[Historical Tables]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]



[[Page 21]]


 
   Table 1.1--SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-): 1789-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Total                              On-Budget                            Off-Budget
                                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Year                                             Surplus or                           Surplus or                           Surplus or
                                            Receipts     Outlays   Deficit (-)   Receipts     Outlays   Deficit (-)   Receipts     Outlays   Deficit (-)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1789-1849................................       1,160       1,090           70       1,160       1,090           70  ..........  ..........  ...........
1850-1900................................      14,462      15,453         -991      14,462      15,453         -991  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1901.....................................         588         525           63         588         525           63  ..........  ..........  ...........
1902.....................................         562         485           77         562         485           77  ..........  ..........  ...........
1903.....................................         562         517           45         562         517           45  ..........  ..........  ...........
1904.....................................         541         584          -43         541         584          -43  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1905.....................................         544         567          -23         544         567          -23  ..........  ..........  ...........
1906.....................................         595         570           25         595         570           25  ..........  ..........  ...........
1907.....................................         666         579           87         666         579           87  ..........  ..........  ...........
1908.....................................         602         659          -57         602         659          -57  ..........  ..........  ...........
1909.....................................         604         694          -89         604         694          -89  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1910.....................................         676         694          -18         676         694          -18  ..........  ..........  ...........
1911.....................................         702         691           11         702         691           11  ..........  ..........  ...........
1912.....................................         693         690            3         693         690            3  ..........  ..........  ...........
1913.....................................         714         715           -*         714         715           -*  ..........  ..........  ...........
1914.....................................         725         726           -*         725         726           -*  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1915.....................................         683         746          -63         683         746          -63  ..........  ..........  ...........
1916.....................................         761         713           48         761         713           48  ..........  ..........  ...........
1917.....................................       1,101       1,954         -853       1,101       1,954         -853  ..........  ..........  ...........
1918.....................................       3,645      12,677       -9,032       3,645      12,677       -9,032  ..........  ..........  ...........
1919.....................................       5,130      18,493      -13,363       5,130      18,493      -13,363  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1920.....................................       6,649       6,358          291       6,649       6,358          291  ..........  ..........  ...........
1921.....................................       5,571       5,062          509       5,571       5,062          509  ..........  ..........  ...........
1922.....................................       4,026       3,289          736       4,026       3,289          736  ..........  ..........  ...........
1923.....................................       3,853       3,140          713       3,853       3,140          713  ..........  ..........  ...........
1924.....................................       3,871       2,908          963       3,871       2,908          963  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1925.....................................       3,641       2,924          717       3,641       2,924          717  ..........  ..........  ...........
1926.....................................       3,795       2,930          865       3,795       2,930          865  ..........  ..........  ...........
1927.....................................       4,013       2,857        1,155       4,013       2,857        1,155  ..........  ..........  ...........
1928.....................................       3,900       2,961          939       3,900       2,961          939  ..........  ..........  ...........
1929.....................................       3,862       3,127          734       3,862       3,127          734  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1930.....................................       4,058       3,320          738       4,058       3,320          738  ..........  ..........  ...........
1931.....................................       3,116       3,577         -462       3,116       3,577         -462  ..........  ..........  ...........
1932.....................................       1,924       4,659       -2,735       1,924       4,659       -2,735  ..........  ..........  ...........
1933.....................................       1,997       4,598       -2,602       1,997       4,598       -2,602  ..........  ..........  ...........
1934.....................................       2,955       6,541       -3,586       2,955       6,541       -3,586  ..........  ..........  ...........
 
1935.....................................       3,609       6,412       -2,803       3,609       6,412       -2,803  ..........  ..........  ...........
1936.....................................       3,923       8,228       -4,304       3,923       8,228       -4,304  ..........  ..........  ...........
1937.....................................       5,387       7,580       -2,193       5,122       7,582       -2,460         265          -2          267
1938.....................................       6,751       6,840          -89       6,364       6,850         -486         387         -10          397
1939.....................................       6,295       9,141       -2,846       5,792       9,154       -3,362         503         -13          516
 
1940.....................................       6,548       9,468       -2,920       5,998       9,482       -3,484         550         -14          564
1941.....................................       8,712      13,653       -4,941       8,024      13,618       -5,594         688          35          653
1942.....................................      14,634      35,137      -20,503      13,738      35,071      -21,333         896          66          830
1943.....................................      24,001      78,555      -54,554      22,871      78,466      -55,595       1,130          89        1,041
1944.....................................      43,747      91,304      -47,557      42,455      91,190      -48,735       1,292         114        1,178
 
1945.....................................      45,159      92,712      -47,553      43,849      92,569      -48,720       1,310         143        1,167
1946.....................................      39,296      55,232      -15,936      38,057      55,022      -16,964       1,238         210        1,028
1947.....................................      38,514      34,496        4,018      37,055      34,193        2,861       1,459         303        1,157
1948.....................................      41,560      29,764       11,796      39,944      29,396       10,548       1,616         368        1,248
1949.....................................      39,415      38,835          580      37,724      38,408         -684       1,690         427        1,263
 
1950.....................................      39,443      42,562       -3,119      37,336      42,038       -4,702       2,106         524        1,583
1951.....................................      51,616      45,514        6,102      48,496      44,237        4,259       3,120       1,277        1,843
1952.....................................      66,167      67,686       -1,519      62,573      65,956       -3,383       3,594       1,730        1,864
1953.....................................      69,608      76,101       -6,493      65,511      73,771       -8,259       4,097       2,330        1,766
1954.....................................      69,701      70,855       -1,154      65,112      67,943       -2,831       4,589       2,912        1,677
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote at end of table.




[[Page 22]]


      Table 1.1--SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-): 1789-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Total                              On-Budget                            Off-Budget
                                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Year                                             Surplus or                           Surplus or                           Surplus or
                                            Receipts     Outlays   Deficit (-)   Receipts     Outlays   Deficit (-)   Receipts     Outlays   Deficit (-)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1955.....................................      65,451      68,444       -2,993      60,370      64,461       -4,091       5,081       3,983        1,098
1956.....................................      74,587      70,640        3,947      68,162      65,668        2,494       6,425       4,972        1,452
1957.....................................      79,990      76,578        3,412      73,201      70,562        2,639       6,789       6,016          773
1958.....................................      79,636      82,405       -2,769      71,587      74,902       -3,315       8,049       7,503          546
1959.....................................      79,249      92,098      -12,849      70,953      83,102      -12,149       8,296       8,996         -700
 
1960.....................................      92,492      92,191          301      81,851      81,341          510      10,641      10,850         -209
1961.....................................      94,388      97,723       -3,335      82,279      86,046       -3,766      12,109      11,677          431
1962.....................................      99,676     106,821       -7,146      87,405      93,286       -5,881      12,271      13,535       -1,265
1963.....................................     106,560     111,316       -4,756      92,385      96,352       -3,966      14,175      14,964         -789
1964.....................................     112,613     118,528       -5,915      96,248     102,794       -6,546      16,366      15,734          632
 
1965.....................................     116,817     118,228       -1,411     100,094     101,699       -1,605      16,723      16,529          194
1966.....................................     130,835     134,532       -3,698     111,749     114,817       -3,068      19,085      19,715         -630
1967.....................................     148,822     157,464       -8,643     124,420     137,040      -12,620      24,401      20,424        3,978
1968.....................................     152,973     178,134      -25,161     128,056     155,798      -27,742      24,917      22,336        2,581
1969.....................................     186,882     183,640        3,242     157,928     158,436         -507      28,953      25,204        3,749
 
1970.....................................     192,807     195,649       -2,842     159,348     168,042       -8,694      33,459      27,607        5,852
1971.....................................     187,139     210,172      -23,033     151,294     177,346      -26,052      35,845      32,826        3,019
1972.....................................     207,309     230,681      -23,373     167,402     193,470      -26,068      39,907      37,212        2,695
1973.....................................     230,799     245,707      -14,908     184,715     199,961      -15,246      46,084      45,746          338
1974.....................................     263,224     269,359       -6,135     209,299     216,496       -7,198      53,925      52,862        1,063
 
1975.....................................     279,090     332,332      -53,242     216,633     270,780      -54,148      62,458      61,552          906
1976.....................................     298,060     371,792      -73,732     231,671     301,098      -69,427      66,389      70,695       -4,306
TQ.......................................      81,232      95,975      -14,744      63,216      77,281      -14,065      18,016      18,695         -679
1977.....................................     355,559     409,218      -53,659     278,741     328,675      -49,933      76,817      80,543       -3,726
1978.....................................     399,561     458,746      -59,185     314,169     369,585      -55,416      85,391      89,161       -3,770
1979.....................................     463,302     504,028      -40,726     365,309     404,941      -39,633      97,994      99,087       -1,093
 
1980.....................................     517,112     590,941      -73,830     403,903     477,044      -73,141     113,209     113,898         -689
1981.....................................     599,272     678,241      -78,968     469,097     542,956      -73,859     130,176     135,285       -5,109
1982.....................................     617,766     745,743     -127,977     474,299     594,892     -120,593     143,467     150,851       -7,384
1983.....................................     600,562     808,364     -207,802     453,242     660,934     -207,692     147,320     147,430         -110
1984.....................................     666,486     851,853     -185,367     500,411     685,680     -185,269     166,075     166,174          -98
 
1985.....................................     734,088     946,396     -212,308     547,918     769,447     -221,529     186,171     176,949        9,222
1986.....................................     769,215     990,441     -221,227     568,986     806,901     -237,915     200,228     183,540       16,688
1987.....................................     854,353   1,004,083     -149,730     640,951     809,308     -168,357     213,402     194,775       18,627
1988.....................................     909,303   1,064,481     -155,178     667,812     860,077     -192,265     241,491     204,404       37,087
1989.....................................     991,190   1,143,829     -152,639     727,525     932,918     -205,393     263,666     210,911       52,754
 
1990.....................................   1,032,094   1,253,130     -221,036     750,439   1,028,065     -277,626     281,656     225,065       56,590
1991.....................................   1,055,093   1,324,331     -269,238     761,209   1,082,644     -321,435     293,885     241,687       52,198
1992.....................................   1,091,328   1,381,649     -290,321     788,902   1,129,310     -340,408     302,426     252,339       50,087
1993.....................................   1,154,471   1,409,522     -255,051     842,537   1,142,935     -300,398     311,934     266,587       45,347
1994.....................................   1,258,721   1,461,907     -203,186     923,695   1,182,535     -258,840     335,026     279,372       55,654
 
1995.....................................   1,351,932   1,515,884     -163,952   1,000,853   1,227,220     -226,367     351,079     288,664       62,415
1996.....................................   1,453,177   1,560,608     -107,431   1,085,685   1,259,704     -174,019     367,492     300,904       66,588
1997.....................................   1,579,423   1,601,307      -21,884   1,187,433   1,290,681     -103,248     391,990     310,626       81,364
1998.....................................   1,721,955   1,652,685       69,270   1,306,156   1,336,081      -29,925     415,799     316,604       99,195
1999.....................................   1,827,645   1,702,035      125,610   1,383,177   1,381,257        1,920     444,468     320,778      123,690
 
2000.....................................   2,025,457   1,789,216      236,241   1,544,873   1,458,451       86,422     480,584     330,765      149,819
2001.....................................   1,991,426   1,863,190      128,236   1,483,907   1,516,352      -32,445     507,519     346,838      160,681
2002.....................................   1,853,395   2,011,153     -157,758   1,338,074   1,655,491     -317,417     515,321     355,662      159,659
2003.....................................   1,782,532   2,160,117     -377,585   1,258,690   1,797,108     -538,418     523,842     363,009      160,833
2004.....................................   1,880,279   2,293,006     -412,727   1,345,534   1,913,495     -567,961     534,745     379,511      155,234
 
2005.....................................   2,153,859   2,472,205     -318,346   1,576,383   2,069,994     -493,611     577,476     402,211      175,265
2006.....................................   2,407,254   2,655,435     -248,181   1,798,872   2,233,366     -434,494     608,382     422,069      186,313
2007 estimate............................   2,540,096   2,784,267     -244,171   1,905,966   2,332,984     -427,018     634,130     451,283      182,847
2008 estimate............................   2,662,474   2,901,861     -239,387   1,988,389   2,439,334     -450,945     674,085     462,527      211,558
2009 estimate............................   2,798,307   2,985,473     -187,166   2,086,937   2,499,661     -412,724     711,370     485,812      225,558
 
2010 estimate............................   2,954,724   3,049,085      -94,361   2,201,442   2,540,528     -339,086     753,282     508,557      244,725
2011 estimate............................   3,103,554   3,157,328      -53,774   2,307,764   2,625,813     -318,049     795,790     531,515      264,275
2012 estimate............................   3,307,324   3,246,306       61,018   2,472,007   2,659,134     -187,127     835,317     587,172      248,145
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.
Note: Budget figures prior to 1933 are based on the ``Administrative Budget'' concepts rather than the ``Unified Budget'' concepts.



[[Page 23]]

 
   Table 1.2--SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-) AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1930-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                GDP                 Total                          On-Budget                        Off-Budget
                                               (in    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Year                      billions
                                                of     Receipts   Outlays   Surplus or  Receipts   Outlays   Surplus or  Receipts   Outlays   Surplus or
                                             dollars)                      Deficit (-)                      Deficit (-)                      Deficit (-)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1930......................................       97.4       4.2       3.4         0.8        4.2       3.4         0.8   ........  ........  ...........
1931......................................       83.8       3.7       4.3        -0.6        3.7       4.3        -0.6   ........  ........  ...........
1932......................................       67.6       2.8       6.9        -4.0        2.8       6.9        -4.0   ........  ........  ...........
1933......................................       57.6       3.5       8.0        -4.5        3.5       8.0        -4.5   ........  ........  ...........
1934......................................       61.2       4.8      10.7        -5.9        4.8      10.7        -5.9   ........  ........  ...........
 
1935......................................       69.6       5.2       9.2        -4.0        5.2       9.2        -4.0   ........  ........  ...........
1936......................................       78.5       5.0      10.5        -5.5        5.0      10.5        -5.5   ........  ........  ...........
1937......................................       87.8       6.1       8.6        -2.5        5.8       8.6        -2.8        0.3        -*         0.3
1938......................................       89.0       7.6       7.7        -0.1        7.2       7.7        -0.5        0.4        -*         0.4
1939......................................       89.1       7.1      10.3        -3.2        6.5      10.3        -3.8        0.6        -*         0.6
 
1940......................................       96.8       6.8       9.8        -3.0        6.2       9.8        -3.6        0.6        -*         0.6
1941......................................      114.1       7.6      12.0        -4.3        7.0      11.9        -4.9        0.6         *         0.6
1942......................................      144.3      10.1      24.3       -14.2        9.5      24.3       -14.8        0.6         *         0.6
1943......................................      180.3      13.3      43.6       -30.3       12.7      43.5       -30.8        0.6         *         0.6
1944......................................      209.2      20.9      43.6       -22.7       20.3      43.6       -23.3        0.6       0.1         0.6
 
1945......................................      221.4      20.4      41.9       -21.5       19.8      41.8       -22.0        0.6       0.1         0.5
1946......................................      222.7      17.6      24.8        -7.2       17.1      24.7        -7.6        0.6       0.1         0.5
1947......................................      233.2      16.5      14.8         1.7       15.9      14.7         1.2        0.6       0.1         0.5
1948......................................      256.0      16.2      11.6         4.6       15.6      11.5         4.1        0.6       0.1         0.5
1949......................................      271.1      14.5      14.3         0.2       13.9      14.2        -0.3        0.6       0.2         0.5
 
1950......................................      273.0      14.4      15.6        -1.1       13.7      15.4        -1.7        0.8       0.2         0.6
1951......................................      320.6      16.1      14.2         1.9       15.1      13.8         1.3        1.0       0.4         0.6
1952......................................      348.6      19.0      19.4        -0.4       17.9      18.9        -1.0        1.0       0.5         0.5
1953......................................      372.9      18.7      20.4        -1.7       17.6      19.8        -2.2        1.1       0.6         0.5
1954......................................      377.3      18.5      18.8        -0.3       17.3      18.0        -0.8        1.2       0.8         0.4
 
1955......................................      394.6      16.6      17.3        -0.8       15.3      16.3        -1.0        1.3       1.0         0.3
1956......................................      427.2      17.5      16.5         0.9       16.0      15.4         0.6        1.5       1.2         0.3
1957......................................      450.3      17.8      17.0         0.8       16.3      15.7         0.6        1.5       1.3         0.2
1958......................................      460.5      17.3      17.9        -0.6       15.5      16.3        -0.7        1.7       1.6         0.1
1959......................................      491.5      16.1      18.7        -2.6       14.4      16.9        -2.5        1.7       1.8        -0.1
 
1960......................................      517.9      17.9      17.8         0.1       15.8      15.7         0.1        2.1       2.1          -*
1961......................................      530.8      17.8      18.4        -0.6       15.5      16.2        -0.7        2.3       2.2         0.1
1962......................................      567.6      17.6      18.8        -1.3       15.4      16.4        -1.0        2.2       2.4        -0.2
1963......................................      598.7      17.8      18.6        -0.8       15.4      16.1        -0.7        2.4       2.5        -0.1
1964......................................      640.4      17.6      18.5        -0.9       15.0      16.1        -1.0        2.6       2.5         0.1
 
1965......................................      687.1      17.0      17.2        -0.2       14.6      14.8        -0.2        2.4       2.4           *
1966......................................      752.9      17.4      17.9        -0.5       14.8      15.2        -0.4        2.5       2.6        -0.1
1967......................................      811.8      18.3      19.4        -1.1       15.3      16.9        -1.6        3.0       2.5         0.5
1968......................................      866.6      17.7      20.6        -2.9       14.8      18.0        -3.2        2.9       2.6         0.3
1969......................................      948.6      19.7      19.4         0.3       16.6      16.7        -0.1        3.1       2.7         0.4
 
1970......................................    1,012.2      19.0      19.3        -0.3       15.7      16.6        -0.9        3.3       2.7         0.6
1971......................................    1,079.9      17.3      19.5        -2.1       14.0      16.4        -2.4        3.3       3.0         0.3
1972......................................    1,178.3      17.6      19.6        -2.0       14.2      16.4        -2.2        3.4       3.2         0.2
1973......................................    1,307.6      17.7      18.8        -1.1       14.1      15.3        -1.2        3.5       3.5           *
1974......................................    1,439.3      18.3      18.7        -0.4       14.5      15.0        -0.5        3.7       3.7         0.1
 
1975......................................    1,560.7      17.9      21.3        -3.4       13.9      17.3        -3.5        4.0       3.9         0.1
1976......................................    1,736.5      17.2      21.4        -4.2       13.3      17.3        -4.0        3.8       4.1        -0.2
TQ........................................      456.7      17.8      21.0        -3.2       13.8      16.9        -3.1        3.9       4.1        -0.1
1977......................................    1,974.3      18.0      20.7        -2.7       14.1      16.6        -2.5        3.9       4.1        -0.2
1978......................................    2,217.0      18.0      20.7        -2.7       14.2      16.7        -2.5        3.9       4.0        -0.2
1979......................................    2,500.7      18.5      20.2        -1.6       14.6      16.2        -1.6        3.9       4.0          -*
 
1980......................................    2,726.7      19.0      21.7        -2.7       14.8      17.5        -2.7        4.2       4.2          -*
1981......................................    3,054.7      19.6      22.2        -2.6       15.4      17.8        -2.4        4.3       4.4        -0.2
1982......................................    3,227.6      19.1      23.1        -4.0       14.7      18.4        -3.7        4.4       4.7        -0.2
1983......................................    3,440.7      17.5      23.5        -6.0       13.2      19.2        -6.0        4.3       4.3          -*
1984......................................    3,840.2      17.4      22.2        -4.8       13.0      17.9        -4.8        4.3       4.3          -*
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote at end of table.



[[Page 24]]


   Table 1.2--SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-) AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1930-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                GDP                 Total                          On-Budget                        Off-Budget
                                               (in    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Year                      billions
                                                of     Receipts   Outlays   Surplus or  Receipts   Outlays   Surplus or  Receipts   Outlays   Surplus or
                                             dollars)                      Deficit (-)                      Deficit (-)                      Deficit (-)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1985......................................    4,141.5      17.7      22.9        -5.1       13.2      18.6        -5.3        4.5       4.3         0.2
1986......................................    4,412.4      17.4      22.4        -5.0       12.9      18.3        -5.4        4.5       4.2         0.4
1987......................................    4,647.1      18.4      21.6        -3.2       13.8      17.4        -3.6        4.6       4.2         0.4
1988......................................    5,008.6      18.2      21.3        -3.1       13.3      17.2        -3.8        4.8       4.1         0.7
1989......................................    5,400.5      18.4      21.2        -2.8       13.5      17.3        -3.8        4.9       3.9         1.0
 
1990......................................    5,735.4      18.0      21.8        -3.9       13.1      17.9        -4.8        4.9       3.9         1.0
1991......................................    5,935.1      17.8      22.3        -4.5       12.8      18.2        -5.4        5.0       4.1         0.9
1992......................................    6,239.9      17.5      22.1        -4.7       12.6      18.1        -5.5        4.8       4.0         0.8
1993......................................    6,575.5      17.6      21.4        -3.9       12.8      17.4        -4.6        4.7       4.1         0.7
1994......................................    6,961.3      18.1      21.0        -2.9       13.3      17.0        -3.7        4.8       4.0         0.8
 
1995......................................    7,325.8      18.5      20.7        -2.2       13.7      16.8        -3.1        4.8       3.9         0.9
1996......................................    7,694.1      18.9      20.3        -1.4       14.1      16.4        -2.3        4.8       3.9         0.9
1997......................................    8,182.4      19.3      19.6        -0.3       14.5      15.8        -1.3        4.8       3.8         1.0
1998......................................    8,627.9      20.0      19.2         0.8       15.1      15.5        -0.3        4.8       3.7         1.1
1999......................................    9,125.3      20.0      18.7         1.4       15.2      15.1           *        4.9       3.5         1.4
 
2000......................................    9,709.8      20.9      18.4         2.4       15.9      15.0         0.9        4.9       3.4         1.5
2001......................................   10,057.9      19.8      18.5         1.3       14.8      15.1        -0.3        5.0       3.4         1.6
2002......................................   10,377.4      17.9      19.4        -1.5       12.9      16.0        -3.1        5.0       3.4         1.5
2003......................................   10,808.6      16.5      20.0        -3.5       11.6      16.6        -5.0        4.8       3.4         1.5
2004......................................   11,517.5      16.3      19.9        -3.6       11.7      16.6        -4.9        4.6       3.3         1.3
 
2005......................................   12,265.8      17.6      20.2        -2.6       12.9      16.9        -4.0        4.7       3.3         1.4
2006......................................   13,061.1      18.4      20.3        -1.9       13.8      17.1        -3.3        4.7       3.2         1.4
2007 estimate.............................   13,761.2      18.5      20.2        -1.8       13.9      17.0        -3.1        4.6       3.3         1.3
2008 estimate.............................   14,515.0      18.3      20.0        -1.6       13.7      16.8        -3.1        4.6       3.2         1.5
2009 estimate.............................   15,306.4      18.3      19.5        -1.2       13.6      16.3        -2.7        4.6       3.2         1.5
 
2010 estimate.............................   16,112.4      18.3      18.9        -0.6       13.7      15.8        -2.1        4.7       3.2         1.5
2011 estimate.............................   16,937.8      18.3      18.6        -0.3       13.6      15.5        -1.9        4.7       3.1         1.6
2012 estimate.............................   17,786.0      18.6      18.3         0.3       13.9      15.0        -1.1        4.7       3.3         1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.
Note: Budget figures prior to 1933 are based on the ``Administrative Budget'' concepts rather than the ``Unified Budget'' concepts.



[[Page 25]]

 
 Table 1.3--SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-) IN CURRENT DOLLARS, CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS, AND AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1940-
                                                                          2012
                                                              (dollar amounts in billions)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 In Current Dollars         In Constant (FY 2000 Dollars)                    As Percentages of GDP
                                         ------------------------------------------------------------------ Addendum: ----------------------------------
               Fiscal Year                                     Surplus or                       Surplus or  Composite                         Surplus or
                                          Receipts   Outlays  Deficit (-)  Receipts   Outlays  Deficit (-)   Deflator   Receipts   Outlays   Deficit (-)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1940....................................       6.5       9.5        -2.9       75.3     108.8       -33.6    0.0870         6.8        9.8        -3.0
1941....................................       8.7      13.7        -4.9       93.9     147.1       -53.2    0.0928         7.6       12.0        -4.3
1942....................................      14.6      35.1       -20.5      142.4     341.8      -199.4    0.1028        10.1       24.3       -14.2
1943....................................      24.0      78.6       -54.6      213.9     700.1      -486.2    0.1122        13.3       43.6       -30.3
1944....................................      43.7      91.3       -47.6      412.3     860.5      -448.2    0.1061        20.9       43.6       -22.7
 
1945....................................      45.2      92.7       -47.6      433.8     890.6      -456.8    0.1041        20.4       41.9       -21.5
1946....................................      39.3      55.2       -15.9      366.9     515.7      -148.8    0.1071        17.6       24.8        -7.2
1947....................................      38.5      34.5         4.0      331.4     296.9        34.6    0.1162        16.5       14.8         1.7
1948....................................      41.6      29.8        11.8      326.5     233.8        92.7    0.1273        16.2       11.6         4.6
1949....................................      39.4      38.8         0.6      316.3     311.7         4.7    0.1246        14.5       14.3         0.2
 
1950....................................      39.4      42.6        -3.1      306.5     330.7       -24.2    0.1287        14.4       15.6        -1.1
1951....................................      51.6      45.5         6.1      403.6     355.9        47.7    0.1279        16.1       14.2         1.9
1952....................................      66.2      67.7        -1.5      516.9     528.8       -11.9    0.1280        19.0       19.4        -0.4
1953....................................      69.6      76.1        -6.5      508.8     556.3       -47.5    0.1368        18.7       20.4        -1.7
1954....................................      69.7      70.9        -1.2      494.7     502.9        -8.2    0.1409        18.5       18.8        -0.3
 
1955....................................      65.5      68.4        -3.0      449.8     470.4       -20.6    0.1455        16.6       17.3        -0.8
1956....................................      74.6      70.6         3.9      488.8     462.9        25.9    0.1526        17.5       16.5         0.9
1957....................................      80.0      76.6         3.4      499.6     478.3        21.3    0.1601        17.8       17.0         0.8
1958....................................      79.6      82.4        -2.8      472.1     488.5       -16.4    0.1687        17.3       17.9        -0.6
1959....................................      79.2      92.1       -12.8      453.9     527.5       -73.6    0.1746        16.1       18.7        -2.6
 
1960....................................      92.5      92.2         0.3      528.5     526.8         1.7    0.1750        17.9       17.8         0.1
1961....................................      94.4      97.7        -3.3      525.8     544.4       -18.6    0.1795        17.8       18.4        -0.6
1962....................................      99.7     106.8        -7.1      552.8     592.5       -39.6    0.1803        17.6       18.8        -1.3
1963....................................     106.6     111.3        -4.8      568.9     594.3       -25.4    0.1873        17.8       18.6        -0.8
1964....................................     112.6     118.5        -5.9      592.7     623.8       -31.1    0.1900        17.6       18.5        -0.9
 
1965....................................     116.8     118.2        -1.4      605.9     613.2        -7.3    0.1928        17.0       17.2        -0.2
1966....................................     130.8     134.5        -3.7      662.8     681.5       -18.7    0.1974        17.4       17.9        -0.5
1967....................................     148.8     157.5        -8.6      734.6     777.2       -42.7    0.2026        18.3       19.4        -1.1
1968....................................     153.0     178.1       -25.2      727.4     847.0      -119.6    0.2103        17.7       20.6        -2.9
1969....................................     186.9     183.6         3.2      838.0     823.5        14.5    0.2230        19.7       19.4         0.3
 
1970....................................     192.8     195.6        -2.8      815.9     828.0       -12.0    0.2363        19.0       19.3        -0.3
1971....................................     187.1     210.2       -23.0      742.9     834.3       -91.4    0.2519        17.3       19.5        -2.1
1972....................................     207.3     230.7       -23.4      770.7     857.6       -86.9    0.2690        17.6       19.6        -2.0
1973....................................     230.8     245.7       -14.9      814.7     867.3       -52.6    0.2833        17.7       18.8        -1.1
1974....................................     263.2     269.4        -6.1      857.4     877.4       -20.0    0.3070        18.3       18.7        -0.4
 
1975....................................     279.1     332.3       -53.2      824.7     982.1      -157.3    0.3384        17.9       21.3        -3.4
1976....................................     298.1     371.8       -73.7      818.8   1,021.4      -202.6    0.3640        17.2       21.4        -4.2
TQ......................................      81.2      96.0       -14.7      216.5     255.8       -39.3    0.3752        17.8       21.0        -3.2
1977....................................     355.6     409.2       -53.7      903.8   1,040.2      -136.4    0.3934        18.0       20.7        -2.7
1978....................................     399.6     458.7       -59.2      952.5   1,093.6      -141.1    0.4195        18.0       20.7        -2.7
1979....................................     463.3     504.0       -40.7    1,017.8   1,107.3       -89.5    0.4552        18.5       20.2        -1.6
 
1980....................................     517.1     590.9       -73.8    1,028.3   1,175.1      -146.8    0.5029        19.0       21.7        -2.7
1981....................................     599.3     678.2       -79.0    1,077.4   1,219.4      -142.0    0.5562        19.6       22.2        -2.6
1982....................................     617.8     745.7      -128.0    1,036.9   1,251.7      -214.8    0.5958        19.1       23.1        -4.0
1983....................................     600.6     808.4      -207.8      961.7   1,294.4      -332.7    0.6245        17.5       23.5        -6.0
1984....................................     666.5     851.9      -185.4    1,016.8   1,299.5      -282.8    0.6555        17.4       22.2        -4.8
 
1985....................................     734.1     946.4      -212.3    1,082.6   1,395.7      -313.1    0.6781        17.7       22.9        -5.1
1986....................................     769.2     990.4      -221.2    1,107.3   1,425.7      -318.4    0.6947        17.4       22.4        -5.0
1987....................................     854.4   1,004.1      -149.7    1,196.1   1,405.7      -209.6    0.7143        18.4       21.6        -3.2
1988....................................     909.3   1,064.5      -155.2    1,235.6   1,446.5      -210.9    0.7359        18.2       21.3        -3.1
1989....................................     991.2   1,143.8      -152.6    1,298.9   1,498.9      -200.0    0.7631        18.4       21.2        -2.8
 
1990....................................   1,032.1   1,253.1      -221.0    1,309.4   1,589.9      -280.4    0.7882        18.0       21.8        -3.9
1991....................................   1,055.1   1,324.3      -269.2    1,282.6   1,609.9      -327.3    0.8226        17.8       22.3        -4.5
1992....................................   1,091.3   1,381.6      -290.3    1,282.7   1,623.9      -341.2    0.8508        17.5       22.1        -4.7
1993....................................   1,154.5   1,409.5      -255.1    1,323.2   1,615.5      -292.3    0.8725        17.6       21.4        -3.9
1994....................................   1,258.7   1,461.9      -203.2    1,414.0   1,642.2      -228.2    0.8902        18.1       21.0        -2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 26]]


 Table 1.3--SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-) IN CURRENT DOLLARS, CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS, AND AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1940-
                                                                     2012--Continued
                                                              (dollar amounts in billions)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 In Current Dollars         In Constant (FY 2000 Dollars)                    As Percentages of GDP
                                         ------------------------------------------------------------------ Addendum: ----------------------------------
               Fiscal Year                                     Surplus or                       Surplus or  Composite                         Surplus or
                                          Receipts   Outlays  Deficit (-)  Receipts   Outlays  Deficit (-)   Deflator   Receipts   Outlays   Deficit (-)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995....................................   1,351.9   1,515.9      -164.0    1,482.4   1,662.2      -179.8    0.9120        18.5       20.7        -2.2
1996....................................   1,453.2   1,560.6      -107.4    1,557.9   1,673.0      -115.2    0.9328        18.9       20.3        -1.4
1997....................................   1,579.4   1,601.3       -21.9    1,661.2   1,684.2       -23.0    0.9508        19.3       19.6        -0.3
1998....................................   1,722.0   1,652.7        69.3    1,793.1   1,721.0        72.1    0.9603        20.0       19.2         0.8
1999....................................   1,827.6   1,702.0       125.6    1,874.9   1,746.0       128.9    0.9748        20.0       18.7         1.4
 
2000....................................   2,025.5   1,789.2       236.2    2,025.5   1,789.2       236.2    1.0000        20.9       18.4         2.4
2001....................................   1,991.4   1,863.2       128.2    1,945.9   1,820.6       125.3    1.0234        19.8       18.5         1.3
2002....................................   1,853.4   2,011.2      -157.8    1,777.8   1,929.2      -151.3    1.0425        17.9       19.4        -1.5
2003....................................   1,782.5   2,160.1      -377.6    1,665.5   2,018.2      -352.8    1.0703        16.5       20.0        -3.5
2004....................................   1,880.3   2,293.0      -412.7    1,707.3   2,082.1      -374.8    1.1013        16.3       19.9        -3.6
 
2005....................................   2,153.9   2,472.2      -318.3    1,888.2   2,167.3      -279.1    1.1407        17.6       20.2        -2.6
2006....................................   2,407.3   2,655.4      -248.2    2,037.1   2,247.1      -210.0    1.1817        18.4       20.3        -1.9
2007 estimate...........................   2,540.1   2,784.3      -244.2    2,103.3   2,305.4      -202.2    1.2077        18.5       20.2        -1.8
2008 estimate...........................   2,662.5   2,901.9      -239.4    2,148.5   2,341.7      -193.2    1.2392        18.3       20.0        -1.6
2009 estimate...........................   2,798.3   2,985.5      -187.2    2,203.9   2,351.3      -147.4    1.2697        18.3       19.5        -1.2
 
2010 estimate...........................   2,954.7   3,049.1       -94.4    2,275.0   2,347.6       -72.7    1.2988        18.3       18.9        -0.6
2011 estimate...........................   3,103.6   3,157.3       -53.8    2,337.5   2,378.0       -40.5    1.3277        18.3       18.6        -0.3
2012 estimate...........................   3,307.3   3,246.3        61.0    2,437.8   2,392.8        45.0    1.3567        18.6       18.3         0.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 27]]

 
    Table 1.4--RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-) BY FUND GROUP: 1934-2012
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                   Receipts                                       Outlays                           Surplus or Deficit (-)
                                                               ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Fiscal Year                                       Federal     Trust      Interfund               Federal     Trust      Interfund                 Federal      Trust
                                                                  Total      Funds      Funds    Transactions    Total      Funds      Funds    Transactions     Total       Funds       Funds
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1934..........................................................      2,955      2,926         72          -42       6,541      6,558         25          -42       -3,586      -3,633          47
 
1935..........................................................      3,609      3,578         76          -45       6,412      6,427         30          -45       -2,803      -2,849          46
1936..........................................................      3,923      3,871        168         -116       8,228      8,335          9         -116       -4,304      -4,464         159
1937..........................................................      5,387      4,794        691          -99       7,580      7,620         58          -99       -2,193      -2,826         633
1938..........................................................      6,751      5,477      1,474         -201       6,840      6,689        351         -201          -89      -1,212       1,124
1939..........................................................      6,295      4,822      1,657         -184       9,141      8,718        607         -184       -2,846      -3,896       1,051
 
1940..........................................................      6,548      4,929      1,845         -225       9,468      8,974        720         -225       -2,920      -4,045       1,125
1941..........................................................      8,712      6,900      2,090         -277      13,653     13,260        671         -277       -4,941      -6,360       1,419
1942..........................................................     14,634     12,336      2,613         -315      35,137     34,831        620         -315      -20,503     -22,496       1,992
1943..........................................................     24,001     21,117      3,279         -395      78,555     78,765        185         -395      -54,554     -57,648       3,094
1944..........................................................     43,747     40,466      3,896         -615      91,304     92,284       -365         -615      -47,557     -51,818       4,261
 
1945..........................................................     45,159     41,875      5,045       -1,760      92,712     94,846       -374       -1,760      -47,553     -52,972       5,419
1946..........................................................     39,296     36,357      5,144       -2,205      55,232     56,204      1,234       -2,205      -15,936     -19,847       3,910
1947..........................................................     38,514     35,380      4,885       -1,751      34,496     34,803      1,444       -1,751        4,018         577       3,441
1948..........................................................     41,560     37,822      4,894       -1,156      29,764     28,988      1,932       -1,156       11,796       8,834       2,962
1949..........................................................     39,415     35,849      4,750       -1,184      38,835     37,686      2,333       -1,184          580      -1,838       2,417
 
1950..........................................................     39,443     35,334      5,823       -1,715      42,562     38,389      5,888       -1,715       -3,119      -3,055         -65
1951..........................................................     51,616     46,183      6,729       -1,296      45,514     43,732      3,078       -1,296        6,102       2,451       3,651
1952..........................................................     66,167     59,989      7,744       -1,566      67,686     64,994      4,257       -1,566       -1,519      -5,005       3,486
1953..........................................................     69,608     63,085      8,080       -1,557      76,101     73,006      4,652       -1,557       -6,493      -9,921       3,427
1954..........................................................     69,701     62,774      8,297       -1,370      70,855     65,924      6,301       -1,370       -1,154      -3,151       1,997
 
1955..........................................................     65,451     58,168      8,627       -1,344      68,444     62,341      7,447       -1,344       -2,993      -4,173       1,180
1956..........................................................     74,587     65,594     10,745       -1,753      70,640     64,281      8,111       -1,753        3,947       1,313       2,634
1957..........................................................     79,990     68,847     13,210       -2,067      76,578     67,189     11,456       -2,067        3,412       1,657       1,755
1958..........................................................     79,636     66,720     15,082       -2,166      82,405     69,737     14,834       -2,166       -2,769      -3,017         248
1959..........................................................     79,249     65,800     15,770       -2,321      92,098     77,071     17,348       -2,321      -12,849     -11,271      -1,578
 
1960..........................................................     92,492     75,647     19,232       -2,387      92,191     74,856     19,722       -2,387          301         791        -490
1961..........................................................     94,388     75,175     22,320       -3,107      97,723     79,368     21,462       -3,107       -3,335      -4,193         858
1962..........................................................     99,676     79,700     22,981       -3,005     106,821     86,546     23,280       -3,005       -7,146      -6,847        -299
1963..........................................................    106,560     84,013     25,792       -3,245     111,316     90,643     23,918       -3,245       -4,756      -6,630       1,874
1964..........................................................    112,613     87,511     28,461       -3,358     118,528     96,098     25,788       -3,358       -5,915      -8,588       2,673
 
1965..........................................................    116,817     90,943     29,202       -3,328     118,228     94,853     26,703       -3,328       -1,411      -3,910       2,499
1966..........................................................    130,835    101,428     32,959       -3,552     134,532    106,592     31,492       -3,552       -3,698      -5,165       1,467
1967..........................................................    148,822    111,835     42,213       -5,227     157,464    127,544     35,147       -5,227       -8,643     -15,709       7,066
1968..........................................................    152,973    114,726     44,011       -5,764     178,134    143,100     40,799       -5,764      -25,161     -28,373       3,212
1969..........................................................    186,882    143,322     51,108       -7,549     183,640    148,192     42,996       -7,549        3,242      -4,871       8,112
 
1970..........................................................    192,807    143,159     58,425       -8,777     195,649    156,327     48,099       -8,777       -2,842     -13,168      10,326
1971..........................................................    187,139    133,785     64,937      -11,583     210,172    163,681     58,074      -11,583      -23,033     -29,896       6,863
1972..........................................................    207,309    148,846     71,619      -13,156     230,681    178,142     65,695      -13,156      -23,373     -29,296       5,924
1973..........................................................    230,799    161,357     90,767      -21,325     245,707    187,040     79,993      -21,325      -14,908     -25,683      10,774
1974..........................................................    263,224    181,228    103,789      -21,793     269,359    201,372     89,780      -21,793       -6,135     -20,144      14,009
 
1975..........................................................    279,090    187,505    117,647      -26,061     332,332    248,169    110,225      -26,061      -53,242     -60,664       7,422
1976..........................................................    298,060    201,099    132,509      -35,548     371,792    277,236    130,104      -35,548      -73,732     -76,138       2,405
TQ............................................................     81,232     54,085     31,625       -4,478      95,975     66,878     33,576       -4,478      -14,744     -12,793      -1,951
1977..........................................................    355,559    241,312    151,503      -37,256     409,218    304,467    142,007      -37,256      -53,659     -63,155       9,495
1978..........................................................    399,561    270,490    166,468      -37,397     458,746    342,366    153,777      -37,397      -59,185     -71,876      12,691
1979..........................................................    463,302    316,366    188,072      -41,136     504,028    375,427    169,737      -41,136      -40,726     -59,061      18,335
 
1980..........................................................    517,112    350,856    212,106      -45,850     590,941    433,487    203,304      -45,850      -73,830     -82,632       8,802
1981..........................................................    599,272    410,422    240,601      -51,751     678,241    496,213    233,778      -51,751      -78,968     -85,791       6,823
1982..........................................................    617,766    409,253    270,138      -61,625     745,743    543,473    263,894      -61,625     -127,977    -134,221       6,244
1983..........................................................    600,562    382,432    319,363     -101,233     808,364    613,306    296,291     -101,233     -207,802    -230,874      23,072
1984..........................................................    666,486    420,399    338,661      -92,574     851,853    638,671    305,757      -92,574     -185,367    -218,272      32,905
 
1985..........................................................    734,088    460,311    397,500     -123,723     946,396    726,768    343,351     -123,723     -212,308    -266,457      54,149
1986..........................................................    769,215    474,125    423,377     -128,287     990,441    757,245    361,484     -128,287     -221,227    -283,120      61,893
1987..........................................................    854,353    538,709    444,203     -128,559   1,004,083    761,057    371,585     -128,559     -149,730    -222,348      72,618
1988..........................................................    909,303    561,447    491,202     -143,346   1,064,481    814,349    393,478     -143,346     -155,178    -252,902      97,724
1989..........................................................    991,190    615,322    535,941     -160,073   1,143,829    891,444    412,458     -160,073     -152,639    -276,122     123,483
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See note at end of table.


[[Page 28]]


                                                 Table 1.4--RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND SURPLUSES OR DEFICITS (-) BY FUND GROUP: 1934-2012--Continued
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                   Receipts                                       Outlays                           Surplus or Deficit (-)
                                                               ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Fiscal Year                                       Federal     Trust      Interfund               Federal     Trust      Interfund                 Federal      Trust
                                                                  Total      Funds      Funds    Transactions    Total      Funds      Funds    Transactions     Total       Funds       Funds
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1990..........................................................  1,032,094    635,963    566,931     -170,799   1,253,130    977,144    446,785     -170,799     -221,036    -341,181     120,145
1991..........................................................  1,055,093    641,624    603,912     -190,443   1,324,331  1,022,595    492,179     -190,443     -269,238    -380,971     111,733
1992..........................................................  1,091,328    656,344    636,125     -201,141   1,381,649  1,042,683    540,107     -201,141     -290,321    -386,338      96,018
1993..........................................................  1,154,471    705,526    671,516     -222,571   1,409,522  1,060,963    571,130     -222,571     -255,051    -355,436     100,385
1994..........................................................  1,258,721    775,121    694,016     -210,416   1,461,907  1,073,629    598,694     -210,416     -203,186    -298,508      95,322
 
1995..........................................................  1,351,932    838,933    729,028     -216,029   1,515,884  1,102,144    629,769     -216,029     -163,952    -263,211      99,259
1996..........................................................  1,453,177    917,249    775,748     -239,820   1,560,608  1,139,301    661,127     -239,820     -107,431    -222,052     114,621
1997..........................................................  1,579,423  1,010,446    818,347     -249,370   1,601,307  1,158,272    692,405     -249,370      -21,884    -147,826     125,942
1998..........................................................  1,721,955  1,113,624    870,967     -262,636   1,652,685  1,205,551    709,770     -262,636       69,270     -91,927     161,197
1999..........................................................  1,827,645  1,164,575    937,598     -274,528   1,702,035  1,251,695    724,868     -274,528      125,610     -87,120     212,730
 
2000..........................................................  2,025,457  1,325,994    995,181     -295,718   1,789,216  1,324,365    760,569     -295,718      236,241       1,629     234,612
2001..........................................................  1,991,426  1,256,736  1,049,511     -314,821   1,863,190  1,357,249    820,762     -314,821      128,236    -100,513     228,749
2002..........................................................  1,853,395  1,109,171  1,087,460     -343,236   2,011,153  1,469,327    885,062     -343,236     -157,758    -360,156     202,398
2003..........................................................  1,782,532  1,025,360  1,101,847     -344,675   2,160,117  1,581,337    923,455     -344,675     -377,585    -555,977     178,392
2004..........................................................  1,880,279  1,101,082  1,146,966     -367,769   2,293,006  1,706,447    954,328     -367,769     -412,727    -605,365     192,638
 
2005..........................................................  2,153,859  1,310,401  1,248,337     -404,879   2,472,205  1,865,494  1,011,590     -404,879     -318,346    -555,093     236,747
2006..........................................................  2,407,254  1,517,803  1,361,759     -472,308   2,655,435  2,055,074  1,072,669     -472,308     -248,181    -537,271     289,090
2007 estimate.................................................  2,540,096  1,635,493  1,429,229     -524,626   2,784,267  2,125,240  1,183,653     -524,626     -244,171    -489,747     245,576
2008 estimate.................................................  2,662,474  1,681,337  1,518,151     -537,014   2,901,861  2,214,620  1,224,255     -537,014     -239,387    -533,283     293,896
2009 estimate.................................................  2,798,307  1,774,042  1,585,988     -561,723   2,985,473  2,272,267  1,274,929     -561,723     -187,166    -498,225     311,059
 
2010 estimate.................................................  2,954,724  1,874,190  1,680,625     -600,091   3,049,085  2,303,088  1,346,088     -600,091      -94,361    -428,898     334,537
2011 estimate.................................................  3,103,554  1,965,503  1,782,534     -644,483   3,157,328  2,368,573  1,433,238     -644,483      -53,774    -403,070     349,296
2012 estimate.................................................  3,307,324  2,115,280  1,877,233     -685,189   3,246,306  2,411,986  1,519,509     -685,189       61,018    -296,706     357,724
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Receipts and outlays have been adjusted in this table by including interfund offsetting receipts of federal funds and trust funds in each fund's receipt totals and excluding them from
  the outlay totals.



[[Page 29]]

 
         Table 2.1--RECEIPTS BY SOURCE: 1934-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Social Insurance and Retirement                                     Total Receipts
                                 Individual  Corporation             Receipts \2\                                    -----------------------------------
          Fiscal Year              Income       Income   ------------------------------------   Excise     Other \3\
                                    Taxes     Taxes \1\                  (On-        (Off-     Taxes \2\                 Total       (On-        (Off-
                                                             Total      Budget)     Budget)                                         Budget)     Budget)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1934...........................        420          364          30         (30)  ..........      1,354         788       2,955      (2,955)  ..........
 
1935...........................        527          529          31         (31)  ..........      1,439       1,084       3,609      (3,609)  ..........
1936...........................        674          719          52         (52)  ..........      1,631         847       3,923      (3,923)  ..........
1937...........................      1,092        1,038         580        (315)       (265)      1,876         801       5,387      (5,122)       (265)
1938...........................      1,286        1,287       1,541      (1,154)       (387)      1,863         773       6,751      (6,364)       (387)
1939...........................      1,029        1,127       1,593      (1,090)       (503)      1,871         675       6,295      (5,792)       (503)
 
1940...........................        892        1,197       1,785      (1,235)       (550)      1,977         698       6,548      (5,998)       (550)
1941...........................      1,314        2,124       1,940      (1,252)       (688)      2,552         781       8,712      (8,024)       (688)
1942...........................      3,263        4,719       2,452      (1,557)       (896)      3,399         801      14,634     (13,738)       (896)
1943...........................      6,505        9,557       3,044      (1,913)     (1,130)      4,096         800      24,001     (22,871)     (1,130)
1944...........................     19,705       14,838       3,473      (2,181)     (1,292)      4,759         972      43,747     (42,455)     (1,292)
 
1945...........................     18,372       15,988       3,451      (2,141)     (1,310)      6,265       1,083      45,159     (43,849)     (1,310)
1946...........................     16,098       11,883       3,115      (1,877)     (1,238)      6,998       1,202      39,296     (38,057)     (1,238)
1947...........................     17,935        8,615       3,422      (1,963)     (1,459)      7,211       1,331      38,514     (37,055)     (1,459)
1948...........................     19,315        9,678       3,751      (2,134)     (1,616)      7,356       1,461      41,560     (39,944)     (1,616)
1949...........................     15,552       11,192       3,781      (2,091)     (1,690)      7,502       1,388      39,415     (37,724)     (1,690)
 
1950...........................     15,755       10,449       4,338      (2,232)     (2,106)      7,550       1,351      39,443     (37,336)     (2,106)
1951...........................     21,616       14,101       5,674      (2,554)     (3,120)      8,648       1,578      51,616     (48,496)     (3,120)
1952...........................     27,934       21,226       6,445      (2,851)     (3,594)      8,852       1,710      66,167     (62,573)     (3,594)
1953...........................     29,816       21,238       6,820      (2,723)     (4,097)      9,877       1,857      69,608     (65,511)     (4,097)
1954...........................     29,542       21,101       7,208      (2,619)     (4,589)      9,945       1,905      69,701     (65,112)     (4,589)
 
1955...........................     28,747       17,861       7,862      (2,781)     (5,081)      9,131       1,850      65,451     (60,370)     (5,081)
1956...........................     32,188       20,880       9,320      (2,896)     (6,425)      9,929       2,270      74,587     (68,162)     (6,425)
1957...........................     35,620       21,167       9,997      (3,208)     (6,789)     10,534       2,672      79,990     (73,201)     (6,789)
1958...........................     34,724       20,074      11,239      (3,190)     (8,049)     10,638       2,961      79,636     (71,587)     (8,049)
1959...........................     36,719       17,309      11,722      (3,427)     (8,296)     10,578       2,921      79,249     (70,953)     (8,296)
 
1960...........................     40,715       21,494      14,683      (4,042)    (10,641)     11,676       3,923      92,492     (81,851)    (10,641)
1961...........................     41,338       20,954      16,439      (4,331)    (12,109)     11,860       3,796      94,388     (82,279)    (12,109)
1962...........................     45,571       20,523      17,046      (4,776)    (12,271)     12,534       4,001      99,676     (87,405)    (12,271)
1963...........................     47,588       21,579      19,804      (5,629)    (14,175)     13,194       4,395     106,560     (92,385)    (14,175)
1964...........................     48,697       23,493      21,963      (5,597)    (16,366)     13,731       4,731     112,613     (96,248)    (16,366)
 
1965...........................     48,792       25,461      22,242      (5,519)    (16,723)     14,570       5,753     116,817    (100,094)    (16,723)
1966...........................     55,446       30,073      25,546      (6,460)    (19,085)     13,062       6,708     130,835    (111,749)    (19,085)
1967...........................     61,526       33,971      32,619      (8,217)    (24,401)     13,719       6,987     148,822    (124,420)    (24,401)
1968...........................     68,726       28,665      33,923      (9,007)    (24,917)     14,079       7,580     152,973    (128,056)    (24,917)
1969...........................     87,249       36,678      39,015     (10,062)    (28,953)     15,222       8,718     186,882    (157,928)    (28,953)
 
1970...........................     90,412       32,829      44,362     (10,903)    (33,459)     15,705       9,499     192,807    (159,348)    (33,459)
1971...........................     86,230       26,785      47,325     (11,481)    (35,845)     16,614      10,185     187,139    (151,294)    (35,845)
1972...........................     94,737       32,166      52,574     (12,667)    (39,907)     15,477      12,355     207,309    (167,402)    (39,907)
1973...........................    103,246       36,153      63,115     (17,031)    (46,084)     16,260      12,026     230,799    (184,715)    (46,084)
1974...........................    118,952       38,620      75,071     (21,146)    (53,925)     16,844      13,737     263,224    (209,299)    (53,925)
 
1975...........................    122,386       40,621      84,534     (22,077)    (62,458)     16,551      14,998     279,090    (216,633)    (62,458)
1976...........................    131,603       41,409      90,769     (24,381)    (66,389)     16,963      17,317     298,060    (231,671)    (66,389)
TQ.............................     38,801        8,460      25,219      (7,203)    (18,016)      4,473       4,279      81,232     (63,216)    (18,016)
1977...........................    157,626       54,892     106,485     (29,668)    (76,817)     17,548      19,008     355,559    (278,741)    (76,817)
1978...........................    180,988       59,952     120,967     (35,576)    (85,391)     18,376      19,278     399,561    (314,169)    (85,391)
1979...........................    217,841       65,677     138,939     (40,945)    (97,994)     18,745      22,101     463,302    (365,309)    (97,994)
 
1980...........................    244,069       64,600     157,803     (44,594)   (113,209)     24,329      26,311     517,112    (403,903)   (113,209)
1981...........................    285,917       61,137     182,720     (52,545)   (130,176)     40,839      28,659     599,272    (469,097)   (130,176)
1982...........................    297,744       49,207     201,498     (58,031)   (143,467)     36,311      33,006     617,766    (474,299)   (143,467)
1983...........................    288,938       37,022     208,994     (61,674)   (147,320)     35,300      30,309     600,562    (453,242)   (147,320)
1984...........................    298,415       56,893     239,376     (73,301)   (166,075)     37,361      34,440     666,486    (500,411)   (166,075)
 
1985...........................    334,531       61,331     265,163     (78,992)   (186,171)     35,992      37,072     734,088    (547,918)   (186,171)
1986...........................    348,959       63,143     283,901     (83,673)   (200,228)     32,919      40,292     769,215    (568,986)   (200,228)
1987...........................    392,557       83,926     303,318     (89,916)   (213,402)     32,457      42,095     854,353    (640,951)   (213,402)
1988...........................    401,181       94,508     334,335     (92,845)   (241,491)     35,227      44,051     909,303    (667,812)   (241,491)
1989...........................    445,690      103,291     359,416     (95,751)   (263,666)     34,386      48,407     991,190    (727,525)   (263,666)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 30]]


      Table 2.1--RECEIPTS BY SOURCE: 1934-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Social Insurance and Retirement                                     Total Receipts
                                 Individual  Corporation             Receipts \2\                                    -----------------------------------
          Fiscal Year              Income       Income   ------------------------------------   Excise     Other \3\
                                    Taxes     Taxes \1\                  (On-        (Off-     Taxes \2\                 Total       (On-        (Off-
                                                             Total      Budget)     Budget)                                         Budget)     Budget)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1990...........................    466,884       93,507     380,047     (98,392)   (281,656)     35,345      56,311   1,032,094    (750,439)   (281,656)
1991...........................    467,827       98,086     396,016    (102,131)   (293,885)     42,402      50,762   1,055,093    (761,209)   (293,885)
1992...........................    475,964      100,270     413,689    (111,263)   (302,426)     45,569      55,836   1,091,328    (788,902)   (302,426)
1993...........................    509,680      117,520     428,300    (116,366)   (311,934)     48,057      50,914   1,154,471    (842,537)   (311,934)
1994...........................    543,055      140,385     461,475    (126,450)   (335,026)     55,225      58,581   1,258,721    (923,695)   (335,026)
 
1995...........................    590,244      157,004     484,473    (133,394)   (351,079)     57,484      62,727   1,351,932   (1,000,853   (351,079)
                                                                                                                                           )
1996...........................    656,417      171,824     509,414    (141,922)   (367,492)     54,014      61,508   1,453,177   (1,085,685   (367,492)
                                                                                                                                           )
1997...........................    737,466      182,293     539,371    (147,381)   (391,990)     56,924      63,369   1,579,423   (1,187,433   (391,990)
                                                                                                                                           )
1998...........................    828,586      188,677     571,831    (156,032)   (415,799)     57,673      75,188   1,721,955   (1,306,156   (415,799)
                                                                                                                                           )
1999...........................    879,480      184,680     611,833    (167,365)   (444,468)     70,414      81,238   1,827,645   (1,383,177   (444,468)
                                                                                                                                           )
 
2000...........................  1,004,462      207,289     652,852    (172,268)   (480,584)     68,865      91,989   2,025,457   (1,544,873   (480,584)
                                                                                                                                           )
2001...........................    994,339      151,075     693,967    (186,448)   (507,519)     66,232      85,813   1,991,426   (1,483,907   (507,519)
                                                                                                                                           )
2002...........................    858,345      148,044     700,760    (185,439)   (515,321)     66,989      79,257   1,853,395   (1,338,074   (515,321)
                                                                                                                                           )
2003...........................    793,699      131,778     712,978    (189,136)   (523,842)     67,524      76,553   1,782,532   (1,258,690   (523,842)
                                                                                                                                           )
2004...........................    808,959      189,371     733,407    (198,662)   (534,745)     69,855      78,687   1,880,279   (1,345,534   (534,745)
                                                                                                                                           )
 
2005...........................    927,222      278,282     794,125    (216,649)   (577,476)     73,094      81,136   2,153,859   (1,576,383   (577,476)
                                                                                                                                           )
2006...........................  1,043,908      353,915     837,821    (229,439)   (608,382)     73,961      97,649   2,407,254   (1,798,872   (608,382)
                                                                                                                                           )
2007 estimate..................  1,168,846      342,057     873,377    (239,247)   (634,130)     57,062      98,754   2,540,096   (1,905,966   (634,130)
                                                                                                                                           )
2008 estimate..................  1,246,614      314,941     927,195    (253,110)   (674,085)     68,106     105,618   2,662,474   (1,988,389   (674,085)
                                                                                                                                           )
2009 estimate..................  1,331,137      319,810     974,214    (262,844)   (711,370)     63,077     110,069   2,798,307   (2,086,937   (711,370)
                                                                                                                                           )
 
2010 estimate..................  1,428,317      325,459   1,029,309    (276,027)   (753,282)     63,600     108,039   2,954,724   (2,201,442   (753,282)
                                                                                                                                           )
2011 estimate..................  1,517,289      340,577   1,085,691    (289,901)   (795,790)     68,597      91,400   3,103,554   (2,307,764   (795,790)
                                                                                                                                           )
2012 estimate..................  1,636,567      366,636   1,138,756    (303,439)   (835,317)     71,325      94,040   3,307,324   (2,472,007   (835,317)
                                                                                                                                           )
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Beginning in 1987, includes trust fund receipts for the hazardous substance superfund. The trust fund amounts are as follows (in millions of
  dollars): 1987: 196; 1988: 313; 1989: 292; 1990: 461; 1991: 591; 1992: 380; 1993: 886; 1994: 653; 1995: 612; 1996: 323; 1997: 4; 1998: 79; 1999: 10;
  2000: 3. In 1989 and 1990, includes trust fund receipts for the supplementary medical insurance trust fund. The trust fund amounts are (in millions of
  dollars): 527 in 1989 and -527 in 1990.
\2\ See Table 2.4 for additional details.
\3\ See Table 2.5 for additional details.



[[Page 31]]

 
     Table 2.2--PERCENTAGE COMPOSITION OF RECEIPTS BY SOURCE: 1934-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Social Insurance and Retirement                                     Total Receipts
                                 Individual  Corporation               Receipts                                      -----------------------------------
          Fiscal Year              Income       Income   ------------------------------------    Excise      Other
                                    Taxes       Taxes                    (On-        (Off-       Taxes                   Total       (On-        (Off-
                                                             Total      Budget)     Budget)                                         Budget)     Budget)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1934...........................       14.2         12.3         1.0        (1.0)  ..........       45.8        26.7       100.0      (100.0)  ..........
 
1935...........................       14.6         14.7         0.9        (0.9)  ..........       39.9        30.0       100.0      (100.0)  ..........
1936...........................       17.2         18.3         1.3        (1.3)  ..........       41.6        21.6       100.0      (100.0)  ..........
1937...........................       20.3         19.3        10.8        (5.9)       (4.9)       34.8        14.9       100.0       (95.1)       (4.9)
1938...........................       19.1         19.1        22.8       (17.1)       (5.7)       27.6        11.5       100.0       (94.3)       (5.7)
1939...........................       16.3         17.9        25.3       (17.3)       (8.0)       29.7        10.7       100.0       (92.0)       (8.0)
 
1940...........................       13.6         18.3        27.3       (18.9)       (8.4)       30.2        10.7       100.0       (91.6)       (8.4)
1941...........................       15.1         24.4        22.3       (14.4)       (7.9)       29.3         9.0       100.0       (92.1)       (7.9)
1942...........................       22.3         32.2        16.8       (10.6)       (6.1)       23.2         5.5       100.0       (93.9)       (6.1)
1943...........................       27.1         39.8        12.7        (8.0)       (4.7)       17.1         3.3       100.0       (95.3)       (4.7)
1944...........................       45.0         33.9         7.9        (5.0)       (3.0)       10.9         2.2       100.0       (97.0)       (3.0)
 
1945...........................       40.7         35.4         7.6        (4.7)       (2.9)       13.9         2.4       100.0       (97.1)       (2.9)
1946...........................       41.0         30.2         7.9        (4.8)       (3.2)       17.8         3.1       100.0       (96.8)       (3.2)
1947...........................       46.6         22.4         8.9        (5.1)       (3.8)       18.7         3.5       100.0       (96.2)       (3.8)
1948...........................       46.5         23.3         9.0        (5.1)       (3.9)       17.7         3.5       100.0       (96.1)       (3.9)
1949...........................       39.5         28.4         9.6        (5.3)       (4.3)       19.0         3.5       100.0       (95.7)       (4.3)
 
1950...........................       39.9         26.5        11.0        (5.7)       (5.3)       19.1         3.4       100.0       (94.7)       (5.3)
1951...........................       41.9         27.3        11.0        (4.9)       (6.0)       16.8         3.1       100.0       (94.0)       (6.0)
1952...........................       42.2         32.1         9.7        (4.3)       (5.4)       13.4         2.6       100.0       (94.6)       (5.4)
1953...........................       42.8         30.5         9.8        (3.9)       (5.9)       14.2         2.7       100.0       (94.1)       (5.9)
1954...........................       42.4         30.3        10.3        (3.8)       (6.6)       14.3         2.7       100.0       (93.4)       (6.6)
 
1955...........................       43.9         27.3        12.0        (4.2)       (7.8)       14.0         2.8       100.0       (92.2)       (7.8)
1956...........................       43.2         28.0        12.5        (3.9)       (8.6)       13.3         3.0       100.0       (91.4)       (8.6)
1957...........................       44.5         26.5        12.5        (4.0)       (8.5)       13.2         3.3       100.0       (91.5)       (8.5)
1958...........................       43.6         25.2        14.1        (4.0)      (10.1)       13.4         3.7       100.0       (89.9)      (10.1)
1959...........................       46.3         21.8        14.8        (4.3)      (10.5)       13.3         3.7       100.0       (89.5)      (10.5)
 
1960...........................       44.0         23.2        15.9        (4.4)      (11.5)       12.6         4.2       100.0       (88.5)      (11.5)
1961...........................       43.8         22.2        17.4        (4.6)      (12.8)       12.6         4.0       100.0       (87.2)      (12.8)
1962...........................       45.7         20.6        17.1        (4.8)      (12.3)       12.6         4.0       100.0       (87.7)      (12.3)
1963...........................       44.7         20.3        18.6        (5.3)      (13.3)       12.4         4.1       100.0       (86.7)      (13.3)
1964...........................       43.2         20.9        19.5        (5.0)      (14.5)       12.2         4.2       100.0       (85.5)      (14.5)
 
1965...........................       41.8         21.8        19.0        (4.7)      (14.3)       12.5         4.9       100.0       (85.7)      (14.3)
1966...........................       42.4         23.0        19.5        (4.9)      (14.6)       10.0         5.1       100.0       (85.4)      (14.6)
1967...........................       41.3         22.8        21.9        (5.5)      (16.4)        9.2         4.7       100.0       (83.6)      (16.4)
1968...........................       44.9         18.7        22.2        (5.9)      (16.3)        9.2         5.0       100.0       (83.7)      (16.3)
1969...........................       46.7         19.6        20.9        (5.4)      (15.5)        8.1         4.7       100.0       (84.5)      (15.5)
 
1970...........................       46.9         17.0        23.0        (5.7)      (17.4)        8.1         4.9       100.0       (82.6)      (17.4)
1971...........................       46.1         14.3        25.3        (6.1)      (19.2)        8.9         5.4       100.0       (80.8)      (19.2)
1972...........................       45.7         15.5        25.4        (6.1)      (19.2)        7.5         6.0       100.0       (80.7)      (19.2)
1973...........................       44.7         15.7        27.3        (7.4)      (20.0)        7.0         5.2       100.0       (80.0)      (20.0)
1974...........................       45.2         14.7        28.5        (8.0)      (20.5)        6.4         5.2       100.0       (79.5)      (20.5)
 
1975...........................       43.9         14.6        30.3        (7.9)      (22.4)        5.9         5.4       100.0       (77.6)      (22.4)
1976...........................       44.2         13.9        30.5        (8.2)      (22.3)        5.7         5.8       100.0       (77.7)      (22.3)
TQ.............................       47.8         10.4        31.0        (8.9)      (22.2)        5.5         5.3       100.0       (77.8)      (22.2)
1977...........................       44.3         15.4        29.9        (8.3)      (21.6)        4.9         5.3       100.0       (78.4)      (21.6)
1978...........................       45.3         15.0        30.3        (8.9)      (21.4)        4.6         4.8       100.0       (78.6)      (21.4)
1979...........................       47.0         14.2        30.0        (8.8)      (21.2)        4.0         4.8       100.0       (78.8)      (21.2)
 
1980...........................       47.2         12.5        30.5        (8.6)      (21.9)        4.7         5.1       100.0       (78.1)      (21.9)
1981...........................       47.7         10.2        30.5        (8.8)      (21.7)        6.8         4.8       100.0       (78.3)      (21.7)
1982...........................       48.2          8.0        32.6        (9.4)      (23.2)        5.9         5.3       100.0       (76.8)      (23.2)
1983...........................       48.1          6.2        34.8       (10.3)      (24.5)        5.9         5.0       100.0       (75.5)      (24.5)
1984...........................       44.8          8.5        35.9       (11.0)      (24.9)        5.6         5.2       100.0       (75.1)      (24.9)
 
1985...........................       45.6          8.4        36.1       (10.8)      (25.4)        4.9         5.1       100.0       (74.6)      (25.4)
1986...........................       45.4          8.2        36.9       (10.9)      (26.0)        4.3         5.2       100.0       (74.0)      (26.0)
1987...........................       45.9          9.8        35.5       (10.5)      (25.0)        3.8         4.9       100.0       (75.0)      (25.0)
1988...........................       44.1         10.4        36.8       (10.2)      (26.6)        3.9         4.8       100.0       (73.4)      (26.6)
1989...........................       45.0         10.4        36.3        (9.7)      (26.6)        3.5         4.9       100.0       (73.4)      (26.6)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 32]]


   Table 2.2--PERCENTAGE COMPOSITION OF RECEIPTS BY SOURCE: 1934-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Social Insurance and Retirement                                     Total Receipts
                                 Individual  Corporation               Receipts                                      -----------------------------------
          Fiscal Year              Income       Income   ------------------------------------    Excise      Other
                                    Taxes       Taxes                    (On-        (Off-       Taxes                   Total       (On-        (Off-
                                                             Total      Budget)     Budget)                                         Budget)     Budget)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1990...........................       45.2          9.1        36.8        (9.5)      (27.3)        3.4         5.5       100.0       (72.7)      (27.3)
1991...........................       44.3          9.3        37.5        (9.7)      (27.9)        4.0         4.8       100.0       (72.1)      (27.9)
1992...........................       43.6          9.2        37.9       (10.2)      (27.7)        4.2         5.1       100.0       (72.3)      (27.7)
1993...........................       44.1         10.2        37.1       (10.1)      (27.0)        4.2         4.4       100.0       (73.0)      (27.0)
1994...........................       43.1         11.2        36.7       (10.0)      (26.6)        4.4         4.7       100.0       (73.4)      (26.6)
 
1995...........................       43.7         11.6        35.8        (9.9)      (26.0)        4.3         4.6       100.0       (74.0)      (26.0)
1996...........................       45.2         11.8        35.1        (9.8)      (25.3)        3.7         4.2       100.0       (74.7)      (25.3)
1997...........................       46.7         11.5        34.1        (9.3)      (24.8)        3.6         4.0       100.0       (75.2)      (24.8)
1998...........................       48.1         11.0        33.2        (9.1)      (24.1)        3.3         4.4       100.0       (75.9)      (24.1)
1999...........................       48.1         10.1        33.5        (9.2)      (24.3)        3.9         4.4       100.0       (75.7)      (24.3)
 
2000...........................       49.6         10.2        32.2        (8.5)      (23.7)        3.4         4.5       100.0       (76.3)      (23.7)
2001...........................       49.9          7.6        34.8        (9.4)      (25.5)        3.3         4.3       100.0       (74.5)      (25.5)
2002...........................       46.3          8.0        37.8       (10.0)      (27.8)        3.6         4.3       100.0       (72.2)      (27.8)
2003...........................       44.5          7.4        40.0       (10.6)      (29.4)        3.8         4.3       100.0       (70.6)      (29.4)
2004...........................       43.0         10.1        39.0       (10.6)      (28.4)        3.7         4.2       100.0       (71.6)      (28.4)
 
2005...........................       43.0         12.9        36.9       (10.1)      (26.8)        3.4         3.8       100.0       (73.2)      (26.8)
2006...........................       43.4         14.7        34.8        (9.5)      (25.3)        3.1         4.1       100.0       (74.7)      (25.3)
2007 estimate..................       46.0         13.5        34.4        (9.4)      (25.0)        2.2         3.9       100.0       (75.0)      (25.0)
2008 estimate..................       46.8         11.8        34.8        (9.5)      (25.3)        2.6         4.0       100.0       (74.7)      (25.3)
2009 estimate..................       47.6         11.4        34.8        (9.4)      (25.4)        2.3         3.9       100.0       (74.6)      (25.4)
 
2010 estimate..................       48.3         11.0        34.8        (9.3)      (25.5)        2.2         3.7       100.0       (74.5)      (25.5)
2011 estimate..................       48.9         11.0        35.0        (9.3)      (25.6)        2.2         2.9       100.0       (74.4)      (25.6)
2012 estimate..................       49.5         11.1        34.4        (9.2)      (25.3)        2.2         2.8       100.0       (74.7)      (25.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 33]]

 
      Table 2.3--RECEIPTS BY SOURCE AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1934-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Social Insurance and Retirement                                     Total Receipts
                                 Individual  Corporation               Receipts                                      -----------------------------------
          Fiscal Year              Income       Income   ------------------------------------   Excise       Other
                                    Taxes       Taxes                    (On-        (Off-      Taxes                    Total       (On-        (Off-
                                                             Total      Budget)     Budget)                                         Budget)     Budget)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1934...........................        0.7          0.6           *          (*)  ..........        2.2         1.3         4.8        (4.8)  ..........
 
1935...........................        0.8          0.8           *          (*)  ..........        2.1         1.6         5.2        (5.2)  ..........
1936...........................        0.9          0.9         0.1        (0.1)  ..........        2.1         1.1         5.0        (5.0)  ..........
1937...........................        1.2          1.2         0.7        (0.4)       (0.3)        2.1         0.9         6.1        (5.8)       (0.3)
1938...........................        1.4          1.4         1.7        (1.3)       (0.4)        2.1         0.9         7.6        (7.2)       (0.4)
1939...........................        1.2          1.3         1.8        (1.2)       (0.6)        2.1         0.8         7.1        (6.5)       (0.6)
 
1940...........................        0.9          1.2         1.8        (1.3)       (0.6)        2.0         0.7         6.8        (6.2)       (0.6)
1941...........................        1.2          1.9         1.7        (1.1)       (0.6)        2.2         0.7         7.6        (7.0)       (0.6)
1942...........................        2.3          3.3         1.7        (1.1)       (0.6)        2.4         0.6        10.1        (9.5)       (0.6)
1943...........................        3.6          5.3         1.7        (1.1)       (0.6)        2.3         0.4        13.3       (12.7)       (0.6)
1944...........................        9.4          7.1         1.7        (1.0)       (0.6)        2.3         0.5        20.9       (20.3)       (0.6)
 
1945...........................        8.3          7.2         1.6        (1.0)       (0.6)        2.8         0.5        20.4       (19.8)       (0.6)
1946...........................        7.2          5.3         1.4        (0.8)       (0.6)        3.1         0.5        17.6       (17.1)       (0.6)
1947...........................        7.7          3.7         1.5        (0.8)       (0.6)        3.1         0.6        16.5       (15.9)       (0.6)
1948...........................        7.5          3.8         1.5        (0.8)       (0.6)        2.9         0.6        16.2       (15.6)       (0.6)
1949...........................        5.7          4.1         1.4        (0.8)       (0.6)        2.8         0.5        14.5       (13.9)       (0.6)
 
1950...........................        5.8          3.8         1.6        (0.8)       (0.8)        2.8         0.5        14.4       (13.7)       (0.8)
1951...........................        6.7          4.4         1.8        (0.8)       (1.0)        2.7         0.5        16.1       (15.1)       (1.0)
1952...........................        8.0          6.1         1.8        (0.8)       (1.0)        2.5         0.5        19.0       (17.9)       (1.0)
1953...........................        8.0          5.7         1.8        (0.7)       (1.1)        2.6         0.5        18.7       (17.6)       (1.1)
1954...........................        7.8          5.6         1.9        (0.7)       (1.2)        2.6         0.5        18.5       (17.3)       (1.2)
 
1955...........................        7.3          4.5         2.0        (0.7)       (1.3)        2.3         0.5        16.6       (15.3)       (1.3)
1956...........................        7.5          4.9         2.2        (0.7)       (1.5)        2.3         0.5        17.5       (16.0)       (1.5)
1957...........................        7.9          4.7         2.2        (0.7)       (1.5)        2.3         0.6        17.8       (16.3)       (1.5)
1958...........................        7.5          4.4         2.4        (0.7)       (1.7)        2.3         0.6        17.3       (15.5)       (1.7)
1959...........................        7.5          3.5         2.4        (0.7)       (1.7)        2.2         0.6        16.1       (14.4)       (1.7)
 
1960...........................        7.9          4.2         2.8        (0.8)       (2.1)        2.3         0.8        17.9       (15.8)       (2.1)
1961...........................        7.8          3.9         3.1        (0.8)       (2.3)        2.2         0.7        17.8       (15.5)       (2.3)
1962...........................        8.0          3.6         3.0        (0.8)       (2.2)        2.2         0.7        17.6       (15.4)       (2.2)
1963...........................        7.9          3.6         3.3        (0.9)       (2.4)        2.2         0.7        17.8       (15.4)       (2.4)
1964...........................        7.6          3.7         3.4        (0.9)       (2.6)        2.1         0.7        17.6       (15.0)       (2.6)
 
1965...........................        7.1          3.7         3.2        (0.8)       (2.4)        2.1         0.8        17.0       (14.6)       (2.4)
1966...........................        7.4          4.0         3.4        (0.9)       (2.5)        1.7         0.9        17.4       (14.8)       (2.5)
1967...........................        7.6          4.2         4.0        (1.0)       (3.0)        1.7         0.9        18.3       (15.3)       (3.0)
1968...........................        7.9          3.3         3.9        (1.0)       (2.9)        1.6         0.9        17.7       (14.8)       (2.9)
1969...........................        9.2          3.9         4.1        (1.1)       (3.1)        1.6         0.9        19.7       (16.6)       (3.1)
 
1970...........................        8.9          3.2         4.4        (1.1)       (3.3)        1.6         0.9        19.0       (15.7)       (3.3)
1971...........................        8.0          2.5         4.4        (1.1)       (3.3)        1.5         0.9        17.3       (14.0)       (3.3)
1972...........................        8.0          2.7         4.5        (1.1)       (3.4)        1.3         1.0        17.6       (14.2)       (3.4)
1973...........................        7.9          2.8         4.8        (1.3)       (3.5)        1.2         0.9        17.7       (14.1)       (3.5)
1974...........................        8.3          2.7         5.2        (1.5)       (3.7)        1.2         1.0        18.3       (14.5)       (3.7)
 
1975...........................        7.8          2.6         5.4        (1.4)       (4.0)        1.1         1.0        17.9       (13.9)       (4.0)
1976...........................        7.6          2.4         5.2        (1.4)       (3.8)        1.0         1.0        17.2       (13.3)       (3.8)
TQ.............................        8.5          1.9         5.5        (1.6)       (3.9)        1.0         0.9        17.8       (13.8)       (3.9)
1977...........................        8.0          2.8         5.4        (1.5)       (3.9)        0.9         1.0        18.0       (14.1)       (3.9)
1978...........................        8.2          2.7         5.5        (1.6)       (3.9)        0.8         0.9        18.0       (14.2)       (3.9)
1979...........................        8.7          2.6         5.6        (1.6)       (3.9)        0.7         0.9        18.5       (14.6)       (3.9)
 
1980...........................        9.0          2.4         5.8        (1.6)       (4.2)        0.9         1.0        19.0       (14.8)       (4.2)
1981...........................        9.4          2.0         6.0        (1.7)       (4.3)        1.3         0.9        19.6       (15.4)       (4.3)
1982...........................        9.2          1.5         6.2        (1.8)       (4.4)        1.1         1.0        19.1       (14.7)       (4.4)
1983...........................        8.4          1.1         6.1        (1.8)       (4.3)        1.0         0.9        17.5       (13.2)       (4.3)
1984...........................        7.8          1.5         6.2        (1.9)       (4.3)        1.0         0.9        17.4       (13.0)       (4.3)
 
1985...........................        8.1          1.5         6.4        (1.9)       (4.5)        0.9         0.9        17.7       (13.2)       (4.5)
1986...........................        7.9          1.4         6.4        (1.9)       (4.5)        0.7         0.9        17.4       (12.9)       (4.5)
1987...........................        8.4          1.8         6.5        (1.9)       (4.6)        0.7         0.9        18.4       (13.8)       (4.6)
1988...........................        8.0          1.9         6.7        (1.9)       (4.8)        0.7         0.9        18.2       (13.3)       (4.8)
1989...........................        8.3          1.9         6.7        (1.8)       (4.9)        0.6         0.9        18.4       (13.5)       (4.9)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 34]]


         Table 2.3--RECEIPTS BY SOURCE AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1934-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Social Insurance and Retirement                                     Total Receipts
                                 Individual  Corporation               Receipts                                      -----------------------------------
          Fiscal Year              Income       Income   ------------------------------------   Excise       Other
                                    Taxes       Taxes                    (On-        (Off-      Taxes                    Total       (On-        (Off-
                                                             Total      Budget)     Budget)                                         Budget)     Budget)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1990...........................        8.1          1.6         6.6        (1.7)       (4.9)        0.6         1.0        18.0       (13.1)       (4.9)
1991...........................        7.9          1.7         6.7        (1.7)       (5.0)        0.7         0.9        17.8       (12.8)       (5.0)
1992...........................        7.6          1.6         6.6        (1.8)       (4.8)        0.7         0.9        17.5       (12.6)       (4.8)
1993...........................        7.8          1.8         6.5        (1.8)       (4.7)        0.7         0.8        17.6       (12.8)       (4.7)
1994...........................        7.8          2.0         6.6        (1.8)       (4.8)        0.8         0.8        18.1       (13.3)       (4.8)
 
1995...........................        8.1          2.1         6.6        (1.8)       (4.8)        0.8         0.9        18.5       (13.7)       (4.8)
1996...........................        8.5          2.2         6.6        (1.8)       (4.8)        0.7         0.8        18.9       (14.1)       (4.8)
1997...........................        9.0          2.2         6.6        (1.8)       (4.8)        0.7         0.8        19.3       (14.5)       (4.8)
1998...........................        9.6          2.2         6.6        (1.8)       (4.8)        0.7         0.9        20.0       (15.1)       (4.8)
1999...........................        9.6          2.0         6.7        (1.8)       (4.9)        0.8         0.9        20.0       (15.2)       (4.9)
 
2000...........................       10.3          2.1         6.7        (1.8)       (4.9)        0.7         0.9        20.9       (15.9)       (4.9)
2001...........................        9.9          1.5         6.9        (1.9)       (5.0)        0.7         0.9        19.8       (14.8)       (5.0)
2002...........................        8.3          1.4         6.8        (1.8)       (5.0)        0.6         0.8        17.9       (12.9)       (5.0)
2003...........................        7.3          1.2         6.6        (1.7)       (4.8)        0.6         0.7        16.5       (11.6)       (4.8)
2004...........................        7.0          1.6         6.4        (1.7)       (4.6)        0.6         0.7        16.3       (11.7)       (4.6)
 
2005...........................        7.6          2.3         6.5        (1.8)       (4.7)        0.6         0.7        17.6       (12.9)       (4.7)
2006...........................        8.0          2.7         6.4        (1.8)       (4.7)        0.6         0.7        18.4       (13.8)       (4.7)
2007 estimate..................        8.5          2.5         6.3        (1.7)       (4.6)        0.4         0.7        18.5       (13.9)       (4.6)
2008 estimate..................        8.6          2.2         6.4        (1.7)       (4.6)        0.5         0.7        18.3       (13.7)       (4.6)
2009 estimate..................        8.7          2.1         6.4        (1.7)       (4.6)        0.4         0.7        18.3       (13.6)       (4.6)
 
2010 estimate..................        8.9          2.0         6.4        (1.7)       (4.7)        0.4         0.7        18.3       (13.7)       (4.7)
2011 estimate..................        9.0          2.0         6.4        (1.7)       (4.7)        0.4         0.5        18.3       (13.6)       (4.7)
2012 estimate..................        9.2          2.1         6.4        (1.7)       (4.7)        0.4         0.5        18.6       (13.9)       (4.7)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 35]]

 
  Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1940       1941       1942       1943       1944       1945       1946       1947       1948
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance:
    Federal funds....................................         54          2         -1         -1         -2         -3         -3         -5         -5
    Trust funds (Off-Budget).........................        550        688        896      1,130      1,292      1,310      1,238      1,459      1,616
  Railroad retirement/pension fund:
    Federal funds....................................          1         23         29         -6          4        -24        -10         82       -201
    Trust funds......................................        120        114        141        215        263        309        292        298        758
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\......................................        725        827      1,064      1,338      1,557      1,592      1,517      1,835      2,168
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Federal funds......................................        111        103        126        167        190        194        190        196        206
  Trust funds........................................        904        953      1,172      1,310      1,454      1,375      1,126      1,133      1,138
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................      1,015      1,056      1,299      1,477      1,644      1,568      1,316      1,329      1,343
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share.......         44         56         88        227        270        289        280        256        236
  Non-Federal employees retirement...................          1          1          1          2          2          2          2          3          3
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................         45         57         89        229        272        291        282        259        239
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts       1,785      1,940      2,452      3,044      3,473      3,451      3,115      3,422      3,751
       \1\...........................................
                                                      ==================================================================================================
                     Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol............................................        623        818      1,046      1,422      1,604      2,275      2,490      2,429      2,217
  Tobacco............................................        606        691        779        913        986        929      1,156      1,231      1,297
  Other..............................................        748      1,043      1,573      1,760      2,169      3,061      3,352      3,551      3,842
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................      1,977      2,552      3,399      4,096      4,759      6,265      6,998      7,211      7,356
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes.............................      1,977      2,552      3,399      4,096      4,759      6,265      6,998      7,211      7,356
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 36]]


  Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1949       1950       1951       1952       1953       1954       1955       1956       1957
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance:
    Federal funds....................................         -8         -8        -10        -14  .........  .........        300  .........  .........
    Trust funds (Off-Budget).........................      1,690      2,106      3,120      3,594      4,097      4,589      5,081      6,425      6,457
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget)..................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        332
  Railroad retirement/pension fund:
    Federal funds....................................        -11         -*          3          *          *         -*          *          *  .........
    Trust funds......................................        574        550        575        735        625        603        600        634        616
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\......................................      2,246      2,648      3,688      4,315      4,722      5,192      5,981      7,059      7,405
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Federal funds......................................        220        224        231        257        274        283        278        322        328
  Trust funds........................................        985      1,108      1,378      1,455      1,401      1,278      1,172      1,368      1,623
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................      1,205      1,332      1,609      1,712      1,675      1,561      1,449      1,690      1,950
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share.......        326        354        373        413        418        450        426        566        636
  Non-Federal employees retirement...................          4          4          4          5          5          5          6          5          5
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................        330        358        377        418        423        455        431        571        642
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts       3,781      4,338      5,674      6,445      6,820      7,208      7,862      9,320      9,997
       \1\...........................................
                                                      ==================================================================================================
                     Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol............................................      2,168      2,180      2,508      2,515      2,723      2,738      2,689      2,866      2,915
  Tobacco............................................      1,319      1,326      1,378      1,562      1,652      1,578      1,568      1,607      1,669
  Other..............................................      4,015      4,044      4,761      4,775      5,501      5,630      4,874      5,455      4,472
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................      7,502      7,550      8,648      8,852      9,877      9,945      9,131      9,929      9,055
 
Trust funds:
  Highway............................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,479
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,479
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes.............................      7,502      7,550      8,648      8,852      9,877      9,945      9,131      9,929     10,534
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 37]]


       Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1958       1959       1960       1961       1962       1963       1964       1965
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................      7,138      7,418      9,671     11,104     11,267     13,117     15,242     15,567
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................        911        878        970      1,005      1,004      1,058      1,124      1,156
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................        575        525        607        571        564        572        593        636
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................      8,624      8,821     11,248     12,679     12,835     14,746     16,959     17,358
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Federal funds.................................................        333        321        339  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Trust funds...................................................      1,601      1,810      2,329      2,903      3,337      4,112      3,997      3,803
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      1,933      2,131      2,667      2,903      3,337      4,112      3,997      3,803
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................        673        760        758        845        863        933        992      1,064
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................          9         10         10         12         12         13         15         16
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................        682        770        768        857        875        946      1,007      1,081
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........     11,239     11,722     14,683     16,439     17,046     19,804     21,963     22,242
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      2,882      2,938      3,127      3,146      3,268      3,366      3,499      3,689
  Tobacco.......................................................      1,728      1,798      1,927      1,986      2,022      2,075      2,048      2,142
  Other.........................................................      4,002      3,767      4,084      3,931      4,295      4,474      4,664      5,081
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      8,612      8,504      9,137      9,063      9,585      9,915     10,211     10,911
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................      2,026      2,074      2,539      2,798      2,949      3,279      3,519      3,659
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      2,026      2,074      2,539      2,798      2,949      3,279      3,519      3,659
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     10,638     10,578     11,676     11,860     12,534     13,194     13,731     14,570
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 38]]


    Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1966       1967       1968       1969       1970       1971       1972       1973
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................     17,556     22,197     22,265     25,484     29,396     31,354     35,132     40,703
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................      1,530      2,204      2,651      3,469      4,063      4,490      4,775      5,381
  Hospital insurance............................................        893      2,645      3,493      4,398      4,755      4,874      5,205      7,603
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................        683        776        814        885        919        980      1,008      1,189
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................     20,662     27,823     29,224     34,236     39,133     41,699     46,120     54,876
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Trust funds...................................................      3,755      3,575      3,346      3,328      3,464      3,674      4,357      6,051
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      3,755      3,575      3,346      3,328      3,464      3,674      4,357      6,051
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................      1,111      1,202      1,334      1,426      1,735      1,916      2,058      2,146
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................         18         19         20         24         29         37         39         41
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      1,129      1,221      1,354      1,451      1,765      1,952      2,097      2,187
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........     25,546     32,619     33,923     39,015     44,362     47,325     52,574     63,115
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      3,720      3,980      4,189      4,447      4,646      4,696      5,004      5,040
  Tobacco.......................................................      2,066      2,077      2,121      2,136      2,093      2,205      2,205      2,274
  Other.........................................................      3,358      3,221      3,391      4,002      3,613      3,609      2,297      2,522
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      9,145      9,278      9,700     10,585     10,352     10,510      9,506      9,836
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................      3,917      4,441      4,379      4,637      5,354      5,542      5,322      5,665
  Airport and airway............................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        563        649        758
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      3,917      4,441      4,379      4,637      5,354      6,104      5,971      6,424
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     13,062     13,719     14,079     15,222     15,705     16,614     15,477     16,260
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 39]]


     Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1974       1975       1976        TQ        1977       1978       1979       1980
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................     47,778     55,207     58,703     15,886     68,032     73,141     83,410     96,581
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................      6,147      7,250      7,686      2,130      8,786     12,250     14,584     16,628
  Hospital insurance............................................     10,551     11,252     11,987      3,457     13,474     16,668     19,874     23,217
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................      1,411      1,489      1,525        328      1,908      1,822      2,190      2,323
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................     65,888     75,199     79,901     21,801     92,199    103,881    120,058    138,748
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Trust funds...................................................      6,837      6,771      8,054      2,698     11,312     13,850     15,387     15,336
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      6,837      6,771      8,054      2,698     11,312     13,850     15,387     15,336
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................      2,302      2,513      2,760        707      2,915      3,174      3,428      3,660
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................         45         52         54         13         59         62         66         59
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      2,347      2,565      2,814        720      2,974      3,237      3,494      3,719
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........     75,071     84,534     90,769     25,219    106,485    120,967    138,939    157,803
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      5,248      5,238      5,318      1,279      5,295      5,492      5,531      5,601
  Tobacco.......................................................      2,435      2,312      2,484        622      2,393      2,444      2,492      2,443
  Crude oil windfall profit.....................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      6,934
  Other.........................................................      2,060      1,850      2,810        619      1,960      2,118      1,785        585
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      9,743      9,400     10,612      2,520      9,648     10,054      9,808     15,563
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................      6,260      6,188      5,413      1,676      6,709      6,904      7,189      6,620
  Airport and airway............................................        840        962        938        277      1,191      1,326      1,526      1,874
  Black lung disability.........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         92        222        272
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      7,100      7,151      6,351      1,953      7,900      8,323      8,937      8,766
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     16,844     16,551     16,963      4,473     17,548     18,376     18,745     24,329
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 40]]


  Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1981       1982       1983       1984       1985       1986       1987       1988
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................    117,757    122,840    128,972    150,312    169,822    182,518    194,541    220,337
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................     12,418     20,626     18,348     15,763     16,348     17,711     18,860     21,154
  Hospital insurance............................................     30,340     34,301     35,641     40,262     44,871     51,335     55,992     59,859
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................      2,457      2,917      2,805      3,321      2,213      2,103      2,220      2,326
  Railroad social security equivalent account...................  .........  .........  .........  .........      1,391      1,395      1,414      1,417
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................    162,973    180,686    185,766    209,658    234,646    255,062    273,028    305,093
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Trust funds...................................................     15,763     16,600     18,799     25,138     25,758     24,098     25,575     24,584
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     15,763     16,600     18,799     25,138     25,758     24,098     25,575     24,584
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................      3,908      4,140      4,351      4,494      4,672      4,645      4,613      4,537
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................         76         72         78         86         87         96        102        122
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      3,984      4,212      4,429      4,580      4,759      4,742      4,715      4,658
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........    182,720    201,498    208,994    239,376    265,163    283,901    303,318    334,335
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      5,606      5,382      5,557      5,315      5,562      5,828      5,971      5,709
  Tobacco.......................................................      2,581      2,537      4,136      4,660      4,779      4,589      4,763      4,616
  Crude oil windfall profit.....................................     23,252     18,407     12,135      8,906      6,348      2,251  .........  .........
  Telephone.....................................................  .........  .........  .........      2,035      2,147      2,339      2,522      2,610
  Other.........................................................      2,689      2,344      2,258      1,363        261      1,046      1,588      3,250
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     34,128     28,670     24,086     22,279     19,097     16,053     14,844     16,185
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................      6,305      6,744      8,297     11,743     13,015     13,363     13,032     14,114
  Airport and airway............................................         21        133      2,165      2,499      2,851      2,736      3,060      3,189
  Black lung disability.........................................        237        491        494        518        581        547        572        594
  Inland waterway...............................................         20         30         29         39         40         40         48         48
  Hazardous substance superfund.................................        128        244        230        261        273         15        635        698
  Post-closure liability (hazardous waste)......................  .........  .........  .........          9          7         -*         -1         -9
  Aquatic resources.............................................  .........  .........  .........         12        126        165        194        208
  Leaking underground storage tank..............................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         73        125
  Vaccine injury compensation...................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         74
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      6,711      7,641     11,214     15,082     16,894     16,866     17,613     19,042
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     40,839     36,311     35,300     37,361     35,992     32,919     32,457     35,227
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 41]]


   Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1989       1990       1991       1992       1993       1994       1995       1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................    240,595    255,031    265,503    273,137    281,735    302,607    284,091    311,869
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................     23,071     26,625     28,382     29,289     30,199     32,419     66,988     55,623
  Hospital insurance............................................     65,396     68,556     72,842     79,108     81,224     90,062     96,024    104,997
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................      2,391      2,292      2,371      2,449      2,367      2,323      2,424      2,362
  Railroad social security equivalent account...................      1,407      1,387      1,428      1,508      1,414      1,399      1,518      1,510
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................    332,859    353,891    370,526    385,491    396,939    428,810    451,045    476,361
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Trust funds...................................................     22,011     21,635     20,922     23,410     26,556     28,004     28,878     28,584
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     22,011     21,635     20,922     23,410     26,556     28,004     28,878     28,584
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................      4,428      4,405      4,459      4,683      4,709      4,563      4,461      4,389
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................        119        117        108        105         96         98         89         80
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      4,546      4,522      4,568      4,788      4,805      4,661      4,550      4,469
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........    359,416    380,047    396,016    413,689    428,300    461,475    484,473    509,414
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      5,661      5,695      7,364      8,011      7,583      7,539      7,216      7,220
  Tobacco.......................................................      4,378      4,081      4,706      5,049      5,875      5,691      5,878      5,795
  Telephone.....................................................      2,791      2,995      3,094      3,146      3,320      3,526      3,794      4,234
  Ozone depleting chemicals/products............................  .........        360        562        637        854        761        616        320
  Transportation fuels..........................................  .........  .........      2,780      3,512      3,340      9,402      8,491      7,468
  Other.........................................................        317      2,460       -231      1,481      3,550      4,307        946        410
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     13,147     15,591     18,275     21,836     24,522     31,226     26,941     25,447
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................     15,628     13,867     16,979     16,733     18,039     16,668     22,611     24,651
  Airport and airway............................................      3,664      3,700      4,910      4,645      3,262      5,189      5,534      2,369
  Black lung disability.........................................        563        665        652        626        634        567        608        614
  Inland waterway...............................................         47         63         60         70         79         88        103        108
  Hazardous substance superfund.................................        883        818        810        818        826        807        867        313
  Post-closure liability (hazardous waste)......................         -1         -1  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Oil spill liability...........................................  .........        143        254        295        229         48        211         34
  Aquatic resources.............................................        187        218        260        271        276        301        306        315
  Leaking underground storage tank..............................        168        122        123        157        153        152        165         48
  Vaccine injury compensation...................................         99        159         81        118         38        179        138        115
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     21,239     19,754     24,127     23,733     23,535     23,999     30,543     28,567
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     34,386     35,345     42,402     45,569     48,057     55,225     57,484     54,014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 42]]


                      Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1997       1998       1999       2000       2001       2002       2003       2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................    336,729    358,784    383,559    411,677    434,057    440,541    447,806    457,120
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................     55,261     57,015     60,909     68,907     73,462     74,780     76,036     77,625
  Hospital insurance............................................    110,710    119,863    132,268    135,529    149,651    149,049    147,186    150,589
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................      2,440      2,583      2,629      2,688      2,658      2,525      2,333      2,297
  Railroad social security equivalent account...................      1,611      1,769      1,515      1,650      1,614      1,652      1,620      1,729
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................    506,751    540,014    580,880    620,451    661,442    668,547    674,981    689,360
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Trust funds...................................................     28,202     27,484     26,480     27,640     27,812     27,619     33,366     39,453
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     28,202     27,484     26,480     27,640     27,812     27,619     33,366     39,453
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................      4,344      4,259      4,400      4,691      4,647      4,533      4,578      4,543
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................         74         74         73         70         66         61         53         51
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      4,418      4,333      4,473      4,761      4,713      4,594      4,631      4,594
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........    539,371    571,831    611,833    652,852    693,967    700,760    712,978    733,407
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      7,257      7,215      7,386      8,140      7,624      7,764      7,893      8,105
  Tobacco.......................................................      5,873      5,657      5,400      7,221      7,396      8,274      7,934      7,926
  Telephone.....................................................      4,543      4,910      5,185      5,670      5,769      5,829      5,788      5,997
  Ozone depleting chemicals/products............................        130         98        105        125         32  .........  .........  .........
  Transportation fuels..........................................      7,107        589        849        819      1,150        814        920      1,381
  Other.........................................................      2,921      3,196        368        717      2,315      1,336      1,269      1,157
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     27,831     21,665     19,293     22,692     24,286     24,017     23,804     24,566
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................     23,867     26,628     39,299     34,972     31,469     32,603     33,726     34,711
  Airport and airway............................................      4,007      8,111     10,391      9,739      9,191      9,031      8,684      9,174
  Black lung disability.........................................        614        636        596        518        522        567        506        566
  Inland waterway...............................................         96         91        104        101        113         95         90         91
  Hazardous substance superfund.................................         71  .........         11          2          2  .........  .........  .........
  Oil spill liability...........................................          1  .........  .........        182  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Aquatic resources.............................................        316        290        374        342        358        386        392        416
  Leaking underground storage tank..............................         -2        136        216        184        179        181        184        189
  Vaccine injury compensation...................................        123        116        130        133        112        109        138        142
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     29,093     36,008     51,121     46,173     41,946     42,972     43,720     45,289
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     56,924     57,673     70,414     68,865     66,232     66,989     67,524     69,855
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 43]]


                      Table 2.4--COMPOSITION OF SOCIAL INSURANCE AND RETIREMENT RECEIPTS AND OF EXCISE TAXES: 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2007       2008       2009       2010       2011       2012
                                                                     2005       2006     estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts
Employment and general retirement:
  Old-age and survivors insurance (Off-Budget)..................    493,646    520,069    542,098    576,237    608,106    643,935    680,272    714,061
  Disability insurance (Off-Budget).............................     83,830     88,313     92,032     97,848    103,264    109,347    115,518    121,256
  Hospital insurance............................................    166,068    177,429    185,163    198,726    208,700    221,160    233,811    245,766
  Railroad retirement/pension fund..............................      2,284      2,338      2,364      2,441      2,529      2,473      2,507      2,712
  Railroad social security equivalent account...................      1,836      1,894      1,993      2,073      2,137      2,203      2,258      2,319
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total \1\.................................................    747,664    790,043    823,650    877,325    924,736    979,118  1,034,366  1,086,114
 
Unemployment insurance:
  Trust funds...................................................     42,002     43,420     44,985     45,203     44,647     45,251     46,331     47,642
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     42,002     43,420     44,985     45,203     44,647     45,251     46,331     47,642
 
Other retirement:
  Federal employees retirement--employee share..................      4,409      4,308      4,704      4,634      4,800      4,912      4,968      4,977
  Non-Federal employees retirement..............................         50         50         38         33         31         28         26         23
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................      4,459      4,358      4,742      4,667      4,831      4,940      4,994      5,000
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total social insurance and retirement receipts \1\........    794,125    837,821    873,377    927,195    974,214  1,029,309  1,085,691  1,138,756
                                                                 =======================================================================================
                          Excise Taxes
Federal funds:
  Alcohol.......................................................      8,111      8,484      8,614      8,722      8,927      9,109      9,318      9,524
  Tobacco.......................................................      7,920      7,710      7,605      7,496      7,393      7,298      7,208      7,123
  Telephone.....................................................      6,047      4,897    -11,628     -2,328  .........  .........  .........  .........
  Transportation fuels..........................................       -770     -2,386     -2,960     -3,533     -4,240     -4,988     -1,284        234
  Other.........................................................      1,239      3,755      1,493      1,947      1,866      1,902      1,965      2,036
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     22,547     22,460      3,124     12,304     13,946     13,321     17,207     18,917
 
Trust funds:
  Highway.......................................................     37,892     38,378     39,707     40,870     41,925     42,669     43,337     43,914
  Airport and airway............................................     10,314     10,590     11,426     12,094      4,323      4,674      5,062      5,456
  Black lung disability.........................................        610        607        624        629        640        659        679        692
  Inland waterway...............................................         91         81         84         85         86         87         88         89
  Oil spill liability...........................................  .........         54        199        205        214        225        233        244
  Aquatic resources.............................................        429        519        547        564        581        600        619        638
  Leaking underground storage tank..............................        189        197        196        199        204        206        210        212
  Tobacco Assessments...........................................        899        891        960        960        960        960        960        960
  Vaccine injury compensation...................................        123        184        195        196        198        199        202        203
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................................     50,547     51,501     53,938     55,802     49,131     50,279     51,390     52,408
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total excise taxes........................................     73,094     73,961     57,062     68,106     63,077     63,600     68,597     71,325
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.
\1\ On-budget and off-budget.
Note: Unless otherwise noted, all receipts shown in this table are trust funds and on-budget.



[[Page 44]]

 
    Table 2.5--COMPOSITION OF ``OTHER RECEIPTS'': 1940-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Miscellaneous Receipts      Memorandum: Trust Fund
                                                                                                 ----------------------------     Amounts Included in
                                                             Total                     Customs                                    ``Other Receipts''
                      Fiscal Year                          ``Other     Estate and    Duties and      Federal                 ---------------------------
                                                         Receipts''    Gift Taxes       Fees         Reserve      All Other      Customs
                                                                                                  Deposits \1\                 Duties and     All Other
                                                                                                                                  Fees
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1940..................................................           698           353           331  ............            14  ............  ............
1941..................................................           781           403           365  ............            14  ............  ............
1942..................................................           801           420           369  ............            11  ............  ............
1943..................................................           800           441           308  ............            50  ............  ............
1944..................................................           972           507           417  ............            48  ............  ............
 
1945..................................................         1,083           637           341  ............           105  ............  ............
1946..................................................         1,202           668           424  ............           109  ............  ............
1947..................................................         1,331           771           477            15            69  ............  ............
1948..................................................         1,461           890           403           100            68  ............  ............
1949..................................................         1,388           780           367           187            54  ............  ............
 
1950..................................................         1,351           698           407           192            55  ............  ............
1951..................................................         1,578           708           609           189            72  ............  ............
1952..................................................         1,710           818           533           278            81  ............  ............
1953..................................................         1,857           881           596           298            81  ............  ............
1954..................................................         1,905           934           542           341            88  ............            27
 
1955..................................................         1,850           924           585           251            90  ............            27
1956..................................................         2,270         1,161           682           287           140  ............            27
1957..................................................         2,672         1,365           735           434           139  ............            28
1958..................................................         2,961         1,393           782           664           123  ............            27
1959..................................................         2,921         1,333           925           491           171  ............            27
 
1960..................................................         3,923         1,606         1,105         1,093           119  ............            27
1961..................................................         3,796         1,896           982           788           130  ............            39
1962..................................................         4,001         2,016         1,142           718           125  ............            54
1963..................................................         4,395         2,167         1,205           828           194  ............            16
1964..................................................         4,731         2,394         1,252           947           139  ............            22
 
1965..................................................         5,753         2,716         1,442         1,372           222  ............            56
1966..................................................         6,708         3,066         1,767         1,713           163  ............            29
1967..................................................         6,987         2,978         1,901         1,805           302  ............            29
1968..................................................         7,580         3,051         2,038         2,091           400  ............            44
1969..................................................         8,718         3,491         2,319         2,662           247  ............            15
 
1970..................................................         9,499         3,644         2,430         3,266           158  ............            17
1971..................................................        10,185         3,735         2,591         3,533           325  ............            20
1972..................................................        12,355         5,436         3,287         3,252           380  ............            23
1973..................................................        12,026         4,917         3,188         3,495           425  ............            24
1974..................................................        13,737         5,035         3,334         4,845           523  ............            36
 
1975..................................................        14,998         4,611         3,676         5,777           935  ............            40
1976..................................................        17,317         5,216         4,074         5,451         2,576  ............            33
TQ....................................................         4,279         1,455         1,212         1,500           111  ............             8
1977..................................................        19,008         7,327         5,150         5,908           623  ............            42
1978..................................................        19,278         5,285         6,573         6,641           778  ............            39
1979..................................................        22,101         5,411         7,439         8,327           925  ............            43
 
1980..................................................        26,311         6,389         7,174        11,767           981  ............            54
1981..................................................        28,659         6,787         8,083        12,834           956            60            75
1982..................................................        33,006         7,991         8,854        15,186           975            30           100
1983..................................................        30,309         6,053         8,655        14,492         1,108            30           109
1984..................................................        34,440         6,010        11,370        15,684         1,376            30           126
 
1985..................................................        37,072         6,422        12,079        17,059         1,512            30           145
1986..................................................        40,292         6,958        13,327        18,374         1,634            30           156
1987..................................................        42,095         7,493        15,085        16,817         2,701            70           177
1988..................................................        44,051         7,594        16,198        17,163         3,096           174           165
1989..................................................        48,407         8,745        16,334        19,604         3,724           243           222
 
1990..................................................        56,311        11,500        16,707        24,319         3,784           210           247
1991..................................................        50,762        11,138        15,949        19,158         4,517           432           249
1992..................................................        55,836        11,143        17,359        22,920         4,413           563           254
1993..................................................        50,914        12,577        18,802        14,908         4,627           683           453
1994..................................................        58,581        15,225        20,099        18,023         5,235           677           578
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote at end of table.


[[Page 45]]


                                           Table 2.5--COMPOSITION OF ``OTHER RECEIPTS'': 1940-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Miscellaneous Receipts      Memorandum: Trust Fund
                                                                                                 ----------------------------     Amounts Included in
                                                             Total                     Customs                                    ``Other Receipts''
                      Fiscal Year                          ``Other     Estate and    Duties and      Federal                 ---------------------------
                                                         Receipts''    Gift Taxes       Fees         Reserve      All Other      Customs
                                                                                                  Deposits \1\                 Duties and     All Other
                                                                                                                                  Fees
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995..................................................        62,727        14,763        19,301        23,378         5,285           728           643
1996..................................................        61,508        17,189        18,670        20,477         5,172           760           576
1997..................................................        63,369        19,845        17,928        19,636         5,960           797           761
1998..................................................        75,188        24,076        18,297        24,540         8,275           712           824
1999..................................................        81,238        27,782        18,336        25,917         9,203           609           579
 
2000..................................................        91,989        29,010        19,914        32,293        10,772           742           771
2001..................................................        85,813        28,400        19,369        26,124        11,920           786         1,124
2002..................................................        79,257        26,507        18,602        23,683        10,465           718           906
2003..................................................        76,553        21,959        19,862        21,878        12,854           823           863
2004..................................................        78,687        24,831        21,083        19,652        13,121           940           843
 
2005..................................................        81,136        24,764        23,379        19,297        13,696         1,119           968
2006..................................................        97,649        27,877        24,810        29,945        15,017         1,277           958
2007 estimate.........................................        98,754        25,277        26,766        32,638        14,073         1,336           756
2008 estimate.........................................       105,618        25,705        29,223        36,115        14,575         1,440           855
2009 estimate.........................................       110,069        27,439        30,651        37,625        14,354         1,536           841
 
2010 estimate.........................................       108,039        21,741        32,688        39,040        14,570         1,637           823
2011 estimate.........................................        91,400         1,674        34,251        40,680        14,795         1,740           806
2012 estimate.........................................        94,040           521        35,695        42,804        15,020         1,849           808
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Deposits of earnings by the Federal Reserve System.



[[Page 46]]

 
        Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Superfunction and Function                              1940         1941         1942         1943         1944         1945         1946         1947         1948
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense...........................................................       1,660        6,435       25,658       66,699       79,143       82,965       42,681       12,808        9,105
 
Human resources............................................................       4,139        4,158        3,599        2,659        1,928        1,859        5,493        9,909        9,868
 
  Education, training, employment, and social services.....................       1,972        1,592        1,062          375          160          134           85          102          191
  Health...................................................................          55           60           71           92          174          211          201          177          162
  Income security..........................................................       1,514        1,855        1,828        1,739        1,503        1,137        2,384        2,820        2,499
  Social security (off-budget).............................................          28           91          137          177          217          267          358          466          558
  Veterans benefits and services...........................................         570          560          501          276         -126          110        2,465        6,344        6,457
 
Physical resources.........................................................       2,312        1,782        3,892        6,433        5,471        1,747          836        1,227        2,243
 
  Energy...................................................................          88           91          156          116           65           25           41           18          292
  Natural resources and environment........................................         997          817          819          726          642          455          482          700          780
  Commerce and housing credit..............................................         550          398        1,521        2,151          624       -2,630       -1,857         -923          306
  Transportation...........................................................         392          353        1,283        3,220        3,901        3,654        1,970        1,130          787
  Community and regional development.......................................         285          123          113          219          238          243          200          302           78
 
Net interest...............................................................         899          943        1,052        1,529        2,219        3,112        4,111        4,204        4,341
      (On-budget)..........................................................        (941)        (999)      (1,123)      (1,616)      (2,322)      (3,236)      (4,259)      (4,367)      (4,532)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (-42)        (-56)        (-71)        (-87)       (-103)       (-124)       (-148)       (-163)       (-191)
 
Other functions............................................................         775          882        1,830        2,457        3,864        4,418        3,580        7,900        5,851
 
  International affairs....................................................          51          145          968        1,286        1,449        1,913        1,935        5,791        4,566
  General science, space and technology....................................  ...........  ...........           4            1           48          111           34            5            1
  Agriculture..............................................................         369          339          344          343        1,275        1,635          610          814           69
  Administration of justice................................................          81           92          117          154          192          178          176          176          170
  General government.......................................................         274          306          397          673          900          581          825        1,114        1,045
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -317         -547         -894       -1,221       -1,320       -1,389       -1,468       -1,552       -1,643
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................       9,468       13,653       35,137       78,555       91,304       92,712       55,232       34,496       29,764
      (On-budget)..........................................................      (9,482)     (13,618)     (35,071)     (78,466)     (91,190)     (92,569)     (55,022)     (34,193)     (29,396)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (-14)         (35)         (66)         (89)        (114)        (143)        (210)        (303)        (368)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    As percentages of outlays
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................        17.5         47.1         73.0         84.9         86.7         89.5         77.3         37.1         30.6
Human resources............................................................        43.7         30.5         10.2          3.4          2.1          2.0          9.9         28.7         33.2
Physical resources.........................................................        24.4         13.1         11.1          8.2          6.0          1.9          1.5          3.6          7.5
Net interest...............................................................         9.5          6.9          3.0          1.9          2.4          3.4          7.4         12.2         14.6
Other functions............................................................         8.2          6.5          5.2          3.1          4.2          4.8          6.5         22.9         19.7
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -3.4         -4.0         -2.5         -1.6         -1.4         -1.5         -2.7         -4.5         -5.5
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)..........................................................      (100.2)       (99.7)       (99.8)       (99.9)       (99.9)       (99.8)       (99.6)       (99.1)       (98.8)
      (Off-budget).........................................................       (-0.2)        (0.3)        (0.2)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.9)        (1.2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                      As percentages of GDP
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................         1.7          5.6         17.8         37.0         37.8         37.5         19.2          5.5          3.6
Human resources............................................................         4.3          3.6          2.5          1.5          0.9          0.8          2.5          4.2          3.9
Physical resources.........................................................         2.4          1.6          2.7          3.6          2.6          0.8          0.4          0.5          0.9
Net interest...............................................................         0.9          0.8          0.7          0.8          1.1          1.4          1.8          1.8          1.7
Other functions............................................................         0.8          0.8          1.3          1.4          1.8          2.0          1.6          3.4          2.3
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -0.3         -0.5         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.7         -0.7         -0.6
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................         9.8         12.0         24.3         43.6         43.6         41.9         24.8         14.8         11.6
      (On-budget)..........................................................        (9.8)       (11.9)       (24.3)       (43.5)       (43.6)       (41.8)       (24.7)       (14.7)       (11.5)
      (Off-budget).........................................................         (-*)          (*)          (*)          (*)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 47]]


                                                             Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Superfunction and Function                              1949         1950         1951         1952         1953         1954         1955         1956         1957
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense...........................................................      13,150       13,724       23,566       46,089       52,802       49,266       42,729       42,523       45,430
 
Human resources............................................................      10,805       14,221       11,001       11,745       11,836       13,076       14,908       16,052       18,161
 
  Education, training, employment, and social services.....................         178          241          235          339          441          370          445          591          590
  Health...................................................................         197          268          323          347          336          307          291          359          479
  Income security..........................................................       3,174        4,097        3,352        3,655        3,823        4,434        5,071        4,734        5,427
  Social security (off-budget).............................................         657          781        1,565        2,063        2,717        3,352        4,427        5,478        6,661
  Veterans benefits and services...........................................       6,599        8,834        5,526        5,341        4,519        4,613        4,675        4,891        5,005
 
Physical resources.........................................................       3,104        3,667        3,924        4,182        4,005        2,584        2,732        3,092        4,559
 
  Energy...................................................................         341          327          383          474          425          432          325          174          240
  Natural resources and environment........................................       1,080        1,308        1,310        1,233        1,289        1,007          940          870        1,098
  Commerce and housing credit..............................................         800        1,035        1,228        1,278          910         -184           92          506        1,424
  Transportation...........................................................         916          967          956        1,124        1,264        1,229        1,246        1,450        1,662
  Community and regional development.......................................         -33           30           47           73          117          100          129           92          135
 
Net interest...............................................................       4,523        4,812        4,665        4,701        5,156        4,811        4,850        5,079        5,354
      (On-budget)..........................................................      (4,753)      (5,069)      (4,952)      (5,035)      (5,543)      (5,250)      (5,288)      (5,567)      (5,910)
      (Off-budget).........................................................       (-230)       (-257)       (-287)       (-334)       (-387)       (-439)       (-438)       (-487)       (-557)
 
Other functions............................................................       9,032        7,955        4,690        4,346        5,873        4,515        6,718        7,482        7,220
 
  International affairs....................................................       6,052        4,673        3,647        2,691        2,119        1,596        2,223        2,414        3,147
  General science, space and technology....................................          48           55           51           49           49           46           74           79          122
  Agriculture..............................................................       1,924        2,049         -323          176        2,253        1,817        3,514        3,486        2,288
  Administration of justice................................................         184          193          218          267          243          257          256          302          303
  General government.......................................................         824          986        1,097        1,163        1,209          799          651        1,201        1,360
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................      -1,779       -1,817       -2,332       -3,377       -3,571       -3,397       -3,493       -3,589       -4,146
      (On-budget)..........................................................     (-1,779)     (-1,817)     (-2,332)     (-3,377)     (-3,571)     (-3,396)     (-3,487)     (-3,571)     (-4,058)
      (Off-budget).........................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         (-1)         (-6)        (-18)        (-88)
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................      38,835       42,562       45,514       67,686       76,101       70,855       68,444       70,640       76,578
      (On-budget)..........................................................     (38,408)     (42,038)     (44,237)     (65,956)     (73,771)     (67,943)     (64,461)     (65,668)     (70,562)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (427)        (524)      (1,277)      (1,730)      (2,330)      (2,912)      (3,983)      (4,972)      (6,016)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    As percentages of outlays
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................        33.9         32.2         51.8         68.1         69.4         69.5         62.4         60.2         59.3
Human resources............................................................        27.8         33.4         24.2         17.4         15.6         18.5         21.8         22.7         23.7
Physical resources.........................................................         8.0          8.6          8.6          6.2          5.3          3.6          4.0          4.4          6.0
Net interest...............................................................        11.6         11.3         10.2          6.9          6.8          6.8          7.1          7.2          7.0
Other functions............................................................        23.3         18.7         10.3          6.4          7.7          6.4          9.8         10.6          9.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -4.6         -4.3         -5.1         -5.0         -4.7         -4.8         -5.1         -5.1         -5.4
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)..........................................................       (98.9)       (98.8)       (97.2)       (97.4)       (96.9)       (95.9)       (94.2)       (93.0)       (92.1)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (1.1)        (1.2)        (2.8)        (2.6)        (3.1)        (4.1)        (5.8)        (7.0)        (7.9)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                      As percentages of GDP
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...........................................................         4.9          5.0          7.4         13.2         14.2         13.1         10.8         10.0         10.1
Human resources............................................................         4.0          5.2          3.4          3.4          3.2          3.5          3.8          3.8          4.0
Physical resources.........................................................         1.1          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          0.7          0.7          0.7          1.0
Net interest...............................................................         1.7          1.8          1.5          1.3          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.2
Other functions............................................................         3.3          2.9          1.5          1.2          1.6          1.2          1.7          1.8          1.6
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................        -0.7         -0.7         -0.7         -1.0         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.....................................................        14.3         15.6         14.2         19.4         20.4         18.8         17.3         16.5         17.0
      (On-budget)..........................................................       (14.2)       (15.4)       (13.8)       (18.9)       (19.8)       (18.0)       (16.3)       (15.4)       (15.7)
      (Off-budget).........................................................        (0.2)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.5)        (0.6)        (0.8)        (1.0)        (1.2)        (1.3)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 48]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1958         1959         1960         1961         1962         1963         1964         1965
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................      46,815       49,015       48,130       49,601       52,345       53,400       54,757       50,620
 
Human resources.................................      22,288       24,892       26,184       29,838       31,630       33,522       35,294       36,576
 
  Education, training, employment, and social            643          789          968        1,063        1,241        1,458        1,555        2,140
   services.....................................
  Health........................................         541          685          795          913        1,198        1,451        1,788        1,791
  Income security...............................       7,535        8,239        7,378        9,683        9,207        9,311        9,657        9,469
  Social security (off-budget)..................       8,219        9,737       11,602       12,474       14,365       15,788       16,620       17,460
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,350        5,443        5,441        5,705        5,619        5,514        5,675        5,716
 
Physical resources..............................       5,188        7,813        7,991        7,754        8,831        8,013        9,528       11,264
 
  Energy........................................         348          382          464          510          604          530          572          699
  Natural resources and environment.............       1,407        1,632        1,559        1,779        2,044        2,251        2,364        2,531
  Commerce and housing credit...................         930        1,933        1,618        1,203        1,424           62          418        1,157
  Transportation................................       2,334        3,655        4,126        3,987        4,290        4,596        5,242        5,763
  Community and regional development............         169          211          224          275          469          574          933        1,114
 
Net interest....................................       5,604        5,762        6,947        6,716        6,889        7,740        8,199        8,591
      (On-budget)...............................      (6,175)      (6,338)      (7,511)      (7,307)      (7,498)      (8,322)      (8,805)      (9,239)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-571)       (-576)       (-563)       (-591)       (-609)       (-582)       (-607)       (-648)
 
Other functions.................................       6,896        9,229        7,760        8,621       12,401       14,437       16,458       17,086
 
  International affairs.........................       3,364        3,144        2,988        3,184        5,639        5,308        4,945        5,273
  General science, space and technology.........         141          294          599        1,042        1,723        3,051        4,897        5,823
  Agriculture...................................       2,411        4,509        2,623        2,641        3,562        4,384        4,609        3,954
  Administration of justice.....................         325          356          366          400          429          465          489          536
  General government............................         655          926        1,184        1,354        1,049        1,230        1,518        1,499
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -4,385       -4,613       -4,820       -4,807       -5,274       -5,797       -5,708       -5,908
      (On-budget)...............................     (-4,240)     (-4,449)     (-4,632)     (-4,601)     (-5,053)     (-5,555)     (-5,429)     (-5,626)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-145)       (-164)       (-188)       (-206)       (-221)       (-242)       (-279)       (-282)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................      82,405       92,098       92,191       97,723      106,821      111,316      118,528      118,228
      (On-budget)...............................     (74,902)     (83,102)     (81,341)     (86,046)     (93,286)     (96,352)    (102,794)    (101,699)
      (Off-budget)..............................      (7,503)      (8,996)     (10,850)     (11,677)     (13,535)     (14,964)     (15,734)     (16,529)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        56.8         53.2         52.2         50.8         49.0         48.0         46.2         42.8
Human resources.................................        27.0         27.0         28.4         30.5         29.6         30.1         29.8         30.9
Physical resources..............................         6.3          8.5          8.7          7.9          8.3          7.2          8.0          9.5
Net interest....................................         6.8          6.3          7.5          6.9          6.4          7.0          6.9          7.3
Other functions.................................         8.4         10.0          8.4          8.8         11.6         13.0         13.9         14.5
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.3         -5.0         -5.2         -4.9         -4.9         -5.2         -4.8         -5.0
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (90.9)       (90.2)       (88.2)       (88.1)       (87.3)       (86.6)       (86.7)       (86.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (9.1)        (9.8)       (11.8)       (11.9)       (12.7)       (13.4)       (13.3)       (14.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        10.2         10.0          9.3          9.3          9.2          8.9          8.6          7.4
Human resources.................................         4.8          5.1          5.1          5.6          5.6          5.6          5.5          5.3
Physical resources..............................         1.1          1.6          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.3          1.5          1.6
Net interest....................................         1.2          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3
Other functions.................................         1.5          1.9          1.5          1.6          2.2          2.4          2.6          2.5
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        17.9         18.7         17.8         18.4         18.8         18.6         18.5         17.2
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.3)       (16.9)       (15.7)       (16.2)       (16.4)       (16.1)       (16.1)       (14.8)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (1.6)        (1.8)        (2.1)        (2.2)        (2.4)        (2.5)        (2.5)        (2.4)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 49]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1966         1967         1968         1969         1970         1971         1972         1973
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................      58,111       71,417       81,926       82,497       81,692       78,872       79,174       76,681
 
Human resources.................................      43,257       51,272       59,375       66,410       75,349       91,901      107,211      119,522
 
  Education, training, employment, and social          4,363        6,453        7,634        7,548        8,634        9,849       12,529       12,745
   services.....................................
  Health........................................       2,543        3,351        4,390        5,162        5,907        6,843        8,674        9,356
  Medicare......................................          64        2,748        4,649        5,695        6,213        6,622        7,479        8,052
  Income security...............................       9,678       10,261       11,816       13,076       15,655       22,946       27,650       28,276
  Social security...............................      20,694       21,725       23,854       27,298       30,270       35,872       40,157       49,090
      (On-budget)...............................  ...........         (94)         (94)        (414)        (458)        (465)        (538)        (526)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (20,694)     (21,631)     (23,760)     (26,885)     (29,812)     (35,408)     (39,620)     (48,565)
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,916        6,735        7,032        7,631        8,669        9,768       10,720       12,003
 
Physical resources..............................      13,410       14,674       16,002       11,869       15,574       18,286       19,574       20,614
 
  Energy........................................         612          782        1,037        1,010          997        1,035        1,296        1,237
  Natural resources and environment.............       2,719        2,869        2,988        2,900        3,065        3,915        4,241        4,775
  Commerce and housing credit...................       3,245        3,979        4,280         -119        2,112        2,366        2,222          931
      (On-budget)...............................      (3,245)      (3,979)      (4,280)       (-119)      (2,112)      (2,366)      (1,867)        (774)
      (Off-budget)..............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        (355)        (157)
  Transportation................................       5,730        5,936        6,316        6,526        7,008        8,052        8,392        9,066
  Community and regional development............       1,105        1,108        1,382        1,552        2,392        2,917        3,423        4,605
 
Net interest....................................       9,386       10,268       11,090       12,699       14,380       14,841       15,478       17,349
      (On-budget)...............................     (10,028)     (11,060)     (12,069)     (13,848)     (15,948)     (16,783)     (17,584)     (19,629)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-642)       (-792)       (-979)     (-1,149)     (-1,568)     (-1,942)     (-2,106)     (-2,280)
 
Other functions.................................      16,911       17,126       17,786       18,151       17,286       16,379       18,828       24,950
 
  International affairs.........................       5,580        5,566        5,301        4,600        4,330        4,159        4,781        4,149
  General science, space and technology.........       6,717        6,233        5,524        5,020        4,511        4,182        4,175        4,032
  Agriculture...................................       2,447        2,990        4,544        5,826        5,166        4,290        5,227        4,821
  Administration of justice.....................         564          618          659          766          959        1,307        1,684        2,174
  General government............................       1,603        1,719        1,757        1,939        2,320        2,442        2,960        9,774
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -6,542       -7,294       -8,045       -7,986       -8,632      -10,107       -9,583      -13,409
      (On-budget)...............................     (-6,205)     (-6,879)     (-7,600)     (-7,454)     (-7,995)     (-9,467)     (-8,926)    (-12,714)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-337)       (-415)       (-445)       (-532)       (-637)       (-640)       (-657)       (-695)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     134,532      157,464      178,134      183,640      195,649      210,172      230,681      245,707
      (On-budget)...............................    (114,817)    (137,040)    (155,798)    (158,436)    (168,042)    (177,346)    (193,470)    (199,961)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (19,715)     (20,424)     (22,336)     (25,204)     (27,607)     (32,826)     (37,212)     (45,746)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        43.2         45.4         46.0         44.9         41.8         37.5         34.3         31.2
Human resources.................................        32.2         32.6         33.3         36.2         38.5         43.7         46.5         48.6
Physical resources..............................        10.0          9.3          9.0          6.5          8.0          8.7          8.5          8.4
Net interest....................................         7.0          6.5          6.2          6.9          7.4          7.1          6.7          7.1
Other functions.................................        12.6         10.9         10.0          9.9          8.8          7.8          8.2         10.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.9         -4.6         -4.5         -4.3         -4.4         -4.8         -4.2         -5.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (85.3)       (87.0)       (87.5)       (86.3)       (85.9)       (84.4)       (83.9)       (81.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (14.7)       (13.0)       (12.5)       (13.7)       (14.1)       (15.6)       (16.1)       (18.6)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         7.7          8.8          9.5          8.7          8.1          7.3          6.7          5.9
Human resources.................................         5.7          6.3          6.9          7.0          7.4          8.5          9.1          9.1
Physical resources..............................         1.8          1.8          1.8          1.3          1.5          1.7          1.7          1.6
Net interest....................................         1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3          1.4          1.4          1.3          1.3
Other functions.................................         2.2          2.1          2.1          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.6          1.9
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -1.0
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        17.9         19.4         20.6         19.4         19.3         19.5         19.6         18.8
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.2)       (16.9)       (18.0)       (16.7)       (16.6)       (16.4)       (16.4)       (15.3)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (2.6)        (2.5)        (2.6)        (2.7)        (2.7)        (3.0)        (3.2)        (3.5)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 50]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1974         1975         1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................      79,347       86,509       89,619       22,269       97,241      104,495      116,342      133,995
 
Human resources.................................     135,783      173,245      203,594       52,065      221,895      242,329      267,574      313,374
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         12,457       16,022       18,910        5,169       21,104       26,710       30,223       31,843
   services.....................................
  Health........................................      10,733       12,930       15,734        3,924       17,302       18,524       20,494       23,169
  Medicare......................................       9,639       12,875       15,834        4,264       19,345       22,768       26,495       32,090
  Income security...............................      33,713       50,176       60,799       14,985       61,060       61,505       66,376       86,557
  Social security...............................      55,867       64,658       73,899       19,763       85,061       93,861      104,073      118,547
      (On-budget)...............................        (494)        (499)        (515)  ...........        (717)        (741)        (757)        (675)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (55,373)     (64,159)     (73,384)     (19,763)     (84,344)     (93,120)    (103,316)    (117,872)
  Veterans benefits and services................      13,374       16,584       18,419        3,960       18,022       18,961       19,914       21,169
 
Physical resources..............................      25,106       35,449       39,188        9,512       40,746       52,590       54,559       65,985
 
  Energy........................................       1,303        2,916        4,204        1,129        5,770        7,991        9,179       10,156
  Natural resources and environment.............       5,697        7,346        8,184        2,524       10,032       10,983       12,135       13,858
  Commerce and housing credit...................       4,705        9,947        7,619          931        3,093        6,254        4,686        9,390
      (On-budget)...............................      (3,932)      (8,835)      (6,534)      (1,657)      (3,266)      (6,750)      (5,577)      (9,821)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (773)      (1,112)      (1,085)       (-726)       (-173)       (-496)       (-891)       (-431)
  Transportation................................       9,172       10,918       13,739        3,358       14,829       15,521       18,079       21,329
  Community and regional development............       4,229        4,322        5,442        1,569        7,021       11,841       10,480       11,252
 
Net interest....................................      21,449       23,244       26,727        6,949       29,901       35,458       42,633       52,533
      (On-budget)...............................     (23,969)     (26,047)     (29,539)      (7,042)     (32,551)     (37,860)     (44,857)     (54,872)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,520)     (-2,803)     (-2,812)        (-93)     (-2,650)     (-2,403)     (-2,224)     (-2,339)
 
Other functions.................................      24,423       27,487       27,050        9,388       34,315       39,594       40,396       44,996
 
  International affairs.........................       5,710        7,097        6,433        2,458        6,353        7,482        7,459       12,714
  General science, space and technology.........       3,980        3,991        4,373        1,162        4,736        4,926        5,234        5,831
  Agriculture...................................       2,194        2,997        3,109          972        6,734       11,301       11,176        8,774
  Administration of justice.....................       2,505        3,028        3,430          918        3,701        3,923        4,286        4,702
  General government............................      10,032       10,374        9,706        3,878       12,791       11,961       12,241       12,975
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -16,749      -13,602      -14,386       -4,206      -14,879      -15,720      -17,476      -19,942
      (On-budget)...............................    (-15,985)    (-12,686)    (-13,423)     (-3,957)    (-13,902)    (-14,660)    (-16,362)    (-18,738)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-764)       (-916)       (-963)       (-249)       (-977)     (-1,060)     (-1,114)     (-1,204)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     269,359      332,332      371,792       95,975      409,218      458,746      504,028      590,941
      (On-budget)...............................    (216,496)    (270,780)    (301,098)     (77,281)    (328,675)    (369,585)    (404,941)    (477,044)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (52,862)     (61,552)     (70,695)     (18,695)     (80,543)     (89,161)     (99,087)    (113,898)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        29.5         26.0         24.1         23.2         23.8         22.8         23.1         22.7
Human resources.................................        50.4         52.1         54.8         54.2         54.2         52.8         53.1         53.0
Physical resources..............................         9.3         10.7         10.5          9.9         10.0         11.5         10.8         11.2
Net interest....................................         8.0          7.0          7.2          7.2          7.3          7.7          8.5          8.9
Other functions.................................         9.1          8.3          7.3          9.8          8.4          8.6          8.0          7.6
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -6.2         -4.1         -3.9         -4.4         -3.6         -3.4         -3.5         -3.4
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.4)       (81.5)       (81.0)       (80.5)       (80.3)       (80.6)       (80.3)       (80.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.6)       (18.5)       (19.0)       (19.5)       (19.7)       (19.4)       (19.7)       (19.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.5          5.5          5.2          4.9          4.9          4.7          4.7          4.9
Human resources.................................         9.4         11.1         11.7         11.4         11.2         10.9         10.7         11.5
Physical resources..............................         1.7          2.3          2.3          2.1          2.1          2.4          2.2          2.4
Net interest....................................         1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.7          1.9
Other functions.................................         1.7          1.8          1.6          2.1          1.7          1.8          1.6          1.7
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -1.2         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.8         -0.7         -0.7         -0.7
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        18.7         21.3         21.4         21.0         20.7         20.7         20.2         21.7
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.0)       (17.3)       (17.3)       (16.9)       (16.6)       (16.7)       (16.2)       (17.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.7)        (3.9)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.0)        (4.0)        (4.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 51]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1981         1982         1983         1984         1985         1986         1987         1988
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     157,513      185,309      209,903      227,413      252,748      273,375      281,999      290,361
 
Human resources.................................     362,022      388,681      426,004      432,044      471,824      481,595      502,202      533,405
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         33,152       26,612       26,197       26,922       28,596       29,779       28,924       30,936
   services.....................................
  Health........................................      26,866       27,445       28,641       30,417       33,542       35,936       39,967       44,487
  Medicare......................................      39,149       46,567       52,588       57,540       65,822       70,164       75,120       78,878
  Income security...............................     100,299      108,155      123,031      113,352      128,979      120,633      124,088      130,377
  Social security...............................     139,584      155,964      170,724      178,223      188,623      198,757      207,353      219,341
      (On-budget)...............................        (670)        (844)     (19,993)      (7,056)      (5,189)      (8,072)      (4,930)      (4,852)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (138,914)    (155,120)    (150,731)    (171,167)    (183,434)    (190,684)    (202,422)    (214,489)
  Veterans benefits and services................      22,973       23,938       24,824       25,588       26,262       26,327       26,750       29,386
 
Physical resources..............................      70,886       61,752       57,603       57,967       56,820       58,737       55,142       68,631
 
  Energy........................................      15,166       13,527        9,353        7,073        5,608        4,690        4,072        2,296
  Natural resources and environment.............      13,568       12,998       12,672       12,593       13,357       13,639       13,363       14,606
  Commerce and housing credit...................       8,206        6,256        6,681        6,959        4,337        5,059        6,435       19,164
      (On-budget)...............................      (8,117)      (6,809)      (6,359)      (6,599)      (4,195)      (5,017)      (5,492)     (17,451)
      (Off-budget)..............................         (89)       (-553)        (322)        (360)        (142)         (42)        (943)      (1,712)
  Transportation................................      23,379       20,625       21,334       23,669       25,838       28,117       26,222       27,272
  Community and regional development............      10,568        8,347        7,564        7,673        7,680        7,233        5,051        5,294
 
Net interest....................................      68,766       85,032       89,808      111,102      129,478      136,017      138,611      151,803
      (On-budget)...............................     (71,054)     (87,102)     (91,653)    (114,411)    (133,595)    (140,346)    (143,901)    (159,219)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,288)     (-2,071)     (-1,845)     (-3,310)     (-4,118)     (-4,329)     (-5,290)     (-7,416)
 
Other functions.................................      47,095       51,068       59,022       55,286       68,224       73,724       62,584       57,248
 
  International affairs.........................      13,104       12,300       11,848       15,876       16,176       14,152       11,649       10,471
  General science, space and technology.........       6,468        7,199        7,934        8,317        8,626        8,976        9,215       10,840
  Agriculture...................................      11,241       15,866       22,814       13,526       25,477       31,368       26,513       17,138
  Administration of justice.....................       4,908        4,842        5,246        5,811        6,426        6,735        7,715        9,397
  General government............................      11,373       10,861       11,181       11,756       11,519       12,493        7,492        9,401
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -28,041      -26,099      -33,976      -31,957      -32,698      -33,007      -36,455      -36,967
      (On-budget)...............................    (-26,611)    (-24,453)    (-32,198)    (-29,913)    (-30,189)    (-30,150)    (-33,155)    (-32,585)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,430)     (-1,646)     (-1,778)     (-2,044)     (-2,509)     (-2,857)     (-3,300)     (-4,382)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     678,241      745,743      808,364      851,853      946,396      990,441    1,004,083    1,064,481
      (On-budget)...............................    (542,956)    (594,892)    (660,934)    (685,680)    (769,447)    (806,901)    (809,308)    (860,077)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (135,285)    (150,851)    (147,430)    (166,174)    (176,949)    (183,540)    (194,775)    (204,404)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        23.2         24.8         26.0         26.7         26.7         27.6         28.1         27.3
Human resources.................................        53.4         52.1         52.7         50.7         49.9         48.6         50.0         50.1
Physical resources..............................        10.5          8.3          7.1          6.8          6.0          5.9          5.5          6.4
Net interest....................................        10.1         11.4         11.1         13.0         13.7         13.7         13.8         14.3
Other functions.................................         6.9          6.8          7.3          6.5          7.2          7.4          6.2          5.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.1         -3.5         -4.2         -3.8         -3.5         -3.3         -3.6         -3.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.1)       (79.8)       (81.8)       (80.5)       (81.3)       (81.5)       (80.6)       (80.8)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.9)       (20.2)       (18.2)       (19.5)       (18.7)       (18.5)       (19.4)       (19.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.2          5.7          6.1          5.9          6.1          6.2          6.1          5.8
Human resources.................................        11.9         12.0         12.4         11.3         11.4         10.9         10.8         10.6
Physical resources..............................         2.3          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.4
Net interest....................................         2.3          2.6          2.6          2.9          3.1          3.1          3.0          3.0
Other functions.................................         1.5          1.6          1.7          1.4          1.6          1.7          1.3          1.1
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -0.8         -1.0         -0.8         -0.8         -0.7         -0.8         -0.7
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        22.2         23.1         23.5         22.2         22.9         22.4         21.6         21.3
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.8)       (18.4)       (19.2)       (17.9)       (18.6)       (18.3)       (17.4)       (17.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.4)        (4.7)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.2)        (4.2)        (4.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 52]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1989         1990         1991         1992         1993         1994         1995         1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     303,559      299,331      273,292      298,350      291,086      281,642      272,066      265,753
 
Human resources.................................     568,686      619,345      689,695      772,483      827,589      869,479      923,854      958,331
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         35,333       37,179       41,241       42,751       47,397       43,295       51,046       48,336
   services.....................................
  Health........................................      48,390       57,716       71,183       89,497       99,415      107,122      115,418      119,378
  Medicare......................................      84,964       98,102      104,489      119,024      130,552      144,747      159,855      174,225
  Income security...............................     137,426      148,668      172,462      199,562      209,969      217,166      223,799      229,736
  Social security...............................     232,542      248,623      269,015      287,585      304,585      319,565      335,846      349,671
      (On-budget)...............................      (5,069)      (3,625)      (2,619)      (6,166)      (6,236)      (5,683)      (5,476)      (5,802)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (227,473)    (244,998)    (266,395)    (281,418)    (298,349)    (313,881)    (330,370)    (343,869)
  Veterans benefits and services................      30,031       29,058       31,305       34,064       35,671       37,584       37,890       36,985
 
Physical resources..............................      81,567      126,037      135,175       75,611       46,856       70,703       59,139       64,191
 
  Energy........................................       2,705        3,341        2,436        4,499        4,319        5,218        4,936        2,839
  Natural resources and environment.............      16,182       17,080       18,559       20,025       20,239       21,026       21,915       21,524
  Commerce and housing credit...................      29,710       67,600       76,271       10,919      -21,853       -4,228      -17,808      -10,478
      (On-budget)...............................     (30,019)     (65,974)     (74,953)     (10,260)    (-23,294)     (-5,331)    (-15,839)    (-10,298)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-310)      (1,626)      (1,317)        (659)      (1,441)      (1,103)     (-1,969)       (-180)
  Transportation................................      27,608       29,485       31,099       33,332       35,004       38,066       39,350       39,565
  Community and regional development............       5,362        8,531        6,810        6,836        9,146       10,620       10,746       10,741
 
Net interest....................................     168,981      184,347      194,448      199,344      198,713      202,932      232,134      241,053
      (On-budget)...............................    (180,376)    (200,338)    (214,670)    (222,981)    (225,501)    (232,135)    (265,439)    (277,560)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-11,395)    (-15,991)    (-20,222)    (-23,637)    (-26,788)    (-29,203)    (-33,305)    (-36,507)
 
Other functions.................................      58,247       60,686       71,077       75,141       82,663       74,922       73,146       68,900
 
  International affairs.........................       9,585       13,764       15,851       16,107       17,248       17,083       16,434       13,496
  General science, space and technology.........      12,837       14,443       16,110       16,407       17,029       16,226       16,723       16,708
  Agriculture...................................      16,861       11,806       15,056       15,088       20,246       14,915        9,672        9,036
  Administration of justice.....................       9,644       10,185       12,487       14,650       15,193       15,516       16,509       17,898
  General government............................       9,320       10,488       11,574       12,888       12,947       11,183       13,808       11,762
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -37,212      -36,615      -39,356      -39,280      -37,386      -37,772      -44,455      -37,620
      (On-budget)...............................    (-32,354)    (-31,048)    (-33,553)    (-33,179)    (-30,970)    (-31,362)    (-38,023)    (-31,342)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-4,858)     (-5,567)     (-5,804)     (-6,101)     (-6,416)     (-6,409)     (-6,432)     (-6,278)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,143,829    1,253,130    1,324,331    1,381,649    1,409,522    1,461,907    1,515,884    1,560,608
      (On-budget)...............................    (932,918)  (1,028,065)  (1,082,644)  (1,129,310)  (1,142,935)  (1,182,535)  (1,227,220)  (1,259,704)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (210,911)    (225,065)    (241,687)    (252,339)    (266,587)    (279,372)    (288,664)    (300,904)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        26.5         23.9         20.6         21.6         20.7         19.3         17.9         17.0
Human resources.................................        49.7         49.4         52.1         55.9         58.7         59.5         60.9         61.4
Physical resources..............................         7.1         10.1         10.2          5.5          3.3          4.8          3.9          4.1
Net interest....................................        14.8         14.7         14.7         14.4         14.1         13.9         15.3         15.4
Other functions.................................         5.1          4.8          5.4          5.4          5.9          5.1          4.8          4.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.3         -2.9         -3.0         -2.8         -2.7         -2.6         -2.9         -2.4
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (81.6)       (82.0)       (81.8)       (81.7)       (81.1)       (80.9)       (81.0)       (80.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (18.4)       (18.0)       (18.2)       (18.3)       (18.9)       (19.1)       (19.0)       (19.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.6          5.2          4.6          4.8          4.4          4.0          3.7          3.5
Human resources.................................        10.5         10.8         11.6         12.4         12.6         12.5         12.6         12.5
Physical resources..............................         1.5          2.2          2.3          1.2          0.7          1.0          0.8          0.8
Net interest....................................         3.1          3.2          3.3          3.2          3.0          2.9          3.2          3.1
Other functions.................................         1.1          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.1          1.0          0.9
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.7         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.5         -0.6         -0.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        21.2         21.8         22.3         22.1         21.4         21.0         20.7         20.3
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.3)       (17.9)       (18.2)       (18.1)       (17.4)       (17.0)       (16.8)       (16.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.9)        (3.9)        (4.1)        (4.0)        (4.1)        (4.0)        (3.9)        (3.9)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 53]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002         2003         2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     270,505      268,207      274,785      294,394      304,759      348,482      404,778      455,847
 
Human resources.................................   1,002,446    1,033,542    1,057,875    1,115,665    1,194,598    1,317,664    1,417,946    1,485,870
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         48,991       50,532       50,627       53,789       57,173       70,581       82,603       87,990
   services.....................................
  Health........................................     123,843      131,442      141,074      154,533      172,270      196,544      219,576      240,134
  Medicare......................................     190,016      192,822      190,447      197,113      217,384      230,855      249,433      269,360
  Income security...............................     235,032      237,750      242,478      253,724      269,774      312,720      334,632      333,059
  Social security...............................     365,251      379,215      390,037      409,423      432,958      455,980      474,680      495,548
      (On-budget)...............................      (6,879)      (9,146)     (10,824)     (13,254)     (11,701)     (13,969)     (13,279)     (14,348)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (358,372)    (370,069)    (379,213)    (396,169)    (421,257)    (442,011)    (461,401)    (481,200)
  Veterans benefits and services................      39,313       41,781       43,212       47,083       45,039       50,984       57,022       59,779
 
Physical resources..............................      59,879       74,692       81,918       84,954       97,584      104,337      115,615      116,274
 
  Energy........................................       1,475        1,270          911         -761            9          475         -735         -166
  Natural resources and environment.............      21,227       22,300       23,968       25,031       25,623       29,454       29,703       30,725
  Commerce and housing credit...................     -14,639        1,008        2,642        3,208        5,732         -406          728        5,266
      (On-budget)...............................    (-14,590)        (791)      (1,621)      (1,179)      (3,430)        (245)      (5,973)      (9,396)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (-49)        (217)      (1,021)      (2,029)      (2,302)       (-651)     (-5,245)     (-4,130)
  Transportation................................      40,767       40,343       42,532       46,853       54,447       61,833       67,069       64,627
  Community and regional development............      11,049        9,771       11,865       10,623       11,773       12,981       18,850       15,822
 
Net interest....................................     243,984      241,118      229,755      222,949      206,167      170,949      153,073      160,245
      (On-budget)...............................    (285,198)    (287,748)    (281,826)    (282,745)    (274,978)    (247,769)    (236,618)    (246,473)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-41,214)    (-46,630)    (-52,071)    (-59,796)    (-68,811)    (-76,820)    (-83,545)    (-86,228)
 
Other functions.................................      74,466       82,320       98,147      113,835      107,093      117,113      123,087      133,307
 
  International affairs.........................      15,228       13,109       15,243       17,216       16,493       22,351       21,209       26,891
  General science, space and technology.........      17,173       18,217       18,121       18,633       19,784       20,767       20,873       23,053
  Agriculture...................................       8,890       12,078       22,880       36,459       26,253       21,966       22,497       15,440
  Administration of justice.....................      20,618       23,360       26,536       28,499       30,202       35,061       35,340       45,576
  General government............................      12,557       15,556       15,367       13,028       14,361       16,968       23,168       22,347
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -49,973      -47,194      -40,445      -42,581      -47,011      -47,392      -54,382      -58,537
      (On-budget)...............................    (-43,490)    (-40,142)    (-33,060)    (-34,944)    (-39,101)    (-38,514)    (-44,780)    (-47,206)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-6,483)     (-7,052)     (-7,385)     (-7,637)     (-7,910)     (-8,878)     (-9,602)    (-11,331)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,601,307    1,652,685    1,702,035    1,789,216    1,863,190    2,011,153    2,160,117    2,293,006
      (On-budget)...............................  (1,290,681)  (1,336,081)  (1,381,257)  (1,458,451)  (1,516,352)  (1,655,491)  (1,797,108)  (1,913,495)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (310,626)    (316,604)    (320,778)    (330,765)    (346,838)    (355,662)    (363,009)    (379,511)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        16.9         16.2         16.1         16.5         16.4         17.3         18.7         19.9
Human resources.................................        62.6         62.5         62.2         62.4         64.1         65.5         65.6         64.8
Physical resources..............................         3.7          4.5          4.8          4.7          5.2          5.2          5.4          5.1
Net interest....................................        15.2         14.6         13.5         12.5         11.1          8.5          7.1          7.0
Other functions.................................         4.7          5.0          5.8          6.4          5.7          5.8          5.7          5.8
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.1         -2.9         -2.4         -2.4         -2.5         -2.4         -2.5         -2.6
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.6)       (80.8)       (81.2)       (81.5)       (81.4)       (82.3)       (83.2)       (83.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.4)       (19.2)       (18.8)       (18.5)       (18.6)       (17.7)       (16.8)       (16.6)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         3.3          3.1          3.0          3.0          3.0          3.4          3.7          4.0
Human resources.................................        12.3         12.0         11.6         11.5         11.9         12.7         13.1         12.9
Physical resources..............................         0.7          0.9          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.0          1.1          1.0
Net interest....................................         3.0          2.8          2.5          2.3          2.0          1.6          1.4          1.4
Other functions.................................         0.9          1.0          1.1          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.6         -0.5         -0.4         -0.4         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        19.6         19.2         18.7         18.4         18.5         19.4         20.0         19.9
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.8)       (15.5)       (15.1)       (15.0)       (15.1)       (16.0)       (16.6)       (16.6)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.8)        (3.7)        (3.5)        (3.4)        (3.4)        (3.4)        (3.4)        (3.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 54]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                2007         2008         2009         2010         2011         2012
           Superfunction and Function                 2005         2006       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
National defense................................     495,326      521,840      571,869      606,546      601,772      565,309      549,467      556,404
 
Human resources.................................   1,586,122    1,672,076    1,759,062    1,831,679    1,916,588    2,009,444    2,229,448    2,132,139
 
  Education, training, employment, and social         97,567      118,560       93,957       82,732       86,569       87,175       88,313       87,618
   services.....................................
  Health........................................     250,614      252,780      268,543      280,620      298,205      312,310      353,758      331,452
  Medicare......................................     298,638      329,868      372,252      391,646      414,412      439,334      486,926      480,620
  Income security...............................     345,847      352,477      365,371      380,815      386,772      399,313      413,439      414,043
  Social security...............................     523,305      548,549      586,538      612,505      644,615      682,505      794,892      721,598
      (On-budget)...............................     (16,526)     (16,058)     (19,359)     (19,965)     (22,037)     (24,230)     (30,072)     (27,113)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (506,779)    (532,491)    (567,179)    (592,540)    (622,578)    (658,275)    (764,820)    (694,485)
  Veterans benefits and services................      70,151       69,842       72,401       83,361       86,015       88,807       92,120       96,808
 
Physical resources..............................     130,177      164,800      144,462      136,203      125,302      124,685      119,120      121,715
 
  Energy........................................         429          782        1,836        1,405        1,684        2,169        2,318        2,303
  Natural resources and environment.............      28,023       33,055       35,203       32,904       30,732       30,950       31,488       31,118
  Commerce and housing credit...................       7,567        6,188          210       -2,040          644        2,291       -1,529       -1,107
      (On-budget)...............................      (9,358)      (7,263)     (-2,432)        (247)     (-1,240)        (778)     (-2,567)     (-3,203)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,791)     (-1,075)      (2,642)     (-2,287)      (1,884)      (1,513)      (1,038)      (2,096)
  Transportation................................      67,894       70,244       74,607       79,282       72,512       73,803       75,637       74,429
  Community and regional development............      26,264       54,531       32,606       24,652       19,730       15,472       11,206       14,972
 
Net interest....................................     183,986      226,603      239,153      261,276      274,156      280,847      284,938      283,681
      (On-budget)...............................    (275,822)    (324,325)    (345,402)    (375,894)    (398,958)    (417,339)    (447,064)    (432,959)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-91,836)    (-97,722)   (-106,249)   (-114,618)   (-124,802)   (-136,492)   (-162,126)   (-149,278)
 
Other functions.................................     141,818      138,366      151,545      152,414      156,394      151,631      155,722      152,599
 
  International affairs.........................      34,595       29,549       35,071       36,149       36,078       34,898       35,523       34,894
  General science, space and technology.........      23,628       23,616       24,862       26,636       28,350       28,886       31,033       29,319
  Agriculture...................................      26,566       25,970       20,116       19,869       19,517       19,791       20,452       20,285
  Administration of justice.....................      40,019       41,016       45,307       46,960       47,004       46,518       47,273       46,623
  General government............................      17,010       18,215       18,761       20,739       24,001       20,517       21,738       21,494
  Allowances....................................  ...........  ...........       7,428        2,061        1,444        1,021         -297          -16
 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -65,224      -68,250      -81,824      -86,257      -88,739      -82,831      -92,389      -89,210
      (On-budget)...............................    (-54,283)    (-56,625)    (-69,535)    (-73,149)    (-74,891)    (-68,092)    (-75,829)    (-73,422)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-10,941)    (-11,625)    (-12,289)    (-13,108)    (-13,848)    (-14,739)    (-16,560)    (-15,788)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   2,472,205    2,655,435    2,784,267    2,901,861    2,985,473    3,049,085    3,246,306    3,157,328
      (On-budget)...............................  (2,069,994)  (2,233,366)  (2,332,984)  (2,439,334)  (2,499,661)  (2,540,528)  (2,659,134)  (2,625,813)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (402,211)    (422,069)    (451,283)    (462,527)    (485,812)    (508,557)    (587,172)    (531,515)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        20.0         19.7         20.5         20.9         20.2         18.5         16.9         17.6
Human resources.................................        64.2         63.0         63.2         63.1         64.2         65.9         68.7         67.5
Physical resources..............................         5.3          6.2          5.2          4.7          4.2          4.1          3.7          3.9
Net interest....................................         7.4          8.5          8.6          9.0          9.2          9.2          8.8          9.0
Other functions.................................         5.7          5.2          5.4          5.3          5.2          5.0          4.8          4.8
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -2.6         -2.6         -2.9         -3.0         -3.0         -2.7         -2.8         -2.8
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
      (On-budget)...............................       (83.7)       (84.1)       (83.8)       (84.1)       (83.7)       (83.3)       (81.9)       (83.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (16.3)       (15.9)       (16.2)       (15.9)       (16.3)       (16.7)       (18.1)       (16.8)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         4.0          4.0          4.2          4.2          3.9          3.5          3.1          3.3
Human resources.................................        12.9         12.8         12.8         12.6         12.5         12.5         12.5         12.6
Physical resources..............................         1.1          1.3          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7
Net interest....................................         1.5          1.7          1.7          1.8          1.8          1.7          1.6          1.7
Other functions.................................         1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.9
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.5         -0.5         -0.6         -0.6         -0.6         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        20.2         20.3         20.2         20.0         19.5         18.9         18.3         18.6
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.9)       (17.1)       (17.0)       (16.8)       (16.3)       (15.8)       (15.0)       (15.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.3)        (3.2)        (3.3)        (3.2)        (3.2)        (3.2)        (3.3)        (3.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 55]]

 
    Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1962        1963        1964        1965        1966        1967        1968        1969        1970
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel......................     16,331      16,256      17,422      17,913      20,009      22,952      25,118      26,914      29,032
    Operation and Maintenance...............     11,594      11,874      11,932      12,349      14,710      19,000      20,578      22,227      21,609
    Procurement.............................     14,532      16,632      15,351      11,839      14,339      19,012      23,283      23,988      21,584
    Research, Development, Test, and              6,319       6,376       7,021       6,236       6,259       7,160       7,747       7,457       7,166
     Evaluation.............................
    Military Construction...................      1,347       1,144       1,026       1,007       1,334       1,536       1,281       1,389       1,168
    Family Housing..........................        259         563         550         563         569         485         495         574         614
    Other...................................       -271      -1,696        -717      -1,127        -590         -76       1,853      -1,777      -1,050
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--          50,111      51,147      52,585      48,780      56,629      70,069      80,355      80,771      80,123
   Military.................................
  053 Atomic energy defense activities......      2,074       2,041       1,902       1,620       1,466       1,277       1,336       1,389       1,415
  054 Defense-related activities............        160         212         270         220          16          71         235         337         154
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...................     52,345      53,400      54,757      50,620      58,111      71,417      81,926      82,497      81,692
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and               2,883       3,079       3,367       3,357       3,478       3,085       2,879       2,484       2,341
   humanitarian assistance..................
  152 International security assistance.....      1,958       2,185       1,830       1,599       1,590       1,530       1,051       1,102       1,094
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs............        249         346         231         336         354         369         354         370         398
  154 Foreign information and exchange              197         201         207         224         228         245         253         237         235
   activities...............................
  155 International financial programs......        353        -503        -690        -242         -69         338         765         407         261
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..............      5,639       5,308       4,945       5,273       5,580       5,566       5,301       4,600       4,330
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research....        497         534         766         789         858         897         930         938         947
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting      1,226       2,516       4,131       5,034       5,858       5,336       4,594       4,082       3,564
   activities...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and               1,723       3,051       4,897       5,823       6,717       6,233       5,524       5,020       4,511
   technology...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.........................        533         451         485         602         510         673         918         887         856
  276 Energy information, policy, and                71          80          87          97         101         109         118         122         142
   regulation...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.............................        604         530         572         699         612         782       1,037       1,010         997
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources.......................      1,290       1,448       1,461       1,546       1,704       1,685       1,644       1,591       1,514
  302 Conservation and land management......        376         357         364         384         351         417         457         323         436
  303 Recreational resources................        123         148         167         175         189         222         269         315         303
  304 Pollution control and abatement.......         70          87         117         134         158         190         249         303         384
  306 Other natural resources...............        186         212         255         292         317         354         370         368         428
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..      2,044       2,251       2,364       2,531       2,719       2,869       2,988       2,900       3,065
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.............      3,222       4,047       4,241       3,551       2,004       2,515       4,032       5,304       4,589
  352 Agricultural research and services....        340         337         368         404         444         475         512         521         577
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture........................      3,562       4,384       4,609       3,954       2,447       2,990       4,544       5,826       5,166
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit.......................        650        -592         -54         277       2,494       2,846       3,261        -720         590
  372 Postal Service........................        797         770         578         805         888       1,141       1,080         920       1,510
  373 Deposit insurance.....................       -394        -423        -436        -389        -486        -401        -522        -603        -501
  376 Other advancement of commerce.........        371         307         331         465         348         394         462         284         513
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit........      1,424          62         418       1,157       3,245       3,979       4,280        -119       2,112
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
On-budget unless otherwise stated.


[[Page 56]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1971        1972        1973        1974        1975        1976         TQ         1977        1978
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel......................     29,079      29,571      29,773      30,409      32,162      32,546       8,268      33,672      35,553
    Operation and Maintenance...............     20,941      21,675      21,069      22,478      26,297      27,837       7,232      30,587      33,580
    Procurement.............................     18,858      17,131      15,654      15,241      16,042      15,964       3,766      18,178      19,976
    Research, Development, Test, and              7,303       7,881       8,157       8,582       8,866       8,923       2,206       9,795      10,508
     Evaluation.............................
    Military Construction...................      1,095       1,108       1,119       1,407       1,462       2,019         376       1,914       1,932
    Family Housing..........................        598         688         729         884       1,124       1,192         296       1,358       1,405
    Other...................................       -376        -409      -1,468      -1,137      -1,101        -563        -338        -357        -694
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--          77,497      77,645      75,033      77,864      84,852      87,917      21,807      95,147     102,259
   Military.................................
  053 Atomic energy defense activities......      1,385       1,373       1,409       1,486       1,506       1,565         435       1,936       2,070
  054 Defense-related activities............        -10         156         240          -3         151         137          27         158         166
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...................     78,872      79,174      76,681      79,347      86,509      89,619      22,269      97,241     104,495
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and               2,296       2,394       1,741       2,430       3,134       2,636       1,119       2,823       2,647
   humanitarian assistance..................
  152 International security assistance.....      1,367       1,446       1,427       1,824       2,535       2,683       1,470       3,075       3,926
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs............        405         452         476         609         659         727         263         982       1,128
  154 Foreign information and exchange              241         274         295         320         348         382         115         386         423
   activities...............................
  155 International financial programs......       -150         215         211         527         421           4        -509        -913        -642
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..............      4,159       4,781       4,149       5,710       7,097       6,433       2,458       6,353       7,482
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research....      1,009         979         961       1,017       1,038       1,034         292       1,078       1,160
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting      3,172       3,196       3,071       2,963       2,953       3,338         871       3,657       3,766
   activities...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and               4,182       4,175       4,032       3,980       3,991       4,373       1,162       4,736       4,926
   technology...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.........................        880       1,089       1,007         969       2,446       3,530         913       4,841       6,075
  272 Energy conservation...................  ..........  ..........  ..........          3          48          51          38         143         221
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........         33          65          32         123         897
  276 Energy information, policy, and               155         207         231         331         389         558         146         664         798
   regulation...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.............................      1,035       1,296       1,237       1,303       2,916       4,204       1,129       5,770       7,991
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources.......................      1,768       1,948       2,221       2,200       2,608       2,742         805       3,213       3,431
  302 Conservation and land management......        553         522         403         243         761         744         193         736       1,229
  303 Recreational resources................        397         439         464         551         696         739         207         838       1,207
  304 Pollution control and abatement.......        702         764       1,122       2,035       2,523       3,067       1,091       4,279       3,965
  306 Other natural resources...............        495         567         565         668         757         891         228         966       1,151
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..      3,915       4,241       4,775       5,697       7,346       8,184       2,524      10,032      10,983
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.............      3,651       4,553       4,099       1,458       2,160       2,249         743       5,735      10,228
  352 Agricultural research and services....        639         675         722         736         837         860         229         998       1,073
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture........................      4,290       5,227       4,821       2,194       2,997       3,109         972       6,734      11,301
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit.......................         74         550        -399       2,119       5,463       4,336         562       2,609       4,553
  372 Postal Service........................      2,183       1,772       1,567       2,471       2,989       2,805         212       2,094       1,282
    (On-budget).............................     (2,183)     (1,418)     (1,410)     (1,698)     (1,877)     (1,720)       (938)     (2,267)     (1,778)
    (Off-budget)............................  ..........       (355)       (157)       (773)     (1,112)     (1,085)      (-726)      (-173)      (-496)
  373 Deposit insurance.....................       -383        -597        -805        -611         511        -573         -63      -2,788        -988
  376 Other advancement of commerce.........        492         497         568         726         984       1,051         221       1,178       1,406
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit........      2,366       2,222         931       4,705       9,947       7,619         931       3,093       6,254
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................     (2,366)     (1,867)       (774)     (3,932)     (8,835)     (6,534)     (1,657)     (3,266)     (6,750)
    (Off-budget)............................  ..........       (355)       (157)       (773)     (1,112)     (1,085)      (-726)      (-173)      (-496)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 57]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1979        1980        1981        1982        1983        1984        1985        1986        1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel......................     37,345      40,897      47,941      55,170      60,886      64,158      67,842      71,511      72,020
    Operation and Maintenance...............     36,440      44,788      51,878      59,673      64,881      67,329      72,336      75,255      76,167
    Procurement.............................     25,404      29,021      35,191      43,271      53,624      61,879      70,381      76,517      80,743
    Research, Development, Test, and             11,152      13,127      15,278      17,729      20,552      23,113      27,099      32,279      33,592
     Evaluation.............................
    Military Construction...................      2,080       2,450       2,458       2,922       3,524       3,705       4,260       5,067       5,853
    Family Housing..........................      1,468       1,680       1,721       1,993       2,126       2,413       2,642       2,819       2,908
    Other...................................       -284      -1,050        -605         -65      -1,236      -1,732         553       1,995       2,640
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--         113,605     130,912     153,861     180,693     204,356     220,865     245,114     265,443     273,922
   Military.................................
  053 Atomic energy defense activities......      2,541       2,878       3,398       4,309       5,171       6,120       7,098       7,445       7,451
  054 Defense-related activities............        196         206         253         307         375         428         535         487         626
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...................    116,342     133,995     157,513     185,309     209,903     227,413     252,748     273,375     281,999
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and               2,910       3,626       4,131       3,772       3,955       4,478       5,409       4,968       4,319
   humanitarian assistance..................
  152 International security assistance.....      3,655       4,763       5,095       5,416       6,613       7,924       9,391      10,499       7,106
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs............      1,310       1,366       1,343       1,625       1,761       1,872       2,043       2,270       2,208
  154 Foreign information and exchange              465         534         528         575         607         691         805         917       1,000
   activities...............................
  155 International financial programs......       -881       2,425       2,007         911      -1,089         910      -1,471      -4,501      -2,985
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..............      7,459      12,714      13,104      12,300      11,848      15,876      16,176      14,152      11,649
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research....      1,297       1,381       1,476       1,606       1,644       1,848       2,019       2,220       2,259
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting      3,937       4,451       4,992       5,593       6,290       6,469       6,607       6,756       6,957
   activities...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and               5,234       5,831       6,468       7,199       7,934       8,317       8,626       8,976       9,215
   technology...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.........................      7,165       8,367      10,202       8,263       6,143       3,255       2,615       2,839       2,318
  272 Energy conservation...................        252         569         730         516         477         527         491         515         281
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.........      1,021         342       3,280       3,877       1,855       2,518       1,838         597         788
  276 Energy information, policy, and               742         877         954         871         878         773         664         739         684
   regulation...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.............................      9,179      10,156      15,166      13,527       9,353       7,073       5,608       4,690       4,072
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources.......................      3,853       4,223       4,132       3,948       3,904       4,070       4,122       4,041       3,783
  302 Conservation and land management......      1,070       1,348       1,490       1,365       1,787       1,615       1,860       1,749       1,822
  303 Recreational resources................      1,239       1,372       1,297       1,154       1,170       1,269       1,242       1,152       1,215
  304 Pollution control and abatement.......      4,707       5,510       5,170       5,012       4,263       4,044       4,465       4,831       4,869
  306 Other natural resources...............      1,266       1,405       1,478       1,519       1,548       1,595       1,668       1,866       1,675
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..     12,135      13,858      13,568      12,998      12,672      12,593      13,357      13,639      13,363
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.............      9,895       7,441       9,783      14,344      21,323      11,877      23,751      29,619      24,743
  352 Agricultural research and services....      1,281       1,333       1,458       1,522       1,491       1,649       1,725       1,749       1,770
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture........................     11,176       8,774      11,241      15,866      22,814      13,526      25,477      31,368      26,513
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit.......................      3,991       5,887       6,063       6,056       5,135       4,382       3,054         934         -67
  372 Postal Service........................        896       1,246       1,432         154       1,111       1,239       1,351         758       1,593
    (On-budget).............................     (1,787)     (1,677)     (1,343)       (707)       (789)       (879)     (1,210)       (716)       (650)
    (Off-budget)............................      (-891)      (-431)        (89)      (-553)       (322)       (360)       (142)        (42)       (943)
  373 Deposit insurance.....................     -1,745        -285      -1,371      -2,056      -1,253        -616      -2,198       1,394       3,106
  376 Other advancement of commerce.........      1,545       2,542       2,083       2,101       1,688       1,955       2,130       1,973       1,803
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit........      4,686       9,390       8,206       6,256       6,681       6,959       4,337       5,059       6,435
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................     (5,577)     (9,821)     (8,117)     (6,809)     (6,359)     (6,599)     (4,195)     (5,017)     (5,492)
    (Off-budget)............................      (-891)      (-431)        (89)      (-553)       (322)       (360)       (142)        (42)       (943)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 58]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1988        1989        1990        1991        1992        1993        1994        1995        1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel......................     76,337      80,676      75,622      83,439      81,171      75,904      73,137      70,809      66,669
    Operation and Maintenance...............     84,436      86,960      88,294     101,715      91,939      94,036      87,868      91,017      88,711
    Procurement.............................     77,164      81,619      80,972      82,028      74,880      69,935      61,768      54,981      48,913
    Research, Development, Test, and             34,788      36,997      37,454      34,585      34,628      36,964      34,759      34,590      36,490
     Evaluation.............................
    Military Construction...................      5,874       5,275       5,080       3,497       4,262       4,831       4,979       6,823       6,683
    Family Housing..........................      3,082       3,257       3,501       3,296       3,271       3,255       3,316       3,571       3,828
    Other...................................        210          50      -1,218     -46,229      -3,313      -6,428       2,729      -2,415       1,841
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--         281,890     294,834     289,704     262,330     286,838     278,498     268,556     259,376     253,135
   Military.................................
  053 Atomic energy defense activities......      7,913       8,119       8,988       9,998      10,613      11,011      11,884      11,769      11,637
  054 Defense-related activities............        557         606         639         964         899       1,577       1,202         921         981
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...................    290,361     303,559     299,331     273,292     298,350     291,086     281,642     272,066     265,753
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and               4,703       4,836       5,498       5,141       6,133       5,827       7,049       7,599       6,160
   humanitarian assistance..................
  152 International security assistance.....      4,500       1,467       8,652       9,823       7,490       7,639       6,642       5,252       4,565
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs............      2,729       2,886       3,050       3,282       3,894       4,325       4,557       4,192       3,761
  154 Foreign information and exchange            1,051       1,106       1,103       1,253       1,280       1,352       1,398       1,417       1,187
   activities...............................
  155 International financial programs......     -2,513        -710      -4,539      -3,648      -2,689      -1,896      -2,564      -2,026      -2,177
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..............     10,471       9,585      13,764      15,851      16,107      17,248      17,083      16,434      13,496
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research....      2,427       2,641       2,834       3,153       3,569       3,937       3,862       4,130       4,015
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting      8,413      10,196      11,609      12,957      12,838      13,092      12,363      12,593      12,693
   activities...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and              10,840      12,837      14,443      16,110      16,407      17,029      16,226      16,723      16,708
   technology...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.........................        746       1,230       1,976       1,945       3,226       3,286       3,899       3,584       1,649
  272 Energy conservation...................        342         333         365         386         468         521         582         671         624
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.........        568         621         442        -235         319         336         275         223         141
  276 Energy information, policy, and               640         521         558         340         486         176         462         458         425
   regulation...............................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.............................      2,296       2,705       3,341       2,436       4,499       4,319       5,218       4,936       2,839
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources.......................      4,034       4,271       4,401       4,366       4,559       4,258       4,491       4,628       4,539
  302 Conservation and land management......      2,589       3,792       4,030       4,646       5,268       5,498       5,790       5,958       5,980
  303 Recreational resources................      1,273       1,349       1,400       1,539       1,691       1,900       1,880       2,010       1,949
  304 Pollution control and abatement.......      4,832       4,878       5,170       5,862       6,087       6,072       6,055       6,513       6,182
  306 Other natural resources...............      1,878       1,890       2,080       2,148       2,420       2,512       2,811       2,806       2,874
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..     14,606      16,182      17,080      18,559      20,025      20,239      21,026      21,915      21,524
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.............     15,272      14,860       9,717      12,911      12,664      17,721      12,339       7,038       6,481
  352 Agricultural research and services....      1,866       2,001       2,089       2,145       2,424       2,525       2,576       2,634       2,555
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture........................     17,138      16,861      11,806      15,056      15,088      20,246      14,915       9,672       9,036
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit.......................      4,992       4,978       3,845       5,362       4,320       1,554        -501      -1,038      -5,025
  372 Postal Service........................      2,229         127       2,116       1,828       1,169       1,602       1,233      -1,839         -58
    (On-budget).............................       (517)       (436)       (490)       (511)       (511)       (161)       (130)       (130)       (122)
    (Off-budget)............................     (1,712)      (-310)     (1,626)     (1,317)       (659)     (1,441)     (1,103)    (-1,969)      (-180)
  373 Deposit insurance.....................     10,020      21,996      57,891      66,232       2,518     -27,957      -7,570     -17,827      -8,394
  376 Other advancement of commerce.........      1,922       2,608       3,748       2,848       2,911       2,949       2,609       2,896       2,999
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit........     19,164      29,710      67,600      76,271      10,919     -21,853      -4,228     -17,808     -10,478
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................    (17,451)    (30,019)    (65,974)    (74,953)    (10,260)   (-23,294)    (-5,331)   (-15,839)   (-10,298)
    (Off-budget)............................     (1,712)      (-310)     (1,626)     (1,317)       (659)     (1,441)     (1,103)    (-1,969)      (-180)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 59]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..................................     69,724      68,976      69,503      75,950      73,977      86,799     106,744     113,576
    Operation and Maintenance...........................     92,408      93,412      96,344     105,812     111,964     130,005     151,408     174,045
    Procurement.........................................     47,690      48,206      48,826      51,696      54,986      62,515      67,926      76,216
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.........     37,011      37,416      37,359      37,602      40,455      44,389      53,098      60,759
    Military Construction...............................      6,187       6,044       5,521       5,109       4,977       5,052       5,851       6,312
    Family Housing......................................      4,003       3,871       3,692       3,413       3,516       3,736       3,784       3,905
    Other...............................................      1,231      -2,119         -31       1,478         337        -625      -1,641       1,640
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.........    258,254     255,806     261,214     281,060     290,212     331,871     387,170     436,453
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..................     11,267      11,262      12,221      12,138      12,931      14,795      16,029      16,625
  054 Defense-related activities........................        984       1,139       1,350       1,196       1,616       1,816       1,579       2,769
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...............................    270,505     268,207     274,785     294,394     304,759     348,482     404,778     455,847
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian              6,054       5,446       5,654       6,518       7,191       7,815      10,332      13,825
   assistance...........................................
  152 International security assistance.................      4,632       5,135       5,531       6,387       6,560       7,907       8,620       8,369
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs........................      3,919       3,262       4,162       4,709       5,050       7,068       6,683       7,897
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities.......      1,173       1,159       1,227         817         804         906         959       1,141
  155 International financial programs..................       -550      -1,893      -1,331      -1,215      -3,112      -1,345      -5,385      -4,341
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..........................     15,228      13,109      15,243      17,216      16,493      22,351      21,209      26,891
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research................      4,117       5,351       5,675       6,206       6,548       7,294       7,993       8,416
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.     13,056      12,866      12,446      12,427      13,236      13,473      12,880      14,637
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology..........     17,173      18,217      18,121      18,633      19,784      20,767      20,873      23,053
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.....................................        626         181        -118      -1,818      -1,145        -803      -2,061      -1,555
  272 Energy conservation...............................        572         621         586         666         760         878         897         926
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.....................         23         233         225         162         159         169         182         158
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation........        254         235         218         229         235         231         247         305
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.........................................      1,475       1,270         911        -761           9         475        -735        -166
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...................................      4,414       4,650       4,728       5,081       5,240       5,570       5,492       5,571
  302 Conservation and land management..................      5,669       6,204       6,367       6,762       7,109       9,797       9,739       9,758
  303 Recreational resources............................      2,044       2,106       2,672       2,558       2,339       2,750       2,872       2,963
  304 Pollution control and abatement...................      6,292       6,422       6,898       7,402       7,562       7,615       8,208       8,485
  306 Other natural resources...........................      2,808       2,918       3,303       3,228       3,373       3,722       3,392       3,948
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..............     21,227      22,300      23,968      25,031      25,623      29,454      29,703      30,725
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.........................      6,263       9,314      20,043      33,446      22,748      18,371      18,304      11,186
  352 Agricultural research and services................      2,627       2,764       2,837       3,013       3,505       3,595       4,193       4,254
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture....................................      8,890      12,078      22,880      36,459      26,253      21,966      22,497      15,440
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...................................     -4,006      -2,934         364      -3,335      -1,164      -7,015      -4,591       2,659
  372 Postal Service....................................         77         303       1,050       2,129       2,395         207      -5,169      -4,070
    (On-budget).........................................       (126)        (86)        (29)       (100)        (93)       (858)        (76)        (60)
    (Off-budget)........................................       (-49)       (217)     (1,021)     (2,029)     (2,302)      (-651)    (-5,245)    (-4,130)
  373 Deposit insurance.................................    -14,384      -4,371      -5,280      -3,053      -1,569      -1,026      -1,430      -1,976
  376 Other advancement of commerce.....................      3,674       8,010       6,508       7,467       6,070       7,428      11,918       8,653
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit....................    -14,639       1,008       2,642       3,208       5,732        -406         728       5,266
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (-14,590)       (791)     (1,621)     (1,179)     (3,430)       (245)     (5,973)     (9,396)
    (Off-budget)........................................       (-49)       (217)     (1,021)     (2,029)     (2,302)      (-651)    (-5,245)    (-4,130)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 60]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                Function and Subfunction                     2005        2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..................................    127,463     127,543     128,780     135,735         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Operation and Maintenance...........................    188,118     203,789     224,799     248,615         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Procurement.........................................     82,294      89,757     104,302     110,837         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.........     65,694      68,629      71,075      69,591         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Military Construction...............................      5,331       6,245       8,758      10,059         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Family Housing......................................      3,720       3,717       4,329       3,975         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Other...............................................      1,469        -370       6,842       4,455         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.........    474,089     499,310     548,885     583,267     578,961     543,038     534,441     527,356
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..................     18,042      17,468      17,876      18,020      17,946      17,355      16,907      16,972
  054 Defense-related activities........................      3,195       5,062       5,108       5,259       4,865       4,916       5,056       5,139
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...............................    495,326     521,840     571,869     606,546     601,772     565,309     556,404     549,467
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian             17,711      16,720      15,799      15,441      15,817      16,036      16,299      16,743
   assistance...........................................
  152 International security assistance.................      7,895       7,811       9,286       9,760       9,633       9,237       9,013       8,967
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs........................      9,149       8,568      11,169      10,627      10,311       9,315       9,281       9,538
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities.......      1,143       1,176       1,091       1,252       1,277       1,294       1,311       1,322
  155 International financial programs..................     -1,303      -4,726      -2,274        -931        -960        -984      -1,010      -1,047
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..........................     34,595      29,549      35,071      36,149      36,078      34,898      34,894      35,523
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research................      8,850       9,125       9,441      10,041      10,878      11,622      12,457      13,253
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.     14,778      14,491      15,421      16,595      17,472      17,264      16,862      17,780
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology..........     23,628      23,616      24,862      26,636      28,350      28,886      29,319      31,033
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.....................................       -940         231          20         -58         161         657         779         779
  272 Energy conservation...............................        883         747         663         726         672         649         653         661
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.....................        162        -441         763         268         317         331         335         339
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation........        324         245         390         469         534         532         536         539
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.........................................        429         782       1,836       1,405       1,684       2,169       2,303       2,318
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...................................      5,723       8,026       9,293       7,508       5,923       5,874       5,796       5,861
  302 Conservation and land management..................      6,226       7,813       9,375       8,876       8,193       8,574       9,083       9,349
  303 Recreational resources............................      3,018       3,069       3,040       3,266       3,366       3,393       3,464       3,494
  304 Pollution control and abatement...................      8,079       8,572       8,279       8,022       7,956       7,782       7,653       7,640
  306 Other natural resources...........................      4,977       5,575       5,216       5,232       5,294       5,327       5,122       5,144
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..............     28,023      33,055      35,203      32,904      30,732      30,950      31,118      31,488
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.........................     22,048      21,411      15,654      15,331      14,997      15,340      15,723      15,978
  352 Agricultural research and services................      4,518       4,559       4,462       4,538       4,520       4,451       4,562       4,474
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture....................................     26,566      25,970      20,116      19,869      19,517      19,791      20,285      20,452
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...................................       -862        -619      -3,691      -3,325      -3,715      -4,182      -4,588      -4,775
  372 Postal Service....................................     -1,223        -971      -5,613      -7,606      -3,427      -3,898      -3,315      -4,473
    (On-budget).........................................       (568)       (104)    (-8,255)    (-5,319)    (-5,311)    (-5,411)    (-5,411)    (-5,511)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-1,791)    (-1,075)     (2,642)    (-2,287)     (1,884)     (1,513)     (2,096)     (1,038)
  373 Deposit insurance.................................     -1,371      -1,110      -2,197      -3,357      -5,572      -5,944      -6,101      -3,935
  376 Other advancement of commerce.....................     11,023       8,888      11,711      12,248      13,358      16,315      12,897      11,654
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit....................      7,567       6,188         210      -2,040         644       2,291      -1,107      -1,529
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................     (9,358)     (7,263)    (-2,432)       (247)    (-1,240)       (778)    (-3,203)    (-2,567)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-1,791)    (-1,075)     (2,642)    (-2,287)     (1,884)     (1,513)     (2,096)     (1,038)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
N/A = Not available.


[[Page 61]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1962        1963        1964        1965        1966        1967        1968        1969        1970
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.................      2,855       3,090       3,715       4,105       4,072       4,139       4,378       4,443       4,678
  402 Air transportation....................        818         851         882         941         961       1,042       1,084       1,206       1,408
  403 Water transportation..................        617         655         646         717         695         749         841         857         895
  407 Other transportation..................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........          3           6          13          21          26
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.....................      4,290       4,596       5,242       5,763       5,730       5,936       6,316       6,526       7,008
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.................        266         233         316         413         423         580         649         833       1,449
  452 Area and regional development.........        179         307         592         648         448         450         613         679         685
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.........         23          34          25          53         234          78         120          40         257
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.        469         574         933       1,114       1,105       1,108       1,382       1,552       2,392
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and
 social services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational         482         553         579         719       1,627       2,310       2,516       2,470       2,893
   education................................
  502 Higher education......................        328         426         382         413         706       1,161       1,394       1,234       1,387
  503 Research and general education aids...         58          55          62          92         122         156         240         210         355
  504 Training and employment...............        189         203         291         528         983       1,233       1,582       1,560       1,602
  505 Other labor services..................         74          84          72          97         101         107         112         122         135
  506 Social services.......................        110         137         169         291         823       1,486       1,791       1,952       2,263
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and            1,241       1,458       1,555       2,140       4,363       6,453       7,634       7,548       8,634
   social services..........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..................        528         623         740         881       1,486       2,004       2,694       3,360       3,993
  552 Health research and training..........        580         722         925         780         918       1,184       1,517       1,599       1,688
  554 Consumer and occupational health and           89         106         123         130         138         163         179         203         226
   safety...................................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.............................      1,198       1,451       1,788       1,791       2,543       3,351       4,390       5,162       5,907
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..............................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........         64       2,748       4,649       5,695       6,213
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability             661         632         682         668         736         731         944       1,035       1,032
   insurance (excluding social security)....
  602 Federal employee retirement and             1,959       2,240       2,554       2,865       3,326       3,802       4,285       4,782       5,545
   disability...............................
  603 Unemployment compensation.............      3,809       3,344       3,178       2,577       2,215       2,263       2,527       2,577       3,359
  604 Housing assistance....................        165         179         150         231         238         271         312         383         499
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.........        275         284         308         299         363         418         505         587         960
  609 Other income security.................      2,338       2,633       2,785       2,828       2,799       2,776       3,243       3,712       4,260
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security....................      9,207       9,311       9,657       9,469       9,678      10,261      11,816      13,076      15,655
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security.......................     14,365      15,788      16,620      17,460      20,694      21,725      23,854      27,298      30,270
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........        (94)        (94)       (414)       (458)
    (Off-budget)............................    (14,365)    (15,788)    (16,620)    (17,460)    (20,694)    (21,631)    (23,760)    (26,885)    (29,812)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans..........      3,970       4,208       4,148       4,216       4,185       4,547       4,668       5,041       5,552
  702 Veterans education, training, and             151          95          71          52          51         300         470         691       1,002
   rehabilitation...........................
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans      1,084       1,145       1,229       1,270       1,318       1,391       1,469       1,564       1,800
  704 Veterans housing......................        242        -104          49           5         173         308         215         107          62
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..        172         170         179         173         188         189         210         229         253
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.....      5,619       5,514       5,675       5,716       5,916       6,735       7,032       7,631       8,669
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 62]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1971        1972        1973        1974        1975        1976         TQ         1977        1978
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.................      5,182       5,356       5,641       5,583       7,027       9,602       2,336      10,226      10,431
  402 Air transportation....................      1,807       1,907       2,159       2,216       2,387       2,531         578       2,786       3,243
  403 Water transportation..................      1,027       1,094       1,211       1,316       1,430       1,542         415       1,741       1,787
  407 Other transportation..................         37          36          56          57          74          65          28          76          61
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.....................      8,052       8,392       9,066       9,172      10,918      13,739       3,358      14,829      15,521
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.................      1,728       2,100       2,044       2,108       2,318       2,772         896       3,411       3,298
  452 Area and regional development.........        835         928         981       1,339       1,607       2,149         563       2,961       5,672
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.........        353         396       1,580         782         398         522         111         649       2,871
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.      2,917       3,423       4,605       4,229       4,322       5,442       1,569       7,021      11,841
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and
 social services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational       3,333       3,686       3,573       3,573       4,349       4,200       1,074       4,638       5,186
   education................................
  502 Higher education......................      1,435       1,448       1,534       1,451       2,182       2,813         744       3,200       3,710
  503 Research and general education aids...        295         319         429         621         790         783         180         894       1,033
  504 Training and employment...............      1,952       2,894       3,283       2,910       4,063       6,288       1,912       6,877      10,784
  505 Other labor services..................        157         184         202         219         259         301          83         374         410
  506 Social services.......................      2,677       3,998       3,724       3,683       4,380       4,526       1,176       5,122       5,588
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and            9,849      12,529      12,745      12,457      16,022      18,910       5,169      21,104      26,710
   social services..........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..................      4,766       6,205       6,527       7,707       9,519      11,725       2,945      13,031      13,928
  552 Health research and training..........      1,801       2,085       2,423       2,497       2,779       3,323         811       3,524       3,752
  554 Consumer and occupational health and          277         383         406         529         632         686         168         747         844
   safety...................................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.............................      6,843       8,674       9,356      10,733      12,930      15,734       3,924      17,302      18,524
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..............................      6,622       7,479       8,052       9,639      12,875      15,834       4,264      19,345      22,768
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability           1,613       1,812       2,596       2,750       4,689       3,248       1,166       3,558       3,365
   insurance (excluding social security)....
  602 Federal employee retirement and             6,585       7,684       8,902      10,783      13,238      15,484       4,269      17,735      19,853
   disability...............................
  603 Unemployment compensation.............      6,166       7,072       5,354       6,065      13,459      19,453       4,004      15,315      11,847
  604 Housing assistance....................        764       1,125       1,631       1,825       2,058       2,499         662       2,968       3,677
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.........      2,179       3,218       3,641       4,433       6,643       7,959       1,824       8,527       8,926
  609 Other income security.................      5,640       6,740       6,153       7,856      10,088      12,156       3,060      12,957      13,837
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security....................     22,946      27,650      28,276      33,713      50,176      60,799      14,985      61,060      61,505
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security.......................     35,872      40,157      49,090      55,867      64,658      73,899      19,763      85,061      93,861
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................       (465)       (538)       (526)       (494)       (499)       (515)  ..........       (717)       (741)
    (Off-budget)............................    (35,408)    (39,620)    (48,565)    (55,373)    (64,159)    (73,384)    (19,763)    (84,344)    (93,120)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans..........      5,973       6,354       6,540       6,794       7,877       8,369       2,085       9,229       9,759
  702 Veterans education, training, and           1,644       1,942       2,781       3,233       4,561       5,498         777       3,683       3,337
   rehabilitation...........................
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans      2,036       2,425       2,711       3,006       3,665       4,046       1,039       4,708       5,254
  704 Veterans housing......................       -171        -310        -368          -4          39         -58         -47        -131          43
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..        286         308         338         345         442         564         106         533         569
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.....      9,768      10,720      12,003      13,374      16,584      18,419       3,960      18,022      18,961
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 63]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1979        1980        1981        1982        1983        1984        1985        1986        1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.................     12,662      15,274      17,074      14,321      14,265      16,158      17,606      18,725      17,150
  402 Air transportation....................      3,355       3,723       3,814       3,526       4,000       4,415       4,895       5,287       5,520
  403 Water transportation..................      1,969       2,229       2,381       2,687       2,969       3,010       3,201       3,964       3,461
  407 Other transportation..................         93         104         110          90          99          85         137         140          91
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.....................     18,079      21,329      23,379      20,625      21,334      23,669      25,838      28,117      26,222
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.................      4,000       4,907       5,070       4,608       4,353       4,520       4,598       4,095       3,680
  452 Area and regional development.........      4,868       4,303       3,818       3,841       3,212       3,034       3,117       2,723       1,599
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.........      1,611       2,043       1,680        -102          -1         119         -35         416        -229
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.     10,480      11,252      10,568       8,347       7,564       7,673       7,680       7,233       5,051
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and
 social services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational       6,123       6,893       7,099       6,722       6,258       6,483       7,598       7,802       7,869
   education................................
  502 Higher education......................      5,030       6,723       8,767       7,116       7,184       7,318       8,156       8,359       7,361
  503 Research and general education aids...      1,157       1,212       1,171       1,211       1,155       1,333       1,231       1,268       1,361
  504 Training and employment...............     10,833      10,345       9,241       5,464       5,295       4,644       4,972       5,257       5,084
  505 Other labor services..................        488         551         587         589         599         639         678         672         675
  506 Social services.......................      6,593       6,119       6,287       5,511       5,706       6,506       5,961       6,421       6,574
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and           30,223      31,843      33,152      26,612      26,197      26,922      28,596      29,779      28,924
   social services..........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..................     15,988      18,003      21,205      21,786      23,008      24,522      26,984      28,850      32,615
  552 Health research and training..........      3,607       4,161       4,615       4,618       4,552       4,767       5,376       5,921       6,156
  554 Consumer and occupational health and          899       1,006       1,047       1,041       1,081       1,129       1,182       1,165       1,197
   safety...................................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.............................     20,494      23,169      26,866      27,445      28,641      30,417      33,542      35,936      39,967
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..............................     26,495      32,090      39,149      46,567      52,588      57,540      65,822      70,164      75,120
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability           4,373       5,083       5,439       5,571       5,581       5,441       5,617       5,330       5,565
   insurance (excluding social security)....
  602 Federal employee retirement and            22,676      26,611      31,296      34,345      36,530      38,080      38,621      41,392      43,782
   disability...............................
  603 Unemployment compensation.............     10,813      18,051      19,656      23,728      31,464      18,421      17,475      17,753      17,080
  604 Housing assistance....................      4,367       5,632       7,752       8,738       9,998      11,270      25,263      12,383      12,656
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.........     10,787      14,016      16,205      15,581      17,952      18,055      18,540      18,602      18,940
  609 Other income security.................     13,361      17,163      19,951      20,192      21,506      22,085      23,464      25,173      26,065
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security....................     66,376      86,557     100,299     108,155     123,031     113,352     128,979     120,633     124,088
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security.......................    104,073     118,547     139,584     155,964     170,724     178,223     188,623     198,757     207,353
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................       (757)       (675)       (670)       (844)    (19,993)     (7,056)     (5,189)     (8,072)     (4,930)
    (Off-budget)............................   (103,316)   (117,872)   (138,914)   (155,120)   (150,731)   (171,167)   (183,434)   (190,684)   (202,422)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans..........     10,793      11,700      12,921      13,723      14,263      14,412      14,728      15,047      14,978
  702 Veterans education, training, and           2,725       2,310       2,226       1,917       1,598       1,333       1,029         496         424
   rehabilitation...........................
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans      5,611       6,515       6,965       7,517       8,272       8,861       9,547       9,872      10,266
  704 Veterans housing......................        176          -4         217         120          17         257         230         128         344
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..        609         648         643         662         673         725         728         784         737
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.....     19,914      21,169      22,973      23,938      24,824      25,588      26,262      26,327      26,750
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 64]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1988        1989        1990        1991        1992        1993        1994        1995        1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.................     18,148      17,946      18,954      19,545      20,347      21,251      23,940      25,297      25,650
  402 Air transportation....................      5,897       6,622       7,234       8,184       9,313      10,049      10,146      10,020      10,135
  403 Water transportation..................      3,111       2,916       3,151       3,148       3,429       3,423       3,648       3,732       3,460
  407 Other transportation..................        116         124         146         223         244         281         333         301         320
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.....................     27,272      27,608      29,485      31,099      33,332      35,004      38,066      39,350      39,565
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.................      3,449       3,693       3,530       3,543       3,643       3,681       4,133       4,744       4,860
  452 Area and regional development.........      2,075       1,894       2,902       2,745       2,317       2,541       2,337       2,723       2,727
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.........       -230        -226       2,098         522         876       2,924       4,150       3,279       3,154
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.      5,294       5,362       8,531       6,810       6,836       9,146      10,620      10,746      10,741
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and
 social services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational       8,377       9,150       9,918      11,372      12,402      13,481      14,258      14,694      14,871
   education................................
  502 Higher education......................      8,244      10,584      11,107      11,961      11,268      14,483       7,876      14,172      12,191
  503 Research and general education aids...      1,372       1,511       1,579       1,780       2,004       2,060       2,104       2,146       2,241
  504 Training and employment...............      5,215       5,292       5,619       5,934       6,479       6,700       7,097       7,430       7,030
  505 Other labor services..................        739         786         810         788         884         948         958         965         925
  506 Social services.......................      6,988       8,010       8,145       9,406       9,714       9,724      11,001      11,639      11,078
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and           30,936      35,333      37,179      41,241      42,751      47,397      43,295      51,046      48,336
   social services..........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..................     36,016      39,164      47,642      60,723      77,719      86,860      94,259     101,931     106,622
  552 Health research and training..........      7,186       7,870       8,611       8,899      10,021      10,794      11,000      11,569      10,827
  554 Consumer and occupational health and        1,285       1,356       1,462       1,560       1,757       1,762       1,863       1,918       1,929
   safety...................................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.............................     44,487      48,390      57,716      71,183      89,497      99,415     107,122     115,418     119,378
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..............................     78,878      84,964      98,102     104,489     119,024     130,552     144,747     159,855     174,225
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability           5,294       5,650       5,148       4,945       5,483       4,347       5,720       5,106       5,234
   insurance (excluding social security)....
  602 Federal employee retirement and            46,920      49,202      52,037      56,151      57,646      60,093      62,540      65,882      68,071
   disability...............................
  603 Unemployment compensation.............     15,271      15,616      18,889      27,084      39,466      37,802      28,729      23,638      24,898
  604 Housing assistance....................     13,906      14,715      15,905      17,196      18,939      21,577      23,935      27,583      26,827
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.........     20,083      21,192      23,964      28,481      32,622      35,148      36,773      37,594      37,933
  609 Other income security.................     28,903      31,050      32,725      38,605      45,406      51,002      59,468      63,996      66,773
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security....................    130,377     137,426     148,668     172,462     199,562     209,969     217,166     223,799     229,736
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security.......................    219,341     232,542     248,623     269,015     287,585     304,585     319,565     335,846     349,671
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................     (4,852)     (5,069)     (3,625)     (2,619)     (6,166)     (6,236)     (5,683)     (5,476)     (5,802)
    (Off-budget)............................   (214,489)   (227,473)   (244,998)   (266,395)   (281,418)   (298,349)   (313,881)   (330,370)   (343,869)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans..........     15,980      16,562      15,261      16,981      17,318      17,781      19,638      18,993      18,228
  702 Veterans education, training, and             424         426         245         393         746         788       1,075       1,081       1,073
   rehabilitation...........................
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans     10,842      11,343      12,134      12,889      14,091      14,812      15,678      16,428      16,586
  704 Veterans housing......................      1,305         892         530         100         917       1,314         212         345          80
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..        834         808         889         943         992         976         982       1,043       1,018
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.....     29,386      30,031      29,058      31,305      34,064      35,671      37,584      37,890      36,985
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 65]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.............................     26,795      26,004      28,052      31,697      35,804      40,158      37,491      40,744
  402 Air transportation................................     10,138      10,622      10,720      10,571      13,975      16,538      23,343      16,743
  403 Water transportation..............................      3,554       3,518       3,546       4,394       4,401       5,041       5,907       6,898
  407 Other transportation..............................        280         199         214         191         267          96         328         242
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.................................     40,767      40,343      42,532      46,853      54,447      61,833      67,069      64,627
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.............................      4,962       5,118       5,116       5,480       5,313       5,998       6,346       6,167
  452 Area and regional development.....................      2,741       2,512       2,327       2,538       2,634       2,633       2,397       2,351
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.....................      3,346       2,141       4,422       2,605       3,826       4,350      10,107       7,304
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.............     11,049       9,771      11,865      10,623      11,773      12,981      18,850      15,822
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social
 services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...     15,073      16,606      17,589      20,578      22,858      25,879      31,473      34,360
  502 Higher education..................................     12,298      12,070      10,673      10,116       9,568      17,049      22,697      25,264
  503 Research and general education aids...............      2,166       2,300       2,354       2,567       2,807       2,965       3,008       3,047
  504 Training and employment...........................      6,681       6,636       6,783       6,777       7,192       8,354       8,379       7,918
  505 Other labor services..............................      1,009       1,036       1,076       1,194       1,268       1,433       1,473       1,546
  506 Social services...................................     11,764      11,884      12,152      12,557      13,480      14,901      15,573      15,855
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..     48,991      50,532      50,627      53,789      57,173      70,581      82,603      87,990
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..............................    109,973     116,338     124,520     136,230     151,911     172,597     192,608     210,092
  552 Health research and training......................     11,847      13,073      14,383      15,979      17,926      21,356      24,044      27,099
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety.......      2,023       2,031       2,171       2,324       2,433       2,591       2,924       2,943
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.........................................    123,843     131,442     141,074     154,533     172,270     196,544     219,576     240,134
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..........................................    190,016     192,822     190,447     197,113     217,384     230,855     249,433     269,360
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance             4,721       4,632       1,878       5,189       5,761       5,741       7,047       6,573
   (excluding social security)..........................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability........     71,539      73,485      75,146      77,152      80,972      83,361      85,154      88,729
  603 Unemployment compensation.........................     22,888      22,070      23,631      23,012      30,242      53,267      57,054      44,994
  604 Housing assistance................................     27,878      28,828      27,799      28,949      30,250      33,251      35,525      36,790
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.....................     36,061      33,585      33,147      32,483      34,053      38,150      42,526      46,012
  609 Other income security.............................     71,945      75,150      80,877      86,939      88,496      98,950     107,326     109,961
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security................................    235,032     237,750     242,478     253,724     269,774     312,720     334,632     333,059
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...................................    365,251     379,215     390,037     409,423     432,958     455,980     474,680     495,548
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................     (6,879)     (9,146)    (10,824)    (13,254)    (11,701)    (13,969)    (13,279)    (14,348)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (358,372)   (370,069)   (379,213)   (396,169)   (421,257)   (442,011)   (461,401)   (481,200)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans......................     20,435      21,350      22,184      24,907      22,498      26,720      29,091      30,849
  702 Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation..      1,113       1,058       1,222       1,285       1,193       1,726       2,106       2,562
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans............     17,093      17,545      18,168      19,516      20,959      22,290      24,082      26,859
  704 Veterans housing..................................       -327         853         580         364        -904      -1,006         505      -1,982
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..............        999         975       1,058       1,011       1,293       1,254       1,238       1,491
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.................     39,313      41,781      43,212      47,083      45,039      50,984      57,022      59,779
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 66]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                Function and Subfunction                     2005        2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.............................     42,317      45,209      48,303      50,887      52,558      53,709      53,870      54,591
  402 Air transportation................................     18,807      18,005      18,254      19,570      11,049      11,070      11,328      11,611
  403 Water transportation..............................      6,439       6,688       7,585       8,480       8,566       8,689       8,890       9,091
  407 Other transportation..............................        331         342         465         345         339         335         341         344
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.................................     67,894      70,244      74,607      79,282      72,512      73,803      74,429      75,637
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.............................      5,861       5,845       8,667       8,908       8,583       7,381       7,531       3,836
  452 Area and regional development.....................      2,745       2,580       2,644       2,637       2,465       2,414       2,493       2,495
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.....................     17,658      46,106      21,295      13,107       8,682       5,677       4,948       4,875
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.............     26,264      54,531      32,606      24,652      19,730      15,472      14,972      11,206
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social
 services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...     38,271      39,710      40,041      36,844      37,831      37,821      37,690      37,991
  502 Higher education..................................     31,442      50,471      23,854      18,230      21,913      22,623      22,940      23,004
  503 Research and general education aids...............      3,136       3,076       3,578       3,293       3,324       3,318       3,362       3,401
  504 Training and employment...........................      6,852       7,199       7,636       7,014       6,563       6,474       6,478       6,548
  505 Other labor services..............................      1,615       1,631       1,591       1,650       1,640       1,631       1,654       1,670
  506 Social services...................................     16,251      16,473      17,257      15,701      15,298      15,308      15,494      15,699
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..     97,567     118,560      93,957      82,732      86,569      87,175      87,618      88,313
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..............................    219,625     220,841     236,337     247,770     265,452     279,816     298,818     320,674
  552 Health research and training......................     28,050      28,828      29,167      29,583      29,486      29,208      29,287      29,696
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety.......      2,939       3,111       3,039       3,267       3,267       3,286       3,347       3,388
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.........................................    250,614     252,780     268,543     280,620     298,205     312,310     331,452     353,758
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..........................................    298,638     329,868     372,252     391,646     414,412     439,334     480,620     486,926
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance             6,976       4,592       7,904       8,931       7,251       7,372       7,824       7,968
   (excluding social security)..........................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability........     93,351      98,296     104,755     109,227     113,379     117,328     121,218     124,551
  603 Unemployment compensation.........................     35,435      33,814      34,550      36,688      38,021      40,142      42,155      43,837
  604 Housing assistance................................     37,899      38,295      38,952      39,985      38,417      36,973      36,279      36,252
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.....................     50,833      53,928      55,948      57,496      58,767      60,240      61,888      63,410
  609 Other income security.............................    121,353     123,552     123,262     128,488     130,937     137,258     144,679     137,421
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security................................    345,847     352,477     365,371     380,815     386,772     399,313     414,043     413,439
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...................................    523,305     548,549     586,538     612,505     644,615     682,505     721,598     794,892
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................    (16,526)    (16,058)    (19,359)    (19,965)    (22,037)    (24,230)    (27,113)    (30,072)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (506,779)   (532,491)   (567,179)   (592,540)   (622,578)   (658,275)   (694,485)   (764,820)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans......................     35,767      35,771      36,996      42,225      45,081      47,980      54,804      49,632
  702 Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation..      2,790       2,638       3,044       3,037       3,238       3,317       3,687       3,709
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans............     28,754      29,888      30,492      34,551      34,027      33,847      34,577      34,771
  704 Veterans housing..................................        860      -1,242        -904          11          47          39          55         279
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..............      1,980       2,787       2,773       3,537       3,622       3,624       3,685       3,729
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.................     70,151      69,842      72,401      83,361      86,015      88,807      96,808      92,120
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 67]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1962        1963        1964        1965        1966        1967        1968        1969        1970
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities....        269         288         306         333         355         389         409         470         571
  752 Federal litigative and judicial               111         124         131         146         153         165         178         202         245
   activities...............................
  753 Federal correctional activities.......         49          53          53          57          55          58          63          65          79
  754 Criminal justice assistance...........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........          1           6           8          29          65
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice..........        429         465         489         536         564         618         659         766         959
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.................        178         176         174         189         208         218         237         254         303
  802 Executive direction and management....         12          13          15          17          17          19          21          25          30
  803 Central fiscal operations.............        492         542         607         636         671         725         745         790         914
  804 General property and records                  403         439         532         624         575         646         497         543         551
   management...............................
  805 Central personnel management..........         22          22          23          23          25          19          37          38          44
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.....        212         232         241         238         268         305         339         430         535
  808 Other general government..............         28          63         150          39          79         101         126          40         121
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts....       -299        -257        -224        -266        -241        -314        -245        -181        -177
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.................      1,049       1,230       1,518       1,499       1,603       1,719       1,757       1,939       2,320
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities        9,120       9,895      10,666      11,346      12,014      13,391      14,573      16,588      19,304
   (gross)..................................
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust         -824        -895      -1,006      -1,121      -1,259      -1,492      -1,689      -1,953      -2,367
   funds....................................
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust        -609        -582        -607        -648        -642        -792        -979      -1,149      -1,568
   funds....................................
  908 Other interest........................       -797        -678        -855        -986        -727        -839        -816        -788        -989
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest.......................      6,889       7,740       8,199       8,591       9,386      10,268      11,090      12,699      14,380
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................     (7,498)     (8,322)     (8,805)     (9,239)    (10,028)    (11,060)    (12,069)    (13,848)    (15,948)
    (Off-budget)............................      (-609)      (-582)      (-607)      (-648)      (-642)      (-792)      (-979)    (-1,149)    (-1,568)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement        -5,042      -5,188      -5,413      -5,572      -5,957      -6,242      -6,639      -7,026      -7,808
   (on-budget)..............................
  952 Employer share, employee retirement          -221        -242        -279        -282        -337        -415        -445        -532        -637
   (off-budget).............................
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer              -12        -367         -16         -53        -248        -637        -961        -428        -187
   Continental Shelf........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..     -5,274      -5,797      -5,708      -5,908      -6,542      -7,294      -8,045      -7,986      -8,632
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................    (-5,053)    (-5,555)    (-5,429)    (-5,626)    (-6,205)    (-6,879)    (-7,600)    (-7,454)    (-7,995)
    (Off-budget)............................      (-221)      (-242)      (-279)      (-282)      (-337)      (-415)      (-445)      (-532)      (-637)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    106,821     111,316     118,528     118,228     134,532     157,464     178,134     183,640     195,649
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................    (93,286)    (96,352)   (102,794)   (101,699)   (114,817)   (137,040)   (155,798)   (158,436)   (168,042)
    (Off-budget)............................    (13,535)    (14,964)    (15,734)    (16,529)    (19,715)    (20,424)    (22,336)    (25,204)    (27,607)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 68]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1971        1972        1973        1974        1975        1976         TQ         1977        1978
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities....        693         843       1,020       1,129       1,426       1,604         436       1,772       1,944
  752 Federal litigative and judicial               287         347         390         426         550         697         213         842         943
   activities...............................
  753 Federal correctional activities.......         94         115         140         179         200         208          57         240         307
  754 Criminal justice assistance...........        233         380         624         770         853         921         213         847         729
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice..........      1,307       1,684       2,174       2,505       3,028       3,430         918       3,701       3,923
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.................        342         404         438         521         593         678         183         849         909
  802 Executive direction and management....         38          59          71         117          63          68          16          76          73
  803 Central fiscal operations.............        991       1,155       1,182       1,299       1,888       1,504         360       1,869       1,988
  804 General property and records                  573         680         818         968         395          46          46         136         261
   management...............................
  805 Central personnel management..........         51          57          66          74          88         107          25         100         129
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.....        535         672       7,350       6,888       7,184       7,232       3,173       9,569       8,442
  808 Other general government..............        126         173         157         363         424         393         227         448         448
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts....       -214        -241        -309        -198        -261        -322        -150        -256        -289
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.................      2,442       2,960       9,774      10,032      10,374       9,706       3,878      12,791      11,961
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities       20,959      21,849      24,167      29,319      32,665      37,076       8,104      41,915      48,712
   (gross)..................................
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust       -2,820      -2,983      -3,156      -4,064      -4,861      -4,988        -177      -5,488      -6,128
   funds....................................
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust      -1,942      -2,106      -2,280      -2,520      -2,803      -2,812         -93      -2,650      -2,403
   funds....................................
  908 Other interest........................     -1,356      -1,282      -1,382      -1,286      -1,756      -2,549        -885      -3,875      -4,724
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest.......................     14,841      15,478      17,349      21,449      23,244      26,727       6,949      29,901      35,458
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................    (16,783)    (17,584)    (19,629)    (23,969)    (26,047)    (29,539)     (7,042)    (32,551)    (37,860)
    (Off-budget)............................    (-1,942)    (-2,106)    (-2,280)    (-2,520)    (-2,803)    (-2,812)       (-93)    (-2,650)    (-2,403)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement        -8,417      -8,646      -8,759      -9,236     -10,258     -10,761      -2,646     -11,528     -12,401
   (on-budget)..............................
  952 Employer share, employee retirement          -640        -657        -695        -764        -916        -963        -249        -977      -1,060
   (off-budget).............................
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer           -1,051        -279      -3,956      -6,748      -2,428      -2,662      -1,311      -2,374      -2,259
   Continental Shelf........................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..    -10,107      -9,583     -13,409     -16,749     -13,602     -14,386      -4,206     -14,879     -15,720
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................    (-9,467)    (-8,926)   (-12,714)   (-15,985)   (-12,686)   (-13,423)    (-3,957)   (-13,902)   (-14,660)
    (Off-budget)............................      (-640)      (-657)      (-695)      (-764)      (-916)      (-963)      (-249)      (-977)    (-1,060)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    210,172     230,681     245,707     269,359     332,332     371,792      95,975     409,218     458,746
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................   (177,346)   (193,470)   (199,961)   (216,496)   (270,780)   (301,098)    (77,281)   (328,675)   (369,585)
    (Off-budget)............................    (32,826)    (37,212)    (45,746)    (52,862)    (61,552)    (70,695)    (18,695)    (80,543)    (89,161)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 69]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1979        1980        1981        1982        1983        1984        1985        1986        1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities....      2,109       2,357       2,582       2,667       3,033       3,356       3,675       3,764       4,272
  752 Federal litigative and judicial             1,130       1,347       1,491       1,517       1,627       1,825       2,064       2,176       2,482
   activities...............................
  753 Federal correctional activities.......        337         342         361         364         418         494         537         614         711
  754 Criminal justice assistance...........        710         656         473         294         167         136         150         181         250
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice..........      4,286       4,702       4,908       4,842       5,246       5,811       6,426       6,735       7,715
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.................        921       1,038       1,041       1,181       1,196       1,319       1,355       1,383       1,444
  802 Executive direction and management....         81          97         100          96          96          97         113         109         111
  803 Central fiscal operations.............      2,163       2,603       2,601       2,577       3,039       3,240       3,482       3,626       3,897
  804 General property and records                  255         283          97         194         152         151          39         416          90
   management...............................
  805 Central personnel management..........        127         154         159         136         115         139         164         126         143
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.....      8,369       8,582       6,854       6,390       6,452       6,768       6,353       6,431       1,621
  808 Other general government..............        523         569         745         503         767         555         519         480         808
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts....       -198        -351        -222        -216        -636        -513        -506         -78        -623
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.................     12,241      12,975      11,373      10,861      11,181      11,756      11,519      12,493       7,492
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities       59,855      74,803      95,535     117,227     128,653     153,866     178,871     190,272     195,242
   (gross)..................................
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust       -7,727      -9,707     -11,523     -13,995     -15,257     -17,044     -21,838     -26,628     -29,614
   funds....................................
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust      -2,224      -2,339      -2,288      -2,071      -1,845      -3,310      -4,118      -4,329      -5,290
   funds....................................
  908 Other interest........................     -7,271     -10,224     -12,958     -16,129     -21,743     -22,410     -23,438     -23,298     -21,727
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest.......................     42,633      52,533      68,766      85,032      89,808     111,102     129,478     136,017     138,611
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................    (44,857)    (54,872)    (71,054)    (87,102)    (91,653)   (114,411)   (133,595)   (140,346)   (143,901)
    (Off-budget)............................    (-2,224)    (-2,339)    (-2,288)    (-2,071)    (-1,845)    (-3,310)    (-4,118)    (-4,329)    (-5,290)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement       -13,095     -14,638     -16,473     -18,203     -21,706     -23,219     -24,648     -25,434     -27,259
   (on-budget)..............................
  952 Employer share, employee retirement        -1,114      -1,204      -1,430      -1,646      -1,778      -2,044      -2,509      -2,857      -3,300
   (off-budget).............................
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer           -3,267      -4,101     -10,138      -6,250     -10,491      -6,694      -5,542      -4,716      -4,021
   Continental Shelf........................
  954 Sale of major assets..................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........     -1,875
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..    -17,476     -19,942     -28,041     -26,099     -33,976     -31,957     -32,698     -33,007     -36,455
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................   (-16,362)   (-18,738)   (-26,611)   (-24,453)   (-32,198)   (-29,913)   (-30,189)   (-30,150)   (-33,155)
    (Off-budget)............................    (-1,114)    (-1,204)    (-1,430)    (-1,646)    (-1,778)    (-2,044)    (-2,509)    (-2,857)    (-3,300)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    504,028     590,941     678,241     745,743     808,364     851,853     946,396     990,441   1,004,083
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................   (404,941)   (477,044)   (542,956)   (594,892)   (660,934)   (685,680)   (769,447)   (806,901)   (809,308)
    (Off-budget)............................    (99,087)   (113,898)   (135,285)   (150,851)   (147,430)   (166,174)   (176,949)   (183,540)   (194,775)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 70]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Function and Subfunction               1988        1989        1990        1991        1992        1993        1994        1995        1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities....      5,235       4,889       4,840       5,872       6,687       6,912       6,873       6,646       7,324
  752 Federal litigative and judicial             2,880       3,255       3,577       4,352       5,054       5,336       5,470       6,116       6,067
   activities...............................
  753 Federal correctional activities.......        930       1,044       1,291       1,600       2,114       2,124       2,315       2,749       3,013
  754 Criminal justice assistance...........        352         455         477         663         795         822         859         998       1,494
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice..........      9,397       9,644      10,185      12,487      14,650      15,193      15,516      16,509      17,898
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.................      1,599       1,776       1,759       1,870       2,084       2,121       2,032       1,996       1,967
  802 Executive direction and management....        123         129         160         190         188         197         232         217         204
  803 Central fiscal operations.............      4,785       5,734       5,826       6,133       6,633       7,019       7,391       7,907       7,449
  804 General property and records                 -231        -432         -32         587         617         924         498         815         682
   management...............................
  805 Central personnel management..........        113         139         184         141         214         190         210         134         103
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.....      1,816       2,061       2,161       2,100       1,865       1,935       1,937       2,220       2,059
  808 Other general government..............      1,892         806         790       1,270       1,767       1,300         970       1,596         992
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts....       -694        -893        -361        -718        -480        -739      -2,087      -1,077      -1,694
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.................      9,401       9,320      10,488      11,574      12,888      12,947      11,183      13,808      11,762
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities      214,047     240,845     264,691     285,421     292,294     292,479     296,253     332,379     343,918
   (gross)..................................
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust      -34,406     -40,467     -46,321     -50,426     -54,193     -55,537     -56,494     -59,871     -60,869
   funds....................................
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust      -7,416     -11,395     -15,991     -20,222     -23,637     -26,788     -29,203     -33,305     -36,507
   funds....................................
  908 Other interest........................    -20,422     -20,003     -18,032     -20,325     -15,120     -11,442      -7,623      -7,069      -5,489
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest.......................    151,803     168,981     184,347     194,448     199,344     198,713     202,932     232,134     241,053
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................   (159,219)   (180,376)   (200,338)   (214,670)   (222,981)   (225,501)   (232,135)   (265,439)   (277,560)
    (Off-budget)............................    (-7,416)   (-11,395)   (-15,991)   (-20,222)   (-23,637)   (-26,788)   (-29,203)   (-33,305)   (-36,507)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement       -29,037     -29,425     -28,044     -30,402     -30,680     -28,186     -28,361     -27,961     -27,259
   (on-budget)..............................
  952 Employer share, employee retirement        -4,382      -4,858      -5,567      -5,804      -6,101      -6,416      -6,409      -6,432      -6,278
   (off-budget).............................
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer           -3,548      -2,929      -3,004      -3,150      -2,498      -2,785      -3,001      -2,418      -3,741
   Continental Shelf........................
  959 Other undistributed offsetting          ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........     -7,644        -342
   receipts.................................
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..    -36,967     -37,212     -36,615     -39,356     -39,280     -37,386     -37,772     -44,455     -37,620
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................   (-32,585)   (-32,354)   (-31,048)   (-33,553)   (-33,179)   (-30,970)   (-31,362)   (-38,023)   (-31,342)
    (Off-budget)............................    (-4,382)    (-4,858)    (-5,567)    (-5,804)    (-6,101)    (-6,416)    (-6,409)    (-6,432)    (-6,278)
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................  1,064,481   1,143,829   1,253,130   1,324,331   1,381,649   1,409,522   1,461,907   1,515,884   1,560,608
                                             ===========================================================================================================
    (On-budget).............................   (860,077)   (932,918)  (1,028,065  (1,082,644  (1,129,310  (1,142,935  (1,182,535  (1,227,220  (1,259,704
                                                                               )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    (Off-budget)............................   (204,404)   (210,911)   (225,065)   (241,687)   (252,339)   (266,587)   (279,372)   (288,664)   (300,904)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 71]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities................      8,528      10,420      11,459      12,121      12,542      15,408      15,745      19,131
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities........      6,318       6,683       7,427       7,762       8,299       9,137       9,085       9,685
  753 Federal correctional activities...................      2,939       2,682       3,204       3,707       4,206       4,748       5,384       5,509
  754 Criminal justice assistance.......................      2,833       3,575       4,446       4,909       5,155       5,768       5,126      11,251
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice......................     20,618      23,360      26,536      28,499      30,202      35,061      35,340      45,576
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.............................      1,926       2,008       2,094       2,223       2,312       2,638       2,840       3,187
  802 Executive direction and management................        223         272         446         456         457         639         706         503
  803 Central fiscal operations.........................      7,384      10,066       9,435       8,287       9,146      10,216      11,455       9,302
  804 General property and records management...........        925         806         -66         -29         -71        -417         201         228
  805 Central personnel management......................        137         116         156         184         184          47         203         217
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.................      2,189       2,188       1,958       2,084       2,308       2,403       7,464       7,675
  808 Other general government..........................      1,270         955       2,228       2,206       1,779       2,254       2,044       2,303
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts................     -1,497        -855        -884      -2,383      -1,754        -812      -1,745      -1,068
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.............................     12,557      15,556      15,367      13,028      14,361      16,968      23,168      22,347
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)......    355,764     363,759     353,463     361,925     359,476     332,537     318,141     321,679
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds........    -63,776     -67,208     -66,520     -69,290     -75,302     -76,494     -72,523     -67,761
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds.......    -41,214     -46,630     -52,071     -59,796     -68,811     -76,820     -83,545     -86,228
  908 Other interest....................................     -6,790      -8,802      -5,116      -9,888      -9,194      -8,274      -6,540      -4,473
  909 Other investment income...........................  ..........         -1          -1          -2          -2   ..........     -2,460      -2,972
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...................................    243,984     241,118     229,755     222,949     206,167     170,949     153,073     160,245
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (285,198)   (287,748)   (281,826)   (282,745)   (274,978)   (247,769)   (236,618)   (246,473)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (-41,214)   (-46,630)   (-52,071)   (-59,796)   (-68,811)   (-76,820)   (-83,545)   (-86,228)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...    -27,773     -27,820     -28,209     -30,214     -30,883     -33,489     -39,751     -42,100
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..     -6,483      -7,052      -7,385      -7,637      -7,910      -8,878      -9,602     -11,331
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf     -4,711      -4,522      -3,098      -4,580      -7,194      -5,024      -5,029      -5,106
  954 Sale of major assets..............................  ..........     -5,158   ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
  959 Other undistributed offsetting receipts...........    -11,006      -2,642      -1,753        -150      -1,024          -1   ..........  ..........
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..............    -49,973     -47,194     -40,445     -42,581     -47,011     -47,392     -54,382     -58,537
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (-43,490)   (-40,142)   (-33,060)   (-34,944)   (-39,101)   (-38,514)   (-44,780)   (-47,206)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-6,483)    (-7,052)    (-7,385)    (-7,637)    (-7,910)    (-8,878)    (-9,602)   (-11,331)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...........................................  1,601,307   1,652,685   1,702,035   1,789,216   1,863,190   2,011,153   2,160,117   2,293,006
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................  (1,290,681  (1,336,081  (1,381,257  (1,458,451  (1,516,352  (1,655,491  (1,797,108  (1,913,495
                                                                   )           )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    (Off-budget)........................................   (310,626)   (316,604)   (320,778)   (330,765)   (346,838)   (355,662)   (363,009)   (379,511)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 72]]


                                          Table 3.2--OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                Function and Subfunction                     2005        2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities................     19,912      20,039      24,846      25,505      25,346      25,412      25,935      26,444
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities........      9,641      10,051      10,530      11,393      11,489      11,423      11,636      11,734
  753 Federal correctional activities...................      5,862       6,158       5,884       6,400       6,477       6,515       6,639       6,703
  754 Criminal justice assistance.......................      4,604       4,768       4,047       3,662       3,692       3,168       2,413       2,392
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice......................     40,019      41,016      45,307      46,960      47,004      46,518      46,623      47,273
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.............................      3,451       3,446       3,288       3,783       3,767       3,752       3,841       3,875
  802 Executive direction and management................        569         522         517         564         560         560         570         576
  803 Central fiscal operations.........................      9,516      10,165      10,187      11,265      11,500      11,697      12,007      12,217
  804 General property and records management...........        482         328         895       1,212         537         505         546         631
  805 Central personnel management......................        101         151         205         195         191         190         194         196
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.................      3,333       3,798       3,659       3,504       7,414       3,767       4,230       3,945
  808 Other general government..........................      2,399       1,164       1,393       1,599       1,415       1,429       1,489       1,681
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts................     -2,841      -1,359      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.............................     17,010      18,215      18,761      20,739      24,001      20,517      21,494      21,738
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)......    352,345     405,866     433,004     469,919     497,998     523,212     545,365     565,242
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds........    -69,153     -71,574     -75,067     -77,827     -80,732     -84,437     -87,609     -89,725
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds.......    -91,836     -97,722    -106,249    -114,618    -124,802    -136,492    -149,278    -162,126
  908 Other interest....................................     -3,945      -7,306     -10,123     -14,752     -16,818     -19,925     -23,311     -26,989
  909 Other investment income...........................     -3,425      -2,661      -2,412      -1,446      -1,490      -1,511      -1,486      -1,464
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...................................    183,986     226,603     239,153     261,276     274,156     280,847     283,681     284,938
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (275,822)   (324,325)   (345,402)   (375,894)   (398,958)   (417,339)   (432,959)   (447,064)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (-91,836)   (-97,722)  (-106,249)  (-114,618)  (-124,802)  (-136,492)  (-149,278)  (-162,126)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
920 Allowances:
  922 To reflect 2007 Admininstration policy request....  ..........  ..........      7,428       2,345       1,731       1,317         288          15
  925 Debt collection initiatives.......................  ..........  ..........  ..........       -284        -287        -296        -304        -312
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Allowances.....................................  ..........  ..........      7,428       2,061       1,444       1,021         -16        -297
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...    -47,977     -49,231     -48,845     -51,653     -55,023     -58,426     -62,149     -65,614
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..    -10,941     -11,625     -12,289     -13,108     -13,848     -14,739     -15,788     -16,560
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf     -6,146      -7,283      -6,810      -9,194      -9,978      -9,012      -9,617      -9,384
  954 Sale of major assets..............................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........       -323   ..........  ..........  ..........
  959 Other undistributed offsetting receipts...........       -160        -111     -13,880     -12,302      -9,567        -654      -1,656        -831
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..............    -65,224     -68,250     -81,824     -86,257     -88,739     -82,831     -89,210     -92,389
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (-54,283)   (-56,625)   (-69,535)   (-73,149)   (-74,891)   (-68,092)   (-73,422)   (-75,829)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (-10,941)   (-11,625)   (-12,289)   (-13,108)   (-13,848)   (-14,739)   (-15,788)   (-16,560)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...........................................  2,472,205   2,655,435   2,784,267   2,901,861   2,985,473   3,049,085   3,157,328   3,246,306
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................  (2,069,994  (2,233,366  (2,332,984  (2,439,334  (2,499,661  (2,540,528  (2,625,813  (2,659,134
                                                                   )           )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    (Off-budget)........................................   (402,211)   (422,069)   (451,283)   (462,527)   (485,812)   (508,557)   (531,515)   (587,172)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 73]]

 
     Table  4.1--OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012
                                                                                      
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1962         1963         1964         1965         1966         1967         1968         1969         1970
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................         196          192          199          212          234          252          269          289          353
The Judiciary..............................................................          57           62           66           75           80           88           94          110          133
Agriculture................................................................       6,437        7,414        7,569        6,940        5,633        5,952        7,430        8,446        8,412
Commerce...................................................................         215          354          702          736          485          477          582          607          778
Defense--Military..........................................................      50,111       51,147       52,585       48,780       56,629       70,069       80,355       80,771       80,123
Education..................................................................         816          985          973        1,152        2,416        3,596        4,072        3,990        4,594
Energy.....................................................................       2,755        2,700        2,726        2,579        2,343        2,253        2,474        2,393        2,393
Health and Human Services..................................................       3,529        4,110        4,610        4,700        5,715        9,639       13,074       15,411       17,397
Homeland Security..........................................................         566          642          747          774          705          782          973        1,055        1,089
Housing and Urban Development..............................................         826         -609           73          492        2,482        3,093        3,727          713        2,432
Interior...................................................................         606          730          755          745          866          863          973        1,073        1,087
Justice....................................................................         236          256          275          327          305          336          359          423          537
Labor......................................................................       3,914        3,523        3,454        3,121        3,239        3,562        4,180        4,161        4,976
State......................................................................         457          572          455          552          629          655          645          631          661
Transportation.............................................................       3,854        4,145        4,736        5,201        5,145        5,242        5,555        5,724        6,136
Treasury...................................................................       8,474        9,553       10,289       10,791       11,761       12,737       14,290       16,473       19,070
Veterans Affairs...........................................................       5,608        5,501        5,662        5,710        5,962        6,691        7,018        7,670        8,652
Corps of Engineers.........................................................         944        1,065        1,091        1,171        1,245        1,273        1,252        1,222        1,168
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................         956        1,077        1,287        1,465        1,681        1,937        2,206        2,557        2,974
Environmental Protection Agency............................................          70           87          117          134          158          190          249          303          384
Executive Office of the President..........................................          12           13           15           16           16           19           21           24           29
General Services Administration............................................         382          425          520          612          561          629          482          526          530
International Assistance Programs..........................................       3,171        3,169        3,226        3,248        3,260        3,375        2,814        2,803        2,655
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................       1,257        2,552        4,171        5,092        5,933        5,425        4,722        4,251        3,752
National Science Foundation................................................         183          206          310          309          368          415          449          490          464
Office of Personnel Management.............................................       1,017        1,175        1,304        1,454        1,726        1,934        2,154        2,284        2,652
Small Business Administration..............................................         230          142          133          243          210          151          284          110          253
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          94           94          414          458
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................      14,365       15,788       16,620       17,460       20,694       21,631       23,760       26,885       29,812
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................       2,283        1,615        1,178        1,815        2,494        3,683        4,290        2,918        4,263
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................      -6,707       -7,274       -7,321       -7,677       -8,443       -9,578      -10,712      -11,087      -12,567
  (On-budget)..............................................................     (-5,878)     (-6,450)     (-6,435)     (-6,746)     (-7,464)     (-8,371)     (-9,289)     (-9,407)    (-10,362)
  (Off-budget).............................................................       (-830)       (-824)       (-886)       (-931)       (-979)     (-1,207)     (-1,424)     (-1,681)     (-2,205)
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays........................................................     106,821      111,316      118,528      118,228      134,532      157,464      178,134      183,640      195,649
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 74]]


                                                                       Table 4.1--OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1971         1972         1973         1974         1975         1976          TQ          1977         1978
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................         395          499          553          638          739          788          226          990        1,064
The Judiciary..............................................................         145          173          188          207          284          325           85          393          437
Agriculture................................................................       8,673       11,021       10,167       10,302       15,518       17,682        5,009       23,287       30,179
Commerce...................................................................         783          850          934          992        1,077        1,484          396        2,010        4,720
Defense--Military..........................................................      77,497       77,645       75,033       77,864       84,852       87,917       21,807       95,147      102,259
Education..................................................................       5,099        5,537        5,709        5,747        7,331        7,897        2,035        8,717        9,828
Energy.....................................................................       2,200        2,299        2,304        2,233        3,230        3,841        1,048        5,049        6,412
Health and Human Services..................................................      20,391       25,309       25,578       28,062       33,751       40,261       10,530       46,493       51,752
Homeland Security..........................................................       1,011        1,340        1,833        1,661        2,099        2,455          648        2,755        3,217
Housing and Urban Development..............................................       2,796        3,600        3,580        4,781        7,512        7,026        1,361        5,808        7,650
Interior...................................................................       1,345        1,609        1,780        1,854        2,221        2,433          855        3,220        3,874
Justice....................................................................         801        1,053        1,460        1,728        1,985        2,140          548        2,220        2,248
Labor......................................................................       8,456       10,426        9,561        9,964       18,578       26,524        6,109       23,225       23,694
State......................................................................         680          747          807          955        1,075        1,393          407        1,449        1,658
Transportation.............................................................       7,039        7,244        7,834        7,724        9,144       11,709        2,902       11,978       12,791
Treasury...................................................................      20,452       21,539       30,201       35,369       41,843       43,407       10,272       48,061       54,010
Veterans Affairs...........................................................       9,758       10,713       11,970       13,339       16,577       18,416        3,959       18,020       18,965
Corps of Engineers.........................................................       1,337        1,490        1,676        1,664        2,031        2,112          581        2,271        2,564
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................       3,510        4,002        4,505        5,216        6,319        7,358        1,958        8,251        9,203
Environmental Protection Agency............................................         701          763        1,114        2,030        2,531        3,118        1,108        4,365        4,072
Executive Office of the President..........................................          38           47           50           67           93           80           16           74           75
General Services Administration............................................         546          655          795          929          341          -13           30           70          213
International Assistance Programs..........................................       2,888        2,980        2,317        3,029        3,665        3,742        1,329        3,616        5,123
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................       3,382        3,423        3,312        3,255        3,269        3,671          953        4,002        4,164
National Science Foundation................................................         522          567          585          647          662          733          207          753          803
Office of Personnel Management.............................................       3,167        3,776        4,607        5,708        7,062        8,323        2,354        9,633       10,962
Small Business Administration..............................................         333          452        1,317          753          666          624           94          758        2,820
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................         465          538          567        2,750        5,279        5,576        1,290        6,014        6,595
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................      35,408       39,620       48,565       55,373       64,159       73,384       19,763       84,344       93,120
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................       5,223        5,082        5,497        7,076        8,595        8,490        3,297        9,433        9,022
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)....................................  ...........         355          157          773        1,112        1,085         -726         -173         -496
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................     -14,869      -14,672      -18,846      -23,333      -21,267      -22,186       -4,477      -23,018      -24,250
  (On-budget)..............................................................    (-12,288)    (-11,909)    (-15,870)    (-20,048)    (-17,547)    (-18,411)     (-4,135)    (-19,390)    (-20,788)
  (Off-budget).............................................................     (-2,582)     (-2,763)     (-2,975)     (-3,284)     (-3,719)     (-3,775)       (-342)     (-3,627)     (-3,463)
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays........................................................     210,172      230,681      245,707      269,359      332,332      371,792       95,975      409,218      458,746
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 75]]


                                                                       Table 4.1--OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1979         1980         1981         1982         1983         1984         1985         1986         1987
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................       1,099        1,224        1,214        1,367        1,437        1,579        1,610        1,665        1,812
The Judiciary..............................................................         481          567          641          710          787          866          966        1,071        1,180
Agriculture................................................................      31,698       34,721       41,541       45,623       52,317       41,928       55,435       58,599       49,507
Commerce...................................................................       3,538        3,129        2,296        2,054        1,925        1,895        2,140        2,083        2,127
Defense--Military..........................................................     113,605      130,912      153,861      180,693      204,356      220,865      245,114      265,443      273,922
Education..................................................................      12,167       14,612       16,973       14,707       14,433       15,424       16,596       17,577       16,670
Energy.....................................................................       7,441        7,260       11,756       11,656       10,590       10,990       10,586       11,025       10,692
Health and Human Services..................................................      57,820       68,255       80,821       88,408       95,008      102,375      114,271      122,943      131,414
Homeland Security..........................................................       3,415        4,296        3,943        3,847        4,689        5,060        5,007        5,383        5,383
Housing and Urban Development..............................................       9,220       12,735       14,880       15,232       15,814       16,663       28,720       14,139       15,484
Interior...................................................................       4,168        4,472        4,456        3,944        4,552        4,943        4,820        4,785        5,046
Justice....................................................................       2,353        2,438        2,438        2,325        2,493        2,816        3,182        3,336        3,807
Labor......................................................................      23,448       30,542       30,911       31,479       38,683       25,348       24,738       24,934       24,208
State......................................................................       1,987        2,382        2,347        2,684        2,793        2,988        3,310        3,595        3,574
Transportation.............................................................      14,642       18,166       20,922       17,931       18,239       20,507       22,510       24,889       22,851
Treasury...................................................................      63,830       75,451       91,691      109,418      115,366      139,919      163,692      178,078      178,688
Veterans Affairs...........................................................      19,891       21,137       22,907       23,941       24,827       25,593       26,333       26,536       26,952
Corps of Engineers.........................................................       2,898        3,218        3,139        2,962        2,918        3,036        2,998        2,806        2,757
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................      10,315       11,961       13,788       14,997       16,004       16,536       15,809       17,483       17,963
Environmental Protection Agency............................................       4,800        5,603        5,242        5,081        4,312        4,076        4,490        4,867        4,904
Executive Office of the President..........................................          81           96           96           95           94           96          111          108          110
General Services Administration............................................         211          573          795          550          528          463          364          713          464
International Assistance Programs..........................................       3,757        7,747        8,127        7,922        7,878       10,835       11,858       11,041       10,406
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................       4,380        4,959        5,537        6,155        6,853        7,055        7,251        7,403        7,591
National Science Foundation................................................         870          912          976        1,099        1,055        1,198        1,313        1,550        1,562
Office of Personnel Management.............................................      12,663       15,056       18,096       19,983       21,278       22,590       23,727       23,955       26,966
Small Business Administration..............................................       1,699        2,026        2,032          773          661          510          680          557          -65
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................       6,228        7,087        7,862        8,520       29,854       17,651       16,793       19,316       16,524
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................     103,316      117,872      138,914      155,120      150,731      171,167      183,434      190,684      202,422
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................      10,324       13,953       11,802        9,184        8,644        8,848        7,052        8,872       10,477
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)....................................        -891         -431           89         -553          322          360          142           42          943
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................     -27,428      -31,988      -41,852      -42,165      -51,078      -52,329      -58,656      -65,036      -72,262
  (On-budget)..............................................................    (-24,089)    (-28,445)    (-38,134)    (-38,448)    (-47,455)    (-46,975)    (-52,029)    (-57,850)    (-63,672)
  (Off-budget).............................................................     (-3,338)     (-3,543)     (-3,718)     (-3,717)     (-3,623)     (-5,354)     (-6,627)     (-7,186)     (-8,590)
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays........................................................     504,028      590,941      678,241      745,743      808,364      851,853      946,396      990,441    1,004,083
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 76]]


                                                                       Table 4.1--OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1988         1989         1990         1991         1992         1993         1994         1995         1996
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................       1,852        2,220        2,238        2,250        2,637        2,403        2,542        2,626        2,275
The Judiciary..............................................................       1,342        1,499        1,646        1,997        2,308        2,628        2,677        2,903        3,059
Agriculture................................................................      43,931       48,258       45,860       53,992       56,320       63,027       60,622       56,559       54,229
Commerce...................................................................       2,279        2,571        3,734        2,585        2,567        2,798        2,915        3,401        3,702
Defense--Military..........................................................     281,890      294,834      289,704      261,866      286,578      278,512      268,579      259,490      253,201
Education..................................................................      18,145       21,468       22,972       25,196       25,832       30,109       24,557       31,205       29,727
Energy.....................................................................      11,165       11,386       12,083       12,472       15,515       16,933       17,830       17,608       16,195
Health and Human Services..................................................     140,039      152,699      175,531      198,110      231,560      253,835      278,901      303,079      319,801
Homeland Security..........................................................       6,180        5,671        7,233        6,662        7,591        9,659       10,721        9,387        9,694
Housing and Urban Development..............................................      18,938       19,680       20,167       22,751       24,470       25,181       25,845       29,044       25,236
Interior...................................................................       5,143        5,207        5,825        6,090        6,541        6,881        7,071        7,486        6,785
Justice....................................................................       4,656        5,275        5,886        7,670        9,208        9,485        9,369       10,149       11,049
Labor......................................................................      22,662       23,442       26,087       34,790       47,889       45,452       37,819       32,808       33,163
State......................................................................       4,221        4,577        4,802        5,153        5,943        6,412        6,798        6,267        5,739
Transportation.............................................................      23,698       23,828       25,642       27,237       29,098       30,958       33,563       35,132       35,144
Treasury...................................................................     200,408      229,337      253,941      274,612      291,010      296,827      305,573      346,883      362,868
Veterans Affairs...........................................................      29,271       30,041       28,998       31,214       33,897       35,487       37,401       37,771       36,920
Corps of Engineers.........................................................       3,028        3,256        3,324        3,341        3,565        3,354        3,483        3,745        3,627
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................      19,040       20,231       21,692       23,245       24,747       25,961       26,971       27,977       28,952
Environmental Protection Agency............................................       4,871        4,906        5,108        5,769        5,950        5,930        5,855        6,351        6,046
Executive Office of the President..........................................         122          124          158          193          186          194          231          215          202
General Services Administration............................................         -94         -444         -170          445          457          721          332          679          560
International Assistance Programs..........................................       7,252        4,291       10,086       11,723       11,108       11,526       10,498       11,129        9,665
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................       9,092       11,036       12,429       13,878       13,961       14,305       13,695       13,378       13,881
National Science Foundation................................................       1,665        1,752        1,838        2,081        2,249        2,452        2,642        2,845        3,012
Office of Personnel Management.............................................      29,191       29,073       31,949       34,808       35,596       36,794       38,596       41,276       42,870
Small Business Administration..............................................         -54           85          692          613          546          785          779          677          873
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................      18,113       18,709       17,276       19,008       24,943       28,143       31,164       31,037       30,694
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................     214,489      227,473      244,998      266,395      281,418      298,349      313,881      330,370      343,869
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................      19,022       30,729       68,707       76,872       14,408      -17,311        3,361       -5,992        2,747
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)....................................       1,712         -310        1,626        1,317          659        1,441        1,103       -1,969         -180
Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................................     -78,789      -89,074      -98,930     -110,005     -117,111     -119,711     -123,469     -137,632     -134,997
  (On-budget)..............................................................    (-66,992)    (-72,822)    (-77,371)    (-83,979)    (-87,372)    (-86,507)    (-87,857)    (-97,895)    (-92,212)
  (Off-budget).............................................................    (-11,798)    (-16,252)    (-21,558)    (-26,026)    (-29,739)    (-33,203)    (-35,612)    (-39,737)    (-42,785)
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays........................................................   1,064,481    1,143,829    1,253,130    1,324,331    1,381,649    1,409,522    1,461,907    1,515,884    1,560,608
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 77]]

 
    Table 4.1--OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002         2003         2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................       2,364        2,593        2,612        2,892        3,036        3,204        3,411        3,905
The Judiciary...................................       3,259        3,459        3,789        4,057        4,381        4,828        5,127        5,389
Agriculture.....................................      52,405       53,811       62,699       75,080       68,083       68,631       72,752       71,573
Commerce........................................       3,783        4,037        5,021        7,789        5,004        5,313        5,666        5,830
Defense--Military...............................     258,265      255,806      261,212      281,059      290,212      331,871      388,720      437,048
Education.......................................      30,009       31,294       31,285       33,477       35,523       46,373       57,145       62,780
Energy..........................................      14,458       14,414       15,879       14,971       16,319       17,669       19,379       19,893
Health and Human Services.......................     339,525      350,358      359,455      382,340      425,922      465,373      504,957      542,994
Homeland Security...............................      10,541       10,622       13,328       13,166       15,040       17,583       31,977       26,589
Housing and Urban Development...................      27,527       30,181       32,693       30,781       33,865       31,788       37,410       44,984
Interior........................................       6,770        7,229        7,793        8,011        7,763        9,746        9,209        8,613
Justice.........................................      13,076       14,045       16,181       16,846       18,443       21,178       20,790       29,601
Labor...........................................      31,088       30,580       32,995       31,873       39,707       64,686       69,563       56,687
State...........................................       6,033        5,400        6,557        6,688        7,489        9,360        9,345       10,917
Transportation..................................      36,072       35,554       37,672       41,555       49,231       56,252       50,764       54,879
Treasury........................................     377,499      389,011      385,047      390,536      388,268      371,194      368,258      375,849
Veterans Affairs................................      39,280       41,752       43,155       47,075       45,044       50,902       56,950       59,583
Corps of Engineers..............................       3,598        3,775        3,934        4,229        4,640        4,727        4,682        4,728
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................      30,282       31,216       32,014       32,864       34,164       35,157       39,883       41,730
Environmental Protection Agency.................       6,164        6,269        6,733        7,223        7,367        7,451        8,041        8,328
Executive Office of the President...............         221          237          417          283          246          451          386        3,349
General Services Administration.................         882          826         -413           74         -309         -684          589         -451
International Assistance Programs...............      10,126        8,937       10,071       12,089       11,810       13,292       13,457       13,657
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...      14,360       14,194       13,636       13,428       14,095       14,405       14,610       15,152
National Science Foundation.....................       3,130        3,188        3,283        3,487        3,690        4,188        4,732        5,116
Office of Personnel Management..................      45,404       46,297       47,519       48,655       50,894       52,540       54,135       56,547
Small Business Administration...................         333          -77           57         -421         -570          493        1,558        4,075
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......      34,309       37,542       40,021       45,121       40,007       45,816       46,333       49,008
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....     358,372      370,069      379,213      396,169      421,257      442,011      461,401      481,200
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........      -2,810       10,884        6,193        8,809       11,392       16,713       14,582       10,109
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........         -49          217        1,021        2,029        2,302         -651       -5,245       -4,130
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............    -154,969     -161,035     -159,037     -173,019     -191,125     -200,707     -210,450     -212,526
  (On-budget)...................................   (-107,272)   (-107,353)    (-99,581)   (-105,586)   (-114,404)   (-115,009)   (-117,303)   (-114,967)
  (Off-budget)..................................    (-47,697)    (-53,682)    (-59,456)    (-67,433)    (-76,721)    (-85,698)    (-93,147)    (-97,559)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays.............................   1,601,307    1,652,685    1,702,035    1,789,216    1,863,190    2,011,153    2,160,117    2,293,006
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 78]]


                                                   Table 4.1--OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                2007         2008         2009         2010         2011         2012
            Department or other unit                  2005         2006       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................       4,007        4,128        4,306        4,704        4,645        4,637        4,743        4,789
The Judiciary...................................       5,547        5,823        5,845        6,661        6,580        6,598        6,751        6,831
Agriculture.....................................      85,333       93,534       88,767       89,026       90,085       91,897       94,541       96,890
Commerce........................................       6,149        6,373        6,179        7,078        8,313       11,499        8,081        6,670
Defense--Military...............................     474,372      499,357      548,915      583,283      578,963      543,038      534,441      527,356
Education.......................................      72,858       93,429       68,040       58,603       63,353       64,150       64,422       64,870
Energy..........................................      21,271       19,649       21,988       21,867       22,670       22,946       22,952       23,481
Health and Human Services.......................     581,456      614,315      671,254      699,240      736,102      775,781      835,715      862,846
Homeland Security...............................      38,713       69,098       50,418       43,200       40,840       35,973       35,715       36,300
Housing and Urban Development...................      42,453       42,435       42,834       44,402       42,343       39,381       38,457       34,507
Interior........................................       9,296        9,064       10,877       10,528       13,445       10,077       10,563       10,033
Justice.........................................      22,361       23,324       23,039       24,045       24,374       23,926       23,588       23,820
Labor...........................................      46,949       43,138       47,440       52,296       48,038       49,842       51,930       53,526
State...........................................      12,749       12,962       16,322       16,803       16,954       16,579       16,616       17,068
Transportation..................................      56,596       60,139       63,775       67,032       59,850       60,869       61,143       62,008
Treasury........................................     410,243      464,712      490,507      524,990      555,743      584,145      606,081      623,294
Veterans Affairs................................      69,844       69,807       72,325       83,288       85,875       88,728       96,587       91,902
Corps of Engineers..............................       4,719        6,944        7,557        6,480        4,971        4,930        4,876        4,941
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................      43,483       44,436       47,636       49,098       50,394       51,365       52,488       52,741
Environmental Protection Agency.................       7,913        8,321        8,038        7,778        7,739        7,568        7,462        7,452
Executive Office of the President...............       7,686        5,379        2,677        1,389          706          436          354          346
General Services Administration.................          20           24          498          828          153          124          159          241
International Assistance Programs...............      15,039       13,944       17,061       17,959       18,560       18,198       18,290       18,519
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...      15,602       15,125       16,143       17,250       18,207       17,966       17,574       18,503
National Science Foundation.....................       5,434        5,542        5,860        6,026        6,466        6,887        7,418        7,885
Office of Personnel Management..................      59,500       62,400       58,802       64,162       66,763       69,100       71,104       73,769
Small Business Administration...................       2,502          905          675          725          442          441          454          462
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......      54,556       53,252       55,740       61,927       65,762       69,613       78,762       75,814
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....     506,779      532,491      567,179      592,540      622,578      658,275      694,485      764,820
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........      16,779       14,008       16,066       17,373       15,391       15,284       15,568       18,111
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........      -1,791       -1,075        2,642       -2,287        1,884        1,513        2,096        1,038
Allowances......................................  ...........  ...........       8,002        2,269        1,557        1,079            9         -287
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............    -226,213     -237,548     -263,140     -278,702     -294,273     -303,760     -326,097     -344,240
  (On-budget)...................................   (-123,436)   (-128,201)   (-144,602)   (-150,976)   (-155,623)   (-152,529)   (-161,031)   (-165,554)
  (Off-budget)..................................   (-102,777)   (-109,347)   (-118,538)   (-127,726)   (-138,650)   (-151,231)   (-165,066)   (-178,686)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays.............................   2,472,205    2,655,435    2,784,267    2,901,861    2,985,473    3,049,085    3,157,328    3,246,306
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 79]]

 
  Table 4.2--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Department or other unit                   1962       1963       1964       1965       1966       1967       1968       1969       1970
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
The Judiciary........................................       0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1
Agriculture..........................................       6.0        6.7        6.4        5.9        4.2        3.8        4.2        4.6        4.3
Commerce.............................................       0.2        0.3        0.6        0.6        0.4        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.4
Defense--Military....................................      46.9       45.9       44.4       41.3       42.1       44.5       45.1       44.0       41.0
Education............................................       0.8        0.9        0.8        1.0        1.8        2.3        2.3        2.2        2.3
Energy...............................................       2.6        2.4        2.3        2.2        1.7        1.4        1.4        1.3        1.2
Health and Human Services............................       3.3        3.7        3.9        4.0        4.2        6.1        7.3        8.4        8.9
Homeland Security....................................       0.5        0.6        0.6        0.7        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.6        0.6
Housing and Urban Development........................       0.8       -0.5        0.1        0.4        1.8        2.0        2.1        0.4        1.2
Interior.............................................       0.6        0.7        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.5        0.5        0.6        0.6
Justice..............................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.3
Labor................................................       3.7        3.2        2.9        2.6        2.4        2.3        2.3        2.3        2.5
State................................................       0.4        0.5        0.4        0.5        0.5        0.4        0.4        0.3        0.3
Transportation.......................................       3.6        3.7        4.0        4.4        3.8        3.3        3.1        3.1        3.1
Treasury.............................................       7.9        8.6        8.7        9.1        8.7        8.1        8.0        9.0        9.7
Veterans Affairs.....................................       5.2        4.9        4.8        4.8        4.4        4.2        3.9        4.2        4.4
Corps of Engineers...................................       0.9        1.0        0.9        1.0        0.9        0.8        0.7        0.7        0.6
Other Defense--Civil Programs........................       0.9        1.0        1.1        1.2        1.2        1.2        1.2        1.4        1.5
Environmental Protection Agency......................       0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.2        0.2
Executive Office of the President....................         *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
General Services Administration......................       0.4        0.4        0.4        0.5        0.4        0.4        0.3        0.3        0.3
International Assistance Programs....................       3.0        2.8        2.7        2.7        2.4        2.1        1.6        1.5        1.4
National Aeronautics and Space Administration........       1.2        2.3        3.5        4.3        4.4        3.4        2.7        2.3        1.9
National Science Foundation..........................       0.2        0.2        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.2
Office of Personnel Management.......................       1.0        1.1        1.1        1.2        1.3        1.2        1.2        1.2        1.4
Small Business Administration........................       0.2        0.1        0.1        0.2        0.2        0.1        0.2        0.1        0.1
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........       0.1        0.1        0.2        0.2
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..........      13.4       14.2       14.0       14.8       15.4       13.7       13.3       14.6       15.2
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)...............       2.1        1.5        1.0        1.5        1.9        2.3        2.4        1.6        2.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts....................      -6.3       -6.5       -6.2       -6.5       -6.3       -6.1       -6.0       -6.0       -6.4
  (On-budget)........................................     (-5.5)     (-5.8)     (-5.4)     (-5.7)     (-5.5)     (-5.3)     (-5.2)     (-5.1)     (-5.3)
  (Off-budget).......................................     (-0.8)     (-0.7)     (-0.7)     (-0.8)     (-0.7)     (-0.8)     (-0.8)     (-0.9)     (-1.1)
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays..................................     100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 80]]


                                      Table 4.2--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Department or other unit                   1971       1972       1973       1974       1975       1976        TQ        1977       1978
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
The Judiciary........................................       0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1
Agriculture..........................................       4.1        4.8        4.1        3.8        4.7        4.8        5.2        5.7        6.6
Commerce.............................................       0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.3        0.4        0.4        0.5        1.0
Defense--Military....................................      36.9       33.7       30.5       28.9       25.5       23.6       22.7       23.3       22.3
Education............................................       2.4        2.4        2.3        2.1        2.2        2.1        2.1        2.1        2.1
Energy...............................................       1.0        1.0        0.9        0.8        1.0        1.0        1.1        1.2        1.4
Health and Human Services............................       9.7       11.0       10.4       10.4       10.2       10.8       11.0       11.4       11.3
Homeland Security....................................       0.5        0.6        0.7        0.6        0.6        0.7        0.7        0.7        0.7
Housing and Urban Development........................       1.3        1.6        1.5        1.8        2.3        1.9        1.4        1.4        1.7
Interior.............................................       0.6        0.7        0.7        0.7        0.7        0.7        0.9        0.8        0.8
Justice..............................................       0.4        0.5        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.5        0.5
Labor................................................       4.0        4.5        3.9        3.7        5.6        7.1        6.4        5.7        5.2
State................................................       0.3        0.3        0.3        0.4        0.3        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4
Transportation.......................................       3.3        3.1        3.2        2.9        2.8        3.1        3.0        2.9        2.8
Treasury.............................................       9.7        9.3       12.3       13.1       12.6       11.7       10.7       11.7       11.8
Veterans Affairs.....................................       4.6        4.6        4.9        5.0        5.0        5.0        4.1        4.4        4.1
Corps of Engineers...................................       0.6        0.6        0.7        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6
Other Defense--Civil Programs........................       1.7        1.7        1.8        1.9        1.9        2.0        2.0        2.0        2.0
Environmental Protection Agency......................       0.3        0.3        0.5        0.8        0.8        0.8        1.2        1.1        0.9
Executive Office of the President....................         *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
General Services Administration......................       0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.1         -*          *          *          *
International Assistance Programs....................       1.4        1.3        0.9        1.1        1.1        1.0        1.4        0.9        1.1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration........       1.6        1.5        1.3        1.2        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        0.9
National Science Foundation..........................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Office of Personnel Management.......................       1.5        1.6        1.9        2.1        2.1        2.2        2.5        2.4        2.4
Small Business Administration........................       0.2        0.2        0.5        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.1        0.2        0.6
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...........       0.2        0.2        0.2        1.0        1.6        1.5        1.3        1.5        1.4
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..........      16.8       17.2       19.8       20.6       19.3       19.7       20.6       20.6       20.3
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)...............       2.5        2.2        2.2        2.6        2.6        2.3        3.4        2.3        2.0
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)..............  .........       0.2        0.1        0.3        0.3        0.3       -0.8         -*       -0.1
Undistributed offsetting receipts....................      -7.1       -6.4       -7.7       -8.7       -6.4       -6.0       -4.7       -5.6       -5.3
  (On-budget)........................................     (-5.8)     (-5.2)     (-6.5)     (-7.4)     (-5.3)     (-5.0)     (-4.3)     (-4.7)     (-4.5)
  (Off-budget).......................................     (-1.2)     (-1.2)     (-1.2)     (-1.2)     (-1.1)     (-1.0)     (-0.4)     (-0.9)     (-0.8)
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays..................................     100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 81]]


                                      Table 4.2--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Department or other unit                   1979       1980       1981       1982       1983       1984       1985       1986       1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
The Judiciary........................................       0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1
Agriculture..........................................       6.3        5.9        6.1        6.1        6.5        4.9        5.9        5.9        4.9
Commerce.............................................       0.7        0.5        0.3        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Defense--Military....................................      22.5       22.2       22.7       24.2       25.3       25.9       25.9       26.8       27.3
Education............................................       2.4        2.5        2.5        2.0        1.8        1.8        1.8        1.8        1.7
Energy...............................................       1.5        1.2        1.7        1.6        1.3        1.3        1.1        1.1        1.1
Health and Human Services............................      11.5       11.6       11.9       11.9       11.8       12.0       12.1       12.4       13.1
Homeland Security....................................       0.7        0.7        0.6        0.5        0.6        0.6        0.5        0.5        0.5
Housing and Urban Development........................       1.8        2.2        2.2        2.0        2.0        2.0        3.0        1.4        1.5
Interior.............................................       0.8        0.8        0.7        0.5        0.6        0.6        0.5        0.5        0.5
Justice..............................................       0.5        0.4        0.4        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.4
Labor................................................       4.7        5.2        4.6        4.2        4.8        3.0        2.6        2.5        2.4
State................................................       0.4        0.4        0.3        0.4        0.3        0.4        0.3        0.4        0.4
Transportation.......................................       2.9        3.1        3.1        2.4        2.3        2.4        2.4        2.5        2.3
Treasury.............................................      12.7       12.8       13.5       14.7       14.3       16.4       17.3       18.0       17.8
Veterans Affairs.....................................       3.9        3.6        3.4        3.2        3.1        3.0        2.8        2.7        2.7
Corps of Engineers...................................       0.6        0.5        0.5        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.3        0.3        0.3
Other Defense--Civil Programs........................       2.0        2.0        2.0        2.0        2.0        1.9        1.7        1.8        1.8
Environmental Protection Agency......................       1.0        0.9        0.8        0.7        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5
Executive Office of the President....................         *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
General Services Administration......................         *        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1          *        0.1          *
International Assistance Programs....................       0.7        1.3        1.2        1.1        1.0        1.3        1.3        1.1        1.0
National Aeronautics and Space Administration........       0.9        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.7        0.8
National Science Foundation..........................       0.2        0.2        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.2        0.2
Office of Personnel Management.......................       2.5        2.5        2.7        2.7        2.6        2.7        2.5        2.4        2.7
Small Business Administration........................       0.3        0.3        0.3        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1         -*
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...........       1.2        1.2        1.2        1.1        3.7        2.1        1.8        2.0        1.6
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..........      20.5       19.9       20.5       20.8       18.6       20.1       19.4       19.3       20.2
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)...............       2.0        2.4        1.7        1.2        1.1        1.0        0.7        0.9        1.0
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)..............      -0.2       -0.1          *       -0.1          *          *          *          *        0.1
Undistributed offsetting receipts....................      -5.4       -5.4       -6.2       -5.7       -6.3       -6.1       -6.2       -6.6       -7.2
  (On-budget)........................................     (-4.8)     (-4.8)     (-5.6)     (-5.2)     (-5.9)     (-5.5)     (-5.5)     (-5.8)     (-6.3)
  (Off-budget).......................................     (-0.7)     (-0.6)     (-0.5)     (-0.5)     (-0.4)     (-0.6)     (-0.7)     (-0.7)     (-0.9)
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays..................................     100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 82]]


                                      Table 4.2--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Department or other unit                   1988       1989       1990       1991       1992       1993       1994       1995       1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.1
The Judiciary........................................       0.1        0.1        0.1        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Agriculture..........................................       4.1        4.2        3.7        4.1        4.1        4.5        4.1        3.7        3.5
Commerce.............................................       0.2        0.2        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Defense--Military....................................      26.5       25.8       23.1       19.8       20.7       19.8       18.4       17.1       16.2
Education............................................       1.7        1.9        1.8        1.9        1.9        2.1        1.7        2.1        1.9
Energy...............................................       1.0        1.0        1.0        0.9        1.1        1.2        1.2        1.2        1.0
Health and Human Services............................      13.2       13.3       14.0       15.0       16.8       18.0       19.1       20.0       20.5
Homeland Security....................................       0.6        0.5        0.6        0.5        0.5        0.7        0.7        0.6        0.6
Housing and Urban Development........................       1.8        1.7        1.6        1.7        1.8        1.8        1.8        1.9        1.6
Interior.............................................       0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.4
Justice..............................................       0.4        0.5        0.5        0.6        0.7        0.7        0.6        0.7        0.7
Labor................................................       2.1        2.0        2.1        2.6        3.5        3.2        2.6        2.2        2.1
State................................................       0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.5        0.5        0.4        0.4
Transportation.......................................       2.2        2.1        2.0        2.1        2.1        2.2        2.3        2.3        2.3
Treasury.............................................      18.8       20.0       20.3       20.7       21.1       21.1       20.9       22.9       23.3
Veterans Affairs.....................................       2.7        2.6        2.3        2.4        2.5        2.5        2.6        2.5        2.4
Corps of Engineers...................................       0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Other Defense--Civil Programs........................       1.8        1.8        1.7        1.8        1.8        1.8        1.8        1.8        1.9
Environmental Protection Agency......................       0.5        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4
Executive Office of the President....................         *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
General Services Administration......................        -*         -*         -*          *          *        0.1          *          *          *
International Assistance Programs....................       0.7        0.4        0.8        0.9        0.8        0.8        0.7        0.7        0.6
National Aeronautics and Space Administration........       0.9        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        0.9        0.9        0.9
National Science Foundation..........................       0.2        0.2        0.1        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Office of Personnel Management.......................       2.7        2.5        2.5        2.6        2.6        2.6        2.6        2.7        2.7
Small Business Administration........................        -*          *        0.1          *          *        0.1        0.1          *        0.1
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...........       1.7        1.6        1.4        1.4        1.8        2.0        2.1        2.0        2.0
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..........      20.1       19.9       19.6       20.1       20.4       21.2       21.5       21.8       22.0
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)...............       1.8        2.7        5.5        5.8        1.0       -1.2        0.2       -0.4        0.2
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)..............       0.2         -*        0.1        0.1          *        0.1        0.1       -0.1         -*
Undistributed offsetting receipts....................      -7.4       -7.8       -7.9       -8.3       -8.5       -8.5       -8.4       -9.1       -8.7
  (On-budget)........................................     (-6.3)     (-6.4)     (-6.2)     (-6.3)     (-6.3)     (-6.1)     (-6.0)     (-6.5)     (-5.9)
  (Off-budget).......................................     (-1.1)     (-1.4)     (-1.7)     (-2.0)     (-2.2)     (-2.4)     (-2.4)     (-2.6)     (-2.7)
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays..................................     100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 83]]


                                      Table 4.2--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Department or other unit                         1997       1998       1999       2000       2001       2002       2003       2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................................       0.1        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
The Judiciary...................................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Agriculture.....................................................       3.3        3.3        3.7        4.2        3.7        3.4        3.4        3.1
Commerce........................................................       0.2        0.2        0.3        0.4        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3
Defense--Military...............................................      16.1       15.5       15.3       15.7       15.6       16.5       18.0       19.1
Education.......................................................       1.9        1.9        1.8        1.9        1.9        2.3        2.6        2.7
Energy..........................................................       0.9        0.9        0.9        0.8        0.9        0.9        0.9        0.9
Health and Human Services.......................................      21.2       21.2       21.1       21.4       22.9       23.1       23.4       23.7
Homeland Security...............................................       0.7        0.6        0.8        0.7        0.8        0.9        1.5        1.2
Housing and Urban Development...................................       1.7        1.8        1.9        1.7        1.8        1.6        1.7        2.0
Interior........................................................       0.4        0.4        0.5        0.4        0.4        0.5        0.4        0.4
Justice.........................................................       0.8        0.8        1.0        0.9        1.0        1.1        1.0        1.3
Labor...........................................................       1.9        1.9        1.9        1.8        2.1        3.2        3.2        2.5
State...........................................................       0.4        0.3        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.5        0.4        0.5
Transportation..................................................       2.3        2.2        2.2        2.3        2.6        2.8        2.4        2.4
Treasury........................................................      23.6       23.5       22.6       21.8       20.8       18.5       17.0       16.4
Veterans Affairs................................................       2.5        2.5        2.5        2.6        2.4        2.5        2.6        2.6
Corps of Engineers..............................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................................       1.9        1.9        1.9        1.8        1.8        1.7        1.8        1.8
Environmental Protection Agency.................................       0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4        0.4
Executive Office of the President...............................         *          *          *          *          *          *          *        0.1
General Services Administration.................................       0.1          *         -*          *         -*         -*          *         -*
International Assistance Programs...............................       0.6        0.5        0.6        0.7        0.6        0.7        0.6        0.6
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...................       0.9        0.9        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.7        0.7        0.7
National Science Foundation.....................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Office of Personnel Management..................................       2.8        2.8        2.8        2.7        2.7        2.6        2.5        2.5
Small Business Administration...................................         *         -*          *         -*         -*          *        0.1        0.2
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......................       2.1        2.3        2.4        2.5        2.1        2.3        2.1        2.1
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....................      22.4       22.4       22.3       22.1       22.6       22.0       21.4       21.0
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........................      -0.2        0.7        0.4        0.5        0.6        0.8        0.7        0.4
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........................        -*          *        0.1        0.1        0.1         -*       -0.2       -0.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............................      -9.7       -9.7       -9.3       -9.7      -10.3      -10.0       -9.7       -9.3
  (On-budget)...................................................     (-6.7)     (-6.5)     (-5.9)     (-5.9)     (-6.1)     (-5.7)     (-5.4)     (-5.0)
  (Off-budget)..................................................     (-3.0)     (-3.2)     (-3.5)     (-3.8)     (-4.1)     (-4.3)     (-4.3)     (-4.3)
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays.............................................     100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 84]]


                                      Table 4.2--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1962-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2007       2008       2009       2010       2011       2012
                    Department or other unit                         2005       2006     estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.1
The Judiciary...................................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Agriculture.....................................................       3.5        3.5        3.2        3.1        3.0        3.0        3.0        3.0
Commerce........................................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.3        0.4        0.3        0.2
Defense--Military...............................................      19.2       18.8       19.7       20.1       19.4       17.8       16.9       16.2
Education.......................................................       2.9        3.5        2.4        2.0        2.1        2.1        2.0        2.0
Energy..........................................................       0.9        0.7        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.7        0.7
Health and Human Services.......................................      23.5       23.1       24.1       24.1       24.7       25.4       26.5       26.6
Homeland Security...............................................       1.6        2.6        1.8        1.5        1.4        1.2        1.1        1.1
Housing and Urban Development...................................       1.7        1.6        1.5        1.5        1.4        1.3        1.2        1.1
Interior........................................................       0.4        0.3        0.4        0.4        0.5        0.3        0.3        0.3
Justice.........................................................       0.9        0.9        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.8        0.7        0.7
Labor...........................................................       1.9        1.6        1.7        1.8        1.6        1.6        1.6        1.6
State...........................................................       0.5        0.5        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.5        0.5        0.5
Transportation..................................................       2.3        2.3        2.3        2.3        2.0        2.0        1.9        1.9
Treasury........................................................      16.6       17.5       17.6       18.1       18.6       19.2       19.2       19.2
Veterans Affairs................................................       2.8        2.6        2.6        2.9        2.9        2.9        3.1        2.8
Corps of Engineers..............................................       0.2        0.3        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................................       1.8        1.7        1.7        1.7        1.7        1.7        1.7        1.6
Environmental Protection Agency.................................       0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2
Executive Office of the President...............................       0.3        0.2        0.1          *          *          *          *          *
General Services Administration.................................         *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
International Assistance Programs...............................       0.6        0.5        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...................       0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6        0.6
National Science Foundation.....................................       0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
Office of Personnel Management..................................       2.4        2.3        2.1        2.2        2.2        2.3        2.3        2.3
Small Business Administration...................................       0.1          *          *          *          *          *          *          *
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......................       2.2        2.0        2.0        2.1        2.2        2.3        2.5        2.3
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....................      20.5       20.1       20.4       20.4       20.9       21.6       22.0       23.6
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........................       0.7        0.5        0.6        0.6        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.6
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........................      -0.1         -*        0.1       -0.1        0.1          *        0.1          *
Allowances......................................................  .........  .........       0.3        0.1        0.1          *          *         -*
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............................      -9.2       -8.9       -9.5       -9.6       -9.9      -10.0      -10.3      -10.6
  (On-budget)...................................................     (-5.0)     (-4.8)     (-5.2)     (-5.2)     (-5.2)     (-5.0)     (-5.1)     (-5.1)
  (Off-budget)..................................................     (-4.2)     (-4.1)     (-4.3)     (-4.4)     (-4.6)     (-5.0)     (-5.2)     (-5.5)
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total outlays.............................................     100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.



[[Page 85]]

 
    Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1976         TQ         1977        1978        1979        1980        1981        1982
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..................................     32,912       8,495      34,075      35,724      37,641      41,069      48,462      55,704
    Operation and Maintenance...........................     28,731       7,591      32,108      34,734      38,042      46,386      55,479      62,461
    Procurement.........................................     20,991       4,135      27,922      29,529      31,428      35,283      48,025      64,462
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.........      9,451       2,406      10,439      11,371      12,437      13,561      16,609      20,060
    Military Construction...............................      2,360          76       2,204       1,641       2,319       2,293       3,380       4,916
    Family Housing......................................      1,229         278       1,258       1,346       1,563       1,526       2,004       2,203
    Other...............................................       -170         -55         -99         186         166         533       2,141       1,680
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.........     95,503      22,925     107,906     114,531     123,595     140,651     176,100     211,486
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..................      1,682         459       2,089       2,514       2,668       2,991       3,651       4,737
  054 Defense-related activities........................        146          31         156         182         204         217         251         323
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...............................     97,331      23,416     110,150     117,227     126,467     143,859     180,001     216,547
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian              3,076         319       3,550       4,183       5,084       5,264       4,420       4,474
   assistance...........................................
  152 International security assistance.................      3,712         589       3,954       4,577       5,772       5,066       5,068       6,863
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs........................        782         362       1,054       1,241       1,318       1,343       1,465       1,688
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities.......        423         103         400         451         506         518         555         587
  155 International financial programs..................      6,063      -1,043        -744       1,124      -2,298       5,761      15,844       4,612
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..........................     14,057         331       8,214      11,575      10,382      17,952      27,352      18,224
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research................      1,039         246       1,136       1,274       1,347       1,460       1,535       1,535
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.      3,227         850       3,498       3,807       4,223       4,790       5,108       5,684
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology..........      4,266       1,095       4,634       5,081       5,570       6,250       6,643       7,218
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.....................................     14,008         993       4,934       6,123       5,448      40,640       7,165       7,856
  272 Energy conservation...............................         79          39         242         527         611         738         700         168
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.....................        431          48         445       3,175       3,008      -2,000       2,791       3,875
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation........        651         179         711         841         777         943       1,098         871
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.........................................     15,169       1,259       6,332      10,665       9,843      40,320      11,753      12,770
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...................................      3,036       1,079       3,635       3,781       3,577       4,085       4,079       3,913
  302 Conservation and land management..................        714         137       1,051       1,742       1,504       1,572       1,631       1,154
  303 Recreational resources............................        706         146       1,032       1,546       1,507       1,373         986         968
  304 Pollution control and abatement...................        684         168       2,691       5,376       5,306       4,672       2,982       3,645
  306 Other natural resources...........................        916         243       1,080       1,206       1,357       1,395       1,494       1,583
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..............      6,055       1,773       9,489      13,651      13,251      13,096      11,171      11,263
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.........................      3,833         463       2,601       4,977      13,294       8,894      11,864      22,571
  352 Agricultural research and services................        927         234       1,028       1,161       1,335       1,333       1,473       1,505
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture....................................      4,760         697       3,629       6,139      14,630      10,227      13,336      24,075
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...................................      9,737         468       5,149       5,338       6,409       9,962       9,208       9,188
  372 Postal Service....................................      1,708         934       2,266       1,787       1,785       1,677       1,343         707
  373 Deposit insurance.................................  ..........  ..........  ..........        -10   ..........      1,200          15          36
  376 Other advancement of commerce.....................      1,082         174       1,403       1,643       1,758       2,495       2,187       1,837
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit....................     12,528       1,576       8,818       8,759       9,953      15,333      12,754      11,769
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
On-budget unless otherwise stated.


[[Page 86]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1983        1984        1985        1986        1987        1988        1989        1990
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..................................     61,050      64,866      67,773      67,794      74,010      76,584      78,477      78,876
    Operation and Maintenance...........................     66,500      70,912      77,800      74,883      79,566      81,589      86,179      88,361
    Procurement.........................................     80,355      86,161      96,841      92,506      80,231      80,053      79,390      81,375
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.........     22,794      26,864      31,323      33,605      35,639      36,517      37,526      36,455
    Military Construction...............................      4,512       4,510       5,517       5,281       5,093       5,349       5,738       5,130
    Family Housing......................................      2,712       2,669       2,890       2,803       3,075       3,199       3,276       3,143
    Other...............................................        912       2,129       4,650       4,528       1,806         419         204        -393
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.........    238,834     258,111     286,794     281,400     279,420     283,711     290,790     292,946
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..................      5,718       6,555       7,325       7,287       7,478       7,749       8,100       9,656
  054 Defense-related activities........................        491         494         537         460         529         548         677         661
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...............................    245,043     265,160     294,656     289,146     287,427     292,008     299,567     303,263
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian              4,711       5,069       6,496       4,760       4,902       5,022       5,296       5,696
   assistance...........................................
  152 International security assistance.................      8,142       8,943      13,730       9,543       8,213       8,598       7,666       8,393
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs........................      1,830       2,015       2,501       2,992       2,582       2,631       2,775       2,933
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities.......        688         808         950         970       1,031       1,056       1,126       1,317
  155 International financial programs..................     -4,632       7,718       2,776      -1,607       1,997        -123         390         473
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..........................     10,739      24,553      26,453      16,659      18,724      17,184      17,252      18,811
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research................      1,637       1,963       2,226       2,120       2,340       2,541       2,851       3,183
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.      6,517       6,858       6,925       7,165      10,198       8,322      10,097      11,460
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology..........      8,155       8,821       9,151       9,286      12,538      10,863      12,948      14,643
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.....................................      7,046       5,348       5,511       4,745       2,280       3,807       2,789       3,394
  272 Energy conservation...............................        449         455         472         426         234         310         314         366
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.....................      2,316       1,268       2,056         113         153         609         422         571
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation........        871         780         642         717         721         620         537         595
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.........................................     10,683       7,851       8,681       6,002       3,388       5,347       4,061       4,925
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...................................      4,608       3,781       4,087       3,678       4,107       4,295       4,312       4,332
  302 Conservation and land management..................      2,199       1,749       1,852       1,776       2,152       3,062       4,178       4,362
  303 Recreational resources............................      1,265       1,093       1,168       1,110       1,254       1,234       1,423       1,816
  304 Pollution control and abatement...................      3,677       4,037       4,303       3,399       5,296       4,932       5,068       5,559
  306 Other natural resources...........................      1,547       1,622       1,934       1,761       1,770       1,852       2,005       2,077
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..............     13,297      12,282      13,344      11,724      14,578      15,375      16,987      18,146
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.........................     33,490       9,945      25,569      28,065      23,394      16,317      19,048      12,313
  352 Agricultural research and services................      1,607       1,753       1,818       1,741       1,910       1,975       2,008       2,119
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture....................................     35,098      11,699      27,387      29,806      25,304      18,292      21,056      14,432
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...................................      7,227       8,349       6,881       3,666       3,449       8,361       6,614       9,847
  372 Postal Service....................................        989       1,798       2,639       2,504       2,944       1,458       2,046       3,573
    (On-budget).........................................       (789)       (879)     (1,209)       (716)       (650)       (517)       (436)       (490)
    (Off-budget)........................................       (200)       (919)     (1,430)     (1,788)     (2,294)       (941)     (1,610)     (3,083)
  373 Deposit insurance.................................  ..........      1,081         200       3,000       2,699      10,835      51,020      45,624
  376 Other advancement of commerce.....................      1,955       2,078       2,497       1,959       2,045       2,412       2,745       3,947
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit....................     10,171      13,306      12,217      11,129      11,138      23,066      62,425      62,990
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................     (9,971)    (12,387)    (10,787)     (9,341)     (8,844)    (22,125)    (60,816)    (59,907)
    (Off-budget)........................................       (200)       (919)     (1,430)     (1,788)     (2,294)       (941)     (1,610)     (3,083)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 87]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1991        1992        1993        1994        1995        1996        1997        1998
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..................................     84,213      81,221      75,974      71,365      71,557      69,776      70,341      69,822
    Operation and Maintenance...........................    117,176      93,668      89,100      88,577      93,690      93,609      92,298      97,150
    Procurement.........................................     71,739      62,952      52,787      44,141      43,646      42,589      42,961      44,818
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.........     36,189      36,619      37,761      34,563      34,517      34,968      36,400      37,086
    Military Construction...............................      5,188       5,254       4,554       6,009       5,428       6,891       5,718       5,463
    Family Housing......................................      3,296       3,738       3,941       3,501       3,392       4,259       4,132       3,829
    Other...............................................    -41,656      -1,378       3,012       3,141       3,431       2,438       6,097          95
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.........    276,146     282,074     267,128     251,296     255,661     254,530     257,947     258,263
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..................     11,571      11,972      12,051      10,890      10,098      10,690      11,348      11,697
  054 Defense-related activities........................      1,161       1,023       1,897       1,135         630         966       1,071       1,089
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...............................    288,878     295,070     281,076     263,322     266,389     266,186     270,366     271,049
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian              6,778       6,655       6,992       7,699       7,661       6,084       6,005       7,225
   assistance...........................................
  152 International security assistance.................      9,061       6,682       5,491       4,531       4,626       5,038       5,159       5,372
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs........................      3,238       4,063       4,327       4,630       4,063       3,833       3,892       3,845
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities.......      1,243       1,303       1,248       1,496       1,421       1,131       1,119       1,224
  155 International financial programs..................      2,369       2,523      14,275        -647       7,855         310      -1,549      -2,897
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs..........................     22,689      21,227      32,333      17,709      25,626      16,396      14,626      14,769
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research................      3,471       4,123       4,172       4,595       4,163       4,145       4,221       5,672
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.     13,046      13,199      13,064      13,022      12,543      12,570      12,456      12,321
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology..........     16,517      17,322      17,235      17,617      16,706      16,715      16,677      17,993
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.....................................      4,220       4,789       7,404       3,386       3,757       1,777         978        -739
  272 Energy conservation...............................        461         511         561         669         715         533         533         584
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.....................        336         282          60         216         144   ..........        -11         208
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation........        369         513         240         454         411         330         195         243
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.........................................      5,386       6,095       8,264       4,725       5,027       2,640       1,695         296
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...................................      4,370       4,768       4,801       5,256       4,131       4,175       5,160       5,056
  302 Conservation and land management..................      4,593       5,411       5,535       5,860       5,975       5,980       6,079       6,259
  303 Recreational resources............................      1,802       1,931       1,845       1,958       1,976       2,111       2,253       2,969
  304 Pollution control and abatement...................      6,158       6,609       6,914       6,597       5,885       6,433       6,635       7,197
  306 Other natural resources...........................      2,309       2,571       2,542       2,933       2,978       2,814       2,822       2,885
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..............     19,232      21,290      21,636      22,604      20,945      21,513      22,949      24,366
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.........................     14,734      19,651      16,464      14,268       5,782       6,894       8,585       9,845
  352 Agricultural research and services................      2,381       2,608       2,541       2,664       2,648       2,602       2,724       2,738
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture....................................     17,115      22,259      19,005      16,932       8,430       9,496      11,309      12,583
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...................................      7,816       4,514       2,302       1,486       1,350       1,017         148      -1,465
  372 Postal Service....................................      3,812       2,709       2,400       2,863       2,684       3,563       3,851       6,445
    (On-budget).........................................       (511)       (511)       (161)       (130)       (130)       (122)       (126)        (86)
    (Off-budget)........................................     (3,301)     (2,198)     (2,239)     (2,732)     (2,554)     (3,441)     (3,725)     (6,359)
  373 Deposit insurance.................................     72,789      36,961       2,462      19,520         859          11         -25         -33
  376 Other advancement of commerce.....................      2,926       3,412       3,615       3,465       3,535       3,471       4,084       9,377
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit....................     87,343      47,596      10,779      27,334       8,428       8,062       8,058      14,324
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................    (84,042)    (45,397)     (8,540)    (24,602)     (5,874)     (4,621)     (4,333)     (7,965)
    (Off-budget)........................................     (3,301)     (2,198)     (2,239)     (2,732)     (2,554)     (3,441)     (3,725)     (6,359)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 88]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Function and Subfunction                           1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004        2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..............................................     70,649      73,838      76,889      86,956     109,060     116,112     121,279
    Operation and Maintenance.......................................    104,911     108,724     125,187     133,212     178,318     189,759     179,210
    Procurement.....................................................     51,113      54,972      62,608      62,739      78,495      83,073      96,613
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.....................     38,286      38,704      41,591      48,713      58,103      64,643      68,826
    Military Construction...........................................      5,406       5,107       5,424       6,631       6,706       6,135       7,260
    Family Housing..................................................      3,591       3,544       3,682       4,048       4,181       3,827       4,101
    Other...........................................................      4,464       5,450       3,297       2,605       2,851       7,384       6,575
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.....................    278,420     290,339     318,678     344,904     437,714     470,933     483,864
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..............................     12,440      12,420      14,298      15,225      16,365      16,822      17,890
  054 Defense-related activities....................................      1,392       1,276       1,756       1,904       1,964       2,805       4,033
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...........................................    292,252     304,035     334,732     362,033     456,043     490,560     505,787
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian assistance.........      8,975       6,741       8,130       7,715      15,116      30,513      13,464
  152 International security assistance.............................      5,869       7,763       6,659       6,927      10,058       7,680       8,502
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs....................................      5,891       5,615       6,413       7,246       7,210       8,439       9,704
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities...................      1,210         770         898         969       1,006       1,000       1,101
  155 International financial programs..............................     15,930       1,756      -1,930       2,287      -1,691      -2,476         106
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs......................................     37,875      22,645      20,170      25,144      31,699      45,156      32,877
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research............................      6,393       6,746       7,690       8,110       8,668       9,070       9,117
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.............     12,460      12,541      13,330      13,901      14,386      14,321      15,243
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology......................     18,853      19,287      21,020      22,011      23,054      23,391      24,360
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.................................................        -36      -2,302      -1,100        -958        -758       1,843        -123
  272 Energy conservation...........................................        619         737         807         896         881         868         859
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.................................        160         158         149         179         180         176         175
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation....................        236         222         261         282         245         295         373
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.....................................................        979      -1,185         117         399         548       3,182       1,284
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...............................................      4,713       4,803       5,365       5,883       5,653       5,632       6,999
  302 Conservation and land management..............................      6,485       6,604       8,858       9,797      10,638      10,846       9,727
  303 Recreational resources........................................      2,487       2,737       2,958       3,037       2,932       2,988       3,037
  304 Pollution control and abatement...............................      7,429       7,490       7,800       8,008       8,079       8,557       8,117
  306 Other natural resources.......................................      3,314       3,397       4,067       4,401       4,505       4,853       5,159
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..........................     24,428      25,031      29,048      31,126      31,807      32,876      33,039
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.....................................     21,029      30,227      24,991      19,497      20,029      28,432      24,637
  352 Agricultural research and services............................      2,905       3,302       3,896       4,062       4,609       4,298       4,599
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture................................................     23,934      33,529      28,887      23,559      24,638      32,730      29,236
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...............................................        792       1,000       1,937        -384        -286          17        -490
  372 Postal Service................................................      5,636       3,812       4,332       3,754       5,462       2,117       1,573
    (On-budget).....................................................        (29)       (100)       (268)       (683)        (76)        (60)       (568)
    (Off-budget)....................................................     (5,607)     (3,712)     (4,064)     (3,071)     (5,386)     (2,057)     (1,005)
  373 Deposit insurance.............................................          1   ..........       -125          -4         -60           1         423
  376 Other advancement of commerce.................................      7,917      10,618       6,195       7,875       9,732      12,001      12,722
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit................................     14,346      15,430      12,339      11,241      14,848      14,136      14,228
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................     (8,739)    (11,718)     (8,275)     (8,170)     (9,462)    (12,079)    (13,223)
    (Off-budget)....................................................     (5,607)     (3,712)     (4,064)     (3,071)     (5,386)     (2,057)     (1,005)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 89]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                      Function and Subfunction                           2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:
  051 Department of Defense--Military:
    Military Personnel..............................................    128,485     130,885     135,990         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Operation and Maintenance.......................................    213,534     240,693     244,313         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Procurement.....................................................    105,370     130,547     141,634         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.....................     72,855      77,131      77,975         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Military Construction...........................................      9,530       9,333      19,128         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Family Housing..................................................      4,427       3,795       2,943         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
    Other...........................................................     59,579       7,852       2,655         N/A         N/A         N/A         N/A
 
  051 Subtotal, Department of Defense--Military.....................    593,780     600,236     624,638     562,927     523,318     529,421     538,475
  053 Atomic energy defense activities..............................     17,440      17,030      17,369      16,851      16,713      16,985      17,071
  054 Defense-related activities....................................      5,935       5,180       5,159       4,878       4,950       5,106       5,164
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, National defense...........................................    617,155     622,446     647,166     584,656     544,981     551,512     560,710
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
150 International affairs:
  151 International development and humanitarian assistance.........     14,560      14,111      16,353      16,326      16,486      16,719      16,932
  152 International security assistance.............................      9,067      11,029       9,541       8,543       8,634       8,730       8,833
  153 Conduct of foreign affairs....................................      9,836       9,194      11,203       9,362       9,456       9,554       9,650
  154 Foreign information and exchange activities...................      1,275       1,184       1,273       1,285       1,298       1,310       1,324
  155 International financial programs..............................     -1,976      -1,457         -54         743         757         777         797
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, International affairs......................................     32,762      34,061      38,316      36,259      36,631      37,090      37,536
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 General science, space and technology:
  251 General science and basic research............................      9,292       9,288      10,886      11,604      12,386      13,224      14,129
  252 Space flight, research, and supporting activities.............     15,765      15,607      16,580      16,892      17,313      17,734      18,164
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General science, space and technology......................     25,057      24,895      27,466      28,496      29,699      30,958      32,293
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
270 Energy:
  271 Energy supply.................................................       -955        -167          72          37         520         747         755
  272 Energy conservation...........................................        781         779         659         648         646         661         666
  274 Emergency energy preparedness.................................        159         160         337         332         330         338         341
  276 Energy information, policy, and regulation....................        316         394         537         529         531         541         545
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Energy.....................................................        301       1,166       1,605       1,546       2,027       2,287       2,307
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
300 Natural resources and environment:
  301 Water resources...............................................     13,305       5,549       5,749       5,660       5,648       5,791       5,848
  302 Conservation and land management..............................      8,585       8,607       8,496       8,196       8,506       9,074       9,241
  303 Recreational resources........................................      3,037       2,970       3,406       3,385       3,407       3,456       3,497
  304 Pollution control and abatement...............................      7,784       7,716       7,346       7,205       7,182       7,319       7,391
  306 Other natural resources.......................................      5,382       4,884       5,367       5,287       5,279       5,143       5,188
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Natural resources and environment..........................     38,093      29,726      30,364      29,733      30,022      30,783      31,165
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
350 Agriculture:
  351 Farm income stabilization.....................................     20,893      14,757      15,657      15,259      15,638      15,931      16,301
  352 Agricultural research and services............................      4,732       4,324       4,227       4,184       4,384       4,488       4,535
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Agriculture................................................     25,625      19,081      19,884      19,443      20,022      20,419      20,836
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
370 Commerce and housing credit:
  371 Mortgage credit...............................................        207      -1,475          15         187         355         287         327
  372 Postal Service................................................      3,797          36      -1,598      -3,427      -3,898      -3,315      -4,473
    (On-budget).....................................................       (104)    (-8,254)    (-5,320)    (-5,311)    (-5,411)    (-5,411)    (-5,511)
    (Off-budget)....................................................     (3,693)     (8,290)     (3,722)     (1,884)     (1,513)     (2,096)     (1,038)
  373 Deposit insurance.............................................        401           1           1           1           1           2           2
  376 Other advancement of commerce.................................      9,897      12,547      11,987      12,794      16,560      11,684      11,735
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Commerce and housing credit................................     14,302      11,109      10,405       9,555      13,018       8,658       7,591
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................    (10,609)     (2,819)     (6,683)     (7,671)    (11,505)     (6,562)     (6,553)
    (Off-budget)....................................................     (3,693)     (8,290)     (3,722)     (1,884)     (1,513)     (2,096)     (1,038)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
N/A = Not available.


[[Page 90]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1976         TQ         1977        1978        1979        1980        1981        1982
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.............................      6,904       4,777       5,732       9,872      14,021      15,278      20,249      17,697
  402 Air transportation................................      2,311       1,048       3,017       3,287       3,728       3,915       4,046       3,747
  403 Water transportation..............................      1,615         390       1,675       1,854       2,057       2,192       2,552       2,931
  407 Other transportation..............................         74          19          83          85          91          97         109          88
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.................................     10,905       6,234      10,507      15,098      19,897      21,483      26,957      24,464
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.............................      2,764          81       3,689       4,403       4,775       4,972       4,783       4,328
  452 Area and regional development.....................      2,604         649       9,235       3,524       4,082       4,331       4,373       3,644
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.....................        335          60         684       3,246       2,266       2,426         810         417
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.............      5,703         790      13,608      11,173      11,123      11,728       9,966       8,390
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social
 services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...      4,624       2,826       5,825       6,146       7,047       7,404       6,808       6,341
  502 Higher education..................................      3,828         185       3,858       4,523       5,854       6,775       8,895       8,012
  503 Research and general education aids...............        748         339       1,011       1,140       1,249       1,170       1,225       1,173
  504 Training and employment...........................      7,264         839      13,969       4,802      11,739       9,623       9,109       4,386
  505 Other labor services..............................        329          82         383         440         522         572         606         600
  506 Social services...................................      5,221       1,207       5,449       5,566       6,693       6,152       5,700       5,585
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..     22,013       5,480      30,496      22,618      33,104      31,698      32,343      26,097
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..............................     11,395       2,794      13,403      14,225      17,028      18,480      21,520      22,097
  552 Health research and training......................      3,111         601       3,502       3,857       4,200       4,565       4,422       4,338
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety.......        684         181         773         864         949       1,000       1,082       1,044
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.........................................     15,190       3,576      17,678      18,945      22,177      24,045      27,024      27,479
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..........................................     15,785       4,280      19,416      22,826      26,657      32,237      39,148      46,562
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance             3,534       1,165       3,717       3,723       5,326       5,446       5,557       5,537
   (excluding social security)..........................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability........     16,092       4,317      18,349      20,577      23,215      27,340      32,007      35,146
  603 Unemployment compensation.........................     15,006       2,907      16,036      10,749      10,848      17,927      19,748      25,153
  604 Housing assistance................................     19,421         111      28,629      32,300      24,780      27,932      26,927      14,608
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.....................      7,737       1,966       8,875       9,017      10,566      13,775      16,576      15,785
  609 Other income security.............................     12,434       3,217      13,515      13,027      13,592      17,915      20,206      18,259
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security................................     74,224      13,684      89,121      89,393      88,326     110,335     121,021     114,488
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...................................     74,535      20,019      85,626      94,453     104,994     119,955     141,076     157,081
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................       (515)  ..........       (717)       (741)       (761)       (677)       (672)       (844)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (74,019)    (20,019)    (84,909)    (93,712)   (104,233)   (119,278)   (140,404)   (156,238)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans......................      8,704       2,154       9,467      10,146      11,224      11,783      13,222      14,522
  702 Veterans education, training and rehabilitation...      5,981       1,153       3,956       2,607       2,474       2,342       2,323       1,934
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans............      4,436       1,092       5,074       5,638       6,112       6,409       6,919       7,802
  704 Veterans housing..................................         15           3          14          14          23          19          16          17
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..............        528         125         542         618         649         641         671         687
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.................     19,664       4,527      19,053      19,023      20,481      21,194      23,150      24,963
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 91]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1983        1984        1985        1986        1987        1988        1989        1990
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.............................     19,208      20,685      20,318      19,349      18,244      18,267      18,605      19,369
  402 Air transportation................................      4,850       5,266       6,011       5,484       5,518       6,906       7,494       8,260
  403 Water transportation..............................      2,912       3,244       3,105       3,915       3,120       2,861       3,112       3,168
  407 Other transportation..............................        110         114         126         115         115         107         132         143
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.................................     27,080      29,309      29,559      28,863      26,996      28,141      29,342      30,940
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.............................      5,398       4,818       4,262       3,726       3,819       3,546       3,061       4,060
  452 Area and regional development.....................      4,104       3,824       3,664       2,684       2,620       5,080       3,512       4,033
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.....................        480         257         239         475         210         205       1,308       1,725
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.............      9,983       8,899       8,166       6,884       6,649       8,831       7,881       9,817
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social
 services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...      6,816       7,207       7,926       7,644       8,965       9,502      10,125      11,293
  502 Higher education..................................      7,364       6,900       9,705       8,723       9,001       8,932      10,934      11,311
  503 Research and general education aids...............      1,259       1,247       1,340       1,292       1,416       1,474       1,552       1,636
  504 Training and employment...........................      5,515       8,688       5,422       4,875       5,226       5,327       5,392       6,093
  505 Other labor services..............................        640         685         716         679         730         778         802         817
  506 Social services...................................      6,013       6,231       6,495       6,325       6,853       8,227       8,399       8,352
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..     27,606      30,958      31,603      29,540      32,189      34,241      37,203      39,502
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..............................     19,228      25,241      26,454      29,418      32,881      36,750      42,017      50,426
  552 Health research and training......................      4,743       5,233       5,951       6,059       7,190       7,569       8,281       8,988
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety.......      1,083       1,156       1,196       1,157       1,250       1,313       1,397       1,503
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.........................................     25,053      31,630      33,601      36,634      41,320      45,631      51,694      60,917
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..........................................     52,591      57,835      65,579      71,202      75,105      78,806      85,395     105,882
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance             5,520       5,334       5,473       5,711       5,373       5,681       5,760       5,672
   (excluding social security)..........................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability........     37,578      38,898      40,881      42,865      44,545      47,936      50,667      53,631
  603 Unemployment compensation.........................     30,576      20,669      16,372      17,030      16,980      15,217      15,761      18,960
  604 Housing assistance................................     10,498      12,671      26,879      11,643       9,864       9,698       9,568      11,260
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.....................     18,154      18,235      18,655      18,803      19,568      20,650      21,262      25,054
  609 Other income security.............................     21,561      22,274      23,269      24,931      26,147      29,263      31,128      32,523
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security................................    123,888     118,081     131,529     120,984     122,477     128,446     134,146     147,101
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...................................    171,737     178,793     193,176     196,642     208,392     221,137     233,502     250,641
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................    (20,753)     (7,083)     (8,527)     (4,861)     (4,930)     (4,852)     (5,069)     (3,766)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (150,984)   (171,710)   (184,648)   (191,782)   (203,462)   (216,285)   (228,432)   (246,875)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans......................     14,229      14,896      15,104      15,378      15,408      15,865      16,403      16,680
  702 Veterans education, training and rehabilitation...      1,640       1,556       1,036         575         362         366         303         219
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans............      8,816       9,078      10,005       9,964      10,481      10,836      11,523      12,168
  704 Veterans housing..................................        -63         214         322         214         114       1,497         792         561
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..............        721         751         789         757         824         817         871         897
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.................     25,341      26,496      27,256      26,888      27,190      29,380      29,891      30,524
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 92]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1991        1992        1993        1994        1995        1996        1997        1998
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.............................     19,096      23,290      26,446      28,081      27,112      23,346      27,402      31,099
  402 Air transportation................................      8,932      10,043      10,396      11,439       8,185       9,576       9,827      10,394
  403 Water transportation..............................      3,122       3,320       3,287       3,604       3,684       3,379       3,499       3,637
  407 Other transportation..............................        251         277         299         321         319         312         344         207
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.................................     31,401      36,929      40,428      43,445      39,300      36,613      41,072      45,337
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.............................      3,694       3,788       4,848       5,461       5,193       5,083       5,187       5,492
  452 Area and regional development.....................      4,061       3,285       2,919       3,219       3,301       2,767       2,920       2,575
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.....................         -2       5,218       2,383       6,910       4,501       4,688       5,458       2,557
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.............      7,753      12,291      10,150      15,591      12,995      12,538      13,565      10,624
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social
 services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...     13,130      14,230      14,214      14,782      15,224      13,697      17,044      18,794
  502 Higher education..................................     12,374      12,166      14,759       9,596      14,438      12,725      13,521      13,829
  503 Research and general education aids...............      1,921       2,093       2,140       2,194       2,299       2,131       2,366       2,264
  504 Training and employment...........................      6,771       7,252       7,347       7,981       7,093       6,911       7,620       8,382
  505 Other labor services..............................        808         894         933         957         993         957       1,007       1,041
  506 Social services...................................      9,151       9,427      10,463      13,161      11,998      11,271      12,073      12,387
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..     44,155      46,062      49,857      48,672      52,045      47,692      53,631      56,697
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..............................     63,880      80,087      95,638     102,938     103,118      95,459     114,752     118,726
  552 Health research and training......................      9,877      10,703      11,161      11,613      11,887      12,434      13,392      14,270
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety.......      1,646       1,764       1,817       1,935       1,981       1,976       2,040       2,112
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.........................................     75,402      92,554     108,616     116,486     116,986     109,869     130,184     135,108
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare..........................................    103,208     133,599     124,757     162,677     156,540     179,652     189,999     193,667
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance             5,911       5,989       5,678       6,244       5,540       6,185       5,950       5,841
   (excluding social security)..........................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability........     57,150      58,351      61,675      64,062      67,309      69,754      72,743      75,233
  603 Unemployment compensation.........................     27,179      39,534      38,164      28,696      23,750      24,964      22,968      22,130
  604 Housing assistance................................     19,773      19,785      21,240      21,202      15,424      16,545      11,877      17,643
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.....................     29,435      33,459      39,016      39,965      40,818      40,434      41,019      37,840
  609 Other income security.............................     41,547      46,232      52,078      60,732      66,224      68,604      77,522      77,370
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security................................    180,995     203,350     217,852     220,901     219,065     226,486     232,079     236,057
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...................................    271,253     289,532     306,338     321,138     333,287     352,131     366,050     380,464
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................     (2,722)     (6,167)     (6,248)     (5,687)     (5,479)     (5,816)     (6,895)     (9,142)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (268,532)   (283,365)   (300,090)   (315,451)   (327,808)   (346,315)   (359,155)   (371,322)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans......................     17,509      17,433      18,146      18,622      18,851      19,730      20,688      21,544
  702 Veterans education, training and rehabilitation...        790         563         638         991       1,047         972       1,135       1,125
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans............     13,194      14,256      15,235      16,187      16,555      16,812      17,375      17,959
  704 Veterans housing..................................        744         831       1,196         203         628         226        -276       1,161
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..............      1,013       1,020         993       1,006       1,078       1,023       1,014       1,003
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.................     33,251      34,103      36,208      37,009      38,159      38,763      39,936      42,792
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 93]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Function and Subfunction                           1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004        2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.........................................     35,856      38,609      44,011      45,863      40,333      45,229      49,507
  402 Air transportation............................................     11,368      12,006      18,543      17,304      21,478      18,330      18,971
  403 Water transportation..........................................      4,139       4,527       4,560       5,444       6,624       7,200       7,384
  407 Other transportation..........................................        222         233         240         238         295         301         373
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.............................................     51,585      55,375      67,354      68,849      68,730      71,060      76,235
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.........................................      5,486       5,395       6,553       8,066       5,718       5,780       5,724
  452 Area and regional development.................................      2,705       2,836       3,314       3,458       2,956       2,535       2,636
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.................................      3,097       3,028       4,658      11,497       8,025       9,823      76,137
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.........................     11,288      11,259      14,525      23,021      16,699      18,138      84,497
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...............     16,859      17,136      26,037      32,927      36,396      38,254      38,845
  502 Higher education..............................................     13,680      11,878      10,472      19,543      23,573      25,602      32,294
  503 Research and general education aids...........................      2,623       2,669       3,185       2,867       2,978       3,101       3,225
  504 Training and employment.......................................      8,732       4,862       7,797       7,623       7,385       7,255       7,432
  505 Other labor services..........................................      1,128       1,242       1,441       1,531       1,587       1,610       1,634
  506 Social services...............................................     12,491      11,715      14,656      15,406      15,749      16,210      16,560
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..............     55,513      49,502      63,588      79,897      87,668      92,032      99,990
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..........................................    123,664     140,566     157,694     178,834     200,842     219,540     219,179
  552 Health research and training..................................     16,305      18,563      21,488      24,377      28,052      28,932      29,562
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety...................      2,230       2,370       2,531       2,866       2,793       2,941       3,071
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.....................................................    142,199     161,499     181,713     206,077     231,687     251,413     251,812
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare......................................................    190,625     200,588     217,096     234,428     249,947     271,656     303,410
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance (excluding social       2,573       6,128       6,869       6,738       6,449       6,480       5,303
   security)........................................................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability....................     76,783      79,010      82,531      85,180      86,830      90,556      95,116
  603 Unemployment compensation.....................................     23,725      23,023      32,694      53,551      57,464      45,596      35,150
  604 Housing assistance............................................     20,593      18,351      25,357      27,192      28,986      29,804      30,120
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.................................     35,552      35,925      35,030      38,880      43,349      48,582      53,428
  609 Other income security.........................................     84,417      87,324      91,025      98,367     106,602     113,350     129,923
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security............................................    243,643     249,761     273,506     309,908     329,680     334,368     349,040
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...............................................    391,098     412,032     440,370     461,930     476,571     496,047     531,657
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................    (10,830)    (13,262)    (11,700)    (13,978)    (13,291)    (14,348)    (16,527)
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (380,268)   (398,770)   (428,670)   (447,952)   (463,280)   (481,699)   (515,130)
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans..................................     22,965      22,677      24,469      27,153      30,053      30,925      33,464
  702 Veterans education, training and rehabilitation...............        938       1,255       1,608       1,938       2,040       2,412       2,653
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans........................     18,032      19,584      20,931      22,327      24,754      27,453      30,400
  704 Veterans housing..............................................      1,107         796        -901        -878         520      -1,944         892
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..........................      1,115       1,202       1,471       1,555       1,704       1,634       1,823
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.............................     44,157      45,514      47,578      52,095      59,071      60,480      69,232
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 94]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                      Function and Subfunction                           2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
400 Transportation:
  401 Ground transportation.........................................     49,625      49,653      52,499      55,371      55,361      55,434      55,467
  402 Air transportation............................................     18,105      19,220      18,459      11,104      11,370      11,603      11,778
  403 Water transportation..........................................      7,608       8,485       8,566       8,619       8,760       9,055       9,263
  407 Other transportation..........................................        353         378         345         341         336         342         345
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Transportation.............................................     75,691      77,736      79,869      75,435      75,827      76,434      76,853
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
450 Community and regional development:
  451 Community development.........................................     21,641       4,936       3,448       3,393       3,381       3,457       3,484
  452 Area and regional development.................................      2,474       2,083       2,204       2,277       2,305       2,402       2,457
  453 Disaster relief and insurance.................................      7,051       9,040       4,719       4,745       4,801       4,932       5,019
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Community and regional development.........................     31,166      16,059      10,371      10,415      10,487      10,791      10,960
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 Education, training, employment, and social services:
  501 Elementary, secondary, and vocational education...............     39,688      37,622      38,052      37,529      37,397      38,271      38,587
  502 Higher education..............................................     57,011      24,734      20,988      23,564      24,767      24,025      25,222
  503 Research and general education aids...........................      3,256       3,216       3,371       3,338       3,331       3,407       3,439
  504 Training and employment.......................................      7,210       7,398       6,171       6,415       6,392       6,546       6,609
  505 Other labor services..........................................      1,636       1,611       1,601       1,623       1,622       1,660       1,674
  506 Social services...............................................     17,079      16,654      15,310      15,252      15,291      15,616      15,782
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Educ., training, employ., and social services..............    125,880      91,235      85,493      87,721      88,800      89,525      91,313
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
550 Health:
  551 Health care services..........................................    262,709     209,492     248,504     266,496     283,716     303,845     325,365
  552 Health research and training..................................     29,343      29,692      29,630      29,086      29,051      29,748      30,045
  554 Consumer and occupational health and safety...................      3,154       3,150       3,333       3,285       3,284       3,362       3,399
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Health.....................................................    295,206     242,334     281,467     298,867     316,051     336,955     358,809
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
570 Medicare:
  571 Medicare......................................................    365,371     371,906     391,568     414,759     439,024     480,531     487,286
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 Income security:
  601 General retirement and disability insurance (excluding social       7,229       7,620       7,842       8,233       8,594       8,860       9,077
   security)........................................................
  602 Federal employee retirement and disability....................    100,764     106,689     111,360     115,627     119,629     124,541     126,918
  603 Unemployment compensation.....................................     33,791      34,330      36,692      38,005      40,138      42,169      43,835
  604 Housing assistance............................................     31,489      30,658      33,167      33,923      33,886      34,668      34,952
  605 Food and nutrition assistance.................................     60,249      58,223      60,633      61,889      63,373      65,032      66,555
  609 Other income security.........................................    117,572     123,496     127,161     130,413     137,096     146,128     137,864
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Income security............................................    351,094     361,016     376,855     388,090     402,716     421,398     419,201
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
650 Social security:
  651 Social security...............................................    552,225     589,249     614,623     647,583     685,783     724,887     798,830
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................    (16,066)    (19,358)    (19,964)    (22,036)    (24,229)    (27,112)    (30,071)
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (536,159)   (569,891)   (594,659)   (625,547)   (661,554)   (697,775)   (768,759)
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
700 Veterans benefits and services:
  701 Income security for veterans..................................     34,992      39,726      42,343      45,233      48,109      50,939      53,767
  702 Veterans education, training and rehabilitation...............      2,997       2,565       3,054       3,253       3,331       3,619       3,764
  703 Hospital and medical care for veterans........................     31,242      30,259      35,304      34,468      34,248      35,034      35,227
  704 Veterans housing..............................................     -1,218        -906           9          47          39          55         279
  705 Other veterans benefits and services..........................      2,989       2,884       3,740       3,696       3,690       3,777       3,811
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Veterans benefits and services.............................     71,002      74,528      84,450      86,697      89,417      93,424      96,848
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 95]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1976         TQ         1977        1978        1979        1980        1981        1982
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities................      1,668         438       1,789       2,008       2,189       2,342       2,561       2,801
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities........        726         187         863       1,029       1,190       1,370       1,484       1,530
  753 Federal correctional activities...................        208          55         297         308         339         320         352         423
  754 Criminal justice assistance.......................        810         205         758         654         656         498         169         140
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice......................      3,411         884       3,706       3,999       4,374       4,530       4,566       4,894
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.............................        780         188         878         913         932       1,111       1,036       1,175
  802 Executive direction and management................         71          18          83          79          84         102         108          95
  803 Central fiscal operations.........................      1,768         462       1,912       2,118       2,375       2,667       2,809       2,928
  804 General property and records management...........        316          58         350         181         344         293         409         251
  805 Central personnel management......................         99          25         109         126         133         145         162         141
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.................      9,751       3,470       9,342      10,454       8,282       8,664       6,249       6,389
  808 Other general government..........................        470         177         531         618         493         592         763         542
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts................       -322        -150        -256        -289        -198        -351        -222        -216
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.............................     12,932       4,248      12,948      14,200      12,445      13,226      11,313      11,305
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)......     37,076       8,104      41,915      48,712      59,855      74,803      95,535     117,227
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds........     -4,988        -177      -5,488      -6,128      -7,727      -9,707     -11,523     -13,995
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds.......     -2,812         -93      -2,650      -2,403      -2,224      -2,339      -2,288      -2,071
  908 Other interest....................................     -2,547        -887      -3,875      -4,723      -7,273     -10,220     -12,958     -16,130
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...................................     26,729       6,948      29,901      35,459      42,630      52,538      68,767      85,032
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................    (29,541)     (7,040)    (32,551)    (37,861)    (44,855)    (54,877)    (71,055)    (87,102)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-2,812)       (-93)    (-2,650)    (-2,403)    (-2,224)    (-2,339)    (-2,288)    (-2,071)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...    -10,761      -2,646     -11,528     -12,401     -13,095     -14,638     -16,473     -18,203
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..       -963        -249        -977      -1,060      -1,114      -1,204      -1,430      -1,646
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf     -2,662      -1,311      -2,374      -2,259      -3,267      -4,101     -10,138      -6,250
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..............    -14,386      -4,206     -14,879     -15,720     -17,476     -19,942     -28,041     -26,099
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (-13,423)    (-3,957)   (-13,902)   (-14,660)   (-16,362)   (-18,738)   (-26,611)   (-24,453)
    (Off-budget)........................................      (-963)      (-249)      (-977)    (-1,060)    (-1,114)    (-1,204)    (-1,430)    (-1,646)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total budget authority..................................    420,870      96,610     468,450     504,565     558,829     670,062     740,300     806,522
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (350,626)    (76,933)   (387,168)   (414,316)   (457,934)   (554,327)   (603,614)   (654,001)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (70,244)    (19,677)    (81,282)    (90,250)   (100,895)   (115,735)   (136,686)   (152,521)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 96]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1983        1984        1985        1986        1987        1988        1989        1990
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities................      3,212       3,590       3,879       3,897       4,908       5,319       4,965       5,398
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities........      1,702       1,905       2,204       2,190       2,680       2,926       3,288       3,827
  753 Federal correctional activities...................        468         495         599         595         867       1,059       1,553       2,578
  754 Criminal justice assistance.......................        137         215         220         265         502         316         424         774
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice......................      5,518       6,205       6,902       6,946       8,957       9,620      10,230      12,577
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.............................      1,418       1,443       1,358       1,412       1,572       1,602       1,785       1,811
  802 Executive direction and management................        103         111         118         110         120         128         137         296
  803 Central fiscal operations.........................      3,395       3,623       3,856       4,032       4,764       5,161       6,022       6,034
  804 General property and records management...........        450         305         400         418         225          63         422       2,250
  805 Central personnel management......................        142         148         149         136         141         145         151         161
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.................      6,361       6,795       6,322       5,847       1,369       1,963       2,043       2,033
  808 Other general government..........................        793         496         563         758         983       1,803         815         743
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts................       -636        -513        -506         -78        -623        -694        -893        -361
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.............................     12,026      12,409      12,261      12,635       8,551      10,172      10,482      12,967
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)......    128,653     153,866     178,871     190,272     195,242     214,047     240,845     264,691
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds........    -15,257     -17,044     -21,838     -26,628     -29,614     -34,406     -40,467     -46,321
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds.......     -1,845      -3,310      -4,118      -4,329      -5,290      -7,416     -11,395     -15,991
  908 Other interest....................................    -21,742     -22,410     -23,437     -23,285     -21,732     -20,426     -19,857     -17,542
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...................................     89,808     111,102     129,479     136,030     138,606     151,799     169,127     184,837
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................    (91,653)   (114,412)   (133,597)   (140,359)   (143,897)   (159,215)   (180,522)   (200,828)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-1,845)    (-3,310)    (-4,118)    (-4,329)    (-5,290)    (-7,416)   (-11,395)   (-15,991)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...    -21,706     -23,219     -24,648     -25,434     -27,259     -29,037     -29,425     -28,044
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..     -1,778      -2,044      -2,509      -2,857      -3,300      -4,382      -4,858      -5,567
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf    -10,491      -6,694      -5,542      -4,716      -4,021      -3,548      -2,929      -3,004
  954 Sale of major assets..............................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........     -1,875   ..........  ..........  ..........
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..............    -33,976     -31,957     -32,698     -33,007     -36,455     -36,967     -37,212     -36,615
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (-32,198)   (-29,913)   (-30,189)   (-30,150)   (-33,155)   (-32,585)   (-32,354)   (-31,048)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-1,778)    (-2,044)    (-2,509)    (-2,857)    (-3,300)    (-4,382)    (-4,858)    (-5,567)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total budget authority..................................    869,841     923,432   1,028,304   1,013,994   1,033,074   1,091,374   1,195,980   1,286,301
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (722,279)   (756,157)   (848,852)   (827,610)   (835,909)   (885,945)   (982,190)  (1,057,901
                                                                                                                                                       )
    (Off-budget)........................................   (147,562)   (167,275)   (179,452)   (186,384)   (197,166)   (205,429)   (213,790)   (228,400)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 97]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Function and Subfunction                     1991        1992        1993        1994        1995        1996        1997        1998
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities................      6,169       6,919       6,989       7,021       7,785       8,286       9,748      11,206
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities........      4,614       5,130       5,486       5,884       6,100       6,060       6,529       6,773
  753 Federal correctional activities...................      1,728       2,101       1,937       2,222       2,557       2,881       3,183       3,097
  754 Criminal justice assistance.......................        853         872       1,006         905       2,638       4,198       4,796       5,354
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice......................     13,364      15,021      15,419      16,031      19,080      21,425      24,256      26,430
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.............................      2,021       2,137       2,109       2,107       2,172       1,925       2,007       2,074
  802 Executive direction and management................        188         212         254         210         199         206         227         437
  803 Central fiscal operations.........................      6,290       7,042       7,296       7,727       7,758       7,645       7,427      10,875
  804 General property and records management...........      2,025         432         681         720         270         275         578          39
  805 Central personnel management......................        171         179         186         185         177         154         150         149
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.................      2,138       1,893       1,919       2,213       1,908       2,073       2,192       2,192
  808 Other general government..........................      1,455       1,694       1,474         927       1,687         840       1,420         984
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts................       -718        -480        -739      -2,087      -1,077      -1,694      -1,497        -855
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.............................     13,569      13,108      13,180      12,001      13,094      11,424      12,504      15,895
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)......    285,421     292,294     292,479     296,253     332,379     343,918     355,764     363,759
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds........    -50,426     -54,193     -55,537     -56,494     -59,871     -60,869     -63,776     -67,208
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds.......    -20,222     -23,637     -26,788     -29,203     -33,305     -36,507     -41,214     -46,630
  908 Other interest....................................    -20,757     -15,084     -11,431      -7,618      -7,055      -5,488      -6,788      -8,798
  909 Other investment income...........................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........         -1
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...................................    194,016     199,380     198,724     202,937     232,148     241,054     243,986     241,122
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (214,238)   (223,017)   (225,512)   (232,141)   (265,453)   (277,561)   (285,200)   (287,752)
    (Off-budget)........................................   (-20,222)   (-23,637)   (-26,788)   (-29,203)   (-33,305)   (-36,507)   (-41,214)   (-46,630)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...    -30,402     -30,680     -28,186     -28,361     -27,961     -27,259     -27,773     -27,820
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..     -5,804      -6,101      -6,416      -6,409      -6,432      -6,278      -6,483      -7,052
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf     -3,150      -2,498      -2,785      -3,001      -2,418      -3,741      -4,711      -4,522
  954 Sale of major assets..............................  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........     -5,158
  959 Other undistributed offsetting receipts...........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........     -7,644        -342     -11,006      -2,642
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..............    -39,356     -39,280     -37,386     -37,772     -44,455     -37,620     -49,973     -47,194
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................   (-33,553)   (-33,179)   (-30,970)   (-31,362)   (-38,023)   (-31,342)   (-43,490)   (-40,142)
    (Off-budget)........................................    (-5,804)    (-6,101)    (-6,416)    (-6,409)    (-6,432)    (-6,278)    (-6,483)    (-7,052)
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total budget authority..................................  1,386,171   1,467,508   1,474,469   1,529,360   1,539,795   1,581,035   1,642,969   1,692,379
                                                         ===============================================================================================
    (On-budget).........................................  (1,140,364  (1,211,684  (1,205,343  (1,246,789  (1,249,170  (1,274,064  (1,327,786  (1,368,380
                                                                   )           )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    (Off-budget)........................................   (245,807)   (255,824)   (269,126)   (282,571)   (290,625)   (306,971)   (315,183)   (323,999)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 98]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Function and Subfunction                           1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004        2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities............................     11,895      12,161      13,763      17,219      18,108      19,727      20,561
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities....................      7,445       7,844       8,493       9,279       9,164       9,525      10,029
  753 Federal correctional activities...............................      3,299       3,667       4,304       4,615       5,256       5,609       5,834
  754 Criminal justice assistance...................................      5,423       3,752       5,351       5,943       7,076      10,814       4,150
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice..................................     28,062      27,424      31,911      37,056      39,604      45,675      40,574
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.........................................      2,344       2,237       2,717       2,926       3,144       3,166       3,270
  802 Executive direction and management............................        491         448         583         565         537         569         620
  803 Central fiscal operations.....................................      9,740       8,468       9,332       9,828      11,693       9,904      10,172
  804 General property and records management.......................        529         -67         503         536         914         814         635
  805 Central personnel management..................................        154         161         170         180         212         207         237
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.............................      2,033       2,058       2,473       2,555       7,676       7,702       3,419
  808 Other general government......................................      2,297       2,118       2,084       2,164       2,782       2,506       1,369
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts............................       -884      -2,383      -1,754        -812      -1,745      -1,068      -2,841
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.........................................     16,704      13,040      16,108      17,942      25,213      23,800      16,881
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)..................    353,463     361,925     359,476     332,537     318,141     321,679     352,345
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds....................    -66,520     -69,290     -75,302     -76,494     -72,523     -67,761     -69,153
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds...................    -52,071     -59,796     -68,811     -76,820     -83,545     -86,228     -91,836
  908 Other interest................................................     -5,114      -9,886      -9,197      -8,276      -6,463      -4,541      -3,957
  909 Other investment income.......................................         -1          -2          -2   ..........     -2,460      -2,972      -3,425
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...............................................    229,757     222,951     206,164     170,947     153,150     160,177     183,974
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................   (281,828)   (282,747)   (274,975)   (247,767)   (236,695)   (246,405)   (275,810)
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (-52,071)   (-59,796)   (-68,811)   (-76,820)   (-83,545)   (-86,228)   (-91,836)
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...............    -28,209     -30,214     -30,883     -33,489     -39,751     -42,100     -47,977
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..............     -7,385      -7,637      -7,910      -8,878      -9,602     -11,331     -10,941
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf............     -3,098      -4,580      -7,194      -5,024      -5,029      -5,106      -6,146
  959 Other undistributed offsetting receipts.......................     -1,753        -150      -1,024          -1   ..........  ..........       -160
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................    -40,445     -42,581     -47,011     -47,392     -54,382     -58,537     -65,224
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................   (-33,060)   (-34,944)   (-39,101)   (-38,514)   (-44,780)   (-47,206)   (-54,283)
    (Off-budget)....................................................    (-7,385)    (-7,637)    (-7,910)    (-8,878)    (-9,602)   (-11,331)   (-10,941)
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total budget authority..............................................  1,776,853   1,825,136   1,959,215   2,090,271   2,266,275   2,408,340   2,582,889
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................  (1,450,434  (1,490,087  (1,603,202  (1,724,946  (1,890,756  (2,022,143  (2,169,531
                                                                               )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (326,419)   (335,049)   (356,013)   (365,325)   (375,519)   (386,197)   (413,358)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 99]]


                                      Table 5.1--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                      Function and Subfunction                           2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
750 Administration of justice:
  751 Federal law enforcement activities............................     21,826      23,761      25,543      25,122      25,487      26,096      26,593
  752 Federal litigative and judicial activities....................     10,914      10,305      11,439      11,551      11,367      11,644      11,759
  753 Federal correctional activities...............................      6,093       6,044       6,664       6,533       6,511       6,664       6,721
  754 Criminal justice assistance...................................      3,836       3,694       2,430       2,357       2,365       2,408       2,428
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Administration of justice..................................     42,669      43,804      46,076      45,563      45,730      46,812      47,501
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
800 General government:
  801 Legislative functions.........................................      3,428       3,309       3,840       3,780       3,757       3,850       3,883
  802 Executive direction and management............................        530         529         568         560         560         571         577
  803 Central fiscal operations.....................................     10,677      10,735      11,414      11,519      11,695      11,972      12,061
  804 General property and records management.......................      1,098         170         788         773         773         789         800
  805 Central personnel management..................................        210         203         194         191         191         194         195
  806 General purpose fiscal assistance.............................      3,930       3,577       3,490       7,404       3,757       4,222       3,945
  808 Other general government......................................      1,186       1,432       1,497       1,513       1,516       1,528       1,548
  809 Deductions for offsetting receipts............................     -1,359      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383      -1,383
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, General government.........................................     19,700      18,572      20,408      24,357      20,866      21,743      21,626
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
900 Net interest:
  901 Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)..................    405,866     433,004     469,919     497,998     523,212     545,365     565,242
  902 Interest received by on-budget trust funds....................    -71,574     -75,067     -77,827     -80,732     -84,437     -87,609     -89,725
  903 Interest received by off-budget trust funds...................    -97,722    -106,249    -114,618    -124,802    -136,492    -149,278    -162,126
  908 Other interest................................................     -7,306     -10,123     -14,752     -16,818     -19,925     -23,311     -26,989
  909 Other investment income.......................................     -2,661      -2,412      -1,446      -1,490      -1,511      -1,486      -1,464
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Net interest...............................................    226,603     239,153     261,276     274,156     280,847     283,681     284,938
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................   (324,325)   (345,402)   (375,894)   (398,958)   (417,339)   (432,959)   (447,064)
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (-97,722)  (-106,249)  (-114,618)  (-124,802)  (-136,492)  (-149,278)  (-162,126)
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
920 Allowances:
  922 To reflect 2007 Admininstration policy request................  ..........     13,130   ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
  925 Debt collection initiatives...................................  ..........  ..........       -284        -287        -296        -304        -312
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Allowances.................................................  ..........     13,130        -284        -287        -296        -304        -312
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:
  951 Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)...............    -49,231     -48,845     -51,653     -55,023     -58,426     -62,149     -65,614
  952 Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget)..............    -11,625     -12,289     -13,108     -13,848     -14,739     -15,788     -16,560
  953 Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf............     -7,283      -6,810      -9,194      -9,978      -9,012      -9,617      -9,384
  954 Sale of major assets..........................................  ..........  ..........  ..........       -323   ..........  ..........  ..........
  959 Other undistributed offsetting receipts.......................       -111     -13,880     -12,302      -9,567        -654      -1,656        -831
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, Undistributed offsetting receipts..........................    -68,250     -81,824     -86,257     -88,739     -82,831     -89,210     -92,389
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................   (-56,625)   (-69,535)   (-73,149)   (-74,891)   (-68,092)   (-73,422)   (-75,829)
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (-11,625)   (-12,289)   (-13,108)   (-13,848)   (-14,739)   (-15,788)   (-16,560)
                                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total budget authority..............................................  2,841,652   2,799,382   2,941,121   2,974,305   3,048,821   3,178,374   3,293,902
                                                                     ===================================================================================
    (On-budget).....................................................  (2,411,147  (2,339,739  (2,470,466  (2,485,524  (2,536,985  (2,643,569  (2,702,791
                                                                               )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    (Off-budget)....................................................   (430,505)   (459,643)   (470,655)   (488,781)   (511,836)   (534,805)   (591,111)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 100]]

 
     Table 5.2--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980         1981         1982
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................         936          226        1,057        1,087        1,131        1,318        1,251        1,414
The Judiciary...................................         346           87          431          459          521          609          656          733
Agriculture.....................................      20,690        4,233       21,841       26,659       37,250       39,559       47,410       57,400
Commerce........................................       1,732          357        7,814        1,892        2,086        2,610        2,072        1,834
Defense--Military...............................      95,503       22,925      107,906      114,531      123,595      140,651      176,100      211,486
Education.......................................       9,314        3,227       10,568       11,625       13,996       15,209       16,752       15,374
Energy..........................................       4,970        1,315        7,021       10,467        9,805       10,767       11,241       12,485
Health and Human Services.......................      40,368       10,154       47,035       51,891       59,726       70,002       80,788       86,307
Homeland Security...............................       2,423          621        2,881        3,314        3,969        4,424        3,971        4,563
Housing and Urban Development...................      29,200          400       33,818       37,994       31,142       35,852       34,220       20,911
Interior........................................       2,733        1,036        3,741        4,639        4,766        4,674        4,403        3,805
Justice.........................................       2,066          537        2,204        2,212        2,317        2,261        2,096        2,310
Labor...........................................      22,933        4,025       31,194       16,826       24,715       29,846       30,999       32,084
State...........................................       1,251          476        1,530        1,798        2,075        2,411        2,583        2,774
Transportation..................................       9,977        4,847        8,456       12,611       16,370       18,245       23,486       21,214
Treasury........................................      45,880       10,806       49,491       56,370       63,622       89,463       91,193      110,329
Veterans Affairs................................      19,653        4,524       19,043       19,013       20,471       21,177       23,136       24,948
Corps of Engineers..............................       2,177          655        2,479        2,781        2,780        3,247        3,089        2,988
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................       7,390        1,956        8,273        9,213       10,319       12,020       13,898       15,043
Environmental Protection Agency.................         772          189        2,764        5,499        5,403        4,669        3,026        3,674
Executive Office of the President...............          70           18           79           79           83          102          104           94
General Services Administration.................         251           41          312          137          333          716        1,121          623
International Assistance Programs...............      10,907         -736        5,334        8,737        7,272       12,678       16,514       11,031
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...       3,552          932        3,876        4,244        4,743        5,350        5,634        6,200
National Science Foundation.....................         717          169          783          868          914          991        1,031        1,006
Office of Personnel Management..................       8,870        2,406       10,255       11,631       13,314       15,711       18,595       20,810
Small Business Administration...................         621           31        1,068        3,555        2,081        2,145        1,355          748
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......       6,044        1,506        6,612        5,991        6,266        7,144        7,899        8,613
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....      74,019       20,019       84,909       93,712      104,233      119,278      140,404      156,238
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........      17,692        4,105        8,692        8,981       10,957       28,922       17,122       11,647
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -22,186       -4,477      -23,018      -24,250      -27,428      -31,988      -41,852      -42,165
  (On-budget)...................................    (-18,411)     (-4,135)    (-19,390)    (-20,788)    (-24,089)    (-28,445)    (-38,134)    (-38,448)
  (Off-budget)..................................     (-3,775)       (-342)     (-3,627)     (-3,463)     (-3,338)     (-3,543)     (-3,718)     (-3,717)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority....................     420,870       96,610      468,450      504,565      558,829      670,062      740,300      806,522
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 101]]


                                               Table 5.2--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1983         1984         1985         1986         1987         1988         1989         1990
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................       1,687        1,770        1,705        1,722        1,875        2,127        2,254        2,255
The Judiciary...................................         823          904        1,055        1,045        1,273        1,344        1,481        1,752
Agriculture.....................................      69,831       46,734       61,823       59,154       52,421       55,135       55,629       55,216
Commerce........................................       1,923        2,016        2,309        1,980        2,155        2,450        2,807        3,684
Defense--Military...............................     238,834      258,111      286,794      281,400      279,420      283,711      290,790      292,946
Education.......................................      15,267       15,336       18,952       17,750       19,476       20,098       22,819       24,549
Energy..........................................      11,892       10,952       12,617       10,558       10,124       11,162       11,696       13,983
Health and Human Services.......................      91,478      103,716      113,982      123,593      133,446      142,400      155,171      184,689
Homeland Security...............................       4,981        5,231        5,056        5,139        5,927        6,152        7,110        7,305
Housing and Urban Development...................      16,561       18,148       31,398       15,928       14,657       14,949       14,347       17,315
Interior........................................       4,952        4,912        5,011        4,584        5,274        5,241        5,477        6,681
Justice.........................................       2,679        3,096        3,412        3,446        4,508        4,818        5,814        7,891
Labor...........................................      38,286       32,013       23,873       24,589       23,958       23,070       23,927       27,378
State...........................................       2,952        3,200        3,809        4,316        4,036        4,164        4,463        4,733
Transportation..................................      23,855       25,821       26,234       25,779       23,535       24,639       25,483       26,971
Treasury........................................     116,212      140,454      164,829      178,403      180,058      202,114      230,805      257,624
Veterans Affairs................................      25,324       26,477       27,298       27,075       27,363       29,432       29,893       30,461
Corps of Engineers..............................       3,406        2,674        2,883        2,722        3,121        3,226        3,215        3,165
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................      16,218       16,587       17,270       17,519       18,035       19,122       20,356       21,804
Environmental Protection Agency.................       3,688        4,064        4,346        3,446        5,344        4,968        5,081        5,380
Executive Office of the President...............         102          110          117          109          119          126          131          179
General Services Administration.................         812          641          738          780          580          245           33        2,871
International Assistance Programs...............       6,589       18,945       20,363       10,708       13,001       11,655       10,951       12,408
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...       7,065        7,458        7,573        7,807       10,923        9,062       10,969       12,324
National Science Foundation.....................       1,104        1,328        1,505        1,472        1,639        1,737        1,938        2,100
Office of Personnel Management..................      22,302       23,530       24,616       26,294       27,299       30,164       32,163       35,224
Small Business Administration...................       1,278          971        1,254          714          604          418          421          928
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......      30,451       17,831       19,968       15,931       16,412       18,330       18,628       17,425
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....     150,984      171,710      184,648      191,782      203,462      216,285      228,432      246,875
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........       9,183       10,102       10,092       11,496       12,995       20,875       61,162       56,034
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........         200          919        1,430        1,788        2,294          941        1,610        3,083
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -51,078      -52,329      -58,656      -65,036      -72,262      -78,789      -89,074      -98,930
  (On-budget)...................................    (-47,455)    (-46,975)    (-52,029)    (-57,850)    (-63,672)    (-66,992)    (-72,822)    (-77,371)
  (Off-budget)..................................     (-3,623)     (-5,354)     (-6,627)     (-7,186)     (-8,590)    (-11,798)    (-16,252)    (-21,558)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority....................     869,841      923,432    1,028,304    1,013,994    1,033,074    1,091,374    1,195,980    1,286,301
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 102]]


                                               Table 5.2--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1991         1992         1993         1994         1995         1996         1997         1998
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................       2,498        2,641        2,630        2,617        2,699        2,466        2,557        2,648
The Judiciary...................................       2,118        2,445        2,613        2,832        2,998        3,174        3,386        3,543
Agriculture.....................................      59,959       66,171       67,738       65,465       58,446       58,603       60,739       58,145
Commerce........................................       2,649        3,023        3,159        3,811        4,025        3,612        3,759        4,101
Defense--Military...............................     275,682      281,831      267,336      251,296      255,661      254,530      257,946      258,263
Education.......................................      27,360       28,685       31,324       26,881       32,245       29,097       33,519       35,298
Energy..........................................      16,102       17,197       17,712       17,159       15,019       14,128       14,073       14,371
Health and Human Services.......................     201,488      251,450      257,716      307,714      301,988      318,447      353,663      359,324
Homeland Security...............................       6,582       11,172        9,097       12,489       11,453       11,669       13,197       11,248
Housing and Urban Development...................      27,634       24,966       26,468       26,322       19,800       20,821       16,091       20,976
Interior........................................       6,863        7,087        6,859        7,460        7,519        7,211        7,411        8,153
Justice.........................................       8,371        9,326        9,841        9,519       11,985       13,964       15,797       16,597
Labor...........................................      36,235       48,887       47,692       39,004       32,924       34,099       32,860       33,757
State...........................................       5,276        6,187        6,589        7,064        6,145        5,861        5,988        6,078
Transportation..................................      27,545       32,761       36,399       38,662       34,382       32,012       36,382       40,412
Treasury........................................     276,507      293,653      298,460      307,278      351,716      363,821      377,902      391,354
Veterans Affairs................................      33,152       33,933       36,019       36,827       38,051       38,714       39,904       42,745
Corps of Engineers..............................       3,281        3,667        3,852        3,925        3,344        3,336        4,157        4,145
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................      23,406       24,796       26,083       27,052       28,077       29,099       30,349       31,333
Environmental Protection Agency.................       6,004        6,461        6,737        6,436        5,710        6,268        6,478        7,022
Executive Office of the President...............         185          203          237          237          184          204          217          246
General Services Administration.................       1,902          304          537          546           81           77          374            1
International Assistance Programs...............      15,728       13,437       24,660        9,544       14,907       10,178        8,463        7,107
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...      14,016       14,317       14,310       14,570       13,854       13,886       13,711       13,637
National Science Foundation.....................       2,333        2,591        2,756        3,055        3,258        3,243        3,308        3,476
Office of Personnel Management..................      36,782       35,765       39,345       40,380       42,923       43,814       44,847       47,352
Small Business Administration...................         464        1,891        1,177        2,058          792        1,089          838          243
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......      20,576       23,986       28,081       32,376       32,551       30,349       34,413       36,022
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....     268,532      283,365      300,090      315,451      327,808      346,315      359,155      371,322
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........      83,645       50,223       16,425       32,066       14,328       12,504       12,729       18,136
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........       3,301        2,198        2,239        2,732        2,554        3,441        3,725        6,359
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............    -110,005     -117,111     -119,711     -123,469     -137,632     -134,997     -154,969     -161,035
  (On-budget)...................................    (-83,979)    (-87,372)    (-86,507)    (-87,857)    (-97,895)    (-92,212)   (-107,272)   (-107,353)
  (Off-budget)..................................    (-26,026)    (-29,739)    (-33,203)    (-35,612)    (-39,737)    (-42,785)    (-47,697)    (-53,682)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority....................   1,386,171    1,467,508    1,474,469    1,529,360    1,539,795    1,581,035    1,642,969    1,692,379
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 103]]


                                               Table 5.2--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Department or other unit                        1999         2000         2001         2002         2003         2004         2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...........................................       2,963        2,821        3,226        3,630        3,845        3,952        4,059
The Judiciary................................................       3,807        4,067        4,459        4,970        5,168        5,440        5,726
Agriculture..................................................      67,569       75,171       73,094       71,218       78,764       93,050       95,048
Commerce.....................................................       5,432        8,734        5,168        5,546        5,801        5,878        6,478
Defense--Military............................................     278,418      290,338      318,678      344,904      439,373      471,810      483,864
Education....................................................      33,643       31,817       39,734       55,838       63,001       67,161       74,476
Energy.......................................................      16,353       15,291       17,666       18,447       20,552       21,989       21,093
Health and Human Services....................................     364,999      392,151      434,480      478,283      515,499      556,317      591,458
Homeland Security............................................      13,049       13,847       16,460       30,583       30,851       31,664      100,705
Housing and Urban Development................................      26,303       24,277       32,296       34,481       34,371       35,077       35,029
Interior.....................................................       8,107        8,376        9,604       10,775       10,432       10,144       10,557
Justice......................................................      17,138       15,751       19,196       21,381       22,934       28,092       21,772
Labor........................................................      35,763       31,258       44,437       65,209       69,074       56,923       47,155
State........................................................       8,917        8,114        8,373        9,892       10,355       11,953       14,596
Transportation...............................................      46,207       49,965       61,570       60,336       54,415       60,854       64,543
Treasury.....................................................     386,882      391,661      389,999      371,211      369,142      376,963      411,700
Veterans Affairs.............................................      44,100       45,493       47,442       51,928       58,993       60,308       68,918
Corps of Engineers...........................................       3,797        4,028        4,619        4,730        4,771        4,554        5,494
Other Defense--Civil Programs................................      32,106       32,987       34,372       35,404       39,950       41,850       43,718
Environmental Protection Agency..............................       7,243        7,313        7,601        7,841        7,925        8,390        7,959
Executive Office of the President............................         428          272        3,826          330        2,568       18,804          369
General Services Administration..............................         233         -304          161          237        1,348           21          297
International Assistance Programs............................      27,438       14,059       11,405       14,441       18,465       15,621       18,264
National Aeronautics and Space Administration................      13,627       13,588       14,257       14,868       15,449       15,342       16,187
National Science Foundation..................................       3,739        4,000        4,547        4,917        5,426        5,613        5,596
Office of Personnel Management...............................      48,710       50,463       53,144       55,306       57,316       59,932       63,076
Small Business Administration................................         342          100          -68          604        1,625        4,222        3,345
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...................      39,797       45,112       43,259       43,913       46,157       49,939       54,777
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..................     380,268      398,770      428,670      447,952      463,280      481,699      515,130
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).......................      12,905       14,923       14,601       18,732       14,489       15,247       16,708
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)......................       5,607        3,712        4,064        3,071        5,386        2,057        1,005
Undistributed offsetting receipts............................    -159,037     -173,019     -191,125     -200,707     -210,450     -212,526     -226,213
  (On-budget)................................................    (-99,581)   (-105,586)   (-114,404)   (-115,009)   (-117,303)   (-114,967)   (-123,436)
  (Off-budget)...............................................    (-59,456)    (-67,433)    (-76,721)    (-85,698)    (-93,147)    (-97,559)   (-102,777)
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority.................................   1,776,853    1,825,136    1,959,215    2,090,271    2,266,275    2,408,340    2,582,889
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 104]]


                                               Table 5.2--BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                2007         2008         2009         2010         2011         2012
                   Department or other unit                        2006       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...........................................       4,246        4,171        4,820        4,757        4,737        4,849        4,897
The Judiciary................................................       5,993        5,909        6,720        6,606        6,599        6,769        6,836
Agriculture..................................................      97,340       87,767       90,942       92,500       94,739       97,447      100,048
Commerce.....................................................       6,639        7,868        6,686        7,835       11,578        6,794        6,695
Defense--Military............................................     593,804      600,271      624,638      562,927      523,318      529,421      538,475
Education....................................................     100,080       65,873       62,587       64,749       65,895       66,118       67,715
Energy.......................................................      21,089       20,544       21,644       21,589       22,252       23,057       23,600
Health and Human Services....................................     684,595      643,314      699,023      736,092      778,606      842,044      867,393
Homeland Security............................................      32,358       37,583       34,592       36,348       34,857       35,815       36,666
Housing and Urban Development................................      52,405       33,746       36,150       36,964       37,019       37,715       37,997
Interior.....................................................       9,967        9,720       10,122       13,264        9,962       10,566       10,060
Justice......................................................      23,052       22,760       23,270       23,206       23,087       23,643       23,935
Labor........................................................      45,896       46,698       50,388       48,844       50,760       52,883       54,531
State........................................................      15,447       14,524       18,672       16,716       16,891       17,076       17,256
Transportation...............................................      64,444       65,599       67,352       62,743       62,874       63,042       63,112
Treasury.....................................................     466,588      491,949      525,888      556,444      585,251      607,150      624,107
Veterans Affairs.............................................      70,967       74,450       84,360       86,545       89,327       93,191       96,617
Corps of Engineers...........................................      11,944        4,692        4,849        4,772        4,765        4,882        4,925
Other Defense--Civil Programs................................      44,673       47,762       49,209       50,571       51,551       52,682       52,942
Environmental Protection Agency..............................       7,583        7,467        7,103        6,992        6,969        7,132        7,203
Executive Office of the President............................         341          389          340          336          336          342          346
General Services Administration..............................         722         -173          402          392          393          400          408
International Assistance Programs............................      18,722       18,622       18,751       18,633       18,875       19,107       19,342
National Aeronautics and Space Administration................      16,570       16,182       17,296       17,600       18,017       18,454       18,891
National Science Foundation..................................       5,722        5,749        6,553        7,022        7,505        8,024        8,590
Office of Personnel Management...............................      66,756       62,191       66,844       69,460       71,923       75,368       76,813
Small Business Administration................................       1,755          398          481          464          462          470          474
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...................      53,360       56,388       60,905       65,772       69,625       78,342       76,278
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..................     536,159      569,891      594,659      625,547      661,554      697,775      768,759
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).......................      16,290       17,801       21,139       21,291       21,637       22,121       22,505
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)......................       3,693        8,290        3,722        1,884        1,513        2,096        1,038
Allowances...................................................  ...........      14,127         -284         -287         -296         -304         -312
Undistributed offsetting receipts............................    -237,548     -263,140     -278,702     -294,273     -303,760     -326,097     -344,240
  (On-budget)................................................   (-128,201)   (-144,602)   (-150,976)   (-155,623)   (-152,529)   (-161,031)   (-165,554)
  (Off-budget)...............................................   (-109,347)   (-118,538)   (-127,726)   (-138,650)   (-151,231)   (-165,066)   (-178,686)
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority.................................   2,841,652    2,799,382    2,941,121    2,974,305    3,048,821    3,178,374    3,293,902
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 105]]

 
   Table 5.3--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980         1981         1982
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
The Judiciary...................................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1
Agriculture.....................................         4.9          4.4          4.7          5.3          6.7          5.9          6.4          7.1
Commerce........................................         0.4          0.4          1.7          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.2
Defense--Military...............................        22.7         23.7         23.0         22.7         22.1         21.0         23.8         26.2
Education.......................................         2.2          3.3          2.3          2.3          2.5          2.3          2.3          1.9
Energy..........................................         1.2          1.4          1.5          2.1          1.8          1.6          1.5          1.5
Health and Human Services.......................         9.6         10.5         10.0         10.3         10.7         10.4         10.9         10.7
Homeland Security...............................         0.6          0.6          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.5          0.6
Housing and Urban Development...................         6.9          0.4          7.2          7.5          5.6          5.4          4.6          2.6
Interior........................................         0.6          1.1          0.8          0.9          0.9          0.7          0.6          0.5
Justice.........................................         0.5          0.6          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3
Labor...........................................         5.4          4.2          6.7          3.3          4.4          4.5          4.2          4.0
State...........................................         0.3          0.5          0.3          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.3
Transportation..................................         2.4          5.0          1.8          2.5          2.9          2.7          3.2          2.6
Treasury........................................        10.9         11.2         10.6         11.2         11.4         13.4         12.3         13.7
Veterans Affairs................................         4.7          4.7          4.1          3.8          3.7          3.2          3.1          3.1
Corps of Engineers..............................         0.5          0.7          0.5          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.4
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................         1.8          2.0          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.9          1.9
Environmental Protection Agency.................         0.2          0.2          0.6          1.1          1.0          0.7          0.4          0.5
Executive Office of the President...............           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration.................         0.1            *          0.1            *          0.1          0.1          0.2          0.1
International Assistance Programs...............         2.6         -0.8          1.1          1.7          1.3          1.9          2.2          1.4
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...         0.8          1.0          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8
National Science Foundation.....................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.1          0.1          0.1
Office of Personnel Management..................         2.1          2.5          2.2          2.3          2.4          2.3          2.5          2.6
Small Business Administration...................         0.1            *          0.2          0.7          0.4          0.3          0.2          0.1
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......         1.4          1.6          1.4          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.1
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....        17.6         20.7         18.1         18.6         18.7         17.8         19.0         19.4
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         4.2          4.2          1.9          1.8          2.0          4.3          2.3          1.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.3         -4.6         -4.9         -4.8         -4.9         -4.8         -5.7         -5.2
  (On-budget)...................................       (-4.4)       (-4.3)       (-4.1)       (-4.1)       (-4.3)       (-4.2)       (-5.2)       (-4.8)
  (Off-budget)..................................       (-0.9)       (-0.4)       (-0.8)       (-0.7)       (-0.6)       (-0.5)       (-0.5)       (-0.5)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority....................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.



[[Page 106]]


    Table 5.3--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1983         1984         1985         1986         1987         1988         1989         1990
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
The Judiciary...................................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1
Agriculture.....................................         8.0          5.1          6.0          5.8          5.1          5.1          4.7          4.3
Commerce........................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.3
Defense--Military...............................        27.5         28.0         27.9         27.8         27.0         26.0         24.3         22.8
Education.......................................         1.8          1.7          1.8          1.8          1.9          1.8          1.9          1.9
Energy..........................................         1.4          1.2          1.2          1.0          1.0          1.0          1.0          1.1
Health and Human Services.......................        10.5         11.2         11.1         12.2         12.9         13.0         13.0         14.4
Homeland Security...............................         0.6          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6
Housing and Urban Development...................         1.9          2.0          3.1          1.6          1.4          1.4          1.2          1.3
Interior........................................         0.6          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5
Justice.........................................         0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.4          0.4          0.5          0.6
Labor...........................................         4.4          3.5          2.3          2.4          2.3          2.1          2.0          2.1
State...........................................         0.3          0.3          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
Transportation..................................         2.7          2.8          2.6          2.5          2.3          2.3          2.1          2.1
Treasury........................................        13.4         15.2         16.0         17.6         17.4         18.5         19.3         20.0
Veterans Affairs................................         2.9          2.9          2.7          2.7          2.6          2.7          2.5          2.4
Corps of Engineers..............................         0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.2
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................         1.9          1.8          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.8          1.7          1.7
Environmental Protection Agency.................         0.4          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.4
Executive Office of the President...............           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration.................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1            *            *          0.2
International Assistance Programs...............         0.8          2.1          2.0          1.1          1.3          1.1          0.9          1.0
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...         0.8          0.8          0.7          0.8          1.1          0.8          0.9          1.0
National Science Foundation.....................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Office of Personnel Management..................         2.6          2.5          2.4          2.6          2.6          2.8          2.7          2.7
Small Business Administration...................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1            *            *          0.1
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......         3.5          1.9          1.9          1.6          1.6          1.7          1.6          1.4
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....        17.4         18.6         18.0         18.9         19.7         19.8         19.1         19.2
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         1.1          1.1          1.0          1.1          1.3          1.9          5.1          4.4
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........           *          0.1          0.1          0.2          0.2          0.1          0.1          0.2
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.9         -5.7         -5.7         -6.4         -7.0         -7.2         -7.4         -7.7
  (On-budget)...................................       (-5.5)       (-5.1)       (-5.1)       (-5.7)       (-6.2)       (-6.1)       (-6.1)       (-6.0)
  (Off-budget)..................................       (-0.4)       (-0.6)       (-0.6)       (-0.7)       (-0.8)       (-1.1)       (-1.4)       (-1.7)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority....................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 107]]


                                 Table 5.3--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1991         1992         1993         1994         1995         1996         1997         1998
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
The Judiciary...................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Agriculture.....................................         4.3          4.5          4.6          4.3          3.8          3.7          3.7          3.4
Commerce........................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.3          0.2          0.2          0.2
Defense--Military...............................        19.9         19.2         18.1         16.4         16.6         16.1         15.7         15.3
Education.......................................         2.0          2.0          2.1          1.8          2.1          1.8          2.0          2.1
Energy..........................................         1.2          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.8
Health and Human Services.......................        14.5         17.1         17.5         20.1         19.6         20.1         21.5         21.2
Homeland Security...............................         0.5          0.8          0.6          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.8          0.7
Housing and Urban Development...................         2.0          1.7          1.8          1.7          1.3          1.3          1.0          1.2
Interior........................................         0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5
Justice.........................................         0.6          0.6          0.7          0.6          0.8          0.9          1.0          1.0
Labor...........................................         2.6          3.3          3.2          2.6          2.1          2.2          2.0          2.0
State...........................................         0.4          0.4          0.4          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
Transportation..................................         2.0          2.2          2.5          2.5          2.2          2.0          2.2          2.4
Treasury........................................        19.9         20.0         20.2         20.1         22.8         23.0         23.0         23.1
Veterans Affairs................................         2.4          2.3          2.4          2.4          2.5          2.4          2.4          2.5
Corps of Engineers..............................         0.2          0.2          0.3          0.3          0.2          0.2          0.3          0.2
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................         1.7          1.7          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.9
Environmental Protection Agency.................         0.4          0.4          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
Executive Office of the President...............           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration.................         0.1            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
International Assistance Programs...............         1.1          0.9          1.7          0.6          1.0          0.6          0.5          0.4
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...         1.0          1.0          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.8          0.8
National Science Foundation.....................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Office of Personnel Management..................         2.7          2.4          2.7          2.6          2.8          2.8          2.7          2.8
Small Business Administration...................           *          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1            *
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......         1.5          1.6          1.9          2.1          2.1          1.9          2.1          2.1
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....        19.4         19.3         20.4         20.6         21.3         21.9         21.9         21.9
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         6.0          3.4          1.1          2.1          0.9          0.8          0.8          1.1
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget).........         0.2          0.1          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.4
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -7.9         -8.0         -8.1         -8.1         -8.9         -8.5         -9.4         -9.5
  (On-budget)...................................       (-6.1)       (-6.0)       (-5.9)       (-5.7)       (-6.4)       (-5.8)       (-6.5)       (-6.3)
  (Off-budget)..................................       (-1.9)       (-2.0)       (-2.3)       (-2.3)       (-2.6)       (-2.7)       (-2.9)       (-3.2)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority....................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 108]]


                                 Table 5.3--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Department or other unit                        1999         2000         2001         2002         2003         2004         2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...........................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
The Judiciary................................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Agriculture..................................................         3.8          4.1          3.7          3.4          3.5          3.9          3.7
Commerce.....................................................         0.3          0.5          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.2          0.3
Defense--Military............................................        15.7         15.9         16.3         16.5         19.4         19.6         18.7
Education....................................................         1.9          1.7          2.0          2.7          2.8          2.8          2.9
Energy.......................................................         0.9          0.8          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.8
Health and Human Services....................................        20.5         21.5         22.2         22.9         22.7         23.1         22.9
Homeland Security............................................         0.7          0.8          0.8          1.5          1.4          1.3          3.9
Housing and Urban Development................................         1.5          1.3          1.6          1.6          1.5          1.5          1.4
Interior.....................................................         0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.4
Justice......................................................         1.0          0.9          1.0          1.0          1.0          1.2          0.8
Labor........................................................         2.0          1.7          2.3          3.1          3.0          2.4          1.8
State........................................................         0.5          0.4          0.4          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.6
Transportation...............................................         2.6          2.7          3.1          2.9          2.4          2.5          2.5
Treasury.....................................................        21.8         21.5         19.9         17.8         16.3         15.7         15.9
Veterans Affairs.............................................         2.5          2.5          2.4          2.5          2.6          2.5          2.7
Corps of Engineers...........................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Other Defense--Civil Programs................................         1.8          1.8          1.8          1.7          1.8          1.7          1.7
Environmental Protection Agency..............................         0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3
Executive Office of the President............................           *            *          0.2            *          0.1          0.8            *
General Services Administration..............................           *           -*            *            *          0.1            *            *
International Assistance Programs............................         1.5          0.8          0.6          0.7          0.8          0.6          0.7
National Aeronautics and Space Administration................         0.8          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6
National Science Foundation..................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Office of Personnel Management...............................         2.7          2.8          2.7          2.6          2.5          2.5          2.4
Small Business Administration................................           *            *           -*            *          0.1          0.2          0.1
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...................         2.2          2.5          2.2          2.1          2.0          2.1          2.1
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..................        21.4         21.8         21.9         21.4         20.4         20.0         19.9
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).......................         0.7          0.8          0.7          0.9          0.6          0.6          0.6
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)......................         0.3          0.2          0.2          0.1          0.2          0.1            *
Undistributed offsetting receipts............................        -9.0         -9.5         -9.8         -9.6         -9.3         -8.8         -8.8
  (On-budget)................................................       (-5.6)       (-5.8)       (-5.8)       (-5.5)       (-5.2)       (-4.8)       (-4.8)
  (Off-budget)...............................................       (-3.3)       (-3.7)       (-3.9)       (-4.1)       (-4.1)       (-4.1)       (-4.0)
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority.................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.


[[Page 109]]


                                 Table 5.3--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                2007         2008         2009         2010         2011         2012
                   Department or other unit                        2006       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch...........................................         0.1          0.1          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.1
The Judiciary................................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Agriculture..................................................         3.4          3.1          3.1          3.1          3.1          3.1          3.0
Commerce.....................................................         0.2          0.3          0.2          0.3          0.4          0.2          0.2
Defense--Military............................................        20.9         21.4         21.2         18.9         17.2         16.7         16.3
Education....................................................         3.5          2.4          2.1          2.2          2.2          2.1          2.1
Energy.......................................................         0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7
Health and Human Services....................................        24.1         23.0         23.8         24.7         25.5         26.5         26.3
Homeland Security............................................         1.1          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1
Housing and Urban Development................................         1.8          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.2
Interior.....................................................         0.4          0.3          0.3          0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3
Justice......................................................         0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7
Labor........................................................         1.6          1.7          1.7          1.6          1.7          1.7          1.7
State........................................................         0.5          0.5          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.5
Transportation...............................................         2.3          2.3          2.3          2.1          2.1          2.0          1.9
Treasury.....................................................        16.4         17.6         17.9         18.7         19.2         19.1         18.9
Veterans Affairs.............................................         2.5          2.7          2.9          2.9          2.9          2.9          2.9
Corps of Engineers...........................................         0.4          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.1
Other Defense--Civil Programs................................         1.6          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.6
Environmental Protection Agency..............................         0.3          0.3          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Executive Office of the President............................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration..............................           *           -*            *            *            *            *            *
International Assistance Programs............................         0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6
National Aeronautics and Space Administration................         0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6
National Science Foundation..................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.3          0.3
Office of Personnel Management...............................         2.3          2.2          2.3          2.3          2.4          2.4          2.3
Small Business Administration................................         0.1            *            *            *            *            *            *
Social Security Administration (On-budget)...................         1.9          2.0          2.1          2.2          2.3          2.5          2.3
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)..................        18.9         20.4         20.2         21.0         21.7         22.0         23.3
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).......................         0.6          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7
Other Independent Agencies (Off-budget)......................         0.1          0.3          0.1          0.1            *          0.1            *
Allowances...................................................  ...........         0.5           -*           -*           -*           -*           -*
Undistributed offsetting receipts............................        -8.4         -9.4         -9.5         -9.9        -10.0        -10.3        -10.5
  (On-budget)................................................       (-4.5)       (-5.2)       (-5.1)       (-5.2)       (-5.0)       (-5.1)       (-5.0)
  (Off-budget)...............................................       (-3.8)       (-4.2)       (-4.3)       (-4.7)       (-5.0)       (-5.2)       (-5.4)
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority.................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.



[[Page 110]]

 
   Table 5.4--DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980         1981         1982         1983
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................         934          226        1,055        1,077        1,114        1,297        1,226        1,379        1,634
The Judiciary..............................................................         346           87          429          453          514          600          647          723          811
Agriculture................................................................       4,527        1,026        5,246        5,781        6,132        6,693        7,504        6,955        8,008
Commerce...................................................................       1,737          358        7,820        1,897        2,092        2,619        2,080        1,840        1,984
Defense--Military..........................................................      95,740       22,965      108,146      114,688      124,052      141,346      176,598      212,203      238,854
Education..................................................................       8,249        3,015        9,674       10,097       11,650       11,717       11,409       10,689       11,265
Energy.....................................................................       5,260        1,400        7,653       11,274       10,867        6,778       13,437       12,985       12,638
Health and Human Services..................................................       8,005        1,664        9,048       10,274       11,023       13,640       14,206       13,896       14,697
Homeland Security..........................................................       2,094          529        2,479        3,000        3,133        3,977        3,665        4,229        4,399
Housing and Urban Development..............................................      21,551          167       33,057       37,320       30,218       33,326       31,543       18,839       15,802
Interior...................................................................       2,858        1,006        4,026        4,837        5,019        4,950        4,781        4,499        5,240
Justice....................................................................       2,049          532        2,183        2,192        2,291        2,234        2,063        2,278        2,643
Labor......................................................................       7,821        1,103       15,046        5,934       13,054       11,220       10,830        6,479        8,065
State......................................................................       1,191          456        1,471        1,725        1,982        2,282        2,449        2,631        2,789
Transportation.............................................................       4,627          783        4,229        4,880        7,201        8,367       11,260       11,197        8,972
Treasury...................................................................       4,316        1,903        3,793        4,480        3,157       16,289        2,032        3,202        3,614
Veterans Affairs...........................................................       4,920        1,213        5,600        6,237        6,743        7,026        7,568        8,464        9,508
Corps of Engineers.........................................................       2,177          659        2,481        2,778        2,782        3,249        3,093        2,990        3,412
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................          64           13           36           35           38           57           61           60           68
Environmental Protection Agency............................................         772          189        2,764        5,499        5,403        4,669        3,026        3,676        3,689
Executive Office of the President..........................................          70           18           79           78           83          101          104           93          102
General Services Administration............................................         282           55          339          168          361          326          394          306          445
International Assistance Programs..........................................       6,023          938        6,820        8,314       10,461        9,623       13,799       10,489       12,065
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................       3,552          932        3,876        4,244        4,743        5,350        5,634        6,200        7,065
National Science Foundation................................................         715          168          776          863          911          987        1,022          996        1,094
Office of Personnel Management.............................................         134           34          147          152          159          164          170          139          140
Small Business Administration..............................................         621           31        1,068        3,555        2,081        2,145        1,355          748        1,278
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................         485          126          526          573          603          658          719          780          846
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................       1,086          279        1,181        1,292        1,365        1,451        1,635        1,905        2,120
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................       5,563        2,707        5,769        6,243        6,780        8,096        6,649        4,697        5,035
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority.................................     197,766       44,583      246,817      259,940      276,016      311,237      340,959      355,567      388,278
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 111]]


                                                            Table 5.4--DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008--Continued
                                                                                    (in millions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1984         1985         1986         1987         1988         1989         1990         1991         1992
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................       1,629        1,550        1,580        1,748        1,776        1,840        1,987        2,218        2,337
The Judiciary..............................................................         891        1,040        1,031        1,260        1,330        1,349        1,584        1,911        2,207
Agriculture................................................................       8,234        9,095        8,537        8,785        9,096       10,103       10,881       11,699       15,376
Commerce...................................................................       2,048        2,323        2,111        2,194        2,465        2,769        3,638        2,690        3,082
Defense--Military..........................................................     258,622      287,090      281,980      280,079      284,334      291,435      293,784      319,660      286,359
Education..................................................................      12,046       14,057       13,388       15,538       16,235       17,138       18,738       21,184       22,869
Energy.....................................................................      12,667       14,104       11,797       11,544       12,982       13,425       16,011       18,070       19,024
Health and Human Services..................................................      15,555       16,601       16,495       18,132       19,349       20,710       22,941       26,657       28,747
Homeland Security..........................................................       4,764        4,714        4,724        5,338        5,393        6,975        7,373        6,480       11,157
Housing and Urban Development..............................................      16,702       17,026       14,889       12,870       12,700       12,399       14,454       23,301       22,838
Interior...................................................................       5,116        5,459        4,682        5,196        5,321        5,605        6,453        6,957        7,139
Justice....................................................................       3,058        3,309        3,341        4,378        4,686        5,447        7,458        7,337        8,253
Labor......................................................................      11,222        7,709        7,173        7,716        7,906        7,970        8,415        9,025       10,034
State......................................................................       3,025        3,636        4,110        3,841        3,909        4,176        4,417        4,947        5,832
Transportation.............................................................       8,091        8,598        7,425        7,483        7,614        8,174       10,036       10,310       11,209
Treasury...................................................................       3,894        4,457        4,376        4,429        5,685        5,851        6,152        6,716        7,328
Veterans Affairs...........................................................       9,927       10,764       10,716       11,282       11,611       12,331       13,005       14,087       15,260
Corps of Engineers.........................................................       2,681        2,891        2,726        3,126        3,247        3,236        3,182        3,302        3,656
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................          79           89           98          117           97          107          112          108          115
Environmental Protection Agency............................................       4,067        4,354        3,462        5,364        5,027        5,155        5,491        6,094        6,645
Executive Office of the President..........................................         110          116          108          119          126          131          179          184          202
General Services Administration............................................         344          370          387          198           37           69        2,173        1,942          300
International Assistance Programs..........................................      20,597       18,232       14,690       13,617       12,873       12,246       13,539       14,262       12,616
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................       7,458        7,573        7,807       10,923        9,061       10,872       12,222       14,015       14,316
National Science Foundation................................................       1,323        1,502        1,458        1,623        1,717        1,922        2,084        2,316        2,573
Office of Personnel Management.............................................         149          149          140          152          160          175          202          201          211
Small Business Administration..............................................         971        1,254          714          604          418          419          928          464        1,577
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................         905          939          985          972        1,119        1,090        1,090        1,415        1,321
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................       2,080        2,110        2,193        2,147        2,257        2,121        2,223        2,399        2,540
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................       5,393        5,481        4,778        4,988        4,719        5,839        5,955        6,148        6,269
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority.................................     423,645      456,592      437,903      445,764      453,251      471,081      496,704      546,099      531,392
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 112]]


                                        Table 5.4--DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1993         1994         1995         1996         1997         1998         1999         2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................       2,313        2,302        2,395        2,158        2,246        2,320        2,626        2,531
The Judiciary...................................       2,367        2,510        2,659        2,803        3,004        3,195        3,397        3,669
Agriculture.....................................      15,507       16,717       15,423       15,200       15,559       15,662       16,315       16,953
Commerce........................................       3,221        3,898        4,090        3,664        3,821        4,167        5,381        8,667
Defense--Military...............................     262,551      250,403      252,407      253,739      253,987      259,826      274,680      287,280
Education.......................................      23,853       24,709       24,664       21,698       26,637       29,752       28,766       29,362
Energy..........................................      19,253       18,718       17,164       16,407       16,521       16,793       17,759       17,745
Health and Human Services.......................      30,134       32,958       33,311       33,161       34,398       37,112       41,436       45,366
Homeland Security...............................       9,010       12,430       11,140       11,314       13,369       11,096       13,241       14,537
Housing and Urban Development...................      24,170       24,049       19,566       20,252       15,042       19,744       22,163       21,111
Interior........................................       7,047        7,506        7,226        7,057        7,327        8,064        7,964        8,462
Justice.........................................       8,676        8,729       11,289       13,333       14,800       15,681       16,217       16,117
Labor...........................................       9,954       10,630        9,378        9,366       10,250       10,705       10,979        8,761
State...........................................       6,194        6,662        5,742        5,431        5,530        5,584        8,323        7,776
Transportation..................................      10,430       11,396        8,083        9,523       10,361        9,648       10,448       10,416
Treasury........................................       7,691        7,976        8,127        7,930        7,735        8,614        9,372        9,241
Veterans Affairs................................      16,194       17,151       17,577       17,757       18,865       18,895       19,213       20,850
Corps of Engineers..............................       3,842        3,915        3,330        3,362        4,110        4,171        4,093        4,119
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................         120          117          114          114          113          131          135          134
Environmental Protection Agency.................       6,923        6,645        5,971        6,525        6,800        7,366        7,590        7,572
Executive Office of the President...............         237          236          184          204          217          246          428          272
General Services Administration.................         208          492           73           84          366         -131          298         -284
International Assistance Programs...............      24,512       11,459       11,840       10,695       10,598       11,385       30,956       13,628
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...      14,309       14,568       13,853       13,885       13,709       13,648       13,654       13,601
National Science Foundation.....................       2,734        3,018        3,227        3,219        3,271        3,431        3,675        3,912
Office of Personnel Management..................         242          233          218          193          194          191          188          198
Small Business Administration...................         925        1,894          792          815          854          716          830          892
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......       1,476        1,781        2,390        1,892        2,147        2,272        2,333        2,458
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....       2,640        2,828        2,325        3,135        3,451        3,195        3,144        3,195
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........       6,234        6,659        6,862        6,042        5,933        6,154        6,236        5,809
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority......     522,970      512,589      501,420      500,958      511,215      529,633      581,840      584,350
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 113]]


                                        Table 5.4--DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                    2007         2008
            Department or other unit                  2001         2002         2003         2004         2005         2006       estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................       2,849        3,311        3,553        3,580        3,689        3,865        3,749        4,387
The Judiciary...................................       3,991        4,422        4,628        4,837        5,090        5,358        5,340        6,100
Agriculture.....................................      19,237       20,144       22,400       21,510       22,460       22,531       19,908       20,226
Commerce........................................       5,097        5,442        5,641        5,775        6,371        6,626        5,628        6,554
Defense--Military...............................     316,289      344,407      437,495      468,475      478,911      534,514      598,579      622,847
Education.......................................      40,103       49,505       53,112       55,650       57,179       58,429       56,164       55,995
Energy..........................................      20,030       21,318       22,195       23,353       24,341       23,560       22,904       24,310
Health and Human Services.......................      54,152       61,098       65,825       69,151       69,445       74,804       69,136       69,330
Homeland Security...............................      16,048       30,003       30,759       30,344       96,574       14,876       37,420       34,511
Housing and Urban Development...................      28,357       31,419       30,092       32,034       33,503       51,147       34,669       35,201
Interior........................................      10,268       10,539       10,579       10,796       10,899       11,219       10,332       10,610
Justice.........................................      18,400       19,677       19,484       19,622       20,717       21,425       19,607       20,327
Labor...........................................      11,958       12,317       11,831       11,787       12,034       11,469       11,697       10,569
State...........................................       7,774        9,385        9,689       11,359       14,180       14,708       13,918       18,076
Transportation..................................      14,682       15,684       13,501       13,864       15,510       18,074       10,659       12,110
Treasury........................................      10,342       10,545       10,678       10,671       10,989       11,418       11,429       12,136
Veterans Affairs................................      22,375       23,940       26,506       29,113       32,167       34,075       33,171       39,418
Corps of Engineers..............................       4,687        4,649        4,699        4,563        5,450       11,926        4,719        4,871
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................         141          154          161          164          175          405          148          158
Environmental Protection Agency.................       7,835        8,080        8,084        8,368        8,029        7,640        7,494        7,200
Executive Office of the President...............       3,826          330        2,569       18,763          406          344          332          341
General Services Administration.................         198          260        1,329           64          340          755         -138          442
International Assistance Programs...............      12,590       13,649       18,675       16,796       18,180       18,756       19,571       19,457
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...      14,253       14,892       15,390       15,378       16,197       16,658       16,195       17,310
National Science Foundation.....................       4,431        4,823        5,323        5,590        5,482        5,590        5,626        6,430
Office of Personnel Management..................         206          229          239          269          278          284          231          235
Small Business Administration...................       1,000          912          761          787        1,539        2,234          443          463
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......       2,600        2,878        2,880        3,040        3,042        2,821        2,923        3,031
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....       3,430        3,504        3,798        4,133        4,436        4,595        4,642        4,866
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........       6,683        7,273        7,580        7,750        7,383        6,618        7,168        7,455
Allowances......................................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........      14,127   ...........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority......     663,832      734,789      849,456      907,586      984,996      996,724    1,047,791    1,074,966
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 114]]

 
   Table 5.5--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979         1980         1981         1982         1983
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................         0.5          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
The Judiciary..............................................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Agriculture................................................................         2.3          2.3          2.1          2.2          2.2          2.2          2.2          2.0          2.1
Commerce...................................................................         0.9          0.8          3.2          0.7          0.8          0.8          0.6          0.5          0.5
Defense--Military..........................................................        48.4         51.5         43.8         44.1         44.9         45.4         51.8         59.7         61.5
Education..................................................................         4.2          6.8          3.9          3.9          4.2          3.8          3.3          3.0          2.9
Energy.....................................................................         2.7          3.1          3.1          4.3          3.9          2.2          3.9          3.7          3.3
Health and Human Services..................................................         4.0          3.7          3.7          4.0          4.0          4.4          4.2          3.9          3.8
Homeland Security..........................................................         1.1          1.2          1.0          1.2          1.1          1.3          1.1          1.2          1.1
Housing and Urban Development..............................................        10.9          0.4         13.4         14.4         10.9         10.7          9.3          5.3          4.1
Interior...................................................................         1.4          2.3          1.6          1.9          1.8          1.6          1.4          1.3          1.3
Justice....................................................................         1.0          1.2          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.7
Labor......................................................................         4.0          2.5          6.1          2.3          4.7          3.6          3.2          1.8          2.1
State......................................................................         0.6          1.0          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7
Transportation.............................................................         2.3          1.8          1.7          1.9          2.6          2.7          3.3          3.1          2.3
Treasury...................................................................         2.2          4.3          1.5          1.7          1.1          5.2          0.6          0.9          0.9
Veterans Affairs...........................................................         2.5          2.7          2.3          2.4          2.4          2.3          2.2          2.4          2.4
Corps of Engineers.........................................................         1.1          1.5          1.0          1.1          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.9
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Environmental Protection Agency............................................         0.4          0.4          1.1          2.1          2.0          1.5          0.9          1.0          1.0
Executive Office of the President..........................................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration............................................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1
International Assistance Programs..........................................         3.0          2.1          2.8          3.2          3.8          3.1          4.0          3.0          3.1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................         1.8          2.1          1.6          1.6          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.8
National Science Foundation................................................         0.4          0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3
Office of Personnel Management.............................................         0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.1            *            *            *
Small Business Administration..............................................         0.3          0.1          0.4          1.4          0.8          0.7          0.4          0.2          0.3
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................         0.2          0.3          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................         0.5          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................         2.8          6.1          2.3          2.4          2.5          2.6          2.0          1.3          1.3
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority.................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote at end of table.


[[Page 115]]


                                              Table 5.5--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008--Continued
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Department or other unit                               1984         1985         1986         1987         1988         1989         1990         1991         1992
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch.........................................................         0.4          0.3          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
The Judiciary..............................................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.4
Agriculture................................................................         1.9          2.0          1.9          2.0          2.0          2.1          2.2          2.1          2.9
Commerce...................................................................         0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.6          0.7          0.5          0.6
Defense--Military..........................................................        61.0         62.9         64.4         62.8         62.7         61.9         59.1         58.5         53.9
Education..................................................................         2.8          3.1          3.1          3.5          3.6          3.6          3.8          3.9          4.3
Energy.....................................................................         3.0          3.1          2.7          2.6          2.9          2.8          3.2          3.3          3.6
Health and Human Services..................................................         3.7          3.6          3.8          4.1          4.3          4.4          4.6          4.9          5.4
Homeland Security..........................................................         1.1          1.0          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.5          1.5          1.2          2.1
Housing and Urban Development..............................................         3.9          3.7          3.4          2.9          2.8          2.6          2.9          4.3          4.3
Interior...................................................................         1.2          1.2          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3
Justice....................................................................         0.7          0.7          0.8          1.0          1.0          1.2          1.5          1.3          1.6
Labor......................................................................         2.6          1.7          1.6          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.9
State......................................................................         0.7          0.8          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          1.1
Transportation.............................................................         1.9          1.9          1.7          1.7          1.7          1.7          2.0          1.9          2.1
Treasury...................................................................         0.9          1.0          1.0          1.0          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.4
Veterans Affairs...........................................................         2.3          2.4          2.4          2.5          2.6          2.6          2.6          2.6          2.9
Corps of Engineers.........................................................         0.6          0.6          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.7
Other Defense--Civil Programs..............................................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Environmental Protection Agency............................................         1.0          1.0          0.8          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.3
Executive Office of the President..........................................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration............................................         0.1          0.1          0.1            *            *            *          0.4          0.4          0.1
International Assistance Programs..........................................         4.9          4.0          3.4          3.1          2.8          2.6          2.7          2.6          2.4
National Aeronautics and Space Administration..............................         1.8          1.7          1.8          2.5          2.0          2.3          2.5          2.6          2.7
National Science Foundation................................................         0.3          0.3          0.3          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.5
Office of Personnel Management.............................................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Small Business Administration..............................................         0.2          0.3          0.2          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.2          0.1          0.3
Social Security Administration (On-budget).................................         0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.3          0.2
Social Security Administration (Off-budget)................................         0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.5
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget).....................................         1.3          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.0          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.2
                                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority.................................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote at end of table.


[[Page 116]]


                          Table 5.5--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Department or other unit                  1993         1994         1995         1996         1997         1998         1999         2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................         0.4          0.4          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.5          0.4
The Judiciary...................................         0.5          0.5          0.5          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6
Agriculture.....................................         3.0          3.3          3.1          3.0          3.0          3.0          2.8          2.9
Commerce........................................         0.6          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.8          0.9          1.5
Defense--Military...............................        50.2         48.9         50.3         50.7         49.7         49.1         47.2         49.2
Education.......................................         4.6          4.8          4.9          4.3          5.2          5.6          4.9          5.0
Energy..........................................         3.7          3.7          3.4          3.3          3.2          3.2          3.1          3.0
Health and Human Services.......................         5.8          6.4          6.6          6.6          6.7          7.0          7.1          7.8
Homeland Security...............................         1.7          2.4          2.2          2.3          2.6          2.1          2.3          2.5
Housing and Urban Development...................         4.6          4.7          3.9          4.0          2.9          3.7          3.8          3.6
Interior........................................         1.3          1.5          1.4          1.4          1.4          1.5          1.4          1.4
Justice.........................................         1.7          1.7          2.3          2.7          2.9          3.0          2.8          2.8
Labor...........................................         1.9          2.1          1.9          1.9          2.0          2.0          1.9          1.5
State...........................................         1.2          1.3          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.4          1.3
Transportation..................................         2.0          2.2          1.6          1.9          2.0          1.8          1.8          1.8
Treasury........................................         1.5          1.6          1.6          1.6          1.5          1.6          1.6          1.6
Veterans Affairs................................         3.1          3.3          3.5          3.5          3.7          3.6          3.3          3.6
Corps of Engineers..............................         0.7          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Environmental Protection Agency.................         1.3          1.3          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.4          1.3          1.3
Executive Office of the President...............           *            *            *            *            *            *          0.1            *
General Services Administration.................           *          0.1            *            *          0.1           -*          0.1           -*
International Assistance Programs...............         4.7          2.2          2.4          2.1          2.1          2.1          5.3          2.3
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...         2.7          2.8          2.8          2.8          2.7          2.6          2.3          2.3
National Science Foundation.....................         0.5          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.7
Office of Personnel Management..................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Small Business Administration...................         0.2          0.4          0.2          0.2          0.2          0.1          0.1          0.2
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......         0.3          0.3          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....         0.5          0.6          0.5          0.6          0.7          0.6          0.5          0.5
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         1.2          1.3          1.4          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.0
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority......       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote at end of table.


[[Page 117]]


                          Table 5.5--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY AGENCY: 1976-2008--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                    2007         2008
            Department or other unit                  2001         2002         2003         2004         2005         2006       estimate     estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Legislative Branch..............................         0.4          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4          0.4
The Judiciary...................................         0.6          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.6
Agriculture.....................................         2.9          2.7          2.6          2.4          2.3          2.3          1.9          1.9
Commerce........................................         0.8          0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.7          0.5          0.6
Defense--Military...............................        47.6         46.9         51.5         51.6         48.6         53.6         57.1         57.9
Education.......................................         6.0          6.7          6.3          6.1          5.8          5.9          5.4          5.2
Energy..........................................         3.0          2.9          2.6          2.6          2.5          2.4          2.2          2.3
Health and Human Services.......................         8.2          8.3          7.7          7.6          7.1          7.5          6.6          6.4
Homeland Security...............................         2.4          4.1          3.6          3.3          9.8          1.5          3.6          3.2
Housing and Urban Development...................         4.3          4.3          3.5          3.5          3.4          5.1          3.3          3.3
Interior........................................         1.5          1.4          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.0          1.0
Justice.........................................         2.8          2.7          2.3          2.2          2.1          2.1          1.9          1.9
Labor...........................................         1.8          1.7          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.0
State...........................................         1.2          1.3          1.1          1.3          1.4          1.5          1.3          1.7
Transportation..................................         2.2          2.1          1.6          1.5          1.6          1.8          1.0          1.1
Treasury........................................         1.6          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.1
Veterans Affairs................................         3.4          3.3          3.1          3.2          3.3          3.4          3.2          3.7
Corps of Engineers..............................         0.7          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.6          1.2          0.5          0.5
Other Defense--Civil Programs...................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Environmental Protection Agency.................         1.2          1.1          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7
Executive Office of the President...............         0.6            *          0.3          2.1            *            *            *            *
General Services Administration.................           *            *          0.2            *            *          0.1           -*            *
International Assistance Programs...............         1.9          1.9          2.2          1.9          1.8          1.9          1.9          1.8
National Aeronautics and Space Administration...         2.1          2.0          1.8          1.7          1.6          1.7          1.5          1.6
National Science Foundation.....................         0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.6
Office of Personnel Management..................           *            *            *            *            *            *            *            *
Small Business Administration...................         0.2          0.1          0.1          0.1          0.2          0.2            *            *
Social Security Administration (On-budget)......         0.4          0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3
Social Security Administration (Off-budget).....         0.5          0.5          0.4          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.5
Other Independent Agencies (On-budget)..........         1.0          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7
Allowances......................................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         1.3   ...........
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total discretionary budget authority......       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.



[[Page 118]]

 
        Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Category                 1940        1941        1942        1943        1944        1945        1946        1947        1948        1949
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................      9,468      13,653      35,137      78,555      91,304      92,712      55,232      34,496      29,764      38,835
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............      1,660       6,435      25,658      66,699      79,143      82,965      42,681      12,808       9,105      13,150
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......      1,657       1,730       1,758       1,647       1,721       2,215       5,673       9,052       9,043      10,065
    Direct payments \2\.........     (1,360)     (1,374)     (1,348)     (1,220)     (1,260)     (1,784)     (5,222)     (8,292)     (8,208)     (9,029)
    Grants to State and local          (298)       (356)       (410)       (427)       (461)       (432)       (451)       (761)       (835)     (1,036)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        574         491         482         487         449         427         368         842         777         840
  Net Interest \2\..............        899         943       1,052       1,529       2,219       3,112       4,111       4,204       4,341       4,523
  All other \2\.................      4,995       4,601       7,081       9,414       9,092       5,382       3,867       9,141       8,141      12,035
  Undistributed offsetting             -317        -547        -894      -1,221      -1,320      -1,389      -1,468      -1,552      -1,643      -1,779
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............      7,808       7,218       9,479      11,856      12,161       9,747      12,551      21,688      20,659      25,685
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................      108.8       147.1       341.8       700.1       860.5       890.6       515.7       296.9       233.8       311.7
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............       19.9        64.7       216.3       526.0       684.0       774.6       405.7       112.6        86.5       123.8
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......       17.8        18.0        16.7        14.1        13.8        16.8        40.9        60.6        55.4        60.1
    Direct payments \2\.........      (14.6)      (14.3)      (12.8)      (10.5)      (10.1)      (13.6)      (37.6)      (55.5)      (50.3)      (53.9)
    Grants to State and local          (3.2)       (3.7)       (3.9)       (3.7)       (3.7)       (3.3)       (3.3)       (5.1)       (5.1)       (6.2)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        8.2         7.7         7.6         7.2         6.5         6.2         4.9         8.2         7.5         7.6
  Net Interest \2\..............        9.2         9.3         9.7        13.1        18.4        25.1        31.0        28.7        27.0        27.2
  All other \2\.................       59.0        56.9       107.1       161.5       161.8        91.8        56.5       105.3        72.8       110.2
  Undistributed offsetting             -5.2        -9.4       -15.8       -22.0       -23.9       -24.4       -23.2       -18.6       -15.5       -17.2
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............       88.9        82.4       125.2       173.8       176.5       115.6       110.1       184.3       147.2       187.9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................        9.8        12.0        24.3        43.6        43.6        41.9        24.8        14.8        11.6        14.3
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............        1.7         5.6        17.8        37.0        37.8        37.5        19.2         5.5         3.6         4.9
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......        1.7         1.5         1.2         0.9         0.8         1.0         2.5         3.9         3.5         3.7
    Direct payments \2\.........       (1.4)       (1.2)       (0.9)       (0.7)       (0.6)       (0.8)       (2.3)       (3.6)       (3.2)       (3.3)
    Grants to State and local          (0.3)       (0.3)       (0.3)       (0.2)       (0.2)       (0.2)       (0.2)       (0.3)       (0.3)       (0.4)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        0.6         0.4         0.3         0.3         0.2         0.2         0.2         0.4         0.3         0.3
  Net Interest \2\..............        0.9         0.8         0.7         0.8         1.1         1.4         1.8         1.8         1.7         1.7
  All other \2\.................        5.2         4.0         4.9         5.2         4.3         2.4         1.7         3.9         3.2         4.4
  Undistributed offsetting             -0.3        -0.5        -0.6        -0.7        -0.6        -0.6        -0.7        -0.7        -0.6        -0.7
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............        8.1         6.3         6.6         6.6         5.8         4.4         5.6         9.3         8.1         9.5
                                 =======================================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)......       96.8       114.1       144.3       180.3       209.2       221.4       222.7       233.2       256.0       271.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............       17.5        47.1        73.0        84.9        86.7        89.5        77.3        37.1        30.6        33.9
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......       17.5        12.7         5.0         2.1         1.9         2.4        10.3        26.2        30.4        25.9
    Direct payments \2\.........      (14.4)      (10.1)       (3.8)       (1.6)       (1.4)       (1.9)       (9.5)      (24.0)      (27.6)      (23.3)
    Grants to State and local          (3.1)       (2.6)       (1.2)       (0.5)       (0.5)       (0.5)       (0.8)       (2.2)       (2.8)       (2.7)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        6.1         3.6         1.4         0.6         0.5         0.5         0.7         2.4         2.6         2.2
  Net Interest \2\..............        9.5         6.9         3.0         1.9         2.4         3.4         7.4        12.2        14.6        11.6
  All other \2\.................       52.8        33.7        20.2        12.0        10.0         5.8         7.0        26.5        27.4        31.0
  Undistributed offsetting             -3.4        -4.0        -2.5        -1.6        -1.4        -1.5        -2.7        -4.5        -5.5        -4.6
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............       82.5        52.9        27.0        15.1        13.3        10.5        22.7        62.9        69.4        66.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 119]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Category                 1950        1951        1952        1953        1954        1955        1956        1957        1958        1959
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................     42,562      45,514      67,686      76,101      70,855      68,444      70,640      76,578      82,405      92,098
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............     13,724      23,566      46,089      52,802      49,266      42,729      42,523      45,430      46,815      49,015
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......     13,664      10,279      10,853      10,950      12,610      14,297      15,208      17,027      20,931      22,757
    Direct payments \2\.........    (12,407)     (8,955)     (9,528)     (9,460)    (10,999)    (12,674)    (13,534)    (15,226)    (18,810)    (20,393)
    Grants to State and local        (1,257)     (1,324)     (1,325)     (1,490)     (1,611)     (1,623)     (1,674)     (1,802)     (2,121)     (2,364)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        996         964       1,108       1,332       1,431       1,574       1,877       2,164       2,770       4,088
  Net Interest \2\..............      4,812       4,665       4,701       5,156       4,811       4,850       5,079       5,354       5,604       5,762
  All other \2\.................     11,182       8,373       8,313       9,432       6,134       8,488       9,541      10,750      10,670      15,089
  Undistributed offsetting           -1,817      -2,332      -3,377      -3,571      -3,397      -3,493      -3,589      -4,146      -4,385      -4,613
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............     28,838      21,948      21,597      23,299      21,589      25,715      28,117      31,148      35,590      43,083
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................      330.7       355.9       528.8       556.3       502.9       470.4       462.9       478.3       488.5       527.5
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............      129.6       211.7       396.6       416.1       381.9       320.1       298.4       303.5       299.7       297.6
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......       82.5        58.8        59.8        59.4        67.5        76.5        80.3        87.4       104.3       111.8
    Direct payments \2\.........      (74.9)      (51.2)      (52.4)      (51.3)      (58.9)      (67.8)      (71.5)      (78.1)      (93.8)     (100.1)
    Grants to State and local          (7.6)       (7.6)       (7.3)       (8.1)       (8.6)       (8.7)       (8.8)       (9.3)      (10.6)      (11.6)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        9.6         8.0         9.1        10.3        11.4        12.2        14.2        15.1        17.6        24.5
  Net Interest \2\..............       29.4        27.1        26.2        28.3        26.1        26.0        26.6        27.0        27.4        27.8
  All other \2\.................       96.2        72.6        68.0        73.2        45.1        64.8        72.4        78.0        71.6        98.2
  Undistributed offsetting            -16.7       -22.3       -30.9       -30.9       -29.0       -29.0       -29.2       -32.5       -32.2       -32.4
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............      201.1       144.1       132.3       140.3       121.0       150.5       164.4       175.0       188.8       229.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................       15.6        14.2        19.4        20.4        18.8        17.3        16.5        17.0        17.9        18.7
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............        5.0         7.4        13.2        14.2        13.1        10.8        10.0        10.1        10.2        10.0
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......        5.0         3.2         3.1         2.9         3.3         3.6         3.6         3.8         4.5         4.6
    Direct payments \2\.........       (4.5)       (2.8)       (2.7)       (2.5)       (2.9)       (3.2)       (3.2)       (3.4)       (4.1)       (4.1)
    Grants to State and local          (0.5)       (0.4)       (0.4)       (0.4)       (0.4)       (0.4)       (0.4)       (0.4)       (0.5)       (0.5)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        0.4         0.3         0.3         0.4         0.4         0.4         0.4         0.5         0.6         0.8
  Net Interest \2\..............        1.8         1.5         1.3         1.4         1.3         1.2         1.2         1.2         1.2         1.2
  All other \2\.................        4.1         2.6         2.4         2.5         1.6         2.2         2.2         2.4         2.3         3.1
  Undistributed offsetting             -0.7        -0.7        -1.0        -1.0        -0.9        -0.9        -0.8        -0.9        -1.0        -0.9
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............       10.6         6.8         6.2         6.2         5.7         6.5         6.6         6.9         7.7         8.8
                                 =======================================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)......      273.0       320.6       348.6       372.9       377.3       394.6       427.2       450.3       460.5       491.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                 =======================================================================================================================
National defense \1\............       32.2        51.8        68.1        69.4        69.5        62.4        60.2        59.3        56.8        53.2
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals......       32.1        22.6        16.0        14.4        17.8        20.9        21.5        22.2        25.4        24.7
    Direct payments \2\.........      (29.2)      (19.7)      (14.1)      (12.4)      (15.5)      (18.5)      (19.2)      (19.9)      (22.8)      (22.1)
    Grants to State and local          (3.0)       (2.9)       (2.0)       (2.0)       (2.3)       (2.4)       (2.4)       (2.4)       (2.6)       (2.6)
     governments................
  All other grants..............        2.3         2.1         1.6         1.8         2.0         2.3         2.7         2.8         3.4         4.4
  Net Interest \2\..............       11.3        10.2         6.9         6.8         6.8         7.1         7.2         7.0         6.8         6.3
  All other \2\.................       26.3        18.4        12.3        12.4         8.7        12.4        13.5        14.0        12.9        16.4
  Undistributed offsetting             -4.3        -5.1        -5.0        -4.7        -4.8        -5.1        -5.1        -5.4        -5.3        -5.0
   receipts \2\.................
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense............       67.8        48.2        31.9        30.6        30.5        37.6        39.8        40.7        43.2        46.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 120]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Category                       1960        1961        1962        1963        1964        1965        1966        1967        1968
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................     92,191      97,723     106,821     111,316     118,528     118,228     134,532     157,464     178,134
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................     48,130      49,601      52,345      53,400      54,757      50,620      58,111      71,417      81,926
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................     24,162      27,525      28,938      30,958      32,217      33,103      37,076      43,211      49,849
    Direct payments \2\.....................    (21,682)    (24,907)    (25,987)    (27,677)    (28,658)    (29,385)    (32,771)    (38,392)    (43,779)
    Grants to State and local governments...     (2,480)     (2,618)     (2,951)     (3,280)     (3,559)     (3,718)     (4,305)     (4,819)     (6,070)
  All other grants..........................      4,534       4,497       4,958       5,281       6,571       7,159       8,557      10,387      12,454
  Net Interest \2\..........................      6,947       6,716       6,889       7,740       8,199       8,591       9,386      10,268      11,090
  All other \2\.............................     13,238      14,191      18,965      19,734      22,492      24,663      27,944      29,475      30,861
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....     -4,820      -4,807      -5,274      -5,797      -5,708      -5,908      -6,542      -7,294      -8,045
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................     44,061      48,122      54,477      57,915      63,771      67,608      76,421      86,047      96,208
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      526.8       544.4       592.5       594.3       623.8       613.2       681.5       777.2       847.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................      300.2       301.5       315.9       309.4       314.9       291.8       322.8       383.3       420.1
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................      116.6       130.9       136.3       144.1       147.9       149.9       164.9       187.2       209.5
    Direct payments \2\.....................     (104.6)     (118.4)     (122.3)     (128.8)     (131.6)     (133.1)     (145.8)     (166.3)     (183.9)
    Grants to State and local governments...      (12.0)      (12.5)      (13.9)      (15.3)      (16.4)      (16.9)      (19.2)      (20.9)      (25.5)
  All other grants..........................       27.0        27.2        29.7        30.6        37.3        39.6        48.1        57.1        65.9
  Net Interest \2\..........................       33.1        31.5        32.0        35.5        37.1        38.3        40.9        43.4        45.2
  All other \2\.............................       84.3        86.2       113.9       112.4       122.8       129.5       142.9       147.2       149.7
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....      -34.4       -32.8       -35.4       -37.8       -36.2       -35.7       -38.2       -41.1       -43.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................      226.5       242.9       276.4       284.7       309.0       321.6       358.6       393.8       426.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................       17.8        18.4        18.8        18.6        18.5        17.2        17.9        19.4        20.6
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................        9.3         9.3         9.2         8.9         8.6         7.4         7.7         8.8         9.5
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................        4.7         5.2         5.1         5.2         5.0         4.8         4.9         5.3         5.8
    Direct payments \2\.....................       (4.2)       (4.7)       (4.6)       (4.6)       (4.5)       (4.3)       (4.4)       (4.7)       (5.1)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (0.5)       (0.5)       (0.5)       (0.5)       (0.6)       (0.5)       (0.6)       (0.6)       (0.7)
  All other grants..........................        0.9         0.8         0.9         0.9         1.0         1.0         1.1         1.3         1.4
  Net Interest \2\..........................        1.3         1.3         1.2         1.3         1.3         1.3         1.2         1.3         1.3
  All other \2\.............................        2.6         2.7         3.3         3.3         3.5         3.6         3.7         3.6         3.6
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -0.9        -0.9        -0.9        -1.0        -0.9        -0.9        -0.9        -0.9        -0.9
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................        8.5         9.1         9.6         9.7        10.0         9.8        10.2        10.6        11.1
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)..................      517.9       530.8       567.6       598.7       640.4       687.1       752.9       811.8       866.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................       52.2        50.8        49.0        48.0        46.2        42.8        43.2        45.4        46.0
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       26.2        28.2        27.1        27.8        27.2        28.0        27.6        27.4        28.0
    Direct payments \2\.....................      (23.5)      (25.5)      (24.3)      (24.9)      (24.2)      (24.9)      (24.4)      (24.4)      (24.6)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (2.7)       (2.7)       (2.8)       (2.9)       (3.0)       (3.1)       (3.2)       (3.1)       (3.4)
  All other grants..........................        4.9         4.6         4.6         4.7         5.5         6.1         6.4         6.6         7.0
  Net Interest \2\..........................        7.5         6.9         6.4         7.0         6.9         7.3         7.0         6.5         6.2
  All other \2\.............................       14.4        14.5        17.8        17.7        19.0        20.9        20.8        18.7        17.3
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -5.2        -4.9        -4.9        -5.2        -4.8        -5.0        -4.9        -4.6        -4.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       47.8        49.2        51.0        52.0        53.8        57.2        56.8        54.6        54.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 121]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Category                       1969        1970        1971        1972        1973        1974        1975        1976         TQ
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    183,640     195,649     210,172     230,681     245,707     269,359     332,332     371,792      95,975
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................     82,497      81,692      78,872      79,174      76,681      79,347      86,509      89,619      22,269
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................     57,225      64,806      80,564      93,055     104,739     120,407     153,836     180,634      45,534
    Direct payments \2\.....................    (49,983)    (56,079)    (70,030)    (79,112)    (90,860)   (105,557)   (137,074)   (160,576)    (40,449)
    Grants to State and local governments...     (7,243)     (8,727)    (10,533)    (13,943)    (13,879)    (14,851)    (16,762)    (20,058)     (5,085)
  All other grants..........................     12,887      15,301      17,532      20,386      27,911      28,442      32,956      38,946      10,819
  Net Interest \2\..........................     12,699      14,380      14,841      15,478      17,349      21,449      23,244      26,727       6,949
  All other \2\.............................     26,318      28,102      28,471      32,171      32,437      36,462      49,390      50,251      14,611
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....     -7,986      -8,632     -10,107      -9,583     -13,409     -16,749     -13,602     -14,386      -4,206
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................    101,143     113,958     131,300     151,507     169,026     190,012     245,824     282,173      73,707
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      823.5       828.0       834.3       857.6       867.3       877.4       982.1     1,021.4       255.8
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................      400.1       375.1       340.8       310.4       278.6       267.4       262.7       252.7        61.0
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................      230.6       249.1       296.3       329.6       357.3       380.2       440.7       485.3       118.6
    Direct payments \2\.....................     (201.4)     (215.5)     (257.6)     (280.1)     (310.0)     (333.2)     (392.5)     (431.4)     (105.3)
    Grants to State and local governments...      (29.2)      (33.6)      (38.8)      (49.4)      (47.4)      (46.9)      (48.0)      (53.9)      (13.2)
  All other grants..........................       64.5        71.6        76.5        85.0       112.9       104.8       109.5       119.2        31.8
  Net Interest \2\..........................       49.5        53.2        52.3        52.1        55.9        64.5        63.3        67.9        17.1
  All other \2\.............................      119.1       119.9       112.7       119.5       114.3       121.0       150.7       139.7        39.4
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....      -40.5       -40.7       -44.3       -39.0       -51.8       -60.6       -44.8       -43.3       -12.2
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................      423.2       453.1       493.4       547.2       588.5       609.8       719.2       768.9       194.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................       19.4        19.3        19.5        19.6        18.8        18.7        21.3        21.4        21.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................        8.7         8.1         7.3         6.7         5.9         5.5         5.5         5.2         4.9
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................        6.0         6.4         7.5         7.9         8.0         8.4         9.9        10.4        10.0
    Direct payments \2\.....................       (5.3)       (5.5)       (6.5)       (6.7)       (6.9)       (7.3)       (8.8)       (9.2)       (8.9)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (0.8)       (0.9)       (1.0)       (1.2)       (1.1)       (1.0)       (1.1)       (1.2)       (1.1)
  All other grants..........................        1.4         1.5         1.6         1.7         2.1         2.0         2.1         2.2         2.4
  Net Interest \2\..........................        1.3         1.4         1.4         1.3         1.3         1.5         1.5         1.5         1.5
  All other \2\.............................        2.8         2.8         2.6         2.7         2.5         2.5         3.2         2.9         3.2
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -0.8        -0.9        -0.9        -0.8        -1.0        -1.2        -0.9        -0.8        -0.9
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       10.7        11.3        12.2        12.9        12.9        13.2        15.8        16.2        16.1
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)..................      948.6     1,012.2     1,079.9     1,178.3     1,307.6     1,439.3     1,560.7     1,736.5       456.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................       44.9        41.8        37.5        34.3        31.2        29.5        26.0        24.1        23.2
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       31.2        33.1        38.3        40.3        42.6        44.7        46.3        48.6        47.4
    Direct payments \2\.....................      (27.2)      (28.7)      (33.3)      (34.3)      (37.0)      (39.2)      (41.2)      (43.2)      (42.1)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (3.9)       (4.5)       (5.0)       (6.0)       (5.6)       (5.5)       (5.0)       (5.4)       (5.3)
  All other grants..........................        7.0         7.8         8.3         8.8        11.4        10.6         9.9        10.5        11.3
  Net Interest \2\..........................        6.9         7.4         7.1         6.7         7.1         8.0         7.0         7.2         7.2
  All other \2\.............................       14.3        14.4        13.5        13.9        13.2        13.5        14.9        13.5        15.2
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -4.3        -4.4        -4.8        -4.2        -5.5        -6.2        -4.1        -3.9        -4.4
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       55.1        58.2        62.5        65.7        68.8        70.5        74.0        75.9        76.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 122]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Category                       1977        1978        1979        1980        1981        1982        1983        1984        1985
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    409,218     458,746     504,028     590,941     678,241     745,743     808,364     851,853     946,396
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................     97,241     104,495     116,342     133,995     157,513     185,309     209,903     227,413     252,748
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................    196,978     211,761     233,837     278,530     325,216     358,342     396,933     401,868     428,051
    Direct payments \2\.....................   (174,268)   (186,967)   (206,276)   (245,879)   (286,808)   (319,139)   (353,953)   (355,866)   (377,961)
    Grants to State and local governments...    (22,710)    (24,795)    (27,561)    (32,652)    (38,408)    (39,202)    (42,980)    (46,001)    (50,090)
  All other grants..........................     45,609      53,035      55,697      58,641      56,221      48,864      49,381      51,456      55,605
  Net Interest \2\..........................     29,901      35,458      42,633      52,533      68,766      85,032      89,808     111,102     129,478
  All other \2\.............................     54,369      69,716      72,996      87,184      98,566      94,295      96,315      91,972     113,213
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....    -14,879     -15,720     -17,476     -19,942     -28,041     -26,099     -33,976     -31,957     -32,698
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................    311,977     354,251     387,686     456,946     520,728     560,434     598,462     624,440     693,648
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    1,040.2     1,093.6     1,107.3     1,175.1     1,219.4     1,251.7     1,294.4     1,299.5     1,395.7
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................      250.6       251.1       257.4       267.1       282.2       307.0       330.7       334.0       356.5
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................      492.2       495.6       505.6       545.1       580.3       602.3       637.8       621.7       640.7
    Direct payments \2\.....................     (435.3)     (437.5)     (445.9)     (481.2)     (511.8)     (536.4)     (568.8)     (550.5)     (565.6)
    Grants to State and local governments...      (56.8)      (58.1)      (59.6)      (63.9)      (68.6)      (65.9)      (69.1)      (71.2)      (75.0)
  All other grants..........................      129.4       141.1       136.0       128.5       110.6        88.6        85.2        84.5        87.9
  Net Interest \2\..........................       70.6        78.5        87.3        98.9       118.0       136.5       138.1       164.7       186.0
  All other \2\.............................      137.8       167.7       163.1       178.9       183.5       166.1       163.0       150.1       179.4
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....      -40.4       -40.3       -42.0       -43.5       -55.2       -48.7       -60.4       -55.5       -54.8
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................      789.6       842.7       850.0       907.9       937.2       944.8       963.7       965.6     1,039.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................       20.7        20.7        20.2        21.7        22.2        23.1        23.5        22.2        22.9
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................        4.9         4.7         4.7         4.9         5.2         5.7         6.1         5.9         6.1
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       10.0         9.6         9.4        10.2        10.6        11.1        11.5        10.5        10.3
    Direct payments \2\.....................       (8.8)       (8.4)       (8.2)       (9.0)       (9.4)       (9.9)      (10.3)       (9.3)       (9.1)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (1.2)       (1.1)       (1.1)       (1.2)       (1.3)       (1.2)       (1.2)       (1.2)       (1.2)
  All other grants..........................        2.3         2.4         2.2         2.2         1.8         1.5         1.4         1.3         1.3
  Net Interest \2\..........................        1.5         1.6         1.7         1.9         2.3         2.6         2.6         2.9         3.1
  All other \2\.............................        2.8         3.1         2.9         3.2         3.2         2.9         2.8         2.4         2.7
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -0.8        -0.7        -0.7        -0.7        -0.9        -0.8        -1.0        -0.8        -0.8
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       15.8        16.0        15.5        16.8        17.0        17.4        17.4        16.3        16.7
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)..................    1,974.3     2,217.0     2,500.7     2,726.7     3,054.7     3,227.6     3,440.7     3,840.2     4,141.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................       23.8        22.8        23.1        22.7        23.2        24.8        26.0        26.7        26.7
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       48.1        46.2        46.4        47.1        47.9        48.1        49.1        47.2        45.2
    Direct payments \2\.....................      (42.6)      (40.8)      (40.9)      (41.6)      (42.3)      (42.8)      (43.8)      (41.8)      (39.9)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (5.5)       (5.4)       (5.5)       (5.5)       (5.7)       (5.3)       (5.3)       (5.4)       (5.3)
  All other grants..........................       11.1        11.6        11.1         9.9         8.3         6.6         6.1         6.0         5.9
  Net Interest \2\..........................        7.3         7.7         8.5         8.9        10.1        11.4        11.1        13.0        13.7
  All other \2\.............................       13.3        15.2        14.5        14.8        14.5        12.6        11.9        10.8        12.0
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -3.6        -3.4        -3.5        -3.4        -4.1        -3.5        -4.2        -3.8        -3.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       76.2        77.2        76.9        77.3        76.8        75.2        74.0        73.3        73.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 123]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Category                       1986        1987        1988        1989        1990        1991        1992        1993        1994
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    990,441   1,004,083   1,064,481   1,143,829   1,253,130   1,324,331   1,381,649   1,409,522   1,461,907
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................    273,375     281,999     290,361     303,559     299,331     273,292     298,350     291,086     281,642
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................    452,069     472,079     501,661     537,374     585,683     652,050     729,823     784,992     824,810
    Direct payments \2\.....................   (397,049)   (413,541)   (438,238)   (468,683)   (506,972)   (557,433)   (615,132)   (658,067)   (686,548)
    Grants to State and local governments...    (55,020)    (58,538)    (63,422)    (68,691)    (78,711)    (94,617)   (114,691)   (126,925)   (138,262)
  All other grants..........................     57,135      49,669      51,732      52,984      56,373      59,716      63,056      66,535      72,165
  Net Interest \2\..........................    136,017     138,611     151,803     168,981     184,347     194,448     199,344     198,713     202,932
  All other \2\.............................    104,853      98,181     105,891     118,143     164,012     184,181     130,356     105,581     118,129
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....    -33,007     -36,455     -36,967     -37,212     -36,615     -39,356     -39,280     -37,386     -37,772
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................    717,066     722,084     774,120     840,270     953,799   1,051,039   1,083,299   1,118,436   1,180,265
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    1,425.7     1,405.7     1,446.5     1,498.9     1,589.9     1,609.9     1,623.9     1,615.5     1,642.2
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................      380.7       387.1       393.1       398.9       382.7       333.7       354.3       340.3       322.8
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................      658.9       667.6       683.0       700.6       732.5       782.5       851.2       893.4       919.8
    Direct payments \2\.....................     (578.7)     (584.8)     (596.6)     (611.1)     (634.0)     (668.9)     (717.4)     (748.8)     (765.6)
    Grants to State and local governments...      (80.2)      (82.8)      (86.4)      (89.6)      (98.4)     (113.5)     (133.8)     (144.5)     (154.3)
  All other grants..........................       87.1        72.3        72.8        71.9        73.3        74.7        77.1        79.0        83.5
  Net Interest \2\..........................      190.9       189.6       201.3       215.7       226.9       230.7       230.7       224.8       224.8
  All other \2\.............................      162.2       147.3       153.8       168.0       228.0       242.4       163.5       125.6       137.3
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....      -54.0       -58.4       -57.5       -56.4       -53.5       -54.0       -52.7       -47.5       -46.1
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................    1,045.1     1,018.5     1,053.4     1,100.0     1,207.0     1,276.2     1,269.8     1,275.3     1,319.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................       22.4        21.6        21.3        21.2        21.8        22.3        22.1        21.4        21.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................        6.2         6.1         5.8         5.6         5.2         4.6         4.8         4.4         4.0
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       10.2        10.2        10.0        10.0        10.2        11.0        11.7        11.9        11.8
    Direct payments \2\.....................       (9.0)       (8.9)       (8.7)       (8.7)       (8.8)       (9.4)       (9.9)      (10.0)       (9.9)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (1.2)       (1.3)       (1.3)       (1.3)       (1.4)       (1.6)       (1.8)       (1.9)       (2.0)
  All other grants..........................        1.3         1.1         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0
  Net Interest \2\..........................        3.1         3.0         3.0         3.1         3.2         3.3         3.2         3.0         2.9
  All other \2\.............................        2.4         2.1         2.1         2.2         2.9         3.1         2.1         1.6         1.7
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -0.7        -0.8        -0.7        -0.7        -0.6        -0.7        -0.6        -0.6        -0.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       16.3        15.5        15.5        15.6        16.6        17.7        17.4        17.0        17.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)..................    4,412.4     4,647.1     5,008.6     5,400.5     5,735.4     5,935.1     6,239.9     6,575.5     6,961.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................       27.6        28.1        27.3        26.5        23.9        20.6        21.6        20.7        19.3
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       45.6        47.0        47.1        47.0        46.7        49.2        52.8        55.7        56.4
    Direct payments \2\.....................      (40.1)      (41.2)      (41.2)      (41.0)      (40.5)      (42.1)      (44.5)      (46.7)      (47.0)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (5.6)       (5.8)       (6.0)       (6.0)       (6.3)       (7.1)       (8.3)       (9.0)       (9.5)
  All other grants..........................        5.8         4.9         4.9         4.6         4.5         4.5         4.6         4.7         4.9
  Net Interest \2\..........................       13.7        13.8        14.3        14.8        14.7        14.7        14.4        14.1        13.9
  All other \2\.............................       10.6         9.8         9.9        10.3        13.1        13.9         9.4         7.5         8.1
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -3.3        -3.6        -3.5        -3.3        -2.9        -3.0        -2.8        -2.7        -2.6
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       72.4        71.9        72.7        73.5        76.1        79.4        78.4        79.3        80.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 124]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Category                       1995        1996        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................  1,515,884   1,560,608   1,601,307   1,652,685   1,702,035   1,789,216   1,863,190   2,011,153   2,160,117
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................    272,066     265,753     270,505     268,207     274,785     294,394     304,759     348,482     404,778
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................    877,486     912,822     953,858     981,691   1,001,657   1,054,485   1,128,380   1,241,523   1,331,678
    Direct payments \2\.....................   (728,449)   (761,533)   (800,964)   (817,749)   (825,814)   (867,695)   (920,342)  (1,009,899  (1,080,871
                                                                                                                                           )           )
    Grants to State and local governments...   (149,037)   (151,289)   (152,894)   (163,942)   (175,843)   (186,790)   (208,038)   (231,624)   (250,807)
  All other grants..........................     75,886      76,484      81,266      82,174      92,042      99,082     110,457     121,180     137,735
  Net Interest \2\..........................    232,134     241,053     243,984     241,118     229,755     222,949     206,167     170,949     153,073
  All other \2\.............................    102,767     102,116     101,667     126,689     144,241     160,887     160,438     176,411     187,235
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....    -44,455     -37,620     -49,973     -47,194     -40,445     -42,581     -47,011     -47,392     -54,382
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................  1,243,818   1,294,855   1,330,802   1,384,478   1,427,250   1,494,822   1,558,431   1,662,671   1,755,339
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    1,662.2     1,673.0     1,684.2     1,721.0     1,746.0     1,789.2     1,820.6     1,929.2     2,018.2
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................      305.9       289.2       288.4       282.4       283.6       294.4       297.2       329.3       364.4
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................      957.1       975.8     1,000.2     1,019.5     1,026.0     1,054.5     1,103.8     1,197.7     1,260.1
    Direct payments \2\.....................     (794.5)     (814.0)     (839.8)     (849.2)     (845.9)     (867.7)     (900.3)     (974.2)   (1,022.8)
    Grants to State and local governments...     (162.6)     (161.8)     (160.4)     (170.3)     (180.1)     (186.8)     (203.5)     (223.4)     (237.3)
  All other grants..........................       85.1        83.6        87.2        87.0        95.4        99.1       107.2       115.0       126.2
  Net Interest \2\..........................      251.8       256.6       255.2       249.2       234.4       222.9       201.4       163.9       143.8
  All other \2\.............................      114.8       110.5       108.1       133.6       149.0       160.9       156.9       167.5       172.6
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....      -52.6       -42.5       -54.9       -50.6       -42.2       -42.6       -45.8       -44.2       -48.7
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................    1,356.3     1,384.0     1,395.8     1,438.7     1,462.5     1,494.8     1,523.5     1,599.8     1,654.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................       20.7        20.3        19.6        19.2        18.7        18.4        18.5        19.4        20.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................        3.7         3.5         3.3         3.1         3.0         3.0         3.0         3.4         3.7
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       12.0        11.9        11.7        11.4        11.0        10.9        11.2        12.0        12.3
    Direct payments \2\.....................       (9.9)       (9.9)       (9.8)       (9.5)       (9.0)       (8.9)       (9.2)       (9.7)      (10.0)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (2.0)       (2.0)       (1.9)       (1.9)       (1.9)       (1.9)       (2.1)       (2.2)       (2.3)
  All other grants..........................        1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.1         1.2         1.3
  Net Interest \2\..........................        3.2         3.1         3.0         2.8         2.5         2.3         2.0         1.6         1.4
  All other \2\.............................        1.4         1.3         1.2         1.5         1.6         1.7         1.6         1.7         1.7
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -0.6        -0.5        -0.6        -0.5        -0.4        -0.4        -0.5        -0.5        -0.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       17.0        16.8        16.3        16.0        15.6        15.4        15.5        16.0        16.2
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)..................    7,325.8     7,694.1     8,182.4     8,627.9     9,125.3     9,709.8    10,057.9    10,377.4    10,808.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................       17.9        17.0        16.9        16.2        16.1        16.5        16.4        17.3        18.7
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       57.9        58.5        59.6        59.4        58.9        58.9        60.6        61.7        61.6
    Direct payments \2\.....................      (48.1)      (48.8)      (50.0)      (49.5)      (48.5)      (48.5)      (49.4)      (50.2)      (50.0)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (9.8)       (9.7)       (9.5)       (9.9)      (10.3)      (10.4)      (11.2)      (11.5)      (11.6)
  All other grants..........................        5.0         4.9         5.1         5.0         5.4         5.5         5.9         6.0         6.4
  Net Interest \2\..........................       15.3        15.4        15.2        14.6        13.5        12.5        11.1         8.5         7.1
  All other \2\.............................        6.8         6.5         6.3         7.7         8.5         9.0         8.6         8.8         8.7
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -2.9        -2.4        -3.1        -2.9        -2.4        -2.4        -2.5        -2.4        -2.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       82.1        83.0        83.1        83.8        83.9        83.5        83.6        82.7        81.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.


[[Page 125]]


                                                 Table 6.1--COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     2007        2008        2009        2010        2011        2012
                  Category                       2004        2005        2006      estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate    estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------------In millions of current dollars-------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................  2,293,006   2,472,205   2,655,435   2,784,267   2,901,861   2,985,473   3,049,085   3,157,328   3,246,306
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................    455,847     495,326     521,840     571,869     606,546     601,772     565,309     556,404     549,467
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................  1,397,352   1,489,996   1,591,772   1,681,279   1,759,469   1,847,203   1,948,827   2,076,963   2,179,053
    Direct payments \2\.....................  (1,131,161  (1,211,922  (1,314,964  (1,392,090  (1,458,784  (1,531,489  (1,617,886  (1,726,439  (1,807,675
                                                       )           )           )           )           )           )           )           )           )
    Grants to State and local governments...   (266,191)   (278,074)   (276,808)   (289,189)   (300,685)   (315,714)   (330,941)   (350,524)   (371,378)
  All other grants..........................    141,321     149,942     157,289     159,638     153,299     155,535     150,249     149,946     147,591
  Net Interest \2\..........................    160,245     183,986     226,603     239,153     261,276     274,156     280,847     283,681     284,938
  All other \2\.............................    196,778     218,179     226,181     214,152     207,528     195,546     186,684     179,544     177,646
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....    -58,537     -65,224     -68,250     -81,824     -86,257     -88,739     -82,831     -89,210     -92,389
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................  1,837,159   1,976,879   2,133,595   2,212,398   2,295,315   2,383,701   2,483,776   2,600,924   2,696,839
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        In billions of constant (FY 2000) dollars
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................    2,082.1     2,167.3     2,247.1     2,305.4     2,341.7     2,351.3     2,347.6     2,378.0     2,392.8
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................      394.3       407.8       417.2       446.7       461.3       447.5       411.5       396.8       384.2
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................    1,291.9     1,339.0     1,378.0     1,425.7     1,454.0     1,487.9     1,531.4     1,593.9     1,634.7
    Direct payments \2\.....................   (1,045.8)   (1,089.3)   (1,138.6)   (1,180.6)   (1,205.8)   (1,233.9)   (1,271.6)   (1,325.2)   (1,356.3)
    Grants to State and local governments...     (246.1)     (249.7)     (239.4)     (245.0)     (248.2)     (254.1)     (259.8)     (268.7)     (278.4)
  All other grants..........................      124.5       124.5       123.8       121.4       112.2       109.5       102.0        98.2        93.1
  Net Interest \2\..........................      146.8       163.5       195.4       201.1       214.5       220.1       220.7       218.4       215.1
  All other \2\.............................      174.4       185.1       186.2       173.2       164.1       151.2       141.3       133.2       129.2
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....      -49.7       -52.8       -53.5       -62.6       -64.4       -64.8       -59.2       -62.5       -63.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................    1,687.8     1,759.4     1,829.8     1,858.7     1,880.3     1,903.9     1,936.2     1,981.2     2,008.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................       19.9        20.2        20.3        20.2        20.0        19.5        18.9        18.6        18.3
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................        4.0         4.0         4.0         4.2         4.2         3.9         3.5         3.3         3.1
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       12.1        12.1        12.2        12.2        12.1        12.1        12.1        12.3        12.3
    Direct payments \2\.....................       (9.8)       (9.9)      (10.1)      (10.1)      (10.1)      (10.0)      (10.0)      (10.2)      (10.2)
    Grants to State and local governments...       (2.3)       (2.3)       (2.1)       (2.1)       (2.1)       (2.1)       (2.1)       (2.1)       (2.1)
  All other grants..........................        1.2         1.2         1.2         1.2         1.1         1.0         0.9         0.9         0.8
  Net Interest \2\..........................        1.4         1.5         1.7         1.7         1.8         1.8         1.7         1.7         1.6
  All other \2\.............................        1.7         1.8         1.7         1.6         1.4         1.3         1.2         1.1         1.0
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -0.5        -0.5        -0.5        -0.6        -0.6        -0.6        -0.5        -0.5        -0.5
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       16.0        16.1        16.3        16.1        15.8        15.6        15.4        15.4        15.2
                                             ===========================================================================================================
Addendum: GDP ($ billions)..................   11,517.5    12,265.8    13,061.1    13,761.2    14,515.0    15,306.4    16,112.4    16,937.8    17,786.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total outlays...............................      100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
                                             ===========================================================================================================
National defense \1\........................       19.9        20.0        19.7        20.5        20.9        20.2        18.5        17.6        16.9
Nondefense:
  Payments for individuals..................       60.9        60.3        59.9        60.4        60.6        61.9        63.9        65.8        67.1
    Direct payments \2\.....................      (49.3)      (49.0)      (49.5)      (50.0)      (50.3)      (51.3)      (53.1)      (54.7)      (55.7)
    Grants to State and local governments...      (11.6)      (11.2)      (10.4)      (10.4)      (10.4)      (10.6)      (10.9)      (11.1)      (11.4)
  All other grants..........................        6.2         6.1         5.9         5.7         5.3         5.2         4.9         4.7         4.5
  Net Interest \2\..........................        7.0         7.4         8.5         8.6         9.0         9.2         9.2         9.0         8.8
  All other \2\.............................        8.6         8.8         8.5         7.7         7.2         6.5         6.1         5.7         5.5
  Undistributed offsetting receipts \2\.....       -2.6        -2.6        -2.6        -2.9        -3.0        -3.0        -2.7        -2.8        -2.8
                                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total nondefense........................       80.1        80.0        80.3        79.5        79.1        79.8        81.5        82.4        83.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes a small amount of grants to State and local governments and direct payments for individuals.
\2\ Includes some off-budget amounts; most of the off-budget amounts are direct payments for individuals (social security benefits).



[[Page 126]]

 
        Table 7.1--FEDERAL DEBT AT THE END OF YEAR: 1940-2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    In Millions of Dollars                                       As Percentages of GDP
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Equals: Held by the Public                                  Equals: Held by the Public
       End of Fiscal Year            Gross    Less: Held ------------------------------------    Gross    Less: Held -----------------------------------
                                    Federal   by Federal                Federal                 Federal   by Federal                Federal
                                     Debt     Government     Total      Reserve      Other       Debt     Government     Total      Reserve      Other
                                               Accounts                 System                             Accounts                 System
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1940............................      50,696       7,924      42,772       2,458      40,314       52.4         8.2        44.2         2.5        41.6
1941............................      57,531       9,308      48,223       2,180      46,043       50.4         8.2        42.3         1.9        40.4
1942............................      79,200      11,447      67,753       2,640      65,113       54.9         7.9        47.0         1.8        45.1
1943............................     142,648      14,882     127,766       7,149     120,617       79.1         8.3        70.9         4.0        66.9
1944............................     204,079      19,283     184,796      14,899     169,897       97.6         9.2        88.3         7.1        81.2
 
1945............................     260,123      24,941     235,182      21,792     213,390      117.5        11.3       106.2         9.8        96.4
1946............................     270,991      29,130     241,861      23,783     218,078      121.7        13.1       108.6        10.7        97.9
1947............................     257,149      32,810     224,339      21,872     202,467      110.3        14.1        96.2         9.4        86.8
1948............................     252,031      35,761     216,270      21,366     194,904       98.4        14.0        84.5         8.3        76.1
1949............................     252,610      38,288     214,322      19,343     194,979       93.2        14.1        79.1         7.1        71.9
 
1950............................     256,853      37,830     219,023      18,331     200,692       94.1        13.9        80.2         6.7        73.5
1951............................     255,288      40,962     214,326      22,982     191,344       79.6        12.8        66.9         7.2        59.7
1952............................     259,097      44,339     214,758      22,906     191,852       74.3        12.7        61.6         6.6        55.0
1953............................     265,963      47,580     218,383      24,746     193,637       71.3        12.8        58.6         6.6        51.9
1954............................     270,812      46,313     224,499      25,037     199,462       71.8        12.3        59.5         6.6        52.9
 
1955............................     274,366      47,751     226,616      23,607     203,009       69.5        12.1        57.4         6.0        51.4
1956............................     272,693      50,537     222,156      23,758     198,398       63.8        11.8        52.0         5.6        46.4
1957............................     272,252      52,931     219,320      23,035     196,285       60.5        11.8        48.7         5.1        43.6
1958............................     279,666      53,329     226,336      25,438     200,898       60.7        11.6        49.2         5.5        43.6
1959............................     287,465      52,764     234,701      26,044     208,657       58.5        10.7        47.8         5.3        42.5
 
1960............................     290,525      53,686     236,840      26,523     210,317       56.1        10.4        45.7         5.1        40.6
1961............................     292,648      54,291     238,357      27,253     211,104       55.1        10.2        44.9         5.1        39.8
1962............................     302,928      54,918     248,010      29,663     218,347       53.4         9.7        43.7         5.2        38.5
1963............................     310,324      56,345     253,978      32,027     221,951       51.8         9.4        42.4         5.3        37.1
1964............................     316,059      59,210     256,849      34,794     222,055       49.4         9.2        40.1         5.4        34.7
 
1965............................     322,318      61,540     260,778      39,100     221,678       46.9         9.0        38.0         5.7        32.3
1966............................     328,498      64,784     263,714      42,169     221,545       43.6         8.6        35.0         5.6        29.4
1967............................     340,445      73,819     266,626      46,719     219,907       41.9         9.1        32.8         5.8        27.1
1968............................     368,685      79,140     289,545      52,230     237,315       42.5         9.1        33.4         6.0        27.4
1969............................     365,769      87,661     278,108      54,095     224,013       38.6         9.2        29.3         5.7        23.6
 
1970............................     380,921      97,723     283,198      57,714     225,484       37.6         9.7        28.0         5.7        22.3
1971............................     408,176     105,140     303,037      65,518     237,519       37.8         9.7        28.1         6.1        22.0
1972............................     435,936     113,559     322,377      71,426     250,951       37.0         9.6        27.4         6.1        21.3
1973............................     466,291     125,381     340,910      75,181     265,729       35.7         9.6        26.1         5.7        20.3
1974............................     483,893     140,194     343,699      80,648     263,051       33.6         9.7        23.9         5.6        18.3
 
1975............................     541,925     147,225     394,700      84,993     309,707       34.7         9.4        25.3         5.4        19.8
1976............................     628,970     151,566     477,404      94,714     382,690       36.2         8.7        27.5         5.5        22.0
TQ..............................     643,561     148,052     495,509      96,702     398,807       35.2         8.1        27.1         5.3        21.8
1977............................     706,398     157,294     549,104     105,004     444,100       35.8         8.0        27.8         5.3        22.5
1978............................     776,602     169,476     607,126     115,480     491,646       35.0         7.6        27.4         5.2        22.2
1979............................     829,467     189,161     640,306     115,594     524,712       33.2         7.6        25.6         4.6        21.0
 
1980............................     909,041     197,118     711,923     120,846     591,077       33.3         7.2        26.1         4.4        21.7
1981............................     994,828     205,418     789,410     124,466     664,944       32.6         6.7        25.8         4.1        21.8
1982............................   1,137,315     212,740     924,575     134,497     790,078       35.2         6.6        28.6         4.2        24.5
1983............................   1,371,660     234,392   1,137,268     155,527     981,741       39.9         6.8        33.1         4.5        28.5
1984............................   1,564,586     257,611   1,306,975     155,122   1,151,853       40.7         6.7        34.0         4.0        30.0
 
1985............................   1,817,423     310,163   1,507,260     169,806   1,337,454       43.9         7.5        36.4         4.1        32.3
1986............................   2,120,501     379,878   1,740,623     190,855   1,549,767       48.1         8.6        39.4         4.3        35.1
1987............................   2,345,956     456,203   1,889,753     212,040   1,677,713       50.5         9.8        40.7         4.6        36.1
1988............................   2,601,104     549,487   2,051,616     229,218   1,822,398       51.9        11.0        41.0         4.6        36.4
1989............................   2,867,800     677,084   2,190,716     220,088   1,970,628       53.1        12.5        40.6         4.1        36.5
 
1990............................   3,206,290     794,733   2,411,558     234,410   2,177,147       55.9        13.9        42.0         4.1        38.0
1991............................   3,598,178     909,179   2,688,999     258,591   2,430,408       60.6        15.3        45.3         4.4        40.9
1992............................   4,001,787   1,002,050   2,999,737     296,397   2,703,341       64.1        16.1        48.1         4.8        43.3
1993............................   4,351,044   1,102,647   3,248,396     325,653   2,922,744       66.2        16.8        49.4         5.0        44.4
1994............................   4,643,307   1,210,242   3,433,065     355,150   3,077,915       66.7        17.4        49.3         5.1        44.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 127]]


                                            Table 7.1--FEDERAL DEBT AT THE END OF YEAR: 1940-2012--Continued
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    In Millions of Dollars                                       As Percentages of GDP
                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Equals: Held by the Public                                  Equals: Held by the Public
       End of Fiscal Year            Gross    Less: Held ------------------------------------    Gross    Less: Held -----------------------------------
                                    Federal   by Federal                Federal                 Federal   by Federal                Federal
                                     Debt     Government     Total      Reserve      Other       Debt     Government     Total      Reserve      Other
                                               Accounts                 System                             Accounts                 System
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995............................   4,920,586   1,316,208   3,604,378     374,114   3,230,264       67.2        18.0        49.2         5.1        44.1
1996............................   5,181,465   1,447,392   3,734,073     390,924   3,343,149       67.3        18.8        48.5         5.1        43.5
1997............................   5,369,206   1,596,862   3,772,344     424,518   3,347,826       65.6        19.5        46.1         5.2        40.9
1998............................   5,478,189   1,757,090   3,721,099     458,182   3,262,917       63.5        20.4        43.1         5.3        37.8
1999............................   5,605,523   1,973,160   3,632,363     496,644   3,135,719       61.4        21.6        39.8         5.4        34.4
 
2000............................   5,628,700   2,218,896   3,409,804     511,413   2,898,391       58.0        22.9        35.1         5.3        29.9
2001............................   5,769,881   2,450,266   3,319,615     534,135   2,785,480       57.4        24.4        33.0         5.3        27.7
2002............................   6,198,401   2,657,974   3,540,427     604,191   2,936,235       59.7        25.6        34.1         5.8        28.3
2003............................   6,760,014   2,846,570   3,913,443     656,116   3,257,327       62.5        26.3        36.2         6.1        30.1
2004............................   7,354,673   3,059,129   4,295,544     700,341   3,595,203       63.9        26.6        37.3         6.1        31.2
 
2005............................   7,905,300   3,313,088   4,592,213     736,360   3,855,853       64.4        27.0        37.4         6.0        31.4
2006............................   8,451,351   3,622,378   4,828,973     768,924   4,060,049       64.7        27.7        37.0         5.9        31.1
2007 estimate...................   9,007,765   3,924,487   5,083,278         N/A         N/A       65.5        28.5        36.9         N/A         N/A
2008 estimate...................   9,575,497   4,230,058   5,345,439         N/A         N/A       66.0        29.1        36.8         N/A         N/A
2009 estimate...................  10,138,314   4,584,680   5,553,634         N/A         N/A       66.2        30.0        36.3         N/A         N/A
 
2010 estimate...................  10,637,569   4,966,390   5,671,178         N/A         N/A       66.0        30.8        35.2         N/A         N/A
2011 estimate...................  11,114,768   5,366,475   5,748,292         N/A         N/A       65.6        31.7        33.9         N/A         N/A
2012 estimate...................  11,487,273   5,776,160   5,711,113         N/A         N/A       64.6        32.5        32.1         N/A         N/A
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
N/A: Not available.



[[Page 128]]

 
        Table 7.2--DEBT SUBJECT TO STATUTORY LIMIT: 1940-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                 Debt
        End of Fiscal Year         Debt Subject   End of Fiscal Year   Debt Subject   End of Fiscal Year  Debt Subject   End of Fiscal Year   Subject to
                                     to Limit                            to Limit                           to Limit                            Limit
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1940.............................       43,219   1959................      282,419   1977...............      699,963   1995...............    4,884,605
1941.............................       49,494   1960................      283,827   1978...............      772,691   1996...............    5,137,195
1942.............................       74,154   1961................      286,308   1979...............      827,615   1997...............    5,327,624
1943.............................      140,469   1962................      295,374   1980...............      908,723   1998...............    5,439,447
 
1944.............................      208,077   1963................      302,923   1981...............      998,818   1999...............    5,567,694
1945.............................      268,671   1964................      308,583   1982...............    1,142,913   2000...............    5,591,625
1946.............................      268,932   1965................      314,126   1983...............    1,377,953   2001...............    5,732,802
1947.............................      255,767   1966................      316,293   1984...............    1,572,975   2002...............    6,161,431
 
1948.............................      250,381   1967................      323,143   1985...............    1,823,775   2003...............    6,737,642
1949.............................      250,965   1968................      348,534   1986...............    2,110,975   2004...............    7,333,350
1950.............................      255,382   1969................      356,107   1987...............    2,336,014   2005...............    7,871,040
1951.............................      253,284   1970................      372,600   1988...............    2,586,869   2006...............    8,420,278
 
1952.............................      257,233   1971................      398,650   1989...............    2,829,770   2007 estimate......    8,976,867
1953.............................      264,220   1972................      427,751   1990...............    3,161,223   2008 estimate......    9,545,151
1954.............................      269,379   1973................      458,264   1991...............    3,569,300   2009 estimate......   10,110,613
1955.............................      272,348   1974................      475,181   1992...............    3,972,578   2010 estimate......   10,612,266
 
1956.............................      270,619   1975................      534,207   1993...............    4,315,571   2011 estimate......   11,091,998
1957.............................      269,120   1976................      621,556   1994...............    4,605,338   2012 estimate......   11,466,556
1958.............................      275,395   TQ..................      635,822
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 129]]

 
      Table 7.3--STATUTORY LIMITS ON FEDERAL DEBT: 1940-CURRENT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                Dollar Amount of
       Date and Act                               History of Legislation                             Limit
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       June 25, 1940
54 Stat. 526..............  Amended sec. 21, adding new authority for issuance of $4 billion      49,000,000,000
                             National Defense Series obligations outstanding.
 
     February 19, 1941
55 Stat. 7................  Amended sec. 21, eliminating authority for $4 billion of National     65,000,000,000
                             Defense Series obligations and increasing limitation to.
 
      March 28, 1942
56 Stat. 189..............  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to........................    125,000,000,000
 
      April 11, 1943
57 Stat. 63...............  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to........................    210,000,000,000
 
       June 9, 1944
58 Stat. 272..............  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to........................    260,000,000,000
 
       April 3, 1945
59 Stat. 47...............  Amended sec. 21, including obligations guaranteed as to principal
                             and interest by the United States and increasing
                            limitation to....................................................    300,000,000,000
 
       June 26, 1946
60 Stat. 316..............  Amended sec. 21, defining face amount of savings bonds to be         275,000,000,000
                             current redemption value and decreasing limitation to.
 
      August 28, 1954
68 Stat. 895..............  Increasing sec. 21 limitation by $6 billion during period            281,000,000,000
                             beginning August 28, 1954, and ending June 30, 1955.
 
       June 30, 1955
69 Stat. 241..............  Amended act of August 28,1954, extending increase in limitation      281,000,000,000
                             until June 30, 1956.
 
       July 9, 1956
70 Stat. 519..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $3 billion during period             278,000,000,000
                             beginning July 1, 1956, and ending June 30, 1957.
                            Temporary increase terminated July 1, 1957, and limitation           275,000,000,000
                             reverted to.
 
     February 26, 1958
72 Stat. 27...............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $5 billion during period             280,000,000,000
                             beginning February 26, 1958, and ending June 30, 1959.
 
     September 2, 1958
72 Stat. 1758.............  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to $283 billion, which        288,000,000,000
                             with temporary increase of February 26, 1958 made limitation.
 
       June 30, 1959
73 Stat. 156..............  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to $285 billion and
                             increased sec. 21 limitation by $10 billion during period
                            beginning July 1, 1959, and ending June 30, 1960.................    295,000,000,000
 
       June 30, 1960
74 Stat. 290..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $8 billion during period             293,000,000,000
                             beginning July 1, 1960, and ending June 30, 1961.
 
       June 30, 1961
75 Stat. 148..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $13 billion during period            298,000,000,000
                             beginning July 1, 1961, and ending June 30, 1962.
 
      March 13, 1962
76 Stat. 23...............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $2 billion (in addition to
                             temporary increase of $13 billion in act of June 30, 1961)
                            during period beginning March 13, 1962, and ending June 30, 1962.    300,000,000,000
 
       July 1, 1962
76 Stat. 124..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the periods:
                            (1) beginning July 1, 1962, and ending March 31, 1963, to........    308,000,000,000
                            (2) beginning April 1, 1963, and ending June 24, 1963, to........    305,000,000,000
                            (3) beginning June 25, 1963, and ending June 30, 1963, to........    300,000,000,000
 
       May 29, 1963
77 Stat. 90...............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the periods:
                            (1) beginning May 29, 1963, and ending June 30, 1963, to.........    307,000,000,000
                            (2) beginning July 1, 1963, and ending August 31, 1963, to.......    309,000,000,000
 
      August 27, 1963
77 Stat. 131..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning             309,000,000,000
                             September 1, 1963, and ending November 30, 1963, to.
 
     November 26, 1963
77 Stat. 342..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the periods:
                            (1) beginning December 1, 1963, and ending June 29, 1964, to.....    315,000,000,000
                            (2) ending June 30, 1964, to.....................................    309,000,000,000
 
       June 29, 1964
78 Stat. 225..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning June 29,    324,000,000,000
                             1964, and ending June 30, 1965, to.
 
       June 24, 1965
79 Stat. 172..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning July 1,     328,000,000,000
                             1965, and ending June 30, 1966, to.
 
       June 24, 1966
80 Stat. 221..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning July 1,     330,000,000,000
                             1966, and ending June 30, 1967, to.
 
       March 2, 1967
81 Stat. 4................  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning March 2,    336,000,000,000
                             1967, and ending June 30, 1967, to.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 130]]


                      Table 7.3--STATUTORY LIMITS ON FEDERAL DEBT: 1940-CURRENT--Continued
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                Dollar Amount of
       Date and Act                               History of Legislation                             Limit
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       June 30, 1967
81 Stat. 99...............  Sec. 21 amended to increase limitation on aggregate outstanding      358,000,000,000
                             at any time to.
                            Sec. 21 amended also to increase the limitation temporarily,
                             beginning July 1, 1968, and each July 1 thereafter for the
                            period beginning July 1 and ending June 29 of each succeeding
                             calendar year by $7 billion, providing an operating
                            limitation of....................................................    365,000,000,000
 
       April 7, 1969
83 Stat. 7................  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to $365 billion, and
                             increased sec. 21 limitation by $12 billion during period
                            beginning April 7, 1969, and ending June 30, 1970................    377,000,000,000
 
       June 30, 1970
84 Stat. 368..............  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to $380 billion, and
                             increased sec. 21 limitation by $15 billion during period
                            beginning July 1, 1970, and ending June 30, 1971.................    395,000,000,000
 
      March 17, 1971
85 Stat. 5................  Amended sec. 21, increasing limitation to $400 billion, and
                             increased sec. 21 limitation by $30 billion during period
                            beginning March 17, 1971, and ending June 30, 1972...............    430,000,000,000
 
      March 15, 1972
86 Stat. 63...............  Amended sec. 21, to further increase the limitation temporarily
                             by $20 billion during period beginning March 15, 1972, and
                            ending June 30, 1972.............................................    450,000,000,000
 
       July 1, 1972
86 Stat. 406..............  Amended act of March 15, 1972, striking out June 30, 1972, and       450,000,000,000
                             inserting in lieu thereof October 31, 1972.
 
     October 27, 1972
86 Stat. 1324.............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning November    465,000,000,000
                             1, 1972, and ending June 30, 1973.
 
       July 1, 1973
86 Stat. 1324.............  Amended act of October 27, 1972, striking out June 30, 1973, and     465,000,000,000
                             inserting in lieu thereof November 30, 1973.
 
     December 3, 1973
87 Stat. 691..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning December    475,700,000,000
                             3, 1973, and ending June 30, 1974.
 
       June 30, 1974
88 Stat. 285..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning June 30,    495,000,000,000
                             1974, and ending March 31, 1975.
 
     February 19, 1975
89 Stat. 5................  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning February    577,000,000,000
                             19, 1975, and ending June 30, 1975.
 
       June 30, 1975
89 Stat. 246..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning June 30,    577,000,000,000
                             1975, and ending November 15, 1975.
 
     November 14, 1975
89 Stat. 693..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning November    595,000,000,000
                             14, 1975, and ending March 15, 1976.
 
      March 15, 1976
90 Stat. 217..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the period beginning March       627,000,000,000
                             15, 1976, and ending June 30, 1976.
 
       June 30, 1976
90 Stat. 793..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation during the periods:
                            (1) beginning July 1, 1976, and ending September 30, 1976, to....    636,000,000,000
                            (2) beginning October 1, 1976, and ending March 31, 1977, to.....    682,000,000,000
                            (3) beginning April 1, 1977, and ending September 30, 1977, to...    700,000,000,000
                            Temporary increase terminated October 1, 1977, and limitation        400,000,000,000
                             reverted to.
 
      October 4, 1977
91 Stat. 1090.............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $352 billion during the period       752,000,000,000
                             beginning October 4, 1977, and ending March 31, 1978.
 
      March 27, 1978
92 Stat. 185..............  Amended act of October 4, 1977, striking out March 31, 1978, and     752,000,000,000
                             inserting in lieu thereof July 31, 1978.
                            Temporary increase terminated August 1, 1978, and limitation         400,000,000,000
                             reverted to.
 
      August 3, 1978
92 Stat. 419..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $398 billion during the period       798,000,000,000
                             beginning August 3, 1978, and ending March 31, 1979.
                            Temporary increase terminated April 1, 1979, and limitation          400,000,000,000
                             reverted to.
 
       April 2, 1979
93 Stat. 8................  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $430 billion during the period       830,000,000,000
                             beginning April 2, 1979, and ending September 30, 1979.
 
    September 29, 1979
93 Stat. 589..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $479 billion during the period       879,000,000,000
                             beginning September 29, 1979, and ending May 31, 1980.
 
       May 30, 1980
94 Stat. 421..............  Amended act of September 29, 1979, striking out May 31, 1980, and    879,000,000,000
                             inserting in lieu thereof June 5, 1980.
 
       June 6, 1980
94 Stat. 439..............  Amended act of September 29, 1979, striking out June 5, 1980, and    879,000,000,000
                             inserting in lieu thereof June 30, 1980.
 
       June 28, 1980
94 Stat. 598..............  Increased sec. 21 limitation by $525 billion during the period       925,000,000,000
                             beginning June 28, 1980, and ending February 28, 1981.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 131]]


                      Table 7.3--STATUTORY LIMITS ON FEDERAL DEBT: 1940-CURRENT--Continued
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                Dollar Amount of
       Date and Act                               History of Legislation                             Limit
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     December 19, 1980
94 Stat. 3261.............  Increased the total debt limit (composed of $400.0 billion of        935,100,000,000
                             permanent ceiling, $535.1 billion of temporary ceiling) to.
 
     February 7, 1981
95 Stat. 4................  Increased the temporary portion of the debt limit to $585.0
                             billion through September 30, 1980, raising the total debt
                            ceiling to.......................................................    985,000,000,000
 
    September 30, 1981
95 Stat. 955..............  Increased the temporary portion of the debt limit to $599.8          999,800,000,000
                             billion for one day--September 30, 1981.
 
    September 30, 1981
95 Stat. 956..............  Increased the temporary portion of the debt limit to $679.8        1,079,800,000,000
                             billion through September 30, 1982.
 
       June 28, 1982
96 Stat. 130..............  Increased the temporary portion of the debt limit to $743.1        1,143,100,000,000
                             billion through September 30, 1982.
 
    September 30, 1982
96 Stat. 1156.............  Increased the temporary portion of the debt limit to $890.2        1,290,200,000,000
                             billion through September 30, 1983.
 
       May 26, 1983
97 Stat. 196..............  Eliminated the distinction between permanent and temporary limit
                             with the enactment of a single permanent limit.
                            Raised the debt limit to.........................................  1,389,000,000,000
 
     November 21, 1983
97 Stat. 1012.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  1,490,000,000,000
 
       May 25, 1984
98 Stat. 217..............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  1,520,000,000,000
 
       July 6, 1984
98 Stat. 313..............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  1,573,000,000,000
 
     October 13, 1984
98 Stat. 2206.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  1,823,800,000,000
 
     November 14, 1985
99 Stat. 814..............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through December 6, 1985 to.  1,903,800,000,000
 
     December 12, 1985
99 Stat. 1037.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  2,078,700,000,000
 
      August 21, 1986
100 Stat. 818.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  2,111,000,000,000
 
     October 21, 1986
100 Stat. 1874............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through May 15, 1987 to.....  2,300,000,000,000
 
       May 15, 1987
101 Stat. 308.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through July 17, 1987 to....  2,320,000,000,000
 
       July 30, 1987
101 Stat. 542.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through August 6, 1987 to...  2,320,000,000,000
 
      August 10, 1987
101 Stat. 550.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through September 23, 1987    2,352,000,000,000
                             to.
 
    September 29, 1987
101 Stat. 754.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  2,800,000,000,000
 
      August 7, 1989
103 Stat. 182.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through October 31, 1989 to.  2,870,000,000,000
 
     November 8, 1989
103 Stat. 830.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  3,122,700,000,000
 
      August 9, 1990
104 Stat. 403.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through October 2, 1990 to..  3,195,000,000,000
 
      October 2, 1990
104 Stat. 878.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through October 6, 1990 to..  3,195,000,000,000
 
      October 9, 1990
104 Stat. 894.............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through October 19, 1990 to.  3,195,000,000,000
 
     October 19, 1990
104 Stat. 1030............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through October 24, 1990 to.  3,195,000,000,000
 
     October 25, 1990
104 Stat. 1075............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through October 27, 1990 to.  3,195,000,000,000
 
     October 28, 1990
104 Stat. 1086............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through November 5, 1990 to.  3,230,000,000,000
 
     November 5, 1990
104 Stat. 1388-560........  Increased the debt limit to......................................  4,145,000,000,000
 
       April 6, 1993
107 Stat. 42..............  Increased the debt limit temporarily through September 30, 1993    4,370,000,000,000
                             to.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 132]]


                      Table 7.3--STATUTORY LIMITS ON FEDERAL DEBT: 1940-CURRENT--Continued
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                Dollar Amount of
       Date and Act                               History of Legislation                             Limit
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      August 10, 1993
107 Stat. 312.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  4,900,000,000,000
 
     February 8, 1996
110 Stat. 55..............  Temporarily exempted from limit obligations in an amount equal to
                             the monthly insurance benefits payable under Title II of
                            the Social Security Act in March 1996, the exemption to expire on
                             the earlier of an increase in the limit or March 15, 1996.
 
      March 12, 1996
110 Stat. 825.............  Temporarily exempted from limit (a) obligations in an amount
                             equal to the monthly insurance benefits payable under Title II
                             of
                            the Social Security Act in March 1996 and (b) certain obligations
                             issued to trust funds and other Federal Government accounts,
                            both exemptions to expire on the earlier of an increase in the
                             limit or March 30, 1996.
 
      March 29, 1996
110 Stat. 875.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  5,500,000,000,000
 
      August 5, 1997
111 Stat. 648.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  5,950,000,000,000
 
       June 28, 2002
116 Stat. 734.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  6,400,000,000,000
 
       May 27, 2003
117 Stat. 710.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  7,384,000,000,000
 
     November 19, 2004
118 Stat. 2337............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  8,184,000,000,000
 
      March 20, 2006
120 Stat. 289.............  Increased the debt limit to......................................  8,965,000,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 133]]

 
   Table 8.1--OUTLAYS BY BUDGET ENFORCEMENT ACT CATEGORY: 1962-2012
                                                                                    (in billions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Discretionary                                                Mandatory and Net Interest
                                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                         Mandatory
                                                  Total                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Fiscal Year                    Outlays            National                                                         Programmatic                                          Net
                                                            Total    Defense  Nondefense    Total            ----------------------------------------------------------- Undistributed  Interest
                                                                                                      Total              Social    Deposit     Means Tested                Offsetting
                                                                                                                Total   Security  Insurance  Entitlements \1\    Other    Receipts \2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1962..........................................     106.8      72.1      52.6       19.5       34.7      27.9      33.1      14.0       -0.4           4.3          15.1         -5.3         6.9
1963..........................................     111.3      75.3      53.7       21.6       36.0      28.3      34.1      15.5       -0.4           4.7          14.3         -5.8         7.7
1964..........................................     118.5      79.1      55.0       24.1       39.4      31.2      36.9      16.2       -0.4           5.0          16.1         -5.7         8.2
 
1965..........................................     118.2      77.8      51.0       26.8       40.4      31.8      37.8      17.1       -0.4           5.2          15.8         -5.9         8.6
1966..........................................     134.5      90.1      59.0       31.1       44.4      35.0      41.5      20.3       -0.5           5.8          16.0         -6.5         9.4
1967..........................................     157.5     106.5      72.0       34.5       51.0      40.7      48.0      21.3       -0.4           6.2          20.9         -7.3        10.3
1968..........................................     178.1     118.0      82.2       35.8       60.2      49.1      57.1      23.3       -0.5           7.5          26.8         -8.0        11.1
1969..........................................     183.6     117.3      82.7       34.6       66.3      53.6      61.6      26.7       -0.6           8.6          26.9         -8.0        12.7
 
1970..........................................     195.6     120.3      81.9       38.3       75.4      61.0      69.6      29.6       -0.5          10.1          30.4         -8.6        14.4
1971..........................................     210.2     122.5      79.0       43.5       87.6      72.8      82.9      35.1       -0.4          13.4          34.8        -10.1        14.8
1972..........................................     230.7     128.5      79.3       49.2      102.1      86.7      96.2      39.4       -0.6          16.9          40.6         -9.6        15.5
1973..........................................     245.7     130.4      77.1       53.3      115.3      98.0     111.4      48.2       -0.8          16.7          47.3        -13.4        17.3
1974..........................................     269.4     138.2      80.7       57.5      131.1     109.7     126.4      55.0       -0.6          20.2          51.9        -16.7        21.4
 
1975..........................................     332.3     158.0      87.6       70.3      174.4     151.1     164.7      63.6        0.5          25.7          75.0        -13.6        23.2
1976..........................................     371.8     175.6      89.9       85.7      196.2     169.5     183.9      72.7       -0.6          30.5          81.3        -14.4        26.7
TQ............................................      96.0      48.1      22.3       25.7       47.9      41.0      45.2      19.5       -0.1           7.6          18.2         -4.2         6.9
1977..........................................     409.2     197.1      97.5       99.6      212.1     182.2     197.1      83.7       -2.8          33.2          83.0        -14.9        29.9
1978..........................................     458.7     218.7     104.6      114.1      240.0     204.6     220.3      92.4       -1.0          35.2          93.7        -15.7        35.5
1979..........................................     504.0     240.0     116.8      123.2      264.0     221.4     238.9     102.6       -1.7          38.3          99.7        -17.5        42.6
 
1980..........................................     590.9     276.3     134.6      141.7      314.6     262.1     282.0     117.1       -0.4          45.0         120.4        -19.9        52.5
1981..........................................     678.2     307.9     158.0      149.9      370.3     301.6     329.6     137.9       -1.4          52.2         140.9        -28.0        68.8
1982..........................................     745.7     326.0     185.9      140.0      419.8     334.8     360.9     153.9       -2.1          52.2         156.8        -26.1        85.0
1983..........................................     808.4     353.3     209.9      143.4      455.0     365.2     399.2     168.5       -1.2          57.3         174.6        -34.0        89.8
1984..........................................     851.9     379.4     228.0      151.4      472.4     361.3     393.3     176.1       -0.8          58.6         159.4        -32.0       111.1
 
1985..........................................     946.4     415.8     253.1      162.7      530.6     401.1     433.8     186.4       -2.2          62.9         186.6        -32.7       129.5
1986..........................................     990.4     438.5     273.8      164.7      551.9     415.9     448.9     196.5        1.5          66.9         183.9        -33.0       136.0
1987..........................................   1,004.1     444.2     282.5      161.7      559.9     421.3     463.6     205.1        3.1          70.8         184.6        -42.3       138.6
1988..........................................   1,064.5     464.4     290.9      173.5      600.0     448.2     492.9     216.8       10.0          78.1         188.0        -44.7       151.8
1989..........................................   1,143.8     488.8     304.0      184.8      655.0     486.0     530.3     230.4       22.0          85.4         192.5        -44.3       169.0
 
1990..........................................   1,253.1     500.6     300.1      200.4      752.6     568.2     604.9     246.5       57.9          95.7         204.8        -36.7       184.3
1991..........................................   1,324.3     533.3     319.7      213.6      791.0     596.6     635.9     266.8       66.2         117.3         185.7        -39.4       194.4
1992..........................................   1,381.6     533.8     302.6      231.2      847.8     648.5     687.8     285.2        2.6         143.6         256.4        -39.3       199.3
1993..........................................   1,409.5     539.4     292.4      247.0      870.1     671.4     708.8     302.0      -28.0         159.1         275.7        -37.4       198.7
1994..........................................   1,461.9     541.4     282.3      259.1      920.5     717.6     755.3     316.9       -7.6         173.4         272.6        -37.8       202.9
 
1995..........................................   1,515.9     544.9     273.6      271.3      971.0     738.9     783.3     333.3      -17.9         184.8         283.1        -44.5       232.1
1996..........................................   1,560.6     532.7     266.0      266.7    1,027.9     786.8     824.5     347.1       -8.4         191.0         294.8        -37.6       241.1
1997..........................................   1,601.3     547.2     271.7      275.6    1,054.1     810.1     860.1     362.3      -14.4         198.0         314.2        -50.0       244.0
1998..........................................   1,652.7     552.1     270.2      281.9    1,100.6     859.5     906.7     376.1       -4.4         204.8         330.1        -47.2       241.1
1999..........................................   1,702.0     572.0     275.5      296.5    1,130.0     900.3     940.7     387.0       -5.3         217.0         342.0        -40.4       229.8
 
2000..........................................   1,789.2     614.8     295.0      319.9    1,174.4     951.4     994.0     406.0       -3.1         232.6         358.4        -42.6       222.9
2001..........................................   1,863.2     649.3     306.1      343.3    1,213.9   1,007.7   1,054.7     429.4       -1.6         248.1         378.8        -47.0       206.2
2002..........................................   2,011.2     734.3     349.0      385.4    1,276.8   1,105.9   1,153.3     452.1       -1.0         280.8         421.4        -47.4       170.9
2003..........................................   2,160.1     825.4     405.0      420.5    1,334.7   1,181.6   1,236.0     470.5       -1.4         306.7         460.3        -54.4       153.1
2004..........................................   2,293.0     895.5     454.1      441.4    1,397.5   1,237.3   1,295.8     491.5       -2.0         328.6         477.6        -58.5       160.2
 
2005..........................................   2,472.2     968.5     493.6      474.8    1,503.8   1,319.8   1,385.0     518.7       -1.4         350.9         516.7        -65.2       184.0
2006..........................................   2,655.4   1,016.7     520.0      496.7    1,638.7   1,412.1   1,480.4     543.9       -1.1         350.8         586.8        -68.2       226.6
2007 estimate.................................   2,784.3   1,079.9     568.8      511.0    1,704.4   1,465.3   1,547.1     581.9       -2.2         363.9         603.5        -81.8       239.2
2008 estimate.................................   2,901.9   1,113.8     602.9      510.8    1,788.1   1,526.8   1,613.1     607.7       -3.4         382.0         626.8        -86.3       261.3
2009 estimate.................................   2,985.5   1,098.5     598.5      500.1    1,887.0   1,612.8   1,701.5     639.7       -5.6         400.6         666.9        -88.7       274.2
 
2010 estimate.................................   3,049.1   1,056.2     562.1      494.1    1,992.9   1,712.0   1,794.9     677.6       -5.9         424.0         699.2        -82.8       280.8
2011 estimate.................................   3,157.3   1,044.7     553.2      491.5    2,112.7   1,829.0   1,918.2     716.6       -6.1         450.9         756.7        -89.2       283.7
2012 estimate.................................   3,246.3   1,038.8     546.0      492.8    2,207.5   1,922.5   2,014.9     789.8       -3.9         464.9         764.1        -92.4       284.9
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes Medicaid, food stamps, family support assistance (AFDC), supplemental security income (SSI), child nutrition programs, refundable portions of earned income tax credits (EITC and
  HITC) and child tax credit, welfare contingency fund, child care entitlement to States, temporary assistance to needy families, foster care and adoption assistance, State children's health
  insurance and veterans pensions.
\2\ Including asset sales.



[[Page 134]]

 
    Table 8.2--OUTLAYS BY BUDGET ENFORCEMENT ACT CATEGORY IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012
                                                                                    (in billions of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Discretionary                                                Mandatory and Net Interest
                                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                         Mandatory
                                                  Total                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Fiscal Year                    Outlays            National                                                         Programmatic                                          Net
                                                            Total    Defense  Nondefense    Total            ----------------------------------------------------------- Undistributed  Interest
                                                                                                      Total              Social    Deposit     Means Tested                Offsetting
                                                                                                                Total   Security  Insurance  Entitlements \1\    Other    Receipts \2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1962..........................................     592.5     432.5     317.1      115.4      159.8     127.8     163.2      66.1       -2.4          20.5          79.0        -35.4        32.0
1963..........................................     594.3     432.6     311.2      121.4      161.5     126.0     163.8      71.9       -2.4          21.9          72.3        -37.8        35.5
1964..........................................     623.8     447.1     316.5      130.6      176.8     139.6     175.9      74.6       -2.4          22.9          80.7        -36.2        37.1
 
1965..........................................     613.2     434.0     294.1      140.0      179.3     141.1     176.7      77.3       -2.0          23.7          77.8        -35.7        38.3
1966..........................................     681.5     487.7     327.8      160.0      193.8     152.8     191.0      90.1       -2.5          25.8          77.6        -38.2        40.9
1967..........................................     777.2     559.8     386.4      173.4      217.3     173.9     215.1      92.3       -2.0          26.9          97.9        -41.1        43.4
1968..........................................     847.0     596.5     421.3      175.2      250.5     205.3     248.8      97.9       -2.5          31.6         121.8        -43.5        45.2
1969..........................................     823.5     559.6     401.1      158.5      263.7     214.2     254.6     107.6       -2.7          34.8         115.0        -40.5        49.5
 
1970..........................................     828.0     542.0     376.1      165.9      286.2     233.0     273.7     113.9       -2.1          38.8         123.1        -40.7        53.2
1971..........................................     834.3     516.9     341.4      175.4      317.5     265.2     309.5     129.2       -1.5          49.1         132.7        -44.3        52.3
1972..........................................     857.6     498.5     311.0      187.5      358.9     306.9     345.9     139.4       -2.2          59.9         148.8        -39.0        52.1
1973..........................................     867.3     474.3     280.1      194.2      392.9     337.0     388.8     164.4       -2.8          57.1         170.2        -51.8        55.9
1974..........................................     877.4     467.2     272.1      195.1      410.0     345.6     406.2     173.6       -2.0          63.7         171.0        -60.6        64.5
 
1975..........................................     982.1     484.0     266.1      218.0      497.9     434.6     479.4     182.0        1.6          73.5         222.3        -44.8        63.3
1976..........................................   1,021.4     498.5     253.4      245.2      523.0     455.1     498.4     195.3       -1.6          81.9         222.7        -43.3        67.9
TQ............................................     255.8     132.3      61.2       71.1      123.5     106.4     118.6      50.7       -0.2          19.8          48.3        -12.2        17.1
1977..........................................   1,040.2     513.4     251.3      262.2      526.6     456.0     496.4     209.1       -7.1          83.1         211.3        -40.4        70.6
1978..........................................   1,093.6     535.4     251.5      283.9      558.3     479.8     520.1     216.3       -2.4          82.4         223.8        -40.3        78.5
1979..........................................   1,107.3     541.3     258.4      282.9      566.0     478.7     520.7     221.8       -3.9          82.9         220.0        -42.0        87.3
 
1980..........................................   1,175.1     563.5     268.3      295.1      611.6     512.6     556.2     229.1       -0.8          88.1         239.8        -43.5        98.9
1981..........................................   1,219.4     565.1     283.0      282.1      654.4     536.4     591.6     246.0       -2.6          93.2         254.9        -55.2       118.0
1982..........................................   1,251.7     554.6     308.0      246.6      697.2     560.7     609.4     258.7       -3.7          87.8         266.6        -48.7       136.5
1983..........................................   1,294.4     572.2     330.6      241.6      722.2     584.1     644.5     270.8       -2.0          92.1         283.6        -60.4       138.1
1984..........................................   1,299.5     579.9     334.9      245.0      719.7     554.9     610.5     272.4       -1.4          90.8         248.7        -55.5       164.7
 
1985..........................................   1,395.7     611.8     357.0      254.7      783.8     597.9     652.6     279.0       -3.4          94.2         282.8        -54.8       186.0
1986..........................................   1,425.7     632.2     381.4      250.8      793.7     602.8     656.8     286.5        2.3          97.6         270.4        -54.0       190.9
1987..........................................   1,405.7     625.7     387.9      237.8      780.0     590.4     657.5     290.0        4.6         100.1         262.8        -67.2       189.6
1988..........................................   1,446.5     640.6     393.9      246.7      805.9     604.6     673.3     295.2       14.5         106.3         257.3        -68.7       201.3
1989..........................................   1,498.9     654.9     399.6      255.3      843.9     628.2     694.7     300.4       31.3         111.3         251.7        -66.5       215.7
 
1990..........................................   1,589.9     652.2     383.7      268.5      937.6     710.7     764.3     308.3       80.5         119.6         255.9        -53.6       226.9
1991..........................................   1,609.9     663.0     390.4      272.6      946.9     716.3     770.3     320.2       87.1         140.8         222.3        -54.0       230.7
1992..........................................   1,623.9     643.2     359.3      283.9      980.8     750.1     802.8     332.6        3.3         167.5         299.4        -52.7       230.7
1993..........................................   1,615.5     632.7     341.8      290.9      982.8     758.0     805.5     343.7      -33.3         181.1         314.1        -47.5       224.8
1994..........................................   1,642.2     621.6     323.6      298.0    1,020.6     795.8     841.8     353.4       -8.8         193.4         303.9        -46.1       224.8
 
1995..........................................   1,662.2     609.2     307.5      301.7    1,052.9     801.1     853.6     363.5      -20.0         201.6         308.5        -52.6       251.8
1996..........................................   1,673.0     577.9     289.4      288.5    1,095.2     838.6     881.1     371.0       -9.1         204.2         315.0        -42.5       256.6
1997..........................................   1,684.2     582.4     289.6      292.8    1,101.8     846.6     901.5     379.9      -15.3         207.7         329.2        -54.9       255.2
1998..........................................   1,721.0     581.0     284.5      296.5    1,140.0     890.8     941.4     390.6       -4.6         212.7         342.8        -50.6       249.2
1999..........................................   1,746.0     590.2     284.3      306.0    1,155.9     921.5     963.7     396.4       -5.5         222.3         350.4        -42.2       234.4
 
2000..........................................   1,789.2     614.8     295.0      319.9    1,174.4     951.4     994.0     406.0       -3.1         232.6         358.4        -42.6       222.9
2001..........................................   1,820.6     633.4     298.4      335.0    1,187.2     985.8   1,031.6     420.0       -1.5         242.7         370.4        -45.8       201.4
2002..........................................   1,929.2     696.8     329.8      367.1    1,232.2   1,068.4   1,112.6     436.1       -1.0         270.9         406.6        -44.2       163.9
2003..........................................   2,018.2     753.6     364.5      389.1    1,264.7   1,120.9   1,169.6     445.2       -1.3         290.1         435.6        -48.7       143.8
2004..........................................   2,082.1     786.8     392.8      394.0    1,295.4   1,148.6   1,198.3     454.4       -1.8         303.8         441.8        -49.7       146.8
 
2005..........................................   2,167.3     811.5     406.4      405.1    1,355.7   1,192.2   1,245.0     466.2       -1.2         315.2         464.7        -52.8       163.5
2006..........................................   2,247.1     823.5     415.7      407.8    1,423.6   1,228.2   1,281.8     471.2       -0.9         303.5         508.0        -53.5       195.4
2007 estimate.................................   2,305.4     854.4     444.3      410.1    1,451.0   1,249.9   1,312.5     493.5       -1.8         308.4         512.4        -62.6       201.1
2008 estimate.................................   2,341.7     857.8     458.6      399.2    1,483.9   1,269.4   1,333.8     502.3       -2.7         315.5         518.7        -64.4       214.5
2009 estimate.................................   2,351.3     825.3     445.0      380.2    1,526.1   1,306.0   1,370.9     515.4       -4.3         322.4         537.4        -64.8       220.1
 
2010 estimate.................................   2,347.6     775.3     409.2      366.1    1,572.4   1,351.7   1,410.9     532.6       -4.5         333.0         549.9        -59.2       220.7
2011 estimate.................................   2,378.0     749.7     394.5      355.2    1,628.3   1,409.9   1,472.4     550.0       -4.5         345.9         581.0        -62.5       218.4
2012 estimate.................................   2,392.8     729.5     381.8      347.7    1,663.3   1,448.2   1,511.7     592.6       -2.9         348.6         573.4        -63.5       215.1
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes Medicaid, food stamps, family support assistance (AFDC), supplemental security income (SSI), child nutrition programs, earned income tax credits (EITC and HITC), welfare
  contingency fund, child care entitlement to States, temporary assistance to needy families, State children's health insurance and veterans pensions.
\2\ Including asset sales.



[[Page 135]]

 
   Table 8.3--PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY BUDGET ENFORCEMENT ACT CATEGORY: 1962-2012
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Discretionary                                                Mandatory and Net Interest
                                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                         Mandatory
                                                  Total                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Fiscal Year                    Outlays            National                                                         Programmatic                                          Net
                                                            Total    Defense  Nondefense    Total            ----------------------------------------------------------- Undistributed  Interest
                                                                                                      Total              Social    Deposit     Means Tested                Offsetting
                                                                                                                Total   Security  Insurance  Entitlements \1\    Other    Receipts \2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1962..........................................     100.0      67.5      49.2       18.3       32.5      26.1      31.0      13.2       -0.4           4.1          14.2         -4.9         6.4
1963..........................................     100.0      67.6      48.3       19.4       32.4      25.4      30.6      13.9       -0.4           4.2          12.9         -5.2         7.0
1964..........................................     100.0      66.8      46.4       20.3       33.2      26.3      31.1      13.7       -0.4           4.2          13.6         -4.8         6.9
 
1965..........................................     100.0      65.8      43.2       22.6       34.2      26.9      31.9      14.4       -0.3           4.4          13.4         -5.0         7.3
1966..........................................     100.0      67.0      43.9       23.2       33.0      26.0      30.9      15.1       -0.4           4.3          11.9         -4.9         7.0
1967..........................................     100.0      67.6      45.7       21.9       32.4      25.9      30.5      13.5       -0.3           3.9          13.3         -4.6         6.5
1968..........................................     100.0      66.2      46.1       20.1       33.8      27.5      32.1      13.1       -0.3           4.2          15.1         -4.5         6.2
1969..........................................     100.0      63.9      45.0       18.8       36.1      29.2      33.5      14.5       -0.3           4.7          14.6         -4.3         6.9
 
1970..........................................     100.0      61.5      41.9       19.6       38.5      31.2      35.6      15.2       -0.3           5.2          15.5         -4.4         7.4
1971..........................................     100.0      58.3      37.6       20.7       41.7      34.6      39.4      16.7       -0.2           6.4          16.6         -4.8         7.1
1972..........................................     100.0      55.7      34.4       21.3       44.3      37.6      41.7      17.1       -0.3           7.3          17.6         -4.2         6.7
1973..........................................     100.0      53.1      31.4       21.7       46.9      39.9      45.3      19.6       -0.3           6.8          19.2         -5.5         7.1
1974..........................................     100.0      51.3      30.0       21.3       48.7      40.7      46.9      20.4       -0.2           7.5          19.3         -6.2         8.0
 
1975..........................................     100.0      47.5      26.4       21.2       52.5      45.5      49.6      19.1        0.2           7.7          22.6         -4.1         7.0
1976..........................................     100.0      47.2      24.2       23.1       52.8      45.6      49.5      19.6       -0.2           8.2          21.9         -3.9         7.2
TQ............................................     100.0      50.1      23.2       26.8       49.9      42.7      47.1      20.3       -0.1           7.9          19.0         -4.4         7.2
1977..........................................     100.0      48.2      23.8       24.3       51.8      44.5      48.2      20.5       -0.7           8.1          20.3         -3.6         7.3
1978..........................................     100.0      47.7      22.8       24.9       52.3      44.6      48.0      20.2       -0.2           7.7          20.4         -3.4         7.7
1979..........................................     100.0      47.6      23.2       24.4       52.4      43.9      47.4      20.4       -0.3           7.6          19.8         -3.5         8.5
 
1980..........................................     100.0      46.8      22.8       24.0       53.2      44.4      47.7      19.8       -0.1           7.6          20.4         -3.4         8.9
1981..........................................     100.0      45.4      23.3       22.1       54.6      44.5      48.6      20.3       -0.2           7.7          20.8         -4.1        10.1
1982..........................................     100.0      43.7      24.9       18.8       56.3      44.9      48.4      20.6       -0.3           7.0          21.0         -3.5        11.4
1983..........................................     100.0      43.7      26.0       17.7       56.3      45.2      49.4      20.8       -0.1           7.1          21.6         -4.2        11.1
1984..........................................     100.0      44.5      26.8       17.8       55.5      42.4      46.2      20.7       -0.1           6.9          18.7         -3.8        13.0
 
1985..........................................     100.0      43.9      26.7       17.2       56.1      42.4      45.8      19.7       -0.2           6.6          19.7         -3.5        13.7
1986..........................................     100.0      44.3      27.6       16.6       55.7      42.0      45.3      19.8        0.2           6.8          18.6         -3.3        13.7
1987..........................................     100.0      44.2      28.1       16.1       55.8      42.0      46.2      20.4        0.3           7.0          18.4         -4.2        13.8
1988..........................................     100.0      43.6      27.3       16.3       56.4      42.1      46.3      20.4        0.9           7.3          17.7         -4.2        14.3
1989..........................................     100.0      42.7      26.6       16.2       57.3      42.5      46.4      20.1        1.9           7.5          16.8         -3.9        14.8
 
1990..........................................     100.0      39.9      24.0       16.0       60.1      45.3      48.3      19.7        4.6           7.6          16.3         -2.9        14.7
1991..........................................     100.0      40.3      24.1       16.1       59.7      45.0      48.0      20.1        5.0           8.9          14.0         -3.0        14.7
1992..........................................     100.0      38.6      21.9       16.7       61.4      46.9      49.8      20.6        0.2          10.4          18.6         -2.8        14.4
1993..........................................     100.0      38.3      20.7       17.5       61.7      47.6      50.3      21.4       -2.0          11.3          19.6         -2.7        14.1
1994..........................................     100.0      37.0      19.3       17.7       63.0      49.1      51.7      21.7       -0.5          11.9          18.6         -2.6        13.9
 
1995..........................................     100.0      35.9      18.0       17.9       64.1      48.7      51.7      22.0       -1.2          12.2          18.7         -2.9        15.3
1996..........................................     100.0      34.1      17.0       17.1       65.9      50.4      52.8      22.2       -0.5          12.2          18.9         -2.4        15.4
1997..........................................     100.0      34.2      17.0       17.2       65.8      50.6      53.7      22.6       -0.9          12.4          19.6         -3.1        15.2
1998..........................................     100.0      33.4      16.4       17.1       66.6      52.0      54.9      22.8       -0.3          12.4          20.0         -2.9        14.6
1999..........................................     100.0      33.6      16.2       17.4       66.4      52.9      55.3      22.7       -0.3          12.8          20.1         -2.4        13.5
 
2000..........................................     100.0      34.4      16.5       17.9       65.6      53.2      55.6      22.7       -0.2          13.0          20.0         -2.4        12.5
2001..........................................     100.0      34.9      16.4       18.4       65.1      54.1      56.6      23.0       -0.1          13.3          20.3         -2.5        11.1
2002..........................................     100.0      36.5      17.4       19.2       63.5      55.0      57.3      22.5       -0.1          14.0          21.0         -2.4         8.5
2003..........................................     100.0      38.2      18.7       19.5       61.8      54.7      57.2      21.8       -0.1          14.2          21.3         -2.5         7.1
2004..........................................     100.0      39.1      19.8       19.2       60.9      54.0      56.5      21.4       -0.1          14.3          20.8         -2.6         7.0
 
2005..........................................     100.0      39.2      20.0       19.2       60.8      53.4      56.0      21.0       -0.1          14.2          20.9         -2.6         7.4
2006..........................................     100.0      38.3      19.6       18.7       61.7      53.2      55.7      20.5         -*          13.2          22.1         -2.6         8.5
2007 estimate.................................     100.0      38.8      20.4       18.4       61.2      52.6      55.6      20.9       -0.1          13.1          21.7         -2.9         8.6
2008 estimate.................................     100.0      38.4      20.8       17.6       61.6      52.6      55.6      20.9       -0.1          13.2          21.6         -3.0         9.0
2009 estimate.................................     100.0      36.8      20.0       16.7       63.2      54.0      57.0      21.4       -0.2          13.4          22.3         -3.0         9.2
 
2010 estimate.................................     100.0      34.6      18.4       16.2       65.4      56.1      58.9      22.2       -0.2          13.9          22.9         -2.7         9.2
2011 estimate.................................     100.0      33.1      17.5       15.6       66.9      57.9      60.8      22.7       -0.2          14.3          24.0         -2.8         9.0
2012 estimate.................................     100.0      32.0      16.8       15.2       68.0      59.2      62.1      24.3       -0.1          14.3          23.5         -2.8         8.8
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.
\1\ Includes Medicaid, food stamps, family support assistance (AFDC), supplemental security income (SSI), child nutrition programs, earned income tax credits (EITC and HITC), welfare
  contingency fund, child care entitlement to States, temporary assistance to needy families, State children's health insurance and veterans pensions.
\2\ Including asset sales.



[[Page 136]]

 
   Table 8.4--OUTLAYS BY BUDGET ENFORCEMENT ACT CATEGORY AS PERCENTAGES OF GDP: 1962-2012
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Discretionary                                                Mandatory and Net Interest
                                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                         Mandatory
                                                  Total                                            ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Fiscal Year                    Outlays            National                                                         Programmatic                                          Net
                                                            Total    Defense  Nondefense    Total            ----------------------------------------------------------- Undistributed  Interest
                                                                                                      Total              Social    Deposit     Means Tested                Offsetting
                                                                                                                Total   Security  Insurance  Entitlements \1\    Other    Receipts \2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1962..........................................      18.8      12.7       9.3        3.4        6.1       4.9       5.8       2.5       -0.1           0.8           2.7         -0.9         1.2
1963..........................................      18.6      12.6       9.0        3.6        6.0       4.7       5.7       2.6       -0.1           0.8           2.4         -1.0         1.3
1964..........................................      18.5      12.4       8.6        3.8        6.2       4.9       5.8       2.5       -0.1           0.8           2.5         -0.9         1.3
 
1965..........................................      17.2      11.3       7.4        3.9        5.9       4.6       5.5       2.5       -0.1           0.8           2.3         -0.9         1.3
1966..........................................      17.9      12.0       7.8        4.1        5.9       4.6       5.5       2.7       -0.1           0.8           2.1         -0.9         1.2
1967..........................................      19.4      13.1       8.9        4.2        6.3       5.0       5.9       2.6         -*           0.8           2.6         -0.9         1.3
1968..........................................      20.6      13.6       9.5        4.1        6.9       5.7       6.6       2.7       -0.1           0.9           3.1         -0.9         1.3
1969..........................................      19.4      12.4       8.7        3.6        7.0       5.7       6.5       2.8       -0.1           0.9           2.8         -0.8         1.3
 
1970..........................................      19.3      11.9       8.1        3.8        7.4       6.0       6.9       2.9         -*           1.0           3.0         -0.9         1.4
1971..........................................      19.5      11.3       7.3        4.0        8.1       6.7       7.7       3.3         -*           1.2           3.2         -0.9         1.4
1972..........................................      19.6      10.9       6.7        4.2        8.7       7.4       8.2       3.3       -0.1           1.4           3.4         -0.8         1.3
1973..........................................      18.8      10.0       5.9        4.1        8.8       7.5       8.5       3.7       -0.1           1.3           3.6         -1.0         1.3
1974..........................................      18.7       9.6       5.6        4.0        9.1       7.6       8.8       3.8         -*           1.4           3.6         -1.2         1.5
 
1975..........................................      21.3      10.1       5.6        4.5       11.2       9.7      10.6       4.1          *           1.6           4.8         -0.9         1.5
1976..........................................      21.4      10.1       5.2        4.9       11.3       9.8      10.6       4.2         -*           1.8           4.7         -0.8         1.5
TQ............................................      21.0      10.5       4.9        5.6       10.5       9.0       9.9       4.3         -*           1.7           4.0         -0.9         1.5
1977..........................................      20.7      10.0       4.9        5.0       10.7       9.2      10.0       4.2       -0.1           1.7           4.2         -0.8         1.5
1978..........................................      20.7       9.9       4.7        5.1       10.8       9.2       9.9       4.2         -*           1.6           4.2         -0.7         1.6
1979..........................................      20.2       9.6       4.7        4.9       10.6       8.9       9.6       4.1       -0.1           1.5           4.0         -0.7         1.7
 
1980..........................................      21.7      10.1       4.9        5.2       11.5       9.6      10.3       4.3         -*           1.6           4.4         -0.7         1.9
1981..........................................      22.2      10.1       5.2        4.9       12.1       9.9      10.8       4.5         -*           1.7           4.6         -0.9         2.3
1982..........................................      23.1      10.1       5.8        4.3       13.0      10.4      11.2       4.8       -0.1           1.6           4.9         -0.8         2.6
1983..........................................      23.5      10.3       6.1        4.2       13.2      10.6      11.6       4.9         -*           1.7           5.1         -1.0         2.6
1984..........................................      22.2       9.9       5.9        3.9       12.3       9.4      10.2       4.6         -*           1.5           4.2         -0.8         2.9
 
1985..........................................      22.9      10.0       6.1        3.9       12.8       9.7      10.5       4.5       -0.1           1.5           4.5         -0.8         3.1
1986..........................................      22.4       9.9       6.2        3.7       12.5       9.4      10.2       4.5          *           1.5           4.2         -0.7         3.1
1987..........................................      21.6       9.6       6.1        3.5       12.0       9.1      10.0       4.4        0.1           1.5           4.0         -0.9         3.0
1988..........................................      21.3       9.3       5.8        3.5       12.0       8.9       9.8       4.3        0.2           1.6           3.8         -0.9         3.0
1989..........................................      21.2       9.1       5.6        3.4       12.1       9.0       9.8       4.3        0.4           1.6           3.6         -0.8         3.1
 
1990..........................................      21.8       8.7       5.2        3.5       13.1       9.9      10.5       4.3        1.0           1.7           3.6         -0.6         3.2
1991..........................................      22.3       9.0       5.4        3.6       13.3      10.1      10.7       4.5        1.1           2.0           3.1         -0.7         3.3
1992..........................................      22.1       8.6       4.8        3.7       13.6      10.4      11.0       4.6          *           2.3           4.1         -0.6         3.2
1993..........................................      21.4       8.2       4.4        3.8       13.2      10.2      10.8       4.6       -0.4           2.4           4.2         -0.6         3.0
1994..........................................      21.0       7.8       4.1        3.7       13.2      10.3      10.9       4.6       -0.1           2.5           3.9         -0.5         2.9
 
1995..........................................      20.7       7.4       3.7        3.7       13.3      10.1      10.7       4.5       -0.2           2.5           3.9         -0.6         3.2
1996..........................................      20.3       6.9       3.5        3.5       13.4      10.2      10.7       4.5       -0.1           2.5           3.8         -0.5         3.1
1997..........................................      19.6       6.7       3.3        3.4       12.9       9.9      10.5       4.4       -0.2           2.4           3.8         -0.6         3.0
1998..........................................      19.2       6.4       3.1        3.3       12.8      10.0      10.5       4.4       -0.1           2.4           3.8         -0.5         2.8
1999..........................................      18.7       6.3       3.0        3.2       12.4       9.9      10.3       4.2       -0.1           2.4           3.7         -0.4         2.5
 
2000..........................................      18.4       6.3       3.0        3.3       12.1       9.8      10.2       4.2         -*           2.4           3.7         -0.4         2.3
2001..........................................      18.5       6.5       3.0        3.4       12.1      10.0      10.5       4.3         -*           2.5           3.8         -0.5         2.0
2002..........................................      19.4       7.1       3.4        3.7       12.3      10.7      11.1       4.4         -*           2.7           4.1         -0.5         1.6
2003..........................................      20.0       7.6       3.7        3.9       12.3      10.9      11.4       4.4         -*           2.8           4.3         -0.5         1.4
2004..........................................      19.9       7.8       3.9        3.8       12.1      10.7      11.3       4.3         -*           2.9           4.1         -0.5         1.4
 
2005..........................................      20.2       7.9       4.0        3.9       12.3      10.8      11.3       4.2         -*           2.9           4.2         -0.5         1.5
2006..........................................      20.3       7.8       4.0        3.8       12.5      10.8      11.3       4.2         -*           2.7           4.5         -0.5         1.7
2007 estimate.................................      20.2       7.8       4.1        3.7       12.4      10.6      11.2       4.2         -*           2.6           4.4         -0.6         1.7
2008 estimate.................................      20.0       7.7       4.2        3.5       12.3      10.5      11.1       4.2         -*           2.6           4.3         -0.6         1.8
2009 estimate.................................      19.5       7.2       3.9        3.3       12.3      10.5      11.1       4.2         -*           2.6           4.4         -0.6         1.8
 
2010 estimate.................................      18.9       6.6       3.5        3.1       12.4      10.6      11.1       4.2         -*           2.6           4.3         -0.5         1.7
2011 estimate.................................      18.6       6.2       3.3        2.9       12.5      10.8      11.3       4.2         -*           2.7           4.5         -0.5         1.7
2012 estimate.................................      18.3       5.8       3.1        2.8       12.4      10.8      11.3       4.4         -*           2.6           4.3         -0.5         1.6
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.
\1\ Includes Medicaid, food stamps, family support assistance (AFDC), supplemental security income (SSI), child nutrition programs, earned income tax credits (EITC and HITC), welfare
  contingency fund, child care entitlement to States, temporary assistance to needy families, State children's health insurance and veterans pensions.
\2\ Including asset sales.



[[Page 137]]

 
     Table 8.5--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS: 1962-2012
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1962       1963       1964       1965       1966       1967       1968       1969       1970
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social              310        382        334        356        504        882      1,017        943      1,281
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................        103        157        210        272        770      1,173      1,806      2,285      2,727
      Other..........................................          8         12         15         24         38         26         24         35         38
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................        110        169        225        296        808      1,199      1,830      2,319      2,765
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      2,525      4,427      5,396      5,848
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............        652        622        671        643        708        702        912      1,002        997
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....      1,951      2,233      2,546      2,858      3,319      3,789      4,271      4,767      5,528
      Unemployment compensation......................      3,499      3,127      2,912      2,342      1,964      1,994      2,266      2,293      3,074
      Food and nutrition assistance..................        275        284        308        299        363        418        505        587        960
      Family and Other Support Assistance............      2,329      2,572      2,734      2,787      2,758      2,720      3,166      3,618      4,142
      Housing Assistance and Other...................         -2         -3        -43         13         -*         14         13         21         -5
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................      8,704      8,835      9,129      8,943      9,112      9,638     11,133     12,287     14,696
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................     14,047     15,456     16,247     17,077     20,257     21,292     23,293     26,700     29,647
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................      3,970      4,208      4,148      4,216      4,185      4,547      4,668      5,041      5,552
      Other..........................................        393        -10        123         55        237        605        687        801      1,060
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........      4,363      4,198      4,271      4,271      4,422      5,151      5,355      5,842      6,612
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...     27,535     29,040     30,206     30,944     35,103     40,688     47,055     53,486     60,848
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -206       -318       -281       -403       -887       -573       -226       -218       -220
    International affairs............................        132         62        341        569        518        218        430        519        367
    Energy...........................................        -50       -113       -114       -131       -132        -54         -3        -10         12
    Agriculture......................................      3,193      3,930      4,118      3,433      1,851      2,327      3,783      5,062      4,340
    Deposit insurance................................       -394       -423       -436       -389       -486       -401       -522       -603       -501
    Other commerce and housing credit................        477       -879       -323        -87      1,880      2,137      2,700       -554        513
    Community and regional development...............         37         47         39         68         96        107        101         76        101
    General government...............................       -218       -127       -129        -96        -99       -144       -140         -1         29
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........     -5,274     -5,797     -5,708     -5,908     -6,542     -7,294     -8,045     -7,986     -8,632
    All other........................................      2,626      2,860      3,481      3,844      3,701      3,712      3,933      3,852      4,159
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............        323       -757        988        900       -101         35      2,011        137        166
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................     27,857     28,283     31,193     31,844     35,002     40,723     49,066     53,623     61,015
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......      9,120      9,895     10,666     11,346     12,014     13,391     14,573     16,588     19,304
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................       -824       -895     -1,006     -1,121     -1,259     -1,492     -1,689     -1,953     -2,367
    Off-budget trust funds...........................       -609       -582       -607       -648       -642       -792       -979     -1,149     -1,568
  Other..............................................       -797       -678       -855       -986       -727       -839       -816       -788       -989
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................      6,889      7,740      8,199      8,591      9,386     10,268     11,090     12,699     14,380
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....     34,747     36,022     39,392     40,435     44,389     50,991     60,156     66,322     75,395
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $500 thousand or less.



[[Page 138]]


    Table 8.5--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1971       1972       1973       1974       1975       1976        TQ        1977       1978
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social            1,420      2,536      2,196      2,240      2,955      3,159        835      3,443      4,298
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................      3,362      4,601      4,600      5,818      6,840      8,568      2,229      9,876     10,680
      Other..........................................         64         75        189        166        269        450        115        491        550
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................      3,426      4,677      4,789      5,984      7,109      9,019      2,343     10,367     11,230
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................      6,225      7,024      7,613      8,972     12,214     14,997      4,043     18,576     21,832
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............      1,574      1,771      2,554      2,706      4,661      2,971      1,158      3,277      3,082
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....      6,567      7,665      8,880     10,762     13,199     15,452      4,262     17,700     19,814
      Unemployment compensation......................      5,749      6,640      4,887      5,589     12,806     18,565      3,789     14,331     10,886
      Food and nutrition assistance..................      2,179      3,218      3,641      4,433      6,643      7,809      1,782      8,233      8,437
      Supplemental Security Income...................  .........  .........  .........      1,954      4,320      4,573      1,165      4,772      5,280
      Family and Other Support Assistance............      5,486      6,559      5,922      5,423      5,121      5,849      1,606      6,351      6,639
      Earned Income Tax Credit.......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        808         86        901        881
      Housing Assistance and Other...................         -2        -31        -20          1        -69         -2          7        -39         -1
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................     21,553     25,822     25,864     30,868     46,680     56,025     13,855     55,525     55,018
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................     35,131     39,364     48,176     54,990     63,557     72,699     19,458     83,690     92,447
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................      5,973      6,354      6,540      6,794      7,877      8,369      2,085      9,229      9,759
      Other..........................................      1,481      1,632      2,413      3,221      4,585      5,514        718      3,550      3,345
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........      7,454      7,987      8,953     10,016     12,462     13,883      2,803     12,779     13,104
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...     75,209     87,409     97,592    113,068    144,979    169,782     43,338    184,380    197,929
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -137       -164       -414     -1,373     -1,107       -257        -44       -276       -153
    International affairs............................        389        200       -681       -487     -1,058     -1,026       -857     -1,660     -1,060
    Energy...........................................        148        203        163        614      1,179      1,615        404      1,985      2,697
    Agriculture......................................      3,406      4,315      3,886      1,249      1,950      2,050        701      5,541      9,998
    Deposit insurance................................       -383       -597       -808       -613        508       -573        -63     -2,788       -988
    Other commerce and housing credit................         62        913       -231      2,901      6,587      5,428       -158      2,426      3,872
    Community and regional development...............        266        376      1,041        772        644        793        227        964        996
    General government...............................         -5         -1      6,489      6,260      6,653      6,160      1,789      6,895      7,324
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........    -10,107     -9,583    -13,409    -16,749    -13,602    -14,386     -4,206    -14,879    -15,720
    All other........................................      3,952      3,588      4,336      4,059      4,392       -100       -158       -341       -327
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............     -2,410       -750        372     -3,368      6,147       -296     -2,367     -2,135      6,638
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................     72,800     86,660     97,964    109,700    151,126    169,486     40,971    182,245    204,566
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......     20,959     21,849     24,167     29,319     32,665     37,076      8,104     41,915     48,712
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................     -2,820     -2,983     -3,156     -4,064     -4,861     -4,988       -177     -5,488     -6,128
    Off-budget trust funds...........................     -1,942     -2,106     -2,280     -2,520     -2,803     -2,812        -93     -2,650     -2,403
  Other..............................................     -1,356     -1,282     -1,382     -1,286     -1,756     -2,549       -885     -3,875     -4,724
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................     14,841     15,478     17,349     21,449     23,244     26,727      6,949     29,901     35,458
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....     87,641    102,137    115,312    131,149    174,371    196,213     47,920    212,146    240,024
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 139]]


                                       Table 8.5--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1979       1980       1981       1982       1983       1984       1985       1986       1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social            5,275      6,048      7,820      7,066      5,868      7,046      6,789      6,984      6,256
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................     12,407     13,957     16,833     17,391     18,985     20,061     22,655     24,995     27,435
      Other..........................................        574        741        931      1,071      1,119      1,427      1,285        710      1,879
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................     12,981     14,698     17,764     18,462     20,104     21,488     23,940     25,705     29,314
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................     25,507     31,010     37,927     45,312     51,245     56,009     64,087     68,445     73,393
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............      4,025      4,731      5,053      5,149      5,101      4,984      5,168      4,899      5,133
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....     22,631     26,565     31,243     34,289     36,456     38,006     38,541     41,310     43,692
      Unemployment compensation......................      9,837     16,889     18,319     22,278     29,568     17,019     15,844     16,135     15,475
      Food and nutrition assistance..................     10,109     13,114     15,085     14,442     16,493     16,345     16,683     16,638     16,859
      Supplemental Security Income...................      4,865      5,716      6,467      6,864      7,894      7,633      8,654      9,323      9,933
      Family and Other Support Assistance............      6,610      7,308      8,175      7,990      8,391      8,854      9,224      9,877     10,540
      Earned Income Tax Credit.......................        773      1,275      1,318      1,201      1,213      1,193      1,100      1,415      1,410
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption      .........  .........        557        418        410        659        749        808        802
       assistance....................................
      Housing Assistance and Other...................         63        153        891        675        550      1,222     13,861        942      1,378
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................     58,914     75,752     87,109     93,306    106,075     95,915    109,824    101,347    105,221
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................    102,594    117,053    137,881    153,916    168,513    176,052    186,432    196,547    205,072
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................     10,793     11,700     12,921     13,723     14,263     14,412     14,728     15,047     14,978
      Other..........................................      2,888      2,303      2,446      2,037      1,603      1,582      1,182        627        734
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........     13,680     14,004     15,367     15,760     15,867     15,994     15,910     15,675     15,713
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...    218,951    258,564    303,869    333,822    367,672    372,505    406,981    414,704    434,969
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -434       -634       -452       -625         21       -632       -361       -456       -518
    International affairs............................     -1,683        -61       -544       -582     -1,755       -391     -1,214     -3,556     -1,675
    Energy...........................................      3,070      4,008      4,831      4,914      2,870         58       -893       -331       -369
    Agriculture......................................      9,658      7,240      9,559     14,174     21,189     11,653     23,446     29,414     24,493
    Deposit insurance................................     -1,745       -375     -1,383     -2,085     -1,156       -841     -2,151      1,512      3,099
    Universal service fund...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........         42        108        169        253
    Other commerce and housing credit................      2,630      4,685      5,317      4,759      4,325      4,082      2,698        506      2,402
    Community and regional development...............      1,233      1,816      1,509      1,670      1,477      1,356      1,012      1,101        618
    General government...............................      7,516      7,762      6,087      5,201      5,230      5,320      4,876      5,315        229
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales..........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........     -7,736
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........    -17,476    -19,942    -28,041    -26,099    -33,976    -31,957    -32,698    -33,007    -34,581
    All other........................................       -316       -975        809       -396       -656        117       -680        528         86
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............      2,452      3,523     -2,308        931     -2,431    -11,193     -5,856      1,195    -13,698
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................    221,402    262,087    301,561    334,753    365,240    361,312    401,125    415,898    421,271
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......     59,855     74,803     95,535    117,227    128,653    153,866    178,871    190,272    195,242
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................     -7,727     -9,707    -11,523    -13,995    -15,257    -17,044    -21,838    -26,628    -29,614
    Off-budget trust funds...........................     -2,224     -2,339     -2,288     -2,071     -1,845     -3,310     -4,118     -4,329     -5,290
  Other..............................................     -7,271    -10,224    -12,958    -16,129    -21,743    -22,410    -23,438    -23,298    -21,727
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................     42,633     52,533     68,766     85,032     89,808    111,102    129,478    136,017    138,611
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....    264,035    314,620    370,327    419,785    455,048    472,414    530,603    551,915    559,882
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 140]]


                                       Table 8.5--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1988       1989       1990       1991       1992       1993       1994       1995       1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social            6,636      8,216      9,305     10,640      8,723     10,920      5,712     12,100      9,855
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................     30,462     34,604     41,103     52,533     67,827     75,774     82,034     89,070     91,990
      Other..........................................      1,875        731      1,749      2,486      3,704      4,001      4,548      4,332      4,813
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................     32,336     35,335     42,852     55,019     71,532     79,775     86,582     93,402     96,803
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................     76,906     82,710     95,803    102,045    116,178    127,903    141,834    156,884    171,272
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............      4,882      5,179      4,673      4,439      4,986      3,888      5,272      4,697      4,847
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....     46,813     49,102     51,916     56,035     57,492     59,963     62,396     65,741     67,934
      Unemployment compensation......................     13,641     13,940     17,128     25,112     36,999     35,461     26,440     21,305     22,583
      Food and nutrition assistance..................     17,832     18,794     21,338     25,690     29,502     31,739     33,038     33,515     33,747
      Supplemental Security Income...................     11,370     11,503     11,493     14,668     17,239     20,343     23,700     23,583     22,938
      Family and Other Support Assistance............     10,764     11,166     12,246     13,520     15,103     15,628     16,508     17,133     16,670
      Earned Income Tax Credit.......................      2,698      4,002      4,354      4,885      7,345      8,781     10,950     15,244     19,159
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption          1,004      1,344      1,579      2,120      2,505      2,628      2,985      3,226      3,691
       assistance....................................
      Housing Assistance and Other...................      1,180        736        424        238        164        180        132        145        167
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................    110,183    115,766    125,151    146,706    171,335    178,612    181,421    184,589    191,736
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................    216,808    230,395    246,495    266,765    285,167    301,986    316,913    333,273    347,051
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................     15,980     16,562     15,261     16,981     17,318     17,781     19,638     18,993     18,228
      Other..........................................      1,729      1,324        802        565      1,634      2,068      1,227      1,465      1,150
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........     17,708     17,886     16,062     17,546     18,952     19,848     20,865     20,458     19,378
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...    460,578    490,308    535,669    598,721    671,887    719,044    753,327    800,706    836,095
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -558       -474       -810    -46,412     -4,252     -1,344       -624     -1,496       -208
    International affairs............................     -1,477     -1,023     -5,206     -3,847     -3,053     -4,322     -3,723     -3,682     -4,840
    Energy...........................................       -671     -2,175     -1,420     -1,973       -897     -1,240     -1,184     -1,829     -3,122
    Agriculture......................................     15,054     14,576      9,290     12,374     11,030     16,110     10,649      5,783      5,027
    Deposit insurance................................     10,013     22,003     57,946     66,168      2,612    -27,988     -7,601    -17,859     -8,405
    Universal service fund...........................        349        499        648        769        826        866        890        929        957
    Other commerce and housing credit................      6,546      3,899      5,172      5,983      4,859      3,170      1,630     -3,728     -4,704
    Community and regional development...............      1,374      1,254      1,197        649        434        700       -257        544        310
    General government...............................      1,411      1,102      1,582      1,313      1,982      1,537       -338      1,592        231
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales..........     -7,714     -7,096        -85  .........  .........  .........  .........     -7,644       -342
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........    -36,967    -37,212    -36,615    -39,356    -39,280    -37,386    -37,772    -36,811    -37,278
    All other........................................        301        356        845      2,165      2,326      2,250      2,568      2,383      3,127
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............    -12,338     -4,292     32,542     -2,166    -23,412    -47,648    -35,762    -61,818    -49,247
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................    448,240    486,017    568,211    596,555    648,476    671,396    717,565    738,888    786,848
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......    214,047    240,845    264,691    285,421    292,294    292,479    296,253    332,379    343,918
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................    -34,406    -40,467    -46,321    -50,426    -54,193    -55,537    -56,494    -59,871    -60,869
    Off-budget trust funds...........................     -7,416    -11,395    -15,991    -20,222    -23,637    -26,788    -29,203    -33,305    -36,507
  Other..............................................    -20,422    -20,003    -18,032    -20,325    -15,120    -11,442     -7,623     -7,069     -5,489
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................    151,803    168,981    184,347    194,448    199,344    198,713    202,932    232,134    241,053
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....    600,043    654,998    752,558    791,003    847,820    870,109    920,497    971,022  1,027,901
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 141]]


                                       Table 8.5--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1997       1998       1999       2000       2001       2002       2003       2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social services........      9,316      7,963      5,464      4,813      2,877      7,803     11,343     12,774
    Health:
      Medicaid..................................................     95,552    101,234    108,042    117,921    129,374    147,512    160,693    176,231
      Other.....................................................      5,327      5,355      6,087      6,600      9,738      9,630     14,650     16,171
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health............................................    100,879    106,589    114,129    124,521    139,112    157,142    175,343    192,402
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare....................................................    187,441    190,233    187,694    194,115    214,061    227,699    245,709    264,890
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability.........................      4,328      4,247      1,492      4,817      5,395      5,373      6,677      6,225
      Federal employee retirement and disability................     71,389     73,343     74,982     77,003     80,821     83,193     84,994     88,540
      Unemployment compensation.................................     20,595     19,586     21,356     20,742     27,909     50,663     54,403     42,384
      Food and nutrition assistance.............................     31,659     29,209     28,700     28,020     29,417     33,228     37,422     40,684
      Supplemental Security Income..............................     25,367     26,111     26,698     29,511     25,875     29,378     30,445     31,228
      Family and Other Support Assistance.......................     16,467     17,485     19,171     20,607     24,205     25,112     26,023     24,235
      Earned Income Tax Credit..................................     21,856     23,239     25,632     26,099     26,123     27,826     31,961     33,134
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption assistance....      4,047      4,451      4,707      5,453      5,711      5,885      6,124      6,340
      Offsetting receipts.......................................       -325     -1,007       -870       -996       -859     -1,242     -1,102     -1,096
      Housing Assistance and Other..............................        202        177        652      1,041      1,205      5,304      6,692      9,107
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security...................................    195,585    196,841    202,520    212,297    225,802    264,720    283,639    280,781
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security.............................................    362,296    376,119    386,991    406,048    429,368    452,073    470,453    491,537
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans..............................     20,435     21,350     22,184     24,906     22,497     26,718     29,091     30,849
      Other.....................................................        270      1,930      1,654      1,424        143        160      2,188        336
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services....................     20,705     23,280     23,838     26,330     22,640     26,878     31,279     31,185
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs..............    876,222    901,025    920,636    968,124  1,033,860  1,136,315  1,217,766  1,273,569
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense............................................     -1,169     -2,043       -678       -571     -1,316       -470       -175      1,770
    International affairs.......................................     -3,754     -4,992     -4,276     -4,073     -6,003     -3,830     -6,706     -6,864
    Energy......................................................     -3,431     -2,440     -2,217     -3,719     -2,888     -2,500     -3,796     -3,552
    Agriculture.................................................      4,947      7,881     18,449     31,944     21,295     16,801     16,855      9,686
    Deposit insurance...........................................    -14,386     -4,372     -5,282     -3,054     -1,568     -1,026     -1,431     -1,979
    Universal service fund......................................      1,001      1,769      3,293      4,074      4,947      5,108      8,403     12,790
    Other commerce and housing credit...........................     -2,862      3,121      4,184     -2,282        893     -5,464     -5,672     -5,662
    Community and regional development..........................        277       -436       -106       -796       -644     -1,162       -648        158
    General government..........................................        796      3,929      3,434      1,137      1,747      2,825      7,911      6,273
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales.....................    -11,006     -7,800     -1,753       -150     -1,024         -1  .........  .........
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts.....................    -38,967    -39,394    -38,692    -42,431    -45,987    -47,391    -54,382    -58,537
    All other...................................................      2,422      3,215      3,300      3,229      4,385      6,680      3,507      9,648
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs........................    -66,132    -41,562    -20,344    -16,692    -26,163    -30,430    -36,134    -36,269
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs..............................    810,090    859,463    900,292    951,432  1,007,697  1,105,885  1,181,632  1,237,300
                                                                 =======================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)..................    355,764    363,759    353,463    361,925    359,476    332,537    318,141    321,679
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds.......................................    -63,776    -67,208    -66,520    -69,290    -75,302    -76,494    -72,523    -67,761
    Off-budget trust funds......................................    -41,214    -46,630    -52,071    -59,796    -68,811    -76,820    -83,545    -86,228
  Other.........................................................     -6,790     -8,803     -5,117     -9,890     -9,196     -8,274     -9,000     -7,445
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest....................................    243,984    241,118    229,755    222,949    206,167    170,949    153,073    160,245
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs................  1,054,074  1,100,581  1,130,047  1,174,381  1,213,864  1,276,834  1,334,705  1,397,545
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 142]]


                                       Table 8.5--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2007       2008       2009       2010       2011       2012
                      Category and Program                           2005       2006     estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social services........     18,442     37,854     12,244      6,335      9,860     10,803     11,168     10,998
    Health:
      Medicaid..................................................    181,720    180,625    191,876    201,944    216,359    232,686    250,425    270,223
      Other.....................................................     18,372     20,757     23,025     24,807     26,424     27,166     28,580     30,507
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health............................................    200,092    201,382    214,901    226,751    242,783    259,852    279,005    300,730
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare....................................................    294,334    324,879    367,474    386,493    409,246    434,166    475,362    481,620
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability.........................      6,637      4,250      7,574      8,594      6,918      7,039      7,484      7,625
      Federal employee retirement and disability................     93,189     98,096    104,563    109,002    113,214    117,166    121,055    124,389
      Unemployment compensation.................................     32,312     31,048     31,816     34,129     35,484     37,625     39,597     41,243
      Food and nutrition assistance.............................     45,359     48,372     50,265     51,787     53,150     54,649     56,177     57,644
      Supplemental Security Income..............................     35,284     34,327     33,445     38,955     40,595     42,249     48,453     42,515
      Family and Other Support Assistance.......................     24,167     24,035     24,768     24,272     24,433     24,212     24,253     24,321
      Earned Income Tax Credit..................................     34,559     36,166     36,461     37,236     38,364     43,466     44,480     43,165
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption assistance....      6,427      6,352      6,533      6,834      7,045      7,264      7,550      7,713
      Offsetting receipts.......................................     -1,188     -1,055     -1,065     -1,049       -990       -941       -939       -950
      Housing Assistance and Other..............................     14,851     16,513     15,630     15,042     14,235     13,779     13,525     13,215
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security...................................    291,597    298,104    309,990    324,802    332,448    346,508    361,635    360,880
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security.............................................    518,712    543,911    581,899    607,691    639,709    677,611    716,604    789,848
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans..............................     35,767     35,770     36,995     42,224     45,080     47,979     54,803     49,631
      Other.....................................................      3,887      1,631      1,928      2,545      2,657      2,729      3,119      3,333
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services....................     39,654     37,401     38,923     44,769     47,737     50,708     57,922     52,964
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs..............  1,362,831  1,443,531  1,525,431  1,596,841  1,681,783  1,779,648  1,901,696  1,997,040
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense............................................      1,709      1,866      3,033      3,624      3,321      3,201      3,244      3,438
    International affairs.......................................     -4,425     -6,522     -3,612     -2,065     -2,042     -2,143     -2,091     -2,051
    Energy......................................................     -3,366     -2,479     -1,946     -2,586     -2,651     -2,635     -2,564     -2,605
    Agriculture.................................................     20,592     20,012     14,358     13,780     13,391     13,757     14,177     14,486
    Deposit insurance...........................................     -1,372     -1,111     -2,198     -3,358     -5,573     -5,945     -6,102     -3,936
    Universal service fund......................................      7,726      7,562      8,601      8,112      8,329      8,593      8,779      8,942
    Other commerce and housing credit...........................       -930     -2,110     -8,879     -9,737     -5,435     -6,227     -5,976     -7,465
    Community and regional development..........................      1,345     16,203      2,952         34       -345       -235       -198       -160
    General government..........................................        551      2,169      2,497      2,928      6,674      3,041      3,604      3,608
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales.....................       -160       -111    -13,880    -12,302     -9,890       -654     -1,656       -831
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts.....................    -65,064    -68,139    -67,944    -73,955    -78,849    -82,177    -87,554    -91,558
    All other...................................................        331      1,273      6,849      5,519      4,094      3,811      3,622      3,634
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs........................    -43,063    -31,387    -60,169    -70,006    -68,976    -67,613    -72,715    -74,498
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs..............................  1,319,768  1,412,144  1,465,262  1,526,835  1,612,807  1,712,035  1,828,981  1,922,542
                                                                 =======================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)..................    352,345    405,866    433,004    469,919    497,998    523,212    545,365    565,242
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds.......................................    -69,153    -71,574    -75,067    -77,827    -80,732    -84,437    -87,609    -89,725
    Off-budget trust funds......................................    -91,836    -97,722   -106,249   -114,618   -124,802   -136,492   -149,278   -162,126
  Other.........................................................     -7,370     -9,967    -12,535    -16,198    -18,308    -21,436    -24,797    -28,453
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest....................................    183,986    226,603    239,153    261,276    274,156    280,847    283,681    284,938
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs................  1,503,754  1,638,747  1,704,415  1,788,111  1,886,963  1,992,882  2,112,662  2,207,480
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 143]]

 
    Table 8.6--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1962       1963       1964       1965       1966       1967       1968       1969       1970
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social              1.9        2.2        1.8        1.9        2.7        4.7        5.2        4.6        5.9
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................        0.5        0.7        1.0        1.2        3.4        5.1        7.6        9.2       10.5
      Other..........................................          *        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.2        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................        0.5        0.8        1.0        1.4        3.6        5.2        7.7        9.4       10.6
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........       10.5       18.1       21.3       22.1
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............        3.1        2.9        3.1        2.9        3.1        3.0        3.8        4.0        3.8
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....        9.1       10.4       11.6       12.9       14.8       16.4       17.9       19.1       21.2
      Unemployment compensation......................       16.5       14.5       13.3       10.5        8.7        8.6        9.5        9.2       11.8
      Food and nutrition assistance..................        1.3        1.3        1.4        1.4        1.6        1.8        2.1        2.4        3.7
      Family and Other Support Assistance............       11.0       12.0       12.6       12.6       12.3       11.8       13.3       14.6       15.9
      Housing Assistance and Other...................         -*         -*       -0.2        0.1         -*        0.1        0.1        0.1         -*
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................       40.9       41.0       41.8       40.4       40.5       41.7       46.8       49.4       56.4
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................       66.1       71.9       74.6       77.3       90.1       92.3       97.9      107.6      113.9
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................       18.1       19.1       18.6       18.7       18.3       19.3       19.3       20.0       21.1
      Other..........................................        2.2       -0.2        0.6        0.2        1.2        2.8        3.0        3.3        4.1
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........       20.3       18.9       19.2       19.0       19.4       22.2       22.3       23.3       25.2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...      129.7      134.8      138.5      139.9      156.3      176.5      198.0      215.6      234.1
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -1.2       -1.8       -1.6       -2.3       -4.9       -3.1       -1.2       -1.1       -1.0
    International affairs............................        0.8        0.4        1.9        3.0        2.6        1.1        2.1        2.4        1.6
    Energy...........................................       -0.3       -0.6       -0.6       -0.7       -0.7       -0.3         -*         -*        0.1
    Agriculture......................................       19.2       22.4       22.6       18.1        9.6       11.8       18.5       23.2       18.7
    Deposit insurance................................       -2.4       -2.4       -2.4       -2.0       -2.5       -2.0       -2.5       -2.7       -2.1
    Other commerce and housing credit................        2.9       -5.0       -1.8       -0.5        9.6       10.7       13.1       -2.5        2.2
    Community and regional development...............        0.2        0.3        0.2        0.4        0.5        0.5        0.5        0.3        0.4
    General government...............................       -1.3       -0.7       -0.7       -0.5       -0.4       -0.6       -0.6        0.1        0.3
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........      -35.4      -37.8      -36.2      -35.7      -38.2      -41.1      -43.5      -40.5      -40.7
    All other........................................       15.7       16.5       19.8       21.3       20.9       20.5       20.9       19.4       19.5
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............       -1.9       -8.8        1.1        1.1       -3.4       -2.5        7.3       -1.4       -1.1
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................      127.8      126.0      139.6      141.1      152.8      173.9      205.3      214.2      233.0
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......       42.3       45.4       48.3       50.5       52.4       56.6       59.5       64.7       71.4
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................       -3.8       -4.1       -4.6       -5.0       -5.5       -6.3       -6.9       -7.6       -8.8
    Off-budget trust funds...........................       -2.8       -2.7       -2.7       -2.9       -2.8       -3.3       -4.0       -4.5       -5.8
  Other..............................................       -3.7       -3.1       -3.9       -4.4       -3.2       -3.5       -3.3       -3.1       -3.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................       32.0       35.5       37.1       38.3       40.9       43.4       45.2       49.5       53.2
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....      159.8      161.5      176.8      179.3      193.8      217.3      250.5      263.7      286.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $50 million or less.


[[Page 144]]


                        Table 8.6--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1971       1972       1973       1974       1975       1976        TQ        1977       1978
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social              6.1       10.5        8.8        8.2        9.7        9.6        2.4        9.7       11.2
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................       12.4       16.3       15.7       18.4       19.6       23.0        5.8       24.7       25.0
      Other..........................................        0.2        0.3        0.7        0.5        0.8        1.2        0.3        1.2        1.3
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................       12.6       16.6       16.4       18.9       20.4       24.3        6.1       25.9       26.3
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................       22.5       24.6       25.8       28.0       34.6       40.1       10.5       46.3       50.9
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............        5.8        6.3        8.7        8.5       13.3        8.0        3.0        8.2        7.2
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....       24.1       27.1       30.3       33.9       37.7       41.5       11.1       44.2       46.3
      Unemployment compensation......................       21.1       23.5       16.7       17.6       36.7       49.9        9.9       35.8       25.5
      Food and nutrition assistance..................        8.0       11.4       12.4       14.0       19.0       21.0        4.6       20.6       19.7
      Supplemental Security Income...................  .........  .........  .........        6.2       12.4       12.3        3.0       11.9       12.4
      Family and Other Support Assistance............       20.2       23.2       20.2       17.1       14.7       15.8        4.2       15.9       15.6
      Earned Income Tax Credit.......................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        2.2        0.2        2.3        2.1
      Housing Assistance and Other...................         -*       -0.1       -0.1          *       -0.2         -*          *       -0.1         -*
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................       79.2       91.4       88.2       97.4      133.6      150.5       36.1      138.8      128.8
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................      129.2      139.4      164.4      173.6      182.0      195.3       50.7      209.1      216.3
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................       21.8       22.4       22.3       21.4       22.5       22.4        5.4       23.0       22.8
      Other..........................................        5.4        5.7        8.2       10.2       13.1       14.8        1.9        8.9        7.8
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........       27.2       28.1       30.4       31.5       35.6       37.3        7.3       31.9       30.6
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...      276.9      310.7      334.1      357.7      416.0      457.1      113.1      461.7      464.2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -0.6       -0.6       -1.5       -4.6       -3.4       -0.7       -0.1       -0.7       -0.4
    International affairs............................        1.5        0.7       -2.4       -1.6       -3.2       -2.9       -2.3       -4.2       -2.6
    Energy...........................................        0.6        0.8        0.6        2.0        3.6        4.5        1.1        5.1        6.5
    Agriculture......................................       13.6       16.2       13.8        4.2        6.0        5.7        1.9       14.1       24.1
    Deposit insurance................................       -1.5       -2.2       -2.8       -2.0        1.6       -1.6       -0.2       -7.1       -2.4
    Other commerce and housing credit................        0.2        3.4       -0.8        9.6       20.1       15.1       -0.4        6.1        9.3
    Community and regional development...............        1.1        1.4        3.7        2.6        2.0        2.2        0.6        2.5        2.4
    General government...............................        0.1        0.2       26.5       23.2       22.1       19.1        5.3       19.7       19.6
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........      -44.3      -39.0      -51.8      -60.6      -44.8      -43.3      -12.2      -40.4      -40.3
    All other........................................       17.5       15.5       17.7       15.1       14.7       -0.1       -0.4       -0.7       -0.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............      -11.7       -3.8        2.9      -12.1       18.6       -2.0       -6.7       -5.7       15.6
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................      265.2      306.9      337.0      345.6      434.6      455.1      106.4      456.0      479.8
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......       73.9       73.5       77.9       88.1       88.9       94.2       19.9       99.0      107.8
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................       -9.9      -10.0      -10.2      -12.2      -13.2      -12.7       -0.4      -13.0      -13.6
    Off-budget trust funds...........................       -6.8       -7.1       -7.3       -7.6       -7.6       -7.1       -0.2       -6.3       -5.3
  Other..............................................       -4.8       -4.3       -4.5       -3.9       -4.8       -6.5       -2.2       -9.2      -10.5
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................       52.3       52.1       55.9       64.5       63.3       67.9       17.1       70.6       78.5
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....      317.5      358.9      392.9      410.1      497.9      523.0      123.5      526.6      558.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $50 million or less.


[[Page 145]]


                        Table 8.6--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1979       1980       1981       1982       1983       1984       1985       1986       1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social             12.5       12.8       14.8       12.4        9.8       11.3       10.4       10.4        9.0
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................       26.8       27.3       30.0       29.2       30.5       31.0       33.9       36.5       38.8
      Other..........................................        1.3        1.5        1.7        1.9        1.9        2.3        2.0        1.1        2.8
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................       28.1       28.8       31.8       31.1       32.4       33.4       36.0       37.5       41.6
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................       54.9       60.4       67.4       75.8       82.0       86.2       95.4       99.2      103.2
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............        8.7        9.3        9.0        8.6        8.2        7.7        7.7        7.1        7.3
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....       48.9       51.9       55.7       57.6       58.5       58.7       57.6       60.1       61.7
      Unemployment compensation......................       21.3       33.1       32.7       37.4       47.5       26.3       23.7       23.5       21.9
      Food and nutrition assistance..................       21.9       25.7       26.9       24.3       26.5       25.3       25.0       24.3       23.8
      Supplemental Security Income...................       10.5       11.2       11.5       11.5       12.7       11.8       13.0       13.6       14.0
      Family and Other Support Assistance............       14.4       14.4       14.7       13.5       13.5       13.8       13.9       14.4       14.9
      Earned Income Tax Credit.......................        1.7        2.5        2.4        2.0        1.9        1.8        1.6        2.1        2.0
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption      .........  .........        1.0        0.7        0.7        1.0        1.1        1.2        1.1
       assistance....................................
      Housing Assistance and Other...................        0.1        0.3        1.7        1.2        0.9        2.0       22.0        1.4        1.9
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................      127.4      148.3      155.5      156.9      170.5      148.5      165.6      147.6      148.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................      221.8      229.1      246.0      258.7      270.8      272.4      279.0      286.5      290.0
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................       23.3       22.8       23.0       23.0       22.9       22.2       22.0       21.9       21.1
      Other..........................................        6.2        4.5        4.4        3.4        2.6        2.5        1.8        0.9        1.0
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........       29.5       27.3       27.4       26.4       25.4       24.7       23.8       22.8       22.1
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...      474.3      506.7      542.9      561.3      590.9      576.4      610.1      604.1      614.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -1.0       -1.3       -0.8       -1.0          *       -0.9       -0.5       -0.6       -0.7
    International affairs............................       -3.8       -0.1       -1.0       -1.0       -3.0       -0.6       -1.9       -5.5       -2.5
    Energy...........................................        6.9        8.2        9.0        8.7        4.9        0.1       -1.4       -0.5       -0.6
    Agriculture......................................       21.6       14.9       17.8       25.0       35.9       19.0       37.1       45.5       36.7
    Deposit insurance................................       -3.9       -0.8       -2.6       -3.7       -2.0       -1.4       -3.4        2.3        4.6
    Universal service fund...........................  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........        0.1        0.2        0.3        0.4
    Other commerce and housing credit................        5.9        9.6        9.9        8.4        7.3        6.7        4.3        0.8        3.6
    Community and regional development...............        2.8        3.7        2.8        2.9        2.5        2.2        1.6        1.7        0.9
    General government...............................       18.4       17.0       12.0        9.5        9.0        8.7        7.7        8.1        0.3
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales..........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........  .........      -11.8
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........      -42.0      -43.5      -55.2      -48.7      -60.4      -55.5      -54.8      -54.0      -55.4
    All other........................................       -0.5       -1.9        1.5       -0.7       -1.1        0.2       -1.1        0.8          *
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............        4.4        5.9       -6.5       -0.6       -6.8      -21.5      -12.3       -1.3      -24.4
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................      478.7      512.6      536.4      560.7      584.1      554.9      597.9      602.8      590.4
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......      122.6      140.9      163.9      188.2      197.8      228.2      256.9      267.0      267.1
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................      -15.8      -18.3      -19.8      -22.5      -23.5      -25.3      -31.4      -37.4      -40.5
    Off-budget trust funds...........................       -4.6       -4.4       -3.9       -3.3       -2.8       -4.9       -5.9       -6.1       -7.2
  Other..............................................      -14.9      -19.3      -22.2      -25.9      -33.4      -33.2      -33.7      -32.7      -29.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................       87.3       98.9      118.0      136.5      138.1      164.7      186.0      190.9      189.6
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....      566.0      611.6      654.3      697.2      722.2      719.6      783.8      793.7      780.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $50 million or less.


[[Page 146]]


                        Table 8.6--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Category and Program                     1988       1989       1990       1991       1992       1993       1994       1995       1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social              9.2       10.9       11.9       13.1       10.5       12.7        6.6       13.4       10.7
     services........................................
    Health:
      Medicaid.......................................       41.5       45.1       51.4       63.0       79.1       86.3       91.5       97.2       98.4
      Other..........................................        2.7        1.0        2.4        3.3        4.6        4.7        5.2        4.8        5.2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health.................................       44.2       46.1       53.8       66.3       83.7       91.0       96.8      102.0      103.6
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare.........................................      103.9      106.5      118.2      121.0      134.3      144.8      157.3      170.6      182.8
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability..............        6.6        6.7        5.7        5.2        5.8        4.3        5.9        5.1        5.2
      Federal employee retirement and disability.....       63.7       63.9       64.8       67.1       66.9       68.2       69.5       71.7       72.6
      Unemployment compensation......................       18.6       18.1       21.4       30.1       43.1       40.3       29.4       23.2       24.1
      Food and nutrition assistance..................       24.3       24.5       26.7       30.8       34.4       36.1       36.8       36.6       36.1
      Supplemental Security Income...................       15.5       15.0       14.4       17.6       20.1       23.1       26.4       25.7       24.5
      Family and Other Support Assistance............       14.7       14.6       15.3       16.2       17.6       17.8       18.4       18.7       17.8
      Earned Income Tax Credit.......................        3.7        5.2        5.4        5.9        8.6       10.0       12.2       16.6       20.5
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption            1.4        1.8        2.0        2.5        2.9        3.0        3.3        3.5        3.9
       assistance....................................
      Housing Assistance and Other...................        1.6        1.0        0.5        0.3        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2        0.2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security........................      149.9      150.8      156.2      175.8      199.6      203.1      202.2      201.3      204.9
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security..................................      295.2      300.4      308.3      320.2      332.6      343.6      353.4      363.5      371.0
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans...................       21.7       21.5       19.0       20.3       20.2       20.2       21.9       20.7       19.5
      Other..........................................        2.4        1.8        1.0        0.6        2.0        2.4        1.4        1.6        1.2
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services.........       24.1       23.3       20.0       21.0       22.1       22.6       23.2       22.3       20.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs...      626.5      638.0      668.4      717.3      782.8      817.8      839.6      873.0      893.7
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense.................................       -0.8       -0.6       -1.0      -56.7       -5.0       -1.6       -0.7       -1.7       -0.2
    International affairs............................       -2.1       -1.5       -7.2       -5.1       -3.8       -5.1       -4.3       -4.1       -5.2
    Energy...........................................       -1.0       -3.1       -2.0       -2.6       -1.1       -1.5       -1.4       -2.0       -3.4
    Agriculture......................................       21.8       20.7       12.9       16.3       13.8       19.2       12.4        6.5        5.4
    Deposit insurance................................       14.5       31.3       80.5       87.1        3.3      -33.3       -8.8      -20.0       -9.1
    Universal service fund...........................        0.5        0.7        0.9        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
    Other commerce and housing credit................        9.5        5.5        7.2        7.9        6.1        3.8        1.9       -4.2       -5.1
    Community and regional development...............        2.0        1.8        1.7        0.9        0.5        0.8       -0.3        0.6        0.3
    General government...............................        2.0        1.5        2.1        1.6        2.4        1.8       -0.4        1.8        0.3
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales..........      -11.2      -10.1       -0.1  .........  .........  .........  .........       -9.0       -0.4
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts..........      -57.5      -56.4      -53.5      -54.0      -52.7      -47.5      -46.1      -43.5      -42.1
    All other........................................        0.4        0.4        0.9        2.6        2.8        2.6        2.9        2.7        3.4
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs.............      -21.9       -9.8       42.3       -1.1      -32.7      -59.8      -43.8      -72.0      -55.0
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs...................      604.6      628.3      710.7      716.2      750.1      758.0      795.8      801.0      838.6
                                                      ==================================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross).......      283.8      307.4      325.8      338.6      338.2      330.9      328.2      360.6      366.1
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds............................      -45.6      -51.7      -57.0      -59.8      -62.7      -62.8      -62.6      -64.9      -64.8
    Off-budget trust funds...........................       -9.8      -14.5      -19.7      -24.0      -27.4      -30.3      -32.3      -36.1      -38.9
  Other..............................................      -27.1      -25.5      -22.2      -24.1      -17.5      -12.9       -8.4       -7.7       -5.8
                                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest.........................      201.3      215.7      226.9      230.7      230.7      224.8      224.8      251.8      256.6
                                                      ==================================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs.....      805.9      844.0      937.6      946.9      980.8      982.8    1,020.6    1,052.9    1,095.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 147]]


                        Table 8.6--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1997       1998       1999       2000       2001       2002       2003       2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social services........        9.9        8.4        5.7        4.8        2.8        7.4       10.6       11.6
    Health:
      Medicaid..................................................      100.2      105.1      110.7      117.9      126.6      142.3      152.0      162.9
      Other.....................................................        5.7        5.6        6.3        6.6        9.5        9.2       13.7       14.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health............................................      105.9      110.8      117.0      124.5      136.1      151.5      165.8      177.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare....................................................      196.2      197.2      192.1      194.1      209.4      220.0      233.2      246.1
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability.........................        4.5        4.4        1.5        4.8        5.3        5.2        6.3        5.8
      Federal employee retirement and disability................       74.8       76.1       76.8       77.0       79.1       80.3       80.5       81.9
      Unemployment compensation.................................       21.6       20.3       21.9       20.7       27.3       48.9       51.5       39.2
      Food and nutrition assistance.............................       33.2       30.3       29.4       28.0       28.8       32.1       35.4       37.6
      Supplemental Security Income..............................       26.6       27.1       27.3       29.5       25.3       28.3       28.8       28.9
      Family and Other Support Assistance.......................       17.3       18.2       19.6       20.6       23.7       24.2       24.6       22.4
      Earned Income Tax Credit..................................       22.9       24.1       26.3       26.1       25.6       26.8       30.2       30.6
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption assistance....        4.2        4.6        4.8        5.5        5.6        5.7        5.8        5.9
      Offsetting receipts.......................................       -0.3       -1.1       -0.9       -1.0       -0.8       -1.2       -1.0       -1.0
      Housing Assistance and Other..............................        0.2        0.2        0.7        1.0        1.2        5.1        6.3        8.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security...................................      205.0      204.3      207.4      212.3      220.9      255.4      268.5      259.7
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security.............................................      379.9      390.6      396.4      406.0      420.0      436.1      445.2      454.5
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans..............................       21.4       22.2       22.7       24.9       22.0       25.8       27.5       28.5
      Other.....................................................        0.3        2.0        1.7        1.4        0.1        0.2        2.1        0.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services....................       21.7       24.2       24.4       26.3       22.1       26.0       29.6       28.9
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs..............      918.6      935.4      942.9      968.1    1,011.3    1,096.5    1,152.8    1,178.5
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense............................................       -1.2       -2.2       -0.7       -0.6       -1.3       -0.4       -0.2        1.5
    International affairs.......................................       -4.0       -5.3       -4.4       -4.1       -5.9       -3.6       -6.2       -6.1
    Energy......................................................       -3.6       -2.6       -2.3       -3.7       -2.8       -2.4       -3.5       -3.2
    Agriculture.................................................        5.3        8.3       19.1       31.9       20.8       16.0       15.5        8.6
    Deposit insurance...........................................      -15.3       -4.6       -5.5       -3.1       -1.5       -1.0       -1.3       -1.8
    Universal service fund......................................        1.1        1.9        3.4        4.1        4.8        4.8        7.7       11.3
    Other commerce and housing credit...........................       -3.0        3.3        4.3       -2.3        0.9       -5.2       -5.2       -5.0
    Community and regional development..........................        0.3       -0.5       -0.1       -0.8       -0.6       -1.1       -0.6        0.1
    General government..........................................        0.9        4.1        3.6        1.1        1.7        2.7        7.3        5.5
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales.....................      -12.1       -8.4       -1.8       -0.2       -1.0         -*  .........  .........
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts.....................      -42.8      -42.2      -40.3      -42.4      -44.8      -44.2      -48.7      -49.7
    All other...................................................        2.6        3.4        3.4        3.2        4.3        6.4        3.3        8.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs........................      -72.1      -44.6      -21.4      -16.7      -25.4      -28.1      -31.9      -29.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs..............................      846.5      890.8      921.5      951.4      985.8    1,068.4    1,120.9    1,148.6
                                                                 =======================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)..................      372.2      376.0      360.6      361.9      351.2      318.8      298.9      294.6
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds.......................................      -66.7      -69.5      -67.9      -69.3      -73.6      -73.3      -68.1      -62.1
    Off-budget trust funds......................................      -43.1      -48.2      -53.1      -59.8      -67.2      -73.6      -78.5      -79.0
  Other.........................................................       -7.1       -9.1       -5.2       -9.9       -9.0       -7.9       -8.5       -6.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest....................................      255.2      249.2      234.4      222.9      201.4      163.9      143.8      146.8
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs................    1,101.8    1,140.0    1,155.9    1,174.4    1,187.2    1,232.3    1,264.7    1,295.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $50 million or less.


[[Page 148]]


                        Table 8.6--OUTLAYS FOR MANDATORY AND RELATED PROGRAMS IN CONSTANT (FY 2000) DOLLARS: 1962-2012--Continued
                                                                (in billions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2007       2008       2009       2010       2011       2012
                      Category and Program                           2005       2006     estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate   estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory programs:
  Human resource programs:
    Education, training, employment, and social services........       16.2       32.4       10.1        4.9        7.4        8.0        8.0        7.6
    Health:
      Medicaid..................................................      163.2      156.2      162.6      166.7      174.1      182.7      192.0      202.5
      Other.....................................................       16.2       17.6       19.1       20.1       20.9       21.0       21.6       22.6
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total health............................................      179.4      173.8      181.6      186.9      195.0      203.7      213.6      225.1
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Medicare....................................................      266.5      283.5      314.1      321.9      332.1      343.6      367.1      363.5
    Income security:
      General retirement and disability.........................        6.0        3.8        6.4        7.1        5.6        5.6        5.8        5.7
      Federal employee retirement and disability................       83.8       85.0       88.7       90.2       91.3       92.1       93.0       93.4
      Unemployment compensation.................................       29.1       26.9       27.0       28.2       28.6       29.6       30.4       31.0
      Food and nutrition assistance.............................       40.8       41.9       42.6       42.8       42.8       42.9       43.1       43.2
      Supplemental Security Income..............................       31.7       29.7       28.4       32.2       32.7       33.2       37.2       31.9
      Family and Other Support Assistance.......................       21.7       20.8       21.0       20.0       19.7       19.0       18.6       18.2
      Earned Income Tax Credit..................................       31.1       31.3       30.9       30.8       30.9       34.2       34.1       32.4
      Payments to States for foster care/adoption assistance....        5.8        5.5        5.5        5.6        5.7        5.7        5.8        5.8
      Offsetting receipts.......................................       -1.0       -0.9       -0.9       -0.8       -0.8       -0.7       -0.7       -0.7
      Housing Assistance and Other..............................       13.3       14.3       13.3       12.4       11.5       10.8       10.4        9.9
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total income security...................................      262.3      258.3      263.0      268.5      267.9      272.4      277.7      270.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social Security.............................................      466.2      471.2      493.5      502.3      515.4      532.6      550.0      592.6
    Veterans benefits and services:
      Income security for veterans..............................       32.2       31.0       31.4       34.9       36.3       37.7       42.1       37.2
      Other.....................................................        3.5        1.5        1.7        2.1        2.2        2.2        2.4        2.5
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total veterans benefits and services....................       35.6       32.5       33.1       37.1       38.5       39.9       44.5       39.8
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory human resources programs..............    1,226.3    1,251.7    1,295.4    1,321.5    1,356.4    1,400.1    1,460.9    1,499.4
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Other mandatory programs:
    National defense............................................        1.4        1.5        2.4        2.8        2.5        2.3        2.3        2.4
    International affairs.......................................       -3.8       -5.4       -2.9       -1.6       -1.6       -1.6       -1.6       -1.5
    Energy......................................................       -2.9       -2.1       -1.6       -2.1       -2.1       -2.0       -1.9       -1.9
    Agriculture.................................................       17.5       16.5       11.6       10.9       10.4       10.4       10.5       10.5
    Deposit insurance...........................................       -1.2       -0.9       -1.8       -2.7       -4.3       -4.5       -4.5       -2.9
    Universal service fund......................................        6.5        6.2        6.9        6.3        6.3        6.4        6.3        6.3
    Other commerce and housing credit...........................       -0.8       -1.7       -7.2       -7.7       -4.2       -4.7       -4.4       -5.4
    Community and regional development..........................        1.1       13.3        2.4          *       -0.3       -0.2       -0.1       -0.1
    General government..........................................        0.4        1.7        1.9        2.1        4.7        2.1        2.4        2.3
    Spectrum auctions and major asset sales.....................       -0.1       -0.1      -10.6       -9.2       -7.2       -0.5       -1.2       -0.6
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts.....................      -52.6      -53.5      -52.0      -55.3      -57.6      -58.8      -61.3      -62.9
    All other...................................................        0.3        1.0        5.5        4.3        3.1        2.8        2.6        2.5
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total other mandatory programs........................      -34.1      -23.5      -45.5      -52.1      -50.3      -48.3      -51.0      -51.2
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total mandatory programs..............................    1,192.2    1,228.2    1,249.9    1,269.4    1,306.1    1,351.8    1,409.9    1,448.2
                                                                 =======================================================================================
 
Net interest:
  Interest on Treasury debt securities (gross)..................      313.2      349.9      364.1      385.8      399.8      411.1      419.9      426.7
  Interest received by:
    On-budget trust funds.......................................      -61.5      -61.7      -63.1      -63.9      -64.8      -66.4      -67.5      -67.7
    Off-budget trust funds......................................      -81.6      -84.3      -89.3      -94.1     -100.2     -107.3     -114.9     -122.4
  Other.........................................................       -6.6       -8.6      -10.5      -13.3      -14.7      -16.8      -19.1      -21.5
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total net interest....................................      163.5      195.4      201.1      214.5      220.1      220.7      218.4      215.1
                                                                 =======================================================================================
Total outlays for mandatory and related programs................    1,355.7    1,423.6    1,451.0    1,483.9    1,526.2    1,572.5    1,628.3    1,663.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* $50 million or less.



[[Page 149]]

 
    Table 8.7--OUTLAYS FOR DISCRETIONARY PROGRAMS: 1962-2008
                                                                (in millions of dollars)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Category and Program                           1962       1963       1964       1965       1966       1967       1968       1969
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................................     52,550     53,718     55,038     51,023     58,998     71,990     82,152     82,715
International affairs...........................................      5,507      5,246      4,603      4,705      5,063      5,348      4,871      4,081
General science, space and technology:
  General science and basic research............................        497        534        766        789        858        897        930        938
  Space and other technology....................................      1,226      2,516      4,131      5,035      5,858      5,337      4,596      4,083
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total General science, space and technology...............      1,723      3,051      4,897      5,824      6,716      6,234      5,525      5,021
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy..........................................................        654        643        686        830        744        835      1,040      1,019
Natural resources and environment...............................      2,286      2,522      2,643      2,825      3,105      3,251      3,361      3,376
Agriculture.....................................................        369        454        492        521        596        663        761        764
Commerce and housing credit.....................................      1,342      1,364      1,177      1,634      1,850      2,243      2,103      1,038
Transportation:
  Ground transportation.........................................         70         65         64         67         86        121        154        287
  Air transportation............................................        737        772        801        864        890        983      1,033      1,176
  Water and other transportation................................        617        633        620        698        671        743        826        847
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total Transportation......................................      1,425      1,469      1,485      1,628      1,647      1,847      2,013      2,310
                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Community and regional development..............................        432        527        894      1,045      1,009      1,001      1,280