[Title 47 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - October 1, 2001 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



[[Page i]]

          

          47
          Part 80 to End
          Revised as of October 1, 2001

          Telecommunication





          Containing a codification of documents 
          of general applicability and future effect

          As of October 1, 2001

          With Ancillaries

          Published by
          Office of the Federal Register
          National Archives and Records
          Administration

          A Special Edition of the Federal Register



[[Page ii]]

                                      




                     U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
                            WASHINGTON : 2001



 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
  Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area 
                              (202) 512-1800
      Fax: (202) 512-2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001



[[Page iii]]




                            Table of Contents



                                                                    Page
  Explanation.................................................       v

  Title 47:
          Chapter I--Federal Communications Commission 
          (Continued)                                                3
          Chapter II--Office of Science and Technology Policy 
          and National Security Council                            727
          Chapter III--National Telecommunications and 
          Information Administration, Department of Commerce       771
  Finding Aids:
      Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference........     777
      Table of CFR Titles and Chapters........................     781
      Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR......     799
      Table of OMB Control Numbers............................     809
      Redesignation Table.....................................     819
      List of CFR Sections Affected...........................     829



[[Page iv]]


      


                     ----------------------------

                     Cite this Code:  CFR
                     To cite the regulations in 
                       this volume use title, 
                       part and section number. 
                       Thus, 47 CFR 80.1 refers 
                       to title 47, part 80, 
                       section 1.

                     ----------------------------

[[Page v]]



                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
revision date (in this case, October 1, 2001), consult the ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
List of Parts Affected,'' which appears in the Reader Aids section of 
the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

    Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal 
Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source 
citations for the regulations are referred to by volume number and page 
number of the Federal Register and date of publication. Publication 
dates and effective dates are usually not the same and care must be 
exercised by the user in determining the actual effective date. In 
instances where the effective date is beyond the cut-off date for the 
Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective date. In 
those instances where a regulation published in the Federal Register 
states a date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be 
inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

[[Page vi]]

Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

OBSOLETE PROVISIONS

    Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on 
the cover of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text 
of provisions in effect on a given date in the past by using the 
appropriate numerical list of sections affected. For the period before 
January 1, 1986, consult either the List of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-
1963, 1964-1972, or 1973-1985, published in seven separate volumes. For 
the period beginning January 1, 1986, a ``List of CFR Sections 
Affected'' is published at the end of each CFR volume.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

    What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was 
established by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the 
requirement to publish regulations in the Federal Register by referring 
to materials already published elsewhere. For an incorporation to be 
valid, the Director of the Federal Register must approve it. The legal 
effect of incorporation by reference is that the material is treated as 
if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5 U.S.C. 552(a)). 
This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force 
of law.
    What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the 
Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when 
the requirements of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which 
approval is based are:
    (a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of 
material published in the Federal Register.
    (b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent 
necessary to afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative 
process.
    (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for 
publication in accordance with 1 CFR part 51.
    Properly approved incorporations by reference in this volume are 
listed in the Finding Aids at the end of this volume.
    What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If 
you have any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed in 
the Finding Aids of this volume as an approved incorporation by 
reference, please contact the agency that issued the regulation 
containing that incorporation. If, after contacting the agency, you find 
the material is not available, please notify the Director of the Federal 
Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC 
20408, or call (202) 523-4534.

CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

    A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a 
separate volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR Index 
and Finding Aids. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Statutory 
Authorities and Agency Rules (Table I). A list of CFR titles, chapters, 
and parts and an alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are 
also included in this volume.
    An index to the text of ``Title 3--The President'' is carried within 
that volume.
    The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumulative form. 
This index is based on a consolidation of the ``Contents'' entries in 
the daily Federal Register.
    A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published monthly, keyed to 
the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

[[Page vii]]


REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL

    There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing 
in the Code of Federal Regulations.

INQUIRIES

    For a legal interpretation or explanation of any regulation in this 
volume, contact the issuing agency. The issuing agency's name appears at 
the top of odd-numbered pages.
    For inquiries concerning CFR reference assistance, call 202-523-5227 
or write to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408 or e-mail 
info@fedreg.nara.gov.

SALES

    The Government Printing Office (GPO) processes all sales and 
distribution of the CFR. For payment by credit card, call 202-512-1800, 
M-F, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. e.s.t. or fax your order to 202-512-2250, 24 hours 
a day. For payment by check, write to the Superintendent of Documents, 
Attn: New Orders, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. For GPO 
Customer Service call 202-512-1803.

ELECTRONIC SERVICES

    The full text of the Code of Federal Regulations, The United States 
Government Manual, the Federal Register, Public Laws, Public Papers, 
Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents and the Privacy Act 
Compilation are available in electronic format at www.access.gpo.gov/
nara (``GPO Access''). For more information, contact Electronic 
Information Dissemination Services, U.S. Government Printing Office. 
Phone 202-512-1530, or 888-293-6498 (toll-free). E-mail, 
gpoaccess@gpo.gov.
    The Office of the Federal Register also offers a free service on the 
National Archives and Records Administration's (NARA) World Wide Web 
site for public law numbers, Federal Register finding aids, and related 
information. Connect to NARA's web site at www.nara.gov/fedreg. The NARA 
site also contains links to GPO Access.

                              Raymond A. Mosley,
                                    Director,
                          Office of the Federal Register.

October 1, 2001.



[[Page ix]]



                               THIS TITLE

    Title 47--Telecommunication is composed of five volumes. The parts 
in these volumes are arranged in the following order: Parts 0-19, parts 
20-39, parts 40-69, parts 70-79, and part 80 to end, chapter I--Federal 
Communications Commission. The last volume, part 80 to end, also 
includes chapter II--Office of Science and Technology Policy and 
National Security Council, and chapter III--National Telecommunications 
and Information Administration, Department of Commerce. The contents of 
these volumes represent all current regulations codified under this 
title of the CFR as of October 1, 2001.

    Part 73 contains a numerical designation of FM broadcast channels 
(Sec. 73.201) and a table of FM allotments designated for use in 
communities in the United States, its territories, and possessions 
(Sec. 73.202). Part 73 also contains a numerical designation of 
television channels (Sec. 73.603) and a table of allotments which 
contain channels designated for the listed communities in the United 
States, its territories, and possessions (Sec. 73.606).

    The OMB control numbers for the Federal Communications Commission, 
appear in Sec. 0.408 of chapter I. For the convenience of the user 
Sec. 0.408 is reprinted in the Finding Aids section of the second 
through fifth volumes.

    A redesignation table appears in the Finding Aids section of the 
volume containing part 80 to end.

[[Page x]]





[[Page 1]]



                       TITLE 47--TELECOMMUNICATION




                   (This book contains part 80 to end)

  --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Part

chapter i--Federal Communications Commission (Continued)....          80

chapter ii--Office of Science and Technology Policy and 
  National Security Council.................................         201

chapter iii--National Telecommunications and Information 
  Administration, Department of Commerce....................         300

[[Page 3]]



                    CHAPTER I--FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS
                         COMMISSION (CONTINUED)




  --------------------------------------------------------------------

             SUBCHAPTER D--SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES

Part                                                                Page
80              Stations in the maritime services...........           5
87              Aviation services...........................         193
90              Private land mobile radio services..........         242
94              [Reserved]
95              Personal radio services.....................         521
97              Amateur radio service.......................         575
100             Direct broadcast satellite service..........         611
101             Fixed microwave services....................         619

Supplemental Publications:   

  Annual Reports of the Federal Communications Commission to Congress.

  Federal Communications Commission Reports of Orders and Decision.

  Communications Act of 1934 (with amendments and index thereto), Recap. 
Version May 1989.

  Study Guide and Reference Material for Commercial Radio Operator 
Examinations, May 1987 edition.

[[Page 5]]





             SUBCHAPTER D--SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES


PART 80--STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES--Table of Contents




                     Subpart A--General Information

                                 General

Sec.
80.1  Basis and purpose.
80.2  Other regulations that apply.
80.3  Other applicable rule parts of this chapter.
80.5  Definitions.

                  Subpart B--Applications and Licenses

80.11  Scope.
80.13  Station license required.
80.15  Eligibility for station license.
80.17  Administrative classes of stations.
80.21  Supplemental information required.
80.25  License term.
80.31  Cancellation of license.
80.33  Developmental license.
80.37  One authorization for a plurality of stations.
80.39  Authorized station location.
80.41  Control points and dispatch points.
80.43  Equipment acceptable for licensing.
80.45  Frequencies.
80.47  Operation during emergency.
80.49  Construction and regional service requirements.
80.51  Ship earth station licensing.
80.53  Application for a portable ship station license.
80.54  Automated Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS)--System 
          Licensing.
80.55  Application for a fleet station license.
80.57  Canada/U.S.A. channeling arrangement for VHF maritime public 
          correspondence.
80.59  Compulsory ship inspections.
80.60  Partitioned licenses and disaggregated spectrum.

            Subpart C--Operating Requirements and Procedures

                      Station Requirements--General

80.61  Commission inspection of stations.
80.63  Maintenance of transmitter power.

                   Station Requirements--Land Stations

80.67  General facilities requirements for coast stations.
80.68  Facilities requirements for public coast stations using 
          telegraphy.
80.69  Facilities requirement for public coast stations using telephony.
80.70  Special provisions relative to coast station VHF facilities.
80.71  Operating controls for stations on land.
80.72  Antenna requirements for coast stations.
80.74  Public coast station facilities for a telephony busy signal.
80.76  Requirements for land station control points.

                   Station Requirements--Ship Stations

80.79  Inspection of ship station by a foreign Government.
80.80  Operating controls for ship stations.
80.81  Antenna requirements for ship stations.
80.83  Protection from potentially hazardous RF radiation.

                      Operating Procedures--General

80.86  International regulations applicable.
80.87  Cooperative use of frequency assignments.
80.88  Secrecy of communication.
80.89  Unauthorized transmissions.
80.90  Suspension of transmission.
80.91  Order of priority of communications.
80.92  Prevention of interference.
80.93  Hours of service.
80.94  Control by coast or Government station.
80.95  Message charges.
80.96  Maintenance tests.
80.97  Radiotelegraph operating procedures.
80.98  Radiotelegraph testing procedures.
80.99  Radiotelegraph station identification.
80.100  Morse code requirement.
80.101  Radiotelephone testing procedures.
80.102  Radiotelephone station identification.
80.103  Digital selective calling (DSC) operating procedures.
80.104  Identification of radar transmissions not authorized.

                   Operating Procedures--Land Stations

80.105  General obligations of coast stations.
80.106  Intercommunication in the mobile service.
80.107  Service of private coast stations and marine-utility stations.
80.108  Transmission of traffic lists by coast stations.
80.109  Transmission to a plurality of mobile stations by a public coast 
          station.
80.110  Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure markings and 
          associated control equipment.
80.111  Radiotelephone operating procedures for coast stations.

                   Operating Procedures--Ship Stations

80.114  Authority of the master.

[[Page 6]]

80.115  Operational conditions for use of associated ship units.
80.116  Radiotelephone operating procedures for ship stations.

                Special Procedures--Public Coast Stations

80.121  Public coast stations using telegraphy.
80.122  Public coast stations using facsimile and data.
80.123  Service to stations on land.

               Special Procedures--Private Coast Stations

80.131  Radioprinter operations.
80.133  Private coast stations using facsimile in Alaska.

                    Special Procedures--Ship Stations

80.141  General provisions for ship stations.
80.142  Ships using radiotelegraphy.
80.143  Required frequencies for radiotelephony.
80.145  Class C EPIRB operational procedures.

                    Shipboard General Purpose Watches

80.146  Watch on 500 kHz.
80.147  Watch on 2182 kHz.
80.148  Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).

                               Violations

80.149  Answer to notice of violation.

                    Subpart D--Operator Requirements

80.151  Classification of operator licenses and endorsements.

                   Coast Station Operator Requirements

80.153  Coast station operator requirements.

                   Ship Station Operator Requirements

80.155  Ship station operator requirements.
80.156  Control by operator.
80.157  Radio officer defined.
80.159  Operator requirements of Title III of the Communications Act and 
          the Safety Convention.
80.161  Operator requirements of the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.
80.163  Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.
80.165  Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

                      General Operator Requirements

80.167  Limitations on operators.
80.169  Operators required to adjust transmitters or radar.
80.175  Availability of operator licenses.
80.177  When operator license is not required.
80.179  Unattended operation.

                 Subpart E--General Technical Standards

80.201  Scope.
80.203  Authorization of transmitters for licensing.
80.205  Bandwidths.
80.207  Classes of emission.
80.209  Transmitter frequency tolerances.
80.211  Emission limitations.
80.213  Modulation requirements.
80.215  Transmitter power.
80.217  Suppression of interference aboard ships.
80.219  Special requirements for narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP) 
          equipment.
80.221  Special requirements for automatically generating the 
          radiotelephone alarm signal.
80.223  Special requirements for survival craft stations.
80.225  Requirements for selective calling equipment.
80.227  Special requirements for protection from RF radiation.
80.229  Special requirements for automatic link establishment (ALE).

         Subpart F--Equipment Authorization for Compulsory Ships

80.251  Scope.
80.253  Technical requirements for main transmitter.
80.255  Technical requirements for reserve transmitter.
80.257  Manufacturing requirements for radiotelegraph automatic alarm 
          receiver (auto alarm).
80.259  Technical requirements for radiotelegraph auto alarm receiver.
80.261  Technical requirements for automatic-alarm-signal keying device 
          .
80.263  Common requirements for survival craft radio equipment.
80.265  Requirements for survival craft portable radio equipment.
80.267  Requirements for survival craft nonportable radio equipment.
80.269  Technical requirements for radiotelephone distress frequency 
          watch receiver.
80.271  Technical requirements for portable survival craft 
          radiotelephone transceivers.
80.273  Technical requirements for radar equipment.

           Subpart G--Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures

                      Coast Station Safety Watches

80.301  Watch requirements.
80.302  Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service 
          involving a distress watch.
80.303  Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).

[[Page 7]]

                       Ship Station Safety Watches

80.304  Watch requirement during silence periods.
80.305  Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety 
          Convention.
80.306  Provisions governing the radiotelegraph watch.
80.307  Compulsory use of radiotelegraph auto alarm.
80.308  Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.
80.309  Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.
80.310  Watch required by voluntary vessels.

             Distress, Alarm, Urgency and Safety Procedures

80.311  Authority for distress transmission.
80.312  Priority of distress transmissions.
80.313  Frequencies for use in distress.
80.314  Distress signals.
80.315  Distress calls.
80.316  Distress messages.
80.317  Radiotelegraph and radiotelephone alarm signals.
80.318  Use of alarm signals.
80.319  Radiotelegraph distress call and message transmission procedure.
80.320  Radiotelephone distress call and message transmission procedure.
80.321  Acknowledgement of receipt of distress message.
80.322  Form of acknowledgement.
80.323  Information furnished by an acknowledging station.
80.324  Transmission of distress message by station not itself in 
          distress.
80.325  Control of distress traffic.
80.326  Notification of resumption of normal working.
80.327  Urgency signals.
80.328  Urgency message.
80.329  Safety signals.
80.330  Safety message.
80.331  Bridge-to-bridge communication procedure.
80.332  Equipment to aid search and rescue operations.
80.333  Stations in the maritime mobile-satellite service.

                         Subpart H--Frequencies

                             Radiotelegraphy

80.351  Scope.
80.353  General uses--radiotelegraphy.
80.355  Distress, urgency, safety, call and reply Morse code 
          frequencies.
80.357  Morse code working frequencies.
80.359  Frequencies for digital selective calling (DSC).
80.361  Frequencies for narrow-band direct-printing (NBDP), radioprinter 
          and data transmissions.
80.363  Frequencies for facsimile.

                             Radiotelephony

80.365  Scope.
80.367  General uses--radiotelephony.
80.369  Distress, urgency, safety, call and reply frequencies.
80.371  Public correspondence frequencies.
80.373  Private communications frequencies.
80.374  Special provisions for frequencies in the 4000-4063 kHz and the 
          8100-8195 kHz bands shared with the fixed service.

                           Radiodetermination

80.375  Radiodetermination frequencies.

                           Ship Earth Stations

80.377  Frequencies for ship earth stations.

                            Aircraft Stations

80.379  Maritime frequencies assignable to aircraft stations.

                       Operational Fixed Stations

80.381  Frequencies for operational fixed stations.

                  Vessel Traffic Services System (VTS)

80.383  Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) system frequencies.

                            Automated Systems

80.385  Frequencies for automated systems.

                          Alaska Fixed Stations

80.387  Frequencies for Alaska fixed stations.

                        Maritime Support Stations

80.389  Frequencies for maritime support stations.

                         Developmental Stations

80.391  Frequencies for developmental stations.

                      Subpart I--Station Documents

80.401  Station documents requirement.
80.403  Availability of documents.
80.405  Station license.
80.407  Operator authorization.
80.409  Station logs.
80.411  Vessel certification or exemption.
80.413  On-board station equipment records.
80.415  ITU publications.
80.417  FCC Rules and Regulations.

                    Subpart J--Public Coast Stations

                            Stations on Land

80.451  Supplemental eligibility requirements.
80.453  Scope of communications.

[[Page 8]]

                            Use of Telegraphy

80.455  Assignment and use of frequencies for manual Morse code 
          telegraphy.
80.459  Digital selective calling.
80.461  Narrow-band direct-printing.

                            Use of Telephony

80.465  Assignment and use of frequencies for telephony.
80.467  Duplication of VHF service.
80.469  Maritime mobile repeater stations in Alaska.
80.471  Discontinuance or impairment of service.

                            Automated Systems

80.475  Scope of service of the Automated Maritime Telecommunications 
          Systems (AMTS).
80.477  AMTS points of communication.
80.479  Assignment and use of frequencies for AMTS.
80.481  Alternative technical parameters for AMTS transmitters.

      Subpart K--Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations

80.501  Supplemental eligibility requirements.
80.503  Cooperative use of facilities.
80.505  Points of communication.
80.507  Scope of service.
80.509  Frequency assignment.
80.511  Assignment limitations.
80.513  Frequency coordination.
80.514  Marine VHF frequency coordinating committee(s).
80.515  Limitations on use.
80.517  Time limitation on communication.
80.519  Station identification.

                  Subpart L--Operational Fixed Stations

80.551  Applicability.
80.553  Supplemental eligibility requirements.
80.555  Scope of communication.
81.557  Assignment and use of frequencies.
81.559  Licensing limitations.

          Subpart M--Stations in the Radiodetermination Service

80.601  Scope of communications.
80.603  Assignment and use of frequencies.
80.605  U.S. Coast Guard coordination.

                   Subpart N-Maritime Support Stations

80.651  Supplemental eligibility requirements.
80.653  Scope of communications.
80.655  Use of frequencies.
80.659  Technical requirements.

                    Subpart O--Alaska Fixed Stations

80.701  Scope of service.
80.703  Priority of distress and other signals.
80.705  Hours of service of Alaska-public fixed stations.
80.707  Cooperative use of frequency assignments.
80.709  Frequencies available.
80.711  Use of U.S. Government frequencies.

  Subpart P--Standards for Computing Public Coast Station VHF Coverage

80.751  Scope.
80.753  Signal strength requirements at the service area contour.
80.755  Applicability.
80.757  Topographical data.
80.759  Average terrain elevation.
80.761  Conversion graphs.
80.763  Effective antenna height.
80.765  Effective radiated power.
80.767  Propagation curve.
80.769  Shadow loss.
80.771  Method of computing coverage.
80.773  Co-channel interference protection.

  Subpart Q--Compulsory Radiotelegraph Installations for Vessels 1600 
                               Gross Tons

                          Stations on Shipboard

80.801  Applicability.
80.802  Inspection of station.
80.804  Radio station.
80.805  Radio installations.
80.806  Requirements of main installation.
80.807  Requirements of radiotelephone installation.
80.808  Requirements of reserve installation.
80.809  Routing of power supply wiring.
80.810  Use of reserve installation.
80.811  Tests of reserve installation and automatic-alarm-signal keying 
          device.
80.812  Automatic-alarm-signal keying device.
80.813  Installation of automatic-alarm-signal keying device.
80.814  Radiotelegraph auto alarm.
80.815  Installation of radiotelegraph auto alarm.
80.817  Tests of radiotelegraph auto alarm.
80.818  Direction finding and homing equipment.
80.819  Requirements for radio direction finder.
80.820  Auxiliary receiving antenna.
80.821  Installation of direction finder.
80.822  Contingent acceptance of direction finder calibration.
80.823  Check bearings by authorized ship personnel.
80.824  Homing facility requirements.
80.825  Radar installation requirements and specifications.
80.826  Interior communication systems.

[[Page 9]]

80.827  Requirements for interior communication systems.
80.828  Radiotelegraph station clock.
80.829  Survival craft nonportable radiotelegraph installation.
80.830  Power supply for survival craft nonportable radiotelegraph 
          installation.
80.831  Survival craft portable radiotelegraph equipment.
80.832  Tests of survival craft radio equipment.
80.833  Class S survival craft emergency position indicating 
          radiobeacons (EPIRB's).
80.834  Survival craft portable two-way radiotelephone.
80.835  Ship and survival craft station spare parts, tools, instruction 
          books, circuit diagrams and testing equipment.
80.836  General exemptions.

Subpart R--Compulsory Radiotelephone Installations for Vessels 300 Gross 
                                  Tons

80.851  Applicability.
80.853  Radiotelephone station.
80.854  Radiotelephone installation.
80.855  Radiotelephone transmitter.
80.856  Automatic radiotelephone alarm signal generator.
80.857  Installation of automatic radiotelephone alarm signal generator.
80.858  Radiotelephone receiver.
80.859  Main power supply.
80.860  Reserve power supply.
80.861  Required capacity.
80.862  Proof of capacity.
80.863  Antenna system.
80.864  Emergency electric lights.
80.865  Radiotelephone station clock.
80.866  Spare antenna.
80.867  Ship station tools, instruction books, circuit diagrams and 
          testing equipment.
80.868  Card of instructions.
80.869  Test of radiotelephone station.
80.870  Survival craft radio equipment.
80.871  VHF radiotelephone station.
80.872  The VHF radiotelephone installation.
80.873  VHF radiotelephone transmitter.
80.874  VHF radiotelephone receiver.
80.875  VHF radiotelephone power supply.
80.876  VHF radiotelephone antenna system.
80.877  Controls and indicators required for VHF radiotelephone 
          installation.
80.879  Radar installation requirements and specifications.

 Subpart S--Compulsory Radiotelephone Installations for Small Passenger 
                                  Boats

80.901  Applicability.
80.903  Inspection of radiotelephone installation.
80.905  Vessel radio equipment.
80.907  Principal operating position.
80.909  Radiotelephone transmitter.
80.911  VHF transmitter.
80.913  Radiotelephone receivers.
80.915  Main power supply.
80.917  Reserve power supply.
80.919  Required capacity.
80.921  Proof of capacity.
80.923  Antenna system.
80.925  Electric light.
80.927  Antenna radio frequency indicator.
80.929  Nameplate.
80.931  Test of radiotelephone installation.
80.933  General small passenger vessel exemptions.
80.935  Station clock.

Subpart T--Radiotelephone Installation Required for Vessels on the Great 
                                  Lakes

80.951  Applicability.
80.953  Inspection and certification.
80.955  Radiotelephone installation.
80.956  Required frequencies and uses.
80.957  Principal operating position.
80.959  Radiotelephone transmitter.
80.961  Radiotelephone receiver.
80.963  Main power supply.
80.965  Reserve power supply.
80.967  Antenna system.
80.969  Illumination of operating controls.
80.971  Test of radiotelephone installation.

Subpart U--Radiotelephone Installations Required by the Bridge-to-Bridge 
                                   Act

80.1001  Applicability.
80.1003  Station required.
80.1005  Inspection of station.
80.1007  Bridge-to-bridge radiotelephone installation.
80.1009  Principal operator and operating position.
80.1011  Transmitter.
80.1013  Receiver.
80.1015  Power supply.
80.1017  Antenna system.
80.1019  Antenna radio frequency indicator.
80.1021  Nameplate.
80.1023  Test of radiotelephone installation.

     Subpart V--Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRB's)

80.1051  Scope.
80.1053  Special requirements for Class A EPIRB stations.
80.1055  Special requirements for Class B EPIRB stations.
80.1057  Special requirements for Class C EPIRB stations.
80.1059  Special requirements for Class S EPIRB stations.
80.1061  Special requirements for 406.025 MHz EPIRBs.

      Subpart W--Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)

                           General Provisions

80.1065  Applicability.

[[Page 10]]

80.1067  Inspection of station.
80.1069  Maritime sea areas.
80.1071  Exemptions.
80.1073  Radio operator requirements for ship stations.
80.1074  Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.
80.1075  Radio records.
80.1077  Frequencies.

                Equipment Requirements for Ship Stations

80.1081  Functional requirements.
80.1083  Ship radio installations.
80.1085  Ship radio equipment--General.
80.1087  Ship radio equipment--Sea area A1.
80.1089  Ship radio equipment--Sea areas A1 and A2.
80.1091  Ship radio equipment--Sea areas A1, A2, and A3.
80.1093  Ship radio equipment--Sea areas A1, A2, A3, and A4.
80.1095  Survival craft equipment.
80.1099  Ship sources of energy.
80.1101  Performance standards.
80.1103  Equipment authorization.
80.1105  Maintenance requirements.

       Operating Procedures for Distress and Safety Communications

80.1109  Distress, urgency, and safety communications.
80.1111  Distress alerting.
80.1113  Transmission of a distress alert.
80.1115  Transmission of a distress alert by a station not itself in 
          distress.
80.1117  Procedure for receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts.
80.1119  Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast 
          stations and coast earth stations.
80.1121  Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by ship stations 
          and ship earth stations.
80.1123  Watch requirements for ship stations.
80.1125  Search and rescue coordinating communications.
80.1127  On-scene communications.
80.1129  Locating and homing signals.
80.1131  Transmissions of urgency communications.
80.1133  Transmissions of safety communications.
80.1135  Transmission of maritime safety information.

                Subpart X--Voluntary Radio Installations

                                 General

80.1151  Voluntary radio operations.
80.1153  Station log and radio watches.

                          Voluntary Telegraphy

80.1155  Radioprinter.
80.1157  Facsimile.
80.1159  Narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP).
80.1161  Emergency position indicating radiobeacon (EPIRB).

                           Voluntary Telephony

80.1165  Assignment and use of frequencies.
80.1169  [Reserved]
80.1171  Assignment and use of frequencies.

                         On-Board Communications

80.1175  Scope of communications of on-board stations.
80.1177  Assignment and use of frequencies.
80.1179  On-board repeater limitations.
80.1181  Station identification.
80.1183  Remote control for maneuvering or navigation.

                        Mobile-Satellite Stations

80.1185  Supplemental eligibility for mobile-satellite stations.
80.1187  Scope of communication.
80.1189  Portable ship earth stations.

                           Radiodetermination

80.1201  Special provisions for cable-repair ship stations.

                Subpart Y--Competitive Bidding Procedures

80.1251  Maritime communications services subject to competitive 
          bidding.
80.1252  Designated entities.

    Authority: Secs. 4, 303, 307(e), 309, and 332, 48 Stat. 1066, 1082, 
as amended; 47 U.S.C. 154, 303, 307(e), 309, and 332, unless otherwise 
noted. Interpret or apply 48 Stat. 1064-1068, 1081-1105, as amended; 47 
U.S.C. 151-155, 301-609; 3 UST 3450, 3 UST 4726, 12 UST 2377.

    Source: 51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, unless otherwise noted.



                     Subpart A--General Information

                                 General



Sec. 80.1  Basis and purpose.

    This section contains the statutory basis for this part of the rules 
and provides the purpose for which this part is issued.
    (a) Basis. The rules for the maritime services in this part are 
promulgated under the provisions of the Communications Act of 1934, as 
amended, which vests authority in the Federal Communications Commission 
to regulate radio transmission and to issue licenses for radio stations. 
The rules in

[[Page 11]]

this part are in accordance wtih applicable statutes, international 
treaties, agreements and recommendations to which the United States is a 
party. The most significant of these documents are listed below with the 
short title appearing in parenthesis:

Communications Act of 1934, as amended--(Communications Act).
Communications Satellite Act of 1962, as amended--(Communications 
Satellite Act).
International Telecommunication Union Radio Regulations, in force for 
the United States--(Radio Regulations).
Agreement Between the United States of America and Canada for the 
Promotion of Safety on the Great Lakes by Means of Radio, as amended, 
and the Technical Regulations annexed thereto--(Great Lakes Radio 
Agreement).
International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended, 
and the Annex thereto--(Safety Convention).
Vessel Bridge-to-Bridge Radiotelephone Act--(Bridge-to-Bridge Act).

    (b) Purpose. This part states the conditions under which radio may 
be licensed and used in the maritime services. These rules do not govern 
radio stations operated by agencies of the U.S. Government.



Sec. 80.2  Other regulations that apply.

    The Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard has promulgated regulations which 
affect radiotelecommunication equipment carriage and power source 
installation requirements for certain ships. Inquiries concerning 
applicable U.S. Coast Guard regulations are to addressed to the 
Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, DC 20593, or to the nearest 
District Headquarters Office of the U.S. Coast Guard.



Sec. 80.3  Other applicable rule parts of this chapter.

    Other FCC rule parts applicable to licensees in the maritime 
services include the following:
    (a) Part 0. This part describes the Commission's organization and 
delegations of authority. Part 0 also lists available Commission 
publications, standards and procedures for access to Commission records 
and location on Commission monitoring stations.
    (b) Part 1. This part includes rules of practice and procedure for 
license applications, adjudicatory proceedings, procedures for 
reconsideration and review of Commission actions; provisions concerning 
violation notices and forfeiture proceedings; and the environmental 
processing requirements that, if applicable, must be complied with prior 
to the initiation of construction. Subpart Q of Part 1 contains rules 
governing competitive bidding procedures for resolving mutually 
exclusive applications for certain initial licenses.
    (c) Part 2. This part contains the Table of Frequency Allocations 
and special requirements in international regulations, recommendations, 
agreements, and treaties. This part also contain standards and 
procedures concerning marketing of radio frequency devices, and for 
obtaining equipment authorization.
    (d) Part 13. This part contains information and rules for the 
licensing of commercial radio operators.
    (e) Part 17. This part contains requirements for construction, 
marking and lighting of antenna towers.
    (f) Part 20 of this chapter which governs commercial mobile radio 
services which include subpart J of this part (public coast stations).
    (g) Part 21. This part contains rules concerning point-to-point 
microwave service authority relating to communication common carriers.
    (h) Part 64. This part contains miscellaneous rules relating to 
communication common carriers.
    (i) Part 68. This part contains technical standards for connection 
of terminal equipment to the telephone network.
    (j) Part 87. This part contains rules for the aviation services. 
Some maritime frequencies are authorized for use by aircraft stations 
for safety and distress, public correpondence and for operational 
communications.
    (k) Part 101. This part contains rules concerning the private 
microwave service relating to point-to-point communication requirements.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 55 FR 20398, May 16, 1990; 59 
FR 18499, Apr. 19, 1994; 63 FR 40062, July 27, 1998; 63 FR 68955, Dec. 
14, 1998]

[[Page 12]]



Sec. 80.5  Definitions.

    Alaska--public fixed station. A fixed station in Alaska which is 
open to public correspondence and is licensed by the Commission for 
radio communication with Alaska-Private fixed stations on paired 
channels.
    Alaska--private fixed station. A fixed station in Alaska which is 
licensed by the Commission for radio communication within Alaska and 
with associated ship stations, on single frequency channels. Alaska-
private fixed stations are also eligible to communicate with Alaska-
public fixed stations on paired channels.
    Associated ship unit. A portable VHF transmitter for use in the 
vicinity of the ship station with which it is associated.
    Automated maritime telecommunications system (AMTS). An automatic, 
integrated and interconnected maritime communications system.
    Automated mutual-assistance vessel rescue system (AMVER). An 
international system, operated by the U.S. Coast Guard, which provides 
aid to the development and coordination of search and rescue (SAR) 
efforts. Data is made available to recognized SAR agencies or vessels of 
any nation for reasons related to marine safety.
    Bridge-to-bridge station. A radio station located on a ship's 
navigational bridge or main control station operating on a specified 
frequency which is used only for navigational communications, in the 
156-162 MHz band.
    Cargo ship safety radio certificate. A certificate issued after a 
ship passes an inspection of the required radiotelegraph, radiotelephone 
or GMDSS radio installation. Issuance of this certificate indicates that 
the vessel complies with the Communications Act and the Safety 
Convention.
    Cargo ship safety radiotelegraphy certificate. A certificate issued 
after a ship passes an inspection of a radiotelegraph installation. 
Issuance of this certificate indicates that the vessel complies with the 
Communications Act and the Safety Convention.
    Cargo ship safety radiotelephony certificate. A certificate issued 
after a ship passes an inspection of a radiotelephone installation. 
Issuance of this certificate indicates that the vessel complies with the 
Communications Act and the Safety Convention.
    Categories of ships. (1) When referenced in Part II of Title III of 
the Communications Act or the radio provisions of the Safety Convention, 
a ship is a passenger ship if it carries or is licensed or certificated 
to carry more than twelve passengers. A cargo ship is any ship not a 
passenger ship.
    (2) A commercial transport vessel is any ship which is used 
primarily in commerce (i) for transporting persons or goods to or from 
any harbor(s) or port(s) or between places within a harbor or port area, 
or (ii) in connection with the construction, change in construction, 
servicing, maintenance, repair, loading, unloading, movement, piloting, 
or salvaging of any other ship or vessel.
    (3) The term passenger carrying vessel, when used in reference to 
Part III, Title III of the Communications Act of the Great Lakes Radio 
Agreement, means any ship transporting more than six passengers for 
hire.
    (4) Power-driven vessel. Any ship propelled by machinery.
    (5) Towing vessel. Any commercial ship engaged in towing another 
ship astern, alongside or by pushing ahead.
    (6) Compulsory ship. Any ship which is required to be equipped with 
radiotelecommunication equipment in order to comply with the radio or 
radio-navigation provisions of a treaty or statute to which the vessel 
is subject.
    (7) Voluntary ship. Any ship which is not required by treaty or 
statute to be equipped with radiotelecommunication equipment.
    Coast station. A land station in the maritime mobile service.
    Commercial communications. Communications between coast stations and 
ship stations aboard commercial transport vessels, or between ship 
stations aboard commercial transport vessels, which relate directly to 
the purposes for which the ship is used including the piloting of 
vessels, movements of vessels, obtaining vessel supplies, and scheduling 
of repairs.
    Day. (1) Where the word day is applied to the use of a specific 
frequency assignment or to a specific authorized transmitter power, its 
use means

[[Page 13]]

transmission on the frequency assignment or with the authorized 
transmitter power during that period of time included between one hour 
after local sunrise and one hour before local sunset.
    (2) Where the word day occurs in reference to watch requirements, or 
to equipment testing, its use means the calendar day, from midnight to 
midnight, local time.
    Digital selective calling (DSC). A synchronous system developed by 
the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR), used to establish 
contact with a station or group of stations automatically by means of 
radio. The operational and technical characteristics of this system are 
contained in CCIR Recommendation 493.
    Direction finder (radio compass). Apparatus capable of receiving 
radio signals and taking bearings on these signals from which the true 
bearing and direction of the point of origin may be determined.
    Distress signal. The distress signal is an internationally 
recognized radiotelegraph or radiotelephone transmission which indicates 
that a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle is threatened by grave and 
imminent danger and requests immediate assistance.
    (1) In radiotelegraphy, the international distress signal consists 
of the group ``three dots, three dashes, three dots'', transmitted as a 
single signal in which the dashes are emphasized so as to be 
distinguished clearly from the dots.
    (2) In radiotelephony, the international distress signal consists of 
the enunciation of the word ``Mayday'', pronounced as the French 
expression ``m'aider''. In case of distress, transmission of this 
particular signal is intended to ensure recognition of a radiotelephone 
distress call by stations of any nationality.
    Distress traffic. All messages relative to the immediate assistance 
required by a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle in distress.
    Emergency position indicating radiobeacon (EPIRB) station. A station 
in the maritime mobile service the emissions of which are intended to 
facilitate search and rescue operations.
    Environmental communications. Broadcasts of information about the 
environmental conditions in which vessels operate, i.e., weather, sea 
conditions, time signals adequate for practical navigation, notices to 
mariners, and hazards to navigation.
    Fleet radio station license. An authorization issued by the 
Commission for two or more ships having a common owner or operator.
    Global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS). An International 
Maritime Organization (IMO) worldwide coordinated maritime distress 
system designed to provide the rapid transfer of distress messages from 
vessels in distress to units best suited for giving or coordinating 
assistance. The system includes standardized equipment and operational 
procedures, unique identifers for each station, and the integrated use 
of frequency bands and radio systems to ensure the transmission and 
reception of distress and safety calls and messages at short, medium and 
long ranges.
    Great Lakes. This term, used in this part in reference to the Great 
Lakes Radio Agreement, means all of Lakes Ontario, Erie, Huron 
(including Georgian Bay), Michigan, Superior, their connecting and 
tributary waters and the St. Lawrence River as far east as the lower 
exit of the St. Lambert Lock as Montreal in the Province of Quebec, 
Canada, but does not include any connecting and tributary waters other 
than: the St. Marys River, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the 
Detroit River and the Welland Canal.
    Harbor or port. Any place to which ships may resort for shelter, or 
to load or unload passengers or goods, or to obtain fuel, water, or 
supplies. This term applies to such places whether proclaimed public or 
not and whether natural or artifical.
    Inland waters. This term, as used in reference to waters of the 
United States, its territories and possessions, means waters that lie 
landward of the boundary lines of inland waters as contained in 33 CFR 
part 82, as well as waters within its land territory, such as rivers and 
lakes, over which the United States exercises sovereignty.
    Marine utility station. A station in the maritime mobile service 
consisting of

[[Page 14]]

one or more handheld radiotelephone units licensed under a single 
authorization. Each unit is capable of operation while being hand-
carried by an individual. The station operates under the rules 
applicable to ship stations when the unit is aboard a vessel, and under 
the rules applicable to private coast stations when the unit is on land.
    Maritime control communications. Communications between private 
coast and ship stations or between ship stations licensed to a state or 
local governmental entity, which relate directly to the control of 
boating activities or assistance to ships.
    Maritime mobile repeater station. A land station at a fixed location 
established for the automatic retransmission of signals to extend the 
range of communication of ship and coast stations.
    Maritime mobile-satellite service. A mobile-satellite service in 
which mobile earth stations are located on board ships. Survival craft 
stations and EPIRB stations may also participate in this service.
    Maritime mobile service. A mobile service between coast stations and 
ship stations, or between ship stations, or between associated on-board 
communication stations. Survival craft stations and EPIRB stations also 
participate in this service.
    Maritime mobile service identities. An international system for the 
identification of radio stations in the maritime mobile service. The 
system is comprised of a series of nine digits which are transmitted 
over the radio path to uniquely identify ship stations, ship earth 
stations, coast stations, coast earth stations and groups of stations.
    Maritime radiodetermination service. A maritime radiocommunication 
service for determining the position, velocity, and/or other 
characteristics of an object, or the obtaining of information relating 
to these parameters, by the propagation properties of radio waves.
    Maritime support station. A station on land used in support of the 
maritime services to train personnel and to demonstrate, test and 
maintain equipment.
    Navigable waters. This term, as used in reference to waters of the 
United States, its territories and possessions, means the waters 
shoreward of the baseline of its territorial sea and internal waters as 
contained in 33 CFR 2.05-25.
    Navigational communications. Safety communications pertaining to the 
maneuvering of vessels or the directing of vessel movements. Such 
communications are primarily for the exchange of information between 
ship stations and secondarily between ship stations and coast stations.
    Noncommercial communications. Communication between coast stations 
and ship stations other than commercial transport ships, or between ship 
stations aboard other than commercial transport ships which pertain to 
the needs of the ship.
    Non-selectable transponder. A transponder whose coded response is 
displayed on any conventional radar operating in the appropriate band.
    On-board communication station. A low-powered mobile station in the 
maritime mobile service intended for use for internal communications on 
board a ship, or between a ship and its lifeboats and liferafts during 
lifeboat drills or operations, or for communication within a group of 
vessels being towed or pushed, as well as for line handling and mooring 
instructions.
    On-board repeater. A radio station that receives and automatically 
retransmits signals between on-board communication stations.
    Open sea. The water area of the open coast seaward of the ordinary 
low-water mark, or seaward of inland waters.
    Operational fixed station. A fixed station, not open to public 
correspondence, operated by entities that provide their own 
radiocommunication facilities in the private land mobile, maritime or 
aviation services.
    Passenger ship safety certificate. A certificate issued by the 
Commandant of the Coast Guard after inspection of a passenger ship which 
complies with the requirements of the Safety Convention.
    Pilot. Pilot means a Federal pilot required by 46 U.S.C. 764, a 
state pilot required under the authority of 46 U.S.C. 211, or a 
registered pilot required by 46 U.S.C. 216.
    Port operations communications. Communications in or near a port, in 
locks or in waterways between coast stations

[[Page 15]]

and ship stations or between ship stations, which relate to the 
operational handling, movement and safety of ships and in emergency to 
the safety of persons.
    Portable ship station. A ship station which includes a single 
transmitter intended for use upon two or more ships.
    Private coast station. A coast station, not open to public 
correspondence, which serves the operational, maritime control and 
business needs of ships.
    Public coast station. A coast station that offers radio 
communication common carrier services to ship radio stations.
    Public correspondence. Any telecommunication which the offices and 
stations must, by reason of their being at the disposal of the public, 
accept for transmission.
    Radar beacon (RACON). A receiver-transmitter which, when triggered 
by a radar, automatically returns a distinctive signal which can appear 
on the display of the triggering radar, providing range, bearing and 
identification information.
    Radioprinter operations. Communications by means of a direct 
printing radiotelegraphy system using any alphanumeric code, within 
specified bandwidth limitations, which is authorized for use between 
private coast stations and their associated ship stations on vessels of 
less than 1600 gross tons.
    Safety communication. The transmission or reception of distress, 
alarm, urgency, or safety signals, or any communication preceded by one 
of these signals, or any form of radiocommunication which, if delayed in 
transmission or reception, may adversely affect the safety of life or 
property.
    Safety signal. (1) The safety signal is the international 
radiotelegraph or radiotelephone signal which indicates that the station 
sending this signal is preparing to transmit a message concerning the 
safety of navigation or giving important meteorological warnings.
    (2) In radiotelegraphy, the international safety signals consists of 
three repetitions of the group ``TTT'', sent before the call, with the 
letters of each group and the successive groups clearly separated from 
each other.
    (3) In radiotelephony, the international safety signal consists of 
three oral repetitions of ``Security'', pronounced as the French word 
``Securite'', sent before the call.
    Selectable transponder. A transponder whose coded response may be 
inhibited or displayed on a radar on demand by the operator of that 
radar.
    Selective calling. A means of calling in which signals are 
transmitted in accordance with a prearranged code to operate a 
particular automatic attention device at the station whose attention is 
sought.
    Ship earth station. A mobile earth station in the maritime mobile-
satellite service located on board ship.
    Ship or vessel. Ship or vessel includes every description of 
watercraft or other artificial contrivance, except aircraft, capable of 
being used as a means of transportation on water whether or not it is 
actually afloat.
    Ship radio station license. An authorization issued by the 
Commission to operate a radio station onboard a vessel.
    Ship station. A mobile station in the maritime mobile service 
located on-board a vessel which is not permanently moored, other than a 
survival craft station.
    Station. One or more transmitters or a combination of transmitters 
and receivers, including the accessory equipment, necessary at one 
location for carrying on radiocommunication services.
    Survival craft station. A mobile station in the maritime or 
aeronautical mobile service intended solely for survival purposes and 
located on any lifeboat, liferaft or other survival equipment.
    Underway. A vessel is underway when it is not at anchor, made fast 
to the shore, or aground.
    Urgency signal. (1) The urgency signal is the international 
radiotelegraph or radiotelephone signal which indicates that the calling 
station has a very urgent message to transmit concerning the safety of a 
ship, aircraft, or other vehicle, or of some person on board or within 
sight.

[[Page 16]]

    (2) In radiotelegraphy, the international urgency signal consists of 
three repetitions of the group ``XXX'', sent before the call, with the 
letters of each group and the successive groups clearly separated from 
each other.
    (3) In radiotelephony, the international urgency signal consists of 
three oral repetitions of the group of words ``PAN PAN'', each word of 
the group pronounced as the French word ``PANNE'' and sent before the 
call.
    Vessel traffic service (VTS). A U.S. Coast Guard traffic control 
service for ships in designated water areas to prevent collisions, 
groundings and environmental harm.
    Watch. The act of listening on a designated frequency.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 7417, Mar. 11, 1987; 52 
FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987; 56 FR 3783, Jan. 31, 1991; 57 FR 26778, June 
16, 1992; 58 FR 16504, Mar. 29, 1993; 60 FR 35510, July 10, 1995; 63 FR 
29658, June 1, 1998]



                  Subpart B--Applications and Licenses



Sec. 80.11  Scope.

    This subpart contains the procedures and requirements for the filing 
of applications for licenses to operate radio facilities in the maritime 
services. Part 1 of the Commission's rules contains the general rules of 
practice and procedure applicable to proceedings before the FCC.



Sec. 80.13  Station license required.

    (a) Except as noted in paragraph (c) of this section, stations in 
the maritime service must be licensed by the FCC either individually or 
by fleet.
    (b) One ship station license will be granted for operation of all 
maritime services transmitting equipment on board a vessel. 
Radiotelegraph and narrow-band directing-printing equipment will not be 
authorized, however, unless specifically requested by the applicant.
    (c) A ship station is licensed by rule and does not need an 
individual license issued by the FCC if the ship station is not subject 
to the radio equipment carriage requirements any statute, treaty or 
agreement to which the United States is signatory, the ship station does 
not travel to foreign ports, and the ship station does not make 
international communications. A ship station licensed by rule is 
authorized to transmit radio signals using a marine radio operating in 
the 156-162 MHz band, any type of EPIRB, and any type of radar 
installation. All other transmissions must be authorized under a ship 
station license. Even though an individual license is not required, a 
ship station licensed by rule must be operated in accordance with all 
applicable operating requirements, procedures, and technical 
specifications found in this part.

[61 FR 58010, Nov. 12, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 40304, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.15  Eligibility for station license.

    (a) General. A station license cannot be granted to or held by a 
foreign government or its representative.
    (b) Public coast stations and Alaska-public fixed stations. A 
station license for a public coast station or an Alaska-public fixed 
station cannot be granted to or held by:
    (1) Any alien or the representative of any alien;
    (2) Any foreign government or its representative;
    (3) Any corporation organized under the laws of any foreign 
government;
    (4) Any corporation of which more than one-fifth of the capital 
stock is owned of record or voted by aliens or their representatives or 
by a foreign government or its representative, or by a corporation 
organized under the laws of a foreign country; or
    (5) Any corporation directly or indirectly controlled by any other 
corporation of which more than one-fourth of the capital stock is owned 
of record or voted by aliens, their representatives, or by a foreign 
government or its representatives, or by any corporation organized under 
the laws of a foreign country, if the Commission finds that the public 
interest will be served by the refusal or revocation of such license.
    (c) Private coast and marine utility stations. The supplemental 
eligibility requirements for private coast and marine utility stations 
are contained in Sec. 80.501(a).
    (d) Ship stations. A ship station license may only be granted to:

[[Page 17]]

    (1) The owner or operator of the vessel;
    (2) A subsidiary communications corporation of the owner or operator 
of the vessel;
    (3) A State or local government subdivision; or
    (4) Any agency of the U.S. Government subject to section 301 of the 
Communications Act.
    (e) EPIRB stations. (1) New class C EPIRB stations will not be 
authorized after February 1, 1995. Class C EPIRB stations installed and 
licensed before February 1, 1995, will be authorized until February 1, 
1999:
    (i) For use on board vessels operating within 32 kilometers 
(approximately 20 miles) of shore and in the Great Lakes, or
    (ii) On passenger and cargo vessels with survival craft as required 
or recommended by the U.S. Coast Guard.
    (2) Class A or B EPIRB stations will be authorized for use on board 
the following types of vessels:
    (i) Vessels authorized to carry survival craft; or
    (ii) Vessels expected to travel in waters beyond the range of marine 
VHF distress coverage which is generally considered to be more than 32 
kilometers (approximately 20 miles) offshore; or
    (iii) Vessels required to be fitted with EPIRB's to comply with U.S. 
Coast Guard regulations.
    (3) A 406.025 MHz EPIRBs may be used by any ship required by U.S. 
Coast Guard regulations to carry an EPIRB or by any ship that is 
equipped with a VHF ship radio station.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 53 FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988; 
58 FR 33344, June 17, 1993; 61 FR 55581, Oct. 28, 1996]



Sec. 80.17  Administrative classes of stations.

    (a) Stations in the Maritime Mobile Service are licensed according 
to class of station as follows:
    (1) Public coast stations.
    (2) Private coast stations.
    (3) Maritime support stations.
    (4) Ship stations. The ship station license may include authority to 
operate other radio station classes aboard ship such as; 
radionavigation, on-board, satellite, EPIRB, radiotelephone, 
radiotelegraph and survival craft.
    (5) Marine utility stations.
    (b) Stations on land in the Maritime Radiodetermination Service are 
licensed according to class of station as follows:
    (1) Shore radiolocation stations.
    (2) Shore radionavigation stations.
    (c) Fixed stations in the Fixed Service associated with the maritime 
services are licensed as follows:
    (1) Operational fixed stations.
    (2) Alaska-public fixed stations.
    (3) Alaska-private fixed stations.



Sec. 80.21  Supplemental information required.

    Applications must contain supplementary information as indicated in 
this section. Other supplemental information may be required by other 
rule sections of this part concerning particular maritime services.
    (a) Each application for a new public coast station operating on 
frequencies in the band 156-162 MHz must include as supplementary 
information a chart, with supporting data, showing the service area 
contour computed in accordance with subpart P of this part.
    (b) Each application for a new public coast station operating on 
frequencies in the band 156-162 MHz to be located within the 
coordination boundaries of ``Arrangement ``A'' of the Canada/U.S.A. 
Frequency Coordination Agreement above 30 MHz'', must comply with the 
provisions of the ``Canada/U.S.A. Channeling Agreement for VHF Maritime, 
Public Correspondence'' as contained in Sec. 80.57.
    (c) A new station on a vessel not located in the United States must 
not be documented or otherwise registered by any foreign authority. The 
foreign authorities where the vessel is located will not or cannot 
license the vessel radio equipment and can not object to the licensing 
of the equipment by the United States. An applicant must provide 
verification of these facts upon request by the Commission.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 60 FR 50122, Sept. 28, 1995; 
62 FR 55533, Oct. 27, 1997; 63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.21 was 
amended by removing paragraphs (a), (b), and (f); redesignating

[[Page 18]]

paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) as (a), (b), and (c); and revising the 
introductory text and newly redesignated paragraph (c). This section 
contains information collection and recordkeeping requirements, and the 
amendments will not become effective until approval has been given by 
the Office of Management and Budget.



Sec. 80.25  License term.

    (a) Licenses for ship stations in the maritime services will 
normally be issued for a term of ten years from the date of original 
issuance, or renewal.
    (b) Licenses other than ship stations in the maritime services will 
normally be issued for a term of ten years from the date of original 
issuance, major modification, or renewal.
    (c) Licenses for stations engaged in developmental operation will be 
issued for a period not to exceed one year from date of grant.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 68062, Dec. 23, 1993; 
62 FR 40304, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 40062, July 27, 1998; 63 FR 68955, 
Dec. 14, 1998; 65 FR 77823, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.31  Cancellation of license.

    Wireless telecommunications carriers subject to this part must 
comply with the discontinuance of service provisions of part 63 of this 
chapter.

[63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 80.33  Developmental license.

    This section contains rules about the licensing of developmental 
operations at stations subject to this part.
    (a) Supplemental eligibility. An authorization for developmental 
operation will be issued only to persons eligible to operate such 
stations on a regular basis.
    (b) Showing required. Each application for a developmental license 
must be accompanied by the following showing:
    (1) The applicant has an organized plan of development leading to an 
objective;
    (2) A point has been reached in the program where actual 
transmission by radio is essential to progress;
    (3) The program will contribute to the use of the radio services 
subject to this part;
    (4) The program will be conducted by qualified personnel;
    (5) The applicant is legally qualified and possesses technical 
facilities for conduct of the program as proposed; and
    (6) The public interest, convenience and necessity will be served by 
the proposed operation.
    (c) Statement of understanding. The showing must state that the 
applicant agrees that any developmental license issued will be accepted 
with the express understanding that it is subject to change in any of 
its terms or to cancellation in its entirety at any time, upon 
reasonable notice but without a hearing, if, in the opinion of the 
Commission, circumstances should so require.
    (d) Assignable frequencies. Applicants for a developmental license 
may be authorized to use a frequency or frequencies available for the 
service and class of station proposed. The number of frequencies 
assignable to a particular station will depend upon the specific 
requirements of the developmental program and the number of frequencies 
available for use in the area where the station is to be operated.
    (e) Developmental program. (1) The developmental program as 
described by the applicant in the application for authorization must be 
substantially followed unless the Commission otherwise directs.
    (2) Where some phases of the developmental program are not covered 
by the general rules of the Commission and the rules in this part, the 
Commission may specify supplemental or additional requirements or 
conditions.
    (3) The Commission may, from time to time, require a station engaged 
in developmental work to conduct special tests which are reasonable to 
the authorized developmental program.
    (f) Use of developmental stations. (1) Stations authorized to 
conduct developmental operations must conform to all applicable 
technical and operating requirements contained in this part, unless a 
waiver is specifically provided in the station authorization.
    (2) Communication with any station of a country other than the 
United States is prohibited unless specifically provided in the station 
authorization.
    (3) Developmental operations must not cause harmful interference to 
the

[[Page 19]]

operation of stations regularly authorized to use the frequency or 
frequencies.
    (g) Report of operation required. A report on the results of the 
developmental program must be filed within 60 days of the expiration of 
the license. A report must accompany a request for renewal of the 
license. Matters which the applicant does not wish to disclose publicly 
may be so labeled; they will be used solely for the Commission's 
information. However, public disclosure is governed by Sec. 0.467 of 
this chapter. The report must include the following:
    (1) Results of operation to date.
    (2) Analysis of the results obtained.
    (3) Copies of any published reports.
    (4) Need for continuation of the program.
    (5) Number of hours of operation on each authorized frequency during 
the term of the license to the date of the report.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.33 was 
amended by revising the introductory text of paragraph (b) and paragraph 
(c). This section contains information collection and recordkeeping 
requirements, and the amendments will not become effective until 
approval has been given by the Office of Management and Budget.



Sec. 80.37  One authorization for a plurality of stations.

    Marine utility stations. One station license may be issued to 
authorize a designated maximum number of marine utility stations 
operating at temporary unspecified locations, normally in multiples of 
ten stations when:
    (a) The licensee of each station is the same; and
    (b) The authorized area of operation of each station is the same.



Sec. 80.39  Authorized station location.

    This section describes the circumstances under which a coast station 
location is classified as permanent or temporary unspecified.
    (a) Permanent. Whenever a station is to transmit from a single 
location, the station location is permanent and the location must be 
shown on the application.
    (b) Temporary unspecified. Whenever a station is to transmit from 
unspecified locations within a prescribed geographical area, the station 
location is temporary unspecified and the proposed geographical 
operating area must be shown on the application.



Sec. 80.41  Control points and dispatch points.

    This section applies to coast or fixed stations at permanent 
locations.
    (a) Applicants must provide the address or location of the control 
point where station records will be kept.
    (b) When the address or location of a control point where station 
records are kept is to be changed, the licensee must request a 
modification of the station license.
    (c) Control points not collocated with station records and dispatch 
points may be installed and used without obtaining any authorization 
from the Commission.



Sec. 80.43  Equipment acceptable for licensing.

    Transmitters listed in Sec. 80.203 must be authorized for a 
particular use by the Commission based upon technical requirements 
contained in subparts E and F of this part.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.45  Frequencies.

    For applications other than ship stations, the applicant must 
propose frequencies and ensure that those requested frequencies are 
consistent with the applicant's eligibility, the proposed class of 
station operation, and the frequencies available for assignment as 
contained in subpart H of this part.

[63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 80.47  Operation during emergency.

    A station may be used for emergency communications when normal 
communication facilities are disrupted. The Commission may order the 
discontinuance of any such emergency communication service.

[[Page 20]]



Sec. 80.49  Construction and regional service requirements.

    (a) Public coast stations. (1) Each VHF public coast station 
geographic area licensee must notify the Commission of substantial 
service within its region or service area (subpart P) within five years 
of the initial license grant, and again within ten years of the initial 
license grant in accordance with Sec. 1.946 of this chapter. 
``Substantial'' service is defined as service which is sound, favorable, 
and substantially above a level of mediocre service which just might 
minimally warrant renewal. For site-based VHF public coast station 
licensees, when a new license has been issued or additional operating 
frequencies have been authorized, the licensee must notify the 
Commission in accordance with Sec. 1.946 of this chapter that the 
station or frequencies authorized have been placed in operation within 
twelve months from the date of the grant.
    (2) For LF, MF, and HF band public coast station licensees, when a 
new license has been issued or additional operating frequencies have 
been authorized, if the station or frequencies authorized have not been 
placed in operation within twelve months from the date of grant, the 
authorization becomes invalid and must be returned to the Commission for 
cancellation.
    (3) For AMTS band public coast station licensees, when a new license 
has been issued or additional operating frequencies have been 
authorized, if the station or frequencies authorized have not been 
placed in operation within two years from the date of grant, the 
authorization becomes invalid and must be returned to the Commission for 
cancellation.
    (b) Public fixed stations. When a new license has been issued or 
additional operating frequencies have been authorized, the licensee must 
notify the Commission in accordance with Sec. 1.946 of this chapter that 
the station or frequencies authorized have been placed in operation 
within twelve months from the date of the grant.

[63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998, as amended at 65 FR 77823, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.51  Ship earth station licensing.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) A ship earth station authorized to operate the INMARSAT space 
segment must display the Commission license in conjunction with the 
commissioning certificate issued by the INMARSAT Organization. Ship 
earth stations that were operating in the MARISAT system and are not 
commissioned by the INMARSAT Organization will continue to be used in 
the INMARSAT system without a commissioning certificate issued by the 
INMARSAT Organization. The continued use of such equipment, however, 
will not be permitted after September 1, 1991, unless a commissioning 
certificate is obtained from the INMARSAT Organization. Notwithstanding 
the requirements in this paragraph, ship earth stations can operate in 
the INMARSAT space segment without an INMARSAT issued commissioning 
certificate provided an appropriate written approval is obtained from 
the INMARSAT Organization in addition to the Commission's license.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68955, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 80.53  Application for a portable ship station license.

    The Commission may grant a license permitting operation of a 
portable ship station aboard different vessels of the United States.

[63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.53 was 
revised. This section contains information collection and recordkeeping 
requirements and will not become effective until approval has been given 
by the Office of Management and Budget.



Sec. 80.54  Automated Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS)--System Licensing.

    AMTS licensees will be issued blanket authority for a system of 
coast stations and mobile units (subscribers). AMTS applicants will 
specify the maximum number of mobile units to be placed in operation 
during the license period.

[56 FR 3783, Jan. 31, 1991]

[[Page 21]]



Sec. 80.55  Application for a fleet station license.

    (a) An applicant may apply for licenses for two or more 
radiotelephone stations aboard different vessels on the same 
application. Under these circumstances a fleet station license may be 
issued for operation of all radio stations aboard the vessels in the 
fleet.
    (b) The fleet station license is issued on the following conditions:
    (1) The licensee must keep a current list of vessel names and 
registration numbers authorized by the fleet license;
    (2) The vessels do not engage in voyages to any foreign country;
    (3) The vessels are not subject to the radio requirements of the 
Communications Act or the Safety Convention.



Sec. 80.57  Canada/U.S.A. channeling arrangement for VHF maritime public correspondence.

    (a) Canada/U.S.A. arrangement. Pursuant to arrangements between the 
United States and Canada, assignment of VHF frequencies in the band 156-
162 MHz to public coast stations in certain areas of Washington state, 
the Great Lakes and the east coast of the United States must be made in 
accordance with the provisions of this section.
    (b) Definitions. On the west coast, specific terms are defined as 
follows:
    (1) Inland Waters Public Correspondence Sector. A distinct 
geographical area in which one primary and one supplementary channel is 
allotted. A number of local channels may also be authorized.
    (2) Coastal Waters Public Correspondence Sector. A distinct 
geographical area in which one primary and one supplementary channel is 
allotted. Local channels may also be authorized.
    (3) Inland Waters. Inland waters of western Washington and British 
Columbia bounded by 47 degrees latitude on the south, the Canada/U.S.A. 
Coordination Zone Line B on the north, and to the west by 124 degrees 40 
minutes longitude at the west entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
    (4) Coastal Waters. Waters along the Pacific Coast of Washington 
state and Vancouver Island within the Canada/U.S.A. Coordination Zone.
    (5) Inland Waters Primary Channel. A channel intended to cover the 
greater portion of an Inland Waters Public Correspondence Sector. It may 
provide some coverage to an adjacent sector but must not provide 
coverage beyond the adjacent sector. Harmful interference beyond the 
adjacent sector must not occur. Only one primary channel will be 
authorized in any sector.
    (6) Inland waters of western Washington and British Columbia bounded 
by 46 deg.59'59.3" north latitude on the south, the Canada/U.S.A. 
Coordination Zone Line B on the south, and to the west by 
124 deg.40'4.7" west latitude at the west entrance to the Strait of Juan 
de Fuca.

    Note: All coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 
(NAD83).

    (7) Inland Waters Local Channel. A channel designed to provide local 
coverage of certain bays, inlets and ports where coverage by primary or 
supplementary channels is poor or where heavy traffic loading warrants. 
A local channel must not cause harmful interference to any primary or 
supplementary channels. Coverage must be confined to the designated 
sector.
    (8) Coastal Waters Primary Channel. Same as (5) except for technical 
characteristics.
    (9) Coastal Waters Supplementary Channel. Same as (6) except for 
technical characteristics.
    (10) Coastal Waters Local Channel. Same as (7) except for technical 
characteristics.
    (c) Technical characteristics. On the west coast, technical 
characteristics of public correspondence stations will be as follows:
    (1) Inland Waters Primary and Supplementary Channels. The effective 
radiated power (ERP) must not exceed 60 watts. Antenna height must not 
exceed 152 meters (500 feet) above mean sea level (AMSL) with the 
exceptions noted in paragraph (d)(5) of this section.
    (2) Inland Waters Local Channel. ERP must not exceed 8 watts with an 
antenna height of no more than 15 meters (50 feet) AMSL or the ERP must 
not exceed 2 watts with an antenna height of no more than 30 meters (100 
feet) AMSL.

[[Page 22]]

    (3) Coastal Waters Primary and Supplementary Channels. ERP must not 
exceed 125 watts with no antenna restrictions.
    (4) Coastal Waters Local Channel. ERP must not exceed 10 watts with 
a maximum antenna height of 76 meters (250 feet) AMSL.
    (5) Harmful interference will be determined and resolved using the 
definition and procedures of the ITU Radio Regulations.
    (6) To keep the ERP and antenna elevations at a minimum and to limit 
coverage to the desired areas, an informal application may be filed for 
special temporary authority in accordance with Secs. 1.41 and 1.931 of 
this chapter to conduct a field survey to obtain necessary data for 
informal application. Such data may accompany the application and be 
used in lieu of theoretical calculations as required in subpart P of 
this part. The Seattle FCC District Office must be notified in advance 
of scheduled tests.
    (d) Canada/U.S.A. channeling arrangement for West Coast VHF maritime 
mobile public correspondence. (1) The provisions of the Canada/U.S. 
channeling arrangement apply to waters of the State of Washington and of 
the Province of British Columbia within the coordination boundaries of 
``Arrangement A'' of the Canada/U.S.A. Frequency Coordination Agreement 
above 30 MHz. In addition, all inland waters as far south as Olympia are 
to be included. A map of these waters is contained in paragraph (d)(6) 
of this section, Figure 1.
    (2) The channeling arrangement applies to the following VHF public 
correspondence channels: Channels 24, 84, 25, 85, 26, 86, 27, 87 and 28.
    (3) Public correspondence stations may be established by either 
country in accordance with the provisions of the arrangements. However, 
there must be an exchange of information prior to the establishment of 
new stations or a change in technical parameters of existing stations. 
Any channel except that used as primary or supplementary channel in a 
given sector is available for use as a local channel in that sector. 
Local channels are not protected from interference caused by primary or 
supplementary channels in adjacent sectors if these stations are in 
compliance with this section.
    (4) Preliminary local Canadian/U.S. coordination is required for all 
applications at variance with this section. This coordination will be in 
accordance with the provisions of Arrangement ``A'' of the Canada/U.S. 
Frequency Coordination Agreement over 30 MHz. Stations at variance with 
the arrangement are not protected from interference and must not cause 
interference to existing or future stations which are in accordance with 
the agreement.
    (5) Stations in existence at the time of the arrangement must have 
complied with the provisions of the arrangement within 12 months after 
it became effective with the following exceptions:
    (i) Public coast (VHF) stations:

KOH627 Tacoma, Washington
KOH630 Seattle, Washington
WXY956 Camano, Washington
VAI2 Mount Parke, British Columbia
VAS5 Watts Point, British Columbia
XLK672 Bowen Island, British Columbia

    (ii) These stations employing frequencies assigned at the time of 
the arrangement may be maintained with existing antenna heights in 
excess of 152 meters (500 feet) unless harmful interference to existing 
stations is identified and reported directly to the Federal 
Communications Commission or through the Public Correspondence Committee 
of the North Pacific Marine Radio Council.
    (6) The agreed channeling arrangements for the west coast are as 
follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Primary   Supplementary
         Public correspondence sector            channel      channel
------------------------------------------------------------------------
British Columbia (Coastal Waters):
    Tofino...................................      24            26
    Barkley Sound............................      27            87
British Columbia (Inland Waters)
    Juan de Fuca West (Canada)...............      26            24
    Juan de Fuca East (Canada)...............      86            84
    Gulf Islands.............................      27           \1\
    Strait of Georgia South..................      26            86
    Howe Sound...............................      24            84
    Strait of Georgia North..................      26            87
    Campbell River...........................      28            85
Washington (Coastal Waters):
    Cape Johnson.............................      26            85
    Point Grenville..........................      28            25
Washington (Inland Waters):
    Juan de Fuca West (U.S.A.)...............      28           \1\
    Juan de Fuca East (U.S.A.)...............      25           \1\
    San Juan Islands.........................      28            85
    Puget Sound North........................      24            87

[[Page 23]]

 
    Puget Sound Hood Canal...................      26            25
    Lower Puget Sound........................      28            85
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Supplementary channel not available.

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.000

    (e) Canada/U.S.A. VHF channeling arrangement on the Great Lakes and 
the St. Lawrence Seaway. Channels on the

[[Page 24]]

Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway will be assigned as follows:
    (1) The provisions of the arrangement apply to the waters of the 
Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway within the coordination 
boundaries of ``Arrangement A'' of the Canada/U.S.A. Frequency 
Coordination Agreement above 30 MHz.
    (2) The arrangement applies to the following public correspondence 
channels: Channels 24, 84, 25, 85, 26, 86, 27, 87, 28, and 88.
    (3) Canada and the U.S.A. use the following channeling arrangement:
    (i) Canadian channels: 24, 85, 27, 88 (Note 1).
    (ii) U.S.A. channels: 84, 25, 86, 87, 28 (Note 2).
    (iii) Shared channels: 26 (Note 3).

    Notes: 1. Also assignable to U.S. Stations within the frequency 
coordination zone following successful coordination with Canada.
    2. Also assignable to Canadian station within the frequency 
coordination zone following successful coordination with the United 
States.
    3. Changes to existing assignments and new assignments within the 
frequency coordination zone of either country are subject to prior 
coordination with the other Administration.

    (f) Canada/U.S.A. channeling arrangement for East Coast VHF maritime 
mobile public correspondence. For purposes of this section, channels on 
the east coast will be assigned as follows:
    (1) The provisions of the arrangement apply to the Canadian and 
U.S.A. east coast waters including the St. Lawrence Seaway within the 
coordination boundaries of ``Arrangement A'' of the Canada/U.S.A. 
Frequency Coordination Agreement above 30 MHz.
    (2) The arrangement applies to the following public correspondence 
channels: Channels 24, 84, 25, 85, 26, 86, 27, 87, 28, and 88.
    (3) Canada and the U.S.A. use the following channeling arrangement:
    (i) Canadian channels: 24, 85, 27, 88 (Note 1).
    (ii) U.S.A. channels: 84, 25, 86, 87, 28 (Note 2).
    (iii) Shared channel: 26 (Note 3).

    Notes: 1. Also assignable to U.S. stations within the frequency 
coordination zone following successful coordination with Canada.
    2. Also assignable to Canadian stations within the frequency 
coordination zone following successful coordination with the United 
States.
    3. Changes to existing assignments and new assignments within the 
frequency coordination zone of either country are subject to prior 
coordination with the other Administration.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 80.59  Compulsory ship inspections.

    (a) Inspection of ships subject to the Communications Act or the 
Safety Convention.
    (1) The FCC will not normally conduct the required inspections of 
ships subject to the inspection requirements of the Communications Act 
or the Safety Convention.

    Note: Nothing in this section prohibits Commission inspectors from 
inspecting ships. The mandatory inspection of U. S. vessels must be 
conducted by an FCC-licensed technician holding an FCC General 
Radiotelephone Operator License, GMDSS Radio Maintainer's License, 
Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate, or First Class 
Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate in accordance with the following 
table:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Minimum class of FCC license required by private
                                                             sector technician to conduct inspection--only one
                                                                             license required
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
                   Category of vessel                        General                  Second class   First class
                                                           radiotele-    GMDSS radio   radiotele-    radiotele-
                                                              phone     maintainer's      graph         graph
                                                            operator       license     operator's    operator's
                                                             license                   certificate   certificate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Radiotelephone equipped vessels subject to 47 CFR part                     
 80, subpart R or S.....................................
Radiotelegraph equipped vessels subject to 47 CFR part    ............  ............         
 80, subpart Q..........................................
GMDSS equipped vessels subject to 47 CFR part 80,         ............       ............  ............
 subpart W or subpart Q.................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 25]]

    (2) A certification that the ship has passed an inspection must be 
entered into the ship's log by the inspecting technician. The technician 
conducting the inspection and providing the certification must not be 
the vessel's owner, operator, master, or employee or their affiliates. 
Additionally, the vessel owner, operator, or ship's master must certify 
in the station log that the inspection was satisfactory. There are no 
FCC prior notice requirements for any inspection pursuant to paragraph 
(a)(1) of this section. An inspection of the bridge-to-bridge radio 
stations on board vessels subject to the Vessel Bridge-to-Bridge 
Radiotelephone Act must be conducted by the same FCC-licensed 
technician.
    (3) Additionally, for passenger vessels operated on an international 
voyage the inspecting technician must send a completed FCC Form 806 to 
the Officer in Charge, Marine Safety Office, United States Coast Guard 
in the Marine Inspection Zone in which the ship is inspected.
    (4) In the event that a ship fails to pass an inspection the 
inspecting technician must make a log entry detailing the reason that 
the ship did not pass the inspection. Additionally, the technician must 
notify the vessel owner, operator, or ship's master that the vessel has 
failed the inspection.
    (5) Because such inspections are intended to ensure the availability 
of communications capability during a distress the Commission will 
vigorously investigate reports of fraudulent inspections, or violations 
of the Communications Act or the Commission's Rules related to ship 
inspections. FCC-licensed technicians, ship owners or operators should 
report such violations to the Commission through its National Call 
Center at 1-888-CALL FCC (1-888-225-5322).
    (b) Inspection and certification of a ship subject to the Great 
Lakes Agreement. The FCC will not inspect Great Lakes Agreement vessels. 
An inspection and certification of a ship subject to the Great Lakes 
Agreement must be made by a technician holding one of the following: an 
FCC General Radiotelephone Operator License, a GMDSS Radio Maintainer's 
License, a Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate, or a 
First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate. The certification 
required by Sec. 80.953 must be entered into the ship's log. The 
technician conducting the inspection and providing the certification 
must not be the vessel's owner, operator, master, or an employee of any 
of them. Additionally, the vessel owner, operator, or ship's master must 
certify that the inspection was satisfactory. There are no FCC prior 
notice requirements for any inspection pursuant to Sec. 80.59(b).
    (c) Application for exemption. (1) Applications for exemption from 
the radio provisions of part II or III of title III of the 
Communications Act, the Safety Convention, or the Great Lakes Radio 
Agreement, or for modification or renewal of an exemption previously 
granted must be filed as a waiver request using FCC Form 605. Waiver 
requests must include the following information:
    (i) Name of ship;
    (ii) Call sign of ship;
    (iii) Official number of ship;
    (iv) Gross tonnage of ship;
    (v) The radio station requirements from which the exemption is 
requested:
    (A) Radiotelephone (VHF/MF);
    (B) Radiotelegraph; and/or
    (C) Radio direction finding apparatus;
    (vi) File number of any previously granted exemption;
    (vii) Detailed description of the voyages for which the exemption is 
requested, including:
    (A) Maximum distance from nearest land in nautical miles;
    (B) Maximum distance between two consecutive ports in nautical 
miles; and
    (C) Names of all ports of call and an indication of whether travel 
will include a foreign port;
    (viii) Reasons for the exemption:
    (A) Size of vessel;
    (B) Variety of radio equipment on board;
    (C) Limited routes; and/or
    (D) Conditions of voyages;
    (ix) A copy of the U.S. Coast Guard Certificate of Inspection an 
indication of whether the vessel is certified as a Passenger or Cargo 
ship (for passenger

[[Page 26]]

ships, list the number of passengers the ship is licensed to carry); and
    (x) Type and quantity of radio equipment on board, including:
    (A) VHF Radio Installation (indicate if GMDSS approved);
    (B) Single Side-Band (SSB) (indicate the band of operation, MF or HF 
and indicate if GMDSS approved);
    (C) Category 1, 406 MHz EPIRB (GMDSS approved);
    (D) NAVTEX Receiver (GMDSS approved);
    (E) Survival Craft VHF (GMDSS approved);
    (F) 9 GHz Radar Transponder (GMDSS approved);
    (G) Ship Earth Station;
    (H) 500 kHz Distress Frequency Watch Receiver;
    (I) 2182 Radiotelephone Auto Alarm;
    (J) Reserve Power Supply (capability); and
    (K) Any other equipment.
    (2) Feeable applications for exemption must be filed with Mellon 
Bank, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at the address set forth in Sec. 1.1102. 
Waiver requests that do not require a fee should be submitted via the 
Universal Licensing System or to: Federal Communications Commission, 
1270 Fairfield Road, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325-7245. Emergency 
requests must be filed with the Federal Communications Commission, 
Office of the Secretary, 445 Twelfth Street, SW., TW-B204, Washington, 
DC 20554.

    Note: With emergency requests, do not send the fee, you will be 
billed.

    (d) Waiver of annual inspection. (1) The Commission may, upon a 
finding that the public interest would be served, grant a waiver of the 
annual inspection required by Section 362(b) of the Communications Act, 
47 U.S.C. 360(b), for a period of not more than 90 days for the sole 
purpose of enabling a United States vessel to complete its voyage and 
proceed to a port in the United States where an inspection can be held. 
An informal application must be submitted by the ship's owner, operator 
or authorized agent. The application must be submitted to the 
Commission's District Director or Resident Agent in charge of the FCC 
office nearest the port of arrival at least three days before the ship's 
arrival. The application must include:
    (i) The ship's name and radio call sign;
    (ii) The name of the first United States port of arrival directly 
from a foreign port;
    (iii) The date of arrival;
    (iv) The date and port at which annual inspection will be formally 
requested to be conducted;
    (v) The reason why an FCC-licensed technician could not perform the 
inspection; and
    (vi) A statement that the ship's compulsory radio equipment is 
operable.
    (2) Vessels that are navigated on voyages outside of the United 
States for more than 12 months in succession are exempted from annual 
inspection required by section 362(b) of the Communications Act, 
provided that the vessels comply with all applicable requirements of the 
Safety Convention, including the annual inspection required by 
Regulation 9, Chapter I, and the vessel is inspected by an FCC-licensed 
technician in accordance with this section within 30 days of arriving in 
the United States.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 64715, Dec. 12, 1991; 
60 FR 50122, Sept. 28, 1995; 61 FR 8478, Mar. 5, 1996; 61 FR 25805, May 
23, 1996; 63 FR 29658, June 1, 1998; 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998; 64 FR 
53241, Oct. 1, 1999]



Sec. 80.60  Partitioned licenses and disaggregated spectrum.

    (a) Eligibility. VHF Public Coast Station Area (VPCSA) licensees, 
see Sec. 80.371(c)(1)(ii) of this part, may partition their geographic 
service area or disaggregate their spectrum pursuant to the procedures 
set forth in this section. Parties seeking approval for partitioning and 
disaggregation shall request an authorization for partial assignment 
pursuant to Sec. 1.924 of this chapter.
    (b) Technical standards. (1) Partitioning. In the case of 
partitioning, all requests for authorization for partial assignment of a 
license must include, as an attachment, a description of the partitioned 
service area. The partitioned service area shall be defined by 
coordinate points at every 3 degrees along the partitioned service area 
unless an FCC-recognized service area is

[[Page 27]]

utilized (e.g., Metropolitan Service Area, Rural Service Area, or 
Economic Area) or county lines are used. The geographic coordinates must 
be specified in degrees, minutes, and seconds to the nearest second of 
latitude and longitude, and must be based upon the 1983 North American 
Datum (NAD83). In a case where an FCC-recognized service area or county 
lines are utilized, applicants need only list the specific area(s) 
(through use of FCC designations or county names) that constitute the 
partitioned area.
    (2) Disaggregation. Spectrum may be disaggregated in any amount, 
provided acquired spectrum is disaggregated according to frequency 
pairs.
    (3) Combined partitioning and disaggregation. The Commission will 
consider requests for partial assignment of licenses that propose 
combinations of partitioning and disaggregation.
    (c) License term. The license term for a partitioned license area 
and for disaggregated spectrum shall be the remainder of the original 
licensee's term as provided for in Sec. 80.25 of this part.
    (d) Construction Requirements. (1) Partitioning. Partial assignors 
and assignees for license partitioning have two options to meet 
construction requirements. Under the first option, the partitionor and 
partitionee would each certify that they will independently satisfy the 
substantial service requirement for their respective partitioned areas. 
If either licensee failed to meet its substantial service showing 
requirement, only the non-performing licensee's renewal application 
would be subject to dismissal. Under the second option, the partitioner 
certifies that it has met or will meet the substantial service 
requirement for the entire market. If the partitioner fails to meet the 
substantial service standard, however, only its renewal application 
would be subject to forfeiture at renewal.
    (2) Disaggregation. Partial assignors and assignees for license 
disaggregation have two options to meet construction requirements. Under 
the first option, the disaggregator and disaggregatee would certify that 
they each will share responsibility for meeting the substantial service 
requirement for the geographic service area. If parties choose this 
option and either party fails to do so, both licenses would be subject 
to forfeiture at renewal. The second option would allow the parties to 
agree that either the disaggregator or the disaggregatee would be 
responsible for meeting the substantial service requirement for the 
geographic service area. If parties choose this option, and the party 
responsible for meeting the construction requirement fails to do so, 
only the license of the nonperforming party would be subject to 
forfeiture at renewal.

[63 FR 40063, July 27, 1998]



            Subpart C--Operating Requirements and Procedures

                      Station Requirements--General



Sec. 80.61  Commisson inspection of stations.

    All stations and required station records must be made available for 
inspection by authorized representatives of the Commission.



Sec. 80.63  Maintenance of transmitter power.

    (a) The power of each radio transmitter must not be more than that 
necessary to carry on the service for which the station is licensed.
    (b) Except for transmitters using single sideband and independent 
sideband emissions, each radio transmitter rated by the manufacturer for 
carrier power in excess of 100 watts must contain the instruments 
necessary to determine the transmitter power during its operation.

                   Station Requirements--Land Stations



Sec. 80.67  General facilities requirements for coast stations.

    (a) All coast stations licensed to transmit in the band 156-162 MHz 
must be able to transmit and receive on 156.800 MHz and at least one 
working frequency in the band.
    (b) All coast stations that operate telephony on frequencies in the 
1605-3500 kHz band must be able to transmit and receive using J3E 
emission on the frequency 2182 kHz and at least one working frequency in 
the band. In addition,

[[Page 28]]

each such public coast station must transmit and receive H3E emission on 
the frequency 2182 kHz.



Sec. 80.68  Facilities requirements for public coast stations using telegraphy.

    Public coast station using telegraphy must be provided with the 
following facilities.
    (a) Stations having a frequency assignment below 150 kHz must:
    (1) Transmit A1A emission on at least one working frequency within 
the band 100-150 kHz;
    (2) Receive A1A emission on all radio channels authorized for 
transmission by mobile stations operating in the maritime mobile service 
for telegraphy within the band 100-150 kHz.
    (b) Stations having a frequency assignment within the 405-525 kHz 
band must transmit and receive on 500 kHz and at least one working 
frequency in the band.
    (c) Stations having frequency assignments above 4000 kHz must be 
equipped to receive on each of their assigned frequencies and all ship 
station radiotelegraphy frequencies in the same sub-band as the assigned 
frequency of the coast station. See subpart H of this part for the list 
of frequencies.



Sec. 80.69  Facilities requirement for public coast stations using telephony.

    Public coast stations using telephony must be provided with the 
following facilities.
    (a) When the station is authorized to use frequencies in the 1605-
3500 kHz band, equipment meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.67(b) must 
be installed at each transmitting location.
    (b) The transmitter power on the frequency 2182 kHz must not exceed 
50 watts carrier power for normal operation. During distress, urgency 
and safety traffic, operation at maximum power is permitted.



Sec. 80.70  Special provisions relative to coast station VHF facilities.

    (a) Coast stations which transmit on the same radio channel above 
150 MHz must minimize interference by reducing radiated power, by 
decreasing antenna height or by installing directional antennas. Coast 
stations at locations separated by less than 241 kilometers (150 miles) 
which transmit on the same radio channel above 150 MHz must also 
consider a time-sharing arrangement. The Commission may order station 
changes if agreement cannot be reached between the involved licensees.
    (b) Coast stations which transmit on a radio channel above 150 MHz 
and are located within interference range of any station within Canada 
or Mexico must minimize interference to the involved foreign station(s), 
and must notify the Commission of any station changes.
    (c) A VHF (156-162 MHz) public coast station licensee initially 
authorized on any of the channels listed in the table in 
Sec. 80.371(c)(1)(i) of this part may transfer or assign its channel(s) 
to another entity. If the proposed transferee or assignee is the 
geographic area licensee for the geographic area to which the channel is 
allocated, such transfer or assignment will be deemed to be in the 
public interest. However, such presumption will be rebuttable.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 40063, July 27, 1998]



Sec. 80.71  Operating controls for stations on land.

    Each coast station, Alaska-public fixed station and Alaska-private 
fixed station must provide operating controls in accordance with the 
following:
    (a) Each station using telegraphy or telephony must be capable of 
changeover from transmission to reception and vice versa within two 
seconds excluding a change in operating radio channel.
    (b) During it hours of service, each station must be capable of:
    (1) Commencing operation within one minute after the need to do so 
occurs;
    (2) Discontinuing all emission within five seconds after emission is 
no longer desired. The emission of an unattended station in an automated 
multistation system at which restoration to standby is automatic on 
conclusion of a call must be discontinued within three seconds of the 
disconnect signal or, if a disconnect signal is not received, within 
twenty seconds after reception of the final carrier transmission from a 
ship station.

[[Page 29]]

    (c) Each station using a multichannel installation for telegraphy 
must be capable of changing from one telegraphy channel to any other 
telegraphy channel within the same sub-band below 525 kHz within five 
seconds. This requirement need not be met by equipment intended for use 
only in emergencies and not used for normal communication.
    (d) Every coast station using a multi-channel installation for 
radiotelephony must be capable of changing from one telephony channel to 
another telephony channel within:
    (1) Five seconds within the frequency band 1605-3500 kHz; or
    (2) Three seconds within the band 156-162 MHz. This requirement also 
applies to marine utility stations.



Sec. 80.72  Antenna requirements for coast stations.

    All emissions of a coast station a marine-utility station operated 
on shore using telephony within the frequency band 30-200 MHz must be 
vertically polarized.



Sec. 80.74  Public coast station facilities for a telephony busy signal.

    A ``busy'' signal, when used by a public coast station in accordance 
with the provisions of Sec. 80.111(d), must consist of the transmission 
of a single audio frequency regularly interrupted, as follows:
    (a) Audio frequency: Not less than 100 nor more than 1100 Hertz, 
provided the frequency used for this purpose will not cause auto alarms 
or selective-ringing devices to be operated.
    (b) Rate of interruption: 60 times per minute 10%.
    (c) Duration of each interruption: 0.5 second 10%.



Sec. 80.76  Requirements for land station control points.

    Each coast or fixed station subject to this part must have the 
following facilities:
    (a) Except for marine utility stations, a visual indication of 
antenna current; or a pilot lamp, meter or equivalent device which 
provides continuous visual indication whenever the transmitter control 
circuits have been actuated.
    (b) Capability to aurally monitor all transmissions originating at 
dispatch points and to disconnect the dispatch points from the 
transmitter or to terminate the operation of the transmitter.
    (c) Facilities which will permit the responsible operator to turn 
the carrier of the radio transmitter on and off at will.

                   Station Requirements--Ship Stations



Sec. 80.79  Inspection of ship station by a foreign Government.

    The Governments or appropriate administrations of countries which a 
ship visits may require the license of the ship station or ship earth 
station to be produced for examination. When the license cannot be 
produced without delay or when irregularities are observed, Governments 
or administrations may inspect the radio installations to satisfy 
themselves that the installation conforms to the conditions imposed by 
the Radio Regulations.



Sec. 80.80  Operating controls for ship stations.

    (a) Each control point must be capable of:
    (1) Starting and discontinuing operation of the station;
    (2) Changing frequencies within the same sub-band;
    (3) Changing from transmission to reception and vice versa.
    (4) In the case of stations operating in the 156-162 MHz bands, 
reducing power output to one watt or less in accordance with 
Sec. 80.215(e).\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Ship station transmitters, except hand-held portable 
transmitters, manufactured after January 21, 1987 must automatically 
reduce the carrier power to one watt or less when turned to the 
frequency 156.375 MHz or 156.650 MHz. All ship station tramsmitters, 
except hand-held portable transmitters, used after January 21, 1997, 
must automatically reduce power as described above. A manual override 
device must be provided which when held by the operator will permit full 
carrier power operation on channels 13 and 67. Hand-held portable 
transmitters must be capable of reducing power to one watt, but need not 
do so automatically.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Each ship station using telegraphy must be capable of changing

[[Page 30]]

from telegraph transmission to telegraph reception and vice versa 
without manual switching.
    (c) Each ship station using telephony must be capable of changing 
from transmission to reception and vice versa within two seconds 
excluding a change in operating radio channel.
    (d) During its hours of service, each ship station must be capable 
of:
    (1) Commencing operation within one minute;
    (2) Discontinuing all emission within five seconds after emission is 
no longer desired.
    (e) Each ship station using a multi-channel installation for 
telegraphy (except equipment intended for use only in emergencies on 
frequencies below 515 kHz) must be capable of changing from one radio 
channel to another within:
    (1) Five seconds if the channels are within the same sub-band; or
    (2) Fifteen seconds if the channels are not within the same sub-
band.
    (f) Each ship station and marine-utility station using a multi-
channel installation for telephony must be capable of changing from one 
radio channel to another within:
    (1) Five seconds within the band 1605-3500 kHz; or
    (2) Three seconds within the band 156-162 MHz.
    (g)(1) Any telegraphy transmitter constructed since January 1, 1952, 
that operates in the band 405-525 kHz with an output power in excess of 
250 watts must be capable of reducing the output power to 150 watts or 
less.
    (2) The requirement of paragraph (g)(1) of this section does not 
apply when there is available in the same station a transmitter capable 
of operation on the international calling frequency 500 kHz and at least 
one working frequency within the band 405-525 kHz, capable of being 
energized by a source of power other than an emergency power source and 
not capable of an output in excess of 100 watts when operated on such 
frequencies.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.81  Antenna requirements for ship stations.

    All telephony emissions of a ship station or a marine utility 
station on board ship within the frequency band 30-200 MHz must be 
vertically polarized.



Sec. 80.83  Protection from potentially hazardous RF radiation.

    Any license or renewal application for a ship earth station that 
will cause exposure to radiofrequency (RF) radiation in excess of the RF 
exposure guidelines specified in Sec. 1.1307(b) of the Commission's 
Rules must comply with the environmental processing rules set forth in 
Secs. 1.1301-1.1319 of this chapter.

[53 FR 28225, July 27, 1988]

                      Operating Procedures--General



Sec. 80.86  International regulations applicable.

    In addition to being regulated by these rules, the use and operation 
of stations subject to this part are governed by the Radio Regulations 
and the radio provisions of all other international agreements in force 
to which the United States is a party.



Sec. 80.87  Cooperative use of frequency assignments.

    Each radio channel is available for use on a shared basis only and 
is not available for the exclusive use of any one station or station 
licensee. Station licensees must cooperate in the use of their 
respective frequency assignments in order to minimize interference and 
obtain the most effective use of the authorized radio channels.



Sec. 80.88  Secrecy of communication.

    The station licensee, the master of the ship, the responsible radio 
operators and any person who may have knowledge of the radio 
communications transmitted or received by a fixed, land, or mobile 
station subject to this part, or of any radiocommunication service of 
such station, must observe the secrecy requirements of the 
Communications Act and the Radio Regulations. See sections 501, 502, and 
705 of the Communications Act and Article 23 of the Radio Regulations.

[[Page 31]]



Sec. 80.89  Unauthorized transmissions.

    Stations must not:
    (a) Engage in superfluous radiocommunication.
    (b) Use telephony on 243 MHz.
    (c) Use selective calling on 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz.
    (d) When using telephony, transmit signals or communications not 
addressed to a particular station or stations. This provision does not 
apply to the transmission of distress, alarm, urgency, or safety signals 
or messages, or to test transmissions.
    (e) When using telegraphy, transmit signals or communications not 
addressed to a particular station or stations, unless the transmission 
is preceded by CQ or CP or by distress, alarm, urgency, safety signals, 
or test transmissions.
    (f) Transmit while on board vessels located on land unless 
authorized under a public coast station license. Vessels in the 
following situations are not considered to be on land for the purposes 
of this paragraph:
    (1) Vessels which are aground due to a distress situation;
    (2) Vessels in drydock undergoing repairs; and
    (3) State or local government vessels which are involved in search 
and rescue operations including related training exercises.
    (g) Transmit on frequencies or frequency bands not authorized on the 
current station license.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987; 
62 FR 40304, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.90  Suspension of transmission.

    Transmission must be suspended immediately upon detection of a 
transmitter malfunction and must remain suspended until the malfunction 
is corrected, except for transmission concerning the immediate safety of 
life or property, in which case transmission must be suspended as soon 
as the emergency is terminated.



Sec. 80.91  Order of priority of communications.

    (a) The order of priority of radiotelegraph communications is as 
follows:
    (1) Distress calls including the international distress signal for 
radiotelegraphy, the international radiotelegraph alarm signal, the 
international radiotelephone alarm signal, distress messages and 
distress traffic.
    (2) Communications preceded by the international radiotelegraph 
urgency signal.
    (3) Communications preceded by the international radiotelegraphy 
safety signal.
    (4) Communications relative to radio direction-finding bearings.
    (5) Communications relative to the navigation and safe movement of 
aircraft.
    (6) Communications relative to the navigation, movements, and needs 
of ships, including weather observation messages destined for an 
official meteorological service.
    (7) Government communications for which priority right has been 
claimed.
    (8) Service communications relating to the working of the 
radiocommunication service or to communications previously transmitted.
    (9) All other communications.
    (b) The order of priority of radiotelephone communications is as 
follows:
    (1) Distress calls including the international distress signal for 
radiotelephony, the international radiotelephone alarm signal, distress 
messages and distress traffic.
    (2) Communications preceded by the international radiotelephone 
urgency signal, or known to the station operator to consist of one or 
more urgent messages concerning the safety of a person, aircraft or 
other mobile unit.
    (3) Communications preceded by the international radiotelephone 
safety signal, or known to the station operator to consist of one or 
more messages concerning the safety of navigation or important 
meteorological warnings.
    (4) Communications known by the station operator to consist of one 
or more messages relative to the navigation, movements and needs of 
ships, including weather observation messages destined for an official 
meteorological service.
    (5) Government communications for which priority right has been 
claimed.
    (6) All other communications.

[[Page 32]]



Sec. 80.92  Prevention of interference.

    (a) The station operator must determine that the frequency is not in 
use by monitoring the frequency before transmitting, except for 
transmission of signals of distress.
    (b) When a radiocommunication causes interference to a communication 
which is already in progress, the interfering station must cease 
transmitting at the request of either party to the existing 
communication. As between nondistress traffic seeking to commence use of 
a frequency, the priority is established under Sec. 80.91.
    (c) Except in cases of distress, communications between ship 
stations or between ship and aircraft stations must not interfere with 
public coast stations. The ship or aircraft stations which cause 
interference must stop transmitting or change frequency upon the first 
request of the affected coast station.



Sec. 80.93  Hours of service.

    (a) All stations. All stations whose hours of service are not 
continuous must not suspend operation before having concluded all 
communication required in connection with a distress call or distress 
traffic.
    (b) Public coast stations. (1) Each public coast station whose hours 
of service are not continuous must not suspend operation before having 
concluded all communication involving messages or calls originating in 
or destined to mobile stations within range and mobile stations which 
have indicated their presence.
    (2) Unless otherwise authorized by the Commission upon adequate 
showing of need, each public coast station authorized to operate on 
frequencies in the 3000-23,000 kHz band must maintain continuous hours 
of service.
    (c) Compulsory ship stations. Compulsory ship stations whose service 
is not continous may not suspend operation before concluding all traffic 
originating in or destined for public coast stations situated within 
their range and mobile stations which have indicated their presence.
    (d) Other than public coast or compulsory ship stations. The hours 
of service of stations other than public coast or compulsory ship 
stations are determined by the station licensee.



Sec. 80.94  Control by coast or Government station.

    When communicating with a coast station or any Government station in 
the maritime mobile service, ship stations must comply with the 
instruction given by the coast station or Government station relative to 
the order and time of transmission, the choice of frequency, the 
suspension of communication and the permissible type of message traffic 
that may be transmitted. This provision does not apply in the event of 
distress.



Sec. 80.95  Message charges.

    (a) Charges must not be made for service of:
    (1) Any public coast station unless tariffs for the service are on 
file with the Commission;
    (2) Any station other than a public coast station or an Alaska--
public fixed station, except cooperatively shared stations covered by 
Sec. 80.503;
    (3) Distress calls and related traffic; and
    (4) Navigation hazard warnings preceded by the SAFETY signal.
    (b) The licensee of each ship station is responsible for the payment 
of all charges accruing to any other station(s) or facilities for the 
handling or forwarding of messages or communications transmitted by that 
station.
    (c) In order to be included in the ITU List of Coast Stations public 
coast stations must recognize international Accounting Authority 
Identification Codes (AAIC) for purposes of billing and accounts 
settlement in accordance with Article 66 of the Radio Regulations. 
Stations which elect not to recognize international AAIC's will be 
removed from the ITU List of Coast Stations.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.96  Maintenance tests.

    Stations are authorized to engage in test transmissions necessary 
for maintenance of the station. Test transmissions must conform to 
appropriate test operating procedures.

[[Page 33]]



Sec. 80.97  Radiotelegraph operating procedures.

    This section applies to ships and coast stations authorized to 
transmit in the band 405-525 kHz.
    (a) Except for the transmission of distress or urgency signals, all 
transmissions must cease within the band 485-515 kHz during each 500 kHz 
silence period.
    (b) Stations transmitting telegraphy must use the service 
abbreviations (``Q'' code) listed in Appendix 14 to the Radio 
Regulations.
    (c) The call consists of:
    (1) The call sign of the station called, not more than twice; the 
word ``DE'' and the call sign of the calling station, not more than 
twice; if useful, the frequency on which the called station should 
reply; and the letter ``K''.
    (2) If the call is transmitted twice at an interval of not less than 
one minute, it must not be repeated until after an interval of three 
minutes.
    (d) The reply to calls consists of: The call sign of the calling 
station, not more than twice; the word ``DE''; and the call sign of the 
station called, once only.



Sec. 80.98  Radiotelegraph testing procedures.

    (a) Stations authorized to use telegraphy may conduct tests on any 
assigned frequency. Emissions must not cause harmful interference. When 
radiation is necessary the radiotelegraph testing procedure described in 
this paragraph must be followed:
    (1) The operator must not interfere with transmissions in progress.
    (2) The operator must transmit ``IE'' (two dots, space, one dot) on 
the test frequency as a warning that test emissions are about to be 
made. When the frequency of the test emission is within the frequency 
band 405-525 kHz, a watch must be maintained on 500 kHz throughout the 
test period.
    (3) If any station transmits ``AS'' (wait), testing must be 
suspended. When transmission of ``IE'' is resumed and no response is 
heard, the test may proceed.
    (4) Test signals composed of a series of ``VVV'' having a duration 
of not more than ten seconds, followed by the call sign of the testing 
station will be transmitted. The call sign must be sent clearly at a 
speed of approximately 10 words per minute. This test transmission must 
not be repeated until a period of at least one minute has elapsed. On 
500 kHz in a region of heavy traffic, at least five minutes must elapse 
before the test transmission is repeated.
    (b) When testing is conducted on 500 kHz, no tests will be conducted 
during the 500 kHz silence periods. Care must be exercised not to so 
prolong and space the dash portion of the ``VVV'' series as to form the 
alarm signal.
    (c) When testing is conducted on any frequency in the band 8362-8366 
kHz, tests must not actuate any automatic alarm receiver.



Sec. 80.99  Radiotelegraph station identification.

    This section applies to coast, ship and survival craft stations 
authorized to transmit in the band 405-525 kHz.
    (a) The station transmitting radiotelegraph emissions must be 
identified by its call sign. The call sign must be transmitted with the 
telegraphy emission normally used by the station. The call sign must be 
transmitted at 20 minute intervals when transmission is sustained for 
more than 20 minutes. When a ship station is exchanging public 
correspondence communications, the identification may be deferred until 
completion of each communication with any other station.
    (b) The requirements of this section do not apply to survival craft 
stations when transmitting distress signals automatically or when 
operating on 121.500 MHz for radiobeacon purposes.
    (c) Emergency position indicating radiobeacon stations do not 
require identification.



Sec. 80.100  Morse code requirement.

    The code employed for telegraphy must be the Morse code specified in 
the Telegraph Regulations annexed to the International Telecommunication 
Convention. Pertinent extracts from the Telegraph Regulations are 
contained in the ``Manual for Use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime 
Mobile-Satellite Services'' published by the International 
Telecommunication Union.

[[Page 34]]



Sec. 80.101  Radiotelephone testing procedures.

    This section is applicable to all stations using telephony except 
where otherwise specified.
    (a) Station licensees must not cause harmful interference. When 
radiation is necessary or unavoidable, the testing procedure described 
below must be followed:
    (1) The operator must not interfere with transmissions in progress.
    (2) The testing station's call sign, followed by the word ``test'', 
must be announced on the radio-channel being used for the test.
    (3) If any station responds ``wait'', the test must be suspended for 
a minimum of 30 seconds, then repeat the call sign followed by the word 
``test'' and listen again for a response. To continue the test, the 
operator must use counts or phrases which do not conflict with normal 
operating signals, and must end with the station's call sign. Test 
signals must not exceed ten seconds, and must not be repeated until at 
least one minute has elapsed. On the frequency 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz, 
the time between tests must be a minimum of five minutes.
    (b) Testing of transmitters must be confined to single frequency 
channels on working frequencies. However, 2182 kHz and 156.800 MHz may 
be used to contact ship or coast stations as appropriate when signal 
reports are necessary. Short tests on 2182 kHz by vessels with DSB (A3) 
equipment for distress and safety purposes are permitted to evaluate the 
compatibility of that equipment with an A3J emission system. U. S. Coast 
Guard stations may be contacted on 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz for test 
purposes only when tests are being conducted by Commission employees, 
when FCC-licensed technicians are conducting inspections on behalf of 
the Commission, when qualified technicians are installing or repairing 
radiotelephone equipment, or when qualified ship's personnel conduct an 
operational check requested by the U.S. Coast Guard. In these cases the 
test must be identified as``FCC''or``technical''.
    (c) Survival craft transmitter tests must not be made within 
actuating range of automatic alarm receivers. Survival craft 
transmitters must not be tested on the frequency 500 kHz during the 
silence periods.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 29659, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.102  Radiotelephone station identification.

    This section applies to all stations using telephony which are 
subject to this part.
    (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section, 
stations must give the call sign in English. Identification must be 
made:
    (1) At the beginning and end of each communication with any other 
station.
    (2) At 15 minute intervals when transmission is sustained for more 
than 15 minutes. When public correspondence is being exchanged with a 
ship or aircraft station, the identification may be deferred until the 
completion of the communications.
    (b) Private coast stations located at drawbridges and transmitting 
on the navigation frequency 156.650 MHz may identify by use of the name 
of the bridge in lieu of the call sign.
    (c) Ship stations transmitting on any authorized VHF bridge-to-
bridge channel may be identified by the name of the ship in lieu of the 
call sign.
    (d) Ship stations operating in a vessel traffic service system or on 
a waterway under the control of a U.S. Government agency or a foreign 
authoriy, when communicating with such an agency or authority may be 
identified by the name of the ship in lieu of the call sign, or as 
directed by the agency or foreign authority.
    (e) VHF public coast station may identify by means of the 
approximate geographic location of the station or the area it serves 
when it is the only VHF public coast station serving the location or 
there will be no conflict with the identification of any other station.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.103  Digital selective calling (DSC) operating procedures.

    (a) Operating procedures for the use of DSC equipment in the 
maritime mobile service are as contained in CCIR Recommendation 541 as 
modified by paragraph (c) of this section.

[[Page 35]]

    (b) When using DSC techniques, coast and ship stations must use nine 
digit maritime mobile service identities.
    (c) DSC acknowledgement of DSC distress and safety calls must be 
made by designated coast stations and such acknowledgement must be in 
accordance with procedures contained in CCIR Recommendation 541. 
Nondesignated public and private coast stations must follow the guidance 
provided for ship stations in CCIR Recommendation 541 with respect to 
DSC ``Acknowledgement of distress calls'' and ``Distress relays''.



Sec. 80.104  Identification of radar transmissions not authorized.

    This section applies to all maritime radar transmitters except radar 
beacon stations.
    (a) Radar transmitters must not transmit station identification.
    (b) [Reserved]

                   Operating Procedures--Land Stations



Sec. 80.105  General obligations of coast stations.

    Each coast station or marine-utility station must acknowledge and 
receive all calls directed to it by ship or aircraft stations. Such 
stations are permitted to transmit safety communication to any ship or 
aircraft station. VHF (156-162 MHz) and AMTS (216-220 MHz) public coast 
stations may provide fixed or hybrid services on a co-primary basis with 
mobile operations.

[65 FR 77824, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.106  Intercommunication in the mobile service.

    (a) Each public coast station must exchange radio communications 
with any ship or aircraft station at sea; and each station on shipboard 
or aircraft at sea must exchange radio communications with any other 
station on shipboard or aircraft at sea or with any public coast 
station.
    (b) Each public coast station must acknowledge and receive all 
communications from mobile stations directed to it, transmit all 
communications delivered to it which are directed to mobile stations 
within range in accordance with their tariffs. Discrimination in service 
is prohibited.



Sec. 80.107  Service of private coast stations and marine-utility stations.

    A private coast station or a marine-utility station is authorized to 
transmit messages necessary for the private business and operational 
needs of ships and the safety of aircraft.



Sec. 80.108  Transmission of traffic lists by coast stations.

    (a) Each coast station is authorized to transmit lists of call signs 
in alphabetical order of all mobile stations for which they have traffic 
on hand. These traffic lists will be transmitted on the station's normal 
working frequencies at intervals of:
    (1) In the case of telegraphy, at least two hours and not more than 
four hours during the working hours of the coast station.
    (2) In the case of radiotelephony, at least one hour and not more 
than four hours during the working hours of the coast station.
    (b) The announcement must be as brief as possible and must not be 
repeated more than twice. Coast stations may announce on a calling 
frequency that they are about to transmit call lists on a specific 
working frequency.



Sec. 80.109  Transmission to a plurality of mobile stations by a public coast station.

    Group calls to vessels under the common control of a single entity 
and information for the general benefit of mariners including storm 
warnings, ordinary weather, hydrographic information and press materials 
may be transmitted by a public coast station simultaneously to a 
plurality of mobile stations.



Sec. 80.110  Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure markings and associated control equipment.

    The owner of each antenna structure required to be painted and/or 
illuminated under the provisions of Section 303(q) of the Communications 
Act of 1934, as amended, shall operate and maintain the antenna 
structure painting and lighting in accordance with part 17 of this 
chapter. In the event of

[[Page 36]]

default by the owner, each licensee or permittee shall be individually 
responsible for conforming to the requirements pertaining to antenna 
structure painting and lighting.

[61 FR 4368, Feb. 6, 1996]



Sec. 80.111  Radiotelephone operating procedures for coast stations.

    This section applies to all coast stations using telephony which are 
subject to this part.
    (a) Limitations on calling. (1) Except when transmitting a general 
call to all stations for announcing or preceding the transmission of 
distress, urgency, or safety messages, a coast station must call the 
particular station(s) with which it intends to communicate.
    (2) Coast stations must call ship stations by voice unless it is 
known that the particular ship station may be contacted by other means 
such as automatic actuation of a selective ringing or calling device.
    (3) Coast stations may be authorized emission for selective calling 
on each working frequency.
    (4) Calling a particular station must not continue for more than one 
minute in each instance. If the called station does not reply, that 
station must not again be called for two minutes. When a called station 
does not reply to a call sent three times at intervals of two minutes, 
the calling must cease for fifteen minutes. However, if harmful 
interference will not be caused to other communications in progress, the 
call may be repeated after three minutes.
    (5) A coast station must not attempt to communicate with a ship 
station that has specifically called another coast station until it 
becomes evident that the called station does not answer, or that 
communication between the ship station and the called station cannot be 
carried on because of unsatisfactory operating conditions.
    (6) Calls to establish communication must be initiated on an 
available common working frequency when such a frequency exists and it 
is known that the called ship maintains a simultaneous watch on the 
common working frequency and the appropriate calling frequency(ies).
    (b) Time limitation on calling frequency. Transmissions by coast 
stations on 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz must be minimized and any one 
exchange of communications must not exceed one minute in duration.
    (c) Change to working frequency. After establishing communications 
with another station by call and reply on 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz coast 
stations must change to an authorized working channel for the 
transmission of messages.
    (d) Use of busy signal. A coast station, when communicating with a 
ship station which transmits to the coast station on a radio channel 
which is a different channel from that used by the coast station for 
transmission, may transmit a ``busy'' signal whenever transmission from 
the ship station is being received. The characteristics of the ``busy'' 
signal are contained in Sec. 80.74.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987]

                   Operating Procedures--Ship Stations



Sec. 80.114  Authority of the master.

    (a) The service of each ship station must at all times be under the 
ultimate control of the master, who must require that each operator or 
such station comply with the Radio Regulations in force and that the 
ship station is used in accordance with those regulations.
    (b) These rules are waived when the vessel is under the control of 
the U.S. Government.



Sec. 80.115  Operational conditions for use of associated ship units.

    (a) Associated ship units may be operated under a ship station 
authorization. Use of an associated ship unit is restricted as follows;
    (1) It must only be operated on the safety and calling frequency 
156.800 MHz or on commercial or noncommercial VHF intership frequencies 
appropriate to the class of ship station with which it is associated.
    (2) Except for safety purposes, it must only be used to communicate 
with the ship station with which it is associated or with associated 
ship units of the same ship station. Such associated ship units may not 
be used from shore.

[[Page 37]]

    (3) It must be equipped to transmit on the frequency 156.800 MHz and 
at least one appropriate intership frequency.
    (4) Calling must occur on the frequency 156.800 MHz unless calling 
and working on an intership frequency has been prearranged.
    (5) Power is limited to one watt.
    (6) The station must be identified by the call sign of the ship 
station with which it is associated and an appropriate unit designator.
    (b) State or local government vehicles used to tow vessels involved 
in search and rescue operations are authorized to operate on maritime 
mobile frequencies as associated ship units. Such operations must be in 
accordance with paragraph (a) of this section, except that the 
associated ship unit: May be operated from shore; may use Distress, 
Safety and Calling, Intership Safety, Liaison, U.S. Coast Guard, or 
Maritime Control VHF intership frequencies; and may have a transmitter 
power of 25 watts.



Sec. 80.116  Radiotelephone operating procedures for ship stations.

    (a) Calling coast stations. (1) Use by ship stations of the freqency 
2182 kHz for calling coast stations and for replying to calls from coast 
stations is authorized. However, such calls and replies should be on the 
appropriate ship-shore working frequency.
    (2) Use by ship stations and marine utility stations of the 
frequency 156.800 MHz for calling coast stations and marine utility 
stations on shore, and for replying to calls from such stations, is 
authorized. However, such calls and replies should be made on the 
appropriate ship-shore working frequency.
    (b) Calling ship stations. (1) Except when other operating procedure 
is used to expedite safety communication, ship stations, before 
transmitting on the intership working frequencies 2003, 2142, 2638, 
2738, or 2830 kHz, must first establish communications with other ship 
stations by call and reply on 2182 kHz. Calls may be initiated on an 
intership working frequency when it is known that the called vessel 
maintains a simultaneous watch on the working frequency and on 2182 kHz.
    (2) Except when other operating procedures are used to expedite 
safety communications, the frequency 156.800 MHz must be used for call 
and reply by ship stations and marine utility stations before 
establishing communication on one of the intership working frequencies. 
Calls may be initiated on an intership working frequency when it is 
known that the called vessel maintains a simultaneous watch on the 
working frequency and on 156.800 MHz.
    (c) Change to working frequency. After establishing communication 
with another station by call and reply on 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz 
stations on board ship must change to an authorized working frequency 
for the transmission of messages.
    (d) Limitations on calling. Calling a particular station must not 
continue for more than 30 seconds in each instance. If the called 
station does not reply, the station must not again be called until after 
an interval of 2 minutes. When a called station called does not reply to 
a call sent three times at intervals of 2 minutes, the calling must 
cease and must not be renewed until after an interval of 15 minutes; 
however, if there is no reason to believe that harmful interference will 
be caused to other communications in progress, the call sent three times 
at intervals of 2 minutes may be repeated after a pause of not less than 
3 minutes. In event of an emergency involving safety, the provisions of 
this paragraph do not apply.
    (e) Limitations on working. Any one exchange of communications 
between any two ship stations on 2003, 2142, 2638, 2738, or 2830 kHz or 
between a ship station and a private coast station on 2738 or 2830 kHz 
must not exceed 3 minutes after the stations have established contact. 
Subsequent to such exchange of communications, the same two stations 
must not again use 2003, 2142, 2638, 2738, or 2830 kHz for communication 
with each other until 10 minutes have elapsed.
    (f) Transmission limitation on 2182 kHz and 156.800 MHz. To 
facilitate the reception of distress calls, all transmissions on 2182 
kHz and 156.800 MHz (channel 16) must be minimized and transmissions on 
156.800 MHz must not exceed 1 minute.

[[Page 38]]

    (g) Limitations on commercial communication. On frequencies in the 
band 156-162 MHz, the exchange of commercial communication must be 
limited to the minimum practicable transmission time. In the conduct of 
ship-shore communication other than distress, stations on board ship 
must comply with instructions given by the private coast station or 
marine utility station on shore with which they are communicating.
    (h) 2182 kHz silence periods. To facilitate the reception of 
distress calls, transmission by ship or survival craft stations is 
prohibited on any frequency (including 2182 kHz) within the band 2173.5-
2190.5 kHz during each 2182 kHz silence period.

                Special Procedures--Public Coast Stations



Sec. 80.121  Public coast stations using telegraphy.

    (a) Narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP) operating procedures. (1) 
When both terminals of the NB-DP circuit are satisfied that the circuit 
is in operable condition, the message preamble must be transmitted in 
the following format:
    (i) One carriage return and one line feed,
    (ii) Serial number or number of the message,
    (iii) The name of the office of origin,
    (iv) The number of words,
    (v) The date of handing in of the message,
    (vi) The time of handing in of the message, and
    (vii) Any service instructions. (See The ITU ``Manual for Use by the 
Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services''.)
    (2) Upon completion of transmission of the preamble, the address, 
text and signature must be transmitted as received from the sender.
    (3) Upon completion of transmission of the signature the coast 
station must, following the signal ``COL'', routinely repeat all service 
indications in the address and for figures or mixed groups of letters, 
figures or signs in the address, text or signature.
    (4) In telegrams of more than 50 words, routine repetition must be 
given at the end of each page.
    (5) Paragraphs (a) (1) through (4) of this section need not be 
followed when a direct connection is employed.
    (6) In calling ship stations by narrow-band direct-printing, the 
coast station must use the ship station selective calling number (5 
digits) and its assigned coast station identification number (4 digits). 
Calls to ship stations must employ the following format: Ship station 
selective call number, repeated twice; ``DE'', sent once; and coast 
station identification number, repeated twice. When the ship station 
does not reply to a call sent three times at intervals of two minutes, 
the calling must cease and must not be renewed until after an interval 
of fifteen minutes.
    (7) A public coast station authorized to use NB-DP frequencies 
between 4000 kHz and 27500 kHz may use class A1A emission on the 
``mark'' frequency for station identification and for establishing 
communications with ship stations. The radio station license must 
reflect authority for this type of operation, and harmful interference 
must not be caused.
    (b) Watch on ship calling frequencies. (1) Public coast stations 
using telegraphy must maintain a continuous watch during their working 
hours for calls from ship stations on frequencies in the same band(s) in 
which the coast station is licensed to operate. See subpart H of this 
part.
    (2) Such station must employ receivers which are capable of being 
accurately set to any designated calling frequency in each band for 
which the receiver is intended to operate. The time required to set the 
receiver to a frequency must not exceed five seconds. The receiver must 
have a long term frequency stability of not more than 50 Hz and a 
minimum sensitivity of two microvolts across receiver input terminals of 
50 ohms, or equivalent. The audio harmonic distortion must not exceed 
five percent at any rated output power.
    (c) Radiotelegraph frequencies. Radiotelegraph frequencies available 
for assignment to public coast stations are contained in subpart H of 
this part.

[[Page 39]]



Sec. 80.122  Public coast stations using facsimile and data.

    Facsimile operations are a form of telegraphy for the transmission 
and receipt of fixed images between authorized coast and ship stations. 
Facsimile and data techniques may be implemented in accordance with the 
following paragraphs.
    (a) Supplemental Eligibility Requirements. Public coast stations are 
eligible to use facsimile and data techniques with ship stations.
    (b) Assignment and use of frequencies. (1) Frequencies in the 2000-
27500 kHz bands in part 2 of the Commission's rules as available for 
shared use by the maritime mobile service and other radio services are 
assignable to public coast stations for providing facsimile 
communications with ship stations. Additionally, frequencies in the 156-
162 MHz band available for assignment to public coast stations for 
radiotelephone communications that are contained in subpart H of this 
part are also available for facsimile and data communications.
    (2) Equipment used for facsimile and data operations is subject to 
the applicable provisions of subpart E of this part.
    (3) The use of voice on frequencies authorized for facsimile 
operations in the bands 2000-27500 kHz listed in subpart H of this part 
is limited to setup and confirmation of receipt of facsimile 
transmissions.

[57 FR 43407, Sept. 21, 1992]



Sec. 80.123  Service to stations on land.

    Marine VHF public coast stations, including AMTS coast stations, may 
provide public correspondence service to stations on land in accordance 
with the following:
    (a) The public coast station licensee must provide each associated 
land station with a letter, which shall be presented to authorized FCC 
representatives upon request, acknowledging that the land station may 
operate under the authority of the associated public coast station's 
license:
    (b) Each public coast station serving stations on land must afford 
priority to marine-originating communications through any appropriate 
electrical or mechanical means.
    (c) Land station identification shall consist of the associated 
public coast station's call sign, followed by a unique numeric or 
alphabetic unit identifier;
    (d) Radio equipment used on land must be type accepted for use under 
part 22, part 80, or part 90 of this chapter. Such equipment must 
operate only on the public correspondence channels authorized for use by 
the associated public coast station;
    (e) Transmitter power shall be in accordance with the limits set in 
Sec. 80.215 for ship stations and antenna height shall be limited to 6.1 
meters (20 feet) above ground level;
    (f) Land stations may only communicate with public coast stations 
and must remain within radio range of associated public coast stations; 
and,
    (g) The land station must cease operation immediately upon written 
notice by the Commission to the associated public coast station that the 
land station is causing harmful interference to marine communications.

[62 FR 40304, July 28, 1997]

               Special Procedures--Private Coast Stations



Sec. 80.131  Radioprinter operations.

    Radioprinter operations provide a relatively low cost system of 
record communications between authorized coast and ship stations in 
accordance with the following paragraphs.
    (a) Supplementary eligibility requirement. A radioprinter 
authorization for a private coast station may be issued to the owner or 
operator of a ship of less than 1600 gross tons, a community of ships 
all of which are less than 1600 gross tons, or an association whose 
members operate ships of less than 1600 gross tons.
    (b) Scope of communications. Only those communications which concern 
the business and operational needs of vessels are authorized.
    (c) Assignment and use of frequencies. (1) Frequencies may be 
assigned to private coast stations for radioprinter use from the 
appropriate bands listed in subpart H of this part.

[[Page 40]]

    (2) Frequencies in the listed bands are shared with other radio 
services including the maritime mobile service. Each assigned frequency 
is available on a shared use basis only, not for the exclusive use of 
any one station or licensee.
    (d) Coast station responsibilities. (1) Private coast stations must 
propose frequencies and provide the names of ships to be served with the 
application.
    (2) Private coast station licensees must provide copies of their 
license to all ships with which they are authorized to conduct 
radioprinter operations.



Sec. 80.133  Private coast stations using facsimile in Alaska.

    Facsimile techniques may be implemented in accordance with the 
following paragraphs.
    (a) Private coast stations in Alaska are eligible to use facsimile 
techniques with associated ship stations and other private coast 
stations in accordance with Sec. 80.505(b).
    (b) The frequency 156.425 MHz is assigned by rule to private coast 
stations in Alaska for facsimile transmissions.
    (c) Equipment used for facsimile operations is subject to the 
applicable provisions of subpart E of this part.

[62 FR 40305, July 28, 1997]

                    Special Procedures--Ship Stations



Sec. 80.141  General provisions for ship stations.

    (a) Points of communication. Ship stations and marine utility 
stations on board ships are authorized to communicate with any station 
in the maritime mobile service.
    (b) Service requirements for all ship stations. (1) Each ship 
station must receive and acknowledge all communications which are 
addressed to the ship or to any person on board.
    (2) Every ship, on meeting with any direct danger to the navigation 
of other ships such as ice, a derelict vessel, a tropical storm, 
subfreezing air temperatures associated with gale force winds causing 
severe icing on superstructures, or winds of force 10 or above on the 
Beaufort scale for which no storm warning has been received, must 
transmit related information to ships in the vicinity and to the 
authorities on land unless such action has already been taken by another 
station. All such radio messages must be preceded by the safety signal.
    (3) A ship station may accept communications for retransmission to 
any other station in the maritime mobile service. Whenever such messages 
or communications have been received and acknowledged by a ship station 
for this purpose, that station must retransmit the message as soon as 
possible.
    (c) Service requirements for vessels. Each ship station provided for 
compliance with Part II of Title III of the Communications Act must 
provide a public correspondence service on voyages of more than 24 hours 
for any person who requests the service.
    (1) Compulsory radiotelegraph ships must provide this service during 
the hours the radio operator is normally on duty.
    (2) Compulsory radiotelephone ships must provide this service for at 
least four hours daily. The hours must be prominently posted at the 
principal operating location of the station.
    (d) Operating conditions. Effective August 1, 1994, VHF hand-held, 
portable transmitters used while connected to an external power source 
or a ship antenna must be equipped with an automatic timing device that 
deactivates the transmitter and reverts the transmitter to the receive 
mode after an uninterrupted transmission period of five minutes, plus or 
minus 10 percent. Additionally, such transmitters must have a device 
that indicates when the automatic timer has deactivated the transmitter. 
See also Sec. 80.203(c).

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 57988, Nov. 15, 1991]



Sec. 80.142  Ships using radiotelegraphy.

    (a) Calling by narrow-band direct-printing. (1) NB-DP ship stations 
must call United States public coast stations on frequencies designated 
for NB-DP operation.
    (2) Where it is known that the coast station maintains a watch on 
working frequencies for ship station NB-DP calls the ship station must 
make its initial NB-DP call on those frequencies.

[[Page 41]]

    (3) Calls to a coast station or other ship station must employ the 
following format: Coast station identification number, repeated twice; 
``DE'', sent once; and ship station selective call number, repeated 
twice. When the coast station does not reply to a call sent three times 
at intervals of two minutes, the calling must cease for fifteen minutes.
    (b) NB-DP operating procedure. The operation of NB-DP equipment in 
the maritime mobile service must be in accordance with the operating 
procedures contained in the latest version of CCIR Recommendation 492 
that does not prevent the use of existing equipment.
    (c) Required channels for radiotelegraphy. (1) Each ship station 
using telegraphy on frequencies within the band 405-525 kHz must be 
capable of:
    (i) Transmit and receive on 500 kHz using the authorized emissions, 
and
    (ii) Transmit on at least two working frequencies and receive on all 
other frequencies necessary for their service using authorized 
emissions, and
    (iii) When a radiotelegraph installation is compulsory, a fourth 
frequency within this band which is authorized specifically for 
direction finding must also be provided.
    (2) Each ship station using telegraphy on frequencies within the 
band 90-160 kHz must be capable of transmitting and receiving Class A1A 
emission on the frequency 143 kHz, and on at least two additional 
working frequencies within this band except that portion between 140 kHz 
and 146 kHz.
    (3) Each ship station using telegraphy and operating in the bands 
between 4000-27500 kHz must be capable of transmitting and receiving 
Class A1A or J2A emission on at least one frequency authorized for 
calling and at least two frequencies authorized for working in each of 
the bands for which facilities are provided to carry on its service.
    (4) Each ship station using telegraphy in Region 2 on frequencies 
within the band 2065-2107 kHz must be capable of transmitting and 
receiving Class A1A or J2A emission on at least one frequency in this 
band authorized for working in addition to a frequency in this hand 
authorized for calling.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 49993, Dec. 4, 1989]



Sec. 80.143  Required frequencies for radiotelephony.

    (a) Except for compulsory vessels, each ship radiotelephone station 
licensed to operate in the band 1605-3500 kHz must be able to receive 
and transmit J3E emission on the frequency 2182 kHz. Ship stations are 
additionally authorized to receive and transmit H3E emission for 
communications with foreign coast stations and with vessels of foreign 
registry. If the station is used for other than safety communications, 
it must be capable also of receiving and transmitting the J3E emission 
on at least two other frequencies in that band. However, ship stations 
which operate exclusively on the Mississippi River and its connecting 
waterways, and on high frequency bands above 3500 kHz, need be equipped 
with 2182 kHz and one other frequency within the band 1605-3500 kHz. 
Additionally, use of A3E emission is permitted for distress and safety 
purposes on 2182 kHz for portable survival craft equipment also having 
the capability to operate on 500 kHz and for transmitters authorized for 
use prior to January 1, 1972.
    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, at least 
one VHF radiotelephone transmitter/receiver must be able to transmit and 
receive on the following frequencies:
    (1) The distress, safety and calling frequency 156.800 MHz;
    (2) The primary intership safety frequency 156.300 MHz;
    (3) One or more working frequencies; and
    (4) All other frequencies necessary for its service.
    (c) Where a ship ordinarily has no requirement for VHF 
communications, handheld VHF equipment may be used solely to comply with 
the bridge-to-bridge navigational communication requirements contained 
in subpart U of this part.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987]

[[Page 42]]



Sec. 80.145  Class C EPIRB operational procedures.

    Class C EPIRBs must be used for distress purposes only after use of 
the VHF/FM radiotelephone installation, in accordance with Sec. 80.320, 
has proved unsuccessful or when a VHF/FM radiotelephone installation is 
not fitted, or when specifically requested to do so by a station engaged 
in search and rescue operations.

                    Shipboard General Purpose Watches



Sec. 80.146  Watch on 500 kHz.

    During their hours of service, ship stations using frequencies in 
the authorized bands between 405-525 kHz must, remain on watch on 500 
kHz except when the operator is transmitting on 500 kHz or operating on 
another frequency. The provisions of this section do not relieve the 
ship from complying with the requirements for a safety watch as 
prescribed in Secs. 80.304 and 80.305.



Sec. 80.147  Watch on 2182 kHz.

    Ship stations must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz as prescribed by 
Sec. 80.304(b).



Sec. 80.148  Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).

    At least one VHF ship station per compulsory vessel while underway 
must maintain a watch on 156.800 MHz whenever such station is not being 
used for exchanging communications. The watch is not required:
    (a) Where a ship station is operating only with handheld bridge-to-
bridge VHF radio equipment under Sec. 80.143(c) of this part;
    (b) For vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act and 
participating in a Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) system when the watch is 
maintained on both the bridge-to-bridge frequency and a separately 
assigned VTS frequency; or
    (c) For a station on board a voluntary vessel equipped with digital 
selective calling (DSC) equipment, maintaining a continuous DSC watch on 
156.525 MHz whenever such station is not being used for exchanging 
communications, and while such station is within the VHF service area of 
a U.S. Coast Guard radio facility which is DSC equipped.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 16504, Mar. 29, 1993]

                               Violations



Sec. 80.149  Answer to notice of violation.

    (a) Any person receiving official notice of violation of the terms 
of the Communications Act, any legislative act, executive order, treaty 
to which the United States is a party, terms of a station or operator 
license, or the rules and regulations of the Federal Communications 
Commission must within 10 days from such receipt, send a written answer, 
in duplicate, to the office of the Commission originating the official 
notice. If an answer cannot be sent or an acknowledgment made within 
such 10-day period by reason of illness or other unavoidable 
circumstances, acknowledgment and answer must be made at the earliest 
practicable date with a satisfactory explanation of the delay. The 
answer to each notice must be complete in itself and must not be 
abbreviated by references to other communications or answers to other 
notices. The answer must contain a full explanation of the incident 
involved and must set forth the action taken to prevent a continuation 
or recurrence. If the notice relates to lack of attention to or improper 
operation of the station or to log or watch discrepancies, the answer 
must give the name and license number of the licensed operator on duty.
    (b) When an official notice of violation, impending violation, or 
discrepancy, pertaining to any provision of Part II of Title III of the 
Communications Act or the radio provisions of the Safety Convention, is 
served upon the master or person responsible for a vessel and any 
instructions appearing on such document issued by a representative of 
the Commission are at variance with the content of paragraph (a) of this 
section, the instructions issued by the Commission's representative 
supersede those set forth in paragraph (a) of this section.

[[Page 43]]



                    Subpart D--Operator Requirements



Sec. 80.151  Classification of operator licenses and endorsements.

    (a) Commercial radio operator licenses issued by the Commission are 
classified in accordance with the Radio Regulations of the International 
Telecommunication Union.
    (b) The following licenses are issued by the Commission. 
International classification, if different from the license name, is 
given in parentheses. The licenses and their alphanumeric designator are 
listed in descending order.
    (1) T-1. First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate.
    (2) T-2. Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate.
    (3) G. General Radiotelephone Operator License (radiotelephone 
operator's general certificate).
    (4) T-3. Third Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate 
(radiotelegraph operator's special certificate).
    (5) MP. Marine Radio Operator Permit (radiotelephone operator's 
restricted certificate).
    (6) RP. Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit (radiotelephone 
operator's restricted certificate).
    (c) The following license endorsements are affixed by the Commission 
to provide special authorizations or restrictions. Applicable licenses 
are given in parentheses.
    (1) Ship Radar endorsement (First and Second Class Radiotelegraph 
Operator's Certificate, General Radiotelephone Operator License).
    (2) Six Months Service endorsement (First and Second Class 
Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate).
    (3) Restrictive endorsements; relating to physical handicaps, 
English language or literacy waivers, or other matters (all licenses).

                   Coast Station Operator Requirements



Sec. 80.153  Coast station operator requirements.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. 80.179, operation of a coast station 
transmitter must be performed by a person holding a commercial radio 
operator license of the required class, who is on duty at the control 
point of the station. The operator is responsible for the proper 
operation of the station.
    (b) The minimum class of radio operator license required for 
operation of each specific classification of station is set forth below:

                        Minimum Operator License

Public coast telegraph, all classes--T-2.
    --Manual Morse under supervision of T1 or T2--T-3.
    --NB-DP under supervision of T1 or T2--T-3, G or MP.
Coast telephone, all classes--None.

    (c) Special Operating Conditions: (1) When a coast telephone station 
of any class is used to transmit manual telegraphy the telegraph key 
operator must hold a third-class or higher radiotelegraph operator's 
license.
    (2) An operational fixed station associated with a coast station may 
be operated by the operator of the associated coast station.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 10008, Mar. 9, 1989; 54 
FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989; 62 FR 40305, July 28, 1997]

                   Ship Station Operator Requirements



Sec. 80.155  Ship station operator requirements.

    Except as provided in Secs. 80.177 and 80.179, operation of 
transmitters of any ship station must be performed by a person holding a 
commercial radio operator license or permit of the class required below. 
The operator is responsible for the proper operation of the station.

[54 FR 10008, Mar. 9, 1989]



Sec. 80.156  Control by operator.

    The operator on board ships required to have a holder of a 
commercial operator license or permit on board may, if authorized by the 
station licensee or master, permit an unlicensed person to modulate the 
transmitting apparatus for all modes of communication except Morse code 
radiotelegraphy.

[51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986]



Sec. 80.157  Radio officer defined.

    A radio officer means a person holding a first or second class 
radiotelegraph operator's certificate issued by the

[[Page 44]]

Commission who is employed to operate a ship radio station in compliance 
with Part II of Title III of the Communications Act. Such a person is 
also required to be licensed as a radio officer by the U.S. Coast Guard 
when employed to operate a ship radiotelegraph station.

[53 FR 46455, Nov. 17, 1988]



Sec. 80.159  Operator requirements of Title III of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.

    (a) Each telegraphy passenger ship equipped with a radiotelegraph 
station in accordance with Part II of Title III of the Communications 
Act must carry one radio officer holding a first or second class 
radiotelegraph operator's certificate and a second radio officer holding 
either a first or second class radiotelegraph operator's certificate. 
The holder of a second class radiotelegraph operator's certificate may 
not act as the chief radio officer.
    (b) Each cargo ship equipped with a radiotelegraph station in 
accordance with Part II of Title III of the Communications Act and which 
has a radiotelegraph auto alarm must carry a radio officer holding a 
first or second class radiotelegraph operator's certificate who has had 
at least six months service as a radio officer on board U.S. ships. If 
the radiotelegraph station does not have an auto alarm, a second radio 
officer who holds a first or second class radiotelegraph operator's 
certificate must be carried.
    (c) Each cargo ship equipped with a radiotelephone station in 
accordance with Part II of Title III of the Communications Act must 
carry a radio operator who meets the following requirements:
    (1) Where the station power does not exceed 1500 watts peak envelope 
power, the operator must hold a marine radio operator permit or higher 
class license.
    (2) Where the station power exceeds 1500 watts peak envelope power, 
the operator must hold a general radiotelephone radio operator license 
or higher class license.
    (d) Each ship transporting more than six passengers for hire 
equipped with a radiotelephone station in accordance with Part III of 
Title III of the Communications Act must carry a radio operator who 
meets the following requirements:
    (1) Where the station power does not exceed 250 watts carrier power 
or 1500 watts peak envelope power, the radio operator must hold a marine 
radio operator permit or higher class license.
    (2) Where the station power exceeds 250 watts carrier power or 1500 
watts peak envelope power, the radio operator must hold a general 
radiotelephone operator license or higher class license.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989]



Sec. 80.161  Operator requirements of the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.

    Each ship subject to the Great Lakes Radio Agreement must have on 
board an officer or member of the crew who holds a marine radio operator 
permit or higher class license.



Sec. 80.163  Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Each ship subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have on board a 
radio operator who holds a restricted radiotelephone operator permit or 
higher class license.



Sec. 80.165  Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

                        Minimum operator license
Ship Morse telegraph.........................  T-2.
Ship direct-printing telegraph...............  MP.
Ship telephone, more than 250 watts carrier    G.
 power or 1,000 watts peak envelope power.
Ship telephone, not more than 250 watts        MP.
 carrier power or 1,000 watts peak envelope
 power.
Ship telephone, not more than 100 watts
 carrier power or 400 watts peak envelope
 power:
    Above 30 MHz.............................  None.\1\
    Below 30 MHz.............................  RP.
Ship earth station...........................  RP.
 
\1\ RP required for international voyage.

                      General Operator Requirements



Sec. 80.167  Limitations on operators.

    The operator of maritime radio equipment other than T-1, T-2, or G 
licensees, must not:
    (a) Make equipment adjustments which may affect transmitter 
operation;

[[Page 45]]

    (b) Operate any transmitter which requires more than the use of 
simple external switches or manual frequency selection or transmitters 
whose frequency stability is not maintained by the transmitter itself.



Sec. 80.169  Operators required to adjust transmitters or radar.

    (a) All adjustments of radio transmitters in any radiotelephone 
station or coincident with the installation, servicing, or maintenance 
of such equipment which may affect the proper operation of the station, 
must be performed by or under the immediate supervision and 
responsibility of a person holding a first or second class 
radiotelegraph operator's certificate or a general radiotelephone 
operator license.
    (b) Only persons holding a first or second class radiotelegraph 
operator certificate must perform such functions at radiotelegraph 
stations transmitting Morse code.
    (c) Only persons holding an operator certificate containing a ship 
radar endorsement must perform such functions on radar equipment.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989]



Sec. 80.175  Availability of operator licenses.

    All operator licenses required by this subpart must be readily 
available for inspection.



Sec. 80.177  When operator license is not required.

    (a) No radio operator authorization is required to operate:
    (1) A shore radar, a shore radiolocation, maritime support or shore 
radionavigation station;
    (2) A survival craft station or an emergency position indicating 
radio beacon;
    (3) A ship radar station if:
    (i) The radar frequency is determined by a nontunable, pulse type 
magnetron or other fixed tuned device, and
    (ii) The radar is capable of being operated exclusively by external 
controls;
    (4) An on board station; or
    (5) A ship station operating in the VHF band on board a ship 
voluntarily equipped with radio and sailing on a domestic voyage.
    (b) No radio operator license is required to install a VHF 
transmitter in a ship station if the installation is made by, or under 
the supervision of, the licensee of the ship station and if 
modifications to the transmitter other than front panel controls are not 
made.
    (c) No operator license is required to operate coast telephone 
stations or marine utility stations.
    (d) No radio operator license is required to install a radar station 
on a voluntarily equipped ship when a manual is included with the 
equipment that provides step-by-step instructions for the installation, 
calibration, and operation of the radar. The installation must be made 
by, or under the supervision of, the licensee of that ship station and 
no modifications or adjustments other than to the front panel controls 
are to be made to the equipment.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 53 FR 41434, Oct. 28, 1987; 
62 FR 40305, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.179  Unattended operation.

    The following unattended transmitter operations are authorized:
    (a) EPIRB operations when emergency conditions preclude attendance 
of the EPIRB transmitter by a person.
    (b) Automatic use of a transmitter during narrow-band direct-
printing (NB-DP) operations in accordance with Sec. 80.219.
    (c) Automatic use of a transmitter during selective calling 
operations in accordance with Sec. 80.225.
    (d) Automatic use of a transmitter when operating as part of the 
Automated Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS), an automated multi-
station system for which provisions are contained in this part, or an 
automated public coast station.
    (e) Automatic use of a VHF transmitter to send brief digital 
communications relating to the condition or safety of vessels while 
moored when all of the following conditions are met:
    (1) The equipment must be using DSC in accordance with CCIR 
Recommendations 493 and 541 as modified by this section.

[[Page 46]]

    (2) Sensors must automatically activate the transmitter only under 
one or more of the following conditions:
    (i) Fire, explosion;
    (ii) Flooding;
    (iii) Collision;
    (iv) Grounding;
    (v) Listing, in danger of capsizing;
    (vi) Sinking;
    (vii) Disabled and adrift; and
    (viii) Undesignated condition related to ship safety.
    (3) The ``ROUTINE'' DSC category must be used.
    (4) Communications must be selectively addressed to an individual 
station.
    (5) Transmitter output power must not exceed one watt.
    (6) The call must employ a fixed format and must be in conformity 
with Recommendation 493 as follows:

Format specifier: Individual call--symbol 120 sent twice.
Address: 9 digit maritime mobile service identity of called station.
Category: Routine--symbol 100.
Self-identification: 9 digit ship station identity.
Message 1: Telecommand symbol 126 sent twice.
Message 2: Telecommand symbol 126 sent 6 times.
End of sequence: Symbol 127.
Error-check character: Check sum.

    (7) Such transmissions are permitted only on channel 70 and the 
transmitter must be inhibited automatically whenever there is another 
call in progress on Channel 70.
    (8) The call sequence for any one alarm must not be repeated until 
after an interval of at least five seconds. Further repetition is 
permitted only after intervals of at least fifteen minutes each. 
Repetitions following fifteen-minute waiting intervals must not exceed 
three.

[54 FR 10008, Mar. 9, 1989, as amended at 62 FR 40305, July 28, 1997]



                 Subpart E--General Technical Standards



Sec. 80.201  Scope.

    This subpart gives the general technical requirements for the use of 
frequencies and equipment in the maritime services. These requirements 
include standards for equipment authorization, frequency tolerance, 
modulation, emission, power and bandwidth.



Sec. 80.203  Authorization of transmitters for licensing.

    (a) Each transmitter authorized in a station in the maritime 
services after September 30, 1986, except as indicated in paragraphs 
(g), (h) and (i) of this section, must be certificated by the Commission 
for part 80 operations. The procedures for certification are contained 
in part 2 of this chapter. Transmitters of a model authorized before 
October 1, 1986 will be considered type accepted for use in ship or 
coast stations as appropriate.
    (b) The external controls, of maritime station transmitters capable 
of operation in the 156-162 MHz band and manufactured in or imported 
into the United States after August 1, 1990, or sold or installed after 
August 1, 1991, must provide for selection of only maritime channels for 
which the maritime station is authorized. Such transmitters must not be 
capable of being programmed by station operators using external controls 
to transmit on channels other than those programmed by the manufacturer, 
service or maintenance personnel.
    (1) Any manufacturer procedures and special devices for programming 
must only be made available to service companies employing licensed 
service and maintenance personnel that meet the requirements of 
Sec. 80.169(a) and must not be made available with information normally 
provided to consumers.
    (2) The channels preprogrammed by manufacturers, service and 
maintenance personnel for selection by the external controls of a 
maritime station transmitter must be limited to those channels listed in 
this part and the duplex channels listed in Appendix 18 of the 
international Radio Regulations. The duplex channels listed in Appendix 
18 of the international Radio Regulations must be used only in the 
specified duplex mode. Simplex operations on Appendix 18 duplex channels 
that are not in accordance with this part are prohibited.
    (3) Programming of authorized channels must be performed only by a 
person holding a first or second class radiotelegraph operator's 
certificate or a

[[Page 47]]

general radiotelephone operator's license using any of the following 
procedures:
    (i) Internal adjustment of the transmitter;
    (ii) Use of controls normally inaccessible to the station operator;
    (iii) Use of external devices or equipment modules made available 
only to service and maintenance personnel through a service company; and
    (iv) Copying of a channel selection program directly from another 
transmitter (cloning) using devices and procedures made available only 
to service and maintenance personnel through a service company.
    (4) VHF maritime radio station transmitters capable of being 
programmed by station operators by means of external controls that are 
installed in a maritime station by August 1, 1991, are authorized for 
use indefinitely at the same maritime station.
    (c) All VHF ship station transmitters that are either manufactured 
in or imported into the United States, on or after August 1, 1993, or 
are initially installed on or after August 1, 1994, must be equipped 
with an automatic timing device that deactivates the transmitter and 
reverts the transmitter to the receive mode after an uninterrupted 
transmission period of five minutes, plus or minus 10 per cent. 
Additionally, such transmitters must have a device that indicates when 
the automatic timer has deactivated the transmitter. VHF ship station 
transmitters initially installed before August 1, 1994, are authorized 
for use indefinitely at the same maritime station. VHF hand-held, 
portable transmitters are not required to comply with the requirements 
in paragraph (c) of this section except when used as described in 
Sec. 80.141.
    (d) Except for radar equipment, applicants for certification of 
radio equipment designed to satisfy Part II of Title III of the 
Communications Act or the Safety Convention must also submit with their 
application a working unit of the type for which certification is 
desired. Manufacturers of radar equipment intended for installation on 
voluntarily equipped ships by persons without FCC operators license must 
include with their equipment authorization application a manual that 
provides step-by-step procedures for the installation, calibration, and 
operation of the radar stations.
    (e) Double sideband (DSB) radiotelephone equipment operating in the 
1605-27500 kHz band will be authorized only for use in ship stations. 
Such equipment must comply with Chapter IV of the Safety Convention, 
operate only on the frequency 2182 kHz, and be marked ``Distress and 
Safety Use Only''.
    (f) Transmitters certificated for single sideband suppressed carrier 
radiotelephone transmissions may be used for facsimile transmissions 
without filing for a certification modification provided the 
transmitters retain certification and comply with the applicable 
standards in this part.
    (g) Manufacturers of ship earth station transmitters intended for 
use in the INMARSAT space segment must comply with the verification 
procedures given in part 2 of this chapter. Such equipment must be 
verified in accordance with the technical requirements provided by 
INMARSAT and must be type approved by INMARSAT for use in the INMARSAT 
space segment. The ship earth station input/output parameters, the data 
obtained when the equipment is integrated in system configuration and 
the pertinent method of test procedures that are used for type approval 
of the station model which are essential for the compatible operation of 
that station in the INMARSAT space segment must be disclosed by the 
manufacturer upon request of the FCC or the United States Signatory. 
Witnessing of the type approval tests and the disclosure of the ship 
earth station equipment design or any other information of a proprietary 
nature will be at the discretion of the ship earth station manufacturer. 
Transmitters of a model that was certificated by MARISAT for use in its 
system will be considered verified for use in the INMARSAT system. 
However, the continued use of such equipment will not be permitted after 
September 1, 1991, unless verified under the Commission's procedures.
    (h) In addition to the certification requirements contained in part 
2 of this

[[Page 48]]

chapter applicants for type acceptance of 406.025 MHz radiobeacons must 
also comply with the certification procedures contained in Sec. 80.1061 
of this part.
    (i) Certification is not required for U.S. Government furnished 
transmitters to fulfill a U.S. Government contract. However, such 
transmitters must comply with all technical requirements in this part.
    (j) Certification is not required for transmitters authorized for 
developmental stations.
    (k) Certification of individual radio transmitters requested by 
station applicants or licensees must also follow the certification 
procedure in paragraph (a) of this section. However, operation of such 
transmitters must be limited to the specific units individually 
identified on the station authorization.
    (l) Ship station transmitters may be certificated for emissions not 
shown in Sec. 80.205 of this part. However, such emissions are not 
authorized for use in the United States or for communications with U.S. 
coast stations.
    (m) Ship station MF, HF, and VHF transmitters may employ external or 
internal devices to send synthesized voice transmissions for distress 
and safety purposes on any distress and safety frequency authorized for 
radiotelephony listed in Sec. 80.369 provided the following requirements 
are met:
    (1) The technical characteristics of the distress transmissions must 
comply with this part.
    (2) A transmitter and any internal device capable of transmitting a 
synthesized voice message must be certificated as an integral unit.
    (3) The synthesized voice distress transmission must begin with the 
words ``this is a recording'' and should be comprised of at least:
    (i) the radiotelephone distress call as described in Sec. 80.315(b) 
and the ship's position as described in Sec. 80.316(c); or
    (ii) the radiotelephone distress message as described in 
Sec. 80.316(b). If available, the ship's position should be reported as 
described in Sec. 80.316(c).
    (4) Such transmission must be initiated manually by an off-switch 
that is protected from inadvertent activation and must cause the 
transmitter to switch to an appropriate distress and safety frequency. 
The radiotelephone distress call and message described in 
Secs. 80.203(m)(3) (i) and (ii), respectively, may be repeated. However, 
the entire transmission including repeats must not exceed 45 seconds 
from beginning to end. Upon ending the transceiver must return to the 
receive mode and must not be capable of sending the synthesized distress 
call for at least thirty seconds. Placing the switch to the off position 
must stop the distress transmission and permit the transmitter to be 
used to send and receive standard voice communications.
    (5) Use of the microphone must cause the synthesized voice distress 
transmission to cease and allow the immediate use of the transmitter for 
sending and receiving standard voice communications.
    (n) Applications for type acceptance of all marine radio 
transmitters operating in the 2-27.5 MHz band or the 156-162 MHz band 
received on or after June 17, 1999, must have a DSC capability in 
accordance with Sec. 80.225. This requirement does not apply to 
transmitters used with AMTS or hand-held portable transmitters.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 53 FR 41434, Oct. 28, 1987; 
53 FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988; 54 FR 31839, Aug. 2, 1989; 56 FR 3787, Jan. 
31, 1991; 56 FR 57496, Nov. 12, 1991; 56 FR 57988, Nov. 15, 1991; 57 FR 
8727, Mar. 12, 1992; 62 FR 40305, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 36606, July 7, 
1998]



Sec. 80.205  Bandwidths.

    (a) An emission designator shows the necessary bandwidth for each 
class of emission of a station except that in ship earth stations it 
shows the occupied or necessary bandwidth, whichever is greater. The 
following table gives the class of emission and corresponding emission 
designator and authorized bandwidth:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Authorized
            Class of emission                Emission        bandwidth
                                            designator         (kHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
A1A.....................................         160HA1A             0.4
A1B \1\.................................         160HA1B             0.4
A1D \12\................................         16K0A1D            20.0
A2A.....................................         2K66A2A             2.8
A2B \1\.................................         2K66A2B             2.8
A2D \12\................................         16K0A2D            20.0
A3E.....................................         6K00A3E             8.0
A3N \2\.................................         2K66A3N             2.8
A3X \3\.................................         3K20A3X            25.0
F1B \4\.................................         280HF1B             0.3

[[Page 49]]

 
F1B \5\.................................         300HF1B             0.5
F1B \6\.................................         16KOF1B            20.0
F1C.....................................         2K80F1C             3.0
F1D \12\................................         16K0F1D            20.0
F2B \6\.................................         16KOF2B            20.0
F2C \7\.................................         16KOF2C            20.0
F2D \12\................................         16K0F2D            20.0
F3C.....................................         2K80F3C             3.0
F3C \7\.................................         16KOF3C            20.0
F3E \8\.................................         16KOF3E            20.0
F3N \9\.................................         20MOF3N        20,000.0
G1D \12\................................         16K0G1D            20.0
G2D \12\................................         16K0G2D            20.0
G3D \10\................................         16KOG3D            20.0
G3E \8\.................................         16KOG3E            20.0
G3N \3\  \13\...........................         16KOG3N            20.0
H2A.....................................         1K40H2A             2.8
H2B \1\.................................         1K40H2B             2.8
H3E \11\................................         2K80H3E             3.0
H3N.....................................         2K66H3N             2.8
J2A.....................................         160HJ2A             0.4
J2B \4\.................................         280HJ2B             0.3
J2B \5\.................................         300HJ2B             0.5
J2B.....................................         2K80J2B             3.0
J2C.....................................         2K80J2C             3.0
J3C.....................................         2K80J3C             3.0
J3E \11\................................         2K80J3E             3.0
J3N.....................................         160HJ3N             0.4
NON.....................................             NON             0.4
PON.....................................          (\12\)          (\12\)
R3E \11\................................         2K80R3E            3.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ On 500 kHz and 2182 kHz A1B, A2B, H2B and J2B emissions indicate
  transmission of the auto alarm signals.
\2\ Applicable only to transmissions in the 405-525 kHz band for
  direction finding.
\3\ Applicable only to EPIRB's.
\4\ Radioprinter transmissions for communications with private coast
  stations.
\5\ NB-DP radiotelegraph and data transmissions for communications with
  public coast stations.
\6\ Applicable only to radioprinter and data in the 156-162 MHz band and
  radioprinter in the 216-220 MHz band.
\7\ Applicable only to facsimile in the 156-162 MHz and 216-220 MHz
  bands.
\8\ Applicable only when maximum frequency deviation is 5 kHz. See also
  paragraph (b) of this section.
\9\ Applicable only to marine hand-held radar.
\10\ Applicable only to on-board frequencies for maneuvering or
  navigation.
\11\ Transmitters approved prior to December 31, 1969, for emission H3E,
  J3E and R3E and an authorized bandwidth of 3.5 kHz may continue to be
  operated. These transmitters will not be authorized in new
  installations.
\12\ Applicable to radiolocation and associated telecommand ship
  stations operating on 154.585 MHz, 159.480 MHz, 160.725 MHz. 160.785
  MHz, 454.000 MHz, and 459.000 MHz; emergency position indicating
  radiobeacons operating in the 406.000-406.1000 MHz frequency bank; and
  data transmissions in the 156-162 MHz band.
\13\ Class C EPIRB stations may not be used after February 1, 1999.

    (b) For land stations the maximum authorized frequency deviation for 
F3E or G3E emission is as follows:
    (1) 5 kHz in the 72.0-73.0 MHz, 75.4-76.0 MHz and 156-162 MHz bands;
    (2) 15 kHz for stations which were authorized for operation before 
December 1, 1961, in the 73.0-74.6 MHz band.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 7418, Mar. 11, 1987; 53 
FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988; 56 FR 11516, Mar. 19, 1991; 57 FR 43407, Sept. 
21, 1992; 58 FR 33344, June 17, 1993; 59 FR 7714, Feb. 16, 1994; 62 FR 
40305, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.207  Classes of emission.

    (a) Authorization to use radiotelephone and radiotelegraph emissions 
by ship and coast stations includes the use of digital selective calling 
and selective calling techniques in accordance with Sec. 80.225.
    (b) In radiotelegraphy communications employing a modulated carrier 
the carrier must be keyed and modulated by an audio frequency.
    (c) Authorization to use single sideband emission is limited to 
emitting a carrier;
    (1) For full carrier transmitters at a power level between 3 and 6 
dB below peak envelope power;
    (2) For suppressed carrier transmitters at a power level at least 40 
dB below peak envelope power; and
    (3) For reduced or variable level carrier:
    (i) In the 1600-4000 kHz band:
    (A) For coast station transmitters 182 dB below peak 
envelope power;
    (B) For ship station transmitters installed before January 2, 1982, 
162 dB below peak envelope power; and
    (C) For ship station transmitters installed after January 1, 1982, 
182 dB below peak envelope power.
    (ii) In the 4000-27500 kHz band:
    (A) For coast station transmitters 182 dB below peak 
envelope power;
    (B) For ship station transmitters installed before January 2, 1978, 
162 dB below peak envelope power; and
    (C) For ship station transmitters installed after January 1, 1978, 
182 dB below peak envelope power.
    (d) The authorized classes of emission are as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Types of stations                   Classes of emission
------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Ship Stations \1\
 
Radiotelegraphy:
    100-160 kHz....................  A1A
    405-525 kHz....................  A1A, J2A

[[Page 50]]

 
    1605-27500 kHz:
        Manual.....................  A1A, J2A
        DSC........................  F1B, J2B
        NB-DP \14\.................  F1B, J2B
        Facsimile..................  F1C, F3C, J2C, J3C
    156-162 MHz \2\................  F1B,F2B,F2C,F3C,F1D,F2D
        DSC........................  G2B
    216-220 MHz \3\................  F1B, F2B, F2C, F3C
    1626.5-1646.5 MHz..............  (\4\)
Radiotelephony:
    1605-27500 kHz \5\.............  H3E, J3E, R3E
    27.5-470 MHz \6\...............  G3D, G3E
    1626.5-1646.5 MHz..............  (\4\)
Radiodetermination:
    285-325 kHz \7\................  A1A, A2A
    405-525 kHz (Direction Finding)  A3N, H3N, J3N, NON
     \8\.
  154-459 MHz: \12\................  A1D, A2D, F1D, F2D, G1D, G2D
    2.4-9.5 GHz....................  PON
    14.00-14.05 GHz................  F3N
 
         Land Stations \1\
 
Radiotelegraphy:
    100-160 kHz....................  A1A
    405-525 kHz....................  A1A, J2A
    1605-2850 kHz:                   ...................................
        Manual.....................  A1A, J2A
        Facsimile..................  F1C, F3C, J2C, J3C
        Alaska--Fixed..............  A1A, J2A
    4000-27500 kHz:                  ...................................
        Manual.....................  A1A, J2A
        DSC........................  F1B, J2B
        NB-DP \14\.................  F1B, J2B
        Facsimile..................  F1C, F3C, J2C, J3C
        Alaska--Fixed..............  A1A, A2A, F1B, F2B
    72-76 MHz......................  A1A, A2A, F1B, F2B
    156-162 MHz\2\.................  F1B,F2B,F2C,F3C,F1D,F2D
      DSC..........................  G2B
    216-220 MHz \3\................  F1B, F2B, F2C, F3C
Radiotelephony:
    1605-27500 kHz.................  H3E, J3E, R3E
    72-76 MHz......................  A3E, F3E, G3E
    156-470 MHz....................  G3E
Radiodetermination:
    2.4-9.6 GHz....................  PON
Distress, Urgency and Safety: \8\
 \9\
    500 kHz \10\...................  A2A and A2B or H2A and H2B
    2182 kHz \10\ \11\.............  A2B, A3B, H2B, H3E, J2B, and J3E
    8364 kHz.......................  A2A, H2A
    121.500 MHz....................  A3E, A3X, N0N
    123.100 MHz....................  A3E
    156.750 and 156.800 MHz \13\...  G3E, G3N
    243.000 MHz....................  A3E, A3X, N0N
    406.025 MHz....................  G1D
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes distress, EPIRBs, survival craft, and automatic link
  establishment.
\2\ Frequencies used for public correspondence and in Alaska 156.425
  MHz. See Secs.  80.371(c), 80.373(f) and 80.385(b). Transmitters
  approved before January 1, 1994, for G3E emissions will be authorized
  indefinitely for F2C, F3C, F1D and F2D emissions. Transmitters
  approved on or after January 1, 1994, will be authorized for F2C, F3C,
  F1D or F2D emissions only if they are approved specifically for each
  emission designator.
\3\ Frequencies used in the Automated Maritime Telecommunications System
  (AMTS). See Sec.  80.385(b).
\4\ Types of emission are determined by the INMARSAT Organization.
\5\ Transmitters approved prior to December 31, 1969, for emission H3E,
  J3E, and R3E and an authorized bandwidth of 3.5 kHz may continue to be
  operated. These transmitters will not be authorized in new
  installations.
\6\ G3D emission must be used only by one-board stations for maneuvering
  or navigation.
\7\ Frequencies used for cable repair operations. See Sec.  80.375(b).
\8\ For direction finding requirements see Sec.  80.375.
\9\ Includes distress emissions used by ship, coast, EPIRB's and
  survival craft stations.
\10\ On 500 kHz and 2182 kHz A1B, A2B, H2B and J2B emissions indicate
  transmission of the auto alarm signals.
\11\ Ships on domestic voyages must use J3E emission only.
\12\ For frequencies 154.585 MHz, 159.480 MHz, 160.725 MHz, 160.785 MHz,
  454.000 MHz and 459.000 MHz, authorized for offshore radiolocation and
  related telecommand operations.
\13\ Class C EPIRB stations may not be used after February 1, 1999.
\14\ NB-DP operations which are not in accordance with CCIR
  Recommendation 625 or 476 are permitted to utilize any modulation, so
  long as emissions are within the limits set forth in Sec.  80.211(f).


[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986; as amended at 52 
FR 7418, Mar. 11, 1987; 52 FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987; 53 FR 8905, Mar. 
18, 1988; 53 FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988; 54 FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989; 54 
FR 49993, Dec. 4, 1989; 56 FR 11516, Mar. 19, 1991; 57 FR 43407, Sept. 
21, 1992; 58 FR 33344, June 17, 1993; 62 FR 40305, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 
36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.209  Transmitter frequency tolerances.

    (a) The frequency tolerance requirements applicable to transmitters 
in the maritime services are shown in the following table. Tolerances 
are given as parts in 10\6\ unless shown in Hz.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Frequency bands and categories of stations          Tolerances\1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Band 100-525 kHz:
  (i) Coast stations:
    For single sideband emissions.........  20 Hz.
    For transmitters with narrow-band       10 Hz.\2\
     direct printing and data emissions.
    For transmitters with digital           10 Hz.
     selective calling emissions.
    For all other emissions...............  100
  (ii) Ship stations:
    For transmitters with single sideband   20 Hz.
     emissions approved before November
     30, 1977.
    For transmitters with other emissions   1000.\5\
     approved before November 30, 1977.
    For transmitters with narrow-band       10 Hz.\2\
     direct printing and data emissions.
    For transmitters with digital           10 Hz.\3\
     selective calling emissions.
    For all other transmitters approved     20 Hz.
     after November 29, 1977.
  (iii) Ship stations for emergency only:
    For transmitters approved before        3000.\5\
     November 30, 1977.
    For all transmitters approved after     20 Hz.
     November 29, 1977.
  (iv) Survival craft stations:
    For transmitters approved before        5000.\5\
     November 30, 1977.
    For transmitters approved after         20 Hz.
     November 29, 1977.
  (v) Radiodetermination stations:
    For all emissions.....................  100.

[[Page 51]]

 
(2) Band 1600-4000 kHz:
  (i) Coast Stations and Alaska fixed
   stations:
    For single sideband and facsimile.....  20 Hz.
    For narrow-band direct-printing and     10 Hz.\2\
     data emissions.
    For digital selective calling           10 Hz.
     emissions.
    For all other emissions...............  50.
  (ii) Ship stations:
    For transmitters with narrow-band       10 Hz.\2\
     direct printing and data emissions.
    For transmitters with digital           10 Hz.\3\
     selective calling emissions.
    For all other transmitters............  20 Hz.
  (iii) Survival craft stations:            20 Hz.
  (iv) Radiodetermination stations:
    With power 200W or less...............  20.
    With power above 200W.................  10.
(3) Band 4000-27500 kHz:
  (i) Coast stations and Alaska fixed
   stations:
    For single sideband and facsimile       20 Hz.
     emissions.
    For narrow-band direct printing and     10 Hz.\2\
     data emissions.
    For digital selective calling           10 Hz.
     emissions.
    For Morse telegraphy emissions........  10.
    For all other emissions...............  15.
  (ii) Ship stations:
    For transmitters with narrow-band       10 Hz.\2\
     direct printing and data emissions.
    For transmitters with digital           10 Hz.\3\
     selective calling emissions.
    For all other transmitters............  20 Hz.
  (iii) Survival craft stations:            50 Hz.
(4) Band 72-76 MHz:
  (i) Fixed stations:
    Operating in the 72.0-73.0 and 75.4-    5.
     76.0 MHz bands.
    Operating in the 73.0-74.6 MHz band...  50.
(5) Band 156-162 MHz:
  (i) Coast stations:
    For stations licensed to operate with
     a carrier power:.
      Below 3 watts.......................  10.
      3 to 100 watts......................  \7\ 5.
  (ii) Ship stations......................  10.\4\
  (iii) Survival craft stations operating   50.
   on 121.500 MHz.
  (iv) EPIRBs:
    Operating on 121.500 and 243.000 MHz..  50.
    Operating on 156.750 and 156.800 MHz    10.
     \6\.
(6) Band 216-220 MHz
  (i) Coast Stations:
    For all emissions.....................  5.
  (ii) Ship stations:
    For all emissions.....................  5.
(7) Band 400-466 MHz:
  (i) EPIRBs operating on 406.025 MHz.....  5.
  (ii) On-board stations..................  5.
  (iii) Radiolocation and telecommand       5.
   stations.
(8) Band 1626.5-1646.5 MHz:
  (i) Ship earth stations.................  5.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Transmitters authorized prior to January 2, 1990, with frequency
  tolerances equal to or better than those required after this date will
  continue to be authorized in the maritime services provided they
  retain approval and comply with the applicable standards in this part.
 
\2\ The frequency tolerance for narrow-band direct printing and data
  transmitters installed before January 2, 1992, is 15 Hz for coast
  stations and 20 Hz for ship stations. The frequency tolerance for
  narrow-band direct printing and data transmitters approved or
  installed after January 1, 1992, is 10 Hz.
\3\ Until February 2, 1999, the frequency tolerance for DSC ship station
  transmitters in the MF and HF bands that were installed before January
  2, 1992, is 20 Hz. The frequency tolerance for DSC ship station
  transmitters in the MF and HF bands type accepted or installed after
  January 1, 1992, is 10 Hz. After February 1, 1999, the frequency
  tolerance for all DSC ship station transmitters in the MF and HF bands
  (regardless of installation date) is 10 Hz.
\4\ For transmitters in the radiolocation and associated telecommand
  service operating on 154.585 MHz, 159.480 MHz, 160.725 MHz and 160.785
  MHz the frequency tolerance is 15 parts in 106.
\5\ This frequency tolerance applies to ship station transmitters until
  February 1, 1999. Thereafter, the frequency tolerance is 20 Hz.
\6\ Class C EPIRB stations may not be used after February 1, 1999.
\7\ For transmitters operated at private coast stations with antenna
  heights less than 6 meters (20 feet) above ground and output power of
  25 watts or less the frequency tolerance is 10 parts in 10.\6\

    (b) When pulse modulation is used in land and ship radar stations 
operating in the bands above 2.4 GHz the frequency at which maximum 
emission occurs must be within the authorized bandwidth and must not be 
closer than 1.5/T MHz to the upper and lower limits of the authorized 
bandwidth where ``T'' is the pulse duration in microseconds. In the band 
14.00-14.05 GHz the center frequency must not vary more than 10 MHz from 
14.025 GHz.
    (c) For stations in the maritime radiodetermination service, other 
than ship radar stations, the authorized frequency tolerance will be 
specified on the license when it is not specified in this part.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 7418, Mar. 11, 1987; 53 
FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988; 54 FR 49994, Dec. 4, 1989; 57 FR 26778, June 
16, 1992; 58 FR 33344, June 17, 1993; 62 FR 40306, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 
36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.211  Emission limitations.

    The emissions must be attenuated according to the following 
schedule.
    (a) The mean power when using emissions H3E, J3E and R3E:
    (1) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent up to and including 150 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth:

    at least 25 dB for transmitters installed before February 1, 1992,
    at least 28 dB for transmitters installed on or after February 1, 
1992;

    (2) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than

[[Page 52]]

150 percent up to and including 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: 
At least 35 dB; and
    (3) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: At least 43 plus 
10log10 (mean power in watts) dB.
    (b) For transmitters operating in the band 1626.5-1646.5 MHz. In any 
4 kHz band the mean power of emissions shall be attenuated below the 
mean output power of the transmitter as follows:
    (1) Where the center frequency is removed from the assigned 
frequency by more than 50 percent up to and including 100 percent of the 
authorized bandwidth: At least 25 dB;
    (2) Where the center frequency is removed from the assigned 
frequency by more than 100 percent up to 250 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth: At least 35 dB; and
    (3) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: At least 43 plus 
10log10 (mean power in watts) dB.
    (c) In any 4 kHz band the peak power of spurious emissions and noise 
at the input to the transmit antenna must be attenuated below the peak 
output power of the station as follows:
    (1) 125 dB at 1525.0 MHz, increasing linearly to 90 dB at 1612.5 
MHz;
    (2) 90 dB at 1612.5 MHz increasing linearly to 60 dB at 1624.0 MHz;
    (3) 90 dB from 1624.0 MHz to 1650.0 MHz, except at frequencies near 
the transmitted carrier where the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) 
through (3) of this section, apply;
    (4) 60 dB at 1650.0 MHz decreasing linearly to 90 dB at 1662.5 MHz;
    (5) 90 dB at 1662.5 MHz decreasing linearly to 125 dB at 1752.5 MHz; 
and
    (6) 125 dB outside above range, except for harmonics which must 
comply with (b)(3) of this section.
    (d) The mean power of emissions from radiotelephone survival craft 
transmitters, 9 GHz search and rescue transponders, and radiotelegraph 
survival craft transmitters must be attenuated below the mean output 
power of the transmitter as follows:
    (1) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent, up to and including 100 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth: at least 25 dB;
    (2) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 100 percent of the authorized bandwidth: at least 30 dB.
    (e) The mean power of EPIRBs operating on 121.500 MHz, 243.000 MHz 
and 406.025 MHz must be as follows:
    (1) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent, up to and including 100 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth: At least 25 dB;
    (2) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 100 percent: at least 30 dB.
    (f) The mean power when using emissions other than those in 
paragraphs (a), (b), (c) and (d) of this section:
    (1) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent up to and including 100 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth: At least 25 dB;
    (2) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 100 percent up to and including 250 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth: At least 35 dB; and
    (3) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: At least 43 plus 
10log10 (mean power in watts) dB.
    (g) Developmental stations must conform to the standards for regular 
authorized stations.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989; 
54 FR 49994, Dec. 4, 1989; 56 FR 11516, Mar. 19, 1991; 62 FR 40306, July 
28, 1997]



Sec. 80.213  Modulation requirements.

    (a) Transmitters must meet the following modulation requirements:
    (1) When double sideband emission is used the peak modulation must 
be maintained between 75 and 100 percent;
    (2) When phase or frequency modulation is used in the 156-162 MHz 
band the peak modulation must be maintained between 75 and 100 percent. 
A frequency deviation of  5 kHz is defined as 100 percent 
peak modulation; and
    (3) In single sideband operation the upper sideband must be 
transmitted. Single sideband transmitters must automatically limit the 
peak envelope

[[Page 53]]

power to their authorized operating power and meet the requirements in 
Sec. 80.207(c).
    (b) Radiotelephone transmitters using A3E, F3E and G3E emission must 
have a modulation limiter to prevent any modulation over 100 percent. 
This requirement does not apply to survival craft transmitters, to 
transmitters that do not require a license or to transmitters whose 
output power does not exceed 3 watts.
    (c) Coast station transmitters operated in the 72.0-73.0 MHz and 
75.4-76.0 MHz bands must be equipped with an audio low-pass filter. The 
filter must be installed between the modulation limiter and the 
modulated radio frequency stage. At frequencies between 3 kHz and 15 kHz 
it must have an attenuation greater than at 1 kHz by at least 
40log10 (f/3) dB where ``f'' is the frequency in kilohertz. 
At frequencies above 15 kHz the attenuation must be at least 28 dB 
greater than at 1 kHz.
    (d) Ship and coast station transmitters operating in the 156-162 MHz 
band must be capable of proper operation with a frequency deviation of 
 5 kHz when using any emission authorized by Sec. 80.207 of 
this part.
    (e) Coast station transmitters operated in the 156-162 MHz band must 
be equipped with an audio low-pass filter. The filter must be installed 
between the modulation limiter and the modulated radio frequency stage. 
At frequencies between 3 kHz and 20 kHz it must have an attenuation 
greater than at 1 kHz by at least 60log10(f/3) dB where ``f'' 
is the audio frequency in kilohertz. At frequencies above 20 kHz the 
attenuation must be at least 50 dB greater than at 1 kHz.
    (f) Radiodetermination ship stations operating on 154.585 MHz, 
159.480 MHz, 160.725 MHz, 160.785 MHz, 454.000 MHz and 459.000 MHz must 
employ a duty cycle with a maximum transmission period of 60 seconds 
followed by a minimum quiescent period four times the duration of the 
transmission period.
    (g) Radar stations operating in the bands above 2.4 GHz may use any 
type of modulation consistent with the bandwidth requirements in 
Sec. 80.209(b).
    (h) Radar transponder coast stations using the 2920-3100 MHz or 
9320-9500 MHz band must operate in a variable frequency mode and respond 
on their operating frequencies with a maximum error equivalent to 100 
meters. Additionally, their response must be encoded with a Morse 
character starting with a dash. The duration of a Morse dot is defined 
as equal to the width of a space and \1/3\ of the width of a Morse dash. 
The duration of the response code must not exceed 50 microseconds. The 
sensitivity of the stations must be adjustable so that received signals 
below -10 dBm at the antenna will not activate the transponder. Antenna 
polarization must be horizontal when operating in the 9320-9500 MHz band 
and either horizontal or both horizontal and vertical when operating in 
the 2920-3100 MHz band. Racons using frequency agile transmitting 
techniques must include circuitry designed to reduce interference caused 
by triggering from radar antenna sidelobes.
    (i) Variable frequency ship station transponders operating in the 
2920-3100 MHz or 9320-9500 MHz band that are not used for search and 
rescue purposes must meet the following requirements:
    (1) Non-selectable transponders must have the following 
characteristics:
    (i) They must respond on all their frequencies with a maximum range 
error equivalent to 100 meters;
    (ii) They must use a Morse encoding of ``PS'' (dot-dash-dash-dot, 
dot-dot-dot), meaning ``You should not come any closer''. The width of a 
Morse dot is defined as equal to the width of a space and \1/3\ of the 
width of a Morse dash;
    (iii) When they employ swept frequency techniques they must not 
transmit on any frequency for more than 10 seconds in any 120 second 
period;
    (iv) Any range offset of their response must occur during their 
pause on the fixed frequency;
    (v) The duration of the response code must not exceed 50 
microseconds;
    (vi) The sensitivity of the stations must be adjustable so that 
received signals below -10 dBm at the antenna input will not activate 
the transponder;
    (vii) Antenna polarization must be horizontal when operating in the 
9320-9500 MHz band and either horizontal or

[[Page 54]]

both horizontal and vertical when operating in the 2920-3100 MHz band.
    (viii) Transponders using frequency agile techniques must include 
circuitry designed to reduce interference caused by triggering from 
radar antenna sidelobes.
    (2) Selectable transponders must be authorized under part 5 of the 
Commission's rules until standards for their use are developed.
    (j) The transmitted signals of search and rescue transponders must 
cause to appear on a radar display a series of at least 20 equally 
spaced dots.
    (k) The modulation requirements for EPIRB's are contained in subpart 
V.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 7418, Mar. 11, 1987; 52 
FR 28825, Aug. 4, 1987; 54 FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989; 57 FR 43407, Sept. 
21, 1992; 65 FR 77824, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.215  Transmitter power.

    (a) Transmitter power shown on the radio station authorization is 
the maximum power the licensee is authorized to use. Power is expressed 
in the following terms:
    (1) For single sideband emission: Peak evelope power;
    (2) For G3E emission: Carrier power;
    (3) For PON and F3N emission: Mean power;
    (4) For all emissions in the 1626.5-1646.5 MHz band: equivalent 
isotropic radiated power.
    (5) For all other emissions: the carrier power multiplied by 1.67.
    (b) Coast station frequencies below 27500 kHz. The maximum power 
must not exceed the values listed below.
    (1) Public coast stations, except Alaska:
    (i) Radiotelegraphy:

100-160 kHz--80kW
405-525 kHz--40kW
2035-2065 kHz--6.6kW
4000-8000 kHz--10kW
8000-9000 kHz--20kW
12000-27500 kHz--30kW

    (ii) Radiotelephony:

2000-4000 kHz--day--800W
2000-4000 kHz--night--400W
4000-27500 kHz--10kW

    (2) Private coast stations, except in Alaska: 1kW
    (3) Coast stations in Alaska, public and private:

405-525 kHz--265W
1605-12000 kHz--150W
    (c) Coast station frequencies above 27500 kHz. The maximum power 
must not exceed the values listed below.
    (1) Coast stations:
156-162 MHz--50W \1\,\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Maximum authorized power at the input terminals of the station 
antenna.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

216-220 MHz \2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ See paragraph (h) of this section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Marine utility stations:
156-162 MHz--10W
    (d) Ship station frequencies below 27500 kHz. The maximum power must 
not exceed the values listed below:
    (1) Radiotelegraphy: All ships--2kW \3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ For passenger ships 5000 gross tons and over--8kW. For cable-
repair ships operating on radiodetermination frequencies, 15 watts; see 
Sec. 80.375(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Radiotelephony:
    (i) All ships--Great Lakes and Inland Waters--150W
    (ii) All ships--Open waters; 2000-4000 kHz--150W
2182 kHz--emergency, urgency, or safety ship to shore--400W \4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ For passenger ships 5000 gross tons and over--1kW.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (iii) All ships--Open waters; 4000-27500 kHz--1.5kW \5\.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ For passenger ships 5,000 gross tons and over 3kW.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (3) Digital selective calling:
All ships 415-526.5 kHz--400 W
All ships 1605-4000 kHz--400 W
All ships 4000-27500 kHz--1.5 kW
    (e) Ship stations frequencies above 27500 kHz. The maximum power 
must not exceed the values listed below.
    (1) Ship stations 156-162 MHz--25W \6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ Reducible to 1 watt or less, except for transmitters limited to 
public correspondence channels and used in an automated system.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Marine utility stations and hand-held portable transmitters 156-162 
MHz--10W
    (2) Ship stations 216-220 MHz--25W \7\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ [Reserved]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (3) On board stations 456-468 MHz--4W \8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ Certification based on a carrier power of 4 watts with 
transmitter connected to a dummy load of matching impedance. The 
effective radiated power must not exceed 2 watts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (4) Ship earth stations 1626.5-1646.5 MHz \9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ See paragraph (k) of this section.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 55]]

    (5) Ship radar stations with F3N emission--200 mW
    (6) EPIRB--121.500 and 243.00 MHz \10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ See subpart V of this part.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (7) EPIRB--156.750 and 156.800 MHz \10\
    (f) Fixed stations. The maximum power must not exceed the values+ 
listed below.
    (1) Maritime support (receiver test):
R3E and J3C emission--150W
F3E emission--50W
    (2) Operational fixed: 72-76 MHz and above 162 MHz \11\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ See paragraph (l) of this section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (3) Alaska--Private fixed:\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ The frequencies 156.375 MHz and 156.650 MHz are primarily 
intership frequencies. When authorized for coast stations on a secondary 
basis, the normal output power must not exceed 1 watt and the maximum 
output power must not exceed 10 watts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

10-200 kHz--650W
405-525 kHz--265W
1605-12000 kHz--150W
    (4) Alaska--Public fixed:
405-525 kHz--1kW
1605-12000 kHz--1kW
    (g) The carrier power of ship station radiotelephone transmitters, 
except portable transmitters, operating in the 156-162 MHz band must be 
at least 8 but not more than 25 watts. Transmitters that use 12 volt 
lead acid storage batteries as a primary power source must be measured 
with a primary voltage between 12.2 and 13.7 volts DC. Additionally, 
unless otherwise indicated, equipment in radiotelephone ship stations 
operating in the 156-162 MHz band must meet the following requirements:
    (1) All transmitters must be capable of reducing the carrier power 
to one watt or less;
    (2) All remote control units that are used with transmitters 
manufactured after August 31, 1979, or installed after February 29, 
1980, must be capable of causing the carrier power to be reduced to one 
watt or less;
    (3) Except as indicated in (4) of this paragraph, all transmitters 
manufactured after January 21, 1987, or in use after January 21, 1997, 
must automatically reduce the carrier power to one watt or less when the 
transmitter is tuned to 156.375 MHz or 156.650 MHz, and must be provided 
with a manual override switch which when held by an operator will permit 
full carrier power operation on 156.375 MHz and 156.650 MHz;
    (4) Hand-held portable transmitters are not required to comply with 
the automatic reduction of carrier power in (g)(3) of this section; and
    (5) Transmitters dedicated for use on public correspondence duplex 
channels as additional equipment to a VHF ship station in the Great 
Lakes which meet all pertinent rules in this part are not required to 
reduce their carrier power to one watt.
    (h) Coast stations in an AMTS may radiate as follows, subject to the 
condition that no harmful interference will be caused to television 
reception except that TV services authorized subsequent to the filing of 
the AMTS station application will not be protected.
    (1) When located more than 169 kilometers (105 miles) from the 
antenna of a Channel 13 TV station and more than 129 kilometers (80 
miles) from the antenna of a channel 10 station, the ERP of coast 
stations having an antenna height of 61 meters (200 feet) or less above 
ground must not exceed 1000 watts.
    (2) Coast stations located less than 169 kilometers (105 miles) from 
a channel 13 TV station, or less than 129 kilometers (80 miles) from a 
channel 10 TV station, or when using a transmitting antenna height above 
ground greater than 61 meters (200 feet), must submit a plan to limit 
interference to TV reception, unless the station's predicted 
interference contour is fully encompassed by the composite interference 
contour of the system's existing stations, or the station's predicted 
interference contour extends the system's composite interference contour 
over water only (disregarding uninhabited islands). The plan must 
include:
    (i) A description of the interference contour with indentification 
of the method used to determine this contour; and
    (ii) A statement concerning the number of residences within the 
interference contour. The interference contour includes only areas 
inside the TV grade B contour with the latter determined assuming 
maximum permissible TV antenna height and power for broadcast stations 
and the actual facility parameters for translators and low

[[Page 56]]

power TV stations. See part 73, subpart E of this chapter for further 
information on TV grade B contour determination.
    (3) When located as described in paragraph (h)(2) of this section, 
the coast station (or stations affecting the same TV Grade B contour) 
will be authorized if the applicant's plan has limited the interference 
contour(s) to fewer than 100 residences or if the applicant:
    (i) Shows that the proposed site is the only suitable location;
    (ii) Develops a plan to control any interference caused to TV 
reception within the Grade B contour from its operations; and
    (iii) Agrees to make such adjustments in the TV receivers affected 
as may be necessary to eliminate interference caused by its operations.
    (4) The applicant must eliminate any interference caused by its 
operation to TV reception within the Grade B contour that might develop 
within 90 days of the time it is notified in writing by the Commission. 
If this interference is not removed within the 90-day period, operation 
of the coast station must be discontinued. The licensee is expected to 
help resolve all complaints of interference, whether inside or outside 
the Grade B contour.
    (5) The transmitter power, as measured at the input terminals to the 
station antenna, must be 50 watts or less.
    (i) A ship station must have a transmitter output not exceeding 25 
watts and an ERP not exceeding 18 watts. The maximum transmitter output 
power is permitted to be increased to 50 watts under the following 
conditions:
    (1) Increases exceeding 25 watts are made only by radio command from 
the controlling coast stations; and
    (2) The application for an equipment authorization demonstrates that 
the transmitter output power is 25 watts or less when external radio 
commands are not present.
    (j) A ship installation with a transmitter output power exceeding 25 
watts under the conditions of paragraph (i) of this section is exempted 
from the limitation of 18 watts ERP when operating in specific 
geographical areas identified in a plan for the use of higher power.
    (k) Within the 1626.5-1646.5 MHz band the maximum e.i.r.p by a ship 
earth station in any direction in the horizontal plane or in the 
direction of the space station must not exceed +40 dB relative to one 
watt in any 4 kHz band in the main beam, except upon a satisfactory 
showing of need for greater power, in which case a maximum of +55 dB 
relative to one watt may be authorized.
    (l) For operational fixed stations using frequencies in the 72-76 
MHz band and for other classes of stations operating above 162.025 MHz, 
the transmitter power must be specified in the station authorization. 
Frequencies in the 72-76 MHz band are listed in Sec. 80.381. The 
operational requirements for 72-76 MHz are contained in subpart L of 
this part.
    (m) For radiodetermination transmitters using A1D, A2D, F1D, F2D, 
G1D and G2D emissions on 154.585 MHz, 159.480 MHz, 160.725 MHz, 160.785 
MHz, 454.000 MHz and 459.000 MHz the mean output power of the 
unmodulated carrier must not exceed 25 watts.
    (n) For radiodetermination stations operating above 2400 MHz the 
output power must be as follows:
    (1) For radar stations that use F3N emission the mean output power 
must not exceed 200 milliwatts;
    (2) For search and rescue stations the output power must be at least 
400 milliwatts peak e.i.r.p.
    (3) For all other transponder stations the output power must not 
exceed 20 watts peak e.i.r.p. Licensees of non-selectable transponder 
coast stations operating in the 2920-3100 MHz and 9320-9500 MHz bands 
must notify in writing the USCG District Commander of any incremental 
increase of their station's output power above 5 watts peak e.i.r.p.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 7419, Mar. 11, 1987; 52 
FR 35244, Sept. 18, 1987; 54 FR 40058, Sept. 29, 1989; 54 FR 49994, Dec. 
4, 1989; 56 FR 3783, Jan. 31, 1991; 59 FR 35269, July 11, 1994; 63 FR 
36606, July 7, 1998; 65 FR 77824, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.217  Suppression of interference aboard ships.

    (a) A voluntarily equipped ship station receiver must not cause 
harmful

[[Page 57]]

interference to any receiver required by statute or treaty.
    (b) The electromagnetic field from receivers required by statute or 
treaty must not exceed the following value at a distance over sea water 
of one nautical mile from the receiver:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Field
                                                               intensity
             Frequency of interfering emissions                   in
                                                              microvolts
                                                               per meter
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Below 30 MHz................................................         0.1
30 to 100 MHz...............................................          .3
100 to 300 MHz..............................................         1.0
Over 300 MHz................................................         3.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------


or

    Deliver not more than the following amounts of power, to an 
artificial antenna having electrical characteristics equivalent to those 
of the average receiving antenna(s) use on shipboard:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Power to
                                                              artificial
             Frequency of interfering emissions               antenna in
                                                              microwatts
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Below 30 MHz................................................         400
30 to 100 MHz...............................................       4,000
100 to 300 MHz..............................................      40,000
Over 300 MHz................................................     400,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 80.219  Special requirements for narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP) equipment.

    NB-DP and data transmission equipment installed in ship and coast 
stations before October 1, 1990, that operates on the frequencies in the 
4,000-27,500 kHz bands must be capable of operation in accordance with 
the technical requirements of either CCIR Recommendation 476 or CCIR 
Recommendation 625 and may be used indefinitely. Equipment installed on 
or after October 1, 1990, must be capable of operation in accordance 
with the technical requirements of CCIR Recommendation 625. NB-DP and 
data transmission equipment are additionally permitted to utilize any 
modulation, so long as emissions are within the limits set forth in 
Sec. 80.211(f) and the equipment is also capable of operation in 
accordance with CCIR recommendation 625.

[62 FR 40306, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.221  Special requirements for automatically generating the radiotelephone alarm signal.

    (a) Each device for automatically generating the radiotelephone 
alarm signal must be capable of being disabled to permit the immediate 
transmission of a distress call and message.
    (b) The device must comply with the following requirements:
    (1) The frequency tolerance of each tone must be 1.5 
percent;
    (2) The duration tolerance of each tone must be 50 
milliseconds;
    (3) The interval between successive tones must not exceed 50 
milliseconds; and
    (4) The amplitude ratio of the tones must be flat within 1.6 dB.
    (c) Devices installed on or after January 1, 1983, must comply with 
the following requirements:
    (1) The frequency tolerance of each tone must be 1.5 
percent;
    (2) The duration tolerance of each tone must be 10 
milliseconds;
    (3) The interval between successive tones must not exceed 4 
milliseconds;
    (4) The amplitude ratio of the tones must be flat within 1.6 dB;
    (5) The output of the device must be sufficient to modulate the 
associated transmitter for H2B emission to at least 70 percent, and for 
J2B emission to within 3 dB of the rated peak envelope power;
    (6) Light from the device must not interfere with the safe 
navigation of the ship;
    (7) After activation the device must automatically generate the 
radiotelephone alarm signal for not less than 30 seconds and not more 
than 60 seconds unless manually interrupted;
    (8) After generating the radiotelephone alarm signal or after manual 
interruption the device must be immediately ready to repeat the signal;
    (9) The transmitter must be automatically switched from the stand-by 
condition to the transmit condition at the start and return to the 
stand-by condition at the conclusion of the radiotelephone alarm signal.

[[Page 58]]

    (d) Any device used by a station to automatically generate the 
radiotelephone alarm signal must be certificated by the Commission.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989; 
63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.223  Special requirements for survival craft stations.

    (a) Survival craft stations capable of transmitting on:
    (1) 500 kHz must be able to operate with class A2A and A2B or H2A 
and H2B emissions;
    (2) 2182 kHz must be able to operate with A2B and A3E or H2B and H3E 
and J2B and J3E emissions;
    (3) 8364 kHz must be able to operate with class A2A or H2A emission; 
and
    (4) 121.500 MHz must be able to operate with A3E or A3N emission.
    (b) Survival craft stations must be able to receive the frequency 
and types of emission which the transmitter is capable of using. Where 
the transmitter frequency is 8364 kHz the receiver must be able to 
receive A1A, A2A and H2A emissions throughout the 8320-8745 kHz band.
    (c) Survival craft transmitters operating on 500 kHz or on 8364 kHz 
must be able to be manually keyed. If provisions are made for 
automatically transmitting the radiotelegraph alarm signal or the 
radiotelegraph distress signal, such provisions must meet the 
requirements in subpart F of this part.
    (d) Any EPIRB carried as part of a survival craft station must 
comply with the specific technical and performance requirements for its 
class contained in subpart V of this chapter.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 53 FR 8905, Mar. 18, 1988; 53 
FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988; 56 FR 11516, Mar. 19, 1991]



Sec. 80.225  Requirements for selective calling equipment.

    This section specifies the requirements for voluntary digital 
selective calling (DSC) equipment and selective calling equipment 
installed in ship and coast stations. Reference to any CCIR 
Recommendation in this section is to the most recent CCIR approved 
Recommendation that does not prevent the use of existing equipment.
    (a) DSC equipment voluntarily installed in coast or ship stations 
must meet either the requirements of CCIR Recommendation 493 (including 
only equipment classes A, B, D, and E) or RTCM Paper 56-95/SC101-STD. 
DSC equipment must not be used with the sensors referred to in 
Sec. 80.179(e)(2). DSC equipment used on compulsorily fitted ships must 
meet the requirements contained in subpart W for GMDSS.
    (b) Manufacturers of Class C DSC equipment to be used on United 
States vessels must affix a clearly discernible permanent plate or label 
visible from the operating controls containing the following:

    Warning. This equipment is designed to generate a digital maritime 
distress and safety signal to facilitate search and rescue. To be 
effective as a safety device, this equipment must be used only within 
communication range of a shore-based VHF marine channel 70 distress and 
safety watch system. The range of the signal may vary but under normal 
conditions should be approximately 20 nautical miles.

    (c) Selective calling equipment, other than that designed in 
accordance with paragraph (a) of this section, is authorized as follows:
    (1) Equipment used in conjunction with the Automated Maritime 
Telecommunications System (AMTS) in the band 216-220 MHz,
    (2) Equipment used to perform a selective calling function during 
narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP) operations in accordance with CCIR 
Recommendation 476 or 625, and
    (3) Equipment functioning under the provisions of Sec. 80.207(a) 
includes the brief use of radiotelegraphy, including keying only the 
modulating audio frequency, tone signals, and other signalling devices 
to establish or maintain communications provided that:
    (i) These signalling techniques are not used on frequencies 
designated for general purpose digital selective calling (DSC) and 
distress and safety DSC calling as listed in Sec. 80.359;
    (ii) The authorized radiotelephone emission bandwidth is not 
exceeded;
    (iii) Documentation of selective calling protocols must be available 
to the general public; and,

[[Page 59]]

    (iv) Harmful interference is not caused to stations operating in 
accordance with the International Radio Regulations.

[54 FR 10009, Mar. 9, 1989, as amended at 62 FR 40306, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.227  Special requirements for protection from RF radiation.

    As part of the information provided with transmitters for ship earth 
stations, manufacturers of each such unit must include installation and 
operating instructions to help prevent human exposure to radiofrequency 
(RF) radiation in excess of the RF exposure guidelines specified in 
Sec. 1.1307(b) of the Commission's Rules.

[53 FR 28225, July 27, 1988]



Sec. 80.229  Special requirements for automatic link establishment (ALE).

    Brief signalling for the purposes of measuring the quality of a 
radio channel and thereafter establishing communication shall be 
permitted within the 2 MHz-30 MHz band. Public coast stations providing 
high seas service are authorized by rule to use such signalling under 
the following conditions:
    (a) The transmitter power shall not exceed 100 W ERP;
    (b) Transmissions must sweep linearly in frequency at a rate of at 
least 60 kHz per second, occupying any 3 kHz bandwidth for less than 50 
milliseconds;
    (c) The transmitter shall scan the band no more than four times per 
hour;
    (d) Transmissions within 6 kHz of the following protected 
frequencies and frequency bands must not exceed 10 W peak ERP:
    (1) Protected frequencies (kHz)

2091.0         4188.0         6312.0         12290.0        16420.0
2174.5         4207.5         8257.0         12392.0        16522.0
2182.0         5000.0         8291.0         12520.0        16695.0
2187.5         5167.5         8357.5         12563.0        16750.0
2500.0         5680.0         8364.0         12577.0        16804.5
3023.0         6215.0         8375.0         15000.0        20000.0
4000.0         6268.0         8414.5         16000.0        25000.0
4177.5         6282.0         10000.0
 

    (2) Protected bands (kHz)

4125.0-4128.0
8376.25-8386.75
13360.0-13410.0
25500.0-25670.0

    (e) The instantaneous signal, which refers to the peak power that 
would be measured with the frequency sweep stopped, along with spurious 
emissions generated from the sweeping signal, must be attenuated below 
the peak carrier power (in watts) as follows:
    (1) On any frequency more than 5 Hz from the instantaneous carrier 
frequency, at least 3 dB;
    (2) On any frequency more than 250 Hz from the instantaneous carrier 
frequency, at least 40 dB; and
    (3) On any frequency more than 7.5 kHz from the instantaneous 
carrier frequency, at least 43 + 10log10 (peak power in 
watts) db.

[62 FR 40307, July 28, 1997]



         Subpart F--Equipment Authorization for Compulsory Ships



Sec. 80.251  Scope.

    (a) This subpart gives the general technical requirements for 
certification of equipment used on compulsory ships. Such equipment 
includes radiotelegraph transmitters, radiotelegraph auto alarms, 
automatic-alarm-signal keying devices, survival craft radio equipment, 
watch receivers, and radar.
    (b) The equipment described in this subpart must be certificated.
    (c) The term transmitter means the transmitter unit and all 
auxiliary equipment necessary to make this unit operate as a main or 
emergency transmitter in a ship station at sea. Each separate motor-
generator, rectifier, or other unit required to convert the ship primary 
power to the phase, frequency, or voltage necessary to energize the 
transmitter unit is considered a component of the transmitter.
    (d) Average ship station antenna means an actual antenna installed 
on board ship having a capacitance of 750 picofarads and an effective 
resistance of 4 ohms at a frequency of 500 kHz, or an artificial antenna 
having the same electrical characteristics.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]

[[Page 60]]



Sec. 80.253  Technical requirements for main transmitter.

    (a) The following table gives the operating carrier frequency, 
emission, modulation and average ship station antenna power requirements 
for the main transmitter.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Frequency
                      tolerance                           Percentage         Modulation       Power into average
    Operating    -------------------     Class of       modulation for      frequency for        ship station
 frequency (kHz)  Parts \1\              emission          amplitude          amplitude            antenna
                  in 10 \6\  Hz \2\                       modulation         modulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500 kHz.........    1,000      20    A2A and A2B or    Not less than     At least 1          Not less than 200
                                      H2A and H2B.      70; not more      frequency between   watts.
                                                        than 100.         300 and 1250
                                                                          Hertz, except for
                                                                          transmittal
                                                                          installed after
                                                                          July 1, 1951, at
                                                                          least 1 frequency
                                                                          between 450 and
                                                                          1250 Hertz.
    Do..........    1,000      20    A1A or J2A......  ................  ..................  Not less than 160
                                                                                              watts.
410 and 2           1,000      20    A2A and A3N or    Not less than     At least 1          Not less than 200
 working                              H2A and H3N.      70; not more      frequency between   watts.
 frequencies in                                         than 100.         300 and 1250
 the band 415 to                                                          Hertz, except for
 525.                                                                     transmitters
                                                                          installed after
                                                                          July 1, 1951, at
                                                                          least 1 frequency
                                                                          between 450 and
                                                                          1250 Hertz.
    Do..........    1,000      20    A1A and N0N or    ................  ..................  Not less than 160
                                      J2A and J3N.                                            watts.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For equipment approved before November 30, 1977.
\2\ For equipment approved after November 29, 1977.

    (b) A main transmitter must operate at its required antenna power 
when adjusted to any required operating frequency and energized by the 
main power supply of the ship station or by an equivalent power supply.
    (c) A main transmitter must be equipped to measure (1) antenna 
current, (2) transmitter power supply voltages, and (3) anode or 
collector current(s).
    (d) The antenna power must be determined at the operating carrier 
frequency by the product of the antenna resistance and the square of the 
average antenna current, both measured at the same point in the antenna 
circuit at approximately ground potential.
    (e) A main transmitter producing more than 250 watts output power 
must have the output power reduced to not more than 150 watts when used 
for telegraphy. In stations where a separate telegraph transmitter 
operable on the same frequencies as the main transmitter with an output 
power of less than 250 watts, is installed, the power reduction 
requirement does not apply. Such separate transmitters must not obtain 
power from the emergency power supply.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.255  Technical requirements for reserve transmitter.

    (a) The following table describes the operating carrier frequency, 
emission, modulation and average ship station antenna power requirements 
for the reserve transmitter.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Frequency tolerance                       Percentage       Modulation for
    Operating    ---------------------     Class of       modulation for     frequency for       Power into an
 frequency (kHz)   Parts \1\               emission          amplitude         amplitude         average ship
                   in 10 \6\   Hz \2\                       modulation         modulation       station antenna
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500.............    \3\ 1,000    20    A2A and A2B or    Not less than     At least 1         Not less than 25
                                        H2A and H2B.      70; not more      frequency          watts.
                                                          100.              between 300 and
                                                                            1250 Hertz
                                                                            except for
                                                                            transmitters
                                                                            installed after
                                                                            July 1, 1951, at
                                                                            least 1
                                                                            frequency
                                                                            between 450 and
                                                                            1250 Hertz.

[[Page 61]]

 
410 and 1           \3\ 1,000    20    A2A and A3N or    ......do........  ......do.........  ......do
 working                                H2A and H3N.
 frequency in
 the band 415 to
 525.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For equipment approved before November 30, 1977.
\2\ For equipment approved after November 29, 1977.
\3\ Except for reserve transmitters whose use is confined solely to safety communications. Such transmitters
  must maintain a frequency tolerance of 3000 parts in 10.\6\

    (b) A reserve transmitter must operate at its required antenna power 
when adjusted to the operating frequency and energized by the reserve 
power supply of the ship station or by an equivalent power supply.
    (c) A reserve transmitter must be equipped to measure antenna 
current.
    (d) The antenna power must be determined at the operating carrier 
frequency by the product of the antenna resistance and the square of the 
average antenna current both measured at the same point in the antenna 
circuit at approximately gound potential.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.257  Manufacturing requirements for radiotelegraph automatic alarm receiver (auto alarm).

    (a) The auto alarm must consist of:
    (1) A radio receiver capable of receiving emissions of classes A1A, 
A1B, A2A, A2B, H2A, H2B, J2A, and J2B over the frequency range 496 
through 504 kHz.
    (i) The receiver must reject signals +106 dB above one microvolt at 
150 kHz from the center frequency and +88 dB above one 
microvolt at 40 kHz from the center frequency.
    (ii) The receiver must respond to signals from 100 microvolts to 1 
volt on the center frequency. There must be less than 6 dB variation in 
sensitivity from 496 kHz through 504 kHz.
    (2) A device capable of selecting the alarm signal specified under 
Sec. 80.259 (a) and (b).
    (3) A minimum of 3 audible alarm units to meet the three location 
installation requirements of Sec. 80.259(g).
    (4) A testing device to determine locally that the auto alarm system 
is operative.
    (b) The auto alarm may be constructed in one or more units but must 
be independent of the ship's regular radio receiving apparatus.
    (c) A telephone jack must be provided to permit reception by a 
telephone receiver.
    (d) Tuning and timing controls must not be accessible from the 
exterior of the device.
    (e) Once set into operation the audible alarms must continue to 
function until switches off in the principal radiotelegraph operating 
room.
    (f) A nonlocking or momentary-throw switch must be provided to 
permit temporary disconnection of the audible alarm on the bridge and in 
the operator's quarters when the auto alarm system is being tested.
    (g) A failure of the auto alarm power supply must activate the 
audible alarms.
    (h) The auto alarm must operate within specifications throughout the 
temperature range 0-50 degrees Celsius at relative humidities as high as 
95%.
    (i) The auto alarm must be protected from excessive currents, power 
supply reversals and voltage variations which could cause damage to any 
component.
    (j) The auto alarm must be capable of operating when subjected to 
vibrations having a frequency between 20 and 30 Hertz and an amplitude 
of 0.76 mm (0.03 inch) in a direction at an angle of 30 to 45 degrees 
with the base of the auto alarm.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44952, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.259  Technical requirements for radiotelegraph auto alarm receiver.

    (a) For certification the auto alarm in the absence of interference 
must be

[[Page 62]]

capable of being operated by four consecutive dashes whose length may 
vary from 6.0 to 3.5 seconds and the intervening spaces vary between 1.5 
seconds to 10 milliseconds. These types of auto alarms must not respond 
to dashes longer than 6.31 seconds or shorter than 3.33 seconds nor to 
intervening spaces longer than 1.58 seconds or shorter than 5 
milliseconds except as follows:
    (1) Non-digital types employing resistance-capacitance timing, 
approved before October 1, 1969, and placed in service on or before 
January 1, 1985, must not respond to dashes longer than 7.40 seconds or 
shorter than 2.80 seconds, nor to space intervals longer than 1.80 
seconds or shorter than 5 milliseconds.
    (2) Digital types employing a stable clock as the basic timing 
device, approved before May 1, 1968, and placed in service on or before 
December 1, 1975, may accept dashes whose lower limits extends down to 
3.0 seconds.
    (b) The auto alarm must operate with a signal of 100 microvolts RMS 
at 500 kHz applied to an artificial antenna consisting of a 20 
microhenry inductance, a 500 picofarad capacitor, and a 5 ohm resistor 
connected in series in the absence of any interference and without 
manual adjustment. It must be capable of operation under these 
conditions on the following classes of emission:
    (1) A1B;
    (2) A2B with a carrier modulated at any modulation percentage from 
30 through 100 percent with any modulation frequency from 300 through 
1350 Hertz; and
    (3) H2B with a carrier keyed and emitted at any power level from 3 
through 6 decibels below peak envelope power, with any modulation 
frequency from 300 through 1350 Hertz.
    (c) The auto alarm must operate with signal levels up to 1 volt 
under normal operating conditions.
    (d) The auto alarm warning device must not be activated by 
atmospherics or by any signal from the antenna other than the alarm 
signal.
    (e) The auto alarms must respond to the alarm signal through non-
continuous interference caused by atmospherics and powerful signals 
other than the alarm signal. In the presence of atmospherics or 
interfering signals, the auto alarm must automatically adjust itself 
within a reasonable time to the condition in which it can most readily 
distinguish the alarm signal.
    (f) The auto alarm must respond without adjustment and with 
practically uniform sensitivity to signals over a band extending no less 
than 4 kHz on each side of the 500 kHz radiotelegraph frequency and with 
a minimum attenuation of:

5 dB at 495.0 kHz and 505.0 kHz
40 dB at 487.0 kHz and 513.0 kHz
80 dB at 475.0 kHz and 525.0 kHz

    (g) When the auto alarm is activated it must sound continuously a 
warning in the radiotelegraph operating room, in the radio operator's 
cabin, and on the bridge.
    (h) The auto alarm must include a 500 kHz signal generator and a 
keying device which automatically disconnects the auto alarm from the 
antenna when an alarm signal of 100 microvolts is applied to test the 
auto alarm.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.261  Technical requirements for automatic-alarm-signal keying device.

    (a) The automatic-alarm-signal keying device may consist of one or 
more units.
    (b) The device must be designed to activate the keying circuits of 
any transmitter approved by the Commission for use as a main or reserve 
transmitter.
    (c) Timing-adjustment controls must not be accessible from the 
exterior of the device.
    (d) The device must be able to repeatedly transmit the alarm signal. 
For this purpose the dashes transmitted must have a duration of 3.8 to 
4.2 seconds, and spaces between each of the twelve dashes constituting a 
series must have a duration of 0.8 to 1.2 seconds. Spaces between each 
series of twelve dashes must have a duration of 0.8 second to one 
minute. This operation must be sustainable with power supply voltage 
variations of 15%.
    (e) A single control, protected to avoid accidental manipulation, 
must

[[Page 63]]

be provided for placing the device into full operation within 30 
seconds. Once in operation, the device must be capable of continuous 
operation without attention for a least one hour.
    (f) When the ``on-off'' control of the device is placed in the 
``off'' position, the keying circuit to the radio transmitter(s) must be 
automatically opened.
    (g) The automatic-alarm-signal keying device must be capable of 
operation from a power supply independent of ship power. It may operate 
from the radio station emergency power supply.
    (h) Instructions for adjustment of the device and the correct 
indication of any instrument incorporated to reveal improper operation 
must be inscribed on a plate mounted on the device in a position to be 
easily read by the operator.
    (i) The keying circuit must be capable of switching 0.75 amperes DC 
through a 32 ohms non-inductive resistance. If the automatic-alarm-
signal keying device is also intended to be used with transmitters 
requiring a keying circuit capability of 2 amperes DC through a 115 ohms 
non-inductive resistance, the keying circuit of the device must comply 
with this latter requirement.
    (j) The automatic-alarm-signal keying device must operate within 
specifications throughout the temperature range 0-50 degrees Celsius at 
relative humidities as high as 95%.
    (k) The automatic-alarm-signal keying device must be protected from 
excessive currents, power supply reversals and voltage variations which 
could cause damage to any component.
    (l) The automatic-alarm-signal keying device must be capable of 
operating when subjected to vibrations having a frequency between 20 and 
30 Hertz and an amplitude of 0.76 mm (0.03 inch) in a direction at an 
angle of 30 to 45 degrees with the base of the automatic-alarm-signal 
keying device.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44952, Aug. 25, 1993]



 Sec. 80.263  Common requirements for survival craft radio equipment.

    In addition to the requirements set forth in Secs. 80.265 and 
80.267, survival craft radio equipment must comply with the following:
    (a) The radio equipment must be operable without tools.
    (b) Each equipment must be provided with an instruction manual 
covering the design, installation, operation, and maintenance of the 
equipment.
    (c) Simple instructions for the operation of the equipment must be 
prominently and permanently attached to it. These instructions must 
include information about the erection of the antenna(s), and automatic 
and manual transmission of the international distress and alarm signals 
on 500 kHz.
    (d) An artificial antenna for test purposes must be provided.
    (e) The survival craft radio transmitter must meet the following:
    (1) Must be pretuned to the required frequencies. The operating 
frequencies must be maintained within the prescribed tolerances under 
varying voltages, antenna circuit characteristics, and other normal 
conditions of adjustment, and shock or vibration. The frequency control 
circuit adjustments must not be readily available to the person using 
the transmitter;
    (2) Antenna tuning controls must be provided on the operating panel. 
An initial adjustment of these controls must resonate the antenna 
circuit at each required operating radio frequency. Resonance must be 
maintained without further adjustment of the controls during a normal 
operating period of the transmitter;
    (3) The front panel must contain controls for manual operation on 
500 kHz, manual operation on 8364 kHz, and automatic operation 
alternately on these two frequencies. Not more than one manual switch 
adjustment must be necessary to transmit automatically. For manual 
radiotelegraphy the transmitter and receiver, including their controls, 
must be arranged so that they can be operated from the same operating 
position and the time necessary to change from transmission to 
recepition and vice versa must not exceed two seconds; and
    (4) In automatic operation the radio must:
    (i) On 500 kHz transmit the international radiotelegraph alarm 
signal

[[Page 64]]

followed by the international radiotelegraph distress signal, the latter 
to be transmitted in one or more separate groups, each group consisting 
of three separate distress signals;
    (ii) On 8364 kHz transmit the international radiotelegraph distress 
signal in one or more separate groups, each group consisting of three 
separate distress signals; this group or these groups to be followed by 
a continuous long dash of not less than 30 seconds in duration;
    (iii) Transmit the specified signals by automatically changing the 
operating frequency of the transmitter from 500 kHz to 8364 kHz and vice 
versa with a transfer time interval not to exceed one second;
    (iv) Completely de-energize the receiver during operation of the 
transmitter;
    (v) Be capable of testing the required automatic keying arrangement 
without the generation of radio frequency energy; and
    (vi) For automatic transmission of the international radiotelegraph 
distress signal, not exceed 16 words per minute or be less than 8 words 
per minute. The alarm signal dashes must have a duration within the 
limits of 3.8 to 4.2 seconds, and the spaces between each of the 12 
dashes constituting a series must have a duration within the limits of 
0.8 to 1.2 seconds.
    (f) Survival craft radio receivers must meet the following 
requirements:
    (1) The receiver must be capable of receiving A2A or H2A emission 
over the 492-508 kHz band without manual tuning and when manually tuned 
must be capable of receiving A1A and A2A or H2A and J2A emission on any 
frequency in the 8320-8745 kHz band;
    (2) The selectivity of the receiver preceeding the final detector 
must be flat within 6 dB over the band 492 to 508 kHz;
    (3) The audio frequency response of the receiver must be flat within 
6 dB over the range of frequencies between 400 and 1400 Hertz; and
    (4) The receiver must be equipped with only one manually operated 
volume control.
    (g) The artificial antenna must meet the following requirements:
    (1) Provide a reliable test load for the transmitter at the 
frequencies 500 kHz and 8364 kHz of approximately the same electrical 
characteristics as the single wire or collapsible rod antenna required 
by this section;
    (2) Be housed in a single container and provided with terminals. If 
more than two terminals are provided on the artificial antenna, all the 
terminals must be labelled; and
    (3) Be prominently labelled ``FOR TEST USE ONLY''.



Sec. 80.265  Requirements for survival craft portable radio equipment.

    (a) Survival craft portable radio equipment must be provided as a 
single portable buoyant unit consisting of a transmitter, receiver 
including headphones, power supply, grounding system, antenna system and 
line for lowering the apparatus. Each totally enclosed lifeboat must 
comply with the additional equipment requirements specified in this 
section:
    (1) The radio must float in sea water and withstand a drop into sea 
water in various positions from a height of 6 meters (20 feet), without 
requiring repair or adjustment other than normal antenna tuning. The 
operating controls, indicating devices and instruments, including the 
headphones, must be protected against physical damage and from prolonged 
exposure to the weather. The radio must withstand submersion in sea 
water so that no part is less than 5 centimeters (2 inches) below the 
surface of the water for two hours without leaking;
    (2) The radio must be fitted with handles or grips. It must be 
carryable by either one or two persons;
    (3) The radio must be designed to attach to a lifeboat thwart by 
lashing or other acceptable means;
    (4) The radio, exclusive of the line for lowering, must not weigh 
more than 27 kilograms (60 pounds). A radio for use in a totally 
enclosed lifeboat must not weigh more than 18 kilograms (40 pounds);
    (5) The line for lowering must consist of not less than 12 meters 
(40 feet) of 9 thread manila or sisal rope, or the equivalent thereof, 
which must be securely attached to the radio at all times;

[[Page 65]]

    (6) All removable components necessary for the proper operation of 
the radio must be attached to this equipment;
    (7) Each radio must have a durable removable plate showing clearly 
the survival craft radio call sign in letters and digits and in 
characters of the Morse code; and
    (8) The maximum overall dimensions of the radio to be used in 
totally enclosed lifeboats including accessories must not exceed 35 by 
40 by 50 centimeters (14 by 16 by 20 inches).
    (b)(1) Portable survival craft radio transmitters must meet the 
following requirements:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Frequency                               Modulation
                                      tolerance                               percentage
                                 -------------------                          (average of                            Average power
    Operating frequency (kHz)                          Type of emission       modulation          Modulation          output into     Artificial antenna
                                  Parts \1\                                  percentage of         frequency           specified
                                  in 10 \6\  Hz \2\                          positive and                         artificial antenna
                                                                            negative peaks
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500.............................    5,000        20  A2A and A2B or H2A   Not less than 70..  Not less than 450   Not less than 1.7   10 ohm resistance,
                                                      and H2B.                                 nor greater than    watts.              75 picofarads
                                                                                               1350 Hertz.                             capacitance.
500.............................    5,000        20  ......do...........  ......do..........  ......do..........  Not less than 2     15 ohms
                                                                                                                   watts \3\.          resistance, 100
                                                                                                                                       picofarads
                                                                                                                                       capacitance.
8364............................      200        50  A2A and A3N or H2A   ......do..........  ......do..........  Not less than 4     40 ohms
                                                      and H3N.                                                     watts.              resistance.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For equipment approved before November 30, 1977.
\2\ For equipment approved after November 29, 1977.
\3\ In the case of equipment approved prior to May 26, 1965, the power output may be 1.7 watts into an artificial antenna of 10 ohms resistance and 75
  picofarads capacitance.

    (2) The transmitter must be equipped with a visual indicator or 
indicators such as neon tubes to show antenna circuit resonance. Failure 
of the indicator(s) must not keep the transmitter from operating.
    (c) Portable survival craft receivers must meet the following 
requirements:
    (1) The audio output must be one milliwatt with a signal to noise 
power ratio of at least 10 to 1, when the receiver is supplied through 
the following artificial antennas with the respective radio frequency 
signals:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Signal
      Operating frequency, (kHz)          strength     Modulation   Modulation         Artificial antenna
                                        (microvolts)     factor        (Hz)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500...................................            25          0.3          400  10 ohms resistance and 100
                                                                                 picofarads capacitance.\1\
8364..................................           100          0.3          400  40 ohms resistance.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ In the case of equipment approved prior to May 26, 1965, the artificial antenna may be 10 ohms resistance
  and 75 picofarads capacitance.

    (2) The noise power present in the output of the receiver when the 
receiver is adjusted for A2A or H2A emission on 500 kHz and 8364 kHz 
must be determined with an unmodulated input signal of the indicated 
strength.
    (d) The power supply must meet the following requirements:
    (1) The source of power must be a manually operated electric 
generator capable of energizing the survival craft radio installation. 
The mechanical power applied to the crank handle(s) or the propelling 
lever(s) of the generator driving mechanism must not exceed a maximum of 
0.15 horsepower for any operation of the survival craft radio 
installation at any temperature of the generator and its associated 
driving mechanism between minus 30 degrees and plus 50 degrees Celsius. 
Under these conditions the speed of rotation of the crank handle(s) must 
not be greater than 70 revolutions per minute nor must the cycles of 
operation of the propelling lever(s) be greater than 70 cycles per 
minute. The voltages applied to the radio installation must not vary

[[Page 66]]

from their normal values more than 20 percent at any generator speed in 
excess of the normal operating speed which can be manually developed.
    (e) The antenna system must consist of a single wire antenna with a 
collapsible mast or a collapsible rod antenna conforming to the 
following requirements:
    (1) The single wire antenna must be at least 12 meters (40 feet) of 
at least No. 10 AWG insulated extra-flexible stranded copper and include 
a means for fastening the wire to the antenna supports, and means for 
making electrical connection to the transmitter;
    (2) Each totally enclosed lifeboat must be provided with a 
collapsible rod antenna which operates in either a freestanding position 
or supported only by a grommet in the canopy of the lifeboat. The 
antenna must be capable of being erected from within the enclosure. 
Antennas for use in totally enclosed lifeboats must be certificated.
    (f) The grounding system must consist of either a conducting wire or 
plate to provide an efficient ground for the portable survival craft 
equipment. The conducting wire must consist of a length of not less than 
6 meters (20 feet) of No. 10 AWG bare stranded copper or equivalent 
copper braid weighted at one end for immersion in the sea. The ground 
plate must consist of a bare plate or strips of corrosion resistant 
metal having a total area of at least .6 square meters (6.5 square feet) 
and must be located on the hull of the lifeboat below the waterline. The 
electrical connection to the grounding conductor or to the ground plate 
must be made from inside the lifeboat.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36606, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.267  Requirements for survival craft nonportable radio equipment.

    (a)(1) The radio transmitter must meet the following requirements:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Frequency                               Modulation
                                      tolerance                               percentages
                                 -------------------                          (average of                            Average power
    Operating frequency (kHz)                          Type of emission       modulation          Modulation          output into     Artificial antenna
                                  Parts \1\                                  percentage of         frequency           specified
                                  in 10 \6\  HZ \2\                          positive and                         artificial antenna
                                                                            negative peaks)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500.............................    5,000        20  A2A and A2B or H2A   Not less than 70..  Not less than 450   Not less than 30    10 ohms resistance
                                                      and H2B.                                 nor greater than    watts.              and 100
                                                                                               1350 Hertz.                             picofarads
                                                                                                                                       capacitance.
8364............................      200        50  A2A or H2A ldes....  ......do..........  ......do..........  Not less than 40    40 ohms
                                                                                                                   watts.              resistance.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For equipment approved before November 30, 1977.
\2\ For equipment approved after November 29, 1977.

    (2) The transmitter must have an antenna current meter.
    (b) Survival craft non-portable receivers must meet the following 
requirements:
    (1) The audio output must be one milliwatt at a signal to noise 
power ratio of at least 10 to 1, when the receiver is supplied through 
the following artificial antennas with the respective radio frequency 
signals:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Signal
      Operating frequency, (kHz)          strength     Modulation   Modulation         Artificial antenna
                                        (microvolts)     factor        (Hz)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
500...................................           200          0.3          400  15 ohms resistance and 100
                                                                                 picofarads capacitance.
8364..................................         1,000          0.3          400  40 ohms resistance.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) When the receiver is adjusted for A2A or H2A emission on 500 kHz 
and 8364 kHz the noise power present in the output of the receiver must 
be determined with an unmodulated input signal of the indicated 
strength;
    (3) The audio output of the receiver must be capable of at least 8 
dB above

[[Page 67]]

one milliwatt at the rated loan impedance.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.269  Technical requirements for radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver.

    (a) The radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver is 
comprised of a receiver, a loudspeaker and a radiotelephone auto alarm 
device.
    (b) The radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver must meet 
the following requirements:
    (1) The receiver must be capable of being switched to 2182 kHz and 
of receiving signals of at least A2A, A2B, H2A and H2B emissions;
    (2) The receiver sensitivity must provide a SINAD of 20 dB at the 
audio output when a 30 microvolt signal with A2A, A2B, H2A, or H2B 
emission modulated 30% at 400 Hz is applied to the receiver RF 
terminals;
    (3) The audio output of the receiver must be at least 50 milliwatts 
at the rated load impedance;
    (4) The receiver must be provided with an auto alarm device which 
mutes the receiver (silences the loudspeaker) unless the radiotelephone 
alarm signal or the signal preceeding a vital navigational warning is 
received. When the auto alarm is activated the receiver audio output 
level must be louder than the output level of the received speech 
signal. Additionally, the receiver must meet the following requirements:
    (i) When the receiver is muted its audio output power must be less 
than 1 milliwatt;
    (ii) If tone filters are used to process the 1300 Hz and 2200 Hz 
tones the tolerance of their center frequency must be 1.5 
percent of the alerting frequency. The response must be flat within 6 dB 
to 3% of the center frequency of the filters; and
    (iii) The receiver must not be unmuted by atmospherics or by strong 
signals other than the radiotelephone alarm and the vital navigational 
warning signal.
    (5) The receiver must be unmuted within 4 to 6 seconds when a double 
sideband alarm signal modulated at 70% is applied at its input terminals 
at a level which produces a SINAD of 10 dB under the following 
conditions:
    (i) For radiotelephone alarm the signal must be modulated 
sequentially by a 1300 20 Hz tone and a 2200 35 
Hz tone. The duration of each tone must be 250 50 
milliseconds and the period between each tone must not exceed 50 
milliseconds; and
    (ii) For navigational warning the signal must be modulated by a 2200 
35 Hz tone and the modulated carrier must be turned ``on'' 
for 250 50 milliseconds and then ``off'' for 250 
50 milliseconds.
    (6) The receiver must not be unmuted when a double sideband signal 
of 70 dB above the receiver measured sensitivity, modulated at 70% by a 
2200 35 Hz tone with the following durations is applied at 
its input terminals:
    (i) ``On'' periods of less than 175 milliseconds or more than 325 
milliseconds followed by ``off'' periods of any duration; and
    (ii) ``Off'' periods of less than 175 milliseconds or more then 425 
milliseconds followed by ``on'' periods of any duration.
    (7) The controls listed below must be provided on the exterior of 
the equipment:
    (i) On/off switch with a visual indication that the device is on;
    (ii) Volume control to adjust the audio output;
    (iii) Control for dimming any light on the equipment;
    (iv) Control for switching the auto alarm in and out of operation; 
and
    (v) Control to manually reset the auto alarm to muted condition.
    (8) The receiver must operate within specifications throughout the 
temperature range 0-50 degrees Celsius at relative humidities as high as 
95%.
    (9) The receiver must be capable of operating when subjected to 
vibrations having a frequency between 20 and 30 Hertz and an amplitude 
of 0.76 mm (0.03 inch) in a direction at an angle of 30 to 45 degrees 
with the base of the auto alarm.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44952, Aug. 25, 1993]

[[Page 68]]



Sec. 80.271  Technical requirements for portable survival craft radiotelephone transceivers.

    (a) Portable survival craft radiotelephone transceivers must comply 
with the following:
    (1) The transceivers must receive and transmit either on 457.525 MHz 
or on 156.800 MHz;
    (2) The receiver must comply with the requirements in part 15, 
subpart C of this chapter and must have a sensitivity of not more than 2 
microvolts. The sensitivity requirement must be met using the receiver 
sensitivity measurement procedure specified in the Radio Technical 
Commission for Marine Services (RTCM) Special Committee No. 66 Report 
MMS-R2;
    (3) The effective radiated power of the transmitter must be at least 
0.1 watt;
    (4) The transceivers must be battery powered and operate for at 
least four hours with a transmit to receive ratio of 1:9 with no 
significant adverse effect upon the performance of the device;
    (5) The transceivers must have a permanently attached waterproof 
label with the statement ``Complies with the FCC requirements for 
survival craft two-way radiotelephone equipment''; and
    (6) The antenna must be permanently attached to the device or its 
removal must require the use of a special tool.
    (b) Portable radiotelephone transceivers that are already 
certificated may be used to satisfy the survival craft radiotelephone 
requirement until October 1, 1993, provided the device meets the 
technical requirements in paragraphs (a) (1) through (3) of this 
section.
    (c) Survival craft radiotelephone equipment installed after October 
1, 1988, must be certificated to meet the requirements of this section.
    (d) After October 1, 1993, all portable radiotelephone transceivers 
that are used to satisfy the survival craft radiotelephone requirement 
must have been certificated to meet the requirements of this section.
    (e) Portable radiotelephone transceivers which are type accepted to 
meet the requirements of this section must be identified by an 
appropriate note in the Commission's database.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.273  Technical requirements for radar equipment.

    The technical requirements for radar equipment are contained in 
Sec. 80.825.



           Subpart G--Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures

                      Coast Station Safety Watches



Sec. 80.301  Watch requirements.

    (a) Each public coast station operating on telegraphy frequencies in 
the band 405-535 kHz must maintain a watch for classes A1A, A2B and H2B 
emissions by a licensed radiotelegraph operator on the frequency 500 kHz 
for three minutes twice each hour, beginning at x h.15 and x h.45 
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
    (b) Each public coast station licensed to operate in the band 1605-
3500 kHz must monitor such frequency(s) as are used for working or, at 
the licensee's discretion, maintain a watch on 2182 kHz.
    (c) Except for distress, urgency or safety messages, coast stations 
must not transmit on 2182 kHz during the silence periods for three 
minutes twice each hour beginning at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated 
Universal Time (UTC).
    (d) Each public coast station must provide assistance for distress 
communications when requested by the Coast Guard.



Sec. 80.302  Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch.

    (a) When changes occur in the operation of a public coast station 
which include discontinuance, reduction or suspension of a watch 
required to be maintained on 500 kHz, 2182 kHz, or 156.800 MHz, 
notification must be made by the licensee to the nearest district office 
of the U.S. Coast Guard as soon as practicable. The notification must 
include the estimated or known resumption time of the watch.
    (b) [Reserved]

[[Page 69]]



Sec. 80.303  Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).

    (a) During its hours of operation, each coast station operating in 
the 156-162 MHz band and serving rivers, bays and inland lakes except 
the Great Lakes, must maintain a safety watch on the frequency 156.800 
MHz except when transmitting on 156.800 MHz.
    (b) A coast station is exempt from compliance with the watch 
requirement when Federal, State, or Local Government stations maintain a 
watch on 156.800 MHz over 95% of the coast station's service area. Each 
licensee exempted by rule must notify the nearest district office of the 
U.S. Coast Guard at least thirty days prior to discontinuing the watch, 
or in the case of new stations, at least thirty days prior to commencing 
service. The Coast Guard may require any coast station to maintain the 
watch temporarily or permanently. The Coast Guard may also require any 
coast station to remain capable of either immediately resuming the watch 
or providing the Coast Guard direct dial-up access to the necessary 
156.800 MHz transceiver at no charge so that the Coast Guard can 
maintain the watch.
    (c) If the government station(s) providing the 156.800 MHz watch 
over the service area of an exempt station temporarily discontinues that 
watch, the exempt coast station upon receiving notice of this condition 
must maintain the watch on 156.800 HMz during the discontinuance. 
Automated maritime communications systems' compliance with this 
requirement is limited to the use of existing facilities.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
63 FR 40063, July 27, 1998]

                       Ship Station Safety Watches



Sec. 80.304  Watch requirement during silence periods.

    (a) Each ship station operating on telegraphy frequencies in the 
band 405-535 kHz, must maintain a watch on the frequency 500 kHz of 
three minutes twice each hour beginning at x h.15 and x h.45 Coordinated 
Universal Time (UTC) by a licensed radiotelegraph officer using either a 
loudspeaker or headphone.
    (b) Each ship station operating on telephony on frequencies in the 
band 1605-3500 kHz must maintain a watch on the frequency 2182 kHz. This 
watch must be maintained at least twice each hour for 3 minutes 
commencing at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) using 
either a loudspeaker or headphone. Expect for distress, urgency or 
safety messages, ship stations must not transmit during the silence 
periods on 2182 kHz.



Sec. 80.305  Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.

    (a) Each ship of the United States which is equipped with a 
radiotelegraph station for compliance with part II of title III of the 
Communications Act or chapter IV of the Safety Convention must:
    (1) Keep a continuous and efficient watch on 500 kHz by means of 
radio officers while being navigated in the open sea outside a harbor or 
port. In lieu thereof, on a cargo ship equipped with a radiotelegraph 
auto alarm in proper operating condition, an efficient watch on 500 kHz 
must be maintained by means of a radio officer for at least 8 hours per 
day in the aggregate, i.e., for at least one-third of each day or 
portion of each day that the vessel is navigated in the open sea outside 
of a harbor or port.
    (2) Keep a continuous and efficient watch on the radiotelephone 
distress frequency 2182 kHz from the principal radio operating position 
or the room from which the vessel is normally steered while being 
navigated in the open sea outside a harbor or port. A radiotelephone 
distress frequency watch receiver having a loudspeaker and a 
radiotelephone auto alarm facility must be used to keep the continuous 
watch on 2182 kHz if such watch is kept from the room from which the 
vessel is normally steered. After a determination by the master that 
conditions are such that maintenance of the listening watch would 
interfere with the safe navigation of the ship, the watch may be 
maintained by the use of the radiotelephone auto alarm facility alone.
    (3) Keep a continuous and efficient watch on the VHF distress 
frequency 156.800 MHz from the room from which

[[Page 70]]

the vessel is normally steered while in the open sea outside a harbor or 
port. The watch must be maintained by a designated member of the crew 
who may perform other duties, relating to the operation or navigation of 
the vessel, provided such other duties do not interfere with the 
effectiveness of the watch. Use of a properly adjusted squelch or brief 
interruptions due to other nearby VHF transmissions are not considered 
to adversely affect the continuity or efficiency of the required watch 
on the VHF distress frequency. This watch need not be maintained by 
vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act and participating in a 
Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) system as required or recommended by the 
U.S. Coast Guard, when an efficient listening watch is maintained on 
both the bridge-to-bridge frequency and a separate assigned VTS 
frequency.
    (b) Each cargo ship of the United States which is equipped with a 
radiotelephone station for compliance with part II of title III of the 
Communications Act or chapter IV of the Safety Convention must while 
being navigated outside of a harbor or port:
    (1) Keep a continuous watch on 2182 kHz in the room from which the 
vessel is normally steered while at sea, whenever such station is not 
being used for authorized traffic. Such watch must be maintained by at 
least one officer or crewmember who may perform other duties relating to 
the operation or navigation of the vessel, provided such other duties do 
not interfere with the watch. A radiotelephone watch receiver having a 
loudspeaker and a radiotelephone auto alarm must be used to keep the 
continuous watch on 2182 kHz. After a determination by the master that 
maintenance of the watch would interfere with the safe navigation of the 
ship, the watch may be maintained by use of the radiotelephone auto 
alarm facility alone.
    (2) Keep a continuous watch on 156.800 MHz from the room from which 
the vessel is normally steered. The watch must be maintained by a 
crewmember who may perform other duties, relating to the operation or 
navigation of the vessel, provided such other duties do not interfere 
with the watch. Use of properly adjusted squelch of brief interruptions 
due to other nearby VHF transmissions are not considered to adversely 
affect the watch. This watch need not be maintained by vessels subject 
to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act and participating in a Vessel Traffic 
Services (VTS) system when a watch is maintained on both the bridge-to-
bridge frequency and a VTS frequency.
    (c) Each vessel of the United States transporting more than six 
passengers for hire, which is equipped with a radiotelephone station for 
compliance with part III of title III of the Communications Act must, 
while being navigated in the open sea or any tidewater within the 
jurisdiction of the United States adjacent or contiguous to the open 
sea, keep a continuous watch on 2182 kHz while the vessel is beyond VHF 
communication range of the nearest VHF coast station, whenever the 
radiotelephone station is not being used for authorized traffic. A VHF 
watch must be kept on 156.800 MHz whenever such station is not being 
used for authorized traffic. The VHF watch must be maintained at the 
vessel's steering station actually in use by the qualified operator as 
defined by Sec. 80.157 or by a crewmember who may perform other duties 
relating to the operation or navigation of the vessel, provided such 
other duties do not interfere with the watch. The use of a properly 
adjusted squelch is not considered to adversely affect the watch. The 
VHF watch need not be maintained by vessels subject to the Bridge-to-
Bridge Act and participating in a Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) system 
when an efficient listening watch is maintained on both the bridge-to-
bridge frequency and a VTS frequency.



Sec. 80.306  Provisions governing the radiotelegraph watch.

    (a) The radio officer must use the main or reserve receiver, and 
either headphones or a loudspeaker to keep the watch on 500 kHz.
    (b) During the watch, the radio officer may temporarily interrupt 
the required watch on 500 kHz while transmitting or receiving signals or 
messages to or from a station but only if it is not feasible to 
simultaneously handle such traffic and listen on 500 kHz by split 
headphones or a loudspeaker.

[[Page 71]]

The watch on 500 kHz must, however, without exception be maintained 
during the silence periods.
    (c) During this watch, on vessels subject to the Communications Act 
and the Safety Convention on international voyages, the radio officer 
may discontinue listening when handling traffic on other frequencies or 
performing other essential radio duties, but only if it is impracticable 
to listen by split headphones or loudspeaker. The watch must always be 
maintained by a radio officer using headphones or loudspeaker during the 
silence periods. The term ``essential radio duties'' in this rule 
includes urgent repairs of radiocommunication equipment used for safety 
or radio navigational equipment by order of the master.
    (d) When authorized by the master, the radio officer may perform 
maintenance repair of communications, navigation or other electronic 
equipment outside of the radiotelegraph room, provided that the 
listening watch on 500 kHz can be maintained by headphones, 
loudspeakers, portable receivers, or other suitable means. The watch on 
500 kHz must be maintained in the radiotelegraph room during the silence 
period.



Sec. 80.307  Compulsory use of radiotelegraph auto alarm.

    The radiotelegraph auto alarm required on a cargo ship subject to 
the radiotelegraph provisions of part II of title III of the 
Communications Act or the Safety Convention must be in operation, 
connected to the main antenna and adjusted for optimum efficiency at all 
times while the ship is being navigated in the open sea when a radio 
officer is not listening on the frequency 500 kHz, except under the 
circumstances as set forth in Sec. 80.306(b).



Sec. 80.308  Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.

    (a) Each ship of the United States that is equipped with a 
radiotelephone station for compliance with the Great Lakes Radio 
Agreement must when underway keep a watch on:
    (1) 156.800 MHz on board a vessel 20 meters (65 feet) and over in 
length, a vessel engaged in towing (See Sec. 80.951(b)), or a vessel 
carrying more than 6 passengers for hire. This watch must be maintained 
whenever the station is not being used for authorized traffic. However, 
a watch on 156.800 MHz need not be maintained by a vessel maintaining a 
watch on the bridge-to-bridge frequency 156.650 MHz and participating in 
a Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) system and maintaining a watch on the 
specified VTS frequency.
    (2) 156.650 MHz on board a vessel 38 meters (124 feet) and over in 
length, a vessel engaged in towing (See Sec. 80.951(b)), or a vessel 
carrying more than six passengers for hire. This watch must be 
maintained continuously and effectively. Sequential monitoring is not 
sufficient. Portable VHF equipment may be used to meet this requirement. 
Vessels are exempted from this requirement while transiting the St. 
Lawrence Seaway and complying with the Joint Regulations of the St. 
Lawrence Seaway Authority and St. Lawrence Seaway Development 
Corporation between the lower exit of St. Lambert Lock at Montreal and 
Crossover Island, New York and in the Welland Canal and approaches 
between Calling in Point No. 15 and No. 16.
    (b) The watch must be maintained by the master, or person designated 
by the master, who may perform other duties provided they do not 
interfere with the effectiveness of the watch.

[53 FR 17052, May 13, 1988]



Sec. 80.309  Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    In addition to the watch requirement contained in Sec. 80.148, all 
vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must keep a watch on the 
designated navigational frequency. The watch must be maintained by the 
master or person in charge of the vessel or the person designated by the 
master or person in charge to pilot or direct the movement of the 
vessel. The person standing watch may perform other duties provided such 
other duties do not interfere with the watch.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 57 FR 61012, Dec. 23, 1992]

[[Page 72]]



Sec. 80.310  Watch required by voluntary vessels.

    Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 
156.800 MHz (channel 16) whenever the radio is operating and is not 
being used to communicate. Noncommercial vessels, such as recreational 
boats, may alternatively maintain a watch on 156.450 MHz (channel 9) for 
call and reply purposes.

[57 FR 19552, May 7, 1992]

             Distress, Alarm, Urgency and Safety Procedures



Sec. 80.311  Authority for distress transmission.

    A mobile station in distress may use any means at its disposal to 
attract attention, make known its position, and obtain help. A distress 
call and message, however, must be transmitted only on the authority of 
the master or person responsible for the mobile station. No person shall 
knowingly transmit, or cause to be transmitted, any false or fraudulent 
signal of distress or related communication.



Sec. 80.312  Priority of distress transmissions.

    The distress call has absolute priority over all other 
transmissions. All stations which hear it must immediately cease any 
transmission capable of interfering with the distress traffic and must 
continue to listen on the frequency used for the emission of the 
distress call. This call must not be addressed to a particular station. 
Acknowledgement of receipt must not be given before the distress message 
which follows it is sent.



Sec. 80.313  Frequencies for use in distress.

    The frequencies specified in the bands below are for use by mobile 
stations in distress. The conventional emission is shown. When a ship 
station cannot transmit on the designated frequency or the conventional 
emission, it may use any available frequency or emission. Frequencies 
for distress and safety calling using digital selective calling 
techniques are listed in Sec. 80.359(b). Distress and safety NB-DP 
frequencies are indicated by footnote 2 in Sec. 80.361(b).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Frequency band               Emission       Carrier frequency
------------------------------------------------------------------------
405-535 kHz......................  A2B............  500 kHz.
1605-3500 kHz....................  J3E............  2182 kHz.
4000-27, 5000 kHz................  A2B............  8364 kHz.
118-136 MHz......................  A3E............  121.500 MHz.
156-162 MHz......................  F3E, PON.......  156.800 MHz 156.750
                                                     MHz.
243 MHz..........................  A3N............  243.000 MHz.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


The maximum transmitter power obtainable may be used.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986]



Sec. 80.314  Distress signals.

    (a) The international radiotelegraphy distress signal consists of 
the group ``three dots, three dashes, three dots'' (... ---...), 
symbolized herein by SOS, transmitted as a single signal in which the 
dashes are slightly prolonged so as to be distinguished clearly from the 
dots.
    (b) The international radiotelephone distress signal consists of the 
word MAYDAY, pronounced as the French expression ``m'aider''.
    (c) These distress signals indicate that a mobile station is 
threatened by grave and imminent danger and requests immediate 
assistance.



Sec. 80.315  Distress calls.

    (a) The radiotelegraph distress call consists of:
    (1) The distress signal SOS, sent three times;
    (2) The word DE;
    (3) The call sign of the mobile station in distress, sent three 
times.
    (b) The radiotelephone distress call consists of:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY spoken three times;
    (2) The words THIS IS;
    (3) The call sign (or name, if no call sign assigned) of the mobile 
station in distress, spoken three times.



Sec. 80.316  Distress messages.

    (a) The radiotelegraph distress message consists of:
    (1) The distress signal SOS;
    (2) The name of the mobile station in distress;
    (3) Particulars of its position;
    (4) The nature of the distress;

[[Page 73]]

    (5) The kind of assistance desired;
    (6) Any other information which might facilitate rescue.
    (b) The radiotelephone distress message consists of:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (2) The name of the mobile station in distress;
    (3) Particulars of its position;
    (4) The nature of the distress;
    (5) The kind of assistance desired;
    (6) Any other information which might facilitate rescue, for 
example, the length, color, and type of vessel, number of persons on 
board.
    (c) As a general rule, a ship must signal its position in latitude 
and longitude, using figures for the degrees and minutes, together with 
one of the words NORTH or SOUTH and one of the words EAST or WEST. In 
radiotelegraphy, the signal .-.-.- must be used to separate the degrees 
from the minutes. When practicable, the true bearing and distance in 
nautical miles from a known geographical position may be given.



Sec. 80.317  Radiotelegraph and radiotelephone alarm signals.

    (a) The international radiotelegraph alarm signal consists of a 
series of twelve dashes sent in one minute, the duration of each dash 
being four seconds and the duration of the interval between consecutive 
dashes one second. The purpose of this special signal is the actuation 
of automatic devices giving the alarm to attract the attention of the 
operator when there is no listening watch on the distress frequency.
    (b) The international radiotelephone alarm signal consists of two 
substantially sinusoidal audio frequency tones transmitted alternately. 
One tone must have a frequency of 2200 Hertz and the other a frequency 
of 1300 Hertz, the duration of each tone being 250 milliseconds. When 
generated by automatic means, the radiotelephone alarm signal must be 
transmitted continuously for a period of at least 30 seconds, but not 
exceeding one minute; when generated by other means, the signal must be 
transmitted as continuously as practicable over a period of 
approximately one minute. The purpose of this special signal is to 
attract the attention of the person on watch or to actuate automatic 
devices giving the alarm.



Sec. 80.318  Use of alarm signals.

    (a) The radiotelegraph or radiotelephone alarm signal, as 
appropriate, must only be used to announce:
    (1) That a distress call or message is about to follow;
    (2) The transmission of an urgent cyclone warning. In this case the 
alarm signal may only be used by coast stations authorized by the 
Commission to do so; or
    (3) The loss of a person or persons overboard. In this case the 
alarm signal may only be used when the assistance of other ships is 
required and cannot be satisfactorily obtained by the use of the urgency 
signal only, but the alarm signal must not be repeated by other 
stations. The message must be preceded by the urgency signal.
    (b) In cases described in paragraphs (a)(2) and (3) of this section, 
the transmission of the warning or message by radiotelegraphy must not 
begin until two minutes after the end of the radiotelegraph alarm 
signal.



Sec. 80.319  Radiotelegraph distress call and message transmission procedure.

    (a) The radiotelegraph distress procedure consists of the following 
six steps: however, when time is vital, the first and second steps may 
be omitted. These two steps of the distress procedure may also be 
omitted in circumstances when transmission of the alarm signal is 
considered unnecessary:
    (1) The radiotelegraph alarm signal;
    (2) The distress call and an interval of two minutes;
    (3) The distress call;
    (4) The distress message;
    (5) Two dashes of ten to fifteen seconds each;
    (6) The call sign of the mobile station in distress.
    (b) The radiotelegraph distress transmissions must be sent by means 
of the international Morse code at a speed not exceeding 16 words per 
minute nor less than 8 words per minute.
    (c) The distress message, preceded by the distress call, must be 
repeated at intervals, especially during the 500 kHz international 
silence periods, until an

[[Page 74]]

answer is received. The radiotelegraph alarm signal may also be 
repeated, if necessary.
    (d) The transmissions under paragraphs (a) (5) and (6) of this 
section, which are to permit direction finding stations to determine the 
position of the station in distress, may be repeated at frequent 
intervals if necessary.
    (e) When the mobile station in distress receives no answer to a 
distress message transmitted on the distress frequency, the message may 
be repeated on any other available frequency on which attention might be 
attracted.



Sec. 80.320  Radiotelephone distress call and message transmission procedure.

    (a) The radiotelephone distress procedure consists of:
    (1) The radiotelephone alarm signal (whenever possible);
    (2) The distress call;
    (3) The distress message.
    (b) Radiotelephone distress transmissions must be made slowly and 
distinctly, each word being clearly pronounced to facilitate 
transcription.
    (c) After the transmission by radiotelephony of its distress 
message, the mobile station may be requested to transmit suitable 
signals followed by its call sign or name, to permit direction-finding 
stations to determine its position. This request may be repeated at 
frequent intervals if necessary.
    (d) The distress message, preceded by the distress call, must be 
repeated at intervals until an answer is received. This repetition must 
be preceded by the radiotelephone alarm signal whenever possible.
    (e) When the mobile station in distress receives no answer to a 
distress message transmitted on the distress frequency, the message may 
be repeated on any other available frequency on which attention might be 
attracted.



Sec. 80.321  Acknowledgement of receipt of distress message.

    (a) Stations of the maritime mobile service which receive a distress 
message from a mobile station which is beyond any possible doubt in 
their vicinity must immediately acknowledge receipt. However, in areas 
where reliable communication with one or more coast stations is 
practicable, ship stations may defer this acknowledgement for a short 
interval so that a coast station may acknowledge receipt.
    (b) Stations of the maritime mobile service which receive a distress 
message from a mobile station which beyond any possible doubt is not in 
their vicinity, must allow a short interval of time to elapse before 
acknowledging receipt of the message in order to permit stations nearer 
to the mobile station in distress to acknowledge receipt without 
interference.



Sec. 80.322  Form of acknowledgement.

    (a) The acknowledgement of receipt of a radiotelegraph distress 
message is transmitted in the following form:
    (1) The distress signal SOS;
    (2) The call sign of the station sending the distress message, sent 
three times;
    (3) The word DE;
    (4) The call sign of the station acknowledging receipt, sent three 
times;
    (5) The group RRR;
    (6) The message signal SOS.
    (b) The acknowledgement of receipt of a radiotelephone distress 
message is transmitted in the following form:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (2) The call sign or other identification of the station sending the 
distress message, spoken three times;
    (3) The words THIS IS;
    (4) The call sign or other identification of the station 
acknowledging receipt, spoken three times;
    (5) The word RECEIVED;
    (6) The distress signal MAYDAY.



Sec. 80.323  Information furnished by an acknowledging station.

    (a) Every mobile station which acknowledges receipt of a distress 
message must on the order of the master or person responsible for the 
ship, aircraft, or other vehicle carrying such mobile station, transmit 
as soon as possible the following information in the order shown:
    (1) Its identifier;
    (2) Its position;
    (3) The speed at which it is proceeding towards, and the approximate

[[Page 75]]

time it will take to reach the mobile station in distress.
    (b) Before sending this message, the station must ensure that it 
will not interfere with the emissions of other stations better situated 
to render immediate assistance to the station in distress.



Sec. 80.324  Transmission of distress message by station not itself in distress.

    (a) A mobile station or a land station which learns that a mobile 
station is in distress must transmit a distress message in any of the 
following cases:
    (1) When the station in distress cannot transmit the distress 
message.
    (2) When the master or person responsible for the ship, aircraft, or 
other vehicle not in distress, or for the land station, believes that 
further help is necessary.
    (3) When, although not in a position to assist, it has heard a 
distress message which has not been acknowledged. When a mobile station 
transmits such a distress message, it must notify the authorities who 
may be able to assist.
    (b) Transmission must be made on the international distress 
frequencies or on any other available frequency on which attention might 
be attracted.
    (c) Transmission of the distress message must always be preceded by 
the call indicated below, which must itself be preceded whenever 
possible by the radiotelegraph or radiotelephone alarm signal. This call 
consists of:
    (1) When radiotelegraphy is used:
    (i) The signal DDD SOS SOS SOS DDD:
    (ii) The word DE;
    (iii) The call sign of the transmitting station, sent three times.
    (2) When radiotelephony is used:
    (i) The signal MAYDAY RELAY, spoken three times;
    (ii) The words THIS IS;
    (iii) The call sign or other identification of the transmitting 
station, spoken three times.
    (d) When the radiotelegraph alarm signal is used, an interval of two 
minutes must be allowed, whenever this is considered necessary, before 
the transmission of the call mentioned in paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section.



Sec. 80.325  Control of distress traffic.

    (a) Distress traffic consists of all messages relating to the 
immediate assistance required by the mobile station in distress. In 
distress traffic, the distress signal must be sent before the call and 
at the beginning of the preamble of any radiotelegram.
    (b) The control of distress traffic is the responsibility of the 
mobile station in distress or of the station which has sent the distress 
message. These stations may delegate the control of the distress traffic 
to another station.
    (c) The station in distress or the station in control of distress 
traffic may impose silence either on all stations of the mobile service 
in the area or on any station which interferes with the distress 
traffic. It must address these instructions ``to all stations'' or to 
one station only, according to circumstances. In either case, it must 
use one of the following signals which are reserved for use by the 
mobile station in distress and for the station controlling distress 
traffic:
    (1) In radiotelegraphy, the abbreviation QRT, followed by the 
distress signal SOS.
    (2) In radiotelephony, the signal SEELONCE MAYDAY.
    (d) If essential, any station of the mobile service near the ship, 
aircraft, or other vehicle in distress may also impose silence. It must 
use for this purpose:
    (1) In radiotelegraphy, the abbreviation QRT, followed by the word 
DISTRESS and its own call sign;
    (2) In radiotelephony, the word SEELONCE, followed by the word 
DISTRESS and its own call sign or other identification.



Sec. 80.326  Notification of resumption of normal working.

    (a) When distress traffic has ceased, or when complete silence is no 
longer necessary on a frequency which has been used for distress 
traffic, the station which has controlled this traffic must transmit on 
that frequency a message addressed ``to all stations'' indicating that 
normal working may be resumed.
    (1) In radiotelegraphy, this message consists of:
    (i) The distress signal SOS;

[[Page 76]]

    (ii) The call ``to all stations'' (CQ), sent three times;
    (iii) The word DE;
    (iv) The call sign of the station sending the message;
    (v) The time of handing in the message;
    (vi) The name and call sign of the mobile station which was in 
distress;
    (vii) The service abbreviation QUM.
    (2) In radiotelephony, this message consists of:
    (i) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (ii) The call ``Hello all stations'', spoken three times;
    (iii) The words THIS IS;
    (iv) The call sign or other identification of the station sending 
the message;
    (v) The time of handing in of the message;
    (vi) The name and call sign of the mobile station which was in 
distress;
    (vii) The words SEELONCE FEENEE OR PRU-DONCE.
    (b) Until they receive the foregoing message indicating that normal 
or limited working may be resumed, all stations which are aware of the 
distress traffic, and which are not taking part in it, are forbidden to 
transmit on the frequencies on which the distress traffic is taking 
place.



Sec. 80.327  Urgency signals.

    (a) The urgency signal indicates that the calling station has a very 
urgent message to transmit concerning the safety of a ship, aircraft, or 
other vehicle, or the safety of a person. The urgency signal must be 
sent only on the authority of the master or person responsible for the 
mobile station.
    (b) In radiotelegraphy, the urgency signal consists of three 
repetitions of the group XXX, sent with the individual letters of each 
group, and the successive groups clearly separated from each other. It 
must be transmitted before the call.
    (c) In radiotelephony, the urgency signal consists of three oral 
repetitions of the group of words PAN PAN transmitted before the call.
    (d) The urgency signal has priority over all other communications 
except distress. All mobile and land stations which hear it must not 
interfere with the transmission of the message which follows the urgency 
signal.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.328  Urgency message.

    (a) The urgency signal and call, and the message following it, must 
be sent on one of the international distress frequencies. Stations which 
cannot transmit on a distress frequency may use any other available 
frequency on which attention might be attracted.
    (b) Mobile stations which hear the urgency signal must continue to 
listen for at least three minutes. At the end of this period, if no 
urgency message has been heard, they may resume their normal service. 
However, land and mobile stations which are in communication on 
frequencies other than those used for the transmission of the urgency 
signal and of the call which follows it may continue their normal work 
without interruption provided the urgency message is not addressed ``to 
all stations''.
    (c) When the urgency signal has been sent before transmitting a 
message ``to all stations'' which calls for action by the stations 
receiving the message, the station responsible for its transmission must 
cancel it as soon as it knows that action is no longer necessary. This 
message of cancellation must likewise be addressed ``to all stations''.



Sec. 80.329  Safety signals.

    (a) The safety signal indicates that the station is about to 
transmit a message concerning the safety of navigation or giving 
important meteorological warnings.
    (b) In radiotelegraphy, the safety signal consists of three 
repetitions of the group TTT, sent with the individual letters of each 
group, and the successive groups clearly separated from each other. It 
must be sent before the call.
    (c) In radiotelephony, the safety signal consists of the word 
SECURITE, pronounced as in French, spoken three times and transmitted 
before the call.
    (d) The safety signal and call must be sent on one of the 
international distress frequencies (500 kHz or 8364 kHz radiotelegraph; 
2182 kHz or 156.8 MHz radiotelephone). Stations which cannot transmit on 
a distress frequency may

[[Page 77]]

use any other available frequency on which attention might be attracted.



Sec. 80.330  Safety message.

    (a) The safety signal and call must be followed by the safety 
message. Where practicable, the safety message should be sent on a 
working frequency, and a suitable announcement to this effect must be 
made at the end of the call.
    (b) Except for the cases mentioned in paragraph (c) of this section, 
the safety signal when sent on the frequency 500 kHz must be transmitted 
toward the end of the first available silence period; the safety message 
must be transmitted immediately after the silence period.
    (c) Messages about meteorological warnings, of cyclones, dangerous 
ice, dangerous wrecks, or any other imminent danger to marine navigation 
must be preceded by the safety signal.
    (d) Stations hearing the safety signal must not make any 
transmission likely to interfere with the message.



Sec. 80.331  Bridge-to-bridge communication procedure.

    (a) Vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act transmitting on the 
designated navigational frequency must conduct communications in a 
format similar to those given below:
    (1) This is the (name of vessel). My position is (give readily 
identifiable position, course and speed) about to (describe contemplated 
action). Out.
    (2) Vessel off (give a readily identifiable position). This is (name 
of vessel) off (give a readily identifiable position). I plan to (give 
proposed course of action). Over.
    (3) (Coast station), this is (vessel's name) off (give readily 
identifiable position). I plan to (give proposed course of action). 
Over.
    (b) Vessels acknowledging receipt must answer ``(Name of vessel 
calling). This is (Name of vessel answering). Received your call,'' and 
follow with an indication of their intentions. Communications must 
terminate when each ship is satisfied that the other no longer poses a 
threat to its safety and is ended with ``Out''.
    (c) Use of power greater than 1 watt in a bridge-to-bridge station 
shall be limited to the following three situations:
    (1) Emergency.
    (2) Failure of the vessel being called to respond to a second call 
at low power.
    (3) A broadcast call as in paragraph (a)(1) of this section in a 
blind situation, e.g., rounding a bend in a river.



Sec. 80.332  Equipment to aid search and rescue operations.

    (a) Survival craft stations may transmit distress, urgency and 
safety signals, calls and messages.
    (b) EPIRB's may transmit only in accordance with the requirements of 
subparts V and X of this part.



Sec. 80.333  Stations in the maritime mobile-satellite service.

    The provisions of Secs. 80.311 and 80.324 apply to the operations of 
ship earth stations in the maritime mobile-satellite service.



                         Subpart H--Frequencies

                             Radiotelegraphy



Sec. 80.351  Scope.

    The following sections describe the carrier frequencies and general 
uses of radiotelegraphy with respect to the following:

--Distress, urgency, safety, call and reply.
--Working.
--Digital selective calling (DSC).
--Narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP).
--Facsimile.



Sec. 80.353  General uses--radiotelegraphy.

    (a) Unless otherwise indicated radiotelegraphy may be used by ship 
and public coast stations only.
    (b) The signal code for Morse telegraphy must be the international 
Morse code signals specified in the Telegraph Regulations annexed to the 
International Telecommunication Convention.
    (c) To facilitate communications, ship stations transmitting by 
means of radiotelegraphy must use the service abbreviations (``Q'' 
signals) listed in Appendix 14 to the ITU Radio Regulations whenever 
practicable.

[[Page 78]]

    (d) In order to reduce interference stations must attempt to select 
calling frequencies which provide the most favorable propagational 
characteristics for effecting reliable communications.
    (e) Coast stations may apply to use for telegraphy communications 
any additional coast station frequencies that are allocated for such 
communications in the 10-27500 kHz band that are not listed in this 
part. See the Table of Frequency allocations in Sec. 2.106 of this 
chapter. The use of such frequencies will be authorized initially with a 
six month provisional period.
    (f) Radiotelegraphy stations communicating with a Government station 
may transmit on a Government frequency when authorized to do so by the 
Government station or agency if the emission, bandwidth and frequency 
tolerance of the non-Government station are within the same limits as 
the Government station.



Sec. 80.355  Distress, urgency, safety, call and reply Morse code frequencies.

    This section describes the distress, urgency, safety, call and reply 
carrier frequencies assignable to stations for Morse code 
radiotelegraphy.
    (a) Frequencies in the 100-160 kHz band. The international calling 
frequency in the 100-160 kHz band is 143 kHz using A1A or J2A emission. 
When a ship station operating in the 100-160 kHz band desires to 
communicate with a coast station, it must call on the frequency 143 kHz 
unless the International List of Coast Stations provides otherwise. 
Coast stations must reply on their normal working frequency in this 
band. Only individual calls, replies to such calls, and transmission of 
signals preparatory to traffic may be transmitted on 143 kHz.
    (b) Frequencies in the 405-535 kHz band. (1) The international 
distress, urgency, safety, call and reply frequency used by ship and 
coast stations operating in the 405-525 kHz band is 500 kHz. A2A and A2B 
or H2A and H2B emissions are preferred for distress calls, distress 
traffic and for urgency and safety messages. For call and reply messages 
A1A or J2A emission must be used. In order to facilitate distress 
communications routine correspondence tranmissions on 500 kHz must be 
reduced to a minimum.
    (2) In Region 2 and areas of heavy traffic ship stations must 
request coast stations to listen on the ship station's working 
frequencies.
    (3) In areas where 500 kHz is used for distress a ship or coast 
station must use the supplementary calling frequency 512 kHz for routine 
calling and normally request a reply on its working frequency. The 
called station may reply on 512 kHz when requested to do so by the 
calling station.
    (c) Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band--(1) Survival craft 
frequencies: Survival craft operating on 8364 kHz must use A2A or H2A 
emission to establish communications related to search and rescue 
operations.
    (2) Ship station frequencies. The following table describes the 
calling frequencies in the 4000-27500 kHz band which are available for 
use by authorized ship stations equipped with crystal controlled 
oscillators for A1A or J2A radiotelegraphy. There are two series of 
frequencies for worldwide use and two series of frequencies for each 
geographic region. Ship stations with synthesized transmitters may 
operate on every full 100 Hz increment in the 0.5 kHz channel for the 
frequencies listed, except for 100 Hz above and below those designated 
for worldwide use. During normal business hours when not communicating 
on other frequencies, all U.S. coast radiotelegraph stations must 
monitor the worldwide frequencies and the initial calling frequencies 
for the region in which it is located. The specific frequencies which 
must be monitored by a coast station will vary with propagation 
conditions. The calling frequencies which are routinely monitored by 
specific coast stations can be determined by reference to the ITU 
publication entitled ``List of Coast Stations''. Initial calls by ship 
stations must be made on the appropriate initial calling frequency 
first. Calls on the worldwide frequencies may be made only after calls 
on the appropriate initial calling frequency are unsuccessful.

[[Page 79]]



                                      Ship Morse Calling Frequencies (kHz)
Region:                         ITU                                                               ITU
  Worldwide...................    3    4184.0    6276.0    8368.0   12552.0   16736.0   22280.5  C       25172.0
                                  4    4184.5    6276.5    8369.0   12553.5   16738.0   22281.0  C       25172.0
  Atlantic:
    Initial...................    1    4182.0    6277.0    8366.0   12550.0   16734.0   22279.5  A       25171.5
    Alternate.................    2    4182.5    6277.5    8366.5   12550.5   16734.5   22280.0  A       25171.5
  Caribbean:
    Initial...................    1    4182.0    6277.0    8366.0   12550.0   16734.0   22279.5  A       25171.5
    Alternate.................    2    4182.5    6277.5    8366.5   12550.5   16734.5   22280.0  A       25171.5
  Gulf-Mexico:
    Initial...................    5    4183.0    6278.0    8367.0   12551.0   16735.0   22281.5  A       25171.5
    Alternate.................    6    4183.5    6278.5    8367.5   12551.5   16735.5   22282.0  A       25171.5
  N Pacific:
    Initial...................    7    4185.0    6279.0    8368.5   12552.5   16736.5   22282.5  B       25172.5
    Alternate.................    8    4185.5    6279.5    8369.5   12553.0   16737.0   22283.0  B       25172.5
  S Pacific:
    Initial...................    9    4186.0    6280.0    8370.0   12554.0   16737.5   22283.5  B       25172.5
    Alternate.................   10    4186.5    6280.5    8370.5   12554.5   16738.5   22284.0  B       25172.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (3) Coast Station frequencies. Coast stations may use any working 
carrier frequency for distress, safety and calling listed in 
Sec. 80.357(b)(1) which is not identified with a specific use.
    (d) Frequencies in the VHF bands. (1) Survival craft stations using 
121.500 MHz may be assigned A3N emission for radiobeacon purposes.
    (2) EPIRB stations may be assigned 121.500 MHz and 243.000 MHz using 
A3E, A3X and NON emission or 156.750 MHz and 156.800 MHz using G3N 
emission to aid search and rescue operations. See subpart V of this 
part.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986; 52 FR 35245, 
Sept. 18, 1987; 56 FR 9886, Mar. 8, 1991; 56 FR 11516, Mar. 19, 1991]



Sec. 80.357  Morse code working frequencies.

    This section describes the working frequencies assignable to 
maritime stations for A1A or J2A radiotelegraphy.
    (a) Ship station frequencies--(1) Frequencies in the 100-160 kHz 
band. The following table describes the working carrier frequencies in 
the 100-160 kHz band which are assignable to ship stations. A ship 
station may also transmit on a radiotelegraphy working channel of a 
coast station within the 100-160 kHz band when directed to do so by the 
coast station provided interference is not caused to any land, fixed, 
broadcast, or radiolocation station.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              100-160 (kHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   152        ..........................
                                   153        ..........................
                                   154        ..........................
                                   155        ..........................
                                   156        ..........................
                                   157        ..........................
                                   158        ..........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Frequencies in the 405-525 kHz band. The following table 
describes the working carrier frequencies in the 405-525 kHz band which 
are assignable to ship stations. A ship station may transmit on a 
radiotelegraphy working channel of a coast station in the 415-490 kHz 
band when directed to do so by the coast station.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              405-525 (kHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 \1\ 410      ..........................
                                   425        ..........................
                                   454        ..........................
                                   468        ..........................
                                   480        ..........................
                                 \2\ 512      ..........................
                                 \3\ 518      ..........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The frequency 410 kHz may be used on a secondary basis for the
  transmission of radiodetermination information and for transmitting by
  radiotelegraph radiodetermination related messages to direction-
  finding stations.
\2\ The frequency 512 kHz may be used as a supplementary calling
  frequency when 500 kHz is used for distress, safety and urgency
  communications. The use of the 512 kHz as a working frequency is
  prohibited in areas where it is used as a supplementary calling
  frequency when 500 kHz is used for distress, safety, and urgency
  communications.
\3\ The frequency 518 kHz is a receive only frequency by ship stations.
  It is used by U.S. Coast Guard coast stations for NB-DP transmissions
  of meteorological and navigational warnings to ships.

    (3) Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band. This paragraph describes 
the

[[Page 80]]

working frequencies and Channel Series in the 2000-27500 kHz band which 
are assignable to ship stations.
    (i) Two Channel Series will be assigned for routine use to each ship 
station. Frequencies from any other Channel Series may be used if the 
frequencies in the assigned Channel Series are not adequate for 
communications.

                                      Ship Morse Working Frequencies (kHz)
Channel Series:
    W1......................      4187.0      6285.0      8342.0     12422.0     16619.0     22242.0     25161.5
                                                          8343.5     12453.0     16650.0     22273.0
                                                                                 16681.0
    W2......................      4187.5      6285.5      8342.5     12422.5     16619.5     22242.5     25162.0
                                                          8344.0     12453.5     16650.5     22273.5
                                                                                 16681.5
    W3......................      4188.0      6286.0      8343.0     12423.0     16620.0     22243.0     25162.5
                                                          8344.5     12454.0     16651.0     22274.0
                                                                                 16682.0
    W4......................      4188.5      6286.5      8343.5     12423.5     16620.5     22243.5     25163.0
                                                          8345.0     12454.5     16651.5     22274.5
                                                                                 16682.5
    W5......................      4189.0      6287.0      8344.0     12424.0     16621.0     22244.0     25163.5
                                                          8345.5     12455.0     16652.0     22275.0
                                                                                 16683.0
    W6......................      4189.5      6287.5      8344.5     12424.5     16621.5     22244.5     25164.0
                                                          8346.0     12455.5     16652.5     22275.5
                                                                                 16619.0
    W7......................      4190.0      6288.0      8345.0     12425.0     16622.0     22245.0     25164.5
                                                          8346.5     12456.0     16653.0     22276.0
                                                                                 16619.5
    W8......................      4190.5      6288.5      8345.5     12425.5     16622.5     22245.5     25165.0
                                                          8347.0     12456.5     16653.5     22276.5
                                                                                 16620.0
    W9......................      4191.0      6289.0      8346.0     12426.0     16623.0     22246.0     25165.5
                                                          8347.5     12457.0     16654.0     22277.0
                                                                                 16620.5
    W10.....................      4191.5      6289.5      8346.5     12426.5     16623.5     22246.5     25166.0
                                                          8348.0     12457.5     16654.5     22270.5
                                                                                 16621.0
    W11.....................      4192.0      6290.0      8347.0     12427.0     16624.0     22247.0     25166.5
                                                          8348.5     12458.0     16655.0     22278.0
                                                                                 16621.5
    W12.....................      4192.5      6290.5      8347.5     12427.5     16624.5     22247.5     25167.0
                                                          8349.0     12458.5     16655.5     22278.5
                                                                                 16622.0
    W13.....................      4193.0      6291.0      8348.0     12428.0     16625.0     22248.0     25167.5
                                                          8349.5     12459.0     16656.0     22279.0
                                                                                 16622.5
    W14.....................      4193.5      6291.5      8348.5     12428.5     16625.5     22248.5     25168.0
                                                          8350.0     12459.5     16656.5     22242.0
                                                                                 16623.0
    W15.....................      4194.0      6292.0      8349.0     12429.0     16626.0     22249.0     25168.5
                                                          8350.5     12460.0     16657.0     22242.5
                                                                                 16623.5
    W16.....................      4194.5      6292.5      8349.5     12429.5     16626.5     22249.5     25169.0
                                                          8351.0     12460.5     16657.5     22243.0
                                                                                 16624.0
    W17.....................      4195.0      6293.0      8350.0     12430.0     16627.0     22250.0     25169.5
                                                          8351.5     12461.0     16658.0     22243.5
                                                                                 16624.5
    W18.....................      4195.5      6293.5      8350.5     12430.5     16627.5     22250.5     25170.0
                                                          8352.0     12461.5     16658.5     22244.0
                                                                                 16625.0
    W19.....................      4196.0      6294.0      8351.0     12431.0     16628.0     22251.0     25170.5
                                                          8352.5     12462.0     16659.0     22244.5

[[Page 81]]

 
                                                                                 16625.5
    W20.....................      4196.5      6294.5      8351.5     12431.5     16628.5     22251.5     25171.0
                                                          8353.0     12462.5     16659.5     22245.0
                                                                                 16626.0
    W21.....................      4197.0      6295.0      8352.0     12432.0     16629.0     22252.0     25161.5
                                                          8353.5     12463.0     16660.0     22245.5
                                                                                 16626.5
    W22.....................      4197.5      6295.5      8352.5     12432.5     16629.5     22252.5     25162.0
                                                          8354.0     12463.5     16660.5     22246.0
                                                                                 16627.0
    W23.....................      4198.0      6296.0      8353.0     12433.0     16630.0     22253.0     25162.5
                                                          8354.5     12464.0     16661.0     22246.5
                                                                                 16627.5
    W24.....................      4198.5      6296.5      8353.5     12433.5     16630.5     22253.5     25163.0
                                                          8355.0     12464.5     16661.5     22247.0
                                                                                 16628.0
    W25.....................      4199.0      6297.0      8354.0     12434.0     16631.0     22254.0     25163.5
                                                          8355.5     12465.0     16662.0     22247.5
                                                                                 16628.5
    W26.....................      4199.5      6297.5      8354.5     12434.5     16631.5     22254.5     25164.0
                                                          8356.0     12465.5     16662.5     22248.0
                                                                                 16629.0
    W27.....................      4200.0      6298.0      8355.0     12435.0     16632.0     22255.0     25164.5
                                                          8356.5     12466.0     16663.0     22248.5
                                                                                 16629.5
    W28.....................      4200.5      6298.5      8355.5     12435.5     16632.5     22255.5     25165.0
                                                          8357.0     12466.5     16663.5     22249.0
                                                                                 16630.0
    W29.....................      4201.0      6299.0      8356.0     12436.0     16633.0     22256.0     25165.5
                                                          8357.5     12467.0     16664.0     22249.5
                                                                                 16630.5
    W30.....................      4201.5      6299.5      8356.5     12436.5     16633.5     22256.5     25166.0
                                                          8358.0     12467.5     16664.5     22250.0
                                                                                 16631.0
    W31.....................      4202.0      6300.0      8357.0     12437.0     16634.0     22257.0     25166.5
                                                          8358.5     12468.0     16665.0     22250.5
                                                                                 16631.5
    W32.....................      4202.0      6300.0      8357.5     12437.5     16634.5     22257.5     25167.0
                                                          8359.0     12468.5     16665.5     22251.0
                                                                                 16632.0
    W33.....................      4201.5      6299.5      8358.0     12438.0     16635.0     22258.0     25167.5
                                                          8359.5     12469.0     16666.0     22251.5
                                                                                 16632.5
    W34.....................      4201.0      6299.0      8358.5     12438.5     16635.5     22258.5     25168.0
                                                          8360.0     12469.5     16666.5     22252.0
                                                                                 16633.0
    W35.....................      4200.5      6298.5      8359.0     12439.0     16636.0     22259.0     25168.5
                                                          8360.5     12470.0     16667.0     22252.5
                                                                                 16633.5
    W36.....................      4200.0      6298.0      8359.5     12439.5     16636.5     22259.5     25169.0
                                                          8361.0     12470.5     16667.5     22253.0
                                                                                 16634.0
    W37.....................      4199.5      6297.5      8360.0     12440.0     16637.0     22260.0     25169.5
                                                          8361.5     12471.0     16668.0     22253.5
                                                                                 16634.5
    W38.....................      4199.0      6297.0      8360.5     12440.5     16637.5     22260.5     25170.0
                                                          8362.0     12471.5     16668.5     22254.0
                                                                                 16635.0
    W39.....................      4198.5      6296.5      8361.0     12441.0     16638.0     22261.0     25170.5
                                                          8362.5     12472.0     16669.0     22254.5
                                                                                 16635.5
    W40.....................      4198.0      6296.0      8361.5     12441.5     16638.5     22261.5     25171.0
                                                          8363.0     12472.5     16669.5     22255.0
                                                                                 16636.0
    W41.....................      4197.5      6295.5      8362.0     12442.0     16639.0     22262.0     25161.5

[[Page 82]]

 
                                                          8363.5     12473.0     16670.0     22255.5
                                                                                 16636.5
    W42.....................      4197.0      6295.0      8362.5     12442.5     16639.5     22262.5     25162.0
                                                          8364.0     12473.5     16670.5     22256.0
                                                                                 16637.0
    W43.....................      4196.5      6294.5      8363.0     12443.0     16640.0     22263.0     25162.5
                                                          8364.5     12474.0     16671.0     22256.5
                                                                                 16637.5
    W44.....................      4196.0      6294.0      8363.5     12443.5     16640.5     22263.5     25163.0
                                                          8365.0     12474.5     16671.5     22257.0
                                                                                 16638.0
    W45.....................      4195.5      6293.5      8364.0     12444.0     16641.0     22264.0     25163.5
                                                          8365.5     12475.0     16672.0     22257.5
                                                                                 16638.5
    W46.....................      4195.0      6293.0      8364.5     12444.5     16641.5     22264.5     25164.0
                                                          8371.0     12475.5     16672.5     22258.0
                                                                                 16639.0
    W47.....................      4194.5      6292.5      8365.0     12445.0     16642.0     22265.0     25164.5
                                                          8371.5     12476.0     16673.0     22258.5
                                                                                 16639.5
    W48.....................      4194.0      6292.0      8365.5     12445.5     16642.5     22265.5     25165.0
                                                          8372.0     12476.5     16673.5     22259.0
                                                                                 16640.0
    W49.....................      4193.5      6291.5      8371.0     12446.0     16643.0     22266.0     25165.5
                                                          8372.5     12422.0     16674.0     22259.5
                                                                                 16640.5
    W50.....................      4193.0      6291.0      8371.5     12446.5     16643.5     22266.5     25166.0
                                                          8373.0     12422.5     16674.5     22260.0
                                                                                 16641.0
    W51.....................      4192.5      6290.5      8372.0     12447.0     16644.0     22267.0     25166.5
                                                          8373.5     12423.0     16675.0     22260.5
                                                                                 16641.5
    W52.....................      4192.0      6290.0      8372.5     12447.5     16644.5     22267.5     25167.0
                                                          8374.0     12423.5     16675.5     22261.0
                                                                                 16642.0
    W53.....................      4191.5      6289.5      8373.0     12448.0     16645.0     22268.0     25167.5
                                                          8374.5     12424.0     16676.0     22261.5
                                                                                 16642.5
    W54.....................      4191.0      6289.0      8373.5     12448.5     16645.5     22268.5     25168.0
                                                          8375.0     12424.5     16676.5     22262.0
                                                                                 16643.0
    W55.....................      4190.5      6288.5      8374.0     12449.0     16646.0     22269.0     25168.5
                                                          8375.5     12425.0     16677.0     22262.5
                                                                                 16643.5
    W56.....................      4190.0      6288.0      8374.5     12449.5     16646.5     22269.5     25169.0
                                                          8376.0     12425.5     16677.5     22263.0
                                                                                 16644.0
    W57.....................      4189.5      6287.5      8375.0     12450.0     16647.0     22270.0     25169.5
                                                          8342.0     12426.0     16678.0     22263.5
                                                                                 16644.5
    W58.....................      4189.0      6287.0      8375.5     12450.5     16647.5     22270.5     25170.0
                                                          8342.5     12426.5     16678.5     22264.0
                                                                                 16645.0
    W59.....................      4188.5      6286.5      8376.0     12451.0     16648.0     22271.0     25170.5
                                                          8343.0     12427.0     16679.0     22264.5
                                                                                 16645.5
    W60.....................      4188.0      6286.0      8342.0     12451.5     16648.5     22271.5     25171.0
                                                          8343.5     12427.5     16679.5     22265.0
                                                                                 16646.0
    W61.....................      4187.5      6285.5      8342.5     12452.0     16649.0     22272.0     25161.5
                                                          8344.0     12428.0     16680.0     22265.5
                                                                                 16646.5
    W62.....................      4187.0      6285.0      8343.0     12452.5     16649.5     22272.5     25162.0
                                                          8344.5     12428.5     16680.5     22266.0
                                                                                 16678.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 83]]

    (ii) If the frequencies listed in paragraph (3)(i) of this section 
are not adequate for communications, ship stations may use any of the 
non-paired narrow-band direct-printing frequencies listed in 
Sec. 80.361(b) of this part for A1A or J2A radiotelegraphy.
    (b) Coast station frequencies--(1) Frequencies in the 100-27500 kHz 
band. The following table describes the working carrier frequencies in 
the 100-27500 kHz band which are assignable to coast stations located in 
the designated geographical areas. The exclusive maritime mobile HF 
bands listed in the table contained in Sec. 80.363(b) of this part are 
also available for assignment to public coast stations for A1A or J2A 
radiotelegraphy following coordination with government users.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                        Bands \1\
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Area                                100-160   405-525
                                                                   kHz       kHz      2 MHz     4 MHz     6 MHz     8 MHz    12 MHz     16 MHz   22 MHz
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Central Pacific...............................................    126.15    426.00    2037.5    4247.0    6348.0    8558.0   12695.5   17016.8   22479.0
                                                                ........    436.00    2045.0    4274.0    6365.5    8618.0   12808.5   17026.0   22515.0
                                                                  147.85    460.00    2061.5    4228.0    6477.5    8642.0   12844.5   17088.8   22557.0
                                                                ........     476.0  ........  ........    6488.0    8445.0   13002.0  ........   22581.5
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........   13033.5  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
South Pacific.................................................  ........    418.00    2049.5    4238.0    6355.0    8590.0   12691.0   17064.8   22467.0
                                                                ........    464.00    2055.5    4283.0    6463.5    8606.0   12912.0   17088.8   22593.5
                                                                ........    482.00  ........  ........  ........    8642.0   12993.0   17220.5  ........
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........   13033.5  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
Gulf of Mexico................................................    153.00    410.00    2042.0    4256.0    6369.0    8473.0   12704.5   17117.6   22467.0
                                                                ........    420.00    2048.0    4274.0    6435.5    8550.0   12826.5   17170.4   22668.5
                                                                ........    434.00    2049.5    4310.0    6446.0    8570.0   12840.0   17172.4   22686.5
                                                                ........    438.00    2052.5    4322.0    6495.0    8666.0   13038.0   17230.1   22688.0
                                                                ........    478.00    2055.5  ........  ........    8445.0   13051.5  ........  ........
                                                                ........    484.00    2063.0  ........  ........    8453.0   12660.0  ........  ........
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
Great Lakes...................................................  ........    482.00  ........    4316.0    6474.0    8534.0  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
Hawaii........................................................  ........    484.00    2052.5    4295.0    6407.5    8542.0   13029.0   16978.4   22509.0
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
Puerto Rico...................................................    153.00    486.00    2052.5    4244.0  ........    8457.0   12700.0  ........  ........
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
North Atlantic................................................    112.85    418.00    2036.0    4238.0    6351.5    8502.0   12745.5   16933.2   22485.0
                                                                  124.05    436.00    2040.5    4268.0    6376.0    8514.0   12925.5   16968.8   22503.0
                                                                  130.35    442.00    2046.5    4331.0    6414.5    8586.0   12948.0   16973.6   22521.0
                                                                  132.10    460.00    2051.0    4343.0    6418.0    8610.0   12961.5   16997.6   22599.5
                                                                  134.55    472.00    2054.0    4346.0    6333.5    8630.0   12997.5   17021.6   22640.0
                                                                  137.00    476.00    2060.0  ........    6337.0    8658.0   13020.0   17093.6   22658.0
                                                                ........    482.00  ........  ........    6344.0    8686.0   13024.5   16904.9  ........
                                                                  146.80    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........   13033.5  ........  ........
                                                                  147.50    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........   13060.5  ........  ........
Central Atlantic..............................................  ........    428.00    2063.0    4346.0    6484.5    8502.0   12885.0   16916.5   22588.5
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
South Atlantic................................................    137.70    434.00    2039.0    4250.0    6389.6    8486.0   12952.5   16918.8   22503.0
                                                                ........    464.00    2043.5    4292.0    6407.5    8525.0   12970.5   17093.6   22575.5
                                                                ........    472.00    2051.0    4295.0    6411.0    8686.0   13011.0   17160.8  ........
                                                                ........    488.00    2057.0  ........  ........    8453.0   12660.0   17170.4  ........
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........   17239.7  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
North Pacific.................................................  ........    482.00    2058.5    4349.0    6411.0    8582.0   12907.5   17007.2   22539.0
                                                                ........    488.00    2063.0  ........  ........    8658.0   12916.5  ........  ........
                                                                ........    500.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
Alaska........................................................  ........    416.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    438.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    452.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    472.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
                                                                ........    512.00  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ All frequencies in this table are shown in kilohertz.


[[Page 84]]

    (2) Conditions of use. The following conditions are applicable to 
these frequencies:
    (i) Frequencies in the 100-160 kHz band are assignable to coast 
stations for high seas communications only;
    (ii) Frequencies above 5 MHz may be assigned primarily to stations 
serving the high seas and secondarily to stations serving inland waters 
of the United States, including the Great Lakes, under the condition 
that interference will not be caused to any coast station serving the 
high seas.
    (iii) The frequency 410 kHz may be used on a secondary basis for the 
transmission of radiodetermination information and for transmitting by 
radiotelegraph radiodetermination messages to direction-finding 
stations; and
    (iv) The frequency 512 kHz may be used as a supplementary calling 
frequency when 500 kHz is used for distress, urgency and safety 
communications. The use of the 512 kHz as a working frequency is 
prohibited in areas where 500 kHz is used for distress, urgency and 
safety communications.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986, as amended at 56 
FR 9887, Mar. 8, 1991; 56 FR 34029, July 25, 1991; 65 FR 77824, Dec. 13, 
2000]



Sec. 80.359  Frequencies for digital selective calling (DSC).

    (a) General purpose calling. The following table describes the 
calling frequencies for use by authorized ship and coast stations for 
general purpose DSC. There are three series of paried frequencies. One 
series is for worldwide use; the other two series are for regional use. 
The ``Series A'' designation includes coast stations along, and ship 
stations in, the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean 
Sea. The ``Series B'' designation includes stations in any remaining 
areas. Stations must initiate contact on the appropriate regional 
frequency depending upon the location of the called station and 
propagation conditions. Acknowledgement is made on the paired frequency. 
The worldwide frequencies may be used for international calling, if 
calls on the appropriate regional frequencies are unsuccessful, or the 
regional series does not contain the appropriate band (e.g., 2 MHz). 
During normal working hours, all public coast stations capable of DSC 
operations must monitor the worldwide and regional frequencies 
appropriate for its location. The specific frequencies to be monitored 
will vary with propagation conditions.

                                               General Purpose DSC
                                         [In kHz unless otherwise noted]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Worldwide                              Series A                             Series B
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Ship                Coast               Ship              Coast              Ship              Coast
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          458.5               455.5     .................  .................  ................  ................
         2189.5          \1\ 2177.0     .................  .................  ................  ................
         4208.0              4219.5             4208.5             4220.0             4209.5            4220.5
         6312.5              6331.0             6313.0             6331.5             6313.5            6332.0
         8415.0              8436.5             8415.5             8437.0             8416.0            8437.5
        12577.5             12657.0            12578.0            12657.5            12578.5           12658.0
        16805.0             16903.0            16805.5            16903.5            16806.0           16904.0
        18898.5             19703.5            18899.0            19704.0            18899.5           19704.5
        22374.5             22444.0            22375.0            22444.5            22375.5           22445.0
        25208.5             26121.0            25209.0            26121.5            25209.5           26122.0
    \2\ 156.525         \2\ 156.525     .................  .................  ................  ................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The frequency 2177.0 kHzs is also available to ship stations for intership calling and acknowledgement of
  such calls only.
\2\ MHz.

    (b) Distress and safety calling. The frequencies 2187.5 kHz, 4207.5 
kHz, 6312.0 kHz, 8414.5 kHz, 12577.0 kHz, 16804.5 kHz, and 156.525 MHz 
may be used for DSC by coast and ship stations on a simplex basis for 
distress and safety purposes. The provisions and procedures for distress 
and safety calling are contained in CCIR Recommendation 541 as modified 
by Sec. 80.103(c) of this part.
    (c) Working frequencies. Coast and ship stations may use DSC 
techniques for general calling purposes on their

[[Page 85]]

assigned working frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band and on those 
frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band which are allocated for maritime 
control, commercial, non-commercial and public correspondence 
communications.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 49995, Dec. 4, 1989; 56 
FR 9890, Mar. 8, 1991; 56 FR 14150, Apr. 5, 1991]



Sec. 80.361  Frequencies for narrow-band direct-printing (NBDP), radioprinter and data transmissions.

    (a) Paired channels. (1) The following frequencies are available for 
assignment to public coast stations for narrow-band direct-printing 
(NBDP) and data transmissions. The paired ship frequencies are available 
for use by authorized ship stations for NBDP and data transmissions.

[[Page 86]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Paired frequencies for NBDP and data transmissions (kHz)
                                       ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Ch. no.                       4 MHz             6 MHz             8 MHz             12 MHz              16 MHz             18/19 MHz            22 MHz             25/26 MHz
                                       ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Coast     Ship    Coast     Ship    Coast     Ship     Coast     Ship      Coast     Ship      Coast     Ship      Coast     Ship      Coast     Ship
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................   4210.5   4172.5   6314.5   6263.0                     12579.5   12477.0   16807.0   16683.5   19681.0   18870.5   22376.5   22284.5   26101.0   25173.0
2.....................................   4211.0   4173.0   6315.0   6263.5   8417.0   8377.0   12580.0   12477.5   16807.5   16684.0   19681.5   18871.0   22377.0   22285.0   26101.5   25173.5
3.....................................   4211.5   4173.5   6315.5   6264.0   8417.5   8377.5   12580.5   12478.0   16808.0   16684.5   19682.0   18871.5   22377.5   22285.5   26102.0   25174.0
4.....................................   4212.0   4174.0   6316.0   6264.5   8418.0   8378.0   12581.0   12478.5   16808.5   16685.0   19682.5   18872.0   22378.0   22286.0   26102.5   25174.5
5.....................................   4212.5   4174.5   6316.5   6265.0   8418.5   8378.5   12581.5   12479.0   16809.0   16685.5   19683.0   18872.5   22378.5   22286.5   26103.0   25175.0
6.....................................   4213.0   4175.0   6317.0   6265.5   8419.0   8379.0   12582.0   12479.5   16809.5   16686.0   19683.5   18873.0   22379.0   22287.0   26103.5   25175.5
7.....................................   4213.5   4175.5   6317.5   6266.0   8419.5   8379.5   12582.5   12480.0   16810.0   16686.5   19684.0   18873.5   22379.5   22287.5   26104.0   25176.0
8.....................................   4214.0   4176.0   6318.0   6266.5   8420.0   8380.0   12583.0   12480.5   16810.5   16687.0   19684.5   18874.0   22380.0   22288.0   26104.5   25176.5
9.....................................   4214.5   4176.5   6318.5   6267.0   8420.5   8380.5   12583.5   12481.0   16811.0   16687.5   19685.0   18874.5   22380.5   22288.5   26105.0   25177.0
10....................................   4215.0   4177.0   6319.0   6267.5   8421.0   8381.0   12584.0   12481.5   16811.5   16688.0   19685.5   18875.0   22381.0   22289.0   26105.5   25177.5
11....................................                                       8421.5   8381.5   12584.5   12482.0   16812.0   16688.5   19686.0   18875.5   22381.5   22289.5   26106.0   25178.0
12....................................   4215.5   4178.0   6319.5   6268.5   8422.0   8382.0   12585.0   12482.5   16812.5   16689.0   19686.5   18876.0   22382.0   22290.0   26106.5   25178.5
13....................................   4216.0   4178.5   6320.0   6269.0   8422.5   8382.5   12585.5   12483.0   16813.0   16689.5   19687.0   18876.5   22382.5   22290.5   26107.0   25179.0
14....................................   4216.5   4179.0   6320.5   6269.5   8423.0   8383.0   12586.0   12483.5   16813.5   16690.0   19687.5   18877.0   22383.0   22291.0   26107.5   25179.5
15....................................   4217.0   4179.5   6321.0   6270.0   8423.5   8383.5   12586.5   12484.0   16814.0   16690.5   19688.0   18877.5   22383.5   22291.5   26108.0   25180.0
16....................................   4217.5   4180.0   6321.5   6270.5   8424.0   8384.0   12587.0   12484.5   16814.5   16691.0   19688.5   18878.0   22384.0   22292.0   26108.5   25180.5
17....................................   4218.0   4180.5   6322.0   6271.0   8424.5   8384.5   12587.5   12485.0   16815.0   16691.5   19689.0   18878.5   22384.5   22292.5   26109.0   25181.0
18....................................                     6322.5   6271.5   8425.0   8385.0   12588.0   12485.5   16815.5   16992.0   19689.5   18879.0   22385.0   22293.0   26109.5   25181.5
19....................................                     6323.0   6272.0   8425.5   8385.5   12588.5   12486.0   16816.0   16692.5   19690.0   18879.5   22385.5   22293.5   26110.0   25182.0
20....................................                     6323.5   6272.5   8426.0   8386.0   12589.0   12486.5   16816.5   16693.0   19690.5   18880.0   22386.0   22294.0   26110.5   25182.5
21....................................                     6324.0   6273.0   8426.5   8386.5   12589.5   12487.0   16817.0   16693.5   19691.0   18880.5   22386.5   22294.5
22....................................                     6324.5   6273.5   8427.0   8387.0   12590.0   12487.5   16817.5   16694.0   19691.5   18881.0   22387.0   22295.0
23....................................                     6325.0   6274.0   8427.5   8387.5   12590.5   12488.0   16818.0   16694.5                       22387.5   22295.5
24....................................                     6325.5   6274.5   8428.0   8388.0   12591.0   12488.5                                           22388.0   22296.0
25....................................                     6326.0   6275.0   8428.5   8388.5   12591.5   12489.0   16818.5   16695.5                       22388.5   22296.5
26....................................                     6326.5   6275.5   8429.0   8389.0   12592.0   12489.5   16819.0   16696.0                       22389.0   22297.0
27....................................                     6327.0   6281.0   8429.5   8389.5   12592.5   12490.0   16819.5   16696.5                       22389.5   22297.5
28....................................                     6327.5   6281.5   8430.0   8390.0   12593.0   12490.5   16820.0   16697.0                       22390.0   22298.0
29....................................                     6328.0   6282.0   8430.5   8390.5   12593.5   12491.0   16820.5   16697.5                       22390.5   22298.5
30....................................                                       8431.0   8391.0   12594.0   12491.5   16821.0   16698.0                       22391.0   22299.0
31....................................                                       8431.5   8391.5   12594.5   12492.0   16821.5   16698.5                       22391.5   22299.5
32....................................                                       8432.0   8392.0   12595.0   12492.5   16822.0   16699.0                       22392.0   22300.0
33....................................                                       8432.5   8392.5   12595.5   12493.0   16822.5   16699.5                       22392.5   22300.5
34....................................                                       8433.0   8393.0   12596.0   12493.5   16823.0   16700.0                       22393.0   22301.0
35....................................                                                         12596.5   12494.0   16823.5   16700.5                       22393.5   22301.5
36....................................                                                         12597.0   12494.5   16824.0   16701.0                       22394.0   22302.0
37....................................                                                         12597.5   12495.0   16824.5   16701.5                       22394.5   22302.5
38....................................                                                         12598.0   12495.5   16825.0   16702.0                       22395.0   22303.0
39....................................                                                         12598.5   12496.0   16825.5   16702.5                       22395.5   22303.5
40....................................                                                         12599.0   12496.5   16826.0   16703.0                       22396.0   22304.0
41....................................                                                         12599.5   12497.0   16826.5   16703.5                       22396.5   22304.5
42....................................                                                         12600.0   12497.5   16827.0   16704.0                       22397.0   22305.0
43....................................                                                         12600.5   12498.0   16827.5   16704.5                       22397.5   22305.5
44....................................                                                         12601.0   12498.5   16828.0   16705.0                       22398.0   22306.0
45....................................                                                         12601.5   12499.0   16828.5   16705.5                       22398.5   22306.5

[[Page 87]]

 
46....................................                                                         12602.0   12499.5   16829.0   16706.0                       22399.0   22307.0
47....................................                                                         12602.5   12500.0   16829.5   16706.5                       22399.5   22307.5
48....................................                                                         12603.0   12500.5   16830.0   16707.0                       22400.0   22308.0
49....................................                                                         12603.5   12501.0   16830.5   16707.5                       22400.5   22308.5
50....................................                                                         12604.0   12501.5   16831.0   16708.0                       22401.0   22309.0
51....................................                                                         12604.5   12502.0   16831.5   16708.5                       22401.5   22309.5
52....................................                                                         12605.0   12502.5   16832.0   16709.0                       22402.0   22310.0
53....................................                                                         12605.5   12503.0   16832.5   16709.5                       22402.5   22310.5
54....................................                                                         12606.0   12503.5   16833.0   16710.0                       22403.0   22311.0
55....................................                                                         12606.5   12504.0   16833.5   16710.5                       22403.5   22311.5
56....................................                                                         12607.0   12504.5   16834.0   16711.0                       22404.0   22312.0
57....................................                                                         12607.5   12505.0   16834.5   16711.5                       22404.5   22312.5
58....................................                                                         12608.0   12505.5   16835.0   16712.0                       22405.0   22313.0
59....................................                                                         12608.5   12506.0   16835.5   16712.5                       22405.5   22313.5
60....................................                                                         12609.0   12506.5   16836.0   16713.0                       22406.0   22314.0
61....................................                                                         12609.5   12507.0   16836.5   16713.5                       22406.5   22314.5
62....................................                                                         12610.0   12507.5   16837.0   16714.0                       22407.0   22315.0
63....................................                                                         12610.5   12508.0   16837.5   16714.5                       22407.5   22315.5
64....................................                                                         12611.0   12508.5   16838.0   16715.0                       22408.0   22316.0
65....................................                                                         12611.5   12509.0   16838.5   16715.5                       22408.5   22316.5
66....................................                                                         12612.0   12509.5   16839.0   16716.0                       22409.0   22317.0
67....................................                                                         12612.5   12510.0   16839.5   16716.5                       22409.5   22317.5
68....................................                                                         12613.0   12510.5   16400.0   16717.0                       22410.0   22318.0
69....................................                                                         12613.5   12511.0   16400.5   16717.5                       22410.5   22318.5
70....................................                                                         12614.0   12511.5   16411.0   16718.0                       22411.0   22319.0
71....................................                                                         12614.5   12512.0   16841.5   16718.5                       22411.5   22319.5
72....................................                                                         12615.0   12512.5   16842.0   16719.0                       22412.0   22320.0
73....................................                                                         12615.5   12513.0   16842.5   16719.5                       22412.5   22320.5
74....................................                                                         12616.0   12513.5   16843.0   16720.0                       22413.0   22321.0
75....................................                                                         12616.5   12514.0   16843.5   16720.5                       22413.5   22321.5
76....................................                                                         12617.0   12514.5   16844.0   16721.0                       22414.0   22322.0
77....................................                                                         12617.5   12515.0   16844.5   16721.5                       22414.5   22322.5
78....................................                                                         12618.0   12515.5   16845.0   16722.0                       22415.0   22323.0
79....................................                                                         12618.5   12516.0   16845.5   16722.5                       22415.5   22323.5
80....................................                                                         12619.0   12516.5   16846.0   16723.0                       22416.0   22324.0
81....................................                                                         12619.5   12517.0   16846.5   16723.5                       22416.5   22324.5
82....................................                                                         12620.0   12517.5   16847.0   16724.0                       22417.0   22325.0
83....................................                                                         12620.5   12518.0   16847.5   16724.5                       22417.5   22325.5
84....................................                                                         12621.0   12518.5   16848.0   16725.0                       22418.0   22326.0
85....................................                                                         12621.5   12519.0   16848.5   16725.5                       22418.5   22326.5
86....................................                                                         12622.0   12519.5   16849.0   16726.0                       22419.0   22327.0
87....................................                                                                             16849.5   16726.5                       22419.5   22327.5
88....................................                                                         12622.5   12520.5   16850.0   16727.0                       22420.0   22328.0
89....................................                                                         12623.0   12521.0   16850.5   16727.5                       22420.5   22328.5
90....................................                                                         12623.5   12521.5   16851.0   16728.0                       22421.0   22329.0
91....................................                                                         12624.0   12522.0   16851.5   16728.5                       22421.5   22329.5
92....................................                                                         12624.5   12522.5   16852.0   16729.0                       22422.0   22330.0
93....................................                                                         12625.0   12523.0   16852.5   16729.5                       22422.5   22330.5
94....................................                                                         12625.5   12523.5   16853.0   16730.0                       22423.0   22331.0
95....................................                                                         12626.0   12524.0   16853.5   16730.5                       22423.5   22331.5

[[Page 88]]

 
96....................................                                                         12626.5   12524.5   16854.0   16731.0                       22424.0   22332.0
97....................................                                                         12627.0   12525.0   16854.5   16731.5                       22424.5   22332.5
98....................................                                                         12627.5   12525.5   16855.0   16732.0                       22425.0   22333.0
99....................................                                                         12628.0   12526.0   16855.5   16732.5                       22425.5   22333.5
100...................................                                                         12628.5   12526.5   16856.0   16733.0                       22426.0   22334.0
101...................................                                                         12629.0   12527.0   16856.5   16733.5                       22426.5   22334.5
102...................................                                                         12629.5   12527.5   16857.0   16739.0
103...................................                                                         12630.0   12528.0   16857.5   16739.5
104...................................                                                         12630.5   12528.5   16858.0   16740.0
105...................................                                                         12631.0   12529.0   16858.5   16740.5
106...................................                                                         12631.5   12529.5   16859.0   16741.0
107...................................                                                         12632.0   12530.0   16859.5   16741.5
108...................................                                                                             16860.0   16742.0
109...................................                                                                             16860.5   16742.5
110...................................                                                                             16861.0   16743.0
111...................................                                                                             16861.5   16743.5
112...................................                                                                             16862.0   16744.0
113...................................                                                                             16862.5   16744.5
114...................................                                                                             16863.0   16745.0
115...................................                                                                             16863.5   16745.5
116...................................                                                                             16864.0   16746.0
117...................................                                                                             16864.5   16746.5
118...................................                                                                             16865.0   16747.0
119...................................                                                                             16865.5   16747.5
120...................................                                                                             16866.0   16748.0
121...................................                                                                             16866.5   16748.5
122...................................                                                                             16867.0   16749.0
123...................................                                                                             16867.5   16749.5
124...................................                                                                             16868.0   16750.0
125...................................                                                                             16868.5   16750.5
126...................................                                                                             16869.0   16751.0
127...................................                                                                             16869.5   16751.5
128...................................                                                                             16870.0   16752.0
129...................................                                                                             16870.5   16752.5
130...................................                                                                             16871.0   16753.0
131...................................                                                                             16871.5   16753.5
132...................................                                                                             16872.0   16754.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 89]]

    (2) Applicants for these frequencies must submit a substantial 
showing of need based on the following factors:
    (i) A schedule of each currently licensed NBDP frequency and the 
expected use of the proposed frequencies;
    (ii) For additional frequencies within the same MHz band, a factual 
showing of the 3 busiest hours of any 4 days within a consecutive 10 day 
period for each of the 2 months immediately preceding the filing of the 
application indicating that the applicant has used its currently 
assigned frequencies within the same MHz band an aggregate average of at 
least 40% of the 3 busiest hours of each day for exchanging 
communications; and
    (iii) Any other facts that support the need for the proposed 
assignment, e.g., evidence of radio interference by another station 
located near enough to render a currently licensed frequency 
substantially unusable.
    (b) Non-paired channels. The following table describes the 
frequencies and Channel Series with F1B or J2B emission which are 
assignable to ship stations for NB-DP and data transmissions with other 
ship stations and public coast stations. Public coast stations may 
receive only on these frequencies.

                                         Non-Paired NBDP Channels (kHz)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Channel series:
1..................................   4202.5   6300.5   8396.5   12560.0   16785.0   18893.0   22352.0   25193.0
2..................................   4203.0   6301.0   8397.0   12560.5   16785.5   18893.5   22352.5   25193.5
3..................................   4203.5   6301.5   8397.5   12561.0   16786.0   18894.0   22353.0   25194.0
4..................................   4204.0   6302.0   8398.0   12561.5   16786.5   18894.5   22353.5   25194.5
5..................................   4204.5   6302.5   8398.5   12562.0   16787.0   18895.0   22354.0   25195.0
6..................................   4205.0   6303.0   8399.0   12562.5   16787.5   18895.5   22354.5   25195.5
7..................................   4205.5   6303.5   8399.5   12563.0   16788.0   18896.0   22355.0   25196.0
8..................................   4206.0   6304.0   8400.0   12563.5   16788.5   18896.5   22355.5   25196.5
9..................................   4206.5   6304.5   8400.5   12564.0   16789.0   18897.0   22356.0   25197.0
10.................................   4207.0   6305.0   8401.0   12564.5   16789.5   18897.5   22356.5   25197.5
11.................................  .......   6305.5   8401.5   12565.0   16790.0   18898.0   22357.0   25198.0
12.................................  .......   6306.0   8402.0   12565.5   16790.5  ........   22357.5   25198.5
13.................................  .......   6306.5   8402.5   12566.0   16791.0  ........   22358.0   25199.0
14.................................  .......   6307.0   8403.0   12566.5   16791.5  ........   22358.5   25199.5
15.................................  .......   6307.5   8403.5   12567.0   16792.0  ........   22359.0   25200.0
16.................................  .......   6308.0   8404.0   12567.5   16792.5  ........   22359.5   25200.5
17.................................  .......   6308.5   8404.5   12568.0   16793.0  ........   22360.0   25201.0
18.................................  .......   6309.0   8405.0   12568.5   16793.5  ........   22360.5   25201.5
19.................................  .......   6309.5   8405.5   12569.0   16794.0  ........   22361.0   25202.0
20.................................  .......   6310.0   8406.0   12569.5   16794.5  ........   22361.5   25202.5
21.................................  .......   6310.5   8406.5   12570.0   16795.0  ........   22362.0   25203.0
22.................................  .......   6311.0   8407.0   12570.5   16795.5  ........   22362.5   25203.5
23.................................  .......   6311.5   8407.5   12571.0   16796.0  ........   22363.0   25204.0
24.................................  .......  .......   8408.0   12571.5   16796.5  ........   22363.5   25204.5
25.................................  .......  .......   8408.5   12572.0   16797.0  ........   22364.0   25205.0
26.................................  .......  .......   8409.0   12572.5   16797.5  ........   22364.5   25205.5
27.................................  .......  .......   8409.5   12573.0   16798.0  ........   22365.0   25206.0
28.................................  .......  .......   8410.0   12573.5   16798.5  ........   22365.5   25206.5
29.................................  .......  .......   8410.5   12574.0   16799.0  ........   22366.0   25207.0
30.................................  .......  .......   8411.0   12574.5   16799.5  ........   22366.5   25207.5
31.................................  .......  .......   8411.5   12575.0   16800.0  ........   22367.0   25208.0
32.................................  .......  .......   8412.0   12575.5   16800.5  ........   22367.5  ........
33.................................  .......  .......   8412.5   12576.0   16801.0  ........   22368.0  ........
34.................................  .......  .......   8413.0   12576.5   16801.5  ........   22368.5  ........
35.................................  .......  .......   8413.5  ........   16802.0  ........   22369.0  ........
36.................................  .......  .......   8414.0  ........   16802.5  ........   22369.5  ........
37.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........   16803.0  ........   22370.0  ........
38.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........   16803.5  ........   22370.5  ........
39.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........   16804.0  ........   22371.0  ........
40.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........  ........  ........   22371.5  ........
41.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........  ........  ........   22372.0  ........
42.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........  ........  ........   22372.5  ........
43.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........  ........  ........   22373.0  ........
44.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........  ........  ........   22373.5  ........
45.................................  .......  .......  .......  ........  ........  ........   22374.0  ........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 90]]

    (c) Distress and calling. The frequencies 2174.5 kHz, 4177.5 kHz, 
6268.0 kHz, 8376.5 kHz, 12520.0 kHz, and 16695.0 kHz may be used for 
NBDP and data transmissions by coast and ship stations on a simplex 
basis for distress and safety purposes.
    (d) The frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band available for assignment 
to public coast stations that are contained in Sec. 80.371(c) of this 
part are also available for radioprinter and data communications between 
ship and coast stations using F1B, F2B, F1D, or F2D emission.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 9890, Mar. 8, 1991; 57 
FR 43407, Sept. 21, 1992; 58 FR 16504, Mar. 29, 1993]



Sec. 80.363  Frequencies for facsimile.

    (a) The non-paired frequencies with F1C, F3C, J2C or J3C emission 
which are assignable to ship and public coast stations for facsimile are 
as follows:
    (1) Ship station frequencies. The following frequencies are 
available for use by authorized ship stations for facsimile.

                                 Assignable Ship Frequencies For Facsimile (kHz)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   2070.5       4154.5       6235.5       8302.5      12370.5      16551.5      18847.5     22181.5     25123.5
   2072.5       4169.5       6259.5       8338.5      12418.5      16614.5      18868.5     22238.5     25159.5
   2074.5    ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..........  ..........  ..........
   2076.5    ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..........  ..........  ..........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Coast station frequencies. The following table describes the 
exclusive maritime mobile HF frequency bands that are available for 
assignment to coast stations using 3 kHz channels for facsimile. 
However, any frequency in the 2000-27500 kHz bands listed in Part 2 of 
the Commission's Rules as available for shared use by the maritime 
mobile service and other radio services, except for the 4000-4063 kHz 
and the 8100-8195 kHz bands, is available for assignment to coast 
stations for facsimile. Frequency assignments are subject to 
coordination with government users.

                Frequency Bands for Coast Facsimile (kHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
         4221.0- 4351.0                      16904.5-17242.0
         6332.5- 6501.0                      19705.0-19755.0
         8438.0- 8707.0                      22445.5-22696.0
        12658.5-13077.0                      26122.5-26145.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) The frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band available for assignment 
to public coast stations that are contained in Sec. 80.371(c) of this 
part are also available for facsimile communications between ship and 
coast stations using F2C or F3C emission.
    (c) The frequency 156.425 MHz is assigned by rule to private coast 
stations and ship stations in Alaska for ship-to-shore and ship-to-ship 
facsimile transmissions using F2C or F3C emissions.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989; 
56 FR 9893, Mar. 8, 1991; 57 FR 43407, Sept. 21, 1992; 62 FR 40307, July 
28, 1997]

                             Radiotelephony



Sec. 80.365  Scope.

    The following sections describe the carrier frequencies and general 
conditions of use for the following types of radiotelephony:

    --Distress, urgency, safety, call and reply.
    --Working.
    --Public.
    --Private.



Sec. 80.367  General uses--radiotelephony.

    (a) Ship stations communicating with foreign coast stations may 
operate on any frequency designated by that coast station.
    (b) Radiotelephony stations communicating with a Government station 
may transmit on a Government frequency when authorized to do so by the 
Government station or agency if the emission, bandwidth and frequency 
tolerance of the maritime station are within the same limits as the 
Government station.

[[Page 91]]

    (c) Frequencies assigned to Government radio stations are assignable 
to non-Government maritime stations for radiotelephony communications 
with other non-Government stations in connection with activities 
performed in coordination with or on behalf of the Government.
    (d) Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band will be authorized only 
to ship stations that in addition are authorized to use frequencies in 
the 156-162 MHz band.
    (e) Frequencies in the 2000-2850 kHz band will be authorized to 
private coast stations that in addition are authorized to use 
frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band.
    (f) Ship and coast stations authorized to use frequencies in both 
the 2000-27500 kHz and 156-162 MHz bands must not use frequencies in the 
2000-27500 kHz band for communications with any other station which is 
within the VHF service range.
    (g) Coast and ship station radiotelephone working frequencies are 
available for DSC general purpose calling under the provisions of 
Sec. 80.207(a).
    (h) Digital selective calling techniques are not authorized on the 
frequencies 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz.



Sec. 80.369  Distress, urgency, safety, call and reply frequencies.

    This section describes the general uses and frequencies assignable 
to maritime stations for distress, urgency, safety, call and reply 
radiotelephony communications.
    (a) In the 1605-3500 kHz band, the frequency 2182 is an 
international radiotelephony distress, urgency and safety frequency for 
ship stations, public and private coast stations, and survival craft 
stations. It is also used for call and reply by ship stations on a 
primary basis and by public coast stations on a secondary basis. The 
carrier frequency 2191 kHz may be used as a supplementary calling 
frequency in areas of heavy usage of 2182 kHz. All stations must use J3E 
emission when operating on 2182 and 2191 kHz, except that:
    (1) H3E emission may be used on 2182 kHz for communications with 
foreign coast and ship stations; or,
    (2) A3E emission may be used on 2182 kHz by portable survival craft 
stations, or transmitters authorized for use prior to January 1, 1972. 
See Sec. 80.203(c).
    (b) The frequencies 4125.0 kHz, 6215 kHz, 8291 kHz, 12290 kHz, and 
16420 kHz may be used by coast and ship stations on a simplex basis for 
distress and safety communications. The frequency 4125.0 kHz may also be 
used for distress and safety communications between aircraft and 
maritime mobile stations.
    (c) The frequency 5167.5 kHz is available to any station for 
emergency communications in the State of Alaska. Peak envelope power of 
stations operating on this frequency must not exceed 150 watts. This 
frequency may also be used by Alaska private fixed stations for calling 
and listening, but only for establishing communication.
    (d) In the 4000-27500 kHz band, the following coast frequencies are 
available for assignment to public coast stations for call and reply 
communications. The paired ship frequencies are available for use by 
authorized ship stations.

          Call and Reply Frequency Pairs in the 4000-27500 kHz
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Carrier Frequencies (kHz)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Ship        Coast
                  Channel No.                     transmit     transmit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
421...........................................   1,2,3 4125     \1\ 4417
606...........................................     2,3 6215     \1\ 6516
821...........................................         8255         8779
1221..........................................    \3\ 12290        13137
1621..........................................    \3\ 16420        17302
1806..........................................        18795        19770
2221..........................................        22060        22756
2510..........................................        25097       26172
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The frequencies 4125 kHz, 4417 kHz, and 6516 kHz are also available
  on a simplex basis for private communications, see Sec.  80.373(c) of
  this part.
\2\ The frequencies of 4125 kHz and 6215 kHz are also available on a
  simplex basis to ship and coast stations for call and reply, provided
  that the peak envelope power does not exceed 1 kW.
\3\ The frequencies 4125 kHz, 6215 kHz, 8291 kHz, 12290 kHz, and 16420
  kHz are also available on a simplex basis for distress and safety
  traffic, see paragraph (b) of this section.

    (e) In the 120-156 MHz band the following frequencies are used as 
indicated:
    (1) The frequencies 121.500 MHz and 123.100 MHz using A3E emission 
are available for scene of action search and rescue operations to ship, 
coast and aircraft stations. Communications in support of search and 
rescue operations must employ the frequency 121.500 MHz only when 
communications on 123.100 MHz or other VHF frequencies is not 
practicable. Ship, coast and aircraft

[[Page 92]]

stations engaged in such communications on 121.500 MHz must shift to 
123.100 MHz as soon as possible.
    (2) The frequency 156.525 MHz is available for intership, ship and 
coast general purpose, distress and safety DSC calls.
    (3) The frequency 156.800 MHz is the international radiotelephone 
distress, urgency, safety, call and reply frequency for ship, public and 
private coast stations. Stations operating on 156.800 MHz must be able 
to transmit and receive using G3E emission.
    (4) The frequency 156.450 MHz (channel 9) is available for 
intership, ship and coast station general purpose calling by 
noncommercial vessels, such as recreational boats. Distress, urgency and 
safety calls should initially be made on 156.800 MHz (channel 16) or, if 
equipped with DSC, on 156.525 MHz (channel 70).

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
54 FR 49995, Dec. 4, 1989; 56 FR 9893, Mar. 8, 1991; 57 FR 19552, May 7, 
1992]



Sec. 80.371  Public correspondence frequencies.

    This section describes the radiotelephony working frequencies 
assignable to ship and public coast stations.
    (a) Working frequencies in the 2000-4000 kHz band. The following 
table describes the working carrier frequency pairs in the 2000-4000 kHz 
band.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Working frequency pairs in the 2000-4000 kHz band
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Carrier frequency (kHz)
               Region                -----------------------------------
                                        Ship transmit    Coast transmit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
East Coast:.........................            2031.5            2490.0
                                                2118.0        \1\ 2514.0
                                                2126.0            2522.0
                                                2142.0            2538.0
                                                2166.0            2558.0
                                                2198.0            2590.0
                                                2366.0            2450.0
                                                2382.0            2482.0
                                                2390.0            2566.0
                                                2400.0            2400.0
                                                2406.0            2442.0
                                                2406.0            2506.0
West Coat:..........................            2003.0            2450.0
                                                2009.0            2442.0
                                                2009.0            2566.0
                                                2031.5            2566.0
                                                2126.0            2522.0
                                                2206.0            2598.0
                                                2382.0            2466.0
                                                2406.0            2506.0
                                                2430.0            2482.0
Gulf Coast:.........................            2009.0            2466.0
                                                2134.0            2530.0
                                                2142.0            2538.0
                                            \1\ 2158.0        \1\ 2550.0
                                                2166.0            2558.0
                                                2206.0            2598.0
                                                2366.0            2450.0
                                                2382.0            2482.0
                                                2430.0            2572.0
                                                2458.0            2506.0
Great Lakes \2\:....................            2118.0            2514.0
                                                2158.0            2550.0
                                                2206.0            2582.0
Alaska:.............................            2131.0            2309.0
                                                2134.0            2312.0
                                                2237.0            2397.0
                                                2240.0            2400.0
Hawaii..............................            2134.0            2530.0
Caribbean:..........................            2009.0            2506.0
                                            \3\ 2086.0            2585.0
                                                2134.0            2530.0
Guam................................            2009.0            2506.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Unlimited hours of use from December 15 to April 1 and day only from
  April 1 to December 15. Harmful interference must not be caused to any
  ship station in the Great Lakes region.
\2\ In the Great Lakes region 2206 kHz is not available for transmission
  to U.S. ships except in the case of distress. U.S. coast stations in
  the Great Lakes area may use 2514, 2550 and 2582 kHz on a shared basis
  with coast stations of Canada. Except in the case of distress, the
  frequency 2550 kHz must not be used for transmission to ship stations
  of Canada since the associated ship station transmit frequency 2158
  kHz is not available to Canadian ship stations for transmission and
  2582 kHz must not be used for public correspondence transmissions to
  U.S. ship stations since the associated ship transmit frequency 2206
  kHz is not available to U.S. ship stations for transmissions except in
  the case of distress.
\3\ Limited to a peak envelope power of 150 watts.

    (b) Working frequencies in the 4000-25700 kHz band. This paragraph 
describes the working carrier frequencies in the 4000-27500 kHz band.(1) 
The following table specifies the carrier frequencies available for 
assignment to public coast stations. The paired ship frequencies are 
available for use by authorized ship stations. The specific frequency 
assignment available to public coast stations for a particular 
geographic area is indicated by an ``x'' under the appropriate column. 
The allotment areas are in accordance with the ``Standard Defined 
Areas'' as identified in the International Radio Regulations, Appendix 
25 Planning System, and indicated in the preface to the International 
Frequency List (IFL).

[[Page 93]]



                                               Working Carrier Frequency Pairs in the 4000-27500 kHz Band
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Ship      Coast
                  Channel                   transmit  transmit    USA-E     USA-W     USA-S     USA-C      VIR       HWA       ALS       PTR       GUM
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
401.......................................      4065      4357        x         x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
403.......................................      4071      4363        x         x         x         x   ........        x   ........        x   ........
404.......................................      4074      4366        x         x   ........        x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........
405.......................................      4077      4369        x         x         x         x   ........        x         x   ........  ........
409.......................................      4089      4381        x         x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
410.......................................      4092      4384        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        x
411.......................................      4095      4387        x         x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
412.......................................      4098      4390        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
414.......................................      4104      4396        x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........        x         x   ........
416.......................................      4110      4402        x         x   ........        x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........
417.......................................      4113      4405        x         x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
418.......................................      4116      4408  ........  ........  ........        x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........
419.......................................      4119      4411  ........        x         x   ........  ........        x   ........        x         x
422.......................................      4128      4420        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........
423.......................................      4131      4423        x         x         x         x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........
424.......................................      4134      4426  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
427.......................................      4143      4435        x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........  ........
428.......................................      4060      4351  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
604.......................................      6209      6510        x         x         x         x   ........        x         x         x         x
605.......................................      6212      6513  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
607.......................................      6218      6519  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
802.......................................      8198      8722        x   ........        x   ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
803.......................................      8201      8725  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
804.......................................      8204      8728        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
805.......................................      8207      8731        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
807.......................................      8213      8737  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
808.......................................      8216      8740        x         x   ........  ........  ........        x         x   ........        x
809.......................................      8219      8743        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
810.......................................      8222      8746        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
811.......................................      8225      8749        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
814.......................................      8234      8758        x         x         x         x   ........        x         x   ........  ........
815.......................................      8237      8761        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
817.......................................      8243      8767  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
819.......................................      8249      8773  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
822.......................................      8258      8782        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
824.......................................      8264      8788        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
825.......................................      8267      8791        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
826.......................................      8270      8794        x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x
829.......................................      8279      8803        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........
830.......................................      8282      8806  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........
831.......................................      8285      8809  ........        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........
836.......................................      8113      8713  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
837.......................................      8128      8716  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1201......................................     12230     13077        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1202......................................     12233     13080        x         x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1203......................................     12236     13083        x         x         x         x   ........        x         x   ........  ........
1206......................................     12245     13092        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1208......................................     12251     13098        x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1209......................................     12254     13101        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........
1210......................................     12257     13104        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        x
1211......................................     12260     13107        x         x         x         x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........
1212......................................     12263     13110        x   ........        x   ........  ........        x         x         x   ........
1215......................................     12272     13119  ........        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........
1217......................................     12278     13125  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1222......................................     12293     13140  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........
1223......................................     12296     13143        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        x
1225......................................     12302     13149        x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1226......................................     12305     13152        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1228......................................     12311     13158        x         x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1229......................................     12314     13161  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1230......................................     12317     13164        x         x         x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........
1233......................................     12326     13173  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1234......................................     12329     13176  ........        x         x   ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
1235......................................     12232     13179  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1236......................................     12335     13182  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1237......................................     12338     13185        x   ........        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........
1601......................................     16360     17242        x   ........        x   ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
1602......................................     16363     17245        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1603......................................     16366     17248        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........
1605......................................     16372     17254        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1607......................................     16378     17260        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........

[[Page 94]]

 
1609......................................     16384     17266        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1610......................................     16387     17269        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1611......................................     16390     17272        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1616......................................     16405     17287        x         x         x   ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
1620......................................     16417     17299        x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1624......................................     16429     17311        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1626......................................     16435     17317        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1631......................................     16450     17332        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1632......................................     16453     17335        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........
1641......................................     16480     17362        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1642......................................     16483     17365        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
1643......................................     16486     17368  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1644......................................     16489     17371        x         x         x         x   ........        x         x   ........  ........
1645......................................     16492     17374  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1646......................................     16495     17377  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1647......................................     16498     17380        x         x         x         x   ........  ........        x   ........  ........
1648......................................     16501     17383  ........        x   ........        x         x         x         x         x   ........
1801......................................     18780     19755        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
1802......................................     18783     19758        x   ........        x         x         x   ........  ........        x   ........
1803......................................     18786     19761        x         x   ........        x         x         x         x         x   ........
1804......................................     18789     19764  ........        x         x   ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
1805......................................     18792     19767  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........
1807......................................     18798     19773  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
1808......................................     18801     19776        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
2201......................................     22000     22696        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        x
2205......................................     22012     22708        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2210......................................     22027     22723        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2214......................................     22039     22735        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2215......................................     22042     22738        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2216......................................     22045     22741        x   ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        x
2222......................................     22063     22759        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2223......................................     22066     22762        x         x         x   ........  ........        x         x         x   ........
2227......................................     22078     22774        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2228......................................     22081     22777        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2231......................................     22090     22786        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........        x   ........  ........
2236......................................     22105     22801        x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2237......................................     22108     22804        x         x         x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2241......................................     22120     22816        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
2242......................................     22123     22819  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2243......................................     22126     22822        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
2244......................................     22129     22825  ........        x   ........  ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
2245......................................     22132     22828  ........        x         x   ........  ........        x         x   ........  ........
2246......................................     22135     22831  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2247......................................     22138     22834        x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........  ........
2501......................................     25070     26145        x         x         x         x   ........        x         x   ........  ........
2502......................................     25073     26148        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
2503......................................     25076     26151  ........  ........        x   ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
2504......................................     25079     26154        x         x         x         x         x         x         x         x   ........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) The following table specifies the non-paired carrier frequencies 
that are available for assignment to public coast stations for simplex 
operations. These frequencies are available for use by authorized ship 
stations for transmissions to coast stations (simplex operations). 
Assignments on these frequencies must accept interference. They are 
shared with government users and are considered ``common use'' 
frequencies under the international Radio Regulations. They cannot be 
notified for inclusion in the Master International Frequency Register, 
which provides stations with interference protection, but may be listed 
in the international List of Coast Stations. (See Radio Regulation No. 
1220 and Recommendation 304.)

                      Public Correspondence Simplex
  [Non-paired radiotelephony frequencies in the 4000-27500 kHz Band \1\
                       Carrier Frequencies (kHz)]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
16537........................................    18825    22174    25100
16540........................................    18828    22177    25103
                                                 18831  .......    25106
                                                 18834  .......    25109

[[Page 95]]

 
                                                 18837  .......   25112
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Coast stations limited to a maximum transmitter power of 1 kW (PEP).

    (c) Working frequencies in the marine VHF 156-162 MHz band. (1)(i) 
The frequency pairs listed in the table in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) are 
available for assignment to public coast stations for public 
correspondence communications with ship stations and units on land.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Working Carrier Frequency Pairs in the 156-162 MHz Band \1\
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Carrier frequency (MHz)
                                               -------------------------
              Channel designator                    Ship        Coast
                                                  transmit     transmit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
24............................................      157.200      161.800
84............................................      157.225      161.825
25............................................      157.250      161.850
85 \2\........................................      157.275      161.875
26............................................      157.300      161.900
86............................................      157.325      161.925
27............................................      157.350      161.950
87............................................      157.375      161.975
28............................................      157.400      162.000
88 \3\........................................      157.425     162.025
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For special assignment of frequencies in this band in certain areas
  of Washington State, the Great Lakes and the east coast of the United
  States pursuant to arrangements between the United States and Canada,
  see subpart B of this part.
\2\ The frequency pair 157.275/161.875 MHz is available on a primary
  basis to ship and public coast stations. In Alaska it is also
  available on a secondary basis to private mobile repeater stations.
\3\ Within 120 km (75 miles) of the United States/Canada border, in the
  area of the Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca and its
  approaches, the frequency 157.425 MHz is available for use by ship
  stations for public correspondence communications only. One hundred
  twenty kilometers (75 miles) from the United States/Canada border
  157.425 MHz is available for intership and commercial communications.
  Outside the Puget Sound area and its approaches and the Great Lakes,
  157.425 MHz is available for communications between commercial fishing
  vessels and associated aircraft while engaged in commercial fishing
  activities.

    (ii) Service areas in the marine VHF 156-162 MHz band are VHF Public 
Coast Station Areas (VPCSAs). As listed in the table in this paragraph, 
VPCSAs are based on, and composed of one or more of, the U.S Department 
of Commerce's 172 Economic Areas (EAs). See 60 FR 13114 (March 10, 
1995). In addition, the Commission shall treat Guam and the Northern 
Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands, 
American Samoa, and the Gulf of Mexico as EA-like areas, and has 
assigned them EA numbers 173-176, respectively. Maps of the EAs and 
VPCSAs are available for public inspection and copying at the Public 
Safety and Private Wireless Division, room 8010, 2025 M Street, NW, 
Washington, DC. Except as shown in the table, the frequency pairs listed 
in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section are available for assignment to a 
single licensee in each of the VPCSAs listed in the table in this 
paragraph. In addition to the listed EAs listed in the table in this 
paragraph, each VPCSA also includes the adjacent waters under the 
jurisdiction of the United States.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 VHF Public coast station areas (VPCSAs)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Frequency pairs
            VPCSAs                       EAs           not available for
                                                           assignment
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 (Northern Atlantic).........  1-5, 10..............  .................
2 (Mid-Atlantic)..............  9, 11-23, 25, 42, 46.  .................
3 (Southern Atlantic).........  24, 26-34, 37, 38,     .................
                                 40, 41, 174.
4 (Mississippi River).........  34, 36, 39, 43-45, 47- .................
                                 53, 67-107, 113, 116-
                                 120, 122-125, 127,
                                 130-134, 176.
5 (Great Lakes)...............  6-8, 54-66, 108, 109.  .................
6 (Southern Pacific)..........  160-165..............  .................
7 (Northern Pacific)..........  147, 166-170.........  .................
8 (Hawaii)....................  172, 173, 175........  .................
9 (Alaska)....................  171..................  .................
10 (Grand Forks)..............  110..................  84, 25.
11 (Minot)....................  111..................  84, 25.
12 (Bismarck).................  112..................  84, 25.
13 (Aberdeen).................  114..................  84, 25.
14 (Rapid City)...............  115..................  84, 25.
15 (North Platte).............  121..................  84, 25.
16 (Western Oklahoma).........  126..................  25, 85.
17 (Abilene)..................  128..................  25, 85.
18 (San Angelo)...............  129..................  25, 85.
19 (Odessa-Midland)...........  135..................  25, 85.
20 (Hobbs)....................  136..................  25, 85.
21 (Lubbock)..................  137..................  25, 85.

[[Page 96]]

 
22 (Amarillo).................  138..................  25, 85.
23 (Santa Fe).................  139..................  84, 25.
24 (Pueblo)...................  140..................  84, 25.
25 (Denver-Boulder-Greeley)...  141..................  84, 25.
26 (Scottsbluff)..............  142..................  84, 25.
27 (Casper)...................  143..................  84, 25.
28 (Billings).................  144..................  84, 25.
29 (Great Falls)..............  145..................  84, 25.
30 (Missoula).................  146..................  84, 25.
31 (Idaho Falls)..............  148..................  25, 85.
32 (Twin Falls)...............  149..................  25, 85.
33 (Boise City)...............  150..................  84, 25.
34 (Reno).....................  151..................  84, 25.
35 (Salt Lake City-Ogden).....  152..................  25, 85.
36 (Las Vegas)................  153..................  84, 25.
37 (Flagstaff)................  154..................  84, 25.
38 (Farmington)...............  155..................  84, 25.
39 (Albuquerque)..............  156..................  84, 25.
40 (El Paso)..................  157..................  25, 85.
41 (Phoenix-Mesa).............  158..................  84, 25.
42 (Tucson)...................  159..................  84, 25.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (iii) Subject to paragraph (c)(3) of this section, each licensee may 
also operate on 12.5 kHz offset frequencies in areas where the licensee 
is authorized on both frequencies adjacent to the offset frequency, and 
in areas where the licensee on the other side of the offset frequency 
consents to the licensee's use of the adjacent offset frequency.
    (2) Any recovered channel pairs will revert automatically to the 
holder of the VPCSA license within which such channels are included, 
except the channel pairs listed in the table in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of 
this section. Those channel pairs, and any channel pairs recovered where 
there is no VPCSA licensee, will be retained by the Commission for 
future licensing.
    (3) VPCSA licensees may not operate on Channel 228B (162.0125 MHz), 
which is available for use in the Coast Guard's Ports and Waterways 
Safety System (PAWSS)). In addition, within six months of the conclusion 
of the competitive bidding procedures to determine the licensees in each 
VPCSA, the U.S. Coast Guard shall submit to each licensee of VPCSAs 1-9 
a plan specifying up to two narrowband channel pairs offset 12.5 kHz 
from the channels set forth in the table in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this 
section, for use in the PAWSS. The final selection of the PAWSS channel 
pairs can be negotiated (if the VPCSA licensee objects to the Coast 
Guard proposal, it shall make a counterproposal within three months) and 
established by an agreement between the parties. All parties are 
required to negotiate in good faith. If no agreement is reached within 
one year of the date the Coast Guard submitted its plan, the Coast Guard 
may petition the Commission to select the channel pairs.
    (4) Subject to the requirements of Sec. 80.21, each VPCSA licensee 
may place stations anywhere within its region without obtaining prior 
Commission approval provided:
    (i) It provides to co-channel coast station incumbent licensees, and 
incumbent Private Land Mobile Radio licensees authorized under part 90 
of this chapter on a primary basis, protection as defined in subpart P 
of this part. VPCSA licensees that share a common border may either 
distribute the available frequencies upon mutual agreement or request 
that the Commission assign frequencies along the common border.
    (ii) The locations and/or technical parameters of the transmitters 
are such that individual coordination of the channel assignment(s) with 
a foreign administration, under applicable international agreements and 
rules in this part, is not required.

[[Page 97]]

    (iii) For any construction or alteration that would exceed the 
requirements of Sec. 17.7 of this chapter, licensees must notify the 
appropriate Regional Office of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA 
Form 7460-1) and file a request for antenna height clearance and 
obstruction marking and lighting specifications (FCC Form 854) with the 
FCC, Attn: Information Processing Branch, 1270 Fairfield Rd., 
Gettysburg, PA 17325-7245.
    (iv) The transmitters must not have a significant environmental 
effect as defined by Secs. 1.1301 through 1.1319 of this chapter.
    (d) Working frequencies in the Mississippi River System. The 
Mississippi River System includes the Mississippi River and connecting 
navigable waters other than the Great Lakes. The following simplex 
frequencies are available for assignment to public coast stations 
serving the Mississippi River System for radiotelephony communications. 
These simplex frequencies also are available for use by authorized ship 
stations within communication service range, whether or not the ship is 
operating within the confines of the Mississippi River System.

 Mississippi River System Working Frequencies; Carrier Frequencies (kHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 2086 \1\        4065        6209         8201       12362       16543
     2782        4089        6212         8213       12365       16546
                 4116        6510         8725    ..........  ..........
                 4408        6513         8737    ..........  ..........
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Limited to a maximum transmitter output of 150 watts (PEP).

    (e) Canada/U.S.A. channeling arrangement frequencies. The VHF 
frequencies assignable to ship and coast stations in the State of 
washington and their usage limitations purusant to the Canada/U.S.A. 
channeling arrangement are described in subpart B of this part.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
52 FR 48439, Dec. 22, 1987; 56 FR 9894, Mar. 8, 1991; 57 FR 26779, June 
16, 1992; 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993; 60 FR 35510, July 10, 1995; 62 FR 
40307, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 40065, July 27, 1998; 64 FR 26887, May 18, 
1999; 65 FR 77824, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.373  Private communications frequencies.

    This section describes the carrier frequencies assignable for ship-
to-ship and ship-to-coast private communications.
    (a) Special requirements for private coast stations. Assignment to 
private coast stations of radiotelephony frequencies in the 2000-27500 
kHz band are subject to the following:
    (1) Private coast stations must see J3E emission.
    (2) On 2182 kHz, private coast stations must be capable of receiving 
J3E and H3E emissions.
    (3) Except in the Mississippi River System and Great Lakes, private 
coast stations serving lakes or rivers are not authorized on the 2000-
2850 kHz band.
    (4) Private coast stations may use DSC for calling on their assigned 
frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band and on those frequencies in the 
156-162 MHz band which are allocated for maritime control, commercial 
and non-commercial communications.
    (b) Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band for intership safety and 
other communications. This paragraph describes the geographic areas of 
operation and the frequencies and liminations in the band available for 
assignment for intership safety and operational simplex radiotelephone 
communications.
    (1) Frequencies avaiable.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Carrier frequency (kHz)                  Geographic area
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2003.0....................................  Great Lakes only.
2082.5 \1\, \2\...........................  All areas.
2093.0 \1\................................  All areas.
2142.0....................................  Pacific coast areas south of
                                             42 degrees north on a day
                                             basis only.
2203.0 \2\................................  Gulf of Mexico.
2214.0 \1\................................  All areas.
2638.0 \1\................................  All areas.
2670.0....................................  All areas.
2738.0 \1\................................  All areas except the Great
                                             Lakes.
2830.0....................................  Gulf of Mexico only.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Limited to a peak envelope power of 150 watts.
\2\ Available on a secondary basis for intership communications by ships
  involved in non-commercial fishing.

    (2) Except for 2093.0 kHz and 2214.0 kHz the frequencies shown in 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section are authorized primarily for intership 
safety communications in the indicated geographic area.
    (3) Except for the frequencies 2093.0 kHz, 2214.0 Khz and 2670.0 kHz 
the frequencies shown in paragraph (b)(1) of this section may be used on 
a non-interference basis to safety communications, for operational 
communications and in the case of commercial transport ships and ships 
of municipal and

[[Page 98]]

state governments, for business communications.
    (4) Ship stations may communicate with government coast stations on 
2003.0 kHz about passage of vessels. Interference must not be caused to 
communications on the St. Lawrence Seaway and on the St. Mary's River.
    (5) Ship stations may use 2670.0 kHz for communications with coast 
and ship stations of the U.S. Coast Guard. When a ship is not equipped 
to transmit on 2670.0 kHz or in the band 156-162 MHz the frequency 
2003.0 kHz may be used on the Great Lakes for communications must not 
cause harmful interference to intership safety, operational and business 
communications.
    (6) Navigational communications between ships and private coast 
stations may be exchanged on 2738.0 kHz and 2830.0 kHz. The frequencies 
2214.0 kHz2738.0 kHz and 2830.0 kHz are assignable to private coast 
stations upon a showing that they need to communicate with commercial 
transport or Government ships. Private coast station applicants must 
show that public coast stations do not provide the required 
communications and harmful interference will not be caused to the 
intership use of these frequencies. The transmitter power must not 
exceed 150 watts. If 2214.0 kHz is authorized for ships, intership 
communication is also authorized. The geographic limitations to the 
frequencies 2738.0 KHz and 2830.0 Khz do not prohibit intership 
communication of less than 320 km (200 statute miles) when only one of 
the ship stations is within a permitted use geographic area.
    (7) Private aircraft stations may communicate with ship stations on 
2738.0 kHz and 2830.0 kHz if:
    (i) The communications are limited to business or operational needs 
of the vessel while it is engaged in commercial fishing activities in 
the open sea or adjacent waters;
    (ii) Harmful interference must not be caused to intership 
communications;
    (iii) The maximum output power used for such communication must not 
exceed 25 watts;
    (c) Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz bands for business and 
operational communications. (1) The following simplex frequencies in the 
2000-27500 kHz band are available for assignment to private coast 
stations for business and operational radiotelephone communications. 
These simplex frequencies also are available for use by authorized ship 
stations for business and operational radiotelephone communications.

           Business and Operational Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz Band; Carrier Frequencies (kHz)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2065.0 1,3......................................    4146    6224    8294   12353   16528   18840   22159   25115
2079.0 1,3......................................    4149    6227    8297   12356   16531   18843   22162   25118
2096.5 1........................................  4125 2    6230  ......   12359   16534  ......   22165  ......
3023.0 4........................................  4417 5    6516  ......  ......  ......  ......   22168  ......
                                                  5680 4  ......  ......  ......  ......  ......   22171  ......
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Limited to peak envelope power of 150 watts.
2 The frequency 4125 kHz is also available for distress and safety, and calling and reply, see Sec.  80.369 (b)
  and (d) of this part.
3 The frequencies 2065.0 kHz and 2079.0 kHz must be coordinated with Canada.
4 The frequencies 3023.0 kHz and 5680.0 kHz are available to private coast stations licensed to state and local
  governments and any scene-of-action ships for the purpose of search and rescue scene-of-action coordination
  including communications with any scene-of-action aircraft.
5 The frequency 6516 kHz is limited to daytime operations. The frequencies 4417 kHz and 6516 kHz are also
  available for calling and reply, see Sec.  80.369(d) of this part.

    (2) Assignment of these frequencies is subject to the following 
general limitations:
    (i) These frequencies are shared and are not available for the 
exclusive use of any station. No more than one frequency from each of 
the frequency bands will be authorized to a private station without 
justification;
    (ii) The emissions must be J3E except that when DSC is used the 
emission must be F1B or J2B; and
    (iii) Maximum transmitter output power is limited to 1 kW except as 
noted.
    (d) Radioprinter frequencies. (1) The following table describes the 
bands available for radioprinter simplex communications between ship and 
private coast stations:

                          Frequency bands (kHz)

2107-2170
2194-2495
2505-2850
3155-3400

[[Page 99]]


4438-4650
4750-4850
5060-5450
5730-5950
7300-8100
    (2) Ship stations may conduct radioprinter communications with 
private coast stations on frequencies within these bands which are 
assigned to their associated private coast stations;
    (3) Any alphanumeric code may be used; and
    (4) The bandwidth of radioprinter communications on frequencies 
within these bands must not exceed 300 Hz.
    (e) Frequencies in the 2000-27500 kHz band for medical advisory 
communications. (1) Private coast stations may be authorized to use any 
frequencies within the 2030-27500 kHz band that are allocated to 
Government and non-Government fixed or fixed and mobile radio services 
shown in the Commission's Table of Frequency Allocations contained in 
Sec. 2.106 of this chapter for communications with ship stations to 
provide medical treatment information or advice. Assignment of these 
frequencies is subject to the following limitations:
    (2) No protection is provided from harmful interference caused by 
foreign stations; and
    (3) A private coast station must cease operations on a frequency 
that causes harmful interference to a foreign station.
    (f) Frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band. The following tables 
describe the carrier frequencies available in the 156-162 MHz band for 
radiotelephone communications between ship and private coast stations. 
(Note: the letter ``A'' following the channel designator indicates 
simplex operation on a channel designated internationally as a duplex 
channel.)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Carrier frequency       Points of
                                         (MHz)           communication
                                 --------------------   (Intership and
       Channel designator                              between coast and
                                    Ship      Coast       ship unless
                                  transmit  transmit       otherwise
                                                          indicated)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Port Operations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
01A \1\.........................   156.050   156.050
63A \1\.........................   156.175   156.175
05A \2\.........................   156.250   156.250
65A.............................   156.275   156.275
66A.............................   156.325   156.325
12 \3\..........................   156.600   156.600
73..............................   156.675   156.675
14 \3\..........................   156.700   156.700
74..............................   156.725   156.725
77 \4\..........................   156.875  ........  Intership only.
20A\12\.........................   157.000  ........  Intership only.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Navigational (Bridge-to-Bridge)\5\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
13 \6\..........................   156.650   156.650
67 \7\..........................   156.375   156.375  ..................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Commercial
------------------------------------------------------------------------
01A \1\.........................   156.050   156.050
63A \1\.........................   156.175   156.175
07A.............................   156.350   156.350
67 \7\..........................   156.375  ........  Intership only.
08..............................   156.400  ........      Do.
09..............................   156.450   156.450
10..............................   156.500   156.500
11 \3\..........................   156.550   156.550
18A.............................   156.900   156.900
19A.............................   156.950   156.950
79A.............................   156.975   156.975
80A.............................   157.025   157.025
88A \8\.........................   157.425  ........  Intership only.
72 \14\.........................   156.625  ........  Internship only.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Digital Selective Calling
------------------------------------------------------------------------
70 \15\.........................   156.525   156.525  ..................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Noncommercial
------------------------------------------------------------------------
68 \17\.........................   156.425   156.425
09 \16\.........................   156.450   156.450  ..................
69..............................   156.475   156.475
71..............................   156.575   156.575
72..............................   156.625  ........  Intership only.
78A.............................   156.925   156.925
79A.............................   156.975   156.975  Great Lakes only.
80A.............................   157.025   157.025  Do.
67 \14\.........................   156.375  ........  Internship only.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Distress, Safety and Calling
------------------------------------------------------------------------
16..............................   156.800   156.800  EPRIB
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Intership Safety
------------------------------------------------------------------------
06..............................   156.300  ........  a. Intership, or
                                                       b. For SAR: Ship
                                                       and aircraft for
                                                       the U.S. Coast
                                                       Guard.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Environmental
------------------------------------------------------------------------
15 \13\.........................  ........   156.750  Coast to ship
                                                       only.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Maritime Control
------------------------------------------------------------------------
17 \9\, \10\....................   156.850   156.850
------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 100]]

 
                        Liaison, U.S. Coast Guard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
22A \11\........................   157.100   157.100  Ship, aircraft,
                                                       and coast
                                                       stations of the
                                                       U.S. Coast Guard
                                                       and at Lake Mead,
                                                       Nev., ship and
                                                       coast stations of
                                                       the National Park
                                                       Service, U.S.
                                                       Department of the
                                                       Interior.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ 156.050 MHz and 156.175 MHz are available for port operations and
  commercial communications purposes when used only within the U.S.
  Coast Guard designated Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) area of New
  Orleans, on the lower Mississippi River from the various pass
  entrances in the Gulf of Mexico to Devil's Swamp Light at River Mile
  242.4 above head of passes near Baton Rouge.
\2\ 156.250 MHz is available for port operations communications use only
  within the U.S. Coast Guard designated VTS radio protection areas of
  New Orleans and Houston described in Sec.  80.383. 156.250 MHz is
  available for intership port operations communications used only
  within the area of Los Angeles and Long Beach harbors, within a 25-
  nautical mile radius of Point Fermin, California.
\3\ 156.550 MHz, 156.600 MHz and 156.700 MHz are available in the U.S.
  Coast Guard designated port areas only for VTS communications and in
  the Great Lakes available primarily for communications relating to the
  movement of ships in sectors designated by the St. Lawrence Seaway
  Development Corporation or the U.S. Coast Guard. The use of these
  frequencies outside VTS and ship movement sector protected areas is
  permitted provided they cause no interference to VTS and ship movement
  communications in thier respective designated sectors.
\4\ Use of 156.875 MHz is limited to communications with pilots
  regarding the movement and docking of ships. Normal output power must
  not exceed 1 watt.
\5\ 156.375 MHz and 156.650 MHz are available primarily for intership
  navigational communications. These frequencies are available between
  coast and ship on a secondary basis when used on or in the vicinity of
  locks or drawbridges. Normal output power must not exceed 1 watt.
  Maximum output power must not exceed 10 watts for coast stations or 25
  watts for ship stations.
\6\ On the Great Lakes, in addition to bridge-to-bridge communications,
  156.650 MHz is available for vessel control purposes in established
  vessel traffic systems. 156.650 MHz is not available for use in the
  Mississippi River from South Pass Lighted Whistle Buoy ``2'' and
  Southwest Pass entrance Midchannel Lighted Whistle Buoy to mile 242.4
  above Head of Passes near Baton Rouge. Additionally it is not
  available for use in the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet, the
  Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal, and the Inner Harbor Navigational
  Canal, except to aid the transition from these areas.
\7\ Use of 156.375 MHz is available for navigational communications only
  in the Mississippi River from South Pass Lighted Whistle Buoy ``2''
  and Southwest Pass entrance Mid-channel Lighted Whistle Buoy to mile
  242.4 above head of Passes near Baton Rouge, and in addition over the
  full length of the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal from entrance
  to its junction with the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, and over the
  full length of the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal from its junction
  with the Mississippi River to its entry to Lake Pontchartrain at the
  New Seabrook vehicular bridge.
\8\ Within 120 km (75 miles) of the United States/Canada border, in the
  area of the Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca and its
  approaches, 157.425 MHz is half of the duplex pair designated as
  Channel 88. In this area, Channel 88 is available to ship stations for
  communications with public coast stations only. More than 120 km (75
  miles) from the United States/Canada border in the area of the Puget
  Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca, its approaches, the Great Lakes,
  and the St. Lawrence Seaway, 157.425 MHz is available for intership
  and commercial communications. Outside Puget Sound area and its
  approaches and the Great Lakes, 157.425 MHz is also available for
  communications between commercial fishing vessels and associated
  aircraft while engaged in commercial fishing activities.
\9\ When the frequency 156.850 MHz is authorized, it may be used
  additionally for search and rescue training exercises conducted by
  state or local governments.
\10\ The frequency 156.850 MHz is additionally available to coast
  stations on the Great Lakes for transmission of scheduled Coded Marine
  Weather Forecasts (MAFOR), Great Lakes Weather Broadcast (LAWEB) and
  unscheduled Notices to Mariners or Bulletins. F3C and J3C emissions
  are permitted. Coast Stations on the Great Lakes must cease weather
  broadcasts which cause interference to stations operating on 156.800
  MHz until the interference problem is resolved.
\11\ The frequency 157.100 MHz is authorized for search and rescue
  training exercises by state or local government in conjunction with
  U.S. Coast Guard stations. Prior U.S. Coast Guard approval is
  required. Use must cease immediately on U.S. Coast Guard request.
\12\ The duplex pair for channel 20 (157.000/161.600 MHz) may be used
  for ship to coast station communications.
\13\ Available for assignment to coast stations, the use of which is in
  accord with an agreed program, for the broadcast of information to
  ship stations concerning the environmental conditions in which vessels
  operate, i.e., weather; sea conditions; time signals; notices to
  mariners; and hazards to navigation.
\14\ Available only in the Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
\15\ The frequency 156.525 MHz is to be used exclusively for distress,
  safety and calling using digital selective calling techniques. No
  other uses are permitted.
\16\ The frequency 156.450 MHz is available for intership, ship and
  coast general purpose calling by noncommercial vessels, such as
  recreational boats and private coast stations.
\17\ The frequency 156.425 MHz is assigned by rule to private coast
  stations in Alaska for facsimile transmissions as well as voice
  communications.

    (g) On-board communications: This section describes the carrier 
frequency pairs assignable for on-board mobile radiotelephony 
communications. The center of the on-board repeater antenna must not be 
located more than 3 meters (10 feet) above the ship's working deck. 
These frequencies are available on a shared basis with stations in the 
Business Radio Service.

                 Frequencies for On-Board Communications
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Carrier frequency (MHz)
                                       ---------------------------------
                Channel                                      On-board
                                        On-board mobile      repeater
                                            station        station \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................          467.750          457.525
2.....................................          467.775          457.550
3.....................................          467.800          457.575
4.....................................          467.825         457.600
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ These frequencies may also be assigned to mobile stations for single
  frequency simplex operation.

    (h) Repeater frequencies in Alaska. The following frequencies are 
assignable on a primary basis to public and on a secondary basis to 
private coast stations

[[Page 101]]

in Alaska for maritime repeater operations:
Repeater receive: 157.275 MHz
Repeater transmit: 161.875 MHz

    (i) Frequencies in the 1600-5450 kHz band for private communications 
in Alaska. The following simplex frequencies are available for 
assignment to private fixed stations located in the State of Alaska for 
radiotelephony communications with ship stations. These simplex 
frequencies are available for use by authorized ship stations for 
radiotelephony communications with private fixed stations located in the 
State of Alaska.

       Private communications in Alaska Carrier frequencies (kHz)
1619.0                                               2382.0       2563.0
1622.0                                               2419.0       2566.0
1643.0                                               2422.0       2590.0
1646.0                                               2427.0       2616.0
1649.0                                               2430.0       3258.0
1652.0                                               2447.0   \1\ 3261.0
1705.0                                               2450.0       4366.0
1709.0                                               2479.0       4369.0
1712.0                                               2482.0       4396.0
2003.0                                               2506.0       4402.0
2006.0                                               2509.0       4420.0
2115.0                                               2512.0       4423.0
2118.0                                               2535.0   \2\ 5167.5
2379.0                                               2538.0  ...........
 
\1\ Ship stations must limit use of 3261.0 kHz to communications over
  distances which cannot be reached by the use of frequency below 2700
  kHz or above 156.000 MHz.
\2\ The frequency 5167.5 kHz is available for emergency communications
  in Alaska. Peak envelope power of stations operating on this frequency
  must not exceed 150 watts. When a station in Alaska is authorized to
  use 5167.5 kHz, such station may also use this frequency for calling
  and listening for the purpose of establishing communications.

    (j) Frequencies for portable ship stations. VHF frequencies 
authorized for stations authorized carrier frequencies in the 156.275 
MHz to 157.450 MHz and 161.575 MHz to 162.025 MHz bands may also be 
authorized as marine utility stations. Marine-utility stations on shore 
must not cause interference to any VHF or coast station, VHF or UHF land 
mobile base station, or U.S. Government station.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986, as amended at 52 
FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 53 FR 17052, May 13, 1988; 54 FR 8542, Mar. 1, 
1989; 54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989; 56 FR 9896, Mar. 8, 1991; 56 FR 
34030, July 25, 1991; 57 FR 19552, May 7, 1992; 57 FR 26779, June 16, 
1992; 58 FR 16504, Mar. 29, 1993; 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993; 60 FR 
35510, July 10, 1995; 62 FR 40307, July 28, 1997; 65 FR 43715, July 14, 
2000]



Sec. 80.374  Special provisions for frequencies in the 4000-4063 kHz and the 8100-8195 kHz bands shared with the fixed service.

    Until implementation procedures and schedules are determined by a 
conference of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the 
bands 4000-4063 kHz and 8100-8195 kHz are allocated on a shared primary 
basis between the fixed service and the maritime mobile service; see 
Sec. 2.106, note US236, of the Commission's Rules. Frequency assignments 
in the 4000-4063 kHz and 8100-8195 kHz bands are subject to coordination 
with government users. Additionally, coast station assignments in the 
4000-4063 kHz band deviate from international provisions. Coast station 
assignments in the 4000-4063 kHz band are permitted provided that 
harmful interference is not caused to, and must accept interference 
from, stations operated by other countries in accordance with the Radio 
Regulations (see Radio Regulation Nos. 342 and 517).
    (a) Frequencies in the 4000-4063 kHz band. (1) The frequencies in 
the 4000-4063 kHz bands are available to ship and public coast stations 
for:
    (i) Supplementary ship-to-shore duplex operations with coast 
stations assigned the frequencies described in Sec. 80.371(b) of this 
part;
    (ii) Intership simplex operations and cross-band operations;
    (iii) Ship-to-shore or shore-to-ship simplex operations; or
    (iv) Duplex operations with coast stations assigned in the band 
4438-4650 kHz, as described in Sec. 80.373(d) of this part.
    (2) The following table describes the channelization of carrier 
frequencies in the 4000-4063 kHz band.

                        Carrier Frequencies (kHz)
       4000               4015               4030              4045
       4003               4018               4033              4048
       4006               4021               4036              4051
       4009               4024               4039              4054
       4012               4027               4042              4057
 

    (b) Frequencies in the 8100-8195 kHz band. (1) The frequencies in 
the 8100-8195 kHz bands are available to ship and public coast stations 
for:

[[Page 102]]

    (i) Supplementary ship-to-shore duplex operations with coast 
stations assigned the frequencies described in Sec. 80.371(b) of this 
part;
    (ii) Intership simplex operations and cross-band operations; or
    (iii) Ship-to-shore or shore-to-ship simplex operations.
    (2) The following table describes the channelization of carrier 
frequencies in the 8100-8195 kHz band.

                        Carrier Frequencies (kHz)
           8101                     8137                    8167
           8104                     8140                    8170
           8107                     8143                    8173
           8110                     8146                    8176
           8116                     8149                    8179
           8119                     8152                    8182
           8122                     8155                    8185
           8125                     8158                    8188
           8131                     8161                    8191
           8134                     8164
 


[56 FR 9896, Mar. 8, 1991, as amended at 65 FR 77826, Dec. 13, 2000]

                           Radiodetermination



Sec. 80.375  Radiodetermination frequencies.

    This section describes the carrier frequencies assignable to 
radiodetermination stations. Only direction finding radar stations will 
be authorized on land.
    (a) Direction finding frequencies. The carrier frequencies 
assignable to ship stations for direction finding operations are:

                            Carrier frequency

410 kHz
500 kHz
2182 kHz
8364 kHz
121.500 MHz
243.000 MHz

    (1) Except in distress the assigned frequency for direction finding 
is 410 kHz;
    (2) Ship stations may use 500 kHz for direction finding exclusively 
in Regions 1 and 3 outside areas of heavy radio traffic. Use must not 
interfere with distress urgency and safety signals or calls and replies.
    (b) Radiodetermination frequencies for cable-repair ships. Except in 
Region 1 the channels in the 285-325 kHz band are assignable to ship 
stations for cable-repair radiodetermination operations. In Region 1 the 
channels available for assignment for such operations are limited to the 
285-315 kHz band. The conditions of use of these channels are set forth 
in subpart X of this part. Channel usage must comply with the following 
requirements:
    (1) They are not permitted within the territorial waters of a 
foreign country;
    (2) Their output power must not exceed 15 watts; and
    (3) They must not cause interference to any maritime station in the 
radionavigation service.
    (c) Radiodetermination frequencies below 500 MHz. The frequencies 
154.585 MHz, 159.480 MHz, 160.725 MHz, 160.785 MHz, 454.000 MHz and 
459.000 MHz are authorized for offshore radiolocation and associated 
telecommand operations under a ship station license provided:
    (1) The use of these frequencies is related to the ship's commercial 
operations;
    (2) The station antenna height does not exceed 6 meters (20 feet) 
above sea level in a buoy station or 6 meters (20 feet) above the mast 
of the ship in which it is installed.
    (d) Radiodetermination frequency bands above 2400 MHz. (1) The 
radiodetermination frequency bands assignable to ship and shore stations 
including ship and shore radar and transponder stations are as follows: 
2450-2500 MHz; 2900-3100 MHz; 5460-5650 MHz; 9300-9500 MHz; and 14.00-
14.05 GHz.
    (2) Assignment of these bands to ship and coast stations are subject 
to the following conditions:
    (i) The 2450-2500 MHz band may be used only for radiolocation on the 
condition that harmful interference must not be caused to the fixed and 
mobile services. No protection is provided from interference caused by 
emissions from industrial, scientific, or medical equipment;
    (ii) The use of the 2900-3100 MHz, 5470-5650 MHz and 9300-9500 MHz 
bands for radiolocation must not cause harmful interference to the 
radionavigation and Government radiolocation services. Additionally, the 
use of the 2900-3000 MHz band for radiolocation must not cause harmful 
interference to the

[[Page 103]]

Government meteorological aids service.
    (iii) In the 2920-3100 MHz and 9320-9500 MHz bands the use of fixed-
frequency transponders for radionavigation is not permitted;
    (iv) Non-Government radiolocation stations may be authorized in the 
5460-5470 MHz band on the condition that harmful interference shall not 
be caused to the aeronautical or maritime radionavigation services or to 
Government radiolocation service;
    (v) The use of the 5460-5650 MHz band for radionavigation is limited 
to shipborne radar;
    (vi) The use of the 14.00-14.05 GHz band will be authorized only for 
test purposes and maritime radionavigation on a secondary basis to the 
fixed-satellite service; and
    (vii) Selectable transponders must be authorized under Part 5 of the 
Commission rules until technical standards for their use are developed.
    (3) In addition to the conditions in (2) of this paragraph ship 
stations are subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Transponders used for safety purposes will be authorized in the 
2900-3100 MHz, 5470-5650 MHz and 9300-9500 MHz bands. Transponders used 
for non-safety purposes will be confined to the 2930-2950 MHz, 5470-5480 
MHz and 9300-9500 MHz subbands only;
    (ii) In the 2900-2920 MHz and 9300-9320 MHz subbands the use of 
radars other than those installed prior to January 2, 1976, is not 
permitted;
    (iii) In the 2920-3100 MHz and 9320-9500 MHz bands non-selectable 
transponders will be authorized only for safety purposes;
    (iv) Non-selectable transponders must not be used to enhance 
detection of marine craft;
    (4) In the 2920-3100 MHz and 9320-9500 MHz bands shore station radar 
transponders used only as racons will be authorized.
    (e) In addition to the other technical requirements contained in 
subpart E of this part search and rescue transponder stations must meet 
the following technical standards contained in the latest international 
Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) Recommendation 628 titled 
``Technical Characteristics for a Search and Rescue Radar Transponder'':
    (1) Operate in the 9300-9500 MHz band;
    (2) Be horizontally polarized at their source;
    (3) Have an effective receiver sensitivity including its antenna 
gain better than -50 dBm;
    (4) Operate within specifications between the temperatures of -20 
and +50 degrees Celsius;
    (5) Operate within specifications for at least 48 hours at 0 degrees 
Celsius without changing batteries;
    (6) Have a sawtooth sweep with a 5 microseconds  0.5 
microseconds rate and return of less than 0.5 microseconds;
    (7) Have a pulse emission of 100 microseconds maximum duration;
    (8) Have a recovery time following excitation of 10 microseconds or 
less;
    (9) Have a delay between receipt of a radar signal and start of 
transmissions of 1.25 microseconds or less;
    (10) Have an antenna whose vertical beamwidth is no less than 25 
degrees and its azimuthal beamwidth is omnidirectional within 2 dB; and
    (11) Suppress interference caused by the interrogating radar 
antenna's sidelobes.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 7419, Mar. 11, 1987; 55 
FR 6394, Feb. 23, 1990; 57 FR 26779, June 16, 1992; 58 FR 44953, Aug. 
25, 1993]

                           Ship Earth Stations



Sec. 80.377  Frequencies for ship earth stations.

    The frequency band 1626.5-1645.5 MHz is assignable for 
communication, radiodetermination and telecommand messages, and 
developmental operations that are associated with the position, 
orientation and operational functions of maritime satellite equipment. 
The frequency band 1645.5-1646.5 MHz is reserved for use in the Global 
Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS).

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 57 FR 26779, June 16, 1992]

[[Page 104]]

                            Aircraft Stations



Sec. 80.379  Maritime frequencies assignable to aircraft stations.

    This section describes the maritime frequencies assignable to 
aircraft stations for simplex operations:
    (a) Available frequencies:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Carrier frequency                    Conditions of use
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2738 kHz.............................................                (1)
2830 kHz.............................................                (1)
3023 kHz.............................................                (2)
4125 kHz.............................................                (3)
5680 kHz.............................................                (2)
121.500 MHz..........................................                (4)
123.100 MHz..........................................                (4)
156.300 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.375 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.400 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.425 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.450 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.625 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.800 MHz..........................................                (5)
156.900 MHz..........................................                (5)
157.100 MHz..........................................                (6)
157.425 MHz..........................................             (5)(7)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) The conditions of use of the carrier frequencies in paragraph 
(a) of this section, are:
    (1) For permissible geographic areas of operation see 
Sec. 80.373(b)(1). For other limitations see Sec. 80.373(b)(7);
    (2) Aircraft and ship stations may use 3023.0 kHz and 5680.0 kHz for 
search and rescue scene-of-action coordination including communications 
between these stations and participating land stations. Stations using 
these frequencies must use J3E emission;
    (3) Assignable for distress and safety communications between 
aircraft and maritime mobile stations;
    (4) Assignable for search and rescue between ships and aircraft. 
Stations using these frequencies must use A3E emission;
    (5) These frequencies may be used by aircraft stations when:
    (i) The altitude of aircraft stations does not exceed 300 meters 
(1,000 feet), except for reconnaissance aircraft participating in 
icebreaking operations where an altitude of 450 meters (1,500 feet) is 
allowed;
    (ii) The mean power of aircraft stations must not exceed five watts;
    (iii) Communications are limited to operations in which the maritime 
mobile stations are primarily involved and where direct communications 
between the aircraft and the ship or coast station is required;
    (iv) Stations may use 156.300 MHz for safety purposes only;
    (v) Stations may use 156.800 MHz for distress, safety and calling 
only; and
    (vi) Use of 156.375 MHz by aircraft is not permitted in the New 
Orleans VTS area specified in Sec. 80.383.
    (6) The use of 157.100 MHz is limited to communications with 
stations of the Department of Interior at Lake Mead, Nevada; and
    (7) Commercial fishing vessels and associated aircraft may use 
157.425 MHz while engaged in commercial fishing activities except within 
120 km (75 miles) of the United States/Canada border and Puget Sound and 
the Strait of Juan de Fuca and its approaches, the Great Lakes, and the 
St. Lawrence Seaway.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]

                       Operational Fixed Stations



Sec. 80.381  Frequencies for operational fixed stations.

    The following carrier frequencies in the 72-76 MHz band are 
assignable to operational fixed stations using vertical polarization, if 
no harmful interference is caused to TV reception on Channels 4 and 5. 
These frequencies are shared with the Land Mobile and Aviation Radio 
Services.

           Operational Fixed Frequencies in the 72-76 MHz Band
                        Carrier frequency in MHz
    72.02        72.28       72.64       72.90       75.68       75.94
    72.04        72.30       72.66       72.92       75.70       75.96
    72.06        72.32       72.68       72.94       75.72       75.98
    72.08        72.34       72.70       72.96       75.74    ..........
    72.10        72.36       72.72       72.98       75.76    ..........
    72.12        72.38       72.74       75.42       75.78    ..........
    72.14        72.40       72.76       75.46       75.80    ..........
    72.16        72.42       72.78       75.50       75.82    ..........
    72.18        72.46       72.80       75.54       75.84    ..........
    72.20        72.50       72.82       75.58       75.86    ..........
    72.22        72.54       72.84       75.62       75.88    ..........
    72.24        72.58       72.86       75.64       75.90    ..........
    72.26        72.62       72.88       75.66       75.92    ..........
 


[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989]

[[Page 105]]

                  Vessel Traffic Services System (VTS)



Sec. 80.383  Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) system frequencies.

    This section describes the carrier frequencies available for use in 
the Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) systems within the 
designated geographic radio protected areas.
    (a) Assigned frequencies:

                   Vessel Traffic Control Frequencies
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Carrier frequencies (MHz)                Geographic areas
------------------------------------------------------------------------
156.250.........................  Seattle.
156.550.........................  New York, New Orleans,\2\ Houston,
                                   Prince William Sound,\2\ Berwick Bay.
156.600.........................  New York, New Orleans,\2\ Houston, San
                                   Francisco,\2\ Sault Ste. Marie.\2\
156.700.........................  New York, New Orleans,\2\ Seattle, San
                                   Francisco.\1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Private coast station licenses for the use of this frequency will
  not be renewed beyond November 1, 1997. Continued use until expiration
  must be on a noninterference basis to Coast Guard VTS communications.
\2\ Private coast station licenses for the use of this frequency in this
  area will expire at the end of the current license term or five years
  after the adopted date of the final rule, whichever comes first.
  Continued use until expiration must be on a noninterference basis to
  Coast Guard VTS communications.

    (b) The U.S. Coast Guard designated radio protection areas for VTS 
are as follows:
    (1) New York. The rectangle between north latitudes 40 degrees and 
42 degrees and west longitudes 71 degrees and 74 degrees 30 minutes;
    (2) New Orleans. The rectangle between North latitudes 27 degrees 30 
minutes and 31 degrees 30 minutes and West longitudes 87 degrees 30 
minutes and 93 degrees;
    (3) Houston. The rectangle between north latitudes 28 degrees 30 
minutes and 30 degrees 20 minutes and west longitudes 93 degrees 30 
minutes and 96 degrees;
    (4) Seattle (Puget Sound). The area encompassed between the United 
States-Canadian border and a line drawn from 49 degrees North 121 
degrees West on the United States-Canadian Border, to 46 degrees 30 
minutes North 121 degrees West, then to 46 degrees 30 minutes North 125 
degrees West, then to 48 degrees 30 minutes North 125 degrees West, and 
then east to the United States-Canadian Border;
    (5) San Francisco. The rectangle between north latitudes 39 degrees 
and 37 degrees and west longitudes 120 degrees 50 minutes and 123 
degrees 20 minutes; and
    (6) Prince William Sound. The rectangle between North latitudes 61 
degrees 17 minutes and 59 degrees 22 minutes and West longitudes 149 
degrees 39 minutes and 145 degrees 36 minutes.
    (7) Sault Ste. Marie. The rectangle between North latitudes 45 
degrees and 47 degrees, and West longitudes 83 degrees and 85 degrees.
    (8) Berwick Bay. The rectangle between North latitudes 28 degrees 30 
minutes and 30 degrees 30 minutes, and West longitudes 90 degrees 50 
minutes and 92 degrees.
    (c) The use of the frequencies shown in paragraph (a) of this 
section is permitted in areas outside the Coast Guard radio protection 
areas provided there is no interference to VTS communications within the 
VTS areas.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
54 FR 8746, Mar. 2, 1989; 55 FR 46514, Nov. 5, 1990; 58 FR 16504, Mar. 
29, 1993; 61 FR 26120, May 24, 1996; 61 FR 26466, May 28, 1996; 63 FR 
53313, Oct. 5, 1998]

                            Automated Systems



Sec. 80.385  Frequencies for automated systems.

    This section describes the carrier frequencies for the Automated 
Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS) and for other automated multi-
station systems.
    (a) Automated Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS). (1) The 
Automated Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS) is an integrated and 
interconnected maritime communications system.
    (2) The following carrier frequency pairs are available for 
radiotelephony, facsimile and teleprinter communications. AMTS 
operations must not cause harmful interference to the U.S. Navy SPASUR 
system which operates in the band 216.880-217.080 MHz.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Carrier frequency (MHz)
                               -----------------------------------------
          Channel No.               Ship          Coast
                                transmit \1\  transmit \2\      Group
------------------------------------------------------------------------
101...........................  ............      216.0125  D
102...........................  ............      216.0375  ............
103...........................  ............      216.0625  ............
104...........................  ............      216.0875  ............
105...........................  ............      216.1125  ............
106...........................  ............      216.1375  ............

[[Page 106]]

 
107...........................  ............      216.1625  ............
108...........................  ............      216.1875  ............
109...........................  ............      216.2125  ............
110...........................  ............      216.2375  ............
111...........................  ............      216.2625  ............
112...........................  ............      216.2875  ............
113...........................  ............      216.3125  ............
114...........................  ............      216.3375  ............
115...........................  ............      216.3625  ............
116...........................  ............      216.3875  ............
117...........................  ............      216.4125  ............
118...........................  ............      216.4375  ............
119...........................  ............      216.4625  ............
120...........................  ............      216.4875  ............
121...........................  ............      216.5125  C
122...........................  ............      216.5375  ............
123...........................  ............      216.5625  ............
124...........................  ............      216.5875  ............
125...........................  ............      216.6125  ............
126...........................  ............      216.6375  ............
127...........................  ............      216.6625  ............
128...........................  ............      216.6875  ............
129...........................  ............      216.7125  ............
130...........................  ............      216.7375  ............
131...........................  ............      216.7625  ............
132...........................  ............      216.7875  ............
133...........................  ............      216.8125  ............
134...........................  ............      216.8375  ............
135...........................  ............      216.8625  ............
136...........................  ............      216.8875  ............
137...........................  ............      216.9125  ............
138...........................  ............      216.9375  ............
139...........................  ............      216.9625  ............
140...........................  ............      216.9875  ............
141...........................      219.0125      217.0125  B
142...........................      219.0375      217.0375  ............
143...........................      219.0625      217.0625  ............
144...........................      219.0875      217.0875  ............
145...........................      219.1125      217.1125  ............
146...........................      219.1375      217.1375  ............
147...........................      219.1625      217.1625  ............
148...........................      219.1875      217.1875  ............
149...........................      219.2125      217.2125  ............
150...........................      219.2375      217.2375  ............
151...........................      219.2625      217.2625  ............
152...........................      219.2875      217.2875  ............
153...........................      219.3125      217.3125  ............
154...........................      219.3375      217.3375  ............
155...........................      219.3625      217.3625  ............
156...........................      219.3875      217.3875  ............
157...........................      219.4125      217.4125  ............
158...........................      219.4375      217.4375  ............
159...........................      219.4625      217.4625  ............
160...........................      219.4875      217.4875  ............
161...........................      219.5125      217.5125  A
162...........................      219.5375      217.5375  ............
163...........................      219.5625      217.5625  ............
164...........................      219.5875      217.5875  ............
165...........................      219.6125      217.6125  ............
166...........................      219.6375      217.6375  ............
167...........................      219.6625      217.6625  ............
168...........................      219.6875      217.6875  ............
169...........................      219.7125      217.7125  ............
170...........................      219.7375      217.7375  ............
171...........................      219.7625      217.7625  ............
172...........................      219.7875      217.7875  ............
173...........................      219.8125      217.8125  ............
174...........................      219.8375      217.8375  ............
175...........................      219.8625      217.8625  ............
176...........................      219.8875      217.8875  ............
177...........................      219.9125      217.9125  ............
178...........................      219.9375      217.9375  ............
179...........................      219.9625      217.9625  ............
180...........................      219.9875      217.9875  ............
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Ship transmit frequencies in Group C and D are not authorized for
  AMTS use.
\2\ Coast station operation on frequencies in Groups C and D are not
  currently assignable and are shared on a secondary basis with the Low
  Power Radio Service in part 95 of this chapter. Frequencies in the
  band 216.750-217.000 MHz band are available for low power point-to-
  point network control communications by AMTS coast stations under the
  Low Power Radio Service (LPRS). LPRS operations are subject to the
  conditions that no harmful interference is caused to the United States
  Navy's SPASUR radar system (216.88-217.08 MHz) or to TV reception
  within the Grade B contour of any TV channel 13 station or within the
  68 dBu predicted contour of any low power TV or TV translator station
  operating on channel 13.


    (3) Channels in the 219-220 MHz band are also used on a secondary, 
non-interference basis by amateur stations participating in digital 
message forwarding systems. Amateur stations may not cause harmful 
interference to AMTS operations and must accept any harmful interference 
from AMTS operation. Amateur stations within 80 km (50 miles) of an AMTS 
coast station must obtain written approval from the AMTS licensee prior 
to operating in the 219-220 MHz band. Amateur stations within 640 km 
(398 miles) of an AMTS coast station must notify the AMTS licensee in 
writing at least 30 days prior to initiation of operations in the 219-
220 MHz band. All amateur stations must notify the American Radio Relay 
League in writing at least 30 days prior to initiation of operations in 
the 219-220 MHz band (ARRL, 225 Main St., Newington, CT 06111-1494).
    (b) Narrowband operations in AMTS. AMTS licensees may operate on 
frequencies offset from the assignable channels specified in paragraph 
(a)(2) of this section provided such licensees are also licensed for 
channels on each side of the offset frequency. Licensees using offset 
frequencies must conform with all other conditions of operation.
    (c) Automated multi-station system. Great Lakes Region. The 
following table describes the assignable carrier frequency pairs to 
provide communication services including automated calling, teleprinter 
and facsimile:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Carrier frequency (MHz)
   Channel designator   ------------------------------------------------
                              Ship transmit           Coast transmit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
               17                     None             \1\ 156.850

[[Page 107]]

 
               84                  157.225                 161.825
               85                  157.275                 161.875
               86                  157.325                 161.925
               87                  157.375                 161.975
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The frequency 156.850 MHz is used only to transmit scheduled weather
  broadcasts.


[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 29041, July 11, 1989; 
56 FR 3783, Jan. 31, 1991; 57 FR 26780, June 16, 1992; 60 FR 15687, Mar. 
27, 1995; 61 FR 46566, Sept. 4, 1996]

                          Alaska Fixed Stations



Sec. 80.387  Frequencies for Alaska fixed stations.

    (a) The carrier frequencies listed in (b) of this section are 
assignable for point-to-point simplex radiotelephone communications 
between private fixed stations in Alaska. The frequency pairs listed in 
paragraph (d) of this section are assignable for point-to-point duplex 
radiotelephone communications between private and public fixed stations 
in Alaska. Fixed stations in Alaska authorized to share carrier 
frequencies with the maritime mobile service must always give priority 
on such frequencies to maritime distress, urgency and safety 
communications.
    (b) Alaska-private fixed station frequencies:

                        Carrier frequencies (kHz)
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1643.0........................................       2430.0       2773.0
1646.0........................................       2447.0       3164.5
1649.0........................................       2450.0       3183.0
1652.0........................................       2463.0       3196.0
1657.0........................................       2466.0       3201.0
1660.0 \1\....................................       2471.0       3258.0
1705.0........................................       2479.0       3261.0
1709.0........................................       2482.0       3303.0
1712.0........................................       2506.0       3365.0
2003.0........................................       2509.0       4035.0
2006.0........................................       2512.0       5164.5
2115.0........................................       2535.0   \3\ 5167.5
2118.0........................................       2538.0       5204.5
2253.0........................................       2563.0   \2\ 6948.5
2400.0........................................       2566.0   \2\ 7368.5
2419.0........................................       2601.0       8067.0
2422.0........................................       2616.0       8070.0
2427.0........................................       2691.0  \2\ 11437.0
                                                ...........  \2\ 11601.5
\1\ Use of 1660.0 kHz must be coordinated to protect radiolocation on
  adjacent channels.
\2\ Peak envelope power must not exceed 1 kW for radiotelephony.
  Teleprinter use is authorized.
\3\ The frequency 5167.5 kHz is available for emergency communications
  in Alaska. Peak envelope power of stations operating on this frequency
  must not exceed 150 watts. When a station in Alaska is authorized to
  use 5167.5 kHz, such station may also use this frequency for calling
  and listening for the purpose of establishing communications.

    (c) Use of the frequencies in paragraph (b) of this section must 
meet the following conditions:
    (1) Communications between private coast and private fixed stations 
are prohibited; and
    (2) Station licensees must not charge for third party communication 
services between their station and any other private fixed station.
    (d) The following carrier frequency pairs are assignable for point-
to-point communications between public fixed and private fixed stations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Public fixed station frequencies    Private fixed Station frequencies
              (kHz)                                (kHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            \1\ 2312.0                                 2632.0
                2604.0                                 2256.0
                2781.0                             \3\ 2474.0
                2784.0                                 2694.0
                3167.5                                 3354.0
                3180.0                                 2776.0
                3241.0                                 3357.0
                3362.0                                 3238.0
            \2\ 4791.5                                 5207.5
                5370.0                \4\ 5134.5, \4\ 5137.5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ This frequency is assignable on a primary basis to public coast
  stations and on a secondary basis to public fixed stations.
\2\ Teleprinter use is authorized.
\3\ Peak envelope power must not exceed 1 kW.
\4\ Licensees must cease all communications on 5134.5 kHz and 5137.5 kHz
  when notified by the State of Alaska of an emergency or disaster.
  Licensees may resume communication on these frequencies when notified
  by the State of Alaska that the disaster or harmful interference has
  ended.

    (e) The public fixed station frequencies are assignable to common 
carriers.
    (f) The private fixed station frequencies described in paragraph (d) 
of this section are assignable to private entities located in areas 
where common carrier facilities are not available. Private fixed 
stations operating on the frequencies in paragraph (d) of this section, 
must communicate with public fixed stations only. Private fixed stations 
are permitted to provide third party communications between their 
station and the public fixed stations. A charge for such service is 
prohibited.

[[Page 108]]

    (g) U.S. Government frequencies will be authorized if the Commission 
determines that the assignment is in the public interest.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
56 FR 34030, July 25, 1991]

                        Maritime Support Stations



Sec. 80.389  Frequencies for maritime support stations.

    (a) Marine receiver test. Maritime support stations will be 
authorized to conduct receiver tests on the ship station frequencies of 
the channels assigned to the associated public coast station.
    (b) Shore radar and radiolocation tests. The following frequency 
bands are available for assignment to demonstrate radar and 
radiolocation equipment. The use of frequencies within these bands must 
not cause harmful interference to the radionavigation service and the 
Government radiolocation service: 2450-2500 MHz, 2900-3100 MHz, 5460-
5650 MHz, 9300-9500 MHz, 14.0-14.05 GHz.

                         Developmental Stations



Sec. 80.391  Frequencies for developmental stations.

    (a) Ship and shore stations engaged in developmental operations may 
be assigned any frequency or frequencies assignable to the service and 
class of station they propose to operate. The following frequency bands 
are also assignable to ships and coast stations for developmental 
operations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Ship transmit                        Coast transmit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
         5350-5460 MHz \1\                    5350-5460 MHz \1\
           6425-6525 MHz             ...................................
         9000-9200 MHz \1\                    9000-9200 MHz \1\
          11700-12200 MHz                      11700-12200 MHz
          17700-19700 MHz            ...................................
          27500-29500 MHz            ...................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The bands 5350-5460 MHz and 9000-9200 MHz are assignable for
  developmental operations at ship and shore radiolocation stations if
  their operations do not cause harmful interference to aeronautical
  radionavigation or Government radiolocation services.

    (b) Stations authorized to conduct developmental operations are 
prohibited from communicating with any station of a country other than 
the United States.
    (c) Stations authorized to conduct developmental operations must not 
cause harmful interference to the operation of stations authorized in 
other public services nor to any United States Government or foreign 
station.



                      Subpart I--Station Documents



Sec. 80.401  Station documents requirement.

    Licensees of radio stations are required to have current station 
documents as indicated in the following table:

[[Page 109]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.001

    Notes: 1. The expired station license must be retained in the 
station records until the first Commission inspection after the 
expiration date.
    2. Alternatively, a list of coast stations maintained by the 
licensee with which communications are likely to be conducted, showing 
watchkeeping hours, frequencies and charges, is authorized.
    3. Required only if station provides a service to oceangoing 
vessels.
    4. Certification of a Great Lakes Agreement inspection may be made 
by either a log entry or issuance of a Great Lakes Agreement 
certificate. Radiotelephone logs containing entries certifying that a 
Great Lakes Agreement inspection has been conducted must be retained and 
be available for inspection by the FCC for 2 years after the date of the 
inspection.

[61 FR 25805, May 23, 1996]



Sec. 80.403  Availability of documents.

    Station documents must be readily available to the licensed 
operator(s) on duty during the hours of service of the station and to 
authorized Commission employees upon request.

[[Page 110]]



Sec. 80.405  Station license.

    (a) Requirement. Stations must have an authorization granted by the 
Federal Communications Commission.
    (b) Application. Application for authorizations in the maritime 
services must be submitted on the prescribed forms in accordance with 
subpart B of this part.
    (c) Posting. The current station authorization or a clearly legible 
copy must be posted at the principal control point of each station. If a 
copy is posted, it must indicate the location of the original. When the 
station license cannot be posted as in the case of a marine utility 
station operating at temporary unspecified locations or the ship or 
recreational boat does not have an enclosed wheelhouse, it must be kept 
where it will be readily available for inspection. The licensee of a 
station on board a ship subject to Part II or III of Title III of the 
Communications Act or the Safety Convention must retain the most 
recently expired ship station license in the station records until the 
first Commission inspection after the expiration date.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 62 FR 40307, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.407  Operator authorization.

    This section contains information and rules pertinent to the 
application for and posting of radio operator authorizations. Rules 
applicable to radio operator requirements are contained in subpart D of 
this part and other rules pertinent to commercial radio operators are 
contained in part 13 of this chapter.
    (a) Application. Detailed information about application forms, 
filing procedures, and places to file applications for radio operator 
authorizations is contained in the bulletin ``Commercial Radio Operator 
Licenses and Permits.'' This bulletin is available from any Commission 
District Office or from the FCC, Washington, DC 20554.
    (b) Posting. When a Commission-authorized operator is required, the 
original authorization of each operator must be posted at the principal 
control point of the station. In lieu of posting, an operator who holds 
a restricted radiotelephone operator permit or a higher class operator 
license may have the operator authorization or a photocopy thereof 
available for inspection upon request by authorized Commission employees 
when operating the following:
    (1) A voluntary station;
    (2) Any class of ship station when the operator is on board solely 
to service the radio equipment; or
    (3) A portable station.



Sec. 80.409  Station logs.

    (a) General requirements. Logs must be established and properly 
maintained as follows:
    (1) The log must be kept in an orderly manner. The required 
information for the particular class or category of station must be 
readily available. Key letters or abbreviations may be used if their 
proper meaning or explanation is contained elsewhere in the same log.
    (2) Erasures, obliterations or willful destruction within the 
retention period are prohibited. Corrections may be made only by the 
person originating the entry by striking out the error, initialing the 
correction and indicating the date of correction.
    (3) Ship station logs must identify the vessel name, country of 
registry, and official number of the vessel.
    (4) The station licensee and the radio operator in charge of the 
station are responsible for the maintenance of station logs.
    (b) Availability and retention. Station logs must be made available 
to authorized Commission employees upon request and retained as follows:
    (1) Logs must be retained by the licensee for a period of two years 
from the date of entry, and, when applicable, for such additional 
periods as required by the following paragraphs:
    (i) Logs relating to a distress situation or disaster must be 
retained for three years from the date of entry.
    (ii) If the Commission has notified the licensee of an 
investigation, the related logs must be retained until the licensee is 
specifically authorized in writing to destroy them.
    (iii) Logs relating to any claim or complaint of which the station 
licensee has notice must be retained until the claim or complaint has 
been satisfied

[[Page 111]]

or barred by statute limiting the time for filing suits upon such 
claims.
    (2) Logs containing entries required by paragraphs (e) and (f) of 
this section must be kept at the principal radiotelephone operating 
location while the vessel is being navigated. All entries in their 
original form must be retained on board the vessel for at least 30 days 
from the date of entry. Additionally, logs required by paragraph (f) of 
this section must be retained on board the vessel for a period of 2 
years from the date of the last inspection of the ship radio station.
    (3) Ship radiotelegraph logs must be kept in the principal 
radiotelegraph operating room during the voyage.
    (c) Public coast station logs. Public coast stations must maintain a 
log as follows:
    (1) ``ON DUTY'' must be entered by the operator beginning a duty 
period, followed by the operator's signature. ``OFF DUTY'' must be 
entered by the operator being relieved of or terminating duty, followed 
by the operator's signature.
    (2) The date and time of making an entry must be shown opposite the 
entry.
    (3) Failure of equipment to operate as required and incidents 
tending to unduly delay communication must be entered.
    (4) All measurements of the transmitter frequency(ies) must be 
entered with a statement of any corrective action taken.
    (5) Entries must be made giving details of all work performed which 
may affect the proper operation of the station. The entry must be made, 
signed and dated by the operator who supervised or performed the work 
and, unless the operator is regularly employed on a full-time basis at 
the station, must also include the mailing address, class, serial 
number, and expiration date of the operator license.
    (6) Entries must be made about the operation of the antenna tower 
lights when the radio station has an antenna structure requiring 
illumination by part 17 of this chapter.
    (7) All distress or safety related calls transmitted or received 
must be entered, together with the frequency used and the position of 
any vessel in need of assistance.
    (8) Coast stations which maintain a watch on 500 kHz must enter the 
time this watch is begun, suspended or ended.
    (d) Ship radiotelegraph logs. Logs of ship stations which are 
compulsorily equipped for radiotelegraphy and operating in the band 90 
to 535 kHz must contain log entries as follows:
    (1) The date and time of each occurrence or incident required to be 
entered in the log must be shown opposite the entry and the time must be 
expressed in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
    (2) ``ON WATCH'' must be entered by the operator beginning a watch, 
followed by the operator's signature. ``OFF WATCH'' must be entered by 
the operator being relieved or terminating a watch, followed by the 
operator's signature. All log entries must be completed by the end of 
each watch.
    (3) During the watch, all calls and replies to and from the station 
must be entered to include the time, frequencies, and call letters of 
the station communicated with or heard. Also, any messages exchanged 
must be entered to include the time, frequency, and call letters of the 
station(s) communicated with or heard.
    (4) During the watch, an entry must be made twice per hour stating 
whether the international silence period was observed. Entries must also 
be made indicating any signals or communications heard on 500 kilohertz 
during this period. If no signals are heard on 500 kHz, an entry to that 
effect must be made.
    (5) The time and reason for discontinuance and the time of resuming 
the watch must be entered when the 500 kHz watch is discontinued.
    (6) All distress calls, automatic-alarm signals, urgency and safety 
signals made or intercepted, the complete text, if possible, or distress 
messages and distress communications, and any incidents or occurrences 
which may appear to be of importance to safety of life or property at 
sea, must be entered, together with the time of such observation or 
occurrence and the position of the ship or other mobile unit in need of 
assistance.

[[Page 112]]

    (7) The position of the ship at least once per day.
    (8) A daily entry must be made comparing the radio station clock 
with standard time, including errors observed and corrections made. For 
this purpose, authentic radio time signals received from land or fixed 
stations will be acceptable as standard time.
    (9) All test transmissions must be entered, including the time of 
the transmissions and the approximate geographical location of the 
vessel.
    (10) Any failure of equipment to operate as required and any 
incidents tending to unduly delay communications must be entered.
    (11) A ship required to keep a radiotelegraph watch on 500 kHz must 
meet the following:
    (i) Entries must be made of the results of tests of the emergency 
installation including transmitter antenna current, hydrometer readings 
of lead-acid storage batteries, voltage readings of other types of 
batteries, and quantity of fuel available for engine generators.
    (ii) When the vessel is in the open sea, a log entry must be made 
each time the emergency power supply is used to carry on a communication 
other than during a safety watch.
    (iii) When the vessel is in the open sea, a daily entry must be made 
showing whether the storage batteries were brought up to the normal full 
charge condition that day.
    (iv) Entries must be made stating when each storage battery is 
placed on charge or off charge.
    (v) Entries must be made about maintenance of survival craft radio 
equipment, including a record of charging of any storage batteries 
supplying power to such equipment. The record of charging must show when 
such storage battery is placed on charge and when it is taken off 
charge.
    (vi) Results of inspections and tests of survival craft radio 
equipment, prior to departure of the vessel from a harbor or port and 
weekly inspections, must be entered.
    (vii) On a cargo vessel equipped with an auto alarm, the entry 
``AUTO ALARM ON'' and the entry ``AUTO ALARM OFF'', respectively, must 
be made whenever the operator places the auto alarm in and out of 
operation. Results of the required auto alarm tests must be entered 
daily, including the minimum number of 4-second dashes from the testing 
device which were necessary to properly operate the alarm.
    (viii) On a cargo vessel equipped with an auto alarm, a log entry 
must be made whenever the auto alarm becomes inoperative. The entry must 
include a statement showing the time the operator was called to make 
repairs; the reason for the failure; parts changed; repairs; and the 
time the auto alarm was restored to service.
    (e) Ship radiotelephone logs. Logs of ship stations which are 
compulsorily equipped for radiotelephony must contain the following 
applicable log entries and the time of their occurrence:
    (1) A summary of all distress, urgency and safety traffic;
    (2) A summary of communications conducted on other than VHF 
frequencies between the ship station and land or mobile stations;
    (3) A reference to important service incidents;
    (4) The position of the ship at least once a day;
    (5) The name of the operator at the beginning and end of the watch 
period;
    (6) The time the watch begins when the vessel leaves port, and the 
time it ends when the ship reaches port;
    (7) The time the watch is discontinued, including the reason, and 
the time the watch is resumed;
    (8) The times when storage batteries provided as a part of the 
required radiotelephone installation are placed on charge and taken off 
charge;
    (9) Results of required equipment tests, including specific gravity 
of lead-acid storage batteries and voltage reading of other types of 
batteries provided as a part of the compulsory installation;
    (10) Results of inspections and tests of compulsorily fitted 
lifeboat radio equipment;
    (11) A daily statement about the condition of the required 
radiotelephone equipment, as determined by either normal communication 
or test communication;

[[Page 113]]

    (12) When the master is notified about improperly operating 
radiotelephone equipment.
    (f) Applicable radiotelephone log entries. The log entries listed in 
paragraph (e) of this section are applicable as follows:
    (1) Radiotelephony stations subject to the Communications Act, the 
Safety Convention, or the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must record entries 
indicated by paragraphs (e)(1) through (e)(12) of this section. 
Additionally, the radiotelephone log must provide an easily 
identifiable, separate section relating to the required inspection of 
the ship's radio station. Entries must be made in this section giving at 
least the following information.
    (i) For ships that pass the inspection:
    (A) The date the inspection was conducted.
    (B) The date by which the next inspection needs to completed.
    (C) The inspector's printed name, address and class of FCC license 
(including the serial number).
    (D) The results of the inspection, including any repairs made.
    (E) The inspector's signed and dated certification that the vessel 
meets the requirements of the Communications Act and, if applicable, the 
Safety Convention and the Bridge-to-Bridge Act contained in subparts Q, 
R, S, U, or W of this part and has successfully passed the inspection.
    (F) The vessel owner, operator, or ship's master's certification 
that the inspection was satisfactory.
    (ii) For ships that fail the inspection:
    (A) The date the inspection was conducted.
    (B) The inspector's printed name, address and class of FCC license 
(including the serial number).
    (C) The reason that the ship did not pass the inspection.
    (D) The date and time that the ship's owner, operator or master was 
notified that the ship failed the inspection.
    (2) Radiotelephony stations subject to the Great Lakes Agreement and 
the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must record entries indicated by paragraphs (e) 
(1), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (11) and (12) of this section. 
Additionally, the radiotelephone log must provide an easily 
identifiable, separate section relating to the required inspection of 
the ship's radio station. Entries must be made in this section giving at 
least the following information:
    (i) The date the inspection was conducted;
    (ii) The date by which the next inspection needs to be completed;
    (iii) The inspector's printed name, address and class of FCC license 
(including the serial number);
    (iv) The results of the inspection, including any repairs made;
    (v) The inspector's signed and dated certification that the vessel 
meets the requirements of the Great Lakes Agreement and the Bridge-to-
Bridge Act contained in subparts T and U of this part and has 
successfully passed the inspection; and
    (vi) The vessel owner, operator, or ship's master's certification 
that the inspection was satisfactory.
    (3) Radiotelephony stations subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must 
record entries indicated by paragraphs (e) (1), (5), (6), (7), (11) and 
(12) of this section.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989; 61 FR 25807, May 23, 1996; 63 FR 29659, 
June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.411  Vessel certification or exemption.

    (a) Application. The application procedures for inspection and 
certification and for exemptions are contained in Sec. 80.59.
    (b) Posting. Communications Act, Safety Convention and Great Lakes 
Radio Agreement certificates or exemptions must be posted in a 
prominent, accessible place in the ship. Ships subject to the Great 
Lakes Agreement may, in lieu of a posted certificate, certify compliance 
in the station log required by section 80.409(f).

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 61 FR 25807, May 23, 1996]



Sec. 80.413  On-board station equipment records.

    (a) The licensee of an on-board station must keep equipment records 
which show:
    (1) The ship name and identification of the on-board station;

[[Page 114]]

    (2) The number and type of repeater and mobile units used on-board 
the vessel; and
    (3) The date and type of equipment which is added or removed from 
the on-board station.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 80.415  ITU publications.

    (a) The following publications listed in the table contained in 
Sec. 80.401 are published by the International Telecommunications Union 
(ITU):
    (1) Manual for Use of the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-
Satellite Services.
    (2) List IV--List of Coast Stations.
    (3) List V--List of Ship Stations.
    (4) List VI--List of Radiodetermination and Special Services 
Stations.
    (5) List VII A--Alphabetical List of Call Signs of Stations Used by 
the Maritime Mobile Service, Ship Station Selective Call Numbers or 
Signals and Coast Station Identification Numbers or Signals.
    (b) The publications listed in paragraph (a) of this section may be 
purchased from:

International Telecommunication Union, General Secretariat--Sales 
Section, Place des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland



Sec. 80.417  FCC Rules and Regulations.

    The Commission's printed publications are described in subpart C of 
part 0 of this chapter. These publications may be purchased from the 
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington, DC 20402. The Commission does not furnish copies of these 
publications but will furnish a price list, Information Services and 
Publications-Bulletin No. 1, upon request. Requests for copies of this 
list should be directed to the Office of Public Affairs, Public Service 
Division, Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC 20554.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 60 FR 50122, Sept. 28, 1995]



                    Subpart J--Public Coast Stations

                            Stations on Land



Sec. 80.451  Supplemental eligibility requirements.

    A public coast station license may be granted to any person meeting 
the citizenship provisions of Sec. 80.15(b).



Sec. 80.453  Scope of communications.

    Public coast stations provide ship/shore radiotelephone and 
radiotelegraph services.
    (a) Public coast stations are authorized to communicate:
    (1) With any ship or aircraft station operating in the maritime 
mobile service, for the transmission or reception of safety 
communication;
    (2) With any land station to exchange safety communications to or 
from a ship or aircraft station;
    (3) With Government and non-Government ship and aircraft stations to 
exchange public correspondence;
    (4) With units on land in accordance with Sec. 80.123.
    (b) Public coast stations are authorized to communicate with a 
designated station at a remote fixed location where other communication 
facilities are not available.
    (c) Public coast stations are authorized to transmit meteorological 
and navigational information of benefit to mariners.
    (d) Each public coast telegraphy station is authorized to 
communicate with other public coast telegraphy stations to exchange 
message traffic destined to or originated at mobile stations:
    (1) To exchange operating signals, brief service messages or safety 
communication;
    (2) To exchange message traffic destined for a mobile station when 
the coast station initially concerned is unable to communicate directly 
with the mobile station;
    (3) In the Great Lakes region, to exchange message traffic 
originated at a

[[Page 115]]

mobile station when the use of available point-to-point communication 
facilities would delay the delivery of such message traffic;
    (4) Utilization of radiotelegraphy must not incur additional charges 
or replace available point-to-point communication facilities;
    (5) Only authorized working frequencies within the band 415 kHz to 
5000 kHz must be employed for communications between coast stations;
    (6) Harmful interference must not be caused to communication between 
mobile stations and coast stations or between mobile stations.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 62 FR 40307, July 28, 1997

                            Use of Telegraphy



Sec. 80.455  Assignment and use of frequencies for manual Morse code telegraphy.

    (a) The frequencies designated in Secs. 80.355 and 80.357 may be 
licensed for use by coast stations employing telegraphy.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 80.459  Digital selective calling.

    Subpart H of this part lists frequencies assignable for DSC.



Sec. 80.461  Narrow-band direct-printing.

    Subpart H of this part lists the frequencies assignable to public 
coast stations for operations with ship stations. Operating procedures 
are listed in subpart C of this part.

                            Use of Telephony



Sec. 80.465  Assignment and use of frequencies for telephony.

    Subpart H of this part lists the frequencies available for 
assignment to public coast stations for telephony operations.



Sec. 80.467  Duplication of VHF service.

    No duplication of service areas as determined by subpart P of this 
part will be permitted by public coast stations operating on the same 
VHF public correspondence channel. Within the service area of a station, 
the ratio of desired to undesired co-channel signal strengths on public 
correspondence channels must be at least 12dB.



Sec. 80.469  Maritime mobile repeater stations in Alaska.

    (a) Maritime mobile repeater stations are authorized to extend the 
range of communication between a VHF public coast station located in 
Alaska and ship stations.
    (b) On a secondary basis, maritime mobile repeater stations may be 
authorized to extend the range of a private coast station:
    (1) In an area where VHF common carrier service is not available;
    (2) A maritime mobile repeater station license expires 60 days after 
a public coast station in the area begins service.
    (c) Maritime mobile repeater stations may not be authorized in cases 
where operational fixed frequencies can be employed.
    (d) The provisions relating to duplication of service described in 
subpart P apply to maritime mobile repeater stations.
    (e) The frequencies 157.275 and 161.875 MHz are assignable to 
maritime mobile repeater stations.
    (f) Each maritime mobile repeater station must:
    (1) Deactivate automatically within 5 seconds after the signals 
controlling the station cease; and
    (2) During periods when it is not controlled from a manned control 
point, deactivate automatically not more than 20 minutes after its 
activation by a mobile unit.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.469 was 
amended by revising paragraph (c). This section contains information 
collection and recordkeeping requirements, and the amendment will not 
become effective until approval has been given by the Office of 
Management and Budget.



Sec. 80.471  Discontinuance or impairment of service.

    A public coast station must not discontinue or impair service unless 
authorized to do so by the Commission.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987]

[[Page 116]]

                            Automated Systems



Sec. 80.475  Scope of service of the Automated Maritime Telecommunications System (AMTS).

    (a) AMTS applicants proposing to serve inland waterways must show 
how the proposed system will provide continuity of service along more 
than 60% of each of one or more navigable inland waterways. Inland 
waterways less than 240 kilometers (150 miles) long must be served in 
their entirety. AMTS applicants proposing to serve portions of the 
Atlantic, Pacific or Gulf of Mexico coastline must define a substantial 
navigational area and show how the proposed system will provide 
continuity of service for it. A separate Form 503 is not required for 
each coast station in a system. However, the applicant must provide the 
technical characteristics for each proposed coast station, including 
transmitter type, operating frequencies, emissions, transmitter output 
power, antenna arrangement and location.
    (1) Applicants proposing to locate a coast station transmitter 
within 169 kilometers (105 miles) of a channel 13 TV station or within 
129 kilometers (80 miles) of a channel 10 TV station or with an antenna 
height greater than 61 meters (200 feet), must submit an engineering 
study clearly showing the means of avoiding interference with television 
reception within the grade B contour, see Sec. 80.215(h) of this 
chapter, unless the proposed station's predicted interference contour is 
fully encompassed by the composite interference contour of the 
applicant's existing system, or the proposed station's predicted 
interference contour extends the system's composite interference contour 
over water only (disregarding uninhabited islands).
    (2) Additionally, applicants required to submit the above specified 
must give written notice of the filing of such application(s) to the 
television stations which may be affected. A list of the notified 
television stations must be submitted with the subject applications.
    (b) Coast stations for which the above specified need not be 
submitted because the proposed station's predicted interference contour 
is fully encompassed by the composite interference contour of the 
applicant's existing system or the proposed station's predicted 
interference contour extends the system's composite interference contour 
over water only (disregarding uninhabited islands) must, at least 15 
days before the station is put into operation, give written notice to 
the television stations which may be affected of the proposed station's 
technical characteristics, the date it will be put into operation, and 
the licensee's representative (name and phone number) to contact in the 
event a television station experiences interference. No prior FCC 
authorization is required to construct and operate such a station, but, 
at the time the station is added, the AMTS licensee must make a record 
of the technical and administrative information concerning the station 
and, upon request, supply such information to the FCC. In addition, when 
the station is added, the AMTS licensee must send notification of the 
station's location to the American Radio Relay League, Inc., 225 Main 
Street, Newington, CT 06111-1494, and Interactive Systems, Inc., Suite 
1103, 1601 North Kent Street, Arlington, VA 22209.
    (c) In lieu of public correspondence service an AMTS system may 
provide private coast station communications related to the operational 
requirements of ships including transmissions of fuel, weather, position 
and supply reports. However, such communications may be provided only to 
ship stations whose licensees make cooperative arrangements with the 
AMTS coast station licensees. In emergency and distress situations, 
services must be provided without prior arrangements.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
56 FR 3783, Jan. 31, 1991; 65 FR 77826, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.477  AMTS points of communication.

    (a) AMTS coast stations may communicate with fixed platform stations 
located in the offshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico, with ship 
stations, and with land units in accordance with Sec. 80.123.
    (b) AMTS licensees in the offshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico may 
use

[[Page 117]]

AMTS coast and ship station frequencies on a secondary basis for fixed 
service communications to support offshore AMTS operations.
    (c) AMTS service may be provided to any vessel within communication 
service range of an AMTS station even though the vessel may not be 
operating within the confines of a served waterway.
    (d) AMTS licensees may use AMTS coast and ship frequencies on a 
secondary basis for fixed service communications to support AMTS 
deployment in remote fixed locations at which other communications 
facilities are not available.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987; 
62 FR 40307, July 28, 1997; 65 FR 77827, Dec. 13, 2000]



Sec. 80.479  Assignment and use of frequencies for AMTS.

    (a) The frequencies assignable to AMTS stations are listed in 
subpart H of this part. These frequencies are assignable to ship and 
public coast stations for voice, facsimile and radioteletypewriter 
communications.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 80.481  Alternative technical parameters for AMTS transmitters.

    In lieu of the technical parameters set forth in this part, AMTS 
transmitters may utilize any modulation or channelization scheme so long 
as emissions are attenuated in accordance with Sec. 80.211 at the band 
edges of each station's assigned channel group or groups.

[65 FR 77827, Dec. 13, 2000]



      Subpart K--Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations



Sec. 80.501  Supplemental eligibility requirements.

    (a) A private coast station or a marine utility station may be 
granted only to a person who is:
    (1) Regularly engaged in the operation, docking, direction, 
construction, repair, servicing or management of one or more commercial 
transport vessels or United States, state or local government vessels; 
or is
    (2) Responsible for the operation, control, maintenance or 
development of a harbor, port or waterway used by commercial transport 
vessels; or is
    (3) Engaged in furnishing a ship arrival and departure service, and 
will employ the station only for the purpose of obtaining the 
information essential to that service; or is
    (4) A corporation proposing to furnish a nonprofit radio 
communication service to its parent corporation, to another subsidiary 
of the same parent, or to its own subsidiary where the party to be 
served performs any of the eligibility activities described in this 
section; or is
    (5) A nonprofit corporation or association, organized to furnish a 
maritime mobile service solely to persons who operate one or more 
commercial transport vessels; or is
    (6) Responsible for the operation of bridges, structures or other 
installations that area part of, or directly related to, a harbor, port 
or waterway when the operation of such facilities requires radio 
communications with vessels for safety or navigation; or is
    (7) A person controlling public moorage facilities; or is
    (8) A person servicing or supplying vessels other than commercial 
transport vessels; or is
    (9) An organized yacht club with moorage facilities; or is
    (10) A nonprofit organization providing noncommercial communications 
to vessels other than commercial transport vessels.
    (b) Each application for station authorization for a private coast 
station or a marine utility station must be accompanied by a statement 
indicating eligibility under paragraph (a) of this section.



Sec. 80.503  Cooperative use of facilities.

    (a) A person engaged in the operation of one or more commercial 
transport vessels or government vessels may receive maritime mobile 
service from a private coast station or a marine utility station on 
shore even though not the licensee of the private coast station or the 
marine utility station. Restrictions on cooperative arrangements are as 
follows:

[[Page 118]]

    (1) Foreign persons must be the licensees of the radio stations 
installed on board their vessels.
    (2) The licensee of a private coast station or marine utility 
station on shore may install ship radio stations on board United States 
commercial transport vessels of other persons. In each case these 
persons must enter into a written agreement verifying that the ship 
station licensee has the sole right of control of the ship stations, 
that the vessel operators must use the ship stations subject to the 
orders and instructions of the coast station or marine utility station 
on shore, and that the ship station licensee will have sufficient 
control of the ship station to enable it to carry out its 
responsibilities under the ship station license.
    (b) Cooperative arrangements are limited concerning cost and charges 
as follows:
    (1) The arrangement must be established on a non-profit, cost-
sharing basis by written contract. A copy of the contract must be kept 
with the station records and made available for inspection by Commission 
representatives.
    (2) Contributions to capital and operating expenses are to be 
prorated on an equitable basis among all persons who are parties to the 
cooperative arrangement. Records which reflect the cost of the service 
and its nonprofit, cost-sharing nature must be maintained by the 
licensee of the station and made available for inspection by Commission 
representatives.



Sec. 80.505  Points of communication.

    (a) Private coast stations and marine utility stations are 
authorized to communicate:
    (1) With any mobile station in the maritime mobile service for the 
exchange of safety communications;
    (2) With any land station for the purpose of aiding the exchange of 
safety communications;
    (3) With ship stations.
    (b) Private coast stations of the same licensee may be authorized to 
communicate on a secondary basis between themselves if:
    (1) The communications are confined exclusively to those for which 
authority has been granted the coast station, and concerns ships with 
which one or both of the coast stations are authorized to communicate; 
and
    (2) Other satisfactory point-to-point communication facilities 
between the coast stations are unavailable; and
    (3) Coast stations which communicate with each other are not more 
than 160 km (100 miles) apart; and
    (4) Harmful interference is not cause to mobile stations.
    (c) A private coast station and associated marine utility stations 
serving and located on a shipyard regularly engaged in construction or 
repair of commercial transport vessels or Government vessels are 
authorize to communicate between stations when they are licensed to the 
same entity and communications are limited to serving the needs of ships 
on a non-interference basis to other stations in the maritime mobile 
service. A separate showing is required.



Sec. 80.507  Scope of service.

    (a) A private coast station or marine utility station using 
telephony serves the operational and business needs of ships including 
the transmission of safety communication.
    (b) In areas where environmental communications are provided by U.S. 
Government stations or by public coast stations, private coast stations 
and marine utility stations on shore must not duplicate that service. In 
other areas, private coast stations and marine utility stations on shore 
may transmit weather and hydrographic information required for the ships 
with which they normally communicate. Private coast stations may provide 
environmental communication service in areas where adequate service is 
not available.
    (c) Each marine utility station on shore must be operated as a 
private coast station except that it may be operated at temporary 
unspecified locations. Marine utility stations on ships are operated as 
ship stations.
    (d) Each private coast station is authorized by rule to use hand-
held marine radios in the vicinity of the station's fixed transmitter 
site on those frequencies assigned to the private

[[Page 119]]

coast station. Hand-held communications must conform to those normally 
permitted under a marine utility station authorization and must be 
limited to contact with the associated private coast station and ship 
stations in the vicinity of the private coast station.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 62 FR 40307, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.509  Frequency assignment.

    Frequencies assignable to private coast stations and marine utility 
stations are listed in subpart H.



Sec. 80.511  Assignment limitations.

    (a) Only one port operation, one commercial and one non-commerical 
frequency will be assigned to a private coast station or marine utility 
station. Applications for authority to use more than one frequency in 
any one of the above three categories must include a showing of need as 
specified below.
    (b) An application for an additional frequency by a person who 
services vessels, must include a description of the vessels with which 
communication is planned and a statement that the applicant has personal 
knowledge that the ship radio stations are not capable of operating on 
working frequencies already assigned to the coast station.
    (c) An applicant for an additional frequency based on congestion of 
the assigned frequency may be asked by the Commission to show that for 
any four periods of five consecutive days each, in the preceding six 
months, the assigned frequency was in use at least twenty-five percent 
of the time during three hours of daily peak activity.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.511 was 
amended by revising paragraph (c). This section contains information 
collection and recordkeeping requirements, and the amendment will not 
become effective until approval has been given by the Office of 
Management and Budget.



Sec. 80.513  Frequency coordination.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section 
each application for a new VHF private coast station license or 
modification of an existing license to be located in an area having a 
recognized frequency coordinating committee must be accompanied by:
    (1) A report based on a field study, indicating the degree of 
probable interference to existing stations operating in the same area. 
The applicant must consider all stations operating on the working 
frequency or frequencies requested or assigned within 80 km (50 miles) 
of the proposed station location, and
    (2) The report must include a statement that all existing licensees 
on the frequency within 80 km (50 miles) and the frequency coordinating 
committee have been notified of the applicant's intention to file an 
application. The notice of intention to file must provide the licensees 
concerned and the advisory committee with the following information: The 
frequency and emission; transmitter location and power; and the antenna 
height proposed by the applicant.
    (b) Applications for modification need not be accompanied by the 
field study where the modification does not involve any change in 
frequency(ies), power, emission, antenna height, antenna location or 
area of operation.
    (c)(1) In lieu of the field study, the applicant may acquire a 
statement from a frequency coordinating committee. The applicant must 
certify on the application concerning the recommendations of the 
coordinating committee. The committee must comment on the requested 
frequency or the proposed changes in the authorized station and give an 
opinion regarding the probable interference to existing stations. The 
committee must consider all stations operating on the requested 
frequency within 80 km (50 miles) of the proposed station location. The 
frequency coordinating committee statement must also recommend a 
frequency which will result in the least amount of interference to 
proposed and existing stations. Committee recommendations may also 
include comments on technical factors and may recommend restrictions to 
minimize interference.
    (2) A frequency coordinating committee must be representative of all 
persons who are eligible for VHF private coast stations within the 
service

[[Page 120]]

area of the recognized frequency coordinating committee. A statement of 
organization, service area and composition of the committee must be 
submitted to the Commission for approval. The functions of any 
coordinating committee are purely advisory to the applicant and the 
Commission. Its recommendations are not binding upon either the 
applicant or the Commission.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.513 was 
amended by revising the first sentence of paragraph (c)(1). This section 
contains information collection and recordkeeping requirements, and the 
amendment will not become effective until approval has been given by the 
Office of Management and Budget.



Sec. 80.514  Marine VHF frequency coordinating committee(s).

    This section contains the names of organizations that have been 
recognized by the Commission to serve as marine VHF frequency 
coordinating committees for their respective areas.
    (a) The Southern California Marine Radio Council serves the 
California counties of Santa Barbara, Kern, San Bernardino, Ventura, Los 
Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Diego, Imperial and the Channel Islands.
    (b) The North Pacific Marine Radio Council serves the following 
counties in the State of Washington: Clallam, Island, Jefferson, King, 
Kitsap, Mason, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Snohomish, Thurston, and 
Whatcom.

[52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987, as amended at 56 FR 6583, Feb. 19, 1991; 
60 FR 50122, Sept. 28, 1995; 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 80.515  Limitations on use.

    A private coast station or marine utility station using telephony 
must:
    (a) Not be used for public correspondence;
    (b) Not be used to transmit program material for radio broadcasting; 
and
    (c) Not be used to transmit press material or news items which are 
not required to serve the needs of ships.



Sec. 80.517  Time limitation on communication.

    All communication engaged in by private coast stations and marine 
utility stations must be limited to the minimum practicable transmission 
time. Each station licensee must employ standardized operating practices 
and procedures.



Sec. 80.519  Station identification.

    (a) Stations must identify transmissions by announcing in the 
English language the station's assigned call sign. In lieu of the 
identification of the station by voice, the official call sign may be 
transmitted by tone-modulated telegraphy in international Morse Code 
manually or by means of an automatic device approved by the Commission. 
Transmissions on the navigation frequency (156.650 MHz) by stations on 
drawbridges may be identified by use of the name of the bridge in lieu 
of the call sign. Identification must be made:
    (1) At the beginning and end of each exchange of communications and;
    (2) At intervals not exceeding 15 minutes whenever transmissions or 
communications are sustained for more than 15 minutes.
    (b) Marine utility stations, private coast stations, and associated 
hand-held radios, when exchanging communications, may be identified by a 
unit identifier in lieu of the call sign. Identification by transmission 
of the assigned call sign must be at the end of the exchange or at least 
once every 15 minutes.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 62 FR 40308, July 28, 1997]



                  Subpart L--Operational Fixed Stations



Sec. 80.551  Applicability.

    This subpart contains rules applicable to operational fixed 
stations.



Sec. 80.553  Supplemental eligibility requirements.

    An applicant for an operational fixed station must certify that:
    (a) The applicant is the licensee of a coast station;
    (b) Other suitable telecommunications facilities are not available 
to satisfy coast station requirements.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]

[[Page 121]]



Sec. 80.555  Scope of communication.

    An operational fixed station provides control, repeater or relay 
functions for its associated coast station.



Sec. 80.557  Assignment and use of frequencies.

    The specific frequencies for these stations are listed in subpart H 
of this part.



Sec. 80.559  Licensing limitations.

    Operational fixed stations are subject to the following licensing 
limitations:
    (a) A maximum of four frequencies will be assigned.
    (b) Stations will not be authorized when applications indicate less 
than 16 km (10 miles) separation between a proposed station and a TV 
transmitter operating on either Channel 4 or 5, or from the post office 
of a community in which either channel is assigned but not in operation.
    (c) Stations located between 16 km (10 miles) and 128 km (80 miles) 
of a TV transmitter operating on either Channel 4 or 5, or from the post 
office of a community in which either channel is assigned but not in 
operation, are secondary to TV operations within the Grade B service 
contour.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ OET Bulletin No. 67, March 1988, entitled ``Potential 
Interference from Operational Fixed Stations in the 72-76 MHz Band to 
Television Channels 4 and 5'' describes an analytical model that can be 
used to calculate the potential interference that might result from a 
given fixed station operation. Copies of the bulletin may be obtained 
from the Commission's current duplication contractor. Information 
concerning the current duplication contractor may be obtained from the 
Office of Public Affairs, Consumer Assistance and Small Business 
Division, Telephone (202) 632-7000.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 51 FR 34984, Oct. 1, 1986; as amended at 54 
FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989]



          Subpart M--Stations in the Radiodetermination Service



Sec. 80.601  Scope of communications.

    Stations on land in the Maritime Radiodetermination Service provide 
a radionavigation or radiolocation service for ships.



Sec. 80.603  Assignment and use of frequencies.

    The frequencies available for assignment to shore radionavigation/
radiolocation stations are contained in subpart H of this part.



Sec. 80.605  U.S. Coast Guard coordination.

    (a) Radionavigation coast stations operated to provide information 
to aid in the movement of any ship are private aids to navigation. 
Before submitting an application for a radionavigation station, an 
applicant must obtain written permission from the cognizant Coast Guard 
District Commander at the area in which the device will be located. The 
Commission may request an applicant to provide documentation as to this 
fact. Note: Surveillance radar coast stations do not require U.S. Coast 
Guard approval.
    (b) Applications for certification of coast and ship station 
transponders must include a description of the technical characteristics 
of the equipment including the scheme of interrogation and the 
characteristics of the transponder response. When a certification 
application in submitted to the Commission a copy of such application 
must be submitted concurrently to: Commandant (G-TTS-3), U.S. Coast 
Guard, Washington, DC 20593.
    (c) Prior to submitting an application for a non-selectable 
transponder coast station license in the 2920-3100 MHz or 9320-9500 MHz 
band the applicant must submit a letter requesting written approval of 
the proposed station to the cognizant Coast Guard District Commander of 
the area in which the device will be located. The letter must include:
    (1) The necessity for the station;
    (2) The latitude and longitude of its position;
    (3) The transponder antenna height above sea level;
    (4) The antenna azimuth response (angle of directivity);
    (5) The manufacturer and model number of the transponder;
    (6) The identifying Morse character for transponders used as racons;
    (7) The name and address of the person responsible for the operation 
and maintenance of the station;

[[Page 122]]

    (8) The time and date during which it is proposed to operate the 
station; and
    (9) The maximum station e.i.r.p. if it would exceed 5 watts. The 
Commission may request an applicant to provide a copy of the request and 
the U.S. Coast Guard approval.
    A copy of the request and the U.S. Coast Guard approval must be 
submitted to the Commission with the station license application.
    (d) Prior to submitting an application for a non-selectable 
transponder ship station license in the 2920-3100 MHz or 9320-9500 MHz 
band the applicant must submit a letter requesting approval of the 
proposed station to: Commandant (G-NSR), U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, 
DC 20593. The letter must include the name, address and telephone number 
of a person or a point of contact responsible for the operation of the 
device, the specific need for the station, the name of the associated 
ship, the area in which the transponder will be used, and the hours of 
operation. The Commission may request an applicant to provide a copy of 
the request and the U.S. Coast Guard approval.

[52 FR 7419, Mar. 11, 1987, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 27, 1998; 63 
FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68956, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 80.605 was 
amended by revising paragraphs (a) and (c)(9) and by revising the last 
sentence of paragraph (d). This section contains information collection 
and recordkeeping requirements, and the amendments will not become 
effective until approval has been given by the Office of Management and 
Budget.



                  Subpart N--Maritime Support Stations



Sec. 80.651  Supplemental eligibility requirements.

    (a) An applicant for a maritime support station must demonstrate a 
requirement for training personnel associated with the maritime service 
or for the testing, demonstration or maintenance of ship or coast radio 
equipment.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 80.653  Scope of communications.

    (a) Maritime support stations are land stations authorized to 
operate at permanent locations or temporary unspecified locations.
    (b) Maritime support stations are authorized to conduct the 
following operations:
    (1) Training of personnel in maritime telecommunications;
    (2) Transmissions necessary for the test and maintenance of maritime 
radio equipment at repair shops and at temporary unspecified locations;
    (3) Transmissions necessary to test the technical performance of the 
licensee's public coast station(s) radiotelephone receiver(s); and
    (4) Transmissions necessary for radar/racon equipment demonstration.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 62 FR 40308, July 28, 1997]



Sec. 80.655  Use of frequencies.

    (a) The frequencies available for assignment to maritime support 
stations are described or listed in:
    (1) Section 80.373 for scope of communications described in 
Sec. 80.653(b)(1);
    (2) Sections 80.373 and 80.385 for scope of communications described 
in Sec. 80.653(b)(2); and
    (3) Section 80.389 for scope of communications described in 
Sec. 80.653 (b)(3) and (4).
    (b) Frequencies must be used only on a secondary, non-interference 
basis to operational maritime communications.
    (c) Use of frequencies assigned to services other than the maritime 
radiolocation service is limited to one hour per twenty four hour 
period.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 35245, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.659  Technical requirements.

    The authorized frequency tolerance, class of emission, bandwidth, 
and transmitter power for maritime support stations are contained in 
subpart E of this part under the category associated with the intended 
use except for power limitations imposed upon stations operating within 
the scope of Sec. 80.653(b)(3), which are further limited by the 
provisions of Sec. 80.215(f).

[[Page 123]]



                    Subpart O--Alaska Fixed Stations



Sec. 80.701  Scope of service.

    There are two classes of Alaska Fixed stations. Alaska-public fixed 
stations are common carriers, open to public correspondence, which 
operate on the paired duplex channels listed in subpart H of this part. 
Alaska-private fixed stations may operate on simplex frequencies listed 
in subpart H of this part to communicate with other Alaska private fixed 
stations or with ship stations, and on duplex frequencies listed in 
subpart H of this part when communicating with the Alaska-public fixed 
stations. Alaska-private fixed stations must not charge for service, 
although third party traffic may be transmitted. Only Alaska-public 
fixed stations are authorized to charge for communication services.



Sec. 80.703  Priority of distress and other signals.

    Alaska-public fixed stations, when operating on an authorized 
carrier frequency which is also used by the maritime mobile service, 
must give priority to distress, urgency or safety signals, or to any 
communication preceded by one of these signals.



Sec. 80.705  Hours of service of Alaska-public fixed stations.

    Each Alaska-public fixed station whose hours of service are not 
continuous must not suspend operations before having concluded all 
communications of an emergency nature.



Sec. 80.707  Cooperative use of frequency assignments.

    (a) Only one Alaska-public fixed station will be authorized to serve 
any area whose point-to-point communication needs can be adequately 
served by a single radio communication facility.
    (b) Each radio channel authorized for use by an Alaska-private fixed 
station is available on a shared basis only. All station licensees must 
cooperate in the use of their respective frequency assignments to 
minimize interference.



Sec. 80.709  Frequencies available.

    Frequencies assignable to Alaska fixed stations are listed in 
subpart H of this part.



Sec. 80.711  Use of U.S. Government frequencies.

    Alaska-public fixed stations may be authorized to use frequencies 
assigned to U.S. Government radio stations for communications with 
Government stations or for coordination of Government activities.



  Subpart P--Standards for Computing Public Coast Station VHF Coverage



Sec. 80.751  Scope.

    This subpart specifies receiver antenna terminal requirements in 
terms of power, and relates the power available at the receiver antenna 
terminals to transmitter power and antenna height and gain. It also sets 
forth the co-channel interference protection that VHF public coast 
station geographic area licensees must provide to incumbents and to 
other VHF public coast station geographic area licensees.

[64 FR 26887, May 18, 1999]



Sec. 80.753  Signal strength requirements at the service area contour.

    (a) The requirements for reception by a marine VHF shipboard 
receiver are satisfied if the field strength from the coast station, 
calculated in accordance with Sec. 80.771 is at least +17 dBu above one 
microvolt.
    (b) These field strengths, voltages and powers at the receiver input 
are equivalent:
    (1) -132 dBW (decibels referred to 1 watt).
    (2) 1.8 microvolts across 50 ohms.
    (3) +17 dBu (decibels referred to 1 microvolt per meter).
    (4) 7 microvolts per meter.



Sec. 80.755  Applicability.

    Applications for maritime frequencies in the 156-162 MHz band must 
include a map showing the proposed service area contour. The service 
area contour must be computed in accordance with the following 
procedures.



Sec. 80.757  Topographical data.

    (a) In the preparation of profile graphs and in determining the 
location and height above sea level of the antenna site, the elevations 
or contour

[[Page 124]]

intervals must be taken from U.S. Geological Survey topographic 
quadrangle maps, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers maps or Tennessee Valley 
Authority maps, whichever is the latest, for all areas for which maps 
are available. If such maps are not published for the area in question, 
the next best topographic information must be used. The maps used must 
include the principal area to be served. U.S. Geological Survey 
topographic quadrangle maps may be obtained from the Eastern 
Distribution Branch, U.S. Geological Survey, 1200 South Eads Street, 
Arlington, VA 22202, for maps of areas east of the Mississippi River, 
including Minnesota, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, and from the 
Western Distribution Branch, U.S. Geological Survey, Federal Center, 
Denver CO 80225, for maps of areas west of the Mississippi River, 
including Alaska, Hawaii, Louisiana, Guam and American Samoa. Sectional 
aeronautical charts are available from the Distribution Division, 
National Ocean Service, Riverdale, MD 20840.
    (b) In lieu of maps, the average terrain elevation may be computer 
generated, using elevations from a 30 second point or better topographic 
data file such as those available for the U.S. Geological Survey's 
National Geographic Information Center or the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration's National Geophysical Data Center. In case 
of dispute maps will be used to determine the correct value.



Sec. 80.759  Average terrain elevation.

    (a)(1) Draw radials from the antenna site for each 45 degrees of 
azimuth starting with true north. Any such radial which extends entirely 
over land from the antenna site to the point of +17 dBu field strength 
need not be drawn.
    (2) If the distance from the antenna site to the point of +17 dBu 
field strength between any of the 45 degrees radials would be less than 
the distances calculated along these radials, an additional radial 
between such adjacent radials must be plotted and calculations made in 
each case. Each additional radial must be that radial along which it 
appears by inspection that transmission loss would be greatest.
    (b) Draw a circle of 16 km (10 statute mile) radius using the 
antenna site as the center. Divide each radial into 320 meter (0.2 
statute mile) increments inside the circumference to the 3.2 km (2 
statute mile) point.
    (c) Calculate the height above sea level of each 320 meter (0.2 
statute mile) division by interpolating the contour intervals of the 
map, and record the value.
    (d) Average the values by adding them and dividing by the number of 
readings along each radial.
    (e) Calculate the height above average terrain by averaging the 
values calculated for each radial.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.761  Conversion graphs.

    The following graphs must be employed where conversion from one to 
the other of the indicated types of units is required.
    (a) Graph 1. To convert effective radiated power in watts to dBk or 
to dBW, find the power in watts on the horizontal axis. Move vertically 
along the line representing the power to the diagonal line. Move 
horizontally from the diagonal to the right side to read dBW and to the 
left to read dBk.
    (b) Graph 2. To convert microvolts across 50 ohms to received power 
in dBW, find the signal in microvolts on the horizontal axis. Move 
vertically to the diagonal line, then move right horizontally to read 
dBW.

[[Page 125]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.002


[[Page 126]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.003

    (c) Graph 3. To convert received power in dBW to field intensity in 
dBu find the received power in dBW on the horizontal axis. Move 
vertically to the diagonal line, then move right horizontally to read 
dBu.

[[Page 127]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.004



Sec. 80.763  Effective antenna height.

    The effective height of the antenna is the vertical distance between 
the center of the radiating system above the mean sea level and the 
average terrain elevation.

[[Page 128]]



Sec. 80.765  Effective radiated power.

    Effective radiated power is used in computing the service area 
contour. The effective radiated power is derived from the transmitter 
output power, loss in the transmission system including duplexers, 
cavities, circulators, switches and filters, and the gain relative to a 
half-wave dipole of the antenna system.



Sec. 80.767  Propagation curve.

    The propagation graph, Sec. 80.767 Graph 1, must be used in 
computing the service area contour. The graph provides data for field 
strengths in dBu for an effective radiated power of 1 kW, over sea 
water, fresh water or land (smooth earth); transmitting antena heights 
of 4,800, 3,200, 1,600, 800, 400, 200, and 100 feet; based on a 
receiving antenna height of 9 meters (30 feet), for the 156-162 MHz 
band. The use of this is described in this section.
    (a) Calculate the effective radiated power of the coast station, Ps 
in dB referred to 1 kW (dBk), as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.005

where,
Pt=Transmitter output power in dB referred to 1 kW: Transmitter output 
power in watts is converted to dBk by Pt=10 [log10 (Power in watts)]-30. 
Also see Sec. 80.761 Graph 1 for a conversion graph.
G=Antenna gain in dB referred to a standard half-wave dipole, in the 
direction of each plotted radial, and
L=Line losses between the transmitter and the antenna, in dB.
    Notes: 1. To determine field strengths where the distance is known, 
for effective radiated powers other than 1kW (0 dBk): Enter the graph 
from the ``statute miles'' scale at the known distance, read up to 
intersection with the curve for the antenna height, read left to the 
``dBu for 1 kW radiated'' scale and note the referenced field strength 
(Fe). The value of the actual field strength (F) in dBu will be F=Fe+Ps 
where Ps is the effective radiated power calculated above.
    2. To determine distance, where the actual field strength is 
specified, for effective radiated powers other than 0 dBk: The value of 
the field referenced strength will be Fe=F-Ps in dBu. Enter the graph, 
from the ``dBu for 1 kW radiated'' scale at the corrected value of Fe, 
read right to intersection with the antenna height, read down to 
``statute miles'' scale.
    (b) Determine the antenna height. For antenna heights between the 
heights for which this graph is drawn, use linear interpolation; assume 
linear height-gain for antennas higher than 4,800 feet.
    (c) For receiver antenna heights lower than 9 meters (30 feet), 
assume that the field strength is the same as at 9 meters (30 feet).
    (d) Assume that propagation over fresh water or over land is the 
same as that over sea water.

[[Page 129]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.006



Sec. 80.769  Shadow loss.

    Where the transmission path is obstructed the received signal must 
be adjusted to include shadow loss. Attenuation due to shadowing must be 
taken from Sec. 80.769 Graph 1, as follows:
    (a) Inspect the map(s) to determine if a hill(s) obstructs an 
imaginary line of

[[Page 130]]

sight (dashed line on illustrative profiles of Sec. 80.769 Graph 1 from 
the average terrain elevation at the coast station antenna to the water 
level at the ship location. If average terrain elevation exceeds the 
actual ground elevation at the antenna site, the latter elevation must 
be used as the average terrain elevation.
    (b) If a hill appears to obstruct the radio path, plot the antenna 
site elevation, the obstruction elevation and the height of the ship 
station on rectangular coordinate paper using elevation above mean sea 
level as the vertical scale and distance in statute miles as the 
horizontal scale. Then draw a straight line between the antenna and the 
ship.
    (c) If a hill obstructs the imaginary line of sight, determine its 
height (H) above the imaginary line and its distance (D) from either the 
coast or ship station, whichever is nearer, as illustrated by examples 
``A'' and ``B'' on Graph 1.
    (d) Read the shadow loss from this Graph 1 and subtract that loss 
from the computed received signal.
    (e) Where more than one hill obstructs the transmission path, 
determine the height and position of a single equivalent hill, as 
illustrated by example ``C'' on this graph. Read the shadow loss from 
this graph for the equivalent hill.

[[Page 131]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC02AP91.007



Sec. 80.771  Method of computing coverage.

    Compute the +17 dBu contour as follows:
    (a) Determine the effective antenna height above mean sea level 
according to the procedures in Secs. 80.757-80.761.
    (b) Determine the effective radiated power according to Sec. 80,765. 
Determine

[[Page 132]]

for each radial the distance from the antenna site to the +17 dBu point 
of field strength using procedures of Secs. 80.765 and 80.767.
    (c) Plot on a suitable map each point of +17 dBu field strength for 
all radials and draw the contour by connecting the adjacent points by a 
smooth curve.



Sec. 80.773  Co-channel interference protection.

    (a) Where a VHF public coast station geographic area licensee shares 
a frequency with an incumbent VHF public coast station licensee, the 
ratio of desired to undesired signal strengths must be at least 12 dB 
within the service area of the station.
    (b) Where a VHF public coast station geographic area licensee shares 
a frequency with an incumbent private land mobile radio licensee, the 
VHF public coast station geographic area licensee must provide at least 
10 dB protection to the PLMR incumbent's predicted 38 dBu signal level 
contour. The PLMR incumbent's predicted 38 dBu signal level contour is 
calculated using the F(50, 50) field strength chart for Channels 7-13 in 
Sec. 73.699 (Fig. 10a) of this chapter, with a 9 dB correction factor 
for antenna height differential, and is based on the licensee's 
authorized effective radiated power and antenna height-above-average-
terrain.
    (c) VHF public coast station geographic area licensees are 
prohibited from exceeding a field strength of +5 dBu (decibels 
referenced to 1 microvolt per meter) at their service area boundaries, 
unless all the affected VHF public coast station geographic area 
licensees agree to the higher field strength.

[63 FR 40065, July 27, 1998, as amended at 64 FR 26887, May 18, 1999]



  Subpart Q--Compulsory Radiotelegraph Installations for Vessels 1600 
                               Gross Tons

                          Stations on Shipboard



Sec. 80.801  Applicability.

    The radiotelegraph requirements of Part II of Title III of the 
Communications Act apply to all passenger ships irrespective of size and 
cargo ships of 1600 gross tons and upward. The Safety Convention applies 
to such ships on international voyages. These ships are required to 
carry a radiotelegraph installation complying with this subpart.



Sec. 80.802  Inspection of station.

    (a) Every ship of the United States subject to Part II of Title III 
of the Communications Act or Chapter IV of the Safety Convention 
equipped with a radiotelegraph installation must have the required radio 
equipment inspected by an FCC-licensed technician holding a Second Class 
Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate, or First Class Radiotelegraph 
Operator's Certificate once every 12 months. If the ship passes the 
inspection the technician will issue a Cargo Ship Safety Radio 
Certificate. Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificates may be obtained from 
the Commission's National Call Center--(888) 225-5322--or from its Forms 
contractor.
    (1) The effective date of ship safety certificates is the date the 
station is found to be in compliance or not later than one business day 
later.
    (2) At inspection, the minimum field strength capability of the main 
installation and reserve installation when connected to the main antenna 
may be shown by the licensee by one of the following methods:
    (i) Producing a record of communications on 500 kHz over a minimum 
distance of 370 kilometers (200 nautical miles) for the main 
installation and 185 kilometers (100 nautical miles) for the reserve 
installation which demonstrates the transmission and reception of 
clearly perceptible signals from ship to ship by day and under normal 
conditions and circumstances, or
    (ii) Provide documentation by a professional engineer, or a person 
holding a first or second class radiotelegraph operator's certificate, 
or a general radiotelephone operator license, that the installation 
produces at 1.85 kilometers (one nautical mile) a minimum field strength 
of thirty (30) millivolts per meter for the main installation and ten 
(10) millivolts per meter for the reserve installation. The licensee 
shall provide, at a minimum, the name and license number of the 
individual making the measurements or record of communications.

[[Page 133]]

    (b) Certificates issued in accordance with the Safety Convention 
must be posted in a prominent and accessible place in the ship.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 57 FR 26779, June 16, 1992; 
63 FR 29960, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.804  Radio station.

    The required radio station must comply with the provisions of this 
subpart in addition to all other applicable requirements of this part. 
The radio station consists of a radiotelegraph station and a ship radar 
station. The radiotelegraph station comprises a main and a reserve 
radiotelegraph installation, electrically separate and electrically 
independent of each other except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) 
of Sec. 80.805, a radiotelephone installation and such other equipment 
as may be necessary for the proper operation of these installations. The 
ship radar station comprises a radar installation and such other 
equipment and facilities as may be necessary for its proper operation.



Sec. 80.805  Radio installations.

    (a) The main radiotelegraph installation includes a main 
transmitter, a main receiver, a main power supply, a main antenna system 
and a 2182 kHz radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver.
    (b) The reserve radiotelegraph installation includes a reserve 
transmitter, a reserve receiver, a reserve power supply, emergency 
electric lights and reserve antenna system: except that:
    (1) In installations on cargo ships of 300 gross tons and upwards 
but less than 1,600 gross tons, and in installations on cargo ships of 
1,600 gross tons and upwards installed prior to November 19, 1952, if 
the main transmitter complies with all the requirements for the reserve 
transmitter, the latter may be omitted.
    (2) A cargo ship the keel of which was laid prior to June 1, 1954, 
may either be equipped with a reserve antenna or provided a spare 
antenna consisting of a single-wire transmitting antenna (including 
suitable insulators) completely assembled for immediate installation.
    (c) The medium frequency radiotelephone installation includes a 
radiotelephone transmitter, a radiotelephone receiver and an appropriate 
antenna system.



Sec. 80.806  Requirements of main installation.

    All main radiotelegraph installations must meet the following 
requirements:
    (a) The main antenna must be installed and protected to ensure 
proper operation of the station. Effective October 14, 1986, the main 
antenna energized by the main transmitter on the frequency 500 kHz must 
produce at one nautical mile a minimum field strength of thirty (30) 
millivolts per meter. If the main antenna is suspended between masts or 
other supports liable to whipping, a safety link must be installed 
which, under heavy stress, will reduce breakage of the antenna, the 
halyards, or any other antenna-supporting elements.
    (b) The main transmitter must be capable of meeting the requirements 
of Sec. 80.253.
    (c) The main receiver must efficiently receive A1A and A2A emission 
on all frequencies within the bands 100-200 kHz and 405-535 kHz. It must 
have headphones capable of effective operation. The main receiver must 
have sufficient sensitivity to effectively operate headphones or a 
loudspeaker when the receiver input is 50 microvolts.
    (d) The main power supply must simultaneously (1) energize the main 
transmitter at its required antenna power, and the main receiver, (2) 
charge at any required rate all batteries forming part of the 
radiotelegraph station, and (3) charge the main power supply for this 
purpose at all times including times of inspection. Under this load 
condition the voltage of the main power supply at the radio room 
terminals must not deviate from its rated value by more than 10 percent 
on vessels completed on or after July 1, 1941, nor by more than 15 
percent on vessels completed before that date. While at sea, batteries 
forming part of the main installation must be fully charged daily.
    (e) To measure voltage(s) of the main power supply at its radio room 
terminals, voltmeter(s) must be permanently

[[Page 134]]

installed in the radiotelegraph operating room.
    (f) The main installation must be provided with a device permitting 
changeover from transmission to reception and vice versa without manual 
switching.
    (g) The main installation must be capable of being quickly connected 
with and tuned to the main antenna and the reserve antenna if one is 
installed.



Sec. 80.807  Requirements of radiotelephone installation.

    All radiotelephone installations in radiotelegraph equipped vessels 
must meet the following conditions.
    (a) The radiotelephone transmitter must be capable of transmission 
of A3E or H3E emission on 2182 kHz and must be capable of transmitting 
clearly perceptible signals from ship to ship during daytime, under 
normal conditions over a range of 150 nautical miles when used with an 
antenna system in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section. The 
transmitter must:
    (1) Have a duty cycle which allows for transmission of the 
radiotelephone alarm signal described in Sec. 80.221.
    (2) Provide 25 watts carrier power for A3E emission or 60 watts peak 
power on H3E emission into an artificial antenna consisting of 10 ohms 
resistance and 200 picofarads capacitance or 50 ohms nominal impedance 
to demonstrate compliance with the 150 nautical mile range requirement.
    (3) Have a visual indication whenever the transmitter is supplying 
power to the antenna.
    (4) Have a two-tone alarm signal generator that meets Sec. 80.221.
    (5) The radiotelephone transmitter required by this paragraph may be 
contained in the same enclosure as the receiver required by paragraph 
(b) of this section. Additionally, these transmitters may have the 
capability to transmit J3E emissions.
    (b)(1) The radiotelephone receiver must receive A3E and H3E 
emissions when connected to the antenna system specified in paragraph 
(c) this section and must be preset to 2182 kHz. The receiver must 
additionally:
    (i) Provide an audio output of 50 milliwatts to a loudspeaker when 
the RF input is 50 microvolts. The 50 microvolt input signal must be 
modulated 30 percent at 400 Hertz and provide at least a 6 dB signal-to-
noise ratio when measured in the rated audio bandwidth.
    (ii) Be equipped with one or more loudspeakers capable of being used 
to maintain a watch on 2182 kHz at the principal operating position or 
in the room from which the vessel is normally steered.
    (2) The receiver required by Sec. 80.805 may be used instead of this 
receiver. If the watch is stood at the place from which the ship is 
normally steered, a radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver 
must be used for this purpose.
    (3) This receiver may be contained in the same enclosure as the 
transmitter required by paragraph (a) of this section. Additionally, 
these receivers may have the capability to receive J3E emissions.
    (c) The antenna system must be as nondirectional and efficient as is 
practicable for the transmission and reception of radio ground waves 
over seawater. The installation and construction of the required antenna 
must ensure, insofar as is practicable, proper operation in time of 
emergency. If the required antenna is suspended between masts or other 
supports subject to whipping, a safety link must be installed which 
under heavy stress will reduce breakage of the antenna, the halyards, or 
any other supporting elements.
    (d) The radiotelephone installation must be provided with a device 
for permitting changeover from transmission to reception and vice versa 
without manual switching.
    (e) An artificial antenna must be provided to permit weekly checks, 
without causing interference, of the automatic device for generating the 
radiotelephone alarm signal on frequencies other than the radiotelephone 
distress frequency.
    (f) The radiotelephone installation must be located in the 
radiotelegraph operating room or in the room from which the ship is 
normally steered.
    (g) Demonstration of the radiotelephone installation may be required 
by Commission representatives to show

[[Page 135]]

compliance with applicable regulations.
    (h) The radiotelephone installation must be protected from excessive 
currents and voltages.
    (i) The radiotelephone installation must be maintained in an 
efficient condition.



Sec. 80.808  Requirements of reserve installation.

    (a) All reserve radiotelegraph installations must comply with the 
following conditions, in addition to all other requirements:
    (1) The reserve installation must be capable of being placed in 
operation within a maximum time of 1 minute.
    (2) The reserve antenna must be installed and protected to ensure 
proper operation in time of an emergency.
    (3) Effective October 14, 1986, the main antenna energized by the 
reserve transmitter on 500 kHz must produce at one nautical mile a 
minimum field strength of ten (10) millivolts per meter.
    (4) The reserve transmitter must meet the requirements of 
Sec. 80.255.
    (5) The reserve receiver must receive A1A and A2B emissions on all 
frequencies within the band 405-535 kHz. It must have headphones. 
Additionally a loudspeaker may be provided for use in accordance with 
the provisions of Sec. 80.313. The reserve receiver must be able to 
operate headphones or a loudspeaker when the receiver RF input is 100 
microvolts.
    (6) The reserve installation must be capable of being quickly 
connected with and tuned to the main antenna, and the reserve antenna if 
one is installed.
    (7) Emergency electric lights, energized solely by the reserve power 
supply and connected to it through individual fuses must be provided. 
The emergency electric lights must illuminate the operating controls of 
the main and reserve radiotelegraph installations and the radio station 
clock. The emergency lighting circuits must avoid excessive voltage to 
the emergency lights during the charging of any batteries forming part 
of the reserve installation. The provisions of this paragraph do not 
preclude the use of any other power supply for energizing these lights 
solely as an additional provision. If a separate emergency 
radiotelegraph operating room is provided, the requirements of this 
paragraph apply to it.
    (8) The emergency electric lights must be controlled by two-way 
switches placed near the main entrance to the radiotelegraph operating 
room and at the radiotelegraph operating position, in all cases where 
the distance between these points is greater than 2.4 meters (8 feet). 
This requirement applies to stations which replace, or initially install 
the main or reserve radiotelegraph transmitter on and after May 26, 
1965.
    (9) There must be readily available under normal load conditions a 
reserve power supply for the reserve installation which must be 
independent of the propelling power of the ship and of any other 
electrical system. The reserve power supply must simultaneously energize 
the reserve transmitter at its required antenna power and the reserve 
receiver for at least 6 hours continuously under normal working 
conditions, and energize the automatic-alarm-signal keying device 
continuously for a period of 1 hour.
    (10) The reserve power supply may be used to energize the following 
apparatus provided it has adequate capacity:
    (i) The audible warning apparatus included as a component of an 
approved radiotelegraph auto alarm;
    (ii) The VHF installation required by subpart R of this chapter 
simultaneously with the reserve transmitter in the case of distress, 
urgency and safety communications;
    (iii) The VHF installation required by subpart R of this chapter 
alternately with the reserve transmitter. A switching device must be 
fitted to ensure alternate operation only in the case of distress, 
urgency and safety communications;
    (iv) The radiotelephone alarm signal generator;
    (v) The bridge-to-bridge VHF radiotelephone installation required by 
subpart U of this chapter.

[[Page 136]]

    (11) The reserve power supply must be located as near to the reserve 
transmitter and reserve receiver as is practicable and must comply with 
all applicable rules and regulations of the United States Coast Guard. 
The switchboard of the reserve power supply must wherever possible, be 
situated in the radiotelegraph operating room. If it is not, it must be 
illuminated.
    (12) All reserve power supply circuits must be protected from 
overloads.
    (13) Means must be provided for charging any batteries forming a 
part of the reserve installation, and such batteries must be maintained 
in a fully charged condition daily while at sea. There must be a device 
which, during charging of the batteries, gives a continuous indication 
of the rate and polarity of the charging current.
    (14) The cooling system of each internal combustion engine used as a 
part of the reserve power supply must be protected to prevent freezing 
or overheating consistent with the season and route to be traveled by 
the particular vessel.
    (b)(1) The shipowner, operating company, or station licensee, if 
directed by the Commission or its authorized representative must 
demonstrate that the reserve installation satisfies the 6-hour operating 
requirement of law.
    (2) When the reserve power supply includes a battery, proof of the 
ability of such battery to operate continuously and effectively for 6 
hours can be established by a discharge test over a prescribed period of 
time, when supplying power at the voltage required for normal operation 
to an electrical load as prescribed by paragraph (b)(4) of this section.
    (3) When the reserve power supply includes an engine-driven 
generator, proof of the adequacy of the engine fuel supply to operate 
the unit continuously and effectively for 6 hours may be established by 
measuring the fuel consumption during 1 hour when supplying power, at 
the voltage required for normal operation, to an electrical load as 
prescribed by paragraph (b)(4) of this section.
    (4) To determine the electrical load to be supplied by the reserve 
power supply, the following formula must be used:
    (i) One-half of the reserve transmitter current with the key closed; 
plus
    (ii) One-half of the reserve transmitter current with the key open; 
plus
    (iii) One sixth of the current of the automatic radiotelegraph alarm 
signal keying device when this device is energized; plus
    (iv) Current of the reserve receiver; plus
    (v) Current of emergency lights; plus
    (vi) Current of the bridge-to-bridge transceiver when connected.
    (5) At the conclusion of the tests specified in paragraphs (b) (2) 
and (3) of this section, no part of the reserve power supply must have 
an excessive temperature rise, nor must the specific gravity or voltage 
of the battery be below the 90 percent discharge point.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.809  Routing of power supply wiring.

    The conductors connecting the main power supply to the main 
installation, the reserve supply to reserve installation and the radar 
power supply to the ship radar station, must be routed to ensure 
adequate protection from overload, mechanical injury and be kept clear 
of electrical grounds.



Sec. 80.810  Use of reserve installation.

    The reserve transmitter, and the reserve power supply for the 
reserve transmitter, are primarily for safety and test communication. 
This equipment may be used for other communication for a period not to 
exceed 1 hour per day in the aggregate. The reserve receiver, and the 
reserve power supply for the reserve receiver if a battery, may be used 
at any time to maintain a safety watch if such use will not reduce the 
capabilities of the reserve power supply to energize the associated 
component or components of the reserve installation for at least 6 
consecutive hours.



Sec. 80.811  Tests of reserve installation and automatic-alarm-signal keying device.

    (a) The condition of the reserve installation and of the automatic 
alarm

[[Page 137]]

signal keying device must be determined (with the exception noted in 
paragraph (b) of this section) prior to the vessel's departure from each 
port and on each day the vessel is outside of a harbor or port. If the 
vessel is in two or more ports within one day, the required tests need 
be made only once. If the vessel is in port for less than one day, the 
required test for that day may be made before arrival or after 
departure. The following tests must be made and the results entered in 
the radiotelegraph station log:
    (1) Check the reserve power supply as follows:
    (i) Test battery charging circuits for correct polarity and charging 
rate:
    (ii) In the case of lead-acid batteries, determine the specific 
gravity of the electrolyte.
    (iii) In the case of other types of batteries, take voltage readings 
under normal battery load.
    (iv) When an engine-driven generator is used, check the quantity of 
fuel in the fuel tank;
    (2) Test the emergency lighting circuits and emergency electric 
lights by actual operation;
    (3) Test the reserve receiver, while energized by the reserve power 
supply, by actual operation and comparison of received signals with 
similar signals received by the main receiver;
    (4) On days when not used for communication, the reserve transmitter 
energized by the reserve power supply must be tested by actual operation 
when connected to the main antenna, an artificial antenna or a reserve 
antenna.
    (5) If installed, the reserve antenna must be used at least once 
each voyage, noting antenna currents;
    (6) Test the automatic-alarm-signal keying device for correct timing 
adjustment of the keying mechanism. Do not transmit when making this 
test.
    (b) In the case of vessels loading or discharging flammable, 
unstable or dangerous cargo, or while berthed at oil terminals or in 
other comparable areas, predeparture transmitter tests need not be made. 
In such cases, the provisions of paragraph (a)(4) of this section, in 
connection with predeparture tests, do not apply if a suitable 
explanation is entered in the radio station log.



Sec. 80.812  Automatic-alarm-signal keying device.

    The required radiotelegraph station includes one or more devices, 
certificated by the Commission in accordance with subpart F of this part 
capable of automatically operating the normal keying circuits of a 
required radiotelegraph transmitter to transmit the international 
radiotelegraph alarm signal.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.813  Installation of automatic-alarm-signal keying device.

    (a) The automatic radiotelegraph alarm signal keyer must be 
installed in the radiotelegraph operating room. It must be possible to 
key, nonsimultaneously, the main transmitter and the reserve 
transmitter, and to permit the device to be taken out of operation at 
any time in order to permit immediate manual transmitter operation. Only 
one control must be provided for each automatic alarm signal keying 
device. This control must be located in the radiotelegraph operating 
room.
    (b) The required automatic radiotelegraph alarm signal keying device 
must be capable of operating efficiently for a continuous period of 1 
hour when energized solely by the reserve power supply.



Sec. 80.814  Radiotelegraph auto alarm.

    An auto alarm which is installed and used on board a cargo ship of 
the United States pursuant to the provisions of Sec. 80.315 comprises a 
complete receiving, selecting and warning device certificated by the 
Commission in accordance with section 3(x) of the Communications Act, 
capable of being actuated automatically by intercepted radio frequency 
waves forming the international radiotelegraph alarm signal.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]

[[Page 138]]



Sec. 80.815  Installation of radiotelegraph auto alarm.

    Installation of a radiotelegraph auto alarm must comply with the 
following conditions.
    (a) The auto alarm must be located in the radiotelegraph operating 
room and be installed and protected to insure proper operation. The 
radiotelegraph auto alarm system must be operated from the 
radiotelegraph operating room. A switch must be provided to:
    (1) Transfer the main antenna from all other equipment and connect 
it to the radiotelegraph auto alarm receiver and place the auto alarm in 
service and, back to the original configuration A voltmeter must be 
provided for the determining that the supply voltages are within the 
operating limits.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (b) The auto alarm must give an audible warning in the 
radiotelegraph operating room, in the radio officer's cabin, and on the 
navigating bridge. The alarm must operate continuously after the alarm 
has been actuated by a radiotelegraph alarm signal or by failure of the 
system, until manually turned off. Only one switch for stopping the 
alarm is authorized, and this must be located in the radiotelegraph 
operating room and be capable of manual operation only. However ships 
operating under the general exemption of Sec. 80.836(c) may install an 
additional switch on the bridge for stopping the warning apparatus.
    (c) Failure of the auto alarm if of a type approved prior to July 
23, 1951, to function normally due to prolonged interference must 
operate a visual indicator on the bridge. The type and method of 
installation of such visual indicator must comply with the requirements 
of the U.S. Coast Guard.
    (d) The power supply voltage of an auto alarm must be maintained 
within definite upper and lower limits. The power supply must have an 
auxiliary device which:
    (1) Will energize the alarm if this power supply fails or its 
voltage exceeds the limits specified for the particular type of auto 
alarm involved; or
    (2) Will automatically connect the auto alarm to an auxiliary power 
supply, the voltage of which is within the specified limits.



Sec. 80.817  Tests of radiotelegraph auto alarm.

    (a) The radio officer must at least once every 24 hours while the 
ship is in the open sea:
    (1) Test the auto alarm by using the testing device to determine 
whether the auto alarm will respond to not less than 4 nor more than 12 
consecutive dashes having an approximate duration of 4 seconds and an 
approximate spacing of 1 second.
    (2) Determine the proper functioning of the auto alarm receiver 
while connected to its normal antenna, by actual operation and 
comparison of received signals with similar signals received on 500 kHz 
by the main receiver.
    (b) If the auto alarm is not in proper operating condition, the 
radio officer must report that fact to the master or officer on watch on 
the bridge.
    (c) A statement that the tests specified in this section have been 
made, and the results of such tests, must be inserted in the 
radiotelegraph station log.



Sec. 80.818  Direction finding and homing equipment.

    Each compulsory ship of 1,600 gross tons or over whose keel was 
laid:
    (a) Prior to May 25, 1980, must be equipped with radio direction 
finding apparatus in operating condition and approved by the Commission 
during an inspection.
    (b) On or after May 25, 1980, must be equipped with radio direction 
finding apparatus having a homing capability in accordance with 
Sec. 80.824.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 29960, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.819  Requirements for radio direction finder.

    (a) The radio direction finding apparatus must:
    (1) Be capable of receiving signals A1A, A2B and R2B emission, on 
each frequency within the band 285-515 kHz assigned by the Radio 
Regulations for distress and direction finding and for maritime radio 
beacons, and be calibrated to take bearings on such signals

[[Page 139]]

from which the true bearing and direction may be determined; and
    (2) Possess a sensitivity, sufficient to permit the taking of 
bearings on a signal having a field strength of 50 microvolts per meter.
    (b) The calibration of the direction finder must be verified by 
check bearings or by a further calibration whenever any changes are made 
in the physical or electrical characteristics or the position of any 
antennas, and whenever any changes are made in the position of any deck 
structures which might affect the accuracy of the direction finder. In 
addition, the calibration must be verified by check bearings at yearly 
intervals. A record of the calibrations, and of the check bearings made 
of their accuracy and the accuracy of the check bearings must be kept on 
board the ship for a period of not less than 1 year.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 29660, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.820  Auxiliary receiving antenna.

    An auxiliary receiving antenna must be provided when necessary to 
avoid unauthorized interruption or reduced efficiency of the required 
watch because the normal receiving antenna is not available because a 
radio direction finder on board the vessel is operated.



Sec. 80.821  Installation of direction finder.

    (a) The direction finder must be located to minimize interference 
from noise.
    (b) The direction finder antenna system must be erected so that the 
determination of bearings will not be hindered by the proximity of other 
antennas, cranes, wire halyards, or large metal objects.



Sec. 80.822  Contingent acceptance of direction finder calibration.

    When the required calibration can not be made before departure from 
a harbor or port for a voyage in the open sea, the direction finder may 
be tentatively approved on condition that the master certifies in 
writing that the direction finder will be calibrated by a competent 
technician.

[63 FR 29660, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.823  Check bearings by authorized ship personnel.

    The requirement for calibration by check bearings is met if:
    (a) The required verification by check bearings are made not more 
than 90 days prior to the date of the annual detailed inspection of the 
radiotelegraph station;
    (b) The verification consists of a comparison of simultaneous visual 
and radio direction finder bearings. At least one comparison bearing 
must be taken in each quadrant, within plus or minus 20 degrees from the 
following bearings relative to the ship's heading: 45 degrees; 135 
degrees; 225 degrees; 315 degrees;
    (c) The verification shows the visual bearing relative to the ship's 
heading and the difference between the visual and radio direction finder 
bearing, and the date each check bearing is taken.



Sec. 80.824  Homing facility requirements.

    (a) Direction finding equipment used on compulsory vessels whose 
keel was laid on or after May 25, 1980, must additionally have a homing 
facility which is:
    (1) Capable of operating with A1A, A2B, H2B and H8E emission on any 
frequency in the band 2167-2197 kHz;
    (2) Capable of taking direction finding bearings on the 
radiotelephone distress frequency 2182 kHz without ambiguity of sense 
within an arc of 30 degrees on either side of the bow;
    (3) Installed with due regard to CCIR Recommendation 428-2:
    (4) Sufficiently sensitive, in the absence of interference, to take 
bearings on a signal having a field strength of 25 microvolts per meter;
    (5) Capable of determining its accuracy by comparison of visual or 
calculated bearings and homing facility bearings. Comparisons must be 
made at -30, 0 and +30 degrees relative to the ships heading to show 
that the correct sense is indicated.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 80.825  Radar installation requirements and specifications.

    (a) Radar installations on board ships that are required by the 
Safety Convention or the U.S. Coast Guard to be equipped with radar must 
comply with

[[Page 140]]

either the document referenced in paragraph (a)(1) of this section or 
the applicable document referenced in paragraphs (a)(2) through (a)(4) 
of this section. These documents are incorporated by reference in 
accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). The documents contain specifications, 
standards and general requirements applicable to shipboard radar 
equipment and shipboard radar installations. For purposes of this part, 
the specifications, standards and general requirements stated in these 
documents are mandatory irrespective of discretionary language. Radar 
documents are available for inspection at the Commission Headquarters in 
Washington, DC, or may be obtained from the Radio Technical Commission 
for Maritime Services (RTCM), P.O. Box 19087, Washington, DC 20036.
    (1) Radar installed on ships of 500 gross tons and upwards on or 
after July 1, 1988, must comply with the provisions of RTCM Paper 133-
87/SC 103-33 including Appendix A. Title: ``RTCM Recommended Performance 
Specification for a General Purpose Navigational Radar Set for 
Oceangoing Ships of 500 Gross Tons and Upwards for New Radar 
Installations.'' Title of Appendix A: ``General Purpose Shipborne 
Navigational Radar Set for Oceangoing Ships Design and Testing 
Specifications.'' Document originally approved by RTCM August 15, 1985 
and revised May 15, 1987.
    (2) Radar installed on ships of 1,600 gross tons and upwards on or 
before April 27, 1981, must comply with the provisions of Volume II of 
RTCM Special Committee No. 65 Final Report; Part II. Title: 
``Performance Specification for a General Purpose Navigational Radar Set 
for Oceangoing Ships of 1,600 Tons Gross Tonnage and Upwards for Ships 
Already Fitted.'' Document approved by RTCM July 18, 1978; effective as 
FCC requirement on April 27, 1981.
    (3) Radar installed on ships of 1,600 gross tons and upwards after 
April 27, 1981 and before July 1, 1988, must comply with the provisions 
of Volume II of RTCM Special Committee No. 65 Final Report with Change 1 
entered; Part I including Appendix A. Title: ``Performance Specification 
for a General Purpose Navigational Radar Set for Oceangoing Vessels of 
1,600 Tons Gross Tonnage and Upwards for New Radar Installations.'' 
Title of Appendix A: ``General Purpose Shipborne Navigational Radar Set 
for Oceangoing Ships Design and Testing Specifications.'' Document 
approved by RTCM July 18, 1978; effective as FCC requirement on April 
27, 1981.
    (4) Ships between 500 and 1,600 gross tons constructed on or after 
September 1, 1984, with radar installed before July 1, 1988, must comply 
with Regulation 12, Chapter V of the Safety Convention and with the 
provisions of Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization 
(IMCO) [Now International Maritime Organization (IMO)] Resolution 
A.477(XII). Title: ``Performance Standards for Radar Equipment.'' 
Adopted by IMCO November 19, 1981.
    (b) For ships of 10,000 gross tons or more and any other ship that 
is required to be equipped with two radar systems, each of these systems 
must be capable of operating independently and must comply with the 
specifications, standards and general requirements established by 
paragraph (a) of this section. One of the systems must provide a display 
with an effective diameter of not less than 340 millimeters (13.4 
inches) (16-inch cathode ray tube). The other system must provide a 
display with an effective diameter of not less than 250 millimeters (9.8 
inches) (12-inch cathode ray tube).
    (c) Recommendations for tools, test equipment, spares and technical 
manuals are contained in Part IV of Volume III of the RTCM SC-65 Final 
Report approved by RTCM July 18, 1978.

[52 FR 35247, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.826  Interior communication systems.

    (a) An interior communication system must be provided between the 
bridge of the ship and the radiotelegraph operating room in all cases 
where the radiotelegraph operating room does not adjoin or open onto the 
navigating bridge structure. An interior communication system must also 
be provided between the bridge and the location of the radio direction 
finding apparatus whenever the latter is not located on the bridge or 
within any

[[Page 141]]

compartment adjoining or opening onto the navigating bridge structure. 
If the operating position of the reserve radio installation is not 
located in the room normally used for operating the main radio 
installation, an interior communication system must be separately 
provided between the bridge and each of these radio operating positions.
    (b) If a vessel has more than one location from which it is normally 
controlled and steered, the interior communication system between the 
radiotelegraph operating room and bridge must include communication to 
each such location. The existence at a location of all of the following 
factors will require that a point of communication be established there: 
(1) A steering wheel; (2) a compass; (3) an engine order telegraph; (4) 
control of the whistle; and (5) a wheelhouse enclosure.
    (c) Paragraph (b) of this section does not apply to locations 
established solely for emergency use in event of failure of the normal 
steering facilities or locations used solely while docking or 
maneuvering a ship while in port or for brief periods while navigating 
the ship in close quarters on inland waters.



Sec. 80.827  Requirements for interior communication systems.

    The interior communication systems required by Sec. 80.826 must 
provide two-way calling and voice communication, be independent of any 
other communication system in the ship, and be of a type approved by the 
United States Coast Guard. The location and termination of individual 
systems is subject to approval by the Commission.



Sec. 80.828  Radiotelegraph station clock.

    A working clock equipped with a sweep seconds hand and having a dial 
not less than 12.7 cm (5 inches) in diameter, the face of which is 
marked to indicate the silence periods prescribed for the radiotelegraph 
service by the International Radio Regulations, must be provided. It 
must be securely mounted in the radiotelegraph operating room in such a 
position that the entire dial can be clearly observed by the radio 
officer from the normal radiotelegraph operating position, from the 
operating position where the international radiotelegraph alarm signal 
would ordinarily be transmitted by hand, and from the position used for 
testing the auto alarm (if installed). If a separate emergency 
radiotelegraph operating room is provided, the requirements of this 
section apply to it also.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.829  Survival craft nonportable radiotelegraph installation.

    (a) A survival craft nonportable radiotelegraph installation 
required by law to be provided in a motor lifeboat must include the 
following components as a minimum:
    (1) A transmitting and receiving antenna and antenna accessories,
    (2) An artificial antenna for testing purposes;
    (3) A transmitter with keying arrangements for use of 
radiotelegraphy, an associated radio receiver with headphones, and a 
suitable device for converting from the power supply battery voltage to 
the voltages used by the transmitter and receiver;
    (4) A power supply;
    (5) A device for a ground connection to the water when the lifeboat 
is afloat.
    (b) Components of a survival craft nonportable radiotelegraph 
installation specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section must be 
certificated of Secs. 80.263 and 80.265.
    (c) The radiotelegraph equipment must be installed in a cabin large 
enough to accommodate both the equipment and the person using it. The 
operation of the radiotelegraph installation must not be interfered with 
by the survival craft engine while it is running, whether or not a 
battery is on charge.
    (d) The antenna must be a single wire inverted L type with a 
horizontal section of the maximum practicable length and a height above 
the mean waterline of not less than 6 meters (20 feet), and must be so 
designed that it can be quickly erected and utilized by a person in the 
lifeboat while afloat.
    (e) The ground system must comply with the following requirements:
    (1) The radio installation when installed in a metal hull lifeboat 
must be grounded to the hull of the lifeboat.

[[Page 142]]

The ground connection must be physically located in a position where it 
is inaccessible to the normal movement of occupants or accessories in 
the lifeboat;
    (2) The radio installation when installed in a lifeboat having a 
nonmetallic hull must be grounded to a bare plate or strips of corrosion 
resistant metal having a total area of at least 6 square feet and 
located on the hull of the lifeboat below the waterline.
    (f) When the lifeboat is afloat the installation must be capable of 
developing an antenna current such that the product of the maximum 
height of the antenna above the mean surface of the water, expressed in 
meters, and the r.m.s. antenna current on the frequency 500 kHz, 
expressed in amperes, is not less than 9.6.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993; 
63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.830  Power supply for survival craft nonportable radiotelegraph installation.

    (a) The power supply for the survival craft nonportable 
radiotelegraph installation must consist of a battery capable of 
operating the survival craft radiotelegraph installation for at least 6 
hours continuously under normal working conditions.
    (b) The battery may power equipment other than the radiotelegraph 
installation (except that it must not be used to supply power to any 
engine starting motor or ignition system) provided such additional use 
will not adversely affect the required capabilities of the battery. All 
circuits connected to the battery must be independently fused.
    (c) The battery must be kept charged at all times while at sea. The 
charging of the battery must not require its removal from the survival 
craft in which it is installed. The necessary charging equipment must 
not interfere with the launching of the survival craft, and must be 
easily and quickly removable. The charging circuit for the battery must 
be routed through the radiotelegraph operating room, and include a 
device located in the radiotelegraph operating room which will give 
continuous indication of the polarity and the rate of charge.
    (d) Installation must provide for charging of the battery by means 
of a generator on the survival craft engine.
    (e) Subject to approval of the United States Coast Guard, the 
battery must be mounted in a suitable container that will provide 
protection from salt water spray and also allow proper ventilation.



Sec. 80.831  Survival craft portable radiotelegraph equipment.

    (a) Survival craft portable radiotelegraph equipment required by law 
to be provided must be certificated by the Commission as capable of 
meeting the provisions of Secs. 80.263 and 80.265.
    (b) The equipment must be stowed in the radio room, bridge or a 
protected location near a lifeboat and be readily accessible for 
transfer to a lifeboat. However, in tankers of 3,000 gross tons and over 
in which lifeboats are fitted amidships and aft, this equipment must be 
kept in a suitable place in the vicinity of those lifeboats which are 
farthest away from the ship's main transmitter.
    (c) Equipment for totally enclosed lifeboats must meet the extra 
requirements specified in Sec. 80.265.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.832  Tests of survival craft radio equipment.

    (a) Except for emergency position indicating radio beacons and two-
way radiotelephone equipment, inspections and tests of survival craft 
radio equipment must be conducted by the licensee at weekly intervals 
while the ship is at sea or, if a test or inspection has not been 
conducted within a week prior to its departure, within 24 hours prior to 
the ship's departure from a port. The inspection and tests must include 
operation of the transmitter connected to an artificial antenna and 
determination of the specific gravity or voltage under normal load of 
any batteries.
    (b) When the ship is in a harbor or port of the United States an 
authorized representative of the Commission may require:

[[Page 143]]

    (1) Inspection and test of the survival craft radio equipment in the 
survival craft afloat, including an operational test of the transmitter 
and receiver connected to the required antenna to determine that the 
equipment is in operating condition;
    (2) Demonstration in accordance with Sec. 80.808 that a battery used 
as a part of the survival craft nonportable radio installation is 
capable of energizing the installation for the required 6 hours.
    (c) The results of the inspections and test must be made known to 
the master, and be entered in the ship's radio station log, or in the 
ship's log if the ship is not provided with a radio station.



Sec. 80.833  Class S survival craft emergency position indicating radiobeacons (EPIRB's).

    (a) Survival craft emergency position indicating radiobeacons, Class 
S, required to comply with title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
must be certificated to meet the provisions of Sec. 80.1059.
    (b) The Class S EPIRB must be stowed in the survival craft.
    (c) The Class S EPIRB must be tested at intervals not to exceed 
twelve months.
    (d) Batteries must be replaced after the date specified in 
Sec. 80.1053(e), or after the transmitter has been used in an emergency 
situation, whichever is earlier.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.834  Survival craft portable two-way radiotelephone.

    (a) Survival craft portable two-way radiotelephone transceivers must 
meet the provisions of Sec. 80.271.
    (b) The equipment must be stowed in the radio room, on the bridge or 
in a location readily accessible for transfer to life boats when not 
being used by shipboard personnel to satisfy the vessel's operational 
requirements.
    (c) When not in routine use the survival craft two-way 
radiotelephone transceivers must be operationally tested once a week. 
Operational test should be conducted with equipment separated as far as 
practical and in the case of UHF equipment must include tests on the 
frequency 457.525 MHz.
    (d) All survival craft two-way radiotelephones associated with a 
ship must operate in the same frequency band (VHF or UHF).



Sec. 80.835  Ship and survival craft station spare parts, tools, instruction books, circuit diagrams and testing equipment.

    (a) Each ship station must be provided with such spare parts, tools, 
testing equipment, instruction books and circuit diagrams as will enable 
the radiotelegraph installation and survival craft station to be 
maintained in working condition while at sea. Each ship station licensee 
must compile a list of spare parts, tools, test equipment and circuit 
diagrams it considers necessary for compliance with this requirement. 
This list must be available at inspection. Spare parts for the survival 
craft station must be kept with that station. Other items must be 
located convenient to the radio room.
    (b) The testing equipment must include an instrument or instruments 
for measuring A.C. volts, D.C. volts and ohms.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 29660, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.836  General exemptions.

    (a) General small passenger vessel exemptions, applicable to certain 
U.S. passenger vessels of less than 100 gross tons, are contained in 
subpart S of this part.
    (b) All newly constructed U.S. cargo vessels of 1600 gross tons and 
upward are exempt from the radiotelegraph and radio direction finding 
provisions of Part II of Title III of the Communications Act when 
navigated on sea trials, not more than 150 nautical miles from the 
nearest land, if the following conditions are met:
    (1) The vessel is equipped with a radiotelephone capable of 
operation on 2182 kHz and equipped with a radiotelephone alarm signal 
generator. The vessel may carry an additional portable radiotelephone, 
located in the wheelhouse, equipped with a radiotelephone alarm signal 
generator to satisfy the radiotelephone alarm signal generator 
requirement;

[[Page 144]]

    (2) The radio direction-finding apparatus is calibrated during the 
sea trials;
    (3) A continous watch is maintained in 2182 kHz whenever the 
radiotelephone is not being used for authorized traffic during the sea 
trials; and
    (4) The local FCC Engineer in Charge is advised of the dates and 
routes of the sea trials.
    (c) Prior to February 1, 1999, cargo ships of 1600 gross tons and 
upward are exempt from the radiotelegraph requirements of Part II of 
Title III of the Communications Act, if the following criteria are met:
    (1) The ship operates on domestic voyages only. For purposes of this 
paragraph, the term domestic voyages includes ports in Alaska, U.S. 
possessions in the Caribbean, and along the coasts of the 48 contiguous 
states, so long as the vessel does not make port at a foreign 
destination;
    (2) The routes of the voyage are never more than 150 nautical miles 
from the nearest land; and,
    (3) The ship complies fully with all of the following conditions. 
The ship must:
    (i) Be equipped with a satellite ship earth station providing both 
voice and telex, which has been certificated for GMDSS use;
    (ii) Be equipped with a VHF and MF radiotelephone installation which 
complies fully with subpart R of this part and has the additional 
capability of operating on the HF frequencies listed in Sec. 80.369(b) 
for distress and safety communications (this capability may be added to 
the MF radiotelephone installation);
    (iii) Be equipped with a narrow-band direct-printing radiotelegraph 
system with SITOR meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.219;
    (iv) Be equipped with at least two VHF transceivers capable of being 
powered by the reserve power supply (one of the VHF transceivers may be 
the VHF required by paragraph (c)(3)(ii) of this section);
    (v) Be equipped with a Category 1, 406 MHz EPIRB meeting the 
requirements of Sec. 80.1061;
    (vi) Be equipped with a NAVTEX receiver meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1101(c)(1);
    (vii) Be equipped with three two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus 
and two radar transponders in accordance with Sec. 80.1095;
    (viii) In addition to the main power source, be equipped with an 
emergency power source which complies with all applicable rules and 
regulations of the U.S. Coast Guard (the satellite earth station, the 
narrow-band direct-printing equipment and the 500 kHz autoalarm receiver 
must be capable of being powered by the main and emergency power 
sources);
    (ix) Be equipped with a 500 kHz autoalarm receiver and a means of 
recording or decoding any distress signal received for relay to the 
Coast Guard or a public coast station;
    (x) Participate in the AMVER system when on voyages of more than 
twenty-four hours and have the capability of operating on at least four 
of the AMVER HF duplex channels;
    (xi) Carry at least one licensed operator to operate and maintain 
all the ship's distress and safety radio communications equipment in 
accordance with Secs. 80.159(c) and 80.169; and,
    (xii) Maintain a continuous watch on 2182 kHz and 156.8 MHz, in 
accordance with Sec. 80.305(b), when navigated.
    (d) Subject to a determination by the United States Coast Guard 
pursuant to Public Law No. 104-104, 110 Stat. 56 (1996) at Section 206, 
each U.S. passenger vessel and each U.S. cargo vessel of 1,600 gross 
tons and upward is exempt from the radiotelegraph provisions of part II 
of title III of the Communications Act, provided that the vessel 
complies fully with the requirements for the Global Maritime Distress & 
Safety System (GMDSS) contained in subpart W of this part and obtains 
either a Safety Certificate or endorsement as described in Sec. 80.1067.

    Note to paragraph (d):
    In a letter to the Commission, dated March 13, 1996, the United 
States Coast Guard noted that it may rely on the Safety Certificate or 
endorsement described in Sec. 80.1067 as prima facie evidence that the 
GMDSS has been installed and found to be operating properly. The Coast 
Guard also stated that it retains the authority for ensuring overall 
vessel safety and compliance with all applicable domestic and 
international laws, regulations and treaties.


[[Page 145]]


    (e) These exemptions may be terminated at any time without hearing 
if, in the Commission's discretion, the need for such action arises.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 19301, Apr. 26, 1991; 
60 FR 58244, Nov. 27, 1995; 61 FR 19559, May 2, 1996, 63 FR 36607, July 
7, 1998]



Subpart R--Compulsory Radiotelephone Installations for Vessels 300 Gross 
                                  Tons



Sec. 80.851  Applicability.

    (a) The radiotelephone requirements of Part II of Title III of the 
Communications Act apply to cargo ships of 300 gross tons and upward but 
less than 1600 gross tons. The radiotelephone requirements of the Safety 
Convention apply to passenger ships irrespective of size and cargo ships 
of 300 gross tons and upward on international voyages. These ships are 
required to carry a radiotelephone installation complying with this 
subpart.
    (b) Until February 1, 1999, the inspection of all cargo vessels 
equipped with a radiotelephone installation operated on domestic or 
international voyages must be conducted by an FCC-licensed technician in 
accordance with Sec. 80.59 once every 12 months. If the ship passes the 
inspection the technician will issue a Safety Certificate. Cargo Ship 
Safety Radio Certificates may be obtained from the Commission's National 
Call Center--(888) 225-5322--or from its forms contractor.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 29660, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.853  Radiotelephone station.

    (a) The radiotelephone station is a radiotelephone installation and 
other equipment necessary for the proper operation of the installation.
    (b) The radiotelephone station must be installed to insure safe and 
effective operation of the equipment and to facilitate repair. Adequate 
protection must be provided against the effects of vibration, moisture, 
and temperature.
    (c) The radiotelephone station and all necessary controls must be 
located at the level of the main wheelhouse or at least one deck above 
the ship's main deck.
    (d) The principal operating position of the radiotelephone station 
must be in the room from which the ship is normally steered while at 
sea. In installations on cargo ships of 300 gross tons and upwards but 
less than 500 gross tons on which the keel was laid prior to January 1, 
1965, the location of the principal operating controls may be in a room 
adjoining and opening into the room from which the vessel is normally 
steered while at sea. If the station can be operated from any location 
other than the principal operating position, a positive means must be 
provided at the principal operating position to take full control of the 
station.
    (e) The use of a independent communication system between the 
principal operating position and all other operating locations is 
acceptable as a method for taking control at the principal operating 
position. For stations first placed in service on or after June 1, 1956 
the use of this method for taking control at the principal operating 
position is acceptable only for operating locations in the chartroom or 
master's quarters.



Sec. 80.854  Radiotelephone installation.

    The radiotelephone installation includes:
    (a) A radiotelephone transmitter;
    (b) A receiver as specified in Sec. 80.858(a);
    (c) A radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver specified in 
Sec. 80.269;
    (d) A main source of energy;
    (e) A reserve source of energy, when required by Sec. 80.860(a);
    (f) An antenna system.



Sec. 80.855  Radiotelephone transmitter.

    (a) The transmitter must be capable of transmission of H3E and J3E 
emission on 2182 kHz, and J3E emission on 2638 kHz and at least two 
other frequencies within the band 1605 to 3500 kHz available for ship-
to-shore or ship-to-ship communication.
    (b) The duty cycle of the transmitter must permit transmission of 
the international radiotelephone alarm signal.
    (c) The transmitter must be capable of transmitting clearly 
perceptible signals from ship to ship during daytime

[[Page 146]]

under normal conditions over a range of 150 nautical miles.
    (d) The transmitter complies with the range requirement specified in 
paragraph (c) of this section if:
    (1) The transmitter is capable of being matched to actual ship 
station transmitting antenna meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.863; 
and
    (2) The output power is not less than 60 watts peak envelope power 
for H3E and J3E emission on the frequency 2182 kHz and for J3E emission 
on the frequency 2638 kHz into either an artificial antenna consisting 
of a series network of 10 ohms resistance and 200 picofarads 
capacitance, or an artificial antenna of 50 ohms nominal impedance. An 
individual demonstration of the power output capability of the 
transmitter, with the radiotelephone installation normally installed on 
board ship, may be required.
    (e) The transmitter must provide visual indication whenever the 
transmitter is supplying power to the antenna.
    (f) The transmitter must be protected from excessive currents and 
voltages.
    (g) A durable nameplate must be mounted on the transmitter or made 
an integral part of it showing clearly the name of the transmitter 
manufacturer and the type or model of the transmitter.
    (h) An artificial antenna must be provided to permit weekly checks 
of the automatic device for generating the radiotelephone alarm signal 
on frequencies other than the radiotelephone distress frequency.



Sec. 80.856  Automatic radiotelephone alarm signal generator.

    The transmitter must be equipped with an international 
radiotelephone alarm signal generator certificated by the Commission. 
See Sec. 80.221.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.857  Installation of automatic radiotelephone alarm signal generator.

    The controls of the automatic radiotelephone alarm signal generator 
required by Sec. 80.856 must be located at the principal radiotelephone 
operating position only. The controls must permit instant use of this 
device to modulate the required transmitter and permit the device to be 
taken out of operation at any time so that the transmitter may be 
immediately voice modulated for transmission of a distress call and 
message.



Sec. 80.858  Radiotelephone receiver.

    (a) The receiver required by Sec. 80.854(a) of this part must be 
capable of reception of H3E and J3E emissions on the radiotelephone 
distress frequency. The receiver must be capable of reception of J3E 
emissions on 2638 kHz and the receiving frequencies associated with the 
transmitting frequencies authorized pursuant to Sec. 80.855(a).
    (b) In addition to the receiver required by paragraph (a) of this 
section, a radiotelephone distress frequency watch receiver meeting the 
technical standards of Sec. 80.269 must be provided.
    (c) One or more loudspeakers capable of being used to maintain the 
distress frequency (2182 kHz) watch at the principal operating position 
and at any other place where the listening watch is performed must be 
provided.
    (d) The receiver required by paragraph (a) of the section must:
    (1) Have a sensitivity of 50 microvolts;
    (2) Be capable of operation when energized by the main source of 
energy, and by the reserve source of energy if a reserve source is 
required by Sec. 80.860(a);
    (3) Be protected from excessive currents and voltages;
    (4) Be provided with a nameplate showing the name of the receiver 
manufacturer and the type or model.
    (e) The sensitivity of a receiver is the strength in microvolts of a 
signal, modulated 30 percent at 400 cycles per second, required at the 
receiver input to produce an audio output of 50 milliwatts to the 
loudspeaker with a signal-to-noise ratio of at least 6 decibels. 
Evidence of a manufacturer's rating or a demonstration of the 
sensitivity of a required receiver computed on this basis must be 
furnished upon request of a Commission representative.

[[Page 147]]



Sec. 80.859  Main power supply.

    (a) The main power supply must simultaneously energize the 
radiotelephone transmitter at its required antenna power and the 
required receivers. Under this load condition the voltage of the main 
power supply at the radiotelephone input terminals must not deviate from 
its rated potential by more than 10 percent on ships completed on or 
after July 1, 1941, nor by more than 15 percent on ships completed 
before that date.
    (b) Means must be provided for charging any batteries used as a main 
power supply. A continuous indication of the rate and polarity of the 
charging current must be provided during charging of the batteries.



Sec. 80.860  Reserve power supply.

    (a) When the main power supply is not on the same deck as the main 
wheelhouse or at least one deck above the vessel's main deck, a reserve 
power supply must be provided and must be so situated. The location of 
the reserve power supply must be located as near to the required 
transmitter and receivers as practicable and meet all applicable rules 
and regulations of the United States Coast Guard.
    (b) The reserve power supply must be independent of the propelling 
power of the ship and of any other electrical system, and must 
simultaneously energize the radiotelephone transmitter at its required 
antenna power, the required receivers, the emergency light and the 
automatic radiotelephone alarm signal generator. The reserve power 
supply must be available at all times.
    (c) The reserve power supply may be used to energize the bridge-to-
bridge radiotelephone and the VHF radiotelephone installation required 
by Sec. 80.871.
    (d) All circuits connected to the reserve power supply must be 
protected from overloads.
    (e) Means must be provided for charging any batteries used as a 
reserve power supply. A continuous indication of the rate and polarity 
of the charging current during charging of the batteries must be 
provided.
    (f) The cooling system of each internal combustion engine used as a 
part of the reserve power supply must be adequately treated to prevent 
freezing or overheating consistent with the season and route to be 
traveled by the particular vessel involved.
    (g) The reserve power supply must be available within 1 minute.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.861  Required capacity.

    If the main power supply or the reserve power supply provided for 
the purpose of complying with Secs. 80.859 and 80.860 consists of 
batteries, the batteries must have sufficient reserve capacity available 
at all times while the vessel is leaving or attempting to leave a harbor 
or port for a voyage in the open sea, and while being navigated in the 
open sea outside of a harbor or port, to permit operation of the 
radiotelephone transmitter and the required receivers for at least 6 
hours continuously under normal working conditions.



Sec. 80.862  Proof of capacity.

    (a) When directed by the Commission or its authorized 
representative, the station licensee must prove that the requirements of 
Sec. 80.861 are met.
    (b) Proof of the ability of a battery used as a main or reserve 
source to operate continuously for 6 hours can be established by a 
discharge test over a prescribed period of time, when supplying power at 
the voltage required for normal and operation to an electrical load as 
prescribed by paragraph (d) of this section.
    (c) When the reserve power supply is an engine-driven generator, 
proof of the adequacy of the engine fuel supply to operate the unit 
contiuously for 6 hours can be established by measuring the fuel 
consumption for 1 hour when supplying power, at the voltage required for 
normal operation, to an electrical load as prescribed by paragraph (d) 
of this section.
    (d) In determining the electrical load to be supplied, the following 
formula must be used:
    (1) One-half of the current of the required transmitter at its rated 
power output.

[[Page 148]]

    (2) One fourth of the current of the automatic radiotelephone alarm 
signal generator; plus
    (3) Current of receiver; plus
    (4) Current of emergency light(s); plus
    (5) Current of the bridge-to-bridge transceiver when connected.
    (e) At the conclusion of the test specified in paragraphs (b) and 
(c) of this section, no part of the main or reserve power supply must 
have an excessive temperature rise, nor must the specific gravity or 
voltage of any battery be below 90 percent discharge point of the fully 
charged value.



Sec. 80.863  Antenna system.

    (a) An antenna system must be installed which is as nondirectional 
and as efficient as is practicable for the transmission and reception of 
radio ground waves over seawater. The installation and construction of 
the required antenna must insure operation in time of emergency.
    (b) If the required antenna is suspended between masts or other 
supports liable to whipping, a safety link which, under heavy stress, 
will operate to greatly reduce such stress without breakage of the 
antenna, the halyards, or other antenna-supporting elements, must be 
installed.
    (c) When an electrical ground connection is used as an element of 
the antenna system, the connection must be efficient.



Sec. 80.864  Emergency electric lights.

    (a) Emergency electric light(s) must be installed to illuminate the 
operating controls of the radiotelephone installation at the principal 
operating position, the card of instructions, and the radiotelephone 
station clock if the latter is not self-illuminated.
    (b) The emergency electric light(s) must be energized from the 
reserve power supply, if a reserve power supply is required. In cases 
where a reserve power supply is not required, the emergency lights must 
be energized independently of the system which supplies the normal 
lighting.



Sec. 80.865  Radiotelephone station clock.

    A clock having a face of at least 12.7 cm (5 in.) in diameter must 
be mounted in a position that can be observed from the principal 
operating position.

[58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.866  Spare antenna.

    A spare transmitting antenna completely assembled for immediate 
erection must be provided. If the installed transmitting antenna is 
suspended between supports, this spare antenna must be a single-wire 
transmitting antenna of the same length and must also include suitable 
insulators.



Sec. 80.867  Ship station tools, instruction books, circuit diagrams and testing equipment.

    (a) Each ship station must be provided with such tools, testing 
equipment, instruction books and circuit diagrams to enable the 
radiotelephone installation to be maintained in efficient working 
condition while at sea. Each ship station licensee must compile a list 
of spare parts, tools, test equipment and circuit diagrams it considers 
necessary for compliance with this requirement. This list must be 
available at inspection. The Commission may consider equipment 
manufacturer lists of recommended spare parts, tools, test equipment, 
and repair circuit diagrams in determining compliance with this 
subsection. These items must be located convenient to the radio room.
    (b) The testing equipment must include an instrument or instruments 
for measuring A.C. volts, D.C. volts and ohms.



Sec. 80.868  Card of instructions.

    A card of instructions giving a clear summary of the radiotelephone 
distress procedure must be securely mounted and displayed in full view 
of the principal operating position.



Sec. 80.869  Test of radiotelephone station.

    Unless the normal use of the required radiotelephone station 
demonstrates that the equipment is operating, a test communication on a 
required or working frequency must be made each day the ship is 
navigated. When this test is performed by a person other than the master 
and the equipment is found to be defective the master must be promptly 
notified.

[[Page 149]]



Sec. 80.870  Survival craft radio equipment.

    (a) A Class S survival craft emergency position indicating 
radiobeacon, (EPIRB) required to be carried to comply with title 46 of 
the Code of Federal Regulations must meet the provisions of Sec. 80.833.
    (b) A survival craft two-way radiotelephone apparatus must meet the 
provisions of Sec. 80.834.



Sec. 80.871  VHF radiotelephone station.

    (a) All passenger ships irrespective of size and all cargo ships of 
300 gross tons and upwards subject to part II of title III of the 
Communications Act or to the Safety Convention are required to carry a 
VHF radiotelephone station complying with this subpart. Ships subject 
only to the Communications Act may use a VHF radiotelephone installation 
meeting the technical standards of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act to satisfy 
the watch requirements of Sec. 80.305(a)(3) if the equipment can 
transmit and receive on 156.800 MHz.
    (b) The VHF radiotelephone station must be installed to insure safe 
and effective operation of the equipment and facilitate repair. It must 
be protected against vibration, moisture and temperature.
    (c) The principal operating position of the radiotelephone station 
must be in the room from which the ship is normally steered while at 
sea.
    (d) The radiotelephone stations on ships subject to Part II of Title 
III of the Communications Act must be capable of operating on the 
frequency 156.800 MHz and in other respects meet the requirements of 
Sec. 80.143. The radiotelephone stations on ships subject to the Safety 
Convention must be capable of operating in the simplex mode on the ship 
station transmitting frequencies specified in the frequency band 156.025 
MHz to 157.425 MHz and in the semiduplex mode on the two frequency 
channels specified in the following table:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Transmitting frequencies
                                                          (MHz)
              Channel designators              -------------------------
                                                    Ship        Coast
                                                  station      station
------------------------------------------------------------------------
60............................................      156.025      160.625
01............................................      156.050      160.650
61............................................      156.075      160.675
02............................................      156.100      160.700
62............................................      156.125      160.725
03............................................      156.150      160.750
63............................................      156.175      160.775
04............................................      156.200      160.800
64............................................      156.225      160.825
05............................................      156.250      160.850
65............................................      156.275      160.875
06............................................      156.300  ...........
66............................................      156.325      160.925
07............................................      156.350      160.950
67............................................      156.375      156.375
08............................................      156.400  ...........
68............................................      156.425      156.425
09............................................      156.450      156.450
69............................................      156.475      156.475
10............................................      156.500      156.500
11............................................      156.550      156.550
71............................................      156.575      156.575
12............................................      156.600      156.600
72............................................      156.625  ...........
13............................................      156.650      156.650
73............................................      156.675      156.675
14............................................      156.700      156.700
74............................................      156.725      156.725
15............................................      156.750      156.750
75............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
16............................................      156.800      156.800
76............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
17............................................      156.850      156.850
77............................................      156.875  ...........
18............................................      156.900      161.500
78............................................      156.925      161.525
19............................................      156.950      161.550
79............................................      156.975      161.575
20............................................      157.000      161.600
80............................................      157.025      161.625
21............................................      157.050      161.650
81............................................      157.075      161.675
22............................................      157.100      161.700
82............................................      157.125      161.725
23............................................      157.150      161.750
83............................................      157.175      161.775
24............................................      157.200      161.800
84............................................      157.225      161.825
25............................................      157.250      161.850
85............................................      157.275      161.875
26............................................      157.300      161.900
86............................................      157.325      161.925
27............................................      157.350      161.950
87............................................      157.375      161.975
28............................................      157.400      162.000
88............................................      157.425      162.025
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Guard band.


[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987, as amended at 
54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989]



Sec. 80.872  The VHF radiotelephone installation.

    The VHF radiotelephone installation includes:
    (a) A VHF radiotelephone transmitter,
    (b) A VHF radiotelephone receiver,

[[Page 150]]

    (c) A power supply,
    (d) An antenna system.



Sec. 80.873  VHF radiotelephone transmitter.

    (a) The transmitter must be capable of transmission of G3E emission 
on 156.300 MHz and 156.800 MHz, and on frequencies which have been 
specified for use in a system established to promote safety of 
navigation. Vessels in waters of other Administrations are required to 
communicate on any channel designated by that Administration for 
navigational safety in the bands specified in Sec. 80.871(d).
    (b) The transmitter must be adjusted so that the transmission of 
speech normally produces peak modulation within the limits of 75 percent 
and 100 percent.
    (c) The transmitter must deliver a carrier power between 8 and 25 
watts into a 50 ohm effective resistance. Provision must be made for 
reducing the carrier power to a value between 0.1 and 1.0 watts.
    (d) The transmitter complies with the power output requirements 
specified in paragraph (c) of this section when:
    (1) The transmitter is capable of being adjusted for efficient use 
with an actual ship station transmitting antenna meeting the 
requirements of Sec. 80.876; and
    (2) The transmitter has been demonstrated capable, with normal 
operating voltages applied, of delivering not less than 8 watts of 
carrier power into 50 ohms effective resistance over the frequency band 
specified in Sec. 80.871(d). An individual demonstration of the power 
output capability of the transmitter, with the radiotelephone 
installation normally installed on board ship, may be required; and
    (3) It is certificated as required by subpart F of this part.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.874  VHF radiotelephone receiver.

    (a) The receiver used for providing the watch for navaigational 
safety required by Sec. 80.313 must be certificated by the Commission 
and capable of effective reception of G3E emission on the frequencies 
required by Sec. 80.871(d) when connected to the antenna specified in 
Sec. 80.876.
    (b) The receiver must have a usable sensitivity of 0.5 microvolts.
    (c) The receiver must deliver adequate audio output power to be 
heard in the ambient noise level likely to be expected on board ships 
with a loudspeaker and/or a telephone handset.
    (d) In the simplex mode when the transmitter is activated the 
receiver output must be muted.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.875  VHF radiotelephone power supply.

    (a) There must be readily available for use under normal load 
conditions a power supply sufficient to simultaneously energize the VHF 
transmitter at its required antenna power, and the VHF receiver. Under 
this load condition the voltage of the source of energy at the power 
input terminals of the VHF radiotelephone installation must not deviate 
from its rated value by more than 10 percent on ships completed on or 
after March 1, 1957, nor by more than 15 percent on ships completed 
before that date.
    (b) When the power supply for the VHF radiotelephone installation 
consists of batteries, they must be installed in the upper part of the 
ship, secured against shifting with motion of the ship, capable of 
operating the installation for 6 hours, and accessible with not less 
than 26 cm (10 in.) head room.
    (c) Means must be provided for charging any rechargeable batteries 
used in the ship's VHF radiotelephone installation. There must be 
provided a device which, during charging of the batteries, will give a 
continuous indication of the charging current.
    (d) The VHF radiotelephone installation may be connected to the 
reserve power supply of a compulsorily fitted radiotelephone or 
radiotelegraph installation.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]

[[Page 151]]



Sec. 80.876  VHF radiotelephone antenna system.

    A vertically polarized nondirectional antenna must be provided for 
VHF radiotelephone installations. The construction and installation of 
this antenna must insure proper operation in an emergency.



Sec. 80.877  Controls and indicators required for VHF radiotelephone installation.

    The controls and indicators used on equipment of the VHF 
radiotelephone installation must meet the following standards:
    (a) The size of controls must easily permit normal adjustment. The 
function and the setting of the controls must be clearly indicated.d
    (b) Controls must be illuminated to permit satisfactory operation of 
the equipment.
    (c) Means must be provided to reduce to extinction any light output 
from the equipment which could affect safety of navigation.
    (d) An on/off switch must be provided for the entire installation 
with a visual indication that the installation is switched on.
    (e) The equipment must indicate the channel number, as given in the 
Radio Regulations, to which it is tuned. It must allow the determination 
of the channel number under all conditions of external lighting. Channel 
16 must be distinctively marked.
    (f) The receiver must have a manual volume control and a squelch 
control.
    (g) If the external controls are on a separate control unit and more 
than one such control unit is provided, the one on the bridge must have 
priority over the others. When there is more than one control unit, 
indication must be given to the other(s) that the transmitter is in 
operation.



Sec. 80.879  Radar installation requirements and specifications.

    Ships of 500 gross tons and upwards that are constructed on or after 
September 1, 1984, must comply with the radar installation requirements 
and specifications contained in Sec. 80.825 of this part.

[52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987]



 Subpart S--Compulsory Radiotelephone Installations for Small Passenger 
                                  Boats



Sec. 80.901  Applicability.

    The provisions of Part III of Title III of the Communication Act 
require United States vessels which transport more than six passengers 
for hire while such vessels are being navigated on any tidewater within 
the jurisdiction of the United States adjacent or contiguous to the open 
sea, or in the open sea to carry a radiotelephone installation complying 
with this subpart. The provisions of Part III do not apply to vessels 
which are equipped with a radio installation for compliance with Part II 
of Title III of the Act, or for compliance with the Safety Convention, 
or to vessels navigating on the Great Lakes.



Sec. 80.903  Inspection of radiotelephone installation.

    Every vessel subject to Part III of Title III of the Communications 
Act must have a detailed inspection of the radio installation by an FCC-
licensed technician in accordance with Sec. 80.59 once every five years. 
The FCC-licensed technician must use the latest FCC Information 
Bulletin, How to Conduct an Inspection of a Small Passenger Vessel. If 
the ship passes the inspection, the technician will issue a 
Communications Act Safety Radiotelephony Certificate. Communications Act 
Radiotelephony Certificates may be obtained from the Commission's 
National Call Center--(888) 225-5322--or from its forms contractor.

[63 FR 29660, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.905  Vessel radio equipment.

    (a) Vessels subject to part III of title III of the Communications 
Act that operate in the waters described in Sec. 80.901 of this section 
must, at a minimum, be equipped as follows:
    (1) Vessels operated solely within the communications range of a VHF 
public coast station or U.S. Coast Guard station that maintains a watch 
on 156.800 MHz while the vessel is navigated must be equipped with a VHF 
radiotelephone installation. Vessels in this category must not operate 
more than 20 nautical miles from land.

[[Page 152]]

    (2) Vessels operated beyond the 20 nautical mile limitation 
specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, but not more than 100 
nautical miles from the nearest land, must be equipped with a medium 
frequency transmitter capable of transmitting J3E emission and a 
receiver capable of reception of J3E emission within the band 1710 to 
2850 kHz, in addition to the VHF radiotelephone installation required by 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section. The medium frequency transmitter and 
receiver must be capable of operation on 2670 kHz.
    (3) Vessels operated more than 100 nautical miles but not more than 
200 nautical miles from the nearest land must:
    (i) Be equipped with a VHF radiotelephone installation;
    (ii) Be equipped with an MF radiotelephone transmitter and receiver 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section; and
    (iii) Be equipped with either:
    (A) a single sideband radiotelephone capable of operating on all 
distress and safety frequencies in the medium frequency and high 
frequency bands listed in Secs. 80.369 (a) and (b), on all the ship-to-
shore calling frequencies in the high frequency bands listed in 
Sec. 80.369(d), and on at least four of the automated mutual-assistance 
vessel rescue (AMVER) system HF duplex channels (this requirement may be 
met by the addition of such frequencies to the radiotelephone 
installation required by paragraph (a)(2) of this section); or
    (B) if operated in an area within the coverage of an INMARSAT 
maritime mobile geostationary satellite in which continuous alerting is 
available, an INMARSAT ship earth station meeting the equipment 
authorization rules of parts 2 and 80 of this chapter;
    (iv) Be equipped with a reserve power supply meeting the 
requirements of Secs. 80.917(b), 80.919, and 80.921, and capable of 
powering the single sideband radiotelephone or the ship earth station 
(including associated peripheral equipment) required by paragraph 
(a)(3)(iii) of this section;
    (v) Be equipped with a NAVTEX receiver conforming to the following 
performance standards: IMO Resolution A.525(13) and CCIR Recommendation 
540;
    (vi) Be equipped with a Category I, 406 MHz satellite emergency 
position-indicating radiobeacon (EPIRB) meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1061; and,
    (vii) Participate in the AMVER system while engaged on any voyage 
where the vessel is navigated in the open sea for more than 24 hours. 
Copies of the AMVER Bulletin are available at: AMVER Maritime Relations 
(G-NRS-3/AMR), U.S. Coast Guard, Building 110, Box 26, Governor's 
Island, N.Y. 10004-5034, telephone number (212) 668-7764.
    (4) Vessels operated more than 200 nautical miles from the nearest 
land must:
    (i) Be equipped with two VHF radiotelephone installations;
    (ii) Be equipped with an MF radiotelephone transmitter and receiver 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section;
    (iii) Be equipped with either:
    (A) an independent single sideband radiotelephone capable of 
operating on all distress and safety frequencies in the medium frequency 
and high frequency bands listed in Secs. 80.369(a) and (b), on all of 
the ship-to-shore calling frequencies in the high frequency bands listed 
in Sec. 80.369(d), and on at least four of the automated mutual-
assistance vessel rescue (AMVER) system HF duplex channels; or
    (B) If operated in an area within the coverage of an INMARSAT 
maritime mobile geostationary satellite in which continuous alerting is 
available, an INMARSAT ship earth station meeting the equipment 
authorization rules of parts 2 and 80 of this chapter;
    (iv) Be equipped with a reserve power supply meeting the 
requirements of Secs. 80.917(b), 80.919, and 80.921, and capable of 
powering the single sideband radiotelephone or the ship earth station 
(including associated peripheral equipment) required by paragraph 
(a)(4)(iii) of this section;
    (v) Be equipped with a NAVTEX receiver conforming to the following 
performance standards: IMO Resolution A.525(13) and CCIR Recommendation 
540;
    (vi) Be equipped with a Category I, 406 MHz satellite emergency 
position-indicating radiobeacon (EPIRB) meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1061;

[[Page 153]]

    (vii) Be equipped with a radiotelephone distress frequency watch 
receiver meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.269;
    (viii) Be equipped with an automatic radiotelephone alarm signal 
generator meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.221; and
    (ix) Participate in the AMVER system while engaged on any voyage 
where the vessel is navigated in the open sea for more than 24 hours. 
Copies of the AMVER Bulletin are available at: AMVER Maritime Relations 
(G-NRS-3/AMR), U.S. Coast Guard, Building 110, Box 26, Governor's 
Island, N.Y. 10004-5034, telephone number (212) 668-7764.
    (b) For a vessel that is navigated within the communication range of 
a VHF public coast station or U.S. Coast Guard station, but beyond the 
20-nautical mile limitation specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this 
section, an exemption from the band 1605 to 2850 kHz installation 
requirements may be granted if the vessel is equipped with a VHF 
transmitter and receiver. An application for exemption must include a 
chart showing the route of the voyage or the area of operation of the 
vessel, and the receiving service area of the VHF public coast or U.S. 
Coast Guard station. The coverage area of the U.S. Coast Guard station 
must be based on written information from the District Commander, U.S. 
Coast Guard, a copy of which must be furnished with the application. The 
coverage area of a public coast station must be computed by the method 
specified in subpart P of this part.
    (c) The radiotelephone installation must be installed to insure safe 
operation of the equipment and to facilitate repair. It must be 
protected against the vibration, moisture, temperature, and excessive 
currents and voltages.
    (d) A VHF radiotelephone installation or a remote unit must be 
located at each steering station except those auxiliary steering 
stations which are used only during brief periods for docking or for 
close-in maneuvering. A single portable radiotelephone set meets the 
requirements of this paragraph if adequate permanent mounting 
arrangements with suitable power provision and antenna feed are 
installed at each operator steering station. Additionally, for vessels 
of more than 100 gross tons, the radiotelephone installation must be 
located at the level of the main wheelhouse or at least one deck above 
the vessel's main deck.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 19301, Apr. 26, 1991; 
57 FR 34262, Aug. 4, 1992]



Sec. 80.907  Principal operating position.

    The principal operating position of the radiotelephone installation 
on vessels over 100 gross tons must be in the room from which the vessel 
is normally steered while at sea. If the station can be operated from 
any location other than the principal operating position, a positive 
means must be provided at the principal operating position to take full 
control of the station.



Sec. 80.909  Radiotelephone transmitter.

    (a) The medium frequency transmitter must have a peak envelope 
output power of at least 60 watts for J3E emission on 2182 kHz and at 
least one ship-to-shore working frequency within the band 1605 to 2850 
kHz enabling communication with a public coast station if the region in 
which the vessel is navigated is served by a public coast station 
operating in this band.
    (b) The single sideband radiotelephone must be capable of operating 
on maritime frequencies in the band 1710 to 27500 kHz with a peak 
envelope output power of at least 120 watts for J3E emission and H3E 
emission on 2182 kHz and J3E emission on the distress and safety 
frequencies listed in Sec. 80.369(b). Single sideband radios installed 
on or before February 2, 1992, may be used until February 2, 1997, 
provided such radios are capable of operating on the frequencies listed 
in Secs. 80.369 (a) and (b), and at least half of the frequencies listed 
in Sec. 80.369(d).
    (c) The transmitter complies with the power output requirements 
specified in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section when:
    (1) The transmitter can be adjusted for efficient use with an actual 
ship station transmitting antenna meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 80.923 of this part; and

[[Page 154]]

    (2) The transmitter, with normal operating voltages applied, has 
been demonstrated to deliver its required output power on the 
frequencies specified in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section into 
either an artificial antenna consisting of a series network of 10 ohms 
effective resistance and 200 picofarads capacitance or an artificial 
antenna of 50 ohms nominal impedance. An individual demonstration of 
power output capability of the transmitter, with the radiotelephone 
installation normally installed on board ship, may be required.
    (d) The single sideband radiotelephone must be capable of 
transmitting clearly perceptible signals from ship to shore. The 
transmitter complies with this requirement if it is capable of enabling 
communication with a public coast station on working frequencies in the 
4000 to 27500 kHz band specified in Sec. 80.371(b) of this part under 
normal daytime operating conditions.

[56 FR 19302, Apr. 26, 1991, as amended at 57 FR 34262, Aug. 4, 1992]



Sec. 80.911  VHF transmitter.

    (a) The transmitter must be capable of transmission of G3E emission 
on 156.800 MHz, 156.300 MHz, and on the ship-to-shore working 
frequencies necessary to communicate with public coast stations serving 
the area in which the vessel is navigated.
    (b) The transmitter must be adjusted so that the transmission of 
speech normally produces peak modulation within the limits 75 percent 
and 100 percent.
    (c) The transmitter must be certificated to transmit between 20 
watts and 25 watts, on each of the frequencies 156.300 MHz, 156.800 MHz 
and on ship-to-shore public correspondence channels, into 50 ohms 
effective resistance when operated with a primary supply voltage of 13.6 
volts DC.
    (d) When an individual demonstration of the capability of the 
transmitter is necessary the output power requirements prescribed in 
this paragraph must be met as follows:
    (1) Measurements of primary supply voltage and transmitter output 
power must be made with the equipment drawing energy only from ship's 
battery;
    (2) The primary supply voltage, measured at the power input 
terminals to the transmitter, and the output power of the transmitter, 
terminated in a matching artificial load, must be measured at the end of 
10 minutes of continuous operation of the transmitter at its full power 
output.
    (3) The primary supply voltage must not be less than 11.5 volts.
    (4) The transmitter output power must be not less than 15 watts.
    (5) For primary supply voltages, measured in accordance with the 
procedures of this paragraph, greater than 11.5 volts, but less than 
12.6 volts, the required transmitter output power shall be equal to or 
greater than the value calculated from the formula


P=4.375(V)-35.313


where V equals the measured primary voltage and P is the calculated 
output power in watts.''

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 54 FR 40059, Sept. 29, 1989; 
63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.913  Radiotelephone receivers.

    (a) If a medium frequency radiotelephone installation is provided, 
the watch receiver must be capable of effective reception of J3E 
emissions, be connected to the antenna system specified by Sec. 80.923, 
and be preset to, and capable of accurate and convenient selection of, 
the frequencies 2182 kHz, 2638 kHz, and the receiving frequency(s) of 
public coast stations serving the area in which the vessel is navigated.
    (b) If a single sideband radiotelephone installation is provided, 
the receiver must be capable of reception of H3E and J3E emissions on 
2182 kHz and J3E emission on any receiving frequency authorized pursuant 
to Sec. 80.909 of this part.
    (c) If a very high frequency radiotelephone installation is 
provided, the receiver used for maintaining the watch required by 
Sec. 80.303 must be capable of effective reception of G3E emission, be 
connected to the antenna system specified by Sec. 80.923 and be preset 
to, and capable of selection of, the frequencies 156.300 MHz, 156.800 
MHz, and the receiving frequency(s) of public coast stations serving the 
area in which the vessel is navigated.

[[Page 155]]

    (d) One or more loudspeakers must be provided to permit reception on 
2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz at the principal operating position and at any 
other place where listening is performed.
    (e) Any receiver provided as a part of the radiotelephone 
installation must have a sensitivity of at least 50 microvolts in the 
case of MF equipment, and 1 microvolt in the case of HF or VHF 
equipment.
    (f) The receiver required in paragraphs (a), (b) or (c) of this 
section must be capable of efficient operation when energized by the 
main source of energy. When a reserve source of energy is required 
pursuant to Sec. 80.905 or Sec. 80.917 of this part, the receiver must 
also be capable of efficient operation when energized by the reserve 
source of energy.
    (g) The sensitivity of a receiver is the strength in microvolts of a 
signal, modulated 30 percent at 400 Hertz, required at the receiver 
input to produce an audio output of 50 milliwatts to the loudspeaker 
with a signal-to-noise ratio of at least 6 decibels. Evidence of a 
manufacturer's rating or a demonstration of the sensitivity of a 
required receiver computed on this basis must be furnished upon request 
of the Commission.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 19302, Apr. 26, 1991]



Sec. 80.915  Main power supply.

    (a) There must be readily available for use under normal load 
conditions a main power supply sufficient to simultaneously energize the 
radiotelephone transmitter at its required antenna power, and the 
required receiver. Under this load condition the potential of the main 
power supply at the power input terminals of the radiotelephone 
installation must not deviate from its rated potential by more than 10 
percent on vessels completed on or after March 1, 1957, nor by more than 
15 percent on vessels completed before that date.
    (b) When the main power supply consists of batteries, they must be 
installed as high above the bilge as practicable, secured against 
shifting with motion of the vessel, and accessible with not less than 26 
cm (10 in.) head room.
    (c) Means must be provided for adequately charging any batteries 
used as a main power supply. There must be a device which gives a 
continuous indication of the rate and polarity of the charging current 
during charging.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44953, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.917  Reserve power supply.

    (a) A vessel of more than 100 gross tons the keel of which was laid 
after March 1, 1957, must have a reserve power supply located on the 
same deck as the main wheel house or at least one deck above the 
vessel's main deck, unless the main power supply is so situated.
    (b) The reserve power supply must be independent of the ship's 
propulsion and of any other electrical system, and be sufficient to 
simulataneously energize the radiotelephone transmitter at its required 
output power, and the receiver. The reserve power supply must be 
available for use at all times.
    (c) When the reserve power supply consists of batteries, they must 
be installed as high above the bilge as practicable, secured against 
shifting with motion of the vessel, and accessible with not less than 26 
cm (10 in.) head room.
    (d) The reserve power supply must be located as near the required 
transmitter and receiver as practicable.
    (e) All reserve power supply circuits must be protected from 
overloads.
    (f) Means must be provided for charging any storage batteries used 
as a reserve power supply for the required radiotelephone installation. 
There must be a device which will give continuous indication of the rate 
and polarity of the charging current during charging.
    (g) The cooling system of each internal combustion engine used as a 
part of the reserve power supply must be adequately treated to prevent 
freezing or overheating consistent with the season and route to be 
travelled by the particular vessel involved.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993]

[[Page 156]]



Sec. 80.919  Required capacity.

    If either the main or reserve power supply includes batteries, these 
batteries must have sufficient reserve capacity to permit proper 
operation of the required transmitter and receiver for at least 3 hours 
under normal working conditions.



Sec. 80.921  Proof of capacity.

    (a) When directed by a representative of the Commission the vessel 
must prove by demonstration as prescribed in paragraphs (b), (c), (d) 
and (e) of this section, that the requirements of Sec. 80.919 are met.
    (b) Proof of the ability of a storage battery used as a main or 
reserve power supply to operate over the 3-hour period established by a 
discharge test over the prescribed period of time, when supplying power 
at the voltage required for an electrical loss as prescribed by 
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (c) When the required power supply consists of an engine-driven 
generator, proof of the adequacy of the engine fuel supply to operate 
the unit over the 3-hour period of time may be established by using as a 
basis the fuel consumption during a 1 hour period when supplying power, 
at the voltage required for operating an electrical load as prescribed 
by paragraph (d) of this section.
    (d) In determining the required electrical load the following 
formula must be used:
    (1) One-half of the current of the required transmitter at its rated 
output power; plus
    (2) Current of the required receiver; plus
    (3) Current of electric light, if required by Sec. 80.925; plus
    (4) The sum of the current of all other loads the reserve power 
supply may provide in time of emergency.
    (e) At the conclusion of the test specified in paragraphs (b) and 
(c) of this section, no part of the main or reserve power supply must 
have an excessive temperature rise, nor must the specific gravity or 
voltage of any storage battery be below the 90 percent discharge point.



Sec. 80.923  Antenna system.

    An antenna must be provided in accordance with the applicable 
requirements of Sec. 80.81 of this part which is as efficient as 
practicable for the transmission and reception of radio waves. The 
construction and installation of this antenna must insure proper 
emergency operation.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 19302, Apr. 26, 1991]



Sec. 80.925  Electric light.

    (a) If the vessel is navigated at night an electric light or dial 
lights which clearly illuminate the operating controls must be installed 
to provide illumination of the operating controls at the principal 
operating position.
    (b) The electric light must be energized from the main power supply 
and, if a reserve power supply for the radiotelephone installation is 
required, from the reserve power supply.



Sec. 80.927  Antenna radio frequency indicator.

    The transmitter must be equipped with a device which provides visual 
indication whenever the transmitter is supplying power to the antenna.



Sec. 80.929  Nameplate.

    A durable nameplate must be mounted on the required radiotelephone 
equipment. When the transmitter and receiver comprise a single unit, one 
nameplate is sufficient. The nameplate must show the name of the 
manufacturer and the type or model number.



Sec. 80.931  Test of radiotelephone installation.

    Unless normal use of the radiotelephone installation demonstrates 
that the equipment is in proper operating condition, a test 
communication on a required frequency in the 1605 to 27500 kHz band or 
the 156 to 162 MHz band must be made by a qualified operator each day 
the vessel is navigated. If the equipment is not in proper operating 
condition, the master must be promptly notified.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 19302, Apr. 26, 1991]



Sec. 80.933  General small passenger vessel exemptions.

    (a) Subject U.S. vessels less than 50 gross tons which are navigated 
not

[[Page 157]]

more than 300 meters (1,000 feet) from the nearest land at mean low tide 
are exempt from the provisions of title III, part III of the 
Communications Act.
    (b) All U.S. passenger vessels of less than 100 gross tons, not 
subject to the radio provisions of the Safety Convention, are exempt 
from the radiotelegraph provisions of Part II of Title III of the 
Communications Act, provided that the vessels are equipped with a 
radiotelephone installation fully complying with subpart S of this part.
    (c) Prior to February 1, 1999, U.S. passenger vessels of less than 
100 gross tons are exempt from the radiotelepraph requirements of Part 
II of Title III of the Communications Act and the MF radiotelephone 
requirements of this subpart as well as Regulations 7 to 11 of Chapter 
IV of the Safety Convention if the following criteria are fully met:
    (1) The ship is equipped with a VHF radiotelephone installation 
meeting the requirements of this subpart;
    (2) While navigating more than three nautical miles from the nearest 
land, the ship is equipped with:
    (i) A Category 1, 406 MHz EPIRB meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1061;
    (ii) A NAVTEX receiver meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1101(c)(1); and
    (iii) Three two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus and two radar 
transponders meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.1095.
    (3) The ship remains within communications range of U.S. Coast Guard 
or public coast stations operating in the band 156-162 MHz;
    (4) The routes of the voyage are never more than 20 nautical miles 
from the nearest land or, alternatively, not more than 200 nautical 
miles between two consecutive ports, and are limited to the following 
domestic and international voyages:
    (i) In waters contiguous to Hawaii, the Bahama Islands and the 
islands in the Caribbean Sea, including the Greater Antilles, Lesser 
Antilles, and the coastal waters of Venezuela between the Mouth of the 
Orinoco River and the Gulf of Venezuela;
    (ii) In waters contiguous to the coast of Southern California from 
Point Conception south to Cape San Lucas, Mexico; the islands of San 
Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacopa, San Nicolas, Santa Barbara, 
Santa Catalina, and San Clemente are considered to be within these 
waters; and,
    (iii) In waters of the Pacific Northwest between Tacoma, Washington 
and the waters of British Columbia, Canada, as far north as Queen 
Charlotte Strait, never in the open sea.
    (d) Prior to February 1, 1999, U.S. passenger vessels of less than 
100 gross tons are exempt from the radiotelegraph requirements of Part 
II of Title III of the Communications Act, as well as Regulations 7 to 
11 of Chapter IV of the Safety Convention, if the following criteria are 
fully met:
    (1) The ship is equipped in accordance with paragraphs (c)(1) and 
(c)(2) of this section;
    (2) The ship is equipped with a MF radiotelephone installation 
meeting the requirements of this subpart;
    (3) The routes of the voyage are never more than 20 nautical miles 
from the nearest land or, alternatively, not more than 100 nautical 
miles between two consecutive ports, and are limited to international 
voyages between Florida and the Bahama Islands.
    (e) These exemptions may be terminated at any time without hearing, 
if in the Commission's discretion, the need for such action arises.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993; 
60 FR 58245, Nov. 27, 1995]



Sec. 80.935  Station clock.

    Each station subject to this subpart must have a working clock or 
timepiece readily available to the operator.



Subpart T--Radiotelephone Installation Required for Vessels on the Great 
                                  Lakes



Sec. 80.951  Applicability.

    The Agreement Between the United States of America and Canada for 
Promotion of Safety on the Great Lakes by Means of Radio, 1973, applies 
to vessels of all countries when navigated on the Great Lakes. The Great 
Lakes Radio Agreement defines the Great Lakes as ``all waters of Lakes 
Ontario, Erie, Huron (including Georgian Bay),

[[Page 158]]

Michigan, Superior, their connecting and tributary waters and the River 
St. Lawrence as far east as the lower exit of the St. Lambert Lock at 
Montreal in the Province of Quebec, Canada,'' but does not include such 
of the connecting and tributary waters as may be specified in the 
Technical Regulations. The Technical Regulations do not include any 
connecting and tributary waters except the St. Mary's River, the St. 
Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River and the Welland Canal. A 
vessel to which the Great Lakes Radio Agreement applies and which falls 
into the specific categories by paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of this 
section and not excepted by paragraph (d) or (e) of this section must 
comply with this subpart while navigated on the Great Lakes.
    (a) Every vessel 20 meters (65 feet) or over in length (measured 
from end to end over the deck, exclusive of sheer).
    (b) Every vessel engaged in towing another vessel or floating 
object, except:
    (1) Where the maximum length of the towing vessel, measured from end 
to end over the deck exclusive of sheer, is less than 8 meters (26 feet) 
and the length or breadth of the tow, exclusive of the towing line, is 
less than 20 meters (65 feet);
    (2) Where the vessel towed complies with this subpart;
    (3) Where the towing vessel and tow are located within a booming 
ground (an area in which logs are confined); or
    (4) Where the tow has been undertaken in an emergency and neither 
the towing vessel nor the tow can comply with this part.
    (c) Any vessel carrying more than six passengers for hire.
    (d) The requirements of the Great Lakes Radio Agreement do not apply 
to:
    (1) Ships of war and troop ships;
    (2) Vessels owned and operated by any national government and not 
engaged in trade.
    (e) The Commission may if it considers that the conditions of the 
voyage or voyages affecting safety (including but not necessarily 
limited to the regularity, frequency and nature of the voyages, or other 
circumstances) are such as to render full application of the Great Lakes 
Agreement unreasonable or unnecessary, exempt partially, conditionally 
or completely, any individual vessel for one or more voyages or for any 
period of time not exceeding one year.



Sec. 80.953  Inspection and certification.

    (a) Each U.S. flag vessel subject to the Great Lakes Agreement must 
have an inspection of the required radiotelephone installation at least 
once every 13 months. This inspection must be made while the vessel is 
in active service or within not more than one month before the date on 
which it is placed in service.
    (b) An inspection and certification of a ship subject to the Great 
Lakes Agreement must be made by a technician holding one of the 
following: a General Radiotelephone Operator License, a GMDSS Radio 
Maintainer's License, a Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's 
Certificate, or a First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate. 
Additionally, the technician must not be the vessel's owner, operator, 
master, or an employee of any of them. The results of the inspection 
must be recorded in the ship's radiotelephone log and include:
    (1) The date the inspection was conducted;
    (2) The date by which the next inspection needs to be completed;
    (3) The inspector's printed name, address, class of FCC license 
(including the serial number);
    (4) The results of the inspection, including any repairs made; and
    (5) The inspector's signed and dated certification that the vessel 
meets the requirements of the Great Lakes Agreement and the Bridge-to-
Bridge Act contained in subparts T and U of this part and has 
successfully passed the inspection.
    (c) The vessel owner, operator, or ship's master must certify that 
the inspection required by paragraph (b) was satisfactory.
    (d) The ship's log must be retained on-board the vessel for at least 
two years from the date of the inspection.

[61 FR 25807, May 23, 1996]

[[Page 159]]



Sec. 80.955  Radiotelephone installation.

    (a) Each U.S. flag vessel of less than 38 meters (124 feet) in 
length while subject to the Great Lakes Agreement must have a 
radiotelephone meeting the provisions of this subpart in addition to the 
other rules in this part governing ship stations using telephony.
    (b) Each U.S. flag vessel of 38 meters (124 feet) or more in length 
while subject to the Great Lakes Agreement must have a minimum of two 
VHF radiotelephone installations in operating condition meeting the 
provisions of this subpart. The second VHF installation must be 
electrically separate from the first VHF installation. However, both may 
be connected to the main power supply provided one installation can be 
operated from a separate power supply located as high as practicable on 
the vessel.
    (c) This paragraph does not require or prohibit the use of other 
frequencies for use by the same ``radiotelephone installation'' for 
communication authorized by this part.



Sec. 80.956  Required frequencies and uses.

    (a) Each VHF radiotelephone installation must be capable of 
transmitting and receiving G3E emission as follows:
    (1) Channel 16--156.800 MHz-Distress, Safety and Calling; and
    (2) Channel 6--156.300 MHz--Primary intership.
    (b) The radiotelephone station must have additional frequencies as 
follows:
    (1) Those ship movement frequencies appropriate to the vessel's area 
of operation: Channel 11--156.550 MHz, Channel 12--156.600 MHz, or 
Channel 14--156.700 MHz.
    (2) The navigational bridge-to-bridge frequency, 156.650 MHz 
(channel 13).
    (3) Such other frequencies as required for the vessel's service.
    (4) One channel for receiving marine navigational warnings for the 
area of operation.
    (c) Every radiotelephone station must include one or more 
transmitters, one or more receivers, one or more sources of energy and 
associated antennas and control equipment. The radiotelephone station, 
exclusive of the antennas and source of energy, must be located as high 
as practicable on the vessel, preferably on the bridge, and protected 
from water, temperature, and electrical and mechanical noise.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 53 FR 17052, May 13, 1988]



Sec. 80.957  Principal operating position.

    (a) The principal operating position of the radiotelephone 
installation must be on the bridge, convenient to the conning position.
    (b) When the radiotelephone station is not located on the bridge, 
operational control of the equipment must be provided at the location of 
the radiotelephone station and at the bridge operating position. 
Complete control of the equipment at the bridge operating position must 
be provided.



Sec. 80.959  Radiotelephone transmitter.

    (a) The transmitter must be capable of transmission of G3E emission 
on the required frequencies.
    (b) The transmitter must deliver a carrier power of between 10 watts 
and 25 watts into 50 ohms nominal resistance when operated with its 
rated supply voltage. The transmitter must be capable of readily 
reducing the carrier power to one watt or less.
    (c) To demonstrate the capability of the transmitter, measurements 
of primary supply voltage and transmitter output power must be made with 
the equipment operating on the vessel's main power supply, as follows:
    (1) The primary supply voltage measured at the power input terminals 
to the transmitter terminated in a matching artificial load, must be 
measured at the end of 10 minutes of continuous operation of the 
transmitter at its rated power output.
    (2) The primary supply voltage, measured in accordance with the 
procedures of this paragraph, must be not less than 11.5 volts.
    (3) The transmitter at full output power measured in accordance with 
the procedure of this paragraph must not be less than 10 watts.



Sec. 80.961  Radiotelephone receiver.

    (a) The receiver must be capable of reception of G3E emission on the 
required frequencies.
    (b) The receiver must have a sensitivity of at least 2 microvolts 
across 50

[[Page 160]]

ohms for a 20 decibel signal-to-noise ratio.



Sec. 80.963  Main power supply.

    (a) A main power supply must be available at all times while the 
vessel is subject to the requirements of the Great Lakes Radio 
Agreement.
    (b) Means must be provided for charging any batteries used as a 
source of energy. A device which during charging of the batteries gives 
a continuous indication of charging current must be provided.



Sec. 80.965  Reserve power supply.

    (a) Each passenger vessel of more than 100 gross tons and each cargo 
vessel of more than 300 gross tons must be provided with a reserve power 
supply independent of the vessel's normal electrical system and capable 
of energizing the radiotelephone installation and illuminating the 
operating controls at the principal operating position for at least 2 
continuous hours under normal operating conditions. When meeting this 2 
hour requirement, such reserve power supply must be located on the 
bridge level or at least one deck above the vessel's main deck.
    (b) Instead of the independent power supply specified in paragraph 
(a) of this section, the vessel may be provided with an auxiliary 
radiotelephone installation having a power source independent of the 
vessel's normal electrical system. Any such installation must comply 
with Secs. 80.955, 80.956, 80.957, 80.959, 80.961, 80.969 and 80.971, as 
well as the general technical standards contained in this part. 
Additionally, the power supply for any such auxiliary radiotelephone 
must be a ``reserve power supply'' for the purposes of paragraphs (c), 
(d) and (e) of this section.
    (c) Means must be provided for adequately charging any batteries 
used as a reserve power supply for the required radiotelephone 
installation. A device must be provided which, during charging of the 
batteries, gives a continuous indication of charging.
    (d) The reserve power supply must be available within one minute.
    (e) The station licensee, when directed by the Commission, must 
prove by demonstration as prescribed in paragraphs (e)(1), (2), (3) and 
(4) of this section that the reserve power supply is capable of meeting 
the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section as follows:
    (1) When the reserve power supply includes a battery, proof of the 
ability of the battery to operate continuously for the required time 
must be established by a discharge test over the required time, when 
supplying power at the voltage required for normal operation to an 
electric load as prescribed by paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
    (2) When the reserve power supply includes an engine driven 
generator, proof of the adequacy of the engine fuel supply to operate 
the unit continuously for the required time may be established by using 
as a basis the fuel consumption during a continuous period of one hour 
when supplying power, at the voltage required for normal operation, to 
an electrical load as prescribed by paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
    (3) For the purposes of determining the electrical load to be 
supplied, the following formula must be used:
    (i) One-half of the current of the radiotelephone while transmitting 
at its rated output, plus one-half the current while not transmitting; 
plus
    (ii) Current of the required receiver; plus
    (iii) Current of the source of illumination provided for the 
operating controls prescribed by Sec. 80.969; plus
    (iv) The sum of the currents of all other loads to which the reserve 
power supply may provide power in time of emergency or distress.
    (4) At the conclusion of the test specified in paragraphs (e) (1) 
and (2) of this section, no part of the reserve power supply must have 
excessive temperature rise, nor must the specific gravity or voltage of 
any battery be below the 90 percent discharge point.



Sec. 80.967  Antenna system.

    The antenna must be omnidirectional, vertically polarized and 
located as high as practicable on the masts or superstructure of the 
vessel.

[[Page 161]]



Sec. 80.969  Illumination of operating controls.

    (a) The radiotelephone must have dial lights which illuminate the 
operating controls at the principal operating position.
    (b) Instead of dial lights, a light from an electric lamp may be 
provided to illuminate the operating controls of the radiotelephone at 
the principal operating position. If a reserve power supply is required, 
arrangements must permit the use of that power supply for illumination 
within one minute.



Sec. 80.971  Test of radiotelephone installation.

    At least once during each calendar day a vessel subject to the Great 
Lakes Radio Agreement must test communications on 156.800 MHz to 
demonstrate that the radiotelephone installation is in proper operating 
condition unless the normal daily use of the equipment demonstrates that 
this installation is in proper operating condition. If equipment is not 
in operating condition, the master must have it restored to effective 
operation as soon as possible.



Subpart U--Radiotelephone Installations Required by the Bridge-to-Bridge 
                                   Act



Sec. 80.1001  Applicability.

    The Bridge-to-Bridge Act and the regulations of this part apply to 
the following vessels in the navigable waters of the United States:
    (a) Every power-driven vessel of 20 meters or over in length while 
navigating;
    (b) Every vessel of 100 gross tons and upward carrying one or more 
passengers for hire while navigating;
    (c) Every towing vessel of 7.8 meters (26 feet) or over in length, 
measured from end to end over the deck excluding sheer, while 
navigating; and
    (d) Every dredge and floating plant engaged, in or near a channel or 
fairway, in operations likely to restrict or affect navigation of other 
vessels. An unmanned or intermittently manned floating plant under the 
control of a dredge shall not be required to have a separate 
radiotelephone capability.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 57 FR 61012, Dec. 23, 1992; 
58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.1003  Station required.

    Vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have a 
radiotelephone installation to enable the vessel to participate in 
navigational communications. This radiotelephone installation must be 
continuously associated with the ship even though a portable 
installation is used. Foreign vessels coming into U.S. waters where a 
bridge-to-bridge station is required may fulfill this requirement by use 
of portable equipment brought a board by the pilot. Non portable 
equipment, when used, must be arranged to facilitate repair. The 
equipment must be protected against vibration, moisture, temperature and 
excessive currents and voltages.



Sec. 80.1005  Inspection of station.

    The bridge-to-bridge radiotelephone station will be inspected on 
vessels subject to regular inspections pursuant to the requirements of 
Parts II and III of Title III of the Communications Act, the Safety 
Convention or the Great Lakes Agreement at the time of the regular 
inspection. If after such inspection, the Commission determines that the 
Bridge-to-Bridge Act, the rules of the Commission and the station 
license are met, an endorsement will be made on the appropriate 
document. The validity of the endorsement will run concurrently with the 
period of the regular inspection. Each vessel must carry a certificate 
with a valid endorsement while subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. All 
other bridge-to-bridge stations will be inspected from time to time. An 
inspection of the bridge-to-bridge station on a Great Lakes Agreement 
vessel must normally be made at the same time as the Great Lakes 
Agreement inspection is conducted by a technician holding one of the 
following: a General Radiotelephone Operator License, a GMDSS Radio 
Maintainer's License, a Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's 
Certificate, or a First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate. 
Additionally, the technician must not

[[Page 162]]

be the vessel's owner, operator, master, or an employee of any of them. 
Ships subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act may, in lieu of an endorsed 
certificate, certify compliance in the station log required by section 
80.409(f).

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 61 FR 25807, May 23, 1996]



Sec. 80.1007  Bridge-to-bridge radiotelephone installation.

    Use of the bridge-to-bridge transmitter must be restricted to the 
master or person in charge of the vessel, or the person designated by 
the master or person in charge to pilot or direct the movement of the 
vessel. Communications must be of a navigational nature exclusively.



Sec. 80.1009  Principal operator and operating position.

    The principal operating position of the bridge-to-bridge station 
must be the vessel's navigational bridge or, in the case of dredges, its 
main control station. If the radiotelephone installation can be operated 
from any location other than the principal operating position, the 
principal operating position must be able to take full control of the 
installation.



Sec. 80.1011  Transmitter.

    (a) The bridge-to-bridge transmitter must be capable of transmission 
of G3E emission on the navigational frequency 156.650 MHz (Channel 13) 
and the Coast Guard liaison frequency 157.100 MHz (Channel 22A). 
Additionally, the bridge-to-bridge transmitter must be capable of 
transmission of G3E emission on the navigational frequency of 156.375 
MHz (Channel 67) while transiting any of the following waters:
    (1) The lower Mississippi River from the territorial sea boundary, 
and within either the Southwest Pass safety fairway or the South Pass 
safety fairway specified in Sec. 166.200 of the U.S. Coast Guard's 
Rules, 33 CFR 166.200, to mile 242.4 AHP (Above Head of Passes) near 
Baton Rouge;
    (2) The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet from the territorial sea 
boundary, and within the Mississippi River-Gulf outlet Safety Fairway 
specified in Sec. 166.200 of the U.S. Coast Guard's Rules, 33 CFR 
166.200, to that channel's junction with the Inner Harbor Navigation 
Canal; and
    (3) The full length of the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal from its 
junction with the Mississippi River to that canal's entry to Lake 
Pontchartrain at the New Seabrook vehicular bridge.
    (b) [Reserved]

[57 FR 61012, Dec. 23, 1992]



Sec. 80.1013  Receiver.

    The bridge-to-bridge receiver must be capable of reception of G3E 
emission on the navigational frequency 156.650 MHz (Channel 13) and the 
Coast Guard liaison frequency 157.100 MHz (Channel 22A). In addition, 
the bridge-to-bridge receiver must be capable of reception of G3E 
emission on the navigational frequency of 156.375 MHz (Channel 67) while 
transiting in the waters of the lower Mississippi River as described in 
Secs. 80.1011 (a)(1), (a)(2) and (a)(3) of this part.

[57 FR 61012, Dec. 23, 1992]



Sec. 80.1015  Power supply.

    (a) There must be readily available for use under normal load 
conditions, a power supply sufficient to simultaneously energize the 
bridge-to-bridge transmitter at its required antenna power, and the 
bridge-to-bridge receiver. Under this load condition the voltage of the 
power supply at the power input terminals of the bridge-to-bridge 
radiotelephone installation must not deviate from its rated voltage by 
more than 10 percent on vessels completed on or after March 1, 1957, nor 
by more than 15 percent on vessels completed before that date.
    (b) When the power supply for a nonportable bridge-to-bridge 
radiotelephone installation consists of or includes batteries, they must 
be installed as high above the bilge as practicable, secured against 
shifting with motion of the vessel, and accessible with not less than 26 
cm (10 in.) head room.
    (c) Means must be provided for adequately charging any rechargeable 
batteries used in the vessel's bridge-to-bridge radiotelephone 
installation. There must be provided a device which

[[Page 163]]

will give a continuous indication of the charging current during 
charging.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.1017  Antenna system.

    (a) An antenna must be provided for nonportable bridge-to-bridge 
radiotelephone installations which is nondirectional and vertically 
polarized. The construction and installation of this antenna must insure 
proper operation in time of an emergency.
    (b) In cases where portable bridge-to-bridge equipment is 
permanently associated with a vessel, the equipment must be provided 
with a connector for an external antenna of a type capable of meeting 
requirements of paragraph (a) of this section and Sec. 80.71. The vessel 
must be equipped with an external antenna meeting requirements of 
paragraph (a) of this section and Sec. 80.71, capable of use with the 
portable equipment during a normal listening watch.



Sec. 80.1019  Antenna radio frequency indicator.

    Each nonportable bridge-to-bridge transmitter must be equipped, at 
each point of control, with a carrier operated device which will provide 
continuous visual indication when the transmitter is supplying power to 
the antenna transmission line or, in lieu thereof, a pilot lamp or meter 
which will provide continuous visual indication when the transmitter 
control circuits have been placed in a condition to activate the 
transmitter.

[52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987]



Sec. 80.1021  Nameplate.

    A durable nameplate must be mounted on the required radiotelephone 
or be an integral part of it. When the transmitter and receiver comprise 
a single unit, one nameplate is sufficient. The nameplate must show at 
least the name of the manufacturer and the type or model number.



Sec. 80.1023  Test of radiotelephone installation.

    Unless normal use of the required radiotelephone installation 
demonstrates that the equipment is in proper operating condition, a test 
communication for this purpose must be made by a qualified operator each 
day the vessel is navigated. If the equipment is not in proper operating 
condition, the master must be promptly notified. The master must have it 
restored to effective operating condition as soon as possible.



     Subpart V--Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRB's)



Sec. 80.1051  Scope.

    This subpart describes the technical and performance requirements 
for Classes A, B, C, and S, and Categories 1, 2, and 3 EPIRB stations.

[53 FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988]



Sec. 80.1053  Special requirements for Class A EPIRB stations.

    (a) A Class A EPIRB station must meet the following:
    (1) Float free of a sinking ship;
    (2) Activate automatically when it floats free of a sinking ship;
    (3) Have an antenna that deploys automatically when the EPIRB 
activates;
    (4) Use A3X emission on a mandatory basis and A3E and NON emissions 
on an optional basis on the frequencies 121.500 MHz and 243.000 MHz;
    (5) Transmission of A3E or NON emission must not exceed 90 seconds 
and must be followed by a transmission of at least three minutes of A3X 
emission; each transmission of a synthesized and/or pre-recorded voice 
message must be preceded by the words ``this is a recording'';
    (6) The effective radiated power must not be less than 75 milliwatts 
after 48 hours of continuous operation and without replacement or 
recharge of batteries.
    (7) The mandatory A3X emission must be amplitude modulated with an 
audio signal swept downward between 1600 and 300 Hz. The sweeping range 
of the audio signal must be 700 Hz or greater. Its sweep repetition rate 
must be between 2 and 4 times per second. The modulation factor must be 
at least 0.85 and the modulation duty cycle must be at least 33%, but 
not more that 55%.
    (8) EPIRBs manufactured on or after October 1, 1988; EPIRBs carried 
as part

[[Page 164]]

of a ship station to satisfy USCG equipment carriage requirements that 
are newly installed on or after April 1, 1989; EPIRBs carried as part of 
a ship station to satisfy USCG equipment carriage requirements on or 
after August 1, 1991; and EPIRBs that are newly installed as part of a 
voluntarily equipped ship station after August 1, 1991, must have a 
clearly defined carrier frequency distinct from the modulation sidebands 
for the mandatory emission, A3X, and if used, the A3E or NON emissions. 
On 121.500 MHz at least thirty per cent of the total power emitted 
during any transmission cycle with or without modulation must be 
contained within plus or minus 30 Hz of the carrier frequency. On 
243.000 MHz at least thirty per cent of the toal power emitted during 
any transmission cycle with or without modulation must be contained 
within plus or minus 60 Hz of the carrier frequency. Additionally, if 
the type of emission is changed during transmission the carrier 
frequency nust not shift more than plus or minus 30 Hz on 121.500 MHz 
and not more than plus or minus 60 Hz on 243.000 MHz. The long term 
stability of the carrier frequency must comply with the requirements in 
Sec. 80.209(a) of this part.
    (9) Have a visible or audible indicator which clearly shows that the 
device is operating. The indicator must be activated by the RF output 
power. The indicator must be protected from damage due to dropping or 
contact with other objects;
    (10) Float in calm water with at least the upper 5 cm (2 in.) of the 
EPIRB out of the water and the base of the antenna at least 5 cm (2 in.) 
above the water, with the antenna in a vertical position completely 
above the water surface;
    (11) Be ballasted to right itself from a position of 90 degrees from 
its upright position in one second or less;
    (12) Meet the requirements of paragraphs (a) (1) through (9) of this 
section after a free fall into water 3 times from a height of 20 meters 
(66 ft.);
    (13) Bear a designation that indicates it is a ``Class A'' EPIRB;
    (14) Have a positive means of turning the equipment off. When an on-
off switch is employed a guard must be provided to prevent inadvertent 
operation.
    (b) Class A EPIRB's must have a manually activated test switch which 
must be held in position for test operation and when released return the 
EPIRB to its normal state. A switch guard must be provided to prevent 
inadvertent activation. Class A EPIRB's must also have an associated 
test circuit and an RF output power indicator which in the test position 
must:
    (1) Permit the operator to determine that the unit is operative;
    (2) Switch the transmitter output to an artificial antenna 
equivalent to that of the EPIRB antenna;
    (3) Reduce radiation to a level not to exceed 100 nanowatts at a 
distance of 30 meters (98 feet) irrespective of direction.
    (c) EPIRBs manufactured on or after October 1, 1988, must be tested 
in accordance with subpart N, part 2 of this chapter. A report of the 
measurements must be submitted with each application for certification. 
EPIRBs that meet the output power characteristics of this section must 
have a permanent label prominently displayed on the outer casting 
stating, ``Meets FCC Rules for improved satellite detection.'' This 
label, however, must not be placed on the equipment without 
authorization to do so by the Commission. Application for such 
authorization may be made either by submission of a new application for 
certification accompanied by the required fee and all information and 
test data required by parts 2 and 80 of this chapter or, for EPIRBs 
certificated prior to October 1, 1988, an application for modification 
accompanied by the required fee requesting such authorization, including 
appropriate test data and a showing that all units produced under the 
original certification authorization comply with the requirements of 
this paragraph without change to the original circuitry. If the intent 
is simply to add the proper label to an already approved and compliant 
EPIRB, a letter of notification prior to implementing the labeling 
requirements will be needed. This letter request should be sent to the 
attention of the Authorization and Evaluation Division, 7435 Oakland 
Mills Road, Columbus, Maryland 21046,

[[Page 165]]

attention EAB. The modulation, power and frequency stability 
requirements specified in paragraphs (a)(6), (a)(7) and (a)(8) of this 
section must be met under the environmental test conditions specified in 
subpart N, part 2 of this chapter.
    (d) Vacuum tubes are not permitted in EPIRB's. The equipment must 
meet the requirements after extended periods of inaction while carried 
in vessels and subjected to the environmental conditions prescribed. 
Operation into any RF load from open to short must not cause continuing 
degradation in performance.
    (e) EPIRBs must be powered by a battery contained within the 
transmitter case or in a battery holder that is rigidly attached to the 
transmitter case. The battery connector must be corrosion resistant and 
positive in action and must not rely for contact upon spring force 
alone. The useful life of the battery is the length of time that the 
battery can be stored under marine environmental conditions without the 
EPIRB transmitter peak effective radiated power falling below 75 
milliwatts prior to 48 hours of continuous operation. The month and year 
of the battery's manufacture must be permanently marked on the battery 
and the month and year upon which 50 percent of its useful life will 
have expired must be permanently marked on both the battery and the 
outside of the transmitter. The batteries must be replaced if 50 percent 
of their useful life has expired or if the transmitter has been used in 
an emergency situation. EPIRBs manufactured after April 27, 1992 must 
display prominently on the outer case one of the following: The battery 
installation instructions, the title of the manual that contains such 
information, or the company name and address where the battery 
installation can be performed.
    (f) The EPIRB must be waterproof and must not be accidentally 
activated by rain, seaspray, hose wash-down spray or storage in high 
humidity conditions. Standing water on the outer surface must not 
significantly affect its performance.
    (g) Operating instructions understandable by untrained personnel 
must be permanently displayed on the equipment.
    (h) The exterior of the equipment must have no sharp edges or 
projections. Means must be provided to fasten the EPIRB to a survival 
craft or person.
    (i) The antenna must be deployable to its designed length and 
operating position in a foolpoof manner. The antenna must be securely 
attached to the EPIRB and easy to de-ice. The antenna must be vertically 
polarized and omnidirectional.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987, as amended at 
53 FR 8905, Mar. 18, 1988; 56 FR 11516, Mar. 19, 1991; 63 FR 36607, July 
7, 1998]



Sec. 80.1055  Special requirements for Class B EPIRB stations.

    (a) A Class B EPIRB must meet the following:
    (1) The EPIRB must be turned on automatically, as by water activated 
battery, or manually by an on-off switch. A positive means of turning 
the equipment off must be provided. Where an on-off switch is employed, 
a guard must be provided to prevent inadvertent operation;
    (2) The equipment must be designed to be deployed, its controls 
actuated, or its antenna erected, each by a single action task which can 
be performed by either hand;
    (3) Meet the requirements in Secs. 80.1053(a) (4) through (8), 
(a)(14), and (c) through (i) of this part. EPIRBs with water activated 
batteries must, additionally, meet the requirements contained in 
Secs. 80.1053 (a)(10) and (a)(11) of this part,
    (4) Bear a designation that indicates it is a ``Class B'' EPIRB.
    (b) A Class B EPIRB may have a manually activated test switch which 
meets the requirements in Sec. 80.1053 (b) and (c).
    (c) If testing of an EPIRB with Coast Guard coordination is not 
possible, brief operational tests are authorized provided the tests are 
conducted within the first five minutes of any hour and are not longer 
than three audio sweeps or one second whichever is longer.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986; 52 FR 35246, Sept. 18, 1987, as amended at 
53 FR 8906, Mar. 18, 1988; 56 FR 11517, Mar. 19, 1991]

[[Page 166]]



Sec. 80.1057  Special requirements for Class C EPIRB stations.

    Class C EPIRB's shall not be manufactured, imported, or sold in the 
United States after February 1, 1995. Class C EPIRB stations installed 
on board vessels before February 1, 1995, may be used until February 1, 
1999, and not thereafter.
    (a) A Class C EPIRB must operate on the frequencies 156.750 and 
156.800 MHz, must use G3N modulation, and employ the international 
Radiotelephone Two Tone Alarm signal. The EPIRB transmission must be 
cycled. Each cycle must consist of 6 periods (T1 to T6) as shown in the 
table below. During T1, T2, T3, and T5 the 156.750 MHz and 156.800 MHz 
carriers must be modulated alternately by a 2200 Hz and a 1300 Hz tone.

    The modulating duration of each tone must be 250 milliseconds. The 
maximum tolerance of the frequency and modulating duration of each tone 
must be 5 percent. During T4 and T6 neither of the RF 
carriers must be emitted. The T4 and T6 time periods must be varied 
according to the predetermined schedule shown in the table below. After 
the last cycle the transmissions must be terminated. The EPIRB must be 
able to recycle its transmissions in accordance to the schedule shown in 
the table below by placing the activation switch to the ``off' and then 
``on'' position.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Duration in        Transmission
             Period                     seconds        frequency in MHz
------------------------------------------------------------------------
T1..............................  1.5...............  156.800
T2..............................  14.5..............  156.750
T3..............................  1.5...............  156.800
T4..............................  40.0 (16 cycles)..  None.
T4..............................  80.0 (32 cycles)..  ..................
T4..............................  160.0 (64.2         ..................
                                   cycles).
T4..............................  320.0 (83.2         ..................
                                   cycles).
T5..............................  14.5..............  156.750
T6..............................  Sames as T4         None.
                                   duration.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    (b) The effective radiated power must not be less than 1 watt. The 
power must be determined according to FCC Bulletin OCE 45. The EPIRB 
must meet the power requirements over each of the following temperature 
ranges for the time period shown below. Batteries may be replaced after 
completion of tests for each temperature range:
    (1) 0 to +50 degrees Celsius for 24 hours continuous operation.
    (2) -20 to 0 degrees Celsius for 12 hours continuous operation.
    (c) The equipment must have a transmitter, an integral antenna and a 
power supply. The transmitter and power supply must be in separate 
compartments in a single watertight case.
    (d) The equipment must be provided with a visible or audible 
indicator which clearly shows the device is operating. The indicator 
must be activated by the RF output power.
    (e) The equipment must operate when hand held or when floating in 
water after storage for extended periods under marine environmental 
conditions.
    (f) The switch used to activate the EPIRB must indicate the state of 
the equipment (on-off) by the physical position of the switch. A guard 
must be provided to prevent inadvertent operation.
    (g) The equipment case must be waterproof and resealable without 
special tools or sealing compounds. EPIRB operation must not be degraded 
by submersion in sea water for a period of 24 hours.
    (h) The EPIRB must float in fresh water with the antenna vertical 
and completely out of the water.
    (i) Vacuum tubes are not permitted in EPIRB's. The EPIRB must meet 
the requirements after extended periods of inaction while carried in 
vessels and subjected to marine environmental conditions. Operation into 
any load from open to short must not result in continuous degradation of 
performance.
    (j) The exterior of the equipment must have no sharp edges or 
projections. Means must be provided to secure the EPIRB to a survival 
craft or person.
    (k) Operating instructions understandable by untrained personnel 
must be permanently displayed on the equipment. It must indicate that 
the device is ``to be used solely for distress purposes.''
    (l) The equipment must have no exposed areas or terminals that could 
ignite flammable gases or materials.
    (m) The omndirectional antenna must be securely attached to the case 
and capable of being stowed without being damaged.
    (n) The equipment must meet the technical standards after being 
dropped

[[Page 167]]

into water from a height of 6 meters (20 feet).
    (o) The EPIRB must meet the technical standards when plunged into 
sea water at +20 degrees Celsius after storage at a temperature of +50 
degrees Celsius.
    (p) If testing of an EPIRB with Coast Guard coordination is not 
possible, brief operational tests are authorized provided the tests are 
conducted within the first five minutes of any hour for not more than 10 
seconds.
    (q) The EPIRB must automatically turn off after 24 hours 
5 percent. It must be possible to restart the transmission 
sequence by placing the on-off switch momentarily in the off position 
and returning it to the on position.
    (r) The EPIRB must be equipped with a visual indication of a low 
battery condition.
    (s) The EPIRB must have a designation that indicates it is a ``Class 
C'' EPIRB.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 33344, June 17, 1993]



Sec. 80.1059  Special requirements for Class S EPIRB stations.

    (a) A Class S EPIRB station must be able to float or be permanently 
secured to a survival craft.
    (b) A Class S EPIRB able to float must meet the following:
    (1) Be watertight and float in calm water with at least 5 cm (2 in.) 
of the EPIRB out of the water and the base of the antenna at least 5 cm 
(2 in.) above the water, with the antenna in a vertical position 
completely above the water surface;
    (2) Be ballasted to right itself from a position 90 degrees from its 
upright position in one second or less;
    (3) Meet the requirements in Sec. 80.1053 (a)(4) through (9) after 
free fall into water 3 times from a height of 20 meters (67 ft.).
    (c) A Class S EPIRB intended to be permanently secured to a survival 
craft is not required to float in water.
    (d) Additionally, all Class S EPIRB's must meet the following:
    (1) Be capable only of manual activation by an on-off switch 
protected by a guard to prevent inadvertent operation;
    (2) Be designed to be deployed, its controls actuated, or its 
antenna erected, each by a single action task which can be performed by 
either hand;
    (3) Meet the requirements in Secs. 80.1053 (a)(4) through (a)(8) and 
(b) through (i) of this part;
    (4) Class S EPIRBs may provide either continuous or intermittent 
operation. If the EPIRB is designed for intermittent operation, the duty 
cycle must be from 50 to 60 per cent and the period two minutes plus or 
minus 12 seconds. In either event, the EPIRB must meet the power output 
characteristics described in Sec. 80.1053(a)(8) of this part;
    (5) If testing of an EPIRB with Coast Guard coordination is not 
possible, brief operational tests are authorized provided the tests are 
conducted within the first five minutes of any hour and are not longer 
than three audio sweeps or one second whichever is longer;
    (6) Have a designation that indicates it is a ``Class S'' EPIRB.
    (e) Applications for certification must include a letter from the 
manufacturer stating that the EPIRB meets the requirements in paragraphs 
(b) and (d), or (c) and (d) of this section.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 56 FR 11517, Mar. 19, 1991; 
63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.1061  Special requirements for 406.025 MHz EPIRBs.

    (a) Notwithstanding the provisions in paragraph (b) of this section, 
406.025 MHz EPIRBs must meet all the technical and performance standards 
contained in the Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services 
document titled ``RTCM Recommended Standards for 406 MHz Satellite 
Emergency Position-Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRBs)'' dated July 31, 
1987, with editorial updates of December 31, 1987 (RTCM Recommended 
Standards). This RTCM document is incorporated by reference in 
accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). The document is available for 
inspection at Commission headquarters in Washington, DC or may be 
obtained from the Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services, Post 
Office Box 19087, Washington, DC 20036.
    (b) The 406.025 MHz EPIRB must contain as an integral part a 
``homing''

[[Page 168]]

beacon operating only on 121.500 MHz that meets all the requirements 
described in the RTCM Recommended Standards document described in 
paragraph (a) of this section. The 121.500 MHz ``homing'' beacon must 
have a continuous duty cycle that may be interrupted during the 
transmission of the 406.025 MHz signal only. Additionally, at least 30 
percent of the total power emitted during any transmission cycle must be 
contained within plus or minus 30 Hz of the carrier frequency.
    (c) Prior to submitting a certification application for a 406 MHz 
radiobeacon, the radiobeacon must be certified by a test facility 
recognized by one of the COSPAS/SARSAT Partners that the equipment 
satisfies the design characteristics associated with the measurement 
methods described in Appendix B of the RTCM Recommended Standards.

Additionally, the radiobeacon must be certified by a test facility 
recognized by the U.S. Coast Guard to certify that the equipment 
complies with the U.S. Coast Guard environmental and operational 
requirements associated with the test procedures described in Appendix A 
of the RTCM Recommended Standards. Information regarding the recognized 
test facilities may be obtained from Commandant (G-MVI), U.S. Coast 
Guard, 2100 2nd Street SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001.
    (1) After a 406.025 MHz EPIRB has been certified by the recognized 
test facilities the following information must be submitted in duplicate 
to the Commandant (G-MVI), U.S. Coast Guard, 2100 2nd Street SW., 
Washington, DC 20593-0001:
    (i) The name of the manufacturer or grantee and model number of the 
EPIRB;
    (ii) Copies of the certificate and test data obtained from the test 
facility recognized by a COSPAS/SARSAT Partner showing that the 
radiobeacon complies with the COSPAS/SARSAT design characteristics 
associated with the measurement methods described in Appendix B of the 
RTCM Recommended Standards;
    (iii) Copies of the test report and test data obtained from the test 
facility recognized by the U.S. Coast Guard showing that the radiobeacon 
complies with the U.S. Coast Guard environmental and operational 
characteristics associated with the measurement methods described in 
Appendix A of the RTCM Recommended Standards; and
    (iv) Instruction manuals associated with the radiobeacon, 
description of the test characteristics of the radiobeacon including 
assembly drawings, electrical schematics, description of parts list, 
specifications of materials and the manufacturer's quality assurance 
program.
    (2) After reviewing the information described in paragraph (c)(1) of 
this section the U.S. Coast Guard will issue a letter stating whether 
the radiobeacon satisfies all RTCM Recommended Standards.
    (d) A certification application for a 406.025 MHz EPIRB submitted to 
the Commission must also contain a copy of the U.S. Coast Guard letter 
that states the radiobeacon satisfies all RTCM Recommended Standards, a 
copy of the technical test data, and the instruction manual(s).
    (e) An identification code, issued by the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the United States Program Manager for 
the 406.025 MHz COSPAS/SARSAT satellite system, must be programmed in 
each EPIRB unit to establish a unique identification for each EPIRB 
station. With each marketable EPIRB unit the manufacturer or grantee 
must include a postage pre-paid registration card printed with the EPIRB 
identification code addressed to: NOAA/NESDIS, SARSAT Operations 
Division, E/SP3, Federal Building 4, Washington, DC 20233. The 
registration card must request the owner's name, address, telephone 
number, type of ship, alternate emergency contact and include the 
following statement: ``WARNING--failure to register this EPIRB with NOAA 
before installation could result in a monetary forfeiture being issued 
to the owner.''
    (f) To enhance protection of life and property it is mandatory that 
each 406.025 MHz EPIRB be registered with NOAA before installation and 
that information be kept up-to-date. Therefore, in addition to the 
identification plate or label requirements contained

[[Page 169]]

in Secs. 2.925, 2.926 and 2.1003 of this chapter, each 406.025 MHz EPIRB 
must be provided on the outside with a clearly discernable permanent 
plate or label containing the following statement: ``The owner of this 
406.025 MHz EPIRB must register the NOAA identification code contained 
on this label with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA) whose address is: NOAA, NOAA/SARSAT Operations Division, E/SP3, 
Federal Building 4, Washington, D.C. 20233.'' Vessel owners shall advise 
NOAA in writing upon change of vessel or EPIRB ownership, transfer of 
EPIRB to another vessel, or any other change in registration 
information. NOAA will provide registrants with proof of registration 
and change of registration postcards.
    (g) For 406.025 MHz EPIRBs whose identification code can be changed 
after manufacture, the identification code shown on the plate or label 
must be easily replaceable using commonly available tools.

[53 FR 37308, Sept. 26, 1988, as amended at 56 FR 11517, Mar. 19, 1991; 
59 FR 35269, July 11, 1994; 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



      Subpart W--Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)

                           General Provisions

    This subpart contains the rules applicable to the Global Maritime 
Distress and Safety System (GMDSS). Every ship of the United States 
subject to part II of title III of the Communications Act or the Safety 
Convention must comply with the provisions of this subpart. The rules in 
this subpart are to be read in conjunction with the applicable 
requirements contained elsewhere in this part; however, in case of 
conflict, the provisions of this subpart shall govern with respect to 
the GMDSS. For the purposes of this subpart, distress and safety 
communications include distress, urgency, and safety calls and messages.

    Source: 57 FR 9065, Mar. 16, 1992, unless otherwise noted.
    Note: No provision of this subpart is intended to eliminate, or in 
anyway modify, other requirements contained in this part with respect to 
part II of title III of the Communications Act.



Sec. 80.1065  Applicability.

    (a) The regulations contained in Sec. 80.1119 apply to public coast 
stations and coast earth stations as of February 1, 1992.
    (b) The regulations contained within this subpart apply to all 
passenger ships regardless of size and cargo ships of 300 tons gross 
tonnage and upwards as follows:
    (1) Ships must comply with Secs. 80.1085(a)(4) and 80.1085(a)(6) not 
later than August 1, 1993.
    (2) Ships constructed on or after February 1, 1992, must comply with 
Sec. 80.1095 as of that date. All other ships must comply with 
Sec. 80.1095 as of February 1, 1995.
    (3) Ships constructed on or after February 1, 1995, must comply with 
all requirements of this subpart.
    (4) Ships constructed before February 1, 1995, must comply with all 
requirements of this subpart as of February 1, 1999.
    (5) During the period between February 1, 1992, and February 1, 
1999, all ships must comply with:
    (i) The requirements of this subpart;
    (ii) The requirements of chapter IV of the International Convention 
for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, in force prior to February 1, 1992 
(see subparts Q and R of this part); or
    (iii) The requirements of either Sec. 80.836 or Sec. 80.933.
    (6) The expression ``ships constructed'' means ``ships the keels of 
which are laid, or construction identificable with a specific ship 
begins and assembly of that ship has commenced comprising at least 50 
tons gross tonnage or 1% of the estimated mass f all structural 
material, whichever is less.
    (c) The requirements of this subpart do not modify the requirements 
for ships navigated on the Great Lakes or small passenger boats. The 
requirements contained in the Agreement Between the United States of 
America and Canada for Promotion of Safety on the Great Lakes by Means 
of Radio, 1973, continue to apply (see subpart T of this part). The 
requirements contained in part III of title III of the Communications 
Act continue to apply (see subpart S of this part).

[[Page 170]]

    (d) No provision in this subpart is intended to prevent the use by 
any ship, survival craft, or person in distress, of any means at their 
disposal to attract attention, make known their position and obtain 
help.

[57 FR 9065, Mar. 16, 1992, as amended at 60 FR 58245, Nov. 27, 1995; 60 
FR 62927, Dec. 7, 1995]



Sec. 80.1067  Inspection of station.

    (a) Ships must have the required equipment inspected at least once 
every 12 months by an FCC-licensed technician holding a GMDSS Radio 
Maintainer's License. If the ship passes the inspection the technician 
will issue a Safety Certificate. Safety Certificates may be obtained 
from the Commission's National Call Center at 1-888-CALL FCC (1-888-225-
5322) or from its field offices. The effective date of the ship Safety 
Certificate is the date the station is found to be in compliance or not 
later than one business day later. The FCC-licensed technician must use 
the latest FCC Information Bulletin, How to Conduct a GMDSS Inspection. 
Contact the FCC's National Call Center at 1-888-CALL FCC (1-888-225-
5322) to request a copy.
    (b) Certificates issued in accordance with the Safety Convention 
must be posted in a prominent and accessible place on the ship.

[57 FR 9065, Mar. 16, 1992, as amended at 63 FR 29660, June 1, 1998]



Sec. 80.1069  Maritime sea areas.

    (a) For the purpose of this subpart, a ship's area of operation is 
defined as follows:
    (1) Sea area A1. An area within the radiotelephone coverage of at 
least one VHF coast station in which continuous DSC alerting is 
available as defined by the International Maritime Organization.
    (2) Sea area A2. An area, excluding sea area A1, within the 
radiotelephone coverage of at least one MF coast station in which 
continuous DSC alerting is available as defined by the International 
Maritime Organization.
    (3) Sea area A3. An area, excluding sea areas A1 and A2, within the 
coverage of an INMARSAT geostationary satellite in which continuous 
alerting is available.
    (4) Sea area A4. An area outside sea areas A1, A2 and A3.
    (b) Maritime sea areas are delineated in the International Maritime 
Organization Publication GMDSS Master Plan of Shore-Based Facilities. 
The Master Plan can be purchased from the International Maritime 
Organization, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom.



Sec. 80.1071  Exemptions.

    (a) In certain circumstances, partial or conditional exemptions may 
be granted to individual ships from the requirements of Secs. 80.1085, 
80.1087, 80.1089, 80.1091, and 80.1093 provided: such ships comply with 
the functional requirements of Sec. 80.1081 and a showing is made that 
such an exemption will not have a material effect upon the general 
efficiency of the service for the safety of all ships.
    (b) An exemption may be granted under paragraph (a) of this section 
only:
    (1) If the conditions affecting safety are such as to render the 
full application of Secs. 80.1085, 80.1087, 80.1089, 80.1091, and 
80.1093 unreasonable or unnecessary or otherwise not in the public 
interest;
    (2) In exceptional circumstances, for a single voyage outside the 
sea area or sea areas for which the ship is equipped; or
    (3) Prior to February 1, 1999, when the ship will be taken 
permanently out of service within two years of a requirement date 
specified in Sec. 80.1065.



Sec. 80.1073  Radio operator requirements for ship stations.

    (a) Ships must carry at least two persons holding GMDSS Radio 
Operator's Licenses as specified in Sec. 13.2 of this chapter for 
distress and safety radiocommunications purposes. The GMDSS Radio 
Operator's License qualifies personnel as GMDSS radio operator for the 
purposes of operating GMDSS radio installation, including basic 
equipment adjustments as denoted in knowledge requirements specified in 
Sec. 13.21 of this chapter.
    (1) One of the qualified GMDSS radio operators must be designated to 
have

[[Page 171]]

primary responsiblility for radiocommunications during distress 
incidents.
    (2) A second qualified GMDSS radio operator must be designated as 
backup for distress and safety radiocommunications.
    (b) A qualified GMDSS radio operator, and a qualified backup, as 
specified in paragraph (a) of this section must be:
    (1) Available to act as the dedicated radio operator in cases of 
distress as described in Sec. 80.1109(a);
    (2) Designated to perform as part of normal routine each of the 
applicable communications described in Sec. 80.1109(b);
    (3) Responsible for selecting HF DSC guard channels and receiving 
scheduled maritime safety information broadcasts;
    (4) Designated to perform communications described in 
Sec. 80.1109(c);
    (5) Responsible for ensuring that the watches required by 
Sec. 80.1123 are properly maintained; and
    (6) Responsible for ensuring that the ship's navigation position is 
entered, either manually or automatically through a navigation receiver, 
into all installed DSC equipment at least every four hours while the 
ship is underway.



Sec. 80.1074  Radio maintenance personnel for at-sea maintenance.

    (a) Ships that elect the at-sea option for maintenance of GMDSS 
equipment (see Sec. 80.1105) must carry at least one person who 
qualifies as a GMDSS radio maintainer, as specified in paragraph (b) of 
this section, for the maintenance and repair of equipment specified in 
this subpart. This person may be, but need not be, the person designated 
as GMDSS radio operator as specified in Sec. 80.1073.
    (b) The following licenses qualify personnel as GMDSS radio 
maintainers to perform at-sea maintenance of equipment specified in this 
subpart. For the purposes of this subpart, no order is intended by this 
listing or the alphanumeric designator.
    (1) GM: GMDSS Maintainer's License;
    (2) GB: GMDSS Operator's/Maintainer's License; or,
    (3) Until February 1, 1999:
    (i) T-1: First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate;
    (ii) T-2: Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate; or,
    (iii) G: General Radiotelephone Operator License.
    (c) While at sea, all adjustments of radio installations, servicing, 
or maintenance of such installations that may affect the proper 
operation of the GMDSS station must be performed by, or under the 
immediate supervision and responsibility of, a qualified GMDSS radio 
maintainer as specified in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (d) The GMDSS radio maintainer must possess the knowledge covering 
the requirements set forth in IMO Assembly on Training for Radio 
Personnel (GMDSS), Annex 5 and IMO Assembly on Radio Maintenance 
Guidelines for the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System related to 
Sea Areas A3 and A4.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 63 FR 49872, Sept. 18, 1998]



Sec. 80.1075  Radio records.

    A record must be kept, as required by the Radio Regulations and 
Sec. 80.409 (a), (b) and (e), of all incidents connected with the 
radiocommunication service which appear to be of importance to safety of 
life at sea.



Sec. 80.1077  Frequencies.

    The following table describes the frequencies used in the Global 
Maritime Distress and Safety System:

Alerting:
  406 EPIRBs..............................  406-406.1 MHz (Earth-
                                             tospace).
                                            1544-1545 MHz (space-to-
                                             Earth).
  INMARSAT A or C SES.....................  1626.5-1645.5 MHz (Earth-to-
                                             space).
  VHF DSC Ch. 70..........................  156.525 MHz 1.
  MF/HF DSC 2.............................  2187.5 kHz 3, 4207.5 kHz,
                                             6312 kHz, 8414.5 kHz, 12577
                                             kHz, and 16804.5 kHz.
On-scene communications:
  VHF Ch. 16..............................  156.8 MHz.
  MF radiotelephony.......................  2182 kHz.
  NBDP....................................  2174.5 kHz.

[[Page 172]]

 
Communications involving aircraft:
  On-scene, including search and rescue...  156.8 MHz 4, 121.5 MHz 5,
                                             123.1 MHz, 156.3 MHz, 2182
                                             kHz, 3023 kHz, 4125 kHz,
                                             and 5680 kHz 6.
Locating signals:
  406 MHz EPIRB beacons...................  121.5 MHz.
  9 GHz radar transponders................  9200-9500 MHz.
Maritime safety information (MSI):
  International NAVTEX....................  518 kHz 7.
  Warnings................................  490 kHz 8, 4209.5 kHz 9.
  NBDP....................................  4210 kHz, 6314 kHz, 8416.5
                                             kHz, 12579 kHz, 16806.5
                                             kHz, 19680.5 kHz, 22376
                                             kHz, 26100.5 kHz.
  Satellite...............................  1530-1545 MHz (space-to-
                                             Earth) 10.
General distress and safety communications
 and calling:
  Satellite...............................  1530-1544 MHz (space-to-
                                             Earth) and 1626.5-1645.5
                                             (Earth-to-space) 10.
  Radiotelephony..........................  2182 kHz, 4125 kHz, 6215
                                             kHz, 8291 kHz, 12290 kHz,
                                             16420 kHz, and 156.8 MHz.
  NBDP....................................  2174.5 kHz, 4177.5 kHz, 6268
                                             kHz, 8376.5 kHz, 12520 kHz,
                                             and 16695 kHz.
  DSC.....................................  2187.5 kHz, 4207.5 kHz, 6312
                                             kHz, 8414.5 kHz, 12577 kHz,
                                             16804.5 kHz, and 156.525
                                             MHz.
Survival craft:
  VHF radiotelephony......................  156.8 MHz and one other 156-
                                             174 MHz frequency.
  9 GHz radar transponders................  9200-9500 MHz.
 
1 Frequency 156.525 MHz can be used for ship-to-ship alerting and, if
  within sea area A1, for ship-to-shore alerting.
2 For ships equipped with MF/HF equipment, there is a watch requirement
  on 2187.5 kHz, 8414.5 kHz, and one other frequency.
3 Frequency 2187.5 kHz can be used for ship-to-ship alerting and, if
  within sea areas A2, for ship-to-shore alerting.
4 Frequency 156.8 MHz may also be used by aircraft for safety purposes
  only.
5 Frequency 121.5 MHz may be used by ships for aeronautical distress and
  urgency purposes.
6 The priority of use for ship-aircraft communications in 4125 kHz, then
  3023 kHz. Additionally, frequencies 123.1 MHz, 3023 kHz, and 5680 kHz
  can be used by land stations engaged in coordinated search and rescue
  operations.
7 The international NAVTEX frequency 518 kHz is the primary frequency
  for receiving maritime safety information. The other frequencies are
  used only to augment the coverage or information provided on 518 kHz.
8 Frequency 490 kHz cannot be used for MSI employing NBDP transmissions
  until February 2, 1999.
9 Frequency 4209.5 kHz is not used in the United States (see 47 CFR
  2.106 footnote 520A).
10 In addition to EPIRBs, 1544-1545 MHz can be used for narrowband
  distress and safety operations and 1645.5-1646.5 MHz can be used for
  relay of distress alerts between satellites. Feeder links for
  satellite communications are assigned from the fixed satellite
  service, see 47 CFR 2.106.

                Equipment Requirements for Ship Stations



Sec. 80.1081  Functional requirements.

    Ships, while at sea, must be capable:
    (a) Except as provided in Secs. 80.1087(a)(1) and 
80.1091(a)(4)(iii), of transmitting ship-to-shore distress alerts by at 
least two separate and independent means, each using a different 
radiocommunication service;
    (b) Of receiving shore-to-ship distress alerts;
    (c) Of transmitting and receiving ship-to-ship distress alerts;
    (d) Of transmitting and receiving search and rescue co-ordinating 
communications;
    (e) Of transmitting and receiving on-scene communications;
    (f) Of transmitting and receiving signals for locating;
    (g) Of transmitting and receiving maritime safety information;
    (h) Of transmitting and receiving general radiocommunications to and 
from shore-based radio sytsems or networks; and
    (i) Of transmitting and receiving bridge-to-bridge communications.



Sec. 80.1083  Ship radio installations.

    (a) Ships must be provided with radio installations capable of 
complying with the functional requirements prescribed by Sec. 80.1081 
throughout its intended voyage and, unless exempted under Sec. 80.1071, 
complying with the requirements of Sec. 80.1085 and, as appropriate for 
the sea area of areas through which it will pass during its intended 
voyage, the requirements of either Secs. 80.1087, 80.1089, 80.1091, or 
80.1093.
    (b) The radio installation must:
    (1) Be so located that no harmful interference of mechanical, 
electrical or other origin affects its proper use, and

[[Page 173]]

so as to ensure electromagnetic compatibility and avoidance of harmful 
interaction with other equipment and systems;
    (2) Be so located as to ensure the greatest possible degree of 
safety and operational availability;
    (3) Be protected against harmful effects of water, extremes of 
temperature and other adverse environmental conditions;
    (4) Be provided with reliable, permanently arranged electrical 
lighting, independent of the main and emergency sources of electrical 
power, for the adequate illumination of the radio controls for operating 
the radio installation; and
    (5) Be clearly marked with the call sign, the ship station identity 
and other codes as applicable for the use of the radio installation.
    (c) Control of the VHF radiotelephone channels required for 
navigational safety must be immediately available on the navigating 
bridge convenient to the conning position and, where necessary, 
facilities should be available to permit radiocommunications from the 
wings of the navigating bridge. Portable VHF equipment may be used to 
meet the latter provision.



Sec. 80.1085  Ship radio equipment--General.

    This section contains the general equipment requirements for all 
ships subject to this subpart.
    (a) Ships must be provided with:
    (1) A VHF radio installation capable of transmitting and receiving:
    (i) DSC on the frequency 156.525 MHz (channel 70), and it must be 
able to initiate the transmission of distress alerts on channel 70 from 
the position from which the ship is normally navigated; and
    (ii) Radiotelephony on the frequencies 156.300 MHz (channel 6), 
156.650 MHz (channel 13), and 156.800 MHz (channel 16);
    (2) A dedicated, non-scanning radio installation capable of 
maintaining a continuous DSC watch on VHF channel 70 which may be 
separate from, or combined with, that required by paragraph (a)(1)(i) of 
this section;
    (3) A radar transponder capable of operating in the 9 GHz band, 
which must be stowed so that it is easily utilized (this transponder may 
be one of those required by Sec. 80.1095(b) for a survival craft);
    (4) A receiver capable of receiving international NAVTEX service 
broadcasts;
    (5) If the ship is engaged on voyages in any area of INMARSAT 
coverage in which an international NAVTEX service is not provided, a 
radio facility for reception of maritime safety information by the 
INMARSAT enhanced group calling system, i.e., SafetyNet, (this 
requirement does not apply to ships engaged exclusively on voyages in 
areas where an HF direct-printing telegraphy maritime safety information 
service, as identified by the IMO GMDSS Master Plan Publication, is 
provided and the ship is fitted with equipment capable of receiving such 
service); and
    (6) A satellite emergency position-indicating radio beacon 
(satellite EPIRB) which must be:
    (i) Capable of transmitting a distress alert through the polar 
orbiting satellite service operating in the 406 MHz band (406 MHz 
EPIRB); and
    (ii) Installed in an easily accessible position, ready to be 
manually released and capable of being carried by one person into a 
survival craft, capable of floating free if the ship sinks and of being 
automatically activated when afloat, and capable of being activated 
manually.
    (b) Until February 1, 1999, all ships must be equipped with a radio 
installation consisting of a radiotelephone distress frequency 2182 kHz 
watch receiver prescribed by Sec. 80.807. This requirement does not 
apply to ships constructed on or after February 1, 1997.
    (c) Until February 1, 1999, all ships, except ships engaged on 
voyages in sea area A1 only, must be equipped with a device for 
generating the 2182 kHz radiotelephone alarm signal as prescribed by 
Sec. 80.807. This requirement does not apply to ships constructed on or 
after February 1, 1997.
    (d) Ships must carry the most recent edition of the IMO publication 
entitled GMDSS Master Plan of Shore-Based Facilities. Notice of new 
editions will be

[[Page 174]]

published in the Federal Register and copies may be obtained from: 
International Maritime Organization, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 
7SR, United Kingdom.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 60 FR 50122, Sept. 28, 1995]



Sec. 80.1087  Ship radio equipment--Sea area A1.

    This section contains the additional equipment requirements for 
ships that remain within sea area A1 at all times.
    (a) In addition to meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.1085, ships 
engaged on voyages exclusively in sea area A1 must be provided with a 
radio installation capable of initiating the transmission of ship-to-
shore distress alerts from the position from which the ship is normally 
navigated, operating either:
    (1) On VHF using DSC; or
    (2) Through the polar orbiting satellite service on 406 MHz (this 
requirement may be fulfilled by the 406 MHz EPIRB, required by 
Sec. 80.1085(a)(6), either by installing the 406 MHz EPIRB close to, or 
by allowing remote activation from, the position from which the ship is 
normally navigated); or
    (3) On MF using DSC if the ship is engaged on voyages within 
coverage of MF coast stations equipped with DSC; or
    (4) On HF using DSC; or
    (5) Through the INMARSAT geostationary satellite service if within 
INMARSAT coverage. This requirement may be fulfilled by an INMARSAT ship 
earth station capable of two way communication.
    (b) The VHF radio installation, required by Sec. 80.1085(a)(1), must 
also be capable of transmitting and receiving general 
radiocommunications using radiotelephony.



Sec. 80.1089  Ship radio equipment--Sea areas A1 and A2.

    This section contains the additional equipment requirements for 
ships that remain within sea areas A1 or A2 at all times. Ships fitting 
in accordance with this section satisfy the sea area A1 requirements 
denoted in Sec. 80.1087.
    (a) In addition to meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.1085, ships 
engaged on voyages beyond sea area A1, but remaining within sea area A2, 
must be provided with:
    (1) An MF radio installation capable of transmitting and receiving, 
for distress and safety purposes, on the frequencies:
    (i) 2187.5 kHz using DSC; and
    (ii) 2182 kHz using radiotelephony;
    (2) A radio installation capable of maintaining a continuous DSC 
watch on the frequency 2187.5 kHz which may be separate from or combined 
with, that required by paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section; and
    (3) Means of initiating the transmission of ship-to-shore distress 
alerts by a radio service other than MF operating either:
    (i) Through the polar orbiting satellite service on 406 MHz (this 
requirement may be fulfilled by the 406 MHz EPIRB required by 
Sec. 80.1085(a)(6), either by installing the 406 MHz EPIRB close to, or 
by allowing remote activation from, the position from which the ship is 
normally navigated); or
    (ii) On HF using DSC; or
    (iii) Through the INMARSAT geostationary satellite service if within 
INMARSAT coverage; this requirement may be fulfilled by an INMARSAT ship 
earth station.
    (b) It must be possible to initiate transmission of distress alerts 
by the radio installations specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(3) of 
this section from the position from which the ship is normally 
navigated.
    (c) Ships subject to this section must be capable of transmitting 
and receiving general radiocommunications using radiotelephony or 
direct-printing telegraphy by either:
    (1) A radio installation operating on working frequencies in the 
bands between 1605-4000 kHz or between 4000-27500 kHz (this requirement 
may be fulfilled by the addition of this capability to the equipment 
required by paragraph (a)(1) of this section); or
    (2) An INMARSAT ship earth station.



Sec. 80.1091  Ship radio equipment--Sea areas A1, A2, and A3.

    This section contains the additional equipment requirements for 
ships that remain within sea areas A1, A2, or A3

[[Page 175]]

at all times. Ships fitting in accordance with this section satisfy the 
requirements denoted in Secs. 80.1087 or 80.1089 for sea-areas A1 and 
A2. Ships fitting in accordance to this section have the option to 
comply with either the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) of this 
section.
    (a) In addition to meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.1085, ships 
subject to this section must be provided with:
    (1) An INMARSAT ship earth station capable of:
    (i) Transmitting and receiving distress and safety communications 
using direct-printing telegraphy;
    (ii) Initiating and receiving distress priority calls;
    (iii) Maintaining watch for shore-to-ship distress alert, including 
those directed to specifically defined geographical areas;
    (iv) Transmitting and receiving general radiocommunications, using 
either radiotelephony or direct-printing telegraphy; and
    (2) An MF radio installation capable of transmitting and receiving, 
for distress and safety purposes, on the frequencies:
    (i) 2187.5 kHz using DSC; and
    (ii) 2182 kHz using radiotelephony; and
    (3) A radio installation capable of maintaining a continuous DSC 
watch on the frequency 2187.5 kHz which may be separate from or combined 
with that required by paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section; and
    (4) Means of initiating the transmission of ship-to-shore distress 
alerts by a radio service operating either:
    (i) Through the polar orbiting satellite service on 406 MHz (this 
requirement may be fulfilled by the 406 MHz EPIRB required by 
Sec. 80.1085(a)(6), either by installing the 406 MHz EPIRB close to, or 
by allowing remote activation from, the position from which the ship is 
normally navigated); or
    (ii) On HF using DSC: or
    (iii) Through the INMARSAT geostationary satellite service, by an 
additional ship earth station.
    (b) In addition to meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.1085, ships 
subject to this section must be provided with:
    (1) An MF/HF radio installation capable of transmitting and 
receiving on all distress and safety frequencies in the bands between 
1605-27500 kHz using DSC, radiotelephony, and narrow-band direct-
printing telegraphy; and
    (2) Equipment capable of maintaining DSC watch on 2187.5 kHz, 8414.5 
kHz and on at least one of the distress and safety DSC frequencies 
4207.5 kHz, 6312 kHz, 12577 kHz, or 16804.5 kHz although it must be 
possible to select any of these DSC distress and safety frequencies at 
any time (this equipment may be separate from, or combined with, the 
equipment required by paragraph (b)(1) of this section); and
    (3) Means of initiating the transmission of ship-to-shore distress 
alerts by a radiocommunication service other than HF operating either:
    (i) Through the polar orbiting satellite service on 406 MHz (this 
requirement may be fulfilled by the 406 MHz EPIRB required by 
Sec. 80.1085(a)(6), either by installing the 406 MHz EPIRB close to, or 
by allowing remote activation from, the position from which the ship is 
normally navigated; or
    (ii) Through the INMARSAT geostationary satellite service (this 
requirement may be fulfilled by an INMARSAT ship earth station).
    (4) In addition, ships must be capable of transmitting and receiving 
general radiocommunications using radiotelephony or direct-printing 
telegraphy by an MF/HF radio installation operating on working 
frequencies in the bands between 1605-4000 kHz and between 4000-27500 
kHz (this requirement may be fulfilled by the addition of this 
capability to the equipment required by paragraph (b)(1) of this 
section).
    (c) It must be possible to initiate transmission of distress alerts 
by the radio installations specified in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), 
(a)(4), (b)(1), and (b)(3) of this section from the position from which 
the ship is normally navigated.



Sec. 80.1093  Ship radio equipment--Sea areas A1, A2, A3, and A4.

    This section contains the additional equipment requirements for 
ships that sail in all sea areas, i.e., sea areas A1,

[[Page 176]]

A2, A3, and A4. Ships fitting in accordance with this section satisfy 
the requirements denoted in Secs. 80.1087, 80.1089, and 80.1091 for sea 
areas A1, A2, and A3.
    (a) In addition to meeting the requirements of Sec. 80.1085, ships 
engaged on voyages in all sea areas must be provided with the radio 
installations and equipment required by Sec. 80.1091(b), except that the 
equipment required by Sec. 80.1091(b)(3)(ii) cannot be accepted as an 
alternative to that required by regulation Sec. 80.1091(b)(3)(i), which 
must always be provided.
    (b) Ships engaged on voyages in all sea areas also must comply with 
the requirements of Sec. 80.1091(c).



Sec. 80.1095  Survival craft equipment.

    (a) At least three two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus must be 
provided on every passenger ship and on every cargo ship of 500 tons 
gross tonnage and upwards. At least two two-way VHF radiotelephone 
apparatus must be provided on every cargo ship of between 300-500 tons 
gross tonnage. Portable two-way VHF radiotelephones must be stowed in 
such locations that they can be rapidly placed in any survival craft 
other than liferafts required by Regulation III/26.1.4 of the SOLAS 
Convention. Alternatively, survival craft may be fitted with a fixed 
two-way VHF radiotelephone installation. Two-way VHF radiotelephone 
apparatus, portable or fixed, must conform to performance standards as 
specified in Sec. 80.1101. Two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus provided 
on board ships prior to February 1, 1992, and not complying fully with 
the performance standards specified in Sec. 80.1101, may be used until 
February 1, 1999, provided it is compatible with approved two-way VHF 
radiotelephone apparatus.
    (b) At least one radar transponder must be carried on each side of 
every passenger ship and every cargo ship of 500 tons gross tonnage and 
upwards. At least one radar transponder must be carried on every cargo 
ship of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 tons gross 
tonnage. Such radar transponders must conform to performance standards 
as specified in Sec. 80.1101. The radar transponders must be stowed in 
such locations that they can be rapidly placed in any survival craft 
other than liferafts required on cargo ships in forward and aft areas 
(see Regulation III/26.1.4 of the SOLAS Convention). Alternatively, one 
radar transponder must be stowed in each survival craft other than those 
required by Regulation III/26.1.4 of the SOLAS Convention. One of these 
radar transponders may be radar transponder required by 
Sec. 80.1085(a)(3).
    (c) Survival craft equipment must be tested at intervals not to 
exceed twelve months. For batteries used for survival craft equipment, 
the month and year of its manufacture must be permanently marked on the 
battery. Also, the month and year upon which 50 percent of its useful 
life will expire must be permanently marked on both the battery and the 
outside of the transmitter. Batteries must be replaced if 50 percent of 
their useful life has expired or if the transmitter has been used in an 
emergency situation.



Sec. 80.1099  Ship sources of energy.

    (a) There must be available at all times, while the ship is at sea, 
a supply of electrical energy sufficient to operate the radio 
installations and to charge any batteries used as part of a reserve 
source of energy for the radio installations.
    (b) A reserve source of energy to supply radio installations must be 
provided on every ship for the purpose of conducting distress and safety 
radiocommunications, in the event of failure of the ship's main and 
emergency sources of electrical power. The reserve sources of energy 
must be capable of simultaneously operating the VHF radio installation 
required by Sec. 80.1085(a)(1) and, as appropriate for the sea area or 
sea areas for which the ship is equipped, either the MF radio 
installation required by Sec. 80.1089(a)(1), the MF/HF radio 
installation required by Sec. 80.1091(a)(2)(i) or Sec. 80.1093(a), or 
the INMARSAT ship earth station required by Sec. 80.1091(a)(1) and any 
of the additional loads mentioned in paragraphs (d), (e) and (h) of this 
section for a period of at least:
    (1) One hour, on ships constructed on or after February 1, 1995;
    (2) One hour, on ships constructed before February 1, 1995, if the 
emergency source of electrical power complies

[[Page 177]]

fully with all relevant requirements of SOLAS, Chapter II-1, Regulation 
42 or 43 (as amended); or
    (3) Six hours, on ships constructed before February 1, 1995, and on 
cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage, if the emergency source 
of electrical power is not provided or does not comply fully with all 
relevant requirements of SOLAS, Chapter II-1, Regulation 42 or 43 (as 
amended).
    (c) The reserve sources of energy need not supply independent HF and 
MF radio installations at the same time. The reserve sources of energy 
must be independent of the propelling power of the ship and the ship's 
electrical system.
    (d) Where, in addition to the VHF radio installation, two or more of 
the other radio installations, referred to in paragraph (b) of this 
section, can be connected to the reserve sources of energy, they must be 
capable of simultaneously supplying, for one hour, as specified in 
paragraph (b) of this section, the VHF radio installation and;
    (1) All other radio installations which can be connected to the 
reserve sources of energy at the same time; or
    (2) Whichever of the other radio installations will consume the most 
power, if only one of the other radio installations can be connected to 
the reserve sources of energy at the same time as the VHF radio 
installation.
    (e) The reserve sources of energy may be used to supply the 
electrical lighting required by Sec. 80.1083(b)(4).
    (f) Where a reserve source of energy consists of a rechargeable 
accumulator battery or batteries:
    (1) A means of automatically charging such batteries must be 
provided which must be capable of recharging them to minimum capacity 
requirements within 10 hours; and
    (2) The capacity of the battery or batteries must be checked, using 
an appropriate method, at intervals not exceeding 12 months. These 
checks must be performed when the vessel is not at sea.
    (g) The accumulator batteries which provide a reserve source of 
energy must be installed to ensure: The highest degree of service, a 
reasonable lifetime, reasonable safety; that the battery temperatures 
remain within the manufacturer's specifications whether under charge or 
idle; and that when fully charged, the batteries will provide at least 
the minimum required hours of operation under all weather conditions.
    (h) If an uninterrupted input of information from the ship's 
navigational or other equipment to a radio installation required by this 
subpart is needed to ensure its proper performance, means must be 
provided to ensure the continuous supply of such information in the 
event of failure of the ship's main or emergency source of electrical 
power.
    (i) An uninterruptible power supply or other means of ensuring a 
continuous supply of electrical power, within equipment tolerances, 
shall be provided to all GMDSS equipment that could be affected by 
normal variations and interruptions of ship's power.



Sec. 80.1101  Performance standards.

    (a) The abbreviations used in this section are as follows:
    (1) International Maritime Organization (IMO).
    (2) International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee 
(CCITT).
    (3) International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
    (4) International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
    (5) International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR).
    (b) All equipment specified in this subpart must meet the general 
requirements for shipboard equipment listed in this paragraph, which are 
incorporated by reference.
    (1) IMO Resolution A.694(17), ``General Requirements for Shipborne 
Radio Equipment Forming Part of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety 
System (GMDSS) and for Electronic Navigational Aids,'' adopted 6 
November 1991.
    (2) CCITT Recommendation E.161, ``Arrangement of Figures, Letters 
and Symbols on Telephones and Other Devices that Can Be Used for Gaining 
Access to a Telephone Network,'' 1989.
    (3) CCITT Recommendation Q.11, ``Numbering Plan for the 
International Telephone Service,'' 1989.
    (4) IEC Publication 92-101, ``Electrical Installations in Ships,'' 
Third Edition 1980 with amendments through 1984.

[[Page 178]]

    (5) IEC Publication 533, ``Electromagnetic Compatibility of 
Electrical and Electronic Installations in Ships,'' First Edition 1977.
    (6) IEC Publication 945, ``Marine Navigational Equipment,'' First 
Edition 1988.
    (7) ISO Standard 3791, ``Office Machines and Data Processing 
Equipment--Keyboard Layouts for Numeric Applications,'' First Edition 
1976(E).
    (c) The equipment specified in this subpart must also conform to the 
appropriate performance standards listed below which are incorporated by 
reference.
    (1) NAVTEX receivers: (i) IMO Resolution A.525(13), ``Performance 
Standards for Narrow-band Direct Printing Telegraph Equipment for the 
Reception of Navigational and Meteorological Warnings and Urgent 
Information to Ships,'' adopted 17 November 1983.
    (ii) CCIR Recommendation 540-2, ``Operational and Technical 
Characteristics for an Automated Direct-printing Telegraph System for 
Promulgation of Navigational and Meteorological Warnings and Urgent 
Information to Ships,'' 1990.
    (2) VHF radio equipment: (i) IMO Resolution A.609(15), ``Performance 
Standards for Shipborne VHF Radio Installations Capable of Voice 
Communication and Digital Selective Calling,'' adopted 19 November 1987.
    (ii) CCIR Recommendation 493-4, ``Digital Selective-calling System 
for use in the Maritime Mobile Service,'' 1990.
    (3) MF radio equipment: (i) IMO Resolution A. 610(15), ``Performance 
Standards for Shipborne MF Radio Installations Capable of Voice 
Communication and Digital Selective Calling,'' adopted 19 November 1987.
    (ii) CCIR Recommendation 493-4, ``Digital Selective-calling System 
for use in the Maritime Mobile Service,'' 1990.
    (4) MF/HF radio equipment: (i) IMO Resolution A.613(15), 
``Performance Standards for Shipborne MF/HF Radio Installations capable 
of Voice Communication, Narrow-band Direct Printing and digital 
Selective Calling,'' adopted 19 November 1987.
    (ii) CCIR Recommendations 493-4, ``Digital Selective-calling System 
for use in the Maritime Mobile Service,'' 1990.
    (iii) CCIR Recommendation 625-1, ``Direct-printing Telegraph 
Equipment Employing Automatic Identification in the Maritime Mobile 
Service,'' 1990. Equipment may conform to CCIR Recommendation 476-4, 
``Direct-Printing Telegraph Equipment in the Maritime Mobile Service,'' 
1986, in lieu of CCIR Recommendation 625-1, where such equipment was 
installed on ships prior to February 1, 1993.
    (iv) IMO Resolution A.700(17), ``Performance Standards for Narrow-
band Direct-printing Telegraph Equipment for the Reception of 
Navigational and Meteorological Warnings and Urgent Information to Ships 
(MSI) by HF,'' adopted 6 November 1991.
    (5) 406 MHz EPIRBs: (i) IMO Resolution A.611(15), ``Performance 
Standards for Float-free Satellite Emergency Position-indicating Radio 
Beacons Operating on 406 MHz,'' adopted 19 November 1987.
    (ii) IMO Resolution A.662(16), ``Performance Standards for Float-
free Release and Activation Arrangements for Emergency Radio 
Equipment,'' adopted 19 October 1989.
    (iii) OCIR Recommendation 633-1, ``Transmission Characteristics of a 
Satellite Emergency Position-indicating Radiobeacon (Satellite EPIRB) 
System Operating Through a Low Polar-orbiting Satellite System in the 
406 MHz Band,'' 1990.
    (iv) The 406 MHz EPIRBs must also comply with Sec. 80.1061.
    (6) 9 GHz radar transponders: (i) IMO Resolution A.604(15), 
``Performance Standards for Survival Craft Radar Transponders for Use in 
Search and Rescue Operations,'' adopted 19 November 1987.
    (ii) CCIR Recommendation 628-1, Technical Characteristics for Search 
and Rescue Radar Transponders,'' 1990.
    (7) Two-way VHF radiotelephone: IMO Resolution A.605(15), 
``Performance Standards for Survival Craft Two-way VHF Radiotelephone 
Apparatus,'' adopted 19 November 1987.
    (8) INMARSAT-A SES: IMO Resolution A.698(17), ``Performance 
Standards for Ship Earth Stations Capable of Two-way Communications,'' 
adopted 6 November 1991.

[[Page 179]]

    (9) INMARSAT-C SES: IMO Resolution A.663(16), ``Performance 
Standards for INMARSAT Standard-C Ship Earth Stations Capable of 
Transmitting and Receiving Direct-printing Communications,'' adopted 19 
October 1989.
    (10) INMARSAT EGC: IMO Resolution A.664(16), ``Performance Standards 
for Enhanced Group Call Equipment,'' adopted 19 October 1989.
    (d) The above-referenced documents have been approved for 
incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register in 
accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Identification data 
and place to purchase for each of the above-reference documents are 
listed as follows:
    (1) Copies of IMO Resolutions, the 1974 SOLAS Convention, and the 
1983 and 1988 amendments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention can be purchased 
from Publications, International Maritime Organization, 4 Albert 
Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom.
    (i) IMO resolution A.525(13) is contained in the Resolutions and 
Other Decisions of the Assembly of the International Maritime 
Organization, 13th Session, 1983, (IMO, London, 1984), Sales Number 073 
84.07.E.
    (ii) IMO Resolutions A.604(15), A.605(15), A.610(15), A.611(15) and 
A.613(15) are contained in the Resolutions and Other Decisions of the 
Assembly of the International Maritime Organization, 15th Session, 1987, 
(IMO, London, 1988), Sales Number 130 88.03.E.
    (iii) IMO Resolutions A.662(16), A.663(16) and A.664(16) are 
contained in the Resolutions and Other Decisions of the Assembly of the 
International Maritime Organization, 16th Session, 1989, (IMO, London, 
1990), Sales Number 136 90.04.E
    (iv) IMO Resolutions A.694(17), A.698(17), and A.700(17) can be 
ordered from IMO by requesting ``A.694, A.698, or A.700(17) from the 
seventeenth session.'' IMO Resolutions A.694(17), A.698(17), and 
A.700(17) will be published in the Resolutions and Other Decisions of 
the Assembly of the International Maritime Organization, 17th Session, 
1991.
    (2) CCIR Recommendations, ITU Radio Regulations, and CCITT 
publications can be purchased from the International Telecommunications 
Union (ITU), Place des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland.
    (i) All CCIR Recommendations referenced in this section are 
contained in Recommendations of the CCIR, 1990, Volume VIII, (ITU, 
Geneva, 1990), 92-61-0424104.
    (ii) CCITT Recommendation E.161 is contained in CCITT Volume II--
Telephone and Network ISDN--Operation, Numbering, Routing and Mobile 
Service, (ITU, Geneva, 1989), ISBN 92-61-03261-3.
    (iii) CCITT Recommendation Q.11 is contained in CCITT Blue Book 
Volume VI, General Recommendation on Telephone Switching and Signalling, 
(ITU, Geneva, 1989), ISBN 92-61-03451-9.
    (3) IEC Publications can be purchased from the International 
Electrotechnical Commission, 3 Rue de Varembe, CH-1211 Geneva 20, 
Switzerland, or from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 
11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, telephone (212) 642-4900.
    (4) ISO Standards can be purchased from the International 
Organization for Standardization, 1 Rue de Varembe, CH-1211 Geneva 20, 
Switzerland, or from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 
11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, telephone (212) 642-4900.
    (5) Copies of the publications listed in this section that are 
incorporated by reference may be inspected at the Federal Communications 
Commission, 1919 M Street, NW., Dockets Branch (room 239), Washington, 
DC or at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capital Street, 
NW., suite 700, Washington, DC.

[57 FR 44701, Sept. 29, 1992]



Sec. 80.1103  Equipment authorization.

    (a) All equipment specified Sec. 80.1101 must be certificated in 
accordance with 47 CFR part 2 specifically for GMDSS use, except for 
equipment used in the INMARSAT space segment which must be type-approved 
by INMARSAT and verified in accordance with 47 CFR part 2 specifically 
for GMDSS use. The technical parameters of the equipment must conform to 
the performance standards as specified in Sec. 80.1101. For emergency 
position-indicating radiobeacons operating on 406

[[Page 180]]

MHz (406 MHz EPIRBs) that were authorized prior to April 15, 1992, and 
meet the requirements of Sec. 80.1101, the manufacturer may attest by 
letter that the equipment (indicate FCC ID) meets the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1101 and request that it be denoted as approved for GMDSS use.
    (b) Applicants for certification must submit with their applications 
measurement data sufficiently complete to ensure compliance with the 
technical parameters. The application must include the items listed in 
47 CFR 2.983. Additional measurement data or information may be 
requested depending upon the equipment. For items not listed in 
Sec. 2.983 of this chapter, the applicant must attest that the equipment 
complies with performance standards as specified in Sec. 80.1101 and, 
where applicable, that measurements have been made that demonstrate the 
necessary compliance. Submission of representative data demonstrating 
compliance is not required unless requested by the Commission.
    (c) Applicants for verification must attest that the equipment 
complies with performance standards as specified in Sec. 80.1101 and, 
where applicable, that measurements have been made that demonstrate the 
necessary compliance. Submission of representative data demonstrating 
compliance is not required unless requested by the Commission. An 
application must include the items listed in Sec. 2.975 of this chapter 
and a copy of the INMARSAT type approval certification indicating that 
equipment meets GMDSS standards and includes all peripheral equipment 
associated with the specific unit under review.
    (d) Submission of a sample unit is not required unless specifically 
requested by the Commission.
    (e) In addition to the requirements in part 2 of this chapter, 
equipment specified in Sec. 80.1101 shall be labelled as follows: ``This 
device complies with the GMDSS provisions of part 80 of the FCC Rules.'' 
Such a label is not required for emergency position-indicating 
radiobeacons operating on 406 MHz (406 MHz EPIRBs) that were authorized 
prior to April 15, 1992.

[57 FR 9065, Mar. 16, 1992, as amended at 57 FR 44702, Sept. 29, 1992; 
63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 80.1105  Maintenance requirements.

    (a) Equipment must be so designed that the main units can be 
replaced readily, without elaborate recalibration or readjustment. Where 
applicable, equipment must be constructed and installed so that it is 
readily accessible for inspection and on-board maintenance purposes. 
Adequate information must be provided to enable the equipment to be 
properly operated and maintained (see IMO Resolution A.569(14)).
    (b) Radio equipment required by this subpart must be maintained to 
provide the availability of the functional requirements specified in 
Sec. 80.1081 and to meet the performance standards specified in 
Sec. 80.1101.
    (c) On ships engaged on voyages in sea areas A1 and A2, the 
availability must be ensured by duplication of equipment, shore-based 
maintenance, or at-sea electronic maintenance capability, or a 
combination of these.
    (d) On ships engaged on voyages in sea areas A3 and A4, the 
availability must be ensured by using a combination of at least two of 
the following methods: duplication of equipment, shore-based 
maintenance, or at-sea electronic maintenance capability.
    (e) Irrespective of the maintenance methods used, a ship must not 
depart from any port unless and until the ship is capable of performing 
all distress and safety functions as specified in Sec. 80.1081.
    (f) Irrespective of the maintenance methods used, all manufacturers' 
instruction manuals and maintenance manuals for each piece of equipment 
required and installed must be available on-board ship. Adequate tools, 
spare parts, and test equipment appropriate to the methods used by the 
ship as recommended by the manufacturer should be provided. The manuals, 
tools, spare parts, and test equipment, as applicable, should be readily 
accessible.

[[Page 181]]

    (g) If the duplication of equipment maintenance method is used, the 
following radio installations, in addition to other equipment 
requirements specified in this subpart, must be available on-board ships 
for their sea areas as applicable. Equipment carried in accordance with 
this paragraph must comply with Secs. 80.1101 and 80.1103. Additionally, 
each radio installation must be connected to a separate antenna and be 
installed and be ready for immediate operation.
    (1) Ships, equipped in accordance with Sec. 80.1087 for sea area A1, 
must carry a VHF radio installation complying with the requirements of 
Sec. 80.1085(a)(1).
    (2) Ships, equipped in accordance with Sec. 80.1089 for sea areas A1 
and A2, must carry a VHF radio installation complying with the 
requirements of Sec. 80.1085(a)(1) and an MF radio installation 
complying with the requirements of Sec. 80.1089(a)(1) and being able to 
fully comply with watch requirements as specified in Sec. 80.1123(a)(2). 
The MF radio installation installed for duplication must also comply 
with the requirements Sec. 80.1089(c).
    (3) Ships, equipped in accordance with Sec. 80.1091 for sea areas 
A1, A2, and A3, must carry a VHF radio installation complying with the 
requirements of Sec. 80.1085(a)(1) and either an MF/HF radio 
installation complying with the requirements of Sec. 80.1091(b)(1) and 
being able to fully comply with watch requirements as specified in 
Sec. 80.1123(a)(2) or an INMARSAT ship earth station complying with the 
requirements of Sec. 80.1091(a)(1). The MF/HF radio installation or the 
INMARSAT ship earth station installed for duplication must also comply 
with the requirements Sec. 80.1091(c).
    (4) Ships, equipped in accordance with Sec. 80.1093 for sea areas 
A1, A2, A3, and A4, must carry a VHF radio installation complying with 
the requirement of Sec. 80.1085(a)(1) and an MF/HF radio installation 
complying with the requirements of Sec. 80.1091(b)(1) and being able to 
fully comply with watch requirements as specified in Sec. 80.1123(a)(2). 
The MF/HF radio installation installed for duplication must also comply 
with the requirements Sec. 80.1091(c).
    (h) The radio installations specified in paragraph (g) of this 
section (referred as ``duplicated equipment''), in addition to the 
appropriate radio equipment specified in Sec. 80.1099 (referred as 
``basic equipment''), must be connected to the reserve sources of energy 
required by Sec. 80.1099. The capacity of the reserve sources of energy 
should be sufficient to operate the particular installation (i.e., the 
basic equipment or the duplicated equipment) with the highest power 
consumption, for the appropriate period specified in Sec. 80.1099. 
However, the arrangement for the reserve sources of energy must be such 
that a single fault in this arrangement cannot affect both the basic and 
the duplicated equipment.
    (i) If the shore-based maintenance method is used, the following 
requirements apply.
    (1) Maintenance services must be completed and performance verified 
and noted in the ship's record before departure from the first port of 
call entered after any failure occurs.
    (2) Each GMDSS equipment must be tested and performance verified and 
the results noted in the ship's record before departure from every port. 
To accomplish this, each ship shall carry a performance checkoff sheet 
listing each GMDSS equipment carried on a mandatory basis.
    (j) If the at-sea maintenance method is used, the following 
requirements apply.
    (1) Adequate additional technical documentation, tools, test 
equipment, and spare parts must be carried on-board ship to enable a 
qualified maintainer as specified in Sec. 80.1074 to perform tests and 
localize and repair faults in the radio equipment.
    (2) Only persons that comply with the requirements of Sec. 80.1074 
may perform at-sea maintenance on radio installations required by this 
subpart.

[[Page 182]]

       Operating Procedures for Distress and Safety Communications



Sec. 80.1109  Distress, urgency, and safety communications.

    (a) Distress traffic consists of all messages relating to the 
immediate assistance required by the ship in distress, including search 
and rescue communications and on-scene communications. Distress traffic 
must as far as possible be on the frequencies contained in Sec. 80.1077.
    (b) Urgency and safety communications include: navigational and 
meteorological warnings and urgent information; ship-to-ship safety 
navigation communications; ship reporting communications; support 
communications for search and rescue operations; other urgency and 
safety messages and communications relating to the navigation, movements 
and needs of ships and weather observation messages destined for an 
official meteorological service.
    (c) Intership navigation safety communications are those VHF 
radiotelephone communications conducted between ships for the purpose of 
contributing to the safe movement of ships. The frequency 156.650 MHz is 
used for intership navigation safety communications (see Sec. 80.1077).



Sec. 80.1111  Distress alerting.

    (a) The transmission of a distress alert indicates that a mobile 
unit or person is in distress and requires immediate assistance. The 
distress alert is a digital selective call using a distress call format 
in bands used for terrestrial radiocommunication or a distress message 
format, which is relayed through space stations.
    (b) The distress alert must be sent through a satellite either with 
absolute priority in general communication channels or on exclusive 
distress and safety frequencies or, alternatively, on the distress and 
safety frequencies in the MF, HF, and VHF bands using digital selective 
calling.
    (c) The distress alert must be sent only on the authority of the 
person responsible for the ship, aircraft or other vehicle carrying the 
mobile station or the mobile earth station.
    (d) All stations which receive a distress alert transmitted by 
digital selective calling must immediately cease any transmission 
capable of interfering with distress traffic and must continue watch 
until the call has been acknowledged.



Sec. 80.1113  Transmission of a distress alert.

    (a) The distress alert must identify the station in distress and its 
position. The distress alert may also contain information regarding the 
nature of the distress, the type of assistance required, the course and 
speed of the mobile unit, the time that this information was recorded 
and any other information which might facilitate rescue.
    (b) The format of distress calls and distress messages must be in 
accordance with CCIR Recommendation 493 as specified in Sec. 80.1101.
    (c) Ship-to-shore distress alerts are used to alert Rescue 
Coordination Centers via coast stations or coast earth stations that a 
ship is in distress. These alerts are based on the use of transmissions 
via satellites (from a ship earth station or a satellite EPIRB) and 
terrestrial services (from ship stations and EPIRBs).
    (d) Ship-to-ship distress alerts are used to alert other ships in 
the vicinity of the ship in distress and are based on the use of digital 
selective calling in the VHF, MF, and HF bands.
    (e) Shore-to-ship distress alert relays are used by a station or 
Rescue Coordination Center to relay information about a ship in distress 
to, as appropriate, all ships, a selected group of ships, or a specific 
ship by satellite and/or terrestrial means. The distress alert relay 
must contain the identification of the mobile unit in distress, its 
position and all other information which might facilitate rescue.



Sec. 80.1115  Transmission of a distress alert by a station not itself in distress.

    (a) A station in the mobile or mobile-satellite service which learns 
that a mobile unit is in distress must initiate and transmit a distress 
alert relay in any of the following cases:
    (1) When the mobile unit in distress is not itself in a position to 
transmit the distress alert; or

[[Page 183]]

    (2) When the master or person responsible for the mobile unit not in 
distress or the person responsible for the land station determines that 
further help is necessary.
    (b) A station transmitting a distress alert relay in accordance with 
paragraph (a) of this section or Sec. 80.1121(c) must indicate that it 
is not itself in distress.



Sec. 80.1117  Procedure for receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts.

    (a) Acknowledgement by digital selective calling of receipt of a 
distress alert in the terrestrial services must comply with CCIR 
Recommendation 541, which is incorporated by reference.
    (b) Acknowledgement through a satellite of receipt of a distress 
alert from a ship earth station must be sent immediately (see 
Sec. 80.1119).
    (c) Acknowledgement by radiotelephony of receipt of a distress alert 
from a ship station or a ship earth station must be given in the 
following form:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (2) The call sign or other identification of the station sending the 
distress message, spoken three times;
    (3) The words THIS IS (or DE spoken as DELTA ECHO in case of 
language difficulties);
    (4) The call sign or other identification of the station 
acknowledging receipt, spoken three times;
    (5) The word RECEIVED (or RRR spoken as ROMEO ROMEO ROMEO in case of 
language difficulties);
    (6) The distress signal MAYDAY.
    (d) The acknowledgement by direct-printing telegraphy of receipt of 
a distress alert from a ship station must be given in the following 
form:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (2) The call sign or other identification of the station sending the 
distress alert;
    (3) The word DE;
    (4) The call sign or other identification of the station 
acknowledging receipt of the distress alert;
    (5) The signal RRR;
    (6) The distress signal MAYDAY.
    (e) The acknowledgement by direct-printing telegraphy of receipt of 
a distress alert from a ship earth station must be given by the coast 
earth station receiving the distress alert by retransmitting the ship 
station identity of the ship transmitting the distress alert.



Sec. 80.1119  Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations.

    (a) Coast stations that receive a distress alert should defer 
acknowledgement for a short interval so that receipt may be acknowledged 
by a Rescue Coordination Center. Where an acknowledgement is not 
forthcoming within 3 minutes, the coast station in receipt of distress 
alerts must ensure that they are routed to a Rescue Coordination Center 
as soon as possible. Coast stations must provide assistance for distress 
communications when requested to do so by the U.S. Coast Guard. (This 
subpart does not specify any radio watches for coast stations.)
    (b) Coast earth stations in receipt of distress alerts must ensure 
that they are routed as soon as possible to a Rescue Coordination 
Center. Coast earth stations must relay, as soon as possible, an 
acknowledgement of a distress alert from a Rescue Coordination Center.
    (c) Certain messages must be carried without charge, regardless of 
the means by which they are transmitted:
    (1) Distress alert messages;
    (2) Search and rescue coordination messages;
    (3) Medical assistance messages where an imminent danger to life is 
present, or
    (4) Urgent meteorological or navigational danger messages passed in 
the ship-to-shore direction.



Sec. 80.1121  Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by ship stations and ship earth stations.

    (a) Ship or ship earth stations that receive a distress alert must, 
as soon as possible, inform the master or person responsible for the 
ship of the contents of the distress alert.
    (b) In areas where reliable communications with one or more coast 
stations are practicable, ship stations in receipt of a distress alert 
should defer acknowledgement for a short interval so that receipt may be 
acknowledged by a coast station.

[[Page 184]]

    (c) Ship stations operating in areas where reliable communications 
with a coast station are not practicable that receive a distress alert 
from a ship station which is, beyond doubt, in their vicinity, must, as 
soon as possible and if appropriately equipped, acknowledge receipt and 
inform a Rescue Coordination Center through a coast station or coast 
earth station (see Sec. 80.1115(a)(2)). However, a ship station 
receiving an HF distress alert must not acknowledge it but must observe 
the requirements of Sec. 80.1123, and must, if the alert is not 
acknowledged by a coast station within 3 minutes, relay the distress 
alert.
    (d) A ship station acknowledging receipt of a distress alert in 
accordance with paragraphs (b) or (c) of this section should:
    (1) Acknowledge receipt of the alert by using radiotelephony on the 
distress and safety traffic frequency in the band used for the alert;
    (2) If acknowledgement by radiotelephony of the distress alert 
received on the MF or VHF distress alerting frequency is unsuccessful, 
acknowledge receipt of the distress alert by responding with a digital 
selective call on the appropriate frequency.
    (e) A ship station in receipt of a shore-to-ship distress alert 
relay (see Sec. 80.1113(e)) should establish communication as directed 
and render such assistance as required and appropriate.



Sec. 80.1123  Watch requirements for ship stations.

    (a) While at sea, all ships must maintain a continuous watch:
    (1) On VHF DSC channel 70, if the ship is fitted with a VHF radio 
installation in accordance with Sec. 80.1085(a)(2);
    (2) On the distress and safety DSC frequency 2187.5 kHz, if the ship 
is fitted with an MF radio installation in accordance with 
Secs. 80.1089(a)(2) or 80.1091(a)(3);
    (3) On the distress and safety DSC frequencies 2187.5 kHz and 8414.5 
kHz also on at least one of the distress and safety DSC frequencies 
4207.5 kHz, 6312 kHz, 12577 kHz, or 16804.5 kHz appropriate to the time 
of day and the geographical position of the ship, if the ship is fitted 
with an MF/HF radio installation in accordance with 
Secs. 80.1091(a)(2)(ii) or 80.1093(a) of this part (this watch may be 
kept by means of a scanning receiver limited to six distress and safety 
DSC frequencies); and
    (4) For satellite shore-to-ship distress alert, if the ship is 
fitted with an INMARSAT ship earth station in accordance with 
Sec. 80.1091(a)(1).
    (b) While at sea, all ships must maintain radio watches for 
broadcasts of maritime safety information on the appropriate frequency 
or frequencies on which such information is broadcast for the area in 
which the ship is navigating.
    (c) Until February 1, 1999, every ship while at sea must maintain, 
when practicable, a continuous listening watch on VHF Channel 16. This 
watch must be kept at the position from which the ship is normally 
navigated or at a position which is continuously manned.
    (d) Until February 1, 1999, every ship required to carry a 
radiotelephone watch receiver must maintain, while at sea, a continuous 
watch on the radiotelephone distress frequency 2182 kHz. This watch must 
be kept at the position from which the ship is normally navigated or at 
a position which is continuously manned.
    (e) On receipt of a distress alert transmitted by use of digital 
selective calling techniques, ship stations must set watch on the 
radiotelephone distress and safety traffic frequency associated with the 
distress and safety calling frequency on which the distress alert was 
received.
    (f) Ship stations with narrow-band direct printing equipment must 
set watch on the narrow-band direct-printing frequency associated with 
the distress alert signal if it indicates that narrow-band direct-
printing is to be used for subsequent distress communications. If 
practicable, they should additionally set watch on the radiotelephone 
frequency associated with the distress alert frequency.



Sec. 80.1125  Search and rescue coordinating communications.

    (a) The distress signal consists of the word MAYDAY, pronounced in 
radiotelephony as the French expression ``M'aider''. For distress 
traffic by radiotelephony, when establishing

[[Page 185]]

communications, calls must be prefixed by the distress signal MAYDAY.
    (b) Error correction techniques, in accordance with CCIR 
Recommendation 625 as specified in Sec. 80.1101, must be used for 
distress traffic by direct-printing telegraphy. All messages must be 
preceded by at least one carriage return, a line feed signal, a letter 
shift signal and the distress signal MAYDAY.
    (c) Distress communications by direct-printing telegraphy should be 
in the ARQ mode when ships are communicating directly to the Coast Guard 
or other coast stations on channels which they normally guard. Other 
distress communications, including those on simplex channels provided 
for that purpose, should be in the broadcast forward error correction 
mode. The ARQ mode may subsequently be used when it is advantageous to 
do so.
    (d) The Rescue Coordination Center responsible for controlling a 
search and rescue operation will also coordinate the distress traffic 
relating to the incident or may appoint another station to do so.
    (e) The Rescue Coordination Center coordinating distress traffic, 
the unit coordinating search and rescue operations, or the coast station 
involved may impose silence on stations which interfere with that 
traffic. This instruction may be addressed to all stations or to one 
station only, according to circumstances. In either case, the following 
will be used:
    (1) In radiotelephony, the signal SEELONCE MAYDAY, pronounced as the 
French expression ``silence, m'aider'';
    (2) In narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy normally using 
forward-error correcting mode, the signal SILENCE MAYDAY. However, the 
ARQ mode may be used when it is advantageous to do so.
    (f) Until they receive the message indicating that normal working 
may be resumed (see paragraph (h) of this section), all stations which 
are aware of the distress traffic, and which are not taking part in it, 
and which are not in distress, are forbidden to transmit on the 
frequencies in which the distress traffic is taking place.
    (g) Stations following distress traffic that are able to continue 
normal service may do so when the distress traffic is well established 
and on condition that it observes the provisions of paragraph (f) of 
this section and that it does not interfere with distress traffic.
    (h) When distress traffic has ceased on frequencies which have been 
used for distress traffic, the Rescue Coordination Center controlling a 
search and rescue operation must initiate a message for transmission on 
these frequencies indicating that distress traffic has finished.
    (i) In radiotelephony, the message referred to in paragraph (h) of 
this section consists of:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (2) The call ``Hello all stations'' or CQ (spoken as CHARLIE QUEBEC) 
spoken three times;
    (3) The words THIS IS (or DE spoken as DELTA ECHO in the case of 
language difficulties);
    (4) The call sign or other identification of the station sending the 
message;
    (5) The time when the distress situation has ceased;
    (6) The name and call sign of the mobile station which was in 
distress;
    (7) The words SEELONCE FEENEE pronounced as the French words 
``silence fini''
    (j) In direct-printing telegraphy, the message referred to in 
paragraph (h) of this section consists of:
    (1) The distress signal MAYDAY;
    (2) The call CQ;
    (3) The word DE;
    (4) The call sign or other identification of the station sending the 
message;
    (5) The time when distress situation has ceased;
    (6) The name and call sign of the mobil station which was in 
distress; and
    (7) The words SILENCE FINI.



Sec. 80.1127  On-scene communications.

    (a) On-scene communications are those between mobile unit in 
distress and assisting mobile units, and between the mobile units and 
unit coordinating search and rescue operations.
    (b) Control of on-scene communications is the responsibility of the 
unit

[[Page 186]]

coordinating search and rescue operations. Simplex communications must 
be used so that all on-scene mobile stations may share relevant 
information concerning the distress incident. If direct-printing 
telegraphy is used, it must be in the forward error-correcting mode in 
accordance with CCIR Recommendation 625 as specified in Sec. 80.1101.
    (c) The preferred frequencies in radiotelephony for on-scene 
communications are 156.8 MHz and 2182 kHz. The frequency 2174.5 kHz may 
also be used for ship-to-ship on-scene communications using narrow-band 
direct-printing telegraphy in the forward error correcting mode in 
accordance with CCIR Recommendation 625 as specified in Sec. 80.1101.
    (d) In addition to 156.8 MHz and 2182 kHz, the frequencies 3023 kHz, 
4125 kHz, 5680 kHz, 123.1 MHz and 156.3 MHz may be used for ship-to-
aircraft on-scene communications.
    (e) The selection or designation of on-scene frequencies is the 
responsibility of the unit coordinating search and rescue operations. 
Normally, once an on-scene frequency is established, a continuous aural 
or teleprinter watch is maintained by all participating on-scene mobile 
units on the selected frequency.



Sec. 80.1129  Locating and homing signals.

    (a) Locating signals are radio transmissions intended to facilitate 
the finding of a mobile unit in distress or the location of survivors. 
These signals include those transmitted by searching units and those 
transmitted by the mobile unit in distress, by survival craft, by float-
free EPIRBS, by satellite EPRIBs, and by search and rescue radar 
transponders to assist the searching units.
    (b) Homing singnals are those locating signals which are transmitted 
by mobile units in distress, or by survival craft, for the purpose of 
providing searching units with a signal that can be used to determine 
the bearing to the transmitting stations.
    (c) Locating signals may be transmitted in the following frequency 
bands: 117.975-136 MHz, 121.5 MHz, 156-174 MHz, 406-406.1 MHz, and 9200-
9500 MHz.
    (d) The 9 GHz locating signals must be in accordance with CCIR 
Recommendation 628 as specified in Sec. 80.1101.



Sec. 80.1131  Transmissions of urgency communications.

    (a) In a terrestrial system the announcement of the urgency message 
must be made on one or more of the distress and safety calling 
frequencies specified in Sec. 80.1077 using digital selective calling 
and the urgency call format. A separate announcement need not be made if 
the urgency message is to be transmitted through the maritime mobile-
satellite service.
    (b) The urgency signal and message must be transmitted on one or 
more of the distress and safety traffic frequencies specified in 
Sec. 80.1077, or via the maritime mobile-satellite service or on other 
frequencies used for this purpose.
    (c) The urgency signal consists of the words PAN PAN. In 
radiotelephony each word of the group must be pronounced as the French 
word ``panne''.
    (d) The urgency call format and the urgency signal indicate that the 
calling station has a very urgent message to transmit concerning the 
safety of a mobile unit or a person.
    (e) In radiotelephony, the urgency message must be preceded by the 
urgency signal, repeated three times, and the identification of the 
transmitting station.
    (f) In narrow-band direct-printing, the urgency message must be 
preceded by the urgency signal and the identification of the 
transmitting station.
    (g) The urgency call format or urgency signal must be sent only on 
the authority of the master or the person responsible for the mobile 
unit carrying the mobile station or mobile earth station.
    (h) The urgency call format or the urgency signal may be transmitted 
by a land station or a coast earth station with the approval of the 
responsible authority.
    (i) When an urgency message which calls for action by the stations 
receiving the message has been transmitted, the station responsible for 
its transmission must cancel it as soon as it knows that action is no 
longer necessary.

[[Page 187]]

    (j) Error correction techniques, in accordance with CCIR 
Recommendation 625 as specified in Sec. 80.1101, must be used for 
urgency messages by direct-printing telegraphy. All messages must be 
preceded by at least one carriage return, a line feed signal, a letter 
shift signal and the urgency signal PAN PAN.
    (k) Urgency communications by direct-printing telegraphy should be 
in the ARQ mode when communicating directly to the Coast Guard or other 
coast stations on channels which they normally guard. Other distress 
communications, including those on simplex channels provided for that 
purpose, should be in the broadcast forward error correction mode. The 
ARQ mode may subsequently be used when it is advantageous to do so.



Sec. 80.1133  Transmission of safety communications.

    (a) In a terrestrial system the announcement of the safety message 
must be made on one or more of the distress and safety calling 
frequencies specified in Sec. 80.1077 using digital selective calling 
techniques. A separate announcement need not be made if the message is 
to be transmitted through the maritime mobile-satellite service.
    (b) The safety signal and message must normally be transmitted on 
one or more of the distress and safety traffic frequencies specified in 
Sec. 80.1077, or via the maritime mobile satellite service or on other 
frequencies used for this purpose.
    (c) The safety signal consists of the word SECURITE. In 
radiotelephony, it is pronounced as in French.
    (d) The safety call format or the safety signal indicates that the 
calling station has an important navigational or meteorological warning 
to transmit.
    (e) In radiotelephony, the safety message must be preceded by the 
safety signal, repeated three times, and the identification of the 
transmitting station.
    (f) In narrow-band direct-printing, the safety message must be 
preceded by the safety signal and the identification of the transmitting 
station.
    (g) Error correction techniques, in accordance with CCIR 
Recommendation 625 as specified in Sec. 80.1101, must be used for safety 
messages by direct-printing telegraphy. All messages must be preceded by 
at least one carriage return, a line feed signal, a letter shift signal 
and the safetysignal SECURITE.
    (h) Safety communications by direct-printing telegraphy should be in 
the ARQ mode when communicating directly to the Coast Guard or other 
coast stations on channels which they normally guard. Other distress 
communications, including those on simplex channels provided for that 
purpose, should be in the broadcast forward error correction mode. The 
ARQ mode may subsequently be used when it is advantageous to do so.



Sec. 80.1135  Transmission of maritime safety information.

    (a) The operational details of the stations transmitting maritime 
safety information in accordance with this section are indicated in the 
ITU List of Radiodetermination and Special Service Stations and the IMO 
Master Plan of Shore-Based Facilities.
    (b) The mode and format of the transmissions mentioned in this 
section is in accordance with the CCIR Recommendation 540 as specified 
in Sec. 80.1101.
    (c) Maritime safety information is transmitted by means of narrow-
band direct-printing telegraphy with forward error correction using the 
frequency 518 kHz in accordance with the international NAVTEX system 
(see Sec. 80.1077).
    (d) The frequency 490 kHz may be used, after full implementation of 
the GMDSS, for the transmission of maritime safety information by means 
of narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy with forward error correction 
(see Sec. 80.1077).
    (e) Internationally, the frequency 4209.5 kHz is used for NAVTEX-
type transmissions by means of narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy 
with forward error correction (see Sec. 80.1077).
    (f) Maritime safety information is transmitted by means of narrow-
band direct-printing telegraphy with forward error correction using the 
frequencies 4210 kHz, 6314 kHz, 8416.5 kHz, 12579 kHz, 16806.5 kHz, 
19680.5, 22376 kHz, and 26100.5 kHz (see Sec. 80.1077).

[[Page 188]]

    (g) Maritime safety information is transmitted via satellite in the 
maritime mobile-satellite service using the band 1530-1545 MHz (see 
Sec. 80.1077).



                Subpart X--Voluntary Radio Installations

                                 General



Sec. 80.1151  Voluntary radio operations.

    Voluntary ships must meet the rules applicable to the particular 
mode of operation as contained in the following subparts of this part 
and as modified by Sec. 80.1153:

Operating Requirements and Procedures--Subpart C
Equipment Technical Requirements--Subpart E
Frequencies--Subpart H



Sec. 80.1153  Station log and radio watches.

    (a) Licensees of voluntary ships are not required to operate the 
ship radio station or to maintain radio station logs.
    (b) When a ship radio station of a voluntary ship is being operated, 
appropriate general purpose watches must be maintained in accordance 
with Secs. 80.146, 80.147 and 80.148.

                          Voluntary Telegraphy



Sec. 80.1155  Radioprinter.

    Radioprinter operations provide record communications between 
authorized maritime mobile stations.
    (a) Supplementary eligibility requirements. Ships must be less than 
1600 gross tons.
    (b) Scope of communication. (1) Ship radioprinter communications may 
be conducted with an associated private coast station.
    (2) Ships authorized to communicate by radioprinter with a common 
private coast station may also conduct intership radioprinter 
operations.
    (3) Only those communications which are associated with the business 
and operational needs of the ship are authorized.
    (c) Assignment and use of frequencies. (1) Frequencies for 
radioprinter operations are shared by several radio services including 
the maritime mobile service.
    (2) Ship stations must conduct radioprinter operations only on 
frequencies assigned to their associated private coast station for that 
purpose.
    (d) Authorization procedure. The authorization procedure for ship 
station radioprinter operations is as follows:
    (1) The associated private coast station must submit an application 
for specific radioprinter frequencies and provide the names of ships to 
be served.
    (2) When the private coast station receives a radioprinter license, 
it must provide copies of their license to all ships with which they are 
authorized to conduct radioprinter operations. The private coast station 
license copy must be kept as part of the ship station license.
    (3) Any addition or deletion of ships must be notified to the 
Commission by letter.



Sec. 80.1157  Facsimile.

    Facsimile is a form of telegraphy for the transmission and receipt 
of fixed images. Ships must use facsimile techniques only with 
authorized public coast stations.



Sec. 80.1159  Narrow-band direct-printing (NB-DP).

    NB-DP is a form of telegraphy for the transmission and receipt of 
direct printing public correspondence. Ships must use NB-DP techniques 
only with authorized public coast stations.



Sec. 80.1161  Emergency position indicating radiobeacon (EPIRB).

    EPIRB transmissions must be used only under emergency conditions. 
The various classes of EPIRB's are described in subpart V of this part.

                           Voluntary Telephony



Sec. 80.1165  Assignment and use of frequencies.

    Frequencies for general radiotelephone purposes are available to 
ships in three radio frequency bands. Use of specific frequencies must 
meet the Commission's rules concerning the scope of service and the 
class of station with which communications are intended. The three 
frequency bands are:

[[Page 189]]

    (a) 156-158 MHz (VHF/FM Radiotelephone). Certain frequencies within 
this band are public correspondence frequencies and they must be used as 
working channels when communicating with public coast stations. Other 
working frequencies within the band are categorized by type of 
communications for which use is authorized when communicating with a 
private coast station or between ships. Subpart H of this part lists the 
frequencies and types of communications for which they are available.
    (b) 1600-4000 kHz (SSB Radiotelephone). Specific frequencies within 
this band are authorized for single sideband (SSB) communications with 
public and private coast stations or between ships. The specific 
frequencies are listed in subpart H of this part.
    (c) 4000-23000 kHz (SSB Radiotelephone). Specific frequencies within 
this band are authorized for SSB communications with public and private 
coast stations. The specific frequencies are listed in subpart H of this 
part.



Sec. 80.1169  [Reserved]



Sec. 80.1171  Assignment and use of frequencies.

    (a) The frequencies assignable to AMTS stations are listed in 
Sec. 80.385(a). These frequencies are assignable to ship and coast 
stations for voice, facsimile and radioteletypewriter communications.
    (b) [Reserved]

                         On-Board Communications



Sec. 80.1175  Scope of communications of on-board stations.

    (a) On-board stations communicate:
    (1) With other units of the same station for operational 
communications on the ship.
    (2) With on-board stations of another ship or shore facility to aid 
in oil pollution prevention during the transfer of 250 or more barrels 
of oil.
    (3) With other units of the same station in the immediate vicinity 
of the ship for operational communications related to docking, life boat 
and emergency drills or in the maneuvering of cargo barges and lighters.
    (b) An on-board station may communicate with a station in the 
Business Radio Service operating on the same frequency when the vessel 
on which the on-board station is installed is alongside the dock or 
cargo handling facility.



Sec. 80.1177  Assignment and use of frequencies.

    On-board frequencies are assignable only to ship stations. When an 
on-board repeater is used, paired frequencies must be used. On-board 
repeater frequencies must be used for single frequency simplex 
operations. On-board frequencies are listed in subpart H.



Sec. 80.1179  On-board repeater limitations.

    When an on-board repeater is used, the following limitations must be 
met:
    (a) The on-board repeater antenna must be located no higher than 3 
meters (10 feet) above the vessel's highest working deck.
    (b) Each on-board repeater must have a timer that deactivates the 
transmitter if the carrier remains on for more than 3 minutes.

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 80.1181  Station identification.

    (a) On-board stations must identify when:
    (1) The vessel is within 32 km (20 miles) of any coastline; or
    (2) The communications are likely to be received aboard another 
vessel.
    (b) Identification, when required, must be:
    (1) Transmitted at the beginning and the end of a series of 
communications. Whenever communications are sustained for a period 
exceeding 15 minutes, station identification must be transmitted at 
intervals not exceeding 15 minutes.
    (2) In English and must include the name of the vessel, followed by 
a number or name designating the respective mobile unit, for example: 
``S.S. United States Mobile One, this is Mobile Two.''

[51 FR 31213, Sept. 2, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993]

[[Page 190]]



Sec. 80.1183  Remote control for maneuvering or navigation.

    (a) An on-board station may be used for remote control of 
maneuvering or navigation control systems aboard the same ship or, where 
that ship is towing a second ship, aboard the towed ship.
    (b) The remote control system transmissions must contain a 
synchronization signal and a message signal composed of a documentation 
number group, a company control group, an actuation instruction group, 
and a termination of transmission group.
    (1) The synchronization signal must be the control character 
``SYN'', transmitted twice.
    (2) The message signal is composed of the following groups:
    (i) The documentation number group must be transmitted once and be 
the ship's U.S. Coast Guard documentation number or, if the ship is not 
documented, the call sign of the on-board station.
    (ii) The company control group, composed of three letters taken from 
AAA through ZZZ, which must be transmitted one time.
    (iiii) The actuation instruction group, composed of two letters 
taken from AA through ZZ, which must be transmitted one time.
    (iv) The termination of transmission group, composed of the control 
character ``EM'', which must be transmitted twice.
    (c) The receiving system must:
    (1) Reject any actuation instruction until it recognizes and accepts 
the company control group.
    (2) Reject any company control group until it recognizes and accepts 
the documentation number group.
    (d) The emission employed must be G2D. The provisions applicable to 
G3E emission are also applicable to G2D emission.
    (e) The binary information must be applied to the carrier as 
frequency-shift keying (FSK) of the standard tones 1070 and 1270 Hz. 
``0'' (low) must correspond to 1070 Hz and ``1'' (high) must correspond 
to 1270 Hz. The signalling rate must be 300 bits per second.
    (f) The alphabet employed must be the United States of America 
Standard Code for Information Interchange (USASCII), contained in the 
United States of America Standards Institute publication USAS X3.4-1968.
    (1) The bit sequence must be least significant bit first to most 
significant bit (bit 1 through 7), consecutively.
    (2) The character structure must consist of 8 bits (seven bits plus 
one character parity bit) having equal time intervals.
    (3) ``Odd'' parity is required.

                        Mobile-Satellite Stations



Sec. 80.1185  Supplemental eligibility for mobile-satellite stations.

    Stations in the maritime mobile-satellite service must meet the 
eligibility requirements contained in this section.
    (a) A station license for a ship earth station may be issued to:
    (1) The owner or operator of a ship.
    (2) A corporation proposing to furnish a nonprofit radio 
communication service to its parent corporation, to another subsidiary 
of the same parent, or to its own subsidiary, where the party to be 
served is the owner or operator of the ship aboard which the ship earth 
station is to be installed and operated.
    (b) A station license for a portable ship earth station may be 
issued to the owner or operator of portable earth station equipment 
proposing to furnish satellite communication services on board more than 
one ship or fixed offshore platform located in the marine environment.

[52 FR 27003, July 17, 1987, as amended at 54 FR 49995, Dec. 4, 1989]



Sec. 80.1187  Scope of communication.

    Ship earth stations must be used for telecommunications related to 
the business or operation of ships and for public correspondence of 
persons on board. Portable ship earth stations are authorized to meet 
the business, operational and public correspondence telecommunication 
needs of fixed offshore platforms located in the marine environment as 
well as ships. The types of emission are determined by the INMARSAT 
organization.

[52 FR 27003, July 17, 1987]



Sec. 80.1189  Portable ship earth stations.

    (a) Portable ship earth stations are authorized to operate on board 
more

[[Page 191]]

than one ship. Portable ship earth stations are also authorized to be 
operated on board fixed offshore platforms located in international or 
United States domestic waters.
    (b) Portable ship earth stations must meet the rule requirements of 
ship earth stations with the exeception of eligibility.
    (c) Where the license of the portable ship earth station is not the 
owner of the ship or fixed platform on which the station is located, the 
station must be operated with the permission of the owner or operator of 
the ship or fixed platform.

[52 FR 27003, July 17, 1987]

                           Radiodetermination



Sec. 80.1201  Special provisions for cable-repair ship stations.

    (a) A ship station may be authorized to use radio channels in the 
285-315 kHz band in Region 1 and 285-325 kHz in any other region for 
cable repair radiodetermination purposes under the following conditions:
    (1) The radio transmitting equipment attached to the cable-marker 
buoy associated with the ship station must be described in the station 
application;
    (2) The call sign used for the transmitter operating under the 
provisions of this section is the call sign of the ship station followed 
by the letters ``BT'' and the identifying number of the buoy.
    (3) The buoy transmitter must be continuously monitored by a 
licensed radiotelegraph operator on board the cable repair ship station; 
and
    (4) The transmitter must operate under the provisions in 
Sec. 80.375(b).



                Subpart Y--Competitive Bidding Procedures

    Source: 63 FR 40065, July 27, 1998, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 80.1251  Maritime communications services subject to competitive bidding.

    Mutually exclusive initial applications for VPCSA licenses, high 
seas public coast station licenses, and AMTS coast station licenses are 
subject to competitive bidding procedures. The procedures set forth in 
part 1, subpart Q of this chapter will apply unless otherwise provided 
in this part.



Sec. 80.1252  Designated entities.

    (a) This section addresses certain issues concerning designated 
entities in maritime communications services subject to competitive 
bidding. Issues that are not addressed in this section are governed by 
the designated entity provisions in part 1, subpart Q of this chapter.
    (b) Eligibility for small business provisions. (1) A small business 
is an entity that, together with its affiliates and controlling 
interests, has average gross revenues not to exceed $15 million for the 
preceding three years.
    (2) A very small business is an entity that, together with its 
affiliates and controlling interests, has average gross revenues not to 
exceed $3 million for the preceding three years.
    (3) For purposes of determining whether an entity meets either of 
the definitions set forth in paragraph (b)(1) or (b)(2) of this section, 
the gross revenues of the entity, its affiliates, and controlling 
interests shall be considered on a cumulative basis and aggregated.
    (4) Where an applicant or licensee cannot identify controlling 
interests under the standards set forth in this section, the gross 
revenues of all interest holders in the applicant, and their affiliates, 
will be attributable.
    (5) A consortium of small businesses (or a consortium of very small 
businesses) is a conglomerate organization formed as a joint venture 
between or among mutually independent business firms, each of which 
individually satisfies the definition in paragraph (b)(1) of this 
section (or each of which individually satisfies the definition in 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section). Where an applicant or licensee is a 
consortium of small businesses (or very small businesses), the gross 
revenues of each small business (or very small business) shall not be 
aggregated.
    (c) Controlling interest. (1) For purposes of this section, 
controlling interest includes individuals or entities with de jure and 
de facto control of the applicant. De jure control is greater than 50 
percent of the voting stock of a

[[Page 192]]

corporation, or in the case of a partnership, the general partner. De 
facto control is determined on a case-by-case basis. An entity must 
disclose its equity interest and demonstrate at least the following 
indicia of control to establish that it retains de facto control of the 
applicant:
    (i) The entity constitutes or appoints more than 50 percent of the 
board of directors or management committee;
    (ii) The entity has authority to appoint, promote, demote, and fire 
senior executives that control the day-to-day activities of the 
licensee; and
    (iii) The entity plays an integral role in management decisions.
    (2) Calculation of certain interests. (i) Ownership interests shall 
be calculated on a fully diluted basis; all agreements such as warrants, 
stock options and convertible debentures will generally be treated as if 
the rights thereunder already have been fully exercised.
    (ii) Partnership and other ownership interests and any stock 
interest equity, or outstanding stock, or outstanding voting stock shall 
be attributed as specified in paragraphs (c)(2)(iii) through (c)(2)(ix) 
of this section.
    (iii) Stock interests held in trust shall be attributed to any 
person who holds or shares the power to vote such stock, to any person 
who has the sole power to sell such stock, and, to any person who has 
the right to revoke the trust at will or to replace the trustee at will. 
If the trustee has a familial, personal, or extra-trust business 
relationship to the grantor or the beneficiary, the grantor or 
beneficiary, as appropriate, will be attributed with the stock interests 
held in trust.
    (iv) Non-voting stock shall be attributed as an interest in the 
issuing entity.
    (v) Limited partnership interests shall be attributed to limited 
partners and shall be calculated according to both the percentage of 
equity paid in and the percentage of distribution of profits and losses.
    (vi) Officers and directors of an entity shall be considered to have 
an attributable interest in the entity. The officers and directors of an 
entity that controls a licensee or applicant shall be considered to have 
an attributable interest in the licensee or applicant.
    (vii) Ownership interests that are held indirectly by any party 
through one or more intervening corporations will be determined by 
successive multiplication of the ownership percentages for each link in 
the vertical ownership chain and application of the relevant attribution 
benchmark to the resulting product, except that if the ownership 
percentage for an interest in any link in the chain exceeds 50 percent 
or represents actual control, it shall be treated as if it were a 100 
percent interest.
    (viii) Any person who manages the operations of an applicant or 
licensee pursuant to a management agreement shall be considered to have 
an attributable interest in such applicant or licensee if such person, 
or its affiliate pursuant to Sec. 1.2110(b)(4) of this chapter, has 
authority to make decisions or otherwise engage in practices or 
activities that determine, or significantly influence:
    (A) The nature or types of services offered by such an applicant or 
licensee;
    (B) The terms upon which such services are offered; or
    (C) The prices charged for such services.
    (ix) Any licensee or its affiliate who enters into a joint marketing 
arrangement with an applicant or licensee, or its affiliate, shall be 
considered to have an attributable interest, if such applicant or 
licensee, or its affiliate, has authority to make decisions or otherwise 
engage in practices or activities that determine, or significantly 
influence,
    (A) The nature or types of services offered by such an applicant or 
licensee;
    (B) The terms upon which such services are offered; or
    (C) The prices charged for such services.
    (d) A winning bidder that qualifies as a small business or a 
consortium of small businesses as defined in Sec. 80.1252(b)(1) or 
Sec. 80.1252(b)(5) of this subpart may use the bidding credit specified 
in Sec. 1.2110(e)(2)(ii) of this chapter. A winning bidder that 
qualifies as a very small business or a consortium of very small 
businesses as defined in

[[Page 193]]

Sec. 80.1252(b)(2) or Sec. 80.1252(b)(5) of this subpart may use the 
bidding credit specified in Sec. 1.2110(e)(2)(i) of this chapter.



PART 87--AVIATION SERVICES--Table of Contents




                     Subpart A--General Information

Sec.
87.1  Basis and purpose.
87.3  Other applicable rule parts.
87.5  Definitions.

                  Subpart B--Applications and Licenses

87.17  Scope.
87.18  Station license required.
87.19  Basic eligibility.
87.25  Filing of applications.
87.27  License term.
87.29  Partial grant of application.
87.35  Cancellation of license.
87.37  Developmental license.
87.39  Equipment acceptable for licensing.
87.41  Frequencies.
87.43  Operation during emergency.
87.45  Time in which station is placed in operation.
87.47  Application for a portable aircraft station license.
87.51  Aircraft earth station commissioning.

            Subpart C--Operating Requirements and Procedures

                         Operating Requirements

87.69  Maintenance tests.
87.71  Frequency measurements.
87.73  Transmitter adjustments and tests.
87.75  Maintenance of antenna structure marking and control equipment.
87.77  Availability for inspections.

                       Radio Operator Requirements

87.87  Classification of operator licenses and endorsements.
87.89  Minimum operator requirements.
87.91  Operation of transmitter controls.

                          Operating Procedures

87.103  Posting station license.
87.105  Availability of operator permit or license.
87.107  Station identification.
87.109  Station logs.
87.111  Suspension or discontinuance of operation.

                    Subpart D--Technical Requirements

87.131  Power and emissions.
87.133  Frequency stability.
87.135  Bandwidth of emission.
87.137  Types of emission.
87.139  Emission limitations.
87.141  Modulation requirements.
87.143  Transmitter control requirements.
87.145  Acceptability of transmitters for licensing.
87.147  Authorization of equipment.
87.149  Special requirements for automatic link establishment (ALE).

                         Subpart E--Frequencies

87.169  Scope.
87.171  Class of station symbols.
87.173  Frequencies.

                      Subpart F--Aircraft Stations

87.185  Scope of service.
87.187  Frequencies.
87.189  Requirements for public correspondence equipment and operations.
87.191  Foreign aircraft stations.

                     Emergency Locator Transmitters

87.193  Scope of service.
87.195  Frequencies.
87.197  ELT test procedures.
87.199  Special requirements for 406.025 MHz ELTs.

           Subpart G--Aeronautical Advisory Stations (Unicoms)

87.213  Scope of service.
87.215  Supplemental eligibility.
87.217  Frequencies.
87.219  Automatic operations.

                Subpart H--Aeronautical Multicom Stations

87.237  Scope of service.
87.239  Supplemental eligibility.
87.241  Frequencies.

     Subpart I--Aeronautical Enroute and Aeronautical Fixed Stations

                      Aeronautical Enroute Stations

87.261  Scope of service.
87.263  Frequencies.
87.265  Administrative communications.

                       Aeronautical Fixed Stations

87.275  Scope of service.
87.277  Supplemental eligibility.
87.279  Frequencies.

                     Subpart J--Flight Test Stations

87.299  Scope of service.
87.301  Supplemental eligibility.
87.303  Frequencies.
87.305  Frequency coordination.
87.307  Cooperative use of facilities.

                  Subpart K--Aviation Support Stations

87.319  Scope of service.

[[Page 194]]

87.321  Supplemental eligibility.
87.323  Frequencies.

             Subpart L--Aeronautical Utility Mobile Stations

87.345  Scope of service.
87.347  Supplemental eligibility.
87.349  Frequencies.
87.351  Frequency changes.

           Subpart M--Aeronautical Search and Rescue Stations

87.371  Scope of service.
87.373  Supplemental eligibility.
87.375  Frequencies.

                   Subpart N--Emergency Communications

87.393  Scope of service.
87.395  Plan for the Security Control of Air Traffic and Air Navigation 
          Aids (Short Title: SCATANA).
87.397  Emergency operations.

                Subpart O--Airport Control Tower Stations

87.417  Scope of service.
87.419  Supplemental eligibility.
87.421  Frequencies.
87.423  Hours of operation.
87.425  Interference.

                  Subpart P--Operational Fixed Stations

87.445  Scope of service.
87.447  Supplemental eligibility.
87.449  Frequencies.
87.451  Licensing limitations.

          Subpart Q--Stations in the Radiodetermination Service

87.471  Scope of service.
87.473  Supplemental eligibility.
87.475  Frequencies.
87.477  Condition of grant for radionavigation land stations.
87.479  Harmful interference to radionavigation land stations.
87.481  Unattended operation of domestic radiobeacon stations.

                  Subpart R--Civil Air Patrol Stations

87.501  Scope of service.
87.503  Supplemental eligibility.
87.505  Frequencies.

            Subpart S--Automatic Weather Stations (AWOS/ASOS)

87.525  Scope of service.
87.527  Supplemental eligibility.
87.529  Frequencies.

    Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 303 and 307(e), unless otherwise noted.

    Source: 53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, unless otherwise noted.



                     Subpart A--General Information



Sec. 87.1  Basis and purpose.

    This section contains the statutory basis and provides the purpose 
for which this part is issued.
    (a) Basis. The rules for the aviation services in this part are 
promulgated under the provisions of the Communications Act of 1934, as 
amended, which vests authority in the Federal Communications Commission 
(Commission) to regulate radio transmission and to issue licenses for 
radio stations. These rules conform with applicable statutes and 
international treaties, agreements and recommendations to which the 
United States is a party. The most significant of these documents are 
listed with the short title appearing in parentheses:
    (1) Communications Act of 1934, as amended--(Communications Act).
    (2) International Telecommunication Union Radio Regulations, in 
force for the United States--(Radio Regulations).
    (3) The Convention on International Civil Aviation--(ICAO 
Convention).
    (b) Purpose. This part states the conditions under which radio 
stations may be licensed and used in the aviation services. These rules 
do not govern U.S. Government radio stations.



Sec. 87.3  Other applicable rule parts.

    Other applicable CFR title 47 parts include:
    (a) Part 0 contains the Commission's organizations and delegations 
of authority. Part 0 also lists Commission publications, standards and 
procedures for access to Commission records and location of Commission 
monitoring stations.
    (b) Part 1 contains rules of practice and procedure for license 
applications, adjudicatory proceedings, rule making proceedings, 
procedures for reconsideration and review of the Commission's actions, 
provisions concerning violation notices and forfeiture proceedings, and 
the requirements for environmetal impact statements.

[[Page 195]]

    (c) Part 2 contains the Table of Frequency Allocations and special 
requirements in international regulations, recommendations, agreements, 
and treaties. This part also contains standards and procedures 
concerning marketing of radio frequency devices, and for obtaining 
equipment authorization.
    (d) Part 13 contains information and rules for the licensing of 
commercial radio operators.
    (e) Part 17 contains requirements for construction, marking and 
lighting of antenna towers.
    (f) Part 80 contains rules for the maritime services. Certain 
maritime frequencies are available for use by aircraft stations for 
distress and safety, public correspondence and operational 
communications.



Sec. 87.5  Definitions.

    Aeronautical advisory station (unicom). An aeronautical station used 
for advisory and civil defense communications primarily with private 
aircraft stations.
    Aeronautical enroute station. An aeronautical station which 
communicates with aircraft stations in flight status or with other 
aeronautical enroute stations.
    Aeronautical fixed service. A radiocommunication service between 
specified fixed points provided primarily for the safety of air 
navigation and for the regular, efficient and economical operation of 
air transport. A station in this service is an aeronautical fixed 
station.
    Aeronautical Mobile Off-Route (OR) Service. An aeronautical mobile 
service intended for communications, including those relating to flight 
coordination, primarily outside national or international civil air 
routes.(RR)
    Aeronautical Mobile Route (R) Service. An aeronautical mobile 
service reserved for communications relating to safety and regularity of 
flight, primarily along national or international civil air routes.(RR)
    Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite Off-Route (OR) Service. An 
aeronautical mobile-satellite service intended for communications, 
including those relating to flight coordination, primarily outside 
national and international civil air routes.(RR)
    Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite Route (R) Service. An aeronautical 
mobile-satellite service reserved for communications relating to safety 
and regularity of flights, primarily along national or international 
civil air routes.(RR)
    Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite Service. A mobile-satellite service in 
which mobile earth stations are located on board aircraft.
    Aeronautical mobile service. A mobile service between aeronautical 
stations and aircraft stations, or between aircraft stations, in which 
survival craft stations may also participate; emergency position-
indicating radiobeacon stations may also participate in this service on 
designated distress and emergency frequencies.
    Aeronautical multicom station. An aeronautical station used to 
provide communications to conduct the activities being performed by, or 
directed from, private aircraft.
    Aeronautical radionavigation service. A radionavigation service 
intended for the benefit and for the safe operation of aircraft.
    Aeronautical search and rescue station. An aeronautical station for 
communication with aircraft and other aeronautical search and rescue 
stations pertaining to search and rescue activities with aircraft.
    Aeronautical station. A land station in the aeronautical mobile 
service. In certain instances an aeronautical station may be located, 
for example, on board ship or on a platform at sea.
    Aeronautical utility mobile station. A mobile station used on 
airports for communications relating to vehicular ground traffic.
    Air carrier aircraft station. A mobile station on board an aircraft 
which is engaged in, or essential to, the transportation of passengers 
or cargo for hire.
    Aircraft earth station (AES). A mobile earth station in the 
aeronautical mobile-satellite service located on board an aircraft.
    Aircraft station. A mobile station in the aeronautical mobile 
service other than a survival craft station, located on board an 
aircraft.
    Airport. An area of land or water that is used or intended to be 
used for the

[[Page 196]]

landing and takeoff of aircraft, and includes its buildings and 
facilities, if any.
    Airport control tower (control tower) station. An aeronautical 
station providing communication between a control tower and aircraft.
    Automatic weather observation station (AWOS) or automatic surface 
observation station (ASOS). A land station located at an airport and 
used to automatically transmit weather information to aircraft.
    Aviation service organization. Any business firm which maintains 
facilities at an airport for the purposes of one or more of the 
following general aviation activities: (a) Aircraft fueling; (b) 
aircraft services (e.g. parking, storage, tie-downs); (c) aircraft 
maintenance or sales; (d) electronics equipment maintenance or sales; 
(e) aircraft rental, air taxi service or flight instructions; and (f) 
baggage and cargo handling, and other passenger or freight services.
    Aviation services. Radio-communication services for the operation of 
aircraft. These services include aeronautical fixed service, 
aeronautical mobile service, aeronautical radiodetermination service, 
and secondarily, the handling of public correspondence on frequencies in 
the maritime mobile and maritime mobile satellite services to and from 
aircraft.
    Aviation support station. An aeronautical station used to coordinate 
aviation services with aircraft and to communicate with aircraft engaged 
in unique or specialized activities. (See subpart K)
    Civil Air Patrol station. A station used exclusively for 
communications of the Civil Air Patrol.
    Emergency locator transmitter (ELT). A transmitter of an aircraft or 
a survival craft actuated manually or automatically that is used as an 
alerting and locating aid for survival purposes.
    Emergency locator transmitter (ELT) test station. A land station 
used for testing ELTs or for training in the use of ELTs.
    Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV). A booster rocket that can be used 
only once to launch a payload, such as a missile or space vehicle.
    Flight test aircraft station. An aircraft station used in the 
testing of aircraft or their major components.
    Flight test land station. An aeronautical station used in the 
testing of aircraft or their major components.
    Glide path station. A radionavigation land station which provides 
vertical guidance to aircraft during approach to landing.
    Instrument landing system (ILS). A radionavigation system which 
provides aircraft with horizontal and vertical guidance just before and 
during landing and, at certain fixed points, indicates the distance to 
the reference point of landing.
    Instrument landing system glide path. A system of vertical guidance 
embodied in the instrument landing system which indicates the vertical 
deviation of the aircraft from its optimum path of descent.
    Instrument landing system localizer. A system of horizontal guidance 
embodied in the instrument landing system which indicates the horizontal 
deviation of the aircraft from its optimum path of descent along the 
axis of the runway or along some other path when used as an offset.
    Land station. A station in the mobile service not intended to be 
used while in motion.
    Localizer station. A radionavigation land station which provides 
horizontal guidance to aircraft with respect to a runway center line.
    Marker beacon station. A radionavigation land station in the 
aeronautical radionavigation service which employs a marker beacon. A 
marker beacon is a transmitter which radiates vertically a distinctive 
pattern for providing position information to aircraft.
    Mean power (of a radio transmitter). The average power supplied to 
the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during an interval of 
time sufficiently long compared with the lowest frequency encountered in 
the modulation taken under normal operating conditions.
    Microwave landing system. An instrument landing system operating in 
the microwave spectrum that provides lateral and vertical guidance to 
aircraft having compatible avionics equipment.

[[Page 197]]

    Mobile service. A radiocommunication service between mobile and land 
stations, or between mobile stations. A mobile station is intended to be 
used while in motion or during halts at unspecified points.
    Operational fixed station. A fixed station, not open to public 
correspondence, operated by and for the sole use of persons operating 
their own radiocommunication facilities in the public safety, 
industrial, land transportation, marine, or aviation services.
    Peak envelope power (of a radio transmitter). The average power 
supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one 
radio frequency cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken 
under normal operating conditions.
    Private aircraft station. A mobile station on board an aircraft not 
operated as an air carrier. A station on board an air carrier aircraft 
weighing less than 12,500 pounds maximum certified takeoff gross weight 
may be licensed as a private aircraft station.
    Racon station. A radionavigation land station which employs a racon. 
A racon (radar beacon) is a transmitter-receiver associated with a fixed 
navigational mark, which when triggered by a radar, automatically 
returns a distinctive signal which can appear on the display of the 
triggering radar, providing range, bearing and identification 
information.
    Radar. A radiodetermination system based upon the comparison of 
reference signals with radio signals reflected, or re-transmitted, from 
the position to be determined.
    Radio altimeter. Radionavigation equipment, on board an aircraft or 
spacecraft, used to determine the height of the aircraft or spacecraft 
above the Earth's surface or another surface.
    Radiobeacon station. A station in the radionavigation service the 
emissions of which are intended to enable a mobile station to determine 
its bearing or direction in relation to the radiobeacon station.
    Radiodetermination service. A radiocommuncation service which uses 
radiodetermination. Radiodetermination is the determination of the 
position, velocity and/or other characteristics of an object, or the 
obtaining of information relating to these parameters, by means of the 
propagation of radio waves. A station in this service is called a 
radiodetermination station.
    Radiolocation service. A radiodetermination service for the purpose 
of radiolocation. Radiolocation is the use of radiodetermination for 
purposes other than those of radionavigation.
    Radionavigation land test stations. A radionavigation land station 
which is used to transmit information essential to the testing and 
calibration of aircraft navigational aids, receiving equipment, and 
interrogators at predetermined surface locations. The Maintenance Test 
Facility (MTF) is used primarily to permit maintenance testing by 
aircraft radio service personnel. The Operational Test Facility (OTF) is 
used primarily to permit the pilot to check a radionavigation system 
aboard the aircraft prior to takeoff.
    Radionavigation service. A radiodetermination service for the 
purpose of radionavigation. Radionavigation is the use of 
radiodetermination for the purpose of navigation, including obstruction 
warning.
    Re-usable launch vehicle (RLV). A booster rocket that can be 
recovered after launch, refurbished and re-launched.
    Surveillance radar station. A radionavigation land station in the 
aeronautical radionavigation service employing radar to display the 
presence of aircraft within its range.
    Survival craft station. A mobile station in the maritime or 
aeronautical mobile service intended solely for survival purposes and 
located on any lifeboat, life raft or other survival equipment.
    VHF Omni directional range station (VOR). A radionavigation land 
station in the aeronautical radionavigation service providing direct 
indication of the bearing (omni-bearing) of that station from an 
aircraft.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11719, Mar. 22, 1989; 54 
FR 49995, Dec. 4, 1989; 55 FR 4175, Feb. 7, 1990; 57 FR 45749, Oct. 5, 
1992; 64 FR 27474, May 20, 1999]

[[Page 198]]



                  Subpart B--Applications and Licenses



Sec. 87.17  Scope.

    Part 1 of the Commission's rules contains the general rules of 
practice and procedure applicable to proceedings before the Commission 
and for the filing of applications for radio station licenses in the 
aviation services. Specific guidance for each type of radio service 
license in aviation services is set forth in this part.

[63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.18  Station license required.

    (a) Except as noted in paragraph (b) of this section, stations in 
the aviation service must be licensed by the FCC either individually or 
by fleet.
    (b) An aircraft station is licensed by rule and does not need an 
individual license issued by the FCC if the aircraft station is not 
required by statute, treaty, or agreement to which the United States is 
signatory to carry a radio, and the aircraft station does not make 
international flights or communications. Even though an individual 
license is not required, an aircraft station licensed by rule must be 
operated in accordance with all applicable operating requirements, 
procedures, and technical specifications found in this part.

[61 FR 58011, Nov. 12, 1996]



Sec. 87.19  Basic eligibility.

    (a) General. Foreign governments or their representatives cannot 
hold station licenses.
    (b) Aeronautical enroute and aeronautical fixed stations. The 
following persons cannot hold an aeronautical enroute or an aeronautical 
fixed station license.
    (1) Any alien or the representative of any alien;
    (2) Any corporation organized under the laws of any foreign 
government;
    (3) Any corporation of which more than one-fifth of the capital 
stock is owned of record or voted by aliens or their representatives or 
by a foreign government or its representative, or by a corporation 
organized under the laws of a foreign country; or
    (4) Any corporation directly or indirectly controlled by any other 
corporation of which more than one-fourth of the capital stock is owned 
of record or voted by aliens, their representatives, or by a foreign 
government or its representatives, or by any corporation organized under 
the laws of a foreign country, if the Commission finds that the public 
interest will be served by the refusal or revocation of such license.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 61 FR 55581, Oct. 28, 1996]



Sec. 87.25  Filing of applications.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) An application must be filed with the Commission in accordance 
with part 1, subpart F of this chapter. Applications requiring fees as 
set forth at part 1, subpart G of this chapter must be filed in 
accordance with Sec. 0.401(b) of the rules.
    (c) One application may be submitted for the total number of 
aircraft stations in the fleet (fleet license).
    (d) One application for aeronautical land station license may be 
submitted for the total number of stations in the fleet.
    (e) One application for modification or transfer of control may be 
submitted for two or more stations when the individual stations are 
clearly identified and the following elements are the same for all 
existing or requested station licenses involved:
    (1) Applicant;
    (2) Specific details of request;
    (3) Rule part.
    (f) One application must be submitted for each Civil Air Patrol 
wing. The application must show the total number of transmitters to be 
authorized. The wing need not notify the Commission each time the number 
of transmitters is altered. Upon renewal, the wing must notify the 
Commission of any change in the total number of transmitters.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 56 FR 64715, Dec. 12, 1991; 63 
FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998; 64 FR 53241, Oct. 1, 1999]



Sec. 87.27  License term.

    (a) Licenses for aircraft stations will normally be issued for a 
term of ten

[[Page 199]]

years from the date of original issuance, or renewal.
    (b) Licenses other than aircraft stations in the aviation services 
will normally be issued for a term of five years from the date of 
original issuance, or renewal.
    (c) Licenses for developmental stations will be issued for a period 
not to exceed one year and are subject to change or to cancellation by 
the Commission at any time, upon reasonable notice but without a 
hearing.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 58 FR 68062, Dec. 23, 1993; 62 
FR 40308, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.29  Partial grant of application.

    Whenever the Commission, without a hearing, grants an application in 
part or with any privileges, terms, or conditions other than those 
requested, the action will be considered as a grant of the application 
unless the applicant, within 30 days from the date on which such grant 
is made, or from its effective date if a later day is specified, files 
with the Commission a written protest, rejecting the grant as made. Upon 
receipt of such protest, the Commission will vacate its original action 
upon the application and, if necessary, set the application for hearing.



Sec. 87.35  Cancellation of license.

    When a station permanently discontinues operation the station 
license must be canceled in accordance with the procedures set forth in 
part 1 of this chapter.

[63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.37  Developmental license.

    This section contains rules about the licensing of developmental 
operations subject to this part.
    (a) Showing required. Each application for a developmental license 
must be accompanied by the following showing:
    (1) The applicant has an organized plan of development leading to a 
specific objective;
    (2) A point has been reached in the program where actual 
transmission by radio is essential;
    (3) The program has reasonable promise of substantial contribution 
to the use of radio;
    (4) The program will be conducted by qualified personnel;
    (5) The applicant is legally qualified and possesses technical 
facilities for conduct of the program as proposed;
    (6) The public interest, convenience and necessity will be served by 
the proposed operation.
    (b) Signature and statement of understanding. The showing must be 
signed by the applicant.
    (c) Assignable frequencies. Developmental stations may be authorized 
to use frequencies available for the service and class of station 
proposed. The number of frequencies assigned will depend upon the 
specific requirements of the developmental program and the number of 
frequencies available.
    (d) Developmental program. (1) The developmental program as 
described by the applicant must be substantially followed.
    (2) Where some phases of the developmental program are not covered 
by the general rules of the Commission and the rules in this part, the 
Commission may specify supplemental or additional requirements or 
conditions as considered necessary in the public interest, convenience 
or necessity.
    (3) The Commission may, from time to time, require a station engaged 
in developmental work to conduct special tests which are reasonable and 
desirable to the authorized developmental program.
    (e) Use of developmental stations. (1) Developmental stations must 
conform to all applicable technical and operating requirements contained 
in this part, unless a waiver is specifically provided in the station 
license.
    (2) Communication with any station of a country other than the 
United States is prohibited unless specifically provided in the station 
license.
    (3) The operation of a developmental station must not cause harmful 
interference to stations regularly authorized to use the frequency.
    (f) Report of operation required. A report on the results of the 
developmental program must be filed within 60 days of the expiration of 
the license. A report must accompany a request for renewal of the 
license. Matters which the applicant does not wish to disclose publicly 
may be so labeled; they will be

[[Page 200]]

used solely for the Commission's information. However, public disclosure 
is governed by Sec. 0.467 of the Commission's rules. The report must 
include the following:
    (1) Results of operation to date.
    (2) Analysis of the results obtained.
    (3) Copies of any published reports.
    (4) Need for continuation of the program.
    (5) Number of hours of operation on each authorized frequency during 
the term of the license to the date of the report.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11719, Mar. 22, 1989; 63 
FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.39  Equipment acceptable for licensing.

    Transmitters listed in this part must be certificated for a 
particular use by the Commission based upon technical requirements 
contained in subpart D of this part.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 87.41  Frequencies.

    (a) Applicant responsibilities. The applicant must propose 
frequencies to be used by the station consistent with the applicant's 
eligibility, the proposed operation and the frequencies available for 
assignment. Applicants must cooperate in the selection and use of 
frequencies in order to minimize interference and obtain the most 
effective use of stations. See subpart E and the appropriate subpart 
applicable to the class of station being considered.
    (b) Licensing limitations. Frequencies are available for assignment 
to stations on a shared basis only and will not be assigned for the 
exclusive use of any licensee. The use of any assigned frequency may be 
restricted to one or more geographical areas.
    (c) Government frequencies. Frequencies allocated exclusively to 
federal government radio stations may be licensed. The applicant for a 
government frequency must provide a satisfactory showing that such 
assignment is required for inter-communication with government stations 
or required for coordination with activities of the federal government. 
The Commission will coordinate with the appropriate government agency 
before a government frequency is assigned.
    (d) Assigned frequency. The frequency coinciding with the center of 
an authorized bandwidth of emission must be specified as the assigned 
frequency. For single sideband emission, the carrier frequency must also 
be specified.



Sec. 87.43  Operation during emergency.

    A station may be used for emergency communications in a manner other 
than that specified in the station license or in the operating rules 
when normal communication facilities are disrupted. The Commission may 
order the discontinuance f any such emergency service.



Sec. 87.45  Time in which station is placed in operation.

    This section applies only to unicom stations and radionavigation 
land stations, excluding radionavigation land test stations. When a new 
license has been issued or additional operating frequencies have been 
authorized, the station or frequencies must be placed in operation no 
later than eight months from the date of grant. The licensee must notify 
the Commission in accordance with Sec. 1.946 of this chapter that the 
station or frequencies have been placed in operation.

[63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.47  Application for a portable aircraft station license.

    A person may apply for a portable aircraft radio station license if 
the need exists to operate the same station on more than one U.S. 
aircraft.



Sec. 87.51  Aircraft earth station commissioning.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Aircraft earth stations authorized to operate in the Inmarsat 
space segment must display the Commission license together with the 
commissioning certificate issued by Inmarsat. Notwithstanding the 
requirements of this paragraph, aircraft earth stations may operate in 
the Inmarsat space segment without an Inmarsat-issued commissioning 
certificate if written approval

[[Page 201]]

is obtained from Inmarsat in addition to the license from the 
Commission.

[57 FR 45749, Oct. 5, 1992, as amended at 63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



            Subpart C--Operating Requirements and Procedures

                         Operating Requirements



Sec. 87.69  Maintenance tests.

    The licensee may make routine maintenance tests on equipment other 
than emergency locator transmitters if there is no interference with the 
communications of any other station. Procedures for conducting tests on 
emergency locator transmitters are contained in subpart F.



Sec. 87.71  Frequency measurements.

    A licensed operator must measure the operating frequencies of all 
land-based transmitters at the following times:
    (a) When the transmitter is originally installed;
    (b) When any change or adjustment is made in the transmitter which 
may affect an operating frequency; or
    (c) When an operating frequency has shifted beyond tolerance.



Sec. 87.73  Transmitter adjustments and tests.

    A general radiotelephone operator must directly supervise and be 
responsible for all transmitter adjustments or tests during 
installation, servicing or maintenance of a radio station. A general 
radiotelephone operator must be responsible for the proper functioning 
of the station equipment.



Sec. 87.75  Maintenance of antenna structure marking and control equipment.

    The owner of each antenna structure required to be painted and/or 
illuminated under the provisions of Section 303(q) of the Communications 
Act of 1934, as amended, shall operate and maintain the antenna 
structure painting and lighting in accordance with part 17 of this 
chapter. In the event of default by the owner, each licensee or 
permittee shall be individually responsible for conforming to the 
requirements pertaining to antenna structure painting and lighting.

[61 FR 4368, Feb. 6, 1996]



Sec. 87.77  Availability for inspections.

    The licensee must make the station and its records available for 
inspection upon request.

                       Radio Operator Requirements



Sec. 87.87  Classification of operator licenses and endorsements.

    (a) Commercial radio operator licenses issued by the Commission are 
classified in accordance with the Radio Regulations of the International 
Telecommunication Union.
    (b) The following licenses are issued by the Commission. 
International classification, if different from the license name, is 
given in parentheses. The licenses and their alphanumeric designator are 
listed in descending order.
    (1) T-1 First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate
    (2) T-2 Second Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate
    (3) G General Radiotelephone Operator Licenes (radiotelephone 
operator's general certificate)
    (4) T-3 Third Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate 
(radiotelegraph operator's special certificate)
    (5) MP Marine Radio Operator Permit (radiotelephone operator's 
restricted certificate)
    (6) RP Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit (radiotelephone 
operator's restricted certificate)



Sec. 87.89  Minimum operator requirements.

    (a) A station operator must hold a commercial radio operator license 
or permit, except as listed in paragraph (d).
    (b) The minimum operator license or permit required for operation of 
each specific classification is:

                   Minimum Operator License or Permit

                       Land stations, all classes

--All frequencies except VHF telephony transmitters providing domestic 
service...............................................................RP

                     Aircraft stations, all classes

--Frequencies below 30 MHz allocated

[[Page 202]]

exclusively to aeronautical mobile services...........................RP
--Frequencies below 30 MHz not allocated exclusively to aeronautical 
mobile services.............................................MP or higher
--Frequencies above 30 MHz not allocated exclusively to aeronautical 
mobile services and assigned for international use..........MP or higher
--Frequencies above 30 MHz not assigned for international use.......none
--Frequencies not used solely for telephone or exceeding 250 watts 
carrier power or 1000 watts peak envelope power..............G or higher

    (c) The operator of a telephony station must directly supervise and 
be responsible for any other person who transmits from the station, and 
must ensure that such communications are in accordance with the station 
license.
    (d) No operator license is required to:
    (1) Operate an aircraft radar set, radio altimeter, transponder or 
other aircraft automatic radionavigation transmitter by flight 
personnel;
    (2) Test an emergency locator transmitter or a survival craft 
station used solely for survival purposes;
    (3) Operate an aeronautical enroute station which automatically 
transmits digital communications to aircraft stations;
    (4) Operate a VHF telephony transmitter providing domestic service 
or used on domestic flights.



Sec. 87.91  Operation of transmitter controls.

    The holder of a marine radio operator permit or a restricted 
radiotelephone operator permit must perform only transmitter operations 
which are controlled by external switches. These operators must not 
perform any internal adjustment of transmitter frequency determining 
elements. Further, the stability of the transmitter frequencies at a 
station operated by these operators must be maintained by the 
transmitter itself. When using an aircraft radio station on maritime 
mobile service frequencies the carrier power of the transmitter must not 
exceed 250 watts (emission A3E) or 1000 watts (emission R3E, H3E, or 
J3E).

                          Operating Procedures



Sec. 87.103  Posting station license.

    (a) Stations at fixed locations. The license or a photocopy must be 
posted or retained in the station's permanent records.
    (b) Aircraft radio stations. The license must be either posted in 
the aircraft or kept with the aircraft registration certificate. If a 
single authorization covers a fleet of aircraft, a copy of the license 
must be either posted in each aircraft or kept with each aircraft 
registration certificate.
    (c) Aeronautical mobile stations. The license must be retained as a 
permanent part of the station records.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11720, Mar. 22, 1989]



Sec. 87.105  Availability of operator permit or license.

    All operator permits or licenses must be readily available for 
inspection.



Sec. 87.107  Station identification.

    (a) Aircraft station. Identify by one of the following means:
    (1) Aircraft radio station call sign.
    (2) Assigned FCC control number (assigned to ultralight aircraft).
    (3) The type of aircraft followed by the characters of the 
registration marking (``N'' number) of the aircraft, omitting the prefix 
letter ``N''. When communication is initiated by a ground station, an 
aircraft station may use the type of aircraft followed by the last three 
characters of the registration marking.
    (4) The FAA assigned radiotelephony designator of the aircraft 
operating organization followed by the flight identification number.
    (5) An aircraft identification approved by the FAA for use by 
aircraft stations participating in an organized flying activity of short 
duration.
    (b) Land and fixed stations. Identify by means of radio station call 
sign, its location, its assigned FAA identifier, the name of the city 
area or airport which it serves, or any additional identification 
required. An aeronautical enroute station which is part of a 
multistation network may also be

[[Page 203]]

identified by the location of its control point.
    (c) Survival craft station. Identify by transmitting a reference to 
its parent aircraft. No identification is required when distress signals 
are transmitted automatically. Transmissions other than distress or 
emergency signals, such as equipment testing or adjustment, must be 
identified by the call sign or by the registration marking of the parent 
aircraft followed by a single digit other than 0 or 1.
    (d) Exempted station. The following types of stations are exempted 
from the use of a call sign: Airborne weather radar, radio altimeter, 
air traffic control transponder, distance measuring equipment, collision 
avoidance equipment, racon, radio relay, radionavigation land test 
station (MTF), and automatically controlled aeronautical enroute 
stations.



Sec. 87.109  Station logs.

    A station at a fixed location in the international aeronautical 
mobile service must maintain a written or automatic log in accordance 
with Paragraph 3.5, Volume II, Annex 10 of the ICAO Convention.



Sec. 87.111  Suspension or discontinuance of operation.

    The licensee of any airport control tower station or radionavigation 
land station must notify the nearest FAA regional office upon the 
temporary suspension or permanent discontinuance of the station. The FAA 
center must be notified again when service resumes.

[54 FR 11720, Mar. 22, 1989]



                    Subpart D--Technical Requirements



Sec. 87.131  Power and emissions.

    The following table lists authorized emissions and maximum power. 
Power must be determined by direct measurement.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Authorized emission(s)
          Class of station            Frequency band/frequency            \9\               Maximum power \1\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aeronautical advisory...............  VHF.....................  A3E....................  10 watts.\10\
Aeronautical multicom...............  VHF.....................  A3E....................  10 watts.
Aeronautical enroute and              HF......................  R3E, H3E, J3E, J7B, H2B  6 kw.
 aeronautical fixed.
                                      HF......................  A1A, F1B, J2A, J2B.....  1.5 kw.
                                      VHF.....................  A3E, A9W, G1D..........  200 watts.\2\
Aeronautical search and rescue......  VHF.....................  A3E....................  10 watts.
                                      HF......................  R3E, H3E, J3E..........  100 watts.
Operational fixed...................  VHF.....................  G3E, F2D...............  30 watts.
Flight test land....................  VHF.....................  A3E....................  200 watts.
                                      UHF.....................  F2D, F9D, F7D..........  25 watts.\3\
                                      HF......................  H2B, J3E, J7D, J9W.....  6.0 kw.
Aviation support....................  VHF.....................  A3E....................  50 watts.
Airport control tower...............  VHF.....................  A3E, G1D, G7D..........  50 watts.
                                      Below 400 kHz...........  A3E....................  15 watts.
Aeronautical utility mobile.........  VHF.....................  A3E....................  10 watts.
Radionavigation land test...........  108.150 MHz.............  A9W....................  1 milliwatt.
                                      334.550 MHz.............  A1N....................  1 milliwatt.
                                      Other VHF...............  M1A, XXA, A1A, A1N,      1 watt.
                                                                 A2A, A2D, A9W.
                                      Other UHF...............  M1A, XXA, A1A, A1N,      1 watt.
                                                                 A2A, A2D, A9W.
                                      5031.0 MHz..............  F7D....................  1 watt.
Radionavigation land................  Various \4\.............  Various \4\............  Various.\4\
 
                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Aeronautical Frequencies
 
                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Aeronautical Frequencies
                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aircraft (Communication)............  UHF.....................  F2D, F9D, F7D..........  25 watts.
                                      VHF.....................  A3E, A9W, G1D, G7D.....  55 watts.
                                      HF......................  R3E, H3E, J3E, J7B,      400 watts.
                                                                 H2B, J7D, J9W.
                                      HF......................  A1A, F1B, J2A, J2B.....  100 watts.
                                                                Marine Frequencies \5\
 
                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      156.300 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      156.375 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      156.400 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      156.425 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.

[[Page 204]]

 
                                      156.450 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      156.625 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      156.800 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      156.900 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      157.425 MHz.............  G3E....................  5 watts.
                                      HF \6\..................  R3E, H3E, J3E, J2B,      1000 watts.
                                                                 F1B, A3E.               250 watts.
                                      MF \6\..................  R3E, H3E, J3E, J2B, F1B  1000 watts.
                                      HF \6\..................  A3E....................  250 watts.
(Radionavigation)...................  Various \7\.............  Various \7\............  Various.\7\
Aircraft earth......................  UHF.....................  G1D, G1E, G1W..........  60 watts.\8\
Differential GPS....................  VHF.....................  G7D....................  Various.\2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The power is measured at the transmitter output terminals and the type of power is determined according to
  the emission designator as follows:
(i) Mean power (pY) for amplitude modulated emissions and transmitting both sidebands using unmodulated full
  carrier.
(ii) Peak envelope power (pX) for all emission designators other than those referred to in paragraph (i) of this
  note.
\2\ Power and antenna height are restricted to the minimum necessary to achieve the required service.
\3\ Transmitter power may be increased to overcome line and duplexer losses but must not exceed 25 watts
  delivered to the antenna.
\4\ Frequency, emission, and maximum power will be determined after coordination with appropriate Government
  agencies.
\5\ To be used with airborne marine equipment certificated for part 80 (ship) and used in accordance with part
  87.
\6\ Applicable onIy to marine frequencies used for public correspondence.
\7\ Frequency, emission, and maximum power will be determined by appropriate standards during the certification
  process.
\8\ Power may not exceed 60 watts per carrier. The maximum EIRP may not exceed 2000 watts per carrier.
\9\ Excludes automatic link establishment.
\10\ Power is limited to 0.5 watt, but may not exceed 2 watts when station is used in an automatic unattended
  mode.

[54 FR 11720, Mar. 22, 1989, as amended at 57 FR 45749, Oct. 5, 1992; 62 
FR 40308, July 28, 1997; 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998; 64 FR 27474, May 20, 
1999; 66 FR 26798, May 15, 2001]



Sec. 87.133  Frequency stability.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c), (d), and (f) of this 
section, the carrier frequency of each station must be maintained within 
these tolerances:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Frequency band (lower limit
 exclusive, upper limit inclusive),  Tolerance \1\      Tolerance \2\
     and categories of stations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Band-9 to 535 kHz:
  Aeronautical stations............          100    100
  Aircraft stations................          200    100
  Survival craft stations on 500           5,000    20 Hz \3\
   kHz.
  Radionavigation stations.........          100    100
(2) Band-1605 to 4000 kHz:
  Aeronautical fixed stations:
    Power 200 W or less............          100    100 \8\
    Power above 200 W..............           50    50 \8\
  Aeronautical stations:
    Power 200 W or less............      100 \7\    100 \7\, \8\
    Power above 200 W..............       50 \7\    50 \7\, \8\
  Aircraft stations................      100 \7\    100 \7\
  Survival craft stations on 2182            200    20 Hz \3\
   kHz.
(3) Band-4 to 29.7 MHz:
  Aeronautical fixed stations:
    Power 500 W or less............           50    ....................
    Power above 500 W..............           15    ....................
  Single-sideband and Independent-
   sideband emission:
    Power 500 W or less............                 50 Hz
    Power above 500 W..............                 20 Hz
  Class F1B emissions..............                 10 Hz
  Other classes of emission:
    Power 500 W or less............                 20
    Power above 500 W..............                 10
  Aeronautical stations:
    Power 500 W or less............      \7\ 100    100 \7\
    Power above 500 W..............       \7\ 50    50 \7\
  Aircraft stations................      \7\ 100    100 \7\
  Survival craft stations on 8364            200    50 Hz \3\
   kHz.
(4) Band-29.7 to 100 MHz:
  Aeronautical fixed stations:
    Power 200 W or less............           50    ....................
    Power above 200 W..............           30    ....................
    Power 50 W or less.............                 30
    Power above 50 W...............                 20
  Operational fixed stations:
    73-74.6 MHz (Power 50 W or                50    30
     less).
    73-74.6 MHz (Power above 50 W).           20    20
    72-73.0 MHz and 75.4-76.0 MHz..            5    5
  Radionavigation stations.........          100    50
(5) Band-108 to 137 MHz:
    Aeronautical stations..........       \4\ 50    \12\ 20
  Emergency locator transmitter               50    50
   test stations.
  Survival craft stations on 121.5            50    50
   MHz.
  Emergency locator stations.......           50    50
    Aircraft and other mobile             \5\ 50    \13\ 30
     stations in the Aviation
     Services.
  Radionavigation stations.........           20    20
  Differential GPS.................                 2
(6) Band-137 to 470MHz:
  Aeronautical stations............           50    20
  Survival craft stations on 243              50    50
   MHz.
  Aircraft stations................       50 \5\    30 \10\
  Radionavigation stations.........           50    50
  Emergency locator transmitters on          N/A    5
   406 MHz.
(7) Band-470 to 2450 MHz:
  Aeronautical stations............          100    20
  Aircraft stations................          100    20
  Aircraft earth station...........                 320 Hz \11\
  Radionavigation stations:
    470-960 MHz....................          500    500
    960-1215 MHz...................           20    20

[[Page 205]]

 
    1215-2450 MHz..................          500    500
(8) Band-2450 to 10500 MHz:
  Radionavigation stations.........  \6\, \9\ 1250  1250 \6\, \9\
(9) Band-10.5 GHz to 40 GHz:
  Radionavigation stations.........         5000    5000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ This tolerance is the maximum permitted until January 1, 1990, for
  transmitters installed before January 2, 1985, and used at the same
  installation. Tolerance is indicated in parts in 10 \6\ unless shown
  as Hertz (Hz).
\2\ This tolerance is the maximum permitted after January 1, 1985 for
  new and replacement transmitters and to all transmitters after January
  1, 1990. Tolerance is indicated in parts in 10 \6\ unless shown as
  Hertz (Hz).
\3\ For transmitters first approved after November 30, 1977.
\4\ The tolerance for transmitters approved between January 1, 1966, and
  January 1, 1974, is 30 parts in 10 \6\. The tolerance for transmitters
  approved after January 1, 1974, and stations using offset carrier
  techniques is 20 parts in 10 \6\.
\5\ The tolerance for transmitters approved after January 1, 1974, is 30
  parts in 10 \6\.
\6\ In the 5000 to 5250 MHz band, the FAA requires a tolerance of 10 kHz for Microwave Landing System stations which are to be a
  part of the National Airspace System (FAR 171).
\7\ For single-sideband transmitters operating in the frequency bands
  1605-4000 kHz and 4-29.7 MHz which are allocated exclusively to the
  Aeronautical Mobile (R) Service, the tolerance is: Aeronautical
  stations, 10 Hz; aircraft stations, 20 Hz.
\8\ For single-sideband radiotelephone transmitters the tolerance is: In
  the bands 1605-4000 kHz and 4-29.7 MHz for peak envelope powers of 200
  W or less and 500 W or less, respectively, 50 Hz; in the bands 1605-
  4000 kHz and 4-29.7 MHz for peak envelope powers above 200 W and 500
  W, respectively, 20 Hz.
\9\ Where specific frequencies are not assigned to radar stations, the
  bandwidth occupied by the emissions of such stations must be
  maintained within the band allocated to the service and the indicated
  tolerance does not apply.
\10\ Until January 1, 1997, the maximum frequency tolerance for
  transmitters with 50 kHz channel spacing installed before January 2,
  1985, is 50 parts in 10 \6\.
\11\ For purposes of certification, a tolerance of 160 Hz applies to the
  reference oscillator of the AES transmitter. This is a bench test.
\12\ For emissions G1D and G7D, the tolerance is 2 parts per 106.
\13\ For emissions G1D and G7D, the tolerance is 5 parts per 106.

    (b) The power shown in paragraph (a) of this section is the peak 
envelope power for single-sideband transmitters and the mean power for 
all other transmitters.
    (c) For single-sideband transmitters, the tolerance is:

(1) All aeronautical stations on land other than Civil Air Patrol.....10 
                                                                      Hz
(2) All aircraft stations other than Civil Air Patrol..............20 Hz
(3) Civil Air Patrol Stations......................................50 Hz

    (d) For radar transmitters, except non-pulse signal radio 
altimeters, the frequency at which maximum emission occurs must be 
within the authorized frequency band and must not be closer than 1.5/T 
MHz to the upper and lower limits of the authorized bandwidth, where T 
is the pulse duration in microseconds.
    (e) The Commission may authorize tolerances other than those 
specified in this section upon a satisfactory showing of need.
    (f) The carrier frequency tolerance of transmitters operating in the 
1435-1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz bands manufactured before January 2, 
1985, is 0.003 percent. The carrier frequency tolerance of transmitters 
operating in the 1435-1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz bands manufactured 
after January 1, 1985, is 0.002 percent. After January 1, 1990, the 
carrier frequency tolerance of all transmitters operating in the 1435-
1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz bands is 0.002 percent.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 56 FR 38084, Aug. 12, 1991; 57 
FR 45749, Oct. 5, 1992; 58 FR 31027, May 26, 1993; 63 FR 36607, July 7, 
1998; 64 FR 27474, May 20, 1999; 66 FR 26799, May 15, 2001]



Sec. 87.135  Bandwidth of emission.

    (a) Occupied bandwidth is the width of a frequency band such that, 
below the lower and above the upper frequency limits, the mean powers 
emitted are each equal to 0.5 percent of the total mean power of a given 
emission.
    (b) The authorized bandwidth is the maximum occupied bandwidth 
authorized to be used by a station.
    (c) The necessary bandwidth for a given class of emission is the 
width of the frequency band which is just sufficient to ensure the 
transmission of information at the rate and with the quality required 
under specified conditions.



Sec. 87.137  Types of emission.

    (a) The assignable emissions, corresponding emission designators and 
authorized bandwidths are as follows:

[[Page 206]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Authorized bandwidth (kilohertz)
                                                                            ------------------------------------
             Class of emission                     Emission designator         Below 50     Above 50   Frequency
                                                                                 MHz          MHz      deviation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A1A \1\....................................  100HA1A                               0.25
A1N........................................  300HA1N                                            0.75
A2A........................................  2K04A2A                               2.74        50
A2D........................................  6K0A2D                                            50
A2D \5\....................................  13K0A2D                                           50
A3E \2\....................................  6K00A3E                                       \3\ 50
A3E........................................  3K20A3E \15\                                 \15\ 25
A3X \4\....................................  3K20A3X                                           25
A9W \5\....................................  13K0A9W                                           25
F1B \1\....................................  1K70F1B                               1.7
F1B \1\....................................  2K40F1B                               2.5
F2D........................................  5M0F2D                                         (\9\)
F3E \6\....................................  16K0F3E                                           20             5
F3E \7\....................................  36K0F3E                                           40            15
F7D \8\....................................  5M0F7D                                         (\9\)
F9D........................................  5M0F9D                                         (\9\)
G1D........................................  16K0G1D                                        20kHz
G1D \16\...................................  21K0G1D                                           25
G1D........................................  14K0G1D                         ...........       25      .........
G1E \16\...................................  21K0G1E                                           25
G1W \16\...................................  21K0G1W                                           25
G3E \6\....................................  16K0G3E                                           20             5
G7D........................................  14K0G7D                                           25
H2B \10\ \11\..............................  2K80H2B                               3.0
H3E \11\ \12\..............................  2K80H3E                               3.0
J2A \1\....................................  100HJ2A                               0.25
J2B \1\....................................  1K70J2B                               1.7
                                             2K40J2B                               2.5
J3E \11\ \12\..............................  2K80J3E                               3.0
J7B \11\...................................  2K80J7B                               3.0
J7D........................................  5M0J7D                                         (\9\)
J9W \11\...................................  2K80J9W                               3.0
M1A........................................  620HM1A
NON........................................  NON                                          None \15\
PON \13\...................................  (\9\)                                          (\9\)
R3E \11\ \12\..............................  2K80R3E                               3.0
XXA \14\...................................  1K12XXA                               2.74
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notes:
\1\ A1A, F1B, J2A and J2B are permitted provided they do not cause harmful interference to H2B, J3E, J7B and
  J9W.
\2\ For use with an authorized bandwidth of 8.0 kilohertz at radiobeacon stations. A3E will not be authorized:
(i) At existing radiobeacon stations that are not authorized to use A3 and at new radiobeacon stations unless
  specifically recommended by the FAA for safety purposes.
(ii) At existing radiobeacon stations currently authorized to use A3, subsequent to January 1, 1990, unless
  specifically recommended by the FAA for safety purposes.
\3\ In the band 117.975-136 MHz, the authorized bandwidth is 25 kHz for transmitters approved after January 1,
  1974.
\4\ Applicable only to Survival Craft Stations and to the emergency locator transmitters and emergency locator
  transmitter test stations employing modulation in accordance with that specified in Sec.  87.141 of the Rules.
  The specified bandwidth and modulation requirements shall apply to emergency locator transmitters for which
  approval is granted after October 21, 1973.
\5\ This emission may be authorized for audio frequency shift keying and phase shift keying for digital data
  links on any frequency listed in Sec.  87.263(a)(1), Sec.  87.263(a)(3) or Sec.  87.263(a)(5). 13K0A2D
  emission may be authorized on frequencies not used for voice communications. If the channel is used for voice
  communications, 13K0A9W emission may be authorized, provided the data is multiplexed on the voice carrier
  without derogating voice communications.
\6\ Applicable to operational fixed stations in the bands 72.0-73.0 MHz and 75.4-76.0 MHz and to CAP stations
  using F3 on 143.900 MHz and 148.150 MHz.
\7\ Applicable to operational fixed stations presently authorized in the band 73.0-74.6 MHz.
\8\ The authorized bandwidth is equal to the necessary bandwidth for frequency or digitally modulated
  transmitters used in aeronautical telemetering and associated aeronautical telemetry or telecommand stations
  operating in the 1435-1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz bands. The necessary bandwidth must be computed in accordance
  with part 2 of this chapter.
\9\ To be specified on license.
\10\ H2B must be used by stations employing digital selective calling.
\11\ For A1A, F1B and single sideband emissions, except H2B, the assigned frequency must be 1400 Hz above the
  carrier frequency.
\12\ R3E, H3E, and J3E will be authorized only below 25000 kHz. Only H2B, J3E, J7B, and J9W are authorized,
  except that A3E and H3E may be used only on 3023 kHz and 5680 kHz for search and rescue operations.
\13\ The letters ``K, L, M, Q, V, W, and X'' may also be used in place of the letter ``P'' for pulsed radars.
\14\ Authorized for use at radiobeacon stations.
\15\ Applicable only to transmitters of survival craft stations, emergency locator transmitter stations and
  emergency locator transmitter test stations approved after October 21, 1973.
\16\ Authorized for use by aircraft earth stations. Lower values of necessary and authorized bandwidth are
  permitted.


[[Page 207]]

    (b) For other emissions, an applicant must determine the emission 
designator by using part 2 of this chapter.
    (c) A license to use radiotelephony includes the use of tone signals 
or signaling devices whose sole function is to establish or maintain 
voice communications.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 7333, Mar. 1, 1990; 55 
FR 13535, Apr. 11, 1990; 55 FR 28627, July 12, 1990; 56 FR 11518, Mar. 
19, 1991; 57 FR 45749, Oct. 5, 1992; 58 FR 30127, May 26, 1993; 63 FR 
36607, July 7, 1998; 63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998; 64 FR 27475, May 20, 
1999; 66 FR 26799, May 15, 2001]



Sec. 87.139  Emission limitations.

    (a) Except for ELTs and when using single sideband (R3E, H3E, J3E), 
or frequency modulation (F9) or digital modulation (F9Y) for telemetry 
or telecommand in the frequency bands 1435-1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz or 
digital modulation (G7D) for differential GPS, the mean power of any 
emission must be attenuated below the mean power of the transmitter (pY) 
as follows:
    (1) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 50 percent up to and including 100 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth the attenuation must be at least 25 dB;
    (2) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 100 percent up to and including 250 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth the attenuation must be at least 35 dB.
    (3) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth the attenuation for 
aircraft station transmitters must be at least 40 dB; and the 
attenuation for aeronautical station transmitters must be at least 43 + 
10 log10 pY dB.
    (b) For aircraft station transmitters and for aeronautical station 
transmitters first installed before February 1, 1983, and using H2B, 
H3E, J3E, J7B or J9W, the mean power of any emissions must be attenuated 
below the mean power of the transmitter (pY) as follows:
    (1) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 50 percent up to and including 150 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth of 4.0 kHz, the attenuation must be at least 25 dB.
    (2) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 150 percent up to and including 250 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth of 4.0 kHz, the attenuation must be at least 35 dB.
    (3) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth of 4.0 kHz for 
aircraft station transmitters the attenuation must be at least 40 dB; 
and for aeronautical station transmitters the attenuation must be at 
least 43 + 10 log10 pY dB.
    (c) For aircraft station transmitters first installed after February 
1, 1983, and for aeronautical station transmitters in use after February 
1, 1983, and using H2B, H3E, J3E, J7B or J9W, the peak envelope power of 
any emissions must be attenuated below the peak envelope power of the 
transmitter (pX) as follows:
    (1) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 50 percent up to and including 150 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth of 3.0 kHz, the attenuation must be at least 30 dB.
    (2) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 150 percent up to and including 250 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth of 3.0 kHz, the attenuation must be at least 38 dB.
    (3) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by 
more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth of 3.0 kHz for 
aircraft transmitters the attenuation must be at least 43 dB. For 
aeronautical station transmitters with transmitter power up to and 
including 50 watts the attenuation must be at least 43 + 10 
log10 pX dB and with transmitter power more than 50 watts the 
attenuation must be at least 60 dB.
    (d) Except for telemetry in the 1435-1535 MHz band, when the 
frequency is removed from the assigned frequency by more than 250 
percent of the authorized bandwidth for aircraft stations above 30 MHz 
and all ground stations the attenuation must be at least 43+10 
log10 pY dB.
    (e) When using frequency modulation or digital modulation for 
telemetry or telecommand in the 1435-1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz 
frequency bands with an

[[Page 208]]

authorized bandwidth equal to or less than 1 MHz the emissions must be 
attenuated as follows:
    (1) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 100 percent of the authorized bandwidth up to and including 100 
percent plus 0.5 MHz, the attenuation must be at least 60 dB, when 
measured in a 3.0 kHz bandwidth. This signal need not be attenuated more 
than 25 dB below 1 milliwatt.
    (2) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 100 percent of the authorized bandwidth plus 0.5 MHz, the 
attenuation must be at least 55 + 10 log10 pY dB when 
measured in a 3.0 kHz bandwidth.
    (f) When using frequency modulation or digital modulation for 
telemetry or telecommand in the 1435-1535 MHz or 2310-2390 MHz frequency 
bands with an authorized bandwidth greater than 1 MHz, the emissions 
must be attenuated as follows:
    (1) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent of the authorized bandwidth plus 0.5 MHz up to and 
including 50 percent of the authorized bandwidth plus 1.0 MHz, the 
attenuation must be 60 dB, when measured in a 3.0 kHz bandwidth. The 
signal need not be attenuated more than 25 dB below 1 milliwatt.
    (2) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent of the authorized bandwidth plus 1.0 MHz, the 
attenuation must be at least 55 + 10 log10 pY dB, when 
measured in a 3.0 kHz bandwidth.
    (g) The requirements of paragraphs (e) and (f) of this section apply 
to transmitters approved after January 1, 1977, and to all transmitters 
first installed after January 1, 1983.
    (h) For ELTs operating on 121.500 MHz, 243.000 MHz and 406.025 MHz 
the mean power of any emission must be attenuated below the mean power 
of the transmitter (pY) as follows:
    (1) When the frequency is moved from the assigned frequency by more 
than 50 percent up to and including 100 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth the attenuation must be at least 25 dB;
    (2) When the frequency is removed from the assigned frequency my 
more than 100 percent of the authorized bandwidth the attenuation must 
be at least 30 dB.
    (i) In case of conflict with other provisions of Sec. 87.139, the 
provisions of this paragraph shall govern for aircraft earth stations. 
When using G1D, G1E, or G1W emissions in the 1646.5-1660.5 MHz frequency 
band, the emissions must be attenuated as shown below.
    (1) At rated output power, while transmitting a modulated single 
carrier, the composite spurious and noise output shall be attenuated 
below the mean power of the transmitter, pY, by at least:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Frequency
    (MHz)                        Attenuation (dB) \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
   .005-1559  83 or (65+10 log10 pY), whichever is greater.
  1559-18000  55 or (37+10 log10 pY) \2\, whichever is greater.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ These values are expressed in dB below the carrier referenced to a 4
  kHz bandwidth and relative to the maximum emission envelope level.
\2\ Excluding the frequency band of +/-35 kHz or +/-4.00 x the symbol
  rate (SR), about the carrier frequency, whichever is the greater
  exclusion.

    (2) For transmitters rated at 60 watts or less:
    When transmitting two unmodulated carriers, each 3 dB below the 
rated power, the mean power of any intermodulation products must be at 
least 24 dB below the mean power of either carrier.
    (3) The transmitter emission limit is a function of the modulation 
type and symbol rate (SR). Symbol Rate is expressed in symbols per 
second.
    (4) While transmitting a single modulated signal at the rated output 
power of the transmitter, the emissions must be attenuated below the 
maximum emission level by at least:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Attenuation
            Frequency Offset (normalized to SR)                  (dB)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
+/-0.75 x SR...............................................           0
+/-1.40 x SR...............................................          20
+/-2.80 x SR...............................................          40
+/-4.00 x SR or +/-35 kHz..................................          Fm
Whichever is greater.......................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Where:

Fm = 55 or (37+10log10 pY), whichever is greater
SR = Symbol Rate
SR = 1 x channel rate for BPSK
SR = 0.5 x channel rate for QPSK

    The mask shall be defined by drawing straight lines through the 
above points.

[[Page 209]]

    (j) When using G7D for differential GPS in the 112-118 MHz band, the 
amount of power during transmission under all operating conditions when 
measured over a 25 kHz bandwidth centered on either of the second 
adjacent channels shall not exceed -25 dBm and shall decrease 5 dB per 
octave until -52 dBm.
    (k) For VHF aeronautical stations and aircraft stations operating 
with G1D or G7D emissions:
    (1) The amount of power measured across either first adjacent 25 kHz 
channel shall not exceed 0 dBm.
    (2) The amount of power measured across either second adjacent 
channel share less than -25 dBm and the power measured in any other 
adjacent 25 kHz channels shall monotonically decrease at a rate of at 
least 5 dB per octave to a maximum value of -52 dBm.
    (3) The amount of power measured over a 16 kHz channel bandwidth 
centered on the first adjacent 25 kHz channel shall not exceed -20 dBm.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 56 FR 11518, Mar. 19, 1991; 57 
FR 45749, Oct. 5, 1992; 58 FR 30127, May 26, 1993; 58 FR 67695, Dec. 22, 
1993; 59 FR 35269, July 11, 1994; 63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998; 64 FR 
27475, May 20, 1999; 66 FR 26799, May 15, 2001]



Sec. 87.141  Modulation requirements.

    (a) When A3E emission is used, the modulation percentage must not 
exceed 100 percent. This requirement does not apply to emergency locator 
transmitters or survival craft transmitters.
    (b) A double sideband full carrier amplitude modulated 
radiotelephone transmitter with rated carrier power output exceeding 10 
watts must be capable of automatically preventing modulation in excess 
of 100 percent.
    (c) If any licensed radiotelephone transmitter causes harmful 
interference to any authorized radio service because of excessive 
modulation, the Commission will require the use of the transmitter to be 
discontinued until it is rendered capable of automatically preventing 
modulation in excess of 100 percent.
    (d) Single sideband transmitters must be able to operate in the 
following modes:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Level N(dB) of the carrier with
             Carrier mode                respect to peak envelope power
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Full carrier (H3E)...................  O>N>-6.
Suppressed carrier (J3E).............  Aircraft stations N-26;
                                       Aeronautical stations N-40.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (e) Each frequency modulated transmitter operating in the band 72.0-
76.0 MHz must have a modulation limiter.
    (f) Each frequency modulated transmitter equipped with a modulation 
limiter must have a low pass filter between the modulation limiter and 
the modulated stage. At audio frequencies between 3 kHz and 15 kHz, the 
filter must have an attenuation greater than the attenuation at 1 kHz by 
at least 40 log10 (f/3) db where ``f'' is the frequency in 
kilohertz. Above 15 kHz, the attenuation must be at least 28 db greater 
than the attenuation at 1 kHz.
    (g) Except that symmetric side bands are not required, the 
modulation characteristics for ELTs must be in accordance with 
specifications contained in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) 
Technical Standard Order (TSO) Document TSO-C91a titled ``Emergency 
Locator Transmitter (ELT) Equipment'' dated April 29, 1985. TSO-C91a is 
incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). TSO-C91a 
may be obtained from the Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation 
Administration, Office of Airworthiness, 800 Independence Avenue SW., 
Washington DC 20591.
    (h) ELTs must use A3X emission and may use A3E or NON emissions on 
an optional basis while transmitting. Each transmission of a synthesized 
or recorded voice message from an ELT must be preceded by the words 
``this is a recording''; transmission of A3E or NON emission must not 
exceed 90 seconds; and any transmission of A3E or NON emissions must be 
followed by at least three minutes of A3X emission.
    (i) ELTs manufactured on or after October 1, 1988, must have a 
clearly defined carrier frequency distinct from the modulation sidebands 
for the mandatory emission, A3X, and, if used, the A3E or NON emissions. 
On 121.500 MHz at least thirty per cent of the total power emitted 
during any transmission cycle with or without modulation must be 
contained within plus or minus 30

[[Page 210]]

Hz of the carrier frequency. On 243.000 MHz at least thirty percent of 
the total power emitted during any transmission cycle with or without 
modulation must be contained within plus or minus 60 Hz of the carrier 
frequency. Additionally, if the type of emission is changed during 
transmission, the carrier frequency must not shift more than plus or 
minus 30 Hz on 121.500 MHz and not more than plus or minus 60Hz on 
243.000 MHz. The long term stability of the carrier frequency must 
comply with the requirements in Sec. 87.133 of this part.
    (j) Transmitters used at Aircraft earth stations must employ BPSK 
for transmission rates up to and including 2400 bits per second, and 
QPSK for higher rates.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11721, Mar. 22, 1989; 56 
FR 11518, Mar. 19, 1991; 57 FR 45749, Oct. 5, 1992]



Sec. 87.143  Transmitter control requirements.

    (a) Each transmitter must be installed so that it is not accessible 
to, or capable of being operated by persons other than those authorized 
by the licensee.
    (b) Each station must be provided with a control point at the 
location of the transmitting equipment, unless otherwise specifically 
authorized. Except for aeronautical enroute stations governed by 
paragraph (e) of this section, a control point is the location at which 
the radio operator is stationed. It is the position at which the 
transmitter(s) can immediately be turned off.
    (c) Applicants for additional control points at aeronautical 
advisory (unicom) stations must specify the location of each proposed 
control point.
    (d) Except for aeronautical enroute stations governed by paragraph 
(f) of this section, the control point must have the following 
facilities installed:
    (1) A device that indicates when the transmitter is radiating or 
when the transmitter control circuits have been switched on. This 
requirement does not apply to aircraft stations;
    (2) Aurally monitoring of all transmissions originating at dispatch 
points;
    (3) A way to disconnect dispatch points from the transmitter; and
    (4) A way to turn off the transmitter.
    (e) A dispatch point is an operating position subordinate to the 
control point. Dispatch points may be installed without authorization 
from the Commission, and dispatch point operators are not required to be 
licensed.
    (f) In the aeronautical enroute service, the control point for an 
automatically controlled enroute station is the computer facility which 
controls the transmitter. Any computer controlled transmitter must be 
equipped to automatically shut down after 3 minutes of continuous 
transmission of an unmodulated carrier.



Sec. 87.145  Acceptability of transmitters for licensing.

    (a) Each transmitter must be certificated for use in these services, 
except as listed in paragraph (c) of this section. However, aircraft 
stations which transmit on maritime mobile frequencies must use 
transmitters certificated for use in ship stations in accordance with 
part 80 of this chapter. Certification under part 80 is not required for 
aircraft earth stations transmitting on maritime mobile-satellite 
frequencies. Such stations must be certificated under part 87.
    (b) Some radio equipment installed on air carrier aircraft must meet 
the requirements of the Commission and the requirements of the FAA. The 
FAA requirements may be obtained from the FAA, Aircraft Maintenance 
Division, 800 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20591.
    (c) The equipment listed below is exempted from certification. The 
operation of transmitters which have not been certificated must not 
result in harmful interference due to the failure of those transmitters 
to comply with technical standards of this subpart.
    (1) Development or Civil Air Patrol transmitters.
    (2) Flight test station transmitters for limited periods where 
justified.
    (3) U.S. Government transmitters furnished in the performance of a 
U.S. Government contract if the use of certificated equipment would 
increase the

[[Page 211]]

cost of the contract or if the transmitter will be incorporated in the 
finished product. However, such equipment must meet the technical 
standards contained in this subpart.
    (4) ELTs verified in accordance with Sec. 87.147(e).
    (5) Signal generators when used as radionavigation land test 
stations (MTF).
    (d) Aircraft earth stations must correct their transmit frequencies 
for Doppler effect relative to the satellite. The transmitted signal may 
not deviate more than 335 Hz from the desired transmit frequency. (This 
is a root sum square error which assumes zero error for the received 
ground earth station signal and includes the AES transmit/receive 
frequency reference error and the AES automatic frequency control 
residual errors.) The applicant must attest that the equipment provides 
adequate Doppler effect compensation and where applicable, that 
measurements have been made that demonstrate compliance. Submission of 
data demonstrating compliance is not required unless requested by the 
Commission.

[63 FR 36607, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 87.147  Authorization of equipment.

    (a) Certification may be requested by following the procedures in 
part 2 of this chapter. Aircraft transmitters must meet the requirements 
over an ambient temperature range of -20 degrees to +50 degrees Celsius.
    (b) ELTs manufactured after October 1, 1988, must meet the output 
power characteristics contained in Sec. 87.141(i) when tested in 
accordance with the Signal Enhancement Test contained in subpart N, part 
2 of this chapter. A report of the measurements must be submitted with 
each application for certification. ELTs that meet the output power 
characteristics of the section must have a permanent label prominently 
displayed on the outer casing state, ``Meets FCC Rule for improved 
satellite detection.'' This label, however, must not be placed on the 
equipment without authorization to do so by the Commission. Application 
for such authorization may be made either by submission of a new 
application for certification accompanied by the required fee and all 
information and test data required by parts 2 and 87 of this chapter or, 
for ELTs approved prior to October 1, 1988, a letter requesting such 
authorization, including appropriate test data and a showing that all 
units produced under the original equipment authorization comply with 
the requirements of this paragraph without change to the original 
circuitry.
    (c) An applicant for a station license may request certification for 
an individual transmitter by following the procedure in part 2 of this 
chapter. Such a transmitter will be individually certified and so noted 
on the station license.
    (d) An applicant for certification of equipment intended for 
transmission in any of the frequency bands listed in paragraph (d)(3) of 
this section must notify the FAA of the filing of a certification 
application. The letter of notification must be mailed to: FAA, Spectrum 
Engineering Division, 800 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC 20591 no 
later than the date of filing of the application with the Commission.
    (1) The notification must describe the equipment, give the 
manufacturer's identification, antenna characteristics, rated output 
power, emission type and characteristics, the frequency or frequencies 
of operation, and essential receiver characteristics if protection is 
required.
    (2) The certification application must include a copy of the 
notification letter to the FAA. The Commission will not act for 21 days 
after receipt of the application to afford the FAA an opportunity to 
comment. If the FAA objects to the application for equipment 
authorization, it should mail its objection with a showing that the 
equipment is incompatible with the National Airspace System to: Office 
of Engineering and Technology Laboratory, Authorization and Evaluation 
Division, 7435 Oakland Mills Rd., Columbia, MD 21046. If the Commission 
receives such an objection, the Commission will consider the FAA showing 
before taking final action on the application.
    (3) The frequency bands are as follows:

74.800 MHz to 75.200 MHz
108.000 MHz to 137.000 MHz
328.600 MHz to 335.400 MHz
960.000 MHz to 1215.000 MHz

[[Page 212]]

1559.000 to 1626.500 MHz
1646.500 MHz to 1660.500 MHz
5000.000 MHz to 5250.000 MHz
14.000 GHz to 14.400 GHz
15.400 GHz to 15.700 GHz
24.250 GHz to 25.250 GHz
31.800 GHz to 33.400 GHz

    (e) Verification reports for ELTs capable of operating on the 
frequency 406.025 MHz must include sufficient documentation to show that 
the ELT meets the requirements of Sec. 87.199(a). A letter notifying the 
FAA of the ELT verification must be mailed to: FAA, Spectrum Engineering 
Division, 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11721, Mar. 22, 1989; 56 
FR 11518, Mar. 19, 1991; 57 FR 45750, Oct. 5, 1992; 58 FR 30127, May 26, 
1993; 58 FR 67696, Dec. 22, 1993; 63 FR 36608, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 87.149  Special requirements for automatic link establishment (ALE).

    Brief signalling for the purposes of measuring the quality of a 
radio channel and thereafter establishing communication shall be 
permitted within the 2 MHz-30 MHz band. Public coast stations licensed 
under part 80 of this chapter providing high seas service are authorized 
by rule to use such signalling under the following conditions:
    (a) The transmitter power shall not exceed 100 W ERP;
    (b) Transmissions must sweep linearly in frequency at a rate of at 
least 60 kHz per second, occupying any 3 kHz bandwidth for less than 50 
milliseconds;
    (c) The transmitter shall scan the band no more than four times per 
hour;
    (d) Transmissions within 6 kHz of the following protected 
frequencies and frequency bands must not exceed 10 W peak ERP:
    (1) Protected frequencies (kHz)

2091.0         4188.0         6312.0         12290.0        16420.0
2174.5         4207.5         8257.0         12392.0        16522.0
2182.0         5000.0         8291.0         12520.0        16695.0
2187.5         5167.5         8357.5         12563.0        16750.0
2500.0         5680.0         8364.0         12577.0        16804.5
3023.0         6215.0         8375.0         15000.0        20000.0
4000.0         6268.0         8414.5         16000.0        25000.0
4177.5         6282.0         10000.0
 

    (2) Protected bands (kHz)

4125.0-4128.0
8376.25-8386.75
13360.0-13410.0
25500.0-25670.0

    (e) The instantaneous signal, which refers to the peak power that 
would be measured with the frequency sweep stopped, along with spurious 
emissions generated from the sweeping signal, must be attenuated below 
the peak carrier power (in watts) as follows:
    (1) On any frequency more than 5 Hz from the instantaneous carrier 
frequency, at least 3 dB;
    (2) On any frequency more than 250 Hz from the instantaneous carrier 
frequency, at least 40 dB; and
    (3) On any frequency more than 7.5 kHz from the instantaneous 
carrier frequency, at least 43 + 10log10 (peak power in 
watts) db.

[62 FR 40308, July 28, 1997]



                         Subpart E--Frequencies



Sec. 87.169  Scope.

    This subpart contains class of station symbols and a frequency table 
which lists assignable frequencies. Frequencies in the Aviation Services 
will transmit communications for the safe, expeditious, and economic 
operation of aircraft and the protection of life and property in the 
air. Each class of land station and Civil Air Patrol station may 
communicate in accordance with the particular sections of this part 
which govern these classes. Land stations in the Aviation Services in 
Alaska may transmit messages concerning sickness, death, weather, ice 
conditions or other matters relating to safety of life and property if 
there is no other established means of communications between the points 
in question and no charge is made for the communications service.



Sec. 87.171  Class of station symbols.

    The two or three letter symbols for the classes of station in the 
aviation services are:

                       Symbol and class of station

AX--Aeronautical fixed
AXO--Aeronautical operational fixed
DGP--Differential GPS
FA--Aeronautical land (unspecified)
FAU--Aeronautical advisory (unicom)
FAC--Airport control tower
FAE--Aeronautical enroute
FAM--Aeronautical multicom

[[Page 213]]

FAP--Civil Air Patrol
FAR--Aeronautical search and rescue
FAS--Aviation support
FAT--Flight test
FAW--Automatic weather observation
MA--Aircraft (Air carrier and Private)
MA1--Air carrier aircraft only
MA2--Private aircraft only
MOU--Aeronautical utility mobile
MRT--ELT test
RL--Radionavigation land (unspecified)
RLA--Marker beacon
RLB--Radiobeacon
RLG--Glide path
RLL--Localizer
RLO--VHF omni-range
RLS--Surveillance radar
RLT--Radionavigation land test
RLW--Microwave landing system
TJ--Aircraft earth station in the Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite Service

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 57 FR 45750, Oct. 5, 1992; 64 
FR 27475, May 20, 1999]



Sec. 87.173  Frequencies.

    (a) The table in paragraph (b) of this section lists assignable 
carrier frequencies or frequency bands.
    (1) The single letter symbol appearing in the ``Subpart'' column 
indicates the subpart of this part which contains additional applicable 
regulations.
    (2) The two or three letter symbol appearing in the ``Class of 
Station'' column indicates the class of station to which the frequency 
is assignable.
    (b) Frequency table:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Frequency or frequency band               Subpart             Class of station              Remarks
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
90-110 kHz...........................  Q                       RL                        LORAN``C''.
190-285 kHz..........................  Q                       RLB                       Radiobeacons.
200-285 kHz..........................  O                       FAC                       Air traffic control.
325-405 kHz..........................  O                       FAC                       Air traffic control.
325-435 kHz..........................  Q                       RLB                       Radiobeacons.
410.0 kHz............................  F                       MA                        International direction-
                                                                                          finding for use
                                                                                          outside of U.S.
457.0 kHz............................  F                       MA                        Working frequency for
                                                                                          aircraft on over water
                                                                                          flights.
500.0 kHz............................  F                       MA                        International calling
                                                                                          and distress frequency
                                                                                          for ships and aircraft
                                                                                          on over water flights.
510.525 kHz..........................  Q                       RLB                       Radiobeacons.
2182.0 kHz...........................  F                       MA                        International distress
                                                                                          and calling.
2371.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
2374.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
2648.0 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska station.
2851.0 kHz...........................  I, J                    MA, FAE, FAT              International HF (AFI);
                                                                                          Flight test.
2854.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
2866.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF (Alaska).
2869.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP).
2872.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
2875.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
2878.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA1, FAE                  Domestic HF;
                                                                                          International HF
                                                                                          (AFI).
2887.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
2899.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
2911.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
2932.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NP).
2935.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
2944.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAM
                                                                                          and MID).
2956.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
2962.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
2971.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
2992.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
2998.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP).
3004.0 kHz...........................  I, J                    MA, FAE, FAT              International HF (NCA);
                                                                                          Flight test.
3013.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
3016.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA,
                                                                                          NAT).
3019.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA1, FAE                  Domestic HF;
                                                                                          International HF (
                                                                                          (NCA).
3023.0 kHz...........................  F, M, O                 MA1, FAR, FAC             Search and rescue
                                                                                          communications.
3281.0 kHz...........................  K                       MA, FAS                   Lighter-than-air craft
                                                                                          and aeronautical
                                                                                          stations serving
                                                                                          lighter-than-air
                                                                                          craft.
3413.0 kHz...........................  I                        MA, FAE                  International HF (CEP).
3419.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
3425.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
3434.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA1, FAE                  Domestic HF.
3443.0 kHz...........................  J                       MA, FAT
3449.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
3452.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
3455.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR,
                                                                                          CWP).
3467.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          MID, SP).
3470.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF and
                                                                                          International HF
                                                                                          (SEA).

[[Page 214]]

 
3473.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
3476.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (INO,
                                                                                          NAT).
3479.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EUR,
                                                                                          SAM).
3485.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA,
                                                                                          SEA).
3491.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA).
3494.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
4125.0 kHz...........................  F                       MA                        Distress and safety
                                                                                          with ships and coast
                                                                                          stations.
4466.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4469.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4506.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4509.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4550.0 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Gulf of Mexico.
4582.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4585.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4601.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4604.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4627.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4630.0 kHz...........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
4645.0 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska.
4657.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          CEP).
4666.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP).
4669.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID,
                                                                                          SAM).
4672.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA1, FAE                  Domestic HF.
4675.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
4678.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA).
4947.5 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska.
5036.0 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Gulf of Mexico.
5122.5 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska.
5167.5 kHz...........................  I                       FA                        Alaska emergency.
5310.0 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska.
5451.0 kHz...........................  J                       MA, FAT
5463.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA1, FAE                  Domestic HF.
5469.0 kHz...........................  J                       MA, FAT
5427.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
5484.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
5490.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
5493.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
5496.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
5508.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA1, FAE                  Domestic HF.
5520.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
5526.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAM).
5529.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
5538.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
5547.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP).
5550.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
5559.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SP).
5565.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
5571.0 kHz...........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
5574.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP).
5598.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
5616.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
5628.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NP).
5631.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
5634.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (INO).
5643.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SP).
5646.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA).
5649.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT,
                                                                                          SEA).
5652.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          CWP).
5655.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA,
                                                                                          SEA).
5658.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          MID).
5661.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP,
                                                                                          EUR).
5664.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA).
5667.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
5670.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA).
5680.0 kHz...........................  F, M, O                 MA1, FAC, FAR             Search and rescue
                                                                                          communications.
5887.5 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska.
6532.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP).
6535.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
6550.0 kHz...........................  J                       MA, FAT
6556.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SEA).
6559.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
6562.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP).
6571.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA).
6574.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).

[[Page 215]]

 
6577.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
6580.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
6586.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
6592.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA).
6598.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EUR).
6604.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
6622.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
6625.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
6628.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
6631.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
6637.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
6640.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
6649.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAM).
6655.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NP).
6661.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NP).
6673.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          CEP).
8015.0 kHz...........................  I                       AX                        Alaska.
8364.0 kHz...........................  F                       MA,                       Search and rescue
                                                                                          communications.
8822.0 kHz...........................  J                       MA, FAT
8825.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
8831.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
8843.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP).
8846.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
8855.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF;
                                                                                          International HF
                                                                                          (SAM).
8861.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
8864.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
8867.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SP).
8876.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
8879.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (INO,
                                                                                          NAT).
8891.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
8894.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
8897.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA).
8903.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          CWP).
8906.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
8918.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR,
                                                                                          MID).
8933.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
8942.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SEA).
8951.0 kHz...........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
10018.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
10024.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAM).
10033.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
10042.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA).
10045.0 kHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT
10048.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NP).
10057.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP).
10066.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF;
                                                                                          International HF
                                                                                          (SEA).
10075.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
10081.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP).
10084.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EUR,
                                                                                          SP).
10096.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA,
                                                                                          SAM).
11279.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
11282.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP).
11288.0 kHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT
11291.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
11300.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
11306.0 kHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT
11309.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
11327.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SP).
11330.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          NP).
11336.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
11342.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
11348.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
11357.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
11360.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAM).
11363.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic HF.
11375.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (MID).
11384.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CWP).
11387.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR).
11396.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR,
                                                                                          EA, SEA).
13273.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
13288.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          EUR, MID).
13291.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
13294.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI).
13297.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR,
                                                                                          EA, SAM).

[[Page 216]]

 
13300.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP,
                                                                                          CWP, NP, SP).
13303.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA,
                                                                                          NCA).
13306.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (INO,
                                                                                          NAT).
13309.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (EA,
                                                                                          SEA).
13312.0 kHz..........................  I, J                    MA, FAE, FAT              International HF (MID);
                                                                                          Flight test.
13315.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA,
                                                                                          SAT).
13318.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SEA).
13330.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
13348.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
13357.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
17904.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CEP,
                                                                                          CWP, NP, SP).
17907.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (CAR,
                                                                                          EA, SAM, SEA).
17925.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
17946.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NAT).
17955.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (SAT).
17958.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (NCA).
17961.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International HF (AFI,
                                                                                          EUR, INO, MID).
17964.0 kHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT
21931.0 kHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT
21964.0 kHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Long distance
                                                                                          operational control.
26618.5 kHz..........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
26620.0 kHz..........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
26621.5 kHz..........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
72.020-75.980 MHz....................  P                       FA, AXO                   Operational fixed; 20
                                                                                          kHz spacing.
75.000 MHz...........................  Q                       RLA                       Marker beacon.
108.000 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
108.000-117.950 MHz..................  Q                       RLO                       VHF omni-range.
108.050 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
108.100-111.950 MHz..................  Q                       RLL                       ILS localizer.
108.100 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
108.150 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
112-118 MHz..........................  Q                       DGP                       Differential GPS.
118.000-121.400 MHz..................  O                       MA, FAC, FAW              25 kHz channel spacing.
121.500 MHz..........................  G, H, I, J, K, M, O     MA, FAU, FAE, FAT, FAS,   Emergency and distress.
                                                                FAC, FAM, FAP
121.600-121.925 MHz..................  O, L, Q                 MA, FAC, MOU, RLT         25 kHz channel spacing.
121.950 MHz..........................  K                       FAS                       .......................
121.975 MHz..........................  F                       MA2, FAW                  Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
122.000 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        Air carrier and private
                                                                                          aircraft enroute
                                                                                          flight advisory
                                                                                          service provided by
                                                                                          FAA.
122.025 MHz..........................  F                       MA2, FAW                  Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
122.050 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
122.075 MHz..........................  F                       MA2, FAW                  Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
122.100 MHz..........................  F, O                    MA, FAC                   Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
122.125-122.675......................  F                       MA2                       Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations; 25 kHz
                                                                                          spacing.
122.700 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA, FAU, MOU              Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
122.725 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA2, FAU, MOU             Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
122.750 MHz..........................  F                       MA2                       Private fixed wing
                                                                                          aircraft air-to-air
                                                                                          communications.
122.775 MHz..........................  K                       MA, FAS                   .......................
122.800 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA, FAU, MOU              Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
122.825 MHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic VHF
122.850 MHz..........................  H, K,                   MA, FAM, FAS              .......................
122.875 MHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic VHF
122.900 MHz..........................  F, H, L                 MA, FAR, FAM, MOU         .......................
                                       M
122.925 MHz..........................  H                       MA2, FAM                  .......................
122.950 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA2, FAU, MOU             Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
122.975 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA2, FAU, MOU             Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
123.000 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA, FAU, MOU              Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
123.025 MHz..........................  F                       MA2                       Helicopter air-to-air
                                                                                          communications; Air
                                                                                          traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
123.050 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA2, FAU, MOU             Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.
123.075 MHz..........................  G, L                    MA2, FAU, MOU             Unicom at airports with
                                                                                          no control tower;
                                                                                          Aeronautical utility
                                                                                          stations.

[[Page 217]]

 
123.100 MHz..........................  M, O                    MA, FAC, FAR              .......................
123.125 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   Itinerant.
123.150 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   Itinerant.
123.175 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   Itinerant.
123.200 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.225 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.250 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.275 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.300 MHz..........................  K                       MA, FAS                   .......................
123.325 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.350 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.375 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.400 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   Itinerant.
123.425 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.450 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.475 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.500 MHz..........................  K                       MA, FAS                   .......................
123.525 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.550 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   .......................
123.575 MHz..........................  J                       MA, FAT                   Itinerant.
123.6-128.8 MHz......................  O                       MA, FAC, FAW              25 kHz channel spacing.
128.825-132.000 MHz..................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic VHF; 25 kHz
                                                                                          channel spacing.
132.025-135.975 MHz..................  O                       MA, FAC, FAW              25 kHz channel spacing.
136.000-136.400 MHz..................  O, S                    MA, FAC, FAW              Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations; 25 kHz
                                                                                          channel
                                                                                         spacing.
136.425 MHz..........................  O, S                    MA, FAC, FAW              Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
136.450 MHz..........................  O, S                    MA, FAC, FAW              Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
136.475 MHz..........................  O, S                    MA, FAC, FAW              Air traffic control
                                                                                          operations.
136.500-136.875 MHz..................  I                       MA, FAE                   Domestic VHF; 25 kHz
                                                                                          channel spacing.
136.900 MHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International and
                                                                                          domestic VHF.
136.925 MHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International and
                                                                                          domestic VHF.
136.950 MHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International and
                                                                                          domestic VHF.
136.975 MHz..........................  I                       MA, FAE                   International and
                                                                                          domestic VHF.
143.75 MHz...........................  R                       MA,FAP                    Civil Air Patrol.
143.900 MHz..........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
148.150 MHz..........................  R                       MA, FAP                   Civil Air Patrol.
156.300 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
156.375 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions;
                                                                                          Not authorized in New
                                                                                          Oreleans vessel
                                                                                          traffic service area.
156.400 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
156.425 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
156.450 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
156.625 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
156.800 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        Distress, safety and
                                                                                          calling frequency; For
                                                                                          communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
156.900 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          ship stations under
                                                                                          specific conditions.
157.425 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        For communications with
                                                                                          commercial fishing
                                                                                          vessels under specific
                                                                                          conditions except in
                                                                                          Great Lakes and St.
                                                                                          Lawrence Seaway areas.
243.000 MHz..........................  F                       MA                        Emergency and distress
                                                                                          frequency for use of
                                                                                          survival craft and
                                                                                          emergency locator
                                                                                          transmitters.
328.600-335.400 MHz..................  Q                       RLG                       ILS glide path.
334.550 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
334.700 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
406.25 MHz...........................  F, G, H, I, J, K, M, O  MA, FAU, FAE, FAT, FAS,   Emergency and distress.
                                                                FAC, FAM, FAP
960-1215 MHz.........................  F, Q                    MA, RL                    Electronic aids to air
                                                                                          navigation.
978.000 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
979.000 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
1030.000 MHz.........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
1104.000 MHz.........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
979.000 MHz..........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
1300-1350 MHz........................  F, Q                    MA, RLS                   Surveillance radars and
                                                                                          transponders.
1435-1535 MHz........................  F, J                    MA, FAT                   Aeronautical telemetry
                                                                                          and telecommand
                                                                                          operations.
1559-1626.5 MHz......................  F, Q                    MA, RL                    Aeronautical
                                                                                          radionavigation.

[[Page 218]]

 
1646.5-1660.5 MHz....................  F                       TJ                        Aeronautical Mobile-
                                                                                          Satellite (R).
2310-2390 MHz........................  J                       MA, FAT                   Aeronautical telemetry
                                                                                          and telecommand
                                                                                          operations.
2700-2900 MHz........................  Q                       RLS                       Airport surveillance
                                                                                          and weather radar.
4200-4400 MHz........................  F                       MA                        Radio altimeters.
5000-5250 MHz........................  Q                       MA, RLW                   Microwave landing
                                                                                          system.
5031.000 MHz.........................  Q                       RLT                       .......................
5350-5470 MHz........................  F                       MA                        Airborne radars and
                                                                                          associated airborne
                                                                                          beacons.
8750-8850 MHz........................  F                       MA                        Airborne doppler radar.
9000-9200 MHz........................  Q                       RLS                       Land-based radar.
9300-9500 MHz........................  F, Q                    MA                        Airborne radars and
                                                                                          associated airborne
                                                                                          beacons.
13250-13400 MHz......................  F                       MA                        Airborne doppler radar.
14000-14400 MHz......................  F, Q                    MA, RL                    Aeronautical
                                                                                          radionavigation.
15400-15700 MHz......................  Q                       RL                        Aeronautical
                                                                                          radionavigation.
24750-25050 MHz......................  F, Q                    MA, RL                    Aeronautical
                                                                                          radionavigation.
32300-33400 MHz......................  F, Q                    MA, RL                    Aeronautical
                                                                                          radionavigation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11721, Mar. 22, 1989; 55 
FR 7333, Mar. 1, 1990; 55 FR 28628, July 12, 1990; 56 FR 21083, May 7, 
1991; 56 FR 51656, Oct. 15, 1991; 57 FR 45750, Oct. 5, 1992; 58 FR 
30127, May 26, 1993; 64 FR 27475, May 20, 1999; 65 FR 59357, Oct. 5, 
2000; 65 FR 60112, Oct. 10, 2000; 66 FR 26799, May 15, 2001]



                      Subpart F--Aircraft Stations



Sec. 87.185  Scope of service.

    (a) Aircraft stations must limit their communications to the 
necessities of safe, efficient, and economic operation of aircraft and 
the protection of life and property in the air, except as otherwise 
specifically provided in this part. Contact with an aeronautical land 
station must only be attempted when the aircraft is within the serivce 
area of the land station. however, aircraft stations may transmit 
advisory information on air traffic control, unicom or aeronautical 
multicom frequencies for the benefit and use of other stations 
monitoring these frequencies in accordance with FAA recommended traffic 
advisory practices.
    (b) Aircraft public correspondence service must be made available to 
all persons without discrimination and on reasonable demand, and must 
communicate without discrimination with any public coast station or 
mobile-satellite earth station authorized to provide aircraft public 
correspondence service.
    (c) Aircraft public correspondence service on maritime mobile 
frequencies may only be carried by aircraft stations licensed to use 
maritime mobile frequencies and must follow the rules for public 
correspondence in part 80.
    (d) Aircraft public correspondence service on Aeronautical Mobile-
Satellite (R) Service frequencies may only be carried on aircraft earth 
stations licensed to use Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite (R) frequencies 
and are subject to the rules for public correspondence in this part. 
Aircraft public correspondence service on Maritime Mobile-Satellite 
Service frequencies may only be carried by aircraft earth stations 
licensed to use Maritime Mobile-Satellite frequencies and are subject to 
the rules for public correspondence in part 80.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 57 FR 45750, Oct. 5, 1992]



Sec. 87.187  Frequencies.

    (a) Frequencies used for air-ground Communications are listed in 
subpart E. Aircraft stations may use frequencies assigned to Government 
or non-Government aeronautical stations or radionavigation land stations 
if the communications are within the aeronautical or radionavigation 
land station scope of service.
    (b) 410 kHz is the international direction-finding frequency for use 
outside the continental United States.
    (c) 457 kHz is an authorized working frequency for flights over the 
high seas.
    (d) 500 kHz an international calling and distress frequency for 
aircraft on flights over the high seas. Except for distress, urgency or 
safety messages an aircraft station must not transmit on 500 kHz during 
the silence periods for three minutes twice each hour beginning at x h. 
15 and x h.45 Coordinated Universal Time (u.t.c.).

[[Page 219]]

    (e) The frequency 2182 khz is an international distress and calling 
frequency for use by ship, aircraft and survival craft stations. 
Aircraft stations must use J3E emission when operating on 2182 kHz and 
communicating with domestic public and private coast stations. The 
emission H3E may be used when communicating with foreign coast and ship 
stations.
    (f) The frequencies 3023 kHz, 5680 kHz, 122.900 MHz and 123.100 MHz 
are authorized for use by aircraft engaged in seach and rescue 
activities in accordance with subpart M. These frequencies may be used 
for air-air and air-ground communications.
    (g) The frequency 4125 kHz may be used for distress and safety 
communications between aircraft and ship and coast maritime mobile 
stations.
    (h) The frequency 8364.0 kHz is authorized for use of survival craft 
for search and rescue communications with stations in the maritime 
mobile service.
    (i) The frequencies in the band 121.975-122.675 MHz are authorized 
for use by private aircraft of air traffic control operations.
    (1) The frequencies 122.00 and 122.050 MHz are authorized for use by 
air carrier and private aircraft stations for enroute flight advisory 
service (EFAS) provided by the FAA;
    (2) The frequency 122.100 MHz is authorized for use by air carrier 
aircraft stations for air traffic control operations at locations in 
Alaska where other frequencies are not available for air traffic 
control.
    (j) The frequency 122.750 MHz is authoried for use by private fixed 
wing aircraft for air-air communications. The frequency 123.025 MHz is 
authorized for use by helicopters for air-air Communications.
    (k) The frequencies 121.500 MHz and 243.000 MHz are emergency and 
distress frequences available for use by survival craft stations, 
emergency locator transmitters and equipment used for survival pruposes. 
Use of 121.500 MHz and 243.00 MHz shall be limited to transmission of 
signals and communications for survival purposes. Type A2A, A3E or A3N 
emission may be employed, except in the case of emergency locator 
transmitters where A3E, A3X and NON are permitted.
    (l) The frequencies 156.300, 156.375, 156,400, 156,425, 156.450, 
156.625, 156.800 156.900 and 157.425 MHz may be used by aircraft 
stations to communicate with ship stations in accordance with part 80 
and the following conditions:
    (1) The altitude of aircraft stations must not exceed 300 meters 
(1,000 feet), except for reconnaissance aircraft participating in 
icebreaking operations where an altitude of 450 meters (1,500 feet) is 
allowed;
    (2) Aircraft station transmitter power must not exceed five watts;
    (3) The frequency 156.300 MHz may be used for safety purposes only. 
The frequency 156.800 MHz may be used for distress, safety and calling 
purposes only.
    (4) Except in the Great Lakes and along the St. Lawrence Seaway the 
frequency 157.425 MHz is available for communications with commerical 
fishing vessels.
    (5) The frequency 156.375 MHz cannot be used in the New Orleans, LA, 
VTS protection area. No harmful interference shall be caused to the VTS.
    (m) The frequency 406.025 MHz is an emergency and distress frequency 
available for use by emergency locator transmitters. Use of this 
frequency must be limited to transmission of distress and safety 
communications.
    (n) The frequency band 960-1215 MHz is for the use of airborne 
electronic aids to air navigation and directly associated land stations.
    (o) The frequency band 1300-1350 MHz is for surveillance radar 
stations and associated airborne transponders.
    (p) The frequency band 1435-1525 MHz is available on a primary basis 
and the 1525-1535 MHz is available on a secondary basis for telemetry 
and telecommand associated with the flight testing of aircraft, 
missiles, or related major components. This includes launching into 
space, reentry into the earth's atmosphere and incidental orbiting prior 
to reentry. The following frequencies are shared with flight telemetry 
mobile stations: 1444.5, 1453.5, 1501.5, 1515.5, 1524.5 and 1525.5 MHz. 
See Sec. 87.303(d).

    Note: Aeronautical telemetry operations must protect mobile-
satellite operations in the 1525-2535 MHz band and maritime mobile-

[[Page 220]]

satellite operations in the 1530-1535 MHz band.

    (q) The frequencies in the band 1545.000-1559.000 MHz and 1646.500-
1660.500 MHz are authorized for use by the Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite 
(R) Service. The use of the bands 1544.000-1545.000 MHz (space-to-Earth) 
and 1645.500-1646.500 MHz (Earth-to-space) by the Mobile-Satellite 
Service is limited to distress and safety operations. In the frequency 
bands 1549.500-1558.500 MHz and 1651.000-1660.000 MHz, the Aeronautical 
Mobile-Satellite (R) requirements that cannot be accommodated in the 
1545.000-1549.500 MHz, 1558.500-1559.000 MHz, 1646.500-1651.000 MHz, and 
1660.000-1660.500 MHz bands shall have priority access with real-time 
preemptive capability for communications in the Mobile-Satellite 
service. Systems not interoperable with the Aeronautical Mobile-
Satellite (R) Service shall operate on a secondary basis. Account shall 
be taken of the priority of safety-related communications in the Mobile-
Satellite Service.
    (r) The frequency band 1559-1626.5 MHz is available for airborne 
electronic aids to air navigation and any associated land station.
    (s) The frequency band 4200-4400 MHz is reserved exclusively for 
radio altimeters.
    (t) The frequency band 5350-5470 MHz in the aeronautical 
radionavigation service is limited to airborne radars and associated 
airborne beacons.
    (u) The frequency band 8750-8850 MHz is available for use by 
airborne doppler radars in the aeronautical radionavigation service only 
on the condition that they must accept any interference which may be 
experienced from stations in the radiolocation service in the band 8500-
10,000 MHz.
    (v) The frequency band 9300-9500 MHz is limited to airborne radars 
and associated airborne beacons.
    (w) The frequency band 13250-13400 MHz available for airborne 
doppler radar use.
    (x) The frequency bands 14000-14400, 24250-25250, 31800-33400 MHz 
are available for airborne radionavigation devices.
    (y) Brief keyed RF signals (keying the transmitter by momentarily 
depressing the microphone ``push-to-talk'' button) may be transmitted 
from aircraft for the control of automated unicoms on the unicom 
frequencies listed in paragraph (y)(3) of this section, or for the 
control of airport lights on the following frequencies:
    (1) Any air traffic control frequency listed in Sec. 87.421.
    (2) FAA Flight Service Station frequencies 121.975-122.675 MHz.
    (3) The unicom frequencies 122.700, 122.725, 122.800, 122.950, 
122.975, 123.000, 123.050 and 123.075 MHz.
    (4) Aviation support station frequencies listed in Sec. 87.323(b): 
121.950, 123.300 and 123.500 MHz if the frequency is assigned to a 
station at the airport and no harmful interference is caused to voice 
communications. If no such station is located at the concerned airport, 
aircraft may use one of the aviation support station frequencies for the 
control of airport lights.
    (5) The frequency 122.9 MHz when it is used as the common traffic 
advisory frequency at the concerned airport.
    (z) Frequencies for public correspondence between ships and public 
coast stations in the maritime mobile service (except frequencies in the 
156-174 MHz band) and coast earth stations in the maritime mobile-
satellite service are available for public correspondence between 
aircraft and public coast stations and coast earth stations, 
respectively. The transmission of public correspondence from aircraft 
must not cause interference to maritime communications.
    (aa) Frequencies in the 454.675-459.975 MHz band are available in 
the Public Mobile Radio Service (part 22) for use on board aircraft for 
communications with land mobile stations which are interconnected to the 
nationwide public telephone system.
    (bb) The frequencies 121.950 MHz, 122.850 MHz and 127.050 \1\ MHz 
are authorized for air-to-air use for aircraft up to and including 3 km 
(10,000 ft) mean sea level in the vicinity of Grand

[[Page 221]]

Canyon National Park in Arizona within the area bounded by the following 
coordinates (all coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 
(NAD83)):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Until further notice this frequency is available for air-to-air 
use as described in the Grand Canyon vicinity. Availability is a result 
of the FAA's assignment of this frequency. If the FAA reassigns this 
frequency the Commission may require air-to-air use to cease.

36-27-59.9 N. Lat; 112-47-2.7 W. Long.
36-27-59.9 N. Lat; 112-48-2.7 W. Long.
35-50-00.0 N. Lat; 112-48-2.7 W. Long.
35-43-00.0 N. Lat; 112-47-2.7 W. Long.

    (cc) The frequency 120.650 MHz 2 is authorized for air-
to-air use for aircraft up to and including 3 km (10,000 ft) mean sea 
level within the area bounded by the following coordinates (all 
coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 (NAD83)):

35-59-44.9 N. Lat; 114-51-48.0 W. Long.
36-09-29.9 N. Lat; 114-50-3.0 W. Long.
36-09-29.9 N. Lat; 114-02-57.9 W. Long.
35-54-45.0 N. Lat; 113-48-47.8 W. Long.
    (dd) The frequencies 136.425, 136.450, 136.475, and 136.500 MHz are 
designated for flight information services-broadcast (FIS-B) and may not 
be used by aircraft for transmission.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 23214, May 31, 1989; 54 
FR 49995, Dec. 4, 1989; 55 FR 7333, Mar. 1, 1990; 56 FR 11518, Mar. 19, 
1991; 56 FR 18525, Apr. 23, 1991; 57 FR 45750, Oct. 5, 1992; 58 FR 
30127, May 26, 1993; 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993; 58 FR 52021, Oct. 6, 
1993; 60 FR 37829, July 24, 1995; 60 FR 40227, Aug. 7, 1995; 63 FR 
68957, Dec. 14, 1998; 64 FR 27475, May 20, 1999; 66 FR 26800, May 15, 
2001]



Sec. 87.189  Requirements for public correspondence equipment and operations.

    (a) Transmitters used for public correspondence by aircraft stations 
in the maritime mobile frequency bands must be authorized by the 
Commission in conformity with part 80 of this chapter.
    (b) Transmitters used for public correspondence by aircraft stations 
in the Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite (R) or Maritime Mobile-Satellite 
frequencies must be certificated by the Commission in conformity with 
part 87. Aircraft earth stations that are required to be commissioned to 
use a privately owned satellite system also must meet the provisions of 
Sec. 87.51.
    (c) A continuous watch must be maintained on the frequencies used 
for safety and regularity of flight while public correspondence 
communications are being handled. For aircraft earth stations, this 
requirement is satisfied by compliance with the priority and preemptive 
access requirements of Sec. 87.187(p).
    (d) All communications in the Aeronautical Mobile Service and the 
Aeronautical Mobile-Satellite (R) Service have priority over public 
correspondence.
    (e) Transmission of public correspondence must be suspended when 
such operation will delay or interfere with message pertaining to safety 
of life and property or regularity of flight, or when ordered by the 
captain of the aircraft.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 57 FR 45750, Oct. 5, 1992; 63 
FR 36608, July 7, 1998]



Sec. 87.191  Foreign aircraft stations.

    (a) Aircraft of member States of the International Civil Aviation 
Organization may carry and operate radio transmitters in the United 
States airspace only if a license has been issued by the State in which 
the aircraft is registered and the flight crew is provided with a radio 
operator license of the proper class, issued or recognized by the State 
in which the aircraft is registered. The use of radio transmitters in 
the United States airspace must comply with these rules and regulations.
    (b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this section where an agreement 
with a foreign government has been entered into with respect to aircraft 
registered in the United States but operated by an aircraft operator who 
is subject to regulation by that foreign government, the aircraft radio 
station license and aircraft radio operator license may be issued by 
such foreign government.

                     Emergency Locator Transmitters



Sec. 87.193  Scope of service.

    Transmissions by emergency locator transmitters (ELTs) are intended 
to be actuated manually or automatically and operated automatically as 
part of an aircraft or a survival craft station as a locating aid for 
survival purposes.



Sec. 87.195  Frequencies.

    (a) ELTs transmit on the frequency 121.500 MHz, using A3E, A3X or 
NON emission. ELTs that transmit on the

[[Page 222]]

frequency 406.025 MHz use G1D emission.
    (b) The frequency 243.000 MHz is an emergency and distress frequency 
available for use by survival craft stations, ELTs and equipment used 
for survival purposes which are also equipped to transmit on the 
frequency 121.500 MHz. Use of 243.000 MHz must be limited to 
transmission of signals and communications for survival purposes. In the 
case of ELTs use of A3E, A3X or NON emission is permitted.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 56 FR 11518, Mar. 19, 1991; 58 
FR 30128, May 26, 1993]



Sec. 87.197  ELT test procedures.

    ELT testing must avoid outside radiation. Bench and ground tests 
conducted outside of an RF-shielded enclosure must be conducted with the 
ELT terminated into a dummy load.



Sec. 87.199  Special requirements for 406.025 MHz ELTs.

    (a) Except for the spurious emission limits specified in 
Sec. 87.139(h), 406.025 MHz ELTs must meet all the technical and 
performance standards contained in the Radio Technical Commission for 
Aeronautics document titled ``Minimum Operational Performance Standards 
406 MHz Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELT)'' Document No RTCA/DO-204 
dated September 29, 1989. This RTCA document is incorporated by 
reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a), and 1 CFR part 51. Copies 
of the document are available and may be obtained from the Radio 
Technical Commission of Aeronautics, One McPherson Square, 1425 K Street 
NW., Washington, DC, 20005. The document is available for inspection at 
Commission headquarters at 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554. 
Copies may also be inspected at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 
North Capital Street NW., suite 700, Washington, DC.
    (b) The 406.025 MHz ELT must contain as an integral part a homing 
beacon operating only on 121.500 MHz that meets all the requirements 
described in the RTCA Recommended Standards document described in 
paragraph (a) of this section. The 121.500 MHz homing beacon must have a 
continuous duty cycle that may be interrupted during the transmission of 
the 406.025 MHz signal only.
    (c) Prior to verification of a 406.025 MHz ELT, the ELT must be 
certified by a test facility recognized by one of the COSPAS/SARSAT 
Partners that the equipment satisfies the design characteristics 
associated with the COSPAS/SARSAT document COSPAS/SARSAT 406 MHz 
Distress Beacon Type Approval Standard (C/S T.007). Additionally, an 
independent test facility must certify that the ELT complies with the 
electrical and environmental standards associated with the RTCA 
Recommended Standards.
    (d) The procedures for verification are contained in subpart J of 
part 2 of this chapter.
    (e) An identification code, issued by the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the United States Program Manager for 
the 406.025 MHz COSPAS/SARSAT satellite system, must be programmed in 
each ELT unit to establish a unique identification for each ELT station. 
With each marketable ELT unit the manufacturer or grantee must include a 
postage pre-paid registration card printed with the ELT identification 
code addressed to: NOAA/NESDIS, SARSAT Operations Division, E/SP3, 
Federal Building 4, Washington, DC 20233. The registration card must 
request the owner's name, address, telephone number, type of aircraft, 
alternate emergency contact and include the following statement: 
``WARNING--failure to register this ELT with NOAA before installation 
could result in a monetary forfeiture being issued to the owner.''
    (f) To enhance protection of life and property it is mandatory that 
each 406.025 MHz ELT must be registered with NOAA before installation 
and that information be kept up-to-date. In addition to the 
identification plate or label requirements contained in Secs. 2.925, 
2.926 and 2.1003 of this chapter, each 406.025 MHz ELT must be provided 
on the outside with a clearly discernable permanent plate or label 
containing the following statement: ``The owner of this 406.025 MHz ELT 
must register the NOAA identification code contained on this label with 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) whose address 
is: NOAA,

[[Page 223]]

NOAA/SARSAT Operations Division, E/SP3, Federal Building 4, Washington, 
D.C. 20233.'' Aircraft owners shall advise NOAA in writing upon change 
of aircraft or ELT ownership, or any other change in registration 
information. Fleet operators must notify NOAA upon transfer of ELT to 
another aircraft outside of the owners control, or an other change in 
registration information. NOAA will provide registrants with proof of 
registration and change of registration postcards.
    (g) For 406.025 MHz ELTs whose identification code can be changed 
after manufacture, the identification code shown on the plant or label 
must be easily replaceable using commonly available tools.

[58 FR 30128, May 26, 1993, as amended at 59 FR 35269, July 11, 1994; 63 
FR 36608, July 7, 1998; 65 FR 58467, Sept. 29, 2000]



           Subpart G--Aeronautical Advisory Stations (Unicoms)



Sec. 87.213  Scope of service.

    (a) An aeronautical advisory station (unicom) must provide service 
to any aircraft station upon request and without discrimination. A 
unicom must provide impartial information concerning available ground 
services.
    (b)(1) Unicom transmissions must be limited to the necessities of 
safe and expeditious operation of aircraft such as condition of runways, 
types of fuel available, wind conditions, weather information, 
dispatching, or other necessary information. At any airport at which a 
control tower, control tower remote communications outlet station (RCO) 
or FAA flight service station is located, unicoms must not transmit 
information pertaining to the conditions of runways, wind conditions, or 
weather information during the hours of operation of the control tower, 
RCO or FAA service station.
    (2) On a secondary basis, unicoms may transmit communications which 
pertain to the efficient portal-to-portal transit of an aircraft, such 
as requests for ground transportation, food or lodging.
    (3) Communications between unicoms and air carrier must be limited 
to the necessities of safety of life and property.
    (4) Unicoms may communicate with aeronautical utility stations and 
ground vehicles concerning runway conditions and safety hazards on the 
airport when neither a control tower nor FAA flight service station is 
in operation.
    (c) Unicoms must not be used for air traffic control (ATC) purposes 
other than to relay ATC information between the pilot and air traffic 
controller. Relaying of ATC information is limited to the following:
    (1) Revisions of proposed departure time;
    (2) Takeoff, arrival or flight plan cancellation time;
    (3) ATC clearances, provided a letter of agreement is obtained from 
the FAA by the licensee of the unicom.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 30464, July 26, 1990]



Sec. 87.215  Supplemental eligibility.

    (a) A unicom and any associated dispatch or control points must be 
located on the airport to be served.
    (b) Only one unicom will be authorized to operate at an airport 
which does not have a control tower, RCO or FAA flight service station. 
At an airport which has a part-time or full-time control tower, RCO or 
FAA flight service station, the one unicom limitation does not apply and 
the airport operator and all aviation services organizations may be 
licensed to operate a unicom on the assigned frequency.
    (c) At an airport where only one unicom may be licensed, when the 
Commission believes that the unicom has been abandoned or has ceased 
operation, another unicom may be licensed on an interim basis pending 
final determination of the status of the original unicom. An applicant 
for an interim license must notify the present licensee and must comply 
with the notice requirements of paragraph (d) of this section.
    (d) An applicant for a unicom license, renewal or modification of 
frequency assignment at an airport which does not have a control tower, 
RCO or FAA flight service station must notify in writing the owner of 
the airport and all aviation service organizations located at the 
airport. The notice must include the applicant's name and address, the

[[Page 224]]

name of the airport and a statement that the applicant intends to file 
an application with the Commission for a unicom. The notice must be 
given within the ten days preceding the filing of the application with 
the Commission. Each applicant must certify upon application that either 
notice has been given and include the date of notification, or notice is 
not required because the applicant owns the airport and there are no 
organizations that should be notified.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 30464, July 26, 1990; 63 
FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 87.215 was 
amended by revising the last sentence of paragraph (d). This section 
contains information collection and recordkeeping requirements, and the 
amendment will not become effective until approval has been given by the 
Office of Management and Budget.



Sec. 87.217  Frequencies.

    (a) Only one unicom frequency will be assigned at any one airport. 
The Commission will assign a frequency based on maximum geographic co-
channel separation. However, applicants may request a particular 
frequency which will be taken into consideration when the assignment is 
made. The frequencies assignable to unicoms are:
    (1) 122.950 MHz at airports which have a full-time control tower or 
full-time FAA flight service station.
    (2) 122.700, 122.725, 122.800, 122.975, 123.000, 123.050 or 123.075 
MHz at all other airports.
    (b) 121.500 MHz: emergency and distress only.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 30464, July 26, 1990; 58 
FR 67696, Dec. 22, 1993]



Sec. 87.219  Automatic operations.

    (a) A station operator need not be present when an automated unicom 
is in operation.
    (b) Unicoms operating in an automated mode must comply with the 
requirements of paragraphs (1)-(5) of this section, in addition to the 
requirements applicable to non-automated unicom operations.
    (1) An automated unicom must transmit only in response to 
interrogating signals from aircraft, including but not limited to the 
brief keyed RF signals specified in Sec. 87.187(y).
    (2) An automated unicom must monitor the unicom frequency prior to 
transmission, and provide a brief delay between the aircraft's 
interrogating signal and the automatic unicom's response.
    (3) Automated advisory transmissions must be as brief as possible, 
and must never exceed one minute in length.
    (4) An automated unicom may not provide weather information at an 
airport that has an operational, FAA-certified, automatic weather 
facility, unless the unicom itself is certified by the FAA.
    (5) If weather information is provided by an automated unicom:
    (i) weather sensors must be placed in order to adequately represent 
the weather conditions at the airport(s) to be served;
    (ii) the weather information must be proceeded by the word 
``advisory;''
    (iii) the phrase ``automated advisory'' must be included when the 
weather information was gathered by real-time sensors or within the last 
minute; and,
    (iv) the time and date of the last update must be included when the 
weather information was not gathered within the last minute.
    (c) Only one automated unicom may be operated at an uncontrolled 
airport. Prior to the operation of an automated unicom at an airport 
with more than one unicom licensee, all of the licensees at that airport 
must sign a letter of agreement stating which licensee(s) control the 
automated unicom operations, and, if control is to be shared among 
several operators, how that control will be divided or scheduled. The 
original or a copy of the letter of agreement must be kept with each 
licensees' station records. Within 90 days of the date upon which a new 
unicom operator is licensed at an airport where more than one unicom is 
authorized, and an automated unicom is being operated, an amended letter 
of agreement

[[Page 225]]

that includes the new licensee's signature must be signed or automated 
unicom operations must cease.

[64 FR 27475, May 20, 1999]



                Subpart H--Aeronautical Multicom Stations



Sec. 87.237  Scope of service.

    (a) The communications of an aeronautical multicom station 
(multicom) must pertain to activities of a temporary, seasonal or 
emergency nature involving aircraft in flight. Communications are 
limited to directing or coordinating ground activities from the air or 
aerial activities from the ground. Air-to-air communications will be 
authorized if the communications are directly connected with the air-to-
ground or ground-to-air activities described above. Multicom 
communications must not include those air/ground communications provided 
for elsewhere in this part.
    (b) If there is not unicom and an applicant is unable to meet the 
requirements for a unicom license, the applicant will be eligible for a 
multicom license.
    (1) The multicom license becomes invalid when a unicom is 
established at the landing area.
    (2) Multicoms must not be used for ATC purposes other than the relay 
of ATC information between the pilot and air traffic controller. 
Relaying of ATC information is limited to the following:
    (i) Revisions of proposed departure time;
    (ii) Takeoff, arrival flight plan cancellation time;
    (iii) ATC clearances, provided a letter of agreement is obtained 
from the FAA by the licensee of the multicom.
    (3) Communications by a multicom must be limited to the safe and 
expeditious operation of private aircraft, pertaining to the conditions 
of runways, types of fuel available, wind conditions, weather 
information, dispatching or other information. On a secondary basis, 
multicoms may transmit communictions which pertain to efficient portal-
to-portal transit of an aircraft such as requests for ground 
transportation, food or lodging.



Sec. 87.239  Supplemental eligibility.

    Each applicant for a multicom may be required to demonstrate why 
such a station is necessary, based on the scope of service defined 
above.

[63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.241  Frequencies.

    (a) 121.500 MHz: emergency and distress only;
    (b) 122.850 or 122.900 MHz;
    (c) 122.925 MHz: available for assignment to communicate with 
aircraft when coordinating foresty management and fire suppression, fish 
and game management and protection, and environmental monitoring and 
protection.



     Subpart I--Aeronautical Enroute and Aeronautical Fixed Stations

                      Aeronautical Enroute Stations



Sec. 87.261  Scope of service.

    (a) Aeronautical enroute stations provide operational control 
communications to aircraft along domestic or international air routes. 
Operational control communications include the safe, efficient and 
economical operation of aircraft, such as fuel, weather, position 
reports, aircraft performance, and essential services and supplies. 
Public correspondence is prohibited.
    (b) Service must be provided to any aircraft station licensee who 
makes cooperative arrangements for the operation, maintenance and 
liability of the stations which are to furnish enroute service. In 
emergency or distress situations service must be provided without prior 
arrangements.
    (c) Except in Alaska, only one aeronautical enroute station licensee 
will be authorized at any one location. In Alaska, only one aeronautical 
enroute station licensee in the domestic service and one aeronautical 
enroute station licensee in the international service will be authorized 
at any one location. (Because enroute stations may provide service over 
a large area containing a number of air routes or only provide 
communications in the local area of an airport, location here means the 
area which can be adequately served by the particular station.)

[[Page 226]]

    (d) In Alaska, only stations which serve scheduled air carriers will 
be licensed to operate aeronautical enroute stations. Applicants must 
show that the station will provide communications only along routes 
served by scheduled air carriers.
    (e) Mobile units may be operated under an aeronautical enroute 
station authorization so long as the units are limited to use at an 
airport and are only used to communicate with aircraft on the ground or 
the associated aeronautical enroute station. Mobile units are further 
limited to operation on the VHF frequencies listed in 87.263(a)(1).
    (f) Mobile units licensed under paragraph (e) of this section shall 
not be operated on air traffic control frequencies, nor cause harmful 
interference to, communications on air traffic control frequencies.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 64 FR 27476, May 20, 1999]



Sec. 87.263  Frequencies.

    (a) Domestic VHF service. (1) Frequencies in the 128.8125-132.125 
MHz and 136.4875-137.00 MHz bands are available to serve domestic 
routes, except that the frequency 136.750 MHz is available only to 
aeronautical enroute stations located at least 288 kilometers (180 
miles) from the Gulf of Mexico shoreline (outside the Gulf of Mexico 
region). The frequencies 136.900 MHz, 136.925 MHz, 136.950 MHz and 
136.975 MHz are available to serve domestic and international routes. 
Frequency assignments are based on 25 kHz spacing. Use of these 
frequencies must be compatible with existing operations and must be in 
accordance with pertinent international treaties and agreements.
    (2) A system or network of interconnected enroute stations may 
employ offset carrier techniques on the frequencies listed in paragraph 
(a)(1). The carrier frequencies of the individual transmitters must not 
be offset by more than 8kHz.
    (3) The frequencies 122.825 and 122.875 MHz are available for 
assignment to enroute stations which provide local area service to 
aircraft approaching or departing a particular airport. These 
frequencies will be assigned without regard to the restrictions 
contained in Sec. 87.261 (c) and (d). Only organizations operating 
aircraft with a maximum capacity of 56 passengers or 8,200 kg (18,000 
lbs) cargo will be authorized use of these enroute frequencies.
    (4) In Alaska, the frequencies 131.500, 131.600, 131.800 and 131.900 
MHz may be assigned to aeronautical enroute stations without regard to 
the restrictions contained in Sec. 87.261 (c) and (d).
    (5) The frequency 136.750 MHz is available in the Gulf of Mexico 
Region to serve domestic routes over the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent 
coastal areas. Assignment of this frequency in the Gulf of Mexico Region 
shall be to licensees first licensed on this frequency in the Gulf of 
Mexico Region prior to January 1, 1994, their successors and assigns, 
and is not subject to the conditions in Sec. 87.261(c) and paragraph 
(a)(2) of this section. For the purpose of this paragraph, the Gulf of 
Mexico Region is defined as an area bounded on the east, north, and west 
by a line 288 km (180 miles) from the Gulf of Mexico shore line. Inland 
stations must be located within forty-eight kilometers (30 miles) of the 
Gulf of Mexico shore line.
    (b) Domestic HF service. (1) Regular use of high frequencies for 
aeronautical enroute or any aeronautical mobile (R) communications in 
the domestic service within the continental United States (excluding 
Alaska) will not be authorized.
    (2) These frequencies (carrier) are available for assignment to 
serve aircraft operating in support of offshore drilling operations in 
open sea areas beyond the range of VHF propagation:

                                   kHz

2878.0
3019.0
3434.0
4672.0
5463.0
5508.0
    (3) Alaska: The following frequencies (carrier) are available for 
assignment to serve domestic air routes in the Alaska area:
    (i) Throughout Alaska: Shared with the FAA and assigned where an 
applicant shows the need for a service not provided by the FAA.

                                   kHz
2866.0                               5631.0
 

    (ii) Alaska Aleutian chain and feeders.

[[Page 227]]



                                   kHz
2911.0                               8855.0
2956.0                               10066.0
5496.0                               11363.0
6580.0
 

    (iii) Central and Southeast Alaska and feeders.

                                   kHz
2875.0                               6580.0
2911.0                               6604.0
3470.0                               8876.0
5484.0                               11357.0
 

    (iv) The following frequencies (carrier) are available to enroute 
stations in Alaska without regard to the restrictions contained in 
Sec. 87.261 (c) or (d). These frequencies may also be used for 
communications between enroute stations concerning matters directly 
affecting aircraft with which they are engaged. Enroute stations located 
at an uncontrolled airport shall not transmit information concerning 
runway, wind or weather conditions during the operating hours of a 
unicom.

                                   kHz
3449.0                               5472.0
5167.5 \1\                           5490.0
 
\1\ The frequency 5167.5 kHz is available to any station for emergency
  communications in Alaska. No airborne operations are permitted. Peak
  envelope power of stations operating on this frequency must not exceed
  150 watts. This frequency may also be used by Alaska private fixed
  stations for calling purposes, but only for establishing
  communications.

    (c) International VHF service. Frequencies in the 128.825-132.000 
and 136.000-137.000 MHz bands are available to enroute stations serving 
international flight operations. Frequency assignments are based on 25 
kHz channel spacing. Proposed operations must be compatible with 
existing operations in the band.
    (d) International HF service. High frequencies (carrier) available 
to enroute stations serving international flight operations on the Major 
World Air Route Areas (MWARA's), as defined in the international Radio 
Regulations and the ICAO Assignment Plan, are:
    (1) Central East Pacific (CEP):

                                   kHz
2869.0                               8843.0
3413.0                               10057.0
4657.0                               11282.0
5547.0                               13300.0
5574.0                               17904.0
6673.0
 

    (2) Central West Pacific (CWP):

                                   kHz
2998.0                               6562.0
3455.0                               8903.0
4666.0                               10081.0
5652.0                               11384.0
5661.0                               13300.0
6532.0                               17904.0
 


    (3) North Pacific (NP):

                                   kHz
2932.0                               10048.0
5628.0                               11330.0
6655.0                               13300.0
6661.0                               17904.0
 


    (4) South Pacific (SP):

                                   kHz
3467.0                               10084.0
5559.0                               11327.0
5643.0                               13300.0
8867.0                               17904.0
 


    (5) North Atlantic (NAT):

                                   kHz
2872.0                               8825.0
2899.0                               8831.0
2962.0                               8864.0
2971.0                               8879.0
3016.0                               8891.0
3476.0                               8906.0
4675.0                               11279.0
5598.0                               11309.0
5616.0                               11336.0
5649.0                               13291.0
6622.0                               13306.0
6628.0                               17946.0
 


    (6) Europe (EUR):

                                   kHz
3479.0                               10084.0
5661.0                               13288.0
6598.0                               17961.0
 


    (7) South America (SAM):

                                   kHz
2944.0                               10024.0
3479.0                               10096.0
4669.0                               11360.0
5526.0                               13297.0
6649.0                               17907.0
8855.0
 


    (8) South Atlantic (SAT):

                                   kHz
2854.0                               8861.0
2935.0                               11291.0
3452.0                               13315.0
5565.0                               13357.0

[[Page 228]]

 
6535.0                               17955.0
 


    (9) Southeast Asia (SEA):

                                   kHz
3470.0                               10066.0
3485.0                               11396.0
5649.0                               13309.0
5655.0                               13318.0
6556.0                               17907.0
8942.0                               ...................................
 


    (10) East Asia (EA):

                                   kHz
3016.0                               10042.0
3485.0                               11396.0
3491.0                               13297.0
5655.0                               13303.0
5670.0                               13309.0
6571.0                               17907.0
8897.0
 


    (11) Middle East (MID):

                                   kHz
2944.0                               6631.0
2992.0                               8918.0
3467.0                               8951.0
3473.0                               10018.0
4669.0                               11375.0
5658.0                               13288.0
5667.0                               13312.0
6625.0                               17961.0
 

    (12) Africa (AFI):

                                   kHz
2851.0                               6673.0
2878.0                               8894.0
3419.0                               8903.0
3425.0                               8894.0
3467.0                               11300.0
4657.0                               11330.0
5493.0                               13273.0
5652.0                               13288.0
5658.0                               13294.0
6559.0                               17961.0
6574.0
 


    (13) Indian Ocean (INO):

                                   kHz
3476.0                               13306.0
5634.0                               17961.0
8879.0
 


    (14) North Central Asia (NCA):

                                   kHz
3004.0                               6592.0
3019.0                               10096.0
4678.0                               13303.0
5646.0                               13315.0
5664.0                               17958.0
 


    (15) Caribbean (CAR):

                                   kHz
2887.0                               8846.0
3455.0                               8918.0
5520.0                               11387.0
5550.0                               11396.0
6577.0                               13297.0
6586.0                               17907.0
 


    (e) Long distance operational control. Long distance operational 
control frequencies provide communications between aeronautical enroute 
stations and aircraft stations anywhere in the world for control of the 
regularity and efficiency of flight and safety of aircraft. World-wide 
frequencies are not assigned by administrations for MWARA and Regional 
and Domestic Air Route Area (RDARA).


                                   kHz
3013.0                               10075.0
3494.0                               11342.0
5529.0                               11348.0
5538.0                               13330.0
6637.0                               13348.0
6640.0                               17925.0
8933.0                               21964.0
10033.0
 


    (f) 121.500 MHz: Emergency and distress only.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11721, Mar. 22, 1989; 55 
FR 28628, July 12, 1990; 56 FR 21084, May 7, 1991; 58 FR 44954, Aug. 25, 
1993; 66 FR 26800, May 15, 2001]



Sec. 87.265  Administrative communications.

    Domestic VHF aeronautical enroute stations authorized to use A9W 
emission on any frequency listed in Sec. 87.263(a)(1) or 
Sec. 87.263(a)(3) may transmit digital administrative communications on 
a secondary basis, in addition to the operational and control 
communications routinely permitted under Sec. 87.261(a) above. Such 
secondary administrative communications must directly relate to the 
business of a participating aircraft operator in providing travel and 
transportation services to the flying public or to the travel, 
transportation or scheduling activities of the aircraft operator itself. 
Stations transmitting administrative communications must provide 
absolute priority for operational control and other safety 
communications by means

[[Page 229]]

of an automatic priority control system.

[54 FR 11721, Mar. 22, 1989]

                       Aeronautical Fixed Stations



Sec. 87.275  Scope of service.

    Aeronautical fixed stations provide non-public point-to-point 
communications service pertaining to safety, regularity and economy of 
flight. These stations must transmit, without discrimination, messages 
from aircraft which have entered into cooperative arrangements governing 
the operation and maintenance of such stations. Aeronautical fixed 
station licensees are required to transmit, without charge or 
discrimination, all emergency communications.



Sec. 87.277  Supplemental eligibility.

    Aeronautical fixed station licenses will only be issued to the 
licensees of associated aeronautical enroute stations. Aeronautical 
fixed station licenses will not be issued where adequate land line 
facilities are available.



Sec. 87.279  Frequencies.

    (a) United States (except Alaska). The applicant must request 
specific frequencies in accordance with Sec. 2.106 of this chapter. The 
Commission will determine the suitability of the applicant's selection 
based on the probability of interference to and from existing services 
assigned on the same or adjacent frequencies. All new assignments of 
frequencies will be subject to such conditions as may be required to 
minimize the possibility of harmful interference to existing services.
    (b) Alaska. (1) Only stations which serve scheduled air carriers 
will be licensed. Applicants must show that the station will provide 
communications only along routes served by the scheduled operations of 
such carriers.
    (2) The following frequencies are available in Alaska. These 
frequencies will only be licensed in conjunction with licenses for use 
of the aeronautical enroute frequencies specified in Sec. 87.263(c).

                                   kHz
2648.0                               5310.0
4645.0                               5887.5
4947.5                               8015.0
5122.5
 


    (c) Gulf of Mexico. In addition to the provisions of paragraph (a) 
of this section, the frequencies 4550.0 and 5036.0 kHz are available in 
the Gulf of Mexico.



                     Subpart J--Flight Test Stations



Sec. 87.299  Scope of service.

    The use of flight test stations is restricted to the transmission of 
necessary information or instructions relating directly to tests of 
aircraft or components thereof.



Sec. 87.301  Supplemental eligibility.

    (a) The following entities are eligible for flight test station 
licenses:
    (1) Manufacturers of aircraft or major aircraft components;
    (2) A parent corporation or its subsidiary if either corporation is 
a manufacturer of aircraft or major aircraft components; or
    (3) Educational institutions and persons primarily engaged in the 
design, development, modification, and flight test evaluation of 
aircraft or major aircraft components.
    (b) Each application must include a certification sufficient to 
establish the applicant's eligibility under the criteria in paragraph 
(a) of this section.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 63 FR 68957, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.303  Frequencies.

    (a) These frequencies are available for assignment to flight test 
land and aircraft stations:

    3281.0\1\         123.175\2\        123.225\3\        123.400\2\
                      123.200\3\        123.375\3\        123.450\3\
 

    (b) These additional frequencies are available for assignment only 
to flight test stations of aircraft manufacturers:

   123.125\2\         123.275\3\       S123.425\3\        123.550\3\
   123.150\2\         123.325\3\       S123.475\3\        123.575\2\
   123.250\3\         123.350\3\       S123.525\3\
 
\1\ When R3E, H3E or J3E emission is used, the assigned frequency will
  be 3282.4 kHz (3281.0 kHz carrier frequency).
\2\ This frequency is available only to itinerant stations that have a
  requirement to be periodically transferred to various locations.
\3\ Mobile station operations on these frequencies are limited to an
  area within 320 km (200 mi) of an associated flight test land station.


[[Page 230]]

    (c) These frequencies are available for equipment test, emergency 
and backup use with aircraft beyond the range of VHF propagation. Either 
H2B, J3E, J7B or J9W emission may be used.
    Frequencies (carrier) available kHz:

                                   kHz
2851.0                               8822.0
3004.0                               10045.0
3443.0                               11288.0
5451.0                               11306.0
5469.0                               13312.0
5571.0                               17964.0
6550.0                               21931.0
 

    (d)(1) Frequencies in the bands 1435-1525 MHz and 2360-2390 MHz are 
assigned primarily for telemetry and telecommand operations associated 
with the flight testing of manned or unmanned aircraft and missiles, or 
their major components. The band 1525-1535 MHz is also available for 
these purposes on a secondary basis. In the band 2320-2345 MHz, the 
mobile and radiolocation services are allocated on a primary basis until 
a Broadcast-Satellite (sound) service has been brought into use in such 
a manner as to affect or be affected by the mobile and radiolocation 
services in those service areas. Permissible uses of these bands include 
telemetry and telecommand transmissions associated with the launching 
and reentry into the earth's atmosphere as well as any incidental 
orbiting prior to reentry of manned or unmanned objects undergoing 
flight tests. In the 1435-1530 MHz band, the following frequencies are 
shared with flight telemetry mobile stations: 1444.5, 1453.5, 1501.5, 
1515.5, 1524.5 and 1525.5 MHz. In the 2320-2345 MHz and 2360-2390 MHz 
bands, the following frequencies may be assigned on a co-equal basis for 
telemetry and associated telecommand operations in fully operational or 
expendable and re-usable launch vehicles whether or not such operations 
involve flight testing: 2332.5, 2364.5, 2370.5 and 2382.5 MHz. In the 
2360-2390 MHz band, all other telemetry and telecommand uses are 
secondary to the above stated launch vehicle uses.
    (2) The authorized bandwidths for stations operating in the bands 
1435.0-1525.0 MHz, 1525.0-1535.0 MHz and 2310.0-2390.0 MHz are normally 
1, 3 or 5 MHz. Applications for greater bandwidths will be considered in 
accordance with the provisions of Sec. 87.135. Each assignment will be 
centered on a frequency between 1435.5 MHz and 1534.5 MHz or between 
2310.5 MHz and 2389.5 MHz, with 1 MHz channel spacing.
    (e) 121.500 MHz: Emergency and distress only.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 4175, Feb. 7, 1990; 58 
FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993; 58 FR 67696, Dec. 22, 1993; 60 FR 37829, July 
24, 1995; 62 FR 11107, Mar. 11, 1997]



Sec. 87.305  Frequency coordination.

    (a)(1) Each application for a new station license, renewal or 
modification of an existing license concerning flight test frequencies, 
except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, must be accompanied 
by a statement from a frequency advisory committee. The committee must 
comment on the frequencies requested or the proposed changes in the 
authorized station and the probable interference to existing stations. 
The committee must consider all stations operating on the frequencies 
requested or assigned within 320 km (200 mi) of the proposed area of 
operation and all prior coordinations and assignments on the proposed 
frequency(ies). The committee must also recommend frequencies resulting 
in the minimum interference. The Committee must coordinate in writing 
all requests for frequencies or proposed operating changes in the 1435-
1535 MHz and 2310-2390 MHz bands with the responsible Government Area 
Frequency Coordinators listed in the NTIA ``Manual of Regulations and 
Procedures for Federal Radio Frequency Management.'' In addition, 
committee recommendations may include comments on other technical 
factors and may contain recommended restrictions which it believes 
should appear on the license.
    (2) The frequency advisory committee must be organized to represent 
all persons who are eligible for non-Government radio flight test 
stations. A statement of organization service area and composition of 
the committee must be submitted to the Commission for approval. The 
functions of any advisory committee are purely advisory to the applicant 
and the Commission, and its recommendations are not binding

[[Page 231]]

upon either the applicant or the Commission.
    (b) These applications need not be accompanied by evidence of 
frequency coordination:
    (1) Any application for modification not involving change in 
frequency(ies), power, emission, antenna height, antenna location or 
area of operation.
    (2) Any application for 121.5 MHz.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 11721, Mar. 22, 1989; 58 
FR 44954, Aug. 25, 1993]



Sec. 87.307  Cooperative use of facilities.

    (a) The Commission will license only one flight test land station 
per airport, except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (b) Flight test land stations located at an airport are required to 
provide service without discrimination, on a cooperative maintenance 
basis, to anyone eligible for a flight test station license.
    (c) When the licensee of a flight test land station intends to 
conduct flight tests at an area served by another flight test land 
station, which may result in interference, the licensees must coordinate 
their schedules in advance. If no agreement is reached, the Commission 
will determine the time division upon request by either licensee.
    (d) Applicants for an additional flight test land station at an 
airport where such a station is already authorized may be required to 
submit a factual showing to include the following:
    (1) Reasons why shared use of the currently licensed flight test 
land station is not possible; and
    (2) Results of coordination with the current licensee of the flight 
test station at the airport demonstrating that an additional station can 
be accommodated without significant degradation of the reliability of 
existing facilities.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 63 FR 68958, Dec. 14, 1998]



                  Subpart K--Aviation Support Stations



Sec. 87.319  Scope of service.

    Aviation support stations are used for the following types of 
operations:
    (a) Pilot training;
    (b) Coordination of soaring activities between gliders, tow aircraft 
and land stations;
    (c) Coordination of activities between free balloons or lighter-
than-air aircraft and ground stations;
    (d) Coordination between aircraft and aviation service organizations 
located on an airport concerning the safe and efficient portal-to-portal 
transit of the aircraft, such as the types of fuel and ground services 
available; and
    (e) Promotion of safety of life and property.



Sec. 87.321  Supplemental eligibility.

    Each applicant must certify as to its eligibility under the scope of 
service described above.

[63 FR 68958, Dec. 14, 1998]



Sec. 87.323  Frequencies.

    (a) 121.500 MHz: Emergency and distress only.
    (b) The frequencies 121.950, 123.300 and 123.500 MHz are available 
for assignment to aviation support stations used for pilot training, 
coordination of lighter-than-air aircraft operations, or coordination of 
soaring or free ballooning activities. Applicants for 121.950 MHz must 
coordinate their proposal with the appropriate FAA Regional Spectrum 
Management Office. The application must specify the FAA Region notified 
and the date notified. Applicants for aviation support land stations may 
request frequency(ies) based upon their eligibility although the 
Commission reserves the right to specify the frequency of assignment. 
Aviation support mobile stations will be assigned 123.300 and 123.500 
MHz. However, aviation support mobile stations must operate only on a 
noninterference basis to communications between aircraft and aviation 
support land stations.
    (c) The frequency 122.775 MHz and, secondary to aeronautical 
multicom stations, the frequency 122.850 MHz are available for 
assignment to aviation support stations. These frequencies may be used 
for communications between aviation service organizations and aircraft 
in the airport area. These frequencies must not be used for air traffic 
control purposes or to transmit

[[Page 232]]

information pertaining to runway, wind or weather conditions.
    (d) The frequency 3281.0 kHz is available for assignment to aviation 
support stations used for coordination of lighter-than-air aircraft 
operations.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 63 FR 68958, Dec. 14, 1998]



             Subpart L--Aeronautical Utility Mobile Stations



Sec. 87.345  Scope of service.

    Aeronautical utility mobile stations provide communications for 
vehicles operating on an airport movement area. An airport movement area 
is defined as the runways, taxiways and other areas utilized for 
taxiing, takeoff and landing of aircraft, exclusive of loading ramp and 
parking areas.
    (a) An aeronautical utility mobile station must monitor its assigned 
frequency during periods of operation.
    (b) At an airport which has a control tower, control tower remote 
communications outlet station (RCO) or FAA flight service station in 
operation, communications by an aeronautical utility mobile station are 
limited to the management of ground vehicular traffic.
    (c) Aeronautical utility mobile stations which operate on the 
airport's unicom frequency or the frequency 122.900 MHz are authorized 
only to transmit information relating to safety, such as runway 
conditions and hazards on the airport. These stations are authorized 
primarily for monitoring communications from and to aircraft approaching 
or departing the airport.
    (d) Transmissions by an aeronautical utility mobile station are 
subject to the control of the control tower, the FAA flight service 
station or the unicom, as appropriate. When requested by the control 
tower, the flight service station or the unicom, an aeronautical utility 
station must discontinue transmitting immediately.
    (e) Communications between aeronautical utility mobile stations are 
not authorized.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 7333, Mar. 1, 1990; 55 
FR 30464, July 26, 1990]



Sec. 87.347  Supplemental eligibility.

    (a) Aeronautical utility stations may transmit on unicom frequencies 
only at airports which have a unicom and a part-time or no control 
tower, an RCO or an FAA flight service station.
    (b) An applicant for an aeronautical utility station operating on a 
unicom frequency or the frequency 122.900 MHz must:
    (1) Have a need to routinely operate a ground vehicle on the airport 
movement area;
    (2) Maintain a list of the vehicle(s) in which the station is to be 
located;
    (3) Certify on the application that either the applicant is the 
airport owner or operator, or a state or local government aeronautical 
agency, or that the airport owner or operator has granted permission to 
operate the vehicle(s) on the airport movement area.
    (c) An applicant for an aeronautical utility station requesting 
authority to transmit on the local control (tower) frequency or on the 
control tower remote communications outlet (RCO) frequency must certify 
that the Air Traffic Manager of the airport control tower approves the 
requested use of the tower or RCO frequency.

[53 FR 28940, Aug. 1, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 30464, July 26, 1990; 55 
FR 30908, July 30, 1990; 63 FR 68958, Dec. 14, 1998]

    Effective Date Note: At 63 FR 68958, Dec. 14, 1998, Sec. 87.347 was 
amended by revising paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), and (c). This 
section contains information collection and recordkeeping requirements, 
and the amendments will not become effective until approval has been 
given by the Office of Management and Budget.



Sec. 87.349  Frequencies.

    (a) The frequency assigned to an aeronautical utility station at an 
airport served by a control tower, RCO or FAA flight service station is 
the frequency used by the control tower for ground traffic control or by 
the flight service station for communications with vehicles. In addition 
to the ground control frequency, an aeronautical utility station at an 
airport served by a control tower or RCO may be assigned the tower or 
RCO frequency if the assignment is specifically approved by the FAA as 
provided for in Sec. 87.347(c). The frequencies assigned are

[[Page 233]]

normally from the band 121.600-121.925 MHz.
    (b) The frequency assigned to the unicom is available to 
aeronautical utility stations on a noninterference basis at airports 
which have a part-time control tower, part-time RCO or part-time FAA 
flight service station and a unicom.
    (c) At airports which have a unicom but no control tower, RCO or FAA 
flight service station, the frequency assigned to the unicom is 
available to aeronautical utility stations on a noninterference basis. 
The frequencies available for assignment to unicoms are described in 
subpart G of this part.
    (d) At airports which have no control tower, RCO, flight service 
station or unicom, the frequency 122.900 MHz is available for assignment 
to aeronautical utility stations.

[55 FR 30464, July 26, 1990, as amended at 55 FR 30908, July 30, 1990]



Sec. 87.351  Frequency changes.

    When the aeronautical utility frequency is required to be changed 
because of an action by the FAA or the Commission (such as a change in 
the ground control of unicom frequency) the licensee must submit an 
application for modification to specify the new frequency within 10 days 
from the date the station begins operation on the new frequency. The 
licensee has temporary authority to use the new frequency from the date 
of the change pending receipt of the modified license.



           Subpart M--Aeronautical Search and Rescue Stations



Sec. 87.371  Scope of service.

    Aeronautical search and rescue land and mobile stations must be used 
only for communications with aircraft and other aeronautical search and 
rescue stations engaged in search and rescue activities. Aeronautical 
land search and rescue stations can be moved for temporary periods from 
a specified location to an area where actual or practice search and 
rescue operations are being conducted.



Sec. 87.373  Supplemental eligibility.

    Licenses for aeronautical search and rescue stations will be granted 
only to governmental entities or private organizations chartered to 
perform aeronautical search and rescue functions.



Sec. 87.375  Frequencies.

    (a) The frequency 123.100 MHz is available for assignment to 
aeronautical search and rescue stations for actual search and rescue 
missions. Each search and rescue station must be equipped to operate on 
this frequency.
    (b) The frequency 122.900 MHz is available for assignment to 
aeronautical search and rescue stations for organized search and rescue 
training and for practice search and rescue missions.
    (c) The frequencies 3023.0 kHz and 5680.0 kHz are available for 
assignment to aircraft and ship stations for search and rescue scene-of-
action coordination, including communications with participating land 
stations. Ship stations communicating with aircraft stations must employ 
2K80J3E emission.
    (d) 121.500 MHz: Emergency and distress only.



                   Subpart N--Emergency Communications



Sec. 87.393  Scope of service.

    This subpart provides the rules governing operation of stations in 
the Aviation Services during any national or local emergency situation 
constituting a threat to national security or safety of life and 
property. This subpart is consistent with the Aeronautical Emergency 
Communications System Plan for all Aviation Services licensees of the 
Commission which was developed pursuant to sections 1, 4(o), 301 and 303 
of the Communications Act, and Executive Order 11490, as amended. This 
Plan provides for emergency communications to meet the requirements of 
the Plan for the Security Control of Air Traffic and Air Navigation Aids 
(SCATANA), Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF), War Air Service Program 
(WASP) and, where applicable, State and Regional Disaster Airlift 
Planning (SARDA).

[[Page 234]]



Sec. 87.395  Plan for the Security Control of Air Traffic and Air Navigation Aids (Short Title: SCATANA).

    (a) The Plan for the Security Control of Air Traffic and Air 
Navigation Aids (SCATANA) is promulgated in furtherance of the Federal 
Aviation Act of 1958, as amended, the Communications Act and Executive 
Order 11490, as amended. SCATANA defines the responsibilities of the 
Commission for the security control of non-Federal air navigation aids.
    (b) Under the responsibilities defined in SCATANA, an FCC Support 
Plan for the Security Control of Non-Federal Air Navigation Aids has 
been developed by the Commission. The FCC Support Plan defines 
responsibilities, procedures, and instructions in consonance with 
SCATANA which will effect control of non-Federal air navigation aids 
when SCATANA is implemented. It permits the use of such navigation aids 
by aircraft of military and civil agencies when SCATANA is implemented. 
The FCC Support Plan highlights those parts of SCATANA which deal 
specifically with non-Federal air navigation aids. SCATANA and the FCC 
Support Plan apply to radionavigation stations authorized by the 
Commission in the following manner:
    (1) All licensees are subject to restrictions imposed by appropriate 
military authorities pursuant to SCATANA and the FCC Support Plan when 
an Air Defense Emergency or Defense Emergency exists or is imminent. The 
restrictions will be imposed through FAA Air Route Traffic Control 
Centers (ARTCCs).
    (2) All licensees of aeronautical radionavigation (VOR/DME, ILS, 
MLS, LF and MF non-directional beacons) stations will comply with 
SCATANA implementation instructions from FAA ARTCCs as follows:
    (i) Shut down the above navigation aids as directed. These 
instructions will permit time to land or disperse airborne aircraft, and 
will permit extension of time when the air traffic situation dictates.
    (ii) Shut down as soon as possible stations which require more than 
five minutes control time, unless directed otherwise or unless such 
stations are essential for the handling of existing air traffic.
    (iii) Operate aeronautical radionavigation stations to ensure that 
required stations, as indicated in flight plans, will be available for 
authorized aircraft flights.
    (3) Licensees of aeronautical radionavigation stations will be 
notified of the reduction or removal of SCATANA restrictions by FAA 
ARTCCs when notice of the termination is issued.
    (4) Licensees of aeronautical radionavigation stations may 
voluntarily participate in SCATANA tests as requested by an ARTCC. 
SCATANA testing must not interrupt the normal service of non-Federal air 
navigation aids.



Sec. 87.397  Emergency operations.

    (a) The licensee of any land station in the Aviation services, 
during a local emergency involving the safety of life and property