[Historical Tables]
[Section 3 - Federal Government Outlays by Function]
[Table 3.1 - Outlays by Superfunction and Function: 1940-2012]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[[Page 46]]

 
        Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Superfunction and Function                              1940         1941         1942         1943         1944         1945         1946         1947         1948
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense...........................................................       1,660        6,435       25,658       66,699       79,143       82,965       42,681       12,808        9,105
 
Human resources............................................................       4,139        4,158        3,599        2,659        1,928        1,859        5,493        9,909        9,868
 
  Education, training, employment, and social services.....................       1,972        1,592        1,062          375          160          134           85          102          191
  Health...................................................................          55           60           71           92          174          211          201          177          162
  Income security..........................................................       1,514        1,855        1,828        1,739        1,503        1,137        2,384        2,820        2,499
  Social security (off-budget).............................................          28           91          137          177          217          267          358          466          558
  Veterans benefits and services...........................................         570          560          501          276         -126          110        2,465        6,344        6,457
 
Physical resources.........................................................       2,312        1,782        3,892        6,433        5,471        1,747          836        1,227        2,243
 
  Energy...................................................................          88           91          156          116           65           25           41           18          292
  Natural resources and environment........................................         997          817          819          726          642          455          482          700          780
  Commerce and housing credit..............................................         550          398        1,521        2,151          624       -2,630       -1,857         -923          306
  Transportation...........................................................         392          353        1,283        3,220        3,901        3,654        1,970        1,130          787
  Community and regional development.......................................         285          123          113          219          238          243          200          302           78
 
Net interest...............................................................         899          943        1,052        1,529        2,219        3,112        4,111        4,204        4,341
      (On-budget)..........................................................        (941)        (999)      (1,123)      (1,616)      (2,322)      (3,236)      (4,259)      (4,367)      (4,532)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (-42)        (-56)        (-71)        (-87)       (-103)       (-124)       (-148)       (-163)       (-191)
 
Other functions............................................................         775          882        1,830        2,457        3,864        4,418        3,580        7,900        5,851
 
  International affairs....................................................          51          145          968        1,286        1,449        1,913        1,935        5,791        4,566
  General science, space and technology....................................  ...........  ...........           4            1           48          111           34            5            1
  Agriculture..............................................................         369          339          344          343        1,275        1,635          610          814           69
  Administration of justice................................................          81           92          117          154          192          178          176          176          170
  General government.......................................................         274          306          397          673          900          581          825        1,114        1,045
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -317         -547         -894       -1,221       -1,320       -1,389       -1,468       -1,552       -1,643
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................       9,468       13,653       35,137       78,555       91,304       92,712       55,232       34,496       29,764
      (On-budget)..........................................................      (9,482)     (13,618)     (35,071)     (78,466)     (91,190)     (92,569)     (55,022)     (34,193)     (29,396)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (-14)         (35)         (66)         (89)        (114)        (143)        (210)        (303)        (368)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    As percentages of outlays
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................        17.5         47.1         73.0         84.9         86.7         89.5         77.3         37.1         30.6
Human resources............................................................        43.7         30.5         10.2          3.4          2.1          2.0          9.9         28.7         33.2
Physical resources.........................................................        24.4         13.1         11.1          8.2          6.0          1.9          1.5          3.6          7.5
Net interest...............................................................         9.5          6.9          3.0          1.9          2.4          3.4          7.4         12.2         14.6
Other functions............................................................         8.2          6.5          5.2          3.1          4.2          4.8          6.5         22.9         19.7
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -3.4         -4.0         -2.5         -1.6         -1.4         -1.5         -2.7         -4.5         -5.5
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)..........................................................      (100.2)       (99.7)       (99.8)       (99.9)       (99.9)       (99.8)       (99.6)       (99.1)       (98.8)
      (Off-budget).........................................................       (-0.2)        (0.3)        (0.2)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.9)        (1.2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                      As percentages of GDP
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................         1.7          5.6         17.8         37.0         37.8         37.5         19.2          5.5          3.6
Human resources............................................................         4.3          3.6          2.5          1.5          0.9          0.8          2.5          4.2          3.9
Physical resources.........................................................         2.4          1.6          2.7          3.6          2.6          0.8          0.4          0.5          0.9
Net interest...............................................................         0.9          0.8          0.7          0.8          1.1          1.4          1.8          1.8          1.7
Other functions............................................................         0.8          0.8          1.3          1.4          1.8          2.0          1.6          3.4          2.3
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -0.3         -0.5         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.7         -0.7         -0.6
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................         9.8         12.0         24.3         43.6         43.6         41.9         24.8         14.8         11.6
      (On-budget)..........................................................        (9.8)       (11.9)       (24.3)       (43.5)       (43.6)       (41.8)       (24.7)       (14.7)       (11.5)
      (Off-budget).........................................................         (-*)          (*)          (*)          (*)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 47]]


                                                             Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Superfunction and Function                              1949         1950         1951         1952         1953         1954         1955         1956         1957
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense...........................................................      13,150       13,724       23,566       46,089       52,802       49,266       42,729       42,523       45,430
 
Human resources............................................................      10,805       14,221       11,001       11,745       11,836       13,076       14,908       16,052       18,161
 
  Education, training, employment, and social services.....................         178          241          235          339          441          370          445          591          590
  Health...................................................................         197          268          323          347          336          307          291          359          479
  Income security..........................................................       3,174        4,097        3,352        3,655        3,823        4,434        5,071        4,734        5,427
  Social security (off-budget).............................................         657          781        1,565        2,063        2,717        3,352        4,427        5,478        6,661
  Veterans benefits and services...........................................       6,599        8,834        5,526        5,341        4,519        4,613        4,675        4,891        5,005
 
Physical resources.........................................................       3,104        3,667        3,924        4,182        4,005        2,584        2,732        3,092        4,559
 
  Energy...................................................................         341          327          383          474          425          432          325          174          240
  Natural resources and environment........................................       1,080        1,308        1,310        1,233        1,289        1,007          940          870        1,098
  Commerce and housing credit..............................................         800        1,035        1,228        1,278          910         -184           92          506        1,424
  Transportation...........................................................         916          967          956        1,124        1,264        1,229        1,246        1,450        1,662
  Community and regional development.......................................         -33           30           47           73          117          100          129           92          135
 
Net interest...............................................................       4,523        4,812        4,665        4,701        5,156        4,811        4,850        5,079        5,354
      (On-budget)..........................................................      (4,753)      (5,069)      (4,952)      (5,035)      (5,543)      (5,250)      (5,288)      (5,567)      (5,910)
      (Off-budget).........................................................       (-230)       (-257)       (-287)       (-334)       (-387)       (-439)       (-438)       (-487)       (-557)
 
Other functions............................................................       9,032        7,955        4,690        4,346        5,873        4,515        6,718        7,482        7,220
 
  International affairs....................................................       6,052        4,673        3,647        2,691        2,119        1,596        2,223        2,414        3,147
  General science, space and technology....................................          48           55           51           49           49           46           74           79          122
  Agriculture..............................................................       1,924        2,049         -323          176        2,253        1,817        3,514        3,486        2,288
  Administration of justice................................................         184          193          218          267          243          257          256          302          303
  General government.......................................................         824          986        1,097        1,163        1,209          799          651        1,201        1,360
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................      -1,779       -1,817       -2,332       -3,377       -3,571       -3,397       -3,493       -3,589       -4,146
      (On-budget)..........................................................     (-1,779)     (-1,817)     (-2,332)     (-3,377)     (-3,571)     (-3,396)     (-3,487)     (-3,571)     (-4,058)
      (Off-budget).........................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         (-1)         (-6)        (-18)        (-88)
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................      38,835       42,562       45,514       67,686       76,101       70,855       68,444       70,640       76,578
      (On-budget)..........................................................     (38,408)     (42,038)     (44,237)     (65,956)     (73,771)     (67,943)     (64,461)     (65,668)     (70,562)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (427)        (524)      (1,277)      (1,730)      (2,330)      (2,912)      (3,983)      (4,972)      (6,016)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    As percentages of outlays
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................        33.9         32.2         51.8         68.1         69.4         69.5         62.4         60.2         59.3
Human resources............................................................        27.8         33.4         24.2         17.4         15.6         18.5         21.8         22.7         23.7
Physical resources.........................................................         8.0          8.6          8.6          6.2          5.3          3.6          4.0          4.4          6.0
Net interest...............................................................        11.6         11.3         10.2          6.9          6.8          6.8          7.1          7.2          7.0
Other functions............................................................        23.3         18.7         10.3          6.4          7.7          6.4          9.8         10.6          9.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -4.6         -4.3         -5.1         -5.0         -4.7         -4.8         -5.1         -5.1         -5.4
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)..........................................................       (98.9)       (98.8)       (97.2)       (97.4)       (96.9)       (95.9)       (94.2)       (93.0)       (92.1)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (1.1)        (1.2)        (2.8)        (2.6)        (3.1)        (4.1)        (5.8)        (7.0)        (7.9)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                      As percentages of GDP
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................         4.9          5.0          7.4         13.2         14.2         13.1         10.8         10.0         10.1
Human resources............................................................         4.0          5.2          3.4          3.4          3.2          3.5          3.8          3.8          4.0
Physical resources.........................................................         1.1          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          0.7          0.7          0.7          1.0
Net interest...............................................................         1.7          1.8          1.5          1.3          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.2
Other functions............................................................         3.3          2.9          1.5          1.2          1.6          1.2          1.7          1.8          1.6
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -0.7         -0.7         -0.7         -1.0         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................        14.3         15.6         14.2         19.4         20.4         18.8         17.3         16.5         17.0
      (On-budget)..........................................................       (14.2)       (15.4)       (13.8)       (18.9)       (19.8)       (18.0)       (16.3)       (15.4)       (15.7)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (0.2)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.5)        (0.6)        (0.8)        (1.0)        (1.2)        (1.3)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 48]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1958         1959         1960         1961         1962         1963         1964         1965
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................      46,815       49,015       48,130       49,601       52,345       53,400       54,757       50,620
 
Human resources.................................      22,288       24,892       26,184       29,838       31,630       33,522       35,294       36,576
 
  Education, training, employment, and social            643          789          968        1,063        1,241        1,458        1,555        2,140
   services.....................................
  Health........................................         541          685          795          913        1,198        1,451        1,788        1,791
  Income security...............................       7,535        8,239        7,378        9,683        9,207        9,311        9,657        9,469
  Social security (off-budget)..................       8,219        9,737       11,602       12,474       14,365       15,788       16,620       17,460
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,350        5,443        5,441        5,705        5,619        5,514        5,675        5,716
 
Physical resources..............................       5,188        7,813        7,991        7,754        8,831        8,013        9,528       11,264
 
  Energy........................................         348          382          464          510          604          530          572          699
  Natural resources and environment.............       1,407        1,632        1,559        1,779        2,044        2,251        2,364        2,531
  Commerce and housing credit...................         930        1,933        1,618        1,203        1,424           62          418        1,157
  Transportation................................       2,334        3,655        4,126        3,987        4,290        4,596        5,242        5,763
  Community and regional development............         169          211          224          275          469          574          933        1,114
 
Net interest....................................       5,604        5,762        6,947        6,716        6,889        7,740        8,199        8,591
      (On-budget)...............................      (6,175)      (6,338)      (7,511)      (7,307)      (7,498)      (8,322)      (8,805)      (9,239)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-571)       (-576)       (-563)       (-591)       (-609)       (-582)       (-607)       (-648)
 
Other functions.................................       6,896        9,229        7,760        8,621       12,401       14,437       16,458       17,086
 
  International affairs.........................       3,364        3,144        2,988        3,184        5,639        5,308        4,945        5,273
  General science, space and technology.........         141          294          599        1,042        1,723        3,051        4,897        5,823
  Agriculture...................................       2,411        4,509        2,623        2,641        3,562        4,384        4,609        3,954
  Administration of justice.....................         325          356          366          400          429          465          489          536
  General government............................         655          926        1,184        1,354        1,049        1,230        1,518        1,499
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -4,385       -4,613       -4,820       -4,807       -5,274       -5,797       -5,708       -5,908
      (On-budget)...............................     (-4,240)     (-4,449)     (-4,632)     (-4,601)     (-5,053)     (-5,555)     (-5,429)     (-5,626)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-145)       (-164)       (-188)       (-206)       (-221)       (-242)       (-279)       (-282)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................      82,405       92,098       92,191       97,723      106,821      111,316      118,528      118,228
      (On-budget)...............................     (74,902)     (83,102)     (81,341)     (86,046)     (93,286)     (96,352)    (102,794)    (101,699)
      (Off-budget)..............................      (7,503)      (8,996)     (10,850)     (11,677)     (13,535)     (14,964)     (15,734)     (16,529)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        56.8         53.2         52.2         50.8         49.0         48.0         46.2         42.8
Human resources.................................        27.0         27.0         28.4         30.5         29.6         30.1         29.8         30.9
Physical resources..............................         6.3          8.5          8.7          7.9          8.3          7.2          8.0          9.5
Net interest....................................         6.8          6.3          7.5          6.9          6.4          7.0          6.9          7.3
Other functions.................................         8.4         10.0          8.4          8.8         11.6         13.0         13.9         14.5
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.3         -5.0         -5.2         -4.9         -4.9         -5.2         -4.8         -5.0
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (90.9)       (90.2)       (88.2)       (88.1)       (87.3)       (86.6)       (86.7)       (86.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (9.1)        (9.8)       (11.8)       (11.9)       (12.7)       (13.4)       (13.3)       (14.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        10.2         10.0          9.3          9.3          9.2          8.9          8.6          7.4
Human resources.................................         4.8          5.1          5.1          5.6          5.6          5.6          5.5          5.3
Physical resources..............................         1.1          1.6          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.3          1.5          1.6
Net interest....................................         1.2          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3
Other functions.................................         1.5          1.9          1.5          1.6          2.2          2.4          2.6          2.5
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        17.9         18.7         17.8         18.4         18.8         18.6         18.5         17.2
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.3)       (16.9)       (15.7)       (16.2)       (16.4)       (16.1)       (16.1)       (14.8)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (1.6)        (1.8)        (2.1)        (2.2)        (2.4)        (2.5)        (2.5)        (2.4)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 49]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1966         1967         1968         1969         1970         1971         1972         1973
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................      58,111       71,417       81,926       82,497       81,692       78,872       79,174       76,681
 
Human resources.................................      43,257       51,272       59,375       66,410       75,349       91,901      107,211      119,522
 
  Education, training, employment, and social          4,363        6,453        7,634        7,548        8,634        9,849       12,529       12,745
   services.....................................
  Health........................................       2,543        3,351        4,390        5,162        5,907        6,843        8,674        9,356
  Medicare......................................          64        2,748        4,649        5,695        6,213        6,622        7,479        8,052
  Income security...............................       9,678       10,261       11,816       13,076       15,655       22,946       27,650       28,276
  Social security...............................      20,694       21,725       23,854       27,298       30,270       35,872       40,157       49,090
      (On-budget)...............................  ...........         (94)         (94)        (414)        (458)        (465)        (538)        (526)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (20,694)     (21,631)     (23,760)     (26,885)     (29,812)     (35,408)     (39,620)     (48,565)
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,916        6,735        7,032        7,631        8,669        9,768       10,720       12,003
 
Physical resources..............................      13,410       14,674       16,002       11,869       15,574       18,286       19,574       20,614
 
  Energy........................................         612          782        1,037        1,010          997        1,035        1,296        1,237
  Natural resources and environment.............       2,719        2,869        2,988        2,900        3,065        3,915        4,241        4,775
  Commerce and housing credit...................       3,245        3,979        4,280         -119        2,112        2,366        2,222          931
      (On-budget)...............................      (3,245)      (3,979)      (4,280)       (-119)      (2,112)      (2,366)      (1,867)        (774)
      (Off-budget)..............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        (355)        (157)
  Transportation................................       5,730        5,936        6,316        6,526        7,008        8,052        8,392        9,066
  Community and regional development............       1,105        1,108        1,382        1,552        2,392        2,917        3,423        4,605
 
Net interest....................................       9,386       10,268       11,090       12,699       14,380       14,841       15,478       17,349
      (On-budget)...............................     (10,028)     (11,060)     (12,069)     (13,848)     (15,948)     (16,783)     (17,584)     (19,629)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-642)       (-792)       (-979)     (-1,149)     (-1,568)     (-1,942)     (-2,106)     (-2,280)
 
Other functions.................................      16,911       17,126       17,786       18,151       17,286       16,379       18,828       24,950
 
  International affairs.........................       5,580        5,566        5,301        4,600        4,330        4,159        4,781        4,149
  General science, space and technology.........       6,717        6,233        5,524        5,020        4,511        4,182        4,175        4,032
  Agriculture...................................       2,447        2,990        4,544        5,826        5,166        4,290        5,227        4,821
  Administration of justice.....................         564          618          659          766          959        1,307        1,684        2,174
  General government............................       1,603        1,719        1,757        1,939        2,320        2,442        2,960        9,774
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -6,542       -7,294       -8,045       -7,986       -8,632      -10,107       -9,583      -13,409
      (On-budget)...............................     (-6,205)     (-6,879)     (-7,600)     (-7,454)     (-7,995)     (-9,467)     (-8,926)    (-12,714)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-337)       (-415)       (-445)       (-532)       (-637)       (-640)       (-657)       (-695)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     134,532      157,464      178,134      183,640      195,649      210,172      230,681      245,707
      (On-budget)...............................    (114,817)    (137,040)    (155,798)    (158,436)    (168,042)    (177,346)    (193,470)    (199,961)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (19,715)     (20,424)     (22,336)     (25,204)     (27,607)     (32,826)     (37,212)     (45,746)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        43.2         45.4         46.0         44.9         41.8         37.5         34.3         31.2
Human resources.................................        32.2         32.6         33.3         36.2         38.5         43.7         46.5         48.6
Physical resources..............................        10.0          9.3          9.0          6.5          8.0          8.7          8.5          8.4
Net interest....................................         7.0          6.5          6.2          6.9          7.4          7.1          6.7          7.1
Other functions.................................        12.6         10.9         10.0          9.9          8.8          7.8          8.2         10.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.9         -4.6         -4.5         -4.3         -4.4         -4.8         -4.2         -5.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (85.3)       (87.0)       (87.5)       (86.3)       (85.9)       (84.4)       (83.9)       (81.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (14.7)       (13.0)       (12.5)       (13.7)       (14.1)       (15.6)       (16.1)       (18.6)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         7.7          8.8          9.5          8.7          8.1          7.3          6.7          5.9
Human resources.................................         5.7          6.3          6.9          7.0          7.4          8.5          9.1          9.1
Physical resources..............................         1.8          1.8          1.8          1.3          1.5          1.7          1.7          1.6
Net interest....................................         1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3          1.4          1.4          1.3          1.3
Other functions.................................         2.2          2.1          2.1          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.6          1.9
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -1.0
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        17.9         19.4         20.6         19.4         19.3         19.5         19.6         18.8
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.2)       (16.9)       (18.0)       (16.7)       (16.6)       (16.4)       (16.4)       (15.3)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (2.6)        (2.5)        (2.6)        (2.7)        (2.7)        (3.0)        (3.2)        (3.5)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 50]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1974         1975         1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................      79,347       86,509       89,619       22,269       97,241      104,495      116,342      133,995
 
Human resources.................................     135,783      173,245      203,594       52,065      221,895      242,329      267,574      313,374
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         12,457       16,022       18,910        5,169       21,104       26,710       30,223       31,843
   services.....................................
  Health........................................      10,733       12,930       15,734        3,924       17,302       18,524       20,494       23,169
  Medicare......................................       9,639       12,875       15,834        4,264       19,345       22,768       26,495       32,090
  Income security...............................      33,713       50,176       60,799       14,985       61,060       61,505       66,376       86,557
  Social security...............................      55,867       64,658       73,899       19,763       85,061       93,861      104,073      118,547
      (On-budget)...............................        (494)        (499)        (515)  ...........        (717)        (741)        (757)        (675)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (55,373)     (64,159)     (73,384)     (19,763)     (84,344)     (93,120)    (103,316)    (117,872)
  Veterans benefits and services................      13,374       16,584       18,419        3,960       18,022       18,961       19,914       21,169
 
Physical resources..............................      25,106       35,449       39,188        9,512       40,746       52,590       54,559       65,985
 
  Energy........................................       1,303        2,916        4,204        1,129        5,770        7,991        9,179       10,156
  Natural resources and environment.............       5,697        7,346        8,184        2,524       10,032       10,983       12,135       13,858
  Commerce and housing credit...................       4,705        9,947        7,619          931        3,093        6,254        4,686        9,390
      (On-budget)...............................      (3,932)      (8,835)      (6,534)      (1,657)      (3,266)      (6,750)      (5,577)      (9,821)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (773)      (1,112)      (1,085)       (-726)       (-173)       (-496)       (-891)       (-431)
  Transportation................................       9,172       10,918       13,739        3,358       14,829       15,521       18,079       21,329
  Community and regional development............       4,229        4,322        5,442        1,569        7,021       11,841       10,480       11,252
 
Net interest....................................      21,449       23,244       26,727        6,949       29,901       35,458       42,633       52,533
      (On-budget)...............................     (23,969)     (26,047)     (29,539)      (7,042)     (32,551)     (37,860)     (44,857)     (54,872)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,520)     (-2,803)     (-2,812)        (-93)     (-2,650)     (-2,403)     (-2,224)     (-2,339)
 
Other functions.................................      24,423       27,487       27,050        9,388       34,315       39,594       40,396       44,996
 
  International affairs.........................       5,710        7,097        6,433        2,458        6,353        7,482        7,459       12,714
  General science, space and technology.........       3,980        3,991        4,373        1,162        4,736        4,926        5,234        5,831
  Agriculture...................................       2,194        2,997        3,109          972        6,734       11,301       11,176        8,774
  Administration of justice.....................       2,505        3,028        3,430          918        3,701        3,923        4,286        4,702
  General government............................      10,032       10,374        9,706        3,878       12,791       11,961       12,241       12,975
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -16,749      -13,602      -14,386       -4,206      -14,879      -15,720      -17,476      -19,942
      (On-budget)...............................    (-15,985)    (-12,686)    (-13,423)     (-3,957)    (-13,902)    (-14,660)    (-16,362)    (-18,738)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-764)       (-916)       (-963)       (-249)       (-977)     (-1,060)     (-1,114)     (-1,204)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     269,359      332,332      371,792       95,975      409,218      458,746      504,028      590,941
      (On-budget)...............................    (216,496)    (270,780)    (301,098)     (77,281)    (328,675)    (369,585)    (404,941)    (477,044)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (52,862)     (61,552)     (70,695)     (18,695)     (80,543)     (89,161)     (99,087)    (113,898)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        29.5         26.0         24.1         23.2         23.8         22.8         23.1         22.7
Human resources.................................        50.4         52.1         54.8         54.2         54.2         52.8         53.1         53.0
Physical resources..............................         9.3         10.7         10.5          9.9         10.0         11.5         10.8         11.2
Net interest....................................         8.0          7.0          7.2          7.2          7.3          7.7          8.5          8.9
Other functions.................................         9.1          8.3          7.3          9.8          8.4          8.6          8.0          7.6
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -6.2         -4.1         -3.9         -4.4         -3.6         -3.4         -3.5         -3.4
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.4)       (81.5)       (81.0)       (80.5)       (80.3)       (80.6)       (80.3)       (80.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.6)       (18.5)       (19.0)       (19.5)       (19.7)       (19.4)       (19.7)       (19.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.5          5.5          5.2          4.9          4.9          4.7          4.7          4.9
Human resources.................................         9.4         11.1         11.7         11.4         11.2         10.9         10.7         11.5
Physical resources..............................         1.7          2.3          2.3          2.1          2.1          2.4          2.2          2.4
Net interest....................................         1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.7          1.9
Other functions.................................         1.7          1.8          1.6          2.1          1.7          1.8          1.6          1.7
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -1.2         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.8         -0.7         -0.7         -0.7
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        18.7         21.3         21.4         21.0         20.7         20.7         20.2         21.7
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.0)       (17.3)       (17.3)       (16.9)       (16.6)       (16.7)       (16.2)       (17.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.7)        (3.9)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.0)        (4.0)        (4.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 51]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1981         1982         1983         1984         1985         1986         1987         1988
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     157,513      185,309      209,903      227,413      252,748      273,375      281,999      290,361
 
Human resources.................................     362,022      388,681      426,004      432,044      471,824      481,595      502,202      533,405
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         33,152       26,612       26,197       26,922       28,596       29,779       28,924       30,936
   services.....................................
  Health........................................      26,866       27,445       28,641       30,417       33,542       35,936       39,967       44,487
  Medicare......................................      39,149       46,567       52,588       57,540       65,822       70,164       75,120       78,878
  Income security...............................     100,299      108,155      123,031      113,352      128,979      120,633      124,088      130,377
  Social security...............................     139,584      155,964      170,724      178,223      188,623      198,757      207,353      219,341
      (On-budget)...............................        (670)        (844)     (19,993)      (7,056)      (5,189)      (8,072)      (4,930)      (4,852)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (138,914)    (155,120)    (150,731)    (171,167)    (183,434)    (190,684)    (202,422)    (214,489)
  Veterans benefits and services................      22,973       23,938       24,824       25,588       26,262       26,327       26,750       29,386
 
Physical resources..............................      70,886       61,752       57,603       57,967       56,820       58,737       55,142       68,631
 
  Energy........................................      15,166       13,527        9,353        7,073        5,608        4,690        4,072        2,296
  Natural resources and environment.............      13,568       12,998       12,672       12,593       13,357       13,639       13,363       14,606
  Commerce and housing credit...................       8,206        6,256        6,681        6,959        4,337        5,059        6,435       19,164
      (On-budget)...............................      (8,117)      (6,809)      (6,359)      (6,599)      (4,195)      (5,017)      (5,492)     (17,451)
      (Off-budget)..............................         (89)       (-553)        (322)        (360)        (142)         (42)        (943)      (1,712)
  Transportation................................      23,379       20,625       21,334       23,669       25,838       28,117       26,222       27,272
  Community and regional development............      10,568        8,347        7,564        7,673        7,680        7,233        5,051        5,294
 
Net interest....................................      68,766       85,032       89,808      111,102      129,478      136,017      138,611      151,803
      (On-budget)...............................     (71,054)     (87,102)     (91,653)    (114,411)    (133,595)    (140,346)    (143,901)    (159,219)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,288)     (-2,071)     (-1,845)     (-3,310)     (-4,118)     (-4,329)     (-5,290)     (-7,416)
 
Other functions.................................      47,095       51,068       59,022       55,286       68,224       73,724       62,584       57,248
 
  International affairs.........................      13,104       12,300       11,848       15,876       16,176       14,152       11,649       10,471
  General science, space and technology.........       6,468        7,199        7,934        8,317        8,626        8,976        9,215       10,840
  Agriculture...................................      11,241       15,866       22,814       13,526       25,477       31,368       26,513       17,138
  Administration of justice.....................       4,908        4,842        5,246        5,811        6,426        6,735        7,715        9,397
  General government............................      11,373       10,861       11,181       11,756       11,519       12,493        7,492        9,401
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -28,041      -26,099      -33,976      -31,957      -32,698      -33,007      -36,455      -36,967
      (On-budget)...............................    (-26,611)    (-24,453)    (-32,198)    (-29,913)    (-30,189)    (-30,150)    (-33,155)    (-32,585)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,430)     (-1,646)     (-1,778)     (-2,044)     (-2,509)     (-2,857)     (-3,300)     (-4,382)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     678,241      745,743      808,364      851,853      946,396      990,441    1,004,083    1,064,481
      (On-budget)...............................    (542,956)    (594,892)    (660,934)    (685,680)    (769,447)    (806,901)    (809,308)    (860,077)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (135,285)    (150,851)    (147,430)    (166,174)    (176,949)    (183,540)    (194,775)    (204,404)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        23.2         24.8         26.0         26.7         26.7         27.6         28.1         27.3
Human resources.................................        53.4         52.1         52.7         50.7         49.9         48.6         50.0         50.1
Physical resources..............................        10.5          8.3          7.1          6.8          6.0          5.9          5.5          6.4
Net interest....................................        10.1         11.4         11.1         13.0         13.7         13.7         13.8         14.3
Other functions.................................         6.9          6.8          7.3          6.5          7.2          7.4          6.2          5.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.1         -3.5         -4.2         -3.8         -3.5         -3.3         -3.6         -3.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.1)       (79.8)       (81.8)       (80.5)       (81.3)       (81.5)       (80.6)       (80.8)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.9)       (20.2)       (18.2)       (19.5)       (18.7)       (18.5)       (19.4)       (19.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.2          5.7          6.1          5.9          6.1          6.2          6.1          5.8
Human resources.................................        11.9         12.0         12.4         11.3         11.4         10.9         10.8         10.6
Physical resources..............................         2.3          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.4
Net interest....................................         2.3          2.6          2.6          2.9          3.1          3.1          3.0          3.0
Other functions.................................         1.5          1.6          1.7          1.4          1.6          1.7          1.3          1.1
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -0.8         -1.0         -0.8         -0.8         -0.7         -0.8         -0.7
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        22.2         23.1         23.5         22.2         22.9         22.4         21.6         21.3
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.8)       (18.4)       (19.2)       (17.9)       (18.6)       (18.3)       (17.4)       (17.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.4)        (4.7)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.2)        (4.2)        (4.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 52]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1989         1990         1991         1992         1993         1994         1995         1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     303,559      299,331      273,292      298,350      291,086      281,642      272,066      265,753
 
Human resources.................................     568,686      619,345      689,695      772,483      827,589      869,479      923,854      958,331
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         35,333       37,179       41,241       42,751       47,397       43,295       51,046       48,336
   services.....................................
  Health........................................      48,390       57,716       71,183       89,497       99,415      107,122      115,418      119,378
  Medicare......................................      84,964       98,102      104,489      119,024      130,552      144,747      159,855      174,225
  Income security...............................     137,426      148,668      172,462      199,562      209,969      217,166      223,799      229,736
  Social security...............................     232,542      248,623      269,015      287,585      304,585      319,565      335,846      349,671
      (On-budget)...............................      (5,069)      (3,625)      (2,619)      (6,166)      (6,236)      (5,683)      (5,476)      (5,802)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (227,473)    (244,998)    (266,395)    (281,418)    (298,349)    (313,881)    (330,370)    (343,869)
  Veterans benefits and services................      30,031       29,058       31,305       34,064       35,671       37,584       37,890       36,985
 
Physical resources..............................      81,567      126,037      135,175       75,611       46,856       70,703       59,139       64,191
 
  Energy........................................       2,705        3,341        2,436        4,499        4,319        5,218        4,936        2,839
  Natural resources and environment.............      16,182       17,080       18,559       20,025       20,239       21,026       21,915       21,524
  Commerce and housing credit...................      29,710       67,600       76,271       10,919      -21,853       -4,228      -17,808      -10,478
      (On-budget)...............................     (30,019)     (65,974)     (74,953)     (10,260)    (-23,294)     (-5,331)    (-15,839)    (-10,298)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-310)      (1,626)      (1,317)        (659)      (1,441)      (1,103)     (-1,969)       (-180)
  Transportation................................      27,608       29,485       31,099       33,332       35,004       38,066       39,350       39,565
  Community and regional development............       5,362        8,531        6,810        6,836        9,146       10,620       10,746       10,741
 
Net interest....................................     168,981      184,347      194,448      199,344      198,713      202,932      232,134      241,053
      (On-budget)...............................    (180,376)    (200,338)    (214,670)    (222,981)    (225,501)    (232,135)    (265,439)    (277,560)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-11,395)    (-15,991)    (-20,222)    (-23,637)    (-26,788)    (-29,203)    (-33,305)    (-36,507)
 
Other functions.................................      58,247       60,686       71,077       75,141       82,663       74,922       73,146       68,900
 
  International affairs.........................       9,585       13,764       15,851       16,107       17,248       17,083       16,434       13,496
  General science, space and technology.........      12,837       14,443       16,110       16,407       17,029       16,226       16,723       16,708
  Agriculture...................................      16,861       11,806       15,056       15,088       20,246       14,915        9,672        9,036
  Administration of justice.....................       9,644       10,185       12,487       14,650       15,193       15,516       16,509       17,898
  General government............................       9,320       10,488       11,574       12,888       12,947       11,183       13,808       11,762
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -37,212      -36,615      -39,356      -39,280      -37,386      -37,772      -44,455      -37,620
      (On-budget)...............................    (-32,354)    (-31,048)    (-33,553)    (-33,179)    (-30,970)    (-31,362)    (-38,023)    (-31,342)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-4,858)     (-5,567)     (-5,804)     (-6,101)     (-6,416)     (-6,409)     (-6,432)     (-6,278)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,143,829    1,253,130    1,324,331    1,381,649    1,409,522    1,461,907    1,515,884    1,560,608
      (On-budget)...............................    (932,918)  (1,028,065)  (1,082,644)  (1,129,310)  (1,142,935)  (1,182,535)  (1,227,220)  (1,259,704)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (210,911)    (225,065)    (241,687)    (252,339)    (266,587)    (279,372)    (288,664)    (300,904)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        26.5         23.9         20.6         21.6         20.7         19.3         17.9         17.0
Human resources.................................        49.7         49.4         52.1         55.9         58.7         59.5         60.9         61.4
Physical resources..............................         7.1         10.1         10.2          5.5          3.3          4.8          3.9          4.1
Net interest....................................        14.8         14.7         14.7         14.4         14.1         13.9         15.3         15.4
Other functions.................................         5.1          4.8          5.4          5.4          5.9          5.1          4.8          4.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.3         -2.9         -3.0         -2.8         -2.7         -2.6         -2.9         -2.4
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (81.6)       (82.0)       (81.8)       (81.7)       (81.1)       (80.9)       (81.0)       (80.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (18.4)       (18.0)       (18.2)       (18.3)       (18.9)       (19.1)       (19.0)       (19.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.6          5.2          4.6          4.8          4.4          4.0          3.7          3.5
Human resources.................................        10.5         10.8         11.6         12.4         12.6         12.5         12.6         12.5
Physical resources..............................         1.5          2.2          2.3          1.2          0.7          1.0          0.8          0.8
Net interest....................................         3.1          3.2          3.3          3.2          3.0          2.9          3.2          3.1
Other functions.................................         1.1          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.1          1.0          0.9
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.7         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.5         -0.6         -0.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        21.2         21.8         22.3         22.1         21.4         21.0         20.7         20.3
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.3)       (17.9)       (18.2)       (18.1)       (17.4)       (17.0)       (16.8)       (16.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.9)        (3.9)        (4.1)        (4.0)        (4.1)        (4.0)        (3.9)        (3.9)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 53]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002         2003         2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     270,505      268,207      274,785      294,394      304,759      348,482      404,778      455,847
 
Human resources.................................   1,002,446    1,033,542    1,057,875    1,115,665    1,194,598    1,317,664    1,417,946    1,485,870
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         48,991       50,532       50,627       53,789       57,173       70,581       82,603       87,990
   services.....................................
  Health........................................     123,843      131,442      141,074      154,533      172,270      196,544      219,576      240,134
  Medicare......................................     190,016      192,822      190,447      197,113      217,384      230,855      249,433      269,360
  Income security...............................     235,032      237,750      242,478      253,724      269,774      312,720      334,632      333,059
  Social security...............................     365,251      379,215      390,037      409,423      432,958      455,980      474,680      495,548
      (On-budget)...............................      (6,879)      (9,146)     (10,824)     (13,254)     (11,701)     (13,969)     (13,279)     (14,348)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (358,372)    (370,069)    (379,213)    (396,169)    (421,257)    (442,011)    (461,401)    (481,200)
  Veterans benefits and services................      39,313       41,781       43,212       47,083       45,039       50,984       57,022       59,779
 
Physical resources..............................      59,879       74,692       81,918       84,954       97,584      104,337      115,615      116,274
 
  Energy........................................       1,475        1,270          911         -761            9          475         -735         -166
  Natural resources and environment.............      21,227       22,300       23,968       25,031       25,623       29,454       29,703       30,725
  Commerce and housing credit...................     -14,639        1,008        2,642        3,208        5,732         -406          728        5,266
      (On-budget)...............................    (-14,590)        (791)      (1,621)      (1,179)      (3,430)        (245)      (5,973)      (9,396)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (-49)        (217)      (1,021)      (2,029)      (2,302)       (-651)     (-5,245)     (-4,130)
  Transportation................................      40,767       40,343       42,532       46,853       54,447       61,833       67,069       64,627
  Community and regional development............      11,049        9,771       11,865       10,623       11,773       12,981       18,850       15,822
 
Net interest....................................     243,984      241,118      229,755      222,949      206,167      170,949      153,073      160,245
      (On-budget)...............................    (285,198)    (287,748)    (281,826)    (282,745)    (274,978)    (247,769)    (236,618)    (246,473)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-41,214)    (-46,630)    (-52,071)    (-59,796)    (-68,811)    (-76,820)    (-83,545)    (-86,228)
 
Other functions.................................      74,466       82,320       98,147      113,835      107,093      117,113      123,087      133,307
 
  International affairs.........................      15,228       13,109       15,243       17,216       16,493       22,351       21,209       26,891
  General science, space and technology.........      17,173       18,217       18,121       18,633       19,784       20,767       20,873       23,053
  Agriculture...................................       8,890       12,078       22,880       36,459       26,253       21,966       22,497       15,440
  Administration of justice.....................      20,618       23,360       26,536       28,499       30,202       35,061       35,340       45,576
  General government............................      12,557       15,556       15,367       13,028       14,361       16,968       23,168       22,347
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -49,973      -47,194      -40,445      -42,581      -47,011      -47,392      -54,382      -58,537
      (On-budget)...............................    (-43,490)    (-40,142)    (-33,060)    (-34,944)    (-39,101)    (-38,514)    (-44,780)    (-47,206)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-6,483)     (-7,052)     (-7,385)     (-7,637)     (-7,910)     (-8,878)     (-9,602)    (-11,331)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,601,307    1,652,685    1,702,035    1,789,216    1,863,190    2,011,153    2,160,117    2,293,006
      (On-budget)...............................  (1,290,681)  (1,336,081)  (1,381,257)  (1,458,451)  (1,516,352)  (1,655,491)  (1,797,108)  (1,913,495)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (310,626)    (316,604)    (320,778)    (330,765)    (346,838)    (355,662)    (363,009)    (379,511)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        16.9         16.2         16.1         16.5         16.4         17.3         18.7         19.9
Human resources.................................        62.6         62.5         62.2         62.4         64.1         65.5         65.6         64.8
Physical resources..............................         3.7          4.5          4.8          4.7          5.2          5.2          5.4          5.1
Net interest....................................        15.2         14.6         13.5         12.5         11.1          8.5          7.1          7.0
Other functions.................................         4.7          5.0          5.8          6.4          5.7          5.8          5.7          5.8
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.1         -2.9         -2.4         -2.4         -2.5         -2.4         -2.5         -2.6
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.6)       (80.8)       (81.2)       (81.5)       (81.4)       (82.3)       (83.2)       (83.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.4)       (19.2)       (18.8)       (18.5)       (18.6)       (17.7)       (16.8)       (16.6)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         3.3          3.1          3.0          3.0          3.0          3.4          3.7          4.0
Human resources.................................        12.3         12.0         11.6         11.5         11.9         12.7         13.1         12.9
Physical resources..............................         0.7          0.9          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.0          1.1          1.0
Net interest....................................         3.0          2.8          2.5          2.3          2.0          1.6          1.4          1.4
Other functions.................................         0.9          1.0          1.1          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.6         -0.5         -0.4         -0.4         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        19.6         19.2         18.7         18.4         18.5         19.4         20.0         19.9
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.8)       (15.5)       (15.1)       (15.0)       (15.1)       (16.0)       (16.6)       (16.6)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.8)        (3.7)        (3.5)        (3.4)        (3.4)        (3.4)        (3.4)        (3.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 54]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                2007         2008         2009         2010         2011         2012
           Superfunction and Function                 2005         2006       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     495,326      521,840      571,869      606,546      601,772      565,309      549,467      556,404
 
Human resources.................................   1,586,122    1,672,076    1,759,062    1,831,679    1,916,588    2,009,444    2,229,448    2,132,139
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         97,567      118,560       93,957       82,732       86,569       87,175       88,313       87,618
   services.....................................
  Health........................................     250,614      252,780      268,543      280,620      298,205      312,310      353,758      331,452
  Medicare......................................     298,638      329,868      372,252      391,646      414,412      439,334      486,926      480,620
  Income security...............................     345,847      352,477      365,371      380,815      386,772      399,313      413,439      414,043
  Social security...............................     523,305      548,549      586,538      612,505      644,615      682,505      794,892      721,598
      (On-budget)...............................     (16,526)     (16,058)     (19,359)     (19,965)     (22,037)     (24,230)     (30,072)     (27,113)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (506,779)    (532,491)    (567,179)    (592,540)    (622,578)    (658,275)    (764,820)    (694,485)
  Veterans benefits and services................      70,151       69,842       72,401       83,361       86,015       88,807       92,120       96,808
 
Physical resources..............................     130,177      164,800      144,462      136,203      125,302      124,685      119,120      121,715
 
  Energy........................................         429          782        1,836        1,405        1,684        2,169        2,318        2,303
  Natural resources and environment.............      28,023       33,055       35,203       32,904       30,732       30,950       31,488       31,118
  Commerce and housing credit...................       7,567        6,188          210       -2,040          644        2,291       -1,529       -1,107
      (On-budget)...............................      (9,358)      (7,263)     (-2,432)        (247)     (-1,240)        (778)     (-2,567)     (-3,203)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,791)     (-1,075)      (2,642)     (-2,287)      (1,884)      (1,513)      (1,038)      (2,096)
  Transportation................................      67,894       70,244       74,607       79,282       72,512       73,803       75,637       74,429
  Community and regional development............      26,264       54,531       32,606       24,652       19,730       15,472       11,206       14,972
 
Net interest....................................     183,986      226,603      239,153      261,276      274,156      280,847      284,938      283,681
      (On-budget)...............................    (275,822)    (324,325)    (345,402)    (375,894)    (398,958)    (417,339)    (447,064)    (432,959)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-91,836)    (-97,722)   (-106,249)   (-114,618)   (-124,802)   (-136,492)   (-162,126)   (-149,278)
 
Other functions.................................     141,818      138,366      151,545      152,414      156,394      151,631      155,722      152,599
 
  International affairs.........................      34,595       29,549       35,071       36,149       36,078       34,898       35,523       34,894
  General science, space and technology.........      23,628       23,616       24,862       26,636       28,350       28,886       31,033       29,319
  Agriculture...................................      26,566       25,970       20,116       19,869       19,517       19,791       20,452       20,285
  Administration of justice.....................      40,019       41,016       45,307       46,960       47,004       46,518       47,273       46,623
  General government............................      17,010       18,215       18,761       20,739       24,001       20,517       21,738       21,494
  Allowances....................................  ...........  ...........       7,428        2,061        1,444        1,021         -297          -16
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -65,224      -68,250      -81,824      -86,257      -88,739      -82,831      -92,389      -89,210
      (On-budget)...............................    (-54,283)    (-56,625)    (-69,535)    (-73,149)    (-74,891)    (-68,092)    (-75,829)    (-73,422)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-10,941)    (-11,625)    (-12,289)    (-13,108)    (-13,848)    (-14,739)    (-16,560)    (-15,788)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   2,472,205    2,655,435    2,784,267    2,901,861    2,985,473    3,049,085    3,246,306    3,157,328
      (On-budget)...............................  (2,069,994)  (2,233,366)  (2,332,984)  (2,439,334)  (2,499,661)  (2,540,528)  (2,659,134)  (2,625,813)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (402,211)    (422,069)    (451,283)    (462,527)    (485,812)    (508,557)    (587,172)    (531,515)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        20.0         19.7         20.5         20.9         20.2         18.5         16.9         17.6
Human resources.................................        64.2         63.0         63.2         63.1         64.2         65.9         68.7         67.5
Physical resources..............................         5.3          6.2          5.2          4.7          4.2          4.1          3.7          3.9
Net interest....................................         7.4          8.5          8.6          9.0          9.2          9.2          8.8          9.0
Other functions.................................         5.7          5.2          5.4          5.3          5.2          5.0          4.8          4.8
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -2.6         -2.6         -2.9         -3.0         -3.0         -2.7         -2.8         -2.8
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (83.7)       (84.1)       (83.8)       (84.1)       (83.7)       (83.3)       (81.9)       (83.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (16.3)       (15.9)       (16.2)       (15.9)       (16.3)       (16.7)       (18.1)       (16.8)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         4.0          4.0          4.2          4.2          3.9          3.5          3.1          3.3
Human resources.................................        12.9         12.8         12.8         12.6         12.5         12.5         12.5         12.6
Physical resources..............................         1.1          1.3          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7
Net interest....................................         1.5          1.7          1.7          1.8          1.8          1.7          1.6          1.7
Other functions.................................         1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.9
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.5         -0.5         -0.6         -0.6         -0.6         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        20.2         20.3         20.2         20.0         19.5         18.9         18.3         18.6
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.9)       (17.1)       (17.0)       (16.8)       (16.3)       (15.8)       (15.0)       (15.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.3)        (3.2)        (3.3)        (3.2)        (3.2)        (3.2)        (3.3)        (3.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------