[Title 40 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - July 1, 2011 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



[[Page i]]

          

          40


          Parts 400 to 424

          Revised as of July 1, 2009


          Protection of Environment
          



________________________

          Containing a codification of documents of general 
          applicability and future effect

          As of July 1, 2009
          With Ancillaries
                    Published by
                    Office of the Federal Register
                    National Archives and Records
                    Administration
                    A Special Edition of the Federal Register

[[Page ii]]

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                            Table of Contents



                                                                    Page
  Explanation.................................................       v

  Title 40:
          Chapter I--Environmental Protection Agency 
          (Continued)                                                3
  Finding Aids:
      Table of CFR Titles and Chapters........................     669
      Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR......     689
      List of CFR Sections Affected...........................     699

[[Page iv]]





                     ----------------------------

                     Cite this Code: CFR
                     To cite the regulations in 
                       this volume use title, 
                       part and section number. 
                       Thus, 40 CFR 401.10 refers 
                       to title 40, part 401, 
                       section 10.

                     ----------------------------

[[Page v]]



                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
revision date (in this case, July 1, 2009), consult the ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
List of Parts Affected,'' which appears in the Reader Aids section of 
the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

    Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal 
Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source 
citations for the regulations are referred to by volume number and page 
number of the Federal Register and date of publication. Publication 
dates and effective dates are usually not the same and care must be 
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inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

[[Page vi]]

Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

OBSOLETE PROVISIONS

    Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on 
the cover of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text 
of provisions in effect on a given date in the past by using the 
appropriate numerical list of sections affected. For the period before 
January 1, 2001, consult either the List of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-
1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, or 1986-2000, published in eleven separate 
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INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

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This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force 
of law.
    What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the 
Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when 
the requirements of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which 
approval is based are:
    (a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of 
material published in the Federal Register.
    (b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent 
necessary to afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative 
process.
    (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for 
publication in accordance with 1 CFR part 51.
    What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If 
you have any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed as 
an approved incorporation by reference, please contact the agency that 
issued the regulation containing that incorporation. If, after 
contacting the agency, you find the material is not available, please 
notify the Director of the Federal Register, National Archives and 
Records Administration, Washington DC 20408, or call 202-741-6010.

CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

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separate volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR Index 
and Finding Aids. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Authorities 
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This index is based on a consolidation of the ``Contents'' entries in 
the daily Federal Register.
    A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published monthly, keyed to 
the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.




[[Page vii]]



REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL

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    Raymond A. Mosley,
    Director,
    Office of the Federal Register.
    July 1, 2009.







[[Page ix]]



                               THIS TITLE

    Title 40--Protection of Environment is composed of thirty-two 
volumes. The parts in these volumes are arranged in the following order: 
parts 1-49, parts 50-51, part 52 (52.01-52.1018), part 52 (52.1019-end 
of part 52), parts 53-59, part 60 (60.1-end of part 60, sections), part 
60 (Appendices), parts 61-62, part 63 (63.1-63.599), part 63 (63.600-
63.1199), part 63 (63.1200-63.1439), part 63 (63.1440-63.6175), part 63 
(63.6580-63.8830), part 63 (63.8980-end of part 63) parts 64-71, parts 
72-80, parts 81-84, part 85-Sec.  86.599-99, part 86 (86.600-1-end of 
part 86), parts 87-99, parts 100-135, parts 136-149, parts 150-189, 
parts 190-259, parts 260-265, parts 266-299, parts 300-399, parts 400-
424, parts 425-699, parts 700-789, parts 790-999, and part 1000 to end. 
The contents of these volumes represent all current regulations codified 
under this title of the CFR as of July 1, 2009.

    Chapter I--Environmental Protection Agency appears in all thirty-two 
volumes. Regulations issued by the Council on Environmental Quality, 
including an Index to Parts 1500 through 1508, appear in the volume 
containing part 1000 to end. The OMB control numbers for title 40 appear 
in Sec.  9.1 of this chapter.

    For this volume, Cheryl E. Sirofchuck was Chief Editor. The Code of 
Federal Regulations publication program is under the direction of 
Michael L. White, assisted by Ann Worley.


[[Page 1]]



                   TITLE 40--PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT




                  (This book contains parts 400 to 424)

  --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Part

chapter i--Environmental Protection Agency (Continued)......         401

[[Page 3]]



         CHAPTER I--ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)




  --------------------------------------------------------------------


  Editorial Note: Nomenclature changes to chapter I appear at 65 FR 
47324, 47325, Aug. 2, 2000.

             SUBCHAPTER N--EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS
Part                                                                Page
400            [Reserved]

401             General provisions..........................           5
402             [Reserved]

403             General pretreatment regulations for 
                    existing and new sources of pollution...           9
405             Dairy products processing point source 
                    category................................          58
406             Grain mills point source category...........          78
407             Canned and preserved fruits and vegetables 
                    processing point source category........          93
408             Canned and preserved seafood processing 
                    point source category...................         110
409             Sugar processing point source category......         164
410             Textile mills point source category.........         175
411             Cement manufacturing point source category..         192
412             Concentrated animal feeding operations 
                    (CAFO) point source category............         197
413             Electroplating point source category........         206
414             Organic chemicals, plastics, and synthetic 
                    fibers..................................         221
415             Inorganic chemicals manufacturing point 
                    source category.........................         244
416             [Reserved]

417             Soap and detergent manufacturing point 
                    source category.........................         302
418             Fertilizer manufacturing point source 
                    category................................         339
419             Petroleum refining point source category....         353
420             Iron and steel manufacturing point source 
                    category................................         388
421             Nonferrous metals manufacturing point source 
                    category................................         454
422             Phosphate manufacturing point source 
                    category................................         637

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423             Steam electric power generating point source 
                    category................................         646
424             Ferroalloy manufacturing point source 
                    category................................         654

[[Page 5]]



             SUBCHAPTER N_EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS



                           PART 400 [RESERVED]



PART 401_GENERAL PROVISIONS--Table of Contents




Sec.
401.10 Scope and purpose.
401.11 General definitions.
401.12 Law authorizing establishment of effluent limitations guidelines 
          for existing sources, standards of performance for new sources 
          and pretreatment standards of new and existing sources.
401.13 Test procedures for measurement.
401.14 Cooling water intake structures.
401.15 Toxic pollutants.
401.16 Conventional pollutants
401.17 pH Effluent limitations under continuous monitoring.

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307 (b) and 
(c) and 316(b) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended 
(the ``Act''), 33 U.S.C. 1251, 1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 
1317 (b) and (c) and 1326(c); 86 Stat. 816 et seq.; Pub. L. 92-500.

    Source: 39 FR 4532, Feb. 1, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 401.10  Scope and purpose.

    Regulations promulgated or proposed under parts 402 through 699 of 
this subchapter prescribe effluent limitations guidelines for existing 
sources, standards of performance for new sources and pretreatment 
standards for new and existing sources pursuant to sections 301, 304 (b) 
and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307 (b) and (c) and 316(b) of the Federal 
Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (the ``Act''), 33 U.S.C. 1251, 
1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317 (b) and (c) and 1326(b); 
86 Stat. 816; Pub. L. 92-500. Point sources of discharges of pollutants 
are required to comply with these regulations, where applicable, and 
permits issued by States or the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 
under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) 
established pursuant to section 402 of the Act must be conditioned upon 
compliance with applicable requirements of sections 301 and 306 (as well 
as certain other requirements). This part 401 sets forth the legal 
authority and general definitions which will apply to all regulations 
issued concerning specific classes and categories of point sources under 
parts 402 through 699 of this subchapter which follow. In certain 
instances the regulations applicable to a particular point source 
category or subcategory will contain more specialized definitions. 
Except as provided in Sec. 401.17, in the case of any conflict between 
regulations issued under this part 401 and regulations issued under 
parts 402 through 499 of this subchapter, the latter more specific 
regulations shall apply.

(Secs. 301, 304, 306 and 501 of the Clean Water Act (the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et. seq., as 
amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977, Pub. L. 95-217))

[39 FR 4532, Feb. 1, 1974, as amended at 47 FR 24537, June 4, 1982]



Sec. 401.11  General definitions.

    For the purposes of parts 402 through 699 of this subchapter:
    (a) The term Act means the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as 
amended, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq., 86 Stat. 816, Pub. L. 92-500.
    (b) The term Administrator means the Administrator of the United 
States Environmental Protection Agency.
    (c) The term Environmental Protection Agency means the United States 
Environmental Protection Agency.
    (d) The term point source means any discernible, confined and 
discrete conveyance, including but not limited to any pipe, ditch, 
channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling 
stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other 
floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged.
    (e) The term new source means any building, structure, facility or 
installation from which there is or may be the discharge of pollutants, 
the construction of which is commenced after the publication of proposed 
regulations prescribing a standard of performance under section 306 of 
the Act which will be applicable to such source if such standard is 
thereafter promulgated in accordance with section 306 of the Act.
    (f) The term pollutant means dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator 
residue,

[[Page 6]]

sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological 
materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, 
rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste 
discharged into water. It does not mean (1) sewage from vessels or (2) 
water, gas or other material which is injected into a well to facilitate 
production of oil or gas, or water derived in association with oil or 
gas production and disposed of in a well, if the well, used either to 
facilitate production or for disposal purposes, is approved by authority 
of the State in which the well is located, and if such State determines 
that such injection or disposal will not result in degradation of ground 
or surface water resources.
    (g) The term pollution means the man-made or man induced alteration 
of the chemical, physical, biological and radiological integrity of 
water.
    (h) The term discharge of pollutant(s) means: (1) The addition of 
any pollutant to navigable waters from any point source and (2) any 
addition of any pollutant to the waters of the contiguous zone or the 
ocean from any point source, other than from a vessel or other floating 
craft. The term ``discharge'' includes either the discharge of a single 
pollutant or the discharge of multiple pollutants.
    (i) The term effluent limitation means any restriction established 
by the Administrator on quantities, rates, and concentrations of 
chemical, physical, biological and other constituents which are 
discharged from point sources, other than new sources, into navigable 
waters, the waters of the contiguous zone or the ocean.
    (j) The term effluent limitations guidelines means any effluent 
limitations guidelines issued by the Administrator pursuant to section 
304(b) of the Act.
    (k) The term standard of performance means any restriction 
established by the Administrator pursuant to section 306 of the Act on 
quantities, rates, and concentrations of chemical, physical, biological, 
and other constituents which are or may be discharged from new sources 
into navigable waters, the waters of the contiguous zone or the ocean.
    (l) The term navigable waters includes: All navigable waters of the 
United States; tributaries of navigable waters of the United States; 
interstate waters; intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams which are 
utilized by interstate travelers for recreational or other purposes; 
intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams from which fish or shellfish are 
taken and sold in interstate commerce; and intrastate lakes, rivers, and 
streams which are utilized for industrial purposes by industries in 
interstate commerce. Navigable waters do not include prior converted 
cropland. Notwithstanding the determination of an area's status as prior 
converted cropland by any other federal agency, for the purposes of the 
Clean Water Act, the final authority regarding Clean Water Act 
jurisdiction remains with EPA.
    (m) The terms state water pollution control agency, interstate 
agency, State, municipality, person, territorial seas, contiguous zone, 
biological monitoring, schedule of compliance, and industrial user shall 
be defined in accordance with section 502 of the Act unless the context 
otherwise requires.
    (n) The term noncontract cooling water means water used for cooling 
which does not come into direct contact with any raw material, 
intermediate product, waste product or finished product.
    (o) The term noncontact cooling water pollutants means pollutants 
present in noncontact cooling waters.
    (p) The term blowdown means the minimum discharge of recirculating 
water for the purpose of discharging materials contained in the water, 
the further buildup of which would cause concentration in amounts 
exceeding limits established by best engineering practice.
    (q) The term process waste water means any water which, during 
manufacturing or processing, comes into direct contact with or results 
from the production or use of any raw material, intermediate product, 
finished product, by-product, or waste product.
    (r) The term process waste water pollutants means pollutants present 
in process waste water.
    (s) The following abbreviations shall have the following meanings:

[[Page 7]]

    (1) BOD5 means five-day biochemical oxygen demand;
    (2) COD means chemical oxygen demand;
    (3) TOC means total organic carbon;
    (4) TDS means total dissolved solids;
    (5) TSS means total suspended non-filterable solids;
    (6) kw means kilowatt(s);
    (7) kwh means kilowatt hour(s);
    (8) Mw means megawatt(s);
    (9) Mwh means megawatt hour(s);
    (10) hp means horsepower;
    (11) mm means millimeter(s);
    (12) cm means centimeter;
    (13) m means meter(s);
    (14) in. means inch;
    (15) ft means foot (feet);
    (16) l means liter(s);
    (17) cu m means cubic meter(s);
    (18) k cu m means 1000 cubic meter(s);
    (19) gal means gallon(s);
    (20) cu ft means cubic foot (feet);
    (21) mg means milligram(s);
    (22) g means gram(s);
    (23) kg means kilogram(s);
    (24) kkg means 1000 kilogram(s);
    (25) lb means pound(s);
    (26) sq m means square meter(s);
    (27) ha means hectare(s);
    (28) sq ft means square foot (feet); and
    (29) ac means acre(s).

[39 FR 4532, Feb. 1, 1974, as amended at 58 FR 45038, Aug. 25, 1994]



Sec. 401.12  Law authorizing establishment of effluent limitations guidelines
for existing sources, standards of performance for new sources and pretreatment 

          standards of new and existing sources.

    (a) Section 301(a) of the Act provides that ``except as in 
compliance with this section and sections 302, 306, 307, 318, 402 and 
404 of this Act, the discharge of any pollutant by any person shall be 
unlawful.''
    (b) Section 301(b) of the Act requires the achievement by not later 
than July 1, 1977, of effluent limitations for point sources, other than 
publicly owned treatment works, which require the application of the 
best practicable control technology currently available as determined by 
the Administrator pursuant to section 304(b)(1) of the Act. Section 
301(b) also requires the achievement by not later than July 1, 1983, of 
effluent limitations for point sources, other than publicly owned 
treatment works, which require the application of the best available 
technology economically achievable which will result in reasonable 
further progress toward the national goal of eliminating the discharge 
of all pollutants, as determined in accordance with regulations issued 
by the Administrator pursuant to section 304(b)(2) of the Act.
    (c) Section 304(b) of the Act requires the Administrator to publish 
regulations providing guidelines for effluent limitations setting forth 
the degree of effluent reduction attainable through the application of 
the best practicable control technology currently available and the 
degree of effluent reduction attainable through the application of the 
best control measures and practices achievable including treatment 
techniques, process and procedure innovations, operating methods and 
other alternatives.
    (d) Section 304(c) of the Act requires the Administrator, after 
consultation with appropriate Federal and State agencies and other 
interested persons to issue information on the process, procedures, or 
operating methods which result in the elimination or reduction of the 
discharge of pollutants to implement standards of performance under 
section 306 of the Act.
    (e) Section 306(b)(1)(B) of the Act requires the Administrator, 
after a category of sources is included in a list published pursuant to 
section 306(b)(1)(A) of the Act, to propose regulations establishing 
Federal standards of performances for new sources within such category. 
Standards of performance are to provide for the control of the discharge 
of pollutants which reflect the greatest degree of effluent reduction 
which the Administrator determines to be achievable through application 
of the best available demonstrated control technology, processes, 
operating methods, or other alternatives, including, where practicable, 
a standard permitting no discharge of pollutants.
    (f) Section 307(b) provides that the Administrator shall establish 
pretreatment standards which shall prevent the discharge of any 
pollutant into publicly owned treatment works which pollutant interferes 
with, passes

[[Page 8]]

through untreated, or otherwise is incompatible with such works.
    (g) Section 307(c) of the Act provides that the Administrator shall 
promulgate pretreatment standards for sources which would be ``new 
sources'' under section 306 (if they were to discharge pollutants 
directly to navigable waters) at the same time standards of performance 
for the equivalent category of new sources are promulgated.
    (h) Section 316(b) of the Act provides that any standard established 
pursuant to section 301 or section 306 of the Act and applicable to a 
point source shall require that the location, design, construction, and 
capacity of cooling water intake structures reflect the best technology 
available for minimizing adverse environmental impact.
    (i) Section 402(a)(1) of the Act provides that the Administrator may 
issue permits for the discharge of any pollutant upon condition that 
such discharge will meet all applicable requirements under sections 301, 
302, 306, 307, 308 and 403 of this Act. In addition, section 
402(b)(1)(A) of the Act requires that permits issued by States under the 
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) established by 
the Act must apply, and insure compliance with any applicable 
requirements of sections 301, 302, 306, 307 and 403 of the Act.



Sec. 401.13  Test procedures for measurement.

    The test procedures for measurement which are prescribed at part 136 
of this chapter shall apply to expressions of pollutant amounts, 
characteristics or properties in effluent limitations guidelines and 
standards of performance and pretreatment standards as set forth at 
parts 402 through 699 of this subchapter, unless otherwise specifically 
noted or defined in said parts.



Sec. 401.14  Cooling water intake structures.

    The location, design, construction and capacity of cooling water 
intake structures of any point source for which a standard is 
established pursuant to section 301 or 306 of the Act shall reflect the 
best technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact, 
in accordance with the provisions of part 402 of this chapter.

(Sec. 501(a) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; 33 
U.S.C. 1326(b) and 1261(a))

[41 FR 17389, Apr. 26, 1976]



Sec. 401.15  Toxic pollutants.

    The following comprise the list of toxic pollutants designated 
pursuant to section 307(a)(1) of the Act:

1. Acenaphthene
2. Acrolein
3. Acrylonitrile
4. Aldrin/Dieldrin \1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Effluent standard promulgated (40 CFR part 129).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

5. Antimony and compounds \2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ The term compounds shall include organic and inorganic 
compounds.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

6. Arsenic and compounds
7. Asbestos
8. Benzene
9. Benzidine \1\
10. Beryllium and compounds
11. Cadmium and compounds
12. Carbon tetrachloride
13. Chlordane (technical mixture and metabolites)
14. Chlorinated benzenes (other than di-chlorobenzenes)
15. Chlorinated ethanes (including 1,2-di-chloroethane, 1,1,1-
trichloroethane, and hexachloroethane)
16. Chloroalkyl ethers (chloroethyl and mixed ethers)
17. Chlorinated naphthalene
18. Chlorinated phenols (other than those listed elsewhere; includes 
trichlorophenols and chlorinated cresols)
19. Chloroform
20. 2-chlorophenol
21. Chromium and compounds
22. Copper and compounds
23. Cyanides
24. DDT and metabolites \1\
25. Dichlorobenzenes (1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-di-chlorobenzenes)
26. Dichlorobenzidine
27. Dichloroethylenes (1,1-, and 1,2-dichloroethylene)
28. 2,4-dichlorophenol
29. Dichloropropane and dichloropropene
30. 2,4-dimethylphenol
31. Dinitrotoluene
32. Diphenylhydrazine
33. Endosulfan and metabolites
34. Endrin and metabolites \1\
35. Ethylbenzene
36. Fluoranthene
37. Haloethers (other than those listed elsewhere; includes 
chlorophenylphenyl ethers, bromophenylphenyl ether,

[[Page 9]]

bis(dichloroisopropyl) ether, bis-(chloroethoxy) methane and 
polychlorinated diphenyl ethers)
38. Halomethanes (other than those listed elsewhere; includes methylene 
chloride, methylchloride, methylbromide, bromoform, dichlorobromomethane
39. Heptachlor and metabolites
40. Hexachlorobutadiene
41. Hexachlorocyclohexane
42. Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
43. Isophorone
44. Lead and compounds
45. Mercury and compounds
46. Naphthalene
47. Nickel and compounds
48. Nitrobenzene
49. Nitrophenols (including 2,4-dinitrophenol, dinitrocresol)
50. Nitrosamines
51. Pentachlorophenol
52. Phenol
53. Phthalate esters
54. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) \1\
55. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (including benzanthracenes, 
benzopyrenes, benzofluoranthene, chrysenes, dibenz-anthracenes, and 
indenopyrenes)
56. Selenium and compounds
57. Silver and compounds
58. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)
59. Tetrachloroethylene
60. Thallium and compounds
61. Toluene
62. Toxaphene \1\
63. Trichloroethylene
64. Vinyl chloride
65. Zinc and compounds

[44 FR 44502, July 30, 1979, as amended at 46 FR 2266, Jan. 8, 1981; 46 
FR 10724, Feb. 4, 1981]



Sec. 401.16  Conventional pollutants.

    The following comprise the list of conventional pollutants 
designated pursuant to section 304(a)(4) of the Act:

1. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)
2. Total suspended solids (nonfilterable) (TSS)
3. pH
4. Fecal coliform
5. Oil and grease

[44 FR 44503, July 30, 1979; 44 FR 52685, Sept. 10, 1979]



Sec. 401.17  pH Effluent limitations under continuous monitoring.

    (a) Where a permittee continuously measures the pH of wastewater 
pursuant to a requirement or option in a National Pollutant Discharge 
Elimination System (NPDES) permit issued pursuant to section 402 of the 
Act, the permittee shall maintain the pH of such wastewater within the 
range set forth in the applicable effluent limitations guidelines, 
except excursions from the range are permitted subject to the following 
limitations:
    (1) The total time during which the pH values are outside the 
required range of pH values shall not exceed 7 hours and 26 minutes in 
any calendar month; and
    (2) No individual excursion from the range of pH values shall exceed 
60 minutes.
    (b) The Director, as defined in Sec. 122.3 of this chapter, may 
adjust the requirements set forth in paragraph (a) of this section with 
respect to the length of individual excursions from the range of pH 
values, if a different period of time is appropriate based upon the 
treatment system, plant configuration or other technical factors.
    (c) For purposes of this section, an excursion is an unintentional 
and temporary incident in which the pH value of discharge wastewater 
exceeds the range set forth in the applicable effluent limitations 
guidelines.

(Secs. 301, 304, 306 and 501 of the Clean Water Act (the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et. seq., as 
amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977, Pub. L. 95-217))

[47 FR 24537, June 4, 1982]

                           PART 402 [RESERVED]



PART 403_GENERAL PRE-TREAT- MENT REGULATIONS FOR EXIST- ING AND NEW 
SOURCES OF POLLUTION--Table of Contents




Sec.
403.1 Purpose and applicability.
403.2 Objectives of general pretreatment regulations.
403.3 Definitions.
403.4 State or local law.
403.5 National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.
403.6 National pretreatment standards: Categorical standards.
403.7 Removal credits.
403.8 Pretreatment Program Requirements: Development and Implementation 
          by POTW.
403.9 POTW pretreatment programs and/or authorization to revise 
          pretreatment standards: Submission for approval.

[[Page 10]]

403.10 Development and submission of NPDES State pretreatment programs.
403.11 Approval procedures for POTW pretreatment programs and POTW 
          granting of removal credits.
403.12 Reporting requirements for POTW's and industrial users.
403.13 Variances from categorical pretreatment standards for 
          fundamentally different factors.
403.14 Confidentiality.
403.15 Net/Gross calculation.
403.16 Upset provision.
403.17 Bypass.
403.18 Modification of POTW pretreatment programs.
403.19 Provisions of specific applicability to the Owatonna Waste Water 
          Treatment Facility.
403.20 Pretreatment Program Reinvention Pilot Projects Under Project XL.

Appendixes A-C to Part 403 [Reserved]
Appendix D to Part 403--Selected Industrial Subcategories Considered 
          Dilute for Purposes of the Combined Wastestream Formula
Appendix E to Part 403--Sampling Procedures
Appendix F to Part 403 [Reserved]
Appendix G to Part 403--Pollutants Eligible for a Removal Credit

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.

    Source: 46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 403.1  Purpose and applicability.

    (a) This part implements sections 204(b)(1)(C), 208(b)(2) (C)(iii), 
301(b)(1)(A)(ii), 301(b)(2) (A)(ii), 301(h)(5) and 301(i)(2), 304 (e) 
and (g), 307, 308, 309, 402(b), 405, and 501(a) of the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977 (Pub. L. 
95-217) or ``The Act''. It establishes responsibilities of Federal, 
State, and local government, industry and the public to implement 
National Pretreatment Standards to control pollutants which pass through 
or interfere with treatment processes in Publicly Owned Treatment Works 
(POTWs) or which may contaminate sewage sludge.
    (b) This regulation applies:
    (1) To pollutants from non-domestic sources covered by Pretreatment 
Standards which are indirectly discharged into or transported by truck 
or rail or otherwise introduced into POTWs as defined below in Sec. 
403.3;
    (2) To POTWs which receive wastewater from sources subject to 
National Pretreatment Standards;
    (3) To States which have or are applying for National Pollutant 
Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) programs approved in accordance 
with section 402 of the Act; and
    (4) To any new or existing source subject to Pretreatment Standards. 
National Pretreatment Standards do not apply to sources which Discharge 
to a sewer which is not connected to a POTW Treatment Plant.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 48 FR 2776, Jan. 21, 1983; 60 
FR 33932, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 403.2  Objectives of general pretreatment regulations.

    By establishing the responsibilities of government and industry to 
implement National Pretreatment Standards this regulation fulfills three 
objectives:
    (a) To prevent the introduction of pollutants into POTWs which will 
interfere with the operation of a POTW, including interference with its 
use or disposal of municipal sludge;
    (b) To prevent the introduction of pollutants into POTWs which will 
pass through the treatment works or otherwise be incompatible with such 
works; and
    (c) To improve opportunities to recycle and reclaim municipal and 
industrial wastewaters and sludges.



Sec. 403.3  Definitions.

    For the purposes of this part:
    (a) Except as discussed below, the general definitions, 
abbreviations, and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 
shall apply to this regulation.
    (b) The term Act means Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also 
known as the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. 1251, et seq.
    (c) The term Approval Authority means the Director in an NPDES State 
with an approved State pretreatment program and the appropriate Regional 
Administrator in a non-NPDES State or NPDES State without an approved 
State pretreatment program.
    (d) The term Approved POTW Pretreatment Program or Program or POTW 
Pretreatment Program means a program administered by a POTW that meets 
the criteria established in this regulation (Sec. Sec. 403.8 and 403.9) 
and which

[[Page 11]]

has been approved by a Regional Administrator or State Director in 
accordance with Sec. 403.11 of this regulation.
    (e) The term Best Management Practices or BMPs means schedules of 
activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and other 
management practices to implement the prohibitions listed in Sec. 
403.5(a)(1) and (b). BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating 
procedures, and practices to control plant site runoff, spillage or 
leaks, sludge or waste disposal, or drainage from raw materials storage.
    (f) The term Control Authority refers to:
    (1) The POTW if the POTW's Pretreatment Program Submission has been 
approved in accordance with the requirements of Sec. 403.11; or
    (2) The Approval Authority if the Submission has not been approved.
    (g) The term Director means the chief administrative officer of a 
State or Interstate water pollution control agency with an NPDES permit 
program approved pursuant to section 402(b) of the Act and an approved 
State pretreatment program.
    (h) The term Water Management Division Director means one of the 
Directors of the Water Management Divisions within the Regional offices 
of the Environmental Protection Agency or this person's delegated 
representative.
    (i) The term Indirect Discharge or Discharge means the introduction 
of pollutants into a POTW from any non-domestic source regulated under 
section 307(b), (c) or (d) of the Act.
    (j) The term Industrial User or User means a source of Indirect 
Discharge.
    (k) The term Interference means a Discharge which, alone or in 
conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, both:
    (1) Inhibits or disrupts the POTW, its treatment processes or 
operations, or its sludge processes, use or disposal; and
    (2) Therefore is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the 
POTW's NPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration 
of a violation) or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in 
compliance with the following statutory provisions and regulations or 
permits issued thereunder (or more stringent State or local 
regulations): Section 405 of the Clean Water Act, the Solid Waste 
Disposal Act (SWDA) (including title II, more commonly referred to as 
the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and including State 
regulations contained in any State sludge management plan prepared 
pursuant to subtitle D of the SWDA), the Clean Air Act, the Toxic 
Substances Control Act, and the Marine Protection, Research and 
Sanctuaries Act.
    (l) The term National Pretreatment Standard, Pretreatment Standard, 
or Standard means any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits 
promulgated by the EPA in accordance with section 307 (b) and (c) of the 
Act, which applies to Industrial Users. This term includes prohibitive 
discharge limits established pursuant to Sec. 403.5.
    (m)(1) The term New Source means any building, structure, facility 
or installation from which there is or may be a Discharge of pollutants, 
the construction of which commenced after the publication of proposed 
Pretreatment Standards under section 307(c) of the Act which will be 
applicable to such source if such Standards are thereafter promulgated 
in accordance with that section, provided that:
    (i) The building, structure, facility or installation is constructed 
at a site at which no other source is located; or
    (ii) The building, structure, facility or installation totally 
replaces the process or production equipment that causes the discharge 
of pollutants at an existing source; or
    (iii) The production or wastewater generating processes of the 
building, structure, facility or installation are substantially 
independent of an existing source at the same site. In determining 
whether these are substantially independent, factors such as the extent 
to which the new facility is integrated with the existing plant, and the 
extent to which the new facility is engaged in the same general type of 
activity as the existing source should be considered.
    (2) Construction on a site at which an existing source is located 
results in a modification rather than a New Source if the construction 
does not create a

[[Page 12]]

new building, structure, facility or installation meeting the criteria 
of paragraphs (m)(1)(ii) or (m)(1)(iii) of this section, but otherwise 
alters, replaces, or adds to existing process or production equipment.
    (3) Construction of a new source as defined under this paragraph has 
commenced if the owner or operator has:
    (i) Begun, or caused to begin as part of a continuous onsite 
construction program:
    (A) Any placement, assembly, or installation of facilities or 
equipment; or
    (B) Significant site preparation work including clearing, 
excavation, or removal of existing buildings, structures, or facilities 
which is necessary for the placement, assembly, or installation of new 
source facilities or equipment; or
    (ii) Entered into a binding contractual obligation for the purchase 
of facilities or equipment which are intended to be used in its 
operation within a reasonable time. Options to purchase or contracts 
which can be terminated or modified without substantial loss, and 
contracts for feasibility, engineering, and design studies do not 
constitute a contractual obligation under this paragraph.
    (n) The terms NPDES Permit or Permit means a permit issued to a POTW 
pursuant to section 402 of the Act.
    (o) The term NPDES State means a State (as defined in 40 CFR 122.2) 
or Interstate water pollution control agency with an NPDES permit 
program approved pursuant to section 402(b) of the Act.
    (p) The term Pass Through means a Discharge which exits the POTW 
into waters of the United States in quantities or concentrations which, 
alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other 
sources, is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW's 
NPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a 
violation).
    (q) The term Publicly Owned Treatment Works or POTW means a 
treatment works as defined by section 212 of the Act, which is owned by 
a State or municipality (as defined by section 502(4) of the Act). This 
definition includes any devices and systems used in the storage, 
treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial 
wastes of a liquid nature. It also includes sewers, pipes and other 
conveyances only if they convey wastewater to a POTW Treatment Plant. 
The term also means the municipality as defined in section 502(4) of the 
Act, which has jurisdiction over the Indirect Discharges to and the 
discharges from such a treatment works.
    (r) The term POTW Treatment Plant means that portion of the POTW 
which is designed to provide treatment (including recycling and 
reclamation) of municipal sewage and industrial waste.
    (s) The term Pretreatment means the reduction of the amount of 
pollutants, the elimination of pollutants, or the alteration of the 
nature of pollutant properties in wastewater prior to or in lieu of 
discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into a POTW. The 
reduction or alteration may be obtained by physical, chemical or 
biological processes, process changes or by other means, except as 
prohibited by Sec. 403.6(d). Appropriate pretreatment technology 
includes control equipment, such as equalization tanks or facilities, 
for protection against surges or slug loadings that might interfere with 
or otherwise be incompatible with the POTW. However, where wastewater 
from a regulated process is mixed in an equalization facility with 
unregulated wastewater or with wastewater from another regulated 
process, the effluent from the equalization facility must meet an 
adjusted pretreatment limit calculated in accordance with Sec. 
403.6(e).
    (t) The term Pretreatment requirements means any substantive or 
procedural requirement related to Pretreatment, other than a National 
Pretreatment Standard, imposed on an Industrial User.
    (u) The term Regional Administrator means the appropriate EPA 
Regional Administrator.
    (v) Significant Industrial User. (1) Except as provided in 
paragraphs (v)(2) and (v)(3) of this section, the term Significant 
Industrial User means:
    (i) All Industrial Users subject to Categorical Pretreatment 
Standards under 40 CFR 403.6 and 40 CFR chapter I, subchapter N; and
    (ii) Any other Industrial User that: discharges an average of 25,000 
gallons per day or more of process wastewater

[[Page 13]]

to the POTW (excluding sanitary, noncontact cooling and boiler blowdown 
wastewater); contributes a process wastestream which makes up 5 percent 
or more of the average dry weather hydraulic or organic capacity of the 
POTW Treatment plant; or is designated as such by the Control Authority 
on the basis that the Industrial User has a reasonable potential for 
adversely affecting the POTW's operation or for violating any 
Pretreatment Standard or requirement (in accordance with 40 CFR 
403.8(f)(6)).
    (2) The Control Authority may determine that an Industrial User 
subject to categorical Pretreatment Standards under Sec. 403.6 and 40 
CFR chapter I, subchapter N is a Non-Significant Categorical Industrial 
User rather than a Significant Industrial User on a finding that the 
Industrial User never discharges more than 100 gallons per day (gpd) of 
total categorical wastewater (excluding sanitary, non-contact cooling 
and boiler blowdown wastewater, unless specifically included in the 
Pretreatment Standard) and the following conditions are met:
    (i) The Industrial User, prior to the Control Authority's finding, 
has consistently complied with all applicable categorical Pretreatment 
Standards and Requirements;
    (ii) The Industrial User annually submits the certification 
statement required in Sec. 403.12(q) together with any additional 
information necessary to support the certification statement; and
    (iii) The Industrial User never discharges any untreated 
concentrated wastewater.
    (3) Upon a finding that an Industrial User meeting the criteria in 
paragraph (v)(1)(ii) of this section has no reasonable potential for 
adversely affecting the POTW's operation or for violating any 
Pretreatment Standards or requirement, the Control Authority may at any 
time, on its own initiative or in response to a petition received from 
an Industrial User or POTW, and in accordance with 40 CFR 403.8(f)(6), 
determine that such Industrial User is not a Significant Industrial 
User.
    (w) The term Submission means:
    (1) A request by a POTW for approval of a Pretreatment Program to 
the EPA or a Director;
    (2) A request by a POTW to the EPA or a Director for authority to 
revise the discharge limits in categorical Pretreatment Standards to 
reflect POTW pollutant removals; or
    (3) A request to the EPA by an NPDES State for approval of its State 
pretreatment program.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 49 FR 5132, Feb. 10, 1984; 49 
FR 28059, July 10, 1984; 51 FR 20430, June 4, 1986; 51 FR 23760, July 1, 
1986; 52 FR 1600, Jan. 14, 1987; 53 FR 40610, Oct. 17, 1988; 55 FR 
30129, July 24, 1990; 70 FR 60191, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.4  State or local law.

    Nothing in this regulation is intended to affect any Pretreatment 
Requirements, including any standards or prohibitions, established by 
State or local law as long as the State or local requirements are not 
less stringent than any set forth in National Pretreatment Standards, or 
any other requirements or prohibitions established under the Act or this 
regulation. States with an NPDES permit program approved in accordance 
with section 402 (b) and (c) of the Act, or States requesting NPDES 
programs, are responsible for developing a State pretreatment program in 
accordance with Sec. 403.10 of this regulation.



Sec. 403.5  National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.

    (a)(1) General prohibitions. A User may not introduce into a POTW 
any pollutant(s) which cause Pass Through or Interference. These general 
prohibitions and the specific prohibitions in paragraph (b) of this 
section apply to each User introducing pollutants into a POTW whether or 
not the User is subject to other National Pretreatment Standards or any 
national, State, or local Pretreatment Requirements.
    (2) Affirmative Defenses. A User shall have an affirmative defense 
in any action brought against it alleging a violation of the general 
prohibitions established in paragraph (a)(1) of this section and the 
specific prohibitions in paragraphs (b)(3), (b)(4), (b)(5), (b)(6), and 
(b)(7) of this section where the User can demonstrate that:

[[Page 14]]

    (i) It did not know or have reason to know that its Discharge, alone 
or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, 
would cause Pass Through or Interference; and
    (ii)(A) A local limit designed to prevent Pass Through and/or 
Interference, as the case may be, was developed in accordance with 
paragraph (c) of this section for each pollutant in the User's Discharge 
that caused Pass Through or Interference, and the User was in compliance 
with each such local limit directly prior to and during the Pass Through 
or Interference; or
    (B) If a local limit designed to prevent Pass Through and/or 
Interference, as the case may be, has not been developed in accordance 
with paragraph (c) of this section for the pollutant(s) that caused the 
Pass Through or Interference, the User's Discharge directly prior to and 
during the Pass Through or Interference did not change substantially in 
nature or constituents from the User's prior discharge activity when the 
POTW was regularly in compliance with the POTW's NPDES permit 
requirements and, in the case of Interference, applicable requirements 
for sewage sludge use or disposal.
    (b) Specific prohibitions. In addition, the following pollutants 
shall not be introduced into a POTW:
    (1) Pollutants which create a fire or explosion hazard in the POTW, 
including, but not limited to, wastestreams with a closed cup flashpoint 
of less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit or 60 degrees Centigrade using the 
test methods specified in 40 CFR 261.21;
    (2) Pollutants which will cause corrosive structural damage to the 
POTW, but in no case Discharges with pH lower than 5.0, unless the works 
is specifically designed to accommodate such Discharges;
    (3) Solid or viscous pollutants in amounts which will cause 
obstruction to the flow in the POTW resulting in Interference;
    (4) Any pollutant, including oxygen demanding pollutants (BOD, etc.) 
released in a Discharge at a flow rate and/or pollutant concentration 
which will cause Interference with the POTW.
    (5) Heat in amounts which will inhibit biological activity in the 
POTW resulting in Interference, but in no case heat in such quantities 
that the temperature at the POTW Treatment Plant exceeds 40 [deg]C (104 
[deg]F) unless the Approval Authority, upon request of the POTW, 
approves alternate temperature limits.
    (6) Petroleum oil, nonbiodegradable cutting oil, or products of 
mineral oil origin in amounts that will cause interference or pass 
through;
    (7) Pollutants which result in the presence of toxic gases, vapors, 
or fumes within the POTW in a quantity that may cause acute worker 
health and safety problems;
    (8) Any trucked or hauled pollutants, except at discharge points 
designated by the POTW.
    (c) When specific limits must be developed by POTW. (1) Each POTW 
developing a POTW Pretreatment Program pursuant to Sec. 403.8 shall 
develop and enforce specific limits to implement the prohibitions listed 
in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b) of this section. Each POTW with an approved 
pretreatment program shall continue to develop these limits as necessary 
and effectively enforce such limits.
    (2) All other POTW's shall, in cases where pollutants contributed by 
User(s) result in Interference or Pass-Through, and such violation is 
likely to recur, develop and enforce specific effluent limits for 
Industrial User(s), and all other users, as appropriate, which, together 
with appropriate changes in the POTW Treatment Plant's facilities or 
operation, are necessary to ensure renewed and continued compliance with 
the POTW's NPDES permit or sludge use or disposal practices.
    (3) Specific effluent limits shall not be developed and enforced 
without individual notice to persons or groups who have requested such 
notice and an opportunity to respond.
    (4) POTWs may develop Best Management Practices (BMPs) to implement 
paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section. Such BMPs shall be 
considered local limits and Pretreatment Standards for the purposes of 
this part and section 307(d) of the Act.
    (d) Local limits. Where specific prohibitions or limits on 
pollutants or pollutant parameters are developed by a

[[Page 15]]

POTW in accordance with paragraph (c) above, such limits shall be deemed 
Pretreatment Standards for the purposes of section 307(d) of the Act.
    (e) EPA enforcement actions under section 309(f) of the Clean Water 
Act.
    If, within 30 days after notice of an Interference or Pass Through 
violation has been sent by EPA to the POTW, and to persons or groups who 
have requested such notice, the POTW fails to commence appropriate 
enforcement action to correct the violation, EPA may take appropriate 
enforcement action under the authority provided in section 309(f) of the 
Clean Water Act.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 51 FR 20430, June 4, 1986; 52 
FR 1600, Jan. 14, 1987; 55 FR 30129, July 24, 1990; 60 FR 33932, June 
29, 1995; 70 FR 60192, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.6  National pretreatment standards: Categorical standards.

    National pretreatment standards specifying quantities or 
concentrations of pollutants or pollutant properties which may be 
discharged to a POTW by existing or new industrial users in specific 
industrial subcategories will be established as separate regulations 
under the appropriate subpart of 40 CFR chapter I, subchapter N. These 
standards, unless specifically noted otherwise, shall be in addition to 
all applicable pretreatment standards and requirements set forth in this 
part.
    (a) Category Determination Request--(1) Application Deadline. Within 
60 days after the effective date of a Pretreatment Standard for a 
subcategory under which an Industrial User may be included, the 
Industrial User or POTW may request that the Water Management Division 
Director or Director, as appropriate, provide written certification on 
whether the Industrial User falls within that particular subcategory. If 
an existing Industrial User adds or changes a process or operation which 
may be included in a subcategory, the existing Industrial User must 
request this certification prior to commencing discharge from the added 
or changed processes or operation. A New Source must request this 
certification prior to commencing discharge. Where a request for 
certification is submitted by a POTW, the POTW shall notify any affected 
Industrial User of such submission. The Industrial User may provide 
written comments on the POTW submission to the Water Management Division 
Director or Director, as appropriate, within 30 days of notification.
    (2) Contents of Application. Each request shall contain a statement:
    (i) Describing which subcategories might be applicable; and
    (ii) Citing evidence and reasons why a particular subcategory is 
applicable and why others are not applicable. Any person signing the 
application statement submitted pursuant to this section shall make the 
following certification:

    I certify under penalty of law that this document and all 
attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in 
accordance with a system designed to assure that qualified personnel 
properly gather and evaluate the information submitted. Based on my 
inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system, or those persons 
directly responsible for gathering the information, the information 
submitted is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, accurate, 
and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for 
submitting false information, including the possibility of fine and 
imprisonment for knowing violations.

    (3) Deficient requests. The Water Management Division Director or 
Director will only act on written requests for determinations that 
contain all of the information required. Persons who have made 
incomplete submissions will be notified by the Water Management Division 
Director or Director that their requests are deficient and, unless the 
time period is extended, will be given 30 days to correct the 
deficiency. If the deficiency is not corrected within 30 days or within 
an extended period allowed by the Water Management Division Director or 
the Director, the request for a determination shall be denied.
    (4) Final decision. (i) When the Water Management Division Director 
or Director receives a submittal he or she will, after determining that 
it contains all of the information required by paragraph (2) of this 
section, consider the submission, any additional evidence that may have 
been requested, and any other available information relevant to the 
request. The Water Management Division Director or Director will then

[[Page 16]]

make a written determination of the applicable subcategory and state the 
reasons for the determination.
    (ii) Where the request is submitted to the Director, the Director 
shall forward the determination described in this paragraph to the Water 
Management Division Director who may make a final determination. The 
Water Management Division Director may waive receipt of these 
determinations. If the Water Management Division Director does not 
modify the Director's decision within 60 days after receipt thereof, or 
if the Water Management Division Director waives receipt of the 
determination, the Director's decision is final.
    (iii) Where the request is submitted by the Industrial User or POTW 
to the Water Management Division Director or where the Water Management 
Division Director elects to modify the Director's decision, the Water 
Management Division Director's decision will be final.
    (iv) The Water Management Division Director or Director, as 
appropriate, shall send a copy of the determination to the affected 
Industrial User and the POTW. Where the final determination is made by 
the Water Management Division Director, he or she shall send a copy of 
the determination to the Director.
    (5) Requests for hearing and/or legal decision. Within 30 days 
following the date of receipt of notice of the final determination as 
provided for by paragraph (a)(4)(iv) of this section, the Requester may 
submit a petition to reconsider or contest the decision to the Regional 
Administrator who shall act on such petition expeditiously and state the 
reasons for his or her determination in writing.
    (b) Deadline for compliance with categorical standards. Compliance 
by existing sources with categorical Pretreatment Standards shall be 
within 3 years of the date the Standard is effective unless a shorter 
compliance time is specified in the appropriate subpart of 40 CFR 
chapter I, subchapter N. Direct dischargers with NPDES Permits modified 
or reissued to provide a variance pursuant to section 301(i)(2) of the 
Act shall be required to meet compliance dates set in any applicable 
categorical Pretreatment Standard. Existing sources which become 
Industrial Users subsequent to promulgation of an applicable categorical 
Pretreatment Standard shall be considered existing Industrial Users 
except where such sources meet the definition of a New Source as defined 
in Sec. 403.3(m). New Sources shall install and have in operating 
condition, and shall ``start-up'' all pollution control equipment 
required to meet applicable Pretreatment Standards before beginning to 
Discharge. Within the shortest feasible time (not to exceed 90 days), 
New Sources must meet all applicable Pretreatment Standards.
    (c)(1) Concentration and mass limits. Pollutant discharge limits in 
categorical Pretreatment Standards will be expressed either as 
concentration or mass limits. Wherever possible, where concentration 
limits are specified in standards, equivalent mass limits will be 
provided so that local, State or Federal authorities responsible for 
enforcement may use either concentration or mass limits. Limits in 
categorical Pretreatment Standards shall apply to the effluent of the 
process regulated by the Standard, or as otherwise specified by the 
standard.
    (2) When the limits in a categorical Pretreatment Standard are 
expressed only in terms of mass of pollutant per unit of production, the 
Control Authority may convert the limits to equivalent limitations 
expressed either as mass of pollutant discharged per day or effluent 
concentration for purposes of calculating effluent limitations 
applicable to individual Industrial Users.
    (3) A Control Authority calculating equivalent mass-per-day 
limitations under paragraph (c)(2) of this section shall calculate such 
limitations by multiplying the limits in the Standard by the Industrial 
User's average rate of production. This average rate of production shall 
be based not upon the designed production capacity but rather upon a 
reasonable measure of the Industrial User's actual long-term daily 
production, such as the average daily production during a representative 
year. For new sources, actual production shall be estimated using 
projected production.
    (4) A Control Authority calculating equivalent concentration 
limitations

[[Page 17]]

under paragraph (c)(2) of this section shall calculate such limitations 
by dividing the mass limitations derived under paragraph (c)(3) of this 
section by the average daily flow rate of the Industrial User's 
regulated process wastewater. This average daily flow rate shall be 
based upon a reasonable measure of the Industrial User's actual long-
term average flow rate, such as the average daily flow rate during the 
representative year.
    (5) When the limits in a categorical Pretreatment Standard are 
expressed only in terms of pollutant concentrations, an Industrial User 
may request that the Control Authority convert the limits to equivalent 
mass limits. The determination to convert concentration limits to mass 
limits is within the discretion of the Control Authority. The Control 
Authority may establish equivalent mass limits only if the Industrial 
User meets all the following conditions in paragraph (c)(5)(i)(A) 
through (c)(5)(i)(E) of this section.
    (i) To be eligible for equivalent mass limits, the Industrial User 
must:
    (A) Employ, or demonstrate that it will employ, water conservation 
methods and technologies that substantially reduce water use during the 
term of its control mechanism;
    (B) Currently use control and treatment technologies adequate to 
achieve compliance with the applicable categorical Pretreatment 
Standard, and not have used dilution as a substitute for treatment;
    (C) Provide sufficient information to establish the facility's 
actual average daily flow rate for all wastestreams, based on data from 
a continuous effluent flow monitoring device, as well as the facility's 
long-term average production rate. Both the actual average daily flow 
rate and long-term average production rate must be representative of 
current operating conditions;
    (D) Not have daily flow rates, production levels, or pollutant 
levels that vary so significantly that equivalent mass limits are not 
appropriate to control the Discharge; and
    (E) Have consistently complied with all applicable categorical 
Pretreatment Standards during the period prior to the Industrial User's 
request for equivalent mass limits.
    (ii) An Industrial User subject to equivalent mass limits must:
    (A) Maintain and effectively operate control and treatment 
technologies adequate to achieve compliance with the equivalent mass 
limits;
    (B) Continue to record the facility's flow rates through the use of 
a continuous effluent flow monitoring device;
    (C) Continue to record the facility's production rates and notify 
the Control Authority whenever production rates are expected to vary by 
more than 20 percent from its baseline production rates determined in 
paragraph (c)(5)(i)(C) of this section. Upon notification of a revised 
production rate, the Control Authority must reassess the equivalent mass 
limit and revise the limit as necessary to reflect changed conditions at 
the facility; and
    (D) Continue to employ the same or comparable water conservation 
methods and technologies as those implemented pursuant to paragraph 
(c)(5)(i)(A) of this section so long as it discharges under an 
equivalent mass limit.
    (iii) A Control Authority which chooses to establish equivalent mass 
limits:
    (A) Must calculate the equivalent mass limit by multiplying the 
actual average daily flow rate of the regulated process(es) of the 
Industrial User by the concentration-based daily maximum and monthly 
average Standard for the applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard 
and the appropriate unit conversion factor;
    (B) Upon notification of a revised production rate, must reassess 
the equivalent mass limit and recalculate the limit as necessary to 
reflect changed conditions at the facility; and
    (C) May retain the same equivalent mass limit in subsequent control 
mechanism terms if the Industrial User's actual average daily flow rate 
was reduced solely as a result of the implementation of water 
conservation methods and technologies, and the actual average daily flow 
rates used in the original calculation of the equivalent mass limit were 
not based on the use of dilution as a substitute for treatment pursuant 
to paragraph (d) of this section. The Industrial User must also be

[[Page 18]]

in compliance with Sec. 403.17 (regarding the prohibition of bypass).
    (iv) The Control Authority may not express limits in terms of mass 
for pollutants such as pH, temperature, radiation, or other pollutants 
which cannot appropriately be expressed as mass.
    (6) The Control Authority may convert the mass limits of the 
categorical Pretreatment Standards at 40 CFR parts 414, 419, and 455 to 
concentration limits for purposes of calculating limitations applicable 
to individual Industrial Users under the following conditions. When 
converting such limits to concentration limits, the Control Authority 
must use the concentrations listed in the applicable subparts of 40 CFR 
parts 414, 419, and 455 and document that dilution is not being 
substituted for treatment as prohibited by paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    (7) Equivalent limitations calculated in accordance with paragraphs 
(c)(3), (c)(4), (c)(5) and (c)(6) of this section are deemed 
Pretreatment Standards for the purposes of section 307(d) of the Act and 
this part. The Control Authority must document how the equivalent limits 
were derived and make this information publicly available. Once 
incorporated into its control mechanism, the Industrial User must comply 
with the equivalent limitations in lieu of the promulgated categorical 
standards from which the equivalent limitations were derived.
    (8) Many categorical Pretreatment Standards specify one limit for 
calculating maximum daily discharge limitations and a second limit for 
calculating maximum monthly average, or 4-day average, limitations. 
Where such Standards are being applied, the same production or flow 
figure shall be used in calculating both the average and the maximum 
equivalent limitation.
    (9) Any Industrial User operating under a control mechanism 
incorporating equivalent mass or concentration limits calculated from a 
production based standard shall notify the Control Authority within two 
(2) business days after the User has a reasonable basis to know that the 
production level will significantly change within the next calendar 
month. Any User not notifying the Control Authority of such anticipated 
change will be required to meet the mass or concentration limits in its 
control mechanism that were based on the original estimate of the long 
term average production rate.
    (d) Dilution prohibited as substitute for treatment. Except where 
expressly authorized to do so by an applicable Pretreatment Standard or 
Requirement, no Industrial User shall ever increase the use of process 
water, or in any other way attempt to dilute a Discharge as a partial or 
complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with a 
Pretreatment Standard or Requirement. The Control Authority may impose 
mass limitations on Industrial Users which are using dilution to meet 
applicable Pretreatment Standards or Requirements, or in other cases 
where the imposition of mass limitations is appropriate.
    (e) Combined wastestream formula. Where process effluent is mixed 
prior to treatment with wastewaters other than those generated by the 
regulated process, fixed alternative discharge limits may be derived by 
the Control Authority or by the Industrial User with the written 
concurrence of the Control Authority. These alternative limits shall be 
applied to the mixed effluent. When deriving alternative categorical 
limits, the Control Authority or Industrial User shall calculate both an 
alternative daily maximum value using the daily maximum value(s) 
specified in the appropriate categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) and an 
alternative consecutive sampling day average value using the monthly 
average value(s) specified in the appropriate categorical Pretreatment 
Standard(s). The Industrial User shall comply with the alternative daily 
maximum and monthly average limits fixed by the Control Authority until 
the Control Authority modifies the limits or approves an Industrial User 
modification request. Modification is authorized whenever there is a 
material or significant change in the values used in the calculation to 
fix alternative limits for the regulated pollutant. An Industrial User 
must immediately report any such material or significant change to

[[Page 19]]

the Control Authority. Where appropriate new alternative categorical 
limits shall be calculated within 30 days.
    (1) Alternative limit calculation. For purposes of these formulas, 
the ``average daily flow'' means a reasonable measure of the average 
daily flow for a 30-day period. For new sources, flows shall be 
estimated using projected values. The alternative limit for a specified 
pollutant will be derived by the use of either of the following 
formulas:
    (i) Alternative concentration limit.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC15NO91.012
    
where

CT=the alternative concentration limit for the combined 
wastestream.
Ci=the categorical Pretreatment Standard concentration limit 
for a pollutant in the regulated stream i.
Fi=the average daily flow (at least a 30-day average) of 
stream i to the extent that it is regulated for such pollutant.
FD=the average daily flow (at least a 30-day average) from: 
(a) Boiler blowdown streams, non-contact cooling streams, stormwater 
streams, and demineralizer backwash streams; provided, however, that 
where such streams contain a significant amount of a pollutant, and the 
combination of such streams, prior to treatment, with an Industrial 
User's regulated process wastestream(s) will result in a substantial 
reduction of that pollutant, the Control Authority, upon application of 
the Industrial User, may exercise its discretion to determine whether 
such stream(s) should be classified as diluted or unregulated. In its 
application to the Control Authority, the Industrial User must provide 
engineering, production, sampling and analysis and such other 
information so that the Control Authority can make its determination; or 
(b) sanitary wastestreams where such streams are not regulated by a 
Categorical Pretreatment Standard; or (c) from any process wastestreams 
which were or could have been entirely exempted from categorical 
Pretreatment Standards pursuant to paragraph 8 of the NRDC v. Costle 
Consent Decree (12 ERC 1833) for one or more of the following reasons 
(see appendix D of this part):
    (1) The pollutants of concern are not detectable in the effluent 
from the Industrial User (paragraph (8)(a)(iii));
    (2) The pollutants of concern are present only in trace amounts and 
are neither causing nor likely to cause toxic effects (paragraph 
(8)(a)(iii));
    (3) The pollutants of concern are present in amounts too small to be 
effectively reduced by technologies known to the Administrator 
(paragraph (8)(a)(iii)); or
    (4) The wastestream contains only pollutants which are compatible 
with the POTW (paragraph (8)(b)(i)).
FT=The average daily flow (at least a 30-day average) through 
the combined treatment facility (includes Fi, FD 
and unregulated streams).
N=The total number of regulated streams.

    (ii) Alternative mass limit.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC15NO91.013
    
where

MT=the alternative mass limit for a pollutant in the combined 
wastestream.
Mi=the categorical Pretreatment Standard mass limit for a 
pollutant in the regulated stream i (the categorical pretreatment mass 
limit multiplied by the appropriate measure of production).
Fi=the average flow (at least a 30-day average) of stream i 
to the extent that it is regulated for such pollutant.
FD=the average daily flow (at least a 30-day average) from: 
(a) Boiler blowdown streams, non-contact cooling streams, stormwater 
streams, and demineralizer backwash streams; provided, however, that 
where such streams contain a significant amount of a pollutant, and the 
combination of such streams, prior to treatment, with an Industrial 
User's regulated process wastestream(s) will result in a substantial 
reduction of that pollutant, the Control Authority, upon application of 
the Industrial User, may exercise its discretion to determine whether 
such stream(s) should be classified as diluted or unregulated. In its 
application to the Control Authority, the Industrial User must provide 
engineering, production, sampling and analysis and such other 
information so that the Control Authority can make its determination; or 
(b) sanitary wastestreams where such streams are not regulated by a 
categorical Pretreatment Standard; or (c) from any process wastestreams 
which were or could have been entirely exempted from categorical 
Pretreatment Standards pursuant to paragraph 8 of the NRDC v. Costle 
Consent Decree (12 ERC 1833) for one or more of the

[[Page 20]]

following reasons (see appendix D of this part):
    (1) The pollutants of concern are not detectable in the effluent 
from the Industrial User (paragraph (8)(a)(iii));
    (2) The pollutants of concern are present only in trace amounts and 
are neither causing nor likely to cause toxic effects (paragraph 
(8)(a)(iii));
    (3) The pollutants of concern are present in amounts too small to be 
effectively reduced by technologies known to the Administrator 
(paragraph (8)(a)(iii)); or
    (4) The wastestream contains only pollutants which are compatible 
with the POTW (paragraph (8)(b)(i)).
FT=The average flow (at least a 30-day average) through the 
combined treatment facility (includes Fi, FD and 
unregulated streams).
N=The total number of regulated streams.

    (2) Alternate limits below detection limit. An alternative 
pretreatment limit may not be used if the alternative limit is below the 
analytical detection limit for any of the regulated pollutants.
    (3) Self-monitoring. Self-monitoring required to insure compliance 
with the alternative categorical limit shall be conducted in accordance 
with the requirements of Sec. 403.12(g).
    (4) Choice of monitoring location. Where a treated regulated process 
wastestream is combined prior to treatment with wastewaters other than 
those generated by the regulated process, the Industrial User may 
monitor either the segregated process wastestream or the combined 
wastestream for the purpose of determining compliance with applicable 
Pretreatment Standards. If the Industrial User chooses to monitor the 
segregated process wastestream, it shall apply the applicable 
categorical Pretreatment Standard. If the User chooses to monitor the 
combined wastestream, it shall apply an alternative discharge limit 
calculated using the combined wastestream formula as provided in this 
section. The Industrial User may change monitoring points only after 
receiving approval from the Control Authority. The Control Authority 
shall ensure that any change in an Industrial User's monitoring point(s) 
will not allow the User to substitute dilution for adequate treatment to 
achieve compliance with applicable Standards.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 49 FR 21037, May 17, 1984; 49 
FR 31224, Aug. 3, 1984; 51 FR 20430, June 4, 1986; 51 FR 23760, July 1, 
1986; 53 FR 40610, Oct. 17, 1988; 55 FR 30129, July 24, 1990; 58 FR 
18017, Apr. 7, 1993; 70 FR 60192, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.7  Removal credits.

    (a) Introduction--(1) Definitions. For the purpose of this section:
    (i) Removal means a reduction in the amount of a pollutant in the 
POTW's effluent or alteration of the nature of a pollutant during 
treatment at the POTW. The reduction or alteration can be obtained by 
physical, chemical or biological means and may be the result of 
specifically designed POTW capabilities or may be incidental to the 
operation of the treatment system. Removal as used in this subpart shall 
not mean dilution of a pollutant in the POTW.
    (ii) Sludge requirements shall mean the following statutory 
provisions and regulations or permits issued thereunder (or more 
stringent State or local regulations): Section 405 of the Clean Water 
Act; the Solid Waste Disposal Act (SWDA) (including title II more 
commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA) 
and State regulations contained in any State sludge management plan 
prepared pursuant to subtitle D of SWDA); the Clean Air Act; the Toxic 
Substances Control Act; and the Marine Protection, Research and 
Sanctuaries Act.
    (2) General. Any POTW receiving wastes from an Industrial User to 
which a categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) applies may, at its 
discretion and subject to the conditions of this section, grant removal 
credits to reflect removal by the POTW of pollutants specified in the 
categorical Pretreatment Standard(s). The POTW may grant a removal 
credit equal to or, at its discretion, less than its consistent removal 
rate. Upon being granted a removal credit, each affected Industrial User 
shall calculate its revised discharge limits in accordance with

[[Page 21]]

paragraph (a)(4) of this section. Removal credits may only be given for 
indicator or surrogate pollutants regulated in a categorical 
Pretreatment Standard if the categorical Pretreatment Standard so 
specifies.
    (3) Conditions for authorization to give removal credits. A POTW is 
authorized to give removal credits only if the following conditions are 
met:
    (i) Application. The POTW applies for, and receives, authorization 
from the Approval Authority to give a removal credit in accordance with 
the requirements and procedures specified in paragraph (e) of this 
section.
    (ii) Consistent removal determination. The POTW demonstrates and 
continues to achieve consistent removal of the pollutant in accordance 
with paragraph (b) of this section.
    (iii) POTW local pretreatment program. The POTW has an approved 
pretreatment program in accordance with and to the extent required by 
part 403; provided, however, a POTW which does not have an approved 
pretreatment program may, pending approval of such a program, 
conditionally give credits as provided in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (iv) Sludge requirements. The granting of removal credits will not 
cause the POTW to violate the local, State and Federal Sludge 
Requirements which apply to the sludge management method chosen by the 
POTW. Alternatively, the POTW can demonstrate to the Approval Authority 
that even though it is not presently in compliance with applicable 
Sludge Requirements, it will be in compliance when the Industrial 
User(s) to whom the removal credit would apply is required to meet its 
categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) as modified by the removal credit. 
If granting removal credits forces a POTW to incur greater sludge 
management costs than would be incurred in the absence of granting 
removal credits, the additional sludge management costs will not be 
eligible for EPA grant assistance. Removal credits may be made available 
for the following pollutants.
    (A) For any pollutant listed in appendix G section I of this part 
for the use or disposal practice employed by the POTW, when the 
requirements in 40 CFR part 503 for that practice are met.
    (B) For any pollutant listed in appendix G section II of this part 
for the use or disposal practice employed by the POTW when the 
concentration for a pollutant listed in appendix G section II of this 
part in the sewage sludge that is used or disposed does not exceed the 
concentration for the pollutant in appendix G section II of this part.
    (C) For any pollutant in sewage sludge when the POTW disposes all of 
its sewage sludge in a municipal solid waste landfill unit that meets 
the criteria in 40 CFR part 258.
    (v) NPDES permit limitations. The granting of removal credits will 
not cause a violation of the POTW's permit limitations or conditions. 
Alternatively, the POTW can demonstrate to the Approval Authority that 
even though it is not presently in compliance with applicable 
limitations and conditions in its NPDES permit, it will be in compliance 
when the Industrial User(s) to whom the removal credit would apply is 
required to meet its categorical Pretreatment Standard(s), as modified 
by the removal credit provision.
    (4) Calculation of revised discharge limits. Revised discharge 
limits for a specific pollutant shall be derived by use of the following 
formula:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC15NO91.014

where:

x=pollutant discharge limit specified in the applicable categorical 
Pretreatment Standard
r=removal credit for that pollutant as established under paragraph (b) 
of this section (percentage removal expressed as a proportion, i.e., a 
number between 0 and 1)
y=revised discharge limit for the specified pollutant (expressed in same 
units as x)

    (b) Establishment of removal credits; demonstration of Consistent 
Removal--(1) Definition of Consistent Removal. ``Consistent Removal'' 
shall mean the average of the lowest 50 percent of the removal measured 
according to paragraph (b)(2) of this section. All sample data obtained 
for the measured pollutant during the time period prescribed in 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section must

[[Page 22]]

be reported and used in computing Consistent Removal. If a substance is 
measurable in the influent but not in the effluent, the effluent level 
may be assumed to be the limit of measurement, and those data may be 
used by the POTW at its discretion and subject to approval by the 
Approval Authority. If the substance is not measurable in the influent, 
the date may not be used. Where the number of samples with 
concentrations equal to or above the limit of measurement is between 8 
and 12, the average of the lowest 6 removals shall be used. If there are 
less than 8 samples with concentrations equal to or above the limit of 
measurement, the Approval Authority may approve alternate means for 
demonstrating Consistent Removal. The term ``measurement'' refers to the 
ability of the analytical method or protocol to quantify as well as 
identify the presence of the substance in question.
    (2) Consistent Removal data. Influent and effluent operational data 
demonstrating Consistent Removal or other information, as provided for 
in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, which demonstrates Consistent 
Removal of the pollutants for which discharge limit revisions are 
proposed. This data shall meet the following requirements:
    (i) Representative data; seasonal. The data shall be representative 
of yearly and seasonal conditions to which the POTW is subjected for 
each pollutant for which a discharge limit revision is proposed.
    (ii) Representative data; quality and quantity. The data shall be 
representative of the quality and quantity of normal effluent and 
influent flow if such data can be obtained. If such data are 
unobtainable, alternate data or information may be presented for 
approval to demonstrate Consistent Removal as provided for in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section.
    (iii) Sampling procedures: Composite. (A) The influent and effluent 
operational data shall be obtained through 24-hour flow-proportional 
composite samples. Sampling may be done manually or automatically, and 
discretely or continuously. For discrete sampling, at least 12 aliquots 
shall be composited. Discrete sampling may be flow-proportioned either 
by varying the time interval between each aliquot or the volume of each 
aliquot. All composites must be flow-proportional to each stream flow at 
time of collection of influent aliquot or to the total influent flow 
since the previous influent aliquot. Volatile pollutant aliquots must be 
combined in the laboratory immediately before analysis.
    (B)(1) Twelve samples shall be taken at approximately equal 
intervals throughout one full year. Sampling must be evenly distributed 
over the days of the week so as to include no-workdays as well as 
workdays. If the Approval Authority determines that this schedule will 
not be most representative of the actual operation of the POTW Treatment 
Plant, an alternative sampling schedule will be approved.
    (2) In addition, upon the Approval Authority's concurrence, a POTW 
may utilize an historical data base amassed prior to the effective data 
of this section provide that such data otherwise meet the requirements 
of this paragraph. In order for the historical data base to be approved 
it must present a statistically valid description of daily, weekly and 
seasonal sewage treatment plant loadings and performance for at least 
one year.
    (C) Effluent sample collection need not be delayed to compensate for 
hydraulic detention unless the POTW elects to include detention time 
compensation or unless the Approval Authority requires detention time 
compensation. The Approval Authority may require that each effluent 
sample be taken approximately one detention time later than the 
corresponding influent sample when failure to do so would result in an 
unrepresentative portrayal of actual POTW operation. The detention 
period is to be based on a 24-hour average daily flow value. The average 
daily flow used will be based upon the average of the daily flows during 
the same month of the previous year.
    (iv) Sampling procedures: Grab. Where composite sampling is not an 
appropriate sampling technique, a grab sample(s) shall be taken to 
obtain influent and effluent operational data. Collection of influent 
grab samples should precede collection of effluent samples

[[Page 23]]

by approximately one detention period. The detention period is to be 
based on a 24-hour average daily flow value. The average daily flow used 
will be based upon the average of the daily flows during the same month 
of the previous year. Grab samples will be required, for example, where 
the parameters being evaluated are those, such as cyanide and phenol, 
which may not be held for any extended period because of biological, 
chemical or physical interactions which take place after sample 
collection and affect the results. A grab sample is an individual sample 
collected over a period of time not exceeding 15 minutes.
    (v) Analytical methods. The sampling referred to in paragraphs 
(b)(2) (i) through (iv) of this section and an analysis of these samples 
shall be performed in accordance with the techniques prescribed in 40 
CFR part 136 and amendments thereto. Where 40 CFR part 136 does not 
contain sampling or analytical techniques for the pollutant in question, 
or where the Administrator determines that the part 136 sampling and 
analytical techniques are inappropriate for the pollutant in question, 
sampling and analysis shall be performed using validated analytical 
methods or any other applicable sampling and analytical procedures, 
including procedures suggested by the POTW or other parties, approved by 
the Administrator.
    (vi) Calculation of removal. All data acquired under the provisions 
of this section must be submitted to the Approval Authority. Removal for 
a specific pollutant shall be determined either, for each sample, by 
measuring the difference between the concentrations of the pollutant in 
the influent and effluent of the POTW and expressing the difference as a 
percent of the influent concentration, or, where such data cannot be 
obtained, Removal may be demonstrated using other data or procedures 
subject to concurrence by the Approval Authority as provided for in 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (c) Provisional credits. For pollutants which are not being 
discharged currently (i.e., new or modified facilities, or production 
changes) the POTW may apply for authorization to give removal credits 
prior to the initial discharge of the pollutant. Consistent removal 
shall be based provisionally on data from treatability studies or 
demonstrated removal at other treatment facilities where the quality and 
quantity of influent are similar. Within 18 months after the 
commencement of discharge of pollutants in question, consistent removal 
must be demonstrated pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (b) of 
this section. If, within 18 months after the commencement of the 
discharge of the pollutant in question, the POTW cannot demonstrate 
consistent removal pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (b) of this 
section, the authority to grant provisional removal credits shall be 
terminated by the Approval Authority and all Industrial Users to whom 
the revised discharge limits had been applied shall achieve compliance 
with the applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) within a 
reasonable time, not to exceed the period of time prescribed in the 
applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard(s), as may be specified by 
the Approval Authority.
    (d) Exception to POTW Pretreatment Program Requirement. A POTW 
required to develop a local pretreatment program by Sec. 403.8 may 
conditionally give removal credits pending approval of such a program in 
accordance with the following terms and conditions:
    (1) All Industrial Users who are currently subject to a categorical 
Pretreatment Standard and who wish conditionally to receive a removal 
credit must submit to the POTW the information required in Sec. 
403.12(b)(1) through (7) (except new or modified industrial users must 
only submit the information required by Sec. 403.12(b)(1) through (6)), 
pertaining to the categorical Pretreatment Standard as modified by the 
removal credit. The Industrial Users shall indicate what additional 
technology, if any, will be needed to comply with the categorical 
Pretreatment Standard(s) as modified by the removal credit;
    (2) The POTW must have submitted to the Approval Authority an 
application for pretreatment program approval meeting the requirements 
of Sec. Sec. 403.8 and 403.9 in a timely manner, not to exceed the time 
limitation set

[[Page 24]]

forth in a compliance schedule for development of a pretreatment program 
included in the POTW's NPDES permit, but in no case later than July 1, 
1983, where no permit deadline exists;
    (3) The POTW must:
    (i) Compile and submit data demonstrating its consistent removal in 
accordance with paragraph (b) of this section;
    (ii) Comply with the conditions specified in paragraph (a)(3) of 
this section; and
    (iii) Submit a complete application for removal credit authority in 
accordance with paragraph (e) of this section;
    (4) If a POTW receives authority to grant conditional removal 
credits and the Approval Authority subsequently makes a final 
determination, after appropriate notice, that the POTW failed to comply 
with the conditions in paragraphs (d)(2) and (3) of this section, the 
authority to grant conditional removal credits shall be terminated by 
the Approval Authority and all Industrial Users to whom the revised 
discharge limits had been applied shall achieve compliance with the 
applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) within a reasonable 
time, not to exceed the period of time prescribed in the applicable 
categorical Pretreatment Standard(s), as may be specified by the 
Approval Authority.
    (5) If a POTW grants conditional removal credits and the POTW or the 
Approval Authority subsequently makes a final determination, after 
appropriate notice, that the Industrial User(s) failed to comply with 
the conditions in paragraph (d)(1) of this section, the conditional 
credit shall be terminated by the POTW or the Approval Authority for the 
non-complying Industrial User(s) and the Industrial User(s) to whom the 
revised discharge limits had been applied shall achieve compliance with 
the applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) within a reasonable 
time, not to exceed the period of time prescribed in the applicable 
categorical Pretreatment Standard(s), as may be specified by the 
Approval Authority. The conditional credit shall not be terminated where 
a violation of the provisions of this paragraph results from causes 
entirely outside of the control of the Industrial User(s) or the 
Industrial User(s) had demonstrated substantial compliance.
    (6) The Approval Authority may elect not to review an application 
for conditional removal credit authority upon receipt of such 
application, in which case the conditionally revised discharge limits 
will remain in effect until reviewed by the Approval Authority. This 
review may occur at any time in accordance with the procedures of Sec. 
403.11, but in no event later than the time of any pretreatment program 
approval or any NPDES permit reissuance thereunder.
    (e) POTW application for authorization to give removal credits and 
Approval Authority review--(1) Who must apply. Any POTW that wants to 
give a removal credit must apply for authorization from the Approval 
Authority.
    (2) To whom application is made. An application for authorization to 
give removal credits (or modify existing ones) shall be submitted by the 
POTW to the Approval Authority.
    (3) When to apply. A POTW may apply for authorization to give or 
modify removal credits at any time.
    (4) Contents of the application. An application for authorization to 
give removal credits must be supported by the following information:
    (i) List of pollutants. A list of pollutants for which removal 
credits are proposed.
    (ii) Consistent Removal data. The data required pursuant to 
paragraph (b) of this section.
    (iii) Calculation of revised discharge limits. Proposed revised 
discharge limits for each affected subcategory of Industrial Users 
calculated in accordance with paragraph (a)(4) of this section.
    (iv) Local Pretreatment Program Certification. A certification that 
the POTW has an approved local pretreatment program or qualifies for the 
exception to this requirement found at paragraph (d) of this section.
    (v) Sludge management certification. A specific description of the 
POTW's current methods of using or disposing of its sludge and a 
certification that the granting of removal credits will not cause a 
violation of the sludge requirements identified in paragraph (a)(3)(iv) 
of this section.

[[Page 25]]

    (vi) NPDES permit limit certification. A certification that the 
granting of removal credits will not cause a violation of the POTW's 
NPDES permit limits and conditions as required in paragraph (a)(3)(v) of 
this section.
    (5) Approval Authority review. The Approval Authority shall review 
the POTW's application for authorization to give or modify removal 
credits in accordance with the procedures of Sec. 403.11 and shall, in 
no event, have more that 180 days from public notice of an application 
to complete review.
    (6) EPA review of State removal credit approvals. Where the NPDES 
State has an approved pretreatment program, the Regional Administrator 
may agree in the Memorandum of Agreement under 40 CFR 123.24(d) to waive 
the right to review and object to submissions for authority to grant 
removal credits. Such an agreement shall not restrict the Regional 
Administrator's right to comment upon or object to permits issued to 
POTW's except to the extent 40 CFR 123.24(d) allows such restriction.
    (7) Nothing in these regulations precludes an Industrial User or 
other interested party from assisting the POTW in preparing and 
presenting the information necessary to apply for authorization.
    (f) Continuation and withdrawal of authorization--(1) Effect of 
authorization. (i) Once a POTW has received authorization to grant 
removal credits for a particular pollutant regulated in a categorical 
Pretreatment Standard it may automatically extend that removal credit to 
the same pollutant when it is regulated in other categorical standards, 
unless granting the removal credit will cause the POTW to violate the 
sludge requirements identified in paragraph (a)(3)(iv) of this section 
or its NPDES permit limits and conditions as required by paragraph 
(a)(3)(v) of this section. If a POTW elects at a later time to extend 
removal credits to a certain categorical Pretreatment Standard, 
industrial subcategory or one or more Industrial Users that initially 
were not granted removal credits, it must notify the Approval Authority.
    (2) Inclusion in POTW permit. Once authority is granted, the removal 
credits shall be included in the POTW's NPDES Permit as soon as possible 
and shall become an enforceable requirement of the POTW's NPDES permit. 
The removal credits will remain in effect for the term of the POTW's 
NPDES permit, provided the POTW maintains compliance with the conditions 
specified in paragraph (f)(4) of this section.
    (3) Compliance monitoring. Following authorization to give removal 
credits, a POTW shall continue to monitor and report on (at such 
intervals as may be specified by the Approval Authority, but in no case 
less than once per year) the POTW's removal capabilities. A minimum of 
one representative sample per month during the reporting period is 
required, and all sampling data must be included in the POTW's 
compliance report.
    (4) Modification or withdrawal of removal credits--(i) Notice of 
POTW. The Approval Authority shall notify the POTW if, on the basis of 
pollutant removal capability reports received pursuant to paragraph 
(f)(3) of this section or other relevant information available to it, 
the Approval Authority determines:
    (A) That one or more of the discharge limit revisions made by the 
POTW, of the POTW itself, no longer meets the requirements of this 
section, or
    (B) That such discharge limit revisions are causing a violation of 
any conditions or limits contained in the POTW's NPDES Permit.
    (ii) Corrective action. If appropriate corrective action is not 
taken within a reasonable time, not to exceed 60 days unless the POTW or 
the affected Industrial Users demonstrate that a longer time period is 
reasonably necessary to undertake the appropriate corrective action, the 
Approval Authority shall either withdraw such discharge limits or 
require modifications in the revised discharge limits.
    (iii) Public notice of withdrawal or modification. The Approval 
Authority shall not withdraw or modify revised discharge limits unless 
it shall first have notified the POTW and all Industrial Users to whom 
revised discharge limits have been applied, and made public, in writing, 
the reasons for such

[[Page 26]]

withdrawal or modification, and an opportunity is provided for a 
hearing. Following such notice and withdrawal or modification, all 
Industrial Users to whom revised discharge limits had been applied, 
shall be subject to the modified discharge limits or the discharge 
limits prescribed in the applicable categorical Pretreatment Standards, 
as appropriate, and shall achieve compliance with such limits within a 
reasonable time (not to exceed the period of time prescribed in the 
applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard(s) as may be specified by 
the Approval Authority.
    (g) Removal credits in State-run pretreatment programs under Sec. 
403.10(e). Where an NPDES State with an approved pretreatment program 
elects to implement a local pretreatment program in lieu or requiring 
the POTW to develop such a program (as provided in Sec. 403.10(e)), the 
POTW will not be required to develop a pretreatment program as a 
precondition to obtaining authorization to give removal credits. The 
POTW will, however, be required to comply with the other conditions of 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section.
    (h) Compensation for overflow. ``Overflow'' means the intentional or 
unintentional diversion of flow from the POTW before the POTW Treatment 
Plant. POTWs which at least once annually Overflow untreated wastewater 
to receiving waters may claim Consistent Removal of a pollutant only by 
complying with either paragraphs (h)(1) or (h)(2) of this section. 
However, paragraph (h) of this section shall not apply where Industrial 
User(s) can demonstrate that Overflow does not occur between the 
Industrial User(s) and the POTW Treatment Plant;
    (1) The Industrial User provides containment or otherwise ceases or 
reduces Discharges from the regulated processes which contain the 
pollutant for which an allowance is requested during all circumstances 
in which an Overflow event can reasonably be expected to occur at the 
POTW or at a sewer to which the Industrial User is connected. Discharges 
must cease or be reduced, or pretreatment must be increased, to the 
extent necessary to compensate for the removal not being provided by the 
POTW. Allowances under this provision will only be granted where the 
POTW submits to the Approval Authority evidence that:
    (i) All Industrial Users to which the POTW proposes to apply this 
provision have demonstrated the ability to contain or otherwise cease or 
reduce, during circumstances in which an Overflow event can reasonably 
be expected to occur, Discharges from the regulated processes which 
contain pollutants for which an allowance is requested;
    (ii) The POTW has identified circumstances in which an Overflow 
event can reasonably be expected to occur, and has a notification or 
other viable plan to insure that Industrial Users will learn of an 
impending Overflow in sufficient time to contain, cease or reduce 
Discharging to prevent untreated Overflows from occurring. The POTW must 
also demonstrate that it will monitor and verify the data required in 
paragraph (h)(1)(iii) of this section, to insure that Industrial Users 
are containing, ceasing or reducing operations during POTW System 
Overflow; and
    (iii) All Industrial Users to which the POTW proposes to apply this 
provision have demonstrated the ability and commitment to collect and 
make available, upon request by the POTW, State Director or EPA Regional 
Administrator, daily flow reports or other data sufficient to 
demonstrate that all Discharges from regulated processes containing the 
pollutant for which the allowance is requested were contained, reduced 
or otherwise ceased, as appropriate, during all circumstances in which 
an Overflow event was reasonably expected to occur; or
    (2)(i) The Consistent Removal claimed is reduced pursuant to the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR14OC05.000

Where:
rm = POTW's Consistent Removal rate for that pollutant as 
established under paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(2) of this section
rc = removal corrected by the Overflow factor
Z = hours per year that Overflows occurred between the Industrial 
User(s) and the POTW Treatment Plant, the hours either to be shown in 
the POTW's current NPDES permit application or the hours, as 
demonstrated by verifiable techniques, that a

[[Page 27]]

particular Industrial User's Discharge Overflows between the Industrial 
User and the POTW Treatment Plant; and

    (ii) The POTW is complying with all NPDES permit requirements and 
any additional requirements in any order or decree, issued pursuant to 
the Clean Water Act affecting combined sewer overflows. These 
requirements include, but are not limited to, any combined sewer 
overflow requirements that conform to the Combined Sewer Overflow 
Control Policy.

[49 FR 31221, Aug. 3, 1984, as amended at 51 FR 20430, June 4, 1986; 53 
FR 42435, Nov. 5, 1987; 58 FR 9386, Feb. 19, 1993; 58 FR 18017, Apr. 7, 
1993; 70 FR 60193, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.8  Pretreatment Program Requirements: Development and 
Implementation by POTW.

    (a) POTWs required to develop a pretreatment program. Any POTW (or 
combination of POTWs operated by the same authority) with a total design 
flow greater than 5 million gallons per day (mgd) and receiving from 
Industrial Users pollutants which Pass Through or Interfere with the 
operation of the POTW or are otherwise subject to Pretreatment Standards 
will be required to establish a POTW Pretreatment Program unless the 
NPDES State exercises its option to assume local responsibilities as 
provided for in Sec. 403.10(e). The Regional Administrator or Director 
may require that a POTW with a design flow of 5 mgd or less develop a 
POTW Pretreatment Program if he or she finds that the nature or volume 
of the industrial influent, treatment process upsets, violations of POTW 
effluent limitations, contamination of municipal sludge, or other 
circumstances warrant in order to prevent Interference with the POTW or 
Pass Through.
    (b) Deadline for Program Approval. A POTW which meets the criteria 
of paragraph (a) of this section must receive approval of a POTW 
Pretreatment Program no later than 3 years after the reissuance or 
modification of its existing NPDES permit but in no case later than July 
1, 1983. POTWs whose NPDES permits are modified under section 301(h) of 
the Act shall have a Pretreatment Program within three (3) years as 
provided for in 40 CFR part 125, subpart G. POTWs identified after July 
1, 1983 as being required to develop a POTW Pretreatment Program under 
paragraph (a) of this section shall develop and submit such a program 
for approval as soon as possible, but in no case later than one year 
after written notification from the Approval Authority of such 
identification. The POTW Pretreatment Program shall meet the criteria 
set forth in paragraph (f) of this section and shall be administered by 
the POTW to ensure compliance by Industrial Users with applicable 
Pretreatment Standards and Requirements.
    (c) Incorporation of approved programs in permits. A POTW may 
develop an appropriate POTW Pretreatment Program any time before the 
time limit set forth in paragraph (b) of this section. The POTW's NPDES 
Permit will be reissued or modified by the NPDES State or EPA to 
incorporate the approved Program as enforceable conditions of the 
Permit. The modification of a POTW's NPDES Permit for the purposes of 
incorporating a POTW Pretreatment Program approved in accordance with 
the procedure in Sec. 403.11 shall be deemed a minor Permit 
modification subject to the procedures in 40 CFR 122.63.
    (d) Incorporation of compliance schedules in permits. [Reserved]
    (e) Cause for reissuance or modification of Permits. Under the 
authority of section 402(b)(1)(C) of the Act, the Approval Authority may 
modify, or alternatively, revoke and reissue a POTW's Permit in order 
to:
    (1) Put the POTW on a compliance schedule for the development of a 
POTW Pretreatment Program where the addition of pollutants into a POTW 
by an Industrial User or combination of Industrial Users presents a 
substantial hazard to the functioning of the treatment works, quality of 
the receiving waters, human health, or the environment;
    (2) Coordinate the issuance of a section 201 construction grant with 
the incorporation into a permit of a compliance schedule for POTW 
Pretreatment Program;

[[Page 28]]

    (3) Incorporate a modification of the permit approved under section 
301(h) or 301(i) of the Act;
    (4) Incorporate an approved POTW Pretreatment Program in the POTW 
permit; or
    (5) Incorporate a compliance schedule for the development of a POTW 
pretreatment program in the POTW permit.
    (6) Incorporate the removal credits (established under Sec. 403.7) 
in the POTW permit.
    (f) POTW pretreatment requirements. A POTW pretreatment program must 
be based on the following legal authority and include the following 
procedures. These authorities and procedures shall at all times be fully 
and effectively exercised and implemented.
    (1) Legal authority. The POTW shall operate pursuant to legal 
authority enforceable in Federal, State or local courts, which 
authorizes or enables the POTW to apply and to enforce the requirements 
of sections 307 (b) and (c), and 402(b)(8) of the Act and any 
regulations implementing those sections. Such authority may be contained 
in a statute, ordinance, or series of contracts or joint powers 
agreements which the POTW is authorized to enact, enter into or 
implement, and which are authorized by State law. At a minimum, this 
legal authority shall enable the POTW to:
    (i) Deny or condition new or increased contributions of pollutants, 
or changes in the nature of pollutants, to the POTW by Industrial Users 
where such contributions do not meet applicable Pretreatment Standards 
and Requirements or where such contributions would cause the POTW to 
violate its NPDES permit;
    (ii) Require compliance with applicable Pretreatment Standards and 
Requirements by Industrial Users;
    (iii) Control through Permit, order, or similar means, the 
contribution to the POTW by each Industrial User to ensure compliance 
with applicable Pretreatment Standards and Requirements. In the case of 
Industrial Users identified as significant under Sec. 403.3(v), this 
control shall be achieved through individual permits or equivalent 
individual control mechanisms issued to each such User except as 
follows.
    (A)(1) At the discretion of the POTW, this control may include use 
of general control mechanisms if the following conditions are met. All 
of the facilities to be covered must:
    (i) Involve the same or substantially similar types of operations;
    (ii) Discharge the same types of wastes;
    (iii) Require the same effluent limitations;
    (iv) Require the same or similar monitoring; and
    (v) In the opinion of the POTW, are more appropriately controlled 
under a general control mechanism than under individual control 
mechanisms.
    (2) To be covered by the general control mechanism, the Significant 
Industrial User must file a written request for coverage that identifies 
its contact information, production processes, the types of wastes 
generated, the location for monitoring all wastes covered by the general 
control mechanism, any requests in accordance with Sec. 403.12(e)(2) 
for a monitoring waiver for a pollutant neither present nor expected to 
be present in the Discharge, and any other information the POTW deems 
appropriate. A monitoring waiver for a pollutant neither present nor 
expected to be present in the Discharge is not effective in the general 
control mechanism until after the POTW has provided written notice to 
the Significant Industrial User that such a waiver request has been 
granted in accordance with Sec. 403.12(e)(2). The POTW must retain a 
copy of the general control mechanism, documentation to support the 
POTW's determination that a specific Significant Industrial User meets 
the criteria in paragraphs (f)(1)(iii)(A)(1) through (5) of this 
section, and a copy of the User's written request for coverage for 3 
years after the expiration of the general control mechanism. A POTW may 
not control a Significant Industrial User through a general control 
mechanism where the facility is subject to production-based categorical 
Pretreatment Standards or categorical Pretreatment Standards expressed 
as mass of pollutant discharged per day or for Industrial Users whose 
limits are based on the Combined Wastestream Formula or Net/Gross 
calculations (Sec. Sec. 403.6(e) and 403.15).

[[Page 29]]

    (B) Both individual and general control mechanisms must be 
enforceable and contain, at a minimum, the following conditions:
    (1) Statement of duration (in no case more than five years);
    (2) Statement of non-transferability without, at a minimum, prior 
notification to the POTW and provision of a copy of the existing control 
mechanism to the new owner or operator;
    (3) Effluent limits, including Best Management Practices, based on 
applicable general Pretreatment Standards in part 403 of this chapter, 
categorical Pretreatment Standards, local limits, and State and local 
law;
    (4) Self-monitoring, sampling, reporting, notification and 
recordkeeping requirements, including an identification of the 
pollutants to be monitored (including the process for seeking a waiver 
for a pollutant neither present nor expected to be present in the 
Discharge in accordance with Sec. 403.12(e)(2), or a specific waived 
pollutant in the case of an individual control mechanism), sampling 
location, sampling frequency, and sample type, based on the applicable 
general Pretreatment Standards in part 403 of this chapter, categorical 
Pretreatment Standards, local limits, and State and local law;
    (5) Statement of applicable civil and criminal penalties for 
violation of Pretreatment Standards and requirements, and any applicable 
compliance schedule. Such schedules may not extend the compliance date 
beyond applicable federal deadlines;
    (6) Requirements to control Slug Discharges, if determined by the 
POTW to be necessary.
    (iv) Require (A) the development of a compliance schedule by each 
Industrial User for the installation of technology required to meet 
applicable Pretreatment Standards and Requirements and (B) the 
submission of all notices and self-monitoring reports from Industrial 
Users as are necessary to assess and assure compliance by Industrial 
Users with Pretreatment Standards and Requirements, including but not 
limited to the reports required in Sec. 403.12.
    (v) Carry out all inspection, surveillance and monitoring procedures 
necessary to determine, independent of information supplied by 
Industrial Users, compliance or noncompliance with applicable 
Pretreatment Standards and Requirements by Industrial Users. 
Representatives of the POTW shall be authorized to enter any premises of 
any Industrial User in which a Discharge source or treatment system is 
located or in which records are required to be kept under Sec. 
403.12(o) to assure compliance with Pretreatment Standards. Such 
authority shall be at least as extensive as the authority provided under 
section 308 of the Act;
    (vi)(A) Obtain remedies for noncompliance by any Industrial User 
with any Pretreatment Standard and Requirement. All POTW's shall be able 
to seek injunctive relief for noncompliance by Industrial Users with 
Pretreatment Standards and Requirements. All POTWs shall also have 
authority to seek or assess civil or criminal penalties in at least the 
amount of $1,000 a day for each violation by Industrial Users of 
Pretreatment Standards and Requirements.
    (B) Pretreatment requirements which will be enforced through the 
remedies set forth in paragraph (f)(1)(vi)(A) of this section, will 
include but not be limited to, the duty to allow or carry out 
inspections, entry, or monitoring activities; any rules, regulations, or 
orders issued by the POTW; any requirements set forth in control 
mechanisms issued by the POTW; or any reporting requirements imposed by 
the POTW or these regulations in this part. The POTW shall have 
authority and procedures (after informal notice to the discharger) 
immediately and effectively to halt or prevent any discharge of 
pollutants to the POTW which reasonably appears to present an imminent 
endangerment to the health or welfare of persons. The POTW shall also 
have authority and procedures (which shall include notice to the 
affected industrial users and an opportunity to respond) to halt or 
prevent any discharge to the POTW which presents or may present an 
endangerment to the environment or which threatens to interfere with the 
operation of the POTW. The Approval Authority shall have authority to 
seek judicial relief and may also use administrative penalty authority 
when the POTW has sought a

[[Page 30]]

monetary penalty which the Approval Authority believes to be 
insufficient.
    (vii) Comply with the confidentiality requirements set forth in 
Sec. 403.14.
    (2) Procedures. The POTW shall develop and implement procedures to 
ensure compliance with the requirements of a Pretreatment Program. At a 
minimum, these procedures shall enable the POTW to:
    (i) Identify and locate all possible Industrial Users which might be 
subject to the POTW Pretreatment Program. Any compilation, index or 
inventory of Industrial Users made under this paragraph shall be made 
available to the Regional Administrator or Director upon request;
    (ii) Identify the character and volume of pollutants contributed to 
the POTW by the Industrial Users identified under paragraph (f)(2)(i) of 
this section. This information shall be made available to the Regional 
Administrator or Director upon request;
    (iii) Notify Industrial Users identified under paragraph (f)(2)(i) 
of this section, of applicable Pretreatment Standards and any applicable 
requirements under sections 204(b) and 405 of the Act and subtitles C 
and D of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Within 30 days of 
approval pursuant to 40 CFR 403.8(f)(6), of a list of significant 
industrial users, notify each significant industrial user of its status 
as such and of all requirements applicable to it as a result of such 
status.
    (iv) Receive and analyze self-monitoring reports and other notices 
submitted by Industrial Users in accordance with the self-monitoring 
requirements in Sec. 403.12;
    (v) Randomly sample and analyze the effluent from Industrial Users 
and conduct surveillance activities in order to identify, independent of 
information supplied by Industrial Users, occasional and continuing 
noncompliance with Pretreatment Standards. Inspect and sample the 
effluent from each Significant Industrial User at least once a year, 
except as otherwise specified below:
    (A) Where the POTW has authorized the Industrial User subject to a 
categorical Pretreatment Standard to forego sampling of a pollutant 
regulated by a categorical Pretreatment Standard in accordance with 
Sec. 403.12(e)(3), the POTW must sample for the waived pollutant(s) at 
least once during the term of the Categorical Industrial User's control 
mechanism. In the event that the POTW subsequently determines that a 
waived pollutant is present or is expected to be present in the 
Industrial User's wastewater based on changes that occur in the User's 
operations, the POTW must immediately begin at least annual effluent 
monitoring of the User's Discharge and inspection.
    (B) Where the POTW has determined that an Industrial User meets the 
criteria for classification as a Non-Significant Categorical Industrial 
User, the POTW must evaluate, at least once per year, whether an 
Industrial User continues to meet the criteria in Sec. 403.3(v)(2).
    (C) In the case of Industrial Users subject to reduced reporting 
requirements under Sec. 403.12(e)(3), the POTW must randomly sample and 
analyze the effluent from Industrial Users and conduct inspections at 
least once every two years. If the Industrial User no longer meets the 
conditions for reduced reporting in Sec. 403.12(e)(3), the POTW must 
immediately begin sampling and inspecting the Industrial User at least 
once a year.
    (vi) Evaluate whether each such Significant Industrial User needs a 
plan or other action to control Slug Discharges. For Industrial Users 
identified as significant prior to November 14, 2005, this evaluation 
must have been conducted at least once by October 14, 2006; additional 
Significant Industrial Users must be evaluated within 1 year of being 
designated a Significant Industrial User. For purposes of this 
subsection, a Slug Discharge is any Discharge of a non-routine, episodic 
nature, including but not limited to an accidental spill or a non-
customary batch Discharge, which has a reasonable potential to cause 
Interference or Pass Through, or in any other way violate the POTW's 
regulations, local limits or Permit conditions. The results of such 
activities shall be available to the Approval Authority upon request. 
Significant Industrial Users are required to notify the POTW immediately 
of

[[Page 31]]

any changes at its facility affecting potential for a Slug Discharge. If 
the POTW decides that a slug control plan is needed, the plan shall 
contain, at a minimum, the following elements:
    (A) Description of discharge practices, including non-routine batch 
Discharges;
    (B) Description of stored chemicals;
    (C) Procedures for immediately notifying the POTW of Slug 
Discharges, including any Discharge that would violate a prohibition 
under Sec. 403.5(b) with procedures for follow-up written notification 
within five days;
    (D) If necessary, procedures to prevent adverse impact from 
accidental spills, including inspection and maintenance of storage 
areas, handling and transfer of materials, loading and unloading 
operations, control of plant site run-off, worker training, building of 
containment structures or equipment, measures for containing toxic 
organic pollutants (including solvents), and/or measures and equipment 
for emergency response;
    (vii) Investigate instances of noncompliance with Pretreatment 
Standards and Requirements, as indicated in the reports and notices 
required under Sec. 403.12, or indicated by analysis, inspection, and 
surveillance activities described in paragraph (f)(2)(v) of this 
section. Sample taking and analysis and the collection of other 
information shall be performed with sufficient care to produce evidence 
admissible in enforcement proceedings or in judicial actions; and
    (viii) Comply with the public participation requirements of 40 CFR 
part 25 in the enforcement of National Pretreatment Standards. These 
procedures shall include provision for at least annual public 
notification in a newspaper(s) of general circulation that provides 
meaningful public notice within the jurisdiction(s) served by the POTW 
of Industrial Users which, at any time during the previous 12 months, 
were in significant noncompliance with applicable Pretreatment 
requirements. For the purposes of this provision, a Significant 
Industrial User (or any Industrial User which violates paragraphs 
(f)(2)(viii)(C), (D), or (H) of this section) is in significant 
noncompliance if its violation meets one or more of the following 
criteria:
    (A) Chronic violations of wastewater Discharge limits, defined here 
as those in which 66 percent or more of all of the measurements taken 
for the same pollutant parameter during a 6-month period exceed (by any 
magnitude) a numeric Pretreatment Standard or Requirement, including 
instantaneous limits, as defined by 40 CFR 403.3(l);
    (B) Technical Review Criteria (TRC) violations, defined here as 
those in which 33 percent or more of all of the measurements taken for 
the same pollutant parameter during a 6-month period equal or exceed the 
product of the numeric Pretreatment Standard or Requirement including 
instantaneous limits, as defined by 40 CFR 403.3(l) multiplied by the 
applicable TRC (TRC=1.4 for BOD, TSS, fats, oil, and grease, and 1.2 for 
all other pollutants except pH);
    (C) Any other violation of a Pretreatment Standard or Requirement as 
defined by 40 CFR 403.3(l) (daily maximum, long-term average, 
instantaneous limit, or narrative Standard) that the POTW determines has 
caused, alone or in combination with other Discharges, Interference or 
Pass Through (including endangering the health of POTW personnel or the 
general public);
    (D) Any discharge of a pollutant that has caused imminent 
endangerment to human health, welfare or to the environment or has 
resulted in the POTW's exercise of its emergency authority under 
paragraph (f)(1)(vi)(B) of this section to halt or prevent such a 
discharge;
    (E) Failure to meet, within 90 days after the schedule date, a 
compliance schedule milestone contained in a local control mechanism or 
enforcement order for starting construction, completing construction, or 
attaining final compliance;
    (F) Failure to provide, within 45 days after the due date, required 
reports such as baseline monitoring reports, 90-day compliance reports, 
periodic self-monitoring reports, and reports on compliance with 
compliance schedules;
    (G) Failure to accurately report noncompliance;

[[Page 32]]

    (H) Any other violation or group of violations, which may include a 
violation of Best Management Practices, which the POTW determines will 
adversely affect the operation or implementation of the local 
Pretreatment program.
    (3) Funding. The POTW shall have sufficient resources and qualified 
personnel to carry out the authorities and procedures described in 
paragraphs (f) (1) and (2) of this section. In some limited 
circumstances, funding and personnel may be delayed where (i) the POTW 
has adequate legal authority and procedures to carry out the 
Pretreatment Program requirements described in this section, and (ii) a 
limited aspect of the Program does not need to be implemented 
immediately (see Sec. 403.9(b)).
    (4) Local limits. The POTW shall develop local limits as required in 
Sec. 403.5(c)(1), or demonstrate that they are not necessary.
    (5) The POTW shall develop and implement an enforcement response 
plan. This plan shall contain detailed procedures indicating how a POTW 
will investigate and respond to instances of industrial user 
noncompliance. The plan shall, at a minimum:
    (i) Describe how the POTW will investigate instances of 
noncompliance;
    (ii) Describe the types of escalating enforcement responses the POTW 
will take in response to all anticipated types of industrial user 
violations and the time periods within which responses will take place;
    (iii) Identify (by title) the official(s) responsible for each type 
of response;
    (iv) Adequately reflect the POTW's primary responsibility to enforce 
all applicable pretreatment requirements and standards, as detailed in 
40 CFR 403.8 (f)(1) and (f)(2).
    (6) The POTW shall prepare and maintain a list of its Industrial 
Users meeting the criteria in Sec. 403.3(v)(1). The list shall identify 
the criteria in Sec. 403.3(v)(1) applicable to each Industrial User 
and, where applicable, shall also indicate whether the POTW has made a 
determination pursuant to Sec. 403.3(v)(2) that such Industrial User 
should not be considered a Significant Industrial User. The initial list 
shall be submitted to the Approval Authority pursuant to Sec. 403.9 or 
as a non-substantial modification pursuant to Sec. 403.18(d). 
Modifications to the list shall be submitted to the Approval Authority 
pursuant to Sec. 403.12(i)(1).
    (g) A POTW that chooses to receive electronic documents must satisfy 
the requirements of 40 CFR Part 3--(Electronic reporting).

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 49 FR 31224, Aug. 3, 1984; 51 
FR 20429, 20430, June 4, 1986; 51 FR 23759, July 1, 1986; 53 FR 40612, 
Oct. 17, 1988; 55 FR 30129, July 24, 1990; 58 FR 18017, Apr. 7, 1993; 60 
FR 33932, June 29, 1995; 62 FR 38414, July 17, 1997; 70 FR 59889, Oct. 
13, 2005; 70 FR 60193, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.9  POTW pretreatment programs and/or authorization to revise 
pretreatment standards: Submission for approval.

    (a) Who approves Program. A POTW requesting approval of a POTW 
Pretreatment Program shall develop a program description which includes 
the information set forth in paragraphs (b)(1) through (4) of this 
section. This description shall be submitted to the Approval Authority 
which will make a determination on the request for program approval in 
accordance with the procedures described in Sec. 403.11.
    (b) Contents of POTW program submission. The program description 
must contain the following information:
    (1) A statement from the City Solicitor or a city official acting in 
a comparable capacity (or the attorney for those POTWs which have 
independent legal counsel) that the POTW has authority adequate to carry 
out the programs described in Sec. 403.8. This statement shall:
    (i) Identify the provision of the legal authority under Sec. 
403.8(f)(1) which provides the basis for each procedure under Sec. 
403.8(f)(2);
    (ii) Identify the manner in which the POTW will implement the 
program requirements set forth in Sec. 403.8, including the means by 
which Pretreatment Standards will be applied to individual Industrial 
Users (e.g., by order, permit, ordinance, etc.); and,
    (iii) Identify how the POTW intends to ensure compliance with 
Pretreatment Standards and Requirements, and to enforce them in the 
event of noncompliance by Industrial Users;

[[Page 33]]

    (2) A copy of any statutes, ordinances, regulations, agreements, or 
other authorities relied upon by the POTW for its administration of the 
Program. This Submission shall include a statement reflecting the 
endorsement or approval of the local boards or bodies responsible for 
supervising and/or funding the POTW Pretreatment Program if approved;
    (3) A brief description (including organization charts) of the POTW 
organization which will administer the Pretreatment Program. If more 
than one agency is responsible for administration of the Program the 
responsible agencies should be identified, their respective 
responsibilities delineated, and their procedures for coordination set 
forth; and
    (4) A description of the funding levels and full- and part-time 
manpower available to implement the Program;
    (c) Conditional POTW program approval. The POTW may request 
conditional approval of the Pretreatment Program pending the acquisition 
of funding and personnel for certain elements of the Program. The 
request for conditional approval must meet the requirements set forth in 
paragraph (b) of this section except that the requirements of paragraph 
(b) of this section, may be relaxed if the Submission demonstrates that:
    (1) A limited aspect of the Program does not need to be implemented 
immediately;
    (2) The POTW had adequate legal authority and procedures to carry 
out those aspects of the Program which will not be implemented 
immediately; and
    (3) Funding and personnel for the Program aspects to be implemented 
at a later date will be available when needed. The POTW will describe in 
the Submission the mechanism by which this funding will be acquired. 
Upon receipt of a request for conditional approval, the Approval 
Authority will establish a fixed date for the acquisition of the needed 
funding and personnel. If funding is not acquired by this date, the 
conditional approval of the POTW Pretreatment Program and any removal 
allowances granted to the POTW, may be modified or withdrawn.
    (d) Content of removal allowance submission. The request for 
authority to revise categorical Pretreatment Standards must contain the 
information required in Sec. 403.7(d).
    (e) Approval authority action. Any POTW requesting POTW Pretreatment 
Program approval shall submit to the Approval Authority three copies of 
the Submission described in paragraph (b), and if appropriate, (d) of 
this section. Within 60 days after receiving the Submission, the 
Approval Authority shall make a preliminary determination of whether the 
Submission meets the requirements of paragraph (b) and, if appropriate, 
(d) of this section. If the Approval Authority makes the preliminary 
determination that the Submission meets these requirements, the Approval 
Authority shall:
    (1) Notify the POTW that the Submission has been received and is 
under review; and
    (2) Commence the public notice and evaluation activities set forth 
in Sec. 403.11.
    (f) Notification where submission is defective. If, after review of 
the Submission as provided for in paragraph (e) of this section, the 
Approval Authority determines that the Submission does not comply with 
the requirements of paragraph (b) or (c) of this section, and, if 
appropriate, paragraph (d), of this section, the Approval Authority 
shall provide notice in writing to the applying POTW and each person who 
has requested individual notice. This notification shall identify any 
defects in the Submission and advise the POTW and each person who has 
requested individual notice of the means by which the POTW can comply 
with the applicable requirements of paragraphs (b), (c) of this section, 
and, if appropriate, paragraph (d) of this section.
    (g) Consistency with water quality management plans. (1) In order to 
be approved the POTW Pretreatment Program shall be consistent with any 
approved water quality management plan developed in accordance with 40 
CFR parts 130, 131, as revised, where such 208 plan includes Management 
Agency designations and addresses pretreatment in a manner consistent 
with 40 CFR part 403. In order to assure such consistency the Approval 
Authority shall

[[Page 34]]

solicit the review and comment of the appropriate 208 Planning Agency 
during the public comment period provided for in Sec. 403.11(b)(1)(ii) 
prior to approval or disapproval of the Program.
    (2) Where no 208 plan has been approved or where a plan has been 
approved but lacks Management Agency designations and/or does not 
address pretreatment in a manner consistent with this regulation, the 
Approval Authority shall nevertheless solicit the review and comment of 
the appropriate 208 planning agency.

[53 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 53 FR 40612, Oct. 17, 1988; 58 
FR 18017, Apr. 7, 1993]



Sec. 403.10  Development and submission of NPDES State pretreatment programs.

    (a) Approval of State Programs. No State NPDES program shall be 
approved under section 402 of the Act after the effective date of these 
regulations unless it is determined to meet the requirements of 
paragraph (f) of this section. Notwithstanding any other provision of 
this regulation, a State will be required to act upon those authorities 
which it currently possesses before the approval of a State Pretreatment 
Program.
    (b) [Reserved]
    (c) Failure to request approval. Failure of an NPDES State with a 
permit program approved under section 402 of the Act prior to December 
27, 1977, to seek approval of a State Pretreatment Program and failure 
of an approved State to administer its State Pretreatment Program in 
accordance with the requirements of this section constitutes grounds for 
withdrawal of NPDES program approval under section 402(c)(3) of the Act.
    (d) [Reserved]
    (e) State Program in lieu of POTW Program. Notwithstanding the 
provision of Sec. 403.8(a), a State with an approved Pretreatment 
Program may assume responsibility for implementing the POTW Pretreatment 
Program requirements set forth in Sec. 403.8(f) in lieu of requiring 
the POTW to develop a Pretreatment Program. However, this does not 
preclude POTW's from independently developing Pretreatment Programs.
    (f) State Pretreatment Program requirements. In order to be 
approved, a request for State Pretreatment Program Approval must 
demonstrate that the State Pretreatment Program has the following 
elements:
    (1) Legal authority. The Attorney General's Statement submitted in 
accordance with paragraph (g)(1)(i) of this section shall certify that 
the Director has authority under State law to operate and enforce the 
State Pretreatment Program to the extent required by this part and by 40 
CFR 123.27. At a minimum, the Director shall have the authority to:
    (i) Incorporate POTW Pretreatment Program conditions into permits 
issued to POTW's; require compliance by POTW's with these incorporated 
permit conditions; and require compliance by Industrial Users with 
Pretreatment Standards;
    (ii) Ensure continuing compliance by POTW's with pretreatment 
conditions incorporated into the POTW Permit through review of 
monitoring reports submitted to the Director by the POTW in accordance 
with Sec. 403.12 and ensure continuing compliance by Industrial Users 
with Pretreatment Standards through the review of self-monitoring 
reports submitted to the POTW or to the Director by the Industrial Users 
in accordance with Sec. 403.12;
    (iii) Carry out inspection, surveillance and monitoring procedures 
which will determine, independent of information supplied by the POTW, 
compliance or noncompliance by the POTW with pretreatment conditions 
incorporated into the POTW Permit; and carry out inspection, 
surveillance and monitoring procedures which will determine, independent 
of information supplied by the Industrial User, whether the Industrial 
User is in compliance with Pretreatment Standards;
    (iv) Seek civil and criminal penalties, and injunctive relief, for 
noncompliance by the POTW with pretreatment conditions incorporated into 
the POTW Permit and for noncompliance with Pretreatment Standards by 
Industrial Users as set forth in Sec. 403.8(f)(1)(vi). The Director 
shall have authority to seek judicial relief for noncompliance by 
Industrial Users even when the POTW has acted to seek such relief (e.g., 
if

[[Page 35]]

the POTW has sought a penalty which the Director finds to be 
insufficient);
    (v) Approve and deny requests for approval of POTW Pretreatment 
Programs submitted by a POTW to the Director;
    (vi) Deny and recommend approval of (but not approve) requests for 
Fundamentally Different Factors variances submitted by Industrial Users 
in accordance with the criteria and procedures set forth in Sec. 
403.13; and
    (vii) Approve and deny requests for authority to modify categorical 
Pretreatment Standards to reflect removals achieved by the POTW in 
accordance with the criteria and procedures set forth in Sec. Sec. 
403.7, 403.9 and 403.11.
    (2) Procedures. The Director shall have developed procedures to 
carry out the requirements of sections 307 (b) and (c), and 402(b)(1), 
402(b)(2), 402(b)(8), and 402(b)(9) of the Act. At a minimum, these 
procedures shall enable the Director to:
    (i) Identify POTW's required to develop Pretreatment Programs in 
accordance with Sec. 403.8(a) and notify these POTW's of the need to 
develop a POTW Pretreatment Program. In the absence of a POTW 
Pretreatment Program, the State shall have procedures to carry out the 
activities set forth in Sec. 403.8(f)(2);
    (ii) Provide technical and legal assistance to POTW's in developing 
Pretreatment Programs;
    (iii) Develop compliance schedules for inclusion in POTW Permits 
which set forth the shortest reasonable time schedule for the completion 
of tasks needed to implement a POTW Pretreatment Program. The final 
compliance date in these schedules shall be no later than July 1, 1983;
    (iv) Sample and analyze:
    (A) Influent and effluent of the POTW to identify, independent of 
information supplied by the POTW, compliance or noncompliance with 
pollutant removal levels set forth in the POTW permit (see Sec. 403.7); 
and
    (B) The contents of sludge from the POTW and methods of sludge 
disposal and use to identify, independent of information supplied by the 
POTW, compliance or noncompliance with requirements applicable to the 
selected method of sludge management;
    (v) Investigate evidence of violations of pretreatment conditions 
set forth in the POTW Permit by taking samples and acquiring other 
information as needed. This data acquisition shall be performed with 
sufficient care as to produce evidence admissible in an enforcement 
proceeding or in court;
    (vi) Review and approve requests for approval of POTW Pretreatment 
Programs and authority to modify categorical Pretreatment Standards 
submitted by a POTW to the Director; and
    (vii) Consider requests for Fundamentally Different Factors 
variances submitted by Industrial Users in accordance with the criteria 
and procedures set forth in Sec. 403.13.
    (3) Funding. The Director shall assure that funding and qualified 
personnel are available to carry out the authorities and procedures 
described in paragraphs (f)(1) and (2) of this section.
    (g) Content of State Pretreatment Program submission. The request 
for State Pretreatment Program approval will consist of:
    (1)(i) A statement from the State Attorney General (or the Attorney 
for those State agencies which have independent legal counsel) that the 
laws of the State provide adequate authority to implement the 
requirements of this part. The authorities cited by the Attorney General 
in this statement shall be in the form of lawfully adopted State 
statutes or regulations which shall be effective by the time of approval 
of the State Pretreatment Program; and
    (ii) Copies of all State statutes and regulations cited in the above 
statement;
    (iii) States with approved Pretreatment Programs shall establish 
Pretreatment regulations by November 16, 1989, unless the State would be 
required to enact or amend statutory provision, in which case, such 
regulations must be established by November 16, 1990.
    (2) A description of the funding levels and full- and part-time 
personnel available to implement the program; and
    (3) Any modifications or additions to the Memorandum of Agreement 
(required by 40 CFR 123.24) which may be

[[Page 36]]

necessary for EPA and the State to implement the requirements of this 
part.
    (h) EPA Action. Any approved NPDES State requesting State 
Pretreatment Program approval shall submit to the Regional Administrator 
three copies of the Submission described in paragraph (g) of this 
section. Upon a preliminary determination that the Submission meets the 
requirements of paragraph (g) the Regional Administrator shall:
    (1) Notify the Director that the Submission has been received and is 
under review; and
    (2) Commence the program revision process set out in 40 CFR 123.62. 
For purposes of that section all requests for approval of State 
Pretreatment Programs shall be deemed substantial program modifications. 
A comment period of at least 30 days and the opportunity for a hearing 
shall be afforded the public on all such proposed program revisions.
    (i) Notification where submission is defective. If, after review of 
the Submission as provided for in paragraph (h) of this section, EPA 
determines that the Submission does not comply with the requirements of 
paragraph (f) or (g) of this section EPA shall so notify the applying 
NPDES State in writing. This notification shall identify any defects in 
the Submission and advise the NPDES State of the means by which it can 
comply with the requirements of this part.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 51 FR 20429, June 4, 1986; 53 
FR 40612, Oct. 17, 1988; 55 FR 30131, July 24, 1990; 58 FR 18017, Apr. 
7, 1993; 60 FR 33932, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 403.11  Approval procedures for POTW pretreatment programs and POTW granting of removal credits.

    The following procedures shall be adopted in approving or denying 
requests for approval of POTW Pretreatment Programs and applications for 
removal credit authorization:
    (a) Deadline for review of submission. The Approval Authority shall 
have 90 days from the date of public notice of any Submission complying 
with the requirements of Sec. 403.9(b) and, where removal credit 
authorization is sought with Sec. Sec. 403.7(e) and 403.9(d), to review 
the Submission. The Approval Authority shall review the Submission to 
determine compliance with the requirements of Sec. 403.8 (b) and (f), 
and, where removal credit authorization is sought, with Sec. 403.7. The 
Approval Authority may have up to an additional 90 days to complete the 
evaluation of the Submission if the public comment period provided for 
in paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section is extended beyond 30 days or if 
a public hearing is held as provided for in paragraph (b)(2) of this 
section. In no event, however, shall the time for evaluation of the 
Submission exceed a total of 180 days from the date of public notice of 
a Submission meeting the requirements of Sec. 403.9(b) and, in the case 
of a removal credit application, Sec. Sec. 403.7(e) and 403.9(b).
    (b) Public notice and opportunity for hearing. Upon receipt of a 
Submission the Approval Authority shall commence its review. Within 20 
work days after making a determination that a Submission meets the 
requirements of Sec. 403.9(b) and, where removal allowance approval is 
sought, Sec. Sec. 403.7(d) and 403.9(d), the Approval Authority shall:
    (1) Issue a public notice of request for approval of the Submission;
    (i) This public notice shall be circulated in a manner designed to 
inform interested and potentially interested persons of the Submission. 
Procedures for the circulation of public notice shall include:
    (A) Mailing notices of the request for approval of the Submission to 
designated 208 planning agencies, Federal and State fish, shellfish and 
wildfish resource agencies (unless such agencies have asked not to be 
sent the notices); and to any other person or group who has requested 
individual notice, including those on appropriate mailing lists; and
    (B) Publication of a notice of request for approval of the 
Submission in a newspaper(s) of general circulation within the 
jurisdiction(s) served by the POTW that meaningful public notice.
    (ii) The public notice shall provide a period of not less than 30 
days following the date of the public notice during which time 
interested persons may submit their written views on the Submission.
    (iii) All written comments submitted during the 30 day comment 
period shall be retained by the Approval Authority

[[Page 37]]

and considered in the decision on whether or not to approve the 
Submission. The period for comment may be extended at the discretion of 
the Approval Authority; and
    (2) Provide an opportunity for the applicant, any affected State, 
any interested State or Federal agency, person or group of persons to 
request a public hearing with respect to the Submission.
    (i) This request for public hearing shall be filed within the 30 day 
(or extended) comment period described in paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this 
section and shall indicate the interest of the person filing such 
request and the reasons why a hearing is warranted.
    (ii) The Approval Authority shall hold a hearing if the POTW so 
requests. In addition, a hearing will be held if there is a significant 
public interest in issues relating to whether or not the Submission 
should be approved. Instances of doubt should be resolved in favor of 
holding the hearing.
    (iii) Public notice of a hearing to consider a Submission and 
sufficient to inform interested parties of the nature of the hearing and 
the right to participate shall be published in the same newspaper as the 
notice of the original request for approval of the Submission under 
paragraph (b)(1)(i)(B) of this section. In addition, notice of the 
hearing shall be sent to those persons requesting individual notice.
    (c) Approval authority decision. At the end of the 30 day (or 
extended) comment period and within the 90 day (or extended) period 
provided for in paragraph (a) of this section, the Approval Authority 
shall approve or deny the Submission based upon the evaluation in 
paragraph (a) of this section and taking into consideration comments 
submitted during the comment period and the record of the public 
hearing, if held. Where the Approval Authority makes a determination to 
deny the request, the Approval Authority shall so notify the POTW and 
each person who has requested individual notice. This notification shall 
include suggested modifications and the Approval Authority may allow the 
requestor additional time to bring the Submission into compliance with 
applicable requirements.
    (d) EPA objection to Director's decision. No POTW pretreatment 
program or authorization to grant removal allowances shall be approved 
by the Director if following the 30 day (or extended) evaluation period 
provided for in paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section and any hearing 
held pursuant to paragraph (b)(2) of this section the Regional 
Administrator sets forth in writing objections to the approval of such 
Submission and the reasons for such objections. A copy of the Regional 
Administrator's objections shall be provided to the applicant, and each 
person who has requested individual notice. The Regional Administrator 
shall provide an opportunity for written comments and may convene a 
public hearing on his or her objections. Unless retracted, the Regional 
Administrator's objections shall constitute a final ruling to deny 
approval of a POTW pretreatment program or authorization to grant 
removal allowances 90 days after the date the objections are issued.
    (e) Notice of decision. The Approval Authority shall notify those 
persons who submitted comments and participated in the public hearing, 
if held, of the approval or disapproval of the Submission. In addition, 
the Approval Authority shall cause to be published a notice of approval 
or disapproval in the same newspapers as the original notice of request 
for approval of the Submission was published. The Approval Authority 
shall identify in any notice of POTW Pretreatment Program approval any 
authorization to modify categorical Pretreatment Standards which the 
POTW may make, in accordance with Sec. 403.7, for removal of pollutants 
subject to Pretreatment Standards.
    (f) Public access to submission. The Approval Authority shall ensure 
that the Submission and any comments upon such Submission are available 
to the public for inspection and copying.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 49 FR 31224, Aug. 3, 1984; 51 
FR 20429, June 4, 1986; 53 FR 40613, Oct. 17, 1988; 62 FR 38414, July 
17, 1997]



Sec. 403.12  Reporting requirements for POTW's and industrial users.

    (a) [Reserved]

[[Page 38]]

    (b) Reporting requirements for industrial users upon effective date 
of categorical pretreatment standard--baseline report. Within 180 days 
after the effective date of a categorical Pretreatment Standard, or 180 
days after the final administrative decision made upon a category 
determination submission under Sec. 403.6(a)(4), whichever is later, 
existing Industrial Users subject to such categorical Pretreatment 
Standards and currently discharging to or scheduled to discharge to a 
POTW shall be required to submit to the Control Authority a report which 
contains the information listed in paragraphs (b)(1)-(7) of this 
section. At least 90 days prior to commencement of discharge, New 
Sources, and sources that become Industrial Users subsequent to the 
promulgation of an applicable categorical Standard, shall be required to 
submit to the Control Authority a report which contains the information 
listed in paragraphs (b)(1)-(5) of this section. New sources shall also 
be required to include in this report information on the method of 
pretreatment the source intends to use to meet applicable pretreatment 
standards. New Sources shall give estimates of the information requested 
in paragraphs (b) (4) and (5) of this section:
    (1) Identifying information. The User shall submit the name and 
address of the facility including the name of the operator and owners;
    (2) Permits. The User shall submit a list of any environmental 
control permits held by or for the facility;
    (3) Description of operations. The User shall submit a brief 
description of the nature, average rate of production, and Standard 
Industrial Classification of the operation(s) carried out by such 
Industrial User. This description should include a schematic process 
diagram which indicates points of Discharge to the POTW from the 
regulated processes.
    (4) Flow measurement. The User shall submit information showing the 
measured average daily and maximum daily flow, in gallons per day, to 
the POTW from each of the following:
    (i) Regulated process streams; and
    (ii) Other streams as necessary to allow use of the combined 
wastestream formula of Sec. 403.6(e). (See paragraph (b)(5)(iv) of this 
section.)

The Control Authority may allow for verifiable estimates of these flows 
where justified by cost or feasibility considerations.
    (5) Measurement of pollutants. (i) The user shall identify the 
Pretreatment Standards applicable to each regulated process;
    (ii) In addition, the User shall submit the results of sampling and 
analysis identifying the nature and concentration (or mass, where 
required by the Standard or Control Authority) of regulated pollutants 
in the Discharge from each regulated process. Both daily maximum and 
average concentration (or mass, where required) shall be reported. The 
sample shall be representative of daily operations. In cases where the 
Standard requires compliance with a Best Management Practice or 
pollution prevention alternative, the User shall submit documentation as 
required by the Control Authority or the applicable Standards to 
determine compliance with the Standard;
    (iii) The User shall take a minimum of one representative sample to 
compile that data necessary to comply with the requirements of this 
paragraph.
    (iv) Samples should be taken immediately downstream from 
pretreatment facilities if such exist or immediately downstream from the 
regulated process if no pretreatment exists. If other wastewaters are 
mixed with the regulated wastewater prior to pretreatment the User 
should measure the flows and concentrations necessary to allow use of 
the combined wastestream formula of Sec. 403.6(e) in order to evaluate 
compliance with the Pretreatment Standards. Where an alternate 
concentration or mass limit has been calculated in accordance with Sec. 
403.6(e) this adjusted limit along with supporting data shall be 
submitted to the Control Authority;
    (v) Sampling and analysis shall be performed in accordance with the 
techniques prescribed in 40 CFR part 136 and amendments thereto. Where 
40 CFR part 136 does not contain sampling or analytical techniques for 
the pollutant in question, or where the Administrator determines that 
the part 136

[[Page 39]]

sampling and analytical techniques are inappropriate for the pollutant 
in question, sampling and analysis shall be performed by using validated 
analytical methods or any other applicable sampling and analytical 
procedures, including procedures suggested by the POTW or other parties, 
approved by the Administrator;
    (vi) The Control Authority may allow the submission of a baseline 
report which utilizes only historical data so long as the data provides 
information sufficient to determine the need for industrial pretreatment 
measures;
    (vii) The baseline report shall indicate the time, date and place, 
of sampling, and methods of analysis, and shall certify that such 
sampling and analysis is representative of normal work cycles and 
expected pollutant Discharges to the POTW;
    (6) Certification. A statement, reviewed by an authorized 
representative of the Industrial User (as defined in paragraph (l) of 
this section) and certified to by a qualified professional, indicating 
whether Pretreatment Standards are being met on a consistent basis, and, 
if not, whether additional operation and maintenance (O and M) and/or 
additional Pretreatment is required for the Industrial User to meet the 
Pretreatment Standards and Requirements; and
    (7) Compliance schedule. If additional pretreatment and/or O and M 
will be required to meet the Pretreatment Standards; the shortest 
schedule by which the Industrial User will provide such additional 
pretreatment and/or O and M. The completion date in this schedule shall 
not be later than the compliance date established for the applicable 
Pretreatment Standard.
    (i) Where the Industrial User's categorical Pretreatment Standard 
has been modified by a removal allowance (Sec. 403.7), the combined 
wastestream formula (Sec. 403.6(e)), and/or a Fundamentally Different 
Factors variance (Sec. 403.13) at the time the User submits the report 
required by paragraph (b) of this section, the information required by 
paragraphs (b)(6) and (7) of this section shall pertain to the modified 
limits.
    (ii) If the categorical Pretreatment Standard is modified by a 
removal allowance (Sec. 403.7), the combined wastestream formula (Sec. 
403.6(e)), and/or a Fundamentally Different Factors variance (Sec. 
403.13) after the User submits the report required by paragraph (b) of 
this section, any necessary amendments to the information requested by 
paragraphs (b)(6) and (7) of this section shall be submitted by the User 
to the Control Authority within 60 days after the modified limit is 
approved.
    (c) Compliance schedule for meeting categorical Pretreatment 
Standards. The following conditions shall apply to the schedule required 
by paragraph (b)(7) of this section:
    (1) The schedule shall contain increments of progress in the form of 
dates for the commencement and completion of major events leading to the 
construction and operation of additional pretreatment required for the 
Industrial User to meet the applicable categorical Pretreatment 
Standards (e.g., hiring an engineer, completing preliminary plans, 
completing final plans, executing contract for major components, 
commencing construction, completing construction, etc.).
    (2) No increment referred to in paragraph (c)(1) of this section 
shall exceed 9 months.
    (3) Not later than 14 days following each date in the schedule and 
the final date for compliance, the Industrial User shall submit a 
progress report to the Control Authority including, at a minimum, 
whether or not it complied with the increment of progress to be met on 
such date and, if not, the date on which it expects to comply with this 
increment of progress, the reason for delay, and the steps being taken 
by the Industrial User to return the construction to the schedule 
established. In no event shall more than 9 months elapse between such 
progress reports to the Control Authority.
    (d) Report on compliance with categorical pretreatment standard 
deadline. Within 90 days following the date for final compliance with 
applicable categorical Pretreatment Standards or in the case of a New 
Source following commencement of the introduction of wastewater into the 
POTW, any Industrial User subject to Pretreatment

[[Page 40]]

Standards and Requirements shall submit to the Control Authority a 
report containing the information described in paragraphs (b) (4)-(6) of 
this section. For Industrial Users subject to equivalent mass or 
concentration limits established by the Control Authority in accordance 
with the procedures in Sec. 403.6(c), this report shall contain a 
reasonable measure of the User's long term production rate. For all 
other Industrial Users subject to categorical Pretreatment Standards 
expressed in terms of allowable pollutant discharge per unit of 
production (or other measure of operation), this report shall include 
the User's actual production during the appropriate sampling period.
    (e) Periodic reports on continued compliance. (1) Any Industrial 
User subject to a categorical Pretreatment Standard (except a Non-
Significant Categorical User as defined in Sec. 403.3(v)(2)), after the 
compliance date of such Pretreatment Standard, or, in the case of a New 
Source, after commencement of the discharge into the POTW, shall submit 
to the Control Authority during the months of June and December, unless 
required more frequently in the Pretreatment Standard or by the Control 
Authority or the Approval Authority, a report indicating the nature and 
concentration of pollutants in the effluent which are limited by such 
categorical Pretreatment Standards. In addition, this report shall 
include a record of measured or estimated average and maximum daily 
flows for the reporting period for the Discharge reported in paragraph 
(b)(4) of this section except that the Control Authority may require 
more detailed reporting of flows. In cases where the Pretreatment 
Standard requires compliance with a Best Management Practice (or 
pollution prevention alternative), the User shall submit documentation 
required by the Control Authority or the Pretreatment Standard necessary 
to determine the compliance status of the User. At the discretion of the 
Control Authority and in consideration of such factors as local high or 
low flow rates, holidays, budget cycles, etc., the Control Authority may 
modify the months during which the above reports are to be submitted.
    (2) The Control Authority may authorize the Industrial User subject 
to a categorical Pretreatment Standard to forego sampling of a pollutant 
regulated by a categorical Pretreatment Standard if the Industrial User 
has demonstrated through sampling and other technical factors that the 
pollutant is neither present nor expected to be present in the 
Discharge, or is present only at background levels from intake water and 
without any increase in the pollutant due to activities of the 
Industrial User. This authorization is subject to the following 
conditions:
    (i) The Control Authority may authorize a waiver where a pollutant 
is determined to be present solely due to sanitary wastewater discharged 
from the facility provided that the sanitary wastewater is not regulated 
by an applicable categorical Standard and otherwise includes no process 
wastewater.
    (ii) The monitoring waiver is valid only for the duration of the 
effective period of the Permit or other equivalent individual control 
mechanism, but in no case longer than 5 years. The User must submit a 
new request for the waiver before the waiver can be granted for each 
subsequent control mechanism.
    (iii) In making a demonstration that a pollutant is not present, the 
Industrial User must provide data from at least one sampling of the 
facility's process wastewater prior to any treatment present at the 
facility that is representative of all wastewater from all processes.
    The request for a monitoring waiver must be signed in accordance 
with paragraph (l) of this section and include the certification 
statement in Sec. 403.6(a)(2)(ii). Non-detectable sample results may 
only be used as a demonstration that a pollutant is not present if the 
EPA approved method from 40 CFR part 136 with the lowest minimum 
detection level for that pollutant was used in the analysis.
    (iv) Any grant of the monitoring waiver by the Control Authority 
must be included as a condition in the User's

[[Page 41]]

control mechanism. The reasons supporting the waiver and any information 
submitted by the User in its request for the waiver must be maintained 
by the Control Authority for 3 years after expiration of the waiver.
    (v) Upon approval of the monitoring waiver and revision of the 
User's control mechanism by the Control Authority, the Industrial User 
must certify on each report with the statement below, that there has 
been no increase in the pollutant in its wastestream due to activities 
of the Industrial User:

    Based on my inquiry of the person or persons directly responsible 
for managing compliance with the Pretreatment Standard for 40 CFR ------
-------- [specify applicable National Pretreatment Standard part(s)], I 
certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, there has been no 
increase in the level of ------------ [list pollutant(s)] in the 
wastewaters due to the activities at the facility since filing of the 
last periodic report under 40 CFR 403.12(e)(1).

    (vi) In the event that a waived pollutant is found to be present or 
is expected to be present based on changes that occur in the User's 
operations, the User must immediately: Comply with the monitoring 
requirements of paragraph (e)(1) of this section or other more frequent 
monitoring requirements imposed by the Control Authority; and notify the 
Control Authority.
    (vii) This provision does not supersede certification processes and 
requirements established in categorical Pretreatment Standards, except 
as otherwise specified in the categorical Pretreatment Standard.
    (3) The Control Authority may reduce the requirement in paragraph 
(e)(1) of this section to a requirement to report no less frequently 
than once a year, unless required more frequently in the Pretreatment 
Standard or by the Approval Authority, where the Industrial User meets 
all of the following conditions:
    (i) The Industrial User's total categorical wastewater flow does not 
exceed any of the following:
    (A) 0.01 percent of the design dry weather hydraulic capacity of the 
POTW, or 5,000 gallons per day, whichever is smaller, as measured by a 
continuous effluent flow monitoring device unless the Industrial User 
discharges in batches;
    (B) 0.01 percent of the design dry weather organic treatment 
capacity of the POTW; and
    (C) 0.01 percent of the maximum allowable headworks loading for any 
pollutant regulated by the applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard 
for which approved local limits were developed by a POTW in accordance 
with Sec. 403.5(c) and paragraph (d) of this section;
    (ii) The Industrial User has not been in significant noncompliance, 
as defined in Sec. 403.8(f)(2)(viii), for any time in the past two 
years;
    (iii) The Industrial User does not have daily flow rates, production 
levels, or pollutant levels that vary so significantly that decreasing 
the reporting requirement for this Industrial User would result in data 
that are not representative of conditions occurring during the reporting 
period pursuant to paragraph (g)(3) of this section;
    (iv) The Industrial User must notify the Control Authority 
immediately of any changes at its facility causing it to no longer meet 
conditions of paragraphs (e)(3)(i) or (ii) of this section. Upon 
notification, the Industrial User must immediately begin complying with 
the minimum reporting in paragraph (e)(1) of this section; and
    (v) The Control Authority must retain documentation to support the 
Control Authority's determination that a specific Industrial User 
qualifies for reduced reporting requirements under paragraph (e)(3) of 
this section for a period of 3 years after the expiration of the term of 
the control mechanism.
    (4) For Industrial Users subject to equivalent mass or concentration 
limits established by the Control Authority in accordance with the 
procedures in Sec. 403.6(c), the report required by paragraph (e)(1) 
shall contain a reasonable measure of the User's long term production 
rate. For all other Industrial Users subject to categorical Pretreatment 
Standards expressed only in terms of allowable pollutant discharge per 
unit of production (or other measure of operation), the report required 
by paragraph (e)(1) shall include

[[Page 42]]

the User's actual average production rate for the reporting period.
    (f) Notice of potential problems, including slug loading. All 
categorical and non-categorical Industrial Users shall notify the POTW 
immediately of all discharges that could cause problems to the POTW, 
including any slug loadings, as defined by Sec. 403.5(b), by the 
Industrial User.
    (g) Monitoring and analysis to demonstrate continued compliance. (1) 
Except in the case of Non-Significant Categorical Users, the reports 
required in paragraphs (b), (d), (e), and (h) of this section shall 
contain the results of sampling and analysis of the Discharge, including 
the flow and the nature and concentration, or production and mass where 
requested by the Control Authority, of pollutants contained therein 
which are limited by the applicable Pretreatment Standards. This 
sampling and analysis may be performed by the Control Authority in lieu 
of the Industrial User. Where the POTW performs the required sampling 
and analysis in lieu of the Industrial User, the User will not be 
required to submit the compliance certification required under 
paragraphs (b)(6) and (d) of this section. In addition, where the POTW 
itself collects all the information required for the report, including 
flow data, the Industrial User will not be required to submit the 
report.
    (2) If sampling performed by an Industrial User indicates a 
violation, the User shall notify the Control Authority within 24 hours 
of becoming aware of the violation. The User shall also repeat the 
sampling and analysis and submit the results of the repeat analysis to 
the Control Authority within 30 days after becoming aware of the 
violation. Where the Control Authority has performed the sampling and 
analysis in lieu of the Industrial User, the Control Authority must 
perform the repeat sampling and analysis unless it notifies the User of 
the violation and requires the User to perform the repeat analysis. 
Resampling is not required if:
    (i) The Control Authority performs sampling at the Industrial User 
at a frequency of at least once per month; or
    (ii) The Control Authority performs sampling at the User between the 
time when the initial sampling was conducted and the time when the User 
or the Control Authority receives the results of this sampling.
    (3) The reports required in paragraphs (b), (d), (e) and (h) of this 
section must be based upon data obtained through appropriate sampling 
and analysis performed during the period covered by the report, which 
data are representative of conditions occurring during the reporting 
period. The Control Authority shall require that frequency of monitoring 
necessary to assess and assure compliance by Industrial Users with 
applicable Pretreatment Standards and Requirements. Grab samples must be 
used for pH, cyanide, total phenols, oil and grease, sulfide, and 
volatile organic compounds. For all other pollutants, 24-hour composite 
samples must be obtained through flow-proportional composite sampling 
techniques, unless time-proportional composite sampling or grab sampling 
is authorized by the Control Authority. Where time-proportional 
composite sampling or grab sampling is authorized by the Control 
Authority, the samples must be representative of the Discharge and the 
decision to allow the alternative sampling must be documented in the 
Industrial User file for that facility or facilities. Using protocols 
(including appropriate preservation) specified in 40 CFR part 136 and 
appropriate EPA guidance, multiple grab samples collected during a 24-
hour period may be composited prior to the analysis as follows: For 
cyanide, total phenols, and sulfides the samples may be composited in 
the laboratory or in the field; for volatile organics and oil & grease 
the samples may be composited in the laboratory. Composite samples for 
other parameters unaffected by the compositing procedures as documented 
in approved EPA methodologies may be authorized by the Control 
Authority, as appropriate.
    (4) For sampling required in support of baseline monitoring and 90-
day compliance reports required in paragraphs (b) and (d) of this 
section, a minimum of four (4) grab samples must be used for pH, 
cyanide, total phenols, oil and grease, sulfide and volatile organic

[[Page 43]]

compounds for facilities for which historical sampling data do not 
exist; for facilities for which historical sampling data are available, 
the Control Authority may authorize a lower minimum. For the reports 
required by paragraphs (e) and (h) of this section, the Control 
Authority shall require the number of grab samples necessary to assess 
and assure compliance by Industrial Users with Applicable Pretreatment 
Standards and Requirements.
    (5) All analyses shall be performed in accordance with procedures 
established by the Administrator pursuant to section 304(h) of the Act 
and contained in 40 CFR part 136 and amendments thereto or with any 
other test procedures approved by the Administrator. (See, Sec. Sec. 
136.4 and 136.5.) Sampling shall be performed in accordance with the 
techniques approved by the Administrator. Where 40 CFR part 136 does not 
include sampling or analytical techniques for the pollutants in 
question, or where the Administrator determines that the part 136 
sampling and analytical techniques are inappropriate for the pollutant 
in question, sampling and analyses shall be performed using validated 
analytical methods or any other sampling and analytical procedures, 
including procedures suggested by the POTW or other parties, approved by 
the Administrator.
    (6) If an Industrial User subject to the reporting requirement in 
paragraph (e) or (h) of this section monitors any regulated pollutant at 
the appropriate sampling location more frequently than required by the 
Control Authority, using the procedures prescribed in paragraph (g)(5) 
of this section, the results of this monitoring shall be included in the 
report.
    (h) Reporting requirements for Industrial Users not subject to 
categorical Pretreatment Standards. The Control Authority must require 
appropriate reporting from those Industrial Users with Discharges that 
are not subject to categorical Pretreatment Standards. Significant Non-
categorical Industrial Users must submit to the Control Authority at 
least once every six months (on dates specified by the Control 
Authority) a description of the nature, concentration, and flow of the 
pollutants required to be reported by the Control Authority. In cases 
where a local limit requires compliance with a Best Management Practice 
or pollution prevention alternative, the User must submit documentation 
required by the Control Authority to determine the compliance status of 
the User. These reports must be based on sampling and analysis performed 
in the period covered by the report, and in accordance with the 
techniques described in part 136 and amendments thereto. This sampling 
and analysis may be performed by the Control Authority in lieu of the 
significant non-categorical Industrial User.
    (i) Annual POTW reports. POTWs with approved Pretreatment Programs 
shall provide the Approval Authority with a report that briefly 
describes the POTW's program activities, including activities of all 
participating agencies, if more than one jurisdiction is involved in the 
local program. The report required by this section shall be submitted no 
later than one year after approval of the POTW's Pretreatment Program, 
and at least annually thereafter, and shall include, at a minimum, the 
following:
    (1) An updated list of the POTW's Industrial Users, including their 
names and addresses, or a list of deletions and additions keyed to a 
previously submitted list. The POTW shall provide a brief explanation of 
each deletion. This list shall identify which Industrial Users are 
subject to categorical Pretreatment Standards and specify which 
Standards are applicable to each Industrial User. The list shall 
indicate which Industrial Users are subject to local standards that are 
more stringent than the categorical Pretreatment Standards. The POTW 
shall also list the Industrial Users that are subject only to local 
Requirements. The list must also identify Industrial Users subject to 
categorical Pretreatment Standards that are subject to reduced reporting 
requirements under paragraph (e)(3), and identify which Industrial Users 
are Non-Significant Categorical Industrial Users.
    (2) A summary of the status of Industrial User compliance over the 
reporting period;

[[Page 44]]

    (3) A summary of compliance and enforcement activities (including 
inspections) conducted by the POTW during the reporting period;
    (4) A summary of changes to the POTW's pretreatment program that 
have not been previously reported to the Approval Authority; and
    (5) Any other relevant information requested by the Approval 
Authority.
    (j) Notification of changed Discharge. All Industrial Users shall 
promptly notify the Control Authority (and the POTW if the POTW is not 
the Control Authority) in advance of any substantial change in the 
volume or character of pollutants in their Discharge, including the 
listed or characteristic hazardous wastes for which the Industrial User 
has submitted initial notification under paragraph (p) of this section.
    (k) Compliance schedule for POTW's. The following conditions and 
reporting requirements shall apply to the compliance schedule for 
development of an approvable POTW Pretreatment Program required by Sec. 
403.8.
    (1) The schedule shall contain increments of progress in the form of 
dates for the commencement and completion of major events leading to the 
development and implementation of a POTW Pretreatment Program (e.g., 
acquiring required authorities, developing funding mechanisms, acquiring 
equipment);
    (2) No increment referred to in paragraph (k)(1) of this section 
shall exceed nine months;
    (3) Not later than 14 days following each date in the schedule and 
the final date for compliance, the POTW shall submit a progress report 
to the Approval Authority including, as a minimum, whether or not it 
complied with the increment of progress to be met on such date and, if 
not, the date on which it expects to comply with this increment of 
progress, the reason for delay, and the steps taken by the POTW to 
return to the schedule established. In no event shall more than nine 
months elapse between such progress reports to the Approval Authority.
    (l) Signatory requirements for Industrial User reports. The reports 
required by paragraphs (b), (d), and (e) of this section shall include 
the certification statement as set forth in Sec. 403.6(a)(2)(ii), and 
shall be signed as follows:
    (1) By a responsible corporate officer, if the Industrial User 
submitting the reports required by paragraphs (b), (d), and (e) of this 
section is a corporation. For the purpose of this paragraph, a 
responsible corporate officer means:
    (i) a president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the 
corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other 
person who performs similar policy- or decision-making functions for the 
corporation, or
    (ii) The manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or 
operating facilities, provided, the manager is authorized to make 
management decisions which govern the operation of the regulated 
facility including having the explicit or implicit duty of making major 
capital investment recommendations, and initiate and direct other 
comprehensive measures to assure long-term environmental compliance with 
environmental laws and regulations; can ensure that the necessary 
systems are established or actions taken to gather complete and accurate 
information for control mechanism requirements; and where authority to 
sign documents has been assigned or delegated to the manager in 
accordance with corporate procedures.
    (2) By a general partner or proprietor if the Industrial User 
submitting the reports required by paragraphs (b), (d), and (e) of this 
section is a partnership, or sole proprietorship respectively.
    (3) By a duly authorized representative of the individual designated 
in paragraph (l)(1) or (l)(2) of this section if:
    (i) The authorization is made in writing by the individual described 
in paragraph (l)(1) or (l)(2);
    (ii) The authorization specifies either an individual or a position 
having responsibility for the overall operation of the facility from 
which the Industrial Discharge originates, such as the position of plant 
manager, operator of a well, or well field superintendent, or a position 
of equivalent responsibility, or having overall responsibility for 
environmental matters for the company; and
    (iii) the written authorization is submitted to the Control 
Authority.

[[Page 45]]

    (4) If an authorization under paragraph (l)(3) of this section is no 
longer accurate because a different individual or position has 
responsibility for the overall operation of the facility, or overall 
responsibility for environmental matters for the company, a new 
authorization satisfying the requirements of paragraph (l)(3) of this 
section must be submitted to the Control Authority prior to or together 
with any reports to be signed by an authorized representative.
    (m) Signatory requirements for POTW reports. Reports submitted to 
the Approval Authority by the POTW in accordance with paragraph (i) of 
this section must be signed by a principal executive officer, ranking 
elected official or other duly authorized employee. The duly authorized 
employee must be an individual or position having responsibility for the 
overall operation of the facility or the Pretreatment Program. This 
authorization must be made in writing by the principal executive officer 
or ranking elected official, and submitted to the Approval Authority 
prior to or together with the report being submitted.
    (n) Provisions Governing Fraud and False Statements: The reports and 
other documents required to be submitted or maintained under this 
section shall be subject to:
    (1) The provisions of 18 U.S.C. section 1001 relating to fraud and 
false statements;
    (2) The provisions of sections 309(c)(4) of the Act, as amended, 
governing false statements, representation or certification; and
    (3) The provisions of section 309(c)(6) regarding responsible 
corporate officers.
    (o) Record-keeping requirements. (1) Any Industrial User and POTW 
subject to the reporting requirements established in this section shall 
maintain records of all information resulting from any monitoring 
activities required by this section, including documentation associated 
with Best Management Practices. Such records shall include for all 
samples:
    (i) The date, exact place, method, and time of sampling and the 
names of the person or persons taking the samples;
    (ii) The dates analyses were performed;
    (iii) Who performed the analyses;
    (iv) The analytical techniques/methods use; and
    (v) The results of such analyses.
    (2) Any Industrial User or POTW subject to the reporting 
requirements established in this section (including documentation 
associated with Best Management Practices) shall be required to retain 
for a minimum of 3 years any records of monitoring activities and 
results (whether or not such monitoring activities are required by this 
section) and shall make such records available for inspection and 
copying by the Director and the Regional Administrator (and POTW in the 
case of an Industrial User). This period of retention shall be extended 
during the course of any unresolved litigation regarding the Industrial 
User or POTW or when requested by the Director or the Regional 
Administrator.
    (3) Any POTW to which reports are submitted by an Industrial User 
pursuant to paragraphs (b), (d), (e), and (h) of this section shall 
retain such reports for a minimum of 3 years and shall make such reports 
available for inspection and copying by the Director and the Regional 
Administrator. This period of retention shall be extended during the 
course of any unresolved litigation regarding the discharge of 
pollutants by the Industrial User or the operation of the POTW 
Pretreatment Program or when requested by the Director or the Regional 
Administrator.
    (p)(1) The Industrial User shall notify the POTW, the EPA Regional 
Waste Management Division Director, and State hazardous waste 
authorities in writing of any discharge into the POTW of a substance, 
which, if otherwise disposed of, would be a hazardous waste under 40 CFR 
part 261. Such notification must include the name of the hazardous waste 
as set forth in 40 CFR part 261, the EPA hazardous waste number, and the 
type of discharge (continuous, batch, or other). If the Industrial User 
discharges more than 100 kilograms of such waste per calendar month to 
the POTW, the notification shall also contain the following information 
to the extent such information is known and readily available to the

[[Page 46]]

Industrial User: An identification of the hazardous constituents 
contained in the wastes, an estimation of the mass and concentration of 
such constituents in the wastestream discharged during that calendar 
month, and an estimation of the mass of constituents in the wastestream 
expected to be discharged during the following twelve months. All 
notifications must take place within 180 days of the effective date of 
this rule. Industrial users who commence discharging after the effective 
date of this rule shall provide the notification no later than 180 days 
after the discharge of the listed or characteristic hazardous waste. Any 
notification under this paragraph need be submitted only once for each 
hazardous waste discharged. However, notifications of changed discharges 
must be submitted under 40 CFR 403.12 (j). The notification requirement 
in this section does not apply to pollutants already reported under the 
self-monitoring requirements of 40 CFR 403.12 (b), (d), and (e).
    (2) Dischargers are exempt from the requirements of paragraph (p)(1) 
of this section during a calendar month in which they discharge no more 
than fifteen kilograms of hazardous wastes, unless the wastes are acute 
hazardous wastes as specified in 40 CFR 261.30(d) and 261.33(e). 
Discharge of more than fifteen kilograms of non-acute hazardous wastes 
in a calendar month, or of any quantity of acute hazardous wastes as 
specified in 40 CFR 261.30(d) and 261.33(e), requires a one-time 
notification.
    Subsequent months during which the Industrial User discharges more 
than such quantities of any hazardous waste do not require additional 
notification.
    (3) In the case of any new regulations under section 3001 of RCRA 
identifying additional characteristics of hazardous waste or listing any 
additional substance as a hazardous waste, the Industrial User must 
notify the POTW, the EPA Regional Waste Management Waste Division 
Director, and State hazardous waste authorities of the discharge of such 
substance within 90 days of the effective date of such regulations.
    (4) In the case of any notification made under paragraph (p) of this 
section, the Industrial User shall certify that it has a program in 
place to reduce the volume and toxicity of hazardous wastes generated to 
the degree it has determined to be economically practical.
    (q) Annual certification by Non-Significant Categorical Industrial 
Users. A facility determined to be a Non-Significant Categorical 
Industrial User pursuant to Sec. 403.3(v)(2) must annually submit the 
following certification statement, signed in accordance with the 
signatory requirements in paragraph (l) of this section. This 
certification must accompany any alternative report required by the 
Control Authority:

    Based on my inquiry of the person or persons directly responsible 
for managing compliance with the categorical Pretreatment Standards 
under 40 CFR --------, I certify that, to the best of my knowledge and 
belief that during the period from ---------------- --------, to ------
----------, -------- [month, days, year]:
    (a) The facility described as ---------------- [facility name] met 
the definition of a non-significant categorical Industrial User as 
described in Sec. 403.3(v)(2); (b) the facility complied with all 
applicable Pretreatment Standards and requirements during this reporting 
period; and (c) the facility never discharged more than 100 gallons of 
total categorical wastewater on any given day during this reporting 
period. This compliance certification is based upon the following 
information:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

    (r) The Control Authority that chooses to receive electronic 
documents must satisfy the requirements of 40 CFR Part 3--(Electronic 
reporting).

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 49 FR 31225, Aug. 3, 1984; 51 
FR 20429, June 4, 1986; 53 FR 40613, Oct. 17, 1988; 55 FR 30131, July 
24, 1990; 58 FR 18017, Apr. 7, 1993; 60 FR 33932, June 29, 1995; 62 FR 
38414, July 17, 1997; 70 FR 59889, Oct. 13, 2005; 70 FR 60195, Oct. 14, 
2005]



Sec. 403.13  Variances from categorical pretreatment standards for fundamentally different factors.

    (a) Definition. The term Requester means an Industrial User or a 
POTW or other interested person seeking a variance from the limits 
specified in a categorical Pretreatment Standard.
    (b) Purpose and scope. In establishing categorical Pretreatment 
Standards

[[Page 47]]

for existing sources, the EPA will take into account all the information 
it can collect, develop and solicit regarding the factors relevant to 
pretreatment standards under section 307(b). In some cases, information 
which may affect these Pretreatment Standards will not be available or, 
for other reasons, will not be considered during their development. As a 
result, it may be necessary on a case-by-case basis to adjust the limits 
in categorical Pretreatment Standards, making them either more or less 
stringent, as they apply to a certain Industrial User within an 
industrial category or subcategory. This will only be done if data 
specific to that Industrial User indicates it presents factors 
fundamentally different from those considered by EPA in developing the 
limit at issue. Any interested person believing that factors relating to 
an Industrial User are fundamentally different from the factors 
considered during development of a categorical Pretreatment Standard 
applicable to that User and further, that the existence of those factors 
justifies a different discharge limit than specified in the applicable 
categorical Pretreatment Standard, may request a fundamentally different 
factors variance under this section or such a variance request may be 
initiated by the EPA.
    (c) Criteria--(1) General criteria. A request for a variance based 
upon fundamentally different factors shall be approved only if:
    (i) There is an applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard which 
specifically controls the pollutant for which alternative limits have 
been requested; and
    (ii) Factors relating to the discharge controlled by the categorical 
Pretreatment Standard are fundamentally different from the factors 
considered by EPA in establishing the Standards; and
    (iii) The request for a variance is made in accordance with the 
procedural requirements in paragraphs (g) and (h) of this section.
    (2) Criteria applicable to less stringent limits. A variance request 
for the establishment of limits less stringent than required by the 
Standard shall be approved only if:
    (i) The alternative limit requested is no less stringent than 
justified by the fundamental difference;
    (ii) The alternative limit will not result in a violation of 
prohibitive discharge standards prescribed by or established under Sec. 
403.5;
    (iii) The alternative limit will not result in a non-water quality 
environmental impact (including energy requirements) fundamentally more 
adverse than the impact considered during development of the 
Pretreatment Standards; and
    (iv) Compliance with the Standards (either by using the technologies 
upon which the Standards are based or by using other control 
alternatives) would result in either:
    (A) A removal cost (adjusted for inflation) wholly out of proportion 
to the removal cost considered during development of the Standards; or
    (B) A non-water quality environmental impact (including energy 
requirements) fundamentally more adverse than the impact considered 
during development of the Standards.
    (3) Criteria applicable to more stringent limits. A variance request 
for the establishment of limits more stringent than required by the 
Standards shall be approved only if:
    (i) The alternative limit request is no more stringent than 
justified by the fundamental difference; and
    (ii) Compliance with the alternative limit would not result in 
either:
    (A) A removal cost (adjusted for inflation) wholly out of proportion 
to the removal cost considered during development of the Standards; or
    (B) A non-water quality environmental impact (including energy 
requirements) fundamentally more adverse than the impact considered 
during development of the Standards.
    (d) Factors considered fundamentally different. Factors which may be 
considered fundamentally different are:
    (1) The nature or quality of pollutants contained in the raw waste 
load of the User's process wastewater:
    (2) The volume of the User's process wastewater and effluent 
discharged;
    (3) Non-water quality environmental impact of control and treatment 
of the User's raw waste load;

[[Page 48]]

    (4) Energy requirements of the application of control and treatment 
technology;
    (5) Age, size, land availability, and configuration as they relate 
to the User's equipment or facilities; processes employed; process 
changes; and engineering aspects of the application of control 
technology;
    (6) Cost of compliance with required control technology.
    (e) Factors which will not be considered fundamentally different. A 
variance request or portion of such a request under this section may not 
be granted on any of the following grounds:
    (1) The feasibility of installing the required waste treatment 
equipment within the time the Act allows;
    (2) The assertion that the Standards cannot be achieved with the 
appropriate waste treatment facilities installed, if such assertion is 
not based on factors listed in paragraph (d) of this section;
    (3) The User's ability to pay for the required waste treatment; or
    (4) The impact of a Discharge on the quality of the POTW's receiving 
waters.
    (f) State or local law. Nothing in this section shall be construed 
to impair the right of any state or locality under section 510 of the 
Act to impose more stringent limitations than required by Federal law.
    (g) Application deadline. (1) Requests for a variance and supporting 
information must be submitted in writing to the Director or to the 
Administrator (or his delegate), as appropriate.
    (2) In order to be considered, a request for a variance must be 
submitted no later than 180 days after the date on which a categorical 
Pretreatment Standard is published in the Federal Register.
    (3) Where the User has requested a categorical determination 
pursuant to Sec. 403.6(a), the User may elect to await the results of 
the category determination before submitting a variance request under 
this section. Where the User so elects, he or she must submit the 
variance request within 30 days after a final decision has been made on 
the categorical determination pursuant to Sec. 403.6(a)(4).
    (h) Contents submission. Written submissions for variance requests, 
whether made to the Administrator (or his delegate) or the Director, 
must include:
    (1) The name and address of the person making the request;
    (2) Identification of the interest of the Requester which is 
affected by the categorical Pretreatment Standard for which the variance 
is requested;
    (3) Identification of the POTW currently receiving the waste from 
the Industrial User for which alternative discharge limits are 
requested;
    (4) Identification of the categorical Pretreatment Standards which 
are applicable to the Industrial User;
    (5) A list of each pollutant or pollutant parameter for which an 
alternative discharge limit is sought;
    (6) The alternative discharge limits proposed by the Requester for 
each pollutant or pollutant parameter identified in paragraph (h)(5) of 
this section;
    (7) A description of the Industrial User's existing water pollution 
control facilities;
    (8) A schematic flow representation of the Industrial User's water 
system including water supply, process wastewater systems, and points of 
Discharge; and
    (9) A Statement of facts clearly establishing why the variance 
request should be approved, including detailed support data, 
documentation, and evidence necessary to fully evaluate the merits of 
the request, e.g., technical and economic data collected by the EPA and 
used in developing each pollutant discharge limit in the Pretreatment 
Standard.
    (i) Deficient requests. The Administrator (or his delegate) or the 
Director will only act on written requests for variances that contain 
all of the information required. Persons who have made incomplete 
submissions will be notified by the Administrator (or his delegate) or 
the Director that their requests are deficient and unless the time 
period is extended, will be given up to thirty days to remedy the 
deficiency. If the deficiency is not corrected within the time period 
allowed by the Administrator (or his delegate) or the Director, the 
request for a variance shall be denied.

[[Page 49]]

    (j) Public notice. Upon receipt of a complete request, the 
Administrator (or his delegate) or the Director will provide notice of 
receipt, opportunity to review the submission, and opportunity to 
comment.
    (1) The public notice shall be circulated in a manner designed to 
inform interested and potentially interested persons of the request. 
Procedures for the circulation of public notice shall include mailing 
notices to:
    (i) The POTW into which the Industrial User requesting the variance 
discharges;
    (ii) Adjoining States whose waters may be affected; and
    (iii) Designated 208 planning agencies, Federal and State fish, 
shellfish and wildlife resource agencies; and to any other person or 
group who has requested individual notice, including those on 
appropriate mailing lists.
    (2) The public notice shall provide for a period not less than 30 
days following the date of the public notice during which time 
interested persons may review the request and submit their written views 
on the request.
    (3) Following the comment period, the Administrator (or his 
delegate) or the Director will make a determination on the request 
taking into consideration any comments received. Notice of this final 
decision shall be provided to the requester (and the Industrial User for 
which the variance is requested if different), the POTW into which the 
Industrial User discharges and all persons who submitted comments on the 
request.
    (k) Review of requests by state. (1) Where the Director finds that 
fundamentally different factors do not exist, he may deny the request 
and notify the requester (and Industrial User where they are not the 
same) and the POTW of the denial.
    (2) Where the Director finds that fundamentally different factors do 
exist, he shall forward the request, with a recommendation that the 
request be approved, to the Administrator (or his delegate).
    (l) Review of requests by EPA. (1) Where the Administrator (or his 
delegate) finds that fundamentally different factors do not exist, he 
shall deny the request for a variance and send a copy of his 
determination to the Director, to the POTW, and to the requester (and to 
the Industrial User, where they are not the same).
    (2) Where the Administrator (or his delegate) finds that 
fundamentally different factors do exist, and that a partial or full 
variance is justified, he will approve the variance. In approving the 
variance, the Administrator (or his delegate) will:
    (i) Prepare recommended alternative discharge limits for the 
Industrial User either more or less stringent than those prescribed by 
the applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard to the extent warranted 
by the demonstrated fundamentally different factors;
    (ii) Provide the following information in his written determination:
    (A) The recommended alternative discharge limits for the Industrial 
User concerned;
    (B) The rationale for the adjustment of the Pretreatment Standard 
(including the reasons for recommending that the variance be granted) 
and an explanation of how the recommended alternative discharge limits 
were derived;
    (C) The supporting evidence submitted to the Administrator (or his 
delegate); and
    (D) Other information considered by the Administrator (or his 
delegate) in developing the recommended alternative discharge limits;
    (iii) Notify the Director and the POTW of his or her determination; 
and
    (iv) Send the information described in paragraphs (l)(2) (i) and 
(ii) of this section to the Requestor (and to the Industrial User where 
they are not the same).
    (m) Request for hearing. (1) Within 30 days following the date of 
receipt of the notice of the decision of the Administrator's delegate on 
a variance request, the requester or any other interested person may 
submit a petition to the Regional Administrator for a hearing to 
reconsider or contest the decision. If such a request is submitted by a 
person other than the Industrial User the person shall simultaneously 
serve a copy of the request on the Industrial User.

[[Page 50]]

    (2) If the Regional Administrator declines to hold a hearing and the 
Regional Administrator affirms the findings of the Administrator's 
delegate the requester may submit a petition for a hearing to the 
Environmental Appeals Board (which is described in Sec. 1.25 of this 
title) within 30 days of the Regional Administrator's decision.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 49 FR 5132, Feb. 10, 1984; 50 
FR 38811, Sept. 25, 1985; 51 FR 16030, Apr. 30, 1986; 54 FR 258, Jan. 4, 
1989; 57 FR 5347, Feb. 13, 1992; 58 FR 18017, Apr. 7, 1993; 60 FR 33932, 
June 29, 1995; 70 FR 60198, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.14  Confidentiality.

    (a) EPA authorities. In accordance with 40 CFR part 2, any 
information submitted to EPA pursuant to these regulations may be 
claimed as confidential by the submitter. Any such claim must be 
asserted at the time of submission in the manner prescribed on the 
application form or instructions, or, in the case of other submissions, 
by stamping the words ``confidential business information'' on each page 
containing such information. If no claim is made at the time of 
submission, EPA may make the information available to the public without 
further notice. If a claim is asserted, the information will be treated 
in accordance with the procedures in 40 CFR part 2 (Public Information).
    (b) Effluent data. Information and data provided to the Control 
Authority pursuant to this part which is effluent data shall be 
available to the public without restriction.
    (c) State or POTW. All other information which is submitted to the 
State or POTW shall be available to the public at least to the extent 
provided by 40 CFR 2.302.



Sec. 403.15  Net/Gross calculation.

    (a) Application. Categorical Pretreatment Standards may be adjusted 
to reflect the presence of pollutants in the Industrial User's intake 
water in accordance with this section. Any Industrial User wishing to 
obtain credit for intake pollutants must make application to the Control 
Authority. Upon request of the Industrial User, the applicable Standard 
will be calculated on a ``net'' basis (i.e., adjusted to reflect credit 
for pollutants in the intake water) if the requirements of paragraph (b) 
of this section are met.
    (b) Criteria. (1) Either:
    (i) The applicable categorical Pretreatment Standards contained in 
40 CFR subchapter N specifically provide that they shall be applied on a 
net basis; or
    (ii) The Industrial User demonstrates that the control system it 
proposes or uses to meet applicable categorical Pretreatment Standards 
would, if properly installed and operated, meet the Standards in the 
absence of pollutants in the intake waters.
    (2) Credit for generic pollutants such as biochemical oxygen demand 
(BOD), total suspended solids (TSS), and oil and grease should not be 
granted unless the Industrial User demonstrates that the constituents of 
the generic measure in the User's effluent are substantially similar to 
the constituents of the generic measure in the intake water or unless 
appropriate additional limits are placed on process water pollutants 
either at the outfall or elsewhere.
    (3) Credit shall be granted only to the extent necessary to meet the 
applicable categorical Pretreatment Standard(s), up to a maximum value 
equal to the influent value. Additional monitoring may be necessary to 
determine eligibility for credits and compliance with Standard(s) 
adjusted under this section.
    (4) Credit shall be granted only if the User demonstrates that the 
intake water is drawn from the same body of water as that into which the 
POTW discharges. The Control Authority may waive this requirement if it 
finds that no environmental degradation will result.

[70 FR 60198, Oct. 14, 2005]



Sec. 403.16  Upset provision.

    (a) Definition. For the purposes of this section, Upset means an 
exceptional incident in which there is unintentional and temporary 
noncompliance with categorical Pretreatment Standards because of factors 
beyond the reasonable control of the Industrial User. An Upset does not 
include noncompliance to the extent caused by operational error, 
improperly designed

[[Page 51]]

treatment facilities, inadequate treatment facilities, lack of 
preventive maintenance, or careless or improper operation.
    (b) Effect of an upset. An Upset shall constitute an affirmative 
defense to an action brought for noncompliance with categorical 
Pretreatment Standards if the requirements of paragraph (c) are met.
    (c) Conditions necessary for a demonstration of upset. An Industrial 
User who wishes to establish the affirmative defense of Upset shall 
demonstrate, through properly signed, contemporaneous operating logs, or 
other relevant evidence that:
    (1) An Upset occurred and the Industrial User can identify the 
cause(s) of the Upset;
    (2) The facility was at the time being operated in a prudent and 
workman-like manner and in compliance with applicable operation and 
maintenance procedures;
    (3) The Industrial User has submitted the following information to 
the POTW and Control Authority within 24 hours of becoming aware of the 
Upset (if this information is provided orally, a written submission must 
be provided within five days):
    (i) A description of the Indirect Discharge and cause of 
noncompliance;
    (ii) The period of noncompliance, including exact dates and times 
or, if not corrected, the anticipated time the noncompliance is expected 
to continue;
    (iii) Steps being taken and/or planned to reduce, eliminate and 
prevent recurrence of the noncompliance.
    (d) Burden of proof. In any enforcement proceeding the Industrial 
User seeking to establish the occurrence of an Upset shall have the 
burden of proof.
    (e) Reviewability of agency consideration of claims of upset. In the 
usual exercise of prosecutorial discretion, Agency enforcement personnel 
should review any claims that non-compliance was caused by an Upset. No 
determinations made in the course of the review constitute final Agency 
action subject to judicial review. Industrial Users will have the 
opportunity for a judicial determination on any claim of Upset only in 
an enforcement action brought for noncompliance with categorical 
Pretreatment Standards.
    (f) User responsibility in case of upset. The Industrial User shall 
control production or all Discharges to the extent necessary to maintain 
compliance with categorical Pretreatment Standards upon reduction, loss, 
or failure of its treatment facility until the facility is restored or 
an alternative method of treatment is provided. This requirement applies 
in the situation where, among other things, the primary source of power 
of the treatment facility is reduced, lost or fails.

[46 FR 9439, Jan. 28, 1981, as amended at 53 FR 40615, Oct. 17, 1988]



Sec. 403.17  Bypass.

    (a) Definitions. (1) Bypass means the intentional diversion of 
wastestreams from any portion of an Industrial User's treatment 
facility.
    (2) Severe property damage means substantial physical damage to 
property, damage to the treatment facilities which causes them to become 
inoperable, or substantial and permanent loss of natural resources which 
can reasonably be expected to occur in the absence of a bypass. Severe 
property damage does not mean economic loss caused by delays in 
production.
    (b) Bypass not violating applicable Pretreatment Standards or 
Requirements. An Industrial User may allow any bypass to occur which 
does not cause Pretreatment Standards or Requirements to be violated, 
but only if it also is for essential maintenance to assure efficient 
operation. These bypasses are not subject to the provision of paragraphs 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    (c) Notice. (1) If an Industrial User knows in advance of the need 
for a bypass, it shall submit prior notice to the Control Authority, if 
possible at least ten days before the date of the bypass.
    (2) An Industrial User shall submit oral notice of an unanticipated 
bypass that exceeds applicable Pretreatment Standards to the Control 
Authority within 24 hours from the time the Industrial User becomes 
aware of the bypass. A written submission shall also be provided within 
5 days of the time the Industrial User becomes aware of the bypass. The 
written submission

[[Page 52]]

shall contain a description of the bypass and its cause; the duration of 
the bypass, including exact dates and times, and, if the bypass has not 
been corrected, the anticipated time it is expected to continue; and 
steps taken or planned to reduce, eliminate, and prevent reoccurrence of 
the bypass. The Control Authority may waive the written report on a 
case-by-case basis if the oral report has been received within 24 hours.
    (d) Prohibition of bypass. (1) Bypass is prohibited, and the Control 
Authority may take enforcement action against an Industrial User for a 
bypass, unless;
    (i) Bypass was unavoidable to prevent loss of life, personal injury, 
or severe property damage;
    (ii) There were no feasible alternatives to the bypass, such as the 
use of auxiliary treatment facilities, retention of untreated wastes, or 
maintenance during normal periods of equipment downtime. This condition 
is not satisfied if adequate back-up equipment should have been 
installed in the exercise of reasonable engineering judgment to prevent 
a bypass which occurred during normal periods of equipment downtime or 
preventative maintenance; and
    (iii) The Industrial User submitted notices as required under 
paragraph (c) of this section.
    (2) The Control Authority may approve an anticipated bypass, after 
considering its adverse effects, if the Control Authority determines 
that it will meet the three conditions listed in paragraph (d)(1) of 
this section.

[53 FR 40615, Oct. 17, 1988, as amended at 58 FR 18017, Apr. 7, 1993]



Sec. 403.18  Modification of POTW pretreatment programs.

    (a) General. Either the Approval Authority or a POTW with an 
approved POTW Pretreatment Program may initiate program modification at 
any time to reflect changing conditions at the POTW. Program 
modification is necessary whenever there is a significant change in the 
operation of a POTW Pretreatment Program that differs from the 
information in the POTW's submission, as approved under Sec. 403.11.
    (b) Substantial modifications defined. Substantial modifications 
include:
    (1) Modifications that relax POTW legal authorities (as described in 
Sec. 403.8(f)(1)), except for modifications that directly reflect a 
revision to this Part 403 or to 40 CFR chapter I, subchapter N, and are 
reported pursuant to paragraph (d) of this section;
    (2) Modifications that relax local limits, except for the 
modifications to local limits for pH and reallocations of the Maximum 
Allowable Industrial Loading of a pollutant that do not increase the 
total industrial loadings for the pollutant, which are reported pursuant 
to paragraph (d) of this section. Maximum Allowable Industrial Loading 
means the total mass of a pollutant that all Industrial Users of a POTW 
(or a subgroup of Industrial Users identified by the POTW) may discharge 
pursuant to limits developed under Sec. 403.5(c);
    (3) Changes to the POTW's control mechanism, as described in Sec. 
403.8(f)(1)(iii);
    (4) A decrease in the frequency of self-monitoring or reporting 
required of industrial users;
    (5) A decrease in the frequency of industrial user inspections or 
sampling by the POTW;
    (6) Changes to the POTW's confidentiality procedures; and
    (7) Other modifications designated as substantial modifications by 
the Approval Authority on the basis that the modification could have a 
significant impact on the operation of the POTW's Pretreatment Program; 
could result in an increase in pollutant loadings at the POTW; or could 
result in less stringent requirements being imposed on Industrial Users 
of the POTW.
    (c) Approval procedures for substantial modifications. (1) The POTW 
shall submit to the Approval Authority a statement of the basis for the 
desired program modification, a modified program description (see Sec. 
403.9(b)), or such other documents the Approval Authority determines to 
be necessary under the circumstances.
    (2) The Approval Authority shall approve or disapprove the 
modification based on the requirements of Sec. 403.8(f) and using the 
procedures in Sec. 403.11(b)

[[Page 53]]

through (f), except as provided in paragraphs (c) (3) and (4) of this 
section. The modification shall become effective upon approval by the 
Approval Authority.
    (3) The Approval Authority need not publish a notice of decision 
under Sec. 403.11(e) provided: The notice of request for approval under 
Sec. 403.11(b)(1) states that the request will be approved if no 
comments are received by a date specified in the notice; no substantive 
comments are received; and the request is approved without change.
    (4) Notices required by Sec. 403.11 may be performed by the POTW 
provided that the Approval Authority finds that the POTW notice 
otherwise satisfies the requirements of Sec. 403.11.
    (d) Approval procedures for non-substantial modifications. (1) The 
POTW shall notify the Approval Authority of any non-substantial 
modification at least 45 days prior to implementation by the POTW, in a 
statement similar to that provided for in paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section.
    (2) Within 45 days after the submission of the POTW's statement, the 
Approval Authority shall notify the POTW of its decision to approve or 
disapprove the non-substantial modification.
    (3) If the Approval Authority does not notify the POTW within 45 
days of its decision to approve or deny the modification, or to treat 
the modification as substantial under paragraph (b)(7) of this section, 
the POTW may implement the modification.
    (e) Incorporation in permit. All modifications shall be incorporated 
into the POTW's NPDES permit upon approval. The permit will be modified 
to incorporate the approved modification in accordance with 40 CFR 
122.63(g).

[62 FR 38414, July 17, 1997]



Sec. 403.19  Provisions of specific applicability to the Owatonna 
Waste Water Treatment Facility.

    (a) For the purposes of this section, the term ``Participating 
Industrial Users'' includes the following Industrial Users in the City 
of Owatonna, Minnesota: Crown Cork and Seal Company, Inc.; Cybex 
International Inc.; Josten's Inc.--Southtown Facility; SPx Corporation, 
Service Solutions Division; Truth Hardware Corporation; and Uber Tanning 
Company.
    (b) For a Participating Industrial User discharging to the Owatonna 
Waste Water Treatment Facility in Owatonna, Minnesota, when a 
categorical Pretreatment Standard is expressed in terms of pollutant 
concentration the City of Owatonna may convert the limit to a mass limit 
by multiplying the five-year, long-term average process flows of the 
Participating Industrial User (or a shorter period if production has 
significantly increased or decreased during the five year period) by the 
concentration-based categorical Pretreatment Standard. Participating 
Industrial Users must notify the City in the event production rates are 
expected to vary by more than 20 percent from a baseline production rate 
determined by Owatonna when it establishes a Participating Industrial 
User's initial mass limit. To remain eligible to receive equivalent mass 
limits the Participating Industrial User must maintain at least the same 
level of treatment as at the time the equivalent mass limit is 
established. Upon notification of a revised production rate from a 
Participating Industrial User, the City will reassess the 
appropriateness of the mass limit. Owatonna shall reestablish the 
concentration-based limit if a Participating Industrial User does not 
maintain at least the same level of treatment as when the equivalent 
mass limit was established.
    (c) If a categorical Participating Industrial User of the Owatonna 
Waste Water Treatment Facility has demonstrated through sampling and 
other technical factors, including a comparison of three years of 
effluent data with background data, that pollutants regulated through 
categorical Pretreatment Standards, other than 40 CFR part 414, are not 
expected to be present in quantities greater than the background 
influent concentration to the industrial process, the City of Owatonna 
may reduce the sampling frequency specified in Sec. 403.8(f)(2)(v) to 
once during the term of the categorical Participating Industrial User's 
permit.
    (d) If a Participating Industrial User is discharging to the 
Owatonna Waste

[[Page 54]]

Water Treatment Facility in Owatonna, Minnesota and is subject to a 
categorical Pretreatment Standard other than one codified at 40 CFR part 
414, the City of Owatonna may authorize the Participating Industrial 
User to forego sampling of a pollutant if the Participating Industrial 
User has demonstrated through sampling and other technical factors, 
including a comparison of three years of effluent data with background 
data, that the pollutant is not expected to be present in quantities 
greater than the background influent concentration to the industrial 
process, and the Participating Industrial User certifies on each report, 
with the following statement, that there has been no increase in the 
pollutant in its wastestream due to activities of the Participating 
Industrial User. The following statement is to be included as a comment 
to the periodic reports required by Sec. 403.12(e):

    ``Based on my inquiry of the person or persons directly responsible 
for managing compliance with the pretreatment standard for 40 CFR ----, 
I certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, the raw 
materials, industrial processes, and potential by-products have not 
contributed this pollutant to the wastewaters since filing of the last 
periodic report under 40 CFR 403.12(e).''

    (e) If the average daily loading from the Participating Industrial 
Users to the Owatonna Waste Water Treatment Facility is equal to or less 
than 0.68 pounds per day of chromium, 0.25 pounds per day of copper, 
1.17 pounds per day of nickel, and 1.01 pounds per day of zinc, Owatonna 
may authorize a categorical Participating Industrial User to satisfy the 
reporting requirements of Sec. 403.12(e) with an annual report provided 
on a date specified by Owatonna, provided that the Participating 
Industrial User has no reasonable potential to violate a Pretreatment 
Standard for any pollutant for which reduced monitoring is being 
allowed, and has not been in Significant Noncompliance within the 
previous three years.
    (f) The Owatonna Waste Water Treatment Facility in Owatonna, 
Minnesota shall post public notice of all Significant Noncompliance 
subject to the publication requirement in Sec. 403.8(f)(2)(vii) at the 
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency website for a period of one year, as 
soon as practicable upon identifying the violations. In addition, the 
Owatonna Waste Water Treatment Facility shall post an explanation of how 
Significant Noncompliance is determined, and a contact name and phone 
number for information regarding other, non-Significant Noncompliance 
violations. If a violation is not corrected within thirty (30) calendar 
days or results in pass through or interference at the Owatonna Waste 
Water Treatment Facility, publication must also be made in the format 
specified in Sec. 403.8(f)(2)(vii).
    (g) The provisions of this section shall expire on October 6, 2005.

[65 FR 59747, Oct. 6, 2000]



Sec. 403.20  Pretreatment Program Reinvention Pilot Projects Under Project XL.

    The Approval Authority may allow any publicly owned treatment works 
(POTW) that has a final ``Project XL'' agreement to implement a 
Pretreatment Program that includes legal authorities and requirements 
that are different than the administrative requirements otherwise 
applicable under this part. The POTW must submit any such alternative 
requirements as a substantial program modification in accordance with 
the procedures outlined in Sec. 403.18. The approved modified program 
must be incorporated as an enforceable part of the POTW's NPDES permit. 
The Approval Authority must include a reopener clause in the POTW's 
NPDES permit that directs the POTW to discontinue implementing the 
approved alternative requirements and resume implementation of its 
previously approved pretreatment program if the Approval Authority 
determines that the primary objectives of the Local Pilot Pretreatment 
Program are not being met or the ``Project XL'' agreement expires or is 
otherwise terminated.

[66 FR 50339, Oct. 3, 2001]

[[Page 55]]



               Sec. Appendixes A-C to Part 403 [Reserved]



     Sec. Appendix D to Part 403--Selected Industrial Subcategories 
   Considered Dilute for Purposes of the Combined Wastestream Formula

    The following industrial subcategories are considered to have dilute 
wastestreams for purposes of the combined wastestream formula. They 
either were or could have been excluded from categorical pretreatment 
standards pursuant to paragraph 8 of the Natural Resources Defense 
Council, Inc., et al. v. Costle Consent Decree for one or more of the 
following four reasons: (1) The pollutants of concern are not detectable 
in the effluent from the industrial user (paragraph 8(a)(iii)); (2) the 
pollutants of concern are present only in trace amounts and are neither 
causing nor likely to cause toxic effects (paragraph 8(a)(iii)); (3) the 
pollutants of concern are present in amounts too small to be effectively 
reduced by technologies known to the Administrator (paragraph 
8(a)(iii)); or (4) the wastestream contains only pollutants which are 
compatible with the POTW (paragraph 8(b)(i)). In some instances, 
different rationales were given for exclusion under paragraph 8. 
However, EPA has reviewed these subcategories and has determined that 
exclusion could have occurred due to one of the four reasons listed 
above.
    This list is complete as of October 9, 1986. It will be updated 
periodically for the convenience of the reader.
Auto and Other Laundries (40 CFR part 444)
    Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning
    Coin-Operated Laundries and Dry Cleaning
    Diaper Services
    Dry Cleaning Plants except Rug Cleaning
    Industrial Laundries
    Laundry and Garment Services, Not Elsewhere Classified
    Linen Supply
    Power Laundries, Family and Commercial
Electrical and Electronic Components \1\ (40 CFR part 469)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The Paragraph 8 exemption for the manufacture of products in the 
Electrical and Electronic Components Category is for operations not 
covered by Electroplating/Metal Finishing pretreatment regulations (40 
CFR parts 413/433).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Capacitors (Fluid Fill)
    Carbon and Graphite Products
    Dry Transformers
    Ferrite Electronic Devices
    Fixed Capacitors
    Fluorescent Lamps
    Fuel Cells
    Incandescent Lamps
    Magnetic Coatings
    Mica Paper Dielectric
    Motors, Generators, Alternators
    Receiving and Transmitting Tubes
    Resistance Heaters
    Resistors
    Swithchgear
    Transformer (Fluid Fill)
Metal Molding and Casting (40 CFR part 464)
    Nickel Casting
    Tin Casting
    Titanium Casting
Gum and Wood Chemicals (40 CFR part 454)
    Char and Charcoal Briquets
Inorganic Chemicals Manufacturing (40 CFR part 415)
    Ammonium Chloride
    Ammonium Hydroxide
    Barium Carbonate
    Calcium Carbonate
    Carbon Dioxide
    Carbon Monoxide and Byproduct Hydrogen
    Hydrochloric Acid
    Hydrogen Peroxide (Organic Process)
    Nitric Acid
    Oxygen and Nitrogen
    Potassium Iodide
    Sodium Chloride (Brine Mining Process)
    Sodium Hydrosulfide
    Sodium Hydrosulfite
    Sodium Metal
    Sodium Silicate
    Sodium Thiosulfate
    Sulfur Dioxide
    Sulfuric Acid
Leather (40 CFR part 425)
    Gloves
    Luggage
Paving and Roofing (40 CFR part 443)
    Asphalt Concrete
    Asphalt Emulsion
    Linoleum
    Printed Asphalt Felt
    Roofing
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard, and Builders' Paper and Board Mills (40 CFR 
          parts 430 and 431)
    Groundwood-Chemi-Mechanical
Rubber Manufacturing (40 CFR part 428)
    Tire and Inner Tube Plants
    Emulsion Crumb Rubber
    Solution Crumb Rubber
    Latex Rubber
    Small-sized General Molded, Extruded and Fabricated Rubber Plants, 
\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ Footnote: Except for production attributed to lead-sheathed hose 
manufacturing operations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Medium-sided General Molded, Extruded and Fabricated Rubber Plants 
\2\
    Large-sized General Molded, Extruded and Fabricated Rubber Plants 
\2\
    Wet Digestion Reclaimed Rubber
    Pan, Dry Digestion, and Mechanical Reclaimed Rubber

[[Page 56]]

    Latex Dipped, Latex-Extruded, and Latex-Molded Rubber \3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ Footnote: Except for production attributed to chromic acid form-
cleaning operations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Latex Foam \4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ Footnote: Except for production that generates zinc as a 
pollutant in discharge.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Soap and Detergent Manufacturing (40 CFR part 417)
    Soap Manufacture by Batch Kettle
    Fatty Acid Manufacture by Fat Splitting
    Soap Manufacture by Fatty Acid
     Neutralization
    Glycerine Concentration
    Glycerine Distillation
    Manufacture of Soap Flakes and Powders
    Manufacture of Bar Soaps
    Manufacture of Liquid Soaps
    Manufacture of Spray Dried Detergents
    Manufacture of Liquid Detergents
    Manufacture of Dry Blended Detergents
    Manufacture of Drum Dried Detergents
    Manufacture of Detergent Bars and Cakes
Textile Mills (40 CFR part 410)
    Apparel manufacturing
    Cordage and Twine
    Padding and Upholstery Filling
Timber Products Processing (40 CFR part 429)
    Barking Process
    Finishing Processes
    Hardboard--Dry Process

[51 FR 36372, Oct. 9, 1986]



            Sec. Appendix E to Part 403--Sampling Procedures

                           I. Composite Method

    A. It is recommended that influent and effluent operational data be 
obtained through 24-hour flow proportional composite samples. Sampling 
may be done manually or automatically, and discretely or continuously. 
If discrete sampling is employed, at least 12 aliquots should be 
composited. Discrete sampling may be flow proportioned either by varying 
the time interval between each aliquot or the volume of each aliquot. 
All composites should be flow proportional to either the stream flow at 
the time of collection of the influent aliquot or to the total influent 
flow since the previous influent aliquot. Volatile pollutant aliquots 
must be combined in the laboratory immediately before analysis.
    B. Effluent sample collection need not be delayed to compensate for 
hydraulic detention unless the POTW elects to include detention time 
compensation or unless the Approval Authority requires detention time 
compensation. The Approval Authority may require that each effluent 
sample is taken approximately one detention time later than the 
corresponding influent sample when failure to do so would result in an 
unrepresentative portrayal of actual POTW operation. The detention 
period should be based on a 24-hour average daily flow value. The 
average daily flow should in turn be based on the average of the daily 
flows during the same month of the previous year.

                             II. Grab Method

    If composite sampling is not an appropriate technique, grab samples 
should be taken to obtain influent and effluent operational data. A grab 
sample is an individual sample collected over a period of time not 
exceeding 15 minutes. The collection of influent grab samples should 
precede the collection of effluent samples by approximately one 
detention period except that where the detention period is greater than 
24 hours such staggering of the sample collection may not be necessary 
or appropriate. The detention period should be based on a 24-hour 
average daily flow value. The average daily flow should in turn be based 
upon the average of the daily flows during the same month of the 
previous year. Grab sampling should be employed where the pollutants 
being evaluated are those, such as cyanide and phenol, which may not be 
held for an extended period because of biological, chemical or physical 
interaction which take place after sample collection and affect the 
results.

[49 FR 31225, Aug. 3, 1984]



                 Sec. Appendix F to Part 403 [Reserved]



  Sec. Appendix G to Part 403--Pollutants Eligible for a Removal Credit

    I. Regulated Pollutants in Part 503 Eligible for a Removal Credit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Use or disposal practice
          Pollutants           -----------------------------------------
                                     LA            SD             I
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arsenic.......................  X             X             X
Beryllium.....................  ............  ............  X
Cadmium.......................  X             ............  X
Chromium......................  ............  X             X
Copper........................  X
Lead..........................  X             ............  X
Mercury.......................  X             ............  X
Molybdenum....................  X
Nickel........................  X             X             X
Selenium......................  X
Zinc..........................  X
Total hydrocarbons............  ............  ............  X \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Key:
LA--land application.
SD--surface disposal site without a liner and leachate collection
  system.
I--firing of sewage sludge in a sewage sludge incinerator.

[[Page 57]]

 
\1\ The following organic pollutants are eligible for a removal credit
  if the requirements for total hydrocarbons (or carbon monoxide) in
  subpart E in 40 CFR Part 503 are met when sewage sludge is fired in a
  sewage sludge incinerator: Acrylonitrile, ldrin/Dieldrin(total),
  Benzene, Benzidine, Benzo(a)pyrene, Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether, Bis(2-
  ethylhexyl)phthalate, Bromodichloromethane, Bromoethane, Bromoform,
  Carbon tetrachloride, Chlordane, Chloroform, Chloromethane, DDD, DDE,
  DDT, Dibromochloromethane, Dibutyl phthalate, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-
  dichloroethylene, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 1,3-dichloropropene, Diethyl
  phthalate, 2,4-dinitrophenol, 1,2-diphenylhydrazine, Din-butyl
  phthalate, Endosulfan, Endrin, Ethylbenzene, Heptachlor, Heptachlor
  epoxide, Hexachlorobutadiene, Alphahexachlorocyclohexane, Beta-
  hexachlorocyclohexane, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Hexachloroethane,
  Hydrogen cyanide, Isophorone, Lindane, Methylene chloride,
  Nitrobenzene, N-Nitrosodimethylamine, N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine,
  Pentachlorophenol, Phenol, Polychlorinated biphenyls, 2,3,7,8-
  tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 1,1,2,2,-tetrachloroethane,
  Tetrachloroethylene, Toluene, Toxaphene, Trichloroethylene, 1,2,4-
  Trichlorobenzene, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, and
  2,4,6-Trichlorophenol.


                             II. Additional Pollutants Eligible for a Removal Credit
                                   [Milligrams per kilogram--dry weight basis]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Use or disposal practice
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
                        Pollutant                                              Surface disposal
                                                               LA      --------------------------------     I
                                                                          Unlined \1\      Lined \2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arsenic.................................................  ............  ..............     \3\ 100      ........
Aldrin/Dieldrin (Total).................................           2.7  ..............  ..............  ........
Benzene.................................................      \3\ 16           140            3400      ........
Benzo(a)pyrene..........................................          15       \3\ 100         \3\ 100      ........
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate..............................  ............     \3\ 100         \3\ 100      ........
Cadmium.................................................  ............     \3\ 100         \3\ 100      ........
Chlordane...............................................          86       \3\ 100         \3\ 100      ........
Chromium (total)........................................     \3\ 100    ..............     \3\ 100      ........
Copper..................................................  ............      \3\ 46             100        1400
DDD, DDE, DDT (Total)...................................           1.2        2000            2000      ........
2,4 Dichlorophenoxy-acetic acid.........................  ............           7               7      ........
Fluoride................................................         730    ..............  ..............  ........
Heptachlor..............................................           7.4  ..............  ..............  ........
Hexachlorobenzene.......................................          29    ..............  ..............  ........
Hexachlorobutadiene.....................................         600    ..............  ..............  ........
Iron....................................................      \3\ 78    ..............  ..............  ........
Lead....................................................  ............     \3\ 100         \3\ 100      ........
Lindane.................................................          84        \3\ 28          \3\ 28      ........
Malathion...............................................  ............           0.63            0.63   ........
Mercury.................................................  ............     \3\ 100         \3\ 100      ........
Molybdenum..............................................  ............          40              40      ........
Nickel..................................................  ............  ..............     \3\ 100      ........
N-Nitrosodimethylamine..................................           2.1           0.088           0.088  ........
Pentachlorophenol.......................................          30    ..............  ..............  ........
Phenol..................................................  ............          82              82      ........
Polychlorinated biphenyls...............................           4.6         <50             <50      ........
Selenium................................................  ............           4.8             4.8         4.8
Toxaphene...............................................          10        \3\ 26          \3\ 26      ........
Trichloroethylene.......................................      \3\ 10          9500          \3\ 10      ........
Zinc....................................................  ............        4500            4500        4500
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Active sewage sludge unit without a liner and leachate collection system.
\2\ Active sewage sludge unit with a liner and leachate collection system.
\3\ Value expressed in grams per kilogram--dry weight basis.
Key: LA--land application.
I--incineration.


[60 FR 54768, Oct. 25, 1995, as amended at 65 FR 42567, Aug. 4, 1999; 70 
FR 60198, Oct. 14, 2005]

[[Page 58]]



PART 405_DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY--
Table of Contents




                Subpart A_Receiving Stations Subcategory

Sec.
405.10 Applicability; description of the receiving stations subcategory.
405.11 Specialized definitions.
405.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.13 [Reserved]
405.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.15 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                  Subpart B_Fluid Products Subcategory

405.20 Applicability; description of the fluid products subcategory.
405.21 Specialized definitions.
405.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.23 [Reserved]
405.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.25 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                 Subpart C_Cultured Products Subcategory

405.30 Applicability; description of the cultured products subcategory.
405.31 Specialized definitions.
405.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.33 [Reserved]
405.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.35 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                      Subpart D_Butter Subcategory

405.40 Applicability; description of the butter subcategory.
405.41 Specialized definitions.
405.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.43 [Reserved]
405.44 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.45 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.47 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

     Subpart E_Cottage Cheese and Cultured Cream Cheese Subcategory

405.50 Applicability; description of the cottage cheese and cultured 
          cream cheese subcategory.
405.51 Specialized definitions.
405.52 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.53 [Reserved]
405.54 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.55 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.56 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.57 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

           Subpart F_Natural and Processed Cheese Subcategory

405.60 Applicability; description of the natural and processed cheese 
          subcategory.
405.61 Specialized definitions.
405.62 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best

[[Page 59]]

          practicable control technology currently available.
405.63 [Reserved]
405.64 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.65 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.66 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.67 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

 Subpart G_Fluid Mix for Ice Cream and Other Frozen Desserts Subcategory

405.70 Applicability; description of the fluid mix for ice cream and 
          other frozen desserts subcategory.
405.71 Specialized definitions.
405.72 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.73 [Reserved]
405.74 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.75 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.76 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.77 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

Subpart H_Ice Cream, Frozen Desserts, Novelties and Other Dairy Desserts 
                               Subcategory

405.80 Applicability; description of the ice cream, frozen desserts, 
          novelties and other dairy desserts subcategory.
405.81 Specialized definitions.
405.82 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.83 [Reserved]
405.84 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.85 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.86 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.87 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                  Subpart I_Condensed Milk Subcategory

405.90 Applicability; description of the condensed milk subcategory.
405.91 Specialized definitions.
405.92 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.93 [Reserved]
405.94 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.95 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.96 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.97 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                     Subpart J_Dry Milk Subcategory

405.100 Applicability; description of the dry milk subcategory.
405.101 Specialized definitions.
405.102 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.103 [Reserved]
405.104 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.105 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.106 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.107 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                  Subpart K_Condensed Whey Subcategory

405.110 Applicability; description of the condensed whey subcategory.
405.111 Specialized definitions.
405.112 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.113 [Reserved]
405.114 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.115 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.116 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.117 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

[[Page 60]]

                     Subpart L_Dry Whey Subcategory

405.120 Applicability; description of the dry whey subcategory.
405.121 Specialized definitions.
405.122 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
405.123 [Reserved]
405.124 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
405.125 Standards of performance for new sources.
405.126 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
405.127 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c) and 307(c) of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (the Act); 33 U.S.C. 
1251, 1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), and 1317(c); 86 Stat. 
816, et seq., Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

    Source: 39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



                Subpart A_Receiving Stations Subcategory



Sec. 405.10  Applicability; description of the receiving stations subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the operation of receiving stations engaged in the 
assembly and reshipment of bulk milk for the use of manufacturing or 
processing plants.



Sec. 405.11  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.12  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent 
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For receiving stations receiving more than 150,000 lb/day of 
milk equivalent (15,600 lb/day or more of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.475             0.190
TSS.......................................       0.713              .285
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.048             0.019
TSS.......................................       0.071              .029
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For receiving stations receiving 150,000 lb/day or less of milk 
equivalent (under 15,600 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.625             0.313
TSS.......................................       0.938              .469
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.063             0.031
TSS.......................................       0.094              .047
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 61]]



Sec. 405.13  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6434, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.15  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.100             0.050
TSS.......................................       0.126              .063
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.010             0.005
TSS.......................................       0.013              .006
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.17  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.12 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



                  Subpart B_Fluid Products Subcategory



Sec. 405.20  Applicability; description of the fluid products subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of market milk (ranging from 3.5 percent 
fat to fat-free), flavored milk (chocolate and others) and cream (of 
various fat concentrations, plain and whipped).



Sec. 405.21  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.

[[Page 62]]



Sec. 405.22  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For fluid products plants receiving more than 250,000 lb/day of 
milk equivalent (more than 25,900 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       3.375             1.350
TSS.......................................       5.506             2.025
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.338             0.135
TSS.......................................       0.551              .203
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For fluid products plants receiving 250,000 lb/day or less of 
milk equivalent (less than 25,900 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        4.50             2.250
TSS.......................................       6.750             3.375
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.450             0.225
TSS.......................................       0.675              .338
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 39 FR 32994, Sept. 13, 1974; 
60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.23  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6434, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.25  Standards of performance for new sources.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.740             0.370
TSS.......................................       0.925              .463
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.074             0.037
TSS.......................................       0.093              .046
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 63]]



Sec. 405.27  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.22 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



                 Subpart C_Cultured Products Subcategory



Sec. 405.30  Applicability; description of the cultured products subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable discharges resulting 
from the manufacture of cultured products, including cultured skim milk 
(cultured buttermilk), yoghurt, sour cream and dips of various types.



Sec. 405.31  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.32  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For cultured products plants receiving more than 60,000 lb/day 
of milk equivalent (more than 6,200 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       3.375             1.350
TSS.......................................       5.063             2.025
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.338             0.135
TSS.......................................       0.506              .203
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For cultured products plants receiving 60,000 lb/day or less of 
milk equivalent (less than 6,200 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        4.50             2.250
TSS.......................................       6.750            .3.375
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.450             0.225
TSS.......................................       0.675              .338
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 64]]



Sec. 405.33  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6434, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.35  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.740             0.370
TSS.......................................       0.926              .463
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.074             0.037
TSS.......................................       0.093              .046
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.37  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.32 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



                      Subpart D_Butter Subcategory



Sec. 405.40  Applicability; description of the butter subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of butter, either by churning or 
continuous process.



Sec. 405.41  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.

[[Page 65]]



Sec. 405.42  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For plants processing more than 175,000 lb/day of milk 
equivalent (more than 18,180 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       1.375             0.550
TSS.......................................       2.063              .825
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.138             0.055
TSS.......................................       0.206              .083
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For plants processing 175,000 lb/day or less of milk equivalent 
(less than 18,180 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       1.825             0.913
TSS.......................................       2.738             1.369
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.183             0.091
TSS.......................................        .274              .137
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.43  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.44  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6434, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33933, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.45  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.160             0.080
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.016             0.008
TSS.......................................       0.020              .010
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.46  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned

[[Page 66]]

treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.47  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.42 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



     Subpart E_Cottage Cheese and Cultured Cream Cheese Subcategory



Sec. 405.50  Applicability; description of the cottage cheese and cultured 
cream cheese subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of cottage cheese and cultured cream 
cheese.



Sec. 405.51  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.52  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For plants processing more than 25,000 lb/day of milk equivalent 
(more than 2,600 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        6.70             2.680
TSS.......................................      10.050             4.020
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.670             0.268
TSS.......................................       1.005              .402
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For plants processing 25,000 lb/day or less of milk equivalent 
(less than 2,600 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       8.926             4.463
TSS.......................................      13.388             6.694
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.893             0.446
TSS.......................................       1.339              .669
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 67]]



Sec. 405.53  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.54  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6434, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.55  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       1.480             0.740
TSS.......................................       1.850              .925
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.148             0.074
TSS.......................................       0.185              .093
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.56  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.57  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.52 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



           Subpart F_Natural and Processed Cheese Subcategory



Sec. 405.60  Applicability; description of the natural and processed
cheese subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of natural cheese (hard curd) and 
processed cheese.



Sec. 405.61  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter, shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.

[[Page 68]]



Sec. 405.62  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For plants processing more than 100,000 lb/day of milk 
equivalent (more than 10,390 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.716             0.290
TSS.......................................       1.088              .435
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.073             0.029
TSS.......................................       0.109              .044
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For plants processing 100,000 lb/day or less of milk equivalent 
(less than 10,390 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.976             0.488
TSS.......................................       1.462              .731
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.098             0.049
TSS.......................................       0.146              .073
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 39 FR 32993, Sept. 13, 1974; 
60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.63  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.64  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6434, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.65  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.160             0.080
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.016             0.008
TSS.......................................       0.020              .010
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.66  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned

[[Page 69]]

treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.67  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.62 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



 Subpart G_Fluid Mix for Ice Cream and Other Frozen Desserts Subcategory



Sec. 405.70  Applicability; description of the fluid mix for ice cream
and other frozen desserts subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of fluid mixes for ice cream and other 
frozen desserts for later freezing in other plants; it does not include 
freezing of the products as one of the affected operations.



Sec. 405.71  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.72  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For plants with a dairy products input of more than 85,000 lb/
day of milk equivalent (more than 8,830 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.20             0.880
TSS.......................................        3.30             1.320
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.220             0.068
TSS.......................................       0.330              .132
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For plants with a dairy products input of 85,000 lb/day or less 
of milk equivalent (less than 8.830 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       2.926             1.463
TSS.......................................       4.388             2.194
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.293             0.146
TSS.......................................       0.439              .219
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[[Page 70]]


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 39 FR 32993, Sept. 13, 1974; 
60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.73  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.74  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6435, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.75  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.480             0.240
TSS.......................................        0.60               .30
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.048             0.024
TSS.......................................       0.060              .030
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.76  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.77  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.72 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



Subpart H_Ice Cream, Frozen Desserts, Novelties and Other Dairy Desserts 
                               Subcategory



Sec. 405.80  Applicability; description of the ice cream, frozen desserts,
novelties and other dairy desserts subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of ice cream, ice milk, sherbert, water 
ices, stick confections, frozen novelties products, frozen desserts, 
melorine, pudding and other dairy product base desserts. If fluid mixes 
prepared at another plant are employed, the appropriate values from 
subpart G should be deducted from the limitations.



Sec. 405.81  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter, shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by

[[Page 71]]

factors of 0.890, 1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., 
lactic acids) should be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input 
materials may be based on either direct analyses or generally accepted 
published values.



Sec. 405.82  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For plants with a dairy products input of more than 85,000 lb/
day of milk equivalent (more than 8,830 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        4.60             1.840
TSS.......................................        6.90             2.760
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.460             0.184
TSS.......................................        .690             0.276
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For plants with a dairy products input of 85,000 lb/day or less 
of milk equivalent (less than 8,830 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       6.126             3.063
TSS.......................................       9.188             4.594
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.613             0.306
TSS.......................................        .919              .459
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.83  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.84  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6435, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.85  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.940             0.470
TSS.......................................       1.175              .588
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------

[[Page 72]]

 
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.094             0.047
TSS.......................................       0.118              .059
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.86  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33934, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.87  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.82 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



                  Subpart I_Condensed Milk Subcategory



Sec. 405.90  Applicability; description of the condensed milk subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of condensed whole milk, condensed skim 
milk, sweetened condensed milk and condensed buttermilk.



Sec. 405.91  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.92  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For plants condensing more than 100,000 lb/day of milk 
equivalent (more than 10,390 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       3.450             1.380
TSS.......................................       5.175             2.070
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.345             0.138
TSS.......................................       0.518              .207
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For plants condensing 100,000 lb/day or less of milk equivalent 
(less than 10,390 lb/day of BOD5 input).

[[Page 73]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        4.60              2.30
TSS.......................................        6.90              .450
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.460             0.230
TSS.......................................       0.690              .345
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (c) For plants in the size range covered by paragraph (b) once-
through barometric condenser water may be discharged untreated if the 
composite net entrainment is below 15 mg/l of BOD5 for any one day and 
below 10 mg/l of BOD5 as the average for thirty consecutive days.

[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 39 FR 32993, Sept. 13, 1974; 
60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.93  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.94  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6435, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.95  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.760             0.380
TSS.......................................       0.950              .475
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.076             0.038
TSS.......................................       0.095              .048
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 39 FR 32994, Sept. 13, 1974]



Sec. 405.96  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.97  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.92 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]

[[Page 74]]



                     Subpart J_Dry Milk Subcategory



Sec. 405.100  Applicability; description of the dry milk subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of dry whole milk, dry skim milk and dry 
buttermilk.



Sec. 405.101  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``BOD5 input'' shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand 
of the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by 
multiplying the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 
1.031 and 0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should 
be included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be 
based on either direct analysis or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.102  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For milk drying plants with an input equivalent to more than 
145,000 lb/day of milk equivalent (more than 15,070 lb/day of BOD5 
input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       1.625             0.650
TSS.......................................       2.438              .975
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.163             0.065
TSS.......................................       0.244              .098
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For milk drying plants with an input equivalent to 145,000 lb/
day or less of milk equivalent (less than 15,070 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       2.176             1.088
TSS.......................................       3.276             1.638
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.218             0.109
TSS.......................................       0.328              .164
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.103  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.104  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 75]]


[40 FR 6435, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.105  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
 
BOD5......................................       0.036             0.018
TSS.......................................       0.450              .225
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.036             0.018
TSS.......................................       0.045              .023
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 39 FR 32993, Sept. 13, 1974]



Sec. 405.106  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.107  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.102 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



                  Subpart K_Condensed Whey Subcategory



Sec. 405.110  Applicability; description of the condensed whey subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of condensed sweet whey and condensed 
acid whey.



Sec. 405.111  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term BOD5 input shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand of 
the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by multiplying 
the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 1.031 and 
0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should be 
included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be based 
on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.112  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For whey condensing plants with over 300,000 lb/day of fluid raw 
whey input (over 20,700 lb/day of solids or 14,160 lb/day of BOD5 
input).

[[Page 76]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.00             0.400
TSS.......................................        1.50              .600
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.100             0.040
TSS.......................................       0.150              .060
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For whey condensing plants with 300,000 lb/day or less of raw 
fluid whey input (less than 20,700 lb/day of solids or 14,160 lb/day of 
BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.30             0.650
TSS.......................................       1.950              .975
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.130             0.065
TSS.......................................       0.195              .098
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (c) For plants in the size range covered in paragraph (b) once-
through barometric condenser water may be discharged untreated if the 
composite net entrainment is below 15 mg/1 of BOD5 for any one day and 
below 10 mg/1 of BOD5 as the average for thirty consecutive days.

[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.113  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.114  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6435, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.115  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.220             0.110
TSS.......................................       0.276              .138
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.022             0.011
TSS.......................................       0.028              .014
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.116  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.117  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall

[[Page 77]]

achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of 
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
conventional pollutant control technology (BCT): The limitations shall 
be the same as those specified for conventional pollutants (which are 
defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 405.112 of this subpart for the best 
practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



                     Subpart L_Dry Whey Subcategory



Sec. 405.120  Applicability; description of the dry whey subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacture of sweet or acid dry whey.



Sec. 405.121  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term BOD5 input shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand of 
the materials entered into process. It can be calculated by multiplying 
the fats, proteins and carbohydrates by factors of 0.890, 1.031 and 
0.691 respectively. Organic acids (e.g., lactic acids) should be 
included as carbohydrates. Composition of input materials may be based 
on either direct analyses or generally accepted published values.



Sec. 405.122  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) For whey drying plants with an input equivalent to more than 
57,000 lb/day of 40 percent solids whey (22,800 lb/day of solids or 
15,620 lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.00             0.400
TSS.......................................        1.50              .600
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.100             0.040
TSS.......................................       0.150              .060
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) For whey drying plants with an input equivalent to 57,000 lb/day 
or less of 40 percent solids whey (under 22,800 lb/day solids or 15,620 
lb/day of BOD5 input).

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.30             0.650
TSS.......................................        1.95              .975
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.130             0.065
TSS.......................................       0.195              .098
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 18597, May 28, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.123  [Reserved]



Sec. 405.124  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a

[[Page 78]]

publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6435, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.125  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                               1,000 kg of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.220             0.110
TSS.......................................       0.275              .138
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                100 lb of BOD5 input)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.022             0.011
TSS.......................................       0.023              .014
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 405.126  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33935, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 405.127  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
405.122 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24996, July 9, 1986]



PART 406_GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY--Table of Contents




                 Subpart A_Corn Wet Milling Subcategory

Sec.
406.10 Applicability; description of the corn wet milling subcategory.
406.11 Specialized definitions.
406.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.13 [Reserved]
406.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
406.15 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

                 Subpart B_Corn Dry Milling Subcategory

406.20 Applicability; description of the corn dry milling subcategory.
406.21 Specialized definitions.
406.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.23 [Reserved]
406.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
406.25 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

            Subpart C_Normal Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory

406.30 Applicability; description of the normal wheat flour milling 
          subcategory.
406.31 Specialized definitions.

[[Page 79]]

406.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.33 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
406.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
406.35 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

            Subpart D_Bulgur Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory

406.40 Applicability; description of the bulgur wheat flour milling 
          subcategory.
406.41 Specialized definitions.
406.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.43 [Reserved]
406.44 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
406.45 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.47 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                Subpart E_Normal Rice Milling Subcategory

406.50 Applicability; description of the normal rice milling 
          subcategory.
406.51 Specialized definitions.
406.52 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.53 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
406.54 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
406.55 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.56 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.57 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

             Subpart F_Parboiled Rice Processing Subcategory

406.60 Applicability; description of the parboiled rice processing 
          subcategory.
406.61 Specialized definitions.
406.62 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.63 [Reserved]
406.64 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
406.65 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.66 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.67 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                    Subpart G_Animal Feed Subcategory

406.70 Applicability; description of the animal feed subcategory.
406.71 Specialized definitions.
406.72 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.73 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
406.74 [Reserved]
406.75 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.76 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.77 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                    Subpart H_Hot Cereal Subcategory

406.80 Applicability; description of the hot cereal subcategory.
406.81 Specialized definitions.
406.82 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.

[[Page 80]]

406.83 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
406.84 [Reserved]
406.85 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.86 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.87 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                Subpart I_Ready-to-Eat Cereal Subcategory

406.90 Applicability; description of the ready-to-eat cereal 
          subcategory.
406.91 Specialized definitions.
406.92 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.93-406.94 [Reserved]
406.95 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.96 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.97 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

              Subpart J_Wheat Starch and Gluten Subcategory

406.100 Applicability; description of the wheat starch and gluten 
          subcategory.
406.101 Specialized definitions.
406.102 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
406.103-406.104 [Reserved]
406.105 Standards of performance for new sources.
406.106 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
406.107 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307(c) of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; 33 U.S.C. 1251, 
1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317(c); 86 Stat. 816 et seq., 
Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

    Source: 39 FR 10513, Mar. 20, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



                 Subpart A_Corn Wet Milling Subcategory



Sec. 406.10  Applicability; description of the corn wet milling subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which shelled corn is steeped in a dilute 
solution of sulfurous acid and then processed by wet means into such 
products as animal feed, regular and modified starches, corn oil, corn 
syrup, and dextrose.



Sec. 406.11  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term corn shall mean the shelled corn delivered to a plant 
before processing.
    (c) The term standard bushel shall mean a bushel of shelled corn 
weighing 56 pounds.
    (d) The abbreviation MSBu shall mean 1000 standard bushels.



Sec. 406.12  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, and 
subject to the provisions in paragraph (b) of this section, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.67              0.89
TSS.......................................        4.32              1.08
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------

[[Page 81]]

 
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         150                50
TSS.......................................         240                60
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) The limitations given in paragraph (a) of this section for BOD5 
and TSS are derived for a point source producing products standards to 
the corn wet milling industry. For those plants producing modified 
starches at a rate of at least 15 percent by dry-basis weight of total 
sweetener and starch products per month for 12 consecutive months, the 
following limitations should be used to derive an additive adjustment to 
the discharge allowed by paragraph (a) of this section:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.81              0.27
TSS.......................................        2.16               .54
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          45                15
TSS.......................................         120                30
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[39 FR 10513, Mar. 20, 1974, as amended at 42 FR 62371, Dec. 12, 1977; 
60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.13  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33036, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.15  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.08              0.36
TSS.......................................        1.35               .45
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          60                20
TSS.......................................          75                25
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[41 FR 50823, Nov. 18, 1976]



Sec. 406.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the provisions set forth in paragraph 
(a) of this section apply, as well as the following pretreatment 
standard which establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties controlled by this section which may be discharged 
to publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.

[[Page 82]]

 
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (a) Process waste water shall not be discharged to a POTW at a flow 
rate or pollutant mass loading rate which is excessive over any time 
period during the peak load at a POTW. Excessive discharges are defined 
as those in which the flow of BOD5 or total suspended solids (TSS) 
exceed the respective values of P from the following formula:

P = K(Q+R)-S

where:

P = maximum allowable peak waste load for the new corn wet milling 
source to be discharged to the POTW (gallons per one hour for flow and 
pounds per day for BOD5 and TSS).
Q = average existing waste load to POTW.
R = average waste load for the new corn wet milling source to be 
discharged to POTW.
S = existing peak load of POTW.
K = 2. When the ratio of (S/Q) is greater than 1.5, K = 3.

    Calculations are to be based on dry weather conditions.

[40 FR 52016, Nov. 7, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.17  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology.
    (a) Subject to the provisions in paragraph (b) of this section, the 
following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart 
after application of the best available technology economically 
achievable:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.08              0.36
TSS.......................................        1.62               .54
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          60                20
TSS.......................................          90                30
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) The limitations given in paragraph (a) of this section for BOD5 
and TSS are derived for a point source producing products standard to 
the corn wet milling industry. For those plants producing modified 
starches at a rate of at least 15 percent by dry-basis weight of total 
sweetener and starch products per month for 12 consecutive months, the 
following limitations should be used to derive an additive adjustment to 
the discharge allowed by paragraph (a) of this section:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.43              0.14
TSS.......................................        0.66               .22
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          24                 8
TSS.......................................          36                12
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[42 FR 62372, Dec. 12, 1977. Redesignated and amended at 44 FR 50739, 
Aug. 29, 1979]

    Effective Date Note: Section 406.17 was indefinitely suspended at 45 
FR 45582, July 7, 1980.

[[Page 83]]



                 Subpart B_Corn Dry Milling Subcategory



Sec. 406.20  Applicability; description of the corn dry milling subcategory.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which shelled corn is washed and 
subsequently milled by dry processes into such products as corn meal, 
grits, flour, oil, and animal feed.
    (b) The provisions of this subpart do not apply to discharges from 
subsequent manufacturing operations to produce expanded or extruded feed 
or feed products.



Sec. 406.21  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term corn shall mean the shelled corn delivered to a plant 
before processing.
    (c) The term standard bushel shall mean a bushel of shelled corn 
weighing 56 pounds.
    (d) The abbreviation MSBu shall mean 1000 standard bushels.



Sec. 406.22  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                          ------------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
         Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                            for any 1   consecutive days
                                               day     shall not exceed--
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Metric units (kilograms per
                                                 1,000 kg of corn)
                                          ------------------------------
BOD5.....................................        0.21               0.07
TSS......................................        0.18                .06
pH.......................................       (\1\)              (\1\)
                                          ------------------------------
                                             English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                          ------------------------------
BOD5.....................................        12.0                4.0
TSS......................................        10.5                3.5
pH.......................................       (\1\)              (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10513, Mar. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.23  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.25  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this part:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.11             0.036
TSS.......................................       0.054              0.18
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------

[[Page 84]]

 
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of corn)
                                           -----------------------------
 
BOD5......................................         6.0               2.0
TSS.......................................         3.0               1.0
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 406.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.27  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.22 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart C_Normal Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory



Sec. 406.30  Applicability; description of the normal wheat flour 
milling subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processes in which wheat and other grains are milled 
by dry processes into flour and millfeed.



Sec. 406.31  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.



Sec. 406.32  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): There shall be no discharge of process waste 
water pollutants to navigable waters.

[60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.33  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by a point 
source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of 
the best available technology economically achievable: there shall be no 
discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 85]]


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.35  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by 
a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart: There shall be 
no discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.37  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.32 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart D_Bulgur Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory



Sec. 406.40  Applicability; description of the bulgur wheat flour milling subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which wheat is parboiled, dried, and 
partially debranned in the production of bulgur.



Sec. 406.41  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of the subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term wheat shall mean wheat delivered to a plant before 
processing.
    (c) The term standard bushel shall mean a bushel of wheat weighing 
60 pounds.
    (d) The abbreviation MSBu shall mean 1,000 standard bushels.



Sec. 406.42  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                 1,000 kg of wheat)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.025            0.0083
TSS.......................................       0.025             .0083
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of wheat)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.50              0.50
TSS.......................................        1.50               .50
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10513, Mar. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.43  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.44  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a

[[Page 86]]

publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33936, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.45  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                 1,000 kg of wheat)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.015             0.005
TSS.......................................      0.0099             .0033
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 stdbu of wheat)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.90              0.30
TSS.......................................        0.60               .20
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 406.46  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.47  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.42 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                Subpart E_Normal Rice Milling Subcategory



Sec. 406.50  Applicability; description of the normal rice milling
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which rice is cleaned and milled by dry 
processes.



Sec. 406.51  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.



Sec. 406.52  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): There shall be no discharge of process waste 
water pollutants to navigable waters.

[60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.53  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by a point 
source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of 
the best available technology economically achievable: there

[[Page 87]]

shall be no discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable 
waters.



Sec. 406.54  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.55  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by 
a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart: There shall be 
no discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.56  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.57  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.52 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



             Subpart F_Parboiled Rice Processing Subcategory



Sec. 406.60  Applicability; description of the parboiled rice processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which rice is cleaned, cooked and dried 
before being milled.



Sec. 406.61  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term ``rice'' shall mean rice delivered to a plant before 
processing.
    (c) The abbreviation ``cwt'' shall mean hundred weight.



Sec. 406.62  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of rice)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.42              0.14
TSS.......................................        0.24               .08
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                               hundredweight of rice)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.042             0.014
TSS.......................................       0.024              .008

[[Page 88]]

 
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10513, Mar. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.63  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.64  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.65  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of rice)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.21              0.07
TSS.......................................        0.09               .03
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                               hundredweight of rice)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................       0.021             0.007
TSS.......................................       0.009              .003
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 406.66  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.67  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.62 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                    Subpart G_Animal Feed Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 918, Jan. 3, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 406.70  Applicability; description of the animal feed subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the manufacturing of animal feeds (formula feed 
concentrate) using primarily grain and grain by-products which may be 
supplemented by proteins, pharmaceuticals, vitamins or mineral 
additives.

[[Page 89]]



Sec. 406.71  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart: The general definitions, 
abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall 
apply to this subpart.



Sec. 406.72  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): There shall be no discharge of process waste 
water pollutants to navigable waters.

[60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.73  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, which may be discharged by a point 
source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of 
the best available technology economically achievable: There shall be no 
discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.74  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.75  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by 
a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart: There shall be 
no discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.76  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 918, Jan. 3, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.77  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.72 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                    Subpart H_Hot Cereal Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 918, Jan. 3, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 406.80  Applicability; description of the hot cereal subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the production of various breakfast cereals from grains, 
principally wheat and oats, requiring cooking prior to normal human 
consumption.



Sec. 406.81  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) The general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis 
set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart.

[[Page 90]]

    (b) The term cereal shall mean breakfast cereal.



Sec. 406.82  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): There shall be no discharge of process waste 
water pollutants to navigable waters.

[60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.83  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, which may be discharged by a point 
source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of 
the best available technology economically achievable: There shall be no 
discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.84  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.85  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, which may be discharged 
by a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart: There shall 
be no discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 406.86  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 918, Jan. 3, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.87  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.82 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                Subpart I_Ready-to-Eat Cereal Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 919, Jan. 3, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 406.90  Applicability; description of the ready-to-eat cereal subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of various grains and other materials 
(whole grain wheat, rice, corn grits, oat flour, sugar, and minor 
ingredients) to produce various breakfast cereals normally available for 
human consumption without cooking.



Sec. 406.91  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) The general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis 
set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term cereal shall mean breakfast cereal.

[[Page 91]]



Sec. 406.92  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                   cereal product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         1.2              0.40
TSS.......................................         1.2              0.40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                 of cereal product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         1.2              0.40
TSS.......................................         1.2              0.40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 919, Jan. 3, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. Sec. 406.93-406.94  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.95  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                   cereal product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.60              0.20
TSS.......................................        0.45              0.15
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                 of cereal product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.60              0.20
TSS.......................................        0.45              0.15
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 406.96  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 919, Jan. 3, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.97  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
406.92 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



              Subpart J_Wheat Starch and Gluten Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 920, Jan. 3, 1975, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 92]]



Sec. 406.100  Applicability; description of the wheat starch and gluten
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from those industrial operations utilizing wheat flour as a 
raw material for production of wheat starch and gluten (protein) 
components through conventional processes of physical separation and 
subsequent refinement.



Sec. 406.101  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart: The general definitions, 
abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall 
apply to this subpart.



Sec. 406.102  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kg/kkg of raw
                                               material (wheat flour))
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         6.0               2.0
TSS.......................................         6.0               2.0
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                               of raw material (wheat
                                                       flour))
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         6.0               2.0
TSS.......................................         6.0               2.0
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 920, Jan. 3, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. Sec. 406.103-406.104  [Reserved]



Sec. 406.105  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kg/kkg of raw
                                               material (wheat flour))
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.0               1.0
TSS.......................................         3.0               1.0
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                               of raw material (wheat
                                                       flour))
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.0               1.0
TSS.......................................         3.0               1.0
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 406.106  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 920, Jan. 3, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33937, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 406.107  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those

[[Page 93]]

specified for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 
401.16) in Sec. 406.102 of this subpart for the best practicable 
control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



PART 407_CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT
SOURCE CATEGORY--Table of Contents




                    Subpart A_Apple Juice Subcategory

Sec.
407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.
407.11 Specialized definitions.
407.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.13 [Reserved]
407.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.15 Standards of performance for new sources.
407.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                  Subpart B_Apple Products Subcategory

407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.
407.21 Specialized definitions.
407.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.23 [Reserved]
407.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.25 Standards of performance for new sources.
407.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                  Subpart C_Citrus Products Subcategory

407.30 Applicability; description of the citrus products subcategory.
407.31 Specialized definitions.
407.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.33 [Reserved]
407.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.35 Standards of performance for new sources.
407.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

              Subpart D_Frozen Potato Products Subcategory

407.40 Applicability; description of the frozen potato products 
          subcategory.
407.41 Specialized definitions.
407.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.43 [Reserved]
407.44 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.45 Standards of performance for new sources.
407.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.47 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

            Subpart E_Dehydrated Potato Products Subcategory

407.50 Applicability; description of the dehydrated potato products 
          subcategory.
407.51 Specialized definitions.
407.52 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.53 [Reserved]
407.54 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.55 Standards of performance for new sources.
407.56 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.57 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

[[Page 94]]

            Subpart F_Canned and Preserved Fruits Subcategory

407.60 Applicability; description of the canned and preserved fruits 
          subcategory.
407.61 Specialized definitions.
407.62 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.63 [Reserved]
407.64 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.65 [Reserved]
407.66 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.67 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

          Subpart G_Canned and Preserved Vegetables Subcategory

407.70 Applicability; description of the canned and preserved vegetables 
          subcategory.
407.71 Specialized definitions.
407.72 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.73 [Reserved]
407.74 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.75 [Reserved]
407.76 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.77 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

       Subpart H_Canned and Miscellaneous Specialities Subcategory

407.80 Applicability; description of the canned and miscellaneous 
          specialties subcategory.
407.81 Specialized definitions.
407.82 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
407.83 [Reserved]
407.84 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
407.85 [Reserved]
407.86 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
407.87 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307(c) of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; 33 U.S.C. 1251, 
1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317(c); 86 Stat. 816 et seq., 
Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

    Source: 39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



                    Subpart A_Apple Juice Subcategory



Sec. 407.10  Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of apples into apple juice or apple cider. 
When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering more than one 
subcategory, the plant discharge limitation shall be set by proration 
limitations for each subcategory based on the total raw material covered 
by each subcategory.



Sec. 407.11  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 407.12  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.60              0.30
TSS.......................................        0.80               .40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------

[[Page 95]]

 
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.60              0.30
TSS.......................................        0.80               .40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.13  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6436, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.15  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.20              0.10
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.20              0.10
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 41 FR 48737, Nov. 5, 1976]



Sec. 407.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.17  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
407.12 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                  Subpart B_Apple Products Subcategory



Sec. 407.20  Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of apples into apple products. The 
processing of apples into caustic peeled or dehydrated products is 
specifically excluded. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations 
covering more than one subcategory, the

[[Page 96]]

plant discharge limitation shall be set by proration limitations, for 
each subcategory based on the total raw material covered by each 
subcategory.



Sec. 407.21  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 407.22  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent 
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.10              0.55
TSS.......................................        1.40               .70
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.10              0.55
TSS.......................................        1.40               .70
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.23  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6437, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.25  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.20              0.10
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.20              0.10
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 41 FR 48737, Nov. 5, 1976]



Sec. 407.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.27  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall

[[Page 97]]

achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of 
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
conventional pollutant control technology (BCT): The limitations shall 
be the same as those specified for conventional pollutants (which are 
defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 407.22 of this subpart for the best 
practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                  Subpart C_Citrus Products Subcategory



Sec. 407.30  Applicability; description of the citrus products subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of citrus into citrus products. When a 
plant is subject to effluent limitations covering more than one 
subcategory, the plant discharge limitation shall be set by proration 
limitations for each subcategory based on raw material covered by each 
subcategory.



Sec. 407.31  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 407.32  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.80              0.40
TSS.......................................        1.70              0.85
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.80              0.40
TSS.......................................        1.70              0.85
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.33  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6437, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33938, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.35  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.14              0.07

[[Page 98]]

 
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.14              0.07
TSS.......................................        0.20               .10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 41 FR 48737, Nov. 5, 1976]



Sec. 407.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.37  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
407.32 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



              Subpart D_Frozen Potato Products Subcategory



Sec. 407.40  Applicability; description of the frozen potato products
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of white potatoes into frozen potato 
products. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering more 
than one subcategory, the plant discharge limitation shall be set by 
proration limitations for each subcategory based on the total raw 
material covered by each subcategory.



Sec. 407.41  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 407.42  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.80              1.40
TSS.......................................        2.80              1.40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.80              1.40
TSS.......................................        2.80              1.40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.43  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.44  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a

[[Page 99]]

publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6437, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.45  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.34              0.17
TSS.......................................        1.10               .55
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.34              0.17
TSS.......................................        1.10               .55
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 41 FR 48737, Nov. 5, 1976]



Sec. 407.46  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.47  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
407.42 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart E_Dehydrated Potato Products Subcategory



Sec. 407.50  Applicability; description of the dehydrated potato products
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of white potatoes into dehydrated potato 
products. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering more 
than one subcategory, the plant discharge limitation shall be set by 
proration limitations for each subcategory based on the total raw 
material covered by each subcategory.



Sec. 407.51  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 407.52  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

[[Page 100]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.40              1.20
TSS.......................................        2.80              1.40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.40              1.20
TSS.......................................        2.80              1.40
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.53  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.54  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6437, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.55  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                              1,000 kg of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.34              0.17
TSS.......................................        1.10               .55
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                              1,000 lb of raw material)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.34              0.17
TSS.......................................        1.10               .55
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 10864, Mar. 21, 1974, as amended at 41 FR 48737, Nov. 5, 1976]



Sec. 407.56  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.57  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
407.52 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart F_Canned and Preserved Fruits Subcategory

    Source: 41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 101]]



Sec. 407.60  Applicability; description of the canned and preserved
fruits subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of the following fruit products: Apricots; 
caneberries; sweet, sour and brined cherries; cranberries; dried fruit; 
grape juice canning and pressing; olives; peaches; pears; fresh and 
processed pickles, and pickle salting stations; pineapples; plums; 
raisins; strawberries; and tomatoes. When a plant is subject to effluent 
limitations covering more than one commodity or subcategory, the plant 
discharge limitation shall be set by proration of limitations for each 
subcategory or commodity based on the total production covered by each 
commodity or subcategory.



Sec. 407.61  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term apricots shall include the processing of apricots into 
the following product styles: Canned and frozen, pitted and unpitted, 
peeled and unpeeled, whole, halves, slices, nectar, and concentrate.
    (c) The term caneberries shall include the processing of the 
following berries: Canned and frozen blackberries, blueberries, 
boysenberries, currants, gooseberries, loganberries, ollalieberries, 
raspberries, and any other similar cane or bushberry but not 
strawberries or cranberries.
    (d) The term cherries, sweet shall include the processing of all 
sweet varieties of cherries into the following products styles: Frozen 
and canned, pitted and unpitted, whole, halves, juice and concentrate.
    (e) The term cherries, sour shall include the processing of all sour 
varieties of cherries into the following products styles: Frozen and 
canned, pitted and unpitted, whole, halves, juice and concentrate.
    (f) The term cherries, brined shall include the processing of all 
varieties of cherries into the following brined product styles: Canned, 
bottled and bulk, sweet and sour, pitted and unpitted, bleached, 
sweetened, colored and flavored, whole, halved and chopped.
    (g) The term cranberries shall mean the processing of cranberries 
into the following product styles: Canned, bottled, and frozen, whole, 
sauce, jelly, juice and concentrate.
    (h) The term dried fruit shall mean the processing of various fruits 
into the following products styles: Air, vacuum, and freeze dried, 
pitted and unpitted, blanched and unblanched, whole, halves, slices and 
other similar styles of apples, apricots, figs, peaches, pears, prunes, 
canned extracted prune juice and pulp from rehydrated and cooked 
dehydrated prunes; but not including dates or raisins.
    (i) The term grape juice canning shall mean the processing of grape 
juice into the following products and product styles: Canned and frozen, 
fresh and stored, natural grape juice for the manufacture of juices, 
drinks, concentrates, jams, jellies, and other related finished products 
but not wine or other spirits. In terms of raw material processed 1000 
kg (1000 lb) of grapes are equivalent to 834 liters (100 gallons) of 
grape juice.
    (j) The term grape pressing shall mean the washing and subsequent 
handling including pressing, heating, and filtration of natural juice 
from all varieties of grapes for the purpose of manufacturing juice, 
drink, concentrate, and jelly but not wine or other spirits. In terms of 
raw material processed 1000 kg (1000 lb) of grapes are equivalent to 834 
liters (100 gallons) of grape juice.
    (k) The term olives shall mean the processing of olives into the 
following product styles: Canned, all varieties, fresh and stored, green 
ripe, black ripe, spanish, sicilian, and any other styles to which 
spices, acids, and flavorings may have been added.
    (l) The term peaches shall mean the processing of peaches into the 
following product styles: Canned or frozen, all varieties, peeled, 
pitted and unpitted, whole, halves, sliced, diced, and any other cuts, 
nectar, and concentrate but not dehydrated.
    (m) The term pears shall mean the processing of pears into the 
following product styles: Canned, peeled, halved,

[[Page 102]]

sliced, diced, and any other cuts, nectar and concentrate but not 
dehydrated.
    (n) The term pickles, fresh shall mean the processing of fresh 
cucumbers and other vegetables, all varieties, all sizes from whole to 
relish, all styles, cured after packing.
    (o) The term pickles processed shall mean the processing of pickles, 
cucumbers and other vegetables, all varieties, sizes and types, made 
after fermentation and storage.
    (p) The term pickles, salt stations shall mean the handling and 
subsequent preserving of cucumbers and other vegetables at salting 
stations or tankyards, by salt and other chemical additions necessary to 
achieve proper fermentation for the packing of processed pickle 
products. Limitations include allowances for the discharge of spent 
brine, tank wash, tank soak, and cucumber wash waters. At locations 
where both salt station and process pack operations (Sec. 407.61(o)) 
occur, additive allowances shall be made for both of these sources in 
formulation of effluent limitations. The effluent limitations are to be 
calculated based upon the total annual weight (1000 lb, kkg) of raw 
product processed at each of the salt station and process pack 
operations. Allowances for contaminated stormwater runoff should be 
considered in NPDES permit formulation on a case-by-case basis.
    (q) The term pineapples shall mean the processing of pineapple into 
the following product styles: Canned, peeled, sliced, chunk, tidbit, 
diced, crushed, and any other related piece size, juice and concentrate. 
It also specifically includes the on-site production of by-products such 
as alcohol, sugar or animal feed.
    (r) The term plums shall mean the processing of plums into the 
following product styles: Canned and frozen, pitted and unpitted, peeled 
and unpeeled, blanched and unblanched, whole, halved, and other piece 
size.
    (s) The term raisins shall mean the production of raisins from the 
following products: Dried grapes, all varieties, bleached and 
unbleached, which have been cleaned and washed prior to packaging.
    (t) The term strawberries shall mean the processing of strawberries 
into the following product styles: Canned and frozen, whole, sliced, and 
pureed.
    (u) The term tomatoes shall mean the processing of tomatoes into 
canned, peeled, whole, stewed, and related piece sizes; and processing 
of tomatoes into the following products and product styles: Canned, 
peeled and unpeeled paste, concentrate, puree, sauce, juice, catsup and 
other similar formulated items requiring various other pre-processed 
food ingredients.
    (v) The term medium shall mean a point source that processes a total 
annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and 
other products that is between 1,816 kkg (2,000 tons) per year and 9,080 
kkg (10,000 tons) per year.
    (w) The term large shall mean a point source that processes a total 
annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and 
other products that exceeds 9,080 kkg (10,000 tons) per year.
    (x) The term annual average shall mean the maximum allowable 
discharge of BOD5 or TSS as calculated by multiplying the total mass 
(kkg or 1000 lb) of each raw commodity processed for the entire 
processing season or calendar year by the applicable annual average 
limitation.
    (y) The terms maximum for any one day and average of daily values 
for thirty consecutive days shall be based on the daily average mass of 
material processed during the peak thirty consecutive day production 
period.

[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 44 FR 22464, Apr. 16, 1979]



Sec. 407.62  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) The following limitations establish the quantity of BOD5 
controlled by

[[Page 103]]

this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or ``large'' 
existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after 
application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available. Any fruit processing plant which continuously or 
intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing 
season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and 
maximum day BOD5 limitations. Fruit processing plants employing long 
term waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste 
water discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released 
at a controlled rate with State approval, shall meet only the annual 
average BOD5 limitations.

[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw
                                material]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           BOD5 effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
         Commodity (fruits)            Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Apricots............................      3.00            1.81      1.26
Caneberries.........................      0.77            0.46      0.32
Cherries:
  Brined............................      2.87            1.78      1.28
  Sour..............................      1.77            1.11      0.81
  Sweet.............................      1.12            0.69      0.49
Cranberries.........................      1.71            1.03      0.73
Dried fruit.........................      1.86            1.13      0.80
Grape juice:
  Canning...........................      1.10            0.69      0.51
  Pressing..........................      0.22            0.14      0.10
Olives..............................      5.44            3.34      2.39
Peaches.............................      1.51            0.93      0.67
Pears...............................      1.77            1.12      0.83
Pickles:
  Fresh pack........................      1.22            0.75      0.53
  Process pack......................      1.45            0.92      0.68
    Salt stations...................      0.25            0.18      0.15
Pineapples..........................      2.13            1.33      0.96
Plums...............................      0.69            0.42      0.29
Raisins.............................      0.43            0.28      0.21
Strawberries........................      1.79            1.06      0.74
Tomatoes............................      1.21            0.71      0.94
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) The following limitations establish the quantity of TSS 
controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or 
``large'' existing point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available. Any fruit processing plant which continuously or 
intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing 
season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and 
maximum day TSS limitations. Fruit processing plants employing long term 
waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste water 
discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released at a 
controlled rate with state approval, shall meet only the annual average 
TSS limitations.

[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw
                                material]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           TSS effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
         Commodity (fruits)            Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Apricots............................      5.36            3.74      2.33
Caneberries.........................      1.38            0.95      0.58
Cherries:
  Brined............................      5.18            3.68      2.38
  Sour..............................      3.20            2.30      1.52
  Sweet.............................      2.01            1.43      0.92
Cranberries.........................      3.06            2.14      1.34
Dried fruit.........................      3.34            2.34      1.48
Grape juice:
  Canning...........................      1.99            1.44      0.96
  Pressing..........................      0.40            0.29      0.18
Olives..............................      9.79            6.92      4.44
Peaches.............................      2.72            1.93      1.26
Pears...............................      3.21            2.32      1.55
Pickles:
  Fresh pack........................      2.19            1.54      0.99
  Process pack......................      2.63            1.91      1.28
    Salt stations...................      0.42            0.33      0.25
Pineapples..........................      3.85            2.76      1.81
Plums...............................      1.24            0.87      0.54
Raisins.............................      0.78            0.57      0.39
Strawberries........................      3.19            2.20      1.35
Tomatoes............................      2.15            1.48      0.90
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) The following limitations establish the quality of pH controlled 
by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or ``large'' 
existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after 
application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  At all times within the
                                             range 6.0 to 9.5.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 44 FR 22464, Apr. 16, 1979; 
60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 104]]



Sec. 407.63  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.64  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by any existing point source subject to 
the provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.65  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.66  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.67  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
407.62 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



          Subpart G_Canned and Preserved Vegetables Subcategory

    Source: 41 FR 16281, Apr. 16, 1976, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 407.70  Applicability; description of the canned and preserved
vegetables subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of the following vegetable products: 
Beets; broccoli; carrots; canned and frozen corn; dehydrated onions and 
garlic; dehydrated vegetables; dry beans; lima beans; mushrooms; canned 
onions; peas; sauerkraut canning and cutting; snap beans; spinach; 
squash; and canned potatoes. When a plant is subject to effluent 
limitations covering more than one commodity or subcategory, the plant 
discharge limitations shall be set by proration of limitations for each 
subcategory or commodity based on the total production covered by each 
commodity or subcategory.



Sec. 407.71  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term beets shall include the processing of beets into the 
following product styles: Canned and peeled, whole, sliced, diced, 
French style, sections, irregular, and other cuts but not dehydrated 
beets.
    (c) The term broccoli shall include the processing of broccoli into 
the following product styles: Frozen, chopped, spears, and miscellaneous 
cuts.
    (d) The term carrots shall include the processing of carrots into 
the following product styles: Canned and frozen, peeled, whole, sliced, 
diced, nuggets,

[[Page 105]]

crinkle cut, julienne, shoestrings, chunks, chips and other irregular 
cuts, and juices but not dehydrated carrots.
    (e) The term corn, canned shall mean the processing of corn into the 
following product styles: Canned, yellow and white, whole kernel, cream 
style, and on-the-cob.
    (f) The term corn, frozen shall mean the processing of corn into the 
following product styles: Frozen, yellow and white, whole kernel and 
whole cob.
    (g) The term dehydrated onions and garlic shall mean the processing 
of dehydrated onions and garlic into the following product styles: Air, 
vacuum, and freeze dried, all varieties, diced, strips, and other piece 
sizes ranging from large sliced to powder but not including green 
onions, chives, or leeks.
    (h) The term dehydrated vegetables shall mean the processing of 
dehydrated vegetables in the following product styles: Air, vacuum and 
freeze dried, blanched and unblanched, peeled and unpeeled, beets, bell 
peppers, cabbage, carrots, celery, chili pepper, horseradish, turnips, 
parsnips, parsley, asparagus, tomatoes, green beans, corn, spinach, 
green onion tops, chives, leeks, whole, diced, and any other piece size 
ranging from sliced to powder.
    (i) The term dry beans shall mean the production of canned pinto, 
kidney, navy, great northern, red, pink or related type, with and 
without formulated sauces, meats and gravies.
    (j) The term lima beans shall mean the processing of lima beans into 
the following product styles: Canned and frozen, green and white, all 
varieties and sizes.
    (k) The term mushrooms shall mean the processing of mushrooms into 
the following product styles: Canned, frozen, dehydrated, all varieties, 
shapes and sizes.
    (l) The term canned onions shall mean the processing of onions into 
the following product styles: Canned, frozen, and fried (canned), 
peeled, whole, sliced, and any other piece size but not including 
frozen, battered onion rings or dehydrated onions.
    (m) The term peas shall mean the processing of peas into the 
following product styles: Canned and frozen, all varieties and sizes, 
whole.
    (n) The term squash shall include the processing of pumpkin and 
squash into canned and frozen styles.
    (o) The term sauerkraut cutting shall mean the trimming, cutting, 
and subsequent preparatory handling of cabbage necessary for and 
including brining and fermentation, and subsequent tank soaking.
    (p) The term sauerkraut canning shall mean the draining and 
subsequent filling and canning of fermented cabbage and juice.
    (q) The term snap beans shall mean the processing of snap beans into 
the following product styles: Canned and frozen green, Italian, wax, 
string, bush, and other related varieties, whole, French, fancy, Extra 
Standard, Standard, and other cuts.
    (r) The term spinach shall mean the processing of spinach and leafy 
greens into the following product styles: Canned or frozen, whole leaf, 
chopped, and other related cuts.
    (s) The term potatoes shall mean the processing of sweet potatoes 
into the following product styles: Canned, peeled, solid, syrup, and 
vacuum packed. The following white potato product styles are also 
included: Canned, peeled, white, all varieties, whole and sliced.
    (t) The term medium shall mean a point source that processes a total 
annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and 
other products that is between 1,816 kkg (2,000 tons) per year and 9,080 
kkg (10,000 tons) per year.
    (u) The term large shall mean a point source that processes a total 
annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and 
other products that exceeds 9,080 kkg (10,000 tons) per year.
    (v) The term annual average shall mean the maximum allowable 
discharge of BOD5 or TSS as calculated by multiplying the total mass 
(kkg or 1000 lb) of each raw commodity processed for the entire 
processing season or calendar year by the applicable annual average 
limitation.
    (w) The terms maximum for any one day and average of daily values 
for thirty consecutive days shall be based on the daily average mass of 
raw material

[[Page 106]]

processed during the peak thirty consecutive day production period.



Sec. 407.72  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) The following limitations establish the quantity of BOD5 
controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or 
``large'' existing point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available. Any vegetable processing plant which continuously 
or intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing 
season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and 
maximum day BOD5 limitations. Vegetable processing plants employing long 
term waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste 
water discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released 
at a controlled rate with State approval, shall meet only the annual 
average BOD5 limitations. The effluent limitations do not apply to 
single-commodity 100 percent canned corn processing plants of all sizes, 
and multi-commodity 100 percent frozen vegetable processing plants with 
total annual raw material production less than 7,264 kkg (8,000 tons) 
per year.

[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw
                                material]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           BOD5 effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
       Commodity (vegetables)          Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beets...............................      1.01            0.71      0.57
Broccoli............................      3.83            2.21      1.47
Carrots.............................      1.76            1.11      0.82
Corn:
  Canned............................      0.71            0.48      0.38
  Frozen............................      1.45            0.84      0.56
Dehydrated onion/garlic.............      2.45            1.46      0.98
Dehydrated vegetables...............      2.98            1.76      1.21
Dry beans...........................      2.50            1.51      1.07
Lima beans..........................      3.68            2.19      1.51
Mushrooms...........................      3.01            1.78      1.22
Onions (canned).....................      3.09            1.83      1.25
Peas................................      2.42            1.50      1.08
Sauerkraut:
  Canning...........................      0.50            0.30      0.21
  Cutting...........................      0.08            0.05      0.04
Snap beans..........................      1.51            0.87      0.58
Spinach.............................      2.37            1.36      0.91
Squash..............................      0.90            0.59      0.46
Potatoes............................      0.90            0.66      0.55
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) The following limitations establish the quantity of TSS 
controlled by the section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or 
``large'' existing point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available. Any vegetable processing plant which continuously 
or intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing 
season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and 
maximum day TSS limitations. Vegetable processing plants employing long 
term waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste 
water discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released 
at a controlled rate with state approval, shall meet only the annual 
average TSS limitations. The effluent limitations do not apply to 
single-commodity 100 percent canned corn processing plants of all sizes, 
and multi-commodity 100 percent frozen vegetable processing plants with 
total annual raw material production less than 7,264 kkg (8,000 tons) 
per year.

[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw
                                material]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           TSS effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
       Commodity (vegetables)          Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beets...............................      1.88            1.47      1.12
Broccoli............................      6.78            4.57      2.65

[[Page 107]]

 
Carrots.............................      3.19            2.30      1.54
Corn:
  Canned............................      1.32            1.00      0.73
  Frozen............................      3.13            2.30      1.57
Dehydrated onion/garlic.............      4.49            3.02      1.76
Dehydrated vegetables...............      5.30            3.65      2.21
Dry beans...........................      4.48            3.13      1.97
Lima beans..........................      6.56            4.53      2.76
Mushrooms...........................      5.36            3.68      2.22
Onions (canned).....................      5.51            3.78      2.28
Peas................................      4.36            3.11      2.02
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw
                                material]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           TSS effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
       Commodity (vegetables)          Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sauerkraut:
  Canning...........................      0.89            0.63      0.40
  Cutting...........................      0.14            0.11      0.08
Snap beans..........................      2.67            1.80      1.04
Spinach.............................      4.19            2.81      1.64
Squash..............................      1.64            1.23      0.87
Potatoes............................      1.69            1.37      1.09
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) The following limitations establish the quality of pH controlled 
by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or ``large'' 
existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after 
application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available. The effluent limitations do not apply to single-commodity 100 
percent canned corn processing plants of all sizes, and multi-commodity 
100 percent frozen vegetable processing plants with total annual raw 
material production less than 7,264 kkg (8,000 tons) per year.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  At all times within the
                                             range 6.0 to 9.5.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16281, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.73  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.74  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by any existing point source subject to 
the provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16281, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.75  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.76  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16281, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.77  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall

[[Page 108]]

achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of 
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
conventional pollutant control technology (BCT): The limitations shall 
be the same as those specified for conventional pollutants (which are 
defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 407.72 of this subpart for the best 
practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



       Subpart H_Canned and Miscellaneous Specialties Subcategory

    Source: 41 FR 16284, Apr. 16, 1976, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 407.80  Applicability; description of the canned and miscellaneous
specialties subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of the following specialty products: Added 
ingredients; baby food; corn, potato, and tortilla chips; ethnic foods; 
jams and jellies; mayonnaise and dressings; soups; and tomato-starch-
cheese canned specialties. When a plant is subject to effluent 
limitations covering more than one commodity or subcategory, the plant 
discharge limitations shall be set by proration of limitations for each 
subcategory or commodity based on the total production covered by each 
commodity or subcategory.



Sec. 407.81  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term added ingredients shall mean the prepared sauces 
(prepared from items such as dairy products, starches, sugar, tomato 
sauce and concentrate, spices, and other related preprocessed 
ingredients) which are added during the canning and freezing of fruits 
and vegetables.
    (c) The term baby foods shall mean the processing of canned fresh 
fruits and vegetables, meats, eggs, fruit juices, cereal, formulated 
entrees, desserts and snacks using fresh, pre-processed, or any 
combination of these and other food ingredients necessary for the 
production of infant foods.
    (d) The term chips, potato shall mean the processing of fried chips, 
made from fresh or stored white potatoes, all varieties. In terms of 
finished potato chips, 1 kg (lb) of finished product is equivalent to 4 
kg (lb) of raw material.
    (e) The term chips, corn shall mean the processing of fried corn, 
made by soaking, rinsing, milling and extruding into a fryer without 
toasting. In terms of finished corn chips, 1 kg (lb) of finished product 
is equivalent to 0.9 kg (lb) of raw material.
    (f) The term chips, tortilla shall mean the processing of fried 
corn, made by soaking, rinsing, milling, rolling into sheets, toasting 
and frying. In terms of finished tortilla chips, 1 kg (lb) of finished 
product is equivalent to 0.9 kg (lb) of raw material.
    (g) The term ethnic foods shall mean the production of canned and 
frozen Chinese and Mexican specialties utilizing fresh and pre-processed 
bean sprouts, bamboo shoots, water chestnuts, celery, cactus, tomatoes, 
and other similar vegetables necessary for the production of the various 
characteristic product styles.
    (h) The term jams and jellies shall include the production of jams, 
jellies and preserves defined as follows: The combination of fruit and 
fruit concentrate, sugar, pectin, and other additives in an acidic 
medium resulting in a gelatinized and thickened finished product.
    (i) The term mayonnaise and salad dressings shall be defined as the 
emulsified and non-emulsified semisolid food prepared from the combining 
of edible vegetable oil with acidifying, and egg yolk containing 
ingredients, or gum and starch combinations to which certain colorings, 
spices, and flavorings have been added.
    (j) The term soups shall mean the combination of various fresh and 
pre-processed meats, fish, dairy products, eggs, flours, starches, 
vegetables, spices, and other similar raw ingredients into a variety of 
finished mixes and styles but not including dehydrated soups.

[[Page 109]]

    (k) The term tomato-starch-cheese canned specialties shall mean 
canned specialties resulting from a combination of fresh and pre-
processed tomatoes, starches, cheeses, spices, and other flavorings 
necessary to produce a variety of products similar to but not 
exclusively raviolis, spaghetti, tamales, and enchiladas.
    (l) The term medium shall mean a point source that processes a total 
annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and 
other products that is between 1,816 kkg (2,000 tons) per year and 9,080 
kkg (10,000 tons) per year.
    (m) The term large shall mean a point source that processes a total 
annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and 
other products that exceeds 9,080 kkg (10,000 tons) per year.
    (n) The term annual average shall mean the maximum allowable 
discharge of BOD5 or TSS, as calculated by multiplying the total mass 
(kkg or 1000 lb) of each final product produced for the entire 
processing season or calendar year by the applicable annual average 
limitation.
    (o) The terms maximum for any one day and average of daily values 
for thirty consecutive days shall be based on the daily average mass of 
final product produced during the peak thirty consecutive day production 
period.



Sec. 407.82  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) The following limitations establish the quantity of BOD5 
controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or 
``large'' existing point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available. Any food specialty plant which continuously or 
intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing 
season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and 
maximum day BOD5 limitations. Food specialty plants employing long term 
waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste water 
discharge is stored for the entire processing season and release at a 
controlled rate with state approval, shall meet only the annual average 
BOD5 limitations. Effluent limitations for the soups subcategory are 
based upon pounds (lb) or kilograms (kg) of pollutant per 1000 pounds 
(lb) or kilograms (kkg) of raw ingredients.

  [Metric units, kg/kkg of final product; English units, lb/1,000 lb of
                             final product]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           BOD5 effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
       Commodity (specialties)         Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Added ingredients...................      0.95            0.55      0.36
Baby food...........................      1.23            0.73      0.51
Chips:
  Corn..............................      1.58            1.04      0.80
  Potato............................      3.46            2.17      1.58
  Tortilla..........................      2.41            1.50      1.09
Ethnic foods........................      2.39            1.41      0.96
Jams/jellies........................      0.42            0.26      0.19
Mayonnaise and dressings............      0.37            0.24      0.17
Soups...............................      4.14            2.46      1.69
Tomato-starch-cheese canned               1.87            1.08      0.72
 specialties........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) The following limitations establish the quantity of TSS 
controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or 
``large'' existing point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available. Any food specialty plant which continuously or 
intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing 
season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and 
maximum day TSS limitations. Food specialty plants employing long term 
waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste water 
discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released at a 
controlled rate with state approval, shall meet only the annual average 
TSS limitations. Effluent limitations for the soups subcategory are 
based upon pounds (lb) or kilograms (kg) of pollutant per 1000 pounds 
(lb) or kilograms (kkg) of raw ingredients.

[[Page 110]]



  [Metric units, kg/kkg of final product; English units, lb/1,000 lb of
                             final product]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           TSS effluent limitations
                                     -----------------------------------
                                                  Average of
                                                 daily values    Annual
       Commodity (specialties)         Maximum      for 30       average
                                       for any    consecutive     shall
                                        1 day   days shall not     not
                                                   exceed--     exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Added ingredients...................      0.00            0.00      0.00
Baby food...........................      2.23            1.55      0.95
Chips:
  Corn..............................      2.90            2.17      1.53
  Potato............................      6.25            4.49      2.97
  Tortilla..........................      4.34            3.11      2.04
Ethnic foods........................      4.23            2.91      1.73
Jams/jellies........................      0.76            0.54      0.36
Mayonnaise and dressings............      0.67            0.49      0.33
Soups...............................      7.38            5.09      3.10
Tomato-starch-cheese canned               3.31            2.23      1.30
 specialties........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) The following limitations establish the quality of pH controlled 
by this section, which may be discharged by a ``medium'' or ``large'' 
existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after 
application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Oil and grease............................  Shall not exceed 20 mg/l.
pH........................................  At all times within the
                                             range 6.0 to 9.5 exceed 10
                                             mg/l.
pH........................................  At all times within the
                                             range 6.0 to 9.5.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16284, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.83  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.84  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by any existing point source subject to 
the provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16281, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.85  [Reserved]



Sec. 407.86  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[41 FR 16281, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 407.87  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
407.82 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



PART 408_CANNED AND PRESERVED SEAFOOD PROCESSING POINT SOURCE
CATEGORY--Table of Contents




          Subpart A_Farm-Raised Catfish Processing Subcategory

Sec.
408.10 Applicability; description of the farm-raised catfish processing 
          subcategory.

[[Page 111]]

408.11 Specialized definitions.
408.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.13 [Reserved]
408.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.15 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

         Subpart B_Conventional Blue Crab Processing Subcategory

408.20 Applicability; description of the conventional blue crab 
          processing subcategory.
408.21 Specialized definitions.
408.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.23 [Reserved]
408.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.25 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

          Subpart C_Mechanized Blue Crab Processing Subcategory

408.30 Applicability; description of the mechanized blue crab processing 
          subcategory.
408.31 Specialized definitions.
408.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.33 [Reserved]
408.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.35 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

      Subpart D_Non-Remote Alaskan Crab Meat Processing Subcategory

408.40 Applicability; description of the non-remote Alaskan crab meat 
          processing subcategory.
408.41 Specialized definitions.
408.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.43 [Reserved]
408.44 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.45 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.47 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

        Subpart E_Remote Alaskan Crab Meat Processing Subcategory

408.50 Applicability; description of the remote Alaskan crab meat 
          processing subcategory.
408.51 Specialized definitions.
408.52 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.53 [Reserved]
408.54 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.55 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.56 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.57 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

  Subpart F_Non-Remote Alaskan Whole Crab and Crab Section Processing 
                               Subcategory

408.60 Applicability; description of the non-remote Alaskan whole crab 
          and crab section processing subcategory.
408.61 Specialized definitions.
408.62 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.63 [Reserved]

[[Page 112]]

408.64 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.65 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.66 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.67 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Subpart G_Remote Alaskan Whole Crab and Crab Section Processing 
                               Subcategory

408.70 Applicability; description of the remote Alaskan whole crab and 
          crab section processing subcategory.
408.71 Specialized definitions.
408.72 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.73 [Reserved]
408.74 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.75 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.76 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.77 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

Subpart H_Dungeness and Tanner Crab Processing in the Contiguous States 
                               Subcategory

408.80 Applicability; description of the dungeness and tanner crab 
          processing in the contiguous States subcategory.
408.81 Specialized definitions.
408.82 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.83 [Reserved]
408.84 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.85 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.86 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.87 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

       Subpart I_Non-Remote Alaskan Shrimp Processing Subcategory

408.90 Applicability; description of the non-remote Alaskan shrimp 
          processing subcategory.
408.91 Specialized definitions.
408.92 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.93 [Reserved]
408.94 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.95 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.96 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.97 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

         Subpart J_Remote Alaskan Shrimp Processing Subcategory

408.100 Applicability; description of the remote Alaskan shrimp 
          processing subcategory.
408.101 Specialized definitions.
408.102 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.103 [Reserved]
408.104 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.105 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.106 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.107 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

     Subpart K_Northern Shrimp Processing in the Contiguous States 
                               Subcategory

408.110 Applicability; description of the Northern shrimp processing in 
          the contiguous States subcategory.
408.111 Specialized definitions.
408.112 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.113 [Reserved]
408.114 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.115 Standards of performance for new sources.

[[Page 113]]

408.116 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.117 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

   Subpart L_Southern Non-Breaded Shrimp Processing in the Contiguous 
                           States Subcategory

408.120 Applicability; description of the Southern non-breaded shrimp 
          processing in the contiguous States subcategory.
408.121 Specialized definitions.
408.122 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.123 [Reserved]
408.124 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.125 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.126 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.127 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

Subpart M_Breaded Shrimp Processing in the Contiguous States Subcategory

408.130 Applicability; description of the breaded shrimp processing in 
          the contiguous States subcategory.
408.131 Specialized definitions.
408.132 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.133 [Reserved]
408.134 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.135 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.136 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.137 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                  Subpart N_Tuna Processing Subcategory

408.140 Applicability; description of the tuna processing subcategory.
408.141 Specialized definitions.
408.142 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.143 [Reserved]
408.144 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.145 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.146 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.147 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

               Subpart O_Fish Meal Processing Subcategory

408.150 Applicability; description of the fish meal processing 
          subcategory.
408.151 Specialized definitions.
408.152 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.153 [Reserved]
408.154 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.155 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.156 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.157 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

     Subpart P_Alaskan Hand-Butchered Salmon Processing Subcategory

408.160 Applicability; description of the Alaskan hand-butchered salmon 
          processing subcategory.
408.161 Specialized definitions.
408.162 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.163 [Reserved]
408.164 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.165 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.166 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.167 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

[[Page 114]]

       Subpart Q_Alaskan Mechanized Salmon Processing Subcategory

408.170 Applicability; description of the Alaskan mechanized salmon 
          processing subcategory.
408.171 Specialized definitions.
408.172 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.173 [Reserved]
408.174 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.175 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.176 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.177 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Subpart R_West Coast Hand-Butchered Salmon Processing Subcategory

408.180 Applicability; description of the West Coast hand-butchered 
          salmon processing subcategory.
408.181 Specialized definitions.
408.182 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.183 [Reserved]
408.184 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.185 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.186 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.187 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

      Subpart S_West Coast Mechanized Salmon Processing Subcategory

408.190 Applicability; description of the West Coast mechanized salmon 
          processing subcategory.
408.191 Specialized definitions.
408.192 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.193 [Reserved]
408.194 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.195 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.196 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.197 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

          Subpart T_Alaskan Bottom Fish Processing Subcategory

408.200 Applicability; description of the Alaskan bottom fish processing 
          subcategory.
408.201 Specialized definitions.
408.202 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.203 [Reserved]
408.204 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.205 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.206 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.207 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

  Subpart U_Non-Alaskan Conventional Bottom Fish Processing Subcategory

408.210 Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan conventional 
          bottom fish processing subcategory.
408.211 Specialized definitions.
408.212 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.213 [Reserved]
408.214 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.215 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.216 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.217 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

   Subpart V_Non-Alaskan Mechanized Bottom Fish Processing Subcategory

408.220 Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan mechanized bottom 
          fish processing subcategory.
408.221 Specialized definitions.
408.222 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction

[[Page 115]]

          attainable by the application of the best practicable control 
          technology currently available.
408.223 [Reserved]
408.224 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.225 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.226 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.227 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

           Subpart W_Hand-Shucked Clam Processing Subcategory

408.230 Applicability; description of the hand-shucked clam processing 
          subcategory.
408.231 Specialized definitions.
408.232 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.233 [Reserved]
408.234 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.235 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.236 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.237 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

            Subpart X_Mechanized Clam Processing Subcategory

408.240 Applicability; description of the mechanized clam processing 
          subcategory.
408.241 Specialized definitions.
408.242 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.243 [Reserved]
408.244 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.245 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.246 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.247 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

   Subpart Y_Pacific Coast Hand-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory

408.250 Applicability; description of the Pacific Coast hand-shucked 
          oyster processing subcategory.
408.251 Specialized definitions.
408.252 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.253 [Reserved]
408.254 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.255 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.257 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

    Subpart Z_Atlantic and Gulf Coast Hand-Shucked Oyster Processing 
                               Subcategory

408.260 Applicability; description of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast hand-
          shucked oyster processing subcategory.
408.261 Specialized definitions.
408.262 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.263 [Reserved]
408.264 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.265 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.266 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.267 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

       Subpart AA_Steamed and Canned Oyster Processing Subcategory

408.270 Applicability; description of the steamed and canned oyster 
          processing subcategory.
408.271 Specialized definitions.
408.272 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.273 [Reserved]
408.274 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.275 Standards of performance for new sources.

[[Page 116]]

408.276 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.277 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

                Subpart AB_Sardine Processing Subcategory

408.280 Applicability; description of the sardine processing 
          subcategory.
408.281 Specialized definitions.
408.282 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.283 [Reserved]
408.284 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.285 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.286 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.287 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

            Subpart AC_Alaskan Scallop Processing Subcategory

408.290 Applicability; description of the Alaskan scallop processing 
          subcategory.
408.291 Specialized definitions.
408.292 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.293 [Reserved]
408.294 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.295 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.296 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.297 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

          Subpart AD_Non-Alaskan Scallop Processing Subcategory

408.300 Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan scallop processing 
          subcategory.
408.301 Specialized definitions.
408.302 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.303 [Reserved]
408.304 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.305 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.306 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.307 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

        Subpart AE_Alaskan Herring Fillet Processing Subcategory

408.310 Applicability; description of the Alaskan herring fillet 
          processing subcategory.
408.311 Specialized definitions.
408.312 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.313 [Reserved]
408.314 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.315 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.316 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.317 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

      Subpart AF_Non-Alaskan Herring Fillet Processing Subcategory

408.320 Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan herring fillet 
          processing subcategory.
408.321 Specialized definitions.
408.322 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.323 [Reserved]
408.324 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.325 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.326 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.327 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

[[Page 117]]

                Subpart AG_Abalone Processing Subcategory

408.330 Applicability; description of the abalone processing 
          subcategory.
408.331 Specialized definitions.
408.332 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
408.333 [Reserved]
408.334 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
408.335 Standards of performance for new sources.
408.336 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
408.337 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307(c), of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; 33 U.S.C. 1251, 
1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317(c); 86 Stat. 816 et seq., 
Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

    Source: 39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



          Subpart A_Farm-Raised Catfish Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.10  Applicability; description of the farm-raised catfish processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of farm-raised catfish by existing 
facilities which process more than 1362 kg (3000 lbs) of raw material 
per day on any day during a calendar year and all new sources.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.11  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.12  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          28               9.2
Oil and grease............................          10               3.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          28               9.2
Oil and grease............................          10               3.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33940, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.13  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.

[[Page 118]]

 
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6437, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33940, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.15  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         4.6               2.3
TSS.......................................          11               5.7
Oil and grease............................        0.90              0.45
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         4.6               2.3
TSS.......................................          11               5.7
Oil and grease............................        0.90              0.45
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33940, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.17  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.12 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



         Subpart B_Conventional Blue Crab Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.20  Applicability; description of the conventional blue crab
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of blue crab in which manual picking or 
separation of crab meat from the shell is utilized. The effluent 
limitations contained in this subpart B are applicable to existing 
facilities processing more than 1362 kg (3000 lbs) of raw material per 
day on any day during a calendar year and all new sources.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.21  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.22  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

[[Page 119]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.2              0.74
Oil and grease............................        0.60              0.20
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.2              0.74
Oil and grease............................        0.60              0.20
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33940, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.23  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33940, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.25  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.30              0.15
TSS.......................................        0.90              0.45
Oil and grease............................        0.13             0.065
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.30              0.15
TSS.......................................        0.90              0.45
Oil and grease............................        0.13             0.065
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33940, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.27  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.22 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



          Subpart C_Mechanized Blue Crab Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.30  Applicability; description of the mechanized blue crab 
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of blue crab in which

[[Page 120]]

mechanical picking or separation of crab meat from the shell is 
utilized.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.31  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.32  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          36              12.0
Oil and grease............................          13               4.2
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          36              12.0
Oil and grease............................          13               4.2
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.33  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.35  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         5.0               2.5
TSS.......................................          13               6.3
Oil and grease............................         2.6               1.3
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         5.0               2.5
TSS.......................................          13               6.3
Oil and grease............................         2.6               1.3
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned

[[Page 121]]

treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.37  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.32 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



      Subpart D_Non-Remote Alaskan Crab Meat Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.40  Applicability; description of the non-remote Alaskan crab meat
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing, in non-remote Alaska, of dungeness, 
tanner, and king crab meat. The effluent limitations contained in this 
subpart D are applicable to facilities located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.41  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.42  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          19               6.2
Oil and grease............................         1.8              0.61
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          19               6.2
Oil and grease............................         1.8              0.61
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.43  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.44  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

[[Page 122]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.45  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          16               5.3
Oil and grease............................         1.6              0.52
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          16               5.3
Oil and grease............................         1.6              0.52
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.46  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.47  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.42 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



        Subpart E_Remote Alaskan Crab Meat Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.50  Applicability; description of the remote Alaskan crab meat
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing, in remote Alaska, of dungeness, tanner, 
and king crab meat. The effluent limitations contained in subpart E are 
applicable to facilities not covered under subpart D.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.51  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.52  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): No pollutants may be discharged which exceed 
1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 123]]



Sec. 408.53  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.54  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.55  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart: No pollutants may be discharged which exceed 
1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.56  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.57  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.52 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



  Subpart F_Non-Remote Alaskan Whole Crab and Crab Section Processing 
                               Subcategory



Sec. 408.60  Applicability; description of the non-remote Alaskan whole
crab and crab section processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing, in non-remote Alaska, of dungeness, 
tanner and king whole crab and crab sections. The effluent limitations 
contained in this subpart F are applicable to facilities located in 
population or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, 
Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.61  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.62  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall

[[Page 124]]

achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of 
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable 
control technology currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          12                12
Oil and grease............................         1.3              0.42
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          12               3.9
Oil and grease............................         1.3              0.42
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.63  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.64  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.65  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood--
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         9.9               3.3
Oil and grease............................         1.1              0.36
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         9.9               3.3
Oil and grease............................         1.1              0.36
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.66  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.67  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.62 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



    Subpart G_Remote Alaskan Whole Crab and Crab Section Processing 
                               Subcategory



Sec. 408.70  Applicability; description of the remote Alaskan whole
crab and crab section processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from

[[Page 125]]

the processing, in remote Alaska, of dungeness, tanner, and king whole 
crab and crab sections. The effluent limitations contained in this 
subpart G are applicable to facilities not covered under subpart F of 
this part.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.71  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.72  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): No pollutants may be discharged which exceed 
1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[60 FR 33941, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.73  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.74  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.75  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart: No pollutants may be discharged which exceed 
1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.76  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.77  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.72 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]

[[Page 126]]



Subpart H_Dungeness and Tanner Crab Processing in the Contiguous States 
                               Subcategory



Sec. 408.80  Applicability; description of the dungeness and tanner 
crab processing in the contiguous States subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of dungeness and tanner crab in the 
contiguous States.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.81  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amendable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.82  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         8.1               2.7
Oil and grease............................         1.8              0.61
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         8.1               2.7
Oil and grease............................         1.8              0.61
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.83  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.84  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.85  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          10               4.1
TSS.......................................         1.7              0.69

[[Page 127]]

 
Oil and grease............................        0.25              0.10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          10               4.1
TSS.......................................         1.7              0.69
Oil and grease............................        0.25              0.10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.86  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.87  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.82 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



       Subpart I_Non-Remote Alaskan Shrimp Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.90  Applicability; description of the non-remote Alaskan shrimp
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of shrimp in non-remote Alaska. The 
effluent limitations contained in this subpart I are applicable to 
facilities located in population or processing centers including but not 
limited to Anchorage, Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and 
Petersburg.

[40 FR 55780, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.91  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.92  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         320               210
Oil and grease............................          51                17
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         320               210
Oil and grease............................          51                17
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 128]]



Sec. 408.93  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.94  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6438, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.95  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         270               180
Oil and grease............................          45                15
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         270               180
Oil and grease............................          45                15
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.96  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.97  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.92 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



         Subpart J_Remote Alaskan Shrimp Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.100  Applicability; description of the remote Alaskan shrimp
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of shrimp in remote Alaska. The effluent 
limitations contained in this subpart J are applicable to facilities not 
covered under subpart I of this part.

[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.101  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and

[[Page 129]]

saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the form in which it 
is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.102  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT): No pollutants may be discharged which exceed 
1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.103  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.104  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6439, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.105  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart: No pollutants may be discharged which exceed 
1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.106  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.107  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.102 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



     Subpart K_Northern Shrimp Processing in the Contiguous States 
                               Subcategory



Sec. 408.110  Applicability; description of the Northern shrimp processing
in the contiguous States subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of shrimp in the Northern contiguous 
States, including Washington, Oregon, California, Maine, New Hampshire, 
and Massachusetts. The effluent limitations contained in this subpart K 
are applicable to existing facilities processing more than 908 kg (2000 
lbs) of raw material per day on any day during a calendar year and all 
new sources.

[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.111  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:

[[Page 130]]

    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.112  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         160                54
Oil and grease............................         126                42
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         160                54
Oil and grease............................         126                42
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.113  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.114  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6439, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33942, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.115  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         155                62
TSS.......................................          38                15
Oil and grease............................          14               5.7
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         155                62
TSS.......................................          38                15
Oil and grease............................          14               5.7
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.116  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 131]]



Sec. 408.117  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.112 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



   Subpart L_Southern Non-Breaded Shrimp Processing in the Contiguous 
                           States Subcategory



Sec. 408.120  Applicability; description of the Southern non-breaded
shrimp processing in the contiguous States subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of non-breaded shrimp in the Southern 
contiguous States, including North and South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, 
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. The effluent limitations 
contained in this subpart L are applicable to existing facilities 
processing more than 908 kg (2000 lbs) of raw material per day on any 
day during a calendar year and all new sources.

[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.121  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.122  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         110                38
Oil and grease............................          36                12
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         110                38
Oil and grease............................          36                12
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.123  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.124  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.

[[Page 132]]

 
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6439, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.125  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          63                25
TSS.......................................          25                10
Oil and grease............................         4.0               1.6
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          63                25
TSS.......................................          25                10
Oil and grease............................         4.0               1.6
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.126  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.127  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.122 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



Subpart M_Breaded Shrimp Processing in the Contiguous States Subcategory



Sec. 408.130  Applicability; description of the breaded shrimp processing in 
the contiguous States subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of breaded shrimp in the contiguous States 
by existing facilities processing more than 908 kg (2000 lbs) of raw 
material per day on any day during a calendar year and all new sources.

[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.131  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.132  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

[[Page 133]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         280                93
Oil and grease............................          36                12
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         280                93
Oil and grease............................          36                12
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.133  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.134  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6439, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.135  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         100                40
TSS.......................................          55                22
Oil and grease............................         3.8               1.5
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         100                40
TSS.......................................          55                22
Oil and grease............................         3.8               1.5
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.136  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.137  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.132 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]

[[Page 134]]



                  Subpart N_Tuna Processing Subcategory



Sec. 408.140  Applicability; description of the tuna processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of tuna.

[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975]



Sec. 408.141  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean those components of a waste 
water amenable to measurement by the method described in Methods for 
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, 1971, Environmental Protection 
Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 217.
    (c) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.142  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         8.3               3.3
Oil and grease............................         2.1              0.84
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         8.3               3.3
Oil and grease............................         2.1              0.84
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[39 FR 23140, June 26, 1974, as amended at 44 FR 45945, Aug. 9, 1979; 60 
FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.143  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.144  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6439, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.145  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          20               8.1
TSS.......................................         7.5               3.0
Oil and grease............................         1.9              0.76
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------

[[Page 135]]

 
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          20               8.1
TSS.......................................         7.5               3.0
Oil and grease............................         1.9              0.76
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.146  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.147  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.142 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



               Subpart O_Fish Meal Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.150  Applicability; description of the fish meal processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of menhaden on the Gulf and Atlantic 
Coasts and the processing of anchovy on the West Coast into fish meal, 
oil and solubles.



Sec. 408.151  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.152  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any menhaden or anchovy fish meal reduction facility which 
utilizes a solubles plant to process stick water or bail water shall 
meet the following limitations.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         7.0               3.9
TSS.......................................         3.7               1.5
Oil and grease............................         1.4              0.76
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         7.0               3.9
TSS.......................................         3.7               1.5
Oil and grease............................         1.4              0.76
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any menhaden or anchovy fish meal reduction facility not covered 
under Sec. 408.152(a) shall meet the following limitations:

[[Page 136]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.5               2.8
TSS.......................................         2.6               1.7
Oil and grease............................         3.2               1.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.5               2.8
TSS.......................................         2.6               1.7
Oil and grease............................         3.2               1.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31821, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.153  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.154  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33943, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.155  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         6.7               3.8
TSS.......................................         3.7               1.5
Oil and grease............................         1.4              0.76
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         6.7               3.8
TSS.......................................         3.7               1.5
Oil and grease............................         1.4              0.76
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31821, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.156  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.157  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those

[[Page 137]]

specified for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 
401.16) in Sec. 408.152 of this subpart for the best practicable 
control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



     Subpart P_Alaskan Hand-Butchered Salmon Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55782, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.160  Applicability; description of the Alaskan hand-butchered salmon
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the hand-butchering of salmon in Alaska.



Sec. 408.161  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.162  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any hand-butchered salmon processing facility located in 
population or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, 
Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the 
following limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.6               1.6
Oil and grease............................        0.31              0.19
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.6               1.6
Oil and grease............................        0.31              0.19
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any hand-butchered salmon processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.162(a) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants may 
be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55782, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31821, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.163  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.164  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.165  Standards of performance for new sources.

    (a) The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section,

[[Page 138]]

which may be discharged by a new source subject to the provisions of 
this subpart:
    (1) Any hand-butchered salmon processing facility located in 
population or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, 
Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the 
following limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.3               1.4
Oil and grease............................        0.28              0.17
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.3               1.4
Oil and grease............................        0.28              0.17
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (2) Any hand-butchered salmon processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.165(a)(1) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants 
may be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.
    (b) [Reserved]

[40 FR 55782, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31821, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.166  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55781, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.167  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any 
hand-butchered salmon processing facility located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.162(b)(2) of this subpart for the best practicable control 
technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24998, July 9, 1986]



       Subpart Q_Alaskan Mechanized Salmon Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55783, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.170  Applicability; description of the Alaskan mechanized salmon 
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the mechanized butchering of salmon in Alaska.



Sec. 408.171  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.

[[Page 139]]



Sec. 408.172  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any mechanized salmon processing facility located in population 
or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the following 
limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          44                26
Oil and grease............................          29                11
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          44                26
Oil and grease............................          29                11
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any mechanized salmon processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.172(a) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants may 
be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55783, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31821, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.173  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.174  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55783, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.175  Standards of performance for new sources.

    (a) The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:
    (1) Any mechanized salmon processing facility located in population 
or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the following 
limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          42                25
Oil and grease............................          28                10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          42                25
Oil and grease............................          28                10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (2) Any mechanized salmon processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.175(a)(1) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants 
may be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.
    (b) [Reserved]

[40 FR 55783, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31822, July 30, 1976]

[[Page 140]]



Sec. 408.176  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55783, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.177  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.172 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



    Subpart R_West Coast Hand-Butchered Salmon Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55784, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.180  Applicability; description of the West Coast hand-butchered
salmon processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the hand-butchering of salmon on the West Coast.



Sec. 408.181  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.182  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.6               1.6
Oil and grease............................        0.31              0.19
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         2.6               1.6
Oil and grease............................        0.31              0.19
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55784, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31822, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.183  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.184  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the

[[Page 141]]

quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by 
this section which may be discharged to a publicly owned treatment works 
by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55784, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33944, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.185  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         2.7               1.7
TSS.......................................        0.70              0.42
Oil and grease............................       0.045             0.026
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         2.7               1.7
TSS.......................................        0.70              0.42
Oil and grease............................       0.045             0.026
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55784, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31822, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.186  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55783, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.187  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.182 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



      Subpart S_West Coast Mechanized Salmon Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55786, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.190  Applicability; description of the West Coast mechanized
salmon processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the mechanized butchering of salmon on the West Coast.



Sec. 408.191  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and

[[Page 142]]

saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the form in which it 
is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.192  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          44                26
Oil and grease............................          29                11
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          44                26
Oil and grease............................          29                11
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55786, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31822, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.193  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.194  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55786, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.195  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          62                38
TSS.......................................          13               7.6
Oil and grease............................         4.2               1.5
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          62                38
TSS.......................................          13               7.6
Oil and grease............................         4.2               1.5
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55786, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31822, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.196  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 143]]


[40 FR 55786, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.197  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.192 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



          Subpart T_Alaskan Bottom Fish Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55787, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.200  Applicability; description of the Alaskan bottom fish
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of bottom fish such as halibut in Alaska.



Sec. 408.201  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.202  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any Alaskan bottom fish processing facility located in 
population or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, 
Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the 
following limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         3.1               1.9
Oil and grease............................         4.3              0.56
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         3.1               1.9
Oil and grease............................         4.3              0.56
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any Alaskan bottom-fish processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.202(a) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants may 
be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55787, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.203  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.204  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.

[[Page 144]]

 
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55787, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.205  Standards of performance for new sources.

    (a) The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:
    (1) Any Alaskan bottom fish processing facility located in 
population or processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, 
Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the 
following limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         1.9               1.1
Oil and grease............................         2.6              0.34
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         1.9               1.1
Oil and grease............................         2.6              0.34
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (2) Any Alaskan bottom-fish processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.205(a)(1) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants 
may be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 408.206  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55787, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.207  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any 
Alaskan bottom fish processing facility located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.202(b)(2) of this subpart for the best practicable control 
technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24998, July 9, 1986]



  Subpart U_Non-Alaskan Conventional Bottom Fish Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55788, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.210  Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan conventional
bottom fish processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of bottom fish outside of Alaska in which 
the unit operations are carried out predominately through manual 
methods. However, the use of scaling machines and/or skinning machines 
are considered to be normal practice within this subcategory. The

[[Page 145]]

provisions of this subpart apply to the processing of currently, 
commercially processed species of bottom fish such as flounder, ocean 
perch, haddock, cod, sea catfish, sole, halibut, and rockfish. These 
provisions apply to existing facilities processing more than 1816 kg 
(4000 lbs) of raw material per day on any day during a calendar year and 
all new sources.



Sec. 408.211  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.212  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         3.6               2.0
Oil and grease............................         1.0              0.55
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         3.6               2.0
Oil and grease............................         1.0              0.55
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55788, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31822, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.213  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.214  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55788, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.215  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         1.2              0.71
TSS.......................................         1.5              0.73
Oil and grease............................       0.077             0.042
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         1.2              0.71
TSS.......................................         1.5              0.73
Oil and grease............................       0.077             0.042
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55788, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31823, July 30, 1976]

[[Page 146]]



Sec. 408.216  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55788, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33945, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.217  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.212 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



   Subpart V_Non-Alaskan Mechanized Bottom Fish Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55789, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.220  Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan mechanized bottom
fish processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of bottom fish outside of Alaska in which 
the unit operations (particularly the butchering and/or filleting 
operations) are carried out predominately through mechanized methods. 
The provisions of this subpart apply to the processing of bottom fish 
such as whiting and croaker.



Sec. 408.221  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.222  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          22                12
Oil and grease............................         9.9               3.9
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          22                12
Oil and grease............................         9.9               3.9
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55789, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31823, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33946, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 147]]



Sec. 408.223  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.224  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55789, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.225  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          13               7.5
TSS.......................................         5.3               2.9
Oil and grease............................         1.2              0.47
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          13               7.5
TSS.......................................         5.3               2.9
Oil and grease............................         1.2              0.47
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55789, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31823, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.226  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55789, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.227  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.222 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



           Subpart W_Hand-Shucked Clam Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55790, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.230  Applicability; description of the hand-shucked clam processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from existing hand-shucked clam processing facilities which 
process more than 1816 kg (4000 lbs) of raw material per day on

[[Page 148]]

any day during a calendar year and all new sources.



Sec. 408.231  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.232  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          59                18
Oil and grease............................        0.60              0.23
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          59                18
Oil and grease............................        0.60              0.23
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55790, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.233  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.234  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55790, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.235  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          55                17
Oil and grease............................        0.56              0.21
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          55                17
Oil and grease............................        0.56              0.21
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.236  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

[[Page 149]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55790, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.237  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.232 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart X_Mechanized Clam Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55791, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.240  Applicability; description of the mechanized clam 
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from mechanized clam processing.



Sec. 408.241  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.242  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          90                15
Oil and grease............................         4.2              0.97
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          90                15
Oil and grease............................         4.2              0.97
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55791, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.243  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.244  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55791, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 150]]



Sec. 408.245  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          15               5.7
TSS.......................................          26               4.4
Oil and grease............................        0.40             0.092
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          15               5.7
TSS.......................................          26               4.4
Oil and grease............................        0.40             0.092
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.246  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55791, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.247  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.242 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



   Subpart Y_Pacific Coast Hand-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55792, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.250  Applicability; description of the Pacific Coast hand-shucked
oyster processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from existing Pacific Coast handshucked oyster processing 
facilities which process more than 454 kg (1000 lbs) of product per day 
on any day during a calendar year and all new sources.



Sec. 408.251  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term product shall mean the weight of the oyster meat after 
shucking.



Sec. 408.252  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

[[Page 151]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          47                38
Oil and grease............................         2.4               1.8
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          47                38
Oil and grease............................         2.4               1.8
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55792, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31823, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR, 33946, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.253  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.254  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55792, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.255  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          45                36
Oil and grease............................         2.2               1.7
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          45                36
Oil and grease............................         2.2               1.7
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55792, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31823, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.256  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55792, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.257  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, the 
following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart 
after application of the best conventional pollutant control technology:

[[Page 152]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Effluent limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
                                                              values for
            Effluent characteristic             Maximum for     thirty
                                                 any 1 day   consecutive
                                                              days shall
                                                             not exceed--
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Metric units (kilograms
                                                per 1,000 kg of product)
                                               -------------------------
 
TSS...........................................           45           36
Oil and grease................................          2.2          1.7
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
                                               -------------------------
                                                  English units (pounds
                                                per 1,000 lb of product)
                                               -------------------------
 
TSS...........................................           45           36
Oil and grease................................          2.2          1.7
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[51 FR 24998, July 9, 1986]



    Subpart Z_Atlantic and Gulf Coast Hand-Shucked Oyster Processing 
                               Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55793, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.260  Applicability; description of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast
hand-shucked oyster processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharge resulting 
from existing hand-shucked oyster processing facilities on the Atlantic 
and Gulf Coasts which process more than 454 kg (1000 lbs) of product per 
day on any day during a calendar year and all new sources.



Sec. 408.261  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term product shall mean the weight of the oyster meat after 
shucking.



Sec. 408.262  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          24                16
Oil and grease............................         1.2              0.81
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          24                16
Oil and grease............................         1.2              0.81
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55793, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31823, July 30, 1976; 60 
FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.263  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.264  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 153]]


[40 FR 55793, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.265  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                1,000 kg of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          23                16
Oil and grease............................         1.1              0.77
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                1,000 lb of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          23                16
Oil and grease............................         1.1              0.77
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55793, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 41 FR 31824, July 30, 1976]



Sec. 408.266  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55793, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.267  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, the 
following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart 
after application of the best conventional pollutant control technology:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Effluent limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
                                                              values for
            Effluent characteristic             Maximum for     thirty
                                                 any 1 day   consecutive
                                                              days shall
                                                             not exceed--
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Metric units (kilograms
                                                per 1,000 kg of product)
                                               -------------------------
 
TSS...........................................           23           16
Oil and grease................................          1.1         0.77
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
                                               -------------------------
                                                  English units (pounds
                                                per 1,000 lb of product)
                                               -------------------------
 
TSS...........................................           23           16
Oil and grease................................          1.1         0.77
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[51 FR 24998, July 9, 1986]



       Subpart AA_Steamed and Canned Oyster Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55794, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.270  Applicability; description of the steamed and canned
oyster processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from oysters which are mechanically shucked.



Sec. 408.271  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.

[[Page 154]]

    (b) The term product shall mean the weight of the oyster meat after 
shucking.



Sec. 408.272  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         270               190
Oil and grease............................         2.3               1.7
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         270               190
Oil and grease............................         2.3               1.7
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55794, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.273  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.274  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55794, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.275  Standards of performance for new sources.

    Except for those steamed and canned oyster processing facilities 
which utilize air flotation treatment systems to meet the shrimp 
processing standards of performance for new sources under Sec. Sec. 
408.115, 408.125, or Sec. 408.135 and for which standards of 
performance should be derived on a case-by-case basis, the following 
standards of performance establish the quantity or quality of pollutants 
or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          67                17
TSS.......................................          56                39
Oil and grease............................        0.84              0.42
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          67                17
TSS.......................................          56                39
Oil and grease............................        0.64              0.42
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55794, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 42 FR 6813, Feb. 4, 1977]



Sec. 408.276  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.

[[Page 155]]

 
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55794, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.277  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.272 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                Subpart AB_Sardine Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55795, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.280  Applicability; description of the sardine processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the canning of sardines or sea herring for sardines. 
These provisions, however, do not cover the relatively new steaking 
operation in which cutting machines are used for preparing fish steaks.



Sec. 408.281  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analyses set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.282  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any sardine processing facility which utilizes dry 
transportation systems from the fish storage area to the fish processing 
area shall meet the following limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          36                10
Oil and grease............................         3.5               1.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          36                10
Oil and grease............................         3.5               1.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any sardine processing facility not covered under Sec. 
408.282(a) shall meet the following limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          48                16
Oil and grease............................         6.3               2.8
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          48                16
Oil and grease............................         6.3               2.8
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[[Page 156]]


[40 FR 55795, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.283  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.284  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55795, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33947, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.285  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          36                10
Oil and grease............................         1.4              0.57
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          36                10
Oil and grease............................         1.4              0.57
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.286  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55795, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.287  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.282 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart AC_Alaskan Scallop Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55796, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.290  Applicability; description of the Alaskan scallop processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of scallops in Alaska.



Sec. 408.291  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part

[[Page 157]]

401 of this chapter shall apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term product shall mean the weight of the scallop meat after 
processing.



Sec. 408.292  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any Alaskan scallop processing facility located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the following 
limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         6.6               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.7              0.24
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         6.0               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.7              0.24
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any Alaskan scallop processing facility not covered under Sec. 
408.292(a) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants may be 
discharged which exceed 1.27 cm. (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55796, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.293  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.294  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55796, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.295  Standards of performance for new sources.

    (a) The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:
    (1) Any Alaskan scallop processing facility located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall meet the following 
limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         5.7               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.3              0.23
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         5.7               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.3              0.23
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (2) Any Alaskan scallop processing facility not covered under Sec. 
408.295(a) (1) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants may 
be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.
    (b) [Reserved]

[[Page 158]]



Sec. 408.296  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55796, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.297  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    (a) [Reserved]
    (b) Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any 
Alaskan scallop processing facility located in population or processing 
centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, Juneau, 
Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Petersburg shall achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degreee of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology 
(BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified for 
conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.292(b)(2) of this subpart for the best practicable control 
technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24998, July 9, 1986]



          Subpart AD_Non-Alaskan Scallop Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55797, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.300  Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan scallop
processing subcategory.

    With the exception of land-based processing of calico scallops, the 
provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges resulting from 
the processing of scallops outside of Alaska.



Sec. 408.301  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term product shall mean the weight of the scallop meat after 
processing.



Sec. 408.302  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         6.0               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.7              0.24
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         6.0               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.7              0.24
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55797, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 159]]



Sec. 408.303  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.304  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55797, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.305  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         5.7               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.3              0.23
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................         5.7               1.4
Oil and grease............................         7.3              0.23
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.306  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55797, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.307  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, the 
following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart 
after application of the best conventional pollutant control technology:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Efflluent limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
                                                              values for
            Effuent characteristic              Maximum for     thirty
                                                 any 1 day   consecutive
                                                              days shall
                                                             not exceed--
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                        product)
                                               -------------------------
TSS...........................................          5.7          1.4
Oil and grease................................          7.3         0.23
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
                                               -------------------------
                                                  English units (pounds
                                                per 1,000 lb of product)
                                               -------------------------
 
TSS...........................................          5.7          1.4
Oil and grease................................          7.3         0.23
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[51 FR 24998, July 9, 1986]



        Subpart AE_Alaskan Herring Fillet Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55798, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 160]]



Sec. 408.310  Applicability; description of the Alaskan herring fillet
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of herring fillets in Alaska.



Sec. 408.311  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.312  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any herring fillet processing facility located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak and Petersburg shall meet the following 
limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          32                24
Oil and grease............................          27                10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          32                24
Oil and grease............................          27                10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any Alaskan herring fillet processing facility not covered under 
Sec. 408.312(a) shall meet the following limitations: No pollutants may 
be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any dimension.

[40 FR 55798, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.313  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.314  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55798, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33948, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.315  Standards of performance for new sources.

    (a) The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:
    (1) Any herring fillet processing facility located in population or 
processing centers including but not limited to Anchorage, Cordova, 
Juneau, Ketchikan, Kodiak and Petersburg shall meet the following 
limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          23                18

[[Page 161]]

 
Oil and grease............................          20               7.3
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          23                18
Oil and grease............................          20               7.3
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (2) Any Alaskan herring fillet proc-essing facility not covered 
under Sec. 408.315(a)(1) shall meet the following limitations: No 
pollutants may be discharged which exceed 1.27 cm (0.5 inch) in any 
dimension.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 408.316  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55798, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.317  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.312 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



      Subpart AF_Non-Alaskan Herring Fillet Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55799, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.320  Applicability; description of the non-Alaskan herring fillet
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of herring fillets outside of Alaska.



Sec. 408.321  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.322  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          32                24
Oil and grease............................          27                10

[[Page 162]]

 
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          32                24
Oil and grease............................          27                10
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55799, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.323  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.324  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55799, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.325  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          16                15
TSS.......................................         7.0               5.2
Oil and grease............................         2.9               1.1
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................          16                15
TSS.......................................         7.0               5.2
Oil and grease............................         2.9               1.1
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.326  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55799, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.327  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
408.322 of this subpart for the best practicable

[[Page 163]]

control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



                Subpart AG_Abalone Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 55800, Dec. 1, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 408.330  Applicability; description of the abalone processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of abalone in the contiguous states.



Sec. 408.331  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term seafood shall mean the raw material, including 
freshwater and saltwater fish and shellfish, to be processed, in the 
form in which it is received at the processing plant.



Sec. 408.332  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          27                15
Oil and grease............................         2.2               1.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          27                15
Oil and grease............................         2.2               1.4
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[40 FR 55800, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.333  [Reserved]



Sec. 408.334  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55800, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.335  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 164]]


------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
TSS.......................................          26                14
Oil and grease............................         2.1               1.3
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of seafood)
                                           -----------------------------
 
TSS.......................................          26                14
Oil and grease............................         2.1               1.3
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 408.336  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions 
of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5......................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
pH........................................   Do.
Oil and grease............................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 55800, Dec. 1, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 408.337  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, the 
following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart 
after application of the best conventional pollutant control technology:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Efflluent limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
                                                              values for
            Effluent characteristic             Maximum for     thirty
                                                 any 1 day   consecutive
                                                              days shall
                                                             not exceed--
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                        seafood)
                                               -------------------------
TSS...........................................           26           14
Oil and grease................................           21          1.3
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
                                               -------------------------
                                                  English units (pounds
                                                per 1,000 lb of seafood)
                                               -------------------------
TSS...........................................           26           14
Oil and grease................................          2.1          1.3
pH............................................        (\1\)        (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.


[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



PART 409_SUGAR PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY--Table of Contents




               Subpart A_Beet Sugar Processing Subcategory

Sec.
409.10 Applicability; description of the beet sugar processing 
          subcategory.
409.11 Specialized definitions.
409.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.13 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
409.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
409.15 Standards of performance for new sources.
409.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
409.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

          Subpart B_Crystalline Cane Sugar Refining Subcategory

409.20 Applicability; description of the crystalline cane sugar refining 
          subcategory.
409.21 Specialized definitions.
409.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best

[[Page 165]]

          practicable control technology currently available.
409.23 [Reserved]
409.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
409.25 Standards of performance for new sources.
409.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
409.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

            Subpart C_Liquid Cane Sugar Refining Subcategory

409.30 Applicability; description of the liquid cane sugar refining 
          subcategory.
409.31 Specialized definitions.
409.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.33 [Reserved]
409.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
409.35 Standards of performance for new sources.
409.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
409.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

        Subpart D_Louisiana Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

409.40 Applicability; description of the Louisiana raw cane sugar 
          processing subcategory.
409.41 Specialized definitions.
409.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.47 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Subpart E_Florida and Texas Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

409.50 Applicability; description of the Florida and Texas raw cane 
          sugar processing subcategory.
409.51 Specialized definitions.
409.52 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.57 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

  Subpart F_Hilo-Hamakua Coast of the Island of Hawaii Raw Cane Sugar 
                         Processing Subcategory

409.60 Applicability; description of the Hilo-Hamakua Coast of the 
          Island of Hawaii raw cane sugar processing subcategory.
409.61 Specialized definitions.
409.62 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.67 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

        Subpart G_Hawaiian Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

409.70 Applicability; description of the Hawaiian raw cane sugar 
          processing subcategory.
409.71 Specialized definitions.
409.72 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.77 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

      Subpart H_Puerto Rican Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

409.80 Applicability; description of the Puerto Rican raw cane sugar 
          processing subcategory.
409.81 Specialized definitions.
409.82 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
409.87 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307 (c) and 
(d), and 316(b) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; 
33 U.S.C. 1251, 1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317(c), and 
1326(c); 86 Stat. 816 et

[[Page 166]]

seq., Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.



               Subpart A_Beet Sugar Processing Subcategory

    Source: 39 FR 4037, Jan. 31, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.10  Applicability; description of the beet sugar processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from any operation attendant to the processing of sugar beets 
for the production of sugar.



Sec. 409.11  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) The term barometric condensing operations shall mean those 
operations or processes directly associated with or related to the 
concentration and crystallization of sugar solutions.
    (c) The term product shall mean crystallized refined sugar.



Sec. 409.12  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available; provided however, that a discharge by a point 
source may be made in accordance with the limitations set forth in 
either paragraph (a) of this section exclusively, or paragraph (b) of 
this section exclusively, below:
    (a) The following limitations establish the maximum permissible 
discharge of process waste water pollutants when the process waste water 
discharge results from barometric condensing operations only.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.3               2.2
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
Temperature...............................       (\2\)             (\2\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.3               2.2
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
Temperature...............................       (\3\)             (\3\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
\2\ Temperature not to exceed the temperature of cooled water acceptable
  for return to the heat producing process and in no event greater than
  32 [deg]C.
\3\ Temperature not to exceed the temperature of cooled water acceptable
  for return to the heat producing process and in no event greater than
  90 [deg]F.

    (b) The following limitations establish the maximum permissible 
discharge of process waste water pollutants when the process waste water 
discharge results, in whole or in part, from barometric condensing 
operations and any other beet sugar processing operation.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                      product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.3               2.2
TSS.......................................         3.3               2.2
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
Fecal coliform............................       (\2\)             (\2\)
Temperature...............................       (\3\)             (\3\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                     of product)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................         3.3               2.2
TSS.......................................         3.3               2.2
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
Fecal coliform............................       (\4\)             (\4\)
Temperature...............................       (\5\)             (\5\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
\2\ Not to exceed MPN of 400/100 ml at any time.
\3\ Not to exceed 32 [deg]F.
\4\ Not to exceed MPN of 400/100 ml at any time (not typically expressed
  in English units).
\5\ Not to exceed 90 [deg]F.


[[Page 167]]



Sec. 409.13  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    (a) The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by a point 
source where the sugar beet processing capacity of the point source does 
not exceed 1090 kkg (2300 tons) per day of beets sliced or where the 
soil filtration rate, whether natural or by deliberate design, within 
the boundaries of all waste water treatment or retention facilities 
associated with the point source is less than or equal to 0.159 cm (\1/
16\ in.) per day; provided however, that a discharge by a point source 
may be made in accordance with the limitations set forth in either 
paragraph (a)(1) exclusively, or paragraph (a)(2) of this section 
exclusively.
    (1) The following limitations establish the maximum permissible 
discharge of process waste water pollutants when the process waste water 
discharge results from barometric condensing operations only.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Temperature...............................  Temperature not to exceed
                                             the temperature of cooled
                                             water acceptable for return
                                             to the heat producing
                                             process and in no event
                                             greater than 32 [deg]C (90
                                             [deg]F).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) The following limitations establish the maximum permissible 
discharge of process waste water pollutants when the process waste water 
discharge results, in whole or in part, from barometric condensing 
operations and any other beet sugar processing operation.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Effluent characteristics               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Temperature...............................  Not to exceed 32 [deg]C (90
                                             [deg]F).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) [Reserved]

[39 FR 4037, Jan. 31, 1974, as amended at 40 FR 36337, Aug. 20, 1975; 44 
FR 50740, Aug. 29, 1979]



Sec. 409.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
Fecal coliform............................   Do.
Temperature (heat)........................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6439, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.15  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged by 
a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart: There shall be 
no discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.



Sec. 409.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.17  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.12 of this subpart for the best practicable

[[Page 168]]

control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



          Subpart B_Crystalline Cane Sugar Refining Subcategory

    Source: 39 FR 10524, Mar. 20, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.20  Applicability; description of the crystalline cane sugar 
refining subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of raw cane sugar into crystalline refined 
sugar.



Sec. 409.21  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) Net shall mean the addition of pollutants.
    (c) Melt shall mean that amount of raw material (raw sugar) 
contained within aqueous solution at the beginning of the process for 
production of refined cane sugar.



Sec. 409.22  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any crystalline cane sugar refinery discharging both barometric 
condenser cooling water and other process waters shall meet the 
following limitations. The BOD5 limitation is determined by the addition 
of the net BOD5 attributed to the barometric condenser cooling water to 
that amount of BOD5 attributed to the treated process water. The TSS 
limitation is that amount of TSS attributed to the treated process 
water. Where the barometric condenser cooling water and process water 
streams are mixed and impossible to measure separately prior to 
discharge, the values should be considered net.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.19              0.43
TSS.......................................         .27              0.09
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                    ton of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.38              0.86
TSS.......................................         .54               .18
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any crystalline cane sugar refinery discharging barometric 
condenser cooling water only should be required to achieve the following 
net limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.02              0.34
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                    ton of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        2.04              0.68
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[39 FR 10524, Mar. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.23  [Reserved]



Sec. 409.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a

[[Page 169]]

point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6440, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33949, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.25  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.18              0.09
TSS.......................................         .11              .035
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                    ton of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.36              0.18
TSS.......................................         .21               .07
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 409.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.27  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.22 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



            Subpart C_Liquid Cane Sugar Refining Subcategory

    Source: 39 FR 10526, Mar. 20, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.30  Applicability; description of the liquid cane sugar refining
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of raw cane sugar into liquid refined 
sugar.



Sec. 409.31  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall 
apply to this subpart.
    (b) Net shall mean the addition of pollutants.
    (c) Melt shall mean that amount of raw material (raw sugar) 
contained within aqueous solution at the beginning of the process for 
production of refined cane sugar.



Sec. 409.32  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any liquid cane sugar refinery discharging both barometric 
condenser cooling water and other process waters shall meet the 
following limitations. The BOD5 limitation is determined by the addition 
of the net BOD5 attributed to the barometric condenser cooling water to 
that amount of BOD5 attributed to the treated process water. The

[[Page 170]]

TSS limitation is that amount of TSS attributed to the treated process 
water. Where the barometric condenser cooling water and process water 
streams are mixed and impossible to measure separately prior to 
discharge, the values should be considered net.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.78              0.32
TSS.......................................         .50               .17
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                    ton of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.56              0.63
TSS.......................................         .99               .33
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any liquid cane sugar refinery discharging barometric condenser 
cooling water only shall meet the following net limitations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.45              0.15
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                    ton of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.90              0.30
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[39 FR 10526, Mar. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.33  [Reserved]



Sec. 409.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6440, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.35  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Metric units (kilograms per
                                                  1,000 kg of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.30              0.15
TSS.......................................        0.09               .03
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                              English units (pounds per
                                                    ton of melt)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        0.60              0.30
TSS.......................................        0.18               .06
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 409.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.37  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall

[[Page 171]]

achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of 
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
conventional pollutant control technology (BCT): The limitations shall 
be the same as those specified for conventional pollutants (which are 
defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 409.32 of this subpart for the best 
practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



        Subpart D_Louisiana Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 8503, Feb. 27, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.40  Applicability; description of the Louisiana raw cane sugar
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of sugar cane into a raw sugar product for 
those cane sugar factories operating in the State of Louisiana.



Sec. 409.41  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term gross cane shall mean that amount of crop material as 
harvested, including field trash and other extraneous material.



Sec. 409.42  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any cane sugar factory continuously discharging both barometric 
condenser cooling water and other process waste waters shall meet the 
following limitations. The BOD5 limitation is determined by the addition 
of the net BOD5 attributable to the barometric condenser cooling water 
to that amount of BOD5 attributable to the treated process waste water. 
The TSS limitation is that amount of TSS attributable to the treated 
process waste water, excluding barometric condenser cooling water.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                     gross cane)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.14              0.63
TSS.......................................        1.41              0.47
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                   of gross cane)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.14              0.63
TSS.......................................        1.41              0.47
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any cane sugar factory employing waste stabilization where all 
or a portion of the waste water discharge is stored for the entire 
grinding season shall meet the following limitations. The BOD5 
limitation is determined by the addition of the net BOD5 attributable to 
the barometric condenser cooling water to that amount of BOD5 
attributable to the treated process waste water. The TSS limitation is 
that amount of TSS attributable to the treated process waste water, 
excluding barometric condenser cooling water.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Effluent limitations, the total
                                           of the daily values for the
        Effluent characteristic           entire discharge period shall
                                                  not exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Metric units (kg/kkg of gross
                                                      cane)
                                       ---------------------------------
BOD5..................................  0.63.
TSS...................................  0.47.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                   gross cane)
                                       ---------------------------------
BOD5..................................  0.63.
TSS...................................  0.47.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 8503, Feb. 27, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 172]]



Sec. 409.47  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.42 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



    Subpart E_Florida and Texas Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 8503, Feb. 27, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.50  Applicability; description of the Florida and Texas raw
cane sugar processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of sugar cane into a raw sugar product for 
those cane sugar factories located in the states of Florida and Texas.



Sec. 409.51  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 409.52  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, and subject 
to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, any existing point 
source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT): There shall be no discharge of process wastewater 
pollutants to navigable waters.
    (a) Process waste water pollutants in the overflow may be discharged 
to navigable waters whenever rainfall events cause an overflow of 
process waste water from a facility designed, constructed, and operated 
to contain all process generated waste waters.
    (b) [Reserved]

[60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.57  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.52 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



  Subpart F_Hilo-Hamakua Coast of the Island of Hawaii Raw Cane Sugar 
                         Processing Subcategory



Sec. 409.60  Applicability; description of the Hilo-Hamakua Coast of
the Island of Hawaii raw cane sugar processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of sugar cane into a raw sugar product for 
those cane sugar factories located on the Hilo-Hamakua Coast of the 
Island of Hawaii in the State of Hawaii.

[40 FR 8504, Feb. 27, 1975]



Sec. 409.61  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and

[[Page 173]]

methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term gross cane shall mean that amount of crop material as 
harvested, including field trash and other extraneous material.
    (c) The term net cane shall mean that amount of ``gross cane'' less 
the weight of extraneous material.
    (d) The term x shall mean that fraction of the ``net cane'' 
harvested by the advanced harvesting systems.

[40 FR 8504, Feb. 27, 1975]



Sec. 409.62  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Maximum for any 1    Average of daily values for
                               day            30 consecutive days shall
                     ----------------------          not exceed
      Effluent                             -----------------------------
   characteristics      kg/kkg    lb/1,000   kg/kkg
                        gross     lb gross    gross    lb/1,000 lb gross
                         cane       cane      cane           cane
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5................  (\1\)      (\1\)      (\1\)     (\1\).
TSS.................  9.9        9.9        3.6       3.6.
pH..................  (\1\)      (\1\)      (\1\)     (\1\).
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ No limitations.


[40 FR 8504, Feb 27, 1975, as amended at 44 FR 64080, Nov. 6, 1979; 45 
FR 59152, Sept. 8, 1980; 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.67  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.62 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



        Subpart G_Hawaiian Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 8504, Feb. 27, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.70  Applicability; description of the Hawaiian raw cane sugar 
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of sugar cane into a raw sugar product for 
those cane sugar factories, other than those described by subpart F, 
located in the State of Hawaii.



Sec. 409.71  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 409.72  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, and subject 
to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, any existing point 
source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT): There shall be no discharge of process waste water 
pollutants to navigable waters.
    (a) Process waste water pollutants in the overflow may be discharged 
to navigable waters whenever rainfall events cause an overflow of 
process waste water from a facility designed, constructed, and operated 
to contain all process generated waste waters.
    (b) [Reserved]

[40 FR 8504, Feb. 27, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]

[[Page 174]]



Sec. 409.77  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.72 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



      Subpart H_Puerto Rican Raw Cane Sugar Processing Subcategory

    Source: 40 FR 8505, Feb. 27, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 409.80  Applicability; description of the Puerto Rican raw cane sugar
processing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the processing of sugar cane into a raw sugar product for 
those cane sugar factories located on the island of Puerto Rico.



Sec. 409.81  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term gross cane shall mean that amount of crop material as 
harvested, including field trash and other extraneous material.



Sec. 409.82  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):
    (a) Any cane sugar factory continuously discharging both barometric 
condenser cooling water and other process waste waters shall meet the 
following limitations. The BOD5 limitation is determined by the addition 
of the net BOD5 attributable to the barometric condenser cooling water 
to that amount of BOD5 attributable to the treated process waste water. 
The TSS limitation is that amount of TSS attributable to the treated 
process waste water, excluding barometric condenser cooling water.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Effluent limitations
                                           -----------------------------
                                                        Average of daily
          Effluent characteristic             Maximum     values for 30
                                             for any 1  consecutive days
                                                day         shall not
                                                            exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Metric units (kg/kkg of
                                                     gross cane)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.14              0.63
TSS.......................................        1.41              0.47
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
                                           -----------------------------
                                             English units (lb/1,000 lb
                                                   of gross cane)
                                           -----------------------------
BOD5......................................        1.14              0.63
TSS.......................................        1.41              0.47
pH........................................       (\1\)             (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

    (b) Any cane sugar factory employing waste stabilization where all 
or a portion of the waste water discharge is stored for the entire 
grinding season shall meet the following limitations. The BOD5 
limitation is determined by the addition of the net BOD5 attributable to 
the barometric condenser cooling water to that amount of BOD5 
attributable to the treated process waste water. The TSS limitation is 
that amount of TSS attributable to the treated process waste water, 
excluding barometric condenser cooling water.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Effluent limitations, the total
                                           of the daily values for the
        Effluent characteristic           entire discharge period shall
                                                  not exceed--
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Metric units (kg/kkg of gross
                                                      cane)
                                       ---------------------------------
BOD5..................................  0.63.
TSS...................................  0.47.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------

[[Page 175]]

 
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                   gross cane)
                                       ---------------------------------
BOD5..................................  0.63.
TSS...................................  0.47.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


(Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), 307 (c) and (d) of the 
Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1251, 1311, 
1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317(c) and 1326(c)), 86 Stat. 816 
et seq., Pub. L. 92-500)

[40 FR 8504, Feb. 27, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 409.87  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
409.82 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



PART 410_TEXTILE MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY--Table of Contents




                           General Provisions

Sec.
410.00 Applicability.
410.01 General definitions.
410.02 Monitoring requirements. [Reserved]

                   Subpart A_Wool Scouring Subcategory

410.10 Applicability; description of the wool scouring subcategory.
410.11 Specialized definitions.
410.12 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.13 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.15 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.17 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

                  Subpart B_Wool Finishing Subcategory

410.20 Applicability; description of the wool finishing subcategory.
410.21 Specialized definitions.
410.22 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.23 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.25 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.27 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

             Subpart C_Low Water Use Processing Subcategory

410.30 Applicability; description of the low water use processing 
          subcategory.
410.31 Specialized definitions.
410.32 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.33 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.35 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.37 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable

[[Page 176]]

          by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
          technology (BCT). [Reserved]

              Subpart D_Woven Fabric Finishing Subcategory

410.40 Applicability; description of the woven fabric finishing 
          subcategory.
410.41 Specialized definitions.
410.42 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.43 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.44 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.45 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.47 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

               Subpart E_Knit Fabric Finishing Subcategory

410.50 Applicability; description of the knit fabric finishing 
          subcategory.
410.51 Specialized definitions.
410.52 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.53 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.54 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.55 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.56 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.57 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

                 Subpart F_Carpet Finishing Subcategory

410.60 Applicability; description of the carpet finishing subcategory.
410.61 Specialized definitions.
410.62 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.63 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.64 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.65 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.66 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.67 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

             Subpart G_Stock and Yarn Finishing Subcategory

410.70 Applicability; description of the stock and yarn finishing 
          subcategory.
410.71 Specialized definitions. [Reserved]
410.72 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.73 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.74 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.75 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.76 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.77 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

              Subpart H_Nonwoven Manufacturing Subcategory

410.80 Applicability; description of the nonwoven manufacturing 
          subcategory.
410.81 Specialized definitions. [Reserved]
410.82 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.83 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.84 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

[[Page 177]]

410.85 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.86 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.87 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

             Subpart I_Felted Fabric Processing Subcategory

410.90 Applicability; description of the felted fabric processing 
          subcategory.
410.91 Specialized definitions. [Reserved]
410.92 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
410.93 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best available 
          technology economically achievable (BAT).
410.94 Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
410.95 New source performance standards (NSPS).
410.96 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
410.97 Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent 
          reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT). [Reserved]

    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 306 (b) and (c), 
307 (b) and (c), and 501 of the Clean Water Act (the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, as amended by the Clean Water 
Act of 1977) (the ``Act''); 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 
1316 (b) and (c), 1317 (b) and (c), and 1361; 86 Stat. 186 et seq., Pub. 
L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

    Source: 47 FR 38819, Sept. 2, 1982, unless otherwise noted.

                           General Provisions



Sec. 410.00  Applicability.

    This part applies to any textile mill or textile processing facility 
which discharges or may discharge process wastewater pollutants to the 
waters of the United States, or which introduces or may introduce 
process wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works.



Sec. 410.01  General definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401, the 
following definitions apply to this part:
    (a) Sulfide shall mean total sulfide (dissolved and acid soluble) as 
measured by the procedures listed in 40 CFR part 136.
    (b) Phenols shall mean total phenols as measured by the procedure 
listed in 40 CFR part 136.
    (c) Total Chromium shall mean hexavalent and trivalent chromium as 
measured by the procedures listed in 40 CFR part 136.
    (d) The term commission finishing shall mean the finishing of 
textile materials, 50 percent or more of which are owned by others, in 
mills that are 51 percent or more independent (i.e., only a minority 
ownership by company(ies) with greige or integrated operations); the 
mills must process 20 percent or more of their commissioned production 
through batch, noncontinuous processing operations with 50 percent or 
more of their commissioned orders processed in 5000 yard or smaller 
lots.
    (e) The term product, except where a specialized definition is 
included in the subpart, shall mean the final material produced or 
processed at the mill.



Sec. 410.02  Monitoring requirements. [Reserved]



                   Subpart A_Wool Scouring Subcategory



Sec. 410.10  Applicability; description of the wool scouring subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following types of textile mills: wool 
scouring, topmaking, and general cleaning of raw wool.



Sec. 410.11  Specialized definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and 
Sec. 410.01 of this part, the following definitions apply to this 
subpart:
    (a) The term wool shall mean the dry raw wool as it is received by 
the wool scouring mill.
    (b) The term oil and grease shall mean total recoverable oil and 
grease as

[[Page 178]]

measured by the procedure listed in 40 CFR part 136.
    (c) The term commission scouring shall mean the scouring of wool, 50 
percent or more of which is owned by others, in mills that are 51 
percent or more independent (i.e., only a minority ownership by 
company(ies) with greige or integrated operations); the mills must 
process 20 percent or more of their commissioned production through 
batch, noncontinuous processing operations.



Sec. 410.12  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology

          currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                   1,000 lb) of wool
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................         10.6           5.3
COD.........................................        138.0          69.0
TSS.........................................         32.2          16.1
Oil and grease..............................          7.2           3.6
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenol......................................          0.10          0.05
Total chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.

    (b) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraph (a) of this section are allowed any existing 
point source subject to such effluent limitations that scours wool 
through ``commission scouring'' as defined in Sec. 410.11.



Sec. 410.13  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                   1,000 lb) of wool
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................        138.0          69.0
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraph (a) of this section are allowed any existing 
point source subject to such effluent limitations that scours wool 
through ``commission scouring'' as defined in Sec. 410.11.



Sec. 410.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.15  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                   1,000 lb) of wool
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          3.6           1.9
COD.........................................         52.4          33.7
TSS.........................................         30.3          13.5
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission scouring'' are not
  available to new sources.


[[Page 179]]



Sec. 410.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.17  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



                  Subpart B_Wool Finishing Subcategory



Sec. 410.20  Applicability; description of the wool finishing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following types of textile mills: wool 
finishers, including carbonizing, fulling, dyeing, bleaching, rinsing, 
fireproofing, and other such similar processes.



Sec. 410.21  Specialized definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and 
Sec. 410.01 of this part, the following definition applies to this 
subpart:
    (a) The term fiber shall mean the dry wool and other fibers as 
received at the wool finsihing mill for processing into wool and blended 
products.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 410.22  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Kg/kkg (or pound per 1,000
                                                     lb) of fiber
                                             ---------------------------
 
BOD5........................................         22.4          11.2
COD.........................................        163.0          81.5
TSS.........................................         35.2          17.6
Sulfide.....................................          0.28          0.14
Phenol......................................          0.14          0.07
Total chromium..............................          0.14          0.07
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.

    (b) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraph (a) of this section are allowed any existing 
point source subject to such effluent limitations that finishes wool or 
blended wool fabrics through ``commission finishing'' as defined in 
Sec. 410.01.



Sec. 410.23  Effluent limitation representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitation
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of fiber
                                             ---------------------------
 
COD.........................................        163.0          81.5
Sulfide.....................................          0.28          0.14
Phenols.....................................          0.14          0.07
Total Chromium..............................          0.14          0.07
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraph (a) of this section are allowed any existing 
point source subject to such effluent limitations that finishes wool or 
blended wool fabrics through ``commission finishing'' as defined in 
Sec. 410.01.

[[Page 180]]



Sec. 410.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.25  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                     lb) of fiber
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................         10.7           5.5
COD.........................................        113.8          73.3
TSS.........................................         32.3          14.4
Sulfide.....................................          0.28          0.14
Phenols.....................................          0.14          0.07
Total Chromium..............................          0.14          0.07
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.



Sec. 410.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.27  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



             Subpart C_Low Water Use Processing Subcategory



Sec. 410.30  Applicability; description of the low water use processing 
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following types of textile mills: yarn 
manufacture, yarn texturizing, unfinished fabric manufacture, fabric 
coating, fabric laminating, tire cord and fabric dipping, and carpet 
tufting and carpet backing. Rubberized or rubber coated fabrics 
regulated by 40 CFR part 428 are specifically excluded.



Sec. 410.31  Specialized definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and 
Sec. 410.01 of this part, the following definitions apply to this 
subpart:
    (a) The term general processing shall mean the internal subdivision 
of the low water use processing subcategory for facilities described in 
Sec. 410.30 that do not qualify under the water jet weaving 
subdivision.
    (b) The term water jet weaving shall mean the internal subdivision 
of the low water use processing subcategory for facilities primarily 
engaged in manufacturing woven greige goods through the water jet 
weaving process.



Sec. 410.32  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BPT):

                           General Processing
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................           1.4           0.7
COD.........................................           2.8           1.4
TSS.........................................           1.4           0.7
ph..........................................       (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.


                            Water Jet Weaving
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                    1lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................           8.9           4.6

[[Page 181]]

 
COD.........................................          21.3          13.7
TSS.........................................           5.5           2.5
ph..........................................       (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.



Sec. 410.33  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

                           General Processing
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................           2.8           1.4
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                            Water Jet Weaving
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................          21.3          13.7
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 410.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.35  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

                           General Processing
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................           1.4           0.7
COD.........................................           2.8           1.4
TSS.........................................           1.4           0.7
pH..........................................       (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.


                            Water Jet Weaving
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Kg/kkg (pounds per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................           8.9           4.6
COD.........................................          21.3          13.7
TSS.........................................           5.5           2.5
pH..........................................       (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.



Sec. 410.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.37  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



              Subpart D_Woven Fabric Finishing Subcategory



Sec. 410.40  Applicability; description of the woven fabric finishing 
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following

[[Page 182]]

types of textile mills: woven fabric finishers, which may include any or 
all of the following unit operations: Desizing, bleaching, mercerizing, 
dyeing, printing, resin treatment, water proofing, flame proofing, soil 
repellency application and a special finish application.



Sec. 410.41  Specialized definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and 
Sec. 410.01 of this part the following definitions apply to this 
subpart:
    (a) The term simple manufacturing operation shall mean all the 
following unit processes: Desizing, fiber preparation and dyeing.
    (b) The term complex manufacturing operation shall mean ``simple'' 
unit processes (desizing, fiber preparation and dyeing) plus any 
additional manufacturing operations such as printing, water proofing, or 
applying stain resistance or other functional fabric finishes.
    (c) For NSPS (Sec. 410.45) the term desizing facilities shall mean 
those facilities that desize more than 50 percent of their total 
production. These facilities may also perform other processing such as 
fiber preparation, scouring, mercerizing, functional finishing, 
bleaching, dyeing and printing.



Sec. 410.42  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          6.6           3.3
COD.........................................         60.0          30.0
TSS.........................................         17.8           8.9
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenol......................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.

    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of woven fabrics through 
simple manufacturing operations employing a synthetic fiber or through 
complex manufacturing operations employing a natural fiber, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart, 
in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   BPT limitations
                                            ----------------------------
                                                             Average of
      Pollutant or pollutant property                       daily values
                                              Maximum for      for 30
                                               any 1 day     consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Kg/kkg (or pounds per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                            ----------------------------
COD........................................          20.0           10.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of woven fabrics through 
simple manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
blend or through complex manufacturing operations employing a synthetic 
fiber, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................          40.0          20.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 183]]

    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of woven fabrics through 
complex manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
blend, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Kg/kkg (or pound per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................          60.0          30.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (e) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (d) of this section are 
allowed any existing point source subject to such effluent limitations 
that finishes woven fabrics through ``commission finishing'' as defined 
in Sec. 410.01.

[47 FR 38819, Sept. 2, 1982, as amended at 48 FR 39624, Sept. 1, 1983]



Sec. 410.43  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Kg/kkg (or pound per 1,000
                                                    lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................         60.0          30.0
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of woven fabrics through 
simple manufacturing operations employing a synthetic fiber or through 
complex manufacturing operations employing a natural fiber, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart, 
in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................          20.0          10.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of woven fabrics through 
simple manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
blend or through complex manufacturing operations employing a synthetic 
fiber, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................          40.0          20.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 184]]

    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of woven fabrics through 
complex manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
blend, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     BAT limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
        Pollutant or pollutant property         Maximum for   values for
                                                 any 1 day        30
                                                             consecutive
                                                                 days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of product
                                               -------------------------
COD...........................................         60.0         30.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (e) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (d) of this section are 
allowed any existing point source subject to such effluent limitations 
that finishes woven fabrics through ``commission finishing'' as defined 
in Sec. 410.01.

[47 FR 38819, Sept. 2, 1982, as amended at 48 FR 39624, Sept. 1, 1983]



Sec. 410.44  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.45  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

                     Simple Manufacturing Operations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          3.3           1.7
COD.........................................         41.7          26.9
TSS.........................................          8.8           3.9
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH\1\.......................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.


                    Complex Manufacturing Operations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          3.7           1.9
COD.........................................         68.7          44.2
TSS.........................................         14.4           6.4
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH\1\.......................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.


                                Desizing
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          5.5           2.8
COD.........................................         59.5          38.3
TSS.........................................         15.6           6.9
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
 
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.



Sec. 410.46  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[[Page 185]]



Sec. 410.47  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



               Subpart E_Knit Fabric Finishing Subcategory



Sec. 410.50  Applicability; description of the knit fabric finishing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following types of textile mills: knit 
fabric finishers, which may include any or all of the following unit 
operations: Bleaching, mercerizing, dyeing, printing, resin treatment, 
water proofing, flame proofing, soil repellency application and a 
special finish application.



Sec. 410.51  Specialized definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and 
Sec. 410.01 of this part, the following definitions apply to this 
subpart:
    (a) The term simple manufacturing operation shall mean all the 
following unit processes: desizing, fiber preparation and dyeing.
    (b) The term complex manufacturing operation shall mean ``simple'' 
unit processes (desizing, fiber preparation and dyeing) plus any 
additional manufacturing operations such as printing, water proofing, or 
applying stain resistance or other functional fabric finishes.
    (c) For NSPS (Sec. 410.55) the term hosiery products shall mean the 
internal subdivision of the knit fabric finishing subcategory for 
facilities that are engaged primarily in dyeing or finishing hosiery of 
any type.



Sec. 410.52  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          5.0           2.5
COD.........................................         60.0          30.0
TSS.........................................         21.8          10.9
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.

    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of knit fabrics through 
simple manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
or through complex manufacturing operations employing a synthetic fiber, 
which may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of 
this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (a) of 
this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     BPT limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
        Pollutant or pollutant property         Maximum for   values for
                                                 any 1 day        30
                                                             consecutive
                                                                 days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of product
                                               -------------------------
COD...........................................         20.0         10.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of knit fabrics through 
complex manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
blend, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this section.

[[Page 186]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     BPT limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
        Pollutant or pollutant property         Maximum for   values for
                                                 any 1 day        30
                                                             consecutive
                                                                 days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of product
                                               -------------------------
COD...........................................         40.0         20.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section are allowed 
any existing point source subject to such effluent limitations that 
finishes knit fabrics through ``commission finishing'' as defined in 
Sec. 410.01.

[47 FR 38819, Sept. 2, 1982, as amended at 48 FR 39624, Sept. 1, 1983]



Sec. 410.53  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................         60.0          30.0
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of knit fabrics through 
simple manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
or through complex manufacturing operations employing a synthetic fiber, 
which may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of 
this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (a) of 
this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     BAT limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
        Pollutant or pollutant property         Maximum for   values for
                                                 any 1 day        30
                                                             consecutive
                                                                 days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of product
                                               -------------------------
COD...........................................         20.0         10.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section for 
commission finishing operations, the following limitations establish the 
quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by 
this section and attributable to the finishing of knit fabrics through 
complex manufacturing operations employing a natural and synthetic fiber 
blend, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................         40.0          20.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) Additional allocations equal to the effluent limitations 
established in paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section are allowed 
any existing point source subject to such effluent limitations that 
finishes knit fabrics through ``commission finishing'' as defined in 
Sec. 410.01.

[47 FR 38819, Sept. 2, 1982, as amended at 48 FR 39624, Sept. 1, 1983]



Sec. 410.54  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[[Page 187]]



Sec. 410.55  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

                     Simple Manufacturing Operations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          3.6           1.9
COD.........................................         48.1          31.0
TSS.........................................         13.2           5.9
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.


                    Complex Manufacturing Operations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          4.8           2.5
COD.........................................         51.0          32.9
TSS.........................................         12.2           5.4
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................     (\1\-)        (\1\-)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
 
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.


                            Hosiery Products
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          2.3           1.2
COD.........................................         30.7          19.8
TSS.........................................          8.4           3.7
Sulfide.....................................          0.20          0.10
Phenols.....................................          0.10          0.05
Total Chromium..............................          0.10          0.05
pH..........................................     (\1\-)        (\1\-)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
 
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.



Sec. 410.56  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.57  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



                 Subpart F_Carpet Finishing Subcategory



Sec. 410.60  Applicability; description of the carpet finishing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following types of textile mills: carpet 
mills, which may include any or all of the following unit operations: 
Bleaching, scouring, carbonizing, fulling, dyeing, printing, resin 
treatment, waterproofing, flameproofing, soil repellency, looping, and 
backing with foamed and unfoamed latex and jute. Carpet backing without 
other carpet manufacturing operations is included in subpart C.



Sec. 410.61  Specialized definitions.

    In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and 
Sec. 410.01 of this part, the following definitions apply to this 
subpart:
    (a) The term product shall mean the final carpet produced or 
processed including the primary backing but excluding the secondary 
backing.
    (b) The term simple manufacturing operation shall mean the following 
unit processes: fiber preparation and dyeing with or without carpet 
backing.
    (c) The term complex manufacturing operation shall mean ``simple'' 
unit processes (fiber preparation, dyeing and carpet backing) plus any 
additional manufacturing operations such as printing or dyeing and 
printing.

[[Page 188]]



Sec. 410.62  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          7.8           3.9
COD.........................................         70.2          35.1
TSS.........................................         11.0           5.5
Sulfide.....................................          0.08          0.04
Phenol......................................          0.04          0.02
Total Chromium..............................          0.04          0.02
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.

    (b) The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section and 
attributable to the manufacture of carpets through complex manufacturing 
operations, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     BPT limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
        Pollutant or pollutant property         Maximum for   values for
                                                 any 1 day        30
                                                             consecutive
                                                                 days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of product
                                               -------------------------
COD...........................................         20.0         10.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 410.63  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
efflluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best available technology 
economically achievable (BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................         70.2          35.1
Sulfide.....................................          0.08          0.04
Phenols.....................................          0.04          0.02
Total chromium..............................          0.04          0.02
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section and 
attributable to the manufacture of carpets through complex manufacturing 
operations, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by 
paragraph (a) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     BAT limitations
                                               -------------------------
                                                              Average of
                                                                daily
        Pollutant or pollutant property         Maximum for   values for
                                                 any 1 day        30
                                                             consecutive
                                                                 days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                  1,000 lb) of product
                                               -------------------------
COD...........................................         20.0         10.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 410.64  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.65  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subject must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   NSPS limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          4.6           2.4
COD.........................................         26.6          17.1

[[Page 189]]

 
TSS.........................................          8.6           3.8
Sulfide.....................................          0.08          0.04
Phenols.....................................          0.04          0.02
Total chromium..............................          0.04          0.02
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
 
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.



Sec. 410.66  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.67  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



             Subpart G_Stock and Yarn Finishing Subcategory



Sec. 410.70  Applicability; description of the stock and yarn finishing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from the following types of textile mills: Stock or 
yarn dyeing or finishing, which may include any or all of the following 
unit operations and processes: Cleaning, scouring, bleaching, 
mercerizing, dyeing and special finishing.



Sec. 410.71  Specialized definitions. [Reserved]



Sec. 410.72  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          6.8           3.4
COD.........................................         84.6          42.3
TSS.........................................         17.4           8.7
Sulfide.....................................          0.24          0.12
Phenol......................................          0.12          0.06
Total chromium..............................          0.12          0.06
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.

    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 410.73  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................         84.6          42.3
Sulfide.....................................          0.24          0.12
Phenols.....................................          0.12          0.06
Total chromium..............................          0.12          0.06
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 410.74  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.75  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

[[Page 190]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................          3.6           1.9
COD.........................................         33.9          21.9
TSS.........................................          9.8           4.4
Sulfide.....................................          0.24          0.12
Phenols.....................................          0.12          0.06
Total chromium..............................          0.12          0.06
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
 
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.



Sec. 410.76  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.77  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



              Subpart H_Nonwoven Manufacturing Subcategory



Sec. 410.80  Applicability; description of the nonwoven manufacturing subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from facilities that primarily manufacture nonwoven 
textile products of wool, cotton, or synthetics, singly or as blends, by 
mechanical, thermal, and/or adhesive bonding procedures. Nonwoven 
products produced by fulling and felting processes are covered in 
subpart I--Felted Fabric Processing.



Sec. 410.81  Specialized definitions. [Reserved]



Sec. 410.82  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................         4.4           2.2
COD.........................................        40.0          20.0
TSS.........................................         6.2           3.1
Sulfide.....................................         0.046         0.023
Phenol......................................         0.023         0.011
Total chromium..............................         0.023         0.011
pH..........................................     (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.



Sec. 410.83  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................        40.0          20.0
Sulfide.....................................         0.046         0.023
Phenols.....................................         0.023         0.011
Total chromium..............................         0.023         0.011
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 410.84  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[[Page 191]]



Sec. 410.85  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
 
BOD5........................................         2.6           1.4
COD.........................................        15.2           9.8
TSS.........................................         4.9           2.2
Sulfide.....................................         0.046         0.023
Phenols.....................................         0.023         0.011
Total Chromium..............................         0.023         0.011
pH..........................................     (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
 
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.



Sec. 410.86  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.87  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



             Subpart I_Felted Fabric Processing Subcategory



Sec. 410.90  Applicability; description of the felted fabric processing
subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to process wastewater 
discharges resulting from facilities that primarily manufacture nonwoven 
products by employing fulling and felting operations as a means of 
achieving fiber bonding.



Sec. 410.91  Specialized definitions. [Reserved]



Sec. 410.92  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 

          currently available (BPT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best practicable control technology currently 
available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BPT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................         35.2          17.6
COD.........................................        256.8         128.4
TSS.........................................         55.4          27.7
Sulfide.....................................          0.44          0.22
Phenol......................................          0.22          0.11
Total chromium..............................          0.22          0.11
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.



Sec. 410.93  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best available technology economically 

          achievable (BAT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by 
the application of the best available technology economically achievable 
(BAT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    BAT limitations
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
COD.........................................        256.8         128.4
Sulfide.....................................          0.44          0.22
Phenols.....................................          0.22          0.11
Total Chromium..............................          0.22          0.11
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 192]]



Sec. 410.94  Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.95  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following 
new source performance standards (NSPS):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         NSPS
                                             ---------------------------
                                                             Average of
       Pollutant or pollutant property                      daily values
                                               Maximum for     for 30
                                                any 1 day    consecutive
                                                                days
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Kg/kkg (or pounds per
                                                 1,000 lb) of product
                                             ---------------------------
BOD5........................................         16.9           8.7
COD.........................................        179.3         115.5
TSS.........................................         50.9          22.7
Sulfide.....................................          0.44          0.22
Phenols.....................................          0.22          0.11
Total Chromium..............................          0.22          0.11
pH..........................................      (\1\)         (\1\)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0 at all times.
Note: Additional allocations for ``commission finishers'' are not
  available to new sources.



Sec. 410.96  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 410.97  Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT). [Reserved]



PART 411_CEMENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY--Table of Contents




                    Subpart A_Nonleaching Subcategory

Sec.
411.10 Applicability; description of the nonleaching subcategory.
411.11 Specialized definitions.
411.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
411.13 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
411.14 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
411.15 Standards of performance for new sources.
411.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
411.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.

                     Subpart B_Leaching Subcategory

411.20 Applicability; description of the leaching subcategory.
411.21 Specialized definitions.
411.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
411.23 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable.
411.24 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
411.25 Standards of performance for new sources.
411.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
411.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

          Subpart C_Materials Storage Piles Runoff Subcategory

411.30 Applicability; description of the materials storage piles runoff 
          subcategory.
411.31 Specialized definitions.
411.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available.
411.33 [Reserved]
411.34 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
411.35 Standards of performance for new sources.
411.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.
411.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of 
          effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology.


[[Page 193]]


    Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b) and (c), 306 (b) and (c), and 307(c) 
of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; 33 U.S.C. 1251, 
1311, 1314 (b) and (c), 1316 (b) and (c), and 1317(c); 86 Stat. 816 et 
seq., Pub. L., 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

    Source: 39 FR 6591, Feb. 20, 1974, unless otherwise noted.



                    Subpart A_Nonleaching Subcategory



Sec. 411.10  Applicability; description of the nonleaching subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which several mineral ingredients 
(limestone or other natural sources of calcium carbonate, silica, 
alumina, and iron together with gypsum) are used in the manufacturing of 
cement and in which kiln dust is not contracted with water as an 
integral part of the process and water is not used in wet scrubbers to 
control kiln stack emissions.



Sec. 411.11  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 411.12  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Metric units (kg/kkg of product)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.005.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                     product)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.005.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[39 FR 6591, Feb. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33950, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.13  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best available technology economically 
achievable.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[44 FR 50741, Aug. 29, 1979]



Sec. 411.14  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
Temperature (heat)........................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6440, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.15  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

[[Page 194]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Metric units (kg/kkg of product)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.005.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                     product)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.005.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 411.16  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.17  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Metric units (kg/kkg of product)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.005.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                     product)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.005.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[44 FR 50741, Aug. 29, 1979]



                     Subpart B_Leaching Subcategory



Sec. 411.20  Applicability; description of the leaching subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the process in which several mineral ingredients 
(limestone or other natural sources of calcium carbonate, silica, 
alumina, and iron together with gypsum) are used in the manufacturing of 
cement and in which kiln dust is contacted with water as an integral 
part of the process or water is used in wet scrubbers to control kiln 
stack emissions.



Sec. 411.21  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.



Sec. 411.22  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Metric units (kg/kkg of dust
                                                     leached)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.4.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                  dust leached)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.4.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[39 FR 6591, Feb. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.23  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology 

          economically achievable.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the

[[Page 195]]

best available technology economically achievable.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[44 FR 50741, Aug. 29, 1979]



Sec. 411.24  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
BOD5......................................   Do.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6440, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.25  Standards of performance for new sources.

    The following standards of performance establish the quantity or 
quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this 
section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Effluent limitations (maximum
        Effluent characteristic                  for any 1 day)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Metric units (kg/kkg of dust
                                                     leached)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.4.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
                                       ---------------------------------
                                          English units (lb/1,000 lb of
                                                  dust leached)
                                       ---------------------------------
TSS...................................  0.4.
Temperature (heat)....................  Not to exceed 3 [deg]C rise
                                         above inlet temperature.
pH....................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Sec. 411.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.27  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the conventional pollutant control 

          technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified 
for conventional pollutants (which are defined in Sec. 401.16) in Sec. 
411.22 of this subpart for the best practicable control techology 
currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24999, July 9, 1986]



          Subpart C_Materials Storage Piles Runoff Subcategory



Sec. 411.30  Applicability; description of the materials storage
piles runoff subcategory.

    The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges 
resulting from the runoff of rainfall which derives from the storage of 
materials including raw materials, intermediate products, finished 
products and waste materials which are used in or derived from the 
manufacture of cement under either Subcategory--A or B.



Sec. 411.31  Specialized definitions.

    For the purpose of this subpart:
    (a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations 
and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this 
subpart.
    (b) The term 10 year, 24 hour rainfall event shall mean a rainfall 
event with a probable recurrence interval of once in ten years as 
defined by the National Weather Service in Technical Paper No. 40, 
``Rainfall Frequency Atlas of

[[Page 196]]

the United States,'' May 1961, and subsequent amendments, or equivalent 
regional or state rainfall probability information developed therefrom.



Sec. 411.32  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control 

          technology currently available.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. Sec. 125.30 through 125.32, and 
subject to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following 
effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction 
attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology 
currently available (BPT):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSS.......................................  Not to exceed 50 mg/l.
pH........................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Any untreated overflow from facilities designed, constructed and 
operated to treat the volume of runoff from materials storage piles 
which is associated with a 10-year, 24-hour rainfall event shall not be 
subject to the pH and TSS limitations stipulated in paragraph (a) of 
this section.

[39 FR 6591, Feb. 20, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.33  [Reserved]



Sec. 411.34  Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard 
establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant 
properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a 
publicly owned treatment works by a point source subject to the 
provisions of this subpart.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pollutant or pollutant property           Pretreatment standard
------------------------------------------------------------------------
pH........................................  No limitation.
TSS.......................................   Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[40 FR 6440, Feb. 11, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.35  Standards of performance for new sources.

    (a) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section the 
following standards of performance establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a new source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSS.......................................  Not to exceed 50 mg/l.
pH........................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Any overflow from facilities designed, constructed and operated 
to treat to the applicable limitations the precipitation and runoff 
resulting from a 10-year, 24-hour precipitation event shall not be 
subject to the limitations of this section.

[42 FR 10681, Feb. 23, 1977]



Sec. 411.36  Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process 
wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply 
with 40 CFR part 403.

[60 FR 33951, June 29, 1995]



Sec. 411.37  Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent
reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant 

          control technology.

    The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of 
pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which 
may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this 
subpart after application of the best conventional pollutant control 
technology.
    (a) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section, the 
following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or 
pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be 
discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart 
after application of the best conventional pollutant control technology.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Effluent characteristic               Effluent limitations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSS.......................................  Not to exceed 50 mg/l.

[[Page 197]]

 
pH........................................  Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Any untreated overflow from facilities designed, constructed and 
operated to treat the volume of runoff from materials storage piles 
which results from a 10-year, 24-hour rainfall event shall not be 
subject to the pH and TSS limitations stipulated in paragraph (a) of 
this section.

[39 FR 6591, Feb. 20, 1974. Redesignated and amended at 44 FR 50741, 
Aug. 29, 1979]



PART 412_CONCENTRATED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATIONS (CAFO) POINT SOURCE
CATEGORY--Table of Contents




Sec.
412.1 General applicability.
412.2 General definitions.
412.3 General pretreatment standards.
412.4 Best management practices (BMPs) for land application of manure, 
          litter, and process wastewater.

                       Subpart A_Horses and Sheep

412.10 Applicability.
412.11 [Reserved]
412.12 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
412.13 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable (BAT).
412.14 [Reserved]
412.15 New source performance standards (NSPS).

                             Subpart B_Ducks

412.20 Applicability.
412.21 Special definitions.
412.22 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
412.23-412.24 [Reserved]
412.25 New source performance standards (NSPS).
412.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

         Subpart C_Dairy Cows and Cattle Other Than Veal Calves

412.30 Applicability.
412.31 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
412.32 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).
412.33 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable (BAT).
412.34 [Reserved]
412.35 New source performance standards (NSPS).
412.36 [Reserved]
412.37 Additional measures.

                Subpart D_Swine, Poultry, and Veal Calves

412.40 Applicability.
412.41-412.42 [Reserved]
412.43 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
412.44 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          conventional pollutant control technology for (BCT).
412.45 Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best 
          available technology economically achievable (BAT).
412.46 New source performance standards (NSPS).
412.47 Additional measures.

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314, 1316, 1317, 1318, 1342, 1361.

    Source: 68 FR 7269, Feb. 12, 2003, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 412.1  General applicability.

    This part applies to manure, litter, and/or process wastewater 
discharges resulting from concentrated animal feeding operations 
(CAFOs). Manufacturing and/or agricultural activities which may be 
subject to this part are generally reported under one or more of the 
following Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes: SIC 0211, SIC 
0213, SIC 0214, SIC 0241, SIC 0251, SIC 0252, SIC 0253, SIC 0254, SIC 
0259, or SIC 0272 (1987 SIC Manual).



Sec. 412.2  General definitions.

    As used in this part:
    (a) The general definitions and abbreviations at 40 CFR part 401 
apply.
    (b) Animal Feeding Operation (AFO) and Concentrated Animal Feeding 
Operation (CAFO) are defined at 40 CFR 122.23.
    (c) Fecal coliform means the bacterial count (Parameter 1) at 40 CFR 
136.3 in

[[Page 198]]

Table 1A, which also cites the approved methods of analysis.
    (d) Process wastewater means water directly or indirectly used in 
the operation of the CAFO for any or all of the following: spillage or 
overflow from animal or poultry watering systems; washing, cleaning, or 
flushing pens, barns, manure pits, or other CAFO facilities; direct 
contact swimming, washing, or spray cooling of animals; or dust control. 
Process wastewater also includes any water which comes into contact with 
any raw materials, products, or byproducts including manure, litter, 
feed, milk, eggs, or bedding.
    (e) Land application area means land under the control of an AFO 
owner or operator, whether it is owned, rented, or leased, to which 
manure, litter, or process wastewater from the production area is or may 
be applied.
    (f) New source is defined at 40 CFR 122.2. New source criteria are 
defined at 40 CFR 122.29(b).
    (g) Overflow means the discharge of manure or process wastewater 
resulting from the filling of wastewater or manure storage structures 
beyond the point at which no more manure, process wastewater, or storm 
water can be contained by the structure.
    (h) Production area means that part of an AFO that includes the 
animal confinement area, the manure storage area, the raw materials 
storage area, and the waste containment areas. The animal confinement 
area includes but is not limited to open lots, housed lots, feedlots, 
confinement houses, stall barns, free stall barns, milkrooms, milking 
centers, cowyards, barnyards, medication pens, walkers, animal walkways, 
and stables. The manure storage area includes but is not limited to 
lagoons, runoff ponds, storage sheds, stockpiles, under house or pit 
storages, liquid impoundments, static piles, and composting piles. The 
raw materials storage area includes but is not limited to feed silos, 
silage bunkers, and bedding materials. The waste containment area 
includes but is not limited to settling basins, and areas within berms 
and diversions which separate uncontaminated storm water. Also included 
in the definition of production area is any egg washing or egg 
processing facility, and any area used in the storage, handling, 
treatment, or disposal of mortalities.
    (i) Ten (10)-year, 24-hour rainfall event, 25-year, 24-hour rainfall 
event, and 100-year, 24-hour rainfall event mean precipitation events 
with a probable recurrence interval of once in ten years, or twenty five 
years, or one hundred years, respectively, as defined by the National 
Weather Service in Technical Paper No. 40, ``Rainfall Frequency Atlas of 
the United States,'' May, 1961, or equivalent regional or State rainfall 
probability information developed from this source.
    (j) Analytical methods. The parameters that are regulated or 
referenced in this part and listed with approved methods of analysis in 
Table 1B at 40 CFR 136.3 are defined as follows:
    (1) Ammonia (as N) means ammonia reported as nitrogen.
    (2) BOD5 means 5-day biochemical oxygen demand.
    (3) Nitrate (as N) means nitrate reported as nitrogen.
    (4) Total dissolved solids means nonfilterable residue.
    (k) The parameters that are regulated or referenced in this part and 
listed with approved methods of analysis in Table 1A at 40 CFR 136.3 are 
defined as follows:
    (1) Fecal coliform means fecal coliform bacteria.
    (2) Total coliform means all coliform bacteria.



Sec. 412.3  General pretreatment standards.

    Any source subject to this part that introduces process wastewater 
pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works (POTW) must comply with 
40 CFR part 403.



Sec. 412.4  Best management practices (BMPs) for land application of manure,
litter, and process wastewater.

    (a) Applicability. This section applies to any CAFO subject to 
subpart C of this part (Dairy and Beef Cattle other than Veal Calves) or 
subpart D of this part (Swine, Poultry, and Veal Calves).
    (b) Specialized definitions. (1) Setback means a specified distance 
from surface waters or potential conduits to surface

[[Page 199]]

waters where manure, litter, and process wastewater may not be land 
applied. Examples of conduits to surface waters include but are not 
limited to: Open tile line intake structures, sinkholes, and 
agricultural well heads.
    (2) Vegetated buffer means a narrow, permanent strip of dense 
perennial vegetation established parallel to the contours of and 
perpendicular to the dominant slope of the field for the purposes of 
slowing water runoff, enhancing water infiltration, and minimizing the 
risk of any potential nutrients or pollutants from leaving the field and 
reaching surface waters.
    (3) Multi-year phosphorus application means phosphorus applied to a 
field in excess of the crop needs for that year. In multi-year 
phosphorus applications, no additional manure, litter, or process 
wastewater is applied to the same land in subsequent years until the 
applied phosphorus has been removed from the field via harvest and crop 
removal.
    (c) Requirement to develop and implement best management practices. 
Each CAFO subject to this section that land applies manure, litter, or 
process wastewater, must do so in accordance with the following 
practices:
    (1) Nutrient Management Plan. The CAFO must develop and implement a 
nutrient management plan that incorporates the requirements of 
paragraphs (c)(2) through (c)(5) of this section based on a field-
specific assessment of the potential for nitrogen and phosphorus 
transport from the field and that addresses the form, source, amount, 
timing, and method of application of nutrients on each field to achieve 
realistic production goals, while minimizing nitrogen and phosphorus 
movement to surface waters.
    (2) Determination of application rates. Application rates for 
manure, litter, and other process wastewater applied to land under the 
ownership or operational control of the CAFO must minimize phosphorus 
and nitrogen transport from the field to surface waters in compliance 
with the technical standards for nutrient management established by the 
Director. Such technical standards for nutrient management shall:
    (i) Include a field-specific assessment of the potential for 
nitrogen and phosphorus transport from the field to surface waters, and 
address the form, source, amount, timing, and method of application of 
nutrients on each field to achieve realistic production goals, while 
minimizing nitrogen and phosphorus movement to surface waters; and
    (ii) Include appropriate flexibilities for any CAFO to implement 
nutrient management practices to comply with the technical standards, 
including consideration of multi-year phosphorus application on fields 
that do not have a high potential for phosphorus runoff to surface 
water, phased implementation of phosphorus-based nutrient management, 
and other components, as determined appropriate by the Director.
    (3) Manure and soil sampling. Manure must be analyzed a minimum of 
once annually for nitrogen and phosphorus content, and soil analyzed a 
minimum of once every five years for phosphorus content. The results of 
these analyses are to be used in determining application rates for 
manure, litter, and other process wastewater.
    (4) Inspect land application equipment for leaks. The operator must 
periodically inspect equipment used for land application of manure, 
litter, or process wastewater.
    (5) Setback requirements. Unless the CAFO exercises one of the 
compliance alternatives provided for in paragraph (c)(5)(i) or 
(c)(5)(ii) of this section, manure, litter, and process wastewater may 
not be applied closer than 100 feet to any down-gradient surface waters, 
open tile line intake structures, sinkholes, agricultural well heads, or 
other conduits to surface waters.
    (i) Vegetated buffer compliance alternative. As a compliance 
alternative, the CAFO may substitute the 100-foot setback with a 35-foot 
wide vegetated buffer where applications of manure, litter, or process 
wastewater are prohibited.
    (ii) Alternative practices compliance alternative. As a compliance 
alternative, the CAFO may demonstrate that a setback or buffer is not 
necessary because implementation of alternative conservation practices 
or field-specific conditions will provide pollutant reductions 
equivalent or better than the

[[Page 200]]

reductions that would be achieved by the 100-foot setback.



                       Subpart A_Horses and Sheep



Sec. 412.10  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to discharges resulting from the production 
areas at horse and sheep CAFOs. This subpart does not apply to such 
CAFOs with less than the following capacities: 10,000 sheep or 500 
horses.



Sec. 412.11  [Reserved]



Sec. 412.12  Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the
best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, and subject 
to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section, any existing point 
source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the application of BPT: There shall be no 
discharge of process waste water pollutants to navigable waters.
    (b) Process waste pollutants in the overflow may be discharged to 
navigable waters whenever rainfall events, either chronic or 
catastrophic, cause an overflow of process waste water from a facility 
designed, constructed and operated to contain all process generated 
waste waters plus the runoff from a 10-year, 24-hour rainfall event for 
the location of the point source.



Sec. 412.13  Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best
available technology economically achievable (BAT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32 and when the 
provisions of paragraph (b) of this section apply, any existing point 
source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the application of BAT: There shall be no 
discharge of process waste water pollutants into U.S. waters.
    (b) Whenever rainfall events cause an overflow of process wastewater 
from a facility designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to 
contain all process-generated wastewaters plus the runoff from a 25-
year, 24-hour rainfall event at the location of the point source, any 
process wastewater pollutants in the overflow may be discharged into 
U.S. waters.



Sec. 412.14  [Reserved]



Sec. 412.15  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, any new 
source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance 
standards: There must be no discharge of process wastewater pollutants 
into U.S. waters.
    (b) Whenever rainfall events cause an overflow of process wastewater 
from a facility designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to 
contain all process-generated wastewaters plus the runoff from a 25-
year, 24-hour rainfall event at the location of the point source, any 
process wastewater pollutants in the overflow may be discharged into 
U.S. waters.



                             Subpart B_Ducks



Sec. 412.20  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to discharges resulting from the production 
areas at dry lot and wet lot duck CAFOs. This subpart does not apply to 
such CAFOs with less than the following capacities: 5,000 ducks.



Sec. 412.21  Special definitions.

    For the purposes of this subpart:
    (a) Dry lot means a facility for growing ducks in confinement with a 
dry litter floor cover and no access to swimming areas.
    (b) Wet lot means a confinement facility for raising ducks which is 
open to the environment, has a small number of sheltered areas, and with 
open water runs and swimming areas to which ducks have free access.



Sec. 412.22  Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the 
best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart shall

[[Page 201]]

achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of 
effluent reduction attainable by the application of the (BPT):

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      Maximum                         Maximum
               Regulated parameter                 Maximum daily      monthly      Maximum daily      monthly
                                                        \1\         average \1\         \2\         average \2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOD5............................................           3.66             2.0            1.66            0.91
Fecal coliform..................................          (\3\)           (\3\)           (\3\)          (\3\)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Pounds per 1000 ducks.
\2\ Kilograms per 1000 ducks.
\3\ Not to exceed MPN of 400 per 100 ml at any time.

    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. Sec. 412.23-412.24  [Reserved]



Sec. 412.25  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, any new 
source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance 
standards: There must be no discharge of process waste water pollutants 
into U.S. waters.
    (b) Whenever rainfall events cause an overflow of process wastewater 
from a facility designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to 
contain all process-generated wastewaters plus the runoff from a 25-
year, 24-hour rainfall event at the location of the point source, any 
process wastewater pollutants in the overflow may be discharged into 
U.S. waters.



Sec. 412.26  Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    (a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and in paragraph (b) of this 
section, any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the 
following performance standards: There must be no introduction of 
process waste water pollutants to a POTW.
    (b) Whenever rainfall events cause an overflow of process wastewater 
from a facility designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to 
contain all process-generated wastewaters plus the runoff from a 25-
year, 24-hour rainfall event at the location of the point source, any 
process wastewater pollutants in the overflow may be introduced to a 
POTW.



         Subpart C_Dairy Cows and Cattle Other Than Veal Calves



Sec. 412.30  Applicability.

    This subpart applies to operations defined as concentrated animal 
feeding operations (CAFOs) under 40 CFR 122.23 and includes the 
following animals: mature dairy cows, either milking or dry; cattle 
other than mature dairy cows or veal calves. Cattle other than mature 
dairy cows includes but is not limited to heifers, steers, and bulls. 
This subpart does not apply to such CAFOs with less than the following 
capacities: 700 mature dairy cows whether milked or dry; 1,000 cattle 
other than mature dairy cows or veal calves.



Sec. 412.31  Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the
best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the application of BPT:
    (a) For CAFO production areas. Except as provided in paragraphs 
(a)(1) through (a)(2) of this section, there must be no discharge of 
manure, litter, or process wastewater pollutants into waters of the U.S. 
from the production area.
    (1) Whenever precipitation causes an overflow of manure, litter, or 
process wastewater, pollutants in the overflow may be discharged into 
U.S. waters provided:
    (i) The production area is designed, constructed, operated and 
maintained to contain all manure, litter, and process wastewater 
including the runoff and the direct precipitation from a 25-year, 24-
hour rainfall event;

[[Page 202]]

    (ii) The production area is operated in accordance with the 
additional measures and records required by Sec. 412.37(a) and (b).
    (2) Voluntary alternative performance standards. Any CAFO subject to 
this subpart may request the Director to establish NPDES permit effluent 
limitations based upon site-specific alternative technologies that 
achieve a quantity of pollutants discharged from the production area 
equal to or less than the quantity of pollutants that would be 
discharged under the baseline performance standards as provided by 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
    (i) Supporting information. In requesting site-specific effluent 
limitations to be included in the NPDES permit, the CAFO owner or 
operator must submit a supporting technical analysis and any other 
relevant information and data that would support such site-specific 
effluent limitations within the time frame provided by the Director. The 
supporting technical analysis must include calculation of the quantity 
of pollutants discharged, on a mass basis where appropriate, based on a 
site-specific analysis of a system designed, constructed, operated, and 
maintained to contain all manure, litter, and process wastewater, 
including the runoff from a 25-year, 24-hour rainfall event. The 
technical analysis of the discharge of pollutants must include:
    (A) All daily inputs to the storage system, including manure, 
litter, all process waste waters, direct precipitation, and runoff.
    (B) All daily outputs from the storage system, including losses due 
to evaporation, sludge removal, and the removal of waste water for use 
on cropland at the CAFO or transport off site.
    (C) A calculation determining the predicted median annual overflow 
volume based on a 25-year period of actual rainfall data applicable to 
the site.
    (D) Site-specific pollutant data, including N, P, BOD5, 
TSS, for the CAFO from representative sampling and analysis of all 
sources of input to the storage system, or other appropriate pollutant 
data.
    (E) Predicted annual average discharge of pollutants, expressed 
where appropriate as a mass discharge on a daily basis (lbs/day), and 
calculated considering paragraphs (a)(2)(i)(A) through (a)(2)(i)(D) of 
this section.
    (ii) The Director has the discretion to request additional 
information to supplement the supporting technical analysis, including 
inspection of the CAFO.
    (3) The CAFO shall attain the limitations and requirements of this 
paragraph as of the date of permit coverage.
    (b) For CAFO land application areas. Discharges from land 
application areas are subject to the following requirements:
    (1) Develop and implement the best management practices specified in 
Sec. 412.4;
    (2) Maintain the records specified at Sec. 412.37 (c);
    (3) The CAFO shall attain the limitations and requirements of this 
paragraph by February 27, 2009.

[68 FR 7269, Feb. 12, 2003, as amended at 71 FR 6984, Feb. 10, 2006; 72 
FR 40250, July 24, 2007]



Sec. 412.32  Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the
best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the application of BCT:
    (a) For CAFO production areas: the CAFO shall attain the same 
limitations and requirements as Sec. 412.31(a).
    (b) For CAFO land application areas: the CAFO shall attain the same 
limitations and requirements as Sec. 412.31(b).



Sec. 412.33  Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the 
best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

    Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing 
point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent 
limitations representing the application of BAT:
    (a) For CAFO production areas: the CAFO shall attain the same 
limitations and requirements as Sec. 412.31(a).
    (b) For CAFO land application areas: the CAFO shall attain the same 
limitations and requirements as Sec. 412.31(b).

[[Page 203]]



Sec. 412.34  [Reserved]



Sec. 412.35  New source performance standards (NSPS).

    Any new point source subject to this subpart must achieve the 
following effluent limitations representing the application of NSPS:
    (a) For CAFO production areas. The CAFO shall attain the same 
limitations and requirements as Sec. 412.31(a)(1) and Sec. 
412.31(a)(2).
    (b) For CAFO land application areas: The CAFO shall attain the same 
limitations and requirements as Sec. 412.31(b)(1) and Sec. 
412.31(b)(2).
    (c) The CAFO shall attain the limitations and requirements of this 
paragraph as of the date of permit coverage.
    (d) Any source subject to this subpart that commenced discharging 
after April 14, 1993, and prior to April 14, 2003, which was a new 
source subject to the standards specified in Sec. 412.15, revised as of 
July 1, 2002, must continue to achieve those standards for the 
applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1). Thereafter, the 
source must achieve the standards specified in Sec. 412.31(a) and (b).



Sec. 412.36  [Reserved]



Sec. 412.37  Additional measures.

    (a) Each CAFO subject to this subpart must implement the following 
requirements:
    (1) Visual inspections. There must be routine visual inspections of 
the CAFO production area. At a minimum, the following must be visually 
inspected:
    (i) Weekly inspections of all storm water diversion devices, runoff 
diversion structures, and devices channelling contaminated storm water 
to the wastewater and manure storage and containment structure;
    (ii) Daily inspection of water lines, including drinking water or 
cooling water lines;
    (iii) Weekly inspections of the manure, litter, and process 
wastewater impoundments; the inspection will note the level in liquid 
impoundments as indicated by the depth marker in paragraph (a)(2) of 
this section.
    (2) Depth marker. All open surface liquid impoundments must have a 
depth marker which clearly indicates the minimum capacity necessary to 
contain the runoff and direct precipitation of the 25-year, 24-hour 
rainfall event. In the case of new sources subject to effluent 
limitations established pursuant to Sec. 412.46(a)(1) of this part, all 
open surface manure storage structures associated with such sources must 
include a depth marker which clearly indicates the minimum capacity 
necessary to contain the maximum runoff and direct precipitation 
associated with the design storm used in sizing the impoundment for no 
discharge.
    (3) Corrective actions. Any deficiencies found as a result of these 
inspections must be corrected as soon as possible.
    (4) Mortality handling. Mortalities must not be disposed of in any 
liquid manure or process wastewater system, and must be handled in such 
a way as to prevent the discharge of pollutants to surface water, unless 
alternative technologies pursuant to Sec. 412.31(a)(2) and approved by 
the Director are designed to handle mortalities.
    (b) Record keeping requirements for the production area. Each CAFO 
must maintain on-site for a period of five years from the date they are 
created a complete copy of the information required by 40 CFR 
122.21(i)(1) and 40 CFR 122.42(e)(1)(ix) and the records specified in 
paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(6) of this section. The CAFO must make 
these records available to the Director and, in an authorized State, the 
Regional Administrator, or his or her designee, for review upon request.
    (1) Records documenting the inspections required under paragraph 
(a)(1) of this section;
    (2) Weekly records of the depth of the manure and process wastewater 
in the liquid impoundment as indicated by the depth marker under 
paragraph (a)(2) of this section;
    (3) Records documenting any actions taken to correct deficiencies 
required under paragraph (a)(3) of this section. Deficiencies not 
corrected within 30 days must be accompanied by an explanation of the 
factors preventing immediate correction;
    (4) Records of mortalities management and practices us