[Title 43 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - October 1, 2007 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



[[Page i]]

          

                    43


          Part 1000 to End

          Revised as of October 1, 2007


          Public Lands: Interior
          



________________________

          Containing a codification of documents of general 
          applicability and future effect

          As of October 1, 2007
          With Ancillaries
                    Published by
                    Office of the Federal Register
                    National Archives and Records
                    Administration
                    A Special Edition of the Federal Register

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                            Table of Contents



                                                                    Page
  Explanation.................................................       v

  Title 43:
    Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Public Lands 
      (Continued)
          Chapter II--Bureau of Land Management, Department of 
          the Interior (Continued)                                   5
          Chapter III--Utah Reclamation Mitigation and 
          Conservation Commission                                  977
  Finding Aids:
      Index...................................................    1021
      Table of CFR Titles and Chapters........................    1039
      Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR......    1057
      List of CFR Sections Affected...........................    1067

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                     ----------------------------

                     Cite this Code: CFR
                     To cite the regulations in 
                       this volume use title, 
                       part and section number. 
                       Thus, 43 CFR 1601.0-1 
                       refers to title 43, part 
                       1600, section 0-1.

                     ----------------------------

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                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
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    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
revision date (in this case, October 1, 2007), consult the ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
List of Parts Affected,'' which appears in the Reader Aids section of 
the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

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inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

[[Page vi]]

Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

OBSOLETE PROVISIONS

    Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on 
the cover of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text 
of provisions in effect on a given date in the past by using the 
appropriate numerical list of sections affected. For the period before 
January 1, 2001, consult either the List of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-
1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, or 1986-2000, published in 11 separate 
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    The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumulative form. 
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the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

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[[Page vii]]

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                              Raymond A. Mosley,
                                    Director,
                          Office of the Federal Register.

October 1, 2007.

[[Page ix]]



                               THIS TITLE

    Title 43--Public Lands: Interior is composed of two volumes. Volume 
one (parts 1-999) contains all current regulations issued under subtitle 
A--Office of the Secretary of the Interior and chapter I--Bureau of 
Reclamation, Department of the Interior. Volume two (part 1000 to End) 
includes all regulations issued under chapter II--Bureau of Land 
Management, Department of the Interior, and Chapter III--Utah 
Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation Commission. The contents of 
these volumes represent all current regulations codified under this 
title of the CFR as of October 1, 2007.

    In the second volume, containing chapter II--Bureau of Land 
Management, Department of the Interior, the OMB control numbers appear 
in a ``Note'' immediately below the ``Group'' headings throughout the 
chapter, if applicable. An index to chapter II appears in the Finding 
Aids section of the second volume.

    For this volume, Elmer Barksdale was Chief Editor. The Code of 
Federal Regulations publication program is under the direction of 
Michael L. White, assisted by Ann Worley.


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                    TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS: INTERIOR




                 (This book contains parts 1000 to end)

  --------------------------------------------------------------------

      SUBTITLE B--Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued)

                                                                    Part

chapter ii--Bureau of Land Management, Department of the 
  Interior..................................................        1600

chapter iii--Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation 
  Commission................................................       10000

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      Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued)

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    CHAPTER II--BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR




  --------------------------------------------------------------------

                 SUBCHAPTER A--GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000)
Part                                                                Page
1000-1599       [Reserved]

1600            Planning, programming, budgeting............          11
                     GROUP 1700--PROGRAM MANAGEMENT
1780            Cooperative relations.......................          24
              GROUP 1800--PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES
1810            Introduction and general guidance...........          32
1820            Application procedures......................          35
1840            Appeals procedures..........................          39
1850            Hearings procedures.........................          39
1860            Conveyances, disclaimers and correction 
                    documents...............................          39
1870            Adjudication principles and procedures......          44
1880            Financial assistance, local governments.....          45
              SUBCHAPTER B--LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000)
              GROUP 2000--LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; GENERAL
2090            Special laws and rules......................          49
                        GROUP 2100--ACQUISITIONS
                          GROUP 2200--EXCHANGES
2200            Exchanges: General procedures...............          56
                         GROUP 2300--WITHDRAWALS
2300            Land withdrawals............................          72
2360            National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska........          87
2370            Restorations and revocations................          90
                     GROUP 2400--LAND CLASSIFICATION
2400            Land classification.........................          92

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2410            Criteria for all land classifications.......          95
2420            Multiple-use management classifications.....          96
2430            Disposal classifications....................          97
2440            Segregation by classification...............          99
2450            Petition-application classification system..         100
2460            Bureau initiated classification system......         102
2470            Postclassification actions..................         105
               GROUP 2500--DISPOSITION; OCCUPANCY AND USE
2520            Desert-land entries.........................         105
2530            Indian allotments...........................         122
2540            Color-of-title and omitted lands............         125
2560            Alaska occupancy and use....................         137
                     GROUP 2600--DISPOSITION; GRANTS
2610            Carey Act grants............................         159
2620            State grants................................         165
2630            Railroad grants.............................         176
2640            FAA airport grants..........................         177
2650            Alaska native selections....................         179
                     GROUP 2700--DISPOSITION; SALES
2710            Sales: Federal Land Policy and Management 
                    Act.....................................         208
2720            Conveyance of federally-owned mineral 
                    interests...............................         215
2740            Recreation and Public Purposes Act..........         220
                     GROUP 2800--USE; RIGHTS-OF-WAY
2800            Rights-of-way under the Federal Land Policy 
                    Management Act..........................         229
2810            Tramroads and logging roads.................         263
2880            Rights-of-way under the Mineral Leasing Act.         277
                   GROUP 2900--USE; LEASES AND PERMITS
2910            Leases......................................         299
2920            Leases, permits and easements...............         305
2930            Permits for recreation on public lands......         316
                SUBCHAPTER C--MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000)
3000            Minerals management: General................         325
3100            Oil and gas leasing.........................         329
3110            Noncompetitive leases.......................         374
3120            Competitive leases..........................         379
3130            Oil and gas leasing: National Petroleum 
                    Reserve, Alaska.........................         383
3140            Leasing in special tar sand areas...........         407
3150            Onshore oil and gas geophysical exploration.         420

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3160            Onshore oil and gas operations..............         424
3180            Onshore oil and gas unit agreements: 
                    Unproven areas..........................         452
3190            Delegation of authority, cooperative 
                    agreements and contracts for oil and gas 
                    inspection..............................         472
3195            Helium contracts............................         480
                GROUP 3200--GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES LEASING
3200            Geothermal resource leasing.................         484
3280            Geothermal resources unit agreements........         542
                       GROUP 3400--COAL MANAGEMENT
3400            Coal management: General....................         566
3410            Exploration licenses........................         572
3420            Competitive leasing.........................         576
3430            Noncompetitive leases.......................         594
3440            Licenses to mine............................         610
3450            Management of existing leases...............         611
3460            Environment.................................         616
3470            Coal management provisions and limitations..         625
3480            Coal exploration and mining operations rules         637
3500            Leasing of solid minerals other than coal 
                    and oil shale...........................         664
3580            Special leasing areas.......................         701
3590            Solid minerals (other than coal) exploration 
                    and mining operations...................         709
                 GROUP 3600--MINERAL MATERIALS DISPOSAL
3600            Mineral materials disposal..................         719
3620            Free use of petrified wood..................         734
                    GROUP 3700--MULTIPLE USE; MINING
3710            Public Law 167; Act of July 23, 1955........         735
3720            [Reserved]

3730            Public Law 359; mining in powersite 
                    withdrawals: General....................         751
3740            Public Law 585; multiple mineral development         755
         GROUP 3800--MINING CLAIMS UNDER THE GENERAL MINING LAWS
3800            Mining claims under the general mining laws.         762
3810            Lands and minerals subject to location......         805
3820            Areas subject to special mining laws........         811
3830            Locating, recording, and maintaining mining 
                    claims or sites; general provisions.....         815

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3831

Mineral lands available for locating mining claims or sites [Reserved]

3832            Locating mining claims or sites.............         824
3833            Recording mining claims and sites...........         829
3834            Required fees for mining claims or sites....         831
3835            Waivers from annual maintenance fees........         833
3836            Annual assessment work requirements for 
                    mining claims...........................         838
3837            Acquiring a delinquent co-claimant's 
                    interests in a mining claim or site.....         841
3838            Special procedures for locating and 
                    recording mining claims and tunnel sites 
                    on Stockraising Homestead Act (SRHA) 
                    lands...................................         843
3839

Special laws, in addition to FLPMA, that require recording or notice 
[Reserved]

3860            Mineral patent applications.................         846
3870            Adverse claims, protests and conflicts......         857
                  SUBCHAPTER D--RANGE MANAGEMENT (4000)
                   GROUP 4100--GRAZING ADMINISTRATION
4100            Grazing administration--exclusive of Alaska.         862
          GROUP 4200--GRAZING ADMINISTRATION; ALASKA; LIVESTOCK
4200            Grazing administration; Alaska; livestock...         891
      GROUP 4300--GRAZING ADMINISTRATION; ALASKA; REINDEER; GENERAL
4300            Grazing administration; Alaska; reindeer; 
                    general.................................         892
                           GROUP 4600--LEASES
4600            Leases of grazing land--Pierce Act..........         896
        GROUP 4700--WILD FREE-ROAMING HORSE AND BURRO MANAGEMENT
4700            Protection, management, and control of wild 
                    free-roaming horses and burros..........         899
                 SUBCHAPTER E--FOREST MANAGEMENT (5000)
                  GROUP 5000--FOREST MANAGEMENT GENERAL
5000            Administration of forest management 
                    decisions...............................         908
5040            Sustained-yield forest units................         909
                  GROUP 5400--SALES OF FOREST PRODUCTS
5400            Sales of forest products; general...........         910
5410            Annual timber sale plan.....................         913
5420            Preparation for sale........................         914

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5430            Advertisement...............................         915
5440            Conduct of sales............................         916
5450            Award of contract...........................         918
5460            Sales administration........................         920
5470            Contract modification--extension--assignment         924
                      GROUP 5500--NONSALE DISPOSALS
5500            Nonsale disposals; general..................         925
5510            Free use of timber..........................         926
           SUBCHAPTER F--PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION (6000)
6300            Management of designated wilderness areas...         933
                     SUBCHAPTER G (7000) [RESERVED]
                SUBCHAPTER H--RECREATION PROGRAMS (8000)
           GROUP 8100--CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT [RESERVED]
             GROUP 8200--NATURAL HISTORY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
8200            Procedures..................................         941
8340            Off-road vehicles...........................         943
8350            Management areas............................         947
8360            Visitor services............................         948
      GROUP 8600--ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND PROTECTION [RESERVED]
                 SUBCHAPTER I--TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000)
                         GROUP 9100--ENGINEERING
9180            Cadastral survey............................         954
                         GROUP 9200--PROTECTION
9210            Fire management.............................         959
9230            Trespass....................................         961
9260            Law enforcement--criminal...................         966

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                 SUBCHAPTER A_GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000)



                       PARTS 1000	1599 [RESERVED]



PART 1600_PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING--Table of Contents




                          Subpart 1601_Planning

Sec.
1601.0-1 Purpose.
1601.0-2 Objective.
1601.0-3 Authority.
1601.0-4 Responsibilities.
1601.0-5 Definitions.
1601.0-6 Environmental impact statement policy.
1601.0-7 Scope.
1601.0-8 Principles.

                Subpart 1610_Resource Management Planning

1610.01 Resource management planning guidance.
1610.2 Public participation.
1610.3 Coordination with other Federal agencies, State and local 
          governments, and Indian tribes.
1610.3-1 Coordination of planning efforts.
1610.3-2 Consistency requirements.
1610.4 Resource management planning process.
1610.4-1 Identification of issues.
1610.4-2 Development of planning criteria.
1610.4-3 Inventory data and information collection.
1610.4-4 Analysis of the management situation.
1610.4-5 Formulation of alternatives.
1610.4-6 Estimation of effects of alternatives.
1610.4-7 Selection of preferred alternatives.
1610.4-8 Selection of resource management plan.
1610.4-9 Monitoring and evaluation.
1610.5 Resource management plan approval, use and modification.
1610.5-1 Resource management plan approval and administrative review.
1610.5-2 Protest procedures.
1610.5-3 Conformity and implementation.
1610.5-4 Maintenance.
1610.5-5 Amendment.
1610.5-6 Revision.
1610.5-7 Situations where action can be taken based on another agency's 
          plan, or a land use analysis.
1610.6 Management decision review by Congress.
1610.7 Designation of areas.
1610.7-1 Designation of areas unsuitable for surface mining.
1610.7-2 Designation of areas of critical environmental concern.
1610.8 Transition period.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1711-1712.

    Source: 48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, unless otherwise noted.



                          Subpart 1601_Planning



Sec. 1601.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of this subpart is to establish in regulations a process 
for the development, approval, maintenance, amendment and revision of 
resource management plans, and the use of existing plans for public 
lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management.



Sec. 1601.0-2  Objective.

    The objective of resource management planning by the Bureau of Land 
Management is to maximize resource values for the public through a 
rational, consistently applied set of regulations and procedures which 
promote the concept of multiple use management and ensure participation 
by the public, state and local governments, Indian tribes and 
appropriate Federal agencies. Resource management plans are designed to 
guide and control future management actions and the development of 
subsequent, more detailed and limited scope plans for resources and 
uses.



Sec. 1601.0-3  Authority.

    These regulations are issued under the authority of sections 201 and 
202 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
1711-1712); the Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978 (43 U.S.C. 
1901); section 3 of the Federal Coal Leasing Amendments Act of 1976 (30 
U.S.C. 201(a)); sections 522, 601, and 714 of the Surface Mining Control 
and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq.); and the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).



Sec. 1601.0-4  Responsibilities.

    (a) National level policy and procedure guidance for planning shall 
be

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provided by the Secretary and the Director.
    (b) State Directors will provide quality control and supervisory 
review, including plan approval, for plans and related environmental 
impact statements and provide additional guidance, as necessary, for use 
by Field Managers. State Directors will file draft and final 
environmental impact statements associated with resource management 
plans and amendments.
    (c) Field Managers will prepare resource management plans, 
amendments, revisions and related environmental impact statements. State 
Directors must approve these documents.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14565, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1601.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this part, the term:
    (a) Areas of Critical Environmental Concern or ACEC means areas 
within the public lands where special management attention is required 
(when such areas are developed or used or where no development is 
required) to protect and prevent irreparable damage to important 
historic, cultural, or scenic values, fish and wildlife resources, or 
other natural systems or processes, or to protect life and safety from 
natural hazards. The identification of a potential ACEC shall not, of 
itself, change or prevent change of the management or use of public 
lands.
    (b) Conformity or conformance means that a resource management 
action shall be specifically provided for in the plan, or if not 
specifically mentioned, shall be clearly consistent with the terms, 
conditions, and decisions of the approved plan or plan amendment.
    (c) Consistent means that the Bureau of Land Management plans will 
adhere to the terms, conditions, and decisions of officially approved 
and adopted resource related plans, or in their absence, with policies 
and programs, subject to the qualifications in Sec. 1615.2 of this 
title.
    (d) Eligible cooperating agency means:
    (1) A Federal agency other than a lead agency that is qualified to 
participate in the development of environmental impact statements as 
provided in 40 CFR 1501.6 and 1508.5 or, as necessary, other 
environmental documents that BLM prepares, by virtue of its jurisdiction 
by law as defined in 40 CFR 1508.15, or special expertise as defined in 
40 CFR 1508.26; or
    (2) A federally recognized Indian tribe, a state agency, or a local 
government agency with similar qualifications.
    (e) Cooperating agency means an eligible governmental entity that 
has entered into a written agreement with the BLM establishing 
cooperating agency status in the planning and NEPA processes. BLM and 
the cooperating agency will work together under the terms of the 
agreement. Cooperating agencies will participate in the various steps of 
BLM's planning process as feasible, given the constraints of their 
resources and expertise.
    (f) Field Manager means a BLM employee with the title ``Field 
Manager'' or ``District Manager.''
    (g) Guidance means any type of written communication or instruction 
that transmits objectives, goals, constraints, or any other direction 
that helps the Field Managers and staff know how to prepare a specific 
resource management plan.
    (h) Local government means any political subdivision of the State 
and any general purpose unit of local government with resource planning, 
resource management, zoning, or land use regulation authority.
    (i) Multiple use means the management of the public lands and their 
various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination 
that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people; 
making the most judicious use of the lands for some or all of these 
resources or related services over areas large enough to provide 
sufficient latitude for periodic adjustments in use to conform to 
changing needs and conditions; the use of some lands for less than all 
of the resources; a combination of balanced and diverse resource uses 
that takes into account the long term needs of future generations for 
renewable and non-renewable resources, including, but not limited to, 
recreation, range, timber, minerals, watershed, wildlife and fish, and 
natural scenic, scientific and historical values; and harmonious and 
coordinated management of the various

[[Page 13]]

resources without permanent impairment of the productivity of the lands 
and the quality of the environment with consideration being given to the 
relative values of the resources and not necessarily to the combination 
of uses that will give the greatest economic return or the greatest unit 
output.
    (j) Officially approved and adopted resource related plans means 
plans, policies, programs and processes prepared and approved pursuant 
to and in accordance with authorization provided by Federal, State or 
local constitutions, legislation, or charters which have the force and 
effect of State law.
    (k) Public means affected or interested individuals, including 
consumer organizations, public land resource users, corporations and 
other business entities, environmental organizations and other special 
interest groups and officials of State, local, and Indian tribal 
governments.
    (l) Public lands means any lands or interest in lands owned by the 
United States and administered by the Secretary of the Interior through 
the Bureau of Land Management, except lands located on the Outer 
Continental Shelf and lands held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts and 
Eskimos.
    (m) Resource area or field office means a geographic portion of a 
Bureau of Land Management district. It is the administrative subdivision 
whose manager has primary responsibility for day-to-day resource 
management activities and resource use allocations and is, in most 
instances, the area for which resource management plans are prepared and 
maintained.
    (n) Resource management plan means a land use plan as described by 
the Federal Land Policy and Management Act. The resource management plan 
generally establishes in a written document:
    (1) Land areas for limited, restricted or exclusive use; 
designation, including ACEC designation; and transfer from Bureau of 
Land Management Administration;
    (2) Allowable resource uses (either singly or in combination) and 
related levels of production or use to be maintained;
    (3) Resource condition goals and objectives to be attained;
    (4) Program constraints and general management practices needed to 
achieve the above items;
    (5) Need for an area to be covered by more detailed and specific 
plans;
    (6) Support action, including such measures as resource protection, 
access development, realty action, cadastral survey, etc., as necessary 
to achieve the above;
    (7) General implementation sequences, where carrying out a planned 
action is dependent upon prior accomplishment of another planned action; 
and
    (8) Intervals and standards for monitoring and evaluating the plan 
to determine the effectiveness of the plan and the need for amendment or 
revision.

It is not a final implementation decision on actions which require 
further specific plans, process steps, or decisions under specific 
provisions of law and regulations.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14565, 14567, Mar. 23, 
2005]



Sec. 1601.0-6  Environmental impact statement policy.

    Approval of a resource management plan is considered a major Federal 
action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. The 
environmental analysis of alternatives and the proposed plan shall be 
accomplished as part of the resource management planning process and, 
wherever possible, the proposed plan and related environmental impact 
statement shall be published in a single document.



Sec. 1601.0-7  Scope.

    (a) These regulations apply to all public lands.
    (b) These regulations also govern the preparation of resource 
management plans when the only public land interest is the mineral 
estate.



Sec. 1601.0-8  Principles.

    The development, approval, maintenance, amendment and revision of 
resource management plans will provide for public involvement and shall 
be consistent with the principles described in section 202 of the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976. Additionally, the impact 
on local

[[Page 14]]

economies and uses of adjacent or nearby non-Federal lands and on non-
public land surface over federally-owned mineral interests shall be 
considered.



                Subpart 1610_Resource Management Planning



Sec. 1610.1  Resource management planning guidance.

    (a) Guidance for preparation and amendment of resource management 
plans may be provided by the Director and State Director, as needed, to 
help the Field Manager and staff prepare a specific plan. Such guidance 
may include the following:
    (1) National level policy which has been established through 
legislation, regulations, executive orders or other Presidential, 
Secretarial or Director approved documents. This policy may include 
appropriately developed resource management commitments, such as a 
right-of-way corridor crossing several resource or field office areas, 
which are not required to be reexamined as part of the planning process.
    (2) Analysis requirements, planning procedures and other written 
information and instructions required to be considered in the planning 
process.
    (3) Guidance developed at the State Director level, with necessary 
and appropriate governmental coordination as prescribed by Sec. 1610.3 
of this title. Such guidance shall be reconsidered by the State Director 
at any time during the planning process that the State Director level 
guidance is found, through public involvement or other means, to be 
inappropriate when applied to a specific area being planned.
    (b) A resource management plan shall be prepared and maintained on a 
resource or field office area basis, unless the State Director 
authorizes a more appropriate area.
    (c) An interdisciplinary approach shall be used in the preparation, 
amendment and revision of resource management plans as provided in 40 
CFR 1502.6. The disciplines of the preparers shall be appropriate to the 
values involved and the issues identified during the issue 
identification and environmental impact statement scoping stage of the 
planning process. The Field Manager may use any necessary combination of 
Bureau of Land Management staff, consultants, contractors, other 
governmental personnel, and advisors to achieve an interdisciplinary 
approach.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14566, 14567, Mar. 23, 
2005; 70 FR 29208, May 20, 2005]



Sec. 1610.2  Public participation.

    (a) The public shall be provided opportunities to meaningfully 
participate in and comment on the preparation of plans, amendments and 
related guidance and be given early notice of planning activities. 
Public involvement in the resource management planning process shall 
conform to the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act and 
associated implementing regulations.
    (b) The Director shall, early in each fiscal year, publish a 
planning schedule advising the public of the status of each plan in 
process of preparation or to be started during that fiscal year, the 
major action on each plan during that fiscal year and projected new 
planning starts for the 3 succeeding fiscal years. The notice shall call 
for public comments on projected new planning starts so that such 
comments can be considered in refining priorities for those years.
    (c) When BLM starts to prepare, amend, or revise resource management 
plans we will begin the process by publishing a notice in the Federal 
Register and appropriate local media, including newspapers of general 
circulation in the state and field office area. The Field Manager may 
also decide if it is appropriate to publish a notice in media in 
adjoining States. This notice may also constitute the scoping notice 
required by regulation for the National Environmental Policy Act (40 CFR 
1501.7). This notice shall include the following:
    (1) Description of the proposed planning action;
    (2) Identification of the geographic area for which the plan is to 
be prepared;
    (3) The general types of issues anticipated;
    (4) The disciplines to be represented and used to prepare the plan;

[[Page 15]]

    (5) The kind and extent of public participation opportunities to be 
provided;
    (6) The times, dates and locations scheduled or anticipated for any 
public meetings, hearings, conferences or other gatherings, as known at 
the time;
    (7) The name, title, address and telephone number of the Bureau of 
Land Management official who may be contacted for further information; 
and
    (8) The location and availability of documents relevant to the 
planning process.
    (d) A list of individuals and groups known to be interested in or 
affected by a resource management plan shall be maintained by the Field 
Manager and those on the list shall be notified of public participation 
activities. Individuals or groups may ask to be placed on this list. 
Public participation activities conducted by the Bureau of Land 
Management shall be documented by a record or summary of the principal 
issues discussed and comments made.

The documentation together with a list of attendees shall be available 
to the public and open for 30 days to any participant who wishes to 
clarify the views he/she expressed.
    (e) At least 15 days' public notice shall be given for public 
participation activities where the public is invited to attend. Any 
notice requesting written comments shall provide for at least 30 
calendar days for response. Ninety days shall be provided for review of 
the draft plan and draft environmental impact statement. The 90-day 
period shall begin when the Environmental Protection Agency publishes a 
notice of the filing of the draft environmental impact statement in the 
Federal Register.
    (f) Public notice and opportunity for participation in resource 
mangement plan preparation shall be appropriate to the areas and people 
involved and shall be provided at the following specific points in the 
planning process:
    (1) General notice at the outset of the process inviting 
participation in the identification of issues (See Sec. Sec. 1610.2(c) 
and 1610.4-1);
    (2) Review of the proposed planning criteria (See Sec. 1610.4-2);
    (3) Publication of the draft resource management plan and draft 
environmental impact statement (See Sec. 1610.4-7);
    (4) Publication of the proposed resource management plan and final 
environmental impact statement which triggers the opportunity for 
protest (See Sec. Sec. 1610.4-8 and 1610.5-1(b)); and
    (5) Public notice and comment on any significant change made to the 
plan as a result of action on a protest (See Sec. 1610.5-1(b)).
    (g) BLM will make copies of an approved resource management plan and 
amendments reasonably available for public review. Upon request, we will 
make single copies available to the public during the public 
participation process. After BLM approves a plan, amendment, or revision 
we may charge a fee for additional copies. We will also have copies 
available for public review at the:
    (1) State Office that has jurisdiction over the lands,
    (2) Field Office that prepared the plan; and
    (3) District Office, if any, having jurisdiction over the Field 
Office that prepared the plan.
    (h) Supporting documents to a resource management plan shall be 
available for public review at the office where the plan was prepared.
    (i) Fees for reproducing requested documents beyond those used as 
part of the public participation activities and other than single copies 
of the printed plan amendment or revision may be charged according to 
the Department of the Interior schedule for Freedom of Information Act 
requests in 43 CFR part 2.
    (j) When resource management plans involve areas of potential mining 
for coal by means other than underground mining, and the surface is 
privately owned, the Bureau of Land Management shall consult with all 
surface owners who meet the criteria in Sec. 3400.0-5 of this title. 
Contact shall be made in accordance with subpart 3427 of this title and 
shall provide time to fully consider surface owner views. This contact 
may be made by mail or in person by the Field Manager or his/her 
appropriate representative. A period of at least 30 days from the time 
of

[[Page 16]]

contact shall be provided for surface owners to convey their preference 
to the Field Manager.
    (k) If the plan involves potential for coal leasing, a public 
hearing shall be provided prior to the approval of the plan, if 
requested by any person having an interest which is, or may be, 
adversely affected by implementation of such plan. The hearing shall be 
conducted as prescribed in Sec. 3420.1-5 of this title and may be 
combined with a regularly scheduled public meeting. The authorized 
officer conducting the hearing shall:
    (1) Publish a notice of the hearing in a newspaper of general 
circulation in the affected geographical area at least once a week for 2 
consecutive weeks;
    (2) Provide an opportunity for testimony by anyone who so desires; 
and
    (3) Prepare a record of the proceedings of the hearing.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14566, 14567, Mar. 23, 
2005; 70 FR 29208, May 20, 2005]



Sec. 1610.3  Coordination with other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and Indian tribes.



Sec. 1610.3-1  Coordination of planning efforts.

    (a) In addition to the public involvement prescribed by Sec. 
1610.2, the following coordination is to be accomplished with other 
Federal agencies, state and local governments, and federally recognized 
Indian tribes. The objectives of the coordination are for the State 
Directors and Field Managers to:
    (1) Keep apprised of non-Bureau of Land Management plans;
    (2) Assure that BLM considers those plans that are germane in the 
development of resource management plans for public lands;
    (3) Assist in resolving, to the extent practicable, inconsistencies 
between Federal and non-Federal government plans;
    (4) Provide for meaningful public involvement of other Federal 
agencies, State and local government officials, both elected and 
appointed, and federally recognized Indian tribes, in the development of 
resource management plans, including early public notice of final 
decisions that may have a significant impact on non-Federal lands; and
    (5) Where possible and appropriate, develop resource management 
plans collaboratively with cooperating agencies.
    (b) When developing or revising resource management plans, BLM State 
Directors and Field Managers will invite eligible Federal agencies, 
state and local governments, and federally recognized Indian tribes to 
participate as cooperating agencies. The same requirement applies when 
BLM amends resource management plans through an environmental impact 
statement. State Directors and Field Managers will consider any requests 
of other Federal agencies, state and local governments, and federally 
recognized Indian tribes for cooperating agency status. Field Managers 
who deny such requests will inform the State Director of the denial. The 
State Director will determine if the denial is appropriate.
    (c) State Directors and Field Managers shall provide other Federal 
agencies, State and local governments, and Indian tribes opportunity for 
review, advice, and suggestion on issues and topics which may affect or 
influence other agency or other government programs. To facilitate 
coordination with State governments, State Directors should seek the 
policy advice of the Governor(s) on the timing, scope and coordination 
of plan components; definition of planning areas; scheduling of public 
involvement activities; and the multiple use opportunities and 
constraints on public lands. State Directors may seek written agreements 
with Governors or their designated representatives on processes and 
procedural topics such as exchanging information, providing advice and 
participation, and timeframes for receiving State government 
participation and review in a timely fashion. If an agreement is not 
reached, the State Director shall provide opportunity for Governor and 
State agency review, advice and suggestions on issues and topics that 
the State Director has reason to believe could affect or influence State 
government programs.
    (d) In developing guidance to Field Manager, in compliance with 
section

[[Page 17]]

1611 of this title, the State Director shall:
    (1) Ensure that it is as consistent as possible with existing 
officially adopted and approved resource related plans, policies or 
programs of other Federal agencies, State agencies, Indian tribes and 
local governments that may be affected, as prescribed by Sec. 1610.3-2 
of this title;
    (2) Identify areas where the proposed guidance is inconsistent with 
such policies, plans or programs and provide reasons why the 
inconsistencies exist and cannot be remedied; and
    (3) Notify the other Federal agencies, State agencies, Indian tribes 
or local governments with whom consistency is not achieved and indicate 
any appropriate methods, procedures, actions and/or programs which the 
State Director believes may lead to resolution of such inconsistencies.
    (e) A notice of intent to prepare, amend, or revise a resource 
management plan shall be submitted, consistent with State procedures for 
coordination of Federal activities, for circulation among State 
agencies. This notice shall also be submitted to Federal agencies, the 
heads of county boards, other local government units and Tribal Chairmen 
or Alaska Native Leaders that have requested such notices or that the 
responsible line manager has reason to believe would be concerned with 
the plan or amendment. These notices shall be issued simultaneously with 
the public notices required under Sec. 1610.2(b) of this title.
    (f) Federal agencies, State and local governments and Indian tribes 
shall have the time period prescribed under Sec. 1610.2 of this title 
for review and comment on resource management plan proposals. Should 
they notify the Field Manager, in writing, of what they believe to be 
specific inconsistencies between the Bureau of Land Management resource 
management plan and their officially approved and adopted resources 
related plans, the resource management plan documentation shall show how 
those inconsistencies were addressed and, if possible, resolved.
    (g) When an advisory council has been formed under section 309 of 
the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 for the area 
addressed in a resource management plan or plan amendment, BLM will 
inform that council, seek its views, and consider them throughout the 
planning process.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14566, 14567, Mar. 23, 
2005; 70 FR 29208, May 20, 2005]



Sec. 1610.3-2  Consistency requirements.

    (a) Guidance and resource management plans and amendments to 
management framework plans shall be consistent with officially approved 
or adopted resource related plans, and the policies and programs 
contained therein, of other Federal agencies, State and local 
governments and Indian tribes, so long as the guidance and resource 
management plans are also consistent with the purposes, policies and 
programs of Federal laws and regulations applicable to public lands, 
including Federal and State pollution control laws as implemented by 
applicable Federal and State air, water, noise, and other pollution 
standards or implementation plans.
    (b) In the absence of officially approved or adopted resource-
related plans of other Federal agencies, State and local governments and 
Indian tribes, guidance and resource management plans shall, to the 
maximum extent practical, be consistent with officially approved and 
adopted resource related policies and programs of other Federal 
agencies, State and local governments and Indian tribes. Such 
consistency will be accomplished so long as the guidance and resource 
management plans are consistent with the policies, programs and 
provisions of Federal laws and regulations applicable to public lands, 
including, but not limited to, Federal and State pollution control laws 
as implemented by applicable Federal and State air, water, noise and 
other pollution standards or implementation plans.
    (c) State Directors and Field Managers shall, to the extent 
practicable, keep apprised of State and local governmental and Indian 
tribal policies, plans, and programs, but they shall not be accountable 
for ensuring consistency if they have not been notified, in writing, by 
State and local governments or Indian tribes of an apparent 
inconsistency.

[[Page 18]]

    (d) Where State and local government policies, plans, and programs 
differ, those of the higher authority will normally be followed.
    (e) Prior to the approval of a proposed resource management plan, or 
amendment to a management framework plan or resource management plan, 
the State Director shall submit to the Governor of the State(s) 
involved, the proposed plan or amendment and shall identify any known 
inconsistencies with State or local plans, policies or programs. The 
Governor(s) shall have 60 days in which to identify inconsistencies and 
provide recommendations in writing to the State Director. If the 
Governor(s) does not respond within the 60-day period, the plan or 
amendment shall be presumed to be consistent. If the written 
recommendation(s) of the Governor(s) recommend changes in the proposed 
plan or amendment which were not raised during the public participation 
process on that plan or amendment, the State Director shall provide the 
public with an opportunity to comment on the recommendation(s). If the 
State Director does not accept the recommendations of the Governor(s), 
The State Director shall notify the Governor(s) and the Governor(s) 
shall have 30 days in which to submit a written appeal to the Director 
of the Bureau of Land Management. The Director shall accept the 
recommendations of the Governor(s) if he/she determines that they 
provide for a reasonable balance between the national interest and the 
State's interest. The Director shall communicate to the Governor(s) in 
writing and publish in the Federal Register the reasons for his/her 
determination to accept or reject such Governor's recommendations.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4  Resource management planning process.



Sec. 1610.4-1  Identification of issues.

    At the outset of the planning process, the public, other Federal 
agencies, State and local governments and Indian tribes shall be given 
an opportunity to suggest concerns, needs, and resource use, development 
and protection opportunities for consideration in the preparation of the 
resource management plan. The Field Manager, in collaboration with any 
cooperating agencies, will analyze those suggestions and other available 
data, such as records of resource conditions, trends, needs, and 
problems, and select topics and determine the issues to be addressed 
during the planning process. Issues may be modified during the planning 
process to incorporate new information. The identification of issues 
shall also comply with the scoping process required by regulations 
implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (40 CFR 1501.7).

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14566, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-2  Development of planning criteria.

    (a) The Field Manager will prepare criteria to guide development of 
the resource management plan or revision, to ensure:
    (1) It is tailored to the issues previously identified; and
    (2) That BLM avoids unnecessary data collection and analyses.
    (b) Planning criteria will generally be based upon applicable law, 
Director and State Director guidance, the results of public 
participation, and coordination with any cooperating agencies and other 
Federal agencies, State and local governments, and federally recognized 
Indian tribes.
    (c) BLM will make proposed planning criteria, including any 
significant changes, available for public comment prior to being 
approved by the Field Manager for use in the planning process.
    (d) BLM may change planning criteria as planning proceeds if we 
determine that public suggestions or study and assessment findings make 
such changes desirable.

[70 FR 14566, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-3  Inventory data and information collection.

    The Field Manager, in collaboration with any cooperating agencies, 
will arrange for resource, environmental, social, economic and 
institutional data

[[Page 19]]

and information to be collected, or assembled if already available. New 
information and inventory data collection will emphasize significant 
issues and decisions with the greatest potential impact. Inventory data 
and information shall be collected in a manner that aids application in 
the planning process, including subsequent monitoring requirements.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14566, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-4  Analysis of the management situation.

    The Field Manager, in collaboration with any cooperating agencies, 
will analyze the inventory data and other information available to 
determine the ability of the resource area to respond to identified 
issues and opportunities. The analysis of the management situation shall 
provide, consistent with multiple use principles, the basis for 
formulating reasonable alternatives, including the types of resources 
for development or protection. Factors to be considered may include, but 
are not limited to:
    (a) The types of resource use and protection authorized by the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act and other relevant legislation;
    (b) Opportunities to meet goals and objectives defined in national 
and State Director guidance;
    (c) Resource demand forecasts and analyses relevant to the resource 
area;
    (d) The estimated sustained levels of the various goods, services 
and uses that may be attained under existing biological and physical 
conditions and under differing management practices and degrees of 
management intensity which are economically viable under benefit cost or 
cost effectiveness standards prescribed in national or State Director 
guidance;
    (e) Specific requirements and constraints to achieve consistency 
with policies, plans and programs of other Federal agencies, State and 
local government agencies and Indian tribes;
    (f) Opportunities to resolve public issues and management concerns;
    (g) Degree of local dependence on resources from public lands;
    (h) The extent of coal lands which may be further considered under 
provisions of Sec. 3420.2-3(a) of this title; and
    (i) Critical threshold levels which should be considered in the 
formulation of planned alternatives.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14566, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-5  Formulation of alternatives.

    At the direction of the Field Manager, in collaboration with any 
cooperating agencies, BLM will consider all reasonable resource 
management alternatives and develop several complete alternatives for 
detailed study. Nonetheless, the decision to designate alternatives for 
further development and analysis remains the exclusive responsibility of 
the BLM. The alternatives developed shall reflect the variety of issues 
and guidance applicable to the resource uses. In order to limit the 
total number of alternatives analyzed in detail to a manageable number 
for presentation and analysis, all reasonable variations shall be 
treated as subalternatives. One alternative shall be for no action, 
which means continuation of present level or systems of resource use. 
The plan shall note any alternatives identified and eliminated from 
detailed study and shall briefly discuss the reasons for their 
elimination.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-6  Estimation of effects of alternatives.

    The Field Manager, in collaboration with any cooperating agencies, 
will estimate and display the physical, biological, economic, and social 
effects of implementing each alternative considered in detail. The 
estimation of effects shall be guided by the planning criteria and 
procedures implementing the National Environmental Policy Act. The 
estimate may be stated in terms of probable ranges where effects cannot 
be precisely determined.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]

[[Page 20]]



Sec. 1610.4-7  Selection of preferred alternatives.

    The Field Manager, in collaboration with any cooperating agencies, 
will evaluate the alternatives, estimate their effects according to the 
planning criteria, and identify a preferred alternative that best meets 
Director and State Director guidance. Nonetheless, the decision to 
select a preferred alternative remains the exclusive responsibility of 
the BLM. The resulting draft resource management plan and draft 
environmental impact statement shall be forwarded to the State Director 
for approval, publication, and filing with the Environmental Protection 
Agency. This draft plan and environmental impact statement shall be 
provided for comment to the Governor of the State involved, and to 
officials of other Federal agencies, State and local governments and 
Indian tribes that the State Director has reason to believe would be 
concerned. This action shall constitute compliance with the requirements 
of Sec. 3420.1-7 of this title.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-8  Selection of resource management plan.

    After publication of the draft resource management plan and draft 
environmental impact statement, the Field Manager shall evaluate the 
comments received and select and recommend to the State Director, for 
supervisory review and publication, a proposed resource management plan 
and final environmental impact statement. After supervisory review of 
the proposed resource management plan, the State Director shall publish 
the plan and file the related environmental impact statement.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.4-9  Monitoring and evaluation.

    The proposed plan shall establish intervals and standards, as 
appropriate, for monitoring and evaluation of the plan. Such intervals 
and standards shall be based on the sensitivity of the resource to the 
decisions involved and shall provide for evaluation to determine whether 
mitigation measures are satisfactory, whether there has been significant 
change in the related plans of other Federal agencies, State or local 
governments, or Indian tribes, or whether there is new data of 
significance to the plan. The Field Manager shall be responsible for 
monitoring and evaluating the plan in accordance with the established 
intervals and standards and at other times as appropriate to determine 
whether there is sufficient cause to warrant amendment or revision of 
the plan.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.5  Resource management plan approval, use and modification.



Sec. 1610.5-1  Resource management plan approval and administrative review.

    (a) The proposed resource management plan or revision shall be 
submitted by the Field Manager to the State Director for supervisory 
review and approval. When the review is completed the State Director 
shall either publish the proposed plan and file the related 
environmental impact statement or return the plan to the Field Manager 
with a written statement of the problems to be resolved before the 
proposed plan can be published.
    (b) No earlier than 30 days after the Environmental Protection 
Agency publishes a notice of the filing of the final environmental 
impact statement in the Federal Register, and pending final action on 
any protest that may be filed, the State Director shall approve the 
plan. Approval shall be withheld on any portion of a plan or amendment 
being protested until final action has been completed on such protest. 
Before such approval is given, there shall be public notice and 
opportunity for public comment on any significant change made to the 
proposed plan. The approval shall be documented in a concise public 
record of the decision, meeting the requirements of regulations for the 
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (40 CFR 1505.2).

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]

[[Page 21]]



Sec. 1610.5-2  Protest procedures.

    (a) Any person who participated in the planning process and has an 
interest which is or may be adversely affected by the approval or 
amendment of a resource management plan may protest such approval or 
amendment. A protest may raise only those issues which were submitted 
for the record during the planning process.
    (1) The protest shall be in writing and shall be filed with the 
Director. The protest shall be filed within 30 days of the date the 
Environmental Protection Agency published the notice of receipt of the 
final environmental impact statement containing the plan or amendment in 
the Federal Register. For an amendment not requiring the preparation of 
an environmental impact statement, the protest shall be filed within 30 
days of the publication of the notice of its effective date.
    (2) The protest shall contain:
    (i) The name, mailing address, telephone number and interest of the 
person filing the protest;
    (ii) A statement of the issue or issues being protested;
    (iii) A statement of the part or parts of the plan or amendment 
being protested;
    (iv) A copy of all documents addressing the issue or issues that 
were submitted during the planning process by the protesting party or an 
indication of the date the issue or issues were discussed for the 
record; and
    (v) A concise statement explaining why the State Director's decision 
is believed to be wrong.
    (3) The Director shall promptly render a decision on the protest. 
The decision shall be in writing and shall set forth the reasons for the 
decision. The decision shall be sent to the protesting party by 
certified mail, return receipt requested.
    (b) The decision of the Director shall be the final decision of the 
Department of the Interior.



Sec. 1610.5-3  Conformity and implementation.

    (a) All future resource management authorizations and actions, as 
well as budget or other action proposals to higher levels in the Bureau 
of Land Management and Department, and subsequent more detailed or 
specific planning, shall conform to the approved plan.
    (b) After a plan is approved or amended, and if otherwise authorized 
by law, regulation, contract, permit, cooperative agreement or other 
instrument of occupancy and use, the Field Manager shall take 
appropriate measures, subject to valid existing rights, to make 
operations and activities under existing permits, contracts, cooperative 
agreements or other instruments for occupancy and use, conform to the 
approved plan or amendment within a reasonable period of time. Any 
person adversely affected by a specific action being proposed to 
implement some portion of a resource management plan or amendment may 
appeal such action pursuant to 43 CFR 4.400 at the time the action is 
proposed for implementation.
    (c) If a proposed action is not in conformance, and warrants further 
consideration before a plan revision is scheduled, such consideration 
shall be through a plan amendment in accordance with the provisions of 
Sec. 1610.5-5 of this title.
    (d) More detailed and site specific plans for coal, oil shale and 
tar sand resources shall be prepared in accordance with specific 
regulations for those resources: Group 3400 of this title for coal; 
Group 3900 of this title for oil shale; and part 3140 of this title for 
tar sand. These activity plans shall be in conformance with land use 
plans prepared and approved under the provisions of this part.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.5-4  Maintenance.

    Resource management plans and supporting components shall be 
maintained as necessary to reflect minor changes in data. Such 
maintenance is limited to further refining or documenting a previously 
approved decision incorporated in the plan. Maintenance shall not result 
in expansion in the scope of resource uses or restrictions, or change 
the terms, conditions, and decisions of the approved plan. Maintenance 
is not considered a plan amendment and shall not require the formal

[[Page 22]]

public involvement and interagency coordination process described under 
Sec. Sec. 1610.2 and 1610.3 of this title or the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or environmental impact statement. Maintenance 
shall be documented in plans and supporting records.



Sec. 1610.5-5  Amendment.

    A resource management plan may be changed through amendment. An 
amendment shall be initiated by the need to consider monitoring and 
evaluation findings, new data, new or revised policy, a change in 
circumstances or a proposed action that may result in a change in the 
scope of resource uses or a change in the terms, conditions and 
decisions of the approved plan. An amendment shall be made through an 
environmental assessment of the proposed change, or an environmental 
impact statement, if necessary, public involvement as prescribed in 
Sec. 1610.2 of this title, interagency coordination and consistency 
determination as prescribed in Sec. 1610.3 of this title and any other 
data or analysis that may be appropriate. In all cases, the effect of 
the amendment on the plan shall be evaluated. If the amendment is being 
considered in response to a specific proposal, the analysis required for 
the proposal and for the amendment may occur simultaneously.
    (a) If the environmental assessment does not disclose significant 
impact, a finding of no significant impact may be made by the Field 
Manager. The Field Manager shall then make a recommendation on the 
amendment to the State Director for approval, and upon approval, the 
Field Manager shall issue a public notice of the action taken on the 
amendment. If the amendment is approved, it may be implemented 30 days 
after such notice.
    (b) If a decision is made to prepare an environmental impact 
statement, the amending process shall follow the same procedure required 
for the preparation and approval of the plan, but consideration shall be 
limited to that portion of the plan being considered for amendment. If 
several plans are being amended simultaneously, a single environmental 
impact statement may be prepared to cover all amendments.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.5-6  Revision.

    A resource management plan shall be revised as necessary, based on 
monitoring and evaluation findings (Sec. 1610.4-9), new data, new or 
revised policy and changes in circumstances affecting the entire plan or 
major portions of the plan. Revisions shall comply with all of the 
requirements of these regulations for preparing and approving an 
original resource management plan.



Sec. 1610.5-7  Situations where action can be taken based on another 
agency's plan, or a land use analysis.

    These regulations authorize the preparation of a resource management 
plan for whatever public land interests exist in a given land area. 
There are situations of mixed ownership where the public land estate is 
under non-Federal surface, or administration of the land is shared by 
the Bureau of Land Management with another Federal agency. The Field 
Manager may use the plans or the land use analysis of other agencies 
when split or shared estate conditions exist in any of the following 
situations:
    (a) Another agency's plan (Federal, State, or local) may be used as 
a basis for an action only if it is comprehensive and has considered the 
public land interest involved in a way comparable to the manner in which 
it would have been considered in a resource management plan, including 
the opportunity for public participation.
    (b) After evaluation and review, the Bureau of Land Management may 
adopt another agency's plan for continued use as a resource management 
plan if an agreement is reached between the Bureau of Land Management 
and the other agency to provide for maintenance and amendment of the 
plan, as necessary, to comply with law and policy applicable to public 
lands.
    (c) A land use analysis may be used to consider a coal lease when 
there is no Federal ownership interest in the surface or when coal 
resources are insufficient to justify plan preparation costs. The land 
use analysis process, as

[[Page 23]]

authorized by the Federal Coal Leasing Amendments Act, consists of an 
environmental assessment or impact statement, public participation as 
required by Sec. 1610.2 of this title, the consultation and consistency 
determinations required by Sec. 1610.3 of this title, the protest 
procedure prescribed by Sec. 1610.5-2 of this title and a decision on 
the coal lease proposal. A land use analysis meets the planning 
requirements of section 202 of the Federal Land Policy and Management 
Act. The decision to approve the land use analysis and to lease coal is 
made by the Departmental official who has been delegated the authority 
to issue coal leases.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.6  Management decision review by Congress.

    The Federal Land Policy and Management Act requires that any Bureau 
of Land Management management decision or action pursuant to a 
management decision which totally eliminates one or more principal or 
major uses for 2 or more years with respect to a tract of 100,000 acres 
or more, shall be reported by the Secretary to Congress before it can be 
implemented. This report shall not be required prior to approval of a 
resource management plan which, if fully or partially implemented, would 
result in such an elimination. The required report shall be submitted as 
the first action step in implementing that portion of a resource 
management plan which would require elimination of such a use.



Sec. 1610.7  Designation of areas.



Sec. 1610.7-1  Designation of areas unsuitable for surface mining.

    (a)(1) The planning process is the chief process by which public 
land is reviewed to assess whether there are areas unsuitable for all or 
certain types of surface coal mining operations under section 522(b) of 
the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. The unsuitability 
criteria to be applied during the planning process are found in Sec. 
3461.1 of this title.
    (2) When petitions to designate land unsuitable under section 522(c) 
of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act are referred to the 
Bureau of Land Management for comment, the resource management plan, or 
plan amendment if available, shall be the basis for review.
    (3) After a resource management plan or plan amendment is approved 
in which lands are assessed as unsuitable, the Field Manager shall take 
all necessary steps to implement the results of the unsuitability review 
as it applies to all or certain types of coal mining.
    (b)(1) The resource management planning process is the chief process 
by which public lands are reviewed for designation as unsuitable for 
entry or leasing for mining operations for minerals and materials other 
than coal under section 601 of the Surface Mining Control and 
Reclamation Act.
    (2) When petitions to designate lands unsuitable under section 601 
of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act are received by the 
Bureau of Land Management, the resource management plan, if available, 
shall be the basis for determinations for designation.
    (3) After a resource management plan or plan amendment in which 
lands are designated unsuitable is approved, the Field Manager shall 
take all necessary steps to implement the results of the unsuitability 
review as it applies to minerals or materials other than coal.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Sec. 1610.7-2  Designation of areas of critical environmental concern.

    Areas having potential for Areas of Critical Environmental Concern 
(ACEC) designation and protection management shall be identified and 
considered throughout the resource management planning process (see 
Sec. Sec. 1610.4-1 through 1610.4-9).
    (a) The inventory data shall be analyzed to determine whether there 
are areas containing resources, values, systems or processes or hazards 
eligible for further consideration for designation as an ACEC. In order 
to be a potential ACEC, both of the following criteria shall be met:
    (1) Relevance. There shall be present a significant historic, 
cultural, or scenic value; a fish or wildlife resource or

[[Page 24]]

other natural system or process; or natural hazard.
    (2) Importance. The above described value, resource, system, 
process, or hazard shall have substantial significance and values. This 
generally requires qualities of more than local significance and special 
worth, consequence, meaning, distinctiveness, or cause for concern. A 
natural hazard can be important if it is a significant threat to human 
life or property.
    (b) The State Director, upon approval of a draft resource management 
plan, plan revision, or plan amendment involving ACECs, shall publish a 
notice in the Federal Register listing each ACEC proposed and specifying 
the resource use limitations, if any, which would occur if it were 
formally designated. The notice shall provide a 60-day period for public 
comment on the proposed ACEC designation. The approval of a resource 
management plan, plan revision, or plan amendment constitutes formal 
designation of any ACEC involved. The approved plan shall include the 
general management practices and uses, including mitigating measures, 
identified to protect designated ACEC.



Sec. 1610.8  Transition period.

    (a) Until superseded by resource management plans, management 
framework plans may be the basis for considering proposed actions as 
follows:
    (1) The management framework plan shall be in compliance with the 
principle of multiple use and sustained yield and shall have been 
developed with public participation and governmental coordination, but 
not necessarily precisely as prescribed in Sec. Sec. 1610.2 and 1610.3 
of this title.
    (2) No sooner than 30 days after the Environmental Protection Agency 
publishes a notice of the filing of a final court-ordered environmental 
impact statement--which is based on a management framework plan--
proposed actions may be initiated without any further analysis or 
processes included in this subpart.
    (3) For proposed actions other than those described in paragraph 
(a)(2) of this section, determination shall be made by the Field Manager 
whether the proposed action is in conformance with the management 
framework plan. Such determination shall be in writing and shall explain 
the reasons for the determination.
    (i) If the proposed action is in conformance, it may be further 
considered for decision under procedures applicable to that type of 
action, including requirements of regulations for implementing the 
procedural provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act in 40 CFR 
parts 1500-1508.
    (ii) If the proposed action is not in conformance with the 
management framework plan, and if the proposed action warrants further 
favorable consideration before a resource management plan is scheduled 
for preparation, such consideration shall be through a management 
framework plan amendment using the provisions of Sec. 1610.5-5 of this 
title.
    (b)(1) If an action is proposed where public lands are not covered 
by a management framework plan or a resource management plan, an 
environmental assessment and an environmental impact statement, if 
necessary, plus any other data and analysis necessary to make an 
informed decision, shall be used to assess the impacts of the proposal 
and to provide a basis for a decision on the proposal.
    (2) A land disposal action may be considered before a resource 
management plan is scheduled for preparation, through a planning 
analysis, using the process described in Sec. 1610.5-5 of this title 
for amending a plan.

[48 FR 20368, May 5, 1983, as amended at 70 FR 14567, Mar. 23, 2005]



Group 1700_Program Management--Table of Contents






PART 1780_COOPERATIVE RELATIONS--Table of Contents




                    Subpart 1784_Advisory Committees

Sec.
1784.0-1 Purpose.
1784.0-2 Objectives.
1784.0-3 Authority.
1784.0-4 [Reserved]
1784.0-5 Definitions.
1784.0-6 Policy.
1784.1 Establishment, duration, termination, and renewal.
1784.1-1 Establishment.

[[Page 25]]

1784.1-2 Duration, termination, and renewal.
1784.2 Composition, avoidance of conflict of interest.
1784.2-1 Composition.
1784.2-2 Avoidance of conflict of interest.
1784.3 Member service.
1784.4 Public participation.
1784.4-1 Calls for nominations.
1784.4-2 Notice of meetings.
1784.4-3 Open meetings.
1784.5 Operating procedures.
1784.5-1 Functions.
1784.5-2 Meetings.
1784.5-3 Records.
1784.6 Membership and functions of resource advisory councils and sub-
          groups.
1784.6-1 Resource advisory councils--requirements.
1784.6-2 Resource advisory councils--optional features.

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. App. (Federal Advisory Committee Act); 43 U.S.C. 
1739.

    Source: 45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, unless otherwise noted.



                    Subpart 1784_Advisory Committees



Sec. 1784.0-1  Purpose.

    This subpart contains standards and procedures for the creation, 
operation and termination of advisory committees to advise the Secretary 
of the Interior and Bureau of Land Management on matters relating to 
public lands and resources under the administrative jurisdiction of the 
Bureau of Land Management.



Sec. 1784.0-2  Objectives.

    The objective of advisory committees established under these 
regulations is to make available to the Department of the Interior and 
Bureau of Land Management the expert counsel of concerned, knowledgeable 
citizens and public officials regarding both the formulation of 
operating guidelines and the preparation and execution of plans and 
programs for the use and management of public lands, their natural and 
cultural resources, and the environment.



Sec. 1784.0-3  Authority.

    (a) The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. Appendix 1) 
requires establishment of a system governing advisory committees in the 
Executive Branch of the Federal Government and specifies policies, 
procedures, and responsibilities for committee creation, management and 
termination.
    (b) The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
1701 et seq.), as amended by the Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 
1978 (43 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), requires establishment of advisory 
councils representative of major citizen interests concerned with 
resource management planning or the management of public lands.
    (c) Section 2 of the Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1950 (5 U.S.C. 
Appendix, as amended; 64 Stat. 1262), authorizes the Secretary of the 
Interior to make provisions deemed appropriate authorizing the 
performance by any other officer, or by any agency or employee or the 
Department of the Interior of any Departmental function. The 
establishment of advisory committees is deemed an appropriate action.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 51 FR 39529, Oct. 29, 1986]



Sec. 1784.0-4  [Reserved]



Sec. 1784.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Advisory committee means any committee, council, or board 
established or utilized for purposes of obtaining advice or 
recommendations.
    (b) Secretary means Secretary of the Interior.
    (c) Director means the Director of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (d) Designated Federal officer means the Federal officer or employee 
designated by an advisory committee charter who approves meeting agendas 
and attends all meetings of the committee and its subcommittees, if any.
    (e) Public lands means any lands and interest in lands owned by the 
United States administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the 
Bureau of Land Management, except:
    (1) Lands located on the Outer Continental Shelf; and
    (2) Lands held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts, and Eskimos.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]

[[Page 26]]



Sec. 1784.0-6  Policy.

    As part of the Department's program for public participation, it is 
the policy of the Secretary to establish and employ committees 
representative of major citizens' interests, or where required by law, 
of special citizen interests, to advise the Secretary and Director 
regarding policy formulation, program planning, decisionmaking, 
attainment of program objectives, and achievement of improved program 
coordination and economies in the management of public lands and 
resources; to regularly ensure that such committees are being optimally 
employed; and to limit the number of advisory committees to that 
essential to the conduct of the public's business.



Sec. 1784.1  Establishment, duration, termination, and renewal.



Sec. 1784.1-1  Establishment.

    (a) An advisory committee required by statute is established or 
renewed upon the filing of a charter, signed by the Secretary, with the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate 
and the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States 
House of Representatives.
    (b) An advisory committee not specifically required by statute shall 
be established only when the Secretary has--
    (1) Determined as a matter of formal record, after consultation with 
the General Services Administration, that establishment of the committee 
is in the public interest in connection with duties required of the 
Department of the Interior by law;
    (2) Signed and filed the committee charter; and
    (3) Published in the Federal Register a notice of his determination 
and of the establishment of the committee.
    (c) An advisory committee shall not meet or take any action until 
the Committee's charter has been signed by the Secretary and copies 
filed with the appropriate committees of the Senate and House of 
Representatives and the Library of Congress.



Sec. 1784.1-2  Duration, termination, and renewal.

    (a) An advisory committee not mandated by statute, i.e., established 
at the discretion of the Secretary, shall terminate not later than 2 
years after its establishment unless, prior to that time, it is 
rechartered by the Secretary and copies of the new charter are filed 
with the appropriate committees of the Senate and House of 
Representatives. Any committee so renewed shall continue for not more 
than 2 additional years unless, prior to expiration of such period, it 
is again rechartered.
    (b) Any advisory committee mandated by statute shall terminate not 
later than 2 years after the date of its establishment unless its 
duration is otherwise provided by law. Upon the expiration of each 
successive two-year period following date of establishment, a new 
charter shall be prepared and, after Secretarial approval, filed with 
the appropriate committees of the Senate and House of Representatives 
for any statutory advisory committee being continued.



Sec. 1784.2  Composition, avoidance of conflict of interest.



Sec. 1784.2-1  Composition.

    (a) Each advisory committee shall be structured to provide fair 
membership balance, both geographic and interest-specific, in terms of 
the functions to be performed and points of view to be represented, as 
prescribed by its charter. Each shall be formed with the objective of 
providing representative counsel and advice about public land and 
resource planning, retention, management and disposal. No person is to 
be denied an opportunity to serve because of race, age, sex, religion or 
national origin.
    (b) Individuals shall qualify to serve on an advisory committee 
because their education, training, or experience enables them to give 
informed and objective advice regarding an industry, discipline, or 
interest specified in the committee's charter; they have demonstrated 
experience or knowledge of the geographical area under the purview of 
the advisory committee; and they have demonstrated a commitment

[[Page 27]]

to collaborate in seeking solutions to resource management issues.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]



Sec. 1784.2-2  Avoidance of conflict of interest.

    (a) Persons or employees of organizations who hold leases, licenses, 
permits, contracts or claims which involve lands or resources 
administered by the Bureau of Land Management normally shall not serve 
on advisory committees except--
    (1) Holders of grazing permits and leases may serve on advisory 
committees, including resource advisory councils, and may serve on 
subgroups of such advisory councils;
    (2) That the lack of candidates make them the only available 
candidates; or
    (3) When they have special knowledge or experience which is needed 
to accomplish the committee functions to be performed.
    (b) No advisory committee members, including members of resource 
advisory councils, and no members of subgroups of such advisory 
committees, shall participate in any matter in which the members have a 
direct interest.
    (c) Members of advisory committees shall be required to disclose 
their direct or indirect interest in leases, licenses, permits, 
contracts, or claims and related litigation which involve lands or 
resources administered by the Bureau of Land Management. For the 
purposes of this paragraph, indirect interest includes holdings of a 
spouse or a dependent child.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]



Sec. 1784.3  Member service.

    (a) Appointments to advisory committees shall be for 2-year terms 
unless otherwise specified in the charter or the appointing document. 
Terms of service normally coincide with duration of the committee 
charter. Members may be appointed to additional terms at the discretion 
of the authorized appointing official.
    (1) The term of the member of a council who has been appointed on 
the basis of his status as an elected official of general purpose 
government serving the people of the geographical area for which the 
council is established shall end upon that person's departure from such 
elective office if such departure occurs before his or her term of 
appointment or reappointment to the council would otherwise expire. 
However, the Secretary, in his discretion, may permit the member to 
complete the term in another vacant position on the council, provided 
that the member is qualified to represent one of the other categories of 
major citizens' interests set forth in the charter of the council;
    (2) A vacancy occurring by reason of removal, resignation, death, or 
departure from elective office shall be filled for the balance of the 
vacating member's term using the same method by which the original 
appointment was made;
    (b) Committee members advise and report only to the official(s) 
specified in the charter. Service as an advisor, however, does not limit 
the rights of a member acting as a private citizen or as a member or 
official of another organization.
    (c) The Secretary or the designated Federal officer may, after 
written notice, terminate the service of an advisor if, in the judgment 
of the Secretary or the designated Federal officer, such removal is in 
the public interest, or if the advisor--
    (1) No longer meets the requirements under which elected or 
appointed;
    (2) Fails or is unable to participate regularly in committee work; 
or
    (3) Has violated Federal law or the regulations of the Secretary.
    (d) For purposes of compensation, members of advisory committees 
shall be reimbursed for travel and per diem expenses when on advisory 
committee business, as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 5703. No reimbursement 
shall be made for expenses incurred by members of subgroups selected by 
established committees, except that the designated Federal officer may 
reimburse travel and

[[Page 28]]

per diem expenses to members of subgroups who are also members of the 
parent committee.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 47 FR 6429, Feb. 12, 1982; 47 
FR 34389, Aug. 9, 1982; 51 FR 39529, Oct. 29, 1986; 52 FR 5284, Feb. 20, 
1987; 60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]



Sec. 1784.4  Public participation.



Sec. 1784.4-1  Calls for nominations.

    Except where otherwise provided, candidates for appointment to 
advisory committees are sought through public calls for public 
nominations. Such calls shall be published in the Federal Register and 
are made through media releases and systematic contacts with individuals 
and organizations interested in the use and management of public lands 
and resources.



Sec. 1784.4-2  Notice of meetings.

    (a) Notices of meetings of advisory committees and any subcommittees 
that may be formed shall be published in the Federal Register and 
distributed to the media 30 days in advance of a meeting. However, if 
urgent matters arise, notices of meetings of advisory committees and any 
subcommittees shall be published in the Federal Register and distributed 
to the media at least 15 days in advance of a meeting.
    (b) Notices shall set forth meeting locations, topics or issues to 
be discussed, and times and places for the public to be heard.



Sec. 1784.4-3  Open meetings.

    (a) All advisory committee and subcommittee meetings and associated 
field examinations shall be open to the public and news media.
    (b) Anyone may appear before or file a statement with a committee or 
subcommittee regarding matters on a meeting agenda.
    (c) The scheduling of meetings and the preparation of agendas shall 
be done in a manner that will encourage and facilitate public attendance 
and participation. The amount of time scheduled for public presentations 
and meeting times may be extended when the authorized representative 
considers it necessary to accommodate all who seek to be heard regarding 
matters on the agenda.



Sec. 1784.5  Operating procedures.



Sec. 1784.5-1  Functions.

    The function of an advisory committee is solely advisory, and 
recommendations shall be made only to the authorized representative 
specified in its charter. Determinations of actions to be taken on the 
reports and recommendations of a committee shall be made only by the 
Secretary or the designated Federal officer.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]



Sec. 1784.5-2  Meetings.

    (a) Advisory committees shall meet only at the call of the Secretary 
or the designated Federal officer.
    (b) No meeting shall be held in the absence of the Secretary or the 
designated Federal officer.
    (c) Each meeting shall be conducted with close adherence to an 
agenda which has been approved in advance by the authorized 
representative.
    (d) The authorized representative may adjourn an advisory committee 
meeting at any time when--
    (1) Continuance would be inconsistent with either the purpose for 
which the meeting was called or the established rules for its conduct; 
or
    (2) Adjournment is determined to be in the public interest.

[45 FR 8177, Feb. 6, 1980, as amended at 60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]



Sec. 1784.5-3  Records.

    (a) Detailed records shall be kept of each meeting of an advisory 
committee and any subcommittees that may be formed. These records shall 
include as a minimum--
    (1) The time and place of the meeting;
    (2) Copies of the Federal Register and other public notices 
announcing the meeting;
    (3) A list of advisors and Department or Bureau employees present;
    (4) A list of members of the public present and who each 
represented;
    (5) The meeting agenda;
    (6) A complete and accurate summary description of matters discussed 
and conclusions reached;

[[Page 29]]

    (7) A list of recommendations made by the advisory committee;
    (8) Copies of all reports received, issued, or approved by the 
Committee or subcommittee; and
    (9) A description of the nature of public participation. The 
Chairperson of the advisory committee shall certify to the accuracy of 
meeting records.
    (b) All records, reports, transcripts, minutes, recommendations, 
studies, working papers, and other documents prepared by or submitted to 
an advisory committee shall be available for public inspection and 
copying in the Bureau of Land Management office responsible for support 
of that committee. Upon request, copies shall be provided at the cost of 
duplication as established by the regulations in 43 CFR part 2 (Appendix 
A).



Sec. 1784.6  Membership and functions of resource advisory councils and sub-groups.



Sec. 1784.6-1  Resource advisory councils--requirements.

    (a) Resource advisory councils shall be established to cover all 
lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management, except where--
    (1) There is insufficient interest in participation to ensure that 
membership can be fairly balanced in terms of the points of view 
represented and the functions to be performed; or
    (2) The location of the public lands with respect to the population 
of users and other interested parties precludes effective participation.
    (b) A resource advisory council advises the Bureau of Land 
Management official to whom it reports regarding the preparation, 
amendment and implementation of land use plans for public lands and 
resources within its area. Except for the purposes of long-range 
planning and the establishment of resource management priorities, a 
resource advisory council shall not provide advice on the allocation and 
expenditure of funds. A resource advisory council shall not provide 
advice regarding personnel actions.
    (c) The Secretary shall appoint the members of each resource 
advisory council. The Secretary shall appoint at least 1 elected 
official of general purpose government serving the people of the area to 
each council. An individual may not serve concurrently on more than 1 
resource advisory council. Council members and members of a rangeland 
resource team or other local general purpose subgroup must reside in 1 
of the States within the geographic jurisdiction of the council or 
subgroup, respectively. Council members and members of general purpose 
subgroups shall be representative of the interests of the following 3 
general groups:
    (1) Persons who--
    (i) Hold Federal grazing permits or leases within the area for which 
the council is organized;
    (ii) Represent interests associated with transportation or rights-
of-way;
    (iii) Represent developed outdoor recreation, off-highway vehicle 
users, or commercial recreation activities;
    (iv) Represent the commercial timber industry; or
    (v) Represent energy and mineral development.
    (2) Persons representing--
    (i) Nationally or regionally recognized environmental organizations;
    (ii) Dispersed recreational activities;
    (iii) Archeological and historical interests; or
    (iv) Nationally or regionally recognized wild horse and burro 
interest groups.
    (3) Persons who--
    (i) Hold State, county or local elected office;
    (ii) Are employed by a State agency responsible for management of 
natural resources, land, or water;
    (iii) Represent Indian tribes within or adjacent to the area for 
which the council is organized;
    (iv) Are employed as academicians in natural resource management or 
the natural sciences; or
    (v) Represent the affected public-at-large.
    (d) In appointing members of a resource advisory council from the 3 
categories set forth in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), and (c)(3) of this 
section, the Secretary shall provide for balanced and broad 
representation from within each category.
    (e) In making appointments to resource advisory councils the 
Secretary shall consider nominations made by

[[Page 30]]

the Governor of the State or States affected and nominations received in 
response to public calls for nominations pursuant to Sec. 1784.4-1. 
Persons interested in serving on resource advisory councils may nominate 
themselves. All nominations shall be accompanied by letters of reference 
from interests or organizations to be represented.
    (f) Persons appointed to resource advisory councils shall attend a 
course of instruction in the management of rangeland ecosystems that has 
been approved by the Bureau of Land Management State Director.
    (g) A resource advisory council shall meet at the call of the 
designated Federal officer and elect its own officers. The designated 
Federal officer shall attend all meetings of the council.
    (h) Council charters must include rules defining a quorum and 
establishing procedures for sending recommendations forward to BLM. A 
quorum of council members must be present to constitute an official 
meeting of the council. Formal recommendations shall require agreement 
of at least a majority of each of the 3 categories of interest from 
which appointments are made.
    (i) Where the resource advisory council becomes concerned that its 
advice is being arbitrarily disregarded, the council may request that 
the Secretary respond directly to such concerns within 60 days of 
receipt. Such a request can be made only upon the agreement of all 
council members. The Secretary's response shall not constitute a 
decision on the merits of any issue that is or might become the subject 
of an administrative appeal, and shall not be appealable.
    (j) Administrative support for a resource advisory council shall be 
provided by the office of the designated Federal officer.

[60 FR 9958, Feb. 22, 1995]



Sec. 1784.6-2  Resource advisory councils--optional features.

    (a) Resource advisory councils must be established consistent with 
any 1 of the 3 models in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), and (a)(3) of this 
section. The model type and boundaries for resource advisory councils 
shall be established by the BLM State Director(s) in consultation with 
the Governors of the affected States and other interested parties.

                               (1) Model A

    (i) Council jurisdiction. The geographic jurisdiction of a council 
shall coincide with BLM District or ecoregion boundaries. The Governor 
of the affected States or existing resource advisory councils may 
petition the Secretary to establish a resource advisory council for a 
specified Bureau of Land Management resource area. The councils will 
provide advice to the Bureau of Land Management official to whom they 
report regarding the preparation, amendment and implementation of land 
use plans. The councils will also assist in establishing other long-
range plans and resource management priorities in an advisory capacity, 
including providing advice on the development of plans for range 
improvement or development programs.
    (ii) Membership. Each council shall have 15 members, distributed 
equally among the 3 interest groups specified in Sec. 1784.6-1(c).
    (iii) Quorum and voting requirements. At least 3 council members 
from each of the 3 categories of interest from which appointments are 
made pursuant to Sec. 1784.6-1(c) must be present to constitute an 
official meeting of the council. Formal recommendations shall require 
agreement of at least 3 council members from each of the 3 categories of 
interest from which appointments are made.
    (iv) Subgroups. Local rangeland resource teams may be formed within 
the geographical area for which a resource advisory council provides 
advice, down to the level of a single allotment. These teams may be 
formed by a resource advisory council on its own motion or in response 
to a petition by local citizens. Rangeland resource teams will be formed 
for the purpose of providing local level input to the resource advisory 
council regarding issues pertaining to the administration of grazing on 
public land within the area for which the rangeland resource team is 
formed.
    (A) Rangeland resource teams will consist of 5 members selected by 
the resource advisory council. Membership will include 2 persons holding 
Federal

[[Page 31]]

grazing permits or leases. Additional members will include 1 person 
representing the public-at-large, 1 person representing a nationally or 
regionally recognized environmental organization, and 1 person 
representing national, regional, or local wildlife or recreation 
interests. Persons selected by the council to represent the public-at-
large, environmental, and wildlife or recreation interests may not hold 
Federal grazing permits or leases. At least 1 member must be selected 
from the membership of the resource advisory council.
    (B) The resource advisory council will be required to select 
rangeland resource team members from nominees who qualify by virtue of 
their knowledge or experience of the lands, resources, and communities 
that fall within the area for which the team is formed. All nominations 
must be accompanied by letters of recommendation from the groups or 
interests to be represented.
    (C) All members of rangeland resource teams will attend a course of 
instruction in the management of rangeland ecosystems that has been 
approved by the BLM State Director. Rangeland resource teams will have 
opportunities to raise any matter of concern with the resource advisory 
council and to request that BLM form a technical review team, as 
described below, to provide information and options to the council for 
their consideration.
    (D) Technical review teams can be formed by the BLM authorized 
officer on the motion of BLM or in response to a request by the resource 
advisory council or a rangeland resource team. The purpose of such teams 
is to gather and analyze data and develop recommendations to aid the 
decisionmaking process, and functions will be limited to tasks assigned 
by the authorized officer. Membership will be limited to Federal 
employees and paid consultants. Members will be selected based upon 
their knowledge of resource management or their familiarity with the 
specific issues for which the technical review team has been formed. 
Technical review teams will terminate upon completion of the assigned 
task.

                               (2) Model B

    (i) Council jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of the council shall be 
Statewide, or on an ecoregion basis. The purpose of the council is to 
promote federal, state, and local cooperation in the management of 
natural resources on public lands, and to coordinate the development of 
sound resource management plans and activities with other states. It 
will provide an opportunity for meaningful public participation in land 
management decisions at the state level and will foster conflict 
resolution through open dialogue and collaboration.
    (ii) Membership. The council shall have 15 members, distributed 
equally among the 3 interest groups specified in Sec. 1784.6-1(c), and 
will include at least one representative from wildlife interest groups, 
grazing interests, minerals and energy interests, and established 
environmental/conservation interests. The Governor shall chair the 
council.
    (iii) Quorum and voting requirements. The charter of the council 
shall specify that 80% or 12 members must be present to constitute a 
quorum and conduct official business, and that 80% or 12 members of the 
council must vote affirmatively to refer an issue to BLM Federal 
officer.
    (iv) Subgroups. Local rangeland resource teams may be formed by the 
Statewide council, down to the level of a 4th order watershed. Rangeland 
resource teams will be formed for the purpose of providing local level 
input to the resource advisory council. They will meet at least 
quarterly and will promote a decentralized administrative approach, 
encourage good stewardship, emphasize coordination and cooperation among 
agencies, permittees and the interested public, develop proposed 
solutions and management plans for local resources on public lands, 
promote renewable rangeland resource values, develop proposed standards 
to address sustainable resource uses and rangeland health, address 
renewable rangeland resource values, propose and participate in the 
development of area-specific National Environmental Policy Act 
documents, and develop range and wildlife education and training 
programs. As with the resource advisory council, an 80% affirmative vote

[[Page 32]]

will be required to send a recommendation to the resource advisory 
council.
    (A) Rangeland resource teams will not exceed 10 members and will 
include at least 2 persons from environmental or wildlife groups, 2 
grazing permittees, 1 elected official, 1 game and fish district 
representative, 2 members of the public or other interest groups, and a 
Federal officer from BLM. Members will be appointed for 2 year terms by 
the resource advisory council and may be reappointed. No member may 
serve on more than 1 rangeland resource team.
    (B) Technical review teams can be formed by the BLM authorized 
officer on the motion of BLM or in response to a request by the resource 
advisory council or a rangeland resource team. The purpose of such teams 
is to gather and analyze data and develop recommendations to aid the 
decisionmaking process, and functions will be limited to tasks assigned 
by the authorized officer. Membership will be limited to Federal 
employees and paid consultants. Members will be selected based upon 
their knowledge of resource management or their familiarity with the 
specific issues for which the technical review team has been formed. 
Technical review teams will terminate upon completion of the assigned 
task.

                               (3) Model C

    (i) Council jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of the council shall be 
on the basis of ecoregion, State, or BLM district boundaries.
    (ii) Membership. Membership of the council shall be 10 to 15 
members, distributed in a balanced fashion among the 3 interest groups 
defined in Sec. 1784.6-1(c).
    (iii) Quorum and voting requirements. The charter of each council 
shall specify that a majority of each interest group must be present to 
constitute a quorum and conduct official business, and that a majority 
of each interest group must vote affirmatively to refer an issue to BLM 
Federal officer.
    (iv) Subgroups. Resource advisory councils may form more local teams 
to provide general local level input to the resource advisory council on 
issues necessary to the successful functioning of the council. Such 
subgroups can be formed in response to a petition from local citizens or 
on the motion of the resource advisory council. Membership in any 
subgroup formed for the purpose of providing general input to the 
resource advisory council on grazing administration should be 
constituted in accordance with provisions for membership in Sec. 
1784.6-1(c).
    (A) Technical review teams can be formed by the BLM authorized 
officer on the motion of BLM or in response to a request by the resource 
advisory council or a local team. The purpose of such technical review 
teams is to gather and analyze data and develop recommendations to aid 
the decisionmaking process, and functions will be limited to tasks 
assigned by the authorized officer. Membership will be limited to 
Federal employees and paid consultants. Members will be selected based 
upon their knowledge of resource management or their familiarity with 
the specific issues for which the technical review team has been formed. 
Technical review teams will terminate upon completion of the assigned 
task.
    (B) [Reserved]

[60 FR 9959, Feb. 22, 1995]



Group 1800_Public Administrative Procedures--Table of Contents






PART 1810_INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL GUIDANCE--Table of Contents




                       Subpart 1810_General Rules

Sec.
1810.1 Rules of construction; words and phrases.
1810.2 Communications by mail; when mailing requirements are met.
1810.3 Effect of laches; authority to bind government.
1810.4 Information required by forms.

              Subpart 1812_Qualifications of Practitioners

1812.1 General.
1812.1-1 Regulations governing practice before the Department.
1812.1-2 Inquiries.

                      Subpart 1815_Disaster Relief

1815.0-3 Authority.
1815.0-5 Definitions.
1815.1 Timber sale contracts.

[[Page 33]]

1815.1-1 Relief granted.
1815.1-2 Applications.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1740.



                       Subpart 1810_General Rules

    Source: 35 FR 9513, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 1810.1  Rules of construction; words and phrases.

    Except where the context of the regulation or of the Act of the 
Congress on which it is based, indicates otherwise, when used in the 
regulations of this chapter:
    (a) Words importing the singular include and apply to the plural 
also;
    (b) Words importing the plural include the singular;
    (c) Words importing the masculine gender include the feminine as 
well;
    (d) Words used in the present tense include the future as well as 
the present;
    (e) The words person and whoever include corporations, companies, 
associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, 
as well as individuals;
    (f) Officer and authorized officer include any person authorized by 
law or by lawful delegation of authority to perform the duties 
described;
    (g) Signature or subscription includes a mark when the person making 
the same intended it as such;
    (h) Oath includes affirmation, and sworn includes affirmed;
    (i) Writing includes printing and typewriting as well as holographs, 
and copies include all types of reproductions on paper, including 
photographs, multigraphs, mimeographs and manifolds;
    (j) The word company or association, when used in reference to a 
corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words successors and assigns 
of such company or association, in like manner as if these last-named 
words, or words of similar import, were expressed.



Sec. 1810.2  Communications by mail; when mailing requirements are met.

    (a) Where the regulations in this chapter provide for communication 
by mail by the authorized officer, the requirement for mailing is met 
when the communication, addressed to the addressee at his last address 
of record in the appropriate office of the Bureau of Land Management, is 
deposited in the mail.
    (b) Where the authorized officer uses the mails to send a notice or 
other communication to any person entitled to such a communication under 
the regulations of this chapter, that person will be deemed to have 
received the communication if it was delivered to his last address of 
record in the appropriate office of the Bureau of Land Management, 
regardless of whether it was in fact received by him. An offer of 
delivery which cannot be consummated at such last address of record 
because the addressee had moved therefrom without leaving a forwarding 
address or because delivery was refused or because no such address 
exists will meet the requirements of this section where the attempt to 
deliver is substantiated by post office authorities.



Sec. 1810.3  Effect of laches; authority to bind government.

    (a) The authority of the United States to enforce a public right or 
protect a public interest is not vitiated or lost by acquiescence of its 
officers or agents, or by their laches, neglect of duty, failure to act, 
or delays in the performance of their duties.
    (b) The United States is not bound or estopped by the acts of its 
officers or agents when they enter into an arrangement or agreement to 
do or cause to be done what the law does not sanction or permit.
    (c) Reliance upon information or opinion of any officer, agent or 
employee or on records maintained by land offices cannot operate to vest 
any right not authorized by law.



Sec. 1810.4  Information required by forms.

    Whenever a regulation in this chapter requires a form approved or 
prescribed by the Director of the Bureau of Land Management, the 
Director may in that form require the submission of any information 
which he considers to be necessary for the effective administration of 
that regulation.

[[Page 34]]



              Subpart 1812_Qualifications of Practitioners



Sec. 1812.1  General.



Sec. 1812.1-1  Regulations governing practice before the Department.

    Every individual who wishes to practice before the Department of the 
Interior, including the Bureau, must comply with the requirements of 
part 1 of this title.

[35 FR 9513, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 1812.1-2  Inquiries.

    No person other than officers or employees of the Department of the 
Interior shall direct any inquiry to any employee of the Bureau with 
respect to any matter pending before it other than to the head of the 
unit in which the matter is pending, to a superior officer, or to an 
employee of the unit authorized by the unit head to answer inquiries.

[35 FR 9513, June 13, 1970]



                      Subpart 1815_Disaster Relief

    Authority: Sec. 242 (a), (b), Disaster Relief Act of 1970, 84 Stat. 
1744.

    Source: 36 FR 15534, Aug. 17, 1971, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 1815.0-3  Authority.

    Disaster Relief Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1744).



Sec. 1815.0-5  Definitions.

    Major disaster means any hurricane, tornado, storm, flood, high 
water, winddriven water, tidal wave, earthquake, drought, fire, or other 
catastrophe in any part of the United States, which, in the 
determination of the President, is or threatens to be of sufficient 
severity and magnitude to warrant disaster assistance by the Federal 
Government to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, 
local governments, and relief organizations in alleviating the damage, 
loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby, and with respect to which 
the Governor of any State in which such catastrophe occurs or threatens 
to occur certifies the need for Federal disaster assistance and gives 
assurance of the expenditure of a reasonable amount of the funds of such 
State, its local governments, or other agencies for alleviating the 
damage, loss, hardship or suffering resulting from such catastrophe.



Sec. 1815.1  Timber sale contracts.



Sec. 1815.1-1  Relief granted.

    (a) Where an existing timber sale contract does not provide relief 
to the timber purchaser from major physical change, not due to 
negligence of the purchaser, prior to approval of construction of any 
section of specified road or other specified development facility and, 
as a result of a major disaster, a major physical change results in 
additional construction work in connection therewith, the United States 
will bear a share of the increased construction costs. The United 
States' share will be determined by the authorized officer as follows:
    (1) For sales of less than 1 million board feet, costs over $1,000;
    (2) For sales of from 1 to 3 million board feet, costs over the sum 
of $1 per thousand board feet;
    (3) For sales of over 3 million board feet, costs over $3,000.
    (b) Where the authorized officer determines that the damages caused 
by such major physical change are so great that restoration, 
reconstruction, or construction is not practical under this cost-sharing 
arrangement, he may cancel the timber sale contract notwithstanding any 
provisions thereof.



Sec. 1815.1-2  Applications.

    (a) Place of filing. The application for relief shall be filed in 
the office which issued the contract.
    (b) Form of application. No special form of application is 
necessary.
    (c) Contents of application. (1) The date of issuance of the 
contract and any identification number.
    (2) The particular disaster and its effect upon contract 
performance.
    (3) An estimate of the damages suffered.
    (4) A statement of the relief requested.
    (5) An estimate of time which will be needed to overcome the delay 
in performance caused by the disaster.

[[Page 35]]



PART 1820_APPLICATION PROCEDURES--Table of Contents




                    Subpart 1821_General Information

Sec.
1821.10 Where are BLM offices located?
1821.11 During what hours may I file an application?
1821.12 Are these the only regulations that will apply to my application 
          or other required document?
1821.13 What if the specific program regulations conflict with these 
          regulations?

                 Subpart 1822_Filing a Document with BLM

1822.10 How should my name appear on applications and other required 
          documents that I submit to BLM?
1822.11 What must I do to make an official filing with BLM?
1822.12 Where do I file my application or other required documents?
1822.13 May I file electronically?
1822.14 What if I try to file a required document on the last day of the 
          stated period for filing, but the BLM office where it is to be 
          filed is officially closed all day?
1822.15 If I miss filing a required document or payment within the 
          specified period, can BLM consider it timely filed anyway?
1822.16 Where do I file an application that involves lands under the 
          jurisdiction of more than one BLM State Office?
1822.17 When are documents considered filed simultaneously?
1822.18 How does BLM decide in which order to accept documents that are 
          simultaneously filed?

                    Subpart 1823_Payments and Refunds

1823.10 How may I make my payments to BLM?
1823.11 What is the authority for BLM issuing a refund of a payment?
1823.12 When and how may I obtain a refund?
1823.13 Is additional documentation needed when a third party requests a 
          refund?

             Subpart 1824_Publication and Posting of Notices

1824.10 What is a publication?
1824.11 How does BLM choose a newspaper in which to publish a notice?
1824.12 How many times must BLM publish a notice?
1824.13 Who pays for publication?
1824.14 Does the claimant or applicant pay for an error by the printer 
          of the paper in which the notice appears?
1824.15 What does it mean to post a notice?
1824.16 Why must I post a notice?
1824.17 If I must post a notice on the land, what are the requirements?

                      Subpart 1825_Relinquishments

1825.10 If I relinquish my interest (such as a claim or lease) in public 
          lands, am I relieved of all further responsibility associated 
          with that interest?
1825.11 When are relinquishments effective?
1825.12 When does relinquished land become available again for other 
          application or appropriation?

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552, 43 U.S.C. 2, 1201, 1733, and 1740.

    Source: 64 FR 53215, Oct. 1, 1999, unless otherwise noted.



                    Subpart 1821_General Information



Sec. 1821.10  Where are BLM offices located?

    (a) In addition to the Headquarters Office in Washington, D.C. and 
seven national level support and service centers, BLM operates 12 State 
Offices each having several subsidiary offices called Field Offices. The 
addresses of the State Offices and their respective geographical areas 
of jurisdiction are as follows:

                 State Offices and Areas of Jurisdiction

Alaska State Office, 222 West 7th Avenue, 13, Anchorage, Alaska 
99513-7599--Alaska.
Arizona State Office, One North Central Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona 85004-
2203--Arizona.
California State Office, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W-1834, Sacramento, 
California 95825-1886--California.
Colorado State Office, 2850 Youngfield Street, Lakewood, Colorado 80215-
7093-Colorado.
Eastern States Office, 7450 Boston Boulevard, Springfield, Virginia 
22153--Arkansas, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, and States east 
of the Mississippi River.
Idaho State Office, 1387 South Vinnell Way, Boise, Idaho 83709-1657--
Idaho.
Montana State Office, 5001 Southgate Drive, Billings, Montana 59101-
4669--Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota.
Nevada State Office, 1340 Financial Boulevard, Reno, Nevada 89502-7147, 
P.O. Box 12000, Reno, Nevada 89520-0006--Nevada.
New Mexico State Office, 1474 Rodeo Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505, 
P.O. Box 27115, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87502-0115--Kansas, New Mexico, 
Oklahoma, and Texas.
Oregon State Office, 333 Southwest 1st Avenue, Portland, Oregon 97204, 
P.O. Box 2965,

[[Page 36]]

Portland, Oregon 92708-3420--Oregon and Washington.
Utah State Office, 440 West 200 South, Suite 500, Salt Lake City, Utah 
84101-1345.
Wyoming State Office, 5353 Yellowstone Road, Cheyenne, Wyoming 82009, 
P.O. Box 1828, Cheyenne, Wyoming 82003--Wyoming and Nebraska.

    (b) A list of the names, addresses, and geographical areas of 
jurisdiction of all Field Offices of the Bureau of Land Management can 
be obtained at the above addresses or any office of the Bureau of Land 
Management, including the Washington Office, Bureau of Land Management, 
1849 C Street, NW, Washington, DC 20240.

[64 FR 53215, Oct. 1, 1999, as amended at 66 FR 28672, May 24, 2001; 67 
FR 30329, May 6, 2002; 68 FR 18554, Apr. 16, 2003; 70 FR 45313, Aug. 5, 
2005; 70 FR 69688, Nov. 17, 2005; 71 FR 10846, Mar. 3, 2006; 72 FR 6480, 
Feb. 12, 2007]



Sec. 1821.11  During what hours may I file an application?

    You may file applications or other documents or inspect official 
records during BLM office hours. Each BLM office will prominently 
display a notice of the hours during which that particular office will 
be open. Except for offices which are open periodically, for example, 
every Wednesday or the 3rd Wednesday of the month, all offices will be 
open Monday through Friday, excluding Federal holidays, at least from 9 
a.m. to 3 p.m., local time.



Sec. 1821.12  Are these the only regulations that will apply to my application or other required document?

    No. These general regulations are supplemented by specific program 
regulations. You should consult the regulations applying to the specific 
program.



Sec. 1821.13  What if the specific program regulations conflict with these regulations?

    If there is a conflict, the specific program regulations will govern 
and the conflicting portion of these regulations will not apply.



                 Subpart 1822_Filing a Document with BLM



Sec. 1822.10  How should my name appear on applications and other required
documents that I submit to BLM?

    Your legal name and current address should appear on your 
application and other required documents.



Sec. 1822.11  What must I do to make an official filing with BLM?

    You must file your application and any other required documents 
during regular office hours at the appropriate BLM office having 
jurisdiction over the lands or records involved. You must file any 
document with BLM through personal delivery or by mailing via the United 
States Postal Service or other delivery service, except for those 
applications that may be filed electronically under Sec. 1822.13, 
unless a more specific regulation or law specifies the mode of delivery. 
The date of mailing is not the date of filing.



Sec. 1822.12  Where do I file my application or other required documents?

    You should file your application or other required documents at the 
BLM office having jurisdiction over the lands or records involved. The 
specific BLM office where you are to file your application is usually 
referenced in the BLM regulations which pertain to the filing you are 
making. If the regulations do not name the specific office, or if you 
have questions as to where you should file your application or other 
required documents, contact your local BLM office for information and we 
will tell you which BLM office to file your application.



Sec. 1822.13  May I file electronically?

    For certain types of applications, BLM will accept your electronic 
filing if an original signature is not required. If BLM requires your 
signature, you must file your application or document by delivery or by 
mailing. If you have any questions regarding which types of applications 
can be electronically filed, you should check with the BLM office where 
you intend to file your application. When you file an application 
electronically, it will not be considered filed until BLM receives it.

[[Page 37]]



Sec. 1822.14  What if I try to file a required document on the last day of the stated
period for filing, but the BLM office where it is to be filed is 

          officially closed all day?

    BLM considers the document timely filed if we receive it in the 
office on the next day it is officially open.



Sec. 1822.15  If I miss filing a required document or payment within the 
specified period, can BLM consider it timely filed anyway?

    BLM may consider it timely filed if:
    (a) The law does not prohibit BLM from doing so;
    (b) No other BLM regulation prohibits doing so; and
    (c) No intervening third party interests or rights have been created 
or established during the intervening period.



Sec. 1822.16  Where do I file an application that involves lands under the 
jurisdiction of more than one BLM State Office?

    You may file your application with any BLM State Office having 
jurisdiction over the subject lands. You should consult the regulations 
of the particular BLM resource program involved for more specific 
information.



Sec. 1822.17  When are documents considered filed simultaneously?

    (a) BLM considers two or more documents simultaneously filed when:
    (1) They are received at the appropriate BLM office on the same day 
and time; or
    (2) They are filed in conjunction with an order that specifies that 
documents received by the appropriate office during a specified period 
of time will be considered as simultaneously filed.
    (b) An application or document that arrives at the BLM office where 
it is to be filed when the office is closed for the entire day will be 
considered as filed on the day and hour the office next officially 
opens.
    (c) Nothing in this provision will deny any preference right granted 
by applicable law or regulation or validate a document which is invalid 
under applicable law or regulation.



Sec. 1822.18  How does BLM decide in which order to accept documents that are simultaneously filed?

    BLM makes this decision by a drawing open to the public.



                    Subpart 1823_Payments and Refunds



Sec. 1823.10  How may I make my payments to BLM?

    Unless specific regulations provide otherwise, you may pay by:
    (a) United States currency; or
    (b) Checks, money orders, or bank drafts made payable to the Bureau 
of Land Management; or
    (c) Visa or Master Card credit charge, except as specified by 
pertinent regulation(s).



Sec. 1823.11  What is the authority for BLM issuing a refund of a payment?

    BLM can issue you a refund under the authority of section 304(c) of 
the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, 43 U.S.C. 1734.



Sec. 1823.12  When and how may I obtain a refund?

    (a) In making a payment to BLM, if the funds or fees you submitted 
to BLM exceed the amount required or if the regulations provide that 
fees submitted to BLM must be returned in certain situations, you may be 
entitled to a full or partial refund.
    (b) If you believe you are due a refund, you may request it from the 
BLM office where you previously submitted your payment. You should state 
the reasons you believe you are entitled to a refund and include a copy 
of the appropriate receipt, canceled check, or other relevant documents.



Sec. 1823.13  Is additional documentation needed when a third party requests a refund?

    Yes. When refund requests are made by heirs, executors, 
administrators, assignees, or mortgagees, BLM may require additional 
documentation sufficient to establish your entitlement to a refund. If 
you are an heir, executor, administrator, assignee or mortgagee, you 
should contact the BLM office

[[Page 38]]

where you will file your refund application for information regarding 
appropriate documentation.



             Subpart 1824_Publication and posting of notices



Sec. 1824.10  What is publication?

    Publication means publishing a notice announcing an event or a 
proposed action in the Federal Register, a local newspaper of 
established character and general circulation in the vicinity of the 
land affected or other appropriate periodical. BLM's purpose in 
publishing or requiring the publication of such information is to advise 
you and other interested parties that some action will occur and that 
the public is invited either to participate or to comment.



Sec. 1824.11  How does BLM choose a newspaper in which to publish a notice?

    BLM bases its choice of newspapers on their reputation and frequency 
and level of circulation in the vicinity of the public or private lands 
involved.



Sec. 1824.12  How many times must BLM publish a notice?

    The number of times that BLM will publish or cause to be published a 
notice depends on the publication requirements for the particular action 
involved. You should see the applicable law and the regulations 
governing specific BLM resource programs for information on the 
requirements for publication for a particular action.



Sec. 1824.13  Who pays for publication?

    The cost of publication is the responsibility of the claimant or 
applicant.



Sec. 1824.14  Does the claimant or applicant pay for an error by the printer of the paper in which the notice appears?

    No. The claimant or applicant is not responsible for costs involved 
in correcting an error by the printer.



Sec. 1824.15  What does it mean to post a notice?

    Posting a notice is similar to publishing a notice except that the 
notice is displayed at the appropriate BLM office, local courthouse or 
similar prominent local government building or on a prominent fixture 
such as a building, tree or post located on the particular public lands 
involved.



Sec. 1824.16  Why must I post a notice?

    The posting of a notice informs those persons who may be interested 
in the lands or resources described, who have relevant information to 
provide, or who may wish to oppose the proposal.



Sec. 1824.17  If I must post a notice on the land, what are the requirements?

    The posted notice must be visible throughout the time period for 
posting specified in the regulations governing the relevant program. BLM 
or its regulations may require additional posting, such as in a post 
office or city hall. For any additional posting requirements, you should 
see applicable Federal and State law, the regulations of the particular 
BLM resource program and any additional BLM requirements associated with 
your application.



                      Subpart 1825_Relinquishments



Sec. 1825.10  If I relinquish my interest (such as a claim or lease) in public 
lands, am I relieved of all further responsibility associated with that 

          interest?

    No. You are still responsible for fulfilling any regulatory, 
statutory, lease, permit and other contractual obligations that apply, 
such as performance of reclamation and payment of rentals accruing 
before the time of relinquishment. You should see the regulations 
relating to the specific BLM resource program involved for more detailed 
information.



Sec. 1825.11  When are relinquishments effective?

    Generally, BLM considers a relinquishment to be effective when it is 
received, along with any required fee, in the BLM office having 
jurisdiction of the lands being relinquished. However, the specific 
program regulations govern effectiveness of relinquishments.

[[Page 39]]



Sec. 1825.12  When does relinquished land become available again for other
application or appropriation?

    Relinquished land may not again become available until BLM notes the 
filed relinquishment of an interest on the land records maintained by 
the BLM office having jurisdiction over the lands involved. If you have 
any questions regarding the availability of a particular tract of land, 
you should contact the BLM office having jurisdiction over the lands or 
records.



PART 1840_APPEALS PROCEDURES--Table of Contents




    Authority: R.S. 2478, as amended; 43 U.S.C. 1201.



Sec. 1840.1  Cross reference.

    For special procedural rules applicable to appeals from decisions of 
Bureau of Land Management officers or of administrative law judges, 
within the jurisdiction of the Board of Land Appeals, Office of Hearings 
and Appeals, see subpart E of part 4 of this title. Subpart A of part 4 
and all of the general rules in subpart B of part 4 of this title not 
inconsistent with the special rules in subpart E of part 4 of this title 
are also applicable to such appeals procedures.

[36 FR 15119, Aug. 13, 1971]



PART 1850_HEARINGS PROCEDURES--Table of Contents






                Subpart 1850_Hearing Procedures; General

    Authority: R.S. 2478, as amended; 43 U.S.C. 1201.



Sec. 1850.1  Cross reference.

    For special procedural rules applicable to hearings in public lands 
cases, including hearings under the Federal Range Code for Grazing 
Districts and hearings in both Government and private contest 
proceedings, within the jurisdiction of the Board of Land Appeals, 
Office of Hearings and Appeals, see subpart E of part 4 of this title. 
Subpart A of part 4 and all of the general rules in subpart B of part 4 
of this title not inconsistent with the special rules in subpart E of 
part 4 of this title are also applicable to such hearings, contest, and 
protest procedures.

[36 FR 15119, Aug. 13, 1971]



PART 1860_CONVEYANCES, DISCLAIMERS AND CORRECTION DOCUMENTS--
Table of Contents




Subpart 1862 [Reserved]

                  Subpart 1863_Other Title Conveyances

Sec.
1863.5 Title transfer to the Government.
1863.5-1 Evidence of title.

         Subpart 1864_Recordable Disclaimers of Interest in Land

1864.0-1 Purpose.
1864.0-2 Objectives.
1864.0-3 Authority.
1864.0-5 Definitions.
1864.1 Application for issuance of a document of disclaimer.
1864.1-1 Filing of application.
1864.1-2 Form of application.
1864.1-3 Action on application.
1864.1-4 Consultation with other Federal agencies.
1864.2 Decision on application.
1864.3 Issuance of document of disclaimer.
1864.4 Appeals.

            Subpart 1865_Correction of Conveyancing Documents

1865.0-1 Purpose.
1865.0-2 Objective.
1865.0-3 Authority.
1865.0-5 Definitions.
1865.1 Application for correction of conveyancing documents.
1865.1-1 Filing of application.
1865.1-2 Form of application.
1865.1-3 Action on application.
1865.2 Issuance of corrected patent or document of conveyance.
1865.3 Issuance of patent or document of conveyance on motion of 
          authorized officer.
1865.4 Appeals.

Subpart 1862 [Reserved]



                  Subpart 1863_Other Title Conveyances

    Authority: R.S. 2478; 43 U.S.C. 1201.

[[Page 40]]



Sec. 1863.5  Title transfer to the Government.



Sec. 1863.5-1  Evidence of title.

    Evidence of title, when required by the regulations, must be 
submitted in such form and by such abstracter or company as may be 
satisfactory to the Bureau of Land Management. A policy of title 
insurance, or a certificate of title, may be accepted in lieu of an 
abstract, in proper cases, when issued by a title company. A policy of 
title insurance when furnished must be free from conditions and 
stipulations not acceptable to the Department of the Interior. A 
certificate of title will be accepted only where the certificate is made 
to the Government, or expressly for its benefit and where the interests 
of the Government will be sufficiently protected thereby.

[35 FR 9533, June 13, 1970]

    Cross Reference: For evidence of title in mining cases, see Sec. 
3862.1-3 of this chapter.



         Subpart 1864_Recordable Disclaimers of Interest in Land

    Source: 49 FR 35297, Sept. 6, 1984, unless otherwise noted.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1201, 1740, and 1745.



Sec. 1864.0-1  Purpose.

    The Secretary of the Interior has been granted discretionary 
authority by section 315 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act 
of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1745) to issue recordable disclaimers of interests in 
lands. In general, a disclaimer may be issued if the disclaimer will 
help remove a cloud on the title to lands and there is a determination 
that such lands are not lands of the United States or that the United 
States does not hold a valid interest in the lands. These regulations 
implement this statutory authority of the Secretary.



Sec. 1864.0-2  Objectives.

    (a) The objective of the disclaimer is to eliminate the necessity 
for court action or private legislation in those instances where the 
United States asserts no ownership or record interest, based upon a 
determination by the Secretary of the Interior that there is a cloud on 
the title to the lands, attributable to the United States, and that:
    (1) A record interest of the United States in lands has terminated 
by operation of law or is otherwise invalid; or
    (2) The lands lying between the meander line shown on a plat of 
survey approved by the Bureau of Land Management or its predecessors and 
the actual shoreline of a body of water are not lands of the United 
States; or
    (3) Accreted, relicted, or avulsed lands are not lands of the United 
States.
    (b) A disclaimer has the same effect as a quitclaim deed in that it 
operates to estop the United States from asserting a claim to an 
interest in or the ownership of lands that are being disclaimed. 
However, a disclaimer does not grant, convey, transfer, remise, 
quitclaim, release or renounce any title or interest in lands, nor does 
it operate to release or discharge any tax, judgement or other lien, or 
any other mortgage, deed or trust or other security interest in lands 
that are held by or for the benefit of the United States or any 
instrumentality of the United States.
    (c) The regulations in this subpart do not apply to any disclaimer, 
release, quitclaim or other similar instrument or declaration, that may 
be issued pursuant to any provision of law other than section 315 of the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1745).



Sec. 1864.0-3  Authority.

    Section 315 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 
(43 U.S.C. 1745), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to issue a 
recordable disclaimer, where the disclaimer will help remove a cloud on 
the title of such lands, if certain determinations are made and 
conditions are met.



Sec. 1864.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority to perform the duties 
described in this subpart.
    (b) Accreted lands have the meaning imparted to them by applicable 
law. In

[[Page 41]]

general, they are lands that have been gradually and imperceptibly 
formed along the banks of a body of water by deposition of water-borne 
soil.
    (c) Avulsed lands have the meaning imparted to them by applicable 
law. In general, they are lands that have been uncovered by a relatively 
sudden change in alignment of the channel of a river, or by a comparable 
change in some other body of water, or that remain as uplands following 
such a change, or that are located in the bed of the new channel.
    (d) Actual shoreline means the line which is washed by the water 
wherever it covers the bed of a body of water at its mean high water 
level.
    (e) Lands means lands and interests in lands now or formerly forming 
a part of the reserved or unreserved public lands of the contiguous 48 
States and Alaska and as to any coastal State, includes submerged lands 
inside of the seaward boundary of the State.
    (f) Meander line means a survey line established for the purpose of 
representing the location of the actual shoreline of a permanent natural 
body of water, without showing all the details of its windings and 
irregularities. A meander line rarely runs straight for any substantial 
distance. It is established not as a boundary line but in order to 
permit calculation of the quantity of lands in the fractional sections 
remaining after segregation of the water area.
    (g) Relicted lands have the meaning imparted that term by applicable 
law. In general, they are lands gradually uncovered when water recedes 
permanently.
    (h) State means ``the state and any of its creations including any 
governmental instrumentality within a state, including cities, counties, 
or other official local governmental entities.''

[49 FR 35299, Sept. 6, 1984, as amended at 68 FR 502, Jan. 6, 2003]



Sec. 1864.1  Application for issuance of a document of disclaimer.



Sec. 1864.1-1  Filing of application.

    (a) Any entity claiming title to lands may file an application to 
have a disclaimer of interest issued if there is reason to believe that 
a cloud exists on the title to the lands as a result of a claim or 
potential claim of the United States and that such lands are not subject 
to any valid claim of the United States.
    (b) Before you actually file an application you should meet with BLM 
to determine if the regulations in this subpart apply to you.
    (c) You must file your application for a disclaimer of interest with 
the proper BLM office as listed in Sec. 1821.10 of this title.

[68 FR 502, Jan. 6, 2003]



Sec. 1864.1-2  Form of application.

    (a) No specific form of application is required.
    (b) A nonrefundable fee of $100 shall accompany the application.
    (c) Each application shall include:
    (1) A legal description of the lands for which a disclaimer is 
sought. The legal description shall be based on either an official 
United States public land survey or, in the absence of or 
inappropriateness (irregularly shaped tracts) of an offical public land 
survey, a metes and bounds survey (whenever practicable, tied to the 
nearest corner of an official public land survey), duly certified in 
accordance with State law, by the licensed civil engineer or surveyor 
who executed or supervised the execution of the metes and bounds survey. 
A true copy of the field notes and plat of survey shall be attached to 
and made a part of the application. If reliance is placed in whole or in 
part on an official United States public land survey, such survey shall 
be adequately identified for record retrieval purposes;
    (2) The applicant's name, mailing address, and telephone number and 
the names addresses and telephone numbers of others known or believed to 
have or claim an interest in the lands;
    (3) All documents which show to the satisfaction of the authorized 
officer the applicant's title to the lands;
    (4) As complete a statement as possible concerning:
    (i) The nature and extent of the cloud on the title, and
    (ii) The reasons the applicant believes:
    (A) The record title interest of the United States in the lands 
included in

[[Page 42]]

the application has terminated by operation of law or is otherwise 
invalid, including a copy or legal citation of relevant provisions of 
law; or
    (B) The lands between the meander line shown on the plat of survey 
approved by the Bureau of Land Management or its predecessors and the 
actual shoreline of a body of water are not lands of the United States, 
including as documentation an official plat of survey or a reference to 
a date of filing or approval and, if the applicant elects, any non-
Federal survey plats related to the issue; or
    (C) The lands are accreted, relicted or avulsed and are no longer 
lands of the United States, including submission for the uplands portion 
of the body of water affected a copy of an official plat of survey or a 
reference to it by date of filing or approval and, if the applicant 
elects, any non-Federal survey plats related to the issue;
    (5) Any available documents or title evidence, such as historical 
and current maps, photographs, and water movement data, that support the 
application;
    (6) The name, mailing address, and telephone number of any known 
adverse claimant or occupant of the lands included in the application;
    (7) Any request the applicant may have that the disclaimer be issued 
in a particular form suitable for use in the jurisdiction in which it 
will be recorded; and
    (d) Based on prior discussions with the applicant, the authorized 
officer may waive any or all of the aforementioned items if in his/her 
opinion they are not needed to properly adjudicate that application.



Sec. 1864.1-3  Action on application.

    (a) BLM will not approve an application, except for applications 
filed by a state, if more than 12 years have elapsed since the applicant 
knew, or should have known, of the claim of the United States.
    (b) BLM will not approve an application if:
    (1) The application pertains to a security interest or water rights; 
or
    (2) The application pertains to trust or restricted Indian lands.
    (c) BLM will, if the application meets the requirements for further 
processing, determine the amount of deposit we need to cover the 
administrative costs of processing the application and issuing a 
disclaimer.
    (d) The applicant must submit a deposit in the amount BLM 
determines.
    (e) If the application includes what may be omitted lands, BLM will 
process it in accordance with the applicable provisions of part 9180 of 
this title. If BLM determines the application involves omitted lands, 
BLM will notify the applicant in writing.

[68 FR 502, Jan. 6, 2003]



Sec. 1864.1-4  Consultation with other Federal agencies.

    BLM will not issue a recordable disclaimer of interest over the 
valid objection of another land managing agency having administrative 
jurisdiction over the affected lands. A valid objection must present a 
sustainable rationale that the objecting agency claims United States 
title to the lands for which a recordable disclaimer is sought.

[68 FR 503, Jan. 6, 2003]



Sec. 1864.2  Decision on application.

    (a) The authorized officer shall notify the applicant and any party 
adverse to the application, in writing, on the determination of the 
authorized officer on whether or not to issue a disclaimer. Prior to 
such notification, the authorized officer shall issue to the applicant a 
billing that includes a full and complete statement of the cost incurred 
in reaching such determination, including any sum due the United States 
or that may be unexpended from the deposit made by the applicant. If the 
administrative costs exceed the amount of the deposit required of the 
applicant under this subpart, the applicant shall be informed that a 
payment is required for the difference between the actual costs and the 
deposit. The notification shall also require that payment be made within 
120 days from the date of mailing of the notice. If the deposit exceeds 
the administrative costs of issuing the disclaimer, the applicant shall 
be informed that a credit for or a refund of the excess will be

[[Page 43]]

made. Failure to pay the required amount within the allotted time shall 
constitute grounds for rejection of the application. Before the 
authorized officer makes a determination to issue a disclaimer, he/she 
shall publish notice of the application, including the grounds 
supporting it, in the Federal Register. Publication in the Federal 
Register shall be made at least 90 days preceding the issuance of a 
decision on the disclaimer. Notice shall be published in a newspaper 
located in the vicinity of the lands covered by the application once a 
week for 3 consecutive weeks during the 90-day period set out herein. 
Neither publication shall be made until the applicant has paid the 
administrative costs.



Sec. 1864.3  Issuance of document of disclaimer.

    Upon receipt of the payment required by Sec. Sec. 1864.1-2(b), 
1864.1-3(c) and 1864.2 of this title and following, by not less than 90 
days, the publication required by Sec. 1864.2 of this title, the 
authorized officer shall make a decision upon the application, and if 
the application is allowed, shall issued to the applicant an instrument 
of disclaimer.



Sec. 1864.4  Appeals.

    An applicant or claimant adversely affected by a written decision of 
the authorized officer made pursuant to the provisions of this subpart 
shall have a right of appeal pursuant to 43 CFR part 4.



            Subpart 1865_Correction of Conveyancing Documents

    Source: 49 FR 35299, Sept. 6, 1984, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 1865.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of these regulations is to implement section 316 of the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1746), which 
affords to the Secretary of the Interior discretionary authority to 
correct errors in patents and other documents of conveyance pertaining 
to the disposal of the public lands of the United States under laws 
administered through the Bureau of Land Management or its predecessors.



Sec. 1865.0-2  Objective.

    The objective of a correction document is to eliminate from the 
chain of title errors in patents or other documents of conveyance that 
have been issued by the United States under laws administered by the 
Bureau of Land Management or its predecessors and that pertain to the 
disposal of the public lands or of an interest therein.



Sec. 1865.0-3  Authority.

    Section 316 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 
(43 U.S.C. 1746) authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to correct 
patents and other documents of conveyance issued at any time pursuant to 
the laws relating to the disposal of the public lands where the 
Secretary of the Interior deems it necessary or appropriate to do so in 
order to eliminate errors.



Sec. 1865.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management to whom has been delegated the authority to perform the 
duties described in this subpart.
    (b) Error means the inclusion of erroneous descriptions, terms, 
conditions, covenants, reservations, provisions and names or the 
omission of requisite descriptions, terms, conditions, covenants, 
reservations, provisions and names either in their entirety or in part, 
in a patent or document of conveyance as a result of factual error. This 
term is limited to mistakes of fact and not of law.
    (c) Patents or other documents of conveyance means a land patent, a 
deed or some other similar instrument in the chain of title to realty 
that has been issued by the United States under laws administered by the 
Bureau of Land Management or its predecessors pertaining to the disposal 
of the public lands of the United States or of an interest therein. It 
also includes interim conveyances issued under the Alaska Native Claims 
Settlement Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and approvals and 
tentative approvals issued under the Act of July 7, 1958, as amended (72 
Stat. 339).
    (d) Lands mean lands or interest in lands.

[[Page 44]]



Sec. 1865.1  Application for correction of conveyancing documents.



Sec. 1865.1-1  Filing of application.

    (a) Any claimant asserting ownership of lands described in and based 
upon a patent or other document of conveyance containing an alleged 
error may file an application to correct the alleged error.
    (b) An application shall be filed in writing with the proper Bureau 
of Land Management office as listed in Sec. 1821.2-1(d) of this title.



Sec. 1865.1-2  Form of application.

    (a) No specific form of application is required.
    (b) A non-refundable fee of $100 shall accompany the application.
    (c) Each application shall include:
    (1) The name, mailing address, and telephone number of the applicant 
and any others known to the applicant that hold or purport to hold any 
title or other interest in, lien on or claim to the lands described in 
the patent or other document of conveyance containing the alleged error 
as to which the corrective action is requested, and if the error 
involves a misdescription, the land that would be affected by the 
corrective action requested;
    (2) All documents which show the applicant's title to the lands 
included in the application;
    (3) A certified copy of any patent or other document conveying any 
lands included in the application to the applicant or predecessor(s) in 
interest; and
    (4) As complete a statement as possible concerning:
    (i) The nature and extent of the error;
    (ii) The manner in which the error can be corrected or eliminated; 
and
    (iii) The form in which it is recommended the corrected patent or 
document of conveyance be issued.



Sec. 1865.1-3  Action on application.

    The authorized officer, upon review of the factual data and 
information submitted with the application, and upon a finding that an 
error was made in the patent or document of conveyance and that the 
requested relief is warranted and appropriate, shall give written 
notification to the applicant and make a reasonable effort to give 
written notification to any others known to have or believed to have or 
claim an interest in the lands that a corrected patent or document of 
conveyance shall be issued. The notification shall include a description 
of how the error is to be corrected or eliminated in the patent or 
document of conveyance. The notice shall require the applicant to 
surrender the original patent or other document of conveyance to be 
corrected. Where such original document is unavailable, a statement 
setting forth the reasons for its unavailability shall be submitted in 
lieu of the original document. The notice may include a requirement for 
quitclaiming to the United States the lands erroneously included, and 
shall specify any terms and conditions required for the quitclaim.



Sec. 1865.2  Issuance of corrected patent or document of conveyance.

    Upon the authorized officer's determination that all of the 
requirements of the Act for issuance of a corrected patent or document 
of conveyance have been met, the authorized officer shall issue a 
corrected patent or document of conveyance.



Sec. 1865.3  Issuance of patent or document of conveyance on motion
of authorized officer.

    The authorized officer may initiate and make corrections in patents 
or other documents of conveyance on his/her own motion, if all existing 
owners agree.



Sec. 1865.4  Appeals.

    An applicant or claimant adversely affected by a decision of the 
authorized officer made pursuant to the provisions of this subpart shall 
have a right of appeal pursuant to 43 CFR part 4.



PART 1870_ADJUDICATION PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES--Table of Contents




                         Subpart 1871_Principles

Sec.
1871.0-3 Authority.
1871.1 Equitable adjudication.
1871.1-1 Cases subject to equitable adjudication.


[[Page 45]]


    Authority: R.S. 2450; 43 U.S.C. 1161.

    Source: 35 FR 9533, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



                         Subpart 1871_Principles



Sec. 1871.0-3  Authority.

    The Act of September 20, 1922 (42 Stat. 857; 43 U.S.C. 1161-1163), 
as modified by section 403 of Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1946 (60 
Stat. 1100), reads as follows:
    Sec. 1161. The Secretary of the Interior, or such officer as he may 
designate, is authorized to decide upon principles of equity and 
justice, as recognized in courts of equity, and in accordance with 
regulations to be approved by the Secretary of the Interior, 
consistently with such principles, all cases of suspended entries of 
public lands and of suspended preemption land claims, and to adjudge in 
what cases patents shall issue upon the same.
    Sec. 1162. Every such adjudication shall be approved by the 
Secretary of the Interior and shall operate only to divest the United 
States of the title to the land embraced thereby, without prejudice to 
the rights of conflicting claimants.
    Sec. 1163. Where patents have been already issued on entries which 
are approved by the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of the 
Interior, or such officer as he may designate, upon the canceling of the 
outstanding patent, is authorized to issue a new patent, on such 
approval, to the person who made the entry, his heirs or assigns.



Sec. 1871.1  Equitable adjudication.



Sec. 1871.1-1  Cases subject to equitable adjudication.

    The cases subject to equitable adjudication by the Director, Bureau 
of Land Management, cover the following:
    (a) Substantial compliance: All classes of entries in connection 
with which the law has been substantially complied with and legal notice 
given, but the necessary citizenship status not acquired, sufficient 
proof not submitted, or full compliance with law not effected within the 
period authorized by law, or where the final proof testimony, or 
affidavits of the entryman or claimant were executed before an officer 
duly authorized to administer oaths but outside the county or land 
district, in which the land is situated, and special cases deemed proper 
by the Director, Bureau of Land Management, where the error or 
informality is satisfactorily explained as being the result of 
ignorance, mistake, or some obstacle over which the party had no 
control, or any other sufficient reason not indicating bad faith there 
being no lawful adverse claim.



PART 1880_FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS--Table of Contents




          Subpart 1882_Mineral Development Impact Relief Loans

Sec.
1882.0-1 Purpose.
1882.0-2 Objective.
1882.0-3 Authority.
1882.0-5 Definitions.
1882.1 Loan fund, general.
1882.2 Qualifications.
1882.3 Application procedures.
1882.4 Allocation of funds.
1882.5 Terms and conditions.
1882.5-1 Tenure of loan.
1882.5-2 Interest rate.
1882.5-3 Limitation on amount of loans.
1882.5-4 Loan repayment.
1882.5-5 Security for a loan.
1882.5-6 Use of loan.
1882.5-7 Nondiscrimination.
1882.5-8 Additional terms and conditions.
1882.6 Loan renegotiation.
1882.7 Inspection and audit.



          Subpart 1882_Mineral Development Impact Relief Loans

    Authority: Sec. 317(c), Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1740) (90 Stat. 2767).

    Source: 43 FR 57887, Dec. 11, 1978, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 1882.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of this subpart is to establish procedures to be 
followed in the implementation of a program under section 317 of the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act to make loans to qualified States 
and their political subdivisions.



Sec. 1882.0-2  Objective.

    The objective of the program is to provide financial relief through 
loans to those States and their political subdivisions that are 
experiencing adverse social and economic impacts as a result of the 
development of Federal

[[Page 46]]

mineral deposits leased under the provisions of the Act of February 25, 
1920, as amended.



Sec. 1882.0-3  Authority.

    Section 317(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1744), authorizes the Secretary of the 
Interior to make loans to States and their political subdivisions to 
relieve social or economic impacts resulting from the development of 
Federal minerals leased under the Act of February 25, 1920 (30 U.S.C. 
181 et seq.).



Sec. 1882.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.
    (b) Director means the Director, Bureau of Land Management.
    (c) Act means the Act of February 25, 1920, as amended (30 U.S.C. 
181).



Sec. 1882.1  Loan fund, general.

    Funds appropriated by Congress for loans for relief of adverse 
social and economic impacts resulting from the development of Federal 
mineral deposits leased and developed under the Act may be loaned to 
those States and their political subdivisions who qualify under this 
subpart. Such loans may be used for: (a) Planning, (b) construction and 
maintenance of public facilities, and (c) provisions for public 
services.



Sec. 1882.2  Qualifications.

    (a) Any State receiving payments from the Federal Government under 
the provisions of section 35 of the Act or any political subdivision of 
such a State that can document to the satisfaction of the Director that 
it has suffered or will suffer adverse social and economic impacts as a 
result of the leasing and development of Federal mineral deposits under 
the provisions of the Act shall be considered qualified to receive loans 
made under this subpart.
    (b) A loan to a qualified political subdivision of a State receiving 
payment from the Federal Government under the provisions of section 35 
of the Act shall be conditioned upon a showing of proof, satisfactory to 
the Director, by the political subdivision that it has legal authority 
to pledge funds payable to the State under section 35 of the Act in 
sufficient amounts to secure the payment of the loan.



Sec. 1882.3  Application procedures.

    No later than October 1 of the fiscal year in which a loan is to be 
made, the State or its political subdivision shall submit to the 
Director a letter signed by the authorized agent requesting a loan. The 
authorized agent shall furnish proof of authority to act for the State 
or political subdivision with the application. Such letter shall 
constitute a formal application for a loan under this subpart and shall 
contain the following:
    (a) The name of the State or political subdivision requesting the 
loan.
    (b) The amount of the loan requested.
    (c) The name, address, and position of the person in the State or 
political subdivision who is to serve as contact on all matters 
concerning the loan.
    (d) A description and documentation of the adverse social and 
economic impacts suffered as a result of the leasing and development of 
Federal mineral deposits.
    (e) An analysis and documentation of the additional expenses 
generated as a result of the leasing and development of Federal 
minerals.
    (f) Proposed uses of the funds derived from the loan.
    (g) Evidence that the loan and repayment provisions are authorized 
by State law.
    (h) The Director may request any additional information from the 
applicant that is needed to properly act on the loan application. The 
applicant shall furnish such additional information in any form 
acceptable to the applicant and the Director. No loan shall be granted 
unless such additional information is timely received by the Director.



Sec. 1882.4  Allocation of funds.

    If applications for loans exceed the funds appropriated for such 
purpose, loans shall be allocated among the States and their political 
subdivisions in a fair and equitable manner, after consultation with the 
Governors of the affected States, giving priority to those States and 
political subdivisions

[[Page 47]]

suffering the most severe social and economic impacts. The allocation of 
funds under this section shall be the final action of the Department of 
the Interior.



Sec. 1882.5  Terms and conditions.



Sec. 1882.5-1  Tenure of loan.

    Loans shall be for a period not to exceed 10 years. Loan documents 
shall include a schedule of repayment showing the amount of the 
principal and interest due on each installment.



Sec. 1882.5-2  Interest rate.

    Loans shall bear interest at a rate equivalent to the lowest 
interest rate paid on an issue of at least $1 million of bonds exempt 
from Federal taxes of the applicant State or any agency thereof within 
the calendar year immediately preceding the year of the loan. Proof of 
each rate shall be furnished by an applicant with its application.



Sec. 1882.5-3  Limitation on amount of loans.

    Total outstanding loans under this program for qualified States or 
their political subdivisions shall not exceed the total amount of the 
qualified State's projected mineral revenues under the Act for the 10 
years following. The total outstanding loans shall be the sum of the 
unpaid balance on all such loans made to a qualified State and all of 
its qualified political subdivisions.



Sec. 1882.5-4  Loan repayment.

    Loan repayment shall be by withholding mineral revenues payable to 
the qualified State for itself or its political subdivisions under the 
Act until the full amount of the loan and interest have been recovered.



Sec. 1882.5-5  Security for a loan.

    The only security for loans made under this subpart shall be the 
mineral revenues received by a qualified State or its political 
subdivisions under the Act. Loans made under this subpart shall not 
constitute an obligation upon the general property or taxing authority 
of the qualified recipient.



Sec. 1882.5-6  Use of loan.

    A loan made under this subpart may be used for the non-Federal share 
of the aggregate cost of any project or program otherwise funded by the 
Federal Government which requires a non-Federal share for such project 
or program and which provides planning or public facilities otherwise 
eligible for assistance under the Act.



Sec. 1882.5-7  Nondiscrimination.

    No person shall, on the grounds of race, color, religion, national 
origin or sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits 
of or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity 
funded in whole or part with funds made available under this subpart.



Sec. 1882.5-8  Additional terms and conditions.

    The Director may impose any terms and conditions that he determines 
necessary to assure the achievement of the purpose of the loans made 
under this subsection.



Sec. 1882.6  Loan renegotiation.

    The Secretary may, upon application of a qualified State or one of 
its qualified political subdivisions, take any steps he determines 
necessary and justified by the failure of anticipated mineral 
development or related revenues to materialize as expected when the loan 
was made under this subpart to renegotiate the loan, including 
restructuring of the loan. All applications submitted under this section 
shall set forth in detail the basis for the renegotiation of the loan. 
The renegotiated loan shall meet the requirements of this subpart to the 
extent possible.



Sec. 1882.7  Inspection and audit.

    Upon receipt of a loan under this subpart, the grantee of the loan 
shall establish accounts and related records necessary to record the 
transactions relating to receipt and disposition of such loan. These 
accounts and related records shall be sufficiently detailed to provide 
an adequate inspection and audit by the Secretary and the Comptroller 
General of the United States.

[[Page 48]]

The loan funds shall not be commingled with other funds of the 
recipient.

[[Page 49]]



              SUBCHAPTER B_LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000)





Group 2000_Land Resource Management; General--Table of Contents






PART 2090_SPECIAL LAWS AND RULES--Table of Contents




              Subpart 2091_Segregation and Opening of Lands

Sec.
2091.0-1 Purpose.
2091.0-3 Authority.
2091.0-5 Definitions.
2091.0-7 Principles.
2091.1 Action on applications and mining claims.
2091.2 Segregation and opening resulting from publication of a Notice of 
          Realty Action.
2091.2-1 Segregation.
2091.2-2 Opening.
2091.3 Segregation and opening resulting from a proposal or application.
2091.3-1 Segregation.
2091.3-2 Opening.
2091.4 Segregation and opening resulting from the allowance of entries, 
          leases, grants or contracts.
2091.4-1 Segregation and opening: Desert-land entries and Indian 
          allotments.
2091.4-2 Segregation and opening: Airport leases and grants.
2091.4-3 Segregation and opening: Carey Act.
2091.5 Withdrawals.
2091.5-1 Segregation of lands resulting from withdrawal applications 
          filed on or after October 21, 1976.
2091.5-2 Segregation of lands resulting from withdrawal applications 
          filed prior to October 21, 1976.
2091.5-3 Segregative effect and opening: Emergency withdrawals.
2091.5-4 Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals.
2091.5-5 Segregative effect and opening: Federal Power Act withdrawals.
2091.5-6 Congressional withdrawals and opening of lands.
2091.6 Opening of withdrawn lands: General.
2091.7 Segregation and opening of lands classified for a specific use.
2091.7-1 Segregative effect and opening: Classifications.
2091.7-2 Segregative effect and opening: Taylor Grazing Act.
2091.8 Status of gift lands.
2091.9 Segregation and opening resulting from laws specific to Alaska.
2091.9-1 Alaska Native selections.
2091.9-2 Selections by the State of Alaska.
2091.9-3 Lands in Alaska under grazing lease.

            Subpart 2094_Special Resource Values; Shore Space

2094.0-3 Authority.
2094.0-5 Definitions.
2094.1 Methods of measuring; restrictions.
2094.2 Waiver of 160-rod limitation.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1740.



              Subpart 2091_Segregation and Opening of Lands

    Source: 52 FR 12175, Apr. 15, 1987, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2091.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of this subpart is to provide a general restatement of 
the regulatory provisions in title 43 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
dealing with the segregation and opening of public lands administered by 
the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land Management and 
summarize the existing procedures covering opening and closing of lands 
as they relate to the filing of applications. The provisions of this 
subpart do not replace or supersede any provisions of title 43 covering 
opening and closing of public lands.



Sec. 2091.0-3  Authority.

    Section 2478 of the Revised Statutes (43 U.S.C. 1201), sections 2275 
and 2276 of the Revised Statutes (43 U.S.C. 851, 852), the Recreation 
and Public Purposes Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 869 et seq.), section 4 
of the Act of August 18, 1894, as amended (43 U.S.C. 641 et seq.), the 
Act of March 3, 1877 (43 U.S.C. 321-323), as amended by the Act of March 
3, 1891 (43 U.S.C. 231, 321, 323, 325, 327-329), section 4 of the 
General Allotment Act of February 8, 1887 (25 U.S.C. 334), as amended by 
the Act of February 28, 1891 (26 Stat. 794) and section 17 of the Act of 
June 25 1910 (25 U.S.C. 336), the Act of March 20, 1922, as amended (16 
U.S.C. 485), the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339-340), the Act of 
January 21, 1929, as supplemented (43 U.S.C. 852 Note), section 24 of 
the Federal Power

[[Page 50]]

Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 818), section 7 of the Act of June 28, 1934, 
as amended (43 U.S.C. 315f), the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Alaska National Interest Lands 
Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) and the Federal Land Policy 
and Management Act of 1976, as amended, (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).

[52 FR 12175, Apr. 15, 1987, as amended at 58 FR 60917, Nov. 18, 1993]



Sec. 2091.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority to perform the duties 
described in this subpart.
    (b) Segregation means the removal for a limited period, subject to 
valid existing rights, of a specified area of the public lands from the 
operation of some or all of the public land laws, including the mineral 
laws, pursuant to the exercise by the Secretary of regulatory authority 
for the orderly administration of the public lands.
    (c) Land or public lands means any lands or interest in lands owned 
by the United States within the several States and administered by the 
Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land Management, without 
regard to how the United States acquired ownership, except: (1) Lands 
located on the Outer Continental Shelf; and (2) lands held for the 
benefit of Indians, Aleuts and Eskimos.
    (d) Mineral laws means those laws applicable to the mineral 
resources administered by the Bureau of Land Management. They include, 
but are not limited to, the mining laws, the mineral leasing laws, the 
material disposal laws and the Geothermal Steam Act.
    (e) Public lands records means the Tract Books, Master Title Plats 
and Historical Indices maintained by the Bureau of Land Management, or 
automated representation of these books, plats and indices on which are 
recorded information relating to the status and availability of the 
public lands. The recorded information may include, but is not limited 
to, withdrawals, restorations, reservations, openings, classifications 
applications, segregations, leases, permits and disposals.
    (f) Opening means the restoration of a specified area of public 
lands to operation of the public land laws, including the mining laws, 
and, if appropriate, the mineral leasing laws, the material disposal 
laws and the Geothermal Steam Act, subject to valid existing rights and 
the terms and provisions of existing withdrawals, reservations, 
classifications, and management decisions. Depending on the language in 
the opening order, an opening may restore the lands to the operation of 
all or some of the public land laws.
    (g) Opening order means an order issued by the Secretary or the 
authorized officer and published in the Federal Register that describes 
the lands, the extent to which they are restored to operation of the 
public land laws and the mineral laws, and the date and time they are 
available for application, selection, sale, location, entry, claim or 
settlement under those laws.
    (h) Public land laws means that body of laws dealing with the 
administration, use and disposition of the public lands, but does not 
include the mineral laws.
    (i) Revocation means the cancellation of a Public Land Order, but 
does not restore public lands to operation of the public land laws.
    (j) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior or a secretarial 
officer subordinate to the Secretary who has been appointed by the 
President with the advice and consent of the Senate, and to whom has 
been delegated the authority of the Secretary to perform the duties 
described in this part as being performed by the Secretary.



Sec. 2091.07  Principles.

    (a) Generally, segregated lands are not available for application, 
selection, sale, location, entry, claim or settlement under the public 
land laws, including the mining laws, but may be open to the operation 
of the discretionary mineral leasing laws, the material disposal laws 
and the Geothermal Steam Act, if so specified in the document that 
segregates the lands. The segregation is subject to valid existing

[[Page 51]]

rights and is, in most cases, for a limited period which is specified in 
regulations or in the document that segregates the lands. Where there is 
an administrative appeal or review action on an application pursuant to 
part 4 or other subparts of this title, the segregative period continues 
in effect until publication of an opening order.
    (b) Opening orders may be issued at any time but are required when 
the opening date is not specified in the document creating the 
segregation, or when an action is taken to terminate the segregative 
effect and open the lands prior to the specified opening date.



Sec. 2091.1  Action on applications and mining claims.

    (a) Except where the law and regulations provide otherwise, all 
applications shall be accepted for filing. However, applications which 
are accepted for filing shall be rejected and cannot be held pending 
possible future availability of the lands or interests in lands, except 
those that apply to selections made by the State of Alaska under section 
906(e) of the Alaska National Interest Land Conservation Act and 
selections made by Alaska Native Corporations under section 3(e) of the 
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, when approval of the application is 
prevented by:
    (1) A withdrawal, reservation, classification, or management 
decision applicable to the lands;
    (2) An allowed entry or selection of lands;
    (3) A lease which grants the lessee exclusive use of the lands;
    (4) Classifications existing under appropriate law:
    (5) Segregation due to an application previously filed under 
appropriate law and regulations;
    (6) Segregation resulting from a notice of realty action previously 
published in the Federal Register under appropriate regulations; and
    (7) The fact that, for any reason, the lands have not been made 
subject to, restored or opened to operation of the public land laws, 
including the mineral laws.
    (b) Lands may not be appropriated under the mining laws prior to the 
date and time of restoration and opening. Any such attempted 
appropriation, including attempted adverse possession under 30 U.S.C. 
38, vests no rights against the United States. Actions required to 
establish a mining claim location and to initiate a right of possession 
are governed by State laws where those laws are not in conflict with 
Federal law. The Bureau of Land Management does not intervene in 
disputes between rival locators over possessory rights because Congress 
has provided for the resolution of these matters in local courts.



Sec. 2091.2  Segregation and opening resulting from publication of a Notice of Realty Action.



Sec. 2091.2-1  Segregation.

    The publication of a Notice of Realty Action in the Federal Register 
segregates lands that are available for disposal under:
    (a) The Recreation and Public Purposes Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 
869-4), for a period of 18 months (See part 2740 and subpart 2912);
    (b) The sales provisions of section 203 of the Federal Land Policy 
and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1713) for a period of 270 days 
(See part 2710). The sales provisions of section 43 CFR 2711.1-2(d) 
provide for a segregation period, not to exceed two years unless, on a 
case-by-case basis, the BLM State Director determines that the extension 
is necessary and documents, in writing, why the extension is needed. 
Such an extension will not be renewable and cannot be extended beyond 
the additional two years.

[52 FR 12175, Apr. 15, 1987, as amended at 58 FR 60917, Nov. 18, 1993; 
71 FR 67068, Nov. 20, 2006]



Sec. 2091.2-2  Opening.

    (a) The segregative effect of a Notice of Realty Action 
automatically terminates either:
    (1) At the end of the periods set out in Sec. 2091.2-1 of this 
title (See part 2740); or
    (2) As of the date specified in an opening order published in the 
Federal Register; or

[[Page 52]]

    (3) Upon issuance of a patent or other document of conveyance; 
whichever occurs first.
    (b) [Reserved]

[52 FR 12175, Apr. 15, 1987, as amended at 58 FR 60917, Nov. 18, 1993; 
65 FR 70112, Nov. 21, 2000]



Sec. 2091.3  Segregation and opening resulting from a proposal or application.



Sec. 2091.3-1  Segregation.

    (a) If a proposal is made to exchange public lands administered by 
the Bureau of Land Management or lands reserved from the public domain 
for National Forest System purposes, such lands may be segregated by a 
notation on the public land records for a period not to exceed 5 years 
from the date of notation (See 43 CFR 2201.1-2 and 36 CFR 254.6).
    (b) The filing of an application for lands for selection by a State 
(exclusive of Alaska) segregates the lands included in the application 
for a period of 2 years from the date the application is filed. (See 
subparts 2621 and 2622)
    (c) The filing of an application and publication of the notice of 
the filing of an application in the Federal Register for the purchase of 
Federally-owned mineral interests under section 209 of the Federal Land 
Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1719) segregates the lands 
for a period of 2 years from the date of the publication of the notice 
of filing of the application with the authorized officer. (See part 
2720)
    (d) The filing of an application for an airport lease under the Act 
of May 24, 1928, as amended (49 U.S.C. Appendix 211-213), or the filing 
of a request for an airport conveyance under the Airport and Airway 
Improvement Act of 1982 (49 U.S.C. 2215), segregates the lands as of the 
date of filing with the authorized officer. (See part 2640 and subpart 
2911)

[52 FR 12175, Apr. 15, 1987; 52 FR 13563, Apr. 23, 1987, as amended at 
58 FR 60917, Nov. 18, 1993]



Sec. 2091.3-2  Opening.

    (a) If a proposal or an application described in Sec. 2091.3-1 of 
this part is not denied, modified, or otherwise terminated prior to the 
end of the segregative periods set out in Sec. 2091.3-1 of this part, 
the segregative effect of the proposal or application automatically 
terminates upon the occurrence of either of the following events, 
whichever occurs first:
    (1) Issuance of a patent or other document of conveyance to the 
affected lands; or
    (2) The expiration of the applicable segregation period set out in 
Sec. 2091.3-1 of this part.
    (b) If the proposal or application described in Sec. 2091.3-1 of 
this part is denied, modified, or otherwise terminated prior to the end 
of the segregation periods, the lands shall be opened promptly by 
publication in the Federal Register of an opening order specifying the 
date and time of opening.
    (c) Subject to valid existing rights, non-Federal lands acquired 
through exchange by the United States shall be segregated automatically 
from appropriation under the public land laws and mineral laws for 90 
days after acceptance of title by the United States, and the public land 
records shall be noted accordingly. Except to the extent otherwise 
provided by law, the lands shall be open to the operation of the public 
land laws and mineral laws at midnight 90 days after the day title was 
accepted unless otherwise segregated pursuant to part 2300 of this 
title. (See 43 CFR 2201.9(b))

[58 FR 60917, Nov. 18, 1993, as amended at 65 FR 70112, Nov. 21, 2000]



Sec. 2091.4  Segregation and opening resulting from the allowance of entries,
leases, grants or contracts.



Sec. 2091.4-1  Segregation and opening: Desert-land entries and Indian allotments.

    (a) Lands covered by an application for a desert land entry or 
Indian allotment become segregated on the date of allowance or approval 
of entry or allotment by the authorized officer. (See parts 2520 and 
2530).
    (b) If an entry or allotment is cancelled or relinquished, the lands 
become open to the operation of the public land laws by publication in 
the Federal Register of an opening order

[[Page 53]]

which specifies the date and time of opening. (See parts 2520 and 2530).



Sec. 2091.4-2  Segregation and opening: Airport leases and grants.

    (a) The issuance of a lease for airport purposes under the authority 
of the Act of May 24, 1928 or a patent or document of conveyance for 
airport and airway purposes under the authority of the Act of September 
3, 1982, as amended (49 U.S.C. 2215), continues to segregate the lands. 
(See part 2640 and subpart 2911)
    (b) If an airport lease is terminated, the lands are opened by 
publication in the Federal Register of an opening order which specifies 
the date and time of opening.
    (c) The lands covered by an airport lease or grant remain open to 
the operation of the mineral leasing laws, the material disposal laws 
and the Geothermal Steam Act, but are segregated from the operation of 
the mining laws pending the issuance of such regulations as the 
Secretary may prescribe (See part 2640 and subpart 2911).



Sec. 2091.4-3  Segregation and opening: Carey Act.

    (a) For lands covered by a Carey Act grant, publication of a notice 
in the Federal Register that a contract has been signed segregates the 
lands described in the contract, as of the date of publication of a 10 
year period, from operation of the public land laws and the mineral laws 
as described in the notice. (See part 2610).
    (b) If the contract under the Carey Act is terminated, the lands are 
opened by publication in the Federal Register of an opening order which 
specifies the date and time of opening. Preference right of entry to 
Carey Act entrymen may be provided in accordance with the provisions of 
subpart 2613 of this title.



Sec. 2091.5  Withdrawals.



Sec. 2091.5-1  Segregation of lands resulting from withdrawal applications filed on or after October 21, 1976.

    (a) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of an 
application or proposal for withdrawal, as provided in subpart 2310 of 
this title, segregates the lands described in the withdrawal application 
or proposal to the extent specified in the notice. The segregative 
effect becomes effective on the date of publication and extends for a 
period of 2 years unless sooner terminated as set out below.
    (b) Segregations resulting from applications and proposals filed on 
or after October 21, 1976, terminate:
    (1) Automatically upon the expiration of a 2 year period from the 
date of publication in the Federal Register of the notice of the filing 
of an application or proposal for withdrawal;
    (2) Upon the publication in the Federal Register of a Public Land 
Order effecting the withdrawal in whole or in part;
    (3) Upon the publication in the Federal Register of a notice denying 
the withdrawal application or proposal, in whole or in part, giving the 
date and time the lands shall be open; or
    (4) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of request for 
cancellation of a withdrawal application or proposal, in whole or in 
part, giving the date and time the lands are open.



Sec. 2091.5-2  Segregation of lands resulting from withdrawal applications filed prior to October 21, 1976.

    (a)(1) Lands covered by a withdrawal application or withdrawal 
proposal filed prior to October 21, 1976, were segregated on the date 
the application was properly filed and remain segregated through October 
20, 1991, to the extent specified in notices published in the Federal 
Register, unless the segregative effect is terminated prior to that date 
in accordance with procedures in Sec. 2091.5-1 of this title.
    (2) Any amendment made to a withdrawal application filed prior to 
October 21, 1976, for the purpose of adding lands modifies the term of 
segregation for all lands covered by the amended application to conform 
with the provision of Sec. 2091.5-1 of this title.
    (b) Segregations resulting from applications filed under this 
section terminate in accordance with procedures in Sec. 2091.5-1 of 
this title.

[[Page 54]]



Sec. 2091.5-3  Segregative effect and opening: Emergency withdrawals.

    (a) When the Secretary determines that an emergency exists and 
extraordinary measures need to be taken to preserve values that would 
otherwise be lost, a withdrawal is made immediately in accordance with 
Sec. 2310.5 of this title. Emergency withdrawals are effective on the 
date the Public Land Order making the withdrawal is signed, and cannot 
exceed 3 years in duration and may not be extended.
    (b) The lands covered by an emergency withdrawal are opened 
automatically on the date of expiration of the withdrawal unless 
segregation is effected by the publication in the Federal Register of a 
notice of a withdrawal application or proposal.



Sec. 2091.5-4  Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals.

    (a) Lands covered by powersite reserves, powersite classifications, 
and powersite designations are considered withdrawn and are segregated 
from operation of the public land laws, but are not withdrawn and 
segregated from the operation of the mineral laws.
    (b) These lands may be opened to operation of the public land laws 
after a revocation or cancellation order issued by the Department of the 
Interior or after a determination to open the lands is made by the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under section 24 of the Federal 
Power Act. (See subpart 2320) Mining claims may be located on such lands 
under procedures in subpart 3730 of this title. These lands are opened 
by publication in the Federal Register of an opening order specifying 
the extent, date and time of opening.



Sec. 2091.5-5  Segregative effect and opening: Federal Power Act withdrawals.

    (a)(1) The filing of an application for a power project with the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission withdraws the lands covered by the 
application from the operation of the public land laws; however, the 
lands remain open to the location, lease or disposal of the mineral 
estate.
    (2) The issuance of a permit or license for a project by the Federal 
Energy Regulatory Commission withdraws the lands from the operation of 
the mining laws. (See part 3730).
    (b) Lands withdrawn under section 24 of the Federal Power Act remain 
withdrawn until the withdrawal is vacated and the lands opened by proper 
authority.
    (c) After a withdrawal has been vacated, the lands are opened to the 
operation of the public land laws by notation of the lands records to 
that effect.



Sec. 2091.5-6  Congressional withdrawals and opening of lands.

    (a) Congressional withdrawals become effective and are terminated as 
specified in the statute making the withdrawal. If the statute does not 
specify the date, duration and extent of segregation, the Secretary 
shall publish in the Federal Register a Public Land Order so specifying.
    (b) If the statute does not specify when and to what extent the 
lands are to be opened, the Secretary publishes in the Federal Register 
an opening order so specifying.



Sec. 2091.6  Opening of withdrawn lands: General.

    The term of a withdrawal ends upon expiration under its own terms, 
or upon revocation or termination by the Secretary by publication in the 
Federal Register of a Public Land Order. Lands included in a withdrawal 
that is revoked, terminates or expires do not automatically become open, 
but are opened through publication in the Federal Register of an opening 
order. An opening order may be incorporated in a Public Land Order that 
revokes or terminates a withdrawal or may be published in the Federal 
Register as a separate document. In each case, the opening order 
specifies the time, date and specific conditions under which the lands 
are opened. (See subpart 2310.)



Sec. 2091.7  Segregation and opening of lands classified for a specific use.



Sec. 2091.7-1  Segregative effect and opening: Classifications.

    (a)(1) Lands classified under the authority of the Recreation and 
the Public Purposes Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 869-4), and the Small 
Tract Act (43

[[Page 55]]

U.S.C. 682a) are segregated from the operation of the public land laws, 
including the mining laws, but not the mineral leasing laws, the 
material disposal laws, and the Geothermal Steam Act, except as provided 
in the notice of realty action.
    (2) Lands classified under the authority of the Classification and 
Multiple Use Act (43 U.S.C. 1411-18) are segregated to the extent 
described in the notice of classification.
    (b) The segregative effect of the classification described in Sec. 
2091.7-1 of this title terminates and the lands are opened under the 
following procedures:
    (1) Recreation and Public Purposes Act classifications; (i) Made 
after the effective date of these regulations terminate and the lands 
automatically become open at the end of the 18-month period of 
segregation specified in part 2740 of this title, unless an application 
is filed; (ii) made prior to the effective date of these regulations 
where the 18-month period of segregation specified in part 2740 of this 
title is in effect on the effective date of these regulations, expire 
and the lands automatically become open at the end of the 18-month 
period of segregation unless an application is filed; (iii) made prior 
to the effective date on these regulations where the 18-month period of 
segregation has expired prior to the effective date of these 
regulations, terminate by publication in the Federal Register of an 
opening order specifying the date and time of opening.
    (2) Small Tract Act classifications terminate by publication in the 
Federal Register of an opening order specifying the date and time of 
opening.
    (3) Classification and Multiple Use Act classification shall be 
terminated by publication in the Federal Register of an opening order 
specifying the date and time of opening.

[52 FR 12175, Apr. 15, 1987; 52 FR 36575, Sept. 30, 1987]



Sec. 2091.7-2  Segregative effect and opening: Taylor Grazing Act.

    Lands classified under section 7 of the Act of June 28, 1934, as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 315f), are segregated to the extent described in the 
classification notice. The segregative effect for Desert Land entries, 
Indian allotments, State selections (exclusive of Alaska) and Carey Act 
grants made after the effective date of these regulations remains in 
effect until terminated by publication in the Federal Register of an 
opening order specifying the date and time of opening or upon issuance 
of a patent or other document of conveyance,



Sec. 2091.8  Status of gift lands.

    Upon acceptance by the United States, through the Secretary of the 
Interior, of a deed of conveyance as a gift, the lands or interests so 
conveyed will become property of the United States but will not become 
subject to applicable land and mineral laws of this title unless and 
until an order to that effect is issued by BLM.

[62 FR 52036, Oct. 6, 1997]



Sec. 2091.9  Segregation and opening resulting from laws specific to Alaska.



Sec. 2091.9-1  Alaska Native selections.

    The segregation and opening of lands authorized for selection and 
selected by Alaska Natives under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement 
Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), are covered by part 2650 of 
this title.



Sec. 2091.9-2  Selections by the State of Alaska.

    The segregation and opening of lands authorized for selection and 
selected by the State of Alaska under the various statutes granting 
lands to the State of Alaska are covered by subpart 2627 of this title.



Sec. 2091.9-3  Lands in Alaska under grazing lease.

    The segregation and opening of lands covered by the Act of March 4, 
1927 (43 U.S.C. 316, 316a-316o) are covered by part 4200 of this title.



            Subpart 2094_Special Resource Values; Shore Space

    Authority: R.S. 2478, secs. 4, 5, 69 Stat. 444; 43 U.S.C. 1201, 48 
U.S.C. 462 note.

    Source: 35 FR 9540, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 56]]



Sec. 2094.0-3  Authority.

    Section 1 of the Act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat. 409) as amended by 
the Acts of March 3, 1903 (32 Stat. 1028) and August 3, 1955 (69 Stat. 
444; 48 U.S.C. 371) provides that no entry shall be allowed extending 
more than 160 rods along the shore of any navigable water. Section 10 of 
the Act of May 14, 1898, as amended by the Acts of March 3, 1927 (44 
Stat. 1364), May 26, 1934 (48 Stat. 809), and August 3, 1955 (69 Stat. 
444), provides that trade and manufacturing sites, rights-of-way for 
terminals and junction points, and homesites and headquarters sites may 
not extend more than 80 rods along the shores of any navigable water.



Sec. 2094.0-5  Definitions.

    The term navigable waters is defined in section 2 of the Act of May 
14, 1898 (30 Stat. 409; 48 U.S.C. 411), to include all tidal waters up 
to the line of ordinary high tide and all nontidal waters navigable in 
fact up to the line of ordinary highwater mark.



Sec. 2094.1  Methods of measuring; restrictions.

    (a) In the consideration of applications to enter lands shown upon 
plats of public surveys in Alaska, as abutting upon navigable waters, 
the restriction as to length of claims shall be determined as follows: 
The length of the water front of a subdivision will be considered as 
represented by the longest straight-line distance between the shore 
corners of the tract, measured along lines parallel to the boundaries of 
the subdivision; and the sum of the distances of each subdivision of the 
application abutting on the water, so determined, shall be considered as 
the total shore length of the application. Where, so measured, the 
excess of shore length is greater than the deficiency would be if an end 
tract or tracts were eliminated, such tract or tracts shall be excluded, 
otherwise the application may be allowed if in other respects proper.
    (b) The same method of measuring shore space will be used in the 
case of special surveys, where legal subdivisions of the public lands 
are not involved.
    (c) The following sketch shows the method of measuring the length of 
shore space, the length of line A or line B, whichever is the longer, 
representing the length of shore space which is chargeable to the tract:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01FE91.076



Sec. 2094.2  Waiver of 160-rod limitation.

    (a) The Act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 1059; 48 U.S.C. 372) provides 
that the Secretary of the Interior in his discretion, may upon 
application to enter or otherwise, waive the restriction that no entry 
shall be allowed extending more than 160 rods along the shore of any 
navigable waters as to such lands as he shall determine are not 
necessary for harborage, landing, and wharf purposes. The act does not 
authorize the waiver of the 80-rod restriction, mentioned in Sec. 
2094.0-3.
    (b) Except as to trade and manufacturing sites, and home and 
headquarters sites, any applications to enter and notices of settlement 
which cover lands extending more than 160 rods along the shore of any 
navigable water will be considered as a petition for waiver of the 160-
rod limitation mentioned in paragraph (a) of this section, provided that 
it is accompanied by a showing that the lands are not necessary for 
harborage, landing and wharf purposes and that the public interests will 
not be injured by waiver of the limitation.



Group 2100_Acquisitions--Table of Contents






Group 2200_Exchanges--Table of Contents






PART 2200_EXCHANGES: GENERAL PROCEDURES--Table of Contents




                     Subpart 2200_Exchanges_General

Sec.
2200.0-2 Objective.
2200.0-4 Responsibilities.
2200.0-5 Definitions.

[[Page 57]]

2200.0-6 Policy.
2200.0-7 Scope.
2200.0-9 Information collection.

              Subpart 2201_Exchanges_Specific Requirements

2201.1 Agreement to initiate an exchange.
2201.1-1 Assembled land exchanges.
2201.1-2 Segregative effect.
2201.1-3 Assumption of costs.
2201.2 Notice of exchange proposal.
2201.3 Appraisals.
2201.3-1 Appraiser qualifications.
2201.3-2 Market value.
2201.3-3 Appraisal report standards.
2201.3-4 Appraisal review.
2201.4 Bargaining; arbitration.
2201.5 Exchanges at approximately equal value.
2201.6 Value equalization; cash equalization waiver.
2201.7 Approval of exchanges.
2201.7-1 Notice of decision.
2201.7-2 Exchange agreement.
2201.8 Title standards.
2201.9 Case closing.

       Subpart 2203_Exchanges Involving Fee Federal Coal Deposits

2203.0-6 Policy.
2203.0-9 Cross references.
2203.1 Opportunity for public comment and public meeting on exchange 
          proposal.
2203.2 Submission of information concerning proposed exchange.
2203.3 Public meeting.
2203.4 Consultation with the Attorney General.
2203.5 Action on advice of the Attorney General.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1716, 1740.

    Source: 46 FR 1638, Jan. 6, 1981, unless otherwise noted.



                     Subpart 2200_Exchanges_General

    Source: 58 FR 60918, Nov. 18, 1993, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2200.0-2  Objective.

    The objective is to encourage and expedite the exchange of Federal 
lands for non-Federal lands, found to be in the public interest, in 
accordance with applicable statutory policies, standards and 
requirements.



Sec. 2200.0-4  Responsibilities.

    The Director of the Bureau of Land Management has the responsibility 
of carrying out the functions of the Secretary of the Interior under 
these regulations.



Sec. 2200.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    (a) Adjustment to relative values means compensation for exchange-
related costs, or other responsibilities or requirements assumed by one 
party, which ordinarily would be borne by the other party. These 
adjustments do not alter the agreed upon value of the lands involved in 
an exchange.
    (b) Agreement to initiate means a written, nonbinding statement of 
present intent to initiate and pursue an exchange, which is signed by 
the parties and which may be amended by the written consent of the 
parties or terminated at any time upon written notice by any party.
    (c) Appraisal or Appraisal report means a written statement 
independently and impartially prepared by a qualified appraiser setting 
forth an opinion as to the market value of the lands or interests in 
lands as of a specific date(s), supported by the presentation and 
analysis of relevant market information.
    (d) Approximately equal value determination means a decision that 
the lands involved in an exchange have readily apparent and 
substantially similar elements of value, such as location, size, use, 
physical characteristics, and other amenities.
    (e) Arbitration means a process to resolve a disagreement among the 
parties as to appraised value, performed by an arbitrator appointed by 
the Secretary from a list recommended by the American Arbitration 
Association.
    (f) Assembled land exchange means the consolidation of multiple 
parcels of Federal and/or non-Federal lands for purposes of one or more 
exchange transactions over a period of time.
    (g) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority and responsibility to 
make decisions and perform the duties described in this part.
    (h) Bargaining means a process, other than arbitration, by which 
parties attempt to resolve a dispute concerning

[[Page 58]]

the appraised value of the lands involved in an exchange.
    (i) Federal lands means any lands or interests in lands, such as 
mineral or timber interests, that are owned by the United States and 
administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the Director of 
the Bureau of Land Management, without regard to how the United States 
acquired ownership, except: (1) Lands located on the Outer Continental 
Shelf; and (2) lands held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts and 
Eskimos.
    (j) Hazardous substances means those substances designated under 
Environmental Protection Agency regulations at 40 CFR part 302.
    (k) Highest and best use means the most probable legal use of a 
property, based on market evidence as of the date of valuation, 
expressed in an appraiser's supported opinion.
    (l) Lands means any land and/or interests in land.
    (m) Ledger account means an accounting mechanism that tracks the 
differential in dollar value of lands conveyed throughout a series of 
transactions. A ledger reports each transaction by date, value of 
Federal land, value of non-Federal land, the difference between these 
values upon completion of each transaction, and a cumulative balance and 
differential.
    (n) Market value means the most probable price in cash, or terms 
equivalent to cash, that lands or interests in lands should bring in a 
competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair 
sale, where the buyer and seller each acts prudently and knowledgeably, 
and the price is not affected by undue influence.
    (o) Mineral laws means the mining laws, mineral leasing laws, and 
the Geothermal Steam Act, but not the Materials Sales Act, administered 
by the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land Management.
    (p) Outstanding interests means rights or interests in property held 
by an entity other than a party to an exchange.
    (q) Party means the United States or any person, State or local 
government who enters into an agreement to initiate an exchange.
    (r) Person means any individual, corporation, or other legal entity 
legally capable to hold title to and convey land. An individual must be 
a citizen of the United States and a corporation must be subject to the 
laws of the United States or of the State where the land is located or 
the corporation is incorporated.
    (s) Public land laws means that body of general land laws 
administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land 
Management, excepting, however, the mineral laws.
    (t) Reserved interest means an interest in real property retained by 
a party from a conveyance of the title to that property.
    (u) Resource values means any of the various commodity values (e.g., 
timber or minerals) or non-commodity values (e.g., wildlife habitat or 
scenic vistas), indigenous to particular land areas, surface and 
subsurface.
    (v) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior or the individual 
to whom the authority and responsibilities of that official, as to 
matters considered in this part, have been delegated.
    (w) Segregation means the removal for a limited period, subject to 
valid existing rights, of a specified area of the Federal lands from 
appropriation under the public land laws and mineral laws, pursuant to 
the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to allow for the orderly 
administration of the Federal lands.
    (x) Statement of value means a written report prepared by a 
qualified appraiser that states the appraiser's conclusion(s) of value.



Sec. 2200.0-6  Policy.

    (a) Discretionary nature of exchanges. The Secretary is not required 
to exchange any Federal lands. Land exchanges are discretionary, 
voluntary real estate transactions between the Federal and non-Federal 
parties. Unless and until the parties enter into a binding exchange 
agreement, any party may withdraw from and terminate an exchange 
proposal or an agreement to initiate an exchange at any time during the 
exchange process, without any obligation to reimburse, or incur any 
liability to, any party, person or other entity.
    (b) Determination of public interest. The authorized officer may 
complete

[[Page 59]]

an exchange only after a determination is made that the public interest 
will be well served. When considering the public interest, the 
authorized officer shall give full consideration to the opportunity to 
achieve better management of Federal lands, to meet the needs of State 
and local residents and their economies, and to secure important 
objectives, including but not limited to: Protection of fish and 
wildlife habitats, cultural resources, watersheds, wilderness and 
aesthetic values; enhancement of recreation opportunities and public 
access; consolidation of lands and/or interests in lands, such as 
mineral and timber interests, for more logical and efficient management 
and development; consolidation of split estates; expansion of 
communities; accommodation of land use authorizations; promotion of 
multiple-use values; and fulfillment of public needs. In making this 
determination, the authorized officer must find that:
    (1) The resource values and the public objectives that the Federal 
lands or interests to be conveyed may serve if retained in Federal 
ownership are not more than the resource values of the non-Federal lands 
or interests and the public objectives they could serve if acquired, and
    (2) The intended use of the conveyed Federal lands will not, in the 
determination of the authorized officer, significantly conflict with 
established management objectives on adjacent Federal lands and Indian 
trust lands. Such finding and the supporting rationale shall be made 
part of the administrative record.
    (c) Equal value exchanges. Except as provided in Sec. 2201.5 of 
this part, lands or interests to be exchanged shall be of equal value or 
equalized in accordance with the methods set forth in Sec. 2201.6 of 
this part. An exchange of lands or interests shall be based on market 
value as determined by the Secretary through appraisal(s), through 
bargaining based on appraisal(s), or through arbitration.
    (d) Same-State exchanges. The Federal and non-Federal lands involved 
in an exchange authorized pursuant to the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976, as amended, shall be located within the same 
State.
    (e) O and C land exchanges. Non-Federal lands acquired in exchange 
for revested Oregon and California Railroad Company Grant lands or 
reconveyed Coos Bay Wagon Road Grant lands are required to be located 
within any one of the 18 counties in which the original grants were 
made, and, upon acquisition by the United States, automatically shall 
assume the same status as the lands for which they were exchanged.
    (f) Congressional designations. Upon acceptance of title by the 
United States, lands acquired by an exchange that are within the 
boundaries of any unit of the National Forest System, National Park 
System, National Wildlife Refuge System, National Wild and Scenic Rivers 
System, National Trails System, National Wilderness Preservation System, 
or any other system established by Act of Congress; the California 
Desert Conservation Area; or any national conservation or national 
recreation area established by Act of Congress, immediately are reserved 
for and become part of the unit or area within which they are located, 
without further action by the Secretary, and thereafter shall be managed 
in accordance with all laws, rules, regulations, and land use plans 
applicable to such unit or area.
    (g) Land and resource management planning. The authorized officer 
shall consider only those exchange proposals that are in conformance 
with land use plans or plan amendments, where applicable. Lands acquired 
by an exchange within a Bureau of Land Management district shall 
automatically become public lands as defined in 43 U.S.C. 1702 and shall 
become part of that district. The acquired lands shall be managed in 
accordance with existing regulations and provisions of applicable land 
use plans and plan amendments. Lands acquired by an exchange that are 
located within the boundaries of areas of critical environmental concern 
or any other area having an administrative designation established 
through the land use planning process shall automatically become part of 
the unit or area within which they are located, without further action 
by the Bureau of Land Management, and shall be managed in accordance 
with all

[[Page 60]]

laws, rules, regulations, and land use plans applicable to such unit or 
area.
    (h) Environmental analysis. After an agreement to initiate an 
exchange is signed, an environmental analysis shall be conducted by the 
authorized officer in accordance with the National Environmental Policy 
Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4371), the Council on Environmental Quality 
regulations (40 CFR parts 1500-1508), and the environmental policies and 
procedures of the Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Land 
Management. In making this analysis, the authorized officer shall 
consider timely written comments received in response to the published 
exchange notice, pursuant to Sec. 2201.2 of this part.
    (i) Reservations or restrictions in the public interest. In any 
exchange, the authorized officer shall reserve such rights or retain 
such interests as are needed to protect the public interest or shall 
otherwise restrict the use of Federal lands to be exchanged, as 
appropriate. The use or development of lands conveyed out of Federal 
ownership are subject to any restrictions imposed by the conveyance 
documents and all laws, regulations, and zoning authorities of State and 
local governing bodies.
    (j) Hazardous substances--(1) Federal lands. The authorized officer 
shall determine whether hazardous substances may be present on the 
Federal lands involved in an exchange and shall provide notice of known 
storage, release, or disposal of hazardous substances on the Federal 
lands to the other parties in accordance with the provisions of 40 CFR 
part 373. The authorized officer shall provide this notice in the 
exchange agreement. The authorized officer shall also provide such 
notice, to the extent information is readily available, in the agreement 
to initiate an exchange. Unless the non-Federal party is a potentially 
responsible party under 42 U.S.C. 9607(a), the conveyance document from 
the United States shall contain a covenant in accordance with 42 U.S.C. 
9620(h)(3). Where the non-Federal party is a potentially responsible 
party with respect to the property, it may be appropriate to enter into 
an agreement, as referenced in 42 U.S.C. 9607(e), whereby that party 
would indemnify the United States and hold the United States harmless 
against any loss or cleanup costs after conveyance.
    (2) Non-Federal lands. The non-Federal party shall notify the 
authorized officer of any known, suspected and/or reasonably 
ascertainable storage, release, or disposal of hazardous substances on 
the non-Federal land pursuant to Sec. 2201.1 of this part. 
Notwithstanding such notice, the authorized officer shall determine 
whether hazardous substances are known to be present on the non-Federal 
land involved in an exchange. If hazardous substances are known or 
believed to be present on the non-Federal land, the authorized officer 
shall reach an agreement with the non-Federal party regarding the 
responsibility for appropriate response action concerning the hazardous 
substances before completing the exchange. The terms of this agreement 
and any appropriate ``hold harmless'' agreement shall be included in an 
exchange agreement, pursuant to Sec. 2201.7-2 of this part.
    (k) Legal description of properties. All lands subject to an 
exchange shall be properly described on the basis of either a survey 
executed in accordance with the Public Land Survey System laws and 
standards of the United States or, if those laws and standards cannot be 
applied, the lands shall be properly described and clearly locatable by 
other means as may be prescribed or allowed by law.
    (l) Unsurveyed school sections. For purposes of exchange only, 
unsurveyed school sections, which would become State lands upon survey 
by the Secretary, are considered as ``non-Federal'' lands and may be 
used by the State in an exchange with the United States. However, 
minerals shall not be reserved by the State when unsurveyed sections are 
used in an exchange. As a condition of the exchange, the State shall 
have waived, in writing, all rights to unsurveyed sections used in the 
exchange.
    (m) Coordination with State and local governments. At least 60 days 
prior to the conveyance of and upon issuance of the deed or patent for 
Federal lands, the authorized officer will notify the Governor of the 
State within which the Federal lands covered by the notice are located 
and the head of the governing

[[Page 61]]

body of any political subdivision having zoning or other land use 
regulatory authority in the geographical area within which the Federal 
lands are located.
    (n) Fee coal exchanges. As part of the consideration of whether 
public interest would be served by the acquisition of fee coal through 
exchange, the provisions of subpart 3461 of this title shall be applied 
and shall be evaluated as a factor and basis for the exchange.



Sec. 2200.0-7  Scope.

    (a) These rules set forth the procedures for conducting exchanges of 
Federal lands. The procedures in these rules are supplemented by the 
Bureau of Land Management Manuals and Handbooks 2200 and 9310. The 
contents of these supplemental materials are not considered to be a part 
of these rules.
    (b) The rules contained in this part apply to all land exchanges, 
made under the authority of the Secretary, involving Federal lands, as 
defined in 43 CFR 2200.0-5(i). Apart from the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA), as amended, 43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq., 
there are a variety of statutes, administered by the Secretary, that 
authorize land trades which may include Federal lands, as for example, 
certain National Wildlife Refuge System and National Park System 
exchange acts. The procedures and requirements associated with or 
imposed by any one of these other statutes may not be entirely 
consistent with the rules in this part, as the rules in this part are 
intended primarily to implement the FLPMA land exchange provisions. If 
there is any such inconsistency, and if Federal lands are involved, the 
inconsistent procedures or statutory requirements will prevail. 
Otherwise, the regulations in this part will be followed. The rules in 
this part also apply to the exchange of interests in either Federal or 
non-Federal lands including, but not limited to, minerals, water rights, 
and timber.
    (c) The application of these rules to exchanges made under the 
authority of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, as amended (43 
U.S.C. 1621) or the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (16 
U.S.C. 3192), shall be limited to those provisions that do not conflict 
with the provisions of these Acts.
    (d) Pending exchanges initiated prior to December 17, 1993 shall 
proceed in accordance with this rule unless:
    (1) In the judgment of the authorized officer, it would be more 
expeditious to continue following the procedures in effect prior to 
December 17, 1993; or
    (2) A binding agreement to exchange was in effect prior to December 
17, 1993; and
    (3) To proceed as provided in paragraphs (d) (1) or (2) of this 
section would not be inconsistent with applicable law.
    (e) Exchanges proposed by persons holding fee title to coal deposits 
that qualify for exchanges under the Surface Mining Control and 
Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(b)(5)) and as provided in 
subpart 3436 of this title shall be processed in accordance with this 
part, except as otherwise provided in subpart 3436 of this title.

[46 FR 1638, Jan. 6, 1981, as amended at 63 FR 52617, Oct. 1, 1998]



Sec. 2200.0-9  Information collection.

    (a) The collection of information contained in part 2200 of Group 
2200 has been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under 44 
U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and assigned clearance number 1004-0056. The 
information will be used to initiate and complete land exchanges with 
the Bureau of Land Management. Responses are required to obtain benefits 
in accordance with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 
as amended.
    (b) Public reporting burden for this information is estimated to 
average 4 hours per response, including the time for reviewing 
instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining 
the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of 
information. Comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect 
of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing 
the burden, should be sent to the Division of Information Resources 
Management (870), Bureau of Land Management, 1849 C Street, NW., 
Washington, DC 20240; and the Paperwork Reduction Project

[[Page 62]]

(1004-0056), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503.



              Subpart 2201_Exchanges_Specific Requirements



Sec. 2201.1  Agreement to initiate an exchange.

    (a) Exchanges may be proposed by the Bureau of Land Management or by 
any person, State, or local government. Initial exchange proposals 
should be directed to the authorized officer responsible for the 
management of Federal lands involved in an exchange.
    (b) To assess the feasibility of an exchange proposal, the 
prospective parties may agree to obtain a preliminary estimate of the 
values of the lands involved in the proposal. The preliminary estimate 
is generally not an appraisal but shall be prepared by a qualified 
appraiser.
    (c) If the authorized officer agrees to proceed with an exchange 
proposal, a nonbinding agreement to initiate an exchange shall be 
executed by all prospective parties. At a minimum, the agreement shall 
include:
    (1) The identity of the parties involved in the proposed exchange 
and the status of their ownership or ability to provide title to the 
land;
    (2) A description of the lands or interest in lands being considered 
for exchange;
    (3) A statement by each party, other than the United States and 
State and local governments, certifying that the party is a citizen of 
the United States or a corporation or other legal entity subject to the 
laws of the United States or a State thereof;
    (4) A description of the appurtenant rights proposed to be exchanged 
or reserved; any authorized uses including grants, permits, easements, 
or leases; and any known unauthorized uses, outstanding interests, 
exceptions, adverse claims, covenants, restrictions, title defects or 
encumbrances;
    (5) A time schedule for completing the proposed exchange;
    (6) An assignment of responsibility for performance of required 
functions and for costs associated with processing the exchange;
    (7) A statement specifying whether compensation for costs assumed 
will be allowed pursuant to the provisions of Sec. 2201.1-3 of this 
part;
    (8) Notice of any known release, storage, or disposal of hazardous 
substances on involved Federal or non-Federal lands, and any commitments 
regarding responsibility for removal or other remedial actions 
concerning such substances on involved non-Federal lands. All such terms 
and conditions regarding non-Federal lands shall be included in a land 
exchange agreement pursuant to Sec. 2201.7-2 of this part;
    (9) A grant of permission by each party to conduct a physical 
examination of the lands offered by the other party;
    (10) The terms of any assembled land exchange arrangement, pursuant 
to Sec. 2201.1-1 of this part;
    (11) A statement as to any arrangements for relocation of any 
tenants occupying non-Federal land, pursuant to Sec. 2201.8 (c)(1)(iv) 
of this part;
    (12) A notice to an owner-occupant of the voluntary basis for the 
acquisition of the non-Federal lands, pursuant to Sec. 2201.8 
(c)(1)(iv) of this part; and
    (13) A statement as to the manner in which documents of conveyance 
will be exchanged, should the exchange proposal be successfully 
completed.
    (d) Unless the parties agree to some other schedule, no later than 
90 days from the date of the executed agreement to initiate an exchange, 
the parties shall arrange for appraisals, which are to be completed 
within timeframes and under such terms as are negotiated. In the absence 
of current market information reliably supporting value, the parties may 
agree to use other acceptable and commonly recognized methods to 
estimate value.
    (e) An agreement to initiate an exchange may be amended by written 
consent of the parties or terminated at any time upon written notice by 
any party.
    (f) Entering into an agreement to initiate an exchange does not 
legally bind any party to proceed with processing or to consummate a 
proposed exchange, or to reimburse or pay damages to any party to a 
proposed exchange that is delayed or is not consummated or to anyone 
assisting in any way, or doing business with, any such party.

[[Page 63]]

    (g) The withdrawal from, and termination of, an exchange proposal, 
or an agreement to initiate an exchange, by the authorized officer at 
any time prior to the notice of decision, pursuant to Sec. 2201.7-1 of 
this part, is not protestable or appealable under 43 CFR part 4.



Sec. 2201.1-1  Assembled land exchanges.

    (a) Whenever the authorized officer determines it to be practicable, 
an assembled land exchange arrangement may be used to facilitate 
exchanges and reduce costs.
    (b) The parties to an exchange may agree to such an arrangement 
where multiple parcels of Federal and/or non-Federal lands are 
consolidated into a package for the purpose of completing one or more 
exchange transactions over a period of time.
    (c) An assembled land exchange arrangement shall be documented in 
the agreement to initiate an exchange, pursuant to Sec. 2201.1 of this 
part.
    (d) Values of the Federal and non-Federal lands involved in an 
assembled exchange arrangement shall be estimated pursuant to Sec. 
2201.3 of this part.
    (e) If more than one transaction is necessary to complete the 
exchange package, the parties shall establish a ledger account under 
which the Federal and non-Federal lands can be exchanged. When a ledger 
account is used, the authorized officer shall:
    (1) Assure that the value difference between the Federal and non-
Federal lands does not exceed 25 percent of the total value of the 
Federal lands conveyed in the assembled land exchange up to and 
including the current transaction;
    (2) Assure that the values of the Federal and non-Federal lands 
conveyed are balanced with land and/or money at least every 3 years 
pursuant to Sec. 2201.6 of this part; and
    (3) If necessary, require from the non-Federal party a deposit of 
cash, bond or other approved surety in an amount equal to any 
outstanding value differential.
    (4) Assembled land exchanges are subject to the value equalization 
and cash equalization waiver provisions of Sec. 2201.6 of this part. 
Cash equalization waiver shall only be used in conjunction with the 
final transaction of the assembled land exchange and the termination of 
any ledger account used.
    (f) The assembled exchange arrangement may be terminated 
unilaterally at any time upon written notice by any party or upon 
depletion of the Federal or non-Federal lands assembled. Prior to 
termination, values shall be equalized pursuant to Sec. 2201.6 of this 
part.



Sec. 2201.1-2  Segregative effect.

    (a) If a proposal is made to exchange Federal lands, the authorized 
officer may direct the appropriate State Office of the Bureau of Land 
Management to segregate the Federal lands by a notation on the public 
land records. Subject to valid existing rights, the Federal lands shall 
be segregated from appropriation under the public land laws and mineral 
laws for a period not to exceed 5 years from the date of record 
notation.
    (b) Any interests of the United States in the non-Federal lands that 
are covered by the exchange proposal may be segregated from 
appropriation under the mineral laws for a period not to exceed 5 years 
from the date of notation by noting the public land status records.
    (c) The segregative effect shall terminate upon the occurrence of 
any of the following events, whichever occurs first:
    (1) Automatically, upon issuance of a patent or other document of 
conveyance to the affected lands;
    (2) On the date and time specified in an opening order, such order 
to be promptly issued and published by the appropriate State Office of 
the Bureau of Land Management in the Federal Register, if a decision is 
made not to proceed with the exchange or upon removal of any lands from 
an exchange proposal; or
    (3) Automatically, at the end of the segregation period not to 
exceed 5 years from the date of notation of the public land records.
    (d) The provisions of this section apply equally to proposals to 
exchange National Forest System lands under the authority and provisions 
of the Act of March 20, 1922, 42 Stat. 465, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 485, 
and the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 43 U.S.C. 1701 
et seq., except that if

[[Page 64]]

a proposal is made to exchange National Forest System lands, which 
proposal shall be filed in compliance with 36 CFR part 254, the 
authorized officer may request that the appropriate BLM State Office 
segregate such lands by a notation on the public land records.

[46 FR 1638, Jan. 6, 1981, as amended at 63 FR 23681, Apr. 30, 1998; 65 
FR 70112, Nov. 21, 2000]



Sec. 2201.1-3  Assumption of costs.

    (a) Generally, parties to an exchange will bear their own costs of 
the exchange. However, if the authorized officer finds it is in the 
public interest, subject to the conditions and limitations specified in 
paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, an agreement to initiate an 
exchange may provide that:
    (1) One or more of the parties may assume, without compensation, all 
or part of the costs or other responsibilities or requirements that the 
authorized officer determines would ordinarily be borne by the other 
parties; or
    (2) The parties may agree to make adjustments to the relative values 
involved in an exchange transaction in order to compensate parties for 
assuming costs or other responsibilities or requirements that the 
authorized officer determines would ordinarily be borne by the other 
parties. These costs or services may include but are not limited to: 
Land surveys, appraisals, mineral examinations, timber cruises, title 
searches, title curative actions, cultural resource surveys and 
mitigation, hazardous substance surveys and controls, removal of 
encumbrances, arbitration including all fees, bargaining, cure of 
deficiencies preventing highest and best use of the land, conduct of 
public hearings, assemblage of non-Federal parcels from multiple 
ownerships, expenses of complying with laws, regulations, and policies 
applicable to exchange transactions, and expenses that are necessary to 
bring the Federal and non-Federal lands involved in the exchange to 
their highest and best use for appraisal and exchange purposes.
    (b) The authorized officer may agree to assume without compensation 
costs ordinarily borne under local custom or practice by the non-Federal 
party or to compensate the non-Federal party for costs ordinarily borne 
under local custom or practice by the United States but incurred by the 
non-Federal party, but only when it is clearly in the public interest 
and the authorized officer determines and documents that each of the 
following circumstances exist:
    (1) The amount of the cost assumed or compensation is reasonable and 
accurately reflects the value of the goods and services received;
    (2) The proposed exchange is a high priority of the agency;
    (3) The land exchange must be expedited to protect important Federal 
resource values, such as congressionally designated areas or endangered 
species habitat;
    (4) Cash equalization funds are available for compensating the non-
Federal party; and
    (5) There are no other practicable means available to the authorized 
officer of meeting Federal exchange processing costs, responsibilities, 
or requirements.
    (c) The total amount of adjustment agreed to as compensation for 
costs incurred pursuant to this section shall not exceed the limitations 
set forth in Sec. 2201.6 of this part.



Sec. 2201.2  Notice of exchange proposal.

    (a) Upon entering into an agreement to initiate an exchange, the 
authorized officer shall publish a notice once a week for 4 consecutive 
weeks in newspapers of general circulation in the counties in which the 
Federal and non-Federal lands or interests proposed for exchange are 
located. The authorized officer shall notify authorized users, 
jurisdictional State and local governments, and the congressional 
delegation, and shall make other distribution of the notice as 
appropriate. At a minimum, the notice shall include:
    (1) The identity of the parties involved in the proposed exchange;
    (2) A description of the Federal and non-Federal lands being 
considered for exchange;
    (3) A statement as to the effect of segregation from appropriation 
under the public land laws and mineral laws, if applicable;
    (4) An invitation to the public to submit in writing any comments on 
or concerns about the exchange proposal, including advising the 
authorized officer as to any liens, encumbrances, or

[[Page 65]]

other claims relating to the lands being considered for exchange; and
    (5) The deadline by which comments must be received, and the name, 
title, and address of the official to whom comments must be sent.
    (b) To be assured of consideration in the environmental analysis of 
the proposed exchange, all comments shall be made in writing to the 
authorized officer and postmarked or delivered within 45 days after the 
initial date of publication.
    (c) The authorized officer is not required to republish descriptions 
of any lands excluded from the final exchange transaction, provided such 
lands were identified in the notice of exchange proposal. In addition, 
minor corrections of land descriptions and other insignificant changes 
do not require republication.



Sec. 2201.3  Appraisals.

    The Federal and non-Federal parties to an exchange shall comply with 
the appraisal standards set forth in Sec. Sec. 2201.3-1 through 2201.3-
4 of this part and, to the extent appropriate, with the Department of 
Justice ``Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisitions'' 
when appraising the values of the Federal and non-Federal lands involved 
in an exchange.



Sec. 2201.3-1  Appraiser qualifications.

    (a) A qualified appraiser(s) shall provide to the authorized officer 
appraisals estimating the market value of Federal and non-Federal 
properties involved in an exchange. A qualified appraiser may be an 
employee or a contractor to the Federal or non-Federal exchange parties. 
At a minimum, a qualified appraiser shall be an individual, approved by 
the authorized officer, who is competent, reputable, impartial, and has 
training and experience in appraising property similar to the property 
involved in the appraisal assignment.
    (b) Qualified appraisers shall possess qualifications consistent 
with State regulatory requirements that meet the intent of title XI of 
the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 
(FIRREA) (12 U.S.C. 3331). In the event a State does not have approved 
policies, practices and procedures regulating the activities of 
appraisers, the Bureau of Land Management may establish appraisal 
qualification standards commensurate with those adopted by other States 
meeting the requirements of FIRREA.



Sec. 2201.3-2  Market value.

    (a) In estimating market value, the appraiser shall:
    (1) Determine the highest and best use of the property to be 
appraised;
    (2) Estimate the value of the lands and interests as if in private 
ownership and available for sale in the open market;
    (3) Include historic, wildlife, recreation, wilderness, scenic, 
cultural, or other resource values or amenities that are reflected in 
prices paid for similar properties in the competitive market;
    (4) Consider the contributory value of any interest in land such as 
minerals, water rights, or timber to the extent they are consistent with 
the highest and best use of the property; and
    (5) Estimate separately, if stipulated in the agreement to initiate 
in accordance with Sec. 2201.1 of this part, the value of each property 
optioned or acquired from multiple ownerships by the non-Federal party 
for purposes of exchange, pursuant to Sec. 2201.1-1 of this part. In 
this case, the appraiser shall estimate the value of the Federal and 
non-Federal properties in a similar manner.
    (b) In estimating market value, the appraiser may not independently 
add the separate values of the fractional interests to be conveyed, 
unless market evidence indicates the following:
    (1) The various interests contribute their full value (pro rata) to 
the value of the whole; and
    (2) The valuation is compatible with the highest and best use of the 
property.
    (c) In the absence of current market information reliably supporting 
value, the authorized officer may use other acceptable and commonly 
recognized methods to determine market value.



Sec. 2201.3-3  Appraisal report standards.

    Appraisals prepared for exchange purposes shall contain, at a 
minimum, the following information:
    (a) A summary of facts and conclusions;

[[Page 66]]

    (b) The purpose and/or the function of the appraisal, a definition 
of the estate being appraised, and a statement of the assumptions and 
limiting conditions affecting the appraisal assignment, if any;
    (c) An explanation of the extent of the appraiser's research and 
actions taken to collect and confirm information relied upon in 
estimating value;
    (d) An adequate description of the physical characteristics of the 
lands being appraised; a statement of all encumbrances; title 
information, location, zoning, and present use; an analysis of highest 
and best use; and at least a 5-year sales history of the property;
    (e) A disclosure of any condition that is observed during the 
inspection of the property or becomes known to the appraiser through 
normal research that would lead the appraiser to believe that hazardous 
substances may be present on the property being appraised;
    (f) A comparative market analysis and, if more than one method of 
valuation is used, an analysis and reconciliation of the methods used to 
support the appraiser's estimate of value;
    (g) A description of comparable sales, including a description of 
all relevant physical, legal, and economic factors such as parties to 
the transaction, source and method of financing, effect of any favorable 
financing on sale price, and verification by a party involved in the 
transaction;
    (h) An estimate of market value;
    (i) The effective date of valuation, date of appraisal, signature, 
and certification of the appraiser;
    (j) A certification by the appraiser signing the report to the 
following:
    (1) The appraiser personally contacted the property owner or 
designated representative and offered the owner an opportunity to be 
present during inspection of the property;
    (2) The appraiser personally examined the subject property and all 
comparable sale properties relied upon in the report;
    (3) The appraiser has no present or prospective interest in the 
appraised property; and
    (4) The appraiser has not, and will not, receive compensation that 
was contingent on the analysis, opinions, or conclusions contained in 
the appraisal report; and
    (k) Copies of relevant written reports, studies, or summary 
conclusions prepared by others in association with the appraisal 
assignment that were relied upon by the appraiser to estimate value, 
which may include but is not limited to current title reports, mineral 
reports, or timber cruises prepared by qualified specialists.



Sec. 2201.3-4  Appraisal review.

    (a) Appraisal reports shall be reviewed by a qualified review 
appraiser meeting the qualifications set forth in Sec. 2201.3-1 of this 
part. Statements of value prepared by agency appraisers are not subject 
to this review.
    (b) The review appraiser shall determine whether the appraisal 
report:
    (1) Is complete, logical, consistent, and supported by a market 
analysis;
    (2) Complies with the standards prescribed in Sec. 2201.3-3 of this 
part; and
    (3) Reasonably estimates the probable market value of the lands 
appraised.
    (c) The review appraiser shall prepare a written review report, 
containing at a minimum:
    (1) A description of the review process used;
    (2) An explanation of the adequacy, relevance, and reasonableness of 
the data and methods used by the appraiser to estimate value;
    (3) The reviewing appraiser's statement of conclusions regarding the 
appraiser's estimate of market value; and
    (4) A certification by the review appraiser to the following:
    (i) The review appraiser has no present or prospective interest in 
the property that is the subject of the review report; and
    (ii) The review appraiser has not, and will not, receive 
compensation that was contingent on the approval of the appraisal 
report.



Sec. 2201.4  Bargaining; arbitration.

    (a) Unless the parties to an exchange agree in writing to suspend or 
modify the deadlines contained in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
this section, the parties shall adhere to the following schedule:

[[Page 67]]

    (1) Within 180 days from the date of receipt of the appraisal(s) for 
review and approval by the authorized officer, the parties to an 
exchange may agree on the appraised values of the lands involved in an 
exchange. If the parties cannot agree on the appraised values, they may 
agree to initiate a process of bargaining or some other process to 
resolve the dispute over values. Bargaining or any other process shall 
be based on an objective analysis of the valuation in the appraisal 
report(s) and shall be a means of reconciling differences in such 
reports. Bargaining or another process to determine values may involve 
one or more of the following actions:
    (i) Submission of the disputed appraisal(s) to another qualified 
appraiser for review;
    (ii) Request for additional appraisals;
    (iii) Involvement of an impartial third party to facilitate 
resolution of the value disputes; or
    (iv) Use of some other acceptable and commonly recognized practice 
for resolving value disputes.


Any agreement based upon bargaining shall be in writing and made part of 
the administrative record of the exchange. Such agreement shall contain 
a reference to all relevant appraisal information and state how the 
parties reconciled or compromised appraisal information to arrive at an 
agreement based on market value.
    (2) If within 180 days from the date of receipt of the appraisal(s) 
for review and approval by the authorized officer, the parties to an 
exchange cannot agree on values but wish to continue with the land 
exchange, the appraisal(s) may, at the option of either party, be 
submitted to arbitration unless, in lieu of arbitration, the parties 
have employed a process of bargaining or some other process to determine 
values. If arbitration occurs, it shall be conducted in accordance with 
the real estate valuation arbitration rules of the American Arbitration 
Association. The Secretary or an official to whom such authority has 
been delegated shall appoint an arbitrator from a list provided by the 
American Arbitration Association.
    (3) Within 30 days after completion of arbitration, the parties 
involved in the exchange shall determine whether to proceed with the 
exchange, modify the exchange to reflect the findings of the arbitration 
or any other factors, or withdraw from the exchange. A decision to 
withdraw from the exchange may be made upon written notice by either 
party at this time or at any other time prior to entering into a binding 
exchange agreement.
    (4) If the parties agree to proceed with an exchange after 
arbitration, the values established by arbitration are binding upon all 
parties for a period not to exceed 2 years from the date of the 
arbitration decision.
    (b) Arbitration is limited to the disputed valuation of the lands 
involved in a proposed exchange, and an arbitrator's award decision 
shall be limited to the value estimate(s) of the contested appraisal(s). 
An award decision shall not include recommendations regarding the terms 
of a proposed exchange, nor shall an award decision infringe upon the 
authority of the Secretary to make all decisions regarding management of 
Federal lands and to make public interest determinations.



Sec. 2201.5  Exchanges at approximately equal value.

    (a) The authorized officer may exchange lands that are of 
approximately equal value when it is determined that:
    (1) The exchange is in the public interest and the consummation of 
the proposed exchange will be expedited;
    (2) The value of the lands to be conveyed out of Federal ownership 
is not more than $150,000 as based upon a statement of value prepared by 
a qualified appraiser and approved by the authorized officer;
    (3) The Federal and non-Federal lands are substantially similar in 
location, acreage, use, and physical attributes; and
    (4) There are no significant elements of value requiring complex 
analysis.
    (b) The authorized officer shall determine that the Federal and non-
Federal lands are approximately equal in value and shall document how 
the determination was made.

[[Page 68]]



Sec. 2201.6  Value equalization; cash equalization waiver.

    (a) To equalize the agreed upon values of the Federal and non-
Federal lands involved in an exchange, either with or without 
adjustments of relative values as compensation for various costs, the 
parties to an exchange may agree:
    (1) To modify the exchange proposal by adding or excluding lands; 
and/or
    (2) To use cash equalization after making all reasonable efforts to 
equalize values by adding or excluding lands.
    (b) The combined amount of any cash equalization payment and/or the 
amount of adjustments agreed to as compensation for costs under Sec. 
2201.1-3 of this part may not exceed 25 percent of the value of the 
Federal lands to be conveyed.
    (c) The parties may agree to waive a cash equalization payment if 
the amount to be waived does not exceed 3 percent of the value of the 
lands being exchanged out of Federal ownership or $15,000, whichever is 
less. This provision shall not be applied to exchanges where the value 
differential is in excess of $15,000.
    (d) A cash equalization payment may be waived only after the 
authorized officer determines in writing how the waiver will expedite 
the exchange and why the public interest will be better served by the 
waiver.



Sec. 2201.7  Approval of exchanges.



Sec. 2201.7-1  Notice of decision.

    (a) Upon completion of all environmental analyses and appropriate 
documentation, appraisals, and all other supporting studies and 
requirements to determine if a proposed exchange is in the public 
interest and in compliance with applicable law and regulations, the 
authorized officer shall decide whether to approve an exchange proposal.
    (1) When a decision to approve or disapprove an exchange is made, 
the authorized officer shall publish a notice of the availability of the 
decision in newspapers of general circulation. A notice also may be 
published in the Federal Register at the discretion of the authorized 
officer. At a minimum, the notice shall include:
    (i) The date of decision;
    (ii) A concise description of the decision;
    (iii) The name and title of the deciding official;
    (iv) Directions for obtaining a copy of the decision; and
    (v) The date of the beginning of the protest period.
    (2) The authorized officer shall distribute notices to State and 
local governmental subdivisions having authority in the geographical 
area within which the lands covered by the notice are located pursuant 
to Sec. 2200.0-6(m) of this part, the non-Federal exchange parties, 
authorized users of involved Federal lands, the congressional 
delegation, individuals who requested notification or filed written 
objections, and others as appropriate.
    (b) For a period of 45 days after the date of publication of a 
notice of the availability of a decision to approve or disapprove an 
exchange proposal, such decision shall be subject to protest.
    (c) A right of appeal from a protest decision of the authorized 
officer may be pursued in accordance with the applicable appeal 
procedures of 43 CFR part 4.



Sec. 2201.7-2  Exchange agreement.

    (a) The parties to a proposed exchange may enter into an exchange 
agreement subsequent to a decision by the authorized officer to approve 
the exchange, pursuant to Sec. 2201.7-1 of this part. Such an agreement 
is required if hazardous substances are present on the non-Federal 
lands. An exchange agreement shall contain the following:
    (1) Identification of the parties, a description of the lands and 
interests to be exchanged, identification of all reserved and 
outstanding interests, the amount of any necessary cash equalization, 
and all other terms and conditions necessary to complete the exchange;
    (2) The terms regarding responsibility for removal, indemnification 
(``hold harmless'' agreement), or other remedial actions concerning any 
hazardous substances on the involved non-Federal lands;
    (3) A description of the goods and services and their corresponding 
costs for which the noncomplying party is

[[Page 69]]

liable in the event of failure to perform or to comply with the terms of 
the exchange agreement; and
    (4) The agreed upon values of the involved lands.
    (b) An exchange agreement, as described in paragraph (a) of this 
section, is legally binding on all parties, subject to the terms and 
conditions thereof, provided:
    (1) Acceptable title can be conveyed;
    (2) No substantial loss or damage occurs to either property from any 
cause;
    (3) No undisclosed hazardous substances are found on the involved 
Federal or non-Federal lands prior to conveyance;
    (4) In the event of a protest, or of an appeal from a protest 
decision under 43 CFR part 4, a decision to approve an exchange pursuant 
to Sec. 2201.7-1 is upheld; and
    (5) The agreement is not terminated by mutual consent or upon such 
terms as may be provided in the agreement.
    (c) Absent an executed legally binding exchange agreement, any 
action taken by one or more of the parties, or a failure of one or more 
of the parties to take any action, prior to consummation of an exchange 
does not create any legal obligation or right enforceable against or 
enjoyed by any party.



Sec. 2201.8  Title standards.

    (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the Office of 
the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior, evidence of title for 
the non-Federal lands being conveyed to the United States shall be in 
conformance with the Department of Justice regulations and ``Standards 
for the Preparation of Title Evidence in Land Acquisitions by the United 
States'' in effect at the time of conveyance.
    (2) The United States is not required to furnish title evidence for 
the Federal lands being exchanged.
    (b) Conveyance documents. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the 
Office of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior, all 
conveyances to the United States shall be prepared, executed, and 
acknowledged in recordable form and in accordance with the Department of 
Justice regulations and ``Standards for the Preparation of Title 
Evidence in Land Acquisition by the United States'' in effect at the 
time of conveyance.
    (2) Conveyances of lands from the United States shall be by patent, 
quitclaim deed, or deed without express or implied warranties, except as 
to hazardous substances pursuant to Sec. 2200.0-6(j)(1) of this title.
    (c) Title encumbrances--(1) Non-Federal lands. (i) Title to the non-
Federal lands must be acceptable to the United States. For example, 
encumbrances such as taxes, judgment liens, mortgages, and other 
objections or title defects shall be eliminated, released, or waived in 
accordance with requirements of the preliminary title opinion of the 
Office of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior or the 
Department of Justice, as appropriate.
    (ii) The United States shall not accept lands in which there are 
reserved or outstanding interests that would interfere with the use and 
management of land by the United States or would otherwise be 
inconsistent with the authority under which, or the purpose for which, 
the lands are to be acquired. Reserved interests of the non-Federal 
landowner are subject to agreed upon covenants or conditions included in 
the conveyance documents.
    (iii) Any personal property owned by the non-Federal party that is 
not a part of the exchange proposal should be removed by the non-Federal 
party prior to acceptance of title by the United States, unless the 
authorized officer and the non-Federal party to the exchange previously 
agree upon a specified period to remove the personal property. If the 
personal property is not removed prior to acceptance of title or within 
the otherwise prescribed time, it shall be deemed abandoned and shall 
become vested in the United States.
    (iv) The exchange parties must reach agreement on the arrangements 
for the relocation of any tenants. Qualified tenants occupying non-
Federal lands affected by a land exchange may be entitled to benefits 
under 49 CFR 24.2. Unless otherwise provided by law or regulation (49 
CFR 24.101(a)(1)), relocation benefits are not applicable to owner-
occupants involved in exchanges with the United States provided the 
owner-occupants are notified in writing

[[Page 70]]

that the non-Federal lands are being acquired by the United States on a 
voluntary basis.
    (2) Federal lands. If Federal lands proposed for exchange are 
occupied under grant, permit, easement, or non-mineral lease by a third 
party who is not a party to the exchange, the third party holder of such 
authorization and the non-Federal party to the exchange may reach 
agreement as to the disposition of the existing use(s) authorized under 
the terms of the grant, permit, easement, or lease. The non-Federal 
exchange party shall submit documented proof of such agreement prior to 
issuance of a decision to approve the land exchange, as instructed by 
the authorized officer. If an agreement cannot be reached, the 
authorized officer shall consider other alternatives to accommodate the 
authorized use or shall determine whether the public interest will be 
best served by terminating such use in accordance with the terms and 
provisions of the instrument authorizing the use.



Sec. 2201.9  Case closing.

    (a) Title transfers. Unless otherwise agreed, and notwithstanding 
the decision in United States v. Schurz, 102 U.S. 378 (1880), or any 
other law or ruling to the contrary, title to both the non-Federal and 
Federal lands simultaneously shall pass and be deemed accepted by the 
United States and the non-Federal landowner, respectively, when the 
documents of conveyance are recorded in the county clerk's or other 
local recorder's office. Before recordation, all instructions, 
requirements, and conditions set forth by the United States and the non-
Federal landowner shall be met. The requirements and conditions 
necessary for recordation at a minimum will include the following, as 
appropriate:
    (1) The determination by the authorized officer that the United 
States will receive possession, acceptable to it, of such lands; and
    (2) The issuance of title evidence as of the date and time of 
recordation, which conforms to the instructions and requirements of the 
Office of the Solicitor's preliminary title opinion.
    (b) Automatic segregation of lands. Subject to valid existing 
rights, non-Federal lands acquired through exchange by the United States 
automatically shall be segregated from appropriation under the public 
land laws and mineral laws until midnight of the 90th day after 
acceptance of title by the United States, and the public land records 
shall be noted accordingly. Except to the extent otherwise provided by 
law, the lands shall be open to the operation of the public land laws 
and mineral laws at midnight 90 days after the day title was accepted 
unless otherwise segregated pursuant to part 2300 of this title.
    (c) Notice to State and local governments. Following the transfer of 
title to the Federal lands involved in an exchange, notice will be given 
to State and local officials as prescribed in Sec. 2200.0-6(m) of this 
part.



       Subpart 2203_Exchanges Involving Fee Federal Coal Deposits

    Source: 51 FR 12612, Apr. 14, 1986, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2203.0-6  Policy.

    When determining whether a fee exchange of the Federal coal deposits 
is in the public interest, it is the policy of the Department of the 
Interior to consider whether the exchange will create or maintain a 
situation inconsistent with the Federal anti-trust laws. The Bureau of 
Land Management, in making the determination of public interest, shall 
consider the advice of the Attorney General of the United States 
concerning whether the exchange will create or maintain a situation 
inconsistent with the Federal antitrust laws.



Sec. 2203.0-9  Cross references.

    The authorized officer shall implement a fee exchange of Federal 
coal deposits in compliance with the requirements of subparts 2200 and 
2201 on this title.



Sec. 2203.1  Opportunity for public comment and public meeting on exchange proposal.

    Upon acceptance of a proposal for a fee exchange of Federal coal 
deposits, the authorized officer shall publish and

[[Page 71]]

distribute a notice of exchange proposal as set forth in Sec. 2201.2 of 
this title.

[51 FR 12612, Apr. 1986, as amended at 58 FR 60926, Nov. 18, 1993]



Sec. 2203.2  Submission of information concerning proposed exchange.

    (a) Any person submitting a proposal for a fee exchange of Federal 
coal deposits shall submit information concerning the coal reserves 
presently held in each geographic area involved in the exchange along 
with a description of the reserves that would be added or eliminated by 
the proposed exchange. In addition, the person filing a proposed 
exchange under this section shall furnish any additional information 
requested by the authorized officer in connection with the consideration 
of the antitrust consequences of the proposed exchange.
    (b) The authorized officer shall transmit a copy of the information 
required by paragraph (a) of this section to the Attorney General upon 
its receipt.
    (c) All non-proprietary information submitted under paragraph (a) of 
this section shall be made a part of the public record on each proposed 
exchange. With respect to proprietary information submitted under 
paragraph (a) of this section, only a description of the type of 
information submitted shall be included in the public record.
    (d) Where the entity proposing a fee coal exchange has previously 
submitted information, a reference to the date of submission and to the 
serial number of the record in which it is filed, together with a 
statement of any and all changes in holdings since the date of the 
previous submission, shall be accepted.

[51 FR 12612, Apr. 14, 1986, as amended 58 FR 60926, Nov. 18, 1993]



Sec. 2203.3  Public meeting.

    Upon completion of an environmental analysis, but prior to the 
issuance of a notice of decision, the authorized officer shall publish a 
notice in the Federal Register setting a time and place where a public 
meeting will be held to receive public comment on the public interest 
factors of the proposed exchange. Such notice shall be distributed in 
accordance with Sec. 2201.7-1 of this title. The public meeting shall:
    (a) Follow procedures established by the authorized officer, which 
shall be announced prior to the meeting; and
    (b) Be recorded and a transcript prepared, with the transcript and 
all written submissions being made a part of the public record of the 
proposed exchange.

[51 FR 12612, Apr. 14, 1986, as amended at 58 FR 60926, Nov. 18, 1993]



Sec. 2203.4  Consultation with the Attorney General.

    (a) The authorized officer shall, at the conclusion of the comment 
period and public meeting provided for in Sec. 2203.3 of this title, 
forward to the Attorney General copies of the comments received in 
response to the request for public comments and the transcript and 
copies of the written comments received at the public meeting.
    (b) The authorized officer shall allow the Attorney General 90 days 
within which the Attorney General may advise, in writing, on the anti-
trust consequences of the proposed exchange.
    (c) If the Attorney General requests additional information 
concerning the proposed exchange, the authorized officer shall request, 
in writing, such information from the person proposing the exchange, 
allowing a maximum period of 30 days for the submission of the requested 
information. The 90-day period provided in paragraph (b) of this section 
shall be extended for the period required to obtain and submit the 
requested information, or 30 days, whichever is sooner.
    (d) If the Attorney General notifies the authorized officer, in 
writing, that additional time is needed to review the anti-trust 
consequences of the proposed exchange, the time provided in paragraph 
(b) of this section, including any additional time provided under 
paragraph (c) of this section, shall be extended for the period 
requested by the Attorney General. If the Attorney General has not 
responded to the request for anti-trust review within the time granted 
for such review, including any extensions thereof, the authorized 
officer may proceed with the exchange

[[Page 72]]

without the advice of the Attorney General.



Sec. 2203.5  Action on advice of the Attorney General.

    (a) The authorized officer shall make any advice received from the 
Attorney General a part of the public record on the proposed exchange.
    (b) Except as provided in Sec. 2203.4(d) of this title, the 
authorized officer shall not make a final decision on the proposed 
exchange and whether it is in the public interest until the advice of 
the Attorney General has been considered. The authorized officer shall, 
in the record of decision on the proposed exchange, discuss the 
consideration given any advice received from the Attorney General in 
reaching the final decision on the proposed exchange.



Group 2300_Withdrawals--Table of Contents






PART 2300_LAND WITHDRAWALS--Table of Contents




                    Subpart 2300_Withdrawals, General

Sec.
2300.0-1 Purpose.
2300.0-3 Authority.
2300.0-5 Definitions.

              Subpart 2310_Withdrawals, General: Procedure

2310.1 Procedures: General.
2310.1-1 Preapplication consultation.
2310.1-2 Submission of applications.
2310.1-3 Submission of withdrawal petitions.
2310.1-4 Cancellation of withdrawal applications or withdrawal proposals 
          and denial of applications.
2310.2 Segregative effect of withdrawal applications or withdrawal 
          proposals.
2310.2-1 Termination of segregative effect of withdrawal applications or 
          withdrawal proposals.
2310.3 Action on withdrawal applications and withdrawal proposals, 
          except for emergency withdrawals.
2310.3-1 Publication and public meeting requirements.
2310.3-2 Development and processing of the case file for submission to 
          the Secretary.
2310.3-3 Action by the Secretary: Public land orders and notices of 
          denial.
2310.3-4 Duration of withdrawals.
2310.3-5 Compensation for improvements.
2310.3-6 Transfer of jurisdiction.
2310.4 Review and extensions of withdrawals.
2310.5 Special action on emergency withdrawals.

      Subpart 2320_Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Withdrawals

2320.0-3 Authority.
2320.1 Lands considered withdrawn or classified for power purposes.
2320.2 General determinations under the Federal Power Act.
2320.3 Applications for restoration.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1201; 43 U.S.C. 1740; E.O. 10355 (17 FR 4831, 
4833).

    Source: 46 FR 5796, Jan. 19, 1981, unless otherwise noted.



                    Subpart 2300_Withdrawals, General



Sec. 2300.0-1  Purpose.

    (a) These regulations set forth procedures implementing the 
Secretary of the Interior's authority to process Federal land withdrawal 
applications and, where appropriate, to make, modify or extend Federal 
land withdrawals. Procedures for making emergency withdrawals are also 
included.
    (b) The regulations do not apply to withdrawals that are made by the 
Secretary of the Interior pursuant to an act of Congress which directs 
the issuance of an order by the Secretary. Likewise, procedures 
applicable to withdrawals authorized under the Surface Mining Control 
and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1272(b); 1281), and procedures 
relating to the Secretary's authority to establish Indian reservations 
or to add lands to the reservations pursuant to special legislation or 
in accordance with section 7 of the Act of June 18, 1934 (25 U.S.C. 
467), as supplemented by section 1 of the Act of May 1, 1936 (25 U.S.C. 
473a), are not included in these regulations.
    (c) General procedures relating to the processing of revocation of 
withdrawals and relating to the relinquishment of reserved Federal land 
areas are not included in this part.



Sec. 2300.0-3  Authority.

    (a)(1) Section 204 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1714) gives the Secretary of the Interior general 
authority to make, modify, extend or revoke withdrawals,

[[Page 73]]

but only in accordance with the provisions and limitations of that 
section. Among other limitations, the Federal Land Policy and Management 
Act of 1976 provides that the Secretary of the Interior does not have 
authority to:
    (i) Make, modify or revoke any withdrawal created by an Act of 
Congress;
    (ii) Make a withdrawal which can be made only by an Act of Congress;
    (iii) Modify or revoke any withdrawal creating national monuments 
under the Act of June 8, 1906 (16 U.S.C. 431-433), sometimes referred to 
as the Antiquities Act;
    (iv) Modify or revoke any withdrawal which added lands to the 
National Wildlife Refuge System prior to October 21, 1976, the date of 
approval of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 or which 
thereafter adds lands to that System under the terms of that Act. In 
this connection, nothing in the Federal Land Policy and Management Act 
of 1976 is intended to modify or change any provision of the Act of 
February 27, 1976 (16 U.S.C. 668 dd(a)).
    (2) Executive Order 10355 of May 26, 1952 (17 FR 4831), confers on 
the Secretary of the Interior all of the delegable authority of the 
President to make, modify and revoke withdrawals and reservations with 
respect to lands of the public domain and other lands owned and 
controlled by the United States in the continental United States or 
Alaska.
    (3) The Act of February 28, 1958 (43 U.S.C. 155-158), sometimes 
referred to as the Engle Act, places on the Secretary of the Interior 
the responsibility to process Department of Defense applications for 
national defense withdrawals, reservations or restrictions aggregating 
5,000 acres or more for any one project or facility. These withdrawals, 
reservations or restrictions may only be made by an act of Congress, 
except in time of war or national emergency declared by the President or 
the Congress and except as otherwise expressly provided in the Act of 
February 28, 1958.
    (4) Section 302(b) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1732(b)) authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to 
regulate the management of the public lands as defined in the Act 
through instruments, such as memorandum of understanding, which the 
Secretary deems appropriate.
    (5) Section 1326(a) of the Alaska National Interest Lands 
Conservation Act (Pub. L. 96-487), authorizes the President and the 
Secretary to make withdrawals exceeding 5,000 acres, in the aggregate, 
in the State of Alaska subject to the provisions that such withdrawals 
shall not become effective until notice is provided in the Federal 
Register and to both Houses of the Congress and such withdrawals shall 
terminate unless Congress passes a Joint Resolution of approval within 
one year after the notice of withdrawal has been submitted to the 
Congress.
    (b) The following references do not afford either withdrawal 
application processing or withdrawal authority but are provided as 
background information.
    (1) Executive Order 6910 of November 26, 1934, and E.O. 6964 of 
February 5, 1935, as modified, withdrew sizable portions of the public 
lands for classification and conservation. These lands and the grazing 
districts estalished under the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934, as amended, 
are subject to the classification and opening procedures of section 7 of 
the Taylor Grazing Act of June 28, 1934, as amended (43 U.S.C. 315f); 
however, they are not closed to the operation of the mining or mineral 
leasing laws unless separately withdrawn or reserved, classified for 
retention from disposal, or precluded from mineral leasing or mining 
location under other authority.
    (2) The Classification and Multiple Use Act of September 19, 1964 
(43 U.S.C. 1411-1418), authorized the Secretary of the Interior through 
the Bureau of Land Management for retention or disposal under Federal 
ownership and management. Numerous classification decisions based upon 
this statutory authority were made by the Secretary of the Interior. For 
the effect of these classification with regard to the disposal and 
leasing laws of the United States, see subparts 2440 and 2461 of this 
title.
    (3) Section 202 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43

[[Page 74]]

U.S.C. 1712) provides for land use planning and resultant management 
decisions which may operate to totally eliminate a particular land use, 
including one or more principal or major uses, as defined in the Act. 
Withdrawals made pursuant to section 204 of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 may be used in appropriate cases, to carry out 
management decisions, except that public lands, as defined in the Act, 
can be removed from or restored to the operation of the Mining Law of 
1872, as amended, or transferred to another department, agency or 
office, only by withdrawal action pursuant to section 204 of the Federal 
Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 or other action pursuant to 
applicable law.
    (4) The first proviso of section 302(b) of the Federal Land Policy 
and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1732(b)) provides, in part, that 
unless otherwise provided for by law, the Secretary of the Interior may 
permit Federal departments and agencies to use, occupy and develop 
public lands only through rights-of-way under section 507 of the Act (43 
U.S.C. 1767); withdrawals under section 204 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714); 
and, where the proposed use and development are similar or closely 
related to the programs of the Secretary for the public lands involved, 
cooperative agreements under section 307(b) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 
1737(b)).
    (5) Section 701(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 note) provides that all withdrawals, reservations, 
classifications and designations in effect on October 21, 1976, the 
effective date of the Act, shall remain in full force and effect until 
modified under the provisions of the Act or other applicable law.



Sec. 2300.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this part, the term:
    (a) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior or a secretarial 
officer subordinate to the Secretary who has been appointed by the 
President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and to whom 
has been delegated the authority of the Secretary to perform the duties 
described in this part to be performed by the Secretary.
    (b) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management to whom has been delegated the authority to perform the 
duties described in this part to be performed by the authorized officer.
    (c) Act means the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), unless otherwise specified.
    (d) Lands includes both upland and submerged land areas and any 
right or interest in such areas. To the extent provided in section 1 of 
the Act of February 28, 1958 (43 U.S.C. 155), the term also includes 
offshore waters.
    (e) Cultural resources means those fragile and nonrenewable physical 
remains of human activity found in districts, sites, structures, burial 
mounds, petroglyphs, artifacts, objects, ruins, works of art, 
architecture or natural settings or features which were important to 
prehistoric, historic or other land and resource use events.
    (f) Archeological areas/resources means sites or areas containing 
important evidence or the physical remains of former but now extinct 
cultural groups, their skeletons, settlements, implements, artifacts, 
monuments and inscriptions.
    (g) Resource use means a land use having as its primary objective 
the preservation, conservation, enhancement or development of:
    (1) Any renewable or nonrenewable natural resource indigenous to a 
particular land area, including, but not limited to, mineral, timber, 
forage, water, fish or wildlife resources, or
    (2) Any resource value associated with a particular land area, 
including, but not limited to, watershed, power, scenic, wilderness, 
clean air or recreational values. The term does not include military or 
other governmental activities requiring land sites only as an incidental 
means to achieving an end not related primarily to the preservation, 
conservation, enhancement or development of natural resources or 
resource values indigenous to or associated with a particular land area.
    (h) Withdrawal means withholding an area of Federal land from 
settlement, sale, location, or entry under some or all of the general 
land laws, for the purpose of limiting activites under

[[Page 75]]

those laws in order to maintain other public values in the area or 
reserving the area for a particular public purpose or program; or 
transferring jurisdiction over an area of Federal land, other than 
property governed by the Federal Property and Administrative Services 
Act (40 U.S.C. 472), from one department, bureau or agency to another 
department, bureau or agency.
    (i) Department means a unit of the Executive branch of the Federal 
Government which is headed by a member of the President's Cabinet.
    (j) Agency means a unit of the Executive branch of the Federal 
Government which is not within a Department.
    (k) Office means an office or bureau of the Department of the 
Interior.
    (l) Applicant means any Federal department, agency or office.
    (m) Segregation means the removal for a limited period, subject to 
valid existing rights, of a specified area of the public lands from the 
operation of the public land laws, including the mining laws, pursuant 
to the exercise by the Secretary of regulatory authority to allow for 
the orderly administration of the public lands.
    (n) Legal description means a written land description based upon 
either an approved and filed Federal land survey executed as a part of 
the United States Public Land Survey System or, where specifically 
authorized under Federal law, upon a protraction diagram. In the absence 
of the foregoing, the term means a written description, approved by the 
authorized officer, which defines the exterior boundaries of a tract of 
land by reference to a metes and bounds survey or natural or other 
monuments.
    (o) Modify or modification does not include, for the purposes of 
section 204 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714), the addition of lands to an 
existing withdrawal or the partial revocation of a withdrawal.
    (p) Withdrawal petition means a request, originated within the 
Department of the Interior and submitted to the Secretary, to file an 
application for withdrawal.
    (q) Withdrawal proposal means a withdrawal petition approved by the 
Secretary.



              Subpart 2310_Withdrawals, General: Procedure



Sec. 2310.1  Procedures: General.

    (a) The basic steps leading up to the making, modification or 
extension of a withdrawal, except emergency withdrawals, are:
    (1) Preapplication consultation;
    (2) Obtaining Secretarial approval of a withdrawal petition in 
appropriate cases;
    (3) Submission for filing of an application for a requested 
withdrawal action;
    (4) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice stating that a 
withdrawal proposal has been made or that an application has been 
submitted for filing.
    (5) Negotiations between the applicant and the authorized officer as 
well as the accomplishment of investigations, studies and analyses which 
may be required to process an application.
    (6) Preparation of the case file to be considered by the Secretary, 
including the authorized officer's findings and recommendations;
    (7) Transmittal of the case file to the Director, Bureau of Land 
Management, for the Director's review and decision regarding the 
findings and recommendations of the authorized officer;
    (8) Transmittal of the case file to the Secretary.
    (9) Publication of a public land order or a notice of denial signed 
by the Secretary. If the application seeks a national defense withdrawal 
that may only be made by an Act of Congress, the Secretary will transmit 
to the Congress proposed legislation along with the Secretary's 
recommendations, and documentation relating thereto.



Sec. 2310.1-1  Preapplication consultation.

    A potential applicant should contact the appropriate State office of 
the Bureau of Land Management well in advance of the anticipated 
submission date of an application. Early consultation can familiarize 
the potential applicant with the responsibilities of an applicant, the 
authorized officer and the Secretary. Early consultation also will 
assist in determining the need for

[[Page 76]]

a withdrawal, taking possible alternatives into account, increase the 
likelihood that the applicant's needs will be considered in ongoing land 
use planning, assist in determining the extent to which any public lands 
that may be involved would have to be segregated if an application is 
submitted; and result in preliminary determinations regarding the 
scheduling of various investigations, studies, analyses, public meetings 
and negotiations that may be required for a withdrawal. Studies and 
analyses should be programmed to ensure their completion in sufficient 
time to allow the Secretary or the Congress adequate time to act on the 
application before the expiration of the segregation period.



Sec. 2310.1-2  Submission of applications.

    (a) Applications for the making, modification or extension of a 
withdrawal shall be submitted for filing, in duplicate, in the proper 
Bureau of Land Management office, as set forth in Sec. 1821.2-1 of this 
title, except for emergency withdrawal requests and applications that 
are classified for national security reasons. Requests for emergency 
withdrawals and applications that are classified for national security 
reasons shall be submitted, in duplicate, in the Office of the 
Secretary, Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. 20240.
    (b) Before the authorized officer can take action on a withdrawal 
proposal, a withdrawal application in support thereof shall be 
submitted. The application may be submitted simultaneously with the 
making of a withdrawal proposal, in which case only the notice required 
by Sec. 2310.3-1(a) of this title, referencing both the application and 
the withdrawal proposal, shall be published.
    (c) No specific form is required, but, except as otherwise provided 
in Sec. 2310.3-6(b) of this title, the application shall contain at 
least the following information:
    (1) The name and address of the applicant. Where the organization 
intending to use the lands is different from the applicant, the name and 
address of such using agency shall also be included.
    (2) If the applicant is a department or agency other than the 
Department of the Interior or an office thereof, a statement of the 
delegation or delegations of authority of the official acting on behalf 
of the department or agency submitting the application, substantiating 
that the official is empowered to act on behalf of the head of the 
department or agency in connection with all matters pertaining to the 
application.
    (3) If the lands which are subject to an application are wholly or 
partially under the administration of any department or agency other 
than the Department of the Interior, the Secretary shall make or modify 
a withdrawal only with the consent of the head of the department or 
agency concerned, except in the case of an emergency withdrawal. In such 
case, a copy of the written consent shall accompany the application. The 
requirements of section (e) of E.O. 10355 (17 FR 4831), shall be 
complied with in those instances where the Order applies.
    (4) The type of withdrawal action that is being requested (See Sec. 
2300.0-5(h) of this title) and whether the application pertains to the 
making, extension or modification of a withdrawal.
    (5) A description of the lands involved in the application, which 
shall consist of the following:
    (i) A legal description of the entire land area that falls within 
the exterior boundaries of the affected area and the total acreage of 
such lands;
    (ii) A legal description of the lands, Federal or otherwise, within 
the exterior boundaries that are to be excepted from the requested 
action, and after deducting the total acreage of all the excepted lands, 
the net remaining acreage of all Federal lands (as well as all non-
Federal lands which, if they should be returned to or should pass to 
Federal ownership, would become subject to the withdrawal) within the 
exterior boundaries of the affected land areas;
    (iii) In the case of a national defense withdrawal which can only be 
made by an Act of Congress, sections 3(2) and 3(3) of the Act of 
February 28, 1958 (43 U.S.C. 157 (2), (3)) shall be complied with in 
lieu of paragraphs (c)(5) (i) and (ii) of this section.
    (6) If the application is for a withdrawal that would overlap, or 
that

[[Page 77]]

would add lands to one or more existing withdrawals, the application 
shall also contain:
    (i) An identification of each of the existing withdrawals, including 
the project name, if any, the date of the withdrawal order, the number 
and type of order, if known, or, in lieu of the foregoing, a copy of the 
order;
    (ii) As to each existing withdrawal that would be overlapped by the 
requested withdrawal, the total area and a legal description of the area 
that would be overlapped; and
    (iii) The total acreage, Federal or otherwise, that would be added 
to the existing withdrawal, if the new application is allowed.
    (7) The public purpose or statutory program for which the lands 
would be withdrawn. If the purpose or program for which the lands would 
be withdrawn is classified for national security reasons, a statement to 
that effect shall be included; but, if at all possible, a general 
description of the use to which the lands would be devoted, if the 
requested withdrawal is allowed, should be included. In the case of 
applications that are not classified for national security reasons, an 
analysis of the manner in which the lands as well as their natural 
resources and resource values would be used to implement the purpose or 
program shall be provided.
    (8) The extent to which the lands embraced in the application are 
requested to be withheld from settlement, sale, location or entry under 
the public land laws, including the mining laws, together with the 
extent to which, and the time during which, the lands involved in the 
application would be temporarily segregated in accordance with Sec. 
2310.2 of this subpart.
    (9) The type of temporary land use that, at the discretion of the 
authorized officer, may be permitted or allowed during the segregation 
period, in accordance with Sec. 2310.2 of this subpart.
    (10) An analysis and explanation of why neither a right-of-way under 
section 507 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1767), nor a cooperative agreement 
under sections 302(b) (43 U.S.C. 1732(b)) and 307(b) (43 U.S.C. 1737(b)) 
of the act would adequately provide for the proposed use.
    (11) The duration of the withdrawal, with a statement in 
justification thereof (see Sec. 2310.3-4 of this title). Where an 
extension of an existing withdrawal is requested, its duration may not 
exceed the duration of the existing withdrawal.
    (12) A statement as to whether any suitable alternative sites are 
available for the proposed use or for uses which the requested 
withdrawal action would displace. The statement shall include a study 
comparing the projected costs of obtaining each alternative site in 
suitable condition for the intended use, as well as the projected costs 
of obtaining and developing each alternative site for uses that the 
requested withdrawal action would displace.
    (13) A statement as to whether water will or will not be needed to 
fulfill the purpose of the requested withdrawal action.
    (14) The place where records relating to the application can be 
examined by interested persons.
    (d) Except in the case of an emergency withdrawal, if the preceding 
application requirements have not been met, or if an application seeks 
an action that is not within the scope of the Secretary's authority, the 
application may be rejected by the authorized officer as a defective 
application.



Sec. 2310.1-3  Submission of withdrawal petitions.

    (a) Withdrawal petitions shall be submitted to the Director, Bureau 
of Land Management, for transmittal to the Secretary.
    (b) No specific form is required, but the petition shall contain at 
least the following information:
    (1) The office originating the petition;
    (2) The type and purpose of the proposed withdrawal action (See 
Sec. 2300.0-5(h) of this title) and whether the petition pertains to 
the making, extension or modification of a withdrawal;
    (3) A legal description of the entire land area that falls within 
the exterior boundaries affected by the petition, together with the 
total acreage of such lands, and a map of the area;
    (4) The extent to which and the time during which any public lands 
that may be involved in the petition would

[[Page 78]]

be temporarily segregated and the temporary land uses that may be 
permitted during the segregation period, in accordance with Sec. 2310.2 
of this title; and
    (5) A preliminary identification of the mineral resources in the 
area.
    (c) Except in the case of petitions seeking emergency withdrawals, 
if a petition is submitted simultaneously with a withdrawal application, 
the information requirements pertaining to withdrawal applications (See 
Sec. 2310.1-2 of this title), shall supersede the requirements of this 
section.
    (d) If a petition seeks an emergency withdrawal under the provisions 
of section 204(e) of the act, the petition shall be filed simultaneously 
with an application for withdrawal. In such instances, the petition/
application shall provide as much of the information required by 
Sec. Sec. 2310.1-2(c) and 2310.3-2(b) of this title as is available to 
the petitioner when the petition is submitted.
    (e) Upon the approval by the Secretary of a petition for withdrawal, 
the petition shall be considered as a Secretarial proposal for 
withdrawal, and notice of the withdrawal proposal shall be published 
immediately in the Federal Register in accordance with Sec. 2310.3-1(a) 
of this title. If a petition which seeks an emergency withdrawal is 
approved by the Secretary, the publication and notice provisions 
pertaining to emergency withdrawals shall be applicable. (See Sec. 
2310.5 of this title.)



Sec. 2310.1-4  Cancellation of withdrawal applications or withdrawal proposals
and denial of applications.

    (a) Withdrawal or extension applications and proposals shall be 
amended promptly to cancel the application or proposal, in whole or in 
part, with respect to any lands which the applicant, in the case of 
applications, or the office, in the case of proposals, determines are no 
longer needed in connection with a requested or proposed action. The 
filing of a cancellation notice in each such case shall result in the 
termination of the segregation of the public lands that are to be 
eliminated from the withdrawal application or withdrawal proposal. (See 
Sec. 2310.2-1 of this title)
    (b) The Secretary may deny an application if the costs (as defined 
in section 304(b) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1734(b)) estimated to be 
incurred by the Department of the Interior would, in the judgment of the 
Secretary, be excessive in relation to available funds appropriated for 
processing applications requesting a discretionary withdrawal, or a 
modification or extension of a withdrawal.



Sec. 2310.2  Segregative effect of withdrawal applications or withdrawal
proposals.

    The following provisions apply only to applications or proposals to 
withdraw lands and not to applications or proposals seeking to modify or 
extend withdrawals.
    (a) Withdrawal applications or withdrawal proposals submitted on or 
after October 21, 1976. Within 30 days of the submission for filing of a 
withdrawal application, or whenever a withdrawal proposal is made, a 
notice stating that the application has been submitted or that the 
proposal has been made, shall be published in the Federal Register by 
the authorized officer. Publication of the notice in the Federal 
Register shall segregate the lands described in the application or 
proposal from settlement, sale, location or entry under the public land 
laws, including the mining laws, to the extent specified in the notice, 
for 2 years from the date of publication of the notice unless the 
segregative effect is terminated sooner in accordance with the 
provisions of this part. The notices published pursuant to the 
provisions of this section shall be the same notices required by Sec. 
2310.3-1 of this title. Publication of a notice of a withdrawal 
application that is based on a prior withdrawal proposal, notice of 
which was published in the Federal Register, shall not operate to extend 
the segregation period which commenced upon the publication of the prior 
withdrawal proposal.
    (b) Withdrawal applications submitted before October 21, 1976. The 
public lands described in a withdrawal application filed before October 
21, 1976, shall remain segregated through October 20, 1991, from 
settlement, sale, location or entry under the public land laws, 
including the mining laws, to the extent

[[Page 79]]

specified in the Federal Register notice or notices that pertain to the 
application, unless the segregative effect of the application is 
terminated sooner in accordance with other provisions of this part. Any 
amendment made on or after October 21, 1976, of a withdrawal application 
submitted before October 21, 1976, for the purpose of adding Federal 
lands to the lands described in a previous application, shall require 
the publication in the Federal Register, within 30 days of receipt of 
the amended application, of a notice of the amendment of the withdrawal 
application. All of the lands described in the amended application which 
includes those lands described in the original application shall be 
segregated for 2 years from the date of publication of the notice of the 
amended application in the Federal Register.
    (c) Applications for licenses, permits, cooperative agreements or 
other discretionary land use authorizations of a temporary nature that 
are filed on or after October 21, 1976, regarding lands involved in a 
withdrawal application or a withdrawal proposal and that are listed in 
the notices required by Sec. 2310.3-2 of this title as permissible 
during the segregation period, may be approved by the authorized officer 
while the lands remain segregated.
    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, 
applications for the use of lands involved in a withdrawal application 
or a withdrawal proposal, the allowance of which is discretionary, shall 
be denied.
    (e) The temporary segregation of lands in connection with a 
withdrawal application or a withdrawal proposal shall not affect in any 
respect Federal agency administrative jurisdiction of the lands, and the 
segregation shall not have the effect of authorizing or permitting any 
use of the lands by the applicant or using agency.



Sec. 2310.2-1  Termination of the segregative effect of withdrawal applications or withdrawal proposals.

    (a) The publication in the Federal Register of an order allowing a 
withdrawal application, in whole or in part, shall terminate the 
segregative effect of the application as to those lands withdrawn by the 
order.
    (b) The denial of a withdrawal application, in whole or in part, 
shall result in the termination of the segregative effect of the 
application or proposal as to those lands where the withdrawal is 
disallowed. Within 30 days following the decision to disallow the 
application or proposal, in whole or in part, the authorized officer 
shall publish a notice in the Federal Register specifying the reasons 
for the denial and the date that the segregative period terminated. The 
termination date of the segregation period shall be noted promptly on 
the public land status records on or before the termination date.
    (c) The cancellation, in whole or in part, of a withdrawal 
application or a withdrawal proposal shall result in the termination of 
the segregative effect of the application or proposal, as to those lands 
deleted from the application or proposal. The authorized officer shall 
publish a notice in the Federal Register, within 30 days following the 
date of receipt of the cancellation, specifying the date that the 
segregation terminated. The termination date of the segregation shall be 
noted promptly on the public land status records. If the cancellation 
applies to only a portion of the public lands that are described in the 
withdrawal application or withdrawal proposal, then the lands that are 
not affected by the cancellation shall remain segregated.
    (d) The segregative effect resulting from the publication on or 
after October 21, 1976, of a Federal Register notice of the submission 
of a withdrawal application or the making of a withdrawal proposal shall 
terminate 2 years after the publication date of the Federal Register 
notice unless the segregation is terminated sooner by other provisions 
of this section. A notice specifying the date and time of termination 
shall be published in the Federal Register by the authorized officer 30 
days in advance of the termination date. The public land status records 
shall be noted as to the termination date of the segregation period on 
or before the termination date. Such a termination shall not affect the 
processing of the withdrawal application.
    (e) The segregative effect resulting from the submission of a 
withdrawal

[[Page 80]]

application or withdrawal proposal before October 21, 1976, shall 
terminate on October 20, 1991, unless the segregation is terminated 
sooner by other provisions of this part. A notice specifying the date 
and time of termination shall be published in the Federal Register by 
the authorized officer 30 days in advance of October 20, 1991. The 
public land status records shall be noted as to the termination date of 
the segregation period on or before October 20, 1991.



Sec. 2310.3  Action on withdrawal applications and withdrawal proposals,
except for emergency withdrawals.



Sec. 2310.3-1  Publication and public meeting requirements.

    (a) When a withdrawal proposal is made, a notice to that effect 
shall be published immediately in the Federal Register. The notice shall 
contain the information required by Sec. 2310.1-3 of this title. In the 
event a withdrawal petition, which subsequently becomes a withdrawal 
proposal, is submitted simultaneously with a withdrawal application, the 
information requirements for notices pertaining to withdrawal 
applications (See paragraph (b) of this section) shall supersede the 
information requirements of this paragraph. However, in such instances, 
the notice required by paragraph (b) of this section shall be published 
immediately without regard to the 30-day period allowed for the filing 
for publication in the Federal Register of withdrawal application 
notices.
    (b)(1) Except for emergency withdrawals and except as otherwise 
provided in paragraph (a) of this section, within 30 days of the 
submission for filing of a withdrawal, extension or modification 
application, the authorized officer shall publish in the Federal 
Register a notice to that effect. The authorized officer also shall 
publish the same notice in at least one newspaper having a general 
circulation in the vicinity of the lands involved and, with the 
cooperation and assistance of the applicant, when appropriate, shall 
provide sufficient publicity to inform the interested public of the 
requested action.
    (2) The notice shall contain, in summary form, the information 
required by Sec. 2310.1-2 of this title, except that the authorized 
officer may exclude the information required by Sec. 2310.1-2(c)(2) of 
this title, and as much of the descriptive information required by Sec. 
2310.1-2(c) (5) and (6) of this title as the authorized officer 
considers appropriate. The notice shall:
    (i) Provide a legal description of the lands affected by the 
application, together with the total acreage of such lands;
    (ii) Specify the extent to which and the time during which any lands 
that may be involved may be segregated in accordance with Sec. 2310.2 
of this title;
    (iii) Identify the temporary land uses that may be permitted or 
allowed during the segregation period as provided for in Sec. 2310.2(c) 
of this title;
    (iv) Provide for a suitable period of at least 90 days after 
publication of the notice, for public comment on the requested action;
    (v) Solicit written comments from the public as to the requested 
action and provide for one or more public meetings in relation to 
requested actions involving 5,000 or more acres in the aggregate and, as 
to requested actions involving less than 5,000 acres, solicit and 
evaluate the written comments of the public as to the requested action 
and as to the need for public meetings;
    (vi) State, in the case of a national defense withdrawal which can 
only be made by an Act of Congress, that if the withdrawal is to be 
made, it will be made by an Act of Congress;
    (vii) Provide the address of the Bureau of Land Management office in 
which the application and the case file pertaining to it are available 
for public inspection and to which the written comments of the public 
should be sent;
    (viii) State that the application will be processed in accordance 
with the regulations set forth in part 2300 of this title;
    (ix) Reference, if appropriate, the Federal Register in which the 
notice of a withdrawal proposal, if any, pertaining to the application 
was published previously;
    (x) Provide such additional information as the authorized officer 
deems necessary or appropriate.
    (c)(1) In determining whether a public meeting will be held on 
applications

[[Page 81]]

involving less than 5,000 acres of land, the authorized officer shall 
consider whether or not:
    (i) A large number of persons have expressed objections to or 
suggestions regarding the requested action;
    (ii) The objections or suggestions expressed appear to have merit 
without regard to the number of persons responding;
    (iii) A public meeting can effectively develop information which 
would otherwise be difficult or costly to accumulate;
    (iv) The requested action, because of the amount of acreage 
involved, the location of the affected lands or other relevant factors, 
would have an important effect on the public, as for example, the 
national or regional economy;
    (v) There is an appreciable public interest in the lands or their 
use, as indicated by the records of the Bureau of Land Management;
    (vi) There is prevailing public opinion in the area that favors 
public meetings or shows particular concern over withdrawal actions; and
    (vii) The applicant has requested a public meeting.
    (2) A public meeting, whether required or determined by the 
authorized officer to be necessary, shall be held at a time and place 
convenient to the interested public, the applicant and the authorized 
officer. A notice stating the time and place of the meeting, shall be 
published in the Federal Register and in at least one newspaper having a 
general circulation in the vicinity of lands involved in the requested 
action, at least 30 days before the scheduled date of the meeting.



Sec. 2310.3-2  Development and processing of the case file for submission to the Secretary.

    (a) Except as otherwise provided in Sec. 2310.3-6(b) of this title, 
the information, studies, analyses and reports identified in this 
paragraph that are required by applicable statutes, or which the 
authorized officer determines to be required for the Secretary or the 
Congress to make a decision or recommendation on a requested withdrawal, 
shall be provided by the applicant. The authorized officer shall assist 
the applicant to the extent the authorized officer considers it 
necessary or appropriate to do so. The qualifications of all specialists 
utilized by either the authorized officer or the applicant to prepare 
the information, studies, analyses and reports shall be provided.
    (b) The information, studies, analyses and reports which, as 
appropriate, shall be provided by the applicant shall include:
    (1) A report identifying the present users of the lands involved, 
explaining how the users will be affected by the proposed use and 
analyzing the manner in which existing and potential resource uses are 
incompatible with or conflict with the proposed use of the lands and 
resources that would be affected by the requested action. The report 
shall also specify the provisions that are to be made for, and an 
economic analysis of, the continuation, alteration or termination of 
existing uses. If the provisions of Sec. 2310.3-5 of this title are 
applicable to the proposed withdrawal, the applicant shall also furnish 
a certification that the requirements of that section shall be satisfied 
promptly if the withdrawal is allowed or authorized.
    (2) If the application states that the use of water in any State 
will be necessary to fulfill the purposes of the requested withdrawal, 
extension or modification, a report specifying that the applicant or 
using agency has acquired, or proposes to acquire, rights to the use of 
the water in conformity with applicable State laws and procedures 
relating to the control, appropriation, use and distribution of water, 
or whether the withdrawal is intended to reserve, pursuant to Federal 
law, sufficient unappropriated water to fulfill the purposes of the 
withdrawal. Water shall be reserved pursuant to Federal law for use in 
carrying out the purposes of the withdrawal only if specifically so 
stated in the relevant withdrawal order, as provided in Sec. 2310.3-
3(b) of this title and only to the extent needed for the purpose or 
purposes of the withdrawal as expressed in the withdrawal order. The 
applicant shall also provide proof of notification of the involved 
State's department of water resources when a land use needed to carry 
out the purposes of the requested withdrawal will involve utilization of

[[Page 82]]

the water resources in a State. As a condition to the allowance of an 
order reserving water, the applicant shall certify to the Secretary that 
it shall quantify the amount of water to be reserved by the order.
    (3) An environmental assessment, an environmental impact statement 
or any other documents as are needed to meet the requirements of the 
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)), and 
the regulations applicable thereto. The authorized officer shall 
participate in the development of environmental assessments or impact 
statements. The applicant shall designate the Bureau of Land Management 
as a cooperating agency and shall comply with the requirements of the 
regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality. The Bureau of Land 
Management shall, at a minimum, independently evaluate and review the 
final product. The following items shall either be included in the 
assessment or impact statement, or they may be submitted separately, 
with appropriate cross references.
    (i) A report on the identification of cultural resources prepared in 
accordance with the requirements of 36 CFR part 800, and other 
applicable regulations.
    (ii) An identification of the roadless areas or roadless islands 
having wilderness characteristics, as described in the Wilderness Act of 
1964 (16 U.S.C. 1131, et seq.), which exist within the area covered by 
the requested withdrawal action.
    (iii) A mineral resource analysis prepared by a qualified mining 
engineer, engineering geologist or geologist which shall include, but 
shall not be limited to, information on: General geology, known mineral 
deposits, past and present mineral production, mining claims, mineral 
leases, evaluation of future mineral potential and present and potential 
market demands.
    (iv) A biological assessment of any listed or proposed endangered or 
threatened species, and their critical habitat, which may occur on or in 
the vicinity of the involved lands, prepared in accordance with the 
provisions of section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as 
amended (16 U.S.C. 1536), and regulations applicable thereto, if the 
Secretary determines that assessment is required by law.
    (v) An analysis of the economic impact of the proposed uses and 
changes in use associated with the requested action on individuals, 
local communities, State and local government interests, the regional 
economy and the Nation as a whole.
    (vi) A statement as to the extent and manner in which the public 
participated in the environmental review process.
    (4) A statement with specific supporting data, as to:
    (i) Whether the lands involved are floodplains or are considered 
wetlands; and
    (ii) Whether the existing and proposed uses would affect or be 
affected by such floodplains or wetlands and, if so, to what degree and 
in what manner. The statement shall indicate whether, if the requested 
action is allowed, it will comply with the provisions of Executive 
Orders 11988 and 11990 of May 24, 1977 (42 FR 26951; 26961).
    (5) A statement of the consultation which has been or will be 
conducted with other Federal departments or agencies; with regional, 
State and local Government bodies; and with individuals and 
nongovernmental groups regarding the requested action.
    (c) Prior to final action being taken in connection with an 
application, the applicant shall prepare, with the guidance and 
participation of the authorized officer, and subject to the approval of 
the authorized officer, the Secretary and other affected departments, 
agencies or offices, a resource management plan and implementation 
program regarding the use and management of any public lands with their 
related resources uses. Consideration shall be given to the impact of 
the proposed reservation on access to and the use of the land areas that 
are located in the vicinity of the lands proposed to be withdrawn. Where 
appropriate, the plan and program will be implemented by means of a 
memorandum of understanding between the affected agencies. Any 
allocation of jurisdiction between the agencies shall be effected in the 
public land order or legislation. In those cases where the Secretary, 
acting

[[Page 83]]

through the Bureau of Land Management, would continue to exercise 
partial jurisdiction, resource management of withdrawn areas may be 
governed by the issuance of management decisions by the Bureau of Land 
Management to implement land use plans developed or revised under the 
land use planning requirements of section 202 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 
1712).
    (d) In regard to national defense withdrawals that can only be made 
by an Act of Congress, and to the extent that they are not otherwise 
satisfied by the information, studies, analyses and reports provided in 
accordance with the provisions of this section, the provisions of 
section 3(7) of the Act of February 28, 1958 (43 U.S.C. 157(7)), shall 
be complied with.
    (e) The authorized officer shall develop preliminary findings and 
recommendations to be submitted to the Secretary, advise the applicant 
of the findings and recommendations, and provide the applicant an 
opportunity to discuss any objections thereto which the applicant may 
have.
    (f) Following the discussion process, or in the absence thereof, the 
authorized officer shall prepare the findings, keyed specifically to the 
relevant portions of the case file, and the recommendations to the 
Secretary in connection with the application. The authorized officer 
also shall prepare, for consideration by the Secretary, a proposed order 
or notice of denial. In the case of a national defense withdrawal which 
can only be made by an Act of Congress, the authorized officer shall 
prepare, with the cooperation of the applicant, a draft legislative 
proposal to implement the applicant's withdrawal request, together with 
proposed recommendations for submission by the Secretary to the 
Congress. The findings and recommendations of the authorized officer, 
and the other documents previously specified in this section to be 
prepared by the authorized officer shall be made a part of the case 
file. The case file shall then be sent to the Director, Bureau of Land 
Management. At the same time, a copy of the findings and recommendations 
of the authorized officer shall be sent to the applicant.
    (1) If the applicant objects to the authorized officer's findings 
and recommendations to the Secretary, the applicant may, within 30 days 
of the receipt by the applicant of notification thereof, state its 
objections in writing and request the Director to review the authorized 
officer's findings and recommendations. The applicant shall be advised 
of the Director's decision within 30 days of receipt of the applicant's 
statement of objections in the Bureau of Land Management's Washington 
office. The applicant's statement of objections and the Director's 
decision shall be made a part of the case file and thereafter the case 
file shall be submitted to the Secretary.
    (2) If the applicant disagrees with the decision of the Director, 
Bureau of Land Management, the applicant may, within 30 days of receipt 
by the applicant of the Director's decision, submit to the Secretary a 
statement of reasons for disagreement. The statement shall be considered 
by the Secretary together with the findings and recommendations of the 
authorized officer, the applicant's statement of objections, the 
decision of the Director, the balance of the case file and such 
additional information as the Secretary may request.



Sec. 2310.3-3  Action by the Secretary: Public land orders and notices of denial.

    (a) Except for national defense withdrawals which can only be made 
by an Act of Congress, and except as may be otherwise provided in 
section 1(d) of Executive Order 10355 (17 FR 4833), for applications 
that are subject to that order, the allowance or denial, in whole or in 
part, of a withdrawal, modification or extension application, may only 
be made by the Secretary.
    (b)(1) Before the allowance of an application, in whole or in part, 
the Secretary shall first approve all applicable memoranda of 
understanding and the applicant shall make all certifications required 
in this part. When an application has been finally allowed, in whole or 
in part, by the Secretary, an order to that effect shall be published 
promptly in the Federal Register. Each order shall be designated as, and 
shall be signed by the Secretary and

[[Page 84]]

issued in the form of, a public land order. Water shall be reserved 
pursuant to Federal law for use in carrying out the purposes of the 
withdrawal only if specifically so stated in the relevant public land 
order. In appropriate cases, the public land order also shall refer to 
the memorandum of understanding discussed in Sec. 2310.3-2(c) of this 
title and shall be drawn to comply with Sec. 2310.3-6 of this title.
    (2) On the same day an order withdrawing 5,000 or more acres in the 
aggregate is signed, the Secretary shall advise, in writing, each House 
of the Congress, or in the case of an emergency withdrawal, the 
appropriate Committee of each House, of the withdrawal action taken. 
Pursuant to the Secretary's authority under the act, the notices that 
are sent to the Congress shall be accompanied by the information 
required by section 204(c)(2) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(c)(2)), except 
in the case of an emergency withdrawal, transmittal of the required 
information may be delayed as provided in Sec. 2310.5(c) of this title.
    (c) When the action sought in an application involves the exercise 
by the Secretary of authority delegated by Executive Order 10355 (17 FR 
4831) and the Secretary denies the application in whole or in part, the 
applicant shall be notified of the reasons for the Secretary's decision. 
The decision shall be subject to further consideration only if the 
applicant informs the Secretary, in writing, within 15 days of the 
receipt by the applicant of the Secretary's decision, that the applicant 
has submitted the matter to the Office of Management and Budget for 
consideration and adjustment, as provided for in section 1(d) of the 
Executive Order.
    (d) A withdrawal application shall be denied, if, in the opinion of 
the Secretary, the applicant is attempting to circumvent the 
Congressional review provisions of section 204(c)(1) of the Act (43 
U.S.C. 1714(c)(1)) concerning withdrawals of 5,000 or more acres in the 
aggregate.
    (e) When an application is denied in its entirety by the Secretary, 
a notice to that effect, signed by the Secretary, shall be published 
promptly in the Federal Register.
    (f) In the case of a national defense withdrawal that may only be 
made by an Act of Congress, the Secretary shall transmit to the Congress 
proposed legislation effecting the withdrawal requested, together with 
the recommendations of the Secretary which may or may not support the 
proposed legislation in whole or in part. The proposed legislation shall 
contain such provisions for continued operation of the public land laws 
as to the public land areas included in the requested withdrawal as 
shall be determined by the Secretary to be compatible with the intended 
military use.



Sec. 2310.3-4  Duration of withdrawals.

    (a) An order initially withdrawing 5,000 or more acres of land in 
the aggregate, on the basis of the Secretary's authority under section 
204 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714), may be made for a period not to exceed 
20 years from the date the order is signed, except that withdrawals 
exceeding 5,000 acres in the State of Alaska shall not become effective 
until notice is provided in the Federal Register and to both Houses of 
Congress. All orders withdrawing 5,000 or more acres in the aggregate 
shall be subject to the Congressional review provision of section 204(c) 
of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(c)), except as follows:
    (1) A National Wildlife Refuge System withdrawal may not be 
terminated as provided in section 204(c)(1) of the Act (43 U.S.C 
1714(c)(1)) other than by an Act of Congress; or
    (2) A withdrawal exceeding 5,000 acres in the State of Alaska shall 
terminate unless Congress passes a Joint Resolution of approval within 1 
year after the notice of such withdrawal has been submitted to the 
Congress.
    (b) An order initially withdrawing less than 5,000 acres of land, in 
the aggregate, on the basis of the Secretary's authority under section 
204 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714), may be made:
    (1) For such time as the Secretary determines desirable for a 
resource use;
    (2) For not more than 20 years for any other use, including, but not 
limited to, the use of lands for non-resource uses, related 
administrative sites and facilities or for other proprietary purposes; 
or

[[Page 85]]

    (3) For not more than 5 years to preserve the lands for a specific 
use then under consideration by either House of Congress.
    (c) An order withdrawing lands on the basis of an emergency as 
provided for in section 204(e) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(e)) may be 
made for not more than 3 years.
    (d) Except for emergency withdrawals, withdrawals of specific 
duration may be extended, as provided for in Sec. 2310.4 of this title.



Sec. 2310.3-5  Compensation for improvements.

    (a) When an application is allowed, the applicant shall compensate 
the holder of record of each permit, license or lease lawfully 
terminated or revoked after the allowance of an application, for all 
authorized improvements placed on the lands under the terms and 
conditions of the permit, license or lease, before the lands were 
segregated or withdrawn. The amount of such compensation shall be 
determined by an appraisal as of the date of revocation or termination 
of the permit, license or lease, but shall not exceed fair market value. 
To the extent such improvements were constructed with Federal funds, 
they shall not be compensable unless the United States has been 
reimbursed for such funds prior to the allowance of the application and 
then only to the extent of the sum that the United States has received.
    (b) When an application is allowed that affects public lands which 
are subject to permits or leases for the grazing of domestic livestock 
and that is required to be terminated, the applicant shall comply with 
the cancellation notice and compensation requirements of section 402(g) 
of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1752(g)), to the extent applicable.



Sec. 2310.3-6  Transfer of jurisdiction.

    A public land order that reserves lands for a department, agency or 
office, shall specify the extent to which jurisdiction over the lands 
and their related resource uses will be exercised by that department, 
agency or office. (See Sec. 2310.3-2(c) of this title).



Sec. 2310.4  Review and extensions of withdrawals.

    (a) Discretionary withdrawals of specific duration, whether made 
prior to or after October 21, 1976, shall be reviewed by the Secretary 
commencing at least 2 years before the expiration date of the 
withdrawal. When requested, the department, agency or office benefitting 
from the withdrawal shall promptly provide the Secretary with the 
information required by Sec. 2310.1-2(c) of this title, and the 
information required by Sec. 2310.3-2(b) of this title, in the form of 
a withdrawal extension application with supplemental information. If the 
concerned department, agency or office is delinquent in responding to 
such request, the deliquency shall constitute a ground for not extending 
the withdrawal. Such withdrawals may be extended or further extended 
only upon compliance with these regulations, and only if the Secretary 
determines that the purpose for which the withdrawal was first made 
requires the extension, and then only for a period that shall not exceed 
the duration of the original withdrawal period. In allowing an 
extension, the Secretary shall comply with the provisions of section 
204(c) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(c)), or section 204(d) of the Act (43 
U.S.C. 1714(d)), whichever is applicable; and, whether or not an 
extension is allowed, the Secretary shall report promptly on the 
decision for each pending extension to the Congressional Committees that 
are specified in section 204(f) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(f)).
    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, if the Secretary 
determines that a National Wildlife Refuge System withdrawal of specific 
duration shall not be extended, the Secretary shall nevertheless extend 
or reextend the withdrawal until such time as the withdrawal is 
terminated by an Act of Congress.



Sec. 2310.5  Special action on emergency withdrawals.

    (a) When the Secretary determines, or when either one of the two 
Committees of the Congress that are specified in section 204(e) of the 
Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(e)) notifies the Secretary, that an emergency exists 
and that extraordinary measures need to be taken to

[[Page 86]]

protect natural resources or resource values that otherwise would be 
lost, the Secretary shall immediately make a withdrawal which shall be 
limited in its scope and duration to the emergency. An emergency 
withdrawal shall be effective when signed, shall not exceed 3 years in 
duration and may not be extended by the Secretary. If it is determined 
that the lands involved in an emergency withdrawal should continue to be 
withdrawn, a withdrawal application should be submitted to the Bureau of 
Land Management in keeping with the normal procedures for processing a 
withdrawal as provided for in this subpart. Such applications will be 
subject to the provisions of section 204(c) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 
1714(c)), or section 204(d) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(d), whichever is 
applicable, as well as section 204(b)(1) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 
1714(b)(1)).
    (b) When an emergency withdrawal is signed, the Secretary shall on 
the same day, send a notice of the withdrawal to the two Committees of 
the Congress that are specified for that purpose in section 204(e) of 
the Act (43 U.S.C. 1714(e)).
    (c) The Secretary shall forward a report to each of the 
aforementioned committees within 90 days after filing with them the 
notice of emergency withdrawal. Reports for all such withdrawals, 
regardless of the amount of acreage withdrawn, shall contain the 
information specified in section 204(c)(2) of the Act (43 U.S.C. 
1714(c)(2)).



      Subpart 2320_Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Withdrawals



Sec. 2320.0-3  Authority.

    (a) Section 24 of the Federal Power Act of June 10, 1920, as amended 
(16 U.S.C. 818), provides that any lands of the United States included 
in an application for power development under that Act shall, from the 
date of filing of an application therefor, be reserved from entry, 
location or other disposal under the laws of the United States until 
otherwise directed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or by 
Congress. This statute also provides that whenever the Commission shall 
determine that the value of any lands of the United States withdrawn or 
classified for power purposes shall not be injured or destroyed for such 
purposes by location, entry or selection under the public land laws, the 
Secretary of the Interior shall declare such lands open to location, 
entry or selection for such purposes under such restrictions as the 
Commission may determine are necessary, and subject to and with a 
reservation of the right of the United States or its permittees or 
licensees to enter upon, occupy and use any and all of the lands for 
power purposes. Before any lands are declared open to location, entry or 
selection, the Secretary shall give notice of his intention to make this 
declaration to the Governor of the State within which such lands are 
located, and the State shall have a preference for a period of 90 days 
from the date of this notice to file under any applicable law or 
regulation an application of the State, or any political subdivision 
thereof, for any lands required as a right-of-way for a public highway 
or as a source of materials for the construction and maintenance of such 
highways. The 90-day preference does not apply to lands which remain 
withdrawn for national forest or other purposes.
    (b) The Mining Claims Rights Restoration Act of 1955 (30 U.S.C. 621 
et seq.), opened public lands which were then, or thereafter, withdrawn 
or classified for power purposes, with specified exceptions, to mineral 
location and development under certain circumstances.



Sec. 2320.1  Lands considered withdrawn or classified for power purposes.

    The following classes of lands of the United States are considered 
as withdrawn or classified for the purposes of section 24 of the Federal 
Power Act (16 U.S.C. 818): Lands withdrawn for powersite reserves under 
sections 1 and 2 of the Act of June 25, 1910, as amended (43 U.S.C. 141-
148); lands included in an application for power development under the 
Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 818); lands classified for powersite 
purposes under the Act of March 3, 1879 (43 U.S.C. 31); lands designated 
as valuable for power purposes under the Act of June 25, 1910, as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 148); the Act of June 9, 1916 (39 Stat.

[[Page 87]]

218, 219), and the Act of February 26, 1919 (40 Stat. 1178, 1180); lands 
within final hydroelectric power permits under the Act of February 15, 
1901 (43 U.S.C. 959); and lands within transmission line permits or 
approved rights-of-way under the aforementioned Act of February 15, 
1901, or the Act of March 4, 1911 (43 U.S.C. 961).



Sec. 2320.2  General determinations under the Federal Power Act.

    (a) On April 22, 1922, the Federal Power Commission (as predecessor 
to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) made a general 
determination ``that where lands of the United States have heretofore 
been or hereafter may be reserved or classified as powersites, such 
reservation or classification being made solely because such lands are 
either occupied by power transmission lines or their occupancy and use 
for such purposes have been applied for or authorized under appropriate 
laws of the United States, and such lands have otherwise no value for 
power purposes, and are not occupied in trespass, the Commission 
determines that the value of such lands so reserved or classified or so 
applied for or authorized, shall not be injured or destroyed for the 
purposes of power development by location, entry or selection under the 
public land laws, subject to the reservation of section 24 of the 
Federal Power Act.''
    (b) The regulations governing mining locations on lands withdrawn or 
classified for power purposes, including lands that have been restored 
and opened to mining locations under section 24 of the Federal Power 
Act, are contained in subpart 3730 and in Group 3800 of this title.



Sec. 2320.3  Applications for restoration.

    (a) Other than with respect to national forest lands, applications 
for restoration and opening of lands withdrawn or classified for power 
purposes under the provisions of section 24 of the Federal Power Act 
shall be filed, in duplicate, in the proper office of the Bureau of Land 
Management as set forth in Sec. 2321.2-1 of this title. No particular 
form of application is required, but it shall be typewritten or in 
legible handwriting, and it shall contain the information required by 18 
CFR 25.1. Each application shall be accompanied by a service charge of 
$10 which is not returnable.
    (b) Favorable action upon an application for restoration shall not 
give the applicant any preference right when the lands are opened.



PART 2360_NATIONAL PETROLEUM RESERVE IN ALASKA--Table of Contents




Subpart 2361_Management and Protection of the National Petroleum Reserve 
                                in Alaska

Sec.
2361.0-1 Purpose.
2361.0-2 Objectives.
2361.0-3 Authority.
2361.0-4 Responsibility.
2361.0-5 Definitions.
2361.0-6 [Reserved]
2361.0-7 Effect of law.
2361.1 Protection of the environment.
2361.2 Use authorizations.
2361.3 Unauthorized use and occupancy.



Subpart 2361_Management and Protection of the National Petroleum Reserve 
                                in Alaska

    Source: 42 FR 28721, June 3, 1977, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2361.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of the regulations in this subpart is to provide 
procedures for the protection and control of environmental, fish and 
wildlife, and historical or scenic values in the National Petroleum 
Reserve in Alaska pursuant to the provisions of the Naval Petroleum 
Reserves Production Act of 1976 (90 Stat. 303; 42 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.).



Sec. 2361.0-2  Objectives.

    The objective of this subpart is to provide for the protection of 
the environmental, fish and wildlife, and historical or scenic values of 
the Reserve so that activities which are or might be detrimental to such 
values will be carefully controlled to the extent consistent with the 
requirements of the Act for petroleum exploration of the reserve.

[[Page 88]]



Sec. 2361.0-3  Authority.

    The Naval Petroleum Reserve Production Act of 1976 (90 Stat. 303, 42 
U.S.C. 6501, et seq.) is the statutory authority for these regulations.



Sec. 2361.0-4  Responsibility.

    (a) The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is responsible for the 
surface management of the reserve and protection of the surface values 
from environmental degradation, and to prepare rules and regulations 
necessary to carry out surface management and protection duties.
    (b) The U.S. Geological Survey is responsible for management of the 
continuing exploration program during the interim between the transfer 
of jurisdiction from the U.S. Navy to the U.S. Department of the 
Interior and the effective date of any legislation for a permanent 
development and production program to enforce regulations and 
stipulations which relate to the exploration of petroleum resources of 
the Reserve, and to operate the South Barrow gas field or such other 
fields as may be necessary to supply gas at reasonable and equitable 
rates to the Native village of Barrow and other communities and 
installations at or near Point Barrow, Alaska, and to installations of 
the Department of Defense and other agencies of the U.S. located at or 
near Point Barrow, Alaska.



Sec. 2361.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the following terms shall have the 
following meanings:
    (a) Act means the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 
(90 Stat. 303, 42 U.S.C. 6501, et seq.).
    (b) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority to perform the duties of 
this subpart.
    (c) Exploration means activities conducted on the Reserve for the 
purpose of evaluating petroleum resources which include crude oil, gases 
of all kinds (natural gas, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, helium, and any 
others), natural gasoline, and related hydrocarbons (tar sands, asphalt, 
propane butane, etc.), oil shale and the products of such resources.
    (d) Reserve means those lands within the National Petroleum Reserve 
in Alaska (prior to June 1, 1977, designated Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 
4) which was established by Executive order of the President, dated 
February 27, 1923, except for tract Numbered 1 as described in Public 
Land Order 2344 (the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory--surface estate 
only) dated April 24, 1961.
    (e) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.
    (f) Special areas means areas within the reserve identified by the 
Secretary of the Interior as having significant subsistence, 
recreational, fish and wildlife, or historical or scenic value and, 
therefore, warranting maximum protection of such values to the extent 
consistent with the requirements of the Act for the exploration of the 
Reserve.
    (g) Use authorization means a written approval of a request for use 
of land or resources.



Sec. 2361.0-6  [Reserved]



Sec. 2361.0-7  Effect of law.

    (a) Subject to valid existing rights, all lands within the exterior 
boundaries of the Reserve are reserved and withdrawn from all forms of 
entry and disposition under the public land laws, including the mining 
and mineral leasing laws, and all other Acts.
    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, 
the Secretary is authorized to:
    (1) Make dispositions of mineral materials pursuant to the Act of 
July 31, 1947 (61 Stat. 681), as amended (30 U.S.C. 601), for 
appropriate use by Alaska Natives.
    (2) Make such dispositions of mineral materials and grant such 
rights-of-way, licenses, and permits as may be necessary to carry out 
his responsibilities under the Act.
    (3) Convey the surface of lands properly selected on or before 
December 18, 1975, by Native village corporations pursuant to the Alaska 
Native Claims Settlement Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.).
    (c) All other provisions of law heretofore enacted and actions 
heretofore

[[Page 89]]

taken reserving such lands as a Reserve shall remain in full force and 
effect to the extent not inconsistent with the Act.
    (d) To the extent not inconsistent with the Act, all other public 
land laws are applicable.



Sec. 2361.1  Protection of the environment.

    (a) The authorized officer shall take such action, including 
monitoring, as he deems necessary to mitigate or avoid unnecessary 
surface damage and to minimize ecological disturbance throughout the 
reserve to the extent consistent with the requirements of the Act for 
the exploration of the reserve.
    (b) The Cooperative Procedures of January 18, 1977, for National 
Petroleum Reserve in Alaska between the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) 
and the U.S. Geological Survey (GS) (42 FR 4542, January 25, 1977) 
provides the procedures for the mutual cooperation and interface of 
authority and responsibility between GS and BLM concerning petroleum 
exploration activities (i.e., geophysical and drilling operations), the 
protection of the environment during such activities in the Reserve, and 
other related activities.
    (c) Maximum protection measures shall be taken on all actions within 
the Utikok River Uplands, Colville River, and Teshekpuk Lake special 
areas, and any other special areas identified by the Secretary as having 
significant subsistence, recreational, fish and wildlife, or historical 
or scenic value. The boundaries of these areas and any other special 
areas identified by the Secretary shall be identified on maps and be 
available for public inspection in the Fairbanks District Office. In 
addition, the legal description of the three special areas designated 
herein and any new areas identified hereafter will be published in the 
Federal Register and appropriate local newspapers. Maximum protection 
may include, but is not limited to, requirements for:
    (1) Rescheduling activities and use of alternative routes, (2) types 
of vehicles and loadings, (3) limiting types of aircraft in combination 
with minimum flight altitudes and distances from identified places, and 
(4) special fuel handling procedures.
    (d) Recommendations for additional special areas may be submitted at 
any time to the authorized officer. Each recommendation shall contain a 
description of the values which make the area special, the size and 
location of the area on appropriate USGS quadrangle maps, and any other 
pertinent information. The authorized officer shall seek comments on the 
recommendation(s) from interested public agencies, groups, and persons. 
These comments shall be submitted along with his recommendation to the 
Secretary. Pursuant to section 104(b) of the Act, the Secretary may 
designate that area(s) which he determines to have special values 
requiring maximum protection. Any such designated area shall be 
identified in accordance with the provision of Sec. 2361.1(c) of this 
subpart.
    (e)(1) To the extent consistent with the requirements of the Act and 
after consultation with appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies 
and Native organizations, the authorized officer may limit, restrict, or 
prohibit use of and access to lands within the Reserve, including 
special areas. On proper notice as determined by the authorized officer, 
such actions may be taken to protect fish and wildlife breeding, 
nesting, spawning, lambing of calving activity, major migrations of fish 
and wildlife, and other environmental, scenic, or historic values.
    (2) The consultation requirement in Sec. 2361.1(e)(1) of this 
subpart is not required when the authorized officer determines that 
emergency measures are required.
    (f) No site, structure, object, or other values of historical 
archaelogical, cultural, or paleontological character, including but not 
limited to historic and prehistoric remains, fossils, and artifacts, 
shall be injured, altered, destroyed, or collected without a current 
Federal Antiquities permit.



Sec. 2361.2  Use authorizations.

    (a) Except for petroleum exploration which has been authorized by 
the Act, use authorizations must be obtained from the authorized officer 
prior to any use within the Reserve. Only those uses

[[Page 90]]

which are consistent with the purposes and objectives of the Act will be 
authorized.
    (b) Except as may be limited, restricted, or prohibited by the 
authorized officer pursuant to Sec. 2361.1 of this subpart or 
otherwise, use authorizations are not required for (1) subsistence uses 
(e.g., hunting, fishing, and berry picking) and (2) recreational uses 
(e.g., hunting, fishing, backpacking, and wildlife observation).
    (c) Applications for use authorizations shall be filed in accordance 
with applicable regulations in this chapter. In the absence of such 
regulation, the authorized officer may make such dispositions absence of 
such regulations, the author-of mineral materials and grant such rights-
of-way, licenses, and permits as may be necessary to carry out his 
responsibilities under the Act.
    (d) In addition to other statutory or regulatory requirements, 
approval of applications for use authorizations shall be subject to such 
terms and conditions which the authorized officer determines to be 
necessary to protect the environmental, fish and wildlife, and 
historical or scenic values of the Reserve.



Sec. 2361.3  Unauthorized use and occupancy.

    Any person who violates or fails to comply with regulations of this 
subpart is subject to prosecution, including trespass and liability for 
damages, pursuant to the appropriate laws.



PART 2370_RESTORATIONS AND REVOCATIONS--Table of Contents




           Subpart 2370_Restorations and Revocations; General

Sec.
2370.0-1 Purpose.
2370.0-3 Authority.

                         Subpart 2372_Procedures

2372.1 Notice of intention to relinquish action by holding agency.
2372.2 Report to General Services Administration.
2372.3 Return of lands to the public domain; conditions.

             Subpart 2374_Acceptance of Jurisdiction by BLM

2374.1 Property determinations.
2374.2 Conditions of acceptance by BLM.

    Authority: 63 Stat. 377 as amended, R.S. 2478; 40 U.S.C. 472, 43 
U.S.C. 1201.



           Subpart 2370_Restorations and Revocations; General



Sec. 2370.0-1  Purpose.

    The regulations of this part 2370 apply to lands and interests in 
lands withdrawn or reserved from the public domain, except lands 
reserved or dedicated for national forest or national park purposes, 
which are no longer needed by the agency for which the lands are 
withdrawn or reserved.

[35 FR 9558, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2370.0-3  Authority.

    The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (63 
Stat. 377), as amended, governs the disposal of surplus Federal lands or 
interests in lands. Section 3 of that Act (40 U.S.C. 472), as amended, 
February 28, 1958 (72 Stat. 29), excepts from its provisions the 
following:
    (a) The public domain.
    (b) Lands reserved or dedicated for national forest or national park 
purposes.
    (c) Minerals in lands or portions of lands withdrawn or reserved 
from the public domain which the Secretary of the Interior determines 
are suitable for disposition under the public land mining and mineral 
leasing laws.
    (d) Lands withdrawn or reserved from the public domain, but not 
including lands or portions of lands so withdrawn or reserved which the 
Secretary of the Interior, with the concurrence of the Administrator of 
the General Services Administration, determines are not suitable for 
return to the public domain for disposition under the general public-
land laws, because such lands are substantially changed in character by 
improvements or otherwise.

[35 FR 9558, June 13, 1970]

[[Page 91]]



                         Subpart 2372_Procedures

    Source: 35 FR 9558, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2372.1  Notice of intention to relinquish action by holding agency.

    (a) Agencies holding withdrawn or reserved lands which they no 
longer need will file, in duplicate, a notice of intention to relinquish 
such lands in the proper office (see Sec. 1821.2-1 of this chapter).
    (b) No specific form of notice is required, but all notices must 
contain the following information:
    (1) Name and address of the holding agency.
    (2) Citation of the order which withdrew or reserved the lands for 
the holding agency.
    (3) Legal description and acreage of the lands, except where 
reference to the order of withdrawal or reservation is sufficient to 
identify them.
    (4) Description of the improvements existing on the lands.
    (5) The extent to which the lands are contaminated and the nature of 
the contamination.
    (6) The extent to which the lands have been decontaminated or the 
measures taken to protect the public from the contamination and the 
proposals of the holding agency to maintain protective measures.
    (7) The extent to which the lands have been changed in character 
other than by construction of improvements.
    (8) The extent to which the lands or resources thereon have been 
disturbed and the measures taken or proposed to be taken to recondition 
the property.
    (9) If improvements on the lands have been abandoned, a 
certification that the holding agency has exhausted General Services 
Administration procedures for their disposal and that the improvements 
are without value.
    (10) A description of the easements or other rights and privileges 
which the holding agency or its predecessors have granted covering the 
lands.
    (11) A list of the terms and conditions, if any, which the holding 
agency deems necessary to be incorporated in any further disposition of 
the lands in order to protect the public interest.
    (12) Any information relating to the interest of other agencies or 
individuals in acquiring use of or title to the property or any portion 
of it.
    (13) Recommendations as to the further disposition of the lands, 
including where appropriate, disposition by the General Services 
Administration.



Sec. 2372.2  Report to General Services Administration.

    The holding agency will send one copy of its report on unneeded 
lands to the appropriate regional office of the General Services 
Administration for its information.



Sec. 2372.3  Return of lands to the public domain; conditions.

    (a) When the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management 
determines the holding agency has complied with the regulations of this 
part, including the conditions specified in Sec. 2374.2 of this 
subpart, and that the lands or interests in lands are suitable for 
return to the public domain for disposition under the general public 
land laws, he will notify the holding agency that the Department of the 
Interior accepts accountability and responsibility for the property, 
sending a copy of this notice to the appropriate regional office of the 
General Services Administration.
    (b) [Reserved]



             Subpart 2374_Acceptance of Jurisdiction by BLM



Sec. 2374.1  Property determinations.

    (a) When the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management 
determines that the holding agency has complied with the regulations of 
this part and that the lands or interests in lands other than minerals 
are not suitable for return to the public domain for disposition under 
the general public land laws, because the lands are substantially 
changed in character by improvements or otherwise, he will request the 
appropriate officer of the General Services Administration, or its 
delegate, to concur in his determination.
    (b) When the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management 
determines that minerals in lands subject to

[[Page 92]]

the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section are not suitable for 
disposition under the public land mining or mineral leasing laws, he 
will notify the appropriate officer of the General Services 
Administration or its delegate of this determination.
    (c) Upon receipt of the concurrence specified in paragraph (a) of 
this section, the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management 
will notify the holding agency to report as excess property the lands 
and improvements therein, or interests in lands to the General Services 
Administration pursuant to the regulations of that Administration. The 
authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management will request the 
holding agency to include minerals in its report to the General Services 
Administration only when the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section 
apply. He will also submit to the holding agency, for transmittal with 
its report to the General Services Administration, information of record 
in the Bureau of Land Management on the claims, if any, by agencies 
other than the holding agency of primary, joint, or secondary 
jurisdiction over the lands and on any encumbrances under the public 
land laws.

[35 FR 9559, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2374.2  Conditions of acceptance by BLM.

    Agencies will not be discharged of their accountability and 
responsibility under this section unless and until:
    (a) The lands have been decontaminated of all dangerous materials 
and have been restored to suitable condition or, if it is uneconomical 
to decontaminate or restore them, the holding agency posts them and 
installs protective devices and agrees to maintain the notices and 
devices.
    (b) To the extent deemed necessary by the authorized officer of the 
Bureau of Land Management, the holding agency has undertaken or agrees 
to undertake or to have undertaken appropriate land treatment measures 
correcting, arresting, or preventing deterioration of the land and 
resources thereof which has resulted or may result from the agency's use 
or possession of the lands.
    (c) The holding agency, in respect to improvements which are of no 
value, has exhausted General Services Administration's procedures for 
their disposal and certifies that they are of no value.
    (d) The holding agency has resolved, through a final grant or 
denial, all commitments to third parties relative to rights and 
privileges in and to the lands or interests therein.
    (e) The holding agency has submitted to the appropriate office 
mentioned in paragraph (a) of Sec. 2372.1 a copy of, or the case file 
on, easements, leases, or other encumbrances with which the holding 
agency or its predecessors have burdened the lands or interests therein.

[35 FR 9559, June 13, 1970]



Group 2400_Land Classification--Table of Contents






PART 2400_LAND CLASSIFICATION--Table of Contents




                Subpart 2400_Land Classification; General

Sec.
2400.0-2 Objectives.
2400.0-3 Authority.
2400.0-4 Responsibility.
2400.0-5 Definitions.

    Source: 35 FR 9559, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



                Subpart 2400_Land Classification; General



Sec. 2400.0-2  Objectives.

    The statutes cited in Sec. 2400.0-3 authorize the Secretary of the 
Interior to classify or otherwise take appropriate steps looking to the 
disposition of public lands, and on an interim basis, to classify public 
lands for retention and management, subject to requirements of the 
applicable statutes. In addition to any requirements of law, it is the 
policy of the Secretary (a) to specify those criteria which will be 
considered in the exercise of his authority and (b) to establish 
procedures which will permit the prompt and efficient exercise of his 
authority with, as far as is practicable, the knowledge and 
participation of the interested parties, including the general public. 
Nothing in these regulations is meant to affect applicable State laws 
governing the appropriation and use of water, regulation of

[[Page 93]]

hunting and fishing or exercise of any police power of the State.



Sec. 2400.0-3  Authority.

    (a) All vacant public lands, except those in Alaska, have been, with 
certain exceptions, withdrawn from entry, selection, and location under 
the nonmineral land laws by Executive Order 6910, of November 26, 1934, 
and Executive Order 6964 of February 5, 1935, and amendments thereto, 
and by the establishment of grazing districts under section 1 of the Act 
of June 28, 1934 (48 Stat. 1269), as amended (43 U.S.C. 315). Section 7 
of the Act of June 28, 1934 (48 Stat. 1272), as amended (43 U.S.C. 
315f), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior in his discretion to 
examine and classify and open to entry, selection, or location under 
applicable law any lands withdrawn or reserved by Executive Order 6910 
of November 26, 1934, or Executive Order 6964 of February 5, 1935, and 
amendments thereto, or within a grazing district established under that 
act which he finds are more valuable or suitable for the production of 
agricultural crops than for the production of native grasses and forage 
plants, or more valuable or suitable for any other use than for the use 
provided for under said act, or proper for acquisition in satisfaction 
of any outstanding lieu, exchange, or scrip rights or land grant. 
Classification under section 7 is a prerequisite to the approval of all 
entries, selections, or locations under the following subparts of this 
chapter, except as they apply to Alaska and with certain other 
exceptions: Original, Additional, Second, and Adjoining Farm 
Homesteads--subparts 2511, 2512, and 2513; Enlarged Homestead--subpart 
2514; Indian Allotments--part 2530; Desert Land Entries--part 2520; 
Recreation and Public Purposes Act--part 2740 and subpart 2912; State 
Grants for Educational, Institutional, and Park Purposes--part 2620; 
Scrip Selections--part 2610 and Exchanges for the Consolidation or 
Extension of National Forests, Indian Reservations or Indian Holdings--
Group 2200.
    (b) Section 8(b) of the Act of June 28, 1934 (48 Stat. 1272), as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 315g), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior, when 
public interests will be benefited thereby, to accept on behalf of the 
United States title to any privately owned lands within or without the 
boundaries of a grazing district established under that act and in 
exchange therefor to issue patent for not to exceed an equal value of 
surveyed grazing district land or of unreserved surveyed public land in 
the same State or within a distance of not more than 50 miles within the 
adjoining State nearest the base lands. The regulations governing such 
exchanges are contained in Group 2200 of this chapter.
    (c) Section 2455 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (43 U.S.C. 
1171), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior in his discretion to 
order into market and sell at public auction isolated or disconnected 
tracts of public land not exceeding 1,520 acres, and tracts not 
exceeding 760 acres the greater part of which are mountainous or too 
rough for cultivation. The regulations governing such sales are 
contained in part 2710 of this chapter.
    (d) Section 3 of the Act of August 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 875, 43 U.S.C. 
1181c), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to classify, either on 
application or otherwise, and restore to homestead entry, or purchase 
under the provisions of section 2455 of the Revised Statutes, as 
amended, any of the revested Oregon and California Railroad or 
reconveyed Coos Bay Wagon Road grant land which, in his judgment, is 
more suitable for agricultural use than for afforestation, 
reforestation, stream-flow protection, recreation, or other public 
purposes. The regulations governing disposal under this act are 
contained in part 2710 of this chapter.
    (e) The Small Tract Act of June 1, 1938 (52 Stat. 609), as amended 
(43 U.S.C. 682a-e), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior, in his 
discretion, to lease or sell certain classes of public lands which he 
classifies as chiefly valuable for residence, recreation, business or 
community site purposes. The regulations governing leases and sales 
under this act are contained in part 2730 and subpart 2913 of this 
chapter.
    (f) The Recreation and Public Purposes Act of June 14, 1926 (44 
Stat. 741), as amended (43 U.S.C. 869-869-4), requires the Secretary of 
the Interior, in the exercise of his discretion to make a determination 
that land is to be used

[[Page 94]]

for an established or definitely proposed project, and in the case of 
Alaska authorizes him to classify certain classes of public lands for 
lease or sale for recreation or other public purposes. The regulations 
governing lease and sale of land under this act are contained in part 
2740 and subpart 2912 of this chapter.
    (g) The Act of July 31, 1939 (53 Stat. 1144), authorizes and 
empowers the Secretary of the Interior, in the administration of the Act 
of August 28, 1937 (supra), in his discretion, to exchange any land 
formerly granted to the Oregon & California Railroad Co., title to which 
was revested in the United States pursuant to the provisions of the Act 
of June 9, 1916 (39 Stat. 218), and any land granted to the State of 
Oregon, title to which was reconveyed to the United States by the 
Southern Oregon Co. pursuant to the provisions of the Act of February 
26, 1919 (40 Stat. 1179), for lands of approximately equal aggregate 
value held in private, State, or county ownership, either within or 
contiguous to the former limits of such grants, when by such action the 
Secretary of the Interior will be enabled to consolidate advantageously 
the holdings of lands of the United States. The regulations governing 
exchanges under this act are contained in part 2260 of this chapter.
    (h) The Alaska Public Sales Act of August 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 679), 
as amended (48 U.S.C. 364a-f), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior 
in his discretion to classify certain classes of public lands in Alaska 
for public sale for industrial or commercial purposes. The regulations 
governing sales of land under this act are contained in part 2770 of 
this chapter.
    (i) The Public Land Sale Act of September 19, 1964 (78 Stat. 988, 43 
U.S.C. 1421-27), authorizes and directs the Secretary of the Interior to 
sell public lands in tracts not exceeding 5,120 acres, that have been 
classified for sale in accordance with a determination that (1) the 
lands are required for the orderly growth and development of a community 
or (2) the lands are chiefly valuable for residential, commercial, 
agricultural (which does not include lands chiefly valuable for grazing 
or raising forage crops), industrial, or public uses or development. The 
regulations governing such sales are contained in part 2720 of this 
chapter.
    (j) The Classification and Multiple Use Act of September 19, 1964 
(78 Stat. 986, 43 U.S.C. 1411-18), authorizes the Secretary of the 
Interior to determine which of the public lands (and other Federal 
lands), including those situated in the State of Alaska exclusively 
administered by him through the Bureau of Land Management shall be (1) 
sold because they are (i) required for the orderly growth and 
development of a community or (ii) are chiefly valuable for residential, 
commercial, agricultural (which does not include lands chiefly valuable 
for grazing or raising forage crops), industrial, or public uses or 
development or (2) retained, at least for the time being, in Federal 
ownership and managed for (i) domestic livestock grazing, (ii) fish and 
wildlife development and utilization, (iii) industrial development, (iv) 
mineral production, (v) occupancy, (vi) outdoor recreation, (vii) timber 
production, (viii) watershed protection, (ix) wilderness preservation, 
or (x) preservation of public values that would be lost if the land 
passed from Federal ownership.



Sec. 2400.0-4  Responsibility.

    (a) Except where specified to the contrary in this group, the 
authority of the Secretary of the Interior to classify lands and make 
other determinations in accordance with the regulations of this part has 
been delegated to persons authorized to act in his name; to the 
Director, Bureau of Land Management and persons authorized to act in his 
name; to State Directors of the Bureau of Land Management and to any 
person authorized to act in the name of a State Director.
    (b) Classifications and other determinations in accordance with the 
regulations of this group may be made by the authorized officer whether 
or not applications or petitions have been filed for the lands.



Sec. 2400.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in the regulations of this group--
    (a) Residential refers to single or multi-family dwellings or 
combinations thereof, and related community

[[Page 95]]

facilities, both seasonal and year-round.
    (b) Commercial refers to the sale, exchange, or distribution of 
goods and services.
    (c) Industrial refers to the manufacture, processing, and testing of 
goods and materials, including the production of power. It does not 
refer to the growing of agricultural crops, or the raising of livestock, 
or the extraction or severance of raw materials from the land being 
classified, but it does include activities incidental thereto.
    (d) Agricultural refers to the growing of cultivated crops.
    (e) Community refers to a village, town or city, or similar 
subdivision of a State, whether or not incorporated.
    (f) Domestic livestock refers to cattle, horses, sheep, goats and 
other grazing animals owned by livestock operators, provided such 
operators meet the qualification set forth in Sec. 4111.1-1 or Sec. 
4131.1-3 of this chapter. This definition includes animals raised for 
commercial purposes and also domestic livestock within the meaning of 
Sec. 4111.3-1(d)(1) of this chapter.
    (g) Fish and wildlife refers to game, fish and other wild animals 
native or adaptable to the public lands and waters.
    (h) Mineral refers to any substance that (1) is recognized as 
mineral, according to its chemical composition, by the standard 
authorities on the subject, or (2) is classified as mineral product in 
trade or commerce, or (3) possesses economic value for use in trade, 
manufacture, the sciences, or in the mechanical or ornamental arts.
    (i) Occupancy refers to use of lands as a site for any type of 
useful structure whatsoever.
    (j) Outdoor recreation includes, but is not limited to, hunting, 
fishing, trapping, photography, horseback riding, picnicking, hiking, 
camping, swimming, boating, rock and mineral collecting, sightseeing, 
mountain climbing, and skiing.
    (k) Timber production refers to the growth of trees in forests and 
woodlands.
    (l) Watershed protection refers to maintenance of the stability of 
soil and soil cover and the control of the natural flow of water.
    (m) Wilderness refers to areas in a native condition or reverted to 
a native condition, substantially free of man-made structures and human 
habitation.
    (n) Public value refers to an asset held by, or a service performed 
for, or a benefit accruing to the people at large.
    (o) Multiple use means the management of the various surface and 
subsurface resources so that they are utilized in the combination that 
will best meet the present and future needs of the American people; the 
most judicious use of the land for some or all of these resources or 
related services over areas large enough to provide sufficient latitude 
for periodic adjustments in use to conform to changing needs and 
conditions; the use of some land for less than all of the resources; and 
harmonious and coordinated management of the various resources, each 
with the other, without impairment of the productivity of the land, with 
consideration being given to the relative values of the various 
resources, and not necessarily the combination of uses that will give 
the greatest dollar return or the greatest unit output.
    (p) Sustained yield of the several products and services means the 
achievement and maintenance of a high-level annual or regular periodic 
output of the various renewable resources of land without impairment of 
the productivity of the land.



PART 2410_CRITERIA FOR ALL LAND CLASSIFICATIONS--Table of Contents




                      Subpart 2410_General Criteria

Sec.
2410.1 All classifications.
2410.2 Relative value, disposal or retention.

    Source: 35 FR 9560, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



                      Subpart 2410_General Criteria



Sec. 2410.1  All classifications.

    All classifications under the regulations of this part will give due 
consideration to ecology, priorities of use, and the relative values of 
the various resources in particular areas. They must be consistent with 
all the following criteria:

[[Page 96]]

    (a) The lands must be physically suitable or adaptable to the uses 
or purposes for which they are classified. In addition, they must have 
such physical and other characteristics as the law may require them to 
have to qualify for a particular classification.
    (b) All present and potential uses and users of the lands will be 
taken into consideration. All other things being equal, land 
classifications will attempt to achieve maximum future uses and minimum 
disturbance to or dislocation of existing users.
    (c) All land classifications must be consistent with State and local 
government programs, plans, zoning, and regulations applicable to the 
area in which the lands to be classified are located, to the extent such 
State and local programs, plans, zoning, and regulations are not 
inconsistent with Federal programs, policies, and uses, and will not 
lead to inequities among private individuals.
    (d) All land classifications must be consistent with Federal 
programs and policies, to the extent that those programs and policies 
affect the use or disposal of the public lands.

[35 FR 9560, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2410.2  Relative value, disposal or retention.

    When, under the criteria of this part, a tract of land has potential 
for either retention for multiple use management or for some form of 
disposal, or for more than one form of disposal, the relative scarcity 
of the values involved and the availability of alternative means and 
sites for realization of those values will be considered. Long-term 
public benefits will be weighed against more immediate or local 
benefits. The tract will then be classified in a manner which will best 
promote the public interests.

[35 FR 9560, June 13, 1970]



PART 2420_MULTIPLE-USE MANAGEMENT CLASSIFICATIONS--Table of Contents




    Subpart 2420_Criteria for Multiple-Use Management Classifications

Sec.
2420.1 Use of criteria.
2420.2 Criteria.

    Source: 35 FR 9561, June 13, 1970, unless otherswise noted.



    Subpart 2420_Criteria for Multiple-Use Management Classifications



Sec. 2420.1  Use of criteria.

    In addition to the general criteria in subpart 2410, the following 
criteria will be used to determine whether public lands will be 
retained, in Federal ownership and managed for domestic livestock 
grazing, fish and wildlife development and utilization, industrial 
development, mineral production, occupancy, outdoor recreation, timber 
production, watershed protection, wilderness preservation, or 
preservation of public values that would be lost if the land passed from 
Federal ownership.

[35 FR 9561, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2420.2  Criteria.

    Lands may be classified for retention under the Classification and 
Multiple Use Act of September 19, 1964 (78 Stat. 986, 43 U.S.C. 1411-
18), if they are not suitable for disposal under the criteria set forth 
in part 2430 and such classification will do one or more of the 
following:
    (a) Assist in effective and economical administration of the public 
lands in furtherance of the several objectives of such administration as 
expressed in the various public land laws.
    (b) Further the objectives of Federal natural resource legislation 
directed, among other things towards:
    (1) Stabilization and development of the livestock industry 
dependent upon Federal lands, such as sections 1 and 15 of the Taylor 
Grazing Act (43 U.S.C. 315 and 315m), and the Alaska Grazing Act (48 
U.S.C. 471-471o).
    (2) Provision or preservation of adequate areas of public hunting 
and fishing grounds and public access thereto, and maintenance of 
habitat and food supplies for the fish and wildlife dependent upon the 
public lands and maintained under Federal and State programs, such as 
section 9 of the Taylor Grazing Act (43 U.S.C. 315h) and the Fish and 
Wildlife Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661-666c).

[[Page 97]]

    (3) Fostering the economy of the nation by industrial and mineral 
development, such as through the materials sales and mineral leasing 
laws (Group 3000 of this chapter) and the rights-of-way laws (Group 2800 
of this chapter).
    (4) Realization of the beneficial utilization of the public lands 
through occupancy leases, such as under the Recreation and Public 
Purposes Act (43 U.S.C. 869-869-4) and the Small Tract Act (43 U.S.C. 
682a-682e).
    (5) Provision of needed recreation, conservation, and scenic areas 
and open space (42 U.S.C. 1500-1500e) and assurance of adequate outdoor 
recreation resources for present and future generations of Americans (16 
U.S.C. 460-1 et seq.).
    (6) Stabilization of the timber industry and dependent communities 
and sustained-yield production of timber and other forest products, such 
as the Materials Sales Act (30 U.S.C. 601-604), and, in connection with 
management of other Federal lands, the O and C Act (43 U.S.C. 1181a-
1181f, 1181g-1181j).
    (7) Protection of frail lands, conservation of productive soils and 
water supplies, and prevention of damage and loss due to excessive 
runoff, flooding, salination, and siltation, such as the Soil and 
Moisture Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 590a et seq.) and section 2 of the 
Taylor Grazing Act (43 U.S.C. 315a).
    (c) Preservation of public values that would be lost if the land 
passed from Federal ownership (43 U.S.C. 1411-1418) such as where
    (1) The lands are needed to protect or enhance established Federal 
programs, by such means as provision of buffer zones, control of access, 
maintenance of water supplies, reduction and prevention of water 
pollution, exclusion of nonconforming inholdings, maintenance of 
efficient management areas, provision of research areas, and maintenance 
of military areas or sites for other government activities.
    (2) The lands should be retained in Federal ownership pending 
enactment of Federal legislation, which would affect them.
    (3) The lands should be retained in Federal ownership pending their 
acquisition by a State or local government.
    (4) The lands are best suited for multiple use management and 
require management for a mixture of uses in order to best benefit the 
general public and such management could not be achieved if the lands 
were in private ownership.
    (5) The lands contain scientific, scenic, historic, or wilderness 
values which would be lost to the general public if they were 
transferred out of Federal ownership.
    (6) Transfer of the lands would be inconsistent with national 
objectives for the preservation of natural beauty of the country and the 
proper utilization of open space.

[35 FR 9561, June 13, 1970]



PART 2430_DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATIONS--Table of Contents




           Subpart 2430_Criteria for Disposal Classifications

Sec.
2430.1 Use of criteria.
2430.2 General criteria for disposal classification.
2430.3 Additional criteria for classification of lands needed for urban 
          or suburban purposes.
2430.4 Additional criteria for classification of lands valuable for 
          public purposes.
2430.5 Additional criteria for classification of lands valuable for 
          residential, commercial, agricultural, or industrial purposes.
2430.6 Additional criteria for lands valuable for other purposes.

    Source: 35 FR 9561, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



           Subpart 2430_Criteria for Disposal Classifications



Sec. 2430.1  Use of criteria.

    In addition to the general criteria in subpart 2410 the following 
criteria will govern classifications under the authorities listed in 
Sec. 2400.0-3 for sale, selection, grant or other disposal under the 
Public Land Sale Act (78 Stat. 988, 43 U.S.C. 1421-1427) and other laws 
authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to dispose of public lands. 
The criteria are set forth in terms of land use classes. Where 
appropriate, the applicability of specific disposal laws to lands in 
each use class is discussed.

[[Page 98]]



Sec. 2430.2  General criteria for disposal classification.

    The general approach to determine the act under which lands are to 
be classified and disposed of is as follows:
    (a) Consideration under criteria listed in this part will first be 
given to whether the lands can be classified for retention for multiple 
use management, for disposal, or for both. If, under these criteria, 
they could be classified for both, the principles of Sec. 2410.2 will 
be applied.
    (b) If the lands are found to be suitable for disposal, 
consideration under the criteria of this part will be given to whether 
the lands are needed for urban or suburban purposes or whether they are 
chiefly valuable for other purposes. Lands found to be valuable for 
public purposes will be considered chiefly valuable for public purposes, 
except in situations where alternate sites are available to meet the 
public needs involved.



Sec. 2430.3  Additional criteria for classification of lands needed for 
urban or suburban purposes.

    (a) To be needed for urban or suburban purposes it must be 
anticipated that a community will embrace the lands within 15 years.
    (b) Lands determined to be needed for urban or suburban purposes may 
be classified for sale pursuant to the Public Land Sale Act as being 
required for the orderly growth and development of a community, if (1) 
adequate zoning regulations are in effect and (2) adequate local 
governmental comprehensive plans have been adopted.
    (c) Lands determined to be needed for urban or suburban purposes may 
be classified for disposal under any appropriate law other than the 
Public Land Sale Act, if disposal under such other authority would be 
consistent with local comprehensive plans, or in the absence of such 
plans, with the views of local governmental authorities.
    (d) Where more than one form of disposal is possible, the authorized 
officer will select that course of action which will best promote 
development of the land for urban or suburban purposes.



Sec. 2430.4  Additional criteria for classification of lands valuable for public purposes.

    (a) To be valuable for public purposes, lands must be suitable for 
use by a State or local governmental entity or agency for some 
noncommercial and nonindustrial governmental program or suitable for 
transfer to a non-Federal interest in a transaction which will benefit a 
Federal, State, or local governmental program.
    (b) Lands found to be valuable for public purposes may be classified 
for sale pursuant to the Public Land Sale Act as chiefly valuable for 
public uses or development or for transfer in satisfaction of a State 
land grant, or for transfer to a State or local governmental agency in 
exchange for other property, or for transfer to a governmental agency 
under any applicable act of Congress other than the Recreation and 
Public Purposes Act (44 Stat. 741), as amended (43 U.S.C. 869-869-4), if 
(1) the proposed use includes profit activities or if the interested, 
qualified governmental agency and the authorized officer agree that 
there is no need for the perpetual dedication of the lands to public 
uses required by the Recreation and Public Purposes Act, and (2) in the 
case of sales under the Public Land Sale Act, adequate zoning 
regulations exist in the area in which the lands are located.
    (c) Lands found to be valuable for public purposes will ordinarily 
be classified for sale or lease under the Recreation and Public Purposes 
Act (see part 2740 and subpart 2912 of this chapter) if the proposed use 
involves nonprofit activities and if it is determined by the authorized 
officer that the provisions of that Act are required to insure the 
continued dedication of the lands to such uses, or otherwise to carry 
out the purposes of the Act.
    (d) Lands may be classified for exchange under appropriate authority 
where they are found to be chiefly valuable for public purposes because 
they have special values, arising from the interest of exchange 
proponents, for exchange for other lands which are needed for the 
support of a Federal program.

[[Page 99]]



Sec. 2430.5  Additional criteria for classification of lands valuable for residential,
commercial, agricultural, or industrial purposes.

    (a) Lands which have value for residential, commercial, 
agricultural, or industrial purposes, or for more than one of such 
purposes, will be considered chiefly valuable for that purpose which 
represents the highest and best use of the lands, i.e., their most 
profitable legal use in private ownership.
    (b) Lands may be classified for sale pursuant to the Public Land 
Sale Act as being chiefly valuable for residential, commercial, 
agricultural, or industrial uses or development (other than grazing use 
or use for raising native forage crops), if (1) adequate zoning 
regulations are in effect, and, where the lands also are needed for 
urban or suburban development, (2) adequate local governmental 
comprehensive plans have been adopted.
    (c) Lands determined to be valuable for residential, commercial, 
agricultural, or industrial purposes may be classified for disposal 
under any appropriate authority other than the Public Land Sale Act if 
(1) disposal under such other authority would be consistent with local 
governmental comprehensive plans, or (2) in the absence of such plans, 
with the views of local governmental authorities.
    (d) Lands outside of Alaska may be classified as suitable for 
homestead entry under part 2510 of this chapter if they are (1) chiefly 
valuable for agricultural purposes, and (2) suitable for development as 
a home and farm for a man and his family, and (3) the anticipated return 
from agricultural use of the land would support the residents. If it is 
determined that the irrigation of land otherwise suitable for homestead 
entry would endanger the supply of adequate water for existing users or 
cause the dissipation of water reserves, such land will not be 
classified for entry. Land may be classified for homestead entry only if 
rainfall is adequate, or if under State law, there is available to the 
land sufficient irrigation water, to permit agricultural development of 
its cultivable portions.
    (e) Lands may be classified as suitable for desert land entry under 
part 2520 of this chapter if (1) the lands are chiefly valuable for 
agricultural purposes, and (2) all provisions concerning irrigation 
water set forth in Sec. 2430.5(d) are met.
    (f) Lands outside of Alaska may be classified as suitable for Indian 
allotment under part 2530 of this chapter if (1) the lands are valuable 
for agricultural purposes, and (2) the lands are on the whole suitable 
for a home for an Indian and his family, and (3) the anticipated return 
from agricultural use of the land would support the residents, and (4) 
the requirements for water supplies set forth in Sec. 2430.5(d) are 
met.
    (g) Lands determined to be valuable for purposes other than public 
purposes may be determined to be suitable for exchange if the 
acquisition of the offered lands, the disposition of the public lands, 
and the anticipated costs of consummating the exchange will not disrupt 
governmental operations.



Sec. 2430.6  Additional criteria for lands valuable for other purposes.

    Lands may be classified for disposal under any applicable authority 
where they are found to be chiefly valuable for purposes other than 
those described in Sec. Sec. 2430.2-2430.5 of this section and to be 
not suitable for retention for multiple use management.



PART 2440_SEGREGATION BY CLASSIFICATION--Table of Contents




                  Subpart 2440_Criteria for Segregation

Sec.
2440.1 Use of criteria.
2440.2 General criterion.
2440.3 Specific criteria for segregative effect of classification for 
          retention.
2440.4 Specific criteria for segregative effect of classification for 
          disposal.

    Source: 35 FR 9562, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



                  Subpart 2440_Criteria for Segregation



Sec. 2440.1  Use of criteria.

    The following criteria will govern the determination of the extent 
to which classifications and proposed classifications will segregate the 
affected lands

[[Page 100]]

from settlement, location, sale, selection, entry, lease, or other forms 
of disposal under the public land laws, including the mining and mineral 
leasing laws. The segregative effect of each classification or proposed 
classification will be governed by applicable laws and regulations, and 
will be stated in the classification notice or decision.



Sec. 2440.2  General criterion.

    The public lands classified or proposed to be classified under the 
regulations of this part will be kept open to (i.e., not segregated 
from) as many forms of disposal as possible consistent with the purposes 
of the classification and the resource values of the lands.



Sec. 2440.3  Specific criteria for segregative effect of classification for retention.

    (a) Public lands classified or proposed to be classified for 
retention for multiple-use management will be segregated from those 
forms of disposal which, if the lands remain open thereto, could:
    (1) Interfere significantly with the management of the lands under 
principles of multiple use and sustained yield, or
    (2) Impair or prevent, to an appreciable extent, realization of 
public values in the lands, or
    (3) Impair or prevent, to an appreciable extent, realization of the 
objectives of retention and management set forth in part 2420, or
    (4) Lead to unnecessary expenditures of public or private funds 
arising out of individual efforts to acquire public lands under laws, 
which are in fact not applicable, because of the nature of the resources 
of the lands.
    (b) In applying the criteria in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, 
land shall not be closed to mining location unless the nonmineral uses 
would be inconsistent with and of greater importance to the public 
interest than the continued search for a deposit of valuable minerals.



Sec. 2440.4  Specific criteria for segregative effect of classification for disposal.

    Public lands classified or proposed to be classified for disposal 
will be segregated from those forms of disposal which, if the lands 
remained open thereto, could interfere with the orderly disposal of the 
lands pursuant to appropriate law. Public lands classified or proposed 
to be classified for sale under the Public Land Sale Act (78 Stat. 988, 
43 U.S.C. 1411-18) will be segregated from all forms of disposal under 
the mining and mineral leasing laws.



PART 2450_PETITION-APPLICATION CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM--
Table of Contents




              Subpart 2450_Petition-Application Procedures

Sec.
2450.1 Filing of petition.
2450.2 Preliminary determination.
2450.3 Proposed classification decision.
2450.4 Protests: Initial classification decision.
2450.5 Administrative review.
2450.6 Effect of final order.
2450.7 Right to occupy or settle.
2450.8 Preference right of petitioner-applicant.

    Source: 35 FR 9563, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



              Subpart 2450_Petition-Application Procedures



Sec. 2450.1  Filing of petition.

    (a) When (1) land must be classified or designated pursuant to the 
authorities cited in Sec. 2400.0-3 before an application may be 
approved and (2) the filing of applications is permitted prior to 
classification, the application together with a petition for 
classification on a form approved by the Director (hereinafter referred 
to collectively as a petition-application) must be filed in accordance 
with the provisions of Sec. 1821.2 of this chapter. Lists indicating 
the proper office for filing of applications may be obtained from the 
Director or any other officer of the Bureau of Land Management. Copies 
of the petition for classification form and the application forms may be 
obtained from the proper offices or from the Bureau of Land Management, 
Washington, DC 20240.



Sec. 2450.2  Preliminary determination.

    Upon the filing of a petition-application, the authorized officer 
shall make

[[Page 101]]

a preliminary determination as to whether it is regular upon its face 
and, where there is no apparent defect, shall proceed to investigate and 
classify the land for which it has been filed. No further consideration 
will be given to the merits of an application or the qualifications of 
an applicant unless or until the land has been classified for the 
purpose for which the petition-application has been filed.



Sec. 2450.3  Proposed classification decision.

    (a) The State Director shall make and issue a proposed 
classification decision which shall contain a statement of reasons in 
support thereof. Such decisions shall be served upon (1) each 
petitioner-applicant for the land, (2) any grazing permittee, licensee, 
or lessee on the land, or his representative, (3) the District Advisory 
Board, (4) the local governing board, planning commission, State 
coordinating committee, or other official or quasi-official body having 
jurisdiction over zoning in the geographic area within which the lands 
are located, and (5) any governmental officials or agencies from whom 
the record discloses comments on the classification have been received. 
If the decision affects more than 2,560 acres and would lead to the 
disposal of the lands, the decision will also be published in accordance 
with the provisions of subpart 2462.
    (b) When there are multiple petition-applications for the same land, 
the proposed classification decision shall state which petition-
application, if any, will be entitled to preference under applicable 
law; or where no petition-application has been filed for the purpose for 
which the land is proposed to be classified, the decision shall so 
state.
    (1) When multiple petition-applications have been filed for the same 
land, the one first filed for the purpose for which the land is 
classified will be entitled to preference under applicable law.
    (2) When two or more petition-applications have been simultaneously 
filed for the purpose for which the land is classified, the petition-
application entitled to preference will be the first to be selected by 
drawing.
    (3) If no petition-application has been filed for the purpose for 
which it is proposed to classify the land, the proposed decision shall 
state that the land will be opened to application by all qualified 
individuals on an equal-opportunity basis after public notice.



Sec. 2450.4  Protests: Initial classification decision.

    (a) For a period of 30 days after the proposed classification 
decision has been served upon the parties listed in Sec. 2450.3(a), 
protests thereto may be filed by an interested party with the State 
Director. No particular form of protest is required under this 
subparagraph, it being the intent of this procedure to afford the State 
Director the opportunity to review the proposed classification decision 
in the light of such protests.
    (b) If no protests are filed within the time allowed, the proposed 
classification action shall be issued as the initial classification 
decision of the State Director, and shall be served on the petitioner-
applicants and upon grazing permittees, licensees, or lessees.
    (c) If protests are timely filed, they shall be reviewed by the 
State Director, who may require statements or affidavits, take 
testimony, or conduct further field investigations as are deemed 
necessary to establish the facts. At the conclusion of such review, the 
State Director shall issue an initial classification decision, either 
revised or as originally proposed, which shall be served on all 
interested parties.



Sec. 2450.5  Administrative review.

    (a) For a period of 30 days after service thereof upon all parties 
in interest, the initial classification decision of the State Director 
shall be subject to the exercise of supervisory authority by the 
Secretary of the Interior for the purpose of administrative review.
    (b) If, 30 days from receipt by parties in interest of the initial 
decision of the State Director, the Secretary has not either on his own 
motion, or motion of any protestant, petitioner-applicant, or the State 
Director, exercised supervisory authority for review, the initial 
classification decision shall become the final order of the Secretary.

[[Page 102]]

    (c) The exercise of supervisory authority by the Secretary shall 
automatically vacate the initial classification decision and the final 
Departmental decision shall be issued by the Secretary of the Interior 
and served upon all parties in interest.
    (d) No petitioner-applicant or protestant to a proposed 
classification decision of a State Director to whom the provisions of 
this section are applicable shall be entitled to any administrative 
review other than that provided by this section or to appeal under 
provisions of parts 1840 and 1850 of this chapter.



Sec. 2450.6  Effect of final order.

    (a) A final order of the Secretary shall continue in full force and 
effect so long as the lands remain subject to classification under the 
authorities cited in subpart 2400 until an authorized officer revokes or 
modifies it. Until it is so revoked or modified, all applications and 
petition-applications for the lands not consistent with the 
classification of the lands will not be allowed. Any payments submitted 
therewith will be returned. If the order is revoked or modified, the 
land will be opened to entry on an equal-opportunity basis after public 
notice in accordance with applicable regulations for the purpose for 
which it may be classified.
    (b) Nothing in this section, however, shall prevent the Secretary of 
the Interior, personally and not through a delegate, from vacating or 
modifying a final order of the Secretary. In the event that the 
Secretary vacates or modifies a final order within sixty days of the 
date it became final, any preference right of a petitioner-applicant 
will be restored.



Sec. 2450.7  Right to occupy or settle.

    The filing of a petition-application gives no right to occupy or 
settle upon the land. A person shall be entitled to the possession and 
use of land only after his entry, selection, or location has been 
allowed, or a lease has been issued. Settlement on the land prior to 
that time constitutes a trespass.



Sec. 2450.8  Preference right of petitioner-applicant.

    Where public land is classified for entry under section 7 of the 
Taylor Grazing Act or under the Small Tract Act pursuant to a petition-
application filed under this part, the petitioner-applicant is entitled 
to a preference right of entry, if qualified. If, however, it should be 
necessary thereafter for any reason to reject the application of the 
preference right claimant, the next petitioner-applicant in order of 
filing shall succeed to the preference right. If there is no other 
petitioner-applicant the land may be opened to application by all 
qualified individuals on an equal-opportunity basis after public notice 
or the classification may be revoked by the authorized officer.



PART 2460_BUREAU INITIATED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM--Table of Contents




           Subpart 2461_Multiple-Use Classification Procedures

Sec.
2461.0-1 Purpose.
2461.1 Proposed classifications.
2261.2 Classifications.
2461.3 Administrative review.
2461.4 Changing classifications.
2461.5 Segregative effect.

    Subpart 2462_Disposal Classification Procedure: Over 2,560 Acres

2462.0-3 Authority.
2462.1 Publication of notice of, and public hearings on, proposed 
          classification.
2462.2 Publication of notice of classification.
2462.3 Administrative review.
2462.4 Segregative effect of publication.



           Subpart 2461_Multiple-Use Classification Procedures

    Source: 35 FR 9564, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2461.0-1  Purpose.

    Formal action to classify land for retention for multiple use 
management will be governed by the following procedures

[[Page 103]]



Sec. 2461.1  Proposed classifications.

    (a) Proposed classifications will be clearly set forth on a map by 
the authorized officer, and on the Land Office records.
    (1) Notice of proposed classifications involving more than 2,560 
acres will be, and those involving 2,560 acres or less may be, published 
in the Federal Register and an announcement in a newspaper having 
general circulation in the area or areas in the vicinity of the affected 
lands.
    (2) Notice of the proposals will be sent to authorized users, 
licensees, lessees, and permittees, or their selected representatives, 
the head of the governing body of the political subdivision of the 
State, if any, having jurisdiction over zoning in the geographic area in 
which the lands are located, the governor of that State, the BLM 
multiple use advisory board in that State, and the District advisory 
board and to any other parties indicating interest in such 
classifications.
    (3) The notice will indicate where and when the map and Land Office 
records may be examined. The notice will specify the general location of 
the lands, the acreage involved, and the extent to which the land is 
proposed to be segregated from settlement, location, sale, selection, 
entry, lease, or other form of disposal under the public land laws, 
including the mining and mineral leasing laws. The notice of proposed 
classification will specify the period during which comments will be 
received, which will not be less than 60 days from date of publication 
of the notice.
    (4) The authorized officer will hold a public hearing on the 
proposal if (i) the proposed classification will affect more than 25,000 
acres or (ii) he determines that sufficient public interest exists to 
warrant the time and expense of a hearing.



Sec. 2461.2  Classifications.

    Not less than 60 days after publication of the proposed 
classification, a classification will be made by the authorized officer, 
and a notice of classification published in the Federal Register and 
recorded in the Land Office records and on a map which will be filed in 
the local BLM District Office. Such map will be available for public 
inspection.



Sec. 2461.3  Administrative review.

    For a period of 30 days after publication of the classification in 
the Federal Register, the classification shall be subject to the 
exercise of administrative review and modification by the Secretary of 
the Interior.



Sec. 2461.4  Changing classifications.

    Classifications may be changed, using the procedures specified in 
this subpart.



Sec. 2461.5  Segregative effect.

    Segregative effect of classifications and proposed classifications:
    (a) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of proposed 
classification pursuant to Sec. 2461.1(a) or of a notice of 
classification pursuant to Sec. 2461.2 will segregate the affected land 
to the extent indicated in the notice.
    (b) The segregative effect of a proposed classification will 
terminate in one of the following ways:
    (1) Classification of the lands within 2 years of publication of the 
notice of proposed classification in the Federal Register;
    (2) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of termination 
of the proposed classification;
    (3) An Act of Congress;
    (4) Expiration of a 2-year period from the date of publication of 
the notice of proposed classification without continuance as prescribed 
by the Classification and Multiple Use Act, or expiration of an 
additional period, not exceeding 2 years, if the required notice of 
proposed continuance is given.
    (c) The segregative effect of a classification for retention will 
terminate in one of the following ways:
    (1) Reclassification of the lands for some form of disposal;
    (2) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of termination 
of the classification;
    (3) An Act of Congress;
    (4) Expiration of the classification.

[[Page 104]]



    Subpart 2462_Disposal Classification Procedure: Over 2,560 Acres

    Source: 35 FR 9564, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2462.0-3  Authority.

    Section 2 of the Classification and Multiple Use Act of September 
19, 1964 (78 Stat. 986, 43 U.S.C. 1412), requires the Secretary of the 
Interior to take certain actions when he proposes the classification for 
sale or other disposal under any statute of a tract of land in excess of 
2,560 acres.



Sec. 2462.1  Publication of notice of, and public hearings on, proposed classification.

    The authorized officer shall publish a notice of his proposed 
classification in the Federal Register and an announcement in a 
newspaper having general circulation in the area or areas in the 
vicinity of the affected land. The notice shall include the legal 
description of the affected land, the law or laws under which the lands 
would be disposed of together with such other information as the 
authorized officer deems pertinent. Copies of the notice will be sent to 
the head of the governing body of the political subdivision of the 
State, if any, having jurisdiction over zoning in the geographic area 
within which the affected lands are located, the governor of that State 
and the BLM multiple use advisory board in that State, the land-use 
planning officer and land-use planning committees, if any, of the 
county, in which the affected lands are located, the authorized user or 
users of the lands or their selected representatives, all petitioner-
applicants involved, and any other party the authorized officer 
determines to have an interest in the proper use of the lands. The 
authorized officer will hold a public hearing on the proposal if (a) the 
proposed classification will affect more than 25,000 acres or (b) he 
determines that sufficient public interest exists to warrant the time 
and expense of a hearing.



Sec. 2462.2  Publication of notice of classification.

    After having considered the comments received as the result of 
publication, the authorized officer may classify the lands any time 
after the expiration of 60 days following the publication of the 
proposed classification in the Federal Register. The authorized officer 
shall publicize the classification in the same manner as the proposed 
classification was publicized, indicating in the notice the differences, 
if any, between the proposed classification and the classification.



Sec. 2462.3  Administrative review.

    For a period of 30 days after publication in the Federal Register of 
a notice of classification for disposal, the classification shall be 
subject to the exercise of supervisory authority by the Secretary of the 
Interior for the purpose of administrative review. If, 30 days from date 
of publication, the Secretary has neither on his own motion, on motion 
of any protestant or the State Director exercised supervisory authority 
for review, the classification shall become the final order of the 
Secretary. The exercise of supervisory authority by the Secretary shall 
automatically vacate the classification and reinstate the proposed 
classification together with its segregative effect. In this event the 
final departmental decision shall be issued by the Secretary and 
published in the Federal Register.



Sec. 2462.4  Segregative effect of publication.

    (a) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of proposed 
classification pursuant to Sec. 2462.1 or of a notice of classification 
pursuant to Sec. 2462.2 will segregate the affected land from all forms 
of disposal under the public land laws, including the mining laws except 
the form or forms of disposal for which it is proposed to classify the 
lands. However, publication will not alter the applicability of the 
public land laws governing the use of the lands under lease, license, or 
permit, or governing the disposal of their mineral and vegetative 
resources, other than under the mining laws.

[[Page 105]]

    (b) The segregative effect of a proposed classification will 
terminate in one of the following ways:
    (1) Classification of the lands within 2 years of publication of the 
notice of proposed classification in the Federal Register;
    (2) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of termination 
of the proposed classification;
    (3) An Act of Congress;
    (4) Expiration of a 2-year period from the date of publication of 
the notice of proposed classification without continuance as prescribed 
by the Classification and Multiple Use Act of September 19, 1964 (78 
Stat. 986, 43 U.S.C. 1411-18), or expiration of an additional period, 
not exceeding 2 years, if the required notice of proposed continuance is 
given.
    (c) The segregative effect of a classification for sale or other 
disposal will terminate in one of the following ways:
    (1) Disposal of the lands;
    (2) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of termination 
of the classification;
    (3) An Act of Congress;
    (4) Expiration of 2 years from the date of publication of the 
proposed classification without disposal of the land and without the 
notice of proposed continuance as prescribed by the Classification and 
Multiple Use Act; or
    (5) Expiration of an additional period, not exceeding 2 years, if 
the required notice of proposed continuance is given.



PART 2470_POSTCLASSIFICATION ACTIONS--Table of Contents




                   Subpart 2470_Opening and Allowance

Sec.
2470.1 Opening of lands to disposal.
2470.2 Allowance and entry.

    Source: 35 FR 9565, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



                   Subpart 2470_Opening and Allowance



Sec. 2470.1  Opening of lands to disposal.

    After lands have been classified for disposal, the authorized 
officer shall, at the appropriate time, open the lands to those forms of 
disposal consistent with the classification.

[35 FR 9565 June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2470.2  Allowance and entry.

    (a) After lands are classified pursuant to the regulations of this 
part, and opened for entry or other disposal, all the laws and 
regulations governing the particular kind of entry, location, selection, 
or other disposal must be complied with in order for title to vest or 
other interests to pass.
    (b) After lands are classified for disposal under the regulations of 
this subpart, the lands shall be offered for sale or other disposal 
consistent with the classification. If a petitioner-applicant does not 
have a preference right under Sec. 2450.8, the lands shall be opened on 
an equal-opportunity basis.

[35 FR 9565 June 13, 1970]



Group 2500_Disposition; Occupancy and Use--Table of Contents




    Note: The information collection requirements contained in parts 
2520, 2530, 2540 and 2560 of Group 2500 have been approved by the Office 
of Management and Budget under 44 U.S.C. 3507 and assigned clearance 
numbers 1004-0004, 1004-1010, 1004-0011, 1004-0023, 1004-0026, 1004-
0028, 1004-0029 and 1004-0069. The information is being collected to 
permit the authorized officer to determine whether certain petitions or 
applications for use and occupancy of the public lands should be 
granted. The information will be used to make that determination. A 
response is required to obtain a benefit.

[48 FR 40889, Sept. 12, 1983]



PART 2520_DESERT-LAND ENTRIES--Table of Contents




                Subpart 2520_Desert-Land Entries: General

Sec.
2520.0-1 Purpose.
2520.0-3 Authority.
2520.0-5 Definitions.
2520.0-7 Cross references.
2520.0-8 Land subject to disposition.

                         Subpart 2521_Procedures

2521.1 Who may make desert-land entry.
2521.2 Petitions and applications.
2521.3 Assignment.
2521.4 When lands may be sold, taxed, or mortgaged.

[[Page 106]]

2521.5 Annual proof.
2521.6 Final proof.
2521.7 Amendments.
2521.8 Contests.
2521.9 Relinquishments.

           Subpart 2522_Extensions of Time To Make Final Proof

2522.1 General acts authorizing extensions of time.
2522.2 Procedure on applications for extensions of time, where contest 
          is pending.
2522.3 Act of March 28, 1908.
2522.4 Act of April 30, 1912.
2522.5 Act of February 25, 1925.
2522.6 Service fees.

                          Subpart 2523_Payments

2523.1 Collection of purchase money and fees; issuance of final 
          certificate.
2523.2 Amounts to be paid.

      Subpart 2524_Desert-Land Entries Within a Reclamation Project

2524.1 Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land 
          laws.
2524.2 Annual proof.
2524.3 Time extended to make final proof.
2524.4 Beginning of period for compliance with the law.
2524.5 Assignment of desert-land entries in whole or in part.
2524.6 Desert-land entryman may proceed independently of Government 
          irrigation.
2524.7 Disposal of lands in excess of 160 acres.
2524.8 Cancellation of entries for nonpayment of water-right charges.



                Subpart 2520_Desert-Land Entries: General

    Authority: R.S. 2478; 43 U.S.C. 1201.

    Source: 35 FR 9581, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2520.0-1  Purpose.

    (a) It is the purpose of the statutes governing desert-land entries 
to encourage and promote the reclamation, by irrigation, of the arid and 
semiarid public lands of the Western States through individual effort 
and private capital, it being assumed that settlement and occupation 
will naturally follow when the lands have thus been rendered more 
productive and habitable.



Sec. 2520.0-3  Authority.

    The Act of March 3, 1877 (19 Stat. 377; 43 U.S.C. 321-323) as 
amended by the Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1096; 43 U.S.C. 231, 323, 
325, 327-329), provides for the making of desert-land entries in the 
States of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New 
Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and 
Wyoming.



Sec. 2520.0-5  Definitions.

    (a) As used in the desert-land laws and the regulations of this 
subpart:
    (1) Reclamation requires conducting water in adequate amounts and 
quality to the land so as to render it available for distribution when 
needed for irrigation and cultivation.
    (2) Cultivation requires the operation, practice, or act of tillage 
or preparation of land for seed, and keeping the ground in a state 
favorable for the growth of crops.
    (3) Irrigation requires the application of water to land for the 
purpose of growing crops.
    (4) Crop includes any agricultural product to which the land under 
consideration is generally adapted and which would return a fair reward 
for the expense of producing it.
    (5) Water supply, to be adequate, must be sufficient to irrigate 
successfully and to reclaim all of the irrigable land embraced in an 
entry.
    (6) Water right means the authority, whether by prior ownership, 
contract, purchase, or appropriation in accordance with state law, to 
use water on the land to be irrigated.



Sec. 2520.0-7  Cross references.

    (a) For assignment of desert-land entries within Government 
reclamation projects, see Sec. 2524.5(a).
    (b) For provisions under Appeals and Hearings see parts 1840 and 
1850 of this chapter.
    (c) For relinquishments, in general, see subpart 1825 of this 
chapter.
    (d) For residence and cultivation requirements under the homestead 
laws, see Sec. 2511.4-2(a).



Sec. 2520.0-8  Land subject to disposition.

    (a) Land that may be entered as desert land. (1) As the desert-land 
law requires

[[Page 107]]

the artificial irrigation of any land entered thereunder, lands which 
are not susceptible of irrigation by practicable means are not deemed 
subject to entry as desert lands. The question as to whether any 
particular tract sought to be entered as desert land is in fact 
irrigable from the source proposed by the applicant will be investigated 
and determined before the application for entry is allowed. In order to 
be subject to entry under the desert-land law, public lands must be not 
only irrigable but also surveyed, unreserved, unappropriated, non-
mineral (except lands withdrawn, classified, or valuable for coal, 
phosphate, nitrate, potash, sodium, sulphur, oil, gas or asphaltic 
minerals, which may be entered with a reservation of such mineral 
deposits, as explained in subpart 2093, nontimbered, and such as will 
not, without artificial irrigation, produce any reasonably remunerative 
agricultural crop by the usual means or methods of cultivation. In this 
latter class are those lands which, one year with another for a series 
of years, will not without irrigation produce paying crops, but on which 
crops can be successfully grown in alternate years by means of the so-
called dry-farming system. (37 L.D. 522 and 42 L.D. 524.)
    (2) Applications to make desert-land entries of lands embraced in 
applications, permits, or leases under the Act of February 25, 1920 (41 
Stat. 437), if in all other respects complete, will be treated in 
accordance with Sec. Sec. 2093.0-3 to 2093.0-7. Applications to make 
desert-land entries of lands within a naval petroleum reserve must be 
rejected, as no desert-land entry may be allowed for such lands.
    (3) Land that has been effectually reclaimed is not subject to 
desert land entry.
    (b) Quantity of lands that may be entered. An entry of lands under 
the Act of March 3, 1877, is limited to 320 acres, subject to the 
following additional limitations:
    (1) An entry of lands within an irrigation district which the 
Secretary of the Interior or his delegate has approved under the Act of 
August 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 506; 43 U.S.C. 621-630), is limited to 160 
acres.
    (2) An entryman may have a desert-land entry for such a quantity of 
land as, taken together with all land acquired and claimed by him under 
the other agricultural land laws since August 30, 1890, does not exceed 
320 acres in the aggregate, or 480 acres if he shall have made an 
enlarged homestead entry of 320 acres (Acts of August 30, 1890; 26 Stat. 
391; 43 U.S.C. 212; and of February 27, 1917; 39 Stat. 946; 43 U.S.C. 
330).
    (c) Entries restricted to surveyed lands. Unsurveyed public land 
withdrawn by Executive Orders 6910 and 6964 of November 26, 1934, and 
February 5, 1935, respectively, is not subject to appropriation, under 
the desert-land laws, until such appropriation has been authorized by 
classification. (See parts 2410, 2420, and 2430.)
    (d) Economic unit requirements, compactness. (1) One or more tracts 
of public lands may be included in a desert land entry and the tracts so 
entered need not be contiguous. All the tracts entered, however, shall 
be sufficiently close to each other to be managed satisfactorily as an 
economic unit. In addition, the lands in the entry must be in as compact 
a form as possible taking into consideration the character of available 
public lands and the effect of allowance of the entry on the remaining 
public lands in the area.
    (2) In addition to the other requirements of the regulations in this 
part, applicants for desert land entry must submit with their 
applications information showing that the tracts applied for are 
sufficiently close to each other to be managed satisfactorily as an 
economic unit and that the lands in the application are as compact as 
possible in the circumstances.
    (3) In determining whether an entry can be allowed in the form 
sought, the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management will 
take into consideration such factors as the topography of the applied 
for and adjoining lands, the availability of public lands near the lands 
sought, the private lands farmed by the applicant, the farming systems 
and practices common to the locality and the character of the lands 
sought, and the practicability of farming the lands as an economically 
feasible operating unit.

[[Page 108]]



                         Subpart 2521_Procedures

    Source: 35 FR 9582, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2521.1  Who may make desert-land entry.

    (a) Citizenship. (1) Any citizen of the United States 21 years of 
age, or any person of that age who has declared his intention of 
becoming a citizen of the United States, and who can truthfully make the 
statements specified in Sec. Sec. 2520.0-8(c) and 2521.2(a) can make a 
desert-land entry. Thus, a woman, whether married or single, who 
possesses the necessary qualifications, can make a desert-land entry, 
and, if married, without taking into consideration any entries her 
husband may have made.
    (2) At the time of making final proof claimants of alien birth must 
have been admitted to citizenship, but evidence of naturalization need 
not be furnished if it has already been filed in connection with the 
original declaration or with the proof of an assignment of the entry.
    (b) Second and additional entries. A person's right of entry under 
the desert-land law is exhausted either by filing an allowable 
application and withdrawing it prior to its allowance or by making an 
entry or by taking an assignment of an entry, in whole or in part, 
except under the conditions described in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of 
this section.
    (1) Under the Act of September 5, 1914 (38 Stat. 712; 43 U.S.C. 
182), if a person, otherwise duly qualified to make a desert-land entry, 
has previously filed an allowable application, or made such entry or 
entries and through no fault of his own has lost, forfeited, or 
abandoned the same, such person may make another entry. In such case, 
however, it must be shown that the prior application, entry, or entries 
were made in good faith, and were lost, forfeited, or abandoned because 
of matters beyond the applicant's control, and that the applicant has 
not speculated in his right, nor committed a fraud or attempted fraud in 
connection with such prior entry or entries. As the assignment of an 
entry involves no loss, forfeiture, or abandonment thereof, but carries 
a benefit to the assignor, it is held to exhaust his right of entry 
under the desert-land law. Hence, no person who has assigned such entry, 
in whole or in part, will be permitted to make another entry or to take 
one or any part thereof by assignment except where paragraph (b)(2) of 
this section applies.
    (2) The Act of June 16, 1955 (69 Stat. 138) authorizes any person 
who prior to June 16, 1955, made a valid desert-land entry on lands 
subject to the Acts of June 22, 1910 (36 Stat. 583; 30 U.S.C. 33-85), or 
of July 17, 1914 (38 Stat. 509; 30 U.S.C. 121-123), if otherwise 
qualified to enter as a personal privilege not assignable, an additional 
tract of desert land, providing such additional tract shall not, 
together with the original entry, exceed 320 acres. Applicants and 
entrymen under the Act of June 16, 1955, are subject to, and must comply 
with, all the regulations of this part, including the acreage 
limitations of Sec. 2520.0-8(b).



Sec. 2521.2  Petitions and applications.

    (a) Filing and fees. (1) A person who desires to enter public lands 
under the desert land laws must file an application together with a 
petition on forms approved by the Director, properly executed. However, 
if the lands described in the application have been already classified 
and opened for disposition under the desert land laws, no petition is 
required. The documents must be filed in the proper office (see Sec. 
1821.2-1 of this chapter).
    (2) All applications must be accompanied by an application service 
fee of $15 which is not returnable, and the payment of 25 cents per acre 
for the lands therein described as required by law.
    (b) Post-office addresses of applicants and witnesses. Applicants 
and witnesses must in all cases state their places of actual residence, 
their business or occupation, and their post-office addresses. It is not 
sufficient to name only the county or State in which a person lives, but 
the town or city must be named also; and where the residence is in a 
city the street and number must be given. It is especially important to 
claimants that upon changing their

[[Page 109]]

post-office addresses they promptly notify the authorizing officer of 
such change, for in case of failure to do so their entries may be 
canceled upon notice sent to the address of record but not received by 
them.
    (c) Execution of applications and proofs; time for filing of 
applications. (1) Applications and proofs, except final proofs required 
by R.S. 2294 (43 U.S.C. 254), must be signed by the applicants but need 
not be under oath. Final proofs may be executed before any officer 
authorized to administer oaths in public land cases, as explained by 
Sec. 1821.3-2 of this chapter.
    (2) An application to make desert-land entry is not acceptable if 
dated more than 10 days before its filing at the land office.
    (d) Evidence of water rights required with application. No desert-
land application will be allowed unless accompanied by evidence 
satisfactorily showing either that the intending entryman has already 
acquired by appropriation, purchase, or contract a right to the 
permanent use of sufficient water to irrigate and reclaim all of the 
irrigable portion of the land sought, or that he has initiated and 
prosecuted, as far as then possible, appropriate steps looking to the 
acquisition of such a right, or, in States where no permit or right to 
appropriate water is granted until the land embraced within the 
application is classified as suitable for desert-land entry or the entry 
is allowed, a showing that the applicant is otherwise qualified under 
State law to secure such permit or right. If applicant intends to 
procure water from an irrigation district, corporation, or association, 
but is unable to obtain a contract for the water in advance of the 
allowance of his entry, then he must furnish, in lieu of the contract, 
some written assurance from the responsible officials of such district, 
corporation, or association that, if his entry be allowed, applicant 
will be able to obtain from that source the necessary water. The 
authorizing officer will examine the evidence submitted in such 
applications and either reject defective applications or require 
additional evidence.



Sec. 2521.3  Assignment.

    (a) Lands which may be assigned. While by the Act of March 3, 1891 
(26 Stat. 1096; 43 U.S.C. 329), assignments of desert-land entries were 
recognized, the Department of the Interior, largely for administrative 
reasons, held that a desert-land entry might be assigned as a whole or 
in its entirety, but refused to recognize the assignment of only a 
portion of an entry. The Act of March 28, 1908, however, provides for an 
assignment of such entries, in whole or in part, but this does not mean 
that less than a legal subdivision may be assigned. Therefore no 
assignment, otherwise than by legal subdivisions, will be recognized. 
The legal subdivisions assigned must be contiguous.
    (b) Qualifications of assignees. (1) The Act of March 28, 1908, also 
provides that no person may take a desert-land entry by assignment 
unless he is qualified to enter the tract so assigned to him. Therefore, 
if a person is not at least 21 years of age and, excepting Nevada, a 
resident citizen of the State wherein the land involved is located; or 
if he is not a ciitzen of the United States, or a person who has 
declared his intention to become a citizen thereof; or, if he has made a 
desert-land entry in his own right and is not entitled under Sec. 
2521.1 to make a second or an additional entry, he cannot take such an 
entry by assignment. The language of the act indicates that the taking 
of an entry by assignment is equivalent to the making of an entry, and 
this being so, no person is allowed to take more than one entry by 
assignment, unless it be done as the exercise of a right of second or 
additional entry.
    (2) A person who has the right to make a second or additional 
desert-land entry may exercise that right by taking an assignment of a 
desert-land entry, or part of such entry, if he is otherwise qualified 
to make a desert-land entry for the particular tract assigned.
    (3) The Act of March 28, 1908, also provides that no assignment to 
or for the benefit of any corporation shall be authorized or recognized.
    (c) Showing required of assignees; recognition of assignments. (1) 
As evidence of the assignment there should be transmitted to the 
authorizing officer

[[Page 110]]

the original deed of assignment or a certified copy thereof. Where the 
deed of assignment is recorded a certified copy may be made by the 
officer who has custody of the record. Where the original deed is 
presented to an officer qualified to take proof in desert-land cases, a 
copy certified by such officer will be accepted.
    (2) An assignee must file with his deed of assignment, a statement 
on a form approved by the Director, showing his qualifications to take 
the entry assigned to him. He must show what applications or entries, if 
any, have been made by him or what entries assigned to him under the 
agricultural public land laws, and he must also show his qualifications 
as a citizen of the United States; that he is 21 years of age or over; 
and also that he is a resident citizen of the State in which the land 
assigned to him is situated, except in the State of Nevada, where 
citizenship of the United States only is required. If the assignee is 
not a native-born citizen of the United States, he should also furnish a 
statement as to his citizenship status in accordance with subpart 1811 
of this chapter. If the assignee is a woman, she should in all cases 
state whether she is married, and if so, she must make the showing 
required by subpart 1811 of this chapter. Desert-land entries are 
initiated by the payment of 25 cents per acre, and no assignable right 
is acquired by the application prior to such payment. (6 L.D. 541, 33 
L.D. 152.) An assignment made on the day of such payment, or soon 
thereafter, is treated as suggesting fraud, and such cases will be 
carefully scrutinized. The provisions of law authorizing the assignment 
of desert entries, in whole or in part, furnish no authority to a 
claimant under said law to make an executory contract to convey the land 
after the issuance of patent and thereafter to proceed with the 
submission of final proof in furtherance of such contract. (34 L.D. 
383.) The sale of land embraced in an entry at any time before final 
payment is made must be regarded as an assignment of the entry, and in 
such cases the person buying the land must show that he possesses all 
the qualifications required of an assignee. (29 L.D. 453.) The assignor 
of a desert-land entry may execute the assignment before any officer 
authorized to take acknowledgements of deeds. The assignee must furnish 
a statement on a form approved by the Director as to his qualifications.
    (3) No assignments of desert-land entries or parts of entries are 
conclusive until examined in the proper office and found satisfactory 
and the assignment recognized. When recognized, however, the assignee 
takes the place of the assignor as effectively as though he had made the 
entry, and is subject to any requirement that may be made relative 
thereto. The assignment of a desert-land entry to one disqualified to 
acquire title under the desert-land law, and to whom, therefore, 
recognition of the assignment is refused by the authorizing officer, 
does not of itself render the entry fraudulent, but leaves the right 
thereto in the assignor. In such connection, however, see 42 L.D. 90 and 
48 L.D. 519.
    (4) All applications for recognition of assignment of desert-land 
entries must be accompanied by an application service fee of $10 which 
will not be returnable.



Sec. 2521.4  When lands may be sold, taxed, or mortgaged.

    (a) After final proof and payment have been made the land may be 
sold and conveyed to another person without the approval of the Bureau 
of Land Management, but all such conveyances are nevertheless subject to 
the superior rights of the United States, and the title so contained 
would fall if it should be finally determined that the entry was illegal 
or that the entryman had failed to comply with the law.
    (b) Lands embraced in unperfected desert-land entries are not 
subject to taxation by the State authorities, nor to levy and sale under 
execution to satisfy judgments against the entrymen, except as 
hereinafter set forth in this section.
    (c) Lands embraced in desert-land entries within an irrigation 
district which the Secretary of the Interior has approved under the Act 
of August 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 506; 43 U.S.C. 621-630), may be taxed and 
otherwise dealt with as provided by said act, and lands in desert-land 
entries within irrigation

[[Page 111]]

projects constructed under the Reclamation Act may be taxed as provided 
for by the Act of June 13, 1930 (46 Stat. 581; 43 U.S.C. 455, 455a-
455c).
    (d) A desert-land entryman may, however, mortgage his interest in 
the entered land if, by the laws of the State in which the land is 
situated, a mortgage of land is regarded as merely creating a lien 
thereon and not as a conveyance thereof. The purchaser at a sale had for 
the foreclosure of such mortgage may be recognized as assignee upon 
furnishing proof of his qualifications to take a desert-land entry by 
assignment. Transferees, after final proof, mortgagees, or other 
encumbrancers may file in the proper office written notice stating the 
nature of their claims, and they will there upon become entitled to 
receive notice of any action taken by the Bureau of Land Management with 
reference to the entry.
    (e) The filing of all notices of recordation of claim by 
transferees, mortgagees or other encumbrancer under this section must be 
accompanied by a service charge of $10 which will not be returnable.



Sec. 2521.5  Annual proof.

    (a) Showing required. (1) In order to test the sincerity and good 
faith of claimants under the desert-land laws and to prevent the 
segregation for a number of years of public lands in the interest of 
persons who have no intention to reclaim them, Congress, in the Act of 
March 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1096; 43 U.S.C. 327, 328) made the requirement 
that a map be filed at the initiation of the entry showing the mode of 
contemplated irrigation and the proposed source of water supply, and 
that there be expended yearly for 3 years from the date of the entry not 
less than $1 for each acre of the tract entered, making a total of not 
less than $3 per acre, in the necessary irrigation, reclamation, and 
cultivation of the land, in permanent improvements thereon, and in the 
purchase of water rights for the irrigation thereof, and that at the 
expiration of the third year a map or plan be filed showing the 
character and extent of the improvements placed on the claim. Said act, 
however, authorizes the submission of final proof at an earlier date 
than 4 years from the time the entry is made in cases wherein 
reclamation has been effected and expenditures of not less than $3 per 
acre have been made.
    (2) Yearly or annual proof of expenditures must consist of the 
statements of two or more credible witnesses, each of whom must have 
general knowledge that the expenditures were made for the purpose stated 
in the proof. Annual proofs must contain itemized statements showing the 
manner in which expenditures were made.
    (b) Acceptable expenditures. (1) Expenditures for the construction 
and maintenance of storage reservoirs, dams, canals, ditches, and 
laterals to be used by claimant for irrigating his land; for roads where 
they are necessary; for erecting stables, corrals, etc.; for digging 
wells, where the water therefrom is to be used for irrigating the land; 
for stock or interest in an approved irrigation company, or for taxes 
paid to an approved irrigation district through which water is to be 
secured to irrigate the land; and for leveling and bordering land 
proposed to be irrigated, will be accepted. Expenditures for fencing all 
or a portion of the claim, for surveying for the purpose of ascertaining 
the levels for canals, ditches, etc., and for the first breaking or 
clearing of the soil are also acceptable.
    (2) The value to be attached to, and the credit to be given for, an 
expenditure for works or improvements is the reasonable value of the 
work done or improvement placed upon the land, according to the market 
price therefor, or for similar work or improvements prevailing in the 
vicinity, and not the amount alleged by a claimant to have been expended 
nor the mere proof of expenditures, as exhibited by checks or other 
vouchers. (Bradley v. Vasold, 36 L.D. 106.)
    (c) Expenditures not acceptable. (1) Expenditures for cultivation 
after the soil has been first prepared may not be accepted, because the 
claimant is supposed to be compensated for such work by the crops to be 
reaped as a result of cultivation. Expenditures for surveying the claim 
in order to locate the corners of same may not be accepted. The cost of 
tools, implements, wagons, and repairs to same, used in construction

[[Page 112]]

work, may not be computed in cost of construction. Expenditures for 
material of any kind will not be allowed unless such material has 
actually been installed or employed in and for the purpose for which it 
was purchased. For instances, if credit is asked for posts and wire for 
fences or for pump or other well machinery, it must be shown that the 
fence has been actually constructed or the well machinery actually put 
in place. No expenditures can be credited on annual proofs upon a 
desert-land entry unless made on account of that particular entry, and 
expenditures once credited can not be again applied. This rule applies 
to second entries as well as to original entries, and a claimant who 
relinquishes his entry and makes second entry of the same land under the 
Act of September 5, 1914, cannot receive credit on annual proofs upon 
the second entry for expenditures made on account of the former entry. 
(41 L.D. 601 and 42 L.D. 523.)
    (2) Expenditures for the clearing of the land will not receive 
credit in cases where the vegetation or brush claimed to have been 
cleared away has not been actually removed by the roots. Therefore, 
expenditures for clearing, where as a matter of fact there has been only 
crushing, or rolling, or what is known in some localities as railing the 
land will not be accepted.
    (3) No expenditures for stock or interest in an irrigation company, 
through which water is to be secured for irrigating the land, will be 
accepted as satisfactory annual expenditure until a field examiner, or 
other authorized officer, has submitted a report as to the resources and 
reliability of the company, including its actual water right, and such 
report has been favorably acted upon by the Bureau of Land Management. 
The stock purchased must carry the right to water, and it must be shown 
that payment in cash has been made at least to the extent of the amount 
claimed as expenditure for the purchase of such stock in connection with 
the annual proof submitted, and such stock must be actually owned by the 
claimants at the time of the submission of final proof.
    (d) Procedure where proof is not made when due. Authorizing officers 
will examine their records frequently for the purpose of ascertaining 
whether all annual proofs due on pending desert-land entries have been 
made, and in every case where the claimant is in default in that respect 
they will send him notice and allow him 60 days in which to submit such 
proof. If the proof is not furnished as required the entry will be 
canceled. During the pendency of a Government proceeding initiated by 
such notice the entry will be protected against a private contest 
charging failure to make the required expenditures, and such contest 
will neither defeat the claimant's right to equitably perfect the entry 
as to the matter of expenditures during the 60 days allowed in the 
notice nor secure to the contestant a preference right in event the 
entry be canceled for default under said notice.
    (e) Desert land entry in more than one district. When a desert-land 
entry embraces land in more than one district, the required annual 
proofs may be filed in either district, provided proper reference is 
made to the portion of the entry in the adjoining district, and the 
entryman must notify the authorized officer of the adjoining district by 
letter of the date when the annual proof is filed.
    (f) Extensions of time. (1) The law makes no provision for 
extensions of time in which to file annual proof becoming due subsequent 
to December 31, 1936, on desert-land entries not embraced within the 
exterior boundaries of any withdrawal or irrigation project under the 
Reclamation Act of June 17, 1902 (32 Stat. 388), and extensions for said 
purpose cannot therefore be granted. However, where a township is 
suspended from entry for the purpose of resurvey thereof the time 
between the date of suspension and the filing in the local office of the 
new plat of survey will be excluded from the period accorded by law for 
the reclamation of land under a desert entry within such township and 
the statutory life of the entry extended accordingly (40 L.D. 223). 
During the continuance of the extension the claimant may, at his option, 
defer the making of annual expenditures and proof thereof.
    (2) Extensions of time for making desert-land proofs were authorized 
by

[[Page 113]]

the Acts of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 274; 43 U.S.C. 256a), July 26, 1935 
(49 Stat. 504; 43 U.S.C. 256a), and June 16, 1937 (50 Stat. 303; 43 
U.S.C. 256a). Such acts affect only proofs becoming due on or before 
December 31, 1936. For that reason, the regulations which were issued 
thereunder have not been included in this chapter.
    (g) Submission of proof before due date. Nothing in the statutes or 
regulations should be construed to mean that the entryman must wait 
until the end of the year to submit his annual proof because the proof 
may be properly submitted as soon as the expenditures have been made. 
Proof sufficient for the 3 years may be offered whenever the amount of 
$3 an acre has been expended in reclaiming and improving the land, and 
thereafter annual proof will not be required.



Sec. 2521.6  Final proof.

    (a) General requirements. The entryman, his assigns, or, in case of 
death, his heirs or devisees, are allowed 4 years from date of the entry 
within which to comply with the requirements of the law as to 
reclamation and cultivation of the land and to submit final proof, but 
final proof may be made and patent thereon issued as soon as there has 
been expended the sum of $3 per acre in improving, reclaiming, and 
irrigating the land, and one-eighth of the entire area entered has been 
properly cultivated and irrigated, and when the requirements of the 
desert-land laws as to water rights and the construction of the 
necessary reservoirs, ditches, dams, etc., have been fully complied 
with.
    (1) Where the proof establishes that the entryman cannot effect 
timely compliance with the law, the entry must be canceled unless 
statutory authority permits the granting of an extension of time or 
other relief.
    (b) Notice of intention to make final proof. When an entryman has 
reclaimed the land and is ready to make final proof, he should apply to 
the authorizing officer for a notice of intention to make such proof. 
This notice must contain a complete description of the land, give the 
number of the entry and name of the claimant, and must bear an 
endorsement specifically indicating the source of his water supply. If 
the proof is made by an assignee, his name, as well as that of the 
original entryman, should be stated. It must also show when, where and 
before whom the proof is to be made. Four witnesses may be named in this 
notice, two of whom must be used in making proof. Care should be 
exercised to select as witnesses persons who are familiar, from personal 
observation, with the land in question, and with what has been done by 
the claimant toward reclaiming and improving it. Care should also be 
taken to ascertain definitely the names and addresses of the proposed 
witnesses, so that they may correctly appear in the notice.
    (c) Publication of final-proof notice. The authorizing officer will 
issue the usual notice for publication. This notice must be published 
once a week for five successive weeks in a newspaper of established 
character and general circulation published nearest the lands (see 38 
L.D. 131; 43 L.D. 216). The claimant must pay the cost of the 
publication but it is the duty of authorizing officers to procure the 
publication of proper final-proof notices. The date fixed for the taking 
of the proof must be at least 30 days after the date of first 
publication. Proof of publication must be made by the statement of the 
publisher of the newspaper or by someone authorized to act for him.
    (d) Submission of final proof. On the day set in the notice (or, in 
the case of accident or unavoidable delay, within 10 days thereafter), 
and at the place and before the officer designated, the claimant will 
appear with two of the witnesses named in the notice and make proof of 
the reclamation, cultivation, and improvement of the land. The testimony 
of each claimant should be taken separately and apart from and not 
within the hearing of either of his witnesses, and the testimony of each 
witness should be taken separately and apart from and not within the 
hearing of either the applicant or of any other witness, and both the 
applicant and each of the witnesses should be required to state, in and 
as a part of the final-proof testimony given by them, that they have 
given such testimony without any actual knowledge of any statement made 
in the testimony of either of the others. In every instance

[[Page 114]]

where, for any reason whatever, final proof is not submitted within the 
4 years prescribed by law, or within the period of an extension granted 
for submitting such proof, a statement should be filed by claimant, with 
the proof, explaining the cause of delay.

The final proof may be made before any officer authorized to administer 
oaths in public land cases, as explained in Sec. 1821.3-2 of this 
chapter.
    (e) Showing as to irrigation system. The final proof must show 
specifically the source and volume of the water supply and how it was 
acquired and how it is maintained. The number, length, and carrying 
capacity of all ditches, canals, conduits, and other means to conduct 
water to and on each of the legal subdivisions must also be shown. The 
claimant and the witnesses must each state in full all that has been 
done in the matter of reclamation and improvements of the land, and must 
answer fully, of their own personal knowledge, all of the questions 
contained in the final-proof blanks. They must state plainly whether at 
any time they saw the land effectually irrigated, and the different 
dates on which they saw it irrigated should be specifically stated.
    (f) Showing as to lands irrigated and reclaimed. While it is not 
required that all of the land shall have been actually irrigated at the 
time final proof is made, it is necessary that the one-eighth portion 
which is required to be cultivated shall also have been irrigated in a 
manner calculated to produce profitable results, considering the 
character of the land, the climate, and the kind of crops being grown. 
(Alonzo B. Cole, 38 L.D. 420.) The cultivation and irrigation of the 
one-eighth portion of the entire area entered may be had in a body on 
one legal subdivision or may be distributed over several subdivisions. 
The final proof must clearly show that all of the permanent main and 
lateral ditches, canals, conduits, and other means to conduct water 
necessary for the irrigation of all the irrigable land in the entry have 
been constructed so that water can be actually applied to the land as 
soon as it is ready for cultivation. If pumping be relied upon as the 
means of irrigation, the plant installed for that purpose must be of 
sufficient capacity to render available enough water for all the 
irrigable land. If there are any high points or any portions of the land 
which for any reason it is not practicable to irrigate, the nature, 
extent, and situation of such areas in each legal subdivision must be 
fully stated. If less than one-eighth of a smallest legal subdivision is 
practically susceptible of irrigation from claimant's source of water 
supply and no portion thereof is used as a necessary part of his 
irrigation scheme, such subdivision must be relinquished. (43 L.D. 269.)
    (g) Showing as to tillage of land. As a rule, actual tillage of one-
eighth of the land must be shown. It is not sufficient to show only that 
there has been a marked increase in the growth of grass or that grass 
sufficient to support stock has been produced on the land as a result of 
irrigation. If, however, on account of some peculiar climatic or soil 
conditions, no crops except grass can be successfully produced, or if 
actual tillage will destroy or injure the productive quality of the 
soil, the actual production of a crop of hay of merchantable value will 
be accepted as sufficient compliance with the requirements as to 
cultivation. (32 L.D. 456.) In such cases, however, the facts must be 
stated and the extent and value of the crop of hay must be shown, and, 
as before stated, that same was produced as a result of actual 
irrigation.
    (h) Showing as to water right. (1) In every case where the 
claimant's water right is founded upon contract or purchase the final 
proof must embrace evidence which clearly establishes the fact and legal 
sufficiency of that right. If claimant's ownership of such right has 
already been evidenced in connection with the original entry or some 
later proceeding, then the final proof must show his continued 
possession thereof. If the water right relied on is obtained under 
claimant's appropriation, the final proof, considered together with any 
evidence previously submitted in the matter, must show that the claimant 
has made such preliminary filings as are required by the laws of the 
State in which the land is located, and that he has also taken all other 
steps necessary under said laws to secure and perfect the claimed water

[[Page 115]]

right. In all cases the water right, however it be acquired, must 
entitle the claimant to the use of a sufficient supply of water to 
irrigate successfully all the irrigable land embraced in his entry, 
notwithstanding that the final proof need only show the actual 
irrigation of one-eighth of that area.
    (2) In those States where entrymen have made applications for water 
rights and have been granted permits but where no final adjudication of 
the water right can be secured from the State authorities owing to delay 
in the adjudication of the watercourses or other delay for which the 
entrymen are in no way responsible, proof that the entrymen have done 
all that is required of them by the laws of the State, together with 
proof of actual irrigation of one-eighth of the land embraced in their 
entries, may be accepted. This modification of the rule that the 
claimant must furnish evidence of an absolute water right will apply 
only in those States where under the local laws it is impossible for the 
entryman to secure final evidence of title to his water right within the 
time allowed him to submit final proof on his entry, and in such cases 
the best evidence obtainable must be furnished. (35 L.D. 305.)
    (3) It is a well-settled principle of law in all of the States in 
which the desert land acts are operative that actual application to a 
beneficial use of water appropriated from public streams measures the 
extent of the right to the water, and that failure to proceed with 
reasonable diligence to make such application to beneficial use within a 
reasonable time constitutes an abandonment of the right. (Wiel's Water 
Rights in the Western States, sec. 172.) The final proof, therefore, 
must show that the claimant has exercised such diligence as will, if 
continued, under the operation of this rule result in his definitely 
securing a perfect right to the use of sufficient water for the 
permanent irrigation and reclamation of all of the irrigable land in his 
entry. To this end the proof must at least show that water which is 
being diverted from its natural course and claimed for the specific 
purpose of irrigating the lands embraced in claimant's entry, under a 
legal right acquired by virtue of his own or his grantor's compliance 
with the requirements of the State laws governing the appropriation of 
public waters, has actually been conducted through claimant's main 
ditches to and upon the land; that one-eighth of the land embraced in 
the entry has been actually irrigated and cultivated; that water has 
been brought to such a point on the land as to readily demonstrate that 
the entire irrigable area may be irrigated from the system; and that 
claimant is prepared to distribute the water so claimed over all of the 
irrigable land in each smallest legal subdivision in quantity sufficient 
for practical irrigation as soon as the land shall have been cleared or 
otherwise prepared for cultivation. The nature of the work necessary to 
be performed in and for the preparation for cultivation of such part of 
the land as has not been irrigated should be carefully indicated, and it 
should be shown that the said work of preparation is being prosecuted 
with such diligence as will permit of beneficial application of 
appropriated water within a reasonable time.
    (4) Desert-land claimants should bear in mind that a water right and 
a water supply are not the same thing and that the two are not always or 
necessarily found together. Strictly speaking, a perfect and complete 
water right for irrigation purposes is confined to and limited by the 
area of land that has been irrigated with the water provided thereunder. 
Under the various State laws, however, an inchoate or incomplete right 
may be obtained which is capable of ripening into a perfect right if the 
water is applied to beneficial use with reasonable diligence. A person 
may have an apparent right of this kind for land which he has not 
irrigated, and which, moreover, he never can irrigate because of the 
lack of available water to satisfy his apparent right. Such an imperfect 
right, of course, cannot be viewed as meeting the requirements of the 
desert-land law which contemplates the eventual reclamation of all the 
irrigable land in the entry. Therefore, and with special reference to 
that portion of the irrigable land of an entry not required to be 
irrigated and cultivated before final proof, an incomplete (though real) 
water

[[Page 116]]

right will not be acceptable if its completion appears to be impossible 
because there is no actual supply of water available under the 
appropriation in question.
    (i) Showing where water supply is derived from irrigation project. 
(1) Where the water right claimed in any final proof is derived from an 
irrigation project it must be shown that the entryman owns such an 
interest therein as entitles him to receive from the irrigation works of 
the project a supply of water sufficient for the proper irrigation of 
the land embraced in his entry. Investigations by field examiners as to 
the resources and reliability, including particularly the source and 
volume of the water supply, of all irrigation companies associations, 
and districts through which desert-land entrymen seek to acquire water 
rights for the reclamation of their lands are made, and it is the 
purpose of the Bureau of Land Management to accept no annual or final 
proofs based upon such a water right until an investigation of the 
company in question has been made and report thereon approved. The 
information so acquired will be regarded as determining, at least 
tentatively, the amount of stock or interest which is necessary to give 
the entryman a right to a sufficient supply of water; but the entryman 
will be permitted to challenge the correctness of the report as to the 
facts alleged and the validity of its conclusions and to offer either 
with his final proof or subsequently such evidence as he can tending to 
support his contentions.
    (2) Entrymen applying to make final proof are required to state the 
source of their water supply, and if water is to be obtained from the 
works of an irrigation company, association, or district the authorizing 
officer will endorse the name and address of the project upon the copy 
of the notice to be forwarded to the State Director. If the report on 
the company has been acted upon by the Bureau of Land Management and the 
proof submitted by claimant does not show that he owns the amount of 
stock or interest in the company found necessary for the area of land to 
be reclaimed, the authorizing officer will suspend the proof, advise the 
claimant of the requirements made by the Bureau of Land Management in 
connection with the report, and allow him 30 days within which to comply 
therewith or to make an affirmative showing in duplicate and apply for a 
hearing. In default of any action by him within the specified time the 
authorizing officer will reject the proof, subject to the usual right of 
appeal.
    (j) Final-proof expiration notice. (1) Where final proof is not made 
within the period of 4 years, or within the period for which an 
extension of time has been granted, the claimant will be allowed 90 days 
in which to submit final proof. (44 L.D. 364.)
    (2) Should no action be taken within the time allowed, the entry 
will be canceled. The 90 days provided for in this section must not be 
construed as an extension of time or as relieving the claimant from the 
necessity of explaining why the proof was not made within the statutory 
period or within such extensions of that period as have been 
specifically granted.
    (k) Requirements where township is suspended for resurvey. No 
claimant will be required to submit final proof while the township 
embracing his entry is under suspension for the purpose of resurvey. (40 
L.D. 223.) This also applies to annual proof. In computing the time when 
final proof on an entry so affected will become due the period between 
the date of suspension and the filing in the local office of the new 
plat of survey will be excluded. However, if the claimant so elects, he 
may submit final proof on such entry notwithstanding the suspension of 
the township.



Sec. 2521.7  Amendments.

    (a) To enlarge area of desert-land entry. Amendment for the purpose 
of enlarging the area of a desert-land entry will be granted under and 
in the conditions and circumstances now to be stated.
    (1) In any case where it is satisfactorily disclosed that entry was 
not made to embrace the full area which might lawfully have been 
included therein because of existing appropriations of all contiguous 
lands then appearing to be susceptible of irrigation through and by 
means of entryman's water supply, or of all such lands which

[[Page 117]]

seemed to be worthy of the expenditure requisite for that purpose, said 
lands having since been released from such appropriations.
    (2) Where contiguous tracts have been omitted from entry because of 
entryman's belief, after a reasonably careful investigation, that they 
could not be reclaimed by means of the water supply available for use in 
that behalf, it having been subsequently discovered that reclamation 
thereof can be effectively accomplished by means of a changed plan or 
method of conserving or distributing such water supply.
    (3) Where, at the time of entry, the entryman announced, in his 
declaration, his purpose to procure the cancellation, through contest or 
relinquishment, of an entry embracing lands contiguous to those entered 
by him, and thereafter to seek amendment of his entry in such manner as 
to embrace all or some portion of the lands so discharged from entry.
    (b) Conditions governing amendments in exercise of equitable powers; 
amendments involving homestead and desert-land entries of adjoining 
lands. Applications for amendment presented pursuant to Sec. 1821.6-
5(a) of this chapter will not be granted, except where at least one 
legal subdivision of the lands originally entered is retained in the 
amended entry, and any such application must be submitted within 1 year 
next after discovery by the entryman of the existence of the conditions 
relied upon as entitling him to the relief he seeks, or within 1 year 
succeeding the date on which, by the exercise of reasonable diligence, 
the existence of such conditions might have been discovered: Provided, 
nevertheless, That where an applicant for amendment has made both 
homestead and desert land entries for contiguous lands, amendment may be 
granted whereby to transfer the desert-land entry, in its entirety, to 
the land covered by the homestead entry, and the homestead entry, in its 
entirety, to the land covered by the desert-land entry, or whereby to 
enlarge the desert-land entry in such manner as that it will include the 
whole or some portion of the lands embraced in the homestead entry, 
sufficient equitable reason for such enlargement being exhibited, and 
the area of the enlarged entry in no case exceeding 320 acres. 
Applications for such amendments may be made under Sec. Sec. 1821.6-1 
to 1821.6-5 of this chapter and on the prescribed form, in so far as the 
same are applicable. A supplemental statement should also be furnished, 
if necessary, to show the facts.
    (c) Evidence of water-right to accompany application to amend 
desert-land entry. Application to amend desert-land entries by the 
addition of a new and enlarged area or by transferring the entry to 
lands not originally selected for entry must be accompanied by evidence 
of applicant's right to the use of water sufficient for the adequate 
irrigation of said enlarged area or of the lands to which entry is to be 
transferred. Such evidence must be in the form prescribed by Sec. 
2521.2.



Sec. 2521.8  Contests.

    (a) Contests may be initiated by any person seeking to acquire title 
to or claiming an interest in the land involved against a party to any 
desert-land entry because of priority of claim or for any sufficient 
cause affecting the legality or validity of the claim not shown by the 
records of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (b) Successful contestants will be allowed a preference right of 
entry for 30 days after notice of the cancellation of the contested 
entry, in the same manner as in homestead cases, and the authorizing 
officer will give the same notice and is entitled to the same fee for 
notice as in other cases.



Sec. 2521.9  Relinquishments.

    A desert-land entry may be relinquished at any time by the party 
owning the same. Conditional relinquishments will not be accepted.



           Subpart 2522_Extensions of Time To Make Final Proof

    Source: 35 FR 9587, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2522.1  General acts authorizing extensions of time.

    (a) There are five general Acts of Congress which authorize the 
allowance, under certain conditions, of an extension of time for the 
submission of

[[Page 118]]

final proof by a desert-land claimant. Said Acts are the following: June 
27, 1906 (Sec. 5, 34 Stat. 520; 43 U.S.C. 448); March 28, 1908 (Sec. 3, 
35 Stat. 52; 43 U.S.C. 333); April 30, 1912 (37 Stat. 106; 43 U.S.C. 
334); March 4, 1915 (Sec. 5, 38 Stat. 1161; 43 U.S.C. 335); and February 
25, 1925 (43 Stat. 982; 43 U.S.C. 336). The Act of June 27, 1906, is 
applicable only to entries embraced within the exterior limits of some 
withdrawal or irrigation project under the Reclamation Act of June 17, 
1902 (32 Stat. 388).
    (b) In addition to the Acts cited in this section, extensions of 
time for making desert-land proofs were authorized by the Acts of June 
16, 1933 (48 Stat. 274; 43 U.S.C. 256a), July 26, 1935 (49 Stat. 504; 43 
U.S.C. 256a), and June 16, 1937 (50 Stat. 303; 43 U.S.C. 256a). Such 
Acts affect only proofs becoming due on or before December 31, 1936. For 
that reason, the regulations which were issued thereunder have not been 
included in this chapter.



Sec. 2522.2  Procedure on applications for extensions of time, where contest is pending.

    (a) A pending contest against a desert-land entry will not prevent 
the allowance of an application for extension of time, where the contest 
affidavit does not charge facts tending to overcome the prima facie 
showing of right to such extension (41 L.D. 603).
    (b) Consideration of an application for extension of time will not 
be deferred because of the pendency of a contest against the entry in 
question unless the contest charges be sufficient, if proven, to 
negative the right of the entryman to an extension of time for making 
final proof. If the contest charges be insufficient, the application for 
extension, where regular in all respects, will be allowed and the 
contest dismissed subject to the right of appeal, but without prejudice 
to the contestant's right to amend his charges.



Sec. 2522.3  Act of March 28, 1908.

    Under the provisions of the Act of March 28, 1908 (35 Stat. 52; 43 
U.S.C. 333), the period of 4 years may be extended, in the discretion of 
the authorized officer, for an additional period not exceeding 3 years, 
if, by reason of some unavoidable delay in the construction of the 
irrigating works intended to convey water to the land, the entryman is 
unable to make proof of reclamation and cultivation required within the 
4 years. This does not mean that the period within which proof may be 
made will be extended as a matter of course for 3 years. Applications 
for extension under said act will not be granted unless it be clearly 
shown that the failure to reclaim and cultivate the land within the 
regular period of 4 years was due to no fault on the part of the 
entryman but to some unavoidable delay in the construction of the 
irrigation works for which he was not responsible and could not have 
readily foreseen (37 L.D. 332). It must also appear that he has complied 
with the law as to annual expenditures and proof thereof.



Sec. 2522.4  Act of April 30, 1912.

    (a) Under the provisions of the Act of April 30, 1912 (37 Stat. 106; 
43 U.S.C. 334), a further extension of time may be granted for 
submitting final proof, not exceeding 3 years, where it is shown that, 
because of some unavoidable delay in the construction of irrigation 
works intended to convey water to the land embraced in his entry, the 
claimant is, without fault on his part, unable to make proof of the 
reclamation and cultivation of said lands within the time limited 
therefor, but such further extension cannot be granted for a period of 
more than 3 years nor affect contests initiated for a valid existing 
reason.
    (b) An entryman who has complied with the law as to annual 
expenditures and proof thereof and who desires to make application for 
extension of time under the provisions of the Act of March 28, 1908, 
should file with the authorizing officer a statement setting forth fully 
the facts, showing how and why he has been prevented from making final 
proof of reclamation and cultivation within the regular period. This 
statement must be corroborated by two witnesses who have personal 
knowledge of the facts.



Sec. 2522.5  Act of February 25, 1925.

    Applications for further extension of time under the Act of April 
30, 1912,

[[Page 119]]

and February 25, 1925 (43 Stat. 982; 43 U.S.C. 336), may be made in the 
same manner, and the same procedure will be followed with respect to 
such applications as under the Act of March 28, 1908, and the Act of 
March 4, 1915 (38 Stat. 1161; 43 U.S.C. 335), as amended.



Sec. 2522.6  Service fees.

    All applications for extension of time made under the Acts of March 
28, 1908, April 30, 1912, or February 25, 1925, must be accompanied by 
an application service fee of $10 which will not be returnable.



                          Subpart 2523_Payments



Sec. 2523.1  Collection of purchase money and fees; issuance of final certificate.

    (a) At the time of making final proof the claimant must pay to the 
authorizing officer the sum of $1 per acre for each acre of land upon 
which proof is made. This, together with the 25 cents per acre paid at 
the time of making the original entry, will amount to $1.25 per acre, 
which is the price to be paid for all lands entered under the desert 
land law.
    (b) If the entryman is dead and proof is made by anyone for the 
heirs, no will being suggested in the record, the final certificate 
should issue to the heirs generally, without naming them; if by anyone 
for the heirs or devisees, final certificate should issue in like manner 
to the heirs or devisees.
    (c) When final proof is made on an entry made prior to the Act of 
March 28, 1908 (35 Stat. 52; 43 U.S.C. 324, 326, 333), for unsurveyed 
land, if the land is still unsurveyed and such proof is satisfactory, 
the authorizing officer will approve same without collecting the final 
payment of $1 an acre and without issuing final certificate. Fees for 
reducing the final-proof testimony to writing should be collected and 
receipt issued therefor if the proof is taken before the authorizing 
officer. As soon as the plat or plats of any township or townships 
previously unsurveyed are filed in the proper office the authorizing 
office will examine his records for the purpose of determining, if 
possible, whether or not, prior to the passage of the Act of March 28, 
1908, any desert-land entry of unsurveyed land was allowed in the 
locality covered by the said plats; and if any such entries are found 
intact, he will call upon the claimants thereof to file a statement of 
adjustment, corroborated by two witnesses, giving the correct 
description, in accordance with the survey of the lands embraced in 
their respective entries.
    (d) If the final proof has been made upon any desert-land entry so 
adjusted and the records show that such proof has been found 
satisfactory and no conflicts or other objections are apparent, the 
manager will allow claimant 60 days within which to make final payment 
for the land.

[35 FR 9588, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2523.2  Amounts to be paid.

    No fees or commissions are required of persons making entry under 
the desert land laws except such fees as are paid to the officers for 
taking the affidavits and proofs. Unless the entry be perfected under 
the Act of February 14, 1934 (48 Stat. 349; 43 U.S.C. 339), the only 
payments made to the Government are the original payment of 25 cents an 
acre at the time of making the application and the final payment of $1 
an acre, to be paid at the time of making the final proof. On all final 
proofs made before the authorizing officer, the claimant must pay to the 
authorizing officer the costs of reducing the testimony to writing, as 
determined by the authorizing officer. No proof shall be accepted or 
approved until all charges have been paid.

[35 FR 9588, June 13, 1970]



      Subpart 2524_Desert-Land Entries Within a Reclamation Project

    Authority: Sec. 10, 32 Stat. 390; as amended; 43 U.S.C. 373.

    Source: 35 FR 9588, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2524.1  Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws.

    (a) By section 5 of the Act of June 27, 1906 (34 Stat. 520, 43 
U.S.C. 448), it is provided that any desert-land

[[Page 120]]

entryman who has been or may be directly or indirectly hindered or 
prevented from making improvements on or from reclaiming the lands 
embraced in his entry, by reason of the fact that such lands have been 
embraced within the exterior limits of any withdrawal under the 
Reclamation Act of June 17, 1902 (32 Stat. 388; 43 U.S.C. 372 et seq.) 
will be excused during the continuance of such hindrance from complying 
with the provisions of the desert-land laws.
    (b) Persons excused from compliance with the desert-land laws. 
Section 5 of the Act of June 27, 1906, applies only to persons who have 
been, directly or indirectly, delayed or prevented, by the creation of 
any reclamation project, or by any withdrawal of public lands under the 
reclamation law, from improving or reclaiming the lands covered by their 
entries.
    (c) Statement required to warrant excuse. No entryman will be 
excused under this act from a compliance with all of the requirements of 
the desert-land law until he has filed in the proper office for the 
district in which his lands are situated a statement showing in detail 
all of the facts upon which he claims the right to be excused. This 
statement must show when the hindrance began, the nature, character, and 
extent of the same, and it must be corroborated by two disinterested 
persons, who can testify from their own personal knowledge.



Sec. 2524.2  Annual proof.

    (a) Extension of time. Inasmuch as entrymen are allowed 1 year after 
entry in which to submit the first annual proof of expenditures for the 
purpose of improving and reclaiming the land entered by them, the 
privileges of the Act of June 27, 1906, are not necessary in connection 
with annual proofs until the expiration of the years in which such 
proofs are due. Therefore, if at the time that annual proof is due it 
can not be made, on account of hindrance or delay occasioned by a 
withdrawal of the land for the purpose indicated in the act, the 
applicant will file his statement explaining the delay. As a rule, 
however, annual proofs may be made, notwithstanding the withdrawal of 
the land, because expenditures for various kinds of improvements are 
allowed as satisfactory annual proofs. Therefore an extension of time 
for making annual proof will not be granted unless it is made clearly to 
appear that the entryman has been delayed or prevented by the withdrawal 
from making the required improvements; and, unless he has been so 
hindered or prevented from making the required improvements, no 
application for extension of time for making final proof will be granted 
until after all the yearly proofs have been made.
    (b) When application for extension of time should be filed. An 
entryman will not need to invoke the privileges of the Act of June 27, 
1906, in connection with final proof until such final proof is due, and 
if at that time he is unable to make the final proof of reclamation and 
cultivation, as required by law, and such inability is due, directly or 
indirectly, to the withdrawal of the land on account of a reclamation 
project, the statement explaining the hindrance and delay should be 
filed in order that the entryman may be excused for such failure.



Sec. 2524.3  Time extended to make final proof.

    When the time for submitting final proof has arrived and the 
entryman is unable, by reason of the withdrawal of the land, to make 
such proof, upon proper showing, he will be excused and the time during 
which it is shown that he has been hindered or delayed on account of the 
withdrawal of the land will not be computed in determining the time 
within which final proof must be made.



Sec. 2524.4  Beginning of period for compliance with the law.

    If, after investigation the irrigation project has been or may be 
abandoned by the Government, the time for compliance with the law by the 
entryman shall begin to run from the date of notice of such abandonment 
of the project and of the restoration to the public domain of the lands 
which had been withdrawn in connection with the project. If, however, 
the reclamation project is carried to completion by the Government and a 
water supply has been made available for the land embraced in such 
desert-land entry, the

[[Page 121]]

entryman must, if he depends on the Government's project for his water 
supply, comply with all provisions of the reclamation law, and must 
under the Act of June 6, 1930 (46 Stat. 502; 43 U.S.C. 448), relinquish 
or assign in not less than 2 years after notice all the land embraced in 
his entry in excess of one farm unit, and upon making final proof and 
complying with the regulations of the Department applicable to the 
remainder of the irrigable land of the project and with the terms of 
payment prescribed in the reclamation law, he shall be entitled to 
patent as to such retained farm unit, and final water-right certificate 
containing lien as provided for by the Act of August 9, 1912 (37 Stat. 
265; 43 U.S.C. 541-546), Act of August 26, 1912 (37 Stat. 610; 43 U.S.C. 
547), and the Act of February 15, 1917 (39 Stat. 920; 43 U.S.C. 541), or 
to patent without a lien if provision therefor shall have been made as 
provided for by the Act of May 15, 1922 (42 Stat. 541; 43 U.S.C. 511-
513).



Sec. 2524.5  Assignment of desert-land entries in whole or in part.

    (a) Act of July 24, 1912. Under the Act of July 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 
200; 43 U.S.C. 449), desert-land entries covering lands within the 
exterior limits of a Government reclamation project may be assigned in 
whole or in part, even though water-right application has been filed for 
the land in connection with the Government reclamation project, or 
application for an extension of time in which to submit proof on the 
entry has been submitted, under the Act of June 27, 1906 (34 Stat. 520; 
43 U.S.C. 448), as amended by the Act of June 6, 1930 (46 Stat. 502; 43 
U.S.C. 448), requiring reduction of the area of the entry to one farm 
unit.
    (b) Amendment of farm-unit plat after partial assignment. Where it 
is desired to assign part of a desert-land entry which has been 
designated as a farm unit, application for the amendment of the farm-
unit plat should be filed with the official in charge of the project, as 
in the case of assignments of homestead entries. (See Sec. 2515.5 
(a)(3) to (5).) The same disposition of amendatory diagrams will be made 
and the same procedure followed as provided for assignments of homestead 
entries.



Sec. 2524.6  Desert-land entryman may proceed independently of Government irrigation.

    Special attention is called to the fact that nothing contained in 
the Act of June 27, 1906 (34 Stat. 520; 43 U.S.C. 448), shall be 
construed to mean that a desert-land entryman who owns a water right and 
reclaims the land embraced in his entry must accept the conditions of 
the reclamation law, but he may proceed independently of the 
Government's plan of irrigation and acquire title to the land embraced 
in his desert-land entry by means of his own system of irrigation.



Sec. 2524.7  Disposal of lands in excess of 160 acres.

    Desert-land entrymen within exterior boundaries of a reclamation 
project who expect to secure water from the Government must relinquish 
or assign all of the lands embraced in their entries in excess of one 
farm unit in not less than 2 years after notice through the land office, 
must reclaim one-half of the irrigable area covered by their water right 
in the same manner as private owners of land irrigated under a 
reclamation project, and also comply with the regulations of the 
Department applicable to the remainder of the irrigable land of the 
project.



Sec. 2524.8  Cancellation of entries for nonpayment of water-right charges.

    All homestead and desert-land entrymen holding land under the 
reclamation law must, in addition to paying the water-right charges, 
reclaim the land as required by the reclamation law. Homestead entrymen 
must reside upon, cultivate, and improve the lands embraced in their 
entries for not less than the period required by the homestead laws. 
Desert-land entrymen must comply with the provisions of the desert-land 
laws as amended by the reclamation law. Failure to make payment of any 
water-right charges due for more than 1 year, will render the entry 
subject to cancellation and the money paid subject to forfeiture, 
whether water-tight application has been made or not.

[[Page 122]]



PART 2530_INDIAN ALLOTMENTS--Table of Contents




                 Subpart 2530_Indian Allotments: General

Sec.
2530.0-3 Authority.
2530.0-7 Cross reference.
2530.0-8 Land subject to allotment.

                  Subpart 2531_Applications, Generally

2531.1 Qualifications of applicants.
2531.2 Petition and applications.
2531.3 Effect of application.

                         Subpart 2532_Allotments

2532.1 Certificate of allotment.
2532.2 Trust patent.

             Subpart 2533_Allotments Within National Forests

2533.0-3 Authority.
2533.0-8 Land subject to allotment.
2533.1 Application.
2533.2 Approval.



                 Subpart 2530_Indian Allotments: General

    Authority: R.S. 2478, 34 Stat. 197; 43 U.S.C. 1201, 48 U.S.C. 357.



Sec. 2530.0-3  Authority.

    (a) General Allotment Act of February 8, 1887. Section 4 of the 
General Allotment Act of February 8, 1887 (24 Stat. 389; 25 U.S.C. 334), 
as amended by the Act of February 28, 1891 (26 Stat. 794), and section 
17 of the Act of June 25, 1910 (36 Stat. 859; 25 U.S.C. 336), provides 
that where any Indian entitled to allotment under existing laws shall 
make settlement upon any surveyed or unsurveyed lands of the United 
States not otherwise appropriated, he or she shall be entitled, upon 
application to the proper office for the district in which the lands are 
located, to have the same allotted to him or her and to his or her 
children in manner as provided by law for allotments to Indians residing 
upon reservations, and that such allotments to Indians on the public 
domain shall not exceed 40 acres of irrigable land, or 80 acres of 
nonirrigable agricultural land or 160 acres of nonirrigable grazing land 
to any one Indian.
    (b) Act of March 1, 1933. The Act of March 1, 1933 (47 Stat. 1418; 
43 U.S.C. 190a) provides that no further allotments of lands to Indians 
on the public domain shall be made in San Juan County, Utah.
    (c) Executive Orders 6910 and 6964, Taylor Grazing Act of June 28, 
1934. Public land withdrawn by Executive Orders 6910 and 6964 of 
November 26, 1934, and February 5, 1935, respectively, and land within 
grazing districts established under section 1 of the Taylor Grazing Act 
of June 28, 1934 (43 U.S.C. 315), is not subject to settlement under 
section 4 of the General Allotment Act of February 8, 1887, as amended, 
until such settlement has been authorized by classification. See parts 
2410, 2420, and 2430 of this chapter.

[35 FR 9589, June 13, 1970, as amended at 37 FR 23184, Oct. 31, 1972]



Sec. 2530.0-7  Cross reference.

    For native allotments in Alaska see subpart 2561 of this chapter.

[35 FR 9589, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2530.0-8  Land subject to allotment.

    (a) General. (1) The law provides that allotments may include not to 
exceed 40 acres of irrigable land, 80 acres of nonirrigable agricultural 
land, or 160 acres of nonirrigable grazing land.
    (2) Irrigable lands are those susceptible of successful irrigation 
at a reasonable cost from any known source of water supply; nonirrigable 
agricultural lands are those upon which agricultural crops can be 
profitably raised without irrigation; grazing lands are those which can 
not be profitably devoted to any agricultural use other than grazing.
    (3) An allotment may be allowed for coal and oil and gas lands, with 
reservation of the mineral contents to the United States.

[35 FR 9589, June 13, 1970]



                  Subpart 2531_Applications, Generally



Sec. 2531.1  Qualifications of applicants.

    (a) General. An applicant for allotment under the fourth section of 
the Act of February 8, 1887, as amended, is required to show that he is 
a recognized member of an Indian tribe or is

[[Page 123]]

entitled to be so recognized. Such qualifications may be shown by the 
laws and usages of the tribe. The mere fact, however, that an Indian is 
a descendant of one whose name was at one time borne upon the rolls and 
who was recognized as a member of the tribe does not of itself make such 
Indian a member of the tribe. The possession of Indian blood, not 
accompanied by tribal affiliation or relationship, does not entitle a 
person to an allotment on the public domain. Tribal membership, even 
though once existing and recognized, may be abandoned in respect to the 
benefits of the fourth section.
    (b) Certificate that applicant is Indian and eligible for allotment. 
Any person desiring to file application for an allotment of land on the 
public domain under this act must first obtain from the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs a certificate showing that he or she is an Indian and 
eligible for such allotment, which certificate must be attached to the 
allotment application. Application for the certificate must be made on 
the proper form, and must contain information as to the applicant's 
identity, such as thumb print, age, sex, height, approximate weight, 
married or single, name of the Indian tribe in which membership is 
claimed, etc., sufficient to establish his or her identity with that of 
the applicant for allotment. Each certificate must bear a serial number, 
record thereof to be kept in the Indian Office. The required forms may 
be obtained as stated in Sec. 2531.2(b).
    (c) Heirs of Indian settlers and applicants. (1) Allotments are 
allowable only to living persons or those in being at the date of 
application. Where an Indian dies after settlement and filing of 
application, but prior to approval, the allotment will upon final 
approval be confirmed to the heirs of the deceased allottee.
    (2) In disposing of pending applications in which the death of the 
applicant has been reported, the heirs of an applicant who was otherwise 
qualified at the date of application should be notified that they will 
be allowed 90 days from receipt of notice within which to submit proof 
that the applicant personally settled on the land applied for during his 
or her lifetime, and while the land was open to settlement, and upon 
failure to submit such proof within the time allowed the application 
will be finally rejected.
    (3) When it is sufficiently shown that an applicant was at the time 
of death occupying in good faith the land settled on, patent will be 
issued to his or her heirs without further use or occupancy on the part 
of such heirs being shown.
    (d) Minor children. An Indian settler on public lands under the 
fourth section of the Act of February 8, 1887, as amended, is also 
eligible upon application for allotments made thereunder to his minor 
children, stepchildren, or other children to whom he stands in loco 
parentis, provided the natural children are in being at the date of the 
parent's application, or the other relationship referred to exist at 
such date. The law only permits one eligible himself under the fourth 
section to take allotments thereunder on behalf of his minor children or 
of those to whom he stands in loco parentis. Orphan children (those who 
have lost both parents) are not eligible for allotments on the public 
domain unless they come within the last-mentioned class. No actual 
settlement is required in case of allotments to minor children under the 
fourth section, but the actual settlement of the parent or of a person 
standing in loco parentis on his own public-land allotment will be 
regarded as the settlement of the minor children.
    (e) Indian wives. (1) Where an Indian woman is married to non-Indian 
not eligible for an allotment under the fourth section of the Act of 
February 8, 1887, as amended, and not a settler or entryman under the 
general homestead law, her right, and that of the minor children born of 
such marriage, to allotments on the public domain will be determined 
without reference to the quantum of Indian blood possessed by such women 
and her children but solely with reference as to whether they are 
recognized members of an Indian tribe or are entitled to such 
membership.
    (2) An Indian woman married to an Indian man who has himself 
received an allotment on the public domain or is entitled to one, or has 
earned the equitable right to patent on any form of homestead or small 
holding claim, is

[[Page 124]]

not thereby deprived of the right to file an application for herself, 
provided she is otherwise eligible, and also for her minor children 
where her husband is for any reason disqualified.
    (3) An Indian woman who is separated from her husband who has not 
received an allotment under the fourth section will be regarded as the 
head of a family and may file applications for herself and for the minor 
children under her care.
    (4) In every case where an Indian woman files applications for her 
minor children it must appear that she has not only applied for herself 
under the fourth section but has used the land in her own application in 
some beneficial manner.
    (f) Citizenship. (1) Under section 6 of the Act of February 8, 1887 
(24 Stat. 390; 25 U.S.C. 349), every Indian born within the territorial 
limits of the United States, to whom allotments were made under that 
Act, and every Indian who voluntarily takes up his residence separate 
and apart from any tribe of Indians and adopts the habits of civilized 
life is declared to be a citizen of the United States.
    (2) The Act of May 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 182; 8 U.S.C. 3), changed the 
time when an Indian became a citizen by virtue of the allotment made to 
him to the time when patent in fee should be issued on such an 
allotment.
    (3) The Act of June 2, 1924 (43 Stat. 253, 8 U.S.C. 3), conferred 
citizenship on all noncitizen Indians born within the Territorial limits 
of the United States, but expressly reserved to them all rights to 
tribal or other property. These rights include that of allotment on the 
public land, if qualified.

[35 FR 9589, June 13, 1970, as amended at 37 FR 23185, Oct. 31, 1972]



Sec. 2531.2  Petition and applications.

    (a) Any person desiring to receive an Indian allotment (other than 
those seeking allotments in national forests, for which see subpart 2533 
of this part) must file with the authorized officer, an application, 
together with a petition on forms approved by the Director, properly 
executed, together with a certificate from the authorized officer of the 
Bureau of Indian Affairs that the person is Indian and eligible for 
allotment, as specified in Sec. 2531.1(b). However, if the lands 
described in the application have been already classified and opened for 
disposition under the provisions of this part, no petition is required. 
The documents must be filed in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 
1821.2 of this chapter.

The petition and the statement attached to the application for 
certificate must be signed by the applicant.
    (b) Blank forms for petitions and applications may be had from any 
office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, or from land offices of the 
Bureau of Land Management.

[35 FR 9590, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2531.3  Effect of application.

    (a) Where an allotment application under the fourth section of the 
Act of February 8, 1887, as amended, 25 U.S.C. 334 (is not accompanied 
by the requisite certificate from the Bureau of Indian Affairs showing 
the applicant to be eligible for an allotment, and the applicant is 
given time to furnish such certificate, the application does not 
segregate the land, and other applications therefor may be received and 
held to await final action on the allotment application.
    (b) Where an allotment application is approved by the authorized 
officer, it operates as a segregation of the land, and subsequent 
application for the same land will be rejected.

[37 FR 23185, Oct. 31, 1972]



                         Subpart 2532_Allotments



Sec. 2532.1  Certificate of allotment.

    (a) When the authorizing officer approves an application for 
allotment, he will issue to the applicant a certificate of allotment, on 
a prescribed form, showing the name in full of the applicant, post 
office address, name of the tribe in which membership is claimed, serial 
number of the certificate issued by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 
and a description of the land allotted.
    (b) Where the application under investigation is that of a single 
person over 21 years of age, or of the head of a family, report will 
also be made as to

[[Page 125]]

the character of the applicant's settlement and improvements. A similar 
report will be made on applications filed in behalf of minor children as 
to the character of the settlement and improvements made by the parent, 
or the person standing in loco parentis, on his or her own allotment 
under the fourth section.

[35 FR 9591, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2532.2  Trust patent.

    (a) To enable an Indian allottee to demonstrate his good faith and 
intention, the issuance of trust patent will be suspended for a period 
of 2 years from date of settlement; but in those cases where that period 
has already elapsed at the time of adjudicating the allotment 
application, and when the evidence either by the record or upon further 
investigation in the field, shows the allottee's good faith and 
intention in the matter of his settlement, trust patents will issue in 
regular course. Trust patents in the suspended class, when issued will 
run from the date of suspension.
    (b) In the matter of fourth-section applications filed prior to the 
regulations in this part, where, by the record or upon further 
investigation in the field, it appears that such settlement has not been 
made as is contemplated by the regulations, such applications will not 
be immediately rejected, but the applicant will be informed that 2 years 
will be allowed within which to perfect his settlement and to furnish 
proof thereof, whereupon his application will be adjudicated as in other 
cases.

[35 FR 9591, June 13, 1970]



             Subpart 2533_Allotments Within National Forests

    Source: 35 FR 9591, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2533.0-3  Authority.

    By the terms of section 31 of the Act of June 25, 1910 (36 Stat. 
863; 25 U.S.C. 337), allotments under the fourth section of the Act of 
February 8, 1887, as amended, may be made within national forests.



Sec. 2533.0-8  Land subject to allotment.

    An allotment under this section may be made for lands containing 
coal and oil and gas with reservation of the mineral contents to the 
United States, but not for lands valuable for metalliferous minerals. 
The rules governing the conduct of fourth-section applications under the 
Act of February 8, 1887 as amended, apply equally to applications under 
said section 31.



Sec. 2533.1  Application.

    An Indian who desires to apply for an allotment within a national 
forest under this act must submit the application to the supervisor of 
the particular forest affected, by whom it will be forwarded with 
appropriate report, through the district forester and Chief, Forest 
Service, to the Secretary of Agriculture, in order that he may determine 
whether the land applied for is more valuable for agriculture or grazing 
than for the timber found thereon.



Sec. 2533.2  Approval.

    (a) Should the Secretary of Agriculture decide that the land applied 
for, or any part of it, is chiefly valuable for the timber found 
thereon, he will transmit the application to the Secretary of the 
Interior and inform him of his decision in the matter. The Secretary of 
the Interior will cause the applicant to be informed of the action of 
the Secretary of Agriculture.
    (b) In case the land is found to be chiefly valuable for agriculture 
or grazing, the Secretary of Agriculture will note that fact on the 
application and forward it to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
    (c) If the Commissioner of Indian Affairs approves the application, 
he will transmit it to the Bureau of Land Management for issuance of a 
trust patent.

[35 FR 9591, June 13, 1970, as amended at 41 FR 29122, July 15, 1976]



PART 2540_COLOR-OF-TITLE AND OMITTED LANDS--Table of Contents




         Subpart 2540_Color-of-Title: Authority and Definitions

Sec.
2540.0-3 Authority.
2540.0-5 Definition.

[[Page 126]]

                     Subpart 2541_Color-of-Title Act

2541.1 Who may apply.
2541.2 Procedures.
2541.3 Patents.
2541.4 Price of land; payment.
2541.5 Publication; protests.

Subpart 2542_Color-of-Title Claims: New Mexico, Contiguous to Spanish or 
                             Mexican Grants

2542.1 Application.
2542.2 Evidence required.
2542.3 Publication and posting of notice.
2542.4 Patent.

           Subpart 2543_Erroneously Meandered Lands: Arkansas

2543.1 Applications.
2543.2 Appraisal of land.
2543.3 Purchase price required.
2543.4 Publication and posting.
2543.5 Patent.

           Subpart 2544_Erroneously Meandered Lands: Louisiana

2544.1 Applications.
2544.2 Appraisal of land.
2544.3 Notice to deposit purchase price.
2544.4 Publication and posting.
2544.5 Patent.

           Subpart 2545_Erroneously Meandered Lands: Wisconsin

2545.1 Qualifications of applicants.
2545.2 Applications.
2545.3 Publication and protests.
2545.4 Price of land; other conditions.

             Subpart 2546_Snake River, Idaho: Omitted Lands

2546.1 Offers of lands for sale.
2546.2 Applications for purchase.
2546.3 Payment and publication.
2546.4 Public auctions.

                   Subpart 2547_Omitted Lands: General

2547.1 Qualifications of applicants.
2547.2 Procedures; applications.
2547.3 Price of land; payment.
2547.4 Publication and protests.
2547.5 Disposal considerations.
2547.6 Lands not subject to disposal under this subpart.
2547.7 Coordination with State and local governments.



         Subpart 2540_Color-of-Title: Authority and Definitions



Sec. 2540.0-3  Authority.

    (a) Act of December 22, 1928. The Act of December 22, 1928 (45 Stat. 
1069), as amended by the Act of July 28, 1953 (67 Stat. 227; 43 U.S.C. 
1068, 1068a), authorizes the issuance of patent for not to exceed 160 
acres of public lands held under claim or color of title of either of 
the two classes described in Sec. 2540.0-5(b) upon payment of the sale 
price of the land.
    (b) Act of February 23, 1932. The Act of February 23, 1932 (47 Stat. 
53; 43 U.S.C. 178), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior in his 
discretion to issue patents, upon the payment of $1.25 per acre, for not 
more than 160 acres of public land, where such land is contiguous to a 
Spanish or Mexican land grant, and where such land has been held in good 
faith and in peaceful, adverse possession by a citizen of the United 
States, his ancestors or grantors, for more than 20 years under claim or 
color of title and where valuable improvements have been placed on such 
land, or some part thereof has been reduced to cultivation. The act 
further provides that where the land is in excess of 160 acres, the 
Secretary may determine the 160 acres to be patented under the Act. 
Under the said act the coal and all other minerals in the land are 
reserved to the United States and shall be subject to sale or disposal 
under applicable leasing and mineral land laws of the United States.
    (c) Act of September 21, 1922. The Act of September 21, 1922 (42 
Stat. 992; 43 U.S.C. 992), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior in 
his judgment and discretion to sell at an appraised price, any of those 
public lands situated in Arkansas, which were originally erroneously 
meandered and shown upon the official plats as water-covered areas, and 
which are not lawfully appropriated by a qualified settler or entryman 
claiming under the public land laws, to any citizen who in good faith 
under color of title or claiming as a riparian owner, has prior to 
September 21, 1922, placed valuable improvements on such land or reduced 
some part thereof to cultivation.

[[Page 127]]

    (d) Act of February 19, 1925. The Act of February 19, 1925 (43 Stat. 
951; 43 U.S.C. 993), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior in his 
judgment and discretion to sell at an appraised price, any of those 
public lands situated in Louisiana, which were originally erroneously 
meandered and shown upon the official plats as water-covered areas and 
which are not lawfully appropriated by a qualified settler or entryman 
claiming under the public land laws, to any citizen who or whose 
ancestors in title in good faith under color of title or claiming as a 
riparian owner, has prior to February 19, 1925, placed valuable 
improvements upon or reduced to cultivation any of such lands. The coal, 
oil, gas, and other minerals in such lands are reserved to the United 
States.
    (e) Act of August 24, 1954. The Act of August 24, 1954 (68 Stat. 
789), directs the Secretary of the Interior to issue patents for public 
lands which lie between the meander line of an inland lake or river in 
Wisconsin as originally surveyed and the meander line of that lake or 
river as subsequently resurveyed, under certain terms and conditions. 
The Act of February 27, 1925 (43 Stat. 1013 43 U.S.C. 994), authorized 
the Secretary of the Interior to sell such public lands under certain 
other terms and conditions. These Acts are cited as the Act of 1954 and 
the Act of 1925, respectively, in Sec. Sec. 2545.1 to 2545.4.
    (f) Act of May 31, 1962. (1) The Act of May 31, 1962 (76 Stat. 89), 
hereafter referred to as the Act, authorizes the Secretary of the 
Interior, in his discretion, to sell at not less than their fair market 
value any of those lands in the State of Idaho, in the vicinity of the 
Snake River or any of its tributaries, which have been, or may be, found 
upon survey to be omitted public lands of the United States, and which 
are not within the boundaries of a national forest or other Federal 
reservation and are not lawfully appropriated by a qualified settler or 
entryman claiming under the public land laws, or are not used and 
occupied by Indians claiming by reason of aboriginal rights or are not 
used and occupied by Indians who are eligible for an allotment under the 
laws pertaining to allotments on the public domain.
    (2) The Act provides that in all patents issued under the Act, The 
Secretary of the Interior (i) shall include a reservation to the United 
States of all the coal, oil, gas, oil shale, phosphate, potash, sodium, 
native asphalt, solid and semisolid bitumen, and bitumen rock (including 
oil-impregnated rock or sands from which oil is recoverable only by 
special treatment after the deposit is mined or quarried), together with 
the right to prospect for, mine, and remove the same; and (ii) may 
reserve the right of access to the public through the lands and such 
other reservations as he may deem appropriate and consonant with the 
public interest in preserving public recreational values in the lands.
    (3) The Act further provides that the Secretary of the Interior 
shall determine the fair market value of the lands by appraisal, taking 
into consideration any reservations specified pursuant to paragraph 
(f)(2) of this section and excluding, when sales are made to preference-
right claimants under section 2 of the Act, any increased values 
resulting from the development or improvement thereof for agricultural 
or other purposes by the claimant or his predecessors in interest.
    (4) The Act grants a preference right to purchase lands which are 
offered by the Secretary of the Interior for sale under the Act to any 
citizen of the United States (which term includes corporations, 
partnerships, firms, and other legal entities having authority to hold 
title to lands in the State of Idaho) who, in good faith under color of 
title or claiming as a riparian owner has, prior to March 30, 1961, 
placed valuable improvements upon, reduced to cultivation or occupied 
any of the lands so offered for sale, or whose ancestors or predecessors 
in title have taken such action.
    (g) The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.
    (1) Section 211 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1721), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior in his 
discretion to sell at not less than fair market value to the occupant 
thereof any omitted lands which, after survey, are found to have been 
occupied and developed for a 5-year period prior to January 1, 1975.

[[Page 128]]

    (2) The Act provides that all such conveyances under the Act must be 
in the public interest and will serve objectives which outweigh all 
public objectives and values served by retaining such lands in Federal 
ownership.
    (3) Section 208 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1718) further provides that 
the Secretary of the Interior shall issue patents subject to such terms, 
convenants, conditions, and reservations as deemed necessary to insure 
proper land use and protection of the public interest.
    (4) Section 209 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 1719) provides that all 
patents issued under the Act shall reserve to the United States all 
minerals in the lands, together with the right to prospect for, mine, 
and remove the minerals under applicable law and such regulations as the 
Secretary may prescribe, except as provided by section 209(b) of the 
Act.

[35 FR 9591, June 13, 1970, as amended at 44 FR 41793, July 18, 1979]



Sec. 2540.0-5  Definition.

    (a) The act, when used in this section means the Act of December 22, 
1928 (45 Stat. 1069; 43 U.S.C. 1068, 1068a), as amended by the Act of 
July 28, 1953 (67 Stat. 227, 43 U.S.C. 1068a).
    (b) The claims recognized by the Act will be referred to in this 
part as claims of class 1, and claim of class 2. A claim of class 1 is 
one which has been held in good faith and in peaceful adverse possession 
by a claimant, his ancestors or grantors, under claim or color of title 
for more than 20 years, on which valuable improvements have been placed, 
or on which some part of the land has been reduced to cultivation. A 
claim of class 2 is one which has been held in good faith and in 
peaceful, adverse possession by a claimant, his ancestors or grantors, 
under claim or color of title for the period commencing not later than 
January 1, 1901, to the date of application, during which time they have 
paid taxes levied on the land by State and local governmental units. A 
claim is not held in good faith where held with knowledge that the land 
is owned by the United States. A claim is not held in peaceful, adverse 
possession where it was initiated while the land was withdrawn or 
reserved for Federal purposes.

[35 FR 9592, June 13, 1970]



                     Subpart 2541_Color-of-Title Act

    Source: 35 FR 9592, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2541.1  Who may apply.

    Any individual, group, or corporation authorized to hold title to 
land in the State and who believes he has a valid claim under color of 
title may make application.



Sec. 2541.2  Procedures.

    (a) Application. (1) An application for a claim of class 1 or of 
class 2 must be filed in duplicate on a form approved by the Director. 
It must be filed in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 1821.2 of 
this chapter.
    (2) Every application must be accompanied by a filing fee of $10, 
which will be nonreturnable.
    (3) The application must be in typewritten form, or in legible 
handwriting, and it must be completely executed and signed by the 
applicant.
    (4) Every applicant must furnish information required in the 
application form concerning improvements, cultivation, conveyances of 
title, taxes, and related matters.
    (b) Description of lands applied for. Application under the act may 
be made for surveyed or unsurveyed lands. If unsurveyed, the description 
must be sufficiently complete to identify the location, boundary, and 
area of the land and, if possible, the approximate description or 
location of the land by section, township, and range. If unsurveyed land 
is claimed, final action will be suspended until the plat of survey has 
been officially filed.
    (c) Presentation and verification of factual statements. (1) 
Information relating to all record and nonrecord conveyances, or to 
nonrecord claims of title, affecting the land shall be itemized on a 
form approved by the Director. The statements of record conveyances must 
be certified by the proper county official or by an abstractor. The 
applicant may be called upon to submit documentary or other evidence 
relating to

[[Page 129]]

conveyances or claims. Abstracts of title or other documents which are 
so requested will be returned to the applicant.
    (2) Applicants for claims of class 2 must itemize all information 
relating to tax levies and payments on the land on a form approved by 
the Director which must be certified by the proper county official or by 
an abstractor.



Sec. 2541.3  Patents.

    (a) Any applicant who satisfied all requirements for a claim of 
class 1 or class 2 commencing not later than January 1, 1901, to the 
date of application and who so requests in the application will receive 
a patent conveying title to all other minerals except:
    (1) Any minerals which, at the time of approval of the application, 
are embraced by an outstanding mineral lease or
    (2) Any minerals for which the lands have been placed in a mineral 
withdrawal.

All other patents will reserve all minerals to the United States.
    (b) All mineral reservations will include the right to prospect for, 
mine, and remove the same in accordance with applicable law.
    (c) The maximum area for which patent may be issued for any claim 
under the act is 160 acres. Where an area held under a claim or color of 
title is in excess of 160 acres, the Secretary has authority under the 
act to determine what particular subdivisions not exceeding 160 acres, 
may be patented.



Sec. 2541.4  Price of land; payment.

    (a) Price of land. The land applied for will be appraised on the 
basis of its fair market value at the time of appraisal. However, in 
determination of the price payable by the applicant, value resulting 
from improvements or development by the applicant or his predecessors in 
interest will be deducted from the appraised price, and consideration 
will be given to the equities of the applicant. In no case will the land 
be sold for less than $1.25 per acre.
    (b) Payment. Applicant will be required to make payment of the sale 
price of the land within the time stated in the request for payment.



Sec. 2541.5  Publication; protests.

    (a) The applicant will be required to publish once a week for four 
consecutive weeks in accordance with Sec. 1824.3 of this chapter, at 
his expense, in a designated newspaper and in a designated form, a 
notice allowing all persons claiming the land adversely to file in the 
office specified in Sec. 2541.1-2(a) their objections to the issuance 
of patent under the application. A protestant must serve on the 
applicant a copy of the objections and furnish evidence of such service.
    (b) The applicant must file a statement of the publisher, 
accompanied by a copy of the notice published, showing that publication 
has been had for the required time.



Subpart 2542_Color-of-Title Claims: New Mexico, Contiguous to Spanish or 
                             Mexican Grants

    Source: 35 FR 9593, June 13, 1970 unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2542.1  Application.

    (a) Where filed; purchase price required. Applications under the Act 
of February 23, 1932 must be filed with the authorizing officer of the 
proper office at Santa Fe, New Mexico, and should be accompanied by 
payment of the purchase price of the land applied for at the rate of 
$1.25 per acre.
    (b) Form. No special form of application is provided. The 
application should be in typewritten form or in legible handwriting and 
must be corroborated by at least two disinterested persons having actual 
knowledge of the facts alleged therein.
    (c) Contents of application. Applicants desiring to take advantage 
of the benefits of the Act of February 23, 1932, must show the following 
matters in their applications:
    (1) Full name and post-office address of the applicant and whether 
married or single.
    (2) Description of the land for which patent is desired. If 
surveyed, the land should be described by legal subdivision, section, 
township, and range. If unsurveyed, the land should be described by 
metes and bounds.

[[Page 130]]

    (3) That the land applied for is contiguous to a Spanish or Mexican 
land grant. The grant should be identified by name, number, patentee or 
description of land involved. The points or places at which the land 
applied for is contiguous to the Spanish or Mexican land grant, must be 
clearly shown.
    (4) That possession of the lands applied for has been maintained for 
more than 20 years under claim or color of title. If the applicant is 
claiming as a record owner, he or she will be required to file an 
abstract of title, certified to by a competent abstractor, showing the 
record of all conveyances of the land up to the date of the filing of 
the application. If the applicant is not a record owner and no abstract 
of title can be furnished, statements must be filed, setting forth the 
names of all mesne possessors of the land, the periods held by each, 
giving the dates and manner of acquiring possession of the land, and the 
acts of dominion exercised over the land by each possessor.
    (5) That the lands have been held in good faith and in peaceful, 
adverse possession. The applicant should show whether or not he and his 
predecessors in interest have paid taxes on the lands and for what 
periods of time, and whether any consideration was paid for any 
conveyances of the land. It should further be shown whether there is any 
person who is claiming the land adversely to the applicant, and if there 
be such, the name and address of such adverse claimant should be 
furnished.
    (6) Whether or not valuable improvements have been erected upon the 
land applied for and whether or not any part of such land has been 
reduced to cultivation. If improvements have been made, the nature, the 
value, the exact location, and the time of erection thereof, should be 
fully disclosed together with the identity of the one who was 
responsible for erecting such improvements. If any of the land has been 
reduced to cultivation, the subdivision so claimed to have been reduced 
must be identified and the amount and nature of the cultivation must be 
set forth, together with the dates thereof.



Sec. 2542.2  Evidence required.

    (a) Citizenship. The applicant must furnish a statement showing 
whether such applicant is a native-born or naturalized citizen of the 
United States. In the event an applicant is a naturalized citizen, the 
statement should show the date of the alleged naturalization or 
declaration of intention, the title and location of the court in which 
instituted, and when available, the number of the document in question, 
if the proceeding has been had since September 26, 1906. In addition, in 
cases of naturalization prior to September 27, 1906, there should be 
given the date and place of the applicant's birth and the foreign 
country of which the applicant was a citizen or subject. In case the 
applicant is a corporation, a certified copy of the articles of 
incorporation should be filed.
    (b) Acreage claimed. The applicant in the statement required under 
paragraph (a) of this section must show that the land claimed is not a 
part of a claim which embraced more than 160 acres on February 23, 1932. 
If the land claimed is part of a claim containing more than 160 acres, a 
full disclosure of all facts concerning the larger claim must be 
furnished.



Sec. 2542.3  Publication and posting of notice.

    (a) If upon consideration of the application it is determined that 
the applicant is entitled to purchase the land applied for, the 
applicant will be required to publish notice of the application in a 
newspaper of general circulation in the county wherein the land applied 
for is situated. Notice for publication shall be issued in the following 
form:

                                                            Land Office,
                                                   Santa Fe, New Mexico.

    Notice is hereby given that ------------------------ (Name of 
applicant) of ------------------------------ (Address) has filed 
application ---------------------------------- (Number and land office) 
under the Act of February 23, 1932 (47 Stat. 53), to purchase ----------
-------------------------------- (Land) Sec.------, T.------, R.------, 
------------ Mer., claiming under ------------ (Ground of claim).


[[Page 131]]


    The purpose of this notice is to allow all persons having bona fide 
objection to the proposed purchase, an opportunity to file their 
protests in this office on or before

________________________________________________________________________
                                                                  (Date)
________________________________________________________________________
                                                               (Manager)

    (b) The notice shall be published at the expense of the applicant 
and such publication shall be made once each week for a period of five 
consecutive weeks. A copy of the notice will be posted in the proper 
office during the entire period of publication. The applicant must file 
evidence showing that publication has been had for the required time, 
which evidence must consist of the statement of the publisher, 
accompanied by a copy of the notice as published.



Sec. 2542.4  Patent.

    (a) Upon submission of satisfactory proof of publication and the 
expiration of the time allowed for the filing of objections against the 
application, if there be no protest, contest or other objection against 
the application, patent will then be issued by the authorizing officer.
    (b) There will be incorporated in patents issued on applications 
under the above Act, the following:

    Excepting and reserving, however, to the United States, the coal and 
all other minerals in the land so patented, together with the right of 
the United States or its permittees, lessees, or grantees, to enter upon 
said lands for the purpose of prospecting for and mining such deposits 
as provided for under the Act of February 23, 1932 (47 Stat. 53).



           Subpart 2543_Erroneously Meandered Lands: Arkansas

    Source: 35 FR 9593, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2543.1  Applications.

    (a) Applications to purchase under the Act of September 21, 1922, 
must be signed by the applicant in the State of Arkansas. Such 
applications had to be filed within 90 days from the date of the passage 
of this Act, if the lands had been surveyed and plats filed, otherwise 
they must be filed within 90 days from the filing of such plats. The 
applicant must show that he is either a native-born or naturalized 
citizen of the United States, and, if naturalized, file record evidence 
thereof; must describe the land which he desires to purchase, together 
with the land claimed as the basis of his preference right to the lands 
applied for if he applies as a riparian owner, or if claiming otherwise, 
under what color of title his claim is based, and that the applied-for 
lands are not lawfully appropriated by a qualified settler or entryman 
under the public land laws, nor in the legal possession of any adverse 
applicant; the kind, character, and value of the improvements on the 
land covered by the application; when they were placed thereon; the 
extent of the cultivation had, if any, and how long continued. This 
application must be supported by the statements of two persons having 
personal knowledge of the facts alleged in the application.
    (b) All applications to purchase under the act must be accompanied 
by an application service fee of $10 which will not be returnable.



Sec. 2543.2  Appraisal of land.

    When an application is received it will be assigned for 
investigation and appraisement of the land in accordance with the 
provisions of the Act of September 21, 1922.



Sec. 2543.3  Purchase price required.

    If upon consideration of the application it shall be determined that 
the applicant is entitled to purchase the lands applied for, the 
applicant will be notified by registered mail that he must within 30 
days from service of notice deposit the appraised price, or thereafter, 
and without further notice, forfeit all rights under his application.



Sec. 2543.4  Publication and posting.

    Upon payment of the appraised price a notice of publication will be 
issued. Such notice shall be published at the expense of the applicant 
in a designated newspaper of general circulation in the vicinity of the 
lands once a week for five consecutive weeks immediately prior to the 
date of sale, but a sufficient time should elapse between the date of 
last publication and date of sale to enable the statement of the

[[Page 132]]

publisher to be filed. The notice will advise all persons claiming 
adversely to the applicant that they should file any objections or 
protests against the allowance of the application within the period of 
publication, otherwise the application may be allowed. Any objections or 
protests must be corroborated, and a copy thereof served upon the 
applicant. The Bureau of Land Management will cause a notice similar to 
the notice for publication to be posted in such office, during the 
entire period of publication. The publisher of the newspaper must file 
in the Bureau of Land Management prior to the date fixed by the sale 
evidence that publication has been had for the required period, which 
evidence must consist of the statement of the publisher, accompanied by 
a copy of the notice published.



Sec. 2543.5  Patent.

    Upon submission of satisfactory proof, if no protest or contest is 
pending, patent will be issued.



           Subpart 2544_Erroneously Meandered Lands: Louisiana

    Source: 35 FR 9594, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2544.1  Applications.

    (a) Applications to purchase under the Act of February 19, 1925, 
must be signed by the applicant in the State of Louisiana. Such 
applications had to be filed within 90 days from the passage of this 
act, if the lands had been surveyed and plats filed, otherwise they must 
be filed within 90 days from the filing of such plat. The applicant must 
show that he is either a native-born or a naturalized citizen of the 
United States, and, if naturalized, file record evidence thereof; must 
describe the land which he desires to purchase, together with the land 
claimed as the basis of his preference right to the lands applied for it 
he applies as a riparian owner, or if claiming otherwise, under what 
color of the title his claim is based; in other words, a complete 
history of the claim, and that the lands applied for are not lawfully 
appropriated by a qualified settler or entryman under the public land 
laws, nor in the legal possession of any adverse applicant; the kind, 
character, and value of the improvements on the land covered by the 
application; when they were placed thereon; the extent of the 
cultivation, if any, and how long continued. Such application must be 
supported by the statement of at least two persons having personal 
knowledge of the facts alleged in the application.
    (b) All applications to purchase under the act must be accompanied 
by an application service fee of $10 which will not be returnable.



Sec. 2544.2  Appraisal of land.

    When an application is received it will be assigned for 
investigation and appraisement of the land in accordance with the 
provisions of the act.



Sec. 2544.3  Notice to deposit purchase price.

    If, upon consideration of the application, it shall be determined 
that the applicant is entitled to purchase the lands applied for, the 
applicant will be notified, by registered mail, that he must within 6 
months from receipt of notice deposit the appraised price of the land or 
else forfeit all his rights under his application.



Sec. 2544.4  Publication and posting.

    Upon payment of the appraised price of the land the Bureau will 
issue notice of publication. Such notice shall be published at the 
expense of the applicant in a designated newspaper of general 
circulation in the vicinity of the lands, once a week for five 
consecutive weeks. In accordance with Sec. 1824.3 of this chapter, 
immediately prior to the date of sale, but a sufficient time shall 
elapse between the date of the last publication and the date of sale to 
enable the statement of the publisher to be filed. The notice will 
advise all persons claiming adversely to the applicant that they should 
file any objections or protests against the allowance of the application 
within the period of publication, otherwise the application may be 
allowed. Any objections or protests must be corroborated, and a copy 
thereof served upon the applicant. The Bureau will also cause a copy of 
such notice of publication to be posted in such office during the entire 
period of publication. The applicant must file in

[[Page 133]]

the Bureau prior to the date fixed for the sale evidence that 
publication has been had for the required period, which evidence must 
consist of the statement of the publisher accompanied by a copy of the 
notice so published.



Sec. 2544.5  Patent.

    Upon the submission of satisfactory proof, the Bureau will, if no 
protest or contest is pending, issue patent, such patent to contain a 
stipulation that all the minerals in the lands described in the 
application are reserved to the United States with the right to prospect 
for, mine and remove same.



           Subpart 2545_Erroneously Meandered Lands: Wisconsin

    Source: 35 FR 9594, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2545.1  Qualifications of applicants.

    (a) To qualify under the Act of 1954, a person, or his predecessors 
in interest, (1) must have been issued, prior to January 21, 1953, a 
patent for lands lying along the meander line as originally determined, 
and (2) must have held in good faith and in peaceful, adverse possession 
since the date of issuance of said patent adjoining public lands lying 
between the original meander line and the resurveyed meander line.
    (b) To qualify under the Act of 1925, a person must either (1) be 
the owner in good faith of land, acquired prior to February 27, 1925, 
shown by the official public land surveys to be bounded in whole or in 
part by such public lands or (2) be a citizen of the United States who, 
in good faith under color of title or claiming as a riparian owner, had, 
prior to February 27, 1925, placed valuable improvements upon or reduced 
to cultivation any of such public lands.



Sec. 2545.2  Applications.

    (a) Claimants under the Act of 1925 have a preferred right of 
application for a period of 90 days from the date of filing of the plat 
of survey of lands claimed by them. Applications for public lands under 
the Act of 1954 must be filed within 1 year after August 24, 1954, or 1 
year from the date of the official plat or resurvey, whichever is later. 
All applications must be filed in the proper office (see Sec. 1821.2-1 
of this chapter).
    (b) Every application must be accompanied by a filing fee of $10, 
which is not returnable.
    (c) No particular form is required but the applications must be 
typewritten or in legible handwriting and must contain the following 
information:
    (1) The name and post office address of the applicant.
    (2) The legal description and acreage of the public lands claimed or 
desired.
    (3) The legal description of the lands owned by the applicant, if 
any, adjoining the public lands claimed or desired. If the claim is 
based on ownership of such adjoining lands, the application must be 
accompanied by a certificate from the proper county official or by an 
abstractor, showing the date of acquisition of the lands by the 
applicant and that the applicant owns the lands in fee simple as of the 
date of application.
    (4) If the applicant is a color-of-title applicant under the Act of 
1925, a statement whether or not the applicant is a citizen of the 
United States.
    (5) If the application is based on color of title or riparian claim 
under the Act of 1925, a statement fully disclosing the facts of the 
matter; or if the application is based on peaceful, adverse possession 
under the Act of 1954, a similar statement showing peaceful, adverse 
possession by the applicant, or his predecessors in interest, since the 
issuance of the patent to the lands adjoining the claimed lands.
    (6) A statement showing the improvements, if any, placed on the 
public lands applied for including their location, nature, present 
value, date of installation, and the names of the person or persons who 
installed them.
    (7) A statement showing the cultivation, if any, of the lands 
applied for, including the nature, location, and dates of such 
cultivation.
    (8) The names and post office addresses of any adverse claimants, 
settlers, or occupants of the public lands applied for or claimed.
    (9) The names and post office addresses of at least two 
disinterested persons having knowledge of the facts relating to the 
applicant's claim.

[[Page 134]]

    (10) A citation of the act under which the application is made.



Sec. 2545.3  Publication and protests.

    (a) The applicant will be required to publish once a week for five 
consecutive weeks in accordance with Sec. 1824.3 of this chapter, at 
his expense, in a designated newspaper and in a designated form, a 
notice allowing all persons claiming the land adversely to file with the 
Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, their objections to issuance 
of patent under the application. A protestant must serve on the 
applicant a copy of the objections and furnish evidence of such service.
    (b) The applicant must file a statement of the publisher, 
accompanied by a copy of the notice published, showing that publication 
has been had for the required time.



Sec. 2545.4  Price of land; other conditions.

    (a) Persons entitled to a patent under the Act of 1954 must, within 
30 days after request therefor, pay, under the same terms and 
conditions, the same price per acre as was paid for the land included in 
their original patent.
    (b) Persons entitled to a patent under the Act of 1925, within 30 
days after request therefor, must pay the appraised price of the lands, 
which price will be the value of the lands as of the date of appraisal, 
exclusive of any increased value resulting from the development or 
improvement of the lands for agricultural purposes by the applicant or 
his predecessors in interest but inclusive of the stumpage value of any 
timber cut or removed by them.



             Subpart 2546_Snake River, Idaho: Omitted Lands

    Source: 35 FR 9595, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2546.1  Offers of lands for sale.

    Before any lands may be sold under the Act, the authorized officer 
of the Bureau of Land Management shall publish in the Federal Register 
and in at least one newspaper of general circulation within the State of 
Idaho a notice that the lands will be offered for sale, which notice 
shall specify a period of time not less than 30 days in duration during 
which citizens may file with the proper office at Boise, Idaho, a notice 
of their intention to apply to purchase all or part of the lands as 
qualified preference-right claimants.



Sec. 2546.2  Applications for purchase.

    (a) All citizens who file a notice of intention in accordance with 
Sec. 2546.1 within the time period specified in the published notice or 
any amendment thereof will be granted by the authorized officer a period 
of time not less than 30 days in duration in which to file, in duplicate 
with the Authorizing officer of the Boise State Office, their 
applications to purchase lands as preference-right claimants.
    (b) Every application must be accompanied by a filing fee of $10, 
which is not returnable.
    (c) No particular form is required but the applications must be 
typewritten or in legible handwriting and must contain the following 
information:
    (1) The name and post office address of the claimant.
    (2) The description and acreage of the public lands claimed or 
desired.
    (3) The description of the lands owned by the applicant, if any, 
adjoining the public lands claimed or desired accompanied by a 
certificate from the proper county official or by an abstractor or by an 
attorney showing the date of acquisition of the lands by the applicant 
and that the applicant owns the lands in fee simple as of the date of 
application.
    (4) A statement showing that the claimant is a citizen of the United 
States, as defined in paragraph (4) of Sec. 2540.0-3(f).
    (5) A statement giving the basis for color of title or claim of 
riparian ownership.
    (6) A statement showing the improvements, if any, placed on the 
public lands applied for including their location, nature, present 
value, date of installation, and the names of the person or persons who 
installed them.
    (7) A statement showing the cultivation and occupancy, if any, of 
the lands applied for, including the nature, location, and date of such 
cultivation and occupancy.

[[Page 135]]

    (8) The names and post office addresses of any adverse claimants, 
settlers, or occupants of the public lands claimed.
    (9) The names and addresses of at least two disinterested persons 
having knowledge of the facts relating to the applicant's claim.
    (10) A citation of the Act under which the application is made.



Sec. 2546.3  Payment and publication.

    (a) Before lands may be sold to a qualified preference-right 
claimant, the claimant will be required to pay the purchase price of the 
lands and will be required to publish once a week for four consecutive 
weeks, at his expense, in a designated newspaper and in a designated 
form, a notice allowing all persons having objections to file with the 
Authorizing officer of the State Office at Boise, Idaho, their 
objections to issuance of patent to the claimant. A protestant must 
serve on the claimant a copy of the objections and must furnish the 
Authorizing officer with evidence of such service.
    (b) Among other things, the notice will describe the lands to be 
patented, state the purchase price for the lands and the reservations, 
if any, to be included in the patent to preserve public recreational 
values in the lands.
    (c) The claimant must file a statement of the publisher, accompanied 
by a copy of the notice published, showing that publication has been had 
for the required time.



Sec. 2546.4  Public auctions.

    (a) The authorized officer may sell under the Act at public auction 
any lands for which preference-claimants do not qualify for patents 
under the regulations of Sec. 2540.0-3(f) and subpart 2546.
    (b) Lands will be sold under this section at not less than their 
appraised fair market value at the time and place and in the manner 
specified by the authorized officer in a public notice of the sale.
    (c) Bids may be made by the principal or his agent, either 
personally at the sale or by mail.
    (d) A bid sent by mail must be received at the place and within the 
time specified in the public notice. Each such bid must clearly state 
(1) the name and address of the bidder and (2) the specified tract, as 
described in the notice for which the bid is made. The envelope must be 
noted as required by the notice.
    (e) Each bid by mail must be accompanied by certified or cashier's 
check, post office money order or bank draft for the amount of the bid.
    (f) The person who submits the highest bid for each tract at the 
close of bidding, but not less than the minimum price, will be declared 
the purchaser.



                   Subpart 2547_Omitted Lands: General

    Authority: Secs. 211 and 310 of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1721 and 1740).

    Source: 44 FR 41793, July 18, 1979, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2547.1  Qualifications of applicants.

    (a) Any person authorized to hold title to land in the State may 
make application under section 211 of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1721). For regulations on conveyances 
of omitted lands and unsurveyed islands to State and local governments 
see subpart 2742 of this title.
    (b) The applicant shall be a citizen of the United States, or in the 
case of corporation, shall be organized under the laws of the United 
States or any State thereof.
    (c) The applicant shall have occupied and developed the lands for a 
5-year period prior to January 1, 1975.

[44 FR 41793, July 18, 1979; 44 FR 55876, Sept. 28, 1979]



Sec. 2547.2  Procedures; applications.

    (a) The description of the omitted lands applied for shall be 
sufficiently complete to identify the location, boundary, and area of 
the land, including, if possible, the legal description of the land by 
section or fractional section, township, range, meridian and State.
    (b) Each application shall be accompanied by a filing fee of $50 
that is nonreturnable. The application shall be

[[Page 136]]

filed in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 1821.2 of this title.
    (c) No special form of application is required. The application 
shall be typewritten or in legible handwriting and shall contain the 
following information:
    (1) The full name and legal mailing address of the applicant.
    (2) The description and acreage of the public lands claimed.
    (3) A statement showing that the applicant is qualified or 
authorized to hold title to land in the State, is a citizen of the 
United States, and in the case of a corporation, is organized under the 
laws of the United States or any State thereof.
    (4) A statement describing how the applicant has satisfied the 
requirements of the statute.
    (5) A statement describing the nature and extent of any developments 
made to the lands applied for and describing the period and type of any 
occupancy of the land.
    (6) The names and legal mailing addresses of any known adverse 
claimants or occupants of the applied for lands.
    (7) A citation of the Act under which the application is being made.



Sec. 2547.3  Price of land; payment.

    (a) The land applied for shall be appraised for fair market value at 
the time of appraisal. However, in determination of the price payable by 
the applicant, value resulting from development and occupation by the 
applicant or his predecessors in interest shall be deducted from the 
appraised price.
    (b) The applicant shall also be required to pay administrative 
costs, including:
    (1) The cost of making the survey,
    (2) The cost of appraisal, and
    (3) The cost of making the conveyance.
    (c) The applicant shall be required to make payment of the sale 
price and administrative costs within the time stated in the requests 
for payment or any extensions granted thereto by the authorized officer.



Sec. 2547.4  Publication and protests.

    (a) The applicant shall be required to publish a notice of the 
application once a week for five consecutive weeks in accordance with 
Sec. 1824.3 of this title, in a designated newspaper and in a 
designated form. All persons claiming the land adversely may file with 
the State Office of the Bureau of Land Management in which the lands are 
located, their objections to issuance of patent under the application. A 
protestant shall serve on the applicant a copy of the objections and 
furnish evidence of such service.
    (b) The applicant shall file at the appropriate BLM office a 
statement of the publisher, accompanied by a copy of the notice 
published, showing that the publication has been made for the required 
time.



Sec. 2547.5  Disposal considerations.

    (a) Disposal under this provision shall not be made until:
    (1) It has been determined by the authorized officer that such 
conveyance is in the public interest and will serve objectives which 
outweigh all public objectives and values which would be served by 
retaining such lands in Federal ownership.
    (2) The relevant State government, local government, and areawide 
planning agency designated under section 204 of the Demonstration Cities 
and Metropolitan Act of 1966 (80 Stat. 1255, 1262), and/or Title IV of 
the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968 (82 Stat. 1098, 1103-4) 
have notified the authorized officer as to the consistency of such 
conveyance with applicable State and local government land use plans and 
programs.
    (3) The plat of survey has been officially filed.



Sec. 2547.6  Lands not subject to disposal under this subpart.

    This subpart shall not apply to any lands within the National Forest 
System, defined in the Act of August 17, 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1601), the 
National Park System, the National Wildlife Refuge System, and the 
National Wild and Scenic Rivers System.

[[Page 137]]



Sec. 2547.7  Coordination with State and local governments.

    At least 60 days prior to offering land for sale, the authorized 
officer shall notify the Governor of the State within which the lands 
are located and the head of the governing body of any political 
subdivision of the State having zoning or other land use regulatory 
jurisdiction in the geographical area within which the lands are located 
that the lands are being offered for sale. The authorized officer shall 
also promptly notify such public officials of the issuance of the patent 
for such lands.



PART 2560_ALASKA OCCUPANCY AND USE--Table of Contents




                     Subpart 2561_Native Allotments

Sec.
2561.0-2 Objectives.
2561.0-3 Authority.
2561.0-5 Definitions.
2561.0-8 Lands subject to allotment.
2561.1 Applications.
2561.2 Proof of use and occupancy.
2561.3 Effect of allotment.

               Subpart 2562_Trade and Manufacturing Sites

2562.0-3 Authority.
2562.1 Initiation of claim.
2562.2 Qualifications of applicant.
2562.3 Applications.
2562.4 Survey.
2562.5 Publication and posting.
2562.6 Form of entry.
2562.7 Patent.

                 Subpart 2563_Homesites or Headquarters

2563.0-2 Purpose.
2563.0-3 Authority.
2563.0-7 Cross references.
2563.1 Purchase of tracts not exceeding 5 acres, on showing as to 
          employment or business (Act of March 3, 1927).
2563.1-1 Application.
2563.1-2 Approval.
2563.2 Purchase of tracts not exceeding 5 acres, without showing as to 
          employment or business (Act of May 26, 1934).
2563.2-1 Procedures for initiating claim.

                      Subpart 2564_Native Townsites

2564.0-3 Authority.
2564.0-4 Responsibility.
2564.1 Application for restricted deed.
2564.2 No payment, publication or proof required on entry for native 
          towns.
2564.3 Native towns occupied partly by white occupants.
2564.4 Provisions to be inserted in restricted deeds.
2564.5 Sale of land for which restricted deed was issued.
2564.6 Application for unrestricted deed.
2564.7 Determination of competency or noncompetency; issuance of 
          unrestricted deed.

                    Subpart 2565_Non-native Townsites

2565.0-3 Authority.
2565.0-7 Cross reference.
2565.1 General requirements.
2565.2 Application; fees; contests and protests.
2565.3 Subdivision.
2565.4 Deeds.
2565.5 Sale of the land.
2565.6 Rights-of-way.
2565.7 Final report of trustee; disposition of unexpended moneys and 
          unsold lots.
2565.8 Records to be kept by trustee.
2565.9 Disposition of records on completion of trust.

                 Subpart 2566_Alaska Railroad Townsites

2566.0-3 Authority.
2566.0-7 Cross references.
2566.1 General procedures.
2566.2 Public sale.

       Subpart 2568_Alaska Native Allotments for Certain Veterans

                                 Purpose

2568.10 What Alaska Native allotment benefits are available to certain 
          Alaska Native veterans?

                          Regulatory Authority

2568.20 What is the legal authority for these allotments?
2568.21 Do other regulations directly apply to these regulations?

                               Definitions

2568.30 What terms do I need to know to understand these regulations?

                         Information Collection

2568.40 Does BLM have the authority to ask me for the information 
          required in these regulations?

                    Who is Qualified for an Allotment

2568.50 What qualifications do I need to be eligible for an allotment?

                        Personal Representatives

2568.60 May the personal representatives of eligible deceased veterans 
          apply on their behalf?

[[Page 138]]

2568.61 What are the requirements for a personal representative?
2568.62 Under what circumstances does BLM accept the appointment of a 
          personal representative?
2568.63 Under what circumstances does BLM reject the appointment of a 
          personal representative?
2568.64 Are there different requirements for giving an allotment to the 
          estate of a deceased veteran?

                        Applying for an Allotment

2568.70 If I am qualified for an allotment, when can I apply?
2568.71 Where do I file my application?
2568.72 When does BLM consider my application to be filed too late?
2568.73 Do I need to fill out a special application form?
2568.74 What else must I file with my application?
2568.75 Must I include a Certificate of Indian Blood as well as a 
          Department of Defense verification of qualifying military 
          service when I file my application with BLM?
2568.76 Do I need to pay any fees when I file my application?
2568.77 [Reserved]
2568.78 Will my application segregate the land for which I am applying 
          from other applications or land actions?
2568.79 Are there any rules about the number and size of parcels?
2568.80 Does the parcel have to be surveyed before I can receive title 
          to it?
2568.81 If BLM finds errors in my application, will BLM give me a chance 
          to correct them?
2568.82 If BLM decides that I have not submitted enough information to 
          show qualifying use and occupancy, will it reject my 
          application or give me a chance to submit more information?

                        Available Lands--General

2568.90 If I qualify for an allotment, what land may BLM convey to me?
2568.91 Is there land owned by the Federal government that BLM cannot 
          convey to me even if I qualify?
2568.92 [Reserved]
2568.93 Is there a limit to how much water frontage my allotment can 
          include?
2568.94 Can I receive an allotment of land that is valuable for 
          minerals?
2568.95 Will BLM try to reacquire land that has been conveyed out of 
          Federal ownership so it can convey that land to a Native 
          veteran?

            Available Lands--Conservation System Units (CSU)

2568.100 What is a CSU?
2568.101 If the land I used and occupied is within a CSU other than a 
          National Wilderness or any part of a National Forest, can I 
          receive a title to it?
2568.102 Is the process by which the managing agency decides whether my 
          allotment is not inconsistent with the CSU the same as other 
          such determination processes?
2568.103 By what process does the managing agency of a CSU decide if my 
          allotment would be consistent with the CSU?
2568.104 How will a CSU manager determine if my allotment is consistent 
          with the CSU?
2568.105 In what situations could a CSU manager likely find an allotment 
          to be consistent with the CSU?
2568.106 In what situations could a CSU manager generally find an 
          allotment to be inconsistent with the purposes of a CSU?

                         Alternative Allotments

2568.110 If I qualify for Federal land in one of the categories BLM 
          cannot convey, is there any other way for me to receive an 
          allotment?
2568.111 What if BLM decides that I qualify for land that is in the 
          category of Federal land that BLM cannot convey?
2568.112 What do I do if BLM notifies me that I am eligible to choose an 
          alternative allotment?
2568.113 Do I have to prove that I used and occupied the land I've 
          chosen as an alternative allotment?
2568.114 How do I apply for an alternative allotment if the CSU manager 
          determines my application is inconsistent with a CSU?
2568.115 When must I apply for an alternative allotment if the CSU 
          manager determines my application is inconsistent with a CSU?

                                 Appeals

2568.120 What can I do if I disagree with any of the decisions that are 
          made about my allotment application?
2568.121 If an agency determines my allotment is inconsistent with the 
          purposes of a CSU, what can I do if I disagree?
2568.122 What then does the CSU manager do with my request for 
          reconsideration?
2568.123 Can I appeal the CSU Manager's reconsidered decision if I 
          disagree with it?

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1629g(e).



                     Subpart 2561_Native Allotments

    Source: 35 FR 9597, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 139]]



Sec. 2561.0-2  Objectives.

    It is the program of the Secretary of the Interior to enable 
individual natives of Alaska to acquire title to the lands they use and 
occupy and to protect the lands from the encroachment of others.



Sec. 2561.0-3  Authority.

    The Act of May 17, 1906 (34 Stat. 197), as amended August 2, 1956 
(70 Stat. 954; 43 U.S.C. 270-1 to 270-3), authorizes the Secretary of 
the Interior to allot not to exceed 160 acres of vacant, unappropriated, 
and unreserved nonmineral land in Alaska or, subject to the provisions 
of the Act of March 8, 1922 (42 Stat. 415; 48 U.S.C. 376-377), of 
vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved public land in Alaska that may be 
valuable for coal, oil, or gas deposits, or, under certain conditions, 
of national forest lands in Alaska, to any Indian, Aleut or Eskimo of 
full or mixed blood who resides in and is a native of Alaska, and who is 
the head of a family, or is twenty-one years of age.



Sec. 2561.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in the regulations in this section.
    (a) The term substantially continuous use and occupancy contemplates 
the customary seasonality of use and occupancy by the applicant of any 
land used by him for his livelihood and well-being and that of his 
family. Such use and occupancy must be substantial actual possession and 
use of the land, at least potentially exclusive of others, and not 
merely intermittent use.
    (b) Allotment is an allocation to a Native of land of which he has 
made substantially continuous use and occupancy for a period of five 
years and which shall be deemed the homestead of the allottee and his 
heirs in perpetuity, and shall be inalienable and nontaxable except as 
otherwise provided by the Congress.
    (c) Allotment Act means the Act of May 17, 1906 (34 Stat. 197), as 
amended (48 U.S.C. 357, 357a, 357b).



Sec. 2561.0-8  Lands subject to allotment.

    (a) A Native may be granted a single allotment of not to exceed 160 
acres of land. All the lands in an allotment need not be contiguous but 
each separate tract of the allotment should be in reasonably compact 
form.
    (b) In areas where the rectangular survey pattern is appropriate, an 
allotment may be in terms of 40-acre legal subdivisions and survey lots 
on the basis that substantially continuous use and occupancy of a 
significant portion of such smallest legal subdivision shall normally 
entitle the applicant to the full subdivision, absent conflicting 
claims.
    (c) Allotments may be made in national forests if founded on 
occupancy of the land prior to the establishment of the particular 
forest or if an authorized officer of the Department of Agriculture 
certifies that the land in the application for allotment is chiefly 
valuable for agricultural or grazing purposes.
    (d) Lands in applications for allotment and allotments that may be 
valuable for coal, oil, or gas deposits are subject to the regulations 
of Sec. 2093.4 of this chapter.



Sec. 2561.1  Applications.

    (a) Applications for allotment properly and completely executed on a 
form approved by the Director, Bureau of Land Management, must be filed 
in the proper office which has jurisdiction over the lands.
    (b) Any application for allotment of lands which extend more than 
160 rods along the shore of any navigable waters shall be considered a 
request for waiver of the 160-rod limitation (see part 2094 of this 
chapter).
    (c) If surveyed, the land must be described in the application 
according to legal subdivisions and must conform to the plat of survey 
when possible. If unsurveyed, it must be described as accurately as 
possible by metes and bounds and tied to natural objects. On unsurveyed 
lands, the application should be accompanied by a map or approved 
protracted survey diagram showing approximately the lands included in 
the application.
    (d) An application for allotment shall be rejected unless the 
authorized officer of the Bureau of Indian Affairs certifies that the 
applicant is a native qualified to make application under the Allotment 
Act, that the applicant

[[Page 140]]

has occupied and posted the lands as stated in the application, and that 
the claim of the applicant does not infringe on other native claims or 
area of native community use.
    (e) The filing of an acceptable application for a Native allotment 
will segregate the lands. Thereafter, subsequent conflicting 
applications for such lands shall be rejected, except when the 
conflicting application is made for the conveyance of lands pursuant to 
any provision of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 
et seq.).
    (f) By the filing of an application for allotment the applicant 
acquires no rights except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section. 
If the applicant does not submit the required proof within six years of 
the filing of his application in the proper office, his application for 
allotment will terminate without affecting the rights he gained by 
virtue of his occupancy of the land or his right to make another 
application.

[35 FR 9597, June 13, 1970, as amended at 39 FR 34542, Sept. 26, 1974]



Sec. 2561.2  Proof of use and occupancy.

    (a) An allotment will not be made until the lands are surveyed by 
the Bureau of Land Management, and until the applicant or the authorized 
officer of the Bureau of Indian Affairs has made satisfactory proof of 
substantially continuous use and occupancy of the land for a period of 
five years by the applicant. Such proof shall be made on a form approved 
by the Director, Bureau of Land Management, and filed in the proper land 
office. If made by the applicant, it must be signed by him, but if he is 
unable to write his name, his mark or thumb print shall be impressed on 
the statement and witnessed by two persons. This proof may be submitted 
with the application for allotment if the applicant has then used and 
occupied the land for five years, or may be made at any time within six 
years after the filing of the application when the requirements have 
been met.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 2561.3  Effect of allotment.

    (a) Land allotted under the Act is the property of the allottee and 
his heirs in perpetuity, and is inalienable and nontaxable. However, a 
native of Alaska who received an allotment under the Act, or his heirs, 
may with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior or his authorized 
representative, convey the complete title to the allotted land by deed. 
The allotment shall thereafter be free of any restrictions against 
alienation and taxation unless the purchaser is a native of Alaska who 
the Secretary determines is unable to manage the land without the 
protection of the United States and the conveyance provides for a 
continuance of such restrictions.
    (b) Application by an allottee or his heirs for approval to convey 
title to land allotted under the Allotment Act shall be filed with the 
appropriate officer of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.



               Subpart 2562_Trade and Manufacturing Sites

    Authority: R.S. 2478; 43 U.S.C. 1201.

    Source: 35 FR 9598, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2562.0-3  Authority.

    Section 10 of the Act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat. 413, as amended 
August 23, 1958 (72 Stat. 730; 43 U.S.C. 687a), authorizes the sale at 
the rate of $2.50 per acre of not exceeding 80 acres of land in Alaska 
possessed and occupied in good faith as a trade and manufacturing site. 
The lands must be nonmineral in character, except that lands that may be 
valuable for coal, oil, or gas deposits are subject to disposition under 
the Act of March 8, 1922 (42 Stat. 415; 48 U.S.C. 376-377), as amended, 
and the regulations of Sec. 2093.4 of this chapter.



Sec. 2562.1  Initiation of claim.

    (a) Notice. Any qualified person, association, or corporation 
initiating a claim on or after April 29, 1950, under section 10 of the 
Act of May 14, 1898, by the occupation of vacant and unreserved public 
land in Alaska for the purposes of trade, manufacture, or other 
productive industry, must file notice of the claim for recordation in 
the proper office for the district in which the land is situated, within 
90 days after such initiation. Where on April 29, 1950, such a claim was 
held by

[[Page 141]]

a qualified person, association, or corporation, the claimant must file 
notice of the claim in the proper office, within 90 days from that date.
    (b) Form of notice. The notice must be filed on a form approved by 
the Director in triplicate if the land is unsurveyed, or in duplicate if 
surveyed, and shall contain:
    (1) The name and address of the claimant, (2) age and citizenship, 
(3) date of occupancy, and (4) the description of the land by legal 
subdivisions, section, township and range, if surveyed, or, if 
unsurveyed, by metes and bounds with reference to some natural object or 
permanent monument, giving, if desired, the approximate latitude and 
longitude. The notice must designate the kind of trade, manufacture, or 
other productive industry in connection with which the site is 
maintained or desired.
    (c) Failure to file notice. Unless a notice of the claim is filed 
within the time prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section no credit 
shall be given for occupancy of the site prior to filing of notice in 
the proper office, or application to purchase, whichever is earlier.
    (d) Recording fee. The notice of the claim must be accompanied by a 
remittance of $10.00, which will be earned and applied as a service 
charge for recording the notice, and will not be returnable, except in 
cases where the notice is not acceptable to the proper office for 
recording, because the land is not subject to the form of disposition 
specified in the notice.



Sec. 2562.2  Qualifications of applicant.

    An application must show that the applicant is a citizen of the 
United States and 21 years of age, and that he has not theretofore 
applied for land as a trade and manufacturing site. If such site has 
been applied for and the application not completed, the facts must be 
shown. If the application is made for an association of citizens or a 
corporation, the qualifications of each member of the organization must 
be shown. In the case of a corporation, proof of incorporation must be 
established by the certificate of the officer having custody of the 
records of incorporation at the place of its formation and it must be 
shown that the corporation is authorized to hold land in Alaska.



Sec. 2562.3  Applications.

    (a) Execution. Application for a trade and manufacturing site should 
be executed in duplicate and should be filed in the proper office. It 
need not be sworn to, but it must be signed by the applicant and must be 
corroborated by the statements of two persons.
    (b) Fees. All applications must be accompanied by an application 
service fee of $10 which will not be returnable.
    (c) Time for filing. Application to purchase a claim, along with the 
required proof or showing, must be filed within 5 years after the filing 
of notice of the claim.
    (d) Contents. The application to enter must show:
    (1) That the land is actually used and occupied for the purpose of 
trade, manufacture or other productive industry when it was first so 
occupied, the character and value of the improvements thereon and the 
nature of the trade, business or productive industry conducted thereon 
and that it embraces the applicant's improvements and is needed in the 
prosecution of the enterprise. A site for a prospective business cannot 
be acquired under section 10 of the Act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat. 413; 
43 U.S.C. 687a).
    (2) That no portion of the land is occupied or reserved for any 
purpose by the United States or occupied or claimed by natives of 
Alaska; that the land is unoccupied, unimproved, and unappropriated by 
any person claiming the same other than the applicant.
    (3) That the land does not abut more than 80 rods of navigable 
water.
    (4) That the land is not included within an area which is reserved 
because of springs thereon. All facts relative to medicinal or other 
springs must be stated, in accordance with Sec. 2311.2(a) of this 
chapter.
    (5) That no part of the land is valuable for mineral deposits other 
than coal, oil, or gas, and that at the date of location no part of the 
land was claimed under the mining laws.
    (e) Description of land. If the land be surveyed, it must be 
described in the application according to legal subdivisions of the 
public-land surveys. If it be

[[Page 142]]

unsurveyed, the application must describe it by approximate latitude and 
longitude and otherwise with as much certainty as possible without 
survey.



Sec. 2562.4  Survey.

    (a) If the land applied for be unsurveyed and no objection to its 
survey is known to the authorizing officer, he will furnish the 
applicant with a certificate stating the facts, and, after receiving 
such certificate, the applicant may make application to the State 
Director for the survey of the land. Upon receipt of an application, the 
State Director will, if conditions make such procedure practicable and 
no objection is shown by his records, furnish the applicant with an 
estimate of the cost of field and office work, and upon receipt of the 
deposit required will issue appropriate instructions for the survey of 
the claim, such survey to be made not later than the next surveying 
season. The sum so deposited by the applicant for survey will be deemed 
an appropriation thereof and will be held to be expended in the payment 
of the cost of the survey, including field and office work, and upon the 
acceptance of the survey any excess over the cost shall be repaid to the 
depositor or his legal representative.
    (b) In case it is decided that by reason of the inaccessibility of 
the locality embraced in an application for the survey, or by reason of 
other conditions, it will result to the advantage of the Government or 
claimant to have the survey executed by a deputy surveyor, the State 
Director will deliver an order to the applicant for such survey, which 
will be sufficient authority for any deputy surveyor to make a survey of 
the claim.
    (c) In the latter contingency the survey must be made at the expense 
of the applicant, and no right will be recognized as initiated by such 
application unless actual work on the survey is begun and carried to 
completion without unnecessary delay.



Sec. 2562.5  Publication and posting.

    The instructions given in subpart 1824 of this chapter, relative to 
publication and posting.



Sec. 2562.6  Form of entry.

    Claims initiated by occupancy after survey must conform thereto in 
occupation and application, but if the public surveys are extended over 
the lands after occupancy and prior to application, the claim may be 
presented in conformity with such surveys, or, at the election of the 
applicant, a special survey may be had.



Sec. 2562.7  Patent.

    The application and proofs filed therewith will be carefully 
examined and, if all be found regular, the application will be allowed 
and patent issued upon payment for the land at the rate of $2.50 per 
acre, and in the absence of objections shown by his records.



                 Subpart 2563_Homesites or Headquarters

    Source: 35 FR 9599, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2563.0-2  Purpose.

    (a) Act of March 3, 1927. The purpose of this statute is to enable 
fishermen, trappers, traders, manufacturers, or others engaged in 
productive industry in Alaska to purchase small tracts of unreserved 
land in the State, not exceeding 5 acres, as homesteads or headquarters.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 2563.0-3  Authority.

    (a) The Act of March 3, 1927 (44 Stat. 1364; 43 U.S.C. 687a), as 
amended, authorizes the sale as a homestead or headquarters of not to 
exceed five acres of unreserved public lands in Alaska at the rate of 
$2.50 per acre, to any citizen of the United States 21 years of age 
employed by citizens of the United States, association of such citizens, 
or by corporations organized under the laws of the United States, or of 
any State or Territory, whose employer is engaged in trade, manufacture, 
or other productive industry in Alaska, and to any such person who is 
himself engaged in trade, manufacture or other productive industry in 
Alaska. The lands must be nonmineral in character except that lands that 
may be valuable for coal,

[[Page 143]]

oil, or gas deposits are subject to disposition under the provisions of 
the Act of March 8, 1922 (42 Stat. 415, 43 U.S.C. 270-11, 270-12), as 
amended.
    (b) The Act of May 26, 1934 (48 Stat. 809; 43 U.S.C. 687a) amended 
section 10 of the Act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat. 413), as amended by the 
Act of March 3, 1927 (44 Stat. 1364), so as to provide that any citizen, 
after occupying land of the character described in said section of a 
homestead or headquarters, in a habitable house not less than 5 months 
each year for 3 years, may purchase such tract, not exceeding 5 acres, 
in a reasonably compact form, without a showing as to his employment or 
business, upon the payment of $2.50 per acre, the minimum payment for 
any one tract to be $10.



Sec. 2563.0-7  Cross references.

    See the following parts in this subchapter: for Indian and Eskimo 
allotments, part 2530; for mining claims, subpart 3826; for school 
indemnity selections, subpart 2627; for shore space, subpart 2094 for 
trade and manufacturing sites, subpart 2562.



Sec. 2563.1  Purchase of tracts not exceeding 5 acres, on showing as to 
employment or business (Act of March 3, 1927).

    (a) Notice of initiation of claim. A notice of the initiation of a 
claim under the Act of March 3, 1927, must designate the kind of trade, 
manufacture, or other productive industry in connection with which the 
claim is maintained or desired, and identify its ownership. The 
procedure as to notices will be governed in other respects by the 
provisions of Sec. 2563.2-1(a) to (d).
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 2563.1-1  Application.

    (a) Form and contents of applications. Applications under the Act of 
March 3, 1927, must be filed in duplicate in the proper office for the 
district in which the land is situated, and the claim must be in 
reasonably compact form. An application need not be under oath but must 
be signed by the applicant and corroborated by the statements of two 
persons and must show the following facts:
    (1) The age and citizenship of applicant.
    (2) The actual use and occupancy of the land for which application 
is made for a homestead or headquarters.
    (3) The date when the land was first occupied as a homestead or 
headquarters.
    (4) The nature of the trade, business, or productive industry in 
which applicant or his employer, whether a citizen, an association of 
citizens, or a corporation is engaged.
    (5) The location of the tract applied for with respect to the place 
of business and other facts demonstrating its adaptability to the 
purpose of a homestead or headquarters.
    (6) That no portion of the tract applied for is occupied or reserved 
for any purpose by the United States, or occupied or claimed by any 
natives of Alaska, or occupied as a town site or missionary station or 
reserved from sale, and that the tract does not include improvements 
made by or in possession of another person, association, or corporation.
    (7) That the land is not included within an area which is reserved 
because of springs thereon. All facts as to medicinal or other springs 
must be stated, in accordance with Sec. 2311.2(a).
    (8) That no part of the land is valuable for mineral deposits other 
than coal, oil or gas, and that at the date of location no part of the 
land was claimed under the mining laws.
    (9) If the land desired for purchase is surveyed, the application 
must include a description of the tract by aliquot parts of legal 
subdivisions, not exceeding 5 acres. If the tract is situated in the 
fractional portion of a sectional lotting, the lot may be subdivided; 
where such subdivision, however, would result in narrow strips or other 
areas containing less than 2\1/2\ acres, not suitable for disposal as 
separate units, such adjoining excess areas, in the discretion of the 
authorized officer and with the consent of the applicant, may be 
included with the tract applied for, without subdividing and the 
application will be amended accordingly. Where a supplemental plat is 
required, to provide a proper description, it will be prepared at the 
time of approval of the application.

[[Page 144]]

    (10) If the land is unsurveyed, the application must be accompanied 
by a petition for survey, describing the tract applied for with as much 
certainty as possible, without actual survey, not exceeding 5 acres, and 
giving the approximate latitude and longitude of one corner of the 
claim.
    (b) Filing fee. All applications must be accompanied by an 
application service fee of $10 which will not be returnable.
    (c) Time for filing application. Application to purchase a claim, 
along with the required proof or showing, must be filed within 5 years 
after the filing of notice of the claim.



Sec. 2563.1-2  Approval.

    Care will be taken in all cases before patent issues to see that the 
lands applied for are used for the purposes contemplated by the said Act 
of March 3, 1927, and that they are not used for any purpose 
inconsistent therewith.



Sec. 2563.2  Purchase of tracts not exceeding 5 acres, without showing as
to employment or business (Act of May 26, 1934).



Sec. 2563.2-1  Procedures for initiating claim.

    (a) Who must file. Any qualified person initiating a claim under the 
Act of May 26, 1934, must file notice of the claim for recordation in 
the proper office for the district in which the land is situated, within 
90 days after such initiation.
    (b) Form of notice. The notice must be filed on a form approved by 
the Director in triplicate if the land is unsurveyed, or in duplicate if 
surveyed, and shall contain: (1) The name and address of the claimant, 
(2) age and citizenship, (3) date of settlement and occupancy, and (4) 
the description of the land by legal subdivisions, section, township and 
range, if surveyed, or, if unsurveyed, by metes and bounds with 
reference to some natural object or permanent monument, giving, if 
desired, the approximate latitude and longitude.
    (c) Failure to file notice. Unless a notice of the claim is filed 
within the time prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section no credit 
shall be given for occupancy of the site prior to filing of notice in 
the proper office, or application to purchase, whichever is earlier.
    (d) Recording fee. The notice of the claim must be accompanied by a 
remittance of $10.00, which will be applied as a service charge for 
recording the notice, and will not be returnable, except in cases where 
the notice is not acceptable to the proper office for recording because 
the land is not subject to the form of disposition specified in the 
notice.
    (e) Form and contents of application. Applications under the Act of 
May 26, 1934, must be filed in duplicate, if for surveyed land, and in 
triplicate, if for unsurveyed land, in the proper office for the 
district within which the land is situated.

An application need not be under oath but must be signed by the 
applicant and corroborated by the statements of two persons and must 
show the following facts:
    (1) Full name, post office address and age of applicant.
    (2) Whether the applicant is a native-born or naturalized citizen of 
the United States, and if naturalized, evidence of such naturalization 
must be furnished.
    (3) A description of the habitable house on the land, the date when 
it was placed on the land, and the dates each year from which and to 
which the applicant has resided in such house.
    (4) That no portion of the tract applied for is occupied or reserved 
for any purpose by the United States, or occupied or claimed by any 
native of Alaska, or occupied as a townsite, or missionary station, or 
reserved from sale, and that the tract does not include improvements 
made by or in the possession of any other person, association, or 
corporation.
    (5) That the land is not included within an area which is reserved 
because of hot, medicinal or other springs, as explained in Sec. 
2311.2(a) of this chapter. If there be any such springs upon or adjacent 
to the land, on account of which the land is reserved, the facts 
relative thereto must be set forth in full.
    (6) That no part of the land is valuable for mineral deposits other 
than coal, oil or gas, and that at the date of

[[Page 145]]

location no part of the land was claimed under the mining laws.
    (7) That the applicant has not theretofore applied for land under 
said act, or if he has previously purchased a tract he should make a 
full showing as to the former purchase and the necessity for the second 
application.
    (8) An application for surveyed land must describe the land by 
aliquot parts of legal subdivisions, not exceeding 5 acres. If the tract 
is situated in the fractional portion of a sectional lotting, the lot 
may be subdivided; where such subdivision, however, would result in 
narrow strips or other areas containing less than 2\1/2\ acres, not 
suitable for disposal as separate units, such adjoining excess areas, in 
the discretion of the authorized officer and with the consent of the 
applicant, may be included with the tract applied for, without 
subdividing, and the application will be amended accordingly. Where a 
supplemental plat is required to provide a proper description, it will 
be prepared at the time of approval of the application.
    (9) All applications for unsurveyed land must be accompanied by a 
petition for survey, describing the land applied for with as much 
certainty as possible, without actual survey, not exceeding 5 acres, and 
giving the approximate latitude and longitude of one corner of the 
claim.
    (f) Filing fee. All applications must be accompanied by an 
application service fee of $10 which will not be returnable.

(Sec. 10, 30 Stat. 413, as amended; 48 U.S.C. 461)



                      Subpart 2564_Native Townsites

    Source: 35 FR 9601, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2564.0-3  Authority.

    The Act of May 25, 1926, (44 Stat. 629; 43 U.S.C. 733-736) provides 
for the townsite survey and disposition of public lands set apart or 
reserved for the benefit of Indian or Eskimo occupants in trustee 
townsites in Alaska and for the survey and disposal of the lands 
occupied as native towns or villages. The Act of February 26, 1948 (62 
Stat. 35; 43 U.S.C. 737), provides for the issuance of an unrestricted 
deed to any competent native for a tract of land claimed and occupied by 
him within any such trustee townsite.



Sec. 2564.0-4  Responsibility.

    (a) Administration of Indian possessions in trustee towns. As to 
Indian possessions in trustee townsites in Alaska established under 
authority of section 11 of the Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1009; 43 
U.S.C. 732), and for which the townsite trustee has closed his accounts 
and been discharged as trustee, and as to such possessions in other 
trustee townsites in Alaska, such person as may be designated by the 
Secretary of the Interior will perform all necessary acts and administer 
the necessary trusts in connection with the Act of May 25, 1926.
    (b) Administration of native towns. The trustee for any and all 
native towns in Alaska which may be established and surveyed under 
authority of section 3 of the said Act of May 25, 1926 (44 Stat. 630; 43 
U.S.C. 735), will take such action as may be necessary to accomplish the 
objects sought to be accomplished by that section.



Sec. 2564.1  Application for restricted deed.

    A native Indian or Eskimo of Alaska who occupies and claims a tract 
of land in a trustee townsite and who desires to obtain a restricted 
deed for such tract should file application therefor on a form approved 
by the Director, with the townsite trustee.



Sec. 2564.2  No payment, publication or proof required on entry for native towns.

    In connection with the entry of lands as a native town or village 
under section 3 of the said Act of May 25, 1926, no payment need be made 
as purchase money or as fees, and the publication and proof which are 
ordinarily required in connection with trustee townsites will not be 
required.



Sec. 2564.3  Native towns occupied partly by white occupants.

    Native towns which are occupied partly by white lot occupants will 
be surveyed and disposed of under the provisions of both the Act of 
March 3, 1891

[[Page 146]]

(26 Stat. 1095, 1099), and the Act of May 25, 1926 (44 Stat. 629).



Sec. 2564.4  Provisions to be inserted in restricted deeds.

    The townsite trustee will note a proper reference to the Act of May 
25, 1926, on each deed which is issued under authority of that act and 
each such deed shall provide that the title conveyed is inalienable 
except upon approval of the Secretary of the Interior or his authorized 
representative, and that the issuance of the restricted deed does not 
subject the tract to taxation, to levy and sale in satisfaction of the 
debts, contracts or liabilities of the transferee, or to any claims of 
adverse occupancy or law of prescription; also, if the established 
streets and alleys of the townsite have been extended upon and across 
the tract, that there is reserved to the townsite the area covered by 
such streets and alleys as extended. The deed shall further provide that 
the approval by the Secretary of the Interior or his authorized 
representative of a sale by the Indian or Eskimo transferee shall vest 
in the purchaser a complete and unrestricted title from the date of such 
approval.



Sec. 2564.5  Sale of land for which restricted deed was issued.

    When a native possessing a restricted deed for land in a trustee 
townsite issued under authority of the Act of May 25, 1926 (44 Stat. 
629; 43 U.S.C. 733-736), desires to sell the land, he should execute a 
deed on a form approved by the Director, prepared for the approval of 
the Secretary of the Interior, or his authorized representative, and 
send it to the townsite trustee in Alaska. The townsite trustee will 
forward the deed to the Area Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs 
who will determine whether it should be approved. Where the deed is 
approved it shall be returned by the Area Director, Bureau of Indian 
Affairs, through the townsite trustee to the vendor. In the event the 
Area Director determines that the deed shall not be approved, he shall 
so inform the native possessing the restricted deed, who shall have a 
right of appeal from such finding or decision to the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs within sixty days from the date of notification of such 
finding or decision. The appeal shall be filed with the Area Director. 
Should the Commissioner uphold the decision of the Area Director, he 
shall notify the applicant of such action, informing him of his right of 
appeal to the Secretary of the Interior.



Sec. 2564.6  Application for unrestricted deed.

    Any Alaska native who claims and occupies a tract of land in a 
trustee townsite and is the owner of land under a restricted deed issued 
under the Act of May 25, 1926 (44 Stat. 629; 43 U.S.C. 732-737) may file 
an application for an unrestricted deed pursuant to the Act of February 
26, 1948 (62 Stat. 35; 43 U.S.C. 732-737), with the townsite trustee. 
The application must be in writing and must contain a description of the 
land claimed and information regarding the competency of the applicant. 
It must also contain evidence substantiating the claim and occupancy of 
the applicant, except when the applicant has been issued a restricted 
deed for the land. A duplicate copy of the application must be submitted 
by the applicant to the Area Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.



Sec. 2564.7  Determination of competency or noncompetency; issuance of unrestricted deed.

    (a) Upon a determination by the Bureau of Indian Affairs that the 
applicant is competent to manage his own affairs, and in the absence of 
any conflict or other valid objection, the townsite trustee will issue 
an unrestricted deed to the applicant. Thereafter all restrictions as to 
sale, encumbrance, or taxation of the land applied for shall be removed, 
but the said land shall not be liable to the satisfaction of any debt, 
except obligations owed to the Federal Government, contracted prior to 
the issuance of such deed. Any adverse action under this section by the 
townsite trustee shall be subject to appeal to the Board of Land 
Appeals, Office of the Secretary, in accordance with part 4 of 43 CFR 
Subtitle A.
    (b) In the event the Area Director determines that the applicant is 
not competent to manage his own affairs, he shall so inform the 
applicant, and such applicant shall have a right of appeal

[[Page 147]]

from such finding or decision to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 
within 60 days from the date of notification of such finding or 
decision. The appeal shall be filed with the Area Director. Should the 
Commissioner uphold the decision of the Area Director, he shall notify 
the applicant of such action, informing him of his right of appeal to 
the Secretary of the Interior.
    (c) Except as provided in this section, the townsite trustee shall 
not issue other than restricted deeds to Indian or other Alaska natives.

(43 U.S.C. 733-735, 737)

[35 FR 9601, June 13, 1970, as amended at 41 FR 29122, July 15, 1976]



                    Subpart 2565_Non-native Townsites

    Source: 35 FR 9601, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2565.0-3  Authority.

    The entry of public lands in Alaska for townsite purposes, by such 
trustee or trustees as may be named by the Secretary of the Interior for 
that purpose, is authorized by section 11 of the Act of March 3, 1891 
(sec. 11, 26 Stat. 1099; 43 U.S.C. 732).



Sec. 2565.0-7  Cross reference.

    Townsites in Alaska may be reserved by the President and sold as 
provided for in sections 2380 and 2381 of the Revised Statutes; 43 
U.S.C. 711, 712. The regulations governing these townsites are contained 
in Sec. Sec. 2760.0-3 and 2761.3.



Sec. 2565.1  General requirements.

    (a) Survey of exterior lines; exclusions from townsite survey. If 
the land is unsurveyed the occupants must by application to the State 
Director, obtain a survey of the exterior lines of the townsite which 
will be made at Government expense. There must be excluded from the 
tract to be surveyed and entered for the townsite any lands set aside by 
the district court under section 31 of the Act of June 6, 1900 (31 Stat. 
332; 48 U.S.C. 40), for use as jail and courthouse sites, also all lands 
needed for Government purposes or use, together with any existing valid 
claim initiated under Russian rule.
    (b) Petition for trustee and for survey of lands into lots, blocks, 
etc. When the survey of the exterior lines has been approved, or if the 
townsite is on surveyed land, a petition, signed by a majority of 
occupants of the land, will be filed in the proper office requesting the 
appointment of trustee and the survey of the townsite into lots, blocks, 
and municipal reservations for public use, the expense thereof to be 
paid from assessments upon the lots, as provided in Sec. 2565.3(b) of 
this part.
    (c) Designation of trustee; payment required: area enterable. If the 
petition be found sufficient, the Secretary of the Interior will 
designate a trustee to make entry of the townsite, payment for which 
must be made at the rate of $1.25 per acre. If there are less than 100 
inhabitants the area of the townsite is limited to 160 acres; if 100 and 
less than 200, to 320 acres; if more than 200, to 640 acres, this being 
the maximum area allowed by the statute.



Sec. 2565.2  Application; fees; contests and protests.

    (a) Filing of application; publication and posting; submission of 
proof. The trustee will file his application and notice of intention to 
make proof, and thereupon the authorizing officer will issue the usual 
notice of making proof, to be posted and published at the trustee's 
expense, for the time and in the manner as in other cases provided, and 
proof must be made showing occupancy of the tract, number of inhabitants 
thereon, character of the land, extent, value, and character of 
improvements, and that the townsite does not contain any land occupied 
by the United States for school or other purposes or land occupied under 
any existing valid claim initiated under Russian rule.
    (b) Application service fee. The trustee's application shall be 
accompanied by $10 application service fee which shall not be 
returnable.
    (c) Expense money to be advanced by lot occupants. The occupants 
will advance a sufficient amount of money to pay for the land and the 
expenses incident to the entry to be refunded to them when realized from 
lot assessments.

[[Page 148]]

    (d) Contests and protests. Applications for entry will be subject to 
contest or protest as in other cases.



Sec. 2565.3  Subdivision.

    (a) Subdivision of land and payment therefore. After the entry is 
made, the townsite will be subdivided by the United States into blocks, 
lots, streets, alleys, and municipal public reservations. The expense of 
such survey will be paid from the appropriation for surveys in Alaska 
reimbursable from the lot assessments collected.
    (b) Lot assessments. The trustee will assess against each lot, 
according to area, its share of the cost of the subdivisional survey. 
The trustee will make a valuation of each occupied or improved lot in 
the townsite and assess upon such lots, according to their value, such 
rate and sum in addition to the cost of their share of the survey as 
will be necessary to pay all other expenses incident to the execution of 
his trust which have accrued up to the time of such levy. More than one 
assessment may be made if necessary to effect the purpose of the Act of 
March 3, 1891, and this section.
    (c) Award and disposition of lots after subdivisional survey. On the 
acceptance of the plat by the Bureau of Land Management, the trustee 
will publish a notice that he will, at the end of 30 days from the date 
thereof, proceed to award the lots applied for, and that all lots for 
which no applications are filed within 120 days from the date of said 
notice will be subject to disposition to the highest bidder at public 
sale. Only those who were occupants of lots or entitled to such 
occupancy at the date of the approval of final subdivisional townsite 
survey or their assigns thereafter, are entitled to the allotments 
herein provided. Minority and coverture are not disabilities.



Sec. 2565.4  Deeds.

    (a) Applications for deeds. Claimants should file their applications 
for deeds, setting forth the grounds of their claims for each lot 
applied for, which should be corroborated by two witnesses.
    (b) Issuance of deeds; procedure on conflicting applications. (1) 
Upon receipt of the patent and payment of the assessments the trustee 
will issue deeds for the lots. The deeds will be acknowledged before an 
officer duly authorized to take acknowledgements of deeds at the cost of 
the grantee. In case of conflicting applications for lots, the trustee, 
if he considers it necessary, may order a hearing to be conducted in 
accordance with the part 1850 of this chapter.
    (2) No deed will be issued for any lot involved in a contest until 
the case has been finally closed. Appeals from any decision of the 
trustee or from decisions of the Bureau of Land Management may be taken 
in the manner provided by part 1840 of this chapter.



Sec. 2565.5  Sale of the land.

    (a) Public sale of unclaimed lots. After deeds have been issued to 
the parties entitled thereto the trustee will publish or post notice 
that he will sell, at a designated place in the town and at a time 
named, to be not less than 30 days from date, at public outcry, for 
cash, to the highest bidder, all lots and tracts remaining unoccupied 
and unclaimed at the date of the approval of final subdivisional 
townsite survey, and all lots and tracts claimed and awarded on which 
the assessments have not been paid at the date of such sale. The notice 
shall contain a description of the lots and tracts to be sold, made in 
two separate lists, one containing the lots and tracts unclaimed at the 
date of the approval of final subdivisional townsite survey and the 
other the lots and tracts claimed and awarded on which the assessments 
have not been paid. Should any delinquent allottee, prior to the sale of 
the lot claimed by him, pay the assessments thereon, together with the 
pro rata cost of the publication and the cost of acknowledging deed, a 
deed will be issued to him for such lot, and the lot will not be offered 
at public sale. Where notice by publication is deemed advisable the 
notice will be published once a week for 5 consecutive weeks in 
accordance with Sec. 1824.3 of this chapter prior to the date of sale, 
and in any event copies of such notice shall be posted in three 
conspicuous places within the townsite. Each lot

[[Page 149]]

must be sold at a fair price, to be determined by the trustee, and he is 
authorized to reject any and all bids. Lots remaining unsold at the 
close of the public sale in an unincorporated town may again be offered 
at a fair price if a sufficient demand appears therefor.
    (b) Sales to Federal, State and local governmental agencies. (1) Any 
lot or tract in the townsite which is subject to sale to the highest 
bidder by the trustee pursuant to this section may in lieu of 
disposition at public sale be sold by the trustee at a fair value to be 
fixed by him to any Federal or State agency or instrumentality or to any 
local governmental agency or instrumentality of the State for use for 
public purposes.
    (2) All conveyances under this section shall be subject to such 
conditions, limitations, or stipulations as the trustee shall determine 
are necessary or appropriate in the circumstances, including, where he 
deems proper, a provision for reversion of title to the trustee or his 
successor in interest. Any such provision for reversion of title, 
however, shall by its terms cease to be in effect 25 years after the 
conveyance.
    (3) Conveyances under this section for lands within any incorporated 
city, town, village, or municipality may be made only after the proposed 
conveyance has received the approval of the city, town, or village 
council, or of the local official designated by such council. Such 
conveyances for lands within any unincorporated city, town, village or 
municipality may be made only after notice of the proposed conveyance, 
together with the opportunity to be heard, has been given by the 
proposed grantee to the residents or occupants thereof in accordance 
with the requirements for such notice in the case of the public sale of 
unclaimed lots in a trustee townsite. Any decision of the trustee which 
is adverse to a protest will be subject to the right of appeal under 
part 1840 of this chapter. Upon filing of an appeal pursuant to that 
part, action by the trustee on the conveyance will be suspended pending 
final decision on the appeal.



Sec. 2565.6  Rights-of-way.

    (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this part, the trustee 
is authorized to grant rights-of-way for public purposes across any 
unentered lands within the townsite. This authority is expressly limited 
to grants of rights-of-way to cities, towns, villages, and 
municipalities, and to school, utility, and other types of improvement 
districts, and to persons, associations, companies, and corporations 
engaged in furnishing utility services to the general public, and to the 
United States, any Federal or State agency or instrumentality for use 
for public purposes.
    (b) The trustee may in his discretion fix a reasonable charge for 
any grant under this authority to private persons, associations, 
companies and corporations, and to Federal and State agencies and 
instrumentalities, which charge shall be a lump sum. All grants shall be 
subject to such conditions, limitations, or stipulations as the trustee 
shall determine are necessary or appropriate in the circumstances. No 
grants of rights-of-way under this authority shall be made across or 
upon lands on which prior rights of occupancy or entry have vested under 
the law.
    (c) Grants of rights-of-way under this section to Federal and State 
agencies and instrumentalities to private persons, associations, 
companies, or corporations affecting lands within any incorporated city, 
town, village, or municipality, may be made only after the proposed 
grant has received the approval of the city, town, or village council, 
or, where applicable, the municipal board or commission having authority 
under state law to approve rights-of-way for local public utility 
purposes. Grants of such rights-of-way to Federal and State agencies and 
instrumentalities and to private persons, associations, companies, or 
corporations within unincorporated cities, towns, villages, or 
municipalities may be made only after notice of the proposed grant, 
together with the opportunity to be heard, has been given by the 
proposed grantee to the residents or occupants thereof in accordance 
with the requirements for such notice in the case of the public sale of 
unclaimed lots in a trustee townsite. Any

[[Page 150]]

decision by the trustee which is adverse to a protest will be subject to 
the right of appeal under part 1840 of this chapter. Upon the filing of 
an appeal, action by the trustee on the application for right-of-way 
will be suspended pending final decision on the appeal.



Sec. 2565.7  Final report of trustee; disposition of unexpended moneys and unsold lots.

    After the disposal of a sufficient number of lots to pay all 
expenses incident to the execution of the trust, including the cost of 
the subdivisional survey, the trustee will make and transmit to the 
Bureau of Land Management his final report of his trusteeship, showing 
all amounts received and paid out and the balance remaining on hand 
derived from assessments upon the lots and from the public sale. The 
proceeds derived from such sources, after deducting all expenses, may be 
used by the trustee on direction of the Secretary of the Interior, where 
the town is unincorporated, in making public improvements, or, if the 
town is incorporated such remaining proceeds may be turned over to the 
municipality for the use and benefit thereof. After the public sale and 
upon proof of the incorporation of the town, all lots then remaining 
unsold will be deeded to the municipality, and all municipal public 
reserves will, by a separate deed, be conveyed to the municipality in 
trust for the public purposes for which they were reserved.



Sec. 2565.8  Records to be kept by trustee.

    The trustee shall keep a tract book of the lots and blocks, a record 
of the deeds issued, a contest docket, and a book of receipts and 
disbursements.



Sec. 2565.9  Disposition of records on completion of trust.

    The trustee's duties having been completed, the books of accounts of 
all his receipts and expenditures, together with a record of his 
proceedings as provided in Sec. 2565.8 of this part with all papers, 
other books, and everything pertaining to such townsite in his 
possession and all evidence of his official acts shall be transmitted to 
the Bureau of Land Management to become a part of the records thereof, 
excepting from such papers, however, in case the town is incorporated, 
the subdivisional plat of the townsite, which he will deliver to the 
municipal authorities of the town, together with a copy of the townsite 
tract book or books, taking a receipt therefore to be transmitted to the 
Bureau of Land Management.

(Sec. 11, 26 Stat. 1099; 48 U.S.C. 355)



                 Subpart 2566_Alaska Railroad Townsites

    Source: 35 FR 9603, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2566.0-3  Authority.

    It is hereby ordered that the administration of that portion of the 
Act of March 12, 1914 (38 Stat. 305; 43 U.S.C. 975, 975a-975g) relating 
to the withdrawal, location and disposition of townsites shall be in 
accordance with the following regulations and provisions.
    (a) Orders revoked. All Executive orders heretofore issued for the 
disposition of townsites along the Government railroads in Alaska are 
hereby revoked so far as they conflict with Sec. Sec. 2566.1 and 
2566.2. This order is intended to take the place of all other orders 
making provisions for the sale and disposal of lots in said townsites 
along Government railroads in Alaska under the provisions of said Act.
    (b) Amendments--(1) Executive Orders 3529 and 5136. Sections 2566.1 
and 2566.2 are amended by E.O. 3529, Aug. 9, 1921 and E.O. 5136, June 
12, 1929.
    (2) The designation of the Alaskan Engineering Commission has been 
changed to The Alaska Railroad. All matters which formerly were under 
the control of the chairman of said commission now are under the 
supervision of the general manager of the said railroad. The functions 
formerly exercised by the Commissioner of the General Land Office have 
been transferred to the Director, Bureau of Land Management.
    (3) Due to the change in organization, plats of Alaska Railroad 
townsites are not approved by an official of the Alaska Railroad.

[[Page 151]]

    (4) The State Director in Alaska has been designated as 
Superintendent of Sales of Alaska Railroad townsites.
    (c) Executive Order 5136. (1) It is ordered that Executive Order 
3489, issued June 10, 1921, containing the Alaska Railroad Townsite 
Regulations, is hereby amended to authorize the Secretary of the 
Interior to reappraise and sell the unimproved lots in Nenana Townsite, 
Alaska, belonging to the United States, and to readjust the assessments 
levied against them for the improvement of streets, sidewalks, and 
alleys, and for the promotion of sanitation and fire protection by the 
Alaska Railroad prior to August 31, 1921.
    (2) As to the lots within said townsite which have been forfeited 
for failure to pay such assessments, upon which valuable improvements 
have been placed, the provisions of said order regarding the collection 
of the unpaid assessments remain effective.
    (3) This order shall continue in full force and effect unless and 
until revoked by the President or by Act of Congress.

(Sec. 24, 26 Stat. 1103; as amended, sec. 1, 36 Stat. 347; sec. 1, 38 
Stat. 305; sec. 11, 39 Stat. 865; 16 U.S.C. 471, 43 U.S.C. 141, 43 
U.S.C. 975f, 43 U.S.C. 301)



Sec. 2566.0-7  Cross references.

    (a) Sales of railroad townsites in Alaska, provided for by Executive 
Order 3489 of June 10, 1921, Sec. Sec. 2566.1(a) to (f) and 2566.0-
3(a), will be made by the authorized officer in Alaska, as 
superintendent of sales of railroad townsites in accordance with 
townsite regulations contained in Sec. Sec. 2760.0-3 to 2761.2(e) so 
far as those regulations are applicable.
    (b) For surveys, Alaska, see part 9180 of this chapter. For 
townsites, Alaska, see Sec. 2565.0-7.



Sec. 2566.1  General procedures.

    (a) Reservations. The Alaska Railroad will file with the Secretary 
of the Interior, when deemed necessary, its recommendations for the 
reservation of such areas as in its opinion may be needed for townsite 
purposes. The Secretary of the Interior will thereupon transmit such 
recommendations to the President with his objections thereto or 
concurrence therewith. If approved by the President, the reservation 
will be made by Executive order.
    (b) Survey. When in the opinion of the Secretary of the Interior the 
public interests require a survey of any such reservation, he shall 
cause to be set aside such portions thereof for railroad purposes as may 
be selected by the Alaska Railroad, and cause the remainder, or any part 
thereof, to be surveyed into urban or suburban blocks and lots of 
suitable size, and into reservations for parks, schools, and other 
public purposes and for Government use. Highways should be laid out, 
where practicable, along all shore lines, and sufficient land for docks 
and wharf purposes along such shore lines should be reserved in such 
places as there is any apparent necessity therefor. The survey will be 
made under the supervision of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (c) Preference right. Any person residing in a reserved townsite at 
the time of the subdivisional survey thereof in the field and owning and 
having valuable and permanent improvements thereon, may, in the 
discretion of the Secretary of the Interior, be granted a preference 
right of entry, of not exceeding two lots on which he may have such 
improvements by paying the appraised price fixed by the superintendent 
of sale, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Interior may 
prescribe. Preference right proof and entry, when granted, must be made 
prior to the date of the public sale.



Sec. 2566.2  Public sale.

    (a) Generally. The unreserved and unsold lots will be offered at 
public sale to the highest bidder at such time and place, and after such 
publication of notice, if any, as the Secretary of the Interior may 
direct.
    (b) Superintendent's authority. Under the supervision of the 
Secretary of the Interior the superintendent of the sale will be, and he 
is hereby, authorized to make all appraisements of lots and at any time 
to reappraise any lot which in his judgment is not appraised at the 
proper amount, or to fix a minimum price for any lot below which it may 
not be sold, and he may adjourn, or postpone the sale of any lots to 
such time and place as he may deem proper.

[[Page 152]]

    (c) Manner and terms of public sale. (1) The Secretary of the 
Interior shall by regulations prescribe the manner of conducting the 
public sale, the terms thereof and forms therefor and he may prescribe 
what failures in payment will subject the bidder or purchaser to a 
forfeiture of his bid or right to the lot claimed and money paid 
thereon. The superintendent of sale will at the completion of the public 
sale deposit with the receiver of the proper local land office the money 
received and file with its officers the papers deposited with him by 
said bidder, together with his certificate as to successful bidder.
    (2) If it be deemed advisable, the Director, Bureau of Land 
Management may direct the receiver of public moneys of the proper 
district to attend sales herein provided for in which event the cash 
payment required shall be paid to the said receiver.



       Subpart 2568_Alaska Native Allotments For Certain Veterans

    Source: 65 FR 40961, June 30, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

                                 Purpose



Sec. 2568.10  What Alaska Native allotment benefits are available to 
certain Alaska Native veterans?

    Eligible Alaska Native veterans may receive an allotment of one or 
two parcels of Federal land in Alaska totaling no more than 160 acres.

                          Regulatory Authority



Sec. 2568.20  What is the legal authority for these allotments?

    (a) The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, 43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq. 
(ANCSA), as amended.
    (b) Section 432 of Public Law 105-276, the Appropriations Act for 
the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development 
for fiscal year 1999, 43 U.S.C. 1629g, which amended ANCSA by adding 
section 41.
    (c) Section 301 of Public Law 106-559, the Indian Tribal Justice 
Technical and Legal Assistance Act of 2000, which amended section 41 of 
ANCSA.
    (d) The Native Allotment Act of 1906, 34 Stat. 197, as amended, 42 
Stat. 415 and 70 Stat. 954, 43 U.S.C. 270-1 through 270-3 (1970).

[65 FR 40961, June 30, 2000, as amended at 66 FR 52547, Oct. 16, 2001]



Sec. 2568.21  Do other regulations directly apply to these regulations?

    Yes. The regulations implementing the Native Allotment Act of 1906, 
43 CFR Subpart 2561, also apply to Alaska Native Veteran Allotments to 
the extent they are not inconsistent with section 41 of ANCSA or other 
provisions in this Subpart.

                               Definitions



Sec. 2568.30  What terms do I need to know to understand these regulations?

    Alaska Native is defined in the Native Allotment Act of 1906 as 
amended by the Act of August 2, 1956, 70 Stat. 954.
    Allotment has the same meaning as in 43 CFR 2561.0-5(b).
    Conservation System Unit has the same meaning as under Sec. 102(4) 
of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of December 2, 
1980, 16 U.S.C. 3102(4).
    Consistent and inconsistent mean compatible and incompatible, 
respectively, in accordance with the guidelines in these regulations in 
Sec. Sec. 2568.102 through 2568.106.
    Veteran has the same meaning as in 38 U.S.C. 101, paragraph 2.

                         Information Collection



Sec. 2568.40  Does BLM have the authority to ask me for the information required in these regulations?

    (a) Yes. The Office of Management and Budget has approved, under 44 
U.S.C. 3507, the information collection requirements contained in 
Subpart 2568 and has assigned them clearance number 1004-0191 for Form 
AK-2561-10. BLM uses this information to determine if using the public 
lands is appropriate. You must respond to obtain a benefit.
    (b) BLM estimates that the public reporting burden for this 
information is as follows: 28 hours per response to fill out form AK-
2561-10. These estimates include the time for reviewing instruction, 
searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data

[[Page 153]]

needed and completing the collection of information.
    (c) Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect 
of this collection to the Information Collection Clearance Officer, 
Bureau of Land Management, 1849 C St. N.W., Mail Stop 401 LS, 
Washington, D.C. 20240.

                    Who Is Qualified for an Allotment



Sec. 2568.50  What qualifications do I need to be eligible for an allotment?

    To qualify for an allotment you must:
    (a) Have been eligible for an allotment under the Native Allotment 
Act as it was in effect before December 18, 1971; and
    (b) Establish that you used land in accordance with the regulation 
in effect before December 18, 1971, and that the land is still owned by 
the Federal government; and
    (c) Be a veteran who served at least six months between January 1, 
1969, and December 31, 1971, or enlisted or was drafted after June 2, 
1971, but before December 3, 1971; and
    (d) Not have already received conveyance or approval of an 
allotment. (However, if you are otherwise qualified to receive an 
allotment under the Alaska Native Veterans Allotment Act, you will still 
qualify even if you received another allotment interest by inheritance, 
devise, gift, or purchase); and
    (e) Not have a Native allotment application pending on October 21, 
1998; and
    (f) Reside in the State of Alaska or, in the case of a deceased 
veteran, have been a resident of Alaska at the time of death.

[65 FR 40961, June 30, 2000, as amended at 66 FR 52547, Oct. 16, 2001]

                        Personal Representatives



Sec. 2568.60  May the personal representatives of eligible deceased veterans apply on their behalf?

    Yes. The personal representative or special administrator, appointed 
in the appropriate Alaska State court proceeding, may apply for an 
allotment for the benefit of a deceased veteran's heirs if the deceased 
veteran served in South East Asia at any time during the period 
beginning August 5, 1964, and ending December 31, 1971, and during that 
period the deceased veteran:
    (a) Was killed in action,
    (b) Was wounded in action and later died as a direct consequence of 
that wound, as determined and certified by the Department of Veterans 
Affairs, or
    (c) Died while a prisoner of war.

[65 FR 40961, June 30, 2000, as amended at 66 FR 52547, Oct. 16, 2001]



Sec. 2568.61  What are the requirements for a personal representative?

    The person filing the application must present proof of a current 
appointment as personal representative of the estate of the deceased 
veteran by the proper court, or proof that this appointment process has 
begun.



Sec. 2568.62  Under what circumstances does BLM accept the appointment of a personal representative?

    BLM will accept an appointment of personal representative made any 
time after an eligible person dies, even if that appointment came before 
enactment of the Alaska Native Veterans Allotment Act.



Sec. 2568.63  Under what circumstances does BLM reject the appointment of a personal representative?

    If the appointment process is incomplete at the time of allotment 
application filing, the prospective personal representative must file 
the proof of appointment with BLM within 18 months after the application 
filing deadline or BLM will reject the application.



Sec. 2568.64  Are there different requirements for giving an allotment to the estate of a deceased veteran?

    No, the estate of the deceased veteran eligible under Sec. 2568.60 
must meet the same requirements for a Native allotment as other living 
Alaska Native veterans. In addition, a deceased veteran must have been a 
resident of Alaska at the time of death.

[[Page 154]]

                        Applying for an Allotment



Sec. 2568.70  If I am qualified for an allotment, when can I apply?

    If you are qualified, you can apply between July 31, 2000 and 
January 31, 2002.



Sec. 2568.71  Where do I file my application?

    You must file your application in person or by mail with the BLM 
Alaska State Office in Anchorage, Alaska.



Sec. 2568.72  When does BLM consider my application to be filed too late?

    BLM will consider applications to be filed too late if they are:
    (a) Submitted in person after the deadline in section 2568.70, or
    (b) Postmarked after the deadline in section 2568.70.



Sec. 2568.73  Do I need to fill out a special application form?

    Yes. You must complete form no. AK-2561-10, ``Alaska Native Veteran 
Allotment Application.''



Sec. 2568.74  What else must I file with my application?

    You must also file:
    (a) A Certificate of Indian Blood (CIB), which is a Bureau of Indian 
Affairs form,
    (b) A DD Form 214 ``Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active 
Duty'' or other documentation from the Department of Defense (DOD) to 
verify military service, as well as any information on cause of death 
supplied by the Department of Veterans Affairs,
    (c) A map at a scale of 1:63,360 or larger, sufficient to locate on-
the-ground the land for which you are applying, and
    (d) A legal description of the land for which you are applying. If 
there is a discrepancy between the map and the legal description, the 
map will control. The map must be sufficient to allow BLM to locate the 
parcel on the ground. You must also estimate the number of acres in each 
parcel.

[65 FR 40961, June 30, 2000, as amended at 71 FR 54202, Sept. 14, 2006]



Sec. 2568.75  Must I include a Certificate of Indian Blood as well as a Department
of Defense verification of qualifying military service when I file my 

          application with BLM?

    Yes.
    (a) If the CIB or DOD verification of qualifying military service is 
missing when you file the application, BLM will ask you to provide the 
information within the time specified in a notice. BLM will not process 
the application until you file the necessary documents but will consider 
the application as having been filed on time.
    (b) A personal representative filing on behalf of the estate of a 
deceased veteran must file the Department of Veterans Affairs 
verification of cause of death.



Sec. 2568.76  Do I need to pay any fees when I file my application?

    No. You do not need to pay a fee to file an application.



Sec. 2568.77  [Reserved]



Sec. 2568.78  Will my application segregate the land for which I am applying from
other applications or land actions?

    The filing of an application with a sufficient description to 
identify the lands will segregate those lands. ``Segregation'' has the 
same meaning as in 43 CFR 2091.0-5(b).



Sec. 2568.79  Are there any rules about the number and size of parcels?

    Yes. You may apply for one or two parcels, but if you apply for two 
parcels the two combined cannot total more than 160 acres. You may apply 
for less than 160 acres. Each parcel must be reasonably compact.



Sec. 2568.80  Does the parcel have to be surveyed before I can receive title to it?

    Yes. The land in your application must be surveyed before BLM can 
convey it to you. BLM will survey your allotment at no charge to you, or 
you may obtain a private survey. BLM must approve the survey if it is 
done by a private surveyor.

[[Page 155]]



Sec. 2568.81  If BLM finds errors in my application, will BLM give 
me a chance to correct them?

    Yes. If you file your application during the 18-month filing period 
and BLM finds correctable errors, it will consider the application as 
having been filed on time once you correct them. BLM will send you a 
notice advising you of any correctable errors and give you at least 60 
days to correct them. You must make corrections within the specified 
time or BLM will reject your application.



Sec. 2568.82  If BLM decides that I have not submitted enough information to
show qualifying use and occupancy, will it reject my application or give me a 

          chance to submit more information?

    (a) BLM will not reject your application without giving you an 
opportunity for a hearing to establish the facts of your use.
    (b) If BLM cannot determine from the information you submit that you 
met the use and occupancy requirements of the 1906 Act, it will send you 
a notice saying that you have not submitted enough evidence and will 
give you at least 60 days to file additional information.
    (c) If you do not submit additional evidence by the end of the time 
BLM gives you or if you submit additional evidence but BLM still cannot 
determine that you meet the use and occupancy requirements, the 
following process will occur:
    (1) BLM will issue a formal contest complaint telling you why it 
believes it should reject your application.
    (2) If you answer the complaint and tell BLM you want a hearing, BLM 
will ask an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) of the Interior Department, 
Office of Hearings and Appeals, to preside over a hearing to establish 
the facts of your use and occupancy.
    (3) The ALJ will evaluate all the written evidence and oral 
testimony and issue a decision.
    (4) You can appeal this decision to the Interior Board of Land 
Appeals according to 43 CFR part 4.

                        Available Lands--General



Sec. 2568.90  If I qualify for an allotment, what land may BLM convey to me?

    You may receive title only to:
    (a) Land that:
    (1) Is currently owned by the Federal government,
    (2) Was vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved when you first began 
to use and occupy it,
    (3) Has not been continuously withdrawn since before your sixth 
birthday,
    (4) You started using before December 14, 1968, the date when Public 
Land Order 4582 withdrew all unreserved public lands in Alaska from all 
forms of appropriation and disposition under the public land laws, and
    (5) You prove by a preponderance of the evidence that you used and 
occupied in a substantially continuous and independent manner, at least 
potentially exclusive of others, for five or more years. This possession 
of the land must not be merely intermittent. ``Preponderance of 
evidence'' means evidence which is more convincing than the evidence 
offered in opposition to it; that is, evidence which as a whole shows 
that the fact you are trying to prove is more likely a fact than not.
    (b) Substitute land explained in 43 CFR 2568.110.



Sec. 2568.91  Is there land owned by the Federal government that BLM
cannot convey to me even if I qualify?

    You cannot receive an allotment containing any of the following:
    (a) A regularly used and recognized campsite that is primarily used 
by someone other than yourself. The campsite area that you cannot 
receive is that which is actually used as a campsite.
    (b) Land presently selected by, but not conveyed to, the State of 
Alaska. The State may relinquish up to 160 acres of its selection to 
allow an eligible Native veteran to receive an allotment;
    (c) Land presently selected by, but not conveyed to, a Native 
corporation as defined in 43 U.S.C. 1602(m). A Native corporation may 
relinquish up to 160 acres of its selection to allow an eligible Native 
veteran to receive an allotment, as long as the remaining

[[Page 156]]

ANCSA selection comports with the appropriate selection rules in 43 CFR 
2650. Any such relinquishment must not cause the corporation to become 
underselected. See 43 U.S.C. 1621(j)(2) for a definition of 
underselection;
    (d) Land designated as wilderness by statute;
    (e) Land acquired by the Federal government through gift, purchase, 
or exchange;
    (f) Land containing any development owned or controlled by a unit of 
government, or a person other than yourself;
    (g) Land withdrawn or reserved for national defense, other than the 
National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska;
    (h) National Forest land; or
    (i) Land selected or claimed, but not yet conveyed, under a public 
land law, including but not limited to the following:
    (1) Land within a recorded mining claim;
    (2) Home sites;
    (3) Trade and manufacturing sites;
    (4) Reindeer sites and headquarters sites;
    (5) Cemetery sites.



Sec. 2568.92  [Reserved]



Sec. 2568.93  Is there a limit to how much water frontage my allotment
can include?

    Yes, in some cases. You will normally be limited to a half-mile 
(referred to as 160 rods in the regulations at 43 CFR part 2094) along 
the shore of a navigable water body. If you apply for land that extends 
more than a half-mile, BLM will treat your application as a request to 
waive this limitation. As explained in 43 CFR 2094.2, BLM can waive the 
half-mile limitation if it determines the land is not needed for a 
harborage, wharf, or boat landing area, and that a waiver would not harm 
the public interest.



Sec. 2568.94  Can I receive an allotment of land that is valuable for minerals?

    BLM can convey an allotment that is known to be or believed to be 
valuable for coal, oil, or gas, but the ownership of these minerals 
remains with the Federal government. BLM cannot convey to you land 
valuable for other kinds of minerals such as gold, silver, sand or 
gravel. If BLM conveys an allotment that is valuable for coal, oil, or 
gas, the allottee owns all minerals in the land except those expressly 
reserved to the United States in the conveyance.



Sec. 2568.95  Will BLM try to reacquire land that has been conveyed out of
Federal ownership so it can convey that land to a Native veteran?

    No. The Alaska Native Veterans Allotment Act does not give BLM the 
authority to reacquire former Federal land in order to convey it to a 
Native veteran.

            Available Lands--Conservation System Units (CSU)



Sec. 2568.100  What is a CSU?

    A CSU is an Alaska unit of the National Park System, National 
Wildlife Refuge System, National Wild and Scenic Rivers System, National 
Trails System, National Wilderness Preservation System, or a National 
Forest Monument.



Sec. 2568.101  If the land I used and occupied is within a CSU other than a 
National Wilderness or any part of a National Forest, can I receive a title to it?

    You may receive title if you qualify for that allotment and the 
managing agency of the CSU agrees that conveyance of that allotment is 
not inconsistent with the purposes of the CSU.



Sec. 2568.102  Is the process by which the managing agency decides whether my 
allotment is not inconsistent with the CSU the same as other such determination 

          processes?

    No. This process is unique to this regulation. It should not be 
confused with any similar process under any other act, including the 
incompatibility process under the National Wildlife Refuge System 
Improvement Act of 1997.



Sec. 2568.103  By what process does the managing agency of a CSU decide if
my allotment would be consistent with the CSU?

    (a) BLM conducts a field exam, with you or your representative, to 
check the boundaries of the land for which

[[Page 157]]

you are applying and to look for signs of use and occupancy. The CSU 
manager or a designated representative may also attend the field exam.
    (b) The CSU manager or representative assesses the resources to 
determine if the allotment would be consistent with CSU purposes at that 
location. You may submit any other information for the CSU manager to 
consider. You or your representative may also accompany the CSU 
representative on any field exam.
    (c) The CSU manager submits a written decision and resource 
assessment to BLM within 18 months of the BLM field exam. The CSU 
manager will send you a copy of the decision and a copy of the resource 
assessment.



Sec. 2568.104  How will a CSU manager determine if my allotment is 
consistent with the CSU?

    The CSU manager will decide this on a case-by-case basis by 
considering the law or withdrawal order which created the CSU. The law 
or withdrawal order explains the purposes for which the CSU was created. 
The manager would also consider the mission of the CSU managing agency 
as established in law and policy. The manager will also consider how the 
cumulative impacts of the various activities that could take place on 
the allotment might affect the CSU.



Sec. 2568.105  In what situations could a CSU manager likely find an allotment
to be consistent with the CSU?

    An allotment could generally be consistent with the purposes of the 
CSU if:
    (a) The allotment for which you qualify is located near land that 
BLM has conveyed to a Native corporation under ANCSA, or,
    (b) A Native corporation has selected the land under ANCSA and has 
said it would relinquish such selection, as long as the remaining ANCSA 
selection comports with the appropriate selection rules in 43 CFR 2650. 
Any relinquishment must not cause the corporation to become 
underselected. See 43 U.S.C. 1621(j)(2) for a definition of 
underselection.



Sec. 2568.106  In what situations could a CSU manager generally find an
allotment to be inconsistent with the purposes of a CSU?

    An allotment could generally be inconsistent in situations 
including, but not limited to, the following:
    (a) If, by itself or as part of a group of allotments, it could 
significantly interfere with biological, physical, cultural, scenic, 
recreational, natural quiet or subsistence values of the CSU.
    (b) If, by itself or as part of a group of allotments, it obstructs 
access by the public or managing agency to the resource values of 
surrounding CSU lands.
    (c) If, by itself or as part of a group of allotments, it could 
trigger development or future uses in an area that would adversely 
affect resource values of surrounding CSU lands.
    (d) If it is isolated from existing private properties and opens an 
area of a CSU to new access and uses that adversely affect resource 
values of the surrounding CSU lands.
    (e) If it interferes with the implementation of the CSU management 
plan.

                         Alternative Allotments



Sec. 2568.110  If I qualify for Federal land in one of the categories BLM cannot
convey, is there any other way for me to receive an allotment?

    Yes. If you qualify for land in one of the categories listed in 
section 2568.91 which BLM cannot convey, you may choose an alternative 
allotment from the following types of land within the same ANCSA Region 
as the land for which you originally qualified:
    (a) Land within an original withdrawal under section 11(a)(1) of 
ANCSA for selection by a Village Corporation which was:
    (1) Not selected,
    (2) Selected and later relinquished, or
    (3) Selected and later rejected by BLM;
    (b) Land outside of, but touching a boundary of a Village 
withdrawal, not including land described in section 2568.91 or land 
within a National Park; or
    (c) Vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved land. (For purposes of 
this section, the term ``unreserved'' includes

[[Page 158]]

land withdrawn solely under the authority of section 17(d)(1) of ANCSA.)



Sec. 2568.111  What if BLM decides that I qualify for land that is in
the category of Federal land that BLM cannot convey?

    BLM will notify you in writing that you are eligible to choose an 
alternative allotment from lands described in section 2568.110.



Sec. 2568.112  What do I do if BLM notifies me that I am eligible to choose 
an alternative allotment?

    You must file a request for an alternative allotment in the Alaska 
State Office as stated in section 2568.71 and follow all the 
requirements you did for your original allotment application.



Sec. 2568.113  Do I have to prove that I used and occupied the land I've chosen
as an alternative allotment?

    No. If BLM cannot convey the allotment for which you originally 
apply, and you are eligible to choose an alternative allotment, you do 
not have to prove that you used and occupied the land in the alternative 
location.



Sec. 2568.114  How do I apply for an alternative allotment if the CSU manager
determines my application is inconsistent with a CSU?

    You should contact the appropriate CSU manager as quickly as 
possible to discuss resource concerns, potential constraints, and 
impacts on existing management plans. After you do this you must file a 
request for an alternative allotment with the BLM Alaska State Office as 
stated in section 2568.71 and follow all the requirements of the 
original allotment application. If the alternative allotment land is 
also in the CSU, the CSU manager will evaluate it to determine if 
conveyance of an allotment there would be inconsistent with the CSU as 
well.



Sec. 2568.115  When must I apply for an alternative allotment if the CSU manager
determines my application is inconsistent with a CSU?

    Your application for an alternative allotment must be filed:
    (a) Within 12 months of when you receive a decision from a CSU 
manager that says your original allotment is inconsistent with the 
purposes of the CSU or,
    (b) Within six months of when you receive a decision from the CSU 
manager on your request for reconsideration of the original decision 
affirming that your original allotment is inconsistent with the purposes 
of the CSU, or
    (c) Within three months of the date an appellate decision from the 
appropriate Federal official becomes final. This official will be 
either:
    (1) The Regional Director of the National Park Service (NPS),
    (2) The Regional Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
(USFWS), or
    (3) The BLM Alaska State Director

                                 Appeals



Sec. 2568.120  What can I do if I disagree with any of the decisions that
are made about my allotment application?

    You may appeal all decisions, except for CSU inconsistency decisions 
or determinations by the Department of Veterans Affairs, to the Interior 
Board of Land Appeals under 43 CFR Part 4.



Sec. 2568.121  If an agency determines my allotment is inconsistent with 
the purposes of a CSU, what can I do if I disagree?

    (a) You may request reconsideration of a CSU manager's decision by 
sending a signed request to that manager.
    (b) The request for reconsideration must be submitted in person or 
correctly addressed and postmarked to the CSU manager no later than 90 
calendar days of when you received the decision.
    (c) The request for reconsideration must include:
    (1) The BLM case file number of the application and parcel, and
    (2) Your reason(s) for filing the reconsideration, and any new 
pertinent information.



Sec. 2568.122  What then does the CSU manager do with my request for reconsideration?

    (a) The CSU manager will reconsider the original inconsistency 
decision and send you a written decision within 45 calendar days after 
he or she receives your request. The 45 days may be extended for a good 
reason in which case you would be notified of the extension

[[Page 159]]

in writing. The reconsideration decision will give the CSU Manager's 
reasons for this new decision and it will summarize the evidence that 
the CSU manager used.
    (b) The reconsideration decision will provide information on how to 
appeal if you disagree with it.



Sec. 2568.123  Can I appeal the CSU Manager's reconsidered decision if I disagree with it?

    (a) Yes. If you or your legal representative disagree with the 
decision you may appeal to the appropriate Federal official designated 
in the appeal information you receive with the decision. That official 
will be either the NPS Regional Director, the USFWS Regional Director, 
or the BLM Alaska State Director, depending on the CSU where your 
proposed allotment is located.
    (b) Your appeal must:
    (1) Be in writing,
    (2) Be submitted in person to the CSU manager or correctly addressed 
and postmarked no later than 45 calendar days of when you received the 
reconsidered decision.
    (3) State any legal or factual reason(s) why you believe the 
decision is wrong. You may include any additional evidence or arguments 
to support your appeal.
    (c) The CSU manager will send your appeal to the appropriate Federal 
official, which is either the NPS Regional Director, the USFWS Regional 
Director, or the BLM Alaska State Director.
    (d) You may present oral testimony to the appropriate Federal 
official to clarify issues raised in the written record.
    (e) The appropriate Federal official will send you his or her 
written decision within 45 calendar days of when he or she receives your 
appeal. The 45 days may be extended for good reason in which case you 
would be notified of the extension in writing.
    (f) The decision of the appropriate Federal official is the final 
administrative decision of the Department of the Interior.



Group 2600_Disposition; Grants--Table of Contents






PART 2610_CAREY ACT GRANTS--Table of Contents




                 Subpart 2610_Carey Act Grants, General

Sec.
2610.0-2 Objectives.
2610.0-3 Authority.
2610.0-4 Responsibilities.
2610.0-5 Definitions.
2610.0-7 Background.
2610.0-8 Lands subject to application.

        Subpart 2611_Segregation Under the Carey Act: Procedures

2611.1 Applications.
2611.1-1 Applications for determination of suitability and availability 
          of lands.
2611.1-2 Determination of suitability and availability of lands.
2611.1-3 Application for grant contract.
2611.1-4 Approval of plan and contract.
2611.1-5 Priority of Carey Act applications.
2611.2 Period of segregation.
2611.3 Rights-of-way over other public lands.

                    Subpart 2612_Issuance of Patents

2612.1 Lists for patents.
2612.2 Publication of lists for patents.
2612.3 Issuance of patents.

             Subpart 2613_Preference Right Upon Restoration

2613.0-3 Authority.
2613.1 Allowance of filing of applications.
2613.2 Applications.
2613.3 Allowance of preference right.

    Authority: Sec. 4 of the Act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stat. 422), as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 641), known as the Carey Act.

    Source: 45 FR 34232, May 21, 1980, unless otherwise noted.



                 Subpart 2610_Carey Act Grants, General



Sec. 2610.0-2  Objectives.

    The objective of section 4 of the Act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stat. 
422), as amended (43 U.S.C. 641 et seq.), known as the Carey Act, is to 
aid public land States in the reclamation of the desert lands therein, 
and the settlement, cultivation, and sale thereof in small tracts to 
actual settlers.

[[Page 160]]



Sec. 2610.0-3  Authority.

    (a) The Carey Act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior, with the 
approval of the President, to contract and agree to grant and patent to 
States, in which there are desert lands, not to exceed 1,000,000 acres 
of such lands to each State, under the conditions specified in the Act. 
The Secretary is authorized to contract and agree to grant and patent 
additional lands to certain States. After a State's application for a 
grant has been approved by the Secretary, the lands are segregated from 
the public domain for a period of from 3 to 15 years, the State 
undertaking within that time to cause the reclamation of the lands by 
irrigation. The lands, when reclaimed, are patented to the States or to 
actual settlers who are its assignees. If the lands are patented to the 
State, the State transfers title to the settler. Entries are limited to 
160 acres to each actual settler.
    (b) The Act of June 11, 1896 (29 Stat. 434; 43 U.S.C. 642), 
authorizes liens on the land for the cost of construction of the 
irrigation works, and permits the issuance of patents to States for 
particular tracts actually reclaimed without regard to settlement or 
cultivation.
    (c) The Act of March 1, 1907 (34 Stat. 1056), extends the provisions 
of the Carey Act to the former Southern Ute Indian Reservation in 
Colorado.
    (d) The Joint Resolution approved May 25, 1908 (35 Stat. 577), 
authorizes grants to the State of Idaho of an additional 1,000,000 
acres.
    (e) The Act of May 27, 1908 (35 Stat. 347; 43 U.S.C. 645), 
authorizes grants of an additional 1,000,000 acres to the State of Idaho 
and the State of Wyoming.
    (f) The Act of February 24, 1909 (35 Stat. 644; 43 U.S.C. 647), 
extends the provisions of the Carey Act to the former Ute Indian 
Reservation in Colorado.
    (g) The Act of February 16, 1911 (36 Stat. 913), extends the Carey 
Act to the former Fort Bridger Military Reservation in Wyoming.
    (h) The Act of February 21, 1911 (36 Stat. 925; 43 U.S.C. 523-524), 
permits the sale of surplus water by the United States Bureau of 
Reclamation for use upon Carey Act lands.
    (i) The Act of March 4, 1911 (36 Stat. 1417; 43 U.S.C. 645), 
authorizes grants to the State of Nevada of an additional 1,000,000 
acres.
    (j) The Joint Resolution of August 21, 1911 (37 Stat. 38; 43 U.S.C. 
645), authorizes grants to the State of Colorado of an additional 
1,000,000 acres.



Sec. 2610.0-4  Responsibilities.

    (a) The authority of the Secretary of the Interior to approve the 
applications provided for in this part, has been delegated to the 
Director of the Bureau of Land Management and redelegated to State 
Directors of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (b) The grant contact must be signed by the Secretary of the 
Interior, or an officer authorized by him, and approved by the 
President.



Sec. 2610.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in the regulations of this part:
    (a) Actual settler means a person who establishes a primary 
residence on the land.
    (b) Cultivation means tilling or otherwise preparing the land and 
keeping the ground in a state favorable for the growth of ordinary 
agricultural crops, and requires irrigation as an attendant act.
    (c) Desert lands means unreclaimed lands which will not, without 
irrigation, produce any reasonably remunerative agricultural crop by 
usual means or methods of cultivation. This includes lands which will 
not, without irrigation, produce paying crops during a series of years, 
but on which crops can be successfully grown in alternate years by means 
of the so-called dry-farming system. Lands which produce native grasses 
sufficient in quantity, if ungrazed by grazing animals, to make an 
ordinary crop of hay in usual seasons, are not desert lands. Lands which 
will produce an agricultural crop of any kind without irrigation in 
amount sufficient to make the cultivation reasonably remunerative are 
not desert. Lands containing sufficient moisture to produce a natural 
growth of trees are not to be classed as desert lands.

[[Page 161]]

    (d) Economic feasibility means the capability of an entry to provide 
an economic return to the settler sufficient to provide a viable farm 
enterprise and assure continued use of the land for farming purposes. 
Factors considered in determining feasibility may include the cost of 
developing or acquiring water, land reclamation costs, land treatment 
costs, the cost of construction or acquisition of a habitable residence, 
acquisition of farm equipment, fencing and other costs associated with a 
farm enterprise, such as water delivery, seed, planting, fertilization, 
harvest, etc.
    (e) Grant contract means the contract between a State and the United 
States which sets the terms and conditions which the State or its 
assignees shall comply with before lands shall be patented.
    (f) Irrigation means the application of water to the land for the 
purpose of growing crops.
    (g) Ordinary agricultural crops means any agricultural product to 
which the land under consideration is generally adapted, and which would 
return a fair reward for the expense of producing them. Ordinary 
agricultural crops do not include forest products, but may include 
orchards and other plants which cannot be grown on the land without 
irrigation and from which a profitable crop may be harvested.
    (h) Reclamation means the establishment of works for conducting 
water in adequate volume and quantity to the land so as to render it 
available for distribution when needed for irrigation and cultivation.
    (i) Segregation means the action under the Act of August 19, 1894 
(39 Stat. 422), as amended (43 U.S.C. 641), by which the lands are 
reserved from the public domain and closed to application or entry under 
the public land laws, including location under the mining laws.
    (j) Smallest legal subdivision means a quarter quarter section (40 
acres).



Sec. 2610.0-7  Background.

    The Carey Act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior, with the 
approval of the President, to contract and agree to grant and patent to 
States, in which there are desert lands, not exceeding 1 million acres 
of such lands to each State, as the State may cause to be reclaimed. The 
State shall also cause not less than 20 acres of each 160 acre tract to 
be cultivated by actual settlers. A number of amendments allowed 
additional acreages for certain States. Colorado, Nevada and Wyoming 
were allowed up to 2 million acres. Idaho was allowed up to 3 million 
acres.



Sec. 2610.0-8  Lands subject to application.

    (a) The lands shall be unreclaimed desert lands capable of producing 
ordinary agricultural crops by irrigation.
    (b) The lands shall be nonmineral, except that lands withdrawn, 
classified or valuable for coal, phosphate, nitrate, potash, sodium, 
sulphur, oil, gas or asphaltic minerals may be applied for subject to a 
reservation of such deposit, as explained in subpart 2093 of this title.
    (c) Lands embraced in mineral permits of leases, or in applications 
for such permits or leases, or classified, withdrawn or reported as 
valuable for any leasable mineral, or lying within the geologic 
structure of a field are subject to the provisions of Sec. Sec. 2093.0-
3 through 2093.0-7 of this title.
    (d) A project or individual entry may consist of 2 or more 
noncontiguous parcels. However, noncontiguous lands should be in a 
pattern compact enough to be managed as an efficient, economic unit.



        Subpart 2611_Segregation Under the Carey Act: Procedures



Sec. 2611.1  Applications.



Sec. 2611.1-1  Applications for determination of suitability and availability of lands.

    The first step in obtaining segregation of lands for Carey Act 
development shall be the filing of an application in the appropriate 
State office of the Bureau of Land Management requesting that the 
authorized officer make a determination regarding the suitability and 
availability of lands for a Carey Act Project. The application shall 
consist of a map of lands proposed to be reclaimed, containing 
sufficient

[[Page 162]]

detail to clearly show which lands are included in the Project, the mode 
of irrigation and the source of water. The map shall bear a 
certification by the State official authorized to file the application 
that the lands are applied for subject to the provisions of subpart 2093 
of this title.



Sec. 2611.1-2  Determination of suitability and availability of lands.

    The authorized officer shall evaluate the suitability and 
availability of the lands for agricultural development under the Carey 
Act utilizing the criteria and procedures in part 2400 of this title.



Sec. 2611.1-3  Application for grant contract.

    If it is determined that lands are suitable and available for 
agricultural development under the Carey Act, the State shall submit the 
following, in duplicate, to the appropriate Bureau of Land Management 
office (43 CFR part 1821):
    (a) A plan of development that includes:
    (1) A report on the economic feasibility of the project and the 
availability of an adequate supply of water to thoroughly irrigate and 
reclaim the lands to raise ordinary agricultural crops.
    (2) Procedures for avoiding or mitigating adverse environmental 
impacts and for rehabilitation of the lands if all or part of the 
project fails.
    (3) A map in sufficient detail to show the proposed major irrigation 
works and the lands to be irrigated. Map material and dimensions shall 
be as prescribed by the authorized officer and shall be drawn to a scale 
not greater than 1,000 feet to 1 inch. The map shall connect canals, 
pipelines larger than 8 inches in diameter, reservoirs and other major 
facilities in relationship to public survey lines or corners, where 
present. The map shall show other data as needed to enable retracement 
of the proposed major irrigation works on the ground. The engineer who 
prepared the map shall certify that the system depicted therein is 
accurately and fully represented and that the system proposed is 
sufficient to fully reclaim the lands.
    (4) Additional data concerning the specifics of the plan and its 
feasibility as required by the authorized officer.
    (b) A grant contract in a form prescribed by the Director, Bureau of 
Land Management, in duplicate, signed by the authorized State official, 
shall also be filed. A carbon copy of the contract shall not be 
accepted. The person who signs the contract on behalf of the State shall 
furnish evidence of his/her authority to do so. The contract shall 
obligate the State to all terms and conditions of the Act and all 
specifications of the approved plan, and shall obligate the United 
States to issue patents to the State upon actual reclamation of the 
lands according to the plan or to settlers who are its assignees, as 
provided in subpart 2093 of this title.



Sec. 2611.1-4  Approval of plan and contract.

    (a) After making a determination that the proposed project is 
economically feasible, that sufficient water can be furnished to 
thoroughly irrigate and reclaim the lands, that measures to avoid or 
mitigate adverse environmental impacts and to rehabilitate the lands if 
the project fails are adequate, and that State laws and regulations 
concerning the disposal of the lands to actual settlers are not contrary 
to the provisions and restrictions of the Act, the authorized officer 
may approve the plan. Before making this determination and approving the 
plan, the authorized officer may, in agreement with the State, modify 
the plan.
    (b) Upon approval of the plan, the grant contract may be signed by 
the Secretary of the Interior, or an officer in the Office of the 
Secretary who has been appointed by the President, by and with the 
advice and consent of the Senate. A notice that the contract has been 
signed and the lands are segregated shall be published in the Federal 
Register. As a condition to entering into the contract, the Secretary or 
his delegate may require additional terms and conditions. If such is 
done, the new contract form shall be returned to the State for signing.
    (c) The contract is not final and binding until approved by the 
President.
    (d) After the plan has been approved, and the contract signed and 
approved,

[[Page 163]]

the lands may be entered by the State and its agents for reclamation and 
for residency, if appropriate.



Sec. 2611.1-5  Priority of Carey Act applications.

    Properly filed applications under Sec. 2611.1-1 or Sec. 2611.1-3 
of this title shall have priority over any subsequently filed 
agricultural applications for lands within the project boundaries. 
However, the rejection of a Carey Act application will not preclude 
subsequent agricultural development under another authority.



Sec. 2611.2  Period of segregation.

    (a) The States are allowed 10 years from the date of the signing of 
the contract by the Secretary in which to cause the lands to be 
reclaimed. If the State fails in this, the State Director may, in his 
discretion, extend the period for up to 5 years, or may restore the 
lands to the public domain at the end of the 10 years or any extension 
thereof. If actual construction of the reclamation works has not been 
commenced within 3 years after the segregation of the land or within 
such further period not exceeding 3 years as may be allowed for that 
purpose by the State Director, the State Director may, in his 
discretion, restore the lands to the public domain.
    (b) All applications for extensions of the period of segregation 
must be submitted to the State Director. Such applications will be 
entertained only upon the showing of circumstances which prevent 
compliance by the State with the requirements within the time allowed, 
which, in the judgment of the State Director, could not have been 
reasonably anticipated or guarded against, such as the distruction of 
irrigation works by storms, floods, or other unavoidable casualties, 
unforeseen structural or physical difficulties encountered in the 
operations, or errors in surveying and locating needed ditches, canals, 
or pipelines.



Sec. 2611.3  Rights-of-way over other public lands.

    When the canals, ditches, pipelines, reservoirs or other facilities 
required by the plan of development will be located on public lands not 
applied for by the State under the Carey Act, an application for right-
of-way over such lands under Title V of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1761 et seq.), shall be filed 
separately by the proposed constructor. Rights-of-way shall be approved 
simultaneously with the approval of the plan, but shall be conditioned 
on approval of the contract.



                    Subpart 2612_Issuance of Patents



Sec. 2612.1  Lists for patents.

    When patents are desired for any lands that have been segregated, 
the State shall file in the BLM State Office a list of lands to be 
patented, with a certificate of the presiding officer of the State land 
board, or other officer of the State who may be charged with the duty of 
disposing of the lands which the State may obtain under the law, that 
the lands have been reclaimed according to the plan of development, so 
that a permanent supply of water has been made available for each tract 
in the list, sufficient to thoroughly reclaim each 160-acre tract for 
the raising of ordinary agricultural crops. If patents are to be issued 
directly to assignees, the list shall include their names, the 
particular lands each claims, and a certification by the State that each 
is an actual settler and has cultivated at least 20 acres of each 160-
acre tract. If there are portions which cannot be reclaimed, the nature, 
extent, location, and area of such portions should be fully stated. If 
less than 5 acres of a smallest legal subdivision can be reclaimed and 
the subdivision is not essential for the reclamation, cultivation, or 
settlement of the lands; such legal subdivision must be relinquished, 
and shall be restored to the public domain as provided in a notice 
published in the Federal Register.



Sec. 2612.2  Publication of lists for patents.

    (a) Notice of lists. When a list for patents is filed in the State 
Office, it shall be acompanied by a notice of the filing, in duplicate, 
prepared for the signature of the State Director, or his delegate, fully 
incorporating the list. The State shall cause this notice to be 
published

[[Page 164]]

once a week for 5 consecutive weeks, in a newspaper of established 
character and general circulation in the vicinity of the lands, to be 
designated by the State Director, as provided in subpart 1824 of this 
chapter.
    (b) Proof of publication. At the expiration of the period of 
publication, the State shall file in the State Office proof of 
publication and of payment for the same.



Sec. 2612.3  Issuance of patents.

    Upon the receipt of proof of publication such action shall be taken 
in each case as the showing may require, and all tracts that are free 
from valid protest, and respecting which the law and regulations and 
grant contract have been complied with, shall be patented to the State, 
or to its assignees if the lands have been settled and cultivated. If 
patent issues to the State, it is the responsibility of the State to 
assure that the lands are cultivated and settled. If the State does not 
dispose of the patented lands within 5 years to actual settlers who have 
cultivated at least 20 acres of each 160 acre tract, or if the State 
disposes of the patented lands to any person who is not an actual 
settler or has not cultivated 20 acres of the 160 acre tract, action may 
be taken to revest title in the United States.



             Subpart 2613_Preference Right Upon Restoration



Sec. 2613.0-3  Authority.

    The Act approved February 14, 1920 (41 Stat. 407; 43 U.S.C. 644), 
provides that upon restoration of Carey Act lands from segregation, the 
Secretary is authorized, in his discretion, to allow a preference right 
of entry under other applicable land laws to any Carey Act entryman on 
any such lands which such person had entered under and pursuant to the 
State laws providing for the administration of the grant and upon which 
such person had established actual, bona fide residence or had made 
substantial and permanent improvements.



Sec. 2613.1  Allowance of filing of applications.

    (a) Status of lands under State laws. Prior to the restoration of 
lands segregated under the Carey Act, the Bureau of Land Management 
shall ascertain from the proper State officials whether any entries have 
been allowed under the State Carey Act laws on any such lands, and if 
any such entries have been allowed, the status thereof and action taken 
by the State with reference thereto.
    (b) No entries under State laws. If it is shown with reasonable 
certainty, either from the report of the State officers or by other 
available information, that there are no entries under State law, then 
the Act of February 14, 1920, shall not be considered applicable to the 
restoration of the lands. Lands shall be restored as provided in a 
notice published in the Federal Register.
    (c) Entries under State laws. If it appears from the report of the 
State officials or otherwise that there are entries under the State law 
which may properly be the basis for preference rights under this act, in 
the order restoring the lands the authorized officer may, in his 
discretion, allow only the filing of applications to obtain a preference 
right under the Act of February 14, 1920.



Sec. 2613.2  Applications.

    (a) Applications for preference rights under the Act of February 14, 
1920, shall be filed within 90 days of the publication of the 
restoration order.
    (b) Applications shall be on a form approved by the Director and 
shall set forth sufficient facts to show that the applicant is qualified 
under the act and these regulations. The application must be subscribed 
and sworn to before a notary public.
    (c) Persons qualified. The Act of February 14, 1920, applies only to 
cases of entries in good faith in compliance with the requirements of 
State law, with a view to reclaiming the land and procuring title 
pursuant to the provisions of the Carey Act; the act does not apply to 
cases where persons have settled on or improved the segregated land, 
either with the approval of the State authorities or otherwise, not

[[Page 165]]

pursuant to State law or not in anticipation of reclaiming the lands and 
procuring title under the Carey Act but in anticipation of initiating 
some kind of a claim to the land on its restoration because of failure 
of the project or cancellation of the segregation.
    (d) Persons not qualified. The Act of February 14, 1920, does not 
apply to cases where the applicant's entry has been canceled by the 
State or forfeited for failure to perfect the entry according to State 
law, unless the failure is the result of conditions which culminated in 
the elimination of the lands from the project if the State has allowed a 
subsequent entry for the same lands, this shall be conclusive evidence 
that the default was the fault of the State entryman whose entry was 
forfeited or canceled.



Sec. 2613.3  Allowance of preference right.

    If a person's application is approved, such person shall have 90 
days to submit an application for entry under another land law, and 
shall be entitled to a preference right of entry under other law if and 
when the lands are determined to be suitable for entry under such law 
pursuant to the regulations found in part 2400 of this chapter.



PART 2620_STATE GRANTS--Table of Contents




                    Subpart 2621_Indemnity Selections

Sec.
2621.0-2 Objectives and background.
2621.0-3 Authority.
2621.1 Applications for selection.
2621.2 Publication and protests.
2621.3 Certifications; mineral leases and permits.
2621.4 Application for selection of unsurveyed lands.

           Subpart 2622_Quantity and Special Grant Selections

2622.0-1 Purpose and scope.
2622.0-8 Lands subject to selection.

 Subpart 2623_School Land Grants to Certain States Extended To Include 
                            Mineral Sections

2623.0-3 Authority.
2623.0-7 Cross reference.
2623.0-8 Lands subject to selection.
2623.1 Effective date of grant.
2623.2 Claims protected.
2623.3 States not permitted to dispose of lands except with reservation 
          of minerals.
2623.4 Grant of mineral school sections effective upon restoration of 
          land from reservation.

Subpart 2624 [Reserved]

                     Subpart 2625_Swamp-land Grants

2625.0-3 Authority.
2625.1 Selection and patenting of swamp lands.
2625.2 Applications in conflict with swamp-land claims.

                           Subpart 2627_Alaska

2627.1 Grant for community purposes.
2627.2 Grant for University of Alaska.
2627.3 Grant for general purposes.
2627.4 All grants.

    Authority: R.S. 2478; 43 U.S.C. 1201.



                    Subpart 2621_Indemnity Selections



Sec. 2621.0-2  Objectives and background.

    Generally, grants made by Statehood Acts to the various States of 
school sections 16 and 36, and in addition, sections 2 and 32 in 
Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah, attach to a school sections on the date 
of acceptance or approval of the plat of survey thereof. If the 
acceptance or approval was prior to the granting act, or to the date of 
admission of the State into the Union, the grant attaches either on the 
date of approval of the act or the date of admission into the Union, 
whichever is the later date. However, if on the date the grant would 
otherwise attach, the land is appropriated under some applicable public 
land law, the grant does not attach, and the State is entitled to 
indemnity therefor as provided in the regulations in this subpart.

[35 FR 9607, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2621.0-3  Authority.

    (a) Sections 2275 and 2276 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (43 
U.S.C. 851, 852), referred to in Sec. Sec. 2621.0-3 to 2621.4 of this 
subpart as the law, authorize the public land States except Alaska to 
select lands (or the retained or reserved interest of the United States 
in lands which have been disposed of with a reservation to the United 
States

[[Page 166]]

of all minerals, or any specified mineral or minerals, which interest is 
referred to in Sec. Sec. 2621.0-3 to 2621.4 as the mineral estate) of 
equal acreage within their boundaries as indemnity for grant lands in 
place lost to the States because of appropriation before title could 
pass to the State or because of natural deficiencies resulting from such 
causes as fractional sections and fractional townships.
    (b) The law provides that indemnity for lands lost because of 
natural deficiencies will be selected from the unappropriated, 
nonmineral, public lands, and that indemnity for lands lost before title 
could pass to the State will be selected from the unappropriated, public 
lands subject to the following restrictions:
    (1) No lands mineral in character may be selected except to the 
extent that the selection is made as indemnity for mineral lands.
    (2) No lands on a known geologic structure of a producing oil or gas 
field may be selected except to the extent that the selection is made as 
indemnity for lands on such a structure.
    (c) The law also provides that lands subject to a mineral lease or 
permit may be selected, but only if the lands are otherwise available 
for selection, and if none of the lands subject to that lease or permit 
are in producing or producible status. It permits the selection of lands 
withdrawn, classified, or reported as valuable for coal, phosphate, 
nitrate, potash, oil, gas, asphaltic minerals, oil shale, sodium, and 
sulphur and lands withdrawn by Executive Order 5327 of April 15, 1930, 
if such lands are otherwise available for, and subject to, selection: 
Provided, That except where the base lands are mineral in character, 
such minerals are reserved to the United States in accordance with and 
subject to the regulations in subpart 2093. Except for the withdrawals 
mentioned in this paragraph and for lands subject to classification 
under section 7 of the Taylor Grazing Act of June 28, 1934 (48 Stat. 
1269; 43 U.S.C. 315f), as amended, the law does not permit the selection 
of withdrawn or reserved lands.
    (d) Subsection (b) of the section 2276 of the Revised Statutes, as 
amended, sets forth the principles of adjustment where selections are 
made to compensate for deficiencies of school lands in fractional 
townships.

[35 FR 9607, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2621.1  Applications for selection.

    (a) Applications for selection must be made on a form approved by 
the Director, and must be accompanied by a petition on a form approved 
by the Director properly executed. However, if the lands described in 
application have been already classified and opened for selection 
pursuant to the regulations of this part, no petition is required.
    (b) Applications for selection under the law will be made by the 
proper selecting agent of the State and will be filed, in duplicate, in 
the proper office in the State or for lands or mineral estate in a State 
in which there is no office, will be filed in accordance with the 
provisions of Sec. 1821.2 of this chapter.
    (c) Applications must be accompanied by the following information:
    (1) A reference to the Act of August 27, 1958 (72 Stat. 928), as 
amended.
    (2) A certificate by the selecting agent showing:
    (i) All facts relative to medicinal or hot springs or other waters 
upon the selected lands.

(This provision does not apply insofar as the application involves the 
selection of the mineral estate.)
    (ii) That indemnity has not been previously granted for the assigned 
base lands and that no other selection is pending for such assigned 
base.
    (3) A statement describing the mineral or nonmineral character of 
each smallest legal subdivision of the base and selected lands or 
mineral estate.
    (4) A certificate by the officer or officers charged with the care 
and disposal of school lands that no instrument purporting to convey, or 
in any way incumber, the title to any of the land used as base or bases, 
has been issued by the State or its agents.
    (d) In addition to the requirements of paragraph (c) of this 
section, applications for selection must conform with the following 
rules:
    (1) The selected land and base lands must be described in accordance 
with the official plats of survey except that unsurveyed lands will be 
described in

[[Page 167]]

terms of protracted surveys as officially approved in accordance with 43 
CFR 3101.1-4(d)(1). If the unsurveyed lands are not covered by 
protracted surveys the lands must be described in terms of their 
probable legal description, if and when surveyed in accordance with the 
rectangular system of public land surveys, or if the State Director 
gives written approval therefor, by a metes and bounds description 
adequate to identify the lands accurately.
    (2) Separate base or bases do not have to be assigned to each 
smallest legal subdivision of selected surveyed lands or mineral estate 
and to each tract of unsurveyed lands upon application. However, prior 
to final approval of the selection, separate base or bases shall be 
assigned. Assignment of the smallest actual or probable legal 
subdivision as base will constitute an election to take indemnity for 
the entire subdivision and is a waiver of the State's rights to such 
subdivision, except that any remaining balance of acreage may be used as 
base in other selections.
    (3) For purposes of selecting unsurveyed land a protracted section 
shall be considered to be a smallest legal subdivision except where the 
State Director finds otherwise.
    (4) The cause of loss of the base lands to the State must be 
specifically stated for each separate base.

(Secs. 2275 and 2276 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (43 U.S.C. 851, 
852))

[35 FR 9607, June 13, 1970. Redesignated and amended at 46 FR 24135, 
Apr. 29, 1981]



Sec. 2621.2  Publication and protests.

    (a) The State will be required to publish once a week for five 
consecutive weeks in accordance with Sec. 1824.3 of this chapter, at 
its own expense, in a designated newspaper and in a designated form, a 
notice allowing all persons claiming the land adversely to file in the 
appropriate office their objections to the issuance of a certification 
to the State for lands selected under the law. A protestant must serve 
on the State a copy of the objections and furnish evidence of service to 
the appropriate land office.
    (b) The State must file a statement of the publisher, accompanied by 
a copy of the notice published, showing that publication has been had 
for the required time.

[35 FR 9607, June 13, 1970. Redesignated at 46 FR 24135, Apr. 29, 1981]



Sec. 2621.3  Certifications; mineral leases and permits.

    (a) Certifications will be issued for all selections approved under 
the law by the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (b) Where all the lands subject to a mineral lease or permit are 
certified to a State, or if, where the State has previously acquired 
title to a portion of the lands subject to a mineral lease or permit, 
the remaining lands in the lease or permit are certified to the State, 
the State shall succeed to the position of the United States thereunder. 
Where a portion of the lands subject to any mineral lease or permit are 
certified to a State, the United States shall retain for the duration of 
the lease or permit the mineral or minerals for which the lease or 
permit was issued.

[35 FR 9607, June 13, 1970. Redesignated at 46 FR 24135, Apr. 29, 1981]



Sec. 2621.4  Application for selection of unsurveyed lands.

    (a) The authorized officer will reject any application for selection 
of unsurveyed lands if: (1) The costs of survey of the lands would 
grossly exceed the average per-acre costs of surveying public lands 
under the rectangular system of surveys in the State in which the lands 
are located, or (2) if the conveyance of the lands would create serious 
problems in the administration of the remaining public lands or 
resources thereof or would significantly diminish the value of the 
remaining public lands. The term remaining public lands means the public 
lands from which the applied-for lands would be separated by survey.
    (b) In addition to the provisions of this section, applications for 
selection of unsurveyed lands are subject to the provisions of subpart 
2400.

[35 FR 9607, June 13, 1970. Redesignated at 46 FR 24135, Apr. 29, 1981]

[[Page 168]]



           Subpart 2622_Quantity and Special Grant Selections



Sec. 2622.0-1  Purpose and scope.

    (a) Sections 2622.0-1 to 2622.0-8 apply generally to quantity and 
special grants made to States other than Alaska.
    (b) The regulations in Sec. Sec. 2621.2 to 2621.4 apply to quantity 
and special grants with the following exceptions and modifications:
    (1) Sections 2621.4(b) and 2621.2(c)(4); and Sec. Sec. 2621.2(d) 
(3) and (4) and all references to base lands and to mineral estate do 
not apply.
    (2) Section 2621.2(c)(1) is modified to require reference to the 
appropriate granting act; Sec. 2621.2(c)(3) is modified to require a 
statement testifying to the nonmineral character of each smallest legal 
subdivision of the selected land; Sec. 2621.2(d)(2) is modified to 
permit as much as 6,400 acres in a single selection; and Sec. 2621.2 is 
modified to require a certificate that the selection and those pending, 
together with those approved, do not exceed the total amount granted for 
the stated purpose of the grant.

[35 FR 9608, June 13, 1970]



Sec. 2622.0-8  Lands subject to selection.

    Selections made in satisfaction of quantity and special grants can 
generally be made only from the vacant, unappropriated, nonmineral, 
surveyed public lands within the State to which the grant was made. If 
the lands are otherwise available for selection, the States may select 
lands which are withdrawn, classified, or reported as valuable for coal, 
phosphate, nitrate, potash, oil, gas, asphaltic minerals, sodium, or 
sulphur, provided that the appropriate minerals are reserved to the 
United States in accordance with and subject to the regulations of 
subpart 2093.

[35 FR 9608, June 13, 1970]



 Subpart 2623_School Land Grants to Certain States Extended To Include 
                            Mineral Sections

    Source: 35 FR 9609, June 18, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2623.0-3  Authority.

    (a) The first paragraph of section 1 of the Act approved January 25, 
1927 (44 Stat. 1026; 43 U.S.C. 870), reads as follows:

    That, subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of 
this section, the several grants to the States of numbered sections in 
place for the support or in aid of common or public schools be, and they 
are hereby, extended to embrace numbered school sections mineral in 
character, unless land has been granted to and/or selected by and 
certified or approved, to any such State or States as indemnity or in 
lieu of any land so granted by numbered sections.

    (b) The beneficiaries of this grant are the States of Arizona, 
California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North 
Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. The grant 
also extends to the unsurveyed school sections reserved, granted, and 
confirmed to the State of Florida by the Act of Congress approved 
September 22, 1922 (42 Stat. 1017; 16 U.S.C. 483, 484).
    (c) The additional grant thus made, subject to all the conditions in 
the statute making same, applies to school-section lands known to be of 
mineral character at the effective date thereof as hereinafter defined. 
It does not include school-section lands nonmineral in character, those 
not known to be mineral in character at time of grant, but afterwards 
found to contain mineral deposits, such lands not being excepted from 
the grants theretofore made (Wyoming et al. v. United States, 255 U.S. 
489-500, 501, 65 L. ed. 742-748), nor does it include lands in numbered 
school sections in lieu of or as indemnity for which lands were conveyed 
to the States first above named, or to the State of Florida with respect 
to school-section lands coming within the purview of the Act of 
September 22, 1922, prior to January 25, 1927.
    (d) Determinations made prior to January 25, 1927, by the Secretary 
of the Interior or the Commissioner of the General Land Office to the 
effect that lands in school sections were excepted from school-land 
grants because of their known mineral character do not, of themselves, 
prevent or affect in any way the vesting of title in the States

[[Page 169]]

pursuant to the provisions of the statute making the additional grant.
    (e) Subsection (a) of section 1 of the Act provides:

    That the grant of numbered mineral sections under this Act shall be 
of the same effect as prior grants for the numbered nonmineral sections, 
and title to such numbered mineral sections shall vest in the States at 
the time and in the manner and be subject to all the rights of adverse 
parties recognized by existing law in the grants of numbered nonmineral 
sections.



Sec. 2623.0-7  Cross reference.

    For national forests and national parks, see Sec. 1821.7-2 of this 
chapter. For naval petroleum reserves, see Sec. 3102.2-2 of this 
chapter.



Sec. 2623.0-8  Lands subject to selection.

    (a) Lands included in grant. (1) Section 2 of the Act of January 25, 
1927 (44 Stat. 1027; 43 U.S.C. 871) reads as follows:

    Sec. 2. That nothing herein contained is intended or shall be held 
or construed to increase, diminish, or affect the rights of States under 
grants other than for the support of common or public schools by 
numbered school sections in place, and this Act shall not apply to 
indemnity of lieu selections or exchanges or the right hereafter to 
select indemnity for numbered school sections in place lost to the State 
under the provisions of this or other Acts, and all existing laws 
governing such grants and indemnity or lieu selections and exchanges are 
hereby continued in full force and effect.

    (2) The only grants affected in any way by the provisions of the Act 
of January 25, 1927, are those of numbered sections of land in place 
made to the States for the support of common or public schools. The 
adjudication of claims to land asserted under other grants, for 
indemnity or lieu lands and exchanges of lands, will proceed as 
theretofore, being governed by the provisions of existing laws 
applicable thereto. The States will be afforded full opportunity, 
however, if the facts and conditions are such as to authorize such 
action, either to assign new base in support of or to withdraw pending 
unapproved indemnity school land selections in support of which mineral 
school-section lands have been tendered as base.
    (b) Lands excluded from grant. (1) Subsection (c) of section 1 of 
the Act of January 25, 1927, provides:

    That any lands included within the limits of existing reservations 
of or by the United States, or specifically reserved for waterpower 
purposes, or included in any pending suit or proceedings in the courts 
of the United States, or subject to or included in any valid 
application, claim, or right initiated or held under any of the existing 
laws of the United States, unless or until such application, claim, or 
right is relinquished or canceled, and all lands in the Territory of 
Alaska are excluded from the provisions of this act.

    (2) School-section lands included within the limits of existing 
reservations of or by the United States, specifically reserved for 
waterpower purposes, or included in any suit or proceedings in the 
courts of the United States, prior to January 25, 1927, and all lands in 
Alaska are excluded from the provisions of the Act. (Sec. 2623.4)
    (3) The words existing reservation as used in subsection (c) are 
construed generally and subject to specific determination in particular 
cases if the need therefor shall arise, as including Indian and military 
reservations, naval and petroleum reserves, national parks, national 
forests, stock driveways, reservations established under the Act of June 
25, 1910 (36 Stat. 847; 43 U.S.C. 141-143), as amended by the Act of 
August 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 497; 43 U.S.C. 142), and all forms of 
Executive withdrawal recognized and construed by the Department of the 
Interior as reservations, existent prior to January 25, 1927.



Sec. 2623.1  Effective date of grant.

    Grants to the States of school lands in place (the numbered 
sections), of the character and status subject thereto, as a rule, are 
effective and operate to vest title upon the date of the approval of the 
statute making the grant or the date of the admission of the State into 
the Union, as to lands then surveyed, and as to the lands thereafter 
surveyed upon the date of the acceptance of the survey thereof by the 
Director of the Bureau of Land Management. (United States v. Morrison, 
240 U.S. 192, 60 L. ed. 599; United States v. Sweet, 245 U.S. 563, 62 L. 
ed. 473; Wyoming et al. v. United States, supra.) It is held, therefore, 
that the grant made by the first

[[Page 170]]

paragraph of section 1 of the Act of January 25, 1927, subject to the 
provision therein with respect to indemnity or lieu lands, to the 
provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of said section 1 and following 
the plain provisions of subsection (a) thereof is effective upon the 
date of the approval of the Act (January 25, 1927) as to lands then 
surveyed and the survey thereof accepted by the Director of the Bureau 
of Land Management and as to the unsurveyed school sections in the State 
of Florida granted to that State by the Act of September 22, 1922. The 
grant, as to other lands thereafter surveyed, subject to the same 
provisions is effective upon the acceptance of the survey thereof as 
above indicated.



Sec. 2623.2  Claims protected.

    (a) Valid applications, claims, or rights protected by the 
provisions of subsection (c) of section 1 of the Act of January 25, 
1927, include applications, entries, selections, locations, permits, 
leases, and other forms of filing, initiated or held pursuant to 
existing laws of the United States prior to January 25, 1927, embracing 
known mineral school-section lands then surveyed and otherwise within 
the terms of the additional grant, and as to lands thereafter surveyed, 
valid applications, claims, or rights so initiated or held prior to the 
date of the acceptance of the survey. The additional grant to the State 
will attach upon the effective date of the relinquishment or 
cancellation of any claim, so asserted, in the absence of any other 
valid existing claim for the land and if same be then surveyed. Should 
the validity of any such claim be questioned by the State, proceedings 
with respect thereto by protest, contest, hearing, etc., will be had in 
the form and manner prescribed by existing rules governing such cases. 
This procedure will be followed in the matter of all protests, contests, 
or claims filed by individuals, associations, or corporations against 
the States affecting school-section lands.



Sec. 2623.3  States not permitted to dispose of lands except with
reservation of minerals.

    (a) Subsection (b) of section 1 of the Act of January 25, 1927, 
provides:

    That the additional grant made by this Act is upon the express 
condition that all sales, grants, deeds, or patents for any of the lands 
so granted shall be subject to and contain a reservation to the State of 
all the coal and other minerals in the lands so sold, granted, deeded, 
or patented, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove 
the same. The coal and other mineral deposits in such lands shall be 
subject to lease by the State as the State legislature may direct, the 
proceeds of rentals and royalties therefrom to be utilized for the 
support or in aid of the common or public schools: Provided, That any 
lands or minerals disposed of contrary to the provisions of this Act 
shall be forfeited to the United States by appropriate proceedings 
instituted by the Attorney General for that purpose in the United States 
district court for the district in which the property or some part 
thereof is located.

    (b) The lands granted to the States by the Act of January 25, 1927, 
and the mineral deposits therein are to be disposed of by the States in 
the manner prescribed in subsection (b) thereof, provision being made 
for judicial forfeiture in case of disposal of any of the lands or 
minerals contrary to the provisions of the act.



Sec. 2623.4  Grant of mineral school sections effective upon restoration 
of land from reservation.

    (a) By the Act of January 25, 1927 (44 Stat. 1026; 43 U.S.C. 870, 
871), which grants to the States certain school-section lands that are 
mineral in character, it is provided by subsection (c) of section 1 that 
where such lands are embraced within an existing reservation at the date 
of said Act of 1927, they are thereby excluded from the grant made by 
said act.
    (b) Under the amendatory Act of May 2, 1932 (47 Stat. 140; 43 U.S.C. 
870), it is provided that in the event of the restoration of the lands 
from such reservation, the grant to the State of such mineral school-
section lands will thereupon become effective.
    (c) Adjudications in connection with the State's title to school 
sections will be governed by the provisions of this amendatory Act of 
May 2, 1932.

Subpart 2624 [Reserved]

[[Page 171]]



                     Subpart 2625_Swamp-land Grants

    Source: 35 FR 9610, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2625.0-3  Authority.

    (a) Circular dated Mar. 17, 1896, containing the swamp-land laws and 
regulations, states:

    As soon as practicable after the passage of the swamp-land grant of 
September 28, 1850, viz, on the 21st of November 1850, the commissioner 
transmitted to the governors of the respective States to which the grant 
applied copies of office circular setting forth the provisions of said 
Act, giving instructions thereunder, and allowing the States to elect 
which of two methods they would adopt for the purpose of designating the 
swamp lands, viz:
    1. The field notes of Government survey could be taken as the basis 
for selections, and all lands shown by them to be swamp or overflowed, 
within the meaning of the act, which were otherwise vacant and 
unappropriated September 28, 1850, would pass to the States.
    2. The States could select the lands by their own agents and report 
the same to the United States surveyor general with proof as to the 
character of the same.
    The following States elected to make the field notes of survey the 
basis for determining what lands passed to them under the grant, viz: 
Louisiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Later the State of Minnesota adopted 
this method of settlement.
    The authorities of the following States elected to make their 
selections by their own agents and present proof that the lands selected 
were of the character contemplated by the swamp grant, viz: Alabama, 
Arkansas, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Mississippi, Missouri, and 
Ohio. Later Oregon adopted this method.
    The States of Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Mississippi, and Ohio 
adopted the second method at the beginning, but they changed to the 
first method, i.e., to the field notes of survey, as a basis of 
settlement, in recent years.
    The authorities of California did not adopt either method, and the 
passage of the Act of July 23, 1866, rendered such action on their part 
unnecessary.
    In Louisiana the selections under the grant of March 2, 1849, 
forming the bulk of the selections in said State, are made in accordance 
with the terms of said act by deputy surveyors, under the direction of 
the United States surveyor general, at the expense of the State.

    (b) The grant of swamp lands, under Acts of March 2, 1849, and 
September 28, 1850, is a grant in praesenti. See United States Supreme 
Court decisions Railroad Co. v. Fremont County (9 Wall, 89, 19 L. ed. 
563); Railroad Co. v. Smith (id. 95, 19 L. ed. 599); Martin v. Marks (7 
Otto 345, 24 L. ed. 940); decisions of the Secretary of the Interior, 
December 23, 1851 (1 Lester's L.L. 549), April 25, 1862, and opinion of 
Attorney General, November 10, 1858 (1 Lester's L.L. 564).
    (c) The Act of September 28, 1850, did not grant swamp and 
overflowed lands to States admitted into the Union after its passage. 
See decision of Secretary of the Interior, August 17, 1858; 
Commissioner, General Land Office, May 2, 1871 (Copp's L.L. 474), 
affirmed by Secretary June 1, 1871, and Commissioner, General Land 
Office, January 19, 1874 (Copp's L.L. 473), affirmed by Secretary July 
9, 1875.
    (d) A State having elected to take swamp land by field notes and 
plats of survey is bound by them, as is also the Government. (See 
Secretary's decisions, October 4, 1855 (1 Lester's L.L. 553), August 1, 
1859 (id. 571), December 4, 1877 (4 Copp's L.L. 149), and September 19, 
1879.
    (e) The Swamp-Land Acts do not contain any exception or reservation 
of mineral lands and none is to be implied, since at the time of their 
enactment the public policy of withholding mineral lands for disposition 
only under laws including them, was not established. Work, Secretary of 
the Interior v. Louisiana (269 U.S. 250, 70 L. ed. 259).



Sec. 2625.1  Selection and patenting of swamp lands.

    (a) All lands properly selected and reported to the Bureau of Land 
Management as swamp will be compared with the records of the said 
office, and lists of such lands as are shown to be swamp or overflowed, 
within the meaning of the Acts of March 2, 1849, and September 28, 1850 
(9 Stat. 352, 519), and that are otherwise free from conflict will be 
made out by such office and approved.
    (b) When the lists have been approved a copy of each list will be 
transmitted to the governor of the State, with the

[[Page 172]]

statement that on receipt of his request patent will issue to the State 
for the lands. A copy of each list also will be transmitted to the 
authorizing officer of the proper office for the district in which the 
lands are situated, and he will be requested to examine the same with 
the records of his office and report any conflicts found.
    (c) Upon receipt of a request from the governor for patent, and a 
report from the authorizing officer as to status, patents will issue to 
the State for all the lands embraced in said lists so far as they are 
free from conflict.
    (d) Under the provisions of the Act of March 2, 1849, granting swamp 
lands to the State of Louisiana, a certified copy of the list approved 
by the Director, transmitted to the Governor, has the force and effect 
of a patent.



Sec. 2625.2  Applications in conflict with swamp-land claims.

    Applications adverse to the State, in conflict with swamp-land 
claims, will be governed by the following rules:
    (a) In those States where the adjudication of swamp-land claims is 
based on the evidence contained in the survey returns, applications 
adverse to the State for lands returned as swamp will be rejected unless 
accompanied by a showing that the land is non-swamp in character.
    (b) In such case, the claim adverse to the State must be supported 
by a statement of the applicant under oath, corroborated by two 
witnesses, setting forth the basis of the claim and that at the date of 
the swamp-land grant the land was not swamp and overflowed and not 
rendered thereby unfit for cultivation. In the absence of such affidavit 
the application will be rejected. If properly supported, the application 
will be received and suspended subject to a hearing to determine the 
swamp or nonswamp character of the land, the burden of proof being upon 
the non-swamp claimant.
    (c) In those States where the survey returns are not made the basis 
for adjudication of the swamp-land selections, junior applications for 
lands covered by swamp-land selections may be received and suspended, if 
supported by non-swamp affidavits corroborated by two witnesses, subject 
to hearing to determine the character of the land, whether swamp or non-
swamp, and the burden of proof will be upon the junior applicant. 
Likewise, the State, if a junior applicant, may be heard upon furnishing 
an affidavit corroborated by two witnesses alleging that the land is 
swamp in character within the meaning of the swamp-land grant, in which 
case the burden of proof at the hearing will be upon the State.
    (d) Where hearings are ordered in any such cases, the Rules of 
Practice governing contests will be applied, except as herein otherwise 
provided.



                           Subpart 2627_Alaska

    Source: 35 FR 9611, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2627.1  Grant for community purposes.

    (a) Authority. The Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339, 340), grants 
to the State of Alaska the right to select, within 25 years after 
January 3, 1959, not to exceed 400,000 acres of national forest lands in 
Alaska which are vacant and unappropriated at the time of their 
selection and not to exceed 400,000 acres of other public lands in 
Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved at the time of 
their selection. The act provides that the selected lands must be 
adjacent to the established communities or suitable for prospective 
community centers and recreational areas. The act further provides that 
such lands shall be selected with the approval of the Secretary of 
Agriculture as to national forest lands and with the approval of the 
Secretary of the Interior as to other lands, and that no selection shall 
be made north and west of the line described in section 10 of the act 
without approval of the President or his designated representative.
    (b) Applicable regulations. Unless otherwise indicated therein, the 
regulations in Sec. 2627.3 (a) to (d) apply to the grant and selection 
of lands for community purposes. In addition to the requirements of 
Sec. 2627.3(c), where the selected lands are national forest, the 
application for selection must be accompanied by a statement of the 
Secretary

[[Page 173]]

of Agriculture or his delegate showing that he approves the selection.
    (c) Approval of selections outside of national forests. Selection of 
lands outside of national forests will be approved by the authorized 
officer of the Bureau of Land Management if, all else being regular, he 
finds that approval of a selection of lands adjacent to an established 
community will further expansion of an established community, or if the 
lands are suitable for prospective community centers and recreational 
areas.



Sec. 2627.2  Grant for University of Alaska.

    (a) Statutory authority. The Act of January 21, 1929 (45 Stat. 
1091), as supplemented July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339, 343; 43 U.S.C. 852 
Note), grants to the State of Alaska, for the exclusive use and benefit 
of the University of Alaska, the unsatisfied portion of 100,000 acres of 
vacant, surveyed, unreserved public lands in said State, to be selected 
by the State, under the direction and subject to the approval of the 
Secretary of the Interior, and subject to the conditions and limitations 
expressed in the act.
    (b) Applications for selection. (1) Applications to select lands 
under the grant made to Alaska by the Act of January 21, 1929, will be 
made by the proper selecting agent of the State and will be filed in the 
proper office of the district in which such selected lands are situated. 
Such selections must be made in accordance with the law and with the 
applicable regulations governing selection of lands by States as set 
forth in part 2620.
    (2) Notice of selection and publication is required as provided by 
Sec. 2627.5 (b) and (c).
    (3) Each list of selections must contain a reference to the act 
under which the selections are made and must be accompanied by a 
certificate of the selecting agent showing the selections are made under 
and pursuant to the laws of the State of Alaska.
    (4) The selections in any one list must not exceed 6,400 acres.
    (5) Each list must be accompanied by a certification of the 
selecting agent stating that the acreage selected together with the 
cumulative acreage total of all prior sales for lists pending and 
finally approved for clear-listing or patenting does not exceed 100,000 
acres.
    (c) Statement with application. Every application for selection 
under the Act of January 21, 1929, must be accompanied by a duly 
corroborated statement making the following showing as to the lands 
sought to be selected.
    (1) That no portion of the land is occupied for any purpose by the 
United States and that to the best of his knowledge and belief the land 
is unoccupied, unimproved, and unappropriated by any person claiming the 
same other than the applicant; and that at the date of the application 
no part of the land was claimed under the mining laws.
    (2) That the land applied for does not extend more than 160 rods 
along the shore of any navigable water or that such restriction has been 
or should be waived. (See Sec. 2094.2 of this chapter.)
    (3) All facts relative to medicinal or hot springs or other waters 
upon the lands must be stated.



Sec. 2627.3  Grant for general purposes.

    (a) Statutory authority. (1) The Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339-
343), referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d) of this section as the act, 
grants to the State of Alaska the right to select, within 25 years from 
January 3, 1959, not to exceed 102,550,000 acres from the public lands 
in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated and unreserved at the time of 
selection. The Act of September 14, 1960 (74 Stat. 1024), defines vacant 
unappropriated, unreserved public lands in Alaska to include the 
retained or reserved interest of the United States in lands which have 
been disposed of with a reservation to the United States of all minerals 
or any specified mineral or minerals.
    (2) The Act further provides that no selection shall be made in the 
area north and west of the line described in section 10 thereof (72 
Stat. 345) without the approval of the President or his designated 
representative.
    (b) Lands subject to selection; patents; minerals. (1) The Act as 
amended August 18, 1959 (73 Stat. 395), provides that any lease, permit, 
license, or contract issued under the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 (41 
Stat. 437; 30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.), as amended, or under the Alaska

[[Page 174]]

Coal Leasing Act of 1914 (38 Stat. 741; 30 U.S.C. 432 et seq.), as 
amended, referred to in this section as the mineral leasing acts, shall 
have the effect of withdrawing the lands subject thereto from selection 
by the State.
    (2) Under the Act, the State may select any vacant, unappropriated, 
and unreserved public lands in Alaska, whether or not they are surveyed 
and whether or not they contain mineral deposits. For the purposes of 
selection, leases, permits, licenses, and contracts issued under the 
Mineral Leasing Acts of 1914 and 1920 will be considered an 
appropriation of lands. Where the preference provisions of Sec. 
2627.4(a) do not apply, selections by the State of lands covered by an 
application filed prior to the State selection will be rejected to the 
extent of the conflict when and if such application is allowed. 
Conflicting applications and offers for mineral leases and permits, 
except for preference right applicants, filed pursuant to the Mineral 
Leasing Act, whether filed prior to, simultaneously with, or after the 
filing of a selection under this part will be rejected when and if the 
selection is tentatively approved by the authorized officer of the 
Bureau of Land Management in accordance with paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    (3) Patents will be issued for all selections approved under the act 
by the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management but such 
patents will not issue unless or until the exterior boundaries of the 
selected area are officially surveyed.
    (4) (i) Where the State selects all the lands in a mineral lease, 
permit, license, or contract, issued under the Mineral Leasing Acts of 
1914 and 1920, the patent issued under the act will convey to the State 
all mineral deposits in the selected lands. Any such patent shall vest 
in the State all right, title, and interest of the United States in and 
to any such lease, permit, license, or contract that remains outstanding 
on the effective date of the patent, including the right to all rentals, 
royalties, and other payments accruing after that date under such lease, 
permit, license, or contract, and including any authority that may have 
been retained by the United States to modify the terms and conditions of 
such lease, permit, license, or contract. Issuance of patent will not 
affect the continued validity of any such lease, permit, license, or 
contract or any rights arising thereunder.
    (ii) Where the State selects a portion of the lands subject to a 
mineral lease, permit, license, or contract issued under the Mineral 
Leasing Acts of 1914 and 1920, the patent issued under the act shall 
reserve to the United States the mineral or minerals subject to that 
lease, permit, license, or contract, together with such further rights 
as may be necessary to the full and complete enjoyment of all rights, 
privileges, and benefits under or with respect to that lease, permit, 
license, or contracts. Upon the termination of the lease, permit, 
license, or contract, title to minerals so reserved to the United States 
shall pass to the State.
    (c) Applications for selection. (1) Applications for selection of 
lands under the act will be made by the proper selecting agent of the 
State and will be filed, in duplicate, in the proper office of the 
district in which such selected lands are situated. No special form is 
required but it must be typewritten and must contain the following 
information:
    (i) A reference to the Act of July 7, 1958 (70 Stat. 709), as 
supplemented, and a statement that the selection, together with other 
selections under the act pending or approved, does not exceed 
102,550,000 acres (400,000 acres where one of the grants for community 
purposes is involved).
    (ii) A certificate by the selecting agent showing:
    (a) That the selection is made under and pursuant to the laws of the 
State.
    (b) The acreage selected and the cumulative acreage of all prior 
selection lists pending and finally approved for clear-listing or 
patenting.
    (c) His official title and his authority to make the selection on 
behalf of the State.
    (d) That no portion of the selected land is occupied for any purpose 
by the United States and that to the best of his knowledge and belief 
the land is unoccupied, unimproved, and unappropriated by any person 
claiming the land other than the applicant, and that at the date of the 
application no part of

[[Page 175]]

the land claimed or occupied under the mining laws.
    (e) That the selected land does not extend more than 160 rods along 
the shore of any navigable water or that such restriction has been 
waived or should be waived. (Sec. 2094.2 of this chapter.)
    (f) All the facts relative to medicinal or hot springs or other 
waters upon the selected lands.
    (iii) If the selected lands are surveyed, the legal description of 
the lands in accordance with official plats of survey.
    (iv) If the selected lands are unsurveyed and are described by 
approved protraction diagrams of the rectangular system of surveys, such 
description is required.
    (v) If the selected lands are unsurveyed and are not described by 
approved protraction diagrams, a description of the lands and a map or 
maps, in duplicate, sufficient to permit ready identification of the 
location, boundaries, and area of the lands.
    (2) Selections must be accompanied by a filing fee of $10 for 5,760 
acres or fraction thereof in the selection which fee is not returnable.
    (3) All selections shall be made in reasonably compact tracts, 
taking into account the situation and potential uses of the lands 
involved. A tract will not be considered compact if it excludes other 
public lands available for selection within its exterior boundary. Each 
tract selected shall contain at least 5,760 acres unless isolated from 
other tracts open to selection.
    (4) If the selected lands are in the area north and west of the line 
described in section 10 of the Act, all selection made or confirmed by 
the act must be accompanied by a statement of the President or his 
designated representative showing that he approves the selection.
    (5) Section 2627.3(a)(1) and (c)(1)(ii) do not apply to the extent 
that an application embraces a reserved or retained interest.
    (d) Effect of approval of selections. Following the selection of 
lands by the State and the tentative approval of such selection by the 
authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management, the State is 
authorized to execute conditional leases and to make conditional sales 
of such selected lands pending survey of the exterior boundaries of the 
selected area, if necessary, and issuance of patent. Said officer will 
notify the appropriate State official in writing of his tentative 
approval of a selection after determining that there is no bar to 
passing legal title to the lands to the State other than the need for 
the survey of the lands or for the issuance of patent or both.



Sec. 2627.4  All grants.

    (a) State preference right of selection: waivers. (1) The Act of 
July 7, 1958 (see Sec. 2627.3(a)), provide that upon the revocation of 
any order of withdrawal in Alaska, the order of revocation shall provide 
for a period of not less than 90 days before the date on which it 
otherwise becomes effective during which period the State of Alaska 
shall have a preferred right of selection under the acts of 1956 and 
1958, except as against prior existing valid rights, equitable claims 
subject to allowance and confirmation and other preferred rights of 
application conferred by law.
    (2) Where the proper selecting agent of the State files in writing 
in the proper office a waiver of the preference provisions of paragraph 
(a) of this section in connection with the proposed revocation of an 
order of withdrawal, the order affecting such revocation will not 
provide for such preference.
    (b) Segregative effect of applications. Lands desired by the State 
under the regulations of this part will be segregated from all 
appropriations based upon application or settlement and location, 
including locations under the mining laws, when the state files its 
application for selection in the proper office properly describing the 
lands as provided in Sec. 2627.3(c)(1) (iii), (iv), and (v). Such 
segregation will automatically terminate unless the State publishes 
first notice as provided by paragraph (c) of this section within 60 days 
of service of such notice by the appropriate officer of the Bureau of 
Land Management.
    (c) Publications and protests. (1) The State will be required to 
publish once a week for five consecutive weeks in accordance with Sec. 
1824.4 of this chapter, at its own expense, in a designated

[[Page 176]]

newspaper, and in a designated form, a notice allowing all persons 
claiming the land adversely to file in the appropriate office their 
objections to the issuance of patent or certification for lands selected 
under the regulations of this part. A protestant must serve on the State 
a copy of the objections and furnish evidence of service to the proper 
office.
    (2) The State must file a statement of the publisher, accompanied by 
a copy of the notice published, showing that publication has been had 
for the required time.



PART 2630_RAILROAD GRANTS--Table of Contents




Subpart 2631_Patents for Lands Sold by Railroad Carriers (Transportation 
                              Act of 1940)

Sec.
2631.0-3 Authority.
2631.0-8 Lands for which applications may be made.
2631.1 Applications.
2631.2 Publication of notice.
2631.3 Surveying and conveyance fees.
2631.4 Patents.



Subpart 2631_Patents for Lands Sold by Railroad Carriers (Transportation 
                              Act of 1940)

    Authority: R.S. 2478; 43 U.S.C. 1201.

    Source: 35 FR 9613, June 13, 1970, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2631.0-3  Authority.

    Subsection (b) of section 321, Part II, Title III, of the 
Transportation Act of September 18, 1940 (54 Stat. 934; 49 U.S.C. 65), 
authorizes the issuance of patents for the benefit of certain innocent 
purchasers for value of land-grant lands from railroad carriers which 
have released their land-grant claims.

    Note: Notices of releases of land grant claims by railroad carriers 
listing the carriers, the date of the approval of the release and the 
land-grant predecessors involved dated Dec. 17, 1940, May 17, 1941, and 
June 29, 1942, appear at 6 FR 449, 2634, and 7 FR 5319.



Sec. 2631.0-8  Lands for which applications may be made.

    Subsection (b) of section 321, Part II, Title III, of the 
Transportation Act of 1940 provides that in the case of a railroad 
carrier, or a predecessor, which received a land grant to aid in the 
construction of any part of its railroad, the laws relating to 
compensation for certain Government transportation services shall 
continue to apply as though subsection (a) of section 321 had not been 
enacted unless the carrier shall file on or before September 18, 1941, 
with the Secretary of the Interior, in the form and manner prescribed by 
him, a release of any claim it may have to lands, interests in lands, 
compensation, or reimbursement on account of lands or interests in lands 
so granted, claimed to have been granted or claimed should have been 
granted. Section 321 provides further that nothing therein shall be 
construed as preventing the issuance of patents confirming the title to 
such uncertified or unpatented lands as the Secretary of the Interior 
shall find have been sold prior to September 18, 1940, to innocent 
purchasers for value. Subsection (b) of section 321 authorizing the 
issuance of such patents is not an enlargement of the grants, and does 
not extend them to lands not already covered thereby and, therefore, has 
no application to lands which for various reasons, such as mineral 
character, prior grants, withdrawals, reservations, or appropriation, 
were not subject to the grants. It does apply, however, to lands 
selected under remedial or lieu acts supplemental to the original grants 
as well as to primary and indemnity lands. Classification under section 
7 of the Taylor Grazing Act of June 28, 1934 (48 Stat. 1269), as amended 
by the Act of June 26, 1936 (49 Stat. 1976; 43 U.S.C. 315f), will not be 
required where the sold land is such as the company was authorized by 
law to select.



Sec. 2631.1  Applications.

    Application, and supporting evidence, must be filed by the carrier 
in the proper office, accompanied by a nonrefundable application service 
charge of $10. The lands listed in any one application must be limited 
to those embraced in a single sale upon which the claim for patent is 
based. The application should state that it is filed under the railroad 
land grant act involved, properly cited, and subsection (b) of

[[Page 177]]

section 321, Part II, Title III of the Transportation Act of 1940 (54 
Stat. 954). The application must be supported by a showing that the land 
is of the character which would pass under the grant involved, and was 
not by some superior or prior claim, withdrawal, reservation, or other 
reason, excluded from the operation of the grant. Full details of the 
alleged sale must be furnished, such as dates, the terms thereof, the 
estate involved, consideration, parties, amounts and dates of payments, 
made, and amounts due, if any, description of the land, and transfers of 
title. The use, occupancy, and cultivation of the land and the 
improvements placed thereon by the alleged purchaser should be 
described. All statements should be duly corroborated. Available 
documentary evidence, including the contract or deed, should be filed, 
which may be authenticated copies of the originals. An abstract of title 
may be necessary, dependent upon the circumstances of the particular 
case. No application for a patent under this act will be favorably 
considered unless it be shown that the alleged purchaser is entitled 
forthwith to the estate and interest transferred by such patent. 
Evidence of a recorded deed of conveyance from the carrier to the 
purchaser may be required. Where the company has on file an application 
in which the sold lands embraced, it need not file a new application, 
but may file a request for amendment of the pending application to come 
under the Transportation Act of 1940, together with the showing, supra, 
required as to the bona fide sale.



Sec. 2631.2  Publication of notice.

    The authorizing officer shall direct the publication of notice of 
the application. The notice will be published at the carrier's expense 
in a newspaper of general circulation in the vicinity of the land. If a 
daily newspaper be designated, the notice should be published in the 
Wednesday issue for five consecutive weeks; if weekly, for five 
consecutive issues; and if semiweekly, in either issue for five 
consecutive weeks. The carrier must furnish evidence of such publication 
in due course. Notice need not be published, in case of amendment of a 
pending application, where publication has already been had.



Sec. 2631.3  Surveying and conveyance fees.

    The carrier must pay the cost of the survey of the land, paying also 
one-half the cost of any segregation survey in accordance with the laws 
and regulations pertaining to the survey and patenting of railroad 
lands. (See 43 U.S.C. 881 et seq.; also subpart 1822 of this chapter.)



Sec. 2631.4  Patents.

    If all be found regular and in conformity with the governing law and 
regulations, patent shall be issued in the name of the grantee under the 
railroad grant, the carrier paying the costs of preparation and issuance 
of the patent.



PART 2640_FAA AIRPORT GRANTS--Table of Contents




  Subpart 2640_Airport and Airway Improvement Act of September 3, 1982

Sec.
2640.0-1 Purpose.
2640.0-3 Authority.
2640.0-5 Definitions.
2640.0-7 Cross reference.

                         Subpart 2641_Procedures

2641.1 Request by Administrator for conveyance of property interest.
2641.2 Action on request.
2641.3 Publication and payment.
2641.4 Approval of conveyance.
2641.5 Reversion.

    Authority: Sec. 516, Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982 (49 
U.S.C. 2215).

    Source: 51 FR 26894, July 28, 1986, unless otherwise noted.



  Subpart 2640_Airport and Airway Improvement Act of September 3, 1982



Sec. 2640.0-1  Purpose.

    This subpart sets forth procedures for the issuance of conveyance 
documents for lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the 
Interior to public agencies for use as airports and airways.

[[Page 178]]



Sec. 2640.0-3  Authority.

    Section 516 of the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of September 
3, 1982 (49 U.S.C. 2215).



Sec. 2640.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Act means section 516 of the Airport and Airway Improvement Act 
of September 3, 1982 (49 U.S.C. 2215).
    (b) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.
    (c) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority to perform the duties 
described in this subpart.
    (d) Administrator means the person authorized by the Secretary of 
Transportation to administer the Act.
    (e) Applicant means any public agency as defined in Sec. 153.3 of 
Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, which, either individually 
or jointly with other such public agencies, submits to the Administrator 
an application requesting that lands or interests in lands under the 
jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior be conveyed to such 
applicant under the Act.
    (f) Property interest means the title to or any other interest in 
lands or any easement through or other interest in air space.
    (g) Conveyance document means a patent, deed or similar instrument 
which transfers title to lands or interests in lands.



Sec. 2640.0-7  Cross reference.

    The regulations of the Federal Aviation Administration under the Act 
are found in 14 CFR part 153.



                         Subpart 2641_Procedures



Sec. 2641.1  Request by Administrator for conveyance of property interest.

    Each request by the Administrator in behalf of the applicant for 
conveyance of a property interest in lands under the jurisdiction of the 
Department of the Interior shall be filed with the State Office of the 
Bureau of Land Management having jurisdiction of the lands or interests 
in lands in duplicate, and shall contain the following:
    (a) A copy of the application filed by the requesting public agency 
with the Administrator.
    (b) A description of the lands or interests in lands, if surveyed, 
by legal subdivisions, specifying section, township, range, meridian and 
State. Unsurveyed lands shall be described by metes and bounds with a 
tie to a corner of the public-land surveys if within two miles; 
otherwise a tie shall be made to some prominent topographic feature and 
the approximate latitute and longitude shall be provided.



Sec. 2641.2  Action on request.

    (a) Upon receipt of the request from the Administrator, the 
authorized officer shall determine whether the requested conveyance is 
inconsistent with the needs of the Department of the Interior, or any 
agency thereof, and shall notify the Administrator of the determination 
within 4 months after receipt of the request. On determining that the 
conveyance is not inconsistent with the needs of the Department of the 
Interior, the authorized officer also shall determine what, if any, 
convenants, terms, conditions and reservations should be included in the 
conveyance, if made. Any conveyance shall be made subject to valid 
existing rights of record, and to those disclosed as a result of 
publication or otherwise.
    (b) Unless otherwise specifically provided by law, no conveyance 
shall be made of Federal lands within any national park, national 
monument, national recreation area, or similar area under the 
administration of the National Park Service; within any unit of the 
National Wildlife Refuge System or similar area under the jurisdiction 
of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; within any area 
designated part of the National Wilderness Preservation System or any 
area designated as a wilderness study area; or within any national 
forest or Indian reservation.
    (c) The applicant shall, upon request by the authorized officer, 
submit a deposit in an amount determined by the authorized officer, to 
cover the administrative costs of processing the application, including 
the cost of survey, if

[[Page 179]]

one is necessary, and issuing of a document of conveyance. No document 
of conveyance shall be issued for unsurveyed lands. The processing of 
applications under this part shall be accomplished without any expense 
to the Bureau of Land Management.
    (d) Each applicant also shall pay the cost of publication of a 
notice in the Federal Register and in a newspaper of general circulation 
in the area in which the lands are located.



Sec. 2641.3  Publication and payment.

    (a) Prior to issuance of a conveyance document, the authorized 
officer shall publish a notice of realty action in the Federal Register 
and in a newspaper of general circulation in the area of the lands to be 
conveyed. The notice shall identify the lands proposed for conveyance 
and contain the terms, covenants, conditions and reservations to be 
included in the conveyance document. The notice shall provide public 
comment period of 45 days from the date of publication in the Federal 
Register. Comments shall be sent to the Bureau of Land Management office 
issuing the notice.
    (b) The notice of realty action may segregate the lands or interests 
in lands to be conveyed to the extent that they will not be subject to 
appropriation under the public land laws, including the mining laws. The 
segregative effect of the notice of realty action shall terminate either 
upon the issuance of a document of conveyance or 1 year after the date 
of publication, whichever occurs first.
    (c) The determination concerning the granting or denial of an 
application shall be sent by the authorized officer to the applicant and 
to any party who commented on the application.
    (d) The authorized officer shall advise the applicant whether any 
balance is due on the payments required of the applicant and of the time 
within which payment shall be made. Failure to pay the required amount 
within the allotted time shall constitute grounds for rejection of the 
application. If the applicant has deposited with the authorized officer 
an amount in excess of the payments required, the authorized officer 
shall so advise the applicant and return the excess payment.



Sec. 2641.4  Approval of conveyance.

    (a) Each conveyance document shall contain appropriate covenants, 
terms, conditions and reservations requested by the Administrator, and 
those required for protection of the Department of the Interior or any 
agency thereof.
    (b) Upon receipt of the payment required by Sec. 2641.2 (c) and (d) 
of this title and after consideration of comments received, the 
authorized officer shall make a decision upon the application. If the 
decision is to make a conveyance, the authorized officer shall send the 
conveyance document to the Attorney General of the United States for 
consideration. Upon approval by the Attorney General, the authorized 
officer shall issue the conveyance document.



Sec. 2641.5  Reversion.

    A conveyance shall be made only on the condition that, at the option 
of the Administrator, the property interest conveyed shall revert to the 
United States in the event that the lands in question are not developed 
for airport or airway purposes or are used in a manner inconsistent with 
the terms of the conveyance. If only a part of the property interest 
conveyed is not developed for airport purposes, or is used in a manner 
inconsistent with the terms of the conveyance, only that particular part 
shall, at the option of the Administrator, revert to the United States.



PART 2650_ALASKA NATIVE SELECTIONS--Table of Contents




            Subpart 2650_Alaska Native Selections: Generally

Sec.
2650.0-1 Purpose.
2650.0-2 Objectives.
2650.0-3 Authority.
2650.0-5 Definitions.
2650.0-7 References.
2650.0-8 Waiver.
2650.1 Provisions for interim administration.
2650.2 Application procedures for land selections.
2650.3 Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims.

[[Page 180]]

2650.3-1 Lawful entries and lawful settlements.
2650.3-2 Mining claims.
2650.4 Conveyance reservations.
2650.4-1 Existing rights and contracts.
2650.4-2 Succession of interest.
2650.4-3 Administration.
2650.4-4 Revenues. [Reserved]
2650.4-5 National forest lands.
2650.4-6 National wildlife refuge system lands.
2650.4-7 Public easements.
2650.5 Survey requirements.
2650.5-1 General.
2650.5-2 Rule of approximation.
2650.5-3 Regional surveys.
2650.5-4 Village surveys.
2650.5-5 Cemetery sites and historical places.
2650.5-6 Adjustment to plat of survey.
2650.6 Selection limitations.
2650.7 Publication.
2650.8 Appeals.

                     Subpart 2651_Village Selections

2651.0-3 Authority.
2651.1 Entitlement.
2651.2 Eligibility requirements.
2651.3 Selection period.
2651.4 Selection limitations.
2651.5 Conveyance reservations.
2651.6 Airport and air navigation facilities.

                    Subpart 2652_Regional Selections

2652.0-3 Authority.
2652.1 Entitlement.
2652.2 Selection period.
2652.3 Selection limitations.
2652.4 Conveyance reservations.

                  Subpart 2653_Miscellaneous Selections

2653.0-3 Authority.
2653.0-5 Definitions.
2653.1 Conveyance limitations.
2653.2 Application procedures.
2653.3 Lands available for selection.
2653.4 Termination of selection period.
2653.5 Cemetery sites and historical places.
2653.6 Native groups.
2653.7 Sitka-Kenai-Juneau-Kodiak selections.
2653.8 Primary place of residence.
2653.8-1 Acreage to be conveyed.
2653.8-2 Primary place of residence criteria.
2653.8-3 Appeals.
2653.9 Regional selections.
2653.10 Excess selections.
2653.11 Conveyance reservations.

                      Subpart 2654_Native Reserves

2654.0-3 Authority.
2654.0-5 Definitions.
2654.1 Exercise of option.
2654.2 Application procedures.
2654.3 Conveyances.

                   Subpart 2655_Federal Installations

2655.0-3 Authority.
2655.0-5 Definitions.
2655.1 Lands subject to determination.
2655.2 Criteria for determinations.
2655.3 Determination procedures.
2655.4 Adverse decisions.

    Authority: Sec. 25, Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of December 
18, 1971; Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 551 et seq.), unless 
otherwise noted.

    Source: 38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, unless otherwise noted.



            Subpart 2650_Alaska Native Selections: Generally



Sec. 2650.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of the regulations in this part is to provide procedures 
for orderly and timely implementation of those provisions of the Alaska 
Native Claims Settlement Act of December 18, 1971 (43 U.S.C. 1601) which 
pertain to selections of lands and interests in lands in satisfaction of 
the land selections conferred by said Act upon Alaska Natives and Alaska 
Native corporations.



Sec. 2650.0-2  Objectives.

    The program of the Secretary is to implement such provisions in 
keeping with the congressional declaration of policy that the settlement 
of the Natives' aboriginal land claims be fair and just and that it be 
accomplished rapidly, with certainty, in conformity with the real 
economic and social needs of Natives, without litigation and with 
maximum participation by Natives in decisions affecting their rights and 
property.



Sec. 2650.0-3  Authority.

    Section 25 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of December 
18, 1971, authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to issue and publish 
in the Federal Register, pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (5 
U.S.C. 551, et seq.), such regulations as may be necessary to carry out 
the purposes of the act.



Sec. 2650.0-5  Definitions.

    (a) Act means the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of December 
18,

[[Page 181]]

1971 (43 U.S.C. 1601) and any amendments thereto.
    (b) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior or his authorized 
delegate.
    (c) Native means a Native as defined in section 3(b) of the Act.
    (d) Native village means any tribe, band, clan, group, village, 
community, or association in Alaska, as defined in section 3(c) of the 
Act.
    (e) Village corporation means a profit or nonprofit Alaska Native 
village corporation which is eligible under Sec. 2651.2 of this chapter 
to select land and receive benefits under the act, and is organized 
under the laws of the State of Alaska in accordance with the provisions 
of section 8 of the Act.
    (f) Regional corporation means an Alaska Native regional corporation 
organized under the laws of the State of Alaska in accordance with the 
provisions of section 7 of the Act.
    (g) Public lands means all Federal lands and interests in lands 
located in Alaska (including the beds of all non-navigable bodies of 
water), except:
    (1) The smallest practicable tract, as determined by the Secretary, 
enclosing land actually used, but not necessarily having improvements 
thereon, in connection with the administration of a Federal 
installation; and,
    (2) Land selections of the State of Alaska which have been patented 
or tentatively approved under section 6(g) of the Alaska Statehood Act, 
as amended (72 Stat. 341; 77 Stat. 223; 48 U.S.C. Ch. 2), or identified 
for selection by the State prior to January 17, 1969, except as provided 
in Sec. 2651.4(a)(1) of this chapter.
    (h) Interim conveyance as used in these regulations means the 
conveyance granting to the recipient legal title to unsurveyed lands, 
and containing all the reservations for easements, rights-of-way, or 
other interests in land, provided by the act or imposed on the land by 
applicable law, subject only to confirmation of the boundary 
descriptions after approval of the survey of the conveyed land.
    (i) Patent as used in these regulations means the original 
conveyance granting legal title to the recipient to surveyed lands, and 
containing all the reservations for easements, rights-of-way, or other 
interests in land, provided by the act or imposed on the land by 
applicable law; or the document issued after approval of the survey by 
the Bureau of Land Management, to confirm the boundary description of 
the unsurveyed conveyed lands.
    (j) Conveyance as used in these regulations means the transfer of 
title pursuant to the provisions of the act whether by interim 
conveyance or patent, whichever occurs first.
    (k) National Wildlife Refuge System means all lands, waters, and 
interests therein administered on December 18, 1971, by the Secretary as 
wildlife refuges, areas for the protection and conservation of fish and 
wildlife that are threatened with extinction, wildlife ranges, game 
ranges, wildlife management areas, or waterfowl production areas, as 
provided in the Act of October 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 927, as amended by the 
Act of July 18, 1968, 82 Stat. 359 (16 U.S.C. 668dd).
    (l) Protraction diagram means the approved diagram of the Bureau of 
Land Management mathematical plan for extending the public land surveys 
and does not constitute an official Bureau of Land Management survey, 
and, in the absence of an approved diagram of the Bureau of Land 
Management, includes the State of Alaska protraction diagrams which have 
been authenticated by the Bureau of Land Management.
    (m) Date of filing shall be the date of postmark, except when there 
is no postmark, in which case it shall be the date of receipt in the 
proper office.
    (n) LUPC means the Joint Federal-State Land Use Planning Commission 
for Alaska.
    (o) Major waterway means any river, stream, or lake which has 
significant use in its liquid state by watercraft for access to publicly 
owned lands or between communities. Significant use means more than 
casual, sporadic or incidental use by watercraft, including floatplanes, 
but does not include use of the waterbody in its frozen state by 
snowmobiles, dogsleds or skiplanes. Designation of a river or stream as 
a major waterway may be limited to a specific segment of the particular 
waterbody.

[[Page 182]]

    (p) Present existing use means use by either the general public 
which includes both Natives and non-Natives alike or by a Federal, 
State, or municipal corporation entity on or before December 18, 1976, 
or the date of selection, whichever is later. Past use which has long 
been abandoned shall not be considered present existing use.
    (q) Public easement means any easement reserved by authority of 
section 17(b) of the Act and under the criteria set forth in these 
regulations. It includes easements for use by the general public and 
easements for use by a specific governmental agency. Public easements 
may be reserved for transportation, communication and utility purposes, 
for air, light or visibility purposes, or for guaranteeing international 
treaty obligations.
    (r) Publicly owned lands means all Federal, State, or municipal 
corporation (including borough) lands or interests therein in Alaska, 
including public lands as defined herein, and submerged lands as defined 
by the Submerged Lands Act, 43 U.S.C. 1301, et seq.
    (s) Director means the Director, Bureau of Land Managment
    (t) Isolated tract means a tract of one or more contiguous parcels 
of publicly owned lands completely surrounded by lands held in nonpublic 
ownership or so effectively separated from other publicly owned lands as 
to make its use impracticable without a public easement for access.
    (u) State means the State of Alaska.
    (v) Native corporation means any Regional Corporation, any Village 
Corporation, Urban Corporation and any Native Group.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 43 FR 55328, Nov. 27, 1978; 50 
FR 15547, Apr. 19, 1985]



Sec. 2650.0-7  References.

    (a) Native enrollment procedures are contained in 25 CFR part 
43h.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ At 47 FR 13327, Mar. 30, 1982, part 43h of Title 25 was 
redesignated as part 69.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Withdrawal procedures are contained in part 2300 of this 
chapter.
    (c) Application procedures are contained in subpart 1821 of this 
chapter.
    (d) Appeals procedures are contained in 43 CFR part 4, subpart E.
    (e) Mineral patent application procedures are contained in part 3860 
of this chapter.

(43 U.S.C. 1601-1624)

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 40 FR 33174, Aug. 6, 1975]



Sec. 2650.0-8  Waiver.

    The Secretary may, in his discretion, waive any nonstatutory 
requirement of these regulations. When the rights of third parties will 
not be impaired, and when rapid, certain settlement of the claims of 
Natives will be assisted, minor procedural and technical errors should 
be waived.



Sec. 2650.1  Provisions for interim administration.

    (a)(1) Prior to any conveyance under the Act, all public lands 
withdrawn pursuant to sections 11, 14, and 16, or covered by section 19 
of the Act, shall be administered under applicable laws and regulations 
by the Secretary of the Interior, or by the Secretary of Agriculture in 
the case of national forest lands, as provided by section 22(i) of the 
Act. The authority of the Secretary of the Interior and of the Secretary 
of Agriculture to make contracts and to issue leases, permits, rights-
of-way, or easements is not impaired by the withdrawals.
    (2)(i) Prior to the Secretary's making contracts or issuing leases, 
permits, rights-of-way, or easements, the views of the concerned regions 
or villages shall be obtained and considered, except as provided in 
paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section.
    (ii) Prior to making contracts, or issuing leases, permits, rights-
of-way, or easements on lands subject to election pursuant to section 
19(b) of the Act, the Secretary shall obtain the consent of the 
representatives of the Natives living on those lands.
    (b) As provided in section 17(d)(3) of the Act, any lands withdrawn 
pursuant to section 17(d) shall be subject to administration by the 
Secretary under applicable laws and regulations and his authority to 
make contracts, and to issue leases, permits, rights-of-way, or 
easements shall not be impaired by the withdrawal. To the extent that 
any

[[Page 183]]

such land is also subject to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this 
section, the provisions of that subsection shall govern.
    (c) As provided in section 21(e) of the Act, so long as there are no 
substantial revenues from real property interests conveyed pursuant to 
this Act and the lands are not subject to State and local real property 
taxes, such lands shall continue to receive forest fire protection 
services from the United States at no cost. The Secretary will 
promulgate criteria, after consultation with the concerned Native 
corporations and the State of Alaska, for determining when substantial 
revenues are accruing as to lands for which forest fire protection 
services are furnished by the Department of the Interior and no 
discontinuance of such service will be ordered by the Secretary unless 
he finds, after notice and opportunity for submission of views, that 
such discontinuance is in conformity with the criteria.



Sec. 2650.2  Application procedures for land selections.

    (a) Applications for land selections must be filed on forms approved 
by the Director, Bureau of Land Management. Applications must be filed 
in accordance with subpart 1821 of this chapter.
    (b) Each regional corporation shall submit with its initial 
application under this section a copy of the resolution authorizing the 
individual filing the application to do so.
    (c) Each village corporation under subpart 2651 of this chapter must 
submit with its initial application under this section a certificate of 
incorporation, evidence of approval of its articles of incorporation by 
the regional corporation for that region, and a copy of the 
authorization of the individual filing the application to do so.
    (d)(1) Regional and village corporations authorized by the act 
subsequently filing additional or amendatory applications need only 
refer to the serial number of the initial filing.
    (2) Any change of the officer authorized to act for any corporation 
in the matter of land selections should be promptly submitted to the 
appropriate office of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (e)(1) If the lands applied for are surveyed, the legal description 
of the lands in accordance with the official plats of survey shall be 
used.
    (2) If the lands applied for are unsurveyed, they shall be described 
by protraction diagrams.
    (3) If the lands applied for are not surveyed and are not covered by 
protraction diagrams, they must be described by metes and bounds 
commencing at a readily identifiable topographic feature, such as a 
mountain peak, mouth of a stream, etc., or a monumented point of known 
position, such as a triangulation station, and the description must be 
accompanied by a topographic map delineating the boundary of the area 
applied for.
    (4) Where 1:63,360 U.S.G.S. quadrangle maps with the protraction 
diagram plotted thereon have been published, these maps shall be used to 
portray and describe the lands applied for. Where 1:63,360 U.S.G.S. 
quadrangle maps with the protraction diagram plotted thereon have not 
been published, then the 1:250,000 U.S.G.S. quadrangle maps with the 
protraction diagrams plotted thereon shall be used.
    (5) If the written description shown on the application and the map 
portrayal accompanying the application do not agree the delineation 
shown on the map shall be controlling.
    (f) The selected areas may be adjusted by the Secretary with the 
consent of the applicant and amendment of the application by the 
applicant, provided that the adjustment will not create an excess over 
the selection entitlement.



Sec. 2650.3  Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims.



Sec. 2650.3-1  Lawful entries and lawful settlements.

    (a) Pursuant to sections 14(g) and 22(b) of the Act, all conveyances 
issued under the act shall exclude any lawful entries or entries which 
have been perfected under, or are being maintained in compliance with, 
laws leading to the acquisition of title, but shall include land subject 
to valid existing rights of a temporary or limited nature such as those 
created by leases (including leases issued under section 6(g) of the

[[Page 184]]

Alaska Statehood Act), contracts, permits, rights-of-way, or easements.
    (b) The right of use and occupancy of persons who initiated lawful 
settlement or entry of land, prior to August 31, 1971, is protected: 
Provided, That:
    (1) Occupancy has been or is being maintained in accordance with the 
appropriate public land law, and
    (2) Settlement or entry was not in violation of Public Land Order 
4582, as amended. Any person who entered or settled upon land in 
violation of that public land order has gained no rights.
    (c) In the event land excluded from conveyance under paragraph (a) 
of this section reverts to the United States, the grantee or his 
successor in interest shall be afforded an opportunity to acquire such 
land by exchange pursuant to section 22(f) of the Act.



Sec. 2650.3-2  Mining claims.

    (a) Possessory rights. Pursuant to section 22(c) of the Act, on any 
lands to be conveyed to village or regional corporations, any person who 
prior to August 31, 1971, initiated a valid mining claim or location, 
including millsites, under the general mining laws and recorded notice 
thereof with the appropriate State or local office, shall not be 
challenged by the United States as to his possessory rights, if all 
requirements of the general mining laws are met. However, the validity 
of any unpatented mining claim may be contested by the United States, 
the grantee of the United States or its successor in interest, or by any 
person who may initiate a private contest. Contest proceedings and 
appeals therefrom shall be to the Interior Board of Land Appeals.
    (b) Patent requirements met. An acceptable mineral patent 
application must be filed with the appropriate Bureau of Land Management 
office not later than December 18, 1976, on lands conveyed to village or 
regional corporations.
    (1) Upon a showing that a mineral survey cannot be completed by 
December 18, 1976, the filing of an application for a mineral survey, 
which states on its face that it was filed for the purpose of proceeding 
to patent, will constitute an acceptable mineral patent application, 
provided all applicable requirements under the general mining laws have 
been met.
    (2) The failure of an applicant to prosecute diligently his 
application for mineral patent to completion will result in the loss of 
benefits afforded by section 22(c) of the Act.
    (3) The appropriate office of the Bureau of Land Management shall 
give notice of the filing of an application under this section to the 
village or regional corporation which has selection rights in the land 
covered by the application.
    (c) Patent requirements not met. Any mineral patent application 
filed after December 18, 1976, on land conveyed to any village or 
regional corporation pursuant to this Act, will be rejected for lack of 
departmental jurisdiction. After that date, patent applications may 
continue to be filed on land not conveyed to village or regional 
corporations until such land is conveyed.

(43 U.S.C. 1601-1624)

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 40 FR 33174, Aug. 6, 1975]



Sec. 2650.4  Conveyance reservations.



Sec. 2650.4-1  Existing rights and contracts.

    Any conveyance issued for surface and subsurface rights under this 
act will be subject to any lease, contract, permit, right-of-way, or 
easement and the rights of the lessee, contractee, permittee, or grantee 
to the complete enjoyment of all rights, privileges, and benefits 
thereby granted him.



Sec. 2650.4-2  Succession of interest.

    Upon issuance of any conveyance under this authority, the grantee 
thereunder shall succeed and become entitled to any and all interests of 
the State of Alaska or of the United States as lessor, contractor, 
permitter, or grantor, in any such lease, contract, permit, right-of-
way, or easement covering the estate conveyed, subject to the provisions 
of section 14(g) of the Act.



Sec. 2650.4-3  Administration.

    Leases, contracts, permits, rights-of-way, or easements granted 
prior to the issuance of any conveyance under this

[[Page 185]]

authority shall continue to be administered by the State of Alaska or by 
the United States after the conveyance has been issued, unless the 
responsible agency waives administration. Where the responsible agency 
is an agency of the Department of the Interior, administration shall be 
waived when the conveyance covers all the land embraced within a lease, 
contract, permit, right-of-way, or easement, unless there is a finding 
by the Secretary that the interest of the United States requires 
continuation of the administration by the United States. In the latter 
event, the Secretary shall not renegotiate or modify any lease, 
contract, right-of-way or easement, or waive any right or benefit 
belonging to the grantee until he has notified the grantee and allowed 
him an opportunity to present his views.



Sec. 2650.4-4  Revenues. [Reserved]



Sec. 2650.4-5  National forest lands.

    Every conveyance which includes lands within the boundaries of a 
national forest shall, as to such lands, contain reservations that:
    (a) Until December 18, 1976, the sale of any timber from the land is 
subject to the same restrictions relating to the export of timber from 
the United States as are applicable to national forest lands in Alaska 
under rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture; and,
    (b) Until December 18, 1983, the land shall be managed under the 
principles of sustained yield and under management practices for 
protection and enhancement of environmental quality no less stringent 
than such management practices on adjacent national forest lands.



Sec. 2650.4-6  National wildlife refuge system lands.

    (a) Every conveyance which includes lands within the national 
wildlife refuge system shall, as to such lands, provide that the United 
States has the right of first refusal so long as such lands remain 
within the system. The right of first refusal shall be for a period of 
120 days from the date of notice to the United States that the owner of 
the land has received a bona fide offer of purchase. The United States 
shall exercise such right of first refusal by written notice to the 
village corporation within such 120-day period. The United States shall 
not be deemed to have exercised its right of first refusal if the 
village corporation does not consummate the sale in accordance with the 
notice to the United States.
    (b) Every conveyance which covers lands lying within the boundaries 
of a national wildlife refuge in existence on December 18, 1971, shall 
provide that the lands shall remain subject to the laws and regulations 
governing use and development of such refuge so long as such lands 
remain in the refuge. Regulations governing use and development of 
refuge lands conveyed pursuant to section 14 shall permit such uses that 
will not materially impair the values for which the refuge was 
established.



Sec. 2650.4-7  Public easements.

    (a) General requirements. (1) Only public easements which are 
reasonably necessary to guarantee access to publicly owned lands or 
major waterways and the other public uses which are contained in these 
regulations, or to guarantee international treaty obligations shall be 
reserved.
    (2) In identifying appropriate public easements assessment shall be 
made in writing of the use and purpose to be accommodated.
    (3) The primary standard for determining which public easements are 
reasonably necessary for access shall be present existing use. However, 
a public easement may be reserved absent a demonstration of present 
existing use only if it is necessary to guarantee international treaty 
obligations, if there is no reasonable alternative route or site 
available, or if the public easement is for access to an isolated tract 
or area of publicly owned land. When adverse impacts on Native culture, 
lifestyle, and subsistence needs are likely to occur because of the 
reservation of a public easement, alternative routes shall be assessed 
and reserved where reasonably available. The natural environment and 
other relevant factors shall also be considered.
    (4) All public easements which are reserved shall be specific as to 
use, location, and size. Standard sizes and uses

[[Page 186]]

which are delineated in this subsection may be varied only when 
justified by special circumstances.
    (5) Transportation, communication, and utility easements shall be 
combined where the combination of such easements is reasonable 
considering the primary purposes for which easement is to be reserved.
    (6) Public easements may be reserved to provide access to present 
existing Federal, State, or municipal corporation sites; these sites 
themselves shall not be reserved as public easements. Unless otherwise 
justified, access to these sites shall be limited to government use.
    (7) Scenic easements or easements for recreation on lands conveyed 
pursuant to the Act shall not be reserved. Nor shall public easements be 
reserved to hunt or fish from or on lands conveyed pursuant to the Act.
    (8) The identification of needed easements and major waterways shall 
include participation by appropriate Natives and Native corporations, 
LUPC, State, Federal agencies, and other members of the public.
    (9) After reviewing the identified easements needs, the Director 
shall tentatively determine which easements shall be reserved. Tentative 
determinations of major waterways shall also be made by the Director and 
shall apply to rivers, streams, and lakes. All lakes over 640 acres in 
size shall be screened to determine if they qualify as major waterways. 
Those smaller than 640 acres may be considered on a case-by-case basis. 
The Director shall issue a notice of proposed easements which notifies 
all parties that participated in the development of the easement needs 
and information on major waterways as to the tentative easement 
reservations and which directs that all comments be sent to the LUPC and 
the Director.
    (10) The State and the LUPC shall be afforded 90 days after notice 
by the Director to make recommendations with respect to the inclusion of 
public easements in any conveyance. If the Director does not receive a 
recommendation from the LUPC or the State within the time period herein 
called for, he may proceed with his determinations.
    (11) Prior to making a determination of public easements to be 
reserved, the Director shall review the recommendations of the LUPC, 
appropriate Native corporation(s), other Federal agencies, the State, 
and the public. Consideration shall be given to recommendations for 
public easement reservations which are timely submitted to the Bureau of 
Land Management and accompanied by written justification.
    (12) The Director, after such review, shall prepare a decision to 
convey that includes all necessary easements and other appropriate terms 
and conditions relating to conveyance of the land. If the decision 
prepared by the Director is contrary to the LUPC's recommendations, he 
shall notify the LUPC of the variance(s) and shall afford the LUPC 10 
days in which to document the reasons for its disagreement before making 
his final decision. The Director shall then issue a Decision to Issue 
Conveyance (DIC).
    (13) The Director shall terminate a public easement if it is not 
used for the purpose for which it was reserved by the date specified in 
the conveyance, if any, or by December 18, 2001, whichever occurs first, 
He may terminate an easement at any time if he finds that conditions are 
such that its retention is no longer needed for public use or 
governmental function. However, the Director shall not terminate an 
access easement to isolated tracts of publicly owned land solely because 
of the absence of proof of public use. Public easements which have been 
reserved to guarantee international treaty obligations shall not be 
terminated unless the Secretary determines that the reasons for such 
easements no longer justify the reservation. No public easement shall be 
terminated without proper notice and an opportunity for submission of 
written comments or for a hearing if a hearing is deemed to be necessary 
by either the Director or the Secretary.
    (b) Transportation easements. (1) Public easements for 
transportation purposes which are reasonably necessary to guarantee the 
public's ability to reach publicly owned lands or major waterways may be 
reserved across lands conveyed to Native corporations. Such purposes may 
also include transportation to and from communities,

[[Page 187]]

airports, docks, marine coastline, groups of private holdings sufficient 
in number to constitute a public use, and government reservations or 
installations. Public easements may also be reserved for railroads. If 
public easements are to be reserved, they shall:
    (i) Be reserved across Native lands only if there is no reasonable 
alternative route of transportation across publicly owned lands;
    (ii) Within the standard of reasonable necessity, be limited in 
number and not duplicative of one another (nonduplication does not 
preclude separate easements for winter and summer trails, if otherwise 
justified);
    (iii) Be subject only to specific uses and sizes which shall be 
placed in the appropriate interim conveyance and patent documents;
    (iv) Follow existing routes of travel unless a variance is otherwise 
justified;
    (v) Be reserved for future roads, including railroads and roads for 
future logging operations, only if they are site specific and actually 
planned for construction within 5 years of the date of conveyance;
    (vi) Be reserved in topographically suitable locations whenever the 
location is not otherwise determined by an existing route of travel or 
when there is no existing site;
    (vii) Be reserved along the marine coastline only to preserve a 
primary route of travel between coastal communities, publicly owned 
uplands, or coastal communities and publicly owned uplands;
    (viii) Be reserved from publicly owned uplands to the marine 
coastline only if significant present existing use has occurred on those 
publicly owned lands below the line of mean high tide. However, for 
isolated tracts of publicly owned uplands, public easements may be 
reserved to provide transportation from the marine coastline if there is 
no other reasonable transportation route;
    (ix) Be reserved along major waterways only to provide short 
portages or transportation routes around obstructions. However, this 
condition does not preclude the reservation of a trail or road easement 
which happens to run alongside a waterway;
    (x) Not be reserved on the beds of major waterways except where use 
of the bed is related to road or trail purposes, portaging, or changing 
the mode of travel between water and land (e.g., launching or landing a 
boat); a specific portion of the bed or shore of the waterway which is 
necessary to provide portage or transportation routes around 
obstructions, including those that are dangerous or impassible or 
seasonably dangerous or impassible, may be reserved.
    (xi) Not be reserved on the beds of nonmajor waterways except where 
use of the beds is related to road or trail purposes. However, this 
exception shall not be used to reserve a continuous linear easement on 
the streambed to facilitate access by boat.
    (xii) Not be reserved simply to reflect patterns of Native use on 
Native lands;
    (xiii) Not be reserved for the purpose of protecting Native 
stockholders from their respective corporations;
    (xiv) Not be reserved on the basis of subsistence use of the lands 
of one village by residents of another village.
    (2) Transportation easements shall be limited to roads and sites 
which are related to access. The use of these easements shall be 
controlled by applicable Federal, State, or municipal corporation laws 
or regulations. The uses stated herein will be specified in the interim 
conveyance and patent documents as permitted uses of the easement.
    (i) The width of a trail easement shall be no more than 25 feet if 
the uses to be accommodated are for travel by foot, dogsleds, animals, 
snowmobiles, two and three-wheel vehicles, and small all-terrain 
vehicles (less than 3,000 lbs. G.V.W.);
    (ii) The width of a trail easement shall be no more than 50 feet if 
the uses to be accommodated are for travel by large all-terrain vehicles 
(more than 3,000 lbs. G.V.W.), track vehicles and 4-wheel drive 
vehicles, in addition to the uses included under paragraph (b)(2)(i) of 
this section;
    (iii) The width of an existing road easement shall be no more than 
60 feet if the uses to be accommodated are for travel by automobiles or 
trucks in addition to the uses included under paragraphs (b)(2) (i) and 
(ii) of this section. However, if an existing road is wider

[[Page 188]]

than 60 feet, the specific public easement may encompass that wider 
width. For proposed roads, including U.S. Forest Service logging roads, 
the width of the public easement shall be 100 feet, unless otherwise 
justified. Prior to construction, trail uses which are included under 
paragraphs (b)(2) (i) and (ii) of this section may be permitted if 
otherwise justified and may continue if the road is not built. If after 
the road has been constructed a lesser width is sufficient to 
accommodate the road, the Director shall reduce the size of the easement 
to that width.
    (iv) The width of a proposed railroad easement shall be 100 feet on 
either side of the center line of any such railroad.
    (3) Site easements. Site easements which are related to 
transportation may be reserved for aircraft landing or vehicle parking 
(e.g., aircraft, boats, ATV's, cars, trucks), temporary camping, loading 
or unloading at a trail head, along an access route or waterway, or 
within a reasonable distance of a transportation route or waterway where 
there is a demonstrated need to provide for transportation to publicly 
owned lands or major waterways. Temporary camping, loading, or unloading 
shall be limited to 24 hours. Site easements shall not be reserved for 
recreational use such as fishing, unlimited camping, or other purposes 
not associated with use of the public easement for transportation. Site 
easements shall not be reserved for future logging or similar operations 
(e.g., log dumps, campsites, storage or staging areas). Before site 
easements are reserved on transportation routes or on major waterways, a 
reasonable effort shall be made to locate parking, camping, beaching, or 
aircraft landing sites on publicly owned lands; particularly, publicly 
owned lands in or around communities, or bordering the waterways. If a 
site easement is to be reserved, it shall:
    (i) Be subject to the provisions of paragraphs (b)(1) (ii), (iii), 
(vi), (xii), (xiii), and (xiv) of this section.
    (ii) Be no larger than one acre in size and located on existing 
sites unless a variance is in either instance, otherwise justified;
    (iii) Be reserved on the marine coastline only at periodic points 
along the coast where they are determined to be reasonably necessary to 
facilitate transportation on coastal waters or transportation between 
coastal waters and publicly owned uplands;
    (iv) Be reserved only at periodic points on major waterways. Uses 
shall be limited to those activities which are related to travel on the 
waterway or to travel between the waterway and publicly owned lands. 
Also, periodic site easements shall be those necessary to allow a 
reasonable pattern of travel on the waterway;
    (v) Be reserved for aircraft landing strips only if they have 
present significant use and are a necessary part of a transportation 
system for access to publicly owned lands and are not suitable for 
reservation under section 14(c)(4) of the Act. Any such easement shall 
encompass only that area which is used for takeoffs and landings and any 
clear space around such site that is needed for parking or public 
safety.
    (c) Miscellaneous easements. The public easements referred to in 
this subsection which do not fall into the categories above may be 
reserved in order to continue certain uses of publicly owned lands and 
major waterways. These public easements shall be limited in number. The 
identification and size of these public easements may vary from place to 
place depending upon particular circumstances. When not controlled by 
applicable law or regulation, size shall not exceed that which is 
reasonably necessary for the purposes of the identified easement. 
Miscellaneous easements may be reserved for the following purposes:
    (1) Public easements which are for utility purposes (e.g., water, 
electricity, communications, oil, gas, and sewage) may be reserved and 
shall be based upon present existing use. Future easements for these 
purposes may also be reserved, but only if they are site specific and 
actually planned for construction within 5 years of the date of 
conveyance;

[[Page 189]]

    (2) Easements for air light or visibility purposes may be reserved 
if required to insure public safety or to permit proper use of 
improvements developed for public benefit or use; e.g., protection for 
aviation or navigation aids or communications sites;
    (3) Public easements may be reserved to guarantee international 
treaty obligations or to implement any agreement entered into between 
the United States and the Native Corporation receiving the conveyance. 
For example, the agreement of May 14, 1974, related to Naval Petroleum 
Reserve Number Four (redesignated June 1, 1977, as the National 
Petroleum Reserve-Alaska) between the United States Department of the 
Navy and the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation and four Native village 
corporations, shall be incorporated in the appropriate conveyances and 
the easements necessary to implement the agreement shall be reserved.
    (d) Conveyance provisions. (1) Public easement provisions shall be 
placed in interim conveyances and patents.
    (2) Permissible uses of a specific easement shall be listed in the 
appropriate conveyance document. The conveyance documents shall include 
a general provision which states that uses which are not specifically 
listed are prohibited.
    (3) The easements shall be identified on appropriate maps which 
shall be part of the pertinent interim conveyance and patent.
    (4) All public easement shall be reserved to the United States and 
subject, as appropriate, to further Federal, State, or municipal 
corporation regulation.
    (5) All conveyance documents shall contain a general provision which 
states that pursuant to section 17(b)(2) of the Act, any valid existing 
right recognized by the Act shall continue to have whatever right of 
access as is now provided for under existing law.

[43 FR 55329, Nov. 27, 1978]



Sec. 2650.5  Survey requirements.



Sec. 2650.5-1  General.

    (a) Selected areas are to be surveyed as provided in section 13 of 
the Act. Any survey or description used as a basis for conveyance must 
be adequate to identify the lands to be conveyed.
    (b) The following procedures shall be used to determine what acreage 
is not to be charged against Native entitlement:
    (1) For any approved plat of survey where meanderable water bodies 
were not segregated from the survey but were included in the calculation 
of acreage to be charged against the Native corporation's land 
entitlement, the chargeable acreage shall, at no cost to the Native 
corporation, be recalculated to conform to the principles contained in 
the Bureau of Land Management's Manual of Surveying Instructions, 1973, 
except as modified by this part. Pursuant to such principles, the 
acreage of meanderable water bodies, as modified by this part, shall not 
be included in the acreage charged against the Native corporation's land 
entitlement.
    (2) For any plat of survey approved after December 5, 1983, water 
bodies shall be meandered and segregated from the survey in accordance 
with the principles contained in the Bureau of Land Management's Manual 
of Surveying Instructions, 1973, as modified by this part, as the basis 
for determining acreage chargeability.
    (3) If title to lands beneath navigable waters, as defined in the 
Submerged Lands Act, of a lake less than 50 acres in size or a river or 
stream less than 3 chains in width did not vest in the State on the date 
of Statehood, such lake, river or stream shall not be meandered and 
shall be charged against the Native corporation's entitlement.
    (4) Any determinations of meanders which may be made pursuant to 
this paragraph shall not require monumentation on the ground unless 
specifically required by law or for good cause in the public interest.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 50 FR 15547, Apr. 19, 1985]



Sec. 2650.5-2  Rule of approximation.

    To assure full entitlement, the rule of approximation may be applied 
with respect to the acreage limitations applicable to conveyances and 
surveys under this authority, i.e., any excess must be less than the 
deficiency would be if the smallest legal subdivision were eliminated 
(see 62 I.D. 417, 421).

[[Page 190]]



Sec. 2650.5-3  Regional surveys.

    Lands to be conveyed to a regional corporation, when selected in 
contiguous units, shall be grouped together for the purpose of survey 
and surveyed as one tract, with monuments being established on the 
exterior boundary at angle points and at intervals of approximately 2 
miles on straight lines. If requested by the grantee, the Secretary may 
survey, insofar as practicable, the individual selections that comprise 
the total tract.



Sec. 2650.5-4  Village surveys.

    (a) Only the exterior boundaries of contiguous entitlements for each 
village corporation will be surveyed. Where land within the outer 
perimeter of a selection is not selected, the boundaries along the area 
excluded shall be deemed exterior boundaries. The survey will be made 
after the total acreage entitlement of the village has been selected.
    (b) Surveys will be made within the village corporation selections 
to delineate those tracts required by law to be conveyed by the village 
corporations pursuant to section 14(c) of the Act.
    (c) (1) The boundaries of the tracts described in paragraph (b) of 
this section shall be posted on the ground and shown on a map which has 
been approved in writing by the affected village corporation and 
submitted to the Bureau of Land Management. Conflicts arising among 
potential transferees identified in section 14(c) of the Act, or between 
the village corporation and such transferees, will be resolved prior to 
submission of the map. Occupied lots to be surveyed will be those which 
were occupied as of December 18, 1971.
    (2) Lands shown by the records of the Bureau of Land Management as 
not having been conveyed to the village corporation will be excluded by 
adjustments on the map by the Bureau of Land Management. No surveys 
shall begin prior to final written approval of the map by the village 
corporation and the Bureau of Land Management. After such written 
approval, the map will constitute a plan of survey. Surveys will then be 
made in accordance with the plan of survey. No further changes will be 
made to accommodate additional section 14(c) transferees, and no 
additional survey work desired by the village corporation or 
municipality within the area covered by the plan of survey or 
immediately adjacent thereto will be performed by the Secretary.



Sec. 2650.5-5  Cemetery sites and historical places.

    Only those cemetery sites and historical places to be conveyed under 
section 14(h)(1) of the Act shall be surveyed.



Sec. 2650.5-6  Adjustment to plat of survey.

    All conveyances issued for lands not covered by officially approved 
surveys of the Bureau of Land Management shall note that upon the filing 
of an official plat of survey, the boundary of the selected area, 
described in terms of protraction diagrams or by metes and bounds, shall 
be redescribed in accordance with the plats of survey. However, no 
change will be made in the land selected.



Sec. 2650.6  Selection limitations.

    (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of the act, no village or 
regional corporation may select lands which are within 2 miles from the 
boundary of any home rule or first-class city (excluding boroughs) as 
the boundaries existed and the cities were classified on December 18, 
1971, or which are within 6 miles from the boundary of Ketchikan, except 
that a village corporation organized by Natives of a community which is 
itself a first class or home-rule city is not prohibited from making 
selections within 2 miles from the boundary of that first class or home-
rule city, unless such selections fall within 2 miles from the boundary 
of another first class or home-rule city which is not itself a Native 
village or within 6 miles from the boundary of Ketchikan.
    (b) Determination as to which cities were classified as home rule or 
first class as of December 18, 1971, and their boundaries as of that 
date will be made in accordance with the laws of the State of Alaska.
    (c) If any village corporation whose land withdrawals encompass 
Dutch Harbor is found eligible under this act, it may select lands 
pursuant to subpart

[[Page 191]]

2651 of this chapter and receive a conveyance under the terms of section 
14(a) of the Act.



Sec. 2650.7  Publication.

    In order to determine whether there are any adverse claimants to the 
land, the applicant should publish notice of his application. If the 
applicant decides to avail himself of the privilege of publishing a 
notice to all adverse claimants and requests it, the authorized officer 
will prepare a notice for publication. The publication will be in 
accordance with the following procedure:
    (a) The applicant will have the notice published allowing all 
persons claiming the land adversely to file in the appropriate land 
office their objections to the issuance of any conveyance. The notice 
shall be published once a week for 4 consecutive weeks in a newspaper of 
general circulation.
    (b) The applicant shall file a statement of the publisher, 
accompanied by a copy of the published notice, showing that publication 
has been had for 4 consecutive weeks. The applicant must pay the cost of 
publication.
    (c) Any adverse claimant must serve on the applicant a copy of his 
objections and furnish evidence of service thereof to the appropriate 
land office.
    (d) For all land selections made under the Act, in order to give 
actual notice of the decision of the Bureau of Land Management proposing 
to convey lands, the decision shall be served on all known parties of 
record who claim to have a property interest or other valid existing 
right in land affected by such decision, the appropriate regional 
corporation, and any Federal agency of record. In order to give 
constructive notice of the decision to any unknown parties, or to known 
parties who cannot be located after reasonable efforts have been 
expended to locate, who claim a property interest or other valid 
existing right in land affected by the decision, notice of the decision 
shall be published once in the Federal Register and, once a week, for 
four (4) consecutive weeks, in one or more newspapers of general 
circulation in the State of Alaska nearest the locality where the land 
affected by the decision is situated, if possible. Any decision or 
notice actually served on parties or constructively served on parties in 
accord with this subsection shall state that any party claiming a 
property interest in land affected by the decision may appeal the 
decision to the Board of Land Appeals. The decision or notice of 
decision shall also state that:
    (1) Any party receiving actual notice of the decision shall have 30 
days from the receipt of actual notice to file an appeal; and,
    (2) That any unknown parties, any parties unable to be located after 
reasonable efforts have been expended to locate, and any parties who 
failed or refused to sign a receipt for actual notice, shall have 30 
days from the date of publication in the Federal Register to file an 
appeal. Furthermore, the decision or notice of decision shall inform 
readers where further information on the manner of, and requirements 
for, filing appeal may be obtained, and shall also state that any party 
known or unknown who may claim a property interest which is adversely 
affected by the decision shall be deemed to have waived their rights 
which were adversely affected unless an appeal is filed in accordance 
with the requirements stated in the decisions or notices provided for in 
this subsection and the regulation governing such appeals set out in 43 
CFR part 4, subpart E.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 41 FR 14737, Apr. 7, 1976; 41 
FR 17909, Apr. 29, 1976; 49 FR 6373, Feb. 21, 1984]



Sec. 2650.8  Appeals.

    Any decision relating to a land selection shall become final unless 
appealed to the Board of Land Appeals by a person entitled to appeal, 
under, and in accordance with, subpart E of part 4, 43 CFR.

(43 U.S.C. 1601-1624)

[40 FR 33175, Aug. 6, 1975]



                     Subpart 2651_Village Selections



Sec. 2651.0-3  Authority.

    Sections 12 and 16(b) of the Act provide for the selection of lands 
by eligible village corporations.

[[Page 192]]



Sec. 2651.1  Entitlement.

    (a) Village corporations eligible for land benefits under the Act 
shall be entitled to a conveyance to the surface estate in accordance 
with sections 14(a) and 16(b) of the Act.
    (b) In addition to the land benefits in paragraph (a) of this 
section, each eligible village corporation shall be entitled to select 
and receive a conveyance to the surface estate for such acreage as is 
reallocated to the village corporation in accordance with section 12(b) 
of the Act.



Sec. 2651.2  Eligibility requirements.

    (a) Pursuant to sections 11(b) and 16(a) of the Act, the Director, 
Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall review and make a 
determination, not later than December 19, 1973, as to which villages 
are eligible for benefits under the act.
    (1) Review of listed native villages. The Director, Juneau Area 
Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall make a determination of the 
eligibility of villages listed in section 11(b)(1) and 16(a) of the Act. 
He shall investigate and examine available records and evidence that may 
have a bearing on the character of the village and its eligibility 
pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section.
    (2) Findings of fact and notice of proposed decision. After 
completion of the investigation and examination of records and evidence 
with respect to the eligibility of a village listed in sections 11(b)(1) 
and 16(a) of the Act for land benefits, the Director, Juneau Area 
Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall publish in the Federal Register 
and in one or more newspapers of general circulation in Alaska his 
proposed decision with respect to such eligibility and shall mail a copy 
of the proposed decision to the affected village, all villages located 
in the region in which the affected village is located, all regional 
corporations within the State of Alaska and the State of Alaska. His 
proposed decision is subject to protest by any interested party within 
30 days of the publication of the proposed decision in the Federal 
Register. If no valid protest is received within the 30-day period, such 
proposed decision shall become final and shall be published in the 
Federal Register. If the final decision is in favor of a listed village, 
the Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall issue 
a certificate as to the eligibility of the village in question for land 
benefits under the act, and certify the record and the decision to the 
Secretary. Copies of the final decisions and certificates of village 
eligibility shall be mailed to the affected village, all villages 
located in the region in which the affected village is located, all 
regional corporations within the State of Alaska, and the state of 
Alaska.
    (3) Protest. Within 30 days from the date of publication of the 
proposed decision in the Federal Register, any interested party may 
protest a proposed decision as to the eligibility of a village. No 
protest shall be considered which is not accompanied by supporting 
evidence. The protest shall be mailed to the Director, Juneau Area 
Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs.
    (4) Action on protest. Upon receipt of a protest, the Director, 
Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall examine and evaluate 
the protest and supporting evidence required herein, together with his 
record of findings of fact and proposed decision, and shall render a 
decision on the eligibility of the Native village that is the subject of 
the protest. Such decision shall be rendered within 30 days from the 
receipt of the protest and supporting evidence by the Director, Juneau 
Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs. The decision of the Director, 
Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall be published in the 
Federal Register and in one or more newspapers of general circulation in 
the State of Alaska and a copy of the decision and findings of fact upon 
which the decision is based shall be mailed to the affected village, all 
villages located in the region in which the affected village is located, 
all regional corporations within the State of Alaska, the State of 
Alaska, and any other party of record. Such decision shall become final 
unless appealed to the Secretary by a notice filed within 30 days of its 
publication in the Federal Register in accordance with the regulations 
governing appeals set out in 43 CFR part 4, subpart E.

[[Page 193]]

    (5) Action on appeals. Appeals shall be made to the Board of Land 
Appeals in accordance with subpart E of part 4 of this title. Decisions 
of the Board on village eligibility appeals are not final until 
personally approved by the Secretary.
    (6) Applications by unlisted villages for determination of 
eligibility. The head or any authorized subordinate officer of a Native 
village not listed in section 11(b) of the Act may file on behalf of the 
unlisted village an application for a determination of its eligibility 
for land benefits under the act. Such application shall be filed in 
duplicate with the Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian 
Affairs, prior to September 1, 1973. If the application does not 
constitute prima facie evidence of compliance with the requirements of 
paragraph (b) of this section, he shall return the application to the 
party filing the same with a statement of reasons for return of the 
application, but such filing, even if returned, shall constitute timely 
filing of the application. The Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of 
Indian Affairs, shall immediately forward an application which appears 
to meet the criteria for eligibility to the appropriate office of the 
Bureau of Land Management for filing. Each application must identify the 
township or townships in which the Native village is located.
    (7) Segregation of land. The receipt of the selection application 
for filing by the Bureau of Land Management shall operate to segregate 
the lands in the vicinity of the village as provided in sections 
11(a)(1) and (2) of the Act.
    (8) Action on application for eligibility. Upon receipt of an 
application which appears to meet the criteria for eligibility, the 
Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall have a 
notice of the filing of the application published in the Federal 
Register and in one or more newspapers of general circulation in Alaska 
and shall promptly review the statements contained in the application. 
He shall investigate and examine available records and evidence that may 
have a bearing on the character of the village and its eligibility 
pursuant to this subpart 2651, and thereafter make findings of fact as 
to the character of the village. No later than December 19, 1973, the 
Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall make a 
determination as to the eligibility of the village as a Native village 
for land benefits under the act and shall issue a decision. He shall 
publish his decision in the Federal Register and in one or more 
newspapers of general circulation in Alaska and shall mail a copy of the 
decision to the representative or representatives of the village, all 
villages in the region in which the village is located, all regional 
corporations, and the State of Alaska.
    (9) Protest to eligibility determination. Any interested party may 
protest a decision of the Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian 
Affairs, regarding the eligibility of a Native village for land benefits 
under the provisions of sections 11(b)(3)(A) and (B) of the Act by 
filing a notice of protest with the Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau 
of Indian Affairs, within 30 days from the date of publication of the 
decision in the Federal Register. A copy of the protest must be mailed 
to the representative or representatives of the village, all villages in 
the region in which the village is located, all regional corporations 
within Alaska, the State of Alaska, and any other parties of record. If 
no protest is received within the 30-day period, the decision shall 
become final and the Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian 
Affairs, shall certify the record and the decision to the Secretary. No 
protest shall be considered which is not accompanied by supporting 
evidence. Anyone protesting a decision concerning the eligibility or 
ineligibility of an unlisted Native village shall have the burden of 
proof in establishing that the decision is incorrect. Anyone appealing a 
decision concerning the eligibility or ineligibility of an unlisted 
Native village shall have the burden of proof in establishing that the 
decision is incorrect.
    (10) Action on protest appeal. Upon receipt of a protest, the 
Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, shall follow the 
procedure outlined in paragraph (a)(4) of this section. If an appeal is 
taken from a decision on eligibility, the provisions of paragraph (a)(5) 
of this section shall apply.

[[Page 194]]

    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(4) of this section, villages 
must meet each of the following criteria to be eligible for benefits 
under sections 14(a) and (b) of the Act:
    (1) There must be 25 or more Native residents of the village on 
April 1, 1970, as shown by the census or other evidence satisfactory to 
the Secretary. A Native properly enrolled to the village shall be deemed 
a resident of the village.
    (2) The village shall have had on April 1, 1970, an identifiable 
physical location evidenced by occupancy consistent with the Natives' 
own cultural patterns and life style and at least 13 persons who 
enrolled thereto must have used the village during 1970 as a place where 
they actually lived for a period of time: Provided, That no village 
which is known as a traditional village shall be disqualified if it 
meets the other criteria specified in this subsection by reason of 
having been temporarily unoccupied in 1970 because of an act of God or 
government authority occurring within the preceding 10 years.
    (3) The village must not be modern and urban in character. A village 
will be considered to be of modern and urban character if the Secretary 
determines that it possessed all the following attributes as of April 1, 
1970:
    (i) Population over 600.
    (ii) A centralized water system and sewage system that serves a 
majority of the residents.
    (iii) Five or more business establishments which provide goods or 
services such as transient accommodations or eating establishments, 
specialty retail stores, plumbing and electrical services, etc.
    (iv) Organized police and fire protection.
    (v) Resident medical and dental services, other than those provided 
by Indian Health Service.
    (vi) Improved streets and sidewalks maintained on a year-round 
basis.
    (4) In the case of unlisted villages, a majority of the residents 
must be Native, but in the case of villages listed in sections 11 and 16 
of the Act, a majority of the residents must be Native only if the 
determination is made that the village is modern and urban pursuant to 
paragraph (b)(3) of this section.

(43 U.S.C. 1601-1624)

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 40 FR 33175, Aug. 6, 1975; 49 
FR 6373, Feb. 21, 1984]



Sec. 2651.3  Selection period.

    Each eligible village corporation must file its selection 
application(s) not later than December 18, 1974, under sections 12(a) or 
16(b) of the Act; and not later than December 18, 1975, under section 
12(b) of the Act.



Sec. 2651.4  Selection limitations.

    (a) Each eligible village corporation may select the maximum surface 
acreage entitlement under sections 12(a) and (b) and section 16(b) of 
the Act. Village corporations selecting lands under sections 12(a) and 
(b) may not select more than:
    (1) 69,120 acres from land that, prior to January 17, 1969, has been 
selected by, or tentatively approved to, but not yet patented to the 
State under the Alaska Statehood Act; and
    (2) 69,120 acres of land from the National Wildlife Refuge System; 
and
    (3) 69,120 acres of land from the National Forest System.
    (b) To the extent necessary to obtain its entitlement, each eligible 
village corporation shall select all available lands within the township 
or townships within which all or part of the village is located, and 
shall complete its selection from among all other available lands. 
Selections shall be contiguous and, taking into account the situation 
and potential uses of the lands involved, the total area selected shall 
be reasonably compact, except where separated by lands which are 
unavailable for selection. The total area selected will not be 
considered to be reasonably compact if (1) it excludes other lands 
available for selection within its exterior boundaries; or (2) lands 
which are similar in character to the village site or lands ordinarily 
used by the village inhabitants are disregarded in the selection 
process; or (3) an isolated tract of public land of less than 1,280 
acres remains after selection.
    (c) The lands selected under sections 12(a) or (b) shall be in whole 
sections

[[Page 195]]

where they are available, or shall include all available lands in less 
than whole sections, and, wherever feasible, shall be in units of not 
less than 1,280 acres. Lands selected under section 16(b) of the Act 
shall conform to paragraph (b) of this section and shall conform as 
nearly as practicable to the U.S. land survey system.
    (d) Village corporation selections within sections 11 (a)(1) and 
(a)(3) areas shall be given priority over regional corporation 
selections for the same lands.
    (e) Village or regional corporations are not required to select 
lands within an unpatented mining claim or millsite. Unpatented mining 
claims and millsites shall be deemed to be selected, unless they are 
excluded from the selection by metes and bounds or other suitable 
description and there is attached to the selection application a copy of 
the notice of location and any amendments thereto. If the village or 
regional corporation selection omits lands within an unpatented mining 
claim or millsite, this will not be construed as violating the 
requirements for compactness and contiguity. If, during the selection 
period, the excepted mining claims or millsites are declared invalid, or 
under the State of Alaska mining laws are determined to be abandoned, 
the selection will no longer be considered as compact and contiguous. 
The corporation shall be required to amend its selection, upon notice 
from the authorized officer of the Bureau of Land Management, to include 
the lands formerly included in the mining claim or millsite. If the 
corporation fails to amend its selection to include such lands, the 
selection may be rejected.
    (f) Eligible village corporations may file applications in excess of 
their total entitlement. To insure that a village acquires its selection 
in the order of its priorities, it should identify its choices 
numerically in the order it wishes them granted. Such selections must be 
filed not later than December 18, 1974, as to sections 12(a) or 16(b) 
selections and December 18, 1975, as to section 12(b) selections.
    (g) Whenever the Secretary determines that a dispute exists between 
villages over land selection rights, he shall accept, but not act on, 
selection applications from any party to the dispute until the dispute 
has been resolved in accordance with section 12(e) of the Act.
    (h) Village or regional corporations may, but are not required to, 
select lands within pending Native allotments. If the village or 
regional corporation selection omits lands within a pending Native 
allotment, this will not be construed as violating the requirements for 
compactness and contiguity. If, during the selection period, the pending 
Native allotment is finally rejected and closed, the village or regional 
corporation may amend its selection application to include all of the 
land formerly in the Native allotment application, but is not required 
to do so to meet the requirements for compactness and contiguity.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 39 FR 34543, Sept. 26, 1974; 
50 FR 15547, Apr. 19, 1985]



Sec. 2651.5  Conveyance reservations.

    In addition to the conveyance reservations in Sec. 2650.4 of this 
chapter, conveyances issued to village corporations shall provide for 
the transfer of the surface estates specified in section 14(c) of the 
Act, and shall be subject to valid existing rights under section 14(g) 
of the Act.



Sec. 2651.6  Airport and air navigation facilities.

    (a) Every airport and air navigation facility owned and operated by 
the United States which the Secretary determines is actually used in 
connection with the administration of a Federal program will be deemed a 
Federal installation under the provisions of section 3(e) of the Act, 
and the Secretary will determine the smallest practicable tract which 
shall enclose such Federal installations. Such Federal installations are 
not public lands as defined in the act and are therefore not lands 
available for selection under the provisions of these regulations.
    (b) The surface of all other lands of existing airport sites, airway 
beacons, or other navigation aids, together with such additional acreage 
or easements as are necessary to provide related services and to insure 
safe approaches

[[Page 196]]

to airport runways, shall be conveyed by the village corporation to the 
State of Alaska, and the Secretary will include in the conveyance to any 
village corporation any and all covenants which he deems necessary to 
insure the fulfillment of this obligation.



                    Subpart 2652_Regional Selections



Sec. 2652.0-3  Authority.

    Sections 12 (a)(1) and (c)(3) provide for selections by regional 
corporations; and sections 14 (e), (f), (h), (1), (2), (3), (5), and 
(8), provide for the conveyance to regional corporations of the selected 
surface and subsurface estates, as appropriate.



Sec. 2652.1  Entitlement.

    (a) Eligible regional corporations may select the maximum acreage 
granted pursuant to section 12(c) of the Act. They will be notified by 
the Secretary of their entitlement as expeditiously as possible.
    (b) Where subsurface rights are not available to the eligible 
regional corporations in lands whose surface has been conveyed under 
section 14 of the Act, the regional corporations may select an equal 
subsurface acreage from lands withdrawn under sections 11(a) (1) and (3) 
of the Act, within the region, if possible.
    (c) As appropriate, the regional corporations will receive title to 
the subsurface estate of lands, the surface estate of which is conveyed 
pursuant to section 14 of the Act.
    (d) If a 13th regional corporation is organized under section 7(c) 
of the Act, it will not be entitled to any grant of lands.



Sec. 2652.2  Selection period.

    All regional corporations must file their selection applications not 
later than December 18, 1975, for lands other than those allocated under 
section 14(h)(8) of the Act.



Sec. 2652.3  Selection limitations.

    (a) To the extent necessary to obtain its entitlement, each regional 
corporation must select all available lands withdrawn pursuant to 
sections 11(a)(1)(B) and (C) of the Act, before selecting lands 
withdrawn pursuant to section 11(a)(3) of the Act, except that regional 
corporations selecting lands withdrawn pursuant to sections 11(a)(1) (B) 
and (C) may select only even-numbered townships in even-numbered ranges 
and only odd-numbered townships in odd-numbered ranges.
    (b) Village corporation selections within section 11(a)(1) and 
section 11(a)(3) areas shall be given priority over regional corporation 
selections for the same lands.
    (c) Whenever a regional selection is made in any township, the 
regional corporation shall select all available lands in that township: 
Provided, That such selection would not exceed the entitlement of that 
regional corporation.
    (d) Subsurface selections made by a regional corporation pursuant to 
section 12(a) of the Act shall be contiguous and the total area selected 
shall be reasonably compact, except as separated by subsurface interests 
that are not the property of the United States including subsurface 
interests under bodies of water, and the selection shall be in whole 
sections where they are available, or shall include all available 
subsurface interests in less than whole sections and, wherever feasible, 
shall be in units of not less than 1,280 acres. The total area selected 
shall not be considered to be reasonably compact if (1) it excludes 
other subsurface interests available for selection within its exterior 
boundaries; or (2) an isolated tract of subsurface interests owned by 
the United States of less than 1,280 acres remains after selection.
    (e) Regional corporations are not required to select lands within 
unpatented mining claims or millsites, as provided in Sec. 2651.4(e) of 
this chapter.
    (f) Regional corporations may file applications in excess of their 
total entitlement. To insure that a regional corporation acquires its 
selections in the order of its priorities, it should identify its 
choices numerically in the order it wishes them granted.



Sec. 2652.4  Conveyance reservations.

    In addition to the conveyance reservations in Sec. 2650.4 of this 
chapter, conveyances issued to regional corporations for the subsurface 
estate of lands whose surface has been conveyed to village corporations 
shall provide

[[Page 197]]

that the right to explore, develop, or remove minerals from the 
subsurface estate in the lands within the boundaries of any Native 
village shall be subject to the consent of the village corporation.



                  Subpart 2653_Miscellaneous Selections



Sec. 2653.0-3  Authority.

    Section 14(h) of the Act requires the Secretary to withdraw and to 
convey 2 million acres of unreserved and unappropriated public lands 
located outside the areas withdrawn by sections 11 and 16 of the Act. 
The Secretary will convey the land in part as follows:
    (a) Title to existing cemetery sites and historical places to the 
regional corporations for the regions in which the lands are located;
    (b) Title to the surface estate to any Native group that qualifies 
pursuant to this subpart 2653;
    (c) Title to the surface estate of lands to the Natives residing in 
each of the cities of Sitka, Kenai, Juneau, and Kodiak, who have 
incorporated;
    (d) Title to the surface estate of land to a Native as a primary 
place of residence.
    (e) Title to the regional corporations for lands selected, if any 
remain, pursuant to section 14(h)(8) of the Act; and
    (f) Title to the subsurface estate to the regional corporations of 
lands conveyed under paragraphs (b) and (d) of this section and title to 
the regional corporations to the subsurface estate to those lands not 
located in a National Wildlife Refuge under paragraph (c) of this 
section.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 41 FR 14737, Apr. 7, 1976]



Sec. 2653.0-5  Definitions.

    (a) Cemetery site means a burial ground consisting of the gravesites 
of one or more Natives.
    (b) Historical place means a distinguishable tract of land or area 
upon which occurred a significant Native historical event, which is 
importantly associated with Native historical or cultural events or 
persons, or which was subject to sustained historical Native activity, 
but sustained Native historical activity shall not include hunting, 
fishing, berry-picking, wood gathering, or reindeer husbandry. However, 
such uses may be considered in the evaluation of the sustained Native 
historical activity associated with the tract or area.
    (c) Native group means any tribe, band, clan, village, community or 
village association of Natives composed of less than 25, but more than 3 
Natives, who comprise a majority of the residents of a locality and who 
have incorporated under the laws of the State of Alaska.
    (d) Primary place of residence means a place comprising a primary 
place of residence of an applicant on August 31, 1971, at which he 
regularly resides on a permanent or seasonal basis for a substantial 
period of time.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 41 FR 14737, Apr. 7, 1976]



Sec. 2653.1  Conveyance limitations.

    (a) Under section 14(h) of the Act, a total of 2 million acres may 
be selected for cemetery sites and historical places, Native groups, 
corporations formed by the Native residents of Sitka, Kenai, Juneau, and 
Kodiak, for primary places of residence, and for Native allotments 
approved as provided in section 18 of the Act. Selections must be made 
before July 1, 1976. Of this total amount:
    (1) 500,000 acres will be set aside to be used by the Secretary to 
satisfy applications filed pursuant to section 14(h) (1), (2), and (5) 
of the Act. The 500,000 acres will be allocated by: (i) Dividing 200,000 
acres among the regions based on the number of Natives enrolled in each 
region; and, (ii) dividing 300,000 acres equally among the regions;
    (2) 92,160 acres will be set aside for possible allocation by the 
Secretary to corporations formed by the Natives residing in Sitka, 
Kenai, Juneau, and Kodiak;
    (3) 400,000 acres will be set aside to be used by the Secretary to 
satisfy Native allotment applications approved prior to December 18, 
1975, under the Act of May 17, 1906 (34 Stat. 197), the Act of February 
8, 1887 (24 Stat. 389), as amended and supplemented, and the Act of June 
25, 1910 (36 Stat. 863). Any Native allotment applications pending

[[Page 198]]

before the Bureau of Indian Affairs or the Bureau of Land Management on 
December 18, 1971, will be considered as pending before the Department. 
Those allotment applications which have been determined to meet the 
requirements of the acts cited herein and for which survey has been 
requested before December 18, 1975, shall be considered approved under 
section 14(h)(6) of the Act and shall be charged against the acreage.
    (b) After subtracting the number of acres used in accordance with 
paragraph (a) of this section from 2 million acres, the remainder will, 
after July 1, 1976, be reallocated by the Secretary among the regional 
corporations in accordance with the number of Natives enrolled in each 
region.
    (c) No Native allotment applications pending before the Secretary on 
December 18, 1971, will be rejected solely for the reason that the 
acreage set aside by paragraph (a)(3) of this section has been 
exhausted.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973, as amended at 41 FR 14737, Apr. 7, 1976]



Sec. 2653.2  Application procedures.

    (a) All applications must be filed in accordance with the procedures 
in Sec. 2650.2(a) of this chapter.
    (b) Applications by corporations of Native groups under section 
14(h)(2) and by a Native for a primary place of residence under section 
14(h)(5) of the Act must be accompanied by written concurrence of the 
affected regional corporation. In the case of Native groups, such 
concurrence must also indicate how much land per member of the Native 
group, not to exceed 320 acres per member, the regional corporation 
recommends that the Secretary convey. Any application not accompanied by 
the necessary concurrence and recommendation of the affected region will 
be rejected.
    (c) Native groups, and Natives residing in Sitka, Kenai, Juneau, and 
Kodiak, as provided in sections 14(h) (2) and (3), respectively, must 
comply with the applicable terms of Sec. 2650.2(a), (c), (d), (e), and 
(f) of this chapter.
    (d) The filing of an application under the regulations of this 
section will constitute a request for withdrawal of the lands, and will 
segregate the lands from all other forms of appropriation under the 
public land laws, including the mining and mineral leasing laws, and 
from selection under the Alaska Statehood Act, as amended, subject to 
valid existing rights, but will not segregate the lands from selections 
under section 12 or 16 of the Act. The segregative effect of such an 
application will terminate if the application is rejected.



Sec. 2653.3  Lands available for selection.

    (a) Selection may be made for existing cemetery sites or historical 
places, Native groups, corporations formed by the Natives residing in 
Sitka, Kenai, Juneau, and Kodiak, and for primary places of residence, 
from any unappropriated and unreserved lands which the Secretary may 
withdraw for these purposes: Provided, That National Wildlife Refuge 
System lands and National Forest lands may be made available as provided 
by section 14(h)(7) of the Act and the regulations in this subpart. 
Selections for these purposes may also be made from any unappropriated 
and unreserved lands which the Secretary may withdraw from lands 
formerly withdrawn and not selected under section 16 of the Act and 
after December 18, 1975, from lands formerly withdrawn under section 
11(a)(1) or 11(a)(3) and not selected under sections 12 or 19 of the 
Act.
    (b) After December 18, 1975, selection of the lands allocated 
pursuant to Sec. 2653.1(b), shall be made from any lands previously 
withdrawn under sections 11 or 16 of the Act which are not otherwise 
appropriated.
    (c) A withdrawal made pursuant to section 17(d)(1) of the Act which 
is not part of the Secretary's recommendation to Congress of December 
18, 1973, on the four national systems shall not preclude a withdrawal 
pursuant to section 14(h) of the Act.

[41 FR 14737, Apr. 7, 1976; 41 FR 17909, Apr. 29, 1976]



Sec. 2653.4  Termination of selection period.

    Except as provided in Sec. 2653.10, applications for selections 
under this subpart will be rejected after all allocated lands, as 
provided in Sec. 2653.1, have been

[[Page 199]]

exhausted, or if the application is received after the following dates, 
whichever occurs first:
    (a) As to primary place of residence--December 18, 1973.
    (b) As to all recipients described in sections 14(h) (1), (2), and 
(3) of the Act--December 31, 1976.
    (c) As to all recipients under section 14(h)(8) of the Act and Sec. 
2653.1(b)--September 18, 1978.

[41 FR 14737, Apr. 7, 1976, as amended at 41 FR 44041, Oct. 6, 1976; 43 
FR 11822, Mar. 22, 1978]



Sec. 2653.5  Cemetery sites and historical places.

    (a) The appropriate regional corporation may apply to the Secretary 
for the conveyance of existing cemetery sites or historical places 
pursuant to section 14(h) of the Act. The Secretary may give favorable 
consideration to these applications: Provided, That the Secretary 
determines that the criteria in these regulations are met: And provided 
further, That the regional corporation agrees to accept a covenant in 
the conveyance that these cemetery sites or historical places will be 
maintained and preserved solely as cemetery sites or historical places 
by the regional corporation, in accordance with the provisions for 
conveyance reservations in Sec. 2653.11.
    (b) A historical place may be granted in a National Wildlife Refuge 
or National Forest unless, in the judgment of the Secretary, the events 
or the qualities of the site from which it derives its particular value 
and significance as a historical place can be commemorated or found in 
an alternative site outside the refuge or forest, or if the Secretary 
determines that the conveyance could have a substantial detrimental 
effect on (1) a fish or wildlife population, (2) its habitat, (3) the 
management of such population or habitat, or (4) access by a fish or 
wildlife population to a critical part of its habitat.
    (c) Although the existence of a cemetery site or historical place 
and a proper application for its conveyance create no valid existing 
right, they operate to segregate the land from all other forms of 
appropriation under the public land laws. Conveyances of lands reserved 
for the National Wildlife Refuge System made pursuant to this subpart 
are subject to the provisions of section 22(g) of the Act and Sec. 
2650.4-6 as though they were conveyances to a village corporation.
    (d) For purposes of evaluating and determining the eligibility of 
properties as historical places, the quality of significance in Native 
history or culture shall be considered to be present in places that 
possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, 
feeling and association, and:
    (1) That are associated with events that have made a significant 
contribution to the history of Alaskan Indians, Eskimos or Aleuts, or
    (2) That are associated with the lives of persons significant in the 
past of Alaskan Indians, Eskimos or Aleuts, or
    (3) That possess outstanding and demonstrably enduring symbolic 
value in the traditions and cultural beliefs and practices of Alaskan 
Indians, Eskimos or Aleuts, or
    (4) That embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, 
or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master, or 
that possess high artistic values, or
    (5) That have yielded, or are demonstrably likely to yield 
information important in prehistory or history.
    (e) Criteria considerations for historic places: Ordinarily, 
cemeteries, birthplaces, or graves of historical figures, properties 
owned by religious institutions or used for religious purposes, 
structures that have been moved from their original locations, 
reconstructed historic buildings, properties primarily commemorative in 
nature, and properties that have achieved significance within the past 
50 years shall not be considered eligible as a historical place unless 
they fall within one of the following categories:
    (1) A religious property deriving primary significance from 
architectural or artistic distinction or historical importance;
    (2) A building or structure removed from its original location but 
which is the surviving structure most importantly associated with a 
historic person or event;
    (3) A birthplace or grave of a historical figure of outstanding 
importance if there is no appropriate site or building

[[Page 200]]

directly associated with his productive life;
    (4) A cemetery which derives its primary significance from graves of 
persons of transcendent importance, from age, from distinctive design 
features, or from association with historic events;
    (5) A reconstructed building when accurately executed in a suitable 
environment and preserved in a dignified manner as part of a restoration 
master plan and when no other building or structure with the same 
association has survived;
    (6) A property primarily commemorative in intent if design, age, 
tradition, or symbolic value has invested it with its own historical 
significance; or
    (7) A property achieving significance within the past 50 years if it 
is of exceptional importance.
    (f) Applications by a regional corporation under section 14(h)(1) of 
the Act for conveyance of existing cemetery sites or historical places 
within its boundaries shall be filed with the proper office of the 
Bureau of Land Management in accordance with Sec. 2650.2(a) of this 
chapter. The regional corporation shall include as an attachment to its 
application for a historical place a statement describing the events 
that took place and the qualities of the site from which it derives its 
particular value and significance as a historical place. In making the 
application, the regional corporation should identify accurately and 
with sufficient specificity the size and location of the site for which 
the application is made as an existing cemetery site or historical place 
to enable the Bureau of Land Management to segregate the proper lands. 
The land shall be described in accordance with Sec. 2650.2(e) of this 
chapter, except that if the site under application is less than 2.50 
acres or if it cannot be described by a protracted survey description, 
it shall be described by a metes and bounds description.
    (g) Upon receipt of an application for an existing cemetery site or 
historical place, the Bureau of Land Management shall segregate from all 
other appropriation under the public land laws the land which it 
determines, adequately encompasses the site described in the 
application.
    (h) Notice of filing of such application specifying the regional 
corporation, the size and location of the segregated lands encompassing 
the site for which application has been made, the date of filing, and 
the date by which any protest of the application must be filed shall be 
published once in the Federal Register and in one or more newspapers of 
general circulation in Alaska once a week for three consecutive weeks by 
the Bureau of Land Management. The Bureau of Land Management shall then 
forward the application to the Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of 
Indian Affairs, for investigation, report, and certification and supply 
a copy to the National Park Service. When an application pertains to 
lands within a National Wildlife Refuge or National Forest, the Bureau 
of Land Management shall also forward informational copies of the 
application and the size and location of segregated lands to the agency 
or agencies involved.
    (i) If, during its investigation, the Bureau of Indian Affairs finds 
that the location of the site as described in the application is in 
error, it shall notify the applicant, the Bureau of Land Management, and 
other affected Federal agencies, of such error. The applicant shall have 
60 days from receipt of such notice to file with the Bureau of Land 
Management an amendment to its application with respect to the location 
of the site. Upon acceptance of such amendment the Bureau of Land 
Management shall reprocess the application, including segregation of 
lands and publication of notice.
    (j) The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall identify on a map and mark on 
the ground, including gravesites or other important items, the location 
and size of the site or place with sufficient clarity to enable the 
Bureau of Land Management to locate on the ground said site or place. 
The Bureau of Indian Affairs, after consultation with the National Park 
Service and, in the case of refuges and forests, the agency or agencies 
involved, shall certify as to the existence of the site or place and 
that it meets the criteria in this subpart.
    (1) Cemetery sites. The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall certify 
specifically that the site is the burial place of one

[[Page 201]]

or more Natives. The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall determine whether 
the cemetery site is in active or inactive use, and if active, it shall 
estimate the degree of use by Native groups and villages in the area 
which it shall identify.
    (2) Historical places. The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall describe 
the events that took place and qualities of the site which give it 
particular value and significance as a historical place.
    (k) The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall submit its report and 
certification along with the written comments and recommendations of the 
National Park Service and any other Federal agency, to the Bureau of 
Land Management. If the land is available, the Bureau of Land Management 
shall issue a decision to convey. However, where the issues in Sec. 
2653.5(b) are raised by the reports of the Fish and Wildlife Service or 
the Forest Service, the State Director, Bureau of Land Management shall 
submit the record including a land status report, to the Secretary for a 
resolution of any conflicts. If the land is available for that purpose, 
the Secretary shall make his determination to convey or not to convey 
the site to the applicant.
    (l) The decision of the Bureau of Land Management or the Secretary 
shall be served on the applicant and all parties of record in accordance 
with the provisions of 43 CFR part 4, subpart E and shall be published 
in accordance with Sec. 2650.7 of this part. The decision of the Bureau 
of Land Management shall become final unless appealed to the Board of 
Land Appeals in accordance with 43 CFR part 4, subpart E. Any agency 
adversely affected by the certification of BIA or the decision of the 
Bureau of Land Management may also appeal the matter to the Board of 
Land Appeals. After a decision to convey an existing cemetery site or 
historical place has become final, the Bureau of Land Management shall 
adjust the segregation of the lands to conform with said conveyance.
    (m) For inactive cemeteries, the boundaries of such cemetery sites 
shall include an area encompassing all actual gravesites including a 
reasonable buffer zone of not more than 66 feet. For active cemeteries, 
the boundaries of such sites shall include an area of actual use and 
reasonable future expansion of not more than 10 acres, but the BLM in 
consultation with any affected Federal agency may include more than 10 
acres upon a determination that special circumstances warrant it. For 
historical places, the boundaries shall include an area encompassing the 
actual site with a reasonable buffer zone of not more than 330 feet.

[41 FR 14738, Apr. 7, 1976; 41 FR 17909, Apr. 29, 1976, as amended at 41 
FR 49487, Nov. 9, 1976]



Sec. 2653.6  Native groups.

    (a) Eligibility. (1) The head or any authorized representative of a 
Native group incorporated pursuant to section 14(h)(2) of the Act may 
file on behalf of the group an application for a determination of its 
eligibility under said section of the Act. Such application shall be 
filed in duplicate with the appropriate officer, Bureau of Land 
Management, prior to April 16, 1976, in accordance with Sec. 2650.2(a) 
of this chapter. Upon serialization of the application, the Bureau of 
Land Management office will forward a copy of such application to the 
Director, Juneau Area Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, who shall 
investigate and report the findings of fact required to be made herein 
to the Bureau of Land Management with a certification thereof. A copy of 
an application by a group located within a National Wildlife Refuge or a 
National Forest will be furnished to the appropriate agency 
administering the area.
    (2) Each application must identify the section, township, and range 
in which the Native group is located, and must be accompanied by a list 
of the names of the Native members of the group, a listing of permanent 
improvements and periods of use of the locality by members, a conformed 
copy of the group's article of incorporation, and the regional 
corporation's concurrence and recommendation under Sec. 2653.2(b).
    (3) Notice of the filing of such application specifying the date of 
such filing, the identity and location of the Native group, and the date 
by which any protest of the application must be filed shall be prepared 
by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and shall be published

[[Page 202]]

once in the Federal Register and in one or more newspapers of general 
circulation in Alaska once a week for three consecutive weeks by the 
Bureau of Land Management. Any protest to the application shall be filed 
with the Bureau of Indian Affairs within the time specified in the 
notice.
    (4) The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall investigate and determine 
whether each member of a Native group formed pursuant to section 
14(h)(2) of the Act is enrolled pursuant to section 5 of the Act. The 
Bureau of Indian Affairs shall determine whether the members of the 
Native group actually reside in and are enrolled to the locality 
specified in its application. The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall specify 
the number and names of Natives who actually reside in and are enrolled 
to the locality, including children who are members of the group and who 
are temporarily elsewhere for purposes of education, and it shall 
further determine whether the members of the Native group constitute the 
majority of the residents of the locality where the group resides. The 
Bureau of Indian Affairs shall determine and identify the exterior 
boundaries of the Native group's locality and the location of all those 
permanent structures of the Native group used as dwelling houses.
    (5) The Native group must have an identifiable physical location. 
The members of the group must use the group locality as a place where 
they actually live in permanent structures used as dwelling houses. The 
group must have the character of a separate community, distinguishable 
from nearby communities, and must be composed of more than a single 
family or household. Members of a group must have enrolled to the 
group's locality pursuant to section 5 of the Act, must actually have 
resided there as of the 1970 census enumeration date, and must have 
lived there as their principal place of residence since that date.
    (6) The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall issue its certification, 
containing its findings of fact required to be made herein and its 
determination of the eligibility of the Native group, except it shall 
issue a certification of ineligibility when it is notified by the Bureau 
of Land Management that the land is unavailable for selection by such 
Native group. It shall send a copy thereof by certified mail to the 
Bureau of Land Management, the Native group, its regional corporation 
and any party of record.
    (7) Appeals concerning the eligibility of a Native group may be made 
to the Board of Land Appeals in accordance with 43 CFR part 4, subpart 
E.
    (b) Selections. (1) Native group selections shall not exceed the 
amount recommended by the regional corporation or 320 acres for each 
Native member of a group, or 7,680 acres for each Native group, 
whichever is less. Any acreage selected in excess of that number shall 
be identified as alternate selections and shall be numerically ordered 
to indicate selection preference. Native groups will not receive land 
benefits unless the land which is occupied by their permanent structures 
used as dwelling houses is available, or in the case where such land is 
not State or federally owned, the land which is contiguous to and 
immediately surrounds the land occupied by their permanent structures 
used as dwelling houses is available, and is not within a wildlife 
refuge or forest, pursuant to section 14(h) of the Act. Public lands 
which may be available for this purpose are set forth in Sec. 2653.3 
(a) and (c). Conveyances of lands reserved for the National Wildlife 
Refuge System made pursuant to this part are subject to the provisions 
of section 22(g) of the Act and Sec. 2650.4-6 of this chapter as though 
they were conveyances to a village corporation.
    (2) Upon receipt of the applications of a Native group for a 
determination of its eligibility under section 14(h)(2) of the Act, the 
Bureau of Land Management shall segregate the land encompassed within 
the group locality from land available for that purpose pursuant to 
Sec. 2653.6(b)(1). However, segregation of land for Native groups whose 
dwelling structures are located outside but adjacent to a National 
Wildlife Refuge or National Forest shall not include such reserved land, 
unless the Native group's dwelling structures are located on land 
excepted from the Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge pursuant to Public 
Land Order 1634 (FR Doc. 58-3696, filed May 16, 1958).

[[Page 203]]

    (3) The Bureau of Indian Affairs shall visit the locality of the 
group and shall recommend to the Bureau of Land Management the manner in 
which the segregation should be modified to encompass the residences of 
as many members as possible while allowing for the inclusion of the land 
most intensively used by members of the Native group. The recommended 
segregation must be contiguous and as compact as possible. The Bureau of 
Land Management may segregate the land accordingly provided such lands 
are otherwise available in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) and (b)(2). 
If the Bureau of Land Management finds the lands are unavailable for 
selection by a Native group, it shall notify the Bureau of Indian 
Affairs.
    (4) Selections shall be made from lands segregated for that purpose 
and shall be filed prior to July 1, 1976. Selections shall be contiguous 
and taking into account the situation and potential uses of the lands 
involved, the total area selected shall be reasonably compact except 
where separated by lands which are unavailable for selection. The total 
area selected will not be considered to be reasonably compact if (i) it 
excludes other lands available for selection within its exterior 
boundaries; or (ii) an isolated tract of public land of less than 640 
acres remains after selection. The lands selected shall be in quarter 
sections where they are available unless the exhaustion of the acreage 
which the group may be entitled to select does not permit the selection 
of a quarter section and shall include all available lands in less than 
quarter sections. Lands selected shall conform as nearly as practicable 
to the United States land survey system.
    (5) A Native group whose eligibility has not been finally determined 
may file its land selections as if it were determined to be eligible. 
The Bureau of Land Management shall release from segregation the lands 
not selected and shall continue segregation of the selected land until 
the lands are conveyed or the group is finally determined to be 
ineligible. However, in the case of a group determined to be ineligible 
by the Board of Land Appeals, the segregation shall be continued for a 
period of 60 days from the date of such decision.
    (6) Where any conflict in land selection occurs between any eligible 
Native groups, the Bureau of Land Management shall request the 
appropriate regional corporation to recommend the manner in which such 
conflict should be resolved.
    (7) The Bureau of Land Management shall issue a decision on the 
selection of a Native group determined to be eligible and shall serve a 
copy of such decision by certified mail on the Native group, its 
regional corporation and any party of record and the decision shall be 
published in accordance with Sec. 2650.7 of this part.
    (8) Appeals from the Bureau of Land Management decision on the 
selection by a Native group under this section shall be made to the 
Board of Land Appeals in accordance with 43 CFR part 4, subpart E.

[41 FR 14739, Apr. 7, 1976, as amended at 41 FR 49487, Nov. 9, 1976]



Sec. 2653.7  Sitka-Kenai-Juneau-Kodiak selections.

    (a) The corporations representing the Natives residing in Sitka, 
Kenai, Juneau, and Kodiak, who incorporate under the laws of the State 
of Alaska, may each select the surface estate of up to 23,040 acres of 
lands of similar character located in reasonable proximity to those 
municipalities.
    (b) The corporations representing the Natives residing in Sitka, 
Kenai, Juneau, and Kodiak, shall nominate not less than 92,160 acres of 
lands within 50 miles of each of the four named cities which are similar 
in character to the lands in which each of the cities is located. After 
review and public hearings, the Secretary shall withdraw up to 46,080 
acres near each of the cities from the lands nominated. Each corporation 
representing the Native residents of the four named cities may select 
not more than one-half the area withdrawn for selection by that 
corporation. The Secretary shall convey the area selected.



Sec. 2653.8  Primary place of residence.

    (a) An application under this subpart may be made by a Native who 
occupied

[[Page 204]]

land as a primary place of residence on August 31, 1971.
    (b) Applications for a primary place of residence must be filed not 
later than December 18, 1973.



Sec. 2653.8-1  Acreage to be conveyed.

    A Native may secure title to the surface estate of only a single 
tract not to exceed 160 acres under the provisions of this subpart, and 
shall be limited to the acreage actually occupied and used. An 
application for title under this subpart shall be accompanied by a 
certification by the applicant that he will not receive title to any 
other tract of land pursuant to sections 14 (c)(2), (h)(2), or 18 of the 
Act.



Sec. 2653.8-2  Primary place of residence criteria.

    (a) Periods of occupancy. Casual or occasional use will not be 
considered as occupancy sufficient to make the tract applied for a 
primary place of residence.
    (b) Improvements constructed on the land. (1) Must have a dwelling.
    (2) May include associated structures such as food cellars, drying 
racks, caches etc.
    (c) Evidence of occupancy. Must have evidence of permanent or 
seasonal occupancy for substantial periods of time.



Sec. 2653.8-3  Appeals.

    Appeals from decisions made by the Bureau of Land Management on 
applications filed pursuant to section 14(h)(5) of the Act shall be made 
to the Board of Land Appeals in accordance with 43 CFR part 4, subpart 
E.

[41 FR 14740, Apr. 7, 1976]



Sec. 2653.9  Regional selections.

    (a) Applications by a regional corporation for selection of land 
within its boundaries under section 14(h)(8) of the Act shall be filed 
with the proper office of the Bureau of Land Management in accordance 
with Sec. 2650.2(a). Selections made under section 14(h)(1), (2), (3), 
and (5) of the Act will take priority over selections made pursuant to 
section 14(h)(8). Lands available for section 14(h)(8) selections are 
those lands originally withdrawn under section 11(a)(1), (3), or 16(a) 
of the Act and not conveyed pursuant to selections made under sections 
12(a), (b), or (c), 16(b) or 19 of the Act.
    (b) A regional corporation may select a total area in excess of its 
entitlement to ensure that it will obtain its entitlement in the event 
of any conflicts. Any acreage in excess of its entitlement shall be 
identified as alternate selections and shall be numerically ordered on a 
section by section basis to indicate selection preference.
    (c) Selections need not be contiguous but must be made along section 
lines in reasonably compact tracts of at least 5,760 acres, not 
including any unavailable land contained therein. The exterior 
boundaries of such tracts shall be in linear segments of not less than 
two miles in length, except where adjoining unavailable lands or where 
shorter segments are necessary to follow section lines where township 
lines are offset along standard parallels caused by the convergence of 
the meridians. However, selected tracts may contain less than 5,760 
acres where there is good cause shown for such selection, taking into 
consideration good land management planning and principles for the 
potentially remaining public lands, and which would not leave unduly 
fragmented tracts of such public lands. Each tract selected shall not be 
considered to be reasonably compact if (1) it excludes other lands for 
selection within its exterior boundaries, or (2) an isolated tract of 
public land of less than 1,280 acres remains after selection of the 
total entitlement. Regional corporations shall not be precluded from 
selecting less than 5,760 acres where the entire tract available for 
selection constitutes less than 5,760 acres. Selection shall conform as 
nearly as practicable to the United States land survey system.
    (d) Notice of the filing of such selections, including the date by 
which any protest of the selection should be filed, shall be published 
once in the Federal Register and one or more newspapers of general 
circulation in Alaska once a week for three consecutive weeks by the 
Bureau of Land Management. Any protest to the application should be 
filed in the Bureau of Land Management office in which such selections

[[Page 205]]

were filed within the time specified in the notice.
    (e) Appeals from decisions made by the Bureau of Land Management 
with respect to such selections shall be made to the Board of Land 
Appeals in accordance with 43 CFR part 4, subpart E.

[41 FR 14740, Apr. 7, 1976, as amended at 41 FR 49487, Nov. 9, 1976]



Sec. 2653.10  Excess selections.

    Where land selections by a regional corporation, Native group, any 
of the four named cities, or a Native pursuant to section 14(h) (1), 
(2), (3), or (5) exceed the land entitlement, the Bureau of Land 
Management may request such corporation to indicate its preference among 
lands selected.

[41 FR 14740, Apr. 7, 1976]



Sec. 2653.11  Conveyance reservations.

    (a) Conveyances issued pursuant to this subpart are subject to the 
conveyance reservations described in Sec. 2650.4 of this chapter.
    (b) In addition to the reservations provided in paragraph (a) of 
this section, conveyance for cemetery sites or historical places will 
contain a covenant running with the land providing that (1) the regional 
corporation shall not authorize mining or mineral activity of any type; 
nor shall it authorize any use which is incompatible with or is in 
derogation of the values of the area as a cemetery site or historical 
place (standards for determining uses which are incompatible with or in 
derogation of the values of the area are found in relevant portions of 
36 CFR 800.9 (1974); and (2) that the United States reserves the right 
to seek enforcement of the covenant in an action in equity. The covenant 
placed in this subsection may be released by the Secretary, in his 
discretion, upon application of the regional corporation grantee showing 
that extraordinary to circumstances of a nature to warrant the release 
have arisen subsequent to the conveyance.
    (c) Conveyances for cemetery sites and historical places shall also 
contain the covenant required by Sec. 2650.4-6 of this chapter.

[38 FR 14218, May 30, 1973. Redesignated and amended at 41 FR 14740, 
Apr. 7, 1976]



                      Subpart 2654_Native Reserves



Sec. 2654.0-3  Authority.

    Section 19(b) of the Act authorizes any village corporation(s) 
located within a reserve defined in the act to acquire title to the 
surface and subsurface estates in any reserve set aside for the use and 
benefit of its stockholders or members prior to December 18, 1971. Such 
acquisition precludes any other benefits under the Act.



Sec. 2654.0-5  Definitions.

    Reserve lands means any lands reserved prior to the date of 
enactment of the act which are subject to being taken in lieu of other 
benefits under the act pursuant to section 19(b) of the Act.



Sec. 2654.1  Exercise of option.

    (a) Any village corporation which has not, by December 18, 1973, 
elected to acquire title to the reserve lands will be deemed to have 
elected to receive for itself and its members the other benefits under 
the Act.
    (b) The election of a village to acquire title to the reserve lands 
shall be exercised in the manner provided by its articles of 
incorporation. However when two or more villages are located on the same 
reserve there must be a special election to acquire title to the reserve 
lands. A majority vote of all the stockholders or members of all 
corporations located on the reserve is required to acquire title to the 
reserve lands. For the purpose of this paragraph the stockholders or 
members shall be determined on the basis of the roll of village 
residents proposed to be promulgated under 25 CFR 43h.7. \1\ The 
regional corporation or village corporations or any member or 
stockholder of the village corporations involved may request that the 
election be observed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ At 47 FR 13327, Mar. 30, 1982, Sec. 43h.7 of Title 25 was 
redesignated as Sec. 69.7.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 206]]

    (c) The results of any election by a village corporation or 
corporations to acquire title to the reserve lands shall be certified by 
such village corporation or corporations as being in conformity with the 
articles of incorporation and by-laws of the village corporation or 
corporations.



Sec. 2654.2  Application procedures.

    (a) If the corporation or corporations elect to take title to the 
reserve lands, submission to the Secretary of the certificate of 
election will constitute an application to acquire title to those lands.
    (b) If the village corporation or corporations do not elect to take 
the reserve lands, they shall apply for their land selections pursuant 
to subpart 2651 of this chapter.



Sec. 2654.3  Conveyances.

    (a) Conveyances under this subpart are subject to the provisions of 
section 14(g) of the Act, as provided by Sec. 2650.4 of this chapter.
    (b) Conveyances under this subpart to two or more village 
corporations will be made to them as tenants-in-common, having undivided 
interests proportionate to the number of their respective members or 
stockholders determined on the basis of the final roll promulgated by 
the Secretary pursuant to section 5 of the Act.



                   Subpart 2655_Federal Installations

    Authority: Alaska Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (43 U.S.C. 1601 et 
seq.).

    Source: 45 FR 70206, Oct. 22, 1980, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2655.0-3  Authority.

    Section 3(e)(1) of the Act provides that the Secretary shall 
determine the smallest practicable tract enclosing land actually used in 
connection with the administration of Federal installations in Alaska.



Sec. 2655.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Holding agency means any Federal agency claiming use of a tract 
of land subject to these regulations.
    (b) Appropriate selection period means the statutory or regulatory 
period within which the lands were available for Native selection under 
the act.
    (c) State Director means the Director, Alaska State Office, Bureau 
of Land Management.



Sec. 2655.1  Lands subject to determination.

    (a) Holding agency lands located within areas withdrawn by sections 
11(a)(1), 16(a), or 16(d) of the Act and subsequently selected by a 
village or regional corporation under sections 12 or 16, or selected by 
the regional corporation under sections 12 or 16, or selected by the 
regional corporation for southeast Alaska in accordance with section 
14(h)(8)(B) are subject to a determination made under this subpart.
    (b) Lands in the National Park System, lands withdrawn or reserved 
for national defense purposes and those former Indian reserves elected 
under section 19 of the Act are not subject to a determination under 
section 3(e)(1) of the Act or this subpart. Lands withdrawn under 
section 11(a)(3) or 14(h), except 14(h)(8)(B), of the Act do not include 
lands withdrawn or otherwise appropriated by a Federal agency and, 
therefore, are not subject to a determination under section 3(e)(1) of 
the Act or this subpart.



Sec. 2655.2  Criteria for determinations.

    Land subject to determination under section 3(e)(1) of the Act will 
be subject to conveyance to Native corporations if they are determined 
to be public lands under this subpart. If the lands are determined not 
to be public lands, they will be retained by the holding agency. The 
Bureau of Land Management shall determine:
    (a) Nature and time of use.
    (1) If the holding agency used the lands for a purpose directly and 
necessarily connected with the Federal agency as of December 18, 1971; 
and
    (2) If use was continuous, taking into account the type of use, 
throughout the appropriate selection period; and
    (3) If the function of the holding agency is similiar to that of the 
Federal agency using the lands as of December 18, 1971.

[[Page 207]]

    (b) Specifications for area to be retained by Federal agency.
    (1) Area shall be no larger than reasonably necessary to support the 
agency's use.
    (2) Tracts shall be described by U.S. Survey (or portion thereof), 
smallest aliquot part, metes and bounds or protraction diagram, as 
appropriate.
    (3) Tracts may include:
    (i) Improved lands;
    (ii) Buffer zone surrounding improved lands as is reasonably 
necessary for purposes such as safety measures, maintenance, security, 
erosion control, noise protection and drainage;
    (iii) Unimproved lands used for storage;
    (iv) Lands containing gravel or other materials used in direct 
connection with the agency's purpose and not used simply as a source of 
revenue or services. The extent of the areas reserved as a source of 
materials will be the area disturbed but not depleted as of the date of 
the end of the appropriate selection period; and
    (v) Lands used by a non-governmental entity or private person for a 
use that has a direct, necessary and substantial connection to the 
purpose of the holding agency but shall not include lands from which 
proceeds of the lease, permit, contract, or other means are used 
primarily to derive revenue.
    (c) Interest to be retained by Federal agency.
    (1) Generally, full fee title to the tract shall be retained; 
however, where the tract is used primarily for access, electronic, light 
or visibility clear zones or right-of-way, an easement may be reserved 
in lieu of full fee title where the State Director determines that an 
easement affords sufficient protection, that an easement is customary 
for the particular use and that it would further the objectives of the 
act.
    (2) Easements reserved in lieu of full fee title shall be reserved 
under the provisions of section 17(b) of the Act and Sec. 2650.4-7 of 
this title.



Sec. 2655.3  Determination procedures.

    (a) The State Director shall make the determination pursuant to the 
provisions in this subpart. Where sufficient information has not already 
been provided, the State Director shall issue written notice to any 
Federal agency which the Bureau of Land Management has reason to believe 
might be a holding agency. The written notice shall provide that the 
information requested be furnished in triplicate to the State Director 
within 90 days from the receipt of the notice. Upon receipt of 
information the State Director will promptly provide affected Native 
corporations with copies of the documents. Upon adequate and justifiable 
showing as to the need for an extension by the holding agency, the State 
Director may grant a time extension up to 60 days to provide the 
information requested in this subpart.
    (b) The information to be provided by the holding agency shall 
include the following for each tract which is subject to determination:
    (1) The function and scope of the installation;
    (2) A plottable legal description of the lands used;
    (3) A list of structures or other alterations to the character of 
lands and their function, their location on the tract, and date of 
construction;
    (4) A description of the use and function of any unaltered lands;
    (5) A list of any rights, interests or permitted uses the agency has 
granted to others, including other Federal agencies, along with dates of 
issuance and expiration and copies of any relevant documents;
    (6) If available, site plans, drawings and annotated aerial 
photographs delineating the boundaries of the installation and locations 
of the areas used; and
    (7) A narrative explanation stating when Federal use of each area 
began; what use was being made of the lands as of December 18, 1971; 
whether any action has taken place between December 18, 1971, and the 
end of the appropriate selection period that would reduce the area 
needed, and the date this action occurred.
    (c) The State Director shall request comments from the selecting 
Native corporation relating to the identification of lands requiring a 
determination. The period for comment by the Native corporation shall be 
as provided for the agency in paragraph (a) of this section, but shall 
commence from the

[[Page 208]]

date of receipt of the latest copy of the holding agency's submission.
    (d) The holding agency has the burden of proof in proceedings before 
the State Director under this subpart. A determination of the lands to 
be retained by the holding agency under section 3(e) of the Act and this 
subpart shall be made based on the information available in the case 
file. If the holding agency fails to present adequate information on 
which to base a determination, all lands selected shall be approved for 
conveyance to the selecting Native corporation.
    (e) The results of the determination shall be incorporated into 
appropriate decision documents.



Sec. 2655.4  Adverse decisions.

    (a) Any decision adverse to the holding agency or Native corporation 
shall become final unless appealed to the Board of Land Appeals in 
accordance with 43 CFR part 4, subpart E. If a decision is appealed, the 
Secretary may take personal jurisdiction over the matter in accordance 
with 43 CFR 4.5. In the case of appeals from affected Federal agencies, 
the Secretary may take jurisdiction upon written request from the 
appropriate cabinet level official. The requesting official, the State 
Director and any affected Native corporation shall be notified in 
writing of the Secretary's decision regarding the request for 
Secretarial jurisdiction and the reasons for the decision shall be 
communicated in writing to the requesting agency and any other parties 
to the appeal.
    (b) When an appeal to a decision to issue a conveyance is made by a 
holding agency or a Native corporation on the basis that the Bureau of 
Land Management neglected to make a determination pursuant to section 
3(e)(1) of the Act, the matter shall be remanded by the Board of Land 
Appeals to the Bureau of Land Management for a determination pursuant to 
section 3(e)(1) of the Act and these regulations: Provided, That the 
holding agency or Native corporation has reasonably satisfied the Board 
that its claim is not frivolous.



Group 2700_Disposition; Sales--Table of Contents




    Note: The information collection requirements contained in parts 
2720 and 2740 of Group 2700 have been approved by the Office of 
Management and Budget under 44 U.S.C. 3507 and assigned clearance 
numbers 1004-0153 and 1004-0012, respectively. The information is being 
collected to permit the authorized officer to determine if disposition 
of Federally-owned mineral interests should be made and to determine if 
disposition of public lands should be made for recreation and public 
purposes. This information will be used to make these determinations. A 
response is required to obtain a benefit.

(See 51 FR 9657, Mar. 20, 1986)



PART 2710_SALES: FEDERAL LAND POLICY AND MANAGEMENT ACT--
Table of Contents




                 Subpart 2710_Sales: General Provisions

Sec.
2710.0-1 Purpose.
2710.0-2 Objective.
2710.0-3 Authority.
2710.0-5 Definitions.
2710.0-6 Policy.
2710.0-8 Lands subject to sale.

                     Subpart 2711_Sales: Procedures

2711.1 Initiation of sale.
2711.1-1 Identification of tracts by land use planning.
2711.1-2 Notice of realty action.
2711.1-3 Sales requiring grazing permit or lease cancellations.
2711.2 Qualified conveyees.
2711.3 Procedures for sale.
2711.3-1 Competitive bidding.
2711.3-2 Modified bidding.
2711.3-3 Direct sales.
2711.4 Compensation for authorized improvements.
2711.4-1 Grazing improvements.
2711.4-2 Other private improvements.
2711.5 Conveyance documents.
2711.5-2 Terms, convenants, conditions, and reservations.
2711.5-3 Notice of conveyance.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1740.

    Source: 45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, unless otherwise noted.



                 Subpart 2710_Sales: General Provisions



Sec. 2710.0-1  Purpose.

    The regulations in this part implement the sale authority of section 
203

[[Page 209]]

of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701, 
1713).



Sec. 2710.0-2  Objective.

    The objective is to provide for the orderly disposition at not less 
than fair market value of public lands identified for sale as part of 
the land use planning process.



Sec. 2710.0-3  Authority.

    (a) The Secretary of the Interior is authorized by the Federal Land 
Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701, 1713), to sell public 
lands where, as a result of land use planning, it is determined that the 
sale of such tract meets any or all of the following disposal criteria:
    (1) Such tract was acquired for a specific purpose and the tract is 
no longer required for that or any other Federal purpose; or
    (2) Disposal of such tract shall serve important public objectives, 
including but not limited to, expansion of communities and economic 
development, which cannot be achieved prudently or feasibly on lands 
other than public lands and which outweigh other public objectives and 
values, including, but not limited to, recreation and scenic values, 
which would be served by maintaining such tract in Federal ownership; or
    (3) Such tract, because of its location or other characteristics is 
difficult and uneconomic to manage as part of the public lands and is 
not suitable for management by another Federal department or agency.
    (b) The Secretary of the Interior is authorized by section 310 of 
the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1740) to 
promulgate rules and regulations to carry out the purpose of the Act.



Sec. 2710.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this part, the term
    (a) Public lands means any lands and interest in lands owned by the 
United States and administered by the Secretary through the Bureau of 
Land Management except:
    (1) Lands located on the Outer Continental Shelf;
    (2) Lands held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts, and Eskimos.
    (b) Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.
    (c) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority to perform the duties 
described in this part.
    (d) Act means the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
U.S.C. 1701).
    (e) Family sized farm means the unit of public lands determined to 
be chiefly valuable for agriculture, and that is of sufficient size, 
based on land use capabilities, development requirements and economic 
capability, to provide a level of net income, after payment of expenses 
and taxes, which will sustain a family sized agribusiness operation 
above the poverty level for a rural farm family of 4 as determined by 
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, for the 
calender year immediately preceeding the year of the proposed sale under 
the regulations of this part. The determination of the practical size is 
an economic decision to be made on a local area basis considering, but 
not limited to, factors such as: Climatic conditions, soil character, 
availability of irrigation water, topography, usual crop(s) of the 
locale, marketability of the crop(s), production and development costs, 
and other physical characteristics which shall give reasonable assurance 
of continued production under proper conservation management.



Sec. 2710.0-6  Policy.

    (a) Sales under this part shall be made only in implementation of an 
approved land use plan or analysis in accordance with part 1600 of this 
title.
    (b) Public lands determined to be suitable for sale shall be offered 
only on the initiative of the Bureau of Land Management. Indications of 
interest to have specific tracts of public lands offered for sale shall 
be accomplished through public input to the land use planning process. 
(See Sec. Sec. 1601.1-1 and 1601.8 of this title). Nominations or 
requests to have specific tracts of public lands offered for sale may 
also be made by direct request to the authorized officer.

[[Page 210]]

    (c)(1) The Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 
1713(f)) provides that sales of public lands under this section shall be 
conducted under competitive bidding procedures established by the 
Secretary. However, where the Secretary determines it necessary and 
proper in order to assure equitable distribution among purchasers of 
lands, or to recognize equitable considerations or public policies, 
including, but not limited to, a preference to users, lands may be sold 
by modified competitive bidding or without competitive bidding. In 
recognizing public policies, the Secretary shall give consideration to 
the following potential purchasers:
    (i) The State in which the lands are located;
    (ii) The local government entities in such State which are in 
vicinity of the lands;
    (iii) Adjoining landowners;
    (iv) Individuals; and
    (v) Any other person.
    (2) When a parcel of land meets the sale criteria of section 203 of 
the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1713), several 
factors shall be considered in determining the method of sale. These 
factors include, but are not limited to: Competitive interest; needs of 
State and local governments; adjoining landowners; historical uses; and 
equitable distribution of land ownership.
    (3) Three methods of sale are provided for in Sec. 2711.3 of this 
title: competitive; modified competitive; and direct (non-competitive). 
The policy for selecting the method of sale is:
    (i) Competitive sale as provided in Sec. 2711.3-1 of this title is 
the general procedure for sales of public lands and may be used where 
there would be a number of interested parties bidding for the lands and 
(A) wherever in the judgment of the authorized officer the lands are 
accessible and usable regardless of adjoining land ownership and (B) 
wherever the lands are within a developing or urbanizing area and land 
values are increasing due to their location and interest on the 
competitive market.
    (ii) Modified competitive sales as provided in Sec. 2711.3-2 of 
this title may be used to permit the existing grazing user or adjoining 
landowner to meet the high bid at the public sale. This procedure will 
allow for limited competitive sales to protect on-going uses, to assure 
compatibility of the possible uses with adjacent lands, and avoid 
dislocation of existing users. Lands offered under this procedure would 
normally be public lands not located near urban expansion areas, or with 
rapidly increasing land values, and existing use of adjacent lands would 
be jeopardized by sale under competitive bidding procedures.
    (iii) Direct sale as provided in Sec. 2711.3-3 of this title may be 
used when the lands offered for sale are completely surrounded by lands 
in one ownership with no public access, or where the lands are needed by 
State or local governments or non-profit corporations, or where 
necessary to protect existing equities in the lands or resolve 
inadvertent unauthorized use or occupancy of said lands.
    (4) When lands have been offered for sale by one method of sale and 
the lands remain unsold, then the lands may be reoffered by another 
method of sale.
    (5) In no case shall lands be sold for less than fair market value.
    (d) Sales of public lands determined to be chiefly valuable for 
agriculture shall be no larger than necessary to support a family-sized 
farm.
    (e) The sale of family-sized farm units, at any given sale, shall be 
limited to one unit per bidder and one unit per family. The limit of one 
unit per family is not to be be construed as limiting children eighteen 
years or older from bidding in their own right.
    (f) Sales under this part shall not be made at less than fair market 
value. Such value is to be determined by an appraisal performed by a 
Federal or independent appraiser, as determined by the authorized 
officer, using the principles contained in the Uniform Appraisal 
Standards for Federal Land Acquisitions. The value of authorized 
improvements owned by anyone other than the United States upon lands 
being sold shall not be included in the determination of fair market 
value. Technical review and approval for conformance with appraisal 
standards

[[Page 211]]

shall be conducted by the authorized officer.
    (g) Constraint and discretion shall be used with regard to the 
terms, covenants, conditions and reservations authorized by section 208 
of the Act that are to be in sales patents and other conveyance 
documents, except where inclusion of such provisions is required by law 
or for protection of valid existing rights.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29014, July 17, 1984; 
49 FR 29795, July 24, 1984]



Sec. 2710.0-8  Lands subject to sale.

    (a) All public lands, as defined by Sec. 2710.0-5 of this title, 
and, which meet the disposal criteria specified under Sec. 2710.0-3 of 
this title, are subject to sale pursuant to this part, except:
    (1) Those public lands within the revested Oregon California 
Railroad and reconveyed Coos Bay Wagon Road grants which are more 
suitable for management and administration for permanent forest 
protection and other purposes as provided for in the Acts of August 28, 
1937 (50 Stat. 874; 43 U.S.C. 1181(a)); May 24, 1939 (53 Stat. 753); and 
section 701(b) of the Act.
    (2) Public lands in units of the National Wilderness Preservation 
System, National Wild and Scenic Rivers System and National System of 
Trails.
    (3) Public lands classified, withdrawn, reserved or otherwise 
designated as not available or subject to sale shall not be sold under 
the regulations of this part until issuance of an order or notice which 
either opens or provides for such disposition.
    (b) Unsurveyed public lands shall not be sold under the regulations 
of this part until they are officially surveyed under the public land 
survey system of the United States. Such survey shall be completed and 
approved by the Secretary prior to any sale.



                     Subpart 2711_Sales: Procedures



Sec. 2711.1  Initiation of sale.



Sec. 2711.1-1  Identification of tracts by land use planning.

    (a) Tracts of public lands shall only be offered for sale in 
implementation of land use planning prepared and/or approved in 
accordance with subpart 1601 of this title.
    (b) Public input proposing tracts of public lands for disposal 
through sale as part of the land use planning process may be made in 
accordance with Sec. Sec. 1601.3, 1601.6-3 or Sec. 1601.8 of this 
title.
    (c) Nominations or requests for sales of public lands may be made to 
the District office of the Bureau of Land Management for the District in 
which the public lands are located and shall specifically identify the 
tract being nominated or requested and the reason for proposing sale of 
the specific tract.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984]



Sec. 2711.1-2  Notice of realty action.

    (a) A notice of realty action offering for sale a tract or tracts of 
public lands identified for disposal by sale shall be issued, published 
and sent to parties of interest by the authorized officer not less than 
60 days prior to the sale. The notice shall include the terms, 
convenants, conditions and reservations which are to be included in the 
conveyance document and the method of sale. The notice shall also 
provide 45 days after the date of issuance for the right of comment by 
the public and interested parties.
    (b) Not less than 60 days prior to sale, notice shall be sent to the 
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives in whose district the public 
lands proposed for sale are located and the U.S. Senators for the State 
in which the public lands proposed for sale are located, the Senate and 
House of Representatives, as required by paragraph (f) of this section, 
to Governor of the State within which the public lands are located, to 
the head of the governing body of any political subdivision having 
zoning or other land use regulatory responsibility in the geographic 
area within which the public lands are located and to the head of any 
political subdivision having administrative or public services 
responsibility in the geographic area within which the lands are 
located. The notice shall be sent to other known interested parties of 
record including, but not limited to, adjoining landowners and current 
land users.

[[Page 212]]

    (c) The notice shall be published once in the Federal Register and 
once a week for 3 weeks thereafter in a newspaper of general circulation 
in the general vicinity of the public lands being proposed to be offered 
for sale.
    (d) The publication of the notice of realty action in the Federal 
Register segregates the public lands covered by the notice of realty 
action to the extent that they will not be subject to appropriation 
under the public land laws, including the mining laws. Any subsequent 
application will not be accepted, will not be considered as filed, and 
will be returned to the applicant if the notice segregates from the use 
applied for in the application. The segregative effect of the notice of 
realty action terminates: (i) Upon issuance of a patent or other 
document of conveyance to such lands; (ii) upon publication in the 
Federal Register of a termination of the segregation; or (iii) at the 
end of the specified segregation period, whichever occurs first. The 
segregation period may not exceed two years unless, on a case-by-case 
basis, the BLM State Director determines that the extension is necessary 
and documents, in writing, why the extension is needed. Such an 
extension will not be renewable and cannot be extended beyond the 
additional two years. If an extension is deemed necessary, the BLM will 
publish a notice following the same procedure as that stated in 
paragraph (c) of this section.
    (e) The notice published under Sec. 1610.5 of this title may, if so 
designated in the notice and is the functional equivalent of a notice of 
realty action required by this section, serve as the notice of realty 
action required by paragraph (a) of this section and may segregate the 
public lands covered by the sale proposal to the same extent that they 
would have been segregated under a notice of realty action issued under 
paragraph (a) of this section.
    (f) For tracts of public lands in excess of 2,500 acres, the notice 
shall be submitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives not 
less than the 90 days prescribed by section 203 of the Act (43 U.S.C. 
1713(c)) prior to the date of sale. The sale may not be held prior to 
the completion of the congressional notice period unless such period is 
waived by Congress.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984; 
71 FR 67068, Nov. 20, 2006]



Sec. 2711.1-3  Sales requiring grazing permit or lease cancellations.

    When lands are identified for disposal and such disposal will 
preclude livestock grazing, the sale shall not be made until the 
permittees and lessees are given 2 years prior notification, except in 
cases of emergency, that their grazing permit or grazing lease and 
grazing preference may be cancelled in accordance with Sec. 4110.4-2(b) 
of this title. A sale may be made of such identified lands if the sale 
is conditioned upon continued grazing by the current permittee/lessee 
until such time as the current grazing permit or lease would have 
expired or terminated. A permittee or lessee may unconditionally waive 
the 2-year prior notification. The publication of a notice of realty 
action as provided in Sec. 2711.1-2(c) of this title shall constitute 
notice to the grazing permittee or lessee if such notice has not been 
previously given.

[49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984]



Sec. 2711.2  Qualified conveyees.

    Tracts sold under this part may only be conveyed to:
    (a) A citizen of the United States 18 years of age or over;
    (b) A corporation subject to the laws of any State or of the United 
States;
    (c) A State, State instrumentality or political subdivision 
authorized to hold property; and
    (d) An entity legally capable of conveying and holding lands or 
interests therein under the laws of the State within which the lands to 
be conveyed are located. Where applicable, the entity shall also meet 
the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984]



Sec. 2711.3  Procedures for sale.



Sec. 2711.3-1  Competitive bidding.

    When public lands are offered through competitive bidding:

[[Page 213]]

    (a) The date, time, place, and manner for submitting bids shall be 
specified in the notice required by Sec. 2711.1-2 of this title.
    (b) Bids may be made by a principal or a duly qualified agent.
    (c) Sealed bids shall be considered only if received at the place of 
sale prior to the hour fixed in the notice and are made for at least the 
fair market value. Each bid shall be accompanied by certified check, 
postal money order, bank draft or cashier's check made payable to the 
Bureau of Land Management for the amount required in the notice of 
realty action which shall be not less than 10 percent or more than 30 
percent of the amount of the bid, and shall be enclosed in a sealed 
envelope which shall be marked as prescribed in the notice. If 2 or more 
envelopes containing valid bids of the same amount are received, the 
determination of which is to be considered the highest bid shall be by 
supplemental biddings. The designated high bidders shall be allowed to 
submit oral or sealed bids as designated by the authorized officer.
    (d) The highest qualifying sealed bid received shall be publicly 
declared by the authorized officer. If the notice published pursuant to 
Sec. 2711.1-2 of this title provides for oral bids, such bids, in 
increments specified by the authorized officer, shall then be invited. 
After oral bids, if any, are received, the highest qualifying bid, 
designated by type, whether sealed or oral, shall be declared by the 
authorized officer. The person declared to have entered the highest 
qualifying oral bid shall submit payment by cash, personal check, bank 
draft, money order, or any combination for not less than one-fifth of 
the amount of the bid immediately following the close of the sale. The 
successful bidder, whether such bid is a sealed or oral bid, shall 
submit the remainder of the full bid price prior to the expiration of 
180 days from the date of the sale. Failure to submit the full bid price 
prior to, but not including the 180th day following the day of the sale, 
shall result in cancellation of the sale of the specific parcel and the 
deposit shall be forfeited and disposed of as other receipts of sale. In 
the event the authorized officer rejects the highest qualified bid or 
releases the bidder from it, the authorized officer shall determine 
whether the public lands shall be withdrawn from the market or be 
reoffered.
    (e) If the public lands are not sold pursuant to the notice issued 
under Sec. 2711.1-2 of this subpart, they may remain available for sale 
on a continuing basis until sold as specified in the notice.
    (f) The acceptance or rejection of any offer to purchase shall be in 
writing no later than 30 days after receipt of such offer unless the 
offerer waives his right to a decision within such 30-day period. In 
case of a tract of land in excess of 2,500 acres, such acceptance or 
rejection shall not be given until the expiration of 30 days after the 
end of the notice to the Congress provided for in Sec. 2711.1-2(d) of 
this subpart. Prior to the expiration of such periods the authorized 
officer may refuse to accept any offer or may withdraw any tract from 
sale if he determines that:
    (1) Consummation of the sale would be inconsistent with the 
provisions of any existing law; or
    (2) Collusive or other activities have hindered or restrained free 
and open bidding; or
    (3) Consummation of the sale would encourage or promote speculation 
in public lands.
    (g) Until the acceptance of the offer and payment of the purchase 
price, the bidder has no contractual or other rights against the United 
States, and no action taken shall create any contractual or other 
obligations of the United States.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984; 
49 FR 29795, July 24, 1984]



Sec. 2711.3-2  Modified bidding.

    (a) Public lands may be offered for sale utilizing modified 
competitive bidding procedures when the authorized officer determines it 
is necessary in order to assure equitable distribution of land among 
purchasers or to recognize equitable considerations or public policies.
    (1) Modified competitive bidding includes, but is not limited to:
    (i) Offering to designated bidders the right to meet the highest 
bid. Refusal

[[Page 214]]

or failure to meet the highest bid shall constitute a waiver of such 
bidding provisions; or
    (ii) A limitation of persons permitted to bid on a specific tract of 
land offered for sale; or
    (iii) Offering to designated bidders the right of first refusal to 
purchase the lands at fair market value. Failure to accept an offer to 
purchase the offered lands within the time specified by the authorized 
officer shall constitute a waiver of his preference consideration.
    (2) Factors that shall be considered in determining when modified 
competitive bidding procedures shall be used, include but are not 
limited to: Needs of State and/or local government, adjoining 
landowners, historical users, and other needs for the tract. A 
description of the method of modified competitive bidding to be used and 
a statement indicating the purpose or objective of the bidding procedure 
selected shall be specified in the notice of realty action required in 
Sec. 2711.1-2 of this subpart.
    (b) Where 2 or more designated bidders exercise preference 
consideration awarded by the authorized officer in accordance with 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section, such bidders shall be offered the 
opportunity to agree upon a division of the lands among themselves. In 
the absence of a written agreement, the preference right bidders shall 
be allowed to continue bidding to determine the high bidder.
    (c) Where designated bidders fail to exercise the preference 
consideration offered by the authorized officer in the allowed time, the 
sale shall proceed using the procedures specified in Sec. 2711.3-1 of 
this subpart; and
    (d) Once the method of modified competitive or noncompetitive sale 
is determined and such determination has been issued, published and sent 
in accordance with procedures of this part, payment shall be by the same 
instruments as authorized in Sec. 2711.3-1(c) of this subpart.
    (e) Acceptance or rejection of any offer to purchase shall be in 
accordance with the procedures set forth in Sec. 2711.3-1 (f) and (g) 
of this subpart.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984]



Sec. 2711.3-3  Direct sales.

    (a) Direct sales (without competition) may be utilized, when in the 
opinion of the authorized officer, a competitive sale is not appropriate 
and the public interest would best be served by a direct sale. Examples 
include, but are not limited to:
    (1) A tract identified for transfer to State or local government or 
nonprofit organization; or
    (2) A tract identified for sale that is an integral part of a 
project or public importance and speculative bidding would jeopardize a 
timely completion and economic viability of the project; or
    (3) There is a need to recognize an authorized use such as an 
existing business which could suffer a substantial economic loss if the 
tract were purchased by other than the authorized user; or
    (4) The adjoining ownership pattern and access indicate a direct 
sale is appropriate; or
    (5) A need to resolve inadvertent unauthorized use or occupancy of 
the lands.
    (b) Once the authorized officer has determined that the lands will 
be offered by direct sale and such determination has been issued, 
published and sent in accordance with procedures of this part, payment 
shall be made by the same instruments as authorized in Sec. 2711.3-1(c) 
of this subpart.
    (c) Failure to accept an offer to purchase the offered lands within 
the time specified by the authorized officer shall constitute a waiver 
of this preference consideration.
    (d) Acceptance or rejection of an offer to purchase the lands shall 
be in accordance with the procedures set forth in Sec. 2711.3-1 (f) and 
(g) of this subpart.

[49 FR 29015, July 17, 1984; 49 FR 29796, July 24, 1984]

[[Page 215]]



Sec. 2711.4  Compensation for authorized improvements.



Sec. 2711.4-1  Grazing improvements.

    No public lands in a grazing lease or permit may be conveyed until 
the provisions of part 4100 of this title concerning compensation for 
any authorized grazing improvements have been met.



Sec. 2711.4-2  Other private improvements.

    Where public lands to be sold under this part contain authorized 
private improvements, other than those identified in Sec. 2711.4-1 of 
this subpart or those subject to a patent reservation, the owner of such 
improvements shall be given an opportunity to remove them if such owner 
has not been declared the purchaser of the lands sold, or the 
prospective purchaser may compensate the owner of such authorized 
private improvements and submit proof of compensation to the authorized 
officer.



Sec. 2711.5  Conveyance documents.

    Patents and other conveyance documents issued under this part shall 
contain a reservation to the United States of all minerals. Such 
minerals shall be subject to the right to explore, prospect for, mine, 
and remove under applicable law and such regulations as the Secretary 
may prescribe. However, upon the filing of an application as provided in 
part 2720 of this title, the Secretary may convey the mineral interest 
if all requirements of the law are met. Where such application has been 
filed and meets the requirements for conveyance, the authorized officer 
may withhold issuance of a patent or other document of conveyance on 
lands sold under this part until processing of the mineral conveyance 
application is completed, at which time a single patent or document of 
conveyance for the entire estate or interest of the United States may be 
issued.



Sec. 2711.5-2  Terms, covenants, conditions, and reservations.

    Patents or other conveyance documents issued under this part may 
contain such terms, covenants, conditions, and reservations as the 
authorized officer determines are necessary in the public interest to 
insure proper land use and protection of the public interest as 
authorized by section 208 of the Act.



Sec. 2711.5-3  Notice of conveyance.

    The authorized officer shall immediately notify the Governor and the 
heads of local government of the issuance of conveyance documents for 
public lands within their respective jurisdiction.

[45 FR 39418, June 10, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 29016, July 17, 1984]



PART 2720_CONVEYANCE OF FEDERALLY-OWNED MINERAL INTERESTS--
Table of Contents




      Subpart 2720_Conveyance of Federally-Owned Mineral Interests

Sec.
2720.0-1 Purpose.
2720.0-2 Objectives.
2720.0-3 Authority.
2720.0-5 Definitions.
2720.0-6 Policy.
2720.0-9 Information collection.
2720.1 Application to purchase federally-owned mineral interests.
2720.1-1 Filing of application.
2720.1-2 Form of application.
2720.1-3 Action on application.
2720.2 Determination that an exploratory program is not required.
2720.3 Action upon determination of the fair market value of the mineral 
          interests.
2720.4 Issuance of document of conveyance.
2720.5 Appeals.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1719 and 1740.

    Source: 44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, unless otherwise noted.



      Subpart 2720_Conveyance of Federally-Owned Mineral Interests



Sec. 2720.0-1  Purpose.

    The purpose of these regulations is to establish procedures under 
section 209 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 43 
U.S.C. 1719, for conveyance of mineral interests owned by the United 
States where the surface is or will be in non-Federal ownership.



Sec. 2720.0-2  Objectives.

    The objective is to allow consolidation of surface and subsurface or 
mineral ownership where there are no

[[Page 216]]

known mineral values or in those instances where the reservation 
interferes with or precludes appropriate non-mineral development and 
such development is a more beneficial use of the land than the mineral 
development.



Sec. 2720.0-3  Authority.

    (a) Section 209(b) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976, 43 U.S.C. 1719(b), authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to 
convey mineral interests owned by the United States where the surface is 
or will be in non-Federal ownership, if certain specific conditions are 
met.
    (b) Section 310 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976, 43 U.S.C. 1740, authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to 
promulgate rules and regulations to carry out the purposes of the Act.



Sec. 2720.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, the term:
    (a) Prospective record owner means a person who has a contract or 
other agreement to purchase a tract of land that is in non-Federal 
ownership with a reservation of minerals in the United States, or a 
person who is purchasing a tract of land under the provisions of the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 or other laws authorizing 
the conveyance of Federal lands subject to the reservation of a mineral 
interest.
    (b) Known mineral values means mineral rights in lands containing 
geologic formations that are valuable in the monetary sense for 
exploring, developing, or producing natural mineral deposits. The 
presence of such mineral deposits with potential for mineral development 
may be known because of previous exploration, or may be inferred based 
on geologic information.
    (c) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management to whom has been delegated the authority to perform the 
duties described in this part.
    (d) Proof of ownership means evidence of title acceptable in local 
realty practice by attorneys and title examiners and may include a 
current title attorney's opinon, based on a current abstract of title 
prepared by a bonded title insurance or title abstract company doing 
business in the locale where the lands are located.

[44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, as amended at 51 FR 9657, Mar. 20, 1986; 60 
FR 12711, Mar. 8, 1995]



Sec. 2720.0-6  Policy.

    As required by the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, the 
Bureau of Land Management may convey a federally owned mineral interest 
only when the authorized officer determines that it has no known mineral 
value, or that the mineral reservation is interfering with or precluding 
appropriate nonmineral development of the lands and that nonmineral 
development is a more beneficial use than mineral development. 
Allegation, hypothesis or speculation that such conditions could or may 
exist at some future time shall not be sufficient basis for conveyance. 
Failure to establish by convincing factual evidence that the requisite 
conditions of interference or preclusion presently exist, and that 
nonmineral development is a more beneficial use, shall result in the 
rejection of an application.

[51 FR 9657, Mar. 20, 1986, as amended at 60 FR 12711, Mar. 8, 1995]



Sec. 2720.0-9  Information collection.

    (a) The Office of Management and Budget has approved under 44 U.S.C. 
3507 the information collection requirements contained in part 2720 and 
assigned clearance number 1004-0153. The Bureau of Land Management is 
collecting the information to permit the authorized officer to determine 
whether the Bureau of Land Management should dispose of Federally-owned 
mineral interests. The Bureau of Land Management will use the 
information collected to make these determinations. A response is 
required to obtain a benefit.
    (b) The Bureau of Land Management estimates the public reporting 
burden for this information to average 8 hours per response, including 
the time for reviewing regulations, searching existing data sources, 
gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing 
the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden 
estimate or any other aspect of

[[Page 217]]

this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the 
burden, to the Information Collection Clearance Officer (783), Bureau of 
Land Management, Washington, D.C. 20240, and the Office of Management 
and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project, 1004-0153, Washington, D.C. 
20503.

[60 FR 12711, Mar. 8, 1995]



Sec. 2720.1  Application to purchase federally-owned mineral interests.



Sec. 2720.1-1  Filing of application.

    (a) Any existing or prospective record owner of the surface of land 
in which mineral interests are reserved or otherwise owned by the United 
States may file an application to purchase such mineral interests if--
    (1) He has reason to believe that there are no known mineral values 
in the land, or
    (2) The reservation of ownership of the mineral interests in the 
United States interferes with or precludes appropriate non-mineral 
development of the land and such development would be a more beneficial 
use of the land than its mineral development.
    (b) Publication in the Federal Register of a notice of the filing of 
an application under this part shall segregate the mineral interests 
owned by the United States in the public lands covered by the 
application to the extent that they will not be subject to appropriation 
under the public land laws, including the mining laws. The segregative 
effect of the application shall terminate either upon issuance of a 
patent or other document of conveyance to such mineral interests, upon 
final rejection of the application or 2 years from the date of filing of 
the application which ever occurs first.

[44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, as amended at 51 FR 9657, Mar. 20, 1986]



Sec. 2720.1-2  Form of application.

    (a) An application shall be filed with the proper BLM Office as 
listed in Sec. 1821.2-1(d) of this title.
    (b) No specific form is required.
    (c) A non-refundable fee of $50 shall accompany the application.
    (d) Each application shall include:
    (1) The name, legal mailing address, and telephone number of the 
existing or prospective record owner of the land included in the 
application;
    (2) Proof of ownership of the land included in the application, and 
in the case of a prospective record owner, a copy of the contract of 
conveyance or a statement describing the method by which he will become 
the owner of record;
    (3) In the case of non-Federal ownership of the surface, a certified 
copy of any patent or other instrument conveying the land included in 
the application and a showing of ownership in the applicant, with 
supporting survey evidence acceptable to the authorized officer, which 
may consist of a metes and bounds survey prepared and certified by a 
civil engineer or land surveyor licensed under the laws of the State in 
which the lands are located; and
    (4) As complete a statement as possible concerning (i) the nature of 
federally-reserved or owned mineral values in the land, including 
explanatory information, (ii) the existing and proposed uses of the 
land, (iii) why the reservation of the mineral interests in the United 
States is interfering with or precluding appropriate non-mineral 
development of the land covered by the application (iv) how and why such 
development would be a more beneficial use of the land than its mineral 
development, and (v) a showing that the proposed use complies or will 
comply with State and local zoning and/or planning requirements.

[44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, as amended at 51 FR 9658, Mar. 20, 1986]



Sec. 2720.1-3  Action on application.

    (a) Within 90 days of receipt of an application to purchase 
federally-owned mineral interests, the authorized officer shall, if the 
application meets the requirements for further processing, determine the 
amount of deposit required and so inform the applicant.
    (b) No application filed under this subpart shall be processed until 
the applicant has either--
    (1) Deposited with the authorized officer an amount of money that 
the authorized officer estimates is needed to cover administrative costs 
of processing, including, but not limited to,

[[Page 218]]

costs of conducting an exploratory program, if one is required, to 
determine the character of the mineral deposits in the land, evaluating 
the existing data [or the data obtained under an approved exploratory 
program] to aid in determining the fair market value of the mineral 
interests to be conveyed, and preparing and issuing the documents of 
conveyance, or
    (2) Has obtained the consent of the authorized officer to conduct an 
exploratory program, such program to be conducted only under a plan of 
operations approved by the authorized officer and deposited with the 
authorized officer an amount of money the authorized officer estimates 
is needed to cover administrative costs of processing, including, but 
not limited to, costs of evaluating existing data and data submitted 
from an approved exploratory program to determine the fair market value 
of the mineral interests to be conveyed and preparing and issuing the 
documents of conveyance.

    The authorized officer, in reaching a determination as to whether 
there are any known mineral values in the land and, if so, the estimated 
costs of an exploratory program, if one is needed, will rely upon 
reports on minerals prepared by or reviewed and approved by the Bureau 
of Land Management.
    (c) The authorized officer shall inform the applicant of his 
determination as to the need for an exploratory program, and where 
appropriate, the estimated cost of such a program. The applicant may 
request that the exploratory program be arranged by the authorized 
officer or request the consent of the authorized officer to accomplish 
any required exploratory program by other means, at his own expense, 
under a plan of operations approved by the authorized officer and to 
provide the results to the authorized officer for his use and approval. 
The applicant shall, within 60 days of receipt of such notice, or any 
extension thereof, respond to the authorized officer's notice, stating 
whether he wishes to have the authorized officer arrange to have 
conducted the required exploratory program or requests the consent of 
the authorized officer to accomplish any required exploratory program by 
other means. Failure to respond to said notice shall void the 
application.
    (d) If the applicant requests that any required exploratory program 
be arranged by the authorized officer, he shall submit the sum of money 
required under paragraph (b) of this section and the authorized officer 
shall have the exploratory program accomplished so as to aid in 
determining the fair market value of the Federal mineral interests 
covered by the application.
    (e) If the applicant requests the consent of the authorized officer 
to accomplish any required exploratory program by other means, at his 
own expense, he shall at the time of making his request for such 
consent, file a plan of operations to carry out any required exploratory 
program for approval by the authorized officer. Such plan of operations 
shall be sufficient to provide the resource and economic data needed to 
aid in determining the fair market value of the Federal mineral 
interests to be conveyed. Said resource and economic data shall include, 
where appropriate, but not be limited to, geologic maps, geologic cross-
sections, tables and descriptive information encompassing lithologic, 
geochemical, and geophysical data, assays of samples, drill logs and 
outcrop sections, which aid in establishing the location, nature, 
quantity, and grade, and which aid in determining the fair market value 
of the Federal mineral interests in the land covered by the application. 
The plan of operations shall conform to the laws, regulations and 
ordinances of all governmental bodies having jurisdiction over the lands 
covered by the application. The authorized officer shall decide within 
90 days of receipt of said request whether he shall or shall not give 
his consent. The authorized officer shall not give his consent if he 
determines that the plan of operations is not adequate to supply the 
resource and economic data needed to aid him in determining the fair 
market value of the Federal mineral interests to be conveyed. If the 
authorized officer, in his discretion, approves the applicant's plan of 
operations, the applicant may proceed to execute the plan of operations, 
subject to the supervision of the authorized officer. If the authorized

[[Page 219]]

officer does not give his consent to the applicant's request, the 
applicant may, within 60 days of such refusal, avail himself of the 
provisions of paragraph (d) of this section. Failure to deposit the 
required sum within the 60 day period shall void the application. All 
resource and economic data obtained from the approved exploratory 
program shall be supplied the authorized officer. The authorized officer 
shall supply that data needed for determination of the economic value of 
mineral resources to the Bureau of Land Management. The authorized 
officer relying upon those determinations shall determine the fair 
market value of the Federal mineral interests in the land covered by the 
application. If the authorized officer determines that the resource and 
economic data supplied from an approved exploratory program is not 
adequate to aid in determining the fair market value of the Federal 
mineral interests to be conveyed, he shall so notify the applicant and 
state what additional data is needed.
    (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraphs of 
this section, an application may be rejected without the applicant 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section if the 
authorized officer determines from an examination of the application or 
of data readily available to him relating to the land concerned that the 
application does not meet the requirements of the Act.

[44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, as amended at 51 FR 9658, Mar. 20, 1986; 60 
FR 12711, Mar. 8, 1995]



Sec. 2720.2  Determination that an exploratory program is not required.

    (a) In instances where available data indicate that there are no 
known mineral values in the land covered by the application, an 
exploratory program shall not be required.
    (b) The authorized officer will not require an exploratory program 
to ascertain the presence of mineral values where the authorized officer 
determines that a reasonable person would not make exploration 
expenditures with expectations of deriving economic gain from the 
mineral production.
    (c) The authorized officer will not require an exploratory program 
if the authorized officer determines that, for the mineral interests 
covered by the application, sufficient information is available to 
determine their fair market value.

[44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, as amended at 60 FR 12711, Mar. 8, 1995]



Sec. 2720.3  Action upon determination of the fair market value of the mineral interests.

    (a) Upon the authorized officer's determination that all of the 
requirements of the Act for conveyance of mineral interests have been 
met by the applicant and all actions necessary to determine the fair 
market value of the Federal mineral interests in land covered by the 
application have been completed, the authorized officer shall notify the 
applicant in writing of the fair market value of the Federal mineral 
interests, including the administrative costs involved in development of 
and issuance of conveyance documents, and give a full and complete 
statement of the costs incurred in reaching such determination including 
any sum due the United States or that may be unexpended from the deposit 
made by the applicant. If the administrative costs of determining the 
fair market value of the Federal mineral interests exceed the amount of 
the deposit required of the applicant under this subpart, he will be 
informed that he is required to pay the difference between the actual 
costs and the deposit. If the deposit exceeds the administrative costs 
of determining the fair market value of the Federal mineral interests, 
the applicant will be informed that he is entitled to a credit for or a 
refund of the excess. The notice must require the applicant to pay both 
the fair market value of the Federal mineral interests and the remaining 
administrative costs owed within 90 days after the date the authorized 
officer mails the notice. Failure to pay the required amount within the 
allotted time shall constitute a withdrawal of the application and the 
application will be dismissed and the case closed.
    (b) The Bureau of Land Management will convey mineral rights on 
lands for which this part does not require an exploratory program upon 
payment by the applicant of fair market value for

[[Page 220]]

those mineral interests and all administrative costs of processing the 
application to acquire the mineral rights.

[44 FR 1342, Jan. 4, 1979, as amended at 60 FR 12711, Mar. 8, 1995]



Sec. 2720.4  Issuance of document of conveyance.

    Upon receipt of the payment required by Sec. 2720.3 of this 
subpart, if any is required, the authorized officer shall issue the 
necessary document conveying to the applicant the mineral interests of 
the United States in the land covered by the application.



Sec. 2720.5  Appeals.

    An applicant adversely affected by a decision of the authorized 
officer made pursuant to the provisions of this subpart shall have a 
right of appeal pursuant to part 4 of this title. Decisions of the 
authorized officer under this subpart shall be subject to reversal only 
if found to be arbitrary, capricious, and abuse of discretion or 
otherwise not in accordance with law.



PART 2740_RECREATION AND PUBLIC PURPOSES ACT--Table of Contents




        Subpart 2740_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: General

Sec.
2740.0-1 Purpose.
2740.0-2 Objective.
2740.0-3 Authority.
2740.0-5 Definitions.
2740.0-6 Policy.
2740.0-7 Cross references.
2740.0-9 Information collection.

      Subpart 2741_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: Requirements

2741.1 Lands subject to disposition.
2741.2 Qualified applicants.
2741.3 Preapplication consultation.
2741.4 Applications.
2741.5 Guidelines for conveyances and leases under the act.
2741.6 Applications for transfer or change of use.
2741.7 Acreage limitations and general conditions.
2741.8 Price.
2741.9 Patent provisions.

   Subpart 2742_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: Omitted Lands and 
                           Unsurveyed Islands

2742.1 Lands subject to disposition.
2742.2 Qualifications of applicants.
2742.3 Survey requirement.
2742.4 Conveyance limitations.
2742.5 Consistency with other laws.

  Subpart 2743_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: Solid Waste Disposal

2743.1 Applicable regulations.
2743.2 New disposal sites.
2743.2-1 Patent provisions for new disposal sites.
2743.3 Leased disposal sites.
2743.3-1 Patent provisions for leased disposal sites.
2743.4 Patented disposal sites.

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 869 et seq., 43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq., and 31 
U.S.C. 9701.



        Subpart 2740_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: General

    Source: 44 FR 43471, July 25, 1979, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2740.0-1  Purpose.

    These regulations provide guidelines and procedures for transfer of 
certain public lands under the Recreation and Public Purposes Act as 
amended (43 U.S.C. 869 et seq.), to States or their political 
subdivisions, and to nonprofit corporations and associations, for 
recreational and public purposes.



Sec. 2740.0-2  Objective.

    The objective is to meet the needs of certain State and local 
governmental agencies and other qualified organizations for public lands 
required for recreational and public purposes.



Sec. 2740.0-3  Authority.

    (a) The Act of June 14, 1926, as amended (43 U.S.C. 869 et seq.), 
commonly known as the Recreation and Public Purposes Act, authorizes the 
Secretary of the Interior to lease or convey public lands for 
recreational and public purposes under specified conditions.
    (b) Section 211 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1721), authorizes the Secretary

[[Page 221]]

of the Interior to convey to States or their political subdivisions 
unsurveyed islands determined by the Secretary to be public lands of the 
United States and omitted lands under the Recreation and Public Purposes 
Act without regard to acreage limitations contained in the Act.
    (c) Section 3 of the Act of June 14, 1926, as amended by the 
Recreation and Public Purposes Amendment Act of 1988, authorizes the 
Secretary of the Interior to convey public lands for the purpose of 
solid waste disposal or for any other purpose which may result in or 
include the disposal, placement, or release of any hazardous substance, 
with special provisions relating to reversion of such lands to the 
United States.

[44 FR 43471, July 25, 1979, as amended at 57 FR 32732, July 23, 1992]



Sec. 2740.0-5  Definitions.

    As used in this part, the term:
    (a) Act means the Recreation and Public Purposes Act as amended by 
section 212 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.
    (b) Authorized officer means any employee of the Bureau of Land 
Management who has been delegated the authority to perform the duties 
described in this part.
    (c) Public lands means any lands and interest in lands administered 
by the Bureau of Land Management, except lands located on the Outer 
Continental Shelf and lands held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts and 
Eskimos.
    (d) Public purpose means for the purpose of providing facilities or 
services for the benefit of the public in connection with, but not 
limited to, public health, safety or welfare. Use of lands or facilities 
for habitation, cultivation, trade or manufacturing is permissible only 
when necessary for and integral to, i.e., and essential part of, the 
public purpose.
    (e) Conveyance means a transfer of legal title. Leases issued 
pursuant to subpart 2912 of this title are not conveyances.
    (f) Hazardous substance means any substance designated pursuant to 
Environmental Protection Agency regulations at 40 CFR part 302.
    (g) Solid waste means any material as defined under Environmental 
Protection Agency regulations at 40 CFR part 261.

[44 FR 43471, July 25, 1979, as amended at 50 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985; 
57 FR 32732, July 23, 1992]



Sec. 2740.0-6  Policy.

    (a) To assure development of public lands in accordance with a 
development plan and compliance with an approved management plan, the 
authorized officer may require that public lands first be leased under 
the provisions of subpart 2912 of this title for a period of time prior 
to issuance of a patent, except for conveyances under subpart 2743 of 
this title.
    (b) Municipal corporations may not secure public lands under this 
act which are not within convenient access to the municipality and 
within the same State as the municipality. Other qualified governmental 
applicants may not secure public lands outside their political 
boundaries or other area of jurisdiction.
    (c) Where lands are conveyed under the act with a reservation of the 
mineral estate to the United States, the Bureau of Land Management shall 
not thereafter convey that mineral estate to the surface owner under the 
provisions of section 209 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act 
of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1719).
    (d) Lease or conveyance of lands for purposes other than 
recreational or public purposes is not authorized by the act. Uses which 
can be more appropriately authorized under other existing authorities 
shall not be authorized under the act. Approval of leases or conveyances 
under the act shall not be made unless the public lands shall be used 
for an established or definitely proposed project. A commitment by 
lessee(s) or conveyee(s) to a plan of physical development, management 
and use of the lands shall be required before a lease or conveyance is 
approved. Use of public lands for nonrecreational or nonpublic purposes, 
whether by lease or conveyance, may be applied for under sections 203 
and 302 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
1713, 1732) or other applicable authorities.

[[Page 222]]

    (e) The Bureau of Land Management shall not exercise the exchange 
authority of section 206 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act 
of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1716) for the purpose of acquiring lands for later 
conveyance under the act.
    (f) The Bureau of Land Management shall not use Federal funds to 
undertake determinations of the validity of mining claims on public 
lands for the sole purpose of clearing title so that the lands may be 
leased or conveyed under the act.

[44 FR 43471, July 25, 1979, as amended at 50 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985; 
57 FR 32732, July 23, 1992]



Sec. 2740.0-7  Cross references.

    (a) Requirements and procedures for conveyance of land under the 
Recreation and Public Purposes Act are contained in subpart 2741 of this 
chapter.
    (b) Requirements and procedures for leasing of land under the 
Recreation and Public Purposes Act are contained in subpart 2912 of this 
title.
    (c) Requirements and procedures for conveyance of unsurveyed islands 
and omitted lands under section 211 of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act are contained in subpart 2742 of this chapter.
    (d) Requirements and procedures for conveyance of land under the 
Recreation and Public Purposes Act for the purpose of solid waste 
disposal or for any other purpose that the authorized officer determines 
may result in or include the disposal, placement, or release of any 
hazardous substance are contained in subpart 2743 of this chapter.

[44 FR 43471, July 25, 1979, as amended at 57 FR 32732, July 23, 1992]



Sec. 2740.0-9  Information collection.

    The collection of information contained in part 2740 of Group 2700 
has been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under 44 U.S.C. 
3501 et seq. and assigned clearance number 1004-0012. This information 
will be used to determine the suitability of public lands for lease and/
or disposal to States or their political subdivisions, and to nonprofit 
corporations and associations, for recreational and public purposes. 
Responses are required to obtain benefits in accordance with the 
Recreation and Public Purposes Act.
    Public reporting burden for this information is estimated to average 
47 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, 
searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data 
needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. 
Comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this 
collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the 
burden, should be sent to the Division of Information Resources 
Management (770), Bureau of Land Management, 1849 C Street NW., 
Washington, DC 20240; and the Paperwork Reduction Project (1004-0012), 
Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503.

[57 FR 32732, July 23, 1992]



      Subpart 2741_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: Requirements



Sec. 2741.1  Lands subject to disposition.

    (a) The act is applicable to any public lands except (1) lands 
withdrawn or reserved for national forests, national parks and 
monuments, and national wildlife refuges, (2) Indian lands and lands set 
aside or held for use by or for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts and 
Eskimos, and (3) lands which have been acquired for specific purposes.
    (b) Revested Oregon and California Railroad grant lands and 
reconveyed Coos Bay Wagon Road grant lands may only be leased to States 
and counties and to State and Federal instrumentalities and political 
subdivisions and to municipal corporations.
    (c) Section 211 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 does not apply to public lands within the National Forest System, 
defined in the Act of August 17, 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1601), the National 
Park System, the National Wildlife Refuge System and the National Wild 
and Scenic Rivers System.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979]



Sec. 2741.2  Qualified applicants.

    Applications for any recreational or public purpose may be filed by 
States, Federal and State instrumentalities

[[Page 223]]

and political subdivisions, including counties and municipalities, and 
nonprofit associations and nonprofit corporations that, by their 
articles of incorporation or other authority, are authorized to acquire 
land.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979]



Sec. 2741.3  Preapplication consultation.

    (a) Potential applicants should contact the appropriate District 
Office of the Bureau of Land Management well in advance of the 
anticipated submission of an application. Early consultation is needed 
to familiarize a potential applicant with management responsibilities 
and terms and conditions which may be required in a lease or patent.
    (b) Any information furnished by the applicant in connection with 
preapplication activity or use, which he/she requests not be disclosed, 
shall be protected to the extent consistent with the Freedom of 
Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552).
    (c) Dependent upon the magnitude and/or public interest associated 
with the proposed use, various investigations, studies, analyses, public 
meetings and negotiations may be required of the applicant prior to the 
submission of the application. Where a determination is made that 
studies and analyses are required, the authorized officer shall inform 
the potential applicant of these requirements.
    (d) The potential applicant may be permitted to go upon the public 
lands to perform casual acts related to data collection necessary for 
development of an acceptable plan of development as required in Sec. 
2741.4(b) of this title. These casual acts include, but are not limited 
to:
    (1) Vehicle use on existing roads;
    (2) Sampling;
    (3) Surveys required for siting of structures or other improvements; 
and
    (4) Other activities which do not unduly disturb surface resources. 
If, however, the authorized officer determines that appreciable impacts 
to surface resources may occur, he/she may require the potential 
applicant to obtain a land use authorization permit with appropriate 
terms and conditions under the provision of part 2920 of this title.

[50 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985]



Sec. 2741.4  Applications.

    (a) Applications shall be submitted on forms approved by the 
Director, Bureau of Land Management.
    (b) Each application shall be accompanied by three copies of a 
statement describing the proposed use of the land. The statement shall 
show that there is an established or definitely proposed project for 
such use of the land, present detailed plan and schedule for development 
of the project and a management plan which includes a description of how 
any revenues will be used. The provisions of Sec. 1821.2 of this title 
apply to filings pursuant to this section.
    (c) Each application shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable filing 
fee of $100. The filing fee shall be required for new applications as 
well as for applications for change of use or transfer of title filed 
under Sec. 2741.6 of this title.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979. Redesignated and amended at 50 FR 50300, 
Dec. 10, 1985]



Sec. 2741.5  Guidelines for conveyances and leases under the act.

    (a) Public lands shall be conveyed or leased under the act only for 
an established or definitely proposed project for which there is a 
reasonable timetable of development and satisfactory development and 
management plans.
    (b) No public lands having national significance shall be conveyed 
pursuant to the act.
    (c) No more public lands than are reasonably necessary for the 
proposed use shall be conveyed pursuant to the act.
    (d) For proposals involving over 640 acres, public lands shall not 
be sold or leased pursuant to this act until:
    (1) Comprehensive land use plans and zoning regulations for the area 
in which the lands are located have been adopted by the appropriate 
State or local authorities.
    (2) The authorized officer has held at least one public meeting on 
the proposal.
    (e) Applications shall not be approved unless and until it has been 
determined that disposal under the act would serve

[[Page 224]]

the national interest following the planning requirements of section 202 
of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1712).
    (f) Public lands may be determined to be suitable for lease or sale 
under the act by the authorized officer on his own motion as a result of 
demonstrated public needs for public lands for recreational or public 
purposes during the planning process described in section 202 of the 
Federal Land Policy and Management Act.
    (g) Lands under the jurisdiction of another agency shall not be 
determined to be suitable for lease or sale without that agency's 
approval.
    (h)(1) A notice of realty action which shall serve as a 
classification of public lands as suitable or unsuitable for conveyance 
or lease under the act shall be issued, published and sent to parties of 
interest by the authorized officer not less than 60 days prior to the 
proposed effective date of the classification action. Notices specifying 
public lands classified as suitable shall include: the use proposed; 
whether the lands are to be conveyed or leased; and the terms, 
covenants, conditions and reservations which shall be included in the 
conveyance or lease document. The notice shall provide at least 45 days 
from the date of issuance for submission of public comments.
    (2) If the notice of realty action states that the lands are 
classified as suitable for conveyance or lease under the act, it shall 
segregate the public lands described in the notice from appropriation 
under any other public land law, including locations under the mining 
laws, except as provided in the notice or any amendments or revisions to 
the notice. If, after 18 months following the issuance of the notice, an 
application has not been filed for the purpose for which the public 
lands have been classified, the segregative effect of the classification 
shall automatically expire and the public lands classified in the notice 
shall return to their former status without further action by the 
authorized officer.
    (3) The notice of realty action shall be published once in the 
Federal Register and once a week for 3 weeks thereafter in a newspaper 
of general circulation in the vicinity of the public lands covered by 
the notice.
    (4) The notice published under Sec. 1610.5-5 of this title, if 
designated in the notice, shall serve as the notice of realty action 
required by this section and shall segregate the public lands as stated 
in the notice. Any such notice given under Sec. 1610.5-5 of this title 
shall be published and distributed under the provisions of this section.
    (i) The Act shall not be used to provide sites for the disposal of 
permanent or long-term hazardous wastes.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979. Redesignated at 51 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985, 
and amended at 50 FR 50301, Dec. 10, 1985; 51 FR 1795, Jan. 15, 1986; 57 
FR 32733, July 23, 1992]



Sec. 2741.6  Applications for transfer or change of use.

    (a) Applications under the act for permission to add to or change 
the use specified in a patent or applications to transfer title to a 
third party shall be filed as prescribed in Sec. 2741.4 of this title.
    (b) Applications for transfer of title are subject to the acreage 
limitations as prescribed in Sec. 2741.7(a) of this title.
    (c) Prior to approval of an application filed under this section, 
the public lands may be reappraised in accordance with Sec. 2741.8 of 
this title and the beneficiary required to make such payments as are 
found justified by the reappraisal.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979. Redesignated at 51 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985, 
and amended at 50 FR 50301, Dec. 10, 1985]



Sec. 2741.7  Acreage limitations and general conditions.

    (a) Conveyances under the Act to any applicant in any one calendar 
year shall be limited as follows:
    (1) Any State or State agency having jurisdiction over the State 
park system may acquire not more than 6,400 acres for recreational 
purposes and such additional acreage as may be needed for small roadside 
parks and rest sites of 10 acres or less each.
    (2) Any State or agency or instrumentality of such State may acquire 
not more than 640 acres for each of its programs involving public 
purposes other than recreation.

[[Page 225]]

    (3) Any politicial subdivision of a State may acquire for 
recreational purposes not more than 6,400 acres, and for public purposes 
other than recreation an additional 640 acres. In addition, any 
political subdivision of a State may acquire such additional acreage as 
may be needed for roadside parks and rest sites of not more than 10 
acres each.
    (4) If a State or political subdivision has failed in any one 
calendar year to receive 6,400 acres (not counting public lands for 
small roadside parks and rest sites) and had an application on file on 
the last day of that year, the State, State park agency or political 
subdivision may receive additional public lands to the extent that the 
conveyances would not have exceeded the limitations for that year.
    (5) Any nonprofit corporation or nonprofit association may acquire 
for recreational purposes not more than 640 acres and for public 
purposes other than recreation an additional 640 acres.
    (6) Acreage limitations described in this section do not apply to 
conveyances made under section 211 of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976.
    (b) Conveyances within any State shall not exceed 25,600 acres for 
recreational purposes per calendar year, except that should any State 
park agency or political subdivision fail in one calendar year to 
receive 6,400 acres other than small roadside parks and rest sites, 
additional conveyances may be made thereafter to that State park agency 
or political subdivision pursuant to any application on file on the last 
day of said year to the extent that the conveyances would not have 
exceeded the limitations of said year.
    (c) No patents shall be issued under the act unless and until the 
public lands are officially surveyed. This requirement does not apply to 
islands patented under the authority of section 211(a) of the Federal 
Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979. Redesignated at 51 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985, 
and amended at 50 FR 50301, Dec. 10, 1985; 65 FR 70112, Nov. 21, 2000]



Sec. 2741.8  Price.

    (a) Conveyances for recreational or historic-monument purposes to a 
State, county, or other State or Federal instrumentality or political 
subdivision shall be issued without monetary consideration.
    (b) All other conveyances shall be made at prices established by the 
Secretary of the Interior through appraisal or otherwise, taking into 
consideration the purpose for which the land is to be used.
    (c) Patents shall be issued only after payment of the full purchase 
price by a patent applicant.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979. Redesignated at 50 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985]



Sec. 2741.9  Patent provisions.

    (a) All patents under the act shall provide that title shall revert 
upon a finding, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, that, 
without the approval of the authorized officer:
    (1) The patentee or its approved successor attempts to transfer 
title to or control over the lands to another;
    (2) The lands have been devoted to a use other than that for which 
the lands were conveyed;
    (3) The lands have not been used for the purpose for which they were 
conveyed for a 5-year period; or
    (4) The patentee has failed to follow the approved development plan 
or management plan.
    (b) Patents shall also provide that the Secretary of the Interior 
may take action to revest title in the United States if the patentee 
directly or indirectly permits his agents, employees, contractors, or 
subcontractors (including without limitation lessees, sublessees, and 
permittees) to prohibit or restrict the use of any part of the patented 
lands or any of the facilities thereon by any person because of such 
person's race, creed, color, sex or national origin.

[44 FR 43472, July 25, 1979. Redesignated at 50 FR 50300, Dec. 10, 1985]



   Subpart 2742_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: Omitted Lands and 
                           Unsurveyed Islands

    Source: 44 FR 41794, July 18, 1979, unless otherwise noted. 
Redesignated at 50 FR 50301, Dec. 10, 1985.

[[Page 226]]



Sec. 2742.1  Lands subject to disposition.

    Omitted lands and unsurveyed islands may be conveyed to States and 
their local political subdivisions under the provisions of section 211 
of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1721).

[50 FR 50301, Dec. 10, 1985]



Sec. 2742.2  Qualifications of applicants.

    States and their political subdivisions are qualified applicants.



Sec. 2742.3  Survey requirement.

    (a) Islands. (1) Survey is not necessary. However, unsurveyed 
islands shall be determined by the Secretary to be public lands of the 
United States.
    (2) Islands shall be surveyed at the request of the applicant, as 
provided in part 9185 of this chapter.
    (b) Determination as to whether lands, other than islands, are 
public lands of the United States erroneously or fraudulently omitted 
from the original surveys shall be by survey. Surveys shall be in 
accordance with the requirements of part 9185 of this title.



Sec. 2742.4  Conveyance limitations.

    (a) No conveyances shall be made under this section until the 
relevant State government, local government, and areawide planning 
agency have notified the Secretary as to the consistency of such 
conveyance with applicable State and local government land use plans and 
programs.
    (b) At least 60 days prior to offering for sale or otherwise 
conveying public lands under this section, the Secretary shall notify 
the Governor of the State within which such lands are located and the 
head of the governing body of any political subdivision of the State 
having zoning or other land-use regulatory jurisdiction in the 
geographical area within which such lands are located in order to afford 
the appropriate body the opportunity to zone or otherwise regulate 
change or amend existing zoning or other regulations concerning the use 
of such lands prior to such conveyance.
    (c) Conveyances under this section may be made without regard to 
acreage limitations contained in the Recreation and Public Purposes Act.



Sec. 2742.5  Consistency with other laws.

    The provision of the Recreation and Public Purposes Act prohibiting 
disposal for any use authorized under any other law does not apply to 
conveyances under this subpart.



  Subpart 2743_Recreation and Public Purposes Act: Solid Waste Disposal

    Source: 57 FR 32733, July 23, 1992, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 2743.1  Applicable regulations.

    Unless the requested action falls within the provision of Sec. 
2743.2(b), applications filed or actions taken under this subpart shall 
be subject to all the requirements set forth in subpart 2741 of this 
chapter except Sec. Sec. 2741.6 and 2741.9.



Sec. 2743.2  New disposal sites.

    (a) Public lands may be conveyed for the purpose of solid waste 
disposal or for any other purpose that the authorized officer determines 
may include the disposal, placement, or release of any hazardous 
substance subject to the following provisions:
    (1) The applicant shall furnish a copy of the application, plan of 
development, and any other information concerning the proposed use to 
all Federal and State agencies with responsibility for enforcement of 
laws applicable to lands used for the disposal, placement, or release of 
solid waste or any hazardous substance. The applicant shall include 
proof of this notification in the application filed with the authorized 
officer;
    (2) The proposed use covered by an application shall be consistent 
with the land use planning provisions contained in part 1600 of this 
title, and in compliance with the requirements of the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4371) and any other Federal 
and State laws and regulations applicable to the disposal of solid 
wastes and hazardous substances;
    (3) Conveyance shall be made only of lands classified for sale 
pursuant to the procedures and criteria in part 2400 of this title;

[[Page 227]]

    (4) The applicant shall warrant that it will indemnify and hold the 
United States harmless against any liability that may arise out of any 
violation of Federal or State law in connection with the use of the 
lands;
    (5) The authorized officer shall investigate the lands covered by an 
application to determine whether or not any hazardous substance is 
present. The authorized officer will require full reimbursement from the 
applicant for the costs of the investigation. The authorized officer 
may, in his or her discretion, make an exception to the requirement of 
full reimbursement if the applicant demonstrates that such costs would 
result in undue hardship. The investigation shall include but not be 
limited to:
    (i) A review of available records related to the history and use of 
the land;
    (ii) A visual inspection of the property; and
    (iii) An appropriate analysis of the soil, water and air associated 
with the area;
    (6) The investigation conducted under paragraph (a)(5) of this 
section must disclose no hazardous substances and there is a reasonable 
basis to believe that no such substances are present; and
    (7) The applicant shall present certification from the State agency 
or agencies responsible for environmental protection and enforcement 
that they have reviewed all records, inspection reports, studies, and 
other materials produced or considered in the course of the 
investigation and that based on these documents, such agency or agencies 
agree with the authorized officer that no hazardous substances are 
present on the property.
    (b) The authorized officer shall not convey public lands covered by 
an application if hazardous substances are known to be present.
    (c) The authorized officer shall retain as permanent records all 
environmental analyses and appropriate documentation, investigation 
reports, State certifications, and other materials produced or 
considered in determining the suitability of public lands for conveyance 
under this section.



Sec. 2743.2-1  Patent provisions for new disposal sites.

    For new disposal sites, each patent will provide that:
    (a) The patentee shall comply with all Federal and State laws 
applicable to the disposal, placement, or release of hazardous 
substances;
    (b) The patentee shall indemnify and hold harmless the United States 
against any legal liability or future costs that may arise out of any 
violation of such laws;
    (c) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, the land 
conveyed under Sec. 2743.2 of this part shall revert to the United 
States unless substantially used in accordance with an approved plan and 
schedule of development on or before the date five years after the date 
of conveyance;
    (d) If, at any time, the patentee transfers to another party 
ownership of any portion of the land not used for the purpose(s) 
specified in the application and the approved plan of development, the 
patentee shall pay the Bureau of Land Management the fair market value, 
as determined by the authorized officer, of the transferred portion as 
of the date of transfer, including the value of any improvements 
thereon; and
    (e) No portion of the land covered by such patent shall under any 
circumstance revert to the United States if such portion has been used 
for solid waste disposal or for any other purpose that the authorized 
officer determines may result in the disposal, placement, or release of 
any hazardous substance.



Sec. 2743.3  Leased disposal sites.

    (a) Upon request by or with the concurrence of the lessee, and only 
with the express approval of the Director, Bureau of Land Management, 
the authorized officer may issue a patent for those lands covered by a 
lease, or portion thereof, issued on or before November 9, 1988, that 
have been or will be used, as specified in the plan of development, for 
solid waste disposal or for any other purpose that the authorized 
officer determines may result in or include the disposal, placement, or 
release of any hazardous substance, subject to the following provisions:

[[Page 228]]

    (1) All conveyances shall be consistent with the land use planning 
provisions contained in part 1600 of this title, and in compliance with 
the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4371) and any other Federal and State laws and regulations 
applicable to the disposal of solid wastes and hazardous substances;
    (2) Conveyances shall be made only of lands classified for sale 
pursuant to the procedures and criteria in part 2400 of this title.
    (3) The authorized officer shall investigate the lands to be 
included in the patent to determine whether they are contaminated with 
hazardous substances. The authorized officer will require full 
reimbursement from the lessee for the costs of the investigation. The 
authorized officer may, in his or her discretion, make an exception to 
the requirement of full reimbursement if the applicant demonstrates that 
such costs would result in undue hardship. The investigation shall 
include but not be limited to the following:
    (i) A review of all records and inspection reports on file with the 
Bureau of Land Management, State, and local agencies relating to the 
history and use of the lands covered by a lease and any violations and 
enforcement problems that occurred during the term of the lease;
    (ii) Consultation with the lessee and users of the landfill 
concerning site management and a review of all reports and logs 
pertaining to the type and amount of solid waste deposited at the 
landfill;
    (iii) A visual inspection of the leased site; and
    (iv) An appropriate analysis of the soil, water and air associated 
with the area;
    (4) The investigation conducted under paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section must establish that the involved lands contain only those 
quantities and types of hazardous substances consistent with household 
wastes, or wastes from conditionally exempt small quantity generators 
(40 CFR 261.5), and there is a reasonable basis to believe that the 
contents of the leased disposal site do not threaten human health and 
the environment; and
    (5) The applicant shall present certification from the State agency 
or agencies responsible for environmental protection and enforcement 
that they have reviewed all records, inspection reports, studies, and 
other materials produced or considered in the course of the 
investigation and that based on these documents, such agency or agencies 
agree with the authorized officer that the contents of the leased 
disposal site in question do not threaten human health and the 
environment.
    (b) The authorized officer shall not convey lands identified in 
paragraph (a) of this section if the investigation concludes that the 
lands contain hazardous substances at concentrations that threaten human 
health and the environment.
    (c) The authorized officer shall retain as permanent records all 
environmental analyses and appropriate documentation, investigation 
reports, State certifications, and other materials produced or 
considered in determining the suitability of public lands for conveyance 
under this section.



Sec. 2743.3-1  Patent provisions for leased disposal sites.

    Each patent for a leased disposal site will provide that:
    (a) The patentee shall comply with all Federal and State laws 
applicable to the disposal, placement, or release of hazardous 
substances;
    (b) The patentee shall indemnify and hold harmless the United States 
against any legal liability or future costs that may arise out of any 
violation of such laws; and
    (c) No portion of the land covered by such patent shall under any 
circumstance revert to the United States.



Sec. 2743.4  Patented disposal sites.

    (a) Upon request by or with the concurrence of the patentee, the 
authorized officer may renounce the reversionary interests of the United 
States in land conveyed on or before November 9, 1988, and rescind any 
portion of any patent or other instrument of conveyance inconsistent 
with the renunciation upon a determination that such land has been used 
for solid waste disposal or for any other purpose that the

[[Page 229]]

authorized officer determines may result in the disposal, placement, or 
release of any hazardous substance.
    (b) If the patentee elects not to accept the renunciation of the 
reversionary interests, the provisions contained in Sec. Sec. 2741.6 
and 2741.9 shall continue to apply.



Group 2800_Use; Rights-of-Way--Table of Contents






PART 2800_RIGHTS-OF-WAY UNDER THE FEDERAL LAND POLICY 
MANAGEMENT ACT--Table of Contents




                    Subpart 2801_General Information

Sec.
2801.2 What is the objective of BLM's right-of-way program?
2801.5 What acronyms and terms are used in the regulations in this part?
2801.6 Scope.
2801.8 Severability.
2801.9 When do I need a grant?
2801.10 How do I appeal a BLM decision issued under the regulations in 
          this part?

              Subpart 2802_Lands Available for FLPMA Grants

2802.10 What lands are available for grants?
2802.11 How does BLM designate corridors?

          Subpart 2803_Qualifications for Holding FLPMA Grants

2803.10 Who may hold a grant?
2803.11 Can another person act on my behalf?
2803.12 What happens to my application or grant if I die?

                 Subpart 2804_Applying for FLPMA Grants

2804.10 What should I do before I file my application?
2804.11 Where do I file my grant application?
2804.12 What information must I submit in my application?
2804.13 Will BLM keep my information confidential?
2804.14 What is the processing fee for a grant application?
2804.15 When does BLM reevaluate the processing and monitoring fees?
2804.16 Who is exempt from paying processing and monitoring fees?
2804.17 What is a Master Agreement (Processing Category 5) and what 
          information must I provide to BLM when I request one?
2804.18 What provisions do Master Agreements contain and what are their 
          limitations?
2804.19 How will BLM process my Processing Category 6 application?
2804.20 How does BLM determine reasonable costs for Processing Category 
          6 or Monitoring Category 6 applications?
2804.21 What other factors will BLM consider in determining processing 
          and monitoring fees?
2804.22 How will the availability of funds affect the timing of BLM's 
          processing?
2804.23 What if there are two or more competing applications for the 
          same facility or system?
2804.24 Do I always have to submit an application for a grant using 
          Standard Form 299?
2804.25 How will BLM process my application?
2804.26 Under what circumstances may BLM deny my application?
2804.27 What fees do I owe if BLM denies my application or if I withdraw 
          my application?
2804.28 What processing fees must I pay for a BLM grant application 
          associated with Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) 
          licenses or re-license applications under part I of the 
          Federal Power Act (FPA)?
2804.29 What activities may I conduct on the lands covered by the 
          proposed right-of-way while BLM is processing my application?

               Subpart 2805_Terms and Conditions of Grants

2805.10 How will I know whether BLM has approved or denied my 
          application?
2805.11 What does a grant contain?
2805.12 What terms and conditions must I comply with?
2805.13 When is a grant effective?
2805.14 What rights does a grant convey?
2805.15 What rights does the United States retain?
2805.16 If I hold a grant, what monitoring fees must I pay?
2805.17 When do I pay monitoring fees?

                           Subpart 2806_Rents

                           General Provisions

2806.10 What rent must I pay for my grant?
2806.11 How will BLM charge me rent?
2806.12 When do I pay rent?
2806.13 What happens if I pay the rent late?
2806.14 Under what circumstances am I exempt from paying rent?
2806.15 Under what circumstances may BLM waive or reduce my rent?
2806.16 When must I make estimated rent payments to BLM?

[[Page 230]]

                          Linear Rights-of-Way

2806.20 What is the rent for a linear right-of-way?
2806.21 When and how does the linear rent schedule change?
2806.22 How will BLM calculate my rent for linear rights-of-way the 
          schedule covers?
2806.23 How must I make rental payments for a linear grant?

                    Communication Site Rights-of-Way

2806.30 What are the rents for communication site rights-of-way?
2806.31 How will BLM calculate rent for a right-of-way for communication 
          uses in the schedule?
2806.32 How does BLM determine the population strata served?
2806.33 How will BLM calculate the rent for a grant or lease authorizing 
          a single use communication facility?
2806.34 How will BLM calculate the rent for a grant or lease authorizing 
          a multiple-use communication facility?
2806.35 How will BLM calculate rent for private mobile radio service 
          (PMRS), internal microwave, and 'other'' category uses?
2806.36 If I am a tenant or customer in a facility, must I have my own 
          grant or lease and if so, how will this affect my rent?
2806.37 How will BLM calculate rent for a grant or lease involving an 
          entity with a single use (holder or tenant) having equipment 
          or occupying space in multiple BLM-authorized facilities to 
          support that single use?
2806.38 Can I combine multiple grants or leases for facilities located 
          on one site into a single grant or lease?
2806.39 How will BLM calculate rent for a lease for a facility manager's 
          use?
2806.40 How will BLM calculate rent for a grant or lease for ancillary 
          communication uses associated with communication uses on the 
          rent schedule?
2806.41 How will BLM calculate rent for communication facilities 
          ancillary to a linear grant or other use authorization?
2806.42 How will BLM calculate rent for a grant or lease authorizing a 
          communication use within a federally-owned communication 
          facility?
2806.43 How does BLM calculate rent for passive reflectors and local 
          exchange networks?
2806.44 How will BLM calculate rent for a facility owner's or facility 
          manager's grant or lease which authorizes communication uses 
          subject to the communication use rent schedule and 
          communication uses whose rent BLM determines by other means?

                           Other Rights-of-Way

2806.50 How Will BLM Determine the Rent for a Grant When Neither the 
          Linear Rent Schedule at Sec. 2806.20 nor the communication 
          use rent schedule at Sec. 2806.30 applies?

             Subpart 2807_Grant Administration and Operation

2807.10 When can I start activities under my grant?
2807.11 When must I contact BLM during operations?
2807.12 If I hold a grant, for what am I liable?
2807.13 As grant holders, what liabilities do state, tribal, and local 
          governments have?
2807.14 How will BLM notify me if someone else wants a grant for land 
          subject to my grant or near or adjacent to it?
2807.15 How is grant administration affected if the land my grant 
          encumbers is transferred to another Federal agency or out of 
          Federal ownership?
2807.16 Under what conditions may BLM order an immediate temporary 
          suspension of my activities?
2807.17 Under what conditions may BLM suspend or terminate my grant?
2807.18 How will I know that BLM intends to suspend or terminate my 
          grant?
2807.19 When my grant terminates, what happens to any facilities on it?
2807.20 When must I amend my application, seek an amendment of my grant, 
          or obtain a new grant?
2807.21 May I assign my grant?
2807.22 How do I renew my grant?

                          Subpart 2808_Trespass

2808.10 What is trespass?
2808.11 What will BLM do if it determines that I am in trespass?
2808.12 May I receive a grant if I am or have been in trespass?

                Subpart 2809_Grants for Federal Agencies

2809.10 Do the regulations in this part apply to Federal agencies?

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1733, 1740, 1763, and 1764.

    Source: 70 FR 21058, Apr. 22, 2005, unless otherwise noted.



                    Subpart 2801_General information



Sec. 2801.2  What is the objective of BLM's right-of-way program?

    It is BLM's objective to grant rights-of-way under the regulations 
in this

[[Page 231]]

part to any qualified individual, business, or government entity and to 
direct and control the use of rights-of-way on public lands in a manner 
that:
    (a) Protects the natural resources associated with public lands and 
adjacent lands, whether private or administered by a government entity;
    (b) Prevents unnecessary or undue degradation to public lands;
    (c) Promotes the use of rights-of-way in common considering 
engineering and technological compatibility, national security, and land 
use plans; and
    (d) Coordinates, to the fullest extent possible, all BLM actions 
under the regulations in this part with state and local governments, 
interested individuals, and appropriate quasi-public entities.



Sec. 2801.5  What acronyms and terms are used in the regulations in this part?

    (a) Acronyms. As used in this part:
    ALJ means Administrative Law Judge.
    BLM means the Bureau of Land Management.
    CERCLA means the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation 
and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).
    EA means environmental assessment.
    EIS means environmental impact statement.
    IBLA means the Department of the Interior, Board of Land Appeals.
    IPD-GDP means the Implicit Price Deflator, Gross Domestic Product, 
as published in the most recent edition of the Survey of Current 
Business of the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
    NEPA means the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4321 et seq.).
    RMA means the Ranally Metro Area Population Ranking as published in 
the most recent edition of the Rand McNally Commercial Atlas and 
Marketing Guide.
    (b) Terms. As used in this part, the term:
    Act means the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
    Actual costs means the financial measure of resources the Federal 
government expends or uses in processing a right-of-way application or 
in monitoring the construction, operation, and termination of a facility 
authorized by a grant or permit. Actual costs includes both direct and 
indirect costs, exclusive of management overhead costs.
    Base rent means the dollar amount required from a grant or lease 
holder on BLM managed lands based on the communication use with the 
highest value in the associated facility or facilities, as calculated 
according to the communication use rent schedule. If a facility 
manager's or facility owner's scheduled rent is equal to the highest 
rent charged a tenant in the facility or facilities, then the facility 
manager's or facility owner's use determines the dollar amount of the 
base rent. Otherwise, the facility owner's, facility manager's, 
customer's, or tenant's use with the highest value, and which is not 
otherwise excluded from rent, determines the base rent.
    Casual use means activities ordinarily resulting in no or negligible 
disturbance of the public lands, resources, or improvements. Examples of 
casual use include: Surveying, marking routes, and collecting data to 
use to prepare grant applications.
    Commercial purpose or activity refers to the circumstance where a 
holder attempts to produce a profit by allowing the use of its 
facilities by an additional party. BLM may assess an appropriate rent 
for such commercial activities. The holder's use may not otherwise be 
subject to rent charges under BLM's rental provisions.
    Communication use rent schedule is a schedule of rents for the 
following types of communication uses, including related technologies, 
located in a facility associated with a particular grant or lease. All 
use categories include ancillary communications equipment, such as 
internal microwave or internal one-or two-way radio, that are directly 
related to operating, maintaining, and monitoring the primary uses 
listed below. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) may or may not 
license the primary uses. The type of use and community served, 
identified on an FCC license, if one has been issued, do not supersede 
either the definitions in this subpart or the procedures in

[[Page 232]]

Sec. 2806.30 of this part for calculating rent for communication 
facilities and uses located on public land:
    (1) Television broadcast means a use that broadcasts UHF and VHF 
audio and video signals for general public reception. This category does 
not include low-power television (LPTV) or rebroadcast devices, such as 
translators, or transmitting devices, such as microwave relays serving 
broadcast translators;
    (2) AM and FM radio broadcast means a use that broadcasts amplitude 
modulation (AM) or frequency modulation (FM) audio signals for general 
public reception. This category does not include low-power FM radio; 
rebroadcast devices, such as translators; or boosters or microwave 
relays serving broadcast translators;
    (3) Cable television means a use that transmits video programming to 
multiple subscribers in a community over a wired or wireless network. 
This category does not include rebroadcast devices that retransmit 
television signals of one or more television broadcast stations, or 
personal or internal antenna systems, such as private systems serving 
hotels and residences;
    (4) Broadcast translator, low-power television, and low-power FM 
radio means a use of translators, LPTV, or low-power FM radio (LPFM). 
Translators receive a television or FM radio broadcast signal and 
rebroadcast it on a different channel or frequency for local reception. 
In some cases the translator relays the true signal to an amplifier or 
another translator. LPTV and LPFM are broadcast translators that 
originate programming. This category also includes translators 
associated with public telecommunication services;
    (5) Commercial mobile radio service (CMRS)/facility manager means 
commercial mobile radio uses that provide mobile communication service 
to individual customers. Examples of CMRS include: Community repeaters, 
trunked radio (specialized mobile radio), two-way radio voice dispatch, 
public switched network (telephone/data) interconnect service, microwave 
communications link equipment, and other two-way voice and paging 
services. ``Facility Managers'' are grant or lease holders that lease 
building, tower, and related facility space to a variety of tenants and 
customers as part of the holder's business enterprise, but do not own or 
operate communication equipment in the facility for their own uses;
    (6) Cellular telephone means a system of mobile or fixed 
communication devices that use a combination of radio and telephone 
switching technology and provide public switched network services to 
fixed or mobile users, or both, within a defined geographic area. The 
system consists of one or more cell sites containing transmitting and 
receiving antennas, cellular base station radio, telephone equipment, or 
microwave communications link equipment. Examples of cellular telephone 
include: Personal Communication Service, Enhanced Specialized Mobile 
Radio, Improved Mobile Telephone Service, Air-to-Ground, Offshore Radio 
Telephone Service, Cell Site Extenders, and Local Multipoint 
Distribution Service;
    (7) Private mobile radio service (PMRS) means uses supporting 
private mobile radio systems primarily for a single entity for mobile 
internal communications. PMRS service is not sold and is exclusively 
limited to the user in support of business, community activities, or 
other organizational communication needs. Examples of PMRS include: 
Private local radio dispatch, private paging services, and ancillary 
microwave communications equipment for controlling mobile facilities;
    (8) Microwave means communication uses that:
    (i) Provide long-line intrastate and interstate public telephone, 
television, and data transmissions; or
    (ii) Support the primary business of pipeline and power companies, 
railroads, land resource management companies, or wireless internet 
service provider (ISP) companies; and
    (9) Other communication uses means private communication uses, such 
as amateur radio, personal/private receive-only antennas, natural 
resource and environmental monitoring equipment, and other small, low-
power devices used to monitor or control remote activities;
    Customer means an occupant who is paying a facility manager, 
facility owner, or tenant for using all or any part of the space in the 
facility, or for

[[Page 233]]

communication services, and is not selling communication services or 
broadcasting to others. We consider persons or entities benefitting from 
private or internal communication uses located in a holder's facility as 
customers for purposes of calculating rent. Customer uses are not 
included in calculating the amount of rent owed by a facility owner, 
facility manager, or tenant, except as noted in Sec. Sec. 2806.34(b)(4) 
and 2806.42 of this part. Examples of customers include: Users of PMRS, 
users in the microwave category when the microwave use is limited to 
internal communications, and all users in the category of ``Other 
communication uses'' (see paragraph (a) of the definition of 
Communication Use Rent Schedule in this section).
    Designated right-of-way corridor means a parcel of land with 
specific boundaries identified by law, Secretarial order, the land-use 
planning process, or other management decision, as being a preferred 
location for existing and future rights-of-way and facilities. The 
corridor may be suitable to accommodate more than one type of right-of-
way use or facility or one or more right-of-way uses or facilities which 
are similar, identical, or compatible.
    Discharge has the meaning found at 33 U.S.C. 1321(a)(2) of the Clean 
Water Act.
    Facility means an improvement or structure, whether existing or 
planned, that is or would be owned and controlled by the grant or lease 
holder within a right-of-way. For purposes of communication site rights-
of-way or uses, facility means the building, tower, and related 
incidental structures or improvements authorized under the terms of the 
grant or lease.
    Facility manager means a person or entity that leases space in a 
facility to communication users and:
    (1) Holds a communication use grant or lease;
    (2) Owns a communications facility on lands covered by that grant or 
lease; and
    (3) Does not own or operate communications equipment in the facility 
for personal or commercial purposes.
    Facility owner means a person or entity that may or may not lease 
space in a facility to communication users and:
    (1) Holds a communication use grant or lease;
    (2) Owns a communications facility on lands covered by that grant or 
lease; and
    (3) Owns and operates his or her own communications equipment in the 
facility for personal or commercial purposes.
    Grant means any authorization or instrument (e.g., easement, lease, 
license, or permit) BLM issues under Title V of the Federal Land Policy 
and Management Act, 43 U.S.C. 1761 et seq., and those authorizations and 
instruments BLM and its predecessors issued for like purposes before 
October 21, 1976, under then existing statutory authority. It does not 
include authorizations issued under the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 
185).
    Hazardous material means:
    (1) Any substance or material defined as hazardous, a pollutant, or 
a contaminant under CERCLA at 42 U.S.C. 9601(14) and (33);
    (2) Any regulated substance contained in or released from 
underground storage tanks, as defined by the Resource Conservation and 
Recovery Act at 42 U.S.C. 6991;
    (3) Oil, as defined by the Clean Water Act at 33 U.S.C. 1321(a) and 
the Oil Pollution Act at 33 U.S.C. 2701(23); or
    (4) Other substances applicable Federal, state, tribal, or local law 
define and regulate as ``hazardous.''
    Holder means any entity with a BLM right-of-way authorization.
    Management overhead costs means Federal expenditures associated with 
BLM's directorate, including all BLM State Directors and the entire 
Washington Office staff, except where a State Director or Washington 
Office staff member is required to perform work on a specific right-of-
way case.
    Monetary value of the rights and privileges you seek means the 
objective value of the right-of-way or what the right-of-way grant is 
worth in financial terms to the applicant.
    Monitoring means those actions the Federal government performs to 
ensure compliance with the terms, conditions, and stipulations of a 
grant.

[[Page 234]]

    (1) For Monitoring Categories 1 through 4, the actions include 
inspecting construction, operation, maintenance, and termination of 
permanent or temporary facilities and protection and rehabilitation 
activities until the holder completes rehabilitation of the right-of-way 
and BLM approves it;
    (2) For Monitoring Category 5 (Master Agreements), those actions 
agreed to in the Master Agreement; and
    (3) For Monitoring Category 6, those actions agreed to between BLM 
and the applicant before BLM issues the grant.
    Public lands means any land and interest in land owned by the United 
States within the several states and administered by the Secretary of 
the Interior through BLM without regard to how the United States 
acquired ownership, except lands:
    (1) Located on the Outer Continental Shelf; and
    (2) Held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts, and Eskimos.
    Reasonable costs has the meaning found at section 304(b) of the Act.
    Release has the meaning found at 42 U.S.C. 9601(22) of CERCLA.
    Right-of-way means the public lands BLM authorizes a holder to use 
or occupy under a grant.
    Site means an area, such as a mountaintop, where a holder locates 
one or more communication or other right-of-way facilities.
    Substantial deviation means a change in the authorized location or 
use which requires:
    (1) Construction or use outside the boundaries of the right-of-way; 
or
    (2) Any change from, or modification of, the authorized use. 
Examples of substantial deviation include: Adding equipment, overhead or 
underground lines, pipelines, structures, or other facilities not 
included in the original grant.
    Tenant means an occupant who is paying a facility manager, facility 
owner, or other entity for occupying and using all or any part of a 
facility. A tenant operates communication equipment in the facility for 
profit by broadcasting to others or selling communication services. For 
purposes of calculating the amount of rent that BLM charges, a tenant's 
use does not include:
    (1) Private mobile radio or internal microwave use that is not being 
sold; or
    (2) A use in the category of ``Other Communication Uses'' (see 
paragraph (a) of the definition of Communication Use Rent Schedule in 
this section).
    Third party means any person or entity other than BLM, the 
applicant, or the holder of a right-of-way authorization.
    Tramway means a system for carrying passengers, logs, or other 
material using traveling carriages or cars suspended from an overhead 
cable or cables supported by a series of towers, hangers, tailhold 
anchors, guyline trees, etc.
    Transportation and utility corridor means a parcel of land, without 
fixed limits or boundaries, that holders use as the location for one or 
more transportation or utility rights-of-way.
    Zone means one of eight geographic groupings necessary for linear 
right-of-way rent assessment purposes, covering all lands in the 
contiguous United States.



Sec. 2801.6  Scope.

    (a) What do these regulations apply to? The regulations in this part 
apply to:
    (1) Grants for necessary transportation or other systems and 
facilities which are in the public interest and which require the use of 
public lands for the purposes identified in 43 U.S.C. 1761, and 
administering, amending, assigning, renewing, and terminating them;
    (2) Grants to Federal departments or agencies for transporting by 
pipeline and related facilities oil, natural gas, synthetic liquid or 
gaseous fuels, and any refined products produced from them; and
    (3) Grants issued on or before October 21, 1976, under then existing 
statutory authority, unless application of these regulations would 
diminish or reduce any rights conferred by the original grant or the 
statute under which it was issued. Where there would be a diminishment 
or reduction in any right, the grant or statute applies.
    (b) What don't these regulations apply to? The regulations in this 
part do not apply to:

[[Page 235]]

    (1) Federal Aid Highways, for which Federal Highway Administration 
procedures apply;
    (2) Roads constructed or used according to reciprocal and cost share 
road use agreement under subpart 2812 of this chapter;
    (3) Lands within designated wilderness areas, although BLM may 
authorize some uses under parts 2920 and 6300 of this chapter;
    (4) Grants to holders other than Federal departments or agencies for 
transporting by pipeline and related facilities oil, natural gas, 
synthetic liquid or gaseous fuels, or any refined product produced from 
them (see part 2880 of this chapter);
    (5) Public highways constructed under the authority of Revised 
Statute (R.S.) 2477 (43 U.S.C. 932, repealed October 21, 1976);
    (6) Reservoirs, canals, and ditches constructed under the authority 
of R.S. 2339 and R.S. 2340 (43 U.S.C. 661, repealed in part, October 21, 
1976); or
    (7)(i) Any project or portion of a project that, prior to October 
24, 1992, was licensed under, or granted an exemption from, part I of 
the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.) which:
    (A) Is located on lands subject to a reservation under section 24 
(16 U.S.C. 818) of the FPA;
    (B) Did not receive a grant under Title V of the Federal Land Policy 
and Management Act (FLPMA) before October 24, 1992; and
    (C) Includes continued operation of such project (license renewal) 
under section 15 (16 U.S.C. 808) of the FPA;
    (ii) Paragraph (b)(7)(i) of this section does not apply to any 
additional public lands the project uses that are not subject to the 
reservation in paragraph (b)(7)(i)(A) of this section.



Sec. 2801.8  Severability.

    If a court holds any provisions of the regulations in this part or 
their applicability to any person or circumstances invalid, the 
remainder of these rules and their applicability to other people or 
circumstances will not be affected.



Sec. 2801.9  When do I need a grant?

    (a) You must have a grant under this part when you plan to use 
public lands for systems or facilities over, under, on, or through 
public lands. These include, but are not limited to:
    (1) Reservoirs, canals, ditches, flumes, laterals, pipelines, 
tunnels, and other systems which impound, store, transport, or 
distribute water;
    (2) Pipelines and other systems for transporting or distributing 
liquids and gases, other than water and other than oil, natural gas, 
synthetic liquid or gaseous fuels, or any refined products from them, or 
for storage and terminal facilities used in connection with them;
    (3) Pipelines, slurry and emulsion systems, and conveyor belts for 
transporting and distributing solid materials and facilities for storing 
such materials in connection with them;
    (4) Systems for generating, transmitting, and distributing 
electricity;
    (5) Systems for transmitting or receiving electronic signals and 
other means of communication;
    (6) Transportation systems, such as roads, trails, highways, 
railroads, canals, tunnels, tramways, airways, and livestock driveways; 
and
    (7) Such other necessary transportation or other systems or 
facilities which are in the public interest and which require rights-of-
way.
    (b) If you apply for a right-of-way grant for generating, 
transmitting, and distributing electricity, you must also comply with 
the applicable requirements of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 
under the Federal Power Act of 1935, 16 U.S.C. 791a et seq., and 18 CFR 
chapter I.
    (c) See part 2880 of this chapter for information about 
authorizations BLM issues under the Mineral Leasing Act for transporting 
oil and gas resources.



Sec. 2801.10  How do I appeal a BLM decision issued under the regulations in this part?

    (a) You may appeal a BLM decision issued under the regulations in 
this part in accordance with part 4 of this title.
    (b) All BLM decisions under this part remain in effect pending 
appeal unless

[[Page 236]]

the Secretary of the Interior rules otherwise, or as noted in this part. 
You may petition for a stay of a BLM decision under this part with the 
Office of Hearings and Appeals, Department of the Interior. Unless 
otherwise noted in this part, BLM will take no action on your 
application while your appeal is pending.



              Subpart 2802_Lands Available for FLPMA Grants



Sec. 2802.10  What lands are available for grants?

    (a) In its discretion, BLM may grant rights-of-way on any lands 
under its jurisdiction except when:
    (1) A statute, regulation, or public land order specifically 
excludes rights-of-way;
    (2) The lands are specifically segregated or withdrawn from right-
of-way uses; or
    (3) BLM identifies areas in its land use plans or in the analysis of 
an application as inappropriate for right-of-way uses.
    (b) BLM may require common use of a right-of-way and may require, to 
the extent practical, location of new rights-of-way within existing or 
designated right-of-way corridors (see Sec. 2802.11 of this subpart). 
Safety and other considerations may limit the extent to which you may 
share a right-of-way. BLM will designate right-of-way corridors through 
land use plan decisions.
    (c) You should contact the BLM office nearest the lands you seek to 
use to:
    (1) Determine whether or not the land you want to use is available 
for that use; and
    (2) Begin discussions about any application you may need to file.



Sec. 2802.11  How does BLM designate corridors?

    (a) BLM may determine the locations and boundaries of right-of-way 
corridors during the land-use planning process described in part 1600 of 
this chapter. During this process BLM coordinates with other Federal 
agencies, state, local, and tribal governments, and the public to 
identify resource-related issues, concerns, and needs. The process 
results in a resource management plan or plan amendment, which addresses 
to what extent you may use public lands and resources for specific 
purposes.
    (b) When determining which lands may be suitable for right-of-way 
corridors, the factors BLM considers include, but are not limited to, 
the following:
    (1) Federal, state, and local land use plans, and applicable 
Federal, state, local, and tribal laws;
    (2) Environmental impacts on cultural resources and natural 
resources, including air, water, soil, fish, wildlife, and vegetation;
    (3) Physical effects and constraints on corridor placement due to 
geology, hydrology, meteorology, soil, or land forms;
    (4) Costs of construction, operation, and maintenance and costs of 
modifying or relocating existing facilities in a proposed right-of-way 
corridor (i.e., the economic efficiency of placing a right-of-way within 
a proposed corridor);
    (5) Risks to national security;
    (6) Potential health and safety hazards imposed on the public by 
facilities or activities located within the proposed right-of-way 
corridor;
    (7) Social and economic impacts of the right-of-way corridor on 
public land users, adjacent landowners, and other groups or individuals;
    (8) Transportation and utility corridor studies previously developed 
by user groups; and
    (9) Engineering and technological compatibility of proposed and 
existing facilities.
    (c) BLM may designate any transportation and utility corridor 
existing prior to October 21, 1976, as a transportation and utility 
corridor without further review.
    (d) The resource management plan or plan amendment may also identify 
areas where BLM will not allow right-of-way corridors for environmental, 
safety, or other reasons.

[[Page 237]]



          Subpart 2803_Qualifications for Holding FLPMA Grants



Sec. 2803.10  Who may hold a grant?

    To hold a grant under these regulations, you must be:
    (a) An individual, association, corporation, partnership, or similar 
business entity, or a Federal agency or state, tribal, or local 
government;
    (b) Technically and financially able to construct, operate, 
maintain, and terminate the use of the public lands you are applying 
for; and
    (c) Of legal age and authorized to do business in the state where 
the right-of-way you seek is located.



Sec. 2803.11  Can another person act on my behalf?

    Another person may act on your behalf if you have authorized the 
person to do so under the laws of the state where the right-of-way is or 
will be located.



Sec. 2803.12  What happens to my application or grant if I die?

    (a) If an applicant or grant holder dies, any inheritable interest 
in an application or grant will be distributed under state law.
    (b) If the distributee of a grant is not qualified to hold a grant 
under Sec. 2803.10 of this subpart, BLM will recognize the distributee 
as grant holder and allow the distributee to hold its interest in the 
grant for up to two years. During that period, the distributee must 
either become qualified or divest itself of the interest.



                 Subpart 2804_Applying for FLPMA Grants



Sec. 2804.10  What should I do before I file my application?

    (a) Before filing an application with BLM, we encourage you to make 
an appointment for a preapplication meeting with the appropriate 
personnel in the BLM field office having jurisdiction over the lands you 
seek to use. During the preapplication meeting, BLM can:
    (1) Identify potential routing and other constraints;
    (2) Determine whether or not the lands are located within a 
designated or existing right-of-way corridor;
    (3) Tentatively schedule the processing of your proposed 
application; and
    (4) Inform you of your financial obligations, such as processing and 
monitoring costs and rents.
    (b) Subject to Sec. 2804.13 of this subpart, BLM may share any 
information you provide under paragraph (a) of this section with 
Federal, state, tribal, and local government agencies to ensure that:
    (1) These agencies are aware of any authorizations you may need from 
them; and
    (2) We initiate effective coordinated planning as soon as possible.



Sec. 2804.11  Where do I file my grant application?

    (a) You must file the grant application in the BLM field office 
having jurisdiction over the lands affected by your application.
    (b) If your application affects more than one BLM administrative 
unit, you may file at any BLM office having jurisdiction over any part 
of the project. BLM will notify you where to direct subsequent 
communications.



Sec. 2804.12  What information must I submit in my application?

    (a) File your application on Standard Form 299, available from any 
BLM office, and fill in the required information as completely as 
possible. Your completed application must include:
    (1) A description of the project and the scope of the facilities;
    (2) The estimated schedule for constructing, operating, maintaining, 
and terminating the project;
    (3) The estimated life of the project and the proposed construction 
and reclamation techniques;
    (4) A map of the project, showing its proposed location and existing 
facilities adjacent to the proposal;
    (5) A statement of your financial and technical capability to 
construct, operate, maintain, and terminate the project;
    (6) Any plans, contracts, agreements, or other information 
concerning your

[[Page 238]]

use of the right-of-way and its effect on competition; and
    (7) A statement certifying that you are of legal age and authorized 
to do business in the state(s) where the right-of-way would be located, 
and that you have submitted correct information to the best of your 
knowledge.
    (b) If you are a business entity, you must also submit the following 
information:
    (1) Copies of the formal documents creating the entity, such as 
articles of incorporation, and including the corporate bylaws;
    (2) Evidence that the party signing the application has the 
authority to bind the applicant;
    (3) The name and address of each participant in the business;
    (4) The name and address of each shareholder owning 3 percent or 
more of the shares, and the number and percentage of any class of voting 
shares of the entity which such shareholder is authorized to vote;
    (5) The name and address of each affiliate of the business;
    (6) The number of shares and the percentage of any class of voting 
stock owned by the business, directly or indirectly, in any affiliate 
controlled by the business;
    (7) The number of shares and the percentage of any class of voting 
stock owned by an affiliate, directly or indirectly, in the business 
controlled by the affiliate; and
    (8) If you have already provided the information in paragraphs 
(b)(1) through (7) of this section to BLM and the information remains 
accurate, you need only reference the BLM serial number under which you 
previously filed it.
    (c) BLM may require you to submit additional information at any time 
while processing your application. See Sec. 2884.11(c) of this chapter 
for the type of information we may require.
    (d) If you are a Federal oil and gas lessee or operator and you need 
a right-of-way for access to your production facilities or oil and gas 
lease, you may include your right-of-way requirements with your 
Application for Permit to Drill or Sundry Notice required under parts 
3160 through 3190 of this chapter.
    (e) If you are filing with another Federal agency for a license, 
certificate of public convenience and necessity, or other authorization 
for a project involving a right-of-way on public lands, simultaneously 
file an application with BLM for a grant. Include a copy of the 
materials, or reference all the information, you filed with the other 
Federal agency.



Sec. 2804.13  Will BLM keep my information confidential?

    BLM will keep confidential any information in your application that 
you mark as ``confidential'' or ``proprietary'' to the extent allowed by 
law.



Sec. 2804.14  What is the processing fee for a grant application?

    (a) Unless you are exempt under Sec. 2804.16 of this subpart, you 
must pay a fee to BLM for the reasonable costs of processing your 
application before the Federal Government incurs them. The fees for 
Processing Categories 1 through 4 (see paragraph (b) of this section) 
are one-time fees and are not refundable. The fees are categorized based 
on an estimate of the amount of time that BLM will expend to process 
your application and issue a decision granting or denying the 
application.
    (b) There is no processing fee if BLM's work is estimated to take 
one hour or less. Processing fees are based on categories. These 
categories and fees for 2005 are:

                                          2005 Processing Fee Schedule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Processing fee per application as of June 21,
                                          Federal work hours    2005. To be adjusted annually for changes in the
         Processing category                   involved          IPD-GDP. See paragraph (c) of this section for
                                                                               update information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $97.
 assignments, renewals, and to          hours are 1
 existing grants assignments,           <= 8.
 renewals, and amendments to existing
 grants.
(2) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $343.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         8 <= 24.

[[Page 239]]

 
(3) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $644.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         24 <= 36.
(4) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $923.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         36 <= 50.
(5) Master agreements................  Varies.................  As specified in the agreement.
(6) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   Full reasonable costs.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         50.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) BLM will revise paragraph (b) of this section to update the 
processing fees for Categories 1 through 4 in the schedule each calendar 
year, based on the previous year's change in the IPD-GDP, as measured 
second quarter to second quarter. BLM will round these changes to the 
nearest dollar. BLM will update Category 5 processing fees as specified 
in the Master Agreement. You also may obtain a copy of the current 
schedule from any BLM state or field office or by writing: Director, 
BLM, 1849 C St., NW., Mail Stop 1000LS, Washington, DC 20240. BLM also 
posts the current schedule on the BLM Homepage on the Internet at http:/
/www.blm.gov.
    (d) After an initial review of your application, BLM will notify you 
of the processing category into which your application fits. You must 
then submit the appropriate payment for that category before BLM begins 
processing your application. Your signature on a cost recovery Master 
Agreement constitutes your agreement with the processing category 
decision. If you disagree with the category that BLM has determined for 
your application, you may appeal the decision under Sec. 2801.10 of 
this part. For Processing Categories 5 and 6 applications, see 
Sec. Sec. 2804.17, 2804.18, and 2804.19 of this subpart. If you paid 
the processing fee and you appeal a Processing Category 1 through 4 or a 
Processing Category 6 determination, BLM will process your application 
while the appeal is pending. If IBLA finds in your favor, you will 
receive a refund or adjustment of your processing fee.
    (e) In processing your application, BLM may determine at any time 
that the application requires preparing an EIS. If this occurs, BLM will 
send you a decision changing your processing category to Processing 
Category 6. You may appeal this decision under Sec. 2801.10 of this 
part.
    (f) To expedite processing of your application, you may notify BLM 
in writing that you are waiving paying reasonable costs and are electing 
to pay the full actual costs incurred by BLM in processing your 
application and monitoring your grant.



Sec. 2804.15  When does BLM reevaluate the processing and monitoring fees?

    BLM reevaluates the processing and monitoring fees (see Sec. 
2805.16 of this part) for each category and the categories themselves 
within 5 years after they go into effect and at 10-year intervals after 
that. When reevaluating processing and monitoring fees, BLM considers 
all factors that affect the fees, including, but not limited to, any 
changes in:
    (a) Technology;
    (b) The procedures for processing applications and monitoring 
grants;
    (c) Statutes and regulations relating to the right-of-way program; 
or
    (d) The IPD-GDP.



Sec. 2804.16  Who is exempt from paying processing and monitoring fees?

    You are exempt from paying processing and monitoring fees if:
    (a) You are a state or local government, or an agency of such a 
government, and BLM issues the grant for governmental purposes 
benefitting the general public. If your principal source of revenue 
results from charges you levy on customers for services similar to those 
of a profit-making corporation or business, you are not exempt; or
    (b) Your application under this subpart is associated with a cost-
share

[[Page 240]]

road or reciprocal right-of-way agreement.



Sec. 2804.17  What is a Master Agreement (Processing Category 5) and what 
information must I provide to BLM when I request one?

    (a) A Master Agreement (Processing Category 5) is a written 
agreement covering processing and monitoring fees (see Sec. 2805.16 of 
this part) negotiated between BLM and you that involves multiple BLM 
grant approvals for projects within a defined geographic area.
    (b) Your request for a Master Agreement must:
    (1) Describe the geographic area covered by the Agreement and the 
scope of the activity you plan;
    (2) Include a preliminary work plan. This plan must state what work 
you must do and what work BLM must do to process your application. Both 
parties must periodically update the work plan, as specified in the 
Agreement, and mutually agree to the changes;
    (3) Contain a preliminary cost estimate and a timetable for 
processing the application and completing the projects;
    (4) State whether you want the Agreement to apply to future 
applications in the same geographic area that are not part of the same 
projects; and
    (5) Contain any other relevant information that BLM needs to process 
the application.



Sec. 2804.18  What provisions do Master Agreements contain and what are their limitations?

    (a) A Master Agreement:
    (1) Specifies that you must comply with all applicable laws and 
regulations;
    (2) Describes the work you will do and the work BLM will do to 
process the application;
    (3) Describes the method of periodic billing, payment, and auditing;
    (4) Describes the processes, studies, or evaluations you will pay 
for;
    (5) Explains how BLM will monitor the grant and how BLM will recover 
monitoring costs;
    (6) Contains provisions allowing for periodic review and updating, 
if required;
    (7) Contains specific conditions for terminating the Agreement; and
    (8) Contains any other provisions BLM considers necessary.
    (b) BLM will not enter into any Agreement that is not in the public 
interest.
    (c) If you sign a Master Agreement, you waive your right to request 
a reduction of processing and monitoring fees.



Sec. 2804.19  How will BLM process my Processing Category 6 application?

    (a) For Processing Category 6 applications, you and BLM must enter 
into a written agreement that describes how BLM will process your 
application. The final agreement consists of a work plan and a financial 
plan.
    (b) In processing your application, BLM will:
    (1) Determine the issues subject to analysis under NEPA;
    (2) Prepare a preliminary work plan;
    (3) Develop a preliminary financial plan, which estimates the 
reasonable costs of processing your application and monitoring your 
project;
    (4) Discuss with you:
    (i) The preliminary plans and data;
    (ii) The availability of funds and personnel;
    (iii) Your options for the timing of processing and monitoring fee 
payments; and
    (iv) Financial information you must submit; and
    (5) Complete final scoping and develop final work and financial 
plans which reflect any work you have agreed to do. BLM will also 
present you with the final estimate of the reasonable costs you must 
reimburse BLM, including the cost for monitoring the project, using the 
factors in Sec. Sec. 2804.20 and 2804.21 of this subpart.
    (c) BLM retains the option to prepare any environmental documents 
related to your application. If BLM allows you to prepare any 
environmental documents and conduct any studies that BLM needs to 
process your application, you must do the work following BLM standards. 
For this purpose, you and BLM may enter into a written agreement. BLM 
will make the final determinations and conclusions arising from such 
work.
    (d) BLM will periodically, as stated in the agreement, estimate 
processing

[[Page 241]]

costs for a specific work period and notify you of the amount due. You 
must pay the amount due before BLM will continue working on your 
application. If your payment exceeds the reasonable costs that BLM 
incurred for the work, BLM will either adjust the next billing to 
reflect the excess, or refund you the excess under 43 U.S.C. 1734. You 
may not deduct any amount from a payment without BLM's prior written 
approval.



Sec. 2804.20  How does BLM determine reasonable costs for Processing Category
6 or Monitoring Category 6 applications?

    BLM will consider the factors in paragraph (a) of this section and 
Sec. 2804.21 of this subpart to determine reasonable costs. Submit to 
the BLM field office having jurisdiction over the lands covered by your 
application a written analysis of those factors applicable to your 
project, unless you agree in writing to waive consideration of 
reasonable costs and elect to pay full actual costs (see Sec. 
2804.14(f) of this subpart). Submitting your analysis with the 
application will expedite its handling. BLM may require you to submit 
additional information in support of your position. While we consider 
your written analysis, BLM will not process your Category 6 application.
    (a) FLPMA factors. If your application is for a Processing Category 
6, or a Monitoring Category 6 project, the BLM State Director having 
jurisdiction over the lands you are applying to use will apply the 
following factors set forth at section 304(b) of FLPMA, 43 U.S.C. 
1734(b), to determine the amount you owe. With your application, submit 
your analysis of how each of the following factors applies to your 
application:
    (1) Actual costs to BLM (exclusive of management overhead costs) of 
processing your application and of monitoring construction, operation, 
maintenance, and termination of a facility authorized by the right-of-
way grant;
    (2) Monetary value of the rights or privileges you seek;
    (3) BLM's ability to process an application with maximum efficiency 
and minimum expense, waste, and effort;
    (4) Costs incurred for the benefit of the general public interest 
rather than for the exclusive benefit of the applicant. That is, the 
costs for studies and data collection that have value to the Federal 
Government or the general public apart from processing the application;
    (5) Any tangible improvements, such as roads, trails, and recreation 
facilities, which provide significant public service and are expected in 
connection with constructing and operating the project; and
    (6) Other factors relevant to the reasonableness of the costs (see 
Sec. 2804.21 of this subpart).
    (b) Fee determination. After considering your analysis and other 
information, BLM will notify you in writing of what you owe. If you 
disagree with BLM's determination, you may appeal it under Sec. 2801.10 
of this part.



Sec. 2804.21  What other factors will BLM consider in determining processing
and monitoring fees?

    (a) Other factors. If you include this information in your 
application, in arriving at your processing or monitoring fee in any 
category, the BLM State Director will consider whether:
    (1) Payment of actual costs would:
    (i) Result in undue financial hardship to your small business, and 
you would receive little monetary value from your grant as compared to 
the costs of processing and monitoring; or
    (ii) Create such undue financial hardship as to prevent your use and 
enjoyment of your right-of-way for a non-commercial purpose.
    (2) The costs of processing the application and monitoring the 
issued grant grossly exceed the costs of constructing the project;
    (3) You are a non-profit organization, corporation, or association 
which is not controlled by or a subsidiary of a profit-making 
enterprise; and
    (i) The studies undertaken in connection with processing the 
application or monitoring the grant have a public benefit; or
    (ii) The facility or project will provide a benefit or special 
service to the general public or to a program of the Secretary;

[[Page 242]]

    (4) You need a grant to prevent or mitigate damages to any lands or 
property or to mitigate hazards or danger to public health and safety 
resulting from an act of God, an act of war, or negligence of the United 
States;
    (5) You have a grant and need to secure a new or amended grant in 
order to relocate an authorized facility to comply with public health 
and safety and environmental protection laws, regulations, and standards 
which were not in effect at the time BLM issued your original grant;
    (6) You have a grant and need to secure a new grant to relocate 
facilities which you have to move because a Federal agency or federally-
funded project needs the lands and the United States does not pay the 
costs associated with your relocation; or
    (7) For whatever other reason, such as public benefits or public 
services provided, collecting processing and monitoring fees would be 
inconsistent with prudent and appropriate management of public lands and 
with your equitable interests or the equitable interests of the United 
States.
    (b) Fee determination. With your written application, submit your 
analysis of how each of the factors, as applicable, in paragraph (a) of 
this section pertain to your application. BLM will notify you in writing 
of the BLM State Director's fee determination. You may appeal this 
decision under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.



Sec. 2804.22  How will the availability of funds affect the timing of BLM's processing?

    If BLM has insufficient funds to process your application, we will 
not process it until funds become available or you elect to pay full 
actual costs under Sec. 2804.14(f) of this part.



Sec. 2804.23  What if there are two or more competing applications for 
the same facility or system?

    (a) If there are two or more competing applications for the same 
facility or system and your application is in:
    (1) Processing Category 1 through 4. You must reimburse BLM for 
processing costs as if the other application or applications had not 
been filed.
    (2) Processing Category 6. You are responsible for processing costs 
identified in your application. If BLM cannot readily separate costs, 
such as costs associated with preparing environmental analyses, you and 
any competing applicants must pay an equal share or a proportion agreed 
to in writing among all applicants and BLM. If you agree to share costs 
that are common to your application and that of a competing applicant, 
and the competitor does not pay the agreed upon amount, you are liable 
for the entire amount due. The applicants must pay the entire processing 
fee in advance. BLM will not process your application until we receive 
the advance payments.
    (b) Who determines whether competition exists? BLM determines 
whether the applications are compatible in a single right-of-way system 
or are competing applications for the same system.
    (c) If BLM determines that competition exists, BLM will describe the 
procedures for a competitive bid through a bid announcement in a 
newspaper of general circulation in the area affected by the potential 
right-of-way and by a notice in the Federal Register.



Sec. 2804.24  Do I always have to submit an application for a grant using Standard Form 299?

    You do not have to file an application using Standard Form 299 if:
    (a) BLM determines that competition exists (see Sec. 2804.23(c) of 
this subpart); or
    (b) You are an oil and gas operator. You may include your right-of-
way requirements for a FLPMA grant as part of your Application for 
Permit to Drill or Sundry Notice under the regulations in parts 3160 
through 3190 of this chapter.



Sec. 2804.25  How will BLM process my application?

    (a) BLM will notify you in writing when it receives your application 
and will identify your processing fee described at Sec. 2804.14 of this 
subpart.
    (b) BLM may require you to submit additional information necessary 
to process the application. This information may include a detailed 
construction, operation, rehabilitation, and environmental protection 
plan, i.e., a

[[Page 243]]

``Plan of Development,'' and any needed cultural resource surveys or 
inventories for threatened or endangered species. If BLM needs more 
information, we will identify this information in a written deficiency 
notice asking you to provide the additional information within a 
specified period of time. BLM will notify you of any other grant 
applications which involve all or part of the lands for which you 
applied.
    (c) Customer service standard. BLM will process your completed 
application as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Processing category      Processing time             Conditions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1-4.................  60 calendar days......  If processing your
                                               application will take
                                               longer than 60 calendar
                                               days, BLM will notify you
                                               in writing of this fact
                                               prior to the 30th
                                               calendar day and inform
                                               you of when you can
                                               expect a final decision
                                               on your application.
5...................  As specified in the     BLM will process
                       Master Agreement.       applications as specified
                                               in the Agreement.
6...................  Over 60 calendar days.  BLM will notify you in
                                               writing within the
                                               initial 60-day processing
                                               period of the estimated
                                               processing time.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) Before issuing a grant, BLM will:
    (1) Complete a NEPA analysis for the application or approve a NEPA 
analysis previously completed for the application, as required by 40 CFR 
parts 1500 through 1508;
    (2) Determine whether or not your proposed use complies with 
applicable Federal and state laws;
    (3) If your application is for a road, determine whether it is in 
the public interest to require you to grant the United States an 
equivalent authorization across lands that you own;
    (4) Consult, as necessary, with other governmental entities;
    (5) Hold public meetings if sufficient public interest exists to 
warrant their time and expense. BLM will publish a notice in the Federal 
Register, a newspaper of general circulation in the vicinity of the 
lands involved, or both, announcing in advance any public hearings or 
meetings; and
    (6) Take any other action necessary to fully evaluate and decide 
whether to approve or deny your application.



Sec. 2804.26  Under what circumstances may BLM deny my application?

    (a) BLM may deny your application if:
    (1) The proposed use is inconsistent with the purpose for which BLM 
manages the public lands described in your application;
    (2) The proposed use would not be in the public interest;
    (3) You are not qualified to hold a grant;
    (4) Issuing the grant would be inconsistent with the Act, other 
laws, or these or other regulations;
    (5) You do not have or cannot demonstrate the technical or financial 
capability to construct the project or operate facilities within the 
right-of-way; or
    (6) You do not adequately comply with a deficiency notice (see Sec. 
2804.25(b) of this subpart) or with any BLM requests for additional 
information needed to process the application.
    (b) If BLM denies your application, you may appeal this decision 
under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.



Sec. 2804.27  What fees do I owe if BLM denies my application or if I withdraw my application?

    If BLM denies your application or you withdraw it, you owe the 
processing fee set forth at Sec. 2804.14 of this subpart, unless you 
have a Processing Category 5 or 6 application. Then, the following 
conditions apply:
    (a) If BLM denies your Processing Category 5 or 6 application, you 
are liable for all reasonable costs that the United States incurred in 
processing it. The money you have not paid is due within 30 calendar 
days after receiving a bill for the amount due.
    (b) You may withdraw your application in writing before BLM issues a 
grant. If you do so, you are liable for all reasonable processing costs 
the United States has incurred up to the time you withdraw the 
application and for the reasonable costs of terminating your 
application. Any money you have

[[Page 244]]

not paid is due within 30 calendar days after receiving a bill for the 
amount due. Any money you paid that is not used to cover costs the 
United States incurred as a result of your application will be refunded 
to you.



Sec. 2804.28  What processing fees must I pay for a BLM grant application 
associated with Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) licenses or re-license 

          applications under part I of the Federal Power Act (FPA)?

    (a) You must reimburse BLM for the costs which the United States 
incurs in processing your grant application associated with a FERC 
project, other than those described at Sec. 2801.6(b)(7) of this part. 
BLM also requires reimbursement for processing a grant application 
associated with a FERC project licensed before October 24, 1992, that 
involves the use of additional public lands outside the original area 
reserved under section 24 of the FPA.
    (b) BLM will determine the amount you must pay by using the 
processing fee categories described at Sec. 2804.14 of this subpart and 
bill you for the costs. FERC will address other costs associated with 
processing a FERC license or relicense (see 18 CFR chapter I).



Sec. 2804.29  What activities may I conduct on the lands covered by the
proposed right-of-way while BLM is processing my application?

    (a) You may conduct casual use activities on the BLM lands covered 
by the application, as may any other member of the public. BLM does not 
require a grant for casual use on BLM lands.
    (b) For any activities on BLM lands that are not casual use, you 
must obtain prior BLM approval.



               Subpart 2805_Terms and Conditions of Grants



Sec. 2805.10  How will I know whether BLM has approved or denied my application?

    (a) BLM will send you a written response on your application. If we 
do not deny the application, we will send you an unsigned grant for your 
review and signature that:
    (1) Includes any terms, conditions, and stipulations that BLM 
determines to be in the public interest. This includes modifying your 
proposed use or changing the route or location of the facilities;
    (2) May include terms that prevent your use of the right-of-way 
until you have an approved Plan of Development and BLM has issued a 
Notice to Proceed; and
    (3) Will impose a specific term for the grant. Each grant that BLM 
issues for 20 or more years will contain a provision requiring periodic 
review at the end of the twentieth year and subsequently at 10-year 
intervals. BLM may change the terms and conditions of the grant as a 
result of these reviews in accordance with Sec. 2805.15(e) of this 
subpart.
    (b) If you agree with the terms and conditions of the unsigned 
grant, you should sign and return it to BLM with any payment required 
under Sec. 2805.16 of this subpart. BLM will sign the grant and return 
it to you with a final decision issuing the grant if the regulations in 
this part, including Sec. 2804.26, remain satisfied. You may appeal 
this decision under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.
    (c) If BLM denies your application, we will send you a written 
decision that will:
    (1) State the reasons for the denial (see Sec. 2804.26 of this 
part);
    (2) Identify any processing costs you must pay (see Sec. 2804.14 of 
this part); and
    (3) Notify you of your right to appeal this decision under Sec. 
2801.10 of this part.



Sec. 2805.11  What does a grant contain?

    The grant states what your rights are on the lands subject to the 
grant and contains information about:
    (a) What lands you can use or occupy. The lands may or may not 
correspond to those for which you applied. BLM will limit the grant to 
those lands which BLM determines:
    (1) You will occupy with authorized facilities;
    (2) Are necessary for constructing, operating, maintaining, and 
terminating the authorized facilities;
    (3) Are necessary to protect the public health and safety;
    (4) Will not unnecessarily damage the environment; and

[[Page 245]]

    (5) Will not result in unnecessary or undue degradation.
    (b) How long you can use the right-of-way. Each grant will state the 
length of time that you are authorized to use the right-of-way.
    (1) BLM will consider the following factors in establishing a 
reasonable term:
    (i) The public purpose served;
    (ii) Cost and useful life of the facility;
    (iii) Time limitations imposed by licenses or permits required by 
other Federal agencies and state, tribal, or local governments; and
    (iv) The time necessary to accomplish the purpose of the grant.
    (2) All grants, except those issued for a term of less than one year 
and those issued in perpetuity, expire on December 31 of the final year 
of the grant.
    (c) How you can use the right-of-way. You may only use the right-of-
way for the specific use the grant authorizes.



Sec. 2805.12  What terms and conditions must I comply with?

    By accepting a grant, you agree to comply with and be bound by the 
following terms and conditions. During construction, operation, 
maintenance, and termination of the project you must:
    (a) To the extent practicable, comply with all existing and 
subsequently enacted, issued, or amended Federal laws and regulations 
and state laws and regulations applicable to the authorized use;
    (b) Rebuild and repair roads, fences, and established trails 
destroyed or damaged by the project;
    (c) Build and maintain suitable crossings for existing roads and 
significant trails that intersect the project;
    (d) Do everything reasonable to prevent and suppress wildfires on or 
in the immediate vicinity of the right-of-way area;
    (e) Not discriminate against any employee or applicant for 
employment during any phase of the project because of race, creed, 
color, sex, or national origin. You must also require subcontractors to 
not discriminate;
    (f) Pay monitoring fees and rent described in Sec. 2805.16 of this 
subpart and subpart 2806 of this part;
    (g) If BLM requires, obtain, and/or certify that you have obtained, 
a surety bond or other acceptable security to cover any losses, damages, 
or injury to human health, the environment, and property in connection 
with your use and occupancy of the right-of-way, including terminating 
the grant, and to secure all obligations imposed by the grant and 
applicable laws and regulations. If you plan to use hazardous materials 
in the operation of your grant, you must provide a bond that covers 
liability for damages or injuries resulting from releases or discharges 
of hazardous materials. BLM may require a bond, an increase or decrease 
in the value of an existing bond, or other acceptable security at any 
time during the term of the grant;
    (h) Assume full liability if third parties are injured or damages 
occur to property on or near the right-of-way (see Sec. 2807.12 of this 
part);
    (i) Comply with project-specific terms, conditions, and 
stipulations, including requirements to:
    (1) Restore, revegetate, and curtail erosion or conduct any other 
rehabilitation measure BLM determines necessary;
    (2) Ensure that activities in connection with the grant comply with 
air and water quality standards or related facility siting standards 
contained in applicable Federal or state law or regulations;
    (3) Control or prevent damage to:
    (i) Scenic, aesthetic, cultural, and environmental values, including 
fish and wildlife habitat;
    (ii) Public and private property; and
    (iii) Public health and safety;
    (4) Protect the interests of individuals living in the general area 
who rely on the area for subsistence uses as that term is used in Title 
VIII of Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) (16 
U.S.C. 3111 et seq.);
    (5) Ensure that you construct, operate, maintain, and terminate the 
facilities on the lands in the right-of-way in a manner consistent with 
the grant;
    (6) When the state standards are more stringent than Federal 
standards, comply with state standards for public health and safety, 
environmental protection, and siting, constructing, operating, and 
maintaining any facilities

[[Page 246]]

and improvements on the right-of-way; and
    (7) Grant BLM an equivalent authorization for an access road across 
your land if BLM determines the reciprocal authorization is needed in 
the public interest and the authorization BLM issues to you is also for 
road access;
    (j) Immediately notify all Federal, state, tribal, and local 
agencies of any release or discharge of hazardous material reportable to 
such entity under applicable law. You must also notify BLM at the same 
time, and send BLM a copy of any written notification you prepared;
    (k) Not dispose of or store hazardous material on your right-of-way, 
except as provided by the terms, conditions, and stipulations of your 
grant;
    (l) Certify your compliance with all requirements of the Emergency 
Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986, 42 U.S.C. 11001 et 
seq., when you receive, assign, renew, amend, or terminate your grant;
    (m) Control and remove any release or discharge of hazardous 
material on or near the right-of-way arising in connection with your use 
and occupancy of the right-of-way, whether or not the release or 
discharge is authorized under the grant. You must also remediate and 
restore lands and resources affected by the release or discharge to 
BLM's satisfaction and to the satisfaction of any other Federal, state, 
tribal, or local agency having jurisdiction over the land, resource, or 
hazardous material;
    (n) Comply with all liability and indemnification provisions and 
stipulations in the grant;
    (o) As BLM directs, provide diagrams or maps showing the location of 
any constructed facility; and
    (p) Comply with all other stipulations that BLM may require.



Sec. 2805.13  When is a grant effective?

    A grant is effective after both you and BLM sign it. You must accept 
its terms and conditions in writing and pay any necessary rent and 
monitoring fees as set forth in subpart 2806 of this part and Sec. 
2805.16 of this subpart. Your written acceptance constitutes an 
agreement between you and BLM that your right to use the public lands, 
as specified in the grant, is subject to the terms and conditions of the 
grant and applicable laws and regulations.



Sec. 2805.14  What rights does a grant convey?

    The grant conveys to you only those rights which it expressly 
contains. BLM issues it subject to the valid existing rights of others, 
including the United States. Rights which the grant conveys to you 
include the right to:
    (a) Use the described lands to construct, operate, maintain, and 
terminate facilities within the right-of-way for authorized purposes 
under the terms and conditions of the grant;
    (b) If your grant specifically authorizes, allow other parties to 
use your facility for the purposes specified in your grant and you may 
charge for such use. If your grant does not specifically authorize it, 
you may not let anyone else use your facility and you may not charge for 
its use unless BLM authorizes or requires it in writing;
    (c) Allow others to use the land as your agent in the exercise of 
the rights that the grant specifies;
    (d) Do minor trimming, pruning, and removing of vegetation to 
maintain the right-of-way or facility;
    (e) Use common varieties of stone and soil which are necessarily 
removed during construction of the project, without additional BLM 
authorization or payment, in constructing the project within the 
authorized right-of-way; and
    (f) Assign the grant to another, provided that you obtain BLM's 
prior written approval.



Sec. 2805.15  What rights does the United States retain?

    The United States retains and may exercise any rights the grant does 
not expressly convey to you. These include BLM's right to:
    (a) Access the lands covered by the grant at any time and enter any 
facility you construct on the right-of-way. BLM will give you reasonable 
notice before it enters any facility on the right-of-way;
    (b) Require common use of your right-of-way, including subsurface 
and air space, and authorize use of the right-of-way for compatible 
uses. You

[[Page 247]]

may not charge for the use of the lands made subject to such additional 
right-of-way grants;
    (c) Retain ownership of the resources of the land, including timber 
and vegetative or mineral materials and any other living or non-living 
resources. You have no right to use these resources, except as noted in 
Sec. 2805.14(e) of this subpart;
    (d) Determine whether or not your grant is renewable; and
    (e) Change the terms and conditions of your grant as a result of 
changes in legislation, regulation, or as otherwise necessary to protect 
public health or safety or the environment.



Sec. 2805.16  If I hold a grant, what monitoring fees must I pay?

    (a) Monitoring fees. You must pay a fee to BLM for the reasonable 
costs the Federal government incurs in monitoring the construction, 
operation, maintenance, and termination of the project and protection 
and rehabilitation of the public lands your grant covers. BLM 
categorizes the monitoring fees based on the estimated number of work 
hours necessary to monitor your grant. Monitoring Category 1 through 4 
fees are one-time fees and are not refundable. The work hours and fees 
for 2005 are as follows:

                                          2005 Monitoring Fee Schedule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Monitoring fee as of June 21, 2005. To be
                                          Federal work hours      adjusted annually for changes in the IPD-GDP.
         Monitoring category                   involved           See paragraph (b) of this section for update
                                                                                   information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $97.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         1 <= 8.
(2) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $343.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         8 <= 24.
(3) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $644.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         24 <= 36.
(4) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   $923.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours  36
 amendments to existing grants.         <= 50.
(5) Master Agreements................  Varies.................  As specified in the Agreement.
(6) Applications for new grants,       Estimated Federal work   Full reasonable costs.
 assignments, renewals, and             hours are 
 amendments to existing grants.         50.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Updating the schedule. BLM will revise paragraph (a) of this 
section annually to update Category 1 through 4 monitoring fees in the 
manner described at Sec. 2804.14(c) of this part. BLM will update 
Category 5 monitoring fees as specified in the Master Agreement. The 
monitoring cost schedule is available from any BLM state or field office 
or by writing: Director, Bureau of Land Management, 1849 C St., NW., 
Mail Stop 1000LS, Washington, DC 20240. BLM also posts the current 
schedule on the BLM Homepage on the Internet at http://www.blm.gov.



Sec. 2805.17  When do I pay monitoring fees?

    (a) Monitoring Categories 1 through 4. Unless BLM otherwise directs, 
you must pay monitoring fees when you submit to BLM your written 
acceptance of the terms and conditions of the grant.
    (b) Monitoring Category 5. You must pay monitoring fees as specified 
in the Master Agreement. BLM will not issue your grant until it receives 
the required payment.
    (c) Monitoring Category 6. BLM may periodically estimate the costs 
of monitoring your use of the grant. BLM will include this fee in the 
costs associated with processing fees described at Sec. 2804.14 of this 
part. If BLM has underestimated the monitoring costs, we will notify you 
of the shortfall. If your payments exceed the reasonable costs that 
Federal employees incurred for monitoring, BLM will either reimburse you 
the difference, or adjust the next billing to reflect the overpayment. 
Unless BLM gives you written authorization, you may not offset or deduct 
the overpayment from your payments.
    (d) Monitoring Categories 1-4 and 6. If you disagree with the 
category BLM has determined for your grant, you

[[Page 248]]

may appeal the decision under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.



                           Subpart 2806_Rents

                           General Provisions



Sec. 2806.10  What rent must I pay for my grant?

    (a) You must pay in advance a rent BLM establishes based on sound 
business management principles and, as far as practical and feasible, 
using comparable commercial practices. Rent does not include processing 
or monitoring fees and rent is not offset by such fees. BLM may exempt, 
waive, or reduce rent for a grant under Sec. Sec. 2806.14 and 2806.15 
of this subpart.
    (b) If BLM issued your grant on or before October 21, 1976, under 
then existing statutory authority, upon request, BLM will conduct an 
informal hearing before a proposed rent increase becomes effective. This 
applies to rent increases due to a BLM-initiated change in the rent or 
from initially being put on a rent schedule. You are not entitled to a 
hearing on annual adjustments once you are on a rent schedule.



Sec. 2806.11  How will BLM charge me rent?

    (a) BLM will charge rent beginning on the first day of the month 
following the effective date of the grant through the last day of the 
month when the grant terminates. Example: If a grant became effective on 
January 10 and terminated on September 16, the rental period would be 
February 1 through September 30, or 8 months.
    (b) BLM will set or adjust the annual billing periods to coincide 
with the calendar year by prorating the rent based on 12 months.
    (c) If you disagree with the rent that BLM charges, you may appeal 
the decision under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.



Sec. 2806.12  When do I pay rent?

    (a) You must pay rent for the initial rental period before BLM 
issues you a grant.
    (b) You make all other rental payments for linear rights-of-way 
according to the payment plan described in Sec. 2806.23 of this 
subpart.
    (c) After the first rental payment, all rent is due on January 1 of 
the first year of each succeeding rental period for the term of your 
grant.



Sec. 2806.13  What happens if I pay the rent late?

    (a) If BLM does not receive the rent payment within 15 calendar days 
after the rent was due under Sec. 2806.12 of this subpart, BLM will 
charge you a late payment fee of $25.00 or 10 percent of the rent you 
owe, whichever is greater, not to exceed $500 per authorization.
    (b) If BLM does not receive your rent payment and late payment fee 
within 30 calendar days after rent was due, BLM may collect other 
administrative fees provided by statute.
    (c) If BLM does not receive your rent, late payment fee, and any 
administrative fees within 90 calendar days after the rent was due, BLM 
may terminate your grant under Sec. 2807.17 of this part and you may 
not remove any facility or equipment without BLM's written permission 
(see Sec. 2807.19 of this part). The rent due, late payment fees, and 
any administrative fees remain a debt that you owe to the United States.
    (d) If you pay the rent, late payment fee, and any administrative 
fees after BLM has terminated the grant, BLM does not automatically 
reinstate the grant. You must file a new application with BLM. BLM will 
consider the history of your failure to timely pay rent in deciding 
whether to issue you a new grant.
    (e) You may appeal any adverse decision BLM takes against your grant 
under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.



Sec. 2806.14  Under what circumstances am I exempt from paying rent?

    You do not have to pay rent for your use if:
    (a) BLM issues the grant under a statute which does not allow BLM to 
charge rent;
    (b) You are a Federal, state, or local government or its agent or 
instrumentality, unless you are:
    (1) Using the facility, system, space, or any part of the right-of-
way area for commercial purposes; or
    (2) A municipal utility or cooperative whose principal source of 
revenue is customer charges;

[[Page 249]]

    (c) You have been granted an exemption under a statute providing for 
such; or
    (d) Electric or telephone facilities constructed on the right-of-way 
were financed in whole or in part, or eligible for financing, under the 
Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as amended (REA) (7 U.S.C. 901 et 
seq.), or are extensions of such facilities. You do not need to have 
sought financing from the Rural Utilities Service to qualify for this 
exemption. BLM may require you to document the facility's eligibility 
for REA financing. For communication site facilities, adding or 
including non-eligible facilities as, for example, by tenants or 
customers, on the right-of-way will subject the holder to rent in 
accordance with Sec. Sec. 2806.30 through 2806.44 of this subpart.



Sec. 2806.15  Under what circumstances may BLM waive or reduce my rent?

    (a) BLM may waive or reduce your rent payment, even to zero in 
appropriate circumstances. BLM may require you to submit information to 
support a finding that your grant qualifies for a waiver or a reduction 
of rent.
    (b) BLM may waive or reduce your rent if you show BLM that:
    (1) You are a non-profit organization, corporation, or association 
which is not controlled by, or is not a subsidiary of, a profit making 
corporation or business enterprise and the facility or project will 
provide a benefit or special service to the general public or to a 
program of the Secretary;
    (2) You provide without charge, or at reduced rates, a valuable 
benefit to the public at large or to the programs of the Secretary of 
the Interior;
    (3) You hold a valid Federal authorization in connection with your 
grant and the United States is already receiving compensation for this 
authorization. This paragraph does not apply to oil and gas leases 
issued under part 3100 of this chapter; or
    (4) Your grant involves a cost share road or a reciprocal right-of-
way agreement not subject to subpart 2812 of this chapter. In these 
cases, BLM will determine the rent based on the proportion of use.
    (c) The BLM State Director may waive or reduce your rent payment if 
the BLM State Director determines that paying the full rent will cause 
you undue hardship and it is in the public interest to waive or reduce 
your rent. In your request for a waiver or rental reduction you must 
include a suggested alternative rental payment plan or timeframe within 
which you anticipate resuming full rental payments. BLM may also require 
you to submit specific financial and technical data or other information 
that corrects or modifies the statement of financial capability required 
by Sec. 2804.12(a)(5) of this part.



Sec. 2806.16  When must I make estimated rent payments to BLM?

    To expedite the processing of your grant application, BLM may 
estimate rent payments and collect that amount before it issues the 
grant. The amount may change once BLM determines the actual rent of the 
right-of-way. BLM will credit any rental overpayment, and you are liable 
for any underpayment. This section does not apply to rent payments made 
under a rent schedule in this part.

                          Linear Rights-of-Way



Sec. 2806.20  What is the rent for a linear right-of-way?

    (a) Except as noted in paragraph (c) of this section, BLM will use 
the Per Acre Rent Schedule found at paragraph (b) of this section to 
calculate rent for linear rights-of-way. The Per Acre Rent Schedule is 
updated annually in accordance with Sec. 2806.21 of this subpart.
    (b) The Per Acre Rent Schedule for calendar year 2005 is as follows:

[[Page 250]]



                                           2005 Per Acre Rent Schedule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            Per acre rent for
                                                                 Per acre rent for oil    electric transmission
                                                                   and gas and other      and distributionlines,
                                                                     energy related       telephone lines, non-
                                                                   pipeline, and all      related pipelines, and
          County zone number and per acre zone price              roads, ditches, and    other linear rights-of-
                                                                 canals. To be adjusted    way. To be adjusted
                                                                annually for changes in  annually for changes in
                                                                 the IPD-GDP. See Sec. the IPD-GDP. See Sec.
                                                                   2806.21 for update       2806.21 for update
                                                                      information              information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1 $50....................................................                    $3.89                    $3.40
Zone 2 $100...................................................                     7.76                     6.79
Zone 3 $200...................................................                    15.58                    13.61
Zone 4 $300...................................................                    23.31                    20.43
Zone 5 $400...................................................                    31.14                    27.23
Zone 6 $500...................................................                    38.89                    34.03
Zone 7 $600...................................................                    46.66                    40.86
Zone 8 $1,000.................................................                    77.78                    68.05
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) BLM may use an alternate means to compute your rent if the rent 
determined by comparable commercial practices or an appraisal would be 
10 or more times the rent from the schedule.
    (d) Once you are on a rent schedule, BLM will not remove you from it 
unless:
    (1) The BLM State Director decides to remove you from the schedule 
under paragraph (c) of this section; or
    (2) You file an application to amend your grant.
    (e) You may obtain the current linear right-of-way rent schedule 
from any BLM state or field office or by writing: Director, BLM, 1849 C 
St., NW., Mail Stop 1000 LS, Washington, DC 20240. BLM also posts the 
most current rent schedule on the BLM Homepage on the Internet at http:/
/www.blm.gov.



Sec. 2806.21  When and how does the linear rent schedule change?

    BLM will revise Sec. 2806.20(b) to update the rent schedule each 
calendar year based on the previous year's change in the IPD-GDP, as 
measured second quarter to second quarter.



Sec. 2806.22  How will BLM calculate my rent for linear rights-of-way the schedule covers?

    (a) BLM calculates your rent by multiplying the rent per acre for 
the appropriate category of use and county zone price from the current 
schedule by the number of acres in the right-of-way area that fall in 
those categories and multiplying the result by the number of years in 
the rental period.
    (b) If BLM has not previously used the rent schedule to calculate 
your rent, we may do so after giving you reasonable written notice.



Sec. 2806.23  How must I make rental payments for a linear grant?

    (a) For linear grants, except those issued in perpetuity, you must 
make either nonrefundable annual payments or a nonrefundable payment for 
more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) One-time payments. You may pay in advance the required rent 
amount for the entire term of the grant.
    (2) If you choose not to make a one-time payment, you must pay 
according to one of the following methods, as applicable:
    (i) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals not to exceed the term of the grant. 
If your annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 
multi-year intervals that you may choose.
    (ii) Payments by all others. You must pay rent at 10-year intervals 
not to exceed the term of the grant.
    (b) BLM considers the first partial calendar year in the rent 
payment period to be the first year of the rental payment term. BLM 
prorates the first year rental amount based on the number of months left 
in the calendar year after the effective date of the grant.
    (c) Perpetual grants. For linear grants issued in perpetuity, you 
must make a one-time rental payment before BLM will issue the grant, 
except individuals may choose to make rental payments

[[Page 251]]

as provided in paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section. BLM determines the 
one-time payment as follows:
    (1) BLM will calculate rent for grants issued in perpetuity by 
multiplying the annual rent by 100; or
    (2) You may request from BLM a rent determination based on the 
prevailing price established by general practice in the vicinity of the 
right-of-way. You must:
    (i) Prepare a report, at your expense, that explains how you 
estimated the rent;
    (ii) Complete it to Federal appraisal standards; and
    (iii) Submit it for consideration and approval by the BLM State 
Director with jurisdiction over the lands in the grant. If the BLM State 
Director does not approve the rent estimated in your report, you may 
appeal the decision under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.

                    Communication Site Rights-of-Way



Sec. 2806.30  What are the rents for communication site rights-of-way?

    (a) Rent schedule. (1) BLM uses the rent schedule for communication 
uses found in paragraph (b) of this section to calculate the rent for 
communication site rights-of-way. The schedule is based on nine 
population strata (the population served), as depicted in the most 
recent version of the Ranally Metro Area Population Ranking, and the 
type of communication use or uses for which BLM normally grants 
communication site rights-of-way. These uses are listed as part of the 
definition of ``communication use rent schedule,'' set out at Sec. 
2801.5(b) of this part. You may obtain a copy of the current schedule 
from any BLM state or field office or by writing: Director, BLM, 1849 C 
St., NW., Mail Stop 1000 LS, Washington, DC 20240. BLM also posts the 
current communication use rent schedule on the BLM Home Page on the 
Internet at http://www.blm.gov.
    (2) BLM will revise paragraph (b) of this section annually to update 
the schedule based on two sources: the U.S. Department of Labor Consumer 
Price Index for All Urban Consumers, U.S. City Average (CPI-U), as of 
July of each year (difference in CPI-U from July of one year to July of 
the following year), and the RMA population rankings.
    (3) BLM will limit the annual adjustment based on the Consumer Price 
Index to no more than 5 percent. At least every 10 years BLM will review 
the rent schedule to ensure that the schedule reflects fair market 
value.
    (b) The annual rent schedule for communication uses for calendar 
year 2005 is as follows:

[[Page 252]]



                                                       Communication Use Rent Schedule Annual Fees
                                                                  [Calendar year 2005]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                   Private
                                    Television  Am/FM radio     Cable      Broadcast      CMRS/       Cellular      mobile                     Other
            Population              broadcast    broadcast    television  translator/    facility    telephone      radio      Microwave   communication
                                                    \1\                    LPTV/LPFM     manager                   service                      uses
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5,000,000 plus...................   $55,861.13   $42,206.21          (2)          (2)   $14,896.30   $14,896.30   $12,413.59   $12,413.59        $93.10
2,500,000 to 4,999,999...........    37,240.76    26,068.54          (2)          (2)    12,413.59    12,413.59     7,448.15     9,930.88         93.10
1,000,000 to 2,499,999...........    22,344.46    17,379.01          (2)          (2)     9,930.88     9,930.88     7,448.15     8,689.51         93.10
500,000 to 999,999...............    17,379.01    12,413.59          (2)          (2)     6,206.79     7,448.15     4,965.43     6,827.47         93.10
300,000 to 499,999...............    14,896.30     9,930.88          (2)          (2)     4,965.43     6,206.79     3,103.39     3,103.39         93.10
100,000 to 299,999...............     7,448.15     4,965.43     2,979.25     2,979.25     3,724.08     4,965.43     2,482.72     2,482.72         93.10
50,000 to 99,999.................     3,724.08     2,482.72     1,489.63     1,489.63     1,489.63     3,724.08     1,241.36     1,862.03         93.10
25,000 to 49,999.................     1,862.03     1,489.63     1,241.36       620.68     1,241.36     3,103.39       744.81     1,862.03         93.10
Less Than 25,000.................     1,489.63     1,117.22       744.81       124.14       744.81     3,103.39       434.47     1,862.03        93.10
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Rent for AM Radio is 70% of the FM Scheduled Rent.
\2\ Fee to be determined by appraisal or other methods.


[[Page 253]]

    (c) Uses not covered by the schedule. The communication use rent 
schedule does not apply to:
    (1) Communication site uses, facilities, and devices located 
entirely within the exterior boundaries of an oil and gas lease, and 
directly supporting the operations of the oil and gas lease (see parts 
3160 through 3190 of this chapter);
    (2) Communication facilities and uses ancillary to and authorized 
under a linear grant, such as a railroad grant or an oil and gas 
pipeline grant;
    (3) Communication uses not listed on the schedule, such as telephone 
lines, fiber optic cables, and new technologies;
    (4) Grants for which BLM determines the rent by competitive bidding; 
or
    (5) Communication facilities and uses for which the BLM State 
Director concurs that:
    (i) The expected annual rent, as BLM estimates from market data, 
exceeds the rent from the rent schedule by five times; or
    (ii) The communication site serves a population of one million or 
more and the expected annual rent for the communication use or uses is 
more than $10,000 above the rent from the rent schedule.



Sec. 2806.31  How will BLM calculate rent for a right-of-way for
communication uses in the schedule?

    (a) Basic rule. BLM calculates rents for:
    (1) Single-use facilities by applying the rent from the 
communication use rent schedule (see Sec. 2806.30 of this subpart) for 
the type of use and the population strata served; and
    (2) Multiple-use facilities, whose authorizations provide for 
subleasing, by setting the rent of the highest value use in the facility 
or facilities as the base rent (taken from the rent schedule) and adding 
to it 25 percent of the rent from the rent schedule for all tenant uses 
in the facility or facilities, if a tenant use is not used as the base 
rent (rent = base rent + 25 percent of all rent due to additional tenant 
uses in the facility or facilities) (see also Sec. Sec. 2806.32 and 
2806.34 of this subpart).
    (b) Exclusions. When calculating rent, BLM will exclude customer 
uses, except as provided for at Sec. Sec. 2806.34(b)(4) and 2806.42 of 
this subpart. BLM will also exclude those uses exempted from rent by 
Sec. 2806.14 of this subpart, and any uses whose rent has been waived 
or reduced to zero as described in Sec. 2806.15 of this subpart.
    (c) Annual statement. By October 15 of each year, you, as a grant or 
lease holder, must submit to BLM a certified statement listing any 
tenants and customers in your facility or facilities and the category of 
use for each tenant or customer as of September 30 of the same year. BLM 
may require you to submit any additional information needed to calculate 
your rent. BLM will determine the rent based on the certified statement 
provided. We require only facility owners or facility managers to hold a 
grant or lease (unless you are an occupant in a federally-owned facility 
as described in Sec. 2806.42 of this subpart), and will charge you rent 
for your grant or lease based on the total number of communication uses 
within the right-of-way and the type of uses and population strata the 
facility or site serves.



Sec. 2806.32  How does BLM determine the population strata served?

    (a) BLM determines the population strata served as follows:
    (1) If the site or facility is within a designated RMA, BLM will use 
the population strata of the RMA;
    (2) If the site or facility is within a designated RMA, and it 
serves two or more RMAs, BLM will use the population strata of the RMA 
having the greatest population;
    (3) If the site or facility is outside an RMA, and it serves one or 
more RMAs, BLM will use the population strata of the RMA served having 
the greatest population;
    (4) If the site or facility is outside an RMA and the site does not 
serve an RMA, BLM will use the population strata of the community it 
serves having the greatest population, as identified in the current 
edition of the Rand McNally Road Atlas;
    (5) If the site or facility is outside an RMA, and it serves a 
community of less than 25,000, BLM will use the lowest population strata 
shown on the rent schedule.

[[Page 254]]

    (b)(1) BLM considers all facilities (and all uses within the same 
facility) located at one site to serve the same RMA or community. 
However, BLM may make case-by-case exceptions in determining the 
population served at a particular site by uses not located within the 
same facility and not authorized under the same grant or lease. BLM has 
the sole responsibility to make this determination. For example, when a 
site has a mix of high-power and low-power uses that are authorized by 
separate grants or leases, and only the high-power uses are capable of 
serving an RMA or community with the greatest population, BLM may 
separately determine the population strata served by the low-power uses 
(if not collocated in the same facility with the high-power uses), and 
calculate their rent as described in Sec. 2806.30 of this subpart.
    (2) For purposes of rent calculation, all uses within the same 
facility and/or authorized under the same grant or lease must serve the 
same population strata.
    (3) For purposes of rent calculation, BLM will not modify the 
population rankings published in the Rand McNally Commercial Atlas and 
Marketing Guide or the population of the community served.



Sec. 2806.33  How will BLM calculate the rent for a grant or lease authorizing
a single use communication facility?

    BLM calculates the rent for a grant or lease authorizing a single-
use communication facility from the communication use rent schedule (see 
Sec. 2806.30 of this subpart), based on your authorized single use and 
the population strata it serves (see Sec. 2806.32 of this subpart).



Sec. 2806.34  How will BLM calculate the rent for a grant or lease authorizing 
a multiple-use communication facility?

    (a) Basic rule. BLM first determines the population strata the 
communication facility serves according to Sec. 2806.32 of this subpart 
and then calculates the rent assessed to facility owners and facility 
managers for a grant or lease for a communication facility that 
authorizes subleasing with tenants, customers, or both, as follows:
    (1) Using the communication use rent schedule. BLM will determine 
the rent of the highest value use in the facility or facilities as the 
base rent, and add to it 25 percent of the rent from the rent schedule 
(see Sec. 2806.30 of this subpart) for each tenant use in the facility 
or facilities;
    (2) If the highest value use is not the use of the facility owner or 
facility manager, BLM will consider the owner's or manager's use like 
any tenant or customer use in calculating the rent (see Sec. 2806.35(b) 
for facility owners and Sec. 2806.39(a) for facility managers);
    (3) If a tenant use is the highest value use, BLM will exclude the 
rent for that tenant's use when calculating the additional 25 percent 
amount under paragraph (a)(1) of this section for tenant uses;
    (4) If a holder has multiple uses authorized under the same grant or 
lease, such as a TV and a FM radio station, BLM will calculate the rent 
as in paragraph (a)(1) of this section. In this case, the TV rent would 
be the highest value use and BLM would charge the FM portion according 
to the rent schedule as if it were a tenant use.
    (b) Special applications. The following provisions apply when 
calculating rents for communication uses exempted from rent under Sec. 
2806.14 of this subpart or communication uses whose rent has been waived 
or reduced to zero under Sec. 2806.15 of this subpart:
    (1) BLM will exclude exempted uses or uses whose rent has been 
waived or reduced to zero (see Sec. Sec. 2806.14 and 2806.15 of this 
subpart) of either a facility owner or a facility manager in calculating 
rents. BLM will exclude similar uses (see Sec. Sec. 2806.14 and 2806.15 
of this subpart) of a customer or tenant if they choose to hold their 
own grant or lease (see Sec. 2806.36 of this subpart) or are occupants 
in a Federal facility (see Sec. 2806.42(a) of this subpart);
    (2) BLM will charge rent to a facility owner whose own use is either 
exempted from rent or whose rent has been waived or reduced to zero (see 
Sec. Sec. 2806.14 and 2806.15 of this subpart), but who has tenants in 
the facility, in an amount equal to the rent of the highest value tenant 
use plus 25 percent of the

[[Page 255]]

rent from the rent schedule for each of the remaining tenant uses 
subject to rent;
    (3) BLM will not charge rent to a facility owner, facility manager, 
or tenant (when holding a grant or lease) when all of the following 
occur:
    (i) BLM exempts from rent, waives, or reduces to zero the rent for 
the holder's use (see Sec. Sec. 2806.14 and 2806.15 of this subpart);
    (ii) Rent from all other uses in the facility is exempted, waived, 
or reduced to zero, or BLM considers such uses as customer uses; and
    (iii) The holder is not operating the facility for commercial 
purposes (see Sec. 2801.5(b) of this part) with respect to such other 
uses in the facility; and
    (4) If a holder, whose own use is exempted from rent or whose rent 
has been waived or reduced to zero, is conducting a commercial activity 
with customers or tenants whose uses are also exempted from rent or 
whose rent has been waived or reduced to zero (see Sec. Sec. 2806.14 
and 2806.15 of this subpart), BLM will charge rent, notwithstanding 
section 2806.31(b), based on the highest value use within the facility. 
This paragraph does not apply to facilities exempt from rent under Sec. 
2806.14(d) of this subpart except when the facility also includes non-
eligible facilities.



Sec. 2806.35  How will BLM calculate rent for private mobile radio service 
(PMRS), internal microwave, and ``other'' category uses?

    If an entity engaged in a PMRS, internal microwave, or ``other'' use 
is:
    (a) Using space in a facility owned by either a facility owner or 
facility manager, BLM will consider the entity to be a customer and not 
include these uses in the rent calculation for the facility; or
    (b) The facility owner, BLM will follow the provisions in Sec. 
2806.31 of this subpart to calculate rent for a lease involving these 
uses. However, we include the rent from the rent schedule for a PMRS, 
internal microwave, or other use in the rental calculation only if the 
value of that use is equal to or greater than the value of any other use 
in the facility. BLM excludes these uses in the 25 percent calculation 
(see Sec. 2806.31(a) of this subpart) when their value does not exceed 
the highest value in the facility.



Sec. 2806.36  If I am a tenant or customer in a facility, must I have my own
grant or lease and if so, how will this affect my rent?

    (a) You may have your own authorization, but BLM does not require a 
separate grant or lease for tenants and customers using a facility 
authorized by a BLM grant or lease that contains a subleasing provision. 
BLM charges the facility owner or facility manager rent based on the 
highest value use within the facility (including any tenant or customer 
use authorized by a separate grant or lease) and 25 percent of the rent 
from the rent schedule for each of the other uses subject to rent 
(including any tenant or customer use a separate grant or lease 
authorizes and the facility owner's use if it is not the highest value 
use).
    (b) If you own a building, equipment shelter, or tower on public 
lands for communication purposes, you must have an authorization under 
this part, even if you are also a tenant or customer in someone else's 
facility.
    (c) BLM will charge tenants and customers who hold their own grant 
or lease in a facility, as grant or lease holders, the full annual rent 
for their use based on the BLM communication use rent schedule. BLM will 
also include such tenant or customer use in calculating the rent the 
facility owner or facility manager must pay.



Sec. 2806.37  How will BLM calculate rent for a grant or lease involving an entity 
with a single use (holder or tenant) having equipment or occupying space in 

          multiple BLM-authorized facilities to support that single use?

    BLM will include the single use in calculating rent for each grant 
or lease authorizing that use. For example, a television station locates 
its antenna on a tower authorized by grant or lease ``A'' and locates 
its related broadcast equipment in a building authorized by grant or 
lease ``B.'' The statement listing tenants and customers for each 
facility (see Sec. 2806.31(c) of this subpart) must include the 
television use because

[[Page 256]]

each facility is benefitting economically from having the television 
broadcast equipment located there, even though the combined equipment is 
supporting only one single end use.



Sec. 2806.38  Can I combine multiple grants or leases for facilities located
on one site into a single grant or lease?

    If you hold authorizations for two or more facilities on the same 
site, you can combine all those uses under one grant or lease, with 
BLM's approval. The highest value use in all the combined facilities 
determines the base rent. BLM then charges for each remaining use in the 
combined facilities at 25 percent of the rent from the rent schedule. 
These uses include those uses we previously calculated as base rents 
when BLM authorized each of the facilities on an individual basis.



Sec. 2806.39  How will BLM calculate rent for a lease for a facility manager's use?

    (a) BLM will follow the provisions in Sec. 2806.31 of this subpart 
to calculate rent for a lease involving a facility manager's use. 
However, we include the rent from the rent schedule for a facility 
manager's use in the rental calculation only if the value of that use is 
equal to or greater than the value of any other use in the facility. BLM 
excludes the facility manager's use in the 25 percent calculation (see 
Sec. 2806.31(a) of this subpart) when its value does not exceed the 
highest value in the facility.
    (b) If you are a facility owner and you terminate your use within 
the facility, but want to retain the lease for other purposes, BLM will 
continue to charge you for your authorized use until BLM amends the 
lease to change your use to facility manager or to some other 
communication use.



Sec. 2806.40  How will BLM calculate rent for a grant or lease for ancillary
communication uses associated with communication uses on the rent schedule?

    If the ancillary communication equipment is used solely in direct 
support of the primary use (see the definition of communication use rent 
schedule in Sec. 2801.5 of this part), BLM will calculate and charge 
rent only for the primary use.



Sec. 2806.41  How will BLM calculate rent for communication facilities ancillary
to a linear grant or other use authorization?

    When a communication facility is ancillary to, and authorized by BLM 
under, a grant for a linear use, or some other type of use authorization 
(e.g., a mineral lease or sundry notice), BLM will determine the rent 
using the linear rent schedule (see Sec. 2806.20 of this subpart) or 
rent scheme associated with the other authorization, and not the 
communication use rent schedule.



Sec. 2806.42  How will BLM calculate rent for a grant or lease authorizing a 
communication use within a federally-owned communication facility?

    (a) If you are an occupant of a federally-owned communication 
facility, you must have your own grant or lease and pay rent in 
accordance with these regulations.
    (b) If a Federal agency holds a grant or lease and agrees to operate 
the facility as a facility owner under Sec. 2806.31 of this subpart, 
occupants do not need a separate BLM grant or lease and BLM will 
calculate and charge rent to the Federal facility owner under Sec. Sec. 
2806.30 through 2806.44 of this subpart.



Sec. 2806.43  How does BLM calculate rent for passive reflectors and
local exchange networks?

    (a) BLM calculates rent for passive reflectors and local exchange 
networks by using the same rent schedules for passive reflectors and 
local exchange networks as the Forest Service uses for the region in 
which the facilities are located. You may obtain the pertinent schedules 
from the Forest Service or from any BLM state or field office in the 
region in question. For passive reflectors and local exchange networks 
not covered by a Forest Service regional schedule, BLM uses the 
provisions in Sec. 2806.50 of this subpart to determine rent. See 
Forest Service regulations at 36 CFR chapter II.
    (b) For the purposes of this subpart, the term:
    (1) Passive reflector includes various types of nonpowered reflector 
devices

[[Page 257]]

used to bend or ricochet electronic signals between active relay 
stations or between an active relay station and a terminal. A passive 
reflector commonly serves a microwave communication system. The 
reflector requires point-to-point line-of-sight with the connecting 
relay stations, but does not require electric power; and
    (2) Local exchange network means radio service which provides basic 
telephone service, primarily to rural communities.



Sec. 2806.44  How will BLM calculate rent for a facility owner's or facility
manager's grant or lease which authorizes communication uses subject to the 

          communication use rent schedule and communication uses whose 
          rent BLM determines by other means?

    (a) BLM establishes the rent for each of the uses in the facility 
that are not covered by the communication use rent schedule using Sec. 
2806.50 of this subpart.
    (b) BLM establishes the rent for each of the uses in the facility 
that are covered by the rent schedule using Sec. Sec. 2806.30 and 
2806.31 of this subpart.
    (c) BLM determines the facility owner or facility manager's rent by 
identifying the highest rent in the facility of those established under 
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, and adding to it 25 percent of 
the rent of all other uses subject to rent.

                           Other Rights-of-Way



Sec. 2806.50  How will BLM determine the rent for a grant when neither the
linear rent schedule at Sec. 2806.20 nor the communication use rent schedule at 

          Sec. 2806.30 applies?

    When neither the linear nor the communication use rent schedule is 
appropriate, BLM determines your rent through a process based on 
comparable commercial practices, appraisals, competitive bid, or other 
reasonable methods. BLM will notify you in writing of the rent 
determination. If you disagree with the rent determination, you may 
appeal BLM's final determination under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.



             Subpart 2807_Grant Administration and Operation



Sec. 2807.10  When can I start activities under my grant?

    When you can start depends on the terms of your grant. You can start 
activities when you receive the grant you and BLM signed, unless the 
grant includes a requirement for BLM to provide a written Notice to 
Proceed. If your grant contains a Notice to Proceed requirement, you may 
not initiate construction, operation, maintenance, or termination until 
BLM issues you a Notice to Proceed.



Sec. 2807.11  When must I contact BLM during operations?

    You must contact BLM:
    (a) At the times specified in your grant;
    (b) When your use requires a substantial deviation from the grant. 
You must obtain BLM's approval before you begin any activity that is a 
substantial deviation;
    (c) When there is a change affecting your application or grant, 
including, but not limited to, changes in:
    (1) Mailing address;
    (2) Partners;
    (3) Financial conditions; or
    (4) Business or corporate status;
    (d) When you submit a certification of construction, if the terms of 
your grant require it. A certification of construction is a document you 
submit to BLM after you have finished constructing a facility, but 
before you begin operating it, verifying that you have constructed and 
tested the facility to ensure that it complies with the terms of the 
grant and with applicable Federal and state laws and regulations; or
    (e) When BLM requests it. You must update information or confirm 
that information you submitted before is accurate.



Sec. 2807.12  If I hold a grant, for what am I liable?

    (a) If you hold a grant, you are liable to the United States and to 
third parties for any damage or injury they incur in connection with 
your use and occupancy of the right-of-way.

[[Page 258]]

    (b) You are strictly liable for any activity or facility associated 
with your right-of-way area which BLM determines presents a foreseeable 
hazard or risk of damage or injury to the United States. BLM will 
specify in the grant any activity or facility posing such hazard or 
risk, and the financial limitations on damages commensurate with such 
hazard or risk.
    (1) BLM will not impose strict liability for damage or injury 
resulting primarily from an act of war, an act of God, or the negligence 
of the United States, except as otherwise provided by law.
    (2) As used in this section, strict liability extends to costs 
incurred by the Federal government to control or abate conditions, such 
as fire or oil spills, which threaten life, property, or the 
environment, even if the threat occurs to areas that are not under 
Federal jurisdiction. This liability is separate and apart from 
liability under other provisions of law.
    (3) You are strictly liable to the United States for damage or 
injury up to $2 million for any one incident. BLM will update this 
amount annually to adjust for changes in the Consumer Price Index for 
All Urban Consumers, U.S. City Average (CPI-U) as of July of each year 
(difference in CPI-U from July of one year to July of the following 
year), rounded to the nearest $1,000. This financial limitation does not 
apply to the release or discharge of hazardous substances on or near the 
grant, or where liability is otherwise not subject to this financial 
limitation under applicable law.
    (4) BLM will determine your liability for any amount in excess of 
the $2 million strict liability limitation (as adjusted) through the 
ordinary rules of negligence.
    (5) The rules of subrogation apply in cases where a third party 
caused the damage or injury.
    (c) If you cannot satisfy claims for injury or damage, all owners of 
any interests in, and all affiliates or subsidiaries of any holder of, a 
grant, except for corporate stockholders, are jointly and severally 
liable to the United States.
    (d) If BLM issues a grant to more than one person, each is jointly 
and severally liable.
    (e) By accepting the grant, you agree to fully indemnify or hold the 
United States harmless for liability, damage, or claims arising in 
connection with your use and occupancy of the right-of-way area.
    (f) We address liability of state, tribal, and local governments in 
Sec. 2807.13 of this subpart.
    (g) The provisions of this section do not limit or exclude other 
remedies.



Sec. 2807.13  As grant holders, what liabilities do state, tribal, 
and local governments have?

    (a) If you are a state, tribal, or local government or its agency or 
instrumentality, you are liable to the fullest extent law allows at the 
time that BLM issues your grant. If you do not have the legal power to 
assume full liability, you must repair damages or make restitution to 
the fullest extent of your powers.
    (b) BLM may require you to provide a bond, insurance, or other 
acceptable security to:
    (1) Protect the liability exposure of the United States to claims by 
third parties arising out of your use and occupancy of the right-of-way;
    (2) Cover any losses, damages, or injury to human health, the 
environment, and property incurred in connection with your use and 
occupancy of the right-of-way; and
    (3) Cover any damages or injuries resulting from the release or 
discharge of hazardous materials incurred in connection with your use 
and occupancy of the right-of-way.
    (c) Based on your record of compliance and changes in risk and 
conditions, BLM may require you to increase or decrease the amount of 
your bond, insurance, or security.
    (d) The provisions of this section do not limit or exclude other 
remedies.



Sec. 2807.14  How will BLM notify me if someone else wants a grant for 
land subject to my grant or near or adjacent to it?

    BLM will notify you in writing when it receives a grant application 
for land subject to your grant or near or adjacent to it. BLM will 
consider your

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written recommendations as to how the proposed use affects the integrity 
of, or your ability to operate, your facilities. The notice will contain 
a time period within which you must respond. The notice may also notify 
you of additional opportunities to comment.



Sec. 2807.15  How is grant administration affected if the land my grant encumbers 
is transferred to another Federal agency or out of Federal ownership?

    (a) If there is a proposal to transfer the land your grant encumbers 
to another Federal agency, BLM may, after reasonable notice to you, 
transfer administration of your grant for the lands BLM formerly 
administered to another Federal agency, unless doing so would diminish 
your rights. If BLM determines your rights would be diminished by such a 
transfer, BLM can still transfer the land, but retain administration of 
your grant under existing terms and conditions.
    (b) If there is a proposal to transfer the land your grant encumbers 
out of Federal ownership, BLM may, after reasonable notice to you and in 
conformance with existing policies and procedures:
    (1) Transfer the land subject to your grant. In this case, 
administration of your grant for the lands BLM formerly administered is 
transferred to the new owner of the land;
    (2) Transfer the land, but BLM retains administration of your grant; 
or
    (3) Reserve to the United States the land your grant encumbers, and 
BLM retains administration of your grant.
    (c) BLM or, if BLM no longer administers the land, the new land 
owner may negotiate new grant terms and conditions with you. This may 
include increasing the term of your grant, should you request it, to a 
perpetual grant under Sec. 2806.23(c) of this part or providing for an 
easement.



Sec. 2807.16  Under what conditions may BLM order an immediate 
temporary suspension of my activities?

    (a) If BLM determines that you have violated one or more of the 
terms, conditions, or stipulations of your grant, we can order an 
immediate temporary suspension of activities within the right-of-way 
area to protect public health or safety or the environment. BLM can 
require you to stop your activities before holding an administrative 
proceeding on the matter.
    (b) BLM may issue the immediate temporary suspension order orally or 
in writing to you, your contractor or subcontractor, or to any 
representative, agent, or employee representing you or conducting the 
activity. When you receive the order, you must stop the activity 
immediately. BLM will, as soon as practical, confirm an oral order by 
sending or hand delivering to you or your agent at your address a 
written suspension order explaining the reasons for it.
    (c) You may file a written request for permission to resume 
activities at any time after BLM issues the order. In the request, give 
the facts supporting your request and the reasons you believe that BLM 
should lift the order. BLM must grant or deny your request within 5 
business days after receiving it. If BLM does not respond within 5 
business days, BLM has denied your request. You may appeal the denial 
under Sec. 2801.10 of this part.
    (d) The immediate temporary suspension order is effective until you 
receive BLM's written notice to proceed with your activities.



Sec. 2807.17  Under what conditions may BLM suspend or terminate my grant?

    (a) BLM may suspend or terminate your grant if you do not comply 
with applicable laws and regulations or any terms, conditions, or 
stipulations of the grant (such as rent payments), or if you abandon the 
right-of-way.
    (b) A grant also terminates when:
    (1) The grant contains a term or condition that has been met that 
requires the grant to terminate;
    (2) BLM consents in writing to your request to terminate the grant; 
or
    (3) It is required by law to terminate.
    (c) Your failure to use your right-of-way for its authorized purpose 
for any continuous 5-year period creates a presumption of abandonment. 
BLM will notify you in writing of this presumption. You may rebut the 
presumption of abandonment by proving that you used the right-of-way or 
that your failure to use the right-of-way was due to

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circumstances beyond your control, such as acts of God, war, or 
casualties not attributable to you.
    (d) You may appeal a decision under this section under Sec. 2801.10 
of this part.



Sec. 2807.18  How will I know that BLM intends to suspend or 
terminate my grant?

    (a) Before BLM suspends or terminates your grant under Sec. 
2807.17(a) of this subpart, it will send you a written notice stating 
that it intends to suspend or terminate your grant and giving the 
grounds for such action. The notice will give you a reasonable 
opportunity to correct any noncompliance or start or resume use of the 
right-of-way, as appropriate.
    (b) To suspend or terminate a grant issued as an easement, BLM must 
give you written notice and refer the matter to the Office of Hearings 
and Appeals for a hearing before an ALJ under 5 U.S.C. 554. No hearing 
is required if the grant provided by its terms for termination on the 
occurrence of a fixed or agreed upon condition, event, or time. If the 
ALJ determines that grounds for suspension or termination exist and such 
action is justified, BLM will suspend or terminate the grant.



Sec. 2807.19  When my grant terminates, what happens to any facilities on it?

    (a) After your grant terminates, you must remove any facilities 
within the right-of-way within a reasonable time, as determined by BLM, 
unless BLM instructs you otherwise in writing, or termination is due to 
non-payment of rent (see Sec. 2806.13(c) of this part).
    (b) After removing the facilities, you must remediate and restore 
the right-of-way area to a condition satisfactory to BLM, including the 
removal and clean up of any hazardous materials.
    (c) If you do not remove all facili