[Title 11 CFR 100.22]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - January 1, 2002 Edition]
[Title 11 - FEDERAL ELECTIONS]
[Chapter I - FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION]
[Subchapter A - GENERAL]
[Part 100 - SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431)]
[Sec. 100.22 - Expressly advocating (2 U.S.C. 431(17)).]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


11FEDERAL ELECTIONS12002-01-012002-01-01falseExpressly advocating (2 U.S.C. 431(17)).100.22Sec. 100.22FEDERAL ELECTIONSFEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSIONGENERALSCOPE AND DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431)
Sec. 100.22  Expressly advocating (2 U.S.C. 431(17)).

    Expressly advocating means any communication that--(a) Uses phrases 
such as ``vote for the President,'' ``re-elect your Congressman,'' 
``support the Democratic nominee,'' ``cast your ballot for the 
Republican challenger for U.S. Senate in Georgia,'' ``Smith for 
Congress,'' ``Bill McKay in '94,'' ``vote Pro-Life'' or ``vote Pro-
Choice'' accompanied by a listing of clearly identified candidates 
described as Pro-Life or Pro-Choice, ``vote against Old Hickory,'' 
``defeat'' accompanied by a picture of one or more candidate(s), 
``reject the incumbent,'' or communications of campaign slogan(s) or 
individual word(s), which in context can have no other reasonable 
meaning than to urge the election or defeat of one or more clearly 
identified candidate(s), such as posters, bumper stickers, 
advertisements, etc. which say ``Nixon's the One,'' ``Carter '76,'' 
``Reagan/Bush'' or ``Mondale!''; or
    (b) When taken as a whole and with limited reference to external 
events, such as the proximity to the election, could only be interpreted 
by a reasonable person as containing advocacy of the election or defeat 
of one or more clearly identified candidate(s) because--
    (1) The electoral portion of the communication is unmistakable, 
unambiguous, and suggestive of only one meaning; and
    (2) Reasonable minds could not differ as to whether it encourages 
actions to elect or defeat one or more clearly identified candidate(s) 
or encourages some other kind of action.

[60 FR 35304, July 6, 1995]