[Title 28 CFR T]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - July 1, 2002 Edition]
[Title 28 - JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION]
[Chapter I - DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE]
[Part 0 - ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE]
[Subpart T - United States Marshals Service]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
28JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION12002-07-012002-07-01falseUnited States Marshals ServiceTSubpart TJUDICIAL ADMINISTRATIONDEPARTMENT OF JUSTICEORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Subpart T--United States Marshals Service
Sec. 0.111 General functions.
The Director of the United States Marshals Service shall direct and
supervise all activities of the U.S. Marshals Service including:
(a) Execution of Federal arrest warrants pursuant to rule 4 of the
Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Federal parole violator warrants
pursuant to section 4206 of title 18 U.S. Code, and Federal custodial
and extradition warrants as directed.
(b) The service of all civil and criminal process emanating from the
Federal judicial system including the execution of lawful writs and
court orders pursuant to section 569(b), title 28, U.S. Code.
(c) Provisions for the health, safety, and welfare of Government
witnesses and their families, including the psychological well-being and
social adjustment of such persons, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3521, et seq.,
and issuance of necessary regulations for this purpose on behalf of the
(d) Administration and implementation of courtroom security
requirements for the Federal judiciary.
(e) Protection of Federal jurists, court officers, and other
threatened persons in the interests of justice where criminal
intimidation impedes the functioning of the Federal judicial process.
(f) Provision of assistance in the protection of Federal property
(g) Direction and supervision of a training school for United States
Marshals Service personnel.
(h) Disbursement of appropriated funds to satisfy Government
obligations incurred in the administration of justice pursuant to 28
(i) Maintenance of custody, management control, and disposal of
property and money seized or forfeited pursuant to any law enforced or
administered by the Department of Justice, when the property is seized
by the U.S. Marshals
Service or delivered to the U.S. Marshals Service in accordance with
regulations; and administer the Department of Justice Asset Forfeiture
(j) Receipt, processing and transportation of prisoners held in the
custody of a marshal or transported by the U.S. Marshals Service under
cooperative or intergovernmental agreements.
(k) Sustention of custody of Federal prisoners from the time of
their arrest by a marshal or their remand to a marshal by the court,
until the prisoner is committed by order of the court to the custody of
the Attorney General for the service of sentence, otherwise released
from custody by the court, or returned to the custody of the U.S. Parole
Commission or the Bureau of Prisons.
(l) Coordination and direction of the relationship of the offices of
U.S. Marshals with the other organizational units of the Department of
(m) Approval of staffing requirements of the offices of U.S.
(n) Investigation of alleged improper conduct on the part of U.S.
Marshals Service personnel.
(o) Acquisition of adequate and suitable detention space, health
care and other services and materials required to support prisoners
under the custody of the U.S. Marshal who are not housed in Federal
(p) Approval of ``other necessary expenditures in the line of duty''
of U.S. Marshals and Deputy U.S. Marshals under 28 U.S.C. 567(3).
(q) Exercising the power and authority vested in the Attorney
General under 28 U.S.C. 510 to conduct and investigate fugitive matters,
domestic and foreign, involving escaped federal prisoners, probation,
parole, mandatory release, and bond default violators.
[Order No. 516-73, 38 FR 12917, May 17, 1973, as amended by Order No.
905-80, 45 FR 52145, Aug. 6, 1980; Order No. 960-81, 46 FR 52348, Oct.
27, 1981; Order No. 1108-85, 50 FR 40197, Oct. 2, 1985; Order No. 1131-
86, 51 FR 15612, Apr. 25, 1986; Order No. 1376-89, 54 FR 47353, Nov. 14,
Sec. 0.111a Temporary prisoner-witness transfers.
The Director of the United States Marshals Service and officers of
the United States Marshals Service designated by him are authorized to
exercise the power and authority vested in the Attorney General under 18
U.S.C. 3508 to receive custody from foreign authorities of prisoner-
witnesses whose temporary transfer to the United States has been
requested; to transport such persons in custody from the cooperating
foreign country to the place in the United States at which the criminal
proceedings in which they are to testify are pending; to maintain such
persons in custody while they are in the United States, subject to any
agreement entered into by the Assistant Attorney General for the
Criminal Division or his or her delegee with the transferring country
regarding the terms or conditions of the transfer; and to return such
persons, in custody, to the foreign country when and in the manner
designated by the Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division
or his or her delegee. The Director of the United States Marshals
Service and officers of the United States Marshals Service designated by
him shall also be authorized to transport, surrender, receive and
maintain custody of prisoner-witnesses temporarily transferred from or
to the United States pursuant to a treaty, executive agreement, or other
legal authority, and accept reimbursement from foreign authorities when
[Order No. 1913-94, 59 FR 46551, Sept. 9, 1994]
Sec. 0.111B Witness Security Program.
(a) In connection with the protection of a witness, a potential
witness, or an immediate family member or close associate of a witness
or potential witness, the Director of the United States Marshals Service
and officers of the United States Marshals Service designated by the
(1) Provide suitable documents to enable the person to establish a
new identity or otherwise protect the person;
(2) Provide housing for the person;
(3) Provide for the transportation of household furniture and other
personal property to a new residence of the person;
(4) Provide to the person a payment to meet basic living expenses in
a sum established in accordance with regulations issued by the Director,
time as the Attorney General determines to be warranted;
(5) Assist the person in obtaining employment;
(6) Provide other services necessary to assist the person in
(7) Protect the confidentiality of the identify and location of
persons subject to registration requirements as convicted offenders
under Federal or State law, including prescribing alternative procedures
to those otherwise provided by Federal or State law for registration and
tracking of such persons; and
(8) Exempt procurement for services, materials, and supplies, and
the renovation and construction of safe sites within existing buildings
from other provision of law as may be required to maintain the security
of protective witnesses and the integrity of the Witness Security
(b) The identity or location or any other information concerning a
person receiving protection under 18 U.S.C. 3521 et seq., or any other
matter concerning the person or the Program, shall not be disclosed
except at the direction of the Attorney General, the Assistant Attorney
General in charge of the Criminal Division, or the Director of the
Witness Security Program. However, upon request of State or local law
enforcement officials, the Director shall, without undue delay, disclose
to such officials the identity, location, criminal records, and
fingerprints relating to the person relocated or protected when the
Director knows or the request indicates that the person is under
investigation for or has been arrested for or charged with an offense
that is punishable by more than one year in prison or that is a crime of
[Order No. 2511-2001, 66 FR 47383, Sept. 12, 2001]
Sec. 0.112 Special deputation.
The Director, United States Marshals Service, is authorized to
deputize the following persons to perform the functions of a Deputy U.S.
Marshal in any district designated by the Director:
(a) Selected officers or employees of the Department of Justice;
(b) Selected federal, state, or local law enforcement officers
whenever the law enforcement needs of the U.S. Marshals Service so
(c) Selected employees of private security companies in providing
courtroom security for the Federal judiciary;
(d) Other persons designated by the Associate Attorney General
pursuant to 28 CFR 0.19(a)(3).
All such deputations shall expire on a date certain which shall be
stated on the face of the deputation.
[Order No. 1047-84, 49 FR 6485, Feb. 22, 1984, as amended at 61 FR
33657, June 28, 1996]
Sec. 0.113 Redelegation of authority.
The Director, U.S. Marshals Service, is authorized to redelegate to
any of his subordinates any of the powers and functions vested in him by
this subpart, except that the authority to approve ``other necessary
expenditures in the line of duty'' of U.S. Marshals and Deputy U.S.
Marshals may not be delegated below the Assistant Director level.
[Order No. 905-80, 45 FR 52145, Aug. 6, 1980]
Sec. 0.114 Fees for services.
(a) The United States Marshals Service shall routinely collect fees
according to the following schedule:
(1) For process forwarded for service from one U.S. Marshals Service
Office or suboffice to another--$8 per item forwarded;
(2) For process served by mail--$8 per item mailed;
(3) For process served or executed personally--$45 per hour (or
portion thereof) for each item served by one U.S. Marshals Service
employee, agent, or contractor, plus travel costs and any other out-of-
pocket expenses. For each additional U.S. Marshals Service employee,
agent, or contractor who is needed to serve process--$45 per person per
hour for each item served, plus travel costs and any other out-of-pocket
(4) For copies at the request of any party--$.10 per page;
(5) For preparing notice of sale, bill of sale, or U.S. Marshal
deed--$20 per item;
(6) For keeping and advertisement of property attached-- actual
expenses incurred in seizing, maintaining, and disposing of property.
(b) Out-of-pocket expenses include, but are not limited to,
advertising, inventorying, storage, moving, insurance, guard hire,
prisoner transportation and housing, and any other third-party
expenditure incurred in executing process.
(c) Travel costs, including mileage, shall be calculated according
to 5 U.S.C. chapter 57.
(d) ``Item'' is defined as all documents issued in one action which
are served simultaneously on one person or organization.
(e) ``Process'' is defined to include, but is not limited to, a
summons and complaint, subpoena, writ, orders, and the execution of
court-ordered injunctions, and civil commitments on behalf of a
requesting party. Process may also include the execution of ancillary
court orders (other than subpoenas issued on behalf of indigent
defendants and arrest warrants) in criminal cases.
(f) The United States Marshals Service shall collect the fees
enumerated in paragraph (a) of this section, where applicable, even when
process in returned to the court or the party unexecuted, as long as
service is endeavored.
(g) Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 565, the Director of the United States
Marshals Service is authorized to use funds appropriated for the Service
to make payments for expenses incurred pursuant to personal services
contracts and cooperative agreements for the service of summonses on
complaints, subpoenas, and notices, and for security guards.
(h) The United States Marshals Service shall collect a commission of
3 percent of the first $1,000 collected and 1.5 percent on the excess of
any sum over $1,000, for seizing or levying on property (including
seizures in admiralty), disposing of such property by sale, setoff, or
otherwise, and receiving and paying over money, except that the amount
of commission shall not be less than $100.00 and shall not exceed
$50,000. The U.S. Marshal's commission shall apply to all judicially
ordered sales and/or execution sales, including but not limited to all
private mortgage foreclosure sales. if the property is not disposed of
by Marshal's sale, the commission shall be set by the court within the
range established above.
[56 FR 2437, Jan 23, 1991, as amended by Order No. 2316-2000, 65 FR
47862, Aug. 4, 2000]