[Title 33 CFR S]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - July 1, 2005 Edition]
[Title 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS]
[Chapter I - COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)]
[Subchapter S - BOATING SAFETY]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


33NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS22005-07-012005-07-01falseBOATING SAFETYSSUBCHAPTER SNAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERSCOAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED)
                       SUBCHAPTER S_BOATING SAFETY





PART 173_VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING--Table 
of Contents




                            Subpart A_General

Sec.
173.1 Purpose.
173.3 Definitions.

                           Subpart B_Numbering

173.11 Applicability.
173.13 Exemptions.
173.15 Vessel number required.
173.17 Reciprocity.
173.19 Other numbers prohibited.
173.21 Certificate of number required.
173.23 Inspection of certificate.
173.25 Location of certificate of number.
173.27 Numbers: Display; size; color.
173.29 Notification to issuing authority.
173.31 Surrender of certificate of number.
173.33 Removal of number.
173.35 Coast Guard validation sticker.

                Subpart C_Casualty and Accident Reporting

173.51 Applicability.
173.53 Immediate notification of death or disappearance.
173.55 Report of casualty or accident.
173.57 Contents of report.
173.59 Where to submit report.

                Subpart D_Issue of Certificate of Number

173.71 Application for certificate of number.
173.73 Duplicate certificate of number.
173.75 Temporary certificate.
173.77 Validity of certificate of number.
173.79 Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.
173.81 Coast Guard forms for numbering and casualty reporting.
173.83 Availability of Coast Guard forms.
173.85 Fees levied by the Coast Guard.

Appendix A to Part 173--Issuing Authorities and Reporting Authorities

    Authority: 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2110, 6101, 12301, 12302; OMB 
Circular A-25; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.

    Source: CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, unless otherwise 
noted.



                            Subpart A_General



Sec. 173.1  Purpose.

    This part prescribes requirements for numbering vessels and for 
reporting casualties and accidents to implement sections 6101, 6102, 
12301 and 12302 of Title 46, United States Code.

[CGD 89-048, 54 FR 27002, June 27, 1989, as amended by USCG-2003-15404, 
68 FR 37741, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 173.3  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Issuing authority means a State that has a numbering system 
approved by the Coast Guard or the Coast Guard where a number system has 
not been approved. Issuing authorities are listed in Appendix A of this 
part.
    (c) Operator means the person who is in control or in charge of a 
vessel while it is in use.
    (d) Owner means a person who claims lawful possession of a vessel by 
virtue of legal title or equitable interest therein which entitles him 
to such possession.
    (e) Person means an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, 
company, association, joint-stock association, or governmental entity 
and includes a trustee, receiver, assignee, or similar representative of 
any of them.
    (f) Reporting authority means a State that has a numbering system 
approved by the Coast Guard or the Coast Guard where a numbering system 
has not been approved. Reporting authorities are listed in Appendix A of 
this part.
    (g) State means a State of the United States, the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the District 
of Columbia.
    (h) State of principal use means the State on whose waters a vessel 
is used or to be used most during a calendar year.
    (i) Use means operate, navigate, or employ.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 77-117A, 43 FR 
17941, Apr. 27, 1978; CGD 89-048, 54 FR 2702, June 27, 1989]

[[Page 837]]



                           Subpart B_Numbering



Sec. 173.11  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to each vessel equipped with propulsion 
machinery of any type used on waters subject to the jurisdiction of the 
United States and on the high seas beyond the territorial seas for 
vessels owned in the United States except:
    (a) Foreign vessels temporarily using waters subject to U.S. 
jurisdiction;
    (b) Military or public vessels of the United States, except 
recreational-type public vessels;
    (c) A vessel whose owner is a State or subdivision thereof, which is 
used principally for governmental purposes, and which is clearly 
identifiable as such;
    (d) Ships' lifeboats;
    (e) A vessel which has or is required to have a valid marine 
document as a vessel of the United States.



Sec. 173.13  Exemptions.

    Where the Coast Guard issues numbers, the following classes of 
vessels are exempt, under Section 12303 of Title 46, United States Code, 
from the numbering provisions of Sections 12301 and 12302 of Title 46, 
United States Code, and this part:
    (a) A vessel that is used exclusively for racing.
    (b) A vessel equipped with propulsion machinery of less than 10 
horsepower that:
    (1) Is owned by the owner of a vessel for which a valid certificate 
of number has been issued;
    (2) Displays the number of that numbered vessel followed by the 
suffix ``1'' in the manner prescribed in Sec. 173.27; and
    (3) Is used as a tender for direct transportation between that 
vessel and the shore and for no other purpose.



Sec. 173.15  Vessel number required.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. 173.17, no person may use a vessel 
to which this part applies unless:
    (1) It has a number issued on a certificate of number by the issuing 
authority in the State in which the vessel is principally used; and
    (2) The number is displayed as described in Sec. 173.27.
    (b) This section does not apply to a vessel for which a valid 
temporary certificate has been issued to its owner by the issuing 
authority in the State in which the vessel is principally used.



Sec. 173.17  Reciprocity.

    (a) Section 12302(c) of Title 46, United States Code, states:

    When a vessel is numbered in a State, it is deemed in compliance 
with the numbering system of a State in which it temporarily is 
operated.

    (b) Section 12302(d) of Title 46, United States Code, states:

    When a vessel is removed to a new State of principal operation, the 
issuing authority of that State shall recognize the validity of the 
number issued by the original State for 60 days.

[CGD 89-048, 54 FR 27002, June 27, 1989]



Sec. 173.19  Other numbers prohibited.

    No person may use a vessel to which this part applies that has any 
number that is not issued by an issuing authority for that vessel on its 
forward half.



Sec. 173.21  Certificate of number required.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 173.13 and 173.17, no person 
may use a vessel to which this part applies unless it has on board:
    (1) A valid certificate of number or temporary certificate for that 
vessel issued by the issuing authority in the State in which the vessel 
is principally used; or
    (2) For the vessel described in paragraph (b) of this section, a 
copy of the lease or rental agreement, signed by the owner or his or her 
authorized representative and by the person leasing or renting the 
vessel, that contains at least:
    (i) The vessel number that appears on the certificate of number; and
    (ii) The period of time for which the vessel is leased or rented.
    (b) Section 12304(a) of Title 46, United States Code, states in 
part: The certificate of number for a vessel less than 26 feet in length 
and leased or rented to another for the latter's noncommercial operation 
of less than 7 days may be retained on shore by the vessel's owner or 
representative at the place from which the vessel departs or returns to

[[Page 838]]

the possession of the owner or the owner's representative.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 77-117A, 43 FR 
17941, Apr. 27, 1978; CGD 89-048, 54 FR 27002, June 27, 1989; USCG-2003-
15404, 68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 173.23  Inspection of certificate.

    Each person using a vessel to which this part applies shall present 
the certificate or lease or rental agreement required by Sec. 173.21 to 
any Federal, State, or local law enforcement officer for inspection at 
his or her request.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by USCG-2003-15404, 
68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 173.25  Location of certificate of number.

    No person may use a vessel to which this part applies unless the 
certificate or lease or rental agreement required by Sec. 173.21 is 
carried on board in such a manner that it can be handed to a person 
authorized under Sec. 173.23 to inspect it.



Sec. 173.27  Numbers: Display; size; color.

    (a) Each number required by Sec. 173.15 must:
    (1) Be painted on or permanently attached to each side of the 
forward half of the vessel except as allowed by paragraph (b) or 
required by paragraph (c) of this section;
    (2) Be in plain vertical block characters of not less than 3 inches 
in height;
    (3) Contrast with the color of the background and be distinctly 
visible and legible;
    (4) Have spaces or hyphens that are equal to the width of a letter 
other than ``I'' or a number other than ``1'' between the letter and 
number groupings (Example: DC 5678 EF or DC-5678-EF); and
    (5) Read from left to right.
    (b) When a vessel is used by a manufacturer or by a dealer for 
testing or demonstrating, the number may be painted on or attached to 
removable plates that are temporarily but firmly attached to each side 
of the forward half of the vessel.
    (c) On vessels so configured that a number on the hull or 
superstructure would not be easily visible, the number must be painted 
on or attached to a backing plate that is attached to the forward half 
of the vessel so that the number is visible from each side of the 
vessel.
    (d) Each number displayed on a tender exempted under Sec. 173.13 
must meet the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section and have a 
space or hyphen that is equal to the width of a letter other than ``I'' 
or a number other than ``1'' between the suffix and the number. 
(Example: DC 5678 EF 1 or DC-5678-EF-1.)



Sec. 173.29  Notification to issuing authority.

    A person whose name appears as the owner of a vessel on a 
certificate of number shall, within 15 days, notify the issuing 
authority in a manner prescribed by the issuing authority of:
    (a) Any change in his or her address;
    (b) The theft or recovery of the vessel;
    (c) The loss or destruction of a valid certificate of number;
    (d) The transfer of all or part of his or her interest in the 
vessel; and
    (e) The destruction or abandonment of the vessel.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by USCG-2003-15404, 
68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 173.31  Surrender of certificate of number.

    A person whose name appears as the owner of a vessel on a 
certificate of number shall surrender the certificate in a manner 
prescribed by the issuing authority within 15 days after it becomes 
invalid under paragraph (b), (c), (d), or (e) of Sec. 173.77.



Sec. 173.33  Removal of number.

    The person whose name appears on a certificate of number as the 
owner of a vessel shall remove the number and validation sticker from 
the vessel when:
    (a) The vessel is documented by the Coast Guard;
    (b) The certificate of number is invalid under paragraph (c) of 
Sec. 173.77; or
    (c) The vessel is no longer principally used in the State where the 
certificate was issued.

[[Page 839]]



Sec. 173.35  Coast Guard validation sticker.

    No person may use a vessel except a vessel exempted in Sec. 173.13 
that has a number issued by the Coast Guard unless it has the validation 
sticker issued with the certificate of number displayed within 6 inches 
of the number.



                Subpart C_Casualty and Accident Reporting



Sec. 173.51  Applicability.

    (a) This subpart applies to each vessel used on waters subject to 
the jurisdiction of the United States and on the high seas beyond the 
territorial seas for vessels owned in the United States that:
    (1) Is used by its operator for recreational purposes; or
    (2) Is required to be numbered under this part.
    (b) This subpart does not apply to a vessel subject to inspection 
under Title 46 U.S.C. Chapter 33.

[CDG 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CDG 84-099, 52 FR 
47533, Dec. 14, 1987]



Sec. 173.53  Immediate notification of death or disappearance.

    (a) When, as a result of an occurrence that involves a vessel or its 
equipment, a person dies or disappears from a vessel, the operator 
shall, without delay, by the quickest means available, notify the 
nearest reporting authority listed in Appendix A of this part of:
    (1) The date, time, and exact location of the occurrence;
    (2) The name of each person who died or disappeared;
    (3) The number and name of the vessel; and
    (4) The names and addresses of the owner and operator.
    (b) When the operator of a vessel cannot give the notice required by 
paragraph (a) of this section, each person on board the vessel shall 
notify the casualty reporting authority or determine that the notice has 
been given.



Sec. 173.55  Report of casualty or accident.

    (a) The operator of a vessel shall submit the casualty or accident 
report prescribed in Sec. 173.57 to the reporting authority prescribed 
in Sec. 173.59 when, as a result of an occurrence that involves the 
vessel or its equipment:
    (1) A person dies;
    (2) A person is injured and requires medical treatment beyond first 
aid;
    (3) Damage to vessels and other property totals $2,000 or more or 
there is a complete loss of any vessel;
    (4) A person disappears from the vessel under circumstances that 
indicate death or injury.
    (b) A report required by this section must be made:
    (1) Within 48 hours of the occurrence if a person dies within 24 
hours of the occurrence;
    (2) Within 48 hours of the occurrence if a person is injured and 
requires medical treatment beyond first aid, or disappears from a 
vessel; and
    (3) Within 10 days of the occurrence or death if an earlier report 
is not required by this paragraph.
    (c) When the operator of a vessel cannot submit the casualty or 
accident report required by paragraph (a) of this section, the owner 
shall submit the casualty or accident report.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 76-155, 44 FR 
5308, Jan. 25, 1979; CGD 82-015, 54 FR 5610, Feb. 6, 1989; USCG-1999-
6094, 66 FR 21675, May 1, 2001; 66 FR 33845, June 26, 2001; USCG-1999-
6094, 67 FR 14645, Mar. 27, 2002]



Sec. 173.57  Contents of report.

    Each report required by Sec. 173.55 must be in writing, dated upon 
completion, and signed by the person who prepared it and must contain, 
if available, at least the following information about the casualty or 
accident:
    (a) The numbers and names of each vessel involved.
    (b) The name and address of each owner of each vessel involved.
    (c) The name of the nearest city or town, the county, the State, and 
the body of water.
    (d) The time and date the casualty or accident occurred.
    (e) The location on the water.
    (f) The visibility, weather, and water conditions.
    (g) The estimated air and water temperatures.

[[Page 840]]

    (h) The name, address, age, or date of birth, telephone number, 
vessel operating experience, and boating safety training of the operator 
making the report.
    (i) The name and address of each operator of each vessel involved.
    (j) The number of persons on board or towed on skis by each vessel.
    (k) The name, address, and date of birth of each person injured or 
killed.
    (l) The cause of each death.
    (m) Weather forecasts available to, and weather reports used by, the 
operator before and during the use of the vessel.
    (n) The name and address of each owner of property involved.
    (o) The availability and use of personal flotation devices.
    (p) The type and amount of each fire extinguisher used.
    (q) The nature and extent of each injury.
    (r) A description of all property damage and vessel damage with an 
estimate of the cost of all repairs.
    (s) A description of each equipment failure that caused or 
contributed to the cause of the casualty.
    (t) A description of the vessel casualty or accident.
    (u) The type of vessel operation (cruising, drifting, fishing, 
hunting, skiing, racing, or other), and the type of accident (capsizing, 
sinking, fire, or explosion or other).
    (v) The opinion of the person making the report as to the cause of 
the casualty, including whether or not alcohol or drugs, or both, was a 
cause or contributed to causing the casualty.
    (w) The make, model, type (open, cabin, house, or other), beam width 
at widest point, length, depth from transom to keel, horsepower, 
propulsion (outboard, inboard, inboard outdrive, sail, or other), fuel 
(gas, diesel, or other), construction (wood, steel, aluminum, plastic, 
fiberglass, or other), and year built (model year), of the reporting 
operator's vessel.
    (x) The name, address, and telephone number of each witness.
    (y) The manufacturer's hull identification number, if any, of the 
reporting operator's vessel.
    (z) The name, address, and telephone number of the person submitting 
the report.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 84-099, 52 FR 
47533, Dec. 14, 1987; USCG-2003-15404, 68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 173.59  Where to submit report.

    A report required by Sec. 173.55 must be submitted to:
    (a) The reporting authority listed in Appendix A of this part where 
the vessel number was issued, or, if the vessel has no number, where the 
vessel is principally used; or
    (b) The reporting authority where the casualty or accident occurred, 
if it occurred outside the State where the vessel is numbered or 
principally used.



                Subpart D_Issue of Certificate of Number



Sec. 173.71  Application for certificate of number.

    Any person who is the owner of a vessel to which Sec. 173.11 
applies may apply for a certificate of number for that vessel by 
submitting to the issuing authority, listed in Appendix A of this part, 
where the vessel will principally be used:
    (a) An application on a form and in a manner prescribed by the 
issuing authority; and
    (b) The fee required by the issuing authority.



Sec. 173.73  Duplicate certificate of number.

    If a certificate of number is lost or destroyed, the person whose 
name appears on the certificate as the owner may apply for a duplicate 
certificate by submitting to the issuing authority that issued the 
certificate:
    (a) An application on a form or in a manner prescribed by the 
issuing authority; and
    (b) The fee required by the issuing authority, if any.



Sec. 173.75  Temporary certificate.

    A temporary certificate valid for not more than 60 days after it is 
issued may be issued by an issuing authority pending the issue of a 
certificate of number. A temporary certificate is not

[[Page 841]]

valid after the date that the owner receives the certificate of number 
from the issuing authority.



Sec. 173.77  Validity of certificate of number.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), and (e) of this 
section, a certificate of number is valid until the date of expiration 
prescribed by the issuing authority.
    (b) A certificate of number issued by an issuing authority is 
invalid after the date upon which:
    (1) The vessel is documented or required to be documented under Part 
67 of Title 46, Code of Federal Regulations;
    (2) The person whose name appears on the certificate of number as 
owner of the vessel transfer all of his or her ownership in the vessel; 
or
    (3) The vessel is destroyed or abandoned.
    (c) A certificate of number issued by an issuing authority is 
invalid if:
    (1) The application for the certificate of number contains a false 
or fraudulent statement; or
    (2) The fees for the issuance of the certificate of number are not 
paid.
    (d) A certificate of number is invalid 60 days after the day on 
which the vessel is no longer principally used in the State where the 
certificate was issued.
    (e) The certificate of number is invalid when the person whose name 
appears on the certificate involuntarily loses his or her interest in 
the numbered vessel by legal process.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by USCG-2003-15404, 
68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 173.79  Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.

    A certificate of number issued by the Coast Guard expires 3 years 
from the date it is issued.



Sec. 173.81  Coast Guard forms for numbering and casualty reporting.

    (a) In a State where the Coast Guard is the issuing authority, the 
following Coast Guard forms must be used:
    (1) Each application for a certificate of number or renewal must be 
made on two-part Form CG-3876 and 3876A, Application for Number and 
Temporary Certificate.
    (2) Each notification required by Sec. 173.29(b) must be made on 
Form CG- 2921, Notification of Change in Status of Vessel.
    (3) Each notification required by Sec. 173.29(a) must be made on 
Form CG- 3920, Change of Address Notice.
    (4) Each notification required by Sec. 173.29(c) must be made in 
writing.
    (5) Each application for a duplicate certificate of number must be 
made on two-part Form CG-3919 and CG-3919A, Application for Duplicate 
Certificate of Number and Temporary Duplicate Certificate.
    (6) Each vessel casualty required to be reported by Sec. 173.55 
must be made on Form CG-3865.
    (b) Each surrender of a certificate of number required by Sec. 
173.31 may be made in any form but must contain a written statement as 
to why the certificate is being surrendered.



Sec. 173.83  Availability of Coast Guard forms.

    In a State where the Coast Guard is the issuing authority, forms 
required by Sec. 173.81 are available at all manned Coast Guard shore 
units, except light and loran stations and except for Form CG-3865, at 
all first- and second-class and some third- and fourth-class post 
offices.



Sec. 173.85  Fees levied by the Coast Guard.

    (a) In a State where the Coast Guard is the issuing authority, the 
fees for issuing certificates of number are:
    (1) Original or transferred certificate of number and two validation 
stickers--$24.
    (2) Renewed certificate of number and two validation stickers--$16.
    (3) Duplicate certificate of number--$9.
    (4) Replacement of lost or destroyed validation stickers--$9.
    (b) Fees are payable by check or money-order made payable to the 
``U.S. Coast Guard''; by major credit card (MasterCard or Visa); or, 
when the owner applies in person, in cash.

[USCG-1998-3386, 64 FR 36243, July 6, 1999]

[[Page 842]]

  Appendix A to Part 173--Issuing Authorities and Reporting Authorities

    (a) The State is the issuing authority and reporting authority in:

                                  state

Alabama--AL.
Alaska--AK.
American Samoa--AS.
Arizona--AZ.
Arkansas--AR.
California--CF.
Colorado--CL.
Connecticut--CT.
Delaware--DL.
District of Colum-
 bia--DC.
Florida--FL.
Georgia--GA.
Guam--GU.
Hawaii--HA.
Idaho--ID.
Illinois--IL.
Indiana--IN.
Iowa--IA.
Kansas--KA.
Kentucky--KY.
Louisiana--LA.
Maine--ME.
Maryland--MD.
Massachusetts--MS.
Michigan--MC.
Minnesota--MN.
Mississippi--MI.
Missouri--MO.
Montana--MT.
Nebraska--NB.
Nevada--NV.
New Hampshire--NH.
New Jersey--NJ.
New Mexico--NM.
New York--NY.
North Carolina--NC.
North Dakota--ND.
Northern Mariana Islands--CM.
Ohio--OH.
Oklahoma--OK.
Oregon--OR.
Pennsylvania--PA.
Puerto Rico--PR.
Rhode Island--RI.
South Carolina--SC.
South Dakota--SD.
Tennessee--TN.
Texas--TX.
Utah--UT.
Vermont--VT.
Virginia--VA.
Virgin Islands--VI.
Washington--WN.
West Virginia--WV.
Wisconsin--WS.
Wyoming--WY.
    (b) The Coast Guard is the issuing authority and reporting authority 
in:

                                  state

[Reserved]
    (c) The abbreviations following the names of the State listed in 
paragraphs (a) and (b) are the two capital letters that must be used in 
the number format to denote the State of principal use as prescribed in 
Sec. 174.23 of this chapter.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21399, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 76-076, 41 FR 
23401, June 10, 1976; CGD 89-048, 54 FR 27002, June 27, 1989; USCG-2001-
9286, 66 FR 33642, June 25, 2001]



PART 174_STATE NUMBERING AND CASUALTY REPORTING SYSTEMS--Table of Contents




                            Subpart A_General

Sec.
174.1 Applicability.
174.3 Definitions.
174.5 Requirements for approval.
174.7 Approval procedure.

                 Subpart B_Numbering System Requirements

174.11 Applicability of State numbering system.
174.13 Owner or operator requirements.
174.14 State numbering system optional sections.
174.15 Validation stickers.
174.17 Contents of application for certificate of number.
174.19 Contents of a certificate of number.
174.21 Contents of temporary certificate.
174.23 Form of number.
174.25 Size of certificate of number.
174.27 Duration of certificate of number.
174.29 Temporary certificate of number.
174.31 Terms imposed by States for numbering of vessels.

            Subpart C_Casualty Reporting System Requirements

174.101 Applicability of State casualty reporting system.
174.103 Administration.
174.105 Owner or operator casualty reporting requirements.
174.106 State casualty reporting system optional sections.
174.107 Contents of casualty or accident report form.

                         Subpart D_State Reports

174.121 Forwarding of casualty or accident reports.
174.123 Annual report of numbered vessels.
174.125 Coast Guard address.

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 6101 and 12302; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 0170.1 (92).

    Source: CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, unless otherwise 
noted.



                            Subpart A_General



Sec. 174.1  Applicability.

    This part establishes a standard numbering system for vessels and a 
uniform vessel casualty reporting system for vessels by prescribing 
requirements applicable to the States for the approval of State 
numbering systems.



Sec. 174.3  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    Operator means the person who is in control or in charge of a vessel 
while it is in use.
    Owner means a person who claims lawful possession of a vessel by 
virtue of legal title or equitable interest

[[Page 843]]

therein which entitles him or her to such possession.
    Reporting authority means a State where a numbering system has been 
approved by the Coast Guard or the Coast Guard where a numbering system 
has not been approved. Reporting authorities are listed in Appendix A of 
Part 173 of this chapter.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 96-026, 61 FR 
33669, June 28, 1996; CGD 97-023, 62 FR 33365, June 19, 1997; USCG-2003-
15404, 68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 174.5  Requirements for approval.

    The Commandant approves a State numbering system if he or she finds, 
after examination of the information submitted by a State, that the 
State numbering system and vessel casualty reporting system meet the 
requirements of this part, 46 U.S.C. 6102, and 46 U.S.C. Chapter 123.

[CGD 97-023, 62 FR 33365, June 19, 1997, as amended by USCG-1998-3799, 
63 FR 35533, June 30, 1998; USCG-2003-15404, 68 FR 37742, June 25, 2003]



Sec. 174.7  Approval procedure.

    To obtain approval by the Commandant of a numbering system or of any 
revision to a numbering system, an authorized representative of the 
State must submit three copies of the State laws, regulations, forms, 
and policy statements, if any, that pertain to the numbering system or 
revision to Office of Boating Safety, 2100 Second Street SW., 
Washington, DC 20593-0001.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 82-010, 48 FR 
8273, Feb. 28, 1983; CGD 88-052, 53 FR 25122, July 1, 1988; CGD 96-026, 
61 FR 33669, June 28, 1996]



                 Subpart B_Numbering System Requirements



Sec. 174.11  Applicability of State numbering system.

    (a) Except as allowed in paragraph (c) of this section, a State 
numbering system must require the numbering of vessels to which Sec. 
173.11 of this chapter applies.
    (b) A State numbering system may require the numbering of any vessel 
subject to the jurisdiction of the State unless prohibited by the 
regulations in Part 173 of this chapter.
    (c) A State numbering system may exempt from its numbering 
requirements any vessel or class of vessels to which Sec. 173.13 of 
this chapter applies.



Sec. 174.13  Owner or operator requirements.

    A State numbering system must contain the requirements applicable to 
an owner or a person operating a vessel that are prescribed in the 
following sections of Part 173:
    (a) Paragraph (a) of Sec. 173.15 Vessel number required.
    (b) Section 173.19 Other numbers prohibited.
    (c) Paragraph (a) of Sec. 173.21 Certificate of number required.
    (d) Section 173.23 Inspection of certificate.
    (e) Section 173.25 Location of certificate of number.
    (f) Section 173.29 Notification of issuing authority.
    (g) Section 173.71 Application for certificate of number.
    (h) Section 173.73 Duplicate certificate of number.
    (i) Section 173.77 Validity of certificate of number.

(46 U.S.C. 1451, 1467, 1488; 49 CFR 1.46(n)(1))

[CGD 77-117, 44 FR 42195, July 19, 1979]



Sec. 174.14  State numbering system optional sections.

    In addition to the requirements in Sec. 174.13, a State numbering 
system may contain any of the other requirements applicable to a vessel 
owner or operator prescribed in Part 173.

(46 U.S.C. 1451, 1467, 1488; 49 CFR 1.46(n)(1))

[CGD 77-117, 44 FR 42195, July 19, 1979, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34715, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 174.15  Validation stickers.

    (a) If a State issues validation stickers, its numbering system must 
contain the requirements that stickers must be displayed within 6 inches 
of the number and the stickers must meet the requirements in paragraphs 
(b) and (c) of this section.
    (b) Validation stickers must be approximately 3 inches square.

[[Page 844]]

    (c) The year in which each validation sticker expires must be 
indicated by the colors, blue, international orange, green, and red, in 
rotation beginning with blue for stickers that expire in 1973.



Sec. 174.17  Contents of application for certificate of number.

    (a) Each form for application for a certificate of number must 
contain the following information:
    (1) Name of the owner.
    (2) Address of the owner, including ZIP code.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (5) State in which vessel is or will be principally used.
    (6) The number previously issued by an issuing authority for the 
vessel, if any.
    (7) Whether the application is for a new number, renewal of a 
number, or transfer of ownership.
    (8) Whether the vessel is used for pleasure, rent or lease, dealer 
or manufacturer demonstration, commercial passenger carrying, commercial 
fishing, or other commercial use.
    (9) Make of vessel.
    (10) Year vessel was manufactured or model year.
    (11) Manufacturer's hull identification number, if any.
    (12) Overall length of vessel.
    (13) Type of vessel (open, cabin, house, or other).
    (14) Whether the hull is wood, steel, aluminum, fiberglass, plastic, 
or other.
    (15) Whether the propulsion is inboard, outboard, inboard-outdrive, 
sail or other.
    (16) Whether the fuel is gasoline, diesel, or other.
    (17) The signature of the owner.
    (b) An application made by a manufacturer or dealer for a number 
that is to be temporarily affixed to a vessel for demonstration or test 
purposes may omit items 9 through 16 of paragraph (a) of this section.
    (c) An application made by a person who intends to lease or rent the 
vessel without propulsion machinery may omit items 15 and 16 of 
paragraph (a) of this section.

[CGD 79-087, 47 FR 8176, Feb. 25, 1982]



Sec. 174.19  Contents of a certificate of number.

    (a) Except as allowed in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this 
section, each certificate of number must contain the following 
information:
    (1) Number issued to the vessel.
    (2) Expiration date of the certificate.
    (3) State of principal use.
    (4) Name of the owner.
    (5) Address of owner, including ZIP code.
    (6) Whether the vessel is used for pleasure, rent or lease, dealer 
or manufacturer demonstration, commercial passenger carrying, commercial 
fishing or other commercial use.
    (7) Manufacturer's hull identification number (if any).
    (8) Make of vessel.
    (9) Year vessel was manufactured.
    (10) Overall length of vessel.
    (11) Whether the vessel is an open boat, cabin cruiser, houseboat, 
or other type.
    (12) Hull material.
    (13) Whether the propulsion is inboard, outboard, inboard-outdrive, 
or sail.
    (14) Whether the fuel is gasoline, diesel, or other.
    (b) A certificate of number issued to a vessel that has a 
manufacturer's hull identification number assigned, may omit items 8 
through 14 of paragraph (a) of this section if the manufacturer's hull 
identification number is plainly marked on the certificate.
    (c) A certificate of number issued to a manufacturer or dealer to be 
used on a vessel for test or demonstration purposes may omit items 7 
through 14 of paragraph (a) of this section if the word ``manufacturer'' 
or ``dealer'' is plainly marked on the certificate.
    (d) A certificate of number issued to a vessel that is to be rented 
or leased without propulsion machinery may omit items 13 and 14 of 
paragraph (a) of this section if the words ``livery vessel'' are plainly 
marked on the certificate.
    (e) An issuing authority may print on the certificate of number a 
quotation of the State regulations pertaining to change of ownership or 
address, documentation, loss, discovery of vessel, carriage of the 
certificate of number on

[[Page 845]]

board when the vessel is in use, rendering aid in a vessel accident, and 
reporting of vessel casualties and accidents.

(46 U.S.C. 1451, 1467, 1488; 49 CFR 1.46(n)(1))

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 77-117, 44 FR 
42195, July 19, 1979; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34715, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 174.21  Contents of temporary certificate.

    A temporary certificate issued pending the issuance of a certificate 
of number must contain the following information:
    (a) Make of vessel.
    (b) Length of vessel.
    (c) Type of propulsion.
    (d) State in which vessel is principally used.
    (e) Name of owner.
    (f) Address of owner, including ZIP code.
    (g) Signature of owner.
    (h) Date of issuance.
    (i) Notice to the owner that the temporary certificate is invalid 
after 60 days from the date of issuance.



Sec. 174.23  Form of number.

    (a) Each number must consist of two capital letters denoting the 
State of the issuing authority, as specified in Appendix A of Part 173 
of this chapter, followed by--
    (1) Not more than four numerals followed by not more than two 
capital letters (example: NH 1234 BD); or
    (2) Not more than three numerals followed by not more than three 
capital letters (example: WN 567 EFG).
    (b) A number suffix must not include the letters ``I'', ``O'', or 
``Q,'' which may be mistaken for numerals.



Sec. 174.25  Size of certificate of number.

    Each certificate of number must be approximately 2\1/2\ by 3\1/2\ 
inches.



Sec. 174.27  Duration of certificate of number.

    A certificate of number must not be valid for more than 3 years.



Sec. 174.29  Temporary certificate of number.

    A State may issue a temporary certificate of number that is 
effective for not more than 60 days.



Sec. 174.31  Terms imposed by States for numbering of vessels.

    A State numbering system may condition the issuance of a certificate 
of number on--
    (a) Title to, or other proof of ownership of a vessel except a 
recreational-type public vessel of the United States; or
    (b) Proof of liability insurance for a vessel except a recreational-
type public vessel of the United States; or
    (c) The payment of State or local taxes, except for a recreational-
type public vessel of the United States.

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by USCG-2003-15708, 
70 FR 13105, Mar. 18, 2005]



            Subpart C_Casualty Reporting System Requirements



Sec. 174.101  Applicability of State casualty reporting system.

    (a) A State casualty reporting system must require the reporting of 
vessel casualties and accidents involving vessels to which Sec. 173.51 
of this chapter applies.
    (b) The State casualty reporting system may also require vessel 
casualty or accident reports for property damage in amounts less than 
that required under Sec. 173.55 of this chapter.

(46 U.S.C. 1486; 49 CFR 1.46(n)(1))

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 76-155, 44 FR 
5309, Mar. 25, 1979; CGD 82-015, 54 FR 5610, Feb. 6, 1989]



Sec. 174.103  Administration.

    The State casualty reporting system must be administered by a State 
agency that--
    (a) Will provide for the reporting of all casualties and accidents 
prescribed in Sec. 173.55 of this chapter;
    (b) Receives reports of vessel casualties or accidents required in 
Sec. 174.101;
    (c) Reviews each accident and casualty report to assure the accuracy 
and completeness of each report;

[[Page 846]]

    (d) Determines the cause of casualties and accidents reported based 
on information available and indicates the apparent cause on the 
casualty report or on an attached page;
    (e) Notifies the Coast Guard, in writing, when a problem area in 
boating safety peculiar to the State is determined, together, with 
corrective measures instituted or recommended; and
    (f) Reports on vessel numbering and vessel casualties and accidents 
as required in Subpart D of this part.

(46 U.S.C. 1486; 49 CFR 1.46(n)(1))

[CGD 72-54R, 37 FR 21402, Oct. 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 76-155, 44 FR 
5309, Mar. 25, 1979]



Sec. 174.105  Owner or operator casualty reporting requirements.

    A State casualty reporting system must contain the following 
requirements of Part 173 applicable to an owner or a person operating a 
vessel:
    (a) Section 173.55 Report of casualty or accident.
    (b) Section 173.57 Casualty or accident report.
    (c) Section 173.59 Where to report.

(46 U.S.C. 1451, 1467, 1488; 49 CFR 1.46 (n)(1))

[CGD 77-117, 44 FR 42195, July 19, 1979]



Sec. 174.106  State casualty reporting system optional sections.

    In addition to the requirements in Sec. 174.105, a State casualty 
reporting system may contain any of the other requirements applicable to 
a vessel owner or operator prescribed in Part 173.

(46 U.S.C. 1451, 1467, 1488; 49 CFR 1.46 (n)(1))

[CGD 77-117, 44 FR 42195, July 19, 1979, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34715, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 174.107  Contents of casualty or accident report form.

    Each form for reporting a vessel casualty or accident must contain 
the information required in Sec. 173.57 of this chapter.



                         Subpart D_State Reports



Sec. 174.121  Forwarding of casualty or accident reports.

    Within 30 days of the receipt of a casualty or accident report, each 
State that has an approved numbering system must forward a copy of that 
report to the Commandant (G-OPB), U.S. Coast Guard, 2100 Second Street, 
SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001.

[USCG-1998-3799, 63 FR 35533, June 30, 1998, as amended by USCG-2004-
18057, 69 FR 34926, June 23, 2004]



Sec. 174.123  Annual report of numbered vessels.

    Before March 1 of each year, each State that has an approved 
numbering system must prepare and submit Coast Guard Form CGHQ-3923, 
Report of Certificates of Number Issued to Boats, to the Coast Guard.



Sec. 174.125  Coast Guard address.

    The report required by Sec. 174.123 must be sent to the Office of 
Boating Safety, 2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001.

[CGD 88-052, 53 FR 25122, July 1, 1988, as amended by CGD 96-026, 61 FR 
33669, June 28, 1996]



PART 175_EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS--Table of Contents




                            Subpart A_General

Sec.
175.1 Applicability.
175.3 Definitions.
175.5 Exemption from preemption.

                  Subpart B_Personal Flotation Devices

175.11 Applicability.
175.13 Definitions.
175.15 Personal flotation devices required.
175.17 Exemptions.
175.19 Stowage.
175.21 Condition; size and fit; approval marking.
175.23 Serviceable conditions.
175.25 Enforcement of State requirements for children to wear personal 
          flotation devices.

                    Subpart C_Visual Distress Signals

175.101 Applicability.
175.105 Definitions.
175.110 Visual distress signals required.

[[Page 847]]

175.113 Launchers.
175.115 Exceptions.
175.120 Stowage.
175.125 Serviceability.
175.128 Marking.
175.130 Visual distress signals accepted.
175.135 Existing equipment.
175.140 Prohibited use.

                          Subpart D_Ventilation

175.201 Ventilation.

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 4302; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 0170.1.

    Source: CGD 72-120R, 38 FR 8115, Mar. 28, 1973, unless otherwise 
noted.



                            Subpart A_General



Sec. 175.1  Applicability.

    This part prescribes rules governing the use of boats on waters 
subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and on the high seas 
beyond the territorial seas for boats owned in the United States except:
    (a) Foreign boats temporarily using waters subject to U.S. 
jurisdiction;
    (b) Military or public boats of the United States, except 
recreational-type public vessels;
    (c) A boat whose owner is a State or subdivision thereof, which is 
used principally for governmental purposes, and which is clearly 
identifiable as such;
    (d) Ship's lifeboats.
    (e) Seaplanes on the water.

[CGD 72-120R, 38 FR 8115, Mar. 28, 1973, as amended by CGD 92-045, 58 FR 
41607, Aug. 4, 1993]



Sec. 175.3  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    Boat means any vessel--
    (1) Manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use;
    (2) Leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's 
noncommercial use; or
    (3) Operated as an uninspected passenger vessel subject to the 
requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C.
    Passenger means an individual carried on a vessel except--
    (1) The owner or an individual representative of the owner or, in 
the case of a vessel chartered without a crew, an individual charterer, 
or an individual representative of the charterer;
    (2) The master or operator of a recreational vessel; or
    (3) A member of the crew engaged in the business of the vessel, who 
has not contributed consideration for carriage, and who is paid for 
onboard services.
    Racing shell, rowing scull, racing canoe, and racing kayak means a 
manually propelled vessel that is recognized by national or 
international racing associations for use in competitive racing and one 
in which all occupants row, scull, or paddle, with the exception of a 
coxswain, if one is provided, and is not designed to carry and does not 
carry any equipment not solely for competitive racing.
    Recreational vessel means any vessel being manufactured or operated 
primarily for pleasure, or leased, rented, or chartered to another for 
the latter's pleasure. It does not include a vessel engaged in the 
carriage of passengers-for-hire as defined in 46 CFR chapter I, 
subchapter C, or in other subchapters of this title.
    Sailboard means a sail propelled vessel with no freeboard and 
equipped with a swivel mounted mast not secured to a hull by guys or 
stays.
    State means a State or Territory of the United States of America, 
whether a State of the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Marianas Islands, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto 
Rico, or the United States Virgin Islands.
    Use means operate, navigate, or employ.
    Vessel includes every description of watercraft used or capable of 
being used as a means of transportation on the water.

[CGD 92-045, 58 FR 41607, Aug. 4, 1993, as amended by USCG-1999-5040, 67 
FR 34759, May 15, 2002; USCG-2000-8589, 67 FR 42493, June 24, 2002]



Sec. 175.5  Exemption from preemption.

    The States are exempted from preemption by Federal regulations when 
establishing, continuing in effect, or enforcing State laws and 
regulations on the wearing or the carriage of personal flotation devices 
directly related to the following subject areas within the 
jurisdictional boundaries of the State:
    (a) Children on board any vessel;

[[Page 848]]

    (b) Operating a canoe or kayak;
    (c) Operating a sailboard; and
    (d) Operating a personal watercraft.

[CGD 92-045, 58 FR 41608, Aug. 4, 1993]



                  Subpart B_Personal Flotation Devices



Sec. 175.11  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to all recreational vessels that are propelled 
or controlled by machinery, sails, oars, paddles, poles, or another 
vessel.

[CGD 92-045, 58 FR 41608, Aug. 4, 1993]



Sec. 175.13  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart:
    (a) ``Personal flotation device'' means a device that is approved by 
the Commandant under 46 CFR Part 160.
    (b) ``PFD'' means ``personal flotation device''.



Sec. 175.15  Personal flotation devices required.

    Except as provided in Sec. 175.17 and 175.25:
    (a) No person may use a recreational vessel unless at least one PFD 
of the following types is on board for each person:
    (1) Type I PFD;
    (2) Type II PFD; or
    (3) Type III PFD.
    (b) No person may use a recreational vessel 16 feet or more in 
length unless one Type IV PFD is on board in addition to the total 
number of PFDs required in paragraph (a) of this section.
    (c) No person may operate a recreational vessel under way with any 
child under 13 years old aboard unless each such child is either--
    (1) Wearing an appropriate PFD approved by the Coast Guard; or
    (2) Below decks or in an enclosed cabin.

[CGD 81-023, 55 FR 32034, Aug. 6, 1990, as amended by CGD 92-045, 58 FR 
41608, Aug. 4, 1993; USCG-2000-8589, 67 FR 42493, June 24, 2002]



Sec. 175.17  Exemptions.

    (a) A Type V PFD may be carried in lieu of any PFD required under 
Sec. 175.15, provided:
    (1) The approval label on the Type V PFD indicates that the device 
is approved:
    (i) For the activity in which the vessel is being used; or
    (ii) As a substitute for a PFD of the Type required on the vessel in 
use;
    (2) The PFD is used in accordance with any requirements on the 
approval label; and
    (3) The PFD is used in accordance with requirements in its owner's 
manual, if the approval label makes reference to such a manual.
    (b) Canoes and kayaks 16 feet in length and over are exempted from 
the requirements for carriage of the additional Type IV PFD required 
under Sec. 175.15(b).
    (c) Racing shells, rowing sculls, racing canoes and racing kayaks 
are exempted from the requirements for carriage of any Type PFD required 
under Sec. 175.15.
    (d) Sailboards are exempted from the requirements for carriage of 
any Type PFD required under Sec. 175.15.
    (e) Vessels of the United States used by foreign competitors while 
practicing for or racing in competition are exempted from the carriage 
of any PFD required under Sec. 175.15, provided the vessel carries one 
of the sponsoring foreign country's acceptable flotation devices for 
each foreign competitor on board.

[CGD 92-045, 58 FR 41608, Aug. 4, 1993; 58 FR 51576, Oct. 4, 1993, as 
amended by CGD 97-023, 62 FR 33365, June 19, 1997; USCG-1998-3799, 63 FR 
35533, June 30, 1998]



Sec. 175.19  Stowage.

    (a) No person may use a recreational boat unless each Type I, II, or 
III PFD required by Sec. 175.15 of this part, or equivalent type 
allowed by Sec. 175.17 of this part, is readily accessible.
    (b) No person may use a recreational boat unless each Type IV PFD 
required by Sec. 175.15 of this part, or equivalent type allowed by 
Sec. 175.17 of this part, is immediately available.

[CGD 81-023, 55 FR 32034, Aug. 6, 1990]



Sec. 175.21  Condition; size and fit; approval marking.

    No person may use a recreational boat unless each PFD required by

[[Page 849]]

Sec. 175.15 of this part or allowed by Sec. 175.17 of this part is:
    (a) In serviceable condition as provided in Sec. 175.23;
    (b) Of an appropriate size and fit for the intended wearer, as 
marked on the approval label; and
    (c) Legibly marked with its approval number, as specified in 46 CFR 
part 160.

[CGD 81-023, 55 FR 32034, Aug. 6, 1990, as amended by CGD93-055, 61 FR 
13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 175.23  Serviceable condition.

    A PFD is considered to be in serviceable condition for purposes of 
Sec. 175.21(a) only if the following conditions are met:
    (a) No PFD may exhibit deterioration that could diminish the 
performance of the PFD, including--
    (1) Metal or plastic hardware used to secure the PFD on the wearer 
that is broken, deformed, or weakened by corrosion;
    (2) Webbings or straps used to secure the PFD on the wearer that are 
ripped, torn, or which have become separated from an attachment point on 
the PFD; or
    (3) Any other rotted or deteriorated structural component that fails 
when tugged.
    (b) In addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph (a) of this 
section, no inherently buoyant PFD, including the inherently buoyant 
components of a hybrid inflatable PFD, may exhibit--
    (1) Rips, tears, or open seams in fabric or coatings, that are large 
enough to allow the loss of buoyant material;
    (2) Buoyant material that has become hardened, non-resilient, 
permanently compressed, waterlogged, oil-soaked, or which shows evidence 
of fungus or mildew; or
    (3) Loss of buoyant material or buoyant material that is not 
securely held in position.
    (c) In addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph (a) of this 
section, an inflatable PFD, including the inflatable components of a 
hybrid inflatable PFD, must be equipped with--
    (1) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, a properly 
armed inflation mechanism, complete with a full inflation medium 
cartridge and all status indicators showing that the inflation mechanism 
is properly armed;
    (2) Inflatable chambers that are all capable of holding air;
    (3) Oral inflation tubes that are not blocked, detached, or broken;
    (4) A manual inflation lanyard or lever that is not inaccessible, 
broken, or missing; and
    (5) Inflator status indicators that are not broken or otherwise non-
functional.
    (d) The inflation system of an inflatable PFD need not be armed when 
the PFD is worn inflated and otherwise meets the requirements of 
paragraphs (a) and (c) of this section.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 175.25  Enforcement of State requirements for children to wear 
personal flotation devices.

    (a) This section applies to operators of recreational vessels on 
waters subject to the jurisdiction of any State that has established by 
statute a requirement for children of a certain age to wear an 
appropriate PFD approved by the Coast Guard, while aboard a recreational 
vessel.
    (b) If the applicable State statute establishes any requirement for 
children of a certain age to wear an appropriate PFD approved by the 
Coast Guard, then that requirement applies on the waters subject to the 
State's jurisdiction instead of the requirement provided in Sec. 
175.15(c) of this part.

[USCG-2000-8589, 69 FR 45591, July 30, 2004]



                    Subpart C_Visual Distress Signals

    Source: CGD 76-183, 44 FR 73024, Dec. 17, 1979, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 175.101  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to boats on the coastal waters of the United 
States and on the high seas beyond the territorial seas for boats owned 
in the United States.

[CGD 76-183, 44 FR 73024, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by USCG-1998-3799, 
63 FR 35534, June 30, 1998]

[[Page 850]]



Sec. 175.105  Definitions.

    (a) Visual distress signal means a device that is approved by the 
Commandant under 46 CFR Part 160 or certified by the manufacturer under 
46 CFR Parts 160 and 161.
    (b) Coastal waters means:
    (1) The U.S. waters of the Great Lakes (Lake Erie, Huron, Michigan, 
Ontario, and Superior);
    (2) The territorial seas of the United States; and
    (3) Those waters directly connected to the Great Lakes and 
territorial seas (i.e., bays, sounds, harbors, rivers, inlets, etc.) 
where any entrance exceeds 2 nautical miles between opposite shorelines 
to the first point where the largest distance between shorelines narrows 
to 2 miles, as shown on the current edition of the appropriate National 
Ocean Service chart used for navigation. Shorelines of islands or points 
of land present within a waterway are considered when determining the 
distance between opposite shorelines.

[CGD 76-183, 44 FR 73024, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by CGD 82-073, 49 FR 
7119, Feb. 27, 1984; 49 FR 20815, May 17, 1984]



Sec. 175.110  Visual distress signals required.

    (a) No person may use a boat 16 feet or more in length, or any boat 
operating as an uninspected passenger vessel subject to the requirements 
of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C, unless visual distress signals 
selected from the list in Sec. 175.130 or the alternatives in Sec. 
175.135, in the number required, are onboard. Devices suitable for day 
use and devices suitable for night use, or devices suitable for both day 
and night use, must be carried.
    (b) Between sunset and sunrise, no person may use a boat less than 
16 feet in length unless visual distress signals suitable for night use, 
selected from the list in Sec. 175.130 or Sec. 175.135, in the number 
required, are on board.

[CGD 76-183, 44 FR 73024, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by USCG-1999-5040, 
67 FR 34760, May 15, 2002]



Sec. 175.113  Launchers.

    (a) When a visual distress signal carried to meet the requirements 
of Sec. 175.110 requires a launcher to activate, then a launcher 
approved under 46 CFR 160.028 must also be carried.



Sec. 175.115  Exceptions.

    The following persons need not comply with Sec. 175.110; however, 
each must carry on board visual distress signals suitable for night use, 
selected from the list in Sec. 175.130 or Sec. 175.135, in the number 
required, between sunset and sunrise:
    (a) A person competing in any organized marine parade, regatta, 
race, or similar event;
    (b) A person using a manually propelled boat; or
    (c) A person using a sailboat of completely open construction, not 
equipped with propulsion machinery, under 26[min] in length.



Sec. 175.120  Stowage.

    No person may use a boat unless the visual distress signals required 
by Sec. 175.110 are readily accessible.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34715, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 175.125  Serviceability.

    No person may use a boat unless each signal required by Sec. 
175.110 is in serviceable condition and the service life of the signal, 
if indicated by a date marked on the signal, has not expired.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34715, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 175.128  Marking.

    No person may use a boat unless each signal required by Sec. 
175.110 is legibly marked with the approval number or certification 
statement as specified in 46 CFR Parts 160 and 161.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34715, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 175.130  Visual distress signals accepted.

    (a) Any of the following signals, when carried in the number 
required, can be used to meet the requirements of Sec. 175.110:
    (1) An electric distress light meeting the standards of 46 CFR 
161.013. One is

[[Page 851]]

required to meet the night only requirement.
    (2) An orange flag meeting the standards of 46 CFR 160.072. One is 
required to meet the day only requirement.
    (3) Pyrotechnics meeting the standards noted in Table 175.130.
    (b) Any combination of signal devices selected from the types noted 
in paragraphs (a) (1), (2) and (3) of this section, when carried in the 
number required, may be used to meet both day and night requirements. 
Examples--the combination of two hand held red flares (160.021), and one 
parachute red flare (160.024 or 160.036) meets both day and night 
requirements. Three hand held orange smoke (160.037) with one electric 
distress light (161.013) meet both day and night requirements.

                Table 175.130--Pyrotechnic Signal Devices
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Approval
 number                                                          Number
under 46      Device description       Meets requirement for    required
   CFR
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 160.021  Hand Held Red Flare        Day and Night............         3
           Distress Signals \3\.
 160.022  Floating Orange Smoke      Day Only.................         3
           Distress Signals.
 160.024  Parachute Red Flare        Day and Night \1\........         3
           Distress Signals.
 160.036  Hand-Held Rocket-          Day and Night............         3
           Propelled Parachute Red
           Flare Distress Signals.
 160.037  Hand-Held Orange Smoke     Day Only.................         3
           Distress Signals.
 160.057  Floating Orange Smoke      Day Only.................         3
           Distress Signals.
 160.066  Distress Signal for        Day and Night \2\........         3
           Boats, Red Aerial
           Pyrotechnic Flare.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ These signals require use in combination with a suitable launching
  device approved under 46 CFR 160.028.
\2\ These devices may be either meteor or parachute assisted type. Some
  of these signals may require use in combination with a suitable
  launching device approved under 46 CFR 160.028.
\3\ Must have manufacture date of 1 Oct. 1980 or later.


[CGD 81-038-A, 47 FR 24548, June 7, 1982]



Sec. 175.135  Existing equipment.

    Launchers manufactured before 1 January, 1981, which do not have 
approval numbers are acceptable for use with meteor or parachute signals 
listed in Table 175.130 under Sec. 175.130 as long as they remain in 
serviceable condition.

[CGD 76-183, 44 FR 73024, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by CGD 81-038-A, 47 
FR 24548, June 7, 1982; USCG-1998-3799, 63 FR 35534, June 30, 1998]



Sec. 175.140  Prohibited use.

    No person in a boat shall display a visual distress signal on waters 
to which this subpart applies under any circumstance except a situation 
where assistance is needed because of immediate or potential danger to 
the persons on board.



                          Subpart D_Ventilation



Sec. 175.201  Ventilation.

    No person may operate a boat built after July 31, 1980, that has a 
gasoline engine for electrical generation, mechanical power, or 
propulsion unless it is equipped with an operable ventilation system 
that meets the requirements of 33 CFR 183.610 (a), (b), (d), (e), and 
(f) and 183.620(a).

[CGD 76-082, 44 FR 73027, Dec. 17, 1979]



PART 177_CORRECTION OF ESPECIALLY HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS--Table of Contents




Sec.
177.01 Purpose and applicability.
177.03 Definitions.
177.04 Order of unsafe condition.
177.05 Action to correct an especially hazardous condition.
177.07 Other unsafe conditions.
177.08 Regulated boating areas.
177.09 Penalties.

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 4302, 4311; Pub. L. 103-206, 107 Stat. 2439; 49 
CFR 1.45 and 1.46.

    Source: CGD 72-71R, 37 FR 13347, July 7, 1972, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 177.01  Purpose and applicability.

    This part prescribes rules to implement section 4308 of Title 46 
United States Code which governs the correction of especially hazardous 
conditions on recreational vessels and uninspected passenger vessels on 
waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and, for a 
vessel owned in the United States, on the high seas, except operators 
of:

[[Page 852]]

    (a) Foreign boats temporarily using waters subject to United States 
jurisdiction;
    (b) Military or public boats of the United States, except 
recreational-type public boats;
    (c) A boat whose owner is a State or subdivision thereof, which is 
used principally for governmental purposes and which is clearly 
identifiable as such;
    (d) Ship's lifeboats.

[CGD 72-71R, 37 FR 13347, July 7, 1972, as amended by CGD 84-099, 52 FR 
47534, Dec. 14, 1987; CGD 84-099, 53 FR 13117, April 21, 1988]



Sec. 177.03  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Boat means any vessel--
    (1) Manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use;
    (2) Leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's 
noncommercial use; or
    (3) Operated as an uninspected passenger vessel subject to the 
requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C.
    (c) Coast Guard Boarding Officer means a commissioned, warrant, or 
petty officer of the Coast Guard having authority to board any vessel 
under the Act of August 4, 1949, 63 Stat. 502, as amended (14 U.S.C. 
89).
    (d) Operator means the person who is in control or in charge of a 
boat while it is in use.
    (e) Use means operate, navigate, or employ.
    (f) Vessel includes every description of watercraft, other than a 
seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of 
transportation on the water.

[CGD 72-71R, 37 FR 13347, July 7, 1972, as amended by CDG 84-099, 52 FR 
47534, Dec. 14, 1987; USCG-1999-5040, 67 FR 34760, May 15, 2002]



Sec. 177.04  Order of unsafe condition.

    (a) The Commandant has redelegated to Coast Guard District 
Commanders, with the reservation that this authority shall not be 
further redelegated, the authority, under 46 U.S.C. 4308, to issue 
orders applicable to a specific boat within the District Commander's 
jurisdiction designating that boat unsafe for a specific voyage on a 
specific body of water when it is determined, under the provisions of 
Sec. 177.07(g), that an unsafe condition exists.
    (b) Each order issued by a Coast Guard District Commander under the 
provisions of paragraph (a) of this section will contain:
    (1) Notice that the person upon whom the order is served has the 
right under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553(e)), to 
petition for reconsideration and repeal of the order;
    (2) Full title and address of the Coast Guard District Commander to 
whom the petition is to be submitted; and
    (3) Notice that the petition should contain:
    (i) The text or substance of the order which the petitioner seeks to 
have reconsidered and repealed;
    (ii) A statement of the action sought by the petitioner;
    (iii) Whatever arguments or data that are available to the 
petitioner to support the action sought; and
    (iv) An advisement that if the petitioner desires reconsideration 
and repeal of the rule before a specific date, the petition should so 
state and give reasons why action by that date is necessary.
    (c) If a Coast Guard District Commander determines that a petition 
submitted under the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section contains 
adequate justification, the District Commander will initiate prompt 
action to repeal the order. If the District Commander determines that 
repeal of the order is not justified, the District Commander will issue 
prompt written notice of denial to the petitioner.

[CGD 95-057, 60 FR 34150, June 30, 1995]



Sec. 177.05  Action to correct an especially hazardous condition.

    An operator of a boat who is directed by a Coast Guard Boarding 
Officer to take immediate and reasonable steps necessary for the safety 
of those aboard the vessel, under section 4308 of Title 46, United 
States Code, shall follow the direction of the Coast Guard Boarding 
Officer, which may include direction to:
    (a) Correct the especially hazardous condition immediately;
    (b) Proceed to a mooring, dock, or anchorage; or

[[Page 853]]

    (c) Suspend further use of the boat until the especially hazardous 
condition is corrected.

[CGD 72-71R, 37 FR 13347, July 7, 1972, as amended by CDG 84-099, 52 FR 
47534, Dec. 14, 1987]



Sec. 177.07  Other unsafe conditions.

    For the purpose of section 4308 of Title 46, United States Code, 
``other unsafe condition'' means a boat:
    (a) Does not display between sunset and sunrise the navigation 
lights prescribed by the International Regulations for Preventing 
Collisions at Sea, 1972 (72 COLREGS) or, when in use upon the inland 
waters of the United States, the Inland Navigational Rules Act of 1980 
(Pub. L. 96-591), 94 Stat. 3415, 33 U.S.C. 2001, et seq.);
    (b) That is operated by an individual who is apparently under the 
influence of alcohol or a dangerous drug, as defined in Sec. 95.020 of 
this chapter, to the extent that, in the boarding officer's discretion, 
the continued operation of the vessel would create an unsafe condition.
    (c) Has a fuel leakage from either the fuel system or engine, or has 
an accumulation of fuel in the bilges.
    (d) Does not meet the applicable ventilation requirements for tanks 
and engine spaces prescribed by 46 CFR 25.40 (which applies to certain 
boats built before August 1, 1980), or Subpart K Ventilation, of 33 CFR 
Part 183 (which applies to boats built after July 31, 1980);
    (e) Does not meet the requirements for backfire flame control 
prescribed by 46 CFR 25.35; or
    (f) Is operated in a Regulated Boating Area as described in Sec. 
177.08 when:
    (1) The wave height within the Regulated Boating Area is 4 feet or 
greater; or
    (2) The wave height within the Regulated Boating Area is equal to or 
greater than the wave height determined by the formula

L/10+F=W

where:

L=Overall length of a boat measured in feet in a straight horizontal 
line along and parallel with the centerline between the intersections of 
this line with the vertical planes of the stem and stern profiles 
excluding deckhouses and equipment.
F=The minimum freeboard when measured in feet from the lowest point 
along the upper strake edge to the surface of the water.
W=Maximum wave height in feet to the nearest highest whole number; or

    (3) The surface current is 4 knots or greater within the Regulated 
Boating Area.
    (g) Designated manifestly unsafe for a specific voyage on a specific 
body of water due to:
    (1) Unsuitable design or configuration, or
    (2) Improper construction or inadequate material condition, or
    (3) Improper or inadequate operational or safety equipment, and set 
forth in an order issued by a District Commander according to the 
provisions of Sec. 177.04.

[CGD 72-71R, 37 FR 13347, July 7, 1972]

    Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting Sec. 
177.07, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the 
Finding Aids section of the printed volume and on GPO Access.



Sec. 177.08  Regulated boating areas.

    For the purpose of this part, the following are regulated boating 
areas.
    Note: Geographic coordinates expressed in terms of latitude or 
longitude, or both, are not intended for plotting on maps or charts 
whose referenced horizontal datum is the North American Datum of 1983 
(NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 
83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted 
on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after application of the 
appropriate corrections that are published on the particular map or 
chart being used.
    (a) Quillayute River Entrance, Wash. From the west end of James 
Island 47[deg]54[min]23[sec] N., 124[deg]39[min]05[sec] W. southward to 
buoy No. 2 at 47[deg]53[min]42[sec] N., 124[deg]38[min]42[sec] W. 
eastward to the shoreline at 47[deg]53[min]42[sec] N., 
124[deg]37[min]51[sec] W., thence northward along the shoreline to 
47[deg]54[min]29[sec] N., 124[deg]38[min]20[sec] W. thence northward to 
47[deg]54[min]36[sec] N., 124[deg]38[min]22[sec] W. thence westward to 
the beginning.
    (b) Grays Harbor Entrance, Wash. From a point on the shoreline at 
46[deg]59[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]10[min]10[sec] W. westward to 
46[deg]59[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]15[min]30[sec] W. thence southward to 
46[deg]51[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]15[min]30[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at

[[Page 854]]

46[deg]51[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]06[min]40[sec] W. thence northward 
along the shoreline to a point at the south jetty 46[deg]54[min]20[sec] 
N., 124[deg]08[min]07[sec] W. thence eastward to 46[deg]54[min]10[sec] 
N., 124[deg]05[min]00[sec] W. thence northward to 46[deg]55[min]00[sec] 
N., 124[deg]03[min]30[sec] W. thence northwestward to Damon Point at 
46[deg]56[min]50[sec] N., 124[deg]06[min]30[sec] W. thence westward 
along the north shoreline of the harbor to the north jetty at 
46[deg]55[min]40[sec] N., 124[deg]10[min]27[sec] W. thence northward 
along the shoreline to the beginning.
    (c) Willapa Bay, Wash. From a point on the shoreline at 
46[deg]46[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]05[min]40[sec] W. westward to 
46[deg]44[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]10[min]45[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 46[deg]35[min]00[sec] N., 
124[deg]03[min]45[sec] W. thence northward aling the shoreline around 
the north end of Leadbetter Point thence southward alone the east 
shoreline of Leadbetter Point to 46[deg]36[min]00[sec] N., 
124[deg]02[min]15[sec] W. thence eastward to 46[deg]36[min]00[sec] N., 
124[deg]00[min]00[sec] W. thence northward to Toke point at 
46[deg]42[min]15[sec] N., 123[deg]58[min]00[sec] W. thence westward 
along the north shoreline of the harbor and northward along the seaward 
shoreline to the beginning.
    (d) Columbia River Bar, Wash.-Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
46[deg]18[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]04[min]39[sec] W. thence westward to 
46[deg]18[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]09[min]30[sec] W. thence southward to 
46[deg]12[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]09[min]30[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 46[deg]12[min]00[sec] N., 
123[deg]59[min]33[sec] W. thence eastward to Tansy Point Range Front 
Light at 46[deg]11[min]16[sec] N., 123[deg]55[min]05[sec] W.; thence 
northward to Chinook Point at 46[deg]15[min]08[sec] N., 
123[deg]55[min]25[sec] W. thence northwestward to the north end of Sand 
Island at 46[deg]17[min]29[sec] N., 124[deg]01[min]25[sec] W. thence 
southwestward to a point on the north shoreline of the harbor at 
46[deg]16[min]25[sec] N., 124[deg]02[min]28[sec] W. thence northwestward 
and southwestward along the north shoreline of the harbor and northward 
along the seaward shoreline to the beginning.
    (e) Nehalem River Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline 
45[deg]41[min]25[sec] N., 123[deg]56[min]16[sec] W. thence westward 
45[deg]41[min]25[sec] N., 123[deg]59[min]00[sec] W. thence southward to 
45[deg]37[min]25[sec] N., 123[deg]59[min]00[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 45[deg]37[min]25[sec] N., 
123[deg]56[min]38[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline to the 
north end of the south jetty at 45[deg]39[min]40[sec] N., 
123[deg]55[min]45[sec] W. thence westward to a point on the shoreline at 
45[deg]39[min]45[sec] N., 123[deg]56[min]19[sec] W. thence northward 
along the shoreline to the beginning.
    (f) Tillamook Bay Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
45[deg]35[min]15[sec] N., 123[deg]57[min]05[sec] W. thence westward 
45[deg]35[min]15[sec] N., 124[deg]00[min]00[sec] W. thence southward to 
45[deg]30[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]00[min]00[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 45[deg]30[min]00[sec] N., 
123[deg]57[min]40[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline to the 
north end of Kincheloe Point at 45[deg]33[min]30[sec] N., 
123[deg]56[min]05[sec] W. thence northward to a point on the north 
shoreline of the harbor at 45[deg]33[min]40[sec] N., 
123[deg]55[min]59[sec] W. thence westward along the north shoreline of 
the harbor then northward along the seaward shoreline to the beginning.
    (g) Netarts Bay Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
45[deg]28[min]05[sec] N. thence westward to 45[deg]28[min]05[sec] N., 
124[deg]00[min]00[sec] W. thence southward to 45[deg]24[min]00[sec] N., 
124[deg]00[min]00[sec] W. thence eastward to a point on the shoreline at 
45[deg]24[min]00[sec] N., 123[deg]57[min]45[sec] W. thence northward 
along the shoreline to 45[deg]26[min]03[sec] N., 123[deg]57[min]15[sec] 
W. thence eastward to a point on the north shoreline of the harbor at 
45[deg]26[min]00[sec] N., 123[deg]56[min]57[sec] W. thence northward 
along the shoreline to the beginning.
    (h) Siletz Bay Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
44[deg]56[min]32[sec] N., 124[deg]01[min]29[sec] W. thence westward to 
44[deg]56[min]32[sec] N., 124[deg]03[min]00[sec] W. thence southward to 
44[deg]54[min]40[sec] N., 124[deg]03[min]15[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 44[deg]54[min]40[sec] N., 
124[deg]01[min]55[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline to 
44[deg]55[min]35[sec] N., 124[deg]01[min]25[sec] W. thence northward to 
a point on the north shoreline of the harbor at 44[deg]55[min]45[sec] 
N., 124[deg]01[min]20[sec] W. thence westward and northward along the 
shoreline to the beginning.
    (i) Depoe Bay Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
44[deg]49[min]15[sec] N., 124[deg]04[min]00[sec] W. thence westward to 
44[deg]49[min]15[sec] N., 124[deg]04[min]35[sec] W. thence southward to 
44[deg]47[min]55[sec] N., 124[deg]04[min]55[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 44[deg]47[min]53[sec] N., 
124[deg]04[min]25[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline and 
eastward along the south bank of the entrance channel to the highway 
bridge thence northward to the north bank at the bridge thence westward 
along the north bank of the entrance channel and northward along the 
seaward shoreline to the beginning.

[[Page 855]]

    (j) Yaquina Bay Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
44[deg]38[min]11[sec] N., 124[deg]03[min]47[sec] W. thence westward to 
44[deg]38[min]11[sec] N., 124[deg]05[min]55[sec] W. thence southward to 
44[deg]35[min]15[sec] N., 124[deg]06[min]05[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 44[deg]35[min]15[sec] N., 
124[deg]04[min]02[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline and 
eastward along the south bank of the entrance channel to the highway 
bridge thence northward to the north bank of the entrance channel at the 
bridge thence westward along the north bank of the entrance channel and 
northward along the seaway shoreline to the beginning.
    (k) Siuslaw River Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
44[deg]02[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]08[min]00[sec] W. thence westward to 
44[deg]02[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]09[min]30[sec] W. thence southward to 
44[deg]00[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]09[min]30[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 44[deg]00[min]00[sec] N., 
124[deg]08[min]12[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline and 
southward along the west bank of the entrance channel to 
44[deg]00[min]35[sec] N., 124[deg]07[min]48[sec] W. thence southeastward 
to a point on the east bank of the entrance channel at 
44[deg]00[min]20[sec] N., 124[deg]07[min]31[sec] W. thence northward 
along the east bank of the entrance channel and northward along the 
seaward shoreline to the beginning.
    (l) Umpqua River Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
43[deg]41[min]20[sec] N., 124[deg]11[min]58[sec] W. thence westward to 
43[deg]41[min]20[sec] N., 124[deg]13[min]32[sec] W. thence southward to 
43[deg]38[min]35[sec] N., 124[deg]14[min]25[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 43[deg]38[min]35[sec] N., 
124[deg]12[min]35[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline to the 
north end of the training jetty at 43[deg]40[min]15[sec] N., 
124[deg]11[min]45[sec] W. thence northward to a point on the west bank 
of the entrance channel at 43[deg]40[min]40[sec] N., 
124[deg]11[min]41[sec] W. thence southwestward along the west bank of 
the entrance channel thence northward along the seaward shoreline to the 
beginning.
    (m) Coos Bay Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
43[deg]22[min]15[sec] N., 124[deg]19[min]34[sec] W. thence westward to 
43[deg]22[min]20[sec] N., 124[deg]22[min]28[sec] W. thence southwestward 
to 43[deg]21[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]23[min]35[sec] W. thence 
southeastward to a point on the shoreline at 43[deg]20[min]25[sec] N., 
124[deg]22[min]28[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline and 
eastward along the south shore of the entrance channel to a point on the 
shoreline at 43[deg]20[min]52[sec] N., 124[deg]19[min]12[sec] W. thence 
eastward to a point on the east shoreline of the harbor at 
43[deg]21[min]00[sec] N., 124[deg]18[min]50[sec] W. thence northward to 
a point on the west shoreline of the harbor at 43[deg]21[min]45[sec] N., 
124[deg]19[min]10[sec] W. thence south and west along the west shoreline 
of the harbor thence northward along the seaward shoreline to the 
beginning.
    (n) Coquille River Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
43[deg]08[min]25[sec] N., 124[deg]25[min]04[sec] W. thence southwestward 
to 43[deg]07[min]50[sec] N., 124[deg]27[min]05[sec] W. thence 
southwestward to 43[deg]07[min]03[sec] N., 124[deg]28[min]25[sec] W. 
thence eastward to a point on the shoreline at 43[deg]06[min]00[sec] N., 
124[deg]25[min]55[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline and 
eastward along the south shoreline of the channel entrance to 
43[deg]07[min]17[sec] N., 124[deg]25[min]00[sec] W. thence northward to 
the east end of the north jetty at 43[deg]07[min]24[sec] N., 
124[deg]24[min]59[sec] W. thence westward along the north shoreline of 
the entrance channel and northward along the seaward shoreline to the 
beginning.
    (o) Rogue River Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
42[deg]26[min]25[sec] N., 124[deg]26[min]03[sec] W. thence westward to 
42[deg]26[min]10[sec] N., 124[deg]27[min]05[sec] W. thence southward to 
42[deg]24[min]15[sec] N., 124[deg]27[min]05[sec] W. thence eastward to a 
point on the shoreline at 42[deg]24[min]15[sec] N., 
124[deg]25[min]30[sec] W. thence northward along the shoreline and 
eastward along the south shoreline of the entrance channel to the 
highway bridge thence northward across the inner harbor jetty to a point 
on the north shoreline of the entrance channel at the highway bridge 
thence westward along the north shoreline of the entrance channel thence 
northward along the seaward shoreline to the beginning.
    (p) Chetco River Bar, Oreg. From a point on the shoreline at 
42[deg]02[min]35[sec] N., 124[deg]17[min]20[sec] W. thence southeastward 
to 42[deg]01[min]45[sec] N., 124[deg]16[min]30[sec] W. thence 
northwestward to a point on the shoreline at 42[deg]02[min]10[sec] N., 
124[deg]15[min]35[sec] W. thence northwestward along the shoreline 
thence northward along the east shoreline of the channel entrance to 
42[deg]02[min]47[sec] N., 124[deg]16[min]03[sec] W. thence northward 
along the west face of the inner jetty and east shoreline of the channel 
entrance to the highway bridge thence westward to the west shoreline of 
the channel at the highway bridge thence southward along the west 
shoreline of the channel

[[Page 856]]

thence westward along the seaward shoreline to the beginning.

[CGD 73-41R, 39 FR 2583, Jan. 23, 1974, as amended by CGD 86-082, 52 FR 
33812, Sept. 8, 1987]



Sec. 177.09  Penalties.

    An operator of a vessel who does not follow the directions of a 
Coast Guard Boarding Officer prescribed in Sec. 177.05 is, in addition 
to any other penalty prescribed by law, subject to--
    (a) The criminal penalties of 46 U.S.C. 4311, which provides that a 
person willfully operating a recreational vessel in violation of 46 
U.S.C., Chapter 43 or regulations issued thereunder, shall be fined not 
more than $5,000, imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.
    (b)(1) The civil penalties for violating 46 U.S.C. 4307(a)(1).
    (2) The civil penalties of 46 U.S.C. 4311, which provides that a 
person violating any other provision of 43 U.S.C., Chapter 43 or 
regulation issued thereunder is liable to the United States Government 
for a civil penalty, and, if the violation involves the operation of a 
vessel, the vessel is liable in rem for the penalty.

[CGD 96-052, 62 FR 16703, Apr. 8, 1997



PART 179_DEFECT NOTIFICATION--Table of Contents




Sec.
179.01 Purpose.
179.03 Definitions.
179.05 Manufacturer discovered defects.
179.07 Notice given by ``more expeditious means.''
179.09 Contents of notification.
179.11 Defects determined by the Commandant.
179.13 Initial report to the Commandant.
179.15 Follow-up report.
179.17 Penalties.
179.19 Address of the Commandant.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 4302, 4307, 4310, and 4311; 
Pub. L 103-206, 107 Stat. 2439; 49 CFR 1.46.

    Source: CGD 72-55R, 37 FR 15776, Aug. 4, 1972, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 179.01  Purpose.

    This part prescribes rules to implement 46 U.S.C. 4310, governing 
the notification of defects in boats and associated equipment.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.03  Definitions.

    Associated equipment as used in this part, means the following 
equipment as shipped, transferred, or sold from the place of manufacture 
and includes all attached parts and accessories:
    (1) An inboard engine.
    (2) An outboard engine.
    (3) A stern drive unit.
    (4) An inflatable personal flotation device approved under 46 CFR 
160.076.
    Boat means any vessel--
    (1) Manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use;
    (2) Leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's 
noncommercial use; or
    (3) Operated as an uninspected passenger vessel subject to the 
requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C.
    Manufacturer means any person engaged in--
    (1) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of boats or 
associated equipment;
    (2) The manufacture or construction of components for boats and 
associated equipment to be sold for subsequent assembly; or
    (3) The importation into the United States for sale of boats, 
associated equipment, or components thereof.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999; USCG-1999-5040, 67 FR 34760, May 15, 2002]



Sec. 179.05  Manufacturer discovered defects.

    Each manufacturer who is required to furnish a notice of a defect or 
failure to comply with a standard or regulation under 46 U.S.C. 4310(b), 
shall furnish that notice within 30 days after the manufacturer 
discovers or acquires information of the defect or failure to comply.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.07  Notice given by ``more expeditious means''.

    Each manufacturer who gives notice by more expeditious means as 
provided

[[Page 857]]

for in 46 U.S.C. 4310(c)(1)(C), must give such notice in writing.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.09  Contents of notification.

    Each notice required under 46 U.S.C. 4310(b) must include the 
following additional information:
    (a) The name and address of the manufacturer.
    (b) Identifying classifications including the make, model year, if 
appropriate, the inclusive dates (month and year) of the manufacture, or 
serial numbers and any other data necessary to describe the boats or 
associated equipment that may be affected.

[CGD 72-55R, 37 FR 15776, Aug. 4, 1972, as amended by CGD 93-055, 61 FR 
13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.11  Defects determined by the Commandant.

    A manufacturer who is informed by the Commandant under 46 U.S.C. 
4310(f) that a boat or associated equipment contains a defect relating 
to safety or failure to comply with a standard or regulation issued 
under the authority of 46 U.S.C. 4302, shall within 30 days of receipt 
of the information--
    (a) Furnish the notification described in 46 U.S.C. 4310(d) to the 
persons designated in 46 U.S.C. 4310(c), or
    (b) Provide information to the Commandant by certified mail stating 
why the manufacturer believes there is no defect relating to safety or 
failure of compliance.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.13  Initial report to the Commandant.

    (a) When a manufacturer gives a notification required under 46 
U.S.C. 4310, the manufacturer shall concurrently send to the Commandant 
by certified mail--
    (1) A true or representative copy of each notice, bulletin, and 
other communication given to persons required to be notified under 46 
U.S.C. 4310(c);
    (2) The manufacturer's best estimate of the total number of boats or 
items of associated equipment potentially affected by the defect or 
failure to comply with a standard or regulation prescribed under 46 
U.S.C. 4302; and
    (3) If discovered or determined by the manufacturer, a chronology of 
all principal events upon which the determination is based.
    (b) A manufacturer may submit an item required by paragraph (a) of 
this section that is not available at the time of submission to the 
Commandant when it becomes available if the manufacturer explains why it 
was not submitted within the time required and estimates when it will 
become available.

[CGD 72-55R, 37 FR 15776, Aug. 4, 1972, as amended by CGD 93-055, 61 FR 
13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.15  Follow-up report.

    (a) Each manufacturer who makes an initial report required by Sec. 
179.13 shall submit a follow-up report to the Commandant by certified 
mail within 60 days after the initial report. The follow-up report must 
contain at least the following information:
    (1) A positive identification of the initial report;
    (2) The number of units in which the defect was discovered as of the 
date of the follow-up report;
    (3) The number of units in which corrective action has been 
completed as of the date of the follow-up report;
    (4) The number of first purchasers not notified because of an out-
of-date name or address, or both; and
    (5) An updating of the information required by Sec. 179.13.
    (b) Each manufacturer shall submit any additional follow-up reports 
requested by the Commandant.



Sec. 179.17  Penalties.

    Each manufacturer who fails to comply with a provision of 46 U.S.C. 
4310 or the regulations in this part, is subject to the penalties as 
prescribed in 46 U.S.C. 4311.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13926, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 179.19  Address of the Commandant.

    (a) Each report and communication sent to the Coast Guard and 
required by this part concerning boats and associated equipment other 
than inflatable personal flotation devices, must be submitted to 
Commandant (G-OPB-3), U.S. Coast Guard, 2100 Second St., SW., 
Washington, DC 20593-0001.

[[Page 858]]

    (b) Each report and communication sent to the Coast Guard and 
required by this part concerning inflatable personal flotation devices, 
must be submitted to Commandant (G-MSE-4), U.S. Coast Guard, 2100 Second 
St. SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13927, Mar. 28, 1996; CGD 96-026, 61 FR 36629, July 
12, 1996]



PART 181_MANUFACTURER REQUIREMENTS--Table of Contents




                            Subpart A_General

Sec.
181.1 Purpose and applicability.
181.3 Definitions.
181.4 Incorporation by reference.

           Subpart B_Manufacturer Certification of Compliance

181.5 Purpose and applicability.
181.7 Compliance certification label required.
181.9 Affixing labels.
181.11 Exceptions to labeling requirement.
181.13 Removal of labels.
181.15 Contents of labels.
181.17 Label numbers and letters.
181.19 Construction of labels.

                    Subpart C_Identification of Boats

181.21 Purpose, applicability and effective dates.
181.23 Hull identification numbers required.
181.25 Hull identification number format.
181.27 Information displayed near hull identification number.
181.29 Hull identification number display.
181.31 Manufacturer identification code assignment.
181.33 Conditions for use of manufacturer identification codes.
181.35 Removal of numbers.

Subparts D-F [Reserved]

      Subpart G_Instruction Pamphlet for Personal Flotation Devices

181.701 Applicability.
181.702 Information pamphlet: requirement to furnish.
181.703 Information pamphlet: Contents.
181.704 Contents of information pamphlet: Recreational hybrid PFD.
181.705 Contents of information pamphlet: Recreational inflatable PFD.

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 4302.

    Source: CGD 72-60, 37 FR 15779, Aug. 4, 1972, unless otherwise 
noted.



                            Subpart A_General



Sec. 181.1  Purpose and applicability.

    This part prescribes requirements for the certification of boats and 
associated equipment and identification of boats to which 46 U.S.C. 
Chapter 43 applies.

[CGD 85-002, 51 FR 37573, Oct. 23, 1986]



Sec. 181.3  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    Associated equipment means:
    (1) Any system, part, or component of a boat as originally 
manufactured or any similar part or component manufactured or sold for 
replacement, repair, or improvement of such system, part, or component;
    (2) Any accessory or equipment for, or appurtenance to, a boat; and
    (3) Any marine safety article, accessory, or equipment intended for 
use by a person on board a boat; but
    (4) Excluding radio equipment.
    Boat means any vessel--
    (1) Manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use;
    (2) Leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's 
noncommercial use; or
    (3) Operated as an uninspected passenger vessel subject to the 
requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C.
    Date of certification means the date on which a boat or item of 
associated equipment is certified to comply with all applicable U.S. 
Coast Guard safety standards in effect on that date.
    Date of manufacture means the month and year during which 
construction or assembly of a boat or item of associated equipment 
begins.
    Manufacturer means any person engaged in:
    (1) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of boats or 
associated equipment; or
    (2) The importation into the United States for sale of boats, 
associated equipment, or components thereof.
    Model year means the period beginning August 1 of any year and 
ending on July 31 of the following year. Each model year is designated 
by the year in which it ends.

[[Page 859]]

    Private label merchandiser means any person engaged in the business 
of selling and distributing, under his own trade name, boats, or items 
of associated equipment manufactured by another.

[CGD 96-026, 61 FR 33669, June 28, 1996; 61 FR 36786, July 12, 1996, as 
amended by USCG-1999;-5040, May 15, 2002]



Sec. 181.4  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Certain materials are incorporated by reference into this part 
with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance 
with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than the one listed 
in paragraph (b) of this section, notice of change must be published in 
the Federal Register and the material made available to the public. All 
approved material is available for inspection at the Lifesaving and Fire 
Safety Standards Division (G-MSE-4), 2100 Second Street, SW., 
Washington, DC 20593-0001, and at the National Archives and Records 
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this 
material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html. 
All approved material is available from the sources listed in paragraph 
(b) of this section.
    (b) The materials approved for incorporation by reference in this 
part, and the sections affected are:

                  Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL)

12 Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3995
UL 1123, Marine Buoyant Devices, 181.703.
February 17, 1995.

[CGD 81-023, 55 FR 32034, Aug. 6, 1990, as amended by CGD 93-055, 61 FR 
13927, Mar. 28, 1996; CGD 96-026, 61 FR 33669, June 28, 1996; USCG-2000-
7223, 65 FR 40059, June 29, 2000; 69 FR 18803, Apr. 9, 2004; USCG-2004-
18057, 69 FR 34926, June 23, 2004]



           Subpart B_Manufacturer Certification of Compliance



Sec. 181.5  Purpose and applicability.

    This subpart prescribes requirements for the certification of boats 
and associated equipment to which 46 U.S.C. Chapter 43 applies and to 
which a safety standard prescribed in Part 183 of this chapter applies.

[CGD 85-002, 51 FR 37573, Oct. 23, 1986]



Sec. 181.7  Compliance certification label required.

    Unless there is affixed to it a certification label that contains 
the information required by Sec. 181.15:
    (a) No person who manufactures, constructs, or assembles a boat or 
associated equipment may deliver that boat or equipment for the purpose 
of sale;
    (b) No person may import into the United States any boat or 
associated equipment; and
    (c) No person engaged in the business of selling or distributing 
boats or associated equipment may sell or offer for sale any boat or 
associated equipment.



Sec. 181.9  Affixing labels.

    (a) Each manufacturer of a boat or item of associated equipment to 
which a standard or regulation prescribed in Part 183 of this chapter 
applies shall affix a certification label that contains the information 
required by Sec. 181.15 to that boat or equipment before it:
    (1) Leaves the place of manufacture for the purpose of sale; or
    (2) Is imported.
    (b) The manufacturer of a boat or item of associated equipment that 
is sold to a private label merchandiser may, at the option of the 
private label merchandiser, affix a certification label identifying the 
private label merchandiser as the manufacturer before the boat or item 
of associated equipment leaves the place of manufacture.



Sec. 181.11  Exceptions to labeling requirement.

    (a) This part does not apply to boats or associated equipment 
intended solely for export, and so labeled, tagged, or marked on the 
boat or equipment and on the outside of the container, if any, which is 
exported.
    (b) If an item of associated equipment is so small that a 
certification label that meets the requirements in Sec. 181.15 cannot 
be affixed to it, a certification label that contains the information 
required by Sec. 181.15 may be printed on the smallest container in 
which the item is packed or on a slip packed with the item.

[[Page 860]]

    (c) This subpart does not apply to any outboard motor or starting 
control to which Sec. 183.710 of this chapter applies.

[CGD 72-60, 37 FR 15779, Aug. 4, 1972, as amended by CGD 79-137, 46 FR 
3515, Jan. 15, 1981; 46 FR 9579, Jan. 29, 1981]



Sec. 181.13  Removal of labels.

    No person may remove a label required by this part or remove or 
alter any information on a label required by this part, unless 
authorized by the Commandant.



Sec. 181.15  Contents of labels.

    (a) Each label required by Sec. 181.7 must contain:
    (1) The name and address of the manufacturer or private label 
merchandiser who certifies that the boat or item of associated equipment 
complies with the standards prescribed in Part 183 of this subchapter; 
and
    (2) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, the words:
    (i) ``This (insert `Boat' or `Equipment') Complies With U.S. Coast 
Guard Safety Standards In Effect On (insert date of certification as 
prescribed in paragraph (b) of this section)''; or
    (ii) If the item being certified is a boat, the label may show the 
words, ``This Boat Complies With U.S. Coast Guard Safety Standards In 
Effect On The Date of Certification.''
    (b) Date of certification must be no earlier than the date on which 
construction or assembly began and no later than the date on which the 
boat or item of associated equipment leaves the place of manufacture or 
assembly or import for the purposes of sale.
    (c) [Reserved]
    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, the 
manufacturer may, in addition to the information required by paragraphs 
(a) and (b) of this section, display on the certification label any or 
all of the following information:
    (1) Model name or designation.
    (2) Hull identification number (if a boat) or serial number (if an 
item of associated equipment).
    (3) Model year.
    (e) Display of the hull identification number on the certification 
label does not satisfy the display requirements of Sec. 181.29.
    (f) Each boat which displays a maximum horsepower capacity 
determined in accordance with Sec. 183.53(b) must, in addition to the 
information required by paragraphs (a), (b) and (d) of this section, 
display on the certification label, the following statement in letters 
no less than one-quarter of an inch in height:
    THIS BOAT IS INTENDED FOR RACING AND OTHER HIGH PERFORMANCE 
ACTIVITIES. THE SKILL REQUIRED MAY EXCEED THE ABILITIES OF SOME 
OPERATORS.

[CGD 72-60, 37 FR 15779, Aug. 4, 1972, as amended by CGD 83-012, 49 FR 
39327, Oct. 5, 1984; CGD 85-002, 51 FR 37573, Oct. 23, 1986; USCG-1999-
5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 181.17  Label numbers and letters.

    Letters and numbers on each label must:
    (a) Be no less than one-eighth of an inch in height; and
    (b) Contrast with the basic color of the label, except that the date 
of certification may be permanently stamped, engraved, or embossed on 
the label.



Sec. 181.19  Construction of labels.

    (a) Each label must be made of material that can withstand exposure 
to water, oil, salt spray, direct sunlight, heat, cold, and wear 
expected in normal use of the boat or item of associated equipment 
without deterioration of legibility.
    (b) Each label must be made of material that shows visible traces of 
the alteration or removal of information on the label.



                    Subpart C_Identification of Boats

    Source: CGD 79-013, 48 FR 40718, Sept. 9, 1983, unless otherwise 
noted.

[[Page 861]]



Sec. 181.21  Purpose, applicability and effective dates.

    This subpart prescribes the requirements for identification of boats 
to which section 46 U.S.C. 4301 applies.

[CGD 79-013, 48 FR 40718, Sept. 9, 1983, as amended by USCG-1998-3799, 
63 FR 35534, June 30, 1998; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 181.23  Hull identification numbers required.

    (a) A manufacturer (or importer), as defined in Sec. 181.3 of this 
part, must identify each boat produced or imported with two hull 
identification numbers that meet the requirements of this subpart:
    (1) A primary hull identification number affixed in accordance with 
Sec. Sec. 181.29(a) and (c) of this subpart; and
    (2) A duplicate hull identification number affixed in accordance 
with Sec. Sec. 181.29(b) and (c) of this subpart.
    (b) A person who builds or imports a boat for his or her own use and 
not for the purposes of sale, must identify that boat with two hull 
identification numbers that meet the requirements of this subpart.
    (c) No person may assign the same hull identification number to more 
than one boat.



Sec. 181.25  Hull identification number format.

    Each of the hull identification numbers required by Sec. 181.23 
must consist of twelve characters, uninterrupted by slashes, hyphens, or 
spaces, as follows:
    (a) The first three characters must be a manufacturer identification 
code assigned under Sec. 181.31(a) or the importer designation assigned 
under Sec. 181.31(b).
    (b) Characters four through eight must be a serial number assigned 
by the manufacturer in letters of the English alphabet, or Arabic 
numerals, or both, except the letters I, O, and Q.
    (c) Characters nine and ten must indicate the month and year of 
certification when a date of certification is required. In all other 
cases characters nine and ten must indicate the date of manufacture. The 
date indicated can be no earlier than the date construction or assembly 
began and no later than the date the boat leaves the place of 
manufacture or assembly or is imported into the United States for the 
purposes of sale. Character nine must be indicated using letters of the 
English alphabet. The first month of the year, January, must be 
designated by the letter ``A'', the second month, February, by the 
letter ``B'', and so on until the last month of the year, December. 
Character ten must be the last digit of the year of manufacture or 
certification and must be an Arabic numeral.
    (d) Characters eleven and twelve must indicate the model year using 
Arabic numerals for the last two numbers of the model year such as 
``82'' for 1982 and ``83'' for 1983.



Sec. 181.27  Information displayed near hull identification number.

    With the exception of the characters ``US-'', which constitute the 
country of origin code for the United States, if information is 
displayed on the boat within 2 inches of the 12-character hull 
identification number (HIN), that information must be separated from the 
HIN by means of borders or must be on a separate label, so that it will 
not be interpreted as part of the hull identification number.

[USCG-2003-14272, 69 FR 33860, June 17, 2004]



Sec. 181.29  Hull identification number display.

    Two identical hull identification numbers are required to be 
displayed on each boat hull.
    (a) The primary hull identification number must be affixed--
    (1) On boats with transoms, to the starboard outboard side of the 
transom within two inches of the top of the transom, gunwale, or hull/
deck joint, whichever is lowest.
    (2) On boats without transoms or on boats on which it would be 
impractical to use the transom, to the starboard outboard side of the 
hull, aft, within one foot of the stern and within two inches of the top 
of the hull side, gunwale or hull/deck joint, whichever is lowest.
    (3) On catamarans and pontoon boats which have readily replaceable 
hulls, to the aft crossbeam within one foot of the starboard hull 
attachment.
    (4) If the hull identification number would not be visible, because 
of rails,

[[Page 862]]

fittings, or other accessories, the number must be affixed as near as 
possible to the location specified in paragraph (a) of this section.
    (b) The duplicate hull identification number must be affixed in an 
unexposed location on the interior of the boat or beneath a fitting or 
item of hardware.
    (c) Each hull identification number must be carved, burned, stamped, 
embossed, molded, bonded, or otherwise permanently affixed to the boat 
so that alteration, removal, or replacement would be obvious. If the 
number is on a separate plate, the plate must be fastened in such a 
manner that its removal would normally cause some scarring of or damage 
to the surrounding hull area. A hull identification number must not be 
attached to parts of the boat that are removable.
    (d) The characters of each hull identification number must be no 
less than one-fourth of an inch high.

[CGD 79-013, 48 FR 40718, Sept. 19, 1983; 48 FR 53558, Nov. 28, 1983]



Sec. 181.31  Manufacturer identification code assignment.

    (a) Each person required by Sec. 181.23 to affix hull 
identifications numbers must request a manufacturer identification code 
in writing from the Recreational Boating Product Assurance Division, 
2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001. The request must 
indicate the manufacturer's name and U.S. address along with the general 
types and lengths of boats that will be manufactured.
    (b) For boats manufactured outside of the jurisdiction of the United 
States, a U.S. importer must obtain a manufacturer identification code 
as required by paragraph (a) of this section. The request of an 
importer, as defined in Sec. 181.3 of this subpart, must indicate the 
importer's name and U.S. address along with a list of the manufacturers, 
their addresses, and the general types and sizes of boats that will be 
imported. If a nation has a hull identification number system which has 
been accepted by the U.S. Coast Guard for the purpose of importing 
boats, it may be used by the importer instead of the one specified 
within this subpart. To request a list of those nations having such a 
numbering system, write to the Recreational Boating Product Assurance 
Division, 2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001.
    (c) Persons who are required to identify boats under Sec. 181.23(b) 
must obtain the required hull identification number from the State 
Boating Law Administrator of the State where the boat will be 
principally used, or, if the State Boating Law Administrator does not 
assign these numbers, from the Coast Guard District office in the area 
of principal use.

[CGD 79-013, 48 FR 40718, Sept. 9, 1983, as amended by CGD 88-052, 53 FR 
25122, July 1, 1988; CGD 96-026, 61 FR 33669, June 28, 1996]



Sec. 181.33  Conditions for use of manufacturer identification codes.

    (a) No manufacturer or importer may sell or transfer a manufacturer 
identification code or use a manufacturer identification code that has 
been assigned to another.
    (b) A manufacturer or importer who changes the business name or 
address must advise the Recreational Boating Product Assurance Division, 
2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001 of the change in 
writing.

[CGD 79-013, 48 FR 40718, Sept. 9, 1983, as amended by CGD 88-052, 53 FR 
25122, July 1, 1988; CGD 96-026, 61 FR 33669, June 28, 1996]



Sec. 181.35  Removal of numbers.

    No person may remove or alter a number required by this subpart 
unless authorized by the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard.

Subparts D-F [Reserved]



      Subpart G_Instruction Pamphlet for Personal Flotation Devices

    Source: CGD 75-008a, 43 FR 9767, Mar. 9, 1978, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 181.701  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to all personal flotation devices that are sold 
or offered for sale for use on recreational boats.

[[Page 863]]



Sec. 181.702  Information pamphlet: requirement to furnish.

    (a) Each manufacturer of a Type I, II, III, IV, or V personal 
flotation device (PFD) must furnish with each PFD that is sold or 
offered for sale for use on a recreational boat, an information pamphlet 
meeting the requirements of Sec. 181.703, Sec. 181.704, or Sec. 
181.705 of this subpart, as appropriate.
    (b) No person may sell or offer for sale for use on a recreational 
boat, a Type I, II, III, IV, or V PFD unless an information pamphlet 
required by this section is attached in such a way that it can be read 
prior to purchase.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13927, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 181.703  Information pamphlet: Contents.

    Unless otherwise specified in this subpart, each information 
pamphlet must contain the information specified in sections 33, 34 and 
35 of UL 1123.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13927, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 181.704  Contents of information pamphlet: Recreational hybrid PFD.

    Each information pamphlet for a recreational hybrid PFD approved 
under 46 CFR 160.077 must contain the information specified in 46 CFR 
160.077-27.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13927, Mar. 28, 1996]



Sec. 181.705  Contents of information pamphlet: Recreational inflatable 
PFD.

    Each information pamphlet for a recreational inflatable PFD approved 
under 46 CFR 160.076 must contain the information required by 46 CFR 
160.076-35.

[CGD 93-055, 61 FR 13927, Mar. 28, 1996]



PART 183_BOATS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT--Table of Contents




                            Subpart A_General

Sec.
183.1 Purpose and applicability.
183.3 Definitions.
183.5 Incorporation by reference.

                Subpart B_Display of Capacity Information

183.21 Applicability.
183.23 Capacity marking required.
183.25 Display of markings.
183.27 Construction of markings.

                         Subpart C_Safe Loading

183.31 Applicability.
183.33 Maximum weight capacity: Inboard and inboard-outdrive boats.
183.35 Maximum weight capacity: Outboard boats.
183.37 Maximum weight capacity: Boats rated for manual propulsion and 
          boats rated for outboard motors of 2 horsepower or less.
183.39 Persons capacity: Inboard and inboard-outdrive boats.
183.41 Persons capacity: Outboard boats.
183.43 Persons capacity: Boats rated for manual propulsion and boats 
          rated for outboard motors of 2 horsepower or less.

                         Subpart D_Safe Powering

183.51 Applicability.
183.53 Horsepower capacity.

Subpart E [Reserved]

  Subpart F_Flotation Requirements for Inboard Boats, Inboard/Outdrive 
                           Boats, and Airboats

183.101 Applicability.
183.105 Quantity of flotation required.
183.110 Definitions.
183.112 Flotation material and air chambers.
183.114 Test of flotation materials.

Subpart G_Flotation Requirements for Outboard Boats Rated for Engines of 
                         More Than 2 Horsepower

                                 General

183.201 Applicability.
183.202 Flotation and certification requirements.
183.205 Passenger carrying area.
183.210 Reference areas.
183.215 Reference depth.
183.220 Preconditioning for tests.
183.222 Flotation material and air chambers.

                                  Tests

183.225 Flotation test for persons capacity.
183.230 Stability test.
183.235 Level flotation test without weights for persons capacity.

Subpart H_Flotation Requirements for Outboard Boats Rated for Engines of 
                          2 Horsepower or Less

                                 General

183.301 Applicability.
183.302 Flotation requirements.

[[Page 864]]

183.305 Passenger carrying area.
183.310 Reference areas.
183.315 Reference depth.
183.320 Preconditioning for tests.
183.322 Flotation materials.

                                  Tests

183.325 Flotation test for persons capacity.
183.330 Stability test.
183.335 Level flotation test without weights for persons capacity.

Table 4 to Subpart H of Part 183--Weights (Pounds) of Outboard Motor and 
          Related Equipment for Various Boat Horsepower Ratings
Figures to Subpart H of Part 183

                      Subpart I_Electrical Systems

                                 General

183.401 Purpose, applicability, and effective dates.
183.402 Definitions.
183.405 General.

                        Manufacturer Requirements

183.410 Ignition protection.
183.415 Grounding.
183.420 Batteries.
183.425 Conductors: General.
183.430 Conductors in circuits of less than 50 volts.
183.435 Conductors in circuits of 50 volts or more.
183.440 Secondary circuits of ignition systems.
183.445 Conductors: Protection.
183.455 Overcurrent protection: General.
183.460 Overcurrent protection: Special applications.

                         Subpart J_Fuel Systems

                                 General

183.501 Applicability.
183.505 Definitions.
183.507 General.

                           Equipment Standards

183.510 Fuel tanks.
183.512 Fuel tanks: Prohibited materials.
183.514 Fuel tanks: Labels.
183.516 Cellular plastic used to encase fuel tanks.
183.518 Fuel tank openings.
183.520 Fuel tank vent systems.
183.524 Fuel pumps.
183.526 Carburetors.
183.528 Fuel stop valves.
183.530 Spud, pipe, and hose fitting configuration.
183.532 Clips, straps, and hose clamps.
183.534 Fuel filters and strainers.
183.536 Seals and gaskets in fuel filters and strainers.
183.538 Metallic fuel line materials.
183.540 Hoses: Standards and markings.
183.542 Fuel systems.

                        Manufacturer Requirements

183.550 Fuel tanks: Installation.
183.552 Plastic encased fuel tanks: Installation.
183.554 Fittings, joints, and connections.
183.556 Plug and fittings.
183.558 Hoses and connections.
183.560 Hose clamps: Installation.
183.562 Metallic fuel lines.
183.564 Fuel tank fill system.
183.566 Fuel pumps: Placement.
183.568 Anti-siphon protection.
183.570 Fuel filters and strainers: Installation.
183.572 Grounding.

                                  Tests

183.580 Static pressure test for fuel tanks.
183.584 Shock test.
183.586 Pressure impluse test.
183.588 Slosh test.
183.590 Fire test.

                          Subpart K_Ventilation

183.601 Applicability.
183.605 Definitions.
183.607 Incorporation by reference.
183.610 Powered ventilation system.
183.620 Natural ventilation system.
183.630 Standards for natural ventilation.

                   Subpart L_Start-in-Gear Protection

183.701 Applicability.
183.705 Definitions.
183.710 Start-in-gear protection required.
183.715 Exception.

                       Subpart M_Navigation Lights

183.801 Applicability.
183.803 Definitions.
183.810 Navigation light certification requirements.

Subpart N [Reserved]

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 4302; Pub. L 103-206, 107 Stat. 2439; 49 CFR 
1.46.

    Source: CGD 72-61R, 37 FR 15782, Aug. 4, 1972, unless otherwise 
noted.



                            Subpart A_General



Sec. 183.1  Purpose and applicability.

    This part prescribes standards and regulations for boats and 
associated equipment to which 46 U.S.C. Chapter

[[Page 865]]

43 applies and to which certification requirements in Part 181 of this 
subchapter apply.

[CGD 85-098, 52 FR 19728, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.3  Definitions.

    Beam means the transverse distance between the outer sides of the 
boat excluding handles, and other similar fittings, attachments, and 
extensions.
    Boat means any vessel--
    (1) Manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use;
    (2) Leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's 
noncommercial use; or
    (3) Operated as an uninspected passenger vessel subject to the 
requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C.
    Full transom means a transom with a maximum width which exceeds one-
half the maximum beam of the boat.
    Length means the straight line horizontal measurement of the overall 
length from the foremost part of the boat to the aftermost part of the 
boat, measured from end to end over the deck excluding sheer, and 
measured parallel to the centerline. Bow sprits, bumpkins, rudders, 
outboard motor brackets, handles, and other similar fittings, 
attachments, and extensions are not included in the measurement.
    Monohull boat means a boat on which the line of intersection of the 
water surface and the boat at any operating draft forms a single closed 
curve. For example, a catamaran, trimaran, or a pontoon boat is not a 
monohull boat.
    Motorwell means any arrangement of bulkheads or structures that 
prevents water from entering the passenger carrying area of the boat 
through any cutout area in the transom for mounting an outboard motor.
    Motorwell height means the vertical distance from the lowest point 
of water ingress along the top of the motorwell to a line representing a 
longitudinal extension of the centerline of the boat's bottom surface, 
excluding keels. This distance is measured as a projection on the 
centerline plane of the boat. See Figure 183.3.
    Permanent appurtenances means equipment that is mounted or fastened, 
so that it is not removable without the use of tools. Seats, inboard 
engines, windshields, helm stations, or hardtops are permanent 
appurtenances. Outboard motors, controls, batteries, and portable fuel 
tanks are not permanent appurtenances.
    Remote steering means any mechanical assist device which is rigidly 
attached to the boat and used in steering the vessel, including but not 
limited to mechanical, hydraulic, or electrical control systems.
    Sailboat means a boat designed or intended to use sails as the 
primary means of propulsion.
    Sheer means the topmost line in a boat's side. The sheer intersects 
the vertical centerline plane of the boat at the forward end and 
intersects the transom (stern) at the aft end. For the purposes of this 
definition, the topmost line in a boat's side is the line defined by a 
series of points of contact with the boat structure, by straight lines 
at 45 degree angles to the horizontal and contained in a vertical plane 
normal to the outside edge of the boat as seen from above and which are 
brought into contact with the outside of the horizontal boat. A boat is 
horizontal when it is transversely level and when the lowest points at 
40 percent and 75 percent of the boat's length behind the most forward 
point of the boat are level.
    Transom means the surface at the stern of a boat projecting or 
facing aft. The upper boundary of the transom is the line defined by a 
series of points of contact, with the boat structure, by straight lines 
at 45 degree angles to the horizontal and contained in a vertical 
longitudinal plane and which are brought into contact with the stern of 
the horizontal boat. A boat is horizontal when it is transversely level 
and when the lowest points at 40 percent and 75 percent of the boat's 
length behind the most forward point of the boat are level.
    Transom height means the vertical distance from the lowest point of 
water ingress along the top of the transom to a line representing a 
longitudinal extension of the centerline of the boat's bottom surface, 
excluding keels. This distance is measured as a projection on the 
centerline plane of the boat. See Figure 183.3.

[[Page 866]]

    Vessel includes every description of watercraft, other than a 
seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of 
transportation on the water.

               Figure 183.3--Transom and Motorwell Height
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC18OC91.018


[CGD 73-250, 40 FR 43856, Sept. 23, 1975, as amended by CGD 75-176, 42 
FR 2681, Jan. 13, 1977; CGD 85-002, 51 FR 37574, Oct. 23, 1986; CGD 96-
026, 61 FR 33669, June 28, 1996; 61 FR 36629, July 12, 1996; USCG-1999-
5040, 67 FR 34760, May 15, 2002]



Sec. 183.5  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Certain materials are incorporated by reference into this part 
with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance 
with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than the one listed 
in paragraph (b) of this section, notice of change must be published in 
the Federal Register and the material made available to the public. All 
approved material is available for inspection at the Recreational 
Boating Product Assurance Division, Washington, DC 20593-0001, and at 
the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information 
on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go 
to: http://www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--federal--
regulations/ibr--locations.html. All approved material is available from 
the sources listed in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (b) The materials approved for incorporation by reference in this 
part, and the sections affected are:

Air Movement and Control Association, 30
 W. University Drive, Arlington Heights,
 IL 60004:
    AMCA 210-74: Laboratory Methods of      Sec. 183.610
     Testing Fans for Ratings--1974.
American Boat and Yacht Council, Inc.,
 3069 Solomons Island Road, Edgewater,
 Maryland 21037-1416:
    ABYC A-16 Electric Navigation Lights-   Sec. 183.810
     1997.

[[Page 867]]

 
American Society for Testing and
 Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West
 Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959:
    ASTM D 471-96, Standard Test Method     Sec. Sec. 183.114;
     for Rubber Property--Effect of          183.516; 183.607; 183.620
     Liquids.
    ASTM D 1621-94, Standard Test Method    Sec. 183.516
     for Compressive Properties of Rigid
     Cellular Plastics.
    ASTM D 1622-93, Standard Test Method    Sec. 183.516
     for Apparent Density of Rigid
     Cellular Plastics.
    ASTM D 2842-97, Standard Test Method    Sec. 183.114
     for Water Absorption of Rigid
     Cellular Plastics.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics,
 Engineers, Inc., 445 Hoes Lane,
 Piscataway, NJ 08854:
    IEEE 45 IEEE Recommended Practice for   Sec. 183.435
     Electrical Installations on
     Shipboard--1983. Cable Construction.
National Fire Protection Association, 1
 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269:
    NFPA No. 70 National Electrical Code--  Sec. 183.435
     1987. Articles 310 & 400.
Naval Publications Forms Center, Customer
 Service--Code 1052, 5801 Tabor Avenue,
 Philadelphia, PA 19120:
    MILSPEC-P-21929B Plastic Material,      Sec. 183.516
     Cellular Polyurethane, Foam-In-Place,
     Rigid--1970.
Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400
 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096:
    SAE J378 Marine Engine Wiring--1984...  Sec. 183.430
    SAE J557 High Tension Ignition Cable--  Sec. 183.440
     1968.
    SAE J1127 Battery Cable--1980.........  Sec. 183.430
    SAE J1128 Low Tension Primary Cable--   Sec. 183.430
     1975.
    SAE J1527DEC85 Marine Fuel Hoses--1985  Sec. 183.540
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL), 12
 Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park,
 NC 27709-3995:
    UL 1114 Marine (USCG Type A) Flexible   Sec. 183.540
     Fuel Line Hose--1987.
    UL 1128 Marine Blowers--1977..........  Sec. 183.610
    UL 1426 Cables for Boats--1987........  Sec. 183.435
 


[CGD 87-009, 53 FR 36971, Sept. 23, 1988, as amended by CGD 96-026, 61 
FR 33670, June 28, 1996; USCG-1999-5151, 64 FR 67176, Dec. 1, 1999; 
USCG-2000-7223, 65 FR 40059, June 29, 2000; USCG-1999-6580, 66 FR 55091, 
Nov. 1, 2001; 69 18803, Apr. 9, 2004; USCG-2004-18057, 69 FR 34926, June 
23, 2004]



                Subpart B_Display of Capacity Information



Sec. 183.21  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to monohull boats less than 20 feet in length, 
except sailboats, canoes, kayaks, and inflatable boats.



Sec. 183.23  Capacity marking required.

    Each boat must be marked in the manner prescribed in Sec. Sec. 
183.25 and 183.27 with the maximum persons capacity in whole numbers of 
persons and in pounds, the maximum weight capacity in pounds, determined 
under Sec. Sec. 183.33 through 183.43, and the maximum horsepower 
capacity determined under Sec. 183.53 or the statement ``This Boat Not 
Rated for Propulsion by a Motor''.

[CGD 78-034, 45 FR 2029, Jan. 10, 1980, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 64 
FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.25  Display of markings.

    (a) Each marking required by Sec. 183.23 must be permanently 
displayed in a legible manner where it is clearly visible to the 
operator when getting the boat underway.
    (b) The information required by Sec. 183.23 must be displayed in 
the following manner:
    (1) For outboard boats:

                   U.S. Coast Guard Maximum Capacities

XX Persons or XXX Pounds
XXX Pounds, persons, motor, gear
XXX Horsepower, motor

 or

                   U.S. Coast Guard Maximum Capacities

XX Persons or XXX Pounds
XXX Pounds, persons, motor, gear
XXX Horsepower, motor with remote steering
XXX Horsepower, motor without remote steering

    (2) For inboard boats and inboard-outboard boats:

[[Page 868]]

                   U.S. Coast Guard Maximum Capacities

XX Persons or XXX Pounds
XXX Pounds, persons, gear

    (3) For boats rated for motors of 2 horsepower or less:

                   U.S. Coast Guard Maximum Capacities

XX Persons or XXX Pounds
XXX Pounds, persons, motor, gear
XXX Horsepower, motor

    (4) For boats rated for manual propulsion:

                   U.S. Coast Guard Maximum Capacities

XX Persons or XXX Pounds
XXX Pounds, persons, gear

               This Boat Not Rated for Propulsion by Motor

    (c) The capacity information displays required in paragraph (b) must 
meet the following as illustrated in Figure 183.25:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC18OC91.019

    (1) The capacity information required in Sec. 183.23 must be 
displayed within a yellow area that--
    (i) Is at least 4 inches wide; and
    (ii) Is high enough that each line of print is separated by at least 
\1/8\ inch from each other and from the borders of the yellow area;
    (2) The persons capacity in whole numbers must be black print with 
the following dimensions:
    (i) The height must not be smaller than one-half inch;
    (ii) The width of the numbers must be three-fifths of the height 
except for the number ``4'', which shall be one stroke width wider, and 
the number ``1'', which shall be one stroke in width;
    (iii) The stroke width shall be one-sixth of the height; and
    (iv) The minimum space between the numbers shall be one stroke 
width.
    (3) The words in the line ``XX Persons or XXX Pounds'' must be at 
least one-quarter inch in height but not larger than one-half the height 
of the persons capacity number and of a color contrasting with yellow. 
The number of pounds in this line must be at least one-eighth inch in 
height but no larger than one-half the height of the persons capacity 
number and of a color contrasting with yellow.
    (4) All remaining words and numbers required to be within the yellow 
area required in paragraph (c)(1) must be at least one-eighth inch in 
height, but no larger than one-half the height of the persons capacity 
number.
    (5) All other words and numbers on the displays must be located 
outside

[[Page 869]]

the yellow area on a background color which contrasts with yellow.
    (6) The words ``Maximum Capacities'' must be at least one-quarter 
inch in height and of color contrasting with its background.
    (7) The words ``U.S. Coast Guard'' must be at least one-eighth inch 
in height and of color contrasting with its background.

[CGD 78-034, 45 FR 2029, Jan. 10, 1980]



Sec. 183.27  Construction of markings.

    Each marking required by Sec. 183.23 must be--
    (a) Capable of withstanding the combined effects of exposure to 
water, oil, salt spray, direct sunlight, heat, cold, and wear expected 
in normal operation of the boat, without loss of legibility; and
    (b) Resistant to efforts to remove or alter the information without 
leaving some obvious sign of such efforts.

[CGD 78-034, 45 FR 2030, Jan. 10, 1980]



                         Subpart C_Safe Loading



Sec. 183.31  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to monohull boats less than 20 feet in length 
except sailboats, canoes, kayaks, and inflatable boats.



Sec. 183.33  Maximum weight capacity: Inboard and inboard-outdrive boats.

    (a) The maximum weight capacity (W) marked on a boat that has one or 
more inboard or inboard-outdrive units for propulsion must not exceed 
the greater value of W obtained from either of the following formulas:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC18OC91.020

    (b) For the purposes of paragraph (a) of this section:
    (1) ``Maximum displacement'' is the weight of the volume of water 
displaced by the boat at its maximum level immersion in calm water 
without water coming aboard. For the purpose of this paragraph, a boat 
is level when it is transversely level and when either of the two 
following conditions are met:
    (i) The forward point where the sheer intersects the vertical 
centerline plane and the aft point where the sheer intersects the upper 
boundary of the transom (stern) are equidistant above the water surface 
or are equidistant below the water surface.
    (ii) The most forward point of the boat is level with or above the 
lowest point of water ingress.
    (2) ``Boat weight'' is the combination of:
    (i) Hull weight;
    (ii) Deck and superstructure weight;
    (iii) Weight of permanent appurtenances; and
    (iv) Weight of full permanent fuel tanks.
    (3) ``Machinery weight'' is the combined weight of installed engines 
or motors, control equipment, drive units, and batteries.

[CGD 72-61R, 37 FR 15782, Aug. 4, 1972]

    Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting Sec. 
183.33, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the 
Finding Aids section of the printed volume and on GPO Access.



Sec. 183.35  Maximum weight capacity: Outboard boats.

    (a) The maximum weight capacity marked on a boat that is designed or 
intended to use one or more outboard motors for propulsion must be a 
number that does not exceed one-fifth of the difference between its 
maximum displacement and boat weight.

[[Page 870]]

    (b) For the purposes of paragraph (a) of this section:
    (1) ``Maximum displacement'' is the weight of the volume of water 
displaced by the boat at its maximum level immersion in calm water 
without water coming aboard except for water coming through one opening 
in the motor well with its greatest dimension not over 3 inches for 
outboard motor controls or fuel lines. For the purpose of this 
paragraph, a boat is level when it is transversely level and when either 
of the two following conditions are met:
    (i) The forward point where the sheer intersects the vertical 
centerline plane and the aft point where the sheer intersects the upper 
boundary of the transom (stern) are equidistant above the water surface 
or are equidistant below the water surface.
    (ii) The most forward point of the boat is level with or above the 
lowest point of water ingress.
    (2) ``Boat weight'' is the combination of:
    (i) Hull weight;
    (ii) Deck and superstructure weight;
    (iii) Weight of permanent appurtenances; and
    (iv) Weight of full permanent fuel tanks.

[CGD 72-61, 37 FR 15782, Aug. 4, 1972, as amended by CGD 73-250, 40 FR 
43857, Sept. 23, 1975; CGD 75-176, 42 FR 2681, Jan. 13, 1977; USCG-1999-
5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.37  Maximum weight capacity: Boats rated for manual propulsion 
and boats rated for outboard motors of 2 horsepower or less.

    (a) The maximum weight capacity marked on a boat that is rated for 
manual propulsion or for motors of 2 horsepower or less must not exceed 
3/10 of the difference between the boat's maximum displacement and the 
boat's weight in pounds.
    (b) For the purposes of paragraph (a) of this section:
    (1) ``Maximum displacement'' is the weight of the volume of water 
displaced by the boat at its maximum level immersion in calm water 
without water coming aboard. For the purpose of this paragraph, a boat 
is level when it is transversely level and when either of the two 
following conditions are met:
    (i) The forward point where the sheer intersects the vertical 
centerline plane and the aft point where the sheer intersects the upper 
boundary of the transom (stern) are equidistant above the water surface 
or are equidistant below the water surface.
    (ii) The most forward point of the boat is level with or above the 
lowest point of water ingress.
    (2) ``Boat weight'' is the combination of:
    (i) Hull weight;
    (ii) Deck and superstructure weight; and
    (iii) Weight of permanent appurtenances.

[CGD 72-61R, 37 FR 15782, Aug. 4, 1972]

    Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting Sec. 
183.37, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the 
Finding Aids section of the printed volume and on GPO Access.



Sec. 183.39  Persons capacity: Inboard and inboard-outdrive boats.

    (a) The persons capacity in pounds marked on a boat that is designed 
to use one or more inboard engines or inboard-outdrive units for 
propulsion must not exceed the lesser of:
    (1) The maximum weight capacity determined under Sec. 183.33 for 
the boat; or
    (2) For boats with a maximum persons capacity less than 550 pounds, 
the maximum persons capacity determined in the following manner:
    (i) Float the boat in calm water with all its permanent 
appurtenances, including installed engines, full fuel system and tanks, 
control equipment, drive units and batteries.
    (ii) Gradually add weights along one outboard extremity of each 
passenger carrying area, at the height of the seat nearest the center of 
that area, but no higher than the height of the gunwale and distributed 
equally forward and aft of that center in a plane parallel to the 
floorboards, until the boat assumes the maximum list or trim or both, 
without water coming aboard.
    (iii) Compute the persons capacity in pounds in the following 
formula: Persons capacity=A/0.6 where A is the total of the weights 
added in paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section.

[[Page 871]]

    (b) The maximum persons capacity in whole numbers of persons marked 
on a boat that is designed or intended to use one or more inboard 
engines or inboard-outboard units must not exceed the value obtained by 
adding 32 pounds to the value determined in paragraph (a)(2)(iii), 
dividing the sum by 141 and rounding off the result to the nearest whole 
number. If the fraction is less than one-half, round down to the next 
whole integer and if the fraction is equal to or greater than one-half, 
round up to the next higher whole integer.

[CGD 78-034, 45 FR 2030, Jan. 10, 1980, as amended by CGD 83-012, 49 FR 
39328, Oct. 5, 1984; 50 FR 18636, May 2, 1985]



Sec. 183.41  Persons capacity: Outboard boats.

    (a) The persons capacity in pounds marked on a boat that is designed 
to use one or more outboard motors for propulsion must not exceed the 
lesser of:
    (1) The maximum weight capacity determined under Sec. 183.35 for 
the boat minus the motor and control weight, battery weight (dry), and 
full portable fuel tank weight from Table 4 of Subpart H of this part; 
or
    (2) For boats with a maximum persons capacity less than 550 pounds, 
the maximum persons capacity determined in the following manner:
    (i) Float the boat with all its permanent appurtenances.
    (ii) Add, in normal operating positions, the dry motor and control 
weight, battery weight, and full portable fuel tank weight, if any, 
shown in Table 4 of Subpart H of this part for the maximum horsepower 
capacity marked on the boat. Permanently installed fuel tanks shall be 
full of fuel.
    (iii) Gradually add weights along one outboard extremity of each 
passenger carrying area, at the height of the seat nearest the center of 
that area, but no higher than the height of the gunwale, and distributed 
equally forward and aft of that center in a plane parallel to the 
floorboards until the boat assumes the maximum list or trim, or both 
without water coming aboard.
    (iv) Compute the persons capacity in pounds using the following 
formula: Persons capacity=A/0.6 where A is the total of the weights 
added in paragraph (a)(2)(iii) of this section.
    (b) The maximum persons capacity in whole numbers of persons marked 
on a boat designed or intended to use one or more outboard motors for 
propulsion must not exceed the value obtained by adding 32 pounds to the 
lesser of the values determined in paragraph (a)(1) or (a)(2)(iv), 
dividing the sum by 141, and rounding off the result to the nearest 
whole number. If the fraction is less than one-half, round down to the 
next lower whole integer and if the fraction is equal to or greater than 
one-half, round up to the next higher whole integer.

[CGD 78-034, 45 FR 2030, Jan. 10, 1980, as amended by CGD 83-012, 49 FR 
39328, Oct. 5, 1984; 50 FR 18636, May 2, 1985]



Sec. 183.43  Persons capacity: Boats rated for manual propulsion and 
boats rated for outboard motors of 2 horsepower or less.

    (a) The persons capacity in pounds marked on a boat that is rated 
for manual propulsion or for motors of 2 horsepower or less must not 
exceed:
    (1) For boats rated for manual propulsion, 90 percent of the maximum 
weight capacity in pounds; and
    (2) For boats rated for motors of 2 horsepower or less, 90 percent 
of the maximum weight capacity in pounds, less 25 pounds.
    (b) The maximum persons capacity, in whole numbers of persons marked 
on a boat that is rated for manual propulsion must not exceed the value 
obtained by adding 32 pounds to the value determined in paragraph 
(a)(1), dividing the sum by 141, and rounding off the result to the 
nearest whole number. If the fraction is less than one-half, round down 
to the next lower integer and if the fraction is equal to or greater 
than one-half, round up to the next higher whole integer.
    (c) The maximum persons capacity in whole numbers of persons marked 
on a boat rated for motors of 2 horsepower or less must not exceed the 
value obtained by adding 32 pounds to the value determined in paragraph 
(a)(2), dividing the sum by 141, and rounding off the result to the 
nearest whole number. If the fraction is less than one-half, round down 
to the next lower

[[Page 872]]

whole integer and if the fraction is equal to or greater than one-half, 
round up to the next higher whole integer.

[CGD 78-034, 45 FR 2031, Jan. 10, 1980]



                         Subpart D_Safe Powering



Sec. 183.51  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to monohull boats less than 20 feet in length, 
except sailboats, canoes, kayaks, and inflatable boats, that are 
designed or intended to use one or more outboard motors for propulsion.



Sec. 183.53  Horsepower capacity.

    The maximum horsepower capacity marked on a boat must not exceed the 
horsepower capacity determined by the computation method discussed in 
paragraph (a) of this section, or for certain qualifying boats, the 
performance test method discussed in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (a) The maximum horsepower capacity must be computed as follows:
    (1) Compute a factor by multiplying the boat length in feet by the 
maximum transom width in feet excluding handles and other similar 
fittings, attachments, and extensions. If the boat does not have a full 
transom, the transom width is the broadest beam in the aftermost quarter 
length of the boat.
    (2) Locate horsepower capacity corresponding to the factor in Table 
183.53.
    (3) For a boat with a factor over 52.5, if the horsepower capacity 
calculated in Table 183.53 is not an exact multiple of 5, it may be 
raised to the next exact multiple of 5.
    (4) For flat bottom hard chine boats with a factor of 52 or less, 
the horsepower capacity must be reduced by one horsepower capacity 
increment in Table 183.53.

                                 Table 183.53--Outboard Boat Horsepower Capacity
                                   [Compute: Factor=Boat LengthxTransom Width]
If factor (nearest integer) is......................        0-35       36-39       40-42       43-45       46-52
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Horsepower Capacity is..............................           3           5         7.5          10          15
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
[Note: For flat bottom hard chine boats, with factor of 52 or less, reduce one capacity limit (e.g. 5 to 3)]


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                No remote steering, or less than 20[sec] transom
                                        Remote steering and at                       height
 If factor is over 52.5 and the boat    least 20[sec] transom  -------------------------------------------------
                 has                            height            For flat bottom hard
                                                                      chine boats            For other boats
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Horsepower capacity is (raise to       (2xFactor) -90.........  (0.5xFactor)-15........  (0.8xFactor)-25
 nearest multiple of 5).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) For boats qualifying under this paragraph, the performance test 
method described in this paragraph may be used to determine the 
horsepower capacity.
    (1) Qualifying criteria. (i) Thirteen feet or less in length;
    (ii) Remote wheel steering;
    (iii) Transom height
    (A) Minimum 19 inch transom height; or,
    (B) For boats with at least a 19 inch motorwell height, a minimum 15 
inch transom height;
    (iv) Maximum persons capacity not over two persons;
    (2) Boat preparation. (i) The boat must be rigged with equipment 
recommended or provided by the boat and motor manufacturer and tested 
with the highest horsepower production powerplant for which the boat is 
to be rated, not to exceed 40 horsepower.
    (ii) Standard equipment must be installed in accordance with 
manufacturers' instructions.
    (iii) The lowest ratio (quickest) steering system offered on the 
boat model being tested must be installed.
    (iv) The outboard motor must be fitted with the manufacturer's 
recommended propeller providing maximum speed.
    (v) Standard permanently installed fuel tanks must be no more than 
one-half full. Boats without permanent tanks must be tested with one 
full portable tank.

[[Page 873]]

    (vi) Portable tanks must be in their designated location or placed 
as far aft as possible.
    (vii) The outboard motor must be placed in the lowest vertical 
position on the transom or, if mounting instructions are provided with 
the boat, at the height recommended.
    (viii) Boat bottom, motor and propeller must be in new or almost new 
condition.

    Note: The use of the following special equipment should be 
considered because of the potential for exceeding the capabilities of 
the boat while performing the test:
Racing Type Personal Flotation Device
Helmet.

    (3) Test conditions. Testing must be conducted on smooth, calm water 
with the wind speed below 10 knots. The test must be conducted with no 
load other than a driver who must weigh no more than 200 pounds. The 
motor trim angle must be adjusted to provide maximum full throttle speed 
short of excessive porpoising or propeller ventilation or 
``cavitation'', so that there is no loss of directional control.
    (4) Quick turn test procedure. Set throttle at a low maneuvering 
speed and steer the boat straight ahead. Turn the steering wheel 
180[deg] in the direction of least resistance in \1/2\ second or less 
and hold it at that position without changing the throttle or trim 
settings during or after the wheel change. The boat completes the 
maneuver successfully if it is capable of completing a 90[deg] turn 
without the driver losing control of the boat or reducing the throttle 
setting. Gradually increase the boat's turn entry speed incrementally 
until the boat does not complete the Quick Turn Test successfully or 
successfully completes it at maximum throttle.

    Note: It is recognized that operator skill and familiarity with a 
particular boat and motor combination will affect the test results. It 
is permissible to make a number of practice runs through the quick turn 
test at any throttle setting.

    (5) Test course method. Set throttle for 30 miles per hour boat 
speed and run the test course set up in accordance with Figure 183.53, 
passing outside the designated avoidance marker for 35 to 37.5 miles per 
hour without contacting any of the course markers. If the boat 
successfully completes this run of the test course, increase the 
throttle setting to 35 to 37.5 miles per hour boat speed and run the 
course passing outside the designated avoidance marker for that speed 
without contacting any of the course markers. If the boat successfully 
completes this run of the test course and the motor was not at full 
throttle, increase the throttle setting to 37.5 to 42.5 miles per hour 
boat speed and run the course passing outside the designated avoidance 
marker for that speed without contacting any of the course markers. If 
the boat successfully completes this run of the test course and the 
motor was not at full throttle, increase the throttle setting to 42.5 
miles per hour or more and run the course passing outside the designated 
avoidance marker for that speed without contacting any of the course 
markers. If the boat successfully completes this run of the test course 
and the motor was not at full throttle, continue to increase the 
throttle setting and run the test course passing outside the designated 
avoidance marker for 42.5 miles per hour or more until the boat fails to 
complete the test successfully or the boat completes the test course 
maneuvers successfully at full throttle. The boat successfully completes 
the test course if the driver is able to maneuver it between the 
designated avoidance markers without striking the markers and without 
losing control of the boat or reducing the throttle setting. There must 
be no change in position of any equipment on board and there must be no 
change of position of personnel in order to influence the test results. 
There must be no instability evidenced by oscillating motion in the roll 
or yaw axes exhibited while negotiating the course.

    Note: It is recognized that operator skill and familiarity with a 
particular boat and motor combination will affect the test results. It 
is therefore considered permissible to make a number of practice runs 
through the test course at any throttle setting.

    (6) Maximum horsepower capacity. (i) For boats capable of less than 
35 miles per hour, the maximum horsepower capacity must be the maximum 
horsepower with which the boat was able to successfully complete the 
Quick Turn Test Procedure in Sec. 183.53(b)(4) at full

[[Page 874]]

throttle or the maximum horsepower determined under the calculations in 
Sec. 183.53(a) of this section.
    (ii) For boats capable of 35 miles per hour or more, the maximum 
horsepower capacity must be the maximum horsepower with which the boat 
was able to successfully complete both the Quick Turn Test Procedure in 
Sec. 183.53(b)(4) and the Test Course Method in Sec. 183.53(b)(5) at 
full throttle or the calculations in Sec. 183.53(a) of this section.
    (iii) The maximum horsepower capacity determined in accordance with 
Sec. 183.53(b) must not exceed 40 horsepower.

   Figure 183.53--Boat Horsepower Capacity Test Course--35 MPH or More
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC18OC91.021


[CGD 85-002, 51 FR 37574, Oct. 23, 1986]

Subpart E [Reserved]



  Subpart F_Flotation Requirements for Inboard Boats, Inboard/Outdrive 
                           Boats, and Airboats

    Source: CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20243, Apr. 18, 1977, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 183.101  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to monohull inboard boats, inboard/outdrive 
boats, and airboats less than 20 feet in length, except sailboats, 
canoes, kayaks, inflatable boats, submersibles, surface effect vessels, 
amphibious vessels, and raceboats.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20243, Apr. 18, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.105  Quantity of flotation required.

    (a) Each boat must have enough flotation to keep any portion of the 
boat above the surface of the water when the boat has been submerged in 
calm, fresh water for at least 18 hours and loaded with:
    (1) A weight that, when submerged, equals two-fifteenths of the 
persons capacity marked on the boat;
    (2) A weight that, when submerged, equals 25 percent of the dead 
weight; and
    (3) A weight in pounds that, when submerged, equals 62.4 times the 
volume in cubic feet of the two largest air chambers, if air chambers 
are used for flotation.
    (b) For the purpose of this section, ``dead weight'' means the 
maximum weight capacity marked on the boat minus the persons capacity 
marked on the boat.



Sec. 183.110  Definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    Bilge means the area in the boat, below a height of 4 inches 
measured from the lowest point in the boat where liquid can collect when 
the boat is in its static floating position, except engine rooms.
    Connected means allowing a flow of water in excess of one-quarter 
ounce per hour from the engine room bilge into any other compartment 
with a 12 inch head of water on the engine room side of the bulkhead.
    Engine room bilge means the area in the engine room or a connected 
compartment below a height of 12 inches measured from the lowest point 
where

[[Page 875]]

liquid can collect in these compartments when the boat is in its static 
floating position.
    Engine room means the compartment where a permanently installed 
gasoline or diesel engine is installed, including connected 
compartments.
    Open to atmosphere means a compartment that has at least 15 square 
inches of open area directly exposed to the atmosphere for each cubic 
foot of net compartment volume.
    Sealed compartment means an enclosure that can resist an exterior 
water level of 12 inches without seepage of more than one-quarter fluid 
ounce per hour.

[CGD 77-145, 43 FR 56858, Dec. 4, 1978, as amended by CGD 82-010, 48 FR 
8273, Feb. 28, 1983; CGD 85-098, 52 FR 19728, May 27, 1987; CGD 96-026, 
61 FR 33670, June 28, 1996; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999; 
USCG-1999-5151, 64 FR 67176, Dec. 1, 1999]



Sec. 183.112  Flotation material and air chambers.

    (a) Flotation materials must meet the requirements in Sec. 183.114 
as listed in Table 183.114 when used in the: (1) Engine room bilge, (2) 
engine room, or (3) bilge, unless located in a sealed compartment.
    (b) Air chambers used to meet the flotation requirements of this 
subpart must not be integral with the hull.

[CGD 77-145, 43 FR 56859, Dec. 4, 1978; 44 FR 47934, Aug. 16, 1979]



Sec. 183.114  Test of flotation materials.

    (a) Vapor test. The flotation material must not reduce in buoyant 
force more than 5 percent after being immersed in a fully saturated 
gasoline vapor atmosphere for 30 days at a minimum temperature of 38 
[deg]C.
    (b) 24-hour gasoline test. The flotation material must not reduce in 
buoyant force more than 5 percent after being immersed for 24 hours at 
23 plus or minus 2 [deg]C in reference fuel B, of ASTM D 471 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec. 183.5).
    (c) 30-day gasoline test. The flotation material must not reduce in 
buoyant force more than 5 percent after being immersed for 30 days at 23 
plus or minus 2 [deg]C in reference fuel B, of ASTM D 471 (incorporated 
by reference, see Sec. 183.5).
    (d) 24-hour oil test. The flotation material must not reduce in 
buoyant force more than 5 percent after being immersed for 24 hours at 
23 plus or minus 2 [deg]C in reference oil No. 2, of ASTM D 471 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec. 183.5).
    (e) 30-day oil test. The flotation material must not reduce in 
buoyant force more than 5 percent after being immersed for 30 days at 23 
plus or minus 2 [deg]C in reference oil No. 2, of ASTM D 471 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec. 183.5).
    (f) 24-hour bilge cleaner test. The flotation material must not 
reduce in buoyant force more than 5 percent after being immersed for 24 
hours at 23 plus or minus 2 [deg]C in a 5-percent solution of trisodium 
phosphate in water.
    (g) 30-day bilge cleaner test. The flotation material must not 
reduce in buoyant force more than 5 percent after being immersed for 30 
days at 23 plus or minus 2 [deg]C in a 5-percent solution of trisodium 
phosphate in water.
    (h) The buoyant force reduction in paragraphs (a) through (g) of 
this section is measured in accordance with ASTM D 2842 (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec. 183.5).

               Table 183.114--Flotation Performance Tests
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Area 183.110
                                           -----------------------------
                                                         (c)
                                                       Engine-
               Test 183.114                    (b)      room
                                             Engine-   unless      (d)
                                              room     open to    Bilge
                                              bilge    atmos-
                                                        phere
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(a) Vapor test............................  ........         X  ........
(b) 24 hour gasoline test.................  ........  ........         X
(c) 30 day gasoline test..................         X  ........  ........
(d) 24 hour oil test......................  ........  ........         X
(e) 30 day oil test.......................         X  ........  ........
(f) 24 hour bilge cleaner test............  ........  ........         X
(g) 30 day bilge cleaner test.............         X  ........  ........
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[CGD 77-145, 43 FR 56859, Dec. 4, 1978; 44 FR 47934, Aug. 16, 1979, as 
amended by USCG-2000-7223, 65 FR 40059, June 29, 2000]

[[Page 876]]



Subpart G_Flotation Requirements for Outboard Boats Rated for Engines of 
                         More Than 2 Horsepower

    Source: CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20243, Apr. 18, 1977, unless otherwise 
noted.

                                 General



Sec. 183.201  Applicability.

    (a) This subpart applies to monohull outboard boats that are:
    (1) Less than 20 feet in length; and
    (2) Rated for outboard engines of more than 2 horsepower.
    (b) This subpart does not apply to sailboats, canoes, kayaks, 
inflatable boats, submersibles, surface effect vessels, amphibious 
vessels, and raceboats.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20243, Apr. 18, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.202  Flotation and certification requirements.

    Each boat to which this subpart applies must be manufactured, 
constructed, or assembled to pass the stability and flotation tests 
prescribed in Sec. Sec. 183.225(a), 183.230(a), and 183.235(a).



Sec. 183.205  Passenger carrying area.

    (a) For the purpose of this section a boat is level when it is 
supported on its keel at the two points shown in Figure 2.
    (b) As used in this subpart, the term ``passenger carrying area'' 
means each area in a boat in which persons can sit in a normal sitting 
position or stand while the boat is in operation. Passenger carrying 
areas are illustrated in Figures 3 through 8.
    (c) The length of the passenger carrying area is the distance along 
the centerline of the boat between two vertical lines, one at the 
forward end and one at the aft end of the passenger carrying area when 
the boat is level as illustrated in Figures 3 and 4. For boats with a 
curved stem inside the passenger carrying area, the forward vertical 
line is where a line 45 degrees to the horizontal when the boat is level 
is tangent to the curve of the stem, as illustrated in Figure 5. For 
boats with cabins, the forward vertical line is where there is a minimum 
distance of two feet between the inside top of the cabin and the water 
line formed when the boat is swamped and loaded with weights under Sec. 
183.220 as illustrated in Figure 6.
    (d) The breadth of each passenger carrying area is the distance 
between two vertical lines at the mid-length, excluding consoles, of the 
passenger carrying area when the boat is level as illustrated in Figures 
7 and 8. For boats with round chines inside the passenger carrying area, 
the vertical line is where a transverse line 45 degrees to the 
horizontal is tangent to the arc of the chine, as illustrated in Figure 
8.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20243, Apr. 18, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.210  Reference areas.

    (a) The forward reference area of a boat is the forward most 2 feet 
of the top surface of the hull or deck, as illustrated in Figure 9.
    (b) The aft reference area of a boat is the aft most two feet of the 
top surface of the hull or deck, as illustrated in Figure 9.



Sec. 183.215  Reference depth.

    Reference depth is the minimum distance between the uppermost 
surface of the submerged reference area of a boat and the surface of the 
water measured at the centerline of the boat, as illustrated in Figure 
10. If there is no deck surface at the centerline of the boat from which 
a measurement can be made, the reference depth is the average of two 
depth measurements made on opposite sides of, and at an equal distance 
from, the centerline of the boat.



Sec. 183.220  Preconditioning for tests.

    A boat must meet the following conditions for at least 18 hours 
before the tests required by Sec. Sec. 183.225, 183,230, and 183.235:
    (a) Manufacturer supplied permanent appurtenances such as 
windshields and convertible tops must be installed on the boat.
    (b) The boat must be loaded with a quantity of weight that, when 
submerged, is equal to the sum of the following:

[[Page 877]]

    (1) The sum of 50 percent of the first 550 pounds of the persons 
capacity marked on the boat and 12\1/2\ percent of the remainder of the 
persons capacity.
    (2) Twenty-five percent of the result of the following calculation, 
but not less than zero: The maximum weight capacity marked on the boat; 
less the weight shown in Column 6 of Table 4 for maximum horsepower 
marked on the boat; less the persons capacity marked on the boat.
    (c) The weights required by paragraph (b) of this section must be 
placed in the boat so that the center of gravity of each amount of 
weight required by paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section is 
within the shaded area illustrated in Figure 11. The location and 
dimensions of the shaded area are as follows:
    (1) The shaded area is centered at the mid-length of the passenger 
carrying area and at the mid-breadth of the boat;
    (2) The length of the shaded area, measured along the centerline of 
the boat, is equal to 40 percent of the length of the passenger carrying 
area of the boat; and
    (3) The breadth of the shaded area, measured at the midlength of the 
passenger carrying area, is equal to 40 percent of the breadth of the 
passenger carrying area of the boat.
    (d) Weight must be placed in the normal operating position of the 
motor and controls and the battery in lieu of this equipment. The 
required quantity of weight used for this purpose depends upon the 
maximum rated horsepower of the boat being tested and is specified in 
Columns 2 and 4 of Table 4 for the swamped weight of the motor and 
controls and for the submerged weight or the battery, respectively.
    (e) Permanent fuel tanks must be filled with fuel and each external 
opening into the fuel tank must be sealed.
    (f) The boat must be keel down in the water.
    (g) The boat must be swamped, allowing water to flow between the 
inside and outside of the boat, either over the sides, through a hull 
opening, or both. Entrapped air in the flooded portion of the boat must 
be eliminated.
    (h) Water must flood the two largest air chambers and all air 
chambers integral with the hull.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20243, Apr. 18, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.222  Flotation material and air chambers.

    (a) Flotation materials must meet the requirements in Sec. 183.114 
as listed in Table 183.114 when used in the bilge, unless located in a 
sealed compartment.
    (b) Air chambers used to meet the flotation requirements of this 
subpart must not be integral with the hull.

[CGD 77-145, 43 FR 56859, Dec. 4, 1978; 44 FR 47934, Aug. 16, 1979]

                                  Tests



Sec. 183.225  Flotation test for persons capacity.

    Flotation standard. When the conditions prescribed in Sec. 183.220 
are met, the boat must float in fresh, calm water as follows:
    (a) The angle of heel does not exceed 10 degrees from the 
horizontal.
    (b) Any point on either the forward or aft reference area is above 
the surface of the water.
    (c) The reference depth at the reference area that is opposite the 
reference area that is above the surface of the water is 6 inches or 
less.



Sec. 183.230  Stability test.

    (a) Flotation standard. When the conditions prescribed in Sec. 
183.220 (a), (d) through (h) and paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section 
are met, the boat must float in fresh, calm water as follows:
    (1) The angle of heel does not exceed 30 degrees from the 
horizontal.
    (2) Any point on either the forward or aft reference area is above 
the surface of the water.
    (3) The reference depth at the reference area that is opposite the 
reference area that is above the surface of the water is 12 inches or 
less.
    (b) Quantity of weight used. Load the boat with a quantity of weight 
that, when submerged, is equal to the sum of the following:
    (1) One-half of the quantity of weight required by Sec. 
183.220(b)(1).

[[Page 878]]

    (2) The quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.220(b)(2).
    (c) Placement of quantity of weight: starboard side. Place the 
weight required by paragraph (b) of this section in the boat so that:
    (1) The quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.220(b)(2) is 
positioned in accordance with Sec. 183.220(c); and
    (2) One-half the quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.220(b)(1) 
is uniformly distributed over a distance along the outboard perimeter of 
the starboard side of the passenger carrying area that is equal to at 
least 30 percent of the length of the passenger carrying area so that 
the center of gravity of the quantity of weight is located within the 
shaded area illustrated in Figure 12, the center of gravity of the 
amount of weight placed on the floor of the boat is at least 4 inches 
above the floor, and the center of gravity of the amount of weight 
placed on a seat is at least 4 inches above the seat. The location and 
dimensions of the shaded area are as follows:
    (i) The shaded area is centered at the mid-length of the passenger 
carrying area;
    (ii) The length of the shaded area is equal to 70 percent of the 
length of the passenger carrying area; and
    (iii) The breadth of the shaded area is 6 inches from:
    (A) For weights placed on the floor, the outboard perimeter of the 
passenger carrying area; and
    (B) For weights placed on a seat, a vertical line inside the 
passenger carrying area as illustrated in Figure 13.
    (d) Placement of quantity of weight: port side. The quantity of 
weight required by paragraph (b)(1) of this section is placed along the 
port side of the passenger carrying area in accordance with the 
conditions prescribed in paragraph (c)(2) of this section.



Sec. 183.235  Level flotation test without weights for persons capacity.

    When the conditions prescribed in Sec. 183.220 (a) and (d) through 
(h) are met, the boat must float in fresh, calm water as follows:
    (a) The angle of heel does not exceed 10 degrees from the 
horizontal.
    (b) Any point on either the forward or aft reference area is above 
the surface of the water.
    (c) The reference depth at the reference area that is opposite the 
reference area that is above the surface of the water is 6 inches or 
less.

[CGD 77-145, 43 FR 56859, Dec. 4, 1978, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 64 
FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Subpart H_Flotation Requirements for Outboard Boats Rated for Engines of 
                          2 Horsepower or Less

    Source: CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20245, Apr. 18, 1977, unless otherwise 
noted.

                                 General



Sec. 183.301  Applicability.

    (a) This subpart applies to monohull outboard boats that are:
    (1) Less than 20 feet in length; and
    (2) Rated for manual propulsion or outboard engines of 2 horsepower 
or less.
    (b) This subpart does not apply to sailboats, canoes, kayaks, 
inflatable boats, submersibles, surface effect vessels, amphibious 
vessels, and raceboats.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20245, Apr. 18, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.302  Flotation requirements.

    Each boat to which this subpart applies must be manufactured, 
constructed, or assembled to pass the stability and flotation tests 
prescribed in Sec. Sec. 183.325(a), 183.330(a), and 183.335(a).



Sec. 183.305  Passenger carrying area.

    (a) For the purpose of this section, a boat is level when it is 
supported on its keel at the two points shown in Figure 2.
    (b) As used in this subpart, the term ``passenger carrying area'' 
means each area in a boat in which persons can sit in a normal sitting 
position or stand while the boat is in operation. Passenger carrying 
areas are illustrated in Figures 3 through 8.
    (c) The length of each passenger carrying area is the distance along 
the centerline of the boat between two

[[Page 879]]

vertical lines, one at the forward end and one at the aft end of the 
passenger carrying area, when the boat is level, as illustrated in 
Figures 3 and 4. For boats with a curved stem inside the passenger 
carrying area, the forward vertical line is where a line 45 degrees to 
the horizontal when the boat is level is tangent to the curve of the 
stem, as illustrated in Figure 5. For boats with cabins, the forward 
vertical line is where there is a minimum distance of two feet between 
the inside top of the cabin and the water line formed when the boat is 
swamped and loaded with weights under Sec. 183.320 as illustrated in 
Figure 6.
    (d) The breadth of the passenger carrying area is the distance 
beteen two vertical lines at the mid-length, excluding consoles, of the 
passenger carrying area when the boat is level as illustrated in Figures 
7 and 8. For boats with round chines inside the passenger carrying area, 
the vertical line is where a transverse line 45 degrees to the 
horizontal is tangent to the arc of the chine, as illustrated in Figure 
7.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20245, Apr. 18, 1977; 42 FR 24738, May 16, 1977]



Sec. 183.310  Reference areas.

    (a) The forward reference area of a boat is the forwardmost 2 feet 
of the top surface of the hull or deck as illustrated in Figure 9.
    (b) The aft reference area of a boat is the aftmost two feet of the 
top surface of the hull or deck, as illustrated in Figure 9.



Sec. 183.315  Reference depth.

    Reference depth is the minimum distance between the uppermost 
surface of the submerged reference area of a boat and the surface of the 
water measured at the centerline of the boat, as illustrated in Figure 
10. If there is no deck surface at the centerline of the boat from which 
a measurement can be made, the reference depth is the average of two 
depth measurements made on opposite sides of, and at an equal distance 
from, the centerline of the boat.



Sec. 183.320  Preconditioning for tests.

    A boat must meet the following conditions for at least 18 hours 
before the tests required by Sec. Sec. 183.325, 183.330, and 183.335:
    (a) Manufacturer supplied permanent appurtenances such as 
windshields, and convertible tops must be installed on the boat.
    (b) The boat must be loaded with a quantity of weight that, when 
submerged, is equal to the sum of the following:
    (1) Two-fifteenths of the persons capacity marked on the boat.
    (2) Twenty-five percent of the result of the following calculation, 
but not less than zero: the maximum weight capacity marked on the boat; 
less the weight shown in column 6 of Table 4 for the maximum horsepower 
marked on the boat; less the persons capacity marked on the boat.
    (c) The weights required by paragraph (b) of this section are placed 
in the boat so that the center of gravity of each amount of weight 
required by paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section is within the 
shaded area illustrated in Figure 11. The location and dimensions of the 
shaded area are as follows:
    (1) The shaded area is centered at the mid-length of the passenger 
carrying area and at the mid-breadth of the boat;
    (2) The length of the shaded area, measured along the centerline of 
the boat, is equal to 40 percent of the length of the passenger carrying 
area of the boat; and
    (3) The breadth of the shaded area, measured at the mid-length of 
the passenger carrying area, is equal to 40 percent of the breadth of 
the passenger carrying area of the boat.
    (d) Weight must be placed in the normal operating position of the 
motor and controls in lieu of this equipment. The quantity of weight 
used for this purpose depends upon the maximum rated horsepower of the 
boat being tested and is specified in Column 2 of Table 4 for the 
swamped weight of the motor and controls.
    (e) Permanent fuel tanks must be filled with fuel and each external 
opening into the fuel tank must be sealed.
    (f) The boat must be keel down in the water.
    (g) The boat must be swamped, allowing water to flow between the 
inside

[[Page 880]]

and the outside of the boat, either over the sides, through a hull 
opening, or both. Entrapped air in the flooded portion of the boat must 
be eliminated.



Sec. 183.322  Flotation materials.

    (a) Flotation materials must meet the requirements in Sec. 183.114 
as listed in Table 183.114 when used in the bilge, unless located in a 
sealed compartment.

[CGD 77-145, 43 FR 56859, Dec. 4, 1978; 44 FR 47934, Aug. 16, 1979]

                                  Tests



Sec. 183.325  Flotation test for persons capacity.

    Flotation standard. When the conditions prescribed in Sec. 183.320 
are met, the boat must float in fresh, calm water as follows:
    (a) The angle of heel does not exceed 10 degrees from the 
horizontal.
    (b) Any point on either the forward or aft reference area is above 
the surface of the water.
    (c) The reference depth at the reference area that is opposite the 
reference area that is above the surface of the water is 6 inches or 
less.



Sec. 183.330  Stability test.

    (a) Flotation standard. When the conditions prescribed in Sec. 
183.320 (a), (d) through (g) and paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section 
are met, the boat must float in fresh, calm water as follows:
    (1) The angle of heel does not exceed 30 degrees from the 
horizontal.
    (2) Any point on either the forward or aft reference area is above 
the surface of the water.
    (3) The reference depth at the reference area that is opposite the 
reference area that is above the surface of the water is 12 inches or 
less.
    (b) Quantity of weight used. Load the boat with quantity of weight 
that, when submerged, is equal to the sum of the following:
    (1) One-half the quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.320(b)(1).
    (2) The quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.320(b)(2).
    (c) Placement of quantity of weight: starboard side. Place the 
quantity of weight required by paragraph (b) of this section in the boat 
so that:
    (1) The quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.320(b)(2) is 
positioned in accordance with Sec. 183.320(c); and
    (2) One-half the quantity of weight required by Sec. 183.320(b)(1) 
is uniformly distributed over a distance along the outboard perimeter of 
the starboard side of the passenger carrying area that is equal to at 
least 30 percent of the length of the passenger carrying area so that 
the center of gravity of the quantity of weight is located within the 
shaded area illustrated in Figure 12, the center of gravity of the 
amount of weight placed on the floor of the boat is at least 4 inches 
above the floor and the center of gravity of the amount of weight placed 
on a seat is at least 4 inches above the seat. The location and 
dimensions of the shaded area are as follows:
    (i) The shaded area is centered at the mid-length of the passenger 
carrying area;
    (ii) The length of the shaded area is equal to 70 percent of the 
length of the passenger carrying area; and
    (iii) The breadth of the shaded area is 6 inches from:
    (a) For weights placed on the floor, the outboard perimeter of the 
passenger carrying area; and
    (b) For weights placed on a seat, a vertical line inside the 
passenger carrying area as illustrated in Figure 13.
    (d) Placement of quantity of weight: port side. The quantity of 
weight required by paragraph (b)(1) of this section is placed along the 
port side of the passenger carrying area in accordance with the 
conditions prescribed in paragraph (c)(2) of this section.



Sec. 183.335  Level flotation test without weights for persons capacity.

    When the conditions prescribed in Sec. 183.320 (a) and (d) through 
(g) are met, the boat must float in fresh, calm water as follows:
    (a) The angle of heel does not exceed 10 degrees from the 
horizontal.
    (b) Any point on either the forward or aft reference area is above 
the surface of the water.

[[Page 881]]

    (c) The reference depth at the reference area that is opposite the 
reference area that is above the surface of the water is 6 inches or 
less.

[CGD 75-168, 42 FR 20245, Apr. 18, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 
64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]

Table 4 to Subpart H of Part 183--Weights (Pounds) of Outboard Motor and 
          Related Equipment for Various Boat Horsepower Ratings

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Motor and control weight       Battery weight           Full
                                     ----------------------------------------------------   portable
       Boat horsepower rating                                                              fuel tank     1+3+5
                                          Dry        Swamped        Dry       Submerged      weight
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      Column No.
                                     --------------
                                           1            2            3            4            5           6
                                     --------------
0.1 to 2............................           25           20  ...........  ...........  ...........         25
2.1 to 3.9..........................           40           34  ...........  ...........  ...........         40
4.0 to 7............................           60           52  ...........  ...........           25         35
7.1 to 15...........................           90           82           20           11           50        160
15.1 to 25..........................          125          105           45           25           50        220
25.1 to 45..........................          170          143           45           25          100        315
45.1 to 60..........................          235          195           45           25          100        380
60.1 to 80..........................          280          235           45           25          100        425
80.1 to 145.........................          405          352           45           25          100        550
145.1 to 275........................          430          380           45           25          100        575
275.1 and up........................          605          538           45           25          100        750
 
  Transoms designed for twin motors
 
50.1 to 90..........................          340          286           90           50          100        530
90.1 to 120.........................          470          390           90           50          100        660
120.1 to 160........................          560          470           90           50          100        750
160.1 to 290........................          810          704           90           50          100       1000
290.1 to 550........................          860          760           90           50          100       1050
550.1 and up........................         1210         1076           90           50          100       1400
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[CGD 83-012, 49 FR 39328, Oct. 5, 1984]

[[Page 882]]

                    Figures to Subpart H of Part 183
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC18OC91.022



                      Subpart I_Electrical Systems

    Source: CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, unless otherwise 
noted.

                                 General



Sec. 183.401  Purpose, applicability, and effective dates.

    (a) This subpart applies to all boats that have gasoline engines, 
except outboard engines, for electrical generation, mechanical power, or 
propulsion.

[[Page 883]]

    (b) [Reserved]

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55736, Dec. 15, 1983; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.402  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart--
    AWG means American Wire Gauge.
    Electrical component means electrical equipment such as, but not 
limited to, conductors, solenoids, motors, generators, alternators, 
distributors, resistors, appliances and electrical control devices.
    Pigtails means external power conductors or wires that are part of 
electrical components and appliances, such as bilge pumps, blowers, 
lamps, switches, solenoids, and fuses.
    Sheath means a material used as a continuous protective covering, 
such as electrical tape, molded rubber, molded plastic, or flexible 
tubing, around one or more insulated conductors.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 85-098, 52 FR 
19728, May 27, 1987; CGD 96-026, 61 FR 33670, June 28, 1996]



Sec. 183.405  General.

    Each electrical component on a boat to which this subpart applies 
must meet the requirements of this subpart unless the component is part 
of an outboard engine or part of portable equipment.

                        Manufacturer Requirements



Sec. 183.410  Ignition protection.

    (a) Each electrical component must not ignite a propane gas and air 
mixture that is 4.25 to 5.25 percent propane gas by volume surrounding 
the electrical component when it is operated at each of its manufacturer 
rated voltages and current loadings, unless it is isolated from gasoline 
fuel sources, such as engines, and valves, connections, or other 
fittings in vent lines, fill lines, distribution lines or on fuel tanks, 
in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section.
    (b) An electrical component is isolated from a gasoline fuel source 
if:
    (1) A bulkhead that meets the requirements of paragraph (c) of this 
section is between the electrical component and the gasoline fuel 
source;
    (2) The electrical component is:
    (i) Lower than the gasoline fuel source and a means is provided to 
prevent fuel and fuel vapors that may leak from the gasoline fuel source 
from becoming exposed to the electrical component; or
    (ii) Higher than the gasoline fuel source and a deck or other 
enclosure is between it and the gasoline fuel source; or
    (3) The space between the electrical component and the gasoline fuel 
source is at least two feet and the space is open to the atmosphere.
    (c) Each bulkhead required by paragraph (b)(1) of this section must:
    (1) Separate the electrical component from the gasoline fuel source 
and extend both vertically and horizontally the distance of the open 
space between the fuel source and the ignition source;
    (2) Resist a water level that is 12 inches high or one-third of the 
maximum height of the bulkhead, whichever is less, without seepage of 
more than one-quarter fluid ounce of fresh water per hour; and
    (3) Have no opening located higher than 12 inches or one-third the 
maximum height of the bulkhead, whichever is less, unless the opening is 
used for the passage of conductors, piping, ventilation ducts, 
mechanical equipment, and similar items, or doors, hatches, and access 
panels, and the maximum annular space around each item or door, hatch or 
access panel must not be more than one-quarter inch.



Sec. 183.415  Grounding.

    If a boat has more than one gasoline engine, grounded cranking motor 
circuits must be connected to each other by a common conductor circuit 
that can carry the starting current of each of the grounded cranking 
motor circuits.



Sec. 183.420  Batteries.

    (a) Each installed battery must not move more than one inch in any 
direction when a pulling force of 90 pounds or twice the battery weight, 
whichever is less, is applied through the center of gravity of the 
battery as follows:
    (1) Vertically for a duration of one minute.

[[Page 884]]

    (2) Horizontally and parallel to the boat's center line for a 
duration of one minute fore and one minute aft.
    (3) Horizontally and perpendicular to the boat's center line for a 
duration of one minute to starboard and one minute to port.
    (b) Each battery must be installed so that metallic objects cannot 
come in contact with the ungrounded battery terminals.
    (c) Each metallic fuel line and fuel system component within 12 
inches and above the horizontal plane of the battery top surface as 
installed must be shielded with dielectric material.
    (d) Each battery must not be directly above or below a fuel tank, 
fuel filter, or fitting in a fuel line.
    (e) A vent system or other means must be provided to permit the 
discharge from the boat of hydrogen gas released by the battery.
    (f) [Reserved]
    (g) Each battery terminal connector must not depend on spring 
tension for its mechanical connection to the terminal.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55736, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.425  Conductors: General.

    (a) Each conductor must be insulated, stranded copper.
    (b) Except for intermittent surges each conductor must not carry a 
current greater than that specified in Table 5 for the conductor's gauge 
and temperature rating.
    (c) For conductors in engine spaces, amperages must be corrected by 
the appropriate correction factor in note 1 of Table 5.
    (d) Each conductor in a multiconductor sheath must be at least a No. 
18 AWG conductor.
    (e) Each conductor installed separately must be at least a No. 16 
AWG conductor.
    (f) Each No. 18 AWG conductor in a multiconductor sheath may not 
extend out of the sheath more than 30 inches.
    (g) This section does not apply to communications systems; 
electronic navigation equipment; electronic circuits having a current 
flow of less than one ampere; conductors which are totally inside an 
equipment housing; resistance conductors that control circuit amperage; 
high voltage secondary conductors and terminations that are in ignition 
systems; pigtails of less than seven inches of exposed length and 
cranking motor conductors.

                                    Table 5--Allowable Amperage of Conductors
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Temperature rating of conductor insulation
                                       -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       75        80        90        105       125
         Conductor size (AWG)            60 [deg]C   [deg]C    [deg]C    [deg]C    [deg]C    [deg]C   200 [deg]C
                                           (140       (167      (176      (194      (221      (257       (392
                                          [deg]F)    [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)    [deg]F)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
18....................................          10        10        15        20        20        25          25
16....................................          15        15        20        25        25        30          35
14....................................          20        20        25        30        35        40          45
12....................................          25        25        35        40        45        50          55
10....................................          40        40        50        55        60        70          70
8.....................................          55        65        70        70        80        90         100
6.....................................          80        95       100       100       120       125         135
4.....................................         105       125       130       135       160       170         180
3.....................................         120       145       150       155       180       195         210
2.....................................         140       170       175       180       210       225         240
1.....................................         165       195       210       210       245       265         280
0.....................................         195       230       245       245       285       305         325
00....................................         225       265       285       285       330       355         370
000...................................         260       310       330       330       385       410         430
0000..................................         300       360       385       385       445       475         510
---------------------------------------
                                                      NOTES
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. See the following table:              60 [deg]C        75        80        90       105       125  200 [deg]C
                                                      [deg]C    [deg]C    [deg]C    [deg]C    [deg]C
                                              (140      (167      (176      (194      (221      (257        (392
                                           [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)   [deg]F)     [deg]F)
  Temperature rating of conductor.....        0.58      0.75      0.78      0.82      0.85      0.89        1.00
 
2. See the following table:             Correction
                                            factor
  Number of current carrying
   conductors:
    3.................................        0.70

[[Page 885]]

 
    4 to 6............................         .60
    7 to 24...........................         .50
    25 and above......................         .40
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977; 42 FR 24739, May 16, 1977, as 
amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 55736, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.430  Conductors in circuits of less than 50 volts.

    (a) Each conductor in a circuit that has a nominal voltage of less 
than 50 volts must:
    (1) Meet the requirements of Sec. 183.435; or
    (2) Meet:
    (i) The insulating material temperature rating requirements of SAE 
Standard J378; and
    (ii) SAE Standard J1127, or SAE Standard 1128.
    (b) This section does not apply to communication systems; electronic 
navigation equipment; resistance conductors that control circuit 
amperage; and pigtails of less than seven inches of exposed length.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 87-009, 53 FR 
36971, Sept. 23, 1988]



Sec. 183.435  Conductors in circuits of 50 volts or more.

    (a) Each conductor in a circuit that has a nominal voltage of 50 
volts or more must be:
    (1) A conductor that has insulation listed and classified moisture 
resistant and flame retardant in Article 310, NFPA No. 70, National 
Electric Code;
    (2) A flexible cord type SO, STO, ST, SJO, SJT, or SJTO listed in 
Article 400, NFPA No. 70, National Electric Code;
    (3) A conductor that meets IEEE Standard 45.
    (4) A conductor that meets UL Standard 1426.
    (b) Where the nominal circuit voltage of each of three or more 
current carrying conductors in a duct, bundle, or cable is 50 volts or 
more, the amperages of each of those conductors must not exceed the 
value in table 5 multiplied by the correction factor in note 2 to Table 
5 for the number of conductors that carry 50 volts or more.
    (c) This section does not apply to communication systems; electronic 
navigation equipment; resistance conductors that control circuit 
amperage; conductors in secondary circuits of ignition systems; and 
pigtails of less than seven inches of exposed length.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977; 42 FR 24739, May 16, 1977, as 
amended by CGD 80-047 and CGD 80-046, 45 FR 85450, Dec. 29, 1980; CGD 
87-009, 53 FR 36972, Sept. 23, 1988]



Sec. 183.440  Secondary circuits of ignition systems.

    (a) Each conductor in a secondary circuit of an ignition system must 
meet SAE Standard J557.
    (b) The connection of each ignition conductor to a spark plug, coil, 
or distributor must have a tight fitting cap, boot, or nipple.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 64 
FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.445  Conductors: Protection.

    (a) Each conductor or group of conductors that passes through a 
bulkhead, structural member, junction box, or other rigid surface must 
be protected from abrasion.
    (b) Each ungrounded terminal or stud that is continuously energized 
must meet Sec. 183.455 or must have a boot, nipple, cap, cover, or 
shield that prevents accidental short-circuiting at the terminals or 
studs.

[CGD 81-092, 48 FR 55736, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.455  Overcurrent protection: General.

    (a) Each ungrounded current-carrying conductor must be protected by 
a

[[Page 886]]

manually reset, tripfree circuit breaker or fuse.
    (b) A manually reset, trip-free circuit breaker or fuse must be 
placed at the source of power for each circuit or conductor except:
    (1) If it is physically impractical to place the circuit breaker or 
fuse at the source of power, it may be placed within seven inches of the 
source of power for each circuit or conductor measured along the 
conductor.
    (2) If it is physically impractical to place the circuit breaker or 
fuse at or within seven inches of the source of power, it may be placed 
within 40 inches of the source of power for each circuit or conductor, 
measured along the conductor, if the conductor is contained throughout 
its entire distance between the source of power and the required circuit 
breaker or fuse in a sheath or enclosure such as a junction box, control 
box, or enclosed panel.
    (c) The current rating of each circuit breaker or fuse must not 
exceed:
    (1) For circuits of less than 50 volts, 150% of the value of the 
amperage in Table 5 for the conductor size it is protecting; and
    (2) For circuits of 50 volts or more, the value of the amperage in 
Table 5 for the conductor size it is protecting. If this value does not 
correspond to a standard size or rated circuit breaker or fuse the next 
larger size or rated circuit breaker or fuse may be used if it does not 
exceed 150% of the allowed current capacity of the conductor.
    (d) The voltage rating of each circuit breaker or fuse must not be 
less than the nominal circuit voltage of the circuit it is protecting.
    (e) This section does not apply to resistance conductors that 
control circuit amperage; conductors in secondary circuits of ignition 
systems; pigtails of less than seven inches of exposed length; and power 
supply conductors in cranking motor circuits.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 78-090, 44 FR 
68466, Nov. 29, 1979]



Sec. 183.460  Overcurrent protection: Special applications.

    (a) Each ungrounded output conductor from a storage battery must 
have a manually reset, trip-free circuit breaker or fuse, unless the 
output conductor is in the main power feed circuit from the battery to 
an engine cranking motor. The circuit breaker or fuse must be within 72 
inches of the battery measured along the conductor, unless, for boats 
built prior to August 1, 1985, the circuit has a switch that disconnects 
the battery.
    (b) Each ungrounded output conductor from an alternator or 
generator, except for self-limiting alternators or generators, must have 
a circuit breaker or fuse that has a current rating that does not exceed 
120 percent of the maximum rated current of the alternator or generator 
at 60 [deg]C.

[CGD 73-217, 42 FR 5944, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55736, Dec. 15, 1983]



                         Subpart J_Fuel Systems

    Source: CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, unless otherwise 
noted.

                                 General



Sec. 183.501  Applicability.

    (a) This subpart applies to all boats that have gasoline engines, 
except outboard engines, for electrical generation, mechanical power, or 
propulsion.
    (b) [Reserved]

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55736, Dec. 15, 1983; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.505  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart:
    Flame arrestor means a device or assembly that prevents passage of 
flame through a fuel vent.
    Fuel system means the entire assembly of the fuel fill, vent, tank, 
and distribution components, including pumps, valves, strainers, 
carburetors, and filters.
    Static floating position means the attitude in which a boat floats 
in calm water, with each fuel tank filled to its rated capacity, but 
with no person or item of portable equipment on board.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 85-098, 52 FR 
19728, May 27, 1987]

[[Page 887]]



Sec. 183.507  General.

    Each fuel system component on a boat to which this subpart applies 
must meet the requirements of this subpart unless the component is part 
of an outboard engine or is part of portable equipment.

                           Equipment Standards



Sec. 183.510  Fuel tanks.

    (a) Each fuel tank in a boat must have been tested by its 
manufacturer under Sec. 183.580 and not leak when subjected to the 
pressure marked on the tank label under Sec. 183.514(b)(5).
    (b) Each fuel tank must not leak if subjected to the fire test under 
Sec. 183.590. Leakage is determined by the static pressure test under 
Sec. 183.580, except that the test pressure must be at least one-fourth 
PSIG.
    (c) Each fuel tank of less than 25 gallons capacity must not leak if 
tested under Sec. 183.584.
    (d) Each fuel tank with a capacity of 25 to 199 gallons must not 
leak if tested under Sec. 183.586.
    (e) Each fuel tank of 200 gallons capacity or more must not leak if 
tested under Sec. Sec. 183.586 and 183.588.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55736, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.512  Fuel tanks: Prohibited materials.

    (a) A fuel tank must not be constructed from terneplate.
    (b) Unless it has an inorganic sacrificial galvanic coating on the 
inside and outside of the tank, a fuel tank must not be constructed from 
black iron or carbon steel.
    (c) A fuel tank encased in cellular plastic or in fiber reinforced 
plastic must not be constructed from a ferrous alloy.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977; 42 FR 24739, May 16, 1977]



Sec. 183.514  Fuel tanks: Labels.

    (a) Each fuel tank must have a label that meets the requirements of 
paragraphs (b) through (d) of this section.
    (b) Each label required by paragraph (a) of this section must 
contain the following information:
    (1) Fuel tank manufacturer's name (or logo) and address.
    (2) Month (or lot number) and year of manufacture.
    (3) Capacity in U.S. gallons.
    (4) Material of construction.
    (5) The pressure the tank is designed to withstand without leaking.
    (6) Model number, if applicable.
    (7) The statement, ``This tank has been tested under 33 CFR 
183.510(a).''
    (8) If the tank is tested under Sec. 183.584 at less than 25g 
vertical accelerations the statement, ``Must be installed aft of the 
boat's half length.''
    (c) Each letter and each number on a label must:
    (1) Be at least \1/16\ inch high and
    (2) Contrast with the basic color of the label or be embossed on the 
label.
    (d) Each label must:
    (1) Withstand the combined effects of exposure to water, oil, salt 
spray, direct sunlight, heat, cold, and wear expected in normal 
operation of the boat, without loss of legibility; and
    (2) Resist efforts to remove or alter the information on the label 
without leaving some obvious sign of such efforts.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55737, Dec. 15, 1983; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.516  Cellular plastic used to encase fuel tanks.

    (a) Cellular plastic used to encase metallic fuel tanks must:
    (1) Not change volume by more than five percent or dissolve after 
being immersed in any of the following liquids for 24 hours at 29 
[deg]C:
    (i) Reference fuel B ASTM D 471 (incorporated by reference, see 
Sec. 183.5).
    (ii) No. 2 reference oil of ASTM D 471 (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec. 183.5).
    (iii) Five percent solution of trisodium phosphate in water; and
    (2) Not absorb more than 0.12 pound of water per square foot of cut 
surface, measure under Military Specification MIL P-21929B.
    (b) Non-polyurethane cellular plastic used to encase metallic fuel 
tanks must have a compressive strength of at least 60 pounds per square 
inch at ten percent deflection measured under

[[Page 888]]

ASTM D 1621 (incorporated by reference, see Sec. 183.5), ``Compressive 
Strength of Rigid Cellular Plastics''.
    (c) Polyurethane cellular plastic used to encase metallic fuel tanks 
must have a density of at least 2.0 pounds per cubic foot, measured 
under ASTM D 1622 (incorporated by reference, see Sec. 183.5), 
``Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics.''

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 77-98, 42 FR 
36253, July 14, 1977; CGD 81-092, 48 FR 55737, Dec. 15, 1983; USCG-2000-
7223, 65 FR 40059, June 29, 2000]



Sec. 183.518  Fuel tank openings.

    Each opening into the fuel tank must be at or above the topmost 
surface of the tank.



Sec. 183.520  Fuel tank vent systems.

    (a) Each fuel tank must have a vent system that prevents pressure in 
the tank from exceeding 80 percent of the pressure marked on the tank 
label under Sec. 183.514(b)(5).
    (b) Each vent must:
    (1) Have a flame arrester that can be cleaned unless the vent is 
itself a flame arrestor; and
    (2) Not allow a fuel overflow at the rate of up to two gallons per 
minute to enter the boat.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 77-98, 42 FR 
36253, July 14, 1977]



Sec. 183.524  Fuel pumps.

    (a) Each diaphragm pump must not leak fuel from the pump if the 
primary diaphragm fails.
    (b) Each electrically operated fuel pump must not operate except 
when the engine is operating or when the engine is started.
    (c) If tested under Sec. 183.590, each fuel pump, as installed in 
the boat, must not leak more than five ounces of fuel in 2\1/2\ minutes, 
inclusive of leaks from fuel line, fuel filter and strainer.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 77-98, 42 FR 
36253, July 14, 1977]



Sec. 183.526  Carburetors.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Each carburetor must not leak more than five cubic centimeters 
of fuel in 30 seconds when:
    (1) The float valve is open;
    (2) The carburetor is at half throttle; and
    (3) The engine is cranked without starting; or
    (4) The fuel pump is delivering the maximum pressure specified by 
its manufacturer.
    (c) Each updraft and horizontal draft carburetor must have a device 
that:
    (1) Collects and holds fuel that flows out of the carburetor venturi 
section toward the air intake;
    (2) Prevents collected fuel from being carried out of the carburetor 
assembly by the shock wave of a backfire or by reverse air flow; and
    (3) Returns collected fuel to the engine induction system after the 
engine starts,

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 77-98, 42 FR 
36253, July 14, 1977]



Sec. 183.528  Fuel stop valves.

    (a) Each electrically operated fuel stop valve in a fuel line 
between the fuel tank and the engine must:
    (1) Open electrically only when the ignition switch is on; and
    (2) Operate manually.
    (b) If tested in accordance with the fire test under Sec. 183.590, 
a fuel stop valve installed in a fuel line system requiring metallic 
fuel lines or ``USCG Type A1'' hose must not leak fuel.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 85-098, 52 FR 
19728, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.530  Spud, pipe, and hose fitting configuration.

    Except when used for a tank fill line, each spud, pipe, or hose 
fitting used with hose clamps must have:
    (a) A bead;
    (b) A flare; or
    (c) A series of annular grooves or serrations no less than 0.015 
inches deep, except a continuous helical thread, knurl, or groove.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 64 
FR 34716, June 29, 1999]

[[Page 889]]



Sec. 183.532  Clips, straps, and hose clamps.

    (a) Each clip, strap, and hose clamp must:
    (1) Be made from a corrosion resistant material; and
    (2) Not cut or abrade the fuel line.
    (b) If tested in accordance with the fire test under Sec. 183.590, 
a hose clamp installed on a fuel line system requiring metallic fuel 
lines or ``USCG Type A1'' hose must not separate under a one pound 
tensile force.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 85-098, 52 FR 
19728, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.534  Fuel filters and strainers.

    If tested under Sec. 183.590, each fuel filter and strainer, as 
installed in the boat, must not leak more than five ounces of fuel in 
2\1/2\ minutes inclusive of leaks from the fuel pump and fuel line.

[CGD 77-98, 42 FR 36253, July 14, 1977]



Sec. 183.536  Seals and gaskets in fuel filters and strainers.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Each gasket and each sealed joint in a fuel filter and strainer 
must not leak when subjected for 24 hours to a gasoline that has at 
least a 50 percent aromatic content at the test pressure marked on the 
fuel tank label.

[CGD 81-092, 48 FR 55737, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.538  Metallic fuel line materials.

    Each metallic fuel line connecting the fuel tank with the fuel inlet 
connection on the engine must:
    (a) Be made of seamless annealed copper, nickel copper, or copper-
nickel; and
    (b) Except for corrugated flexible fuel line, have a minimum wall 
thickness of 0.029 inches.



Sec. 183.540  Hoses: Standards and markings.

    (a) ``USCG Type A1'' hose means hose that meets the performance 
requirements of:
    (1) SAE Standard J1527DEC85, Class 1 and the fire test in Sec. 
183.590; or
    (2) Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL) Standard 1114.
    (b) ``USCG Type A2'' hose means hose that meets the performance 
requirements of SAE Standard J1527DEC85, Class 2 and the fire test in 
Sec. 183.590;
    (c) ``USCG Type B1'' hose means hose that meets the performance 
requirements of SAE Standard J1527DEC85, Class 1.
    (d) ``USCG Type B2'' hose means hose that meets the performance 
requirements of SAE Standard J1527DEC85, Class 2.

    Note: SAE Class 1 hose has a permeation rating of 100 grams or less 
fuel loss per square meter of interior surface in 24 hours.
    SAE Class 2 hose has a permeation rating of 300 grams or less fuel 
loss per square meter of interior surface in 24 hours.

    (e) Each ``USCG Type A1,'' ``USCG Type A2,'' ``USCG Type B1,'' and 
``USCG Type B2'' hose must be identified by the manufacturer by a 
marking on the hose.
    (f) Each marking must contain the following information in English:
    (1) The statement ``USCG TYPE (insert A1 or A2 or B1 or B2).''
    (2) The year in which the hose was manufactured.
    (3) The manufacturer's name or registered trademark.
    (g) Each character must be block capital letters and numerals that 
are at least one eighth-inch high.
    (h) Each marking must be permanent, legible, and on the outside of 
the hose at intervals of 12 inches or less.

[CGD 85-098, 52 FR 19728, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.542  Fuel systems.

    (a) Each fuel system in a boat must have been tested by the boat 
manufacturer and not leak when subjected to the greater of the following 
pressures:
    (1) Three pounds per square inch; or
    (2) One and one-half times the pressure created in the lowest part 
of the fuel system when it is filled to the level of overflow with fuel.
    (b) The test pressure shall be obtained with air or inert gas.

[CGD 81-092, 48 FR 55737, Dec. 15, 1983]

[[Page 890]]

                        Manufacturer Requirements



Sec. 183.550  Fuel tanks: Installation.

    (a) Each fuel tank must not be integral with any boat structure or 
mounted on an engine.
    (b) Each fuel tank must not move at the mounting surface more than 
onefourth inch in any direction.
    (c) Each fuel tank must not support a deck, bulkhead, or other 
structural component.
    (d) Water must drain from the top surface of each metallic fuel tank 
when the boat is in its static floating position.
    (e) Each fuel tank support, chock, or strap that is not integral 
with a metallic fuel tank must be insulated from the tank surface by a 
nonmoisture absorbing material.
    (f) Cellular plastic must not be the sole support for a metallic 
fuel tank.
    (g) If cellular plastic is the sole support of a non-metallic fuel 
tank, the cellular plastic must meet the requirements of Sec. 183.516 
(b) or (c).
    (h) Each fuel tank labeled under Sec. 183.514(b)(8) for 
installation aft of the boat's half length must be installed with its 
center of gravity aft of the boat's half length.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55737, Dec. 15, 1983; USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.552  Plastic encased fuel tanks: Installation.

    (a) Each fuel tank encased in cellular plastic foam or in fiber 
reinforced plastic must have the connections, fittings, and labels 
accessible for inspection and maintenance.
    (b) If a metallic fuel tank is encased in cellular plastic or in 
fiber reinforced plastic, water must not collect between the plastic and 
the surface of the tank or be held against the tank by capillary action.
    (c) If the plastic is bonded to the surface of a metallic fuel tank, 
the adhesive strength of the metal to the plastic bond must exceed the 
cohesive strength of the plastic.



Sec. 183.554  Fittings, joints, and connections.

    Each fuel system fitting, joint, and connection must be arranged so 
that it can be reached for inspection, removal, or maintenance without 
removal of permanent boat structure.



Sec. 183.556  Plugs and fittings.

    (a) A fuel system must not have a fitting for draining fuel.
    (b) A plug used to service the fuel filter or strainer must have a 
tapered pipethread or be a screw type fitted with a locking device other 
than a split lock washer.



Sec. 183.558  Hoses and connections.

    (a) Each hose used between the fuel pump and the carburetor must be 
``USCG Type A1'' hose.
    (b) Each hose used--
    (1) For a vent line or fill line must be:
    (i) ``USCG Type A1'' or ``USCG Type A2''; or
    (ii) ``USCG Type B1'' or ``USCG Type B2'' if no more than five 
ounces of fuel is discharged in 2\1/2\ minutes when:
    (A) The hose is severed at the point where maximum drainage of fuel 
would occur,
    (B) The boat is in its static floating position, and
    (C) The fuel system is filled to the capacity market on the tank 
label under Sec. 183.514(b)(3).
    (2) From the fuel tank to the fuel inlet connection on the engine 
must be:
    (i) ``USCG Type A1''; or
    (ii) ``USCG Type B1'' if no more than five ounces of fuel is 
discharged in 2\1/2\ minutes when:
    (A) The hose is severed at the point where maximum drainage of fuel 
would occur,
    (B) The boat is in its static floating position, and
    (C) The fuel system is filled to the capacity marked on the tank 
label under Sec. 183.514(b)(3).
    (c) Each hose must be secured by:
    (1) A swaged sleeve;
    (2) A sleeve and threaded insert; or
    (3) A hose clamp.
    (d) The inside diameter of a hose must not exceed the actual minor 
outside diameter of the connecting spud,

[[Page 891]]

pipe, or fitting by more than the distance shown in Table 8.

                                 Table 8
If minor outside diameter of the            The inside diameter of the
 connecting spud, pipe, or fitting is--      hose must not exceed the
                                             minor outside diameter of
                                             the connecting spud, pipe,
                                             or hose fitting by more
                                             than the following
                                             distance:
Less than \3/8\ in........................  0.020 in.
\3/8\ in. to 1 in.........................  0.035 in.
Greater than 1 in.........................  0.065 in.
 


[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 85-098, 52 FR 
19728, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.560  Hose clamps: Installation.

    Each hose clamp on a hose from the fuel tank to the fuel inlet 
connection on the engine, a hose between the fuel pump and the 
carburetor, or a vent line must:
    (a) Be used with hose designed for clamps;
    (b) [Reserved]
    (c) Be beyond the bead, flare, or over the serrations of the mating 
spud, pipe, or hose fitting; and
    (d) Not depend solely on the spring tension of the clamp for 
compressive force.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55737, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.562  Metallic fuel lines.

    (a) Each metallic fuel line that is mounted to the boat structure 
must be connected to the engine by a flexible fuel line.
    (b) Each metallic fuel line must be attached to the boat's structure 
within four inches of its connection to a flexible fuel line.



Sec. 183.564  Fuel tank fill system.

    (a) Each fuel fill opening must be located so that a gasoline 
overflow of up to five gallons per minute for at least five seconds will 
not enter the boat when the boat is in its static floating position.
    (b) Each hose in the tank fill system must be secured to a pipe, 
spud, or hose fitting by:
    (1) A swaged sleeve;
    (2) A sleeve and threaded insert; or
    (3) Two adjacent metallic hose clamps that do not depend solely on 
the spring tension of the clamps for compressive force.
    (c) Each hose clamp in the tank fill system must be used with a hose 
designed for clamps.
    (d) Hose clamps used in the tank fill system must:
    (1) Have a minimum nominal band width of at least one-half inch; and
    (2) Be over the hose and the spud, pipe, or hose fitting.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55737, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.566  Fuel pumps: Placement.

    Each fuel pump must be on the engine it serves or within 12 inches 
of the engine, unless it is a fuel pump used to transfer fuel between 
tanks.



Sec. 183.568  Anti-siphon protection.

    Each fuel line from the fuel tank to the fuel inlet connection on 
the carburetor must:
    (a) Be above the level of the tank top; or
    (b) Have an anti-siphon device or an electrically operated fuel stop 
valve:
    (1) At the tank withdrawal fitting; or
    (2) Installed so the line from the fuel tank is above the top of the 
tank; or
    (c) Provided that the fuel tank top is below the level of the 
carburetor inlet, be metallic fuel lines meeting the construction 
requirements of Sec. 183.538 or ``USCG Type A1'' hose, with one or two 
manual shutoff valves installed as follows:
    (1) Directly at the fuel tank connection arranged to be readily 
accessible for operation from outside of the compartment, and
    (2) If the length of fuel line from the tank outlet to the engine 
inlet is greater than 12 feet, a manual shutoff valve shall be installed 
at the fuel inlet connection to the engine.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55737, Dec. 15, 1983; CGD 85-098, 52 FR 19729, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.570  Fuel filters and strainers: Installation.

    Each fuel filter and strainer must be supported on the engine or 
boat structure independent from its fuel line connections, unless the 
fuel filter or strainer is inside a fuel tank.

[[Page 892]]



Sec. 183.572  Grounding.

    Each metallic component of the fuel fill system and fuel tank which 
is in contact with fuel must be statically grounded so that the 
resistance between the ground and each metallic component of the fuel 
fill system and fuel tank is less than 100 ohms.

                                  Tests



Sec. 183.580  Static pressure test for fuel tanks.

    A fuel tank is tested by performing the following procedures in the 
following order:
    (a) Fill the tank with air or inert gas to the pressure marked on 
the tank label under Sec. 183.514(b)(5).
    (b) Examine each tank fitting and seam for leaks using a leak 
detection method other than the pressure drop method.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 81-092, 48 FR 
55737, Dec. 15, 1983]



Sec. 183.584  Shock test.

    A fuel tank is tested by performing the following procedures in the 
following order:
    (a) Perform the static pressure test under Sec. 183.580.
    (b) If the tank is non-metallic, fill it to capacity with a gasoline 
that has at least a 50 percent aromatic content. Keep the fuel in the 
tank at 21 [deg]C or higher for 30 days prior to testing.
    (c) Mount the tank to the platform of an impact test machine.
    (d) Fill the tank to capacity with water.
    (e) Apply one of the following accelerations within three inches of 
the center of the horizontal mounting surface of the tank. The duration 
of each vertical acceleration pulse is measured at the base of the shock 
envelope.
    (1) If the tank is not labeled under Sec. 183.514(b)(8) for 
installation aft of the half length of the boat, apply 1000 cycles of 
25g vertical accelerations at a rate of 80 cycles or less per minute. 
The duration of the acceleration pulse must be between 6 and 14 
milliseconds.
    (2) If the tank is manufactured for installation with its center of 
gravity aft of the half length of the boat, apply 1000 cycles of 15g 
vertical accelerations at a rate of 80 cycles or less per minute. The 
duration of the shock pulse must be between 6 and 14 milliseconds.
    (f) Perform the static pressure test under Sec. 183.580.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 64 
FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.586  Pressure impulse test.

    A fuel tank is tested by performing the following procedures in the 
following order:
    (a) Perform the static pressure test under Sec. 183.580.
    (b) If the tank is non-metallic, fill it to capacity with a gasoline 
that has at least a 50 percent aromatic content. Keep the fuel in the 
tank at 21 [deg]C or higher for 30 days prior to testing.
    (c) Mount the tank on a test platform.
    (d) Fill the tank to capacity with water.
    (e) Cap and seal each opening in the tank.
    (f) Apply 25,000 cycles of pressure impulse at the rate of no more 
than 15 impulses per minute varying from zero to three PSIG to zero 
inside the tank top from a regulated source of air, inert gas, or water.
    (g) Perform the static pressure test under Sec. 183.580.



Sec. 183.588  Slosh test.

    A fuel tank is tested by performing the following procedures in the 
following order:
    (a) Perform the static pressure test under Sec. 183.580.
    (b) Perform the pressure impulse test under Sec. 183.586.
    (c) Secure the tank to the platform of a tank rocker assembly.
    (d) Fill the tank to one-half capacity with water.
    (e) Cap and seal each opening in the tank.
    (f) Apply 500,000 cycles or rocking motion 15 degrees to each side 
of the tank centerline at the rate of 15 to 20 cycles a minute. The axis 
of rotation of the rocker and fuel tank must be perpendicular to the 
centerline of the tank length at a level six inches or less above or 
below the tank's bottom.

[[Page 893]]

    (g) Perform the static pressure test under Sec. 183.580.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by USCG-1999-5832, 64 
FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.590  Fire test.

    (a) A piece of equipment is tested under the following conditions 
and procedures:
    (1) Fuel stop valves, ``USCG Type A1'' or USCG Type A2'' hoses and 
hose clamps are tested in a fire chamber.
    (2) Fuel filters, strainers, and pumps are tested in a fire chamber 
or as installed on the engine in the boat.
    (3) Fuel tanks must be tested filled with fuel to one-fourth the 
capacity marked on the tank in a fire chamber or in an actual or 
simulated hull section.
    (b) Each fire test is conducted with free burning heptane and the 
component must be subjected to a flame for 2\1/2\ minutes.
    (c) If the component is tested in a fire chamber:
    (1) The temperature within one inch of the component must be at 
least 648 [deg]C sometime during the 2\1/2\ minute test;
    (2) The surface of the heptane must be 8 to 10 inches below the 
component being tested; and
    (3) The heptane must be in a container that is large enough to 
permit the perimeter of the top surface of the heptane to extend beyond 
the vertical projection of the perimeter of the component being tested.
    (d) If the component is being tested as installed on an engine, 
heptane sufficient to burn 2\1/2\ minutes must be poured over the 
component and allowed to run into a flat bottomed pan under the engine. 
The pan must be large enough to permit the perimeter of the top surface 
of the heptane to extend beyond the vertical projection of the perimeter 
of the engine.
    (e) If a fuel tank is being tested in an actual or simulated hull 
section, the actual or simulated hull section must be of sufficient size 
to contain enough heptane to burn for 2\1/2\ minutes in a place adjacent 
to the tank.

[CGD 74-209, 42 FR 5950, Jan. 31, 1977, as amended by CGD 77-98, 42 FR 
36253, July 14, 1977; CGD 85-098, 52 FR 19729, May 27, 1987]



                          Subpart K_Ventilation

    Source: CGD 76-082, 44 FR 73027, Dec. 17, 1979, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 183.601  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to all boats that have gasoline engines for 
electrical generation, mechanical power, or propulsion.

[USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.605  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart:
    ``Fuel'' means gasoline.
    ``Open to the atmosphere'' means a compartment that has at least 15 
square inches of open area directly exposed to the atmosphere for each 
cubic foot of net compartment volume.

[CGD 76-082, 44 FR 73027, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by CGD 85-098, 52 FR 
19729, May 27, 1987]



Sec. 183.607  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) The following standards are incorporated by reference. Copies 
may be obtained from the sources indicated. They are also available for 
inspection at Coast Guard Headquarters, 2100 Second Street, SW., 
Washington, DC 20593-0001 and at the National Archives and Records 
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this 
material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html.
    (1) AMCA Standard 210-74, Figure 12. Air Moving and Conditioning 
Association, 30 West University Drive, Arlington Heights, Illinois 
60004.
    (2) ASTM Standard D 471. American Society for Testing and Materials, 
100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.
    (3) UL Standard 1128, Underwriters Laboratories, Incorporated, 12 
Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3995.
    (b) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation 
by reference in paragraph (a)(2) on September 26, 1976 and the 
incorporations

[[Page 894]]

in paragraphs (a) (1) and (3) on March 24, 1978.

[CGD 76-082, 44 FR 73027, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by CGD 82-010, 48 FR 
8273, Feb. 28, 1983; USCG-2000-7223, 65 FR 40059, June 29, 2000; 69 FR 
18803, Apr. 9, 2004]



Sec. 183.610  Powered ventilation system.

    (a) Each compartment in a boat that has a permanently installed 
gasoline engine with a cranking motor must:
    (1) Be open to the atmosphere, or
    (2) Be ventilated by an exhaust blower system.
    (b) Each exhaust blower or combination of blowers must be rated at 
an air flow capacity not less than that computed by the formulas given 
in Table 183.610, Column 2. Blower rating must be determined according 
to AMCA Standard 210-74, Figure 12, or UL Standard 1128.

                              Table 183.610
------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Col. 1 \1\                 Col. 2 \2\          Col. 3 \3\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Below 34........................  Fr=50.............  Fo=20
34 to 100.......................  Fr=1.5V...........  Fo=0.6V
Over 100........................  Fr=V/2+100........  Fo=0.2V+40
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Net compartment volume of engine compartment and compartments open
  thereto (V) cubic feet.
\2\ Rated blower capacity (Fr) cubic feet per minute.
\3\ Blower system output (Fo) cubic feet per minute.

    (c) Each exhaust blower system required by paragraph (a)(2) of this 
section must exhaust air from the boat at a rate which meets the 
requirements of Table 183.610, Column 3 when the engine is not 
operating.
    (d) Each intake duct for an exhaust blower must be in the lower one-
third of the compartment and above the normal level of accumulated bilge 
water.
    (e) More than one exhaust blower may be used in combination to meet 
the requirements of this section.
    (f) Each boat that is required to have an exhaust blower must have a 
label that:
    (1) Is located as close as practicable to each ignition switch;
    (2) Is in plain view of the operator; and
    (3) Has at least the following information:

WARNING--GASOLINE VAPORS CAN EXPLODE. BEFORE STARTING ENGINE OPERATE 
BLOWER FOR 4 MINUTES AND CHECK ENGINE COMPARTMENT BILGE FOR GASOLINE 
VAPORS.



Sec. 183.620  Natural ventilation system.

    (a) Except for compartments open to the atmosphere, a natural 
ventilation system that meets the requirements of Sec. 183.630 must be 
provided for each compartment in a boat that:
    (1) Contains a permanently installed gasoline engine;
    (2) Has openings between it and a compartment that requires 
ventilation, where the aggregate area of those openings exceeds 2 
percent of the area between the compartments, except as provided in 
paragraph (c) of this section;
    (3) Contains a permanently installed fuel tank and an electrical 
component that is not ignition protected in accordance with Sec. 
183.410(a);
    (4) Contains a fuel tank that vents into that compartment; or
    (5) Contains a non-metallic fuel tank:
    (i) With an aggregate permeability rate exceeding 1.2 grams of fuel 
loss in 24 hours per cubic foot of net compartment volume, or
    (ii) If the net compartment volume is less than one cubic foot, 
having a permeability rate exceeding 1.2 grams of fuel loss in 24 hours.
    Note: Reference fuel ``C'' at 40 degrees Celsius plus or minus 2 
degrees Celsius from ASTM standard D 471 (incorporated by reference, see 
Sec. 183.5) is to be used in determining the permeability rate.
    (b) Each supply opening required in Sec. 183.630 must be located on 
the exterior surface of the boat.
    (c) An accommodation compartment above a compartment requiring 
ventilation that is separated from the compartment requiring ventilation 
by a deck or other structure is excepted from paragraph (a)(2) of this 
section.

[CGD 76-082, 44 FR 73027, Dec. 17, 1979, as amended by CGD 76-082(a), 46 
FR 27645, May 21, 1981; CGD 85-059, 51 FR 37577, Oct. 23, 1986; USCG-
1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999; USCG-1999-5151, 64 FR 67176, Dec. 
1, 1999]



Sec. 183.630  Standards for natural ventilation.

    (a) For the purpose of Sec. 183.620, ``natural ventilation'' means 
an airflow in a compartment in a boat achieved by having:

[[Page 895]]

    (1) A supply opening or duct from the atmosphere or from a 
ventilated compartment or from a compartment that is open to the 
atmosphere; and
    (2) An exhaust opening into another ventilated compartment or an 
exhaust duct to the atmosphere.
    (b) Each exhaust opening or exhaust duct must originate in the lower 
third of the compartment.
    (c) Each supply opening or supply duct and each exhaust opening or 
exhaust duct in a compartment must be above the normal accumulation of 
bilge water.
    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, supply 
openings or supply ducts and exhaust openings or exhaust ducts must each 
have a minimum aggregate internal cross-sectional area calculated as 
follows:

A=5 ln (V/5);

where:

(1) A is the minimum aggregate internal cross-sectional area of the 
openings or ducts in square inches;
(2) V is the net compartment volume in cubic feet, including the net 
volume of other compartments connected by openings that exceed 2 percent 
of the area between the compartments; and
(3) ln (V/5) is the natural logarithm of the quantity (V/5).

    (e) The minimum internal cross-sectional area of each supply opening 
or duct and exhaust opening or duct must exceed 3.0 square inches.
    (f) The minimum internal cross-sectional area of terminal fittings 
for flexible ventilation ducts installed to meet the requirements of 
paragraph (d) of this section must not be less than 80 percent of the 
required internal cross-sectional area of the flexible ventilation duct.

[CGD 76-082, 44 FR 73027, Dec. 17, 1979; 45 FR 7544, Feb. 4, 1980]



                   Subpart L_Start-in-Gear Protection

    Source: CGD 79-137, 46 FR 3515, Jan. 15, 1981, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 183.701  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to outboard motors and starting controls, and 
to manufacturers, distributors or dealers installing such equipment.

[USCG-1999-5832, 64 FR 34716, June 29, 1999]



Sec. 183.705  Definitions.

    For the purposes of this subpart:
    (a) Outboard motor means a self-contained propulsion system of any 
horsepower rating designed to be installed on, and removable from the 
transom of a boat.
    (b) Static thrust means the forward or backward thrust developed by 
an outboard motor and associated propulsion unit while stationary.
    (c) Starting control means the motor throttle, shift and starting 
control mechanisms located at a position remote from the outboard motor.
    (d) Local starting means operating a mechanical or electrical 
starting device built into the outboard motor.
    (e) Distributor means any person engaged in the sale and 
distribution of boats or associated equipment for the purpose of resale.
    (f) Dealer means any person who is engaged in the sale and 
distribution of boats or associated equipment to purchasers who the 
seller in good faith believes to be purchasing any such boat or 
associated equipment for purposes other than resale.



Sec. 183.710  Start-in-gear protection required.

    (a) Any outboard motor which is capable of developing a static 
thrust of 115 pounds or more at any motor operating speed with any 
propeller or jet attachment recommended for or shipped with the motor by 
the manufacturer, must be equipped with a device to prevent the motor 
being started when controls are set so as to attain that thrust level, 
as follows:
    (1) Outboard motors designed for local starting must have a built-in 
start-in-gear protection device.
    (2) Outboard motors designed for remote starting must have either a 
built-in start-in-gear protection device or be installed with remote 
starting controls containing this device. An outboard motor designed for 
remote starting that does not have a built-in start-in-gear protection 
device must, at the time of sale, have a tag or label attached at the 
location of the control

[[Page 896]]

connection, containing the following information: ``Starting controls 
installed with this motor must comply with USCG requirements for start-
in-gear protection in 33 CFR Part 183, Subpart L.'' The letters and 
numbers on the tag or label must be at least \1/8\ inch high.
    (b) Starting controls must have a tag or label with the following 
information to indicate whether or not they have been equipped with a 
start-in-gear protection device: ``This control will (or will not) 
provide start-in-gear protection meeting USCG requirements of 33 CFR 
Part 183, Subpart L.'' The letters and numbers on the tag or label must 
be at least \1/8\ inch high.
    (c) Any manufacturer, distributor or dealer installing an outboard 
motor displaying the label described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section 
must properly match it with a compatible starting control that contains 
a start-in-gear protection device.



Sec. 183.715  Exception.

    Outboard motors designed to be equipped for remote starting, but 
which also have a provision for local starting in emergencies, need not 
comply with Sec. 183.710 for their local starting system. However, the 
following information must be displayed on the motor: ``Warning--Ensure 
shift control is in neutral before starting motor''. This information 
must be clearly visible to a person using the emergency starting device.



                       Subpart M_Navigation Lights

    Source: USCG-1999-6580, 66 FR 55091, Nov. 1, 2001, unless otherwise 
noted.



Sec. 183.801  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to recreational vessel manufacturers, 
distributors, and dealers installing such equipment in new recreational 
vessels constructed after November 1, 2002.



Sec. 183.803  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart:
    Dealer means any person who is engaged in the sale and distribution 
of recreational vessels to purchasers who the seller in good faith 
believes to be purchasing any such recreational vessel for purposes 
other than resale.
    Distributor means any person engaged in the sale and distribution of 
recreational vessels for the purpose of resale.
    Manufacturer means any person engaged in:
    (1) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of recreational 
vessels, or
    (2) The importation of recreational vessels into the United States 
for subsequent sale.
    Navigation lights are those lights prescribed by the Navigation 
Rules (Commandant Instruction 16672.2 series) to indicate a vessel's 
presence, type, operation, and relative heading.



Sec. 183.810  Navigation light certification requirements.

    (a) Except as provided by paragraph (b) of this section, each 
navigation light must--
    (1) Meet the technical standards of the applicable Navigation Rules;
    (2) Be certified by a laboratory listed by the Coast Guard to the 
standards of ABYC A-16 (incorporated by reference, see Sec. 183.5) or 
equivalent, although portable battery-powered lights need only meet the 
requirements of the standard applicable to them; and
    (3) Bear a permanent and indelible label that is visible without 
removing or disassembling the light and that states the following:
    (i) ``USCG Approval 33 CFR 183.810.''
    (ii) ``MEETS------.'' (Insert the identification name or number of 
the standard under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, to which the 
laboratory type-tested.)
    (iii) ``TESTED BY------.'' (Insert the name or registered 
certification-mark of the laboratory listed by the Coast Guard that 
tested the fixture to the standard under paragraph (a)(2) of this 
section.)
    (iv) Name of manufacturer.
    (v) Number of model.
    (vi) Visibility of the light in nautical miles.
    (vii) Date on which the light was type-tested.
    (viii) Identification and specifications of the bulb used in the 
compliance test.

[[Page 897]]

    (b) If a light is too small to attach the required label--
    (1) Place the information from the label in or on the package that 
contains the light; and
    (2) Mark each light ``USCG'' followed by the certified range of 
visibility in nautical miles (nm), for example, ``USCG 2nm''. Once 
installed, this mark must be visible without removing the light.

Subpart N [Reserved]

                        PARTS 184-186 [RESERVED]



PART 187_VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM--Table of Contents




                            Subpart A_General

Sec.
187.1 Which States are affected by this part?
187.3 What vessels are affected by this part?
187.5 What are the purposes of this part?
187.7 What are the definitions of terms used in this part?
187.9 What is a vessel identifier and how is one assigned?
187.11 What are the procedures to participate in VIS?
187.13 What are the procedures for obtaining certification of compliance 
          with guidelines for State vessel titling systems?
187.15 When is a mortgage a preferred mortgage?

      Subpart B_Information To Be Collected by Participating States

187.101 What information must be collected to identify a vessel owner?
187.103 What information must be collected to identify a vessel?
187.105 What information on titled vessels must be collected and what 
          may be collected?
187.107 What information must be made available to assist law 
          enforcement officials and what information may be made 
          available?

             Subpart C_Requirements for Participating in VIS

187.201 What are the compliance requirements for a participating State?
187.203 What are the voluntary provisions for a participating State?

          Subpart D_Guidelines for State Vessel Titling Systems

187.301 What are the eligibility requirements for certification of a 
          State titling system to confer preferred mortgage status?
187.303 What terms must a State define?
187.304 What vessels must be titled?
187.305 What are the requirements for applying for a title?
187.307 What are dealer and manufacturer provisions?
187.309 What are the requirements for transfer of title?
187.311 What are the application requirements for a certificate of title 
          because of a transfer by operation of law or order of court?
187.313 Must a State honor a prior State title, Coast Guard 
          documentation, and foreign registry?
187.315 What happens when a title is surrendered for the purposes of 
          documentation?
187.317 What information must be on a certificate of title?
187.319 What are the requirements for applying for a redundant title?
187.321 What are the hull identification number (HIN) provisions?
187.323 What are the procedures for perfection of security interests?
187.325 Is a State required to specify procedures for the assignment of 
          a security interest?
187.327 What are a State's responsibilities concerning a discharge of 
          security interests?
187.329 Who prescribes and provides the forms to be used?
187.331 What information is to be retained by a State?

Appendix A to Part 187--Participating Authorities
Appendix B to Part 187--Participating and Certified Vessel Titling 
          Authorities

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 2103; 49 CFR 1.46.

    Source: 66 FR 15630, Mar. 20, 2001, unless otherwise noted.



                            Subpart A_General



Sec. 187.1  Which States are affected by this part?

    States electing to participate in the Vessel Identification System 
(VIS) are affected by this part.



Sec. 187.3  What vessels are affected by this part?

    Only vessels numbered or titled by a participating State are 
affected by this part. Vessels documented under 46

[[Page 898]]

U.S.C. chapter 121 and 46 CFR parts 67 and 68 are not affected.



Sec. 187.5  What are the purposes of this part?

    The purposes of this part are to--
    (a) Establish minimum requirements for States electing to 
participate in VIS;
    (b) Prescribe guidelines for State vessel titling systems; and
    (c) Explain how to obtain certification of compliance with State 
guidelines for vessel titling systems for the purpose of conferring 
preferred status on mortgages, instruments, or agreements under 46 
U.S.C. 31322(d).



Sec. 187.7  What are the definitions of terms used in this part?

    As used in this part--
    Approved Numbering System means a numbering system approved by the 
Secretary of Transportation under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 123.
    Certificate of Documentation means the certificate issued by the 
Coast Guard for a documented vessel under 46 U.S.C. 12103 (Form CG-
1270).
    Certificate of Origin or COO means a document establishing the 
initial chain of ownership, such as a manufacturer's certificate of 
origin (MCO) or statement of origin (MSO), an importer's certificate of 
origin (ICO) or statement of origin (ISO), or a builder's certification 
(Form CG-1261; see 46 CFR part 67).
    Certificate of Ownership means the Certificate of Ownership issued 
by the Coast Guard under 46 CFR part 67 (Form CG-1330).
    Commandant means the Commandant of the United States Coast Guard.
    Dealer means any person who engages wholly or in part in the 
business of buying, selling, or exchanging new or used vessels, or both, 
either outright or on conditional sale, bailment, lease, chattel 
mortgage or otherwise. A dealer must have an established place of 
business for the sale, trade, and display of such vessels.
    Documented vessel means a vessel documented under 46 U.S.C. chapter 
121.
    Hull Identification Number or HIN means the number assigned to a 
vessel under subpart C of 33 CFR part 181.
    Issuing authority means either a State that has an approved 
numbering system or the Coast Guard in a State that does not have an 
approved numbering system.
    Manufacturer means any person engaged in the business of 
manufacturing or importing new vessels for the purpose of sale or trade.
    Owner means a person, other than a secured party, having property 
rights in, or title to, a vessel. ``Owner'' includes a person entitled 
to use or possess a vessel subject to a security interest in another 
person, but does not include a lessee under a lease not intended as 
security.
    Participating State means a State certified by the Commandant as 
meeting the requirements of subpart C of this part. States meeting this 
definition will be listed in Appendix A to this part.
    Person means an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, 
association, joint-stock association, or governmental entity and 
includes a trustee, receiver, assignee, or similar representative of any 
of them.
    Secured party means a lender, seller, or other person in whose favor 
there is a security interest under applicable law.
    Security interest means an interest that is reserved or created by 
an agreement under applicable law and that secures payment or 
performance of an obligation.
    State means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, 
American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin 
Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
    Titled vessel means a vessel titled by a State.
    Titling authority means a State whose vessel titling system has been 
certified by the Commandant under subpart D of this part. Titling 
authorities participating in VIS will be listed in Appendix B to this 
part.
    Vessel includes every description of watercraft, other than a 
seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of 
transportation on water.

[[Page 899]]

    Vessel Identification System or VIS means a system for collecting 
information on vessels and vessel ownership as required by 46 U.S.C. 
12501.



Sec. 187.9  What is a vessel identifier and how is one assigned?

    (a) The vessel identifier for a vessel having a valid HIN is the 
HIN.
    (b) If a vessel does not have a valid HIN, a vessel identifier is 
assigned under the following table:

              Table 187.9(b)--Vessel Identifier Assignments
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               And does not have a     Then the vessel
      If the vessel is:            valid HIN:          identifier is:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Documented..............  ....................  The official number
                                                     assigned by the
                                                     Coast Guard under
                                                     46 CFR part 67.
(2) Documented..............  And is transferred    The HIN assigned by
                               to a new owner.       the Coast Guard.
(3) Undocumented............  And must be numbered  The number issued on
                               under 33 CFR parts    a certificate of
                               173 and 174.          number by the
                                                     issuing authority
                                                     of the State of
                                                     principal
                                                     operation, provided
                                                     the number will not
                                                     be used in the
                                                     future to identify
                                                     a different vessel.
(4) Undocumented............  And is transferred    The HIN assigned by
                               to a new owner.       the issuing
                                                     authority of the
                                                     State of principal
                                                     operation.
(5) Undocumented............  And the vessel is     The HIN assigned by
                               required to be        the issuing
                               numbered or titled    authority of the
                               in a new State of     State of principal
                               principal operation.  operation.
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 187.11  What are the procedures to participate in VIS?

    (a) A State must submit a written request to the Commandant (G-OPB) 
certifying that it will comply with the VIS participation requirements 
in subpart C of this part.
    (b) The Commandant will review the request and determine if the 
State is complying with the VIS participation requirements. If so, the 
Commandant will certify compliance by listing the State in Appendix A to 
this part.
    (c) Appendix A to this part will list those States certified by the 
Commandant to participate in VIS. When the Commandant determines that a 
State is not complying with the participation requirements, it will lose 
its certification and will be deleted from Appendix A to this part.



Sec. 187.13  What are the procedures for obtaining certification of 
compliance with guidelines for State vessel titling systems?

    (a) A State must submit a written request to the Commandant (G-OPB). 
The request must include a copy of the State's titling laws, regulations 
and administrative procedures, and certify that the State will comply 
with the VIS participation requirements in subpart C of this part.
    (b) The Commandant will review the request and determine if the 
State is complying with the Guidelines for State Vessel Titling Systems 
in subpart D of this part. If the State is complying with the 
guidelines, the Commandant will certify compliance and list the State in 
Appendix B to this part.
    (c) Appendix B to this part will list States certified by the 
Commandant. When the Commandant determines that a State is not complying 
with the vessel titling guidelines, it will lose its certification and 
be deleted from Appendix B to this part.



Sec. 187.15  When is a mortgage a preferred mortgage?

    A mortgage, instrument, or agreement granting a security interest 
perfected under State law covering the whole of a vessel titled under 
the law of a participating State is a preferred mortgage if the State is 
certified under Sec. 187.13.



      Subpart B_Information to be Collected by Participating States



Sec. 187.101  What information must be collected to identify a vessel 
owner?

    (a) A participating State must collect the following information for 
a vessel it has numbered or titled when

[[Page 900]]

an individual owns the vessel and make it available to VIS:
    (1) Names of all owners.
    (2) Principal residence of one owner.
    (3) Mailing Address, if different from the address in paragraph 
(a)(2) of this section.
    (4) One of the following unique identifiers for each owner:
    (i) Social Security Number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer 
Identification Number (ITIN).
    (ii) If the SSN or ITIN is not available, birth date and driver's 
license number.
    (iii) If the SSN, ITIN, and driver's license number are not 
available, birth date and other unique identifier prescribed by the 
State.
    (b) A participating State must collect the following information for 
a vessel that it has numbered or titled when the vessel's owner is not 
an individual, but a business or other type of organization:
    (1) Names of all businesses or organizations that own the vessel.
    (2) Principal address of one business or organization.
    (3) Mailing address, if different from the address in paragraph 
(b)(2) of this section.
    (4) Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) for the principal business 
or organization.
    (5) If the TIN for the principal business or organization is not 
available, one of the following unique identifiers for a corporate 
officer, a partner, or the individual who signed the application for 
numbering:
    (i) Social Security Number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer 
Identification Number (ITIN).
    (ii) If the SSN or ITIN is not available, birth date and driver's 
license number.
    (iii) If the SSN, ITIN, and driver's license number are not 
available, birth date and other unique identifier prescribed by the 
State.



Sec. 187.103  What information must be collected to identify a vessel?

    A participating State must collect the following information on a 
vessel it has numbered or titled and make it available to VIS:
    (a) Manufacturer's hull identification number (HIN), if any.
    (b) Official number, if any, assigned by the Coast Guard or its 
predecessor.
    (c) Number on certificate number assigned by the issuing authority 
of the State.
    (d) Expiration date of certificate of number.
    (e) Number previously issued by an issuing authority.
    (f) Name of manufacturer, builder, or make.
    (g) Model year, manufacture year, or year built.
    (h) Overall length.
    (i) Vessel type. Authorized terms are ``open motorboat'', ``cabin 
motorboat'', ``auxiliary sail'', ``sail only'', ``personal watercraft'', 
``pontoon'', ``houseboat'', ``rowboat'', ``canoe/kayak'', or ``other''.
    (j) Hull material. Authorized terms are ``wood'', ``aluminum'', 
``steel'', ``fiberglass'', ``rigid hull inflatable'', ``rubber/vinyl/
canvas'', or ``other''.
    (k) Propulsion type. Authorized terms are ``propeller'', ``sail'', 
``water jet'', ``air thrust'', or ``manual''.
    (l) Engine drive type. Authorized terms are ``outboard'', 
``inboard'', or ``inboard/stern drive''.
    (m) Fuel. Authorized terms are ``gasoline'', ``diesel'', or 
``electric''.
    (n) Primary use. Authorized terms are ``pleasure'', ``rent or 
lease'', ``dealer or manufacturer demonstration'', ``charter fishing'', 
``commercial fishing'', ``commercial passenger carrying'', or ``other 
commercial operation''.



Sec. 187.105  What information on titled vessels must be collected and 
what may be collected?

    (a) A participating State must collect the following information on 
a vessel it has titled and make it available to VIS:
    (1) Information required under Sec. 187.103.
    (2) Title number.
    (3) Issuance date of the most recently issued title or redundant.
    (4) Where evidence may be found on the security interest or lien 
against the vessel.
    (5) Name of each secured party.
    (6) Address (city and State) of each secured party.

[[Page 901]]

    (b) A participating State may collect the following information on a 
vessel it has titled and make it available to VIS:
    (1) Information concerning the discharge of the security interest.
    (2) Information concerning the surrender of the certificate of 
title.



Sec. 187.107  What information must be made available to assist law 
enforcement officials and what information may be made available?

    (a) A participating State must make the following information 
available to VIS for use by law enforcement officials:
    (1) Vessel identifier(s), as required by Sec. 187.9.
    (2) Notice of law enforcement status. Authorized terms are ``lost'', 
``stolen'', ``destroyed'', ``abandoned'', or ``recovered''.
    (3) Date of notice of law enforcement status.
    (4) Point of contact for the agency or official reporting the 
status.
    (5) National Crime Information Center code for the reporting agency 
or official.
    (b) A participating State may make the following information 
available to law enforcement officials:
    (1) Notice that the vessel is being sought for a law enforcement 
purpose other than a purpose listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
    (2) Location of vessel when reported lost, stolen, destroyed, 
abandoned, or recovered.
    (3) Vessel insurance policy number.
    (4) Name of insurance company.
    (5) Address of insurance company.
    (6) Mailing address of insurance company, if different from the 
address in paragraph (b)(5) of this section.
    (7) Telephone number of insurance company.
    (8) Date the vessel was recovered.
    (9) Location of the vessel when recovered.
    (10) Names and telephone numbers of contacts not listed under 
paragraph (a)(4) of this section.
    (11) Request to be notified if vessel is sighted.
    (12) Purpose of sighting notification request.
    (13) Date and time vessel last sighted.
    (14) Location of vessel when last sighted.



             Subpart C_Requirements for Participating in VIS



Sec. 187.201  What are the compliance requirements for a participating 
State?

    A participating State must comply with the following requirements:
    (a) Collect the required information listed in subpart B of this 
part and provide that information to VIS under the applicable Coast 
Guard-State Memorandum of Agreement.
    (b) Obtain specific evidence of ownership, such as the COO or 
current certificate of title and/or number, to identify a vessel's 
owner.
    (c) Retain previously issued evidence of ownership, such as 
certificate of number, title, or Certificate of Documentation, and 
notify the issuing authority or the Coast Guard by mail or electronic 
message.
    (d) Retain information identifying the type of evidence used to 
establish the accuracy of the information required to be made available 
to VIS and make it available to the Commandant upon request.
    (e) Update the information required to be made available to VIS by 
providing, within 48 hours, a copy of transactions that enter, modify, 
or cancel records in the vessel files.



Sec. 187.203  What are the voluntary provisions for a participating State?

    A participating State may--
    (a) Provide VIS with the optional information listed in subpart B of 
this part;
    (b) Make available to VIS updated information provided by the vessel 
owner, government agency, or secured party about a vessel that has been 
moved to a non-participating State of principal operation; and
    (c) Interact with non-participating States to make information 
available to, or request information from, VIS concerning a vessel or 
nationwide statistics.

[[Page 902]]



          Subpart D_Guidelines for State Vessel Titling Systems



Sec. 187.301  What are the eligibility requirements for certification 
of a State titling system to confer preferred mortgage status?

    The Commandant, under 46 U.S.C. 31322(d)(1)(A) and Sec. 187.13, may 
certify a State vessel titling system that meets the requirements of 
this subpart as complying with the guidelines for vessel titling 
systems. This certification is for the purpose of conferring preferred 
mortgage status on a mortgage, instrument, or agreement granting a 
security interest perfected under State law, covering the whole of a 
vessel titled in that State. The State must also comply with the VIS 
participation requirements of Sec. 187.11 and subpart C of this part 
and make vessel information it collects available to VIS.



Sec. 187.303  What terms must a State define?

    A State must define the terms ``certificate of origin'', ``dealer'', 
``documented vessel'', ``issuing authority'', ``manufacturer'', 
``owner'', ``person'', ``secured party'', ``security interest'', 
``titling authority'', and ``vessel'' substantially as defined in Sec. 
187.7.



Sec. 187.304  What vessels must be titled?

    A State must require that all vessels required to be numbered in the 
State under 46 U.S.C. chapter 123 be titled only in that State, if that 
State issues titles to that class of vessels.



Sec. 187.305  What are the requirements for applying for a title?

    (a) A State must require application for a title within a specified 
period of time, not to exceed 60 days, after a vessel required to be 
titled is first purchased, ownership is transferred, or there is a 
change in vessel data listed on the certificate of title.
    (b) A State must require disclosure in its titling application form 
of any secured party holding an unsatisfied security interest in the 
vessel.
    (c) The application must include an entry for identification of the 
State or country in which the vessel was last numbered, titled, 
documented, or registered under the laws of a foreign country.
    (d) A State must require that a COO for a vessel be submitted 
together with the application for any new vessel not previously 
numbered, titled, documented, or registered under the laws of a foreign 
country.
    (e) A State must require that the application include a signed 
certification that the statements made are true and correct to the best 
of the applicant's knowledge, information, and belief, under penalty of 
perjury or similar penalties as prescribed by State law.



Sec. 187.307  What are dealer and manufacturer provisions?

    A State must include the following provisions applicable to any 
dealer or manufacturer building, buying, acquiring, selling, or 
transferring a vessel in that State:
    (a) Dealers or manufacturers must not be allowed to apply for a 
certificate of title for a vessel not required to be numbered. Dealers 
or manufacturers owning a new or used vessel primarily used in their 
business, held for sale or lease, and required to be numbered may be 
permitted or required to apply for a certificate of title for the 
vessel. The State may impose other reporting requirements on dealers or 
manufacturers.
    (b) Dealers or manufacturers transferring a vessel required to be 
titled in the name of the dealer or manufacturer must be required to 
assign the title to the new owner or, for a new vessel, assign a COO for 
a new vessel. Dealers or manufacturers transferring a vessel permitted 
to be titled in their name must be required to assign to the new owner 
any certificate of title which has been issued and not surrendered.
    (c) Dealers or manufacturers must not be permitted to provide a 
redundant COO if VIS contains information concerning the vessel.
    (d) Dealers or manufacturers must be permitted to provide a 
redundant COO to the vessel owner only upon receipt of information 
concerning the original certificate and the circumstances of its loss, 
theft, mutilation, or destruction and receipt of any recovered original 
COO or remains from the vessel owner. This information must be declared

[[Page 903]]

under penalty of perjury or similar penalties as prescribed by State 
law. The term ``REDUNDANT'' must be clearly and permanently marked on 
the face of a redundant COO.
    (e) Dealers or manufacturers must be required to maintain for at 
least 3 years a record of any vessel bought, sold, exchanged, or 
received for sale or exchange, and open such records for inspection by 
the State.



Sec. 187.309  What are the requirements for transfer of title?

    To complete the sale, assignment, or transfer of a titled vessel, a 
State must require that a manufacturer, dealer, or individual must 
deliver the vessel's certificate of title to the new owner or new 
owner's designee, except for transfers by operation of law or order of 
court.



Sec. 187.311  What are the application requirements for a certificate 
of title because of a transfer by operation of law or order of court?

    A State must require a new owner to apply for a certificate of title 
within a specified period of time, not to exceed 60 days, after 
ownership of a vessel is transferred by operation of law or order of 
court. This application must include an original or authenticated copy 
of the legal transfer document.



Sec. 187.313  Must a State honor a prior State title, Coast Guard 
documentation, and foreign registry?

    (a) A State must honor a title issued by another State as proof of 
ownership for transfer or sale of a vessel and for applying for a 
certificate of number or title in the new State of principal operation.
    (b) A State must honor a Coast Guard-issued Certificate of Ownership 
or a Certificate of Deletion as proof of ownership and deletion from 
documentation.
    (c) A State must honor an authenticated copy of a foreign registry, 
or evidence of deletion from the foreign registry, as proof of ownership 
and deletion from the foreign registry.



Sec. 187.315  What happens when a title is surrendered for the purposes 
of documentation?

    A State title is invalid when it is surrendered to the Coast Guard 
in exchange for a Certificate of Documentation. Upon notification from 
the Coast Guard of the surrender of a title, a State must process the 
cancellation of the title.



Sec. 187.317  What information must be on a certificate of title?

    (a) A certificate of title must contain the following information 
concerning the vessel:
    (1) Names of all owners (individuals, businesses, and 
organizations).
    (2) Address of one individual, business, or organization owning the 
vessel.
    (3) Title number.
    (4) Date of issuance of title.
    (5) Vessel identifier under Sec. 187.9.
    (6) Name of manufacturer, builder, or make.
    (7) Model year, manufacture year, or year built.
    (8) Overall length.
    (9) Vessel type. Authorized terms are ``open motorboat'', ``cabin 
motorboat'', ``auxiliary sail'', ``sail only'', ``personal watercraft'', 
``pontoon'', ``houseboat'', ``rowboat'', ``canoe/kayak'', or ``other''.
    (10) Hull material. Authorized terms are ``wood'', ``aluminum'', 
``steel'', ``fiberglass'', ``rigid hull inflatable'', ``rubber/vinyl/
canvas'', or ``other''.
    (11) Propulsion type. Authorized terms are ``propeller'', ``sail'', 
``water jet'', ``air thrust'', or ``manual''.
    (12) Engine drive type. Authorized terms are ``outboard'', 
``inboard'', or ``inboard/stern drive''.
    (13) Name of each secured party.
    (14) Address (city and State) of each secured party.
    (15) Recording or perfection date of new security interest and 
original recording or perfection date of any security interest 
outstanding.
    (b) Space must be provided on the title form for assignment of 
interests in the vessel, with a signed certification that the statements 
made are true and correct to the best of the owner's knowledge, 
information, and belief, under penalty of perjury or similar penalties 
as prescribed by State law.

[[Page 904]]



Sec. 187.319  What are the requirements for applying for a redundant 
title?

    (a) A State must require the holder (owner or secured party) of an 
original title to apply for a redundant title after the discovery of the 
loss, theft, mutilation, or destruction of the original.
    (b) The holder must provide information, declared under penalty of 
perjury or similar penalties as prescribed by State law, concerning the 
original certificate and the circumstances of its loss, theft, 
mutilation, or destruction.
    (c) The holder must surrender to the State any recovered original 
title or remains.
    (d) The State must clearly and permanently mark the face of a 
redundant certificate of title with the term ``REDUNDANT.''



Sec. 187.321  What are the hull identification number (HIN) provisions?

    A State must--
    (a) Upon proof of ownership, assign an HIN and require that it be 
affixed to a vessel that does not have an HIN at the time of application 
for certificate of number or title; and
    (b) Prohibit removal or alteration of an HIN without authorization 
from the Commandant.



Sec. 187.323  What are the procedures for perfection of security 
interests?

    (a) A State must specify, at a minimum, the following procedures for 
perfection of a security interest in a vessel titled in that State:
    (1) Submission of an application for new or amended certificate of 
title on which the secured party must be noted.
    (2) Surrender of any outstanding certificate of number and any 
outstanding title issued by another State.
    (3) Surrender of the Certificate of Documentation of any documented 
vessel that is to be numbered and titled by the State.
    (4) Submission of an authenticated copy of any foreign registry of 
the vessel and evidence of deletion from the foreign registry of the 
vessel that is to be numbered and titled by the State.
    (5) Determination of the date of perfection.
    (b) A State must recognize, under 46 U.S.C. 31322(e)(1), that, if a 
vessel is covered by a preferred mortgage when an application for a 
certificate of title is filed in that State, then the status of the 
preferred mortgage covering the vessel is determined by the law of the 
jurisdiction in which the vessel is currently titled or documented.
    (c) A State must recognize, under 46 U.S.C. 31322(d)(2), that, if a 
vessel titled in a State is covered by a preferred mortgage, that 
mortgage will continue to be a preferred mortgage even if the vessel is 
no longer titled in the State where the mortgage, instrument, or 
agreement granting a security interest perfected under State law became 
a preferred mortgage.
    (d) A State must recognize, under 46 U.S.C. 31322(d)(1), the 
preferred status of a mortgage, instrument, or agreement granting a 
security interest perfected under State law covering the whole of a 
vessel titled in a State after the Commandant has certified that State's 
titling system and the State participates in VIS with respect to the 
vessel.
    (e) The State must provide that the perfection procedures required 
to be established under this section do not apply to--
    (1) A lien given by statute or rule of law to a supplier of services 
or materials for the vessel;
    (2) A lien given by statute to the United States, a State, or a 
political subdivision thereof;
    (3) A lien arising out of an attachment of a vessel;
    (4) A security interest in a vessel created by a dealer or 
manufacturer who holds the vessel for sale, irrespective of whether the 
vessel is titled;
    (5) A security interest claimed in a vessel's proceeds, as defined 
in the Uniform Commercial Code in effect in the State, if the security 
interest in the vessel did not have to be noted on a vessel's title in 
order to be perfected; or
    (6) Any vessel for which a certificate of title is not required in 
the State.



Sec. 187.325  Is a State required to specify procedures for the 
assignment of a security interest?

    Yes, a State must specify the procedures that apply to the 
assignment of a

[[Page 905]]

security interest in a vessel titled in that State.



Sec. 187.327  What are a State's responsibilities concerning a discharge 
of security interests?

    A State must specify the evidence and information that a secured 
party is required to submit regarding discharge of a security interest 
and establish procedures for its submission.



Sec. 187.329  Who prescribes and provides the forms to be used?

    A State must prescribe and provide the forms needed to comply with 
the titling system.



Sec. 187.331  What information is to be retained by a State?

    A State must retain the evidence used to establish the accuracy of 
the information required for vessel titling purposes and make it 
available on request to the Coast Guard, participating States, and law 
enforcement authorities.

            Appendix A to Part 187--Participating Authorities

    The following States comply with the requirements for participating 
in VIS:
    [Reserved]

 Appendix B to Part 187--Participating and Certified Titling Authorities

    The following States comply with the requirements for participating 
in VIS and have a certified titling system:[Reserved]

                        PARTS 188-199 [RESERVED]

[[Page 907]]

                                  INDEX

                         SUBCHAPTER S_BOATING SAFETY

  Editorial Note: This listing is provided for informational purposes 
only. It is compiled and kept up-to-date by the Coast Guard, Department 
of Homeland Security, and is revised through July 1, 2005.

                                                                 Section

                                 A

Action to correct an especially hazardous condition...............177.05
Address of the Commandant.........................................179.19
Affixing labels....................................................181.9
Appendix A to Part 173--Issuing Authorities and Reporting 
Authorities
Appendix A to Part 187--Participating Authorities
Appendix B to Part 187--Participating and Certified Titling 
Authorities
Applicability........................................174.1, 175.1, 187.1
Applicability and purpose...........................177.01, 181.1, 183.1
Approval procedure.................................................174.7

                                 B

Boats and associated equipment..................................Part 183

                                 C

Casualty and Accident Reporting
Applicability.....................................................173.51
Immediate notification of death or disappearance..................173.53
Report of casualty or accident....................................173.55
Where to submit report............................................173.59
Casualty Reporting System Requirements
Administration...................................................174.103
Applicability of State casualty reporting system.................174.101
Contents of casualty or accident report form.....................174.107
Owner or operator casualty reporting requirements................174.105
State casualty reporting system optional sections................174.106
Contents of notification..........................................179.09
Correction of especially hazardous conditions...................Part 177

                                 D

Defect notification.............................................Part 179
Defects determined by the Commandant..............................179.11
Definitions....173.3, 174.3, 175.3, 177.03, 179.03, 181.3, 183.3, 187.3, 
                                                                   187.7
Definition of terms................................................187.7
Display of Capacity Information.......................Part 183--Subpart 
                                                                       B
Applicability.....................................................183.21
Capacity marking required.........................................183.23
Construction of markings..........................................183.27
Display of markings...............................................183.25

[[Page 908]]

                                 E

Electrical Systems....................................Part 183--Subpart 
                                                                       I
Applicability, effective dates, and purpose......................183.401
Batteries........................................................183.420
Conductors
General..........................................................183.425
In circuits of less than 50 volts................................183.430
In circuits of 50 volts or more..................................183.435
Protection.......................................................183.445
Definitions......................................................183.402
General..........................................................183.405
Grounding........................................................183.415
Ignition protection..............................................183.410
Overcurrent protection: General..................................183.455
Overcurrent protection: Special applications.....................183.460
Equipment requirements..........................................Part 175
Exemptions to labeling requirement................................181.11
Exemptions from preemption.........................................175.5

                                 F

Figures to Subpart H of Part 183.........................Follows 183.335
Flotation Requirements for Inboard Boats, Inboard/Outdrive Boats, 
and Airboats..........................................Part 183-Subpart F
Applicability....................................................183.101
Definitions......................................................183.110
Flotation material and air chambers..............................183.112
Quantity of flotation required...................................183.105
Test of flotation materials......................................183.114
Flotation Requirements for Outboard Boats Rated for Engines of 
More Than 2 Horsepower................................Part 183-Subpart G
Applicability....................................................183.201
Flotation and certification requirements.........................183.202
Flotation material and air chambers..............................183.222
Flotation test for persons capacity..............................183.225
Level flotation test without weights for persons capacity........183.235
Passenger carrying area..........................................183.205
Preconditioning for tests........................................183.220
Reference areas..................................................183.210
Reference depth..................................................183.215
Tests
Flotation test for persons capacity..............................183.225
Level Flotation test without weights for persons capacity........183.235
Stability test...................................................183.230
Flotation Requirements for Outboard Boats Rated for Engines of 2 
Horsepower or Less....................................Part 183-Subpart H
Applicability....................................................183.301
Flotation materials..............................................183.322
Flotation requirements...........................................183.302
Flotation test for persons capacity..............................183.325
Level flotation test without weights for persons capacity........183.335
Passenger carrying area..........................................183.305
Preconditioning for tests........................................183.320
Reference areas..................................................183.310
Reference depth..................................................183.315
Table 4 and Figures- Weights (Pounds) of Outboard Motor and 
Related Equipment for Various Boat Horsepower Ratings...Part 183-Subpart 
                                                                       H
Tests

[[Page 909]]

Flotation test for persons capacity..............................183.325
Level Flotation test without weights for persons capacity........183.335
Stability test...................................................183.330
Follow-up report..................................................179.15
Fuel Systems..........................................Part 183-Subpart J
Anti-siphon protection...........................................183.568
Applicability....................................................183.501
Carburetors......................................................183.526
Cellular plastic used to encase fuel tanks.......................183.516
Clips, straps, and hose clamps...................................183.532
Definitions......................................................183.505
Fire test........................................................183.590
Fittings, joints, and connections................................183.554
Fuel filters and strainers.......................................183.534
Hose clamp: Installation.........................................183.560
Fuel pumps.......................................................183.524
Fuel pumps: Placement............................................183.566
Fuel stop valves.................................................183.528
Fuel Systems.....................................................183.542
Fuel Tanks.......................................................183.510
Fill system......................................................183.564
Installation.....................................................183.550
Labels...........................................................183.514
Openings.........................................................183.518
Prohibited materials.............................................183.512
Vent systems.....................................................183.520
General..........................................................183.507
Grounding........................................................183.572
Hoses and connections............................................183.558
Hose clamps: Installation........................................183.560
Hoses: Standards and markings....................................183.540
Metallic fuel lines..............................................183.562
Metallic fuel line materials.....................................183.538
Plastic encased fuel tanks: Installation.........................183.552
Plug and fittings................................................183.556
Pressure impulse test............................................183.586
Seals and gaskets in fuel filters and strainers..................183.536
Shock test.......................................................183.584
Slosh test.......................................................183.588
Spud, pipe, and hose fitting configuration.......................183.530
Static pressure test for fuel tanks..............................183.580

                                 G

Guidelines for State Vessel Titling Systems...........Part 187-Subpart D
Application for title............................................187.305
Assignments......................................................187.325
Dealer and manufacturer provisions...............................187.307
Definitions......................................................187.303
Duplicate title..................................................187.319
Eligibility for preferred mortgage status........................187.301
Forms............................................................187.329
Hull identification number (HIN) provisions......................187.321
Information on a certificate of title............................187.317
Perfection of security interests.................................187.323
Retaining information............................................187.331
Satisfaction of a security interest..............................187.327
Surrender of title for purposes of documentation.................187.315

[[Page 910]]

Title of another State...........................................187.313
Transfer by operation of law.....................................187.311
Transfer of title................................................187.309

                                 I

Identification of Boats...............................Part 181-Subpart C
Applicability, effective date, and purpose........................181.21
Conditions for use of manufacturer identification codes...........181.33
Hull identification Number
Display...........................................................181.29
Format............................................................181.25
Information displayed near........................................181.27
Manufacturer identification code assignment.......................181.31
Removal of numbers................................................181.35
Required..........................................................181.23
Incorporation by reference..................................181.4, 183.5
Information to be Collected by Participating States...Part 187-Subpart B
Identify a vessel................................................187.103
Identify a vessel owner..........................................187.101
On titled vessels................................................187.105
To assist law enforcement officials..............................187.107
Initial report to the Commandant..................................179.13
Instruction Pamphlet for Personal Flotation Devices (PFD)...........Part 
                                                           181-Subpart G
Applicability....................................................181.701
Contents.........................................................181.703
Recreational hybrid PFD..........................................181.704
Recreational inflatable PFD......................................181.705
Issue of Certificate of Number........................Part 173-Subpart D
Application for certificate of number.............................173.71
Availability of Coast Guard forms.................................173.83
Coast Guard fees..................................................173.85
Coast Guard forms for numbering and casualty reporting............173.81
Duplicate certificate of number...................................173.73
Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number...................173.79
Temporary certificate.............................................173.75
Validity of certificate of number.................................173.77

                                 M

Manufacturer Certification of Compliance..............Part 181-Subpart B
Applicability and purpose..........................................181.5
Labels
Affixing...........................................................181.9
Compliance certification label.....................................181.7
Construction......................................................181.19
Contents..........................................................181.15
Exceptions to labeling requirement................................181.11
Numbers and letters...............................................181.17
Removal of........................................................181.13
Manufacturer discovered defects...................................179.05
Manufacturer Identification Code assignment.......................181.31
Manufacturer requirements.......................................Part 181

                                 N

Notice given by ``more expeditious means''........................179.07
Numbering
Applicability.....................................................173.11

[[Page 911]]

Certificate of number required....................................173.21
Coast Guard validation sticker....................................173.35
Exemptions........................................................173.13
Inspection of certificate.........................................173.23
Location of certificate number....................................173.25
Notification to issuing authority.................................173.29
Numbers: Display; size; color.....................................173.27
Other numbers prohibited..........................................173.19
Reciprocity.......................................................173.17
Removal of number.................................................173.33
Surrender of certificate of number................................173.31
Vessel number required............................................173.15
Numbering System Requirements
Applicability of State numbering system...........................174.11
Contents of application for certificate of number.................174.17
Contents of a certificate of number...............................174.19
Contents of a temporary certificate...............................174.21
Duration of certificate of number.................................174.27
Form of number....................................................174.23
Owner or operator requirements....................................174.13
Size of certificate of number.....................................174.25
State numbering system optional sections..........................174.14
Temporary certificate of number...................................174.29
Terms imposed by States for numbering of vessels..................174.31
Validation stickers...............................................174.15

                                 O

Order of unsafe condition.........................................177.04
Other unsafe conditions...........................................177.07

                                 P

Penalties.........................................................177.09
Penalties.........................................................179.17
Personal Flotation Devices
Applicability.....................................................175.11
Condition; size and fit; approval marking.........................175.21
Definitions.......................................................175.13
Enforcement of State requirements for children to wear personal 
flotation devices.................................................175.25
Exemptions........................................................175.17
Personal flotation devices required...............................175.15
Serviceable conditions............................................175.23
Stowage...........................................................175.19
Preferred Mortgage................................................187.15

                                 R

Regulated Boating Areas
Chetco River Bar, Oreg.........................................177.08(p)
Columbia River Bar, Wash-Oreg..................................177.08(d)
Coos Bay Bar, Oreg.............................................177.08(m)
Coquille River Bar, Oreg.......................................177.08(n)
Depoe Bay Bar, Oreg............................................177.08(i)
Grays Harbor Entrance..........................................177.08(b)
Nehalem River Bar, Oreg........................................177.08(e)
Netarts Bay Bar, Oreg..........................................177.08(g)
Quillayute River Entrance, Wash................................177.08(a)

[[Page 912]]

Roque River Bar, Oreg..........................................177.08(o)
Siletz Bay Bar, Oreg...........................................177.08(h)
Siuslaw River Bar, Oreg........................................177.08(k)
Tillamook Bay Bar, Oreg........................................177.08(f)
Umpqua River Bar, Oreg.........................................177.08(l)
Willapa Bay, Wash..............................................177.08(c)
Yaquina Bay Bar, Oreg..........................................177.08(j)
Requirements for approval..........................................174.5

                                 S

Safe Loading..........................................Part 183-Subpart C
Applicability.....................................................183.31
Maximum Weight Capacity
Boats rated for manual propulsion and boats rated for motors of 
two horsepower or less............................................183.37
Inboard and inboard-outdrive boats................................183.33
Outboard boats....................................................183.35
Persons Capacity
Boats rated for manual propulsion and boats rated for motors of 
two horsepower or less............................................183.43
Inboard and inboard-outdrive boats................................183.39
Outboard boats....................................................183.41
Safe Powering.........................................Part 183-Subpart D
Applicability.....................................................183.51
Horsepower capacity...............................................183.53
Start-in-Gear Protection..............................Part 183-Subpart L
Applicability....................................................183.701
Definitions......................................................183.705
Exception........................................................183.715
Start-in-gear protection required................................183.710
State numbering and casualty reporting systems..................Part 174
State Reports.........................................Part 174-Subpart D
Annual report of numbered vessels................................174.123
Coast Guard address (*may need to update)........................174.125
Forwarding of casualty or accident reports.......................174.121

                                 V

Ventilation......................................................175.201
Ventilation...........................................Part 183-Subpart K
Applicability....................................................183.601
Definitions......................................................183.605
Incorporation by reference.......................................183.607
Natural ventilation system.......................................183.620
Powered ventilation system.......................................183.610
Standards for natural ventilation................................183.630
Vessel identification system....................................Part 187
Vessel Identification System Participation Requirements.............Part 
                                                           187-Subpart C
Participating State requirements.................................187.201
Voluntary provisions for participating States....................187.203
Vessel identifier, assignment......................................187.9
Vessel identifier..................................................187.9
Vessel numbering and casualty and accident reporting............Part 173
Vessel Titles....................................................187.304
Visual Distress Signals
Accepted.........................................................175.130
Applicability....................................................175.101
Definitions......................................................175.105

[[Page 913]]

Exceptions.......................................................175.115
Existing equipment...............................................175.135
Launchers........................................................175.113
Marking..........................................................175.128
Prohibited use...................................................175.140
Pyrotechnic Signal Devices.................................Table 175.130
Required.........................................................175.110
Serviceability...................................................175.125
Stowage..........................................................175.120