[House Prints, 110th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



=======================================================================


                 [House Appropriations Committee Print]

                 Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008

                    (H.R. 2764; Public Law 110-161)


 
   DIVISION J--DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED 
                   PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2008

=======================================================================

                          CONTENTS, DIVISION J

                                                                   Page
Legislative Text:
    Title I--Department of State and Related Agencies............  2044
    Title II--Export and Investment Assistance...................  2056
    Title III--Bilateral Economic Assistance.....................  2058
    Title IV--Military Assistance................................  2076
    Title V--Multilateral Economic Assistance....................  2079
    Title VI--General Provisions.................................  2080
Explanatory Statement:
    Title I--Department of State and Related Agencies............  2146
    Title II--Export and Investment Assistance...................  2163
    Title III--Bilateral Economic Assistance.....................  2164
    Title IV--Military Assistance................................  2188
    Title V--Multilateral Economic Assistance....................  2190
    Title VI--General Provisions.................................  2192
    Earmark Disclosure...........................................  2211
    [Clerk's note: Six sections which precede division A in the 
Consolidated Appropriations Act apply to all divisions of the 
Act, including this one. The text of these sections is as 
follows:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Consolidated Appropriations 
Act, 2008''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    [Text omitted for purposes of this note]

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

    Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to 
``this Act'' contained in any division of this Act shall be 
treated as referring only to the provisions of that division.

SEC. 4. EXPLANATORY STATEMENT.

    The explanatory statement regarding the consolidated 
appropriations amendment of the House of Representatives to the 
amendment of the Senate to H.R. 2764, printed in the House 
section of the Congressional Record on or about December 17, 
2007 by the Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations of the 
House, shall have the same effect with respect to the 
allocation of funds and implementation of divisions A through K 
of this Act as if it were a joint explanatory statement of a 
committee of conference.

SEC. 5. EMERGENCY DESIGNATIONS.

    Any designation in any division of this Act referring to 
this section is a designation of an amount as an emergency 
requirement and necessary to meet emergency needs pursuant to 
subsections (a) and (b) of section 204 of S. Con. Res. 21 
(110th Congress), the concurrent resolution on the budget for 
fiscal year 2008.

SEC. 6. STATEMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    The following sums in this Act are appropriated, out of any 
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2008.
    Reproduced below is the text of division J of the 
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 (H.R. 2764; P.L. 110-161) 
as presented to the President for signature.]

                      Legislative Text, Division J

   DIVISION J--DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED 
                   PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2008


                                TITLE I


                DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES


                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE


                   Administration of Foreign Affairs


                    DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For necessary expenses of the Department of State and the 
Foreign Service not otherwise provided for, including 
employment, without regard to civil service and classification 
laws, of persons on a temporary basis (not to exceed $700,000 
of this appropriation), as authorized by section 801 of the 
United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948; 
representation to certain international organizations in which 
the United States participates pursuant to treaties ratified 
pursuant to the advice and consent of the Senate or specific 
Acts of Congress; arms control, nonproliferation and 
disarmament activities as authorized; acquisition by exchange 
or purchase of passenger motor vehicles as authorized by law; 
and for expenses of general administration, $4,385,042,000: 
Provided, That of the amount provided by this paragraph, 
$575,000,000 is designated as described in section 5 (in the 
matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act): Provided 
further, That of the amount made available under this heading, 
not to exceed $10,000,000 may be transferred to, and merged 
with, ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service'', 
to be available only for emergency evacuations and terrorism 
rewards: Provided further, That of the amount made available 
under this heading, not less than $360,905,000 shall be 
available only for public diplomacy international information 
programs: Provided further, That of the funds made available 
under this heading, $5,000,000 shall be made available for a 
demonstration program to expand access to consular services: 
Provided further, That of the amount appropriated under this 
heading, $2,000,000 shall be available for the Secretary to 
establish and operate a public/private interagency public 
diplomacy center which shall serve as a program integration and 
coordination entity for United States public diplomacy 
programs: Provided further, That of the amounts appropriated 
under this heading, $4,000,000, to remain available until 
expended, shall be for compensation to the families of members 
of the Foreign Service or other United States Government 
employees or their dependents, who were killed in terrorist 
attacks since 1979:  Provided further, That none of the funds 
made available for compensation in the previous proviso may be 
obligated without specific authorization in a subsequent Act of 
Congress: Provided further, That during fiscal year 2008, 
foreign service annuitants may be employed, notwithstanding 
section 316.401 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, 
pursuant to waivers under section 824(g)(1)(C)(ii) of the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4064(g)(1)(C)(ii)): 
Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this 
heading, $5,000,000 shall be made available for the 
Ambassador's Fund for Cultural Preservation: Provided further, 
That of the funds appropriated under this heading, $500,000 may 
not be available for obligation until the Secretary of State 
submits a report to the Committees on Appropriations outlining 
a plan to increase the capacity of United States Embassy Moscow 
to monitor human rights and Russian laws relating to the press 
and civil society groups, and consults with the Committees on 
Appropriations concerning such plan: Provided further, That the 
Secretary may transfer to and merge with ``Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service'' for rewards payments 
unobligated balances of funds appropriated under ``Diplomatic 
and Consular Programs'' for this fiscal year and for each 
fiscal year hereafter, at no later than the end of the fifth 
fiscal year after the fiscal year for which any such funds were 
appropriated or otherwise made available: Provided further, 
That funds available under this heading may be available for a 
United States Government interagency task force to examine, 
coordinate and oversee United States participation in the 
United Nations headquarters renovation project: Provided 
further, That no funds may be obligated or expended for 
processing licenses for the export of satellites of United 
States origin (including commercial satellites and satellite 
components) to the People's Republic of China unless, at least 
15 days in advance, the Committees on Appropriations are 
notified of such proposed action: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated under this heading are available, pursuant to 31 
U.S.C. 1108(g), for the field examination of programs and 
activities in the United States funded from any account 
contained in this title.
  In addition, not to exceed $1,558,390 shall be derived from 
fees collected from other executive agencies for lease or use 
of facilities located at the International Center in accordance 
with section 4 of the International Center Act; in addition, as 
authorized by section 5 of such Act, $490,000, to be derived 
from the reserve authorized by that section, to be used for the 
purposes set out in that section; in addition, as authorized by 
section 810 of the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act, not to exceed $6,000,000, to remain available 
until expended, may be credited to this appropriation from fees 
or other payments received from English teaching, library, 
motion pictures, and publication programs and from fees from 
educational advising and counseling and exchange visitor 
programs; and, in addition, not to exceed $15,000, which shall 
be derived from reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for use of 
Blair House facilities.
  In addition, for the costs of worldwide security protection, 
$974,760,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, 
That of the amount provided by this paragraph, $206,632,000 is 
designated as described in section 5 (in the matter preceding 
division A of this consolidated Act).

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

  For necessary expenses of the Capital Investment Fund, 
$60,062,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized: 
Provided, That section 135(e) of Public Law 103-236 shall not 
apply to funds available under this heading.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

  For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, 
$34,008,000, notwithstanding section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465), as it relates to post 
inspections.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

  For expenses of educational and cultural exchange programs, 
as authorized, $505,441,000, to remain available until 
expended: Provided, That not to exceed $5,000,000, to remain 
available until expended, may be credited to this appropriation 
from fees or other payments received from or in connection with 
English teaching, educational advising and counseling programs, 
and exchange visitor programs as authorized.

                       REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES

  For representation allowances as authorized, $8,175,000.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

  For expenses, not otherwise provided, to enable the Secretary 
of State to provide for extraordinary protective services, as 
authorized, $23,000,000, to remain available until September 
30, 2009.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

  For necessary expenses for carrying out the Foreign Service 
Buildings Act of 1926 (22 U.S.C. 292-303), preserving, 
maintaining, repairing, and planning for buildings that are 
owned or directly leased by the Department of State, 
renovating, in addition to funds otherwise available, the Harry 
S Truman Building, and carrying out the Diplomatic Security 
Construction Program as authorized, $761,216,000, to remain 
available until expended as authorized, of which not to exceed 
$25,000 may be used for domestic and overseas representation as 
authorized: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated in 
this paragraph shall be available for acquisition of furniture, 
furnishings, or generators for other departments and agencies.
  In addition, for the costs of worldwide security upgrades, 
acquisition, and construction as authorized, $676,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.

           EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For expenses necessary to enable the Secretary of State to 
meet unforeseen emergencies arising in the Diplomatic and 
Consular Service, $9,000,000, to remain available until 
expended as authorized, of which not to exceed $1,000,000 may 
be transferred to and merged with the ``Repatriation Loans 
Program Account'', subject to the same terms and conditions.

                   REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For the cost of direct loans, $678,000, as authorized: 
Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such 
loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974.
  In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry 
out the direct loan program, $607,000, which may be transferred 
to and merged with ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs''.

              PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

  For necessary expenses to carry out the Taiwan Relations Act 
(Public Law 96-8), $16,351,000.

     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

  For payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability 
Fund, as authorized by law, $158,900,000.

                      International Organizations


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

  For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to meet 
annual obligations of membership in international multilateral 
organizations, pursuant to treaties ratified pursuant to the 
advice and consent of the Senate, conventions or specific Acts 
of Congress, $1,354,400,000: Provided, That the Secretary of 
State shall, at the time of the submission of the President's 
budget to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, transmit to the Committees on Appropriations the 
most recent biennial budget prepared by the United Nations for 
the operations of the United Nations: Provided further, That 
the Secretary of State shall notify the Committees on 
Appropriations at least 15 days in advance (or in an emergency, 
as far in advance as is practicable) of any United Nations 
action to increase funding for any United Nations program 
without identifying an offsetting decrease elsewhere in the 
United Nations budget and cause the United Nations budget for 
the biennium 2008-2009 to exceed the revised United Nations 
budget level for the biennium 2006-2007 of $4,173,895,900: 
Provided further, That any payment of arrearages under this 
title shall be directed toward activities that are mutually 
agreed upon by the United States and the respective 
international organization: Provided further, That none of the 
funds appropriated in this paragraph shall be available for a 
United States contribution to an international organization for 
the United States share of interest costs made known to the 
United States Government by such organization for loans 
incurred on or after October 1, 1984, through external 
borrowings.

        CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

  For necessary expenses to pay assessed and other expenses of 
international peacekeeping activities directed to the 
maintenance or restoration of international peace and security, 
$1,700,500,000, of which 15 percent shall remain available 
until September 30, 2009: Provided, That none of the funds made 
available under this Act shall be obligated or expended for any 
new or expanded United Nations peacekeeping mission unless, at 
least 15 days in advance of voting for the new or expanded 
mission in the United Nations Security Council (or in an 
emergency as far in advance as is practicable): (1) the 
Committees on Appropriations and other appropriate committees 
of the Congress are notified of the estimated cost and length 
of the mission, the national interest that will be served, and 
the planned exit strategy; (2) the Committees on Appropriations 
and other appropriate committees of the Congress are notified 
that the United Nations has taken appropriate measures to 
prevent United Nations employees, contractor personnel, and 
peacekeeping forces serving in any United Nations peacekeeping 
mission from trafficking in persons, exploiting victims of 
trafficking, or committing acts of illegal sexual exploitation, 
and to hold accountable individuals who engage in such acts 
while participating in the peacekeeping mission, including the 
prosecution in their home countries of such individuals in 
connection with such acts; and (3) a reprogramming of funds 
pursuant to section 615 of this Act is submitted, and the 
procedures therein followed, setting forth the source of funds 
that will be used to pay for the cost of the new or expanded 
mission: Provided further, That funds shall be available for 
peacekeeping expenses only upon a certification by the 
Secretary of State to the Committees on Appropriations that 
American manufacturers and suppliers are being given 
opportunities to provide equipment, services, and material for 
United Nations peacekeeping activities equal to those being 
given to foreign manufacturers and suppliers: Provided further, 
That of the amount provided by this paragraph, $468,000,000 is 
designated as described in section 5 (in the matter preceding 
division A of this consolidated Act).

                       International Commissions

  For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for, to meet 
obligations of the United States arising under treaties, or 
specific Acts of Congress, as follows:

 international boundary and water commission, united states and mexico

  For necessary expenses for the United States Section of the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and 
Mexico, and to comply with laws applicable to the United States 
Section, including not to exceed $6,000 for representation; as 
follows:

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For salaries and expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
$30,430,000.

                              CONSTRUCTION

  For detailed plan preparation and construction of authorized 
projects, $88,425,000, to remain available until expended, as 
authorized.

              AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

  For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided, for the 
International Joint Commission and the International Boundary 
Commission, United States and Canada, as authorized by treaties 
between the United States and Canada or Great Britain, and for 
the Border Environment Cooperation Commission as authorized by 
Public Law 103-182, $10,940,000: Provided, That of the amount 
provided under this heading for the International Joint 
Commission, $9,000 may be made available for representation 
expenses 45 days after submission to the Committees on 
Appropriations of a report detailing obligations, expenditures, 
and associated activities for fiscal years 2005, 2006, and 
2007, including any unobligated funds which expired at the end 
of each fiscal year and the justification for why such funds 
were not obligated.
  Of the funds made available in the Science, State, Justice, 
Commerce, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006, Public 
Law 109-108, as continued by the Continuing Appropriations 
Resolution, 2007 (division B of Public Law 109-289, as amended 
by Public Law 110-5), for the International Joint Commission 
(119 Stat. 2323), $300,000 for the Lake Champlain Basin Program 
shall remain available for the purposes intended until 
September 30, 2009.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

  For necessary expenses for international fisheries 
commissions, not otherwise provided for, as authorized by law, 
$26,527,000: Provided, That the United States share of such 
expenses may be advanced to the respective commissions pursuant 
to 31 U.S.C. 3324: Provided further, That funds appropriated 
under this heading shall be available for programs in the 
amounts contained in the table included in the explanatory 
statement described in section 4 (in the matter preceding 
division A of this consolidated Act) accompanying this Act and 
no proposal for deviation from those amounts shall be 
considered.

                                 Other


                     PAYMENT TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION

  For a grant to the Asia Foundation, as authorized by the Asia 
Foundation Act (22 U.S.C. 4402), $15,500,000, to remain 
available until expended, as authorized.

         CENTER FOR MIDDLE EASTERN-WESTERN DIALOGUE TRUST FUND

  For necessary expenses of the Center for Middle Eastern-
Western Dialogue Trust Fund, the total amount of the interest 
and earnings accruing to such Fund on or before September 30, 
2008, to remain available until expended.

                 EISENHOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

  For necessary expenses of Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, 
Incorporated, as authorized by sections 4 and 5 of the 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (20 U.S.C. 5204-
5205), all interest and earnings accruing to the Eisenhower 
Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund on or before September 
30, 2008, to remain available until expended: Provided, That 
none of the funds appropriated herein shall be used to pay any 
salary or other compensation, or to enter into any contract 
providing for the payment thereof, in excess of the rate 
authorized by 5 U.S.C. 5376; or for purposes which are not in 
accordance with OMB Circulars A-110 (Uniform Administrative 
Requirements) and A-122 (Cost Principles for Non-profit 
Organizations), including the restrictions on compensation for 
personal services.

                    israeli arab scholarship program

  For necessary expenses of the Israeli Arab Scholarship 
Program as authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), 
all interest and earnings accruing to the Israeli Arab 
Scholarship Fund on or before September 30, 2008, to remain 
available until expended.

                            EAST-WEST CENTER

  To enable the Secretary of State to provide for carrying out 
the provisions of the Center for Cultural and Technical 
Interchange Between East and West Act of 1960, by grant to the 
Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and 
West in the State of Hawaii, $19,500,000: Provided, That none 
of the funds appropriated herein shall be used to pay any 
salary, or enter into any contract providing for the payment 
thereof, in excess of the rate authorized by 5 U.S.C. 5376.

                            RELATED AGENCIES


                    Broadcasting Board of Governors


                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

  For expenses necessary to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors, as authorized, to carry out international 
communication activities, including the purchase, rent, 
construction, and improvement of facilities for radio and 
television transmission and reception and purchase, lease, and 
installation of necessary equipment for radio and television 
transmission and reception to Cuba, and to make and supervise 
grants for radio and television broadcasting to the Middle 
East, $676,727,000: Provided, That of the total amount in this 
heading, not to exceed $16,000 may be used for official 
receptions within the United States as authorized, not to 
exceed $35,000 may be used for representation abroad as 
authorized, and not to exceed $39,000 may be used for official 
reception and representation expenses of Radio Free Europe/
Radio Liberty; and in addition, notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, not to exceed $2,000,000 in receipts from 
advertising and revenue from business ventures, not to exceed 
$500,000 in receipts from cooperating international 
organizations, and not to exceed $1,000,000 in receipts from 
privatization efforts of the Voice of America and the 
International Broadcasting Bureau, to remain available until 
expended for carrying out authorized purposes: Provided 
further, That of the amount provided by this paragraph, 
$12,000,000 is designated as described in section 5 (in the 
matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act).

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

  For the purchase, rent, construction, and improvement of 
facilities for radio and television transmission and reception, 
and purchase and installation of necessary equipment for radio 
and television transmission and reception as authorized, 
$10,748,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized.

      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses for the Commission for the 
Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, $499,000, as 
authorized by section 1303 of Public Law 99-83.

             Commission on International Religious Freedom


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses for the United States Commission on 
International Religious Freedom, as authorized by title II of 
the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 
105-292), $3,300,000, to remain available until September 30, 
2009.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses of the Commission on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe, as authorized by Public Law 94-304, 
$2,370,000, to remain available until September 30, 2009.

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses of the Congressional-Executive 
Commission on the People's Republic of China, as authorized, 
$2,000,000, including not more than $3,000 for the purpose of 
official representation, to remain available until September 
30, 2009.

      United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses of the United States-China Economic 
and Security Review Commission, $4,000,000, including not more 
than $4,000 for the purpose of official representation, to 
remain available until September 30, 2009: Provided, That the 
Commission shall submit a spending plan to the Committees on 
Appropriations no later than March 1, 2008, which effectively 
addresses the recommendations of the Government Accountability 
Office's audit of the Commission (GAO-07-1128): Provided 
further, That the Commission shall provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations a quarterly accounting of the cumulative 
balances of any unobligated funds that were received by the 
Commission during any previous fiscal year: Provided further, 
That for purposes of costs relating to printing and binding, 
the Commission shall be deemed, effective on the date of its 
establishment, to be a committee of Congress: Provided further, 
That compensation for the executive director of the Commission 
may not exceed the rate payable for level II of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code: 
Provided further, That section 1238(c)(1) of the Floyd D. 
Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001, 
is amended by striking ``June'' and inserting ``December'': 
Provided further, That travel by members of the Commission and 
its staff shall be arranged and conducted under the rules and 
procedures applying to travel by members of the House of 
Representatives and its staff.

          United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses of the United States Senate-China 
Interparliamentary Group, as authorized under section 153 of 
the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2004 (22 U.S.C. 276n; 
Public Law 108-99; 118 Stat. 448), $150,000, to remain 
available until September 30, 2009.

                    United States Institute of Peace


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

  For necessary expenses of the United States Institute of 
Peace as authorized in the United States Institute of Peace 
Act, $25,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 2009.

                     GENERAL PROVISIONS--THIS TITLE


                      ALLOWANCES AND DIFFERENTIALS

  Sec. 101. Funds appropriated under title I of this Act shall 
be available, except as otherwise provided, for allowances and 
differentials as authorized by subchapter 59 of title 5, United 
States Code; for services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109; and 
for hire of passenger transportation pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 
1343(b).

                      UNOBLIGATED BALANCES REPORT

  Sec. 102. The Department of State and the Broadcasting Board 
of Governors shall provide to the Committees on Appropriations 
a quarterly accounting of the cumulative balances of any 
unobligated funds that were received by such agency during any 
previous fiscal year.

                          EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION

  Sec. 103. (a) Of funds provided under title I of this Act, 
except as provided in subsection (b), a project to construct a 
diplomatic facility of the United States may not include office 
space or other accommodations for an employee of a Federal 
agency or department if the Secretary of State determines that 
such department or agency has not provided to the Department of 
State the full amount of funding required by subsection (e) of 
section 604 of the Secure Embassy Construction and 
Counterterrorism Act of 1999 (as enacted into law by section 
1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113 and contained in appendix G of 
that Act; 113 Stat. 1501A-453), as amended by section 629 of 
the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, 
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2005.
  (b) Notwithstanding the prohibition in subsection (a), a 
project to construct a diplomatic facility of the United States 
may include office space or other accommodations for members of 
the Marine Corps.

                         PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS

  Sec. 104. None of the funds made available under title I of 
this Act may be used for any United Nations undertaking when it 
is made known to the Federal official having authority to 
obligate or expend such funds that: (1) the United Nations 
undertaking is a peacekeeping mission; (2) such undertaking 
will involve United States Armed Forces under the command or 
operational control of a foreign national; and (3) the 
President's military advisors have not submitted to the 
President a recommendation that such involvement is in the 
national security interests of the United States and the 
President has not submitted to the Congress such a 
recommendation.

                            DENIAL OF VISAS

  Sec. 105. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available under title I of this Act shall be expended for 
any purpose for which appropriations are prohibited by section 
616 of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the 
Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999.
  (b) The requirements in subsections (b) and (c) of section 
616 of that Act shall continue to apply during fiscal year 
2008.

                     SENIOR POLICY OPERATING GROUP

  Sec. 106. (a) The Senior Policy Operating Group on 
Trafficking in Persons, established under section 105(f) of the 
Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (22 
U.S.C. 7103(f)) to coordinate agency activities regarding 
policies (including grants and grant policies) involving the 
international trafficking in persons, shall coordinate all such 
policies related to the activities of traffickers and victims 
of severe forms of trafficking.
  (b) None of the funds provided under title I of this or any 
other Act making appropriations for Department of State and 
Related Agencies shall be expended to perform functions that 
duplicate coordinating responsibilities of the Operating Group.
  (c) The Operating Group shall continue to report only to the 
authorities that appointed them pursuant to section 105(f).

                UNITED STATES CITIZENS BORN IN JERUSALEM

  Sec. 107. For the purposes of registration of birth, 
certification of nationality, or issuance of a passport of a 
United States citizen born in the city of Jerusalem, the 
Secretary of State shall, upon request of the citizen, record 
the place of birth as Israel.

                          CONSULTING SERVICES

  Sec. 108. The expenditure of any appropriation under title I 
of this Act for any consulting service through procurement 
contract, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 3109, shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law, or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.

                      COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 609

  Sec. 109. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available under title I of this Act shall be expended for 
any purpose for which appropriations are prohibited by section 
609 of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the 
Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999.
  (b) The requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 
609 of that Act shall continue to apply during fiscal year 
2008.

                      STATE DEPARTMENT AUTHORITIES

  Sec. 110. Funds appropriated under title I of this Act for 
the Broadcasting Board of Governors and the Department of State 
may be obligated and expended notwithstanding section 15 of the 
State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, section 313 of 
the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 
1995 (Public Law 103-236), and section 504(a)(1) of the 
National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 414(a)(1)).

                           PERSONNEL ACTIONS

  Sec. 111. Any costs incurred by a department or agency funded 
under this Act resulting from personnel actions taken in 
response to funding reductions included in this Act shall be 
absorbed within the total budgetary resources available to such 
department or agency: Provided, That the authority to transfer 
funds between appropriations accounts as may be necessary to 
carry out this section is provided in addition to authorities 
included elsewhere in this Act: Provided further, That use of 
funds to carry out this section shall be treated as a 
reprogramming of funds under section 615 of title VI of this 
Act and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure 
except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that 
section.

               RESTRICTIONS ON UNITED NATIONS DELEGATIONS

  Sec. 112. None of the funds made available under title I of 
this Act may be used to pay expenses for any United States 
delegation to any specialized agency, body, or commission of 
the United Nations if such commission is chaired or presided 
over by a country, the government of which the Secretary of 
State has determined, for purposes of section 6(j)(1) of the 
Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)), 
has provided support for acts of international terrorism.

                        PEACEKEEPING ASSESSMENT

  Sec. 113. Section 404(b)(2)(B) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995, (22 U.S.C. 287e 
note) is amended at the end by adding the following: ``(v) For 
assessments made during calendar year 2008, 27.1 percent.''.

                          ALHURRA BROADCASTING

  Sec. 114. Funds appropriated for the programs and activities 
of Alhurra in fiscal year 2008 may be made available only if 
the Secretary of State certifies and reports to the Committees 
on Appropriations that Alhurra does not advocate on behalf of 
any organization that the Secretary knows, or has reason to 
believe, engages in terrorist activities.

                 department of state inspector general

  Sec. 115. (a) Link to Office of Inspector General From 
Homepage of Department of State.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State 
shall establish and maintain on the homepage of the Internet 
website of the Department of State a direct link to the 
Internet website of the Office of Inspector General of the 
Department of State.
  (b) Anonymous Reporting of Waste, Fraud, or Abuse.--Not later 
than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Inspector General of the Department of State shall establish 
and maintain on the homepage of the Internet website of the 
Office of Inspector General a mechanism by which individuals 
can anonymously report cases of waste, fraud, or abuse with 
respect to the Department of State.

                          CONSULAR OPERATIONS

  Sec. 116. The Secretary of State shall establish limited 
consular operations in Iraq within 180 days of enactment of 
this Act in which designated categories of aliens may apply and 
interview for admission to the United States.

              INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION

  Sec. 117. Of the funds appropriated in this Act under the 
heading ``International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
States and Mexico, Construction'' (IBWC), up to $66,000,000 may 
be expended for construction of secondary wastewater treatment 
capability of at least 25 million gallons per day (mgd) from 
the Tijuana River, subject to the following conditions: (1) 
IBWC shall resume negotiations in accordance with section 804 
of Public Law 106-457; (2) IBWC shall prepare design and 
engineering plans to upgrade the South Bay International 
Wastewater Treatment Plant to treat 25 mgd to secondary 
treatment and update its conceptual designs for a scalable 
project capable of treating up to 100 mgd to secondary at the 
facility; and (3) none of the funds made available by this 
section may be obligated for construction before the Government 
Accountability Office completes a report on the proposed 
projects.

                    COMMISSION FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

  Sec. 118. (a) Requirement for Performance Reviews.--The 
United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission 
shall comply with chapter 43 of title 5, United States Code, 
regarding the establishment and regular review of employee 
performance appraisals.
  (b) Limitation on Cash Awards.--The United States-China 
Economic and Security Review Commission shall comply with 
section 4505a of title 5, United States Code, with respect to 
limitations on payment of performance-based cash awards.

                                TITLE II


                    EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE


                Export-Import Bank of the United States


                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

  For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General in 
carrying out the provisions of the Inspector General Act of 
1978, as amended, $1,000,000, to remain available until 
September 30, 2009.

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

  The Export-Import Bank of the United States is authorized to 
make such expenditures within the limits of funds and borrowing 
authority available to such corporation, and in accordance with 
law, and to make such contracts and commitments without regard 
to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section 104 of the 
Government Corporation Control Act, as may be necessary in 
carrying out the program for the current fiscal year for such 
corporation: Provided, That none of the funds available during 
the current fiscal year may be used to make expenditures, 
contracts, or commitments for the export of nuclear equipment, 
fuel, or technology to any country, other than a nuclear-weapon 
state as defined in Article IX of the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons eligible to receive economic 
or military assistance under this Act, that has detonated a 
nuclear explosive after the date of the enactment of this Act: 
Provided further, That notwithstanding section 1(c) of Public 
Law 103-428, as amended, sections 1(a) and (b) of Public Law 
103-428 shall remain in effect through October 1, 2008: 
Provided further, That not less than 10 percent of the 
aggregate loan, guarantee, and insurance authority available to 
the Export-Import Bank under this Act should be used for 
renewable energy and environmentally beneficial products and 
services.

                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

  For the cost of direct loans, loan guarantees, insurance, and 
tied-aid grants as authorized by section 10 of the Export-
Import Bank Act of 1945, as amended, $68,000,000, to remain 
available until September 30, 2011: Provided, That such costs, 
including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined 
in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: 
Provided further, That such sums shall remain available until 
September 30, 2026, for the disbursement of direct loans, loan 
guarantees, insurance and tied-aid grants obligated in fiscal 
years 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011: Provided further, That none 
of the funds appropriated by this Act or any prior Act 
appropriating funds for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs for tied-aid credits or grants may be used 
for any other purpose except through the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided 
further, That funds appropriated by this paragraph are made 
available notwithstanding section 2(b)(2) of the Export-Import 
Bank Act of 1945, in connection with the purchase or lease of 
any product by any Eastern European country, any Baltic State 
or any agency or national thereof.

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

  For administrative expenses to carry out the direct and 
guaranteed loan and insurance programs, including hire of 
passenger motor vehicles and services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 
3109, and not to exceed $30,000 for official reception and 
representation expenses for members of the Board of Directors, 
$78,000,000: Provided, That the Export-Import Bank may accept, 
and use, payment or services provided by transaction 
participants for legal, financial, or technical services in 
connection with any transaction for which an application for a 
loan, guarantee or insurance commitment has been made: Provided 
further, That notwithstanding subsection (b) of section 117 of 
the Export Enhancement Act of 1992, subsection (a) thereof 
shall remain in effect until October 1, 2008.

                           RECEIPTS COLLECTED

  Receipts collected pursuant to the Export-Import Bank Act of 
1945, as amended, and the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, as 
amended, in an amount not to exceed the amount appropriated 
herein, shall be credited as offsetting collections to this 
account: Provided, That the sums herein appropriated from the 
General Fund shall be reduced on a dollar-for-dollar basis by 
such offsetting collections so as to result in a final fiscal 
year appropriation from the General Fund estimated at $0: 
Provided further, That amounts collected in fiscal year 2008 in 
excess of obligations, up to $50,000,000, shall become 
available October 1, 2008 and shall remain available until 
September 30, 2011.

                Overseas Private Investment Corporation


                           NONCREDIT ACCOUNT

  The Overseas Private Investment Corporation is authorized to 
make, without regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by 
31 U.S.C. 9104, such expenditures and commitments within the 
limits of funds available to it and in accordance with law as 
may be necessary: Provided, That the amount available for 
administrative expenses to carry out the credit and insurance 
programs (including an amount for official reception and 
representation expenses which shall not exceed $35,000) shall 
not exceed $47,500,000: Provided further, That project-specific 
transaction costs, including direct and indirect costs incurred 
in claims settlements, and other direct costs associated with 
services provided to specific investors or potential investors 
pursuant to section 234 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
shall not be considered administrative expenses for the 
purposes of this heading.

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

  For the cost of direct and guaranteed loans, $23,500,000, as 
authorized by section 234 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961, to be derived by transfer from the Overseas Private 
Investment Corporation Noncredit Account: Provided, That such 
costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as 
defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: 
Provided further, That such sums shall be available for direct 
loan obligations and loan guaranty commitments incurred or made 
during fiscal years 2008, 2009, and 2010: Provided further, 
That funds so obligated in fiscal year 2008 remain available 
for disbursement through 2016; funds obligated in fiscal year 
2009 remain available for disbursement through 2017; funds 
obligated in fiscal year 2010 remain available for disbursement 
through 2018: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation 
is authorized to undertake any program authorized by title IV 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 in Iraq: Provided 
further, That funds made available pursuant to the authority of 
the previous proviso shall be subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
  In addition, such sums as may be necessary for administrative 
expenses to carry out the credit program may be derived from 
amounts available for administrative expenses to carry out the 
credit and insurance programs in the Overseas Private 
Investment Corporation Noncredit Account and merged with said 
account.

                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                      TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
661 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $50,400,000, to 
remain available until September 30, 2009.

                               TITLE III


                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President

  For expenses necessary to enable the President to carry out 
the provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for 
other purposes, to remain available until September 30, 2008, 
unless otherwise specified herein, as follows:

                    GLOBAL HEALTH AND CHILD SURVIVAL

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of 
chapters 1 and 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961, for global health activities, in addition to funds 
otherwise available for such purposes, $1,843,150,000, to 
remain available until September 30, 2009, and which shall be 
apportioned directly to the United States Agency for 
International Development: Provided, That this amount shall be 
made available for such activities as: (1) child survival and 
maternal health programs; (2) immunization and oral rehydration 
programs; (3) other health, nutrition, water and sanitation 
programs which directly address the needs of mothers and 
children, and related education programs; (4) assistance for 
children displaced or orphaned by causes other than AIDS; (5) 
programs for the prevention, treatment, control of, and 
research on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, polio, malaria, and other 
infectious diseases, and for assistance to communities severely 
affected by HIV/AIDS, including children infected or affected 
by AIDS; and (6) family planning/reproductive health: Provided 
further, That none of the funds appropriated under this 
paragraph may be made available for nonproject assistance, 
except that funds may be made available for such assistance for 
ongoing health activities: Provided further, That of the funds 
appropriated under this paragraph, not to exceed $350,000, in 
addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, may be 
used to monitor and provide oversight of child survival, 
maternal and family planning/reproductive health, and 
infectious disease programs: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated under this paragraph the following amounts 
should be allocated as follows: $450,150,000 for child survival 
and maternal health; $15,000,000 for vulnerable children; 
$350,000,000 for HIV/AIDS; $633,000,000 for other infectious 
diseases, including $153,000,000 for tuberculosis control, of 
which $15,000,000 shall be used for the Global TB Drug 
Facility; and $395,000,000 for family planning/reproductive 
health, including in areas where population growth threatens 
biodiversity or endangered species: Provided further, That of 
the funds appropriated under this paragraph, $72,500,000 should 
be made available for a United States contribution to The GAVI 
Fund, and up to $6,000,000 may be transferred to and merged 
with funds appropriated by this Act under the heading 
``Operating Expenses of the United States Agency for 
International Development'' for costs directly related to 
global health, but funds made available for such costs may not 
be derived from amounts made available for contribution under 
this and preceding provisos: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated under this paragraph, $115,000,000 shall be 
made available to combat avian influenza, of which $15,000,000 
shall be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of 
law except section 551 of Public Law 109-102, to enhance the 
preparedness of militaries in Asia and Africa to respond to an 
avian influenza pandemic, subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided 
further, That none of the funds made available in this Act nor 
any unobligated balances from prior appropriations may be made 
available to any organization or program which, as determined 
by the President of the United States, supports or participates 
in the management of a program of coercive abortion or 
involuntary sterilization: Provided further, That any 
determination made under the previous proviso must be made no 
later than six months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
and must be accompanied by a comprehensive analysis as well as 
the complete evidence and criteria utilized to make the 
determination: Provided further, That none of the funds made 
available under this Act may be used to pay for the performance 
of abortion as a method of family planning or to motivate or 
coerce any person to practice abortions: Provided further, That 
nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to alter any 
existing statutory prohibitions against abortion under section 
104 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further, 
That none of the funds made available under this Act may be 
used to lobby for or against abortion: Provided further, That 
in order to reduce reliance on abortion in developing nations, 
funds shall be available only to voluntary family planning 
projects which offer, either directly or through referral to, 
or information about access to, a broad range of family 
planning methods and services, and that any such voluntary 
family planning project shall meet the following requirements: 
(1) service providers or referral agents in the project shall 
not implement or be subject to quotas, or other numerical 
targets, of total number of births, number of family planning 
acceptors, or acceptors of a particular method of family 
planning (this provision shall not be construed to include the 
use of quantitative estimates or indicators for budgeting and 
planning purposes); (2) the project shall not include payment 
of incentives, bribes, gratuities, or financial reward to: (A) 
an individual in exchange for becoming a family planning 
acceptor; or (B) program personnel for achieving a numerical 
target or quota of total number of births, number of family 
planning acceptors, or acceptors of a particular method of 
family planning; (3) the project shall not deny any right or 
benefit, including the right of access to participate in any 
program of general welfare or the right of access to health 
care, as a consequence of any individual's decision not to 
accept family planning services; (4) the project shall provide 
family planning acceptors comprehensible information on the 
health benefits and risks of the method chosen, including those 
conditions that might render the use of the method inadvisable 
and those adverse side effects known to be consequent to the 
use of the method; and (5) the project shall ensure that 
experimental contraceptive drugs and devices and medical 
procedures are provided only in the context of a scientific 
study in which participants are advised of potential risks and 
benefits; and, not less than 60 days after the date on which 
the Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development determines that there has been a violation of the 
requirements contained in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (5) of 
this proviso, or a pattern or practice of violations of the 
requirements contained in paragraph (4) of this proviso, the 
Administrator shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
a report containing a description of such violation and the 
corrective action taken by the Agency: Provided further, That 
in awarding grants for natural family planning under section 
104 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 no applicant shall be 
discriminated against because of such applicant's religious or 
conscientious commitment to offer only natural family planning; 
and, additionally, all such applicants shall comply with the 
requirements of the previous proviso: Provided further, That 
for purposes of this or any other Act authorizing or 
appropriating funds for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs, the term ``motivate'', as it relates to 
family planning assistance, shall not be construed to prohibit 
the provision, consistent with local law, of information or 
counseling about all pregnancy options: Provided further, That 
to the maximum extent feasible, taking into consideration cost, 
timely availability, and best health practices, funds 
appropriated in this Act or prior appropriations Acts that are 
made available for condom procurement shall be made available 
only for the procurement of condoms manufactured in the United 
States: Provided further, That information provided about the 
use of condoms as part of projects or activities that are 
funded from amounts appropriated by this Act shall be medically 
accurate and shall include the public health benefits and 
failure rates of such use: Provided further, That of the amount 
provided by this paragraph, $115,000,000 is designated as 
described in section 5 (in the matter preceding division A of 
this consolidated Act).
  In addition, for necessary expenses to carry out the 
provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for the 
prevention, treatment, and control of, and research on, HIV/
AIDS, $4,700,000,000, to remain available until expended, and 
which shall be apportioned directly to the Department of State: 
Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this paragraph, 
$550,000,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, except for the United States Leadership 
Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Act of 2003 (Public 
Law 108-25) for a United States contribution to the Global Fund 
to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and shall be expended 
at the minimum rate necessary to make timely payment for 
projects and activities: Provided further, That up to 5 percent 
of the aggregate amount of funds made available to the Global 
Fund in fiscal year 2008 may be made available to the United 
States Agency for International Development for technical 
assistance related to the activities of the Global Fund: 
Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this 
paragraph, up to $13,000,000 may be made available, in addition 
to amounts otherwise available for such purposes, for 
administrative expenses of the Office of the Global AIDS 
Coordinator: Provided further, That funds made available under 
this heading shall be made available notwithstanding the second 
sentence of section 403(a) of Public Law 108-25.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of 
sections 103, 105, 106, and sections 251 through 255, and 
chapter 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
$1,636,881,000, to remain available until September 30, 2009: 
Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading 
that are made available for assistance programs for displaced 
and orphaned children and victims of war, not to exceed 
$43,000, in addition to funds otherwise available for such 
purposes, may be used to monitor and provide oversight of such 
programs: Provided further, That $400,000,000 should be 
allocated for basic education: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated by this Act, not less than $245,000,000 
shall be made available for microenterprise and microfinance 
development programs for the poor, especially women: Provided 
further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, not 
less than $28,000,000 shall be made available for Collaborative 
Research Support Programs: Provided further, That of the funds 
appropriated under this heading, $750,000 shall be made 
available to implement 7 U.S.C. section 1736g-2(a)(2)(C) to 
improve food aid product quality and nutrient delivery: 
Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this 
heading, not less than $22,500,000 shall be made available for 
the American Schools and Hospitals Abroad program: Provided 
further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, 
$12,000,000 should be made available for cooperative 
development programs within the Office of Private and Voluntary 
Cooperation: Provided further, That funds appropriated under 
this heading should be made available for programs to address 
sexual and gender-based violence: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated in this Act, not less than $300,000,000 
shall be made available for safe drinking water and sanitation 
supply projects, including water management related to safe 
drinking water and sanitation, only to implement the Senator 
Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-121), 
of which not less than $125,000,000 should be made available 
for such projects in Africa: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated under this heading, not less than 
$15,000,000 shall be made available for programs to improve 
women's leadership capacity in recipient countries, and 
$10,000,000 may be made available to support a fund that 
enhances economic opportunities for very poor, poor, and low-
income women in developing countries.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
491 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for international 
disaster relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction assistance, 
$432,350,000, to remain available until expended, of which 
$20,000,000 should be for famine prevention and relief: 
Provided further, That of the amount provided by this 
paragraph, $110,000,000 is designated as described in section 5 
(in the matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act).

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

  For necessary expenses for international disaster 
rehabilitation and reconstruction assistance pursuant to 
section 491 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $45,000,000, 
to remain available until expended, to support transition to 
democracy and to long-term development of countries in crisis: 
Provided, That such support may include assistance to develop, 
strengthen, or preserve democratic institutions and processes, 
revitalize basic infrastructure, and foster the peaceful 
resolution of conflict: Provided further, That the United 
States Agency for International Development shall submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations at least 5 days 
prior to beginning a new program of assistance: Provided 
further, That if the President determines that it is important 
to the national interests of the United States to provide 
transition assistance in excess of the amount appropriated 
under this heading, up to $15,000,000 of the funds appropriated 
by this Act to carry out the provisions of part I of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used for purposes of this 
heading and under the authorities applicable to funds 
appropriated under this heading: Provided further, That funds 
made available pursuant to the previous proviso shall be made 
available subject to prior consultation with the Committees on 
Appropriations.

                      DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For the cost of direct loans and loan guarantees provided by 
the United States Agency for International Development, as 
authorized by sections 256 and 635 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, up to $21,000,000 may be derived by transfer from 
funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part I of such Act 
and under the heading ``Assistance for Eastern Europe and the 
Baltic States'': Provided, That such funds shall be made 
available only for micro and small enterprise programs, urban 
programs, and other programs which further the purposes of part 
I of the Act: Provided further, That such costs, including the 
cost of modifying such direct and guaranteed loans, shall be as 
defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, 
as amended: Provided further, That funds made available by this 
paragraph may be used for the cost of modifying any such 
guaranteed loans under this Act or prior Acts, and funds used 
for such costs shall be subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided 
further, That the provisions of section 107A(d) (relating to 
general provisions applicable to the Development Credit 
Authority) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as contained 
in section 306 of H.R. 1486 as reported by the House Committee 
on International Relations on May 9, 1997, shall be applicable 
to direct loans and loan guarantees provided under this 
heading: Provided further, That these funds are available to 
subsidize total loan principal, any portion of which is to be 
guaranteed, of up to $700,000,000.
  In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out credit 
programs administered by the United States Agency for 
International Development, $8,160,000, which may be transferred 
to and merged with the appropriation for Operating Expenses of 
the United States Agency for International Development: 
Provided, That funds made available under this heading shall 
remain available until September 30, 2010.

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
667 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $655,800,000, of 
which up to $25,000,000 may remain available until September 
30, 2009: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under 
this heading and under the heading ``Capital Investment Fund'' 
may be made available to finance the construction (including 
architect and engineering services), purchase, or long-term 
lease of offices for use by the United States Agency for 
International Development, unless the Administrator has 
identified such proposed construction (including architect and 
engineering services), purchase, or long-term lease of offices 
in a report submitted to the Committees on Appropriations at 
least 15 days prior to the obligation of these funds for such 
purposes: Provided further, That the previous proviso shall not 
apply where the total cost of construction (including architect 
and engineering services), purchase, or long-term lease of 
offices does not exceed $1,000,000: Provided further, That 
contracts or agreements entered into with funds appropriated 
under this heading may entail commitments for the expenditure 
of such funds through fiscal year 2009: Provided further, That 
any decision to open a new overseas mission or office of the 
United States Agency for International Development or, except 
where there is a substantial security risk to mission 
personnel, to close or significantly reduce the number of 
personnel of any such mission or office, shall be subject to 
the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That the authority of 
sections 610 and 109 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may 
be exercised by the Secretary of State to transfer funds 
appropriated to carry out chapter 1 of part I of such Act to 
``Operating Expenses of the United States Agency for 
International Development'' in accordance with the provisions 
of those sections: Provided further, That of the amount 
provided by this paragraph, $20,800,000 is designated as 
described in section 5 (in the matter preceding division A of 
this consolidated Act).

 CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

  For necessary expenses for overseas construction and related 
costs, and for the procurement and enhancement of information 
technology and related capital investments, pursuant to section 
667 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $88,000,000, to 
remain available until expended: Provided, That this amount is 
in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes: 
Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading 
shall be available for obligation only pursuant to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
667 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $38,000,000, to 
remain available until September 30, 2009, which sum shall be 
available for the Office of the Inspector General of the United 
States Agency for International Development.

                  Other Bilateral Economic Assistance


                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 
4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
$2,994,823,000, to remain available until September 30, 2009: 
Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, 
not less than $415,000,000 shall be available only for Egypt, 
which sum shall be provided on a grant basis, and of which sum 
cash transfer assistance shall be provided with the 
understanding that Egypt will undertake significant economic 
and democratic reforms which are additional to those which were 
undertaken in previous fiscal years: Provided further, That 
with respect to the provision of assistance for Egypt for 
democracy, human rights and governance activities, the 
organizations implementing such assistance and the specific 
nature of that assistance shall not be subject to the prior 
approval by the Government of Egypt: Provided further, That of 
the funds appropriated under this heading for assistance for 
Egypt, not less than $135,000,000 shall be made available for 
project assistance, of which not less than $20,000,000 shall be 
made available for democracy, human rights and governance 
programs and not less than $50,000,000 shall be used for 
education programs, of which not less than $10,000,000 should 
be made available for scholarships for Egyptian students with 
high financial need to attend United States accredited 
institutions of higher education in Egypt: Provided further, 
That $11,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading 
should be made available for Cyprus to be used only for 
scholarships, administrative support of the scholarship 
program, bicommunal projects, and measures aimed at 
reunification of the island and designed to reduce tensions and 
promote peace and cooperation between the two communities on 
Cyprus: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under 
this heading, not less than $363,547,000 shall be made 
available only for assistance for Jordan: Provided further, 
That of the funds appropriated under this heading that are made 
available for assistance for Jordan, up to $40,000,000 may be 
transferred to, and merged with, funds appropriated by this Act 
under the heading ``Debt Restructuring'' for the costs, as 
defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, 
of reducing or cancelling amounts owed to the United States or 
any agency of the United States by the Hashemite Kingdom of 
Jordan: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under 
this heading not more than $218,500,000 may be made available 
for assistance for the West Bank and Gaza, of which not to 
exceed $2,000,000 may be used for administrative expenses of 
the United States Agency for International Development, in 
addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, to 
carry out programs in the West Bank and Gaza: Provided further, 
That if the President exercises the waiver authority under 
section 650 of this Act, of the funds made available under this 
heading for assistance to the Palestinian Authority, not more 
than $100,000,000 of the funds made available under this 
heading for cash transfer assistance to the Palestinian 
Authority may be obligated for such assistance until the 
Secretary of State certifies and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that the Palestinian Authority has established a 
single treasury account for all Palestinian Authority financing 
and all financing mechanisms flow through this account, has 
eliminated all parallel financing mechanisms outside of the 
Palestinian Authority treasury account, and has established a 
single comprehensive civil service roster and payroll: Provided 
further, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading 
for cash transfer assistance to the Palestinian Authority may 
be obligated for salaries of personnel of the Palestinian 
Authority located in Gaza: Provided further, That none of the 
funds appropriated under this heading for cash transfer 
assistance to the Palestinian Authority may be obligated or 
expended for assistance to Hamas or any entity effectively 
controlled by Hamas or any power-sharing government with Hamas 
unless Hamas has accepted the principles contained in section 
620K(b)(1)(A) and (B) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as 
amended: Provided further, That the Secretary of State shall 
ensure that Federal or non-Federal audits of all funds 
appropriated under this heading for cash transfer assistance to 
the Palestinian Authority are conducted on at least an annual 
basis to ensure compliance with this Act, and such audit shall 
include a detailed accounting of all programs, projects, and 
activities carried out using such funds, including both 
obligations and expenditures, and that the audit is compliant 
with generally accepted accounting standards: Provided further, 
That funds made available under this heading for cash transfer 
assistance to the Palestinian Authority shall be subject to the 
regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That $45,000,000 of the funds 
appropriated under this heading shall be made available for 
assistance for Lebanon, of which not less than $10,000,000 
should be made available for scholarships and direct support of 
American educational institutions in Lebanon: Provided further, 
That not more than $300,000,000 of the funds made available for 
assistance for Afghanistan under this heading may be obligated 
for such assistance until the Secretary of State certifies to 
the Committees on Appropriations that the Government of 
Afghanistan at both the national and provincial level is 
cooperating fully with United States funded poppy eradication 
and interdiction efforts in Afghanistan: Provided further, That 
the President may waive the previous proviso if he determines 
and reports to the Committees on Appropriations that to do so 
is vital to the national security interests of the United 
States: Provided further, That such report shall include an 
analysis of the steps being taken by the Government of 
Afghanistan, at the national and provincial level, to cooperate 
fully with United States funded poppy eradication and 
interdiction efforts in Afghanistan: Provided further, That of 
the funds appropriated under this heading, $196,000,000 shall 
be apportioned directly to the United States Agency for 
International Development (USAID) for alternative development/
institution building and sustainable development programs in 
Colombia and may be transferred to, and merged with, funds 
appropriated under the heading ``Development Assistance'' to 
continue programs administered by USAID: Provided further, That 
with respect to funds apportioned to USAID for programs in 
Colombia under this heading, the responsibility for policy 
decisions for the use of such funds, including which activities 
will be funded and the amount of funds that will be provided 
for each of those activities, shall be the responsibility of 
the Administrator of USAID in consultation with the Assistant 
Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law 
Enforcement Affairs: Provided further, That of the funds 
appropriated under this heading that are available for 
assistance for the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, up to 
$1,000,000 may be available for administrative expenses of the 
United States Agency for International Development in addition 
to amounts otherwise made available for such purposes: Provided 
further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds 
appropriated under this heading may be made available for 
programs and activities for the Central Highlands of Vietnam: 
Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, of the funds appropriated under this heading, up to 
$53,000,000 may be made available for energy-related assistance 
for North Korea, subject to the regular notification procedures 
of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That 
funds appropriated under this heading that are made available 
for a Middle East Financing Facility, Middle East Enterprise 
Fund, or any other similar entity in the Middle East shall be 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That of the 
amount provided by this paragraph, $542,568,000 is designated 
as described in section 5 (in the matter preceding division A 
of this consolidated Act).

                     INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR IRELAND

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 
4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
$15,000,000, which shall be available for the United States 
contribution to the International Fund for Ireland and shall be 
made available in accordance with the provisions of the Anglo-
Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-415): 
Provided, That such amount shall be expended at the minimum 
rate necessary to make timely payment for projects and 
activities: Provided further, That funds made available under 
this heading shall remain available until September 30, 2009.

          ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

  (a) For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Support for East 
European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989, $295,950,000, to remain 
available until September 30, 2009, which shall be available, 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, for assistance and 
for related programs for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States.
  (b) Funds appropriated under this heading shall be considered 
to be economic assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 for purposes of making available the administrative 
authorities contained in that Act for the use of economic 
assistance.
  (c) The provisions of section 628 of this Act shall apply to 
funds appropriated under this heading: Provided, That 
notwithstanding any provision of this or any other Act, 
including provisions in this subsection regarding the 
application of section 628 of this Act, local currencies 
generated by, or converted from, funds appropriated by this Act 
and by previous appropriations Acts and made available for the 
economic revitalization program in Bosnia may be used in 
Eastern Europe and the Baltic States to carry out the 
provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the 
Support for East European Democracy SEED Act of 1989.
  (d) The President is authorized to withhold funds 
appropriated under this heading made available for economic 
revitalization programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina, if he 
determines and certifies to the Committees on Appropriations 
that the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has not complied 
with article III of annex 1-A of the General Framework 
Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning the 
withdrawal of foreign forces, and that intelligence cooperation 
on training, investigations, and related activities between 
state sponsors of terrorism and terrorist organizations and 
Bosnian officials has not been terminated.

    ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of 
chapters 11 and 12 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 and the FREEDOM Support Act, for assistance for the 
Independent States of the former Soviet Union and for related 
programs, $399,735,000, to remain available until September 30, 
2009: Provided, That the provisions of such chapters shall 
apply to funds appropriated by this paragraph: Provided 
further, That funds made available for the Southern Caucasus 
region may be used, notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
for confidence-building measures and other activities in 
furtherance of the peaceful resolution of regional conflicts, 
especially those in the vicinity of Abkhazia and Nagorno-
Karabagh: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, funds appropriated under this heading in this 
Act or prior Acts making appropriations for foreign operations, 
export financing, and related programs, that are made available 
pursuant to the provisions of section 807 of Public Law 102-511 
shall be subject to a 6 percent ceiling on administrative 
expenses.

                          Independent Agencies


                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

  For necessary expenses to carry out the functions of the 
Inter-American Foundation in accordance with the provisions of 
section 401 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969, $21,000,000, 
to remain available until September 30, 2009.

                     AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

  For necessary expenses to carry out title V of the 
International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980, 
Public Law 96-533, $30,000,000, to remain available until 
September 30, 2009: Provided, That funds made available to 
grantees may be invested pending expenditure for project 
purposes when authorized by the Board of Directors of the 
Foundation: Provided further, That interest earned shall be 
used only for the purposes for which the grant was made: 
Provided further, That notwithstanding section 505(a)(2) of the 
African Development Foundation Act, (1) in exceptional 
circumstances the Board of Directors of the Foundation may 
waive the $250,000 limitation contained in that section with 
respect to a project and (2) a project may exceed the 
limitation by up to $10,000 if the increase is due solely to 
foreign currency fluctuation: Provided further, That the 
Foundation shall provide a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations after each time such waiver authority is 
exercised.

                              PEACE CORPS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the 
Peace Corps Act (75 Stat. 612), including the purchase of not 
to exceed five passenger motor vehicles for administrative 
purposes for use outside of the United States, $333,500,000, to 
remain available until September 30, 2009: Provided, That none 
of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be used to 
pay for abortions: Provided further, That the Director may 
transfer to the Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account, as 
authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2515, an amount not to exceed 
$2,000,000: Provided further, That funds transferred pursuant 
to the previous proviso may not be derived from amounts made 
available for Peace Corps overseas operations.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the 
Millennium Challenge Act of 2003, $1,557,000,000, to remain 
available until expended: Provided, That of the funds 
appropriated under this heading, up to $88,000,000 may be 
available for administrative expenses of the Millennium 
Challenge Corporation: Provided further, That up to 10 percent 
of the funds appropriated under this heading may be made 
available to carry out the purposes of section 616 of the 
Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 for candidate countries for 
fiscal year 2008: Provided further, That none of the funds 
available to carry out section 616 of such Act may be made 
available until the Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium 
Challenge Corporation provides a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations listing the candidate countries that will be 
receiving assistance under section 616 of such Act, the level 
of assistance proposed for each such country, a description of 
the proposed programs, projects and activities, and the 
implementing agency or agencies of the United States 
Government: Provided further, That section 605(e)(4) of the 
Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 shall apply to funds 
appropriated under this heading: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated under this heading may be made available for a 
Millennium Challenge Compact entered into pursuant to section 
609 of the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 only if such 
Compact obligates, or contains a commitment to obligate subject 
to the availability of funds and the mutual agreement of the 
parties to the Compact to proceed, the entire amount of the 
United States Government funding anticipated for the duration 
of the Compact.

                          Department of State


                             DEMOCRACY FUND

  (a) For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for the promotion of democracy 
globally, $164,000,000, of which the following amounts shall be 
made available, subject to the regular notification procedures 
of the Committees on Appropriations, until September 30, 2010--
          (1) $64,000,000 for the Human Rights and Democracy 
        Fund of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and 
        Labor, Department of State, of which $15,000,000 shall 
        be for democracy and rule of law programs in the 
        People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan: 
        Provided, That assistance for Taiwan should be matched 
        from sources other than the United States Government: 
        Provided further, That $5,000,000 shall be made 
        available for programs and activities for the promotion 
        of democracy in countries located outside the Middle 
        East region with a significant Muslim population, and 
        where such programs and activities would be important 
        to United States efforts to respond to, deter, or 
        prevent acts of international terrorism: Provided 
        further, That funds used for such purposes should 
        support new initiatives and activities in those 
        countries: Provided further, That $15,000,000 shall be 
        made available for an internet freedom initiative to 
        expand access and information in closed societies, 
        including in the Middle East and Asia: Provided 
        further, That the Department of State shall consult 
        with the Committees on Appropriations prior to the 
        initial obligation of funds made available pursuant to 
        the previous proviso; and
          (2) $100,000,000 for the National Endowment for 
        Democracy: Provided, That of the funds appropriated by 
        this Act under the headings ``Development Assistance'', 
        ``Economic Support Fund'', ``Assistance for Eastern 
        Europe and the Baltic States'', and ``Assistance for 
        the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union'', an 
        additional $11,000,000 should be made available to 
        support the ongoing programs and activities of the 
        National Endowment for Democracy.
  (b) Funds appropriated by this Act that are made available 
for the promotion of democracy may be made available 
notwithstanding any other provision of law and, with regard to 
the National Endowment for Democracy, any regulation. Funds 
appropriated under this heading are in addition to funds 
otherwise available for such purposes.
  (c) For the purposes of funds appropriated by this Act, the 
term ``promotion of democracy'' means programs that support 
good governance, human rights, independent media, and the rule 
of law, and otherwise strengthen the capacity of democratic 
political parties, governments, nongovernmental organizations 
and institutions, and citizens to support the development of 
democratic states, institutions, and practices that are 
responsive and accountable to citizens.
  (d) Any contract, grant or cooperative agreement (or any 
amendment to any contract, grant, or cooperative agreement) in 
excess of $2,500,000 for the promotion of democracy under this 
Act shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of 
the Committees on Appropriations.

          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

  For necessary expenses to carry out section 481 of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $558,449,000, to remain 
available until September 30, 2010: Provided, That during 
fiscal year 2008, the Department of State may also use the 
authority of section 608 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
without regard to its restrictions, to receive excess property 
from an agency of the United States Government for the purpose 
of providing it to a foreign country under chapter 8 of part I 
of that Act subject to the regular notification procedures of 
the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That the 
Secretary of State shall provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 45 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and prior to the initial obligation of 
funds appropriated under this heading, a report on the proposed 
uses of all funds under this heading on a country-by-country 
basis for each proposed program, project, or activity: Provided 
further, That none of the funds provided under this heading for 
counter narcotics activities in Afghanistan shall be made 
available for eradication programs through the aerial spraying 
of herbicides: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated 
under this heading, not less than $39,750,000 shall be made 
available for judicial, human rights, rule of law and related 
activities for Colombia, of which not less than $20,000,000 
shall be made available for the Office of the Attorney General, 
of which $5,000,000 shall be for the Human Rights Unit, 
$5,000,000 shall be for the Justice and Peace Unit, $7,000,000 
shall be used to support a witness protection program for 
victims of armed groups, and $3,000,000 shall be for 
investigations of mass graves and identification of remains: 
Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this 
heading that are available for assistance for Colombia, 
$8,000,000 shall be available for human rights activities, 
$5,500,000 shall be available for judicial reform, $3,000,000 
shall be for the Office of the Procuraduria General de la 
Nacion, $2,000,000 shall be for the Office of the Defensoria 
del Pueblo, and $750,000 should be made available for a United 
States contribution to the Office of the United Nations High 
Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia to support monitoring 
and public reporting of human rights conditions in the field: 
Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this 
heading, not more than $38,000,000 may be available for 
administrative expenses.

                      ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For necessary expenses to carry out section 481 of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to support counterdrug 
activities in the Andean region of South America, $327,460,000, 
to remain available until September 30, 2010: Provided, That 
the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Administrator 
of the United States Agency for International Development, 
shall provide to the Committees on Appropriations not later 
than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and 
prior to the initial obligation of funds appropriated under 
this heading, a report on the proposed uses of all funds under 
this heading on a country-by-country basis for each proposed 
program, project, or activity: Provided further, That section 
482(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall not apply to 
funds appropriated under this heading: Provided further, That 
assistance provided with funds appropriated under this heading 
that is made available notwithstanding section 482(b) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be made available subject 
to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That funds made available to 
the Department of State for assistance to the Government of 
Colombia in this Act may be used to support a unified campaign 
against narcotics trafficking and organizations designated as 
Foreign Terrorist Organizations, and to take actions to protect 
human health and welfare in emergency circumstances, including 
undertaking rescue operations: Provided further, That this 
authority shall cease to be effective if the Secretary of State 
has credible evidence that the Colombian Armed Forces are not 
conducting vigorous operations to restore government authority 
and respect for human rights in areas under the effective 
control of paramilitary organizations, illegal self-defense 
groups, illegal security cooperatives, or other criminal, 
guerrilla or successor armed groups or organizations: Provided 
further, That the President shall ensure that if any helicopter 
procured with funds in this Act or prior Acts making 
appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and 
related programs, is used to aid or abet the operations of any 
illegal self-defense group, paramilitary organization, illegal 
security cooperative or successor organizations in Colombia, 
such helicopter shall be immediately returned to the United 
States: Provided further, That no United States Armed Forces 
personnel or United States civilian contractor employed by the 
United States will participate in any combat operation in 
connection with assistance made available by this Act for 
Colombia: Provided further, That rotary and fixed wing aircraft 
supported with funds appropriated under this heading for 
assistance for Colombia may be used for aerial or manual drug 
eradication and interdiction including to transport personnel 
and supplies and to provide security for such operations, and 
to provide transport in support of alternative development 
programs and investigations of cases under the jurisdiction of 
the Attorney General, the Procuraduria General de la Nacion, 
and the Defensoria del Pueblo: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated under this heading that are available for 
Colombia, up to $2,500,000 shall be transferred to, and merged 
with, funds appropriated under the heading ``Foreign Military 
Financing Program'' and shall be made available only for 
assistance for the Colombian Armed Forces to provide security 
for manual eradication programs and up to $2,500,000 shall be 
transferred to, and merged with, funds appropriated under the 
heading ``International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement'' 
and shall be made available only for assistance for the 
Colombian National Police to provide security for manual 
eradication programs: Provided further, That of the funds 
available for the Colombian national police for the procurement 
of chemicals for aerial coca and poppy eradication programs, 
not more than 20 percent of such funds may be made available 
for such eradication programs unless the Secretary of State 
certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that: (1) the 
herbicide is being used in accordance with EPA label 
requirements for comparable use in the United States and with 
Colombian laws; and (2) the herbicide, in the manner it is 
being used, does not pose unreasonable risks or adverse effects 
to humans or the environment including endemic species: 
Provided further, That such funds may not be made available 
unless the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on 
Appropriations that complaints of harm to health or licit crops 
caused by such aerial eradication are thoroughly evaluated and 
fair compensation is being paid in a timely manner for 
meritorious claims: Provided further, That the Secretary shall 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations detailing 
all claims, evaluations, and compensation paid during the 
twelve month period prior to the date of enactment of this Act: 
Provided further, That such funds may not be made available for 
such purposes unless programs are being implemented by United 
States Agency for International Development, the Government of 
Colombia, or other organizations, in consultation and 
coordination with local communities, to provide alternative 
sources of income in areas where security permits for small-
acreage growers and communities whose illicit crops are 
targeted for aerial eradication: Provided further, That none of 
the funds appropriated by this Act shall be made available for 
the cultivation or processing of African oil palm, if doing so 
would contribute to significant loss of native species, disrupt 
or contaminate natural water sources, reduce local food 
security, or cause the forced displacement of local people: 
Provided further, That funds appropriated by this Act may be 
used for aerial eradication in Colombia's national parks or 
reserves only if the Secretary of State certifies to the 
Committees on Appropriations on a case-by-case basis that there 
are no effective alternatives and the eradication is conducted 
in accordance with Colombian laws: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated under this heading that are made available for 
assistance for the Bolivian military and police may be made 
available for such purposes only if the Secretary of State 
certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the Bolivian 
military and police are respecting human rights and cooperating 
fully with investigations and prosecutions by civilian judicial 
authorities of military and police personnel who have been 
implicated in gross violations of human rights: Provided 
further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, not 
more than $17,000,000 may be available for administrative 
expenses of the Department of State, and not more than 
$7,800,000 may be available, in addition to amounts otherwise 
available for such purposes, for administrative expenses of the 
United States Agency for International Development.

                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

  For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable 
the Secretary of State to provide, as authorized by law, a 
contribution to the International Committee of the Red Cross, 
assistance to refugees, including contributions to the 
International Organization for Migration and the United Nations 
High Commissioner for Refugees, and other activities to meet 
refugee and migration needs; salaries and expenses of personnel 
and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 
1980; allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of 
title 5, United States Code; purchase and hire of passenger 
motor vehicles; and services as authorized by section 3109 of 
title 5, United States Code, $1,029,900,000, to remain 
available until expended: Provided, That not more than 
$23,000,000 may be available for administrative expenses: 
Provided further, That not less than $40,000,000 of the funds 
made available under this heading shall be made available for 
refugees resettling in Israel: Provided further, That funds 
made available under this heading shall be made available for 
assistance for refugees from North Korea: Provided further, 
That of the amount provided by this paragraph, $200,000,000 is 
designated as described in section 5 (in the matter preceding 
division A of this consolidated Act).

     UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as 
amended (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)), $45,000,000, to remain available 
until expended.

    NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

  For necessary expenses for nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, 
demining and related programs and activities, $487,000,000, to 
carry out the provisions of chapter 8 of part II of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 for anti-terrorism assistance, chapter 9 
of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, section 504 
of the FREEDOM Support Act, section 23 of the Arms Export 
Control Act or the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for demining 
activities, the clearance of unexploded ordnance, the 
destruction of small arms, and related activities, 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, including 
activities implemented through nongovernmental and 
international organizations, and section 301 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 for a voluntary contribution to the 
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and for a United 
States contribution to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban 
Treaty Preparatory Commission: Provided, That of this amount 
not to exceed $34,000,000, to remain available until expended, 
may be made available for the Nonproliferation and Disarmament 
Fund, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to promote 
bilateral and multilateral activities relating to 
nonproliferation and disarmament: Provided further, That such 
funds may also be used for such countries other than the 
Independent States of the former Soviet Union and international 
organizations when it is in the national security interest of 
the United States to do so: Provided further, That of the funds 
appropriated under this heading, not less than $26,000,000 
shall be made available for the Biosecurity Engagement Program: 
Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading 
may be made available for the International Atomic Energy 
Agency only if the Secretary of State determines (and so 
reports to the Congress) that Israel is not being denied its 
right to participate in the activities of that Agency: Provided 
further, That of the funds made available for demining and 
related activities, not to exceed $700,000, in addition to 
funds otherwise available for such purposes, may be used for 
administrative expenses related to the operation and management 
of the demining program: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated under this heading that are available for ``Anti-
terrorism Assistance'' and ``Export Control and Border 
Security'' shall remain available until September 30, 2009.

                       Department of the Treasury


               INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
129 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $20,400,000, to 
remain available until September 30, 2010, which shall be 
available notwithstanding any other provision of law.

                           DEBT RESTRUCTURING

  For the cost, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974, of modifying loans and loan guarantees, as 
the President may determine, for which funds have been 
appropriated or otherwise made available for programs within 
the International Affairs Budget Function 150, including the 
cost of selling, reducing, or canceling amounts owed to the 
United States as a result of concessional loans made to 
eligible countries, pursuant to parts IV and V of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, of modifying concessional credit 
agreements with least developed countries, as authorized under 
section 411 of the Agricultural Trade Development and 
Assistance Act of 1954, as amended, of concessional loans, 
guarantees and credit agreements, as authorized under section 
572 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related 
Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-461), and of 
canceling amounts owed, as a result of loans or guarantees made 
pursuant to the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, by countries 
that are eligible for debt reduction pursuant to title V of 
H.R. 3425 as enacted into law by section 1000(a)(5) of Public 
Law 106-113, $30,300,000, to remain available until September 
30, 2010: Provided, That not less than $20,000,000 of the funds 
appropriated under this heading shall be made available to 
carry out the provisions of part V of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961: Provided further, That amounts paid to the HIPC 
Trust Fund may be used only to fund debt reduction under the 
enhanced HIPC initiative by--
          (1) the Inter-American Development Bank;
          (2) the African Development Fund;
          (3) the African Development Bank; and
          (4) the Central American Bank for Economic 
        Integration:
Provided further, That funds may not be paid to the HIPC Trust 
Fund for the benefit of any country if the Secretary of State 
has credible evidence that the government of such country is 
engaged in a consistent pattern of gross violations of 
internationally recognized human rights or in military or civil 
conflict that undermines its ability to develop and implement 
measures to alleviate poverty and to devote adequate human and 
financial resources to that end: Provided further, That on the 
basis of final appropriations, the Secretary of the Treasury 
shall consult with the Committees on Appropriations concerning 
which countries and international financial institutions are 
expected to benefit from a United States contribution to the 
HIPC Trust Fund during the fiscal year: Provided further, That 
the Secretary of the Treasury shall inform the Committees on 
Appropriations not less than 15 days in advance of the 
signature of an agreement by the United States to make payments 
to the HIPC Trust Fund of amounts for such countries and 
institutions: Provided further, That the Secretary of the 
Treasury may disburse funds designated for debt reduction 
through the HIPC Trust Fund only for the benefit of countries 
that--
          (1) have committed, for a period of 24 months, not to 
        accept new market-rate loans from the international 
        financial institution receiving debt repayment as a 
        result of such disbursement, other than loans made by 
        such institutions to export-oriented commercial 
        projects that generate foreign exchange which are 
        generally referred to as ``enclave'' loans; and
          (2) have documented and demonstrated their commitment 
        to redirect their budgetary resources from 
        international debt repayments to programs to alleviate 
        poverty and promote economic growth that are additional 
        to or expand upon those previously available for such 
        purposes:
Provided further, That any limitation of subsection (e) of 
section 411 of the Agricultural Trade Development and 
Assistance Act of 1954 shall not apply to funds appropriated 
under this heading: Provided further, That none of the funds 
made available under this heading in this or any other 
appropriations Act shall be made available for Sudan or Burma 
unless the Secretary of the Treasury determines and notifies 
the Committees on Appropriations that a democratically elected 
government has taken office.

                                TITLE IV


                          MILITARY ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
541 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $85,877,000, of 
which up to $3,000,000 may remain available until expended: 
Provided, That funds appropriated under this heading shall not 
be available for Equatorial Guinea: Provided further, That the 
civilian personnel for whom military education and training may 
be provided under this heading may include civilians who are 
not members of a government whose participation would 
contribute to improved civil-military relations, civilian 
control of the military, or respect for human rights: Provided 
further, That funds appropriated under this heading that are 
made available for assistance for Angola, Cameroon, Central 
African Republic, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Libya, and Nepal 
may be made available only for expanded international military 
education and training: Provided further, That funds made 
available under this heading in the second proviso and for 
assistance for Haiti, Guatemala, the Democratic Republic of the 
Congo, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Libya, Angola, and 
Nigeria may only be provided through the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations and any such 
notification shall include a detailed description of proposed 
activities.

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  For expenses necessary for grants to enable the President to 
carry out the provisions of section 23 of the Arms Export 
Control Act, $4,588,325,000: Provided, That of the funds 
appropriated under this heading, not less than $2,400,000,000 
shall be available for grants only for Israel, and not less 
than $1,300,000,000 shall be made available for grants only for 
Egypt: Provided further, That the funds appropriated by this 
paragraph for Israel shall be disbursed within 30 days of the 
enactment of this Act: Provided further, That to the extent 
that the Government of Israel requests that funds be used for 
such purposes, grants made available for Israel by this 
paragraph shall, as agreed by Israel and the United States, be 
available for advanced weapons systems, of which not less than 
$631,200,000 shall be available for the procurement in Israel 
of defense articles and defense services, including research 
and development: Provided further, That of the funds 
appropriated by this paragraph, $300,000,000 shall be made 
available for assistance for Jordan: Provided further, That of 
the funds appropriated under this heading, not more than 
$53,000,000 shall be available for Colombia, of which 
$5,000,000 should be made available for medical and 
rehabilitation assistance, removal of landmines, and to enhance 
communications capabilities: Provided further, That of the 
funds appropriated under this heading, $3,655,000 may be made 
available for assistance for Morocco, and an additional 
$1,000,000 may be made available if the Secretary of State 
certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the 
Government of Morocco is continuing to make progress on human 
rights, and is allowing all persons to advocate freely their 
views regarding the status and future of the Western Sahara 
through the exercise of their rights to peaceful expression, 
association and assembly and to document violations of human 
rights in that territory without harassment: Provided further, 
That funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this 
paragraph shall be nonrepayable notwithstanding any requirement 
in section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act: Provided further, 
That funds made available under this paragraph shall be 
obligated upon apportionment in accordance with paragraph 
(5)(C) of title 31, United States Code, section 1501(a): 
Provided further, That $4,000,000 of the funds appropriated 
under this heading shall be transferred to and merged with 
funds appropriated under the heading ``Diplomatic and Consular 
Programs'' to be made available to the Bureau of Democracy, 
Human Rights and Labor, Department of State, to ensure adequate 
monitoring of the uses of assistance made available under this 
heading in countries where such monitoring is most needed, in 
addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes.
  None of the funds made available under this heading shall be 
available to finance the procurement of defense articles, 
defense services, or design and construction services that are 
not sold by the United States Government under the Arms Export 
Control Act unless the foreign country proposing to make such 
procurements has first signed an agreement with the United 
States Government specifying the conditions under which such 
procurements may be financed with such funds: Provided, That 
all country and funding level increases in allocations shall be 
submitted through the regular notification procedures of 
section 615 of this Act: Provided further, That none of the 
funds appropriated under this heading shall be available for 
assistance for Sudan: Provided further, That none of the funds 
appropriated under this heading may be made available for 
assistance for Haiti, Guatemala, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, 
Bangladesh, Philippines, Indonesia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 
Ethiopia, and Democratic Republic of the Congo except pursuant 
to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That funds made available 
under this heading may be used, notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, for demining, the clearance of unexploded 
ordnance, and related activities, and may include activities 
implemented through nongovernmental and international 
organizations: Provided further, That only those countries for 
which assistance was justified for the ``Foreign Military Sales 
Financing Program'' in the fiscal year 1989 congressional 
presentation for security assistance programs may utilize funds 
made available under this heading for procurement of defense 
articles, defense services or design and construction services 
that are not sold by the United States Government under the 
Arms Export Control Act: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated under this heading shall be expended at the 
minimum rate necessary to make timely payment for defense 
articles and services: Provided further, That not more than 
$41,900,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be 
obligated for necessary expenses, including the purchase of 
passenger motor vehicles for replacement only for use outside 
of the United States, for the general costs of administering 
military assistance and sales: Provided further, That not more 
than $395,000,000 of funds realized pursuant to section 
21(e)(1)(A) of the Arms Export Control Act may be obligated for 
expenses incurred by the Department of Defense during fiscal 
year 2008 pursuant to section 43(b) of the Arms Export Control 
Act, except that this limitation may be exceeded only through 
the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That foreign military 
financing program funds estimated to be outlayed for Egypt 
during fiscal year 2008 shall be transferred to an interest 
bearing account for Egypt in the Federal Reserve Bank of New 
York within 30 days of enactment of this Act: Provided further, 
That of the amount provided by this paragraph, $100,000,000 is 
designated as described in section 5 (in the matter preceding 
division A of this consolidated Act).

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
551 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $263,230,000: 
Provided, That of the funds made available under this heading, 
not less than $25,000,000 shall be made available for a United 
States contribution to the Multinational Force and Observers 
mission in the Sinai: Provided further, That none of the funds 
appropriated under this heading shall be obligated or expended 
except as provided through the regular notification procedures 
of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That of 
the amount provided by this paragraph, $35,000,000 is 
designated as described in section 5 (in the matter preceding 
division A of this consolidated Act).

                                TITLE V


                    MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                  INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

  For the United States contribution for the Global Environment 
Facility, $81,763,000 to the International Bank for 
Reconstruction and Development as trustee for the Global 
Environment Facility, by the Secretary of the Treasury, to 
remain available until expended.

       CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

  For payment to the International Development Association by 
the Secretary of the Treasury, $950,000,000, to remain 
available until expended.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT 
                                  FUND

  For payment to the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral 
Investment Fund by the Secretary of the Treasury, for the 
United States contribution to the fund, $25,000,000, to remain 
available until expended.

               CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

  For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the 
Treasury to the increase in resources of the Asian Development 
Fund, as authorized by the Asian Development Bank Act, as 
amended, $75,153,000, to remain available until expended.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

  For payment to the African Development Bank by the Secretary 
of the Treasury, $2,037,000, for the United States paid-in 
share of the increase in capital stock, to remain available 
until expended.

              LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

  The United States Governor of the African Development Bank 
may subscribe without fiscal year limitation for the callable 
capital portion of the United States share of such capital 
stock in an amount not to exceed $31,918,770.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

  For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the 
Treasury to the increase in resources of the African 
Development Fund, $135,684,000, to remain available until 
expended.

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

  For payment to the European Bank for Reconstruction and 
Development by the Secretary of the Treasury, $10,159 for the 
United States share of the paid-in portion of the increase in 
capital stock, to remain available until expended.

  contribution to the international fund for agricultural development

  For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the 
Treasury to increase the resources of the International Fund 
for Agricultural Development, $18,072,000, to remain available 
until expended.

                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
301 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and of section 2 of 
the United Nations Environment Program Participation Act of 
1973, $319,485,000.

                                TITLE VI


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


  COMPENSATION FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS TO INTERNATIONAL 
                         FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

  Sec. 601. (a) No funds appropriated in titles II through V of 
this Act may be made as payment to any international financial 
institution while the United States Executive Director to such 
institution is compensated by the institution at a rate which, 
together with whatever compensation such Director receives from 
the United States, is in excess of the rate provided for an 
individual occupying a position at level IV of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, or 
while any alternate United States Director to such institution 
is compensated by the institution at a rate in excess of the 
rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level V 
of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United 
States Code.
  (b) For purposes of this section ``international financial 
institutions'' are: the International Bank for Reconstruction 
and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian 
Development Bank, the Asian Development Fund, the African 
Development Bank, the African Development Fund, the 
International Monetary Fund, the North American Development 
Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

           RESTRICTION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS

  Sec. 602. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available under any title of this Act may be made available to 
make any assessed contribution or voluntary payment of the 
United States to the United Nations if the United Nations 
implements or imposes any taxation on any United States 
persons.

                    LIMITATION ON RESIDENCE EXPENSES

  Sec. 603. Of the funds appropriated or made available 
pursuant to title III of this Act, not to exceed $100,500 shall 
be for official residence expenses of the United States Agency 
for International Development during the current fiscal year: 
Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that, 
to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign 
currencies are utilized in lieu of dollars.

                      UNOBLIGATED BALANCES REPORT

  Sec. 604. Any Department or Agency to which funds are 
appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act shall 
provide to the Committees on Appropriations a quarterly 
accounting of cumulative balances by program, project, and 
activity of the funds received by such Department or Agency in 
this fiscal year or any previous fiscal year that remain 
unobligated and unexpended.

               LIMITATION ON REPRESENTATIONAL ALLOWANCES

  Sec. 605. Of the funds appropriated or made available 
pursuant to titles II through V of this Act, not to exceed 
$250,000 shall be available for representation and 
entertainment allowances, of which not to exceed $4,000 shall 
be available for entertainment allowances, for the United 
States Agency for International Development during the current 
fiscal year: Provided, That no such entertainment funds may be 
used for the purposes listed in section 648 of this Act: 
Provided further, That appropriate steps shall be taken to 
assure that, to the maximum extent possible, United States-
owned foreign currencies are utilized in lieu of dollars: 
Provided further, That of the funds made available by this Act 
for general costs of administering military assistance and 
sales under the heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'', 
not to exceed $4,000 shall be available for entertainment 
expenses and not to exceed $130,000 shall be available for 
representation allowances: Provided further, That of the funds 
made available by this Act under the heading ``International 
Military Education and Training'', not to exceed $55,000 shall 
be available for entertainment allowances: Provided further, 
That of the funds made available by this Act for the Inter-
American Foundation, not to exceed $3,000 shall be available 
for entertainment and representation allowances: Provided 
further, That of the funds made available by this Act for the 
Peace Corps, not to exceed a total of $4,000 shall be available 
for entertainment expenses: Provided further, That of the funds 
made available by this Act under the heading ``Trade and 
Development Agency'', not to exceed $4,000 shall be available 
for representation and entertainment allowances: Provided 
further, That of the funds made available by this Act under the 
heading ``Millennium Challenge Corporation'', not to exceed 
$115,000 shall be available for representation and 
entertainment allowances.

          PROHIBITION ON TAXATION OF UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE

  Sec. 606. (a) Prohibition on Taxation.--None of the funds 
appropriated under titles II through V of this Act may be made 
available to provide assistance for a foreign country under a 
new bilateral agreement governing the terms and conditions 
under which such assistance is to be provided unless such 
agreement includes a provision stating that assistance provided 
by the United States shall be exempt from taxation, or 
reimbursed, by the foreign government, and the Secretary of 
State shall expeditiously seek to negotiate amendments to 
existing bilateral agreements, as necessary, to conform with 
this requirement.
  (b) Reimbursement of Foreign Taxes.--An amount equivalent to 
200 percent of the total taxes assessed during fiscal year 2008 
on funds appropriated by this Act by a foreign government or 
entity against commodities financed under United States 
assistance programs for which funds are appropriated by this 
Act, either directly or through grantees, contractors and 
subcontractors shall be withheld from obligation from funds 
appropriated for assistance for fiscal year 2009 and allocated 
for the central government of such country and for the West 
Bank and Gaza Program to the extent that the Secretary of State 
certifies and reports in writing to the Committees on 
Appropriations that such taxes have not been reimbursed to the 
Government of the United States.
  (c) De Minimis Exception.--Foreign taxes of a de minimis 
nature shall not be subject to the provisions of subsection 
(b).
  (d) Reprogramming of Funds.--Funds withheld from obligation 
for each country or entity pursuant to subsection (b) shall be 
reprogrammed for assistance to countries which do not assess 
taxes on United States assistance or which have an effective 
arrangement that is providing substantial reimbursement of such 
taxes.
  (e) Determinations.--
          (1) The provisions of this section shall not apply to 
        any country or entity the Secretary of State 
        determines--
                  (A) does not assess taxes on United States 
                assistance or which has an effective 
                arrangement that is providing substantial 
                reimbursement of such taxes; or
                  (B) the foreign policy interests of the 
                United States outweigh the policy of this 
                section to ensure that United States assistance 
                is not subject to taxation.
          (2) The Secretary of State shall consult with the 
        Committees on Appropriations at least 15 days prior to 
        exercising the authority of this subsection with regard 
        to any country or entity.
  (f) Implementation.--The Secretary of State shall issue 
rules, regulations, or policy guidance, as appropriate, to 
implement the prohibition against the taxation of assistance 
contained in this section.
  (g) Definitions.--As used in this section--
          (1) the terms ``taxes'' and ``taxation'' refer to 
        value added taxes and customs duties imposed on 
        commodities financed with United States assistance for 
        programs for which funds are appropriated by this Act; 
        and
          (2) the term ``bilateral agreement'' refers to a 
        framework bilateral agreement between the Government of 
        the United States and the government of the country 
        receiving assistance that describes the privileges and 
        immunities applicable to United States foreign 
        assistance for such country generally, or an individual 
        agreement between the Government of the United States 
        and such government that describes, among other things, 
        the treatment for tax purposes that will be accorded 
        the United States assistance provided under that 
        agreement.

        PROHIBITION AGAINST DIRECT FUNDING FOR CERTAIN COUNTRIES

  Sec. 607. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available pursuant to this Act shall be obligated or expended 
to finance directly any assistance or reparations to Cuba, 
North Korea, Iran, or Syria: Provided, That for purposes of 
this section, the prohibition on obligations or expenditures 
shall include direct loans, credits, insurance and guarantees 
of the Export-Import Bank or its agents.

                             MILITARY COUPS

  Sec. 608. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available pursuant to titles II through V of this Act shall be 
obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance to the 
government of any country whose duly elected head of government 
is deposed by military coup or decree: Provided, That 
assistance may be resumed to such government if the President 
determines and certifies to the Committees on Appropriations 
that subsequent to the termination of assistance a 
democratically elected government has taken office: Provided 
further, That the provisions of this section shall not apply to 
assistance to promote democratic elections or public 
participation in democratic processes: Provided further, That 
funds made available pursuant to the previous provisos shall be 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.

                           TRANSFER AUTHORITY

  Sec. 609. (a) Department of State and Broadcasting Board of 
Governors.--Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made 
available for the current fiscal year for the Department of 
State under title I of this Act may be transferred between such 
appropriations, but no such appropriation, except as otherwise 
specifically provided, shall be increased by more than 10 
percent by any such transfers: Provided, That not to exceed 5 
percent of any appropriation made available for the current 
fiscal year for the Broadcasting Board of Governors under title 
I of this Act may be transferred between such appropriations, 
but no such appropriation, except as otherwise specifically 
provided, shall be increased by more than 10 percent by any 
such transfers: Provided further, That any transfer pursuant to 
this section shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under 
section 615 (a) and (b) of this Act and shall not be available 
for obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the 
procedures set forth in that section.
  (b) Export Financing Transfer Authorities.--Not to exceed 5 
percent of any appropriation other than for administrative 
expenses made available for fiscal year 2008, for programs 
under title II of this Act may be transferred between such 
appropriations for use for any of the purposes, programs, and 
activities for which the funds in such receiving account may be 
used, but no such appropriation, except as otherwise 
specifically provided, shall be increased by more than 25 
percent by any such transfer: Provided, That the exercise of 
such authority shall be subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
  (c)(1) Limitation on Transfers Between Agencies.--None of the 
funds made available under titles II through V of this Act may 
be transferred to any department, agency, or instrumentality of 
the United States Government, except pursuant to a transfer 
made by, or transfer authority provided in, this Act or any 
other appropriation Act.
  (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in addition to transfers 
made by, or authorized elsewhere in, this Act, funds 
appropriated by this Act to carry out the purposes of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be allocated or transferred 
to agencies of the United States Government pursuant to the 
provisions of sections 109, 610, and 632 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961.
  (d) Transfers Between Accounts.--None of the funds made 
available under titles II through V of this Act may be 
obligated under an appropriation account to which they were not 
appropriated, except for transfers specifically provided for in 
this Act, unless the President provides notification in 
accordance with the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.
  (e) Audit of Inter-Agency Transfers.--Any agreement for the 
transfer or allocation of funds appropriated by this Act, or 
prior Acts, entered into between the United States Agency for 
International Development and another agency of the United 
States Government under the authority of section 632(a) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or any comparable provision of 
law, shall expressly provide that the Office of the Inspector 
General for the agency receiving the transfer or allocation of 
such funds shall perform periodic program and financial audits 
of the use of such funds: Provided, That funds transferred 
under such authority may be made available for the cost of such 
audits.

                 COMMERCIAL LEASING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES

  Sec. 610. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations, the authority of section 23(a) of 
the Arms Export Control Act may be used to provide financing to 
Israel, Egypt and NATO and major non-NATO allies for the 
procurement by leasing (including leasing with an option to 
purchase) of defense articles from United States commercial 
suppliers, not including Major Defense Equipment (other than 
helicopters and other types of aircraft having possible 
civilian application), if the President determines that there 
are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons for 
those defense articles being provided by commercial lease 
rather than by government-to-government sale under such Act.

                         AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS

  Sec. 611. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act 
shall remain available for obligation after the expiration of 
the current fiscal year unless expressly so provided in this 
Act: Provided, That funds appropriated for the purposes of 
chapters 1, 8, 11, and 12 of part I, section 661, section 667, 
chapters 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9 of part II of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, and 
funds provided under the headings ``Assistance for Eastern 
Europe and the Baltic States'' and ``Development Credit 
Authority'', shall remain available for an additional 4 years 
from the date on which the availability of such funds would 
otherwise have expired, if such funds are initially obligated 
before the expiration of their respective periods of 
availability contained in this Act: Provided further, That, 
notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, any funds made 
available for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 
of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 which are 
allocated or obligated for cash disbursements in order to 
address balance of payments or economic policy reform 
objectives, shall remain available until expended.

            LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT

  Sec. 612. No part of any appropriation provided under titles 
II through V in this Act shall be used to furnish assistance to 
the government of any country which is in default during a 
period in excess of one calendar year in payment to the United 
States of principal or interest on any loan made to the 
government of such country by the United States pursuant to a 
program for which funds are appropriated under this Act unless 
the President determines, following consultations with the 
Committees on Appropriations, that assistance to such country 
is in the national interest of the United States.

                           COMMERCE AND TRADE

  Sec. 613. (a) None of the funds appropriated or made 
available pursuant to titles II through V of this Act for 
direct assistance and none of the funds otherwise made 
available to the Export-Import Bank and the Overseas Private 
Investment Corporation shall be obligated or expended to 
finance any loan, any assistance or any other financial 
commitments for establishing or expanding production of any 
commodity for export by any country other than the United 
States, if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on world 
markets at the time the resulting productive capacity is 
expected to become operative and if the assistance will cause 
substantial injury to United States producers of the same, 
similar, or competing commodity: Provided, That such 
prohibition shall not apply to the Export-Import Bank if in the 
judgment of its Board of Directors the benefits to industry and 
employment in the United States are likely to outweigh the 
injury to United States producers of the same, similar, or 
competing commodity, and the Chairman of the Board so notifies 
the Committees on Appropriations.
  (b) None of the funds appropriated by this or any other Act 
to carry out chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 shall be available for any testing or breeding 
feasibility study, variety improvement or introduction, 
consultancy, publication, conference, or training in connection 
with the growth or production in a foreign country of an 
agricultural commodity for export which would compete with a 
similar commodity grown or produced in the United States: 
Provided, That this subsection shall not prohibit--
          (1) activities designed to increase food security in 
        developing countries where such activities will not 
        have a significant impact on the export of agricultural 
        commodities of the United States; or
          (2) research activities intended primarily to benefit 
        American producers.

                          SURPLUS COMMODITIES

  Sec. 614. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the 
United States Executive Directors of the International Bank for 
Reconstruction and Development, the International Development 
Association, the International Finance Corporation, the Inter-
American Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the 
Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment 
Corporation, the North American Development Bank, the European 
Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the African 
Development Bank, and the African Development Fund to use the 
voice and vote of the United States to oppose any assistance by 
these institutions, using funds appropriated or made available 
pursuant to titles II through V of this Act, for the production 
or extraction of any commodity or mineral for export, if it is 
in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will cause 
substantial injury to United States producers of the same, 
similar, or competing commodity.

                REPROGRAMMING NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

  Sec. 615. (a) None of the funds made available in title I of 
this Act, or in prior appropriations Acts to the agencies and 
departments funded by this Act that remain available for 
obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2008, or provided from 
any accounts in the Treasury of the United States derived by 
the collection of fees or of currency reflows or other 
offsetting collections, or made available by transfer, to the 
agencies and departments funded by this Act, shall be available 
for obligation or expenditure through a reprogramming of funds 
that: (1) creates new programs; (2) eliminates a program, 
project, or activity; (3) increases funds or personnel by any 
means for any project or activity for which funds have been 
denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office or employees; (5) 
closes or opens a mission or post; (6) reorganizes or renames 
offices; (7) reorganizes programs or activities; or (8) 
contracts out or privatizes any functions or activities 
presently performed by Federal employees; unless the Committees 
on Appropriations are notified 15 days in advance of such 
reprogramming of funds.
  (b) For the purposes of providing the executive branch with 
the necessary administrative flexibility, none of the funds 
provided under title I of this Act, or provided under previous 
appropriations Acts to the agencies or department funded under 
title I of this Act that remain available for obligation or 
expenditure in fiscal year 2008, or provided from any accounts 
in the Treasury of the United States derived by the collection 
of fees available to the agencies or department funded by title 
I of this Act, shall be available for obligation or expenditure 
for activities, programs, or projects through a reprogramming 
of funds in excess of $750,000 or 10 percent, whichever is 
less, that: (1) augments existing programs, projects, or 
activities; (2) reduces by 10 percent funding for any existing 
program, project, or activity, or numbers of personnel by 10 
percent as approved by Congress; or (3) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
activities, or projects as approved by Congress; unless the 
Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 days in advance of 
such reprogramming of funds.
  (c) For the purposes of providing the executive branch with 
the necessary administrative flexibility, none of the funds 
made available under titles II through V of this Act for 
``Global Health and Child Survival'', ``Development 
Assistance'', ``International Organizations and Programs'', 
``Trade and Development Agency'', ``International Narcotics 
Control and Law Enforcement'', ``Andean Counterdrug Programs'', 
``Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States'', 
``Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union'', ``Economic Support Fund'', ``Democracy Fund'', 
``Peacekeeping Operations'', ``Capital Investment Fund'', 
``Operating Expenses of the United States Agency for 
International Development'', ``Operating Expenses of the United 
States Agency for International Development Office of Inspector 
General'', ``Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and 
Related Programs'', ``Millennium Challenge Corporation'' (by 
country only), ``Foreign Military Financing Program'', 
``International Military Education and Training'', ``Peace 
Corps'', and ``Migration and Refugee Assistance'', shall be 
available for obligation for activities, programs, projects, 
type of materiel assistance, countries, or other operations not 
justified or in excess of the amount justified to the 
Committees on Appropriations for obligation under any of these 
specific headings unless the Committees on Appropriations of 
both Houses of Congress are previously notified 15 days in 
advance: Provided, That the President shall not enter into any 
commitment of funds appropriated for the purposes of section 23 
of the Arms Export Control Act for the provision of major 
defense equipment, other than conventional ammunition, or other 
major defense items defined to be aircraft, ships, missiles, or 
combat vehicles, not previously justified to Congress or 20 
percent in excess of the quantities justified to Congress 
unless the Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 days in 
advance of such commitment: Provided further, That this 
subsection shall not apply to any reprogramming for an 
activity, program, or project for which funds are appropriated 
under titles III or IV of this Act of less than 10 percent of 
the amount previously justified to the Congress for obligation 
for such activity, program, or project for the current fiscal 
year.
  (d) The requirements of this section or any similar provision 
of this Act or any other Act, including any prior Act requiring 
notification in accordance with the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, may be waived 
if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human 
health or welfare: Provided, That in case of any such waiver, 
notification to the Congress, or the appropriate congressional 
committees, shall be provided as early as practicable, but in 
no event later than 3 days after taking the action to which 
such notification requirement was applicable, in the context of 
the circumstances necessitating such waiver: Provided further, 
That any notification provided pursuant to such a waiver shall 
contain an explanation of the emergency circumstances.

LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND 
                                PROGRAMS

  Sec. 616. Subject to the regular notification procedures of 
the Committees on Appropriations, funds appropriated under 
titles II through V of this Act or any previously enacted Act 
making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs, which are returned or not made available 
for organizations and programs because of the implementation of 
section 307(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, shall 
remain available for obligation until September 30, 2009: 
Provided, That section 307(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 is amended by striking ``Libya,''.

             INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

  Sec. 617. (a) None of the funds appropriated under the 
heading ``Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
Soviet Union'' shall be made available for assistance for a 
government of an Independent State of the former Soviet Union 
if that government directs any action in violation of the 
territorial integrity or national sovereignty of any other 
Independent State of the former Soviet Union, such as those 
violations included in the Helsinki Final Act: Provided, That 
such funds may be made available without regard to the 
restriction in this subsection if the President determines that 
to do so is in the national security interest of the United 
States.
  (b) None of the funds appropriated under the heading 
``Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union'' shall be made available for any state to enhance its 
military capability: Provided, That this restriction does not 
apply to demilitarization, demining or nonproliferation 
programs.
  (c) Funds appropriated under the heading ``Assistance for the 
Independent States of the Former Soviet Union'' for the Russian 
Federation, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan shall be 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.
  (d) Funds made available in this Act for assistance for the 
Independent States of the former Soviet Union shall be subject 
to the provisions of section 117 (relating to environment and 
natural resources) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
  (e)(1) Of the funds appropriated under the heading 
``Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union'' that are allocated for assistance for the Government of 
the Russian Federation, 60 percent shall be withheld from 
obligation until the President determines and certifies in 
writing to the Committees on Appropriations that the Government 
of the Russian Federation--
          (A) has terminated implementation of arrangements to 
        provide Iran with technical expertise, training, 
        technology, or equipment necessary to develop a nuclear 
        reactor, related nuclear research facilities or 
        programs, or ballistic missile capability; and
          (B) is providing full access to international non-
        government organizations providing humanitarian relief 
        to refugees and internally displaced persons in 
        Chechnya.
  (2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--
          (A) assistance to combat infectious diseases, child 
        survival activities, or assistance for victims of 
        trafficking in persons; and
          (B) activities authorized under title V 
        (Nonproliferation and Disarmament Programs and 
        Activities) of the FREEDOM Support Act.
  (f) Section 907 of the FREEDOM Support Act shall not apply 
to--
          (1) activities to support democracy or assistance 
        under title V of the FREEDOM Support Act and section 
        1424 of Public Law 104-201 or non-proliferation 
        assistance;
          (2) any assistance provided by the Trade and 
        Development Agency under section 661 of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2421);
          (3) any activity carried out by a member of the 
        United States and Foreign Commercial Service while 
        acting within his or her official capacity;
          (4) any insurance, reinsurance, guarantee or other 
        assistance provided by the Overseas Private Investment 
        Corporation under title IV of chapter 2 of part I of 
        the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2191 et 
        seq.);
          (5) any financing provided under the Export-Import 
        Bank Act of 1945; or
          (6) humanitarian assistance.

   PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR ABORTIONS AND INVOLUNTARY STERILIZATION

  Sec. 618. None of the funds made available to carry out part 
I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be 
used to pay for the performance of abortions as a method of 
family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice 
abortions. None of the funds made available to carry out part I 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used 
to pay for the performance of involuntary sterilization as a 
method of family planning or to coerce or provide any financial 
incentive to any person to undergo sterilizations. None of the 
funds made available to carry out part I of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for any 
biomedical research which relates in whole or in part, to 
methods of, or the performance of, abortions or involuntary 
sterilization as a means of family planning. None of the funds 
made available to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, as amended, may be obligated or expended for any 
country or organization if the President certifies that the use 
of these funds by any such country or organization would 
violate any of the above provisions related to abortions and 
involuntary sterilizations.

                              ALLOCATIONS

  Sec. 619. (a) Funds provided in this Act for the following 
accounts shall be made available for programs and countries in 
the amounts contained in the respective tables included in the 
explanatory statement described in section 4 (in the matter 
preceding division A of this consolidated Act) accompanying 
this Act:
          ``Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs''.
          ``American Sections, International Commissions''.
          ``International Broadcasting Operations''.
          ``Global Health and Child Survival''.
          ``Economic Support Fund''.
          ``Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic 
        States''.
          ``Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
        Soviet Union''.
          ``Democracy Fund''.
          ``International Narcotics Control and Law 
        Enforcement''.
          ``Andean Counterdrug Programs''.
          ``Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and 
        Related Programs''.
          ``Foreign Military Financing Program''.
          ``Peacekeeping Operations''.
          ``International Organizations and Programs''.
  (b) Any proposed increases or decreases to the amounts 
contained in such tables in the explanatory statement described 
in section 4 (in the matter preceding division A of this 
consolidated Act) shall be subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations and section 634A 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

                   SPECIAL NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

  Sec. 620. None of the funds appropriated under titles II 
through V of this Act shall be obligated or expended for 
assistance for Serbia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Cuba, Iran, 
Haiti, Libya, Ethiopia, Mexico, Nepal, or Cambodia except as 
provided through the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.

              DEFINITION OF PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY

  Sec. 621. For the purpose of titles II through V of this Act 
``program, project, and activity'' shall be defined at the 
appropriations Act account level and shall include all 
appropriations and authorizations Acts funding directives, 
ceilings, and limitations with the exception that for the 
following accounts: ``Economic Support Fund'' and ``Foreign 
Military Financing Program'', ``program, project, and 
activity'' shall also be considered to include country, 
regional, and central program level funding within each such 
account; for the development assistance accounts of the United 
States Agency for International Development ``program, project, 
and activity'' shall also be considered to include central, 
country, regional, and program level funding, either as: (1) 
justified to the Congress; or (2) allocated by the executive 
branch in accordance with a report, to be provided to the 
Committees on Appropriations within 30 days of the enactment of 
this Act, as required by section 653(a) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961.

              GLOBAL HEALTH AND CHILD SURVIVAL ACTIVITIES

  Sec. 622. Up to $13,500,000 of the funds made available by 
this Act in title III for assistance under the heading ``Global 
Health and Child Survival'', may be used to reimburse United 
States Government agencies, agencies of State governments, 
institutions of higher learning, and private and voluntary 
organizations for the full cost of individuals (including for 
the personal services of such individuals) detailed or assigned 
to, or contracted by, as the case may be, the United States 
Agency for International Development for the purpose of 
carrying out activities under that heading: Provided, That up 
to $3,500,000 of the funds made available by this Act for 
assistance under the heading ``Development Assistance'' may be 
used to reimburse such agencies, institutions, and 
organizations for such costs of such individuals carrying out 
other development assistance activities: Provided further, That 
funds appropriated by titles III and IV of this Act that are 
made available for bilateral assistance for child survival 
activities or disease programs including activities relating to 
research on, and the prevention, treatment and control of, HIV/
AIDS may be made available notwithstanding any other provision 
of law except for the provisions under the heading ``Global 
Health and Child Survival'' and the United States Leadership 
Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (117 
Stat. 711; 22 U.S.C. 7601 et seq.), as amended: Provided 
further, That of the funds appropriated under title III of this 
Act, not less than $461,000,000 shall be made available for 
family planning/reproductive health.

                              AFGHANISTAN

  Sec. 623. Of the funds appropriated under titles III and IV 
of this Act, not less than $1,057,050,000 should be made 
available for assistance for Afghanistan: Provided, That of the 
funds made available pursuant to this section, $3,000,000 
should be made available for reforestation activities: Provided 
further, That funds made available pursuant to the previous 
proviso should be matched, to the maximum extent possible, with 
contributions from American and Afghan businesses: Provided 
further, That of the funds allocated for assistance for 
Afghanistan from this Act not less than $75,000,000 shall be 
made available to support programs that directly address the 
needs of Afghan women and girls, including for the Afghan 
Independent Human Rights Commission, the Afghan Ministry of 
Women's Affairs, and for women-led nonprofit organizations in 
Afghanistan: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated 
by this Act that are available for Afghanistan, $20,000,000 
should be made available through United States universities to 
develop agriculture extension services for Afghan farmers, 
$2,000,000 should be made available for a United States 
contribution to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization/
International Security Assistance Force Post-Operations 
Humanitarian Relief Fund, and not less than $10,000,000 should 
be made available for continued support of the United States 
Agency for International Development's Afghan Civilian 
Assistance Program.

                NOTIFICATION ON EXCESS DEFENSE EQUIPMENT

  Sec. 624. Prior to providing excess Department of Defense 
articles in accordance with section 516(a) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, the Department of Defense shall notify 
the Committees on Appropriations to the same extent and under 
the same conditions as are other committees pursuant to 
subsection (f) of that section: Provided, That before issuing a 
letter of offer to sell excess defense articles under the Arms 
Export Control Act, the Department of Defense shall notify the 
Committees on Appropriations in accordance with the regular 
notification procedures of such Committees if such defense 
articles are significant military equipment (as defined in 
section 47(9) of the Arms Export Control Act) or are valued (in 
terms of original acquisition cost) at $7,000,000 or more, or 
if notification is required elsewhere in this Act for the use 
of appropriated funds for specific countries that would receive 
such excess defense articles: Provided further, That such 
Committees shall also be informed of the original acquisition 
cost of such defense articles.

                         GLOBAL FUND MANAGEMENT

  Sec. 625. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
Act, 20 percent of the funds that are appropriated by this Act 
for a contribution to support the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, 
Tuberculosis and Malaria (the ``Global Fund'') shall be 
withheld from obligation to the Global Fund until the Secretary 
of State certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the 
Global Fund--
          (1) is releasing incremental disbursements only if 
        grantees demonstrate progress against clearly defined 
        performance indicators;
          (2) is providing support and oversight to country-
        level entities, such as country coordinating 
        mechanisms, principal recipients, and Local Fund Agents 
        (LFAs), to enable them to fulfill their mandates;
          (3) has a full-time, professional, independent Office 
        of Inspector General that is fully operational;
          (4) requires LFAs to assess whether a principal 
        recipient has the capacity to oversee the activities of 
        sub-recipients;
          (5) is making progress toward implementing a 
        reporting system that breaks down grantee budget 
        allocations by programmatic activity;
          (6) has adopted and is implementing a policy to 
        publish on a publicly available website the reports of 
        the Global Fund's Inspector General in a manner that is 
        consistent with the Policy for Disclosure of Reports of 
        the Inspector General as approved at the 16th Meeting 
        of the Board of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, 
        Tuberculosis and Malaria; and
          (7) is tracking and encouraging the involvement of 
        civil society, including faith-based organizations, in 
        country coordinating mechanisms and program 
        implementation.
  (b) The Secretary of State shall submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations not later than 120 days after 
enactment of this Act on the involvement of faith-based 
organizations in Global Fund programs. The report shall 
include--
          (1) on a country-by-country basis--
                  (A) a description of the amount of grants and 
                sub-grants provided to faith-based 
                organizations; and
                  (B) a detailed description of the involvement 
                of faith-based organizations in the Country 
                Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) process of the 
                Global Fund; and
          (2) a description of actions the Global Fund is 
        taking to enhance the involvement of faith-based 
        organizations in the CCM process, particularly in 
        countries in which the involvement of faith-based 
        organizations has been underrepresented.

       PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES

  Sec. 626. (a) Funds appropriated for bilateral assistance 
under any heading of this Act and funds appropriated under any 
such heading in a provision of law enacted prior to the 
enactment of this Act, shall not be made available to any 
country which the President determines--
          (1) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any 
        individual or group which has committed an act of 
        international terrorism; or
          (2) otherwise supports international terrorism.
  (b) The President may waive the application of subsection (a) 
to a country if the President determines that national security 
or humanitarian reasons justify such waiver. The President 
shall publish each waiver in the Federal Register and, at least 
15 days before the waiver takes effect, shall notify the 
Committees on Appropriations of the waiver (including the 
justification for the waiver) in accordance with the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                          DEBT-FOR-DEVELOPMENT

  Sec. 627. In order to enhance the continued participation of 
nongovernmental organizations in debt-for-development and debt-
for-nature exchanges, a nongovernmental organization which is a 
grantee or contractor of the United States Agency for 
International Development may place in interest bearing 
accounts local currencies which accrue to that organization as 
a result of economic assistance provided under title III of 
this Act and, subject to the regular notification procedures of 
the Committees on Appropriations, any interest earned on such 
investment shall be used for the purpose for which the 
assistance was provided to that organization.

                           SEPARATE ACCOUNTS

  Sec. 628. (a) Separate Accounts for Local Currencies.--
          (1) If assistance is furnished to the government of a 
        foreign country under chapters 1 and 10 of part I or 
        chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 under agreements which result in the generation of 
        local currencies of that country, the Administrator of 
        the United States Agency for International Development 
        shall--
                  (A) require that local currencies be 
                deposited in a separate account established by 
                that government;
                  (B) enter into an agreement with that 
                government which sets forth--
                          (i) the amount of the local 
                        currencies to be generated; and
                          (ii) the terms and conditions under 
                        which the currencies so deposited may 
                        be utilized, consistent with this 
                        section; and
                  (C) establish by agreement with that 
                government the responsibilities of the United 
                States Agency for International Development and 
                that government to monitor and account for 
                deposits into and disbursements from the 
                separate account.
          (2) Uses of local currencies.--As may be agreed upon 
        with the foreign government, local currencies deposited 
        in a separate account pursuant to subsection (a), or an 
        equivalent amount of local currencies, shall be used 
        only--
                  (A) to carry out chapter 1 or 10 of part I or 
                chapter 4 of part II (as the case may be), for 
                such purposes as--
                          (i) project and sector assistance 
                        activities; or
                          (ii) debt and deficit financing; or
                  (B) for the administrative requirements of 
                the United States Government.
          (3) Programming accountability.--The United States 
        Agency for International Development shall take all 
        necessary steps to ensure that the equivalent of the 
        local currencies disbursed pursuant to subsection 
        (a)(2)(A) from the separate account established 
        pursuant to subsection (a)(1) are used for the purposes 
        agreed upon pursuant to subsection (a)(2).
          (4) Termination of assistance programs.--Upon 
        termination of assistance to a country under chapter 1 
        or 10 of part I or chapter 4 of part II (as the case 
        may be), any unencumbered balances of funds which 
        remain in a separate account established pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall be disposed of for such purposes 
        as may be agreed to by the government of that country 
        and the United States Government.
          (5) Reporting requirement.--The Administrator of the 
        United States Agency for International Development 
        shall report on an annual basis as part of the 
        justification documents submitted to the Committees on 
        Appropriations on the use of local currencies for the 
        administrative requirements of the United States 
        Government as authorized in subsection (a)(2)(B), and 
        such report shall include the amount of local currency 
        (and United States dollar equivalent) used and/or to be 
        used for such purpose in each applicable country.
  (b) Separate Accounts for Cash Transfers.--
          (1) If assistance is made available to the government 
        of a foreign country, under chapter 1 or 10 of part I 
        or chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act 
        of 1961, as cash transfer assistance or as nonproject 
        sector assistance, that country shall be required to 
        maintain such funds in a separate account and not 
        commingle them with any other funds.
          (2) Applicability of other provisions of law.--Such 
        funds may be obligated and expended notwithstanding 
        provisions of law which are inconsistent with the 
        nature of this assistance including provisions which 
        are referenced in the Joint Explanatory Statement of 
        the Committee of Conference accompanying House Joint 
        Resolution 648 (House Report No. 98-1159).
          (3) Notification.--At least 15 days prior to 
        obligating any such cash transfer or nonproject sector 
        assistance, the President shall submit a notification 
        through the regular notification procedures of the 
        Committees on Appropriations, which shall include a 
        detailed description of how the funds proposed to be 
        made available will be used, with a discussion of the 
        United States interests that will be served by the 
        assistance (including, as appropriate, a description of 
        the economic policy reforms that will be promoted by 
        such assistance).
          (4) Exemption.--Nonproject sector assistance funds 
        may be exempt from the requirements of subsection 
        (b)(1) only through the notification procedures of the 
        Committees on Appropriations.

                      ENTERPRISE FUND RESTRICTIONS

  Sec. 629. (a) Prior to the distribution of any assets 
resulting from any liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of 
an Enterprise Fund, in whole or in part, the President shall 
submit to the Committees on Appropriations, in accordance with 
the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations, a plan for the distribution of the assets of 
the Enterprise Fund.
  (b) Funds made available under titles II through V of this 
Act for Enterprise Funds shall be expended at the minimum rate 
necessary to make timely payment for projects and activities.

                      FINANCIAL MARKET ASSISTANCE

  Sec. 630. Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
headings ``Trade and Development Agency'', ``Development 
Assistance'', ``Transition Initiatives'', ``Economic Support 
Fund'', ``International Affairs Technical Assistance'', 
``Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union'', ``Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and 
Related Programs'', and ``Assistance for Eastern Europe and 
Baltic States'', not less than $40,000,000 should be made 
available for building capital markets and financial systems in 
countries eligible to receive United States assistance.

AUTHORITIES FOR THE PEACE CORPS, INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION AND AFRICAN 
                         DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

  Sec. 631. Unless expressly provided to the contrary, 
provisions of this or any other Act, including provisions 
contained in prior Acts authorizing or making appropriations 
for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs, 
shall not be construed to prohibit activities authorized by or 
conducted under the Peace Corps Act, the Inter-American 
Foundation Act or the African Development Foundation Act. The 
agency shall promptly report to the Committees on 
Appropriations whenever it is conducting activities or is 
proposing to conduct activities in a country for which 
assistance is prohibited.

                  IMPACT ON JOBS IN THE UNITED STATES

  Sec. 632. None of the funds appropriated under titles II 
through V of this Act may be obligated or expended to provide--
          (1) any financial incentive to a business enterprise 
        currently located in the United States for the purpose 
        of inducing such an enterprise to relocate outside the 
        United States if such incentive or inducement is likely 
        to reduce the number of employees of such business 
        enterprise in the United States because United States 
        production is being replaced by such enterprise outside 
        the United States; or
          (2) assistance for any program, project, or activity 
        that contributes to the violation of internationally 
        recognized workers rights, as defined in section 507(4) 
        of the Trade Act of 1974, of workers in the recipient 
        country, including any designated zone or area in that 
        country: Provided, That the application of section 
        507(4)(D) and (E) of such Act should be commensurate 
        with the level of development of the recipient country 
        and sector, and shall not preclude assistance for the 
        informal sector in such country, micro and small-scale 
        enterprise, and smallholder agriculture.

                   COMPREHENSIVE EXPENDITURES REPORT

  Sec. 633. Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations detailing the total amount of 
United States Government expenditures in fiscal years 2005 and 
2006, by Federal agency, for programs and activities in each 
foreign country, identifying the line item as presented in the 
President's Budget Appendix and the purpose for which the funds 
were provided: Provided, That if required, information may be 
submitted in classified form.

                          SPECIAL AUTHORITIES

  Sec. 634. (a) Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Lebanon, 
Montenegro, Victims of War, Displaced Children, and Displaced 
Burmese.--Funds appropriated under titles II through V of this 
Act that are made available for assistance for Afghanistan may 
be made available notwithstanding section 612 of this Act or 
any similar provision of law and section 660 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, and funds appropriated in titles II and 
III of this Act that are made available for Iraq, Lebanon, 
Montenegro, Pakistan, and for victims of war, displaced 
children, and displaced Burmese, and to assist victims of 
trafficking in persons and, subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, to combat such 
trafficking, may be made available notwithstanding any other 
provision of law.
  (b) Tropical Forestry and Biodiversity Conservation 
Activities.--Funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the 
provisions of sections 103 through 106, and chapter 4 of part 
II, of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used, 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the purpose of 
supporting tropical forestry and biodiversity conservation 
activities and energy programs aimed at reducing greenhouse gas 
emissions: Provided, That such assistance shall be subject to 
sections 116, 502B, and 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961.
  (c) Personal Services Contractors.--Funds appropriated by 
this Act to carry out chapter 1 of part I, chapter 4 of part 
II, and section 667 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and 
title II of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance 
Act of 1954, may be used by the United States Agency for 
International Development to employ up to 25 personal services 
contractors in the United States, notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, for the purpose of providing direct, interim 
support for new or expanded overseas programs and activities 
managed by the agency until permanent direct hire personnel are 
hired and trained: Provided, That not more than 10 of such 
contractors shall be assigned to any bureau or office: Provided 
further, That such funds appropriated to carry out title II of 
the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, 
may be made available only for personal services contractors 
assigned to the Office of Food for Peace.
  (d)(1) Waiver.--The President may waive the provisions of 
section 1003 of Public Law 100-204 if the President determines 
and certifies in writing to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate 
that it is important to the national security interests of the 
United States.
  (2) Period of Application of Waiver.--Any waiver pursuant to 
paragraph (1) shall be effective for no more than a period of 6 
months at a time and shall not apply beyond 12 months after the 
enactment of this Act.
  (e) Small Business.--In entering into multiple award 
indefinite-quantity contracts with funds appropriated by this 
Act, the United States Agency for International Development may 
provide an exception to the fair opportunity process for 
placing task orders under such contracts when the order is 
placed with any category of small or small disadvantaged 
business.
  (f) Vietnamese Refugees.--Section 594(a) of the Foreign 
Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (enacted as division D of Public Law 
108-447; 118 Stat. 3038) is amended by striking ``2007'' and 
inserting ``2009''.
  (g) Reconstituting Civilian Police Authority.--In providing 
assistance with funds appropriated by this Act under section 
660(b)(6) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, support for a 
nation emerging from instability may be deemed to mean support 
for regional, district, municipal, or other sub-national entity 
emerging from instability, as well as a nation emerging from 
instability.
  (h) China Programs.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, of the funds appropriated under the heading ``Development 
Assistance'' in this Act, not less than $10,000,000 shall be 
made available to United States educational institutions and 
nongovernmental organizations for programs and activities in 
the People's Republic of China relating to the environment, 
democracy, and the rule of law: Provided, That funds made 
available pursuant to this authority shall be subject to the 
regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations.
  (i) Middle East Foundation.--Funds appropriated by this Act 
and prior Acts for a Middle East Foundation shall be subject to 
the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations.
  (j) Extension of Authority.--Section 1365(c) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-
484; 22 U.S.C. 2778 note) is amended by striking ``During the 
16 year period beginning on October 23, 1992'' and inserting 
``During the 22 year period beginning on October 23, 1992'' 
before the period at the end.
  (k) Extension of Authority.--The Foreign Operations, Export 
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 
(Public Law 101-167) is amended--
          (1) in section 599D (8 U.S.C. 1157 note)--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``and 
                2007'' and inserting ``2007, and 2008''; and
                  (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``2007'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``2008''; 
                and
          (2) in section 599E (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) in 
        subsection (b)(2), by striking ``2007'' and inserting 
        ``2008''.
  (l) World Food Program.--Of the funds managed by the Bureau 
for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance of the 
United States Agency for International Development, from this 
or any other Act, not less than $10,000,000 shall be made 
available as a general contribution to the World Food Program, 
notwithstanding any other provision of law.
  (m) Capital Security Cost-Sharing.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, of the funds appropriated under the heading 
``Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance'', not less 
than $2,000,000 shall be made available for the Capital 
Security Cost-Sharing fees of the Library of Congress.
  (n) Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, regulation or 
Executive order, funds appropriated by this Act and prior Acts 
making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs under the headings ``Economic Support 
Fund'', ``Peacekeeping Operations'', ``International Disaster 
Assistance'', and ``Transition Initiatives'' should be made 
available to support programs to disarm, demobilize, and 
reintegrate into civilian society former members of foreign 
terrorist organizations: Provided, That the Secretary of State 
shall consult with the Committees on Appropriations prior to 
the obligation of funds pursuant to this subsection: Provided 
further, That for the purposes of this subsection, 
``International Disaster Assistance'' may also mean 
``International Disaster and Famine Assistance'': Provided 
further, That for the purposes of this subsection the term 
``foreign terrorist organization'' means an organization 
designated as a terrorist organization under section 219 of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act.
  (o) Nongovernmental Organizations.--With respect to the 
provision of assistance for democracy, human rights and 
governance activities, the organizations implementing such 
assistance and the specific nature of that assistance shall not 
be subject to the prior approval by the government of any 
foreign country.
  (p) Prison Conditions.--Funds appropriated by this Act to 
carry out the provisions of chapters 1 and 11 of part I and 
chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and 
the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989, may 
be used to provide assistance to improve conditions in prison 
facilities administered by foreign governments, including among 
other things, activities to improve prison sanitation and 
ensure the availability of adequate food, drinking water and 
medical care for prisoners: Provided, That assistance made 
available under this subsection may be made available 
notwithstanding section 660 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961, and subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.
  (q) Program for Research and Training on Eastern Europe and 
the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union.--Of the 
funds appropriated by this Act under the heading, ``Economic 
Support Fund'', not less than $5,000,000 shall be made 
available to carry out the Program for Research and Training on 
Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union (title VIII) as authorized by the Soviet-Eastern European 
Research and Training Act of 1983 (22 U.S.C. 4501-4508, as 
amended).
  (r) Broadcasting Board of Governors Authority.--Section 
504(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
2003 (Public Law 107-228; 22 U.S.C. 6206 note) is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2007'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2008''.
  (s) Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue Authority.--Section 
109(c) of Public Law 98-164 is amended by striking ``$50,000'' 
and inserting ``$100,000''.
  (t) OPIC Authority.--Notwithstanding section 235(a)(2) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2195(a)(2)), the 
authority of subsections (a) through (c) of section 234 of such 
Act shall remain in effect through April 1, 2008.

                     ARAB LEAGUE BOYCOTT OF ISRAEL

  Sec. 635. It is the sense of the Congress that--
          (1) the Arab League boycott of Israel, and the 
        secondary boycott of American firms that have 
        commercial ties with Israel, is an impediment to peace 
        in the region and to United States investment and trade 
        in the Middle East and North Africa;
          (2) the Arab League boycott, which was regrettably 
        reinstated in 1997, should be immediately and publicly 
        terminated, and the Central Office for the Boycott of 
        Israel immediately disbanded;
          (3) all Arab League states should normalize relations 
        with their neighbor Israel;
          (4) the President and the Secretary of State should 
        continue to vigorously oppose the Arab League boycott 
        of Israel and find concrete steps to demonstrate that 
        opposition by, for example, taking into consideration 
        the participation of any recipient country in the 
        boycott when determining to sell weapons to said 
        country; and
          (5) the President should report to Congress annually 
        on specific steps being taken by the United States to 
        encourage Arab League states to normalize their 
        relations with Israel to bring about the termination of 
        the Arab League boycott of Israel, including those to 
        encourage allies and trading partners of the United 
        States to enact laws prohibiting businesses from 
        complying with the boycott and penalizing businesses 
        that do comply.

                       ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE

  Sec. 636. (a) Assistance Through Nongovernmental 
Organizations.--Restrictions contained under titles II through 
V of this or any other Act with respect to assistance for a 
country shall not be construed to restrict assistance in 
support of programs of nongovernmental organizations from funds 
appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of 
chapters 1, 10, 11, and 12 of part I and chapter 4 of part II 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and from funds 
appropriated under the heading ``Assistance for Eastern Europe 
and the Baltic States'': Provided, That before using the 
authority of this subsection to furnish assistance in support 
of programs of nongovernmental organizations, the President 
shall notify the Committees on Appropriations under the regular 
notification procedures of those committees, including a 
description of the program to be assisted, the assistance to be 
provided, and the reasons for furnishing such assistance: 
Provided further, That nothing in this subsection shall be 
construed to alter any existing statutory prohibitions against 
abortion or involuntary sterilizations contained in this or any 
other Act.
  (b) Public Law 480.--During fiscal year 2008, restrictions 
contained in this or any other Act with respect to assistance 
for a country shall not be construed to restrict assistance 
under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 
1954: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated to carry 
out title I of such Act and made available pursuant to this 
subsection may be obligated or expended except as provided 
through the regular notification procedures of the Committees 
on Appropriations.
  (c) Exception.--This section shall not apply--
          (1) with respect to section 620A of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 or any comparable provision of 
        law prohibiting assistance to countries that support 
        international terrorism; or
          (2) with respect to section 116 of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 or any comparable provision of 
        law prohibiting assistance to the government of a 
        country that violates internationally recognized human 
        rights.

                         RESERVATIONS OF FUNDS

  Sec. 637. (a) Funds appropriated under titles II through V of 
this Act which are specifically designated may be reprogrammed 
for other programs within the same account notwithstanding the 
designation if compliance with the designation is made 
impossible by operation of any provision of this or any other 
Act: Provided, That any such reprogramming shall be subject to 
the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That assistance that is 
reprogrammed pursuant to this subsection shall be made 
available under the same terms and conditions as originally 
provided.
  (b) In addition to the authority contained in subsection (a), 
the original period of availability of funds appropriated by 
this Act and administered by the United States Agency for 
International Development that are specifically designated for 
particular programs or activities by this or any other Act 
shall be extended for an additional fiscal year if the 
Administrator of such agency determines and reports promptly to 
the Committees on Appropriations that the termination of 
assistance to a country or a significant change in 
circumstances makes it unlikely that such designated funds can 
be obligated during the original period of availability: 
Provided, That such designated funds that are continued 
available for an additional fiscal year shall be obligated only 
for the purpose of such designation.
  (c) Ceilings and specifically designated funding levels 
contained in this Act shall not be applicable to funds or 
authorities appropriated or otherwise made available by any 
subsequent Act unless such Act specifically so directs. 
Specifically designated funding levels or minimum funding 
requirements contained in any other Act shall not be applicable 
to funds appropriated by this Act.

                                  ASIA

  Sec. 638. (a) Funding Levels.--Of the funds appropriated by 
this Act under the headings ``Global Health and Child 
Survival'' and ``Development Assistance'', not less than the 
amount of funds initially allocated for each such account 
pursuant to subsection 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 for fiscal year 2007 shall be made available for Cambodia, 
Philippines, Vietnam, Asia and Near East Regional, and Regional 
Development Mission/Asia: Provided, That for the purposes of 
this subsection, ``Global Health and Child Survival'' shall 
mean ``Child Survival and Health Programs Fund''.
  (b) Burma.--
          (1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the 
        United States executive director to each appropriate 
        international financial institution in which the United 
        States participates, to oppose and vote against the 
        extension by such institution any loan or financial or 
        technical assistance or any other utilization of funds 
        of the respective bank to and for Burma.
          (2) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
        heading ``Economic Support Fund'', not less than 
        $13,000,000 shall be made available to support 
        democracy activities in Burma, along the Burma-Thailand 
        border, for activities of Burmese student groups and 
        other organizations located outside Burma, and for the 
        purpose of supporting the provision of humanitarian 
        assistance to displaced Burmese along Burma's borders: 
        Provided, That such funds may be made available 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law: Provided 
        further, That in addition to assistance for Burmese 
        refugees provided under the heading ``Migration and 
        Refugee Assistance'' in this Act, not less than 
        $3,000,000 shall be made available for community-based 
        organizations operating in Thailand to provide food, 
        medical and other humanitarian assistance to internally 
        displaced persons in eastern Burma: Provided further, 
        That funds made available under this paragraph shall be 
        subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
        Committees on Appropriations.
  (c) Tibet.--
          (1) The Secretary of the Treasury should instruct the 
        United States executive director to each international 
        financial institution to use the voice and vote of the 
        United States to support projects in Tibet if such 
        projects do not provide incentives for the migration 
        and settlement of non-Tibetans into Tibet or facilitate 
        the transfer of ownership of Tibetan land and natural 
        resources to non-Tibetans; are based on a thorough 
        needs-assessment; foster self-sufficiency of the 
        Tibetan people and respect Tibetan culture and 
        traditions; and are subject to effective monitoring.
          (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not 
        less than $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated by this 
        Act under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' should 
        be made available to nongovernmental organizations to 
        support activities which preserve cultural traditions 
        and promote sustainable development and environmental 
        conservation in Tibetan communities in the Tibetan 
        Autonomous Region and in other Tibetan communities in 
        China, and not less than $250,000 should be made 
        available to the National Endowment for Democracy for 
        human rights and democracy programs relating to Tibet.

                 PROHIBITION ON PUBLICITY OR PROPAGANDA

  Sec. 639. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act 
shall be used for publicity or propaganda purposes within the 
United States not authorized before the date of the enactment 
of this Act by the Congress: Provided, That not to exceed 
$25,000 may be made available to carry out the provisions of 
section 316 of Public Law 96-533.

           PROHIBITION OF PAYMENTS TO UNITED NATIONS MEMBERS

  Sec. 640. None of the funds appropriated or made available 
pursuant to titles II through V of this Act for carrying out 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used to pay in whole 
or in part any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any member 
of the United Nations or, from funds appropriated by this Act 
to carry out chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961, the costs for participation of another country's 
delegation at international conferences held under the auspices 
of multilateral or international organizations.

                         REQUESTS FOR DOCUMENTS

  Sec. 641. None of the funds appropriated or made available 
pursuant to titles II through V of this Act shall be available 
to a nongovernmental organization, including any contractor, 
which fails to provide upon timely request any document, file, 
or record necessary to the auditing requirements of the United 
States Agency for International Development.

  PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS THAT EXPORT LETHAL 
   MILITARY EQUIPMENT TO COUNTRIES SUPPORTING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

  Sec. 642. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available by titles II through V of this Act may be 
available to any foreign government which provides lethal 
military equipment to a country the government of which the 
Secretary of State has determined is a terrorist government for 
purposes of section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 
1979. The prohibition under this section with respect to a 
foreign government shall terminate 12 months after that 
government ceases to provide such military equipment. This 
section applies with respect to lethal military equipment 
provided under a contract entered into after October 1, 1997.
  (b) Assistance restricted by subsection (a) or any other 
similar provision of law, may be furnished if the President 
determines that furnishing such assistance is important to the 
national interests of the United States.
  (c) Whenever the President makes a determination pursuant to 
subsection (b), the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report with respect to the 
furnishing of such assistance. Any such report shall include a 
detailed explanation of the assistance to be provided, 
including the estimated dollar amount of such assistance, and 
an explanation of how the assistance furthers United States 
national interests.

  WITHHOLDING OF ASSISTANCE FOR PARKING FINES AND REAL PROPERTY TAXES 
                       OWED BY FOREIGN COUNTRIES

  Sec. 643. (a) Subject to subsection (c), of the funds 
appropriated under titles II through V by this Act that are 
made available for assistance for a foreign country, an amount 
equal to 110 percent of the total amount of the unpaid fully 
adjudicated parking fines and penalties and unpaid property 
taxes owed by the central government of such country shall be 
withheld from obligation for assistance for the central 
government of such country until the Secretary of State submits 
a certification to the Committees on Appropriations stating 
that such parking fines and penalties and unpaid property taxes 
are fully paid.
  (b) Funds withheld from obligation pursuant to subsection (a) 
may be made available for other programs or activities funded 
by this Act, after consultation with and subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, 
provided that no such funds shall be made available for 
assistance for the central government of a foreign country that 
has not paid the total amount of the fully adjudicated parking 
fines and penalties and unpaid property taxes owed by such 
country.
  (c) Subsection (a) shall not include amounts that have been 
withheld under any other provision of law.
  (d)(1) The Secretary of State may waive the requirements set 
forth in subsection (a) with respect to parking fines and 
penalties no sooner than 60 days from the date of enactment of 
this Act, or at any time with respect to a particular country, 
if the Secretary determines that it is in the national 
interests of the United States to do so.
  (2) The Secretary of State may waive the requirements set 
forth in subsection (a) with respect to the unpaid property 
taxes if the Secretary of State determines that it is in the 
national interests of the United States to do so.
  (e) Not later than 6 months after the initial exercise of the 
waiver authority in subsection (d), the Secretary of State, 
after consultations with the City of New York, shall submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations describing a 
strategy, including a timetable and steps currently being 
taken, to collect the parking fines and penalties and unpaid 
property taxes and interest owed by nations receiving foreign 
assistance under this Act.
  (f) In this section:
          (1) The term ``fully adjudicated'' includes 
        circumstances in which the person to whom the vehicle 
        is registered--
                  (A)(i) has not responded to the parking 
                violation summons; or
                  (ii) has not followed the appropriate 
                adjudication procedure to challenge the 
                summons; and
                  (B) the period of time for payment of or 
                challenge to the summons has lapsed.
          (2) The term ``parking fines and penalties'' means 
        parking fines and penalties--
                  (A) owed to--
                          (i) the District of Columbia; or
                          (ii) New York, New York; and
                  (B) incurred during the period April 1, 1997, 
                through September 30, 2007.
          (3) The term ``unpaid property taxes'' means the 
        amount of unpaid taxes and interest determined to be 
        owed by a foreign country on real property in the 
        District of Columbia or New York, New York in a court 
        order or judgment entered against such country by a 
        court of the United States or any State or subdivision 
        thereof.

    LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE FOR THE PLO FOR THE WEST BANK AND GAZA

  Sec. 644. None of the funds appropriated under titles II 
through V of this Act may be obligated for assistance for the 
Palestine Liberation Organization for the West Bank and Gaza 
unless the President has exercised the authority under section 
604(a) of the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1995 (title 
VI of Public Law 104-107) or any other legislation to suspend 
or make inapplicable section 307 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 and that suspension is still in effect: Provided, That 
if the President fails to make the certification under section 
604(b)(2) of the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1995 or 
to suspend the prohibition under other legislation, funds 
appropriated by this Act may not be obligated for assistance 
for the Palestine Liberation Organization for the West Bank and 
Gaza.

                     WAR CRIMES TRIBUNALS DRAWDOWN

  Sec. 645. If the President determines that doing so will 
contribute to a just resolution of charges regarding genocide 
or other violations of international humanitarian law, the 
President may direct a drawdown pursuant to section 552(c) of 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 of up to $30,000,000 of 
commodities and services for the United Nations War Crimes 
Tribunal established with regard to the former Yugoslavia by 
the United Nations Security Council or such other tribunals or 
commissions as the Council may establish or authorize to deal 
with such violations, without regard to the ceiling limitation 
contained in paragraph (2) thereof: Provided, That the 
determination required under this section shall be in lieu of 
any determinations otherwise required under section 552(c): 
Provided further, That funds made available for tribunals other 
than Yugoslavia, Rwanda, or the Special Court for Sierra Leone 
shall be made available subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                    LANDMINES AND CLUSTER MUNITIONS

  Sec. 646. (a) Landmines.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, demining equipment available to the United States 
Agency for International Development and the Department of 
State and used in support of the clearance of landmines and 
unexploded ordnance for humanitarian purposes may be disposed 
of on a grant basis in foreign countries, subject to such terms 
and conditions as the President may prescribe.
  (b) Cluster Munitions.--During the current fiscal year, no 
military assistance shall be furnished for cluster munitions, 
no defense export license for cluster munitions may be issued, 
and no cluster munitions or cluster munitions technology shall 
be sold or transferred, unless--
          (1) the submunitions of the cluster munitions have a 
        99 percent or higher tested rate; and
          (2) the agreement applicable to the assistance, 
        transfer, or sale of the cluster munitions or cluster 
        munitions technology specifies that the cluster 
        munitions will only be used against clearly defined 
        military targets and will not be used where civilians 
        are known to be present.

           RESTRICTIONS CONCERNING THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY

  Sec. 647. None of the funds appropriated under titles II 
through V of this Act may be obligated or expended to create in 
any part of Jerusalem a new office of any department or agency 
of the United States Government for the purpose of conducting 
official United States Government business with the Palestinian 
Authority over Gaza and Jericho or any successor Palestinian 
governing entity provided for in the Israel-PLO Declaration of 
Principles: Provided, That this restriction shall not apply to 
the acquisition of additional space for the existing Consulate 
General in Jerusalem: Provided further, That meetings between 
officers and employees of the United States and officials of 
the Palestinian Authority, or any successor Palestinian 
governing entity provided for in the Israel-PLO Declaration of 
Principles, for the purpose of conducting official United 
States Government business with such authority should continue 
to take place in locations other than Jerusalem. As has been 
true in the past, officers and employees of the United States 
Government may continue to meet in Jerusalem on other subjects 
with Palestinians (including those who now occupy positions in 
the Palestinian Authority), have social contacts, and have 
incidental discussions.

               PROHIBITION OF PAYMENT OF CERTAIN EXPENSES

  Sec. 648. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available under titles III or IV of this Act under the heading 
``International Military Education and Training'' or ``Foreign 
Military Financing Program'' for Informational Program 
activities or under the headings ``Global Health and Child 
Survival'', ``Development Assistance'', and ``Economic Support 
Fund'' may be obligated or expended to pay for--
          (1) alcoholic beverages; or
          (2) entertainment expenses for activities that are 
        substantially of a recreational character, including 
        but not limited to entrance fees at sporting events, 
        theatrical and musical productions, and amusement 
        parks.

                                COLOMBIA

  Sec. 649. (a) Assistance for Colombia.--Of the funds 
appropriated in titles III and IV of this Act, not more than 
$545,608,000 shall be available for assistance for Colombia.
  (b) Funding Amounts and Notification.--Funds appropriated by 
this Act that are available for assistance for Colombia shall 
be made available in the amounts indicated in the table in the 
accompanying explanatory statement described in section 4 (in 
the matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act) and 
any proposed increases or decreases to the amounts contained in 
such table shall be subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
  (c) Assistance for the Colombian Armed Forces.--
          (1) Funding.--Funds appropriated by this Act that are 
        available for assistance for the Colombian Armed 
        Forces, may be made available as follows:
                  (A) Up to 70 percent of such funds may be 
                obligated prior to the certification and report 
                by the Secretary of State pursuant to 
                subparagraph (B).
                  (B) Up to 15 percent of such funds may be 
                obligated only after the Secretary of State 
                consults with, and subsequently certifies and 
                submits a written report to, the Committees on 
                Appropriations that the Government of Colombia 
                is meeting the requirements described in 
                paragraph (2).
          (2) Requirements.--The requirements referred to in 
        paragraph (1) are as follows:
                  (A) The Commander General of the Colombian 
                Armed Forces is suspending or placing on 
                administrative duty, if requested by the 
                prosecutor, those members of the Armed Forces, 
                of whatever rank, who, according to the 
                Minister of Defense, the Attorney General or 
                the Procuraduria General de la Nacion, have 
                been credibly alleged to have committed gross 
                violations of human rights, including extra-
                judicial killings, or to have aided or abetted 
                paramilitary organizations or successor armed 
                groups.
                  (B) The Government of Colombia is 
                investigating and prosecuting, in the civilian 
                justice system, those members of the Colombian 
                Armed Forces, of whatever rank, who have been 
                credibly alleged to have committed gross 
                violations of human rights, including extra-
                judicial killings, or to have aided or abetted 
                paramilitary organizations or successor armed 
                groups.
                  (C) The Colombian Armed Forces are 
                cooperating fully with civilian prosecutors and 
                judicial authorities in such cases (including 
                providing requested information, such as the 
                identity of persons suspended from the Armed 
                Forces and the nature and cause of the 
                suspension, and access to witnesses, relevant 
                military documents, and other requested 
                information).
                  (D) The Colombian Armed Forces have taken all 
                necessary steps to sever links (including 
                denying access to military intelligence, 
                vehicles, and other equipment or supplies, and 
                ceasing other forms of active or tacit 
                cooperation) at all levels, with paramilitary 
                organizations or successor armed groups, 
                especially in regions where such organizations 
                have a significant presence.
                  (E) The Government of Colombia is dismantling 
                paramilitary leadership and financial networks 
                by arresting and prosecuting under civilian 
                criminal law individuals who have provided 
                financial, planning, or logistical support, or 
                have otherwise aided or abetted paramilitary 
                organizations or successor armed groups; by 
                identifying and seizing land and other assets 
                illegally acquired by such organizations or 
                their associates and returning such land or 
                assets to their rightful occupants or owners; 
                by revoking reduced sentences for demobilized 
                paramilitaries who engage in new criminal 
                activity; and by arresting and prosecuting 
                under civilian criminal law, and when 
                requested, promptly extraditing to the United 
                States members of successor armed groups.
                  (F) The Government of Colombia is ensuring 
                that the Colombian Armed Forces are not 
                violating the land and property rights of 
                Colombia's indigenous and Afro-Colombian 
                communities, and that the Colombian Armed 
                Forces are implementing procedures to 
                distinguish between civilians, including 
                displaced persons, and combatants in their 
                operations.
          (3) The balance of such funds may be obligated after 
        July 31, 2008, if, before such date, the Secretary of 
        State consults with, and submits a written 
        certification to, the Committees on Appropriations that 
        the Colombian Armed Forces are continuing to meet the 
        requirements described in paragraph (2) and are 
        conducting vigorous operations to restore civilian 
        government authority and respect for human rights in 
        areas under the effective control of paramilitary 
        organizations or successor armed groups and guerrilla 
        organizations.
          (4) Certain funds exempted.--The requirement to 
        withhold funds from obligation shall not apply with 
        respect to funds made available under the heading 
        ``Andean Counterdrug Programs'' for continued support 
        for the Critical Flight Safety Program or for any 
        alternative development programs in Colombia 
        administered by the Bureau of International Narcotics 
        and Law Enforcement Affairs of the Department of State.
          (5) Report.--At the time the Secretary of State 
        submits certifications pursuant to paragraphs (1)(B) 
        and (3) of this subsection, the Secretary shall also 
        submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report 
        that contains, with respect to each such paragraph, a 
        detailed description of the specific actions taken by 
        both the Colombian Government and Colombian Armed 
        Forces which support each requirement of the 
        certification, and the cases or issues brought to the 
        attention of the Secretary, including through the 
        Department of State's annual Country Reports on Human 
        Rights Practices, for which the actions taken by the 
        Colombian Government or Armed Forces have been 
        determined by the Secretary of State to be inadequate.
  (d) Consultative Process.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter 
until September 30, 2008, the Secretary of State shall consult 
with Colombian and internationally recognized human rights 
organizations regarding progress in meeting the requirements 
contained in subsection (c)(2).
  (e) Assistance for Demobilization and Disarmament of Former 
Combatants in Colombia.--
          (1) Availability of funds.--Of the funds appropriated 
        in this Act under the heading ``Economic Support 
        Fund'', up to $11,442,000 may be made available in 
        fiscal year 2008 for assistance for the disarmament, 
        demobilization, and reintegration of former members of 
        foreign terrorist organizations (FTOs) in Colombia, if 
        the Secretary of State consults with and makes a 
        certification described in paragraph (2) to the 
        Committees on Appropriations prior to the initial 
        obligation of amounts for such assistance for the 
        fiscal year involved.
          (2) Certification.--A certification described in this 
        subsection is a certification that--
                  (A) assistance for the fiscal year will be 
                provided only for individuals who have: (i) 
                verifiably renounced and terminated any 
                affiliation or involvement with FTOs or other 
                illegal armed groups; (ii) are meeting all the 
                requirements of the Colombia demobilization 
                program, including having disclosed their 
                involvement in past crimes and their knowledge 
                of the FTO's structure, financing sources, 
                illegal assets, and the location of kidnapping 
                victims and bodies of the disappeared; and 
                (iii) are not involved in acts of intimidation 
                or violence;
                  (B) the Government of Colombia is providing 
                full cooperation to the Government of the 
                United States to extradite the leaders and 
                members of the FTOs who have been indicted in 
                the United States for murder, kidnapping, 
                narcotics trafficking, or other violations of 
                United States law, and is extraditing to the 
                United States those commanders, leaders and 
                members indicted in the United States who have 
                breached the terms of the Colombian 
                demobilization program, including by failing to 
                fully confess their crimes, failing to disclose 
                their illegal assets, or committing new crimes 
                since the approval of the Justice and Peace 
                Law;
                  (C) the Government of Colombia is not 
                knowingly taking any steps to legalize the 
                titles of land or other assets illegally 
                obtained and held by FTOs, their associates, or 
                successors, has established effective 
                procedures to identify such land and other 
                assets, and is seizing and returning such land 
                and other assets to their rightful occupants or 
                owners;
                  (D) the Government of Colombia is 
                implementing a concrete and workable framework 
                for dismantling the organizational structures 
                of foreign terrorist organizations; and
                  (E) funds shall not be made available as cash 
                payments to individuals and are available only 
                for activities under the following categories: 
                verification, reintegration (including training 
                and education), vetting, recovery of assets for 
                reparations for victims, and investigations and 
                prosecutions.
  (f) Illegal Armed Groups.--
          (1) Denial of visas to supporters of colombian 
        illegal armed groups.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of State shall not issue a visa to any alien 
        who the Secretary determines, based on credible 
        evidence--
                  (A) has willfully provided any support to the 
                Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), 
                the National Liberation Army (ELN), the United 
                Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), or 
                successor armed groups, including taking 
                actions or failing to take actions which allow, 
                facilitate, or otherwise foster the activities 
                of such groups; or
                  (B) has committed, ordered, incited, 
                assisted, or otherwise participated in the 
                commission of a gross violation of human 
                rights, including extra-judicial killings, in 
                Colombia.
          (2) Waiver.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply if the 
        Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on 
        Appropriations, on a case-by-case basis, that the 
        issuance of a visa to the alien is necessary to support 
        the peace process in Colombia or for urgent 
        humanitarian reasons.
  (g) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Aided or abetted.--The term ``aided or abetted'' 
        means to provide any support to paramilitary or 
        successor armed groups, including taking actions which 
        allow, facilitate, or otherwise foster the activities 
        of such groups.
          (2) Paramilitary groups.--The term ``paramilitary 
        groups'' means illegal self-defense groups and illegal 
        security cooperatives, including those groups and 
        cooperatives that have formerly demobilized but 
        continue illegal operations, as well as parts thereof.
          (3) Foreign terrorist organization.--The term 
        ``foreign terrorist organization'' means an 
        organization designated as a terrorist organization 
        under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act.

         LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY

  Sec. 650. (a) Prohibition of Funds.--None of the funds 
appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of chapter 
4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be 
obligated or expended with respect to providing funds to the 
Palestinian Authority.
  (b) Waiver.--The prohibition included in subsection (a) shall 
not apply if the President certifies in writing to the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, the President pro tempore of 
the Senate, and the Committees on Appropriations that waiving 
such prohibition is important to the national security 
interests of the United States.
  (c) Period of Application of Waiver.--Any waiver pursuant to 
subsection (b) shall be effective for no more than a period of 
6 months at a time and shall not apply beyond 12 months after 
the enactment of this Act.
  (d) Report.--Whenever the waiver authority pursuant to 
subsection (b) is exercised, the President shall submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations detailing the 
justification for the waiver, the purposes for which the funds 
will be spent, and the accounting procedures in place to ensure 
that the funds are properly disbursed. The report shall also 
detail the steps the Palestinian Authority has taken to arrest 
terrorists, confiscate weapons and dismantle the terrorist 
infrastructure.

              LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO SECURITY FORCES

  Sec. 651. Chapter 1 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 is amended by adding the following section:

``SEC. 620J. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO SECURITY FORCES.

  ``(a) In General.--No assistance shall be furnished under 
this Act or the Arms Export Control Act to any unit of the 
security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary of State 
has credible evidence that such unit has committed gross 
violations of human rights.
  ``(b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply if the Secretary determines and reports to the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committees on 
Appropriations that the government of such country is taking 
effective measures to bring the responsible members of the 
security forces unit to justice.
  ``(c) Duty to Inform.--In the event that funds are withheld 
from any unit pursuant to this section, the Secretary of State 
shall promptly inform the foreign government of the basis for 
such action and shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
assist the foreign government in taking effective measures to 
bring the responsible members of the security forces to 
justice.''.

                    FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING REPORT

  Sec. 652. The annual foreign military training report 
required by section 656 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
shall be submitted by the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of State to the Committees on Appropriations by the 
date specified in that section.

                       AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENT

  Sec. 653. Funds appropriated by this Act, except funds 
appropriated under the headings ``Trade and Development 
Agency'' and ``Overseas Private Investment Corporation'', may 
be obligated and expended notwithstanding section 10 of Public 
Law 91-672 and section 15 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956.

                                 LIBYA

  Sec. 654. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available by this Act shall be obligated or expended to 
finance directly any assistance for Libya.
  (b) The prohibition of subsection (a) shall no longer apply 
if the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on 
Appropriations that the Government of Libya has made the final 
settlement payments to the Pan Am 103 victims' families, paid 
to the LaBelle Disco bombing victims the agreed upon settlement 
amounts, and is engaging in good faith settlement discussions 
regarding other relevant terrorism cases.
  (c) Not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations describing (1) actions taken by the Department 
of State to facilitate a resolution of these cases; and (2) 
United States commercial activities in Libya's energy sector.

                         PALESTINIAN STATEHOOD

  Sec. 655. (a) Limitation on Assistance.--None of the funds 
appropriated under titles II through V of this Act may be 
provided to support a Palestinian state unless the Secretary of 
State determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional 
committees that--
          (1) the governing entity of a new Palestinian state--
                  (A) has demonstrated a firm commitment to 
                peaceful co-existence with the State of Israel;
                  (B) is taking appropriate measures to counter 
                terrorism and terrorist financing in the West 
                Bank and Gaza, including the dismantling of 
                terrorist infrastructures, and is cooperating 
                with appropriate Israeli and other appropriate 
                security organizations; and
          (2) the Palestinian Authority (or the governing 
        entity of a new Palestinian state) is working with 
        other countries in the region to vigorously pursue 
        efforts to establish a just, lasting, and comprehensive 
        peace in the Middle East that will enable Israel and an 
        independent Palestinian state to exist within the 
        context of full and normal relationships, which should 
        include--
                  (A) termination of all claims or states of 
                belligerency;
                  (B) respect for and acknowledgement of the 
                sovereignty, territorial integrity, and 
                political independence of every state in the 
                area through measures including the 
                establishment of demilitarized zones;
                  (C) their right to live in peace within 
                secure and recognized boundaries free from 
                threats or acts of force;
                  (D) freedom of navigation through 
                international waterways in the area; and
                  (E) a framework for achieving a just 
                settlement of the refugee problem.
  (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
governing entity should enact a constitution assuring the rule 
of law, an independent judiciary, and respect for human rights 
for its citizens, and should enact other laws and regulations 
assuring transparent and accountable governance.
  (c) Waiver.--The President may waive subsection (a) if he 
determines that it is important to the national security 
interests of the United States to do so.
  (d) Exemption.--The restriction in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to assistance intended to help reform the Palestinian 
Authority and affiliated institutions, or the governing entity, 
in order to help meet the requirements of subsection (a), 
consistent with the provisions of section 650 of this Act 
(``Limitation on Assistance to the Palestinian Authority'').

 PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION

  Sec. 656. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available by this Act may be used to provide equipment, 
technical support, consulting services, or any other form of 
assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation.

                     WEST BANK AND GAZA ASSISTANCE

  Sec. 657. (a) Oversight.--For fiscal year 2008, 30 days prior 
to the initial obligation of funds for the bilateral West Bank 
and Gaza Program, the Secretary of State shall certify to the 
Committees on Appropriations that procedures have been 
established to assure the Comptroller General of the United 
States will have access to appropriate United States financial 
information in order to review the uses of United States 
assistance for the Program funded under the heading ``Economic 
Support Fund'' for the West Bank and Gaza.
  (b) Vetting.--Prior to the obligation of funds appropriated 
by this Act under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' for 
assistance for the West Bank and Gaza, the Secretary of State 
shall take all appropriate steps to ensure that such assistance 
is not provided to or through any individual, private or 
government entity, or educational institution that the 
Secretary knows or has reason to believe advocates, plans, 
sponsors, engages in, or has engaged in, terrorist activity 
nor, with respect to private entities or educational 
institutions, those that have as a principal officer of the 
entity's governing board or governing board of trustees any 
individual that has been determined to be involved in, or 
advocating terrorist activity or determined to be a member of a 
designated foreign terrorist organization. The Secretary of 
State shall, as appropriate, establish procedures specifying 
the steps to be taken in carrying out this subsection and shall 
terminate assistance to any individual, entity, or educational 
institution which she has determined to be involved in or 
advocating terrorist activity.
  (c) Prohibition.--
          (1) None of the funds appropriated under titles II 
        through V of this Act for assistance under the West 
        Bank and Gaza Program may be made available for the 
        purpose of recognizing or otherwise honoring 
        individuals who commit, or have committed acts of 
        terrorism.
          (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none 
        of the funds made available by this or prior 
        appropriations act, including funds made available by 
        transfer, may be made available for obligation for 
        security assistance for the West Bank and Gaza until 
        the Secretary of State reports to the Committees on 
        Appropriations on the benchmarks that have been 
        established for security assistance for the West Bank 
        and Gaza and reports on the extent of Palestinian 
        compliance with such benchmarks.
  (d) Audits.--
          (1) The Administrator of the United States Agency for 
        International Development shall ensure that Federal or 
        non-Federal audits of all contractors and grantees, and 
        significant subcontractors and sub-grantees, under the 
        West Bank and Gaza Program, are conducted at least on 
        an annual basis to ensure, among other things, 
        compliance with this section.
          (2) Of the funds appropriated by this Act up to 
        $500,000 may be used by the Office of the Inspector 
        General of the United States Agency for International 
        Development for audits, inspections, and other 
        activities in furtherance of the requirements of this 
        subsection. Such funds are in addition to funds 
        otherwise available for such purposes.
  (e) Subsequent to the certification specified in subsection 
(a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct 
an audit and an investigation of the treatment, handling, and 
uses of all funds for the bilateral West Bank and Gaza Program 
in fiscal year 2008 under the heading ``Economic Support 
Fund''. The audit shall address--
          (1) the extent to which such Program complies with 
        the requirements of subsections (b) and (c), and
          (2) an examination of all programs, projects, and 
        activities carried out under such Program, including 
        both obligations and expenditures.
  (f) Not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations updating the report contained in section 2106 of 
chapter 2 of title II of Public Law 109-13.

                             WAR CRIMINALS

  Sec. 658. (a)(1) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available under titles II through V of this Act may be 
made available for assistance, and the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director at 
each international financial institution to vote against any 
new project involving the extension by such institutions of any 
financial or technical assistance, to any country, entity, or 
municipality whose competent authorities have failed, as 
determined by the Secretary of State, to take necessary and 
significant steps to implement its international legal 
obligations to apprehend and transfer to the International 
Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (the ``Tribunal'') 
all persons in their territory who have been indicted by the 
Tribunal and to otherwise cooperate with the Tribunal.
  (2) The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to 
humanitarian assistance or assistance for democratization.
  (b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall apply unless the 
Secretary of State determines and reports to the appropriate 
congressional committees that the competent authorities of such 
country, entity, or municipality are--
          (1) cooperating with the Tribunal, including access 
        for investigators to archives and witnesses, the 
        provision of documents, and the surrender and transfer 
        of indictees or assistance in their apprehension; and
          (2) are acting consistently with the Dayton Accords.
  (c) Not less than 10 days before any vote in an international 
financial institution regarding the extension of any new 
project involving financial or technical assistance or grants 
to any country or entity described in subsection (a), the 
Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary 
of State, shall provide to the Committees on Appropriations a 
written justification for the proposed assistance, including an 
explanation of the United States position regarding any such 
vote, as well as a description of the location of the proposed 
assistance by municipality, its purpose, and its intended 
beneficiaries.
  (d) In carrying out this section, the Secretary of State, the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall consult 
with representatives of human rights organizations and all 
government agencies with relevant information to help prevent 
indicted war criminals from benefiting from any financial or 
technical assistance or grants provided to any country or 
entity described in subsection (a).
  (e) The Secretary of State may waive the application of 
subsection (a) with respect to projects within a country, 
entity, or municipality upon a written determination to the 
Committees on Appropriations that such assistance directly 
supports the implementation of the Dayton Accords.
  (f) Definitions.--As used in this section:
          (1) Country.--The term ``country'' means Bosnia and 
        Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia.
          (2) Entity.--The term ``entity'' refers to the 
        Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, 
        Montenegro and the Republika Srpska.
          (3) Municipality.--The term ``municipality'' means a 
        city, town or other subdivision within a country or 
        entity as defined herein.
          (4) Dayton accords.--The term ``Dayton Accords'' 
        means the General Framework Agreement for Peace in 
        Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with annexes relating 
        thereto, done at Dayton, November 10 through 16, 1995.

                               USER FEES

  Sec. 659. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the 
United States Executive Director at each international 
financial institution (as defined in section 1701(c)(2) of the 
International Financial Institutions Act) and the International 
Monetary Fund to oppose any loan, grant, strategy or policy of 
these institutions that would require user fees or service 
charges on poor people for primary education or primary 
healthcare, including prevention, care and treatment for HIV/
AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and infant, child, and maternal 
well-being, in connection with the institutions' financing 
programs.

           CONTRIBUTION TO THE UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND

  Sec. 660. (a) Limitations on Amount of Contribution.--Of the 
amounts made available under ``International Organizations and 
Programs'' and ``Global Health and Child Survival'' accounts 
for fiscal year 2008, $40,000,000 shall be made available for 
the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA): Provided, That of 
this amount, not less than $7,000,000 shall be derived from 
funds appropriated under the heading ``International 
Organizations and Programs''.
  (b) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated under the 
heading ``International Organizations and Programs'' in this 
Act that are available for UNFPA, that are not made available 
for UNFPA because of the operation of any provision of law, 
shall be transferred to the ``Global Health and Child 
Survival'' account and shall be made available for family 
planning, maternal, and reproductive health activities, subject 
to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations.
  (c) Prohibition on Use of Funds in China.--None of the funds 
made available under this Act may be used by UNFPA for a 
country program in the People's Republic of China.
  (d) Conditions on Availability of Funds.--Amounts made 
available under this Act for UNFPA may not be made available to 
UNFPA unless--
          (1) UNFPA maintains amounts made available to UNFPA 
        under this section in an account separate from other 
        accounts of UNFPA;
          (2) UNFPA does not commingle amounts made available 
        to UNFPA under this section with other sums; and
          (3) UNFPA does not fund abortions.
  (e) Report to Congress and Dollar-for-Dollar Withholding of 
Funds.--
          (1) Not later than 4 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
        submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations 
        indicating the amount of funds that the UNFPA is 
        budgeting for the year in which the report is submitted 
        for a country program in the People's Republic of 
        China.
          (2) If a report under paragraph (1) indicates that 
        the UNFPA plans to spend funds for a country program in 
        the People's Republic of China in the year covered by 
        the report, then the amount of such funds that the 
        UNFPA plans to spend in the People's Republic of China 
        shall be deducted from the funds made available to the 
        UNFPA after March 1 for obligation for the remainder of 
        the fiscal year in which the report is submitted.
  (f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the 
authority of the President to deny funds to any organization by 
reason of the application of another provision of this Act or 
any other provision of law.

                   COMMUNITY-BASED POLICE ASSISTANCE

  Sec. 661. (a) Authority.--Funds made available by title III 
of this Act to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part I 
and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
may be used, notwithstanding section 660 of that Act, to 
enhance the effectiveness and accountability of civilian police 
authority through training and technical assistance in human 
rights, the rule of law, strategic planning, and through 
assistance to foster civilian police roles that support 
democratic governance including assistance for programs to 
prevent conflict, respond to disasters, address gender-based 
violence, and foster improved police relations with the 
communities they serve.
  (b) Notification.--Assistance provided under subsection (a) 
shall be subject to prior consultation with, and the regular 
notification procedures of, the Committees on Appropriations.

                  SPECIAL DEBT RELIEF FOR THE POOREST

  Sec. 662. (a) Authority to Reduce Debt.--The President may 
reduce amounts owed to the United States (or any agency of the 
United States) by an eligible country as a result of--
          (1) guarantees issued under sections 221 and 222 of 
        the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;
          (2) credits extended or guarantees issued under the 
        Arms Export Control Act; or
          (3) any obligation or portion of such obligation, to 
        pay for purchases of United States agricultural 
        commodities guaranteed by the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation under export credit guarantee programs 
        authorized pursuant to section 5(f) of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation Charter Act of June 29, 1948, as 
        amended, section 4(b) of the Food for Peace Act of 
        1966, as amended (Public Law 89-808), or section 202 of 
        the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978, as amended (Public 
        Law 95-501).
  (b) Limitations.--
          (1) The authority provided by subsection (a) may be 
        exercised only to implement multilateral official debt 
        relief and referendum agreements, commonly referred to 
        as ``Paris Club Agreed Minutes''.
          (2) The authority provided by subsection (a) may be 
        exercised only in such amounts or to such extent as is 
        provided in advance by appropriations Acts.
          (3) The authority provided by subsection (a) may be 
        exercised only with respect to countries with heavy 
        debt burdens that are eligible to borrow from the 
        International Development Association, but not from the 
        International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 
        commonly referred to as ``IDA-only'' countries.
  (c) Conditions.--The authority provided by subsection (a) may 
be exercised only with respect to a country whose government--
          (1) does not have an excessive level of military 
        expenditures;
          (2) has not repeatedly provided support for acts of 
        international terrorism;
          (3) is not failing to cooperate on international 
        narcotics control matters;
          (4) (including its military or other security forces) 
        does not engage in a consistent pattern of gross 
        violations of internationally recognized human rights; 
        and
          (5) is not ineligible for assistance because of the 
        application of section 527 of the Foreign Relations 
        Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995.
  (d) Availability of Funds.--The authority provided by 
subsection (a) may be used only with regard to the funds 
appropriated by this Act under the heading ``Debt 
Restructuring''.
  (e) Certain Prohibitions Inapplicable.--A reduction of debt 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall not be considered assistance 
for the purposes of any provision of law limiting assistance to 
a country. The authority provided by subsection (a) may be 
exercised notwithstanding section 620(r) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 or section 321 of the International 
Development and Food Assistance Act of 1975.

             AUTHORITY TO ENGAGE IN DEBT BUYBACKS OR SALES

  Sec. 663. (a) Loans Eligible for Sale, Reduction, or 
Cancellation.--
          (1) Authority to sell, reduce, or cancel certain 
        loans.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
        President may, in accordance with this section, sell to 
        any eligible purchaser any concessional loan or portion 
        thereof made before January 1, 1995, pursuant to the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, to the government of 
        any eligible country as defined in section 702(6) of 
        that Act or on receipt of payment from an eligible 
        purchaser, reduce or cancel such loan or portion 
        thereof, only for the purpose of facilitating--
                  (A) debt-for-equity swaps, debt-for-
                development swaps, or debt-for-nature swaps; or
                  (B) a debt buyback by an eligible country of 
                its own qualified debt, only if the eligible 
                country uses an additional amount of the local 
                currency of the eligible country, equal to not 
                less than 40 percent of the price paid for such 
                debt by such eligible country, or the 
                difference between the price paid for such debt 
                and the face value of such debt, to support 
                activities that link conservation and 
                sustainable use of natural resources with local 
                community development, and child survival and 
                other child development, in a manner consistent 
                with sections 707 through 710 of the Foreign 
                Assistance Act of 1961, if the sale, reduction, 
                or cancellation would not contravene any term 
                or condition of any prior agreement relating to 
                such loan.
          (2) Terms and conditions.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the President shall, in accordance 
        with this section, establish the terms and conditions 
        under which loans may be sold, reduced, or canceled 
        pursuant to this section.
          (3) Administration.--The Facility, as defined in 
        section 702(8) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
        shall notify the administrator of the agency primarily 
        responsible for administering part I of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 of purchasers that the President 
        has determined to be eligible, and shall direct such 
        agency to carry out the sale, reduction, or 
        cancellation of a loan pursuant to this section. Such 
        agency shall make adjustment in its accounts to reflect 
        the sale, reduction, or cancellation.
          (4) Limitation.--The authorities of this subsection 
        shall be available only to the extent that 
        appropriations for the cost of the modification, as 
        defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act 
        of 1974, are made in advance.
  (b) Deposit of Proceeds.--The proceeds from the sale, 
reduction, or cancellation of any loan sold, reduced, or 
canceled pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the 
United States Government account or accounts established for 
the repayment of such loan.
  (c) Eligible Purchasers.--A loan may be sold pursuant to 
subsection (a)(1)(A) only to a purchaser who presents plans 
satisfactory to the President for using the loan for the 
purpose of engaging in debt-for-equity swaps, debt-for-
development swaps, or debt-for-nature swaps.
  (d) Debtor Consultations.--Before the sale to any eligible 
purchaser, or any reduction or cancellation pursuant to this 
section, of any loan made to an eligible country, the President 
should consult with the country concerning the amount of loans 
to be sold, reduced, or canceled and their uses for debt-for-
equity swaps, debt-for-development swaps, or debt-for-nature 
swaps.
  (e) Availability of Funds.--The authority provided by 
subsection (a) may be used only with regard to funds 
appropriated by this Act under the heading ``Debt 
Restructuring''.

                            BASIC EDUCATION

  Sec. 664. (a) In General.--Of the funds appropriated by title 
III of this Act, not less than $700,000,000 shall be made 
available for assistance for developing countries for basic 
education, of which not less than $190,000,000 shall be 
provided and implemented in countries that have an approved 
national education plan.
  (b) Coordinator.--There shall be established within the 
Department of State in the immediate office of the Director of 
United States Foreign Assistance, a Coordinator of United 
States Government activities to provide basic education 
assistance in developing countries (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as the ``Coordinator'').
  (c) Responsibilities.--That the Coordinator shall have 
primary responsibility for the oversight and coordination of 
all resources and international activities of the United States 
Government that provide assistance in developing countries for 
basic education. The individual serving as the Coordinator may 
not hold any other position in the Federal Government during 
the individual's time of service as Coordinator.
  (d) Strategy.--The President shall develop a comprehensive 
integrated United States Government strategy to provide 
assistance in developing countries for basic education within 
90 days of enactment of this Act.
  (e) Report to Congress.--Not later than September 30, 2008, 
the Secretary of State shall report to the Committees on 
Appropriations on the implementation of United States 
Government assistance programs in developing countries for 
basic education.
  (f) Funds appropriated by title II of Public Law 109-102 and 
provided to the Comptroller General pursuant to section 567 of 
that Act shall be available until expended and are also 
available to the Comptroller General to conduct further 
evaluations of basic education programs in developing countries 
under the direction of the Committees on Appropriations.

                        RECONCILIATION PROGRAMS

  Sec. 665. Of the funds appropriated by title III of this Act 
under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'', $16,000,000 shall 
be made available to support reconciliation programs which 
bring together individuals of different ethnic, religious and 
political backgrounds from areas of civil conflict and war, and 
an additional $9,000,000 shall be made available to support 
programs in the Middle East: Provided, That the Administrator 
of the United States Agency for International Development shall 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations, prior to the 
initial obligation of funds, on the most effective uses of such 
funds.

                                 SUDAN

  Sec. 666. (a) Limitation on Assistance.--Subject to 
subsection (b):
          (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none 
        of the funds appropriated by this Act may be made 
        available for assistance for the Government of Sudan.
          (2) None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be 
        made available for the cost, as defined in section 502, 
        of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, of modifying 
        loans and loan guarantees held by the Government of 
        Sudan, including the cost of selling, reducing, or 
        canceling amounts owed to the United States, and 
        modifying concessional loans, guarantees, and credit 
        agreements.
  (b) Subsection (a) shall not apply if the Secretary of State 
determines and certifies to the Committees on Appropriations 
that:
          (1) The Government of Sudan honors its pledges to 
        cease attacks upon civilians and disarms and 
        demobilizes the Janjaweed and other government-
        supported militias.
          (2) The Government of Sudan and all government-
        supported militia groups are honoring their commitments 
        made in all previous cease-fire agreements.
          (3) The Government of Sudan is allowing unimpeded 
        access to Darfur to humanitarian aid organizations, the 
        human rights investigation and humanitarian teams of 
        the United Nations, including protection officers, and 
        an international monitoring team that is based in 
        Darfur and has the support of the United States.
  (c) Exceptions.--The provisions of subsection (a) shall not 
apply to--
          (1) humanitarian assistance;
          (2) assistance for the Darfur region, Southern Sudan, 
        Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains State, Blue Nile 
        State, and Abyei; and
          (3) assistance to support implementation of the 
        Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Darfur Peace 
        Agreement or any other internationally-recognized 
        viable peace agreement in Sudan.
  (d) Definitions.--For the purposes of this Act, the term 
``Government of Sudan'' shall not include the Government of 
Southern Sudan.
  (e) Notwithstanding any other law, assistance in this Act may 
be made available to the Government of Southern Sudan to 
provide non-lethal military assistance, military education and 
training, and defense services controlled under the 
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 CRF 120.1 et 
seq.) if the Secretary of State--
          (1) determines that the provision of such items is in 
        the national interest of the United States; and
          (2) not later than 15 days before the provision of 
        any such assistance, notifies the Committees on 
        Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        in the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs in 
        the House of Representatives of such determination.
  (f) Chad.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, of the 
funds appropriated by this Act for assistance for Sudan, up to 
$5,000,000 shall be made available for administrative and other 
expenses of the United States Agency for International 
Development in Chad.

                        TRADE CAPACITY BUILDING

  Sec. 667. Of the funds appropriated by this Act, under the 
headings ``Development Assistance'', ``Assistance for Eastern 
Europe and the Baltic States'', ``Economic Support Fund'', 
``Andean Counterdrug Programs'', and ``Assistance for the 
Independent States of the Former Soviet Union'', not less than 
$550,000,000 should be made available for trade capacity 
building assistance.

                    TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

  Sec. 668. (a) Public Disclosure.--Ten percent of the funds 
appropriated in this Act under the heading ``International 
Organizations and Programs'' for a contribution to any United 
Nations agency may be withheld from disbursement if the 
Secretary of State reports to the Committees on Appropriations 
that such agency does not have or is not implementing a policy 
of posting on a publicly available website information such as: 
(1) audits, budget reports, and information related to 
procurement activities; (2) procedures for protecting 
whistleblowers; and (3) efforts to ensure the independence of 
internal oversight bodies, adopt international public sector 
accounting standards, and limit administrative costs.
  (b) United Nations Development Program.--Twenty percent of 
the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading 
``International Organizations and Programs'' for a United 
States contribution to the United Nations Development Program 
(UNDP) shall be withheld from disbursement until the Secretary 
of State reports to the Committees on Appropriations that UNDP 
is--
          (1) giving adequate access to information to the 
        Department of State regarding UNDP's programs and 
        activities as requested, including in North Korea and 
        Burma;
          (2) conducting oversight of UNDP programs and 
        activities globally; and
          (3) implementing a whistleblower protection policy 
        equivalent to that recommended by the United Nations 
        Secretary General on December 3, 2007.
  (c)(1) World Bank.--Ten percent of the funds appropriated by 
this Act under the heading ``International Development 
Association'' shall be withheld from disbursement until the 
Secretary of the Treasury reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that--
          (A) the World Bank has made publicly available, in an 
        appropriate manner, financial disclosure forms of 
        senior World Bank personnel, including those at the 
        level of managing director, vice president, and above;
          (B) the World Bank has established a plan and 
        maintains a schedule for conducting regular, 
        independent audits of internal management controls and 
        procedures for meeting operational objectives, and is 
        making reports describing the scope and findings of 
        such audits available to the public;
          (C) the World Bank is adequately staffing and 
        sufficiently funding the Department of Institutional 
        Integrity;
          (D) the World Bank has made publicly available the 
        reports of the Department of Institutional Integrity, 
        and any subsequent review of corrective actions for 
        such reports, including, but not limited to, the 
        November 23, 2005 ``Report of Investigation into 
        Reproductive and Child Health I Project Credit N0180 
        India'', and the May 2006 report on Credit Number 3703 
        DRC, Grant number H193 DRC, and Grant number H010 DRC; 
        and
          (E) the World Bank is implementing the 
        recommendations of the ``Volcker Panel'' report in a 
        timely manner.
  (2) Anticorruption Provisions.--In addition to the funds 
withheld in subsection (b)(1), 10 percent of the funds 
appropriated by this Act under the heading ``International 
Development Association'' shall be withheld from disbursement 
until the Secretary of the Treasury reports to the Committees 
on Appropriations on the extent to which the World Bank has 
completed the following:
          (A) World Bank procurement guidelines, including the 
        World Bank's Standard Bidding Documents, have been 
        applied to all procurement financed in whole or in part 
        by a loan from the World Bank or a credit agreement or 
        grant from the International Development Association 
        (IDA);
          (B) the World Bank maintains a strong central 
        procurement office staffed with senior experts who are 
        designated to address commercial concerns, questions, 
        and complaints regarding procurement procedures and 
        payments under IDA and World Bank projects;
          (C) thresholds for international competitive bidding 
        have been established to maximize international 
        competitive bidding in accordance with sound 
        procurement practices, including transparency, 
        competition, and cost-effective results for the 
        Borrowers;
          (D) the World Bank is consulting with the appropriate 
        private and public sector representatives regarding 
        implementation of the country procurement pilots 
        outlined in the June 2007 report to the Board; and
          (E) all countries selected for the procurement pilot 
        program must adhere to all World Bank anti-fraud and 
        anti-corruption policies and must demonstrate a strong 
        anti-fraud enforcement record.
  (d) Report.--
          (1)(A) The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct an assessment of the programs and 
        activities funded under the heading ``Millennium 
        Challenge Corporation'' (MCC) in this Act and prior 
        Acts making appropriations for foreign operations, 
        export financing, and related programs to include a 
        review of the financial controls and procurement 
        practices of the Corporation and its accountable 
        entities, and the results achieved by MCC's compacts.
          (B) Of the funds appropriated under the heading 
        ``Millennium Challenge Corporation'' in this Act, up to 
        $250,000 shall be made available to the Comptroller for 
        the requirements of subsection (1)(A).
          (2)(A) The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct an assessment of the HIV/AIDS programs 
        and activities funded under the headings ``Child 
        Survival and Health Programs Fund'', ``Global HIV/AIDS 
        Initiative'', and ``Global Health and Child Survival'' 
        in this Act and prior Acts making appropriations for 
        foreign operations, export financing, and related 
        programs to include a review of the procurement and 
        results monitoring activities of United States 
        bilateral HIV/AIDS programs. The assessment should also 
        address the impact of Global HIV/AIDS Initiative 
        funding on other United States global health 
        programming.
          (B) Of the funds appropriated under the heading 
        ``Global Health and Child Survival'', up to $125,000 
        shall be made available to the Comptroller for the 
        requirements of subsection (2)(A).
  (e) National Budget Transparency.--
          (1) None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be 
        made available for assistance for the central 
        government of any country that fails to make publicly 
        available on an annual basis its national budget, to 
        include income and expenditures.
          (2) The Secretary of State may waive subsection 
        (e)(1) if the Secretary reports to the Committees on 
        Appropriations that to do so is in the national 
        interests of the United States.
          (3) The reporting requirement pursuant to section 
        585(b) of Public Law 108-7 regarding fiscal 
        transparency and accountability in countries whose 
        central governments receive United States foreign 
        assistance shall apply to this Act.

 EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AND 
                        CERTAIN OTHER COUNTRIES

  Sec. 669. Notwithstanding section 516(e) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j(e)), during fiscal year 
2008, funds available to the Department of Defense may be 
expended for crating, packing, handling, and transportation of 
excess defense articles transferred under the authority of 
section 516 of such Act to Albania, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, 
Croatia, Estonia, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, 
Georgia, India, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, 
Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Pakistan, Romania, Slovakia, 
Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Ukraine.

                         GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

  Sec. 670. Programs funded under titles III and IV of this Act 
that provide training for foreign police, judicial, and 
military officials, shall include, where appropriate, programs 
and activities that address gender-based violence.

  LIMITATION ON ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR CERTAIN FOREIGN 
    GOVERNMENTS THAT ARE PARTIES TO THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

  Sec. 671. (a) None of the funds made available in this Act 
under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' may be used to 
provide assistance to the government of a country that is a 
party to the International Criminal Court and has not entered 
into an agreement with the United States pursuant to Article 98 
of the Rome Statute preventing the International Criminal Court 
from proceeding against United States personnel present in such 
country.
  (b) The President may, with prior notice to Congress, waive 
the prohibition of subsection (a) with respect to a North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member country, a major 
non-NATO ally (including Australia, Egypt, Israel, Japan, 
Jordan, Argentina, the Republic of Korea, and New Zealand), 
Taiwan, or such other country as he may determine if he 
determines and reports to the appropriate congressional 
committees that it is important to the national interests of 
the United States to waive such prohibition.
  (c) The President may, with prior notice to Congress, waive 
the prohibition of subsection (a) with respect to a particular 
country if he determines and reports to the appropriate 
congressional committees that such country has entered into an 
agreement with the United States pursuant to Article 98 of the 
Rome Statute preventing the International Criminal Court from 
proceeding against United States personnel present in such 
country.
  (d) The prohibition of this section shall not apply to 
countries otherwise eligible for assistance under the 
Millennium Challenge Act of 2003, notwithstanding section 
606(a)(2)(B) of such Act.

                           WESTERN HEMISPHERE

  Sec. 672. (a) Central and South America.--Of the funds 
appropriated by this Act under the headings ``Global Health and 
Child Survival'' and ``Development Assistance'', not less than 
the amount of funds initially allocated for each such account 
pursuant to section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 for fiscal year 2007 shall be made available for El 
Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, Ecuador, Peru, 
Bolivia, Brazil, Latin America and Caribbean Regional, Central 
America Regional, and South America Regional: Provided, That 
for the purposes of this subsection, ``Global Health and Child 
Survival'' shall mean ``Child Survival and Health Programs 
Fund''.
  (b) Haiti.--
          (1) The Government of Haiti shall be eligible to 
        purchase defense articles and services under the Arms 
        Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.), for the 
        Coast Guard.
          (2) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under 
        titles III and IV, not less than $201,584,000 shall be 
        available for assistance for Haiti.
          (3) None of the funds made available by this Act 
        under the heading ``International Narcotics Control and 
        Law Enforcement'' may be used to transfer excess 
        weapons, ammunition or other lethal property of an 
        agency of the United States Government to the 
        Government of Haiti for use by the Haitian National 
        Police until the Secretary of State certifies to the 
        Committees on Appropriations that any members of the 
        Haitian National Police who have been credibly alleged 
        to have committed serious crimes, including drug 
        trafficking and human rights violations, have been 
        suspended and the Haitian Government is cooperating in 
        a reform and restructuring plan for the Haitian 
        National Police and the reform of the judicial system 
        as called for in United Nations Security Council 
        Resolution 1608 adopted on June 22, 2005.
  (c) Dominican Republic.--Of the funds appropriated by this 
Act under the headings ``Global Health and Child Survival'' and 
``Development Assistance'', not less than $23,000,000 shall be 
made available for assistance for the Dominican Republic, of 
which not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for 
basic health care, nutrition, sanitation, education, and 
shelter for migrant workers and other residents of batey 
communities.
  (d) Assistance for Guatemala.--
          (1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
        heading ``Economic Support Fund'' that are available 
        for assistance for Guatemala, not less than $4,000,000 
        shall be made available for a United States 
        contribution to the International Commission Against 
        Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG).
          (2) Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading 
        ``International Military Education and Training'' 
        (IMET) that are available for assistance for Guatemala, 
        other than for expanded IMET, may be made available 
        only for the Guatemalan Air Force, Navy and Army Corps 
        of Engineers: Provided, That assistance for the 
        Guatemalan Army Corps of Engineers shall only be 
        available for training to improve disaster response 
        capabilities and to participate in international 
        peacekeeping operations: Provided further, That such 
        funds may be made available only if the Secretary of 
        State certifies that the Guatemalan Air Force, Navy and 
        Army Corps of Engineers are respecting human rights and 
        are cooperating with civilian judicial investigations 
        and prosecutions of current and retired military 
        personnel who have been credibly alleged to have 
        committed violations of human rights.
          (3) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
        heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'', not 
        more than $500,000 may be made available for the 
        Guatemalan Air Force and Navy: Provided, That such 
        funds may be made available only if the Secretary of 
        State certifies that the Guatemalan Air Force and Navy 
        are respecting human rights and are cooperating with 
        civilian judicial investigations and prosecutions of 
        current and retired military personnel who have been 
        credibly alleged to have committed violations of human 
        rights, and the Guatemalan Armed Forces are fully 
        cooperating (including access for investigators, the 
        provision of documents and other evidence, and 
        testimony of witnesses) with the CICIG.
  (e) Free Trade Agreements.--Of the funds appropriated by this 
Act under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'', not less than 
$10,000,000 shall be made available for labor and environmental 
capacity building activities relating to the free trade 
agreements with countries of Central America and the Dominican 
Republic.
  (f) Notification Requirement.--Funds made available in this 
Act for assistance for Guatemala and Haiti under the headings 
referred to in this section shall be subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                                ZIMBABWE

  Sec. 673. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the 
United States executive director to each international 
financial institution to vote against any extension by the 
respective institution of any loans to the Government of 
Zimbabwe, except to meet basic human needs or to promote 
democracy, unless the Secretary of State determines and 
certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the rule of 
law has been restored in Zimbabwe, including respect for 
ownership and title to property, freedom of speech and 
association.

                       DEVELOPMENT GRANTS PROGRAM

  Sec. 674. (a) Establishment of the Program.--There is 
established within the United States Agency for International 
Development (USAID) a Development Grants Program (DGP) to 
provide small grants to United States and indigenous 
nongovernmental organizations for the purpose of carrying out 
the provisions of chapters 1 and 10 of part I and chapter 4 of 
part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
  (b) Eligibility for Grants.--Grants from the DGP shall be 
made only for proposals of nongovernmental organizations.
  (c) Competition.--Grants made pursuant to the authority of 
this section shall be provided through an open, transparent and 
competitive process.
  (d) Size of Program and Individual Grants.--
          (1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry 
        out chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than 
        $50,000,000 shall be made available for purposes of 
        this section: Provided, That not more than 50 percent 
        of this amount shall be derived from funds appropriated 
        to carry out chapter 1 of part I of such Act.
          (2) No individual organization can receive grants, or 
        grant amendments, made pursuant to this section in 
        excess of $2,000,000.
  (e) Availability of Other Funds.--Funds made available under 
this section are in addition to other funds available for such 
purposes including funds designated by this Act by section 665.
  (f) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``nongovernmental organization'' means a private voluntary 
organization, and shall not include entities owned in whole or 
in part by a government or governmental entity.
  (g) Report.--Within 90 days from the date of enactment of 
this Act, and after consultation with the Committees on 
Appropriations, the Administrator of USAID shall submit a 
report to those Committees describing the procedures and 
mechanisms USAID will use to implement this section.

                    DISASTER ASSISTANCE AND RECOVERY

  Sec. 675. Funds made available to the Comptroller General 
under chapter 4 of title I of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act (Public Law 106-31; 113 Stat. 69) and 
section 593 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and 
Programs Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (Public Law 106-429; 
114 Stat. 1900A-59) to monitor the provisions of assistance to 
address the effects of hurricanes in Central America and the 
Caribbean and the earthquake in Colombia, and to monitor the 
earthquake relief and reconstruction efforts in El Salvador 
under section 561 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, 
and Programs Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-
115; 115 Stat. 2162) shall also be available to the Comptroller 
General to monitor any other disaster assistance and recovery 
effort.

     UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  Sec. 676. (a) Authority.--Up to $81,000,000 of the funds made 
available in title III of this Act to carry out the provisions 
of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, including 
funds appropriated under the heading ``Assistance for Eastern 
Europe and the Baltic States'', may be used by the United 
States Agency for International Development (USAID) to hire and 
employ individuals in the United States and overseas on a 
limited appointment basis pursuant to the authority of sections 
308 and 309 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980.
  (b) Restrictions.--
          (1) The number of individuals hired in any fiscal 
        year pursuant to the authority contained in subsection 
        (a) may not exceed 175.
          (2) The authority to hire individuals contained in 
        subsection (a) shall expire on September 30, 2009.
  (c) Conditions.--The authority of subsection (a) may only be 
used to the extent that an equivalent number of positions that 
are filled by personal services contractors or other non-direct 
hire employees of USAID, who are compensated with funds 
appropriated to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961, including funds appropriated under the heading 
``Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States'', are 
eliminated.
  (d) Priority Sectors.--In exercising the authority of this 
section, primary emphasis shall be placed on enabling USAID to 
meet personnel positions in technical skill areas currently 
encumbered by contractor or other non-direct hire personnel.
  (e) Consultations.--The USAID Administrator shall consult 
with the Committees on Appropriations at least on a quarterly 
basis concerning the implementation of this section.
  (f) Program Account Charged.--The account charged for the 
cost of an individual hired and employed under the authority of 
this section shall be the account to which such individual's 
responsibilities primarily relate. Funds made available to 
carry out this section may be transferred to and merged and 
consolidated with funds appropriated for ``Operating Expenses 
of the United States Agency for International Development''.
  (g) Management Reform Pilot.--Of the funds made available in 
subsection (a), USAID may use, in addition to funds otherwise 
available for such purposes, up to $15,000,000 to fund overseas 
support costs of members of the Foreign Service with a Foreign 
Service rank of four or below: Provided, That such authority is 
only used to reduce USAID's reliance on overseas personal 
services contractors or other non-direct hire employees 
compensated with funds appropriated to carry out part I of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, including funds appropriated 
under the heading ``Assistance for Eastern Europe and the 
Baltic States''.
  (h) Disaster Surge Capacity.--Funds appropriated under title 
III of this Act to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, including funds appropriated under the heading 
``Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States'', may be 
used, in addition to funds otherwise available for such 
purposes, for the cost (including the support costs) of 
individuals detailed to or employed by the United States Agency 
for International Development whose primary responsibility is 
to carry out programs in response to natural disasters.

                        OPIC TRANSFER AUTHORITY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

  Sec. 677. Whenever the President determines that it is in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961, up to a total of $20,000,000 of the funds appropriated 
under title III of this Act may be transferred to and merged 
with funds appropriated by this Act for the Overseas Private 
Investment Corporation Program Account, to be subject to the 
terms and conditions of that account: Provided, That such funds 
shall not be available for administrative expenses of the 
Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Provided further, That 
designated funding levels in this Act shall not be transferred 
pursuant to this section: Provided further, That the exercise 
of such authority shall be subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                         REPORTING REQUIREMENT

  Sec. 678. The Secretary of State shall provide the Committees 
on Appropriations, not later than April 1, 2008, and for each 
fiscal quarter, a report in writing on the uses of funds made 
available under the headings ``Foreign Military Financing 
Program'', ``International Military Education and Training'', 
and ``Peacekeeping Operations'': Provided, That such report 
shall include a description of the obligation and expenditure 
of funds, and the specific country in receipt of, and the use 
or purpose of the assistance provided by such funds.

                               INDONESIA

  Sec. 679. (a) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'' up to 
$15,700,000 may be made available for assistance for Indonesia 
as follows--
          (1) Of the amount provided in subsection (a), 
        $13,000,000 may be made available upon enactment of 
        this Act.
          (2) Of the amount provided in subsection (a), 
        $2,700,000 may not be made available until the 
        Secretary of State reports to the Committees on 
        Appropriations--
                  (A) on the steps taken by the Government of 
                Indonesia on the following--
                          (i) prosecution and punishment, in a 
                        manner proportional to the crime, for 
                        members of the Armed Forces who have 
                        been credibly alleged to have committed 
                        gross violations of human rights in 
                        Timor-Leste and elsewhere, and 
                        cooperation by the Armed Forces with 
                        civilian judicial authorities and with 
                        international efforts to resolve cases 
                        of gross violations of human rights; 
                        and
                          (ii) implementation by the Armed 
                        Forces of reforms to increase the 
                        transparency and accountability of 
                        their operations and financial 
                        management; and
                  (B) that the Government of Indonesia has 
                written plans to effectively provide 
                accountability for past violations of human 
                rights by members of the Armed Forces, and is 
                implementing plans to effectively allow public 
                access to Papua and to pursue the criminal 
                investigation and provide the projected 
                timeframe for completing the investigation of 
                the murder of Munir Said Thalib.
  (b) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading 
``Economic Support Fund'' that are available for assistance for 
Indonesia, not less than $250,000 should be made available for 
grants for capacity building of Indonesian human rights 
organizations, including in Papua.

                      LIMITATION ON BASING IN IRAQ

  Sec. 680. None of the funds made available in this Act may be 
used by the Government of the United States to enter into a 
permanent basing rights agreement between the United States and 
Iraq.

                     PROHIBITION ON USE OF TORTURE

  Sec. 681. None of the funds made available in this Act shall 
be used in any way whatsoever to support or justify the use of 
torture, cruel or inhumane treatment by any official or 
contract employee of the United States Government.

                          REPORT ON INDONESIA

  Sec. 682. Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations that describes--
          (1) the steps taken by the Government of Indonesia to 
        deny promotion, suspend from active service, and pursue 
        prosecution of military officers indicted for serious 
        crimes, and the extent to which past and present 
        Indonesian military officials are cooperating with 
        domestic inquiries into human rights abuses, including 
        the forced disappearance and killing of student 
        activists in 1998 and 1999;
          (2) the responses of the Governments of Indonesia and 
        Timor-Leste to the Final Report of the Commission for 
        Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in Timor-Leste and 
        the June 2006 report of the report to the Secretary-
        General of the Commission of Experts to Review the 
        Prosecution of Serious Violations of Human Rights in 
        Timor-Leste in 1999; and
          (3) the steps taken by the Indonesian military to 
        divest itself of illegal businesses.

                              EXTRADITION

  Sec. 683. (a) None of the funds appropriated in this Act for 
the Department of State may be used to provide assistance 
(other than funds provided under the headings ``International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement'', ``Migration and 
Refugee Assistance'', ``Emergency Migration and Refugee 
Assistance'', and ``Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining 
and Related Assistance'') for the central government of a 
country which has notified the Department of State of its 
refusal to extradite to the United States any individual 
indicted for a criminal offense for which the maximum penalty 
is life imprisonment without the possibility of parole or for 
killing a law enforcement officer, as specified in a United 
States extradition request.
  (b) Subsection (a) shall only apply to the central government 
of a country with which the United States maintains diplomatic 
relations and with which the United States has an extradition 
treaty and the government of that country is in violation of 
the terms and conditions of the treaty.
  (c) The Secretary of State may waive the restriction in 
subsection (a) on a case-by-case basis if the Secretary 
certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that such waiver 
is important to the national interests of the United States.

                    ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY PROGRAMS

  Sec. 684. (a) Biodiversity.--Of the funds appropriated under 
the heading ``Development Assistance'', not less than 
$195,000,000 shall be made available for programs and 
activities which directly protect biodiversity, including 
forests, in developing countries, of which not less than the 
amount of funds initially allocated pursuant to section 653(a) 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal year 2006 
shall be made available for such activities in Brazil, 
Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, and that in addition to 
such amounts for such countries not less than $15,000,000 shall 
be made available for the United States Agency for 
International Development's Amazon Basin Conservation 
Initiative: Provided, That of the funds appropriated by this 
Act, not less than $2,000,000 should be made available for 
wildlife conservation and protected area management in the 
Boma-Jonglei landscape of Southern Sudan, and not less than 
$17,500,000 shall be made available for the Congo Basin Forest 
Partnership of which not less than $2,500,000 shall be made 
available to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for 
great apes conservation programs in Central Africa.
  (b) Energy.--
          (1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act, not less 
        than $195,000,000 shall be made available to support 
        clean energy and other climate change programs in 
        developing countries, of which not less than 
        $125,000,000 should be made available to directly 
        promote and deploy energy conservation, energy 
        efficiency, and renewable and clean energy technologies 
        with an emphasis on small hydro, solar and wind energy, 
        and of which the balance should be made available to 
        directly: (1) reduce greenhouse gas emissions; (2) 
        increase carbon sequestration activities; and (3) 
        support climate change mitigation and adaptation 
        programs.
          (2) The Secretary of State shall convene an 
        interagency committee, including appropriate officials 
        of the Department of State, the United States Agency 
        for International Development, and the Environmental 
        Protection Agency, to evaluate the specific needs of 
        developing countries in adapting to climate change 
        impacts: Provided, That the Secretary shall submit a 
        report to the Committees on Appropriations not later 
        than September 1, 2008, describing such needs, on a 
        country-by-country and regional basis, and the actions 
        planned and being taken by the United States, including 
        funding provided to developing countries specifically 
        for adaptation to climate change impacts.
  (c) Extraction of Natural Resources.--
          (1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall inform the 
        managements of the international financial institutions 
        and the public that it is the policy of the United 
        States that any assistance by such institutions 
        (including but not limited to any loan, credit, grant, 
        or guarantee) for the extraction and export of oil, 
        gas, coal, timber, or other natural resource should not 
        be provided unless the government of the country has in 
        place functioning systems for: (A) accurately 
        accounting for payments for companies involved in the 
        extraction and export of natural resources; (B) the 
        independent auditing of accounts receiving such 
        payments and the widespread public dissemination of the 
        findings of such audits; and (C) verifying government 
        receipts against company payments including widespread 
        dissemination of such payment information, and 
        disclosing such documents as Host Government 
        Agreements, Concession Agreements, and bidding 
        documents, allowing in any such dissemination or 
        disclosure for the redaction of, or exceptions for, 
        information that is commercially proprietary or that 
        would create competitive disadvantage.
          (2) Not later than 180 days after the enactment of 
        this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a 
        report to the Committees on Appropriations describing, 
        for each international financial institution, the 
        amount and type of assistance provided, by country, for 
        the extraction and export of oil, gas, coal, timber, or 
        other natural resources since September 30, 2006, and 
        whether each institution considered, in its proposal 
        for such assistance, the extent to which the country 
        has functioning systems described in paragraph (c)(1).

                               UZBEKISTAN

  Sec. 685. (a) Funds appropriated by this Act may be made 
available for assistance for the central Government of 
Uzbekistan only if the Secretary of State determines and 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that the Government 
of Uzbekistan is making substantial and continuing progress--
          (1) in meeting its commitments under the 
        ``Declaration on the Strategic Partnership and 
        Cooperation Framework Between the Republic of 
        Uzbekistan and the United States of America'', 
        including respect for human rights, establishing a 
        genuine multi-party system, and ensuring free and fair 
        elections, freedom of expression, and the independence 
        of the media; and
          (2) in investigating and prosecuting the individuals 
        responsible for the deliberate killings of civilians in 
        Andijan in May 2005.
  (b) If the Secretary of State has credible evidence that any 
current or former official of the Government of Uzbekistan was 
responsible for the deliberate killings of civilians in Andijan 
in May 2005, or for other gross violations of human rights in 
Uzbekistan, not later than 6 months after enactment of this Act 
any person identified by the Secretary pursuant to this 
subsection shall be ineligible for admission to the United 
States.
  (c) The restriction in subsection (b) shall cease to apply if 
the Secretary determines and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that the Government of Uzbekistan has taken 
concrete and measurable steps to improve respect for 
internationally recognized human rights, including allowing 
peaceful political and religious expression, releasing 
imprisoned human rights defenders, and implementing 
recommendations made by the United Nations on torture.
  (d) The Secretary may waive the application of subsection (b) 
if the Secretary determines that admission to the United States 
is necessary to attend the United Nations or to further United 
States law enforcement objectives.
  (e) For the purpose of this section ``assistance'' shall 
include excess defense articles.

                  REPRESSION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

  Sec. 686. (a) None of the funds appropriated for assistance 
under this Act may be made available for the Government of the 
Russian Federation, after 180 days from the date of the 
enactment of this Act, unless the President determines and 
certifies in writing to the Committees on Appropriations that 
the Government of the Russian Federation: (1) has implemented 
no statute, Executive order, regulation or similar government 
action that would discriminate, or which has as its principal 
effect discrimination, against religious groups or religious 
communities in the Russian Federation in violation of accepted 
international agreements on human rights and religious freedoms 
to which the Russian Federation is a party; and (2) is (A) 
honoring its international obligations regarding freedom of 
expression, assembly, and press, as well as due process; (B) 
investigating and prosecuting law enforcement personnel 
credibly alleged to have committed human rights abuses against 
political leaders, activists and journalists; and (C) 
immediately releasing political leaders, activists and 
journalists who remain in detention.
  (b) The Secretary of State may waive the requirements of 
subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that to do so is 
important to the national interests of the United States.

                          WAR CRIMES IN AFRICA

  Sec. 687. (a) The Congress reaffirms its support for the 
efforts of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 
(ICTR) and the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) to bring 
to justice individuals responsible for war crimes and crimes 
against humanity in a timely manner.
  (b) Funds appropriated by this Act, including funds for debt 
restructuring, may be made available for assistance to the 
central government of a country in which individuals indicted 
by ICTR and SCSL are credibly alleged to be living, if the 
Secretary of State determines and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that such government is cooperating with ICTR 
and SCSL, including the surrender and transfer of indictees in 
a timely manner: Provided, That this subsection shall not apply 
to assistance provided under section 551 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 or to project assistance under title II 
of this Act: Provided further, That the United States shall use 
its voice and vote in the United Nations Security Council to 
fully support efforts by ICTR and SCSL to bring to justice 
individuals indicted by such tribunals in a timely manner.
  (c) The prohibition in subsection (b) may be waived on a 
country by country basis if the President determines that doing 
so is in the national security interest of the United States: 
Provided, That prior to exercising such waiver authority, the 
President shall submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, in classified form if necessary, on--
          (1) the steps being taken to obtain the cooperation 
        of the government in surrendering the indictee in 
        question to the court of jurisdiction;
          (2) a strategy, including a timeline, for bringing 
        the indictee before such court; and
          (3) the justification for exercising the waiver 
        authority.

        COMBATTING PIRACY OF UNITED STATES COPYRIGHTED MATERIALS

  Sec. 688. (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of State may 
carry out a program of activities to combat piracy in countries 
that are not members of the Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Development, including activities as follows:
          (1) The provision of equipment and training for law 
        enforcement, including in the interpretation of 
        intellectual property laws.
          (2) The provision of training for judges and 
        prosecutors, including in the interpretation of 
        intellectual property laws.
          (3) The provision of assistance in complying with 
        obligations under applicable international treaties and 
        agreements on copyright and intellectual property.
  (b) Consultation With World Intellectual Property 
Organization.--In carrying out the program authorized by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable, consult with and provide assistance to the World 
Intellectual Property Organization in order to promote the 
integration of countries described in subsection (a) into the 
global intellectual property system.
  (c) Funding.--Of the amount appropriated or otherwise made 
available under the heading ``International Narcotics Control 
and Law Enforcement'', $5,000,000 may be made available in 
fiscal year 2008 for the program authorized by subsection (a).

                      NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES

  Sec. 689. Of the funds appropriated under the heading 
``Global Health and Child Survival'', not less than $15,000,000 
shall be made available to support the United States Agency for 
International Development's ongoing program to implement an 
integrated response to the control of neglected diseases 
including intestinal parasites, schistosomiasis, lymphatic 
filariasis, onchocerciasis, trachoma and leprosy: Provided, 
That the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
International Development shall consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations, representatives from the relevant international 
technical and nongovernmental organizations addressing the 
specific diseases, recipient countries, donor countries, the 
private sector, UNICEF and the World Health Organization: (1) 
on the most effective uses of such funds to demonstrate the 
health and economic benefits of such an approach; and (2) to 
develop a multilateral, integrated initiative to control these 
diseases that will enhance coordination and effectiveness and 
maximize the leverage of United States contributions with those 
of other donors: Provided further, That funds made available 
pursuant to this section shall be subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                                 EGYPT

  Sec. 690. (a) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'' or under the 
heading ``Economic Support Fund'' that are available for 
assistance for Egypt, $100,000,000 shall not be made available 
for obligation until the Secretary of State certifies and 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that the Government 
of Egypt has taken concrete and measurable steps to--
          (1) adopt and implement judicial reforms that protect 
        the independence of the judiciary;
          (2) review criminal procedures and train police 
        leadership in modern policing to curb police abuses; 
        and
          (3) detect and destroy the smuggling network and 
        tunnels that lead from Egypt to Gaza.
  (b) Not less than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary may waive subsection (a) if the Secretary determines 
and reports to the Committees on Appropriations that such 
waiver is in the national security interest of the United 
States.

RELIEF FOR IRAQI, MONTAGNARDS, HMONG AND OTHER REFUGEES WHO DO NOT POSE 
                     A THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES

  Sec. 691. (a) Amendment to Authority to Determine the Bar to 
Admission Inapplicable.--Section 212(d)(3)(B)(i) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(3)(B)(i)) is 
amended to read as follows:
  ``The Secretary of State, after consultation with the 
Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security, or the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State and the Attorney General, may determine in 
such Secretary's sole unreviewable discretion that subsection 
(a)(3)(B) shall not apply with respect to an alien within the 
scope of that subsection or that subsection (a)(3)(B)(vi)(III) 
shall not apply to a group within the scope of that subsection, 
except that no such waiver may be extended to an alien who is 
within the scope of subsection (a)(3)(B)(i)(II), no such waiver 
may be extended to an alien who is a member or representative 
of, has voluntarily and knowingly engaged in or endorsed or 
espoused or persuaded others to endorse or espouse or support 
terrorist activity on behalf of, or has voluntarily and 
knowingly received military-type training from a terrorist 
organization that is described in subclause (I) or (II) of 
subsection (a)(3)(B)(vi), and no such waiver may be extended to 
a group that has engaged terrorist activity against the United 
States or another democratic country or that has purposefully 
engaged in a pattern or practice of terrorist activity that is 
directed at civilians. Such a determination shall neither 
prejudice the ability of the United States Government to 
commence criminal or civil proceedings involving a beneficiary 
of such a determination or any other person, nor create any 
substantive or procedural right or benefit for a beneficiary of 
such a determination or any other person. Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law (statutory or nonstatutory), including 
section 2241 of title 28, or any other habeas corpus provision, 
and sections 1361 and 1651 of such title, no court shall have 
jurisdiction to review such a determination or revocation 
except in a proceeding for review of a final order of removal 
pursuant to section 1252 of this title, and review shall be 
limited to the extent provided in section 1252(a)(2)(D). The 
Secretary of State may not exercise the discretion provided in 
this clause with respect to an alien at any time during which 
the alien is the subject of pending removal proceedings under 
section 1229a of this title.''.
  (b) Automatic Relief for the Hmong and Other Groups That Do 
Not Pose a Threat to the United States.--For purposes of 
section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)), the Karen National Union/Karen 
Liberation Army (KNU/KNLA), the Chin National Front/Chin 
National Army (CNF/CNA), the Chin National League for Democracy 
(CNLD), the Kayan New Land Party (KNLP), the Arakan Liberation 
Party (ALP), the Mustangs, the Alzados, the Karenni National 
Progressive Party, and appropriate groups affiliated with the 
Hmong and the Montagnards shall not be considered to be a 
terrorist organization on the basis of any act or event 
occurring before the date of enactment of this section. Nothing 
in this subsection may be construed to alter or limit the 
authority of the Secretary of State or the Secretary of 
Homeland Security to exercise his discretionary authority 
pursuant to section 212(d)(3)(B)(i) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(3)(B)(i)).
  (c) Technical Correction.--Section 212(a)(3)(B)(ii) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)(ii)) is 
amended by striking ``Subclause (VII)'' and inserting 
``Subclause (IX)''.
  (d) Designation of the Taliban as a Terrorist Organization.--
For purposes of section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)), the Taliban shall be 
considered to be a terrorist organization described in 
subclause (I) of clause (vi) of that section.
  (e) Report on Duress Waivers.--The Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall provide to the Committees on the Judiciary of 
the United States Senate and House of Representatives a report, 
not less than 180 days after the enactment of this Act and 
every year thereafter, which may include a classified annex, if 
appropriate, describing--
          (1) the number of individuals subject to removal from 
        the United States for having provided material support 
        to a terrorist group who allege that such support was 
        provided under duress;
          (2) a breakdown of the types of terrorist 
        organizations to which the individuals described in 
        paragraph (1) have provided material support;
          (3) a description of the factors that the Department 
        of Homeland Security considers when evaluating duress 
        waivers; and
          (4) any other information that the Secretary believes 
        that the Congress should consider while overseeing the 
        Department's application of duress waivers.
  (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of enactment of this section, and 
these amendments and sections 212(a)(3)(B) and 212(d)(3)(B) of 
the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B) and 
1182(d)(3)(B)), as amended by these sections, shall apply to--
          (1) removal proceedings instituted before, on, or 
        after the date of enactment of this section; and
          (2) acts and conditions constituting a ground for 
        inadmissibility, excludability, deportation, or removal 
        occurring or existing before, on, or after such date.

                  REPORT ON ANTI-CORRUPTION ACTIVITIES

  Sec. 692. Not later than August 1, 2008, the Secretary of 
State, in consultation with the Administrator of the United 
States Agency for International Development and the Chief 
Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation, 
shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report on 
the level of corruption in each country that receives 
development assistance appropriated in this Act.

           DEMOCRACY, THE RULE OF LAW, AND GOVERNANCE IN IRAN

  Sec. 693. Of the funds appropriated in this Act, $60,000,000 
should be made available for programs to promote democracy, the 
rule of law, and governance in Iran.

              DENIAL OF VISAS RELATED TO REMOVAL OF ALIENS

  Sec. 694. None of the funds made available in this Act may be 
expended in violation of section 243(d) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1253(d)) (relating to discontinuing 
granting visas to nationals of countries that are denying or 
delaying accepting aliens removed from the United States).

                  UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

  Sec. 695. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this Act may 
be made available for a United States contribution to the 
United Nations Human Rights Council.
  (b) The prohibition under subsection (a) shall not apply if--
          (1) the Secretary of State certifies to the 
        Committees on Appropriations that the provision of 
        funds to support the United Nations Human Rights 
        Council is in the national interest of the United 
        States; or
          (2) the United States is a member of the Human Rights 
        Council.

                ATTENDANCE AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES

  Sec. 696. None of the funds made available in this Act may be 
used to send or otherwise pay for the attendance of more than 
50 employees of agencies or departments of the United States 
Government who are stationed in the United States, at any 
single international conference occurring outside the United 
States, unless the Secretary of State determines that such 
attendance is in the national interest: Provided, That for 
purposes of this section the term ``international conference'' 
shall mean a conference attended by representatives of the 
United States Government and representatives of foreign 
governments, international organizations, or nongovernmental 
organizations.

                              SAUDI ARABIA

  Sec. 697. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available pursuant to this Act shall be obligated or expended 
to finance any assistance to Saudi Arabia: Provided, That the 
President may waive the prohibition of this section if the 
President certifies to the Committees on Appropriations, 15 
days prior to the obligation of funds for assistance for Saudi 
Arabia, that Saudi Arabia is cooperating with efforts to combat 
international terrorism and that the proposed assistance will 
help facilitate that effort.

                              CENTRAL ASIA

  Sec. 698. (a) Funds appropriated by this Act may be made 
available for assistance for the Government of Kazakhstan only 
if the Secretary of State determines and reports to the 
Committees on Appropriations that the Government of Kazakhstan 
has made significant improvements in the protection of human 
rights and civil liberties during the preceding 6 month period, 
including by fulfilling obligations recommended by the 
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in 
the areas of election procedures, media freedom, freedom of 
religion, free assembly and minority rights, and by meeting the 
commitments it made in connection with its assumption of the 
Chairmanship of the OSCE in 2010.
  (b) The Secretary of State may waive subsection (a) if the 
Secretary determines and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that such a waiver is important to the national 
security of the United States.
  (c) Not later than October 1, 2008, the Secretary of State 
shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations and 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
describing the following:
          (1) The defense articles, defense services, and 
        financial assistance provided by the United States to 
        the countries of Central Asia during the 12-month 
        period ending 30 days prior to submission of such 
        report.
          (2) The use during such period of defense articles, 
        defense services, and financial assistance provided by 
        the United States by units of the armed forces, border 
        guards, or other security forces of such countries.
  (d) For purposes of this section, the term ``countries of 
Central Asia'' means Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, 
Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

                          DISABILITY PROGRAMS

  Sec. 699. (a) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
heading ``Economic Support Fund'', not less than $4,000,000 
shall be made available for programs and activities 
administered by the United States Agency for International 
Development (USAID) to address the needs and protect the rights 
of people with disabilities in developing countries, of which 
$1,500,000 should be made available to disability advocacy 
organizations that have expertise in working to protect the 
rights and increasing the independence and full participation 
of people with disabilities: Provided, That funds for 
disability advocacy organizations should be used for training 
and technical assistance for foreign disabled persons 
organizations in such areas as advocacy, education, independent 
living, and transportation, with the goal of promoting equal 
participation of people with disabilities in developing 
countries: Provided further, That USAID should seek to disburse 
at least 25 percent of the funds made available pursuant to 
this subsection in the form of small grants.
  (b) Funds appropriated under the heading ``Operating Expenses 
of the United States Agency for International Development'' 
shall be made available to develop and implement training for 
staff in overseas USAID missions to promote the full inclusion 
and equal participation of people with disabilities in 
developing countries.
  (c) The Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, 
and the Administrator of USAID shall seek to ensure that, where 
appropriate, construction projects funded by this Act are 
accessible to people with disabilities and in compliance with 
the USAID Policy on Standards for Accessibility for the 
Disabled, or other similar accessibility standards.
  (d) Of the funds made available pursuant to subsection (a), 
not more than 7 percent may be for management, oversight and 
technical support.
  (e) Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and 180 days thereafter, the Administrator of USAID 
shall submit a report describing the programs, activities, and 
organizations funded pursuant to this section.

               ORPHANS, DISPLACED AND ABANDONED CHILDREN

  Sec. 699A. Of the funds appropriated under title III of this 
Act, $3,000,000 should be made available for activities to 
improve the capacity of foreign government agencies and 
nongovernmental organizations to prevent child abandonment, 
address the needs of orphans, displaced and abandoned children 
and provide permanent homes through family reunification, 
guardianship and domestic adoptions: Provided, That funds made 
available under title III of this Act should be made available, 
as appropriate, consistent with--
          (1) the goal of enabling children to remain in the 
        care of their family of origin, but when not possible, 
        placing children in permanent homes through adoption;
          (2) the principle that such placements should be 
        based on informed consent which has not been induced by 
        payment or compensation;
          (3) the view that long-term foster care or 
        institutionalization are not permanent options and 
        should be used when no other suitable permanent options 
        are available; and
          (4) the recognition that programs that protect and 
        support families can reduce the abandonment and 
        exploitation of children.

 ADVISOR FOR ACTIVITIES RELATING TO INDIGENOUS PEOPLES INTERNATIONALLY

  Sec. 699B. (a) Advisor.--After consultation with the 
Committees on Appropriations and not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act, there shall be established within 
the Department of State in the immediate office of the Director 
of United States Foreign Assistance an Advisor for Activities 
Relating to Indigenous Peoples Internationally (hereinafter in 
this section referred to as the ``Advisor''), who shall be 
appointed by the Director. The Advisor shall report directly to 
the Director.
  (b) Responsibilities.--The Advisor shall:
          (1) Advise the Director of United States Foreign 
        Assistance and the Administrator of the United States 
        Agency for International Development on matters 
        relating to the rights and needs of indigenous peoples 
        internationally and should represent the United States 
        Government on such matters in meetings with foreign 
        governments and multilateral institutions.
          (2) Provide for the oversight and coordination of all 
        resources, programs, projects, and activities of the 
        United States Government to protect the rights and 
        address the needs of indigenous peoples 
        internationally.
          (3) Develop and coordinate assistance strategies with 
        specific goals, guidelines, benchmarks, and impact 
        assessments (including support for local indigenous 
        peoples' organizations).
  (c) Funds.--Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
heading ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'', not less than 
$250,000 shall be made available for implementing the 
provisions of this section.
  (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations describing progress made in implementing this 
section.

                             CHILD SOLDIERS

  Sec. 699C. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available for foreign military financing, foreign military 
sales, direct commercial sales, or excess Defense articles by 
this Act or any other Act making appropriations for foreign 
operations, export financing, and related programs may be 
obligated or otherwise made available to the government of a 
country that is identified by the Department of State in the 
Department of State's most recent Country Reports on Human 
Rights Practices as having governmental armed forces or 
government supported armed groups, including paramilitaries, 
militias, or civil defense forces, that recruit or use child 
soldiers.
  (b) The Secretary of State may provide assistance or defense 
articles otherwise prohibited under subsection (a) to a country 
upon certifying to the Committees on Appropriations that the 
government of such country has implemented effective measures 
to demobilize children from its forces or from government-
supported armed groups and prohibit and prevent the future 
recruitment or use of child soldiers.
  (c) The Secretary of State may waive the application to a 
country of the prohibition in subsection (a) if the Secretary 
determines and reports to the Committees on Appropriations that 
such waiver is important to the national interest of the United 
States.

                           FUNDING FOR SERBIA

  Sec. 699D. (a) Funds appropriated by this Act may be made 
available for assistance for the central Government of Serbia 
after May 31, 2008, if the President has made the determination 
and certification contained in subsection (c).
  (b) After May 31, 2008, the Secretary of the Treasury should 
instruct the United States executive directors to the 
international financial institutions to support loans and 
assistance to the Government of Serbia subject to the 
conditions in subsection (c).
  (c) The determination and certification referred to in 
subsection (a) is a determination by the President and a 
certification to the Committees on Appropriations that the 
Government of Serbia is--
          (1) cooperating with the International Criminal 
        Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia including access for 
        investigators, the provision of documents, timely 
        information on the location, movement, and sources of 
        financial support of indictees, and the surrender and 
        transfer of indictees or assistance in their 
        apprehension, including Ratko Mladic and Radovan 
        Karadzic;
          (2) taking steps that are consistent with the Dayton 
        Accords to end Serbian financial, political, security 
        and other support which has served to maintain separate 
        Republika Srpska institutions; and
          (3) taking steps to implement policies which reflect 
        a respect for minority rights and the rule of law.
  (d) This section shall not apply to Kosovo, humanitarian 
assistance or assistance to promote democracy.

                              PHILIPPINES

  Sec. 699E. Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'', not to exceed 
$30,000,000 may be made available for assistance for the 
Philippines, of which $2,000,000 may only be made available 
after the Secretary of State reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that--
          (1) the Philippine Government is implementing the 
        recommendations of the United Nations Special 
        Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary 
        Executions;
          (2) the Philippine Government is implementing a 
        policy of promoting military personnel who demonstrate 
        professionalism and respect for human rights, and is 
        investigating and prosecuting military personnel and 
        others who have been credibly alleged to have committed 
        extrajudicial executions or other violations of human 
        rights; and
          (3) the Philippine military is not engaging in acts 
        of intimidation or violence against members of legal 
        organizations who advocate for human rights.

                                PAKISTAN

  Sec. 699F. (a) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under 
the heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'', up to 
$300,000,000 may be made available for assistance for Pakistan 
as follows:
  (b) Of the amount provided in subsection (a), $250,000,000 
may be made available immediately for counter-terrorism and law 
enforcement activities directed against Al Qaeda and the 
Taliban and associated terrorist groups, and $50,000,000 may be 
made available for such purposes after the Secretary of State 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that the Government 
of Pakistan--
          (1) is making concerted efforts to prevent Al Qaeda 
        and associated terrorist groups from operating in the 
        territory of Pakistan, including by eliminating 
        terrorist training camps or facilities, arresting 
        members of Al Qaeda and associated terrorist groups, 
        and countering recruitment efforts;
          (2) is making concerted efforts to prevent the 
        Taliban from using the territory of Pakistan as a 
        sanctuary from which to launch attacks within 
        Afghanistan, including by arresting Taliban leaders, 
        stopping cross-border incursions, and countering 
        recruitment efforts; and
          (3) is implementing democratic reforms, including--
                  (A) restoring the Constitution of Pakistan 
                and ensuring freedoms of expression and 
                assembly and other civil liberties guaranteed 
                by the Constitution;
                  (B) releasing political detainees and 
                allowing inclusive democratic elections;
                  (C) ending harassment and detention of 
                journalists, human rights defenders and 
                government critics by security and intelligence 
                forces; and
                  (D) restoring an independent judiciary and 
                ending interference in the judicial process.
  (c) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading 
``Economic Support Fund'' for assistance for Pakistan, up to 
$5,000,000 may be used for administrative expenses of the 
United States Agency for International Development: Provided, 
That none of the funds appropriated by this Act may be made 
available for cash transfer assistance for Pakistan.

                               SRI LANKA

  Sec. 699G. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this Act 
under the heading ``Foreign Military Financing Program'' may be 
made available for assistance for Sri Lanka, no defense export 
license may be issued, and no military equipment or technology 
shall be sold or transferred to Sri Lanka pursuant to the 
authorities contained in this Act or any other Act, unless the 
Secretary of State certifies to the Committee on Appropriations 
that--
          (1) the Sri Lankan military is suspending and the Sri 
        Lankan Government is bringing to justice members of the 
        military who have been credibly alleged to have 
        committed gross violations of human rights or 
        international humanitarian law, including complicity in 
        the recruitment of child soldiers;
          (2) the Sri Lankan Government is providing access to 
        humanitarian organizations and journalists throughout 
        the country consistent with international humanitarian 
        law; and
          (3) the Sri Lankan Government has agreed to the 
        establishment of a field presence of the Office of the 
        United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in 
        Sri Lanka with sufficient staff and mandate to conduct 
        full and unfettered monitoring throughout the country 
        and to publicize its findings.
  (b) Subsection (a) shall not apply to technology or equipment 
made available for the limited purposes of maritime and air 
surveillance and communications.

                     MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS

  Sec. 699H. (a) World Bank Inspection Panel.--The Secretary of 
the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive 
Director to the World Bank to inform the Bank of, and use the 
voice and vote of the United States to achieve transparency 
reforms of the selection process for members of the World Bank 
Inspection Panel, including--
          (1) posting Inspection Panel position vacancy 
        announcements on the Inspection Panel's website and in 
        publications that have wide circulation in member 
        countries;
          (2) making public official procedures for the 
        selection of Inspection Panel vacancies; and
          (3) posting on the Inspection Panel's website the 
        names of the members of the selection committee and the 
        name or names of the individuals proposed by the 
        selection committee to the President of the World Bank.
  (b) Authorizations.--
          (1) Section 501(i) of title V of H.R. 3425 as enacted 
        into law by section 1000(a)(5) of Public Law 106-113, 
        as amended by section 591(b) of division D of Public 
        Law 108-447, is further amended by striking ``fiscal'' 
        and all that follows through ``which'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``fiscal years 2000-2010, which''.
          (2) Section 801(b)(1)(ii) of Public Law 106-429, as 
        amended by section 591(a)(2) of division D of Public 
        Law 108-447, is further amended by striking ``fiscal 
        years 2004-2006'' and by inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``fiscal years 2004-2010''.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

  Sec. 699I. (a) Section 607(b) of the Millennium Challenge Act 
of 2003 (22 U.S.C. 7706) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)(B) by striking ``and the 
        sustainable management of natural resources''; and
          (2) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                period and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding the following subparagraph:
                  ``(C) promote the protection of biodiversity 
                and the transparent and sustainable management 
                and use of natural resources.''.
  (b)(1) The Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium 
Challenge Corporation shall, not later than 30 days following 
enactment of this Act, submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the proposed uses, on a country-by-
country basis, of all funds appropriated under the heading 
``Millennium Challenge Corporation'' in this Act or prior Acts 
making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs projected to be obligated and expended in 
fiscal year 2008 and subsequent fiscal years.
  (2) The report required in paragraph (1) shall include, at a 
minimum, a description of--
          (A) compacts in development, including the status of 
        negotiations and the approximate range of value of the 
        proposed compact;
          (B) compacts in implementation, including the 
        projected expenditure and disbursement of compact funds 
        during fiscal year 2008 and subsequent fiscal years as 
        determined by the country compact;
          (C) threshold country programs in development, 
        including the approximate range of value of the 
        threshold country agreement;
          (D) threshold country programs in implementation;
          (E) use of administrative funds.
  (3) The Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge 
Corporation shall notify the Committees on Appropriations not 
later than 15 days prior to signing any new country compact or 
new threshold country program; terminating or suspending any 
country compact or threshold country program; or commencing 
negotiations for any new compact or threshold country program.
  (4) The report required in paragraph (1) shall be updated on 
a quarterly basis.

            CARRY FORWARD OF UNUSED SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISAS

  Sec. 699J. Section 1059(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Carry forward.--If the numerical limitation 
        described in paragraph (1) is not reached during a 
        given fiscal year, the numerical limitation for the 
        following fiscal year shall be increased by a number 
        equal to the difference between the number of visas 
        authorized for the given fiscal year and the number of 
        aliens provided special immigrant status during the 
        given fiscal year.''.

                                  IRAQ

  Sec. 699K. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available by this Act may be made available for assistance 
for Iraq.
  (b) Subsection (a) shall not apply to funds appropriated by 
this Act under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' that are 
made available to rescue Iraqi scholars and for the fund 
established by section 2108 of Public Law 109-13, to funds made 
available under the heading ``Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, 
Demining and Related Programs'' for the removal and disposal of 
land mines and other unexploded ordnance, small arms and light 
weapons in Iraq, or for assistance for refugees and internally 
displaced persons.

                            ANTI-KLEPTOCRACY

  Sec. 699L. (a) In furtherance of the National Strategy to 
Internationalize Efforts Against Kleptocracy and Presidential 
Proclamation 7750, the Secretary of State shall compile and 
maintain a list of officials of foreign governments and their 
immediate family members who the Secretary determines there is 
credible evidence to believe have been involved in corruption 
relating to the extraction of natural resources in their 
countries.
  (b) Any individual on the list submitted under subsection (a) 
shall be ineligible for admission to the United States.
  (c) The Secretary may waive the application of subsection (a) 
if the Secretary determines that admission to the United States 
is necessary to attend the United Nations or to further United 
States law enforcement objectives, or that the circumstances 
which caused the individual to be included on the list have 
changed sufficiently to justify the removal of the individual 
from the list.
  (d) Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act and 
180 days thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit a 
report, in classified form if necessary, to the Committees on 
Appropriations describing the evidence considered in 
determining involvement pursuant to subsection (a).

        COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR THREAT REDUCTION AND SECURITY PLAN

  Sec. 699M. (a) Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to Congress a 
comprehensive nuclear threat reduction and security plan, in 
classified and unclassified forms--
          (1) for ensuring that all nuclear weapons and 
        weapons-usable material at vulnerable sites are secure 
        by 2012 against the threats that terrorists have shown 
        they can pose; and
          (2) for working with other countries to ensure 
        adequate accounting and security for such materials on 
        an ongoing basis thereafter.
  (b) For each element of the accounting and security effort 
described under subsection (a)(2), the plan shall--
          (1) clearly designate agency and departmental 
        responsibility and accountability;
          (2) specify program goals, with metrics for measuring 
        progress, estimated schedules, and specified milestones 
        to be achieved;
          (3) provide estimates of the program budget 
        requirements and resources to meet the goals for each 
        year; and
          (4) provide the strategy for diplomacy and related 
        tools and authority to accomplish the program element;
          (5) provide a strategy for expanding the financial 
        support and other assistance provided by other 
        countries, particularly Russia, the European Union and 
        its member states, China, and Japan, for the purposes 
        of securing nuclear weapons and weapons-usable material 
        worldwide; and
          (6) outline the progress in and impediments to 
        securing agreement from all countries that possess 
        nuclear weapons or weapons-usable material on a set of 
        global nuclear security standards, consistent with 
        their obligation to comply with United Nations Security 
        Council Resolution 1540.

                  PROHIBITION ON PROMOTION OF TOBACCO

  Sec. 699N. None of the funds provided by this Act shall be 
available to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products, or to seek the reduction or removal by any foreign 
country of restrictions on the marketing of tobacco or tobacco 
products, except for restrictions which are not applied equally 
to all tobacco or tobacco products of the same type.

                     UNOBLIGATED FUNDS RESCISSIONS

  Sec. 699O. (a) Of the funds appropriated under the heading 
``Subsidy Appropriation'' for the Export-Import Bank of the 
United States that are available for tied-aid grants in title I 
of Public Law 107-115 and under such heading in prior Acts 
making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs, $25,000,000 are rescinded.
  (b) Of the funds appropriated under the heading ``Economic 
Support Fund'' in prior Acts making appropriations for foreign 
operations, export financing, and related programs, 
$133,000,000 are rescinded.

                      ACROSS-THE-BOARD RESCISSION

  Sec. 699P. (a) Bill-wide Rescissions.--There is hereby 
rescinded an amount equal to .81 percent of the budget 
authority provided for fiscal year 2008 for any discretionary 
account in this Act.
  (b) Proportionate Application.--Any rescission made by 
subsection (a) shall be applied proportionately--
          (1) to each discretionary account and each item of 
        budget authority described in subsection (a); and
          (2) within each such account and item, to each 
        program, project, and activity (with programs, 
        projects, and activities as delineated in the 
        appropriation Act or accompanying explanatory 
        statements for the relevant fiscal year covering such 
        account or item, or for accounts and items not included 
        in appropriation Acts, as delineated in the most 
        recently submitted President's budget).
  (c) OMB Report.--Within 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget shall submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report specifying the account and amount of 
each rescission made pursuant to this section.
  (d) Exception.--The rescission in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to funds provided in this Act designated as described in 
section 5 (in the matter preceding division A of this 
consolidated Act).
  This division may be cited as the ``Department of State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2008''.
    [Clerk's note: Reproduced below is the material relating to 
division J contained in the ``Explanatory Statement Submitted 
by Mr. Obey, Chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations, 
Regarding the Consolidated Appropriations Amendment of the 
House of Representatives to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 
2764''.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ This Explanatory Statement was submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record on December 17, 2007, prior to House consideration 
of the Consolidated Appropriations amendment and as directed by the 
House of Representatives in section 3 of H. Res. 869. The Statement 
appears in books II and III of the December 17 Congressional Record, 
with the division I portion beginning on page H16381 of book III.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The amendment discussed in the Explanatory Statement was 
agreed to without change by both the House of Representatives 
and the Senate. Therefore, the ``amended bill'' referred to in 
the Statement is the same as the legislation that has been 
signed into law.
    Section 4 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act provides 
that this Explanatory Statement 'shall have the same effect 
with respect to the allocation of funds and implementation of 
divisions A through K of this Act as if it were a joint 
explanatory statement of a committee of conference''.]

                   Explanatory Statement, Division J


   DIVISION J--DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED 
                        PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS

    The following is an explanation of the effects of this 
division of the House amendment to the Senate amendment to H.R. 
2764 (hereafter referred to as ``the amended bill'') relative 
to the versions of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008 (H.R. 2764) 
passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. In 
implementing this amended bill, the departments, agencies, 
organizations, and commissions should be guided by the 
directives and instructions set forth in House Report 110-197 
and Senate Report 110-128 accompanying the bill H.R. 2764, 
unless specifically addressed in the accompanying amended bill 
and explanatory statement to the contrary.

           TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES


                          Department of State


                   ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

                    DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $5,359,802,000 for Diplomatic and 
Consular Programs, instead of $4,747,078,000 as proposed by the 
House and $4,729,973,000 as proposed by the Senate. Of this 
amount, $781,632,000 is designated emergency spending pursuant 
to section 5 preceding division A of this Act, of which 
$575,000,000 is for operations and $206,632,000 is for 
worldwide security protection.
    The amended bill includes a total of $974,760,000 for 
worldwide security protection, instead of $964,760,000 as 
proposed by the House and $909,598,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
    The amended bill does not include a proviso proposed by the 
Senate regarding funding for the Office of the Director of 
United States Foreign Assistance. The Appropriations Committees 
are concerned that there are insufficient personnel to 
adequately explain the Department's budget request and respond 
to congressional inquiries. The Appropriations Committees 
support expanding the Department's budgetary operations. The 
Appropriations Committees request the Under Secretary of State 
for Management to assess the current capacity of resource 
management offices and make recommendations to develop an 
adequately staffed, integrated budget formulation, 
justification, and execution office. These recommendations 
should be submitted to the Appropriations Committees not later 
than May 1, 2008.
    The amended bill includes $360,905,000 for public diplomacy 
international information programs under this heading and an 
additional $6,000,000 is available in fee revenue generated by 
the Border Security Program. This brings the estimated total 
for public diplomacy international information programs to 
$366,904,000 in fiscal year 2008, which is $2,000,000 above the 
budget request.
    The amended bill includes $2,000,000 to establish and 
operate a public/private public diplomacy center as proposed by 
the House. The Senate did not include a similar provision.
    The amended bill includes $5,000,000 for a demonstration 
program to expand access to consular services, including 
through the use of mobile consular services, as proposed by the 
Senate. The Department of State shall consult with the 
Appropriations Committees regarding this program prior to the 
initial obligation of funds.
    The amended bill provides $4,000,000 for compensation to 
the families of members of the Foreign Service or other United 
States Government employees or their dependents who were killed 
in terrorist attacks since 1979, as proposed by the House. All 
funds for compensation are available for obligation only upon 
enactment of a specific authorization in a subsequent Act of 
Congress.
    The amended bill includes a proviso to allow the Secretary 
of State to reemploy Foreign Service annuitants on a temporary 
basis where necessary to meet the demand for passport 
adjudication and processing, as proposed by the Senate. The 
amended bill does not include $40,000,000 for passport 
operations, facilities, and systems, as proposed by the Senate. 
As the Department of State has informed the Appropriations 
Committees that it intends to expend $1,898,540,000 from fee 
revenue for the Border Security Program in fiscal year 2008 (an 
increase of $612,213,000 above the fiscal year 2007 level), the 
Senate provision is not necessary at this time. The 
Appropriations Committees direct the Department of State to 
submit quarterly reports on obligations and expenditures for 
Consular Affairs including the level of personnel, personnel 
specifically for passport processing, the capacity of passport 
processing facilities, and projected and actual fee revenue, 
similar to the reporting requirements contained in House Report 
110-197. The Committees will continue to closely monitor 
passport workload and backlogs to ensure that the Department 
has the resources, hiring authority and trained personnel 
necessary to provide timely passport services.
    The amended bill does not include a proviso designating 
$3,000,000 for the operations of the Office on Right-Sizing the 
United States Government Overseas Presence, as proposed by the 
House.
    The amended bill does not include a proviso making 
$5,000,000 available for the Program for Research and Training 
on Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former 
Soviet Union (title VIII), as proposed by the House. The 
funding and authority for this purpose are provided in section 
634(q) of this Act.
    The amended bill does not include a proviso granting the 
Secretary of State the authority to transfer up to $200,000,000 
from appropriations in this Act and prior Acts making 
appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, 
and export financing to the Millennium Challenge Corporation 
(MCC), as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $5,000,000 for the Ambassador's 
Fund for Cultural Preservation, instead of $6,000,000 as 
proposed by the Senate. The House did not have a similar 
provision. Of this amount, not less than $1,500,000 shall be 
used for grants of not less than $500,000 for significant 
historic preservation projects, such as archeological 
restoration of Phnom Bakhen, Cambodia, and Mayan sites in the 
Peten region of Guatemala.
    The Appropriations Committees support a pilot program to 
improve management and protection of United States Government 
properties overseas that have cultural, architectural, or 
historical value.
    The amended bill includes a proviso, similar to that 
proposed by the House, prohibiting the use of funds under this 
heading to process licenses for the export of satellites of 
United States origin to the People's Republic of China.
    The Department of State shall provide $18,000,000 for 
security enhancements to soft targets such as overseas schools 
and residential compounds. The Appropriations Committees expect 
that the additional funds will be prioritized to those 
countries and regions impacted by political and religious 
extremism.
    The amended bill includes a new proviso withholding 
$500,000 in funds appropriated under this heading from 
obligation until the Secretary of State submits a report to the 
Appropriations Committees outlining a plan to increase the 
capacity of the United States Embassy Moscow to monitor human 
rights and Russian laws relating to the press and human rights 
and other civil society groups. The Department of State shall 
consult with the Appropriations Committees regarding this plan, 
prior to the obligation of funds.
    The amended bill includes a new proviso giving the 
Secretary of State the authority to transfer certain 
unobligated balances of funds appropriated under the heading 
``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' to ``Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service'' for rewards payments.
    The amended bill includes sufficient funds to maintain at 
not less than the current service level funding for the 
salaries and expenses of the Office of the Special Coordinator 
for Tibetan Issues.
    The Appropriations Committees direct the Secretary to 
implement the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative no earlier 
than the statutory deadline of June 1, 2009 and endorse the 
report required in Senate Report 110-128 related to travel 
document issuance.
    The Bureau of Diplomatic Security should develop a 
comprehensive facility plan to consolidate and expand hard and 
soft skills training and report to the Appropriations 
Committees no later than May 1, 2008.
    The Appropriations Committees are encouraged that the 
Department of State has provided access to Iraq for a small 
number of Government Accountability Office (GAO) personnel to 
conduct oversight; however, the Appropriations Committees are 
dismayed that the Department of State is attempting to limit 
access to Iraq by additional GAO temporary duty teams who may 
have need for extended field visits in the International Zone 
to conduct oversight. Section 3804 of Public Law 110-28, the 
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and 
Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act of 2007, provides for 
the GAO to operate in Iraq for not less than 45 consecutive 
days and for the provision of necessary life support, which 
shall include housing, food, and transportation. The 
Appropriations Committees direct the Secretary of State to 
certify not later than 30 days after enactment of this Act that 
section 3804 has been implemented.
    The amended bill includes $2,000,000 for the Library of 
Congress's capital security cost sharing program fees (sec. 
634(m)). The Appropriations Committees note that this one time 
appropriation is a result of an anomaly arising from the fiscal 
year 2007 continuing resolution.
    The Appropriations Committees note that no funding is 
provided for the 2010 Olympics, as proposed by the Senate.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

    The amended bill provides $60,062,000 for the Capital 
Investment Fund, instead of $59,062,000 as proposed by the 
House and $63,743,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The amended bill provides $34,008,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), instead of $32,508,000 as proposed by 
the House and $35,508,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees support an independent 
Department of State OIG, which has sufficient resources and 
authority to properly carry out its duties as set forth in the 
Inspector General Act of 1978. The Appropriations Committees 
request that the OIG report not later than April 1, 2008 on 
personnel vacancies; the aggregate number of requests from 
other agencies and the Congress to assist in investigations or 
to conduct oversight; a summary of those requests which were 
not accommodated and whether denial of such requests was due to 
a lack of personnel, or insufficient resources, or for other 
reasons.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

    The amended bill provides $505,441,000 for Educational and 
Cultural Programs, instead of $501,400,000 as proposed by the 
House and $509,482,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill does not include language providing for 
the transfer of $6,000,000 to the Trust Fund established by 
section 313 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2001, 
as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill does not include language providing up to 
$2,000,000 for the Senator Paul Simon Study Abroad Foundation, 
subject to authorization, as proposed by the Senate. The 
Appropriations Committees are supportive of this effort, and 
will review the new authorities and funding requirements once 
the program is authorized. The Appropriations Committees 
support expanding study abroad opportunities for United States 
students, diversifying the study abroad population, and 
increasing study in non-traditional countries. Over the past 
decade study abroad by United States students has increased by 
150 percent and funding provided by the Congress has also 
increased significantly; the amount provided in fiscal year 
2008 reflects an 8.4 percent increase in a single year. The 
Appropriations Committees endorse the report requirement 
contained in Senate Report 110-128 to expand the capacity of 
study abroad.
    Funding under this heading should be allocated to the 
following activities in the amounts designated in the table 
below, subject to the requirements of section 619:

               Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs

               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]

        Programs and Activities                   Budget Authority Total
Academic Programs:
    Fulbright Program: Students, Scholars, Teachers, 
      Humphrey, Undergraduates..........................        $222,645
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Global Academic Exchanges:
    Educational Advising and Student Services...........          10,672
    English Language Programs...........................          14,531
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Global Academic Exchanges.............          25,203
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________

Special Academic Exchanges:
    Regional Graduate Fellowships.......................          22,200
    American Overseas Research Centers..................           3,816
    South Pacific Exchanges.............................             500
    Timor Leste Exchanges...............................             500
    Mobility Exchange Clearinghouse.....................             500
    Benjamin Gilman International Scholarship Program...           5,857
    George Mitchell Fellowship Program..................             500
    University of Miami Hemispheric Program.............             500
    Tibet Fund..........................................             750
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Special Academic Exchanges............          35,123
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total, Academic Programs....................         282,971

Professional and Cultural Exchanges:
    International Visitor Program.......................          78,255
    Citizen Exchange Programs...........................          73,977
    Youth Exchange and Study Program (YES)..............        [24,000]
Special Professional and Cultural Exchanges:
    Congress Bundestag Youth Exchange...................           3,256
    Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program...................           1,877
    Irish Institute.....................................           1,000
    Ngwang Choephel Fellows (Tibet).....................             650
    Youth Science Leadership Institute of the Americas..             150
    Institute for Representative Government.............             500
    Pakistan Literacy Training Program..................             375
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Special Professional and Cultural 
          Exchanges.....................................           7,808
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total, Professional and Cultural Exchanges..         160,040

Competitive One-time Grant Program......................          10,000
Program and Performance:
    Evaluation Program..................................           1,910
    Alumni Global Networks Program......................           1,260
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Program and Performance...............           3,170

Exchanges Support.......................................          49,260
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total, Educational and Cultural Exchange 
              Programs..................................         505,441

    The Appropriations Committees support language as proposed 
by the House regarding the continuation of funding for several 
ongoing international exchange programs with Eurasia and 
Eastern Europe, and the Muskie Graduate Fellowship program.
    The Appropriations Committees support language as proposed 
by the Senate related to expanding academic exchange with Latin 
America and recommend that funds provided under this heading be 
used to increase Access microscholarships, exchanges for 
student leaders and with community colleges, and the Bureau's 
opportunity grants program. The Appropriations Committees also 
support language as proposed by the House related to the 
development of expanded cultural, educational, and professional 
exchanges with the Caribbean.
    The amended bill includes $10,000,000 for a competitive 
one-time grants program, similar to proposals by both the House 
and Senate. In developing this competitive grants program, the 
Department of State is to be guided by the criteria outlined in 
both House Report 110-197 and Senate Report 110-128, including 
the directive to consult with the Appropriations Committees, 
prior to the submission of the program plan. Consistent with 
the preceding criteria, the Appropriations Committees recommend 
the following proposals for consideration:
          Armenian Youth Federation for support of exchanges 
        with Armenia;
          Associated Colleges of the South to expand teaching 
        of critical languages, such as Chinese and Arabic;
          Carnegie Hall to support cultural exchanges with 
        China;
          Chapman University to support educational exchanges 
        between the University and several universities in 
        China;
          Cultural History Exchange to provide for educational 
        and cultural exchanges associated with the Lake 
        Champlain Quadracentennial;
          Dillard University for educational exchange and 
        critical language training in East Asia and the 
        Pacific, the Middle East, and Latin America;
          Empower Peace Foundation to support cultural 
        exchanges;
          Facing History and Ourselves to support exchange 
        programs for United States and international educators;
          Flushing Council on Culture and the Arts, Inc. for a 
        cultural exchange program with East Asian communities;
          Great Lakes Consortium for International Development 
        for support of the Paul E. Gillmor Freedom Citizen 
        Exchanges;
          Humanity in Action to support exchanges between the 
        United States and Europe;
          Levin Institute of the State University of New York 
        to support exchanges with China;
          Monmouth University to support professional exchanges 
        with Armenia and with Ghana;
          Montana State University, Bozeman to develop higher 
        education partnerships in the Middle East;
          Morehouse College for support of student and faculty 
        exchanges;
          National Italian American Foundation to support their 
        Gift of Cultural Exchange program;
          National Youth Science Foundation to support multi-
        cultural science exchanges with high school students;
          Pacem in Terris Institute at La Roche College to 
        support faculty exchange programs;
          Peace, Health, Communications, Cooperation in the 
        Middle East Program to provide for exchange of doctors, 
        researchers, scientists, and youth with the Middle 
        East;
          Project Children to support exchanges between the 
        United States and Ireland;
          Roger William University to expand educational 
        exchange with the Middle East;
          Saint Anselm College for educational exchange in the 
        Middle East in partnership with the American University 
        of Beirut, Hebrew University, American University in 
        Cairo, and Hebron University;
          Saint Michael's College to develop young leaders from 
        Latin America, particularly low-income and indigenous 
        populations;
          Sister Cities International to support educational 
        and cultural exchanges;
          South Dakota School of Mines and Technology to expand 
        science, technology, and engineering exchanges with 
        Mongolia;
          Southwest Chamber Music Society to support cultural 
        exchanges with Mexico and Asia;
          Spelman College for student and faculty exchanges 
        with China;
          St. Bonaventure University's Father Mychal Judge 
        Program for academic, civic, and cultural exchanges 
        with Ireland;
          Students In Free Enterprise to support exchanges with 
        African countries;
          University of Iowa for educational exchanges with 
        universities in Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia;
          University of Iowa to support exchange programs 
        involving writers, East Timor, and Southeast Asian 
        universities;
          University of Louisville to expand Arabic language 
        study;
          University of Massachusetts Confucius Institute to 
        expand educational exchanges in China;
          University of Missouri, St. Louis to expand education 
        in health and business;
          University of Vermont to expand foreign language 
        teacher training in Chinese languages to pre-college 
        students;
          Virginia Military Institute for support of an 
        exchange program involving the Institute and Arabic 
        speaking countries in the Middle East;
          The Washington Center--Latin America and Africa 
        Internship Program to support student exchanges;
          Wayne State University to support exchanges between 
        the U.S. and China; and
          Western Carolina University for support of exchange 
        programs with critical language countries.

                       REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES

    The amended bill provides $8,175,000 for Representation 
Allowances, as proposed by the House and the Senate.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

    The amended bill provides $23,000,000 for Protection of 
Foreign Missions and Officials, instead of $28,000,000 as 
proposed by the House and $14,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. The amended bill includes sufficient funds above the 
request to begin to reimburse eligible costs of providing 
security protection to diplomatic delegations to the United 
Nations and other international organizations that were 
incurred in prior years, as proposed by the House, and up to 
$2,500,000 is available to reimburse certifiable costs incurred 
by municipalities hosting extraordinary events.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

    The amended bill provides $1,437,216,000 for Embassy 
Security, Construction, and Maintenance, instead of 
$1,536,798,000 as proposed by the House and $1,441,812,000 as 
proposed by the Senate. Of the amount provided, $676,000,000 is 
available only for priority worldwide security upgrades, 
acquisition, and construction.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse the language in House 
Report 110-197 requiring the submission of a spending plan and 
notification if there are any facilities that the Department of 
State believes face serious security risks.
    The Appropriations Committees direct the Department of 
State to provide sufficient funds to the United States Embassy 
Chad to rectify deficiencies in facilities identified by a 
recent assessment by the Bureau of Overseas Buildings 
Operations.

           EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $9,000,000 for Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service, as proposed by the Senate, 
instead of $14,000,000 as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill provides the funds under the heading as 
authorized, as proposed by the House. The Senate proposed that 
funds be used only for emergency evacuations and terrorism 
awards.

                   REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $1,285,000 for the Repatriation 
Loans Program Account, as proposed by the House and Senate. Of 
this amount, $678,000 is for the Direct Loans Subsidy and 
$607,000 is for administrative expenses.
    The amended bill includes language allowing funds under the 
heading for administrative expenses to be transferred to and 
merged with ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'', as proposed 
by the Senate. The House proposed similar language, but with 
minor technical differences.

              PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

    The amended bill provides $16,351,000 for Payment to the 
American Institute in Taiwan, as proposed by the House and 
Senate.

                     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE

                     RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

    The amended bill provides $158,900,000 for Payment to the 
Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund, as proposed by 
the House and Senate.

                      International Organizations


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    The amended bill provides $1,354,400,000 for Contributions 
to International Organizations, as proposed by the House 
instead of $1,374,400,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill does not include a Senate provision making 
funds available until September 30, 2009. The House did not 
have a similar provision.
    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate that any payment of arrearages under 
this title shall be directed toward activities that are 
mutually agreed upon between the United States and the 
respective international organization. The House included a 
similar provision.

                    CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL

                        PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

    The amended bill provides $1,700,500,000 for Contributions 
for International Peacekeeping Activities, instead of 
$1,302,000,000 as proposed by the House and $1,352,000,000 as 
proposed by the Senate. Of this amount, $468,000,000 is 
designated emergency spending pursuant to section 5 preceding 
division A of this Act.
    The amended bill includes not less than $550,373,000 to 
establish a new United Nations/African Union hybrid 
peacekeeping mission to Darfur (UNAMID). The Appropriations 
Committees will consider additional funding in subsequent 
legislation to ensure the United States fully funds its share 
of the UN-approved budget for this mission.
    The amended bill includes language as proposed by the House 
that the UN should take appropriate measures to hold 
accountable employees, contractor personnel, or peacekeeping 
forces who engage in certain wrongful acts ``including the 
prosecution in their home countries of such individuals.'' The 
Appropriations Committees direct that in cases involving 
alleged wrongdoing, the UN should provide all relevant 
information to the appropriate judicial authorities in the 
individual's home country.
    The Secretary of State shall submit a financial plan of the 
planned expenditure of funds made available under this heading, 
which are subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of 
the Appropriations Committees.

                       International Commissions


 INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

    The amended bill includes a total of $118,855,000 for the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and 
Mexico (IBWC), as proposed by the Senate instead of $46,155,000 
as proposed by the House. The amount provided includes 
$30,430,000 for Salaries and Expenses and $88,425,000 for 
Construction. The amended bill includes language authorizing 
not to exceed $6,000 for representational expenses.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill includes $30,430,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses account as proposed by both the House and Senate.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The amended bill includes $88,425,000 under this heading as 
proposed by the Senate instead of $15,725,000 as proposed by 
the House. The funding allocations for construction shall 
address the following projects: $66,000,000 for a secondary 
wastewater treatment facility; $100,000 to repair, relocate, or 
replace fencing along the international border between the 
United States and Mexico; $400,000 for the repair or 
replacement of the Nogales Wash Flood Control Project and 
International Outfall Interceptor; $11,700,000 for the Rio 
Grande Canalization project in Dona Ana County, New Mexico for 
sediment removal and construction; and $10,000,000 for levee 
rehabilitation and sediment removal associated with the Rio 
Grande Flood Control System Rehabilitation project in Texas and 
the review of the need for any additional infrastructure, as 
proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill includes language (sec. 117) regarding the 
construction of secondary wastewater treatment capability on 
the Tijuana River. The Appropriations Committees remain 
concerned about the continued delays in building treatment 
facilities to process sewage flowing into the United States in 
the Tijuana River. Construction of a facility capable of 
secondary treatment of at least 25 million gallons per day 
(mgd) is necessary to ensure compliance with the Clean Water 
Act. The Appropriations Committees direct IBWC to resume 
negotiations for a fee-for-services contract with the owner of 
a Mexican wastewater facility to address this problem. The 
Appropriations Committees also direct IBWC to concurrently 
prepare design and engineering plans to upgrade the 
International Wastewater Treatment Plant to treat 25 mgd to 
secondary treatment and update its conceptual designs for a 
phased, scalable project capable of treating up to 100 mgd to 
secondary. IBWC should report back to the Appropriations 
Committees with cost estimates and timelines for completing 
both the 25 mgd IWTP and the proposed 59 mgd Mexican facility 
within 120 days after enactment of this Act. These timelines 
should contain interim milestones including, but not limited 
to, the completion of final design and engineering plans, 
acquisition of land and/or necessary easements, diplomatic 
treaty minutes, permits, environmental reviews, and other 
critical requirements necessary for the completion of each 
project.
    The Appropriations Committees direct the Government 
Accountability Office (GAO) to continue its comprehensive 
review of the two proposed projects, but also request a report, 
detailing which project would bring IBWC into compliance with 
the Clean Water Act most rapidly, and which project is more 
cost effective. GAO should deliver this report to the 
Appropriations Committees 120 days after enactment of this Act.

              AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

    The amended bill provides $10,940,000 for American 
Sections, International Commissions, instead of $10,630,000 as 
proposed by the House and $11,250,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. Funds are allocated in the following table, subject to 
the requirements of section 619:

              American Sections, International Commissions


               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
International Joint Commission--United States and Canada           7,190
    Lake Champlain Basin Program........................           [500]
International Boundary Commission, United States and 
    Canada..............................................           1,530
Border Environment Cooperation Commission...............           2,220
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Total...........................................          10,940

    Of the funds provided for the International Joint 
Commission, the amended bill includes $500,000 for the Lake 
Champlain Basin Program, including language, which extends the 
availability of funds appropriated in fiscal year 2007.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

    The amended bill provides $26,527,000 for the International 
Fisheries Commissions instead of $26,000,000 as proposed by the 
House and $27,054,000 as proposed by the Senate. This amount 
reflects the actual treaty-obligated dues for fiscal year 2008. 
The Department of State shall not deviate from funding levels 
recommended in the amended bill and allocated in the following 
table:

                  International Fisheries Commissions


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC).........          $1,800
Great Lakes Fishery Commission (GLFC)...................          16,763
    Lake Champlain Program..............................           [700]
Pacific Salmon Commission (PSC).........................           3,049
International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC).........           2,810
Other Marine Conservation Organizations:
    International Whaling Commission (IWC)..............             260
    North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC)....             140
    International Commission for the Conservation of 
      Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)............................             270
    Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)....             250
    Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine 
      Living Resources (CCAMLR).........................              95
    North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization 
      (NASCO)...........................................              50
    International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 
      (ICES)............................................             220
    North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES)...             105
    International Sea Turtle Conservation...............             140
    Antarctic Treaty....................................              50
    Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission 
      (WCPFC)...........................................             410
    Expenses of the US Commissioners....................             115
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Other Marine Conservation 
          Organizations.................................           2,105
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total, International Fisheries Commissions..          26,527

                                 Other


                     PAYMENT TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION

    The amended bill provides $15,500,000 for Payment to the 
Asia Foundation, instead of $15,000,000 as proposed by the 
House and $16,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

         CENTER FOR MIDDLE EASTERN-WESTERN DIALOGUE TRUST FUND

    The amended bill provides $875,000 for the Center for 
Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, as proposed by the 
House and Senate.

                 EISENHOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

    The amended bill provides $500,000 for the Eisenhower 
Exchange Fellowship Program, as proposed by the House and 
Senate.

                    ISRAELI ARAB SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM

    The amended bill provides $375,000 for the Israeli Arab 
Scholarship Program, as proposed by the House and Senate.

                            EAST-WEST CENTER

    The amended bill provides $19,500,000 for the East-West 
Center, instead of $20,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. The 
House did not include funding for this purpose.

                    NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY

    The amended bill does not provide funding under this 
heading for the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), and 
instead provides funds under the ``Democracy Fund'' account, as 
proposed by the Senate.

                            RELATED AGENCIES


                    Broadcasting Board of Governors


                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

    The amended bill provides $676,727,000 for International 
Broadcasting Operations, instead of $671,632,000 as proposed by 
the House and $662,727,000 as proposed by the Senate. Of this 
amount, $12,000,000 is designated as an emergency pursuant to 
section 5 preceding division A of this Act. The amended bill 
includes funding for Broadcasting to Cuba under this heading, 
as proposed by the House and Senate.
    Funding under this heading should be allocated to the 
following activities in the amounts designated in the table 
below, subject to the requirements of section 619:

                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

                     [Budget authority in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Voice of America........................................         194,093
Radio and TV Marti (Cuba)...............................          33,681
Engineering and Technical Services......................         141,750
Agency Direction........................................          28,933
Management..............................................          48,974
Program Support.........................................          19,688
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, IBB...................................         467,119

Independent Grantee Organizations:
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.....................          80,471
    Radio Free Asia.....................................          35,220
    Middle East Broadcasting Networks...................          93,917
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, IGO's.................................         209,608
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total.......................................         676,727

    The funding allocations for the International Broadcasting 
Bureau, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, and Radio Free Asia 
restore the language services reductions in the fiscal year 
2008 request, as proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill includes an additional $2,000,000 to 
counter censorship efforts by Iran and China.
    The allocations also include sufficient funds to carry out 
the directives in House Report 110-197 regarding 24/7 
streaming, archiving on Alhurra's Web site of all original 
programs, and the random translation of up to 16 hours per week 
of Alhurra's original programming by an independent entity.
    The Appropriations Committees are concerned with recent 
accounts of foreign government prohibition of independent 
transmissions of television and radio broadcasts to Russia, 
Burma, China, Iran, Venezuela, and Pakistan, and support 
restoring shortwave and medium wave transmission to these 
countries to ensure public access to a wide range of 
information.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language contained in 
House Report 110-197 and Senate Report 110-128 regarding 
broadcasting into North Korea.
    The Appropriations Committees direct that the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors should increase support for broadcasting to 
Burma.

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

    The amended bill provides $10,748,000 for Broadcasting 
Capital Improvements, as proposed by the House and Senate.

      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $499,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Commission for the Preservation of America's 
Heritage Abroad, as proposed by the House and Senate.

             Commission on International Religious Freedom


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $3,300,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Commission on International Religious Freedom, 
instead of $3,400,000 as proposed by the House and $3,000,000 
as proposed by the Senate.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $2,370,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in 
Europe as proposed by the Senate, instead of $2,037,000 as 
proposed by the House.

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $2,000,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Congressional-Executive Commission on the 
People's Republic of China, as proposed by the House and 
Senate.

      United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $4,000,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the United States-China Economic and Security 
Review Commission, as proposed by the House, instead of 
$2,962,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill includes a proviso setting a limitation of 
not more than $4,000 for official representation expenses, 
instead of $5,000 as proposed by the House and $3,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill includes a proviso requiring the 
Commission to provide to the Appropriations Committees a 
quarterly accounting of the cumulative balances of any 
unobligated funds, as proposed by Senate. The House did not 
include a similar provision.
    The amended bill includes a proviso deeming the Commission 
to be a Congressional committee for the purposes of Government 
Printing Office printing and binding, as proposed by the House. 
The Senate did not include a similar provision.
    The amended bill includes a proviso relating to 
compensation levels for the Commission's Executive Director, as 
proposed by the House. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.
    The amended bill includes a proviso changing the due date 
for the Commission's Annual Report from June to December, as 
proposed by the House. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.
    The amended bill includes a proviso treating travel by 
Commission members and staff under the same rules and 
procedures that apply to travel by Members and staff of the 
House of Representatives, as proposed by the House. The Senate 
did not include a similar provision.
    The amended bill does not include a proviso that repeals 
the applicability to the Commission of the Federal Advisory 
Committee Act, as proposed by House. The Senate did not include 
a similar provision.
     The amended bill includes a proviso requiring a report by 
March 1, 2008 on how the Commission effectively addresses the 
recommendations of the GAO's September 2007 audit report, 
similar to language proposed by the Senate. The House did not 
include a similar provision.

          United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $150,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the United States Senate-China Interparliamentary 
Group as proposed by the Senate. The House did not propose 
funding for this purpose.

                    United States Institute of Peace


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $25,000,000 for operating 
expenses of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) as 
proposed by the Senate, instead of $26,000,000 as proposed by 
the House.
    The amended bill includes sufficient funding to 
reconstitute the Iraq Study Group, also known as the Baker/
Hamilton Commission, to continue to assess United States 
involvement in Iraq and to update the Commission's previous 
recommendations. The USIP is directed to provide necessary 
administrative support to this effort and report to the 
Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on the Study Group's progress on this 
effort.

                     GENERAL PROVISIONS--THIS TITLE

    (Note: If the provision proposed by the House and Senate is 
similar, except for a different section number, or minor 
technical differences in language, the section is not addressed 
in this explanatory statement. In addition, the amended bill 
includes in each general provision the scope of its application 
in this Act as proposed by the House, instead of by reference 
as proposed by the Senate.)

Sec. 106. Senior Policy Operating Group

    The amended bill includes a general provision carried in 
prior years directing that the Senior Policy Operating Group on 
Trafficking in Persons is to coordinate policies involving 
international trafficking and prohibiting funds from being 
expended that duplicate the coordinating responsibilities of 
the Group, as proposed by the House. The Senate included no 
similar provision.

Sec. 108. Consulting services

    The amended bill includes a general provision proposed by 
the House regarding the public availability of information 
concerning certain consulting service contracts. The Senate 
included no similar provision.

Sec. 109. Compliance with section 609

    The amended bill includes a general provision prohibiting 
funds appropriated under title I of this Act in contravention 
of section 609 of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and 
State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 
1999, relating to diplomatic or consular posts in Vietnam, as 
proposed by the House, but under a modified heading. The Senate 
included no similar provision.
            Restriction on contributions to the United Nations
    The amended bill includes language restricting 
contributions to the United Nations if the United Nations 
imposes any taxation on any United States persons in title VI 
(sec. 602) of this Act, similar to the provision proposed by 
the House (sec. 112) and to the provision proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 108).

Sec. 111. Personnel actions

    The amended bill includes the provision regarding personnel 
actions as proposed by the Senate (sec. 109) and similar to 
that proposed by the House (sec. 113).
            Attendance at international conferences
    The amended bill includes language regarding attendance at 
international conferences in title VI (sec. 696) of this Act, 
as proposed by the House (sec. 699M) and Senate (sec. 112). 
There are technical modifications to this language.

Sec. 113. Peacekeeping assessment

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by both the House (sec. 684) and Senate (sec. 113), 
which amends the cap on assessed costs from 25 percent to 27.1 
percent.

Sec. 114. Alhurra broadcasting

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate prohibiting the availability of funds 
for Alhurra broadcasting until the Secretary certifies and 
reports to the Appropriations Committees that Alhurra does not 
advocate on behalf of any organization that the Secretary 
knows, or has reason to believe, engages in terrorist 
activities, as proposed by the Senate. The House did not 
include a similar provision.

Sec. 115. Department of State Inspector General

    The amended bill includes a general provision directing the 
Secretary of State to establish and maintain a direct link 
between the Department of State's website and the website of 
the Department of State's OIG and to establish and maintain on 
the homepage of the OIG a mechanism by which individuals can 
anonymously report cases of waste, fraud, and abuse, as 
proposed by the Senate. The House included no similar 
provision.

Sec. 116. Consular operations

    The amended bill includes a general provision, similar to 
section 120 proposed by the Senate, directing the Secretary of 
State to establish limited consular operations in Iraq within 
180 days of enactment of this Act. The Department of State is 
directed to establish a process for conducting visa application 
interviews in Iraq for designated categories of aliens who are 
unable to travel to neighboring countries. In particular, 
Iraqis who are targeted for their affiliation with the United 
States (such as United States government direct hires or 
contractors, personnel affiliated with non-governmental 
organizations, or scholars) should be accommodated. The 
Secretary of State shall consult regularly with the 
Appropriations Committees on the implementation of this 
provision and the additional resources required. The House 
included no similar provision.

Sec. 117. International Boundary and Water Commission

    The amended bill includes a new general provision regarding 
the construction of secondary treatment capability on the 
Tijuana River.

Sec. 118. Commission financial management

    The amended bill includes a modified provision (sec. 118) 
requiring the United States-China Economic Security Review 
Commission to comply with Federal standards for performance 
reviews and cash awards, similar to language proposed by the 
Senate. The amended bill does not include an amendment to the 
Commission's underlying authority to establish commissioners' 
term limitations and also does not include a requirement to 
conduct an annual financial audit, as proposed by the Senate.
            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
    The amended bill does not include section 116 of the Senate 
bill regarding funding for the ``Commission on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe'' and the ``Diplomatic and Consular 
Programs'' accounts. Funds for these activities are provided 
under the appropriate headings in this title.
            Cooperation with the Government of Mexico
    The amended bill does not include a general provision, 
without prejudice, proposed by the Senate regarding United 
States cooperation with Mexico on border security, education on 
immigration laws, and circular migration. In order to provide 
more timely information directly relevant to the consideration 
of future appropriations requests for Mexico, the 
Appropriations Committees direct that the reporting required in 
subsection (d) of the Senate amendment be submitted to the 
Appropriations Committees not less than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act, instead of 180 days, and that the report also 
describe how the actions taken will address the underlying 
causes of illegal immigration, drug trafficking and gang 
violence, violence against women, human trafficking, and arms 
smuggling.
    The Appropriations Committees note that the administration 
requested $500,000,000 in fiscal year 2008 emergency 
supplemental assistance for counterdrug and rule of law 
programs in Mexico, and regret that the Department of State 
failed to adequately consult with Congress prior to submitting 
this budget amendment.
            Report regarding use of levees
    The amended bill does not include, without prejudice, a 
general provision proposed by the Senate (sec. 118) requiring 
the United States Commissioner of the International Boundary 
and Water Commission to submit a report regarding certain levee 
uses. The Appropriations Committees direct that the 
Commissioner shall comply with this reporting requirement.
            E-Government Initiatives
    The amended bill does not include, without prejudice, a 
general provision proposed by the House on E-Government 
Initiatives. The Appropriations Committees direct that funds 
made available by title I that are used to implement E-
Government initiatives should be subject to the procedures set 
forth in section 615 of this Act.

               TITLE II--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE


                Export-Import Bank of the United States


                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The amended bill provides $1,000,000 for the Inspector 
General, as proposed by the House and Senate.

                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

    The amended bill provides $68,000,000 for the Subsidy 
Appropriation, as proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill includes a provision proposed by the House 
and Senate that directs that not less than 10 percent of the 
authority available to the Export-Import Bank should be used 
for renewable energy and environmentally beneficial products 
and services. The provision applies this requirement to funding 
provided in this Act, rather than to this and prior Acts as 
proposed by the House and Senate.

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

    The amended bill provides $78,000,000 for Administrative 
Expenses, as proposed by the House and Senate.

                           RECEIPTS COLLECTED

    The amended bill includes a new account, Receipts 
Collected, as proposed by the Senate. The House included no 
similar account.
    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate that allows the Export-Import Bank to offset expenses 
with collected receipts (reduce on a dollar-for-dollar basis to 
result in a final fiscal year appropriation from the General 
Fund estimated at $0). The Export-Import Bank shall continue to 
provide timely information to the Appropriations Committees 
about its programs, and this new authority shall not be 
interpreted to reduce the Export-Import Bank's accountability 
to the Congress.

                Overseas Private Investment Corporation


                           NONCREDIT ACCOUNT

    The amended bill provides $47,500,000 for administrative 
expenses, as proposed by the House and Senate.

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The amended bill provides $23,500,000 for the Program 
Account, instead of $20,000,000 as proposed by the House and 
$29,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                      TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

    The amended bill provides $50,400,000 for the Trade and 
Development Agency, as proposed by the House and Senate.

                TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                    GLOBAL HEALTH AND CHILD SURVIVAL

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill includes a consolidated health account, 
entitled ``Global Health and Child Survival,'' similar to that 
proposed by the Senate instead of ``Child Survival and Health 
Programs Fund'' as proposed by the House. This account includes 
a total of $6,543,150,000 for global health activities, 
including $1,843,150,000 to be apportioned directly to the 
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and 
$4,700,000,000 to be apportioned directly to the Department of 
State for the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC). 
Within the total, $115,000,000 is designated an emergency 
pursuant to section 5 preceding division A of this Act.
    The Appropriations Committees intend this account to 
clarify overall United States Federal government spending on 
global health programs, and in no way is the consolidated 
health account intended to change the authorities or 
implementation of global health programs. The Department of 
State should present funding for global health in a unified 
global health account in the fiscal year 2009 budget request.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language in House 
Report 110-197 regarding USAID's annual report on programs and 
activities carried out under this heading, which is to be 
submitted and made publicly available not later than September 
30, 2008. USAID is to consult with the Appropriations 
Committees on additional reporting requirements.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language in House 
Report 110-197 regarding USAID's child survival and maternal 
health portfolio. USAID is to consult with the Appropriations 
Committees on additional reporting requirements. The amended 
bill clarifies the types of programs that can be funded through 
this account as proposed by the House and Senate.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                    Global Health and Child Survival


                     [Budget authority in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
USAID Child Survival and Maternal Health................         450,150
USAID Vulnerable Children...............................          15,000
USAID Infectious Diseases...............................         633,000
    Tuberculosis........................................       [153,000]
    Malaria.............................................       [350,000]
    Avian Influenza.....................................       [115,000]
    Neglected Tropical Diseases.........................        [15,000]
USAID Family Planning/Reproductive Health...............         395,000
USAID HIV/AIDS..........................................         350,000
DOS HIV/AIDS............................................       4,700,000
    Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria       [550,000]
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Total...........................................       6,543,150

    The amended bill provides a total of $450,150,000 for child 
survival and maternal health programs, instead of $450,000,000 
as proposed by the Senate, and $374,150,000 as proposed by the 
House.
    Of the funding provided for child survival and maternal 
health programs, $72,500,000 is provided for the GAVI Fund, 
instead of $70,000,000 as proposed by the House and $75,000,000 
as proposed by the Senate.
    Of the funding provided for child survival and maternal 
health programs, $20,000,000 is provided for programs to reduce 
Vitamin A deficiency and $2,000,000 is provided for programs to 
address iodine deficiency, implementation of the program for 
blind children, and local HIV/AIDS media programs, as proposed 
in Senate Report 110-128.
    Of the funding provided for vulnerable children, $1,850,000 
is provided for childhood blindness programs, instead of 
$1,800,000 as proposed by the House and $1,900,000 as proposed 
by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $633,000,000 for other infectious 
diseases, instead of $641,000,000 as proposed by the House and 
$724,675,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $153,000,000 for tuberculosis 
control as proposed by the House instead of $200,000,000 as 
proposed by the Senate. Of this amount, $15,000,000 shall be 
used for the Global Tuberculosis Drug Facility as proposed by 
the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $350,000,000 for malaria control 
as proposed by the House instead of $355,005,000 as proposed by 
the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $32,000,000 for polio programs, 
as proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill provides $115,000,000 for programs to 
combat avian influenza. Of this amount, $15,000,000 is provided 
to enhance the preparedness of militaries in Asia and Africa to 
respond to an avian influenza pandemic. USAID shall consult 
with the Appropriations Committees on proposed activities prior 
to the initial obligation of funds.
    The amended bill provides $15,000,000 for neglected 
diseases as proposed by the House, instead of $18,000,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $350,000,000 for USAID's HIV/AIDS 
programs as proposed by the House and Senate. Of this funding, 
$45,000,000 is provided for microbicides research, as proposed 
by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill provides $395,000,000 for family planning/
reproductive health within the funds available under this 
heading as proposed by the Senate, instead of $375,000,000 as 
proposed by the House.
    The amended bill does not include language proposed by the 
Senate regarding restrictions on family planning, abortion, and 
the purchase of condoms.
    The amended bill includes the reporting requirement as 
proposed by the House.
    The amended bill provides $4,700,000,000 for global HIV/
AIDS programs to be apportioned to the Department of State as 
proposed by the Senate. The House provided this funding under 
the ``Global HIV/AIDS Initiative'' and the ``Child Survival and 
Health Programs Fund'' headings. The Appropriations Committees 
intend for this funding to be implemented by OGAC. Of this 
amount, $35,000,000 is provided for a United States 
contribution to the United Nations AIDS program (UNAIDS) and 
$13,000,000 is provided for administrative expenses of the 
Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator as proposed by the 
Senate.
    The amended bill provides $550,000,000 for a United States 
contribution to the Global Fund, as proposed by the House 
instead of $590,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. The House 
proposed funds in two separate accounts.
    OGAC is directed to provide not less than $100,000,000 for 
programs that address short-term and long-term approaches to 
food security as components of a comprehensive approach to 
fighting HIV/AIDS, and is encouraged to support programs that 
address the development and implementation of nutrition 
support, guidelines, and care services for people living with 
HIV/AIDS.
    OGAC is directed to provide not less than $150,000,000 for 
joint HIV/TB programs.
    The amended bill does not include language proposed by the 
Senate that requires a health care workforce strategy for each 
country. OGAC should support efforts to train health care 
workers, including doctors, nurses, and community health 
professionals. Training programs should be continued and 
expanded, including pediatric training. OGAC should submit a 
report to the Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act describing plans for health care 
worker training in fiscal year 2008 and how this training will 
improve overall public health programs in the 15 focus 
countries.
    The amended bill includes a provision related to HIV/AIDS 
prevention programs under this heading as proposed by the 
Senate, rather than under the ``Global HIV/AIDS Initiative'' 
heading as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill provides not less than fiscal year 2007 
allocations under the ``Child Survival and Health Programs 
Fund'' heading for Cambodia, Philippines, Vietnam, Asia and 
Near East Regional, and Regional Development Mission/Asia from 
amounts allocated to USAID under this heading.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

    The amended bill provides $1,636,881,000 for Development 
Assistance, instead of $1,733,760,000 as proposed by the House 
and $1,455,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides a total of $700,000,000 for basic 
education, of which $400,000,000 is from this account instead 
of $519,000,000 as proposed by the House. The Senate did not 
include a similar provision. USAID is directed to provide an 
increase above the budget request for basic education programs 
in Ethiopia. The amended bill includes modified language in 
section 664 to establish the Coordinator for basic education 
programs, as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill provides $15,000,000 for women's 
leadership capacity programs, instead of $35,000,000 as 
proposed by the House. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision. The amended bill provides that $10,000,000 may be 
used for a fund that enhances economic opportunities for poor, 
very poor, and low-income women. The House and Senate did not 
include a similar proviso.
    The amended bill provides $75,000,000 for programs that 
directly address the needs of Afghan women and girls. The 
Department of State and USAID are directed to give preferential 
attention to improving the livelihood and status of Afghan 
women, including women who have overcome discrimination and 
other cultural disadvantages to achieve positions of 
leadership, such as teachers, lawyers, health workers, judges, 
and members of Parliament. The Department of State and USAID 
are directed to ensure that eligible women receive the 
opportunity to participate in all training programs, and to 
target the use of reconstruction funds to improving facilities 
where women work, such as courtrooms.
    The amended bill provides $43,000 to monitor assistance 
programs for displaced and orphaned children and victims of war 
as proposed by the Senate instead of $42,500 as proposed by the 
House.
    The amended bill provides $245,000,000 for microfinance and 
microenterprise development programs for the poor, especially 
women. As required by section 251(c) of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, USAID is to target half of all microfinance and 
microenterprise funds to the very poor. Fifty percent of the 
funds made available should be grants to private NGOs, 
networks, and practitioner institutions, and $30,000,000 should 
be provided to USAID's Office of Microenterprise through a 
central funding mechanism for contracts, cooperative 
agreements, and grants. Of the total, $20,000,000 should be 
used for microfinance service providers working with people 
infected and affected by HIV/AIDS.
    The amended bill provides $28,000,000 for Collaborative 
Research Support Programs, as proposed by the House instead of 
$29,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language in Senate 
Report 110-128 providing $750,000 to support USAID activities 
underway with the Food Aid Quality Enhancement Program to 
improve food aid product quality and nutrient delivery, 
consistent with the authority in 7 U.S.C. section 1736g-
2(a)(2)(c). The House did not include a similar provision.
    The amended bill provides $22,500,000 for the American 
Schools and Hospitals Abroad program, instead of $23,000,000 as 
proposed by the House and $22,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
    The amended bill provides not less than $300,000,000 from 
all accounts in this Act for long-term safe drinking water and 
sanitation supply projects, including water management related 
to safe drinking water and sanitation, to be expended in 
accordance with the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act 
of 2005 (P.L. 109-121). This funding should be provided to high 
priority countries that are selected based on the criteria in 
P.L. 109-121. Of this amount, not less than $150,000,000 should 
be from the ``Development Assistance'' account and of the total 
$125,000,000 should be made available for programs and 
activities in sub-Saharan Africa. The funding appropriated 
under the heading ``International Disaster Assistance'' should 
be used for international disaster relief, rehabilitation, and 
reconstruction assistance and USAID is discouraged from using 
that account for long-term safe drinking water and sanitation 
supply projects.
    The amended bill includes a House provision related to 
gender-based violence. USAID is directed to fund programs and 
activities that provide education and training for livelihoods; 
support to affected children and families, including for 
children who accompany a family member to a medical facility; 
enhanced security for vulnerable populations; and comprehensive 
gender-based violence prevention education and training. These 
programs should be coordinated with health programs funded 
through the ``Global Health and Child Survival'' account that 
develop sustainable health systems, including training more 
healthcare workers in midwifery; psychological services; and 
support to medical facilities treating victims of violence. The 
Senate did not include a similar provision.
    USAID is directed to provide $12,000,000 for the 
cooperative development programs within the Office of Private 
and Voluntary Cooperation as proposed by the Senate. The House 
did not include a similar provision.
    USAID is directed to provide $195,000,000 for programs that 
promote energy efficiency, and renewable and cleaner technology 
as proposed by the Senate. The House included a similar 
recommendation.
    USAID is directed to provide no less than the fiscal year 
2007 funding levels for Western Hemisphere country programs 
rather than fiscal year 2006 funding levels as proposed by the 
House and Senate.
    USAID is directed to provide not less than the funding 
levels for Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 
Liberia, Pakistan, and Sudan under this heading in House Report 
110-197. The Senate did not include a similar provision.
    The amended bill includes $195,000,000 for biodiversity 
conservation programs and activities, as proposed by the Senate 
instead of $175,000,000 as proposed by the House. The 
Appropriations Committees note that USAID has not always 
disbursed biodiversity funds in a strategic way that targets 
the most urgent threats to global biodiversity loss. The USAID 
Administrator is directed to submit a report to the 
Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, describing the key threats to 
biodiversity that USAID plans to address in fiscal year 2008, 
targeted countries, proposed funding levels, proposed 
recipients, and specific benchmarks for success. The report 
should also include an analysis and assessment of the impact of 
USAID's programs on local communities, wildlife, and fauna and 
how USAID intends to address these impacts.
    Funding is provided for the Amazon Basin Conservation 
Initiative as proposed in Senate Report 110-128, and additional 
funding should be provided to support conservation activities 
through organizations that work to build the capacity of 
indigenous communities to manage and protect their reserves, 
particularly on-going programs in Brazil.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language in House 
Report 110-197 encouraging USAID to establish an institute for 
agriculture and natural resource management in southern Sudan, 
which should be named after the late John Garang de Mabior. The 
Senate did not include a similar provision.
    USAID should implement a program to encourage the return of 
the Sudanese Lost Boys and Lost Girls to southern Sudan as 
outlined in House Report 110-197, but for a period of return of 
three years, instead of five years. The Senate did not include 
a similar provision.
    USAID is directed to provide $14,000,000 for the Patrick 
Leahy War Victims Fund, for medical and rehabilitation 
assistance, vocational, and other training for persons who are 
disabled as a result of armed conflict. USAID is urged to 
convene workshops and meetings to promote the exchange of 
conceptual approaches, experience, and best practices among 
private voluntary organizations, community activists, business 
enterprises, and government entities involved in community 
development on behalf of persons who have been disabled and 
disadvantaged as a result of war. USAID has supported 
innovative income generating projects involving such persons in 
need in Lebanon and other countries, and is directed to 
allocate additional funds so these experiences can be shared 
and replicated.
    The amended bill provides not less than the fiscal year 
2007 allocations for Cambodia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Asia 
and Near East Regional, and Regional Development Mission/Asia 
under this account.
    The Appropriations Committees support language as proposed 
by House Report 110-197 and Senate Report 110-128 for a 
competitive university grants program. USAID should consider 
the following proposals:
          Alabama A&M University to research ion surface-
        processing in collaboration with Ege University in 
        Turkey;
          Ava Marie University's Nicaragua branch to improve 
        their library;
          Azusa Pacific University to establish a Masters of 
        Arts program in Transformation Urban Leadership in 
        India;
          Brandeis University to fund the International Center 
        for Democracy and Governance;
          Cal Arts' Life Matters Media Center APEX;
          CAMERA Center for Educational Excellence to use 
        university expertise to elevate the condition of the 
        Caribbean people;
          DeKalb International Training Center for training 
        student athletes from newly emerging democracies;
          EARTH University Foundation to train leaders in small 
        business in Latin America, Africa, and Asia;
          Fordham University Law School to train foreign 
        officials and judges in rule of law;
          Franklin Pierce University in conjunction with the 
        Luhansk National Pedagogical University in Ukraine for 
        business education;
          Georgetown University School of Law's International 
        Law Institute to expand an international exchanges 
        program on the judiciary and court systems in 
        developing countries;
          Georgia State University to establish advanced degree 
        programs in partnership with Georgian, Azerbaijani, and 
        Ukrainian universities;
          Highline Community College for a partnership program 
        with several colleges in South Africa and Namibia;
          Indiana University at Bloomington to establish a 
        database of Burmese human rights abuses;
          Iowa State University to establish a program to 
        reduce poverty in Mexico;
          LaRoche College's Pacem In Terris program to provide 
        educational opportunities to students from Africa;
          Loma Linda University, California, to expand its 
        medical education and health care programs in 
        developing countries, including the refurbishment of 
        the Wazir Akbar Khan Hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan;
          Louisiana State University Law Center to establish 
        the Louisiana State University/Latin American 
        Commercial Law Program;
          Marquette University to support the Les Aspin Center 
        to train Liberian government and civil society leaders;
          Monmouth University Department of Social Work to 
        assist in establishing a long-term, school-based Social 
        Work Initiative for children in Ghana;
          Monmouth University to support social work in Ghana 
        focusing on anti-trafficking activities;
          Monmouth University in conjunction with the 
        University of Ghana, to increase primary school 
        enrollment and performance;
          New Mexico State University Intercultural 
        Communication and Conflict Science Initiative;
          New Mexico State University to facilitate on-line 
        communication between American and Mexican students, as 
        well as Israeli and Palestinian students, concerning 
        issues of mutual interest;
          New School: India China Institute to engage in a 
        comprehensive study regarding the growing migration 
        crisis in China and India;
          Northeastern University to support the Athletes for 
        Human Rights initiative;
          Ohio Wesleyan University to maintain international 
        scholastic cooperation;
          South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, the 
        India Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, and the Sri 
        Ramakrishna Institute of Technology to support 
        collaboration;
          State University of New York College of Technology at 
        Delhi to support the Nurse Education and Training 
        Program for the Republic of Georgia;
          Temple University to expand the criminal law 
        procedure program with Tsinghua University;
          Texas A&M University to lead a consortium of 
        universities to assist the government of Afghanistan to 
        develop an agricultural extension service;
          Texas A&M University and other partnering 
        universities for the Norman E. Borlaug International 
        Science and Technology Fellows Program;
          Texas A&M University to expand a criminal justice 
        research and training effort for the prevention of 
        cross-border criminal activities;
          University of Alabama to create an industry-oriented 
        Central American regional export association;
          University of Alabama to establish a pilot program 
        which will promote Central American food products in 
        foreign markets and increase exports;
          University of Arizona to implement the International 
        Arid Lands Consortium;
          University Business Education Partnership to build a 
        partnership with universities in the Republic of 
        Georgia, Azerbaijan, and the Ukraine;
          University of California affiliated with the American 
        University of Armenia;
          University of Hawaii at Honolulu to establish the 
        first Global Non-Killing Leadership Forum;
          University of Hawaii at Manoa to establish an 
        American Development Center;
          University of Hawaii at Manoa in conjunction with 
        universities in Northern Iraq and in the United States 
        to train a diverse cadre of workers in Iraq in 
        technical skills to promote reconstruction and self-
        sufficiency;
          University of Iowa to support the Center for Digital 
        Communications in Development and Education's WiderNet 
        Project to improve primary and secondary education in 
        Africa;
          University of Iowa to train teachers and educational 
        administrators in Timor-Leste;
          University of Kentucky for coal mine safety programs 
        in the former Soviet Union;
          University of Kentucky's College of Law for programs 
        in the former Soviet Union, East and South Asia, Latin 
        America, and elsewhere;
          University of Kentucky in conjunction with Indonesian 
        universities, to further economic development in 
        Indonesia;
          University of Massachusetts to support programs that 
        assist countries with developing democracies establish 
        sound legal systems;
          University of Miami to continue a collaborative 
        initiative to improve child health in Ukraine;
          University of Missouri at Columbia to apply 
        biotechnology to grain legumes to improve nutrition in 
        Vietnam;
          University of Nebraska at Lincoln to develop a joint 
        program with the Gimlekollen School of Journalism & 
        Communication in Norway and the Government of Norway to 
        train journalists from Ethiopia and Kosovo;
          University of Nebraska at Omaha for a community-based 
        education program to provide teacher and vocational 
        training in Afghanistan;
          University of Nebraska at Omaha for a community-based 
        education project in Afghanistan, and a proposal to 
        support the Afghanistan Young Leaders Program;
          University of Notre Dame to continue work to 
        eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Haiti;
          University of Southern California Annenberg School to 
        examine how Arab youth obtain the information that 
        shapes their lives and world views;
          University of Texas at San Antonio to develop a model 
        program that focuses on youthful audiences that will 
        learn and teach their peers how to engage in strategic 
        and constructive peaceful dialogue;
          Utah State University in conjunction with Texas A&M 
        University, to develop an irrigation research, 
        education, and training program in the Middle East;
          Utah Valley State College to establish an AIDS 
        Awareness and Action Center to work in Ghana;
          Virginia Polytechnic Institute to provide 
        agricultural and natural resource technical support to 
        institutes of higher learning in South Sudan;
          Western Kentucky University for the continued funding 
        of an international journalist training program; and
          Western Kentucky University to address environmental 
        health issues in China.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

    The amended bill provides $432,350,000 for International 
Disaster Assistance, instead of $322,350,000 as proposed by the 
House and Senate, of which $110,000,000 is designated an 
emergency pursuant to section 5 preceding division A of this 
Act.
    The amended bill includes additional funds above both the 
House and Senate levels to support the growing humanitarian 
needs of persons affected by violence in Iraq and to ensure 
sufficient resources are available to rapidly provide relief, 
rehabilitation, and reconstruction assistance to countries 
affected by natural and man-made disasters.
    The amended bill includes the heading ``International 
Disaster Assistance,'' as proposed by the Senate. The House had 
included the heading carried in prior years, ``International 
Disaster and Famine Assistance.''
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language in House 
Report 110-197 regarding a pilot study to evaluate the relative 
advantages of purchasing local food commodities.

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

    The amended bill provides $45,000,000 for Transition 
Initiatives, instead of $40,000,000 as proposed by the House 
and $50,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill includes a provision that allows a 
transfer of $15,000,000 to provide transition assistance as 
proposed by the Senate. The House did not include a similar 
provision.

                      DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $8,160,000 for the administrative 
expenses of the Development Credit Authority, instead of 
$7,400,000 as proposed by the House and $8,920,000 as proposed 
by the Senate. In addition, $21,000,000 is provided by transfer 
for programs, as proposed by the House and Senate.

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $655,800,000 for Operating 
Expenses of USAID, instead of $625,700,000 as proposed by the 
House and $645,700,000 as proposed by the Senate. Within the 
total, $20,800,000 is designated an emergency pursuant to 
section 5 preceding division A of this Act.
    The amended bill includes the provision related to opening, 
closing or reducing the size of an overseas mission, as 
proposed by the Senate. The House included a similar provision.
    The amended bill does not include the provisions related to 
the leasing of office space as proposed by the House. The 
Senate did not include similar provisions.

 CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

    The amended bill provides $88,000,000 for USAID's Capital 
Investment Fund, instead of $87,300,000 as proposed by the 
House and $90,508,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    USAID shall provide a spending plan to the Appropriations 
Committees not later than 60 days after enactment of this Act 
as to the allocation of this funding.

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The amended bill provides $38,000,000 for Operating 
Expenses of the USAID Office of Inspector General, the same as 
proposed by the House and Senate.

                  Other Bilateral Economic Assistance


                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $2,994,823,000 under the Economic 
Support Fund heading, instead of $2,668,206,000 as proposed by 
the House and $3,015,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. Of this 
amount, $542,568,000 is designated an emergency pursuant to 
section 5 preceding division A of this Act for urgent 
assistance requirements in the West Bank, North Korea, Jordan, 
and Afghanistan.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                         Economic Support Fund


               [Budget Authority in thousands of dollars]

        Country/Program                           Budget Authority Total
Africa
    Democratic Republic of the Congo....................         $19,000
    Liberia.............................................          43,545
    Sierra Leone (Special Court)........................          12,500
    Sudan...............................................         101,700
East Asia and the Pacific
    Burma...............................................          13,000
    Cambodia............................................          15,000
    Indonesia...........................................          65,000
    North Korea.........................................          53,000
    Philippines.........................................          28,000
    Tibet/China.........................................           5,000
        Democracy Training and Education................           [250]
    Timor-Leste.........................................          17,000
    Vietnam.............................................          10,700
Europe and Eurasia
    Cyprus..............................................          11,000
    Irish Visa Program..................................           1,000
Near East
    Egypt...............................................         415,000
    Iran................................................          21,800
    Jordan..............................................         363,547
    Lebanon.............................................          45,000
        Scholarships for American Ed. Institutions......        [10,000]
    Morocco.............................................          16,500
    Tunisia.............................................           2,000
    West Bank/Gaza......................................         218,500
    Middle East Partnership Initiative..................          55,000
        Scholarships....................................         [7,000]
        Iraqi Scholars..................................        [10,000]
    Middle East Regional Cooperation....................           5,000
South Asia
    Afghanistan.........................................         543,000
    Women and Girls.....................................        [75,000]
    Afghan Civilian Assistance..........................        [10,000]
    India...............................................           3,000
    Nepal...............................................           9,500
        Women in Parliament and Civil Society...........         [2,000]
    Pakistan............................................         350,000
        Human Rights, Rule of Law, and Democracy 
          Programs......................................        [15,000]
Western Hemisphere
    Bolivia.............................................          17,000
    Colombia............................................         196,000
    Cuba................................................          45,700
    Dominican Republic..................................          15,000
    Ecuador.............................................           6,000
    Guatemala...........................................          12,000
        Anti-violence Programs..........................         [1,000]
        International Commission Against Impunity in 
          Guatemala.....................................         [4,000]
    Haiti...............................................          68,394
        Justice Reform Activities.......................         [1,000]
        Watershed Restoration...........................         [5,000]
    Mexico..............................................          12,000
    Peru................................................          30,000
        Labor and Environment...........................         [6,000]
    Trade Capacity Building.............................          10,000
Global
    Disability Programs.................................           4,000
    East Asia and the Pacific Environment Program.......           2,500
    Extractive Industries Transparency..................           3,000
    East Europe and the Independent States--Title VIII 
      Program...........................................           5,000
    Forensic Assistance.................................           5,000
    House Democracy Assistance program..................           2,000
    Kimberley Process...................................           3,000
    Marla Ruzicka Fund..................................           5,000
    Reconciliation Programs.............................          25,000
        Middle East.....................................         [9,000]
    Trafficking in Persons..............................          12,000
    Wheelchairs.........................................           5,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total.......................................       2,926,886

    The amended bill provides not less than $415,000,000 for 
assistance for Egypt, as proposed by the House and Senate. Of 
this amount, $135,000,000 shall be for project assistance, of 
which not less than $20,000,000 is for democracy, human rights, 
and governance programs and not less than $50,000,000 is for 
education programs, including $10,000,000 for scholarships for 
Egyptian students with high financial need. Similar language 
and directives were proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill provides $11,000,000 for assistance for 
Cyprus, to be used only for certain purposes, similar to 
language proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill provides $363,547,000 for assistance for 
Jordan the same as proposed by the Senate, instead of 
$263,547,000 as proposed by the House. In addition, the amended 
bill authorizes up to $40,000,000 of the assistance for Jordan 
to be transferred to funds appropriated by this Act under the 
heading ``Debt Restructuring'' for reducing or cancelling 
amounts owed to the United States or any agency of the United 
States by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The Appropriations 
Committees endorse language in Senate Report 110-128 regarding 
the uses of additional assistance for Jordan.
    The amended bill provides $218,500,000 for assistance for 
the West Bank and Gaza, of which $2,000,000 may be used for 
administrative expenses of USAID to facilitate program 
implementation. The amended bill also includes new language 
establishing strict conditions on the use, fiscal management, 
and audit requirements of any funds made available under this 
heading for cash transfer assistance to the Palestinian 
Authority and makes the cash transfer assistance subject to the 
regular notification procedures of the Appropriations 
Committees.
    The amended bill provides $45,000,000 for assistance for 
Lebanon, of which not less than $10,000,000 should be made 
available for scholarships and support of American educational 
institutions in Lebanon, as proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill provides $500,000 for United States Forest 
Service's forest management and wildlife conservation programs 
in Lebanon.
    The amended bill provides that not more than $300,000,000 
of the funds available for Afghanistan under this heading may 
be obligated for assistance until the Secretary of State 
certifies that the Government of Afghanistan is cooperating 
fully with United States poppy eradication and interdiction 
efforts in Afghanistan or unless the Secretary waives the 
application of the proviso if the Secretary determines and 
reports that it is in the national security interests of the 
United States, as proposed by the House. The Senate did not 
include a similar provision.
    The amended bill includes language similar to that proposed 
by the House, which provides not less than $196,000,000 to 
carry out alternative development/institution building and 
sustainable development programs in Colombia. Of this amount: 
up to $15,000,000 may be made available for economic 
development activities in Afro-Colombian and indigenous 
communities; not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available 
to protect biodiversity in Colombia's national parks and 
indigenous reserves; not less than $1,700,000 shall be made 
available to the Organization of American States mission to 
monitor the demobilization and reintegration of former 
combatants in Colombia; and not less than $300,000 is available 
to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to conduct 
monitoring of the demobilization process. The amended bill 
directs that the assistance for Colombia shall be apportioned 
directly to USAID and may be transferred and merged with funds 
under the heading ``Development Assistance.'' The 
Appropriations Committees direct that the responsibility for 
deciding the activities to be funded, the funding levels and 
policy decisions concerning the program shall be the 
responsibility of the USAID Administrator in consultation with 
the Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics 
and Law Enforcement Affairs.
    The amended bill provides that up to $1,000,000 may be 
available for administrative expenses of USAID to help carry 
out the assistance programs in the Democratic Republic of 
Timor-Leste, as proposed by the Senate. The House included a 
similar provision.
    The amended bill includes language providing the authority 
to carry out certain assistance for the Central Highlands of 
Vietnam, similar to language proposed by both the House and 
Senate.
    The amended bill includes a provision subjecting any funds 
that are made available for a Middle East Financing Facility, 
Middle East Enterprise Fund, or any other similar entity in the 
Middle East to the regular notification procedures of the 
Appropriations Committees, as proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill includes funding for programs to promote 
democracy and human rights in North Korea under the heading 
``Democracy Fund'' and not under this heading, as proposed by 
the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $53,000,000 for energy-related 
assistance for North Korea, subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Appropriations Committees.
    The Appropriations Committees direct USAID to provide up to 
$74,900,000 for global health and child survival programs under 
this heading, of which $20,700,000 is for child survival and 
maternal health; $47,200,000 is for family planning/
reproductive health; $4,000,000 is for HIV/AIDS; $500,000 is 
for tuberculosis; and $2,500,000 is for malaria programs.
    The amended bill provides not less than $5,000,000 for 
wheelchair programs in developing countries. The funding for 
wheelchair programs shall be allocated through a fully open and 
competitive process based on merit.
    The Appropriations Committees support the use of prior year 
funds, as proposed by the House, to assist religious minorities 
in the Nineveh Plain region of Iraq, and direct that prior to 
the obligation of funds, the Department of State consult with 
ethno-religious minorities and locally-elected representatives 
to identify Iraq-based non-governmental organizations to 
implement these programs.
    The Appropriations Committees are concerned about the 
threat to the existence of Iraq's most vulnerable minorities, 
particularly the Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac Christians, who are 
confronting ethno-religious cleansing in Iraq. The 
Appropriations Committees expect the Department of State and 
USAID to designate a point person within the Department to 
focus, coordinate, and improve United States Government efforts 
to provide for these minorities' humanitarian, security, and 
development needs.
    USAID and the United States Forest Service should continue 
to collaborate with Greece to improve wild land fire management 
and emergency management.
    The amended bill provides $5,000,000 for programs to locate 
and identify persons missing as a result of armed conflict and 
violations of human rights, to be administered by the Bureau 
for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Department of State 
(DRL). The Department of State shall use these funds for 
equipment and training for forensic teams involved in 
investigations of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and 
genocide. The House did not include a similar provision.
    The amended bill does not include language proposed by the 
Senate providing not more than $500,000 should be made 
available for the Department of Energy's National Nuclear 
Security Administration to support initiatives relating to 
North Korea. The Department of State is directed to make 
$500,000 available for this purpose.
    The amended bill does not include funding for the Asia 
Pacific Partnership in fiscal year 2008.
    The amended bill provides $13,000,000 for assistance for 
democracy and humanitarian programs in Burma and along the 
Thai-Burma border. The Appropriations Committees condemn the 
State Peace and Development Council's brutal crackdown on 
democracy and other activists in Burma, and request the 
Department of State to consult on the uses of funds provided 
above the fiscal year 2007 enacted level.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse language in Senate 
Report 110-128 regarding corrupt Cambodian officials and 
Presidential Proclamation 7750. As in previous years, the 
Appropriations Committees direct that $15,000,000 for 
assistance for Cambodia shall be made available to support 
democracy, the rule of law, and human rights in Cambodia, 
including for democratic political parties.
    The Appropriations Committees recommend that funds provided 
to support democracy and human rights in Iran should also be 
used to support groups, organizations, and individuals in the 
Middle East who adhere to democratic principles and who may 
counter in a nonviolent manner the meddling of Iran in the 
domestic political affairs of neighboring countries. The 
Appropriations Committees direct that the Director of United 
States Foreign Assistance shall have responsibility for the 
programmatic and financial oversight of Iran programs 
implemented by the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs at the 
Department of State.
    The amended bill provides $350,000,000 for assistance for 
Pakistan, of which $15,000,000 is for human rights and 
democracy programs. The Appropriations Committees note that up 
to $50,900,000 is available for assistance for Pakistan under 
the ``Development Assistance'' heading.
    The amended bill provides $10,000,000 to rescue scholars in 
Iraq. The Department of State is directed to consult with the 
Appropriations Committees on the uses of these funds, including 
to continue existing programs and to expand placement 
opportunities for scholars in the region.
    The amended bill provides not less than $28,000,000 for 
assistance for the Philippines, instead of $20,000,000 as 
proposed by the House and $30,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
    The amended bill provides not less than $10,700,000 for 
assistance for Vietnam as proposed by the Senate, instead of 
$5,000,000 as proposed by the House, to support a wide range of 
ongoing programs.
    The amended bill provides not less than $9,500,000 for 
assistance for Nepal. These funds are to be used to support 
implementation of the peace agreement, including democratic 
elections, training, and capacity building to promote the role 
of women in Parliament and civil society, and to provide 
economic opportunities for Nepal's rural poor.
    The amended bill provides $5,000,000 for the fund 
established by section 2108 of Public Law 109-13, the Marla 
Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund, as proposed by the Senate. The 
House did not include a similar provision. This fund is 
administered by USAID.
    The amended bill provides not less than $3,000,000 for a 
United States contribution to the Extractive Industries 
Transparency Initiative Trust Fund, as proposed by the Senate 
instead of $1,000,000 as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill provides not less than $3,000,000 to 
support implementation of the Kimberley Process Certification 
Scheme, with an emphasis on support for regional efforts to 
combat cross-border smuggling and for monitoring by civil 
society groups, as proposed by the Senate. The House included 
no similar provision.
    The amended bill provides $5,000,000 to support USAID's 
watershed reforestation program to stabilize Haiti's fragile 
hillsides and support sustainable agriculture.

                     INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR IRELAND

    The amended bill provides $15,000,000 for the International 
Fund for Ireland, as proposed by the House. The Senate did not 
include funding for this program.

          ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

    The amended bill provides $295,950,000 for Assistance for 
Eastern Europe and the Baltic States, instead of $297,332,000 
as proposed by the House and $294,568,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees direct USAID to provide up to 
$2,400,000 for global health and child survival under this 
account, of which $700,000 is for child survival and maternal 
health, and $1,700,000 is for family planning/reproductive 
health programs.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

          Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Albania.................................................         $18,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina..................................          28,000
Kosovo..................................................         148,000
Macedonia...............................................          22,000
Montenegro..............................................           8,000
Serbia..................................................          54,000
Europe, Regional........................................          17,950
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................         295,950

    ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

    The amended bill provides $399,735,000 for Assistance for 
the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union, instead of 
$397,585,000 as proposed by the House and $401,885,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees direct USAID to provide up to 
$47,229,000 for global health and child survival programs, of 
which $5,119,000 is for child survival and maternal health; 
$10,110,000 is for family planning/reproductive health 
programs; $22,000,000 is for HIV/AIDS programs; and $10,000,000 
is for infectious disease programs.
    The Appropriations Committees continue to be concerned with 
the downward spiral of democracy and personal freedoms in 
Russia. The Appropriations Committees believe that the Cold War 
rhetoric of the Russian President undermines United States-
Russian relations, and his crackdown on political opposition, 
civil society, and journalists erodes that country's democratic 
achievements since the end of the Cold War.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

    Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Europe and Eurasia
    Armenia.............................................         $58,500
    Azerbaijan..........................................          19,000
    Belarus.............................................          10,275
    Georgia.............................................          50,500
    Moldova.............................................          14,300
    Russia..............................................          72,225
    Ukraine.............................................          73,000
    Europe/Eurasia Regional.............................          18,711
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Europe and Eurasia....................         316,511
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________

South and Central Asia
    Kazakhstan..........................................          15,000
    Kyrgyz Republic.....................................          25,250
    Tajikistan..........................................          26,000
    Turkmenistan........................................           5,500
    Uzbekistan..........................................           8,474
    Central Asia Regional...............................           3,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, South and Central Asia................          83,224

                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total.......................................         399,735

    The amended bill provides $500,000 for United States Forest 
Service programs in the Russian Far East, as proposed by the 
Senate. The Appropriations Committees endorse language in 
Senate Report 110-128 on this issue. The House did not include 
a similar provision.
    The amended bill provides $8,000,000 for humanitarian, 
conflict mitigation, human rights, civil society and relief and 
recovery assistance for Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan, and 
North Ossetia-Alania in the North Caucasus, as proposed by the 
Senate. The House did not include a similar provision.

                          Independent Agencies


                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

    The amended bill provides $21,000,000 for the Inter-
American Foundation, instead of $19,000,000 as proposed by the 
House and $22,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                     AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

    The amended bill provides $30,000,000 for the African 
Development Foundation, as proposed by the House and Senate.

                              PEACE CORPS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $333,500,000 for the Peace Corps, 
as proposed by the House and the Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees direct the Peace Corps to 
assign volunteers in a cost effective manner and provide 
priority to countries with which the United States has 
important foreign policy interests, and where there is 
hostility toward the United States, including in predominantly 
Muslim countries and the former Soviet republics. The Peace 
Corps is directed to examine, in consultation with the 
Appropriations Committees, its assignments of volunteers in the 
context of changed circumstances since 2001 and to submit a 
report to the Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act on its planned assignments of 
volunteers for fiscal years 2008 and 2009.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

    The amended bill provides $1,557,000,000 for the Millennium 
Challenge Corporation (MCC), instead of $1,800,000,000 as 
proposed by the House and $1,200,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees direct the MCC to ensure that 
compact goals and objectives are realistic and attainable, and 
that oversight of programs is sufficient. The MCC shall report 
to the Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on the steps it is taking to improve 
disbursement while ensuring adequate oversight and appropriate 
country ownership.
    The Appropriations Committees are concerned with the 
initial findings by the Comptroller General that some compacts 
are falling short of stated objectives (GAO-07-909). The 
amended bill includes language in section 668, similar to that 
proposed by the Senate, regarding a Comptroller General 
assessment of financial controls and programmatic results of 
MCC activities.
    The amended bill includes a new paragraph in section 699I 
that requires a report on the proposed uses, on a country-by-
country basis of all funds projected to be obligated and 
expended by the MCC in fiscal year 2008. This is a new 
provision.

                          Department of State


                       GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE

    The amended bill includes funding for global HIV/AIDS 
programs implemented by OGAC under the ``Global Health and 
Child Survival'' heading as proposed by the Senate. The House 
proposed funds for global HIV/AIDS managed by OGAC under this 
heading.

                             DEMOCRACY FUND

    The amended bill provides $164,000,000 for the Democracy 
Fund, instead of $177,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. Of 
this amount, $64,000,000 is for the Department of State's Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund (HRDF) and $100,000,000 is for NED. 
The House included funds for democracy programs under other 
headings in the bill.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                    Human Rights and Democracy Fund


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
China, Hong Kong, Taiwan................................         $15,000
Islamic countries (outside Middle East).................           5,000
Syria...................................................           1,000
Iran....................................................           8,000
Internet Freedom........................................          15,000
North Korea.............................................           3,000
Religious Freedom.......................................           4,000
HRDF-Global.............................................          13,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................          64,000

    DRL is directed to maintain its focus, creativity, and 
ability to respond to opportunities to promote democracy and 
human rights overseas. Reports have emerged of excessive 
bureaucracy and lack of strategic focus within the bureau, 
which unnecessarily hampers responsiveness and effectiveness of 
programs.
    A total of $4,000,000 is provided for programs that promote 
international religious freedom and these programs should be 
implemented as outlined in House Report 110-197. The Department 
of State should consult with the Appropriations Committees 
prior to the initial obligation of funds.
    The Appropriations Committees endorse concerns with 
internet freedom contained in House Report 110-197, and provide 
$15,000,000 for a competitively awarded grant program to 
provide anti-censorship tools and services for the advancement 
of information freedom in closed societies, including the 
Middle East and Asia. DRL should ensure that recipients of 
funds employ internet technology programs and protocols that 
facilitate and promote widespread and secure internet use. Such 
programs should be field tested and have the capacity to 
support large numbers of users simultaneously in a hostile 
internet environment. The Department of State should consult 
with the Appropriations Committees prior to the initial 
obligation of funds. In addition to amounts provided under this 
heading, $2,000,000 is included under the ``Broadcasting Board 
of Governors, International Broadcasting Operations'' heading.
    The amended bill does not include the provisos regarding 
specific authorities for the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor as proposed by the Senate.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                 National Endowment for Democracy-Core


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Africa..................................................         $16,750
Asia....................................................          17,250
Middle East.............................................          17,000
Central and Eastern Europe..............................           5,000
Independent States of the Former Soviet Union...........          14,000
Latin America/Caribbean.................................          12,000
Multiregional...........................................           6,500
Administration..........................................           9,500
Democratic Activities...................................           2,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    National Endowment for Democracy Core...............         100,000

    The NED is expected to apportion these additional core 
funds in the traditional and customary fashion among the core 
institutes.
    The NED should receive an additional $11,000,000 from other 
accounts in this Act to continue ongoing programs, including 
the Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellowship program and the World 
Movement for Democracy, and activities in Burma, Russia, Cuba, 
and elsewhere. The Department of State is expected to consult 
with the Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on this additional funding.
    The amended bill includes the proviso defining democracy 
programs, as proposed by the Senate, which is intended to 
assist the Administration in determining what constitutes such 
programs.
    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate that requires that any contract, grant, or cooperative 
agreement in excess of $2,500,000 for the promotion of 
democracy shall be subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Appropriations Committees. The House did not 
have a similar provision.

          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $558,449,000 for International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE), as proposed by 
the Senate, instead of $568,475,000 as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill includes a provision, similar to that 
proposed by the House, prohibiting assistance for aerial 
spraying in Afghanistan. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision. The Appropriations Committees note that the 
Government of Afghanistan (GoA) does not support the use of 
spraying to counter the drug trade in Afghanistan, and will 
revisit this issue should the GoA's position change.
    The amended bill includes not less than $39,750,000 for 
judicial, human rights, rule of law and related activities in 
Colombia.
    The amended bill does not include provisions proposed by 
the House related to demand reduction programs and programs to 
combat transnational crime and criminal youth gangs. The Senate 
did not include similar provisions.
    The amended bill does not include a provision related to 
programs that combat anti-trafficking in persons, as proposed 
by the Senate.
    The amended bill does not include provisions proposed by 
the House and Senate making INCLE funding available for 
activities and training programs at the International Law 
Enforcement Training Academies.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

          International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Colombia................................................         $39,250
Afghanistan.............................................         274,800
INL Anticrime Programs..................................          12,000
Civilian Police Programs................................           2,000
Criminal Youth Gangs....................................           8,000
Demand Reduction........................................          12,000
International Law Enforcement Academies.................          19,000
International Organizations.............................           4,000
Interregional Aviation Support..........................          55,100
Program Development and Support.........................          19,500
Trafficking in Persons..................................           6,000
Administrative Expenses.................................         $38,000
Other Countries and Programs............................          68,799
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................         558,449

    The amended bill provides not more than $38,000,000 for 
administrative expenses at the Department of State, which does 
not include funding for Iraq administrative expenses.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the Senate regarding kidnapped United States citizens. The 
Appropriations Committees direct the Department of State to 
make funds available to support the efforts of foreign law 
enforcement authorities to locate United States citizens who 
have been kidnapped in, or are otherwise missing from, areas 
affected by violent drug trafficking.
    The Appropriations Committees believe that the Jordan 
International Police Training Center (JIPTC) is underutilized 
in meeting law enforcement, border, and security training needs 
throughout the region, including personnel from Lebanon and the 
West Bank. Therefore, the Department of State is directed, 
after consultation with the Government of Jordan, to submit a 
plan on the uses of JIPTC, as proposed by the Senate, no later 
than April 1, 2008. The plan should include a cost analysis on 
using the Center for such purposes over a five-year period.

                      ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The amended bill provides $327,460,000 for Andean 
Counterdrug Programs, instead of $312,460,000 as proposed by 
the House and $415,050,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill continues current law with regard to a 
unified campaign against narcotics traffickers and foreign 
terrorist organizations, and the prohibition against United 
States Armed Forces personnel or civilian contractors employed 
by the United States government from participating in any 
combat operations.
    The amended bill includes a modified provision proposed by 
both the House and Senate that rotary and fixed wing aircraft 
supported by funding from this heading may be used for aerial 
and manual drug eradication and interdiction efforts to include 
transport of personnel and supplies, support of alternative 
development programs and investigations by the Colombian 
Attorney General's, Prosecutor General's and Public Defender's 
offices.
    The amended bill allows a transfer of up to $2,500,000 of 
funds to the ``Foreign Military Financing Program'' heading for 
the Colombian Armed Forces to provide security for manual 
eradication efforts similar to that proposed by the Senate. The 
amended bill also allows a transfer of up to $2,500,000 to the 
heading ``International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement'' 
for the Colombian National Police to provide security for 
manual eradication efforts.
    The amended bill continues current law with regard to 
certification requirements on aerial spraying in Colombia and 
prohibits the availability of funds under this heading for the 
cultivation or processing of African oil palm if doing so 
contributes to environmental degradation or forced displacement 
of the local populace as proposed by the Senate.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                       Andean Counterdrug Program


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Bolivia
    Interdiction........................................         $30,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Bolivia...............................          30,000
Colombia
    Interdiction & Eradication..........................         251,616
    Transfer to FMF.....................................         [2,500]
    Transfer to INCLE...................................         [2,500]
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Colombia..............................         251,616
Ecuador
    Interdiction........................................           7,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Ecuador...............................           7,000
Peru
    Interdiction........................................          36,844
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Peru..................................          36,844
Brazil..................................................           1,000
Panama..................................................           1,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total.......................................         327,460

    The Appropriations Committees are aware of the needs of 
Colombian soldiers and civilians who have been severely injured 
by landmines and other causes, and who need medical, 
rehabilitation, vocational and related assistance. The 
Department of State is encouraged to provide funding for these 
purposes. Any such assistance should be matched with 
contributions from the Colombian Government.
    The amended bill includes not more than $17,000,000 for 
administrative expenses for the Department of State and not 
more than $7,800,000 may be used for administrative expenses at 
USAID.

                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

    The amended bill provides $1,029,900,000 for Migration and 
Refugee Assistance, instead of $829,900,000 as proposed by the 
House and $889,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. Of this 
amount, $200,000,000 is designated an emergency pursuant to 
section 5 preceding division A of this Act for programs to 
address the pressing needs of Iraqi refugees and of Palestinian 
refugees in Lebanon, the West Bank, and Gaza.
    The amended bill includes $23,000,000 for administrative 
expenses of the program, as proposed by the Senate instead of 
$22,500,000 as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill includes language, similar to that carried 
in the House and Senate bills, stating that not less than 
$40,000,000 should be made available for assistance for 
refugees resettling in Israel.
    The amended bill includes a proviso stating that funds 
shall be made available for assistance for refugees from North 
Korea, as proposed by the Senate. The House included no similar 
provision.
    The Appropriations Committees recognize increased 
humanitarian needs for refugees and internally displaced 
persons and expect additional assistance to be available for 
these purposes in the fiscal year 2008 emergency supplemental 
Act.
    The Appropriations Committees note the sizeable gaps 
between fiscal year 2007 actual costs and the fiscal year 2008 
request, and expect the Administration to request adequate 
funds in fiscal year 2009 to more fully address the needs of 
global refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), 
including emergency appeals, repatriation and new emergencies. 
The Appropriations Committees remain deeply concerned with the 
plight of Iraqi refugees and IDPs.

     UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

    The amended bill provides $45,000,000 for the United States 
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund, as proposed by 
the House and Senate.
    The amended bill does not include language proposed by the 
Senate that provides the funds notwithstanding section 2(c)(2) 
of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962.

    NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

    The amended bill provides $487,000,000 for 
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related Programs 
(NADR), instead of $467,000,000 as proposed by the House and 
$499,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $34,000,000 for the 
Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund, to remain available 
until expended.
    The amended bill provides that not less than $26,000,000 
shall be available for the Biosecurity Engagement Program.
    The amended bill provides that funds available for ``Anti-
terrorism Assistance'' and ``Export Control and Border 
Security'' shall be available until September 30, 2009.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

    Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related Programs


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Nonproliferation Programs:
    Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund...............         $34,000
    Export Control and Related Border Security 
      Assistance........................................          46,000
    Global Threat Reduction (formerly NWMDE)............          57,395
    Biosecurity Engagement..............................        [26,000]
    IAEA Voluntary Contribution.........................          51,500
    CTBT International Monitoring System................          24,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Nonproliferation Programs.............         212,895

Anti-Terrorism Programs
    Anti-terrorism Assistance...........................         124,311
    Terrorist Interdiction Program......................          18,345
    CT Engagement with Allies...........................           1,000
    Counterterrorism Financing..........................           6,368
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Anti-Terrorism Programs...............         150,024

Regional Stability & Humanitarian Assistance
    Humanitarian Demining Program.......................          66,485
    International Trust Fund............................          12,875
    Small Arms/Light Weapons Destruction................          44,721
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal--Regional Stability & Humanitarian 
          Assistance....................................         124,081
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total.......................................         487,000
    The Department of State is directed to continue funding at 
not less than current levels for humanitarian demining and 
other unexploded ordnance clearance programs in Vietnam and 
Laos.

                       Department of the Treasury


               INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

    The amended bill provides $20,400,000 for International 
Affairs Technical Assistance, instead of $18,000,000 as 
proposed by the House and $22,800,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.

                           DEBT RESTRUCTURING

    The amended bill provides $30,300,000 for Debt 
Restructuring, instead of $200,300,000 as proposed by the House 
and Senate. This reduction is made without prejudice and the 
Appropriations Committees intend to re-examine the need for 
resources to support debt relief in subsequent legislation.

                     TITLE IV--MILITARY ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

    The amended bill provides $85,877,000 for International 
Military Education and Training (IMET), as proposed by the 
Senate instead of $85,076,000 as proposed by the House.
    The amended bill includes language proposed by the House 
and Senate restricting IMET assistance for Equatorial Guinea. 
The Appropriations Committees are concerned with reports of 
killings of civilians by Equatorial Guinea security forces and 
direct the Department of State to consult with the 
Appropriations Committees prior to any decision to provide 
military assistance for Equatorial Guinea.
    The amended bill provides that funds made available for 
Haiti, Guatemala, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sri 
Lanka, Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Libya, Angola, and Nigeria may 
only be provided through the regular notification procedures of 
the Appropriations Committees and any such notification shall 
include a detailed description of the proposed activities.
    The Department of State is directed to submit a report to 
the Appropriations Committees not later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act on how the Western Hemisphere Institute 
for Security Cooperation (a.k.a. School of the Americas) IMET 
program for fiscal year 2008 contributes to the promotion of 
human rights, respect for civilian authority and the rule of 
law, establishment of legitimate judicial mechanisms for the 
military, and the goal of right sizing military forces.

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

    The amended bill provides $4,588,325,000 for the Foreign 
Military Financing Program (FMF), instead of $4,509,236,000 as 
proposed by the House and $4,579,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. Of this amount, $100,000,000 is designated an emergency 
pursuant to section 5 preceding division A of this Act.
    The amended bill includes not less than $2,400,000,000 for 
grants only to Israel; $1,300,000,000 shall be available for 
grants only to Egypt; and that $300,000,000 shall be made 
available for assistance for Jordan. The Appropriations 
Committees endorse language in Senate Report 110-128 on the 
uses of additional assistance for Jordan.
    The amended bill provides $8,413,000 for assistance for 
Tunisia under this heading. The Appropriations Committees 
recognize Tunisia's role as a valuable partner to the United 
States in the region. The Appropriations Committees urge the 
Government of Tunisia to more effectively address concerns 
regarding reports of police abuse and restrictions on peaceful 
expression and association.
    The amended bill includes language similar to that proposed 
by the House in section 649, which provides not more than 
$53,000,000 for Colombia, including $5,000,000 for medical and 
rehabilitation assistance, removal of landmines and enhancement 
of communications capabilities as proposed by the Senate.
    The Appropriations Committees direct that $4,000,000 be 
made available for ``Western Hemisphere Regional'' to be used 
to continue the naval cooperation program in the Caribbean to 
strengthen the ability of Central American and Caribbean 
countries to secure their maritime domains and cooperatively 
secure international waters.
    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate making $3,655,000 available for 
assistance to Morocco and an additional $1,000,000 if the 
Secretary of State makes a certification to the Appropriations 
Committees.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                   Foreign Military Financing Program


               [Budget Authority in thousands of dollars]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Armenia.................................................          $3,000
Azerbaijan..............................................           3,000
Colombia................................................          53,000
Egypt...................................................       1,300,000
El Salvador.............................................           4,800
Guatemala...............................................             500
Haiti...................................................             990
Honduras................................................             500
Indonesia...............................................          15,700
Israel..................................................       2,400,000
Jordan..................................................         300,000
Lebanon.................................................           7,000
Nicaragua...............................................             500
Pakistan................................................         300,000
Philippines.............................................          30,000
Poland..................................................          27,200
Tunisia.................................................           8,413
Western Hemisphere Regional.............................           4,000
FMF Admin Cost (DSCA)...................................          41,900
Unallocated.............................................          87,822
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................       4,588,325

    The amended bill provides for the transfer of $4,000,000 to 
the ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' account to be 
administered by DRL for monitoring of FMF assistance in 
countries where such monitoring is most needed, in addition to 
amounts otherwise available for such purposes. These funds are 
intended to be used for activities such as providing hardware 
and software upgrades for monitoring the use of United States 
equipment and for vetting of foreign participants in United 
States military training programs; personnel and travel costs 
in country to conduct monitoring; and other costs associated 
with training United States-based and overseas staff in how to 
interpret and implement the Leahy Law and other human rights 
mandates, such as bringing human rights reporting officers to 
training seminars.
    The Appropriations Committees direct the Secretary of State 
to submit a report not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, detailing the procedures being applied, on a country-
by-country basis, to ensure that FMF assistance for Bangladesh, 
the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Pakistan, 
Philippines, and Sri Lanka, is not misused by units of the 
security forces of such countries against civilians, including 
civilians who are members of political opposition parties and 
human rights groups.

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

    The amended bill provides $263,230,000 for Peacekeeping 
Operations, instead of $293,200,000 as proposed by the House 
and $273,200,000 as proposed by the Senate. Of this amount, 
$35,000,000 is designated an emergency pursuant to section 5 
preceding division A of this Act.
    The amended bill includes $25,000,000 for a United States 
contribution to the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) 
mission in the Sinai, as proposed by the Senate. The 
Appropriations Committees are aware of the security threats to 
the MFO and additional force protection requirements, including 
an operations center upgrade. The Appropriations Committees 
encourage the Administration to consider support for these 
requirements in its fiscal year 2009 budget request for the 
MFO.
    Funds in this account are allocated in the following table, 
subject to the requirements of section 619:

                        Peacekeeping Operations


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Democratic Republic of the Congo........................          $5,500
Liberia.................................................          51,800
Somalia.................................................           2,300
Sudan...................................................          41,400
Darfur..................................................          30,000
Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Program..................          10,000
Global Peace Operations Initiative......................          97,230
Multinational Force and Observers.......................          25,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................         263,230

               TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                  INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

    The amended bill provides $81,763,000 for the Global 
Environment Facility, instead of $106,763,000 as proposed by 
the House and Senate.

       CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

    The amended bill provides $950,000,000 for the contribution 
to the International Development Association, as proposed by 
the House instead of $1,000,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the Senate requiring written assurance from the President of 
the World Bank that the Bank's management will not recommend or 
support any financing for any infrastructure project which 
would contribute to significant loss of tropical forest or 
biodiversity. The Appropriations Committees are alarmed at the 
rate of tropical deforestation and species loss and expect the 
Bank's management to reject, and the Department of the Treasury 
to oppose, any loan, grant, credit or other financing that 
would contribute significantly to such a result.
    The Secretary of the Treasury is directed to report to the 
Appropriations Committees not later than 120 days after 
enactment of this Act on the following: the implementation of 
the IMF Decision on Bilateral Surveillance Over Members 
Policies, announced on June 15, 2007, which establishes a new 
system for IMF bilateral surveillance on exchange rate policies 
of member countries; and which member countries are in 
violation of the Decision including those that are manipulating 
exchange rates for the purpose of securing fundamental exchange 
rate misalignment in the form of an undervalued exchange rate 
with the purpose to increase net exports.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT 
                                  FUND

    The amended bill provides $25,000,000 for the contribution 
to the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment 
Fund, as proposed by the House and Senate.

               CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

    The amended bill provides $75,153,000 for the contribution 
to the Asian Development Fund, instead of $115,306,000 as 
proposed by the House and $65,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

    The amended bill provides $2,037,000 for the contribution 
to the African Development Bank International Organizations, as 
proposed by the House and Senate.

              LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

    The amended bill provides a limitation of $31,918,770 for 
the United States share of the African Development Bank's 
callable capital, as proposed by the House and Senate.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

    The amended bill provides $135,684,000 for the contribution 
to the African Development Fund, as proposed by the House 
instead of $105,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

    The amended bill provides $10,159 for the contribution to 
the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development as 
proposed by the Senate. The House did not include funding for 
this purpose.

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

    The amended bill provides $18,072,000 for the contribution 
to the International Fund for Agricultural Development as 
proposed by the House and Senate.

                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

    The amended bill provides $319,485,000 for International 
Organizations and Programs, instead of $333,400,000 as proposed 
by the House and $313,925,000 as proposed by the Senate.
    Funds are allocated in the following table, subject to the 
requirements of section 619:

                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

        Program/Activity                          Budget Authority Total
Center for Human Settlements (UN-HABITAT)...............           1,000
International Civil Aviation Organization...............             950
International Conservation Programs.....................           6,500
International Contributions for Scientific, Educational 
    & Cultural Activities...............................           1,000
International Development Law Organization..............             300
IMO Maritime Security Programs..........................             400
International Panel on Climate Change/UN Framework 
    Convention on Climate Change........................           5,500
Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.....................          19,000
OAS Development Assistance Programs.....................           5,500
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy....................           3,500
Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe.......           4,500
UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).............................         129,000
UN Development Program (UNDP)...........................          98,160
UN Environment Program (UNEP)...........................          10,500
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights...................           7,000
UN Office for the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs 
    (OCHA)..............................................           3,000
UN Population Fund (UNFPA)..............................           7,000
UN Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field 
    of Human Rights.....................................           1,425
UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture................           7,000
UN Women's Fund (UNIFEM)................................           3,600
UNIFEM Trust Fund.......................................           1,800
World Meteorological Organization.......................           1,900
World Trade Organization Technical Assistance...........             950
    Total...............................................         319,485

    The amended bill does not include the provision related to 
the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDF) as proposed by the 
House. The Senate did not include a similar provision and did 
not provide funding for the UNDF.
    The amended bill does not include the provision related to 
the Organization of American States Fund for Strengthening 
Democracy as proposed by the Senate. The House did not include 
a similar provision.

                                TITLE VI


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    (Note: If the provision proposed by the House and Senate is 
similar, except for a different section number, or minor 
technical differences in language, the section is not addressed 
in this explanatory statement. In addition, the amended bill 
includes in each general provision the scope of its application 
in this Act as proposed by the House, instead of by reference 
as proposed by the Senate.)

Sec. 602. Restriction on Contributions to the United Nations.

    The amended bill modifies House (sections 112, 602) and 
Senate (sec.108) language to prohibit the use of funds from all 
titles of this Act to make any assessed contribution or 
voluntary payment to the UN if the UN implements or imposes any 
taxation on any United States persons.

Sec. 604. Unobligated Balances Report.

    The amended bill includes a provision requiring departments 
and agencies funded under this Act to submit quarterly reports 
on cumulative balances by program, project, and activity that 
remain unobligated, as proposed by the House (sec. 604) and 
Senate (sec. 604).

Sec. 605. Limitation on Representational Allowances.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 605) and Senate (sec. 605) 
regarding limitations on certain representational allowances. 
There are modifications to the funding levels.

Sec. 606. Prohibition on Taxation of United States Assistance.

    The amended bill includes a provision regarding a 
prohibition on the taxation of United States assistance, as 
proposed by the House (sec. 606). The Senate included a similar 
provision (sec. 606).

Sec. 607. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain Countries.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 607) and Senate (sec. 607), which 
prohibits direct funding for certain countries. The provision 
removes Libya from the list of prohibited countries, as 
proposed by the Senate.

Sec. 609. Transfer Authority.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House limiting transfers in all titles of this Act.

Sec. 611. Availability of Funds.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 611) and Senate (sec. 611) that 
addresses the availability of funds. The ``International 
Military Education and Training,'' ``Trade and Development 
Agency,'' and ``Development Credit Authority'' accounts have 
been added to the provision.

Sec. 615. Reprogramming Notification Requirements.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 615) and Senate (sec. 615), with 
modifications, which requires the application of reprogramming 
oversight procedures to all titles of this Act. The amended 
bill includes a provision as proposed by the Senate requiring 
notification and consultation for a significant reduction in 
staff in addition to the proposed closure of a mission. Any 
reduction in excess of 15 percent below the current staff would 
be viewed as a ``significant'' reduction requiring prior 
consultation with the Appropriations Committees.

Sec. 616. Limitation on Availability of Funds for International 
        Organizations and Programs.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 616) and Senate (sec. 616) related 
to withholding the United States proportionate share for 
certain programs of international organizations. The amended 
bill includes a provision, as proposed by the Senate, which 
strikes Libya from the list of countries addressed by section 
307(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act.

Sec. 617. Independent States of the Former Soviet Union.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 617) and Senate (sec. 617), with 
modifications. As proposed by the Senate, the amended bill 
includes Kazakhstan in the list of countries for which funds 
are subject to notification procedures. The amended bill 
includes making the funds available subject to section 117 of 
the Foreign Assistance Act as proposed by the House.

Sec. 619. Allocations.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 619) and Senate (sec. 619) that 
requires that funds in the specified accounts shall be 
allocated as indicated in the respective tables in the 
explanatory statement. Any change to these allocations shall be 
subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the 
Appropriations Committees.

Sec. 620. Special Notification Requirements.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate (sec. 620), which requires that funds 
for Serbia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Cuba, Iran, Haiti, 
Mexico, Nepal, and Cambodia be subject to the special 
notification procedures of this section, instead of a similar 
provision proposed by the House (sec. 620). The amended bill 
further adds Libya and Ethiopia to the list of countries.

Sec. 622. Global Health and Child Survival Activities.

    The amended bill includes a provision regarding child 
survival programs. There are technical modifications to the 
language and the provision designates that not less than 
$461,000,000 should be provided for family planning/
reproductive health programs from this Act. The amended bill 
does not include a provision, as proposed by the House and 
Senate, related to donated contraceptives.

Sec. 623. Afghanistan.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 623) and Senate (sec. 623), which 
provides not less than $1,057,050,000 should be available for 
assistance for Afghanistan. The amended bill provides that not 
less than $3,000,000 should be for reforestation activities, as 
proposed by the House and Senate.
    The amended bill provides $75,000,000 for programs that 
directly address the needs of Afghan women and girls, including 
for the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, the Afghan 
Ministry of Women's Affairs and for women-led civil society 
organizations. The Department of State is directed to provide a 
report as recommended in Senate Report 110-128 under the 
``Development Assistance'' heading. The report should describe 
how funds have been used since fiscal year 2002 for each 
sector, the amounts provided, the types of activities 
supported, best practices identified, and the measurable 
impacts on the livelihood and status of women and girls. In 
addition to the sectors listed in the Senate report, the 
following should be included: agriculture, alternative 
development, democracy and governance (including judicial 
reform), and grants or programs implemented by Provincial 
Reconstruction Teams.
    The amended bill provides $20,000,000 for agriculture 
extension services in Afghanistan, as proposed by the Senate. 
This funding should be provided through a transparent and 
competitively bid process.
    The amended bill provides that $2,000,000 should be for a 
United States contribution to the NATO/International Security 
Assistance Force Post-Operations Humanitarian Relief Fund, as 
proposed by the Senate.
    The amended bill provides $10,000,000 for USAID's Afghan 
Civilian Assistance Program, as proposed by the Senate.

Sec. 625. Global Fund Management.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to Global 
Fund management, as proposed by the House and Senate. There are 
modifications to the language including technical changes, and 
modifications to the certification requirements.

Sec. 630. Financial Market Assistance.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House (sec. 630), which requires that not less than $40,000,000 
should be made available for building capital markets and 
financial systems. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.

Sec. 633. Comprehensive Expenditures Report.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate (sec. 633), which requires the Secretary 
of State to detail expenditures in fiscal years 2005 and 2006 
by Federal agency for programs and activities in each foreign 
country and the purpose for which funds were provided in a 
report that should be submitted to the Appropriations 
Committees no later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, 
in a classified form if necessary.

Sec. 634. Special Authorities.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 633) and Senate (sec. 634), which 
provides special authorities as follows:
    In subsection (a), the amended bill includes language 
proposed by the House and Senate that provides certain 
authority for assistance for Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, 
Lebanon, Montenegro, victims of war, displaced children, and 
displaced Burmese.
    In subsection (f), the amended bill includes language as 
proposed by the Senate, which extends until 2009 the 
application of a law making certain Vietnamese nationals 
eligible for resettlement in the United States. The House did 
not include this provision.
    In subsection (h), the amended bill includes language 
similar to that proposed by the Senate that provides 
$10,000,000 for American educational institutions and 
nongovernmental organizations in the People's Republic of 
China. The House did not include this provision.
    In subsection (i), the amended bill includes modified 
language that subjects the Middle East Foundation to the 
regular notification procedures of the Appropriations 
Committees.
    In subsection (k), the amended bill includes language 
proposed by the Senate, which extends authorities for refugee 
status for certain categories of refugees. The House did not 
include this provision.
    In subsection (m), the amended bill includes language as 
proposed by the Senate, which provides that notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, not less than $2,000,000 of funds 
appropriated under the heading ``Embassy Security, 
Construction, and Maintenance'' shall be available for the 
Capital Security Cost-Sharing fees of the Library of Congress 
for fiscal year 2008.
    In subsection (n), the amended bill includes language 
proposed by the Senate related to the support of programs to 
demobilize, disarm, and reintegrate into civilian society 
former members of foreign terrorist organizations who have 
renounced involvement in such organizations. The language also 
defines the term foreign terrorist organization.
    In subsection (o), the amended bill includes language as 
proposed by the Senate, which provides that democracy, human 
rights, and governance activities of non-governmental 
organizations shall not be subject to prior approval by the 
host government.
    In subsection (p), the amended bill provides new authority 
for USAID to provide assistance to improve conditions in prison 
facilities administered by foreign governments, including 
sanitation and adequate food, drinking water and medical care 
where prisoners are confined in inhumane and dangerous 
conditions often without due process.
    In subsection (q), the amended bill includes $5,000,000 for 
the Program for Research and Training on Eastern Europe and the 
Independent States of the Former Soviet Union (title VIII).
    In subsection (r), the amended bill includes new language 
that extends the authority of the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors for personal service contractors.
    In subsection (s), the amended bill includes new language 
that increases the authorized funding level of the 
Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue from $50,000 to $100,000.
    In subsection (t), the amended bill includes new language 
that extends the authority of the Overseas Private Investment 
Corporation.
    The amended bill does not include subsection (h) of the 
House bill and subsection (i) of the Senate bill, which 
addressed waivers on assistance to Pakistan. This matter is 
addressed in section 2042(g) of Public Law 110-53.
    The amended bill does not include a provision in this 
section proposed by the Senate that made funds available for 
administrative expenses of USAID with respect to programs in 
the West Bank and Gaza. The House did not include this 
provision. The issue is addressed under the heading ``Economic 
Support Fund'' of this Act.

Sec. 636. Eligibility for Assistance.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 635) and Senate (sec. 636), which 
applies restrictions contained under titles II through V of 
this or any other Act with respect to assistance for a country.

Sec. 637. Reservations of Funds.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 636) and Senate (sec. 637) related 
to the reprogramming of certain funds under certain conditions 
notwithstanding any other provision of this or any other Act. 
The amended bill also includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate stating that funding ceilings and specifically 
designated funding levels contained in this Act shall not apply 
to funds or authorities in any subsequent Act unless 
specifically so directed.

Sec. 638. Asia.

    In subsection (a), the amended bill includes a provision as 
proposed by the Senate (sec. 638), which requires that funding 
in this Act under the headings ``Global Health and Child 
Survival'' and ``Development Assistance'' be provided at not 
less than the funding levels allocated for each account in the 
fiscal year 2007 653(a) report for Cambodia, Philippines, 
Vietnam, Asia and Near East Regional, and Regional Development 
Mission/Asia. The House did not include a similar provision.
    In subsection (b), the amended bill includes a provision on 
Burma as proposed by the Senate that provides not less than 
$13,000,000 in funds under the heading ``Economic Support 
Fund'' shall be available to support democracy activities in 
Burma, along the Burma-Thailand border, and for Burmese student 
groups and other organizations. The amended bill also includes 
not less than $3,000,000 under the ``Migration and Refugee 
Assistance'' heading for community-based organizations 
operating in Thailand to provide food, medical and other 
humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in 
eastern Burma. The House did not include a similar provision.
    In subsection (c), the amended bill includes a provision on 
Tibet similar to that proposed by the House (sec. 676) and 
Senate (sec. 638(c)), which provides that not less than 
$5,000,000 in funds under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' 
is available to preserve cultural traditions, to support 
sustainable development, and for environmental conservation.

Sec. 639. Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 638) and Senate (sec. 639) 
prohibiting the use of funds for publicity or propaganda 
purposes. The amended bill continues current law as proposed by 
the House. The Senate did not include this provision.

Sec. 641. Requests for Documents.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 641) and Senate (sec. 642), which 
prohibits the provision of funds from titles II through V to 
any nongovernmental organization or contractor that fails to 
provide any document, file, or record necessary to USAID's 
auditing requirements. The amended bill does not include the 
additional disclosure requirement as proposed by the Senate.

Sec. 642. Prohibition on Assistance to Foreign Governments that Export 
        Lethal Military Equipment to Countries Supporting International 
        Terrorism.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 641) and Senate (sec. 642), which 
prohibits funds in titles II through V of this Act from being 
made available to any foreign government that provides lethal 
military equipment to certain countries.

Sec. 646. Landmines and Cluster Munitions.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 645) and Senate (sec. 646), which 
continues the authority in current law regarding the provision 
of demining equipment notwithstanding any other provision of 
law.
    The amended bill adds a new subsection to the provision, 
which was proposed as a separate section of the Senate 
amendment (sec. 695). The language prohibits the issuance of 
defense export licenses for cluster munitions, the provision of 
military assistance for the purchase of cluster munitions, or 
the transfer of such weapons or associated technology unless: 
1) sub-munitions of cluster bombs have been tested to have a 99 
percent effective detonation rate, and 2) end use agreements 
specify such weapons will only be used in non-civilian areas 
against clearly identified military targets. The House did not 
include a similar provision.

Sec. 647. Restrictions Concerning the Palestinian Authority.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 646) regarding a prohibition on the 
creation of a United States government office in Jerusalem and 
holding meetings in Jerusalem.

Sec. 649. Colombia.

    The amended bill includes a combined provision regarding 
assistance to Colombia. The language in this provision 
incorporates the content of sections 649, 656 and 672 as 
proposed by the House and sections 656, 657 and 684 as proposed 
by the Senate with some modifications.
    The amended bill provides that not more than $545,608,000 
of the funds appropriated by titles III and IV shall be made 
available for assistance for Colombia, instead of $530,608,000 
as proposed by the House and $560,748,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                Colombia


                [Budget authority, dollars in thousands]

                                                  Budget Authority Total
Foreign Military Financing (FMF)........................          53,000
    Transfer from ACP...................................           2,500
International Military Education and Training (IMET)....           1,500
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related 
    Programs (NADR).....................................           3,742
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 
    (INCLE).............................................          39,750
    Transfer from ACP...................................           2,500
Economic Support Fund (ESF).............................         196,000
Andean Counterdrug Program (ACP)
Interdiction/Eradication (Support for the Colombia 
    National Police and Military).......................         244,016
    Transfer to FMF.....................................          -2,500
    Transfer to INCLE...................................          -2,500
Program, Development and Support........................           7,600
    Critical Flight Safety Program......................        [39,300]
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total--Andean Counterdrug Program...................         246,616
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
            Total--Colombia.............................         545,608

    The amended bill sets funding levels by reference and 
provides that any changes shall be subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Appropriations Committees and 
continues current law certification requirements on assistance 
to the Colombian military. The amended bill provides that 
$11,422,000 is available for demobilization and disarmament 
assistance to former combatants under the heading ``Economic 
Support Fund'' and continues the current law with regard to 
denial of visas for supporters of Colombian illegal armed 
groups.

Sec. 650. Limitation on Assistance to the Palestinian Authority.

    The amended bill includes a reporting requirement proposed 
by the House (sec. 650(d)) and Senate (sec. 650(d)), which 
provides that whenever the waiver authority of this section is 
exercised the President shall submit a report to the 
Appropriations Committees detailing the justification for the 
waiver; the purposes for which the funds will be spent; the 
accounting procedures in place to ensure that the funds are 
properly disbursed; and the steps taken by the Palestinian 
Authority to arrest terrorists, confiscate weapons and 
dismantle the terrorist infrastructure.

Sec. 651. Limitation on Assistance to Security Forces.

    The amended bill includes language proposed by the Senate, 
adding a new section to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
entitled ``Limitation on Assistance for Security Forces.'' This 
provision is consistent with longstanding United States law and 
practice. The House provision provided a one-year extension of 
this prohibition.

Sec. 654. Libya.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate (sec. 697) and the House (sec. 654), 
which limits certain types of assistance to Libya.

Sec. 655. Palestinian Statehood.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 655) and the Senate (sec. 655), 
which addresses certain restrictions on assistance to a 
Palestinian state.

Sec. 656. Prohibition on Assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting 
        Corporation.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House (sec. 657) that applies the prohibition to all titles in 
this Act. The Senate provision (sec. 111) only applied the 
prohibition to funds in title I of this Act.

Sec. 657. West Bank and Gaza Assistance.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to the House 
(sec. 659) and Senate (sec. 658), which addresses funds 
available for the West Bank and Gaza Program. The language 
includes a provision as proposed by the House that requires the 
Comptroller General of the United States to conduct an audit of 
fiscal year 2008 funds and continues a provision that requires 
the Secretary of State to submit a report required in section 
2106 of chapter 2 of title II of P.L. 109-13.

Sec. 660. Contribution to the United Nations Population Fund.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to the United 
States contribution to the United Nations Population Fund as 
proposed by the House (sec. 660) and Senate (sec. 630). There 
are technical modifications to the language, and changes to the 
funding level from the ``International Organizations and 
Programs'' account.

Sec. 664. Basic Education.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to basic 
education similar to that proposed by the House (sec. 667). The 
provision is similar to the House provision with minor 
modifications regarding funding levels, and the placement of 
the Coordinator. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.

Sec. 665. Reconciliation Programs.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to those 
proposed by the House (sec. 668) and Senate (sec. 665) related 
to reconciliation programs. $16,000,000 is provided to support 
reconciliation programs, and an additional $9,000,000 is 
provided for reconciliation programs in the Middle East. 
Programs in the Middle East shall support people-to-people 
coexistence and reconciliation programs, which will increase 
dialogue between Israelis, Palestinians, Arabs, Jews, and 
Muslims in the region. This funding should be provided through 
an open, transparent and competitively bid process. The 
Department of State and USAID are expected to consult with the 
Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on these programs.

Sec. 666. Sudan.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to both the 
House (sec. 669) and Senate (sec. 666) related to Sudan with 
technical modifications to the language. The amended bill 
provides USAID with the authority to use up to $5,000,000 for 
administrative and other expenses in Chad. These funds will be 
used for the permanent placement of personnel in Eastern Chad. 
The Appropriations Committees remain concerned with the dire 
situation faced by refugees and internally displaced persons 
populations from Sudan and the Central African Republic, as 
well as by host communities whose already limited resources are 
further challenged by increased populations. The Appropriations 
Committees believe that a permanent presence of a USAID 
employee in Eastern Chad may help facilitate the delivery of 
assistance and better coordinate humanitarian and other efforts 
with the UN, European Union, and other organizations.

Sec. 667. Trade Capacity Building.

    The amended bill includes a provision proposed by the House 
(sec. 670) that makes not less than $550,000,000 available for 
trade capacity building assistance from title III of this Act. 
The Senate did not include a similar provision.
    The House included a proviso to provide $10,000,000 under 
the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' for labor and 
environmental capacity building activities relating to the 
Central America Free Trade Agreement. The Senate funded this 
program under the ``Economic Support Fund'' heading. The 
amended bill has moved this initiative to section 672 of this 
Act.

Sec. 668. Transparency and Accountability.

    The amended bill includes language in this provision 
similar to that proposed by the Senate regarding transparency 
and accountability at the United Nations Development Program, 
the World Bank, and a Comptroller General report on the MCC and 
HIV/AIDS programs.
    The amended bill includes language similar to that proposed 
by the Senate restricting assistance for the central government 
of any country that fails to make publicly available its 
national budget. In exercising the waiver authority provided, 
the Secretary of State shall provide the Appropriations 
Committees with a list of countries to be waived and specific 
efforts undertaken by the United States, if any, to assist 
those foreign governments to increase the transparency of 
national budgets.

Sec. 670. Gender-Based Violence.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House, which requires that police, military and judicial 
official training programs funded by titles III and IV of this 
Act shall include instruction on how to address incidences of 
gender-based violence. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.

Sec. 671. Limitation on Economic Support Fund Assistance for Certain 
        Foreign Governments That Are Parties to the International 
        Criminal Court.

    The amended bill continues current year language as 
proposed by the House, which prohibits the use of funds under 
the ``Economic Support Fund'' heading for assistance to any 
government of a country that is a party to the International 
Criminal Court.

Sec. 672. Western Hemisphere.

    The amended bill includes provisions similar to that 
proposed by the House (sec. 677) and Senate (sec. 649). In 
subsection (a), the amended bill includes a provision, which 
requires that funding in this Act under the headings ``Global 
Health and Child Survival'' and ``Development Assistance'' 
should be provided at not less than the funding levels 
allocated for each account in the fiscal year 2007 (according 
to the Foreign Assistance Act section 653(a) report) for El 
Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, Ecuador, Peru, 
Bolivia, Brazil, Latin America and Caribbean Regional, Central 
America Regional and South America Regional.
    In subsection (b), the amended bill includes a provision on 
assistance for Haiti as proposed by the House, which provides 
not less than $201,548,000 in funds appropriated under titles 
III and IV of this Act available to Haiti, provides that the 
Government of Haiti is eligible to purchase defense articles 
for the Coast Guard, and includes a restriction on certain 
INCLE funding in this Act.
    In subsection (c), the amended bill includes a provision on 
the Dominican Republic as proposed by the Senate, which 
provides not less than $23,000,000 in funds under the headings 
``Global Health and Child Survival'' and ``Development 
Assistance'' shall be for assistance to the Dominican Republic, 
of which not less than $5,000,000 is for basic needs of migrant 
workers and other residents of batey communities.
    In subsection (d), the amended bill includes a provision 
similar to the House and Senate on assistance for Guatemala, 
which provides $4,000,000 in funding under the ``Economic 
Support Fund'' heading for a United States contribution to the 
International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala. 
Additionally, the language provides authority for funding from 
the ``International Military Education and Training'' and 
``Foreign Military Financing'' accounts if certain conditions 
are met.
    In subsection (e), the amended bill provides not less than 
$10,000,000 from the ``Economic Support Fund'' account for 
labor and environmental capacity building activities relating 
to the free trade agreement of Central America and the 
Dominican Republic.

Sec. 673. Zimbabwe.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 669), which directs the Secretary of the Treasury 
to instruct the United States executive director to each 
international financial institution to vote against any 
extension of any loan to the Government of Zimbabwe. The House 
did not include a similar provision.

Sec. 674. Development Grants Program.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to the 
Development Grants Program, as proposed by the Senate. There 
are minor modifications relating to eligibility requirements 
and grant award levels. The Appropriations Committees intend 
this program to be available for small grants to small 
nongovernmental organizations, which may lack the capacity to 
compete for or implement large grants.

Sec. 675. Disaster Assistance and Recovery.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 672) that extends the available uses of unexpended 
funds previously appropriated to the Government Accountability 
Office to fiscal year 2008. The language does not include the 
provision that the authority is available in ensuing years.

Sec. 676. United States Agency for International Development 
        Management.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to USAID 
management as proposed by the House (sec. 678) and the Senate 
(sec. 673). There are technical modifications to the language. 
The language also provides up to $15,000,000 to fund overseas 
support costs of members of the Foreign Service with a Foreign 
Service rank of four or below as proposed by the Senate.

Sec. 679. Indonesia.

    The amended bill provides $15,700,000 for assistance for 
Indonesia under the heading ``Foreign Military Financing 
Program'', of which $13,000,000 may be obligated immediately. 
The remaining $2,700,000 may not be made available until the 
Secretary of State reports to the Appropriations Committees on 
steps taken, and plans developed, by the Government of 
Indonesia to address certain human rights concerns involving 
the Indonesian Armed Forces. The House (sec. 682) and Senate 
(sec. 685) included similar provisions.

Sec. 680. Limitation on Basing in Iraq.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House (sec. 685), regarding basing rights in Iraq.

Sec. 681. Prohibition on Use of Torture.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that by 
the House (sec. 686) that prohibits the use of funds from this 
Act to support torture or cruel or inhumane treatment by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government. 
The Senate did not contain a similar provision.

Sec. 682. Report on Indonesia.

    The amended bill includes a provision requiring the 
Secretary of State to report not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on certain steps that the Indonesian 
Government has taken similar to that proposed by the House 
(sec. 687).

Sec. 683. Extradition.

    The amended bill combines three provisions included in the 
House bill (sections 688, 689, 699K) that prohibit the use of 
funds in this Act for assistance when governments fail to 
permit the extradition of certain individuals. The provision 
has been modified to provide a waiver of the restriction on a 
case-by-case basis if the Secretary of State certifies to the 
Appropriations Committees that such a waiver is important to 
the national interests of the United States.

Sec. 684. Environment and Energy Programs.

    The amended bill modifies a provision similar to that 
proposed by the House and Senate. There are technical 
modifications to the language, modifications to the funding 
level, and modifications to the Extractive Industries report. 
The amended bill includes language proposed by the Senate that 
not less than $2,000,000 should be made available for wildlife 
conservation and protected area management in the Boma-Jonglei 
landscape of Southern Sudan. USAID is directed to consult with 
the Appropriations Committees prior to the obligation of funds.

Sec. 685. Uzbekistan.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision, as proposed 
by the House (sec. 692) and Senate (sec. 677) regarding 
assistance for Uzbekistan. The language adds an additional 
requirement with regard to individuals credibly alleged to have 
been involved in violations of human rights.

Sec. 686. Repression in the Russian Federation.

    The amended bill modifies a provision as proposed by the 
House (sec. 693) that withholds funding from the Government of 
the Russian Federation until the President certifies that the 
Russian Central Government is not acting to discriminate 
against minority religious faiths. The amended bill includes 
new language regarding the repression of civil society, the 
press and political opposition parties. A national security 
waiver is included. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.

Sec. 687. War Crimes in Africa.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision as proposed 
by the House (sec. 694), requiring a certification by the 
Secretary of State before any funding may be made available to 
the central government of any country in which a person 
indicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone or International 
Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is living. The Senate did not 
include a similar provision.

Sec. 688. Combating Piracy of United States Copyrighted Materials.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House (sec. 695) regarding the use of funds under the heading 
``International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement'' to 
combat piracy of United States copyrighted materials overseas. 
The Senate did not include a similar provision.

Sec. 689. Neglected Tropical Diseases.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision similar to 
those proposed by the House (sec. 698) and Senate (sec. 680) 
with a change to the funding level.

Sec. 690. Egypt.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision, similar to 
that proposed by the House, which sets certain conditions on 
$100,000,000 of assistance funds for Egypt provided under the 
headings ``Foreign Military Financing Program'' or under the 
heading ``Economic Support Fund'', unless the Secretary of 
State determines it is in the national security interest to 
waive the conditions. The Senate did not include a similar 
provision.

Sec. 691. Relief for Iraqi, Montagnards, Hmong and other Refugees who 
        do not Pose a Threat to the United States.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
House (sec. 699A) and Senate (sec. 694), which amends section 
212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to modify 
admission qualifications for certain Hmong and other groups 
that do not pose a threat to the United States, to designate 
the Taliban as a terrorist organization, and to make certain 
other technical corrections.

Sec. 692. Report on Anti-Corruption Activities.

    The amended bill includes a provision requiring a report on 
corruption in countries receiving United States development 
assistance and on the specific anti-corruption programs and 
activities supported by United States assistance as proposed by 
the House. Corruption is an impediment to the economic 
development and political stability of many countries as well 
as to the effectiveness of United States development 
assistance. The Secretary of State, the USAID Administrator, 
and other senior United States development officials should 
incorporate anti-corruption activities into development 
assistance strategies and programs. At a minimum, the report 
shall:
    (a) include a comparative corruption rating of countries 
receiving United States development assistance;
    (b) identify which countries are of concern for fiscal 
years 2008 and 2009, including countries that the Secretary of 
State determines are not making significant efforts to combat 
corruption;
    (c) for each country determined to be of concern:
    (1) describe steps it has taken to combat corruption;
    (2) include information on the level of corruption in its 
public and private sectors;
    (3) assess the extent to which political processes are 
credible, transparent and inclusive; and
    (4) describe at the program, project, and activity level 
how United States assistance in fiscal year 2008, and proposed 
for 2009, is designed to strengthen anti-corruption activities, 
including specific outcome goals and objectives.
    The Secretary of State should utilize available assessments 
and methodology to the extent possible to develop the 
comparative corruption rating. The Secretary of State shall 
consult with the Appropriations Committees and shall report not 
later than May 1, 2008, on the methodology and criteria that 
will be used to develop the ratings and to determine which 
countries are of concern.

Sec. 693. Democracy, Rule of Law, and Governance in Iran.

    The amended bill modifies the provisions proposed by the 
House (sec. 699C) and Senate (sec. 699B) making $60,000,000 
available for programs to promote democracy, rule of law and 
governance in Iran.

Sec. 694. Denial of Visas Related to Removal of Aliens.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 699D) that provides that no funds may be used to 
grant visas to individuals of countries that are denying or 
delaying accepting aliens removed from the United States. The 
House included a similar provision (sec. 699G).

Sec. 695. United Nations Human Rights Council.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 699H) and the House (sec. 699J), which prohibits 
support to the United Nations Human Rights Council unless the 
Secretary of State certifies to the Appropriations Committees 
that it is in the national interest to do so.

Sec. 696. Attendance at International Conferences.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 699M) related to attendance at international 
meetings. The House included a similar provision.

Sec. 697. Saudi Arabia.

    The amended bill modifies the provision related to Saudi 
Arabia as proposed by the House (sec. 699N) to reflect current 
law.

Sec. 698. Central Asia.

    The amended bill includes a provision similar to that 
proposed by the Senate (sec. 678) regarding assistance to 
Central Asia. The House did not include a similar provision.

Sec. 699. Disability Programs.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to disability 
programs as proposed by the Senate. The House did not include a 
similar provision.

Sec. 699A. Orphans, Displaced and Abandoned Children.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to programs 
for orphans, displaced and abandoned children as proposed by 
the Senate. The House did not include a similar provision.

Sec. 699B. Advisor for Activities Relating to Indigenous Peoples 
        Internationally.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision to establish 
an Advisor of Activities Related to Indigenous Peoples 
Internationally similar to that proposed by the Senate. The 
House did not include a similar provision.

Sec. 699C. Child Soldiers.

    The amended bill modifies a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 687), which prohibits the furnishing of military 
assistance, equipment or technology to a country that is 
identified by the Department of State's 2006 Country Reports on 
Human Rights Practices as recruiting or using child soldiers. 
The House did not include a similar provision.

Sec. 699D. Funding for Serbia.

    The amended bill includes a provision proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 661), and similar to that proposed by the House 
(sec. 663), which restricts assistance for the central 
government of Serbia, after May 31, 2008, for certain specified 
conditions.

Sec. 699E. Philippines.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 688), which provides $28,000,000 in assistance 
under the ``Foreign Military Financing'' heading for the 
Philippines and provides an additional $2,000,000 if the 
Secretary of State reports to the Appropriations Committees on 
certain issues.

Sec. 699F. Pakistan.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision similar to 
that proposed by the Senate, making $250,000,000 in FMF 
available immediately and the remaining $50,000,000 available 
after a report by the Secretary of State. The House did not 
include a similar provision.

Sec. 699G. Sri Lanka.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to Sri Lanka 
as proposed by the Senate (sec. 690) modified to allow certain 
surveillance and communication equipment. The House did not 
include a similar provision.

Sec. 699H. Multilateral Development Banks.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision regarding 
the Inspection Panel at the World Bank, as proposed by the 
Senate. The House did not include a similar provision. The 
provision related to the Anti-Corruption Trust Pilot Program as 
proposed by the Senate was not included in the amended bill.
    The Appropriations Committees expect the Secretary of the 
Treasury to develop and submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations, by June 1, 2008, a proposal for the 
establishment of an anti-corruption trust fund, or other 
mechanism, for the multilateral development banks, the purposes 
of which shall include: to assist poor countries in 
investigations and prosecutions of fraud and corruption related 
to loans, grants, or credits provided to them by a multilateral 
development bank; to provide the means for prosecutorial 
training and education in order to better equip recipient 
countries to fight fraud and corruption; and to build the 
capacity of recipient countries to prevent fraud and 
corruption. The Appropriations Committees define `poor 
countries' as countries eligible to borrow from the 
International Development Association.

Sec. 699I. Millennium Challenge Corporation.

    The amended bill includes a provision related to the 
environmental impact of MCC compacts, as proposed by the 
Senate. The House did not include a similar provision. New 
language is included that directs the MCC to submit a report to 
the Appropriations Committees regarding the MCC's fiscal year 
2008 plans and implementation of compacts.

Sec. 699J. Carry Forward of Unused Special Immigrant Visas.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 698) related to special immigrant visas for 
translators in Iraq. The House did not include a similar 
provision.

Sec. 699K. Iraq.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 699M), which prohibits funds from this Act for 
assistance for Iraq; exempting assistance for humanitarian 
demining, assistance for refugees and internally displaced 
persons, $5,000,000 for the Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims 
Fund and $10,000,000 for the rescue of Iraqi scholars under the 
heading ``Economic Support Fund.'' The House did not include a 
similar provision.
    The Department of State shall provide the Appropriations 
Committees with the report contained in sec. 699M(b) of the 
Senate bill in the manner and timeline prescribed.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the Senate restricting assistance for Iraq in this Act or 
prior Acts making appropriations for foreign operations, export 
financing, and related programs on a Secretary of State 
certification that the Appropriations Committees are given 
adequate access to conduct needed oversight of Iraq programs. 
Should this access not improve, the Appropriations Committees 
will address this matter more forcefully in subsequent 
appropriations bills.

Sec. 699L. Anti-Kleptocracy.

    The amended bill includes a provision as proposed by the 
Senate (sec. 699N), which requires the Secretary of State to 
compile and maintain a list of foreign government officials and 
their immediate family members who have been involved in 
corruption relating to the extraction of natural resources in 
their countries. The section also requires the imposition of 
particular sanctions on these individuals and requires a 
report.

Sec. 699M. Comprehensive Nuclear Threat Reduction and Security Plan.

    The amended bill includes a modified provision as proposed 
by the Senate (sec. 699P), which provides that not later than 
180 days after enactment of this Act, the President shall 
submit a comprehensive nuclear threat reduction and security 
plan, in both classified and unclassified forms.

Sec. 699N. Prohibition on Promotion of Tobacco.

    The amended bill includes new language related to the 
promotion of tobacco and tobacco products in the developing 
world, which continues current law.

Sec. 699O. Unobligated Funds Rescissions.

    The amended bill includes rescissions totaling 
$158,000,000. Of this amount, $25,000,000 is from prior year 
funds under the heading ``Subsidy Appropriation'' for the 
Export-Import Bank of the United States. The remaining 
$133,000,000 is from prior year balances under the heading 
``Economic Support Fund.''

Sec. 699P. Across-the-Board Rescission.

    The amended bill includes an across-the-board rescission of 
0.81 percent.

              PROVISIONS NOT INCLUDED IN THE AMENDED BILL

    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the Senate (sec. 301) regarding kidnapping or missing United 
States citizens. The Appropriations Committees direct that 
funds should be made available for this purpose under the 
heading ``International Narcotics Control and Law 
Enforcement.''
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the Senate (sec. 619) regarding export financing transfer 
authorities. This provision was included in the Transfer 
Authority section of the House bill. The amended bill addresses 
limiting export financing transfer authorities in section 
609(b) of this Act.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the House (sec. 637) regarding the application in subsequent 
Acts of funding ceilings and specifically designated funding 
levels. The amended bill addresses this provision in section 
637.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the House (sec. 648) regarding Haiti. The Senate included this 
provision in the ``Western Hemisphere'' general provision (sec. 
649). The amended bill addresses this provision in section 672, 
a new ``Western Hemisphere'' general provision.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the House (sec. 673) or Senate (sec. 696) regarding assistance 
for Cuba.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the House (sec. 672), ``Assistance to Colombia Law 
Enforcement to Combat Illegal Armed Groups'' or Senate 
provision (sec. 657) ``Illegal Armed Groups.'' The amended bill 
addresses these issues in section 649.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
both the House (sec. 656) and Senate (sec. 656) that addressed 
funding restrictions on the Colombian armed forces and instead 
adds the issues addressed by these provisions in section 649.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the Senate (sec. 671) requiring the Secretary of State to 
submit a report on procedures for monitoring the use of FMF 
assistance for certain countries. The Appropriations Committees 
direct the Secretary of State to submit a report not later than 
90 days after enactment of this Act, detailing the procedures 
being applied, on a country-by-country basis, to ensure that 
FMF assistance for Bangladesh, the Democratic Republic of the 
Congo, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Philippines, and Sri Lanka is not 
used by units of the security forces of such countries against 
civilians, including civilians who are members of political 
opposition parties and human rights groups. The House did not 
include a similar provision.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the House (sec. 681) regarding anticorruption provisions. 
The issues addressed by this provision are included in section 
668.
    The amended bill does not include a provision ``United 
Nations Headquarters Renovation'' as proposed by the House 
(sec. 697). The Senate did not have a similar provision. The 
Appropriations Committees are concerned that the United Nations 
facilities located in New York, New York are not currently in 
full compliance with all New York city fire, building and 
safety codes. The Department of State is directed to submit 
within 45 days of the date of enactment of this Act a report on 
whether the United Nations facilities are: 1) currently in 
compliance with New York city fire, building and safety codes, 
2) have renovation plans for such facilities that meet the 
requirements of New York city fire, building and safety codes, 
3) have plans for such renovated facilities to maintain 
compliance over time, and 4) have plans for the interim 
facilities that will be occupied during the renovation to also 
meet the fire, building and safety codes.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the House (sec. 683) establishing the GROWTH fund. Language 
regarding a similar fund is under the ``Development 
Assistance'' heading.
    The amended bill does not include a provision as proposed 
by the House (sec. 690) that required the United States 
Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to 
use the voice of the United States to ensure that any loan, 
agreement, or other program of the IMF does not penalize 
countries for increased government spending on health care or 
education as proposed by the House. The Appropriations 
Committees expect the United States Executive Director to 
support IMF efforts to responsibly expand health care, 
education, and development spending in developing countries. 
The Senate did not have a similar provision.
    The amended bill does not include the provision proposed by 
the House (sec. 696) or the Senate (sec. 683) regarding 
oversight of Iraq reconstruction as the Appropriations 
Committees understand this matter is addressed in other 
legislation.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the House regarding Taiwan. The Appropriations Committees 
affirm that the Taiwan Relations Act (Public Law 96-8) provides 
the legal framework for relations between the United States and 
Taiwan. The Appropriations Committees underscore the importance 
of peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait, and deplore the 
recent decision of the People's Republic of China to block 
United States naval vessels from visiting Hong Kong, 
particularly two ships seeking safe harbor from a storm.
    The amended bill does not include a Senate provision (sec. 
699O) concerning a strategy for United States efforts to 
resolve the conflict in northern Uganda. The Appropriations 
Committees direct the Secretary of State to submit a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations not later than 90 days after 
enactment of the Act, detailing a strategy for substantially 
enhancing United States efforts to resolve the conflict between 
the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Government of Uganda 
(GOU), including direct and sustained participation by the U.S. 
in confidence-building measures in furtherance of the peace 
process; increased diplomatic pressure on the Democratic 
Republic of the Congo (to eliminate the LRA's current safe 
haven) and on Sudan; brokering direct negotiations between the 
GOU and the leaders of the LRA on personal security 
arrangements; and financial support for disarmament, 
demobilization, and reintegration to provide mid-level LRA 
commanders incentives to return to civilian life. The amended 
bill provides $5,000,000 to implement the strategy.
    The amended bill does not include a provision proposed by 
the Senate (sec. 699F) restricting assistance to any 
international organization (including the United Nations) that 
requires the registration of or taxes a gun owned by a citizen 
of the United States. USAID shall consult with the 
Appropriations Committees on its conservation programs in 
Africa involving hunting.
    The amended bill does not include the following House 
provisions: sections 699D, 699H, 699F, 699I, 699L, and 699O. 
The amended bill does not include the following Senate 
provisions: sections 686, 691, 695, 699, 699A, 699C, 699E, 
699F, 699G, 699I, 699J, 699K, 699L, 699N, and 699O.

    Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressional Directed Spending Items

    Neither the text nor the explanatory statement for this 
division of the House amendment contains any congressional 
earmarks, congressionally directed spending items, limited tax 
benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in clause 9 of 
rule XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives and rule 
XLIV of the Standing Rules of the Senate.
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                  AMENDED BILL TOTAL--WITH COMPARISONS

    The total new budget (obligational) authority for fiscal 
year 2008 provided in the amended bill, with comparisons to the 
fiscal year 2007 amount, the 2008 budget estimates, and the 
House and Senate bills for 2008 follow:

                        [In thousands of dollars]

New budget (obligational) authority, fiscal year 2007...     $37,131,161
Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority, fiscal 
    year 2008...........................................      35,101,620
House bill, fiscal year 2008............................      34,401,900
Senate bill, fiscal year 2008...........................      34,400,900
Amended bill, fiscal year 2008..........................      35,343,826
Amended bill compared with:
    New budget (obligational) authority, fiscal year 
      2007..............................................      -1,787,335
    Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority, 
      fiscal year 2008..................................        +242,206
    House bill, fiscal year 2008........................        +941,926
    Senate bill, fiscal year 2008.......................        +942,926