Minority business development....................          4          2          8         13         12          2          2          2          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................          4          2          8         13         12          2          2          2          2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Small Business Administration:
    Small business assistance........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         59
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 370.....................................          4          2          8         13         12          3          4          3         62
                                            ============================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Homeland Security:
    Boat Safety............................  TF                5          1          7          6          4          2          *  .........          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................          5          1          7          6          4          2          *  .........          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    WMATA............................................        170         52        290        149        577         34          3          5          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              170         52        290        149        577         34          3          5          3
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (Airport and airway  TF              269         26        335        562        556        590        469        339        453
     trust fund)...........................
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)......  TF            6,132      1,605      5,799      5,807      6,825      8,675      8,641      7,590      8,529
    Other Federal fund aid for highways..............         57         12        101        146        266        230        155        106        232
    Other Trust fund aid for highways......  TF                1          3         11         24         49         93         84         43         17
    Highway safety grants..................  TF               81         26        116        133        189        210        226        164        119
    Rail service assistance..........................          2          5         22         35         53         54         51         55         47
    Conrail commuter transition assistance...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         25        135
    Urban mass transportation grants.......  TF        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          3
    Urban mass transportation grants.................      1,262        279      1,616      1,972      2,408      3,129      3,771      3,782      3,655
    Research and special programs (pipeline safety             1          1          2          1          2          3          3          2          3
     and other)......................................
    Merchant Marine Schools..........................  .........  .........  .........          *          1          1  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation.......................      7,805      1,954      8,002      8,682     10,349     12,986     13,401     12,105     13,192
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400.....................................      7,980      2,007      8,299      8,837     10,931     13,022     13,404     12,110     13,200
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 258]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Agriculture:
    Rural community advancement program..............         75         24        113        180        287        325        269        210        157
    Rural community fire protection grants...........          4          1          4          3          3          3          4          3          2
    Rural development planning grants................          7          3         10         10         15         17         14          8          4
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         86         28        126        193        306        346        287        221        163
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    Economic development assistance programs.........        202         59        165        260        345        452        408        323        248
    Local public works and drought assistance          .........  .........        579      3,108      1,750        416         83         39         17
     programs........................................
    Regional development programs....................         21          2         17         18         19         60         31         10          5
    Regional development commissions.......  TF               53         17         47         43         45         44         43         16          3
    Coastal energy impact fund.......................  .........  .........  .........          *          3          4          2          1         -2
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................        276         78        808      3,429      2,162        976        567        389        270
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Energy conservation..............................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          7         15         10  .........
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................  .........  .........  .........          2          3          5  .........          4          5
    Disaster Relief..................................        252         59        168        209        224        375        268        110        182
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................        252         59        168        210        227        380        268        114        186
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Planning assistance..............................         92         20         76         67         62         52         39         20          3
    Community development fund.......................        983        439      2,089      2,464      3,161      3,902      4,042      3,792      3,554
    Urban development action grants..................  .........  .........  .........  .........         73        225        371        388        451
    Urban renewal programs...........................      1,166        295        899        392        298        214        156        101         38
    Miscellaneous appropriations [Community Planning   .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1         -*
     and Development.................................
    Public facilities (including Model cities, water         271         33         80         46         38         20         19          9          3
     and sewers).....................................
    New community assistance grants..................          1          *          2          1          *          *          1          1          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........      2,513        787      3,146      2,971      3,632      4,413      4,628      4,310      4,048
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Operation of Indian programs (Area and regional            2          *  .........         17         18         18         18         17         17
     development)....................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................          2          *  .........         17         18         18         18         17         17
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Appalachian regional development programs........        315         72        246        257        297        335        329        304        262
    Alaska and Virgin Islands land use planning and            1          *          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     public works....................................
    Alaska land use planning: cooperative    TF                *          *          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     funds.................................
    Payment to Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation.  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         12         12         14         16
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              316         72        247        257        297        347        341        318        278
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450.....................................      3,445      1,024      4,496      7,078      6,641      6,486      6,124      5,379      4,962
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 259]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL
 SERVICES
  Commerce:
    Job opportunities program........................        269         79         98         12          2          5          *          1          1
    Public telecommunications facilities, planning     .........  .........  .........  .........          9         20         20         12         23
     and construction................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................        269         79         98         12         11         25         20         14         23
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Education:
    Indian education.................................         25         13         47         56         57         90         52         74         65
    Impact aid.......................................        558         66        719        706        858        622        693        546        548
    Education for the disadvantaged..................      2,108        647      2,225      2,666      2,965      3,370      3,345      2,939      2,629
    School improvement programs......................        218         60        274        291        395        523        627        636        509
    English language acquisition.....................         51         48        115        135        149        166        160        110        108
    Special education................................         90         16        120        226        456        810      1,023      1,131      1,125
    Rehabilitation services and disability research..        836        235        870        868        946        956        978        780        852
    Special institutions for the handicapped.........          2          1          3          3          4          4          5          5          5
    Career, technical and adult education............        748         90        692        691        769        854        723        802        705
    Higher education (including college housing                8          2         21          6         24         20         11          3          3
     loans)..........................................
    ***Student financial assistance..................         35          6         62         56         62         78         78         57         51
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education............................      4,679      1,184      5,149      5,703      6,685      7,493      7,694      7,084      6,600
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Job opportunities and basic skills training              299         84        348        353        372        383        368        222        281
     program.........................................
    Social services block grant......................      2,251        561      2,534      2,809      3,091      2,763      2,646      2,567      2,508
    Children and families services programs..........        759        200        950      1,119      1,199      1,548      1,735      1,770      2,024
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............      3,310        846      3,832      4,281      4,662      4,694      4,749      4,560      4,813
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Indian education.................................         12          2          5          5          7          7          5          5          5
  Labor:
    Temporary employment assistance..................      1,887        519      2,340      4,769      3,285      1,796        852         38         45
    Training and employment services.................      2,853        980      2,940      4,251      5,397      6,191      5,926      3,295      3,187
    Community service employment for older Americans.  .........  .........          3         24         35         45         52         56         51
    State unemployment insurance and employment              182        -26         53         46         65         24         51         24         -5
     service operations..............................
    Unemployment trust fund................  TF              344        170        551        582        610        710        730        685        724
    Salaries and expenses [Departmental Management]..  .........          5  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................      5,266      1,648      5,887      9,673      9,392      8,766      7,611      4,097      4,003
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Community services program (Social services).....        380        116        499        537        553        547        576        131        -18
    Corporation for Public Broadcasting..............         70         26        103        119        120        152        162        172        137
    National Endowments for the Arts: grants.........         17          6         20         19         22         20         20         18         28
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and        137         16        160        209        255        158         80        107        126
     administration..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              605        163        782        884        950        876        838        427        273
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Social services claims...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........        543  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500.....................................     14,141      3,921     15,753     20,557     22,249     21,862     20,917     16,187     15,717
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 260]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 HEALTH
  Agriculture:
    Food safety and inspection.......................         30          6         27         27         30         30         30         29         29
  Executive Office of the President:
    Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention..          7          *          *          1          1          *         -*          *  .........
  Health and Human Services:
    Health Resources and Services....................        768        168        884        494        293         25        240          4         55
    Disease control (Preventive health)..............         67         11         74         58         93        103        114        120        165
    ***Health Resources and Services.................        905        142        740        818        913        916        968        591        429
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services....        535        156        471        605        594        679        664        656        506
    ***Grants to States for Medicaid.................      8,568      2,229      9,876     10,680     12,407     13,957     16,833     17,391     18,985
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............     10,844      2,706     12,044     12,655     14,301     15,679     18,820     18,762     20,141
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Occupational and mine safety.....................         34          9         32         42         45         48         45         47         54
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550.....................................     10,914      2,721     12,104     12,725     14,377     15,758     18,895     18,839     20,224
                                            ============================================================================================================
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Funds for strengthening markets, income, and          277         62         38        269        270        456        285        379        541
     supply (section 32).............................
    ***Rural housing assistance grants...............          3          1          7          6          6         13         17         20         16
    ***Mutual and self-help housing grants...........          3          1          4          4          5          6          7          8          7
    ***Food stamp program............................        267         65        271        299        324        412        489        752      1,444
    ***Commodity donations/assistance programs.......          8          *         48         52         64        101        104        121        171
    ***Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP)..        141         41        242        371        542        716        928        928      1,123
    ***Child nutrition programs......................      1,878        390      2,775      2,526      2,862      3,388      3,359      2,875      3,115
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................      2,576        560      3,385      3,527      4,072      5,093      5,189      5,084      6,417
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Family support payments to States................         96         36        186        247        252        384        439        459        497
    Payments to States from receipts for child         .........  .........  .........          *          *          *          1          1          1
     support.........................................
    ***Family support payments to States.............      5,753      1,570      6,165      6,369      6,331      6,888      7,694      7,488      7,844
    ***Low income home energy assistance.............  .........  .........        110        193        186      1,180      1,653      1,685      1,991
    ***Refugee and entrant assistance................  .........  .........  .........         56        132        338        641        878        504
    ***Payments to States for foster care and          .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        557        402        408
     adoption assistance.............................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............      5,849      1,606      6,461      6,865      6,901      8,791     10,985     10,912     11,245
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    ***Emergency food and shelter....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         79
  Housing and Urban Development:
    ***Public housing operating fund.................        178        128        506        691        654        824        929      1,008      1,542
    ***Subsidized housing programs...................      1,410        283      1,309      1,721      2,119      2,610      3,105      3,883      4,151
    ***Congregate services...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          1          3          3
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........      1,588        411      1,814      2,412      2,773      3,435      4,034      4,894      5,695
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    State unemployment insurance and employment        .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5         15
     service operations..............................
    Unemployment trust fund (administrative  TF              868        209        964        939        952      1,138      1,315      1,417      1,702
     expenses).............................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................        868        209        964        939        952      1,138      1,315      1,422      1,718
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Social Security Administration(On-budget):
    ***Supplemental security income program..........         67          5         39         39         41         39         45         20         13
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Social Security Administration (On-           67          5         39         39         41         39         45         20         13
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600.....................................     10,948      2,791     12,663     13,782     14,740     18,495     21,569     22,332     25,166
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 261]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980       1981       1982       1983
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    Medical services.................................         21          5         31         35         37         41         24          5          7
    Grants for the construction of State veterans      .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          1          1          2
     cemeteries......................................
    ***Medical services..............................         22          6         40         34         35         35         41         42         44
    ***Grants for construction of State extended care          9          2          8          7         14         14          9         15         14
     facilities......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700.....................................         52         13         79         76         86         90         74         63         66
                                            ============================================================================================================
750 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Fair housing activities..........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          2          5
  Justice:
    Prisons..........................................  .........  .........          1          4          8          9          8          9          9
    Justice assistance...............................        789        168        706        559        497        504        308        159         69
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Justice..............................        789        168        707        563        505        513        316        168         79
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission..........          6          1          6          9         12         16         15         17         18
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-                6          1          6          9         12         16         15         17         18
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 750.....................................        795        169        713        572        517        529        332        187        101
                                            ============================================================================================================
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues..................         89        110         50        226        241        280        241        243        144
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................         89        110         50        226        241        280        241        243        144
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Payments to States under Federal Power Act.......          5          *  .........          *          *          *          *          *          1
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues...........        187         39        238        237        214        278         58         69         76
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues....................         56         62         36        117         95        109        116        115         55
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral           120         78        105        175        210        268        331        536        535
     Leasing Act.....................................
    Payments to Papago trust and cooperative fund....  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         15
    Assistance to territories........................         19         16         36         61         77         52         73        115         65
    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands...........         82         21         84         84        105         68        117        131        131
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal         33          3         19         22         27         49        113         66         59
     assistance......................................
    Payments in lieu of taxes........................  .........  .........        100         98        105        103        104         96         96
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................        310        181        381        557        619        649        855      1,058        956
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Office of Personnel Management:
    Intergovernmental personnel assistance...........         15          4         13         19         19         19         18          7          *
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues..............          4          4  .........          5          6          5          5          5          6
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia.....        226         89        276        304        275        339        365        402        427
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              226         89        276        304        275        339        365        402        427
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Antirecession financial assistance fund..........  .........  .........      1,699      1,329          *  .........  .........  .........  .........
    General revenue sharing trust fund.....  TF            6,243      1,588      6,758      6,823      6,848      6,829      5,137      4,569      4,614
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico.....        139         29        157        188        213        217        240        245        316
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury.............................      6,382      1,617      8,614      8,340      7,060      7,045      5,377      4,814      4,931
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800.....................................      7,218      2,043      9,571      9,687      8,434      8,616      6,918      6,599      6,541
                                            ============================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants............................     59,094     15,920     68,415     77,889     83,351     91,385     94,704     88,134     92,448
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 262]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Defense--Military:
    Operation and maintenance, Navy..................  .........  .........  .........          5  .........          4  .........  .........  .........
    Research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy  .........  .........  .........          2          2          1  .........  .........  .........
    Research, development, test, and evaluation, Army  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2  .........  .........  .........
    Military construction, Army National Guard.......         40         52         95        107        104        131        150        104        218
    National defense stockpile transaction fund......  .........  .........  .........  .........          2         28  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Defense--Military....................         40         52         95        113        108        165        150        104        218
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................         55        105         81         80         80         88         91         80        100
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050.....................................         95        157        177        193        188        253        241        185        318
                                            ============================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Energy:
    Energy supply and conservation...................        356        314        311        242        230        187        228        214        207
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Assistance for solar and conservation                      8         27         32         10          3          1          *          *          *
     improvements....................................
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund..................        170        188        196        203        225        232        233        243        241
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270.....................................        534        529        538        455        457        420        461        457        448
                                            ============================================================================================================
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Resource conservation and development............         17         11         10          7         11          9         19         22          5
    Watershed and flood prevention operations........        151        160        169        124        114         94        122        133        113
    Rural community advancement program..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
    Forest and rangeland research....................          7          1          8         13         14         15          *          1          *
    State and private forestry.......................         28         26         25         27         37         40         56         72         96
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................        204        198        212        171        176        158        197        228        214
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    NOAA: Operations, research, and facilities.......        109        143        139        158        140        151         93        126         49
    NOAA: Coastal zone management....................         31         24  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................        140        167        139        158        140        151         93        126         55
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants...............      2,619      2,889      3,109      2,919      2,514      2,354      2,290      2,389      2,412
    Abatement, control, and compliance(including             246        262        260        290        295        299        341        357        408
     loans)..........................................
    Hazardous substance superfund..........  TF               57         47         49         42         78        120        198        262        154
    Leaking underground storage tank trust   TF        .........  .........  .........  .........          7         24         45         63         64
     fund..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency......      2,921      3,197      3,419      3,251      2,895      2,797      2,874      3,071      3,038
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Mines and minerals...............................        103        144        164        179        195        181        200        197        166
    Bureau of Reclamation loan program account.......  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
    Fish and Wildlife Service........................        155        155        161        119        134        106        141        156        170
    Fish and Wildlife Service (Sport fish    TF        .........  .........         39         85        122        146        179        200        227
     restoration)..........................
    Parks and recreation.............................         39         44          7          4          1          2          2          *          3
    Land acquisition(land and water conservation             166        135         90         80         59         37         27         27         20
     fund)...........................................
    Historic preservation fund.......................         51         29         25         25         25         28         31         34         35
    Miscellaneous expiring appropriations                      *          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     [Departmental Offices]..........................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................        513        506        486        493        537        500        580        614        621
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300.....................................      3,779      4,069      4,255      4,073      3,747      3,606      3,745      4,040      3,929
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 263]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Salaries and expenses [Agricultural Research               8          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     Service]........................................
    Extension activities.............................        330        338        340        319        318        360        364        367        404
    Cooperative State Research Service...............        139        141        260        281        302        343        350        396        219
    AMS payments to States and possessions...........          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
    State mediation grants...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
    Price support and related programs: CCC..........      1,306      1,888      1,281      1,445      1,400        493        403        288        349
    Commodity assistance program.....................         49         50         50         46         49        161        167        168        165
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350.....................................      1,832      2,420      1,932      2,092      2,069      1,359      1,285      1,220      1,142
                                            ============================================================================================================
370 COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT
  Agriculture:
    Miscellaneous expiring appropriations [Rural               *  .........         -*  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     Housing Service]................................
  Commerce:
    Minority business development....................          2          2          2          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
    USTS: Tourism marketing programs.................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
    Promote, develop American fishery products and     .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          3
     research........................................
    Industrial technology services...................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................          2          2          2          1          1  .........  .........  .........          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Emergency assistance to Rhode Island program       .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6
     account.........................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 370.....................................          2          2          2          1          1  .........  .........  .........         11
                                            ============================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Homeland Security:
    Acquisition, construction, and improvements......  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *
    Boat Safety............................  TF               11         12         23         22         31         27         26         35         36
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................         11         12         23         22         31         27         26         35         37
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    WMATA............................................          8         25          7          6          9          3          8          4          1
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-                8         25          7          6          9          3          8          4          1
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (Airport and airway  TF              694        789        853        917        825      1,135      1,220      1,541      1,672
     trust fund)...........................
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)......  TF           10,072     12,434     13,785     12,414     13,665     13,196     13,854     14,124     14,884
    Other Federal fund aid for highways..............        307        254        153         73         64         72         63         48        117
    Other Trust fund aid for highways......  TF               12         12         12         12         23         17         37         38         46
    National motor carrier safety program..  TF                2          9         14         26         47         54         65         62         63
    Highway safety grants..................  TF              129        132        147        124        127        153        152        145        140
    Rail service assistance..........................         34         35         22         22         22         15         14          *          1
    Local rail freight assistance....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          2          6
    Conrail commuter transition assistance...........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          2          2          5          8
    Urban mass transportation grants.......  TF              233        507        633        668        696        849        879      1,054      1,268
    Urban mass transportation grants.................      3,483      2,797      2,666      2,586      2,531      2,649      2,849      2,762      2,309
    Research and special programs (pipeline safety             3          4          4          4          3          4          4          5          6
     and other)......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation.......................     14,969     16,972     18,287     16,845     18,003     18,146     19,140     19,787     20,519
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400.....................................     14,988     17,009     18,318     16,873     18,043     18,176     19,174     19,826     20,556
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 264]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Agriculture:
    Rural community advancement program..............        135        176        178        157        137        128        139        141        167
    Rural Development Insurance Fund Program Account.  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         55
    Rural community fire protection grants...........          3          3          3          3          3          3          3          3          4
    Rural development planning grants................          1          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Rural development loan fund liquidating account..  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          3          2          2          1
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................        139        180        182        160        142        134        144        146        227
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    Economic development assistance programs.........        248        263        253        205        211        184        160        153        141
    Local public works and drought assistance                 10          2          2          1          *         -*          *         -*  .........
     programs........................................
    Regional development programs....................         -1         10          *          *          *          *          *  .........  .........
    Regional development commissions.......  TF                2          *         -*          *  .........         -*         -*         -*  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................        260        275        255        205        211        183        160        153        141
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support................         10         17         10          9          9          9         11         15         22
    Disaster Relief..................................        207        163        288        193        164        123      1,173        482        606
    National Flood Insurance Fund....................  .........  .........          2  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................        216        180        300        201        173        132      1,184        496        629
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Subsidized housing programs......................  .........         15        142        166        180        271  .........  .........  .........
    Planning assistance..............................         -*         -*  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Community development fund.......................      3,819      3,817      3,326      2,967      3,050      2,948      2,818      2,976      3,090
    Urban development action grants..................        454        497        461        354        216        242        209        128         52
    Rental rehabilitation grants.....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4         37         80  .........
    Supplemental assistance for facilities for the     .........  .........  .........  .........          3          6          3          4          3
     homeless........................................
    Urban renewal programs...........................         24         28         13  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Miscellaneous appropriations [Community Planning          -*         -*         -*         -*  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     and Development.................................
    Other assisted housing programs..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        239         88         13
    Public facilities (including Model cities, water           4  .........  .........          7        109          8         -1          2        185
     and sewers).....................................
    New community assistance grants..................          *          1          *  .........          *  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........      4,300      4,357      3,941      3,494      3,557      3,480      3,304      3,278      3,344
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Operation of Indian programs (Area and regional           16         16         11          8         24         21         20         17         58
     development)....................................
    Payment to White Earth economic development fund.  .........  .........  .........          7          *  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Indian direct loan program account...............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
    Indian guaranteed loan program account...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................         16         16         11         14         24         21         20         17         60
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Appalachian regional development programs........        209        198        154        141        141        104        124        157        125
    Payment to Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation.         16         16         18         19         19         19         27         26         15
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              225        213        172        160        160        124        151        183        139
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450.....................................      5,157      5,221      4,861      4,235      4,266      4,074      4,965      4,273      4,539
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 265]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL
 SERVICES
  Commerce:
    Job opportunities program........................          1          *          *          *          *          *  .........  .........  .........
    Public telecommunications facilities, planning            17         19         18         22         20         18         23         20  .........
     and construction................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce.............................         18         19         18         22         20         18         23         20  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Education:
    Indian education.................................         67         78         59         37         18         60         63         59         63
    Impact aid.......................................        567        629        678        695        694        735        799        747        785
    Chicago litigation settlement....................  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          6         10         10         13
    Education for the disadvantaged..................      3,067      4,194      3,392      3,199      4,016      4,165      4,437      5,193      6,129
    School improvement programs......................        570        479        575        785        384        846      1,080      1,243      1,361
    English language acquisition.....................        112        111         98        103        130        132        152        148        160
    Special education................................        791        928      1,596      1,159      1,355      1,771      1,485      2,006      2,067
    Rehabilitation services and disability research..      1,301        733      1,198      1,280      1,409      1,490      1,623      1,751      1,835
    Special institutions for the handicapped.........          4          4          3          6          5          7          6          8          5
    Promotion of education for the blind...  TF        .........          *         -*          *          *          *          *  .........  .........
    Career, technical and adult education............        719        633      1,008      1,225      1,261        824      1,287      1,038      1,020
    Higher education (including college housing        .........         14          6         15         21         21         25         19         23
     loans)..........................................
    Institute of education sciences..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4
    ***Student financial assistance..................         70         76         82         66         68         68         73         60         73
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education............................      7,266      7,881      8,696      8,571      9,360     10,125     11,040     12,283     13,538
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    State legalization impact assistance grants......  .........  .........  .........  .........          9        321        544        825        501
    Job opportunities and basic skills training              259        274        227        137         90         86        265        546        594
     program.........................................
    Social services block grant......................      2,789      2,743      2,671      2,688      2,666      2,671      2,749      2,822      2,708
    Children and families services programs..........      2,070      2,179      2,181      2,132      2,406      2,954      2,618      3,340      4,064
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............      5,118      5,196      5,079      4,956      5,171      6,031      6,175      7,534      7,866
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Indian education.................................          5          2         22         23  .........  .........  .........  .........         41
  Labor:
    Temporary employment assistance..................        -15        -18  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Training and employment services.................      2,555      2,775      3,019      2,929      2,958      3,020      3,042      2,985      3,388
    Community service employment for older Americans.         59         70         71         68         62         68         76         79         88
    State unemployment insurance and employment               16        -27         25         38         29        -22         23        -25        -38
     service operations..............................
    Federal unemployment benefits and allowances.....  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         17          3         51         65
    Unemployment trust fund................  TF              763        918        932        901        950        995      1,009      1,045      1,023
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................      3,378      3,719      4,046      3,936      3,998      4,078      4,152      4,135      4,526
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Payment to the Henry M. Jackson Foundation.......  .........  .........  .........         10  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Community services program (Social services).....        -12         -1         -2         -3         -*         -1         -1  .........  .........
    Corporation for Public Broadcasting..............        138        150        160        200        214        228        229        299         84
    National Endowments for the Arts: grants.........         26         30         36         31         32         33         30         38         37
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and         84         84        104        127         99        136        132        137        197
     administration..................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              236        262        298        356        345        396        391        474        318
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500.....................................     16,020     17,080     18,158     17,874     18,894     20,649     21,780     24,445     26,289
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 266]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 HEALTH
  Agriculture:
    Food safety and inspection.......................         32         33         33         34         35         36         36         38         39
  Health and Human Services:
    Disease control (Preventive health)..............        154        162        164        182        213        230        299        281        343
    Health activities funds..........................  .........  .........  .........  .........         27          3  .........  .........  .........
    ***Health Resources and Services.................      1,025      1,037      1,078      1,128      1,079      1,085      1,141      1,112      1,359
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services....        501        501        494        622        720        666      1,241      1,744      1,778
    ***Grants to States for Medicaid.................     20,061     22,655     24,995     27,435     30,462     34,604     41,103     52,533     67,827
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............     21,741     24,356     26,731     29,368     32,500     36,588     43,784     55,670     71,307
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Occupational and mine safety.....................         64         62         59         65         51         55         70         75         70
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550.....................................     21,837     24,451     26,823     29,466     32,586     36,679     43,890     55,783     71,416
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 267]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Funds for strengthening markets, income, and          408        467        351        381        373        445        368        439        543
     supply (section 32).............................
    ***Rural housing assistance grants...............         11          3         17         19         26         31         28         23         27
    ***Mutual and self-help housing grants...........          8          8          7          6          7          7          8  .........  .........
    ***Food stamp program............................      1,547      1,710      1,792      1,959      1,993      2,075      2,130      2,371      2,607
    ***Commodity donations/assistance programs.......        202        210        219        220        243        282        320        317        340
    ***Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP)..      1,365      1,495      1,577      1,669      1,801      1,940      2,119      2,275      2,542
    ***Child nutrition programs......................      3,361      3,480      3,678      3,922      4,158      4,455      4,871      5,418      5,993
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................      6,901      7,372      7,642      8,178      8,601      9,237      9,844     10,843     12,051
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Program administration...........................  .........  .........          6          3         10          4          4  .........  .........
    Family support payments to States................        487        577  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Payments to States from receipts for child                 *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
     support.........................................
    ***Family support payments to States.............      8,311      8,592      9,877     10,540     10,764     11,166     12,246     13,520     15,103
    ***Low income home energy assistance.............      2,024      2,139      2,046      1,829      1,585      1,393      1,314      1,742      1,142
    ***Refugee and entrant assistance................        585        420        422        374        312        370        391        228        304
    ***Payments to States for foster care and                648        738        794        783        988      1,338      1,579      2,120      2,505
     adoption assistance.............................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services............     12,057     12,466     13,145     13,529     13,660     14,271     15,534     17,611     19,055
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    ***Emergency food and shelter....................         58         69         89        114        120        125        132        133        135
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Home investment partnership program..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          3
    Section 8 moderate rehabilitation, single room     .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *          1
     occupancy.......................................
    ***Public housing operating fund.................      1,135      1,205      1,181      1,388      1,489      1,519      1,759      2,004      2,162
    ***Subsidized housing programs...................      4,611      5,197      5,221      4,588      5,880      6,154      7,216      8,007      9,706
    ***Drug elimination grants for low-income housing  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          *         37
    ***Low-rent public housing--loans and other        .........  .........      1,012      1,393      1,210        773        458        313        207
     expenses........................................
    ***Emergency shelter grants program..............  .........  .........  .........          2         23         42         46         60         71
    ***Transitional housing program..................  .........  .........  .........  .........         11         22         33         56         69
    ***Congregate services...........................          4          5          4          4          5          5          5          4          5
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development........      5,750      6,407      7,418      7,375      8,618      8,515      9,516     10,444     12,262
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    State unemployment insurance and employment                4  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     service operations..............................
    Unemployment trust fund (administrative  TF            1,548      1,576      1,570      1,560      1,610      1,714      1,742      1,954      2,488
     expenses).............................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor................................      1,552      1,576      1,570      1,560      1,610      1,714      1,742      1,954      2,488
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Social Security Administration(On-budget):
    ***Supplemental security income program..........          8  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Social Security Administration (On-            8  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600.....................................     26,326     27,890     29,864     30,755     32,608     33,861     36,768     40,984     45,991
                                            ============================================================================================================
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    Medical services.................................          6          7          5          *         -*          *  .........  .........  .........
    Grants for the construction of State veterans              1          1          4          1          *          2          3          3          9
     cemeteries......................................
    ***Medical services..............................         54         63         65         67         78         83         92         99        114
    ***Grants for construction of State extended care          5         20         17         26         28         41         38         39         41
     facilities......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700.....................................         66         91         90         95        106        127        134        141        164
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 268]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  Homeland Security:
    Payments to the Government of Puerto Rico........  .........  .........  .........          8          8  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security....................  .........  .........  .........          8          8  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Fair housing activities..........................          6          5          5          6          8          7          5         11         12
  Justice:
    Assets forfeiture fund...........................  .........  .........         17         47         77        156        177        267        200
    Prisons..........................................          3          6          7          3          3          3          3          3          3
    Justice assistance...............................         40         64         89        148        239        235        244        397        505
    Crime victims fund...............................  .........  .........         11         49         58         76         85        105        141
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Justice..............................         44         69        124        248        377        469        508        772        849
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission..........         19         20         21         20         20         20         20         24         24
    State Justice Institute: salaries and expenses...  .........  .........  .........          *          3          8         10         13         11
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-               19         20         21         20         23         28         30         38         35
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Treasury forfeiture fund.........................  .........  .........          5          6         11         17         30        119         92
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 750.....................................         69         95        155        288        427        520        574        940        987
                                            ============================================================================================================
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues..................        203        236        399        303        305        362        369        330        338
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture..........................        203        236        399        303        305        362        369        330        338
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Payments to States under Federal Power Act.......          *          1          *          1          2          2          2          3          2
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues...........         77        105        100         97        116        129        101        111         93
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues....................         68        146         31         89         86        128        231         95        144
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral           736        539        423        375        396        432        451        480        432
     Leasing Act.....................................
    Assistance to territories........................         67         76         77         52         70         69         78         69         74
    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands...........        104        106         93         38         35         46         38         22         29
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal         65         53         78         71         71         80         74         64         90
     assistance......................................
    Payments in lieu of taxes........................        104        103        100        105        103        104        103        100        101
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior.............................      1,145      1,023        802        731        762        860        976        830        870
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Office of Personnel Management:
    Intergovernmental personnel assistance...........         -*  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues..............          6          7          7          7          5          5          6          7          6
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Commission on National and Community Service.....  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          3
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia.....        486        548        530        560        550        538        578        671        691
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-              486        548        530        560        550        538        578        671        694
       budget).......................................
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    General revenue sharing trust fund.....  TF            4,567      4,584      5,114         76         -*          *  .........  .........  .........
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico.....        365        336        205        225        210        308        277        272        271
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury.............................      4,932      4,919      5,319        301        210        308        277        272        271
                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800.....................................      6,849      6,838      7,159      2,000      1,950      2,204      2,309      2,224      2,274
                                            ============================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants............................     97,553    105,852    112,331    108,400    115,342    121,928    135,325    154,519    178,065
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 269]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Defense--Military:
    Operation and maintenance, Defense-wide.....................  .........         63  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Research, development, test, and evaluation, Army...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2
    Military construction, Army National Guard..................         53         10          4         15  .........          5  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Defense--Military...............................         53         73          4         15  .........          5  .........          2
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support...........................         99         96         64         23  .........          7          1  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050................................................        152        169         68         38  .........         12          1          2
                                                 =======================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Energy:
    Energy supply and conservation..............................        223        218        240        225        168        160        158        124
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Assistance for solar and conservation improvements..........          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund.............................        237        248        252        256        272        264        304        309
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270................................................        460        466        492        481        440        424        462        433
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 270]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Resource conservation and development.......................          8          1          5          3          2          1          1          1
    Watershed and flood prevention operations...................        128        187        244        228        174         63         52         66
    Rural community advancement program.........................          3          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Forest and rangeland research...............................          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    State and private forestry..................................         85         78        103         81        101         96         90         98
    Management of national forest lands for subsistence uses....  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................        224        269        352        312        277        160        143        166
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    NOAA: Operations, research, and facilities..................         59         53         14         26          2         70         91         91
    Pacific coastal salmon recovery.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
    NOAA: Coastal zone management...............................          4          9         -3          1          5  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................         64         62         11         27          7         70         91         92
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants..........................      2,109      1,962      2,455      2,573      2,719      2,597      2,745      3,192
    Abatement, control, and compliance(including loans).........        496        484        241          4  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Hazardous substance superfund...............  TF                    187        189        153        140        135         95        156        240
    Leaking underground storage tank trust fund.  TF                     59         65         63         62         53         54         59         58
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency.................      2,852      2,700      2,912      2,779      2,907      2,746      2,960      3,490
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous permanent payment accounts [Bureau of Land      .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         50          2
     Managem....................................................
    National forests fund, Payment to States....................          2          2          2          3          4          3          3          3
    Leases of lands for flood control, navigation, etc..........          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
    Mines and minerals..........................................        170        203        191        193        233        238        204        206
    Bureau of Reclamation loan program account..................          2          5          6         13         10         19          9         10
    Fish and Wildlife Service...................................        181        190        199        228        232        225        224        248
    Fish and Wildlife Service (Sport fish         TF                    231        218        237        219        230        251        257        285
     restoration)...............................
    Parks and recreation........................................          7          7          4          4          2          1  .........          2
    Land acquisition(land and water conservation fund)..........         24         30         23          2         20  .........  .........          7
    Historic preservation fund..................................         37         39         47         41         40         40         37         52
    Everglades watershed protection.............................  .........  .........  .........  .........         35          4        119         25
    Everglades restoration account..............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior........................................        656        696        710        704        807        782        904        842
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Payment to terrestrial wildlife habitat restoration trust     .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5          5
     fund.......................................................
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300................................................      3,796      3,727      3,985      3,822      3,998      3,758      4,103      4,595
                                                 =======================================================================================================
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Fund for rural America......................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6         12         11
    Extension activities........................................        404        436        435        403        420        413        407        437
    Outreach for socially disadvantaged farmers.................  .........  .........          1          3          2          1          4          4
    Cooperative State Research Service..........................        213        225        225        223        207        219        206        224
    AMS payments to States and possessions......................          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
    State mediation grants......................................          3          3          3          2          3          3          2          3
    Price support and related programs: CCC.....................        281        149        115          9          1         25         27         44
    Agricultural resource conservation demonstration program              9          4  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     account....................................................
    Commodity assistance program................................        163        119  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    P.L. 102-552 Temporary Assistance...........................         42  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350................................................      1,117        937        780        641        634        668        659        724
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 271]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT
  Commerce:
    Miscellaneous appropriations................................  .........          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    USTS: Tourism marketing programs............................          3          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Promote, develop American fishery products and research.....          3          4          2          4          5          9          5          3
    Industrial technology services..............................          *          1          3          4          4  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................          6          8          5          8          9          9          5          3
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Universal service fund......................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        805      1,215
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 370................................................          6          8          5          8          9          9        810      1,218
                                                 =======================================================================================================
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Homeland Security:
    Port safety development.....................................  .........  .........  .........         15          5  .........  .........  .........
    Acquisition, construction, and improvements.................          *          1          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Boat Safety.................................  TF                     37         39         62         40         26         32         21          9
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security...............................         38         40         63         56         31         32         21          9
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    WMATA.......................................................          1  .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........          1  .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (Airport and airway       TF                  1,931      1,620      1,859      1,655      1,489      1,511      1,565      1,624
     trust fund)................................
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)...........  TF                 15,895     18,139     18,945     19,366     20,304     19,791     22,590     24,711
    Other Federal fund aid for highways.........................        236        233        198        237        181        248        167        253
    Other Trust fund aid for highways...........  TF                     74         85        102         85         56         46         40         42
    National motor carrier safety program.......  TF                     62         59         66         73         78         73         87         99
    Highway safety grants.......................  TF                    142        151        164        151        151        149        181        182
    Emergency railroad rehabilitation and repair................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         14          6          3
    Alameda corridor direct loan financing program..............  .........  .........  .........  .........         21         21         18  .........
    Rail service assistance.....................................          5          4          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Local rail freight assistance...............................          7         23         16         13          7          4          3          1
    Alaska railroad rehabilitation..............................  .........  .........  .........          9          8          9         11         11
    Railroad research and development...........................  .........  .........          2  .........          1          1          1          1
    Conrail commuter transition assistance......................          7          1          1          2          2          5          5          3
    Northeast corridor improvement program......................  .........  .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Urban mass transportation grants............  TF                  1,298      1,652      2,025      2,224      2,002      1,875      1,524      1,200
    Urban mass transportation grants............................      2,587      1,615      2,328      2,067      2,497      2,346      2,664      4,062
    Research and special programs (pipeline safety and other)...          7          5         10         11         12         13         15         13
    Emergency preparedness grants...............................          *          5          5          6          6          6          6          8
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation..................................     22,253     23,593     25,724     25,900     26,815     26,112     28,883     32,213
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400................................................     22,292     23,633     25,787     25,957     26,846     26,144     28,904     32,222
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 272]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Agriculture:
    Rural community advancement program.........................        219        297        333        600        627        569        529        479
    Distance learning, telemedicine, and broadband program......  .........          1          6         10          3          8          9          7
    Rural Development Insurance Fund Program Account............         85        103        150  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Rural community fire protection grants......................          3          3          3          3          2          3          2  .........
    Rural cooperative development grants........................  .........  .........  .........          2          2          2          3          4
    Rural development loan fund liquidating account.............         -*  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Southeast Alaska economic disaster fund.....................  .........  .........  .........         23         47         20         20         10
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................        307        404        492        638        681        602        563        500
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    Economic development assistance programs....................        130        204        322        394        400        364        355        356
    Regional development commissions............  TF                      *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................        131        204        322        394        400        364        355        356
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support...........................         17         16         79        111        108        147         73        192
    Mitigation grants...........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4          8         13
    Disaster Relief.............................................      1,821      3,182      1,693      1,786      2,041      1,598      3,184      2,234
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security...............................      1,837      3,198      1,772      1,897      2,149      1,749      3,265      2,439
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Community development fund..................................      3,198      3,651      4,333      4,545      4,517      4,621      4,804      4,955
    Urban development action grants.............................         51         33         20         27         30          6         18         10
    Supplemental assistance for facilities for the homeless.....          5          7          8          5          2  .........  .........  .........
    Community development loan guarantees program account.......  .........  .........  .........          1          3          6          9          7
    National cities in schools development program..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4          5
    Brownfields redevelopment...................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4
    Empowerment zones/enterprise communities/renewal communities  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1          3          7
    Other assisted housing programs.............................          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Public facilities (including Model cities, water and sewers)        -86  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Lead hazard reduction.......................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2         95
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development...................      3,169      3,691      4,361      4,578      4,552      4,634      4,840      5,083
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Operation of Indian programs (Area and regional development)         66         91         91        102        110        121        132        119
    Indian direct loan program account..........................          2          2          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Indian guaranteed loan program account......................          4          3          9         11         33          3          4          5
    King Cove road and airstrip.................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         35  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior........................................         73         96        101        113        143        124        171        124
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Appalachian regional development programs...................        138        181        182        230        236        180        136        125
    Payment to Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation............         11         14  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Denali Commission...........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1         38
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........        149        195        182        230        236        180        137        163
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    United States community adjustment and investment program...  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450................................................      5,666      7,789      7,230      7,850      8,161      7,653      9,332      8,665
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 273]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL SERVICES
  Commerce:
    Public telecommunications facilities, planning and                   12         11         15         23         17         19         14         12
     construction...............................................
    Information infrastructure grants...........................  .........  .........          9         24         28         20          7          8
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................         12         11         24         47         45         39         21         20
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Education:
    Reading excellence..........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         27
    Indian education............................................         91         70         69         75         51         50         56         64
    Impact aid..................................................        468        797        803        945        651        724      1,076        875
    Chicago litigation settlement...............................         15         10          6          1  .........          2          2          2
    Education reform............................................  .........          2         60        265        427        731        792        965
    Education for the disadvantaged.............................      6,582      6,819      6,785      7,006      7,187      7,800      7,534      8,511
    School improvement programs.................................      1,903      1,358      1,288      1,140      1,187      1,260      1,255      2,394
    English language acquisition................................        101        176        189        160        171        204        284        319
    Special education...........................................      2,356      2,748      2,938      2,991      3,067      3,425      4,251      4,696
    Rehabilitation services and disability research.............      1,804      2,031      2,113      2,194      2,243      2,268      2,623      2,567
    Special institutions for the handicapped....................          8          6          7          5          7          7          8          9
    Career, technical and adult education.......................      1,133      1,292      1,449      1,323      1,382      1,425      1,338      1,448
    Higher education (including college housing loans)..........         30         30         35         29         32         39         42        152
    Institute of education sciences.............................         29         33         22         16         44        141         74        166
    ***Student financial assistance.............................         89         81         82         79         43         51         23         24
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education.......................................     14,609     15,452     15,846     16,229     16,492     18,127     19,358     22,219
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    State legalization impact assistance grants.................        317        651        358         -2         -5         -4         -1  .........
    Job opportunities and basic skills training program.........        736        839        953        931        445         48          9         15
    Promoting safe and stable families..........................  .........          1         38        126        216        214        246        242
    Social services block grant.................................      2,785      2,728      2,797      2,484      2,571      2,437      1,993      1,827
    Children and families services programs.....................      3,614      3,998      4,463      4,494      4,876      5,054      5,421      5,843
    ***Aging services programs..................................        567        859        951        818        828        830        879        884
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services.......................      8,018      9,076      9,560      8,851      8,931      8,579      8,547      8,811
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Indian education............................................         43         90         88         96         90         93         92         50
  Labor:
    Training and employment services............................      3,245      3,310      3,620      3,231      3,324      3,399      3,436      2,957
    Community service employment for older Americans............         84         85         77        101         88        101         97         99
    Welfare to work jobs........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         16        267        527
    State unemployment insurance and employment service                  23        246         34         96        105        219         45        225
     operations.................................................
    Federal unemployment benefits and allowances................         77         74        103         99        120         95        100        133
    Unemployment trust fund.....................  TF                  1,077      1,036      1,080      1,082      1,032        958      1,026        961
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor...........................................      4,507      4,751      4,914      4,609      4,669      4,788      4,971      4,902
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Corporation for Public Broadcasting.........................         84         92         95         92         87         83        150        190
    National Endowments for the Arts: grants....................         43         47         45         38         28         27         30         31
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and                   164        129        117        161        138        126        134        158
     administration.............................................
    Domestic volunteer service programs, operating expenses.....         43         54        140        115        143        134        152         70
    National and community service programs, operating expenses.  .........         12         52        105         65         55         55        204
    ***Federal payment for resident tuition support.............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         17
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........        334        334        449        511        461        425        521        670
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500................................................     27,524     29,714     30,881     30,343     30,688     32,051     33,510     36,672
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 274]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 HEALTH
  Agriculture:
    Food safety and inspection..................................         36         39         41         41         42         41         44         43
  Health and Human Services:
    Salaries and expenses [Food and Drug Administration]........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1
    Disease control (Preventive health).........................        355        522        521        701        596        643      1,571      1,611
    ***Health Resources and Services............................      1,438      1,465      1,435      2,762      1,080      1,591      1,448      2,028
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services...............      1,994      2,132      2,444      2,083      1,622      2,236      2,214      1,931
    ***Grants to States for Medicaid............................     75,774     82,034     89,070     91,990     95,552    101,234    108,042    117,921
    ***State children's health insurance fund...................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5        565      1,220
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services.......................     79,562     86,152     93,470     97,536     98,850    105,709    113,840    124,712
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Occupational and mine safety................................         66         74         76         73         82         83         85         88
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550................................................     79,665     86,265     93,587     97,650     98,974    105,833    113,969    124,843
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 275]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    Rural housing assistance grants.............................  .........          *  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........
    ***Funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply              400        451        480        435        534        497        816        523
     (section 32)...............................................
    ***Rural housing assistance grants..........................         26         18         18         26  .........  .........  .........  .........
    ***Food stamp program.......................................      2,611      2,688      2,740      3,030      3,122      3,673      3,362      3,508
    ***Commodity donations/assistance programs..................        325        335        403        301        319        264        280        269
    ***Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).............      2,842      3,155      3,401      3,676      3,863      3,901      3,942      3,950
    ***Child nutrition programs.................................      6,589      6,938      7,387      7,757      8,141      8,436      8,740      9,060
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................     12,794     13,585     14,429     15,226     15,979     16,771     17,140     17,310
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Children's research and technical assistance................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          1  .........  .........
    Payments to States from receipts for child support..........          *          *  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    ***Family support payments to States........................     15,628     16,508     17,133     16,670      5,345      2,171      2,756      2,906
    ***Low income home energy assistance........................      1,067      2,125      1,419      1,067      1,221      1,132      1,176      1,495
    ***Refugee and entrant assistance...........................        327        333        346        319        277        294        236        280
    ***Payments to States for the child care and development            411        786        933        933        909      1,092      1,029      1,065
     block grants...............................................
    ***Contingency fund.........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2  .........  .........
    ***Payments to States for foster care and adoption                2,636      3,030      3,244      3,691      4,047      4,451      4,707      5,453
     assistance.................................................
    ***Child care entitlement to States.........................  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,398      2,028      2,254      2,237
    ***Temporary assistance for needy families..................  .........  .........  .........  .........      9,726     13,284     14,161     15,464
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services.......................     20,069     22,783     23,075     22,680     22,923     24,455     26,319     28,900
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    ***Emergency food and shelter...............................        129        130        130        100        100        100        100        110
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Preserving existing housing investment......................  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,483  .........  .........  .........
    Native American housing block grant.........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        453        597        643
    Section 8 reserve preservation account......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        429  .........
    Homeless assistance grants..................................  .........  .........         12        186        319        463        643        885
    Home investment partnership program.........................        212        782      1,179      1,206      1,211      1,286      1,347      1,479
    Youthbuild program..........................................  .........          *         20         41         32          9          2          1
    Innovative homeless initiatives demonstration program.......  .........          4         17         20         21         19          9  .........
    Housing opportunities for persons with AIDS.................  .........  .........  .........  .........        130        200        211        215
    Rural housing and economic development......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          8
    Section 8 moderate rehabilitation, single room occupancy....          3          8         17         21         25         29         31  .........
    Housing for the elderly.....................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        824        761        720
    ***Public housing operating fund............................      2,453      2,584      2,762      2,688      1,530      3,116      2,876      2,836
    ***Subsidized housing programs..............................     10,899     12,011     13,903     11,939     12,142      3,874      7,364  .........
    ***Drug elimination grants for low-income housing...........        116        160        178        259        291        281        283        288
    ***Revitalization of severely distressed public housing       .........          1         31        110        205        237        321        379
     (HOPE VI)..................................................
    ***Public housing capital fund..............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      3,321      3,080      3,690
    ***Housing certificate fund.................................  .........  .........  .........  .........         51      5,315      4,715      8,803
    ***Low-rent public housing--loans and other expenses........        213  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    ***Emergency shelter grants program.........................         71         63         84         30          4          1  .........  .........
    ***Transitional housing program.............................         91        102        115        148        159        133         63  .........
    ***Shelter plus care........................................          1          5         17         43         58         71         75  .........
    ***Congregate services......................................          5          6          6          8          7          7          5          2
    ***HOPE grants..............................................         35         65         75         63         49         29         18         25
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development...................     14,100     15,791     18,416     16,762     17,717     19,668     22,830     19,974
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Unemployment trust fund (administrative       TF                  2,536      2,273      2,316      2,298      2,293      2,327      2,496      2,359
     expenses)..................................
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor...........................................      2,536      2,273      2,316      2,298      2,293      2,327      2,496      2,359
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600................................................     49,628     54,562     58,366     57,066     59,012     63,321     68,885     68,653
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 276]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 SOCIAL SECURITY
  Social Security Administration(Off-budget):
    Disability Insurance trust fund.............  TF              .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 650................................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          6
                                                 =======================================================================================================
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    Grants for the construction of State veterans cemeteries....          5          2          3          2          6          3          4         12
    ***Medical services.........................................        129        153        186        207        230        235        273        318
    ***Grants for construction of State extended care facilities         56         45         64         57         41         50         40        104
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700................................................        189        199        253        266        277        288        317        434
                                                 =======================================================================================================
750 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  Health and Human Services:
    Violent crime reduction programs............................  .........  .........  .........         10         10         34         64         97
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Fair housing activities.....................................          9         11         27         32         28         24         31         33
  Justice:
    Assets forfeiture fund......................................        193        214        224        155        163        179        240        220
    BATF&E......................................................  .........  .........          3          7  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Prisons.....................................................          1          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Weed and seed program fund..................................         12  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Justice assistance..........................................        545        546        571        222        217         68         28         65
    State and local law enforcement assistance..................  .........  .........         19        137        257        414        310        475
    Juvenile justice programs...................................  .........  .........          7         52         74        135        127        177
    Community oriented policing services........................  .........  .........         45        313        616        968      1,161      1,390
    Crime victims fund..........................................        125        124        137        143        223        252        341        386
    Violent crime reduction programs, State and local law         .........  .........         74        391      1,172      1,477      2,266      2,049
     enforcement................................................
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Justice.........................................        876        887      1,080      1,420      2,722      3,493      4,473      4,762
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    High-intensity drug trafficking areas program...............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        130        143
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.....................         25         26         26         23         25         16         28         46
    State Justice Institute: salaries and expenses..............         11          9         12          8          6          6          8          8
    Ounce of prevention council.................................  .........  .........  .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........
    Payment to DC Court Services and Offender Supervisory Agency  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         57         66
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         36         36         38         31         32         22        223        263
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Treasury forfeiture fund....................................         66         58         77         54         53         85        132        108
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 750................................................        987        992      1,222      1,547      2,845      3,658      4,923      5,263
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 277]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Payments to States, northern spotted owl guarantee..........  .........  .........  .........  .........        135        130        125  .........
    Forest Service: shared revenues.............................        309         94        320        277        125        100        109        213
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................        309         94        320        277        260        230        234        213
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Payments to States under Federal Power Act..................          2          2          3          2          3          3          3          3
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues......................        102        170        135        110        107        110         97         90
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues...............................         93         55        183         95        143         91         87        124
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral Leasing Act..        463        520        474        454        565        546        478        691
    Assistance to territories...................................         26         76         60         58         67         69         75         74
    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands......................         26         23         23          7          6          3          3          2
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal assistance         97        102         83         81         81         80        109        147
    Payments in lieu of taxes...................................        103        100        101        113        114        120        125        133
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior........................................        809        876        924        808        976        909        877      1,171
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues.........................          6          5          5          6          6          7         12         17
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Commission on National and Community Service................          8         89         28          6  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia................        698        698        714        712        719        820        553        353
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........        706        787        742        718        719        820        553        353
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico................        197        201        206        221        205        230        235        297
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury........................................        197        201        206        221        205        230        235        297
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800................................................      2,131      2,135      2,335      2,142      2,276      2,309      2,011      2,144
                                                 =======================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants.......................................    193,612    210,596    224,991    227,811    234,160    246,128    267,886    285,874
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 278]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 NATIONAL DEFENSE
  Defense--Military:
    Research, development, test, and evaluation, Army...........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          2          2          2
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Defense--Military...............................  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          2          2          2
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    Operations, Planning, and Support...........................         47         91  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 050................................................         47         91  .........  .........          2          2          2          2
                                                 =======================================================================================================
270 ENERGY
  Energy:
    Energy supply and conservation..............................        177        200        260        270        271        275        215        200
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Tennessee Valley Authority fund.............................        315        328        329        338        365        376        439        449
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 270................................................        492        528        589        608        636        651        654        649
                                                 =======================================================================================================
300 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
  Agriculture:
    Grassroots source water protection program..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4          4  .........
    Watershed rehabilitation program............................  .........          1  .........  .........          2          2          2          2
    Resource conservation and development.......................          1          1          1          1          1          1          1          1
    Watershed and flood prevention operations...................         66         59         47         42         61        133        141         81
    State and private forestry..................................        131        148        154        277        321        339        326        290
    Management of national forest lands for subsistence uses....          6          5          5          6          6          5          7          5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................        204        214        207        326        391        484        481        379
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    NOAA: Operations, research, and facilities..................          3        104         83         62         57         35         31         40
    Pacific coastal salmon recovery.............................         35         71        107         83         77         80         65         67
    Procurement, acquisition and construction...................  .........  .........  .........         52        110         61          1         11
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................         38        175        190        197        244        176         97        118
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Environmental Protection Agency:
    State and tribal assistance grants..........................      3,548      3,353      3,684      3,905      3,583      3,874      3,634      3,381
    Hazardous substance superfund...............  TF                    141        170        177         51         92         38         25         25
    Leaking underground storage tank trust fund.  TF                     61         65         56         62         59         54         53         54
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Environmental Protection Agency.................      3,750      3,588      3,917      4,018      3,734      3,966      3,712      3,460
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous permanent payment accounts [Bureau of Land              7        209        251        278        250        138         46         49
     Managem....................................................
    National forests fund, Payment to States....................          4          3          3          4          8          9          6          8
    Leases of lands for flood control, navigation, etc..........          2          1          1          1          5          5          3          3
    Coastal impact assistance...................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        250        250
    Mines and minerals..........................................        197        212        258        232        242        244        216        241
    Bureau of Reclamation loan program account..................         13          4          2          3         21          2          4  .........
    Fish and Wildlife Service...................................        296        271        335        381        405        422        464        495
    Fish and Wildlife Service (Sport fish         TF                    291        291        320        318        331        365        376        410
     restoration)...............................
    Parks and recreation........................................          2         33         48         74         77         73         61         53
    Land acquisition(land and water conservation fund)..........         10         33         15         95         80        107         83         60
    Historic preservation fund..................................         55         41         39         70         64         66         77         79
    Everglades watershed protection.............................          6          5  .........          6  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Everglades restoration account..............................          2  .........          2          1          1  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior........................................        885      1,103      1,274      1,463      1,484      1,431      1,586      1,648
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Payment to terrestrial wildlife habitat restoration trust             5          5          5          5          5          5          5          5
     fund.......................................................
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 300................................................      4,882      5,085      5,593      6,009      5,858      6,062      5,881      5,610
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 279]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 AGRICULTURE
  Agriculture:
    Fund for rural America......................................         11          4          8          7          4          1  .........  .........
    Extension activities........................................        448        432        418        421        440        423        443        496
    Outreach for socially disadvantaged farmers.................          2          3          3          4          5          6          6          7
    Cooperative State Research Service..........................        232        239        237        242        241        241        256        249
    Integrated activities.......................................          3          7         10         22         23         23         27         26
    AMS payments to States and possessions......................          1          1          1          1          7          5          1          1
    State mediation grants......................................          2          3          3          4          4          4          4          5
    Price support and related programs: CCC.....................         56         61        120        294        209         46         41         40
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 350................................................        755        750        800        995        933        749        778        824
                                                 =======================================================================================================
370 COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT
  Commerce:
    Promote, develop American fishery products and research.....          6          2          3         23         23         12          9          6
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................          6          2          3         23         23         12          9          6
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Universal service fund......................................      1,331      1,317      1,151      1,143      1,341      1,462      1,977      1,760
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 370................................................      1,337      1,319      1,154      1,166      1,364      1,474      1,986      1,766
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 280]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 TRANSPORTATION
  Homeland Security:
    Surface transportation security.............................  .........  .........  .........        173  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Boat Safety.................................  TF                      1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security...............................          1  .........  .........        173  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Contribution to United States-Canada Alaska Rail Commission.  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          2  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          2  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Transportation:
    Grants for airports (Airport and airway       TF                  2,017      2,860      2,681      2,958      3,530      3,841      3,821      3,711
     trust fund)................................
    Federal-aid highways (trust fund)...........  TF                 27,075     29,833     29,960     29,791     30,915     32,703     33,083     36,857
    Other Federal fund aid for highways.........................        144         93        182        230        322      1,132      1,694        755
    Other Trust fund aid for highways...........  TF                     80        304        347        301        228        145        140         11
    National motor carrier safety program.......  TF                    110        152        155  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Motor carrier safety........................  TF              .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Motor Carrier Safety Grants.................  TF              .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         74        271        284
    Border enforcement program..................  TF              .........          1          3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Highway safety grants.......................  TF                    196        218        199        194        205        263        534        580
    Emergency railroad rehabilitation and repair................          4  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Local rail freight assistance...............................          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Alaska railroad rehabilitation..............................         28         41         20         20         35         20         11          6
    Railroad research and development...........................          2          1          2  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Conrail commuter transition assistance......................          2          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Urban mass transportation grants............  TF                    722        495        293        161        119      1,955      4,127      5,799
    Urban mass transportation grants............................      6,241      6,967      7,155      7,616      7,995      6,529      5,921      4,477
    Research and special programs (pipeline safety and other)...         14         19         19         15         19         19         23         24
    Emergency preparedness grants...............................         10         12         12         12  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation..................................     36,646     40,998     41,029     41,298     43,368     46,681     49,625     52,504
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 400................................................     36,647     40,998     41,029     41,471     43,370     46,683     49,625     52,504
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 281]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  Agriculture:
    Rural community advancement program.........................        803        740        800        797        814        773        726  .........
    Distance learning, telemedicine, and broadband program......         10         19         22         41         14         14         13         15
    Rural water and waste disposal program account..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        485
    Rural community facility program account....................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         74
    Rural cooperative development grants........................          3         18         29  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Rural business and industry program account.................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         71
    Southeast Alaska economic disaster fund.....................          7          7  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................        823        784        851        838        828        787        739        645
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Commerce:
    Economic development assistance programs....................        356        355        375        337        332        284        314        295
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................        356        355        375        337        332        284        314        295
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    State and local programs....................................  .........  .........        550      1,535      2,116      2,601      1,956      2,128
    Firefighter assistance grants...............................  .........  .........         31        508      1,185        228        565        639
    Operations, Planning, and Support...........................        263        218  .........        387        132  .........  .........  .........
    Mitigation grants...........................................         13         18         21         23         39         34         98  .........
    Disaster Relief.............................................      2,734      3,220      7,259      3,037     10,069     11,868      6,895      4,302
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security...............................      3,010      3,456      7,861      5,490     13,541     14,731      9,514      7,069
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Moving to work..............................................          3          1          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Community development fund..................................      4,939      5,429      5,569      5,388      4,985      5,012      7,828      7,999
    Urban development action grants.............................          1          6         16          1          2  .........          2          2
    Community development loan guarantees program account.......          7          6          7         33          6         11         16          5
    Brownfields redevelopment...................................          4          5         13         10         12         18         22         28
    Empowerment zones/enterprise communities/renewal communities         31         57         60         48         48         39         35         30
    Lead hazard reduction.......................................         86         95         91        113        133        120        141        154
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development...................      5,071      5,599      5,757      5,593      5,186      5,200      8,044      8,218
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Operation of Indian programs (Area and regional development)        123        213        146        245        150        148        146        147
    Indian direct loan program account..........................          1  .........          5  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Indian guaranteed loan program account......................          4          6          5          5          7         24         20          6
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior........................................        128        219        156        250        157        172        166        153
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Appalachian regional development programs...................         86        101         74         68         65         63         65         66
    Denali Commission...........................................         11        -14          2         16         49         42         44         70
    Delta regional authority....................................  .........          1          6         12          9          6          5          7
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         97         88         82         96        123        111        114        143
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 450................................................      9,485     10,501     15,082     12,604     20,167     21,285     18,891     16,523
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 282]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL SERVICES
  Commerce:
    Public telecommunications facilities, planning and                   15         16         40         36         24         24         33         25
     construction...............................................
    Information infrastructure grants...........................          9         10         20         20         21         11          7          4
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Commerce........................................         24         26         60         56         45         35         40         29
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Education:
    Reading excellence..........................................        124        194        214        155         40          1          6  .........
    Indian education............................................         76        102        112        111        117        114        116        113
    Impact aid..................................................      1,021      1,116      1,103      1,228      1,249      1,138      1,456      1,224
    Chicago litigation settlement...............................          1          1          1          1          1  .........  .........  .........
    Education reform............................................        987        729        206         51         32         15          4  .........
    Education for the disadvantaged.............................      8,616      9,211     11,204     12,417     14,539     14,604     14,716     14,478
    School improvement programs.................................      2,721      3,401      5,964      6,542      6,569      5,589      5,439      5,107
    Innovation and improvement..................................  .........  .........  .........          4        230        451        893        625
    Safe schools and citizenship education......................  .........  .........  .........         13        363        717        730        685
    English language acquisition................................        344        326        450        536        582        551        795        585
    Special education...........................................      5,552      6,730      8,216      9,465     10,661     11,582     11,267     10,581
    Rehabilitation services and disability research.............      2,507      2,592      2,593      2,612      2,681      2,819      3,020      2,938
    Special institutions for the handicapped....................         11         13         15         18         17         19         20         18
    Career, technical and adult education.......................      1,651      1,742      1,908      1,909      1,930      1,958      2,034      1,910
    Higher education (including college housing loans)..........        300        365        405        417        436        439        478        424
    Institute of education sciences.............................         86         88         89         43         11          4         38         39
    Hurricane education recovery................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,140        743  .........
    ***Student financial assistance.............................         43         62         65         65         60         68         71         51
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education.......................................     24,040     26,672     32,545     35,587     39,518     41,209     41,826     38,778
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    Job opportunities and basic skills training program.........          4         23  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Promoting safe and stable families..........................        261        298        337        420        399        416        443        439
    Social services block grant.................................      1,852      1,780      1,740      1,752      1,822      1,848      2,155      1,306
    Children and families services programs.....................      6,614      7,749      8,161      8,326      8,490      8,492      8,466      8,104
    ***Aging services programs..................................        948      1,105      1,309      1,320      1,379      1,358      1,327      1,323
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services.......................      9,679     10,955     11,547     11,818     12,090     12,114     12,391     11,172
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Interior:
    Indian education............................................        229        112        184        110        117        114        111        112
  Labor:
    Training and employment services............................      3,132      4,206      4,291      3,883      3,372      4,566      4,489      4,283
    Community service employment for older Americans............        102         99         98         98         97         88         94         76
    Welfare to work jobs........................................        659        500        312        181          6  .........  .........  .........
    State unemployment insurance and employment service                 119        157        167        163        137        155        123        130
     operations.................................................
    Federal unemployment benefits and allowances................        141        142        212        179        244        235        260        260
    Foreign labor certification processing......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          5
    Unemployment trust fund.....................  TF                  1,100      1,040      1,071      1,110        469        803      1,055        797
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor...........................................      5,253      6,144      6,151      5,614      4,325      5,847      6,021      5,551
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Corporation for Public Broadcasting.........................        360        375        411        437        466        460        464        350
    Federal payment to the Mayor of the District of Columbia....  .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Federal payment for school improvement......................  .........  .........  .........         40         40         40         40         41
    Payment to the institute....................................  .........  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    National Endowments for the Arts: grants....................         32         32         42         37         37         37         38         39
    Challenge America arts fund.................................          1          4  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Office of Museum and Library Services: grants and                   189        202        239        196        239        226        273        282
     administration.............................................
    Domestic volunteer service programs, operating expenses.....         70         74         81         82        109        142        133         79
    National and community service programs, operating expenses.        239        214        264        207        235        255        224        200
    ***Federal payment for resident tuition support.............         17         17         17         17         26         33         33         35
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........        908        918      1,056      1,016      1,152      1,193      1,205      1,026
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 500................................................     40,133     44,827     51,543     54,201     57,247     60,512     61,594     56,668
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 283]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 HEALTH
  Agriculture:
    Food safety and inspection..................................         43         39         43         43         38         38         45         44
  Health and Human Services:
    Salaries and expenses [Food and Drug Administration]........          1  .........          1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Disease control (Preventive health).........................      2,106      1,935      2,603      2,291      2,782      3,039      3,832      3,969
    State grants and demonstrations.............................          2         10         15         48         84      1,269      1,679        496
    Public health and social services emergency fund............  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,451        184        158        321
    General departmental management.............................  .........        717      1,198      1,497        105        109         77         80
    ***Health Resources and Services............................      1,820      2,353      2,513      2,815      3,227      3,340      3,183      3,110
    ***Substance abuse and mental health services...............      2,094      2,193      2,171      2,241      3,203      3,183      2,308      2,294
    ***Grants to States for Medicaid............................    129,434    147,650    160,805    176,231    181,720    180,625    191,876    201,944
    ***State children's health insurance fund...................      3,699      3,682      4,355      4,607      5,129      5,451      5,647      6,644
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services.......................    139,156    158,540    173,661    189,730    197,701    197,200    208,760    218,858
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Occupational and mine safety................................         96         98        110        110        109        109        109        105
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 550................................................    139,295    158,677    173,814    189,883    197,848    197,347    208,914    219,007
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 284]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 INCOME SECURITY
  Agriculture:
    ***Funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply              776        915      1,253        846        826      1,281      1,024      1,087
     (section 32)...............................................
    ***Food stamp program.......................................      3,664      3,949      4,162      4,204      4,385      4,608      4,638      4,812
    ***Commodity donations/assistance programs..................        270        317        263        173        192        197        195         94
    ***Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP).............      4,085      4,330      4,548      4,860      4,985      5,056      5,172      5,320
    ***Child nutrition programs.................................      9,416     10,100     10,664     11,035     11,726     12,263     13,482     13,669
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................     18,211     19,611     20,890     21,118     22,114     23,405     24,511     24,982
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Health and Human Services:
    ***Family support payments to States........................      3,706      3,998      3,788      3,815      3,982      4,001      4,519      4,085
    ***Low income home energy assistance........................      2,161      1,773      2,030      1,891      2,095      2,637      2,635      1,874
    ***Refugee and entrant assistance...........................        345        362        352        425        419        425        421        479
    ***Payments to States for the child care and development          1,369      2,167      2,313      2,131      2,110      2,185      2,017      2,046
     block grants...............................................
    ***Contingency fund.........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........         43         77        103         91
    ***Payments to States for foster care and adoption                5,710      5,885      6,124      6,340      6,427      6,353      6,533      6,834
     assistance.................................................
    ***Child care entitlement to States.........................      2,336      2,358      2,876      2,695      2,784      3,060      2,828      2,800
    ***Temporary assistance for needy families..................     18,583     18,749     19,352     17,725     17,357     16,897     17,318     17,296
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Health and Human Services.......................     34,210     35,292     36,835     35,022     35,217     35,635     36,374     35,505
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Homeland Security:
    ***Emergency food and shelter...............................        140        140        152        152        153        151        151        140
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Native American housing block grant.........................        684        713        723        675        684        585        584        579
    Homeless assistance grants..................................        965      1,019      1,080      1,232      1,282      1,346      1,378      1,395
    Home investment partnership program.........................      1,424      1,540      1,616      1,597      1,718      1,812      1,870      1,901
    Housing opportunities for persons with AIDS.................        241        314        254        254        280        309        309        309
    Rural housing and economic development......................         17         22         20         23         24         21         22         27
    Housing for the elderly.....................................        774        895        992      1,096        902        922        875        874
    ***Public housing operating fund............................      3,137      3,635      3,395      3,434      3,572      3,496      3,614      3,891
    ***Drug elimination grants for low-income housing...........        309        325        222         46          6          1          2          1
    ***Revitalization of severely distressed public housing             487        466        555        596        695        567        560        535
     (HOPE VI)..................................................
    ***Native Hawaiian Housing Block Grant......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          2          3
    ***Tenant based rental assistance...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........     10,031     12,966     15,321     15,986
    ***Project-based rental assistance..........................  .........  .........  .........  .........        345        210        222        200
    ***Public housing capital fund..............................      3,550      3,767      3,665      3,414      3,153      3,161      3,082      3,075
    ***Prevention of resident displacement......................  .........  .........  .........  .........        -79         71          1  .........
    ***Housing certificate fund.................................      9,530     10,962     13,451     14,667      7,280      2,188  .........  .........
    ***HOPE grants..............................................         21          3          2          2          3          1          1          1
    ***Housing for persons with disabilities....................  .........  .........  .........          2        307        301        260        259
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing and Urban Development...................     21,139     23,661     25,975     27,038     30,203     27,957     28,103     29,036
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    State unemployment insurance and employment service           .........          9         -3  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     operations.................................................
    Unemployment trust fund (administrative       TF                  2,364      2,793      2,627      2,650      3,198      2,668      2,668      2,795
     expenses)..................................
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Labor...........................................      2,364      2,802      2,624      2,650      3,198      2,668      2,668      2,795
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Social Security Administration(On-budget):
    Supplemental security income program........................  .........  .........  .........          3  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Social Security Administration (On-budget)......  .........  .........  .........          3  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 600................................................     76,064     81,506     86,476     85,983     90,885     89,816     91,807     92,458
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 285]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 SOCIAL SECURITY
  Social Security Administration(Off-budget):
    Disability Insurance trust fund.............  TF              .........  .........  .........          4  .........  .........  .........  .........
    ***Disability Insurance trust fund..........  TF              .........          1          2          3          2          9         50         57
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 650................................................  .........          1          2          7          2          9         50         57
                                                 =======================================================================================================
700 VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
  Veterans Affairs:
    Medical facilities..........................................  .........  .........  .........         15  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Grants for the construction of State veterans cemeteries....         17         28         25         39         21         37         15         21
    ***Medical services.........................................        328        277        317        362        434        466        501        563
    ***Grants for construction of State extended care facilities         60         83         86         77         97        122         92         86
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 700................................................        405        388        428        493        552        625        608        670
                                                 =======================================================================================================
750 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  Health and Human Services:
    Violent crime reduction programs............................         84         13          6          1          1  .........  .........  .........
  Homeland Security:
    State and local programs....................................  .........         54  .........         46        221        292        255        334
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Homeland Security...............................  .........         54  .........         46        221        292        255        334
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Housing and Urban Development:
    Fair housing activities.....................................         39         43         50         47         47         47         46         45
  Justice:
    Assets forfeiture fund......................................        200        225        239        267        329        358        392        286
    Justice assistance..........................................        290         15        151        291        284        256        139        166
    State and local law enforcement assistance..................        585      2,993      1,856      2,329      1,523      1,711      1,272      1,037
    Juvenile justice programs...................................        263        216        233        283        343        366        403        377
    Community oriented policing services........................      1,355      1,325      1,148        947        931        708        634        293
    Violence against women prevention and prosecution programs..  .........  .........  .........         39        233        367        297        347
    Crime victims fund..........................................        437        590        510        533        572        561        582        570
    Violent crime reduction programs, State and local law             3,092  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
     enforcement................................................
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Justice.........................................      6,222      5,364      4,137      4,689      4,215      4,327      3,719      3,076
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other Independent Agencies:
    High-intensity drug trafficking areas program...............        136        152        194        191        187        172        170        218
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.....................         30         30         33         33         30         29         43         42
    State Justice Institute: salaries and expenses..............          7          2          3          2          2          5  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........        173        184        230        226        219        206        213        260
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Treasury forfeiture fund....................................         94         78         75         75         81         89         80         80
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 750................................................      6,612      5,736      4,498      5,084      4,784      4,961      4,313      3,795
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 286]]


               Table 12.3--TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS BY FUNCTION, AGENCY, AND PROGRAM: 1940-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                       2007       2008
                                                                     2001       2002       2003       2004       2005       2006     estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 GENERAL GOVERNMENT
  Agriculture:
    Forest Service: shared revenues.............................        200        441        374        397        403        425        409        130
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agriculture.....................................        200        441        374        397        403        425        409        130
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Energy:
    Payments to States under Federal Power Act..................          3          3          6          3          3          3          3          3
  Health and Human Services:
    Disabled voter services.....................................  .........  .........  .........          3          2          3          5          2
  Homeland Security:
    Customs: Miscellaneous shared revenues......................         90         90         85         79         89        101        142        117
  Interior:
    Miscellaneous shared revenues...............................         27         25         21         26        127        135        126         28
    Payments to States from receipts under Mineral Leasing Act..      1,045        685        948      1,164      1,621      2,113      1,875      1,995
    Geothermal lease revenues, payment to counties..............  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........          4          3  .........
    Assistance to territories...................................         87         84         76         71         76         87         89         86
    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands......................          1          2          2          4          3  .........  .........          1
    Payments to the United States territories, fiscal assistance        105        134         95        113        143        131        119        119
    Payments in lieu of taxes...................................        197        210        219        225        227        232        233        190
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interior........................................      1,462      1,140      1,361      1,603      2,197      2,702      2,445      2,419
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Labor:
    Workers compensation programs...............................  .........  .........         44  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Other Defense--Civil:
    Corps of Engineers: shared revenues.........................  .........  .........          6          9          9  .........          4          4
  Other Independent Agencies:
    Federal payments to the District of Columbia................        289        473        301        295        266        271        270        294
    Election reform programs....................................  .........  .........  .........      1,283        980         58  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........        289        473        301      1,578      1,246        329        270        294
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Treasury:
    Temporary State fiscal assistance fund......................  .........  .........      5,000      5,000  .........  .........  .........  .........
    Internal revenue collections for Puerto Rico................        334        341        357        336        421        360        448        484
    Taxpayer services...........................................         10  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Treasury........................................        344        341      5,357      5,336        421        360        448        484
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, 800................................................      2,388      2,488      7,534      9,008      4,370      3,923      3,726      3,453
                                                 =======================================================================================================
Total, outlays for grants.......................................    318,542    352,895    388,542    407,512    428,018    434,099    448,829    453,986
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.
All data in this table are Federal funds, unless noted as being Trust funds (TF).
*** All grants that are also payments for individuals are identified by a triple asterisk (***) preceding the title.